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adrodad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adrodad or dil.ie/554

x see ad-suidi .

ad-suidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-suidi or dil.ie/579
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: atsuidhim, adsudi, a-t-suidi, a-ta-suidi, -asstai, ad-suidet, ad-suiter, ad-dom-suiter, -astaider, ad-suidetar, adsuighidter, -astaiter, asta, -astad, adsode, a-ta-sode, -astae, -asta, -astat, roastar, -astatais, adsuife, -astaibther, adrosoid, atrosoid, adsaidh, adrodad, -asta, roasta, astide, astaithi, astad, fastód, astaid, fastaid, fostaid, astaigid, fostaigid, fastóid, -astád

v (* ad-suid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 637 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atsuidhim, O'Curry 1066 ( H 3.18, 440b ). 2 s. adsudi, Ml. 114c6 . 3 s. a-t-suidi , Sg. 66a20 . a-ta-suidi , 64b3 . -asstai, Ml. 114a19 . 3 pl. ad-suidet, Sg. 4b15 . Pass. sg. ad-suiter. Ml. 68d5 . ad-dom-suiter, Thes. ii 3.33 . -astaider, Sg. 3a4 . Pl. ad-suidetar, ZCP xiii 22.11 . adsuighidter, Laws iv 142.z Comm. 144.2 Comm. -astaiter, i 30.27 . Ipv. 2 s. asta, LU 2983 . 3 s. -astad, Wb. 10d7 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adsode, Wb. 10a9 . a-ta-sode, 10 . -astae, Ml. 55a19 . 3 s. -asta, Ml. 126a6 . 3 pl. -astat, Wb. 29a16 . Pass. sg. with ro: mad roastar , Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -astatais, Laws iii 2.2 . Fut. 3 s. adsuife, CMT² 30 § 29 n. Pass. s. -astaibther, Laws i 192.4 Comm. Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrosoid, Ml. 97d16 . atrosoid, 39a16 . adsaidh, O'Curry 469 ( H 3.18, 246 ). Pass. sg. adrodad, Laws i 52.3 . = atroadh, O'D. 19 ( H 3.17, col. 397 = CIH v 1897.11 , Contract Law 222 ). Pl. -asta, Lism. L. 2514 . roasta, LL 22122 . Part. astide gl. adpensum, Ml. 20a22 . Vbl. of necess. astaithi, Laws v 286.11 Comm. Vn. astad, fastód.

Later as simple vb. astaid, fastaid, fostaid. Also astaigid (fastaigid, fostaigid). Cf. fostaid, fostaigid. Occas. with long vowel in second syll.: fastóid, LU 2109 . -astád, TTr.² 1141 (see under fostaid). IGT Verbs § 64 , § 80, 106 . See also assoith.

(a) stops, holds back, detains, hinders: nach nastad in cretmech `let the believer not detain him', Wb. 10a7 . ci atasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', 10a10 . atrosoid gl. (se mali uicisitudine) suspenderit, Ml. 39a16 . ni astaider ┐ ni timmorcar fri slond nintliuchta gl. quae a nullo affectu mentis proficiscitur, Sg. 3a4 . atomsuide serc Dé, IT iii 51 § 95 . adrodad fri less na túad / isin port co bráth it has been detained for the good of the people, Trip.² 786 . asta dinetan fort cind stop a little while, LU 2983 . timchellaid . . . múr . . . ┐ fastóid (astaid, v.l.) anmand inna pectach, LU 2109 ( FA 17 ). coro asta na heonu cen togairad C. so that the birds were prevented from calling to C., LL 22122 . im amus ceneoil do denam de dus i n-astaibther no tuilithe do radh ris to know whether he will be kept or be regarded as an interloper, Laws i 192.4 Comm. dia mbed da clad íme . . . adsuitear leo `he is restrained by them', iv 158.3 Comm. . . . eoin ┐ énluithe Leithi Mogha do thiachtain cuigi isin crainnsin co n-asta uile acasom, Lism. L. 2514 . o samain co medón erraig ro hast ind imguin ultu, RC vi 188.15 . astaid da n-ag dibh he seizes two deer, v 200 § 12 . mad roastar cach mil díb i mbethu lasin merlech if each of these animals be detained alive, Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Intrans: asdofe (gl. no adsuife) ant ór ina broinn 'the gold will stick in his belly', CMT² 30 § 29 .

