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? 1 bair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 1 bair or dil.ie/5219

 

n ? suith de ollorb adhmall adhmolta .i. samhaighther, no ordaidhther do na hadhmoltaibh is aga mholus, no is dlighthech molus ica tá ball don b.¤ bairdne do clí .i. triur aici a tigh in righ, mar oen ris, ┐ dís a tigh in teghlaigh amuigh, ┐ ni dligh ní tairis, O'D. 1221 (H. 2.15, 86a). má rucustar fer na focreca a báir, slán de re ré na focreca islán do, ┐ ma rucustar fer bunaidh in ferainn erni don b.¤ air iar ré na focreca, is a dilsi do, 1562 (H. 5.15, 3a).

ballorb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ballorb or dil.ie/5309
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (ball + orbb) the name of a member of a poetic grade, equated with the `cana', see 1 cana; lit. `partial heir´, i.e. one who has partial ability in poetry (?) UR 36 : b.¤ .i. ball d'forpa na filidechta occa . . . ┐ is do canaid is ainm b.¤ , Auraic. 4629. suide b.¤ bard, O'D. 2207 (Nero A vii, 143b). suith b.¤ bard, 1221 (H. 2.15, 86a). suide ballorb (balldorb, ollorb, v.ll.) admall admolta, UR 34 .19 . suide ballorb (balldorb, v.l.) bard, 34 .23 .

1 ecna(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ecna(e) or dil.ie/19605

 

Forms: ecne, æcne, écnæ, ecnae, ecnæ, écna, ecna, egn, eagna, ecni, écnai, ecnai, ecnai, ecna, eagna, ecne, æccne, ecnae, ecnai, egn, æcnu, écnu, æcne, æcni

n io, n. later f., rarely m. nom. ecne Wb. 7c15 . 8b3 . æcne, 8a10 . écnæ, Ml. 51b7 . ecnae O'Mulc. 361 . ecnæ, Ml. 128d9 . écna, SR 7005 (unrimed). (in, ind) ecna , PH 6862.7106 . egn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.18 . (an) eagna , Proverbs viii 1 . voc. a ḟírecnai, Hib. Min. 43.4 . gen. ecni, Sg. 2a2 . écnai (imláin), SR 7038 . ecnai (eruill) 7058 . (in(d)) ecnai , Fél. Feb. 9 . PH 6861 . Lat. Lives 110.6 . ecna, PH 3961 , etc. (na h)eagna , TSh. 1847 , etc. acc. ecne, Wb. 8a14 . æccne, 2a17 . ecnae, Ml. 89c5 . ecnai PH 7103 . egn, Ériu iii 144 § 13 , etc. dat. æcnu, Wb. 8a10 . écnu, SR 7001 . 7025 (: frecru).

I Wisdom, knowledge, enlightenment , used to render Lat. sapientia, and frequently of Divine wisdom or of spiritual knowledge, but also applied to human learning in its widest sense; of acquired knowledge ; rarely intelligence, skill (see ex. fr. ZCP xi 151 below): philosophos .i. grádhuightheoir na heagna, Keat. ii 159 . is huad cach n-ecne (gl. solo sapienti Deo) Wb. 7c15 . aní nad comnactar doíni tria n-ecne ( 1 Corinth. i 25 ) 8a14 . nad fes cid as maith no as olc...manidtarti écnae Dæ, Ml. 51b7 . ind ecna diadai PH 7106 . hi cach ceniul fis ┐ ecni (gl. in omni studio) Sg. 2a2 . éula i fiuss et æcnu (gl. oportet episcopum...esse... doctorem) Wb. 28b23 . multitudo scientiae .i. immad fessa ┐ ecna, PH 6237 . nad imradi ecna na crabad na suith , Ériu vii 138.6 . buith cen æccne (gl. non est intelligens) Wb. 2a17 . tucad roga | do Solum... | da ruc egna d'ardrogain Solomon took wisdom as his choice Ériu iii 144 § 13 . PH 3961 . SR 7005 . o rath ecna ┐ fhatsine PH 3659 . 4490 . tús na heagna omhan Dé (= initium sapientiae timor Domini) A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 1 . luid do ḟogluim ecnai cusin uasal-epscop (= sapientiam addiscens), Lat. Lives 110.6 . ACL iii 12.5 . sinnsear la fine, feabta la flaith, ecna la heclais, Laws iv 372.1 . secht ngraidh ecna dno docuisin .i. rosai ocus saidh, anruth ocus sruth do aill, ocus fursaintid, etc. 354.22 . imusfreccrat gradha ecna ocus eclasa fri gradha file ocus Féne; acht is ecna mathair cacha dana dib conid as a bais uile hebhait 356.25 . egna gan fhos | fregra abaid gan eolos `wisdom without stability' (of superficial attainments), O'Gr. Cat. 556. 18 . damad derb leis dul go grod | ...ni dingnad egna na modh | ar egla a dul don shaeghul, ZCP vii 301 . go raibhe 'na ollamh i n-eagna agus i n-eolus, Keat. ii 2059 . ná meas m'eagna ar m'óige...is sine ná m'aois m'fhoghluim, Dánfhocail § 114 . éolus...eagna knowledge...knowledge Proverbs xviii 15 . gach uile eagna all wisdom xviii 1 . Cf. iar seanchaidib na gaedilgi annso anuas.iar senchus in ecna imurro so sís, Laws i 34.24 Comm.

