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argam(a)int

Cite this: eDIL s.v. argam(a)int or dil.ie/4135
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: argum(e)int, -e, argumanti, arguiminti, arguini, arrumainte, arrmuinti, armainntib

n f. Orig. indecl. in sg., see GOI 191 , 574 (Lat. argumentum). O. Ir. argum(e)int. Later also -e. argumanti, Hib. Min. 250 . arguiminti, Mac Aingil 6067 . arguini. Luc. Fid. 5028 . arrumainte, Trip. xliii 2 . For the change rg > rr cf. immurgu (O. Ir. immurgu). Note also arrmuinti (g p.), Smaointe B. Chr. 5649 . armainntib, Ir. Astr. Tr. 2.20 . With unlen. m in edd. of early mod. texts. Mod. Ir. -úin, -óin.

(a) the means by which an assumption is made clear, argument, evidence, reason: argumint gl. argumentum, Thes. ii 18.32 (BCr.). argumind, 17.32 (ibid). ar theguisg an diabhal d'argamuinntibh dhó (of Luther), Mac Aingil 5280 . dorone arrgamint for da teóra a n-aghaidh E., Stair Erc. 1314 (see p. xxviii ). uile shleadha arguimeinnteadh th'eascarad, Desid. 4685 . cia do ḟoirmeadh an arguin sin? Luc. Fid. 4911 . go bhfoireadh Dia ar fhear na harguna-sin, 4996 . le arguin, le ceill, 4988 . cuid d'argúntaibh na n-eiriceach, Eochairsg. 94.23 . ag freagradh dona cúig argóntaibh, 42.11 .

(b) contents, subject, theme (of a written work etc.): is argumeint do cid a titul gl. titulo suo contenens argumentum, Ml. 40b1 . file ressind argumint seo .i. gaibid mod ṅargumint gl. titulus quoque instar argumenti est, 64c 11 - 12 . is hed tosceuli ind argumint so, Thes. ii 39.25 . is ed a ndéde so rogabad dún isnaib argumentaib, Ml. 74b1 . issi . . . ind a.¤ in chanóin forsa fothaigther in caiptel, Lib. Hymn. 66.3 . argamaint seo remi-tet / ind ochtmad sailm dēc ar chēt, Ériu xi 104 § 5 . foillsigter na focail ar tri coraib .i. scel ┐ arrumainte ┐ [s]tair, Trip. xliii 2 (see Éigse xi 18 ). caiti deochor etir in argumaint ┐ in titail, Hib. Min. 8 . 265 . arrgamaint dorala ar menmuin in ugduir ann, O'D. 1990 ( Eg. 90, 14a ) = O'Curry 1621 ( 23 Q 6, 7a ). is amluidh so riagailter in rath argamaind `account', Laws ii 218.18 Comm. is i meit na haragamaint so uile, 220.y Comm.

athsmúainid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athsmúainid or dil.ie/4869

 

Forms: athsmúained

v (smúainid) thinks again: ní fhuil neach d'athsmuainfeadh 'na chroidhe é = non est qui recogitet in corde suo , TSh. 6000 . athsmuaineóchad . . . bliadhna mo bheatha uile (= recogitabo omnes annos meos, Isaiah xxxviii 15 ), Mac Aingil 2167 . nach smuaineann ┐ nach athsmuaineann sé? Donlevy 458.18 . Vn. athsmúained.

1 co

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 co or dil.ie/9786
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cos(s)in, cos(s)a, cosna, cosin, cossin, cossa, cosa, gusin, gusan, cosno, gusna, cuccum, cucum, cugum, chugom, chucumm, chugam, cucut, cuccut, chucud, chuccad, chugad, chút, cuci, cucai, cucci, cuccai, cuici, cuigi, chuci, chucai, chuice, chuici, chuga, cuicce, cucae, chucae, cucai, cuci, cuici, chuice, chuigthe, cucunn, cuccainn, cugainn, cugainde, chucunni, chucund, chucaind, chugainne, cucuib, cuccaib, cuccuib, cucaib, cugaib, cuccu, cucu, chuca, cugtha, chucu, chuca, com, cot, gut, coa, gó, go, cosa, cos-, cus, cosa, cusa, cos, cus, gus, gusa, cosar, gar, góar, at(t)óibi, do-ecmalla, do-inóla, fo-ceird, gaibid, léicid

prep. with accus. See GOI § 829 . Études Celt. vii 478 . In early lang. with occasional doubling of following l, m, n: cu-llae, GOI § 829 . co mmaith, Wb. 7b15 . co nnaue, Sg. 5b6 . In later lang. prefixes h to vowels. Written cu in Ardm. etc., GOI § 829 . In later lang. go. Occasionally with length mark: có, Ml. 52 . Sporadically with d p.: co ulnib, BDD² 747 . go bruachaibh (: chruachain), TD 13.84 . See IGT Introd. § 75 .

With article: cos(s)in, cos(s)a, cosna etc. cosin, Wb. 2a21 . cossin, ib. cossa (n.), 23a17 . cosa, Ériu v 236.60 . gusin, Auraic. 195 . gusan, Stair Erc. 2360 . pl. cosno, Dinds. 69 . gusna, Hugh Roe² 100.4 .

With suff. pron. (see GOI § 829 D for phonology of forms, § 233 for lenited forms, which are generalized in later language). 1 s. cuccum, Wb. 7c7 . cucum, Ml. 108b1 . cugum, Ériu v 148.40 . chugom, Blathm. 148 . chucumm, PH 8285 . chugam, IGT Decl. ex. 1166 . 2 s. cucut, Wb. 32a17 . .25 . Ml. 44c20 . cuccut, 92a19 . chucud, Mon. Tall. 144.21 . chuccad, BDD² 1446 . chugad, DDána 2.3 . chút (: út), SG 389.14 (see ZCP xxv 249 ff. ). 3 s. m. and n. cuci, Wb. 9d14 . cucai, Ml. 38c1 . cucci, cuccai, cited GOI § 433 . cuici, Blathm. 27 . cuigi, BColm. 98.26 . chuci, Fing. R. 27 . chucai, Ml. 46c1 . chuice, Mon. Tall. 154.4 . chuici, BDD² 278 . chuga, Dán Dé xxv 46 . 3 s. f. cuicce, Wb. 9d5 . cucae, Sg. 14b4 (apparently referring to Lat. littera), chucae, 191a2 . cucai, Vita Br. 25 . cuci, 26 . cuici, RC xxiv 190.13 . chuice, BDD² 93 . chuigthe, Donlevy 390.1 . 1 pl. cucunn, Wb. 21a3 . cuccainn, ZCP viii 219.34 . cugainn, vi 47.28 . cugainde, Ériu iii 158 § 11 , chucunni, TBFr. 347 . chucund, RC iii 183.24 . chucaind. PH 691 . chugainne, RC xxix 124 § 27 . 2 pl. cucuib, Wb. 1a8 . cuccaib, Vita Br. 16 . cuccuib cited GOI § 433 . cucaib, Vita Br. 37 . cugaib, Mer. Uil.² 119 . 3 pl. cuccu, Wb. 27c24 . cucu, Ml. 55c1 . chuca, Blathm. 221 . cugtha, DDána 77.1 . chucu, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.19 . chuca, Keat. iii 3231 .

With possessives: 1 s. com ó, Ériu xx 192 § 3 . 2 s. cot écc, ZCP viii 219.23 . gut éc, LL 10918 . 3 s. coa ríg, Fél. Jan. 6 . Fing. R. 93 . gó a charaid, TSh. 8226 . pl. go a n-ēgoibh, Fl. Earls 140.32 .

With rel. cosa n-, cos- (cossa- cited GOI § 829 ): cus, ACC 93 . cosa, TBC-I¹ 328 . cusa, 330 . cos, Ériu iv 150.29 . cus a, Laws iv 294.z Comm. gus, BColm. 80.27 . gusa, Mac Aingil 355 . With ro: cosar, TTebe 894 . gar, Studies, 1921, 76.21 . góar, Hugh Roe² 74.19 .

