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adannad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adannad or dil.ie/296
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: adandad, adnad, adhnadh, -aidh, -adha

vn. of ad-annai. Also adandad, adnad. adhnadh m. (g s. -aidh, -adha), IGT Decl. § 106 . Verbs § 45 . Also adaint.

(a) act of kindling, lighting, setting on fire: ic adnad chonnel, LB 122a9 . teinnte ┐ tendala dadhannadh, AFM vi 1932.12 . lesin cétadhnadh éscaidhe . . . ro derg . . . in t-aeor, CCath. 2326 . ar éis an éasga d'adhnadh, Aithd. D. 12.15 . is [s]uaill re n-adnadh con-eir few will rise before the kindling (of the fire of doom?), Ériu x 89 § 120 . ba tene ar adna (of a hero), TFerbe 311 . téighidh teannál an adhnaidh / sging reóidh an ruisg . . . `conflagration's firebrand thaws the film of frost', Studies 1921 420 § 17 . tapair adhanta (aghainte v.l.), IGT Verbs ex. 402 .

(b) act of inspiring, illuminating (fig.); inspiration: 'ar n-adhnadh ┐ 'ar lasad spiorat Naomh ann, BNnÉ 244 § 192 . a ngresacht ┐ a nadannad na ndóine on rath diada, Three Hom. 92.12 . rob adannad menman don lucht sin scela na T., TTebe 1163 . adnad fír dubad nach innsce inspiration of truth, SG 253.29 ( YBL 180b26 ).

(c) act of stirring up, inciting: rogabhsat for adhannadh ina ndíbercc as a haithle, `they became more violent in their insurrection', AFM vi 1880.17 . oc adannud Conain im iarraid na ingini, RC xiii 9.20 . d'adhnadh chogaidh ar cloinn Néill, Aithd. D. 28.18 . adhnadh orm to kindle my wrath, DDána 104.6 . d'ághnadh imreasan to kindle strife, Proverbs xxvi 21 . nír scáil aonta gan adnad i.e. agreement was not reached without trouble, SG 35.20 . adhnad a nuaichleas do-ní he urges himself to new exploits, DDána 91.44 . séis . . . a mheóir rithmhir / d'adhnadh an cheóil chuimhrighthe `to kindle the imprisoned music', Studies 1920, 99 § 14 .

(d) act of setting, going, beginning: ic adnad rand do roríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 182.204 . tuc M. . . ./ . . ./ adnad suthain saerberrtha `to begin the enduring custom of noble shaving', 334.8 . táinig adhnadh nósa an naoimh / don lósa . . ., PBocht 13.37 .

(e) waxing (of the moon): aithnigter adnad in re uirre ┐ fasaid si re hadnad in re, Celtica ii 79.300 . a naimsir agnada in re, ibid . a nadaint in re, 74 § 14 .

Cf. andud.

aicnetae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicnetae or dil.ie/810

Forms: aicenta, aicned

adj io, iā (aicned). Also aicenta. Some exx. included here may be attrib. g s. of aicned.

(a) natural (as oppd. to artificial, contrived): delb aicnete, Wb. 15b16 . nad rorthatar a rriuth na.¤ noreit(h)is dogres, Ml. 129d4 . in timthrecht naicnedti, 23a18 . inna folud naicneta, Sg. 188a13 . dechor ceníuil aicneti, 61a24 . donaib nephacnataib, Ml. 129d3 . in chonar aicenta . . . conar iarsa n-imthiget doine, ┐ conar saerda in chonar fugill, Cóic Con. 25.2 . fid aicenta fid na cailli ┐ fid saerda fid ind ogoim, Auraic. 855 . co na finib aicnedaib .i. a mic ┐ a nua, Laws iii 16.29, y Comm. don brig aicenta, Laws i 36.6 Comm. for ana[d] aiginta an tseoit, ii 18 z Comm. a foesum aicintu, 30.2 Comm. comorba aicinta natural heir (as opp. to an official successor), O'Curry 2318 ( Eg. 88 fo. 24 (25)c ). a aen Meic aicinta inn Athar neamda `only-begotten son', Ir. Lit. 2.9 . ina sosad aicenta `into its natural station', BColm. 54.30 . is . . . aigeanta imchubhaidh do'n ealadainsi, MR 94.13 . nach aitheóntaoi beitheadhach droigheachta seach beitheadhach aicenta, Atlantis iv 172.9 . d'fhaghbhail t-síraidheachta in bhréntuis t-suthain ┐ na pian n-aicinta, ITS xxix 128.21 . mairg thugas neamhshuim a dteangainn fhíoraiginnta a dhuthaoi féin, O'Gr. Cat. 219.24 . laithe aicenta the natural day (24 hours) (as oppd. to l. sáerda (12 hours) the working day): a lobad ar cach laithe naicinta, Laws ii 4.15 Comm. laithi aicenta ┐ da laithi soérda, Ériu xi 46.17 . do'n ogh-laithi aigeanta, MR 106.11 . fri re laithe aicenta, AFM iii 42.9 . fín aicneta, see s.v. 1 fín.

(b) spirited, courageous: ris in rigraid n-arnaid n-aiccendta n-allata, TTebe 706 . ceithri ceathramna certa / um ronn is rádh n-aigenta, IGT Decl. ex. 308 . See also compounds of 1 ard with adjj.

2 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ail or dil.ie/955

Forms: oil, oil, oili

n f. g s. -e Also oil. oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 . Prob. same word as 1 ail, see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 207 .

(a) disgrace, reproach; act of reproaching: a.¤ .i. imdergad, O'Dav. 64 . a.¤ .i. aindsearg (-serc?), Stowe Gl. 201 . a.¤ .i. athais. a.¤ .i. náireach, O'Cl. mó alib (mou álib, LB) imdergad Emnae, Corm. Tr. 110.7 . forsin mnai dodechaid dott aíl who came to insult you, LL 273b47 . m'a.¤ ┐ m' airbire, Acall. 4502 v.l. teccait āigid, fācboit a.¤ , ZCP xii 292.9 . eochair aile opad a refusal is the cause of reproach, ZCP vi 270 § 6 . co mbad a.¤ ┐ co mbad athis for Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1586 . bec lat-su a.¤ (sic leg.) form-sa ┐ forsind eclais, MacCongl. 35.9 . `gail chon ar othrach' a a.¤ ar laechḟoirnib Laigen, MR 124.3 . tucastar a.¤ ┐ aithis ar an óclach ele, Acall. 1348 . cáinthear mé nó do gheibhim oil nó athais, Desid. 2205 . nach ffuair tathaoír na toibheim a.¤ no athais, AFM v 1822.19 . ní fhúigfead-sa an oil sin ar mo fhine, ML 106.4 . fir . . . nach [uar] a.¤ , DDána 87.9 . gé do bhí d'Fhearghus 'n-a oil / meabhal mic Fhachtna Fháthaigh, Aithd. D. 8.11 . ní breis aoire ná oile `profit springing not from base abuse', Ó Bruad. ii 238.5 . oil oll .i. aithis mhór, Keat. ii 4378 . ?Attrib. g s. corp oile `an evil body' Aithd. D. 62.14 . In cheville: Jacōb mac Ailphi cen a.¤ , Ériu iii 196 § 17 . clu cen a.¤ , MR 46.11 . In phrase a.¤ bréithre verbal insult: acht a.¤ brethri do ḟacbáil forro co bráth conna turgebtais a n-aigthe la Gaedelu, RC viii 50.10 . is teidmech ind a.¤ breithre facbaisiu for in tírse, Dinds. 127 ( RC xvi 79 ). a.¤ brethri do tabairt air fein, Cog. 146.13 . in oil bréithre tuc M. air `the verbal affront', Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.15 . digliunn a n-ail ailib cainib . . . a.¤ briathra do reir sin, O'Dav. 631 . In physical sense blemish, defect: is oll in a.¤ fil forsin fer (expl. of name Ailill), Cóir Anm. § 41 .

(b) Name of a type of satire (`insult', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 204 ): cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisnes ┐ a.¤ ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 (= Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). a.¤ . . . .i. a.¤ leasanma lenas do neoch no athais mbretri, 12 (ib.). atait secht cinela aire . . . a.¤ suthuin, Laws v 228.y . an a.¤ suthain ┐ an les-ainm lenas, 234.7 Comm. a.¤ suthain , Ériu xiii 37.11 . conderntáis . . . téora glamma dícend go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, a.¤ ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 .

