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4 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 a or dil.ie/5
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: á, an, an, i, ind, ina, ina, na, na, na, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

pron demonstrative relative, nasalising, that which, what . On the spelling á see Celtica ii 339 - 40 . Orig. neut. art., GOI § 473 (cf. 5 a). Combines with ro to form arro (in later lang. ar): arrolegais, Wb. 28d7 , but an- (the usual form before vowels) is also found: anrogadammar, Wb. 15c22 . anró gad, Trip.² 1370 . an ro-ráidis, PH 726 . an raibhe, Keat. ii 265 . In later language also spelt i n-: i n-atconnarc, LU 3322 . ind digní, Mon. Tall. 134.20 (§ 21) . Also ina n-: ina mboí, LU 8416 (H). ina fuaratar, Ann. Conn. 1235.13 . na n-: na tongat, Sc.M² 16 . na n-dingentar, TBC-LL¹ 6179 . na ndenaid, Auraic. 58 . In O.Ir. folld. by absolute and deuterotonic form of vb. a n-asbiur, Wb. 17d12 ; but later the conjunct and prototonic forms become common (see Bergin, Ériu xi 139 n.1 ): a taibred, Sc.M² 1 . a sir, Dán Dé xxiii 37 . a ndenat, PH 2858 . When the demonst. rel. is plural in meaning personal pronouns referring to it are plural: a n-as sīrem diib, Ériu ii 130 § 102 . The vb. may also be pl. a mbid . . . de neithibh, Desid. 5724 . a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch, Keat. ii 3504 . a bhfuilti corrtha those of you who are tired, Donlevy 216.6 .

Frequently cecha n- whatever, however much, etc., see cech.

(a) As nom.: an as suthin, Wb. 13d9 . anasberthar ho giun what is spoken, 5d14 . for nem a (an v.l.) conrúalae . . . as mó mílib míle, Fél. Ep. 25 . arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli the whole contents of the Psalter, Mon. Tall. 133.11 (§ 16) . a nas aithgin do airechaib feda iseadh is dire do athechaib feadha, Laws iv 152.5 Comm. seachnuim a mbí a n-éintigh, Desid. 6426 . a dtarla dá chóir, TSh. 762 .

(b) As accus.: á fil etarru what is between them, Wb. 27d19 . tuicci an gaibes in salm, 12d42 . a pridchimmeni what we preach, 15b14 . a forchongair do chomalnad, 5c23 . a ndogensa what I shall do, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). tongu-sa a toinges mo thúath, MU² 928 . mā rosaigh a broth a n-rosaig a blas `if its broth attains what its taste attains', RC xii 86 § 91 . ar ordaigh an t-aingeal-sain, Dán Dé xiv. 14 .

(c) With follg. partitive DI: a ndudesta . . . di foirbthetu, Wb. 1a9 . a césme di cach imniud, 13c7 . anrofiugrad di Críst `what has been figured of Christ', 15a34 . a mbaī di mnāib . . . hi Cūailṅge, TBC-I¹ 868 . a nrobíth leis día slōgaib, 1657 . an fogebed in gilla di scothaib, Trip.² 365 . ni hairemthar ar' marbad do macaib rí, RC xviii 173.13 . With different order of words: a n-du imnedaib . . . fo-daimi, Ml. 55d11 . a ndo ligdath doadbat, Ériu ii 114 § 39 .

With copula and superl.: a n-as sirem diib `the longest of them', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . a n-romba dech do thimthagaib flatha fer nGaoidel the best of the garments . . ., Corm. Y 1059 . an-as dech foruaradar do echraidh in righ, Marco P. 35 . i mba fearr do cach berla ┐ a nba leithiu ┐ a mba caemu `what was best . . .', Auraic. 1053 . in rop messa día muintir, RC x. 184.24 . Note also: is a mbeo beres a n-as beodu ┐ i na[s] segondo, TBC-I¹ 693 (compar. for superl.?). Less frequently with partitive gen.: doberat a n-as dech sét in dúine, TBFr. 419 . con-aitcetar ferann fair .i. an ba dech Mide, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv. 478 ).

(d) With prec. prep. (frequent in later lang.): do-farget (sic leg.) a rro-fera ar-a ferthar fris `he offers what he has given for what is given to him', Laws v 502.22 (see however GOI 680 ). ni tabair dír[e] asa n-gatass, Ir. Recht 22 § 24 (see GOI 298, 680 ). farnan bechtae on what is not certain, Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ( GOI 298, 680 ). bui dliged . . . fora raibhi do Thartraidhibh, Marco P. 82 . nach smuainid air a nabruid, Donlevy 468.13 . Gort an Óir ghairthear don Mhaigh . . . ó n-ar bronnadh d'ór lais-sean . . . ann `from the quantity of gold', Keat. ii 4470 . tré n-ar imreadar d'ulc air `on account of the injury they had done him', 4634 . tréas a ndearnsad do bhagar air, Desid. 3429 . Most frequently with DI, giving mod. dia, approximating to a new rel. particle: duine d'a marand indíu any man of those now living, PH 7318 . gach ní dā ndubrais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 105 . na h-uili obuir trocuire diar mol in eglus, ZCP vi 25.4 . ni ternō nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came . . .', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv. 323 ). an aenridiri is lugha dob olc da roibhi ina aimsir, ZCP vi 100.12 . gach aon dár fhás ┐ dá bhfásfaidh every one who has sprung and will spring, TSh. 13 . Temporal use: feacht n-æn da roibhe Cond Cetcathach, Ériu iii 150 . fecht n-aen dá táncatar, Acall. 361 . laithe n-aen … da raibe Find, 5737 . feacht n-aen da tainic Find, 5917 . la da raibhi Crist, Smaointe B. Chr. 1754 . gach úair da dtéighinn ’na theach, L. Cl. A. B. 187 § 9 . fechtus dia m-bui E. hi Frémainn, IT i 128 § 15 . fecht eli da raibe C. .c. a nDruim Cet, BCC 146.5 . lá airithi da ndechaid C. .c. do Temraig, 126.20 . feacht n-aon da ttainic Columcille, Anecd. iii 6 . feacht dia m-báttar, Hy Fiach. 336.1 . Also with acht: co tuctha a longa leó acht a ndechaidh ar éicin, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.).

