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borb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. borb or dil.ie/6398

 

adj o, ā. See ZCP xxviii 68 - 69 .

(a) foolish, silly, senseless; stupid, ignorant, unlearned; rude, uncouth: dangníid borp gl. stultus fiat, Wb. 8d9 . a galatu burpu gl. O insensati Galatae, 19b4 . is b.¤ dásachtach . . . cech duine o'n gentligecht, PH 724. b.¤ anbfhossad `rude', 727 . adrad na ndee mbalb mb.¤ , 730 . b.¤ ┐ dúr o cridhe (= stolidus ingenio et durus corde), 4656 . is borbb (: ord) nad aithgiuin a cheird ` uncultured ', Ériu ix 48 § 26. is b.¤ nách rofiarfaige / rīchedh an Rīgh, ZCP viii 201.29 . is b.¤ sráinfius cách a clann `it is senseless for anyone to overthrow his children', Fianaig. 74.13 . is b.¤ duid sin da rad rium-sa ` foolhardy ', Stair Erc. 1002. duine b.¤ neimh-leitirda (stultus et insipiens, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 1199. = rudis, 1509 . comad b.¤ fiadh Dia inti legas in Gaedhelg `rude', Auraic. 49. is b.¤ nad léga uncultured, Fél. 188.10 . sé b.¤ brogda bachlachda uncouth , LU 8519 ( FB 37 ). comtinol sloig buirb barbarda . . . do gallaib insi Orc, Cog. 152.14 . Of stone, etc.: mó na ail b.¤ chloche i clud `rough-hewn stone' ( Metr. Dinds. iv 138.31 ), LL 29915. ní slios b.¤ unpolished (?), DDána 119.34 .

In chevilles: míad nad b.¤ , LL 3732. b.¤ in breth, MacCarthy 46.15 .

(b) fierce, rough, rude, violent, harsh; arrogant: lassar b.¤ `fierce flame', PH 2105. lámh as bh.¤ re biodhbhadhaibh, DDána 21a.11 . drong . . . nach b.¤ mbreath `whose decrees are gentle', Studies 1920, 567 § 17 . baránta b.¤ . . . lán do chonfadh catha, TSh. 1072. bríathra borba = grievous words, Proverbs xv 1. buidhne borba, Keat. Poems 1225. do choibsegud . . . in galair buirb ra-s-básaig ┐ ro-s-bánaig `violent sickness', CRR 2. in muir b.¤ baeglach, ML² 672. íoc-luibhe borba (of troubles, hardship, etc.), TSh. 8195. do budh b.¤ ren a brethnugadh co madh tualaing a fhaisneis `it were pride . . . to deem', BCC 431. b., díscir, fuileach `fierce, cruel', Eg. Gl. 99. (in complimentary sense) D. dúin móir / mín beoda b.¤ stern , Caithr. Thoirdh. 49.3 . Prov. b.¤ gach áth bhlaghas a bhruach turbulent (?), DDána 3.36 .

Compar. burbbu borbgnīm mebaid for Ulto fiercest of any fierce exploits, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 48. Fig. is burba an mhuir se na mailíse, TSh. 2067. Adv. co b.¤ severely , Smaointe B. Chr. 2532.

(c) As subst. b.¤ na haineolach `silly . . . person', Laws v 6.11 Comm. a buirb ┐ a aneolaig, PH 2214. a latrandu ┐ a burbu (= uos latrones et stulti , cf. Matthew xxi 12 ), 4530 . b.¤ cráibthech co nanecnu, Ériu i 198.2 . nobuirtís na buirb ` clowns ', TTr.² 1875 . nī mess buirb, ZCP vi 267 § 9. ba lua fri borba (in list of impossible undertakings), BB 419b39 (burbae ?). gorbo saigin buirb ar baoth-mhacaib a mbēimenna, ML² 1731. badach (leg. bágach, ed.) cach b.¤ , ACL iii 228.33 . Of animals: ni mo bar fis no fis na mborp archeana the knowledge of the beasts, YBL 157b21 . fuil b.¤ ainindli a n-aimsir laith `fierce . . . animals', Laws v 152.5 .i. cullaig ┐ tairb ┐ reitheda . . ., 154.28 Comm.

