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1 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aí or dil.ie/714

 

Forms: áe, aiib

also áe. Poss. pron. 3 s. and 3 pl. all genders (see GOI § 444 ). his, hers, its, theirs: proprium .i. ái, Sg. 27a5 . ae .i. malorum gl. sui, Ml. 73b15 . huile bith ba hae hé (ba hai he, ba he aai, ba haoi ae, v.ll.) `the whole world it was his', ACC 19 . is ai talam ┐ muir `whose are earth and sea', Imr. Brain 15 § 27 . i ngait nádbi aí for the theft (of property) which is not his, Críth G. 218 . marob ar aile ín fir bed a ai do digsid `of the man whose property they are', Laws iv 126.2 Comm. eclas Dé bíi / léic díi anas n-ái `leave to her what is hers', Fél. 4.9 . With art.: a n-ái .i. a sainreth `its own i.e. what is proper to it', Sg. 29b3 . a ṅái gl. suum , 28a17 . genitiu aitrebthaig .i. sui .i. ind ái fo ṡodin, 209b5 . inna n-ae no ai gl. sui, Ml. 16d7 . inna n-ai gl. illorum, Sg. 198a16 . Preceded by unstressed form of the poss. in relative clause: intí bessa haí Cassel he to whom Cashel will belong, Anecd. iii 63.14 . aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (i.e. the mill), Críth G. 240 . bes a h-ai in fiach sin whose debt it is, Ériu xi 69.4 . Cf. neach le naigfedh me as a ae, ZCP iii 378.22 = neach len laighfed (.i. re cuirfedh) mé assa āe (.i. assi seilb), v 485.1 (B. na f.).

In Ml. the follg. artificial usages are Latinisms (see Thurn. Gramm. loc. cit.). The use of inflected pl. forms e.g. d p. aiib gl. de suis, 121b11 . The use of an unstressed poss. pron. before such pl. forms in order to distinguish his (pred.) from theirs e.g. á aii gl. (voluerit eos) suos (vocari), 92c10 . a n-aii gl. (né cupiditas dominorum sé) suosque (detereret), 121d15 . á aii .i. filios israhel gl. suos, 75c1 .

As partitive gen. (later replaced by de): aen n-ai one of them, Laws v 314.9 . cach áe, aí each of them: cach ae for alaill, Ml. 96b4 . nímmalle act is cach æ fo leith, Wb. 17d2 . ni sain cach hæ hi crist ni mó bríg cach he alailiu, 19c19 . cach hæ, 27b8 . cach næ (neut.), 12c46 . fri cach n-ae, Sg. 28b8 . do cach ae, 50a5 . cechae co cléir chredail / robet ocomm chobuir, Fél. Ep. 43 . la haithgein cach n-áe, Críth G. 225 . bés tige cach áe, 21 . i lláim cach hae, BDD² 1280 . cethrur cech æ, Fianaig. 12 § 13 . ar cech n-áe, TBFr. 24 . ar cech n-aí, 78 . magnificat la cach naí, Mon. Tall. 129.9 . do erslocad cach ai to open each of them, Hib. Min. 7.227 . ar cach ái, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.12 . Folld. by prep. DI: cech ae díb `each of these', Ml. 146a2 . cach hae díib son `i.e. each of them', Sg. 74b4 . cach ái díb, Mon. Tall. 161.7 . la cach n-oe díb, BDD² 897 . Note also: dus cia dhiobh no beith la gach ae uaidhibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 282.14 . cechtar n-aí each of (the two of) them: cechtar ái, Thes. ii 249.11 . dí laim cechtar n-ai im olaile, Trip.² 1768 . a charr ar bélaib cechtar n-a(e)i, Críth G. 592 . fo grúad cechtar n-oí, BDD² 995 . cechtar n-ái, TBC-LL¹ 5412 . la ceachtar n-ae díb with each of the two, BDD² 234 . tincsetar glinni cechtar n-aí díb, MU² 115 . indala n-aí (undeclined) one of the two,: togu indala n-ai `to choose one of the twain', Wb. 4c13 . indala n-aí . . . alaile, Trip.² 765 . elcuig indala næ, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . lasindara n-ōi, xiii 177.18 . indala haí is dub alaile (sic leg.) is find, BDD² 1302 . Without the art.: ar lēicse ala aī di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ar nī frīth ala ai do thacru for one of the two could not be found to plead, 354 § 42. dá [n]dorus [n-]and — comla[e] ar ala n-aí, Críth G. 101 . na, nach áe any (with neg. vb. (none) of them: ni torban na áe mani bǽ desercc `none of them profiteth unless there be charity', Wb. 12b33 . na he gl. nullum, BCr. 43c1 (neg. vb. implied). co nā rogainn nach æ (na hé v.l.) ann, ZCP iii 452.7 . ni nach æ it is not any of them, Hib. Min. 198 . ní thairmescad nach ai alaile, LU 8566 ( FB 42 ). nechtar n-aí either of the two: o nechtar nái `from either of the two', Sg. 37b18 . ni ain nechtar náii `He will not protect either of them', Wb. 25d14 .

benaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benaid or dil.ie/5647
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: benim, benaim, benai, benith, benaid, bennaid, benid, bentai, -ben, benas, benait, -benat, -rubaim, benair, benar, -bentar, -benad, -bentais, ben, benad, benaidh, benat, benar, -bia, -ruba, -rubai, -bethir, -ruibther, betir, -rubad, -rubaitis, -rubdais, no-m-bethe, bīu, biëd, bíthus, bias, bifas, -biter, bethir, -bífad, -bífed, mbíthe, beo, bii, b, bissis, bisius, bië, -beotur, -rubha, -ruba, -rubai, -rubi, rodmbi, ros-bae, robéotar, robeotar, robeobdar, -rubatar, -rubhradar, bíth, -rrubad, bíthi, bitha, -bítha, ro-bīthe, bethi

v See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 369 , 461 , GOI §§ 551 , 654 , 691 (a) , KZ xlvii 159. Indic. pres. 1 s. benim, Thes. ii 42.7 . benaim, LU 6170. 2 s. benai, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. benith, Thes. ii 250.11 , benaid, Ml. 46d4 , LU 6206 , bennaid, 5213 . benid, TBC-I¹ 397 , bentai, 1201 (with suff. pron.). bentus, Airne F. 2.17 . -ben, 424 , Blathm. 98 § 26. Rel. benas, Corm. Y 1235 , Críth G. 556 , TBC-I¹ 3605. 3 pl. benait, Fél. Jan. 31 , June 30 , -benat, MU² 544. With ro-: 1 s. -rubaim, LU 6230. Pass. sg. benair, Ériu ix 47 § 19. Rel. benar, Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). 3 pl. -bentar, Ml. 91b3 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -benad, LU 9137 ( FB 88 ), 3 pl. -bentais, TBC-I¹ 30. Ipv. 2 s. ben, TBC-I¹ 3593. 3 s. benad, Wb. 20c8 . 2 pl. benaidh, Ériu ii 120 § 58. 3 pl. benat, TBC-LL¹ 5834. Pass. sg. benar, Ml. 93d16 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. -bia, Laws iv 124.10 . With ro-: 2 s. -ruba, TBC-I¹ 1596. -rubai, Críth G. 581. Pass. 3 s. -bethir, Ml. 36a5 . -ruibther, CRR 54. 3 pl. betir, Ml. 54a17 . Subj. impf. (with ro-) 3 s. -rubad, TBC-I¹ 2769. 3 pl. (?) -robeotais, Cymmr. xiv 118 § 19 ( Rawl. 132b35 ). -rubaitis, TBC-I¹ 806 , -rubdais, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.24 . Pass. sg. no-m-bethe, Ml. 39a19 .

