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amlad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amlad or dil.ie/3144

 

Forms: -aid

n m. (g s. and n p. -aid), IGT Decl. § 11 . Verbs § 82 . Vn. of 2 amlaid. act of adorning; decoration, variegation(?): dá grúad co n-amlud intibsen do ballaib bith-chorcra, BDD² 37 `alternation(?)', Gloss. amladh óir ar iarann, Magauran 726 . amhladh dh' ór ceard, DDána 68.32 . sgíeth . . . go n-amladh n-óir, Duan. F. ii 308 § 41 . Note also: cuach go n-amlaibh (? for amladh) óir, KMMisc. 364 § 13 (`apples(?)'). Used as vn.: meirge . . . / srol reandach . . . / co h-eangach ar na amhladh `in folds displayed', MR 228.16 . cearda ann ag amladh óir, Magauran 375 . usaide amladh laoidhe / duid . . ., 3314 . a lucht an talmhan is truagh / bhar n-amhladh ar ucht bhar Ríogh / ionnsa a dhaoine toll 'na thaobh `the marks ye put on your King's breast', Dán Dé xxvi 4 ( IGT Verbs ex. 771 ).

2 as

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 as or dil.ie/4359

 

Forms: as, ais, asa, asa

n m. as (óir) m. (g s. and n p. ais, asa), IGT Decl. § 38 . shoe, slipper; hose: `a.¤ .i. bróg a shoe, rather a stocking. Pl. asa Engl. hose ', P. O'C. hais .i. broga . . . hasaib haccrandaib .i. asa dergarimoind(?) ima cosaibh .i. asaite imtecht a tribuis ┐ a cuarain ime, O'Dav. 1068 . cúis tuirse mar táithe i nglas / fa gnáithe i n-a.¤ cuisne an chos more usual to have your foot in a shoe frozen hard, DDána 79.28 . sról no a.¤ donn fa dhemheas / do legheas bhas corr chuireas, IGT Decl. ex. 1339 . a dá ass . . . a dī lāmhann, ZCP vi 271.18 . ass (osann, osanna v.ll.) fá chois an Ríghmhilidh sin, ITS i 122.30 . go n-asaibh airgid fhinnghil / fa colpaip séimhe soillsi `he wore gaiters(?)', Duan. F. ii 392 § 80 . ass arcait ima cois cli / . . . / ass orda ima chois ndeis, Manners and Customs iii 166 n. ro fháccaibh a ionnchomhardha .i. lethass `one slipper', AFM vi 1876.6 (of a claimant to a chieftaincy, see O'Brien, Celtica ii 351-3 ). Hence fer in ais (asa) óir used in class. verse of persons of high rank (`inaugurated chief', O'Brien): fear scéith óir is aonasa (: Aodha-sa), LBranach 750 . fer an ais óir ar a eing / budh tóir ar in nGlais nGaibhnind, IGT Decl. ex. 999 . fear an éngha 's an ais óir / ní thérna tóir ar ais úaidh, ex. 1054 . dá chrann ḟir an órasa / ní rann sin 's an Sémussa, ex. 1055 . ar ngabhail géill an ais (: lais) óir, LBranach 6605 . mac Aodha na n-a.¤ n-óir, O'R. Poems 1924 . mac Sēmais do thimchail tīr / cas imc[h]air in ēnais ōir, Butler Poems 2214 . Cf. 1 assa(e).

Compd. mac Aengusa aslethain broad-shoed , LB 15b36 .

1 cingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cingid or dil.ie/9131

 

Forms: cinnid, rocindset, cindis, cingiu, c., cingith, -cing, cinges, cinces, ciṅges, cinnges, cengair, -cengur, cengar, cengmai, cingme, cenggait, cengait, ceṅgait, -cengat, cengta, cengtai, ceṅgtar, cinged, chinged, ro-chiṅged, cindtis, cingsiu, cind-siu, ciṅg, cing, ceingeth, ceis, ceis, ceset, ciasair, cessair, cessed, chessed, ceised, cesead, cesad, cichsi, cichseo, cichis, cichsithear, cicsimiu, cichsit, cichsett, cichsot, cichside, cichsed, cichtis, cechaing, chechaing, ceuchaing, ciuchaing, cheachaing, chighsiom, ciseadh, céimm

v later cinnid ( cinnit, LU 3598 ( SCC 30 ), rocindset, BB 47a15 . cindis, TBC-LL¹ 3777 ). For quality of root vowel see GOI 49 . Ind. pres. 1 s. cingiu, AFM i 330.16 . 3 s. c.¤ , LU 3830 ( SCC 37 ). 5732 . Laws i 10.26 . cingith, LU 6331 . -cing, Bruchst. 121 . Ériu i 122.22 . Rel. cinges, Cáin Ad. 26 . cinces, Ériu xvi 181 § 19 . ciṅges, Thes. ii 253.10 (Stowe Missal). cinnges, LU 8317 ( FB 23 ). Pass. cengair, Laws iii 26.15 . -cengur, i 266.6 . cengar, Auraic. 573 . Anecd. v 26.7 . 1 p. cengmai, ZCP xii 404.10 . Rel. cingme, LU 4704 . 3 p. cenggait, RC xx 138.13 . cengait, LU 6177. 2088 . ceṅgait, TFerbe 238 . -cengat, BB 260a61 . Rel. cengta, Metr. Dinds. ii 40.57 . cengtai, IT i 77.11 . Pass. ceṅgtar, LL 20148 . Impf. 3 s. cinged, Bruchst. 114 . no chinged , LU 8912 . ro-chiṅged, RC xxiv 176.24 . 3 p. no cindtis , Anecd. i 60 § 88 . Impv. 2 s. cingsiu, LU 5182 . cind-siu, TBC-LL¹ 3298 . ciṅg, MU² 51 . cing, O'Cl. 3 s. ceingeth, Thes. ii 248.6 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ro ceis , Rawl. 62b2 (see ZCP xxii 32 ). ? dian ceis , O'Curry 2273 ( Eg. 88, 20b ). Cf. aracae ? ?3 p. dian ceset , Laws iii 20.12 (cf. O'Dav. 505 ). Pass. s. ciasair, Cóic Con. 43.1 = cessair, ZCP xii 362.2 . Impf. 3 s. cessed, Corp. Gen. 282.y . no chessed , LU 6844 . na ro ceised , BB 205a1 . cesead, Todd Nenn. 144.1 . ? cesad, Ériu i 118 § 8 . fut. 2 s. cichsi, YBL 173b51 . SG 80.3 . cichseo, LL 13833 (see GOI 412 , Hull, Language xxiii 423 ). 3 s. cichis, Corp. Gen. 410.7 . LU 10372. 5506 . RC x 224.165 . Pass. cichsithear, O'Cl. 1 p. cicsimiu (leg. -mi, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 492 ), ZCP xii 404.10 . 3 p. cichsit, ZCP xiii 379.3 = cichsett, ZCP iii 463.y . cichsot, Ériu xvi 146.17 . ? Rel. cichside, Corm. 29.16 . Condit. 3 s. cichsed, LU 8298 ( FB 22 ). 8320 (20). 3 p. cichtis (for cichsitis ?), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.1 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. cechaing, Fél. May 22 and passim. ro chechaing , Ériu iv 140.12 . go ceuchaing , Anecd. ii 54.14 v.l. ciuchaing, do cheachaing , O'Cl. Later with f-fut. and s-pret. Cf. chisigh, Ó Bruad. iii 164.11 . chighsiom, Content. xxii 8 . But these forms, as also Vn. ciseadh, IGT Verbs § 71 , may belong to a difft. word. Vn. céimm.

(a) steps, paces, proceeds, goes : ciṅgis C. co mbái etc., TBC-LL¹ 1947 . cechaing Corrgend . . . / co romarb Aed, Metr. Dinds. iv 102.3 . cing mál .i. cémnig . . . innas as dligthechu, LL 24294 ( RC xxvi 16 § 15 ). cechaing iarum C. co ro gab longphort oc Muaid `then he marched and pitched a camp by the Moy', RC xxiv 178.5 . ba C. costadach cindiustair, 282.2 . cingset ina ccath co ffi, Leb. Gab.(i) 216.17 . ín cet bean calma ro chínd / roghabh Banba ri nd(h)ilind (of Cesair), BB 22a11 . Cf. mōr līach rocēstar int ṡlūaig, Bruchst. 103 ( ro cecht ar an tsluaigh, AFM i 480.14 ). cingit, Auraic. 1287 .

(b) With Vn. céim in figura etymologica: cechaing céim as dírgu (of a saint), Fél. Mar. 20 . a Eochaid . . . arafolmaider ardchricha Cuind ciṅg ceim, Corp. Gen. 80.3 . rochinset a céim curad trod their victorious way, LL 14985 (`covenanted his chief champions', MacCarthy 178.9 = rocindset, BB 47a15 ).

With other nouns: cichis reím roirge ind rig, RC x 224.165 . mairg cingis in rēim rod-sain, ZCP vi 265 § 15 . fri cétchesad na conaire cengait (glossed tiagait), LU 2088 ( FA 15 ). conair cinnius in muadmacaem `wherefore does . . . come', MR 292.y . conad aire sin ro chinnesdair sin an treas lem luthmar lan-edrum, LL 410a13 . fichtibh curach / cechuing trichait / troichet cíabhat (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 194 § 4 . cingis treabh Iūda . . . / in sēt n-ingantach, RC xxxvii 347 § 43 . Cland maic Cairne, cengta róe `who stride through the battle-field', Metr. Dinds. ii 40.57 = ceṅgtar, LL 2014 = ceang do rói, O'Cl. (cf. Hermathena xiv 471 ). déca a chairptiu cinnit glend, LU 3598 ( SCC 30 ). ra chindsem ceird comdana (Fer Diad to Cú Chulainn), TBC-LL¹ 3543 . cechaing thondaig tresaigh maghain mongaigh rónaigh (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 197.5 .

(c) With prepp.: ceingeth ass, Thes. ii 248.6 . cach mac ina chinaid / c.¤ ar chel dies, Laws i 10.26 . c.¤ iarom for rindriis na mbera amal én, LU 5732 . Fear fí for caei cengustar, BB 380b9 . co Críst cechaing sathe (of saints), Fél. Jan. 25 . July 23 . co cóic sétu cingit, Laws iv 340.z . cechaing de sin D., Anecd. i 58 § 68 . de ilṡlúagaib cengat, LU 5476 = cengad, TBC-I¹ 999 . cengat cen chomfoirbb don chathrōi `let them march', Ériu vi 122 § 12 . nír chiṅg din tress, TBC-LL¹ 4047 . ro cingset [do]cum na sruth, CCath. 2573 . caidhe an sról do chinn fad chorp `that girt thy body', A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 7 . cech bradan . . . no chindedh suas frisin coraid, RC xxvi 136.27 . mo dá brattán cen terbba / cengta fri srotha sirti, Trip.² 1286 . diambad mé nochinged ind `when I was wont to wander thither', Metr. Dinds. iii 314.1 . cechaing 'sin báig / i ndáil dígla (of woman warrior), 184.24 . cechaing dias isan mag-sin, Anecd. i 53 § 25 . cingthe secha `he went past them', ZCP iii 212 § 24 . cingset seach tuind crichi / Frangcu, Todd Nenn. 132.9 . cichse a Temair tar fert a fert fogamraig, SG 79.w . cíndit tar cuan fatultaibh, IT iii 91.y . a arrad na holloirbe / tresacing cach caidh which all the pure climb (of Mary), Ériu i 122.22 .

With adverbs and adv. phrases: cechaing súas, Fél. Oct. 9 . cengsat na coin na díaidh (after a pig), Dinds. 74 ( RC xv 474 ). cengsat siar `they fared westward', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . no cinged . . . fot n-aurchora on cathraig, LU 9136 ( FB 88 ).

(d) overcomes, surpasses, excels, exceeds, etc.: flaith fīal Finne / ro das cinne Níal cían Caille `overcame them', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 ( LL 23658 ). cruimther cluana cáidh ro cinn excelled, SG 25.12 . Usually with prepp.: a mathuir na firinne / rocindis ar cach, Ériu i 122.16 . is é Crimthand chinnes ar cách / co fáth fuilech, LL 6468 ( dar cāch, RC xxxvi 263 § 18 ). ar cosnumh creach / cinnidh ar taoisech gach tuaithe, Magauran 3488 . ceand na ttreabh, treabh ar nār cind[e]adh dwelling never surpassed (of Heaven), ZCP xiii 13.25 . tigerna chinnes ar Dubán, CF² 1105 . a Dhé, go gcinnear orra, Measgra D. 78.12 . ro chinn an t-iolar ar uathadh the many defeated the few, AFM iv 996.15 . dias do Gaidilaib . . . do chind . . . do chach uli, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 . Corbbán, rochind for crábud `surpassing in piety', Metr. Dinds. iv 340.13 . ar chleith gCláire nír cinneadh / ar áille deich ndoinningean `unsurpassed for the beauty' (of chieftain), Magauran 4141 . cinnid for cach comlann `obtains the victory in every battle', MR 54.7 . ro chindsetar ar mnáib Eirenn a ndruineachus, Acall. 7311 . co ro cinnset a ccoimhrith foraiph (of horses racing), BNnÉ 325.32 . ra chind ar a chomdinib / im gáis im gasced im gart, TFerbe 641 . ri caisil do chínd os cach, BB 270a16 . Caiseal do chind os gach cind, 19. dochinn . . . tar gach aon, IT ii2 151.770 . ro chinned . . . dar triath bhuidnib togaidi in talman, MR 114.y . don chia rocing tar gach māl (.i. don fer do chēimnig tar gach file), ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.).

comartha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comartha or dil.ie/10762

 

Forms: comarde, -tha, -dha

n (1 airde). Earlier comarde (Wb.), -da(e). Both -tha and -dha attested by rhyme in class. verse.

(a) sign, mark, symbol, token, indication; proof, characteristic: For c.¤ in sense of mark (the coin) see Éigse xii 176 . comarde gl. signaculum, Wb. 10c19 . comarde óisa foirbthi, 22b15 . comarde . . . ar n-ícce, 21a6 . atá comarde fuirib .i. spiritus sanctus , 5 . issed a ch.¤ duit, faricfa in les n-oibela, Vita Br. 15 . comurtha gae a proof of falsehood, Laws v 310.x Comm. is ē c.¤ robūi etarru . . . .i. bleogan na n-earc . . . do lēcad iarsan abaind, Ériu ii 22 § 4 . comarda n-aichnid a familiar token, LU 8792 ( FB 59 ). cathugud cen ch.¤ `contending without proofs' (of pleading), Tec. Corm. 22 . scél can chomarda without evidence, LL 3293 . Cf. sgēl 's a chomhartha ré a chois, Butler Poems 1091 . comhardha dá chomhardhaibh `another sign heralding him' (: talmhain), Aithd. D. 37.19 . is tú a céile ar chomhardhaibh `by all signs', 44.23 . Iúdas do-rat c.¤ doib for Ísu, PH 3083 . fuair bean ar Chian comharrdha / nach biadh gan fhear n-ealadhna an indication (in a vision), O'Hara 115 . Síol gCéin dá chomhartha sin / do an cuid dibh `signs on it' some of S. gC. remained, 1657 . do bidh a chommor-sin do c.¤ aicce co ndechaid se dá oilithre docum na Romha, BCC 140 (140.30 . ? Leg. dá ch.¤ ). go bhfágann sé comhartha spioradálta ansan anam `a spiritual character', Donlevy 230.17 . ? buta, cusbóir, comhartha, Eg. Gl. 58 .

