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ad-cosnai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cosnai or dil.ie/403
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: at-cosna, -ascnai, adcosnat, ascnam, adcosnain, atcosnaitis, adcosnae, -ascnae, adcosna, adcosantae, adruchoisséni, ascnam, ascnaide, ascnaid

v (* ad-com-sní-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 634 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. at-cosna, Fél. 156.11 . -ascnai, Laws iv 366.13 . 3 pl. adcosnat, Thes. ii 6.29 . Ipv. 1 pl. ascnam, Fél. Dec. 31 . Indic. impf. 1 s. adcosnain se, Thes. ii 2.26 . 3 pl. atcosnaitis, Fianaig. 10.19 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adcosnae, Ml. 56b39 . -ascnae, Ml. 56b31 . 3 s. adcosna. Ml. 51b6 . Subj. impf. sg. pass. adcosantae, Ml. 115d13 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. adruchoisséni, Ml. 69d4 .

Vn. ascnam.

Part. ascnaide.

Later also as simple vb. ascnaid.

(a) makes for, strives for, seeks (trans.): ni moa adcosnat bete in secundo genere . . . quam `they do not strive more', Thes. ii 6.29 . ní etaigthersu immanisin .i. ni ascnae ┐ ní charae, Ml. 56b31 . cach gell cona [ḟ]ritgill do di[a] nascnai coir `on the basis of which he attains his right', Ériu xii 48.2 . athlaech . . . nad nascnai sacarbuic `a lay-recluse who does not go to the sacrament', Laws iv 366.13 . nech atcobra dul for nemh, atcosna (atcosnae v.l.) in flaith, ZCP vii 310 § 1 . is ech buada dar mag réid / fer adcosnaid flaith Dé móir, Goid. 180.22 ( LL 284b42 .) is treothu adcosnaigther flaith nime, LB 12a46 . atcosnatis bidbad būaidh `they strove ever for victory over their foes', Fianaig. 10.19 . ascnaid Ériu seach inis Breatan sets out for E., BB 203b38 . in port adcosnaidís, 39a23 . gur bo hi an conair i ttudchad . . . don tir nó asgnáifedh, Hugh Roe 80.19 (fo. 21b) .

(b) proceeds, goes (intrans. with various prepp.): atchiu churach dar Muir Mend / ascnas i n-iathaib h-Erend, LL 12642 . adcosnat hi crich Ciarraigi . . . co Ath Féne, IT ii2 213.33 . ro-asgna Luguidh cona mhaithibh . . . i ccomhdhāil Conaill marched against, ZCP xiv 249.3 . ascnait assaide d'ardchathraig in tíre, LL 220b11 ( TTr. 246 ). ro asccna assaidhe co ros Comáin, AFM vi 1954.7 . ascnais A. co Poll Ruadhain, BNnÉ 322 § 31 . ro asccna ó D. tar Sruthair . . . ar fud tire hamhalghaidh, AFM iii 390.x . do easccna ara aghaidh he went forwards, v 1574.4 . ro asccnatar rempu they advanced, CCath. 4898 . ascnait . . . tria fort `they passed through a fort', Fl. Earls 104.27 . ascnaidhit a n-iermoracht Uī Nēill `they set out to overtake O'N.', 164.10 aon léig[e] dēg issedh ro ascnaidset in lā sin, 166.29 . ascnam . . . iarsin slicht let us go over the account (of a tale), Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 1 . asgnaidh esti a h-ainim life departed from her, Aen. 2869 . ra ascná uadib a mbruth, LL 244b42 .

Cf. ascnamaid.

aidirbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidirbe or dil.ie/882

Forms: aighirbi, aidirbre

n f. aighirbi f. IGT Decl. § 3 . (*ad-air-ess-ben-, O'Rahilly, SGS i 36 . Cf. 2 airbe). Also aidirbre. tear, breach: rotholl in teach ┐ rosín a láim tresi[n] aidherbi, Metr. Dinds. iv 298.15 . muna facas he a gait na set no mana frith slicht na aidirbe dar a eisi, Laws iii 468.18 Comm. = na haidairbi, O'D. 901 ( H 3.17 col. 644b ). na haidhirbi, 2001 ( Eg. 90, f. 12 ) = aidhribe, O'Curry 673 ( H 3.18, p. 329 ). mani frith slicht na haidirbre isin thig no isin buaile is lan-coirpdiri and, O'Curry 234 ( H 3.18, 129 ). comnaige cacha cercailli, aidearba for coilcaid, Laws v 486.19 `? impression left by sleeper on the bedclothes', Plummer MS. notes. tugadh . . . / t'oigheirbe ar an fhál / a roimheirge an ríogh, PBocht 5.31 = t'ogirbe (aigirbi, aighirbi v.ll.), IGT Decl. ex. 209 .

ainslicht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainslicht or dil.ie/1535

n ( slicht ): báthed cach n-anslicht (andslicht, v.l.) wrong track, bad example(?), Tec. Corm. § 6.30 .

airlithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlithir or dil.ie/2222
Last Revised: 2019

v (cf. 1 airle)

