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inescland

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inescland or dil.ie/28571

n o a torrent, a swift, turbulent stream: inessclund .i. esc uisce ; in-esc-lond didiu, uisce lond ind .i. srib lond .i. sribh lūath nō trēn, Corm. Y 786. Insi Inesclainn for Loch Eirne, Gorm. Nov. 10 n. 6 . Muiredhach mac Corbmaic abb Droma inesclainn Drumiskin , AFM ii 578.5 . Cf. escland ? and esgal.

lonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lonn or dil.ie/30660
Last Revised: 2020

Forms: lann, luind, lónd, luindiu

adj o, ā rarely lann. fierce, strong, violent, vehement, eager, bold; irascible, angry . Of persons: l.¤ .i. dimsach no ogal no egail, ut est l.¤ cach sochraid .i. is ogal no is egail in cach aga mbit deghcaraid, O'Dav. 1183 . lond .i. occal, 1201 . luind fri cách gl. inmites, Wb. 30c8 . luind gl. amari, 27c5 . lónd gl. indignatus, Ml. 77c9 . ar rombu l.¤ Dia frissom gl. Deo indignante, 62b22 . ol is lond gl. commotus, 56c17 . long gl. acuta, Thes. i 2.29 . dond láechraid lainn ua lothlind (leg. L.), Thes. ii 290.5 . Cf. LU 3832 ( SCC 37 ). nā ba l.¤ frim, a poba Fergus, TBC-I¹ 1210 . lond fri úair ṅgascid, TFerbe 629 . lond cech scíth every tired man is irascible, LL 18745 . Eua is Adaim / . . . / lobraig lonna lomnochta, SR 1420 . do thuit Carran dot laimh luinn, Cog. 80.14 . mar a fuigmís sássadh . . . ┐ sinn l.¤ ravenously hungry, SG 40.16 . dogoas consors gan tsorb / is nach l.¤ fria geis do thsíor irritable when importuned, ZCP v 487 § 13 (B. na f.). do shín riot a righeach n-áluinn / Íosa Críosd — fa caomhthach lonn (to the Cross), DDána 41.31 . Cailleach Dé . . . / ní luath labhras is ní l.¤ , Aithd. D. 1.34 . ná bí luathaigeantach l.¤ , Magauran 2360 . Alasdran, mairtīreach l.¤ , Celtica iv 143 § 124 . is ionann Lochlonnach . . . is duine láidir ar fairrge; óir is ionann l.¤ is láidir . . . , Keat. iii 2461.

By transf. of weapons, armour, etc. laigni lonna, Cog. 158.24 . lúireach l.¤ , L. Cl. A. B. 98.142 . cogadh ralann `fierce war', Aithd. D. 91.1 . la neim lāidhe luinde lūaithe, ACL iii 295 § 27.

Of animals, fierce, eager : léomain lonna, LU 2421 . searrach l.¤ , Measgra D. 15.7 . cuiléan l.¤ , Magauran 4419 . Cf. uaill fhearchon, giodh l.¤ a sian, Measgra D. 5.42 .

Freq. as epithet of sea, river, etc. srib lond .i. sribh lūath nō trēn, Corm. Y 786 . rodo-ler lond-láthrustar `raging sea', BDD² 907 . [is] mēit muir mōr cech loch l.¤ , Four Songs 18 § 2 . o Lui lethain luind, Reeves Ad. 270.9 .

Of lightning: línfaid aer lasrach l.¤ , Airne F. 265 . ilar lasrach l.¤ cech leth (in hell), SR 901 . saighnéin lonna loisgeacha, DDána 73.2 .

In phr. is l.¤ la is a cause of anger, displeasure, to: ba lond ┐ ba lesc leis dul 'he was loth to go', ZCP xiii 26.3 . ba lond . . . la H. in ascaid-sin `was grievous to H.', PH 906 . fiarfaighis de in bó lonn leis beith a llos proinne na manach, BNnÉ 28.x . ba holc ┐ ba l.¤ lais in mnai cuil do beth oc H., 861 . cid l.¤ lat-su, lécfither dál dó `disagreeable', MacCongl. 33.7 . ba l.¤ ┐ ba loscad le C., MR 248.8 . Adv. co fergach, lond immar leo, IT i 158.5 . Compar. luindiu gl. indignatione . . . commotior, Ml. 130a13 . 23d22 . láth bas luinniu, LU 4840. Adv. ind luindiu gl. commotius, Ml. 32d1 . loinditi a fearg `the fiercer on that account his anger', Ériu iv 214 § 9. Superl. luindem dib drisiuc `the boldest of them is the d.', O'Dav. 1201. As subst. hesitant, reluctant, unwilling (?) person: na leic lonna lebend leat, Cog. 120.27 ('let not a coward in the field go with thee').

