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? athsuud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? athsuud or dil.ie/4875

 

n ( soud ?): dosoí con[s]oí iterum / ba a.¤ fri gnáth, Trip.² 785 ( ba athnuud, Trip. 72.20 ).

colpthae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colpthae or dil.ie/10536

 

Forms: colpa, calpa, calpa

adj io, iā. Also calp-.

I stout, sturdy, stalwart (?): buind cholbtha remra leó, BDD² 936 (`read buinni colbtha `ankle- rings' ?' ed.). As epithet: Aed Colpdai, ZCP viii 304.25 . Dond Colptha, LL 16061 .

II As subst. io, m. colpa calpa m. IGT Decl. § 2 (p. 39.16) . calpa m., IGT Met. Faults § 147 . thick part of leg between knee and ankle, shank, calf of leg, shin : trilis tara haiss síar. co mbenad a da colptha inna díaid, LU 4520 (TBC). glūne fer la colp[th]a, colpthai fer la traigthe, TBC-I¹ 3551 . druth dala / . . . / colpa saillighi itir da saith, IT iii 103 § 194 . díochuimrigh a cholptha, Ériu xiii 40.6 . etir a glun ┐ colpa, Anecd. ii 79.y . a cinn an c[h]olpa, z. batar inndelldirghe a dha colptai, IT i 120.7 . co mboí oc tīrad a cholptha frisin tenid, Fing. R. 122 . tarrustair a muinter féin for dá colpadhaibh `seized him by the calves of his legs', CCath. 2087 (for da cois cholpta, colpthae, v.ll.). mo dī cholpa ro-clāi dath, ACL iii 233.10 . ō fhosadh a chinn co a c[h]olpa, ML² 1472 . colptha córa cutruma, traigthe tana tónngela, MacCongl. 97.15 . arna calpadaib, Rosa Angl. 34.8 . gemhel . . . / ac snas chúiledh calpthadh `marks the backs of (wrong- doers') legs', Studies 1920, 418.24 . deargcna cleath go caol gcolptha bending down to the ankle(?), O'Hara 4062 .

(b) shank of an animal: la gabail a c.¤ na muicce . . . conda farggaib . . . in croccand inna láim cossin cholpdu, LL 37251 -3. Of the distribution of joints at a feast: laarg do righ . . . colp[th]a ogtigern, IT iii 188 § 10 . colpta, Laws i 48.13 Comm. druid ┐ aire désa / . . . / dlegait colptha caem, LL 3745 . Hence: colpa gl. tibia, Ir. Gl. 146 . cusna colpthaib gl. cum tibiis, Gild. Lor. 188 . ? fecht and dī oc soud ind eich dar colptha. Docuridar in t-ech fót mór da díb croib, LL 13342 `while turning the horse over shanks(?)', RC viii 50.17 .

(c) leggings(?): troighthīni édaigh ┐ colpt[h]adha nó gamaisi (`sockes and quiltes'), RSClára 21b (`for colcadha?; ed.).

As n. loc. see Hog. Onom. s.vv. colpde , colptha , 1 inber.

comṡód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comṡód or dil.ie/11763

 

n ( soud ) act of changing, converting; conversion : ni dó rocinn Dia a comhshódh (of Palladius and the Irish), Lism. L. 232 . a comshod co Dia, PH 3346 . rath comshóthi, 7917 . intí . . . dogní na comṡót[h]i . . . sin, LB 257a37 . comsoid cathimairecc itir da Ua C. exchange of battle, AU i 246.5 .

etrud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etrud or dil.ie/20928

 

Forms: etorrotha, etrotha, eadraidh, eadartha, eadartha, eadarthacha, edrath

n u, o, m. g s. etorrotha [leg. etrotha?] ZCP viii 309 z . eadraidh, eadartha, IGT, Decl. § 49 . pl. eadartha, eadarthacha ib.

I Milking-pail (?): edrath (gl. mulc[t]ra) Ir. Gl. 166 .

II Milking-place (?); milking: oc imain a bó do edrud, RC xvi 36.25 . oc timmargain a cethra do etrud LL 167b20 . issé sin dobeired na hellte d'edruth amal doberid cach nech a ba disli, Acall. 6582 . cuid daimh d'eadradh the ox's part in milking (i.e. the part of one unconcerned) Content. xiv 22 . oc indis etorrotha at a milking station ZCP viii 309 z . Cf. siad uile na n-eadarthachaibh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1286 . etrad fota do biuc buair a long milking Ériu vii 6.33 .

III Milking-time: etrud .i. etar-suth .i. etar madin ┐ fescur...nó edrud .i. rith etir media die , O'Mulc. 470 . etsruth .i. eter-ṡod .i. soud methonach ind laí Corm. Y 554 . an rosaig bo co etrud for ingilt as far as a cow reaches in grazing until milking-time Laws iv 164.8 . tastait...fon cuma sin co hetrad ┐ co n-ēracht cāch [from tierce] `until midday when all arose' BColm. 46.6 . o etarthrath co hetrud, MacCongl. 107.23 .

1 flesc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 flesc or dil.ie/22307
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ḟlesc, ḟlisc, flesca, f., flesc, Flesca, fleisc

n ā, f. n s. ind ḟlesc , Sg. 40b16 . n du. di ḟlisc , 3b19 . n p. flesca, Thes. ii 48.1 .

(a) a rod, wand, stick (cut off a tree, or of metal, esp. one carried in the hand) : gl. virga Hib. Min. 10.340 . ferula Thes. ii 48.1 . vimen 360.25 (Philarg. Ecl. ii 72 ). f.¤ for dib ngablaib lasin conair immetiagat do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili (gl. virgam et baculum) Ml. 45c9 . nír ás frén na f.¤ feda trit riam, LL 5a40 . co nderna cliab bec do fhleascaib cuill, Lism. L. 2401 . femen .i. f.¤ , Auraic. 610 (femen taken as = Lat. vimen). gran ... condafema f.¤ (`so that the flail strip it' Stokes, in O'Dav. 833 ) Laws iv 94.16 Comm. (cf. f.¤ .i. suist, O'Dav. 833 ; f.¤ .i. traigh ut est o ro femadh f.¤ .i. iarna lomadh o fleisg, 898 ). f.¤ līn `scutching-stick' Laws i 150.6 . benaid ... in sruth co fleisc dúir ... co tócband inna anmand súas do chind na flesci LU 2118 ( FA 18 ). soud flesci Moysi a nathraig, PH 3429 . folt ... amal flesca óir, LU 3639 ( SCC 31 ) (cf. folt na bhfleasg bhfáinneach, L. Cl. A. B. 216.40 . See also under flescach I). flesca findarcit inna lámaib (of harpers) LU 7637 ( BDD 119 ). f.¤ airgid 'na láim ac certugud na heachraidhi, CCC 101.13 . co flescaib iarnaidib ... do sroigled ... na pecthach LU 2085 ( FA 15 ). f.¤ óir (fig. of a bishop ), Fél. April 25 . Of angular staves for Ogham inscriptions : Corm. Y 606 (s.v. fé). Ériu xiii 228.3 . ma rosechmaill a ḟlesg ┐ dorinde aīr ib. 5 . co ndernui .iiii. flescca ibair [sic leg.] ┐ scrípuidh oghumm inntib (for divination) IT i 129.21 . vii mbethi a n-aonfleisg do beithi, Auraic. 2804 . See also under (f) below. lath, wattle (in a structure) : coic seoit i ndul tri a tech ... dartaid i fleisc tís, dairt i fleisc thuas, samaisc i cleith this, colpdach i cleith tuas, Laws iv 312.15 ( Críth G. 215 ). Of plectrum for a `timpán' (?) : fleasc gu cairche ced-ceol cain RC xliii 10 (expld. as `a wand with hair, i.e. a bow ,' O'Curry Manners and Customs iii 363 ). See flesc filed, below (f).

(b) a line, stroke: o méit di flescaib bís hisin tórunt .i. mad óenf.¤ is .i. mad di ḟlisc is .n. (gl. ex quantitate figurae linearum) Sg. 3b19 . ind ḟlescsa huasind .m. `this line over the m.' 40b16 . cōic feadha cach aicmi, ┐ is oen co a cōic cach ae .i. aenfleisc co cōic flescaib (i.e. an Ogham letter contains from one to five strokes), Auraic 976 .

(c) a scion, stripling, young person (oft. folld. by defining gen., showing that the metaphor was felt) : ind f.¤ do chlainn Iesse (of the Virgin Mary) SR 7502 . f.¤ gilla óic, Acall. 5225 . fleasg seang a Teamhair (of a chief), A. Ó Dálaigh lv 25 .

(d) F.¤ LÁMA perhaps originally land reclaimed by one's own labour, hence land held in full fee, patrimony, domain: flesc .i. ferand ut est orbu laime na manach ... .i. flesc laime na manuch, O'Curry 570 ( H 3.18, 284 ; MR 62 n .). ferand Fergusa ... f.¤ Find maic R., Metr. Dinds. ii 80 (cf. fleasg lamha .i. fearann, fleasg lamha Finn ... .i. fearann Finn, O'Cl.). ní n-a [f]lesc lama sin fein ... acht a ferann duine aile, Laws iii 426.21 Comm. cland Cobthaig ... ba he a f.¤ láma side coiced Connacht, LU 4081 . ba cóiced Connacht a ruidles (.i. a f.¤ láma), 4083 . o nach hí bar bhfleasc lamha Eriu as Ireland is not your own land MR 62.3 . dar cenn déc [leg. deich ?] ttriucha chéd dá fleiscc lámha fodéisin `his own native territory' AFM ii 1166 . co tír nA. .i. a ḟlesca fírduiche fén, LB 175b55 = flesg lama firduthaig do fein hi, CCellaig 739 . for a ferund ┐ for a leisc lama duthaig a athar, Cog. 64z . The meaning `land' may have arisen from the use of a stick in measuring, cf. Eng. rood (cogn. with rod), or because the extent of jurisdiction was measured by the cast of a `flesc' thrown by a youth ? cf. under flescach III (b).

(e) a hoop, circlet (late sense) ; blaithfleasg `a garland of flowers' Eg. Gl. 684 . f.¤ fhionndruine ima chenn, SG 263.32 (` fillet ' ii 298 ). adeirid ... gur chuir Maoise glas ar an bhfleisc do bhí fá n-a láimh féin ar bhrághaid Ghaedhil `fastened with a lock around the neck of G. the bracelet that he had on his own arm' Keat. ii 290 (apparently a confusion of the `flesc' or rod of Moses with the `tí glas' of the earlier legend, see LB 119a24 fg., Leb. Gab.(i) i 196 ). do bhíodh ... fleasc fá láimh gacha taoisigh mar chomhartha ceannais feadhna, Keat. ii 292 . ro batar leo ... tuagha ..., ni rabhator fleascca náid ecclonna forro febh baoi for biailibh na nGall `rings nor chains' Hugh Roe 166z (f. 45a) . fleasg óir arna heagar | fana fholt, Duan. F. ii 392 § 82 .

(f) f.¤ filed (fileta)

(1 ) poet's wand, stave: cend na flesci filed (used in divination,cf. IT i 129 , cited above under (a)), Corm. Y 323 . fuath a bhfleasg ag fileadhuibh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1212 (perh. ` ogham staves ' here ? see under (a) above). ro gabastair ... a fhlesc fhileta fhindruine, SG 239z . ro chroith a fhlesc fhileta fhiled i ndorus in baile ┐ do chuala in dóirseoir in fuaim sin, 240.3 .

(2 ) poet's fillet, wreath (mark of his calling) : fleasg file fána cheann, ITS i 84.5 (cf. e above).

(g) doubtful meanings : f.¤ .i. fāl no ime ut est dá carpat ┐ ech etarro a lethat ┐ f.¤ uime .i. ime uime, O'Dav. 870 = flesga ime, Ériu xiii 33.25 (a hedge, rail ?. Cf. Ml. 45c9 above under (a)). flesg .i. bun fich, Metr. Gl. 13 (= fich bunaid hereditary land ? Cf. (d) above ; `a root of fighting' Auraic. Gloss. p. 337 ).

As npr. m. Dinds. 19 . Metr. Dinds. iii 30 ; 36 . (name of a cupbearer, prob. in sense (a)). Cf. Flesca (name of a woman-messenger), TTreblainne, B. Fermoy 68b ( ZCP xiii 170.1 ). a s. fleisc ib.

Compds. ¤bémnech switching, smiting with rods: f. na slat ┐ na n-echlasc, CCath. 1836 . ¤buille a swish of a rod or stick: fuaimm f., Ériu iii 14 § 8 . ¤fáinnech: Fraingc fhleasgfháinneach (: Easbāinneach), Celtica xxvi 104 § 43 . folt ... fleasgfáinnech ` ringletted ' Ériu v 64.3 . Cf. LU 3639 , quoted under (a) above. See also echlasc, forflesc.

fo-émid, for-émid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-émid, for-émid or dil.ie/22654
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -fémd-, forémid, forḟémid, foremdim, forémid, faemdet, femdit, forḟemid, foremmid, forémid, foremestair, foremdetar, forḟemdetar, foremdes, -ded

v ( fo-ess-mid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 579 ) protot. -fémd-; not represented in O.Ir. Glosses. The form forémid is prob. due to infixed potential -ro-; often with inorganic f forḟémid ( SR 3209 etc.). Pres. 1 s. foremdim, LL 284b29 . 3 s. forémid, LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). faemdet, Ériu vi 135.57 . 3 pl. femdit, LU 8555 ( FB 41 ). perf. 3 s. forḟemid, SR 3209 . foremmid, LU 8397 ( FB 27 ). forémid, LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). foremestair, BB 492b29 . pl. foremdetar, Thes. ii 344.36 . forḟemdetar, TBC-LL¹ 1564 . Pass. perf. foremdes -ded, see III below.

I As personal act. vb.

(a) is unable, fails (to do something), with vn. or equivalent as obj.: forémdim tairnim I cannot bend Fél. 154x = LL 284b29 . forḟemdinn a thimargain I could not constrain him SR 1338 . forfémmedus cach rét nogniind remi do dénam I was unable to do all that I used to do before LU 1319 ( Imr. Brain ii 290 , uaremedhus, baremidus v.l.). forféimdhius-sa sealladh fair I could not bear to look at it BNnÉ 93 § 203 . uair forémid ní dó since he could do nothing to him (i.e. could not influence him) PH 4726 = forémdid, 4891 . dammidethar fá dí día lémaim ┐ forémid, LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). barémid nech díb a aged do ṡoud fodess none of them could turn southwards TBC-LL¹ 2407 (corresp. to : connāchcǣmnacair ... ronucad a ainech secha fades itir Delca ┐ muir, TBC-I¹ 1745 ). forḟemid cor de could not stir Trip. 450.6 ( LB 26b12 ). forḟeimidh in mogh a tógbáil the slave was unable to raise it Cóir Anm. 40 . foremdid immáin a bo, Lat. Lives 83 = forḟeimigh, Lism. L. 1588 . forḟemdid lasin aingel a mallachad, LB 123a1 = foremidh risin a., YBL 294a8 (of Balaam). huair forḟemid ... a óentagud do Ioseph SR 3209 (the wife of Potiphar) = triallais in ben forecin fairsium uair forḟemid ais, LB 115b10 (forfemhidh hi chena YBL 286b4 , but: foremidh he chena, 63b29 . BB 237b43 ). carraig ... foremestair Ercail do thogail, BB 492b29 . foremdetar Ui F. a turcbáil, Thes. ii 344.36 . barrobratar in ṅGlassi ┐ forḟemdetar a techt, TBC-LL¹ 1564 (= nior fedsat teact tairsi St). tancatar ... fri taeb na Glassi, dáig fosremdetar a techt, 1582 . forḟemdhetar a chosc oc bendachad mac nIsrahel, LB 123a4 = rofeimdetar, YBL 294a10 ( Num. xxii - xxiv ). do feimgedur dol forin caslen, Ann. Conn. 1246 § 8 (= ni roḟedsat dol FM). cach ndoraid forfeimdibitis fir Erenn every difficulty the men of Ireland should fail to solve Dinds. 117 . Cf. femdeth gail, SR 3155 .