Of an erudite work (?): d'ēis a dhēnta sa dhīola | le Dia ag deanamh eissīogha | bhur n-egna dobeir gan bhuil | (a) fir na hegna d'iarroidh `poetry' (acquired knowledge?) ZCP x 267 § 5 = Measgra D. 179 .

pn In epithets: sruaim ṅ-ecnai (of St. Sechnall), Fél. Nov. 27 . sruaim ecna uaigh (St. Cainnech), ACL iii 220.15 . muir n-eccna (St. Colum C.) ZCP viii 197 § 13 .

In the follg. ex. the meaning is apparently understanding, intelligence>skill: anmanda mōr | co n-ecnu ōg clessa combraiss, ZCP xi 151 § 39 = Anecd. i 55.8 , see note on eagnamh and eangnamh in Gadelica i 297 n.1 (cf. ITS xxiv 149 ). Cf. co n-écnu óg, in ref. to Solomon, SR 7001 .

pn Personified: Ecna mac na trí ṅDea ṅDana, Imm. in da Th. 139 ( RC xxvi 30 ). Ergna mac Ecnai, 138 . see also cit. above fr. Laws iv 356 .

II Of persons,adj wise, enlightened ; as subst. a wise man, philosopher, sage: n s. æcne (gl. sapiens) Wb. 9c14 . 8d10 . mainba æcne lib if I be not wise in your opinion 17c10 . is and is ecne et is fissid cách, iar n-etarcnu Crist (gl. in quo sunt omnes thesauri sapientiae et scientiae) 26d25 . cith sui cid espoc cith ecna, Ériu vii 138.6 . is angel is ecna nóeb | cech óen dogní toil ind ríg | IT i 319.13 = LL 284b33 . g s. isnaib inscib...ind aecni words of the sage Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.25 ). n p. nitat æcni huili all are not wise Wb. 8a17 . act rísam nem bimmi æcni et bimmi foirbthi uili, 12c9 . d p. arnaib huilib geintib écnib (gl. Graecis opp. to barbaris) 1b6 . nech di æcnib in domuin 8b4 . Of things: is ecnae ind ord preceuptae se, Ml. 68c9 . Compar.: cenn caich...besa ecna who is wiser than he Laws iv 374.4 (see ZCP xiv 369 ).

1 fotha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fotha or dil.ie/24155

 

Forms: fotha, fothu, fotha, fotha, fothai, f., fatha, fotha, fotha, -dha, fothada, f., f.

n o, m. (& n. ?). n s. in fotha , Sg. 4b3 . d s. fothu, Wb. 8c18 . Ml. 120d20 . a s. fotha, BCr. 33b4 . n p. fotha, SR 4245 . fothai, 8081 . Treated as neut. : f.¤ ndeich, Corm. Y 447 . f.¤ n-utmall, Triads 173 (but : in f.¤ utmall, Sg. 4b3 ). f.¤ n-aimser, ZCP viii 195 § 2 (chev.). fatha mbúaidre, BS 30.22 (poem). fatha, fotha m., n p. fotha, -dha, IGT, Decl. § 2 ; pl. fothada, LB 1a52 .

Acc. to Thurn. ZCP xiii 301 <*fo-suide `subsidium', hence

(a) foundation, basis, bottom: cumtach don fothu Wb. 8c18 . for fothu (gl. super basem) Ml. 120d20 ; f.¤ (gl. fundamentum) Sg. 4b3 ; (crepido) BCr. 33b4 . iarsnaib fothib (gl. post ... crepundia ; taken as = crepido ? or fig. ?) Ml. 44c13 . f.¤ .i. fundameint, O'Cl. fundamentum .i. f.¤ , Auraic. 400 . fothai fudomnai domuin, SR 8081 . rochraithit fothada na haibesi, PH 35 ( LB 1a ). a[c] cumdach na catrach, ... a[c] cor a f.¤ , Aen. 304 . co ro toccbhadh cúirte cloch ... da fothaibh fulaing, AFM vi 2012.9 . Base, socle (of a pillar, etc.) : se f.¤ dec. ... do arggot ... dá f.¤ dib cech oenchláir (of boards of Tabernacle = bases argenteas Exodus xxvi 19 ) SR 4245 = se ḟ.¤ ... dí ḟ.¤ , LB 120b30 , se fothai, BB 241b36 . cona fot[h]aib clārda[ib] fotae (fothu v.l.) `tabular bases' (of quivers) CCath. 5452 .

