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1 cumang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cumang or dil.ie/13814
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cumacc, cumoc, cumhag, cumhang

o (see GOI 448 ) vn. of con-icc. Also cumacc (ibid. 354 ), and later co-. cumoc, YBL 180a21 (= c.¤ , RC vi 175.54 ). d. pl. cumgaib, UR 36.11 . cumhag, cumhang m., IGT Decl. § 17 (71.19) . Verbs § 53 .

Power, ability, strength : cumhang .i. neart no cumhachta, O'Cl. iarsinchumung bess lib, Wb. 16c19 . asririusa moch.¤ darfar cenn gl. superimpendar ipse pro animabus uestris, 18a14 . ba hénirt ar c.¤ , Fél. Ep. 9 . nísmbói . . . do chumacc a mmbo do imain, Vita Br. 24 . bidh fann a c.¤ , ZCP viii 110.11 . co ructha a eich hi cumugg la C. were taken in charge, Trip.² 1665 . sáerthar lat in domnach cech c.¤ rotbé dó `with all your might', Ériu ii 204.12 . dollotar do imbert a cumaiṅg frisin slōg, TBC-I¹ 2195 . dobérmais ar cumaṅg ica thessarggain, LL 36680 . budh calma a c.¤ san / bud caol a[r] cumaing-ne, ZCP viii 207. 13 - 14 . a chumhang gidh cia do-bheir / do-gheibh Dia ar ubhall nó ar uibh whoever gives what he can, DDána 42.36 = IGT Verbs ex. 466 . ic techt i ngábudh dar cend cumaing in a superhuman effort (?), TTr.² 1367 = ZCP xxx 69.1367 . ni ragar neach tara c.¤ `no one is fined beyond his power', Laws v 466.23 . ? issedh mesraigus breithem a cumach (sic) do gill do cach, iv 36.21 Comm. nad inarban iar fis, focumac `having power to do so', iii 8.z .i. fo c.¤ iar mbeth a fesa aice, 10.8 Comm. ní ba sindadh nó aoradh fogniset, acht(?) gut prut fo comung, H 3.18, 755.1 . don ch.¤ conicc `to the extent of his power', Ériu iii 106.1 . co cumunc cecha mnā chena `with whatever every other woman is able to give', Cáin Ad. 23 .

Attrib. g s. fer comaic móir, LU 7578 (BDD). co clú chumaiṅg Delga osin dind, LL 16748 . ba cemmend cumaiṅg, LL 746 = comaind, BB 28b40 . With follg. obj. gen.: gan c.¤ treabhtha, BNnÉ 294.16 . L. . . . ina cc.¤ catha `in battle array', Cog. 214.w . ni linne acumacc `we have no power over her', RC iii 346.8 . cumhang molta mhóir `the power to praise', Dán Dé xxix 27 .

In various constructions with copula and subst. vb.: ma beid hibar cumung gl. si potest fieri quod ex uobis est, Wb. 5d32 . ni fuil i c.¤ . . . do duine it is not in man's power, Laud 610, 12b cited Plummer MS. notes = i comand, PH 97 . cona baoi ina cc.¤ soadh for cúlaibh, Hugh Roe² 156.3 . ni bái c.¤ la M. dó, BNnÉ 294.17 . atá dhá cheird ar mo chumhang I am master of two trades, Bard. P. 17.31 . nímbái c.¤ cena I . . . was unable, Imr. Brain ii 291.1 . dober índi iscumung do / bó, IT iii 18.20 . ro thionóil sidhe ina mbaoí ina cumhang `all the forces under his command', AFM vi 1876.1 . níta cumacc do cháingním `it is not able to do well', Wb. 4a6 . nim thā cumac día aisnéis, LU 9234 . níp thá cumac dó, 1471 (MU). ní bái a c.¤ dó, BNnÉ 10.16 . ? nir chumhang air .i. nir bhó chumhachtach é, O'Cl. ? is trúag mo chumaṅg -sa rib, TFerbe 607 . ní fil c.¤ i n-a n-anmannaib ocaind, PH 2055 . ? Predic. g s. in mheit as cumhuing leo do freasdul, Marco P. 36 . ní chumuing la Caracorum bar congbail `it is not possible for C. to contain you', 28 . ós tú an rí as cumhaing dá clódh `able to control her', Aithd. D. 81.10 . ? Hence adv.: in t-í dogéna cech maith co cumaing, PH 8089 .

