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ad-suidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-suidi or dil.ie/579
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: atsuidhim, adsudi, a-t-suidi, a-ta-suidi, -asstai, ad-suidet, ad-suiter, ad-dom-suiter, -astaider, ad-suidetar, adsuighidter, -astaiter, asta, -astad, adsode, a-ta-sode, -astae, -asta, -astat, roastar, -astatais, adsuife, -astaibther, adrosoid, atrosoid, adsaidh, adrodad, -asta, roasta, astide, astaithi, astad, fastód, astaid, fastaid, fostaid, astaigid, fostaigid, fastóid, -astád

v (* ad-suid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 637 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atsuidhim, O'Curry 1066 ( H 3.18, 440b ). 2 s. adsudi, Ml. 114c6 . 3 s. a-t-suidi, Sg. 66a20 . a-ta-suidi, 64b3 . -asstai, Ml. 114a19 . 3 pl. ad-suidet, Sg. 4b15 . Pass. sg. ad-suiter. Ml. 68d5 . ad-dom-suiter, Thes. ii 3.33 . -astaider, Sg. 3a4 . Pl. ad-suidetar, ZCP xiii 22.11 . adsuighidter, Laws iv 142.z Comm. 144.2 Comm. -astaiter, i 30.27 . Ipv. 2 s. asta, LU 2983 . 3 s. -astad, Wb. 10d7 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adsode, Wb. 10a9 . a-ta-sode, 10 . -astae, Ml. 55a19 . 3 s. -asta, Ml. 126a6 . 3 pl. -astat, Wb. 29a16 . Pass. sg. with ro: mad roastar , Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -astatais, Laws iii 2.2 . Fut. 3 s. adsuife, CMT² 30 § 29 n. Pass. s. -astaibther, Laws i 192.4 Comm. Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrosoid, Ml. 97d16 . atrosoid, 39a16 . adsaidh, O'Curry 469 ( H 3.18, 246 ). Pass. sg. adrodad, Laws i 52.3 . = atroadh, O'D. 19 ( H 3.17, col. 397 = CIH v 1897.11 , Contract Law 222 ). Pl. -asta, Lism. L. 2514 . roasta, LL 22122 . Part. astide gl. adpensum, Ml. 20a22 . Vbl. of necess. astaithi, Laws v 286.11 Comm. Vn. astad, fastód.

Later as simple vb. astaid, fastaid, fostaid. Also astaigid (fastaigid, fostaigid). Cf. fostaid, fostaigid. Occas. with long vowel in second syll.: fastóid, LU 2109 . -astád, TTr.² 1141 (see under fostaid). IGT Verbs § 64 , § 80, 106 . See also assoith.

(a) stops, holds back, detains, hinders: nach nastad in cretmech `let the believer not detain him', Wb. 10a7 . ci atasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', 10a10 . atrosoid gl. (se mali uicisitudine) suspenderit, Ml. 39a16 . ni astaider ┐ ni timmorcar fri slond nintliuchta gl. quae a nullo affectu mentis proficiscitur, Sg. 3a4 . atomsuide serc Dé, IT iii 51 § 95 . adrodad fri less na túad / isin port co bráth it has been detained for the good of the people, Trip.² 786 . asta dinetan fort cind stop a little while, LU 2983 . timchellaid . . . múr . . . ┐ fastóid (astaid, v.l.) anmand inna pectach, LU 2109 ( FA 17 ). coro asta na heonu cen togairad C. so that the birds were prevented from calling to C., LL 22122 . im amus ceneoil do denam de dus i n-astaibther no tuilithe do radh ris to know whether he will be kept or be regarded as an interloper, Laws i 192.4 Comm. dia mbed da clad íme . . . adsuitear leo `he is restrained by them', iv 158.3 Comm. . . . eoin ┐ énluithe Leithi Mogha do thiachtain cuigi isin crainnsin co n-asta uile acasom, Lism. L. 2514 . o samain co medón erraig ro hast ind imguin ultu, RC vi 188.15 . astaid da n-ag dibh he seizes two deer, v 200 § 12 . mad roastar cach mil díb i mbethu lasin merlech if each of these animals be detained alive, Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Intrans: asdofe (gl. no adsuife) ant ór ina broinn 'the gold will stick in his belly', CMT² 30 § 29 .

(b) Legal fixes, makes permanent or legal, binds, establishes: ni astat nadmann in diupairt bonds do not bind such a fraudulent arrangement, ZCP xiii 22.29 ( Bürgschaft 10 ). cenisnasta naidm na raith adasuidhe dliged law establishes them, 24.1 (§ 39). astud cáich hi coruib bel, ar ro buí in biuth i mbailiuth mani astaitis cuir bél if verbal contracts were not binding, ZCP xvi 176 § 6 ( Laws i 40.24 ). man[i] astat cuir bel . . . cia beth dono cuir bel and adsuidet adi, Laws ii 130.2 Comm. atsuiter cuir bél la Feine amuil ad-rodad Adam ina derbdubairt: at-bath in biuth uile ar aenuball `as Adam was bound by his deception' (i.e. the Fall was considered as a contract whereby Adam exchanged the immortality of man for an apple), ZCP xvi 177 § 13 . fosuid cach aititiu adsuidet folaid, Laws iii 10.8 . cona ndilsi feibh as dech atsaitar (no atsuitar) dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . atait .x. nailche annscuichthecha atsuidet cach ndilsi, O'Curry 416b ( H 3.18, 229a ). ?adsuighe crích cadesin . . . ar id comarda criche insin that defines a `crích', Laws iv 142.24 . With FRI and FOR: it e trénailche in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betha for those are the strong rocks to which the judgements of the world are bound fast (i.e. which support the law), ZCP xvi 175 § 1 ( Laws i 30.27 ). nī nī nach breth berar . . . nad fri hapstal n-uasal n-astaigther (nascaider v.l.) i.e. no judgement is effective unless a holy apostle guarantees it(?), Corm. Y 1224 ( Anecd. iv 106.19 ). adsuidetar tra frisna [na]dmann so ┐ ni diuprat, is de ata adsuidet naidmann ┐ ni diuprat they are held binding (as valid) by these `naidms' but the latter do not guarantee fraud; therefore it is said `naidms' bind but do not cheat, ZCP xiii 22.11 ( Bürgschaft 9 § 25 ). is misech maine astaithur fri som(m)uine n-aircendcha he is entitled to do this when he is not bound by dues already given, ZCP xv 248 § 6 ( Laws ii 210.15 ). Cf. also: at-chíu a chlaideb . . . ina intiuch . . . conid fri crúaid n-aurrdric n-aister, BDD² 1037 . ni asta rudrad rugnassa . . . manab for ailchib udhpart astaiter, O'Curry 2471 (Eg. 88, 38a2). nach breath nad astaiter fors nach aei (i.e. on `fír' and `dliged'), Laws v 10.4 . Note also: atasuidi for sobus íar córus fine `he holds them (viz. the aforesaid dependents) fast to good conduct (i.e. he must see that they fulfil their legal duties)', Críth G. 341 and note. adsuide fis .i. dia festar for nech olc do denamh adsuidhe fiacha(ib) fair it makes him liable to fines, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18, p. 251 ). cia met i n-astaither cach dib `to what extent each of them is confirmed in his rights', Laws iv 344.8 . Note also: mani astat in da recht peccad foir unless the two laws convict him of sin, Wb. 29a16 . With IN-: atsuidi neutur isnaib anmannaib in es a n-accomol fri neutur i n-immognom `their connexion with a neuter in construction establishes the neuter in the nouns in -es', Sg. 66a20 .

2 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áige or dil.ie/917

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e) io, m. Perh. same word as 1 á. post, prop, pillar: braga .i. bir-āga. āige ainm bir, Corm. Y 161 . aighe .i. sail no gabhal, O'Cl. dún . . . dorus umaide fair ┐ ágai umaidi and, LU 1793 . bertais . . . inna hágu umaidi, 1799 . cach aga cach airenach (of the Tech Midchuarda), LL 3704 . Extended uses. Of a person: cach óen nad beir genelach cosna cethrib agaib arddaib seo .i. co Niall la Hu Nēill, co hEochaid Mugmedoin etc., Rawl. 140b28 . imme, maith in taighe, / suides flaith cech tiri (of the king of Tara), Ériu v 232.16 . ba háge immairic cach fer dib seo pillar of battle, LU 1602 ( IT ii2 214.52 ). ?dal armairc gan all n-āighi / as tairgsin āirmhe ar nionaibh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 33 . inmain áighe sútt `beloved chief', BColm. 36.16 . Frequ. in Fél. of saints: Pól apstol, ard áge, Fél. Prol. 119 (.i. calma, Fél.2, where Stokes suggests reading colma. Hence aighe .i. calma, O'Dav. 69 , O'Cl. citing Fél.). Benedict balc áge (: Árne), March 21 (.i. tuir, ib.). Pátraic prímdae áge, Nov. 2. comdíre do rig ┐ epscop ┐ agu rechta litre ┐ suid filed an authority in literary matters, ZCP xvi 175 § 4 . age rechta dilgetha .i. int og-ae aca mbi dirgidetu dilgeda, in fer leiginn .i. sai chanoine, Ériu xii 12.2 . a.¤ fine head of the family: cor focerdcar (leg. -tar) seach aga fine ada cora do beith oga, Laws iv 60.12 . co tuca cach a cond .i. a aige fine, i 80.29 Comm. leth coibche cach ingine dia haighe fine, iii 314.9 Comm. a.¤ réire judge: aighe rere .i. brethem, O'Dav. 19 . aighe réire ag breith fírbhreath (glossed aighe .i. sail no gabhal; réire .i. aosda .i. sail sheanoirde re breitheamhnas), Hard. ii 294.8 . Of a high place: fil dam aichne áige . . . benn B., Metr. Dinds. iv 70.1 . rodharcbla . . . isi cric domídigear rosc ┐ adsuighaidter criche frisin, ma rofeisear in da aighe derba bidé iman raind sin `this is the district estimated by the eye, boundaries are defined by these if the two certain heads which are to this division be known' (i.e. the eye fixes the boundary if two points of it remain i.e. by running a straight line between these points), Laws iv 144.5 Comm. is ed tainic a n-aige ┐ a n-ardde ant srotha co rochuired uadha na cairci commora, TTebe 3623 (Ed. takes as 1 aige). aighe .i. cnoc, O'Cl.

