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1 cor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cor or dil.ie/12406
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cur, car, cora, cura, cara, -uir, cora

n o, m. Later also cur, car, cora, cura, cara. Vn. of fo-ceird. c.¤ car (an tsíl ┐ na bḟíach ┐ na sligheadh ┐ fuaras . . . ┐ atá orum) . . . c.¤ (an eich . . . car an eich .l.) g s. -uir, m., IGT Decl. § 69 . cur (an tsíl) g s. cora m., § 70 . cura cora cara (an tṡíl) m., § 2 . Verbs § 58 . c.¤ a curvo , O'Mulc. 369 . in c.¤ , 499 . fuirmeal .i. cur, O'Cl.

1 act of putting, placing; setting up, etc. in a wide variety of contexts: mórfessiur . . . oc c.¤ cacha h-óenslaite (of building a house), LU 8059 ( FB 2 ). áes feig . . . do ch.¤ i n-óenfecht dia saichthin to send, 6145 (TBC). gan Aenach C. do c[h]ur not to hold, Ériu xviii 62 § 20 . ? ar c.¤ bissexa, LL 17463 . a chur ind `it shall be forfeited', Laws i 160.15 Comm. bid teora bliadna os úir gen a cur (of transplanting trees), Marco P. 165 . gan cur ná treabhadh soisgéoil planting, Mac Aingil 5005 . ? ac cur na sáraighthedh dictating the cases of s., O'Gr. Cat. 120.2 . clú M. ar c.¤ a caemna `has established her protection', Studies 1920, 419.12 . c.¤ eich spurring on a horse, Aithd. D. 77.27 . gan inghean . . . ré cur síoda ná gréis `wearing silk or embroidery', Keat. ii 2770 . an fhuinneóg . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta = garnished with a strong grate of iron, RSClára 93b . ag cur chru `shoeing a horse', AFM iv 694.18 . ? sciath . . . do chur ber ┐ sleg ┐ saiget for . . . warding off(?), LL 24895 .

2 In figura etymologica: ní chuirfi c.¤ búada de `will not win thereby', Trip. 78.9 . noconfōicher c.¤ dia chind he won't stir his head, TBC-I¹ 706 (cf. ni lamad c.¤ de he dared not budge, LU 726 ). co rolád c.¤ isin dúnad take a turn round the camp, 154 (LU). asbér is c.¤ roda lláus immudu that I have simply lost it, TBFr. 168 . ba he met rolad c.¤ dia indtleacht na hingine such an impression was made on the girl's mind, ZCP xiii 262.20 . is níor fhéad c.¤ do chur dhi could not stir it, DDána 102.25 . Note further: do ghrádh ód thriath ná till ch.¤ `turn not by a single point thy devotion away', Magauran 2362 .

3 act of throwing, casting : c.¤ .i. urchor, O'Cl. di ch.¤ cruinn da-cer dul issa mmuir `from casting (the) lot' (gl. de ligno sortis), Tur. 132 . c.¤ cloiche (a game), Celtica viii 149.21 . cur clach, Cóir Anm.² i 179 § 10 . cur liac putting the stone, RC ix 454.18 . c.¤ ṅdeiled, Ériu iv 30.10 . ag cur dhísle, Studies 1923, 599 § 15 . foscaigthe na crann do chur fó thuaid don gréin that the trees were casting shadows, CCath. 1581 . gan fhuil a chnis / do ch.¤ , Ériu xvi 134 § 53 . le car snechta, IGT Decl. ex. 246 . lé linn . . . na gceath soin do chur, Keat. ii 2287 . Hence of feats, etc.: oc cur in rothclessa performing , LU 8844 . ag c.¤ iomána, RC xxix 116 § 13 . Note also: le cur claidem by plying the sword. Hy Fiach. 190.z . Of sounds: c.¤ ndelma, Ériu xvi 82.34 . a ngair ag a cur uttering cries, RC xiii 7.7 . Freq. of battles, slaughters, etc.: robu coscrach dia chur / a gleten fri diäbul `he was victorious from fighting his battle', Blathm. 175 . dotháet c.¤ mo diberga de, LU 7067 = BDD² 658 (`plundering', Gloss.). gan cath do c[h]ur, Ériu xviii 62 § 23 . ar cur āir after inflicting slaughter, BColm. 90.19 . fer cora choscair, IGT Decl. ex. 729 . Note also: corrthuafail (= c.¤ thuaithbil ?) gaoithe whirlwind , Corp. Astron. 112.17 . gaotha corr-thuaithbhil, 160.24 .

4 act of letting go, discarding : grís chaomh ar car a smáil, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 . ag car chnúais, ex. 594 . gach cnú chorr ag cur a bláoisce, KMMisc. 172.31 .

5 In a variety of idioms with prepp. (only a small selection can be given from a very wide range, especially where the later lang. is concerned): c.¤ lame ardodced getting involved in misfortune, Wb. 29b18 . car Mhoighe Aoí ar aitreabhadh renewing husbandry in Mag nAí, MS. Mat. 564.21 . c.¤ ar comrād fri canōin `intentness on (?) conversing with the canon', Ériu ii 65 § 11 . barr do chara ar an gceól gcrot, Studies 1919, 612 § 6 . dom char ort, DDána 90.12 `commending me to thee', Ir. Monthly 1920, 53 . ag cur mheic ar ḟer nÍ. imputing to, IGT Decl. ex. 1266 . cur chuca `interfere with them', TSh. 10169 . eolas gacha conaire no cingfitis do chur go crích doibh to lead them all the way wherever they went, BNnÉ 51 § 40 . ainm in míl-sin cen chur de (chev.; in full? precisely?), Metr. Dinds. iii 428.41 . cen a ch.¤ de, ZCP viii 268 § 44 . atá an chruinne dom chur (v.l.) dhí is discarding me, Dán Dé xxviii 24 . c.¤ gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.14 . ag cur do chum an bhaile do ghabhail attempting, AFM v 1846.1 . C. . . . do ch.¤ do cum báis, vi 2368.15 . xx tunda fina do cur fo tir were cast ashore, Ann. Conn. 1310.10 . ic a cur for dail mbicc treating it as a small matter, CCath. 5014 . dám thrír táncatar ille / dá cur ra (= fri) Find, LL 29302 `sich . . . zu gesellen', Festschr. Stokes 9 . cur ré tuicsin cumacht an Airdrig to attempt to understand, Ériu ii 146 § 165 . decair c.¤ ré draoidheacht ndéin contend with, Duan. F. i 40.21 . cur red chlú ní chúala adding to, competing with, the equal of(?), A. Ó Dálaigh iv 1 . With i n-agaid, see agad, aiged ar c.¤ hi far selbad-si `putting ourselves into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . is c.¤ anma [ ] i mod confuses the spirit, Ériu xx 196 § 21 . cara im cheann to oppose me, Dán Dé xix 20 . Cf. 1 cenn dia c.¤ i cóic dividing it into five, Ériu iv 154.6 . a chur a gcrích uile = the whole disposing thereof, Proverbs xvi 33 . cach dá chur sin a n-ingnad air everyone marvelling at that, BCC 85 . gan iad féin le chéile ag cur `that they pull not together', O'Gr. Cat. 408.10 . rígh is sochair lén doirbh cur whom it is difficult to oppose, Content. xiv 55 . gan c.¤ le gan laghdugadh without addition, ZCP ii 350.10 . c.¤ do sétche uáit putting away thy wife, Wb. 10a21 . iar n-a chur roimhe rí Alban do ghairm de féin proposing, Keat. i 206.70 . do ch.¤ súlae taris `to cast my eyes over it', Mon. Tall. 136.22 . in c.¤ tar cenn gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . 72b12 . 99d7 . huan ch.¤ dar cénn gl. auersione, 118a15 .

