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Your search returned 37 result(s).

? aisse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? aisse or dil.ie/2512

 

ind oc loscud Muman maisse / ba subach don degaisse (of a hero), ACL iii 304.12 ( LL 375a14 ). a.¤ mu [ ] Moninne (: masse), LL 371c22 . Dubgilla . . . airm n-aisse (: snaisse) (of a shield), LL 193b34 = arm naise, Oss. v 258 (B. na f.). ? leoman úr aise (: braise) `the lion of their choice' (of a noble), Caithr. Thoirdh. 55.y .

bolt(a)nugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bolt(a)nugad or dil.ie/6375

 

u, m. vn. of bolt(a)naigid. act or power of smelling; emitting a smell, scent; smell; odour, fragrance: ica boltnugud smelling him, Rawl. B 512, 67c cited Plummer MS. notes. robé bolltanugud in spirta nōib isna srōnaib-sea may the fragrance of the Holy Spirit be in these nostrils, ACL iii 232.24 . in tan at-chluined boltnugud a námat . . . acht fá baltnugud in bíd ┐ in lenna fil issin dunudsa, LL 35054 (MU). abla cumra . . . romgab foltnugad subach / fá boltnugad a mbolaid, SG 347.20 . a sásad don boltnogud (donboltanugud, LB) fil is tir (viz. tír na naeb), LU 1981 ( FA 5 ). co [m]boltan[u]gad aingliga `a heavenly odour', Grail 556 . bolltanugud mar do beth a parthus aiste (i.e. from a shrine), Fier. 251. ma ro benad . . . do duine . . . sron co mboltunugad `with the sense of smell', Laws iii 348.13 Comm. don tsróin a boltnughadh its power of smelling, TSh. 2845. cech thoraid co mboltnugud, MacCarthy 42.1 . ar feabus boltanaighthe bhar nettaighedh `by the goodly smell of your garments', BNnÉ 50 § 37 . fo bhíthin ruithenta lōgmaire shubhāilcighe in boltanaighe (= aighthe) dhíadha glōrmair, Fl. Earls 118.8 . Fig. act of smelling after, nosing out; scrutinizing carefully: ag boltnughadh go fuireachair ar bhéasaibh cáich, TSh. 1613. nach déanann boltnughadh ar eisiompláiribh . . . na naomh, 1920 .

cíallad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cíallad or dil.ie/8987

 

n (cf. cíallaid): imraidem ecosc febach / tria ciallad soercland subach , IT iii 16 § 38 .

comraicthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comraicthe or dil.ie/11635

 

n (cf. 1 comrac) encounter, battle, contest : ? lainne a chuaird corcorgemmach / cáera crethir c.¤ / congaib ar dreich ndendmaisse, LU 7402 ( BDD 100 ). co ruccai calca crúaidae comraicthi Ulad, 8311 ( FB 23 ). na banaitir fergnúsi / i ccruadaib comraicthib in hard battles(?), LU 8427 ( FB 29 ). ? hit ilchomraicib (perh. leg. hi t.), 3495 ( SCC 26 ). ger'ba cairdemail . . . in comraicti (comann, v.l.) sin `meeting', CCath. 2441 . girbo chomraicthi dá ṡubach sámach, TBC-LL² 3238 . c.¤ flatha, LL 38536 . a catha ┐ a comruigthi encounters, IT iii 199.14 . Perh. a Part. formation from con-ricc.

cubach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cubach or dil.ie/13381

 

x = cubaid: ceol cain c.¤ (: subach), Anecd. i 61 § 96 . So Immrama 136.26 where note would emend to cubaid with Meyer ZCP xi 155 § 96 and Murphy Lyrics 40.11 .

1 dag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dag or dil.ie/14139
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: deg, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, degbés, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg-dias, dag, dag, deg-doss, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deagh- folaid, dag, dag- ḟorcitlid, dagforcitlidib, dag, deggnim, dag, dag, deg-impide, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg-óg, dag, dag, dag, deg-rann, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deaghoideas, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, Deg, deg, deg, deg, dethclu, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deaghcho- maoineach, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deighdealbhdha, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deghearghna, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deglenda, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg

adj good. Later deg. Thurn. Hdb. 49 . annag .i. non bonum. dag .i. bonum , O'Mulc. 47 . dag .i. bonus no piscis , ib. 289 . écndag .i. ni dag .i. non bonum , ib. 357 . annach evil, bad , O'D. Suppl. 573 b . dag .i. maith, LB 36 a 24 f.b. .i. maith, ACC § 46 . deach .i. maith, O'D. Suppl. (or = dech). death .i. maith, ACL iii 280 . Often deth-: deth-arrachta, ZCP vi 26.17 . -bertach, 48. 20 . -cluach, 34. 9 . -rígan, 25. 11 . -thapaidh 30. 27 . -thengthach, 50. 33 . Frequently written d┐; occasionally also dath-. Mod. pronounced dé-, dea-, Seanchaint 79 . 205 . Independent use of dag: droch do drochaib, dag do dagaib, Corm. Tr. 61 . dag a dagchomul na céir, ACC 46 . derb dag i mba, ib. a pl. deich treaba dagha (.i. maithi), Ériu ii 4. 5 . Adv. well (Contribb.): sciath aca ar lár a ethair... fo tailfed dag...cethri drond[a] dechenbar, RC xiv 404. 18 .

In composition with a following noun or adjective, Zeuss 857 . Thurn. Hdb. 221 : good, noble, intensive very . For fuller collections s. Acall., Laws, CCath. Index, Todd Nenn., Hom. Leg. Ind.

A dag

:

dag-airle a good counsel Wb. 29 b 17 . isí mo degairle, ACL iii 220. 29 . is derb ropat degairle, TFerbe 280 .

dag-airliud good merit, well-deservingness LU 34 a 16 . 76 a 10 . dag-arliud .i. oca mbí deg-bríathar, TBC-LL¹ 1695 Y. deg-arliud, LU 34 a 16 . RC iv 256 . decchairilleadh, AFM vi 2370. 3 . deg-airilniud, ALC ii 262. 15 .

dag-aiste a good metre . d. in dána, IT iii 106. 2 .

dag-aithrige (MS. dagathrige) a good repentance Cambr. 38 a .

dag-altair good fosterage Laws ii 164. 10 (opp. mialtair, ib. 8 ).

dag-altram id., ib. ii 164. 6 , 19 .

dag-armtha well-armed TFrag. 22. 14 .

dag-bág a good fight : co ndernsat d.¤-báig de, LL 191 a 52 .

dag-banas : trí fostai dagbanais: fosta thengad ┐ gensa ┐ airnberntais (airbertais, v.l.), 'three ways in which a good woman is steady: steadiness of tongue, of chastity and of house keeping' Triads § 180 , Ériu xxviii 155 . dag-ben a good woman, a lady : gruc da .i. dagben, Corm. 17 . degbhen, CCath. 4038 .

dag-bert brave deed ZCP x 363 : tabred dagberta for ar n-imthechta, LU 15 a 5 .

dag-bés a good custom Laws iii 24. 14 . degbés, ZCP viii 113. 7 . Ériu v 130. 48 .

dag-béscnae good behaviour, morality Laws. degbéscnai (g s.) Ml. 85 d 2 . d s. i ndegbæsgnu, ib. 87 d 5 . 105 b 2 .

dag-biad good food O'Mulc. 685 .

dag-bliadain a good year LL 128 b 28 .

dag-boltanach sweet-smelling : lán do lubib dag-boltanchaib, Aisl. Tond. 111 . Cf. degbolad.

dag-briathrach of good words LL 155 b 8 .

dag-cenél a good race LL 279 . ingen óc alaind co ndagcenel ┐ co ndaglégund, RC viii 152 § 3 .

dag-ciall, LL 153 b 14 .

dag-clann a good offspring : Lib. Flav. 23 b 2 , 12 .

dag-coic a good cook : fo lámu dágchoca, MacCongl. 93. 18 .

dag-comairle a good counsel Wb. 29 a 21 . degch. AFM 26. 17 .

dag-comairlid a good adviser : dia deghchoṁairlighibh AFM v 1862. 3 .

dag-cride a good heart, generosity : dagcraidib, ACL iii 235. 32 . deagh-, ITS x 200 .

dag-dán a good gift, poem, art : saer daer dagdana, Laws v 96. 10 . rogab gnimu dailim do airim a degdán, BB 382 a 6 .

dag-dess good and comely , Gorm. Mar. 31 .

dag-dia good god (etymological gloss on Dagda) LU 32. 25 . LL 266 b 38 .

dag-dias a good pair Gorm. Oct. 26 . deg-dias, Feb. 11 .

dag-dond: ben Néill in druing dagduind, LL 139 a 42 .

dag-doss a good bush Gorm. Jan. 7 . deg-doss, Mar. 3 , May 18 .

dag-duine a good man, a brave man, a nobleman, a righteous man ( Donlevy, passim ). Wb. 6 b 23 . 18 c 14 . i coimthecht dagdóine, ib. 16 d 2 . carid dagdoini, 27 d 11 . dag- : Ériu i 215. 12 . TFrag. 144. 2 ; 204. 16 . Lib. Flav. 27 a 1 . 35 . deg-duine, LU 53 a 8 . degdáine, MR 224. 15 .

dag-eire a good (i.e. heavy) load LU 64 b 22 . 89 a 15 . 95 a 35 . RC xiv 54. 6 . degeire deise no trír, Acall. 3942 .

dag-éirge good rising-up : ar-dlegat a ndaigéirge 'they are entitled … to their good rising [before them]' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 130 § 13 . dag-Eogan brave Eogan LL 130 a 39 .

dag-eolach well-informed ZCP iv 235. 4 .

dag-éraic a good mulct : nenaisc d. a mucc foraibh, Lism. L. 319. 16 .

dag-ḟeidm good use Ériu ii 4. 7 . deg-, Todd Lect. vi p. 99 .

dag-ḟer a nobleman, a gentleman, a brave : oirchinnig ┐ daigfir ┐ tóisig, Alex. 442 . ar galaib dagfer, LL 203 a 37 . AU i 254. 9 . LL 156 b 23 . 158 a 381 . deghfir, BB 385 b 7 . Acall. 1033 . KMMisc. 264. 13 ; 272. 9 . dagḟer, degḟer, Gorm. Ind. do degferaib ┐ do degdáinib, LL 227 a 23 . deghfer dana a good poet AFM iii 598. 17 . deghḟer labhra a good speaker, ib. ii 1136. 14 .

dag-ḟeras : tréde faillsiges cach ndagḟeras: dán, gaisced, crésine, there are three things which reveal that a man performs his functions well: a special gift, valour, piety Triads § 196 , Ériu xxviii 155 . cach ndagḟeras .i. gach feidhm nó gníomh iomlán nó feramhuil 'every activity or full or manly deed' Triads 41 , Ériu xxviii 155 . dag-ḟethal, SG 84. 37 .

dag-ḟial good and modest Gorm. Jan. 30 , Aug. 7 .

dag-ḟind very fair , ib. May 15 , Dec. 11 .

dag-ḟolad great wealth Laws iv 298.2 ; v 70. 10 . deagh- folaid, ib. ii 308. 26 .

dag-ḟorcetul good instruction LB 12 b 126 . Hence dag- ḟorcitlid a good teacher. d pl. dagforcitlidib, Wb. 11 b 6 .

dag-gním a good deed Wb. 6 a 8 , 6 a 11 , 10 a 17 , 33 a 17 . a doughty deed LU 61 a 15 . deggnim, Ml. 14 b 15 . CCath. 1190 . Cf. deggnímrad valiant deeds ZCP iii 28. 13 . i n-dagnimrathib, Thes. ii 244.32 .

dag-ime a good fence Laws iv 126. 24 .

dag-impide a right, proper request : is cóir daigimpigi duit ar nidad dichumaing, Anecd. i 11. 13 . deg-impide AFM 1132. 8 .

dag-imradud a good intention : forbe in dagimrata, Wb. 3 d 5 (opp. drochimr., ib.).

dag-ingen a good daughter LL 138 b 23 .

dag-ingnad very strange : diamair d., LL 157 b 28 .

dag-laech a brave hero : adchiu d.-u in beth[a] (sic leg.) ZCP iii 46. 14 . deglaech, MR 224. 14 . do deglaech ┐ do degóc, LL 100 b 16 .

dag-laechdacht, LU 67 a 31 = TBC-LL¹ 1050 .

dag-léigend, RC viii 152 § 3 .

dag-less good profit, especial weal Acall. 3772 . doghéna dháibh bur ndeigleas, Acall. 3606 .

dag-lind good time LL 129 a 47 .

dag-lóg a good price SR 5836 .

dag-mac a good son or boy MR 136. 10 . deaghṁac léighinn a good student Donlevy 456. 16 (= scolaire maith 458. 29 ). ML 58. 2 .

dag-máin benefit : is éicrichnichthe donindnigsom a dagmóini, Wb. 28 a 17 . Alex. 926 , 930 . inna degmáini, Ml. 27 a 6 . a seoit ┐ a degmáini, Cog. 18. 18 . Ériu ii 2. 3 , 9 .

dag-menmae hilarity, jollity Mon. Tall. 143. 5 . Cf. deg-menmnach, LL 155 b 47 .

dag-mian a good mind Gorm. Jan. 26 . BB 48 a 40 . YBL 314 b 20 .

dag-mór very big Gorm. Sept. 11 . degmór, ib. May 20 , Nov. 20 , July 30 . samaigis stacci direccra degmaru forsna beraib, MacCongl. 63. 2 .— Gaul. Dagomārus, npr. m.

dag-naidm a good security : fal fosuidigthear dag-nadmaim, Laws v 506. 11 . Anecd. iii 29. 6 .

dag-nár good and bashful Gorm. Mar. 26 , May 9 , Nov. 26 .

dag-nem good heaven ib. June 5 .

dag-nia a brave hero : dagnia derg, Rawl. 116 b 12 .

dag-nóisech: do dlighid dian daghnoisech, Anecd. ii 75. 2 .

dag-nuachar, LL 157 a 6 ; a noble mate, ZCP x 363 .

dag-óc a goodly youth, a brave warrior TBC-LL¹ 1263 . 1640 Y. TFrag. 1062 .

dag-óg a good virgin Gorm. July 2 . deg-óg, Jan. 6 , Oct. 17 .

dag-phreceptóir a good teacher Wb. 4 a 2 .

dag-rád speaking well of Gorm. May 17 .

dag-rāith a good security Laws i 118. 21 .

dag-rann a good stanza Gorm. Jan. 31 , LL 7 a 48 . deg-rann, LL 10 b 41 . 153 b 15 . BB 382 a 6 .

dag-rath good grace or luck, full prosperity Gorm. Feb. 26 . Fearna mór mílib d. (g pl.) AFM ii 576. 3 . cúig bliadna déc fa degrath, Cog. 140. 20 .

dag-riar, Mart. Don. Introd. 37 . Donlevy, pass.

dag-riattae well-trained Leb. Cert. 160. 2 .

dag-rosc a good eye (of sight), Corm. 689 Y.

dag-rún a good resolution, purpose, a good end : ar do dagrúin ndrechaig, ZCP viii 232 . TBC-LL¹ 1695 Y. co ngeib d. degmessa, LU 76 a 9 . degrún, BB 375 a 31 .

dag-ṡégdae majestic, sublime : ic mac Dé dagṡégdai, Rawl. 69 a 24 . deighṡeghdha, BB 9 a 15 .

dag-ṡén good luck SG ii 469. 11 . degṡén, Top. Poems 40. 6 .

dag-ṡochor good profit : bidh co d. re fód danacul ar nóg ar ég, ZCP viii 227 .

dag-ṡoillsigud a good illumination ZCP iii 222. 2 f.b.

dag-thapaid very quick, active, expert : an drong dhánata dh. dhíscir dhenmnedach, ALC i 412. 6 . dorónsat comlainn fic[h]da...degthapaid, IT ii2 141 (l. 477) . ML 28. 4 . bulli na láma deisi degth., Cog. 194. 8 . go dian-deghth. AFM 2318. 4 . deg-thapad vigour MR 318. 14 . deg-thapa = d.¤-thapaid: dosgiobadar a longa...go d., Atlantis iv 166. 22 .

dag-theist bonum testimonium Wb. 25 a 18 . deg-theist for chach, LB 260 b 81 .

dag-thimthach: dobert d. imbi, LL 117 b 36 .

dag-thír a goodly land Imr. Br. (of the Ir. Elyseon). deg-t., CRR 4 . BS 54. 4 .

dag-thorthech abounding in fruit: sam sogar .i. is d. in samrad, LL 188 a 32 .

dag-thrian a good third : a d. mo chuarta sa, Fen. 168. 13 .

dag-thuath: dúnadach cech d., LL 344 c 13 .

