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sruith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sruith or dil.ie/38847

 

adj i

I As adj. old, senior, venerable, to be revered, honoured, esteemed . Usually of persons: epscop Sanctān Sanctán (sic leg.?) s.¤ , Hy. vi 21 ( Thes. ii 353 ). farácaib epscop C. and ┐ aes s.¤ día muintir . . . ┐ martra sruithi tucc leis tar muir, Trip.² 2115 . cen imcomet aesa s.¤ `persons of dignity', Laws iii 510.2 . ciato chomshruithi `although they are both venerable' (Gloss.), Críth G. 493 . Sáríal s.¤ , KMMisc. 254.13 . cleireach s.¤ sen, Anecd. i 70 § 172 . ar gach senōir s.¤ , ACL iii 232.11 . robdar saera robdur sruithi, Ériu vii 242.5 . epscop Hērenn ┐ sacart, | sruithe sāmtait, ACL iii 303 § 13 . a Rí sh.¤ , Dán Dé xxix 31 . Other applications: is s.¤ ind airm indid epiur `venerable is the place', Wb. 4b26 . fēil s.¤ a principal feast-day, Mon. Tall. 22(135.1) . in litha sruthi `high festivals', Rule of Tallaght 74 § 39 . ba cáid, ba s.¤ . . . a lá-sa (of Sunday), Ériu ii 196 § 14 . foracaib Patraic reilgi sruithiu i lLecain Midi venerable relics, Trip.² 893 . ? na saire sruithe, Laws i 12.17 . is ferr síd sochocad s.¤ , Ériu ix 47 § 18 .

Compar. sruithiu gl. antiquior, Ml. 59d5 . nimbói ní bed sruithiu dara dochtaised `He had nothing nobler to swear by', 78a4 . ni longe co longe céle dé remut nó fer fas (= bas) sruithiu, Thes. ii 258.32 . cía de as sru[i]thiu, in ríi fa thúath? Críth G. 492 . triar . . . nad ailet fuillem a n-airm . . . are (= air is) sruithiu di-suidib a ngobol-lorgga olldate a n-airm `are more valuable to them', Laws v 420.10 . cenn caich iar nduinib . . . besid sruithe, besid nuaisliu who is greater in dignity than he, ii 278.22 .i. i naicniud, 280.12 Comm . ar isruithe beo bethu tortha `for saved provisions are more precious than growing grass', iv 78.5 .i. ar is uaisle, etc., z Comm . sruithe daon diobhadh, 246.14 .i. is uaisle, etc., 20 Comm . cid arfaoma . . . cobsen neich bess siniu nó bess sruithe indas, Mon. Tall. 79 (160.17) . fobith isuidiu (leg. is sruithiu, Edd.) rombói M. quam S.¤ , 61 (150.9) . ni ro-genir mac mna . . . is [s]ruthi oltas Eoin, PH 884 . Superl.: co lan log einech bes sruithem (text?), Laws ii 404.18 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 72 f . ). do neoch ba sruitheam . . . ina churad of the most senior of the warriors, TBC-I¹ 490 = ba sruthem . . . inna caurad, LU 4979 . in tan ba sruithem ┐ ba fír-aesta he, LB 123b2 = BB 244a15 . sruit[h]em aicdi `most venerable of structures' (name of Ogam letter oir), Auraic. 5602 . conidh arai as [s]ruitheamh cach mur in mur sin, BB 349a25 . is ed . . . is sruitium bioas fort mes (of food), RC xii 64 § 29 . idhedh . . . ailm . . . is sruithe . . . in dedi sin (the vowels a and i, which respectively begin and end the vowel series), Auraic. 2798 . in t-inad ba sruithiu . . . las in rig `deemed most commodious', MR 4.14 .

Adv. co soinmhech co s.¤ , LL 386b43 .

II As subst. m. elder, ancestor, reverend person, sage , etc. In Ml. of the fathers of the Old Testament: inna sruithe .i. Moab ┐ Ammon ┐ Essau gl. maiorum `of the ancestors', Ml. 26b16 . 44b35 . sruthi na fetarlaice .i. Abraam ┐ Isac `elders', 31d11 . inna sruithe gl. patrum, 44b34 . indate mu sruthi `than my ancestors', 88d1 . a sruthe gl. maiorum suorum, 119b11 . ar srutheni, 122d3 . di ar sruithib, 125a13 . lasna sruithi gl. cum maioribus, 128d5 . inna sruthe gl. ueterum, 133c3 . in s.¤ sean Pol, Fél. Prol. 97 n . togairm Semeoin srotha `of S. the sage', Jan. 5 . cóemaite ar srotha, Aug. 24 . rom-shnáidet mo shruithi `may my elders protect me', Ep. 47 . da bairghin for mes srotha `two loaves on the dish (?) of the master (the sick man) (?)', Ériu xii 22 § 27 (BCrólige, see notes). im trefet tigi srotha `of a chief's house', Laws i 126.6 . ? ara naisc finnsruth (-sruith?) findtigha, iv 38.10 .i. is e in s.¤ taitnemach bis, 40.3 Comm . finnsruth fine .i. . . . sruth taithnemach na fine, v 442.6 Comm . Cf. s.¤ fer finntiu `noble is the tribe-land', v 462.1 . C. . . . abatissa tighe sruithe Cille daro abbess of the house of the seniors, AU i 278.9 . T. abbas sruithe Cluana, 298.10 . ? cotombertsa brú sóer | s.¤ dim chlaind comceneoil, LU 8281 ( FB 22 ). misse Fintan Find mac Bochra . . . am s.¤ uasal hÉrend, LL 4b25 . i[s] s.¤ dún a saintly man approaches, Irish Texts i 34.29 . am sruit[h] do Dia mar, ol C., iv 17.24 . étiud bān bēsaib srotha `after the fashion of an elder', Ériu ii 66 § 13 . sruthi ┐ senoire noema, PH 2 . sruthi na petarlaicthi .i. Abram ┐ Isác ┐ Iacop, 7871 . sruithi ┐ seanatoraigh na cathrach elders and senators, CCath. 771 . a mo sh.¤ reverend sir, Lism. L. 2022 . do choimhthionól sruitheadh, Ériu v 92.6 . éanghrádh sruitheadh is seannaomh, Aithd. D. 75.44 . s.¤ .i. eagnaid, Lec. Gl. 317 , cf. M 129 .

Compds. ¤athair: sruith athir gl. patronus, Sg. 12b3 . ¤ ecna: senior sruith-ecna (sic leg.) an old man venerable in wisdom, BCC 392.16 . ¤máthair matron: i n-araili sruth-mathair soicheneoil isin Roim, CCath. 1059 . ? ¤recht: soirche sruithreacht `licht war das Gesetz des Alten', Snedg. u. Mac R 11 § 37 . ¤shenóir: gabaid in sruithsenoir (sic leg.) noem oc a forcetul, PH 245 .