(b) Legal fixes, makes permanent or legal, binds, establishes: ni astat nadmann in diupairt bonds do not bind such a fraudulent arrangement, ZCP xiii 22.29 ( Bürgschaft 10 ). cenisnasta naidm na raith adasuidhe dliged law establishes them, 24.1 (§ 39). astud cáich hi coruib bel, ar ro buí in biuth i mbailiuth mani astaitis cuir bél if verbal contracts were not binding, ZCP xvi 176 § 6 ( Laws i 40.24 ). man[i] astat cuir bel . . . cia beth dono cuir bel and adsuidet adi, Laws ii 130.2 Comm. atsuiter cuir bél la Feine amuil ad-rodad Adam ina derbdubairt: at-bath in biuth uile ar aenuball `as Adam was bound by his deception' (i.e. the Fall was considered as a contract whereby Adam exchanged the immortality of man for an apple), ZCP xvi 177 § 13 . fosuid cach aititiu adsuidet folaid, Laws iii 10.8 . cona ndilsi feibh as dech atsaitar (no atsuitar) dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . atait .x. nailche annscuichthecha atsuidet cach ndilsi, O'Curry 416b ( H 3.18, 229a ). ?adsuighe crích cadesin . . . ar id comarda criche insin that defines a `crích', Laws iv 142.24 . With FRI and FOR: it e trénailche in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betha for those are the strong rocks to which the judgements of the world are bound fast (i.e. which support the law), ZCP xvi 175 § 1 ( Laws i 30.27 ). nī nī nach breth berar . . . nad fri hapstal n-uasal n-astaigther (nascaider v.l.) i.e. no judgement is effective unless a holy apostle guarantees it(?), Corm. Y 1224 ( Anecd. iv 106.19 ). adsuidetar tra frisna [na]dmann so ┐ ni diuprat, is de ata adsuidet naidmann ┐ ni diuprat they are held binding (as valid) by these `naidms' but the latter do not guarantee fraud; therefore it is said `naidms' bind but do not cheat, ZCP xiii 22.11 ( Bürgschaft 9 § 25 ). is misech maine astaithur fri som(m)uine n-aircendcha he is entitled to do this when he is not bound by dues already given, ZCP xv 248 § 6 ( Laws ii 210.15 ). Cf. also: at-chíu a chlaideb . . . ina intiuch . . . conid fri crúaid n-aurrdric n-aister, BDD² 1037 . ni asta rudrad rugnassa . . . manab for ailchib udhpart astaiter, O'Curry 2471 (Eg. 88, 38a2). nach breath nad astaiter fors nach aei (i.e. on `fír' and `dliged'), Laws v 10.4 . Note also: atasuidi for sobus íar córus fine `he holds them (viz. the aforesaid dependents) fast to good conduct (i.e. he must see that they fulfil their legal duties)', Críth G. 341 and note. adsuide fis .i. dia festar for nech olc do denamh adsuidhe fiacha(ib) fair it makes him liable to fines, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18, p. 251 ). cia met i n-astaither cach dib `to what extent each of them is confirmed in his rights', Laws iv 344.8 . Note also: mani astat in da recht peccad foir unless the two laws convict him of sin, Wb. 29a16 . With IN-: atsuidi neutur isnaib anmannaib in es a n-accomol fri neutur i n-immognom `their connexion with a neuter in construction establishes the neuter in the nouns in -es', Sg. 66a20 .

adsuigidter

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adsuigidter or dil.ie/580

x see ad-suidi .

airigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airigidir or dil.ie/2105

v (1 aire) perceives, notices: hore adib foirbthi-si nicon airigur-sa na imned, Wb. 16a28 . doménar-sa ba marb peccad hore nán rairigsiur, Wb. 3c26 . amal nad nairigther ┐ nad fintar a ndugnither hi suidi , Ml. 30a3 . ni airechdais saeth na pein ind iffirn, Ériu ii 142 § 154 . ní airigetar sam ón they do not observe this, Mon. Tall. 152.28 . roairgsetar som caomclód a mblatha `they noticed the change in their colour', 147.12 . tri focail for braich . . . mana airigt[h]er fair isin treide seo if no fault is found in it, ZCP xiv 348.14 (cf. ni raithighter fair, Laws ii 242.29 Comm. ) nocha nairithar an gnim sin do denam dó, O'Curry 2491 (Eg. 88, 40 (41)a). mana ro hairige in galur bunaidh i n-aimsir in cunnartha, O'D. 805 ( H 3.17, 576 ). airichthi P. P. notices him, Trip.² 1836 . arigit side iarom ┐ do thíagat a ndochum, LU 5116 (TBC). ni airigestár in corthe már baí ina ḟarrad, 5749 (TBC). arná ro airiget teched dun, 1872 . rosairich ri Temra . . . cach a nderna, ZCP viii 268 § 38 . ro airig-sim brōn forro `he noticed that they were sad', BColm. 84.30 . fear an uabhair ní airigh / go mbí an t-éag dá ionsaighidh, Dán Dé xvii 13 . nar airithetar ar a fritholamh . . . a beith da nesbaidh, L. Chl. S. § 27 . With initial f: on cetuair rofairig imluad . . . in cogaidh moir, CCath. 1169 . Note also: ni roairigset na sruithi ind iarmeirghi in adaig-sin `the elders did not observe the nocturn that night', Lism. L. 4198 . Vn. airiugad.

airisem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airisem or dil.ie/2134

Forms: airiseamh, -imh, -mhe

n u, m. Later also o. airiseamh m. (g s. -imh, -mhe), IGT Decl. § 101 . Vn. of ar-sissedar, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 . Cf. GOI p. 499 . IGT Verbs § 65 . Also airisid, 1 airise(?).

(a) act of resting, remaining, stopping; delay: flesc . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . ni sund rorath duit a.¤ , Trip.² 2675 . dotiagat do airsemh offrind `who came to wait for mass', Mon. Tall. 157.1 (§ 71) . ar ná léictis airisium dó that they should not allow him to halt, LU 2949 . is gnāth a.¤ ōc ḟēne and, TBC-I¹ 603 (`heroes are wont to abide there', Faraday). nīrbo eṅgnamaid, acht a airisium inna suidi nammā (of Conchobar mac Nessa after the wound which led to his death), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 8.11 . airisium i n-a ulc, PH 6439 . roeircetar co hathlam . . . can oirisim, TTebe 3888 . ní dhearnaidh oiriseadh ná comhnuidhe, Maguires of F. 54 . foruim biucan airisse arin telaig `alighted for a little rest', RC x 76.16 . ni bia oram fairisiumh / acht mar bhís ben ar aithedh, BNnÉ 313 § 6 . do-gní a.¤ makes a halt, sojurn: as áluinn an tionadh so ina ndernuis oirisiomh, Ériu v 88.14 . donither oirisium cian innti iar scis in fhasaigh, Marco P. 21 . dognī sē comnaidhe ┐ oirisemh ar in Chraoibh, Fl. Earls 6.4 . g s. as attrib.: araill do retlanduibh oirismhe na firmaminti `fixed stars', Marco P. 42 . port airisim, 20 .