B deg (see also 1 dag):

deg-accomul a good union Laws ii 362. 3 (= soaccomol, l. 4 ).

deg-adbae a goodly dwelling ZCP viii 207. 3 .

deg-adbar good material, one well fitted to be: Niall ...d. táisigh na Trí Tuath, ALC i 529. 15 . Donnchad... d. rí[g] Érenn, ALC i 558. 10 , ib. 598. 11 . AFM iii 396. 14 , ib. iv 722. 8 .

deg-aes: triar d.-a dána three of the goodly men of science CRR § 30 . BS 52. 9 . good, auspicious age: d. éisgi, MR 106. 14 .

deg-aichnech well informed : d. aithnech ar gach ealadhain, AU iii 530. 4 . BB 62 a 34 .

deg-aicned a noble nature, benevolence CCath. 5480 . SG i 54. 31 . d s. degaicniud, LB 273 b 71 . SG 54. 31 . deaghaigneadh, Donlevy 472. 8 .

deg-ainm, BB 370 b 23 .

deg-airde a favourable sign : dommí co ndegairdib, ACL iii 221. 6 . dertbais d. dílend | senchas senaibni Hérend, LL 5 b 39 .

deg-airiltnidh a good earner AFM 2220. 3 .

deg-aisse: ic loscud Muman massi | ba suach dond d., LL 375 a 14 = ba subach don degaisse, ACL iii 304 § 7 , ZCP x 363 .

deg-aite a good foster-father; a good teacher MR 298. 9 ; 314. 4 . d.-oide faoisidine, Donlevy 338. 23 . d. -oidigheadh foghluma, ib. xxi 1 . Cf. deg-aites good education, good teaching. deaghoideas, Donlevy 336. 16 ; xviii 5 ; xix 13 .

deg-aithne a good knowledge SG 354. 22 .

deg-aithrige good repentance AFM 1000. 21 .

deg-aithris a worthy imitation ZCP viii 216. 15 .

deg-amos a brave hireling soldier Ériu i 94. 1 .

deg-amrae good and wonderful, specially wonderful: Cathbad drái d., Acall. 2543 . CRR § 30 .

deg-anacol a goodly protection Ériu v 84. 13 .

deg-arm: ni dlig degairm fer cin gliaidh, Harl. 5280, 14 a . MR 224. 14 .

deg-armach well-armed Acall. 2134 (v.l. datharmach, p. 291 ).

deg-armáil a good armament AFM 2272. 9 .

deg-arrachtae very brave ZCP vi 26. 17 .

deg-árus a good house SG 303. 30 . ITS x p. 200 .

deg-ass good milk LU 25 b 16 .

deg-athach a good vassal : ropo deglaech degathaig, TFerbe 691 .

deg-athair a good father LL 385 b . BB 127 b . MR 118. 3 . Acall. 2005 .

deg-athardae goodly patrimony AFM 1640. 9 .

deg-atmáil a good confession Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330. 6 .

deg-bág a good fight Gorm. May 12 .

deg-bail, RC viii 350 ; good luck, ZCP x 363 .

deg-baile a good village, a good steading : dún nó dingna nó d., Moling 8. 10 . ITS x p. 200 . a dunib ┐ a degbaledib Sachsan, AB A.D. 1014 .

deg-bárc, OCT 9.4 .

deg-barr: adram do rígh na ndúile | do dh. dian (leg. dín) ar ndaine (na ndóine, Lec.) BB 24 b 48 ( ZCP x 363 ). Acall. 1114 .

deg-bás a happy death Donlevy 364. 15 ; 322. 18 .

deg-bélrae good speech : sulbaire degbelrai, Ml. 89 c 16 .

deg-bertach virtuous : a ridiri dethbertach, ZCP vi 48. 20 .

deg-bethach virtuous Gadelica ii 97. 21 .

deg-bethu a virtuous life : co rís degbethaid glan glé, Moling 52. 21 . do forbadh a dheighbhetha[dh], AFM 456. 10 ; 526. 9 . a comfortable existence BS § 18. 18 .—Cf. Gaul. Dago-bitus, npr. m.

deg-blad good fame : ní fo d. co nirt nua, LU 16 a 3 .

deg-blas a good taste : dobheir sé (sc. an salann) deaghbhlas dó (sc. don bhiadh), Donlevy 442. 24 .

deg-blasta savoury ZCP ii 252. 14 .

deg-bolad a good odour ZCP ii 252. 14 .

deg-bráthairse a good brotherhood ZCP viii 318. 28 .

deg-buaid a good victory Gorm. Feb. 24 . na d.-buada, LL 44 b 4 .

deg-bualad a violent beating SG 272. 4 .

deg-buide deep yellow : erla d. on cluais co céli do, Acall. 4080 n. .l. urla nd., ib. 4942 n.

deg-buiden a good host : toesech na degbhuidne, LL 100 b 14 .

deg-cairdech: bi d. im fadbail lochta fira, Laws ii 280. 16 .

deg-calmae very brave MR 284. 26 .

deg-caratrad a good friendship LL 72 .

deg-cerdach fully skilled SG 307. 39 .

deg-ces a good hive : narab drochcis i ninad deigh-ceasach, Laws iii 438. 8 .

Deg-chairdil npr. m. Anecd. i 42 .

deg-cinniud a good decision : rocinnit tra deighchinnte iomdha isin coṁdháil hísin, AFM ii 1164. 3 .

deg-clár a good board : ic dathugad a d., TTr. 137 .

deg-clu a good reputation, good fame Laws iii 22. 32 , 33 . dethclu, ZCP vi 24. 12 .

deg-cluach of good renown ZCP vi 34. 9 .

deg-cobrach very helpful (of God) SG 21. 5 .

deg-codnach a man of sound mind Laws ii 70. 4 , 10 .

deg-coemna good protection : ni bhidh imorro díon no d. a tuaith nó a termonn, ALC 5781 .

deg-coimét a good protection KMMisc. 314. 27 .

deg-commaid good comradeship ZCP iii 5. 3 .

deg-commáin a good communion : g s. deaghcho- maoineach, Donlevy 252. 9 ; 254. 31 .

deg-creic a good sale Laws ii 284. 8 ; iv 88.16 .

deg-cridech good hearted : fer dercech d., ALC i 538. 15 . deaghchroidheach, Donlevy 62.19 .

deg-culaith a noble suit : dochóirigh deaghchulaith Ṁanannáin uime, Atlantis iv 214.25 . OCT 54.2-3 .

deg-daingen very strong Acall. 5290 .

deg-daire, LL 385 b , c . BB 127 b .

deg-dál a good meeting BB 281 a 17 . Gorm. Aug. 17 . Ériu iv 136. 8 . BS 90. 2 .

deg-dath a good colour : do dheargór dheaghdhatha ML 110. 29 .

deg-dathach well-coloured TTr. 1365 .

deg-debaid a hard fight LL 101 a 4 .

deg-delb a good shape : im febas a d.-a, TFerbe 367 . Hence deighdealbhdha, AFM v 1400. 3 . SG 8. 29 .

deg-dénmach well-made : dabach dígrais d., B. Fermoy 141 a . étaigi dígraissi d.-a, TTr. 167 . ITS x p. 200 .

deg-dénmusach well-built SG 302. 28 .

deg-dénom good building, shape : ar dilsi ┐ d. (of a ship), TTr. 120 . comeliness SG 353. 38 . ar dheilbh ┐ ar dh., ALC i 544. 22 .

deg-dígainn very abundant Acall. 342 .

deg-dígal a good revenge RC xi 444. 32 .

deg-dín a good protection : diar ndegdin, Gorm. Feb. 21 .

deg-dliged a good right, a good reason : narmtar co ndegdligedaib dia frithtuidecht, Ml. 16 b 6 . Laws iv 320. 13 .

deg-dlúith very close : buale d. di sciathaib, TTr. 609 .

deg-doé a good hand : a dheg-dóid ndeis, ML 146. 18 .

deg-doilges a goodly sorrow Donlevy 272. 18 .

deg-domnach, used of Easter Sunday ZCP viii 207. 1 .

deg-dorn a good fist (Gaul. Dagodurnus CIL iii 12014. 242 ). BB 275 b 21 .

deg-drong a good troop Gorm. Aug. 9 .

deg-druin good and shrewd : Fatuel d. diada, ib. Ap. 5 .

deg-dul a good way LL 282 b 2 .

deg-dún a good fortress : a medon gach d.-duine, Tig. A.D. 1022 .

deg-einech good hospitality : ní thainic... neach do dearsccaighfedh de ar... dh., AFM 1906. 4 . g s. ben derlaic-theach theach deigheinigh, AFM 724. 6 . in toclach daibir deigeinig, Acall. 3289 . generous : in toenchléirech is diadha ┐ is deighenaigh (-aighe ?) do bhí i nErinn na aimsir féin, ALC i 526. 22 .

deg-Éiriu good Ireland MacCarthy 430. 7 f.b.

deg-engnum a doughty deed Cog. 182. 14 . YBL 317 a 10 .

deg-eol a good knowledge Rel. Celt. ii 220. 28 . Cf. dageolach.

deg-ergnae goodly wisdom : deghearghna, ZCP 199. 15 .

deg-erlabrach of good speech Hugh Roe 54. 15 .

deg-ḟaebrach sharp-edged : claideb cruaid ... ise daingen d., BB 476 b 44 .

deg-ḟaitches reverence Donlevy 358. 15 .

deg-ḟál a good hedge or fence : Sinuna druin d., Gorm. Sept. 2 .

deg-ḟeichemantae, MR 278. 17 .

deg-ḟéil a good festival Gorm. Jan. 18 .

deg-ḟeithmeóir, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330. 2 .

deg-ḟéth a goodly appearance : rathaigit na manig d. in chlerig, Lism. L. 303. 22 . sonus ┐ d. tria bithu dḟir thinaid, ib. 32 .

deg-ḟid: epe cacha feada acht fid nemead no degfidh, Laws v 474. 7 . degfid .i. fid de fid, ib. 476. 3 . For de-ḟid, deid, q.v.

deg-ḟledach: co teg Aeda d. fledaig, LL 301 a 45 .

deg-fogur a good sound BB 324 a 37 .

deg-ḟonaidm a good agreement, bond. d. trebaire, Laws v 508. 11 .

deg-ḟonn good pleasure ACL iii 154.15 .

deg-ḟota very long Acall. 779 .

deg-ḟrecrae a good answer Todd Lect. iv 191 .

deg-gein a good birth SG 18. 31 .

deg-glór, CCath. 3049 .

deg-gnáth rhyming with cách, LL 129 a 37 .

deg-gneach of good countenance Thr. Ir. Gl. xli .

deg-gnímaige, MR 142. 8 .

deg-grés a propitious incident Acall. 3841 .

deg-guide a good, proper entreaty . cen digide .i. cen dedguide o briathraib, Laws ii 390. 3 .

deg-innscnech affable AU iii 242. 21 .

deg-labarthach well-spoken : dochan Colom Cille gu d. in duan so, BB 31 a 21 .

deg-lainn: Nuadha deghlainn diadha, Gorm. Feb. 19 , cf. Stoke's note ib. p. 268 .

deg-láith: d. gaile good heroes of valour CRR § 34 .

deg-lám embroidery Caithr. CC 72. 21 .

deg-lámach handy, dexterous : Nuadha d., Cóir Anm. § 7 . Subst. good spear-casting Acall. 5112 .

deg-lámaid dexterous Ériu iv 118. 14 , 18 .

deg-lámdae handy, skilful (in embroidery): ingen. . . bud dechlámdai di ingenaib Hérenn, LU 122 a 21 (cf. ZCP iii 231. 27 ). Subst. handiwork, embroidery : bátar side oc fogluim druine ┐ deglámda la hEmir, LU 122 a 15 (cf. ZCP iii 231. 21 ).

deg-lepaid a good bed OCT 49 § 54 .

deg-lígdae resplendent Ériu iv 94. 1 .

deg-lín a good (i.e. high) number Acall. 4859 .

deg-lind a good drink. g s. deglenda, O'Dav.

deg-lucht: a d. lenamhna his faithful followers AFM 2264. 2 .

deg-macacht, ZCP viii 111. 28 .

deg-maisech very beautiful SG 234. 34 ; 269. 8 . Sechrán 205 .

deg-maith very good co degmaith, LL iii 15154 ; subst. a nobleman : degmaithi Erend, TBC-LL¹ 2224 Y. Ériu iii 143 § 5 . LL 158 a 9 f.b.

degmaithesach of good worth : ba haill daineach digbalach deagmaithisach e 'he was a prominent person with a large retinue, destructive [to enemies], and of goodly worth', AI 406 (s.a. 1311.5) .

deg-meirge a good ensign ITS ix 126 .

deg-meisnig courageous : ionnsaighitt iad co deighṁ. AFM 1322. 12 .

deg-mesc very intoxicating : di medanaib d.-a, TTr. 164 .

deg-mess, LU 76 a 9 . TBC-LL¹ 1695 .

deg-mín good and gentle Gorm. Jan. 11 .

deg-moch very early Páidín, p. 4 .

deg-molad a good praising SG 341. 2 . Ériu v 76. 26 .

deg-mucc a good pig RC xii 64 § 26 .

deg-muinter goodly folk ZCP viii 209. 20 .

deg-muirn great courage, pride : Feidlimid ... u. bl. deg fa d., BB 61 a 43 .

deg-nath a good poem : triar aile diar delbus d., LL 137 b 50 .

deg-nert good strength Gorm. Mar. 20 .

deg-nós a good custom Donlevy 444. 14 .

deg-nuall a good shout : .iiii. scéith datha is d., BB 281 a 16 .

deg-nue good and fresh (as an epithet for an eye) ITS x p. 200 .

deg-óc a good warrior Gorm. May 18 . LL 100 b 16 .

deg-óclaech id. ni raibe acht da .xx. degoclach, AU i 548. 3 .

deg-oeb good beauty : degaeb, Gorm. July 18 .

deg-óidech very attentive SG 11. 28 .

deg-oirdned good ordination Gorm. July 4 .

deg-ól a good drink Fen. 248. 11 .

deg-opair a good work Donlevy, pass. OCL p. 33 .

deg-ord a good service : iar cceilebhradh d.-uird, RC xxvi 372. 20 .

deg-ordaide well-ordered AU iii 336. 19 .

deg-oslaicthe wide open : gur bho dlochtana d. na dainginscéith, ML 136. 8 .

deg-phendand good penance : décc iar ndeighph. ┐ iar naithrighi, AFM ii 906. 14 . ib. 1062. 9 .

deg-ráithe a good quarter (of a year): a sé décc as d. sixteen years and a quarter AFM iv 694. 2 .

deg-recht a good law : farcha dlúthaighthe gach d.-a ALC i 486. 16 .

deg-réid good and smooth Gorm. Dec. 23 .

deg-rí a good king . Gorm. Jan. 26 . Aug. 5 . atchiu degríg ndeg-Lagen, LL 48 a 40 . ib. 153 a 45 , b 6 .— Gaul. Dago-rix, npr. m.

deg-rígain a good queen ZCP vi 25. 11 .

deg-rind a good constellation MR 112. 22 .

deg-rith a good running : do druim degretha, SG 283. 29 .

deg-ruiri a good sovran : tecat fir Hérenn uili co Dálach in degruiri, LL 27 a 21 .

deg-ṡaire: d. lebarda well-composed books Laws iii 88. 9 .

deg-ṡamail a good likeness Meyer Prim. 60 a .

deg-scél good news , opp. to drochscél, Cog. 32. 21 .

deg-scip, ZCP v 489 § 15 (.i. deslám).

deg-ṡerc sometimes written for de-ṡerc, dérc ( Mon. Tall. 159. 1 ).

deg-ṡét precious treasure : mḟer dingbála degṡeoit, TFerbe 481 .

deg-ṡíl a good or noble seed : rí deigtṡil Duibhne, Edinb. viii 26 a 1 .

deg-ṡín good weather : bliadan tra ṡuthach co ndeghsín AU ii 48. 16 . ib. 80. 10 . bliaduin tsuthach...go ndeightsín ALC i 78. 6 .

deg-ṡluag a valiant host : ina ndírim d.-sluaigh, Cog. 216. 3 .

deg-ṡuattae well sewn : lethair d., LL 77 a 47 .

deg-thabairt a good giving SG 269. 14 . Cf. deghthabhartha suas well brought up Rel. Celt. ii. 206. 26 .

deg-thacrae a good argument Todd Lect. iv 191 .

deg-thairise well-established : síth mór daingen d.-i do dénum, AU ii 542. 7 = AFM iii 650. 1 . faithful, trusty : do pfocaib codil...d.-i, IT ii2 136 (l. 359) .

deg-thalland a good talent : degthimthrechta ┐ degtallanda, Ml. 69 c 2 .

deg-thám a good death Gorm. June 5 .

deg-thásc, SG 262. 7 .

deg-thengaid a good speaker, advocate : muna roib aca comet in d., Laws i 84. 16 .

deg-thengthach well-spoken : fer dána d., ZCP vi 50. 33 .

deg-thenn very strong : dúine deightheanna, Acall. 936 .

deg-thermonn a good asylum : dín ┐ d., ALC i 518. 9 .

deg-thidnacul a good gift Ériu iv 24. 13 .

deg-thimthirecht a good service : degthimthrechta ┐ degtallanda, Ml. 69 c 2 .

deg-thoirbert a goodly gift : ar troma a dhuas ┐ a dh. AFM v 1608. 7 .

deg-thóisech a good chief : degthoesech na buidne LL 100 b 17 . deaghthaoiseach, Top. Poems 24. 10 .

deg-thor a good multitude : buaidh cech d.-t[h]uir AFM ii 600. 14 . ib. 612. 17 .

deg-threb a goodly tribe : eiter cealla ┐ congbhála daoine ┐ deighthrebha crodh ┐ cethra, AFM i 454. 11 . Cf. degthrech.

deg-thromm very heavy Acall. 4954 .

deg-thuarastal good pay or wages AFM v 1814. 9 .

deg-ualach a good load ITS x p. 200 .

deg-Ulltach a brave Ulsterman : díne d., MR 220. 19 .

deg-ord a proper service : is cōir degurd do dēnam, Ériu i 44. 9 , 13 .

C In verb. cpds. deg:

deg-brissim I break well Acall. 1810 n. bar dindgna do degbrisiud, LL 225 a 25 .

deg-cóirigim I arrange well MS. Mat. p. 495 .

deg-cummaim I shape well: delb...derscnaigthi da cach deilb dar degcumad, MR 186. 25 .

deg-dénam: ronert co mor a maccu immon cocad do d., LL 228 b 12 .

deg-diglaim I avenge fully: rodegdiglad a bráthair leis, Cog. 100. 26 .

deg-ḟetur: rod. I know well IT iii 89. 6 .

deg-fognaim I serve well: Dia dia ndegḟognand LL 145 b 40 .

deg-rúnaigim I give good advice Ériu iii 162 § 14 .

deg-ṡeolaim I direct well: rodírgedh ┐ rodegṡeolad cruadhurchar cuca cacha certdhírge, MR 266. 5 .

deg-ṡocraim I establish firmly: rodhaingnigh ┐ rodheghṡocraidh...sin, ALC ii 354. 11 .

deg-therbaim I separate well Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 30 .

deg-thidnaicim I present well RC viii 348. 16 .

deg-thocbáil: a dhalta do dh. os cách, ALC i 552. 31 .

deg-thullim I deserve well: rodegthuill mór nualand nard, LL 137 b 14 .

1 dubach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dubach or dil.ie/18988

 

adj o,ā (dubae) gloomy, sad, mournful: gl. anxius, Ml. 19a7 , maerens, 118b11 . d.¤ .i. di-subach , Corm. s.v. marbh an ghēis, | dubhach a heóin da hēis, CF 1028 . as dubhach atáim aniugh, O'Gr. Cat. 220 . is d.¤ ar ndegail sad is our parting, BCC § 192 . gé atáit slóig co subach de, | bud brónach [d]ubach doirche, SG 239 . gur bho imshníomhach dúbhach, ML 108 . croidhe dubhach, Proverbs xiv 13 ; 1 Sam. i 8 . tír ṅdorcha ṅdub[ach] ndér ṅdrenn, SR 871 . díthrub d.¤ , Fél. Prol. 98 . saṁ d.¤ a gloomy summer, RC xxvi 46 . bés duine dhubhaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 1089 . dochonnairc . . . inghean ndubhaidh ndoidhealbha, 3 C 12, 357.20 . rapsat dubaig dobbrónaig, TBC-LL¹ 3244 . girbho chomraicthi dā ṡubach . . . sobbrónach . . . rapa (da) scarthain dā nd.¤ ndobbrónach, 3714 . sé co dubhach anḟosaidh ēcainteach, Ériu iii 152 . Cf. also: máthair . . . garbdalb dubadach díbláith, Metr. Dinds. iii 388 . is dubhach liom tu bheith mar chídhim, Oss. vi 6 .

dulach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dulach or dil.ie/19198

 

adj (1 dul) moving, swift-running: luid a curach donn dian d.¤ , Anecd. i 54 § 33 (Imram Curaig Maíle Dúin). tarrgrach d.¤ (: curach), 72 § 203 . tond dian d.¤ (: subach), 71 § 191 , 67 § 147 . hi craés curaich os tuind dulaigh, 63 § 109 . Cf. Fianchad Dulach (sobriquet), LL 329b30 .

fíanlach, fiallach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíanlach, fiallach or dil.ie/21955
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fíanláech, fiallach, fiallaig, fianlaighi, fíanláech

n o, s, m. (fian + sluag, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 14 ). Also fíanláech (cf. óclach, —lách, —láech). n s. in fiallach n-isin BDD 56 Eg. d s. fiallaig, TBC-LL¹ 4007 . n p. fianlaighi, AU 817 .