6 With follg. adv.: iar na chur amach . . . co `after it had been reported . . . that', AFM vi 2226.16 . ? Íosa 's a dhá asbal déag / deacroide cur re a gcoimhéad / brath 'n-a mbun ó thigh do tigh / cur a-mach ar an muinntir, Dán Dé xxi 22 . ? is ferr do neoch a ch.¤ ass to give up (of unrequited love), LU 3943 ( SCC 44 ). ni bhi ga chur as ach sibal an re there is nothing interfering with it, Ir. Astr. Tr. 102.10 . ar mhórán do reachtaibh . . . iar n-a gcur síos written down, Keat. ii 4739 . teampall chille R. do ch.¤ suas `was re-erected', AFM iii 590.16 . cur suas de Dhia to renounce, O'Rah. 295.16 . óna neithibh atá agam' ch.¤ timcheall = a circumdantibus me, TSh. 4264 .

Transferred meanings.

7 leap, twist; throw (in wrestling): ro lá c.¤ n-iach n-erred de i n-arda, MU² 952 , cf. 1 eó, eú . c.¤ fo laim [no prep] (of a horse), Laws iii 180.17 Comm. tuc léim láidir ┐ car, SG 26.28 . troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529 . c.¤ arrachta `a powerful throw', Stair Erc. 1136 . Cf. rolá in scrín . . . curu dí, Fél. 76.38 .

8 twist, coil : anncoir gorm fa choraibh do chábla, óir, MR 349.z . snas donn a cúil 'na caraib, Prolegomena 45 § 27 . c.¤ d'irbull in dragun a timcill an leogain, ZCP vi 61.16 . ro latraigseat curu imm na cathaib `umkreisten', Alex. 247 = ro lasat curudu, etc,. ZCP xxx 113 .

9 twist, detour, circuit in road, etc.: curu gl. giros, BCr. 18b2 . do bretha c.¤ n-imruill fothuaid ┐ fodess do na sluagaib were led astray, LL 7931 (TBC). ar doirthi na c.¤ `des Weges', ZCP xxx 136.10 (Alex.). téid c.¤ seach an gcathraigh neamhdha `takes a course past Heaven', Dán Dé xxxi 21 . c.¤ sligheadh, PBocht 3.25 . c.¤ fo chosán = cenn fa eite (punctuation mark in Ir. MSS.), O'Don. Gram. 434 . Fig. do choraibh trúagha an talmhan vicissitudes, IGT ex. 770 . biaid cur da findfam there is a way of finding out, MU² 879 . c.¤ .i. cuairt, O'Cl.

10 tune, melody : c.¤ .i. ceol, O'Cl. cass c.¤ cuirt[her] guth ín luin, IT iii 19 § 53 . do sinn slithi senma cuir ┐ puirt, Fianaig. 58.14 . lucht athlaimhe ar choraibh ceoil, DDána 17.19 . ag senm a ch.¤ (a bird), IGT Metr. Faults§ 61 . ? nōnbor āesa cerdd[a] ina sessam imbi oc cur na clīara, Corm. Y 141 = occantain (no ocur), Corm. 7 .

11 In phrases: in cursa this time, LL 7650 (TBC). na bris dúin cairptiu . . . meni bethe ar in t-ṡluagud-sa a ch.¤sa, 8211 `now', TBC-LL² 648 . den chursin `in that moment', Mon. Tall. 148.14 . don chur sa, LU 6303 . dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . cedna cur, AFM ii 800.2 . ar ch.¤ éigin = aliquo modo, Rial. S.F. 1691 . ar éunch. at all (after neg. vb.), Parrth. Anma 2448 . gan a deunamh ar ch.¤ ar bith, Rule of Tallaght 27 . ar aonch.¤ ar bith, Párl. na mB. 308 . ar chor oile = aliter, TSh. 6482 . ar an uile ch.¤ in every way, A. Ó Dálaigh l 2 . ar dhá ch.¤ `for two reasons', PBocht 13.21 . ar gach c.¤ in every way, Measgra D. 70.15 . as gach cur, Anecd. ii 62 . ar an gc.¤-sain thus, Dán Dé xviii 19 . ar an gc.¤-sa, O'Hara 1413 . ar an gc.¤ gcéadna, PBocht 13.19 . ar an cc.¤ ad-chluinti `in the way you have heard', O'Hara 3098 . Cf. is é c.¤ ar a ráinig ríoghacht Éireann C. this is how, etc., Keat. ii 3701 . imon c.¤ cedna, Ériu viii 36.25 . c.¤ fri c.¤ together (?), ZCP v 487 § 15 . c.¤ nach ffiorfa an fháisdini `so that he shall not bring the forecast true', Duan. F. ii 56.31 . ar ch.¤ nach feas dó, TSh. 740 . In phr. ar chur in the power of, at the mercy of, at the disposal of: coíca laech ara chur, Metr. Dinds. iv 320.1 . ar mo ch.¤ , Content. xiv 53 . ar chur ┐ fa smacht Easpuig na Rómha, Keat. iii 11 . Hence in Keat. c.¤ ar power over: cur ┐ cumas aige . . . ar an eagluis (Peter), Eochairsg. 6.37 . cur ag an mbás ar na seacht ndrongaibh úd, TSh. 7893 .

Legal.

12 contract . `Irish equivalent of the stipulatio of Roman law, the solemn verbal contract', Críth G. p. 81 . Freq. c.¤ bél (where bél simply limits the general meaning of cor act of putting; not properly verbal as oppd. to written contract , which does not occur in early Irish law, Thurn. ZCP xv 307 - 8 ). Later in more general sense of bond, bargain, agreement, guarantee, undertaking , etc.: c.¤ bēl, Cóic Con. 71.15 . cuir ┐ cundartha, 20.10 . for curu bél, Críth G. 279 . cur (d s.) ┐ chairddiu, 373 . cintaib cuir (coir, MSS.) `to liabilities arising from contract', 339 . ni c.¤ c.¤ for nemthe. for eglais. for fhlaith. for éigsi, Ériu xiii 23.26 . cair cis lir chuir dochuisin? Nin. A do; sochar, ┐ docor, Laws iii 4.5 . acht na cuic curu ata taithmechta la feine, i 50.y . tellach tar curu bel `entry notwithstanding verbal agreement`, v 210.2 . raith fuasluictar coraib `a surety who is freed from contracts', 340.18 . fiadnaisi .i. fiadæ ro nass in c.¤ , O'Mulc. 499 . dentar lib iarṁbes cech cuir/ . . . / edpart matinda, SR 4401 . o roscarsatar ar cuir since our bargain no longer holds (?), 1725 . in c.¤ amra ronenaisc .i. comruc re hēnfer, TBC-I¹ 1185 . c.¤ . . . ┐ faesam rīg Hērenn . . . fair-sium protection (?), Fing. R. 939 . fā choraibh ag cliaraibh, O'R. Poems 2036 `under bonds', Gloss. ná táeb ré c.¤ Conaillech, IGT Decl. ex. 713 . liom gé madh maith an c.¤ chuinghim request , Measgra D. 61.103 . gurab uime do rinde se cuir re lucht na cathrach covenant, ZCP xi 140.12 . aitherrach cuir do ch.¤ don choróin `to transfer the crown', AFM vi 2258.13 . c.¤ nō oibliogāid riagla . . . S. Clára = the obligation of the Rvle, RSClára 145b . Of marriage-contract : issé dorigne curu a mathar fria athair, BColm. 6 § 7 . tucusa c.¤ ┐ coibchi duit amal as dech teít di mnaí, LL 7589 (TBC). maith risin mnáoi si amuigh / amhuil mur snadhmar a cuir, KMMisc. 346.19 .

