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ollam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ollam or dil.ie/33808
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: olloman, ollamh, oll-aimh, -amhan, -aimh

n [o ?], n, m. (< oll `great' Ériu xviii 54 ). d s. ollum, Ériu xviii 54 . g s. olloman, LU 302 , 361 . a s. (? d s.) eter ríg ┐ ollomain, 10306 . ollamh, IGT Dec. § 51 (g s. oll-aimh, -amhan ; n p. -aimh , -amhain; a p. -amha, -amhna). Both declensions are used side by side in late Mid.Ir. and early mod. texts, the o-st. being preferred in sing., the n-st. in pl.

(a) An ollave, the highest grade of `fili' (in O.Ir. ollam may have denoted an office as much as a grade of learning; later used to denote the grade alone, UR 91-94 ), Laws v 26.25 (ollum). filid oldam, anroth, clí, etc., ZCP v 499 § 7. secht ngrad filed .i. ollam, ansrut[h], etc., O'Mulc. 537. He was entitled to a retinue of 30, a number lowered to 24 at the Convention of Druim Cet in 590: no bid .xxx. i cléir cac[h] olloman, LU 302. ro dígbait iar sein a clíara .i. xxiiii. i cléir ind olloman, 361 . ollamh .i. oll a dhámh .xx.iiii., Corm. p. 33 = [o]lldam, Corm. Y 993 . His specific form of poetic composition was the `anamain' (`mór' and `bec'): anamna ollaman, IT iii 31.25 ; 59 § 112 , §113 . anamaín . . . is dán olloman, Corm. Y 39 ; cf. O'Dav. 1072 , O'Mulc. 537. An ollave was attached to the court of each of the provincial kings, often to those of sub- kings; and there seems (at some periods) to have been an `ard-ollam' who exercised authority over all the provincial `filidh'. int ollam filedh iarna uirdned ag rig tuath, Laws i 42 z Comm. ollamh Uladh Fercertne, TBC-LL¹ 5467 St. Gilla C. Ua Slebin ollum Ulad, Cog. 120.2 . ar ollamh nUladh, TD 3.9 . The inferior grades of `filidh' had to discharge various offices for the ollave, such as keeping his two dogs (task of the `cana') and fostering his children (that of the `drisech'); and the erenaghs (airchindig eclaisi) had to maintain his horses, H 3.18 p. 133 ( O'Curry 239 ). Among his functions, acc. to the same passage, was that of guarding the King from occult dangers: dlegar don ollam beith i fail in rig im snamad (leg. samain) dia snadad ar siabrud, ib. See further Heldensage 66 fg. In wider sense: am ollom, am gáeth, LU 10628 = IT i 141.5 (loquitur Sencha m. Ailella). ollam britheman, LL 29b21 . Later an expert in any art or science, a professor : ollam breithemhnachta Ua Failghe, AFM ii 888.18 . ollam Tuad- Muman re timpanacht, AU ii 510.18 (an. 1360) . ard-ollamh Ereann i ccruitirecht, AFM ii 1170.12 . ardollam a scribiund, RC xviii 193.13 (Tig.). ollamh legha Fer Manach `chief physi- cian', AU iii 346.8 (an. 1490). ollamh leighis Fearmanach, AFM iii 554 z . clann Chraith a ollamhain ré dán, clann Chruitín a ollamhain ré seanchus (of O'Brien, chief of Thomond), Keat. iii 179 . ollam cerda a master craftsman (of Daedalus), ZCP iv 238.26 . secht n-ollumain ghabhunn master smiths, Lism. L. 2931 . mur ollamh cuarta . . . nā mes misi do not count me a vagrant bard, ZCP ii 348.18 (late 16th cent.). Of a woman: ba hollamh i ngach eagna i, Ériu v 78.12 .

(b) chief : ollam ard … caide side? nï, amail [rond-gab] rí Connacht… 'a high o. … what manner of man is this? For example, the king of Connacht' Ériu xviii 49-50 (Míadṡlechta) . In early poetry used of warriors: mandrais arma athar ollam as a master he destroyed the weapons of his [grand]father Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 7 § 4 (text uncertain). caine dind dem i foat ollomain (of the burial-grounds of warriors), ib. 20.6 (= ollo- mhan, LL 380a12 ).