(a) advises, counsels: is he nodairlestar ar a gais it was he gave advice on account of his wisdom, Ériu iii 140.158 (= conid he roscobair tria gaes, Cymmr. xiv 116 § 17 ). dilmuin do boethuib nad nairliut gaith fools whom the wise do not advise are exempt, Laws ii 82.7 = na nairliter, O'Curry 684 (H. 3.18 p. 333). Cf. airlethfimne na hóga .i. do ghéunam leathnughadh no comhairliughadh ar na laochaibh, O'Cl. (airle). With prep. DO: is and airlestar Eithne . . . dia haitib dul doib . . . advised her fosterers, Ériu iii 140.156 (= dobreth E. iarsin comairle dia meithre, Cymmr. xiv 116 § 17 ). ? táet Lugaid chuci or Ailill ┐ ara n-airlathar dó in n-ingin and let him advise him [to accept] the girl(?), LU 5864 = taet L. chuci or siat, ┐ aranarlathar, ZCP ix 154.22 (see ad-gládathar).

(b) consults, asks advice of: airliter cumni cóich comarbai cré, LU 3474 ( SCC² § 25 `let memories be consulted to learn to which heir the land belongs'). collaa dún . . . issa ndúnad co n-airlither (.i. co n-iarfaigea) Lugaid mac Nóiss, 5991 ( TBC-I¹ 1523 ). is imbe rotairles sech na ridiribh eile, Grail 2846 . deliberates, considers: mani airlestar, TBC-I¹ 74 (`if heed is not taken of him', Faraday 5 ).

(c) takes a resolution, resolves, determines: roairlesatar Connachta . . . techtaireda ūaidib, TBC-I¹ 3098 . ? In cheville: arnamāirech doibh / for muir miadh (= mad?) airleth (: bairgedh), ZCP x 344 § 12 . tiucfa la Flann Cinach / a coimpert madh airledh (: bairgen) well has it been decided(?), § 21 . ro-airliset īerom Connachtae i comairle cid di-gēndais 'the Connachtmen then decided in council what they should do', BDC 122.282 .

(d) looks after, sees to: arndip maith nairlethar a muintir `that he care well for his household', Wb. 28b32 . nipa díless duit an í hi tái mani cáinairlither gl. si permanseris in bonitate, 5b38 . Note also: airlethar no móras gl. sed quem Dominus commendat, 17b22 (wrong interpretation of commendat?).

(e) arranges, regulates: arlifimni na hócu chena conná gébat forsin tslóg (of the Galióin), LU 4648 ( TBC-I¹ 187 ). ? dia ard airlathar / aingel indrechta, 1156 (ACC). is and ro airled ri ┐ aithech here (i.e. in the Senchas Mór) was fixed (the difference between) king and serf, ZCP xvi 175 § 2 ( Laws i 40 ). is and ro-airled dire cáich fo miad, § 3 (ib.). is i Senchas Mor ro-airletha na cetheora cána, 176 § 6 . it teora eirce airliter, Laws iii 26.17 .i. erluaidhter na teora eirce, 25 Comm. slicht eitgedh airligter, 536.3 .i. eraluaiter aisneis na eirci, z Comm. ? ni ragaid mani deib cumachtachaib / arlidir crib coternam, LL 1620 = manab dib cumachta clanntar / crib airlither cat .i. munab cumachtach sibh ar erluadh no ar urfoichill catha do cor co crib no . . . biodh urfoichill chatha co luath libh, Leb. Gab.(i) 254.7 = ni raghadh muna deibh clandtar cirb airligther cath, BB 40a54 . prescribes, decrees: bailechro a n-ifernd ro-n-airlestar Dia fri pianadh na pecdhach `which God has designed', Ériu ii 132 § 108 . nad inand airlither Dīa do gach dāen, Anecd. v 23.2 .

Note also: conidnarlaid (.i. co roairlestar) síth iar sáeth, Thes. ii 332.17 .

aithṡlicht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithṡlicht or dil.ie/2802

n ( slicht ): cen tinntudh for a.¤ .i. don conair for a seitchi not to return on the same track(?), O'Curry 1438 ( H 3.18, p. 643a ). Cf. Cóic Con. 23 § 23 .

2 ané

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ané or dil.ie/3532
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aná

(? amné, Ériu lxiv 209 ) asseverative particle stressed on second syll., see rhyming exx. below. Not found initially. As a rule serves to emphasize prec. word. Also aná. thus, therefore, so, then: ┐ a.¤ is doigh co ndeochatár drem aile fora slicht , LU 4051 . ┐ a.¤ ní lamar fuligud forrosom, 4960 (TBC). Fer Baeth a.¤ dotháet ar mo chend-sa, 6010 (TBC). is maith a.¤ in laa, 5057 (TBC). ciataim a.¤ ar loṅgais, TBC-LL¹ 874 . cid immi gabtais Ulaid uile a.¤ , 120 . an fuil a nech a.¤ ar an ath so aniugh?, ZCP x 308.9 . ar in grád ni chél a.¤ / dorat d'ingin Breg Éile, LL 7042 . senchas na tulchasa ana / re nabar co cert Cnucha, ZCP xi 41 § 7 . Loch Gili on dail sin ana (: Romra), Metr. Dinds. iv 12.25 . amein a.¤ fota co tanac, LL 278b15 . cid a.¤ or C. meic na mbachlach . . . do chomram chucum? what then? can it be that? Sc.M² § 12 . cid a.¤ cen chumachta lim-sa or ind rígan, LL 282b18 . cid a.¤ or D. in mac cleirig oc imtheacht isin domnuch?, YBL 119a13 . ni loitfider in bean . . . asin a.¤ , 138b2 . cuirfet hí tara hais ana / is cuirfe Colmán Eala, BNnÉ 181 § 38 . With advv. of direction: dia tudchaid aníar a.¤ (amne v.l.) / os chethaib fían forngaire, Metr. Dinds. iv 216.7 . dursan dam, a meic mu Dhe, | gach dāmh thainig sunn ane​, Tromd. Guaire 363 . Cf. anallana, aníarana, anúasana, thúasana, sísana, anau etc. (s.v. anall, etc.).