1 to, till, as far as , etc. (of space and time): cosin n-óin .i. co crist gl. usque ad unum, Wb. 2a21 . cossa laasa gl. usque nunc, 23a17 . có osnada gl. ad susperia, Ml. 31c10 . cu genti gl. ad gentes, 67a10 . cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 co fescor, LU 5135 (see caidchi). ní chotlad i nEmain M. co matain, LU 4903 (i.e. never slept, Hermathena xcix 51 ). co harchaṅgliu Héil, Lib. Hymn. 184.8 . a n-éc cusan āenduini to the last man, ACL iii 239 § 25 . nirbo gnath . . . airisiumh Uí Neill hisuidhe gusan tToirrdelbach hishin `except this T.', Hugh Roe² 44.3 . do-géna cech maith co cumaing as far as he can, PH 8088 . todachaiche chugut int shillab dedenach `the last syllable is future to you', Auraic. 91 . aurlam co bas, PH 390 . Ériu fo Chunn, Conn co Fál, Airne F. 243 . dorigne an láid-so cuigi `for him', BColm. 98.26 . le cungnamh ionmhuis go cogadh `with money to help them in the war', Rel. Celt. ii 166.9 .

2 With Vn. cia airet co tíchtin n-ancrist, Wb. 25d1 . go beith réidh dúinn 's do Dhomhnall, TD 15.170 . co rochtain dóibh tar na múraibh `until they passed', Hugh Roe 290.y . Hence: mad co techt di co fer gl. uiro suo reconciliari, Wb. 9d32 . is deidbhir móidem di suidib mad co moidim etir ref. to si gloriari oportet, 17d19 (see note).

3 Idiomatic uses of 3 s. n.: is cuci far mburpe gl. sic stulti estis, Wb. 19b8 . is cucci a lére ro pridchissid `so great is the industry with which you have preached', 24c17 . ná faighdīs bás chuige acht go mairfidīs choidhche (ar aonchor, v.l.), Trompa na bhF. 5994 . See Gloss., and cf. gan guin duine chuige na uaidh at all(?), Hugh Roe² 252.22 . is é is fáth dham chuige sin `the reason I have for that', Keat. i 82.26 . is é is adhbhar dóibh chuige sin, Corp. Astron. 2.9 . creud chuige why? Donlevy 102.16 .

4 With verbs of motion: co domun dringthiar `he climbed to the height (of heaven)', ACC 68 (see Celtica vi 228 ). amal tiagtae mná hua célib co firu aili `as wives go from their husbands to other men', Ml. 125a2 . dauc cucai inna sairse `he took it to him(self) unto his work', 38c1 . co Críst, cechaing sathe `unto Christ went a swarm', Fél. Jan. 25 . lingthi Mac Da Cherda co sudib `M. leaps into the midst of them', Ériu v 28.7 .

5 With subst. verb: aidchi roboi cucu that night, Ml. 55c1 . do filter chucaind diar marbad, Anecd. i 4.10 ( SCano 92 ). do-filter chucut ón ríg, BDD² 94 . deighenach a bethadh do bheith cuicce was imminent, BNnÉ 265 § 228 .

6 With verbs of reaching, placing, lasting, remaining, etc.: focerdar cin co fergac `is attached to', Bretha 25 . saidid co colainderce cert `extends to', 23 . ad-comaicc húa smech co a imlind, BDD² 1000 . mēraid co dē a īartaige his succession will remain till the day of Judgement, Thes. ii 314.20 . anais co foilc ┐ co fothraic he waited to wash . . ., TBC-I¹ 289 . ro-athascná m'ernaigthe . . . chucat, a Dé, PH 7108 .

7 With verbs of asking: cen chuingid neich co nech, Wb. 26b25 . amal dunthlaichiur-sa cucut `as I ask of Thee', Ml. 44c20 . dóig lim . . . ni cunte nech cuccaib filiam cecam, Vita Br. 16 . Cf. dognitis dibrócoit móir chucai, PH 4056 .

8 With verbs of summoning: dorograd co hangliu / C. `to the angels has been summoned C.', Fél. March 10 . ro-gairmestar tra Pilip chucai, PH 2534 .

See also at(t)óibi, do-ecmalla, do-inóla, fo-ceird, gaibid, léicid etc.

9 Expressing motion without vb. ac-sin chucut do ríg = ecce rex tuus venit tibi, PH 4376 . mac in goband cosin ṅgual (ris an, v.l.), Ériu ix 49 § 28 . a cholann chugat an bás, DDána 1.1 . `chugaibh! chugaibh! gruth is im / éistear linn!' adeir an chuach `here comes' (lit. to you), Measgra D. 7.73 . chugad me aris I have you again, Luc. Fid. 5241 .

10 Hence with verbs of seeing etc. atchīatt na conu cucu 'na rith, BColm. 54.3 . níro airigset na mná chucu, LU 3884 ( SCC 39 ). lá dá bhfacaidh inghin oíg / chuige, DDána 58.11 . o nach facadar . . . comfhurtacht cuca, Stair Erc. 1441 .

11 In comparisons: cruth cách co hÉ. Caem cách co hÉ. all fall short of E. in beauty, BDD² 43 . ait[h]ech cách co hEogan hūais except E., ZCP viii 299.35 . ní crō co cōiccir fo cosmailuis clīaro, Ériu i 215.31 . beag gach peannaid go bás Dé compared with, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 1 .

12 ó . . . co . . . to denote the ultimate point of measurement: is hó siun co nuie dam far sercc ref. to continuus, Wb. 4b29 . o chund co fond, RC iii 177.7 . a bhfoil uainn go hÁdhamh all that there are (i.e. have lived) from us to Adam, Dán Dé viii 4 . ó Éirne go hÁth gConuill, TD 13.74 . Hence: o ta a uachtar co a híchtar, PH 3365 .

13 With demonstratives. See 1 sin (S 232.83), 1 so (307.30). có sin, Trip.² 97 .

Similarly with petrified forms: cosinnocht until tonight, BDD² 1174 . tricha laithi cusanē 30 days to yesterday, ZCP x 341.21 . gus a-nois, Aithd. D. 89.29 . See also indiu and trásta (b).

14 In phrase co cenn, see 1 cenn (123.43).

15 With cardinal numerals. See fo (F 172.51).

16 In formation of adverbs. See GOI § 381 . co mmór gl. insolenter, Ml. 38c12 . co mmaith, TBFr. 284 . Freq. in later lang.: go spioradálta, TSh. 1582 .

17 Hence in adjectival predicates with subst. vb. replacing constr. with is and bare adj.: bheith go saoghlach séanomhail, TD 19.74 . do bai co hudmall andshadail aínindech `restlessly, uncertainly, angrily', TTebe 929 .

18 3 sg. neut. as adv. since, hence : nī conairnecht and chucai 'it had not been found there till then' Thes. ii 348.86 . bid fotai chucca, PH 5247 . ni ba chian cucai, Anecd. ii 14.13 .

con-ceil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-ceil or dil.ie/12011
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: coiglid, caiglid, coclad, coicill, coicelta, coicelta

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 483 . Occas. also with root cell-, ibid. 482 ). Later coiglid, caiglid. IGT Verbs § 62 .

(a) hides, conceals : cia chonchelae ón (rectius -celae, Edd.) gl. si hostium disimulas, Ml. 106c14 . actmachotchela, Wb. 5a9 . concelasiu ón gl. disimulato, Ml. 101a1 (see Ped.). disamlad .i. conchelad ón, 114c3 . conaicelt ┐ dorolaig in peccad gl. desimulauit, 49c9 . rūn mnā ní maith con-celar, Sc.M² 3 . c.¤ con-tūasi `he who remains silent conceals', Celtica viii 74.z ( ZCP iii 454.11 ). ben c.¤ a forcur, Laws v 272.5 . con-cleith egna in abhraibh iomhuis, Ériu xiii 39.z `he conceals', O'Dav. 27 . mad mebul cotacéla, Ériu iii 98 § 11 . conithcheil fair who hides it (sin) from Him, vii 158.25 . con-celta-si fora cēile she kept (it) from her husband, Corp. Gen. 139.x . ? rocoicle[s]tar dilgudh grinde ingin [nairchinne], O'Dav. 1334 , but cf. ? coiglestar.