With pers. obj. in ellipt. sentence: tuc M. a máthair a gentlidecht; forémdid im[morro] a athair (Patre in malis perseverante) Lat. Lives 91 .

Cf. nosfémded cach dechenbar `no ten men were a match for him' Metr. Dinds. iii 156 .

(b) refuses, shirks (doing something): ni dlig a dilsi co forfemde cach `he is not entitled to the ownership until everybody refuses (disclaims) it' Laws v 262.4 . rosfeimdetar fir Fótla ... altram Néill, Ériu iv 94 § 10 (Rawl. = forḟeimdetar LL). foreimidseat Bretain a mbiathad refused to feed them Todd Todd Nenn. 84 . indrocht fír fo-n-éimed fiadain 'fraudulent (unlawful ?) is an attestation that witnesses disclaim' ZCP xxix 177 . See éimdid.

II In impers. construction (act.) in sense (a) : dolluid crini chucum-sa ... ┐ forémed imtecht I was unable to walk LU 1241 ( Imr. Brain ii 287 ; addró imthecht v.l.). With FOR: forfeimidh forra a erslagadh, Hugh Roe² (f. 4a ) = forḟémhidh, AFM vi 1898.16 .

With acc. FOR: conattecht Medb Fergus ... do chomrac ra Coin Culaind, ar rosfemmid ḟiru hErend the men of Ireland had refused (had failed ?) to do so TBC-LL¹ 2858 = ro emgeatar fir E. dul do chomhrac St.

III Pass. constr.:

(a) forfeimdes a hergaire no one could hinder him SR 4808 (of Balaam). rucad iarum do muliund Ratha C. ... ┐ foremthes a bleith it could not be ground Thes. ii 335.31 . forreimdes [foremthes v.l.) a mbreith la Buchat B. was unable to take them RC xxv 30 § 13 . forémdes ... o Chobthach dul issin tech C. was unable to enter LL 270a12 ( ZCP iii 7 § 24 , foroemthes, atroas v.l.). da laeg ..., foréimdes comairle forru co ndergena fiadmíla díb two calves ... they could not be controlled, so they went wild LL 165a49 (= conad feta ni dib nothing could be done with them RC xvi 153 ). forfeimdhetth breth ┐ eraic ar méd an tsaraighthe judgment and compensation could not be awarded BNnÉ 313 § 4 . roféimed ní dó nothing could be done for him (of a sick man) Acall. 7571 . ro femed a airium ... ar marbad do Gallaib the number of foreigners slain was past counting Cog. 38.1 .

In sense (b): atbert in ben ... fri hIosep dul ina coemthach ... forḟemdius tra o Iosep inni sin J. refused to do so LB 115a53 .

fri

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fri or dil.ie/24329
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: frimm, rimm, frim, frím, frium, frimsa, friumsa, frit, fritt, friutt, fritsu, rut, rutt, fris, friss, frissom, f., frie, friae, frise, frie, frinn, rinn, rind, friunn, riund, frind, frinni, raindi, frinnai, frib, frithib, fribsi, friu, friú, friu, friü, frithiu, friithu, friusom, riom, rum, riot, rut, ris, ria, rinn, ruinn, ribh, ruibh, riú, r, frim, frit, fria, friar, fribar, fria, frim, frim, frim, ram, frit, frit, frit, rit, rat, rot, friar, friar, fribar, fribar, fria, fria, fria, re-na, rena, fria, fris(s)a, frisi-, risi-, fris-, ris-, frismbiat, fris-mbruchta, fris, fris, fris, risa, frisin-, frisnid, risnad, ris, fria, frisa, re n-, fria-, re, ra-n-adh, re, re, ré, freisin, FRI

prep. with acc. For etymology see Thurneysen, GOI § 839 , Fraser ZCP viii 37 , J. E. C. Williams, Celtica iii 126 . In later spelling prefixes h- to following initial stressed vowel; does not leníte following consonant (cf. frinna aill, Sg. 45a16 . fri nnach ..., Ml. 75a9 , fri nnech 23c20 ; but fri nech further on in same gloss and regularly elsewhere); the initial s- of the article following fri is preserved. In Middle Irish gradually replaced by the forms RI, RE (already in Ml: oc eregim re Abisolon, 44b4 , cf. fre, 90c27 ); RA (common in some LL texts, see CRR 54 , TBC-LL¹ 499 , 602 , 740 , etc.); rarely RO ( SR 1990 ZCP xiii 204 15 ); FRIA, RIA, RE also common. Hence in Early Mod. Ir. there is occasionally confusion with , RÍA `before', see Bergin's note Stor. Keat. p. xix , and section IX (e) below. Apart from this the latter prep. sometimes replaces FRI after fáilid, fáilte and kindred words (as in Mod. Ir.). On the parallelism of some of the pronominal forms of FRI with those of LA see GOI l.c. (with Translator's n. 178 ). Though FRI still appears in some later texts, especially those of the archaising type, it had become obsolete in the classical language. Its later form (RI, RE) remains down to the end of the Early Mod. period and is recognized by the grammarians as distinct from LE (LA), see IGT, Introd. § 75 , 24 P 8, 194 ( IGT VI , Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 7 ). In the modern spoken lang. it is replaced partly by LE, partly by CHUN (O.-Ir. dochum). For a contrary development cf. Engl. `with,' originally `against,' which has absorbed the functions of A.S. mid `(together) with.'

In development of meaning generally FRI shows a remarkable parallelism with Engl. ` with '; it also agrees with ` against ' in several senses.

Forms: With suff. pron.

sg. 1 frimm St. Paul Codex Thes. ii 298.17 . rimm, IT i 123.24 . frim, SR 1422 , 2049 . LU 5228 . LL 110b26 . frím Ml. 38c19 . frium, Ml. 71b9 . frimsa, Wb. 26d17 . Ml. 33a18 . friumsa, Ml. 127a2a .

2 frit, Wb. 5a31 . 10a29 ; Ml. 103d14 . SR 1425 . fritt LL 93a10 . 249b1 . friutt, PCr. 62b2 (= ḟrit, Sg. 151a3 ). fritsu Ml. 91d8 . 112b8 . rut, SR 2031 IT i 123.15 . rutt, LL 110b27 .

3 m., n. fris, Wb. 14c37 . 15a1 . 22c15 . ACL iii 304 [: [Mael] mis]. (: eisleis). SR 6109. 6317 . ([mēt] anfis) LL 33b21 . friss, Wb. 2c24 . 3c6 . 6a4 . 8a12 . 14d22 ; Ml. 91a21 . frissom Wb. 5d39 .

f.¤ frie, Sg. 72b1 . Ml. 40c15 . 67d15 . friae, 130c9 . Wb. 28a20 . cf. frise, Ml. 74c21 , which Ascoli corrected to frie ( Thes. i 722b ).

pl. 1 frinn, Wb. 4b12 . 17b10 . 19d22 . rinn, Ml. 54a3 . SR 1821 . rind, SR 1905 (: herḟi[o]nd). friunn, Ml. 38d20 . riund TBC-LL¹ 1874 . frind, LL 177b39 . frinni, Wb. 17b32 . 17c5 ; Ml. 32c15 . 93a13 . 106c12 . raindi, BColm. 68.9 . frinnai Ml. 91c9 . 114a8 .

2 frib, Wb. 17b16 . 22d9 . 24d26 . cf. frithib, Ériu iv 162.13 . fribsi, Wb. 14c42 . 17b14 .

3 friu, Wb. 4a10 . 4c37 . 24a4 ; Ml. 54c23 , 72b22 , 110c9 . LL 35a21 (: fiú) friú, Wb. 17b9 . Ml. 74a2 , diss. friu, Hy. V. 54 , cf. friü: at-chiü, ACL iii 294 § 10 ; frithiu, Blathm. 94 § 17 ; friithu, LU 4671 (see further GOI 515 ). friusom, Wb. 20c25 ; Ml. 17c5 , 54c18 ; 26 .

For forms found in later texts see citations below.

In the Early Mod. Grammatical Tracts the forms given are: riom, rum; riot, rut; ris; ria; rinn, ruinn; ribh, ruibh; riú, r, 24 P 8 194 ( Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 7 ).

With following poss. pron.: frim, frit, fria, friar, fribar, fria, e.g. frim ort. Wb. 29d2 . frim peccad, 28a14 . frim foraithmet, Ml. 23d9 ; ram anmain, TBC-LL¹ 3692 (rem St.). frit adrad su, Ml. 136c11 . frit c[h]ele, 70d2 ; frit laim, SR 5854 . rit láim, TBC-LL¹ 3055 . rat láma, 3052 . rot chlaind, SR 2031 . friar corp, Wb. 15c22 . friar fochric, 33a9 ; fribar n-ícc, Wb. 24b3 . fribar pecthu, 13b19 ; fria mbriathra, Wb. 31b30 . In Mid. Ir. the form `fria' is often used for the simple prep., hence occas. fria a = prep. + 3 s. pron. In Early Mod. Ir. 3 s. and pl. form re-na sometimes appears: rena ardnaem, BCC § 12 (see III c below). fria n-a, Fl. Earls 214.4 . Cf. the n- prefixed to poss. after le, ó, tre in Mod. Irish.

With rel. pron.: O. Ir. fris(s)a n ...; Mid. Ir. also frisi-, risi-, fris-, ris-: frismbiat, Sg. 202b3 . fris-mbruchta, Fél. June 21 . fris n-agar, E. 406 . fris-reith, Prolegomena 302 . fris-tarddam, Thes. ii 293.19 . risa n-abar, Acall. 53 , etc. With cop. frisin-, frisnid, risnad ail, LB 257b9 . ris na duthracht 256a44 . fria ndechraiged (= frisa nd.) Sg. 28a14 may be a mistake. In later MSS. the form re n- becomes common: fria-cosmailend, PH 7674 . re ndubairt, 7464 . ra-n-adh KMMisc. 156. 124 . re n-abar, Acall. 1241 , etc. re rāiter, Ériu viii 139.4 . ré raibhe, Keat. ii 4467 , etc.

Composition.

(a) In vn. and prototonic verbal forms, before a vowel, frith-; before a cons. fre-, e.g. frecre, fretech; with syncope of a follg. vowel, fres-, e.g. frescsiu, fresndid, fresndís, fresngabal. In Glosses fri is often used in compos. with a vb. to represent Lat. ob-. Later frith- is used before cons. with or without lenition of following cons.: see frithgnam, frithsét, etc.

(b) In deuterotonic verbal forms fris-; before an infixed pron. in rel. construction frith- or friss-: fritum-chomart-sa (= frith-dum-) Wb. 33a12 ; but friss-idn-oirctis, Ml. 39a20 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 147 and cf. Strachan's OIPG⁴ ed. Bergin, p. 27 n. 2 ).

SYNOPSIS OF MEANINGS.

N.B.—The classification is perforce somewhat arbitrary as, perhaps in the majority of instances, the meaning could derive from the original sense in I. Cf. J. E. C. Williams Celtica iii 122 ff .

I Of local relations

(a) towards, facing, turned to ;

(b) against (touching; cf. d); alongside, down along, by ;

(c) against (implying violent or hostile action);

(d) next to, at, in contact with (cf. b).

II To express association, along with, beside (both of local and mental relations).

III To express figurative direction

(a) aim, purpose (cf. VI), frequently of function, specific purpose;

(b) after adj. in sense of Lat. gerund or with ad or supine in -u;

(c) to express direction of feelings, behaviour towards (cf. I a);

(d) of prayer, etc. to ;

(e) of opposition to, hostile feeling, attitude towards ;

(f) to express protection, guard, watch against, also limitation, boundary;

(g) in elliptical sentences with these meanings.

IV

(a) after adjs., nouns or verbs expressing resemblance, equality or comparison;

(b) to express difference, distinction from .

V

(a) with respect to, with regard to ;

(b) on account of:

(c) on behalf of ;

(d) according to, in agreement with (cf. II).

VI To denote occasion

(a) with vn. or other abstract after subst. verb or equivalent;

(b) denoting the occasion (event, cause, etc.) on which something takes place.

VII To denote mental subjective attitude, in the opinion of .

VIII

(a) to denote agent;

(b) to denote instrument through, by means of .

IX In expressions of time

(a) in O.-Ir. in locatival sense;

(b) to denote period during which something continues or takes place;

(c) fixing a limit within which something takes place;

(d) of point of time;

(e) used for RIA ` before .'

X In regular or occasional construction with many verbs.

A classified list of the instances in Wb is given by Fraser ZCP viii 37 ff .

I Of local relations

(a) towards, facing, turned to: do rosc frisna nemdaib = looking heavenward SR 1604 . a n-aiged fri Dia facing God LU 2048 ( FA 12 . Cf. III c). a lām chlē fri muir the sea on their left SR 4074 (see lám). do cumlaiset for fairgi ┐ dochorsatar aurlunn fri tir, Corm. Bodl. s.v. prull . bai D. 'sa druim fri fraig D. had his back to the door SR 6053 . is amlaid bai in gilla ┐ a druim fria thigerna, TBC-I¹ 2327 (see druim(m)). Ethne ... fria chossa E. (standing) at his feet (i.e. at the foot of the bed) LU 3300 ( SCC 10 ). Carpre ... 's a hucht ra hág, LL 32b49 (see ucht). a druim re dimsachaib, a des fri deiblenaib, ZCP viii 204 § 26 . an let[h] bis rinne don rē the side of the moon turned towards us ITS xiv 90.19 . fri bun cruche at the foot of the gallows Mon. Tall. § 1 . síl nÁdhuimh ... re sáluibh a senathar at the heels of (i.e. following) Ériu iv 118 § 33 . níor chubaidh tigearna ... d'ḟágbáil re caladh on the beach [i.e. when about to land; perh. fig. cf. beirid i gcaladh brings to safety, see 1 calad] viii 139.23 . dā traig .x. ... a [sic leg.] fot fri dún its length towards the stockade (of the internal slope of an earthen rampart) Laws iv 336.23 . dā dúncladh ... ré dá taebh na clasach along both sides of the fosse CCath. 1747 . ní thurcaibh crand ... cét míle fria taebhaibh within a hundred miles from (lit. towards) its sides Marco P. 11 [cf. the temporal use IX (c)]. See also phrases s.v. agad, ais, enech, gnúis, sáil, taeb, ucht.