(c) misfortune (esp. of death or wounding in battle): mor marb, mór atbai, mór a.¤ atcūinfet Gaoideil, ZCP xiii 381.8 (Baile in Scáil). mór a.¤ atbath ind ríí, 14 (id.). dighail cath A. i n-ebbela cach amra firfid a.¤ uchbad, ZCP xii 232 § 43 (id.). cach a ngontais, cían ind a.¤ (cheville), Metr. Dinds. iii 164.11 . Perh. also: ag díon a oighreachda ar oil / meinic do dhearg a ndebhthoibh / lann . . ., O'Hara 3055 . díogha gaisgidh goin ar ghoin / oil i n-aisgidh ní fhaghthoir, Aithd. D. 74.2 .

Cf. ailbéimm and 2 ailech.

? airchar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? airchar or dil.ie/1685

ind irchaire .i. iar-chairdius .i. cara ēgnairce ut dicitur: irchar cach finechair, Corm. Y 792 . ni haircair munab samlaid .i. nochu suthain carthanach lais a fiallach cairde munap amlaid do ne sé, O'Curry 522 ( H 3.18, 262a ). See airchaire.

aircholl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aircholl or dil.ie/1745

n spancel, fetter: urcholl fo na gamnaib, Laws iv 86.2 Comm. = urcomail, O'D. 1558 (H. 5.15, 2a). cuirid urchall na hurchóide faoi, TSh. 7353 . Perh. add fir (leg. sir) .i. suthain .i. ercol breth andso, O'Dav. 312 (H. 3. 18, 388b); cf. Laws iv 50.12

augra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. augra or dil.ie/4988

Forms: ogra, ugra, augrai, hugra

n (-ae). Later ogra, ugra. Orig. gender and infl. doubtful. n s. ind a.¤ , O'Mulc. 67 . g s. ind augrai , BDD² 236 , na hugra , Aen. 1718 .

(a) strife, contention, quarrel: is loch cechonrualat augre n-aitherach, ZCP viii 308.23 . ná derntar isin domnach ceist ná caingen . . . ná augrai, Ériu ii 200 § 17 . ní ahurrais a.¤ do dá moghud, BDD² 181 . ri Erenn co fresabra .i. co nudhra fris opposition, O'Curry 1260 (H 3.18, 509). fogní duthain cech ugra / mar eó suthain sen-Mugna, Metr. Dinds. iii 144.15 . ughra gacha h-arechta, Cog. 96.26 .

In proverbs, etc.: trí seithir ferge: écnach, a.¤, doithnges, Triads 213 . atcota aichne a.¤ , Anecd. iii 11.13 . rúnaid cách co ugra, Tec. Corm. § 31.16 . nibat cond ugrai, LL 345a48 . tossach augrai athchosan, b18 ( Anecd. iii 16.2 ). Women are said to be: ecundla airechta, airrechtga ugrai, Tec. Corm. § 16.20 . tuillmecha augrai, 51 .

(b) battle, fight, conflict: fochen Labraid Luáth lam ar claideb a.¤ , LU 3397 ( SCC 18 ). Síl Conaill Glaiss / meic Éich ba ercdaid ogra, LL 16143 . Aodh net nat imcaibh oghru, AFM i 408.3 . co nach berdis a bhrogha d'ughra na d'foireicen uad, MR 148.11 . ughra .i. deabhaidh no cathughadh, O'Cl.

In phrases with other words: da cleith ugra (of two heroes), Cog. 56.24 . ba h-athchungid ugra insaigid fair asking for trouble, LL 225b8 ( TTr. 609 ). cuinchid ugra, BB 419b9 . do chuingidh ughra ┐ deabhtha, AFM vi 2214.11 . is cur lam for ugra sain (of a warrior), TBC-LL¹ 5276 . iomaireacc nucchra, AFM ii 962.2 . nirbo hobadh a.¤ . . . in ceim sin, CCath. 4900 . do bherat saigin n-ughra for aroile gan nach ndánatus deabhtha `skirmishes', AFM vi 2212.6 .

béo

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béo or dil.ie/5671
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: béu, béu, mbi, bii, -bíi, béoa, beó, bh, beó, bíe, beoloiti

adj o, ā. In O. Ir. also béu (note n. pr. Beuchell, Sedulius Scottus, Monumenta Germaniae, Traube). See GOI § 204 , § 206 , § 352 . n s. b.¤ , Wb. 10b27 . béu, 13d6 , Ml. 44c11 . a s. f. mbi, Laws iv 218.17 Comm. n p m. bii. Wb. 3b6 , -bíi, 3b7 . a pl. béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . duine beó, g s. beó, bh, IGT Decl. § 205. bean beó, g s. beó, bíe, § 139 .

(a) (i) as attrib. living, quick (ii) as predic. adj. alive . (i) eclás Dé bíí, Fél.² i 20. ité uiui in dóini bí, Sg. 39a23 . na heoin beoa do gabail to catch the live birds, TBC-LL¹ 1334. Crist gunig gach mbeathaidh mbi (: eabraidhi) `Christ who controls all living life', Ériu xvii 74 § 8 ( Laws iv 218. 17 Comm. ). gē dosanntaig bhetha[id] mbī / nīr tsechain Rí an alltair ē earthly life, ZCP vii 304.2 . i lámhaibh an Dé bheó (= Dei viventis), TSh. 5397. Of fire: do theinid bī, ACL iii 242 § 7. Of spring water: benaid in talum . . . ┐ tanic topar usce bíí ass, PH 1338. lively, spirited (of a combat): troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529.

(ii) céin bas mb.¤ in fer gl. uiuit, Wb. 10b23 . is cundubart leu indat bii gl. qui . . . se uiuere nesciunt, ZCP vii 482.12 ( Enchir. Aug. 75b ). an beó do thigerna ? BDD² 1519. ro hadnaiced na geill . . . ┐ siad beoa `the hostages . . . were buried alive', RC xxiv 184 § 17. madh beo na daoine, Content. xxv 8 . living, alight (of fire): ní béu cid in teni, Trip. 10.17 . For the phr. béo bocht see 1 bocht.

(b) As subst. o, m. a living being; in spiritual or mythological sense an immortal: oc ascnam tíre tairṅgiri inna mb. `the Land of Promise of the Living', Wb. 11a19 . dodeochad- . . . a tírib beó áit inna bí bás nó peccad, LU 9996. cen sa écnach nach bí `without reviling any living thing', Ériu iii 104 § 40. ar nī fírḟlaith nad nīamat bi (bíí, v.l.) bennachtnaib whom the living do not glorify, ZCP xi 97 § 59. totchurethar bíi bithbi the ever-living ones invite you (i.e. Conle, to come to the other-world Land of the Living), LU 10027. is cumma barrurim biu ┐ marbu dó in like manner he enumerated for him the living and the dead, TBC-LL¹ 4761. amail bid bēo nobeith ann, ACL iii 5.15 . do mess for bíu ┐ marbu `to judge the quick and the dead', Ériu ii 194 § 7. gan beó, gan baistedach / aram (leg. ar) bith [c]āemh cé no living creature, ZCP viii 212.15 . beo gach buainchethra, Metr. Gl. 31 § 60. In spiritual sense: créud íad na beóa ar a ttiobharthar breath ? who are the saved (?) who will be judged ? Parrth. Anma 1561.

(c) In phrases. Used with possess. pron. usually in sing.: ní col dó cid less ar mb.¤ et ar mmarb gl. siue ergo uiuimus etc., Wb. 6b20 . a beō nach óe do breith to bring any of them alive, TBC-I¹ 685. ragaid do beo no do marb you shall go dead or alive, TBC-LL¹ 1224 ( LL 8614 ). beannacht dá mbeó is dá marbh a blessing on them living and dead, Dánta Gr. 3.12 . ní suthain a mbí they do not live long, ZCP vi 261.29 . re na beo fen during his own life, BCC 33.

In phr. i mbíu alive (with gen. or possess. pron.) in the lifetime (of): nī dlegat a ndola i mbiu, Ériu vi 121 § 5. otáam inar[m]bíu / nochotacca cusindíu `since we have been alive', Trip. 140.13 . ar ropo námasom na bíu do Laignib `in his lifetime', RC vi 165.34 ).

(d) the quick of the skin: bheith ag dol i mbeó ar Dhia . . . lé dubháilcibh to cause distress to God, TSh. 2296. tairnge i mbeó (prov.), Hard. ii 408.9 . táirnge a mbeó go raibh ann do bhonn, Éigse vi 6.29 .

See argat.

