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? ad-osnai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ad-osnai or dil.ie/530

v srotha nofeas adosnai / i ngrian na haoi nī hosgar .i. imad an fesa ordeirc, ZCP v 488 § 9 (B. na f.).

agad, aiged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. agad, aiged or dil.ie/678
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aiged, aigeth, agad, aghadh, aiged, aigead, aideadh, aghaidh, aighidh, agid, aigid, agaid, aghaidh, acchaidh, adhaigh, adhaid, aghaigh, agad, aiged, aigthi, aichthi, aighthe, aighid, aigthi, aichthib, aigthib, agthib, aghadh, aighedh

n f. aiged, Thes. ii 254.4 (Stowe Miss.) , aigeth, ibid. 5 . Not found in O. Ir. glosses (see enech). n s. agad, LU 4514 . aghadh, Dán Dé vii 35 . ind aiged , TBFr. 219 . aigead, Ériu xiii 58.1 . aideadh, BB 427a50 . aghaidh (: samhail), DDána 42.6 . v s. aighidh, ZCP xiii 174.9 . a s. agid, TBFr. 223 . aigid, Trip.² 313 . agaid, Lism. L. 2968 . aghaidh, Aithd. D. 61.21 . acchaidh, AFM v 1640.16 . adhaigh, Ériu v 190.480 . adhaid (sic MS.), ZCP vii 301 § 6 . aghaigh, Laws iv 258.1 Comm. agad, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 312.15 ). aiged, Maund. 257 . g s. aigthi, CRR § 17 . aichthi, TTebe 930 . aighthe, DDána 85.1 . Proverbs vii 15 . d s. aighid, ACL iii 4.28 . n p. aigthi, Sc.M² 5 . d p. aichthib, Rawl. 163b13 . aigthib, TTebe 4115 . agthib, TBC-LL¹ 4210 . aghadh, aighedh f., IGT Decl. § 4 .

I

(a) face, countenance: mad i nadaid ri[g] 'if it be [a wound] in the face of a king ' Bretha 26 § 9 . mad a naigid rig tuat roferta(i)r fuil graine 'if a one-grain wound has been inflicted in the face of a king' 28 § 12 . niba diles a aighidh do aoir, Ériu xiii 13.20 . agad ḟochoel forlethan, LU 4514 (TBC). ind aiged do chumtachtai the face for its comeliness, TBFr. 219 . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid ṅgil, 223 . aged ethiopacda slemangorm aci, MU² 689 . niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, Sc.M² § 5 . comleithet a aigthi do derg-ór, CRR § 17 . ag ínred a aichthi `tearing his face', TTebe 930 . dob iomdha aighthe giall ngonta, TD 11.32 . deōr tromthoirsi / co tī tar abra ar n-aigthi-ni, ACL iii 234.18 . dar a aighid, 4.28 . a.¤ fedil see fethal.

By metonymy of persons: a haighidh fhīr woman of the true countenance, ZCP xiii 174.9 . fer ard uas aichthib Emna / diar chomainm Tadg . . ., Rawl. 163b13 .

(b) surface: aigead gach airgit, Ériu xiii 58.1 (See xix 117-8 ). ordlach i tiget cech lainde dib . . . co m-ba haiged oir uli lais ár medon, Alex. 581 . dar aigthib sciath, TTebe 4115 . mar chaoin aighthe cupa ó cheard, DDána 119.34 . ar aighidh mhín Mhaonmhuighe expanse , Ériu v 66.8 . a haghaidh ghléigheal . . . (of a hill), TD 4.5 . ?ria n-aidche agaig (leg. agaid), Ériu iv 162 § 25 . fa aghaidh na firminnte across the face of the firmament, Aithd. D. 61.21 . ag cur bhairr ┐ aighthe mo bhaisi deisi . . . palm of my right hand, Parrth. Anma 1020 . ar aighthibh . . . an aigein, ML 48.10 .

(c) front: meitheal dar bh' aghaidh sinn súd we were in advance of that working-party, DDána 42.6 ; cf. baluid dia lethagid in luirg, ┐ tanic dia lettáib, TBC-LL¹ 651 ( LL 8103 ).

(d) shape, form, appearance: aen dib a fuath duine, ┐ aroile a ndeilb dhuim, ┐ anaill a naigid ilair, Grail 3399 .

(e) honour (see 1 enech II): dar cend aigthe Conculainn `for the sake of C.'s honour', RC xiv 428 § 52 . tuc Eochaidh a aenrosc do dar ceann a aigti, BB 383a35 . ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s.v. eineach. Cf. do tabairt aighti doib giving countenance to them, ZCP v 42.30 ( BCC 123 ).

Note also: ic fóbairt aigthe a feirgge for Troiánu, LL 236b22 ( TTr. 1458 ).

II In phrases implying motion, intention etc. (a) With follg. FOR, FRI etc.:

(a) dob aghaidh ar éttualang (of an impossible undertaking), AFM v 1646.1 . agaid for Ath Cliath to attack A. ALC i 2.19 . is tráth aighthe ar Allmhurchaibh, DDána 85.1 . fa neimhleasg liom aghaidh air `I was in no wise loth to approach it', TD 11.7 . ní hésgaidh linn ort aigheadh, IGT Decl. ex. 826 . a n-aighthe ar in sen-fhairrgi making for the sea, Fl. Earls 58.7 . aghaidh dhamh-sa do fhios Bhriain, Hard. ii 202.11 . déne prostrait ┐ t'aiged fri talmain face downwards, PH 454 . a agaid fria lochtaib, PH 8227 .

(b) With attá: ni bḟuil bur n-aighedh le clesaibh riderachta, RC xxix 112 § 8 . is indess ro boí a aged [.i. do Temraig], Trip.² 1011 . Note also: aghaidh gach droichsgéil amach! all evil away from us! Dánta Gr. 9.1 .

(c) do-beir a.¤ co, fri turns towards, makes for: tucsat agaid a long gu . . . turned their ships towards, Lism. L. 2968 . mad cucainni dobera Conch. ┐ Ulaid a n-agaid if C. and the U. make for us, CRR § 21 . tugaisse aghaidh ar Ifearnn, Aithd. D. 70.21 . do bhert a aghaidh ar uaithnibh `he directed his course by Uaithne', AFM vi 2144.20 . tuc an toiced a haghaidh ar in rí, fortune turned her face towards the king, Expugn. Hib. § 64 . tug R. / aighidh ar an lucht rosling `R. has turned to the people who had defeated him', Studies 1919, 256.3 . tucsat a naigid innaenfecht for Leth Cuind attacked, SG 369.2 . ( LL 299b1 ). tugadar a n-aighthe ar airgne ┐ ar éadála . . . do thiomsughadh turned their attention to, Maguires of F. § 13 . ro thriallsat . . . aghaidh do thabhairt ar dhol a nulltoibh `attempted to effect their passage', AFM v 1854. 13 . gibe ealadha ara ttiobhra duine aghaidh whatever science a person may turn to, Rule of Tallaght § 67 . tug a aghaidh res an uile he faced everybody, DDána 15.9 . Note also: tar Carrthaigh . . . / cuir aghaidh na himeirche tar cuan L. face the band over the shore of L., DDána 74.49 .

III In prepositional phrases.

(a) before, in front of (with AR, FOR, FRI, I N-, LA): nemhsgathmhar ar a.¤ a eascarad `undaunted before his enemies', Rel. Celt. ii 196.6 . an tan curtar ar aigid na gréne é when it is exposed to the sun, O'Gr. Cat. 259.8 . magh . . . do bī ar a n-agaid before them, ML² 1039 . ercid is-in less ar bar n-agaid, PH 4371 . for agid Tripolim, Rawl. 71b6 . Eoin re haghaidh an leanaibh in the presence of, Dán Dé xi 18 . fuair cricha na hEtáile re [a] aghaidh before him, CCath. 1225 . dogní munterus fri-a n-aichthibh they pretend friendship to their faces (opposed to behind their backs), PH 7704 . rucait i n-agid ríg Lochlainne they were brought before the kings of N., CRR § 13 . Peadar abstal na aghaidh / do shéan Iosa `in His presence', A. Ó Dálaigh li 11 . do radh go im agaid `to my face', MR 76.14 . Cf. an president . . . do shuidhe lé hacchaidh Sruthra `laid siege to S.,' AFM v 1640.16 .

(b) towards, in the direction of (with i n-): tainic . . . N . . . ana aigid-seom, Trip.² 313 . na daine do rala do na aigidh who met him, Laws iii 178.12 Comm. erigid-siu 'na agaid go to him, TTebe 4179 . dodechaid bó dasachtach ina agaid `came towards him', RC ii 398 § 37 . guais don tí nach tabhair lón / i n-aghaidh na dtrí dtionól (of Judgement Day), Dán Dé xxii 32 .