As subst. anger, ferocity : l.¤ .i. fearg, O'Cl. amal léoman . . . lán luind letarthaigh, TTr.² 1477. ? as-ort buidne bruth co [n]dīan | i toīb Leithe, luind fri dúal 'he slew companies in the region about Leithe, having just cause for anger(?)' Éigse x 185 § 17 .

Compds.

(i) With noun. ¤bág: leomain na lonnbága, SR 5722 . co libernmas, co lond-báig `with furious strife', Metr. Dinds. iii 268.26 . tre luinde co londbaid, BB 397b1 . ¤barr: luinde l. `of valorous chiefs', Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 59. ¤bríathraid one who speaks violently : londbriathraid cech n-imreasnaich, iii 230.135 . ¤bruith (vn. of bruithid) `act of fiercely burning ': ag losgadh ┐ ag lonn-bhruith, TSh. 7847. ¤bruth fierce ardour (common as epithet of a warrior): cride licce, londbruth loga, Sc.M² § 15.9 . `is muir tar glasa dodānic ann ēm', or Fergus, `is londbruth loga', TBC-I¹ 3358. ri Laighen londbruth leomain, Anecd. ii 35 § 6 . tria lonnbruth na mbríg ṁbassa, SR 6795 . ¤búaid: ro-das-troeth cech n-olc ar huair / ro-s-glaed cech locht cen lonnbuaid, SR 6554 . ¤buiden: lá na lonna-bhuidhne, Keat. Poems 50. ? ¤chride: risin fingalach nach fann / bed a n-idnai co hutmall, / ma fer lonncraiti ar gach leth, / biaid Conmaicne co coscrach, Fen. 348.17 . ¤fhiach fierce vulture : díon Laighneach ar lainnfhiachaibh, DDána 117.25 . ¤gair fierce cry : būaid Dromma Leugairi lúaith / londgair la cūain gormais méin, Éigse x 187 § 25 ( LL 6111 ). ¤gairge: beithir ar beódhacht ┐ ar lonngaircce an laoichmhilidh sin, AFM v 1694.4 . ¤gal: in ferg fēne co londgail, Sc.M² § 3.8 . ¤gleo fierce combat : ar-cichset airg . . . londgliaid, § 15.18 . ¤gnáth: snás dar Lifi co lond-gnáth `in furious wise', Metr. Dinds. ii 68.30 . la tri coicda dinaib lanamnaib lucht londgnad, LL 4978 . ¤gním: do Mheargach . . . na lonngníomh (sic leg.), Oss. iv 108.12 . laige 'na lonn-gnimaibh, MR 154.2 . ¤letrad: amal leoman londletarthi `wildly mangling', TTebe 2530 ( ¤letartha, v.l.). ¤nert: ar loinneart . . . i ngach cath, Magauran 3226 . ¤ócán: lonnogán .i. ógán lonn .i. ógán feargach, O'Cl. ? ¤scíath: in é an leathangae loindsgéth, TBC St. 3261.

(ii) With adj. In dvandva compds. ¤balcc fierce and strong : na laech lúath londbailc, TTr. 1687 . ¤bras: tar lear londbras, Anecd. i 54 § 33 . ciambad l. digal Dé, SR 3617. ilar l. leoman, 900 . ¤glúair: co toracht Lochlaind lonngluair, Metr. Dinds. ii 28.44 . ¤mer: leoman londmer, TTebe 3207 . in ri londmer gaisceadmer, 2846 . ruaic garc an leomain loinnmir, Irish Texts ii 21 § 39 . do tholgánaib sgiath loinnmhear, ML 130.9 (`bright'). As subst. (of a prince) loinnmher as lúthmhuire, L. Cl. A. B. 147.40 . ¤rúad fierce and mighty : tar ler londruadh, Anecd. i 52 § 19.

In adj. formed from nouns: For ¤aindsclech see s.v. aindsclech. ¤bágach fiercely aggressive : Dauid 's ind leo lonndbágach. SR 5726 . ¤béimmennach: Lugh . . . loinnbhéimionnach, Atlantis iv 162.1 . ¤brígach: amal leomain londbrighach `fiercely strong', Aen. 2572 . ¤chrechach: in lámfada londcreacach, PBerchán § 88 (cf. ZCP xviii 32 § 86 ). ¤chréchtach: amal leomain londchrechtaig, TFerbe 733 . ¤ḟergach: faol-chú foghlach ┐ leómhan loinn-fheargach `raging', TSh. 1160. ¤galach valorous: Braon, breas Laighean lonnghalach. AFM ii 656.13 . ¤gnímach: laech . . . lonngnimach, BB 419b4 . do Chloinn loinnghníomhaigh Lachloinn, L. Cl. A. B. 30.8 . Adv. do ghaibh go lúthmhar . . . lonnghníomhach aige laochbhualadh, Comp. CC 130.9 . ¤guinech: a lamaib laech londguinech, Alex. 19.