Compds. With nouns: cenmotha beoalma, Anecd. ii 59.1 . -athair in leg. technical term mac(c) b.¤ -athar son of a living father, hence a son unqualified to make valid contracts: gach mac beoathur nad bi saor a chor, Laws ii 288.7 . trí nata[t] túalaing sainchuir: mac beo-athar, ben aurnadma, dóer flatha, Triads 151 . rucus rāith ar mac ṁbeoathar, ZCP xv 311 § 7. -bethu: mess ┐ beobethu animal fodder, ZCP xii 366.10 ( PRIA xxxvi (1923) 310.5 ). Cf. also ZCP xvi 203 - 204 . ¤búaid: ' sin chrích badba co mbeó-búaid (bladbuaid, v.l.) `of living excellence (?)' (Notes), Metr. Dinds. iii 372.6 . ¤chned: dire beocneidhi `the penalty for a non-mortal injury', BCrólige 39 n. 6 . ¤chride: ni minec bar mearughudh / isin brugh co mbeocraidhi with beating heart, IT iii 89 § 114. As attrib. ar da n-echaib . . . beochridi blenarda, LL 10358. lé clódh beóchroidhe bos `with sorrowful beating of hands' (?), Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 29. ¤chrod livestock: marggad beochruid bó ┐ (facs.) ech, LL 25108 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 480.1 ). ¤chruth: mic Metusalem do b'fhada bhí a mbeóchruith `in mortal shape', ITS iii 84.24 (1900) . ¤dartaid live calf: [d]ersaid bec beodartaid (beomartaid, v.l.). / mani tugedar (leg. tuigther, note) d'ilbíadaib, Ériu vii 6.12 . ¤dédail (?): Rind ┐ Faebur fegar / cen baegul ria mbeodedail, LL 20341 (untransl. Metr. Dinds. iii 272.6 ). ¤dil (leg. technical term, opposed to marbdil q.v.) animate possessions i.e. livestock: as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile: mad beodile, co n-as ┐ los ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 ( Laws ii 376.2 ). indile (.i. beo dile), O'D. 989 (H. 3.17, 853). ni tascnai fine, na orbu, na beodil, na marbdil `the live chattels', Laws ii 288.3 . ¤ḟedan: beo-ḟeadain . . . for feraib fedair `live carrying' (away on sick maintenance), BCrólige 58 . ¤gasrad: beóghasraidh `vigorous company', Studies 1920, 417. 18 . ¤idbart living offering: amal rundgab in beuidbart sin gl. uitulus, Ml. 87b9 . ¤mainchine service during life: bar mbéomaicne (mbeomainchine, v.l.) ┐ bur marbmaicne (marbmainchine, v.l.), Acall. 3506. ¤thlus livestock: fear ro ba saidhbhre i nErinn a mb.¤ , AFM iv 1128.18 .

Of fire: (?) ¤bruiden burning hostel: adcíat in daigid nduilig / 'na brainig don beó-bruidin (breó-, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iv 236.35 . ¤chaindell: fri beocaindle with burning candles i.e. clear testimonies of witnesses ( Bürgschaft 7 § 3 n. 2), ZCP xiii 20.7 . atait secht fiadnaise . . . ite secht mbeocaíndle and ro forosnad gae cach rig seven burning candles i.e. certain disastrous events accepted as evidence of his `falsehood,' Laws iv 52.9 . See BCrólige 58 notes. forath ni acair acht beo-cainneall a flaitheas . . . acht an tí dana taithnemach é amail caindill (sic leg., Stokes, Laws Crit. 8 ) mbi .i. mac flatha, ┐ ua aroile, Laws iv 380.3 . ¤grís living flame: co ro bheathaidhsiot beóghrís a seangomh, AFM vi 2054.2 . an tshacramuint-si . . . do bheith 'na béoghrís gacha subhāilce dhamh `stimulant' (Gloss.), Parrth. Anma 5122. ¤luisne burning flame, brand: ar clann Fheóraisne sa n-eachra / b.¤ i n-am debtha díbh, IGT Decl. ex. 179. ¤theine blazing fire: fúair bás ┐ beó-thenid (breo-, v.l.) `he met death in fatal fire' (viz. the burning of Bruiden Da Choca), Metr. Dinds. iv 236. 16 .

With adjj. derived fr. nouns: ¤bríathrach of living words: bennacht Brenainn beobhriathraigh, Anecd. ii 32 § 3. ¤tharrach, ¤thlusach possessed of live-stock: gnithi manach beothlusach, O'Dav. 1530.

With vnn., life-, (while) living: ¤élud (in Laws, in contr. with mairb-élud) abandoning, evading while living (the obligations of tenancy): fri beo-eludh, ZCP xiv 343 § 5 ( Laws ii 228.16 ). ¤léiciud: (of ensuring discharge of liabilities between co-tenants) sith aili no beolegud nascaither na smacta so iarsin `living deposits i.e. witnesses' (Mann. and Cust. i cxcii n. 347), O'Curry 31 (H. 3.18, 13a). ¤scarad (of the termination of a contract between flaith and tenant in the lifetime of the parties) separation during life: atait secht mbeoscartha do flathib ┐ a n-aiccillnib imis-fuaslaice[t] dligid do coraib, ZCP xiv 383 § 48 ( Laws ii 312.21 ).

As intensive prefix oft. meaning deadly: ¤chobra speech before death, farewell: beochobra Con Culaind isind ló fúair bás, LL 13845.

With second element expressing action causing danger to or deprivation of life. ¤bág: a topur na tonn táide / moambí bocur beó-báige `round which hung a threat of mortal import' (sic leg. Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iii 344.8 . ¤gletin deadly (?) combat: ba balc-gent co mbeó-gletin `mortal in conflict', Metr. Dinds. iv 188.24 . ¤marb slain: co fagbaindse a n-eltae beómarbae isnaib slébib, LU 9321. ¤chorach: flaith Dúine Bárc beó-choraig `of deadly-hurling D.B.', Metr. Dinds. iv 8.32 . ¤gonaid, ¤gonaigid wounds but doesn't kill (?), to the quick: bertatar cloic (sic) cach fir beógaíti leo ass, LU 8003 (BDD). māth bēoguin rogonae nech `a life-wound ', Cáin Ad. 44. R. do dul beoghonta dia thigh `severely wounded', AFM iv 690.3 . créad do bheoghnuigh snódh na gréine ? `what has deformed the features of the sun ?' O'Rah. 146.2. ¤loitte, ¤loittithe severely, fatally wounded: beoloiti, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 . rucad Conn beoloitide forin nGrencha .. . et sepulerunt , 1411.28 . ¤marbad act of slaying, killing: do bhualadh ┐ do bheomharbhadh to knock down and kill (viz. cattle), AFM v 1470.15 . ¤thollad act of piercing to the quick: beara . . . ré beó-tholladh bocht-anam ann, TSh. 6677.

With first element bí- see bícherb, bíchim.

béodae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béodae or dil.ie/5680

adj io, iā (béo)

(a) living, animate; lively, active, vigorous: do persanaib beodaib `living', Sg. 39a11 . huare ata ṅdúli beodai fordiṅgrat, 117a1 . rogresestar . . . a buidne beoda, TTebe 1537 . tri beithreaca beodha (i.e. the Sons of Uisnech), IT ii2 146.5 . do bhí sé beodha cródha críonna, Keat. Poems 775. beodha gach brathair fri aroile, AFM v 1768.4 (O'Rahilly Ir. Prov. 302 ).

(b) lucky, auspicious: ni beoda lem . . . cen choirm aran Min-Chaisc dond epscup, Irish Texts i 9 § 30. ni beoda a dula gen geiss, TFerbe 573 . ní béoda do fhechtas ` prosperous ' (Vocab.), TBFr. 356.

Compar. and superl. is a mbéo beres a n-as béodu ┐ a n-as segundo the most vigorous and most accomplished take them alive, LU 5175. bad cháined dom ḟir combad beodu a ben indá more vigorous, TBC-LL¹ 38. in t-adhbar ríg rob aille ┐ rob ḟerr ┐ robo beodha robai ar Erinn `most spirited', RC xviii 164.17 (Tig.).

As subst.: suthain cach mbeōda (mmbeoda, MS.), ACL iii 230.1 . co tiucfa [Críst] do figill brātha idir béoduibh ┐ marb aibh, ZCP vi 84.12 .

bláith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bláith or dil.ie/6057

Forms: mláith, bláth, mblāith, bh., blaithi, bróg bhláithghreanta

adj i earlier mláith q.v. Also bláth [o, ā]. n s. f. mblāith, ZCP viii 202.13 . bean bh. g s. f. blaithi, forms given as `cáol uile,' IGT Decl. § 136. bean bhláth, § 137 .