This use is regular in Old-Ir. in stating relative position: fri Grecia aniar ... fri Etáil anáir west of Greece ... east of Italy Wb. 6d17 . fri Alpai ndesiu (gl. cisalpina) Sg. 217b8 . frie anall ... frie desiu (gl. ultra ... citra) 71b1 , 2 . fri Ath F.D. desiu, TBC-I¹ 2183 . frie anechtair outside it Ml. 40c15 . fri Pardus amuich outside Paradise SR 111 . ra chuala sa fri hEmain andess I heard it (as I was) to the south of Emain LU 5056 . altoir fri dorus antuaid, SR 4261 [cf. la taeb ind rigthaige aniar, LL 3810 (30a) ]. a mmag fris anair the plain in front of him LL 122a33 . co ndechaid [in gai] triana chend ┐ co ro marb nónbur ris aníar behind him 121a21 . frit aniar, LU 4134 . is e a chorp in taitneamach rit anall the shining one opposite thee RC xxiv 60 . Also fig. : foscichret i crandchor ... fáicebthair Lugaid fris anechtair they will cast lots for it... L. will be left out of the chance RC xiii 444x ( LL 289b8 ). See also s.v. lám (fri l.).

It is doubtful whether: i mbae neach fri hopair immuig BB 362a21 (= Dinds. 20 ) is an instance of this construction; the literal meaning here is was anyone at a work outside ? The Rennes `amuig' is perhaps merely a late spelling.

After verb or vn.: tan turcbad E. a di láim fri Coimdid nime, SR 5085 . suidig do da laim fri ... clasp thy hands (in prayer) to ... 1606 . rosecroth a chend frisin slúag brandished his (severed) head at the host LU 5269 . crothad in chind frisin slóg, 5280 . donnochtat a mbruinni fris bared their bosoms to him 5199 . rochoraig fri tenid he arranged [them] before the fire RC xiii 6.21 . roscóraig gnúis fri gnúis (see gnúis) LU 2046 ( FA 12 ).

Cf. tuídhleach ind óir frisin ngréin the glistening of the gold against the sun BDD 1 . crand airgit ris tatin grían LU 3700 ( SCC 33 ).

(b) against (touching), alongside, down along by: doesetar ┐ a nglūne fri talmain, TBC-I¹ 3164 . éc fri hadart death against a pillow i.e. a natural death Lib. Hymn. i 62.72 (see adart). fri etnu dam ... bátár fedmand la firu Herend = [till then] the loads had been harnessed to the foreheads of the oxen LU 10816 (= Ériu xii 178 ). tennait a n-ette fria curpu press their wings against their sides LU 2281 ( FA 33 ). cf. doimmaircet ind eoin a n-ette friu ┐ a cossa can scibud ette ná cosse co tairic in precept the birds fold their wings, etc. LU 1361 . dosnimthasa i llai a broit fri a bruinde `gathered her to his bosom in the fleece of his cloak' Ériu xii 154y . co tard a druim frisin liic leaned his back against the stone LU 3284 ( SCC 8 ). dossleced fria thoeb he let them (i.e. his arms) fall to his sides SR 5091 = no thimoirced a lama fria thoeb, LB 124b29 (cf. LU 1361 above).

In local sense of attached to or pending from: úathroic ... cona cimais do banór fria having a fringe LU 6421 . beilge óir friu golden bits on them TBFr. § 3 . srian ... fria graig, LU 3649 . Cf. srian do thabairt fria thoil to bridle his passion PH 4990 (see srían). Cf. la I (a).

Here perhaps: i ngialnai fri fraigid in hostage-ship at the wall LU 7015 ; 7295 ( BDD 66 ; 94 ). (of the brazen serpent, Numbers xxi 9 :) turgabar fri crann ... uasin [t]slúag fri sirsellad let it be hung on a pole to be gazed at SR 4163 .

Cf. an carracc ard ar cuiretar ... an Tigerna da teilgen ría sís to cast him down from it Maund. 106 . tuitim sioss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86z .

(c) against (implying violence or hostility; cf. III e): rop saiget húan fri demnai, Hy i 20 . friu conuccaib ind oub, Hy v 54 . conéracht Glaiss Ch. friu the stream C. rose against them (= to bar the way) LU 5362 . Cf. conocbath in carpat fris ... ┐ concligtis ind h[e]ich fris the chariot would tilt up before him and the horses would spring at him Ériu vi 134.21 . bēim a cinn fri cloich, Ml. 139c3 . beim cind fri hall, LL 225b38 (see benaid). esarcain cind fri hallib, 176b33 . aiges (feras) in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.19 (21) . cf. FB 44 , see fri. See also phrases with cúl, druim(m), lám).

(d) next to, at: folt dond fri toind a chind, folt croderg iar n-airmedon, LU 2564 . dond fri toind cind, 6542 . lene de sról ... i custul fri gelcnes ... dó, 6296 . léne ... sita fria gelchnes, 1810 . cona luirigh ... ria cnes ... ┐ lethan sciath fria gualaind, Stair Erc. 1243 . In this use frequent with ais, cnes, taeb.

II To express association, along with, beside (of local or mental relations, cf. V d): ní bí friu hi comasndeis it is not with them in apposition Sg. 212a5 . in tan mbís nihelas do .u. fri .g. when u is silent beside g, 6b11 . nobiad fri femen `it would be [used] with the feminine' 207b2 . ní biat remsuidigthi friu `there are no prepositions with them' 215a5 (cf. biit remsuidigthi ... cen briathra leo ib. 6). See also s.v. comṡuidigud. is tabarthi `bonum est' fri cechtar in da fersa so, Ml. 112d1 . cen tabairt anman trén fríu, 30a9 (see do-beir). ni bai crand dond indsi fri aroile (i.e. the walls were shattered) Anecd. i 2.5 . ar choibnius frisna comaccomla sa, Sg. 203a10 . in oentid fri Crist, Wb. 15a12 . ni ba suair[c] comlepaid no comaentu frissi, TBC-LL¹ 2079 (fris St) In: ni reid bith fris im longud no im ligi, LU 5957 , the meaning may be different; see atá (fri). toeb fri toeb ata in ri is Eocho F. side by side LU 2839 (see taeb). comaitecht re hairdrigh, ZCP viii 116.5 . méraid ra cách a chumne TBC-LL¹ 740 (here perhaps: meraid hua chlaind fri claind Ml. 100b4 ). is frit mo chairde `with Thee is my compact' Fél. Ep. 534 . (see cairde). iar corai fri I. after making a pact with I. SR 5946 . Cf. córe fri Dia, Wb. 2d16 . is core doib fribsi (gl. salutate invicem) 18b19 . bad chore dúib friu, 7b4 ; - 14 (`lit. let it be peace to you towards them' Thes., but the original meaning of córe points to `with' as the sense of the prep. here). Cf. also: biid pax libsi fri cách (gl. cum omnibus hominibus pacem habentes) 5d33 .

Here probably: isi no beired teora pōc fria cach copān ... dō, TBC-I¹ 2218 . Cf. further: hi cocetul fri Eman in unison with Hib. Min. 4.12 . do dlommad E. is A. ... fri gorta, SR 1419 . ara toimlid fri sid sain | toirthi Parduis, 1085 . taed as fri sidh ┐ fri subha `let him go ... in peace and happiness' AFM 979 .

In this sense with verbs of joining, connecting, also occasionally with verbs of motion and in nominal phrases, such as imma llé fri, immaróen fri, see s.v. , óen (cf. Ériu xiv 142 n . ) also cos, taeb.

In: crithnaigset ... immar bocsimin fri sruth the meaning of the prep. is doubtful. curtar a fuigill re sruth ┐ re fairgi `be the remnant cast out to be carried off by the sea-tide' O'Gr. Cat. 182w . Cf. perhaps: Drochet Atha do dhul re sruth `D. was carried away by the flood' ALC i 260.7 , though these may be exx. of the confusion of re (FRI) with le (LA). curcas fri sruth, FB 44 ; `against a stream' Strachan ZCP iii 419 . Cf. Ériu i 194.4 . See 1 téit and la I (d).

Passing into sense in addition to: tris fer friu (gl. te tertium) Sg. 2a5 . cethri chet bliadan ... a noe sechtmogat fri sein, Rawl. 68b31 ( ZCP iii 18 ). Cf. is fri ni dona salmaib dognid a figild, Mon. Tall. § 5 . fris sin moreover, besides , Leb. Gab.(i) i 88.1 . Hugh Roe 114.1 (f. 30b) . Cf. mod. freisin. For a special sense of with see Mon. Tall. cited under V (d).

III To express fig. direction (cf. V a);

(a) aim, purpose, freq. of function, specific purpose: cen nech dim chlaind frim foraithmet to preserve my memory Ml. 23d9 . ce notechtad ilgotha fri inchosc in mrechtraid sin `that it should possess many sounds to express that variety' Sg. 197a11 . ní fris arícht fri slond persine it was not for that it was invented, to signify person ib. (cf. cid arna airecht pronomen ... dia ṡlund, 198b3 ). in bríg frissa ndéntar a saithar sin the value for which that labour is performed Wb. 11a9 . am loor fri cach reit (gl. ego ... dedici, in quibus sum, sufficiens esse) 24b16 . altoir ... | fri loscud n-edpart an altar for burning [ = on which to burn] offerings SR 4162 . dá magh ... do ṡlaidhi ... co rabad do grés fri geilt do ceithrib ┐ fri trebad do daīnib, Ériu xii 150.6 . primepscop ... accu fri huirdned a n-oessa graid, fri coisecrad a n-eclas ┐ fri hanmchairdes do ḟlaithib, etc. Ériu i 218.2 . sechtmoga fer fria cobair to aid them SR 4196 . drong ngilla ... fri timthirecht, 6280 . ra ergitar ... dalemain fri dail, LL 173a27 ( CRR 13 ). mōr salm | fri hindarba plāg-tedmann, BColm. 70.8 . slóged hi crích ... fri indnaide slogid tairse a hosting into a country to delay a hosting (coming) across it Críth G. 511 . fergniae fri forngaire ndoirseo, 591 . In this sense perhaps in: fót fri haltóir, see 1 fót (d). pars de feoil fri foimtin terci as a precaution against scarcity Mon. Tall. § 12 . Here perhaps: dognith Saul intleda ... fri Duaid used to lay snares against D. Ml. 30a3 . techt do Roim ... fri foglaim n-ecnai, Trip.² 241 . roairis re sloind senchasa he remained to relate Ériu iv 152.6 [or remained relating ? See VI (a)]. cid frisi farcbad int id for what end the withe was left LU 4752 (= cid imma ndernad int id, TBC-LL¹ 597 ). cid frisindrolais in cloich why hast thou thrown the stone ? LU 5092 . o tancamair friss `since we have come for it' ( = for that purpose) Fél. 72.24 (cf. inní imo tainic ib. 30 ). co ndernur inní fris tánac LU 4347 . Cf. doluid Saul fri tāirsin David i fus, SR 5959 . lurech imme ... fri cathugud, SR 5757 . treb Leue ... immon eclais fria immarchur, 4883 . docúaidh B. frissan umaloitt sin gusin muilenn `on that service' BNnÉ 26 § 19 . téit féin re toisc ┐ re túrus a crichaib na hEspáine on business CCath. 1806 , cf. do chuaidh gach aon rea dtoisgibh ┐ rea dturasaibh féin, ML 26x (= le tosgaib fein, ML² 347 ). The follg. perhaps are elliptical: the idea represented is anticipating, forestalling: dogniad pars de feoil fre terci do t[h]ecmong = as a provision against the occurrence of scarcity Mon. Tall. § 12 . do na .u. gaiscedaib dec no bitís ... hi tegluch C. fri maidm n-airm no fri gabáil ngasced do neoch LU 5046 . Cf. Fél. Nov. 14 cited VI b.

(b) after adjs. in sense of Lat. gerund with ad or supine in -u: leiscc .i. fri fognam, Wb. 31b23 . conid mesc fria rim so that it is confusing to count it LU 4794 . ba gnim ṅdangen fri himluad, SR 7229 . ingnad fria innisin, LU 2074 ( FA 15 ). adhbal rea n-innisi prodigious to recount ZCP viii 204 § 26 . cenco beth ... and acht C. ba lór fri immarbaig, LL 107a19 ( Ériu iv 28 ). lia iná rúainne ... re n-áireamh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1201 . Cf. atait ... re a ttaispenadh go follus are plainly to be seen Fl. Earls 50.12 . In this use modern Irish has le (LA).

(c) to express direction of feelings; behaviour towards, after nouns or adjs., both of persons and things (cf. I a and V a): conroib deserc leu fri cách, Wb. 26d22 . fáilte fri noíbu, 7b2 (see fáilte). ar formut fribsi, 12c29 (see format and formtech). ropat ḟáilti frimsa, Fél. Dec. 18 (see fáilid). hissel fri hard, sleman fri garb, ZCP iii 447z . anmne fri fochaidi, 449.15 (see ainmne). mailli fri cloc slowness at (answering) the bell ib. 21 . dána fri tōla tromsluaig daring in face of an army SR 5778 . uair ná dernsam huimli fri forngaire, 1854 . ar gart friu for generosity to them ZCP viii 313.12 . créd nach frim atā a maithe ? why is not their bounty bestowed on me ? ACL iii 296 § 38 . ní ar maith friu it is not for their good Wb. 4b37 . ar ulc friu, Ml. 72b22 . tar aesi n-uilc huai[m] se friusom, 74a2 (see also s.v. maith, olc). bad chert do cluchi frim play fair with me LU 5228 . ar ngabáil bāide ... dō rena ardnaem having conceived affection for his high saint BCC § 12 . lére duit frí ríg ngréne ┐ réde fri doíni, Ériu i 193 . is buide linn frib (gl. rogamus vos) Wb. 25a39 (see 2 buide). is maith robai Dia rind, SR 1905 . ní maith ro mbátar frim they have not treated me well LU 4891 . Cf. is maith ro ngabus fritt, TBFr. § 11 . bad faitig frisin foirin sin (gl. observate eos) Wb. 24a23 (see faitech). bid cennuis a gnuis risin lucht ra-nadh (= frisndid) rathmar to whom he is gracious KMMisc. 156.124 . in maith frit menma ind airdríg whether the king is well-disposed to thee SR 6114 . ba fearr di frib menma bar mathar, RC xxiv 56 ( YBL 206a47 ). Cf. is beite duit menma fris `thou must take heed of him' Ériu xii 176.16 . Similarly in expressions like: do-gní maith (trócaire, etc.) fri (see do-gní). nech no comaildfed fir fer frimb uime RC xiii 29.6 .

(d) of prayer, etc. to: irnigde fri Dia, Wb. 4d18 . cf. abstanait fri Dia, PH 4988 . ro throiscset ... fri Dia im a ḟurtacht, 7258 (see troiscid). im aīne fri Dia cora faillsigthi dō ... fasting towards God, that ... might be revealed to him Ériu v 120.12 . Similarly: frit, a rí ..., mo dēr | conom thī ... Mīchēl, SR 2091 . co ndēraib frisin coimdid, PH 6292 . (cf. use with ad-teich). cossoít a thuaithe fri Dia, Wb. 5a23 (see cosaít). Here, perhaps, should come such expressions as the following: ar Christ frit, aithirigh pēin dam, Cáin Ad. 13 . ar do chubus riut, a ingen, crét tuc ort ?, Acall. 6012 . ar bar cubus rib..., crét..., 5476 . ar fir do chubais riut..., 5824 . cf. 4544 . ar t'ḟírinne riutsa, nā furáil, CCath. 1659 .