(b) act of desisting from, stopping: oirisiumh do sceluibh . . . crich na hIndia, Marco P. 188 . oc cluiche . . . cen airisium, RC x 78.12 . nobidh can airisemh ag adhmoladh a n-imbualta, CCath. 5971 . In legal contexts: is airisium do in breithemnus he may postpone his decision, Laws v 252.19 Comm. Glossing anad stay of distress: is doilgi don ti uil ag in tabac airesem, Laws i 252.16 Comm. gin anad itir .i. gin airisim, O'D. 615 ( H 3.17, c. 459 ).

(c) Fig. abiding by (FOR): cin . . . trebaire re hairisum uirre i.e. a judge may not give judgement without security that the parties will abide by it, Laws v 352.5 . ni thicfad don domun uli a gabail na airisium fair to receive it and continue it(?) (of doctrine), LB 145a33 . a.¤ oc (im, fri) altoir (ail adartha), a type of ordeal, IT iii 192 § 24 . fir n-airisme fri haltoir, Laws v 470.34 .i. in tairismetu im ailig n-adartha, 472.21 Comm. cranncor no airisim iman ailigh nadartha, O'Curry 2569 (Eg. 88, fo. (49)a).

airithin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airithin or dil.ie/2144

n badar . . . tri bliadna ic a.¤ ┐ ic foichill na fledhi sin preparing , BB 255a40 = robás hi fochill na fleidhe sin fri ré tēora lethblīadhan, ZCP xi 61.6 (cf. fairthe). ? teit ina suidi n-a.¤ ┐ ibid a dhig, IT ii 177.108 (cf. 1 airide?).

ar-midethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-midethar or dil.ie/4211

Forms: -irmadadar, -ermaitis, -irmissid, -irmastá, -érrmadair, -irmadatar, -armadatar, airmaisiu

v ( air-mid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 578 . See also 385 where irmith, Wb. 12d24 , is regarded as a possible ipv. 2 s.) Indic. pres. 3 s. -irmadadar, Wb. 28a21 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. -ermaitis, Laws i 24.33 Comm. ( -ermaititis, 24.11 Comm. ). Subj. pres. 2 pl. -irmissid, Wb. 27c29 . Subj. impf. pass. sg. -irmastá, LL 290a14 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. -érrmadair, LU 6025 . 3 pl. -irmadatar, Wb. 5b2 . -armadatar, Ml. 54d17 .

Vn. airmaisiu. IGT Verbs § 65 .

(a) hits (a mark), aims at, strikes: focheird . . . in sleig . . . co n-érrmadair áth a da chulad, LU 6025 ( TBC-I¹ 1558 ). 's é lacht rodasurmaid (of milking cows), Metr. Dinds. iii 220.48 .

(b) attains to, succeeds in doing something: ni irmadatar fírinni tri rad `they attained not truth through grace', Wb. 5b2 . conirmissid taithesc coir do cach grád `so that you may attain the answer proper to every grade', 27c29 . ní ermadair nech díb a suidi none of them succeeded in sitting, BDD² 1376 . ni ermadair . . . aichne adnacuil a maicc, Trip.² 1441 . intan nod (nád ?) nermaititis . . . a fir aicned (leg. aicnid) do cuiredh bolga for a ngruadaib when they did not attain to truth (of judges), Laws i 24.11 Comm. 'ga teigema in tigernus no ar a n-uirmesa in aird-rige or who may attain the monarchy, MR 146.16 .

See airmaisid.

? ar-said

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ar-said or dil.ie/4288

v (saidid)

(a) sits before: arsaid cach n-áth conid día thuil targlaí he holds every ford(?), LU 8312 ( FB 23 ).

(b) Perh. also in follg. in sense of stays, remains, accumu- lates: acht arsuig foigelt fo miad nairme ┐ re .i. tairisig fogelt . . . but grazing remains (as payment ?) according to number . . ., Laws ii 76.13 . ar saigh deste .i. tairisigh in tiruairsi the remainder remains(?), O'Curry 2716 ( Eg. 88, 60b ) = arsaidh deastui dileas .i. tairisidh aice in tiruairside na dechaid i lobadh don athgabail coro hicthar fogeltadh tar a cenn, 683 (H 3.18, 332). fosuid cach aititiu; adsuidet foluid rudrad cach ronaidm . . . ar said aititiu, Laws iii 10.9 . Cf. ar-saig, ar-suidi , ad-suidi , ar-sissedar.

ar-saig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-saig or dil.ie/4291

v (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 606 )

(a) goes towards, advances on: atsaigtis (arsaigtis v.l. in two MSS) ar sethir `whom our sisters used to visit', Fél. Sept. 30 . ardosaichti (artosaich v.l.) sel sedantai (Setanta v.l.) S. attacks them(?), KZ xxxiii 83.19 ( BB 378b18 ). súithemail slectugud / arsaigter siúit, LL 1040 = frisogar súitt `which the roads have attained(?)', Ériu iv 154.5 . ? introethatar fo mamu morflatha .i. in flaith hisin arasaith foltaib a flatha, O'Curry 825 (H 3.18, 379a). ? arroseagat cuir neich fosiseadhar .i. inni ro seachadh iar coir do thabairt do neoch na fuisit neneclann, 1998 ( H 4.22, 28 ),

(b) entails, incurs(?): foegium cin innarba arsaig aithgin (.i. tarrustar aithgin o fir foeghme do gres) entails restitution, Laws ii 300.21 ( ZCP xiv 378 § 41 ). ar suig fiachu cach nindligi every illegality incurs a penalty(?), Laws ii 2.5 . ? arsaidh .i. dighal, ut est arsaig ni dicinn, O'Dav. 32 . ni .i. olc, ut est arsaidh ni dicenn .i. astar olc do neoch an glam dicend, ib. (< H 3.18, 61a ).