ántéchta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ántéchta or dil.ie/1540

adj (2 án + téchtae) splendid and fitting : antechta so ┐ cuir fein urlannacha ar in corp (marg. note), O'D. 749 ( H 3.17, c. 452) . Cf. antechta so also as marg. note in O'D. 774 (H. 3.17, c. 555); 717 (ib. 523) = ánteachta so, CIH vi 2007 n. c . consecha do cúrsachad i [n]gnímaib antechtai, LU 3500 ( SCC § 26 ). ? saige briugad bo dire berdait antechta bretha brath ond . . . .i. asé ni berait in lucht agata fir techt na mbreth co tí onn in bratha, O'D. 658 ( H 3.17, c. 489a ) (`true judgements', O'Don. Suppl.). Note also: slicht antechta so, heading of a tract dealing with regulations for giving notice before taking possession, O'D. 1654 (H. 5.15, 22a). Perh. read: s. an techta so.

ár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ár or dil.ie/3912
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: airib, airilb

n o. Orig. neut. ( ar n-Umill la gennti, AU² 813.4 , ár n-Eoganachta la Osraighi, AU² 896.6 , dia foicertar ár nGoídel by whom the slaughter of the Gaels will be proclaimed, B. in Scáil² 46 § 52 ). Note also d p. airib, which seems to be required for MS airilb gl. cladibus, Ml. 100a2 (s-inflection ?).

Slaughter, carnage; defeat, destruction: du á.¤ gl. ad cedem, Ml. 33d4 . donaib araib gl. ad strages, 34a19 . etarcnae áir mo namat gl. de cede hostium, 113b4 . co rabi cach díib i n-á.¤ a chéili, Trip.² 498 . co ralta á.¤ . . . fer n-Ērenn impe, Sc.M² 5 . Bodb iar n-áraib fora slicht , 21c . iar maidm áir chatha for Ulto .i. cath Brestini, LL 13352 . rochuirsed na treinfir sin ara aidbli (aru v.l.), TTebe 4299 . gu ro lae a.¤ daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . diar' fúabairthe isna háraib when they were cut down in the carnage, Metr. Dinds. iv 252.3 . co fargaib a.¤ daíne ┐ eathar `loss of men and ferry-boats', RC xvii 372.19 . á.¤ . . . ar na hAllmhurchaibh, DDána 97.22 . i n-á.¤ , Aithd. D. 21.34 . teidm mōr a Laignib, .i. in bolgach . . . cor ladh á.¤ daíne sechnón Laighen, RC xvii 402.6 .

In phrase á.¤ cend lit. slaughter of heads, a taking of heads , hardly difft. from ár: corro lad á.¤ cend and, LU 9606 (`a slaughter of chiefs', ZCP iii 207 ). brissis Macha in cath for maccaib Dithorba co fargaibset á.¤ cend aicce, Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280 ). cor ben a ngabala dib ┐ [. . .] á.¤ cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 . co ro fáccbadh á.¤ cend lais `a strages of heads', AFM vi 1950.26 .

Somet. in more or less concr. sense of those slain, slaughtered ones: romarbsat á.¤ a muindtiri they wrought a slaughter of his people, BColm. 72.4 . co n-erbailt issin tám thend / i torchair á.¤ fer ṅHerend, LL 14812 . mairbthair derg-á.¤ Leithe Cuind and, 299b31 . dú i torchair á.¤ Conmaicne `wherein many of the C. fell slaughtered', RC xvii 391.32 . fuaradar na hára móra ┐ na colla crōderga, ZCP xiii 244.1 . do siredar na hára co mīn (looking for the body of a certain warrior), 245.14 . Note also: ní deochaid E. dar á.¤ `the battle- field'. Metr. Dinds. iv 50.109 .

Compds. ¤-chú, ¤-mag, see separate articles. ¤-ṡlicht : an t-ársliocht oirlighthe ` slaughter-track ', ML 134.23 .

See compds.

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht , L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

ar-fogni

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-fogni or dil.ie/4116

Forms: aurgnai-, airgni-, airgnaid, airḟognaid, airḟognamaid, aurgnam

v (* air-fo-gní-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 543 ). Prot. stem aurgnai-, airgni-, etc. Later also as simple vb. airgnaid, airḟognaid, airḟognamaid.

