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áer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áer or dil.ie/633
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áir, aor, haire, æra, áera, aír, áer

n ā, f. n s. áir, Wb. 16a24 . aor, Corm. Y 606 . g s. na haire , Laws iii 92.15 . æra (: Oeda), Anecd. i 4.1 . a p. áera, Fél. Nov. 8 . aír f., IGT Decl. § 115 . áer m., § 96 .

(a) cutting, incising: in air a primroit . . . in air a forroit, Laws iii 306.16 Comm. = i n-aeradh a prím-róit, O'D. 2017 ( Eg. 90 f. 15(16)d ).

(b) act of satirising, lampooning, defaming; (maledictory) satire, lampoon (for meanings (a) and (b) cf. rindad. On the procedure in general see Jn. Celt. Stud. i 199 ff. ). iss ed lóg [a] enech dia aír, Críth G. 25 . atait secht cinela aire la Feine as a miditer dire, Laws v 228.25 . áer .i. ata v cenela aire, O'Curry 807 ( H 3.18, p. 373b ). lan neineclainne du cach duine . . . ina lanair, ┐ . . . da manchaibh . . . ina lanair na heclaisi bunaidh, O'D. 2310 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 31b ). ba-sa maith frim aír / basa ferr fri molad, LU 9337 . dede nad carann duine / a aor ┐ a ghuidhe, ZCP vii 298.6 . [taisic a] dhat dia aoir antair aighidh [gach air]gid act go nguaire glantair, Ériu xiii 13.5 `[it] recovers its colour if it be blemished by satire / the face of every silver provided it be polished with a bristle', Watkins, Ériu xix 117. 18-19 . ata eolus iongnadh lasna filedhoibh .i. áor go ndath molta ┐ moladh go ndath áoire, xiii 14.18 . cis lir fodla aire . . . tri .i. aisnes ┐ ail ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). doniad son . . . tri haera disi co ro facaibsit tri bolga for a gruaidib, RC xxiv 278 § 15 . no fhasad ainim don air in tan sin, LB 238d marg. inf. abcan ... / ... / docer la hOengus cen ail / i n-áir Midir morglonnaig because he satirised M., LL 1371 . de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha, TBC-LL¹ 3023 . is móo ba óer oldás ba molad do Patraic amal nochanad, Trip.² 2916 . ní ticc dia ēissi bu duilge āer no molad, MacCongl. 9.5 . díoth don mholadh, olc don aoir / bás Aonghusa mheic Amhlaoibh, DDána 73.19 . file ré haoir nó ré hadhmholadh do dhéanamh, Keat. ii 5335 . ní breis aoire ná oile / acht breis uaisle is ionmhaine, Ó Bruad. ii 238.7 . Múscruidhe gan aoir `the M. without reproach', Keat. ii 4171 .

On the use of satire as a legal weapon to enforce claims and demands, just and unjust, see Críth G. p. 69 ; V. SS. Hib. pp. cii-ciii . Note also the follg. passages: cid fodera breth do breith a deda dun filid? . . . is e doni a molad dligteach do gach grad ┐ is e taidbeas a seodu eigni doib amuig i fail tincaidter renda aer ┐ na tincaiter renda airm, Laws v 12.21 Comm. iar napad dleghar an áir do denom don tí na tabair fecht feile don fili, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, p. 207 ). ni dlegar aír do denumh um foichligi sétt, O'Curry 371 ( H 3.18, p. 207 ). in file . . . do ni air indligthech, Laws i 58.18 Comm. dia fhélltair form' fiachaib filid dia n-air ┐ glaim n-dicind . . . minamtísat mo fhéich, MacCongl. 45.z . fuabrais troscud fa chétōir for Brēnaind .i. glámadh digcenn ┐ aera do dhēnum dó, ACL iii 4.31 . fáitte M. na drúith ┐ na glámma . . . ar con derntáis téor[a] ǽra fossaigthe dó, TBC-LL¹ 3018 . fiarfaigis . . . cia díre doberar i n-ainmedh ┐ i n-aoír a chionta, Ériu xiii 46.17 . áora ní díghaltas damh / fírolcas Áodha an t-adhbar, IGT Decl. ex. 1847 . grísadh a ghrúadh cáomh crithreach / manúar dob áor aindlightheach, ex. 1720 .

As n.pr. Aer ┐ Aithis, Anecd. ii 63.1 .

1 airbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airbe or dil.ie/1609
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Airbiu

vn. of ar-fen. io, [n.] d s. Airbiu, LL 14067 . Later f. (often as dental stem) oirbe, IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) hedge, fence, paling: ní bíd clad na hairbi na caissle im thír, LU 10568 . cūaille airbed inna lāim, Cáin Ad. § 3 . dogníther cuairt nairbed uime, Thr. Ir. Gl. 22.29 = d'imbe, Corm. Y 674 . teit C. . . . ┐ ataig a thraig fri airrbe, LL 14115 . bla cuaille airbi, Laws iii 290.10 . caithe tar a.¤ , iv 124.z Comm. teit tar airbid do saigid feoir aili, 110.27 Comm. aithgin na n-aile ┐ na n-a.¤ ón macc, i 98.8 Comm. re hoiledaib ┐ re hairbedaibh, iii 186.2 Comm. ailedha ┐ airbedha, O'Dav. 281 . cith . . . cor bris gach oirbi i tarla, RC xviii 151.3 (Tig.). a tighe ┐ a airbeadha, AFM ii 652.3 . co ndernsat daingen airbhe etorra ┐ a namhaitt, vi 2220.17 . a.¤ druad druidic hedge, name of some magic obstruction to keep off an enemy (see TTr. p. 129 , V. SS. Hib. i clxi ): co raeirgatar a n-airbeda drúad impu, LL 239a47 ( TTr. 1672 ). F. . . . as é do righne ind erbhe ndruadh do Diarmait, AFM i 194.11 . Fig. a a.¤ ibair ` yew fence ' (term of reproach addr. to a person), Bruchst. i 27 § 60 . Mathias tend eirbe, Gorm. Jan. 30 . Of a shield: gur bo hoirbhe tréitholl . . . an tromsgiath don toinnseamh sin, ML 88.17 . Cf. tolla. (1 toll).