(e) of hostile feeling, attitude, conduct towards: fri aicned contrary to nature Wb. 2c25 . ba fri aicned ... in talam ... do indluch, Ml. 129d8 . frisin n-uall (gl. adversum inflationem mentis) 68c1 . trifar pecthu fri Dia through your sins against God 115b8 . Common after verbs of opposing, hindering, fighting: hóre nád comeicnigther nech fri toil no one is constrained against [his] will Wb. 28b1 . tuidecht fri toil Dé resistance to God's will 4c23 (see do-tét). cf. o dorala ... | frim thala mac I. | duit ... | niba céle SR 6014 , where opposition seems implied despite the similar phrase cited below under V (d). soud a gnuso fri nech frisa mbi ferc do (gl. ne auertas [faciem tuam] a me Ml. 47d8 (`to turn his countenance from one against whom he cherishes anger' Thes., but surely `fri nech' here must also mean either against ... or towards ... ? See soïd). fergach fris Fíadu, SR 6837 . iar ndebaid do fri Duid, 6994 . na cathaig frim do not contend with me 2877 . ni sirsan do Ch. a n-imned i tá a óenur fri firu Herend not happy for C is the trouble in which he is, alone against the men of E. LU 5995 . Cf. do thoitim fria Cu | ba dirsan sad that thou shouldst fall by [ = fighting against] C. (?) TBC-I¹ 2715 (see also III g). Mairg fris ticfa a ḟerg ... Mairg ticfa re cert, Fen. 200 (see do-icc). ar bruc fris `in displeasure at him' Mon. Tall. § 58 . namthi garga fri sluagh nA., ACL iii 297 § 55 . atat frim hi cotarsnai, SR 1520 . Cf. ni bia th'anim fri fugall | ind ríg hí laithiú brótho, Ériu i 196 § 13a . With adj.: cotarsne fri Dia, Wb. 26a18 . is torcda ┐ is díchéill notaí frim, LU 10831 (= Ériu xii 172 ). is bairnech mo menma frit, LU 10832 (= ib.). is tromda atai rim, RC vi 183.13 . olc roba rim, Ériu v 208.8 (see III c). Here perhaps: tromde ... ro buí frisim ind chaillech oc atach Dé, Mon. Tall. § 7 (= do bhí sí roliosda ar Dh., Rule of Tallaght § 41 ). But cf. VII below.

(f) To express protection, guard, defence, watch against: gabthe dūnad les fris, Ml. 55c1 . inna cathrach conrotacht la Duaid fri Ebustu, 48d27 . múr trén ... fri dóini, fri demnai, Fél. Ep. 152 . tocuiriur etrum ... inna huli nert so fri cech nert n-amnas in ..., Hy vii 49 . cor gabad Sinann friu the Shannon was held (defended) against them RC xviii 10.28 . gébtaít ar tír frind, LU 4634 (see gaibid). iadad Caisil frim eochu the closing of C. to my horses Anecd. iii 63.4 . cóir duit arechus ri siút, TBC-LL¹ 1280 (aire do tabairt fri ... St; see 1 aire). Dia lem fri cech snīomh, Ériu iv 236 . Crist credal fri demnaib, ACL iii 221.12 . dín ... re holcaib, ZCP viii 202.18 . Of limitation, boundary: nā bí crích la nech fri peccad that no one sets a limit to sin Ériu i 218.9 . Cf. samaiges crích fri aidchi, Hy ii 55 , corresp. to contra noctem terminum pones, Ardm. 8a1 . See also s.v. inillius.

(g) In elliptical sentt.: leic ... in fognam, ol se; ni lamaim, ol sī, frisin rigain = I dare not disobey the Queen RC xxiv 192 (but perh. FRI here = because of; see V b ). ro an ... ina aenar ru remained alone to oppose them ZCP vi 56.31 . rofetursa a n-as maith dúib fris I know a good way for you to deal with him LU 5934 . tarmairt mo Dia dil frisin tuaid ... a cor fo leittreib lethglenn = my dear God had well nigh (in His resentment) against them cast them down ... SR 4718 . Cf. lām fri idal to renounce idolatry SR 4845 (see lám).

IV

(a) after adjs. and nouns denoting resemblance or equality (esp. those compounded with com-) and vbs. of resembling or comparing: cosmil fri cethir (gl. animalis) Wb. 8b14 . cutrummus fri Dia, 17c8 . i cutrummus fribsi 17b14 . ɔodernain hi cutrummus frim cheliu `to do like my fellows' PCr. 2a2 . (pariter) fri, Sg. 77a2 . i tomus fri nech Wb. 17b11 . intamail ... fri nech, Ml. 22c1 . cen a chondelg fri nech, Sg. 42a6 . cosmaili tuisil `sui' fri tuisliu `ego' ┐ `tu', 200a12 . (similiter) fri, 203a5 . cf. (eandem significationem habens) .i. fri `cum', 218a1 . diatā oenḟolaid ... frissin Athair, PH 177 . ba cudruma re core mōr é, RC xviii 183 . ni caithedh acht coibeis fri gach manach he used to eat only as much as any other monk BNnÉ 300 § 3 . nir chumma nech ris im chath, Metr. Dinds. iv 344 . ru boí i comré ri Cormac, LL 3796 (30a) . i comhrē ris coeval with him Moling 4 . rogheanair i n-aenuair fria was born at the same time as she BB 406bz (= Dinds. 111 ). Cf. IX (b).

Replacing O. Ir. construction with equative: comdhub fri hec, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 (prull) = duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . Bodl. comard fri fid, Ériu iv 138.26 . meidithir fria hasal as big as an ass Marco P. 10 . corbo chomfota frisin sroin LU 6472 .

See also verbs and adjs. of comparison, e.g. 1 do-ella, samlaithir, in-samlathar; cosmail, 2 cutrummae, etc.

(b) to express difference, distinction from : frissaní immeraidtis (gl. longe aliud) Ml. 61c12 . sain fri .c. `different to c' Sg. 6b7 . do dechor fri praenomna aili, 28a13 . huare nád deligedar fri praenomen , 28a15 . do dechrugud persine fri alaili, 202a4 . is allail pronomen aní sin fri `sui' (gl. `is' aliud pronomen...) 209b10 . (differentia) fri, 213b15 , gl. contra 214b4 . Cf. nipo choím less frinn He was not dear to Him compared to us (?) Wb. 4b12 [Fraser l.c. suggests this rendering, ZCP viii 41 n . `in our case (?),' Thes.].

See s.v. 1 dechor, dechraigidir, deiligidir and other words of similar meaning.

V

(a) with respect to, with regard to (cf. III c) : is sain fri cath sain fri scor different for battle, different for unyoking (of trumpet-call) Wb. 12c46 . idain fri cach réit faithful as to 31c13 . cen chinaid n-uaim fri nech, Ml. 54d16 (see cin). nach é Dia is ciontach riú is to blame for them TSh. 10499 . as eola fri aidgne ind Athar, Wb. 19d9 . it maithi a arilti frib `He deserves well of you' (`literally good are his merits as to you' Thes.) Wb. 16c11 . airle Dé fri Herind, LL 49b13 ( Hail Brigit § 2 ). .iiii. seóit a dire ... is fechem is fiadnaisi friu `four seds are his `dire'-fine ... he is a suitor and witness for them' (i.e. he is liable to that extent) Laws iv 308.2 ( Críth G. 138 ). is amlaid in t-athair frisin mac ngor; ... nimtha in t-athair frisin mac n-ingor thus the father acts with regard to the dutiful son; ... not so with regard to the undutiful one Laws iii 56. 22 ; z 0 . ba fria as-breth: cruth cách co hÉtaín 'of her was it said, 'every woman is fair till compared with Étaín'' BDD 43-44 , Celtica xv 57 . 'fer hi lorcc so,' ol in fer deginuch fri Nero 'a man is following us,' said the last man with regard to Nera RC x 216.48 . conidh ed isberdís cách fris, Cóir Anm. ii § 150 .

Cf. further: crādiis Ultu fri Cethirnd guin Fécc the slaying of F. imbittered the U. against C., ZCP viii 305.32 . ferdha a cathuibh iat, ar is friu ronnaltadh oc imairecc fria geinnti, Marco P. 189 . ro alt ... ind ingen co digrais fri légend ┐ gaís, LL 279a47 ( SG 413 ). Possibly the last two exx. belong rather to III (a), also : is me is cintach fris ni he is cintach frim, BB 479b14 (see cintach). See also : a lleth fri, s.v. leth.

(b) on account of (cf. VI b) : ro lega in snechta ... fri meit brotha in miled, LU 5858 . ba lond F. friside (-suidi), RC xxvi 12 § ix . saeth mār fri luga dige great distress from [?] lack of drink Fianaig. 12 § 20 . cid mís no bheinn gun ríg thess | ro-fess ná bíad mo scís fris, ACL iii 304.20 . ní ḟaicim-si ... ni rís budh choir t'obadh for which it were right to refuse thee Ériu iii 154.5 . atchess ... na haīble tened ... uasachind re fiuchud na ferge, LU 6466 . ba mertnech Moisi fri hilchaingni ... fri orddugugd cāich fo mām, SR 4542 . batar toirsech fri Moisi, 3886 (in these two exx. fri = oc of prose LB 122a etc.). féimdid sim imt[h]echt fri scíss he cannot go on from weariness BColm. 94.16 . ni ro chotail C. fri himṡním, LB 274a55 . ni faict[h]e ise fri feidm a léiginn she used not be seen because of her duty of study ACL iii 308 VI 13 . Cf. la III a.

(c) on behalf of: aitchitt an C. ris comad he noberad, etc. they beseech the Lord for him that it might be he BColm. 98.15 . dogníther airnaigthi frisin ríg co nambed fot saegail do, MacCongl. 59.23 . ica cantain fria Cianoig chanting (a prayer) for C. ZCP vii 308.7 . Cf. also : ata mo briathar ┐ mo comairghi fria ar Tuatha D., Ériu xii 152.9 . o doratsat briathair fris, CCath. 1236 . in tī bes rí is fris beimmi, ZCP viii 316.3 . See do-beir, gell, and ráith.

(d) according to ; in agreement with, with pers. somet. = in obedience to: ni ni nach breith nā bi fri canoin cumtastar [sic leg.] no judgement is valid that is not framed according to the canon Corm. Y 1224 . cf. manib fri fasach fuirmider, Ériu xii 199.23 . fri mes airechta adrimter, Laws iv 298.25 ( Críth G. 22 ). fri saltair nogebad ... a salmu by the psalter (i.e. with the psalter before him), Mon. Tall. § 39 , cf. ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill dia gabail ind tsailm de memur indas cid fri saltair ib.). fosernd clothri Connacht ... fri senchus ... fri buaid ┐ breatha in conformity with (the claims of) pedigree, with prowess and legal decision ZCP viii 108.10 = Ériu v 234 . bid som iarum fria toil (= they will be able to do as they like) Mon. Tall. § 35 (= go mbid ... aca ara ttoil fein, Rule of Tallaght § 35 ). fri tala ind rig ... domrala I am about the king's business SR 6187 (Rex praecepit mihi 1 Reg. xxi 2 ). cia ro delb fria thuil a ndath who coloured them to please himself (?) SR 7675 . For FRI TOIL in a different sense, see III (e). Cf. nitattorbi fri toil Dé (gl. non omnia expediunt 1 Corinth. x 22 ) `against God's will' Thes., Wb. 11b 17a . Also : ind tí dogní ní do maith fria menmain fadesin ... ar ind bo neoch gabti he who does a good thing in accordance with his own inclination ... should openly proclaim it Mon. Tall. § 21 (= chuirios ní maith ... do dheunamh uaidhe fein, Rule of Tallaght 71 ).

VI

(a) with vn. or other abstract after subst. vb. or equivalent = to be at, engaged in or about to engage in (some occupation, process ; cf. III a) : in tinscanfam .i. in biam fris (gl. incipimus ... commendare ?) Wb. 15a1 . ní uisse do mug Dae buith fri debuid to be at strife 30b26 . cf. ní bethe fria acre, 9c20 . ni piam fri aithirgi, 30b17 . ni biat som fria togais adi (= non fallacia ad quoscumque loquuntur) Ml. 31a17 . cechtar nathar fria saindān `each ... at his special art' Thes. ii 293.14 . feib donrala fri comrad, SR 1214 . indí ... bíte fri tnúith `those that are given to lust' Mon. Tall. § 11 . nebbuith fri éthech not to be lying Ériu ii 64 § 6 . céin bete fri soíthar while they shall be at work Fél. Ep. 298 . in tan natbi fri frestal na n-anmand when he is not attending to LB 110b43 (cf. SR 1199 ). ní mo chean ... tarrla re freastal ... na fairrgi sin, CF 42 . amail do beith se re goibhnecht ríam as if he had always been at smith's work BCC § 92 . na saoithe do bhí re seanchus, Keat. i 74 . cuirim suas don ghrádh, | ní fiú é bheith ris, Dánta Gr. xiv 3 . Cf. boí a ben fri idna in travail LU 105.86 (see 1 idu). Similarly without subst. vb. : nachitochthad fria choscc `let him not wear thee out in admonishing him' Wb. 31d11 . conus tarttsat fria ttoghairm chuca an lucht they set about calling the people Hugh Roe § 8 . Cf. airfitech re tetaib, ACL iii 223.23 (= Keat. ii 5358 ). dias fri cerdacht, SR 190 (perh. III a). dá mbeinn re héagnach `had I purposed to revile' Content. v 7 (cf. le hóradh bhriat[h]ar da mbeinn, Ó Héodhusa 4 ). In class. lang. `re' is used with vn. to express futurity : an chathair atá ré teacht ( = civitatem futuram) TSh. 2751 . i n-oirchill na n-olc bhíos ré tuirling orra, 532 .

(b) denoting the occasion (event, cause, etc.) on or from which something takes place (some of the exx. could be explained as extensions of other uses (cf. V b ; IX a) ; often the construction is elliptical) : gaibed cach a greimm ... | fria brethir in primsacairt, SR 4400 . ba huisse soillse fri éitsecht na noeb at the death Hy ii 60 . Cf. co mbidis i nd-aenmaigin fria n-ég, Corm. Y 1233 (fri héc LB. ria n-ec LL 179b ). fri gein Críst ... tindscan lechsa léri, Fél. Nov. 14 (cf. III a). ro eirgis fri breithir Isu, PH 2780 . ret[h]it daim ... ri dorddan na damgaire, Ériu vii 2 § 1 . phreab as G. risan gair, Ériu i 18.33 . ac cantain cheóil ... fris coteltais Síl Adaim, LL 3305 ( Ériu xiv 156 ).

VII To denote mental subjective attitude, in the opinion of (cf. similar use of Lat. apud, and see la) : ni cumdabairt fri Cirine is tre metur Jerome does not doubt Hib. Min. 6.187 . nad maith fri C. ciasperthar ..., 7.235 . frithir frisin mac i n-ebras riss, Ériu vii 225 ( LL 209a16 ). ba bind fri cach na canaind, LU 1301 (`sweet to all was what I said' Imr. Brain ii 298 . But this may be ex. of : canaid fri). bid inmain fria cách a ainm loved of all PH 4299 . ba hingnad mor frisin popul sin, 2959 . ba mo a grad fri Gargán oldait a uli cethra G. loved him more than all his cattle 7178 . Cf. Mon. Tall. § 7 cited under III (e) where the meaning seems different. gurbh annsa ré hEóin Críost ioná ré Peadar Christ was dearer to John than to Peter TSh. 10327 .