(c) luid Liber . . . corusbāidh isin Liber, conid uaide arsegar `it is called', Dinds. 15 ( RC xv 307 ) = conid uadi ainmnigther, LL 21216 .

Cf. 1, 2 airigid and ar-said, ar-suidi .

ar-sissedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-sissedar or dil.ie/4312
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: arasissiur, arasissedar, arasisedar, -airisedar, arasissetar, -airesetar, arsissethar, -airissedar, arsissinn, aurisfemmar, [a]r-siasar, ar-sesar, arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, ar[s]isestar, -airsir, ar-sesatar, ar-said, arroissisiursa, arroisestar, arosiuir, aroisir, arrosir, tarrasair, -arrasar, arrastair, arrasair, airisid, airisem

v ( air-siss-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arasissiur, Ml. 41c3 . 3 s. arasissedar, 51b13 . arasisedar, Sg. 213b2 . -airisedar, 139b1 . 3 pl. arasissetar, Ml. 39b11 , 77b3 . -airesetar, Sg. 209b19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arsissethar (arsissetar MS), Ml. 120d19 . -airissedar, 131b4 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arsissinn, Ml. 44d26 . Fut. 1 pl. aurisfemmar, LL 13935 . ? Pret. 2 s. [a]r-siasar (-ir, -iur), Ériu xvi 179 § 1 , § 2 , § 3 . ar-sesar, xix 82 § 1 (or perh. subj. pass. sg. (with jussive sense) of ar-said, ib. 86 n. ). arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, O'Dav. 93 . ar[s]isestar, Ériu i 215.1 . -airsir, Mon. Tall. 150.28 . 3 pl. ar-sesatar , Ériu xix 83 § 7 (or subj. pass. pl. of ar-said, ib. p. 86 n. ). Perf. 1 s. arroissisiursa, Études Celt. xl 74 ( Ml. 88a9​ ). 3 s. arroisestar, 18d16 . arosiuir, RC xiv 245.5 , 246.19 ( arosisir, YBL 212b19 ). aroisir, 246.24 . arrosir, BB 499b36 = tarrasair, Alex. 1035 . -arrasar, LU 5811 = arrastair, TBC-I¹ 1340 . arrasair, LU 6621 .

Later as simple vb. airisid. IGT Verbs § 65 .

Vn. airisem.

Stays, stands fast, rests, remains: dú inairesetar `where they remain', Sg. 209b19 . mani airissedar ind lam fri talmain, Ml. 131b4 . roairisius-[s]a, Ériu iv 134.14 . airisiu sund bic co fessur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1399 . focherdat a trí cóecta bunsach fair ┐ arsisetar isin scíath slissen uli lesseom they all stick, LU 4875 (TBC). is amlaid ata in firmamint im talmain i nairisidh, Laws i 28.25 Comm. co ro airis in long sin n-inud irrabi, LL 221b49 . aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre, Corm. Y 35 . a roísir a láim forsan ersaind in tṡída, YBL 212b24 ( RC xiv 246.24 ). arsised íarum a cos Maile duin for folaig n-athloisc[th]e na hecailsi, RC ix 458.4 . atsisithar (arsisithar .i. doan) sist forsin port oc déchsain na hingine, ZCP v 524.28 (= assisedar, IT i 131.21 ). adre[ith] in sliabh foran sliabh n-aill ┐ airisis air remained there, Marco P. 8 . fairisidh a bhuime ┐ a aide la hUltu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 44.8 . ro loisccsed . . . Tuaim . . . ar na hairisdís Goill inntibh, AFM iii 34.x . do chuinghidh ferainn i n-oirisfemais, BNnÉ 298 § 43 . oirisit hi ffarradh Colmain, 299 § 43. comhnaigit ┐ airissit immorro an oidche sin., Fl. Earls 110.9 . airisidh agam `stay', Content. ii 7 . sréid Fergus Dubthach úad iarsin co n-arrasair di sruib fri budin anall alighted, LU 6621 . cona hédadh barr na bili . . . forsa n-airsed, Ériu xii 154.20 . ar-sesar Conchubar cētath `sat in the front seat', Ériu xix 82 § 1 . arsiasiur ri Mumhen mordescert fledtáighi, Ériu xvi 179 § 3 . arseser .i. dofeser ara belaib som isin carpat, O'Curry 508 (H 3.18, 258). ? arsiasaighther .i. innsaighi: ut est arsiasaither a bráthair Mugain .i. indsaigi ar amus a brathar, O'Dav. 93 . In sense of stops, desists, gives up: arsisetar na hoic ┐ rethaid ina suidi , IT ii1 174.17 . arsisetar (leg. arsisethar or arsisedar, ed.) Cuchulaind . . . ┐ angid na h-ocu C. desists and spares the youths(?), 175.48 . ? cach duine aridsisither ┐ nachid nanaigh, Laws iv 362.24 . Halts, delays: ni ro airisius co h-Ailech N. `I did not stay till . . .', MR 36.5 . ni ro hairiseadh leo go rangattar go dúrlas, AFM iii 16.1 . nīr hairissedh leō go riachtsat gusin Edāill, Fl. Earls 120.9 . Folld. by cen and vn.: ní oirisedh . . . gin triall a ndail Cublay insisted on going, Marco P. 85 . roairis go ceann na ree sin gan toidheacht don mhainisdeir he did not visit the monastery, ZCP v 495.7 . Endures, persists: arrosir a crodattu, BB 499b36 (= tarrasair, Alex. 1035 ). arsisither .i. tairisi, ut est nach mac soirche ┐ rl. arsisither a cin ┐ a rathas, O'Dav. 95 . fri re secht la airisis in ciaich sin, Marco P. 10 .