Gramm. function, force : innandobriathar asanairberar cumaṅg ainmmde `a nominal force', Sg. 39a26 . cumaṅg nominisuerbi `power', 148b5 . caite deochair eter a c.¤ ┐ a nert? A c.¤ . . . Intan gabaid guth a n-ænur (of letters), Auraic. 965 - 6 . lanchumang i fedaibh, ┐ c.¤ a forfedaibh, ┐ egumang a muitibh, 1209 . dobeir c.¤ fedha forin son, 436 . c.¤ i forfedaib, 5456 .

fo-ricc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ricc or dil.ie/23696

Forms: for-icc, fuircim, forricc, foricc, forecat, forrecad, foirsed, fórsed, -fuirsitis, fo-ricfa, fo-m-ricfa, fuircéba, fuaircife, -faircbitís, -faircibdis, fosfairnec, fo-n-airnicc, -farnic, forránic, fosrainic, -fornic, -farnaic, fóndráncamár, foráncatár, -furecar, -fuiresta, forricht, -furecht, -fuirecht

v ( Ascoli xcvi , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 ; fo-ro-icc, Thurn. Reader, s.v. icc ; GOI 374 ; some instances show signs of confusion with ar-icc. for-icc, Hessen ZCP ix 5 ). Ipv. 1 s. fuircim, Bürgschaft p. 13 § 44 . pres. 3 s. forricc, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.8 ) = foricc, Harl. (ib. p. xii ). 3 pl. forecat TBC-I¹ 591 (= forreccat, LU 5078 ). forrecad, TBC-I¹ 679 (= forrecat LU 5161 ). past subj. ( for co foirsed , TBC-I¹ 227 = fórsed LU 4700 , which could be by-form belong to this, see fo-reith). 3 pl. -fuirsitis, Thes. ii 242.4 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). fut. 3 s. fo-ricfa ZCP xi 85 § 39 . fo-m-ricfa, LU 5747 (= TBC-I¹ 1274 ). fut. 2 s. -fuircéba su, LU 4843 = -fuaircife sa, TBC-I¹ 354 . sec. fut. 3 pl. -faircbitís, LU 5010 = -faircibdis, TBC-I¹ 521 . pret. and perf. 1 s. fosfairnec, LU 5409 . 3 s. fo-n-airnicc, Wb. 16b2 . -farnic, 2a21 . forránic, LU 7985 ( BDD 165 ), LU 10180 . fosrainic, ZCP iii 243 w . -fornic, LU 10692 = Ériu xii 158 . -farnaic, Corm. Bodl. s.v. orcc trēith . 1 pl. fóndráncamár LU 5795 . 3 pl. foráncatár, 10580 . Pass. pres. -furecar LL 346b27 ( ZCP xi 89 § 21 ). past subj. -fuiresta, RC xii 66 § 30 . pret. and perf. forricht, LU 7712 ( BDD 129 ). -furecht, -fuirecht, Ériu xiii 15.12 (? fo-rig). Hy v 80 ; 88 .

(a) comes across, finds: forricfe faelte and thou wilt find welcome LU 11012 ( Imr. Brain i 53 ). forricc failte, Corm. Y 883 (foricc, Harl.). cach oen fodriced, Dinds. 19 . tic F. don uarboith ... co farnic in colann cen cend, Corm. Y 1018 (co farnaic, Bodl.). is amlaid fosfairnec sa hi comlepaid I found them sleeping together LU 5409 . fosrainic ... issuide noi mbaindelbae, ZCP iii 243w . uair fomairnecsa oc coe since thou hast found me weeping LL 275a11 ( Mór M. § 6 ). tiscaither a tarr ... dūs in fuirestar ind or ann, RC xii 66 § 29 . ind Lúin Cheltchair ... forricht hi cath Maigi Tured, LU 7712 ( BDD 129 = frith, Eg.). f.¤ ara chiund finds before one, finds on arrival: ni farnic sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun found none good Wb. 2a21 . hore fonairnicc ara chiunn desiderium ..., 16b2 . fuircim si cobach lat sa armo chind, Bürgschaft p. 13 § 44 . co fargbaid mo thech sa amal fondrancaibar for bar cind until you leave my house as you found it LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). co farnactár Coin Culaind for áth ara cind, LU 1534 ( MU² 1039 ). ros-fairnic in t-airdespog ar a chinn gan neimh gan galar, Fl. Earls 148.10 .

(b) ni forrainicc lais soadh for ccúlaibh, Hugh Roe 60.7 (f. 16a) = ní ránicc, etc.

Cf. rosfuric a less in coimdiu has need of them PH 4373 (see ro-icc).

Some of the exx. cited under for-rig may belong to this.

impód, impúd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. impód, impúd or dil.ie/28011
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: impóid, iompuidhthe, impúd, impúth

n u, m. also o, m. vn. of imm-sói. g s. impóid, BColm. 84.32 . iompuidhthe, TSh. 3997.