(c) against (with FRI, I N-): táinic Seth . . . is misi ann re aguidh `where I was awaiting him', Ériu iv 116 § 21 . do ordaigedar . . . a forairedha do c[h]ur re h-agaid Eōgain on the watch for E., ML² 445 . roeiridh an abhond ré aigid the river rose against him, TTebe 3582 . ba tearc d'Ultaibh re a aghaidh `few of the Ulaid would resist him', Aithd. D. 8.4 . ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, LU 4028 ( SCC § 48 ). in fer ro bai ina adaig i.e. his opponent, Laws iii 218.7 Comm. i n-agthib na srotha sain against the current, TBC-LL¹ 4210 . ata comaimserdhacht ina adhaigh sin there is a synchronism contradicting that, Ériu iv 144 n.19 . is amlaidh ata in leiges a n-aiged na nadura, RC xlix 25.z .

Up (of a slope, steps, etc. with I N-): cloch mulind do chur ana agaid shlebe to roll a millstone up a hill, TTebe 1669 . a n-aghaidh in staigri upstairs, Fl. Earls 218.16 . anagaid aird uphill, Maund. 31 . cuirid i n-a.¤ opposes, contradicts: doirbh leis an gcorp cor 'n-a aghaidh, Dán Dé xix 3 . doreir baramhla na ndaeine nglic nach fuil cur ina agaid accamsa `to which I do not object', Maund. 157 . gan ar breith do neach dhíobh freasabhra ná cur 'n-a aghaidh, Keat. iii 102 . ro chuir ina acchaidh a aindliccheadh ┐ a eccóir fair `upbraided him', AFM vi 1972. 10 . do-icc i n-a.¤ : na tecait i n-agaid in rechta atharda, IT i 170.9 . ní fetar teacht a n-agaid chainti an chumachtaigh sin, TTebe 1075 . tāinic O . . . . i n-a aghaidh sin O. disputed that, ML² 612 .

(d) for (with FRI, I N-): iasg i n-aibhnibh re a aghaidh `for him the fish fill the rivers', Aithd. D. 36.3 . aingeal re haghaidh gach aoin, Dán Dé xxiii 3 . dogēn-sa in cētna at agaid I shall do the same for you, ZCP xiii 181.z . i n-aghaidh mo dhísle dhuid / m'ḟaghail is tríbhse tánuig in return for, TD 14.37 .

(e) for the purpose of (with FRI, LA): fri agad bretha ┐ cocerta, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 412.15 ). aingeal re haghaidh smachta an angel to correct (Michael), Dán Dé xiv 4 . fri h-aighid a biata `to prepare food for them', MR 50.18 . go mbeittis i náon ionadh re hacchaid báis an fhior-naoimh, BNnÉ 273 § 246 . lé haghaidh Somhairle do cennsucchadh, AFM v 1820.12 .

(f) on the point of, about to (with FRI and vn.): atámúid re hadhaigh catha do chur we are about to give battle, Ériu v 190.480 . do bí M. . . . le haghaid sil éorna do chur, BNnÉ 232 § 146 . re haiged techta duinne cum in gleannasa `before we entered', Maund. 257 .

(g) as an offset to, corresponding to, instead of, etc. (with I N-): ro badur bessa ac na mnáib sin a n-aghaid mathusa na fer sin as a counterpart to, Acall. 7310 . cid fodera foimeilt in ferainn do dul a n-aghaigh na eineclainni annsin? `what is the reason that the use of the land goes (is set) against the honor price in that case?' Laws iv 258.1 Comm. 'na aigid sin in compensation for that, TTebe 1633 . Aed mac T. do athrigad . . . ┐ Aed mac F. do rigad doib ina adaig in his place, Ann. Conn. 1350.9 . luagh i n-aghaidh th'anshóigh, Dán Dé xii 12 . bliadhain i n-aghaidh na h-uaire a maireann an t-éiclips uirre féin a year for every hour, Corp. Astron. 158.4 . i n-aghaidh a ndearna dhóibh / do shaothar is do sheanmóir in return for, Dán Dé xi 24 .

(h) In Laws in phr. ar a a.¤ féin on one's own, in one's own right: ara aigid fen a ænur, CIH vi 2281.13 (Uraicecht Becc) . no ara aigidh fein, UR 102 § 2.11 . o bus orgain airlechta in druith ar a aigid fein a aenar, cin adhbar, cin bidbanas `of his own accord', iii 158.8 . a lan dic ar a aighidh fein, 244.y. eneclann don triur is uaisli bis and ar a naigid uodein `on their own account', i 164.21 . .x. samaisci ar a n-aigid bodein `at their own natural value', v 66.28 .

IV In adverbial phrases.

(a) a.¤ i n-a. (FRI, AR, DO etc.) face to face (with). atáit dá clar-cisdi mora ann in n-agaid a n-agaid, Todd Nenn. 94.x . ragab tilaig agid i n-agid dona sluagaib, TBC-LL¹ 4557 . agid fri agid is Glenn Mamra directly facing, Rawl. 73a31 = is and ata sein aigid d'aigid fri glend Mambra, BB 6a9 . ag feitheamh na Tríonnóide aghaidh ar aghaidh face to face, Ó Héodhusa 54.16 . In Laws Comm. of things set off against each other: a da nindlighedh aghaidh inaghaidh, Laws ii 140.12, 78.29, i 114.5 .

(b) ar a.¤ forward, ahead: buille air aghaidh a step forward, Donlevy vi 19 . do chum gnothuighe móra ar nanama do chur air aghaidh `to help on the great affair of our salvation', 444.19 . ag dul ar aghaidh going forward, TSh. 10793 . Sometimes with poss. referring to subj. of prec. vb. toircidh . . . ar bar n-aghaidh, `right a head', Cog. 86.14 . triall do b'áil ar a haghaidh, Aithd. D. 81.2 . ara aghthib ┐ ara culaib forwards and backwards, CCath. 3612 .

(c) In Laws Comm. do a.¤ , for a.¤ of improper motion of flail: in cet sceinm do leth da aghaidh forwards, Laws iii 222.8 Comm. ata leth aithgin ann for a aighidh when it slips forward, y. noco naithfegtar acht aighidh nama account is taken only of slipping forward, 224.2 .

Compds. With adjj.: abach . . . agedban, CCath. 4099 . occlaech . . . agedchain fairfaced , CCath. 6026 . Aeneas . . . fer imlethan aideadhdherg red-faced , BB 427a50 . gach inad uiscidhe, agaid-fhliuch flooded , MR 256.15 . da óclach . . . agaidhgeala, TBC-LL¹ 4346 v.l. in allchnocoip agadlethnaibh broadfaced, CCath. 5634 . ind fir athlaim agedmóir broad-faced , LL 20345 . With noun: dá lethantrosdán . . . ag imachar a haighedhcnám front bones (shin-bones?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.y .

2 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áige or dil.ie/917

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e) io, m. Perh. same word as 1 á. post, prop, pillar: braga .i. bir-āga. āige ainm bir, Corm. Y 161 . aighe .i. sail no gabhal, O'Cl. dún . . . dorus umaide fair ┐ ágai umaidi and, LU 1793 . bertais . . . inna hágu umaidi, 1799 . cach aga cach airenach (of the Tech Midchuarda), LL 3704 . Extended uses. Of a person: cach óen nad beir genelach cosna cethrib agaib arddaib seo .i. co Niall la Hu Nēill, co hEochaid Mugmedoin etc., Rawl. 140b28 . imme, maith in taighe, / suides flaith cech tiri (of the king of Tara), Ériu v 232.16 . ba háge immairic cach fer dib seo pillar of battle, LU 1602 ( IT ii2 214.52 ). ?dal armairc gan all n-āighi / as tairgsin āirmhe ar nionaibh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 33 . inmain áighe sútt `beloved chief', BColm. 36.16 . Frequ. in Fél. of saints: Pól apstol, ard áge, Fél. Prol. 119 (.i. calma, Fél.2, where Stokes suggests reading colma. Hence aighe .i. calma, O'Dav. 69 , O'Cl. citing Fél.). Benedict balc áge (: Árne), March 21 (.i. tuir, ib.). Pátraic prímdae áge, Nov. 2. comdíre do rig ┐ epscop ┐ agu rechta litre ┐ suid filed an authority in literary matters, ZCP xvi 175 § 4 . age rechta dilgetha .i. int og-ae aca mbi dirgidetu dilgeda, in fer leiginn .i. sai chanoine, Ériu xii 12.2 . a.¤ fine head of the family: cor focerdcar (leg. -tar) seach aga fine ada cora do beith oga, Laws iv 60.12 . co tuca cach a cond .i. a aige fine, i 80.29 Comm. leth coibche cach ingine dia haighe fine, iii 314.9 Comm. a.¤ réire judge: aighe rere .i. brethem, O'Dav. 19 . aighe réire ag breith fírbhreath (glossed aighe .i. sail no gabhal; réire .i. aosda .i. sail sheanoirde re breitheamhnas), Hard. ii 294.8 . Of a high place: fil dam aichne áige . . . benn B., Metr. Dinds. iv 70.1 . rodharcbla . . . isi cric domídigear rosc ┐ adsuighaidter criche frisin, ma rofeisear in da aighe derba bidé iman raind sin `this is the district estimated by the eye, boundaries are defined by these if the two certain heads which are to this division be known' (i.e. the eye fixes the boundary if two points of it remain i.e. by running a straight line between these points), Laws iv 144.5 Comm. is ed tainic a n-aige ┐ a n-ardde ant srotha co rochuired uadha na cairci commora, TTebe 3623 (Ed. takes as 1 aige). aighe .i. cnoc, O'Cl.

ailltech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailltech or dil.ie/1059

n collect. of 2 alt cliffs: srotha . . . ac siledh . . . don a.¤ sin, Stair Erc. 779 . ailltecha leathna, 777 .