Miscellaneous applications: forḟagaib comartada imda in gach aird for doman traces (of Alexander), ZCP xxx 103.25 . folliucht no c.¤ in oirechais i mbátar = (non est in uentus) locus eius, PH 4272 . dhí bhus buan a chomhartha (: Lothra), Content. ii 33 . ag foillsiugud c.¤ an dileghtha symptoms, RC xlix 8.13 . na comharthadha cinnte fhorfhógras an bás, TSh. 1549 . na comarthada dermaire ┐ na mirbuli, PH 2763 . comhurta ingantuis (miraculum), Smaointe B. Chr. 2144 . comhluath is chluinid comhartha an chluig, RSClára 99b . comhartha na croiche, Beatha S. F. 394 . ré comhartha sóirt `by making signs to his partner' (at gambling games), Donlevy 98.2 . Mac Aingil 3338 . na dena sighna naid comharthadha ele, ITS xxix 202.5 . do tshuigigud na na[i]rdr[e]annach ┐ cá fad bíd siat ana comurtaib `zodiacal signs', O'Gr. Cat. 323.11 . imdenum na firmaminti . . . cona comartaidhti ┐ cona rindib, Grail 1641 . comarda criche `meers of a territory', Laws iv 142.25 Comm. comarda feadha no muighe, craind no liag no comarda talman, 144.3 - 4 Comm. fidhbla .i. crich son íncoisce bile feada, no fid comarda hé, 142.19 Comm. ail annscuithe, no crann, no líg . . . Dia mbed secht comarda dib and `land-marks', 17 Comm. c.¤ sliged `a way-mark', TTebe 1919 . ro soighset . . . co focus don chomhartha goal (in racing), Aen. 1051 . rosuidiged leosum . . . crich ┐ c.¤ cusa leicfitis an n-eocho, TTebe 2310 . bíd comardae fora mbudin distinguishing mark, token, LU 5540 . bid fó lim donísed c.¤ n-úait, 5402 . bíd etrond do chomarthu (of a ring), Fraech 153 . túag nime . . . i c.¤ ṡáertha ṡíl Ádaim, Ériu ii 198.7 a chomhardha catha battle standard, DDána 85.21 . leoman buidhe i srol uaine comharda na Craobh Ruaidhe, MR 228.6 . ro aithnigedar . . . Ercuil . . . ara comartaibh .i. lorg etc., Stair Erc. 1474 . corr-fhocail nach bhfuil coitchionn do mhíniúghadh: ag so a gcomhartha, (1) marked thus(1), Donlevy xxii 21 .

(c) Of a mark on the body: cen cu hairgitear indbe ina n-adharcaib na tuill ina clusaib .i. cin gu roib comarthadha orra, O'Curry 1906 ( 23 P 3, 23 (21)c ). Breasal Enechglas . . . .i. comarta glasa bai for a aighid, BB 249b28 . Cf. cosin comardu adgnithside with the . . . distinguishing mark (of bees), Laws ii 120.y Comm. cin cu be acht comurtha ann `though there should only be a mark (left on the body)' (contr. with cned which draws blood), 156.24 Comm. mana be c.¤ inn is crannchor eaturra . . . dia mbé c.¤ . . . (of an alleged assault), O'Curry 2191 ( Eg. 88, 7c ). comhartha an timcheallgheartha, séla fíréntachda an chreidimh, Romans iv 11 .

Precise application uncertain: epscop .i. co c.¤ no cen c.¤ `sign', Laws i 42.31 Comm. trí chomhortha na cruinne / . . . / trí rígh maolta gach móide / aonta trír na Tríonóide, DDána 60.13 (`beacons', Ir. Monthly 1922, 72 ). aisedh dobheir maoin im Fhlann / comhardha na nGall ria a ais `concord', AFM i 508.3 .

crothaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crothaid or dil.ie/13149
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: croithid, crathaid, craithid, crothad

v ā (cf. 2 crod?) also croithid, crathaid, craithid.

(a) shakes, causes to tremble; brandishes: líth . . . / crothass loṅga lúatha, Fél. Sept. 9 . crothais domnu, Corp. Gen. 2.48 . ce ro crateá rígaball fó rigthorad immi, LU 6468 (TBC). ro croth . . . Manannan a brat eter Coin culand ┐ Faind, 4032 ( SCC 48 ). ? crothid conchend catha ceirp, 3629 ( 31 ). crothis a scíath ┐ cresaígis a slega, 6282 (TBC). crithir crithes crothas cuan, Auraic. 5260 . rochroth armu Alinde, Metr. Dinds. ii 82.40 . in t-Úar ronúar-chroth `who stirred its cold waters', iv 230.x . cāin crothfidher gaiscedh, ZCP x 344.20 (cf. EaB ii 720 § 20 ). sról mar chraiter lé cumail, IGT Decl. ex. 738 . ? crotait irgala ecrat, LL 35939 . do chraith he fen amal aquil, YBL 151a13 . co ru-s-craith in pelait uile, PH 547 . gur croithestair slíabh n-Elpa uadh (intrans.?), CCath. 863 . With prep. AS: crothaidh eiste na h-armu sin 'shakes off those missiles', CCath. 3651​ .

Form unclear in: ros ecroth a chend (recte a cenn) frisin slúag, LU 5268 = TBC-I¹ 792 = craith[h]is, TBC St. 1283 . ros ecroth úad frisna slúagaib (of heads), LU 6564 . rose-chroth, TBC-I¹ 2049 = ros croth, TBC-LL¹ 2740 .

(b) sprinkles, scatters : crothaidh luaithredh oraibh fein, Smaointe B. Chr. 3957 . croithid a fuil mur idhbairt uime, Maund. 149 . co crothann (crothad, v.l.) inn uisci sin co srebhaib ┐ srothaib, Éigse xxi 3 § 2 . croith uisce glanta orra, Numbers viii 7 . Note also: do chraith ross tarum, YBL 148a48 .

(c) plunders, harries, harrasses ; crothais Brega / B.B., Corp. Gen. 5.17 . ro croithset na Troianu in dínn, BB 424a41 . crothfidir for cathir saetraigfit for saerclanda, 429b45 . rotus croith im a n-ór robbed them of their gold, Alex. 1092 . rochroid descert domain / cath C., ZCP iii 38.7 . ro chroithset ┐ ro airgset an tír uile, AFM ii 1154.11 .

Vn. crothad. Part. miosúr maith dingthe, croithte, Lk. vi 38 .

dumach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dumach or dil.ie/19223

 

Forms: Dumiche, Dumichae, Dumecham

n ā, f. (1 duma) IGT Decl. § 190 .

(a) sand-bank, but also used like duma for bank or mound in general. Latinized gen. Dumiche, Ardm. 11b2 , Dumichae, 12a1 ; accus. ad Dumecham , 11b2 ( Thes. ii 265 ). iní rofasas ar ur na dumaige sandbank, Laws i 170 Comm. do bháidh muir airde an oirir | an fhairrgi do dhluigh dumhaidh (= dumhaigh?), 3 C 13, 736.14 . robáitte oc na dumachaib oc Taig Duind, LL 13b18 . roadnacht in triar ele a ndumhachaib Findmaige, BB 30b39 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 559 ). na dumacha derboile a cailltib ard-Almaine, ZCP v 23 . ret[h]it daim a dumachaibh | [f]ri dorddan na damgaire, LL 118a13 ( Ériu vii 1 ). Magh na nd.¤ , ZCP xiii 170 . hi cCaislén na Dumhcha, AFM iv 852 . Of a mound or elevation in general: ro linsadar muir na cathrach ┐ dumacha aili airechtais ac fegad int [sh]luaig, TTebe 2643 .

(b) Transf. heap, mass in general: críoch Mhidhe uile ina lasrachaibh . . . 'na dumachaibh smúid-leathna . . . smúr-luaithreadh, ML 84 . Esp. of cloud-masses: tancadar dumacha derid in lae ` mists ', CCath. 2496 , 2637 . fri dumachaib derid laoi, TMoméra 156 . ? Of a cushion: lasuidh srol dearg ar dhumhaidh | fa chúl cas Í Chonchobair, 3 C 13, 715.2 .

2 engach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 engach or dil.ie/20084

 

Forms: eangach

adj o-ā: the meaning is not certain, but from the contexts the most likely suggestion is: decorated with piece-work (or patches, either joined together or laid on appliqué) so as to form stripes or a chequer or pattern; this is suggested by the combination of epithets in CCath. 5312 (where allusion is no doubt to leather covering of shield); then probably connected with 2 eng (a), q.v.; cf. also O'Dav. 1056 (quoted ibid.): di sciathaib tuí tæbgela. ┐ corcra condualcha ┐ engacha úanidi, LL 235 b45 = TTr. 1402 . trí scēith engacha co dtuágmhilaibh fiondruine forra, TBC-LL¹ 5536 St. sciath engach uaine, Acall. 1035 . Fianaig. 88.6 . CCath. 4946 . 5312 . Duan. F. i 35.18 . scabal engach, Fianaig. 84.29 . étach e.¤ , Acall. 6995 . (na hétaigi) engacha idlaighi órdaighi aladbreca, 3410 n. inar engach órsnáithech, SG 268.13 . cotún síoda soinemhuil | ... engach `a silk jerkin...gussetted' Rel. Celt. ii 260.37 . Here perhaps: meirge righ Breatan... | srol reandach, gorm is geal | co heangach arna amhladh `in folds dis- played' MR 228.16 (the transl., however, refers rather to 3 engach). Hence also variegated , eangach ` pied, parti-coloured, striped ' P. O'C. : cach slis seng, cach sliasat gel | bid engach dub fo deired streaked (mottled) and livid (? of corruption of body aḟter death) ACL iii 239.22 . Of land, countryside, perh. in ref. to the patch-work effect of fields as seen from an eminence: céile an chláir eangaigh iubraigh, Top. Poems 84.24 . san iaith eangaigh Ḟódla-so, Ó Bruad. iii 78.20 . See Measgra D., p. 250 .

fo-luigi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-luigi or dil.ie/23191
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: folaid, folaich, fullugaimm, -folcai, foluigi, foilcc, fus-luget, fo-d-lugai, farolgais, folloig, follaig, farrolaig, -forlaig, farlaic, foluicct[h]er, foilg-, falc-, folch-, falch-, -folaig, -foiligh

v i (for etym. see Ériu xii 221 ). ipv. 2 s. folaid (= folaig) Corm. Y 690 . folaich, ZCP viii 311.5 (Laud 610). pres. ind. 1 s. fullugaimm (gl. abdo) Sg. 22b4 . 2 -folcai, Lism. L. 3489 . 3 s. foluigi, Anecd. iii 57.14 (Laud 610) (cf. noda foilcc , SR 251 , by Strachan, VSR p. 68 , referred, with a query, to folcim; see folcaid). 3 pl. fus-luget, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . subj. pres. 2 s. mad fo-d-lugai (ma folugai, cia foluga, v.l.), Fél. June 6 . pret. and perf. 2 s. farolgais, LU 4119 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 10 ). 3 s. folloig, TBC-I¹ 2053 = follaig LU 6567 . farrolaig (refl.), Bodl. Corm. s.v. lethech ( Corm. Y 825 ), -forlaig, Fianaig. 16.6 , etc. Cf. con farlaic , AFM ii 586.20 . Pass. pres. foluicct[h]er, O'Mulc. 760 . Vn. 1 folach, q.v.

In Mid. Ir. commonly treated as simple vb., stem foilg- (failg-) (occas. folc- falc- may be scribal error), later folch-, falch- ( IGT III exx. 458 , 460 ); 3 s. perf. -folaig (-falaig, -foiligh).

Lit. `lays under ' hence

(a) covers, hides, conceals: foilgiseom a gnuis, LU 5200 ( -sseom, TBC-I¹ 721 ). follaig Medb ... a hainech, LU 6567 . cia ḟalchaid a agaidh, ZCP x 52.17 . folcuit a n-aighti ... lena mbélaib úachtair, Maund. 176 . do ḟalaich I. a chend re nāiri, Lec. [70b] 25 . ciaptar carait coraib crech | forrolaich talam, Rawl. 156b23 (possibly fosr-; = fos rolaic, BB 151b22 ). ni farlaig talam ... fer fo Mael ... Muru the earth never covered a man like M. AU 886 = Bruchst. i § 112 . nī forlaig hiriu ... sēt bad n-amradar, Fianaig. 16 § 39 . Cf. con farlaic tonn talman until earth covered him AFM ii 586.20 . See also c below. ro foilgeset in chlérig a lungai isin bailiu sin, Trip. 36.13 (375 = absconderunt). do ḟoilgettar ... a n-artraige, ITS xvi 28.14 . forroilged la G. dabach il-lac mara, Anecd. i 1y . rofoilgedh leis dabach lān di arcad, 4.26 . do folchadur na hIdhail an croch ... a talamh, Maund. 12 . rofolchadh cistedha ... fon talmain, BNnÉ 318 § 9 . cáitt inar ḟoilgis do mac? ... Nir ḟoilgius itir he where hast thou hidden thy son? I have not hidden him at all LB 144a38 . do rug se B. leis ┐ rofhoiligh e ina caislén, ZCP vi 277.1 . dá bhfolchadh úir a aghaidh IGT III ex. 458 . adeirid gur folchadh fa dhílinn e `was hidden from [? under] the deluge' Keat. i p. 152 (cf. Éigse iv 248 ). foluigh mé faói scáile do sciathán!, Psalms xvii 8 . mo lucht iomtha mh'uilc ... nīr ḟailgedar hid not my wrong-doing ZCP xii 383.30 ( YBL 372b26 ) = Dán Dé xvi 11 . mo chion féin acht nach folchuinn, Dán Dé xxii 29 . néall ... lé bhfolchar grian na ngrás, TSh. 10739 . gur ḟolaigheadar na tonna an t-arthrach, Matthew viii 24 . With FOR of pers. (Cf. 1 for II (l)): foilgid ... a gnúis forro hides his face from them TBC-LL¹ 1361 . ra foilged Ioib fair, LL 217a19 ( TTr. 11 ). do ḟaluigh oirn in gréin nglain | a sgáile his shadow hid the sun from us Anecd. 33 § 67 . cid uma bhfolcai forainn ratha ... in Spirta?, Lism. L. 3489 . rofoilghidh na slighthi ... forra, CCath. 2351 . ó ro ḟolchait [folcait foilgit v.l.] ardslébe na hEtáile forsin airdrí[g] were hidden (i.e. beneath the horizon) CCath. 1451 . foileóchad orra na fáidhe, Mac Aingil 416.16 (cf. Isaiah xxix 10 : prophetas ... operiet). With RÉ N-: is romainde ro falchabair bar mbiad, LB 154b44 . With FRI/RI: ris nach falchoid tíre a dtoirthe 'from whom regions do not hide their fruit', Giolla Brighde 16 § 20 .

Reflex. hides oneself: hi cressaib ... na secht nime fus-luget in dā crithmhil dēc (i.e. the Zodiacal signs), Ériu ii 110 § 29 . nos-failgid fo chossaib ... Menerba, Aen. 495 (= sub pedibusque deae ... teguntur Aeneid ii 227 ). farrolaig didiu Ciuitēni fadesin himmaig, Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech ( Corm. Y 825 ). nā roḟalcha diabul he fen i mbiadaib, LB 234b7 . do fhalcastair he a nduama aineolaig, TTebe 1259 .

Absol. : rotheigh ┐ ro folaig ría German hid (himself) from G. LU 242 (Todd Todd Nenn. 102 ).

(b) in specific sense covers, spreads ... over: ni fhalaigh aol | aghaidh chathrach a comhchaomh lime does not cover the front of a castle so fair Ériu v 60 . ro foilgetar an tech d'etaigiph, Aisl. Tond. 112 § 3 . do folchad na buird do srol ┐ do sída, Fianaig. 56.3 . do folcadh búird ... an ríoghtheaghlaigh ┐ do dáileadh togha gacha bídh ... forra, Maguires of F. § 28 . foileóchthar leó learga Midhe | ré méid na gcreach, TD 16.60 .