VIII

(a) to denote agent (a late use, mostly in texts in artificial style). ar na bennughadh fri sanctuss Silvester consecrated by Fl. Earls 196.19 . laech ... frisimbia mo thiglecht (= who will cause my death) Metr. Dinds. iv 360 (but perh. this is ellipt. and belongs to III (e) ; cf. TBC2 cited there). romarbtha na maithe ... frisna crechairib LB 154a63 . in lucht frisa tucad in digal .i. Uespiam ┐ Titus ib. 16 . Constantiana ... .i. eclas rocúmdaiged fri Constantin 157b48 . Of parenthood : trī meic Medba fri Fergus, Corp. Gen. 279.33 . sē meic do Mīlidh fri Scota ┐ dā mac frisin nEspānaig 'Míl had six sons of Scota, and two sons of the Spanish woman', ITS xliv 64 § 424 . do chomthusmed clainni fri hA. to have children by A., Alex. 512 .

(b) to denote instrument, through, by means of, by dint of (cf. similar uses of Engl. `with') : sénais Brigit fria bachaill with her crozier Hy v 58 T = lia F. fria noebainm ... séntae cech slóg subach by [or at ?] his holy name every happy host was sained Fél. Prol. 99 . ícaid [Tipra C.] gallrae ... fri troscud aici, BColm. 52.15 . argain fri daigid (destroying by fire LL 107a21 ( Ériu iv 28 ), cf. multi nobiles ceciderunt ... fri daigidh ro horta uile, AU 900 (see RIA Dict. s.v. daig). go nach deachaidh neach re siúbhal ... as no one escaped by flight ML 88.31 . re dán nglas ... dán breaghdha do bhréagnachadh with a simple poem to refute an elaborate one Content. vii 13 . ro ēirigh fri nert seoin ┐ solaid, Moling § 4 (possibly = with here cf. dol ar fairrge ... ré cóir na gaoithe = with a favourable wind ML 36z = le ML² 466 . cuir me ... chum seoil ... re cóir ghloin, Measgra D. 48.16 ).

IX In expressions of time :—

(a) in O. Ir. in locatival sense in phrase : fri dē by day, in the day-time Ml. 121d8 . Wb. 6a30 . fri dei, 9a5 , 24d14 , 26b17 . Cf. in gabail fri dei ... in gabail cech ráithi a catch (of fish) daily (?) Trip. 250.14 (2950) . fri díe, Mon. Tall. § 55 . fri haidchi by night Trip. 208.25 (2452) . gl. contra noctem Lat. Lives 18 . re lá, Ériu iii 148 § 3 . arna imbreth ... i n-aidchi cía nosgonad fri dé, LU 5609 .

(b) usually to denote period during which something continues or takes place : 'na fuair frisna secht ṁbliadnaib SR 3394 . fri a n-aimsir in their time Laws iv 210.28 . niro chotail C. frisin ré sin, LU 6337 . fria ré hi fut a saegail for their lifetime SR 5932 . bai cocad mor etarro fri re ciana RC xxiv 186 . batar ... fri re secht la amlaid sin, ACL iii 225.1 . conosrala for sechrán fri re bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 . bá-sa i Tul T. fri ré inna dílenn, Ériu iv 144y . maith graig dorat damh rem lá in my day ACL iii 304.23 . D. ba talchar fria ré in his day Metr. Dinds. ii 40 . dorumaltsa ... m'aimsir fri hamsir Nemid, LU 1276 . nir siubhuil in conuir-so re bliadhain aenridiri for a year past ZCP vi 104 z.

(c) fixing a limit within which something takes place : ni ba marb-sa fri sin I shall not die before that ZCP i 105.4 (co sin v.l.). Cf. also the locative use in Marco P. 11 cited I (a). tanic ... uidi na .xii. mís fri .xii. laa made the twelve months' journey in twelve days LB 139a31 . icuis fri teorai nomaidhe within thrice nine days RC xii 66x . nos ithend ... friha brathad sula in the twinkling of an eye LU 1895 ( RC x 56 ; fri b. v.l.) do imredar ... re trí lá, ┐ ní ruc G. énchluichi rissin, Acall. 1348 .

(d) of point of time ; in some cases approaching VI (b) above. fri dead n-aissi, SR 2829 . in tan nadbi fri húair i fos | frithalmi when he is not here at the hour of attending ... 1199 (cf. LB 110b43 cited under VI (a) above). cech dūil ... rosdelb fri oenuair, SR 7864 (similarly 7234 , 7386 ). grend Muman ... grend Connacht ... ra hóen-úair at the same time Ériu i 130.36 ( LL 46b ). buaidh ... damh fri deiredh mo ṡaoghail, ACL iii 231.1 . ra dered flatha Domnaill, LL 185a48 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ) = Rawl. 154a52 . Rí dorat na deich plāga | forthu fri huair combāga, SR 3942 . ? cid fri geld bāis nobeth `though he were at the point of death.' Mon. Tall. § 48 (see gell). re húair nfaicsiona at the time of looking RC xxix 128.13 . fri huair tacrai do ghníma, Ériu ii 228.7 .

(e) in follg. exx. perhaps used for ria before: na buidne ... robatar fria Crist...rofhogain don Choimdid fria tuidecht soscela (= turbae quae praecedebant ... ante evangelium) PH 4573 . dorad som a cuibidil fria mbass made his confession before death RC xviii 53.19 . Cf. co ro muid fri maccu Israel, LB 122b47 = re, YBL 293b40 (corresp. to mebaid remib SR 4765 ).

(f) In later lang., 3 s. ris occurs as adv. bare, exposed, uncovered : mar do leig ris a n-aoinfheacht 'how it left [her] uncovered at once' Duan. F. ii 332 § 9 , Éigse ix 228 . do theilg Ercuill a bhrat de ┐ ro leig a lorg ┐ in croicenn leomainn ro buí re cnes ris, ITS xxxviii 997 (Stair Ercuil) . chonarcadar a ccroicinn go coirtighthi buídhe ris, Smaointe B. Chr. 150 . ó bhí mo chroiceann-sa nochtuighthe síos reis, 160 . cia d’innis doit-se a bheith nochtuighthe síos reis (leis, v.l.), 161 . See also la VI (d), léicid.

X In regular or occasional construction with many verbs (and nouns of cognate meaning with them), e.g., those of speaking, addressing, boasting, complaining, asking, thanking ; meeting, touching, striking, rubbing, grinding ; listening ; waiting, expecting ; entrusting ; co-operating, associating, helping ; visiting ; resembling, comparing, differing ; parting, severing (from) ; doing (something to), acting (towards), giving, distributing, apportioning ; requiting, paying, selling ; refusing, rejecting, denying ; hindering, restricting, opposing, combating, etc. See especially : ad-cosnai, ad-gair, ad-teich, ad-tluichethar (attlugud), aigid, 1 anaid, ar-báigi, as-beir, benaid, beirid, 1 caithid, canaid, 1 cingid, comalnaithir, 1 con-clich, con-delca, con-gní, con-ricc, con-sní, con-túaisi, crenaid, dálaid, dlomaid, do-beir, do-gní, do-icc, do-rogaib, do-slí (tuillem buide fri), do-sluindi (diúltad), do-tét, dúnaid, 2 erbaid, fáiltigid(ir), feraid, fo-gella (2 fuiglid), fo-rig, fris-oirg, fris-tairissethar, fris-taít, gaibid (fris-gaib), gellaid, íadaid, 1 íccaid, imm-beir, imm-fogni, imm-fresna, in-samlathar, in-túaisi (éistid), labraithir (labraid), laigid, 1 ligid, lingid, 1 luigid, meilid (con-meil), naiscid, ráidid (ol, ar), rannaid, renaid, saethraigidir, scaraid (and compds.), soïd (do-soí), 1 téit, tongaid.

lán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lán or dil.ie/29542
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o,ā.

I As adj.

(a) full, full (of), filled (with): corbo lān ule an rúsc imme, BColm. 60.15 . secht fichet long lan, Irish Texts ii 3 § 21 . do ghroid-dhíoladh na tonnaidhe lána, Keat. Poems 531. With follg. dat.: cach airfortach lan lubaib, SR 393 = lan do luibib, LB 109a ( MacCarthy 38.18 ). With gen.: croch in martir Phetair / cona ṡlúag l.¤ gaile, Fél. Jan. 11 . ba l.¤ ratha in spiruta noeim he, PH 316 . slatchuill glegheala mar budh l.¤ láeghḟola, IGT Decl. ex. 622 . a n-uaisli fa l.¤ lethtruim, L. Cl. A. B. 258.4 . gach doman lan bo is brugad, Irish Texts ii 19 § 22. With prepp. DI: is lan dineuch thórnther gl. plenum esse aliquem eius quod significatur, Sg. 59b18 . líntar l.¤ di fín, Wb. 11b13 . corupsa l.¤ diib gl. gaudia, Ml. 104d3 . inna maige robtar lana di assaraib, 48d12 . lestar lan do rath in spirta naim, Laws i 6.20 Comm . oighen l.¤ do grísaig, Hib. Min. 77.14 = aigen lain grischa, 34 . gebid lamchloich . . . dar bo l.¤ a glacc, TBC-LL¹ 1181 . bat lana beóil fer ṅ-hErend ┐ Alban din anmum sin, TBC-LL¹ 1055 . isat lana renda nime . . . do nuallguba, IT i 191.23 . at lána na dúile dím-sa, ar in cóimdiu, PH 3405 . in méis lan do bíud, 1318 . do bhí mé . . . / l.¤ dom anáil ón uabhar `puffed up with pride', Studies 1924, 87 § 16 . don anam bhíos l.¤ do theasbhach ó theinidh purgadóra, TSh. 4429. With ó: ro-ptar lana na hapstail o fhín in ratha spirutalda, PH 5510. (cryptic) loscan .i. lan, Goid. 77 § 152 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

(b) Various other applications: os gach luing láin ample, IGT Decl. ex. 750 . intan bus l.¤ a rig don dornaisc when his wrist is big enough to fill the ring, Ériu i 124.5 . Of space of time whole, complete : mí l.¤ , Thes. ii 339.2 ( Hy. v 46 ). fer dorigni inna gnima sin i nraptar l.¤ a cóic bliadna, LU 4968 (= slána, TBC-I¹ 482 ). batar lana trí coícait bliadan, LL 22267 . secht ṁbliadna lana, SR 3381 . bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, LU 8042 ( FB 1 ). bliadain láin for a whole year, Auraic. 5299. dí bliadna lána dóib iarsin i ndelbaib sen-én, LL 246b6 . re leith bliadain lain, BB 53b25 .

Of full tide etc.: in tan bha lan in muír dothigeadh tar in dor sin, BB 26b20 . ucht ar indber l.¤ , Ériu iv 220.5 . sruth locha láin, Dán Dé xxvii 28 . do dhorchuigh an ré d'éis bheith l.¤ di, Keat. Poems 495 . For phrase ina linn láin see 1 linn.

As vague alliterating laudatory epithet: croch l.¤ Laurint deochain `full cross', Fél. Aug. 10 . na tair chucum a láich láin accomplished, TBC-LL¹ 3487 . Labraid Loṅgsech l.¤ , Hail Brigit 5 . as mē Laitheōcc láidhech l.¤ , ZCP viii 110.1 . colg in laoích láin, Duan. F. ii 124 § 1 . Longaran l.¤ `opulent', Cog. 104.13 . la Cormac Cond-Loṅges l.¤ , ZCP xi 109 § 11. luchtlach l.¤ cech laithi, Fél. Ep. 21 . ba hed násad Loga lain Metr. Dinds. iii 50.41 . in carn fil il Lotain láin, `faultless', iii 200.21 . Fergna, fer gaí lethain láin `weighty', iv 88.21 . a haithle in ḟleachaid láin, ACL iii 305.4 . atbert-som o luige lan "itchonnarcsa fen hí", PH 99 . don loinn nior l.¤ , Irish Texts i 26 § 11 . ar ndóchas l.¤ ar laogh búidh (of chieftain), Aithd. D. 25.6 .

In chevilles: gein Laurint, l.¤ frecrae, Fél. Feb. 22 . i mBrí Léith ba láthar lan, LU 10706.

(c) covered with: áth . . . nach l.¤ d'á ngraigib ┐ da ngillaib, CRR 38.5 . a chorp lan do créchtaib, PH 377 . co mba l.¤ in sliab uli dia indilib, 7177 . fiche céad laoch l.¤ d'éideadh ó mhullach go lár, Ériu i 84.5 .

II As subst. [n.].

(a) the full, complement, whole (with gen. of that which contains and freq. of that which is contained): nochur gabh Laighnech lan Erenn all Ireland, MacCarthy 432.20 . becc i n-óenḟecht dia lánaib / slog sáer-chert síl sen-Ádaim `to fill it', Metr. Dinds. iv 82.20 . l.¤ is línad `fullness and increase', 70.24 . fa l.¤ aoibhe an ḟir `by the fulness of his charm', Arch. Hib. i. 91.4 . atá an crann fa l.¤ anóra acu, Maund. 55 . l.¤ an arrthruigh, IGT Decl. ex. 903 . caorthann fana l.¤ duille, Duan. F. ii 354 § 66 . batar . . . ica imradh cia lan bud maith la cach dibh do beth acu isinn eclais. Robo maith leamsa, ol Ciarán, a lan do macuib ecalsa they were considering what each of them would like to have the church full of, Lism. L. 867 . l.¤ dearnann do ghorm-ghaghéar, DDána 106.11 . l.¤ duirn gach milidh, Duan. F. ii 4 § 12 . le l.¤ duirn do dhán éadtrom, Content. xxv 6 . l.¤ glaice laich na timcioll, Duan. F. ii 26 § 26 . aderim gurub é is lan and trit amach, an uair imduiges na lenna, Rosa Angl. 40.3 . tugadar lán na [n]gunnaidh mōr ┐ beg dia roile, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 42.1 . gach dara lān pāirce, 20.6 . lan leighe, Irish Texts v 24.36 . tóimhsigh dá l.¤ an chroicinn, Atlantis iv 200.29 . mairg do-nī lān don lestar (of gluttony), ACL iii 240 § 37.

Of full moon, full tide etc. teacht ┐ l.¤ na gealaighe, Corp. Astron. 182.10 . sul tí an l.¤ (of tide), Irish Texts ii 49 § 32. tibra a Slīab Gam . . . / da lan inti 'san aenlō / indarna lān sāl . . . / in lan eli is fīruisce, ZCP v 24. 1 - 2 . intan atraig in muir, comard hé fria l.¤ (of a grave), Triads 237 . tiocfa an l.¤ eadruibh is é, IGT Decl. ex. 1041 . abhann dá loch ar a lár / is in l.¤ do'n leith aniar (of a valley), SG 148.20 . meinic ón linnsi l.¤ fala tide of blood, SGS iv 64 § 20. Of Archangel Michael and the sinner: cara na héigne is é an l.¤ / is mé an t-éigne ar an éadtrágh, Dán Dé xiv 6 . Fig. of Christ: is é an l.¤ robhorta an Rí, A. Ó Dálaigh xxix l . See robarta. l.¤ mara full tide : robbadhad sochaidi . . . i llan mora, AU i 238. 4 . robui in lan mura fái in ngrianan, ZCP vi 94.22 . co táinic an l.¤ mara tarsta, CF² 707 . ar dteacht don l.¤ mara fútha, Ériu i 92.4 .