13 Later in sense surety, guarantor (cf. aitire, naidm(m), 1 ráth): caide c.¤? tricha fear; caide arrae cuir? coic fir déc, O'Curry 347 ( H 3.18, 191 -2). c.¤ .i. urraidh téid an urradhas, O'Cl. it cora a fine fadeisin forra, Laws v 128.18 . fiacha do thobairt a laim an cuir, O'Curry 299 ( H 3.18, 165 ). cata cuir condaigi? . . . Na trí gillai etc., MU² 72 . Rauphel lium doráith / os cind cecha cuir, KMMisc. 255.1 . cuir ┐ rátha, Duan. F. iii 246 . ná (leg. na?) cuirsi do dheimnigh dún / na cuisne eighridh d'ḟadúdh, IGT Decl. ex. 368 . Note also: coro greis in t-ōclach na curu i cenn in rig .i. muir ┐ gaeth ┐ grian ┐ eoitheoir ┐ firmaimint, Dinds. 81 ( RC xvi 32 ). Less explicitly: tecait cura daingne dó, Metr. Dinds. iii 178.153 . ni epér . . . co m-bet cuir dam fria `pledges', MacCongl. 23.1 . neart ar do choraibh ┐ ar do shlāntaibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 996 . In follg. late exx. the pl. form prob. means guarantee(s), undertaking, term(s): ro naidhmsiot a ccura . . . amhlaidh sin, AFM vi 2172.2 . gur ro naidhm a cura fris `league', iii 126.13 . tugadar cuir ┐ slána do Mhogh N., ML 8.12 . ro naidhmset a ccura friss `they . . . fixed terms with him', Hugh Roe² 132.13 .

In later lang. in various transferred and Fig. meanings.

14 Attrib. g s. cuir. Precise meaning unknown. See TD 1.6 note. go Cruachain cuir, Fen. 182.20 . C. P. na g-call g-cuir, Hy Fiach. 46.10 . Of trees etc. (us. transl. planted): a lubhghort cuir, SGS iv 66 § 29 . an dá chraoibh chuir `those two firm planted branches', Magauran 2064 . Of buildings: teaghdhais chumhang na gcloch gcuir `piled stones', PBocht 27.19 . sluagh na síodh ccorrbhroghach ccuir `strong round-terraced elf-mounds', O'Hara 3329 . asin cloich cuir (in wall), LB 157a63 . Note further: fear . . . go gcuirnín cuir, Hackett xliv 48 . ón chliabhán chuir, Duan. F. ii 62.y . in treas cleitin cuir `casting javelin', 24.17 . for cai cuir `upon the road of a circuit' (of poets), Auraic. 2221 . ? cá bhfuil fós caomhnuime gcuir (not transl.), Content. xxviii 62 (see cunnuimne). a haon trí céd cadla cuir, AFM i 562.1 .

15 act of overthrowing, defeating; defeat, reverse : a ch.¤ do Bh. `he has been outdone by B.', Magauran 225 . tearc flaitheas nach fuighe c.¤ `few kingdoms escape unshaken', Ir. Review 1912, 376 § 6 . fuair T. c.¤ `reverse', Content. v 101 . ? don tsaoghal so an chuir, Párl. na mB. 2179 .

16 state, condition, plight : dia do ch.¤ `awful calamity', PBocht 1.19 . c.¤ an phobuil, DDána 35.9 . an c.¤ do-chiam fúthaibh, 26.2 . cruth cen chēill, dōiriu cach c.¤, is neime i n-ōrlestar worse than anything, ZCP vi 267 § 2 . trúagh c.¤ chloinne Hādhuimh, ii 583.16 .

17 act of tiring; tiredness, fatigue (late; always cur): on brig arna cur = a virtute defatigata, Rosa Angl. 272.19 . a h-aitli tsaetair no cuir, RC xlix 5 § 2 . daóine do chur to weary men, Isaiah vii 13 . ? cen séis, cen cur, cen cumsanad, Laud 610, 25d (Plummer MS notes). ? bean is clann gá cur, IGT Decl. ex. 1117 .

18 V. freq. in later lang. in adv. phr. car(a) (seldom c.¤) in cháemlaí (-laithi) all day long, the livelong day : car an chaomhlaithi, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . car gach aon laithe, Fl. Earls 142.32 . car an chaoimhlaoi, A. Ó Dálaigh l (50) 34 . cara(?) in caomh-laī, Feis Tighe Chonáin 379 . c.¤ an caomlaoi, Grail 2759 . Also: car an chargais during the whole of Lent, BNnÉ 149.38 . c.¤ ind erraigh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 77.34 . car an ḟaghamhair, IGT Decl. ex. 950 . car an geamraidh, ex. 339 .

19 Meaning doubtful or obscure: is blicht la mnāi cur ar is donaite cach tua[th]bel, O'Mulc. 754 . dia coraib, Anecd. i 6.4 ( SCano 156 `agitations?' Gloss.). ba ard cīsel choscair chain / Cormac co n-āni a chuir, ZCP xi 109 § 21 . in mbuithib (leg. inb-) cor a saithe `at the time of the departure of his own swarm', Laws iv 190.13 . fear saor is a bhladh dá bhrath / dá char gion gur caomh a dhreach, DDána 91.6 (to 16?). thainig [siad] do'n chur to the place(?), Oss. vi 62 . ocus tuille: car beg da derbad inntaithmech in focail is aireacht the analysis of the word a. gives some additional proof(?), O'Curry 2272 ( Eg. 88, 20 (21)c ). trí fichid . . . gan ch.¤ and no more(?), Keat. Poems 1185 .

20 Compds. ? measam cundrada carlínad `the worst bargain is fulfilling a contract', ZCP xvii 69 § 7 ( ACL iii 230.153 ). crithre corphort sparkling melodies, Studies 1923, 598 § 11 . ? ba rechtaid críche / corsir `long enduring in contract', Celtica vi 234.y ( coirsear, Laws iv 16.22 ) = corsir .i. focard gulla .i. clocha, a cennaib a aile siu ┐ tall iar ngabail a tirí, O'Curry 849 ( H 3.18, 385b ). conclanna . . . corshnadmanacha (in wrestling), MR 254.26 . See abratchor, 1 gúala, tenchor.

súil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súil or dil.ie/39215
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: súile, súl, súileadh, súl(a)

n i, f. In later lang. also with g s. súile, g p. súl (see Measgra Uí Chl. 150 § 21 n . ), súileadh. IGT Decl. § 92 .

I

(a) eye: sūil quasi sol, ar is treithi atā soillsi do duine, Corm. Y 1129 . suil a sole , O'Mulc. 450 . aní adchí s.¤ , Wb. 4a25 . donnéicci s.¤ sochude, 9a4 . a mmág rogab s.¤ , 12a25 . éccid in sróin s.¤ bél, KZ xxxi 245 ( Ardm. 219b1 ). comtar forréili a dí sh.¤ , Hy. v 42 ( Thes. ii 338 ). cia chondesin far súli, Wb. 19d24 . tairbertar súili fri deícsin maith, 25c23 . issí briathar súle . . . a cumgabal suas dochum ṅdǽ, Ml. 138a2 . hua sulib, 112b12 - 13 . sulib gl. oculis, Tur. 84 . rir accobor a sula .i. ro rec ar Dia cach ní rob accobor ria s.¤ , ACC 71 ( RC xx 262 ). daigh neich andiaigh a shula, IT i 123.17 (TE) (cf. meaning II below). cutrumma a dá sula, LU 8984 ( FB 74 ). ar cúic súili déc desa do chaechad dó, BDD² 1130 . is mer inimat sula it is a finger in many an eye (prov.?), RC vi 184.z . do di suil, Irish Texts i 6 § 17 . silled na súl, PH 7795 . oculus pro oculo .i. suil ar son sula, O'Curry 2255 ( Eg. 88, 18 (19)d ). cin sula, di aithniu no foircsiu mignima visual crime, Laws i 238.13 . aithne sula, v 196.2 . némhann ar lár a lethshúl .l., IGT Decl. ex. 1643 . a suile do beith ag dul ón a mathair that his mother was losing her sight, BCC 274.11 . a shuil mhall (to a person), Irish Texts ii 32 § 12 .

