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clúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clúas or dil.ie/9627

 

n ā, f. Note also: a s. nī fiu c.¤ , Hail Brigit 14 ( LL 7200 ). nicon fíu cluais, Ériu xiii 44.17 . d s. see Wb. 23c2 below. Vn. of ro-cluinethar.

(a) act of hearing : is hed ón as maith lessom do chluas `to hear', Wb. 23c2 . ni cen mu chluais `not without hearing me', Ml. 130b11 . c.¤ a dūan do theṅgthaib bard `the sound of songs heard there from the tongues of bards', Hail Brigit 9 ( LL 7181 ). nach óin . . . noda-comallfa iarna cluais, Ériu ii 202 § 19 (iarna cloisdin, v.l.). a cubhaid techt . . . do aithne fria cluais to recognise by ear, xiii 44.3 . an ffil tomhus forsan mbairdne? fil égin tomhus fri cluais, 43.24 . an t-iad cluaisi do radh riu for the ear (of a metrical device), Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 95, 70b7 . atbélat fir la clúaiss ṅgléssa dóib `when they hear them tune their harps' (Gloss.), TBFr. 121 . cluás .i. cluinsin, ut est: ba bronach in teghlach oca cluais, Ériu xiii 68 § 88 . H. an anam og a cluais, Aisl. Tond. 96 § 2 . ? bodar a pudore .i. lind cluas, O'Mulc. 163 .

(b) sense of hearing : na tri búada .i. búaid clúaisse ┐ buaid rodairc ┐ buaid n-airdmiusa, LU 6893 ( BDD 49 ). di clūais mo dhá ó nō di rusc mo dá ṡú[i]l, ZCP vi 258.15 .

(c) More frequently, ear : an rochluinemmar hua chluasaib, Ml. 112b13 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu `through his putting the ears for the whole body' (ref. to aures autem perfecisti mihi), 60b16 . cluasa Dǽ diar n-eitsecht, 24a18 . citabiat chlúasa `which ears perceive', Sg. 3a1 . Crīst hi cech clūais rodomchloathar, Thes. ii 358.2 (Patrick's Hy.). gabais buidhre a ccluasa, Blathm. 96 § 21 . na cluasasa nicon tairbertar fri ceolu talman `these ears are not lent to earthly music', Mon. Tall. 131.31 (§ 10) . ti[n]dnacul cluaise di araili `das Weitergeben von einem Gehör ans andere', ZCP xvi 175 § 1 (= Laws i 30.25 ). cluas la Feine tidnachar .i. bith do ac eistecht a tidnacuil o cluais, Laws v 498.2 and 14 Comm. isuide dodnidnaig cluais do cluais do comceniuil, iv 286.1 ( cluais .i. gleḟis ind fir seod a gleḟis ind ḟir ele, 290.10 Comm. ). tobertatar . . . luibe . . . ina cluasa, Ériu xvi 36 § 4 . imm ó glossed: im chluais, IT i 162.2 . mo chuib asa hó .i. mo chu asa cluaís, 163.2 . bruit cluasaib cluinethar, 68.5 ( LMU 2 ). baile bél. líth cluaisi. airfidedh menman, tuarusdol n-úadh, Ériu xiii 38.30 . cluas deas droch n-egna, 35.x . dona cluassaib gl. auribus, Gild. Lor. 113 . ber lat mo chomrama it chlúais, / co farcba i llebraib dar th'éis, LL 6127 . rob diubla os derbhḟine rob comroma i clúais, 385c16 . o ríg na cét cluas comlán, 25463 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 162.6 ) (cf. ¤clúastae). biaidh mise ┐ tusa clúas ar chlúais .i. ar chlúasaibh a chéile `by the ears' (i.e. in conflict), Atlantis iv 200.11 - 12 . i n-éisteacht cluaise (in auditu auris), TSh. 10844 . dith cluaise ┐ iorbaill ort, Luc. Fid. 5038 . In pn sobriquet: Uáter a Búrc . . . dia ngoirthi cluas le doininn, AFM v 1648.2 .

Fig. in phr. c.¤ cridi: do choimrid mo chride c.¤ in ardrach ṅguba, LL 14381 (rhet.) (= Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.13 ). gabaid mo thimna ┐ mforcedulsa chucaib o chluais bar cride. LB 123a19 . co nach edat cluassa na cride . . . a coistecht, PH 84 .