Other uses: airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu where the copper separated (?) from the javelin, LU 5811 = fochuridar a úma don chlettin, TBC-LL¹ 2073 = do cuiredh a umha [don chleitin], TBC St. 1847 . ind adarc dub bis mon gai is di arsisidar in gai imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu sa .i. ise isi ised is attached, Auraic. 1622 . cech ní atbera frib-si cretid uli do ┐ airissid fair keep to it, LB 151b13 . conid he ni for ar airis a menma that is what they decided, LB 157a41 . airis rit muntir a mic na flatha stand fast by, LL 297a47 ( SG 364.40 ). airisid fén fri fulang cecha doccumlai `continue to endure', PH 2406 . airised rium do mhenma give me your attention, RC xxxvii 345 § 10 . gach oen airisfes frib `whoever shall oppose you', CCath. 5163 . is o chorp ┐ nemchorp ro airis it consisted, Laws i 26.10 . airim forbthi in sin, uair airissid o choitibh co coir it consists of factors, Auraic. 1446 . a athair oiris gut chéill / . . . / breth dírech as dú do fhlaith `stand fast by thy wisdom', SG 124.33 . ni ro-airis-[s]ium oc forcetul `he did not leave off preaching', PH 2552 . airisis . . . ag dion, MR 274.15 . airis Fintan ic sloind seanchassa, Ériu iv 150.11 . airis for céill remain reasonable, FDG² 2.54​​​​​ .

Trans. cinnas ḟuirechlem cinnas aurisfemmar clessu, LL 13935 . ro airis Dia athair betha dó preserved his life, LB 157a47 .

ar-suidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-suidi or dil.ie/4320

v (a) ar a deni ┐ ar a ani in charpait ┐ ind erred arid suided and who was placed in the warrior's seat(?), LU 10179 (or to be referred to the compd. ar-said and translated who sat in front?).

(b) makes terms, settles conditions, stipulates: arsuid trichu mbuair berur, Laws ii 134.12 `es bedingt, dass 30 Rinder genommen werden', Bürgschaft 78 = arsaigh trichat bo berur, Laws ii 132.18 Comm. arsuidi slan do giallaib gaibtur, 136.4 = arsaid, O'Curry 825 (H 3.18, 379) `es bedingt Entschädigung an die Geiseln, die gefasst werden', Bürgschaft 78 . Cf. ar-saig.

assoith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. assoith or dil.ie/4511

v (cf. ad-suidi ): a.¤ (assuith v.l.) in grían fri Gabon .i. rosuidigestar `the sun rested(?) on Gibeon', Thes. ii 319.9 (Hy. ii). húaire a.¤ (assuith v.l.) la hÉsu / in grīan . . . , 320.1 . assuith an grian .i. dofhosaigheastair no dofhosaidh no do chomnaidh an ghrian, O'Cl. ? assaid (ássaid?) in dubcheō . . . immund, MacCongl. 121.33 . Cf. ag assuidhe na gréine, Dinneen s.v. as-suidhim .

astaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. astaid or dil.ie/4517

x see ad-suidi .

astaithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. astaithe or dil.ie/4520

n (g s.) (ad-suidi ): cuiti frithe a bechaib ┐ a daine doera no co ma cuit astaithi detention share, Laws v 338.7 Comm. cuitigh astaide, iii 430.23 Comm. indeithem astaithe . . . ┐ ni caemnas a nastad, 286.19 Comm. can caemachtu astaidhe, 464.14 Comm. indeiteam astaiti, 17 Comm. i. astaithi, z Comm. run astaithi intention of stopping thieves, 464.23 Comm. Cf. astud, astaigthe.

astaithi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. astaithi or dil.ie/4521

vbl. of necess. of ad-suidi : cach sochur . . . is a.¤ co ruici log nenech, Laws v 286.11 Comm. is astaide air, 420.x Comm. is ed is astaite ann-side, 366. x Comm.

astud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. astud or dil.ie/4546
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: astad, astád, astúd, astód

u, m. vn. of ad-suidi . Also astad, astád, astúd, astód. IGT Verbs § 64 , § 106 .