In other phrases: l.¤ beóil subject of praise : l.¤ beoil nach bréagtha molta, A. Ó Dálaigh x 2 . énl.¤ beóil ḟileadh Éireann, Ériu ix 167 § 35 . do l.¤ beoil na bantrochta (of Our Lady), A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 3 . fa l.¤ toile `in fullness of love', PBocht 1.15 . l.¤ súl(a) cynosure: ac sin Clar Una gan urraid / a l.¤ sula cumaigh cach, Irish Texts ii 45 § 2 . re l.¤ súl na seacht nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 12 . l.¤ súl re budh deacra deaghoil, L. Cl. A. B. 190.11 . See súil. fo lān seōil `under full sail', Fl. Earls 10.21 . See séol.

In legal contexts: inti is mo l.¤ the most guilty, O'D. 545 ( H 3.17, 435 ). eisinnruic láin liable to full penalties, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, 35 ). damad e in cintac rooclad, ma dorormacht cneid is mo is tuilledh re heirec na cetcnede ┐ re heneclainn co rab lan na cnede dorormacht ann ┐ a otrus, BCrólige 25 n.12 . doníthar trócaire re urradh im lan in marbaidh do gabail uadha, Laws iv 252.3 . cor itir da lan contract between two persons with full rights(?), iii 4.10 , glossed .i. folad comtoirnithe `equal value on both sides', 13 . tabair se scribaill for in triar lain, ┐ tri screpaill for sellach lethi, i 246.4 Comm . muna roib urrad mar aen ris da tarrustar a lan `unless he has a native along with him who has full honor-price', 104.25 . mad do [t]argaidhsimh fein a l.¤ amach `if he himself has offered to pay the full amount out' iv 256.16 Comm . arindhi it cetheora primfodlai fil for-suidib (sic leg.) .i. lan ┐ leth, trian ┐ cethramthu (of fines), i 258.z Comm . tecait i cuibdius fo lan in deoradha `the full amount of the fine of the stranger', 88.15 Comm . sellach láin, sellach lánḟéich, see sellach.

In gramm. term a l.¤ (its fullness) the ns. or np. of a word without any change by reduction or augmentation: a lan (.i. can dichned, can dochned), Auraic. 5073 . ben a oen, ben a lan, 1845 . aen ainces ar ilar ndan / ar uathad ainces a lan, 2160 .

(b) In general sense of abundance, plenty : nobíd l.¤ adbal . . . / ar lar talman dia thorthib `vast plenty', Metr. Dinds. iii 176.131 . roinn leabhra go l.¤ bhuinnigh, `full of vigour', Ériu ix 164 § 18.

With poss. a l.¤ much of, many : a l.¤ many people, DDána 84.3 . bi eagla theineadh ifrinn ar a l.¤ `multi', TSh. 6394 . 'gan druing as a ndéine a l.¤ `of which you make much', Content. v 67. Folld. by prep. DI: ré a l.¤ d'feruib, Irish Texts ii 58 § 12. a l.¤ do snechta sléibhe Elpa, CCath. 451 . a lan d'ainglib o neim, Grail 4313 . do chluinim ó n-a l.¤ do dhaoinibh, Keat. iii 1424 . a l.¤ den chogal, Keat. Poems 36.

Compds. Extremely common in compds. of all kinds. Freq. prefixed merely for alliterative purposes, e.g. ar lanbreithem ar lanrí, ZCP viii 24.21 . co lúth ┐ co luas ┐ co lánglicus, Comp. CC 100.18 . int aislingthe laind landes, SR 3350.

(a) With nouns in meaning full, complete : ¤áer: lanæir .i. corob ainm ┐ uss ┐ domghnass inti, IT iii 105.29 . lan-aer ┐ glam diccind, Laws v 234.11 . ¤airches: lán aircess fri ecrata complete trap, TBC-LL¹ 599 . ¤arrae: lán arra na cairdi `full hostage-pledge', Laws iii 134. 10 Comm . ¤biathad full refection : a lanbiathad do gac grad flatha do saill a ndomnac ┐ a ndardain, BCrólige 46 n. 12 . ¤biattach: ochtur lanbiatach do maithibh Cene[oi]l-Moen, AU ii 190.z . ¤brón: nírbu l.¤ Sg. 42a8 (see GOI 678 no. 82 ). ¤brostud: l.¤ ar nech, LL 230a28 ( TTr. 959 ). ¤búaile: dá lanbuailigh déc `full byres', RC xviii 159.8 . ¤cháin: dobeir a lanchain, RC xxiv 184.12 . ¤charna: maeth bo-shaille ┐ l.¤ muilt, LB 216b75 . ¤chasbairdne (metr.), IT iii 26.14 . ¤chíall: is lánchiall indib chenae gl. verba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . ¤cháechad: tugaibh S. a lánchaochadh `so long as ever he can see', O'Gr. Cat. 128.28 . ¤choire: lanchoire .i. coire iomlán, O'Cl. ¤chonách: ní bidh cen cech lanchonách fair, Acall. 577 v.l. ¤chor: l[u]irech lineach lancuir, CCath. 3132 (`full-right'). Cf. ross is ael is lín lanchuír (of materials of Tor Nemrúaid), BB 317a44 ( 14a57 , 300a24 ). ¤chúairt: co tucc a lán chuairt, AFM ii 984.1 . ¤chuibdius (metr.): salcuibdiusa ┐ lancuibdiusa, IT iii 25.22 . ¤chumang: lancumang inntib uile full force (of vowels), Auraic. 4313 . ¤dám: cethrar a lan-dam, Laws v. 30.23 Comm . a landamh leis amach fo cetoir `his full retinue accompanying him', BCrólige 12 n. 14 . ¤déiche: cen blae .i. cen lan-déiche do breith uaimm ar mo rosc, LB 241a73 . ¤deimnigud (gramm.) perfect tense : ar a fíafruighidh ar láindeimhnioghadh, IGT Introd. 7.x . ¤díre: is co na landire asrenar, Laws ii 402.2 . Cf. ZCP xiv 388 . ¤dírech: landírech sund `full uncovering', Thes. ii 251.4 (Stowe Missal). ¤dílsi: dorat E. lándílsi na hinghine, TTr.² 1891 . ¤ecar: bretnais fo al-lānecor de ōr full decoration, TBC-I¹ 3247. As attrib. gen.: dealg láneccoir, Irish Texts iii 18 § 10 . cetheora lanna lánecair, LL 237b32 ( TTr. 1543 ). ¤edbairt (see idbart): cu lanpairtib (leg. lanedpairtib) toghaidhi, Lism. L. 4494. ¤eneclann: geall laneneclainne uadhsomh don fir roferustar croligi fair, BCrólige 56 n.5 . ¤éraicc: fuacraid . . . cath. . . . nó lanéraic a athar do thabairt dó, LU 3196 ( RC ii 90.17 ). ¤esair: in dairthach fo lánessair glain, Irish Texts i 34.27 . ¤ḟáesam: leath suire fri lan foesum, Laws ii 34. x . ¤ḟaite: dhí gan lánfhaide is córaide it is more proper that it be not too long (of poem), L. Cl. A. B. 149.96 . ¤ḟer: airccindech (sic leg.) . . . no lan-fer (fer graid, v.l.) man in full orders, Laws v 178.26 Comm . lainfear gradha `thorough friend', CCath. 6049 . ¤ḟéth: muir fo lanfeth `in perfect calm', RC xii 60.10 . ¤ḟíach: sellach lan feich, Laws i 240.25 . ¤ḟocul; tabair mo tri-lanḟocull dam full demand, IT, ii2 227.8 . ¤ḟogal: .vii. lānfogla etar-scartha inna mnā, ZCP xv 356 § 44 . ¤ḟlaith: suide lānflatha, ZCP xi 91 § 3 . ¤ḟogur: lanfogur ┐ defogur da dual na nguta `full tone and diphthong', Auraic. 343. ¤ḟolad: anscuiche cach lanfola[d], Laws iii 12.12 . ¤ḟolt: gid a leathfolt gid a lanfolt, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. B. 506, 36b ). ¤gille: lan gille no smacht gille, Laws i 118.25 . lan gille no leth gille, ii 98.3 . langilli in corpdire, BCrólige 61 (50.8.) . ¤ḟoirgell: lan foirghell co neithech lui sechtar fathchi, Laws iii 396.10 Comm . ¤ḟuigell: gu tisat a reir a lan-fuigill, Laws v 252.17 Comm . ¤grád: bai ina langradoib `in C.'s favour', CCath. 3555 . ¤imme: dar lan ime, Laws v 464.2 Comm . ¤immirce: itir da tir dligid lan ímirche `full passage', Laws iv 156.17 . ¤lóg: is gell lanloige [enech] (d)esec, BCrólige 61 (50.4) . a lanluagh dia reir féin do iarsein, BB 263a30 . ¤lott: lánlott Herenn dóib, Trip. 528.9 . ¤nert: gan a lainnert do ghabháil dóib in airett sin, AFM iii 474.7 . ? ¤od: don tuisech lanod `of full privilege', Laws iii 136.z Comm . ¤óentu: a lanaenta complete unity, Lism. L. 3869 . ¤phennaid: lanpendait fair `full penance (must be laid) upon him', Mon. Tall. 147.32 . ¤phinginn: sé lethpendinge is trí lán pendinge, O'D. 903 ( H 3.18, 645 ). ¤ré: as lan re dorca againne `full dark moon', Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.24 . ¤réimm (gramm.): is taebreim cach ni nach lanreim `full declension', Auraic. 796 . lanreim . . . Coulum caid cumachtach full alliteration, 3745 . ¤reimes: a lanreimis Loegaire, MacCarthy 410.10 . ¤rí: full king as opposed to leth-rí: dá ríomhthar gach duine dhíobh, eider leithrígh ┐ láinrigh, ZCP ii 357.34 . ¤ríar full satisfaction : co tardsat a lanriár dó, RC xviii 47.7 . ¤ríge: illánrige n-Israhél, SR 6704 . ¤robarta: Aedh Ollán . . . lán rabarta ann intan rugadh, Cóir Anm. 122 . ¤ṡaíre: co ro caithe a lan saire, Laws i 200.1 Comm . ¤ṡáith: lān shāit[h] gl. plenitudo, O'Mulc. 513. ¤ṡibal: ata uidhi .iiii. mís do lansiubal tarsna na hÍnnidha `to cross India completely', Maund. 251 . ¤ṡíd: lánsíd i n-Érind hi flaith Conaire, BDD 24 . ¤ṡlúaiged: déana lánṡluaigheadh, TD 2.15 . ¤ṡós full (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ¤ ṡoud : ar lanṡodh muilind, O'Curry 1027 ( H 3.18, 432b ). ¤ṡoillse: lá cona lánṡoilsi, TBC-LL¹ 3284 . ¤taísech: meg ragnaill lantaoiseach muintire hE., AFM iv 1054.3 . ¤tegdais: ní lán techdais bes sestu `full house', Thes. ii 294.11 . ¤tol: lāntol menman, ACL iii 296 § 42 . ¤tomus: lantomus duaine, MacCarthy 138.w . ¤torad: in fhínemain apaid fo lántorud, LB 133a4 . ¤ugtar: lanugtar, Laws i 24.z .

With adjj. fully, entirely : ¤apaig: dā dēis dēe lān-aipchi, ZCP v 24.z . ¤cáech: recoecha uile comtar tuath coecha (.i. láncacha no clécacha), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.18 . ¤chomlán: Lucas . . . liaig lanchomlan, PH 5397. ¤becc. As subst.: ní cluinter ... acht lánbec do ráith, LU 2072 ( FA 14 ). -chóir. As subst. réim luinge fa lánchóir, PBocht 4.27 . ¤chubaid. As subst. (metr.) full rhyme : lancubaidh no taebchubaid, Auraic. 929 . is lancubaid insin, 1014 . ¤daingen. As subst.: do landaingnib an domain, CCath. 3410 . ¤derbtha: bíodh gach énduine lándearbhtha, Romans xiv 5 . ¤dorcha. As subst. ro laighset landorca na haidhchi forro, CCath. 2693. ¤ḟáilid: nírbu lánḟálid, Sg. 42a7 . ¤gairit: co llangairit `full shortly', CCath. 5137 . ¤méth: meic indrechtāin lánméith, MacCongl. 33.19 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. ¤dénmach: ben . . . landenmach, BB 16b27 . ¤ḟechtnach: do éc co lanfechtnach, AU ii 176.z . ¤ḟíachach: in seallach lanfiachach, O'Dav. 123 . ¤ithmar: filad mo cíchi gu lachtmur lánithmhur ag tibirsin 'my breasts are flowing freely and abundantly with milk', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 173 § 25 . ¤lógmar: an irrand as lánlogmar, LB 236a56 . ¤onórach: co lanonorach, AU ii 178.8 .

With vbs. ¤daim: fuair a réir mar rolándét, Ériu viii 70.92 . ¤lína: inrí rán rodaslanlín, SR 5076. Note also: dia laneimde gaire, O'Curry 1995 ( H 4.22, 28 ).

letrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. letrad or dil.ie/30067

 

Forms: leadradh

u, m. vn. of letraid. leadradh, IGT Verbs § 45.

(a) act of cutting (off), felling, breaching: firepi co mbi ┐ a rinn biraith amail delc, .i. l.¤ sin, Laws i 236.6 Comm . atraracht D. . . . / do l.¤ étaig Saúil to cut off, SR 6376 ( 1 Sam. xxiv 5 ). epe cacha feada .i. l.¤ felling, Laws v 476.2 Comm . gen ledradh in craind, iv 186.25 Comm . lúath a lám ac l.¤ chrand, Metr. Dinds. iii 380.6 . techt isin caillig do l.¤ clar do denum long, BB 423b17 . in sliab do chlaidi ┐ do l.¤ rempi to breach, TBC-LL¹ 1585.

(b) act of wounding, lacerating, hacking, mangling, rending : l.¤ quasi latratio (leg. laceratio, ed.). Nō let[h]ar sōud .i. sōud in let[h]air, Corm. Y 847 . l.¤ no guin, O'Dav. 1146. cnamcumach cen letradh cen cnedh, Laws iii 354.y Comm . arm úathmar do guin ┐ do l.¤ , LU 2451 . nóidin . . . ┐ maccóim ica n-athcuma ┐ ca l.¤ , IT i 188.30 ( FA 28 LB). ledradh laindi, IT iii 21 § 60 (diupa lainde, v.l.). forḟóbair [in cú] for l.¤ Connacht, ScM. 19 R . tesccad no leod no lettradh, CCath. 3619 . Domhnall hUa Canannan do lethradh a choisi dia tuaigh féin, AU ii 212.10 (an. 1188 ). ica loscad, ica lethrad (sic) (of the torture inflicted on sinners), PH 8307 . ar scoltad a sceith ┐ ar letradh a luirigh, TTebe 3676 . ar letred a haigthi da hingnib, 1855 . a dhriseog . . . / ni ana 'gum leadradh-sa, BS 64.y . ar ledrad na con confaidh `against bite of mad dogs', O'Gr. Cat. 240.15.

(c) wound, gash, laceration : airet bít úra a letartha, ┐ ata nua a créchta, CCath. 2500 . tucatar . . . losa leighis ina ledarthaib, ML² 1268 . rachuir luibi . . . cnesaigthi a ledarthaib an laeich sin, TTebe 1156 .

(d) Attrib. g s. rending, wounding : corbo chonair letartha cach n-ulind . . . don charput sin, LU 6402 (TBC). 'na láimh leadartha biodhbhadh, DDána 73.35 . arm leadartha (destroying weapon) Ez. ix 1 .