ainb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainb or dil.ie/1164
Last Revised: 2013

adj i (see GOI p. 228 ) earlier d: g. sg. bag anfed (MS. anfeich), Bürgschaft 20 , Ériu xli 141 , pl. i mbéolu anfed (MSS. anfeich, ainbḟéth), ibid . ignorant: is ainib gl. nescius, Ml. 30c2 . it ainbi gl. mentiri nescia, 51c14 . súi cech a.¤ aisc .i. dlegair de ṡuid aisc cech aneolaig, RC xxvi 16.2 and note. idhan gach nannag na.¤ , O'Curry 2316 ( Eg. 88 24 (25)c ). fer étho ainb 'unwitting man of territory' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 82 § 8 . As adv. ind a.¤ gl. ignoranter, Ml. 43a4 .

airchetal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchetal or dil.ie/1707
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aircetal

o, n. Freq. also aircetal. For delenition of -rch- see Ériu xxxii 81 . Later m. Vn. of ar-cain. (a) metrical composition, poem; poetry: bailir .i. urcetal, Goid. 78 § 202 (Dúil Laithne). iomchomurcar dath ┐ tothacht . . . in gach airchedol, Ériu xiii 14.z . dlegar do cach filid nemdiubairtce aircedail, Laws v 458.24 . ro facaib [Patraic] acu . . . genelaige fer nErenn, aisti cach aircedail ┐ duili sluinnti, Laws i 44.19 Comm. asi sin in bo dochuindgeas ar is bithblicht in t-aircetal, Anecd. i 50.13 . a.¤ doroindi seom do D. . . . airg . . . co n-[a]irchedal do rig Erenn, Anecd. i 8.8 ( SCano 234 ). fri snádud neich dothíssad co n-airchetul, LU 5081 (TBC). is dorcha a fidrad inn airchedail the interpretation of the poetry is obscure, Ériu v 32.7 . raind espai ┐ airchetail `idle staves and songs', RC xiv 418 § 35 ( LL 12833 ). buár suád .i. airchetla beca ara tabraiter bae do suid , xxvi 22 § 66 and n. ( LL 187a33 ). et doriṅgni in gló[ṡ]náthi airchetail seo iarsin, TFerbe 99 . d'immbud ēcnai ┐ eōlais ┐ aircetail, MacCongl. 21.17 . istu[d]loc toghaidhi do ecna Dé ┐ día a.¤ amail Pól apstal, BColm. 104.26 . saoi . . . hi senchus ┐ hi filidheacht ┐ i n-airchetal, AFM ii 870.9 . is don chanaid sin atá in t-arcetal sa, Fen. 194.5 . In sense of tairchetal: ro aisneidh doib uili aircetla in catha catharda, CCath. 1062 . Perh. name of a class of metres (descr. as having trisyllabic line-endings): do aistib ind aircetail i coitchinn indso, IT iii 67 . trethsillabach in t-a.¤ , 105 § 208 . See p. 127. toimsiter aisti inn aircetail fri haltaib na ndaeni, Auraic. 1509 . Name of a type of satire: cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisnes ┐ ail ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 (= Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). aircetal aíre dano ataait .x. fodla fair-side, 25 (ib.). do labhair an Tighearna ar tus i ngach uile aircheatal trid na faidhibh teaching, ITS xxix 166.11 . (b) ability to compose poetry : in fili nád ḟrithgnai, ┐biid airchetal oca … mani bé airchetal la mac ind ḟiled 'the poet who does not attend a course of study, and has ability in poetry … if the son of the poet does not have ability in poetry' UR 106 § 8 . eter frithgnum ┐ airchetal 'both with regard to having pursued a course of study and having ability in poetry' 106 § 10 . fer lasa mbí airchetal n-án ┐ filedacht án 'a man who has splendid poetry, and splendid poetic standing' 114 § 22 .

As n. pr. maic Ollaman Airchetail, Anecd. ii 47.18 .

amrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amrae or dil.ie/3201

Forms: ambra, amhra, ánradh, aimhre

adj I io, iā. ambra: cadla, LL 4891 . amhra: ánradh, O'R. Poems 3152 (see notes); : anma, DDána 13.5 . aimhre: hAilbhe, AFM i 174.5 . See Ó Máille, Ériu x 158 . wonderful, marvellous, extraordinary: a.¤ ō uerbo ammiror .i. adamraigim, O'Mulc. 40 . Freq. glossed by maith: amra .i. maith nó mirbail nó imat nó iṅgnad, Lec. Gl. 88 . ateoch ríg n-amra n-aiṅgel (.i. maith no mirabilis), Thes. ii 350.14 . amra .i. bona, 328.31 . Also Ériu xiii 63 § 25 ( .i. fír, 64 § 41 ), O'Cl. Hence of advice: comarli amra, MU² 183 . Dánfhocail 230 . Of a person: in mac a.¤ airdirc, Trip.² 2670 . bid amre in mac, LU 10919 . fri clainn n-amrai n-Israhél, SR 4186 . abb Irarda a.¤ , Fél. Feb. 8 . á rí úasail amri, Ep. 462. la cét martir ṅa.¤ , July 4 . maccáem . . . amra alaind tu, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . ba fhaidh amra `wondrous prophet', RC xxiv 194.4 . Of a place: airecol a.¤ , LU 11023 . suid[igud] ard a.¤ / tige túathaic[h] Temra, ZCP viii 108.10 . Of things: fertae amrai ili many wonderful miracles, Fél. Ep. 175 . mind amra, Cog. 30.16 . is amre lim rad ṅdé lib I am pleased, Wb. 7d3 . amre liumsa, 14a34 . Equative: coich boi . . . badid [n]amradair (amridir, amrathir, adamruigter, v.l.) .i. bad comhuasal fri C., ACC 65 ( RC xx 260 ). badad namhradhar, Blathm. 740 . nī tharla celtair talmain / dar dúil badit n-amraither (sic leg., GOI § 368 ; -rathor MS) `anything so marvellous', Fianaig. 14 § 31 . Compar. ní fil i n-Ére óclaig bas amru, LU 4861 (TBC). amru feraib, 3641 ( SCC 31 ). ní bu amru ro-cloth dó something (even) more extraordinary was heard of him, MU² 940 `not more to his glory was it heard of him', Gloss. mad amru imres slega, Ériu iv 98 § 26 . Superl. ri side as amram tic Erind, YBL 136a18 . can assa iarthur . . . ass amram forcan a gial[l]aigecht ? Ériu iv 162 § 24 .

As subst. wonderful person: is int a.¤ Ithidún, SR 4192 . i cath Charmain cetaib cend / i mbatar amrai Herend, LL 2283 . dia n-amraib `of their famous men', Metr. Dinds. iv 98.93 .

II Subst. io, [n.]

(a) a wonderful thing, wonder, marvel: imforlinged mór namri de gl. a great wonder has resulted therefrom, Wb. 15d21 . mór namri, 13a33 . dind amru durigeni dia erib, Ml. 67b17 . már ní son .i. di amru, 17a10 . boí már de amru inna flaith many wonders, LU 10115 . tri ha.¤ Glinne Dalláin . . . tri ha.¤ Connacht, Triads 236 - 237 . samlai / . . . do maic amhrai (= macamrai), Blathm. 26 (see note). Common with follg. gen. indicating what is wonderful e.g. amra tíre a wonderful country, IT i 133.2 . ba a.¤ retha `a wondrous course', Thes. ii 311.1 ( Hy. ii ). a.¤ maitne wonderful morning (of a battle), TBC-LL¹ 4973 . a.¤ (n-)a.¤ used as an exclamation: a.¤ n-a.¤ ol in slúag wonder of wonders, BDD² 165 . tucaid mo shéotu damsa . . . a.¤! a.¤! ol cách, TBFr. 290 . a.¤ bríg (bríge) used ironically: amra brīgi soin . . . acht ropom airdricse that is of little account provided I become famous, TBC-I¹ 571 . amra bríg can co rabur acht oen lá ┐ oen adaig ar bith, TBC-LL¹ 1111 . Perhaps in literal sense: amra brígaib, bág n-uide / sám fri sídaib sám-chuire a great wonder, a traveller's tale, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.15 .

(b) miracle: Brigtæ ba hóen a amra, Thes. ii 338.5 (Hy. v) .i. do ḟertaib Brigte, z. ba mó amru arailiu / din chloich dorigne saland, 338.1 (ib.). amhra .i. firt, Ériu xiii 79 § 252 .