(b) spares, protects (persons): conar' choicled . . . / nech amáthair, SR 4141 . nīr coigletar corp arali, Fianaig. 92.30 . níor chogail sé a Mhac fēin = Filio suo non pepercit, TSh. 2862 . With DO: ni ro coiccill side do duini . . ., ┐ ni mo cocceladh P., CCath. 5146 - 7 . coigil dúinn, a thigherna = ut nobis parcas, Parrth. Anma 3870. 3974 .

(c) spares, saves, hoards, withholds : na coiclidh ní, RC xxvii 290 § 49 . caiglidh . . . a bhríathra = spareth his words, Proverbs xvii 27 . feile nar coiccledh ar chách (of a saint), BNnÉ 282.3 . meirdrech . . . ni choiglionn sí í féin ar aóinfer, Ériu v 164.y .

(d) Of actions refrains from, desists from: nocho gcaigéal a rádh ribh `I will not cease repeating', Content. xxiv 10 . ná coiglidh cluiche ná cleas, DDána 53.20 . dáil a gcruidh ní choigill siad, O'Hara 910 . cor eich ní chaigle `thou dost . . . drive recklessly', Aithd. D. 77.27 . nir caigill briathar da burba do rad, Smaointe B. Chr. 2577 .

Vn. coclad, coicill. Part. coicelta. Vbl. of necess. coicelta.

dochum

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dochum or dil.ie/17406
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: chum, chun, chuin

prep. governing gen. and nasalizing to, towards . In origin proclitic form of tochim. See GOI § 858 . Condemned in IGT Introd. § 131 : dochuirfeadh `d.¤' focal a ccruth táoibhréime damadh cóir é `d.¤' would be followed by the genitive if it were correct (to use it). See also TSh. p. xiv . When used in verse counts as stressed word, : cochall, IGT Introd. § 131 (`lochdach'). : tofunn, ZCP vi 260 § 12 . : dochunn. SG 84.21 .

Earliest usage: a d.¤ to him, Ml. 46d2 . for ndochumsi to you, 53d9 . d.¤ ṅDée, Wb. 10a22 . Later with added prep., most commonly when governing a personal pronoun. With I: ina d.¤ , FB § 37 . innar n-d.¤ , IT i 310.12 . i nd.¤ nÁdaim, SR 2106 . With DO: dom d.¤ , ZCP vi 260 . dia d.¤ , IT i 126.8 . With pleonastic poss. a d.¤ nÉua, SR 1156 . a dóchum na Sabrainde, MacCongl. 25.13 .

In later lang. chum, chun, chuin, SG 28.39 . cuini, AI 388 (s.a. 1295.2) , Celtica x 136 n. 68 .

Mid. Ir. usually without nasalization. Cf. d.¤ dǽ, Ml. 111c3 . Note also: dochumm Shilvestair, PH 284 . d.¤ chumsanta, 1158 . dochumm thalman, 1198 .

I Expressing motion.

(a) to, towards (a destination, whether place or person): ni fil taidchur do d.¤ in choirp sin, Wb. 3a14 . is illánamnas dorograd d.¤ ṅDée, 10a22 . a thabarte d.¤ n-irisse, 11b22 . dochoid . . . d.¤ Pōil for longis, 31d19 . dobertis da boc leu d.¤ tempuil, Tur. 110c . tuidech[t] doib d.¤ a tire, Ml. 104c5 . dotet (viz. the endurance of suffering) d.¤ ind folaid tanaidi inna anmae, 22d9 . saichdetu d.¤ luic, Sg. 214b1 . ní dechuid dochom forcinn it has not gone to the end, 148b3 . is malle connucabsat d.¤ nIsu together they rose to, Hy. ii 66 . d.¤ feda conselai it went to the wood, v 62 . co tarla Brigit d.¤ na cille, Thes. ii 337.39 . arnā tēised nech d.¤ nEamna, TBC-I¹ 595 . dothiagad a nd.¤ , 632 . ass ná téig d.¤ n-Adaim, SR 1152 . rolingiuth . . . dochumm a beoil, IT i 139.17 . rucad d.¤ rīchid, FA 3 . slechtais d.¤ láir he bowed himself to the ground, Mon. Tall. § 7 . do thecht . . . dochumm n-iffirn, PH 3664 . ro-fresgabsat . . . d.¤ nime, 1933 . ro-shín popul na n-Iudaide al-lama dochumm nime, 6658 . roaitherraigh asin leabaidh sin d.¤ ionaidh ele, BS 22.z . dorad andara hurchar . . . d.¤ an chlérigh, 10.23 . rob áil damh dol d.¤ tigerna eile, 104.27 . dia cásc doshaighedh docum Sleibte, ZCP viii 106.y . abrad fris . . . co nā tardad gráin na hirfhuath leis ina d.¤ not to come to him in a form inspiring awe or horror, ACL iii 5.9 . táinic díghaltas ó Dhia d.¤ an ríg, SG 6.38 . nochtait a cridedha d.¤ Dia, 38.21 . co tarrla druim tar ais d.¤ in tsrotha he went head over heels into the stream, RC vi 177.109 . drong do ridirib do techt cum Maic Murcudha, xviii 277.6 . rogairm Hisu . . . docum (do- above line) Philait, YBL 141b33 . atchonnairc go ndechaigh in rí chum cotulta, LB 278az . dochuir Sé fúa[s]gladh chum a dhaoine (= redemptionem misit populo suo ), Psalms cxi 9 . dorad cuiredh dōip chom a medhōin láoi an invitation to dinner, Fl. Earls 42.16 . With follg. rel.: tanic . . . dochumm ar-roibe d'iresechaib, PH 223 . risna dóeinib docum a ticit na teadma sin to whom these plagues come, RC xxiv 379.5 . an Chruinne (= Corunna) . . . chom ar thriallsat ó thūs, Fl. Earls 12.15 . an chríoch dheigheanach d.¤ a bfhoilmíd uile ag tairreang, Ó Héodhusa 47 . With vb. of motion understood: fo chosmailius cethrae d.¤ báis after the fashion of a beast (going) to its death, Ml. 69b3 . codla cimedha amail nobiadh d.¤ báis approaching his death, SG 47.2 . findnél na cailce d.¤ inna nél rising towards the clouds, RC xiii 456.20 . conacci a d.¤ in fer isin charput, Imr. Brain § 32 . con-accai . . . in n-aenmnái . . . ina d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 203 . mairg nosleanand co bas nach fedand iarsin docum nimhe, YBL 168a32 .

(b) In more abstract senses: fedir . . . a ndíriduigthe d.¤ nacha rainne aile the derivative tends to become another part of speech, Sg. 188a12 . co nach roich cin indile (sic leg.) chaich d.¤ a cheile that one may not be liable for damage done by the cattle of the other, Laws iv 68.z Comm. mic na mban taighe, cé no-gabtha a oen no dedhe dībh do cum na fine though one or two of them may have been received into the tribe, 294.5 Comm. is é in fégad sin rotcuir Petar d.¤ aithrigi, PH 3194 . dothogsat é d.¤ espocóiti, SG 52.39 . doléicetar a n-aithgne d.¤ a chéile they disclosed themselves to each other, SG 274 . táinig d.¤ críche came to pass, Ó Héodhusa 55.7 . a mhed do dáinib docuirebuir-se docum bais put to death, BCC § 179 . gor cuiredh B. . . . chom bāiss, Fl. Earls 60.3 .

Of poems, letters, greetings, etc.: Slán an Chaomhánaigh d.¤ an athar U. (title of poem), O'Gr. Cat. 665 . betha ┐ sláinti andso ó O nDomhnaill d.¤ a thigerna, 57 .