See 1 lúa, lúar, sundelb.

Compds. With nouns (incl. vnn.): borb erlabra (= stultiloquia), PH 6879 , re borb-airlech fierce slaughter, MR 156.10 . rias a mbaoí an boirbbriseadh, AFM v 1646.17 . clochan da borbchon, Acall. 3675. ri borbdigail ar gach nech notuillfed, Fen. 116.5 . is blagh . . .dá bhoirb-éachtaibh . . . máthair gan mhac, TSh. 1168. do borb[ḟ]hrichnum `unskilled service' (in maintaining a mill), Ériu xvii 72.z ( Laws iv 216.22 Comm. ). borbgal na curad, LL 17284 ( RC xlvii 311.z ). Brandub na mborb-gíall, Ériu i 130.26 . ri Firu Bolg ba borbgne uncouth of form, LL 938. bráu borb-leṅg `wild-whirling mill-stone', Metr. Dinds. iv 94.14 . biodhgadh barramhail boirbretha `(he started it off) at a great pace, Ériu v 178.33 . 'na borb-ruathar in a furious onrush, ML 52.33 . a bhille bhig bhoirbsgéalaigh `with rude tidings', Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 3 . ben M. na mborbṡlatt ṁbind of the . . . strong scions, RC xlvii 307.11 . borbtsoillsi na maidhne, ZCP x 305.5 . See stúag. i-ndeirge mborb-tuile . . . `of fierce passions', Laws v 456.27 Comm. séideadh borb-thonn (= spiritus procellarum), TSh. 6197. With n. pr. ag borb-Eōgan, ML² 163. With n. loc. la Dond ṁbrogda ṁborb-Emna, Metr. Dinds. iii 374.2 .

With adjj.: fear bríoghach boirbeódha `fierce and viva- cious', AFM v 1484.15 . With adjj. derived from nouns: co bithnertmur, borbaiccentach ` cruelly ', ZCP vi 32.7 . rucastar bern bruitti borbainbthenach, Caithr. CC 16. an bith [b]orbamsach (ammus ? amus ?), ZCP viii 212 § 60. an mhuir bhorb-bhaoghlach, ML 46.13 . tri trom-gairi borb-buadnusacha `fierce, exulting . . . shouts', MR 178.10 . mucnaid cach borb-chraideach `every dull-minded person is sullen', ZCP xvii 67 § 62. an boirbfreagartach biodhbadh, ZCP x 276 § 2. do [shluagh] bhorbghasda, DDána 87.9 . ina buindeadhaibh borbghloracha, TBC St. 3238. borbpecac (of sacrificing a woman to the Nile), Ir. Astr. Tr. 52.11 . borb-ráitech ` menacing ', MR 194.9 . i srothaibh borbthonnacha, TSh. 1981. na briathra borbuathbasacha sin `wild and terrible words', Aen. 2283.

burbae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. burbae or dil.ie/7472

 

Forms: buirbe, burba, borba, buirbe, burba

n , f. (borb) less freq. buirbe. burba: chumhga, DDána 89.21 . borba, Dán Dé xxv 12 . buirbe burba, IGT Abstr. Nouns § 49.

(a) stupidity, ignorance: cecitas .i. burpe, Wb. 5c2 . burbe gl. stultitia, 8a6 . far mburpe gl. síc stulti estis, 19b8 . is burbe dom gl. in insipientia dico, 17c20 . hóre is co burpi asbéram . . . gl. minus sapiens dico, 17c23 . atcota bāis burba, Anecd. iii 11.1 . nis tairchell baisse burba, LL 3553 ( Metr. Dinds. i 30.13 ). mór in burba . . . donither sund (of a war), TTr.² 1299. burba inna fecheman `ignorance', Laws ii 130.16 Comm.