4 aire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 aire or dil.ie/1886
Last Revised: 2013

[io, n.] vn. of ar-fen. See LEIA and BBCS xxvi 447 . act of making a dam; dam, fence (on a stream), weir: a.¤ .i. cora ēisc, ut dixit a.¤ ēisc [ḟlatha], O'Mulc. 101 . a.¤ .i. cora éisg, O'Cl. a.¤, cora a fishing-weir, Eg. Gl. 677 . athgabail tresi . . . hi ta.¤ , Laws i 162.22 . im a.¤ fri sruth, 202.1 .i. ime ar cind in srotha , 204.25 Comm. a.¤ eisc (sic leg.) flatha, O'D. 1628 (H. 5.15, p. 16a). a.¤ .i. ime nó fal, ut est a.¤ eisci flatha .i. ime do denam ar cinn eisc na flatha ┐ adeir sé: ni techta ni bes [mó] nó trian inn uisce do a.¤ (.i. do ime) `to dam more than a third of the water', O'Dav. 60 . a.¤ srabha sraibh .i. draighin, Auraic. 1192 = O'Dav. 180 (.i. fal). clíatha draigin is derg-scíach / gníset moa n-áth dia a.¤ to fence it, Metr. Dinds. iii 316.3 . Fig. sech is áire do Albain óig / mind n-óir D. Ch. (i.e. Colm Cille,) iv 98.y .

Alp

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Alp or dil.ie/3010

pn the Alps: ind Etail sairdes Asia / Slíab Ailp eturru is Gallia, LL 16393 . fodes co Slíab nAilp, 16391 . tri srotha tecait a hAilp . . .sruth Réin . . . sruth Liguir i[s] sruth Ródain, 16403 . See Alpae.

1 anamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anamain or dil.ie/3345
Last Revised: 2013

n f. Name of a class of metre proper to an ollam. Connected with anaid (in sense breathes ) and ainimm and perh. orig. in sense of psychic inspiration , Watkins, Celtica vi 217 but see ZCP xxxi 146 , Ériu xlviii 47 . The a.¤ had two divisions, a.¤ becc and a.¤ mór, also called a.¤ ceithireich, which was sub-divided into four `ré's. See also IT iii pp. 164-68 . Variously explained by native glossators: emon airchitel, ar it cosmaili a dā lethcomarc unde a.¤ dicitur .i. nī emon acht is ceat[h]arreig, O'Mulc. 391 . Corm. Y 574 . a.¤ .i. ainm airc[h]etail .i. án a somaoin ar mét a lóig[e] ┐ a grāid, ar is dán olloman, unde dicitur: `inloing ollam a.¤', Corm. Y 39 (cf. O'Dav. 1072 ) = inellaig ollam anamuin, O'Mulc. 537 . a.¤ (.i. anṡomain .i. somain án .i. airdairc ┐ is ind immund tis atá ind a.¤) eter da nin inso .i. nin i tossuch in moltai ┐ nin ina deriud, LU 400 ( ACC, RC xx 146.3 ). a.¤ an somain `glorious profit', Auraic. 1581 . baird . . . cid i ndeocraigetar? . . . i ndanaib ┐ gradaib ┐ anmandnuib (┐ aistibh no anamnaibh v.l.), IT iii 5.7 . a.¤ bec indso, 60 § 120 . ind a.¤ mór . . . cethrí re inti-sside .i. nath anair, laíd ┐ emain. Itt e sein tra cetrí re na hanamna, 59 § 114 . a.¤ ceatarach annso . . . cethireich .i. ceithri reich ann ┐ it e annso a nanmand .i. nath, anair, laidh ┐ eamain, 96 § 152 . in t-ollam filead . . . a.¤ cainceitiriac a aisde go n-a ceithir reib ogaib eilligter innti [i.] nath ┐ anair, laid ┐ eamain, Laws v 58.6 Comm. is hi foglaim na .xi. bliadna .i. .l. anamain (anaman v.l.) mór ┐ .l. a.¤ becc (of an ollam), IT iii 59 § 113 . is i so . . . in anamhain fodhen, 97 § 157 . .x. mba ┐ samaisc ar corp na hanamnach boden, Laws v 58.8 Comm. incipít dona hanamhnaibh, IT iii 96 . iarcomarc na hanamna inso sís, 60 § 119 . teora uama ollaman xii raind na filidechta ┐ na ceithri srotha déc . . . ┐ anamna ollaman, 59 § 112 . a.¤ irdairc / uasal in slonnod / nisdenand duine / uile acht ollom, 106 § 25 . carpat cumaili cach aeda anumna, 50 § 93 . Laws v 70.3 Comm. co feser cia halt aircetail bera fri sechta .i. i[n] nath, inn anair, inn a.¤ etc., Auraic. 828 , 1578 , 4654 .

Associated with names of magical formulae (but see Ériu xlviii 47 ): ceithri srotha déc [na filidechta] ínso sís .i. . . . immas ┐ dichetal, a.¤ ┐ brethugud ┐ tenmlaida, etc., IT iii 58.1 ., LL 3898 . nath ┐ dicetal ┐ Bretha Nemedh ┐ a.¤ , Laws v 28 n.5 . dicedul do cenduib, cedul nanomuin, O'D. 2207 (Nero A vii, f. 143b). ailghes ┐ a.¤ ┐ glaimh dicend, 2319 ( Rawl. B 506, 33b3 ).

1 bés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bés or dil.ie/5755
Last Revised: 2013

n (Cf. Hiberno-Latin bes(s)us Latin Letters in Early Christian Ireland xii 207 ). u, m. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 95.

(a) habit, custom, usual procedure, practice; manner, way: ni fil linn in béesso gl. consuetudinem non habemus, Wb. 11c21 . iudide ó béssaib, 10d35 . ithæ inso bésse inna fedb `these are the manners of the widows', 29a3 . ishé didiu a mb.¤ adi intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile gl. more uiuitur bestiarum, Ml. 19d6 . ón bes dóindu gl. homano more, 51d25 . iarsin bǽs doindu, 127d15 . bithbethu iar ṁbes for Dé deis according to custom, SR 1497. modh (ón bh.¤), IGT Decl. § 95 (127.9) . b.¤ modh o eincheill araen (v.ll.), ib. n. 7 . cach cenél dib cona deilb ┐ cona bes ┐ cona aicned foleith (of animals), Ériu ii 126 § 89. gach béas ban da, DDána 114.30 . b.¤ duine dhubhaigh likeness , IGT Decl. ex. 1089. is bes tra . . . briathra na salm . . . do erlabrai ánd `it is customary', Ml. 26c6 . isse a bees . . . fogeir a nggalar in uile corp the disease is wont to inflame etc., Thes. ii 245.33 (Cambr.). is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic leg., note) ilbeim friss, Wb. 4d15 . isé b.¤ ind fir se marbad a óeged, Thes. ii 323.13 (Hy. iv Comm.). With DO: is bées . . . donaib dagforcitlidib molad ingni inna nétside, Wb. 11b6 . is b.¤ tra dosom anisiu, 22c10 . is bes do som tra buith cen chomaccomla, Ml. 28d6 . is b.¤ duibsi . . . ní réidid it is not your wont to drive, LU 5093 ( TBC-I¹ 607 ). is béas don bhláth machuire the field is natural to the flower, DDána 7.3 . With LA and OC: is b.¤ leosom in daim do thúarcuin, Wb. 10d6 . is bǽs linni epert gl. nobis moris est dicere, Ml. 30c3 . ar ba bes la suidib .u. tar hesi ṅí , Sg. 4a9 . ba b.¤ oc Rómanachaib, etc., PH 3291. ní béas eilte d'éis a laoigh / agam I do not practise the habit of a doe bereft of its fawn, DDána 69.25 .

In prep. phrases: (ó) b.¤ , (ó) bésaib: trebait isin cathraig . . . o b.cethecailsi na n-apstal in the Catholic manner of . . ., Anecd. iii 69.25 . Cf. bés (cen bes, v.l.) mora, Lament 88 § 1 . étiud bān bēsaib srotha `white raiment after the fashion of an elder', Ériu ii 66 § 13. ni bia o besaib mogha, Laws iv 16.23 . See Celtica vi 234.z. fo b.¤ : fo b.¤ srotha luaith `in the manner of a swift stream', Wb. 32c16 .