(a) is serviceable to, ministers to, serves (folld. by direct obj. or by prep.DO): ar-fogni teach do muigh a house serves the land(?), Laws ii 404.7 Comm. = a.¤ techt do muig, 350.14 Comm. dia facba duine arafogna dia eiss `if he leaves any person behind him who was in want of his service', Laws v 318.18 . treb ocna bí usce arda-fogna `a stead which has no water to serve it', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 ( Laws iv 214 ). cach manach arda fogna mamaib gaire, O'D. 1018 (H 2.15, 18b) `ministers to, is subject to the duties', Plummer MS notes. na huili dano arufognot det muntir-si atat les ule all the arts which help thy people, RC xii 78 § 68 . im ocht mbullu ara fognat muillond, Laws i 124.17 . atait secht ngabala ara-fognad brethemnacht an betha `seven branches (of law) which serve the judicature of the world' (i.e. a person practised in them is competent to be a judge), Laws v 364.1 . segar slicht othrusa urgnaiter let it be sought out . . . let it be provided(?), iii 470.17 . techta fine noige . . . .i. tire aurfognumes ┐ nip fuillem . . . mad orpu assaid .i. mad ḟocraicc no fuillem a thiri ┐ ni fes arfognaither, O'Curry 834 (H 3.18, 381b). arfogēna cach lín a muntire, RC xxvi 44 § 229 `everyone will be in slavery with all his people', Plummer MS notes. friscommart dam talam dia n-airgenus the land which I served has injured me, ZCP xii 365.20 .

(b) prepares food, a meal: scurit and ┐ arfognat doib, LU 4661 ( TBC-I¹ 199 ). issed arfurad ┐ arfognad C. iascach ┐ enach, TBC-LL¹ 1954 . aurgnaid biad donaib ócaib prepare food for the warriors, TBFr. 93 = urgnaiger, p. 17 . érgnad cách úaib a bíad let each of you prepare his food, LU 4819 (TBC). ní mád airgénus fleid would that I had not prepared a feast, 5021 (ib.) ní airgénsat bíada dóib, 4780 (ib.) in cauradmír . . . amal ro aurgnad as it has been prepared, 8188 ( FB 13 ). ro urgnastar fleid do C., TBC-LL¹ 959 . airgníad a muintera biadh dóibh, BB 259b32 .

Note also: duba ind ḟuilse ol in liaig. dochōtar triat chridi . . . Nī argenus annīcc I cannot undertake to heal them, TBC-I¹ 2812 .

Vn. aurgnam.

Cf. for-gní.

? ar-guid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ar-guid or dil.ie/4153

v (*air-guid-) asks for, begs earnestly: ipv. sg. 2 slicht i nordain argid (= airguid) da cuic 'for the thumb demand (?) twice five séoit ' Bretha 44 § 35 . atait secht nadmand segta ce ni argesatar, Laws v 366.1 .i. cin cor firguided iat ind, 4 Comm. folongad gosein mate aragessad if it be they who request it, Anecd. iii 23.22 . Cf. argais.

ar-lúaidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-lúaidi or dil.ie/4183

v only in Laws Comm. in etymological glosses: ro hairled .i. is in Senchus ro heraluaided, Laws i 40.25 , 126.13 . it teora eirce airliter (? for airilter = inairaltar, O'Curry 833 , H. 3.18, 381ab) .i. eraluaidhter na teora eirce seo, iii 26.25. dilmain do baethaib na nairliter gaith .i. is dilmain dona baethaib mana eraluaiter gaith and, O'Curry 684 (H 3.18, 333). slicht eitgedh airligter .i. eraluaiter, Laws iii 536.35 . eraluad gl. airilliud, 10.13 . ni mor airilliud .i. uair nocha mor in torbu eraluaidter, v 250.11 . ní diles ni fona bí airille .i. nocha diles agra do neoch aní ná erluaiter aige, O'D. 547 (H 3.17, c. 436). roniatha a comal anairle .i. . . . o bias in teraluad seo sis, O'Curry 446 (H 3.18, 239a).

as-indet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-indet or dil.ie/4441
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aisnéidid, assindet, asinedat, -aisndedat, asindedar, assindethar, asindetar, aisndid, aisnid, aisneid, isnith, aisneidem, atindided, asindiset, aisnindised, asidindissed, -aisṅdius[s]a, assinde, asindisem, asindisset, asrindid, aisnéidid, faisnéidid, aisndís