(b) boorishness, harshness, fierceness, violence: ara burba (of Nabal, 1 Sam. xxv 10 ), SR 6305. crecha meinci, immed burba, ZCP viii 196.18 . ara mbuirbi ┐ ara n-aniardacht, TBC St. 4656. tond bratha ar buirbe, TFerbe 312 . an bhuirbe ` perverseness ', Aithd. D. 64.40 . atá goin bhurba ann `he is able to wound fiercely' (Gloss.), Desid. 508. buirbe . . . is engnum oll, MR 150.10 .

1 co

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 co or dil.ie/9786
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cos(s)in, cos(s)a, cosna, cosin, cossin, cossa, cosa, gusin, gusan, cosno, gusna, cuccum, cucum, cugum, chugom, chucumm, chugam, cucut, cuccut, chucud, chuccad, chugad, chút, cuci, cucai, cucci, cuccai, cuici, cuigi, chuci, chucai, chuice, chuici, chuga, cuicce, cucae, chucae, cucai, cuci, cuici, chuice, chuigthe, cucunn, cuccainn, cugainn, cugainde, chucunni, chucund, chucaind, chugainne, cucuib, cuccaib, cuccuib, cucaib, cugaib, cuccu, cucu, chuca, cugtha, chucu, chuca, com, cot, gut, coa, gó, go, cosa, cos-, cus, cosa, cusa, cos, cus, gus, gusa, cosar, gar, góar, at(t)óibi, do-ecmalla, do-inóla, fo-ceird, gaibid, léicid

prep. with accus. See GOI § 829 . Études Celt. vii 478 . In early lang. with occasional doubling of following l, m, n: cu-llae, GOI § 829 . co mmaith, Wb. 7b15 . co nnaue, Sg. 5b6 . In later lang. prefixes h to vowels. Written cu in Ardm. etc., GOI § 829 . In later lang. go. Occasionally with length mark: có, Ml. 52 . Sporadically with d p.: co ulnib, BDD² 747 . go bruachaibh (: chruachain), TD 13.84 . See IGT Introd. § 75 .

With article: cos(s)in, cos(s)a, cosna etc. cosin, Wb. 2a21 . cossin, ib. cossa (n.), 23a17 . cosa, Ériu v 236.60 . gusin, Auraic. 195 . gusan, Stair Erc. 2360 . pl. cosno, Dinds. 69 . gusna, Hugh Roe² 100.4 .

With suff. pron. (see GOI § 829 D for phonology of forms, § 233 for lenited forms, which are generalized in later language). 1 s. cuccum, Wb. 7c7 . cucum, Ml. 108b1 . cugum, Ériu v 148.40 . chugom, Blathm. 148 . chucumm, PH 8285 . chugam, IGT Decl. ex. 1166 . 2 s. cucut, Wb. 32a17 . .25 . Ml. 44c20 . cuccut, 92a19 . chucud, Mon. Tall. 144.21 . chuccad, BDD² 1446 . chugad, DDána 2.3 . chút (: út), SG 389.14 (see ZCP xxv 249 ff. ). 3 s. m. and n. cuci, Wb. 9d14 . cucai, Ml. 38c1 . cucci, cuccai, cited GOI § 433 . cuici, Blathm. 27 . cuigi, BColm. 98.26 . chuci, Fing. R. 27 . chucai, Ml. 46c1 . chuice, Mon. Tall. 154.4 . chuici, BDD² 278 . chuga, Dán Dé xxv 46 . 3 s. f. cuicce, Wb. 9d5 . cucae, Sg. 14b4 (apparently referring to Lat. littera), chucae, 191a2 . cucai, Vita Br. 25 . cuci, 26 . cuici, RC xxiv 190.13 . chuice, BDD² 93 . chuigthe, Donlevy 390.1 . 1 pl. cucunn, Wb. 21a3 . cuccainn, ZCP viii 219.34 . cugainn, vi 47.28 . cugainde, Ériu iii 158 § 11 , chucunni, TBFr. 347 . chucund, RC iii 183.24 . chucaind. PH 691 . chugainne, RC xxix 124 § 27 . 2 pl. cucuib, Wb. 1a8 . cuccaib, Vita Br. 16 . cuccuib cited GOI § 433 . cucaib, Vita Br. 37 . cugaib, Mer. Uil.² 119 . 3 pl. cuccu, Wb. 27c24 . cucu, Ml. 55c1 . chuca, Blathm. 221 . cugtha, DDána 77.1 . chucu, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.19 . chuca, Keat. iii 3231 .