(b) in fig. sense foundation, origin, source , often of persons. ba hiat .xii. f.¤ na heclaisi, LB 146b5 . is iat sin [viz. firta Crist] is f.¤ ┐ is bunad di cech ṡoscela ..., 149a17 . brethem cen f.¤ n-eoluis, Laws v 352z . f.¤ n-utmall eolais, Triads 173 (a `door of falsehood'). Eua ... f.¤ febda fírclainne, SR 1064 . na Fothaig ... f.¤ suith iat, ar ísí cetchlann ruc Fuinche `foundation of offspring' Fianaig. 4.3 . Cormac ... ba f.¤ fondbalc flatha, Metr. Dinds. i 36 . Cf. fer fatha na fregra (epithet of the high-king Domnall ua Neill) BB 50b34 ( MacCarthy 424 ). Fotha bec, F.¤ mór (titles of law-tracts), O'D. 1582 , 1584 ( H 5.15, p. 7a , 7b0 ). An extension of this is : f.¤ ` patterne ' RSClára 36b .

(c) cause, ground, reason: Cf. ciho fothaib son (gl. quibus ... facibus accensi sunt ... ut armari ... non timerent) Ml. 16b19 . f.¤ .i. adhbhar, O'Cl. is he tra f.¤ dia raibe in scel sa, ACL iii 4.8 . sé fatha fiadhnach fa fuil | bás F. the manifest cause from which the death of F. occurred Lec. 311r42 (= cf. f.¤ fiamach, MacCarthy 420 < BB 50b8 ). eg don gargfatha fiadhnach ib. Lec. 311r 41 . creac[h]a ... eir nách bí fōir ná fatha without remedy or reason ZCP viii 226.1 . doróni cói ... ┐ nír bó gan ḟ.¤ dhó, TTr.² 1715 . bud forderg in fatha, is olc tachar flatha | re fatha gan chin, Fianaig. 84. 10 - 12 . conid ed sin f.¤ cocaid Connacht ┐ fer Muman, RC xxiv 186 § 19 . conid f.¤ do chosnum ... ib. is e sin f.¤ aideda Fergusa, Laws i 68.17 . fatha marbtha Eóin ain, Ériu iv 174 § 4 . fatha tuidhechta Mu chua a hUlltaib, Lism. L. 4654 . damhna dér ┐ f.¤ fíorchaoíneadh, AFM v 1616.15 . in fatha ara n[d]eachaid sair the reason he went ACL iii 324.9 . ar in f.¤ sin for that reason Cóir Anm. 102 . ar na fothaibh sin, AFM v 1860.7 . ca fatha um nách fuigbeadh ? why not ? ZCP viii 563 § 25 . don fh.¤ ima roluidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 222 . anba in fatha forceatuil (of the warnings of Doomsday) D IV 2, 89ra (= DDána p. 87 ).

(d) by extension used of landed estate or property (regarded as basis of legal status ?) : f.¤ na n-uasal `property' Laws iii 234.20 . f.¤ ┐ rith (= principal & interest) ; bo dona gradhaibh Feine ina f.¤ ┐ bo for rith ; ... ceithre ba ... itir fotha ┐ rith, H 3.17, c. 549, 10 ; 13 ( Laws iii 234 ). raith laisa mbi f.¤ (.i. ac a mbi bunad tochusa) `a surety who has a basis' v 498.8 , 27 . is cumrachta f.¤ fri flaith, fri heclais, ZCP xii 365.25 . Cf. có saorthar filedha ? O neillghibh airchedail, go bḟotha go bfoirbthethaidh foghloma ..., Ériu xiii 17.34 . Tir da locha forsiung f.¤ , LL 37b7 ( Auraic. 5135 ). Cf. Metr. Dinds. iii 408.20 .

imm-sói

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-sói or dil.ie/27928
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: immesoisiu, imsāi, imsoi, im-suí, imsoidi, immesoither, imsoat, imdasuat, imsoadh, imsaitis, nimparrá, nachnimparrae, nimpád, impob, imsoifitis, imid-rae, impo, imorroiset, impaithi, impáid, impáidid, impádaid, impóid, impóidid, impódaid, impaíd, impaigid, impoidid, impos, impas, impoghas, impoit, impait, impabas, impóbas, impaifes, impóidhfidher, iompábhainn, n-impoighidis, n-impádhbaidis, impáis, iompoidis, impáidis, impodais, impaidh, impaiseat, ro-impóset, impaidhseat, impátar, impoatar, imsāi, ro-impod

v indic. pres. s. 2 rel. immesoisiu gl. conuerteris, Ml. 111a6 . s. 3 imsāi, TBC-I¹ 581. imsoi, LU 8880. im-suí, BDD² 140. With suffix. pron. imsoidi, SR 2121. pass. rel. immesoither, Ml. 61a26 . `p. 3 imsoat, SR 1013. imdasuat, BDD² 143. impf. s 3 imsoadh, RC ix 470.9 . p. 3 imsaitis, SR 1125. subj. pres. s 1 with ro : co nimparrá , TBC-I¹ 24 (an analogical formation, see Ériu viii 126 ). nachnimparrae, Corm. Y 756. subj. past s. 3 connach nimpád , Ml. 122a14 . fut. s. 1 ní impob , ZCP i 134.23 . sec. fut. pass. pl. imsoifitis, Ériu ii 142 § 157. pret. and perf. s. 3 imid-rae, BDD² 501. nochor impo , Ir. MSS. Ser. 178.12 . p. 3 imorroiset, AU i 434.14 .