(a) smooth (in orig. sense from subjection to grinding, friction, etc.): bláth (leg. bláith, ed.), mín, réidh `smooth', Eg. Gl. 68. (Of objects of metal, wood, stone, horn) filet ann brugi bláthi, SR 477. deich mbeanna bōnadarc būabaill mblāith, Ériu ii 28.20 . bogada blathi ` polished ', Cog. 158.23 . do bleidedhaibh blaithe, 114.20 . fidchell . . . cona foirind blāith bricc bendaig, MacCongl. 69.26 . do thighibh bláithe, Ériu v 58.27 . ar slios bh.¤ an bhrogha te `on the smooth wall', 62.5 . a measc na ccloch mb.¤ , Isaiah lvii 6. dia mbiailibh bláithibh, AFM v 1556.4 . garbh ṡáithe ┐ mín mheile / sgín eibhe bláithe buidhe with a smooth yellow haft, IGT Decl. ex. 1119. (Of skin, leather; cloth) a inar b.¤ bíannaide `soft tunic of skin' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1871. fa mbratachaib blaithi, MR 224.3 . geabhuidh lamhuinn mbreacchuirr mb.¤ , KMMisc. 170 § 12.

(Of food and drink) fít bec b.¤ a small light ration, Ériu ii 65 § 8. bid b.¤ do deog, iv 106.8 . blongi bláthi `smooth lard', MacCongl. 81.24 . In comic n.pr. meic borrchrothi blāthi, MacCongl. 33.16 .

? fosair blaith boairech . . . cred é b.¤ annsin. Inand é ┐ dag boaire co mbail foranaeí ┐ isé sin b.¤ atber ann, H 3.18, 646b32 ( O'Curry 1449 ).

(b) (In fig. sense) smooth, gentle, soft; comely: is amlaid sain bis ríge / garb a thús . . . / b.¤ a mmedón, Ériu iv 106.6 . i márḟlaith . . . / indat bláithe beccáin, Fél. Sept. 4. muinter b. romín (the inhabitants of Heaven), LU 2041. ind ḟírflaith blaith builid búan (of Conn Cétchathach), Airne F. 267. blaith .i. suthain , Stowe Gl. 245 (an inference ?). in énlaith búan b.¤ , LU 3696 ( SCC 33 ). fer blaith cennais ` mild ', PH 1974. Bēbinn blāith, ZCP vi 269 § 6. mor . . . do bhann- trachtaibh blaithe bíthe, Cog. 42.15 . [fi]r bláthi bithi borba, Ériu viii 70.7 . blāith ro-gabais cucut corp (to Christ), ACL iii 242 § 16. a abhlainn bh.¤ bheannaighthe `O bright . . . Host', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 6. in troigh ṡlisseang, boindgeal b.¤ `smooth . . . foot', Ériu iv 218.15 . brēthir b.¤ `with gentle word(s)' (Gloss.), Sc.M² 21f . gut[h] blāith, ACL iii 306 § 9. na tuill buide mblāith / fria duine nach dlúith, KMMisc. 274.15 . oentu . . . blaith, Cog. 122.17 .

Equative: bláithidir scotha, Eg. 1782, 18a1 (cited Contribb. 225 ).

Compar. bláithe ná blaosg na huighi smoother (of a mansion), O'Gr. Cat. 354.1.

Superl. is é rígh as bláthem ┐ as mínem . . . dod-ánic, BDD² 1072.

Adv. atá slíghe . . . déanta go b.¤ = the way is made plain, Proverbs xv 19. gi-bé thairgfeadh a riar go b.¤ ` satisfactorily ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 29.4 .

As subst. tairm na bláithe buige of the smooth, gentle (harp), SG 108.25 .

Compds. With nouns: ag binnghabháil a bíáidae ┐ a blathurnaighthe gentle prayers, Ériu v 86.17 . blāthc[h]aomna bocht, ZCP viii 215.16 . im bláitheing mbric ngreanta `neat border' (of embroidery), Magauran 2086 . ar beinn a bruit ┐ a bláithédaigh, Ériu v 76.38 . blaithliag `a pumice-stone ', Eg. Gl. 735. an cethramhad mionn dibhsin, / an mblaithminestir mbuadhach `smooth . . . reliquary', BNnÉ 270 § 241 . bláthoige gach ball id mhiocht smooth perfection, Magauran 2077 . Aedh mac C. . . . /. ui. bliadna fa blaithríadail, BB 59a31 .

With adjj.: i n-iomdaidh bhuiligh blaith-bind full of soothing sounds, BNnÉ 273 § 245 . is mic Cairbre bhuig bhláithcháoin fair and gentle, Ériu v 86.8 . mias . . . bhláthchaoin (of fine earthenware), TSh. 889. do breacsrol blathetrocht `smooth -bright', CCath. 4665. la C. mbúan mblaithfial soft and modest C., Gorm. Jan. 12. righti . . . blaithghelai smooth, white arms, TE 4 Eg. cona dib caelspeltib blathmaetha biannaide (of a sword-case of skin), CCath. 4692. blaithmín fri boctaib, Gorm. Sept. 25. re táobh na learg mbláithslim mbán, IGT Decl. ex. 417. beith ind-ēccmais Brīain bláith-rēidh, ZCP viii 218.31 . a bodhadhaibh blaithrighne smooth, tough bows, AFM v 1646.5 . With part. bróg bhláithghreanta, Magauran 4133 .

1 búaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búaid or dil.ie/7221
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: boid, mbuaid, boad, bód, búadach, mbuáid, būed, buade, buada, -mbuadhe, buaidi, ṁbúada, ṁbúade, buáith, bōaidh, búada, búada, búada, bhúaidhe, buada, búadae, búade, mbúadaib, búadh, búaidh, búadha, buaidhe, buada, buadha, buadchind

n i, n., perh. earlier ā, f. Arch. boid gl. (ad) bravium (sic leg.), Wb. 24a16 (a prima manu). n s. a mbuaid , Ml. 43b7 (gl. triumphus). b.¤ , Fél. Oct. 12. b.¤ nIóib, May 11 . boad, Corp. Gen. 7.3 . bód (buaid, MS : óg), Ériu xxii 42 § 10 (earliest form ? Cf. búadach, 50 n. 10). a s. a mbuáid , Wb. 11a6 . būed, ZCP xii 234 § 47. g s. buade, Wb. 24a17 (cf. GOI § 301 ). buada (: -chūala), Thes. ii 349.7 (Hy.v). -mbuadhe (: huaighe), Blathm. 418 , buaidi, 625 . ṁbúada (: Chlúana), Fél. Prol. 183. ṁbúade, June 5 . d s. don buáith , Wb. 11a7 . d a s. fo bōaidh , ZCP x 45.22 . n a p. búada, LU 10184. na tri búada , 6893 (BDD). teóra búada , 6407 (TBC), buada, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 438 § 1 . bhúaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 126. buada, Fél. p. 156.12 . g p. búadae, Fél. Mar. 12. búade, May 3 . d p. co mbúadaib , Jan. 27. búadh m. g s. n p. búaidh, búadha, IGT Decl. § 38 (88.6) . g s. buaidhe, Donlevy 402.14 .

(a) victory, triumph: buaidh `victory', Eg. Gl. 64. buáid et indocbál domsa, Wb. 30d13 . a mbuáid inna mmíled talmande, 11a10 . is óinfer gaibes buáid diib, 11a4 . ní ba unus gebas a mbuáid huáibsi, 11a6 . di buaid inna mbabelóndae, Ml. 115d9 . amal runucad buáid diib `as victory had been won over them', Ml. 104a8 . Cf. IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). aní atreba b.¤ no molad gl. palmarium, Sg. 35a10 . iar ṁb. ┐ coscur, Fél. Ep. 23. b.¤ Maicc Dé dia námait, Feb. 15. PH 4900. cach buaid fri hU Neill, Lat. Lives 81 .z . do ruc buaidh na coimhlinga, Feis Tighe Chonáin 994. seoid ┐ maine . . . log a mbuada, TTebe 24651 . buaidh cogaidh, Stair Erc. 2130. buaidh cáigh ar Laighnibh the Laigin conquered all, LBranach 2427 . Eagluis na mBuadh Church Triumphant, Eochairsg. 73.12 .

With follg. defining gen. esp. in religious contexts victory, palm, crown, etc. (of martyrdom, penitent's death, etc.): iar ṁbuaidh ega is aitrighe, BB 59a4 . īar mbūaidh mbrethamhnuis, ZCP viii 213 § 64. dochotar buaid martra, LB 220a51 . Cf. PH 6520. b.¤ n-ailithre `the prize of pilgrimage ', Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . birt būaidh [n]-eccna (Colum Cille), ZCP viii 197 § 6. Cf. iar mbreith bhuadha ó dhomhan ┐ ó dhemhan, AFM ii 982.7 . do bhean buadh, Aithd. D. 95.29 .