(c) vision: amhra .i. aisling, O'Cl. ni chreiti[r]-sium físi na hamra na haislingi, TTebe 622 . lá dár chodailsion . . . dochí amhra, Arch. Hib. i 83 § ii . spirut a ffidhair amra ┐ aislinge, Fl. Earls 192.24 . amhra do chailg mo chridhe, / mairg re dtarla ar dtaidhbhse-ne, Dánta Gr. 44.3 . an tusa an bhean do bhí sunn / aréir tre amhra agum?, TD 40.1 .

(d) eulogy. In titles of poems etc.: A.¤ Choluimb Chille, RC xx 30 . A.¤ Chonrói, Ériu ii 1 . A.¤ Senáin, ZCP iii 222 , etc. Note also: in t-ámrad Senāin, ZCP iii 225.3 . sreath . . . rann d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh `of eulogistic quatrains fit for an assembly', Ériu ix 163 § 5 . `As these poems were used as `path protections' ( V. SS. Hib. i clxxix ) a.¤ comes to have the meaning charm, cf. Hyde, Abhráin diadha i 353 ', Plummer MS notes. See 2 amrath.

bár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bár or dil.ie/5375

n o, m. (B. na f.) freq. in glossaries, wise man, sage; leader, overseer: b.¤ (bar) glossed .i. suí, Corm. Y 202 (sai). O'Curry 1399 (H. 3.18, 633). Lec. Gl. 160. O'Cl. Metr. Gl. 24 § 15. ZCP v 485 § 2. LB 101.59 . bair .i. suid , Auraic. 5425 . Glossed .i. mair (muir), O'Curry 1398 (H. 3.18, 633). Corm. Y 201. Goid. 77.141 (Dúil Laithne). Heremoin . . . / . . . bruthmar bar (:mār), Rawl. 116b9 = bethir nār, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 29 § 32. in bār ar bruinneib Breg ṁbrāthach, RC xxxvi 262 § 2 ( Rawl. 85b4 ) = in b.¤ , LL 6449. mo bar buadach, 385cy 0 . bar Bretan, 21469 . in bar brigas buaid, BB 380b19 . ? b.¤ beatha co mbreitheamhnas (of Patrick), Leb. Cert.² 22. mise Benén . . . / b.¤ buada, 396 . fuath do bharcuibh caise dfeis, / imtearc sin o bheith na bh.¤ `hatred of books, love of feasting, that is far from being a sage', ZCP iii 378.9 . is e an Scip sin barr Affraici dar eis Poimp, CCath. 4872.

Compd. bārnia lond Labraid `fürstliche Kämpe', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 7 § 2 ( barnia lonn, LL 377b16 ). Cf. bréo dána b. níad, Dinds. 42.

1 búar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búar or dil.ie/7284
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: buar, buar

n o, n. (bó). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96. Us. as coll. cows, cattle, herd(s): buar .i. ba, O'Cl. ealbha, b.¤, speil, tréud, Eg. Gl. 255. doria buar buara, O'Dav. 732. la buar búirech `bellowing cattle', Celtica vi 235 ( buire, Laws iv 20.6 ). dilsi buair, ibid. deichde a b.¤ , Críth G. 132. ba sé sin b.¤ Flidais, LU 1632 (see Heldensage 317). di maigib in búair, 4677 (TBC). cia beir b.¤ o thig Temrach ?, LL 1566. crich ḟer ḟind ḟoghlas bu buair, IT iii 88 § 104. an cheall guna b.¤ bennach, BNnÉ 287.5 . ar cúl a mbó ┐ a mbuair, AFM iii 222.15 .

Of hosts of people : a Fíachaig Find búair fherda | do-rochair rí roEmna 'by Fíachu Find of a manly host did the king of great Emain fall', Three Historical Poems 154 q. 128c-d . buar namat, RC xvii 137.17 'a host', Contribb. 285. b.¤ súad .i. airchetla beca ara tabraiter bae do suid , RC xxvi 22 § 66.

Less freq. in pl.: ro ir dam . . . .x. mbuair (mbuar, v.l.) .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . .ui. buar `six cows', Laws iii 60.4 Comm. imad buar , YBL 174a8 . bō-ghéimnech na mbuar, ML² 1172.

Compds. búar-brat cattle-spoils , Metr. Dinds. iii 82.72 . ¤cholt, see 1 colt. fa bhúarghraighibh, Hy Maine 141.5 . um bhuairsbré, DDána 118.29 .

Cécht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Cécht or dil.ie/8434

in nn. pr. and n. loc.: Mac C.¤ , BDD² 257 etc. mac C.¤ maic Slaide Seched (: chrécht), Metr. Dinds. iii 128.8 . Mac Cecht .i. Tethor cecht a dea, LL 1175 . Mac Cecht .i. mac na cecht .i. na cumachta, BB 254a24 . Mac C.¤ , AFM i 24.2 (see note). Diancēcht .i. ainm do ṡuíd leigis Erend .i. dia na cēcht .i. na cumachta, Corm. Y 446 . See also Cóir Anm. 157 . Cf. Bretha Déin Ch., Ériu xx . dá maireadh Dian Céacht, Dánta Gr. 53.3 . fó mo matan do Maig Cecht, LU 3011 .

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle (i.e. husband, Thurn.), ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

cléirchecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cléirchecht or dil.ie/9412

Forms: cléircecht

n Also by dissimilation cléircecht. ā, f. (cléirech) clerical state, priesthood, monastic life; clericalism : ced nach promae dūn do c[h]lērchecht frisin corp trōach ucut, dūs in taithbēoighfedh in Coimdhiu erot? `clerkship', Cáin Ad. 8 . ara cleirchecht ro rec a cairptiu, LU 1075 ( ACC 109 Comm. ). ba óen a cherd cléirchechta, 953 ff. (83). iar ndul dó fá cuing clércechta, AFM i 306.3 . Sealbhach . . . do dhol i cclercecht, 318.10 . iar ttréccadh a righe ar chléirceacht, 326.15 . a berrad do chlérchiucht, Trip.² 2226 . M. . . . rí Húa Cendsilaig, . . . a cleircecht fuair bass `in clericatu', RC xviii 43.16 (Tig.). gidh scriptuir bes . . . / in cech cill ┐ cleircect, Anecd. ii 38 § 12 . is do choluib clercechta / . . . / molad do gnima feine / tathair gnima do cheile, Ériu ii 228.9 . mairg thréicios c.¤ ar cheird, SG 51.y . dobert a rogha dia dhalta in loechdacht no an cleirchecht, et ruc in dalta do roghain in cleirchecht, Lism. L. 3059 . fechtus dia ndeachaid anti naomh Rúadan for cuairt cleircechta go righ Eoghanachta an ecclesiastical visitation, BNnÉ 329 § 62 . felsom feso ┐ eoluis ┐ indlechta ┐ clercechta, Ann. Conn. 1287.4 . dia do chléirceacht `how clerical', Studies 1918, 98 § 5 . Exceptionally in pl. doirtfiter grada. dorromnaibter clerchechta. dimicnigfiter suid the religious life will be forgotten, RC xxvi 40 § 211 .

deisen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deisen or dil.ie/15275
Last Revised: 2013

n right hand : for dessin a rígathar 'on the right hand of his royal father' Blathm. 548 . suid, a Chríst, dom deisenaib 'sit thou, Christ, at my right hand' 756 . Compd.: for Dé athar desinriuth 'on the right-hand side of God, the Father' 752 .

2 derb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 derb or dil.ie/15548

Forms: deirb

n ā, f. vessel for liquids, pail, churn: dearbh .i. cuinnéog no ballán, O'Cl. d.¤ loma, Corm. Y 454 ( .i. ballán bainne, O'Cl. ). dearb corma, RC xxiv 194 § 6 . gech deidil a deirb every calf has its milk-pail, YBL 140a31 . in d.¤ , Ériu v 34.23 , in bo derba cona deirib `the milch-cow with its churn' (pail?). Laws ii 162.8 Comm. = deirb, O'Curry 688 ( H 3.18 334 ). fri hoo na derba the handle of the milkpail, Ériu v 36.3 ( .i. re clúais na cuinneóige, O'Cl. ). do suid B. i mbun a derba | do déc na crudh blegna a bó, IGT Decl. ex. 731 . As n.pr. f.: Dearbh ingen Ceirmne (Cherme, v.l.), Anecd. ii 56.7 .

See derbín(e), derbóc and 2 derba.

dímicn(ig)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dímicn(ig)id or dil.ie/16540

Forms: dímicnithe

v (dímicen) despises, condemns, disparages: do nim asselbaim na bulla-sa ┐ nos-dímicnigimm, PH 6587 . dímicnid ┐ tarcasnig in námait n-arsata, 2539 . na dímicnid he, 5851 . dimicnigfider cech sáer every noble will be condemned, RC xxvi 38 § 190 . dimicnigfiter sūid sages will be despised, 40 § 211 . co rodimiccniger (rodimmigniur, v.l.) cech n-airfitiud coldaidhe, Otia ii 99 § 36 . rosguidsit . . . na rodímígníged na Troiandai ar na Greco, BB 440a52 . rodinsigh rodimignidh itir dhámh a derbrathar, LL 386a52 . ro-dímicnig . . . ires cretim na nÉbóntai, PH 2530 . ro-bar-dimicnigsebair fen ye have deemed yourselves of no account, 6618 . in eneach a scrini rodimhigneadh that had been dishonoured, AFM iii 124.5 . Part. dímicnithe. See also do-meiccethar.

do-intaí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-intaí or dil.ie/17922
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dointám, duintae-siu, do-da-inta, tintáith, dorintai, intarrae, tintáid, tintúd

v (* to-ind-so-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 635 ). Indic. pres. 1 pl. dointám, Sg. 26b4 . Subj. pres. 2 s. duintae-siu, Ml. 3a13 . 3 s. do-da-inta, Sg. 20b10 . 2 pl. mani tintáith , Wb. 12d2 . Perf. 3 s. dorintai, Ml. 3a7 . du intarrae , 54d3 . Later as simple vb. tintáid, -óid. See also tintaigid. Vn. tintúd. IGT Verbs § 64 .