(b) Various applications. pen for animals: acht bid o lias no a.¤ adriastar a laegh `provided it be in . . . a pen her calf is tied', Laws iii 228.7 . tuircc airrbe, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18, 394b ); 'a pen-reared(?) boar' EIF 85 . a brog no a lamann do fagbail don gataid a mbel na ha.¤ , 2427 ( Eg. 88, 33(34)d ). maic becca doairchellat bó ┐ cethra olchena im airbhetha `within their pens', Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ruba lín in fiada .i. cosa in lín .i. osairbe . . . .i. fer benas ruba lin i tír a chéli cin athchomarc .i. . . . in a.¤ (of catching game by driving it into a space enclosed by a deer-fence), O'Dav. 1366 . le hosnaduibh elbhadh / a n-orsanaibh oirbedh, IGT Decl. ex. 156 . Of the ribs of the body: airbhe .i. asna, O'Cl. co ndrochradar . . . doid fri dóid . . . ┐ airbhi fri hairbhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 381 n.6 . acc aicsin a airrbhi bháin / forsan tráigh ós Aingi uair, AFM i 480.15 . a dá a.¤ `his two ribs', Metr. Dinds. iii 372.87 . toidet . . . a.¤ in mīl mhōir, Ériu ii 124 § 71 . Of fighting-men phalanx, serried rank: cenmotha na ha.¤ mora Maicedondai, Alex. 43 . athe regdai a n-airrbe friu, Rawl. 83b12 (= airbre, Ériu vi 121.z ). crothais A. a.¤ īath nEthomuin, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 3 ( Rawl. 116c 13 ). na hairbheda órarmacha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.10 . ag taobscannradh a tiugoirbedh `their close-packed files', 67.38 . do dhruim comharc . . . nó togharma an airbhe, L. Cl. A. B. 46.38 . go rabatar na rígcholna ina réidairbedaib ar na raonródaib (description of carnage), Caithr. Thoirdh. 42.6 . fálairbi ferrda . . . Frangc, MR 214.17 . gor ba a.¤ aighbéil anrata iat-sein eturru (of raised weapons), 140.11 . In n.loc. A.¤ Roḟir in Conaille Murthemne, see Walsh, ZCP viii 555 . Dún na nAirbed, LU 399 .

Cf. eirbe.

airtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airtach or dil.ie/2415

Forms: t-erddach

o, n. Later m. in t-erddach, PH 6371 . Vn. of ar-utaing.

(a) act of refreshing, restoring: is irtach dom a airitiu gl. refice viscera mea, Wb. 32a23 . a n-ertach .i. ind usci, Ml. 121b7 . ertaig gl. reficiendi, 118c7 . denaid a herdach `feed her', PH 1998 . irdach .i. frithailemh, O'Curry 1469 ( H 3.18, p. 652 ). ? Of mensal lands: quem agrum dabitis senioribus uestris? responderunt: `erthech', Cod. Sal. 274 (cited Plummer MS. notes, see V. SS. Hib. cxiii n. 11 ).

(b) act of celebrating; festival, ceremony: dul do erdduch na n-idpart, SR 4600 . lúgnasad . . . .i. aurtach no cluiche Loga . . . nofertha lais um thaide fogamair, Corm. 26.4 . urtach sollomain, Laws iii 18.17 .i. caisc no notlaic, 24 Comm. in fírén huasal . . . día ta a.¤ i n-ecmong na réa se, Trip.² 2022 . fēili Rīg na fīrinne . . . a n-ertach is cet, ZCP xiii 28.10 . irdac na casg, n.24 . dligid in sollamain-si a hanoir ┐ a herdach, PH 3598 . tri herdaige dlegar do denum i sollamnaib, 6370 . co mbadh usaide a erdach ┐ a onóir, AFM ii 1084.16 . ba erdath ┐ ba lith mor la colum Cille ann dogres `a great festivity and merrymaking', Mon. Tall. 156.7 (§ 68) . erdach na Samhna, Hugh Roe 298.z (fo. 78b) . aurtag . . . .i. fēle, O'Mulc. 60 . eardach .i. fésda nó sollamain, O'Cl.

amrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amrae or dil.ie/3201

Forms: ambra, amhra, ánradh, aimhre

adj I io, iā. ambra: cadla, LL 4891 . amhra: ánradh, O'R. Poems 3152 (see notes); : anma, DDána 13.5 . aimhre: hAilbhe, AFM i 174.5 . See Ó Máille, Ériu x 158 . wonderful, marvellous, extraordinary: a.¤ ō uerbo ammiror .i. adamraigim, O'Mulc. 40 . Freq. glossed by maith: amra .i. maith nó mirbail nó imat nó iṅgnad, Lec. Gl. 88 . ateoch ríg n-amra n-aiṅgel (.i. maith no mirabilis), Thes. ii 350.14 . amra .i. bona, 328.31 . Also Ériu xiii 63 § 25 ( .i. fír, 64 § 41 ), O'Cl. Hence of advice: comarli amra, MU² 183 . Dánfhocail 230 . Of a person: in mac a.¤ airdirc, Trip.² 2670 . bid amre in mac, LU 10919 . fri clainn n-amrai n-Israhél, SR 4186 . abb Irarda a.¤ , Fél. Feb. 8 . á rí úasail amri, Ep. 462. la cét martir ṅa.¤ , July 4 . maccáem . . . amra alaind tu, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . ba fhaidh amra `wondrous prophet', RC xxiv 194.4 . Of a place: airecol a.¤ , LU 11023 . suid[igud] ard a.¤ / tige túathaic[h] Temra, ZCP viii 108.10 . Of things: fertae amrai ili many wonderful miracles, Fél. Ep. 175 . mind amra, Cog. 30.16 . is amre lim rad ṅdé lib I am pleased, Wb. 7d3 . amre liumsa, 14a34 . Equative: coich boi . . . badid [n]amradair (amridir, amrathir, adamruigter, v.l.) .i. bad comhuasal fri C., ACC 65 ( RC xx 260 ). badad namhradhar, Blathm. 740 . nī tharla celtair talmain / dar dúil badit n-amraither (sic leg., GOI § 368 ; -rathor MS) `anything so marvellous', Fianaig. 14 § 31 . Compar. ní fil i n-Ére óclaig bas amru, LU 4861 (TBC). amru feraib, 3641 ( SCC 31 ). ní bu amru ro-cloth dó something (even) more extraordinary was heard of him, MU² 940 `not more to his glory was it heard of him', Gloss. mad amru imres slega, Ériu iv 98 § 26 . Superl. ri side as amram tic Erind, YBL 136a18 . can assa iarthur . . . ass amram forcan a gial[l]aigecht ? Ériu iv 162 § 24 .

As subst. wonderful person: is int a.¤ Ithidún, SR 4192 . i cath Charmain cetaib cend / i mbatar amrai Herend, LL 2283 . dia n-amraib `of their famous men', Metr. Dinds. iv 98.93 .

II Subst. io, [n.]