(b) special quality or attribute, gift, virtue (see Jn. Celt. Stud. i 98-104 ; the positive equivalent of geis, LEIA B-107 ); pre-eminence, excellence; prerogative; with follg. gen. us. the choicest, best: buaidh .i. toga, O'Dav. 223. buaidh .i. maith, ut est buaidh innsgi anaib great courtesy is the most excellent thing in speech, 199 . b.¤ precepte `the gift of teaching', Wb. 27c20 . dom-berthar b.¤ lére the gift of fervour, zeal, Fél. Prol. 3. būada in betha `Herrlichkeilen', Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 438 § 1 . má bód / mBreg mbras, Ériu xxii 42 § 10. biaid b.¤ láech ┐ chleirech huait co bráth (i.e. you will produce the best of warriors and clerics), Trip.² 1071. is buaid laech, is fo in fer atacualamar, Hib. Min. 72.31 . itāat trī būada formsa .i. būaid roisc, ┐ indtliuchta ┐ airdmesa accomplishments , TBC-I¹ 298. búada imda . . . . a gáes . . . b.¤ clessamnachta. buaid mbúanfaig . . . buaid n-airdmiusa, LU 10153. buaid do gal, do gart, do gaisced, do gen fāilte fri cach n-óen, Fing. R. 497. a Loegairi . . . a b.¤ n-óc nUlad, LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). fuil buaid clérig . . . / for gruaid Ailig, LL 21937. aill do buadaib Duind Ch. and-so .i. coica samaisce no daired cach lái, TBC-LL¹ 1529. bha b.¤ caintaisceda a treasured possession (a sword), 5957 . bratt bommannach co mb.¤ cach datha thariss with quality, LL 11944. b.¤ fir bí `the noblest living man' (of Colum Cille), Metr. Dinds. ii 40.20 . rob lir buada beannachtan / ar do ṡíl, Leb. Cert.² 174.132 . `tarrais buaid focail fair ┐ n-anma' (i.e. you have named him well), Acall. 5533. a buaid na mban o flower of women, ML² 736. seacht n-urgarta rígh Temruch . . . A sheacht mbúadho .i. íascc Bóinne, fíadh Luibnighe . . . entitlements (?), PRIA liv (1951) 8.6 . na gessa sin ┐ na buada, BB 267b3 . gur coilled a gesa ┐ gur brised a buada `(Cúchulainn vit) que ses interdits avaient été violés et que ses vertus étaient anéanties´ Comp. CC 81 § 13 (Aided Con Culainn) , LEIA B-107 . Cf. BB 267 b 3 above. .iii. buadae laechdachtae .i. fessae, toglae, tānae, O'Mulc. 526. a c[h]lérig, . . . mac . . . meic beōiri būaid mbainde, MacCongl. 33.17 . buaid ndibeirge an unsurpassed outrage, Prolegomena 29 n. a guidhe is blagh dá buadhaibh (of the Cross) `one of the blessings', Aithd. D. 88.12 .

(c) good, advantage, profit, benefit: nocon fetur . . . / in buaid dorignius no in bet, LU 3861 ( SCC 38 ). noca nedh(a) sin is buaid ann Suibni do dul ar geltacht, acht ar facaib do scelaib ┐ do laidhib dia eis, Laws iii 88.5 Comm. cía buaid duinne tadall in sídasa ?, Dinds. 65 ( LL 22557 ). ba ferr b.¤ a n-anocail oldás b.¤ a ṅgona, BDD² 953 - 4 . is hē a mbūaid (of alms), ACL iii 319 § 73. d'ḟéachain buadh na saobh-ṡroth `seeing the good of those wild floods', Content. xxx 29. fri buaig da cach duil, Ériu ii 124 § 75.

Attrib. g s victorious, triumphal; pre-eminent, outstanding; precious: adrad Maicc Dé dán búada `victorious art!' Thes. ii 349.7 (Hy. v). ? cethracha blíadan co mbáig / ṁbúadai lan ríaglach tria rím, Ériu vii 228 § 68. dobert bendacht ṁbúade/ for epscop Erc, Fél. Nov. 2. ech buada , 156.11 ` valuable ', Laws i 230.z. cuairt buadha `a triumphant visit', Ériu iv 112 § 1 . an ghein brigmar bhúadha, Duan. F. ii xlv 2 (` gifted '). feacht buadha `a triumphant progress' (i.e. death), BNnÉ 287.1 . Eoin buadha Baiste, Celt. Rev. x 133. 17 . cloch bhuaidhe ` gem ', Rel. Celt. ii 234.27 . líog buadha, TD 41.17 . aimsear bhuadha, Keat. Poems 1347. ? Predic. g s. nir buada a athig mé / i mbethaidh maic D. (said by the widow of mac D. to a churl who wishes to force her to be his wife), D IV 2, 53 vb 20 .

In salutation: att-re buaidh ┐ bennachtain, Grail 2981 . beir buaidh ┐ beannachtain, Feis Tighe Chonáin 205.

Freq. in chevilles: b.¤ suthain , Fél. Nov. 28.

In phr. co mb.¤ (búadaib) (freq. a cheville): gein co mbúadaib, Fél. Jan. 27 (`with victories'). mac Māil co mbuaidh, ML² 1292. béra in memrum fá buaidh, ZCP ii 225.2 . bheith fa bhuaidh nó bheith slán, DDána 46.31 . orusa dhamh dul fa bhuaidh `I am likely to win', PBocht 18.5 . Goill re céd mblíadhan fa bhúaidh victorious , IGT Decl. ex. 333.

Compds. With nouns: tre būadail `durch einen siegreichen Stein', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 1 .i. ail bauda (sic), v.l. add. atbath iar ṁbuadail co mblaid, Rawl. 164a24 . buadhall .i. all buadhach no halla buadach ` all-victorious ', O'Cl. buadharg .i. láoch buadhach, ib. Mag nItha tes Brí buadchind (attrib. g s.), LL 554. ro marbsat in ṁbuadching bil, 15667 . corn na mbuadh-chloch precious stones, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 3. búadfocol an ro radis you've hit the nail on the head (?), LU 10060. .u.c. bliadna buadgaire, BB 357b13 = bith-glaine, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.12 . buadgein buagnige, IT iii 247.115 . bethir borb būaidgniad, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 17. buaidliae (sic leg.) gl. lapis uictoriae, Sg. 15b11 . buadliae, Sg. 113a2 . buadremmend ind Léith Macha `victorious courses', RC iii 181.37 ( LL 14055 ). bar hEirc Buadaig buaidrī, Corp. Gen. 9.15 . Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 21 . With n. pr. bri buad-Cuinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 62.7 . is C. dligetar / arróet caincomram búadErcoil, LU 8950 ( FB 71 ).

With adj.: Búaidbeó (n. pr.), Fél. Nov. 17. circi Bairci na mbuadgarg (subst.), BB 399a43 .

With adj. derived from noun: Buadgalach (n. pr.), LL 11519 (TBC).

See 1 cath, 1 il.

cláenaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláenaid or dil.ie/9308
Last Revised: 2019

v (cláen)

I Trans.

(a) bends, inclines, slants, tilts : clóenad clóenfatsa mo cend fair, LU 5183 ( TBC-I¹ 705 ). ro clóenad a thech conda tarla fora lethbeólu, 8382 . acht nib tairrsi do liniter no claentar provided it be not over-filled or tilted (of a ladle), Laws iii 212.12 Comm. conid annsin ro claenta Temuir `became inclined', i 6.14 Comm. ro claenadsom . . . cach mbord . . . don luing `used to strain', TTebe 1995 . in uair do chlaen a chend ┐ tuc a spirut i llaimh a athar, LB 280b42 . ro claen a rosc fora righain `bent his gaze on', Stair Erc. 675 . gur chlaen siar fura dilait é `threw him backward', ZCP vi 34.31 . ē[i]st . . . ┐ claon do cluas (inclina aurem tuam), Aisl. Tond. xxii 3 . an tí chlaonas a chluasa go nach cluinfeadh an reacht = qui declinat aures suas, TSh. 1637 .

(b) brings low, subdues : claentar fir. fadbaidther láith gaili, BDD² 1061 (` bends, perverts ', Gloss.). ro thairngir F. . . . gomadh é C. no claoinfedh an ul-piast uathmar, BNnÉ 125.20 . mór gclach do claonadh many a castle was laid low(?), DDána 91.26 . do claonadh meirge M., 85.26 .

(c) makes crooked; slants : go tard beach dib a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo shuil, MR 34.12 (poss. intrans. Cf. Keat. Poems 342 below ). h'abhra ná cláon chugam-sa `send no slant looks at me', Ériu ix 8.80 . ? Here: taise nó gur chlaon an gcéibh / ní léir re taobh caise an chúil `till it makes his hair lie down', Magauran 3953 .