I Intrans. turns back , returns (opposed to do-soí turns, imm-sói turns round, but sometimes in later lang. used merely in sense turns): ní brónach donintarrái not in sorrow has he returned, Wb. 16b13 . duintarrae inna ucht fesin (his prayer) has returned into his own bosom, Ml. 54d3 . is [s]lan dudintai huath, Irish Texts i 10 § 31 . tintāi C. aithirrach i mMag Muirthemne, TBC-I¹ 1345 . dointói F. día chrích, Imr. Brain i 43.15 . na[ch] long notaidhled in cuan-sa ni tintadh slan uad, CCath. 2902 . dorinntói for cúla isin tech, Hib. Min. 65.26 . rothintá for cúla don cathraich, TTr.² 161 . tináisett na techta doridisi co Tenedos, LL 234a45 ( TTr. 1289 ). Of fig. motion: airchindech . . . noch tindta fri peacad aitherrach, Laws v 118.7 . mac fir . . . na tinntae i tuaith acht sōid fri aithrighe who does not return to the laity but turns to penance (of a cleric), 202.7 . na tinntaba cin na codnach for aite will not revert to the fosterer, ii 176.25 Comm. Turns: tinta frim, Ériu i 116 . tintai P. friu, Lat. Lives 54 . na tíntod fri holc let him not turn to evil, LB 261a61 . Turns, changes: tinntuit asinn aicniud sin i llitrib, Auraic. 333 . Ripens : do ionntódar a heatha 'her corn has ripened', Giolla Brighde 186 § 11 .

II Trans.

(a) in lit. sense turns back: dointō (dointái, LU) Oengus . . . in slog n-uile, TBC-I¹ 2133 . cid dobrintái? what has turned you back? SG 311.12 . it hé tondguir na séisbeimeand nóthinta a corraib ┐ a brainib na mbarc which were turned back (reverberated) from the beaks and prows, TTr.² 901 . Fig. converts: gādatar tíssed in nōeb . . . ara tintarrad ō chlóen | tūatha hÉrenn do bethu, Hy. ii 18 . Changes: cona tinto na fiacla dath, 24 B 3, 56.30 .

(b) translates, renders (freq. in O.Ir. glosses): gl. transferre, Ml. 3a13 . nad tintae-siu al-latin do gregaib, 3a15 . condib ōin-son tintá in son n-ebraide, 37a10 , Wb. 12d2 , Sg. 20b10 . ainm n-eccomtigh . . . .i. beo ┐ uita don-intai `vita' translates it, Hib. Min. 441 . cruimther . . . is annī as premter dorintāiset

they translated `cruimther' from `premter', Corm. Y 211 . rotintāiset sūid . . . a hebru, a greic i l-latin, ZCP iii 22.14 . rostinnta P. in leabar-so a Tartairidh a Laitin, Marco P. 2 .

(c) In Laws reverses, turns aside, cancels: doinnthai flaith ┐ fine . . . cach cor nā toltnaigter may annual every covenant to which they do not assent, Laws iv 54.8 . atait secht cuir foceird mac . . . nach tindtai int athair um a mac which the father does not reverse, v 284.26 . atait tri cuir tintai mac im a athair, 436.22 .i. taithmigend, 438.3 Comm. tri cuir tintaiter do réir britheman, Triads 150 . doinntaithe in cor sin would be cancelled, O'Dav. 149 . ? cach cunnrad conceil ainme doindtaite . . . .i. is tinnto in cunnarta uile, O'D. 801 (H. 3.17, 574).

ecor, ecar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ecor, ecar or dil.ie/19636
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: eacur

o, m. (vn. of in-cuirethar, see III, and cf. ecraid)

I Arranging, disposing, setting in order ; arrangement, array (of persons, places, things); i n-e.¤ , ar e.¤ arranged, set forth, displayed: a n-ecor ┐ a corugud their array (of hosts of Heaven) IT i 177.10 = LU 28ax . egar na n-arcaingeal | eidir na hanmcairdibh, ZCP viii 200.9 . mná na rígh ┐ na taisech for a n-egar cubaid 'na ndeghaidh na rígh fittingly arranged (in a palace hall) Marco P. 78 . iar n-ecar in tsloigthighi sin leo after that host-house had been arranged by them 84 . da suidh O. ar slis righ na bruidne ┐ da suid F. ar in tslis aile...┐ o thairnig egor ┐ orduchudh in taighe mar sin ro daileadh in fleadh fortho, YBL 334b13 . roéirigh a moch do ló ré heagar a dheaghshluaigh to array his army Todd Lect. iv 70.17 . innis duinne ar n-eagar isin slighi romhut agus ad dhiaigh. atait...da naenbhar acuibh romham agus naenbhur am dhiaigh, Oss. v 30.25 . o tairnic do Grecaib cumdach ┐ egar in ech crand[a], Aen. 424 . in recht...arna ecur ┐ arna úrscribad do laim dilis in Duilemun i taiblib, BB 241a38 . líne do litrib orda ar na n-ecar for bord na lunga, D IV 2, 44 [42]va 24 . an tan at-chí [an phéacóg] a hearr iol-dathach i n-eagar ós a cionn displayed above its head TSh. 2352 . Attrib. gen. arranged, regular: cath egair, Caithr. CC 53 . sluagh deigheagair, Keat. iii 3582 . do bháindéad eagair, Hackett xx 41 . Cf. erniud na n-almsan co lluath | is a n-ecor immalle `quick bestowing of alms and disposal of them' Ériu viii 68.23 . The ex.: cech dēt...bai a n-egar a da drant, FB 37 (Eg.) may belong to II, but Cod. Voss. has: a cechtar a di d. ( ZCP iv 169 ).

Cuirid i n-e.¤ arranges, draws up, sets forth (oft. of literary composition): an Ghaedhealg do chur i n-eagar is i n-ordughadh, Keat. ii 139 . do cuireadh i n-eagar is i n-ordughadh an seanchus leis an naonbhar soin, iii 458 . gur chuireas na seacht ranna so...síos i n-eagar do réir uird na ngabháltas, i 110.79 . cuirfed a n-egar rann go robhladhach, Rel. Celt. ii 286.20 . do chum na hiodhbairthe ḟuiltigh do chur a n-egar go misdeamhul chum De, Luc. Fid. 252 z .

Cf. trefocul...cen dichur n-ecoir, Auraic. 1930 .

II Inlaying, adorning; inlaid ornament, decoration: delgg findarggait arna ecor d'ór intlaisse, TBC-LL¹ 2729 . a chírchathbarr...arna ecur de chruan ┐ christaill, 3733 . Fier. 248 ( RC xix ). cóica brat...co cortharaib ecair óir ┐ argit, TFerbe 23 . coica claideb...co n-eltaib dét ecoir óir ┐ argit, 35 . cloidmi gealduirn co n-eaccor fiondruine foraibh, TBC-LL¹ 5481 (St.). cir...con n-ecor di or, IT i 119.13 . Anecd. i 61.4 . etach...cona egar do legaib logmairib LL 402b19 = TTr.² 495 . ic ecur a airthossaig [na lungi] di chressaib ┐ di chirclaib cruaidiairn, LL 218by = TTr. 135 . tuarccbhadh a bhuinne didin for in daimhliag...iarna láineagar do slindibh..., AFM ii 1022.4 . cathir daingen...arna hecor o thoraib díthoglaigi, LB 159a42 . a chathbarr...go leguib loghmura arna n-egar do lámaibh...sáircherd ind, Fianaig. 86.5 . Attrib. gen. inlaid, ornamented ; wrought: milech óir ecair `a pin of wrought gold' MU 28.7 = LL 266a2 . cathbairr coem-egair, TTebe 1529 . fledhól a cornaib ilbreca ecoir, YBL 329b30 . fithchioll eagair ML 50.5 . do fromh deabhaidh an dreagain | tor eagair slemhain Sligicch, B IV 2, 66b = Ir. Monthly 1924, 589 . ráith an eagair núidhe, TD 11.35 .

III In Laws (usually as vn. of in-cuirethar) a putting in , esp. of putting or bringing into a territory the symbols of taking possession, making entry (see Laws iv 8 ff. ): eccur ┐ innred Aird Machae, AU 793.4 . ni sai for fine nach ecur n-inndligtech `no unlawful putting-in (of stock) is fastened upon the tribe' Laws ii 306.1 (see ZCP xiv 379 § 43 ). tuinede la fer n-ecoir (this is a case of) permanent possession for the man who puts in (the requisite stock) (i.e. the man making entry) ZCP xv 346 § 37 . ni dlig flaith saer-raith...corr-ecor selba the chief who gives free stock has no claim to anything over what is requisite for making entry (?) Laws ii 202 x . Cf. ZCP xv 246 - 247 . Applied to the putting in to the pound of distrained cattle; the relation between the moment of actual impounding and the arrival of relief being of legal importance, three cases are distinguished: rianeacur, where the impounding is made only shortly before [after (?)] the intervention to stay it; ecor, where impounding and such intervention are simultaneous ;and iarnecor, where the cattle have been taken to the plaintiff's house before the intervention, Laws ii 110 - 112 Comm. Hence, loosely, of the pound itself, the `appointed place' : iar n-a breith cu ruice in eacur .i. cu ruice in inud urdalta amach, 112.23 Comm.