Fut. 1 s. bīu, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. biëd, Celtica xxi 200.6 . bíthus (with suff. pron.), LU 10481. Rel. s. bias, TBC-LL¹ 3453. With -f-: bifas, Rawl. 132b36 . Pass. pl. -biter, Anecd. i 44.4 . Rel. s. bethir, Blathm. 957 . Condit. 3 s. no bīad, TBC-I¹ 2942. -bífad, SR 5812 , -bífed, TBC-LL¹ 744. Pass. s. no mbíthe (nom bithe, MS.), Blathm. 506.

Pret. and perf. 1 s. beo, TFrag. 108.6 = AFM i 302.9 . 3 s. bii (disyll.), Blathm. 98 § 25. b, LU 1750 (ICM). -bí (= -bai, TBC-I¹ 696 ), LU 5176. Note also (with suffix. pronoun and intrusive -s-) bissis, RC xii 68 § 34 , bisius ib. Rel. s. bië (disyll.), Blathm. 279. 3 pl. -beotur, Corm. Y 698 (59.5) = -beodutar, Corm. 24 (gaire). With ro-: 1 s. -rubha, AFM i 242.9 (= RC xvii 177.2 ), 2 s. -ruba, Wb. 13d25 . 3 s. ro bi, Rawl. 88a30 , -rubai, LU 5334 , -rubi, BDD² 187 , rodmbi, Laws iv 176.26 . ros-bae, CRR 56. 3 pl. robéotar, LU 5110 (= TBC-I¹ 625 ). robeotar (beóatar, robeobdar, ro hortsat, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.3 . -rubatar, TBFr. 60 , BDD² 695. Note also: go n-da-rubdatar, TBC-LL¹ 4384 (see Ériu xiv 118.1 ). -rubhradar, ZCP i 464.29 . Pass. sg. bíth, Metr. Dinds. iii 94.23 . ro bíth, RC xxiii 308.33 . -rrubad (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10.21 . pl. bíthi (bithi, MS.), Blathm. 203. bitha, RC xxiii 308.33 , -bítha, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 52. ro bitha, Ml. 100b2 , TBC-I¹ 1373. ro-bīthe, ZCP xi 62.4 .

Part. see bíthe. vbl. of necess. bethi, Ml. 114c12 . Vn. see béim, bíth. Later with stem ben-, boin- (cf. boingid), bain- throughout (with ā-subj., f- future and s- pret.). See rubaid.

I

(a) beats, strikes: in O. Ir. gl. pinso, Thes. ii 42.7 , perculsus, Ml. 45d6 , pulsat, 46d4 , iecta, 123c17 . beanaim .i. buailim, O'Cl. b.¤ in t-aingel in sruth co fleisc, LU 2117 ( FA 18 ). bi ind ala slabrad suil ind rig, Ériu iii 136.2 . co mbensom dia durnn inna ētan, TBC-I¹ 423. fer benas dam óenbéimmim who fells an ox with one blow, Críth G. 556. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb, TBC-I¹ 1201. b.¤ in talum o chois deis he strikes the ground with his right foot, PH 1337. benith galar (a charm), Thes. ii 250.11 . araile fer . . . robenad on crithgalur was stricken by, Lat. Lives 98 § 93. benfat na demna o phianaib examla me, PH 2231. (of a head of hair) b.¤ braine a dá imdae it strikes against (i.e. touches) the edge of his hips, BDD² 963. drud rú asa mbearna bheanaid `whose gap they strike at' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 859. an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a clár dod chumhochtaibh `strike up . . . the scale weighted with my sins' (?), Dán Dé xxii 12 . Transfd. casts (a shadow): co mbentais foscod i medōn a dā gruaide (eyelashes), TBC-I¹ 30. reaches: benaidh immorro inis Breatan seach hErinn saerthuaid co cian (`extends', Todd Nenn. 31.2 ), BB 203b40 .

Of hand-clappers, bells strikes, rings: ben do chlocc, Trip.² 1370. clocán bind / benar i noidchi gaithe that is struck, IT iii 16 § 40 . benais Sencha bascrand, MU² 923. robenadur na cluic `sounded', ZCP vi 285.1 . benait cluig ┐ ceōlāin . . . uaidhip fēin `the bells and chimes . . . of themselves rang', Fl. Earls 52.2 . In phr. b.¤ (cloc) FOR (? AR), see II infra.

Strikes (fire), lights: co bethir gl. inuratur, Ml. 36a5 . roben in tenid Chascae = incendit ignem, Lat. Lives 5 § 4. do benusa teine ┐ doronus a fadodh, BNnÉ 69 § 114 .

Note also: F. féigbind ro ben bríg mbreth who passed weighty judgments (Thurn.), ZCP x 271.4 . With galar: benaim galar `I slay the disease´ Celtica xxv 252 . benim a galar, Thes. ii 249.7 . benith galar, 250.11 . See also 1 fris-ben.

(b) hews, cuts down, off: bíi Ququlaind a dī ord lāma ┐ a dī ortt coisse, ZCP viii 120.21 . bennaid Cu Chulaind omnae, LU 5213. do benuit leō roga ro-chleth . . . ┐ mīne mōirf[h]eda, ML² 1064. benat scíathu let them slash shields, TBC-LL¹ 5834. (of breaching, knocking down a wall) dia robenad in t-ochtmad múr, PH 8014.

(c) slays; wounds: beosa L. an[d] do chailg, TFrag. 108.6 (= AFM i 302.9 ). ra mbeótar i n-ecomlond, LU 6680 (= TBC-I¹ 2138 ). intī bifas nō genfas (sic) nech do slōg araile . . . arthús, Rawl. 132b36 . nad ro marb in bech rodmbi (glossed: ro gonastar e, 178.7 Comm. ) `the bee which stung him', Laws iv 176.26 . Eoin . . . do thriall tar sáil / is mó bhíth mé is do ghríos mé ná is mian do rádh `what has wounded me more sorely', O'Gr. Cat. 581.10.

(d) Of crops cuts, reaps; gathers: (of Adam) co n-aireadh ┐ co mbenadh gan allus, BB 16b2 ( ITS xxxiv 58.15 ). benaid in gort uile `they reap the whole field', Ériu v 116.14 . glenn . . . ina mbenaid dáoine ímforcraidh spísraid, Maund. 54. an chnú ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . luibh leighis re báidh beanais with love (for us) He plucked a healing herb, DDána 48.1 . (of turf-cutting) mani bentar hi ina haimsir coir, Laws i 132.7 Comm.

(e) incises, engraves: ise in luathrindi sin robenadh i sciath C. that is the `luathrindi' (lit. ash-point) that was cut in the shield of C., Ériu v 72.23 . (of drawing Ogam characters) no da mbentar uile, LL 5338 ( Auraic. 5449. )

(f) takes (away), carries off: bensat giallu iar congail, RC xvii 145.14 . Of tax, tribute, etc. exacts, levies: mili dam mili bo benaim `I exact', 49.9 .

II With follg. adv. do ben a claidheamh amach drew his sword, ITS xix 44.4 . lér bhain sé a fhlaitheas . . . amach arís `recovered', Keat. ii 1089. do benadh luirech an ridire sin amuig `was captured', L. Chl. S. 38. do bean Úa B. . . an gealladh . . . ar aiss retracted, Expugn. Hib. 69. do benatar ar lár laim ris `they fell to the ground', BCC 132.

With prepp. With A takes from: in pars benar a hichtur in lithe `the particle that is cut off', Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). ercōit benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308.z. is tu rogab misi . . . ┐ roben fhuasgailt asum `got ransom from me', ZCP vi 285.8 . (of a rescue from a castle) go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'eiccen, AFM vi 2172.25 . do bheanadar as . . . they inferred that . . ., PublicRecords Appendix 40.22 . eunuchi . . . .i. na daoine as a mbeantur, 23 K 42, 94.18 . na h-ainmhíntidhe a mbaintear asta which are gelded, Corp. Astron. 90.21 . as e as adbur as a mbainter na catraca `that is the material from which cities . . . are formed', Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.7 . do benadh comnuidhe asainne forsan muir we were stayed, BNnÉ 7 § 22 . robenus lēim luthmur . . . as mo sdét made my steed leap, ZCP vi 65.9 . beantur fiuchad as `bring it (i.e. milk) to the boil', Rosa Angl. 94.2 . b.¤ custam as levies toll on: bentor custam as a n-eachroidh in gach baile dip, Fl. Earls 86.1 . b.¤ greim a see greimm. ? gan mo bhac, a Dhé, i ndeacraibh / ná beantair lat é as m'olcaibh, DDána 61.6 .