(e) When the antecedent is a noun the rel. clause is syntactically gen.: ar comalnad andotairrngert `to fulfil what he had promised', Mon. Tall. 146.20 (§ 51) . i farrad na n-dingentar innossa, TBC-LL¹ 6178 . cuirter fesa uathaib co hAth Cliath ar cend ar ḟacsat and do Gallaib, RC xviii 289.30 (Tig.). ag soin críoch ar chanamor `that is the sum of what I have sung', TD 15.54 . ag clos a ndoirtid, Desid. 4282 . ar son a ndéineann, 731 .

airnaidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airnaidm or dil.ie/2296
Last Revised: 2019

 

n, n. vn. of ar-naisc

(a) act of binding; bond, guarantee: urnaidhm .i. ceangal, O'Cl. na aurnaidm ara-rona, ZCP xi 94 § 30 . cadeat . . . m'urnadmand ?, MU² 113 . in turnaidm nidnaidhe ┐ in turnaidm ar adhall ┐ in turnaidhm cen mifolta, . . . urnadma[nna] indligthech[a] sein, O'D. 2363 ( Rawl. B. 506 f. 42d ; cf. Mar. Dis. 26 § 2 ). is t'ernaidm a[s] sírem méras i nHéirinn, Trip.² 962 . ernaim forro gen an modh cetna do leiccin isin caistiall, Grail 1014 . dia n-ernaidm fri Dia, 2238 . d'ernaidhm a chairdesa frissin ccoimdheadh, AFM vi 2218.8 . ar n-urnaidm a anala air re teinne na togruma, MR 318.11 .

(b) act of betrothal; bethrothal, marriage . The legal a.¤ was a particular type of betrothal consisting of a pledged agreement between the girl's representative and her future husband. In certain circumstances a simple acknowledgement by both parties (aititiu) sufficed instead of an a.¤ See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 109f. , 160 . Ir. Recht 29 . ata morseisir i tuaith arcuile coir urnadhma `there are seven who are prohibited from the right of contracting marriage', Laws v 132.1 . nascar a coibche do mnaī co n-ernadmaim ind fir bes dīles dī, acht ro-ana co āge a īcce fria a woman is guaranteed her bride-price at the time of her betrothal to the man who shall be hers, ZCP xv 356 § 44 gl. 3 . is écin don tí do rinde in urnaidhm cutruma a coibche dó, O'D. 425 ( H 3.17 c. 326 ). a hernaidm-si co n-icc a tindscrae, RC xi 448.80 . nibat gárechtaig aiscedaig fergnúsi ocom urnaidm, LL 14281 (rhet.). ro triallad a ernaidm do fir, Fél. 50.16 . oc fritháilim ernadma na mná dó, LL 407a54 ( TTr.² 1280 ). ? nach ingen dogníd búis dar cen a urnaidm nobreotha, LL 287b8 . ben aurnadma married woman, Triads 151 . mac na cetmuinntiri urnadma . . . mac na hadhaltrai urnadma, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 gl. 8 .

Cf. airṡnaidm.

1 saigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 saigid or dil.ie/35951
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: sag-, saich-, soig-, soich-, saigim, shaghaim, saighi(u), saigid, saig, far-saig, saig, saiges, saigmít, segait, segat, saigit, segtai, segdai, segtha, segta, segtait, saig, nam-saich, sodham, segaith-si, saigid, sasae, sáis, sóigh, no-sa, ro-sa, sasat, sásad, soised, shoisfedh, soisdis, sesa, siais, sia, nādasia, sia, sias, sies, rosesaid, siacht, siächt, sīactatar, siachtadur, segar, segair, segar, segaiter, segtair, segatar, sasar, sai[g]ter, soicher, siasar, sesaitir, saigim