(a) a fian-band ; a band or troop of warriors: (1 ) fiallach .i. fian laoch no foireann laoch, O'Cl. in fíanlach aile the other champions LU 9169 ( FB 90 ). bá inmain in fianlag BDD 56 . ba he fiallach seng subach (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10 § 11 . toghal innsi L. for fianlach mār di maccaib bāis Luigne, AU 846 = AFM i 474.1 . da innisin dún tuarascbail ... a curad ... ┐ a fíallach feraind, TBC-LL¹ 5148 . leth fiallaig half a troop RC xiii 454.16 . f.¤ na toghla the attacking party Leb. Gab.(i) i 82 .

(b) later used in wider sense of a number or set of persons connected in some way or merely present together, commonly with pl. vb. : fíallach bátár úallchu .i. secht maic Ailella, BDD 42 . eocho in ḟiallaig sin (of four people) TBC-LL¹ 683 . co doruachtatar in fiallach aile cucai (= all the others), Thes. ii 328.44 = IT i 39 . don ḟialluch bite for a lar to those within Marco P. 49 . curpu ind fienlaig marbt[h]a of the slain CCath. 3585 . nuall an ḟiallaigh imneadhaigh (sinners on Judgment day), Ir. Monthly 1927, 263 . cid forbann le fiallach though some deem it excessive MR 240.15 . in fiallach fil oc gabail ime `the party who were suing him' Laws ii 256.19 Comm. crech fiallach [leg. —aig ?] bescna `plundered from people ... who have a `bescna' compact' iii 368.9 Comm . (cf. f. cāna, O'Dav. 1002 ). Oft. with qualifying gen. (like aes, lucht) : fiallach comair ... no fiallach an umaloiti `a co-ploughing, ... a good-will party ; Laws v 138.7 . fiallach ícci ┐ legis physicians TBC-LL¹ 3587 . imomhain for ainnribh ┐ for iallach n-ēadrum 'great fear for women and delicate people', BDC 248.394 . f. foraire watchmen 5091 . fiallach cíuil ┐ airfitid minstrels LL 109b11 . is o cheol atá nemhte[n]chus don fiallach airfitid, O'Mulc. 830d . cusin bhfialluch ngaiscid bui 'na mbroinn `with the armed men therein' Marco P. 114 . (2 ) inmain fianloech formnai gil, YBL 127b47 ( W.S. Festschr. 5 ) (alliteration not regular in this poem, but seems intended here). Cf. fianlaech mór, LL 333a47 (= f. mora, ZCP viii 319.1 . Rawl. 142b19 ). Probably fían láech, LU 6136 should be read fíanláech, with TBC-I¹ 1649 .

? foltnugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? foltnugad or dil.ie/23176

 

n u, m. abla cumra ... romgab f.¤ subach | fá boltnugad a mbolaid, SG 347.20 .

forfaílid, forb(f)aelid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forfaílid, forb(f)aelid or dil.ie/23591

 

Forms: forbaeltiseom

adj i (fáilid) very glad, joyous: ni forbáelid mo popa Laeg dia athiusc, LU 5999 ( = forboeilig, TBC-I¹ 1530 ). ba forbaelid cach uile de sin, Acall. 5359 . ba subach forbailid ro caithed in aidchi, Aen. 401 . ba forbailid lais in áirc ... do thorachtain, LB 130b8 . gnúis ... forbfáoilidh BNnÉ 280.22 . bá subhach forbfaoiligh cealla ┐ tuatha dia thoidhecht, AFM v 1314 . co feramail furbailigh, ZCP vi 67.7 . pl. at forbaeltiseom , LU 2277 ( FA 33 ). mor ndeighfer ... forbfailidh, CCath. 6025 . ro fersat na hingena forbhḟailig fris, BB 236b38 (= failte, LB 114a15 , fīrchaīn fāilti, YBL 62b36 ) is evidently corrupt.

fri

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fri or dil.ie/24329
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: frimm, rimm, frim, frím, frium, frimsa, friumsa, frit, fritt, friutt, fritsu, rut, rutt, fris, friss, frissom, f., frie, friae, frise, frie, frinn, rinn, rind, friunn, riund, frind, frinni, raindi, frinnai, frib, frithib, fribsi, friu, friú, friu, friü, frithiu, friithu, friusom, riom, rum, riot, rut, ris, ria, rinn, ruinn, ribh, ruibh, riú, r, frim, frit, fria, friar, fribar, fria, frim, frim, frim, ram, frit, frit, frit, rit, rat, rot, friar, friar, fribar, fribar, fria, fria, fria, re-na, rena, fria, fris(s)a, frisi-, risi-, fris-, ris-, frismbiat, fris-mbruchta, fris, fris, fris, risa, frisin-, frisnid, risnad, ris, fria, frisa, re n-, fria-, re, ra-n-adh, re, re, ré, freisin, FRI

prep. with acc. For etymology see Thurneysen, GOI § 839 , Fraser ZCP viii 37 , J. E. C. Williams, Celtica iii 126 . In later spelling prefixes h- to following initial stressed vowel; does not leníte following consonant (cf. frinna aill, Sg. 45a16 . fri nnach ..., Ml. 75a9 , fri nnech 23c20 ; but fri nech further on in same gloss and regularly elsewhere); the initial s- of the article following fri is preserved. In Middle Irish gradually replaced by the forms RI, RE (already in Ml: oc eregim re Abisolon, 44b4 , cf. fre, 90c27 ); RA (common in some LL texts, see CRR 54 , TBC-LL¹ 499 , 602 , 740 , etc.); rarely RO ( SR 1990 ZCP xiii 204 15 ); FRIA, RIA, RE also common. Hence in Early Mod. Ir. there is occasionally confusion with , RÍA `before', see Bergin's note Stor. Keat. p. xix , and section IX (e) below. Apart from this the latter prep. sometimes replaces FRI after fáilid, fáilte and kindred words (as in Mod. Ir.). On the parallelism of some of the pronominal forms of FRI with those of LA see GOI l.c. (with Translator's n. 178 ). Though FRI still appears in some later texts, especially those of the archaising type, it had become obsolete in the classical language. Its later form (RI, RE) remains down to the end of the Early Mod. period and is recognized by the grammarians as distinct from LE (LA), see IGT, Introd. § 75 , 24 P 8, 194 ( IGT VI , Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 7 ). In the modern spoken lang. it is replaced partly by LE, partly by CHUN (O.-Ir. dochum). For a contrary development cf. Engl. `with,' originally `against,' which has absorbed the functions of A.S. mid `(together) with.'

In development of meaning generally FRI shows a remarkable parallelism with Engl. ` with '; it also agrees with ` against ' in several senses.

Forms: With suff. pron.

sg. 1 frimm St. Paul Codex Thes. ii 298.17 . rimm, IT i 123.24 . frim, SR 1422 , 2049 . LU 5228 . LL 110b26 . frím Ml. 38c19 . frium, Ml. 71b9 . frimsa, Wb. 26d17 . Ml. 33a18 . friumsa, Ml. 127a2a .

2 frit, Wb. 5a31 . 10a29 ; Ml. 103d14 . SR 1425 . fritt LL 93a10 . 249b1 . friutt, PCr. 62b2 (= ḟrit, Sg. 151a3 ). fritsu Ml. 91d8 . 112b8 . rut, SR 2031 IT i 123.15 . rutt, LL 110b27 .

3 m., n. fris, Wb. 14c37 . 15a1 . 22c15 . ACL iii 304 [: [Mael] mis]. (: eisleis). SR 6109. 6317 . ([mēt] anfis) LL 33b21 . friss, Wb. 2c24 . 3c6 . 6a4 . 8a12 . 14d22 ; Ml. 91a21 . frissom Wb. 5d39 .

f.¤ frie, Sg. 72b1 . Ml. 40c15 . 67d15 . friae, 130c9 . Wb. 28a20 . cf. frise, Ml. 74c21 , which Ascoli corrected to frie ( Thes. i 722b ).

pl. 1 frinn, Wb. 4b12 . 17b10 . 19d22 . rinn, Ml. 54a3 . SR 1821 . rind, SR 1905 (: herḟi[o]nd). friunn, Ml. 38d20 . riund TBC-LL¹ 1874 . frind, LL 177b39 . frinni, Wb. 17b32 . 17c5 ; Ml. 32c15 . 93a13 . 106c12 . raindi, BColm. 68.9 . frinnai Ml. 91c9 . 114a8 .

2 frib, Wb. 17b16 . 22d9 . 24d26 . cf. frithib, Ériu iv 162.13 . fribsi, Wb. 14c42 . 17b14 .

3 friu, Wb. 4a10 . 4c37 . 24a4 ; Ml. 54c23 , 72b22 , 110c9 . LL 35a21 (: fiú) friú, Wb. 17b9 . Ml. 74a2 , diss. friu, Hy. V. 54 , cf. friü: at-chiü, ACL iii 294 § 10 ; frithiu, Blathm. 94 § 17 ; friithu, LU 4671 (see further GOI 515 ). friusom, Wb. 20c25 ; Ml. 17c5 , 54c18 ; 26 .

For forms found in later texts see citations below.

In the Early Mod. Grammatical Tracts the forms given are: riom, rum; riot, rut; ris; ria; rinn, ruinn; ribh, ruibh; riú, r, 24 P 8 194 ( Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 7 ).

With following poss. pron.: frim, frit, fria, friar, fribar, fria, e.g. frim ort. Wb. 29d2 . frim peccad, 28a14 . frim foraithmet, Ml. 23d9 ; ram anmain, TBC-LL¹ 3692 (rem St.). frit adrad su, Ml. 136c11 . frit c[h]ele, 70d2 ; frit laim, SR 5854 . rit láim, TBC-LL¹ 3055 . rat láma, 3052 . rot chlaind, SR 2031 . friar corp, Wb. 15c22 . friar fochric, 33a9 ; fribar n-ícc, Wb. 24b3 . fribar pecthu, 13b19 ; fria mbriathra, Wb. 31b30 . In Mid. Ir. the form `fria' is often used for the simple prep., hence occas. fria a = prep. + 3 s. pron. In Early Mod. Ir. 3 s. and pl. form re-na sometimes appears: rena ardnaem, BCC § 12 (see III c below). fria n-a, Fl. Earls 214.4 . Cf. the n- prefixed to poss. after le, ó, tre in Mod. Irish.

With rel. pron.: O. Ir. fris(s)a n ...; Mid. Ir. also frisi-, risi-, fris-, ris-: frismbiat, Sg. 202b3 . fris-mbruchta, Fél. June 21 . fris n-agar, E. 406 . fris-reith, Prolegomena 302 . fris-tarddam, Thes. ii 293.19 . risa n-abar, Acall. 53 , etc. With cop. frisin-, frisnid, risnad ail, LB 257b9 . ris na duthracht 256a44 . fria ndechraiged (= frisa nd.) Sg. 28a14 may be a mistake. In later MSS. the form re n- becomes common: fria-cosmailend, PH 7674 . re ndubairt, 7464 . ra-n-adh KMMisc. 156. 124 . re n-abar, Acall. 1241 , etc. re rāiter, Ériu viii 139.4 . ré raibhe, Keat. ii 4467 , etc.

Composition.

(a) In vn. and prototonic verbal forms, before a vowel, frith-; before a cons. fre-, e.g. frecre, fretech; with syncope of a follg. vowel, fres-, e.g. frescsiu, fresndid, fresndís, fresngabal. In Glosses fri is often used in compos. with a vb. to represent Lat. ob-. Later frith- is used before cons. with or without lenition of following cons.: see frithgnam, frithsét, etc.

(b) In deuterotonic verbal forms fris-; before an infixed pron. in rel. construction frith- or friss-: fritum-chomart-sa (= frith-dum-) Wb. 33a12 ; but friss-idn-oirctis, Ml. 39a20 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 147 and cf. Strachan's OIPG⁴ ed. Bergin, p. 27 n. 2 ).

SYNOPSIS OF MEANINGS.

N.B.—The classification is perforce somewhat arbitrary as, perhaps in the majority of instances, the meaning could derive from the original sense in I. Cf. J. E. C. Williams Celtica iii 122 ff .

I Of local relations

(a) towards, facing, turned to ;

(b) against (touching; cf. d); alongside, down along, by ;

(c) against (implying violent or hostile action);

(d) next to, at, in contact with (cf. b).

II To express association, along with, beside (both of local and mental relations).

III To express figurative direction

(a) aim, purpose (cf. VI), frequently of function, specific purpose;

(b) after adj. in sense of Lat. gerund or with ad or supine in -u;

(c) to express direction of feelings, behaviour towards (cf. I a);

(d) of prayer, etc. to ;

(e) of opposition to, hostile feeling, attitude towards ;

(f) to express protection, guard, watch against, also limitation, boundary;

(g) in elliptical sentences with these meanings.

IV

(a) after adjs., nouns or verbs expressing resemblance, equality or comparison;

(b) to express difference, distinction from .

V

(a) with respect to, with regard to ;

(b) on account of:

(c) on behalf of ;

(d) according to, in agreement with (cf. II).

VI To denote occasion

(a) with vn. or other abstract after subst. verb or equivalent;

(b) denoting the occasion (event, cause, etc.) on which something takes place.

VII To denote mental subjective attitude, in the opinion of .

VIII

(a) to denote agent;

(b) to denote instrument through, by means of .

IX In expressions of time

(a) in O.-Ir. in locatival sense;

(b) to denote period during which something continues or takes place;

(c) fixing a limit within which something takes place;

(d) of point of time;

(e) used for RIA ` before .'

X In regular or occasional construction with many verbs.

A classified list of the instances in Wb is given by Fraser ZCP viii 37 ff .

I Of local relations

(a) towards, facing, turned to: do rosc frisna nemdaib = looking heavenward SR 1604 . a n-aiged fri Dia facing God LU 2048 ( FA 12 . Cf. III c). a lām chlē fri muir the sea on their left SR 4074 (see lám). do cumlaiset for fairgi ┐ dochorsatar aurlunn fri tir, Corm. Bodl. s.v. prull . bai D. 'sa druim fri fraig D. had his back to the door SR 6053 . is amlaid bai in gilla ┐ a druim fria thigerna, TBC-I¹ 2327 (see druim(m)). Ethne ... fria chossa E. (standing) at his feet (i.e. at the foot of the bed) LU 3300 ( SCC 10 ). Carpre ... 's a hucht ra hág, LL 32b49 (see ucht). a druim re dimsachaib, a des fri deiblenaib, ZCP viii 204 § 26 . an let[h] bis rinne don rē the side of the moon turned towards us ITS xiv 90.19 . fri bun cruche at the foot of the gallows Mon. Tall. § 1 . síl nÁdhuimh ... re sáluibh a senathar at the heels of (i.e. following) Ériu iv 118 § 33 . níor chubaidh tigearna ... d'ḟágbáil re caladh on the beach [i.e. when about to land; perh. fig. cf. beirid i gcaladh brings to safety, see 1 calad] viii 139.23 . dā traig .x. ... a [sic leg.] fot fri dún its length towards the stockade (of the internal slope of an earthen rampart) Laws iv 336.23 . dā dúncladh ... ré dá taebh na clasach along both sides of the fosse CCath. 1747 . ní thurcaibh crand ... cét míle fria taebhaibh within a hundred miles from (lit. towards) its sides Marco P. 11 [cf. the temporal use IX (c)]. See also phrases s.v. agad, ais, enech, gnúis, sáil, taeb, ucht.

This use is regular in Old-Ir. in stating relative position: fri Grecia aniar ... fri Etáil anáir west of Greece ... east of Italy Wb. 6d17 . fri Alpai ndesiu (gl. cisalpina) Sg. 217b8 . frie anall ... frie desiu (gl. ultra ... citra) 71b1 , 2 . fri Ath F.D. desiu, TBC-I¹ 2183 . frie anechtair outside it Ml. 40c15 . fri Pardus amuich outside Paradise SR 111 . ra chuala sa fri hEmain andess I heard it (as I was) to the south of Emain LU 5056 . altoir fri dorus antuaid, SR 4261 [cf. la taeb ind rigthaige aniar, LL 3810 (30a) ]. a mmag fris anair the plain in front of him LL 122a33 . co ndechaid [in gai] triana chend ┐ co ro marb nónbur ris aníar behind him 121a21 . frit aniar, LU 4134 . is e a chorp in taitneamach rit anall the shining one opposite thee RC xxiv 60 . Also fig. : foscichret i crandchor ... fáicebthair Lugaid fris anechtair they will cast lots for it... L. will be left out of the chance RC xiii 444x ( LL 289b8 ). See also s.v. lám (fri l.).

It is doubtful whether: i mbae neach fri hopair immuig BB 362a21 (= Dinds. 20 ) is an instance of this construction; the literal meaning here is was anyone at a work outside ? The Rennes `amuig' is perhaps merely a late spelling.

After verb or vn.: tan turcbad E. a di láim fri Coimdid nime, SR 5085 . suidig do da laim fri ... clasp thy hands (in prayer) to ... 1606 . rosecroth a chend frisin slúag brandished his (severed) head at the host LU 5269 . crothad in chind frisin slóg, 5280 . donnochtat a mbruinni fris bared their bosoms to him 5199 . rochoraig fri tenid he arranged [them] before the fire RC xiii 6.21 . roscóraig gnúis fri gnúis (see gnúis) LU 2046 ( FA 12 ).

Cf. tuídhleach ind óir frisin ngréin the glistening of the gold against the sun BDD 1 . crand airgit ris tatin grían LU 3700 ( SCC 33 ).

(b) against (touching), alongside, down along by: doesetar ┐ a nglūne fri talmain, TBC-I¹ 3164 . éc fri hadart death against a pillow i.e. a natural death Lib. Hymn. i 62.72 (see adart). fri etnu dam ... bátár fedmand la firu Herend = [till then] the loads had been harnessed to the foreheads of the oxen LU 10816 (= Ériu xii 178 ). tennait a n-ette fria curpu press their wings against their sides LU 2281 ( FA 33 ). cf. doimmaircet ind eoin a n-ette friu ┐ a cossa can scibud ette ná cosse co tairic in precept the birds fold their wings, etc. LU 1361 . dosnimthasa i llai a broit fri a bruinde `gathered her to his bosom in the fleece of his cloak' Ériu xii 154y . co tard a druim frisin liic leaned his back against the stone LU 3284 ( SCC 8 ). dossleced fria thoeb he let them (i.e. his arms) fall to his sides SR 5091 = no thimoirced a lama fria thoeb, LB 124b29 (cf. LU 1361 above).