With DE takes from: robenaitt a lama ┐ a cosa donti dorone were cut off, Ann. Conn. 1224.3 . benuis screapall beg . . . de `broke off', Fl. Earls 34.17 . dobenadh a ceimniughudh de the power of walking was taken from him, Aisl. Tond. 107.3 . Of covering, clothing, etc. ben a erriud ┐ a étgud de take off his equipment and his clothing, TBC-LL¹ 4061. bensat a chroicend de `stripped his skin from him', PH 2146. bean an dá bhliadhain déag . . . do na hocht gcéad déag bliadhan úd `deduct . . . from', Keat. ii 1160. do ben minna da ṡíair fa marbad uile `he made his sister swear that she would kill them all', Maund. 82. go mbeanfaidhear cúntas 'na smuaintighthibh dhe an account of his thoughts will be demanded of him, TSh. 7304.

Various phrases. b.¤ céill, súil de, see cíall, súil. b.¤ cert de, see cert. do bhean Ír díobh . . . tosach `outstripped [them],' Content. xxx 4 ; cf. ag béin túsa d'íbh Táil, IGT Introd. § 38. ris an mbréig níor bhean dá mhóid he did not break his vow (?), A. Ó Dálaigh l 31.

With DO: lucht an bheatha dá mbeanfadh on whom it would fall (i.e. a deluge of rain), DDána 75.22 . do ben escor don nech the person fell, BCC 452.27 . do bhain a mhaoith (sic MS.) do gach fior affected everyone, Ériu i 98.32 . ro bhen a droch-dhiach dhó oir fuair a righedh ar carr `his evil destiny awaited him', AFM v 1818.12 . ní bhean th'aigneadh d'Eóghan thy opinion did not effect E. (i.e. E. was not of thy mind), Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 5 . dom anmain is eadh bheanas / an mac do bhí i mbraighdeanas the child . . . is my soul, DDána 7.21 . gidh cúich mé, a bhean, beanfad daoibh / madh áil leat leannán macaoimh I shall be yours, 67.14 . Caiter ḟíona .i. an chailleach dhubh do ben dó who adhered to him, Ó Héodhusa 42.8 . ní bheanann dúinn trāchdadh orra annso it is not our business to . . ., Mac Aingil 2586 . ní bheanand doibh offic Chriosd do ghabhail chuca `they have no right to', Carswell 225.

With FO: b.¤ foo (in ras. H) attacks them, LU 4874. bean far dtoirmisg-ne far dtoil try to prevent us from achieving our wish, DDána 95. 24 . má bheanann faoi ag mionsmuaineadh . . . ar na neithibh si if he happens to be thinking, Mac Aingil 360 .

With FOR (AR): forom-sa co m-benfat a n-osnaid ┐ a mmallachtain it is at me their sighs . . . will be directed, TBC-LL¹ 197. benais Medb béim n-aisce fair reproached him, 472 . benfait Ulaid form do lecud th'oenur sin cocrích, 1176 . ní bheanfa aimhleas no olc / ormsa inghean Con Connocht `Cú Ch.'s daughter will not charge me with hurt or harm' (?) Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ro ben cotlud na haidhchi forro deprived them of, CCath. 2439. ni bhenabh sa a chuid don tsaogal fair, BNnÉ 182.15 . ar neach do bhean a mbúaludh / uabhur h'each mear dhā mūnadh `the mettlesomeness of your swift steeds . . . deprived a person of (the need of) beating them' (Notes), O'R. Poems 2535. nā benaidh amhiris for Dia imm immut a mirbhol do not visit God with disbelief (?), Ériu ii 120 § 58. b.¤ (cloc) for (? ar) lit. rings (a bell) against, hence excommunicates: gabais salmmu escaine foraib . . . B. a chlocc foraib, Trip.² 1303. cor benadh an Bernān Ciarāin (i.e. the saint's bell) fair, RC xvii 383.11 . benait co mBríg . . . / barr find for slúag enair they, together with . . . B., bring the host of January to a good end, Fél. Jan. 31. See 1 glas.

With FRI (LA): traig . . . isī benas fri lār touches the ground, Corm. Y 1235. is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic MS.) ilbeim friss gl. lapidem offensionis et petram scandali, Wb. 4d15 . fuair fearthain . . . / nochar bhean re brat an naoimh, Dán Dé iv 22 . in Brug risa mbenand tond, Ériu vii 219 § 6. ? co Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben, iv 154.2 (see F 428.56). benum . . . frisna catrachaib filet fri toeb mara let us visit, LB 142a29 . acht co mbeantai (toccaibti, v.l.) mur friu `if only a wall were set up against them', Ériu viii 179.9 . inud in ro ben in nathair fris 'the place where the serpent had stung him', ITS xxxv 34 § 119 . Fig. touches, affects; is concerned with, meddles with: benad fria chubus fessin gl. opus suum probet unusquisque, Wb. 20c8 . benaidh rind labhairt ar aesaib(h) an domhain, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.7 . ná bean ris, Proverbs xx.19. Ronán . . . / Colman fria mbaig benaim `whom I entreat for their blessing', Gorm. Aug. 18 (? modelled on late Lat. use of pulsare in sense of rogo, see Du Cange s.v. 1 pulsare ). ara mbaig fris mbenab, Nov. 4. gach ní dar bhean le Tepoitt `all the possessions of T.', AFM vi 2146.19 . an té do-ní adhaltrannas . . nō bheanas ré mnaoi neamhpósda, Parrth. Anma 2495.

With I: b.¤ side sleg n-ind, LU 1522. suil beanfuighthear innte = before it be meddled with, Proverbs xvii 14.

with ó forms, derives from (gramm.): cia an t-éntuillréim dég iollraidh ó nach beantur samhlughadh amhuil, IGT Introd. § 2. ? aer o bard benar, Laws v 228.28 .

bríathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríathar or dil.ie/6796

 

Forms: brethar, breithre, briathar, -glicc

n ā, f. GOI § 161. brethar, Laws i 268.14 . b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 56. In later lang. also o, m.