later also sag-, saich-, soig-, soich-. Strong vb. with s- subj. and t- pret. Later treated as weak vb., though the older subj. and pret. forms survive as archaisms even in Mod.Ir. indic. pres. 1 s. saigim, Sg. 217a3 . ní shaghaim , Studies 1930, 439 § 7 . 2 s. no saighi(u) (rel.), Snedg. u. Mac R 10 § 21 . 3 s. saigid, Wb. 23c11 . LU 3390 . ni saig , Ml. 131a4 . TBC-LL¹ 2458 . far-saig, 287 ( dobobsaig, LU 4580 ). nach saig , LL 45b20 . rel. saiges, Wb. 22a3 . Sg. 65b11 . Thes. ii 40.35 . ZCP vii 481.8 ( Enchir. Aug. 73a ). 1 pl. saigmít, Mór M. 8 . 3 pl. segait, Ml. 66b5 . Críth G. 274 . ni segat , ZCP xiii 22.18 . Ériu ii 130 § 102 . saigit, LL 135b3 ( PRIA 1884, 232 § 12 ). FA 18 (LB). saghait, Anecd. i 71 § 186 . rel. segtai, SR 2363 . segdai, 4253 . segtha, BDD² 1269 ( ségda, BDD 130 . segta, Stowe). With suff. pron.: segtait, SR 459 . ipv. 2 s. saig, TBC-LL¹ 665 , 1320 . nam-saich, ZCP vi 263.22 . 1 pl. sodham (= sagham), ZCP viii 222.11 . 2 pl. segaith-si, Anecd. i 4.17 (see Ériu xi 87 ). saigid, Metr. Dinds. iii 286.1 . subj. pres. 2 s. sasae (.i. ionnsaigh), Leb. Gab.(i) 282.7 . ni sáis , LU 3472 ( SCC 25 ). go só, L. Cl. A. B. 164.60 . See also below under I (b). go sóigh , 150.19 . 3 s. no-sa, Laws ii 256.4 (leg. ro-sa?). 3 pl. mana sasat , ZCP xiii 22.19 . subj. impf. 3 s. conná sásad , Sg. 62b2 . da soised , Metr. Dinds. iii 36.44 . Cf. also do shoisfedh , CF 109 (as condit.). 3 pl. no soisdis , Aen. 2067 . fut. 1 s. sesa, Bürgschaft 13 § 44 . 3 s. siais, ZCP ix 455.24 . ni sia , ZCP xii 406.29 . nādasia, Cáin Ad. 31 . dá sia (used as subj.), Ó Bruad. i 112.17 . rel. sias, O'Curry 2533 ( Eg. 88, 44c ). ? sies, Brislech 16.166 . 2 pl. rosesaid, LU 1850 . pret. 3 s. siacht, LU 6259 (= dosīacht, TBC-I¹ 1759 ). siächt, ZCP viii 197.20 (disyll.). 3 pl. sīactatar, ZCP iii 43.5 . co siachtadur , Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . pass. pres. s. segar (rel.), Wb. 11a5 . segair, LU 10978 . ní segar , Ériu ii 208 § 32 . pl. segaiter, LL 293b18 = ZCP xi 81 § 17 (= saigethar, 93 § 26 . Cf. Hermathena xix 91 ). segtair (segdair, v.l.), IT iii 31.24 . segatar, ZCP xii 404.27 . subj. pres. dia sasar , Laws v 458.9 = O'Dav. 1469 . da sai[g]ter (soicher, v.l.), Fier. 104 . fut. s. siasar, O'D. 1958 ( Eg. 90, 7b ). ? pl. sesaitir, ZCP xiii 378.7 . vbl. of necess. saigthi (q.v.). IGT Verbs § 91 .

Vn. 2 saigid (see also saige, saigin, saigthin).

I Trans.

(a) goes towards, approaches; seeks out, strives after: saigim gl. adeo, Sg. 217a3 . dorus . . . segdai máil, SR 4253 . ergnaid sui siacht sliucht cethruir who followed the track of the four (evangelists), ACC 91 ( RC xx 270 ). siachtum mórthochmarc maic dea dechtiri, LL 123b31 . siechtator Eigipt, Leb. Gab.(i) 278.8 . gomadh misi nodsoichfe isin maidin amaroch, ZCP x 277.24 . soich an rioghan, BNnÉ 319 § 16 . lann segar and the crown which is striven for gl. bradium (= bravium), Wb. 11a5 . segait ind firién inna fochaidi, Ml. 66b5 . saigid oirgniu, LU 3390 ( SCC 17 ). segair in chest isin tig the (answer to) the question is sought, LU 10978 . ní segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein `baptism is not sought' (i.e. on Sunday), Ériu ii 208 § 32 . ialla én find . . . segaid sasadh seek for food, Anecd. i 56 § 47 . sáer-ainm Sinna saigid dún `the noble name of Sinann, search it out for us', Metr. Dinds. iii 286.1 . ech mall moṅgach nach saig siliud, LL 45b20 (= siriud, RC xxxvi 263 § 21 ). cia seacht siecht sith gan eccla sought peace, Leb. Gab.(i) 264.12 . cend-drong filed . . . | saigtís dliged a ndála, Metr. Dinds. i 36.94 .

(b) reaches, attains : leanaid C. iad . . . cosiacht Cuanglaisi (as far as?), ZCP xiv 239.8 . ? ni soitheann an fairrgi a n-uilli, Anecd. i 50 § 22 . saghait iarsin inis n-ingnaidh they come to a strange island, 71 § 186 . a n-as sirem diib ni segat acht cubat `only attain (to the length of) a cubit', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . intī saighes secht crosa illō visits, ZCP v 498.17 . aseadh do bliadhnaibh nonsaigh the number of years that have reached us (= elapsed?), AFM ii 648.6 . do shoichdís a dhá láimh an talamh, Keat. ii 2237 .

Hence Mod.Ir. in phrase go soiche (lit. till thou reach) to, as far as, till: go soichi an bás, Mac Aingil 123.9 . go soighe an sgonnsa, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 12.14 . go só daghaimser, L. Cl. A. B. 164.60 . ón cind go soich aroile, BCC 188.28 . bhias ad choimhideacht go soiche abhal a bhfuil Grádh Dé, Desid. 370 . Note also: nochan faghadh M. . . . énní nach fora laimh dobheiredh go soiche a scáoileadh ar bhochtaibh for the purpose of distribution to the poor, BNnÉ 264 § 226 .

(c) attacks : segatar ratha radatar fleda fechatar catha, ZCP xii 404.27 . fessaitir catha, sesaitir slūaigh, xiii 378.7 . manim leict[h]er segaithsi ar eicin if I am not allowed in, attack by force, Anecd. i 4.17 . In proverbial expression: na sluaig na saiget segair hosts that attack not are attacked (i.e. attack is the best defence), SG 381.17 . mini saige saigfear ort, Cog. 124.20 . gach sluagh nach saigh saighfidher, Hugh Roe 46.17 .