(a) act of turning round, overturning, inversion: impúd gl. uersio, Sg. 106b10 . trisin nimpúd nisin `through that turning,' Ml. 93a18 . impud forcmachtae gl. uelut apostropha, 120c8 . tre impúth, Sg. 4b8 . tre ímpuud .i. tucad a tosuch fo diu[d] gl. per anastrophen, 202b8 . tria impúd in anmma is aed dea, Corm. p. 2 (s.v. aedh) (= tria delidin, Corm. Y 33 ). is e so a himpod na hEamna reversing the order of the lines in a metre, Todd Lect. iii 122.16 . is ūasal int impū[d] soḟis frisinní na derna custrásta, Anecd. v 27 n. 6 . amal bis rothmol for luth | tria bithu for bithimputh, SR 200. go rabus ag impod na Temrach ocus conid ann sin ro claenta Temuir `that Tara was being overturned,' Laws i 6.13 . oc impud na bairgine `turning the cake,' i 142.y Comm. icon cloich impóid `at the turning-stone,' BColm. 84.32 . an trath bis la againne ar uachtar talman bigh aitci fo talmain ┐ is mar sin re na impodh `and vice versa,' Ir. Astr. Tr. 24.5 . im-soadh ina crocend .i. an ḟeoil ┐ na cnama do impodh, RC ix 470.9 . cia himpód sin doniat do shuile it chind, PH 8129. ger[b] mór a saethar ic impódh a n-angcairedh `heaving their anchors,' CCath. 1423. an tan teagmhas a dhruim ré lár, nach bí ann féin iompódh, TSh. 3903. do bheirmíd ar a gcorp uile iompúgh fá gcuairt, James iii 3 . bíaidh in tolamhsa atá fúm | lá oramsa gá impúdh, IGT Decl. ex. 718. nar thí dhí an udhuim d'iompódh `may she not displace the harness,' Aithd. D. 81 § 10.

(b) the act of returning ; turning out: senad do sodadh as a nairlisi .i. senad na heclaisi d'impod ass a uasal lis `to turn a synod out of its noble fort,' Laws iv 52.13 . iar n-impo dóibh ō Gyi `after they turned from G.', ZCP vi 76.11 . impo dochom h. Flaithbertaig ar cula, Ann. Conn. 1225 § 16. an fiabras d'iompódh arna bhárach, 23 K 42, 49.5 . adubhairt dha gcur san dún | dob é turus gan iompughadh, Ériu i 18.38 . tig rinn ar ndomhnach go Dún | fa connlach inn ag iompúdh, IGT Decl. ex. 1436.

(c) the act of turning, becoming converted or perverted: int impúd gl. (strati) conuersio, Ml. 61a28 . impúth ` conversion ,' Sg. 60b15a . a popul oc impod dochum n-irse, PH 290. do lean mé sna peacthuibh Pól | sní leantair é ar a impódh, IGT Decl. ex. 765. Pól asbal ... d'iompúdh fa iris creidmhe, Dán Dé vi 35. fearg Íosa do chur ar gcúl | usa ná m'aigneadh d'iompúdh, xxi 32 . ar n-iompódh a thoile ó bheith ag smuaineadh ar na neithibh neamhdha, TSh. 1625. toradh iompuidhthe ón pheacadh `fructum conversionis,' 3997 . acht an bhrég do chur ar gcúl | 's gan páirt araile d'iompúdh `without perverting the other side,' Content. vi 1. gach glór do chansad tar chóir | ... | do bhadh reacht gan é d'iompúdh, xxix 6 .

(d) the act of turning away, warding off: dobhí an donus-so, a Dhé, a ndán | sé ní horusa dh'iompádh, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 16 § 12. níor maoidheadh Ulltaigh san ágh | aoinfhear d'Ulltaibh gá n-iompádh, Content. xxx 31. dá bhféadaois a fheirg d'iompúdh, Dán Dé v 9. gidh tearc atá dá fhine | re hiompódh a oirbhire, xxii 34 .

(e) Folld. by FOR (AR), revolt, rebellion against: cia for a ndernsum-ni in t-impod-sin ? against whom have we rebelled ?, PH 2821. cétimpodh Briain ┐ Con[n]acht for Maelsechlainn, RC xvii 353.6 . co tardsat a lanríar dó isin impodh doronsad fair rome `they gave him his full reward in respect of the revolt which they had made against him,' RC xviii 47.8 . impodh do Tuadh-Mumain ... ar Ua Conchobair, 57.13 . ar n-imphod do Cormac ar druidibh, 382.18 .

(f) act of annulling, reversing (of contracts, etc.) : comad amail ingaire do'n mac a n-impod (gloss on : atait tri cuir tindtai mac beo-athar) so that to reverse them is like undutifulness on the part of the son, Laws v 438.6 Comm. atait tri feranna ... noco n-usa dona Feinib ... a n-impod, gloss on : nadat usa ... do tinntogh, v 428.9 Comm. lán doirn dha bhfuil san dún | do leigen let gan iompughadh `the full of thy fist of all that is in the dún to be granted thee without revoking,' Ériu i 20.80 .