Verb. necess.: bed impaithi gl. convertando, Ml. 125a8 .

Later impáid, impáidid, impádaid, impóid, impóidid, impódaid : indic. pres. s. 1 impáim-si, ITS Sub. xxvi 84 § 12 . s. 3 impaíd, LU 2114. impaigid, Laws iv 56.18 Comm. impoidid, Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.20 . rel. impos, Laws v 268.25 Comm. impas, 438.1 Comm. impoghas, Stair Erc., 1927 . p. 3 impoit, Laws v 132.15 Comm. impait, Ann. Conn. 1296 § 4. fut. s. 3 rel. impabas, Fél. 76.10 . impóbas, BColm. 66.5 . impaifes, TTr.² 979. pass. impóidhfidher, BNnÉ 123 § 73. sec. fut. s. 3 nach iompábhainn , Aithd. D. 14 § 10. p. 3 go n-impoighidis , Donlevy 90.6 . pass. co n-impádhbaidis , Maund. § 55. pret. s. 3 impáis, TBC-LL¹ 201. iompoidis, 1435 v.l. impáidis, BNnÉ 236 § 160. impodais, IT ii2 131.244 . ro impaidh , Stair Erc. 1713. p. 3 impaiseat, D IV 2, 63rb30 . ro-impóset, PH 3770. ro impaidhseat , AFM ii 1068.12 . ra impátar , TBC-LL¹ 6064. impoatar, RC xviii 268.24 (Tigh.).

I trans. turns round, moves, drives: in dæni immesoither dærgud `the swiftness wherewith a bed is turned,' Ml. 61a26 . imsāi (imsói, LU) int ara ... a carpat fōsom, TBC-I¹ 581. gibe impabas hí fo trí, Fél. 76.10 . imsoe (v.l. dointái) reme na sluagu a Modha, TBC-LL¹ 2815. (sóebchore) impaíd immá cuaird anmand inna pecthach, LU 2114 (FA). imsuíthear in chomlai fri cech ndorus día mbí in gaeth, BDD² 283. roimpai in lestar iarsin ┐ dorochair ass in neim he turned over the vessel, Lat. Lives 9.6 . na himpam in curach acht bíd a erais reme, RC x 52.11 . impáidis a bachla ... fo tri túaith[bél] ina ttimceall, BNnÉ 236 § 160. d'fhéachuin graifne each n-áluinn | leath m'aighthe ní iompábhainn, ITS xl 232.23 . d'impó Cú Ch. a aiged arís ar Emhain, Comp. CC 97.4 . ro-impóset a n-aigthi fri nem, PH 3770. iompaigh chuige an [giall] oile, Matthew v 39. iompa thort `turn over [the page],' O'Gr. Cat. 631 n. 1 . Fig. changes: umsai .i. impaigheadh cach menmain, O'Curry 1907 (< 23 P 3, fo. 23(21)d ).

II In intrans. or semi-reflexive sense with and without infix. pron.

(a) turns round, revolves, rotates:

(i) with infix. pron. : connach nimpád `so that he could not turn himself,' Ml. 122a14 . bithir og a foraire ar nachn-imparrae ┐ nach toirmescae neach so that he may not turn round, Corm. Y 756. imasai ar tuaithbel fo thri fair he revolves, Ériu v 122.2 . manid talam imid-rae `unless it is the earth which has turned round,' BDD² 501 (but LU has immid-róe .i. ro-bris, RC xxii 54 § 56 ). immesoid (?) macuairt in grianbruth etracht sin, Ériu ii 100 § 6. immesoi Ruadán ... ┐ geogoin Goibninn, RC xii 94.25 .

(ii) Without infix. pron. : immesoisiu gl. [quae nullo labore] conuerteris, Ml. 111a6 . imsoi deisell ocus do-thoet ina frithlurg, Trip.² 411. (firmimint) immon talmain ... | imsoi on trath co araile, SR 284. cloc bec bis for cinn in muil | uirri impas in mol, Laws i 140.19 Comm. imsoi cusna húathaib ┐ nos cerband; LU 8880 (FB). imsoadh ina crocend, RC ix 470.9 . imsái cách díb dochum a chéli attacks , IT iii 510.673 . im iomdhaidh nach iompábhainn, Aithd. D. 14.10 .

(iii) With suffix. pron. : imsoidi Eua iarsain | do descain anman Adaim, SR 2121.

(b) turns about, goes, returns:

(i) with infix. pron. : immasói in Mac n-Óc for slict Fuamnaige, IT i 132.14 . doluid Patricc ... or muir immesoí de sut sind tracht, Trip.² 903. dorairngired dó Findabair do t[h]abairt dō ┐ immásōi úadib iarsudiu, TBC-I¹ 1478. timnaiss cauch dib celiubrad di alaili ┐ imdisoat go Alpi they go to A., ZCP iii 247.20 . ima-saí a charpat ┐ a arai co mbaí oc Áth Cliath, BDD² 135. gaibid ... a gaisced ┐ imasai isin chath, TBC-LL¹ p. 863 n. 3 . imdasoad immach iarsin `she used to return out after that,' RC viii 150.16 .