(d) refers to, applies to: ni saig sís it does not apply (to the vb. respicit) below, Ml. 131a4 . issed saiges sís this is what it refers to below, Sg. 65b11 . ised saiges in sensso `darauf geht dieser Sinn', ZCP vii 481.8 ( Enchir. Aug. 73a ). súi co saidbri segtai rainn to whom quatrains refer (?), SR 2363 . This may also be the meaning in: mad for Tomás no shaided Ísu sech na hapstalu ar chena if Jesus referred to T., PH 6765 . dia ndíth fri slúagaib segair `from their destruction is the name mentioned among hosts', Metr. Dinds. iii 116.75 .

(e) s.¤ x for y applies x to y, sets x to work on y. Freq. in phrase s.¤ brot for plies the goad on, urges on: saigthis (= saigis) in t-ara brot for in n-echraid, TBC-LL¹ 670 . saig (saí, MS.) brot n-áig forsan echraid, MU² 252 . Note also: is seabac saer soighes | a eocho bo deas (of Cú Chulainn in his chariot), TBC-I¹ 2531 . With other objects: saigh-siu . . . th'aichni forro, . . . ité filet isdigh-sea in cōica ingen see if thou canst recognise them, ZCP v 502.1 . With i n-: gach fersa gabus tú díbh | . . . | . . . saigh ionnta t'inntleacht concentrate on them, BNnÉ 170.14 . roshoigh sí cóir chomhraidh air-siomh, BS 60.13 . saigidh si iomagalloim baoisi for an ngiolla, Leb. Gab.(i) 26.27 .

II Intrans. with prepp. With AS: sīactatar as for slēbib set out, ZCP iii 43.5 . ac faircsin uathu amach for scoraib na Rudullta batar a n-imshuidhi forro acht (┐, MS.) nosoisdis as in case they should issue forth (?), Aen. 2067 . ? ni sia nech mnai assa tigh, ZCP xii 406.29 . With co: o Ind síar saigit na fir | co tuind trebair trom-Thigir journey towards, LL 135b3 ( PRIA 1884, 232 § 21 ). co Cuanaig saigmít, Mór M. 8 . asna sostaib . . . cosa saiget, PH 6271 . With DO: da saiter don Fraingc (da soicher isin F., v.l.) `if I get to France', Fier. 104 . soidhfidh dhamh-sa fa dheireadh | . . . | an baothlaogh I shall obtain, DDána 80.29 . do sia duibhsi for seirc an Coimdedh it shall be yours, BNnÉ 326 § 44 (ro-saig?). With FOR: ní saig nech fair ┐ nī saigseom for nech he attacks no one and no one attacks him, TBC-I¹ 1797 . saigh fair, ar in drui, Anecd. ii 10.8 . segait for nert Fótla fia, LU 4327 . segait for gach leth do thabairt bō ┐ ban ┐ brat they set out, make a foray, ZCP iv 45.14 . saighis for an ngiolla ngle | 's ni ro saigh uirre an gille importuned, Leb. Gab.(i) 42.27 . With I: sruth serb saile i sūilib saigh a bitter salty stream rises to the eyes, ZCP vii 299.17 . ní shaigitt 'sa righe reil | Raghallaigh will not attain to the kingship, BNnÉ 285.25 . nī da roichedh 'na lāim clī | . . . | nocha soiched 'na láim deis (of generosity of Columcille), ZCP vii 304 § 13 . With LA: derb lé docheiled a col | da soised lé a fothrucod if she could succeed in bathing, Metr. Dinds. iii 36.44 . With SECH: saeigis secha urchar Ph. `shot past him', TTebe 3417 . ? epscop Ith átha fadat | sech na sluagu nár sagat, SG 389.37 . With TAR: ulcha . . . fair co soiched dar māethīchtar a māethimlenn sīs reached beyond, TBC-I¹ 2336 . sruth teintide . . . saigit . . . na fíreóin tairis get over it, FA 18 (LB = rosoichet, LU). soichfidh crú tar fraoch fuilt, ML 122.7 . With TRE: gach aen da soicfe tre sin cath uaib who can cut his way through this force, Celt. Rev. iv 10.17 .

III Legal.

(a) sues for, claims : a (= ó) ro siacht selb aithre, siasar comroind division shall be sued for, O'D. 1958 ( Eg. 90, 7b ). cidh urradh . . . cidh anurradh, as e bes urrad aire, no sias anurradus, O'Curry 2533 ( Eg. 88, 44c ). dia sasar slanbrethaib .i. dia n-indsaigi tu, Laws v 458.9 , 18 Comm . Cf. O'Dav. 1469 . is iar sen suid for a techta `it is after this he sues for his right', Laws iv 176.6 . ni segar fir (= fír) tairis oppud noilliuch cen slan is not sought for (?), required (?), Anecd. iii 24.6 . is and sin siacht Fergus for a glinne arna bristé fír fer for Coin Culaind (`claimed of his securities', Faraday), LU 6259 = dosīacht, TBC-I¹ 1759 . is tú fer . . . saiges a chert do cech óen la Ultu, LU 8148 ( FB 11 ). intí dia ndligi fhiachu saig fair cach cumuṅg rotbé, LL 116b37 . co tart som grein ┐ esca na saigfed forro ni badh siriu would not make any further claims on them (would not attack them?), MacCarthy 396.12 . ? siaicht selb senathair, ZCP viii 306.31 .