(c) various extensions of meaning: rabert béim din chulg dét dó go ra ḟolaig na chliab buried it in his chest TBC-LL¹ 3830 . nior folchadh gráinne nar ghin not a grain was sown but it sprouted, IGT III ex. 459 . ? noglésed a guth dóib, conda-foilged ind-ara fecht. dondiusced in fecht aile, Ériu i 114 § 2 (= so that he hid i.e. lowered and raised it alternately ?). mairg doman ┐ talam ┐ uisci i n-ar folchedh in tṡaerclann `was submerged' AU ii 520 (cf. Ann. Conn. 1365 § 8 ). in loch sa ... eter gnaī ┐ glór is ghen | ór is fīn faī do foilgedh beauty, speech and laughter, gold and wine were submerged beneath it (of drowning of Somairle) ib. anfa mara ... ros foluigh uile engulfed them (of Pharao and his hosts), Keat. ii 349 . bās Seaāin is dīth Donncaidh | gach nemāgh dá bfrīth falchaidh eclipse all disasters that were ever known ZCP ii 354.24 . an bior tarla san troighidh | cion na habhla do fholuigh, PBocht 21 § 22 . Cf. onchoin Ghaeidheal ar na nguin, folchaidh aeinḟear a n-easbhaidh `one man would supply their loss' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 156.6 . mar do beith sib beo co brāth ... falchaid mēt bar muirni a muig | cen chuimni fon ēc acuib the exuberance of your spirits hides death from your remembrance (?) ACL iii 239 § 24 .

fri

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fri or dil.ie/24329
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: frimm, rimm, frim, frím, frium, frimsa, friumsa, frit, fritt, friutt, fritsu, rut, rutt, fris, friss, frissom, f., frie, friae, frise, frie, frinn, rinn, rind, friunn, riund, frind, frinni, raindi, frinnai, frib, frithib, fribsi, friu, friú, friu, friü, frithiu, friithu, friusom, riom, rum, riot, rut, ris, ria, rinn, ruinn, ribh, ruibh, riú, r, frim, frit, fria, friar, fribar, fria, frim, frim, frim, ram, frit, frit, frit, rit, rat, rot, friar, friar, fribar, fribar, fria, fria, fria, re-na, rena, fria, fris(s)a, frisi-, risi-, fris-, ris-, frismbiat, fris-mbruchta, fris, fris, fris, risa, frisin-, frisnid, risnad, ris, fria, frisa, re n-, fria-, re, ra-n-adh, re, re, ré, freisin, FRI

prep. with acc. For etymology see Thurneysen, GOI § 839 , Fraser ZCP viii 37 , J. E. C. Williams, Celtica iii 126 . In later spelling prefixes h- to following initial stressed vowel; does not leníte following consonant (cf. frinna aill, Sg. 45a16 . fri nnach ..., Ml. 75a9 , fri nnech 23c20 ; but fri nech further on in same gloss and regularly elsewhere); the initial s- of the article following fri is preserved. In Middle Irish gradually replaced by the forms RI, RE (already in Ml: oc eregim re Abisolon, 44b4 , cf. fre, 90c27 ); RA (common in some LL texts, see CRR 54 , TBC-LL¹ 499 , 602 , 740 , etc.); rarely RO ( SR 1990 ZCP xiii 204 15 ); FRIA, RIA, RE also common. Hence in Early Mod. Ir. there is occasionally confusion with , RÍA `before', see Bergin's note Stor. Keat. p. xix , and section IX (e) below. Apart from this the latter prep. sometimes replaces FRI after fáilid, fáilte and kindred words (as in Mod. Ir.). On the parallelism of some of the pronominal forms of FRI with those of LA see GOI l.c. (with Translator's n. 178 ). Though FRI still appears in some later texts, especially those of the archaising type, it had become obsolete in the classical language. Its later form (RI, RE) remains down to the end of the Early Mod. period and is recognized by the grammarians as distinct from LE (LA), see IGT, Introd. § 75 , 24 P 8, 194 ( IGT VI , Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 7 ). In the modern spoken lang. it is replaced partly by LE, partly by CHUN (O.-Ir. dochum). For a contrary development cf. Engl. `with,' originally `against,' which has absorbed the functions of A.S. mid `(together) with.'

In development of meaning generally FRI shows a remarkable parallelism with Engl. ` with '; it also agrees with ` against ' in several senses.

Forms: With suff. pron.

sg. 1 frimm St. Paul Codex Thes. ii 298.17 . rimm, IT i 123.24 . frim, SR 1422 , 2049 . LU 5228 . LL 110b26 . frím Ml. 38c19 . frium, Ml. 71b9 . frimsa, Wb. 26d17 . Ml. 33a18 . friumsa, Ml. 127a2a .

2 frit, Wb. 5a31 . 10a29 ; Ml. 103d14 . SR 1425 . fritt LL 93a10 . 249b1 . friutt, PCr. 62b2 (= ḟrit, Sg. 151a3 ). fritsu Ml. 91d8 . 112b8 . rut, SR 2031 IT i 123.15 . rutt, LL 110b27 .

3 m., n. fris, Wb. 14c37 . 15a1 . 22c15 . ACL iii 304 [: [Mael] mis]. (: eisleis). SR 6109. 6317 . ([mēt] anfis) LL 33b21 . friss, Wb. 2c24 . 3c6 . 6a4 . 8a12 . 14d22 ; Ml. 91a21 . frissom Wb. 5d39 .

f.¤ frie, Sg. 72b1 . Ml. 40c15 . 67d15 . friae, 130c9 . Wb. 28a20 . cf. frise, Ml. 74c21 , which Ascoli corrected to frie ( Thes. i 722b ).

pl. 1 frinn, Wb. 4b12 . 17b10 . 19d22 . rinn, Ml. 54a3 . SR 1821 . rind, SR 1905 (: herḟi[o]nd). friunn, Ml. 38d20 . riund TBC-LL¹ 1874 . frind, LL 177b39 . frinni, Wb. 17b32 . 17c5 ; Ml. 32c15 . 93a13 . 106c12 . raindi, BColm. 68.9 . frinnai Ml. 91c9 . 114a8 .

2 frib, Wb. 17b16 . 22d9 . 24d26 . cf. frithib, Ériu iv 162.13 . fribsi, Wb. 14c42 . 17b14 .

3 friu, Wb. 4a10 . 4c37 . 24a4 ; Ml. 54c23 , 72b22 , 110c9 . LL 35a21 (: fiú) friú, Wb. 17b9 . Ml. 74a2 , diss. friu, Hy. V. 54 , cf. friü: at-chiü, ACL iii 294 § 10 ; frithiu, Blathm. 94 § 17 ; friithu, LU 4671 (see further GOI 515 ). friusom, Wb. 20c25 ; Ml. 17c5 , 54c18 ; 26 .

For forms found in later texts see citations below.

In the Early Mod. Grammatical Tracts the forms given are: riom, rum; riot, rut; ris; ria; rinn, ruinn; ribh, ruibh; riú, r, 24 P 8 194 ( Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 7 ).

With following poss. pron.: frim, frit, fria, friar, fribar, fria, e.g. frim ort. Wb. 29d2 . frim peccad, 28a14 . frim foraithmet, Ml. 23d9 ; ram anmain, TBC-LL¹ 3692 (rem St.). frit adrad su, Ml. 136c11 . frit c[h]ele, 70d2 ; frit laim, SR 5854 . rit láim, TBC-LL¹ 3055 . rat láma, 3052 . rot chlaind, SR 2031 . friar corp, Wb. 15c22 . friar fochric, 33a9 ; fribar n-ícc, Wb. 24b3 . fribar pecthu, 13b19 ; fria mbriathra, Wb. 31b30 . In Mid. Ir. the form `fria' is often used for the simple prep., hence occas. fria a = prep. + 3 s. pron. In Early Mod. Ir. 3 s. and pl. form re-na sometimes appears: rena ardnaem, BCC § 12 (see III c below). fria n-a, Fl. Earls 214.4 . Cf. the n- prefixed to poss. after le, ó, tre in Mod. Irish.

With rel. pron.: O. Ir. fris(s)a n ...; Mid. Ir. also frisi-, risi-, fris-, ris-: frismbiat, Sg. 202b3 . fris-mbruchta, Fél. June 21 . fris n-agar, E. 406 . fris-reith, Prolegomena 302 . fris-tarddam, Thes. ii 293.19 . risa n-abar, Acall. 53 , etc. With cop. frisin-, frisnid, risnad ail, LB 257b9 . ris na duthracht 256a44 . fria ndechraiged (= frisa nd.) Sg. 28a14 may be a mistake. In later MSS. the form re n- becomes common: fria-cosmailend, PH 7674 . re ndubairt, 7464 . ra-n-adh KMMisc. 156. 124 . re n-abar, Acall. 1241 , etc. re rāiter, Ériu viii 139.4 . ré raibhe, Keat. ii 4467 , etc.

Composition.

(a) In vn. and prototonic verbal forms, before a vowel, frith-; before a cons. fre-, e.g. frecre, fretech; with syncope of a follg. vowel, fres-, e.g. frescsiu, fresndid, fresndís, fresngabal. In Glosses fri is often used in compos. with a vb. to represent Lat. ob-. Later frith- is used before cons. with or without lenition of following cons.: see frithgnam, frithsét, etc.

(b) In deuterotonic verbal forms fris-; before an infixed pron. in rel. construction frith- or friss-: fritum-chomart-sa (= frith-dum-) Wb. 33a12 ; but friss-idn-oirctis, Ml. 39a20 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 147 and cf. Strachan's OIPG⁴ ed. Bergin, p. 27 n. 2 ).

SYNOPSIS OF MEANINGS.

N.B.—The classification is perforce somewhat arbitrary as, perhaps in the majority of instances, the meaning could derive from the original sense in I. Cf. J. E. C. Williams Celtica iii 122 ff .

I Of local relations

(a) towards, facing, turned to ;

(b) against (touching; cf. d); alongside, down along, by ;

(c) against (implying violent or hostile action);

(d) next to, at, in contact with (cf. b).

II To express association, along with, beside (both of local and mental relations).

III To express figurative direction

(a) aim, purpose (cf. VI), frequently of function, specific purpose;

(b) after adj. in sense of Lat. gerund or with ad or supine in -u;

(c) to express direction of feelings, behaviour towards (cf. I a);

(d) of prayer, etc. to ;

(e) of opposition to, hostile feeling, attitude towards ;

(f) to express protection, guard, watch against, also limitation, boundary;

(g) in elliptical sentences with these meanings.

IV

(a) after adjs., nouns or verbs expressing resemblance, equality or comparison;

(b) to express difference, distinction from .

V

(a) with respect to, with regard to ;

(b) on account of:

(c) on behalf of ;

(d) according to, in agreement with (cf. II).

VI To denote occasion

(a) with vn. or other abstract after subst. verb or equivalent;

(b) denoting the occasion (event, cause, etc.) on which something takes place.

VII To denote mental subjective attitude, in the opinion of .

VIII

(a) to denote agent;

(b) to denote instrument through, by means of .

IX In expressions of time

(a) in O.-Ir. in locatival sense;

(b) to denote period during which something continues or takes place;

(c) fixing a limit within which something takes place;

(d) of point of time;

(e) used for RIA ` before .'

X In regular or occasional construction with many verbs.

A classified list of the instances in Wb is given by Fraser ZCP viii 37 ff .

I Of local relations

(a) towards, facing, turned to: do rosc frisna nemdaib = looking heavenward SR 1604 . a n-aiged fri Dia facing God LU 2048 ( FA 12 . Cf. III c). a lām chlē fri muir the sea on their left SR 4074 (see lám). do cumlaiset for fairgi ┐ dochorsatar aurlunn fri tir, Corm. Bodl. s.v. prull . bai D. 'sa druim fri fraig D. had his back to the door SR 6053 . is amlaid bai in gilla ┐ a druim fria thigerna, TBC-I¹ 2327 (see druim(m)). Ethne ... fria chossa E. (standing) at his feet (i.e. at the foot of the bed) LU 3300 ( SCC 10 ). Carpre ... 's a hucht ra hág, LL 32b49 (see ucht). a druim re dimsachaib, a des fri deiblenaib, ZCP viii 204 § 26 . an let[h] bis rinne don rē the side of the moon turned towards us ITS xiv 90.19 . fri bun cruche at the foot of the gallows Mon. Tall. § 1 . síl nÁdhuimh ... re sáluibh a senathar at the heels of (i.e. following) Ériu iv 118 § 33 . níor chubaidh tigearna ... d'ḟágbáil re caladh on the beach [i.e. when about to land; perh. fig. cf. beirid i gcaladh brings to safety, see 1 calad] viii 139.23 . dā traig .x. ... a [sic leg.] fot fri dún its length towards the stockade (of the internal slope of an earthen rampart) Laws iv 336.23 . dā dúncladh ... ré dá taebh na clasach along both sides of the fosse CCath. 1747 . ní thurcaibh crand ... cét míle fria taebhaibh within a hundred miles from (lit. towards) its sides Marco P. 11 [cf. the temporal use IX (c)]. See also phrases s.v. agad, ais, enech, gnúis, sáil, taeb, ucht.

This use is regular in Old-Ir. in stating relative position: fri Grecia aniar ... fri Etáil anáir west of Greece ... east of Italy Wb. 6d17 . fri Alpai ndesiu (gl. cisalpina) Sg. 217b8 . frie anall ... frie desiu (gl. ultra ... citra) 71b1 , 2 . fri Ath F.D. desiu, TBC-I¹ 2183 . frie anechtair outside it Ml. 40c15 . fri Pardus amuich outside Paradise SR 111 . ra chuala sa fri hEmain andess I heard it (as I was) to the south of Emain LU 5056 . altoir fri dorus antuaid, SR 4261 [cf. la taeb ind rigthaige aniar, LL 3810 (30a) ]. a mmag fris anair the plain in front of him LL 122a33 . co ndechaid [in gai] triana chend ┐ co ro marb nónbur ris aníar behind him 121a21 . frit aniar, LU 4134 . is e a chorp in taitneamach rit anall the shining one opposite thee RC xxiv 60 . Also fig. : foscichret i crandchor ... fáicebthair Lugaid fris anechtair they will cast lots for it... L. will be left out of the chance RC xiii 444x ( LL 289b8 ). See also s.v. lám (fri l.).

It is doubtful whether: i mbae neach fri hopair immuig BB 362a21 (= Dinds. 20 ) is an instance of this construction; the literal meaning here is was anyone at a work outside ? The Rennes `amuig' is perhaps merely a late spelling.

After verb or vn.: tan turcbad E. a di láim fri Coimdid nime, SR 5085 . suidig do da laim fri ... clasp thy hands (in prayer) to ... 1606 . rosecroth a chend frisin slúag brandished his (severed) head at the host LU 5269 . crothad in chind frisin slóg, 5280 . donnochtat a mbruinni fris bared their bosoms to him 5199 . rochoraig fri tenid he arranged [them] before the fire RC xiii 6.21 . roscóraig gnúis fri gnúis (see gnúis) LU 2046 ( FA 12 ).

Cf. tuídhleach ind óir frisin ngréin the glistening of the gold against the sun BDD 1 . crand airgit ris tatin grían LU 3700 ( SCC 33 ).

(b) against (touching), alongside, down along by: doesetar ┐ a nglūne fri talmain, TBC-I¹ 3164 . éc fri hadart death against a pillow i.e. a natural death Lib. Hymn. i 62.72 (see adart). fri etnu dam ... bátár fedmand la firu Herend = [till then] the loads had been harnessed to the foreheads of the oxen LU 10816 (= Ériu xii 178 ). tennait a n-ette fria curpu press their wings against their sides LU 2281 ( FA 33 ). cf. doimmaircet ind eoin a n-ette friu ┐ a cossa can scibud ette ná cosse co tairic in precept the birds fold their wings, etc. LU 1361 . dosnimthasa i llai a broit fri a bruinde `gathered her to his bosom in the fleece of his cloak' Ériu xii 154y . co tard a druim frisin liic leaned his back against the stone LU 3284 ( SCC 8 ). dossleced fria thoeb he let them (i.e. his arms) fall to his sides SR 5091 = no thimoirced a lama fria thoeb, LB 124b29 (cf. LU 1361 above).

In local sense of attached to or pending from: úathroic ... cona cimais do banór fria having a fringe LU 6421 . beilge óir friu golden bits on them TBFr. § 3 . srian ... fria graig, LU 3649 . Cf. srian do thabairt fria thoil to bridle his passion PH 4990 (see srían). Cf. la I (a).

Here perhaps: i ngialnai fri fraigid in hostage-ship at the wall LU 7015 ; 7295 ( BDD 66 ; 94 ). (of the brazen serpent, Numbers xxi 9 :) turgabar fri crann ... uasin [t]slúag fri sirsellad let it be hung on a pole to be gazed at SR 4163 .

Cf. an carracc ard ar cuiretar ... an Tigerna da teilgen ría sís to cast him down from it Maund. 106 . tuitim sioss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86z .