(g) act of ripening : fa connlach inn ag iompúdh 'we were stalks just ripening', Giolla Brighde 140 § 15 .

(h) Folld. by FRI turning against, renouncing : Hua Léce do éc iar n-impúd dó fria domun isint shechtmain chetna 'Ua Léce died, having renounced the world in the same week', AI 224 (s.a. 1070.5) .

roth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. roth or dil.ie/35585
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: routh, roith, rotha, roth, rotha, rothadha, roth, roith-néll

n o, m. (cf. W. rhod) d s. i routh , Wb. 11a3 (a primâ manu). n p. roith, rotha. roth m. (g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 95 (p. 127.24) . In early Mod.Ir. n s. rotha occurs (Bedell, Eccles. xii 6 ), pl. rothadha ( Ezekiel i 20 ; FM).

(a) something circular, or wheel-shaped : roth a rotá .i. ōn c[h]ūairt, Corm. Y 1087 (a false etymology; the word is native, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 33 ). roth, gl. rota, Ir. Gl. 227 . roth cruind forsa-ndenat na cerda in[na] lestrai, gl. rotae, Ml. 18b4 . dona rothib (gl. rotis), Gild. Lor. 119 . Esp. (a) a wheel (of a vehicle): droch .i. roth carpait, O'Mulc. 350 . roth nó fonnud nó fertas . . . in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 772 . du. nechtar in dá roth (.i. fonnod) iarndae in carpait, LU 5180 ( TBC-I¹ 701 ), where it is used of the outer rim or tyre of a wheel. hi carput dā rath, Hy. v 84 (metri gratiâ). Pl. nom thescfat roith iarnaide in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 1340 . dollotar rotha iarnaidi in carpait hi talmain, 2640 . ruamghail na roth, CCath. 1834 . ni bhí in cathair . . . gin míli roth for fenaibh ┐ damhuibh ┐ asanaibh ac togluasacht ṡida, Marco P. 70 . ro fucctha . . . rothadha faoí dia fhógluasacht, AFM vi 1980.10 . Meton. the vehicle itself: nír imthige fri roth `do not race against a wheel (i.e. chariot )', Tec. Corm. § 19.9 . ag dol i roth isin aier, AFM a. 553 = in curru suó, RC xvii 142 (Tig.). leth ruith ┐ leth gobra half [of them] in chariots and half on horseback (?), BDD 51 (of advancing warriors). Of other wheels: lúathidir roth [m]búali, BDD 127 , cf. FB 87 (a mill-wheel turned by water, see ZCP i 94 , 98 ). Of a wheel for torture: roth mor . . . ┐ bera áithe ┐ clóidbe . . . in a medon, PH 1204 .

(b) a disc or sphere : rotha grene ┐ escai, Marco P. 68 . doimchellat na renda roth cruinn in domuin, Ériu ii 106 § 19 . ardruiri ind roith rigda ail | garg-ruide fri croich coem-nair, SR 1077 ; i.e. of the circular universe? but 1078 suggests the circular panel at the juncture of the cross-arms, on which in Irish high-crosses the Crucifixion was often depicted; cf. .xx. pars inna cuairt-roth `circle-wheel' (of the centre of the cross), Thes. ii 255.4 ( Stowe M. 65b ). gu Rīg na roth, ZCP vii 304 § 17 . a gac[h] rotha do rothaib [rothaidhibh v.l.] na firmaminti spheres , ITS xiv 68.7 . in roth árd . . . reithes grian (of the Zodiac), MR 112.20 . See also rothchles(s) below.

(c) a circular brooch, wheel-brooch : atcondarc roth n-óir isin brut ara bélaib, BDD 99 . roth creda sin brutt, TBC-LL¹ 5401 = delcc, St. cu ndechutar do chunchid roith croi for Aed mac Ainmirech .i. delg nos-facbad cech rig diaroile, LB 238cb23 , cf. RC xx 421 . a chneas-léine . . . gona teóra roth . . . do dhearg-ór, ML 110.29 . roth credha .i. dealg, O'Cl.

(d) in follg. exx. appar. of circular torques or fillets encircling neck or head: rotha derga tentide for sírlasad imma mbrágtib, FA 28 . atchíu [a] ardroth n-imnaisse | imma chend, BDD 100 (e) . Cf. cóicroth óir . . . úas cach ae, 91 . Of (? concentric) circles traced as ornament on a shield: dondscīath . . . co cōic roth ōir co mbil findruine fair, TBC-I¹ 2045 . cromscīath . . . co trī radhaib ro-dēnma, 2339 . Cf. the story of Cuchulainn's shield, Ériu v 72 and xi 54 , Macalister Archaeology of Irel. 146 .

(e) a loop, noose : atnaig a cend i ruth gait in the noose of a gad , Metr. Dinds. iii 252.127 (see note). Hence prob. O'Cl.: ruth ghaid .i. rathán gadraigh. ruth `a chain, link ', O'R.