(b) In phrases. g s. or g p. as attrib. béim súl(a) harmful, baleful glance, evil eye (?): etlod tri ormath .i. in drochrusc (béim súla, drochsúil, v.ll.) 'stealing away through envy, i.e. the evil eye' Celtica xxiv 35 . in tetla tre formad imorro .i. in beim sula sech mas ma duine dana bés do gres beim sula seccib ni risir imich, O'Curry 980 ( H 3.18, 423a ). a lámh dar bhean an béim súl (of jealous glances), L. Cl. A. B. 208.1 , cf. 32 . béim súla ┐ goin ghrádha, IGT Decl. ex. 989 . aigmhéil dá bharr | béim súl ar chách re a chladhfhaicsin others are consumed with jealousy when they look at its ripples (?) (of a lady's hair), DDána 114.8 . la brafad súla in the twinkling of an eye, LU 2103 ( FA 17 ). palpetratione (leg. palpebratione) .i. amail chath sula (of two persons trying to stare each other out of countenance), Ériu iv 182 . ? fiach sula suidhe gu trian tres airgsi .i. is é in tres ni as a fuil fiach dunacaithi air beith aga fechain, O'Curry 1002 ( H 3.18, 427b ). gealan na súl gl. tunica sclerotica, Ir. Gl. 168 . ingelt súili sochaidi `grazing for the eyes of a multitude, i.e. an attractive spectacle' (Gloss.), BDD² 1032 . lán súl(a) attractive sight, cynosure : ní bhréagfadh lán súla sinn | do chlár Úna, DDána 88.33 . lán súl is croidheadh ó gCuinn, Content. xxv 5 . mac Úna atám ar a thí | ní rí mo lán súla acht sé only he can satisfy my glances (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1644 . cóir leannán 'na lán súla, TD 6.11 . a lán súl do ghasraidh Ghréag (to a person), Keat. Poems 1296 . lí súla = prec.: lí sula do andrib, LU 3854 ( SCC 38 ). teora . . . ferba fon aenerc necoscc iter lathi Lúgba lí súla sochar, RC xxiv 122.8 (li sulai, v.l.). lī sūla sochaidi (of a saint), ACL iii 220.14 . mac súla: is astudi is techta a[th]cor mac sula ┐ sanaisi acknowledged son, Laws iii 542.7 (see Gloss. s.v. sanais). mac sula saighid seilbh ciasa mothar .i. . . . cidh dorcha a breth, O'Dav. 1245 . mionn súl(a) = lán, lí súl(a) s.v. 1 lí: a mhionn súla sochoidhe, TD 33.5 . mionn súl Eirinn anath cliath the delight of Erin's eyes, Rel. Celt. ii 302.1 . a nuaimhionn súl fhear n-Éireann, Aithd. D. 88.21 .

With verb and follg. prep.: dotuit uile fris mbí s.¤ `all that meet the eye', Metr. Dinds. iv 244.49 . créad nach tugtar leat mar sin | s.¤ ar Cheallachán Caisil `spare a glance', Content. xviii 144 . tug s.¤ seacha `looked up', Keat. iii 1019 . tug s.¤ tar a ghualuinn, Rel. Celt. ii 188.29 . oc cur sūlae tar a frithgnam taking a look at, Corm. Y 825 (69.17) . co rolsat s.¤ tairsiu, LU 3782 ( SCC 35 ). co laifitis a namhaitt s.¤ forra ar dhinnimhe ┐ deroile an chonganta `would look down on them', Hugh Roe 266.27 (fo. 71a) . in ts.¤ dogensa fris the way I shall look at him, LU 5184 (TBC). s.¤ cháirech eter da rethi gnii-siu etrum-sa ┐ Eogan (to Deirdre), IT i 82.1 . na duin . . . an suil mongduinn red muintir do not reject your people, Prolegomena 43 § 21 . teid suil Eirend a nUltaibh Ireland is watching Ulster (?), Irish Texts ii 108 § 34 . ní thóguibh s.¤ does not look up, L. Cl. A. B. 191.51 .

With follg. prep.: s.¤ ar theach na trócuire to catch sight of, PBocht 17.33 . an céacht ar ar chuiris láimh | s.¤ romhad air níorbh fhuráil you must keep an eye on it, Content. xiv 2 . s.¤ d'Albain to look towards Scotland, Aithd. D. 29.4 . s.¤ i gcuid mo chomhursan `to look at my neighbour's goods', A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 5 . s.¤ gun chailligh dhuibh 'n-a dheoidh `she began to yearn for him', PBocht 11 A.16 . ní uil agam . . . | acht s.¤ n-a deaghaidh . . . | mo mhoirn ó fhearaibh Éireann I can now only look back on the honour I had, Aithd. D. 33.4 .

With prec. prep.: ar s.¤ visible, Wb. 27c9 . táthunn ní as nessa | ar ar s.¤ salm sobail `before our eyes', Fél. Prol. 218 . ? ainmne fri cech ndaidbre n-úir | nī bí ar sūil ní doreith, ZCP vii 498.4 . gach olc do shíor im shúilibh perpetually in view, DDána 10.18 . ar mbeith i súilibh sluaigh Bearnais having been before the eyes of, Studies 1927, 437 § 7 . tar a shúile unknown to him (?) (notes), DDána 83.8 .

(c) Extended applications: co snigtis richsi teined a suilib a mér from the tips of his fingers, Dinds. 62 ( RC xv 460 ). innus nach fédtar a gabáil fo tshúilibh na mér (of a stone), O'Gr. Cat. 272.3 . suil t'ordoigi, Irish Texts v 4.14 . gae glas co sulib glaini studs, rivets (?), RC xxii 398.8 . (BDD Eg.).

II Hope, expectation .

(a) ar slāinti, ar sūil (i.e. God), ZCP viii 205.12 . s.¤ nach bia s.¤ a samhail | s.¤ sgaraidh re Dia as doiligh the thought of parting from God, DDána 24.10 . do chuaidh mo sh.¤ tar mo chuid, Dánta Gr. 88.1 (cf. Ir. Prov. 342 ). dol lem sh.¤ gé do shireadh `though it sought to please me' (i.e. the world), PBocht 3.25 . saor-Mhuire a s.¤ dil her true hope (i.e. of Ireland), Studies 1927, 89 § 23 .

(b) With follg. fri (ré): ni dechaidh a suil fri a mbethaidh they had no hope of survival, CCath. 2787 . co na raib s.¤ duine dh'feraib Eirenn ris, Acall. 5286 . ba hesidhe enghaoidhel as móa re a raibhe suil ag fearoibh Ereann, AFM iii 512.5 . daig ní (sic leg.) hé a suil fein no biad re socra da cuirtea in cath `they themselves could have no hope', Cog. 130.3 . do sh.¤ re brugh na mbeannocht in hope of heaven, Studies 1920, 569 § 26 . mairg macaomh ré n-a mó s.¤ on whom highest hope was set, 1927, 436 § 1 . a chroinn rén cóir s.¤ `O Cross, my hope', PBocht 5.45 . s.¤ re lenmhuin na mbreath bheire hoping to imitate your judgements, L. Cl. A. B. 240.87 . iad ag seargadh s.¤ re bás withering away in the expectation of death, Dánta Gr. 9.26 .