Cf. eacur colla fiach adgairtur di colla athgabail....i. ecur colla na hathgabala a colaibh na fiach acurtur and, Laws ii 98.5 , where transl. takes eacur as imperat. pass. of the verb (in-cuirethar), perhaps rightly.

eter, etir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eter, etir or dil.ie/20789

Forms: eter, etir, etar, eada, itar, hitar, idir, etrom, etrum, adrumsa, etrut, etrutsa, adru, adrud, adrad, eadra, etir, etronn, etrunn, étrunn, eadrainn, eadroinn, atruinn, etrunni, etruinde, eadruinn, etruib, etruibsi, eadruibh, eadraibh, atraib, etarru, ettarru, etarro, etorro, eturra, atarru, eatorra, etarruib, etoroi

prep. with acc. Lenites in Mid. Ir. Forms: eter, Wb. 10b21 . 12b12 . 13c26 . 14b10 . 15a29 . 21b15 . 26d5 . 27c15 ; 36 . 28d27 . LU 11a36 ; 41 . Rawl. 48bz . 25b37 . 71a19 . etir, Wb. 28d25 ; 31 . Ml. 18d24 . 19d2 ; 20 . 25d1 . 34d20 . 35a19 . 37d10 . 38b1 . 38d13 . 39a7 . 39c12 . 47c18 . 53d12 . 56b33 . 58a11 . 69a18 . 76c5 . 92a13 . 97a7 . 102a7 . 103b15 ; 16 . 103d14 . 114b17 122d7 . 136c1 ; 3 ; 4 . 137c8 . 140a2 . Sg. 72a2 . LU 3a11 . LL 220b42 . 230a11 . Rawl. 49b37 . etar, Sg. 212a11 . eada, Mon. Tall. § 30 . itar, Sg. 203a16 . hitar 203b9 . 212a15 . idir, BB 289a24 . YBL 401a26 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. etrom, Sg. 217b11 . etrum, Hy vii 48 . adrumsa, BCC § 179 . 2 s. etrut, TBC-LL¹ 884 . etrutsa, LB 174a43 . adru, Ériu iii 164.26 . adrud 164.25 . adrad, IGT, Decl. ex. 2060 . eadra, Matthew xviii 15 . 3 s. etir, Wb. 28b3 . LU 44a28 . 1 pl. etronn Wb. 15a32 . Rawl. 65a21 . etrunn, Wb. 31a11 . étrunn Ml. 38c28 . eadrainn, YBL 401b2 . eadroinn, TD 15.1 . atruinn, IT iii 242.242 . With emph. suff.: etrunni, Wb. 12b12 . etruinde, YBL 276c10 . eadruinn, Acts xv 9 . 2 pl. etruib, Wb. 24c22 . 27b18 ; 21 . LU 107b42 . LL 260a39 . etruibsi, LB 223bx . eadruibh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1041 . eadraibh, TD 2.47 . Matthew xvi 8 . atraib, CCath. 1669 . 3 pl. etarru, Wb. 7d10 . Sg. 163b6 . 200b7 . 209b33 . 217b9 . Ml. 72c9 . 78b11 . 112a8 . 119d10 . LU 6b9 . LL 402b27 . ettarru, Wb. 33b18 . etarro, Sg. 150b6 . 151b5 . LU 27b24 . 30a17 . etorro, LU 43b33 . eturra, LB 223b52 . atarru, 236b6 . eatorra, TBC-LL¹ 2214 . TD 9.13 . Matthew xv 7 . etarruib, IT i 76.18 v.l. etoroi, Hib. Min. 17.291 .

I Between (two individuals or groups)

(a) of spatial, also of personal, moral and reciprocal relations. For convenience of reference the exx. in this subsection are classified as follows: (a) the objects of the prep. are denoted respectively by the suff. or independent pron. and a subst.; (b) the objj. are denoted by suff. pron.; (c) each of the objj. is a subst. (sg. or pl.) or each is a pron.; (d) the objj. are denoted by a dual subst.; (e) a pl. or collect. subst.

(a) ni fil fiál etronn et Crist, Wb. 15a32 . Corm. Y 989 . etir fessin et doíni (gl. mediator Dei et hominum) Wb. 28b3 . robbet etrom ocus phein, Hy v 96 . daratailc itir ┐ a brat TBC-I¹ 1278 . sliab Ḟ. etrut ┐ Emain, TBC-LL¹ 884 . ná léig edrom as mfeithiomh, LB 200.21 . ná leig beind...adrad ┐ Eire, IGT, Decl. ex. 2060 . cindus edrud ┐ an Cristaidhi? how goes it between thee and the Christian? ZCP vi 287.4 . lig edruinde ┐ cāch leave us to settle with everybody 36.2 . ná léig eadrainn is aoinneach do not leave me to contend alone with any TD 30.4 (see léicid). ro suid eidir e ┐ rig Ulad, MR 66.8 . tarla imresain iter se ┐ mac rechtaire na T., BCC § 168 . do bi fairce itir se ┐ an t-inadh sin § 271 . The pl. pron. is often used idiomatically, including by anticipation the second obj. with the first: dorigne Ioib leathsmacht mor etarru ┐ Mercuir between him and M. BB 4a20 . releic comdílsi etarru ┐ in snechta between him and the snow Moling 7.67 . tuc [an ingen] a láimh etorra ┐ a léinid, Acall. 3710 (`between herself and her smock' SG ii 198.5 ). ro suid eturru ┐ rig Ulad between him and the king FDG 583 ( = eidir e ocus r., MR 66.8 ). atorchair eturra ┐ Coin C. he and C. fought Ériu i 124.18 . iii 166.37 . contudchaidside etarru ┐ cranna `came between her and [her] spearshafts' iv 22.20 . tic M. do saigid a brathar ┐ doroinde sith celgi etarro ┐ a clann between him and her children RC xxiv 178.12 . cein robúi A. a nirt comoralta epistle etorru ┐ D., Alex. 802 = Anecd. v 1.6 . In O. Ir. the subst. immediately following the conjunction is regularly nom. Only when the article precedes is it acc. ( etarru ┐ ingréin, Ml. 112a8 ). See KZ liii 83 ff .; In: is e comartha robui etarru si ┐ Coin C., Ériu, ii 22.19 , the scribe may have considered si ┐ C. as explanatory of the pron. (b) ber brith étrunn (inter me et inimicos meos) Ml. 38c28 . dorigénsat dechor etarru, Wb. 7d10 . Hib. Min. 8.276 . roboí commant n-etarru du denum uilc, Ml. 78b11 . is cían etarru 119d10 . ni cian etruib, TBC-LL¹ 1652 . cuing airgit etarru (of two birds) CCC 2 LU. is bec duit etorro they are much the same (in relation) to you 7 LU. atá Slíab F. etruib (i.e. between thee and Emain, but this may belong to the idiomatic use noted below) LU 4866 . nothogfaindse etruib far ndís between you both IT i 72.18 . ar in ccompantas fil edrainn, TBC-LL¹ 2220 . nocho betis beóil bána | etraind is airm ilága there would not be white lips and weapons between us 4105 . ní maith etraib re haitrib aeninaid `you do not find it easy to live together' Ériu viii 4.27 . gan aoinneach ann eatorra, TD 9.12 ; 35 . bágh na healadhna eadruinn, 23.5 . fearr...iná' lot eadroibh than that it should be destroyed (in the contest) between you 2.43 . suil bheas aimhréidh eatarra lest there be disagreement between them 24.3 . Cf. runn dergōir itir suidiu between these latter (two) IT i 137.15 ( CCC 2 Eg.). With ellipse of second obj.: cisalpina... .i. in Gallia cenalpande. cen Alpai ṅ-etarru, Sg. 217b9 . (cis Rhenum) .i. cen Rian ṅ-etrom 217b10 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert so, Hy vii 48 . ní gar dogebhthar an ingin...fuil muir ┐ tír adrud sea and land are between thee (and her) Ériu iii 164.25 . ata fairgi mor adrut, ib. 26 . With a slightly different construction: consáiter etrunni mad tú between me and thee IT iii 244.1 (see KZ xlviii 52 ). See also end of c below. (c) in maceries roboí eter Dia et duine...et roboí eter corpu et anmana, Wb. 21b15 . dechur fil eter lanamnas et ógi 10b21 . dechur itir doíni ┐ idlu, Ml. 138c1 . triasin imresain fil etrum ┐ tu, MacCarthy 70.6 . rocroth M. a brat eter Coin C. ┐ Faind, IT i 227.1 ( = LU 50b ). cathir fil etir Ninues ┐ Thala, LU 1b25 . co torchair eter Ailill ┐ Medb, FB 61 . facbail obele itir bu ┐ laega, Laws i 232.5 . tainic itir in ingin ┐ a hédach, RC vi 175.6 . tiocfa an lán eadruibh is é, IGT, Decl. ex. 1041 . ná leig eadrainn agus inn protect me from myself Dán Dé xxii 17 . na hoiléinsi thoir | atá idir Ḟódla is Alboin, TD 24.6 . imthigh agus spreag é eadrad féin agus é féin amháin tell him his fault between thee and him alone Matthew xviii 15 . éidirdhealughadh eadruinne ┐ iad, Acts xv 9 . naoi n-iomaire eatorra agus é, Keat. ii 5202 . Of disputes, etc. cumusc...etir cenel nEogain ┐ Ultu, AU 892 . scanner etir ḟiru M. ┐ Airghiallu, 1050 . rofhás...cosnam eter na Gregaib ┐ na Latintu, PH 322 . RC xviii 167.23 . BB 12a4 . cath eter Tuathaib D. ┐ Fomoraib, 11b38 = MacCarthy 292 . a fil eter findruini ocus dergór as gold exceeds findruine FB 58 . a mbí idir ór is umha, TD 7.21 . idir mhéid meanma is mhíne | bhios aicill na hairdrighe 20.4 . The subst. may be represented by a vn. phrase: idir bheith ard is ísioll | do-chuaidh (i.e. he took a mean course) TD 20.38 . With omission of second obj. before the dependent gen. which distinguishes it from the first: dechur etir deacht maic ┐ athar, Ml. 24d25 . dorronad síid eter muntir nime et talman, Wb. 26d5 . do denamh sithe itir feruib Erend ┐ Alban, BCC § 318 . With idiomatic ellipse of second obj.: romboí fial amirisse eter a cride between their hearts and him Wb. 15a29 (see also end of b above). (d) atá coitchennas itar indi brethir so, Sg. 203a16 . in criss tessaigthe... | eter na da mesraigthe, SR 160 . súil cháirech eter da rethi, IT i 82.1 . crandcaingil eter cach da claiss FA 13 LU. rond argit eter cach dá en, CCC 2 LU. ro crochad Crist eter na dá latrand, PH 1209 . an sruth... idir in dá sluagh, BCC § 174 . co ruc itir a dha laimh air 309 . ass eter dā thēcht `milk of medium thickness' MacCongl. 101.9 . (e) C. ro crochad eter na latrandu, PH 2257 . cid atá etir na clarlestraib, LU 3a11 . urba itir fēraib, Laws i 232.6 . filleadh bruit edir dheimhis, IGT, Decl. ex. 1374 . Cf. an t-eidirdhealughadh ata idir pheannaide gach droinge, Rule of Tallaght § 52 .