(a) a wonderful thing, wonder, marvel: imforlinged mór namri de gl. a great wonder has resulted therefrom, Wb. 15d21 . mór namri, 13a33 . dind amru durigeni dia erib, Ml. 67b17 . már ní son .i. di amru, 17a10 . boí már de amru inna flaith many wonders, LU 10115 . tri ha.¤ Glinne Dalláin . . . tri ha.¤ Connacht, Triads 236 - 237 . samlai / . . . do maic amhrai (= macamrai), Blathm. 26 (see note). Common with follg. gen. indicating what is wonderful e.g. amra tíre a wonderful country, IT i 133.2 . ba a.¤ retha `a wondrous course', Thes. ii 311.1 ( Hy. ii ). a.¤ maitne wonderful morning (of a battle), TBC-LL¹ 4973 . a.¤ (n-)a.¤ used as an exclamation: a.¤ n-a.¤ ol in slúag wonder of wonders, BDD² 165 . tucaid mo shéotu damsa . . . a.¤! a.¤! ol cách, TBFr. 290 . a.¤ bríg (bríge) used ironically: amra brīgi soin . . . acht ropom airdricse that is of little account provided I become famous, TBC-I¹ 571 . amra bríg can co rabur acht oen lá ┐ oen adaig ar bith, TBC-LL¹ 1111 . Perhaps in literal sense: amra brígaib, bág n-uide / sám fri sídaib sám-chuire a great wonder, a traveller's tale, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.15 .

(b) miracle: Brigtæ ba hóen a amra, Thes. ii 338.5 (Hy. v) .i. do ḟertaib Brigte, z. ba mó amru arailiu / din chloich dorigne saland, 338.1 (ib.). amhra .i. firt, Ériu xiii 79 § 252 .

(c) vision: amhra .i. aisling, O'Cl. ni chreiti[r]-sium físi na hamra na haislingi, TTebe 622 . lá dár chodailsion . . . dochí amhra, Arch. Hib. i 83 § ii . spirut a ffidhair amra ┐ aislinge, Fl. Earls 192.24 . amhra do chailg mo chridhe, / mairg re dtarla ar dtaidhbhse-ne, Dánta Gr. 44.3 . an tusa an bhean do bhí sunn / aréir tre amhra agum?, TD 40.1 .

(d) eulogy. In titles of poems etc.: A.¤ Choluimb Chille, RC xx 30 . A.¤ Chonrói, Ériu ii 1 . A.¤ Senáin, ZCP iii 222 , etc. Note also: in t-ámrad Senāin, ZCP iii 225.3 . sreath . . . rann d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh `of eulogistic quatrains fit for an assembly', Ériu ix 163 § 5 . `As these poems were used as `path protections' ( V. SS. Hib. i clxxix ) a.¤ comes to have the meaning charm, cf. Hyde, Abhráin diadha i 353 ', Plummer MS notes. See 2 amrath.

athláech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athláech or dil.ie/4801

Forms: asp̄, aspail

n (láech)

(a) ex-layman, one who has become a cleric (presum. at a later age than the normal) = conuersus monachus, V. SS. Hib. ii 249 § xxi etc.; relaicus, 308 § xlvii . athlaoch bói hi comaidecht meic bethad, Mon. Tall. 127.4 (§ 1) . athláich ┐ laichessa, SR 4386 . arra na n-a.¤ ┐ na n-athlaeiches, RC xv 488 § 8 `former lay men and women', Ériu xix 61 . a.¤ do muintir Phátraic, Acall. 2351 . aes aithrigi .i. athlaich ┐ ailithrigh, O'D. 918 (H 3.17, c. 654). fiadnaise boairech no miccléirigh no athlaich craibtigh, 620 (H 3.17, c. 461/2). athlaich fristongat dia pecthaib former laymen who renounce their sins, Laws v 420.15 Comm. araile a.¤ truag, Fél. 10.1 . amail ba bés do athloechaib, 8.3 . gebid mor d'athlechaib (sic) / oppuid mor d'ecnaigib, Lec. 170vb44 . Follg. seem to indicate that the a.¤ was barred from certain eccles. offices: teora cloena di (i.e. the Church), athloech eccraibech ina airchindecht, H 3.17 c. 855.10 . tri hurgoírt hecalsa cailleach fri clog a.¤ ína h-abdhaine . . ., BB 66a5 . ba ha.¤ i cathair n-espuic (asp̄, MS. leg. aspail?), MacCongl. 73.15 .

Of specific persons: it he tri haithlaich Eirenn .i. Énna Áirne ┐ Colmán mac Léneni ┐ Mochammóc Inse Celtra. Cethramad athlaech epscop Erc hi Slane Maige Breg, Anecd. iii 60.19 . eirg cossin n-a.¤ fil issind insi .i. Becan, LL 358 marg. 17 . tri athlaich Erenn .i. Becán etc., Fél. 112 § 5 . Fergail, primathlaech togaidhe, AU ii 82.22 . Maolseachloinn Ua Faoláin, athlaoch tocchaidhe, AFM ii 924.y .

(b) Other applications: adláig bite oc pennit in æclesiís gl. contemptibiles qui sunt in aeclesia, Wb. 9c11 i.e. the sinners who were excluded from the church community between Ash Wednesday and Maundy Thursday, see Celtica iii 261 . an t-ógán, an fear, an seanóir ┐ an t-athlaoch very old man, TSh. 7631 . an t-athláoch nách féadann an t-arm d'iomchar former warrior , Párl. na mB. 3702 . mar inadh oirissimh . . . d'athlaochaibh . . . ┐ do sen-saighdiūirip, Fl. Earls 244.14 .

athnúadaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athnúadaige or dil.ie/4842

n (cf. athnuigid) g s. newness, renewal: do raidh Brenainn fria a muinntir toidhecht lais dochum shasaidh corporda (sic leg. , ed.) . . . ┐ docum na hathnuadhaighe, BNnÉ 51 § 38 = eamus ad refectionem . . . et ad mandatum nouum, V. SS. Hib. i 106 .

bardán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bardán or dil.ie/5409

n (? bard) name of Ciarán's bell: ro labhair in clocc .i. an bardan Ciarain, BNnÉ 113 § 1 . 103 § 4 . Cf. quod cymbalum barthanus Kyarani uocatur, V. SS. Hib. i 218. iv . ? an cluigín . . . barcán (sic) Chiaráin, SG 3.3 .

béicced

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béicced or dil.ie/5547

vn. of béiccid. act of shouting, crying out, roaring, etc.: dul fo eghem ┐ beciud cry (of distress, `i.e. following the hue and cry', Plummer MS. notes), Anecd. iii 22.7 . ēgem . . . .i. capra .i. béced doni bleating, Corm. Y 542. na denad beicida `let him not . . . shout', Rosa Angl. 242.18 . ro-ss-lēic [in leac oigridh] bēiceadh . . . ōs aird, Fl. Earls 56.18 . gol-gháire, búdhaire, béiceadh (of sounds of lamentation), TSh. 6539. In compds.: co closs in bladhbhéced sin ilmílti for cach leth `loud clamour' (of a trumpet), Stair Erc. 174. la torrainnbeicedh a ttrompadh ┐ a ttapúr `loud braying' (Gloss.), Hugh Roe² 176.x . ro clos búireadh-bhéiceadh na mbóthainteadh, AFM vi 2016.15 .

biait

Cite this: eDIL s.v. biait or dil.ie/5826

n f. (Lat. beati)

(a) Of the 8 beatitudes , Matthew v 3 - 10 : ropridchai . . . .uiii. biate euangelii doib, Thes. ii 330.10 (Hy. v Comm.). doraiga cach ai dib a b.¤ `each of them chose her beatitude', 11 . ro pritcha Ísu na biaiti aile iar n-urd cusin ochtmad mb.¤ .i. co b.¤ in ingrema, PH 1619 - 20 . ocht mbiati (mbiete, 117.1) int soscēla, MacCongl. 51.7 . intí chomalnas na bieitiso, Ériu xxiii 14.131 .