(c) With fri (ré) and vn. construction: R. . . . fear lé raibhe suil na sochaidhe do gabhail comarbais a athar the man the host hoped would succeed his father, AFM iv 1164.6 . atá mo sh.¤ re cáirdeas d'fághail uaidh, ML 42.12 . s.¤ lém bhreith aithfhreagra truim `expecting me to give you a weighty answer', Content. xviii 129 . do sh.¤ re hanáir nach athraigh | d'fhagháil dúinn, DDána 17.33 . s.¤ ré fear éanuaire d'fhaigsin, TD 29.25 . do sh.¤ re sochar d'fhaghbháil uaidh, Keat. i 76.37 .

(d) Other constructions in affirmative sense: dochuaidh suil isan siubhal hopes have been set on the expedition, Irish Texts ii 90 § 31 . dā mbiadh s.¤ ag muinntir Iffrinn go bhfuighdís fúrtacht, ZCP iv 432.17 . s.¤ do thabhairt suas air thrócaire an tighearna `look towards the mercy of God', Donlevy xi 19 . air sh.¤ luach `in view of . . . hire', 100.3 .

(e) benaid, cuirid, téit s.¤ de loses hope of, despairs of: suil do rígh nar ben Banba that B. has not lost hope of a king, Irish Texts ii 66 § 21 . ar mbuain a sul d'furtacht d'faghail, BCC 435 (454.16) . s.¤ do chor do chobhair despair of help, PBocht 4.34 . ar s.¤ do char ó chobhair, L. Cl. A. B. 75.126 . téid s.¤ do chrábhadh ar gceall, Arch. Hib. i 84 § x . ar s.¤ do choisde do chuaidh `vanished my hope from the bench', A. Ó Dálaigh v 7 . Note also: 's gan s.¤ aguinn arís do theacht, Oss. iv 246.3 .

Compds.

(a) With adjj. ¤ard: ná bí suilbhir nó súlárd ag féchuin don taoibh-si ┐ don taoibh eili lively (?), inquisitive (?) (when going to confession), Mac Aingil 293.15 . ¤chorr: re mac inghini Anna . . . | risin rēidh seangdann shūlchorr, ZCP xii 367.12 . Eochu séimh súlchorr, Irish Texts iv 50.7 . ¤chruinn: na serrach sulchruinn, CCath. 4958 . ¤glas: cendchaema cosmaile sulglasa, TTebe 730 . mor . . . d'occmnaibh . . . sulglasa, Cog. 42.17 . ¤gorm: Mael sūlgorm Seachlaind, ZCP viii 230 § 8 . a ri sulghorm Sleibhe Fuaid, Irish Texts ii 71 § 19 . ¤mall: muinter shubhachain shulmhall, LL 394.14 . gu faca aeinlenabh ann, | data saeirleabhar súl-mall, Ériu iv 116 § 19 . ¤mass: tri bliadna Mailchoba chaiss | a .xu. Subne sulmaiss, LL 130a11 . ? ¤mer: mul macha sorb sulmer, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433 ). ¤radarcach: narub . . . sul-radarcach `gaping around', MR 126.2 . ¤remar: Siabarchend mac Sulremair, TFerbe 165 .

(b) With nouns. ¤bascad injury to the eyes : riotsa féin adubhrattar | . . . | Goll o fuaruis sulbasgadh, Duan. F. i 12 § 39 . ¤chor look, glance : fo-cherd a suil-chor issin tig glanced into the house, IT i 144.16 . ¤gnais ( ¤gnás?): is iat na tri fira is luga a fenechus: lorg ┐ briathar ┐ suilgnais . . . a sulgnais on ceill maith gan urlabra `Augengegenwart', Cóic Con. 42 § 63 .

1 tar, dar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tar, dar or dil.ie/40049
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dar, tar, dar, tar, dar, dar, tair, thar, tairis, thairis, tarsin, darsin, tarsa, darsa, tar, dar, tarsna, darsna, dar, darna, tarna, tar, darm, tarmu, dar, tar, darth, tart, tardo, tardot, tara, dara, tara, dararn, darfar, dara, torum, torom, toram, taram-sa, tarumsa, thorum, thoram, torut, torot, thorad, tharad, thort, thart, tarais, taris, tairis, tharis, thairis, tarse, tharse, tairse, thairse, tarsi, tairs, tairrside, tairsi-side, tairrsi, tairsdi, torunn, torunni, torund, thoruind, thoruinn, taraind, tharainn, toraib, thoruibh, thoraibh, tharaibh, tairsiu, tair(r)siu, thairsiu, torrsu, tarrsu, tar(r)sa, tharsa, tarsta, thórsa, ta(i)rsib, thairsib, tarstibh, tar, tairis, tairise, thart, tar ais, tar éis

prep. with accus. See Thurn. Hdb. § 843 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also sporadically with dat. : dar broinfeirtsib (sic leg.), TBC-I¹ 2525 . t.¤ ... ferannaib, Laws iv 136.26 Comm. t.¤ a cladhaibh, TD 13.11 . t.¤ esccairdibh, Ó Héodhusa 78.13. Somet. leniting in Early Mod. Ir. : t.¤ chlár, Content. xviii 53 . t.¤ Mhac Dé, DDána 22.1 . t.¤ chonair, Hugh Roe 28.23 . t.¤ thoil nDé, TSh. 2012.

The proclitic form dar is frequent in O. Ir. beside tar. It occurs also in Mid. Ir., but in Mod. Ir. only in the meaning by in swearing, oaths, etc. (see B V). In Wb the more frequent form is dar. From Ml on tar is the more frequent, but dar is the only form in SR. Exx. of dar: Wb. 2a4 . 3c36 . 6b28 . 7b5 . 10c11 . 13a9 . 13a20 . 16b4 . 16d8 . 18a14 . 23b18 . 24a3 . 24d13 . Ml. 64d8 . SR 1162 etc. Mon. Tall. 141.28 . Sc.M² 17.y . BColm. 92.27 . TTebe 4011 . O'Gr. Cat. 590.33 (in swearing). Exx. of tar: Wb. 3c37 . 5d28 . 15c16 . 21a8 . 22b5 . 22b7 . Ml. 2a6 . 16c5 . 47a3 . 49d1 . 60c1 . 61d4 . 88a1 . 105d6 . 109d8 . 127a1 . Sg. 172a3 . 200b3 . 217b2 , 3 , 12 , 16 . 218a6 . Thes. ii 311.1 . Fél. Ep. 66 . Mon. Tall. 137.14 . Laws ii 262.2 . Sc.M² 21 h . tair, Sg. 8a7 .

In Mod. Ir. occasionally with lenited -t- thar: RC xvii 154.z . Eochairsg. 26.13 . Donlevy 186.21 . This form is commonest in forms with suffixed pron., see infra. The form with suff. pron. 3 s. is also occasionally found as simple prep.: tairis ar marbhadh dhiobh, Rel. Celt. ii 192.6 . thairis gach ní, Feis Tighe Chonáin 862.

With article. sg.: tarsin, Wb. 15c16 . Ml. 16c5 . darsin, SR 1529 . tarsa, Mon. Tall. 130.7 . darsa, TBFr. 79 . tar in, PH 718 . dar in, TBC-I¹ 2500 . pl. tarsna, Ml. 122a3 . Sg. 217b3 . darsna, FA 29 ( dar na, v.l.). darna, Sc.M² 17.y . tarna, IT i 42.13 . tar na, Donlevy 384.6 .

With poss. 1 s.: darm, Wb. 23b18 . SR 1396 . ZCP iv 39.5 . tarmu, Thes. ii 241.13 . dar mo, IT i 121.22 . tar mo, PH 3825 . 2 s.: darth 'airmitein, SR 6320 . tart, TBC-I¹ 1047 . tardo, Sc.M² 13.y . tardot shuilib, Lism. L. 1420 . 3 s. tara, dara: Wb. 24a3 . Ml. 101a3 (leg. tara). Sg. 218a6 . BDD² 921 . 1 p.: dararn-essine, SR 1862 . 2 p.: darfar cenn, Wb. 18a14 . 3 p. dara ngnussib, LU 2091 ( FA 16 ).