(f) in TBC-LL¹ 5590 fg . (Stowe) used of movable war-machines mounted on wheels: tri rúada rot[h]a, 5591 . ar cach roth nét dona teoraibh rothaibh, 5604 .

(g) roth rámach `rowing (?) wheel', name of a fabulous flying-machine , see rámach. The term roth may denote the circular body, or car, of the machine.

(h) fig. uses: roth creth `circle of science', RC xx 44 (ACC Introd.) = roth cráed (.i. filidecht), LU 354 . roth soithe (name of a metre?), IT iii 36 § 18 , also called r.¤ soadh (= suadh?), ib. i roth na réime aimseardha revolution , TSh. 537 . rochtain . . . go roth uachtrach urchóide the topmost revolution (i.e. zenith) of iniquity , Hackett xliii 42 . eo Rosa, | roth ruirech | recht flatha, 'a king's circle' LL iv 27650 , Bondarenko 278, 281 .

Compds. ¤chles(s) n name of a feat or game of skill : LU 9291 . FB 30 . Ériu iv 30.11 . oc cur in rothclessa, FB 64 (where it is described; the `roth' was appar. a disc or quoit hurled into the air). ¤gal: tucsatar . . . craithed neim-meirtnech do rothgail ro-tren `twirling' (of wrestlers), MR 256.5 . ¤impód: ag roithled ┐ ag roth-impod aroile twirling , MR 256.18 . ruathar . . . ag roith-lingeadh orra wheeling round them (?), TSh. 6635 . roith-néll a whirling cloud (i.e. dizziness ), MR 270.2 . ? ¤richt wheel-shape, circular form : Tech Duind . . . rothricht ré lan ler fethaigthi, IT iii 22 § 66 = rodrict, 49 § 88 (LL), ródrícht, ib. (BB), rath righ, 98 § 161 ; Meyer Bruchst. i § 133 emends: rāith rīg.

2 soad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 soad or dil.ie/38197

n a bed, a resting-place : soadh .i. leabadh, ut est cach sóer cach soadh .i. leabaid, O'Dav. 1443 . soadh .i. leabaidh, ut est, gach saor gach soad .i. leabaid do cach fo miadh, O'Curry 966 ( H 3.18, 416 ). so-adh .i. leabaidh, O'Cl. ? To this: dligid cach tir autsad di neoch suidigthir fris .i. dligid gach fearand dib sin aidi soaid do do neoch suidigter no samaigter i lleath ris, Laws iv 190.6 Comm . autsa[d] .i. aiti soidh, ut est cidh forsa suighedh techta cana tafuinn do autsudhaibh thuaithe .i. aite soidh nó aitib na mbritheman, O'Dav. 101 .

soïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. soïd or dil.ie/38322

Forms: -oí-, soidid, sóifitir, sóibfitir, soithe, soithib, soud

v Freq. also with diphthong -oí- (-aí-), see GOI § 644 . soidid, IGT Verbs § 42 .

I Intrans.

(a) turns, turns round; returns: no soe gl. averti, Ml. 44b15 . cia inni soas, 123d8 . sōithis Adamnān fri brēitheir a māthar, Cáin Ad. 8 . soissit saer saeth laechdaigh, AU i 294.18 . sóis in mac for cúlu, MU² 174 . acht nad sui for culud, Laws iii 78.6 . muna fitir si ┐ ni soand-sum, v 204.20 Comm . mad dia soa foen ocai, Ériu viii 122.18 . a sóitís dáine deisel, Metr. Dinds. i 24.140 . ba de sain soiset fo thuaid, ZCP viii 118 § 23 . dorat . . . a lā[i]mh ind-agaid an muilind ┐ soais reime ar tuáthbel, BColm. 58.25 . ro sai cen usci `he returned without water', RC xxiv 198.10 . ro sai úa Domhnall ina fritheing, Hugh Roe 136.8 (fo. 36b) . ro soidhsettar in eachraidh isin mhuir, BNnÉ 325 § 43 .

(b) changes: glé rosoí gné Emer, LU 3890 ( SCC 40 ). ro sóe lí, SR 7379 . ra sáit gnéthi da gnúsib, MU² 500 . ara mence soas gné | a gnúis ri úair ṅdochraite, Ériu v 211.78 . nirosoiset na gega do benadh de a ndath féin tria bitu, D IV 2, 42v b45 . s.¤ dath dies: cen tam cen galar soi dath, Fél.² cviii 28 . rosgab claimi, ro soi dath, SR 4641 . da tora rí Macha saifiter a datha, CRR 22 .

II Trans.