In local sense of attached to or pending from: úathroic ... cona cimais do banór fria having a fringe LU 6421 . beilge óir friu golden bits on them TBFr. § 3 . srian ... fria graig, LU 3649 . Cf. srian do thabairt fria thoil to bridle his passion PH 4990 (see srían). Cf. la I (a).

Here perhaps: i ngialnai fri fraigid in hostage-ship at the wall LU 7015 ; 7295 ( BDD 66 ; 94 ). (of the brazen serpent, Numbers xxi 9 :) turgabar fri crann ... uasin [t]slúag fri sirsellad let it be hung on a pole to be gazed at SR 4163 .

Cf. an carracc ard ar cuiretar ... an Tigerna da teilgen ría sís to cast him down from it Maund. 106 . tuitim sioss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86z .

(c) against (implying violence or hostility; cf. III e): rop saiget húan fri demnai, Hy i 20 . friu conuccaib ind oub, Hy v 54 . conéracht Glaiss Ch. friu the stream C. rose against them (= to bar the way) LU 5362 . Cf. conocbath in carpat fris ... ┐ concligtis ind h[e]ich fris the chariot would tilt up before him and the horses would spring at him Ériu vi 134.21 . bēim a cinn fri cloich, Ml. 139c3 . beim cind fri hall, LL 225b38 (see benaid). esarcain cind fri hallib, 176b33 . aiges (feras) in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.19 (21) . cf. FB 44 , see fri. See also phrases with cúl, druim(m), lám).

(d) next to, at: folt dond fri toind a chind, folt croderg iar n-airmedon, LU 2564 . dond fri toind cind, 6542 . lene de sról ... i custul fri gelcnes ... dó, 6296 . léne ... sita fria gelchnes, 1810 . cona luirigh ... ria cnes ... ┐ lethan sciath fria gualaind, Stair Erc. 1243 . In this use frequent with ais, cnes, taeb.

II To express association, along with, beside (of local or mental relations, cf. V d): ní bí friu hi comasndeis it is not with them in apposition Sg. 212a5 . in tan mbís nihelas do .u. fri .g. when u is silent beside g, 6b11 . nobiad fri femen `it would be [used] with the feminine' 207b2 . ní biat remsuidigthi friu `there are no prepositions with them' 215a5 (cf. biit remsuidigthi ... cen briathra leo ib. 6). See also s.v. comṡuidigud. is tabarthi `bonum est' fri cechtar in da fersa so, Ml. 112d1 . cen tabairt anman trén fríu, 30a9 (see do-beir). ni bai crand dond indsi fri aroile (i.e. the walls were shattered) Anecd. i 2.5 . ar choibnius frisna comaccomla sa, Sg. 203a10 . in oentid fri Crist, Wb. 15a12 . ni ba suair[c] comlepaid no comaentu frissi, TBC-LL¹ 2079 (fris St) In: ni reid bith fris im longud no im ligi, LU 5957 , the meaning may be different; see atá (fri). toeb fri toeb ata in ri is Eocho F. side by side LU 2839 (see taeb). comaitecht re hairdrigh, ZCP viii 116.5 . méraid ra cách a chumne TBC-LL¹ 740 (here perhaps: meraid hua chlaind fri claind Ml. 100b4 ). is frit mo chairde `with Thee is my compact' Fél. Ep. 534 . (see cairde). iar corai fri I. after making a pact with I. SR 5946 . Cf. córe fri Dia, Wb. 2d16 . is core doib fribsi (gl. salutate invicem) 18b19 . bad chore dúib friu, 7b4 ; - 14 (`lit. let it be peace to you towards them' Thes., but the original meaning of córe points to `with' as the sense of the prep. here). Cf. also: biid pax libsi fri cách (gl. cum omnibus hominibus pacem habentes) 5d33 .

Here probably: isi no beired teora pōc fria cach copān ... dō, TBC-I¹ 2218 . Cf. further: hi cocetul fri Eman in unison with Hib. Min. 4.12 . do dlommad E. is A. ... fri gorta, SR 1419 . ara toimlid fri sid sain | toirthi Parduis, 1085 . taed as fri sidh ┐ fri subha `let him go ... in peace and happiness' AFM 979 .

In this sense with verbs of joining, connecting, also occasionally with verbs of motion and in nominal phrases, such as imma llé fri, immaróen fri, see s.v. , óen (cf. Ériu xiv 142 n . ) also cos, taeb.

In: crithnaigset ... immar bocsimin fri sruth the meaning of the prep. is doubtful. curtar a fuigill re sruth ┐ re fairgi `be the remnant cast out to be carried off by the sea-tide' O'Gr. Cat. 182w . Cf. perhaps: Drochet Atha do dhul re sruth `D. was carried away by the flood' ALC i 260.7 , though these may be exx. of the confusion of re (FRI) with le (LA). curcas fri sruth, FB 44 ; `against a stream' Strachan ZCP iii 419 . Cf. Ériu i 194.4 . See 1 téit and la I (d).

Passing into sense in addition to: tris fer friu (gl. te tertium) Sg. 2a5 . cethri chet bliadan ... a noe sechtmogat fri sein, Rawl. 68b31 ( ZCP iii 18 ). Cf. is fri ni dona salmaib dognid a figild, Mon. Tall. § 5 . fris sin moreover, besides , Leb. Gab.(i) i 88.1 . Hugh Roe 114.1 (f. 30b) . Cf. mod. freisin. For a special sense of with see Mon. Tall. cited under V (d).

III To express fig. direction (cf. V a);

(a) aim, purpose, freq. of function, specific purpose: cen nech dim chlaind frim foraithmet to preserve my memory Ml. 23d9 . ce notechtad ilgotha fri inchosc in mrechtraid sin `that it should possess many sounds to express that variety' Sg. 197a11 . ní fris arícht fri slond persine it was not for that it was invented, to signify person ib. (cf. cid arna airecht pronomen ... dia ṡlund, 198b3 ). in bríg frissa ndéntar a saithar sin the value for which that labour is performed Wb. 11a9 . am loor fri cach reit (gl. ego ... dedici, in quibus sum, sufficiens esse) 24b16 . altoir ... | fri loscud n-edpart an altar for burning [ = on which to burn] offerings SR 4162 . dá magh ... do ṡlaidhi ... co rabad do grés fri geilt do ceithrib ┐ fri trebad do daīnib, Ériu xii 150.6 . primepscop ... accu fri huirdned a n-oessa graid, fri coisecrad a n-eclas ┐ fri hanmchairdes do ḟlaithib, etc. Ériu i 218.2 . sechtmoga fer fria cobair to aid them SR 4196 . drong ngilla ... fri timthirecht, 6280 . ra ergitar ... dalemain fri dail, LL 173a27 ( CRR 13 ). mōr salm | fri hindarba plāg-tedmann, BColm. 70.8 . slóged hi crích ... fri indnaide slogid tairse a hosting into a country to delay a hosting (coming) across it Críth G. 511 . fergniae fri forngaire ndoirseo, 591 . In this sense perhaps in: fót fri haltóir, see 1 fót (d). pars de feoil fri foimtin terci as a precaution against scarcity Mon. Tall. § 12 . Here perhaps: dognith Saul intleda ... fri Duaid used to lay snares against D. Ml. 30a3 . techt do Roim ... fri foglaim n-ecnai, Trip.² 241 . roairis re sloind senchasa he remained to relate Ériu iv 152.6 [or remained relating ? See VI (a)]. cid frisi farcbad int id for what end the withe was left LU 4752 (= cid imma ndernad int id, TBC-LL¹ 597 ). cid frisindrolais in cloich why hast thou thrown the stone ? LU 5092 . o tancamair friss `since we have come for it' ( = for that purpose) Fél. 72.24 (cf. inní imo tainic ib. 30 ). co ndernur inní fris tánac LU 4347 . Cf. doluid Saul fri tāirsin David i fus, SR 5959 . lurech imme ... fri cathugud, SR 5757 . treb Leue ... immon eclais fria immarchur, 4883 . docúaidh B. frissan umaloitt sin gusin muilenn `on that service' BNnÉ 26 § 19 . téit féin re toisc ┐ re túrus a crichaib na hEspáine on business CCath. 1806 , cf. do chuaidh gach aon rea dtoisgibh ┐ rea dturasaibh féin, ML 26x (= le tosgaib fein, ML² 347 ). The follg. perhaps are elliptical: the idea represented is anticipating, forestalling: dogniad pars de feoil fre terci do t[h]ecmong = as a provision against the occurrence of scarcity Mon. Tall. § 12 . do na .u. gaiscedaib dec no bitís ... hi tegluch C. fri maidm n-airm no fri gabáil ngasced do neoch LU 5046 . Cf. Fél. Nov. 14 cited VI b.

(b) after adjs. in sense of Lat. gerund with ad or supine in -u: leiscc .i. fri fognam, Wb. 31b23 . conid mesc fria rim so that it is confusing to count it LU 4794 . ba gnim ṅdangen fri himluad, SR 7229 . ingnad fria innisin, LU 2074 ( FA 15 ). adhbal rea n-innisi prodigious to recount ZCP viii 204 § 26 . cenco beth ... and acht C. ba lór fri immarbaig, LL 107a19 ( Ériu iv 28 ). lia iná rúainne ... re n-áireamh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1201 . Cf. atait ... re a ttaispenadh go follus are plainly to be seen Fl. Earls 50.12 . In this use modern Irish has le (LA).

(c) to express direction of feelings; behaviour towards, after nouns or adjs., both of persons and things (cf. I a and V a): conroib deserc leu fri cách, Wb. 26d22 . fáilte fri noíbu, 7b2 (see fáilte). ar formut fribsi, 12c29 (see format and formtech). ropat ḟáilti frimsa, Fél. Dec. 18 (see fáilid). hissel fri hard, sleman fri garb, ZCP iii 447z . anmne fri fochaidi, 449.15 (see ainmne). mailli fri cloc slowness at (answering) the bell ib. 21 . dána fri tōla tromsluaig daring in face of an army SR 5778 . uair ná dernsam huimli fri forngaire, 1854 . ar gart friu for generosity to them ZCP viii 313.12 . créd nach frim atā a maithe ? why is not their bounty bestowed on me ? ACL iii 296 § 38 . ní ar maith friu it is not for their good Wb. 4b37 . ar ulc friu, Ml. 72b22 . tar aesi n-uilc huai[m] se friusom, 74a2 (see also s.v. maith, olc). bad chert do cluchi frim play fair with me LU 5228 . ar ngabáil bāide ... dō rena ardnaem having conceived affection for his high saint BCC § 12 . lére duit frí ríg ngréne ┐ réde fri doíni, Ériu i 193 . is buide linn frib (gl. rogamus vos) Wb. 25a39 (see 2 buide). is maith robai Dia rind, SR 1905 . ní maith ro mbátar frim they have not treated me well LU 4891 . Cf. is maith ro ngabus fritt, TBFr. § 11 . bad faitig frisin foirin sin (gl. observate eos) Wb. 24a23 (see faitech). bid cennuis a gnuis risin lucht ra-nadh (= frisndid) rathmar to whom he is gracious KMMisc. 156.124 . in maith frit menma ind airdríg whether the king is well-disposed to thee SR 6114 . ba fearr di frib menma bar mathar, RC xxiv 56 ( YBL 206a47 ). Cf. is beite duit menma fris `thou must take heed of him' Ériu xii 176.16 . Similarly in expressions like: do-gní maith (trócaire, etc.) fri (see do-gní). nech no comaildfed fir fer frimb uime RC xiii 29.6 .

(d) of prayer, etc. to: irnigde fri Dia, Wb. 4d18 . cf. abstanait fri Dia, PH 4988 . ro throiscset ... fri Dia im a ḟurtacht, 7258 (see troiscid). im aīne fri Dia cora faillsigthi dō ... fasting towards God, that ... might be revealed to him Ériu v 120.12 . Similarly: frit, a rí ..., mo dēr | conom thī ... Mīchēl, SR 2091 . co ndēraib frisin coimdid, PH 6292 . (cf. use with ad-teich). cossoít a thuaithe fri Dia, Wb. 5a23 (see cosaít). Here, perhaps, should come such expressions as the following: ar Christ frit, aithirigh pēin dam, Cáin Ad. 13 . ar do chubus riut, a ingen, crét tuc ort ?, Acall. 6012 . ar bar cubus rib..., crét..., 5476 . ar fir do chubais riut..., 5824 . cf. 4544 . ar t'ḟírinne riutsa, nā furáil, CCath. 1659 .

(e) of hostile feeling, attitude, conduct towards: fri aicned contrary to nature Wb. 2c25 . ba fri aicned ... in talam ... do indluch, Ml. 129d8 . frisin n-uall (gl. adversum inflationem mentis) 68c1 . trifar pecthu fri Dia through your sins against God 115b8 . Common after verbs of opposing, hindering, fighting: hóre nád comeicnigther nech fri toil no one is constrained against [his] will Wb. 28b1 . tuidecht fri toil Dé resistance to God's will 4c23 (see do-tét). cf. o dorala ... | frim thala mac I. | duit ... | niba céle SR 6014 , where opposition seems implied despite the similar phrase cited below under V (d). soud a gnuso fri nech frisa mbi ferc do (gl. ne auertas [faciem tuam] a me Ml. 47d8 (`to turn his countenance from one against whom he cherishes anger' Thes., but surely `fri nech' here must also mean either against ... or towards ... ? See soïd). fergach fris Fíadu, SR 6837 . iar ndebaid do fri Duid, 6994 . na cathaig frim do not contend with me 2877 . ni sirsan do Ch. a n-imned i tá a óenur fri firu Herend not happy for C is the trouble in which he is, alone against the men of E. LU 5995 . Cf. do thoitim fria Cu | ba dirsan sad that thou shouldst fall by [ = fighting against] C. (?) TBC-I¹ 2715 (see also III g). Mairg fris ticfa a ḟerg ... Mairg ticfa re cert, Fen. 200 (see do-icc). ar bruc fris `in displeasure at him' Mon. Tall. § 58 . namthi garga fri sluagh nA., ACL iii 297 § 55 . atat frim hi cotarsnai, SR 1520 . Cf. ni bia th'anim fri fugall | ind ríg hí laithiú brótho, Ériu i 196 § 13a . With adj.: cotarsne fri Dia, Wb. 26a18 . is torcda ┐ is díchéill notaí frim, LU 10831 (= Ériu xii 172 ). is bairnech mo menma frit, LU 10832 (= ib.). is tromda atai rim, RC vi 183.13 . olc roba rim, Ériu v 208.8 (see III c). Here perhaps: tromde ... ro buí frisim ind chaillech oc atach Dé, Mon. Tall. § 7 (= do bhí sí roliosda ar Dh., Rule of Tallaght § 41 ). But cf. VII below.

(f) To express protection, guard, defence, watch against: gabthe dūnad les fris, Ml. 55c1 . inna cathrach conrotacht la Duaid fri Ebustu, 48d27 . múr trén ... fri dóini, fri demnai, Fél. Ep. 152 . tocuiriur etrum ... inna huli nert so fri cech nert n-amnas in ..., Hy vii 49 . cor gabad Sinann friu the Shannon was held (defended) against them RC xviii 10.28 . gébtaít ar tír frind, LU 4634 (see gaibid). iadad Caisil frim eochu the closing of C. to my horses Anecd. iii 63.4 . cóir duit arechus ri siút, TBC-LL¹ 1280 (aire do tabairt fri ... St; see 1 aire). Dia lem fri cech snīomh, Ériu iv 236 . Crist credal fri demnaib, ACL iii 221.12 . dín ... re holcaib, ZCP viii 202.18 . Of limitation, boundary: nā bí crích la nech fri peccad that no one sets a limit to sin Ériu i 218.9 . Cf. samaiges crích fri aidchi, Hy ii 55 , corresp. to contra noctem terminum pones, Ardm. 8a1 . See also s.v. inillius.

(g) In elliptical sentt.: leic ... in fognam, ol se; ni lamaim, ol sī, frisin rigain = I dare not disobey the Queen RC xxiv 192 (but perh. FRI here = because of; see V b ). ro an ... ina aenar ru remained alone to oppose them ZCP vi 56.31 . rofetursa a n-as maith dúib fris I know a good way for you to deal with him LU 5934 . tarmairt mo Dia dil frisin tuaid ... a cor fo leittreib lethglenn = my dear God had well nigh (in His resentment) against them cast them down ... SR 4718 . Cf. lām fri idal to renounce idolatry SR 4845 (see lám).

IV

(a) after adjs. and nouns denoting resemblance or equality (esp. those compounded with com-) and vbs. of resembling or comparing: cosmil fri cethir (gl. animalis) Wb. 8b14 . cutrummus fri Dia, 17c8 . i cutrummus fribsi 17b14 . ɔodernain hi cutrummus frim cheliu `to do like my fellows' PCr. 2a2 . (pariter) fri, Sg. 77a2 . i tomus fri nech Wb. 17b11 . intamail ... fri nech, Ml. 22c1 . cen a chondelg fri nech, Sg. 42a6 . cosmaili tuisil `sui' fri tuisliu `ego' ┐ `tu', 200a12 . (similiter) fri, 203a5 . cf. (eandem significationem habens) .i. fri `cum', 218a1 . diatā oenḟolaid ... frissin Athair, PH 177 . ba cudruma re core mōr é, RC xviii 183 . ni caithedh acht coibeis fri gach manach he used to eat only as much as any other monk BNnÉ 300 § 3 . nir chumma nech ris im chath, Metr. Dinds. iv 344 . ru boí i comré ri Cormac, LL 3796 (30a) . i comhrē ris coeval with him Moling 4 . rogheanair i n-aenuair fria was born at the same time as she BB 406bz (= Dinds. 111 ). Cf. IX (b).

Replacing O. Ir. construction with equative: comdhub fri hec, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 (prull) = duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . Bodl. comard fri fid, Ériu iv 138.26 . meidithir fria hasal as big as an ass Marco P. 10 . corbo chomfota frisin sroin LU 6472 .

See also verbs and adjs. of comparison, e.g. 1 do-ella, samlaithir, in-samlathar; cosmail, 2 cutrummae, etc.

(b) to express difference, distinction from : frissaní immeraidtis (gl. longe aliud) Ml. 61c12 . sain fri .c. `different to c' Sg. 6b7 . do dechor fri praenomna aili, 28a13 . huare nád deligedar fri praenomen , 28a15 . do dechrugud persine fri alaili, 202a4 . is allail pronomen aní sin fri `sui' (gl. `is' aliud pronomen...) 209b10 . (differentia) fri, 213b15 , gl. contra 214b4 . Cf. nipo choím less frinn He was not dear to Him compared to us (?) Wb. 4b12 [Fraser l.c. suggests this rendering, ZCP viii 41 n . `in our case (?),' Thes.].

See s.v. 1 dechor, dechraigidir, deiligidir and other words of similar meaning.