(d) Fig. violates, perverts, inclines, leads astray; brings down ; cia rochlainsat in cardes though they had violated (God's) covenant, Rawl. 76a8 (Adam and Eve). nad claen coicert coimdiu Lord who does not pervert decision(?), Laws i 10.17 . ram cloensatar mo pecctha, Laud 610, f. 6b (cited Plummer MS. notes). comēt dam mo chride / . . . . / dūthracht nachat-clāine (? leg. nachid-) may no (evil) desire lead it astray(?), ZCP vi 259 § 5 . cloenbrethach . . . .i. claonaidh a bretha, O'Dav. 690 . claontair gach uaill dá háirde, DDána 121.19 . dá gclaonadh sibh an seanchas `if you pervert facts', Content. vii 11 . cláonuid ar ccláonta ┐ ar miana go nethibh aimsiordha inclines, RSClára f. 156b . In poetry, causes imperfect rhyme (by not employing consonants of corresponding quality): snaidhm gaídhilge agus a glas | créad bhriseas nó créad chláenas 'what causes the binding of pronunciation and its clasp to be imperfect and what causes it to be incorrect?', Celtica xxvii 58 § 1 . guthaighe chláenas go cóir | an comhardadh 'fittingly vowels make rhyme incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 2 . dunadh claen ... idhudh claenas re c[h]eli iad, IGT Met. Faults 145 (on 'Martain' giving imperfect rhyme with 'tangadar'). See also comardad (c).

(e) strays from, renounces, rejects : ag an gcléir do chlaon a gcuing `who rejected their obligation' (of schismatics), Keat. i 60.17 . ó do cláonadh a chuíng chrábha leis an ochtmhadh Hannráoi, Párl. na mB. 3782 .

II Intrans. bends, bows, inclines : ro claon Ere de sin has been brought low, Cog. 262.9 . a chros 'n-ar chlaon a cheann whereon His head drooped, Aithd. D. 58.20 . an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc will become distorted(?), Keat. Poems 342 . ro-ionnsaigh an cath go cían / dar chláon a c[h]onn [i]s a chíall `were deranged', BS 6.x . do chlaon oireachas Éireann / de sin, DDána 85.27 . Note also: an té chláonas le na shúil `that winketh with the eye', Proverbs x 10 .

Freq. with follg. prep.: claontar ar uathadh, TBC St. 2088 (= cloentar go ar uathad, TBC-LL¹ 2354 ). Cf. do neoch . . . ar nach gclaontaoidhe cath against whom no battle was ever turned, ML 86.17 . cu . . . nach leicedh a omon claenad fora dhliged, ar ni claenad-som for nech ar bhith `fear of him prevented his law from being perverted, for he did no wrong to . . .', Marco P. 126 . a chara ar ar chlaon an bioth (to the Lord), DDána 20.26 . ní chlaon rinn deataigh dá druim (of a house) does not waver, 119.24 . robheag dom chuimhne nár chlaon that have not left my memory, Ó Bruad. iii 212.10 . an farraire stáit go brách dá rígh nár chlaon, Párl. na mB. 2287 . T. . . . / dá cclaon gach dair, Ériu xvi 134 § 39 . do claen R. docum a companach, Fier. 195 . tusa ní claonfa chum lethtruim you will not incline, SG 35.16 . ionnas nach claonmaois dochum peacaidh, Parrth. Anma 569 . scarthain risin slóg saer suthain / nachar chlaen re clethaib, SG 353.6 . do chlaon leam tar a reacht ríogh `inclined to save me, spite of His royal law', Aithd. D. 84.14 . rí caomh isan gcrann céasda / ler chlaon éasga ann uasda towards whom the moon above them bent(?), 56.12 (`faded away'). do bennaigh an Macamh he . . . ┐ do claen o n-a mathair cuigi, Smaointe B. Chr. 808 . mallaighthe an chuidechta chláonus óna n-aithentaibh that deviates, RSClára f.45b . claon ón olc = declina a malo, TSh. 7564 . Luteár nar claon o bhréig, Ó Héodhusa 240.10 . do chlaonadh ó ghrás Dé, Heb. xii 15 .

1 cleth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cleth or dil.ie/9453
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . See Ériu xviii 99 .

(a) tree-trunk, tree : a bun cleithi na crand, BB 497a13 . cleatha ag fás . . . a cnuas `the tree's growth from acorns', Dán Dé ix 26 . an úir . . . / ag brosdadh ar chlúimh na gcleath the foliage of the trees, DDána 106.22 . do sgeach dhonn / cleath chorr do-chíthe ós do chionn (to a hill), Ir. Syll. Poetry 31 § 1 . dá cleathaibh ceannchroma, 70 § 2 . nach faghar éinchleath aimrid, O'R. Poems 3753 . deargcna cleath go caol gcolptha (i.e. the tree bending with the weight of nuts . . . ), O'Hara 4062 . ubla ag fecadh na gcleth gcorr, IGT Decl. ex. 528 . trí haithriocha fhear nEamhna / glainchleatha feadh bhfíneamhna `bright stalks', O'Hara 272 .

(b) house-post, stake, pole : is bēsad na cleithe, is balc oc lār, is caol oc clēithe, Corm. Y 275 . clí .i. cleath, O'Cl. cleath gl. tignus [tignum], Ir. Gl. 485 . guth domadbat trie clethae (: domincrechae, leg. -a: -a), Liad. and Cuir. 18.15 (`through the wattled wall' ? leg. between the posts). sesrech oc tabairt cecha clethi, LU 8059 ( FB 2 ). ro brisiset cleith di clethaib ind rigthige . . . conid sí conar dollotar a mná chucu isin tech, 8371 ( 25 ). in rightheagh . . . ┐ a chleatha . . . do credumae ┐ a cael d'airgid, IT iii 195 § 34 . la tabairt forgoba inna bruinni co mboí isin cleith fris anall (the man pierced by the spear was between the king and the wall), LU 4369 . in cu araig do nomad cleth on dorus, [┐ ni cuaille crin cuachda], Laws iii 412.20 Comm. ar-sesar clithem cletha `the spearman(?) sat by the houseposts', Ériu xix 82 § 6 . cona farcaib cleith no slait no scolb . . . nadicsed as a inad, LB 216a59 . do thighibh bláithe cleath gcorr with tapering posts, Ériu v 58.103 . roga ro-ch.¤ ┐ slemain slatchaolaig, ML² 1065 . co rug Eochaidh a chend leis a teach Theamrach co rochuir for cleith cháerthaind, Metr. Dinds. iv 272.15 . cor chland cleatha ann (as a sign of taking possession), Ériu xvi 66.82 . trī maic B. . . . ciatarochlan[n]sat cletha hi Temuir, ZCP viii 313.18 . sáid in cleith lium ol Ciarán, SG 73.10 . a gcleath do chor i dtalamh, TSh. 6969 . By extension, of a musical instrument (cf. use of crann): ní reich a diomdha ar a dáimh / gidh iomdha dháibh go gcleith gceoil `with their harps', Magauran 3986 (cf. also clíath cíuil s.v. clíath).

c.¤ chengail tie-beam, cross-beam (?). Fig. mar ch.¤ cengail ar in síthcháin `in order to clench such peace', Caithr. Thoirdh. 9.14 . mar chleathaibh ceangail ar an bhfál bhfírinne `as binding wattles, as clinchers', Gloss., TSh. 6714 . cleith cheangail ar charcair an chrábhaidh (of God's grace), 1470 .

(c) spear : in cath . . . / ba cummasc claideb is ch.¤ , LL 29033 . clansat cletha dogra trít, 952 . scarthain risin slóg saer suthain / nachar chlaen re clethaib, SG 353.6 . ac bualad cleithi ar slinden h. Conchobair, Ann. Conn. 1342.3 . mor c.¤ tre choluinn, Fen. 376.20 . fan gcleith nó fan gcloidheamh, DDána 98.21 . laoich ag géarughadh chleath gcaol, O'Hara 2547 .

(d) goad : casaidh cleith ndírigh ndóibsigh / d'óinsigh eich . . . , IGT Decl. ex. 733 . atáid bríathra an eagnuidh amhuil cleatha ┐ amhuil tairngidh ar na ndaingniughadh (`goads'), Eccles. xii 11 .