(a) word; in religious sense Word (of God); utterance, talk, saying(s), speech, discourse ; non-verbal sign (?) Éigse xxiv 41 : o .i. son i mbraighid. p .i. briathar sechtair, Ériu xiii 37.4 . nach tan do furgaib int augtur brethir for a gin sechtair bid briathar for a menmain fris gair do suidev . . . illud verbum . . . illi verbo . . ., Hib. Min. 12.410 , 411 . briathar cen guth .i. briathar in sgribhind, nó in compoid merda `the written word', O'Dav. 285 , Ériu xiii 37.7 . briathor insce apud Eoles (an Aeolic *βρήτρα seems intended, ed.), O'Mulc. 160. be sóir mo brethre `I shall be free as regards my word', Wb. 4c18 . ammi tuailṅge ar mbrethre gl. uerbo (. . . æpistolas), 17b5 . indat mbriathra gl. verba, Ml. 44b9 . do rad inna mbriathar sa gl. haec uerba, 46a19 . imfresnat a ngníme fria mbriathra `their deeds conflict with their words', Wb. 31b30 . deich míli briathar, 12d25 . it immaircidi dunni inna briathrasa, Ml. 22c5 . ni aithirgi ho briathraib nammá cen gním gl. non usque ad uerba, 23a11 . olc hi cridiu ┐ briathra aildi `fair words', 55a11 . ar chomallad do briatharsu, 39a12 . ni sulbir in b.¤ gl. sermo contemptibilis, Wb. 17b4 . taibred for mb.¤ ráth spirito do chách gl. sermo vester, 37c28 . briathra aildi la cechtar de fri alaile gl. sermone, Ml. 31a24 . inna briathra radas, 42c4 . níbat briathra nach aili gl. non explorata loquar, 68c10 . eritiu briathar ho neuch anall gl. reddendique sermonis, 59a15 . frissaní immeraidtis hua briathrib, 61c12 . briathar lám . . . briathar súle . . . briathar glunæ . . . briathar choirp gl. membrorum motus sermo, 138a2 . int ord nobeth fornaib briathraib gl. dictorum hunc habet ordinem, 27d22 . inna briathra grecdi se, Sg. 72a2 . hi mbrethir hi cocell hi ṅgním, Thes. ii 253.11 (Stowe M.). for brethir `in word', Wb. 15d5 . intan tra batar forsna briathraib se `when they were thus talking', Thes. ii 307.15 (Hy. ii Pref.). umaldóit for (fri, v.l.) bréthir ` mouth-humility ', Ériu iii 102 § 27a . trea chumbair ṁbriathar ` compendiously ', Thes. ii 327.5 . briathar foirbthigedar in duine i ndírgi cáingníma `the Word which perfects man', Wb. 4d6 . in bethu dorairngert som issí in briathar insin gl. uerbum suum in praedicatione, 31a9 . indhí pridchite . . . brethir dǽ gl. qui laborant in uerbo et doctrina, 29a12 . briathra dǽ, Ml. 146a1 . oc procept bréthri Dé, PH 2173. as esiomh . . . an bhriathar = the word, RSClára 142a. cundail a b.¤ (rhet.), LU 3401 ( SCC 18 ). grāibre .i. magar .i. briathar grata, O'Mulc. 688 = graibhri .i. briathar ghrata, no onórach, O'Cl. rabert-si na briathra sa she spoke these words, TBC-LL¹ 5730. ilar mbriathar mbláith rot char, LU 3614 ( SCC 30 ). millse briathra ḟir thochmairc, LL 13975 n. a (121a marg. sup.). in tan . . . bói Ísu oc lábra na mbriathar-sa, PH 3076. Secundi / cain i mbriathraib bíae `fair in words of might', Fél. Mar. 22. cona . . . digebad cid a oen ḟocul dia briathraib `not to . . . take away a single word that she said', Mon. Tall. 150.5 . nach duine isin tig arta-ceisi guth ┐ gním ┐ bréithir with . . . word, BDD² 884. brēthir bláith with gentle words, Sc.M² 21 f . dorónus dōibh dūa[i]n mbinn mbairdne, / brēithir glēisi with clear words, ACL iii 296 § 45. ro-slanaig Ísu me d'aen brethir, PH 2789. briathra Brain (of the baying of a hound), Measgra D. 38.15 . bríathra cogaidh, Studies 1920, 416.1 . ná tabhair bréithir mbréige `utter no false word', 1924, 244 § 26 . Brīathra Floinn Ḟīona maic Ossa (title of collection of maxims), Anecd. iii 10.15 . briathra fíra `just judgements', PH 823. briathar fhoirbhthe an ughdair-se this author's excellent saying, DDána 27a2 . ra bréthir a flatha `at . . . the command of their prince', TBC-LL² 4104 .

In phr. attá b.¤ (la, oc) di: intí diarobe briathar linn riam gl. de quo iam dixi, Sg. 197b12 . in Bethfage dia ta briathar i-fus of which mention is made here, PH 4600. ni do Thempul Solman . . . ro-bói briathar oc Ísu, 2725 .

(b) blessing, prayer, good wishes; in bad sense curse: forácaib bréthir fair (a well) `a blessing', Trip. 162.25 . tre brethir ṁBrigte, LL 38303 (` intercession ', SG 408.5 ). briathar .i. búaidh. fágbhaim ort briathar ┐ buaidh ar Colum Cille re Domhnall mhac Aodha, O'Cl. foracaib Pátraic breithir (.i. escaine) foraib, ACL iii 28 § 78. dorat Brigit brethir for Raith C. cona be[d] etc., Thes. ii 335.34 (Hy. v Comm.). fuirimh . . . / briathar doréir righ na rind / ar Ch. lay a curse on C., BNnÉ 314 § 8 .

(c) word, promise, assurance; pledge, vow: darm brethir (sic leg.) tra . . . isatt ailsiu damsa upon my word, LU 3918 ( SCC 43 ). dar ar mbréithir, CRR² 23. do brīathar bad fīr `let thy word be true', Ériu ii 172 § 3. ag so mo briathar ris . . . nach ticfaind . . . ┐ is briathar eile damh . . . nach gébaind, ML² 1439. ni ro-gabsat uada acht a bréthir do comallad friu save only that he should fulfil his promise to them, PH 908. ? dligid bés brēithir, Anecd. iii 15.2 (` `perhaps' merits a promise', RC xlv 71 § 36 ). co tanic mac N. ar breithir asin tig himag under a guarantee of protection, Ann. Conn. 1239.5 . gēmadh í an bhriathar bheag though it were a mere promise, Butler Poems 1243 . Phrases with verbs: dabiur bréthir . . . na fuil etc. `I swear ', TBC-LL² 747 . do-beram ar mbréthir . . . cunad fír, MU² 284. dobeirim fom bréithir a bhfiadhnaisi an Dúilim I swear in the presence of the Creator, Anecd. i 77.16 . tuc dā brēithir pledged his word, ML² 191. da-oṅg-sa mo bréthir, MU² 181. do radh dhá bréithir . . . nach rachad he vowed, Duan. F. i 1.17 . ni thánic dar a bréthir did not break his word, RC xx 12 § 17. tucus mo bréthir ris . . . ┐ ní faris ticfaither, MU² 179.

(d) Legal statement, testimony: is iat na tri fira is luga a enechus: lorg ┐ briathar ┐ suilgnais. A lorg on mír gan urlabra, a briathar on mir co n-urlabra ┐ a sulgnais on ceill maith gan urlabra, Cóic Con. 42 § 63. na hechlacha, cor indligthech, cin breithir, ni berat coibchi muna thisat fri dligi without guarantee, Laws v 272. y Comm. ? fasc tres brethar an is nesam i n-urd, i 268.14 . na tri briathra da fasc na athgabala . . . gur ab edh adbera don tres brethir i n-urd aisnesin: ro gabuis t'athgabhail, 302.23 , 26 Comm. ni fastann acht na tri briathra .i. in lin fear, ┐ in lin ceall, ┐ in la sundradhach (of the testimony of the mac bec or m. enncai), O'Curry 2431.2 ( Eg. 88, 35a-b ). tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is assembled by him into three words (of testimony of the fer midboth), Críth G. 40. Attrib. g s.: aithne breithre `a verbal charge ' (one of seven deposits that require to be restored), Laws v 196.3 .

(e) Gramm. verb: briathar . . . uerbum , Auraic. 300. ind infinit in e ón bréthir in o, Sg. 54a16 . amal as ṁbriathar gníma aperio an active verb, 145b4 . fríssin bréthir as sum , Thes. ii 228.36 (PCr.). ara forcmatis in tuisel sainredach inna brethre hua mbiat, Sg. 149a5 . itar in di brethir so, 203a16 . ar in ṁbrethir ṅdiuit, 140a4 . dia techtat briathra in -go gl. si a uerbis sint in `go' desinentibus, 112b3 . on brethir is axarcisto, Laws v 22.10 Comm. in dobriathar .i. do 'g-a rada nach briathar he, 4.11 Comm. on brethir choitchind asberar sufragor gl. [s]uffragare, Gild. Lor. 1.