With rel.: taratoissed, Wb. 33d10 . tarateged, Thes. ii 315.26 . dara gaib, Mon. Tall. 141.28 . tarndotuidisa over which I shall lead you, TBC-I¹ 238 . tarsa tochuirther, Ml. 22c1 . darsa tiagu, TBC-LL¹ 481 . cindus tíri dar-si fuiniud, Ériu iv 140.14 . dars' tic, Metr. Dinds. iv 286.51 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. torum, TBC-LL¹ p. 241 n. 1 . PH 1154 . torom, TBC-LL¹ 4709 . toram, Dán Dé ix 8 . taram-sa, TBC-LL¹ p. 115 n. 2 . tarumsa, ACL iii 235.1 . thorum, 242 § 6 . Studies 1934, 434 § 6 . thoram, TSh. 4211 . 2 s. torut, Sg. 217b4 . torot, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). thorad, DDána 114.7 . tharad, TD 2.32 . thort, DDána 52.39 . Corp. Astron. 6.6 . thart, Content. v 186 . Dán Dé ix 11 . 3 s. m. and n. tarais, Wb. 33d10 . Ml. 28c12 (sic MS.). Goid. 94.16 . taris, Mon. Tall. 136.22 . TBC-LL¹ 1644 . tairis, Mon. Tall. 151.15 . LU 5937 . O'Gr. Cat. 442.y . TSh. 2696 . tharis, BDD² 790 . LU 2150 ( FA 22 ). thairis, Anecd. i 3.10 . TD 20.2 . TSh. 4300 . 3 s. f. tarse, BDD² 978 . tharse, RC vi 183.15 . tairse, LU 3794 ( SCC 36 ). thairse, DDána 52.29 . tarsi, TBC-LL¹ 1600 . tairs, p. 359 n. 7 . tairrside (? leg. tairsi-side), 3727 , cf. TTebe 505 . tairrsi, RC xvii 144.4 . tairsdi, ZCP vi 290.15 . 1 p. torunn, Wb. 15a1 . 15d1 . torunni, 27a14 . torund, Thes. ii 299.37 . thoruind, Fianaig. 68.21 . thoruinn, DDána 95.7 . Donlevy 392.1 . taraind, IGT Decl. ex. 664 . tharainn, DDána 24.19 . 2 p. toraib, TBC-I¹ 281 . thoruibh, DDána 7.4 . thoraibh, TD 14.31 . tharaibh, DDána 53.13 . 3 p. With acc. inflexion: tairsiu, Ml. 121b1 . 123d3 . tair(r)siu, SR 4285 . Laws iv 214.6 . BDD² 142 . thairsiu, TBC-I¹ 150 . LU 2167 . ZCP xi 83.7 . torrsu, Laws v 270.y Comm. tarrsu, iii 424.15 Comm. tar(r)sa, Content. xxi 19 . Ann. Conn. 1342.11 . TSh. 295 . tharsa, DDána 18.2 . RC xxix 220.9 . tarsta, Mac Aingil 576.17 . Eochairsg. 36.32 . thórsa, Ó Bruad. ii 226. With dat. inflexion: ta(i)rsib, SR 4297 . LU 2961 . Laws v 382.21 Comm. DDána 107.21 . Fl. Earls 22.4 . thairsib, TTebe 2705 . DDána 30.24 . tarstibh, TD 3.30 v.l.

The meanings of tar may be divided roughly into concrete and abstract. But it is frequently difficult to assign an example or group of examples to one category or the other. For the sake of convenience a somewhat arbitrary division has been adopted in the following.

A In meanings of a concrete or physical nature.

I over, across, covering , implying rest rather than motion (see ZCP viii 60 ), including exx. where the meaning is that of coming and remaining across .

(a) cona roib temel ... t.¤ rosc for nanme, Wb. 21a8 . fri nech tarsa tochuirther sciath, Ml. 22c1 . mar dlúm dar dreich, SR 6959 . fri hōrsnath īar ndēnam a datha dar or nindeōna, TBC-I¹ 2567 . drochet ... darsin nglend, LU 2148 ( FA 22 ). co ro-thib tond tairis `so that a wave laughed over him,' CRR 34.21 . slicht meōir epscoip dar a ucht, ACL iii 307 § 26 . cro[i]theas a lúireach t.¤ a cheann amach brandished his breastplate above his head, Ériu i 88.1 . tuc sciath t.¤ lorg do maithib Muman covered the retreat of, ML² 274.

(b) Of covering with clay, burying: focheird úir ... taris, TBC-LL¹ 1491 . ó doradadh úir t.¤ Aedh, ACL iii 304.z . ní cóir cré na talamh thorum, Studies 1934, 434 § 6 .

(c) Of wearing, being covered by clothes: ind etaig bruinnidi .i. bís t.¤ bruinniu ógae, Ml. 144c7 . in ṁbrat ... roboi tarais, Goid. 94.16 . ragabsat fial falaid tairsib, TTebe 4159 . deich gcéile ... | t.¤ ar shín Éire a hionar, DDána 113.17 .

(d) Of wearing a belt: a cressa dar a n-áirnib, PH 5103 . rogab tairis in cloidem he girt on the sword, D IV 2, 45d4 .

(e) do-beir lám t.¤ seizes, takes hold of: tabraiter láma tairis, TBC-I¹ 1471 . fochertar lama tairis, LU 5941 . Cf. co tarat láim dar hIffern, SR 7772 . lám Emeire ... dar a brāgaid, Ériu i 118.6 .

(f) With cros a cross: dobér-sa anosa | a crosa darm'aigidh, ZCP viii 110 § 5 . Cros Críosd thorad, DDána 114.7 . tabair cros Crist ... tardot shuilib, Lism. L. 1420.

II over, across implying motion (`motion over a space,' ZCP viii 59 ).

(a) ní tirga tara trachtu, `it will not come beyond its shores,' Ml. 121a17 . t.¤ crích innunn, Sg. 217b12 . doloddursom ... tarsa ceim `came over the stile,' Mon. Tall. 130.7 . im cert filid t.¤ crich the right of a poet to cross a territory (?), Laws i 184.17 . is muir dar crícha, TBC-I¹ 3290 . in uair tra nobenadh bainne don gemlóichet dar a aighidh whenever a flash of lightning struck him across the face, ACL iii 4.28 . tairrsech darsa fuineann grían, Ériu iv 140.16 . ní lamdais ... eoin ... cromad dar craebaib na caillead, TTebe 910 . re comhfhlaith t.¤ chlár anonn from across (?), Content. xviii 53 . tugadh léim t.¤ líne leis `he has now crossed the line (i.e. taken his decision to act),' Aithd. D. 30.12 . Gramm. cumscugud e t.¤ i co ndéni ei deogur (e.g. adeibam for adiebam), Sg. 191a3 .

(b) Of crossing rivers, the sea: dia tanic ... | dar Iordanan, SR 6938 . t.¤ sál sidi, Fél. Sept. 10 . comainm ind atha dar a sredestar, TBC-LL¹ 1463 . don fhéin ... tar tuinn `from beyond the wave,' TD 18.36 .

(c) over the wall of a city, rim of a vessel, etc.: cenn meic B. immach | rolad dar múr na cathrach, SR 6988 . ba léim ro leblaingseom tarsin cathraig ammuich, LU 9077 ( FB 82 ). dar bil in sceith, TBC-LL¹ 3779 . t.¤ luing amach `over the ship's side,' RC xv 294 § 5 . in cetna dabach i tét fichid tairse boils over, LU 3794 ( SCC 36 ).