(c) against (implying violence or hostility; cf. III e): rop saiget húan fri demnai, Hy i 20 . friu conuccaib ind oub, Hy v 54 . conéracht Glaiss Ch. friu the stream C. rose against them (= to bar the way) LU 5362 . Cf. conocbath in carpat fris ... ┐ concligtis ind h[e]ich fris the chariot would tilt up before him and the horses would spring at him Ériu vi 134.21 . bēim a cinn fri cloich, Ml. 139c3 . beim cind fri hall, LL 225b38 (see benaid). esarcain cind fri hallib, 176b33 . aiges (feras) in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.19 (21) . cf. FB 44 , see fri. See also phrases with cúl, druim(m), lám).

(d) next to, at: folt dond fri toind a chind, folt croderg iar n-airmedon, LU 2564 . dond fri toind cind, 6542 . lene de sról ... i custul fri gelcnes ... dó, 6296 . léne ... sita fria gelchnes, 1810 . cona luirigh ... ria cnes ... ┐ lethan sciath fria gualaind, Stair Erc. 1243 . In this use frequent with ais, cnes, taeb.

II To express association, along with, beside (of local or mental relations, cf. V d): ní bí friu hi comasndeis it is not with them in apposition Sg. 212a5 . in tan mbís nihelas do .u. fri .g. when u is silent beside g, 6b11 . nobiad fri femen `it would be [used] with the feminine' 207b2 . ní biat remsuidigthi friu `there are no prepositions with them' 215a5 (cf. biit remsuidigthi ... cen briathra leo ib. 6). See also s.v. comṡuidigud. is tabarthi `bonum est' fri cechtar in da fersa so, Ml. 112d1 . cen tabairt anman trén fríu, 30a9 (see do-beir). ni bai crand dond indsi fri aroile (i.e. the walls were shattered) Anecd. i 2.5 . ar choibnius frisna comaccomla sa, Sg. 203a10 . in oentid fri Crist, Wb. 15a12 . ni ba suair[c] comlepaid no comaentu frissi, TBC-LL¹ 2079 (fris St) In: ni reid bith fris im longud no im ligi, LU 5957 , the meaning may be different; see atá (fri). toeb fri toeb ata in ri is Eocho F. side by side LU 2839 (see taeb). comaitecht re hairdrigh, ZCP viii 116.5 . méraid ra cách a chumne TBC-LL¹ 740 (here perhaps: meraid hua chlaind fri claind Ml. 100b4 ). is frit mo chairde `with Thee is my compact' Fél. Ep. 534 . (see cairde). iar corai fri I. after making a pact with I. SR 5946 . Cf. córe fri Dia, Wb. 2d16 . is core doib fribsi (gl. salutate invicem) 18b19 . bad chore dúib friu, 7b4 ; - 14 (`lit. let it be peace to you towards them' Thes., but the original meaning of córe points to `with' as the sense of the prep. here). Cf. also: biid pax libsi fri cách (gl. cum omnibus hominibus pacem habentes) 5d33 .

Here probably: isi no beired teora pōc fria cach copān ... dō, TBC-I¹ 2218 . Cf. further: hi cocetul fri Eman in unison with Hib. Min. 4.12 . do dlommad E. is A. ... fri gorta, SR 1419 . ara toimlid fri sid sain | toirthi Parduis, 1085 . taed as fri sidh ┐ fri subha `let him go ... in peace and happiness' AFM 979 .

In this sense with verbs of joining, connecting, also occasionally with verbs of motion and in nominal phrases, such as imma llé fri, immaróen fri, see s.v. , óen (cf. Ériu xiv 142 n . ) also cos, taeb.

In: crithnaigset ... immar bocsimin fri sruth the meaning of the prep. is doubtful. curtar a fuigill re sruth ┐ re fairgi `be the remnant cast out to be carried off by the sea-tide' O'Gr. Cat. 182w . Cf. perhaps: Drochet Atha do dhul re sruth `D. was carried away by the flood' ALC i 260.7 , though these may be exx. of the confusion of re (FRI) with le (LA). curcas fri sruth, FB 44 ; `against a stream' Strachan ZCP iii 419 . Cf. Ériu i 194.4 . See 1 téit and la I (d).

Passing into sense in addition to: tris fer friu (gl. te tertium) Sg. 2a5 . cethri chet bliadan ... a noe sechtmogat fri sein, Rawl. 68b31 ( ZCP iii 18 ). Cf. is fri ni dona salmaib dognid a figild, Mon. Tall. § 5 . fris sin moreover, besides , Leb. Gab.(i) i 88.1 . Hugh Roe 114.1 (f. 30b) . Cf. mod. freisin. For a special sense of with see Mon. Tall. cited under V (d).

III To express fig. direction (cf. V a);

(a) aim, purpose, freq. of function, specific purpose: cen nech dim chlaind frim foraithmet to preserve my memory Ml. 23d9 . ce notechtad ilgotha fri inchosc in mrechtraid sin `that it should possess many sounds to express that variety' Sg. 197a11 . ní fris arícht fri slond persine it was not for that it was invented, to signify person ib. (cf. cid arna airecht pronomen ... dia ṡlund, 198b3 ). in bríg frissa ndéntar a saithar sin the value for which that labour is performed Wb. 11a9 . am loor fri cach reit (gl. ego ... dedici, in quibus sum, sufficiens esse) 24b16 . altoir ... | fri loscud n-edpart an altar for burning [ = on which to burn] offerings SR 4162 . dá magh ... do ṡlaidhi ... co rabad do grés fri geilt do ceithrib ┐ fri trebad do daīnib, Ériu xii 150.6 . primepscop ... accu fri huirdned a n-oessa graid, fri coisecrad a n-eclas ┐ fri hanmchairdes do ḟlaithib, etc. Ériu i 218.2 . sechtmoga fer fria cobair to aid them SR 4196 . drong ngilla ... fri timthirecht, 6280 . ra ergitar ... dalemain fri dail, LL 173a27 ( CRR 13 ). mōr salm | fri hindarba plāg-tedmann, BColm. 70.8 . slóged hi crích ... fri indnaide slogid tairse a hosting into a country to delay a hosting (coming) across it Críth G. 511 . fergniae fri forngaire ndoirseo, 591 . In this sense perhaps in: fót fri haltóir, see 1 fót (d). pars de feoil fri foimtin terci as a precaution against scarcity Mon. Tall. § 12 . Here perhaps: dognith Saul intleda ... fri Duaid used to lay snares against D. Ml. 30a3 . techt do Roim ... fri foglaim n-ecnai, Trip.² 241 . roairis re sloind senchasa he remained to relate Ériu iv 152.6 [or remained relating ? See VI (a)]. cid frisi farcbad int id for what end the withe was left LU 4752 (= cid imma ndernad int id, TBC-LL¹ 597 ). cid frisindrolais in cloich why hast thou thrown the stone ? LU 5092 . o tancamair friss `since we have come for it' ( = for that purpose) Fél. 72.24 (cf. inní imo tainic ib. 30 ). co ndernur inní fris tánac LU 4347 . Cf. doluid Saul fri tāirsin David i fus, SR 5959 . lurech imme ... fri cathugud, SR 5757 . treb Leue ... immon eclais fria immarchur, 4883 . docúaidh B. frissan umaloitt sin gusin muilenn `on that service' BNnÉ 26 § 19 . téit féin re toisc ┐ re túrus a crichaib na hEspáine on business CCath. 1806 , cf. do chuaidh gach aon rea dtoisgibh ┐ rea dturasaibh féin, ML 26x (= le tosgaib fein, ML² 347 ). The follg. perhaps are elliptical: the idea represented is anticipating, forestalling: dogniad pars de feoil fre terci do t[h]ecmong = as a provision against the occurrence of scarcity Mon. Tall. § 12 . do na .u. gaiscedaib dec no bitís ... hi tegluch C. fri maidm n-airm no fri gabáil ngasced do neoch LU 5046 . Cf. Fél. Nov. 14 cited VI b.

(b) after adjs. in sense of Lat. gerund with ad or supine in -u: leiscc .i. fri fognam, Wb. 31b23 . conid mesc fria rim so that it is confusing to count it LU 4794 . ba gnim ṅdangen fri himluad, SR 7229 . ingnad fria innisin, LU 2074 ( FA 15 ). adhbal rea n-innisi prodigious to recount ZCP viii 204 § 26 . cenco beth ... and acht C. ba lór fri immarbaig, LL 107a19 ( Ériu iv 28 ). lia iná rúainne ... re n-áireamh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1201 . Cf. atait ... re a ttaispenadh go follus are plainly to be seen Fl. Earls 50.12 . In this use modern Irish has le (LA).

(c) to express direction of feelings; behaviour towards, after nouns or adjs., both of persons and things (cf. I a and V a): conroib deserc leu fri cách, Wb. 26d22 . fáilte fri noíbu, 7b2 (see fáilte). ar formut fribsi, 12c29 (see format and formtech). ropat ḟáilti frimsa, Fél. Dec. 18 (see fáilid). hissel fri hard, sleman fri garb, ZCP iii 447z . anmne fri fochaidi, 449.15 (see ainmne). mailli fri cloc slowness at (answering) the bell ib. 21 . dána fri tōla tromsluaig daring in face of an army SR 5778 . uair ná dernsam huimli fri forngaire, 1854 . ar gart friu for generosity to them ZCP viii 313.12 . créd nach frim atā a maithe ? why is not their bounty bestowed on me ? ACL iii 296 § 38 . ní ar maith friu it is not for their good Wb. 4b37 . ar ulc friu, Ml. 72b22 . tar aesi n-uilc huai[m] se friusom, 74a2 (see also s.v. maith, olc). bad chert do cluchi frim play fair with me LU 5228 . ar ngabáil bāide ... dō rena ardnaem having conceived affection for his high saint BCC § 12 . lére duit frí ríg ngréne ┐ réde fri doíni, Ériu i 193 . is buide linn frib (gl. rogamus vos) Wb. 25a39 (see 2 buide). is maith robai Dia rind, SR 1905 . ní maith ro mbátar frim they have not treated me well LU 4891 . Cf. is maith ro ngabus fritt, TBFr. § 11 . bad faitig frisin foirin sin (gl. observate eos) Wb. 24a23 (see faitech). bid cennuis a gnuis risin lucht ra-nadh (= frisndid) rathmar to whom he is gracious KMMisc. 156.124 . in maith frit menma ind airdríg whether the king is well-disposed to thee SR 6114 . ba fearr di frib menma bar mathar, RC xxiv 56 ( YBL 206a47 ). Cf. is beite duit menma fris `thou must take heed of him' Ériu xii 176.16 . Similarly in expressions like: do-gní maith (trócaire, etc.) fri (see do-gní). nech no comaildfed fir fer frimb uime RC xiii 29.6 .

(d) of prayer, etc. to: irnigde fri Dia, Wb. 4d18 . cf. abstanait fri Dia, PH 4988 . ro throiscset ... fri Dia im a ḟurtacht, 7258 (see troiscid). im aīne fri Dia cora faillsigthi dō ... fasting towards God, that ... might be revealed to him Ériu v 120.12 . Similarly: frit, a rí ..., mo dēr | conom thī ... Mīchēl, SR 2091 . co ndēraib frisin coimdid, PH 6292 . (cf. use with ad-teich). cossoít a thuaithe fri Dia, Wb. 5a23 (see cosaít). Here, perhaps, should come such expressions as the following: ar Christ frit, aithirigh pēin dam, Cáin Ad. 13 . ar do chubus riut, a ingen, crét tuc ort ?, Acall. 6012 . ar bar cubus rib..., crét..., 5476 . ar fir do chubais riut..., 5824 . cf. 4544 . ar t'ḟírinne riutsa, nā furáil, CCath. 1659 .

(e) of hostile feeling, attitude, conduct towards: fri aicned contrary to nature Wb. 2c25 . ba fri aicned ... in talam ... do indluch, Ml. 129d8 . frisin n-uall (gl. adversum inflationem mentis) 68c1 . trifar pecthu fri Dia through your sins against God 115b8 . Common after verbs of opposing, hindering, fighting: hóre nád comeicnigther nech fri toil no one is constrained against [his] will Wb. 28b1 . tuidecht fri toil Dé resistance to God's will 4c23 (see do-tét). cf. o dorala ... | frim thala mac I. | duit ... | niba céle SR 6014 , where opposition seems implied despite the similar phrase cited below under V (d). soud a gnuso fri nech frisa mbi ferc do (gl. ne auertas [faciem tuam] a me Ml. 47d8 (`to turn his countenance from one against whom he cherishes anger' Thes., but surely `fri nech' here must also mean either against ... or towards ... ? See soïd). fergach fris Fíadu, SR 6837 . iar ndebaid do fri Duid, 6994 . na cathaig frim do not contend with me 2877 . ni sirsan do Ch. a n-imned i tá a óenur fri firu Herend not happy for C is the trouble in which he is, alone against the men of E. LU 5995 . Cf. do thoitim fria Cu | ba dirsan sad that thou shouldst fall by [ = fighting against] C. (?) TBC-I¹ 2715 (see also III g). Mairg fris ticfa a ḟerg ... Mairg ticfa re cert, Fen. 200 (see do-icc). ar bruc fris `in displeasure at him' Mon. Tall. § 58 . namthi garga fri sluagh nA., ACL iii 297 § 55 . atat frim hi cotarsnai, SR 1520 . Cf. ni bia th'anim fri fugall | ind ríg hí laithiú brótho, Ériu i 196 § 13a . With adj.: cotarsne fri Dia, Wb. 26a18 . is torcda ┐ is díchéill notaí frim, LU 10831 (= Ériu xii 172 ). is bairnech mo menma frit, LU 10832 (= ib.). is tromda atai rim, RC vi 183.13 . olc roba rim, Ériu v 208.8 (see III c). Here perhaps: tromde ... ro buí frisim ind chaillech oc atach Dé, Mon. Tall. § 7 (= do bhí sí roliosda ar Dh., Rule of Tallaght § 41 ). But cf. VII below.

(f) To express protection, guard, defence, watch against: gabthe dūnad les fris, Ml. 55c1 . inna cathrach conrotacht la Duaid fri Ebustu, 48d27 . múr trén ... fri dóini, fri demnai, Fél. Ep. 152 . tocuiriur etrum ... inna huli nert so fri cech nert n-amnas in ..., Hy vii 49 . cor gabad Sinann friu the Shannon was held (defended) against them RC xviii 10.28 . gébtaít ar tír frind, LU 4634 (see gaibid). iadad Caisil frim eochu the closing of C. to my horses Anecd. iii 63.4 . cóir duit arechus ri siút, TBC-LL¹ 1280 (aire do tabairt fri ... St; see 1 aire). Dia lem fri cech snīomh, Ériu iv 236 . Crist credal fri demnaib, ACL iii 221.12 . dín ... re holcaib, ZCP viii 202.18 . Of limitation, boundary: nā bí crích la nech fri peccad that no one sets a limit to sin Ériu i 218.9 . Cf. samaiges crích fri aidchi, Hy ii 55 , corresp. to contra noctem terminum pones, Ardm. 8a1 . See also s.v. inillius.

(g) In elliptical sentt.: leic ... in fognam, ol se; ni lamaim, ol sī, frisin rigain = I dare not disobey the Queen RC xxiv 192 (but perh. FRI here = because of; see V b ). ro an ... ina aenar ru remained alone to oppose them ZCP vi 56.31 . rofetursa a n-as maith dúib fris I know a good way for you to deal with him LU 5934 . tarmairt mo Dia dil frisin tuaid ... a cor fo leittreib lethglenn = my dear God had well nigh (in His resentment) against them cast them down ... SR 4718 . Cf. lām fri idal to renounce idolatry SR 4845 (see lám).