II Expressing purpose in order to, with a view to (often with follg. vn.): nad mbíad buiden día chinél dochum ndála . . . la hUltu, Trip.² 2656 . do ghabatar a nduana . . . dona laechradaib d.¤ a gcoiscthe, SG 341.2 . seindit . . . cruiti . . . cum aimsighti forro to tempt them, ZCP i 256 § 20 . comar .i. d.¤ treabtha, Triads p. 39 gl. 125 . becán do chraibech ferna do cur docum teinedh cuige to make a fire, BCC § 182 . ca méd maireas don fheinn d.¤ an morchatha, CF 583 . dobhattar ag ulmuccadh d.¤ an láoi sin, BNnÉ 57 § 64 . adermaid d.¤ an derbaid sin for the purpose of that proof, O'Gr. Cat. 247 . cona n-uile ionnstrumint dlesdanach d.¤ uird ┐ aifrenn, Rel. Celt. ii 160 . d.¤ chelcce roinnill an Seinesccal . . . an choinne, AFM v 1710 . fá dtagraim ní triall chum táir it is not with intent to revile, Content. xi 15 . (of the teeth) doníd sochur d.¤ na hurlabhra, 3 C 19, 112 vb 7 . sē laithe sonnradhacha chom deirce gacha bliadhna, Fl. Earls 100.3 . [ata] canosāsion chom a dhēnta go hobonn . . . air his canonization is to take place speedily, 98.2 . Note also: do siredar dias allmurach d.¤ gach fir acu for each of them, CF 165 .

Often in phr. completing sense of a noun or adj.: comullam d.¤ elōid, Celt. Rev. iv 206.5 . bim ullumh com uilc ┐ righin cum gach maithiusa, Lib. Flav. 21 vb 16 . leasc cum na ndeadh-oibrigthi, 9 . dobhádar umhal chum a dhíola willing to pay it, Maguires of F. § 53 . nír díngbála sinn d.¤ a chaithme worthy to eat it, SG 43.z . an tadbur docamhlach docum a iondarbtha the matter difficult to expel, 3 C 22, 190b14 . gan chead sbeisialta do bheith aige d.¤ a léaghtha without special permission to read it, Ó Héodhusa 135.12 . créad dobh' ádhbhar dhó chum na heasumhlachta what reason he had for revolting, Maguires of F. § 50 .

Folld. by vn. clause: gion gurab diongmála meisi d.¤ tusa do sásadh, BNnÉ 57 § 64 . dotochuil an carnn . . . d.¤ ainm tigearna do gairm de féin, MS. Mat. 542.21 . cuidiucchadh na ccroinicighe d.¤ leabhair Annaladh do scríobhadh, 543.z . bíd [na hingne] . . . d.¤ dhighi d'ól eistib, Maund. 238 . lá cinnte acu d.¤ báis d'imirt ort, SG 338.16 . ní . . . do chruthaghadh d.¤ a rádh go mbiadh . . ., Ó Héodhusa 50.13 . Folld. by clause with finite vb.: docum co ndernadh se fén manuch dhe so that he himself might make him a monk, BCC § 161 . cuirid d.¤ sets about: sul do chuir sé (i.e. Alexander) d.¤ an domuin do ghabail before he set himself to conquer, ZCP ii 16.19 . rogabsat . . . ag cur d.¤ an bhaile do ghabhail, AFM v 1846 .

After nouns and vbs. having the meaning inciting, inducing, compelling: an t-áos ealadhna do bhrosdadh d.¤ a ionnsamhla so do dhéunamh, RC iv 352 . do ghluais sinn d.¤ patrúin do dhéunamh dháoibh induced us to . . ., ib. do gríosadh mise d.¤ na staire seo do scríobhadh, Keat. i 76 . an greasacht thucais ar mo mac d.¤ ann allmuraigh, CF 634 . a gcur d.¤ cora do ghenamh re M. to compel them to make peace with M., O'Gr. Cat. 150.11 . si cogatur accipere evomit .i. da gcoimeignighthear é d.¤ a ghabhala sgeithidh, 23 K 42, 309.10 . appetitus nauseandi .i. saint d.¤ urlaichthe, 19 .

elit, ailit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elit, ailit or dil.ie/19964

 

Forms: ailite, elt, eillti, eillte, eilit, eillti, elte, ellt, eillteadh

n f. g s. ailite, LU 64a5 . eillte, Ir. Monthly 1921, 115 . n p. elt, LL 265a 14 . eillti, Cóir Anm. 26 . eillte GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 . Keat. ii 2785 . eilit, Job xxxix 1 . a p. eillti, Trip. 72.10 = elte, Todd Lect. v 22.7 . g p. ellt, Anecd. ii 30.18 . eillteadh, IGT, Decl. 662 .

A doe, hind: ailit cona loeg = cervam cum vitulo suo Todd Lect. v 16.6 = Trip. 230.22 . elit elifia (= ἐλάφεια) graece cervina interpretatur , O'Mulc. 385 . port hi fuirsitis innelit, Thes. ii 242.5 = Trip. 346.6 . issidi noblighed na heillti, Trip. 72.10 ( Todd Lect. v 22.7 ). Acall. 6582 . cétt damh n-allta ra cēd n-ellti, Anecd. ii 30.18 . an oss cona elet, BColm. 60.27 . masat elti glenna garba, LL 265a14 = MU 22.5 . laoigh breca a broinn oiss-eillti, Ériu vii 197.7 . mar elit d'éis a láeicch a doe bereft of her fawn ACL iii 305 iv § 3 . Job xxxix 1 . eilid, Jeremiah xiv 5 . sdéd gán dóich urraim na n-eillteadh a steed whom the deer are like to respect (i.e. it will excel them in speed) IGT, Decl. ex. 662 .

Fig., of a lively, nimble person: oc tofund na ailite ucut ConCulaind, LU 64a5 (= TBC-I¹ 781 ). TBC-LL¹ 2091 .

fostaigid, fastaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fostaigid, fastaigid or dil.ie/24126

 

Forms: fastaithe

v g (< fossad? Cf. fostaid).

(a) leg. term makes fast, secures, binds: is cain ḟastaigter (gl. con-suiter), Laws v 6.17 Comm. is cain ḟastaigter do reir dligid na cuir ... (consuiter dliged fo coraib ...) well-established is the truth, ib. y 0 . (Cf. is fastaithe , Laws iii 506 z rendered `it is binding,' but the form seems intended as vb. necess.: is to be stopped).

(b) holds back, detains; retains: (some exx. here may rather have sense c) cia crúth no fastaithfed indí Patraic, ACL iii 10.21 ( Trip.² 226 ) = modum quo Patricium in suo retineret servitio Trip. 20.17 ( Trip.² p. 12 ). romarbh Ercuil in fodhmoir ┐ rofhostoigh [leg. -óidh ? Cf. fostaid] se a bancheile .i. Dianíra, Stair Erc. 2301 . do dhiúltadar fir Éireann dona fileadhaibh, gur ḟostuidheadar Ulaidh ... iad, Keat., iii 1256 . na longa ... nó fostaighthi leósum do corránaibh iarnaidhibh were held fast by grappling-irons CCath. 1986 .

(c) engages, hires: rofostaigh se da cet ridiri, ZCP vi 51.10 . ro fostaidh iarla S. me do cogud, 104.32 . d'fostoigh [leg. -óidh ?] sé ... céd míle fear ... le céud tallann airgid, 2 Chron. xxv 6 . tuarasdal an té ḟoisteochthair, Levit. xix 13 .

ithlann, ithla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ithlann, ithla or dil.ie/29165

 

Forms: ithlann, ithla, ithland, ithla, iothlann, ithlu, ithlaind, iothlann, ithlaind, iothluinn, ithlanda, iothlanna, ithlannaib

n ā, f. and n, f. (ith) ithlann is the earlier form, from which ithla is a re-formation, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii § 356 . n s. ithland, Laws iii 284.1 . ithla (choitcend), Laws i 140.12 Comm. O'Curry 1266 (< H 3.18, p. 512 ). RC xxiv 381.4 . iothlann, TSh. 9693. a s. ithlu, LB 154b27 . ithlaind, Laws i 124.16 . g s. iothlann, 23 B 37, p. 47b7 . d s. ithlaind, Sg. 68a6 . iothluinn, IGT Decl. ex. 1953. n p. ithlanda, IT iii 92 § 138. a p. iothlanna, IGT Decl. ex. 1954. d p. ithlannaib, CCath. 6023.