Compds. With nouns. in Briatharchath ban Ulad War of Words, LU 8039. gur uo briathor-chealga brēgacha ro chan `deceitful . . . words', Fl. Earls 138.28 . ag bríathar-chomrādh re aroile ` conversation ', 46. 23 . drem dub dorcha brisess bruth, / atbelat fri briathar-chruth, MS. Mat. 633.29 ( LB 242b85 ). Bríatharthecosc Con Culaind inso (heading of precepts of C.C. to king of Tara), LU 3465 ( SCC 25 ). With adjj. co Bresal ṁbrec ṁbriatharchaem of the fair words, Rawl. 83a53 . bērus bre[i]th brīathargla[i]n, ZCP viii 199.27 . derdilinne an eoil oirrdirc / firinne a beoil briathoirgilc (-gilc for -glicc ed.) wise of speech , ii 350.11 . a Bricriu báeth briatharguirt ` sour-worded ', RC xiv 424 § 45. sámud būan bríatharísel ` low-voiced ', Ériu ii 63 § 1. a bhille bhriatharmhaill `o letter of tardy words', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 13 . an bhuidhean bhriatharnar of modest speech, DDána 75.29 . With adj. as subst. don bhriatharthaoi bhinn quiet-spoken one (of a lady), DDána 117.51 .

cach, cech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cach, cech or dil.ie/7528
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cach, cech, cach, gach, gech, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cach, cech

pronominal adj. prec. noun each, every, all , unstressed form of cách. See GOI 33 , 310 - 11 . In Wb. and Sg. usually cach. in Ml. cech ( cech, Wb. 1c18 , 2a22 , 3d30 , 4a2 , 5c20 (chech), 6b1 , 21a14 , 33c8 , 34a2 , Sg. 190a3 . cach, Ml. 19c1 , 22b1 , 24c9 , 35b10 , 51d3 , 92d12 , 111a5 etc.). In later lang. gach, see GOI 111 . gech, Celtica iv 28.396 . Not itself lenited ( GOI 141 ), but does not prevent mutation of follg. word. g s f. cacha, cecha (see below) geminates on evidence of later lang., GOI 151 . Follg. nasalization originating in neut. and a s. spreads to other grammatical contexts: amru cach n-ārmaig, SR (Greene) 3770 . ba amru cech n-ail, SR (Greene) 4513 . ba ferr cech ndáil, SR (Greene) 7125 . a mbreath gach nduine, TD 34.9 . gach n-oidhche, DDána 98.3 . See MU² xxxi .

Uninflected in sg. except g s f. cacha, cecha (below); rarely in other cases. g s n. drécht caich ceniúil, Wb. 5c3 . g s f. cecha cathrach, Ml. 53d6 . cecha soinmige, 56b22 . cacha frithare, 111a5 . cacha dúlo, Wb. 13b28 . cacha rainne, Sg. 26b9 . cacha áirme, 198a14 . cache oxile, Thes. ii 255.4 . cacha hairge, Anecd. i 1.9 ( SCano 9 ). cachae tremsi, Mon. Tall. 138.3 . gacha cairbhe, DDána 99.29 . gacha mēide, Fl. Earls 88.16 . a s f. doomlacht . . . ol nais caich mbleguin, AU i 188.8 . Later also cacha, cecha with other genders: cacha fechtais, BDD² 201 . cacha ráithi (sic MS.), Críth G. 179 . cacha lestair, Laws iv 192.9 . cecha carptig, CRR 38.x . cecha huilc, PH 6166 . gacha síodha, Aithd. D. 88.9 . ilimud cecha hairm, Stair Erc. 824 . For usage in class. verse cf. bean gach fhir, bean gacha fir .c. Fiafruigheam focal gach fear . . . .c. . . . gacha, ni .c. na dhíaigh achd táoibhréim úathaidh . . . meallam duine gacha fir, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. anam gach fhir, Dán Dé xxx 4 . do reactha rún gacha fir, Studies 1919, 258 § 19 .

In pl. somet. cacha, cecha, but also cach, cech: cecha dethidnea domundi all worldly cares, Wb. 3d30 . cacha cethri, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . tri (leg. fri ? edd.) cecha oina `towards every one', Ml. 56a20 . cecha soinmech gl. affluentiam rerum omnium, 91c12 . bendacht cecha bordgal (: ordan), Fél. Prol. 275 (leg. cech óen, Stokes Gloss., but see below). cacha leth, ZCP viii 307.26 . hi cacha bésaib `in all usages', Wb. 16a27 . hi cacha persanaib, Sg. 208a11 . Uninflected: sech cech ríga, Ml. 84b1 . ó cach tharmmorcnib `from all endings', Sg. 43a5 . cach iptha ┐ gach éle ┐ gach orthana, TBC-LL¹ 3639 . In follg. appar. with g pl. Note, however, absence of nasalization (see Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. and cf. ciall iollraidh tá a ngach; dá dhearbhadh sin as .c. meallfad iad gach fear, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40. 3 ): for got cech meall do mellaib a dromai, BDD² 351 . fotha . . . cach imforran, RC xxiv 186.11 . go líon gcéad gach córughadh, DDána 74.17 . comhchruinnioghadh . . . gach ainchriosdaidheadh oile, Ó Héodhusa 33.3 .

In later lang. certain prepp. are modified before gach. See la, 1 do, i, tre and cf. leis gach bhfear, TD 9.26 .

I

(a) each, every, all : dognitis cech ndochrud and, Ml. 22a4 . is huaisliu cech duil, 25a1 . ar cech lau gl. in dies, 29a11 . hi cech dú gl. passim, 50c12 . im cech rét ru-n-ecat les, 57b4 . secech talmain, 84a2 (= sech cech). cech ṅdrochscél gl. omnis fabula, 86b3 . a cach duini gl. o homo omnis, Wb. 1c8 . foditiu cech imnid, 1c18 . fo bésad cech dachpreceptoro, 4a2 . do-feich cach n-olcc et mórid cach maith, 6a16 . is diamuin leiss cach thúare, 6b8 . i cach réit ro-hí a less gl. in omnibus bonis, 20c11 . os cech anmimm ainmnigther gl. super omne nomen, 21a14 . cach tenge gl. omnis lingua, 23c20 . cach gutae, Sg. 18a3 . do cach brethir, 161a1 . ciall cech muid, 190a3 . recachthuisiul, 210a8 . ducach belru, Thes. ii 226.23 . da gach bocht, Blathm. 40 . hi cinn cach thíre, ZCP xi 82 § 20 . etir cach salm deni trib cáocad sancte Michaol etc. , Mon. Tall. 130.24 . cech nderg . . . cach nua . . . cech ard everything red, etc., LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). dicerint omne malum .i. cach nolc, ZCP viii 173.20 . cech saer noslēma, 110.29 . cach deisel is dī dacuas, ACL iii 237 § 26 . mar cach ndeiscipal acci, BColm. 56.9 . cluned huaim chech deag-duini, Ériu iii 196 § 16 . fuli cech anmae `the sins of every soul', 96 § 3 . du gach thir, Laws iv 162 n. in cech tīr, ZCP viii 109.4 . geall gach ḟir, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . gach grádh riamh dá radas dise, Timth. viii 1918, 8 § 3 . saidhbir . . . o gech earnuil eisc, RC xlvi 226.7 . gach aimsir do-chuaidh thort, Corp. Astron. 6.6 . For phr. cach díriuch directly see díriuch, dírge.

(b) V. freq. in genitives of time, see bliadain, tan, tráth etc. and día, , GOI 159 .

(c) With uile (on follg. lenition see Bard. Synt. Tr. 95.11 ): do gach uili arm, Stair Erc. 1545 .

(d) For phr. cach aí each of them see 1 aí and cf. di cach di suidib immenetar `of each of them in turn', Ml. 26b20 . cech diib, 72b27 . cach diib, 114c15 . See cách (c).