As npr. in the name (prob. a title) of Ollam Fodla, one of the early kings of Ireland: dá mac la Fiacha Fínsgothach .i. Eochaid (qui et Ollam Fodla) ┐ Araidhe, Cóir Anm. 249. docer Ailderg Dóit . . . la hOllomain, MacCarthy 164 z ( LL 127b52 ). co éc Olloman, MacCarthy 166.3 ( LL 128a1 ). mac Ollaim Fodla , MacCarthy 296 k ( BB 12a35 ). is uime ghairthear Ollamh Fódla dé, do bhrígh go raibhe 'n-a ollamh i n-eagna ┐ i n-eolus ré reachtaibh is ré dlighthibh d'ordughadh, Keat. ii 2057.

Compd. ¤thairngertaid m. ollave-elect , Tromd. Guaire 224.

snádud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. snádud or dil.ie/38113

 

u m. vn. of 1 snáidid. act of protecting, giving safe conduct to; protection, safe conduct : snadhadh .i. comairce, O'Cl. ráidh re cumairce gan chol, `snaidhedh', `faoisidin', `faosamh', Metr. Gl. 30 § 55 . snadug .i. ditin, Thr. Ir. Gl. 130.11 . nach gabar fort do chomoirge na do [ṡ]nadut, Corm. p. 19 (see enechgreiss). rop dītiu dún rop snādud, Hy. i 15 ( Thes. ii 301 ). ar guin . . . | a Chríst for do sh.¤ dún, Hy. vi 24 ( Thes. ii 353 ). diar s.¤ . . . | ar gábud, Thes. ii 359.6 . ropat óin dom sh.¤ | com ríg to give me safe conduct to my king, Fél. Jan. 21 . no bíid cach láth gaile . . . hi Sleib F. fri s.¤ neich dothíssad co n-airchetul, LU 5080. 5086 = TBC-I¹ 594 . cáni setir latsu mo ṡ.¤ airi, LU 5631 . manipad do ṡ., 5659 . is fort ṡ.¤ cach a mbí, LL 374c37 ( Éigse ii 185 § 10 ). do snadhadh anma na n-uile, Anecd. ii 29 poem ix § 2. dorat snamugh a anma do `spared him his life', Stair Erc. 618 . dia snadhadh ┐ saoradh ar theadhmaim, AFM i 370.y . imá snádhadh on éiccendáil, vi 2126.9 . mo chrābud tenn . . . | do snádad lemm as a protection, BColm. 52.8 . bidh snādhudh for sēt sercnaem | crābud cert-c[h]ǣm i corpān, ZCP vi 265 § 23 . for ar n-eneach ┐ for ar snadad , IT ii2229.3 . rí Mídhe . . . do erghabháil . . . la rígh Connacht for snádhadh mind ┐ comhairgedh Erenn, AFM ii 1072.5 = CS 340.3 . for snadhadh (.i. comairce) laoch ┐ cléireach, AFM ii 1122.17 . luid . . . for snadad dochum neime, Anecd. i 45.7 . Ruaidhri . . . do légean a geimheal . . . do shnádhadh na ccléreach `at the intercession of', AFM ii 1074.14 . iar na dhalladh dar snadhadh laoch ┐ cléireach `against the guarantee', 1106.3 . Columb . . . | ní hé sin in snádhudh cīaas, ZCP viii 198 § 20 . comadh moide a gradh et molad ar Día a snadud orra, Aisl. Tond. 103 § 6 . ? slabrudh diar snādhudh sāeghul (: trāghudh), ZCP vi 264 § 12 .

In Laws of the right possessed by certain grades to give safe conduct, protection from legal processes (see 1 snáidid and Críth G. p. 106 ): caide snámhadh? comeitecht la cois, O'Don. Suppl. ( H 3.18, 192a = O'Curry 347 ). cate . . . s.¤ . . . cach áe? what amount of protection has each of them the right to give? Críth G. 20 . a s.¤ co forus túaithe safe conduct, 57 . an deoraid bis . . . for snada[dh] .i. comairce, Laws v 364.y Comm . a tabairt do snadud as tualaing a turtaigthi mad cen airis snaite `to take it from a protection in which it could be protected', i 92.2 . log n-enech in snaite, 4 . nis gab neime[d] na snadh[ud], O'Curry 2531 ( Eg. 88, 44 (45)b ). ? ni fil . . . snadu[d] faisiten di-a nditen, Laws v 290.19 . gell snati, O'D. 2215 ( Nero A vii, 148a ). ? snadhudh do diguin, O'Curry 1049 ( H 3.18, 436b ).