V

(a) with respect to, with regard to (cf. III c) : is sain fri cath sain fri scor different for battle, different for unyoking (of trumpet-call) Wb. 12c46 . idain fri cach réit faithful as to 31c13 . cen chinaid n-uaim fri nech, Ml. 54d16 (see cin). nach é Dia is ciontach riú is to blame for them TSh. 10499 . as eola fri aidgne ind Athar, Wb. 19d9 . it maithi a arilti frib `He deserves well of you' (`literally good are his merits as to you' Thes.) Wb. 16c11 . airle Dé fri Herind, LL 49b13 ( Hail Brigit § 2 ). .iiii. seóit a dire ... is fechem is fiadnaisi friu `four seds are his `dire'-fine ... he is a suitor and witness for them' (i.e. he is liable to that extent) Laws iv 308.2 ( Críth G. 138 ). is amlaid in t-athair frisin mac ngor; ... nimtha in t-athair frisin mac n-ingor thus the father acts with regard to the dutiful son; ... not so with regard to the undutiful one Laws iii 56. 22 ; z 0 . ba fria as-breth: cruth cách co hÉtaín 'of her was it said, 'every woman is fair till compared with Étaín'' BDD 43-44 , Celtica xv 57 . 'fer hi lorcc so,' ol in fer deginuch fri Nero 'a man is following us,' said the last man with regard to Nera RC x 216.48 . conidh ed isberdís cách fris, Cóir Anm. ii § 150 .

Cf. further: crādiis Ultu fri Cethirnd guin Fécc the slaying of F. imbittered the U. against C., ZCP viii 305.32 . ferdha a cathuibh iat, ar is friu ronnaltadh oc imairecc fria geinnti, Marco P. 189 . ro alt ... ind ingen co digrais fri légend ┐ gaís, LL 279a47 ( SG 413 ). Possibly the last two exx. belong rather to III (a), also : is me is cintach fris ni he is cintach frim, BB 479b14 (see cintach). See also : a lleth fri, s.v. leth.

(b) on account of (cf. VI b) : ro lega in snechta ... fri meit brotha in miled, LU 5858 . ba lond F. friside (-suidi), RC xxvi 12 § ix . saeth mār fri luga dige great distress from [?] lack of drink Fianaig. 12 § 20 . cid mís no bheinn gun ríg thess | ro-fess ná bíad mo scís fris, ACL iii 304.20 . ní ḟaicim-si ... ni rís budh choir t'obadh for which it were right to refuse thee Ériu iii 154.5 . atchess ... na haīble tened ... uasachind re fiuchud na ferge, LU 6466 . ba mertnech Moisi fri hilchaingni ... fri orddugugd cāich fo mām, SR 4542 . batar toirsech fri Moisi, 3886 (in these two exx. fri = oc of prose LB 122a etc.). féimdid sim imt[h]echt fri scíss he cannot go on from weariness BColm. 94.16 . ni ro chotail C. fri himṡním, LB 274a55 . ni faict[h]e ise fri feidm a léiginn she used not be seen because of her duty of study ACL iii 308 VI 13 . Cf. la III a.

(c) on behalf of: aitchitt an C. ris comad he noberad, etc. they beseech the Lord for him that it might be he BColm. 98.15 . dogníther airnaigthi frisin ríg co nambed fot saegail do, MacCongl. 59.23 . ica cantain fria Cianoig chanting (a prayer) for C. ZCP vii 308.7 . Cf. also : ata mo briathar ┐ mo comairghi fria ar Tuatha D., Ériu xii 152.9 . o doratsat briathair fris, CCath. 1236 . in tī bes rí is fris beimmi, ZCP viii 316.3 . See do-beir, gell, and ráith.

(d) according to ; in agreement with, with pers. somet. = in obedience to: ni ni nach breith nā bi fri canoin cumtastar [sic leg.] no judgement is valid that is not framed according to the canon Corm. Y 1224 . cf. manib fri fasach fuirmider, Ériu xii 199.23 . fri mes airechta adrimter, Laws iv 298.25 ( Críth G. 22 ). fri saltair nogebad ... a salmu by the psalter (i.e. with the psalter before him), Mon. Tall. § 39 , cf. ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill dia gabail ind tsailm de memur indas cid fri saltair ib.). fosernd clothri Connacht ... fri senchus ... fri buaid ┐ breatha in conformity with (the claims of) pedigree, with prowess and legal decision ZCP viii 108.10 = Ériu v 234 . bid som iarum fria toil (= they will be able to do as they like) Mon. Tall. § 35 (= go mbid ... aca ara ttoil fein, Rule of Tallaght § 35 ). fri tala ind rig ... domrala I am about the king's business SR 6187 (Rex praecepit mihi 1 Reg. xxi 2 ). cia ro delb fria thuil a ndath who coloured them to please himself (?) SR 7675 . For FRI TOIL in a different sense, see III (e). Cf. nitattorbi fri toil Dé (gl. non omnia expediunt 1 Corinth. x 22 ) `against God's will' Thes., Wb. 11b 17a . Also : ind tí dogní ní do maith fria menmain fadesin ... ar ind bo neoch gabti he who does a good thing in accordance with his own inclination ... should openly proclaim it Mon. Tall. § 21 (= chuirios ní maith ... do dheunamh uaidhe fein, Rule of Tallaght 71 ).

VI

(a) with vn. or other abstract after subst. vb. or equivalent = to be at, engaged in or about to engage in (some occupation, process ; cf. III a) : in tinscanfam .i. in biam fris (gl. incipimus ... commendare ?) Wb. 15a1 . ní uisse do mug Dae buith fri debuid to be at strife 30b26 . cf. ní bethe fria acre, 9c20 . ni piam fri aithirgi, 30b17 . ni biat som fria togais adi (= non fallacia ad quoscumque loquuntur) Ml. 31a17 . cechtar nathar fria saindān `each ... at his special art' Thes. ii 293.14 . feib donrala fri comrad, SR 1214 . indí ... bíte fri tnúith `those that are given to lust' Mon. Tall. § 11 . nebbuith fri éthech not to be lying Ériu ii 64 § 6 . céin bete fri soíthar while they shall be at work Fél. Ep. 298 . in tan natbi fri frestal na n-anmand when he is not attending to LB 110b43 (cf. SR 1199 ). ní mo chean ... tarrla re freastal ... na fairrgi sin, CF 42 . amail do beith se re goibhnecht ríam as if he had always been at smith's work BCC § 92 . na saoithe do bhí re seanchus, Keat. i 74 . cuirim suas don ghrádh, | ní fiú é bheith ris, Dánta Gr. xiv 3 . Cf. boí a ben fri idna in travail LU 105.86 (see 1 idu). Similarly without subst. vb. : nachitochthad fria choscc `let him not wear thee out in admonishing him' Wb. 31d11 . conus tarttsat fria ttoghairm chuca an lucht they set about calling the people Hugh Roe § 8 . Cf. airfitech re tetaib, ACL iii 223.23 (= Keat. ii 5358 ). dias fri cerdacht, SR 190 (perh. III a). dá mbeinn re héagnach `had I purposed to revile' Content. v 7 (cf. le hóradh bhriat[h]ar da mbeinn, Ó Héodhusa 4 ). In class. lang. `re' is used with vn. to express futurity : an chathair atá ré teacht ( = civitatem futuram) TSh. 2751 . i n-oirchill na n-olc bhíos ré tuirling orra, 532 .

(b) denoting the occasion (event, cause, etc.) on or from which something takes place (some of the exx. could be explained as extensions of other uses (cf. V b ; IX a) ; often the construction is elliptical) : gaibed cach a greimm ... | fria brethir in primsacairt, SR 4400 . ba huisse soillse fri éitsecht na noeb at the death Hy ii 60 . Cf. co mbidis i nd-aenmaigin fria n-ég, Corm. Y 1233 (fri héc LB. ria n-ec LL 179b ). fri gein Críst ... tindscan lechsa léri, Fél. Nov. 14 (cf. III a). ro eirgis fri breithir Isu, PH 2780 . ret[h]it daim ... ri dorddan na damgaire, Ériu vii 2 § 1 . phreab as G. risan gair, Ériu i 18.33 . ac cantain cheóil ... fris coteltais Síl Adaim, LL 3305 ( Ériu xiv 156 ).

VII To denote mental subjective attitude, in the opinion of (cf. similar use of Lat. apud, and see la) : ni cumdabairt fri Cirine is tre metur Jerome does not doubt Hib. Min. 6.187 . nad maith fri C. ciasperthar ..., 7.235 . frithir frisin mac i n-ebras riss, Ériu vii 225 ( LL 209a16 ). ba bind fri cach na canaind, LU 1301 (`sweet to all was what I said' Imr. Brain ii 298 . But this may be ex. of : canaid fri). bid inmain fria cách a ainm loved of all PH 4299 . ba hingnad mor frisin popul sin, 2959 . ba mo a grad fri Gargán oldait a uli cethra G. loved him more than all his cattle 7178 . Cf. Mon. Tall. § 7 cited under III (e) where the meaning seems different. gurbh annsa ré hEóin Críost ioná ré Peadar Christ was dearer to John than to Peter TSh. 10327 .

VIII

(a) to denote agent (a late use, mostly in texts in artificial style). ar na bennughadh fri sanctuss Silvester consecrated by Fl. Earls 196.19 . laech ... frisimbia mo thiglecht (= who will cause my death) Metr. Dinds. iv 360 (but perh. this is ellipt. and belongs to III (e) ; cf. TBC2 cited there). romarbtha na maithe ... frisna crechairib LB 154a63 . in lucht frisa tucad in digal .i. Uespiam ┐ Titus ib. 16 . Constantiana ... .i. eclas rocúmdaiged fri Constantin 157b48 . Of parenthood : trī meic Medba fri Fergus, Corp. Gen. 279.33 . sē meic do Mīlidh fri Scota ┐ dā mac frisin nEspānaig 'Míl had six sons of Scota, and two sons of the Spanish woman', ITS xliv 64 § 424 . do chomthusmed clainni fri hA. to have children by A., Alex. 512 .

(b) to denote instrument, through, by means of, by dint of (cf. similar uses of Engl. `with') : sénais Brigit fria bachaill with her crozier Hy v 58 T = lia F. fria noebainm ... séntae cech slóg subach by [or at ?] his holy name every happy host was sained Fél. Prol. 99 . ícaid [Tipra C.] gallrae ... fri troscud aici, BColm. 52.15 . argain fri daigid (destroying by fire LL 107a21 ( Ériu iv 28 ), cf. multi nobiles ceciderunt ... fri daigidh ro horta uile, AU 900 (see RIA Dict. s.v. daig). go nach deachaidh neach re siúbhal ... as no one escaped by flight ML 88.31 . re dán nglas ... dán breaghdha do bhréagnachadh with a simple poem to refute an elaborate one Content. vii 13 . ro ēirigh fri nert seoin ┐ solaid, Moling § 4 (possibly = with here cf. dol ar fairrge ... ré cóir na gaoithe = with a favourable wind ML 36z = le ML² 466 . cuir me ... chum seoil ... re cóir ghloin, Measgra D. 48.16 ).

IX In expressions of time :—

(a) in O. Ir. in locatival sense in phrase : fri dē by day, in the day-time Ml. 121d8 . Wb. 6a30 . fri dei, 9a5 , 24d14 , 26b17 . Cf. in gabail fri dei ... in gabail cech ráithi a catch (of fish) daily (?) Trip. 250.14 (2950) . fri díe, Mon. Tall. § 55 . fri haidchi by night Trip. 208.25 (2452) . gl. contra noctem Lat. Lives 18 . re lá, Ériu iii 148 § 3 . arna imbreth ... i n-aidchi cía nosgonad fri dé, LU 5609 .

(b) usually to denote period during which something continues or takes place : 'na fuair frisna secht ṁbliadnaib SR 3394 . fri a n-aimsir in their time Laws iv 210.28 . niro chotail C. frisin ré sin, LU 6337 . fria ré hi fut a saegail for their lifetime SR 5932 . bai cocad mor etarro fri re ciana RC xxiv 186 . batar ... fri re secht la amlaid sin, ACL iii 225.1 . conosrala for sechrán fri re bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 . bá-sa i Tul T. fri ré inna dílenn, Ériu iv 144y . maith graig dorat damh rem lá in my day ACL iii 304.23 . D. ba talchar fria ré in his day Metr. Dinds. ii 40 . dorumaltsa ... m'aimsir fri hamsir Nemid, LU 1276 . nir siubhuil in conuir-so re bliadhain aenridiri for a year past ZCP vi 104 z.

(c) fixing a limit within which something takes place : ni ba marb-sa fri sin I shall not die before that ZCP i 105.4 (co sin v.l.). Cf. also the locative use in Marco P. 11 cited I (a). tanic ... uidi na .xii. mís fri .xii. laa made the twelve months' journey in twelve days LB 139a31 . icuis fri teorai nomaidhe within thrice nine days RC xii 66x . nos ithend ... friha brathad sula in the twinkling of an eye LU 1895 ( RC x 56 ; fri b. v.l.) do imredar ... re trí lá, ┐ ní ruc G. énchluichi rissin, Acall. 1348 .

(d) of point of time ; in some cases approaching VI (b) above. fri dead n-aissi, SR 2829 . in tan nadbi fri húair i fos | frithalmi when he is not here at the hour of attending ... 1199 (cf. LB 110b43 cited under VI (a) above). cech dūil ... rosdelb fri oenuair, SR 7864 (similarly 7234 , 7386 ). grend Muman ... grend Connacht ... ra hóen-úair at the same time Ériu i 130.36 ( LL 46b ). buaidh ... damh fri deiredh mo ṡaoghail, ACL iii 231.1 . ra dered flatha Domnaill, LL 185a48 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ) = Rawl. 154a52 . Rí dorat na deich plāga | forthu fri huair combāga, SR 3942 . ? cid fri geld bāis nobeth `though he were at the point of death.' Mon. Tall. § 48 (see gell). re húair nfaicsiona at the time of looking RC xxix 128.13 . fri huair tacrai do ghníma, Ériu ii 228.7 .

(e) in follg. exx. perhaps used for ria before: na buidne ... robatar fria Crist...rofhogain don Choimdid fria tuidecht soscela (= turbae quae praecedebant ... ante evangelium) PH 4573 . dorad som a cuibidil fria mbass made his confession before death RC xviii 53.19 . Cf. co ro muid fri maccu Israel, LB 122b47 = re, YBL 293b40 (corresp. to mebaid remib SR 4765 ).

(f) In later lang., 3 s. ris occurs as adv. bare, exposed, uncovered : mar do leig ris a n-aoinfheacht 'how it left [her] uncovered at once' Duan. F. ii 332 § 9 , Éigse ix 228 . do theilg Ercuill a bhrat de ┐ ro leig a lorg ┐ in croicenn leomainn ro buí re cnes ris, ITS xxxviii 997 (Stair Ercuil) . chonarcadar a ccroicinn go coirtighthi buídhe ris, Smaointe B. Chr. 150 . ó bhí mo chroiceann-sa nochtuighthe síos reis, 160 . cia d’innis doit-se a bheith nochtuighthe síos reis (leis, v.l.), 161 . See also la VI (d), léicid.

X In regular or occasional construction with many verbs (and nouns of cognate meaning with them), e.g., those of speaking, addressing, boasting, complaining, asking, thanking ; meeting, touching, striking, rubbing, grinding ; listening ; waiting, expecting ; entrusting ; co-operating, associating, helping ; visiting ; resembling, comparing, differing ; parting, severing (from) ; doing (something to), acting (towards), giving, distributing, apportioning ; requiting, paying, selling ; refusing, rejecting, denying ; hindering, restricting, opposing, combating, etc. See especially : ad-cosnai, ad-gair, ad-teich, ad-tluichethar (attlugud), aigid, 1 anaid, ar-báigi, as-beir, benaid, beirid, 1 caithid, canaid, 1 cingid, comalnaithir, 1 con-clich, con-delca, con-gní, con-ricc, con-sní, con-túaisi, crenaid, dálaid, dlomaid, do-beir, do-gní, do-icc, do-rogaib, do-slí (tuillem buide fri), do-sluindi (diúltad), do-tét, dúnaid, 2 erbaid, fáiltigid(ir), feraid, fo-gella (2 fuiglid), fo-rig, fris-oirg, fris-tairissethar, fris-taít, gaibid (fris-gaib), gellaid, íadaid, 1 íccaid, imm-beir, imm-fogni, imm-fresna, in-samlathar, in-túaisi (éistid), labraithir (labraid), laigid, 1 ligid, lingid, 1 luigid, meilid (con-meil), naiscid, ráidid (ol, ar), rannaid, renaid, saethraigidir, scaraid (and compds.), soïd (do-soí), 1 téit, tongaid.

gáirithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gáirithech or dil.ie/25246

 

adj (gáire) o,ā inclined to laughter, merry: fer ... grádmar subach gáirithech (transl. ridens), O'Gr. Cat. 238.24 and see gáiretach.

2 inn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 inn or dil.ie/28793

 

Forms: i.

pron. pl. 1 Mid. and Mod. Ir. variant of 1 sinn, q.v. With suffixed emphasizing particle : inn(n)e. Occurs both as nom. (nearly always with copula) and acc. aes cerdda atan-comnaic (aes cerda inn, v.l.), Mór M. § 8. ro escainis ind co becht, YBL 315a17 . ni ro-lécea índ i ndérchoined, PH 7961. bidh manuigh dhilsi duitsi ... inne dogres, Lism. L. 3196. bid subach sind | ma dubhach ind ōn aithrigi, ACL iii 234 § 8 . is lán i.¤ do mhéad meanma, DDána 10 § 13. go gcuire ionn i n-aointeach (: fionn), Dán Dé xiv 26 . cuin benfas dár n-esrán i.¤ (: chúilfind n s.), IGT Decl. ex. 907. déana mar do fhógair i.¤ | tógaibh séala do sgríbhinn, DDána 72 § 5. bu fhearr inn-ne, 10 § 22. ór bh'ionnlúith i.¤ , Keat. Poems 1003. biadh inne id dhiaidh, no go ttachtad thu, Luc. Fid. 324.x . re cúig bliadhnaibh uaigneach i.¤ | gan amharc an fhir ailim, Dánta P. Feiritéir 541 .

1 lainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lainn or dil.ie/29425

 

Forms: loinn, luinn, lainnfordiuclandtaid

adj i, also loinn, luinn.

(a) Of persons keen, eager: ata lainni gl. avida sunt, Ml. 33d5 . 34b9 . boi obeid .i. auidus .i. laind, LU 931 ( ACC 80 ). l.¤ gl. acer, Sg. 64b7 . acer .i. l.¤ nō tin[d] nō trén, Corm. Y 11 (= Thr. Ir. Gl. 1 ). nidam laindsea lánbrostud ar nech etir da indsaigid I am not eager to urge anybody to assail it, LL 230a27 ( TTr. 959 ). mac l.¤ luchair lātha ar gail, ZCP viii 334 n.l. in tí as laind ┐ is escaid, gresed in lesc, alacer et impiger, PH 5825. Also joyful: in tí is láind ┐ is failid don fháilte spirutalta qui spirituali laetitia hilaris est, 5830 . láind . . . ┐ subach forbaelid, 5920 . With n.pr.: Lugaid l.¤ , ZCP xiii 5.15 . Adv. co laind ┐ co héscaid, PH 6029.