In Luc. Fid. in various ejaculatory phrr. all apparently meaning yield, acknowledge yourself beaten (perh. orig. give ear): labhair, no dhamhsa an chluas ! Luc. Fid. 4928 . freagair, no tabhair uait an chluas!, 5077 . freagair, freagair! Ni thig leat! Íoc an chluas!, 5104 . cluas, cluas!, 5017 . a leith an chluas!, 5121 . labhair, labhair! ar so ata an chluas, 5088 . Cf. nir bheag, da ttugtha, amhuil ghealluis, dhamh an chluas iar mbeith dhuit claoidhte, 5166 .

(e) By extension: some projection

(i) of a shoe, perh. leather side-pieces: ag ithe na mbróg . . . óir duaidh sé a gcluasa ┐ a n-ialla, SG 3.y

(ii) of an axe: cailech .i. cluas, ut est gall-biail . . . cona dib dubhchailchib .i. cona dib cluasaib ┐ cona sruibh .i. na cluasa ichtaracha, O'Dav. 532 .

(iii) of a turf-spade: sleaghán dá chluas, O'Rah. 290.15 .

Compds. With noun or vn.: gur beanustar claidem C. i cluasaidlind cathbairr a chomalta ear-piece(?), MR 298.x . Fer Gair . . . fri reilforcsin / Fer Lee fri cluaiscoistecht, RC xxii 394.28 . amhuil clúasfháinne óir, Proverbs xxv 12 . smit .i. cluas gnó .i. cuidbhiudh lit. ear-mockery , Ériu xiii 48.11 . le ciontaibh na healta ag ar dalladh a gcluastuigse `ear-sense', Ó Bruad. iii 164.1 .

With adj. gadhar cluais-dhearg, Oss. iv 248.11 . att clúaslethan with wide flaps, ear-pieces(?), ZCP xiii 168.11 . ?arna ciorrbadh . . . d'uighibh claidemh cluasleathan `mit den Stichen breitohriger Schwerter', xiv 236.14 (perh. for claslethan). Oillill Ólom .i. cluaslom crop-eared, Keat. ii 4377 .

do-éccai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-éccai or dil.ie/17520

 

Forms: domfecisi, décce, déiccesiu, deicci, déca, décca, décad, decad, décith, décaid, décidsi, déccid, déccu, doréccu, decim, déice, donn-éicci, doécai, da-n-écai, doséccai, da-n-eici, dosnécce, doḟécai, doféccai, doféce, ní déci, non-déca, décaid, doecet, defécet, ndonécad, du-sn-éced, doécitis, ndoecius, ndercar, ndadercaither-su, denecaither-su, do-n-échnagtar, donḟechutar, dercither, nomdercædar, decamar, nodécced, do-n-écucus-sa, duéci(gi)gi, ndercachad, doreccacha, do-recacha, derecacha, doreccacha, dosnécacha, danecachae, forrécacha, -derecaigi, condadercacha, condercachai, condercachae, rodéc, rodéccai, doréice, condofecca, deiccis, dorecachtar, dorecatar, do-sn-éctar, doécastar, duécastar, deccastar, dechastair, tecasta, déicsiu

v (* dí-in-ci-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 489 ) Ipv. 2 s. domfecisi, LU 1503 . décce, Wb. 10c20 . déiccesiu, 31b19 . deicci, Corm. Y 512 ; LL 286a33 . déca, TBC-I¹ 55 . décca, 3101 . 3 s. décad, Wb. 18b6 . na decad , 23c16 . 2 pl. décith, Wb. 20c18 . décaid, Ml. 55c1 ; TBC-I¹ 1463 . décidsi, LU 1470 . déccid, Metr. Dinds. ii 36 . Indic. pres. 1 s. ni déccu , Wb. 24a13 . doréccu (perfective), LL 49b15 . decim, LL 186b7 ( RC xxvi 14 § 3 ) (?). 2 s. nach déice , ZCP viii 218 . 3 s. donn-éicci, Wb. 9a4 . doécai, Ml. 61a8 . da-n-écai, TBC-I¹ 1511 . doséccai, 1586 . da-n-eici, 2770 . dosnécce, 41 ; Corm. Y 149 . doḟécai, LU 1706 . doféccai, LL 122b10 . doféce, ZCP xi 93 § 22 . ní déci, Ml. 69a16 . non-déca, Anecd. ii 12 . 2 pl. cid na décaid , Fél. Prol. 201 . 3 pl. doecet, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91 ) = defécet, Ha. 5280 (p. ix) . Impf. 3 s. a ndonécad , Imr. Brain 2 . du-sn-éced, 61 . 3 pl. doécitis, ib.