v ( ess-ind-fiad-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 520 ). See GOI 394 , ZCP xxix 102 . Later also as simple vb. aisnéidid. Declares, tells, relates ( about, of DO, DE). Indic. pres. 3 s. assindet gl. explicat, Ml. 95d3 . Wb. 6a9 . is do assindetsom inso `it is for this purpose that he declares this', Wb. 19b14 . assindet a sians isindí siu, 11a18 . ní lugu asnindet lathar inna ndule do dia `not less does the disposition of the elements set forth concerning God', Ml. 42b18 . asindet (adindet MS) dond ésergu, Hib. Min. 26 § 196 . feib asindfét Círine, ZCP iii 21.6 . ni bas coitchen inso dianaisndet duaid, Ml. 54a20 . dú in asṅdét de cithara `where he speaks of the cithara', Sg. 103a1 . nir aisndet tengae no tongue can relate, Blathm. 363 . 2 pl. asnindidid (MS as nindid), Ml. 115b11 . 3 pl. asnindetat, Ml. 42b7 . asinedat, Laws v 58.2 Comm. -aisndedat, Ml. 31a19 . airmm inaisṅdethat de dubiis generibus , Sg. 70b13 . asnidet . . . seachtdealbaigh inna delmann . . . ┐ asneidet iarsaide in fogail sechtmogtaig na pian, Ériu ii 128 § 95 . asnidet donaib adamraib rúndaib `they tell of', § 93. Pass. sg. asindedar gl. inseritur, Ml. 17a9 . assindethar gl. discribitur, 90b18 . amal asṅindedar i ssoscélu `as is declared in the Gospel', Wb. 13a36 . slicht asinnither alt mog mocoire .i. is é seo dliged aisnēidhim orro, no i sloinded asronaisnēidhter aircetal, Anecd. v 23.5 . ní aisṅdedar, Ml. 119c1 . fobíthin fobenad . . . menmain iond caich día naisnedtar `to whom it was told', Mon. Tall. 127.19 . aidhid briughad dian-ḟasnetar damo fair ana tig when he is told that guests have come to his house, ZCP xiii 270.17 . Pass. pl. asindetar gl. retexuntur, Ml. 92c9 . asindattar triar .i. . . . do déna aisneis ar triar, O'Curry 1972 (H 4.22, 16).

Ipv. 2 s. aisndid gl. amplica, Ml. 70c8 . asndíth cía cruth arrálad a thabairt ass, TBFr. 328 . aisnid, 384 . aisneid, SR 3313 . isnith, LU 3331 ( SCC 12 ). 1 pl. aisneidem, LL 1269 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. atindided, Ml. 123b15 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. ? me domciallfaithar caidh iar n-eraic nairc nairc aisndei (aisṅde; aisneide, v.ll.) (.i. ernai) (B. na f.), Ériu ii 3.7 . Taken to be ipv. sg. 2 by Joseph, Ériu xl 179-80 . 3 s. ? asn ind gl. sé adserere (mistaken lit. transl. of Latin, cf. as-indiut), Ml. 23d2 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 516 ). 3 pl. asindiset gl. ut . . . explicare non ualeant, Ml. 23a19 . Subj. impf. 3 s. aisnindised, Ml. 31a22 . asidindissed, , 42b18 .

Fut. 1 s. -aisṅdius[s]a, Sg. 47a13 . 3 s. assinde, ZCP vii 483.30 (Enchir. Aug.). adgēn-sa cid ainm asind `I know what name he will tell', Ériu i 118 § 8 . See Hull, ZCP xxix 102 . 1 pl. asindisem gl. quid nos ad haec adferemus? Ml. 35a6 . 3 pl. asindisset, Ml. 45b19 . Wb. 30d8 .

Perf. 3 s. asrindid, Ml. 58a8 ; 25a10 (asrind MS). Críst as rúna rindaid `declared the mysteries of Christ', Fél. Jan. 12 . Pass. sg. as rindes gl. expresa est, Ml. 104c8 .

As simple vb. aisnéidid, faisnéidid: ní aisneidfind tria bith sír / cétmad adamra m'ardríg, SR 827 . ni aisneisea, LU 3482 ( SCC 25 ). coro aisnídem dona .vii. tuathaib rogabsat Herind rempo, LL 388 . ní aisnébet sin na senchaid dul damsa ónd orguin, BDD² 720 . ēirgidh Senchán co fert Fergusa . . . co raḟaisneide do scēlaib na Tāna dhó, ACL iii 5.6 . bid fír . . . a n-aisnédiub do tesmaltaib in ceneoil, Alex. 834 . issí a rúin ind anmannai sin no aisnided Colum cille do chách, LL 167b49 . bad lēir nosaisnēidfe dōib, Ériu vi 121 § 1 . ó ro aisnedhsem do ghabháil Ceasra cettus, Leb. Gab.(i) 190.1 . gur fhaisnéidh do Phádraic é, Keat. i 150.20 . Of the mention or non-mention of a subject in legal authorities: nochon aisneidh fuillem leo, Laws v 418.20 Comm. atait ceithri súltaig da naisneiginn in Feinechas, i 242.14 Comm.

Vn. aisndís. IGT Verbs § 83 .

balc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. balc or dil.ie/5293

Forms: bailc

adj o, ā. Later also bailc i.