(d) 3 s. tairis as adv. across: tainic neill diamair ... tairis, TTebe 3758 . dognīd oircne ┐ crecha ... tairis sair i crīchaib cīanaib, ACL iii 224.20 . do ghabhas thairis `transiui,' TSh. 4300 . an duine dorinde an glaedh do tabhairt tairis `to bring the man who raised the cry into his presence', BCC 202.32 . Of crossing the Irish Sea: co n-darafnetar Ulaid tairis i crich n-Alban, IT i 73.z . ar ttecht thairis (.i. tar muir), AFM iii 306.4 . Iarla D. demersus est ac dol taris, Ann. Conn. 1357.4 . Hence in Laws Comm. of stranded persons, etc. alien, foreign (opp. to Érennach), `(über die See) herübergekommen,' Ir. Recht 39 . do murchuirthi .i. tairis .i. dair, Laws i 162.1 . cid fodera conid mo doib ina ndaeraib thairis na ina ndaeraib Erennchaib, v 110.12 . trian eneclainni do daor tairis na nisil, ┐ cethraimhe don daor Eirennach, H 3.17 col. 525 ( O'D. 720 ) = tairise, H 3.17 col. 426 ( O'D. 525 ). in da murcurtha ... más do aon chinel tairis dóib, H 3.17 col. 526 ( O'D. 722 ). Cf. bráighaid-comhal, tairis `an hostage, pledge ,' Eg. Gl. 73.

(e) 2 s. thart as adv. past, around: tar thort `come hither,' TD 2.4 . thort thiarain `over west,' 3.8 . tabhair suil thart ar gach taoibh `examine the subject in every way,' Content. v 186 . léigidh thart an tsláinte pass the health round, ITS xvii 114.96 .

(f) In descriptions of fights: conna torgethar sechut na treót na torot, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). tēt an fer tarat amal tēti bott t.¤ catt, TBC-I¹ 2680 . laóch bas tualaing th'ergaire ┐ techt thorut `overcome thee,' TTr.² 767 . roling darna laechv, 1076 . regaid fer dar fer, Sc.M² 15.8 . do cuatarsom foithib ┐ trithu ┐ tarrsa, D IV 2, 45a44 .

(g) In phrase buille t.¤ : do-rat cách díb builli dar sróin a chēili riam, Sc.M² 7.10 . ro boí trá buille dar áo i suidiu (builli t.¤ cluáis ┐ t.¤ cend, v.l.), 17.8 .

(h) t.¤ sét, slige, etc. astray: ná léig sinn t.¤ an slighidh do not allow us to stray from the path, DDána 25.4 . cuir inn t.¤ eol mearachaidh keep us from a wrong path, 25.1 .

(i) fo-ceird súil t.¤ : caní ralsid súil torunn? `have ye not cast an eye over us?' Wb. 15a1 . do chor súlae taris, Mon. Tall. 136.22 . nī rolāim sūil toraib isin fid, TBC-I¹ 281.

(j) fo-ceird tar cend overthrows, upsets: is mór ríg ralā dar cend, Hail Brigit § 20 . co corastar na daíni ... tar cend, TBFr. 274 . cend dar cend ┐ druimm dar ais, PH 4392 . See 1 cenn.

(k) With certain verbs: cid siu dothised thairis before she met him, Anecd. i 3.10 . tar doirr troide na tairche `come not into the wrangle of battle,' Content. xxii 19.

III past (i.e. leaving behind).

(a) ulcha ... co soiched dar māethīchtar a māethimlenn sīs, TBC-I¹ 2336 . rochechaing iarum tairsiu it then stepped past them (of the sun), Ériu iv 140.12 . beith t.¤ gach anbhuain aige `to be with him beyond all trouble,' Ériu v 54.45 . dochuaid tarrsa ar tarad a lama laitiri got past them (i.e. defenders), Ann. Conn. 1342.11 .

(b) With léicid (frequently in more or less abstract meanings): im legud ina tāna dar Tailtin, TBC-I¹ 2964 . ro léigedar sin thársa go maidin `they let the matter stand over till morning,' RC xxix 220.9 . far léig mé toram dod thoil, Dán Dé ix 8 . nach lēigfidīs tocrādh a tigerna tairsib that they would not leave unpunished, ML² 1527.

(c) With téit misses, escapes: t.¤ rachuimhne ó ghrásaib Dé nar deachaimne `may we never be forgotten,' Studies 1932, 433 § 7 . a ndeachaidh thorainn `all our shortcomings,' Aithd. D. 97.33 . ar an mbás gcorpordha, ┐ gan dul tairis ag aon-duine, TSh. 2696.

(d) do-icc tar mentions, refers to, treats of: tāinic t.¤ brīathraibh Frōich do Mhidhir, ZCP xiii 174.28 . fada ó tángas t.¤ an ainm `long ago has the name been written of,' Content. v 35 . ní tháinig thar dhortadh fola said nothing about shedding of blood, Eochairsg. 26.13 .

(e) With certain other verbs, frequ. in abstract senses. cuirid: uair ni rocuir ... ailges na acobur e t.¤ a modh gnath roclecht cosin did not cause him to deviate from, D IV 2, 78a22 . fan Páis do chur tairis `to put it past Him,' Maund. 87 . mór do chuir don triallsa thort `has driven ... out of thy mind,' Aithd. D. 31.36 . tar ēis forlonn na faichthe do c[h]ur tairsi when she had got beyond, Feis Tighe Chonáin 984 . do-gní: t.¤ nach éidir dénamh which cannot be done without, IGT Introd. 1.11 . 2.y . gaibid: ma gabthair tairis `if a man gets clear of it' (of carnal thoughts), Mon. Tall. 151.15 . trebaid: Muire ó nach treabhann tharainn since she does not neglect us, DDána 24.19 . ni fhuil cumadh ná siosmadh na seoladh | ... nár thimcheall thórsa `every shaping ... he hath compassed completely' (of an expert shoemaker), Ó Bruad. ii 226 .

IV through, out of (an aperture). Cf. II (c) supra.

(a) Of doors, gates, etc.: coro-m[a]idhetur secht srotha do fhuil ... amach darna secht ndoirrsib, Sc.M² 17.y . tanic an bás t.¤ doirsib mo chuirp is-tech, PH 7805 . Bernais Tana bo Cualnge ... dáig taris rucad in tain, TBC-LL¹ 1587.

(b) Of parts of the body, etc.: in mac imlesen. Fand iarom ainm na dére dothaet tairis, LU 3377 ( SCC 17 ). connách tic focal a corai tardo chend so that you cannot speak properly, Sc.M² 13.y . ní ticfa gāire tar a bél co brách, RC xxiv 374.9 . crechta doimne ... ┐ siat ic tipirsin fhola tairsib, D IV 2, 72b10 .

V through (clothes, etc.): co lluid (sleg) tarsin tlacht ... baí im Ailill, TBFr. 238 . bricht comga ... Ro gonadhsan cach tairsí ┐ treithi ┐ séici, TBC-LL¹ p. 359 n. 7 .

VI In phrases.

(a) tar ais back: in ced do cur tar aís to withdraw the permission, RC xix 28.2 . rathsill ... dara ais, TTebe 4011 . gairm thar ais ` appeal ,' Donlevy 186.21 . See ais.

(b) tar éis on behalf of , etc., see 2 éis.

VII Of time.

(a) Prospectively: nat ṡasai aena t.¤ aile `that one day should not be extended beyond two days,' Laws i 120.18 . Cf. 150.17 . má (sic leg.) téis immurgu t.¤ domnuch `if however it pass the Sunday,' Mon. Tall. 137.14 . tairis sin ` from that forth ,' Laws iii 370.2 Comm. go dtéid t.¤ tráth codalta, TD 20.59 .

(b) With téit is imminent, falls due: do-chuaidh thort mo tháirriochtain it is time for you to save me, DDána 11.23 . 52.39 . dá ndeachadh thoruinn if I was put to it, 95.7 . rachaidh thoruibh tráth oile | bláth toruidh na trócoire, 7.4 .