(b) In more specialized sense (particularly in pl.) moral(s), good behaviour: ar chuit óisa et bésa, Wb. 28d24 . cid maith a b.¤ oca thig his conduct, TFerbe 521 . riaglóir . . . / conoathar b.¤ `who preserves good manners' (in a monastery), Ériu iii 106 § 43. intamlid a béssu, Wb. 9a14 . asbera frib coteeet mo béssise gl. uias meas, 9a17 . bési nodaberat inæclis, 28d26 . inna mbéso (`rather bése,' note) sainemlae gl. morum, Ml. 30d15 . ar indí atreba bésu aristotil, Sg. 33a29 . cen buaidred ar do béssaib `no deterioration in thy conduct', PH 7552. do bhéasa ód óige = thy manner, Jeremiah xxii 21. ar bhéasaibh ná ar mhíbhéasaibh, DDána 120.29 .

(c) Legal customary (annual) (food-) rent (glossed biad uais, Laws ii 222.14 Comm.), tribute, etc. (see ZCP xiv 340.19 , Críth G. p. 75 , PRIA xxxvi C 283.25 ): sudiges bēs foruib nō cacht (etymol. of forbasach), Corm. Y 658. turcrec cacha besa of every annual rendering of tribute (Thurn.), ZCP xiv 341 § 3a . ná[d] fuiln(g)e a b.¤ tar molt cona ḟosair. Ma ḟorbera folud a thige . . . co mbí b.¤ a thige and íarna míad, Críth G. 80 , 83 . do berthar boin cech lis a Mumain duit . . . acht na derntar bes de, RC xliii 16 § 10. fri comus a mbesa ┐ a císa doib `to assess their tributes and taxes', Ériu xii 162 § 2. v. tricha in rig do ┐ cis ┐ bes do estib `rent and tribute for the five King's Cantreds', Ann. Conn. 1235.19 . See airchenda

Note also: b.¤ gl. idioma, Ml. 51c25 , 62d8 . dun b.¤ ebraidiu gl. Ebreco idiomati, 71c11 . anat n-uaibrigthi in bæsai cosecarthi gl. ritibus sacris, 100c16 .

Compds. bésgnethid gl. morigera, Thes. ii 3.29 . trisin ṁbæstindrim gl. per tropologiam, Ml. 41a2 . 48c11 .

bíast, béist

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíast, béist or dil.ie/5830

Forms: píast, péist, best, béist, biastae, biasta, béssti, biastai, besti, biasta, biast, béstib, péisd, béisd, best

n f. (Lat. bestia). Also píast, péist q.v. n s. best, Sg. 37b6 . béist, PH 7204. g s. na biastae , Fél.² Ep. 472 , na biasta , PH 7223. n pl. béssti, Wb. 31b21 . biastai, Ériu ii 104 § 15. a pl. besti, Thes. i 4.31 . g pl. biasta, Ml. 121d8 , SR 892 , biast, LU 2157. d pl. béstib, PH 7201. péisd béisd f., IGT Decl. § 43.

(Wild) beast, monster (on applications see píast): bēist a bestia (beistia, MS.), Corm. Y 106. béssti olca doesmet fuili gl. malae bestiae, Wb. 31b21 . best gl. ferus, Sg. 37b6 . ní frí de biid foindel inna mbiasta gl. peruagatio bestiarum, Ml. 121d8 . ro láithea for bíastaib they were thrown to wild beasts, Fél. Prol. 41. fochairt . . . allaili m-beasti n-uathmair (huathmar, MS.) amail leoman `encountered some dreadful beast', RC xi 446.1 . (of a wild boar) donti dotraethfadh in bést bithgranda bedgnimach sin, ZCP vi 279.18 . búithreadh na mbiasd n-uaithbhéalda `brutes', TD 4.33 . Of fabulous monsters, dragons, water-monsters, etc.: roattaig in beist Brenaind . . . frisin beist ole `the monster besought B. . . . against the other beast', Thes. ii 335.19 (Hy. v Comm.). cenglais uad in beist . . slicht na biasta, Fél. 90.35 , 37 . luid cosin ṁbéist, ba bidg baeth, RC xxiii 304 § 3 ( LL 4008 ). gaibthi in béist assind uisci, TBFr. 229. conos-tarla i mmuir . . . ┐ nocon-faccatar biastai na hanmannai and eter na carrce, RC x 54. 6 ( LU 1884 ). cenn na biasta (piasta, v.l.), Ériu xvi 36.41 . (of magical monstrous cat) in beis[t], LU 8765 , 8766 ( FB 57 ). (of a dragon) ni ro an don beist co nderna aighedha fogalta feolscaeilti di, Grail 2040 . srotha tened . . . a belu na biasta, PH 7235. Míchéal thall ro bhuail an mbéisd, Dán Dé xxvi 56 = IGT Introd. § 63. tug tú do bhreith ar bhíasdaibh / crú re slíasdaibh eich ésgaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1225. cuili, biasta, brecnata vermin , SR 3934. bēist ass andsam robói i nHērinn in Cet, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 3 ( LL 14309 ). nocht do bhrataigh 'na biasd sróill (of a battle-standard), SGS iv 138 § 6.

Compd. in mbiast-chat ( a s.) monster-cat , BNnÉ 77 § 146 .

birar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. birar or dil.ie/5941
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bilar, biror, biolar

n o, [n.] (2 bir ? Cf. GOI § 265 and Bidrag 121 ). Later bilar. Name of a water-plant: ipofila (sic) .i. bilur muire, RC ix 236.47a. nasturcium adhon in bilur uisgi, 238. 57a. biror gl. brecia (brassica? ed.), Ir. Gl. 184. Leonína Calculcitameron .i. bilar .i. bilar Muire, ACL i 333.14 . serpentina . . . .i. bilur Muiri .i. mudomun, 28 . an bilar garrdha (= nasturtium hortensis), Lia Fáil iii 122.23 . biror .i. bir tibra nō srut[h]. Or .i. mong. Biror didiu mong tiprat nō srotha , Corm. Y 121. biror .i. mong tiprai, H 3.18, 64b17 . biolar Mhuire ` brook-lime ', ib. biolar tragha ` scurvy-grass ', ib. Usually translated watercress: na trī gais .i. gas biroir ┐ gas fochluchta ┐ gas trechlaim, TBC-I¹ 1046. rot bia dorn bilair ┐ dorn femmaig ┐ dorn fothlochta, LL 9138 (TBC). cuach usce ar bélaib cach fir díb ┐ popp do birur for cach cuach, LU 7837 (BDD). tri gasa do bhiror na Boinne, MR 18.7 . forsin ngas mbiroir mblathguirt, Fél.² lxxxix 30. im thogha biorair an ghlenna sin `the pick of watercress', BS 22.22 . biror ┐ usce ┐ lusrad na cailli is ed nochaithdis, Ériu i 44.6 . glēre ḟīrtiprat / . . . / bruindit [b]ioulair, K. and H. 15. do barr bhilair of watercress leaves, CF² 153. biorar fochla ┐ gleórán, Duan. F. ii 372 § 11. biolar ` watter-cresses ', Eg. Gl. 714.

In n. loc.: abb Achaidh Bioroir (Aghaviller, nr. Newmarket, Co. Kilkenny, note), AFM i 554.7 . See Hog. Onom.

Compd. gallblach ar bilarlíc (`flag-stone with watercress', Contribb. 215 ), IT iii 99 § 163.

2 brecc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 brecc or dil.ie/6621

Forms: breac

o, m. subst. use of 1 brecc, lit. speckled one, a small fish, usu. translated trout (cf. Hib. Lat. bricius `a fish, a kind of trout' c. 1200, Med. Lat. Word-list from British and Irish Sources, J. H. Baxter and C. Johnson). breac `a trout . . . spot-fish, so called, because it is spotted', P. O'C. ? he b.¤ baoi i mBóinn (Colum Cille), TFrag. 10.7 , see 4 é bratā[i]n pric (: tric) `trout', K. and H. 18. do bhric ód bruachaib amach, SG 96.15 . Bledh iat ┐ Blodh ina mbreacoib Boinne, Dinds. 66. breac ar sruth, Oss. iv 42.8 . iasccach ┐ bric ciordubha `coal-black trouts' (sic), AFM i 510.2 . dearcain donna / ar breacaib srotha ac saigdeóracht, IGT Decl. ex. 266. gidh beac an breac bís fan lin, 525 . fuilngidh breac acras ar édtráigh, 1021 . brec marb `a dead trout', BCC 57. b.¤ dubáin, see 1 dubán.