I stout, strong, sturdy, firm, vigorous, powerful: b.¤ .i. calma no trom, ut est ailidh sidhe aurarsan a cét direch balca (leg. b.¤, ed.) in maic .i. is calma no is trom a inne (sic leg.) in maic ima ndergither é .i. in t-étach. Nó taidlis bo slicht (compd. ?) b.¤ (used adverbially ?) .i. tadall erca isna búaib go calma, O'Dav. 277. bailc .i. mor no calma no tren . . . ciaptar bailc a mbresa, 255 . Cf. Fél. Prol. 74. b.¤ graece balanin .i. grande , O'Mulc. 119. bailc .i. calma, Stowe Gl. 239. b.¤ .i. calma, Lec. Gl. 184. b.¤ .i. trén, neartmhar, no mór, O'Cl. Benedicht, b.¤ áge, Fél. July 11 . tescmart brait bhailc co mbuaidh (brait b.¤ , ed.) `he has saved a prey with stout victory', Blathm. 137. Indrechtach . . . / . . ., bailc baind, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 (a) . co brāth mbairnech mb.¤ , Bruchst. i 55 § 123. is bēsad na cleithe, is b.¤ oc lār, is caol oc clēit[h]e, Corm. Y 275. fer tailc tuillethan, isé bailc brádorcha, MU² 642. buidhne bailci beoda, CCath. 5367. ba balcc bríge, MacCongl. 69.13 . ben b.¤ , BS 70.z . b.¤ Belltaine / do bheir bláth sugh a sughdhosaib, IGT Decl. ex. 342.

Compar. co mbuidin ba balcu, Fél. Jan. 4 (balcdu, balccu, v.ll.). bailci, TTebe 394 .

II As subst. strength, firmness, vigour: gabsai format, fí fo bailc, ZCP xi 108 § 2. buan in b.¤ , CRR 57.

Compds. With nouns: conid mind cach maige / balccbuile (sic leg. ?) na mbard the strong one of whom the poets sing (?), IT iii 57 § 108. tri balcbemmenda Bodba, TBC-LL¹ 5984. Balcbend gilla A., LL 25078. Nabál . . . / balcbethraid os betha blá, SR 6291. ras gabastar chuci ar a balcbolgán by its stout middle (of a standard), LL 31773 ( TTr. 962 ). cotlud nā longad nī sām lam balcbrain, TBC-I¹ 1215 (rhet.). balcbriathra Bodba, TBC-LL¹ 6056. fiora betha co mbalcbrigh `with strong might', Blathm. 76. sorcha in balcbuaid, Snedg. u. Mac R § 31 . bongos fidh a balcfremaibh, Blathm. 229. ba balc-gent co mbeó-gletin, Metr. Dinds. iv 188.24 . fót co mbalcraind, Metr. Dinds. ii 20.39 . buidnib balcthoir (: altóir), SR 6882. asa mbruintis balcct[h]onna, ACL iii 218 § 6.

With adjj.: athair Bile bailc-dremhain, Leb. Gab.(i) 218.24 . ailen . . . balclan do cairibh, Stair Erc. 227. As subst. the full: balclan gelglaici C. i tacmaisi crainn gac[h]a craisigi dibh, CCath. 5307. dias . . . it é damdabcha balcremrai, BDD² 1214. ben balc-thorrach, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.36 . buidni balcthruim, LU 10882 (rhet.).

With adjj. derived from nouns: ech . . . balcceimnech balcbéimnech, LU 8667 ( FB 50 ). Balar Balcbemneach, Cóir Anm. 289. tricha bliadan balcbuidnech (sic leg.), MacCarthy 204 § 4 . a balcbullig Brég, LU 8110 ( FB 8 ). [in tarbān] . . . / bailcerblach adircech `strong-tailed', Ériu vii 6.2 .

bannae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bannae or dil.ie/5356
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bainne, bainne

n io. Later bainne.

(a) drop: ni fera cid oen banne, Thes. ii 292.14 (Ml. Poems ii). nī contesba banne ass (a vat), 348.3 (Hy. v). lir bannai ḟleochaid, SR 523. ro sūig in tairr . . . cona farcaib bannai de, Sc.M² 17. banna drúchtae, BDD² 599. banna fola, LU 8398 ( FB 27 , H). trí bainne cétmuintire: bainne fola, bainne dér, bainne aillse, Triads 126 (banda, v.ll.). bandai cormmai, Mon. Tall. 129.15 (§ 6) . isin fuil ceithri mbaindi a slight wound (?), Laws v 478.25 Comm. banni do neim, Three Hom. 24.14 . bainne don gemlóchet, ACL iii 4.28 . banna dia n-ass, RC viii 54.6 v.l. mír nō banna bite or sup, MacCongl. 23.23 . tic o adbur toitis na boindhidha `comes from matter falling in drops', Rosa Angl. 320.21 . Fig. braen bec do rath na ngrás, De Contemptu 1451 (bainde, v.l.). ? tre banna miach tortaide, LU 8888 ( FB 68 rhet.). In general sense liquor: meic beōiri, buaid mbainde, MacCongl. 33.17 . By extension: nī raibe bainni sōethae foair the slightest trace of disease, ZCP iii 227.26 . Prov. banna ría frais very little compared with what is to follow, LU 8679 ( FB 52 ). dob e-sein an bainni ria frais do Moig Luirg, Ann. Conn. 1404.5 . Cf. AFM iv 1042.3 . [ba] bainne re frais ┐ ba begán a ffail moráin gach comhlann d'ar cuireadh a bhfail an chomruicsin, ITS v 142.10 .