(a) act of holding back, detaining, keeping (in a place): cen nach n-a.¤ gl. sine ullo . . . adpensu, Ml. 15a15 . a.¤ gl. qui non digni aliquo aestimantur adpensu, 15c4 . in Satan aridralastar insin dot astad etir tuaid `to detain thee among the laity', Ériu ii 222.6 . dodechoid . . . inna diaid día a.¤ , Trip.² 2682 . Ui Neill ic triall a thabarta do A., Ulaid occa a.¤ occu, 3015 . ata-roí a n-astod (astód v.l., LU 6793 ), BDD² 308 . cen caemachtain astada, Laws v 468.32 Comm. rogabastár éssi astuda a ech, LU 6398 . ic arichill astuda na laédeṅg, LL 236a26 ( TTr. 1425 ). rogabh gá astadh a brat she took to holding him by his cloak, BS 6 . fastod na fola mista 'suppression of the menstrues' Ériu x 148 § 4 . Of holding back an enemy: a mbī ēcmacht / hūë nAirt a.¤ / ar cūl cāich / ni bu tlāith fri catha castud, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 39 § 6 . ? gabul asta echtranda, Laws iv 38.15 . astúd rurech, LU 4755 (TBC). ac trena.¤ fer ṅ-hErend, TBC-LL¹ 3195 . ? cachain in dail n-asdadha do Gaidelaib: gebat foss findgrinde (sung by Lóch who had undertaken to ward off the Fomorians), RC xii 102 § 141 . Of retaining, keeping (in service): do a.¤ inna filed . . . ar robas ica n-innarba (sic leg.), LU 300 (ACC) (corresponding to fastódh na bhfileadh, Keat. iii 1453 ). Note also: cia bet . . . carru . . . / oc breth imerge . . . / is astadh doib in aidchi sin / dia mberther bo cach aicme do rig `they may rest for that night', Laws i 136.6 .

(b) act of fixing, establishing: ni ar far n-a.¤ i n-ógi gl. [porro autem ad utilitatem uestram dico] non ut laqueum uobís ineiciam (iniiciam, 1 Corinth. vii 35 ) to bind you to celibacy, Wb. 10b14 . do asdud pectho . . . foir gl. adversus prespiterum accusationem noli recipere, to convict him of sin, 29a15 . astad caich in[a] sochar ┐ ina dochar `binding of all to their good and bad contracts', Laws i 50.30 . ni conberedh breth . . . gin teora ailche astudha cacha breithe, 24.23 Comm. is i cetna leac astuga cacha sealbha .i. is e in cetna ni amail lic astus dilsi caca feraind, v 498.8 , 500.2 Comm. ? ni fulangar cuccai go tairi no ast— uadh fri laim brithi in laa sin, Anecd. iii 24.1 . rucus oenfer do a.¤ for diis one binds (proves) against two (Thurn.), ZCP xv 327 § 19 ( xvi 221 ). rucside deichenbur ar fhichit dá fastud `to bind him in his rights', Ériu xi 48.2 . dligid āi a.¤ , Anecd. iii 14.z . ferr a.¤ (astúd v.l.) amaires certainty is better than doubt, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 15.27 . co nastudh sualach, Lism. L. 2460 . do astad a císa ┐ a righi ar eigin foruib, RC xii 74 § 50 . a asdadh i n-aen .i. in trefocal, Auraic. 1027 . a asdadh a ndeichthe `its establishment' (of alphabet), 1022 .

Cf. fastód, fostad, aitside, astaithe, astaigthe.

atastormus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. atastormus or dil.ie/4574

ind bīaid dano in tsesērgid Suidi Chaim .i. isre atas tormus (asre atus tormas v.l.) dobērai scēla derbai in todóchaidhe the period when it was decided(?), ZCP ix 456.20 .

Bretnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Bretnas or dil.ie/6772

Forms: Brethnais

n [ā, f.] (Bretain) Also Brethnais. the British (later Welsh) language : Succat .i. b.¤ sen `British', Trip. 412.6 . isin bretnais, 7 . Saxanberla ┐ berla Brethnas (two of the five languages of Britania), Anecd. iii 65.3 . Gréc Laitin Bretnais co mblaid, SG 348.7 . rolabair asin mbretnais amail bhud hé a berla bunaid, Lism. L. 2538. isin Breatnais, Auraic. 633. isin mBretnus . . . ┐ is combrec, 3208 ; cf. combrecc . . . .i. goor gach solus i suidi , Corm. Y 675. san Bhreathnais . . . san Ghaedhilg, Keat. ii 1030.

Compd. sluagh . . . Bretan . . . ina mbróin . . . Bretnais-berlaig, MR 214.z .

búachaill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búachaill or dil.ie/7194
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bó-, -ail, búachail, búachaill, -alla, búachail

n i, m. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 89 - 90 ). Also bó-. -ail freq. especially in earlier exx. búachail búachaill (g s id. and -alla), IGT Decl. § 111. búachail (g s id.), § 112.

(a) herdsman, cowherd; herdswoman: buachail .i. cail [┐] coimétaige na mbó, Thr. Ir. Gl. 7. būachail .i. būaire fēin ┐ cail comēt, Corm. Y 130. buachaill bó gl. bubulcus, Ir. Gl. 583. buachaill mucc gl. subulcus, 584 . muinæ buachaele (n. loc.), Thes. ii 239.13 (Ardm.). bochail gl. armentarius , Études Celt. xxii 220 . bóchaill gl. bobulcus, Sg. 58b6 . b.¤ , Trip.² 3137. F. ainm in búachalla, LU 5830. in tarb . . . ┐ . . . a bōchaill, TBC-I¹ 854 (= b.¤ , LU 5330 ). i llías ṅgamna búachaille nEterscéle, BDD² 77. cond bo buachaill i mbansoillsi `in broad day-light a `b.¤' is the cow's wits', Gloss. (prov.), Laws iv 96.23 . ni augaire, ni buachail, i 104.x . itir buachaillib bo ┐ laeg, ii 366.7 Comm. a ṡuidi buachalla (of a swineherd ), LL 22605 ( Dinds. 103 ). buachal dano ┐ banlícerd ísen `a herdswoman', Dinds. 86. búachail a ndíaigh na ngopar, Duan. F. ii 136 § 45. do scelaib na mbuachalla inso shepherds (of Bethlehem), LB 136a marg. sin ní ḟoil bhoin ar breith bhúachail, IGT Decl. ex. 1829. do thréd ag búain bhúachalla, ex. 1828 . na búachuillighe = they that kept them (of swine), Matthew viii 33. aodhaire, buachaill `a herd or shepherd ', Eg. Gl. 5.