(a) a threshing floor, barn, granary, storehouse: lann .i. ithlann no ferann ... amail lia is comarba, laighes isinn ithlainn `... who lies in the threshing floor,' O'Dav. 1168. isind ithlaind gl. in area, Sg. 68a6 . at imda a ithlanda, IT iii 92 § 138. bla etha ithland .i. slan don ti do ni in n-ithilaind (sic) in etha `the exemption as regards corn in a haggard ...,' Laws iii 284. 1 - 2 (Text and Comm.). ar ithlaind ┐ lambroin, v 88.11 Comm. im saball i n-aimsir etha, im ithlaind i cuitib `for a haggard in shares,' i 124.16 . nó conairmestur gainemh mara nó ithla na héngrainneib `jusqu'à ce que l'on compte ... l'aire grain par grain,' RC xxiv 381.4 . rochennaig ... oorna a hithlaind tuaircni orba, Rawl. 79a10 . ni facbatís tech na uaim na ithlu, ... cen tochailt, LB 154b27 . budh malluighthe thú san bhfearann, budh malluighthe th'iothlann `maledictum horreum tuum,' TSh. 9693

Metaph. i mbuailibh bais ┐ inn ithlannaib ecca `in threshing-floors of dissolution,' CCath. 6023. corbam cruithnecht it it[h]lainn | i lō loiscthi na cātha (addressing God), Ériu iii 31 § 24. do lón an ionnracais i n-iothlannaibh aigeanta na n-anam, TSh. 6349.

(b) a garden, an orchard ?: ni ḟuair oen ubhull in a hithlainn `in horto suo ,' Lat. Lives 75.13 .

Compd. ¤chuile storehouse, grain-store: lán arbha i ngach iothlannchuilidh, DDána 89 § 22.

mithig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mithig or dil.ie/32384

 

Forms: mithich, mithig, mithid, mithe, mithid

indecl. adj. O.Ir. mithich; mithig, Wb. 4c37 , 31a19 . Occas. mithid, mithe in late MSS. Timely, seasonable ; used as pred. with cop. it is time (for something, to do someth.). is mithich forchenn furi it is time it should have an end, Ml. 118d6 . corrup mithich gabáil ferainn do, Wb. 19d3 . intain be[s] mithich (= tempore suo ), 20c15 . is mithig cobair d'Adam, SR 1916. ba m.¤ [mithid v.l.] far tíchtu, Fél. Ep. 394. intan bá m.¤ tabairt biid dóib, IT i 137.13 . is m.¤ ind ingen don mac-sa, LL 279b22 (= SG i 414.16 ; `filio isti jam tempus est filia tradatur', ii 450 ). ropo m.¤ dér n-a díaid, 375a44 . m.¤ anad do báesaib, ACL iii 215 § 3. is m.¤ dom it is time for me (to . . .): is mithich dún in tinnscital, ZCP viii 175.25 (Laon Glosses). m.¤ dún dul d'a dígail, CRR 5. m.¤ dam-sa dul for cel, LU 3047. anuair do connairc cur m.¤ dó, dochóidh, Maund. 31. as mithi dhuit do thionsgan, Mac Aingil 73.2 . is m.¤ limm I deem it time (to . . .): intain ropo mithich lasin n-athir, Wb. 19b7 . Ml. 59d7 . ropa m.¤ lind techt co hEmain, TBC-LL¹ 1194 = robadh maith, St. is mithid linn tu dhul uainn, Oss. iv 24.12 . a thigerna, foir orum in tan is mithi let, ZCP vi 286.22 . gur mhithe lē . . . feronn dḟaghail, Ériu v 78.10 . Rarely as subst. with poss. pron.: in tan tanic a m.¤ when the time came for it, PH 5109. dar limsa táinec a mithi duit, O'Gr. Cat. 138.15. mithigh (mithibh v.l.) .i. techtai (i.e. proper, fitting ) O'Dav. 1209. mithid, Dinneen .

1 ríar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ríar or dil.ie/35223
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: reir, réir, ríara, réir, ríar, réir

n ā, f., a s. reir, Ml. 103b16 . d s. réir. n p. ríara. In later Mid.Ir. also masc.; n s. réir (treated as fem.) also occurs. ríar m. (g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 95 (p. 127. 6) . réir f., § 14.18 .

(a) will, wish, oft. of expression of will demand, request; decision ; with subj. gen. mad mo ríar-sa dognethe, Wb. 9d25 . `iss í mo riar-sa' ol C. `a dul-si isind les caillech', Mon. Tall. § 7 . do riar duit, a c[h]leirig !, BColm. 50.17 . dorón-sa do réir-siu, a Rí may I do thy will , Fél. Prol. 269 . dligid athair a ōgrēir every father is entitled to his full will (i.e. entire obedience), Anecd. iii 14.15 . ro-das-bennach Finnia féig | combad chennach dia c[h]óemréir, LU 4296 . nir cumaingset a riar don airdri could not obtain their will of the highking , BNnÉ 324.1 (= ni bhfuairsid a réir on a., St.). do tabairt réiri Pátraic to do P.'s will , Trip. 164.25 . dorinne [Ádhamh] mí-réir Dé do dhéanamh réire Éabha, TSh. 3529 . no telgedh urcar a riara dhíbh used to hurl a cast of them at his will , CCath. 3843 cf. BDD 88 (= LU 7227 ). co tardsat Ula[i]dh eteredha a riara fein do D. hostages of his own choice , AU ii 86.11 (a. 1111). comad do denum a riar-som tanic to fulfil his commands , Cog. 130.18 . With prep.: a reir leaga according to the physician's directions , Ériu xii 22 § 27 .

do réir with gen.

(a) at the will of, obedient to : masu du réir spirito ataaith, Wb. 20b16 . ar buid doib du reir Dae, Ml. 96b3 . aṅgeil . . . do reir Dé fri techtairecht, SR 690 . bí dom réir obey me , CRR 53 . co rabais ós cach ocus cach dot reir (advice to a king), LL 148a41 ( KMMisc. 262 § 14 ). dosbēra a náimtiu dia reir will subdue , PH 3950 . nī fil i nHérind mac as ḟerr do rēir a athar more obedient to his father , RC xiii 383.2 ( LL 272a45 ). in cenn do bithre[i]r na mball, na baill do bith-reir in cintt ever at the service of , ZCP vii 298.5 .

(b) on the authority of, according to : do réir léx ┐ chanóine, PH 7561 . ticdis a ndruíde . . . do reir a n-uird, 335 . do reir gheallamhnaibh De, Luc. Fid. 223.21 . As conj. do réir amal, do réir mar: do réir amal ba bés dona geintib, TTr. 484 . do reir amal frit[h] iat, CCath. 4410 . do réir mar ráinig a leas according as the need has arisen , Content. viii 10 . do réir mar léaghthar san ochtmhadh caibidil, TSh. 20 . Cf. also: iad do reir spere no compais comcruind `ranged in a circle like sphere or compass', ZCP vi 59.3 . dá réir ní measda maighdean compared with her no maiden is to be esteemed , A. Ó Dálaigh xi 1 . nitear sin a réir a chéile 'in due order, systematically (?)' SGS xviii 106.15 .

fo réir with gen.

(a) under the will (domination) of: fo a réir, gl. in passione desiderii, Wb. 25b3 . air nibu fua réir fesin boi-som, gl. iudicio suo , Ml. 14b13 ; cf. ro boí fo mam augairi aili ┐ fua ráer, gl. sub magisterio, 100b16 (cua, Thes.). críoch . . . fá riar ainbhfine eachtronn, TSh. 5367 .