(c) Retrospectively: noco cuirem in bliadhain-si thoruind `till the year is ended,' Fianaig. 68.21 . atáid re hathaigh d'aimsir ... thart thall `for some time past,' TD 3.2 . an bioth go dtairrnge tharaibh till your life is over, DDána 53.13 . na faoisidineadha do chuaidh thort ` past ,' Donlevy 320.4 .

(d) tar éis after , see 2 éis.

B In meanings of a more abstract nature.

I Denoting increase, excess, etc.

(a) in addition to, besides: dá bfuirgedh dia ... | tairis in chuid do chaithemh `yet farther to consume the meal,' O'Gr. Cat. 442. y. tairis ar marbhadh dhiobh `besides those that were killed,' Rel. Celt. ii 192.6 . tairis sin `besides,' Donlevy 218.14 . tairis so, Corp. Astron. 2.29 .

(b) in excess of: rath t.¤ airdig `over-plus food stock,' Laws ii 262.2 . troscad t.¤ dliged `fasting in excess of what is legal,' iv 58.10 Comm. a mbeith t.¤ a riachtanus `aught over and above his needs,' TSh. 7105.

(c) With téit exceeds: ni conraga tairis it will not increase, Laws i 48.10 . co ndechaidh t.¤ airem a n-esbadha `their losses exceeded computation,' RC xviii 173.2 . téid t.¤ fhine Éireamhóin ` excels ,' Aithd. D. 18.26 . do chuaidh mo shúil t.¤ mo chuid, Dánta Gr. 88.1 . Cf. nā ticidh taris do not exceed it (of a stipulated number of men for a fight), ZCP xiii 228.9 .

II Denoting preference, comparison, distinction , etc. between two objects or between one and several others.

(a) excelling, surpassing, beyond: ar Chríst cóem t.¤ folaid (sic leg.?) excelling, Fél. Apr. 10 . debaid dar dā bran `combat fiercer than two ravens,' ZCP iii 45.9 . rainig a theisd t.¤ ghniomh ghaoidheal `excelled,' Rel. Celt. ii 218.31 . thairis gach ní above all, Feis Tighe Chonáin 862 . a neart t.¤ an gcóir do chuir `He has set Her power higher than any rights,' Aithd. D. 86.18 .

(b) in preference to, rather than: ar adradh Dē dó tairsibh in preference to them (the druids), RC xviii 382.19 . do thogh Dia ... gnúis í Néill ... t.¤ féin ... Gaoidhiol, TD 7.43 . a ghnaoi t.¤ nar bh'iarraidh Art (i.e. when we have you we no longer look for A.), DDána 106.31 . diomoladh na neolghach d'fulang, t.¤ a bheith dorcha air chách (of simple writing), Donlevy xxii 17.

(c) Approximating to of in Eng. of all things, persons, etc., above all: do Laighnibh t.¤ tir oile | níor dhligh buain na bóruimhe from Leinster of all countries, Content. vi 236 . buachoill mo bhó féin | t.¤ gach duine dá dtéid uaim `of all those that deserted me,' TD 22.18 . t.¤ gach arm ... dhíobh sin nachar bhfer feadhma do dhéanamh re clogat é `a helmet, above all ... accoutrements whatsoever, he was not the man to use,' O'Gr. Cat. 510.25.

(d) in comparison with: ní fhuil ann acht dia díomhaoin | t.¤ Mhac Dé (of wordly goods), DDána 22.1 .

(e) aithnid x t.¤ y distinguishes x from y: budh feidhm aithne ar an ngréin ghil | tar néimh aighthe gach aingil to distinguish the bright sun from the radiance of the angels' faces, DDána 29.34 . ionnus nach aithnighedh an dubh t.¤ an mbán, ZCP xii 396.22 . fios an sgrioptuir choir ... t.¤ an leabhar nach sgrioptur, Luc. Fid. 257.2 .

III In meanings with the underlying idea of substitution:

(a) on behalf of, for the sake of (?): is tríd trá do rádhusa | ... | t.¤ chach `on behalf of the others,' Content. vii 6 . níom comhghaol níom cara dhuibh | tarsa ná tathaoir Lughaidh `do not blame L. on that score,' xxi 19 . trúag gan mé is taraind ar thuit, IGT Decl. ex. 664.

(b) tar cend on behalf of , see 1 cenn.

(c) tar éis, see 2 éis.

(d) in return for: t.¤ cais cain-denam (in return) `for hate, well-doing,' Lib. Hymn. 173.358 (ACC). lecid in mnai ass ┐ tabar slan dúib taris in return, LL 276a36 . t.¤ gach leathtrom ... | malairt urchair uaim tar ais | do bhéar `in return for the harsh words,' Content. xvii 10 . Note also: is tairside dochuaid A. ua cleith `through her A. went in secret ...,' TTebe 505 .

IV in violation of, against, generally governing a noun meaning law, treaty, etc.

(a) With téit, do-icc, gaibid etc. transgresses (see also tairmthecht): ho luid adam t.¤ réir, Wb. 3c37 . tairmthtecht t.¤ timna, Laws i 10.3 . raghaidh cech recht t.¤ araile every right will run counter to another, ZCP viii 195.6 . berar coma úan don laech, | mad dia ti taris is báeth if he reject it, TBC-LL¹ 1644 . dias doroine cundradh ... is cuimgech cach fer dib masech tiachtain tairis `withdraw from it' (Plummer MS. notes), H 5.15, 8a ( O'D. 1589 ). riasind aurd dara gaib `the orders which he transgressed,' Mon. Tall. 141.28 . dá ngabhthar linn slighe t.¤ a síorghuidhe, Aithd. D. 19.14 . Cf. t.¤ láimh an ríogh ... | do-chuaidh sinn, 66.28 . ni failmet darth'airmitein, SR 6320.

(b) against, in violation of: dar timne recto dognither int immarmus, Wb. 3c36 . dar brethir Colum Cille, BCC² 233.334 . tar breithir an tṡenaire ┐ an druadh, RC ix 462.14 . toirched t.¤ apud `getting a woman with child notwithstanding being forbidden,' Laws i 176.1 . is t.¤ menmin lim `es geht mir gegen den Sinn,' ZCP viii 175.27 . is t.¤ ghealladh do mhaoidhis `against your promise you boasted ...,' Content. v 183 . faill do thabhairt i ngrádh Dé, t.¤ mar budh dlightheach dhó, TSh. 8613 . t.¤ mo shárugud, PH 3825 . dar sāruccud Dē, ACL iii 308.19 .

(c) in spite of: in ti troisces t.¤ taircsin reir do, Laws i 118.4 . a ngabail t.¤ a n-ainme cipē cruth i mbeid taking them in spite of their defects, ZCP viii 113.10 . robudh thochmarc t.¤ lóegh mbeo sin that were a wooing despite a living warrior (her lover Fróech being alive), ZCP xiii 173.5 . t.¤ a mbí dá dhocracht dó, TD 15.22 . Hence tairis sin yet nevertheless: rodlesaighes thairis sin and yet I have befriended thee, BS 20.27 . bíodh nach tabhair an t-aifreann éin-ní nua dona naoidheanaibh ..., thairis sin ... dleaghair a rádh, TSh. 4831.

V In asseveration = Eng. by (perh. from practice of placing hand over object sworn by, Fraser ZCP viii 60 ): ducuitig tarais fadeissin ... nech taratoissed he swore by himself, Wb. 33d10 . t.¤ ioib gl. per Iouem, Sg. 217b2 . dar mo bréthir, IT i 121.22 . tongu-sa fom chumachta ┐ t.¤ in mac n-oengine, Ériu ii 196.18 . dar an bpeann `by the pen,' O'Gr. Cat. 590.33.