Subj. pres. (some of the perfective forms may belong to 1 dercaid, q.v.) 1 s.? co ndoecius , RC xii 100 . co ndercar , TBFr. 321 . 2 s. (dep.) dia ndadercaither-su , Ml. 102b10 . denecaither-su (= donec.), 73c11 . cia do-n-échnagtar , SG 78.10 Eg. = donḟechutar, LB 260b30 . ni dercither , Ériu i 200 . 3 s. nomdercædar, Hy. vii 66 (rodomdecadar, v.l.). 1 pl. mani decamar , Sg. 26b9 . Impf. 3 s. nodécced, Metr. Dinds. iii 28 . Fut. 1 s. do-n-écucus-sa, LU 1490 (= donecuchus-sa, 1431 ). 3 s. duéci(gi)gi, Ml. 111c31 . Condit. 3 s. nácha ndercachad , LU 1537 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. doreccacha, TBC-I¹ 3109 . 3 s. do-recacha, LU 9758 . BDD 109 . derecacha, RC xii 100 . doreccacha, TBC-I¹ 3107 . dosnécacha, LU 1715 . danecachae, RC xi 446 ( LL 117a ). forrécacha, TBC-LL¹ 215 ( forréccaig, 5041 ). -derecaigi, Irish Texts i 13 § 40 (sic MS., see Ir. Hist. Stud. i 352 ). condadercacha, BDD 71 . condercachai, 6 . condercachae, IT ii 181.11 . rodéc, SR 6685 . rodéccai (perfective pres.?), 1069 . doréice, LL 231b1 . condofecca, BB 398a1 . deiccis, LL 34a41 . 3 pl. dorecachtar, Ml. 53b11 . dorecatar, 53d17 .

Pass pres. pl. do-sn-éctar, ACL iii 298 . Subj. pres. s. doécastar, Sg. 188a6 . duécastar, Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 239 ). deccastar, Trip.² 2537 . dechastair, Cog. 154.21 .

? Vbl. of necess. ar dered lai is tecasta `will be seen', Cog. 190.15 .

Vn. déicsiu.

Looks at, beholds, sees: gl. vidēre, Wb. 20c18 , aspicere, Ml. 102b10 . respicere, 73c11 .

(a) Trans. with accus.: Crist hi cech rusc nomdercædar, Hy. vii 66 ( Thes. ii 358 ). do-nn-éicci súil sochude beholds us, Wb. 9a4 . domrecacha súil féig, BDD 109 . dos-eccai Medb a ndis gazes at the pair of them, TBC-I¹ 1586 . doḟécai B. na firu, RC ix 476 ( LU 1706 ). tocaib mo malaig . . . co ndoecius an fer, RC xii 100 . nach fer díb do-n-écucus-sa, at-bélat a béoil, MU² 976 . dia nda-dercaithersu, atbēlat som gl. si eos aspicias, Ml. 102b10 . meilid [in file] smit ind aue . . . ┐ doecce (doécci, LB) in duine, Corm. Y 149 (`dies', Corm. Tr. s.v. bri ). nís-n-aiccilled . . . acht dusn-éced nammá, Imr. Brain § 61 . da-n-éci co anmín looks at him, LL 117b27 . do-sn-écacha talmaidiu, RC ix 478 . arnácha ndercachad a hernochta, MU² 1042 . ō do-sn-éc(h)tar ina ndālaib when they are seen in their assemblies, ACL iii 298 . doreccacha uaim in mag, TBC-I¹ 3109 , cf. 3107 . condercachæ huath in n-inis, IT ii1 181 . doféccai secha a gabair, LL 112b10 ( RC iii 184 ). no-s-déccai in rí sechae, 282b21 ( GJ iv 216 ). Transf. of mental action: décith anroscribius dúib, Wb. 20c18 . mani decamar sain-folad cacha rainne gl. nisi . . . attendamus, Sg. 26b9 . With subord. clause as obj.: ní déci as nDia . . ., Ml. 69a16 . intí duécigi is ar trocairi . . ., 111c13 . doécastar imbí hinun . . . it shall be seen whether, Sg. 188a6 . duécastar dús in étar . . ., Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 239 ). ? deccastar nach ordnidi | dia chined, Trip.² 2537 . In ipv. somet. with LA + refl. pron. (cf. similar use with déchaid, fégaid): décce lat Corintiu et genti, Wb. 10c20 . dúnta for nduan décid lib consider the closing of your poems, Auraic. 2183 . With DO + pron. expressing dat. ethicus: décaid dún a m-maig survey the plain for us, TBC-I¹ 1463 . décai damsa cobbia mo ḟechtus see how my hosting will turn out, 41 . déca dúnd indat . . ., 3101 .