(b) enforces, executes (a law): nach óen loittfis Chāin nAdamnān . . . nādasia ┐ nādacomallnathar (`shall not claim it'), Cáin Ad. 31 . ni segat na nadmanna sin, ar ni saigh naidm folta for feichemain, ZCP xiii 22.18 `betreiben', Bürgschaft 10 § 27 . sesa lat sa fair `ich werde ihn dann mit dir betreiben', 13 § 44 . iss ed saiges a naidm, Críth G. 26 .

Cf. ro-saig.

sír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sír or dil.ie/37651
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o, ā long, lasting, constant :

(a) rarely of objects: fil and sírchriss senPhóil déin 'there is the lengthy belt of vigorous old Paul' Celtica xv 33, 38 . Sírlamh . sír .i. foda .i. lamha foda badar aigi, Cóir Anm. 248 . folt tiug s.¤ fair, RC vii 128.12 (? = síar). mag s.¤ na sond is na sleg, Metr. Dinds. iii 426.19 .

(b) usually of duration of time: sir cach sendligedh cacha cricha condealg (glossed : i[s] suthain cach sendeiligud), Laws iv 50.12 and 15 . iar serbchrochaib síraib `after long bitter crosses', Fél. May 13 . sægul s.¤ , Ériu iv 132.21 . tria aimsera síra, v 46.3 . bás s.¤ tall don anmain, PH 7812 . beatha shíor ar sheal ngairid, DDána 37.2 . ceangal síor ó soin i-le | ag a síol i Moigh Mheidhbhe, 90.20 . ar gcealgthóir síor `my eternal deceiver', Aithd. D. 52.14 . a bhronnadh bhíos síor `O generous heart ever bestowing gifts', 54.10 . galar trom is teinneas síor, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 8 . ainm síor ar ainm n-iasachta, TD 22a.48 . siosma síor ┐ gleic ghnáthach, TSh. 2937 .

As subst., a long time (?): rí congaib iar siraib seircc, SR 7215 . aeine ┐ satharnd, sir ngnath (cheville), Laws iv 218.9 Comm. ? To this: failet ann srotha . . . | fri sasad sloig, sir sotlaib, | fail ann mór do findtopraib, SR 499 .

In the phr. tré bithu sír for ever , the adj. is not declined (except: tré bithu síri (sira, siora, sirai, sire, v.ll.) (: findrígi), Imr. Brain 55 ). The phr. is later freq. replaced by tré bith sír. tré bithu s.¤ , Imr. Brain 18 . tría bithu s.¤ , LU 2057 . tria bitha s.¤ , ZCP viii 108.13 . ni ro-oslaice tria bithu sir dorus na huamu-sa, PH 352 . éirgidh dá bhur bpianadh tré bhiotha shíor, Desid. 3838 . ó nach fuil fuasgladh 'na gcionn tré bhiotha síor (of the damned), TSh. 6277 . tria bith s.¤ , LU 2401 (H). is and bís ar n-aittreb-ne tria bith sir, PH 758 . tre bhith síor, DDána 68.38 . TD 25.31 . tré bhioth siór, Carswell 17.7 . seachnoidh mé tre bhioth shíor, Desid. 157 . tré bhithibh síor, Celtica xxii 153 § 7 . trē bhithe sīor, Beatha S. F. 3213 .

do ṡír ever, always, for ever, constantly, continually, frequently : fliuchaimsir do ṡir, AU iii 446.27 . adermaid co tacmhann sin cu minic ┐ nach tacmhann do tshír that this occurs frequently but not constantly, O'Gr. Cat. 246.z . teine bithbéo do beith ar lasad do s.¤ , RC xxviii 320 § 37 . foireann do shíor thaibhgheas tnúidh `the race ever exciting envy', Aithd. D. 25.1 . nach do réir oghuim do shíor chuirthear comhardadh, gé chuirthear úair éigin é, IGT Introd. 3.1 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh do shíor ever, 2.y . is náir dhuit . . . | asmuilt do shíor ar mhac De, Oss. iv 222.z . do ṡíor tairse ná teagur `never be they violated', TD 19.19 . bídh do shíor ag righe ré bheith ós a ccionn, Desid. 2915 . ag biothchuimhniughadh an bháis . . . do shíor, TSh. 135 . ní loingedh do ṡ.¤ acht dia Domhnaigh, AFM i 304.z . mur nach bhfaichfithid gnus De do ṡíor, Luc. Fid. 51.3 . dá mbuaireamh de shíor, ITS iii 291.15 . leith a muigh do shíor . . . d'fuil, Donlevy 126.1 .

co sír for ever, always : co hattreb parrduis i frecnarcus de co s.¤ , Three Hom. 96.z . amal bís sútrall for lassad co s.¤ , PH 8250 . mé ar seachrán go síor, Aithd. D. 52.1 .

ó ṡír from all time : ní fhuil enni ó shíor ann acht Dia amháin, Desid. 6071 .