1 bruinnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bruinnid or dil.ie/7124
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bebárnatar, bréisiu

v (see GOI § 549 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 478 ). Pret. 3 p. bebárnatar, LL 13445 = Études Celt. v 156.2 ( GOI § 687 ). springs forth, flows; darts, rushes: cuich gela . . . / intu no bruindis bannae, SR 4347. síar cach ndiriuch brunnes (a well), LL 3832. cora mbruinned fo thír, 21148 (cf. Dinds. 26 ). brunnid fer fuil (rhet.) the blood of men gushes (?), 12095 . forsa mbruinnet cóic bannai `onto which five drops well up´ Ériu lii 143 . bruindit [b]ioulair `spring', K. and H. 15. lestar óir airegda / asa mbruintis balct[h]onna (of Colum C.), ACL iii 218 § 6. conacca in curach n-adbal no bruinned dochum tíre `a . . . boat bounding toward', RC xiv 402 § 9. Trans. bruindit srotha srúaim de mil `rivers pour forth a stream of honey', Imr. Brain 36. bruinnith araile díbh bréo don teni forsin mac mbeg `darts a flame of fire on', Cóir Anm. 54. mac Bricrend ro brunned bla who generated fame (?), LU 10555 (H).

Vn. bréisiu and 3 bruinned.

1 búas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búas or dil.ie/7292

n ā, f. See Gwynn, Hermathena xxiv 60 ; Thurneysen, ZCP xx 381.

(a) stream, flow, gush (of water): ron tart a brága cen buais, LL 21168 `his throat dried up without water (?),' Bodl. Dinds. 39. cath Buasi co mbuais (: cluais), LL 6760 ( RC xxix 212 § 17 ). tecait co húais, ra gním ngle, / secht srotha, búais cen búaidre `in an untroubled gush', Metr. Dinds. iii 288.14 .

(b) Fig. of poetry expld. as art, knowledge: būas .i. āi, Corm. Y 199. buss (sic) .i. ai, H 3.18, 65a7 . bues .i. sofis, 633b24 . buas .i. sofis naircetail .i. arinni thic imbas iar mbuais, inde dicitur barr buaise, 64c26 . gur 'lus būas bang na Bōinde (B. na f.) .i. guribh sé an elada do bhí 'sna cnāibh imais, ZCP v 489 § 10. erraind nais a sruth buais .i. is uais ind rann fil ocum ar imbud mo dagḟessa .i. ollamnas `from the stream of science', RC xxvi 24 § 80 ( LL 24462 ). būas (leg. B., Thurn. loc. cit.) .i. soes n-arc[h]etail (imais add. , LB, note 2) arinní dothēt imbas īar mbuais (leg. mB., Thurn.). Inde dicitur isna Brethaib Nemed: `barr būaise', Corm. Y 148. Corm. 8. soillsighis sruthlinn mbarr mbuais buadhchu, Anecd. ii 75.11 .

pn As name of river Bush and in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom. B. (one of the rígusci Érenn), BDD² 1460. ó Buais co Commur Trí nUsce, Ériu vi 147.18 . d'Inbiur Buasse bruchtait srotha , Todd Nenn. 266.7 .

buinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buinne or dil.ie/7399

n io

(a) torrent, flood; stream, current, wave: geinidh buindi asa talmain a gush (of water), BB 266b39 . geisid cuan / ós buindi rúad Rinn dá bharc, Acall. 843. co n-erracht in muir . . . ina mbunnib gelglassa, LL 31803 `waves', TTr. 992. atraachtatar Lagin assa clíabaib amal b.¤ dilend do aillib `like a flood-stream bursting from cliffs', RC xiii 90 § 111. amal tic banni dían dílend a hucht airṡlébi, LL 32777 ( TTr. 1988 ). ? robo bainne do chēill chaimm / badud Nēill Caille hi Calainn, Rawl. 163a25 . dona buinnibh garba `to the . . . rough torrents', CCath. 3928. buinnedha . . . búaidherta na Bóinne `troubled waters', Fianaig. 90.21 . b.¤ síothbhán (River Erne), DDána 66.6 . séis mb.¤ `the note of the stream', Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . a bhuinneadha = torrentes eius, TSh. 6723. b.¤ ceart gaoithe tríthi rush of wind, Measgra D. 48.43 .

Further applications: saobhshruth b.¤ an bháis, DDána 30.25 . b.¤ milis a táobh tolcha `sweet stream gushing from, etc.' (to an archbishop) Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . Of feeling, emotion: ro lingeastair b.¤ rod reachtmhar san rígh-mhileadh `wave of fury', ML 134.12 . Of blood: buinni fola, O'Dav. 272. in b.¤ díriuch dondḟala, LU 6474 (TBC). na srotha fola . . . i n-a mbuinnedhaibh borb-ruadha, ML² 1737. b.¤ chorcra na gcneadh robhras `the . . . wounds' red stream', PBocht 3.26 . Of fire, flames: ina bh.¤ teintighe (of warrior), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1828. b.¤ luath lasrach mire, DDána 80.12 . Med. diarrhœa, flux; pus: b.¤ `corruption flowing from an ulcer', P. O'C. cona buindib brócoti asa īarcómlaid `flux of bragget', MacCongl. 89.18 . Of persons, etc., rapo doss díten ┐ rapa b.¤ bratha . . . leo C. scion, CRR 36. b.¤ mér-gheal, MR 230.4 . bunneda borbba barbardai, LL 32427 `boorish barbarous imps', TTr. 1622. mo bh.¤ bras (praising a horse), Measgra D. 15.28 . b.¤ fuar is tana taobh (a sword), 14.20 . 'na b.¤ . . . crúadha, Duan. F. ii 10 § 33. a bhuinge `youthful Chief' (Christ), Ó Bruad. ii 36.9 .

(b) sprig, sprout, stalk; sapling, etc.: b.¤ (glossed gas) losa `a head of leeks', Rule of Tallaght 3. ceitri buindi ḟir-cainde cacha bairgine `four stalks of . . . garlic', Laws v 40.12 . tópacht . . . cétbunni darach d'oenbéim bun barr, LL 8021 `sapling', TBC-LL² 457 . nós gach bh.¤ dhosaigh dhíbh, DDána 41.25 . bith a mblath ar gach mbuinde ` branch ', BCC 355 (384.22). ceithre tricht (= trichait ?) binni clis hi cechtar a dō dhōit (of Cú Ch.) `four thirties of feat-poles (?)' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 3396. caoin gach b.¤ dhuinn darach ` beam ', Ériu v 62.3 . spout, pipe: buindi óir fuirri thos (meinistir), Trip.² 940 `pipe', Trip. 86.4 `fistula through which the sacramental wine was sucked', Contribb. 291 , cf. Du Cange 1 fistula . Of parts of body tibia: buinde a sliasta `his shinbone', Dinds. 93 ; see also tregabail . Of musical instrument , gl. tibia ` pipe ,' Wb. 12c41 . gl. cicuta, Thes. ii 46.24 , 361.24 . a ngaibther isind buinniu no croit, Wb. 12c44 . See guthbuinde trumpet.

(c) circlet, (arm-)ring, bracelet: b.¤ óir immá moing `a circlet of gold round her hair', RC ix 490.3 (ICM). rat fia lúach mór ṁb. (: chaille, chlainne) `of . . . bracelets', TBC-LL² 2638 . a seacht mbuindi oir ima doid no ma meor, Manners and Customs iii 177 n. 255 . See 1 doé. ba de a bh.¤ níadh ┐ a dhí ḟalaigh `his champion's bracelet', Cóir Anm. 220 (378.17) . buindi niad no bidh ina laimh cacha flatha ind Erend d'or dearg, Leb. Cert. 6.16 .

(d) Of building structure, wattle, wickerwork, etc.: ciumhais, oire, imeal, b.¤ , Eg. Gl. 120. tuargabad a bh.¤ dídin for dhamhliag mor Ard Macha iarná lánegar do ṡlinntech `protecting ridge', ALC i 118.9 . ré briseadh an bh.¤ bheannuighthe .i. ghrás nDé, is cleith cheangail ar charcair an chrábhaidh, TSh. 1470. an b.¤ cúil . . . de phréimh na ríogh (of a chief), O'Rah. 58.12. Of vessel, receptacle: clibanus . . . .i. uassa no būnni (MS), Thes. ii 38.13 . See 1 lann (e). b.¤ bróige ` welt' (of shoe), O'Gr. Cat. 603.6. seól a luingi mar do láisd / do ḟáisg a mbeól b.¤ an béisd rigging (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1228.

In n. loc. Hog. Onom. B. in Beithe

1 bun

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bun or dil.ie/7448
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bon, bona, -acht

n [u, m. ? See PH 7275 cited below] somet. also bon. b.¤ m., g s. bona, IGT Decl. § 72 (and said to have a `canamhain'). b.¤ .i. fun .i. fundamentum, O'Mulc. 173.

The thick end of anything, base, butt, foot. Of trees etc. trunk, base: b.¤ cruinn mair, Thes. ii 295 § 7. béim do b.¤ chraind, LU 9063 ( FB 81 ). b.¤ nomna `trunk of an oak', Laws iv 142.y Comm. glaisithir b.¤ cuilind, RC xiii 5.8 . fear bona in craind, Laws iv 170.z Comm. fria bona na crand, ZCP xxx 138.2 (Alex.). sáidid . . . a mbonai suas . . . for bonu na crand, PH 7275. b.¤ cacha simne `das untere Ende', ZCP xiv 355 § 13 ( Laws ii 250.z ). geltatar . . . a fér cona b.¤ a talam, LU 4734 (TBC). See melle. b.¤ gach cleithe, Ériu i 22.108 . a b.¤ butt (of javelin), LU 4870 (TBC). bata buna borbremu[i?]r, ZCP vi 71.36 .