(ii) Without infix. pron. : imsaí ina ndegaidh comdar scítha ind eich, BDD² 137. imsoi as Fergus ar sligi cet loech, TBC-LL¹ p. 872 n. 4 . imsóiset rempu i Sliab Fúait, 1315 . imsaitis for deis | ... | cach dib día adbai co glan, SR 1125. impais co hEspoc Eirc `reversus est ad Ercum,' Lat. Lives 107.4 . cu raimpaset na daim otha sin cusan inad a mbui B., 79.7 . doairig Naeisi sin ┐ impodais ara cenn, AU i 434.14 . imsoi ... con luid for (leg. fon ?) Loch Rudraide, Laws i 74.3 Comm. ag imsoi dia eol .i. agh impos conicce in baile as a tuccad hi `a cow which returns by its knowledge,' v 268.18 , .25 Comm. ma do chuaid i n-ailithre ┐ ro impo esti aris, 124.10 Comm. imsáe reme docum na hEtáile, CCath. 385. impobsa co fesar imthusa in ridiri, D IV 2, 67ra27 . do chuir techta dochum Meic Diarmata ... ┐ impait-sin isin tir lasna techtaib sin, Ann. Conn. 1296 § 4. imsaoi Niall cona Ghallaibh ... dia ttighibh, AFM vi 2226.1 . ro impogh Ercuil for culu ... don cathraigh, Stair Erc. 1356. impuide duinn a fritheing na conuire we must turn back ?, ZCP vi 292.z .

Fig.: achtaigim ... co na himpatur hí for culud d'fine erluma `I decree ... that it be not returned' (of an abbacy), Laws iii 78.8 Comm. acht iompam don sgeol ro thionsgnamar, TFrag. 230.14 . rogeall ... nach impobad isna peccadhaibh cedna doridhisi, D IV 2, 70va20 . immpa co lluath co Dia, PH 236. d'impó sén ┐ soladh uain don toisc so, Comp. CC 99.4 . iompóigh ód fheirg bhuirb, Exodus xxxii 12.

III converts, changes:

(a) trans. bed impaithi .i. a doiri hi soiri gl. convertando, Ml. 125a8 . conidnimpaith bron no [ḟ]āilte, Anecd. v 24.14 . cislir fodhla fil forsan mbrōn imidhsūi (.i. impōs é), ib. 16 . imsoifitis iffirn i ligbotha ┐ i taitnemh richidh `they would be turned into radiances and into the lustre of heaven,' Ériu ii 142 § 157. mara nderna ar Tigerna a cétmírbuil an uair do impádh sé an t-uisci a fín, Maund. § 105. cionnas iompoighthear an tarán agus an fíon a bhfuil agus a bhfeoil Chríosd ?, Donlevy 242.z .

(b) intrans. changes, becomes: impoidid se a naduir na talman `it adopts (lit. changes into ) the nature of the earth,' Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.20 . tipra ... imshoi ildatha fri haimsir cach en-laithi `a well ... which turns to many colours,' Ériu ii 112 § 36.

(c) in theological sense converts:

(i) intrans. do-chí an sciúrsa do-chí an cló | sí don iúlsa nír impó, IGT Decl. ex. 53. adúbradur ... co n-impádhbaidis morán do Serrisdinechaib ... do cum creidmi tritt an mirbuil sin `many Saracens ... should be turned to belief,' Maund. § 55. amhuil do ghuidheas an eagluis ortha ... ionnas go niompóighidís, Donlevy 90.6 .

(ii) trans. do iompō sē na Lumbardaig ... a ccreidium chomhlāin na heclaisi, ZCP xiii 184.2 . gurbh e Eōin do impo iat ō arrait ┐ ō ṡechrān, ib. 14 . pass. ? ro-impod sochaide do Romanchaib fo eris ┐ cretim, PH 287.

IV revokes, annuls, abrogates, reverses (a contract, etc.; generally glosses do-intaí) : do innthai flaith ocus fine .i. uair impaigid in flaith ocus in eclais ocus in fine cach cunnrad, iv 56.8 Comm. cuir nach tindtai in t-athair um a mac .i. nocha n-imponn in t-athair um a mac iatt `the father does not reverse them as regards the son,' Laws v 286.9 Comm. atait tri cuir tindtai mac beo-athar .i. impas mac in athar bi im a athair, 438.1 Comm. do intaiter in chair sin .i. impothar in cor sin, 384.4 .12 Comm. as na tindtaigtear .i. as na himpaither ar cul he, 500.17 Comm. ? To this : suith na hathgabala .i. impait na athgabala in ni hisin im a hanad i laim cintaig, Laws i 98.21 Comm.

V With prepositions.