1 ortha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ortha or dil.ie/34038

Forms: órtha

n n, f. (Lat. oratio, older derivative than oráit) ortha artha [orrtha, árrtha add. H], IGT Dec. § 8.7 . In late lang. also órtha, -st.

A prayer, esp. a formal or memorized one, whether recited or sung:

(a) of Christian worship: a canar dind offriund . . . iter introit ┐ orthana `prayers', Thes. ii 252.14 ( Stowe M. 64b ). Níníne écess doríne in n-orthainn-sse, ii 322.2 ( Hy. iii pref. ). co n-orthonaib (of Tabernacle worship), SR 4323. orda (.i. guide), ZCP v 486.7 (B. na f.). Misereatur ┐c .i. orrtha as gnáth do rádh san absolóid, Mac Aingil 332.12 . ag radh na horrthan so, Parrth. Anma 324.12 . ro gab .l. salm ┐ .l. orthan, Cog. 196.27 . As -st.: an aoine órtha .i. an ched- aoine don corghas, BNnÉ 219 n. 2 . tri caoca salm . . . dá chét orrtha, O'Gr. Cat. 637.25. Of heathen worship: gabaidh .iiii. horthana for cét frisna deibh, Marco P. 170.

(b) an incantation, spell, charm : iptha ┐ éle ┐ arthana, TBC-LL¹ 3638 , cf. 3640 . do chuir orrtha innte do tromugud a codulta put a spell on it (a bed), RC xix 154.5 ( Fier. 136 ). ar n-órtha chodail our sleep-charm, TD 25.7 . sribh . . . 'na orthain d'ḟir ḟiabhrasa, IGT Dec. ex. 1023. im arthan bewitched butter (?), ex. 299 . orthana filidechta (used in healing), O'Gr. Cat. 239.30 . aos órtha `chanters' (of lampoonists), Ó Bruad. ii 138.3 .

sreb, srib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sreb, srib or dil.ie/38760

Forms: sreabh, sriobh, sribh, sreabha, srib, sreb, shreibh, sreabha, sríubh, sriubh

n ā, f. [and u, m.? Orig. gender and inflexion doubtful] sreabh, IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . In bardic verse also sriobh. sribh m., g s. sreabha, IGT Decl. § 71 . Note also d s srib, LL 297b49 ( SG 366.3 ). a s. sreb, MU² 473 (see notes). ? g s. go Cill Fhinnshreibh , L. Cl. A. B. 127.15 . g pl. na sreabha , CF Eg. 14 . n s. sríubh, IGT Decl. ex. 1031 v.l. sriubh, Ó Bruad. ii 136.1 .

(a) stream, river : sribh lūath nō trēn, Corm. Y 786 . ri [cria]thras usce . . . | iar srebaib, SR 43 . is leo gach sreab thana thiar, BB 8b20 . no maidhís secht srebae trīana corr . . . muilenn . . . for cech sreibh dībh, MacCongl. 124.36 - 7 . fodord Féne ra fúaim sreb, LL 298a33 ( SG 366.28 ). co srothaib ┐ srebaib, Laws i 26.27 Comm . for srebhaibh ┐ for minsrothaibh, CCath. 2384 . sreabh fhúar ga hibhe dho b[h]osaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 48 . ar ibh do shreabhaibh learga L., TD 29.32 . sreabh fiar, 10.33 . sribh tre tholchaibh . . . | na orthain (horthuin, v.l.) d'fhir fhíabhrasa, IGT Decl. ex. 1023 . gotha an mhinshreabha, Aithd. D. 76.16 . ar sriobh, IGT Decl. ex. 1549 . ro meabaidh a sreph glan-fhúar, Misc. Hag. Hib. 106 § 19 . ní ibhedh acht fuair-srebha, AFM v 1750.6 . gussin sreibh sruthglain, MR 104.9 .

(b) Of specific streams: ó chaoilshriobh Chaisil, TD 17.35 . sreabh Feirsde, L. Cl. A. B. 89.60 . go sreibh Lóime, 127.14 . sreabh ghormmhall na gealMhainge, IGT Decl. ex. 1218 . Of the Jordan (metaph.): dírigh sinn go sreibh do bhaisde, Dán Dé x 21 . sreab Īsu is Eōin | a huisce co tī tarum-sa, ACL iii 235.1 .

