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suthain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. suthain or dil.ie/39343

 

Forms: suthin, suithin, suthain

adj i (2 so+tan) In O.Ir. Glosses usually suthin. hisa suithin , Ml. 49d3 . suthain , 90b10 , 109d9 . Sg. 5b5 .

(a) everlasting, eternal, perpetual : s.¤ .i. siordhaidhe, as comhsh.¤ an mac fris an athair, O'Cl. s.¤ .i. buan, Lec. Gl. 388 . inna piana suthini, Ml. 15c9 . pen són suthin, 16a6 . trem-feidligud suthin, 21d4 . for pianad bithsuthin, 26d12 . din bethaid suthin, 39a1 . nach comairle . . . dognither la fortacht dæ is bithsuthin adæ, 51b28 . bith suthin side didiu amal as suthin riuth grene gl. solis continuis cursibus pax aequabitur, 89c10 . grésaig .i. suthini gl. deuturni, 113b12 . connabad suthin in digal fornn, 119d6 . bethu suthin, Wb. 13b20 . 23b5 . anas suthin gl. spiritale, 13d9 . ateoch in ríg sóer s.¤ , Hy. vi 25 ( Thes. ii 353 ). ail suthuin `a perpetual disgrace' (a type of satire for which `díre' is paid), Laws v 228.y . dochum pene suthaine, SR 8353 . ni rap sét s.¤ . . . dún in sétsa (of the Dond Cúailnge), TBC-LL¹ 6160 . nocha tulaighenn in muir . . . ris na haibnibh fergacha no suthaine, MS. Mat. 617.35 ( H 3.18, 653 , O'Curry 1477 . ) do thomailt in t-shásta s.¤ , PH 7075 . sith s.¤ , TTebe 2755 . oighre s.¤ na soillse, DDána 35.5 . sláinte hsuchain chum bur n-onóra (in letter), Irish Texts iv 28.3 .

(b) Of persons long-lived: is hē laech is āillium robūi di feruib Hērinn . . . acht nī rop suthuin nammā, ZCP iv 32.4 = níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . doiligh dan lāech[d]acht. ní s.¤ a mbí, ifernnaig a mairb those who survive are short-lived, those who are killed are damned, ZCP vi 261.29 ( RC xlv 91 § 4 ). neach genes i nDomnach, bid s.¤ , ZCP x 225.7 . s.¤ cach mbeōda, ACL iii 230.131 .

(c) In Laws Comm. used with ré in glosses on aimser, inbaid, perh. in meaning usual (fixed, proper, particular?) time, period: atait tri re suthaine gl. atáit teora aimsira `particular (permanent?) times', Laws i 50.13 . in moin cruaid [is in re s.¤ a tochuirthur] `proper', 132.4 . is re suithain bu dir don brethemain in breth do breith, 156.21 . bla tarb ┐ reithe darmna .i. slan do na tarbaib . . . in ré s.¤ bit ac dáir na maine, iii 232.1 .

Equative: amal as s.¤ riuth grene sic bith suthainidir sin ainm solmon, Ml. 90b10 . Compar. ni thánic don bith ille bad suthainiu do chumnigud crochi Meic De (of Colum Cille), RC xx 406.3 ( ACC Comm . ). With de: cinn lútaingén a clainne feissin do thescadh sí co mbád suth[a]naidi íat `so that they might be the longer lived', Cóir Anm. 170 .

Adv. is rí co s.¤ é, MU² 142 .

Substantival uses: ní tremfeidliget . . . issa suthin `for ever', Ml. 21d4 . hisa suthin cen na forcenn, 51d24 . fúair in ts.¤ (sic leg.) blaid rosmill the deathless maid gained the fame that was her undoing, Metr. Dinds. iii 286.11 . santaiged na suthaine let him desire lasting things, PH 8065 .

Compds. ¤ainm a lasting name : as maith an sutan-ainm do sernadh . . . orra ó Fhenius gl. fo don sert sior ainm, Leb. Gab.(i) 280 n. 7 . ? ¤ges: teora sirechta flatha .i. teora sír-fuachtana no tri suithingesa na flatha, O'Dav. 1482 .