With possessives: 1 s. com ó, Ériu xx 192 § 3 . 2 s. cot écc, ZCP viii 219.23 . gut éc, LL 10918 . 3 s. coa ríg, Fél. Jan. 6 . Fing. R. 93 . gó a charaid, TSh. 8226 . pl. go a n-ēgoibh, Fl. Earls 140.32 .

With rel. cosa n-, cos- (cossa- cited GOI § 829 ): cus, ACC 93 . cosa, TBC-I¹ 328 . cusa, 330 . cos, Ériu iv 150.29 . cus a, Laws iv 294.z Comm. gus, BColm. 80.27 . gusa, Mac Aingil 355 . With ro: cosar, TTebe 894 . gar, Studies, 1921, 76.21 . góar, Hugh Roe² 74.19 .

1 to, till, as far as , etc. (of space and time): cosin n-óin .i. co crist gl. usque ad unum, Wb. 2a21 . cossa laasa gl. usque nunc, 23a17 . có osnada gl. ad susperia, Ml. 31c10 . cu genti gl. ad gentes, 67a10 . cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 co fescor, LU 5135 (see caidchi). ní chotlad i nEmain M. co matain, LU 4903 (i.e. never slept, Hermathena xcix 51 ). co harchaṅgliu Héil, Lib. Hymn. 184.8 . a n-éc cusan āenduini to the last man, ACL iii 239 § 25 . nirbo gnath . . . airisiumh Uí Neill hisuidhe gusan tToirrdelbach hishin `except this T.', Hugh Roe² 44.3 . do-géna cech maith co cumaing as far as he can, PH 8088 . todachaiche chugut int shillab dedenach `the last syllable is future to you', Auraic. 91 . aurlam co bas, PH 390 . Ériu fo Chunn, Conn co Fál, Airne F. 243 . dorigne an láid-so cuigi `for him', BColm. 98.26 . le cungnamh ionmhuis go cogadh `with money to help them in the war', Rel. Celt. ii 166.9 .

2 With Vn. cia airet co tíchtin n-ancrist, Wb. 25d1 . go beith réidh dúinn 's do Dhomhnall, TD 15.170 . co rochtain dóibh tar na múraibh `until they passed', Hugh Roe 290.y . Hence: mad co techt di co fer gl. uiro suo reconciliari, Wb. 9d32 . is deidbhir móidem di suidib mad co moidim etir ref. to si gloriari oportet, 17d19 (see note).

3 Idiomatic uses of 3 s. n.: is cuci far mburpe gl. sic stulti estis, Wb. 19b8 . is cucci a lére ro pridchissid `so great is the industry with which you have preached', 24c17 . ná faighdīs bás chuige acht go mairfidīs choidhche (ar aonchor, v.l.), Trompa na bhF. 5994 . See Gloss., and cf. gan guin duine chuige na uaidh at all(?), Hugh Roe² 252.22 . is é is fáth dham chuige sin `the reason I have for that', Keat. i 82.26 . is é is adhbhar dóibh chuige sin, Corp. Astron. 2.9 . creud chuige why? Donlevy 102.16 .

4 With verbs of motion: co domun dringthiar `he climbed to the height (of heaven)', ACC 68 (see Celtica vi 228 ). amal tiagtae mná hua célib co firu aili `as wives go from their husbands to other men', Ml. 125a2 . dauc cucai inna sairse `he took it to him(self) unto his work', 38c1 . co Críst, cechaing sathe `unto Christ went a swarm', Fél. Jan. 25 . lingthi Mac Da Cherda co sudib `M. leaps into the midst of them', Ériu v 28.7 .