(e) With follg. cardinal ( gach ┐ gach ré, .l. áireamh uathaidh nó iollraidh na mbéal, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40.2 ): i ngnimaib cech óin, Ml. 56c11 . cech oin, 68a13 . cach oén creitfess hí Christ, Wb. 4d21 . do c[ec]h óin bíth [hí] croi[ch], Tur. 136 . du cech óin dia chlaind, Ml. 133a10 . cech oin huaib, 34a3 . no sasadh cech naon, Blathm. 39 . cech n-ōen ronānaicc a less, ACL iii 2.4 . re cech oin salm, Ml. 2b4 . doaidlibem cech n-oin dliged, 14d5 . du cech oin erbirt biuth gl. ad ussús omnes, 128c2 . hi cech oinalaithe .i. cech dia gl. in dies singulos, 58d3 . nomen saindíles cach oenḟolaid, Sg. 28a16 . cach oinfolaid gl. pro uniuscuiusque rei, 200b4 . as gach éanaird, TD 8.11 . cech da son `two words apiece', Tur. 2 . cach di dúil, Sg. 3b8 . eter cach da asna, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). iter cech dá dorus, BDD² 282 .

(f) With ordinal: gach treas baili, Acall. 1882 . cach nómad n-aidche, BDD² 174 . For phr. cachla every other, etc. see 1 aile, and cf. Zimmer KZ xxx 69 - 71 . Note also: cach ra n-úair . . . in n-úair aile, LU 2166 ( FA 24 ). cach ra fechtas, Rawl. 149b46 . gach dara lá, TSh. 7911 . For rules for use of gach ré in class. verse see Bard. Synt. Tr. 39 - 40 .

(g) With follg. abstr. noun: cach faicsi thiced d'aidchi ra étlaitis lucht a frestail the closer it came to nightfall, LL 268b24 . cech doimne noroisidh an t-adhnacul the deeper the grave reached, ZCP viii 560.22 . gach méad dob' inleighis d'a muinntir, Ériu i 90 § 39 . gach mēide rusmair `all who still lived', Fl. Earls 246.23 . gach fairsingi bias an dorus, is usuidi le dul amach, Rosa Angl. 44.11 . gac fad teit amach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.31 . gach līnmhaireacht aimsire however often, Fl. Earls 48.27 . Cf. gach réidhteach is fearr fhéadfadsa do dhéanamh leo dhéanad é, Maguires of F. 70 .

II

(a) Freq. after negatives, comparatives, and the conjunctions amail, mar in wider sense of all, any, any other : amal as n-esrantaid cech maith `is non-participant in any good', Ml. 31a12 . is duiliu lim cech rét m'anim, 55a4 . is suacbairi[u] indaas cech tír, 62b10 . fri tige cach n-aithech gl. nulla . . . discritio inter Templum tuum et priuata aedes..., 92d15 . as mou cech fortacht `greater than any help', 114b2 . is uaísliu cach ceítbuid córe gl. pax Christi, quae superat omnem sensum, Wb. 24b4 . ni torgaitha i cach caingin gl. ne quis . . . circumueniat in negotio fratrem suum , 25b5 . fisidhiu cech draoi `than any druid', Blathm. 7 . ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill trifling matters, Críth G. 35 . amail cach nduinorcnid `like any other homicide', Mon. Tall. 158.18 . mar cech n-ethait like any bird, LL 12717 . nī faictis cach conair notēigtis, ACL iii 224.35 . sir ní as tana ná gach tonn. IGT Decl. ex. 438 . can tsroin ac cach duine dib `not one of them has a nose', Maund. 175 . mar gach ainmidi `like any . . . beast', Stair Erc. 1909 .

(b) The form cech(a) cacha is freq. with follg. vb. (usually conj. or prot. form). The earliest sense is indef. whoever, whatever, whichever (see GOI 28 , 289 ). As accus. cosmail leiss cacha orr in cara fá æscara `whichever he may slay', Sg. 12b7 . cecha taibre, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20.15 . ní dígbad ní dia uball cacha tomled de whatever he ate of it (all he ate of it ? See below), LU 10021 . cacha imlodmar cose / de bruig B. however much, Metr. Dinds. iii 204.49 . As nom. cech thucai `whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v). ropo toil Dé cecham-theirb `whatever may vex(?) me', Murphy Lyrics 34.24 (cecham teirp, cach am teirb, gachum terb, MSS.); 'may whatever cuts me off/separates me be God's will' Celtica xxiii 36 n. 40 ; 'whatever hinders me be God's will' , Sages, Saints and Storytellers 316 § 24 . nír bo léir isin mballan cacha tuccad ind, Ériu v 116.43 . cech be dhe `whatever may come', Blathm. 108 § 3 . cach be da lin however numerous they be, Anecd. ii 31.20 . cach a raba di mét a thurse tired as he was, LU 9099 ( FB 85 ). cach a bé dim airddi, 9199 ( 92 ). Perh. also in cecip (indef.), see 1 cía B (e).

(c) Later in sense all that, that which (cf. 4 a). As accus. cecha ndernai do fertaib gl. a ndorigēnai, Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). cacha ndénainn `of all I might do', Liad. and Cuir. 24.18 . adfiadatar . . . cechidepirt ind ingen friss, RC xi 442.7 . cacha ro-cesair, PH 1697 . ní áirmhim a leth nō a thrīan / gach a fūaras, ZCP viii 220.8 . cacha finnub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5759 . 'ca cuimnechad do I. cach doronsad, TTebe 3895 . cacha bhfagbhaitis . . . a lamha, Lism. L. 1308 . gach nar ghabh all he captured, DDána 64.7 . gach ar léigis linn, 84.11 . gach a n-abrai-siu, ML² 478 . As nom. cecha marbt[h]ar dīobh 'sa ccath, ZCP viii 116.25 . gach a ccurthar ann, Párl. na mB. 1174 . cach a bfuil acat i tig, ACL iii 222.7 . gach ar mair `all that yet remained', Stair Erc. 2119 .

cenmothá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cenmothá or dil.ie/8621

 

Forms: cenmithá, cenm, cinmothā, genmothá, cenmothát, cenmibí, cenmobi, cenmorobai, cenmo, cenmothá, cenmothá, cenmotha, genmothá, -át, cenmóthát

Compd. of cen and -tá (see attá) used as prep. and conjunction. See GOI § 775 . In O. Ir. usually cenmithá ( cenmathá, Wb. 33a4 , Sg. 56b13 , 71b17 ; cenm, 201b18 ). cinmothā, Ériu i 124.10 . In later lang. also genmothá. With pl. ending cenmothát (cenmthat disyll., SR 399 ). Rarely with other forms of subst. vb.: cenmibí, Ériu vii 148 § 8 . cenmobi, YBL 140b1 . cenmorobai, Ériu vii 164.11 . cenmo bui, TFerbe 27 . The general rule for all periods of the language is that the form cenmothá etc. is folld. by accus. (sg. and pl.), exceptions being rare. Cf. cenmothá na .uii. claidseo, SM Facs. 18a8 (emended to cladu-so, Ériu xvii 72 § 14 ). cenmotha dias, RC xxiv 200.15 . genmothá somh besides him, AFM iv 864.1 . See GOI Translator's Notes no. 169 . The pl. form in -át is folld. by the nom. pl. (early exx. being Ériu xiii 18.13 , SR 399 , 3421 ) or stands by itself: cenmóthát besides them, AFM iii 126.9 . See also ZCP xxviii 125 - 6 .

As prep. (a) apart from, besides, in addition to: céin motha .i. leath amuigh no a bfhégmhuis, O'Cl. genmotha .i. anegmais, Lec. Gl. 11 . cenmitha innadeitched gl. praeter . . . detestationem, Ml. 103a7 . cenmithá aní-siu gl. quod est alium mandatum, Wb. 6a25 . cenmithá anisin `besides this', gl. si quid aliter sapitis, 24a18 . cenmithá innahí asrubart gl. praeterea, Sg. 21b10 . cenmathá inna hí asrubart gl. cetera quoque omnia, 56b13 . c.¤ in pennait gl. comdire cac deoradh de fri ri[g] ┐ espoc `apart from the "penance" [in addition]', BCrólige 4 gl.2 . leath ┐ octmhadh ig fir ín craind, ┐ leath genmotha octmadh ig fir na mbeach, Laws iv 184.5 . cenmothá fossu without counting servants (in list), TBC-I¹ 162 . cenmotha ind aes ṅdedenaig, Rawl. 69a15 . cenmothat doine do marbad in addition to killing people, AU ii 156.x . amaille re leabhroibh gabhála . . . oile gen mó táid sin, MS. Mat. 556.2 . cenmothát na secht ríg, ZCP viii 326.6 . chriathrastair na criocha . . . genmothat na dúine, Hugh Roe² 170.23 .