Compar. sía, síriu, síre. longer, farther : ni aufuirig gō-airechta tar nī be[s] sīru huin beyond a single day, Laws i 120.20 (glossed: .i. nochan fīrfuirget in airecht anad isīa uirri nā anad naine, 122.5 Comm . ). ar a[s] sireiu ro said aor oldas an moladh, O'D. 2207 ( Nero A. vii, 143b ). [h]irem .i. is sía, ut est hírem i n-uidhib aitiri uidhe itir rig .i. is dona reib is sia (as superl.). O'Dav. 1066 . sīa īarom rosīachta dealg ūaithe saira bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar, Corm. Y 502 . gaimen .i. gaimfinn is sīa a find-side quod [h]ieme occiditur , 242 . [ní] ba síri traigidh húad ille ┐ hinnonn airm hi toethsad, BDD² 1096 . na bris dúin cairptiu . . . ní as siriu, TBC-LL¹ 765 . ni rabi láech is-síu (léoch isía MS.) nótheghed do dhigháil a uilc i críchaib cíana . . . oldáss, TTr.² 36 . nī budh síriu farther, ZCP xiv 263.7 . nocha sia a-nonn iná nóin | do-chóidh . . ., DDána 42.4 . neimh ar saighnéin as sia goimh, 95.11 . do bharr ní bhia ar t'oirbhire | nach sia crann ar gcomhdhuine `Thy reproach (of us) can never be so high that the tree of our salvation will not be higher still', Aithd. D. 65.17 . dó as chóra cosnamh na ríghe | rí Oirghiall madh hé bhus sia of older origin (?), 28.10 . áit is sia i mbíd do bhunadh | . . . cnuic roidhiamhra bheann mBanbha `in no place are they so long settled as in . . .', TD 21.8 . as éidir . . . ochd siolla do chur a ccomhfhocal, ┐ ní cóir ní as sía iná sin do chur ann, IGT Introd. 31.6 . sia 'sa sía no snaidis on innsi, RC ix 474.5 (ICM). is sia 's is sia an óige uam `ever further', Aithd. D. 69.6 . sía de the longer, the farther : condib sia de ind rann, Sg. 201b16 . guma[d] síaiti ūadha cend na bliadna-sin `the further off', Fianaig. 68.6 . comad siaide ro ṡoised `that he might advance the farther', MR 318.17 .

Superl. síam, sírem . longest, farthest : is t'ernaidm a[s] sírem mérus i nHéirinn, Trip.² 962 . ó túsa issin dún sa iss ed laithe inso as síam limm, TBFr. 134 . do-iaghaitt . . . bhail as siriomh conrangatar, Hugh Roe 46.9 . Of stature, tallest : an as sírem diib ni segat acht cubat (of dwarfs), Ériu ii 130 § 102 .

For equative see sithithir.

Compds. (freq. merely intensive or for alliteration). Usual meaning, ever-, eternal, long-, lasting, continual(ly)-:

(a) with nouns and vnn.: ni síratrab act is cuit fresligi `a continual dwelling', Wb. 3d4 . is cuit esbicuil nírbo sirbaás `it is a passing cup, it was not eternal death', 32d4 . nicon-da-bia nem acht sírbuith i n-adnaclaib, Ml. 69a8 . [mac] fri silad, fri sírtuistin, SR 2818 . sencha sir-cuimne `an antiquary of long memory', Laws v 368.3 . anas sirect (? leg. sir[ḟ]ec[h]t) do imthecht, 'a long journey (?)' Anecd. iii 59.8 , ZCP xxvii 66 . fosernar sir focal .i. is maith sernaiter in suthin focal, iv 384.23 . iar sircacht in chorgis `long privations', Mon. Tall. 68 (156.6) . hi sirgalur ┐ hi sírshnim, IT i 121.18 . téta mendchrot aca seinm allámaib ṡirṡúad (`bewährter Meister'), TBC-LL¹ 210 . sáim a sírdeired its very end, Ériu iv 106 § 56 . dobeir seodu ┐ sirmaine ór ┐ airgett doib, BB 415b25 . an as diultadach dib, is écen a sírchoimet (of the Ten Commandments), PH 7299 . a shuile oc sírchái, 7760 . seoid dá síorchur inn is uadha (of a mansion), TD 11.21 . Andoich saer co sírclú, Gorm. Sept. 24 . gé táimne re seal gá síordhul repeatedly, PBocht 1.28 . is ní fhuil go deó fóirthin ná fuascladh dháibh | ó shíorbhrat reódha, Hackett xxi 32 . ro bui sí ac síratach in dee . . . co hurtosach na maidni, Stair Erc. 2254 . ag síorthuitim a bpeacadh . . . ┐ ag síréirghe as, Donlevy 220.11 - 12 . budh cóir gur síor-aithrighe beatha an Chríosduidhe air talamh, 312.1 . is gnáth sealbh ar gach shíoriasacht, Maguires of F. 12 .

(b) with adjj.: bith sírḟlaithech, AM 4.23 . síraistae gl. longaeuus, Ml. 90a13 . i mbethaid . . . | seirgthig, snimaig, sirsaethraig, SR 1446 . ar slóg sírrechtach | . . . sirdemin, LU 10374 (rhetoric). ropad sírshaeglach 'that he would be long-lived', BCC² 233.331 . blogha soilléire suaichionta síor-bheaga `minute', ML 132.16 . a ochlai dorchai na sinnach sírchelgach, PH 8246 . Escop Eocho . . . | rí na rígh de sírbuidhech, SG 19.6 . sruth sanntach síradhbul sleibhi, Stair Erc. 891 . an t-amadán síorchainteach `a prating fool', Proverbs x 8 . neach san ló is líonmhaire caint | ní dó is síorghaire substaint, Dánfhocail 53 .

(c) with verbs: na síreclaig de ar Día | ar in fírecnaid Finnía do not despair, LU 4307 . ar bar serc-blaid síréistid `steadily hearken!', Metr. Dinds. iii 16.192 . áitt i sírbói Sen-Garman, 250.104 . síorchaithfitt biadh do thermoinn, Irish Texts iv 82 § 17 . do na mór olcaibh ro shíolaidh ┐ ro shíorchlandaigh i n-inis Ereann a los écca Aodha, AFM vi 2298.26 . is follas co sír-éisdear go trócaireach gnáth-urnuigh na hEagluise, Donlevy 442.5 . barra gach crainn síor-chuireas toradh ┐ cnuas, O'Rah. v 7 .