Of mountains base, foot: bona gairbenn nGreg, O'Gr. Cat. 336.5. im bhonaibh beann `around the assembly hills', Aithd. D. 36.26 .

Of rivers mouth, estuary: dara se a ainm ica b.¤ , Rawl. 78b1 . o Ghrellaig bháin bona, Gorm. Dec. 16 `of the river-end', Index of Places. b.¤ Bóinne, RC xlix 174 § 35. a b.¤ srotha Níl, Keat. ii 480. Exceptionally source: b.¤ an tsrota ┐ idir iartar . . . teit se a fairgi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 52.26 .

Of parts of the body: b.¤ a tengad base , Rawl. B 512, 48b (cited Contribb. 290 ). o b.¤ na hingne, Laws iii 352.3 Comm. escra (sic leg.) laimi bona a mer `at the root of his finger' (Plummer MS. notes), v 40.17 Comm. (verse). lethfat buna in litanain lower part of the little finger, ii 232.23 Comm. ar mhíonbh. méar, DDána 79.11 `barr,' Gloss. ar bunuibh in righthigh, Reg. San. 30.14 ` elbows ', Gloss. bēim . . . do b. an erbuill end (?), ZCP vi 80.38 .

Of armies base, foundation, main force (?): b.¤ an tslōigh (of a leader), O'R. Poems 685. b.¤ gach buidhne, DDána 111.30 `cúl, taca,' Gloss. a mb.¤ ┐ a meirgedha `base', Stair Erc. 2108 `the chief banyere', source. cōic mīli ele mur b. dōibh-sein `as a reinforcement', ZCP vi 45.5 . ? do sdéd mear ag cur chúarta / gu b.¤ ḟer an imrúagtha, IGT Decl. ex. 1281.

Various: sech b.¤ Baile in Bile, LL 10307 (TBC). a b.¤ fleagha remains of a feast (?) (term of opprobrium), IT iii 80 § 54 . ? rann ō bon (division of inheritance), Ériu i 214.13 . In more or less abstract applications: cia ré mbean a mb.¤ `what is their real value', Content. xiv 49. gibé heile ris as bh.¤ `whoever caused it', 69 . Ó hE. d'fhíorbh. accam is my real support, O'Hara 2218. a mheabhoir gá mbí a b.¤ `o steadfast mind', 3357 . fíorbh. na faghla, Aithd. D. 16.40 `mainstay', Gloss. b.¤ an ghaisgidh, RC xlix 172 § 26. b.¤ na dtrí dtomhus, DDána 58.17 `bríogh,' Gloss. ag sin b.¤ mo bharamhla the gist of my opinion is, Arch. Hib. i 98 § 3. b.¤ na tiomna-sa, BNnÉ 272.37 . ? sé 'na aonar ar ndul dúinn / b.¤ ar an saoghal ná saoil, Dán Dé xxiii 33 . go b.¤ gnath a gheinealaigh source , BNnÉ 281.4 . ? gnithi manach beothlusach buna, O'Dav. 1530.

Attrib. gs. qual. búanna, -acht, etc.: sreith . . . buannadha buna ┐ bairr levy for the upkeep of permanent and additional mercenaries (?), AFM v 1686.3 (see note). co na buannacht bhona `customary services ', 1600.y . suim Cissa i B. . . . ar an taobh amuig da Galloglacaib Bonna ┐ Bairr ` royalties ', Trans. RIA xv 37.30 . se .xx. tuag do buanacht bona, L. Chl. S. 30 (expld. by ed. as `axe-men to be maintained'). buandacht bona I Domnaill, Prolegomena 48.7 . cf. bonaght bonny, Dymmok, Treatice 8 (Ir. Arch. Soc. ii ).

V. freq. with prec. I N-: i mb.¤ na gabla beside the fork, LU 9193 ( FB 92 ). a mb.¤ an durrtaighe, Grail 3534 . Usu. in transfd. sense occupied with, adhering to, in charge of, devoted to: ataoi dháibh a mb.¤ do bhágha you have kept your promise to them, Dán Dé xix 25 . 'na bh.¤ guarding Him, ii 23 . atáid trí biodhbhuidh na b.¤ / ar tí ionnluigh na hanman, IGT Decl. ex. 775. an i mb.¤ do bhréagnuighthe `attend to my reply', Content. xxiv 24. fuireach 'na bhon to abide by it (a pact), Luc. Fid. 4142. nír ansat a mb.¤ a siothchána dAodh, AFM iii 464.z. Note also: mo thimpán . . . / atá i mb.¤ a leitrinne / airfided ban in domain is capable of (?), SG 248.38 .

With other prepp.: nī cuirfeam ar ngrād go b.¤ we shall not consummate our love, ZCP xiii 18.6 . do bh.¤ an ghrádha because of, DDána 58.12 . do bh.¤ t'impidhe through beseeching thee, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 4. fa b.¤ an craind at the foot of, Grail 3073 (a mb.¤ , v.l.). fá bh.¤ mo chlúimh `under the shelter of', Atlantis iv 134.2 . fri b.¤ cruche `at the foot of the gallows', Mon. Tall. 127.5 .

In adv. phrases: ar b.¤ established, in force, in progress: in síd do beth ar b.¤ , LB 114b53 . geis an airmse bíodh ar b.¤ , TD 19.19 . do bhí a nós . . . ar b.¤ , PBocht 11A.10. ó's í is mó atá ar b.¤ do shíor (division of Ireland), Keat. i 110.20 . b.¤ barr top and bottom, entirely, completely: tópacht . . . cétbunni darach d'oenbéim b.¤ barr, LL 8021 (TBC). With prepp.: di omnai . . . / . . . eter b.¤ is barr, LL 4763. mo shaoghal ó bh.¤ go barr, Dán Dé xxiii 18 . See 1 barr. b.¤ ós chionn (in class. verse also disyll. b.'s ch., see Measgra D. Gloss.) upside-down, in reverse, vice-versa, at variance: beag do-ním achd beart bun 's cionn, DDána 13.13 . ag cur an bheatha b.¤ ós ch. (leg. b.'s ch.), Dán Dé xxxi 31 . bun 's cionn gan dul 'na dhiaidh dhamh alas that I did not follow it (?), Measgra D. 58.16 . no bunsginn `or vice-versa', Rosa Angl. 52.18 . buin-sgionn = desuper, TSh. 7001. teilgidh b.¤ ós cionn bríathra = he overthroweth the words, Proverbs xxii 12. am scīth bun's cind upset, ZCP vi 263.15 . With follg. prep.: Luther ┐ Calvin, bhíos go minic b.¤ os cionn le chéile at loggerheads, Eochairsg. 2.14 . bun-os-cionn don Scrioptúir, 3.16 . With agus: glóir an bheatha b.¤ ós cheann / 's an ghlóir ar nach fuil foircheann, Dán Dé xxii 9 . See 1 cenn. b.¤ i mb.¤ together , Magauran 210 .

Compds. With nouns. See bunáit, etc. bo buin-beíme `a cow for cutting their trunks', Laws iv 146.22 . i ndóigh go gcuirfeadh Aodh buinchíos ar Dhál R., Keat. iii 1280. tri bunchuir `bands of interwoven twigs' (of a fence), Laws iv 76.22 Comm. = buncair, 112.9 . bunc[h]ar n-airbed, Corm. Y 581. See felc. bunebe ` cutting the trunk ', Laws iv 168.x. cath na m-bun fhear `of the stout men', Oss. iv 104.y . dia tuc duit mnāi co mbungile `ein Weib mit weissem Gesäss', Bruchst. 30 § 68 ; `a woman of real beauty´ EIS 143 § 23 . do chionn mhaga[idh] is bhuinghrin[n] `jeering, low humour (?)´ Celtica iv 110 § 18 . a chroiceann do chaill buin-scionn , 155 § 190 .

With adjj. lámha . . . bun-cháola, ML 120.8 . bile sa barr bunchasda, IGT Decl. ex. 553. cam buincheart an bunnannsoin with level base, ex. 583 . barr buinchlechtach `that ever does as by his origin he is held to do', Caithr. Thoirdh. 69.38 . slat bungel barrglan, ACL iii 238 § 7. a bunsaig ṁbaísi ṁbunloscthi, LL 8320 (TBC). do birfiaclaibh . . . bunodra `dun-based', CCath. 4027. bund-remar barr-cael (fig. of a `clí'), Laws v 28.7 Comm.