IV

(a) after adjs. and nouns denoting resemblance or equality (esp. those compounded with com-) and vbs. of resembling or comparing: cosmil fri cethir (gl. animalis) Wb. 8b14 . cutrummus fri Dia, 17c8 . i cutrummus fribsi 17b14 . ɔodernain hi cutrummus frim cheliu `to do like my fellows' PCr. 2a2 . (pariter) fri, Sg. 77a2 . i tomus fri nech Wb. 17b11 . intamail ... fri nech, Ml. 22c1 . cen a chondelg fri nech, Sg. 42a6 . cosmaili tuisil `sui' fri tuisliu `ego' ┐ `tu', 200a12 . (similiter) fri, 203a5 . cf. (eandem significationem habens) .i. fri `cum', 218a1 . diatā oenḟolaid ... frissin Athair, PH 177 . ba cudruma re core mōr é, RC xviii 183 . ni caithedh acht coibeis fri gach manach he used to eat only as much as any other monk BNnÉ 300 § 3 . nir chumma nech ris im chath, Metr. Dinds. iv 344 . ru boí i comré ri Cormac, LL 3796 (30a) . i comhrē ris coeval with him Moling 4 . rogheanair i n-aenuair fria was born at the same time as she BB 406bz (= Dinds. 111 ). Cf. IX (b).

Replacing O. Ir. construction with equative: comdhub fri hec, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 (prull) = duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . Bodl. comard fri fid, Ériu iv 138.26 . meidithir fria hasal as big as an ass Marco P. 10 . corbo chomfota frisin sroin LU 6472 .

See also verbs and adjs. of comparison, e.g. 1 do-ella, samlaithir, in-samlathar; cosmail, 2 cutrummae, etc.

(b) to express difference, distinction from : frissaní immeraidtis (gl. longe aliud) Ml. 61c12 . sain fri .c. `different to c' Sg. 6b7 . do dechor fri praenomna aili, 28a13 . huare nád deligedar fri praenomen , 28a15 . do dechrugud persine fri alaili, 202a4 . is allail pronomen aní sin fri `sui' (gl. `is' aliud pronomen...) 209b10 . (differentia) fri, 213b15 , gl. contra 214b4 . Cf. nipo choím less frinn He was not dear to Him compared to us (?) Wb. 4b12 [Fraser l.c. suggests this rendering, ZCP viii 41 n . `in our case (?),' Thes.].

See s.v. 1 dechor, dechraigidir, deiligidir and other words of similar meaning.

V

(a) with respect to, with regard to (cf. III c) : is sain fri cath sain fri scor different for battle, different for unyoking (of trumpet-call) Wb. 12c46 . idain fri cach réit faithful as to 31c13 . cen chinaid n-uaim fri nech, Ml. 54d16 (see cin). nach é Dia is ciontach riú is to blame for them TSh. 10499 . as eola fri aidgne ind Athar, Wb. 19d9 . it maithi a arilti frib `He deserves well of you' (`literally good are his merits as to you' Thes.) Wb. 16c11 . airle Dé fri Herind, LL 49b13 ( Hail Brigit § 2 ). .iiii. seóit a dire ... is fechem is fiadnaisi friu `four seds are his `dire'-fine ... he is a suitor and witness for them' (i.e. he is liable to that extent) Laws iv 308.2 ( Críth G. 138 ). is amlaid in t-athair frisin mac ngor; ... nimtha in t-athair frisin mac n-ingor thus the father acts with regard to the dutiful son; ... not so with regard to the undutiful one Laws iii 56. 22 ; z 0 . ba fria as-breth: cruth cách co hÉtaín 'of her was it said, 'every woman is fair till compared with Étaín'' BDD 43-44 , Celtica xv 57 . 'fer hi lorcc so,' ol in fer deginuch fri Nero 'a man is following us,' said the last man with regard to Nera RC x 216.48 . conidh ed isberdís cách fris, Cóir Anm. ii § 150 .

Cf. further: crādiis Ultu fri Cethirnd guin Fécc the slaying of F. imbittered the U. against C., ZCP viii 305.32 . ferdha a cathuibh iat, ar is friu ronnaltadh oc imairecc fria geinnti, Marco P. 189 . ro alt ... ind ingen co digrais fri légend ┐ gaís, LL 279a47 ( SG 413 ). Possibly the last two exx. belong rather to III (a), also : is me is cintach fris ni he is cintach frim, BB 479b14 (see cintach). See also : a lleth fri, s.v. leth.

(b) on account of (cf. VI b) : ro lega in snechta ... fri meit brotha in miled, LU 5858 . ba lond F. friside (-suidi), RC xxvi 12 § ix . saeth mār fri luga dige great distress from [?] lack of drink Fianaig. 12 § 20 . cid mís no bheinn gun ríg thess | ro-fess ná bíad mo scís fris, ACL iii 304.20 . ní ḟaicim-si ... ni rís budh choir t'obadh for which it were right to refuse thee Ériu iii 154.5 . atchess ... na haīble tened ... uasachind re fiuchud na ferge, LU 6466 . ba mertnech Moisi fri hilchaingni ... fri orddugugd cāich fo mām, SR 4542 . batar toirsech fri Moisi, 3886 (in these two exx. fri = oc of prose LB 122a etc.). féimdid sim imt[h]echt fri scíss he cannot go on from weariness BColm. 94.16 . ni ro chotail C. fri himṡním, LB 274a55 . ni faict[h]e ise fri feidm a léiginn she used not be seen because of her duty of study ACL iii 308 VI 13 . Cf. la III a.

(c) on behalf of: aitchitt an C. ris comad he noberad, etc. they beseech the Lord for him that it might be he BColm. 98.15 . dogníther airnaigthi frisin ríg co nambed fot saegail do, MacCongl. 59.23 . ica cantain fria Cianoig chanting (a prayer) for C. ZCP vii 308.7 . Cf. also : ata mo briathar ┐ mo comairghi fria ar Tuatha D., Ériu xii 152.9 . o doratsat briathair fris, CCath. 1236 . in tī bes rí is fris beimmi, ZCP viii 316.3 . See do-beir, gell, and ráith.

(d) according to ; in agreement with, with pers. somet. = in obedience to: ni ni nach breith nā bi fri canoin cumtastar [sic leg.] no judgement is valid that is not framed according to the canon Corm. Y 1224 . cf. manib fri fasach fuirmider, Ériu xii 199.23 . fri mes airechta adrimter, Laws iv 298.25 ( Críth G. 22 ). fri saltair nogebad ... a salmu by the psalter (i.e. with the psalter before him), Mon. Tall. § 39 , cf. ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill dia gabail ind tsailm de memur indas cid fri saltair ib.). fosernd clothri Connacht ... fri senchus ... fri buaid ┐ breatha in conformity with (the claims of) pedigree, with prowess and legal decision ZCP viii 108.10 = Ériu v 234 . bid som iarum fria toil (= they will be able to do as they like) Mon. Tall. § 35 (= go mbid ... aca ara ttoil fein, Rule of Tallaght § 35 ). fri tala ind rig ... domrala I am about the king's business SR 6187 (Rex praecepit mihi 1 Reg. xxi 2 ). cia ro delb fria thuil a ndath who coloured them to please himself (?) SR 7675 . For FRI TOIL in a different sense, see III (e). Cf. nitattorbi fri toil Dé (gl. non omnia expediunt 1 Corinth. x 22 ) `against God's will' Thes., Wb. 11b 17a . Also : ind tí dogní ní do maith fria menmain fadesin ... ar ind bo neoch gabti he who does a good thing in accordance with his own inclination ... should openly proclaim it Mon. Tall. § 21 (= chuirios ní maith ... do dheunamh uaidhe fein, Rule of Tallaght 71 ).

VI

(a) with vn. or other abstract after subst. vb. or equivalent = to be at, engaged in or about to engage in (some occupation, process ; cf. III a) : in tinscanfam .i. in biam fris (gl. incipimus ... commendare ?) Wb. 15a1 . ní uisse do mug Dae buith fri debuid to be at strife 30b26 . cf. ní bethe fria acre, 9c20 . ni piam fri aithirgi, 30b17 . ni biat som fria togais adi (= non fallacia ad quoscumque loquuntur) Ml. 31a17 . cechtar nathar fria saindān `each ... at his special art' Thes. ii 293.14 . feib donrala fri comrad, SR 1214 . indí ... bíte fri tnúith `those that are given to lust' Mon. Tall. § 11 . nebbuith fri éthech not to be lying Ériu ii 64 § 6 . céin bete fri soíthar while they shall be at work Fél. Ep. 298 . in tan natbi fri frestal na n-anmand when he is not attending to LB 110b43 (cf. SR 1199 ). ní mo chean ... tarrla re freastal ... na fairrgi sin, CF 42 . amail do beith se re goibhnecht ríam as if he had always been at smith's work BCC § 92 . na saoithe do bhí re seanchus, Keat. i 74 . cuirim suas don ghrádh, | ní fiú é bheith ris, Dánta Gr. xiv 3 . Cf. boí a ben fri idna in travail LU 105.86 (see 1 idu). Similarly without subst. vb. : nachitochthad fria choscc `let him not wear thee out in admonishing him' Wb. 31d11 . conus tarttsat fria ttoghairm chuca an lucht they set about calling the people Hugh Roe § 8 . Cf. airfitech re tetaib, ACL iii 223.23 (= Keat. ii 5358 ). dias fri cerdacht, SR 190 (perh. III a). dá mbeinn re héagnach `had I purposed to revile' Content. v 7 (cf. le hóradh bhriat[h]ar da mbeinn, Ó Héodhusa 4 ). In class. lang. `re' is used with vn. to express futurity : an chathair atá ré teacht ( = civitatem futuram) TSh. 2751 . i n-oirchill na n-olc bhíos ré tuirling orra, 532 .

(b) denoting the occasion (event, cause, etc.) on or from which something takes place (some of the exx. could be explained as extensions of other uses (cf. V b ; IX a) ; often the construction is elliptical) : gaibed cach a greimm ... | fria brethir in primsacairt, SR 4400 . ba huisse soillse fri éitsecht na noeb at the death Hy ii 60 . Cf. co mbidis i nd-aenmaigin fria n-ég, Corm. Y 1233 (fri héc LB. ria n-ec LL 179b ). fri gein Críst ... tindscan lechsa léri, Fél. Nov. 14 (cf. III a). ro eirgis fri breithir Isu, PH 2780 . ret[h]it daim ... ri dorddan na damgaire, Ériu vii 2 § 1 . phreab as G. risan gair, Ériu i 18.33 . ac cantain cheóil ... fris coteltais Síl Adaim, LL 3305 ( Ériu xiv 156 ).

VII To denote mental subjective attitude, in the opinion of (cf. similar use of Lat. apud, and see la) : ni cumdabairt fri Cirine is tre metur Jerome does not doubt Hib. Min. 6.187 . nad maith fri C. ciasperthar ..., 7.235 . frithir frisin mac i n-ebras riss, Ériu vii 225 ( LL 209a16 ). ba bind fri cach na canaind, LU 1301 (`sweet to all was what I said' Imr. Brain ii 298 . But this may be ex. of : canaid fri). bid inmain fria cách a ainm loved of all PH 4299 . ba hingnad mor frisin popul sin, 2959 . ba mo a grad fri Gargán oldait a uli cethra G. loved him more than all his cattle 7178 . Cf. Mon. Tall. § 7 cited under III (e) where the meaning seems different. gurbh annsa ré hEóin Críost ioná ré Peadar Christ was dearer to John than to Peter TSh. 10327 .

VIII

(a) to denote agent (a late use, mostly in texts in artificial style). ar na bennughadh fri sanctuss Silvester consecrated by Fl. Earls 196.19 . laech ... frisimbia mo thiglecht (= who will cause my death) Metr. Dinds. iv 360 (but perh. this is ellipt. and belongs to III (e) ; cf. TBC2 cited there). romarbtha na maithe ... frisna crechairib LB 154a63 . in lucht frisa tucad in digal .i. Uespiam ┐ Titus ib. 16 . Constantiana ... .i. eclas rocúmdaiged fri Constantin 157b48 . Of parenthood : trī meic Medba fri Fergus, Corp. Gen. 279.33 . sē meic do Mīlidh fri Scota ┐ dā mac frisin nEspānaig 'Míl had six sons of Scota, and two sons of the Spanish woman', ITS xliv 64 § 424 . do chomthusmed clainni fri hA. to have children by A., Alex. 512 .

(b) to denote instrument, through, by means of, by dint of (cf. similar uses of Engl. `with') : sénais Brigit fria bachaill with her crozier Hy v 58 T = lia F. fria noebainm ... séntae cech slóg subach by [or at ?] his holy name every happy host was sained Fél. Prol. 99 . ícaid [Tipra C.] gallrae ... fri troscud aici, BColm. 52.15 . argain fri daigid (destroying by fire LL 107a21 ( Ériu iv 28 ), cf. multi nobiles ceciderunt ... fri daigidh ro horta uile, AU 900 (see RIA Dict. s.v. daig). go nach deachaidh neach re siúbhal ... as no one escaped by flight ML 88.31 . re dán nglas ... dán breaghdha do bhréagnachadh with a simple poem to refute an elaborate one Content. vii 13 . ro ēirigh fri nert seoin ┐ solaid, Moling § 4 (possibly = with here cf. dol ar fairrge ... ré cóir na gaoithe = with a favourable wind ML 36z = le ML² 466 . cuir me ... chum seoil ... re cóir ghloin, Measgra D. 48.16 ).

IX In expressions of time :—

(a) in O. Ir. in locatival sense in phrase : fri dē by day, in the day-time Ml. 121d8 . Wb. 6a30 . fri dei, 9a5 , 24d14 , 26b17 . Cf. in gabail fri dei ... in gabail cech ráithi a catch (of fish) daily (?) Trip. 250.14 (2950) . fri díe, Mon. Tall. § 55 . fri haidchi by night Trip. 208.25 (2452) . gl. contra noctem Lat. Lives 18 . re lá, Ériu iii 148 § 3 . arna imbreth ... i n-aidchi cía nosgonad fri dé, LU 5609 .

(b) usually to denote period during which something continues or takes place : 'na fuair frisna secht ṁbliadnaib SR 3394 . fri a n-aimsir in their time Laws iv 210.28 . niro chotail C. frisin ré sin, LU 6337 . fria ré hi fut a saegail for their lifetime SR 5932 . bai cocad mor etarro fri re ciana RC xxiv 186 . batar ... fri re secht la amlaid sin, ACL iii 225.1 . conosrala for sechrán fri re bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 . bá-sa i Tul T. fri ré inna dílenn, Ériu iv 144y . maith graig dorat damh rem lá in my day ACL iii 304.23 . D. ba talchar fria ré in his day Metr. Dinds. ii 40 . dorumaltsa ... m'aimsir fri hamsir Nemid, LU 1276 . nir siubhuil in conuir-so re bliadhain aenridiri for a year past ZCP vi 104 z.

(c) fixing a limit within which something takes place : ni ba marb-sa fri sin I shall not die before that ZCP i 105.4 (co sin v.l.). Cf. also the locative use in Marco P. 11 cited I (a). tanic ... uidi na .xii. mís fri .xii. laa made the twelve months' journey in twelve days LB 139a31 . icuis fri teorai nomaidhe within thrice nine days RC xii 66x . nos ithend ... friha brathad sula in the twinkling of an eye LU 1895 ( RC x 56 ; fri b. v.l.) do imredar ... re trí lá, ┐ ní ruc G. énchluichi rissin, Acall. 1348 .

(d) of point of time ; in some cases approaching VI (b) above. fri dead n-aissi, SR 2829 . in tan nadbi fri húair i fos | frithalmi when he is not here at the hour of attending ... 1199 (cf. LB 110b43 cited under VI (a) above). cech dūil ... rosdelb fri oenuair, SR 7864 (similarly 7234 , 7386 ). grend Muman ... grend Connacht ... ra hóen-úair at the same time Ériu i 130.36 ( LL 46b ). buaidh ... damh fri deiredh mo ṡaoghail, ACL iii 231.1 . ra dered flatha Domnaill, LL 185a48 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ) = Rawl. 154a52 . Rí dorat na deich plāga | forthu fri huair combāga, SR 3942 . ? cid fri geld bāis nobeth `though he were at the point of death.' Mon. Tall. § 48 (see gell). re húair nfaicsiona at the time of looking RC xxix 128.13 . fri huair tacrai do ghníma, Ériu ii 228.7 .

(e) in follg. exx. perhaps used for ria before: na buidne ... robatar fria Crist...rofhogain don Choimdid fria tuidecht soscela (= turbae quae praecedebant ... ante evangelium) PH 4573 . dorad som a cuibidil fria mbass made his confession before death RC xviii 53.19 . Cf. co ro muid fri maccu Israel, LB 122b47 = re, YBL 293b40 (corresp. to mebaid remib SR 4765 ).