As pseudo-n. pr. Húan ┐ Broen ┐ Banna (three cupbearers), BDD² 1154.

(b) Med. pustule: pituita id est cailech uel banni rúaid 'dark-red pustules', GDH 101 . baindedha ┐ algada an bhéil, O'Gr. Cat. 199.1. slicht na mbaindidedh on bolguig, Rosa Angl. 314.21 . baindi bec dubh, 28.11 . b.¤ aillse running ulcer, see aillsiu.

(c) milk (always bainne): b.¤ gl. lac, Ir. Gl. 966. bainde cích gl. nuptie, 326 . as .i. b.¤ , O'Cl. uachtair báinne (sic) cream, LL 18190. bó b.¤ a milch cow, Laws ii 176.17 Comm. baindi goirt, O'Gr. Cat. 193.1. ré leinibh do beathuighear re b.¤ , Donlevy vi.y . b.¤ almont see almont.

1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

bíast, béist

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíast, béist or dil.ie/5830

Forms: píast, péist, best, béist, biastae, biasta, béssti, biastai, besti, biasta, biast, béstib, péisd, béisd, best

n f. (Lat. bestia). Also píast, péist q.v. n s. best, Sg. 37b6 . béist, PH 7204. g s. na biastae , Fél.² Ep. 472 , na biasta , PH 7223. n pl. béssti, Wb. 31b21 . biastai, Ériu ii 104 § 15. a pl. besti, Thes. i 4.31 . g pl. biasta, Ml. 121d8 , SR 892 , biast, LU 2157. d pl. béstib, PH 7201. péisd béisd f., IGT Decl. § 43.

(Wild) beast, monster (on applications see píast): bēist a bestia (beistia, MS.), Corm. Y 106. béssti olca doesmet fuili gl. malae bestiae, Wb. 31b21 . best gl. ferus, Sg. 37b6 . ní frí de biid foindel inna mbiasta gl. peruagatio bestiarum, Ml. 121d8 . ro láithea for bíastaib they were thrown to wild beasts, Fél. Prol. 41. fochairt . . . allaili m-beasti n-uathmair (huathmar, MS.) amail leoman `encountered some dreadful beast', RC xi 446.1 . (of a wild boar) donti dotraethfadh in bést bithgranda bedgnimach sin, ZCP vi 279.18 . búithreadh na mbiasd n-uaithbhéalda `brutes', TD 4.33 . Of fabulous monsters, dragons, water-monsters, etc.: roattaig in beist Brenaind . . . frisin beist ole `the monster besought B. . . . against the other beast', Thes. ii 335.19 (Hy. v Comm.). cenglais uad in beist . . slicht na biasta, Fél. 90.35 , 37 . luid cosin ṁbéist, ba bidg baeth, RC xxiii 304 § 3 ( LL 4008 ). gaibthi in béist assind uisci, TBFr. 229. conos-tarla i mmuir . . . ┐ nocon-faccatar biastai na hanmannai and eter na carrce, RC x 54. 6 ( LU 1884 ). cenn na biasta (piasta, v.l.), Ériu xvi 36.41 . (of magical monstrous cat) in beis[t], LU 8765 , 8766 ( FB 57 ). (of a dragon) ni ro an don beist co nderna aighedha fogalta feolscaeilti di, Grail 2040 . srotha tened . . . a belu na biasta, PH 7235. Míchéal thall ro bhuail an mbéisd, Dán Dé xxvi 56 = IGT Introd. § 63. tug tú do bhreith ar bhíasdaibh / crú re slíasdaibh eich ésgaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1225. cuili, biasta, brecnata vermin , SR 3934. bēist ass andsam robói i nHērinn in Cet, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 3 ( LL 14309 ). nocht do bhrataigh 'na biasd sróill (of a battle-standard), SGS iv 138 § 6.

Compd. in mbiast-chat ( a s.) monster-cat , BNnÉ 77 § 146 .

bólacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bólacht or dil.ie/6339

n (bó + lacht, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 161 - 162 . Cf. bó-ṡlicht s. bó-) stock of cattle : b.¤ bleacht . . . ar shliabh, O'Gr. Cat. 612.x . gidh bleacht ár mb.¤ , Keat. Poems 147. as do bh.¤ ná bí teann, Dánfhocail 38 . gárda ar dteach, ar mban 's ar mb.¤ , O'Rah. 50.7.

bóthar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bóthar or dil.ie/6440
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: báthar

n o. See O'Rahilly, Celtica i 160 , Richards, Lochlann ii 130 . Études Celt. xxx 172 . b.¤ báthar m., IGT Decl. § 53. track, road (lit. `cow- passage', O'Rahilly loc. cit.): bothor tra .i. talla dí boin. alanæ for fot araile for tarsnae, Corm. 38 s.v. rot = Corm. Y 1082. rod ímfeagna, no bothar, Laws iv 144.14 Comm. bothar coitcinn ceathra, O'Curry 290 (H. 3.18, 159). ar slicht in tṡlúaig ┐ i n-iṅgenbóthur na tánad `along the road beaten out by the hooves of the cattle', TBC-LL² 4106 . sin bothur eter da Mag, LL 26032 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 286.7 ). gur fhágaibh gach bó aga buaile, ┐ gach bruid aga b.¤ , ML 88.34 . dúnadh daingean . . . ar bhearnadhaibh bheag-bhothair (fig. of an impregnable fighting force), 112.30 . triobhas buid an bhóthuir bhrealluigh, IGT Decl. ex. 667. do-rinne a thásc láib do na bóithribh, Keat. Poems 165. ar achaidhibh ná ar bóithribh, Hackett xxvi 17 . bó bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Common in nn. loc. (see Hog. Onom.): B. na Mias `Road of the Dishes' (between Durlus and Buirren), Keat. iii 1034. an B. Mór a ccomhghar Cnámhchoille, ┐ Tioprat Arann (` i.e. . . . the old road leading from Tipperary to Cashel,' n. x), AFM v 1578.19 .