See letartha.

losc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. losc or dil.ie/30704
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o, ā

(a) lame, halt, crippled : clodus .i. l.¤ , O'Mulc. 242. loscc, bacach, Metr. Gl. 27 § 33. Similarly, O'Cl.; Stowe Gl. 448 ; Lec. 168 , 419 . lorc isind laim . . . is samlid insin imme-[t]ét . . . int ais lósc (infirmorum), Ml. 45c9 . íccaid luscu la truscu, Thes. ii 316.2 ( Hy. ii 34 ) (.i. bacuchu). im fuba do grega .i. . . . co mbet luisc, no ni rethait itir, O'Curry 797 ( H 3.18, 370 ). nach l.¤ .i. in duine bacach, O'D. 554 ( H 3.17, 438 ). loscud .i. sōud cuicti conid loisc de .i. bacac[h], Corm. Y 844 . ni cuitbe . . . l.¤ ciarba lúath, Tec. Corm. § 12.6 . Cairpri l.¤ . . . .i. C. baccach, Cóir Anm. 28. in Mórrígan . . . ┐ sí cáech l.¤ oc blegón bó triphne lame LU 6247 . ? cethnait cromm lom loscc, Ériu vii 199 § 7 (lesc, v.l.). nídat l.¤, nídat dall, nídat truag, nídat clam, Irish Texts iv 118.25 . macán lasc, Lism. L. 4643 . Donn losg, ALC i 482.9 = Dondchad Baccach, Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . Adv. dha lua is leth reann diobh go losg `two feet and one of them lame', ZCP iii 378.13 ( .i. bacach, p. 381 ) (B. na f.). As subst. [o, m.] iar leicches dall ┐ loscc ┐ lán-bhacach the halt and the lame, BNnÉ 273 § 248 .

(b) Other applications: losg .i. cáoch, O'Cl. (incorrect inference from LU 6248). Fig. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis deficient, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ); cf. O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ). domrigne l.¤ lén decrepit, infirm(?), LL 18583 (`blind', PRIA xix (1893) 548 § 26 ).

(c) As subst. o, m. deficiency, scarcity (?) in phr. i lusc: fil secht suilse ara rusc / ni scél fácbala hi lusc, LU 3819 . a dal feine fil i l.¤ / ni thard aire fria tinchosc, Anecd. ii 68.14 (a ll.¤ , v.l.). a lan do mil, ni fil [i] lusc / la cach firbairgin, buan in cusc `without deficiency', Laws v 40.20 Comm .

Compd. ¤ogam: caechanogam . . . l. .i. inann iat, Auraic. 577.

2 loscud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 loscud or dil.ie/30714

 

u, m. vn. formation from losc. act of laming: l.¤ .i. sōud cuicti (cuige, v.l.) conid loisc de .i. bacac[h], Corm. Y 844 (losg, loscc, v.ll.).

maidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maidm or dil.ie/31304
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: maidb, madm, maidm, diumaidm, madmaim, madmuim, maidhm, maighm, madhma, madmanda, madhmann

n n, n. and m. With final lenited: n s. maidb, LU 4443. g s. madm, Ml. 84c6 . d s.? dia maidm , 85c6 (where Ped. reads diumaidm, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 574 ). madmaim, TBC-LL¹ 2883. madmuim, Laws v 208.6 Comm. Later decl. varies: maidhm (maighm v.l.) m., g s. n p. madhma, IGT Dec. § 41 ; but n p. madmanda, g p. madhmann, ib. exx. 1145 , 1137 .

vn. of maidid to which it corresponds in use.

(a) breaking (a battle); defeat, rout, flight ,absol. or with RE of victor, FOR of vanquished. m.¤ riam a victory won by him, Ml. 33b11 . iar mai[d]m chatha forru after their defeat, 84c9 . m.¤ ria nOsraigi for hUib Cennselaig, AU 973. tri madhmanna ria Mac C. for Saxanaib, RC xviii 278.33 (Tig.). trí gáire dimbuaid do ḟlaith . . . gāir a muintire iar m.¤ fair, Ériu ix 46.6 . iar madhmaim for a rioghaibh, AFM 856. do ebert madma for hUlltu to tell of the defeat of the U., TBC-I¹ 3618. cath do m.¤ fair re n-a comlin a battle to be gained over him by an equal number, Laws v 450.30 Comm. ro bris m.¤ for Oibh Nell the Uí N. were defeated, CS 218.16 . ro gab m.¤ for Ulto the Ulstermen were routed, LU 1510 ( MU 52.4 ). rachuala C. . . . in cath do m.¤ fo thrí ris atúaid that the battle had broken thrice north of him (i.e. that his troops had been thrice routed), TBC-LL¹ 5969 = an cath do brissiudh, St. For similar use with maidid, see maidid I (a). iar tabairt madma forru inflicting a defeat, PH 6325. go dtug seacht madhmanna orra, Keat. ii 4547. ro rain .vii. madmand ar Gallaib he inflicted seven defeats, Cog. 82.17 . do gabatar na paganaigh m.¤ the pagans were routed, RC xix 276.2 . lucht madma the routed party, Cog. 24.7 . aés an madhma, AFM vi 2132.25 . i mmaidm nó i mmorthechiud in rout and stampede, CRR 38. tanic i mmadmaim ┐ i teiched o ḟeraib hErend, TBC-LL¹ 2883 = a raon madhma, St. gabaid omun mor in sacart co tanic ina máidm amach came rushing out, LB 144b9 . tháinig 'na mhaidhm ratha, Comp. CC 127.22 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). róe (róen) madma `field (path) of rout', precipitate flight: is roí madma nō techid dam remut-su, TBC-LL¹ 2311 = is a raon madma, St.; cf. 1959 . robadh meince raon madhma ria n-uathath dibh-sidhe for ilchēdaibh do Ghallaibh often a small number of them put many hundreds . . . to flight, AFM vi 2288.11 . an tan ghabhas an t-arthrach . . . raon madhma . . . ag teitheadh, TSh. 2133. iar sōud hi rraenaib romadmai, Alex. 146 , cf. 131 .—Cf. further: hUa R. do leanmuin clainni M. . . . ┐ m.¤ caeraidheachta do buain eistib, AU iii 22.15 (lit. defeat of cattle-spoil, i.e. they were defeated and their cattle taken from them). go ttucc maidhm imirged orra da ngoirthi an gealmaidhm, go rucc creacha ┐ édala uatha `a migratory overthrow' (?), AFM iv 752.7 .

In concrete sense of routed party: luid Macc cecht i ndegaid in madma, BDD 157. leantar in m.¤ ┐ dichenntar móran dibh, Lism. L. 3253. AFM i 26.4 . Of cattle: iar m.¤ dib after they have broken loose (oppd. to: fo fedmuim), Laws v 488.36 Comm.

(b) breaking, bursting, giving way (in physical sense): m.¤ a sceith for a duirnd, Laws v 310.4 . fri m.¤ n-airm, TBC-I¹ 557. cnó-maidm nut-cracking , TBC-LL¹ 4583 , cf. 1366 . ní thernó . . . gan m.¤ leisi nó láirge nó lurgan, Comp. CC 105.20 . m.¤ cridi heartbreak , LL 169a57 . intan blaidfait na craind ic m.¤ , 188c56 . leth ind ugha sin iarna madhmaim, Ériu ii 120 § 58. maidhm talmhan an earthquake , Keat. iii 2399. Fig.: 'ar m.¤ sida etorra breach of peace, CCath. 3289. maidhm síodha eittir Midheachaib ┐ Breifnechaibh, AFM iv 1054.3 . In concrete sense, a fracture, fissure: in m.¤ talman bis aice ina faiche `chasm', Laws iii 254.19 . i mmadmandaib a sliabh clefts , CCath. 864.

(c) a breaking forth, bursting out, eruption: dia m.¤ , gl. irruptione [fulgorum], Ml. 85c6 . ón bhroinigh thruim measa ag maidhm 'fruits break forth from the heavy jutting bough', Giolla Brighde 70 § 22​ . balga a faighnibh meala ag maidhm 'drops bursting forth from their cells of honey', Giolla Brighde 70 § 24 . ceithre loch-mhadhmanna lake-eruptions, Keat. i p. 176 . maidhm rabharta spring-tide , PBocht 26 § 33. atá ag maidhm tré [sic leg.] Mac D. tuile éigse M. is pouring forth a flood of learning, Content. x 23. Of a loud noise, clap, crack: m.¤ toraind, FB 53. drés-m.¤ mor . . . ┐ fogar ingnáth, LB 234b39 . ní cumaing nach ben a feghad cen maidhm a delma eisti (sine crepitu ventris), Fél. 206.42 , cf. Todd Nenn. 202.1 .

For: m.¤ inna boraime ┐ m.¤ na ggiallne Laghen, AU 720 , read naidm(m).

pólaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. pólaire or dil.ie/34451
Last Revised: 2013

 

n a loan-word through British or Vulgar Latin ( Ériu xxxiv 37-38 ) from Lat. pugillare, -ia, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 222 , Thurn. Hdb. 517 , cf. Mid.W. peullawr; meaning doubtful, apparently some article forming part of the equipment of a bishop (or priest?) in early Christian times; generally by edd. transld. writing-tablet(s), a sense borne by Lat. pugillarius and Lat. pugillares (see Du Cange, who also gives exx. of the latter word used for tubes for imbibing the sacrificial wine).

(1) dubbert Pátricc cumtach du Fíacc. idon clocc ┐ menstir ┐ bachall ┐ poolire, Thes. ii 241.17 ( Ardm. 18a1 ) = dobert P. cumdach do Ḟ. .i. clocc, meinistir, bachall, pólairi, Trip. 190.14 ( Rawl. B 512, f. 22b1 ); transld. tablets in both texts. Acc. to McCarthy, AU iv p. cvii fg. , the ` polaire' referred to here was `the native equivalent of pugillare in the sense of Paschal Table', the pl. ` polairi' being used in the sense of writing-tablets.

(2) iarndóe inna ndegaid ┐ gaile fora gúalaind . . . Benen ina ndegaidh ┐ a ḟolaire fora muin `tablets', Trip. 46.33 (< Eg. 93 f. 3b1 ); Bénen in the rear of Patrick and his company appears to Loegaire's men as a fawn and the ` polaire' as a spot (gaile = O.Ir. caile) on its shoulder. In the extract from this text in H. 3.18 the word is glossed .i. ainm do tēig liubair, i.e. a book-satchel ( ACL iii 16.9 , Trip. p. li ), but in ex. 4 below, polaire is distinguished from tiag lebuir. The corresp. passage in LB gives: ēnloeg allaid ina ndiaid ┐ én find fora gualaind .i. Binen sin ┐ polire Patraic fora muin, LB 27a43 ( Trip. 458.4 ).

(3) sood a pólaire ina etun, iss é comartha bías fair, RC xxi 386.11 ( LU 1424 = soud a pholaire, YBL 121a34 ); the sign by which Antichrist, who will come in the guise of a messenger of the Gospel, will be known; Dottin translates: une inscription qui tourne dans son front, voilà le signe qui sera sur lui (?). The sense may be `the turning of his p. to front of him', i.e. his carrying it in front of him instead of on his back, as in ex. 2; but cf. tomm liath hi certmedón a édain (of Antichrist), PH 7270 .

(4) ba bés dosum [sc. Colum C.] crossa ┐ polaire ┐ tiaga lebor ┐ aídme eclastacda do dénum, LB 32b50 , cf. Lism. L. 969 (` writing-tablets '). g p. cét polaire, LB 32b53 .

(5) doarfaidh doib iarsin pollere Brenaind . . . ro-do-slechtatur-som uile don pollaire `tablet', RC x 72.10 (polaire v.l.).

(6) polaire .i. comhardha a sign, token , O'Cl.; perh. due to misunderstanding of ex. 3 above, or a different word (< pol); cf. polaire .i. comhartha `a mark or sign, i.e. the polar constellation', P. O'C.

1 sab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sab or dil.ie/35827

 

Forms: saba, sabai, saba, sabaidh, sabaid, sabadh, sabdaib, saptaibh, saph

n m.(see, however, Thurn. ZCP xvi 181 ). (Lat. sophus, Fraser, ZCP x 80 , ON loan-word, Meyer, RC xii 462 . Native wd., Marstrander, Bidrag 125 . ) n p. saba. a p. sabai, LB 226a6 . saba, PH 2553 . Later also as dental stem: g s. docum in sabaid (sic), O'Dav. 1483 . d s for cach sabaith .i. for cach ailid, O'Curry 979 ( H 3.18, 422b ). n p. sabaidh, O'Dav. 1415 = sabaid, Laws i 54.7 (but saba, v 458.20 ). g p. sabadh, RC xvii 176.20 (Tig.). sabhadh, TFrag. 234.16 . d p. sabdaib, saptaibh, MacCongl. 123.10 , 16 . Also saph.

(a) a shaft, pole, stake, occas. used of a spear-shaft or haft of a knife; freq. in combination with sonn: sunn .i. crann no shabh, O'Dav. 1483 . s.¤ .i. so-saebta nō asa a sōud easily bent or easy its turning, Corm. Y 1173 . s.¤ daingen no soad cech niummus, LU 658 (ACC Comm.). sagh (leg. sabh) na sgine `haft', Rule of Tallaght Maelr. 95 , cf. SGS iii 52 . fer ┐ s.¤ luaigi ina laim, LB 151b45 . beim cinn fri samh (a useless undertaking), ZCP x 286.23 . ceithri drolaim ass ┐ dā s.¤ fōe da breith (of a cauldron), Ériu i 44.y . da sabh fái da bhreith, RC xxvi 374.16 . sabaid cuirmmtigi cudgels in an alehouse (i.e. a brawl), Laws iv 340.6 Comm . , see Thurn. Ir. Recht 78 n. 3 . gabsat . . . durna ┐ saba luaigi . . . dó dar a gnúis, PH 2553 . slog . . . co cloidmib ┐ sabaib ┐ sonnaib iarnaigib, 3081 . glés . . . do sliprib ┐ do shabaib troma, LB 155a15 . ro dlúthdaingnighit doirse na cathrach leó do sonnaibh ┐ do sabh[th]aibh, CCath. 1713 . do sabaib (sabhthaibh, v.l.) ┐ do sonnaib, 3590 . araill do na gonnadhaibh . . . do . . . lionadh do clochaibh, . . . do shonnaibh, do sabhaibh (sic leg.), Hugh Roe 298.7 ( 78a ). in sabh sraínti sloigh, Stair Erc. 1205 . Of Eiscir Riada: sab rainne Hérend i ndó, Metr. Dinds. iii 282.89 = sabhronna, AFM i 104.2 .