(b) at loose, at liberty (late use, prob. = fo a reir under his own control ): ní dleaghar iarnach orra . . . acht bheith fa réir they must not be ironed, but have their liberty , TD 9.25 . da mbeith se fein fa réir, L. Chl. S. 40 § 30 . ni bhiodh do chuibhreach ortha acht slabrad oir no a mbeith fa reir, ib. 118 (quoted from Celtic Scotland iii 465 ). fá réir `free, loose', Eg. Gl. 526 .

téit (dotéit) i rréir (with gen.) submits to, accepts the decision of; etir in n-áis dut[h]iagat inna réir, Ml. 103b16 . cach n-imresain bís isin tig . . . is ina réir tiagait uli every quarrel . . . is decided by him , BDD 85 . techt immi . . . i rréir nAilella to submit to A.'s decision about it , FB 16 . táncas i rréir Maic Con the matter was submitted to M. for decision , RC xiii 460 § 63 . dothaet . . . i re[i]r nAdamnain, Anecd. ii 12.15 . Cf. dom réir thigdís gach lá, Content. i 7 .

ic réir: no bíd cách icot ógréir, TFerbe 278 .

tar réir: hō luid Adam tar réir transgressed [God's] will , Wb. 3c37 . This expression seems to have become petrified and is used without gen.: co ndeochaid in t-archaingel dar reir, Ériu ii 108 § 22 . gel-c[h]ruth teite tar reir beauty that transgresses , ZCP vi 267 § 11 .

arusc réire `a saying (word) of will ', introducing an arbitrary example or illustration of a foregoing statement, for instance , Lat. exempli gratiâ: amal nad techta nech a siansu corai intan ṁbís i mmescai arusc rere ní aicci ni lia mescai for instance, he sees nothing for his drunkenness , Ml. 94c3 . cid arfaoma anmchardine neich bess siniu indas, aruscc rere de aiti no sinserbrathair of one older than himself, for instance a tutor or elder brother , Mon. Tall. 79 . taurthait .i. arosc reire .i. foceirrdi aurchur n-úait, etc., LL 179a37 ( Thr. Ir. Gl. 44 ) = arosc friaré, LB ( Corm. 43 ) (a mistake perh. due to confusion of re- with prep.) = uerbi gratia, Corm. Y 1229 . ardrosc rere .i. uerbi gracia , O'Dav. 84 . In IT iii 102 § 192 arosc rere (sic leg.) seems used as name of a kind of verse, but prob. the name (for which see 49 § 89 ) has fallen out, and `a. r.¤ ' is meant to introduce the illustration given.

(b) demand, stipulation, rule ; in legal texts used (1) of a `flaith' or lord to denote the stipulations which he makes with the `céle' or tenant, (2) of a judge's decision as to what the defendant shall pay, (3) in pl. of services, tributes, etc. due from a céle ; see ZCP xiv 368 . it luga a meatha ┐ a riar side the penalties and stipulations are less in that case , xiv 367.28 . dligid rath rīara, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 16.14 . intí loingess nad-oige reir di troscud he who eats without fulfilling the demand on the score of fasting , ZCP xv 261 § 4 (i.e. the debtor whose creditor `fasts on' him and who eats without satisfying the creditor's claim). intī troisces tar taircsin rēir[e] dō who fasts beyond the offer of his demand , § 5 (i.e. the creditor who persists in fasting after satisfaction has been offered him). Of a legal verdict or assessment: asrin Eochu Domlén .l. bō dī . . . a rréir Cormaic by (lit. out of) the sentence of C. , ZCP viii 319.31 . dligid in t-epscop cumail de asa réir budesin no a réir neich bus chomgrad dó, Ériu i 219 § 7 . cach breithemhnacht uile berar ar aicedhaibh ┐ ferannaibh, is riar is ráite ré gach ni díbh, H 3.17 c. 549 ( O'D. 764 ), i.e. `ríar' is a general term for all judgements of the class.

(c) of claims (to compensation, tribute, etc.) made by a king or abbot: co ruc giallu o mac M. . . . ┐ a reír o Gallaib, RC xvii 388.7 . go bhfuair géill Osraighe ┐ a réir féin, Ériu i 79.8 . dofarcaid M. a réir dó di ṡétaib offered him his own award of valuables , Imr. Brain 46.11 = dofarraid, LU 10950 . tanic rí Lagen . . . cona réir do rig Erend came to the king of Ireland bringing the compensation demanded by him , LL 375b38 . go ttaratt . . . a riar fein d'Ua Neill, AFM vi 2146.18 . do tabairt a riara do tsedaib ┐ mainib dó, Anecd. ii 77 y . ro imposat cen riar without [obtaining] their demands , RC xviii 300.22 . Of clergy: Domnall . . . comarba Patraic for cuairt Ceniuil Eogain, co tuc a reir exacted his dues , AU ii 50.5 , cf. 76.13 . AFM ii 990.9 .

(d) of supplying physical needs, attendance, hospitality, maintenance ; in early lit. this sense is implied in the fundamental one; later the follg. gen. is often in objective relation. boí in ben día réir co fothrocud ┐ co folcud ┐ co lennaib, LU 9047 ( FB 79 ). amlaid sin tra ro ordaig Dia do clainn Israel reir na heclaisi do denum ┐ in eclais do reir do chach i coitchinde that they should serve the Tabernacle and that all should serve it , LB 123a53 . acc ríar gach fir do bhiadh 's do lionn, BNnÉ 287 § 275 . do dénamh réire ferainn doibh to make provision of land for them , 35 § 58 . ré hucht na comhdhála do riar `before the company were served', Keat. ii 3910 . a mhuinntir do riar don mhin, TSh. 4927 . riar aoidheadh, L. Cl. A. B. 250 § 41 . tuc . . . reir aīghedh ar echtranduibh, Irish Texts ii 90 § 30 . Of maintenance of poets (esp. in late poetry): cothughadh cliar . . . riar na héigse, Keat. Poems 1410 . doní sgol do réir, Ir. Monthly 1919 225.11 (= DDána 99.11 ). ag ríar ar mhuirear, ar chléir, ar dháimh, O'Rah. x 23 (ed. 1911) . riar don chléir, Ó Bruad. ii 130.10 . Hence O'R.: riar `distribution'; riara `victuals'. Of serving a parish: má bhíonn dhá pharráisde ina gcúram ar an sagart ┐ nach féadfadh a riar araon le haon aifrinn, Eochairsg. 118.26 .

(e) submitting to, obeying , with obj. gen. This sense is already implied in some exx. from early lit.: cech dílmain . . . fil cen recht, cen réir `without (monastic) rule, without obedience', Fél. 4.13 . eólaige rebraid, aneólaige réire `unskilled in obedience', Tec. Corm. § 16.80 (of women). gan ríar an ríogh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 9 . ni heidir Dia do riar gan creideamh, Luc. Fid. 360.9 . ó nach tig riar an dá rann since I cannot agree with both parties (in a dispute), Content. ix 17 .

(f) as a verbal noun subduing, governing : srian rea corp in gach corgus | oc riar na n-ocht n-imarbus `subduing the eight (deadly) sins' (of Maedóc of Ferns), BNnÉ 282.28 . fá riar ainbhfine eachtronn under foreign rule , TSh. 5367 .

Compd. gabais Niall . . . ríge riarglain sovranty of pure (undisputed) obedience (?), LL 181b49 ( Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 20 ).

roth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. roth or dil.ie/35585
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: routh, roith, rotha, roth, rotha, rothadha, roth, roith-néll

n o, m. (cf. W. rhod) d s. i routh , Wb. 11a3 (a primâ manu). n p. roith, rotha. roth m. (g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 95 (p. 127.24) . In early Mod.Ir. n s. rotha occurs (Bedell, Eccles. xii 6 ), pl. rothadha ( Ezekiel i 20 ; FM).