With copula and prep. is l.¤ la desires, delights in: nach ní . . . is adlaic ┐ is laind la duine, is ed isbeir `is toisc', Corm. Y 1201 = toisc .i. voluntas hominis .i. inní is laind la duine, Thr. Ir. Gl. 41 . cía lasmboth scīth ┐ lasmboth laind techt int slōgaid, TBC-I¹ 155 ( LU 4617 ) = cia lasbad lesc ┐ lasbad laind, TBC-LL¹ 408 . tairsi linne . . . mad l.¤ libh, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.9 . bheith 'na n-aontoigh ní luinn lat, KMMisc. 242 § 7 . ní loinn lemsa comhlonn . . . do denam ritsa, TBC-LL¹ p. 245 n. 10 ( nī accobar lem, TBC-I¹ 1194 ). ba loind les techt, CCath. 360. maircc chuindges ni for carait / minab l.¤ l[e]is a tabairt, ZCP iv 469.16 . coim tar an anam lér fhaoi / an chalann ní budh loinn lé `the body is not anxious to protect the soul', Dán Dé ix 9 . Mág Suibne dá madh l.¤ lais / do thairg O Domhnaill . . . do gairm de `had it had attraction for him', O'Gr. Cat. 386.10. leis nach loinn uabhar d'éisdeacht, DDána 100.3 . gion gur luinn leis `not anxious', Content. xiii 22 . ge madh l.¤ leó anacal dfaghbail nocha nfhuairsiot idir (`they expected'), AFM v 1846.6 . Also with DO: congnamh dan loinn treabh do tháth `helpmate ever eager to weld the land together' Magauran 2770 . With FRI, in different sense: rob rolaind frinn gnúis Rígh réil may the glorious king greet us with a smiling face, ZCP vi 266 § 10 . With compar. and superl. lainne prefers, likes more, most : robu luinne lim do thuitim leis nā lim fēin, Fianaig. 96.19 . cona bui da Románaib aenduini lasar' lainni gnim in catha catharda innás (i.e. Brutus), CCath. 1131 . lúdh n-a coinne dá mbé ar bhochtaibh / loinne lé rochtain dá réir `she is still more anxious to meet them', Magauran 1522 . h'foghnam as e as loinne linn, Irish Texts ii 44 § 31 . With proleptic -de: co mad laindite leo in forcetul do gabail do laim ut libentius a[u]diatur, PH 6759.

(b) In a variety of other applications bright, pleasant, etc.: ingen Araind fort lár luind (of Brug na Bóinne), LU 4129. am lis loinn, Irish Texts i 55 § 5 . int-aislingthe laind landes (of dream of Pharaoh), SR 3350 . sínus Ádam in láim luinn `eager', Ériu iv 118 § 31 . clandais Buide a liic laind `his keen stone', Metr. Dinds. ii 24.77 . Cf. fuil gormlaind don grein it gris `the bright sheen of the sun illumines thee', Cog. 124.2 .

As subst.: l.¤ .i. solus no taithnemach, . . . annlesach cach l.¤ lochta gáisse `very helpful is every bright one of the folk of wisdom', O'Dav. 1184.

Compds. With nouns. ¤eólas: loinn-eolas, Lism. Lives Gloss. ¤ḟordiuclandtaid: lainnfordiuclandtaid avidus devorator, Dinds. 9. With adjj. ¤chréchtach: iomdha laoch loinnchréachtach, CRR² 76.26 (lonn?). ¤gnímach: in lainnghnimach Lighan, Caithr. CC 7 . ¤réid: an tuath lainréidh Luighnisi, O'Hara 3310 , where Ed. suggests cpd. of lonn-.

See also lonn.

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mé or dil.ie/31705
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: mé, messe, meisse, mese, sni, ni, snisni, snissni, snissi, snissni, sisni, sinni, nini, ninni, sinne, sinn, snisni, snisni, sinni, muí, nathar, nár, n-athar, n-ár, mmui, ind, ind, -m(m)-, -n(n)-, -dom(m)-, -dam(m)-, -don(n-), -dan(n)-, atom-, cotam-, fritom-, atan(n)-, coton-, nim, -n-, ar, -m(m), -um(m), -am(m), -un(n), -m(m), -n(n), -sa, -so, -su, -se, -sea, -ni, -ne, sni, mes(s)e, snisni, ni, dam-sa, dún-ni

pron. of 1 pers. sing.

I Independent (accented) forms:

1 nom. s. mé; with emphatic suffix messe, meisse, mese (Glosses), in Mid.Ir. also mis(s)e, the common later form. pl. sni (? only found as emphasizing particle , Wb. 15c20 ), ni (? see Wb. 19d8 quoted below). (emphatic) snisni, Wb. 6c22 , Ml. 32a20 , 93c11 , 102c2 , 127c2 ; snissni, Wb. 23d23 . snissi (leg. snissni?), 10d7 . sisni, Ml. 78a1 , 92c2 . sinni, 63c15 , 138c11a . (is) nini , Wb. 33a7 , Ml. 43d5 (níni). is ninni , 93d3 , 133d3 . Mid.Ir. sinne, sinn (sind).

In Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. sometimes with lenited -m- when used as object of verb or with copula: do bhrosnaidh mhé, Carswell² 9.247 . cionnas do mealladh mhé?, Desid. 800 . da fechair mhe ag dul um deisi 'going into mine armour', Fier. 27 . doberim mhe fein cen comaithes duid ┐ dena do bail fein dim, ZCP vi 49.2 . ní fer gualann rígh mhe ..., acht fer fiadhnaisi rígh 'I am not a man to be beside the king; I am one to be before a king', Acall. 2362 . inbaid bhad chrechtach . . . mhe, TBC-LL¹ 6061 . tug a éag i gcōmhnaidhe | mhé gan ionnramh chóig gcéadfadh, Measgra D. 62.28 . mances duitsi mhé, RC xiv 48 § 56 . ni tualuing mhé beith ica bhfegadh, Caithr. CC 21.1 .

(a) used as subj. with 3 s. cop. followed by a rel. clause (if the subj. of both clauses is the same, the vb. of the latter is also 3 s.):

as mmé m'oínur aridrochell (gl. ego et non alius), Sg. 202a7 . is mé as apstal geinte, Wb. 5b17 . amal bid me féin no theised, 32a17 . ni mé as beo (= non ego), 19a18 . is mé dochóid darsin smacht, SR 1529. is mé ro bæglaiged, SCC 44. is messe ro phroidech doib, Wb. 10c20 . is mese nad frithchomart nech (gl. qui laeserim neminem), Ml. 47a2 . is mése . . . coiblethar céim, FB 23. is messi ém dorat, etc., IT i 127.31 (LU) = is misiu, Eg. messe ragas for astur, SCC 44. ní me no ragad i n-agid Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 1580. pl. snisni ata sonortu (gl. nos firmiores), Wb. 6c22 . is snisni (gl. nos . . . qui), Ml. 93c11 ; (gl. nos . . . quos) 32a20 , cf. 102b15 , 127c2 . is níni foralaig, gl. nos quos [straverat], 43d5 . is sinn ro sáraig in flaith it is we who offended, SR 1521. ni sinn ro gab do maithius, 1729 . sinde ro marb hé it was we who slew him, Fél. 44.5 .

(b) in Mid.Ir. also as subj. (virtual or grammatical) of 3 s. cop. when the pred. is a subst. or adj. (replacing the O.Ir. personal forms of the cop.); is x mé = O.Ir. am x. The follg. exx. from Glosses anticipate this construction: mé féin són that is (means) myself, Ml. 109d3 (gl. sancta mea, expld. as standing for the speaker himself); maic ni dosom we are sons of His, Wb. 19d8 . is mé a cnú chridi I am their hearts' core, FB 24. in tan ba gilla bec mi, LL 32075 (TTr.) . dāig is mi . . . ársid imdegla Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 1667 (= osamé, H. 2.17). inbaid bhad chrechtach . . . mhe when I was wounded, 6061 . is oilithri cid olc me though bad I am a pilgrim, ACL iii 243 § 31. is mesi Ísu, PH 3732. misse Marcellinus I am M., 612 . Cristaige misse I am a Christian, 633 . tussu Dia, meise duine, 5248 . pl. bid calma . . . sinni , TBC-LL¹ 3279 (= sinne, TBC-I¹ 2469 ). in tráth ata scítha iat, cid dúnni na bad scítha sind? why should we not be weary? 3623 . sinde Petar ┐ Pol, PH 414. bid subach sind, ACL iii 234 § 8.

(c) in absol. construction standing outside a sent. to emphasize a verb of first pers. contained in it, often preceded by os (later is, ocus, see Thurneysen, ZCP 16.275 ) or cid; or in an ellipt. sent. in connexion with an adv., etc., esp. in contrast to a pron. of second or third pers. or a subst. (in these cases the emphatic form is usual):

sinde imorro, ni berum breith fortsu, PH 607. os me chene am faelid I too am joyous, Thes. ii 293.25 ( SP ii 6 ). os me (gl. ipse), Wb. 11a14 ; Ml. 21a1 . is me crechtach I being wounded, TBC-LL¹ 2380. ro boi sochaide fom mámus ┐ me oc fognam, PH 1140. dobertis cech n-olc . . . form os mese oc taircitul cech maith doibsom, Ml. 54c30 . osní credentes in Christo (gl. ipsi), Wb. 19a15 . Sg. 26b1 . cid snissni nín-moídem even we boast not, Wb. 23d23 . cretmit-ne cid sind, PH 1232. ni fil nech and . . . acht meisse m'oínur, Wb. 5a25 . do inis Maddoc dún .i. meisse ┐ Coirbbre, Sg. 194a ( Thes. ii p. xxi ). messe ┐ Pangur Bán, SP ii 1 ( Thes. ii 293 ). tri la . . . do bith duit-siu i sruth Tigir, mésse i nIordanén secht la, SR 1591. is trúag aní . . . 'n-ar ṅdaltanaib Scathche, missi crechtach . . . tussu gan charptiu, TBC-LL¹ 4147. acso me here I am! PH 638. messi d'a rád riu ! that I should say so to them! CRR 14.

(d) in Mid. and later Ir. used as subj. with passive vb., replacing the earlier infixed pron.

2 gen. s. muí (later sometimes maoi); (emph.) muí-s(s)e. pl. (du.) nathar, nár (by Pedersen, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii §§ 407 , 480 , 482 , analysed as n-athar, n-ár). For atonic forms used as poss. adj., see 1 mo and 5 ar.

mui (gl. mei), Sg. 209a7 . 200b10 . muisse (gl. meam), Wb. 1b3 . marb cechtar nathar dialailiu each of us twain is dead to the other, 20c26 . cechtar nathar fria saindán, Thes. ii 293. 14 ( SP ii 1 ). maith la cechtar nár a dán, 294.2 . cechtar náthar, LU 5229 ( TBC-I¹ 752 ), cf. Fianaig. 12 § 22. nechtar nátharni, LU 1433 ( MU 46.9 ).

Used as indecl. subst.: is and nad bí muí na taí there is neither `mine' nor `thine', LU 10848 ( IT i 132 ). inna mmui-sea (gl. mea taken as neut. pl.), Wb. 18d13 . Cf. muin mai .i. os leam mo shealbh, O'Cl.

In oldest lit. (poetry and rhetorical prose) muí is used to strengthen the atonic possessive, standing before it or after the follg. subst. (see ZCP xii 439 ): tacud iar mār muī mo chelmuine (.i. iar mórthacad regat, is í mo chélmaine dam), Lib. Hymn. i 184 = iar mar moi (.i. mei), Rawl. 106b22 . rect moi mo Christ, ib. (= moe, Rawl.). moai [leg. maoi?] mo rosc (.i. rop limm mo radarc), ZCP iii 224 § 10 (Amra Senáin). moe mó dia, LU 3081 = SG 236. saeru mo gene maoi, O'Dav. 1034. tí mo macain mui `the cloak of a child of mine', 1555 . muí mo chain cetmuinter, Anecd. iii 28.8 (moi v.l.). mui mo macc mui mo ingen, ib. 18 .

3 acc. (obj. of vb.): in O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. the infixed pron. is used to express the obj.; the use of the independent forms (perhaps confined at first to the emphatic forms) becomes common later, esp. with imperative, and in course of time displaces the infixed pron., see Strachan, Ériu i 176 f .

(a) ni aichne nech acht missi fodessin he recognizes no one but me, TBC-LL¹ 1005. atat tri coecait . . . acum . . . noco treicfitis messe, SCC 44. dochluinet mé, PH 2714. creid mé ┐ dam ┐ indam!, 7311 . dorónsabar bar triur mesi cúnntabartach the three of you have made me doubtful, 1805 . freagair ar grad Muire me!, ACL iii 241 § 3. na ro dilsigea sinn do Lucifer, LB 112a30 ( MacCarthy 62.19 ) = nachar-ṅdilsi Dia, SR 1551. co ra-shaera sind, PH 764. gab chucat sind!, 184 . saer sinne! 2884 . (reflex.) dobermais sínn fein i ndilsi, 7233 .

Supplementing infixed pron.: is e rom-cuir cum comruic me, ZCP vi 101.25 . co ron-timorcmis sind fodein, PH 4938.

(b) in late Mid.Ir. the form ind comes into use as acc. pl. and continues in Mod.Ir. till recent times: ni ro lecea índ i ndérchoined, PH 7961 (only instance). beandaig ind!, ACL iii 241 § 1. nach sluic in lar uili ind, 242 § 9. ná fuirigh inn in ngioll grása, Dán Dé xii 10. na léig inn a ccathughadh achd saor inn o olc, Matthew vi 13. Rarely used as nom., with cop.: mec oenathar ┐ oenmathar ind , LB 113b62 . ma dubach ind o'n aithrigi, ACL iii 234 § 8. da mbeith decelt tarainne | is ind ar cæ do teghluigh, ZCP ix 167.3 ( = os sinn).

II Infixed forms: in O.Ir. and earlier Mid.Ir. used with vb. to express the acc. (occas. also dat., also reflex. and reciprocal relations), see Thurn. Hdb. 244. In later Mid.Ir. the infixed form gradually falls into disuse, giving way to the independent, see Ó Catháin, ZCP xix 1.

(a) O.Ir. forms:

(a) after the prefixes no-, ro-, do-, di-, fo-, ar-, imm-, and the negations ní, nách-: s. -m(m)-, leniting follg. consonant. pl. -n(n)-; occas. with vowel inserted between prefix and pron. (esp. after nách), for examples see -n-

(b) in rel. constr. and after prefixes ad-, aith-, con-, ess-, etar-, for-, frith-, in-: s. -dom(m)-, -dam(m)-. pl. -don(n-), -dan(n)-. The prefixes ad- (aith-, ess-, in-), con-, frith-, com- bined with the pron. give the forms atom- (-am-), cotam-, fritom-, pl. atan(n)-, coton-.

For full treatment of inf. pron. in Glosses see Sommer, ZCP i 181 - 7 .

(b) in O.Ir. the inf. pron. is sometimes used idiomatically as dat. with 3 s. subst. vb., apparently unstressed, in impers. constr. folld. by adj. or subst., as equivalent for a copula-clause: nim-tha laám I am not a hand, Wb. 12a21 . nímptha fírion I am not righteous, 8d24 . nimtha maith do chath I am no good for fighting, SCC 13. Also with follg. noun subject ním-thá I have not (non est mihi): nimthá-sa cumac dóib I am not able for them, LU 1515 ( MU 52.10 ). Cf. SR 3761 quoted under (c). But ním fil I am not: ci nín fil lib although we are not with you, Wb. 16b9 , where the pronoun is accusative.

See attá and 1 is.

(c) in Mid.Ir. the poss. 5 ar is often used instead of -n- in pl.: at-ar-fail cen duine trén we are without a strong man, SR 3761. ních-ar-fail tlacht no dagbíad we have neither raiment nor food, 1560 (for -ch cf. 2088 ). cid nach-ar-cobrai? why dost thou not help us? 3759 . is trúag aní narta [ = no-ar-ta] de what comes to us therefrom (i.e. our consequent plight), TBC-LL¹ 4150. in dóig in-ar-tísed Conchobar? is it likely that C. would have come to us? 815 , cf. 834 . rar-cluin he has heard us, 3342 . rar-marnestar, 3688 . issed rar-metair-ne, CRR 5. co n-or-mbaiter so that we are drowned, RC ix 461. ailim trocaire ṅDe co n-or-bera uili . . . isin flaith, YBL 166b34 . nach-ar-leic i n-amus!, PH 7961. aprisci in adbhuir dian-ar-forcoimnacair whereof we have been created, Ériu ii 122 § 62. fa breith an Coimghe ror-cum, Rel. Celt. ii 280.16 . For: ar = 1 pl. pres. cop., see 1 is.

III Suffixed forms with vb.: s. -m(m), -um(m), -am(m); pl. -un(n).

(a) with 3 s. cop. in dat. relation: issum ecen precept it is necessary for me to teach, Wb. 10d24 . isim écen-sa techt, LU 4694 ( TBC-LL¹ 221 ). ním dil (.i. ni hinmain lem), Hy. ii 44. ni fuigeba-su curaid . . . bádam [ = bad-am] fiu-sa thou wilt not find a champion who would be worth me, SCC 42. In Mid.Ir. the suffix comes to be regarded as a personal inflection of the cop., hence the forms isam, bam, badam; see 1 is.

(b) with 3 s. of subst. vb. in dat. and of other vbs. in acc. relation, in pres. ind. and pret. and pres. subj.: tathum dual do bruc I have cause for grief, LL 147a23 = PRIA iii 548 § 20. tathum ó Día praind, Anecd. i 64.6 . tathum .i. ata agam, O'Dav. 1603. sastum ( = sásaid-um), Ériu ii 63 § 1. ainsium Crist may Christ protect me, Hy. vi 14. ní rubí-m-sea do gæ has not wounded me, SCC 41. táthunn ní as nessa, Fél. 217. taithiunn . . . ni fristarddam ar n-áthius we have something to which to apply our acuteness, Thes. ii 293.19 ( SP ii 3 ). ainsiund .i. ro ainge sind may he protect us, 352.33 ( Hy. vi 14 Comm. ).

Used in prayer-formulas, often with a spurious s-subj. with force of optative: moightiumh [ = mogaid- or mogad-um?] . . . slánuightium, ZCP vi 258.10 . snaidhsium saorsam carsam, ib. 3 . snaidhsim Dia, x 347.4 . molsum gach maith . . . biadsum . . . griansum grian . . . saorsum gach dūn . . . mārsim Dia . . . caomsum Coimdi, ib. 5 - 7 .