breó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breó or dil.ie/6725
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: breö, bréo

n d, f., also m. n s. breö (disyll.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25.9 , bréo (monosyll.), Fél. April 15 . flame lit. and fig.; very frequ. of saints, heroes, etc. in complimentary sense: inna briad gránna gl. piræ . . . diræ, Lib. Hymn. i 34 n.24 . breo .i. lasair, Thr. Ir. Gl. 131 s.v. primda ( Fél. April 15 ). bréo .i. teine no lasair, O'Cl. breo di thein, LL 18143. is bréo do loscud (hell), LU 2448. in tech ina thuir trichemrūaid ┐ ina briaid adbulmōir `a huge blaze', MacCongl. 105.3 . breo taitnemach amail caindil, Laws i 142.z Comm. cóic cét déc do breoaib tened, Alex. 702. cathair Ch. do loisc sain / dá thoisc gur bris na breoghaib, Caithr. Thoirdh. 33.36 . ro mheabhaidh na bairilledha ina naén b.¤ lasrach `burst into one blazing flame', AFM vi 2012.8 . In phr. b.¤ t(h)ulcha lit. fire on a hill-top , see 1 tulach I (b), oft. simply large fire. Of burning as punishment for unchastity (cf. nach ingen dogníd buís . . . no breotha, PMLA lvi 941.20 = LL 37043 ): donither . . . bréo tulcha don merdrig iarsin `a hill-fire', Fél. 98.32 . Note further: breo tulcha do denum . . . ina tusmit do genib toratharduib . . . d'uililoscud, CCath. 943. bogeb-sa br[e]ó thelcha tend. / nom loiscc eter chend is choiss, LL 29549 (taken as bró quern, Ériu vii 223 § 34 ).

Fig. Patraicc . . . / breō batses genti `a flame that baptized heathen', Thes. ii 322.5 (Hy. iii). Brigit . . . / breō órde óiblech, 325.15 (Hy. iv). a Stefan . . . a b.¤ náob `O Stephen . . . holy fire', Mon. Tall. 131.16 . b.¤ digla / drech curad (of Lóegaire) (rhetoric), LU 8610 ( FB 46 ). mo siur mo brathair beó (sc. Brigit ┐ Fintan) / ana da (sic leg.) b.¤ fri cech ró, LL 4764. Barra bréo n-eccna `a flame of wisdom', ZCP i 64 § 73. Findachta . . . / breo chet ninsi, IT iii 14 § 29. ān breō cin brēthir mbraisi `a glorious flame' (of a hero), Ériu ii 16 § 7. in brēo bāgach / in glēo gnimach (sc. Crimthann), RC xxxvi 262 § 3. brëo fri brūach `a blaze' (of a shield), Ériu xx 192 § 1. bréo neime 'a lethal fire', BDC 132.438 (of a boulder)​. a bhreo (: cheo) dearg (to Aodh Óg), DDána 110.51 . bréo ar bhfírfheirge `the flame of our indignation', Studies 1921, 589 § 5 . (B. na f.) ac proceapt na mbréo (of a devout person who attends religious worship), ZCP v 486 § 8. co rē na mbréou ┐ Aoda Dorndine (= Oirdnide, ed.) (? B. na F.), viii 103.6 = co haimsir na næmh ┐ Aeda Oirdnidi, Ériu ii 186.24 .

In cheville: breō do rath, Ériu vi 122 § 13.

Compds. With nouns. slicht cen breobail `without flaw (?),' Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 1. teine do bhreóghabhail isna bairillibh púdair `flared up', Hugh Roe² 306.25 . brogsat brudni breogaili, RC xxii 395.15 ( BDD 69 Appendix). 'na breólasair `like a bright flame', Studies 1923, 422 § 5 . ionann . . . Brighid ┐ breo-shaighead .i. saighead teine, Keat. iii 765 . (n. pr. f.) cona mnai Breóthigirnd, LU 10953. breo thuair, etymol. gl. on brāthair, Laws ii 346.14 Comm. With adj. a Loegairi . . . a bethir breóderg, LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). With verbs. ní do bhreoghoin Seon `wounded J. sorely', Ó Bruad. iii 128.9 . breoagit (= āgit ?) .i. immeclaigit they fear as one fears fire (?) (`etymology' of Brigit), Thes. ii 325.28 . Brigit .i. breosaigit `they flame-seek', 327.18 .

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