(b) Fig. guardian, protector: cénmaír tír díanad buachail (of a king), RC xvii 173.19 (Tig.). búachail manach, medhamh clēirech (of Colum Cille), ZCP viii 197 § 10. is tú is buachail / ar Cruachain (to Medb), TBC-LL¹ 3094. biaid cen buachail Inis Fáil, LL 19247. buachaill tenn . . . na Temrach .i. Conn Cēdchathach, ML² 1198. mo bhuachail (of guardian angel), Dán Dé viii 10 . gach Ministir ┐ gach buachaill Eagluise, Carswell 40.

(c) servant, attendant: in t-ara .i. in buachail, IT i 40.20 . búachail . . . / agatsa thall ad lubhgort, Duan. F. ii 136 § 45. mo bhuachuil dar ab ainm Grādh na Comharsan, Desid. 6313. buachaill an táibhirne, TSh. 10677. buachaill brannaimh na beatha .i. an bás, 869 . aon bhuachaill legha medical attendant , AFM vi 1956.27 .

(d) youth, boy: athair an bhúachalla (= of the child), Mark ix 24 . tré choimhriachtoin ré buachuillighibh, Desid. 3819. na buachuille beaga small boys, Mac Aingil 2367 .

As n. pr. m. geguin C. . . . maccu Búachalla, LU 5814 (TBC). meic Dondgail meic Buachalla, LL 334a14 . Cian Ua Buachalla, AFM ii 938.2 .

cáe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáe or dil.ie/7569

Forms: caí, coí, cue, cua, caí, coí, cuí, cua, cúadh, cæiti, cæthi

n later also caí, coí. f. g s. cue, cua, Críth G. 237 and v.l. a d s. (in early texts) caí, coí, cuí see infra. Later also cua, ZCP iii 378.13 . g s. cúadh, H 3.18, 649b34 . n p. cæiti, TTebe 1749 , a p. cæthi, 2365 (see Gloss.).

(a) Name of a social institution according to which a member of the noble grades had the right to bring a party with him on a night's coshering visit to each of his servile clients. The number of his party was in direct ratio to the number of his clients. The season of coshering visits was between New Year's Day and Shrovetide, hence phr. aimser chue frequ. glossed geimred. See Binchy, Féil. Mhic Néill 18 ff. and Críth G. p. 81 . dí loairgg direna(i)tar séot mad ráithiu chue (chua, v.l.) leth íarm(o)ithá if it be in the coshering season (i.e. winter), Críth G. 237 . fri lesa fri cui dorōnad (a road), Corm. Y 1082 . iní do berar itir da chae 'na foiridhin .i. itir callainn ┐ init, O'D. 520 ( H 3.17, 423 ). adbeba (arbeba, v.l.) cach a choí (a gcae geimridh, v.l.) .i. epelaid o chach a choe gaimraid .i. a chuaird gemrid for a doercheli .i. for a doérbiatachu each one will lose his coshering season, RC xxvi 38 § 200 and note. co tarta . . . .iiii. sect cumel dō nādnaurthet rath nā cuí, ZCP viii 316.23 . cartad raite . . . .i. i n-aimsir cua . . . .i. an aimsir cuae no aimsir coctha, Laws i 128.7 Comm. denum slige .i. i n-aimsir cua, 158.27 Comm. caithge raite . . . .i. an aimsir cua ┐ aenaigh, iv 144.24 Comm. i n-aimsir chuadh . . . .i. gemred, H 3.18, 649b34 . dámh cháe (compd.) na ngradh filleadh so sios (title of a tract), Ériu xiii 51.27 . In concrete sense of the food provided: creic aige carrnu ina tech curuice forcruid cuad, Laws v 284.y `the purchase of joints of meat for his house up to (= excluding) an excessive amount for a coshering feast i.e. he may purchase sufficient meat to enable him to entertain his lord and party when they come to his house on a coshering party but no more', Féil. Mhic Néill 21 . tinol cua (tinol cue .i. bid, v.l.), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 23.5 `collection of food for a coshering', Féil. Mhic Néill 21 . cai .i. fleadh, H 3.18, 211.18 . cuádh .i. feóil ┐ deismirecht air: muc co n-úir .i. i n-aimsir chúadh, 649b33 . ? taccad .i. tī-cāid . . . .i. ar tī chūad atā, Corm. Y 1250 . cuadh .i. coga[d], ut est ni tard biadh i (a, v.l.) cuad do, O'Dav. 578 ( tharda, Ériu xiii 81 § 281 ). Prob. also digeni ierum cai (cauin, v.l.) (.i. fritailim) in righ, ZCP iii 243.14 . In B. na f.: saoghlonn rosmacht cai (.i. fleadh) na trūagh, ZCP v 486 § 8 . līth do pauper ┐ cai (.i. fled), § 7 . seathnach ētig is tearc cūadh (.i. feoil), 484 § 6 ( cua, iii 378.13 ).