IV Suffixed form with prep., s. -m(m), pl. -n(n); see under the several prepositions.

V Emphasizing particle, s. -sa, -so, later occas. -su; (after palatal cons. or vowels e, i) -se, later also -sea. pl. -ni, later -ne; laimir-sni (gl. audemus), Wb. 15c20 (a prima manu), is an archaic form.

Added to (a) independent form of pron., mes(s)e, snisni, etc., see I above.

(b) subst. preceded by poss. adj.: im labrad-sa, Wb. 14c23 . mo fochidi-se, 25a10 . dum popul-sa, Ml. 77a13 . mo popuil-se, ib. 12 . mo dam-sa, CRR 4. mo throit-se, 5 . form dreich-sea, SCC 40. mo chomarli-sea, FB 8. dom'ic-sa, IT i 125.28 (LU). imm dáil-si, 126.2 . ar n-inmedónach-ni, Ml. 67d14 . ar mbreth-ni, FB 62. ar cuit-ni, CRR 17. fo daig ar n-ícca-ne, PH 176.

(c) pred. of cop. in first pers. (O. and early Mid.Ir.): am cimbid-se, Wb. 27c22 . nita-chumme-se, 20c25 . ni ba dimicthe-se, 21d3 . am trú-sa, SCC 7. isam ben-sa, FB 30. bíam [ = bam] cú-sa, LU 5027 ( TBC-I¹ 538 ). robummar bibdid-ni dait-siu, Ml. 62d5 . air [im]mi ardu-ni de we are the higher, 23d23 .

(d) vb. used in first pers. to emphasize the subj.: attóo-sa, Wb. 12a21 . biuu-sa, 16d8 . tíagu-ssa, 17b18 . co ní ārim-se, 14d17 . biat-sa, PH 1244. biat-su fēn, 6756 . da mbeind-se, CRR 8. ó gabus-sa, SCC 17. After 1 s. s-pret. one s is commonly omitted in Mid.Ir. texts: robádusa ( = bádus-sa), Acall. 5019. tucusa, PH 3826. rochésasa, 3268 . marbsa ( = marbus-sa), IT i 158.10 ( LL 154b6 ). pl. tiagme-ni , Wb. 15b28 . léicfimmi-ni, Ml. 14d10 . dodeochammár-ni, SCC 13. dogenam-ne, FB 16. forodam-ne, PH 6603. dúnmait-ne, 6868 .

(e) trans. vb. with inf. pron. obj. of first pers. to emphasize the obj.: rom-thoicther-sa, Thes. ii 293.6 ( SP I ). nacham-indarbanar-sa, Ml. 56a22 . du-m-em-se protect me, 72d11 . cotom-gaba-sa . . . conom-thic-se, FB 24. is e rom-forcan-sa, PH 1798. ro-n-mess-ni (gl. aestimati sumus), Wb. 4b22 . issed rar-metair-ne, CRR 5. ni rubím-sea, SCC 41 (pron. suff.).

(f) prep. with suff. pron. of first pers., dam-sa, dún-ni, etc., see the several preps.

1 ó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ó or dil.ie/33364
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ó, hó, oa, ua, ualailiu, ón(d), (h)uan(d), ón, ón, on, ón, hond, huand, ond, uandí, huand, onaib, honaib, huanaib, hunaib, óna, (h)uaim(m), óim, (h)uait, (h)uad, ood, ōd, ód, uad, huad, huadh, uada, uadha, uaid(h), uaidh, (h)uadi, úade, huade, uathi, uaithi, hude, (h)uain(n), huann, húan, uanni, huanni, ónni, onni, uann, uainn, úanna, (h)uaib, (h)uadib, uaidib, huaidib, úaidib, uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib, úathu, uathu, uathaibh, uatha, uatha, óm, ót, óa, ó, óa, ua, ó, , óa, ua, ó, hoa, hua, hua, ho, ondid, honid, onid

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing dat.

Forms O.Ir. ó (o); hó (ho), usual form in Ml. oa, Sg. 4b1 . ua, 3b4 ; 112 ( Thes. ii 290.5 ), cf. huaitherrechtaigthib, 32b2 ; ualailiu, 25b12 .

With art.: sing. ón(d), (h)uan(d): ón bunud, Sg. 33b2 . ón chiunn, Wb. 22a17 . on deacht, 9d10 . ón spirut, 15a12 . hond airdbiu, Ml. 55b17 . huand imbud, 56b23 . uand aitherrech- taigthiu, Sg. 32b7 . (with pron. í) ond, 156a1 , 3 , b3 . uandí, 156b1 . huand, 156b2 .

pl. onaib, Sg. 44a3 . Enchir. Aug. 75b ( ZCP vii 482 ). honaib, Tur. 91 , 92 , 93 ( Thes. ii 491 ). Ml. 32b2 . huanaib, Sg. 33b8 . hunaib, 32b6 . hona fuathaib, Enchir. Aug. 76a ( ZCP vii 482 ). Mid.Ir. óna.

With pron. suff.: 1 s. (h)uaim(m). óim, Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ), archaic. 2 s. (h)uait. 3 s m. (h)uad. ood, Cambr. 37 a ( Thes. ii 244.25 ); ? ōd ( ód v.l.), Trip. 238.21 (archaic forms). Mid.Ir. uad, huad. huadh, Hib. Min. 8.271 . uada, TBC-LL¹ 2251 , PH 841 , 908 , 2118 , 7636 , 7682 , 7782 , 8289 . uadha, 7722 . Later uaid(h), mod. uaidh. 3 s. f. (h)uadi. Mid.Ir. úade ( huade v.l.), Hy. v 36 ; uathi, uaithi. hude, Mon. Tall. 150.23 . 1 pl. (h)uain(n); huann, Wb. 4d9 . húan, BCr. 32b3 . uanni, Wb. 12a12 ; huanni, 5a7 ; ónni, 4b19 ; onni, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.21 ). Mid.Ir. uann, uainn (uaind). úanna, Mon. Tall. 153.28 . 2 pl. (h)uaib. 3 pl. (h)uadib. uaidib, Wb. 24b29, 27d1, 31d18 . huaidib, Wb. 32a29 . úaidib, Bechbretha 62 § 23 . Mid.Ir. uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib; úathu, TBC-LL¹ 3557 , 5092 ; uathu, 3581 , 3630 , 5064 . uathaibh, uatha, Keat.; mod. uatha.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. óm; 2 s. ót (later often ód); 3 s. óa, ó (latter form common); 3 pl. óa; ua mbraithrib, Wb. 34a6 . In late Mid.Ir. -n- is often inserted before the poss. of the 3rd pers.: ó (= óa) , TBC-LL¹ 6159 = óna ó, H., Add.

With rel. pron.: óa n , ua n , ó n : hoa rícc, Wb. 5c16 . hua mbí, Tur. 10. hua n-erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . hua ndirrudigeddar, Sg. 33a23 . ho n-eroimer, Ml. 17c7 . ho torgab, 32a23 . ó n-aidil- cnigthir, Hib. Min. 8. 245 . cia o-rb halachta, Lat. Lives 65.8 ( LB 62a22 ).

With cop. 3 s.: ondid, Wb. 12d23 . honid, Ml. 51c2 . Mid.Ir., onid, BColm. 32.25 .

In late Irish lenition is arbitrary in stereotyped phrases like: ó sin ale, see TD ii 264 n. § 36 . Occas. folld. by acc. pl. in Mid.Ir.: o marbu, PH 1073 , 1854 , etc.

In meaning, corresponds in general to Lat. a, ab or to the ablative case, in Glosses used to represent either. Hence by analogy after arbeir biuth = Lat. utitur: ho n-erberad biuth (gl. qua oratione sit usurus), Ml. 48a5 , cf. 48b12 . hua n-erbirmis biuth which we spent, 135d3 (gl. ex illo tempore quo degebamus [in Aegypto] `in which we lived'; the glossator perhaps mis- understood the Lat. construction). Cf. also Hib. Min. 13.438 : aranni arbar bith inn aesa dilmain on bethaid shuthain = eo quod scilicet vitâ aeternâ fruitur; `because the lawful people enjoy life everlasting', Meyer, but the construction is not clear. Similarly Enchir. Aug. 79b : ut ratione utatur (.i. o cheill).

I Denoting separation from (lit. or fig.), after vbs.

(a) of motion: tóiniud flatho ó róma[nib], Wb. 26a5 . eirg ón muicc ! get away from, IT i 104.13 , cf. do duit uaim be off! 214.19 . imreitís úathu ┐ chuccu to and fro from them, TBC-LL¹ 3557. na daíne claenus o t'aithnib who swerve from, PH 7303. atracht [Christ] . . . o marbu, 1854 . regaid cech n-olc uaib, 2102 . dochuáid úait in curathmír you have lost, FB 43. go rachadh a thir ┐ a dhúthaidh uaidh, ZCP ii 558.27 . Putting, sending, casting (away), etc.: léic uáit inna biada mílsi put away, Wb. 6c7 . ros-lá úad uli sent them all away, Mon. Tall. 23. sín in láimh uait stretch forth thy hand, Ériu iv 118.13 . focheird a adbena . . . úad, TBC-LL¹ 1076. sróna na n-ech . . . ac súgud grene ┐ gaíthe uathu ┐ chuccu exhaling and inhaling, 5064 .

(b) taking from: oc tabairt tana bó uait carrying off thy herd, IT i 101.24 . dia ructhar ar mna doera uand, TBC-LL¹ 1130 (= úan LU). co mbert a mac huaithi, ZCP viii 310.37 . dobered . . . búaid ṁbáire . . . ona tri cóictaib maccaem, TBC-LL¹ 971. cidh bé doberadh buaidh catha ona naimdib, Maund. 10.

(c) desisting, hindering: anad o pecdaib, PH 3455. in rí tairmisces a chloidem o fhuil (= qui prohibet . . . a sanguine), 4213 .

(d) preserving, delivering, etc.: condanfírianichthi úadib (sc. a peccatis nostris), Wb. 2d14 . dlegar do neuch a chongmail uadi to keep away from her, Mon. Tall. 14. dia coimet on índdirge, PH 1009. ros-glan Dia in tempul on uli élned, 2098 . ro saerait . . . o bas, 412 . ro thuaslaicset . . . popul na ngénnte o fhógnum hídal, 4565 . Similarly after adjs. denoting exemp- tion, etc.: bid slan tú o fholaid Christ `free from the enmity of C.', PH 803. isam nemchintach-sa o fhuil in duine noim, 3282 . Cf. is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí (the steading) is empty of its own inheritors, BColm. 78.14 .

II Origin, source from which someth. comes or is obtained:

(a) after copula or subst. vb., expressed or understood: is húad cach n-ecne all wisdom is from Him, Wb. 7c15 . rop saiget húan fri demnai, Hy. i 20. is ond nemud a n-incoimet `they are to be minded by the "nemedh"-person', Laws iv 180.20 . is eiric tairsce uadaib and `it is the fine . . . that is due from them for it', 138.8 Comm. ná bith fochunn uaimm fein dom aecṅduch let me give no cause to speak evil of me, Wb. 11c1 . gach lá saire er a fhuil cengul on eglais (= which the Church enjoins), PH 7373. na feich uilet uad asa faithchi which are due from him, Laws iv 28.15 Comm. After a noun: furóil serce ho Pool doib-som abundance of love from P., Wb. 14d30 . in fírinne hó hiris (= ex fide iustitia), 4d23 . gním uad feisin foir feisin action from himself on himself, Sg. 209b12 .

(b) after vbs. of motion: comma rí far ṅdígal huaim-se that vengeance for you may happen from me, Wb. 5d37 . ni fil uaidib som o nach ri (ónach ric LU) there is not one of them who cannot do it (lit. from whom it arrives not), TBC-LL¹ 684. ní tharnic úan do rád (= we failed to announce it), TBC-LL¹ 645. rangus ó Iruath 'na diaig (= Herod sent messengers after him), ZCP viii 115.1 .

(c) sending; bringing, taking : foídis E. techta úad fo Erind, IT i 118.32 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi send me, TTebe 1025 . berar a n-imchumarcc huáib let a salutation be taken from you to them, Wb. 7b4 . ructha eipistil uad fon uli thalam, PH 1171. doberdis audpartai dosom ó Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 10.

(d) receiving, getting: in doínecht araróit som ónni which he hath assumed from us, Wb. 4b19 . ni hetus huaim fess ri fer, IT i 120.22 . fogebtís mor d'ulcc ona naimtiu, PH 4049. ros- cendaig on Iudaide had bought it from, 55 . With ellipse: is ail dona mnáib ind eoin ucut úatsiu the women would like to get those birds from you (= would like you to get them those birds), SCC 5. Analogous: cech bo . . . no-mbligtis da trian blechta d'immarcraid uadib, IT i 72.6 . forodamair guasachtu . . . o latrandaib, PH 1659.

(e) asking, desiring: ro thothlaigset fortacht o Dia, PH 6292 . dom íarraidh úam ar éládh asking me to elope, Ériu ix 4.40 . cid is ailicc dúib húam? what do ye desire of me? iv 140.5 .

(f) hearing, learning, etc.: amal bid o Dia rachlóithe, Wb. 24d21 . cech dírúais ro Columb ó chille cualammar that we have heard from Colum C., RC xx 258 ( ACC 64 ) = o Chollum Ch., LU 866. sochide rodá-scrib húan many have transcribed it from us, BCr. 32b3 . uadh do sgriobhadh i lleabraib it was written down from his teaching, ZCP viii 116 x . is áil a fhis uaib I wish to find out from you, PH 1067. indis do cách creitfes uait, 2395 .

(g) this is prob. the orig. sense after vbs. of giving. In later Mid.Ir. and in Mod.Ir. ó is commonly used with the reflex. pron. after such vbs. damadh leis righe an c[h]uiccidh . . . dobheradh d'eicsibh uado he would give it away to poets, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 21 . da tucadh duine cach uile festa uáidh, Maund. 181. tabraid dam in n-aiscid sin uaib, TTebe 3314 . an cath dobhéaridís uatha nó an braighde whether they should give battle or give hostages, Ériu i 81 § 14. Similarly after vbs. of saying: innis-[s]iu uait dam tell me, Ériu v 26.14 . inneosad uaim daoibh-se sain, Keat. ii 1645 (poem).

(h) to express derivation, descent: [regno] ondí as rex (gl. a rege), Sg. 156a1 . bid titio atinne ┐ titulus huadh ` titio' is a firebrand and `titulus' (is derived) from it, Hib. Min. 8.271 . is úadib Crist (= ex quibus [est] C. secundum carnem), Wb. 4c2 . madgénair ó Mairi, Fél. Prol. 251. in iat a tustige o ṅgenir? PH 2292. saíthi ór chin Ó Caímh from whom O'Keeffe has sprung, Ériu iv 218 § 26. Gaidel glas . . . o tat Gaidil, MacCarthy 288.1 . bid uad Heriu co brath Érin will be (inherited) by his posterity, RC xxiv 192.9 . is húait bias flaith for hÉirinn co bráth, ZCP viii 318.3 . Dondchad ní fil huad D. has left no posterity, 296.18 . dia mbad o Uib Neill . . . in rige if the king- dom were held by one of the O'Neills, Ériu v 232.11 .

(i) after vbs. of naming, calling, after, from: o máthair ro hainmniged (of Concobar mac Nessa), Ériu iv 22 § 1. do- bretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177.110 . an t-én ceileabhrus do chách | uadh sloinnfidher é (i.e. he will be named Lonán from `lon' a blackbird), ZCP viii 109.22 . uait do gairmeadh ainm an taoisigh, Keat. Poems 1530.

(j) in sense hailing from, coming from: fer . . . on Antuaig a man of Antioch, PH 284. on Effis dam I am from Ephesus, 1058 . in sab . . . ó Óendruim, Fél. June 23 . in maccáin ó Bethil, Dec. 28. Occas. after titles: cing o Nuibie king of Nubia, ZCP vi 56.24 . iarla o Barbuicc earl of Warwick, 24.16 . (analogically) iarlacht o Bharbhuicc, ib. 4 .

(k) used with refl. pers. pron. on the part of; of oneself, of one's own accord : ni uaínn fesine ataam for tectiri (gl. non quod sufficientes simus cogitare aliquid a nobis), Wb. 15a13 , perh. rather to be referred to (c). huadib féissna . . . non ab alio , gl. per se [pati demonstrant], Sg. 144b1 . línaid [na dabcha] uatha fein fill of themselves, Maund. 18. osclaigid . . . na doirsi uathaib fein, RC xii 334.3 . Cf. méin mhaith uaibh- se gé do fhuair, | uaidh féin as uaisle flaith Fáil is noblest on his own account, Ir. Monthly 1919, 399.16 .

Analogous are the follg. exx. in which ó is used after an adj.: gebe duine deradh . . . nach fior uaim a raidhim, Rel. Celt. ii 292 y . amhnáirech uan aighed ort it is presumptuous of us to face thee, IGT Dec. ex. 1388. Cf. na daeine onab eolach leabur do legadh who know how to read (?), Maund. 117 (leg. donab?).

III Cause (closely akin to preceding): is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam it is from (our) sinful nature that we have trans- gressed, Wb. 21b4 . is borb . . . cech duine on gentligecht `through paganism every one becomes rude', PH 725. is ó duthracht a menman badéin dochoid (= ductus voluntate animi), 4742 . relta . . . onid sorcha in bith, BColm. 32.25 . bid subach sind ma dubach ind on aithrigi I shall be happy if I am sorrowful through penitence, ACL iii 234 § 8. an duine chuimetus a run ona aithne de who keeps a secret because bidden to do so, Ériu v 128 § 31. dergfait cloidbe . . . beit úada gan maithius they will gain nothing thereby, ZCP iii 32.18 .

Of persons (regarded as cause of a certain state): cia orb halachta in chumal, Lat. Lives 65.8 . fá torrach uad fein í, TTebe 4800 . is imda ledartha ┐ cuirp tholla annso uadha (= he has left many mangled corpses), ZCP xiii 244.11 . an cúiger druadh . . . an cuigead uadh dob ḟuigleach the province was left a remnant by them, Ériu iv 222 § 38. gan fear 'na bheathaidh aguinne ó Chonn is óa thriathaib, ML 38.2 .

IV Material from which someth. is made: dorigéni Dia corp duini ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ainmidhi cumuscdha ó dhuine ┐ ó tharb (of the Minotaur), ZCP iv 239.3 . To this head belongs the idiomatic use of do-airissethar with ó = consists of (in), prob. an imitation of Lat. consistere, constare with abl.: is hi ernaigthe thairises ón airem rúnda (= oratio consistens consecrato numero), PH 8026. in tíí tairises . . . o dib n-aicen- taib .i. hon doenacht ┐ o diadacht, 6782 ; cf. 7091 . co tarsidar o .x. tetaib (the harp) consists of ten strings, Hib. Min. 1.20 , cf. 2.25 . is on deda-sa immefolangar cach dune findbathach (= de his duobus beatus homo efficitur), 13.432 . Analogous: o thochaiter . . . in bliadain uile o chóic lathib sescait [leg. -at] ar tri cetaib (= per trecentos . . . dies annus ducitur), PH 4934.