(b) Of Psalms cxviii (Beati immaculati etc.) used as a ritual form of prayer and intercession; see Lism. L. p. 406 , V. SS. Hib. clxxix n.2 . beatus uir resin beat ┐ in biat ┐ exultabo te deus meus `before the Beati (Ps. 118) and the Beati and Exaltabo ...', Hib. Min. 6.193 . (metr. disyll.) cet slechtain do fri biat, Ériu i 193 § 3a . do beir in biat anmain a hiffurn hi cind bliadna, Rawl. 75a40 . līn fers na biate in sein gl. sechmoga sē passe ar chēt, ZCP iii 20 n.5 . sirgabail na biaide ┐ cantaci Maire .i. magnificat , Mon. Tall. 127.3 . gaibti seom tra teora biadi . . . biad cech cáocad `three Beati . . . a Beati to each fifty' (psalms), 129.8.9 . biad iarmergi iarum ┐ magnificat lee `then the Beati of nocturns, and along with it the Magnificat', Mon. Tall. 131.3 . nodlēice . . . for gabāil a hēcnarca .i. secht ṁbiate cech lāi leis [┐] cēt slēchtain [7] na trī chōicait cech lái leis, KMMisc. 210 § 4. ag rádh tri caibdel don Biaid, Lism. L. 1095. ig gabhail a Bhiaide, 4846 . in bíait cech dia ar m'anmainse, LL 36272. cid as mō dot-tessairc . . . in b.¤ or sisi, KMMisc. 212 § 5. ag binnghabháil a bíáidæ, Ériu v 86.17 .

In phr. bélre (bérla) bán b.¤ (also with bias, cf. beatus ? Later taken as fut. rel. of attá) `the pure language of the Beati', Celtica v 84 § 8 , i.e. Latin; usually of scriptural law or canon (orig. breth bélri báin b.¤ ), see MacNeill, Law of Status ( PRIA xxxvi C 16 (1923) 277 n. 5 ), Mac Cana, Stud. Celt. v 67. Somet. in shortened form bélre mbán: berla ban bias .i. recht litre, Laws i 16.4 Comm. do aircechnadur do icfa in berla mban mbiaid .i. canoin, O'Curry 758 (H. 3.18, 358b), cf. bélre bán biaid . . . .i. . . . in fírbérla bias iardain .i. in légenn, O'Dav. 711. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain bias, Laws v 92.17 . doridnacht recht bérlai báin / do Moyse, Ériu iv 136.7 . do fir in berlai buain .i. inna canoni náimi, RC vi 165.14 . In blessings: tria mberla mbán bendachais gach ndámh do (= dá) cheile, Anecd. i 72 § 193. beirsi let a gille glain / mo biait is mo bhennachtain, Reeves Ad. 287.10 . See bélrae.

1 bile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bile or dil.ie/5885

Forms: Bili

n io

(a) (large) tree; tree-trunk (?): b.¤ ` mast or tree ', P. O'C. fo b.¤ = sub arbore, Lat. Lives 30.12 . b.¤ n-orda, ZCP xx 219 § 6 . óen na primbili bís for faidchi primdúni one of the chief trees, LL 9122 (TBC). re hén ic ergi ós carr b.¤ , MR 300.11 . guth eoin bhinn do bhilibh, Ériu v 54.23 . tuitfit caora in bh.¤ bharrghlain (of the Yew of the Saints), SG 24.27 . b.¤ díghainn doislethan, SG 68.28 . gaithi burbi . . . ic brissiud barr ┐ biled, LL 32194 ( TTr. 1383 ). b.¤ feada `ancient tree' (as landmark), Laws iv 142.19 Comm. is bilida itad isan fhaicthi sea, 196.3 Comm. i bParrthas na mbileadh dtoirtheach, DDána 31.7 . b.¤ do thabhairt ar an gcrann mhór bhíos ar an mágh, Eochairsg. 8.34 . da chenel .lxx. do ceolaib concanad a b.¤ ┐ a blaith `its leaves' (perh. tree i.e. trunk and branches, as opposed to foliage and blossoms, but cf. bileóc), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . 'na bili trī ngablān ngeal (of the Trinity), ACL iii 242 § 13. (of Temair) ba dind n-ordnide . . . / ba borg-b.¤ `a castle like a trunk', Metr. Dinds. i 28.14 . (to the Cross) a bh. suairc dosghlan dlúith, DDána 2.11 . b.¤ barr-úr na beatha, TSh. 588. (of a family tree) as tú fréamha is bláth an bh.¤ `thou art the roots and flower of the tree', SGS iv 60 § 1.

Esp. ancient and venerated tree (see V.SS.Hib. clii-clv and O'Don. Suppl. s.v. bile): Eó Rossa. ┐ Eó Mugna ┐ Bili Da Thi ┐ Craeb Uisnig ┐ Bili Tortan. coic crand sin, LL 27646 ( Dinds. 160 ). unnius im Craeb Belaig Da Thi . . . in filid . . . . . . ┐ is uad ainmnigther Fir B., 27685 . Bili Tortan . . . ┐ Bili hUissnig, Ériu iv 150 § 29. (of the three famous trees of Ireland) ba hinmain na biledha / le claind comramaigh caem-C., ZCP v 22 § 4. ag bualadh b.¤ Themhrach, SG 68.38 . B. Aonaigh Maighe hAdhar, AFM ii 714.3 . co rothescsat a biledha (i.e. inauguration trees), AU ii 84.21 . B. Nathaben i tirib Ebrae (from its branches the shaft of the Cross was made), Ériu ii 118 § 53. fo bun in bili būadha magical tree (?), sacred tree (?), ZCP v 22 § 7. ar barr in b.¤ buada, MR 234.12 . na tri fiaich . . . cor'turrnsatar in ṁb. ṁbúada do bói ar in faichthe, Acall. 7059.

With defining gen. of trees of difft. genera: bili cuill hazel tree, Lism. L. 2387. bili giuis, Aen. 173.