(b) Intrans. looks, gazes: ní déccu darmm' ési I look not behind me, Wb. 24a13 . a ndonécad tar a éissi, Imr. Brain § 2 . doécai ind inmedónach gl. introspicit, Ml. 61a8 . dorecacha Patraic dochum nimi, RC vi 164 . rodéc suas sech in mbrat, Ériu iv 104 . ni ḟail nodécced dia lár there is none who could look to its bottom, Metr. Dinds. iii 28 . Folld. by FOR: co ndercachai forsin forless, BDD 6 . forrécacha Medb furri, TBC-LL¹ 215 . ba degrach rodéc immach . . . forsin ríg, SR 6685 . matan cetshamain i Maenmaig acht na radeicci for Darmag `but so that he goes not over' (lit. provided he does not look at? Prerogative of k. of Connacht), Leb. Cert. 4 ( Lec. 371a43 ). Folld. by I N- in sense of fris-acci hopes in: is in Dia dorecatar, ní intiu fesin, Ml. 53d17 ; 53b11 .

1 foirrgid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 foirrgid or dil.ie/22994
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: nachamforraig, forrgot, foirrgea, nam-forgea, fo-drorraig, fod-rorraich, forraig, forragar

v (cf. 1 forrach, ? fo-oirg). Treated as a compd. in some passages, but the original form is uncertain. ipv. 2 s. nachamforraig, TBC-I¹ 1384 ( LU 5855 ; 5860 ). 3 pl. is dedbir doib ci forrgot , Thes. i 714.14 . subj. pres. 3 s. ar na foirrgea , Laws iv 124.17 Comm. 2 sg. dia nam-forgea , LU 5860 ( TBC-I¹ 1391 ). pret. and perf. 3 s. fo-drorraig, LL 132b44 . fod-rorraich, 132a40 , b28 (poems by Flann Mainistrech). ro forraig , 222b25 . 205b20 .

Presses hard, bears down, overpowers , often (but not necessarily) with notion of undue or wrongful aggression : ... geib do sciath | cosin oen fer forges cach, Cog. 122.2 . iss ass ra ḟorrged Cu Chulaind cach caur ... condriced friss TBC-LL¹ 3765 . ros-foirrghedh fira (= firu) Acall. 1589 . naenbar ... foirrged in cuinged, 1590 . cethir braithir ... forraigtis forlond they used to overcome superior force Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 27 (= Rawl. 118b51 ). fodrorraich forlond, LL 132b28 . i F. rofoirged (v.l. roforred, roforded, do foirrgead), Metr. Dinds. iii 72.90 . smetrach .i. smit forrach .i. co forrgidis neach, Auraic. 1332 (etym. expl. of brimon smetrach). ni ro mathius a olc do thrén | ┐ nir ḟorrgius fortren, LL 149b42 (= nir airges edren, YBL 173a31 . SG 70 ). int ársid ro forraig iarthar in betha, YBL 222b25 ( TTr. 399 ). occ diobhragadh ... a ccaor ... go ffoirrgitis na fiora don taobh araill don abhainn wrought havoc among (of cannon-balls) Hugh Roe f. 17b . clith ... torum na rom-forrgi fuacht no tess, MacCongl. 29.25 . uacht na haba fodrorraig, LL 132b44 . dorignius neim dó ... do forraig rig na saersluag, RC xxiii 428 . ramḟorraig ferg, TFerbe 539 . is é int art ... forrges gail who overcomes valour (? by valour) TBC-LL¹ 5406 . Fiachu fairged gail, RC vii 290.7 ( LL 206b4 ). o bhas Find rofoirgeadh gail ZCP xi 44 § 51 . ite folaid ḟirflaitheman ... ┐ niis-forge goi ná ecin na forniurt, Laws iv 334 ( Críth G. 526 ; 'he cannot violate them by falsity or violence' Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi (C) 16.303 ; he shall not violate them ?). Pass. laech cach fer co forragar (? = every man is a hero till he finds his match) ZCP iv 468 § 14 . forrgither ... é ó chnedaib he succumbs to his wounds Metr. Dinds. iv 330 . mor fer ... ro foirrgit co forranach tre imforcraidh in eccomlainn, CCath. 6021 . as mō ro fairrgit sluagh C., 5682 . go ro foirrgitt an fiallach ...don chloichthreas, AFM vi 1982.6 . gur foirrgit fir ┐ gur leonaid laoich, ML² 262 (= gur foirdheargadh fir, ML 18.13 ). Rarely intrans. with FRI: for-raig friu Líndmaine co mbair 'Linnmuine bears down on them with anger', Aided Echach 100 § 4(u) . ise nad forraich fri neach, Ériu v 240 . See forrach and forrachta.