(c) Extended meanings: sreb gl. fistula, BCr. 39c5 . Of the sea: dorúacht . . . co sreib sáil, SR 5475 . a fhir im-théit sále s.¤ , MU² 473 (see note). sreabh chalaidh ní thiomchuil tú, L. Cl. A. B. 240.96 . Of milk in the cow's teat: masa sreb ro milledh an[n] isin tsine, Laws iii 366.5 Comm . cóil sreibe hi folldeirb, Triads 75 v.l. = srithide, text, with gloss: an sreab bainne dá chrú. Of blood: robatar a shreba fola assa innaib, LL 283b46 . combatar a sreba fola eistib, YBL 131b42 . sreaba cro, CCath. 6132 . sreabh chiuin don fhuil-se an ochta, DDána 40.9 . Of tears: sreabh re labhra léghthórach | do fher th'abhra úrchráobhach, IGT Decl. ex. 1302 . Of fire: srib tine gl. srabtine, O'Dav. 1491 (etymol. gloss). Cf. srebh .i. lasair, O'Curry 1470 ( H 3.18, 652 ). o sreibh teinedh bhreine, ITS xxix 136.28 . ? Of wine at a feast: sreb na suan ag reic roghan, Irish Texts ii 66 § 25 . sreab dar gar a fer faire | is fled nar an gan ibe | duais . . . | fat' ól sreibe fuair file, § 26 . ? Of ink: 's a sreabha na sínéireacht `with their rivers of signatures', Ó Bruad. iii 16.7 . Of hair: a chúl na sreabh, Dánta Gr. 11.18 . Of birds: ri dorigni sreba sluag | dona hénaib formed the birds into flights (?), SR 305 . a clann d'fheartaibh óghMhuire | thall 'n-a n-ealtain éinshreibhe `are pouring into heaven, a close-gathered flock', Aithd. D. 60.46 . In phrase tar (in) sreib chatha in contexts ref. to rout, flight, etc.: doradad ár for clannaibh Ēimir uile ┐ rosráined tar sreib chatha budhess `sie wurden über das Gewässer der Schlacht geworfen', ZCP xiii 196.10 . do srainetar uili . . . tar an sreib catha íatt, Celt. Rev. iii 308.10 . rosrainid Fir Bolg dar in s.¤ catha, Ériu viii 38.4 . Of knowledge, learning: tobar lomnán d'fhírshreibh eóil, TD 25.28 . fírshreabh d'fhoilgheas ealadhan `a pure stream of recondite poetry', 32.2 . Of persons: sreba sencha, SR 987 . sreba siabra, 8305 . sriobh nach dtragh re gal greine (a chieftain), ZCP ii 354.30 . ? a srib indaimthe an Airdríg, IGT Verbs ex. 599 . sreabh tobair na trócoire (of Christ), PBocht 15.13 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤drem: s. i rechtaibh ruadmuc, BB 388a7 = serb-dremm, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.10 . ¤gním: dafuc sáile dar srib-gním (seirbgnim, v.l.) `streaming currents', Metr. Dinds. iii 190.2 . ¤long: on Commar s. segda, glossed: gus a soighit loinges srubfada, Leb. Gab.(i) 128.13 . ¤shíd: a charrag na gcuan sreibhshídh of peaceful streams, DDána 68.36 . ¤thonn: a chenn hic srebthuind na fairrge (of a horse), RC xxxvi 263 § 23 .

(b) With adjj. ¤derg: dona srábaib srebdergaib, SR 6780 . ¤dían: Eass . . . sreb-dian . . . Ruaidh, MR 104.14 . ¤gel: ar in Sinainn srib-gil `white-flowing', Metr. Dinds. iii 294.46 . ¤glan: bunad Sinna srib-glaine, Metr. Dinds. iii 292.6 . ¤glas: for ur Samhaoire sriobhglaisi, AFM vi 2026.1 . ¤grinn: rodlín snim sribgrinn, SR 6479 . ¤lúath: sribluath, O'Curry 106 ( H 3.18, 70 ) (cf. Corm. Y 786 ). searbh-shrotha sriobh-luatha, TSh. 6628 . ¤mall: tar an moir sribmall, IGT Verbs ex. 232 . ¤oll: on ccosarnaigh sreabuill `from the great streaming slaughter', Leb. Gab.(i) 110.11 . ¤rúad: tar sál sreabhruadh, SGS iv 140 § 15 . ¤úaine: dar na srothaib srib-úaine, Metr. Dinds. iii 294.28 .