(b) Transfd. scion, hero: na se bh.¤ , LL 394.10 . bíth in find-b.¤ `noble warrior', Metr. Dinds. iii 94.23 . Mael-Sechlainn . . . / bili Banba, barr Gaedhel `prop of B.', MacCarthy 424.14 . brass b.¤ , Auraic. 5158. ō b.¤ lāomdha Lemhna `hero', Ériu ix 177 § 6. (of Christ) a b.¤ an betha, Hib. Min. 43.10 . a bhean cheinnbhileadh Chrúachan `chief scions' (Notes), O'R. Poems 2700. ar mbuili (: uile), SR 150. in b.¤ buada bisig, SG 388.7 . righ Connacht . . . / ni b.¤ cen bithbuada, BB 268a2 . As n.pr. m. Bili, Corp. Gen. 199 note 6.

In nn. loc.: B. Methes, Corp. Gen. 89.26 . Fothairt B., 82.25 . Findbarr Maige Bili, Fél. Sept. 10. sech bun Baile in B., LL 10307. ? tar firu bile, BColm. 30.21 .

1 bráigdech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bráigdech or dil.ie/6495

Forms: braigdech

n ā, f. (1 brága) horse-collar, halter: braigdech gl. camus, Ir. Gl. 444. ádbar . . . na nadastar (.i. na braigdigi), O'D. 1678 (H. 5.15, 28 marg. inf.). beir an bhraigdeach so let ar a cend (= ut ceruum . . . in chamo . . . duceret, V. SS. Hib. ii 52 ), ITS xvi 54.24 . Fig. a n-aen bráighdigh (braigid, v.l.) re n-a chomar sain `in one harness (= in harmony) with' (Gloss.), De Contemptu 2724 .

brogaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brogaid or dil.ie/6925

Forms: mrogaid, mbrog(aid), brogfaiter, brogad

v mid. Ir. form of mrogaid. ipv. 2 p. mbrog(aid) (glossed ceimnighidh sibhsi, note 2), Leb. Gab.(i) 254.5 . IGT Verbs § 115. Trans. cultivates (?) ; extends, increases ; magnifies : brogfaiter ( brogfaitir, LL 24838 ) cricha i rroilbi `districts will be extended into uplands', RC xxvi 44 § 227. firt fuil ferna in gach moigh, / broghais criocha hi ccén `the exterior territories were enriched' (it (blood) made fertile . . .), AFM i 174.18 . ? firfid cath mór Midi. Brogfaid Cnámcailli, ZCP xii 238 § 64. sall boc[c] brainech / brogas scuir `that increases studs', MacCongl. 79.25 . scarass Murchadh ra midlaigh, / brogais a triuna i ttalmuin, TFrag. 42.2 = mrogais trénu, RC xxiv 54 § 14. robrog a gairm in glan-chaill `his name has exalted . . .', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.14 . atbath ben, / brogu ss bladh, Leb. Gab.(i) 260.20 . presses forward, expels; with refl. pron. proceeds: robrog . . . F. in nE. o thír dar muir i nAlbain `expelled E.', ZCP ii 134 § 1. Fig. gāifi for gnūis cáich gusmbrogad of all toward whom it (a satire) was made move (?), ACL iii 297 § 50 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 99 § 50 ). nos brogat dó iarum i nUachtur F., LL 13527 `they go forward . . . into U.', RC viii 60. 21 .

Intrans. increases, extends, proceeds, advances, goes or presses forward (lit. and fig.): proghfuith crich a roilbe, RC xxvi 44 note 16 . b.¤ co boin `(the penalty) advances to a cow', Bretha 23 . broig-siu, Anecd. i 73.6 (ICM). ? nī nessa broghais dot bais indass dia bais na cēile, ZCP viii 103.23 . arindī rombrogsat roime-sium isindara leth in lestair, Corm. Y 1059 (92.5) = rombrochsat, Corm. Bodl. 34.4 . robroccsat, Corm. 37.1 `they pressed (?) before him', Corm. Tr. 136. robrog E. . . . / co riacht B. `E. . . . pressed on', Metr. Dinds. iii 450.15 . brogsat sech Affraic (glossed: do cheimnighset tar an A.), Leb. Gab.(i) 280. 12 . brogsad (lodsat, v.l.) iarsin for sáile `they put out to sea', Ériu iv 136.29 . brogais hisin flaith iarsain / B. proceeded to the sovereignty, Rawl. 84b43 . ro broghsat na bruige borrfadha ainbisigh `became productive', MR 100.14 .

Legal establishes, proves, confirms, justifies : tocombachtaib sealb saerteallaigh; modaigh mairc mbrugsaite ( .i. is tre gnimrad a nech firenaigthir doibsium he, 7 Comm. ) `it (possession of land) is secured to them by the work of their horses', Laws iv 2.2 , O'Dav. 303 (= mrogsaite, `who extended', Celtica vi 221 ). muniu broga nechtar n-aei ( .i. muna firenaigter nechtarde dibh imdenam for a cheile, 328.34 Comm. ) `if neither of them establish his right', Laws v 320.z.

Vn. brogad.

bruig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruig or dil.ie/7102
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: brug, -brugai, brugh, brogha, bragha, brogh, bragh, brugh

n i, m. (for exx. where it is treated as fem. (natural gender ?) see Fil Súil nGlais 44 ) mid. Ir. form of mruig. Also brug. Note n p. -brugai (: lubai), SR 4664. brugh, m. g s.. n p. brogha, bragha, g p. brogh, bragh, brugh, IGT Decl. § 29.

(a) land, cultivated land; holding: brúighe .i. fearainn, O'Cl. for b.¤ bethad (so MS.) ce, SR 1886. rí robennach b.¤ reid ṁblaith / Pardus . . ., 965 . brugi bláthi, 477 . siridh . . . brughe parrthais = terram paradiso similem, Lat. Lives 109 § 106 . i mbrugib ríchid, LU 2475. Iafēth . . . rannais b.¤ / betha buain shared the earth, Corp. Gen. 7.6 . in brug dar búadaib (sc. Cnogba), Metr. Dinds. iii 42.20 . ba bán ar bruid, iv 178.77 (brug, v.l.). b.¤ i cuirter ith `land in which corn is sown', Laws v 220.12 Comm. mbrugricht . . . racht mbroga son, iv 124.10 . dar cach mbrug do taet, 212.33 (m(b)ru[i]g, Coibnes 10). .x. mbruig[i] (.i. fotirbé .i. tíre) holdings (?), Ériu ii 3.10 . formna fer-tlachtmara . . . cacha bruighe `the . . . surface of every farm', MR 102.1 . tar in mbrugh a mbatar [na laeigh], Lism. L. 1964. a m-proccaibh nicota proc `in the lands there is no land' (result of wintry weather), RC xi 130.20 . brug treb dian iach (díchetal do chennaib), LL 393a1 . ó bruidhi co bruidhi `from land to land,` SG 80.12 . tri bruige rig, rot, ┐ dirainn, ┐ muir ` commons ', Laws iv 194.12 Comm. agonia .i. brug no athge, Gild. Lor. 45.

g s. in vague attrib. use: fail ann mór ṁbíle ṁbroga (: imthoga), SR 505. aenanma ogaim adbulbrogha uaidleathain, IT iii 90 § 118. o ro gab súan síthbroga, LU 3571 ( SCC 29 ). do thogu-sa brugh bragha, ZCP viii 226 § 11.