Frequ. in phrase for (ar) coí on a coshering visit : aire désa . . . deich lánamna[i] a chórus for coí (cae, cuí, v.ll.) ó challainn co hinit, Críth G. 335 . trícha lánamna[e] a chórus for coí o challainn co hinit ar is a lín bíata bís lín for coí, 400 `the number on `c.¤' is according to the number of persons paying food-rent', Féil. Mhic Néill 20 . aimsir chūa (chue v.l., Corm. Bodl. 38 ), aimsir chochtae . . . it hē achuis ar a nglanaiter .i. arnā hēilnet a cairpthiu oc dul for cāi that they may not soil their chariots going on a coshering visit (of roads), Corm. Y 1082 . dámha for cáe so síos (title of a tract), Ériu xiii 51.7 . cach aire dis dib .xvi. aire for cui dib, Irish Texts i 19 § 4 . ni uil aireamh daimhe for cae do rigaibh, O'Curry 1853 ( 23 Q 6, 51b ) `there is no limit to a king's suite on a coshering', Féil. Mhic Néill 20 note 5 . for fecht feili, for cai cuir., Auraic. 2221 . ochtur for caei, 2225 . coicer cae, cethrar gnathless, 2238 . Fig. scuchais in fer cerdda ar cāe / . . . / riasin aīgid co rath Dé died(?), Corp. Gen. 317.12 .

(b) way, path (orig. meaning?): cāi .i. conair, Corm. Y 364 . LU 568 (ACC Comm.). conar .i. cen fēr. nó coi en-fir, O'Mulc. 239 . cae .i. conair, Lec. Gl. 223 . cái .i. conair, Metr. Gl. 3.14 . cai no caoi .i. slighe no conair, O'Cl. ar na faghbaidís . . . cai na conair éludha docum in mara, CCath. 1380 . nir lensat cái na conair, Mer. Uil. 207 . 'na rói-rith gidh leonuighthe a céim 'san chaoi, Keat. Poems 119 . for (ar) c.¤ on the road, on a journey: gilidir a chness ra hael / ar óen co tiagmais ar cae may we travel together, LL 6394 ( MS. Mat. 480 ). im Báre im Raibne ro baí / tri .c. allmarach ar caí, 28694 . canmais dord ar ndul ar cae, Manners and Customs iii 378.z . ar cae uar conairi ac techt in turisa `on the course of your way', TTebe 2181 . conrecat for óenchái (enchoi, oenchói, aenchae, v.ll.) together, Fél. June 10 . ni rucfaider ind imirgi se for óenchoí, LU 5395 (TBC). cia beit fir Érenn occa décsin for oenchoí, Airne F. 173 . for óenchoí ind iatha gl. for unce n-etha, LL 24547 ( RC xxvi 28 ).

(c) way, manner, course, means : coí hi fil in tríchoit cét isin tig, ní ermadair nech díb a suidi the way the `t.c.¤' are in the house, BDD² 1375 . cen choe astuda a tét, RC xx 164 § 20 (ACC. Gloss on crot cen cheis), cf. dia mba coi astuda no dia mbo gae ḟostuda, 176 § 41 (ib. Gloss on dia mba goiste). cae da danic chuici int [s]leg, TTebe 3297 . iar cae coir, Laws i 212.20 Comm. ii 214.16 Comm. in cae is coitechta do, iv 128.20 Comm. dorala ... ar cáe (cai, v.l.) meraigthi, TTebe 4650 . a hoenbennach for cai gnáith, LL 16200 ( for coe, Rawl. 77b40 ). ní lánléir aithnim an marbh a caoi dhuine, Hackett² xviii 7 . bail no caoi chneasta do chor ar éin-ní, TSh. 5118 . tiaghair ar chaoi chairdeasa, DDána 97.16 . créd an cháoi . . . arar thriall a ccláoi in what manner? RSClára 142 § 2 . creud é an chaoi no an tordughadh air ar cóir ... do dheunadh?, Donlevy 470.3 . ro chuir ... an cluithche . . . a g-caoi nach raibh ... acht aon bheart `so played the game ... that he had but one move', Oss. iii 144.10 . an tráth nach fúaradar cáoi ar a thabhairt asdeach, Luke v 19 . mo chaoise ó dhá thaoibh nó a trí / re Muire `I can approach Mary on several counts', Aithd. D. 100.9 . ar dtoil do tháth re toil nDé / ... a chaoi (of Christ's teaching), DDána 3.1 . dena mo comurle ... ┐ rod fōire um an caí sin a fuile question, problem (?) (caingin, v.l.), Grail 3190 .

(d) Also expld. in glossaries as house : cāi .i. tech . . unde dicitur cerdcha .i. tech cerda, Corm. Y 365 . cadan . . . .i. cāe a dūn nō a inad .i. adbai, 334 . ulchai .i. cāi (.i. tech) na hōili hī .i. tech, 1284 . ? cuithe ... i. cūa ┐ tē ut dicitur cūad cōi fid .i. fid cūa co cāe fās and, 338 . c.¤ is dáe ... da ainm tighe a mbia daoine, Metr. Gl. 30 § 54 . cai no ca .i. teach.¤ Dearbhadh airsin mar a deirthear creascha ris an teagh ina raibhe Muire oidhche gheine Iosa, O'Cl. sencas .i. sen cae fis na sen, tech fis na sen . . . ┐ deismirecht [ar] an ni is cae tech:— cer[d]chai, muillend etc., Laws i 32.10 Comm. engach sa caoi a mbíd mna (B. na f.) `in a house where women are', ZCP iii 378.10 (' san ca (.i. 'sa teaghd[h]ais), v 483 § 4 ). Cf. airchae, cerdchae, crescae, 2 lusca.

? seana-bho riabhach . . . nachar muchadh a ccae na a slugaire . . . `in bog hole', ITS xxx 16.24 . See Gloss.

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