(f) In later lang., 3 s. ris occurs as adv. bare, exposed, uncovered : mar do leig ris a n-aoinfheacht 'how it left [her] uncovered at once' Duan. F. ii 332 § 9 , Éigse ix 228 . do theilg Ercuill a bhrat de ┐ ro leig a lorg ┐ in croicenn leomainn ro buí re cnes ris, ITS xxxviii 997 (Stair Ercuil) . chonarcadar a ccroicinn go coirtighthi buídhe ris, Smaointe B. Chr. 150 . ó bhí mo chroiceann-sa nochtuighthe síos reis, 160 . cia d’innis doit-se a bheith nochtuighthe síos reis (leis, v.l.), 161 . See also la VI (d), léicid.

X In regular or occasional construction with many verbs (and nouns of cognate meaning with them), e.g., those of speaking, addressing, boasting, complaining, asking, thanking ; meeting, touching, striking, rubbing, grinding ; listening ; waiting, expecting ; entrusting ; co-operating, associating, helping ; visiting ; resembling, comparing, differing ; parting, severing (from) ; doing (something to), acting (towards), giving, distributing, apportioning ; requiting, paying, selling ; refusing, rejecting, denying ; hindering, restricting, opposing, combating, etc. See especially : ad-cosnai, ad-gair, ad-teich, ad-tluichethar (attlugud), aigid, 1 anaid, ar-báigi, as-beir, benaid, beirid, 1 caithid, canaid, 1 cingid, comalnaithir, 1 con-clich, con-delca, con-gní, con-ricc, con-sní, con-túaisi, crenaid, dálaid, dlomaid, do-beir, do-gní, do-icc, do-rogaib, do-slí (tuillem buide fri), do-sluindi (diúltad), do-tét, dúnaid, 2 erbaid, fáiltigid(ir), feraid, fo-gella (2 fuiglid), fo-rig, fris-oirg, fris-tairissethar, fris-taít, gaibid (fris-gaib), gellaid, íadaid, 1 íccaid, imm-beir, imm-fogni, imm-fresna, in-samlathar, in-túaisi (éistid), labraithir (labraid), laigid, 1 ligid, lingid, 1 luigid, meilid (con-meil), naiscid, ráidid (ol, ar), rannaid, renaid, saethraigidir, scaraid (and compds.), soïd (do-soí), 1 téit, tongaid.

fúathróc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fúathróc or dil.ie/24723

 

Forms: fuathbróc, fuathroic, fuathroga

n ā, f. also fuathbróc (cf. bróc), the usual form in LL ( fúathróc, LL 237b28 ).

(a) a girdle or apron worn round the waist and loins by warriors, of leather or silk or other material, often richly ornamented: cen erriud ... acht fuathbróc dondlethair degṡúata cu airbaccaib a dā ochsal, LL 266b45 ( MU² 644 ). ni raibhi d'erradh uime acht fuathrog ... srollaidhi ima ichtur ┐ leine ... imma ghelchnes, Stair Erc. 171 . fuathrog ḟairsing urleathair um deanacht a c[h]uirp, CF 199 . rogabastár a úathroic srebnaide sroill cona cimais do banór ... fri moethichtur a medóin, LU 6420 (= úathbróic, TBC-LL¹ 2565 ). cona chathchris ... dara fúathróic ... sechtair, LU 6424 . cliabinar ré chnes co ngebethar do co barrúachtar a dondfúathroci donddergi mileta do srol ríg, 6558 (= dondfúathbróci TBC-LL¹ 2735 ). bernḟuathbróc srethach srollaide ... congeib ar tiug a bánṡliasat co cumtuch a chuirp, LL 189a51 . fúathrog bhuilidh bhreacṡróil, BS 104y . do gab a errad comraic uime ... .i. inar ... ┐ an mbanḟuatroic mbrecṡolus do or ... re imtus a medoin, Ériu iii 170 § 28 . Of metal: ra gabastar a ḟuathbróic n-imdangin ... n-iarnaide do iurn ... ar uamun in gae bulga, TBC-LL¹ 3729 .

Worn by a cook or a monk at work, an apron: gabais ...lín-ḟuathróic tīs imme, MacCongl. 63.3 . rogab ... a fhuathroig imme, Fél. 92y = fuathroic, BNnÉ 300 § 3 . pl. dorindsedar fuathroga doib dona duilleannaib, Lec. Facs. 265va23 = perizomata Gen. iii 7 .

(b) the loins (? thighs): patma (.i. na sliasta .i. in fhuathroic), Gild. Lor. 94 .

inar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inar or dil.ie/28219

 

n o, m. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 178 )

(a) a tunic: ionar, IGT Decl. p. 55.10 . i.¤ gl. tunica, Ir. Gl. 29. crosar .i. ionar `tunica,' Dúil Laithne 31 ( Goid. 75 ). cóirtus hinair imlibair gl. tonicam, Goid. 65.6 . i.¤ srólda, IT i 80.21 . dath fo leth a eduigh cach lae .i. foru brut no foru inur, Laws ii 148.6 Comm. re hurgrain ... a n-i.¤ n-óir-eagair ar na forḟilled dar formnaib na firlaech, MR 180.14 . rolaiset crandchur for a étaigib .i. forsin tonaig (.i. inar), PH 3317. cona hi.¤ bōshaille imme, MacCongl. 89.8 .

Evidently, sometimes at least, a short tunic: i.¤ co foph a thona im sodain, LU 8520. i.¤ sicilic (=cilic) óa imlinn súas (i.e. a hair-shirt), Aisl. Tond. 113 - 17 .

Of a woman's garment: na trí coícait ban co n-inaraib corcraib, TBFr. 259. tar ar shín Éire a hionar, DDána 113 § 17.

Used of a garment worn by monks: na inair ┐ na capai robatar impu, AU ii 166.1 . cochall tana iss lapar lín, i.¤ nār mín fa cnes nūa, ZCP vii 303 § 4.

Worn somet. next the skin : clíabinar ... ré chnes, LU 6557. do c[h]uir-sean a thsaltair iter é ┐ a i.¤ , CCellaig 358. acc iomuaim a nionar nuiréttrom ... fri a ccnesaib, AFM vi 1918.10 .

Sometimes worn with, and apparently over, a léine or tonach: ro gab tonaigh ... i custal a gelchnis dó. Ro gab tairsi sin i.¤ ... orcimsac[h] do srol rígda, CCath. 4671. docuir sé léine ... ┐ i.¤ ingnathach orsnaith ┐ gúdna ... sgarloide air amuigh anechtair, ZCP vi 25.14 . maith do léine agus h'ionar, TD 38 § 12.

Of a garment worn in battle, and either of leather or iron: rogabastársom immi a i.¤ bláith bíannaide, LU 6386. i.¤ ... do croicnib ferb tairsib sin `a vest ... of the hides of cows,' CCath. 4674. i.¤ do chrocnib leogan, Stair Erc. 242 . gabhait oga n-ēittughadh d'ionaraibh examhlaibh íarnaidhe, Hugh Roe 166.1 .

(b) the membrane or coat of the eye: as ball ionstrumenteach an tsuil ... ar na hullmhughad o tri leannuibh ┐ o ṡeacht nionaruibh (ex ... septem tunicis perfectum), 23 K 42, 293.13 . aseadh as obthalmia ann neascoid an ionuir re ndearar coniunctiva, ib. 16 .

(c) the peel or coat of an onion: na hionuir imiollacha (viz. of the sea-onion), ib. 340.20 .

Compd. ¤bratt (a dvandva compd. ? See Meyer, Wortk. 1 ) tunic and cloak: cen étach, cen inarbratt, Ériu iv 94 § 8.

léine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léine or dil.ie/29805

 

Forms: léne

n and t, f. léne, IGT Decl. § 4 (47.z) . a s. -léini (: ṡéimi), PRIA 1953, 88 § 2 . léni nde[n]dguirm, LU 9680.

(a) linen cloth : o bias [in lín] ina snath urlumh no [i]na leinidh `linen', Laws ii 418.27 Comm . anart léined imbi, LU 5412 (cf. lín-anart). corba dluithither re cleith lenad arna landluthud in lini sleg, TTebe 2823 (leined, v.l.). cubat do léinid lín / im chorpán, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 15 .

(b) name of a garment worn next the skin by both sexes, freq. made of linen, somet. of silk, descending somet. to the knee, somet. to the ankle, tunic, smock : l.¤ gl. camisia, Ir. Gl. 38 . líín a líno. L.¤ a línea , Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 27 . lendān . . . quasi lend-fūan .i. brat ┐ lēine uimpe, Corm. Y 830. nomeilinn léini mbithnuí `smock', PRIA 1953, 88 § 2 . bass etir chorthair a léined ┐ a glún, Triads 222 . at-chíu a léne lígdae línidi, BDD² 1030 . léne leburchulpatach . . . dei sítiu, 8 . lene cona dagculpait bes fiu dá screball, O'D. 948 ( H 3.17, 663 ). lēne gel culputach co glūn, TBC-I¹ 3172. lēne co nechlaim i custul cota ṅglūn, 3160 . lénti co ndercintliud co horcnib sís, LU 4493 (TBC). tuargabsat a lénte co mellaib a lárac (of women), 8257 ( FB 20 ). lene cona clar argait immi o a glun co ḟodbrunn, IT ii 177.93 . a di láim tri derca ṡedluch a llenith immach, i 119.24 ( TE 4 ). léne de ṡról ríg . . . i custul fri gelchness co glúnib dó, TBC-LL¹ 2454 . lénti sémi . . . sítaidi co tendmedón traiged dóib, 183 . secht ngoine dēac for sedlach a lēniod, Ériu ii 15.20 . do brutt nō da léinid nō do inur, i 220 § 14 . léinte rogharbha . . . re creataigh gac manaigh, Études Celt. i 86.17 . léinteacha sróil ar shiol nGaeidhil, / is Goill na n-aonbhróin iarainn, AFM ii 772 n.e . fear na l.¤ leasaighthe, Aithd. D. 3.23 . go l.¤ ghiorr nár gheall buinn `shirt', TD 44.10 . gussin gcēidlēinidh dorōine sī . . . dia haonMac, Fl. Earls 198.3 . an l.¤ aifrinn the alb, Parrth. Anma 4278. Cf. `quibusdam nationibus sua cuique propria uestis est, ut . . . Gallis lenae', Isidore, Etym. xix 23.

lúth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúth or dil.ie/31131
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lútha, lúith, lúdh, luud, lúd, lúthu, láth

n g s. lútha, lúith. l.¤, lúdh m., IGT Decl. § 38 . Verbs § 83 . Also luud, lúd. ?a p. lúthu, LU 8675 ( FB 51 ). See láth. Orig. vn. of luïd, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 571.

I As vn. act of moving : femidset lúd as nach leth, Metr. Dinds. ii 26.17 . lúd lúadrinna (sign of a good carpenter), Triads 118 . nír cuimciset luth a cos nó a lámh, CCath. 2100. ni bither fri lúd nadma na ratha uime, O'Curry 375 ( H 3.18, 208 ). dia coemsaitis a lama do luth if they were able to move their hands, CCath. 5692 . ro gab ac lúd reime (of lion) `began to sport', Grail 2086 . ic lúd fri araile, 2253 . ? Cf. ni codhnach araile luth anapta eipiltain an con, O'Curry 2525 ( Eg.88 f. 43 (44)b ). Of sentiment longing: do bhí a chroidhe ag l.¤ re na dhearbhrathair, Gen. xliii 30 . for (ar) l.¤ on the move : amal bis rothmol for luth, SR 199 . sailghe fada . . . ar luth fúithe, ALC ii 264.4 . a theanga . . . ar luth, MR 180.17 . a scor . . . ar l.¤ (leg. lúdh: úr) `at their speed', O'Gr. Cat. 474.19. eich ar l.¤, sról re sleghaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 100.191 . ar l.¤ ┐ ar luadhaill, TSh. 1677.

II

(a) power of movement, motion : is lúud leu teistiu fuile gl. veloces pedes eorum ad effundendum sanguinem, Wb. 2b1 . léim . . . .i. lūud sēim hē, Corm. Y 835 . bir co lúdh an automatic spit, Petrie's Tara 213.9 . lāth quasi luth [.i. iarsinní lúthas] `motion', Corm. Bodl. 10 . lūth ēoit futhachta glossed luthad do tre eút īar ndēnum fuiche de (one of four carnal sins), Anecd. v 25.3 . See fuiche. ilar n-én foleímdis tre lud eter na platantaib ordaib, BB 493b21 ( IT, ii2 99.1 `lustig', Alex. 597 ). re l.¤ éin, Duan. F. ii 368 § 22 . Of use of limbs: ma ro facad ní da luth isin cois `power', Laws iii 350.21 Comm . nim thá lúd hi cois no i llaim, LU 1256 ( Imr. Brain ii 288.3 ). lám argait co lánl.¤ cacha láma in cach meór (of silver hand of Nuadu), LL 1075 = BB 32b39 . laim airgid foair co luth cecai láma, RC xii 58 § 11 . mo chorp gan l.¤ , Keat. Poems 954 . l.¤ luaimneach a mhéar, 250 . tré iomad luith do bheith 'n-a chorp, Keat. ii 5216 . do thréig tu do l.¤ ┐ do neart, Oss. iv 2.3 . an mhuinghin . . . iona lúith (of King Cormac), Párl. na mB. 53 . Cf. perh. is mōr cosgar ruc le lūgh (: dūn), ZCP viii 229.11 .

Note also: ni duine iar fír he, acht diabul fo lúd duine in the guise of(?), LB 131b3 .

In various related senses: luth luas, Metr. Gl. Ff. 21 (v.l.). co rothóed in bó-sin / dá lóeg ar in l.¤ sin `because of her haste', Metr. Dinds. iv 70.18 . velocitatem .i. luth ōir bud lūaithi co mór . . . nā gaoth (of bodies of the glorious), RC xxviii 320 § 47 . ar imarcaid lúidh `excess of fleetness', MR 318.7 . Cf. fuluth .i. lūth foi, .i. utmall, Corm. Y 663. Feat: luth buadha glorious feat, Misc. Hag. Hib. 118.21 . in tsliasat tseng nó in glún geal / nachar mell lúgh d'a lingfeadh `never failed him in any athletic feat he might attempt', Ériu iv 218.12 . gasda a lúdh a dtrealam trom / leabar mong a súl rom ṡill, IGT Verbs ex. 739.