(b) of intervals of time: atá etarro immedon, Sg. 151b5 . dos ánic dunebad eter da domnach, LU 15b26 . it cóic deich lathe airmither eter cháisc...┐ sollamain in cengcaigis, PH 5415 . robatar indsin etir da thráth din ló, LL 122b8 = RC iii 184 . eadar dí nodlaic, Mon. Tall. § 30 . canith M. etir cach [da] salm ...`sancte M.' § 8 . etir theirt ┐ medhoin laei, AU 916 . ca med lā | idir m'ēg san tē thesdā between my death and his who has gone YBL 401a26 .

II Among (the members of a group) with pl. or collect.: óentad etruib immanetar, Wb. 27b21 . amal file óentid eter baullu coirp duini, 12b12 . a ndorogbid etruib, 27b18 . cinirbo etruib robammarni, 24c22 . etir tuaith among lay- folk 28d25 . etir na trogai (gl. inter aerumnas) Ml. 38d13 . eter tonna [t(h)onnaib v.l.] trethain, Fél. Nov. 23 . atá imfrecrae etir inna cethri fersu, Ml. 58a11 . hua[n] chomchétbaid són roboí etir inna cenéla du ulc frit, 103d14 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta etir in n-aís dutiagat inna reir 103b16 . eter libru (.i. ...eter lebraib), LU 11a36 (ACC). eter scolaib, 11a41 . dot fastad eiter tuaid ;...nit bera-sam eiter tuaid to detain thee among the laity. He shall not carry thee off among the laity Mon. Tall. § 66 . in tan doberthar in cauradmir etruib, FB 59 . dá charpat rempe ┐ da charpat na diaid ┐ da charpat cechtar a da tǽb ┐ carpat eturru ar medon, TBC-LL¹ 696 . luid...etorru ar medón went into the midst of them 900 . tarrustar [Ísu] eturra [sic leg.] ar medón, PH 6673.6823 , etc. fáid eter fháidib... apstal eter apstalu, 879 . atbertsat etarru buden, LB 2a46 (= PH 118 ). ba hed atberdis-sen atarru fessin, 236b6 . co tucam aichne fair iter [itir?] cách that we may recognise him among all others 175b28 = PH 1965 . dorat imcossaít eter na mná, FB 21 . dodeochatar na noib so... i n-ógbrathirsi etir na cenela, ZCP viii 315.19 . a mbith i scrin eturru that they might have them in a shrine (a saint's relics) BColm. 96.7 . do tocbatar a muindtir fen an duine ...etorra ass in luing, BCC § 259 . bai imchosnum...eter a coic macaib, RC xxiv 176.7 . robad astrach...eter sídaib would journey among fairy-mounds IT i 215.22 . eatorra do hoileadh mé, TD 3.47 . eidir ṡaorchlannaibh ṡíol N. | do bhínn, 28.21 . ré bliadhna...dúinn...idir ḟiadhaibh Éirionn `in the wilds' 15.10 . rorand in doman a tri eter a triur mac, BB 11a19 (= MacCarthy 286 ). do randad Eriu eter na coigeadhachaib BB 13a5 = MacCarthy 304.1 . itir gach ní da raibhe scribtha and, adubhairt se..., BCC § 243 § 216 . With rel. part. before verb: ond áes tuaithe eterarrobæ, Wb. 28b32 .

III Followed by two or more objj. connected by ocus (or is) both...(and), including...(and) (cf. trian dib fria clais, trian fria croit, trian etir clais ┐ croit, Hib. Min. 9.280 ): with a s.: etir maith et saich both good and bad Wb. 8c20 . eter ógi et lanamnas, 9d26 . cense fri cách eter carit et escarit, 30b27 . eter soír et doír, eter mug et coimdid, 27c15 . cech rét...etir glan ┐ anglan, Ml. 69a18 . ɔdib innon in fogor hitar hothad ┐ hilar, Sg. 203b9 . a n-étguda eter chorcair ┐ gorm ┐ dub..., buide 7 brecc, etc. TBC-LL¹ 66 . a tairbirt uili...eter mnaí is fer, SR 5648 . lucht na cathrach etir ṡen ┐ óc, LL 230a7 (= TTr. 944 ). PH 186 . no churfed in Troe fó gin gai...etir ḟer ┐ mnaí mac ┐ ingin, LL 229b38 (= TTr. 928 ). Studies 1920, 566 . slán eter chorp ┐ anmain, PH 419 . na cressa...eter úacht ocus tess, FA 26 . rofegsatar in tír | etir min ocus anmín SR 4670 . roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain, etir cháimi ┐ chumtachtæ, FB 1 . oc iarraid mna do dinguala etir cruth ┐ deilb ┐ ecuscc, IT i 119.1 . Ériu i 218.15 . ro sirsit hErinn ule itir thes ┐ túaid, IT i 119.6 . rodalaitseom etir anair ┐ aniar, 99.7 . Content. xxviii 8 . dolluid [in sindach] fon caillid ┐ sloig Laigen eter chois ┐ ech ┐ choin inna degaid, IT i 46.27 = LB 65b55 . as tú an beó... | do-ní idir eó ┐ énlaith, IGT, Decl. ex. 651 . idir éasga is ghaoith is ghréin | ...ag diall ruibh, TD 21.43 . co ro lládh a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh, RC xvii 355 . ag breith breithe eter beth a tocht ┐ ag labhra, BNnÉ 123.11 (in: a thindscra...itir ingen ┐ decelt, etc. YBL 32a25 = TBC-I¹ 1635 , ingen may be a scribal slip). Cf. tinne da mer do miter itir a tiug ┐ a tana, da dorn itir ┐ a tiug, a do itir ┐ a tana, da mer itir ┐ eipe a droma, ocht nduirn a fot ┐ ceithri duirn a leithit, Laws ii 246.3 , where: itir ┐ a tiug, itir ┐ a tana, lit. between it and its fat (lean), may mean including its fat (lean). tinne tri mer itir a tiug ┐ a tana, 248.10 . Cf. however ZCP xiv 352 . With a p.: etar fileda ┐ aís ndénma sairse chenæ, Sg. 212a11 . trian in tsluaig... | eter angle is archangle, SR 1838 . airnisi in gobann huili etir bulgu ┐ urdu ┐ indeoin, ZCP viii 304.36 . dia mbetís eter biu ┐ marbu Ulaid i n-oenbali the U. both living and dead LL 109b3 . marbad in tslóig archena etir maccu ┐ ingena, senóre ┐ sentuinne, 230a 11 = TTr. 947 With d p.: eidir themploibh ┐ mhainistrechoip ...tri tempaill is dá fichit, Fl. Earls 98.12 . With a p. and a s.: eter mo chuimregasa et líin dia pridchimm, Wb. 27c36 . Cf. oc imarbaig eter a feraib ocus siat fesni, FB 29 , where the construction is loose (see ZCP iii 418 ).

IV In: etir in n-inilligud (gl. intra tutum) Ml. 47c18 , the prep. is used = Lat. intra `within'; but this is an isolated case and prob. due to confusion betw. intra and inter on part of glossator.

fostad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fostad or dil.ie/24123
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fostadh, fastadh, fostúd, fostada

n u, m. a development of fastód < astud (ad-suid-), perh. influenced by 1 fosta; variant of fastód q.v. Cf. ostud LU 9614 ( ZCP iii 208 ). fostadh fastadh, IGT III 80 .