1 caise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caise or dil.ie/7961

n , f. (cas)

(a) intricacy, crookedness : cuird co caisse `an intricate task', Metr. Dinds. iii 396.3 . úire ar chríne 's ar ch.¤ `fresh vigour for age and stooping', A. Ó Dálaigh xxiii 3 = coise: loige, Measgra D. 76.9 . Of hair: méin ch.¤ 'n-a camchúl fhionn, DDána 49.10 . c.¤ a chiabh is glaise a shúl `curliness', Ériu xvi 195 § 5 . neimh-meirge is c.¤ 'na cúl `rippling', A. Ó Dálaigh xii 6 . c.¤ na c.¤ i ngach ruibe dá buidhe-chuachaibh, O'Rah. 18.5 .

(b) In special application stream, rivulet : go c.¤ na H., Isaiah xxvii 12 . áit srotha leathuin ┐ chaiseadh, xxxiii 21 . seachnaid iasc grian-tsruith is c.¤ caoin ciúin `rivulet', O'Rah. 30.11 .

In rivername, see Hog. Onom.

céimniugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céimniugad or dil.ie/8474

[u, m.] vn. of céimnigid. In (etymol.) glosses: aracae .i. cemniugud, O'Dav. 122 . ceird .i. ceimniugud no cing, 392 . na etaigh sin do cheimniugh do macuib etc., Laws ii 160.12 Comm. ( cengait, 8 ). vii cemnigeatu na heacalsa, v 22.3 Comm. ( secht ngraid, 1 ). comaicc .i. ceimniugud nó dol, Ériu xiii 55 § 27 .

Act of stepping, pacing, advancing, progressing : céimniochadh mo chos power of locomotion, Aithd. D. 52.12 . ic céimnigud for deis an ríg (Doomsday), RC iv 256.1 . do rer ceimnigthe figrach na diadhachta = transfiguratio, Smaointe B. Chr. 2362 . do chēimniugud srotha Iordanis `to pass the river Jordan', BColm. 2.16 . an mhuir . . . do cheimniuccadh, BNnÉ 77 § 144 . ag ceimniughadh ar a haghaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 260 note 2 . cemniugad glan dochumm nime, LB 141a4 . cémniughadh in nethibh nemhdha `aduancement in heauenly thinges', RSClára 157b .

cethramthu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cethramthu or dil.ie/8929

Forms: cethraimthe, cethraime, cethrama, cethruman, cethraimhe

n n, f. (cethramad). Later cethraimthe, cethraime, cethrama (somet. uninfl.). cethratta, Críth G. 127 v.l. cethruman, Laws ii 398.18 . cethramha, IGT Decl. § 9 . cethraimhe (with optional dental infl. in pl.), § 3 . quarter, fourth part .

(a) teora huara cecha cethramthan di gl. quatuor partes noctis, Ml. 95d8 . teora cethramdin huare gl. dodrante, BCr. 25c1 . ind lethbargin ┐ ind cethramtu, Mon. Tall. 151.z . a tri a ceathramthu (of number 12), Auraic. 1448 = cethraime, 3059 . cethrumthu bairgine, Anecd. i 7.24 ( SCano 224 ). in tan rancutar cethrumthi in t-srotha when they were a quarter of the way across, Alex. 679 . maille cethramhuin úaire, RSClára 82a . cethraime fer n-Erenn, RC xvii 416.18 (Tig.). teora cethraimthi fer n-Erenn, xii 426 § 10 . don cethraimthi, § 12 . teora cethramthana (n p.), LL 2027 . nisfuicfe achtmad cethramthain, LB 242b85 ( MS. Mat. 633 ). in c.¤ thérna d'ḟeraib rige [hE.], LL 2034 . ceatrame do dhainibh, BB 37b15 .

(b) Freq. in legal contexts of portions of penalties, produce, etc.: lan ┐ leth, trian ┐ c.¤ , Laws i 258.z . sellach dosli cethramthain feich, 242.3 . ailid cethramthain a thoraid, iv 194.3 . teora cethramna, v 320.22 . t[ri] colp[ta] trín ┐ da cholpthaigh cethraimhe worth (liable for?) one fourth, Ériu xiii 45.13 . cethruimthi ratha, Laws iii 328.16 Comm.

(c) Of the quartered human body: roptís do renga rigthi ┐ do chetramain scaílte ricfaitís úaim dochom in dúnaid your torn limbs, LU 5660 ( TBC-I¹ 1183 ). na n-ágib minta ┐ na cethramthanaib fodalta, TBC-LL¹ 2979 . dorónadh cethramhna comhroinnte díobh they were quartered, AFM v 1676.12 . Note also: do bhúail mé ar mo cheathramhuin = thigh, Jeremiah xxxi 19 . tairfeith, ceathramhan, sliasad, Eg. Gl. 577 .

(d) Of animals: cethraime na muici no da cois na muici fo braghait, Sc.M² 18 R . ní bha bruithi . . . in mucc co indistar fir cacha ceatramhan dí, BB 262b5 . ceathramha deiridh . . . an ceathramha deiridh eile . . . ceathramha cind . . . in ceathramha eile, Feis Tighe Chonáin 553 . an madra agá mbíonn saoid sáighte 'na cheathramhuin, Párl. na mB. 1787 .

(e) part; district, quarter ; name of a measure of land (see Stud. Celt. i 15 , Manners and Customs i 153 ): isin ceathromain deisceartaig don tig, Ériu v 232.5 . c.¤ Tighi Midchuarta, YBL 419ax . an chethraimhe fa nesa di don chathraigh, AFM vi 2012.18 . dá cheathramhuin féin = to his quarter, Isaiah xlvii 15 . deich mba cacha cethraman, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.104 `quarter of land', Gloss. go ceathramhain Bhaile Bhiataigh, ML 110.2 . See Hog. Onom. Note also: do fhaguibh a mhuinntir ar chethramh san bhaile sin `left his men quartered in that town', Rel. Celt. ii 204.35 . gan cethramh do thabhairt do dhuine ar bioth to spare no one, 194.31 .

(f) As measure of quantity, weight, etc.: deich fichit leathuṅga . . . ┐ deich fichit cethramthan, TBC-I¹ 2231 . ceath- ruma co leit do siucra, Rosa Angl. 312.x . cethramthi n-ōil o cach aithech, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 .

(g) Metr. fourth part of a quatrain, line (see IT iii 128 ): for deriud na cetramthan tusighe, 26.24 . ín ceathramtana mor m̅c Adhumnain so sis, 92 § 139 (see p. 159). sé sillæba ina cethramnaib (of the metre rinnaird), Fél.² vii 11 . amail is cuibhdi comfada a ceathramuna, IGT Metr. Faults § 13 .

(h) In Laws appar. period of four days (cf. cethramad ?): a dligid for cethraimthain, Laws i 144.25 .i. ceithri laithe aicenta, 146.22 Comm. i forba na tri cethraman `the thrice four days', 148.14 Comm. apadh teora cethruimthe, 80.z Comm. dithim cethraman `a delay in pound of four days', 148.y Comm. dia cethraime `on the fourth day', z Comm. Cf. use of cuiced at Laws v 408.3

cindruim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cindruim or dil.ie/9115

Forms: cindrúim

n i and n (already in Ml.), n. (? + druimm, see GOI 192 ) wash-tub : cindrúim gl. alueus (Lat. word used in sense of washpot ), Ml. 78b3 . c.¤ gl. albeus (sic), 126c15 . Of deep part of river: isin chindrummaim .i. hi c.¤ abae, Ml. 78b4 . tar c.¤ srotha S., CCath. 2400 . Of part of the body: claideb crōda iarna cinddruim, TBC-I¹ 3189 ( c.¤ , TBC(C) 2759 ) (`on the back of his head', Faraday 121), cf. claideb . . . fora muin, 3250 .

1 cingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cingid or dil.ie/9131

Forms: cinnid, rocindset, cindis, cingiu, c., cingith, -cing, cinges, cinces, ciṅges, cinnges, cengair, -cengur, cengar, cengmai, cingme, cenggait, cengait, ceṅgait, -cengat, cengta, cengtai, ceṅgtar, cinged, chinged, ro-chiṅged, cindtis, cingsiu, cind-siu, ciṅg, cing, ceingeth, ceis, ceis, ceset, ciasair, cessair, cessed, chessed, ceised, cesead, cesad, cichsi, cichseo, cichis, cichsithear, cicsimiu, cichsit, cichsett, cichsot, cichside, cichsed, cichtis, cechaing, chechaing, ceuchaing, ciuchaing, cheachaing, chighsiom, ciseadh, céimm