(a) with FOR, AR turns against, revolts against: imda-suat fair co ngaíb `they turn upon him with spears,' BDD § 13. antí díb so impóbas oram-sae, BColm. 66.5 . ro impá form Finnachta | ní bad airdide a fhine, SG 388.37 . as tridsin do impoatar Ulltaigh ... airsium, RC xviii 268.24 (Tigh.). galar do gabail Muirchertaig ... cor' imposat fir Erenn air, 33.15 . cebe minca ro impodh in toici ríamh ar in Róimh, CCath. 512. do impa for a thigerna `he rebelled against his liege-lord,' Marco P. § 64. cid iat ard-maithe Erenn uile do impobadh ar h-ua n-Ainmirech, MR 148.10 . in tan impoghas in sen orum `when fortune turns against me,' Stair Erc. 1927.

(b) with FO attacks, turns upon: imsói fóithib ... ┐ marbthus iat a cethri firu déac, TBC-I¹ 1681. immsóe in Dond Cualngi fa mnáib ... tíri Cualngi, TBC-LL¹ 6201. imma-sái Conchobar iarsin fo slúag Geirg sechnón in dunaid, IT iii 480.245 . imsói fothu, feochar ngal, | Cú na cath is na comram, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.29 . imasai-sium fuithibh-sium ocus trascraid morfesir dib, RC v 199 § 10. dobert a moghadhu ... leis ┐ imsae futhu, CCath. 2445.

(c) with FRI turns against, attacks: is and-sin imsóe Cuchulaind friu ┐ ra gab bar a slaide ... co ros cuir úad na n-ágib minta, TBC-LL¹ 2977. imsoe Cuchulaind friu-som ┐ eiscis a da cend déc díb, 2911 . imsoítis a claidib fríu in tan dognítis gúchomram `their swords used to turn against them when they would make a false contest,' SCC² § 2 (= LU 3235 ). impais in anim fris-in corp ┐ ercid a ferg fria, PH 8219. frit fein impaifes sin ule, TTr.² 979. roimpo a sen ... ris na Gallaib `their good luck turned against the foreigners,' Cog. 116.2 . roimpaised a eich ris fochetoir da ithi `his horses turned upon him forthwith to eat him,' TTebe 2382 .

sochlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sochlach or dil.ie/38241

 

adj (2 sochla) o, ā famous, renowned : sūi slān sothchernda s.¤ , Bruchst. 48 § 2 . suith Nolae nóen s.¤ , Fél. Jan. 14 .

As subst. a famous person: adcota s.¤ cocorus `a famous person begets good treatment', RC xlv 15 § 26 . ni lia for sochlacha sargnima, O'Curry 2490 ( Eg. 88, 40a ).

soïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. soïd or dil.ie/38322

 

Forms: -oí-, soidid, sóifitir, sóibfitir, soithe, soithib, soud

v Freq. also with diphthong -oí- (-aí-), see GOI § 644 . soidid, IGT Verbs § 42 .

I Intrans.

(a) turns, turns round; returns: no soe gl. averti, Ml. 44b15 . cia inni soas, 123d8 . sōithis Adamnān fri brēitheir a māthar, Cáin Ad. 8 . soissit saer saeth laechdaigh, AU i 294.18 . sóis in mac for cúlu, MU² 174 . acht nad sui for culud, Laws iii 78.6 . muna fitir si ┐ ni soand-sum, v 204.20 Comm . mad dia soa foen ocai, Ériu viii 122.18 . a sóitís dáine deisel, Metr. Dinds. i 24.140 . ba de sain soiset fo thuaid, ZCP viii 118 § 23 . dorat . . . a lā[i]mh ind-agaid an muilind ┐ soais reime ar tuáthbel, BColm. 58.25 . ro sai cen usci `he returned without water', RC xxiv 198.10 . ro sai úa Domhnall ina fritheing, Hugh Roe 136.8 (fo. 36b) . ro soidhsettar in eachraidh isin mhuir, BNnÉ 325 § 43 .

(b) changes: glé rosoí gné Emer, LU 3890 ( SCC 40 ). ro sóe lí, SR 7379 . ra sáit gnéthi da gnúsib, MU² 500 . ara mence soas gné | a gnúis ri úair ṅdochraite, Ériu v 211.78 . nirosoiset na gega do benadh de a ndath féin tria bitu, D IV 2, 42v b45 . s.¤ dath dies: cen tam cen galar soi dath, Fél.² cviii 28 . rosgab claimi, ro soi dath, SR 4641 . da tora rí Macha saifiter a datha, CRR 22 .

II Trans.