1 forrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 forrach or dil.ie/23847
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (for-rig, Ériu xix 51 ) the act of oppressing, overpowering, subduing: farrach no forrach .i. foirneart, O'Cl. sel for sáethar ná bad f.¤ exhausting ZCP v 497 § 10 . ba farrach dāib re fulang an brēntatu, TTebe 4851 . i F. rofoirged ... fuair f.¤ i F. `was smitten ... met destruction' Metr. Dinds. iii 72z . fuair farrach a láime in láich | Daire Barrach, LL 49a41 . go ffuair Oisin a f.¤ | i n-iomairg ón allmharrach, Duan. F. i 18.2 . co raibhe f.¤ fir da foighren tre dhaingen na luirighe ... don leath araill `as much as would kill a man' (?) MR 286.3 (2 forrach ?). ná leic ... aincreitmhigh diar bforrachne !, Marco P. 8 . gabhaim re hais th'orrach-sa `I undertake to crush you' Content. xxii 23 . boí in cotlud oca f.¤ frisin ceol overpowering them LL 3a3 . in taemad oca mbādad ┐ aga f.¤ anīs, Aen. 259 . odconairc Aenias D. do f.¤ do A., 1116 ( Aeneid v 460 ). odconnaic sé Conghal aga ḟ.¤ `when he saw C. pressed hard (?) ' ITS v 96.13 . ro ghaph ag f.¤ Conghail isin chomhlann, 142.15 . ata ... an íota gom f.¤ , Duan. F. 24.6 . ag farrach ┐ ac feoilgerradh mo muindtiri ZCP vi 100.28 . ó ro airigh N. ... na Gaill oga ff.¤ when N. perceived that the English were being worsted Hugh Roe 290.26 (f. 76b) . aga fforach ┐ acca ffírlenmhain, AFM vi 2318.1 . dodechaid f.¤ do L. (`L. succomba' [?] RC xliii 92 § 93 (the meaning is doubtful here). Of a person: in comlunn cēd ┐ in f.¤ sochaidi ib. f.¤ .i. rigi ... no smetrach .i. smit forrach .i. co forrgidis neach, Auraic. 1330 (etym. of brimon smetrach), cf. 3 forrach. f.¤ n-indligid, O'Curry 1690 might from the context belong to for-rig, see forrecht.

See 1 foirrgid.

1 mér

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mér or dil.ie/31983
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: mér, meraib, meóir, meór, méra, mér

n o, m., n d. in da mér , Thes. ii 249.11 (Sg. Incant.). d p. meraib, 245.37 (Cambr. Hom). mér o, m., IGT Dec. § 61 , g s. meóir, d s. meór, n a p. na méra (but: trí méra is meóir énlámha, ex. 1472 ), g p. mér.