(a) something circular, or wheel-shaped : roth a rotá .i. ōn c[h]ūairt, Corm. Y 1087 (a false etymology; the word is native, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 33 ). roth, gl. rota, Ir. Gl. 227 . roth cruind forsa-ndenat na cerda in[na] lestrai, gl. rotae, Ml. 18b4 . dona rothib (gl. rotis), Gild. Lor. 119 . Esp. (a) a wheel (of a vehicle): droch .i. roth carpait, O'Mulc. 350 . roth nó fonnud nó fertas . . . in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 772 . du. nechtar in dá roth (.i. fonnod) iarndae in carpait, LU 5180 ( TBC-I¹ 701 ), where it is used of the outer rim or tyre of a wheel. hi carput dā rath, Hy. v 84 (metri gratiâ). Pl. nom thescfat roith iarnaide in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 1340 . dollotar rotha iarnaidi in carpait hi talmain, 2640 . ruamghail na roth, CCath. 1834 . ni bhí in cathair . . . gin míli roth for fenaibh ┐ damhuibh ┐ asanaibh ac togluasacht ṡida, Marco P. 70 . ro fucctha . . . rothadha faoí dia fhógluasacht, AFM vi 1980.10 . Meton. the vehicle itself: nír imthige fri roth `do not race against a wheel (i.e. chariot )', Tec. Corm. § 19.9 . ag dol i roth isin aier, AFM a. 553 = in curru suó , RC xvii 142 (Tig.). leth ruith ┐ leth gobra half [of them] in chariots and half on horseback (?), BDD 51 (of advancing warriors). Of other wheels: lúathidir roth [m]búali, BDD 127 , cf. FB 87 (a mill-wheel turned by water, see ZCP i 94 , 98 ). Of a wheel for torture: roth mor . . . ┐ bera áithe ┐ clóidbe . . . in a medon, PH 1204 .

(b) a disc or sphere : rotha grene ┐ escai, Marco P. 68 . doimchellat na renda roth cruinn in domuin, Ériu ii 106 § 19 . ardruiri ind roith rigda ail | garg-ruide fri croich coem-nair, SR 1077 ; i.e. of the circular universe? but 1078 suggests the circular panel at the juncture of the cross-arms, on which in Irish high-crosses the Crucifixion was often depicted; cf. .xx. pars inna cuairt-roth `circle-wheel' (of the centre of the cross), Thes. ii 255.4 ( Stowe M. 65b ). gu Rīg na roth, ZCP vii 304 § 17 . a gac[h] rotha do rothaib [rothaidhibh v.l.] na firmaminti spheres , ITS xiv 68.7 . in roth árd . . . reithes grian (of the Zodiac), MR 112.20 . See also rothchles(s) below.

(c) a circular brooch, wheel-brooch : atcondarc roth n-óir isin brut ara bélaib, BDD 99 . roth creda sin brutt, TBC-LL¹ 5401 = delcc, St. cu ndechutar do chunchid roith croi for Aed mac Ainmirech .i. delg nos-facbad cech rig diaroile, LB 238cb23 , cf. RC xx 421 . a chneas-léine . . . gona teóra roth . . . do dhearg-ór, ML 110.29 . roth credha .i. dealg, O'Cl.

(d) in follg. exx. appar. of circular torques or fillets encircling neck or head: rotha derga tentide for sírlasad imma mbrágtib, FA 28 . atchíu [a] ardroth n-imnaisse | imma chend, BDD 100 (e) . Cf. cóicroth óir . . . úas cach ae, 91 . Of (? concentric) circles traced as ornament on a shield: dondscīath . . . co cōic roth ōir co mbil findruine fair, TBC-I¹ 2045 . cromscīath . . . co trī radhaib ro-dēnma, 2339 . Cf. the story of Cuchulainn's shield, Ériu v 72 and xi 54 , Macalister Archaeology of Irel. 146 .

(e) a loop, noose : atnaig a cend i ruth gait in the noose of a gad , Metr. Dinds. iii 252.127 (see note). Hence prob. O'Cl.: ruth ghaid .i. rathán gadraigh. ruth `a chain, link ', O'R.

(f) in TBC-LL¹ 5590 fg . (Stowe) used of movable war-machines mounted on wheels: tri rúada rot[h]a, 5591 . ar cach roth nét dona teoraibh rothaibh, 5604 .

(g) roth rámach `rowing (?) wheel', name of a fabulous flying-machine , see rámach. The term roth may denote the circular body, or car, of the machine.

(h) fig. uses: roth creth `circle of science', RC xx 44 (ACC Introd.) = roth cráed (.i. filidecht), LU 354 . roth soithe (name of a metre?), IT iii 36 § 18 , also called r.¤ soadh (= suadh?), ib. i roth na réime aimseardha revolution , TSh. 537 . rochtain . . . go roth uachtrach urchóide the topmost revolution (i.e. zenith) of iniquity , Hackett xliii 42 . eo Rosa, | roth ruirech | recht flatha, 'a king's circle' LL iv 27650 , Bondarenko 278, 281 .

Compds. ¤chles(s) n name of a feat or game of skill : LU 9291 . FB 30 . Ériu iv 30.11 . oc cur in rothclessa, FB 64 (where it is described; the `roth' was appar. a disc or quoit hurled into the air). ¤gal: tucsatar . . . craithed neim-meirtnech do rothgail ro-tren `twirling' (of wrestlers), MR 256.5 . ¤impód: ag roithled ┐ ag roth-impod aroile twirling , MR 256.18 . ruathar . . . ag roith-lingeadh orra wheeling round them (?), TSh. 6635 . roith-néll a whirling cloud (i.e. dizziness ), MR 270.2 . ? ¤richt wheel-shape, circular form : Tech Duind . . . rothricht ré lan ler fethaigthi, IT iii 22 § 66 = rodrict, 49 § 88 (LL), ródrícht, ib. (BB), rath righ, 98 § 161 ; Meyer Bruchst. i § 133 emends: rāith rīg.

sanas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sanas or dil.ie/36175
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: sanas, sanais

n ā, f. n s. freq. also -ais. sanas o, m. (g s. and n p. -ais, -asa), IGT Decl. § 38 (87.20) . sanais f., § 150 . s.¤ .i. sain-fis, Corm. Y 1133 . s.¤ .i. sainfhios .i. fios sainigthe dearscaighthe. s.¤ .i. cogar, O'Cl. ? sainis gl. contionem, , CMCS xv 12 n. 50 (Vatican, MS Regin. lat. 296, fo. 15a2) .

(a) whisper, act of whispering, private communication : is airdarcu dúin s.¤ ná da neoch aile éigem a whisper is clearer to us than is a shout to another man, MU² 280 . bā sanais fri bodar `whispering to the deaf' (a hopeless task), MacCongl. 71.23 . descaid braith sanuis a whisper is a sign of treachery, Anecd. iii 15.21 . fri Chríst carsait sanais they loved private communion with C., Fél. Mar. 15 . do-chluin sé na sanasa, IGT Decl. ex. 1017 .

(b) privacy, secrecy : aisnēis i táu .i. i sanuis in secret, Corm. Y 1204 . is i sanasaib ferthair (rhet.), TBC-I¹ 1064 . atbér-sa frit-sa . . . i sanais in ní imráidim in private, secretly, PH 1769 . ar se fáthaib . . . gabar in pater i sanais, 7995 . cech comairli derrit bis eter na cairdib, is a sanais is coir a dénum, 8004 . fer bes dech dib is oen i sanais la rí Caisil becomes the confidant of (?), Irish Texts i 20.4 . triar dia rig hi sanais la ri Caisil, 9 . ma mna taiti a sanais secretly, Laws i 190.28 Comm . is techta athchor (sic leg.) mac sula ┐ sanaisi children not acknowledged by their father (?), iii 542.8 Comm . rop slúagach i ndálaib, rop úathad i sanasaib `in secret councils', Tec. Corm. 6.36 . do shlan uaim a Athsa toir | ac nar suaill m'ághsa an alloin | ni guth ort a sanus soin | olc do gabhus ré Galluib the secret of it (?), Irish Texts ii 10 § 2 .

(c) (secret) advice, counsel: sanais int Shatain do chéin | dorad síl Adhaim i péin, | sanais Isu dosucc as, Ériu ix 67 . togbail sanaisi .i. na flatha dó revealing the chief's counsel (plan?), O'Curry 1023 ( H 3.18, 431b ), see Thurn. ZCP xvi 407 . fer comairli ┐ sanais, RC xliii 60.7 . fer sanais (sic), TBC-I¹ 972 (rhet.) = LU 5447 . ? mac sanaisi .i. mac in fir graidh, O'Curry 2290 ( Eg. 88, 21d ). ? na tiag do eipirt sanaise i tau, LL 330e8 = ni thiag tu do epirt sanaisi in tsanais bermaisin me . . ., ZCP xiii 340.13 = dobert sanaise, viii 329.26 . ó shúdh shainnsi, IGT Decl. ex. 1994 .