(b) After generalizations, negations, etc. except, but (often equivalent of acht): cenmitha inso gl. excepto hoc, Ml. 92a10 . cenmithá étrad gl. omne peccatum . . . extra corpus est: qui autem fornicatur, in corpus suum peccat, Wb. 9d7 . cenmithá .f. gl. caeteris . . . consonantibus, Sg. 24b3 . cenmithá in consoin gl. reliquam partem, 58b7 . olchenae cenmithá unus , 211a2 . cenmothát tríar, LU 4086 . geinmothá osgar amhrois, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 92 § 9 . ní maith sil Ḟergusa cenmotha oen except for one man, RC xxiv 194.13 . genmo 'táid Connachtaigh namá, ML 60.2 . ceinmotha isi, ACL iii 308.11 . a huiledeto genmotha inni rothormachtatar filid `the whole of it except what poets added', Auraic. 21 . Ard Macha do loscadh . . . cona durthigib uile cenmotha in teach screbtra nama, RC xvii 358.26 (Tig.). In the follg. acht would normally be required: ni raibhe Seaan cenmotha móirṡeiser was accompanied only by seven, AFM iv 882.18 . ní raibhe lá T. cén mo thá fiche long, ii 1056.22 .

As conj. confined to O. Ir. glosses, where it may be folld. either by principal clause or by a nasalizing rel. clause, see GOI 551 . cenmitha as n-áith `besides that it is sharp', Ml. 72b15 . cenmithá ara-necatar coitchena in or dano gl. praeterea communia . . . , Sg. 65a11 . cenmitha fodailter ind rann insce, 3b15 .

clíamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíamain or dil.ie/9478

 

Forms: clemna, clemna(i), cliamuin, cliamuinmarbtach

n i, m. (See Vendryes, Revue des Études Anciennes xxi 97 and O'Rahilly, Celtica i 376 ). g s. clemna. n pl. clemna(i). Later with dental infl. in pl. IGT Decl. § 34 . (male) relative-in-law: cliamuin gl. gener, Ir. Gl. 377 . geniram suum .i. a cliamain, BB 500b7 . a fine mathar . . . ┐ a cleamnaidh ┐ a compaircidh ┐ a charaid claochmodha, O'Curry 2500 ( Eg. 88, 40d ). do goistib ┐ do clemnaib, Laws iii 488.10 Comm. lepaid sin ro eisced do cliamain houseroom that was conceded to a relative-in-law, 460.19 Comm. Rochaid . . . far cliamain insin rofōi la far ninginsi, TBC-I¹ 3254 . cia mesam hi trebod? . . . fleda menci, clemna ile, immat meda scéo fína, Triads 223 . tuc . . . / mór do cech hulc o chlemnaib (of Samson) his wife's relatives, SR 5340 . dorat a chliamain . . . / comairli maith do Moise father-in-law, 4553 . mac Sauil . . . / ro soer . . . / a ch.¤, a chomalta (i.e. David) brother- in-law, 6100 . Conaire mac Moga Lama c.¤ Cuind son-in-law, LL 2828 . do digail a chlemna his father-in-law, TFerbe 300 . anmann na ndech ningen nogh / ro batar acc Partholon / is anmanna a dech cclemna, Leb. Gab.(i) 38.19 . Poimp . . . ic fulang tarcaisne . . . o cliamain .i. o Cesair father-in-law, CCath. 4448 . adhbhur a chlemhna `his intended son-in-law', Ériu v 188.452 . Cathal do tinol a ceithirn ┐ a charad ┐ a cleamnach (? leg. -ad), AU ii 562.16 . adrubairt Appaill . . . commad leoman . . . uad (= bad) cleamnada do `sons-in-law', TTebe 343 . do chomhnámhaid, do chleamhnaoi (metri gratia: imealnaoi) `thy marriage connections', TD 2.9 . bádar deich n-ingheana ┐ deich gcleamhnaidhe ag P., Keat. i 172.23 . do tionol a commbraithreach ┐ a cleamhnadh, AFM iv 672.2 . athair cleamhna father-in-law, Gen. xxxviii 13 .

Compd. cliamuinmarbtach gl. genericida, Ir. Gl. 322 .

See also banchlíamain s.v. 1 ben.

clith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clith or dil.ie/9511
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj (vn. of ceilid; cf. 2 cleth Sages, Saints and Storytellers 27 ) I

(a) Of cloth, concealing, protective: c.¤ .i. clúda, ut est rofes cid dech étach: c.¤ alainn étrum `close(?), beautiful, light', O'Dav. 554 . c.¤ n-ālaind n-étrom do étach thana thirmaide, MacCongl. 29.24 (`suit', but perh. noun omitted before c.¤ ) . Cf. c.¤ .i. dluith no fir, amail aderr biat iar tagraib clithaib `after close(?) pleadings', O'Dav. 340 . O'Cl.

(b) Of the monastic life, hidden, inviolate(?): cuma limsa ní don bith / acht rop cleircighi [leg. cléirchide, ed.] rop c.¤ / is cuma lim gidh bé dhe / acht rop c.¤ rop cleirchidhe, Ériu ii 229. 5-6 .

II As subst. hiding place, hence protection: á chlid gl. latibulum suum , Ml. 40c10 . ar crúan ṅgrinn, ar c.¤ comnart (of God), SR 5686 . is fót c.¤ tánacsa, LU 3903 ( SCC 41 ). doberat . . . a n-ingena d'uaislibh na Tartraidech mar cleith fora bhfích ┐ naimdinus, Marco P. 46 . co losccadh cathrach cen c.¤ | mic aird Calprainn unprotected, AFM ii 734.17 (an. 995). ? ticfa in find feíg . . . c.¤ na crich, BB 266b48 .

Other exx. are obscure: ? ata-midiur arm cheneul c.¤ `wegen des Erlöschens (lit. `des Sich-Verbergens') meines Geschlechts', ZCP xi 88 § 54 . 91 § 2 but cf. Ériu xxix 157 . Freq. in chevilles: acht claind Moathaire maa c.¤ who do not need protection(?), viii 308.8 . réim cen ch.¤ , Rawl. 84b27 . cétna breithem, bág cen c.¤, / ruc cen chinaid in cétbrith, Ériu iv 134 § 12 (cleith, v.l.). ní boí rind / . . . / for gáib garga cen ch.¤ cain / acht a mbith mar ithcrannaib, LL 927 (= chleith, Cóir Anm. 268 ). reraig buidne ba mó c.¤ / for Mac Tri Con for Lugthig, 14068 . c.¤ .i. tinol, [ut est] sochla triar araclith, O'Dav. 407 (leg. arachlich, Meyer, ZCP x 350 § 340 ).

Compds. With noun: huas clithe clithbuírg protective fortress, BB 37b8 . im chét mbrat cuṅgas clidetach `sheltering garment'(?), BDD² 268 . os clitheiscir uill sheltering ridge, 23 E 26, 27.1 4 . a cléthib clithnimi, LU 1169 . inmain cathir is chlithrúaim / cos tictis maithḟir mochrád, LL 28041 (of Cell Chorbbáin). With adj. fuath-nell . . . d'ár ceiled in cleithi . . . clith-fairsing, MR 240.5 (tr. `expansive welkin'). With adj. derived from noun. cuairt glórach, ni clithchoimmsech powerful to protect(?), SR 8259 (: bithtoirsech). ina cró chobsaid, chengailti, clithfhoscadach curad sheltering, MR 214.19 .

corp

Cite this: eDIL s.v. corp or dil.ie/12497
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: coirp, corp, coirp, corpu, c., curp, cuirp, c., corpanmain, aṅgbaid, corpcaire

n o, m. (Lat. corpus) In O. Ir. glosses g s. coirp ( cuirp, Thes. ii 253.21 , 254.1 ), d s. corp ( GOI 107 ) ( curp, Thes. ii 357.2 Lorica), n p. coirp ( cuirp, Thes. ii 326.11 Hy. iv ), a p. corpu ( curpu, Fél. Jan. 4 ). c.¤ m., d s. curp, g s. and n p. cuirp, IGT Decl. § 67 .