5 With subst. verb: aidchi roboi cucu that night, Ml. 55c1 . do filter chucaind diar marbad, Anecd. i 4.10 ( SCano 92 ). do-filter chucut ón ríg, BDD² 94 . deighenach a bethadh do bheith cuicce was imminent, BNnÉ 265 § 228 .

6 With verbs of reaching, placing, lasting, remaining, etc.: focerdar cin co fergac `is attached to', Bretha 25 . saidid co colainderce cert `extends to', 23 . ad-comaicc húa smech co a imlind, BDD² 1000 . mēraid co dē a īartaige his succession will remain till the day of Judgement, Thes. ii 314.20 . anais co foilc ┐ co fothraic he waited to wash . . ., TBC-I¹ 289 . ro-athascná m'ernaigthe . . . chucat, a Dé, PH 7108 .

7 With verbs of asking: cen chuingid neich co nech, Wb. 26b25 . amal dunthlaichiur-sa cucut `as I ask of Thee', Ml. 44c20 . dóig lim . . . ni cunte nech cuccaib filiam cecam, Vita Br. 16 . Cf. dognitis dibrócoit móir chucai, PH 4056 .

8 With verbs of summoning: dorograd co hangliu / C. `to the angels has been summoned C.', Fél. March 10 . ro-gairmestar tra Pilip chucai, PH 2534 .

See also at(t)óibi, do-ecmalla, do-inóla, fo-ceird, gaibid, léicid etc.

9 Expressing motion without vb. ac-sin chucut do ríg = ecce rex tuus venit tibi, PH 4376 . mac in goband cosin ṅgual (ris an, v.l.), Ériu ix 49 § 28 . a cholann chugat an bás, DDána 1.1 . `chugaibh! chugaibh! gruth is im / éistear linn!' adeir an chuach `here comes' (lit. to you), Measgra D. 7.73 . chugad me aris I have you again, Luc. Fid. 5241 .

10 Hence with verbs of seeing etc. atchīatt na conu cucu 'na rith, BColm. 54.3 . níro airigset na mná chucu, LU 3884 ( SCC 39 ). lá dá bhfacaidh inghin oíg / chuige, DDána 58.11 . o nach facadar . . . comfhurtacht cuca, Stair Erc. 1441 .

11 In comparisons: cruth cách co hÉ. Caem cách co hÉ. all fall short of E. in beauty, BDD² 43 . ait[h]ech cách co hEogan hūais except E., ZCP viii 299.35 . ní crō co cōiccir fo cosmailuis clīaro, Ériu i 215.31 . beag gach peannaid go bás Dé compared with, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 1 .

12 ó . . . co . . . to denote the ultimate point of measurement: is hó siun co nuie dam far sercc ref. to continuus, Wb. 4b29 . o chund co fond, RC iii 177.7 . a bhfoil uainn go hÁdhamh all that there are (i.e. have lived) from us to Adam, Dán Dé viii 4 . ó Éirne go hÁth gConuill, TD 13.74 . Hence: o ta a uachtar co a híchtar, PH 3365 .

13 With demonstratives. See 1 sin (S 232.83), 1 so (307.30). có sin, Trip.² 97 .

Similarly with petrified forms: cosinnocht until tonight, BDD² 1174 . tricha laithi cusanē 30 days to yesterday, ZCP x 341.21 . gus a-nois, Aithd. D. 89.29 . See also indiu and trásta (b).

14 In phrase co cenn, see 1 cenn (123.43).

15 With cardinal numerals. See fo (F 172.51).

16 In formation of adverbs. See GOI § 381 . co mmór gl. insolenter, Ml. 38c12 . co mmaith, TBFr. 284 . Freq. in later lang.: go spioradálta, TSh. 1582 .

17 Hence in adjectival predicates with subst. vb. replacing constr. with is and bare adj.: bheith go saoghlach séanomhail, TD 19.74 . do bai co hudmall andshadail aínindech `restlessly, uncertainly, angrily', TTebe 929 .

18 3 sg. neut. as adv. since, hence : nī conairnecht and chucai 'it had not been found there till then' Thes. ii 348.86 . bid fotai chucca, PH 5247 . ni ba chian cucai, Anecd. ii 14.13 .