(d) in bad sense bad advice, instigation : `mé dorad' ar deman dub | `sanus d'Iudas', Ériu iv 114 § 13 . s.¤ nemhe na námod `the venomous whisper of rivals', 212 § 3 . tri sanasa saeba noem n-Erenn the three crooked counsels (i.e. the cutting short of Ciarán's life, the banishment of Colum C., the expulsion of Mochuda from Rathen), Fél. 204.12 , cf. Trip. 556.4 . teora saobha sanasa (of the same), BNnÉ 302 § 9 . an tan do bheir an diabhal sanais do dhuine, Ó Héodhusa 179.10 . ōs iad nach trēicfedh sinn amail do-rinne Maicniadh ar sechnai-ne le sanasuib Saidhbhi, ML² 1556 .

(e) in name of Cormac's Glossary, Sanas Chormaic. Cf. in suo silentio Cormaccus de hóc nomine disputando possuit, RC xv 278.13 . triath .i. rí . . . ut est in (sic leg.) silentio, O'Curry 120 ( H 3.18, 74a ).

(f) the Annunciation : tic sanais da Muiri mhōir, ACL iii 244 § 11 . ria feil Muiri na sainse, ZCP iii 226.15 . mór an ní as fhiu an éanshanuis, Aithd. D. 60.21 . maighdean dá dtugadh sanais sin, PBocht 2.14 . tosach sídh s.¤ Gaibriail, A. Ó Dálaigh i 1 . isin tshollamuin so na sanuissi coimhdeta, Smaointe B. Chr. 327 . sanais iar ccáiscc ┐ deasgabhail i n-earrach, AFM v 1662. 17 . go tempall Muire na sanuissi, Fl. Earls 208.y . Muire . . . mar do gab toirches ó shanais Gaibrieil, Maund. 116 .

Compd. truagh mo sanuslaidh `my secret song', BS 96.1 . Cf. sanglaoidh .i. láoidh no roinn do nithear a sanais no go mín: truagh mo sangláoidh .i. as truagh an laoidh do ním a sanais no go mín, O'Cl.

snaidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. snaidm or dil.ie/38123
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: snaidhm

n Mid. and Mod.Ir. form of naidm(m), q.v. snaidhm, m., IGT Decl. § 41 . See also Verbs § 68 .

(a) knot : no tesccadh . . . snadmann na ngad, CCath. 3980 . fri síned na snadmand, LB 120b55 . s.¤ ar théid, IGT Verbs ex. 818 . do ben slatt . . . findchuill . . . ┐ tuc s.¤ ara barr tied a knot on the end of it, Comp. CC 120.15 . snaidh[m] retha noose, ZCP vi 297.4 . ? a coíg do seangand ba s.¤ | gu rosmarbh Fiacha, BB 31a1 . act of knotting : súainimh re sleaghaibh dá snaidhm, IGT Decl. ex. 440 .

(b) Extended meanings. Of the coils of a serpent: nathair noi snadhma[nn] a serpent of nine coils, Manners and Customs ii 280 , l. 17 of note. Berbha o bruth nat[h]rach neimneach, | s.¤ dibh 'ma muinel meic Uair, Ériu x 82 § 58 . Of holds in wrestling: tugadar cuir borba ┐ snadhmanna arrachta, Stair Erc. 2396 . Of building, etc.: snaidhm na bruighne `the building of the hostel', Content. xxx 13 . snaidhm díamhair ar tháobh na táibhle (an architectural feature?), IGT Decl. ex. 1385 . snaidhm na gceathra gclár (of the making of the Cross), PBocht 5.7 . Of composing a poem: tuitfid lé sáer a snadma | mé red marbhna, IGT Decl. ex. 153 . In phrases: rosfaide 'na snadmaimm chatha do chathugud fri T. in battle-array, TTr.² 1460 . gur cuiretar snadmanna curad ar na corpaib, Celt. Rev. iii 204.6 . See cúach(ṡ)naidm. tri cealla | . . . | meince s.¤ druadh 'na timcheall, Acall. 938 (`magical contrivance for the defence of fortresses', Stokes). See V. SS. Hib. clxi n. 1 . Of rhyme : snaidhm gaídhilge agus a glas | créad bhriseas nó créad chláenas? 'what causes the binding of pronounciation and its clasp to be imperfect and what causes it to be incorrect?', Celtica xxvii 58 § 1 .

(c) act of binding by an agreement, contract, etc.; bond, pact, obligation: ar s.¤ a cor when his agreement had been bound, Ériu iv 226.9 . cach s.¤ co fiadnaib, ACL iii 227.44 . ni coir ben do s.¤ doib to bind a woman to them (in marriage), in gloss on: morseisir . . . arcuile coir urnadhma, Laws v 132.1 , 10 . a ts.¤ féin do cengal cáich = unusquisque in suo nodo alligatur, O'D. 626 ( H 3.17, 465 ). immar nascfe-su do ṡ., Ériu iv 106.13 . ainm an lissi cen lagad: | nách s.¤ dissi a derlagad? `obligation' (Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iii 62.116 . geibh ort a snaidhm sin aile, bur C. undertake that bond, ZCP viii 550.28 . fán snaidhm nár réidhigheadh ruinn the bond I did not loose, TD 30.16 . snaidhm rer námhaid, DDána 21.13 . Freq. with qual. gen., etc.: snaidhm caradraidh a pact of friendship, CCath. 1643 . do sgaoil snaidhm a síorchogaidh `undid the bond of their long war', Aithd. D. 60.22 . do réidhigh . . . | snaidhm cogaidh Chloinne U., DDána 101.54 . ro righneadar snadhmanna cuir ┐ ceangail, Oss. iii 78.13 . mé do bhíodh ag snaidhm na ngiall binding the hostages (i.e. by oath), Content. i 9 . gan snaidhm giall i ngeubhtha an chumha, L. Cl. A. B. 200.105 . ro daingnighset snadhmanna a sidha etarru guarantees for peace, CCath. 2569 . tráth chora snadhma ar an síth, IGT Decl. ex. 86 . snáth snadhma gacha síodha (the Cross), Aithd. D. 88.9 . snadhma sloinnidh bonds of kinship, DDána 40.20 .

(d) difficulty, strait, extremity, perplexity : dorinne C. gach s.¤ acasin do reidhiucchad (of three difficult tasks), Anecd. iii 2.23 . crann . . . | do fhóir soin ar snaidhm, PBocht 5.2 . O. as ainm don chlár | [gá] nach snaidhm lámh leam `which can easily help me', 5.5 . budh snaidhm don domhan do dhíon `it would be difficult for all the world to shelter thee', TD 20.26 . ráinig sí snaidhm a fulaing `she has reached the crisis of her suffering' (Ireland), Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 29 § 1 . do réidhigh . . . na snadhma `difficulties', Aithd. D. 6.27 . Of verbal difficulty puzzle, obscurity : atbér cen s.¤ co solus | a hainm without beating about the bush, KMMisc. 194.2 = Metr. Dinds. iii 292.3 . gibe do sccriobh, ní s.¤ sunn, | ainm gach riogh diobh aderam there is no difficulty here, BNnÉ 254 § 212 . ní snaidhm ar Bhrian a bheurla, | suil theurna giall airm órdha, L. Cl. A. B. 92.135 . Note also: do sgaoil d'fhádh snaidhm seantarngaireadh loosed the knot of (i.e. fulfilled) old prophecies (of a prince), DDána 89.18 .

Compds.: ¤cheist difficult question : d'fhúasgladh gach snaidhmcheasda don ogham, IGT Introd. § 102 . ¤chinnid `enounce as a binding doctrine', Desid. Gloss.: mar do shnaimchinn comhairle Triont, Mac Aingil 378.7 (cf. Desid. 4966 ). do snáimcinnedh é leis an egluis, 446.4 . gach ní dar snaidhmchinneadh inta (sc. in the Councils of the Church), 481.4 . vn.: dochum gach neith . . . d'órdughadh ┐ do snáidhmchinnedh, 499.2 . ¤ṡlige: feadhna re snaidhmshlighthibh dréacht do bhraith `involved ways of song', Ó Bruad. ii 206.3 .