V Instrument :

(a) in strict sense: a n-asberthar ho giun what is uttered by mouth, Wb. 5d14 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib all do not speak with many tongues, 12b22 . in sians ondid accobor limsa ícc cáich by which I wish to save every one, 12d23 , cf. 5c16 . arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin which they do with those members, Ml. 56b3 . combad ó lémum [léimim] dochúatár . . . tairse by leaping, FB 88. timchillid in coimdiu in cuthi o níul, PH 1223. in tíí rot-biath sib o maind nemda, 2825 . comba soleir duit o shuilib corpardha he, ZCP iv 384.10 . do chomarthaigh ó comhartha na croiche . . . é féin, BNnÉ 275 § 257. ros-eitseat o eirreadaibh dereoilibh clad themselves in wretched garments, CCath. 1073. ro ghabus oca cendsugud o briathraib áilghinaib, Ériu v 148.36 . la- brastar o bérlu aiṅglecdha, Ériu ii 100 § 7.

(b) after vbs. of filling, satisfying and kindred adjs.: in tí nach sástar o brethir Dé, PH 8381. ro línais mo meis o cech maith, 1359 . lan o rath in spiruta noim, 2258 . saithech o began satisfied with little, Ériu v 128.1 . coimlinta o dhaoinibh, Fl. Earls 258.2 .

(c) in adverbial expressions denoting way, manner, atten- dant circumstances: o nach mud etir (gl. omni modo), Sg. 25b11 . o tri modaib ordaigther in sollamainsea, PH 3600. o béss saegulla in secular fashion, Trip. 80.24 . munat ón chéill-si adeirthear in this sense, IGT Introd. § 28. gan shunnradh . . . ó shunnradh in an indefinite sense . . . in a definite one, § 73. as leó o cert an tsealb theirs by right, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254 n. 1 . go bhfuil agam ó dhligheadh . . . léim thar uimhir éigcinnte that I have a right to skip, Content. vi 86 . Rendering a Latin ablative: atbēla ō bhās, ITS xxxiv 58 § 29 (morte morieris, Gen. ii 17 ). na ro aiplium o thircur, ITS xxxiv 66 § 31 (ne forte moriamur, Gen. iii 3 ).

VI Agent (an extension of II):

(a) with passive vb.: cf. Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ): quaestio . . . mihi (.i. dativus .i. óim) enodanda. amal non-nertar-ni ho dia, Wb. 14b13 . intí on gontar nech by whom some one is slain, Ériu iii 140.182 . tinólfaider uanni a muster will be made by us, CRR 22 (p. 32.6) . coro gabad o Iúdaidib ┐ coro crochad o míledu, PH 2363. cethri cinid . . . ó ngabtha rigi in domain, Ériu iv 174.5 . forfemdeass o neoch . . . techt 'na adhuicch none was able to oppose him, RC xiii 8.7 . ro forcóngradh ó Ṡenchan for filedaibh Erenn, ACL iii 4.21 .

Similarly with part. and participial adj.: adib scripthi-si ón spirut ye are written by the Spirit, Wb. 15a12 . ba hada- mraigthi . . . he ona hapstalu admired by, PH 685. Cf. also: peacadh Mhuire . . . ro ba ghlan uile ón Fhíréan, A. Ó Dálaigh li 10 (= ro ba ghlanta). mar tá tú uainne `the state I have brought Thee to', Dán Dé xviii 11.

(b) after verbal and kindred nouns (a later use than that of DO, the prep. commonly employed in Mid.Ir.): adrad in Maic óna trí druídib, Ériu ii 198.20 . arna rád ó tri húgdaraib, BColm. 2.11 . bás Anmchadha . . . ó Mhathghamhna, Ériu i 102.4 . trí conganta na nguthaidhe ó chonnsuinibh three cases in which vowels are reinforced by consonants, IGT Introd. § 18. gním an cét laí on dúilem, RC xxiv 372.10 . ata i cúibrech o ainglib Dé is held in chains by, PH 2038. a dhochar ón drochshaoghal `his sufferings from the cruel world', Dán Dé iv 12 .

VII In partitive sense, generally after an indef. or demonstr. pron. or numeral; in early Ir. only before pronouns, DE being used before subst. la nech huáin any one of us, Wb. 6b20 . cách uáib, 25a34 . rann uáibsi, 14c15 . is aen uaib nom- braithfi-sea, PH 2372. dias uaib two of you, Ériu i 118 § 10. cechtar bhuaind both of us, ZCP xiii 232.15 . antí bus coscrach uaib whichever of you conquers, TTebe 4392 . gibé uaibh lén háil coinntinn, Content. xxviii 59. tuarustal . . . da gach en- brucchaid uathaibh, ZCP viii 116 § 15. cethrar o marcachaib, Anecd. i 10.5 .

VIII Used with a noun to limit or define the application of a preceding adj. or noun:

(a) in respect of, with regard to , gen. after adj.: basa iudide ó écosc . . . nipsa iudide ó béssaib a Jew in appearance . . . a Jew in customs, Wb. 10d34 , 35 . marb hó thoil cholno dead as to the desire of the flesh, 19a17 . it hǽ ata dirgi ho chridiu upright in heart, Ml. 56a20 . cennais o menmain ┐ o fordreich, PH 1974. ba genmnaid o curp he, RC xii 334 z . do bhí . . . láidir ó bhríoghaibh, ITS xvi 2.20 . ro ócc o aeis too young in years, BCC § 63. gerb fada C.C. uatha ó corp . . . do bi sé faríu ó spiraid far from them in body . . . with them in spirit, § 274. cách fria chárus ó [oa, v.l.] thaig | inna árus ard-oenaig `each in due order by rank', Metr. Dinds. iv 150 y (`the house he lived in marked his social standing,' note). Cf. iii 368.41 : Medb ropo thúalnge ó [oa, v.l.] thaig = who was competent by virtue of her rank, descent? Similarly after a vb. or vn.: nech immaruimdethar o banscáil `who transgresses in respect of a woman', Ériu vii 140.1 . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. § 41. serc De o huilib nerttaib, o chridhi, o gnim, ACL iii 312 § 1. In the follg. exx. the primary sense is locative: don leith ó tír on the land side, CCath. 1740. do leth ón muir, from the sea side, 1909 .

(b) about, concerning : don badbscel ro innis o chelib the tragic tale he told of his companions, FB 70. nídat fíra na scéla sin on fhir út, PH 2668. ná rab tathmet o Blathmac that there should be no memory of B., BColm. 20.10 . nirb ail léo labairt o maith to speak of good, Aisl. Tond. 114 § 2. gan (ó bheith aige) . . . gan (ó bheith na égmhais) `gan' [= O.Ir. ocon] of what one has . . . `gan' [= O.Ir. cen] of what one is without, IGT Introd. § 67.

IX Used of distance (in time, space or order), to denote the initial point of measurement.

(a) of time: ó thossuch from the beginning, Wb. 7b11 . huand uair nundabertatar filistindi from the time the Philistines carried it off, Ml. 82d9 . ón challaind co alaili, Fél. Prol. 325. ón chind bliadna ca chéile from one end of the year to the other, CRR 11. ó luan taite ṡamna co taite n-imbuilc, TBC-LL¹ 2900. in cóicatmad laa o dómnach na hesergi, PH 5414. o Adam co tanic Christ, 3665 . niconfacae óa gein gusan aidchi sin, Mon. Tall. § 67. ni ro gab nech aili rigi nErenn o Niall ille from (the time of) N. on, RC xxiv 202.11 . So in a number of stereotyped expressions: ó chéin long ago, ó chianaib, ó sin (ṡin) amach (anall, ille) from that time forth, ón tráth-sa.

Rarely used to express duration of time: ataat alai[li] feid- ligte ho aimsir who endure awhile, Ml. 21d4 (= ad tempus aliquos manere). ex parte .i. o aimsir bicc . . . .i. tempore tantum , Wb. 5c2 . not-cloifither anosa ┐ scērthar frit do cumachtu . . . o chéin `for long', PH 3890 (elsewhere in PH ó chéin = long ago; a mistake for co cian?). Of point of time: olaili laithiu (= in die quadam), Lat. Lives 16.13 . olailiu domnuch, 17.10 (= olaili laithi, Trip. 124.16 ; olaili domnach, ib. 7 ).

(b) space: noí n-imdada ó thenid co fraigid, FB 2 ( LU 8051 ). ó ó go erboll, TBC-LL¹ 6159. is cían uait airm in-das-fil, 884 . téora fuithairbi on tig, FB 20. mile ceimenn seachtair o ballaigip na Romha, Fl. Earls 194.16 . atá flaith adamra fri gnúis do gnúis dóib úathib sáerdes south-east of them (lit. from them south-eastwards), FA 5. is fada daine ┐ cathracha buain [= uain], ZCP vi 293.10 . In later Mid.Ir. ó is replaced to a great extent by óthá, q.v.

(b 2) 3 sg. m./n. as adv. since, hence : teora bliadna ūadh, ZCP v 501.w . truagh mo chur i gcolainn ’s gan dul uadh go hinnill 'sad is my incarnation unless I go hence safely' Ir. Syll. Poetry 35 § 11 , Celtica iii 336 n. 4 .

(c) of series of other kinds: ro hinnisidh a scélu o thus co derith, IT i 128.10 . cech olc dogné nech o bic co mor, PH 6432 . réalt is mo shoillsigheas . . . on ghealaigh amach (i.e. next to the moon), Corp. Astron. 80.27 . idir dhéirc . . . urnuighthe aifreann is gach deighghníomh oile ó shoin amach all other good works besides, Keat. iii 3040.

(d) with reflex. pron. after vbs. of seeing, viewing, at (an indefinite) distance from oneself: adchonnairc uadha an dabach he saw before him, Ériu iii 156 x . docunncadur longa uadha furan muir, ZCP vi 294.15 . tiagam . . . do deiscin uainn for fertais Locha E., TBC-LL¹ 602. o thuc aichne air uada when he had recognized him some way off, TTebe 3299 . ba ler disi tochim na sluag uaithi she could clearly see the hosts advancing, 2649 . dochonnarc uaim . . . maighdean, Keat. Poems 410. Similarly after a noun: tecoscis in gilla dó Ulaid ar cach leth úad pointed out (the places in) Ulster on every side, TBC-LL¹ 1212. na maic sin a hÉrnaib úan from the distant Erainn, Metr. Dinds. iii 70.57 . dochonncadar . . . ar chnocaibh uathaibh iad on hills in the distance, ML 62.10 . a léine as leascc leam húaim `his tunic I am loth to behold', KMMisc. 348.9 .

X After noun or vb. expressing want,

(a) of the person needing (an extension of I): nad rabi ní ba esbaid úad that he lacked nothing, FB 4. comtis failtigide [sic leg.] d'fagbail [sic leg.] stelli a hesbaid uathib that they might rejoice the more to find the star because it had disappeared from them, PH 7013. nach tessta do treigib rigachta uadha that he lacked no royal characteristics, RC x 182.4 . In late lang. common after subst. vb.: atá ní uaim I am without; I want : ná bí uaim acht agam `be mine, keep not aloof', A. Ó Dálaigh l 17. biaidh uainne go bráth ag Íor tús ar gcreach we have forfeited for ever to I. the leadership of our raids, Content. xxviii 31. isin laithe . . . in badh móo ro baoi úaidhibh for chalma do dhenomh when they had most need to show valour, Hugh Roe 316.19 (f. 82b) . an ni a bhios uaidhe d'faghail, Luc. Fid. 200.6 . Cf. cia hé an duine . . . do rachadh gan ádhbhar mor uaidh air gusan áit a mbiadh pláigh? without strong reason for it, Mac Aingil 211.8 .

In follg. exx. the prep. is equivalent to the dat. incommodi: duine . . . óna bhfuair moran da cairdib . . . bās many of whose friends had died, BCC § 109. in airdríghan ro bo marbh uadha féin whom he had lost by death, CCath. 1454. gur leor uireas- bhadh Thuaithe R. .i. O Flannagáin do mharbhadh uatha the loss sustained by the T.R. through the fall of O'F., Maguires of F. § 17.

(b) rarely of the thing needed; this construction seems con- fined to the vb. adilcnigidir and may be an imitation of the Lat. constr. of egere, indigere with abl. ata coicthi ón aidilcnig- thir ecna ┐ latar na psalmb five things which the knowledge . . . of the psalms requires, Hib. Min. 8.245 . ni aidilcniget o nach airchisecht, Alex. 851 , cf. 849 . co ro aidilgniged Ísu o fortacht aingel (= indigebat adiutorio angelorum), PH 4841 , cf. 6256 .

oíd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oíd or dil.ie/33616
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: uíd, óid, úid, úid, dúinn, dhúin, óidh, cóir

n f. also uíd (later form? but already LU 4066 , M.). Occas. pronounced óid, úid for purposes of rhyme; cf. follg. rhymes: úid: dúinn, LB marg. sup. dhúin: m'úidh, ZCP ii 360.8 . dacōid: m'ōid, ACL iii 236 § 11. óidh, rhymes with cóir, IGT Dec. ex. 672 ; with mbróin, Content. xxix § 15 n. 2 (quot.); with Róimh, Ir. Monthly 1919, 3.18 . Later oft. written aoid(h), uid(h)e, aoid(h)e.

Heed, attention, observation ; in earlier Mid.Ir. chiefly in phrase: dobeir do (d'a) o.¤ heeds, pays attention to, bears in mind : tabar d'oid hé observe him well, LU 4362. ni thuc a ratha di oid did not observe (remember) his guarantees, 9803 . tabair det oíd na glanruine fallsigfet-sa duit (= intellige), PH 6190 ( LB 72b9 ). in tabaerthi do bur n-oídh a ndorónad frim- sa?, TTr. 749. tabram d'ar n-uid a ndernsat d'ulc rinn let us bear in mind, Aen. 3085. ua subach e . . . an tan d'airbiread d'a uidh ┐ d'a aire an rigi do rochtain dō when he called to mind that the kingdom would fall to him, TTebe 240 . ní tarsat Romanaig dia n-aid paid no attention, Anecd. iii 67.14 . dia ttab[h]raidh da bar n-aoidh a n-abraim-se fribh, Hugh Roe 210.12 (f. 56 a) . tabhuir-si dot aoigh ┐ dot aire cia uain . . ., ZCP x 292.33 . With part. necess.: ni hed ba tabartha do aíg no do aire no heed should be paid to it, TBC-LL¹ 153. nir bo thabartha d'aíd ind fastine, LL 229b9 = TTr. 905. as intugtha dh'aidh it should be seriously considered, ITS xix 80.25 .

Folld. by vn., takes care, remembers (to do someth.): tabair dot uid in anoir-si do thabairt uaitt be sure to pay this honour, PH 7400. ní thardsat dia n-oídh . . . teicheadh they did not think of fleeing, Hugh Roe 44.16 (f. 12a) , cf. AFM vi 1930.1 (dia n-uídh).

In later Mid.Ir. in follg. phrases: dobeir (cuirid) a o.¤ (for) notices, heeds : lotar dochum a mban . . . ┐ ni tucsat a mna oidh took no notice, ACL iii 224.30 . nochor la a aid for duine, Aen. 3059. ar tháibhleóir Trágha Bale | tarrla m'uid ocus m'aire, Anecd. i 36 § 88. atá a o.¤ i n- (fri, ar) his mind is set on: co tuca Dia dúinn dethbir | fa mbia ar n-úid i n-oilithir, LB 230 marg. sup. ni ḟuil th'aídh na th'inne hi ccradh, Cog. 64.29 . gan m'oid 'na croich da ria rium if I persist in heeding not His cross, ACL iii 236 § 11. má tá h'uidh re Temraigh if thou hast any care for Tara, BNnÉ 288.11 . th'uídh ar fhagháil th'anma your anxiety to win a name, Content. ix 18. oidh ar huilleth n-oismentai, ZCP vii 306.24 . a n-aoide ar fhaghlaib `their industry in depredations', O'Gr. Cat. 472.27. atá . . . ar a o.¤: gan do bhuain nó do bhranar ar a uídh caring nothing for crops or fallow-land, AFM v 1782.24 . Folld. by obj. gen.: caor ghlan tsluaigh gan oídh fillte without thought of turning, Content. xxix § 15 n. 2 . In sense object of thought, aim : is é a n-uidhe . . . a mbeith fo scéith Phádraig, Keat. iii 1815 (poem).

sáithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sáithech or dil.ie/36063

 

Forms: sáthach

adj o, ā (sáith) also sáthach

(a) satisfied, filled (of physical appetite): sáth .i. biad. inde dicitur saithech, Corm. 41 = Corm. Y 1163 . sathach gl. satur, Ir. Gl. 402 . a llucht saille . . . ba sáthech in cū de, Hy. v 28 ( Thes. ii 334 ). menba sāit[h]ech, nī subach | in corp ītmar acarach, ACL iii 240 § 37 . díamsa saithech bíd ┐ cotulta, LU 8469 ( FB 32 ). nīdom sāitheach dom chluithi beos, TBC-I¹ 507 = nimda sátech dom cluchi, LU 4996 ; cf. corbat dóithanaig cluchi, TBC-LL¹ 991 = comba saithig, St. bidh saithech o began be satisfied with a little, Ériu v 128 § 18 . tan it s.¤ not-ge[i]b úall, ZCP vii 268 § 5 . combat saíthech dít (sic leg.) `until they have had enough of you', xviii 92.8 ( LL 284a16 ). nirbat sathig, Metr. Dinds. iii 78.24 . bud dīmsach gach sāit[h]ech, ZCP x 50.22 . gumdar mesco ┐ gumtar sathig, IT i 138.17 . o roptar mescai ┐ roptar sáthig, LU 1827 . at nagar biad doib cu mba saitheach iat, MR 10.13 . go beith sáthach dhuit-se until thou hast had thy fill, Keat. iii 1024 . a dhream atá sáthach = qui saturati estis, TSh. 7240 . ní d' ithe ┐ bheith sáitheach, Deuteronomy xi 15 . íostaoi ┐ ní bheithí sáthach, Levit. xxvi 26 . Compar. ní fhuarabairsi riam biad da mba sathchu sib, LL 303b12 ( SG 378.21 , RC xiii 82 § 87 ).

(b) in wider sense satisfied, content, of good cheer, flourishing : sāithech cech ainmnetach aitt, Ériu ix 47.3 . basa setrech saithech, LU 1353 ( Imr. Brain ii 292 § 14 ). ba calma saithech sonairt slog . . . na Romanach, LB 157a14 . batar sáthaig a slóig, Alex. 196 . gach rí saidhbhir sáitheach, DDána 22.4 .

sámchar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sámchar or dil.ie/36136

 

adj o, ā (sám+car) restful, peaceful : co subach samchar sithchanda, LL 227a34 ( TTr. 743 ).

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