In dvandva compds.: a fulang co sír sír, IT i 187.25 . ceol combind comaentadach comchubaid bár-oen frinde anosa co sír-sír, PH 8339 . in ceol sirrechtach sírbhuan, SG 108.15 . seolchrand sirfhada sirmor na luingi, TTebe 1970 .

sirem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sirem or dil.ie/37670
Last Revised: 2013

 

n [? orig. n, m.] (sirid, LEIA S-117 ).a mite or tick (?): sirem .i. īarsinnī sires ō luc do luc in capite et in toto corpore , Corm. Y 1138 . do leighios na s.¤ ┐ ar míl bís a ndreich, O'Gr. Cat. 179.3 (`to cure the itch and face-worms'). síreamh .i. galar, no tinneas, O'Cl. (? arising out of a misunderstanding of Corm.).

sirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sirid or dil.ie/37676

 

Forms: siriud, súr

v i (see Bergin, Ériu viii 196 and IGT Verbs § 71 ). Trans.

(a) orig. ranges, traverses, wanders through; of disease, spreads through: sírid in rindide ṅuile ó hisul co huasal, Thes. ii 22.39 ( BCr. 33d3 ). in Bude Conaill, co rosirestar Hérinn hule, ┐ conafarcaib acht cech tres dune . . . i mbethaid, 299.1 ( Hy. i pref . ). sirem .i. īarsannī sires ō luc do luc in capite et in toto corpore , Corm. Y 1138 . donn .i. cuirm, ut est siris donn dibeoil .i. srethnaigi[d] in donn sin .i. in linn, do urlabra do neoch, O'Dav. 666 . taitnet gabra lir i sam | sella roisc roṡíri Bran, Imr. Brain 36 . siridh ┐ feghaidh brughe parrthais, Lat. Lives 109.7 . sirfid in noíndin hi fot, LU 6605 . no sirfed in Cú in m[b]ith mbras | co fagbad liaig da leges, 3554 ( SCC 29 ). ro ṡirsit . . . hErind hule oc iarraid mna . . . dó, IT i 118.19 ( TE 2 ). ra ṡirset na daim hErind uili inn aidchi sin `durchjagten', TBC-LL¹ 6166 . coroshir Herinn da bliadain, Mór M. 2 . iasg ingnad sirus an sāl, Ériu iii 145 § 24 . ro sir [in teidm] fo chethri hairdib Erenn, RC xvii 416.24 (Tig.). dia sirmis Ere ni fuigbithea ni bud mó, MR 16.y . an t-each . . . | as ferr dosir fér is fonn, BS 106.18 . sirfidh Éirinn na gheilt ghlas, 6.y . siridh uile Fiadh Fuinidh, TD 10.26 . sir na margaidh, a mheic Airt; | bíoth ad bhél: búta ar mhalairt, L. Cl. A. B. 121.49 . ac Cluan Ferta na sreabh mbán | sire Mágh Life lomlán (to a blackbird), Celt. Rev. x 137.23 . ní fhuil baile . . . | nachar shíreas don fhionnmhuigh Fháil seo, Keat. Poems 448 . Note also: ro-shir diamra in tshlebi do'n tarb, ┐ nocon fhuair searched, PH 7181 . ? Intrans. ranges : abb Ēirenn Amalgoidh ōg | fa sir danarghraigh (sic leg.) dar drūcht, ACL iii 307 § 23 . ? To this: roelai nó rosír (gloss on conselai), Thes. ii 342.34 .

(b) betakes oneself to, seeks out, has recourse to: dosir lega Erenn dia legius ┐ ni fuair slánti uathaib, RC xii 326 § 14 . siridh draoithe ┐ deghealadhnacha an domhuin ┐ dénaidh fios ┐ fogluim aca, Comp. CC 72.27 . sirthar duinn in fer-sin, PH 205 . do shir mé an Tighearna, Psalms lxxvii 2 . níor fhágbhas ann rígh ná flaith | nochar shíreas, Oss. iv 86.23 . ? To this: bean do ṡir ḟear n-úaigneasa | budh bean ḟir at égmhuissea, IGT Decl. ex. 1056 .

(c) seeks for, asks, demands; beseeches, implores, solicits: in talamh ica tái iarradh ar Dhia . . . is amhlaidh sin fagheba in talamh shire, Lat. Lives 108.13 . an scur rosirsiubair ar in cat[h] cathardha, CCath. 5483 . co sir a berradh air, Laws v 472.10 Comm . in tiasacht sirit na baith, O'D. 1338 (Eg. 3.5, 18, col. 2 ). an tí ṡires ní ar gach nech | ní dhlighenn beith gan oinech, ZCP viii 109 § 2 . dā sirinn a meic nō a mnā | ar an laochraid sin, 219 § 9 . rosir maitim a pecadh dó, RC xii 324 § 8 . sirid in caire do biathad rig Ulad, MR 54.4 . ac comhall cach itchi dá sirfider fair, SG 24.14 . ro sirit braigde fair, Cog. 118.23 . roshirset logad ┐ leges a peccaid doib, PH 244 . sirid cend Eoin Bauptaist, ol in máthair, 901 . do ṡiredar ar deseirc ar mac Uilliam can beth aca in oidche sin, ALC i 300.6 . ro sir se tend ┐ tigernus ar Mac nDiarmata iar sin `demanded (recognition of his) dominion . . .', Ann. Conn. 1315.7 . 'ca imradh an cath rocomorfad no an sid rosirfead ar cach, TTebe 1185 . lus na sláinte siridh dhamh, DDána 2.1 . ní shirfeadh éaraic eile | orra ar-aon acht aithrighe, 5.20 . cairt ó rígh Shaghsan do shir, Aithd. D. 30.21 . siridh Dia lá éigin air | iodhbairt a éinmhic ionmhain, PBocht 23.31 . siris Domhnall . . . | sgéal ar an ollamh, TD 3.29 . ná sir forus nach foighi, IGT Decl. ex. 1127 . ag siredh a n-iderghuidhesion do chum De, Luc. Fid. 205.x .