(a) turns : niro soí nech díb aiged ind eich in frithlorg, LU 2953 . ? dia faebra fichi cessóe cía bera na sui forellig na tulle miscais, 6637 . bé sues srotha coctha for cúlu, O'Dav. 536 . cu rasoad in lassar . . . in agaid na gáithe, Lat. Lives 94 § 89 . ro-soud in soigit for cúlu co Gargán, PH 7185 . cethra harathru . . . rosoeiset an bhuain doridhisi, Lism. L. 1506 . o' tcualatar Bretnaigh inni sin, soidhit Aodh Guaire for cula doridhisi, BNnÉ 322 § 30 . sóitear cinn na n-each fó dhes, SG 26.21 . ? To this: mad don snadud ron gabthar asrenar log nenech in snaite, ┐ suith na hathgabala in sen co ro gabaiter aitherrach it turns (i.e. ends) the distresses (?), Laws i 92.4 .i. impait in athgabail in ni hisin, 98.20 Comm . With reflexive pron.: sechidú notsoesiu `wherever thou turnest', Ml. 112b6 . With suffixed pron.: soithi as na diaid dar siúir `he goes out after it across the Suir', RC xiv 245.6 . sōithi sī dono (soithsiu dono, soithise dó, v.ll.) īarsin Ronnat co Brugach mac Dedad, Cáin Ad. 12 . sōethe (soete, v.l.) si dono for muin a meic conusrala isin ārmuch, 7 .

(b) turns, changes, overthrows : ru soad gl. peruersa, Ml. 101a6 . soe Crimthan coscrach cing | cet catha clu cohind, Rawl. 116a30 . minic me ar an fhaith[ch]i-si | o rosaoi mo chéill, BS 138.12 . hi t[i]ugnair ticfa cith sóifess in bith uli fri hoenuair, KMMisc. 146.20 . ro-shói fuil do chnáim dó ar imecla, PH 4141 . coro soadh a ainm dó ┐ doratad Mordrens fair, D IV 2, 40ra40 .

(c) turns, converts, perverts : in tu-sa ro-shói mo brathair-si? `art thou he who hast converted my brother?' PH 2127 . in cenél dóine-sea ro-shoiset in uli Iúdaide co na cretit dam-sa, 1751 . togaethfaid sochaide soifid iliu h-é, LL 119b49 .

III With prepp. With A leaves : sai as aridisi, Ériu i 116 § 6 . na soífeadh O Neill as an Mumhan go Beltaine, AFM vi 2164.5 . ro sae esti hi tíribh Gallia, CCath. 201 . With co turns towards : co Issau soid, SR 3055 . ro-sói Pól co Petar ┐ atbert fris, PH 1830 . sóifit ceóil co bachlachu `music will turn unto boors', RC xxvi 40 § 212 . is ann sin rosoei Colmán mac Lenin cusan Coimdid, Lat. Lives 105 § 102 . returns to: sout . . . co tech Guaire, ACL iii 3.26 . soais go a muintir `he returned to his people', Leb. Gab.(i) 78.20 . ro saoi co muinntir Cluana hIraird, BNnÉ 305 § 19 . rosoí cusan maigín asa tainic, D IV 2, 57ra42 . an tan ro shuidhsiot gusan ngobernóir go líon creach, AFM vi 1912.6 . With DO returns: ní soa dondi asa timthach `it does not go to the person to whom the clothing belongs', Ériu ii 206 § 27 . rosod ind arc sa da dam, Rawl. 79a13 . soáidh MacCarrtaigh . . . dia taigh, RC xviii 45.30 (Tig.). With FOR in phrase s.¤ (cath) for overthrows, defeats : rosoied in cath for Tolamir `the fortune of battle turned against T.', RC x 184.28 . soiter for Roen doridhisi ┐ maidheadh fair, AFM ii 814.14 . rosoadh for mharcsluagh na nGall, Hugh Roe 148.7 (fo. 39b) . turns against : do aithe . . . a eccora for ó nDomhnaill ro shóidh an fir-Dhia . . . fair, 258.26 (fo. 69a) . mairg bíos cen bráthair | sóid gái for uathad, SG 364.z . With FRI turns towards, returns to: is ed as slíc . . . foísitiu in mídénma fía[d] doínib ┐ ingell ná[d] soífea friu aithirriuch a promise that he will not turn to them again, Críth G. 311 . soid fri haithrighe, Laws v 202.7 . atchimm in coimdiu . . . co soam ria n-ar cenel that we may be reunited to our kindred, PH 6642 . rosō sidhe friu, ACL iii 311.4 . turns against, attacks : rim-sa ní rosoa do drech, ZCP i 497.7 . frisa saefidis a ndromand, CCath. 2683 . sóidh Hectoir fris ┐ beirid rúathar n-adúathmar adócum, TTr.² 965 . ro shuidh friu as a h-aithle he attacked them, AFM v 1756.2 . With I s.¤ x . . . i y changes, transforms x into y: rasoisitsi ón i ngoi ┐ anfír ye have turned it into falsehood and untruth, Ml. 103c15 . castorpollux ní eperr acht hilar dóib do gres in hilur dano asberr a rind hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73a11 . statim ro soad hi coirm ┐ bolad fina fair, Irish Texts i 10 § 30 . coro sóad i mmil, Trip.² 171 . gabais a nathraig do lár | Moisi . . . | noscroith nodosai i fleisc, SR 3863 . soit a n-écin . . . i toltanche fognoma do Dia, LU 2161 . In pass.: sóifitir i clóini, Wb. 26a21 (leg. sóibfitir, Edd.). sóifither ecna i ssáibbretha, RC xxvi 40 § 214 . in foirenn . . . roptar cendsa fris ar tus ro-soitea i fheirg . . . fri hElizár, PH 6562 . Note also: sóifid fiannas i cella ┐ i cleirchiu championship will give way to cells and clerics, RC xxvi 40 § 213 . acht corosoie for cula i cobais ┐ an aitrigi, D IV 2, 70ra15 . With o turns away from: ceine nosoifesiu húaim, Ml. 33a1 . rosoisset a toil hua thuil dáe, 124c6 . amal soite a slúaig úad, soid a grád ┐ a gráin for cūlu, ZCP xi 86 § 45 . soaid . . . Dia o na doinib . . . in tan sharaigit he, PH 2354 . With RÉ turns before, is defeated by: sáifiter sluaig re secht cléithe slúaig Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 4976 . fiachtar imaireg aindrenda etorra ┐ soither ria Conall C. puts his enemies to flight, ZCP xiv 260.5 . soidit ind fir riam asin taulaig imsoat Lagin ina ndīaid, Otia ii 86 § 4 . nir soiter do gnuis frit naimdiu, ar ro soisiu remamsa since you retired before me, BNnÉ 304 § 16 .