(b) region, district, border: co brugib Bersabé, LB 130a39 . eirr broga Murthemni (rhet.), LL 14233. bruigi cairrgeacha . . . na Teibi, TTebe 835 . ? bennacht for cech nindbas gignes for a mbrugaib (brigaib, MS.) ` marches ', Three Hom. 32.25 . dar mara ṁbrug (rhet.), LL 37010. ar brugh mbarc over the region of barks (the sea), A. Ó Dálaigh lv 21.

(c) (farm-)house; abode, hall, mansion, castle: do dhíon bó, [do] bhroghaibh farms (?), DDána 98.25 . brugh slatac[h] fuinneogach (of a castle), 119.16 . pailís bríoghmhar as bhláith brugh of fair halls, 38 . i mbrugh Ifrinn, Dán Dé v 40 . do shúil re brugh na mbeannocht `the Mansion of Blessings' (Heaven), Studies 1920, 569 § 26 . brugh ordha ina thimceall gan mullach fair `palace', BNnÉ 292 § 8 = domum, V. SS. Hib. i 172.19 . broghadha sreath-āille solus-ghlana, ML² 1071. brugh .i. baile, O'Cl. gur loiscc a mbruigh ┐ a mbailte `their farm-houses', AFM iv 666.13 .

In nn. loc. cf. riambuidnib broga Bretan, SR 2374 `territory of the Britons of Strathclyde (and Cumbria)', Ériu xvi 106 (see also RC vi 98 ). (see Hog. Onom. brug ) particularly of early monumental sites. isin Brug, LU 2901. ingen Gúari a Bruig Meic ind Óc, 2927 . ro ráidseom . . . cena adnacul issin Brug . . . ro adnacht issin Bruig, 4059 , 4060 . ro gniset fir Herend Sid in Broga, LL 1107 (Leb. Gab.). rí in Braga bricc, Ériu vii 220 § 9.

Compds. With adjj. Fir Bolcc bruig-binn, Leb. Gab.(i) 128.3 . for Banba bruighfind, 176.7 . With noun. bruigḟear .i. fer ag a mbi brug feoir, Laws v 80.9 Comm. See mruig compds. With verb. airm a mbruigtrebsat na mairb .i. airm baile, no inadh, inar trebsat mairb, O'Curry 430 (H. 3.18, 233b). See bruigred.

Búanann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Búanann or dil.ie/7272

pn (1 búan + 1 finn ?)

(a) expld. as nurse of warriors; name of a goddess, `the Minerva of the pagan Irish,' O'Don. Suppl.; `The Lasting One, ` Gods and Heroes of the Celts, Sjoestedt and Dillon 26 . Būanand mumi na fīan .i. bé nAnand ar chosmaile diblīnaib. Amail robo māthair dēa indī Anu, sic Būanand quasi mater erat na fīan. Ailiter: Būanond .i. daghmāthair, in būan is bon .i. dondī as bonum, ut dicitur: `genithir būan ō ambuan' .i. maith ō ulc. A n-and fil isinnī is Būanand, is ed fil isinnī is Anand .i. mater deorum. Būanand .i. daghmāthair ac foircetal gaiscid do fīanuib, Corm. Y 104. Corm. 5. `buanann' buime go bláith ciuin, Metr. Gl. 34.24 . ac Scáthaig buadaig buanand, LL 10886 (Táin 3445). a mBrian dan buanann buime, glossed: B. muime na bhfiann, etc. (note f.), Hard. ii 290.14 .

(b) As name of fountain: Buanann glossed perpetuus, V. SS. Hib. i 54 n. 7 .

Note also: at búanaind bodelbae (rhet.), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ).

1 búarach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búarach or dil.ie/7286
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: búairge, -aig, buorach

n o, n. (bó + árach) n p. búairge. Later with a d s. -aig. b.¤ f. (as crotach g s. croitche, n p. crotcha, g p. crotach), IGT Decl. § 56. spancel for cows at milking-time: b.¤ .i. bo ┐ árach .i. ceangal bhios ar bhoin, O'Cl. buorach gl. lora, V. SS. Hib. i 258 n.9 . focheird crand mbuarach / la gach funghaire solus, Ériu xiii 14.29 . tricha bó . . . co mbuargib créduma, LL 37729 ( RC xiii 40 § 12 ). cūic būairghi in cach inbhi . . . ┐ atgnīed cach banchoic dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.10 - 11 . caill tón bo can buaraig, Auraic. 5242. co tarat béim dia buaraig ina chlocend co ndernai slicrig dia chind, LL 22259 (cf. Dinds. 86 ) = rothend búaraig 'ma brágait, Metr. Dinds. iv 24.20 . More generally: ort bid buarach . . . / 'got chengal, MR 296.10 . 'na mbuairgib . . . ┐ i ngaistédaib, 316.31 . buarach trom `heavy harness' (of chief), Magauran 4431 .

In transfd. sense milking-time, (early) morning: buarach .i. bó ┐ árach .i. fosta buarach dana bó ergi .i. matan moch. unde dicitur fescor im buarach, Corm. 7 = fescor ┐ būarach, Corm. Y 131. buarach .i. bó éirghe .i. moch mhaidean, O'Cl. ō būarach go nox, ZCP v 487 § 15 (B. na f.). fesccur mbúarach `evening [and] morning´ Ériu xxvi 82 § 9 .

Freq. in phr. i mbúaruch this morning, a short time ago, just now (see Stories fr. Táin Gloss.; Zimmer, KZ xxx 13 - 18 ; Vendryes, Études Celt. ii 127 ; Meid, Stud. Celt. iv 72 - 73 and Celtica xii 108-12 ): himbvarvch `just now', Hib. Min. 3.83 . inn edpairt tucai[s]iu dam-sa i mbúaruc, Lib. Hymn. 87.15 . is hé dorinchoisc dia felmacaib i mbúaruch, LU 5056 = hi fuarach, TBC-I¹ 567. rodos marb . . . ambúaruch, LL 12988 ( RC xiv 428 § 52 ). déna airfide . . . anocht, febh do rignis . . . imbuarach, TFrag. 46.16 . ambúarach tomorrow , Leb. Gab.(i) 146.5 (see bárach).