(a) turns : niro soí nech díb aiged ind eich in frithlorg, LU 2953 . ? dia faebra fichi cessóe cía bera na sui forellig na tulle miscais, 6637 . bé sues srotha coctha for cúlu, O'Dav. 536 . cu rasoad in lassar . . . in agaid na gáithe, Lat. Lives 94 § 89 . ro-soud in soigit for cúlu co Gargán, PH 7185 . cethra harathru . . . rosoeiset an bhuain doridhisi, Lism. L. 1506 . o' tcualatar Bretnaigh inni sin, soidhit Aodh Guaire for cula doridhisi, BNnÉ 322 § 30 . sóitear cinn na n-each fó dhes, SG 26.21 . ? To this: mad don snadud ron gabthar asrenar log nenech in snaite, ┐ suith na hathgabala in sen co ro gabaiter aitherrach it turns (i.e. ends) the distresses (?), Laws i 92.4 .i. impait in athgabail in ni hisin, 98.20 Comm . With reflexive pron.: sechidú notsoesiu `wherever thou turnest', Ml. 112b6 . With suffixed pron.: soithi as na diaid dar siúir `he goes out after it across the Suir', RC xiv 245.6 . sōithi sī dono (soithsiu dono, soithise dó, v.ll.) īarsin Ronnat co Brugach mac Dedad, Cáin Ad. 12 . sōethe (soete, v.l.) si dono for muin a meic conusrala isin ārmuch, 7 .

(b) turns, changes, overthrows : ru soad gl. peruersa, Ml. 101a6 . soe Crimthan coscrach cing | cet catha clu cohind, Rawl. 116a30 . minic me ar an fhaith[ch]i-si | o rosaoi mo chéill, BS 138.12 . hi t[i]ugnair ticfa cith sóifess in bith uli fri hoenuair, KMMisc. 146.20 . ro-shói fuil do chnáim dó ar imecla, PH 4141 . coro soadh a ainm dó ┐ doratad Mordrens fair, D IV 2, 40ra40 .

(c) turns, converts, perverts : in tu-sa ro-shói mo brathair-si? `art thou he who hast converted my brother?' PH 2127 . in cenél dóine-sea ro-shoiset in uli Iúdaide co na cretit dam-sa, 1751 . togaethfaid sochaide soifid iliu h-é, LL 119b49 .

III With prepp. With A leaves : sai as aridisi, Ériu i 116 § 6 . na soífeadh O Neill as an Mumhan go Beltaine, AFM vi 2164.5 . ro sae esti hi tíribh Gallia, CCath. 201 . With co turns towards : co Issau soid, SR 3055 . ro-sói Pól co Petar ┐ atbert fris, PH 1830 . sóifit ceóil co bachlachu `music will turn unto boors', RC xxvi 40 § 212 . is ann sin rosoei Colmán mac Lenin cusan Coimdid, Lat. Lives 105 § 102 . returns to: sout . . . co tech Guaire, ACL iii 3.26 . soais go a muintir `he returned to his people', Leb. Gab.(i) 78.20 . ro saoi co muinntir Cluana hIraird, BNnÉ 305 § 19 . rosoí cusan maigín asa tainic, D IV 2, 57ra42 . an tan ro shuidhsiot gusan ngobernóir go líon creach, AFM vi 1912.6 . With DO returns: ní soa dondi asa timthach `it does not go to the person to whom the clothing belongs', Ériu ii 206 § 27 . rosod ind arc sa da dam, Rawl. 79a13 . soáidh MacCarrtaigh . . . dia taigh, RC xviii 45.30 (Tig.). With FOR in phrase s.¤ (cath) for overthrows, defeats : rosoied in cath for Tolamir `the fortune of battle turned against T.', RC x 184.28 . soiter for Roen doridhisi ┐ maidheadh fair, AFM ii 814.14 . rosoadh for mharcsluagh na nGall, Hugh Roe 148.7 (fo. 39b) . turns against : do aithe . . . a eccora for ó nDomhnaill ro shóidh an fir-Dhia . . . fair, 258.26 (fo. 69a) . mairg bíos cen bráthair | sóid gái for uathad, SG 364.z . With FRI turns towards, returns to: is ed as slíc . . . foísitiu in mídénma fía[d] doínib ┐ ingell ná[d] soífea friu aithirriuch a promise that he will not turn to them again, Críth G. 311 . soid fri haithrighe, Laws v 202.7 . atchimm in coimdiu . . . co soam ria n-ar cenel that we may be reunited to our kindred, PH 6642 . rosō sidhe friu, ACL iii 311.4 . turns against, attacks : rim-sa ní rosoa do drech, ZCP i 497.7 . frisa saefidis a ndromand, CCath. 2683 . sóidh Hectoir fris ┐ beirid rúathar n-adúathmar adócum, TTr.² 965 . ro shuidh friu as a h-aithle he attacked them, AFM v 1756.2 . With I s.¤ x . . . i y changes, transforms x into y: rasoisitsi ón i ngoi ┐ anfír ye have turned it into falsehood and untruth, Ml. 103c15 . castorpollux ní eperr acht hilar dóib do gres in hilur dano asberr a rind hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73a11 . statim ro soad hi coirm ┐ bolad fina fair, Irish Texts i 10 § 30 . coro sóad i mmil, Trip.² 171 . gabais a nathraig do lár | Moisi . . . | noscroith nodosai i fleisc, SR 3863 . soit a n-écin . . . i toltanche fognoma do Dia, LU 2161 . In pass.: sóifitir i clóini, Wb. 26a21 (leg. sóibfitir, Edd.). sóifither ecna i ssáibbretha, RC xxvi 40 § 214 . in foirenn . . . roptar cendsa fris ar tus ro-soitea i fheirg . . . fri hElizár, PH 6562 . Note also: sóifid fiannas i cella ┐ i cleirchiu championship will give way to cells and clerics, RC xxvi 40 § 213 . acht corosoie for cula i cobais ┐ an aitrigi, D IV 2, 70ra15 . With o turns away from: ceine nosoifesiu húaim, Ml. 33a1 . rosoisset a toil hua thuil dáe, 124c6 . amal soite a slúaig úad, soid a grád ┐ a gráin for cūlu, ZCP xi 86 § 45 . soaid . . . Dia o na doinib . . . in tan sharaigit he, PH 2354 . With RÉ turns before, is defeated by: sáifiter sluaig re secht cléithe slúaig Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 4976 . fiachtar imaireg aindrenda etorra ┐ soither ria Conall C. puts his enemies to flight, ZCP xiv 260.5 . soidit ind fir riam asin taulaig imsoat Lagin ina ndīaid, Otia ii 86 § 4 . nir soiter do gnuis frit naimdiu, ar ro soisiu remamsa since you retired before me, BNnÉ 304 § 16 .