Part. soithe gl. aversum, Ml. 94c15 . honaib soithib , 46c2 .

Vn. soud.

soud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. soud or dil.ie/38542

Forms: soad, sód, sodad, sódh, sóidh

u, later o, m. Vn. of soïd. Later also soad, sód, sodad. sódh (ón impódh) m. g s. sóidh, IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) the act of turning (trans.): s.¤ a gnuso fri nech frisambi ferc do, Ml. 47d8 . ic s.¤ ind eich dar colptha, RC viii 50.17 . barémid nech díb a aged do ṡ.¤ fodess, TBC-LL¹ 2407 . guidhim na hógha uile | . . . | do shódh móideadh an Ríogh rinn `I pray all the virgins to avert God's anger from me', Dán Dé xxv 58 . do hordaiged . . . i n-a n-agaid cath sanntach . . . dá sōd to defeat them, ML² 1186 . is do R. do dheonaigh an Coimdhe an long so do sodhad for cula doridhisi (of a submerged vessel). BNnÉ 320 § 18 . an chrech do shodhadh tar ais gus na muinteraibh ó ruccaitt, AFM v 1856.5 . In glosses on toud: in fuil ferus a n-uthlach iar todh .i. iar sodh uaithe a[n] neich bis 'n-a broind .i. iar mbreith a laidh, Laws v 152.10 Comm . nuithlech iar toud .i. in lulgach iar soadh a laigh eisti, 260.7 Comm . na boin iar tóu[d] . . . .i. [i]ar mbreith a laoigh esti . . . no iar soudh a laoigh, O'Dav. 1499 .

(b) the act of turning (intrans.): oc soúd do Chuanaig ass, Mór M. 10 . is lond in fer so ol Mani la s.¤ úad, LU 5856 (TBC). ba héiccen do Fiachra . . ┐ do Dathī soadh ó Conall i Connachtaibh to turn away from C. (with whom they were fighting) and go to Connacht, ZCP xiv 238.3 . s.¤ fri nōise, RC xlv 39 § 13 . sódh fri nóis .i. an féineachas do chor ar gcúl, O'Cl. ag soadh dóibh `on returning', AFM v 1456. 16 . Med.: s.¤ cnis name of a skin-disease: impetigo .i. sodh cnis, ACL i 337 § 134 . sód chnis roboí for allus, Cóir Anm. 185 .

(c) a turning, a return : in s.¤ gl. áuersionem, Ml. 86c4 . hua s.¤ .i. á deo gl. aversione sua, 99d7 . huand s.¤ gl. uultús euersione, 110b12 . don ḟót ba soblad in sód | ní fodmad cen a impód, Metr. Dinds. iv 168.23 . créd sód . . . do tog in fairge i nénfecht? `what . . . is the undue revolution that has lifted the ocean?' Caithr. Thoirdh. 31.2 . do fágbas lámoinn lór sain | sódh ní hálainn gan fochain `a return purposeless is uncomely', O'Gr. Cat. 352.24 . Note also: iarraigther isin rand so soudhcuipdius .i. soad cuipdiusa `an internal rhyme', Auraic. 3838 (see salchuibdius).