(b) fig. of persons support, upholder, champion, leader , etc. (common in poetry): s.¤ ar thrén tacrait dóine, LB 182 m. sup. = Metr. Gl. 2.14 . s.¤ cach soabb cach forba | ┐ s.¤ cach comorba, Metr. Gl. 3.6 , an inference from use of word in relig. poetry. s.¤ .i. aire nó taisech. No sabh .i. calma, ut est s.¤ duire dremna .i. ro calma e im debaid co hobann, O'Dav. 1433 . sabh .i. tren ut est atát .iiii. sabaidh tuaithe, 1415 = ceitheora sabaid, Laws i 54.7 = saba, v 458.20 . s.¤ .i. sonairt no láidir, O'Cl. rosuidhestar for gach sabaidh sechtmadh díre dia éis, Ériu xiii 20.24 ( O'Dav. 1433 ). s.¤ .i. sonairt, Lec. Gl. 80 . Árón s.¤ sruithe, Fél. Ep. 272 , cf. July 1 (saph, v.l.). s.¤ sóer suidi Phetair, Apr. 12 . in s.¤ sochla sona | ó Óendruimm, June 23 (saph, v.l.). in s.¤ síl Chuinn Chétaig, Nov. 10 (saph, v.l.); cf. Sept. 21 . Folld. by gen.: s.¤ indarbai demnae the champion who banishes demons, Oct. 17 . ba s.¤ indarbai clóine (of St. Patrick), Hy. ii 23 ( Thes. ii 314 ), with gloss .i. ba sonairt. Cf. s.¤ cáid clóithe, Fél. Dec. 14 , where last word may be g s. of vn. boe s.¤ suithe cech dind `strong in knowledge on every eminence', ACC 26 ( RC xx 168 ). nia nīthach s.¤ `ein streitbarer Fürst', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18.21 . s.¤ catha cech dána, ACL iii 229.111 . a ndegthóisech engnama . . . ┐ a saph cocrichi fria naimte, TTr.² 1209 , cf. LL 406b18 . Dūnadach . . . | s.¤ catha, Bruchst. i 10 § 14 ( IT iii 37 § 19 ). riasin S.¤ n-Ildanach (of Lug Lámfata), Dinds. 125 ( RC xvi 77 ), prob. a misunderstanding of Samildánach (see sam-).

Compds. (in sense (a)) ¤chrann: da craisech . . . cona ndib sabcrannaibh comfata, CCath. 5304 . ¤gal: sūi na sabgaile spear-conflict , Bruchst. i 26 § 58 ( IT iii 94 § 144 ).

1 soad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 soad or dil.ie/38196

 

x see soud .

2 sód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 sód or dil.ie/38277
Last Revised: 2019

 

n [o] ( soud) a weir : sód, Éigse viii 105 (H. 3.18. col. 79) . dā baī ar sōdh muilinn 'two cows for a mill-weir ' EIF 553 . .iiii. ba ar lansodh muilind, dí ba ar lethsod muilind 'four cows for a full mill-weir; two cows for a half mill-weir' 552 § 1 . In placename: sod maicin (macain, v.l.), Éigse xxviii 130 . da trian na himarcrada eisc uad do lucht na sod aile sis no suas cid be conair dib dech in tiasc, Laws i 206.1 Comm . mas as in tsod is cuic seoit, iii 148.19 = mas a coraid, O'Curry 1735 ( 23 Q 6, 29a ).

3 sód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 sód or dil.ie/38279
Last Revised: 2019

 

x see soud .

soïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. soïd or dil.ie/38322

 

Forms: -oí-, soidid, sóifitir, sóibfitir, soithe, soithib, soud

v Freq. also with diphthong -oí- (-aí-), see GOI § 644 . soidid, IGT Verbs § 42 .

I Intrans.

(a) turns, turns round; returns: no soe gl. averti, Ml. 44b15 . cia inni soas, 123d8 . sōithis Adamnān fri brēitheir a māthar, Cáin Ad. 8 . soissit saer saeth laechdaigh, AU i 294.18 . sóis in mac for cúlu, MU² 174 . acht nad sui for culud, Laws iii 78.6 . muna fitir si ┐ ni soand-sum, v 204.20 Comm . mad dia soa foen ocai, Ériu viii 122.18 . a sóitís dáine deisel, Metr. Dinds. i 24.140 . ba de sain soiset fo thuaid, ZCP viii 118 § 23 . dorat . . . a lā[i]mh ind-agaid an muilind ┐ soais reime ar tuáthbel, BColm. 58.25 . ro sai cen usci `he returned without water', RC xxiv 198.10 . ro sai úa Domhnall ina fritheing, Hugh Roe 136.8 (fo. 36b) . ro soidhsettar in eachraidh isin mhuir, BNnÉ 325 § 43 .

(b) changes: glé rosoí gné Emer, LU 3890 ( SCC 40 ). ro sóe lí, SR 7379 . ra sáit gnéthi da gnúsib, MU² 500 . ara mence soas gné | a gnúis ri úair ṅdochraite, Ériu v 211.78 . nirosoiset na gega do benadh de a ndath féin tria bitu, D IV 2, 42v b45 . s.¤ dath dies: cen tam cen galar soi dath, Fél.² cviii 28 . rosgab claimi, ro soi dath, SR 4641 . da tora rí Macha saifiter a datha, CRR 22 .

II Trans.

(a) turns : niro soí nech díb aiged ind eich in frithlorg, LU 2953 . ? dia faebra fichi cessóe cía bera na sui forellig na tulle miscais, 6637 . bé sues srotha coctha for cúlu, O'Dav. 536 . cu rasoad in lassar . . . in agaid na gáithe, Lat. Lives 94 § 89 . ro-soud in soigit for cúlu co Gargán, PH 7185 . cethra harathru . . . rosoeiset an bhuain doridhisi, Lism. L. 1506 . o' tcualatar Bretnaigh inni sin, soidhit Aodh Guaire for cula doridhisi, BNnÉ 322 § 30 . sóitear cinn na n-each fó dhes, SG 26.21 . ? To this: mad don snadud ron gabthar asrenar log nenech in snaite, ┐ suith na hathgabala in sen co ro gabaiter aitherrach it turns (i.e. ends) the distresses (?), Laws i 92.4 .i. impait in athgabail in ni hisin, 98.20 Comm . With reflexive pron.: sechidú notsoesiu `wherever thou turnest', Ml. 112b6 . With suffixed pron.: soithi as na diaid dar siúir `he goes out after it across the Suir', RC xiv 245.6 . sōithi sī dono (soithsiu dono, soithise dó, v.ll.) īarsin Ronnat co Brugach mac Dedad, Cáin Ad. 12 . sōethe (soete, v.l.) si dono for muin a meic conusrala isin ārmuch, 7 .

(b) turns, changes, overthrows : ru soad gl. peruersa, Ml. 101a6 . soe Crimthan coscrach cing | cet catha clu cohind, Rawl. 116a30 . minic me ar an fhaith[ch]i-si | o rosaoi mo chéill, BS 138.12 . hi t[i]ugnair ticfa cith sóifess in bith uli fri hoenuair, KMMisc. 146.20 . ro-shói fuil do chnáim dó ar imecla, PH 4141 . coro soadh a ainm dó ┐ doratad Mordrens fair, D IV 2, 40ra40 .

(c) turns, converts, perverts : in tu-sa ro-shói mo brathair-si? `art thou he who hast converted my brother?' PH 2127 . in cenél dóine-sea ro-shoiset in uli Iúdaide co na cretit dam-sa, 1751 . togaethfaid sochaide soifid iliu h-é, LL 119b49 .

III With prepp. With A leaves : sai as aridisi, Ériu i 116 § 6 . na soífeadh O Neill as an Mumhan go Beltaine, AFM vi 2164.5 . ro sae esti hi tíribh Gallia, CCath. 201 . With co turns towards : co Issau soid, SR 3055 . ro-sói Pól co Petar ┐ atbert fris, PH 1830 . sóifit ceóil co bachlachu `music will turn unto boors', RC xxvi 40 § 212 . is ann sin rosoei Colmán mac Lenin cusan Coimdid, Lat. Lives 105 § 102 . returns to: sout . . . co tech Guaire, ACL iii 3.26 . soais go a muintir `he returned to his people', Leb. Gab.(i) 78.20 . ro saoi co muinntir Cluana hIraird, BNnÉ 305 § 19 . rosoí cusan maigín asa tainic, D IV 2, 57ra42 . an tan ro shuidhsiot gusan ngobernóir go líon creach, AFM vi 1912.6 . With DO returns: ní soa dondi asa timthach `it does not go to the person to whom the clothing belongs', Ériu ii 206 § 27 . rosod ind arc sa da dam, Rawl. 79a13 . soáidh MacCarrtaigh . . . dia taigh, RC xviii 45.30 (Tig.). With FOR in phrase s.¤ (cath) for overthrows, defeats : rosoied in cath for Tolamir `the fortune of battle turned against T.', RC x 184.28 . soiter for Roen doridhisi ┐ maidheadh fair, AFM ii 814.14 . rosoadh for mharcsluagh na nGall, Hugh Roe 148.7 (fo. 39b) . turns against : do aithe . . . a eccora for ó nDomhnaill ro shóidh an fir-Dhia . . . fair, 258.26 (fo. 69a) . mairg bíos cen bráthair | sóid gái for uathad, SG 364.z . With FRI turns towards, returns to: is ed as slíc . . . foísitiu in mídénma fía[d] doínib ┐ ingell ná[d] soífea friu aithirriuch a promise that he will not turn to them again, Críth G. 311 . soid fri haithrighe, Laws v 202.7 . atchimm in coimdiu . . . co soam ria n-ar cenel that we may be reunited to our kindred, PH 6642 . rosō sidhe friu, ACL iii 311.4 . turns against, attacks : rim-sa ní rosoa do drech, ZCP i 497.7 . frisa saefidis a ndromand, CCath. 2683 . sóidh Hectoir fris ┐ beirid rúathar n-adúathmar adócum, TTr.² 965 . ro shuidh friu as a h-aithle he attacked them, AFM v 1756.2 . With I s.¤ x . . . i y changes, transforms x into y: rasoisitsi ón i ngoi ┐ anfír ye have turned it into falsehood and untruth, Ml. 103c15 . castorpollux ní eperr acht hilar dóib do gres in hilur dano asberr a rind hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73a11 . statim ro soad hi coirm ┐ bolad fina fair, Irish Texts i 10 § 30 . coro sóad i mmil, Trip.² 171 . gabais a nathraig do lár | Moisi . . . | noscroith nodosai i fleisc, SR 3863 . soit a n-écin . . . i toltanche fognoma do Dia, LU 2161 . In pass.: sóifitir i clóini, Wb. 26a21 (leg. sóibfitir, Edd.). sóifither ecna i ssáibbretha, RC xxvi 40 § 214 . in foirenn . . . roptar cendsa fris ar tus ro-soitea i fheirg . . . fri hElizár, PH 6562 . Note also: sóifid fiannas i cella ┐ i cleirchiu championship will give way to cells and clerics, RC xxvi 40 § 213 . acht corosoie for cula i cobais ┐ an aitrigi, D IV 2, 70ra15 . With o turns away from: ceine nosoifesiu húaim, Ml. 33a1 . rosoisset a toil hua thuil dáe, 124c6 . amal soite a slúaig úad, soid a grád ┐ a gráin for cūlu, ZCP xi 86 § 45 . soaid . . . Dia o na doinib . . . in tan sharaigit he, PH 2354 . With RÉ turns before, is defeated by: sáifiter sluaig re secht cléithe slúaig Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 4976 . fiachtar imaireg aindrenda etorra ┐ soither ria Conall C. puts his enemies to flight, ZCP xiv 260.5 . soidit ind fir riam asin taulaig imsoat Lagin ina ndīaid, Otia ii 86 § 4 . nir soiter do gnuis frit naimdiu, ar ro soisiu remamsa since you retired before me, BNnÉ 304 § 16 .

Part. soithe gl. aversum, Ml. 94c15 . honaib soithib , 46c2 .

Vn. soud .

soud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. soud or dil.ie/38542

 

Forms: soad, sód, sodad, sódh, sóidh

u, later o, m. Vn. of soïd. Later also soad, sód, sodad. sódh (ón impódh) m. g s. sóidh, IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) the act of turning (trans.): s.¤ a gnuso fri nech frisambi ferc do, Ml. 47d8 . ic s.¤ ind eich dar colptha, RC viii 50.17 . barémid nech díb a aged do ṡ.¤ fodess, TBC-LL¹ 2407 . guidhim na hógha uile | . . . | do shódh móideadh an Ríogh rinn `I pray all the virgins to avert God's anger from me', Dán Dé xxv 58 . do hordaiged . . . i n-a n-agaid cath sanntach . . . dá sōd to defeat them, ML² 1186 . is do R. do dheonaigh an Coimdhe an long so do sodhad for cula doridhisi (of a submerged vessel). BNnÉ 320 § 18 . an chrech do shodhadh tar ais gus na muinteraibh ó ruccaitt, AFM v 1856.5 . In glosses on toud: in fuil ferus a n-uthlach iar todh .i. iar sodh uaithe a[n] neich bis 'n-a broind .i. iar mbreith a laidh, Laws v 152.10 Comm . nuithlech iar toud .i. in lulgach iar soadh a laigh eisti, 260.7 Comm . na boin iar tóu[d] . . . .i. [i]ar mbreith a laoigh esti . . . no iar soudh a laoigh, O'Dav. 1499 .

(b) the act of turning (intrans.): oc soúd do Chuanaig ass, Mór M. 10 . is lond in fer so ol Mani la s.¤ úad, LU 5856 (TBC). ba héiccen do Fiachra . . ┐ do Dathī soadh ó Conall i Connachtaibh to turn away from C. (with whom they were fighting) and go to Connacht, ZCP xiv 238.3 . s.¤ fri nōise, RC xlv 39 § 13 . sódh fri nóis .i. an féineachas do chor ar gcúl, O'Cl. ag soadh dóibh `on returning', AFM v 1456. 16 . Med.: s.¤ cnis name of a skin-disease: impetigo .i. sodh cnis, ACL i 337 § 134 . sód chnis roboí for allus, Cóir Anm. 185 .

(c) a turning, a return : in s.¤ gl. áuersionem, Ml. 86c4 . hua s.¤ .i. á deo gl. aversione sua, 99d7 . huand s.¤ gl. uultús euersione, 110b12 . don ḟót ba soblad in sód | ní fodmad cen a impód, Metr. Dinds. iv 168.23 . créd sód . . . do tog in fairge i nénfecht? `what . . . is the undue revolution that has lifted the ocean?' Caithr. Thoirdh. 31.2 . do fágbas lámoinn lór sain | sódh ní hálainn gan fochain `a return purposeless is uncomely', O'Gr. Cat. 352.24 . Note also: iarraigther isin rand so soudhcuipdius .i. soad cuipdiusa `an internal rhyme', Auraic. 3838 (see salchuibdius).

(d) the act of changing; a change, conversion : soadh ┐ sódh .i. tionntódh no cláochlódh, O'Cl. huand ṡ. gl. conuersione, Ml. 118c1 . bēs mina dhechdais a sōdh crotha, doberainn aichne forro, ZCP v 501.z . ag so daib in sodh anma | tugad ar chatraig Fergna the new name, Fen. 126.7 . in t-esca do shoudh i ndath fola, Ériu ii 138 § 126 . ro-fiugrad . . . esergi Crist a s.¤ flesci Moysi a nathraig, PH 3429 . na faiscre iarna sodh i clocha, Lism. L. 492 . an Fhionnghlais fós iar sódh i seascas, Ó Bruad. i 172.3 .

(e) Fig. turn, mood, experience, behaviour : in tan robai Aenias forin sod sin `while Aeneas was in that mood', Aen. 237 . do b'ingnad leis sódh na sochraide os a cind `the behaviour of the crowd as they stood over her', Celt. Rev. iv 106.y . ionann sódh damhsa ┐ duit | mo chlannsa ní mó maraid, LB 186.9 ( Ir. Syll. Poetry 30 § 5 ). sódh na heilte ní holc dhi | a laogh féin ó théid thairse, DDána 69.26 .