1 buide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 buide or dil.ie/7347

Forms: buidhe

adj io, iā yellow: b.¤ gl. flauus, Sg. 14a10 . hoc flauum. buidhe , Ir. Gl. 803. buidi no donna gl. c(o)erea pruna, Sg. 61b10 . in chorcur b.¤ (buicle, MS.) ref. to porpora), Tur. 115. mess crāibe b.¤ , ACL iii 238 § 9. le croicinn an ubhaill buidhe, Reg. San. 21.17 . a caisi buidi, Corm. Y 1091 (see cáise). buiden na mbarr ṁbudi, LL 16505 ( RC xlvii 291 ). d'ór buidi, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 5 . Slicht Libair Budi Slani, LU 3220. [lebor] b.¤ leacain, YBL 6 marg. inf. sean leighedh in lepuir buidhe, Laws ii 132.y Comm. rinn . . . buidhe (of a bird), MacCarthy 136.14 . mís buidhi ` August ', Leb. Cert. 120.11 . see boidmís ? supra. galar buidhe jaundice , O'Gr. Cat. 199.1 (see below).

Freq. in vague sense with bith, etc. ri dorósat bith ṁbuidi, SR 7513. in bith bleidech b.¤ , MR 52.15 . Cf. ríge Breg mbude, LU 3735 ( SCC 33 ). co bráth mb.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 318.15 . din Bruig budi brass, LL 29539 ( Ériu vii 223 § 32 , cf. Misc. Hib. 38 ).

Equat. buidithir ór rind a fīaclae, Corm. Y 1059 (91.18) . buididir bronnór, Ériu iv 94 § 13. Compar. budiu na mess cumra a cúl, LL 37758. As subst. (treated as f., SG 21.21 infra) yellowness, yellow hue; a thing characterised by yellow colour: cho buidhi bos, MacCarthy 120.15 . go tainig in buidi tar in gréin, ZCP x 303.6 . Of flowers: barrān budi `die Blüte des Gelbkrauts', Festschr. Stokes 3 § 3 ` buttercup ', Contribb. 287. lir . . . budi for Bregmaig, LL 13954. fo barraib scot is buideí, ZCP xiii 260.2 . samalta leam fri hōrsnāth . . . nō re buidi mbech (of hair) honey (?), pollen (?), TBC-I¹ 2568. an b.¤ a yellow (horse), Celtica ii 54.131 . In n. loc. Buidhi an Bheithe, AFM ii 1000.16 .

Freq. in name of the epidemic called in b.¤ chon(n)aill (second word us. printed with cap. C- as if n. pr., but orig. gs. of condall, see BCC 75 (62.9) cited s. connlach; identified as relapsing fever (with accompanying jaundice) , W. P. MacArthur, Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 173 f . in chron chonaill .i. in b.¤ chonaill, AU i 54.19 = mortalitas magna, 50.22 . Cf. crom (= crón) Connaill .i. plaga magna , Ann. Inisf. 551. Budi Conayll = infirmitas quae yctericia uocatur, V. SS. Hib. ii 113. teidm mór doratad for firu Hérenn .i. in Bude Conaill, Thes. ii 299.1 (Hy. i Pref.). in B.¤ Condaill, 298.19 . in B.¤ Connaill gl. re chuairt duinebad, Laws i 50.18 Comm. do'n Buidhi Connaill, MacCarthy 402.6 . do cur na b.¤ for cúl, SG 21.21 .

Compds. On elision of -e before vowels see IGT Introd. § 94 (which cites budhúaine, bodhabhla, with -gh- for -dh- in MS.). With noun: a buidhedhlaoi, Hackett ix 5 . buideréid . . . mōel a cend uile . . . co mmbī glēlomm i.e. complete baldness, Corm. Y 1091 = buide reid, Corm. 39 (cf. buiderad ?). With adjj. buide-chas, BDD² 1023. buidic[h]orcrai, 1124 . With adj. derived from noun: lāma . . . buidh'-ingnecha, ML² 1594.

cáerthann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáerthann or dil.ie/7652

n o, m. cáorthann cárthann cáoirthend cáirthend m., IGT Decl. § 11 . (cáer + tan(n), Wortk. 19 ) rowan-tree : co tuca chroíb . . . din chaírthend, TBFr. 214 . athaigh feada . . . caerthand, beithe etc., Laws iv 146.24 . Auraic. 1155 , 4249 . mescae na cáer carthainn oca rúamnad fom détaib, Flower Cat. 261.34 . a chaerthainn, a chaeirecháin / as áloinn do bhláth, BS 40 . toradh cáorthuinn, IGT Decl. ex. 454 . bláth derg ar gach cáirt[h]inn gcáem, ex. 417 . cáor chomruig an láoich ó Líatruim / bronntair mur cháeir cárthaind, ex. 416 . ubhall ní thig ar chárthann, Dánfhocail 101 . c.¤ curraig valerian : fu ualeriana .i. in cærthann curruidh, RC ix 234.6 . ualariana .i. caor currtoig (= caerthann curraig), ACL i 327 § 50 . freamh caorthuinn chuirrigh root of valerian, 23 K 42, 435.10 . druchtain na . . . coerthand curraig, LB 101 marg. inf. Name of letter q in ogam: quert in ogaim quulend isin caill no cairthend no crithach, Auraic. 5520 . As a synonym for luis, see 1 luis. In some contexts with implication of magical properties (see Plummer, V. SS. Hib. cliv ): astuat tenid cairthind ann, Cymmr. xiv 120.7 ( Ériu iii 140.187 ). orce co nemib ┐ epthaib fonoíset for beraib cairthind, LL 13882 . leis dobert . . . / cleth caírthind i Temra tech, 4775 ( Rawl. 84a15 ). gach re n-úair ar clíathaibh caoirt[h]inn / tíachair do bhúain t'aínp[h]ill orm, IGT Decl. ex. 407 . caerthann fid na ndruad, SG 245.26 . in t-uaitne caerthuinn bai [i]na laim oc tuismed a meic, Lism. L. 1887 .

In n. loc. do Cháerthiund Clúana Da Dam, LU 8509 ( FB 36 ).