A digit, finger ; m.¤ coise a toe. mer laime, gl. digitus, Ir. Gl. 465. mer coisi, gl. articulus, 466 . na mera, gl. digitos, Gild. Lor. 167. dona .x. meraib, ib. 169 . remithir dóit láma neich aile cach mér día méraib, FB 91. ar barr gach meoir da meraibh, CF 213. cona méur (= digito), Lat. Lives 29. domrimart . . . co n-óenmeór isin richis, LU 9453. in gai ro bai for a meor, Aen. 2131. secht meóir cechtar a dá choss. secht meóir cechtar a dá lám, LU 6550 = TBC-I¹ 2034 , TBC-LL¹ 2723. ro in[ṡ]orchaigset a chúic meúir in mag, Trip. 126.11 = a chuicc mer, Lat. Lives 17. a tri mēir in Dūileamain . . . atāt ōs mo mullach, ZCP xiii 179.12 . is bec naro chomraicset mera a choss (of two opposing hosts), TFerbe 329 . cumad mera na cos amuil mera na lam, Laws iii 350.14 . forácaib folliucht a mer forsan ailig, PH 6353. ata slícht a meor indti, BCC § 122. Used as measure: tri duirnn ┐ da mer a fada, RC xviii 32.30 , cf. AFM ii 996.10 . tri meir a tiget, Laws ii 238.16 . cia tiget na saille? Tri meoir, LB 260b19 . Cf. O'Dav. 807. gurab écen m.¤ dot mūnad ind-airecd may a finger be needed to point thee out in the assembly (= mayst thou be an object of scorn), Fél. 96.15 (cf. Lat. monstrare digito). gurab eiccin meur fair . . . inn aireacht dia mūnadh, BNnÉ 305 § 19. múinidh sé le n-a mhéuruibh (of a graceless person), Proverbs vi 13. cuir do mher id bheul, Luc. Fid. 388.3 (a sign of discomfiture, cf. colloquial Eng. `put your finger in your eye'). Specifically of the thumb : gabais iarom a mér ina bēolu, RC xxv 344 § 1 (cf. dobert Finn a hordain ina bēolo, RC xxv 348 § 4 ). meilid smit ind aue iter a dā mer, Corm. Y § 149 .

ingen ar méraib `the nail on the fingers', legal term denoting the lowest division of `fine' or family-group , Laws iv 282.19 ; 286.1 . ranntair óthá athair . . . for cúlo ┐ frithrusc a frithisi coruici ingen-ar-méraibh, Ériu i 215.17 . co hua ┐ iarmu . . . co ingin ar meraib, vii 166.14 .

Compds. With adj. follg., with — fingers, — fingered: ¤chrom(m) crooked-fingered ; as sobriquet: Eogan Mérchrom a quo Cenél Mérchroim, ZCP viii 328.31 , cf. LL 347c44 . ¤ḟota long-fingered (-toed): cuilen merfota, IT iii 72 § 29. ¤gel: on mnaoi mérghil, ZCP viii 109 § 8. ¤ṡeng slender-fingered , freq. epithet of noble persons: Mercuur merseng, BB 412a14 . in méirṡeang mín, ZCP viii 229.14 . ingen Máine mérṡeing, Metr. Dinds. iv 4. don mhnai mhéirshing, SG 68.41 . días méirseng, Ériu ii 164.7 .

In Mod.Ir. such compds. are occas. formed with meór-, meóir-: meoradhbhaill, Ó Bruad. iii 48 § 10 v.l. meoirliosta ` hand-sluggish ', 92.7 .

neimthes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimthes or dil.ie/33054

 

Forms: nemthusa

n u, m. (< neimed?).

I Social or professional status or privileges, qualifications? cach nemthas nār [a nar v.l.] `every noble privilege', O'Dav. 1290. midither mind nemthesa nāir `a diadem of noble privilege', 1220 . nach duine las nā bi fosulgud, ni bi nemthes fuiririud lais `no person who has not power of releasing has privilege of binding' (?), Laws ii 122.18 . dith nemthiussa filed, ZCP xv 334 § 26 (i.e. forfeiture of his privileged position). (pl.) a tri nemtigter nemthusa filedh, tenm laegda, imus forosnad, dicedul du cennaib, Laws v 56.22 Comm. (quoted from the Bretha Neimed). neimtheas egulsa `privilege of church-lands', SG 79.2 . co nemtesuibh nemed tromuib, Nero A vii p. 145a ( O'D. 2210 ). is a nemtesaib doecclamar cach direch dana, ib. f. 143a-b ( O'D. 2207 ). Fig. ni haos nennta nemtesa (leg. nemthes?) `it is not the age of nettles that gives them venom' (i.e. their characteristic qualification, the power of stinging), Laws iv 376.21 (legal maxim).