(e) Fig. warrior, chief : rochuir cath Carmain in ch.¤ / Fiachu Labrain `the chieftain', Metr. Dinds. iii 460.13 . Conoll in cleath nemdaer, 362.82 . a cathmílid . . . ┐ a cléth bága (of Achilles), TTr.² 1621 . da laech . . . da comlaid catha, da cleith ugra, Cog. 56.y . cuailledha trēna Tuathail . . . ┐ cletha cosanta Cuind (of the colamain Temrach), ML² 1363 . a chleath Eamhna, Aithd. D. 37.33 . bláth na gcleath `the choice princes', Content. xxx 37 . Cf. ar cleith mBóinne `the princess of the Bóinn', Aithd. D. 11.22 .

(f) Of hair: a bharr na gcleath gclaon `of flowing locks', Aithd. D. 54.5 . earla fiar na gcleath gceiníl `wavy hair tressed in native fashion', O'Hara 1911 . Cf. a chúl fionn na bhfaichleath gcas, Magauran 2506 .

(g) In phr. cletha cridi(?): crū a cleithib cridhe crūaid, / fuil a feithib . . . , ZCP vii 299.15 .

(h) Of uncertain meaning: o ro gabsat cóir na c.¤ / nocorb allic dóib teched, TFerbe 621 . cruth glacanach / cleath liac lupanach, IT iii 98 § 158 . cleath ag leith dá toigh mo theagh `my house stands as a supporting buttress to her castle', Aithd. D. 1.15 (leg. cleath i gcleith which may have a technical sense? Ed.'s note). muna mbeath [a] each is a ara / do ba [a] leath cleath dala dhóibh, DDána 110.34 (`half of them (his troops) would have been an encumbrance(?) to them', Ir. Monthly 1920, 264 ).

Compds. With noun. clethail chachta (? leg. -aile c.), Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 4 . Con Corb cen nach clethalt (2 alt), ZCP xii 436 § 8 ( LL 4854 ). maith ro cumad in cleathbhaile / sa clochtaighe, IGT Met. Faults § 58 . clethblugaid Ērenn, armach Line, airsid Āi, ZCP iii 466.26 (Baile in Scáil) (= 2 blogaid). da churaid, da chlethbriugaid, TBC-LL¹ 5376 (prob. read -blugaid). cleth caillti . . . do slegaib `forest of spears', MR 224.1 . cona tuighi co clet[h]coilltibh aigh, CCath. 4980 . Art cen chleth-cheird fo chaire `A. whose skill of spear was faultless', Metr. Dinds. iii 368.23 ( LL 20890 ). ¤chlann: Mael Sechnaill . . . de chlethchlaind Chuind Chétchathaig, LL 15931.17240 . cabsaid cach cruach fa cleth-ḟál `wattle hedges', Hy Fiach. 194.3 . a ccleathLuidhne `Luighne of the lances(?)', O'Hara 3065 . ¤orddan see below s.v. cleth-ard. clethcumgugad a cliab-asnaid ag a comdrud i cenn a cheile, MR 256.21 .

With adj. a shluagh Caisil cleathaluind, Caithr. CC 6.16 . ¤ard: Senan . . . c. .i. ar clethordan, LB 241a23 . cleathard .i. clothard no clúard, O'Cl. in Cletiuch dno is clethbuidig catha, ZCP iii 242 § 42 . Druim Cetta clethcháin (: noem g s.), RC xx 140.15 (ACC Comm.). ríoghradh chleathchorcra Chonnacht `red-speared', Studies 1920, 566 § 9 . go Domhnall gcleathchorr gCairbreach, DDána 64.31 . do chionn Cheallachain chleathchuirr, Caithr. CC 25.10 . Conla clethgarg, LL 15056 . BB 47a54 . ón Bhúill chuirmthe chleithghil `overhung with white branches', O'Hara 1775 . do ṡíol chleithleabhar Chonuill `long-speared', TD 7.47 . gu Croit Cualachta clethmhoir, Lism. L. 4764 . fri muintir Crimthaind cleth-núi, Metr. Dinds. iii 164.22 . tri deichnemhair fa sgeimh sgol / na bhḟein chleithremair . . . , LL 394.2 . slóigh cleithreamhra `stout of spear', Aithd. D. 19.13 . co Cathair comsech clethrúad red-speared, LL 25312 . clethruad Cualann `the red shafted hero of Cuala', Ériu xvii 40 § 15 . gilla . . . / catlas i Casiul chlethruad, LL 19427 .

With adj. derived from noun. cona borbsluaghaib cletharmacha coisidhedh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 15.9 . barr cleathmhongach na gclodh lag `with a sheltering mane', TD 2.23 . d'úib comraicmera clethuillecha . . . Cinndergáin, Caithr. Caithr. Thoirdh. 130.22 .

comṡuthain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comṡuthain or dil.ie/11798

adj ( suthain ) (equally) lasting, (co-)eternal: as chomsuthain . . . dond athair ┐ don spirut náem, LU 2309 . im chumachtu c.¤ everlasting , IT i 169.25 (FA, LB).

dáir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dáir or dil.ie/14254

Forms: dáir

n i. A bulling . ce brisit na cet[h]ro oca mbít dair, Laws v 156. 2 . fora mbi dair, ib. 7 . slán dona tarbaib ┐ dona reithib in ré suthain bít ac dáir na máine, ib. iii 232. 2 . tarb i naimsir dara, ib. ii 44. 6 . i 144. 4 . gein bes meracht in dara orro, ib. iii 232. 7 . biaid buar in domain dithoraid .i. cen lacht nó cen dáir, LL 188 a 55 . iarna dáir (tair MS) don Donn Cuailnge, RC x 222 § 14 . co tuc a óghréir .i. agh ndára cech trír a heifer in calf AU ii 76 . dair...na cethra, O'Dav. 741 . go ndearna bó do dháir, O'Cl. s.v. dart .

MOD. dáir. bó fé dháir (W.K.). Cf. dairid.

4 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 dál or dil.ie/14347
Last Revised: 2013

ā, f. vn. of dáilid.

I A dispensing of drink or food : dal dige a dalo .i. seol bec bíss i ṁbraine muircoblaig. nosdali iarum in tonn imbi ut Isidorus dicit: dalum minimum uelum ad proram defixum. nó dail ebraice dalilia .i. sithula .i. sithal, O'Mulc. § 292 . Cf. Corm. Tr. p. 58 : dal .i. a dalin hebraico sithula .i. sithlad in lenda dognither aga dail. (Cf. H 3.18, 69 b : dal a dalín ebr. sithula , etc.). in dáil lenno, LMU 17. 54 (Eg.). tráth tánic dóib co roind ┐ dáil, FB 20 . dabach and do mid medrach oca dáil forin teglach, SCC 33. 23 . randaire do roind in bid ┐ na dáilemain da dail inna corma IT i 311. 36 . Cf. raergitar iartain rannair[i] fri raind accu ┐ dalemain fri dáil, CRR 13 . Étáin bói ocon dáil forsna flathi ar bu saindán disi dál, LU 132 a 21 . anais do dáil dóib, RC ix 490 . neim da dail fair, ib. xxiv 178. 9 . nothallad dáil chét for mael cech cnáma, LL 169 a 17 . is isi nodáled in dail ṅdedenaig, ib. 279 a 51 ( RC viii 150. 13 ). nír ibh achd a cuid don dáil sin, ITS v 24. 21 . da dáil ar fearaibh Éireann, ib. vii 61. 1 f.b.

II A distributing, dispensing, bestowing, granting : ag dáil cráisech don chuiri, Hy Fiach. 238. 5 . ag dáil slegh ZCP viii 224. 25 . in leiges suthain sin na fala coimeta do dail dóib, PH 265 . saidhbhreas an tsaoghail do dháil dhó, TSh. 273. 22 . ní fuil ainm eile arna dháil dona daoinib fa neamh (arna thabhairt, Bedel), ib. 58. 23 . arna ndáil ara gcumas handed over into their power, 180. 1 . fa choim phríomhughdair na ngrás do dháil da lucht leanamhna, 222. 35 .

To 4 dál also FB § 16 : fodáilter iarsuidiu biad ┐ lind doib ┐ tairmchell dáil tenid leo ┐ gabsus meisce ┐ batar fáilte, (cf. tendál) and ITS v 12. 120 : roforrígdáileadh biadh ara mbéulaibh ┐ rothimchill dáil teallaigh aca.

deimnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deimnech or dil.ie/15214

adj o, ā. (deimin) assured, certain: ar mbeith deimhneach don ghlóir ṡuthain dóibh they are sure of eternal glory, TSh. 4868 . Firm, steadfast, resolute: U. ┐ E. . . . dias dhána dheimhneach, Keat. ii 1421 . adv. do fiarfaid . . . co demnech, Fen. 268 .

díanaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díanaigid or dil.ie/15960
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dianaigthe, dianaigthiu

v (1 dían)

(a) trans. causes to hasten: ol nundianai[g]fed gl. reuersionem . . . acceleraret, Ml. 91a10 . co rodianaigh a eocho, Dinds. 144 .