(b) In wider sense of vigour, power, energy : l.¤ Labrada, LU 3532 ( SCC 28 ) `the vehemence of L.', SGS vii 59 . l.¤ co ṅáni `power', Fél. Oct. 8 . la l.¤ aingel ngel / dobérthar nem dó power, LU 9861 . luth la fáebra, 8616 ( FB 46 ). l.¤ fiansa, TBC-LL¹ 5740 = luud fianna, TBC-I¹ 3423 (in rhetoric). in carpat . . . go ll.¤ go llúais, TBC-LL¹ 3374 . lassaid ar l.¤ lanésci, LU 7399 = BDD² 1027 . lingged ar failti . . . / David fria l.¤ (of D. dancing before the Ark of the Covenant), SR 6683. da cumuil dí dhóit ar luth ┐ nirt, Laws iv 362.1 Comm . fri l.¤ láech-Níall, Metr. Dinds. iv 222.8 . luth seirce sóerligi, LU 8328 ( FB 24 ). in Liath . . . co l.¤ ceithre crú, Comp. CC 102.2 . lúdh Fódla do-chíam na choinne, IGT Decl. ex. 1211. nirbo luth re letredh doib-suim ┐ nirbo turrac gan tubha, CCath. 5796 (prov. expressions describing weak opposition in battle). lúdh foda nach fuil n-a urd, Magauran 1278 `energy sustained but not methodical', Notes. o doficed a l.¤ lathair battle-fury, LU 6415 ( TBC-I¹ 1900 ). l.¤ lathair, TBC-LL¹ 1709 , 2559 . luth legha `a physician's strength' (name of letter ng in Briatharogham of Morann m. Máin), Auraic. 5561 . ní heasbaidh lúith ná láthair, Keat. Poems 1085. E. . . . co l.¤ leómain `with a lion's spirit', Metr. Dinds. iv 118.135 . l.¤ ┐ lámach dexterity and marksmanship: in mac rígh ba ferr l.¤ ┐ lámach, Acall. 223 . gan mac ríogh ná taoisigh ag fogluim lúith ná lámhaigh, Keat. iii 2771 . ní tacha lúid ná lámhaigh, O'Gr. Cat. 504.21 . ag dénaim lúidh ┐ lámuigh, 508.6 . See 2 lámach. Sustenance: lúth cethrae 'sustenance of cattle' Ériu xxxix 136 . lúth bech 'sustenance of bees' ibid . lúth lega 'sustenance of a leech' ibid .

g s. as attrib.: a gclesa lúith (leg. lúidh: búidh) athletics, O'Gr. Cat. 472.20 . almai énlaithe lúith speedy, LU 8662 ( FB 49 ). ra daṅgnigit drochti lúith di lúthechaib mobile, LL 239b1 ( TTr. 1675 ). raforbad ám in saethar sin co railaied for al-lind luith, LL 219a10 ( TTr. 144 ) (dock?). s dá dhá gealghlaic leabhra lúith nimble, Dánta Gr. 30.19 . baccain lūith, Celt. Rev. x 346.4 . cor luith, ZCP x 295.28 . a mhaighre lúidh learg Line active salmon (of prince), L. Cl. A. B. 121.43 . féitheach lúth (MS. lúith) a chuirp nimble muscles, Ériu v 180.300 . léim lúid (lúda) vigorous bound : ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1256 . táinic soin dá léim lúdha / béim súla ┐ goin ghrádha, ex. 989 . rugais ocht léimeanna lúidh (addr. to Christ, of Incarnation etc.), Dán Dé xxix 18 . tucc mo chroidhe gan léim lúith, ACL iii 305 § 6 . eite lúith: eite lúidh na lachan the plumage by which it can fly, IGT Verbs ex. 102 . Transferred: eite lúidh fheirge t'oidhir `thy Son's swift-speeding anger', Aithd. D. 67.27 . linn lúith life-blood: a linn lúidh gur fhear t'oidhir (of Christ on the cross), 19 (`lake of life'). mo dhínchrios taobha-sa, mo lionn lúdha-sa (of prince), DDána 70.11 . lionn lúith na locht, TSh. 2318.

In chevilles: l.¤ ro fes, LL 259a22 . luth n-alta, SR 3031. diluth glan with clear vigour, 5913 .

(c) joy, rejoicing : rongab l.¤ 'ma lan-aicsin, Metr. Dinds. iv 24.14 . subuchus ┐ l.¤ , TTr.² 527 . fáth lúidh is fáth faitcheasa / dhúinn an tráth fa ttiocfasa, IGT Decl. ex. 1058 . rogab luth lanmór iarla Aimbri ar faiccsin a maic `great joy', ZCP vi 76.22 . a lúdh innte dá huaisleacht `the bright joy in her is part of her noble nature', O'Hara 3514 . ro gabh l.¤ ┐ forbfailtechus iad, BNnÉ 110 § 44 . In phrase is l.¤ la x x is eager (to), pleased (with): ni solum (.i. luth) leis dul i cert he is not eager to resort to law, O'Curry 431 ( H 3.18, p. 234 ). rob l.¤ leo-san sin, ZCP xiii 197.5 . tochd ar cuan mar nar l.¤ linn `a thing we liked not', Magauran 2850 . Cf. ba luthmenma (? leg. l.¤ menma) lasin imperi na scēla-sin, ZCP vi 274.10 . O'Conbuidi as lúd lind `who is dear to us', Hy Fiach. 260.16 . lút[h] la cridhi (cheville), Snedg. u. Mac R 10 § 23.

Appar. in sense of 1 lúithech in: cengailter luth da laime deise `fasten your right hand', Ériu viii 56.32 .

Compds. Usually alliterating. ¤chles. In pl.: lúth-clesa leinim `dexterous feats of a child', MR 294.9 . ¤ettech: a lán lúitheitigh, L. Cl. A. B. 98.136 . ¤ḟoimtiu: tri trenbeimenna . . . do luthḟoimittin a lama defensive vigour(?) `sinews'(?), MR 300.25 . ¤gáir, -e, see separate entry. ¤géc: a labhartha sa lúithghéaga, Ó Bruad. iii 2.10 . ¤glacc: ar lagad . . . a lam ┐ a luthghlac umpu, LL 409b4 . ¤graig: lán do lúithghreadhaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 94.2 . ¤léim: clesamnaig fri clesaib ┐ lúth-léimendaib, Alex. 469 . ¤lige: ? conlee M. . . . / l. la C. `will be a rigorous bed-fellow', Imr. Brain i 24 § 51 = l.¤ lige `effective intercourse', Murphy Lyrics 39.19 cf. luth seirce, LU 8328 above. ¤rochtain: lúthrochtain dúine Dé, Aithd. D. 76. 20 . Note also: ech luath lutlugmar, LL 189a18 . See , 1 luud.

maeth, moeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maeth, moeth or dil.ie/31263
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: moíth, moithiu, maeth, muíthṡlatta

adj o, ā. O.Ir. moíth. Soft, tender, yielding (of substance or texture, also in fig. sense): gl. tener, Ml. 87b11 , lēvem, 87b13b . compar. moithiu, gl. molliorem, Sg. 16a3 . maeth, gl. tener, Ir. Gl. 394. maoth .i. mō is mēth, Corm. Y 926. [m]aeth .i. bocc no tlaith no binn, O'Dav. 1205. In physical sense: inna ingnea mmoitha, gl. tenerae ungulae, Ml. 87b11 . glabrio .i. moit ł nephulach, Études Celt. xi 115 (Paris Latin 10290 15 b 15) . do chriss duillech mæth, TBC-LL¹ 4072. folt mæth, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . in cháer comraig nār lanmaeth (of a projectile), ZCP v 504 y . meas maeth soft ripe fruit, viii 202.14 . tarb mæth ` sleek ', Metr. Dinds. iv 338. Of sound: muiti .i. mifothai no maitha soft , Auraic. 467. Cf. O'Dav. 1205 above. Of persons, tender, delicate , often denoting immaturity or youth: minores .i. inn aes moith ┐ anfoirbthe, Ml. 45b17 . is ro-mǽth maccaem a ṡamla sain, TBC-LL¹ 2084. a maccáin maeith!, LL 34a6 . go bhfuilid na leinimh maoth, Gen. xxxiii 13. druim fri mna mætha mine, ZCP vi 264 § 9. In fig. sense: is moíth a forcital (i.e. suited for unripe or weak understandings), Wb. 19c1 . inna forcital moitha, gl. rudimenta, Ml. 47d12 . bá-sa maéth fri maíthi compliant, yielding (?), LU 9334 , cf. Tec. Corm. § 30.9 . superl. gurab é an croidhe colnaidhe is maotha ┐ is sochma, TSh. 10506. In depreciatory sense, physical and moral, flaccid, weak, nerveless: in Fraech . . . nachar moeth arm a n-imgoin `his weapon was not feeble in the fray', Metr. Dinds. iii 356. maeth mo chreasa-sa feeble my loins, BS 94.22 . ar ngleó . . . nir maeth, Cog. 64.3 . don Chriosdaidhe óg bhíos maoth beig-nertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.

As subst. of that which is soft: puls .i. soib ł ithi ł moet, Études Celt. xi 114 (Paris Latin 10290 15 b 8) . mæth bo-shaille `tender corned-beef', MacCongl. 61.28 . rasiacht Medb mæth n-araig bar Fer ndiad im chomlond, TBC-LL¹ 3163 , cf. 3166 , 3236 , 3239 ; `den sanften (Zwang) einer Bindung', Wind.; a friendly compact? perh. a technical term. Cartilage (?) or some other soft part of the body: cor bean māeth na cluaisi de co roibi in chluas lomm cen māethān fuirri, Corp. Gen. 190 n. g-g (Lec.). coro slecht uile fiadhu co raem[d]etar tul a n-etan ┐ maetha hi srona 'they all prostrated themselves before him, so that the tops of their foreheads and the gristle of their noses ... broke', RDinds. § 85 (p. 35) .

Freq. in compds.

(a) with subst.: maothainder a tender woman, BS 48.14 . ben mæthainech soft-featured , TBC-I¹ 2789. ¤celt a soft mantle ; as npr. m.: mac Móethcelt, LL 352d36 = Meucelt, BB 223a21 ; see Wortk. § 16. ¤ceo: tréig do mhaoithchiaig `quit thy dejected melancholy', O'Gr. Cat. 457.9. ¤cleth: condlig a chomarba . . . miach moethchleithe la muic find, LL 199b45 ( young osiers ? or some kind of esculent plant ?). ¤cride: maothchroidhe na maighdine soft heart, tenderness , PBocht 77 § 38. lá ar ndaorthaine . . . ní ham maothchroidhe (= repentance ), Ir. Monthly 1930, 515.21 . ¤cuilén a young whelp ; of a boy: imbert moithchulióin, LU 5701 = moithchuiliun, TBC-I¹ 1227. ¤glith ` soft ore (?)', O'Dav. 800. ¤greth: trés na maige moithgretho ` gentle-voiced ', Imr. Brain § 8 (maethgnatha v.l.). ¤íchtar: fri moethichtur a medoin (i.e. soft part of the abdomen), TBC-LL¹ 2566. dar mæthichtar a mæthimlenn, TBC-I¹ 2336. ¤imliu navel or abdomen , see preceding. ¤lám: (as adj.) duthracht fir maíthláim meirb soft-handed , LL 146b12 ( PRIA iii 540 § 6 ). ¤maccaem: TBC-LL¹ 1249. comrama máethmacaím, LU 10277. ¤óclach a youth: moíthócclach, Trip. 52.27 . móethóclach, BDD 99. SCC 23. mǽthóclǽch, TBC-I¹ 1464. dias mæthóclách, TBC-LL¹ 5368. oclach ┐ moethoclach ┐ senoir man, youth and greybeard (of the three Magi), PH 7113. ¤óclachas youths (coll.), BLism. 110ra9 . ¤ruided: co mbai a maethruidead tria hagaid delicate flush, YBL 164a10 . ¤slat a tender twig or sapling: pl. muíthṡlatta , LL 34b2 . maethṡlat a stripling , MR 294.13 . ¤slucad bech ` soft swallowing of bees ' (a trespass committed by hens), Laws iv 116.10 Comm. ¤ sról(l): inar maithsroill, Acall. 5374 , 7415 . hi B. na meirgedh maothsróil, BNnÉ 284.10 . ¤tráth: co m. eirgi the genial morn, TFerbe 392 .

(b) with adj. forming dwanda-compds., or with adj. derived from subst. ¤álaind: meic míni maethalli, LL 225a5 ( TTr. 568 ). do bláthaib maoth-áille, TSh. 4207. ¤bog-gel: Bebinn an chneis maothbuiggil, ZCP xiii 19.4 . ¤buide: folt maethbuidhi, BB 427a46 . ¤cnesach soft-skinned , Auraic. 3090. ¤cóir soft and straight , of arms, BDD 2. ¤corcra: laoch maothc. fresh-complexioned (?), ZCP x 279.12 . ¤gel: batar moethgelu a dha gúaluinn, IT i 120.2 . BDD 1. ¤gorm: do mhioll mhaothghurm (of a bruise or swelling), AFM v 1678.13 . ¤ingnech : maíthingnech 'soft-nailed (one who is not accustomed to manual labour)' Ériu lviii 8 § 1 . ¤mas(s): tlacht mín m., Anecd. i 68 § 162. ¤slemon: muc mín maethṡlemun mara sleek and slippery , LL 235b12 ( TTr. 1373 ).

2 rennach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 rennach or dil.ie/35120

 

adj o,ā. (3 rind) containing stars, starry : neamh reannach no reltanach, O'Cl. s.v. rind. ? srol reandach, gorm is geal (of a banner), MR 228.15 ; `streaked satin' as if = rengach ( starred, spotted ?).

sadall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sadall or dil.ie/35871

 

Forms: saidle

n o, but n p. saidle (ON loan-word, Bidrag 74 , 115 ) a horse-saddle, caparison : sadhall .i. díallat; go srianaibh, go saidlibh, O'Cl. s.¤ mǣthla | for a muin, MacCongl. 79.27 . capall . . . cona sadull blongi . . . fair, 89.21 . deich srén, deich saidle, Leb. Cert. 208.9 (items in a stipend). fichi each co sadallaibh, 266.16 . óenach . . . | co saidlib, co srian-echaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 14.160 . slóg saidbir . . . | co saidlib, co sról-brattaib, 270.12 . ? tucsait a seoit . . . ┐ a shadlaici alli allmarda, Cog. 78.18 . ruc . . . ar n-eocha ┐ ar sriana ┐ ar sadli, Hib. Min. 65.14 . re denam . . . clar s.¤ de `saddle trees', Laws i 134.30 Comm . coica s.¤ corcra co snathib argit estib i cenġul do chrettaib na carpat `Schabracken', TFerbe 18 .

1 sain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sain or dil.ie/36008
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj i

(a) different, distinct, separate (from other things): s.¤ .i. égsamhail no neimhionann, O'Cl. saini gl. aliae, Sg. 6a16 . liter sh.¤ , 6b6 . alaill sh.¤ gl. aliud aliquid, 24 . hi personaib sainib, 28b2 . s.¤ gl. alia, 39b5 . gl. aliud, Ml. 3a12 . s.¤ póc ┐ pócnat, Sg. 46a3 . is s.¤ indí asidrubairt ┐ indí frisanérbrath gl. diversarum personarum, 220a10 . is s.¤ int soilse ┐ it saini inna rinn gl. aliud est quam ipsa sunt, Ml. 145d3 . s.¤ dán cáich `different (is) every one's gift', Wb. 5d7 . níp s.¤ a n-asberthar ho giun et a mbess hi cridiu, 5d14 . cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman . . . is s.¤ cach nae .i. is s.¤ fri cath s.¤ fri scor, 12c46 . is s.¤ aní asberar indi et dogníther, 14c21 , cf. 28c1 , PH 7007 . nách s.¤ sollamain la hEgeptacdu ┐ la heclais in descirt, PH 6922 . nī s.¤ in fīrendacht ┐ Christus, ZCP v 498.6 . slicht s.¤ so (.i. sís) another (a different) version, LU 5211 = TBC-I¹ 733 . sliocht s.¤ sen-leabhair memraim, Geneal. Tracts i 50.12 . gen innile soine do cur an-aon cumusc ria ceile, Laws i 304.5 Comm . ropsat s.¤ ┐ ropsat suaichnid ó cách, MR 214.16 . ropsat saine sloinnti . . . cach deg-slua[i]g, 214.10 . cid at saine laithi i ttangator, Leb. Gab.(i) 118.28 . With FRI different from: is s.¤ dofhoirṅde són frisin roithnigud `what this signifies is different from radiance', Sg. 36a3 . ni s.¤ mo gnim frisaní no radim non aliter esse audeo quam dico, Ml. 47b13 . im chomalliud . . . forcetuil ba s.¤ fria fhor[c]etul fen, PH 6522 . is s.¤ a mbreithamnacht saidhi frisna frithib olcena, Laws v 322.y Comm . ba s.¤ frisin dorala do [d]reachtaib da sloghaibh i tirib ele isin doman fared differently, CCath. 2598 . As adv.: is s.¤ donadbantar sensibus ┐ amal bís it appears to the senses otherwise than it really is, Thes. ii 4.32 .

(b) peculiar, special (of a characteristic which distinguishes one thing from others): is s.¤ ordo dogní cechtar nái, Wb. 10b11 . s.¤ persan sluindes an aiinm ┐ in briathar, Sg. 189a9 . s.¤ gnīm fristēit cach narm úad, TBC-I¹ 70 = is [s]aingním, TBC-LL¹ 276 . is s.¤ dath ┐ écosc cacha húaire tadbat fair it has a different colour . . . each time, BDD² 998 (cf. Anecd. ii 6.3 ). is s.¤ cerd cech uí, LL 147a4 ( PRIA xix 546 § 3 ). ba s.¤ rindaigecht gach sceith dib, Ériu v 72.5 . is s.¤ coir cech oenduine | s.¤ aicned cech uilc every man has his own particular failing, every evil its own nature, LB 261b59 = is s.¤ cōir cech oendīne, s.¤ aicned cach luicc, ZCP xiii 28.3 . forcetul s.¤ don eclais ┐ do lucht in tsoegail one doctrine for the church and another for the laity, PH 1671 . ba s.¤ belra do Petar ┐ dona hIúdaidib, 3190 . secht mbliadna fichet s.¤ sluind | ro pa rí(g) Fland . . . `distinctly tell' (?), Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 27 . in cach lá ra seachtmain s.¤ `for a week set apart', Metr. Dinds. iii 16.191 . co saidbri s.¤ , ib. 199 .