v later cinnid ( cinnit, LU 3598 ( SCC 30 ), rocindset, BB 47a15 . cindis, TBC-LL¹ 3777 ). For quality of root vowel see GOI 49 . Ind. pres. 1 s. cingiu, AFM i 330.16 . 3 s. c.¤ , LU 3830 ( SCC 37 ). 5732 . Laws i 10.26 . cingith, LU 6331 . -cing, Bruchst. 121 . Ériu i 122.22 . Rel. cinges, Cáin Ad. 26 . cinces, Ériu xvi 181 § 19 . ciṅges, Thes. ii 253.10 (Stowe Missal). cinnges, LU 8317 ( FB 23 ). Pass. cengair, Laws iii 26.15 . -cengur, i 266.6 . cengar, Auraic. 573 . Anecd. v 26.7 . 1 p. cengmai, ZCP xii 404.10 . Rel. cingme, LU 4704 . 3 p. cenggait, RC xx 138.13 . cengait, LU 6177. 2088 . ceṅgait, TFerbe 238 . -cengat, BB 260a61 . Rel. cengta, Metr. Dinds. ii 40.57 . cengtai, IT i 77.11 . Pass. ceṅgtar, LL 20148 . Impf. 3 s. cinged, Bruchst. 114 . no chinged , LU 8912 . ro-chiṅged, RC xxiv 176.24 . 3 p. no cindtis , Anecd. i 60 § 88 . Impv. 2 s. cingsiu, LU 5182 . cind-siu, TBC-LL¹ 3298 . ciṅg, MU² 51 . cing, O'Cl. 3 s. ceingeth, Thes. ii 248.6 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ro ceis , Rawl. 62b2 (see ZCP xxii 32 ). ? dian ceis , O'Curry 2273 ( Eg. 88, 20b ). Cf. aracae ? ?3 p. dian ceset , Laws iii 20.12 (cf. O'Dav. 505 ). Pass. s. ciasair, Cóic Con. 43.1 = cessair, ZCP xii 362.2 . Impf. 3 s. cessed, Corp. Gen. 282.y . no chessed , LU 6844 . na ro ceised , BB 205a1 . cesead, Todd Nenn. 144.1 . ? cesad, Ériu i 118 § 8 . fut. 2 s. cichsi, YBL 173b51 . SG 80.3 . cichseo, LL 13833 (see GOI 412 , Hull, Language xxiii 423 ). 3 s. cichis, Corp. Gen. 410.7 . LU 10372. 5506 . RC x 224.165 . Pass. cichsithear, O'Cl. 1 p. cicsimiu (leg. -mi, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 492 ), ZCP xii 404.10 . 3 p. cichsit, ZCP xiii 379.3 = cichsett, ZCP iii 463.y . cichsot, Ériu xvi 146.17 . ? Rel. cichside, Corm. 29.16 . Condit. 3 s. cichsed, LU 8298 ( FB 22 ). 8320 (20). 3 p. cichtis (for cichsitis ?), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.1 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. cechaing, Fél. May 22 and passim. ro chechaing , Ériu iv 140.12 . go ceuchaing , Anecd. ii 54.14 v.l. ciuchaing, do cheachaing , O'Cl. Later with f-fut. and s-pret. Cf. chisigh, Ó Bruad. iii 164.11 . chighsiom, Content. xxii 8 . But these forms, as also Vn. ciseadh, IGT Verbs § 71 , may belong to a difft. word. Vn. céimm.

(a) steps, paces, proceeds, goes : ciṅgis C. co mbái etc., TBC-LL¹ 1947 . cechaing Corrgend . . . / co romarb Aed, Metr. Dinds. iv 102.3 . cing mál .i. cémnig . . . innas as dligthechu, LL 24294 ( RC xxvi 16 § 15 ). cechaing iarum C. co ro gab longphort oc Muaid `then he marched and pitched a camp by the Moy', RC xxiv 178.5 . ba C. costadach cindiustair, 282.2 . cingset ina ccath co ffi, Leb. Gab.(i) 216.17 . ín cet bean calma ro chínd / roghabh Banba ri nd(h)ilind (of Cesair), BB 22a11 . Cf. mōr līach rocēstar int ṡlūaig, Bruchst. 103 ( ro cecht ar an tsluaigh, AFM i 480.14 ). cingit, Auraic. 1287 .

(b) With Vn. céim in figura etymologica: cechaing céim as dírgu (of a saint), Fél. Mar. 20 . a Eochaid . . . arafolmaider ardchricha Cuind ciṅg ceim, Corp. Gen. 80.3 . rochinset a céim curad trod their victorious way, LL 14985 (`covenanted his chief champions', MacCarthy 178.9 = rocindset, BB 47a15 ).

With other nouns: cichis reím roirge ind rig, RC x 224.165 . mairg cingis in rēim rod-sain, ZCP vi 265 § 15 . fri cétchesad na conaire cengait (glossed tiagait), LU 2088 ( FA 15 ). conair cinnius in muadmacaem `wherefore does . . . come', MR 292.y . conad aire sin ro chinnesdair sin an treas lem luthmar lan-edrum, LL 410a13 . fichtibh curach / cechuing trichait / troichet cíabhat (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 194 § 4 . cingis treabh Iūda . . . / in sēt n-ingantach, RC xxxvii 347 § 43 . Cland maic Cairne, cengta róe `who stride through the battle-field', Metr. Dinds. ii 40.57 = ceṅgtar, LL 2014 = ceang do rói, O'Cl. (cf. Hermathena xiv 471 ). déca a chairptiu cinnit glend, LU 3598 ( SCC 30 ). ra chindsem ceird comdana (Fer Diad to Cú Chulainn), TBC-LL¹ 3543 . cechaing thondaig tresaigh maghain mongaigh rónaigh (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 197.5 .

(c) With prepp.: ceingeth ass, Thes. ii 248.6 . cach mac ina chinaid / c.¤ ar chel dies, Laws i 10.26 . c.¤ iarom for rindriis na mbera amal én, LU 5732 . Fear fí for caei cengustar, BB 380b9 . co Críst cechaing sathe (of saints), Fél. Jan. 25 . July 23 . co cóic sétu cingit, Laws iv 340.z . cechaing de sin D., Anecd. i 58 § 68 . de ilṡlúagaib cengat, LU 5476 = cengad, TBC-I¹ 999 . cengat cen chomfoirbb don chathrōi `let them march', Ériu vi 122 § 12 . nír chiṅg din tress, TBC-LL¹ 4047 . ro cingset [do]cum na sruth, CCath. 2573 . caidhe an sról do chinn fad chorp `that girt thy body', A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 7 . cech bradan . . . no chindedh suas frisin coraid, RC xxvi 136.27 . mo dá brattán cen terbba / cengta fri srotha sirti, Trip.² 1286 . diambad mé nochinged ind `when I was wont to wander thither', Metr. Dinds. iii 314.1 . cechaing 'sin báig / i ndáil dígla (of woman warrior), 184.24 . cechaing dias isan mag-sin, Anecd. i 53 § 25 . cingthe secha `he went past them', ZCP iii 212 § 24 . cingset seach tuind crichi / Frangcu, Todd Nenn. 132.9 . cichse a Temair tar fert a fert fogamraig, SG 79.w . cíndit tar cuan fatultaibh, IT iii 91.y . a arrad na holloirbe / tresacing cach caidh which all the pure climb (of Mary), Ériu i 122.22 .

With adverbs and adv. phrases: cechaing súas, Fél. Oct. 9 . cengsat na coin na díaidh (after a pig), Dinds. 74 ( RC xv 474 ). cengsat siar `they fared westward', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . no cinged . . . fot n-aurchora on cathraig, LU 9136 ( FB 88 ).

(d) overcomes, surpasses, excels, exceeds, etc.: flaith fīal Finne / ro das cinne Níal cían Caille `overcame them', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 ( LL 23658 ). cruimther cluana cáidh ro cinn excelled, SG 25.12 . Usually with prepp.: a mathuir na firinne / rocindis ar cach, Ériu i 122.16 . is é Crimthand chinnes ar cách / co fáth fuilech, LL 6468 ( dar cāch, RC xxxvi 263 § 18 ). ar cosnumh creach / cinnidh ar taoisech gach tuaithe, Magauran 3488 . ceand na ttreabh, treabh ar nār cind[e]adh dwelling never surpassed (of Heaven), ZCP xiii 13.25 . tigerna chinnes ar Dubán, CF² 1105 . a Dhé, go gcinnear orra, Measgra D. 78.12 . ro chinn an t-iolar ar uathadh the many defeated the few, AFM iv 996.15 . dias do Gaidilaib . . . do chind . . . do chach uli, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 . Corbbán, rochind for crábud `surpassing in piety', Metr. Dinds. iv 340.13 . ar chleith gCláire nír cinneadh / ar áille deich ndoinningean `unsurpassed for the beauty' (of chieftain), Magauran 4141 . cinnid for cach comlann `obtains the victory in every battle', MR 54.7 . ro chindsetar ar mnáib Eirenn a ndruineachus, Acall. 7311 . co ro cinnset a ccoimhrith foraiph (of horses racing), BNnÉ 325.32 . ra chind ar a chomdinib / im gáis im gasced im gart, TFerbe 641 . ri caisil do chínd os cach, BB 270a16 . Caiseal do chind os gach cind, 19. dochinn . . . tar gach aon, IT ii2 151.770 . ro chinned . . . dar triath bhuidnib togaidi in talman, MR 114.y . don chia rocing tar gach māl (.i. don fer do chēimnig tar gach file), ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.).

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