(b) intrans. hurries, makes haste: nudianaigtis gl. celerabant, Ml. 54d15 . dianaigthe gl. celera, 49d9 . ro dianaigheatar ar dremandenmnetne, TBC-LL¹ 5627 . (with FOR, AR) ro dhianaighestair for a écc it hastened his death, Hugh Roe 262 (= he hastened to his death, i.e. died sooner?). a Dé dianaig dom shaerad, PH 1210 . dianaig co tódernam ┐ co péin suthain , 1818 . escomla ┐ dianaid, Anecd. iii 30 . díanaigid ém, Ériu vi 149 . Part. compar. dianaigthiu gl. accelerata morte, Ml. 91a13 .

dínsigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dínsigid or dil.ie/16663

Forms: dínsigthe

v (see dínsem) despises: ro-dínsig ┐ rodímicnig guth na mná, PH 6619 . ro dínsidh siomh an maith n-erchradhach ar an fflaith suthain , AFM vi 2370 . ro dinsigh ┐ rodimhighnidh dhámh a derbrathar, LL 386a52 . Part. do'n duine ropo deroil ┐ ropo dínsigthe fiadaib fen, PH 4485 . demna duba dinsigthe, ZCP iii 34 . See dínsemaid, dínsimigid.

do-indnaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-indnaig or dil.ie/17889
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: doindnaich, do-n-indnig-som, tonindnaig, tinnagat, do-ndn-indinsin-se, duindainsed, tindnised, do-dn-indnasti-se, do-n-indin, -tidnastis, duécomnacht, do-n-écomnacht, tecomnacht, dorindnacht, doindnagar, tindnagtar, doindnastar, doindnasatar, doindnastar, doinnasatar, doindnacht, doécomnacht, teícomnacht, do-r-rindnacht, thinnachtae, tindnacol, doidnais, do-ridnacht, dorignacht, doeccomnacht, doridhnacht, rot(h)idnacht, tidnastar, doridnacht, tidnaicid, doridnaic, tidnacad, tindlaig-, dosrindlacht, doninnlaic, tindlacan, tidlaig-, tidlacad, tidnais, tidnais, t[h]idnuis

v (* to-ind-anag, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 456 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. doindnaich, Sg. 27b12 . do-n-indnig-som, Wb. 28a17 . tonindnaig, LL 13889 . 3 pl. rel. tinnagat, Ml. 93a20 . Subj. impf. 1 s. do-ndn-indinsin-se, Wb. 9b7 . 3 s. duindainsed, Ml. 78b18 . mani tindnised , Wb. 4b13 . 2 pl. do-dn-indnasti-se, 9b7 . Fut. 3 s. lasse do-n-indin , 13b29 . Condit. 3 pl. -tidnastis, Fing. R. 896 . Perf. (with -com-) 2 s. duécomnacht, Ml. 77c5 . 3 s. óre do-n-écomnacht , Wb. 1a1 . rel. tecomnacht, 26d23 . (with -ro-) dorindnacht, SR 124 (see GOI § 533 ).

Pass. pres. s. doindnagar, Wb. 16d14 . pl. rel. tindnagtar, 15c2 . Subj. pres. s. doindnastar, Ml. 142d1 . pl. doindnasatar, Wb. 17a2 . Fut. s. doindnastar, Ml. 46c20 . pl. doinnasatar, 30c17 . Pret. doindnacht, ACL iii 296 § 43 . Perf. (with -com-) doécomnacht, Wb. 14c33 . frisa teícomnacht , 19c8 . (with -ro-) do-r-rindnacht, 20d15 (see GOI § 533 ). Part. thinnachtae, Ml. 126d12 . Vn. tindnacol.

In Mid.Ir. the above stem is generally replaced by follg.:

(a) do-idnaig-: Fut. 2 s. doidnais, ZCP iii 210.12 ( LU 9633 ). Perf. 3 s. do-ridnacht, SR 1469 , 2020 , etc., dorignacht, 2672 . doeccomnacht .i. doridhnacht , O'Dav. 792 . rot(h)idnacht, SR 1977 , 2633 , etc. Pass. fut. s. tidnastar, ZCP ix 454.26 . PH 5144. 6918 . Perf. doridnacht, Ériu iv 158.18 . Fél. Nov. 12 v.l., Anecd. ii 9.5 . Later as simple vb. tidnaicid (note also perf. 3 s. doridnaic, Alex. 632 ). Vn. tidnacad.

(b) tindlaig-: Perf. dosrindlacht, IT iii 64.6 (= dosrinnlach, 22 ); doninnlaic (dotnindlaic, v.l.), O'Dav. 1522 ; usually as simple vb., vn. tindlacan.

(c) tidlaig-, treated as simple vb., vn. tidlacad.

(d) tidnais-: ipv. 2 s. tidnais comarli dam, MacCongl.² 29.892 . pret. 3 s. tidnais oen dó, MacCongl.² 20.613 . messi t[h]idnuis robud duit araír, MacCongl.² 27.852 .

See IGT Verbs § 56 .

(a) gives, bestows, grants, hands over (with DO of recipient): translates Lat. largiri, Ml. 93a20 ; contribuere, 78b18 ; distribuere, Sg. 27b12 ; tradere, Wb. 4b13 , 9b7 , 13b29 . Ml. 126d12 . mrechtrad inna ndáne tindnagtar do chách, Wb. 15a2 . in soinmigi duécomnacht dun, Ml. 77c5 . dorindnacht soas do Chummain, Fél. Nov. 12 . rí doridnacht talam tlacht | do Adaum, SR 1469 . rí rothidnacht do doenib | domun cona degmóinib, 1977 . ni tidnaic deorad De what a pilgrim bestows, Laws v 438.16 . co nus-tidnaicce Dia duit bethaid suthain , PH 6631 . i n tan na tidnaicc do bochtaib a chuit áine, 8373 . in spirut nóeb . . . tínaiced a rath in bale is áil dó, 5493 . tidnaig a dig do, Anecd. i 14.19 . tindlaicc dam aeib is eolus, BB 399a31 . caith a ndothidnacht Dia duid, Ériu i 46.9 . cid mor maithiusa notidnaiced in toictiu dó, CCath. 1090 . soilse ind Righ thidnaicis in flaith; soilse na noeb dia tidnacar, Ériu ii 144 § 161 . With omission of obj.: acht mad doene anforbthi . . . dōib-sede nī thidnaice, ACL iii 316 § 44 = doib noco comtidnais, LB 261a55 . Rarely with accus. of pers.: bendac[h]fuid cāch, cac[h] oc a bennochad; tidnocfaid cāch, cāch oc a t[h]idnocol, ZCP ix 455 . With FOR of pers.: méit donindnagar fornni fochith, Wb. 14b15 . Of offering in sacrifice: muirfidhter da fer .x. gach lai ┐ tidnaicfidhter dona deib, Ériu v 154 . Delivers up, hands over: [du]ecomnacht Dia in cathraig hi lāma Cald, Ml. 54c18 . morfessur clainne Saóil | dosridnacht Dauid . . . | i lamaib Ammoníta, SR 6747 . mani bed drochduine he, ni thindlécmais-ne det-siu he, PH 2699 . mairc . . . don tí triasa tídnustar mac duine fri croich, 5144 . do tionnlaicedh O Donnabhán do M., Cog. 88.2 . go dtiodhlaicidh an Tighearna thú ar dtuitim do láthair do námhad (= tradat te Dominus corruentem ante hostes tuos), TSh. 9705 . Hands down (of tradition, etc.): is é rotomais ina fuil itir firmamint ┐ grēin ┐ doridnacht do rimairib, Laws i 28.12 ( SR 124 ). tidnaic sen do tsin one senior conveys (tradition) to another, 36.19 . isuide dodnidnaig cluais do cluais do comceniuil (of a claim regarding tenure of land which is based on family tradition), iv 286.1 .

(b) brings, conveys, conducts (this sense seems confined to stem tidlaic- or tindlaic-): co ba trí do hinnlaicedh don Róimh eiséin thrice it was taken to Rome, SG 31.37 . ratinnlaicidh ar amus Comghaill iat, KMMisc. 321 v.l. § 4 n. 1 . guidh an Coimdhiu . . . co rotidlaici tu cusan creidem, RC x 184 .

domaínes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. domaínes or dil.ie/18063

n = domaíne: ar na rolena suthain-domaines in cinadh dit loss due to the crime , O'Curry 2490 ( Eg. 88, 40 (41)a ).

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