(c) is s.¤ dom (limm) it is (I consider it) something special for me (i.e. something exceptional, an opportunity, privilege. Cf. sainemail and other derivv.). is [s]ain (s.¤ , LU) limsa ōn, ol in lōech. Bid s.¤ duidsea innosa isinn āth ucud, ar C. it will be a fine thing for you (ironically), TBC-I¹ 647 . bidh sain ní (sain-ní?) dōibsom . . . dianragabsa dībrugud isin (asin, LU) tailm, 1054 . ni sáin . . . laiss a tabairt, TBC-LL¹ 2067 (reference to Cú C. who has refused to give Redg a spear demanded by him). But in literal sense: is [s]ain lium ┐ na cuir dligtecha romainn `I consider them different from the lawful contracts mentioned above', Laws i 52.24 Comm .

As subst. with gen.: in dá ech . . . comaille acht nammá co sain delba ┐ datha, LU 9254 (leg. saine?). ? soin fearaind tuccadh ann, O'D. 2400 ( Rawl. B 506, 50b ).

Compds.

(a) with nouns (the more usual construction in attrib. use) different; peculiar, special (of that which is special to the individual), excellent (for this meaning cf. sainemail and other derivv.). ¤accuis: s. do duaid sech cách gl. sibi aliam causam esse quam gentibus, Ml. 36c11 . ¤amor (< Lat. amor): ba sainamor do cech oen atchid he was the special love of everyone who saw him RC xiii 221.6 , 226 (Scél Baili Binnbérlaig) . ¤bás: foircniter hua s. sech cách `by a special death', Ml. 73d7 . ¤buaid: ni clos i nErinn co se | do sainbuadhaibh aenoidhche so many fine triumphs (i.e. great events) taking place in one night, Anecd. ii 5.19 . ¤chais: ba saincais seom di Ailinn A.'s special love, RC xiii 221 = sainserc, MS. Mat. 472 . ¤chenélae: sainchenelae srogill, Wb. 17d3 . ¤chenélchae: ar shainchenélchi gl. specialis, Sg. 28b12 . ¤cherd: bíth a menmasam fri seilgg | mu menma céin im saincheirdd `my special craft', Thes. ii 293.15 . fo láim suad saincherda `some cunning craftsman', RC iii 177.19 . ¤chland: Gaill . . . ainm do sainc[h]landaib nō do saerc[h]landaib Franc particular tribes, Corm. Y 683 (55.z) . re tecmaisin sainclaindi (sic leg.?) re saine n-athar, Laws iii 400.2 . ¤choém: sainchóim ind ríg `the special favourites of the king', Wb. 28d5 . tricha fer di saincháemaib A., TBFr. 253 . ¤chomarde: a s. sin, Wb. 26b31 . ¤chor: tri nata[t] túalaing sainchuir `incapable of special contracts ', Triads 151 . ¤chrod private property: seisedh a saincruidh, Laws ii 386.3 Comm . ¤chron see separate article. ¤dán: cechtar nathar fria saindan his special art, SP ii § 1 ( Thes. ii 293 ). ba s. disi dál pouring out (the liquor) was her special function, LU 10894 . ¤delgna `secret spot', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.23 . ¤díles, ¤dílse see separate articles. ¤doíre: in doich bid saindóire dúnni et barnaip?, Wb. 10d1 . ¤écosc: s. noe `a peculiar species of ship', Sg. 69a24 . is hecen sainecoscc leosom for a ccrannaib innaní prechite pacem, Wb. 5a5 . ¤én eagle see senén. ¤eire: conaccasom in clerech oc buain a shaineri cutting his own special load, Ériu v 236.73 . ¤ḟer: sainfer muntaire, Ml. 61c2 . Gobban s. sluagda, Gorm. Nov. 5 . fa slōghaib sain[ḟ]ear srianbalcc, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 18 § 1 = sainser, ZCP x 42.17 . ¤ḟeth: ecosc no sainfeth individual aspect, O'Dav. 1417 . ¤ḟolad: sain folad cacha rainne `different meaning', Sg. 26b9 . ¤gaeth: sainghāeth fri dairbhribh Doire. ZCP x 339 § 14 . ¤gemm, Gorm. Sept. 19 . ¤gnúis see separate article. ¤intliucht: ní techta sain intṡliucht and feissin `it has no special sense in itself', Sg. 50a2 (non ab aliqua speciali significatione). ¤ithe: lassin tigerna ragas do shainól nó sh. . . . ar belaib a dámi `special eating', RC xxvi 42 § 223 (i.e. who has special drink and food for himself apart from his company?). ¤lind: brócoit .i. s. dognither do braich special drink, Corm. 7 brócoit. fri hól sainlenda, ib. bóge. ¤maicne: tri senoraig . . . do shainmaicne in lochta ro crochsat Crist of the very descendants of those who . . ., LB 159b24 . ? ¤mesaib (d pl.): a saillméth do s., ZCP vi 271.21 (perquisite of a monk or cenobite). ¤miscais: mac dia tabuir aithir sainmiscuis, Laws iii 62.12 (cf. miscais glé, 3 ). cen ingreim, cen sainmiscuis private enmity, ACL iii 320 § 90 . ¤muinter: ocht fichti fer mór do ṡainmuntir Ailella ┐ Medba retinue, bodyguard, household, TBC-LL¹ 4944 . cethri firu déc dia s. fessin, TBC-I¹ 1675 . sainmhuintir Uí Domhnaill, AFM v 1480.2 , cf. vi 1924.8 . co cóicc lanamhnaibh décc día sainmhuintír imaille friú of their own people, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.28 . ¤muinterus: is aroli sainmúinnterus bói dó fri tigerna na n-ech a special friendship, PH 4441 . ¤ól: tuccad cori cét . . . do loimm . . . dia shainōl don rīg `as a special drink', MacCongl. 107.18 . See under ¤ithe. co ng(h)abhsat occ s. for ar oile `to drink to each other', Hugh Roe 190.13 (51a ). ¤rann: co roselb i sain-rainn son | in slíab `as his special portion', Metr. Dinds. ii 54.15 . ¤ṡerc(ach) see separate articles. ¤ṡlabrae: at-chíusa . . . sainslabra sainigthi remib a special herd, BDD² 462 . ¤ṡuidiugud: ni sainsuidiugad it is not an arrangement different from the usual one, Laws iii 176.16 Comm . ¤techtad: airchinnech . . . cen s. feb `private possession of goods', Ériu iii 106 § 45 . ¤teglach: atúsa sund mo s. díb tríchtaib cét with my retinue, TBC-I¹ 178 . is é a s. sin na trí .lll. maccaem, BDD² 1142 . ¤tintúd, Ml. 60c2 . saintintud, 87b2 . ¤toirthige: ar saintoirthigi `for special fruitfulness', Ml. 83d9 . ¤treb: co riacht in sliab . . . ar ba s. di her own abode, LL 216b12 . saintreabh .i. treabh no teach áiridhe, O'Cl. ¤trebad: combi túalaing saintrebtha separate husbandry, Críth G. 78 .

(b) with adjj. generally in adverbial sense specially , with intensive force (but also peculiar to the individual): ¤airlech: abbair fris, níp sotal . . . s. Ar it ferr airli oldās airle self-opiniated (?), ZCP xi 86 § 42 (`er soll nicht nur mit sich selber Rat halten', Thurn.). ¤amrae: do . . . cumtaigib sainamraib, LU 8064 ( FB 3 ). co ndérgodaib sainamraib, 9049 (79) . ¤brecc: sról santbrecc (sic), TBC-LL¹ 3097 . ¤bres: fri sluag s. particularly brave, IT iii 40 § 36 = Bruchst. i § 3 . ¤dian: na sluag s., Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 46 . ¤díles see separate article. ¤dleith? co tart do Ádam iar sreith | fria danad cach sil sáindleith, SR 1922 (leg. saindil, Wortk. 129 ). ¤fhoichlech: sainfoichlech (sic leg.?) gl. concuriosus, Ml. 90b2 .

(c) with vb.: ¤mescaid: ní nomsainmescca ó mac Dé | dirairmescca mac Dé dia whatever sunders me from the Son of God, ZCP vii 269 § 13 .

scarlóit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scarlóit or dil.ie/36330

 

Forms: scaraít, scoraít, sgárrlóid, -e, scaraid

n later scaraít, scoraít. (Lat. scarlatum, perh. through Eng. or Fr.) scarlet (the cloth). See GJ xix 108 , RC xii 467 . sgárrlóid, m. and f., g s. id. and -e, IGT Decl. § 113 . scaraid gl. gausape, Ir. Gl. 864 . sroll ┐ scarloit do mac righ erind, Laws ii 146.16 Comm . do folchad na buird . . . do sgóraidib scíamglana, Fianaig. 56.4 . téighid sginge | do sgarlóid chorcra . . . | th'ucht, DDána 114.24 . ga seadh dhuit bróg na bánbróig | bruit sgárlóid fód ar fínṡráid, IGT Decl. ex. 1870 . ocht slata ┐ da fichet do sgarláid, AFM iv 1026.8 = AU iii 208.24 . guna sgharloide, ZCP vi 51.31 . guna do sgarloid dirg deghdatha, Stair Erc. 2089 . gabtur . . . sgarloid no edach derg ele, Rosa Angl. 314.18 . gabhas L. sgaraoide sgiamhglana ┐ bratacha lánleathna, ITS xxiv 74.3 . gan bhuird gan scoraidi = sine mensa, sine linteaminibus, ITS xix 40.3 . ceann meascáin is gile 'ná scóraid, Hackett xxvi 171 . Perh. of the colour in: a ssicir srol sita sainemail suaichnid, iter scarloit is uani `both scarlet and green', Cog. 78.22 . ionar corcra . . . | matal sgarlóid, Studies 1925, 64 § 22 . Cf. brat . . . sgárlóide, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1627 .

scís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scís or dil.ie/36505

 

Forms: scís, scísa, scíse, scís, sgís, sgís

n o and u, m. and ā, f. (scíth) g s. scís, scísa, scíse. scís ( sgís grís caol aráon, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 14 (69.5) . sgís (= sgíos) m., § 38 (87.18) .

I

(a) fatigue, tiredness : ní ticed s.¤ mo chnamai, Ml. 41d9 . gairsiu condristais a sciss before they became tired (?), IT i 158.4 . ? mess for crannaib | craob do scis | scis do áss | saith do mac, ZCP xii 406.14 . ná bíad mo s.¤ fris that I would not grow tired of him, ACL iii 304 § 2 . ar do dhearc bhós ná bíoth sgís, SGS iv 142 § 23 . buidhean laoch ar nar loigh sgís, Aithd. D. 27.11 . dá mholadh ná sguir le sgís, A. Ó Dálaigh v 5 . spontaneae lassitudines . . . .i. na sgísi toileamhla, 23 K 42, 13.19 . do mhēt na scīssi, Fl. Earls 12.16 .

(b) freq. with prepp.: molfaider cen s.¤ , LU 2761 . caland fa scīs, ACL iii 237 § 26 . ag so . . . | i sgís god mhaithmhighe mogh `overcome by Thy indulgence', Aithd. D. 51.3 . is íar s.¤ fom-ruirmius `after fatigue I have laid me down', Fél. Ep. 38 . is iad na codalta dethbiri .i. codlad cedtorrach ┐ codlad iar sgis . . . the sleep of exhaustion, O'Curry 1037 ( H 3.18, 434b ). ? ar is diairle iar n-a s.¤ mo s.¤ , LL 119a27 .

(c) with qual. gen.: iar s.¤ astair ┐ imthechta, AFM vi 1900.8 . nit-recfider . . . ar scis do biata on account of the trouble of feeding you, Anecd. i 7.18 . sgís an chatha, IGT Decl. ex. 696 . in aquil so rothuit ar scis eteagaili when exhausted by flying, TTebe 1241 . íar scis imgona, LU 1611 . la s.¤ ind imrama, TTr.² 864 . fer teite di rot ar scis imtechta exhausted by travelling, Laws iii 448.25 Comm . D. . . . arna raibe s.¤ cos . . . na s.¤ maigi na taighi riam, Acall. 6584 . iar s.¤ óenaig ┐ cluchi, LU 9177 ( FB 91 ). g s. as attrib.: fodeōidh dom-rūachtais a-rīs | iar cūartaib sgīs after wearisome journeys, ZCP vi 266 § 6 .

(d) cuirid a s.¤ de rests, refreshes oneself: do chor a scísi ┐ do chumsanad, Trip.² 376 . go ro chuir scis ┐ athtoirse a sloighidh imchein de, AFM iv 1096.5 . ag cur a sgíse dhíobh, Atlantis iv 202.13 . With léicid: co roliget a scis dib, Aen. 1952 . mar do leig sgís `when he had refreshed himself', PBocht 10.42 . do léiccen a sccísi, AFM vi 1922.13 . Cf. nō co ndechaid a sgīs ┐ a merten dībh, ML² 453 .

(e) in chevilles (cf. III infra): scél cen s.¤ , Thes. ii 293.18 . imsói dia thig iar s.¤ nglé, Metr. Dinds. iii 158.9 . dia do sgís, L. Cl. A. B. 84.62 . lór do sgís, Studies 1924, 85 § 2 . budh tuar sgís, TD 25.43 .

II In transferred meaning rest, repose, cessation : sgís na siobhal ag slógh Breagh, | sról i n-ionadh a n-éideadh, L. Cl. A. B. 170.135 . uain sgíosa ní lamhthair liom `I dare not rest awhile', Aithd. D. 51.13 . don chaoi nar chian sgís `unceasing tears', PBocht 24.11 . do rónsat began scísa(d) ┐ comnaidhe annsin, ALC ii 414.1 . laoch na scor nár scuir chum scíse of the bands that never laid aside the harness of war to seek repose, Hackett xxxix 109 . Of a hospitable chief: sgís na n-aoidheadh, L. Cl. A. B. 147.39 .

III Of mental rather than physical fatigue, sorrow, grief, distaste , etc.: miscais . . . mō a scīs neich oc a dēicsin, Corm. Y 940 . firfid cath Cūile Cóiláin sciss hi tōeb Cithamra will pour down sorrow (?), ZCP xiii 382.3 = scith, iii 466.5 . rabert a osnad scísi bar aird gave a loud sigh of grief, TBC-LL¹ 2935 . nir-ba din ar scis do `it was no protection for him against disaster', TTebe 3292 . iarsin tiocfaid arís | na Cuirc ar mbeith treall fa sgis, Irish Texts iv 96 § 12 . maircc ar ccuirfem ar sgís displeasure (?), 87 § 3 . ní dúin nach damhna sgíse, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 48 . ní hadhbhar sgís an sgaradh, IGT Decl. ex. 1028 . sgíos mun ndeachmhaidh ná déanam let us not grudge the tithe, Dán Dé xxv 7 . do mhear a sgís re seal sinn grief for them has bemused us, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 370.11 .

sinsnáth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sinsnáth or dil.ie/37630

 

n (sind < Lat. sindon+snáth, Meyer, Fianaig. Gloss . ) the name of some fabric: do folchad na buird do srōl ┐ do sída ┐ do ṡicir ┐ do sindsnáth `sendal', Fianaig. 56.3 . da braici breaca . . . do sinsnath uretrom uainegda, CCath. 4662 (`chain-thread'). na fannbreiti fata fannscailti do siric ┐ do sinsnath, 4930 . im a n-ór ┐ sról ┐ síta ┐ sinnath ┐ sirecc ┐ tlachta cacha datha, Alex. 1092 . etir sról ┐ síoda, ┐ siric, ┐ s.¤ , Cog. p. 79 n. 5 .

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