(a) holding back, detaining, keeping (in a place): dot fastad eiter tuaid to detain thee among the laity Mon. Tall. § 66 (= astad, Ériu ii 222 ). atá cómarli lim. ol M. fastud in trir churad út ocaind innocht, LU 8829 ( FB 62 ). ni ro ḟétsat mfastud sa occo issind aer, LL 273bz . inda gabail nó inda fostud isna hordaib `in receiving them or in confirming them in orders' Mon. Tall. § 4 (= da ccongmhail, Rule of Tallaght § 35 ). d'ḟosdadh na bhfileadh to retain Content. xxviii 8 . fan leic níor bh' fhéidir th'fhosdadh they could not keep Thee 'neath the tomb Dán Dé xxviii 30 . cin caemactain fastuda `without the power of restraining him' Laws iii 136y . doroine C. in rann la fostud Mochuta (= while he restrained M) ZCP iii 33z . chuires na heich ... tar a n-ais d'fosdadh an tuarasdail d'ais nó d'éigen, Caithr. Thoirdh. 3.18 : `compel acceptance of the stipend,' `to retain the subsidy', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 179 , of two kings each of whom is attempting to bind the other's allegiance by gifts, to make him his vassal. ig fastadh na grēne fri dib laithib i nDarbri BB 266a17 ( ZCP xiv 155 ). beg slóig dosiac[h]t ... as gan ḟosdagh cas (v.l. cos) do thuill a thuarasdol (i.e. without being killed ? But perh. the literal sense is meant; the next line suggests a ref. to the sense `hire'), Ériu iv 226 . Esp. of checking or obstructing an enemy: ic fostud ┐ oc imḟuiriuch int ṡlúaig, TBC-LL¹ 470 , ac fostod etc. 4645 = fostúd, 2899 ( trēnastud, 3195 ). ro gab 'ca fostud ┐ ca n-imfuireach, CCath. 2646 . Of restraining a demoralized army: cur mebaid ar guth in Ardrig oca f.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1236 § 8 . d'fastudh [-udh ?] na luinge, CCath. 2084 . ba múr ... dar cend Cesair ic f.¤ Poimp, 3641 (= stat ... pro Caesare murus, Pompeiumque tenet Luc. Phars. vi 201 ). cor chuindigh ni di d'ḟastadh a nErinn `asked for some of it to keep in Ireland' RC xviii 43w . In middle sense: ba lind garg cen glanfostud `without bright tranquillity' Metr. Dinds. iii 460 . conach rainic acu gan f.¤ don abainn acht mad a treoin (= only their strong men could cross without being stopped by the river) Celt. Rev. iv 206.29 . gan fostadh re haon without hindering anyone Keat. Poems 1416 . g s. fosta lat éssi fostada th'echraidi, LL 110a20 ( RC xiv 418 ). Ath in ḟostada ... Ath fostada Féinde Find where F.'s fianna were stayed Acall. 4980 . éicni fastuda, TBC-LL¹ 5837 .

(b) fixing, establishing: ar fostogh ar cadaigh ┐ ar caradraig, ZCP x 301x . Cf. im thráth nóna ... is and fastud na flede `Feststellung' TFerbe 808 (= costad, IT iii 549.15 , see note ib. p. 546 ).

(c) retaining (in service), engaging, hiring (of soldiers) = fastód: fear na bhféineadh d' ḟosdadh | S. ar dtús thug tuarasdal engager of mercenaries Content. xviii 105 . amhsa mhór ... do ḟosdadh la S. `took many mercenaries into his service' AFM v 1678.4 . daoine uaisle ... go ccéd do saighdiuiribh amaille friú do beith ar fosttadh ag Ua C. `were hired by' vi 2136 . triallaid ... go Connachtaibh ... mar a bḟuaradar fáilte ┐ fostadh where they were welcomed and taken into service IT ii2 149 = fastódh, Keat. ii 3008 .

Transf. of the stipend: do dhén `fastód bliadna rit. ca mhét th' asto ? ar in rí. proinn ceta dhamh cach n-aidhche ..., LB 278a68 .

(d) concrete a stay, support: sduaga ┐ fostada piers (of a bridge) Marco P. 100 . fostadha ... na cath-craisech ` shafts ' MR 254.19 . as amlaid ata mo rightech … a taebhain ┐ a fhosdadha ┐ a chupladha, do crannaibh ceitim iad, prop, buttress Celtica ii 125.174 (Letter of Prester John) .

(e) Med.: labrum anois d'fostad brond na mban, Irish Texts v 16.29 . constipation : da mbía fostog air, Rosa Angl. 84.13 = si fuerit constipatus.

See fastód.

fostaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fostaid or dil.ie/24125

Forms: fastaid, fastód, fostaid, fostaid, fastaid, fastoid, astaid, fastand, -astand, fostá, fastō, -fostba, nom-fostfa-sa, ro-fost, fast, dn-ast, rofasta, ro fasto, ro fosdadh, -aidh, rofastad, fosta, fastaitir, rofastad, fastódh, hadódh, fostad, fastod

v ā The older form seems to be fastaid (astaid < ad-suid- by metathesis), probably associated with root sō- `turn,' whence the long vowel ō (ā, ū) occasionally found in second syll. and in vn. fastód; the form fostaid may be due to association with fossad, fossta, etc., cf. also costud, which is apparently vn. of con-suidi. pres. 3 s. fostaid LL 67b8 ; fastaid, ib. 9 . fastoid, LU 2109 ( FA 17 = astaid LB); nos fastand , LU 2114 ( FA 18 = -astand LB). ipv. 2 s. fostá, LL 101a42 . subj. pres. 2 s. dia fastō , BB 456b22 ( Aen. 702 ). fut. 3 s. -fostba, LU 5871 ( TBC-I¹ 1403 ). nom-fostfa-sa RC xiv 38 § 35 . pret. 3 s. ro-fost, LU 350 . nas fast , LL 203b34 . ro dn-ast , TTr.² 1143 . rofasta (v.l. ro fasto ro fosdadh, -aidh), Metr. Dinds. iii 44.68 (if not intended for rofastad but cf. the forms cited in VSR 712 ff ) diar fosta , ZCP iii 24.16 ( Rawl. 80b36 ). Pass. pres. pl. fastaitir, FB 62 . perf. sg. rofastad, TTr.² 1143 . do fastódh , Keat. iii 2618 (for form cf. do hadódh , IGT III ex. 529 ). For vn. see fostad and fastod.

(a) stops, detains, retains: ra ḟost F. ace é ic irnaide TBC-LL¹ 6134 . co ro fost Colum Cille ... na filedu, LU 350 . gur rofhost C. ... seacht mbliadhna iad, Keat. iii 1258 (cf. (b) below). ni fosdadh aon fhocal he never retained (remembered) a word BNnÉ 178.10 . is ann fastaitís in ngréin | co cend noí mís, Metr. Dinds. iii 36 . no fostatis an firm[i]mint da rit[h], CCath. 3919 . fostaid ocht n-eono dib brings to a standstill TBC-LL¹ 1335 = ( co mbí ..., LU 5175 , where it is clearly shown that the birds were taken alive). is fuigli ... filed fostas ┐ imfuirges iat gan bar n-innsaigid that restrain ... them from attacking you YBL 306b9 ( MR 194 ). ríg ┐ naím Hérend ... iat rothennḟastsat cach cath who strictly checked Metr. Dinds. iii 12 . tōraigechd ... dar fostad mōrān don creich `was recovered' Ann. Conn. 1340 § 4 .

Cf. do fastódh i dTeamhraigh é (viz. Feidhlimidh mac Criomhthainn), Keat. iii 2618 (the corresp. account Ann. Inisf. 840 (14e) has: a chostud i Temraich; AU has conid-deisidh ).

(b) retains (in service), engages (In this sense possibly influenced by ON festa. Cf. O'Donovan's remarks U.J.A. vi 60 ): ros fost (sic MS) fri ré theora mios, Hugh Roe 96.5 (f. 25b) . rosfostsat [sic MS.] ina n-oentaid kept him with them The Ó Clēirigh Family, P. Walsh (1938) 30 (= Hy Fiach. 76 ). ag so mar ḟostus O Neill buannadha `this is the ... manner of O'Neyle his interteyning of Bwonaghs' O'Neill's proclamation 1601 ( Gilbert Facs. Vol. iv i pl. xxx ; U.J.A. vi 1858, 60 ). don druing úd [do fostad] `they that were hired,' Matthew xx 9 . ? ní báoi comas biadhta léo an aghaidh sin, go ro fhosd Ciaran fria sásadh doibh `C. remained to satisfy them' BNnÉ 108.12 . The Lat. ( V. SS. Hib. i 125 ) has nothing to correspond.

(c) keeps, holds to, observes (?): tiomna Néill nachar fosdadh `N.'s testament was not observed' (`was no hindrance ?' note) Content. v 148 .

(d) intrans. remains stationary, stays (?): diar fosta grian, ZCP iii 24.16 ( Rawl. 80b36 ).

légaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. légaid or dil.ie/29740

Forms: léigenn, légad

v ā (Lat. legere, GOI 573 ). Also léigid, ibid., 686 n. 203 .

I Trans.