Part. soithe gl. aversum, Ml. 94c15 . honaib soithib , 46c2 .

Vn. soud.

1 suth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 suth or dil.ie/39339
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: soth, suith

n u m. (see GOI § 309 ). Occas. also soth (: loch, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.23 ). g s. suith , Fianaig. 4.3 . IGT Decl. § 72 .

(a) fruit, produce : etrud .i. etar-s.¤ .i. etar madin ┐ fescur. s.¤ .i. torad, O'Mulc. 470 . na sothe .i. ní dofhuisim terra `the products', Sg. 64a14 . as máthir a shotho feissin cach nóen chrann, 65a6 . cunar lans.¤ (gl. occidit in grandine uineas eorum) so that they gave not their full produce, Thes. i 5.14 (leg. cunarbu lánsuth, Thes. ii 415 ). is tre fhír flathemon cach s.¤ sóinmech, ZCP xi 83 § 29 . co ngeiltis a fhér ┐ a s.¤ co lár ┐ co lántalmuin, ZCP v 501.2 (= Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 42.13 ). co na fil . . . s.¤ no torad im-muir na hi tir, PH 4239 . s.¤ nglē (cheville), ML² 146 . s.¤ na talmhan, DDána 74.13 . teas i sín, s.¤ i bhfoghmhar, 99.19 . ? hi teclamar torsuth 'in which produce is gathered' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 134 § 25 (MS.).

(b) offspring, issue, progeny . Of human beings: s.¤ .i. clann, H 2.15A, 182 marg. inf. soth .i. beiriotas, O'Cl. úair ná tarmaltad a s.¤ , LU 4281 . dar cend trín a sotha sláin `in return for a third part of all their progeny', Metr. Dinds. iv 20.19 . is de asbertha na Fothaig friu .i. fotha-suith iat, ar isí cétchlann ruc Fuinche iat do Macnia `a foundation of offspring', Fianaig. 4.3 = tri Fothaid .i. tri fosuith .i. sotha maithi iad . . . .i. fotha sotha iad, BB 254b42 . cétgeine cacha sotha ┐ primgene cacha cloinde `of every issue', Dinds. 85 ( RC xvi 35 ). cuingidh a rīgh raith | go sídh is go s.¤ | rīgan fhēta fhial `for peace and offspring', KMMisc. 276.1 .

Of animals: amal donemat eoin a suthu `as birds protect their young', Ml. 39c22 . érsná súthaib `after the offsprings' gl. depost fetantes, Thes. i 5.33 . ri rosfaillsig . . . | fo lígdath fri didnad s.¤ | fri crínad, fri hurugud (of herbs) for the comfort of creatures, SR 7283 . luidset in soth co sír-blad | cosin loch dia lán-dídnad, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.23 (of pigs). robatar treoit caerach co ndath oir for a n-[o]laind ┐ for a sutaibh lambs, BB 413a14 . intan aipgiges a sotha ina bruinn, CCath. 4143 . s.¤ a chruidh ní théid na theach, IGT Decl. ex. 1559 .

(c) milk (mostly in glossaries): uth .i. ōn tṡ.¤ .i. ōn loimm asberar, Corm. Y 1283 . `glinne' sut[h] co sir-buaine, glossed .i. lacht, Metr. Gl. 3.19 . s.¤ .i. lacht, O'Curry 1488 ( H 3.18, 663 ). nemeth bó .i. nem-s.¤ .i. s.¤ lacht. ar is ō lacht atā nemtenc[h]us do cethra, ut dicitur . . . rocar . . . slēbe in s.¤ , O'Mulc. 830 e . s.¤ .i. lacht, Lec. Gl. 164 . teora ba blechta .i. ba fir a mbeith co s.¤ , Laws i 64.18 Comm . (in gloss on: teora ferba fira, 1 ). bud terc s.¤ na loilghech, ZCP x 50.8 . Note also (or to súg?): batar . . . sochaide . . . i ngallruib examla . . . do'n t-shúth nime ticed do'n draic sin, PH 2491 . o shúth nemi na nathrach, 2509 .