(d) the act of changing; a change, conversion : soadh ┐ sódh .i. tionntódh no cláochlódh, O'Cl. huand ṡ. gl. conuersione, Ml. 118c1 . bēs mina dhechdais a sōdh crotha, doberainn aichne forro, ZCP v 501.z . ag so daib in sodh anma | tugad ar chatraig Fergna the new name, Fen. 126.7 . in t-esca do shoudh i ndath fola, Ériu ii 138 § 126 . ro-fiugrad . . . esergi Crist a s.¤ flesci Moysi a nathraig, PH 3429 . na faiscre iarna sodh i clocha, Lism. L. 492 . an Fhionnghlais fós iar sódh i seascas, Ó Bruad. i 172.3 .

(e) Fig. turn, mood, experience, behaviour : in tan robai Aenias forin sod sin `while Aeneas was in that mood', Aen. 237 . do b'ingnad leis sódh na sochraide os a cind `the behaviour of the crowd as they stood over her', Celt. Rev. iv 106.y . ionann sódh damhsa ┐ duit | mo chlannsa ní mó maraid, LB 186.9 ( Ir. Syll. Poetry 30 § 5 ). sódh na heilte ní holc dhi | a laogh féin ó théid thairse, DDána 69.26 .

tríallaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tríallaid or dil.ie/41880
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tríall

v ā (tríall)

(a) journeys, travels, traverses: co ro-thríall dia thir, SR 3011 . do nach ailiu bus chiallda, | nodas-trialla co Temair (i.e. dindgnai) `to someone else that shall be wiser, who may traverse them unto Temair,' Metr. Dinds. i 42.68 . is annsin taraill (.i. triallus nó dochuaid) Pátraic co alaile duine, ACL iii 10.29 . in tríath Torolb rothríall cach rían rethach `who had crossed every running sea,' Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 49 . nó go rangamar go hor na hinnsi asar triallamar róimhe sin, BNnÉ 50 § 36 . ro thriallastair Báoithin ... go Rúadan, 328 § 58. mairg triallus cen luing dar ler | mairg triall a hard i n-ísel, SG 363.26 . loingis in rig ... ina triallunn for muir, Marco P. 122 . triallfat a Manguay `I will march into M.', 128 . triallaid tar cuan gcormbogabaigh, DDána 89.3 . amhail luing thriallus tré uisge, TSh. 2152.

(b) attempts, endeavours; seeks after: iar sain triallsat folaimm fair, SR 3253 . triallamm arn-aided, 3627 . nípad rith latsu mo lecunsa a gillai cía no trialltá, LU 3905 ( SCC 41 ). ro triallsom dano in n-áes ndána do marbad, 4027 ( SCC 48 ). ro thríall Dallán a dúain do denam, 383 . co trialta a n-díth co mmenic, IT i 73.14 . muir dar cricha rothriall techt, SR 7767 . i n-agaid mac n-Ammra n-án | triallsat cath calma comlán 'against the noble sons of Amram they brought a great valiant battle' , SR (Greene) 4478 , cf. 6947 . triallait blait 'they seek fame', SR (Greene) 747 . triallaid in máthir ós mnáib | techt úaid ara imgabáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 176.117 . intí triallus ar scaradh, CCath. 430 . is s-ed triallai comalliud in fhorcetail diada, PH 6084 . ni cumann, no na trialla `he is not capable, or let him not try,' Laws ii 14.21 Comm. cia triallait comarba a tindtu, gl. on gia tograid comarba do, v 428.13 Comm. na scuir na eochu ... ní triallaim itir, TBC-LL¹ 1245 . is gat fás flaith cen giallu | nī laech meni trialla treóir `unless he seek sway,' PRIA xix 544 § 18 . ní maith in gniomh ro triallabair, BNnÉ 296 § 31 . ro triallad a marbad la Cathal, RC xxiv 64.8 . rotrialldais snam darin sruth, TTebe 3517 . dá dtrialladh cíogh Dé dúnadh `tried to close,' PBocht 21.6 . triallaidh ó domhnaill soadh tar a ais, AFM v 1432.4 .

(c) brings, guides: corothriall sére d'Isaac, SR 2848 . feib rostriall fo chaiṅgnib ciúin | i n-iathaib ... aniuil, 3525 . ri rodatriall ... do damnad a m-morphectha, 7197 . mar do thriallais as a phiantaib Iobh ciallmhar, Timth. vi 39 § 31.

(d) treats of (literary subject): do réir an adhbair trialltar sa leabur so, O'Gr. Cat. 287.12. a fhir thall trīallus in scél, ZCP xiii 3 § 1.

Vn. tríall.

(e) ? Fig.: triamna imar triallaid mná 'sadness as women experience' Celtica xiii 15.294 .