(a) reads, studies : ara tuicce arro legais, Wb. 28d7 . ni hed in sin ro légsid in euangelio, 7b23 . ro legsat canóin fetarlaici . . . amal ru-nda-legsam-ni, Ml. 24d24 . inní nad roilgisid si gl. etiam non legistis, 17b18 . ní roilgius `I have not read', Sg. 148a10 . lēgais canōin la German `he studied', Hy. ii 12 ( Thes. ii 312 ). légais rúne rochúaid eter scolaib screptra .i. ro leg rúne, LU 829 - 30 (ACC). fir leighes suiscel .i. in tsai canone no an fer leiginn, O'Curry 2492 ( Eg. 88, 40a ). lē[i]r ra lēg cen luithe lochtai / suithe sechta, ACL iii 303 § 8 . cit súid nod-légat, Fél. Ep. 81 (of the Félire). don Choimdi[d] nī comharba / nech nā lēga a recht, ACL iii 313 § 14 . firithir lebor légthair, LL 6192 (see O'Brien, Celtica iii 174 ). legais suithe filidechta laiss, LL 13615 . is tol lind . . . coro legthar . . . he (sc. in libar ro scrib A.), PH 24 . gidh liter nír léghasdair, IGT Decl. ex. 1399. ní aithrisim scéal, ní léighim cruadh-nod, Keat. Poems 1423. Fig. léighfidh sé aigneadh gach aoin, Aithd. D. 58.23 . Dīa fēin romfēgustar, / as lēir romlēgustar, ZCP viii 214 § 70 .

With cogn. accus.: ni legend ro llegusa la Petor, Wb. 19a6 .

(b) reads aloud, recites : cech mallacht ro scribad ┐ ro legad, KZ xxxi 254 . legh a Uríel na litri sea. Ro raidh Uíríel Adham, BB 16a26 . samhail a ḟlatha léigh dhamh, Content. xv 48 . mar do léigh do láthair Iosias Ríogh é (sc. leabhar an reachta), TSh. 7319.

(c) reads of: du i failet na teora soillse ata dech legthair .i. soilse ind Righ . . . , Ériu ii 144 § 161 . an galar-so léaghmuir shúas, Párl. na mB. 1291 .

II Without expressed obj.: affamenad som . . . no légad a macc . . . robu anfiss dosom in ro lég fa nacc . . . ┐ afamenad ra ḟesed in ro leg, Sg. 148a6 . acht ni imathormaig cubus ┐ aicned . . . glossed: cubus .i. na cresen .i. in luchta legas; ┐ aicned .i. na fer firen .i. in luchta na legand, Laws i 144.28 , 29 Comm . (`cf. the legit ut clericus of English law. This is also the test for distinguishing báeth and gáeth: baoith .i. na leighes, ┐ gaoith .i. leighis, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88, fo. 21 )', Plummer, MS. notes). seacht ngraid eacalsa, liachtreoir .i. leghthoir iarsani legas, Laws v 22.5 Comm . légais fer díb . . . saer alaile i.e. one was a cleric, Trip. i 200.4 (`a leech'). a macca lēginn lēgaid, O'Mulc. 688 . ní maith ciall neich nat léga, IT iii 50.6 . lámh thréan . . . / do léagh ar sgoil Sgathuighe who studied, Aithd. D. 16.48 . ar chloinn Ír do léaghadh leam `of Ir's race I have read', Content. xxx 10 . léightar ar an ainmhídhe dá ngoirthior talpa, Párl. na mB. 3138 .

Vn. léigenn, also légad.

lethan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lethan or dil.ie/30046
Last Revised: 2019

adj o, ā bean leathan, IGT Decl. § 137 . na mná leithni, Abstr. Nouns 255.13 .

I

(a) broad, wide; wide-spread : fo thonnaib lir lethain, Fél. Nov. 23 . súid . . . / ata lethna lindi, Ep. 82. ro milled in gentlecht / cíarbo lígdae l.¤ wide-spread, Prol. 214. fuar inocht Mag lethon Luirc, RC xi 130.22 . fairend diarbo chumu[n]c ar thús ┐ díarbo l.¤ fo deóid . . . in sét, LU 2160 ( FA 23 ). lecca lethna tentide, LU 2234 ( FA 30 ). muir l.¤ , Otia ii 82 § 5 . berrtha lethna leo, TBC-LL¹ 181 . Ruide mac Luigdech lethain `broad-built', Metr. Dinds. iv 368.23 . do thraigthe luchra lethna, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 439 § 5 . co laighnibh lethna, Cóir Anm. 174 . tri fasaib leathna lanmora na Lombuirde, ZCP vi 35.22 . sirtha lethna wide-ranging, Comp. CC 80.7 . longp[h]ort lethan, ML² 1060. linnti lethna, 1231 . is l.¤ ┐ is fairsiung in sét, PH 4000 . for méis lethain, 902 . is comartha ar laidirecht an eich mong l.¤ ┐ druim gerr, Celtica ii 44 § 34 . an dara ród, bhíos leathan fairsing, TSh. 9646. In chevilles: l.¤ scél, SR 6215 . l.¤ smacht, 1295 . l.¤ slicht, Airne F. 259. Fig. bad l.¤ for menme et for cride gl. dilatamini, Wb. 16a15 . cid uathad in timna-sa i ḟoclaib . . . is l.¤ hi ceill of wide application, PH 5839. In gramm., conson lethan a velarized consonant : dísbeagadh cáol no leathan, IGT Introd. § 113 . ag oireamhuin don fhocal bhíos roimhe bhíos an barr madh cáol no leathan é, § 149 . gach ainm iollraidh cáol ┐ a thochlughadh lethan, § 158 .

(b) level: tuicter gorab cruinn ataid fein ┐ nach l.¤ `spherical, and not flat', Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.10 . da madh na claraibh lethna do bedis `level planes', 4 .

Equat. (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 142 f .): duillind . . . / lether seiche[d] rodoim, Snedg. u. Mac R § 30 (see Gwynn, Hermathena xx 68 ). leithir damseithi ind oenṡúil, BDD² 516 . oenṡúil . . . leithigthir damṡechi, 406 . leithidir tri artemu, LL 252b40 . leithir leth ndamsheiche cechtar a nda thraig, 23 . lethidir cró dernann, Ériu iv 96 § 14 (= lethi na, LL 4492 ). lethithir fria gach cethrar don droing dhaenna a bhfhir ┐ a mna, Marco P. 187 (lethightir, MS.).

Compar. as letha gl. latiore, Ml. 44c27 . nícon ba letha a scíath, Fianaig. 24.10 (leithe, lethe, lethei, v.ll.). scíath . . . / ba lethiu indá damseche, SR 5772 . iadais indara súil connárbo lethiu indás cró snáthaiti, LU 4881 . poll talman bus lethne inás, TBC St. 4671 = leithe, H, TBC-LL¹ p. 821 n. 2 . leithne . . . ná an fairge, Job xi 9 . Fig. more comprehensive, of wider application : is lethiu enech ríg aidbriud `a king's honour is wider than any claim', Triads 235 (of the difficulty of going security for a king). leithiu firinde fasaigib, O'Curry 1746 ( 23 Q 6, 32 ). do trōcaire . . . as lethi cech muīn, Otia ii 97 § 31 . patronoimic is leithe a fuirmed quam a innde its application is wider (implies more) than its intrinsic meaning, Auraic. 3394.

II As subst. broad part : ar l.¤ Locha Eirne, SG 26.26 . ó filltibh a occsall co llet[h]an a les `to the broad of his thighs', CCath. 5238 . buille . . . a l.¤ an sceith, ZCP x 295.y . na tri lethain do horduiged isin ech .i. l.¤ idir a da suil ┐ idir a da sáil ┐ idir a da máoil, Celtica ii 56 § 28 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤chlais wide trench : ro claided lethanclais landomain, CCath. 3437 . ¤lott widespread destruction : teidhm leathanloit thiar is toir / bha Thrían gcreachordhruic gConghoil, L. Cl. A. B. 144.151 . ¤los broad end : cuarsciath . . . cona let[h]anloss inncael, CCath. 5316 . ¤muir: is lūath lūi re l., Otia ii 82 § 7 . ¤rosg: 'na lethanrusg, ZCP viii 539.4 . ¤scíath: dá lethanscíath landaṅgni, TBC-LL¹ 3611 . ¤slúasait: da let[h]ansluasait . . . ica fulang `two broad feet', CCath. 4034 . leathan-ucht, Keat. Poems 885.

(b) With nouns. to form adjj. ¤chenn: a llaigen lethanc[h]enn, CCath. 5820 . ¤enech: Longsech leth[an]ainech, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31.

(c) With adjj. forming dvandva compdd. ¤cháem: each ríg Lifi lethanchae[i]m broad and fair, BColm. 90.10 . ¤ḟota: tíre lethanfoda Lochlann, CCath. 153 . ¤gér: na hairm līmtha lethan-gēra, ML² 1723 . ¤glas: laigni . . . lethanglasa, Cog. 158.24 . dubṡlega lethanglasa, BDD² 750 . co Luimneach l. / frismbarca ben, Ériu iv 154.2 . co hAlmain lethanglais Laigen, Acall. 5708 . ¤lebar broad and long : do laighnibh lethanlebraibh, CCath. 1962 . ¤mór: ind Almain lethanmoir Laigen, Acall. 5862 . laighne lethanmhóra, Cóir Anm. 162.

(d) With part. ¤scaílte widely-spread : trí monga liathghlasa . . . leathansgaoilte forra, ML 120.1 .

See also s.vv. bordach, 2 meirlech, 2 muirnech, scíathach, slúaistech.

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