(d) inquires concerning : ro sirmais a n-anmand uile, LL 210a37 . is aire shirim fort a ndelb, co findara in n-iat tanic chucam hir-rer, PH 440 . do shireas ortha adhbhar na muinighine ata aca, Donlevy xxii 9 .

(e) seeks (to do or to get), attempts, desires; cach fer accaibh iarrus rochtoin . . . co a muintir sired alloss imberta a claidim, CCath. 5486 . gibe díbh gebhus righe, | ná siritt (= -et) slata 'na ndoid | acht ó fhior ionaid Maodhóicc, BNnÉ 258.y . dá sirinn clódh an chroidhe | fa chumann d'éis Órlaidhe `if I tried to check my heart', Aithd. D. 12.24 . dol lem shúil gé do shireadh `though it sought to please me', PBocht 3.25 . féuch ceann Isboset . . . do shir do bhás, 2 Samuel iv 8 .

Verbal of necess. ní sirthe dhuit | . . . an chlú, PBocht 6.39 .

See sechem sirite, s.v. sechem.

Vn. siriud, súr.

siriud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. siriud or dil.ie/37682

 

Forms: sirtha, sirthe, sirthain, sirem, sireadh

u m. vn. of sirid. g s. sirtha, sirthe. Later also sirthain, sirem , sireadh m. IGT Decl. § 49.7 , Verbs § 71.9 .

(a) act of ranging, wandering about, travelling : do sirt[h]ain in domain, CCath. 3856 . oc sirthain mara ag iarraidh thíre tharrngaire, SG 67.29 . ic siredh na sliged, BB 239b8 . siredh a samradaib, ZCP viii 209.z . mór in s.¤ ó Āth Chlíath co Carn cāem Cornáin, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 24 . Banba a sleib Miss co na ṡluagaib | siriuc[h] (? leg. siriud) tuislech, Todd Nenn. 246.4 (siriuth, v.l.). soais ó Domhnaill don chur sin iar siredh ┐ iar ccor cuarta Connacht uile, AFM iii 180.11 . ? To this: o bói Solom oc s.¤ (i.e. since S.'s time?), Metr. Dinds. i 36.109 .

(b) ranging in search (of do): trúag d'Ultaib . . . | cen s.¤ in domain duind | d'ícc . . . Con Culaind, LU 3546 ( SCC 29 ). ag siredh in aír do churp a cæmcheili, TTebe 4695 . ac siredh na lerg da lecht, IGT Verbs ex. 637 .

(c) act of searching, seeking for, asking, beseeching, begging; a search : s.¤ slán na saccraide complete ransacking, SR 3036 . truag d'Ultaib . . . cen sirthin a márica, LU 3536 ( SCC § 29 , H). bo cusani timsaigther le . . . do s.¤ do, Laws v 434.10 Comm . comlaintes in uasalbid do s.¤ for na cometaide, 434.16 Comm . a shiriud ó Dia in ní bís i n-aneolas do dóinib, PH 7191 . iongnadh an sireadh sláinte!, Éigse v 234 § 13 . is ed adbert Apaill ris, gan a sirthain, uair ni bfuighbedh, TTebe 34 . siorthain (sic leg.) deabhtha, Keat. Poems 1024 . ag sirim go hoiríseal air Dhia . . . gan a ainneis fein do chur toirmisg air thíodhlaicidhibh righ na féile, Donlevy xxiii.x . lucht siortha na derca, 23 G 24, 398.4 .

(d) a (light) reconnoitring or raiding party, act of reconnoitring or raiding: timsaigit a sloig ┐ a sirthe . . . imon cathraig, LB 124a4 . do léigidar sirtha lethna lánd[iana] luathbidba leó fana críchaibh 'na comthimchill, Comp. CC 80.7 . ni díb-si in buiden-sa i timmchell in guirt immaig ┐ ni díb in síred so (sirid sa, v.l.) don leith eli, Mer. Uil. 199 . con-acatar na sirthe siobhlacha slōigh dia soigidh, ZCP xiv 262.7 . go Tír bhFáil na fearchoinshirthe, DDána 89.7 . sirthe faolchon 'n-a fiodhbhaidh, 73.5 . co rancatur a sirthi co Sid Aeda . . . ┐ ro arcidur manistir Esa Ruaid, Ann. Conn. 1398.2 . T. . . . do marbad le muinnter mic Aodagain ar siredh creiche sin cogad cedna, ALC i 290.2 . tucatar luathshirtha fa na crichuib ar gach leith díbh, L. Chl. S. 19 . ro líonait . . . do sluagh ┐ do ṡirthibh armtha edighthe, AFM iii 278.12 . Séasar na siorthadh mbras, DDána 121.11 . ? To this: co roibe crīch Breg i n-a comar creach . . . ┐ i n-a sreathaib sirthi, ML² 1133 = síortha, ML 80.20 . coinnme degslūaigh, | sretha sirthe, ZCP xii 290.21 .