Compd. ¤-dair: ní dhearca a chló ar chaorthandoraigh, DDána 89.16 `thou seest not its like on grove of rowans (?)', Ir. Monthly 1920, 316 .

ceithern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceithern or dil.ie/8533

Forms: -nn, ceithrenn, -irne, c.

n ā f. Also -nn and later ceithrenn. Pl. also -irne. c.¤ (ceithreann, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 12 (61.z) . kern(e) (as collect.), band of fighting-men; band or collection of persons in general: cethern .i. coire aimite, unde dicitur cethernach.¤ Cethern didiu, cith cath ┐ orn orgain, Corm. Y 295 . cethirn comlain (dat. of accompaniment), SR 3538 . rom bía-sa cethern lib condeochaindsea do thabairt cobra dó desin, LU 5906 (TBC). ar cethernd aile quoth some others, (another? See below), 1909 . abaigh ceall go cethernaibh `soldiery', Ériu xviii 72 § 62 . undsea chethirn ṅ-gilla, TBC-LL¹ 5762 . comrac da ceithernn . . . Munter T. ┐ Mundter C., RC xviii 21.18 . iss é ra marb i[n] cethirnn mbric `the speckled kerne', Ann. Inisf. 1206.7 . ac biathadh mu ceitheirne, Acall. 524 . ar coimge don cethirn may the band (of saints) protect us, Gorm. May 27 . eccla ṡústa duirn dīabuil / cona c[h]eithirn guirm ghlóraigh, ACL iii 216.16 . ón cheithrinn chródha, Duan. F. ii xxxvi 2 . gidh bé ceithearna ad-chíthir, DDána 102.30 . ríoghdhacht chonnláin cheithirne, IGT Decl. ex. 589 . cethrinna ┐ macaimh . . . in bhaile, Smaointe B. Chr. 2965 . ceitheirne móra do shladaidhthib, SG 10.8 = turba latronum, V. SS. Hib. i 225 § 19 . sreith coinnmhedh ┐ ceitherna . . . do choscc `abolished the taxes of Coigny, Kernetty', AFM v 1686.3 (`Kernetty—this was a tax on every ploughland for the maintenance of the Lord's kerne', note. Separate derivative?).

With qual. gen.: ceithearn coilleadh clann Ádhuimh outlaw band, DDána 10.1 . ag caomhna na ceithirne coille ┐ na ndíbherccach, AFM v 1546.z . cethirna comlaind, TTebe 1477 . c.¤ congmhala an bhaile hired soldiers, AFM iii 558.9 . an macradh ina cethairn tigi domestic troop, SG 42.2 . ar son na cethernne timchill `bodyguard', BColm. 102.3 .

The singulative sense, well attested in the Engl. loanword (see N.E.D.) may occur in: is i cethern is dech la ri Temra . . . a gilla con, CF 73.25 ; cf. LU 1909 cited above and Meyer Contribb.

Compd. campa conghaireach ceithernlíonmhar, AFM vi 1884.8 .

celebrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. celebrad or dil.ie/8551

u and o, m. Vn. of celebraid. IGT Decl. § 11 (55.19) .

(a) Perh. act of celebrating, making famous, exalting in: ceilebrad ōndī as celebro .i. airdaircigim. C.¤ didiu erdarcugud anma Dé, Corm. Y 284 . búaid A. . . . / dia ch.¤ coméir `to celebrate it', Fél. Aug. 26 . a dhraig as cian cheileabhradh, DDána 102.46 `clú', Gloss.

(b) act of celebrating, holding (a religious ceremony, etc.): inc.¤ gl. celebratio, Ml. 80a4 . du c.¤ sollummun indi gl. ad festa, 133c9 . c.¤ cóir co nainmnit, Ériu ii 64 § 4 . mor do ḟindcheolanaib ceilebartha, Acall. 2610 . sacart, ┐ toiseach ceileabhartha Cluana mic Nóis, AFM ii 764.18 . cothuigh im chlí do cheileabhradh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 4 . ro-chlaiss chelebartha cantaic `singing canticles', Celtica iv 28.366 , cf. da clais segda sechtmogat do clasib . . . coiri celebarta, BB 241b30 .

Acc. to Plummer, V. SS. Hib. i cxv n.14 , when used in native contexts without qualification refers almost exclusively to celebration of canonical hours, only later to Mass. c.¤ iarmergi `the office of nocturns', Mon. Tall. 130.28 . Cf. 129.7 . [c]elebrad trátha, Wb. 25c23 . celebrath cach(a) tratha, Ériu xix 60 § 13 . fri ré ceileabhartha easparta, AFM iii 342.y . c.¤ domnaich `Sunday's office', Mon. Tall. 148.6 . afrenn is c.¤ glē, BColm. 100.13 . fri oiffrenn ┐ c.¤ , Celtica iv 32.458 . ceileabhradh oiffrinn, RSClára 87a . ord ceilibartha `liturgy', Fl. Earls 100.9 . In Laws in list of guarantees for contracts: naidm ┐ raith ┐ aitire ┐ ceilebrath ┐ gell, Bürgschaft 14 § 48 , acc. to Thurn. Hdb. p. 15 ref. to oaths taken on relics or gospel-book. In follg. the office of a religious functions as surety: amal . . . do dicsed a ch.¤ aire (of a `deórad dé'), Laws iv 210.9 . see Bürgschaft 59 . Note further: troscud no ch.¤ , Laws v 388.x . imcim ceileabarta fir lais i [mbi] cuma fir ┐ go, 178.4 .

(c) conversation, talk, discourse : ceileabhradh .i. comhrádh no comhchaint, O'Cl. c.¤ aingel, LU 3096 . mise gach laoi id leanmhain / tusa gan chead gceileabhraidh, Dánta Gr. 39.26 .

(d) Of birds act of singing, warbling: hoc gyrgyrium ceilebradh eoin, Ir. Gl. 746 . c.¤ en, RC viii 350.45 . fírrinn ceoil a gceileabhradh (birds), DDána 82.19 .

(e) act of bidding farewell; leave-taking, departure : co dairled forsin slige do ch.¤ dona maccaib, LU 5074 . ceileabhradh dhuit farewell , DDána 64.31 . ar los mo cheileabhradh (:fhiodhbhadh) leave-takings , Measgra D. 51.30 . ro caoíneadh an ceileabhradh sin an President acc bochtaibh ` departure ', AFM v 1664.20 . tiomnais celeabradh doib, MR 42.4 .

cenann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cenann or dil.ie/8588

adj o, ā (1 cenn + 1 finn). See GOI 75 , 218 . white-headed, white-faced . Us. of animals: Fiacha Cenannán, c.¤ uili báe Herend na amsir, LL 5377 and note. ech . . . cenand, 13909 . gabur cenand, LU 8625 ( FB 47 ). an lócuiste ceanann = bald locust, Levit. xi 22 . mindtan c.¤ ` white-faced ', Laws v 276.6 Comm. bruic cheananna, Feis Tighe Chonáin 31 . mo chathmerge cenand, LL 18597 ( PRIA xix 550 ). In n.loc.. na Tonda Cenanda, BCC 194.18 . As subst.: ni thuca in cenainn ngāirechtaig (i.e. as wife), ZCP viii 112.z . Cf. stagnum na Genanny (= na Cenainne), V. SS. Hib. ii 70 . Application doubtful: is messi in chomairge chenand, LL 358 marg. 5 , is cenand in chomairge, 56 .

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