Of chattels, etc., perh. valuation: ech tuaithi ┐ ech sliastai rig is inann nemthes fil forru, H 3.18 p. 373-4 ( O'Curry 808 ). Cf. trian dire neimthusa cathracha fáis `a third of the "dire" of the "n." of an empty church', Laws v 120.4 Comm. on text dealing with `cella' not entitled to `díre' through non-fulfilment of their duties; acc. to the Comm. by `cell' is understood the erenagh (airchinnech) of the church.

II In the follg. exx. neimthes (neimthius) seems to be used of the power which the `filid' possessed of punishing those who refused their demands with degradation or loss of social status. brimon [briamon, LB] smetrach .i. ainm nemthiusa [nemtheossa, LB] dogniat filid im nech atatoing .i. meilid smit ind aue iter a dā mer ┐ doecce in duine ima ndene nemt[h]ess. Fīrmod sin, amail is fri duine anechta[i]r ata in ball sin, sic is fri daoine anechtair ata in duine se, Corm. Y 149 ; transld. in Corm. Tr. 22 `the name of an operation which poets perform on a person who refuses them [aught]'; perh. rather the name of the power (privilege) which the `filid' exercise in the case of a person, etc. , the `neimthes' being in such cases expressed by a symbolic action, the `briamon smetrach'. Cf. the gloss on `briamon smetrach' in LL 187a-b (quoted RC xxvi 55 ): .i. cles briatharda sin dognitís ind ḟilid .i. cenéle nemthiusa insin .i. smitt a cluasi do gabáil inna láim; amal ná fil cnáim andsin is amlaid nā fil enech nó nert acontí écnaiges in file.

smetrach

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n ( smit ) In phr. bri(a)mon smet(h)rach, explained as the act or rubbing or pulling the lobe of the ear as a means of coercion, a device used by poets in order to obtain the granting of requests. For full discussion see ZCP xxi 324 ff . brimon .i. ainm nemthiusa dognīat filid im nech atatoing .i. meilid smit ind aue iter a dā mer ┐ doēcce in duine ima ndēne nemt[h]ess, Corm. Y 149 = briamon smethraige, Corm. p. 8 . briamon smethrach (brimon smetrach, v.l.), RC xxvi 24.78 (see Gloss.). brimon smitrach . . . .i. fourrach neich o smit a cluaisi .i. cleas briatharda donidis na filid fo daigin ecnaig go bfourrgitis nech tria smiot a chluaisi do tarraing, Auraic. 4645 ff . = b. smetrac[h] . . ., 1328 ff . ? Cf. n.loc.: Magh Smeathrach i nUibh Fáilghe, Keat. ii 1961 .

? smitir

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ind .v. sétaib saighe smech smit ir .i. i fuil asa smeget, O'Dav. 1477 .

smit(t)

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Last Revised: 2013

 

n the lobe of the ear : smit .i. cluas, Lec. Gl. 263 . Cf. Auraic. 4649 . smiot .i. cluas, O'Cl. meilid smit ind aue iter a dā mer, Corm. Y 149 . tria smiot a chluaisi do tarraing, Auraic. 4648 . See under smetrach. co r-bí smitt a cluaisi dessi, PH 3115 . co r-ben simitt (sic) a chluaisi de, 3113 . co ro-gaib Ísu in smitt i n-a láim, 3116 .

Compds.: ¤chend. As pn sobriquet: dá mac Smucaille smitt-chind `scrub-head' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iii 270.24 (simcind, v.l.). ¤ḟorrach see smetrach. smiotghno mimicry Léachtaí Cholm Cille xviii 19 . ná smech smiotghno, Ériu xiii 47.11 . See also smot.

smot

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x = smit(t)?: robe díaes aramac s.¤ , IT iii 67 § 4 = MacCarthy 120.19 . deibidi S.¤ ann so, MacCarthy 120.17 = smotach, IT iii 67 § 4 .

Compd. ¤ulcha: Petrus liath uili ┐ s. fair side-whiskers (?), BB 14b7 (cf. RC viii 362 n . ).

smotán

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Forms: smotan

n (cf. smot, smit(t)) stock, block : smotan `a stock', Eg. Gl. 559 . ag rádh ré s.¤ . . . ┐ ré cloich, Jerem. ii 27 . In n.loc.: Baile an smotáin, Hy Fiach. 154.9 . See Hog. Onom.