(a) the human body : c.¤ a corpore , Corm. Y 215 . inc.¤ gl. corpore, Gild. Lor. 259 . in c.¤ marbde, Wb. 3a14 . beoigidir in spirut in c.¤ , 13d7 . ar gnimaib in choirp, Ml. 31b24 . don ch.¤ marbdu, Wb. 3a14 . ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara cenn, Ml. 15c8 . co n-idbarat a corpu gl. corpora, Wb. 1b20 . hua legib c.¤ gl. á médicis, Ml. 107d5 . isnaib corpaib, 71a3 . issi briathar choirp dano intan roichther do Dia oc slechtan gl. membrorum motus sermo, 138a2 . echlach oides a c.¤ do cach, Laws v 272.4 . tennatt c.¤ fri crābud, BColm. 100.1 . fuil hi corpaib blood in the body, ACL iii 223.12 . in c.¤ mar in snechta, IT i 71.19 ( LMU 7 ). a c[h]uirp-seo!, ZCP vi 265 § 17 . gníomh cuirp cohabitation, Dánta Gr. 100.21 . Of birds: tennait a n-ette fria curpu, LU 2281 ( FA 33 ).

With ainim(m): la c.¤ et anim et la spirut, Wb. 4a27 . etarscarad coirp et anme, 15c15 . eter corpu et anmana, 21b15 . anim fri c.¤ , Ml. 130c9 . tonga[i]r fri c.¤ ┐ anmain, Críth G. 52 .

(b) corpse, dead body : c.¤ leghas gl. cadauer, Ir. Gl. 1071 . i sprouc ina fiadnaisi an c[h]uirp, BColm. 74.12 . rucad na fir ina corpaib . . . dia nadhlucadh, ALC i 386.1 .

(c) Of Eucharist, Communion: hóre déte do ch.¤ Crist indigne , Wb. 11d7 . caith fo thrī 'sa bliadain c.¤ , ZCP vi 272 § 15 . c.¤ Crist `used as a form of ordeal' (Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 241 ( H 3.18, 135 ). ní leis c.¤ d'fhagháil re n-éag, Dán Dé xxxi 20 . a dhuine chaitheas c.¤ Dé, xviii 1 . do caithedh c.¤ ┐ comna, Caithr. Thoirdh. 118.18 .

(d) In phr. with prepp.: tuidechtae doib innac.¤ ┐ imbethaid, Ml. 107c8 . assa corpaib fodéin `out of existence' (notes), MU² 276 . gora lasetar in n-abaind assa curp swept away the river, LL 10771 (TBC). do-chuala . . ./ a-rís a gcor i gcorpaibh that they were brought back to life, DDána 65.34 . i gcurp alive, Magauran 1622 . ag triall a curp (: lucht) departing this life, 1177 . nír chin i cc.¤ ina coimhre a chomhchalma, AFM v 1878.y .

(e) Of other bodies: dechur eter corpu nemdi et . . . corpu talmandi, Wb. 13c26 (1 Cor. xv). ciorcla na gc.¤ n-uachtarach ` heavenly bodies ', Bard. P. 36.13 . cuingill an uisgi maith . . . gan c.¤ cumusca dfaicsin ann foreign body , Rosa Angl. 66.19 . cuirp remra mar cruithnechta arna brised `fat particles', 78.1 .

(f) bulk, mass, main or central part, substance: c.¤ inna pecthe bíte forsin mertrich gl. qui autem fornicatur, in corpus suum peccat, Wb. 9d8 (cf. 5). c.¤ suin gl. quasi corpus aliquod, Sg. 3b10 . ini nach rachuidh a lobud do dul a corpuib fiach, Laws ii 76.18 Comm. `principal of debts', Plummer MS. notes. u. c.¤ fo churp a ndíbergi cenmo-thá foṡlúag the main body . . . not counting hangers on, BDD² 375 . i curp lai `in the middle of the day', Mon. Tall. 129.6 (§5) . c.¤ na sollumna the main part of the festival, O'Curry 740 ( H 3.18, 354a ). c.¤ . . . an craind ` trunk ', RC ix 20 § 18 . c.¤ cain comla[d], Anecd. i 61 § 93 `the lovely bulk of a lid', Murphy Lyrics 103 . c.¤ an chúain the high sea, IGT Decl. ex. 477 . a ccurp comhfhocuil inside a compound, Introd. 3.3 . a ccurp (: uchd) na cumhadh plunged in grief (?), Decl. ex. 1511 . c.¤ eagla `downright fear' (Gloss.), Desid. 3469 .

(g) Partic. of main part or text of stories, tracts, etc.: c.¤ ar n-aicde / . . . comlín caiptel (of structure of Fél.), Fél. Prol. 293 . c.¤ saltrach na rann .i. na tri coicait duan, SR p. 114 . is in c.¤ `in the text', Laws iv 250.16 Comm. deired cuirp as trian medonach senchasa so this is the end of the text etc., O'D. 763 ( H 3.17, 549 ). i curp na Tána (oppd. to among the remscéla), LL 32908 .

Compds. With nouns: corpanmain (a s.: aṅgbaid), LL 17403 (dvandva-compd., Wortk. 1 ). ōs chorplai Chuinn `über Conns eigenstes Gebiet' (-bla), Bruchst. 21 (colblai, corpblæ, v.l.) ( Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 72 , IT iii 17 § 44 . ). ? corpcaire, see fo-serba (corp caire). corpchless (one of Cú Chulainn's feats), LL 9370 (TBC). trērinde . . . tre chorpchnessaib (in battle), Alex. 11 . i corpchrí adglain 'in very pure bodily form' Celtica xx 187 (Immram Brain) . na ruib . . . mas . . . foglaid . . . , asi corpdilsi bodein ann, O'Curry 543 ( H 3.18, 267a ) (of forfeiture of trespassing animals). tuccad . . . a corpdition catha imme (of a hauberk), CCath. 5211 . curpéraic mo bráithrec[h] wergild, CF² 969 . Tesifóne . . . cuireas cach cair i corp-gnim gives effect to, MR 168.16 . cur cuireatar an abhand . . . asa corpionadh, TBC St. 3145 , cf. LL 10771 cited above. ? go ria a corplán, RC xxix 124 § 28 (cf. next). tré chorp-lár an chóbhluigh the very middle, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344.20 . corpláthair chloinne Ch. Clann C. in their entirety, Caithr. Thoirdh. 83.10 . féil fir nád char corplén `bodily ease', Fél. June 22 . bennacht for corplepaid cīch / hi frīth forcetlaidh na tūath, ACL iii 307 § 16 `a blessing on the bed for breasts that was the body in which was conceived the teacher', etc., Measgra Uí Chl. 149 . na craibi . . . corp-pianta ` self-denying ', MR 126.15 . an bhean nar chleacht [corp-tháidhe] who was not a wanton, A. Ó Dálaigh liii 8 .

With adjj.: clanna . . . corpredi ` fair-bodied ', MR 118.18 . an fer . . . corpremor, IT i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). a micc carpruaid Ch. strong in body (: marcṡluaig), IT iii 11 § 15 ( Bruchst. 38 ). gur bho . . . corp-shleamhain C. gona churadhaibh healed of their wounds, ML 90.8 . briathar corpshlim nír chan sin `no feeble word', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.3 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: cluithche corpaigentach a feat of bodily dexterity, Ériu v 166.43 . corrpainmheach of the blemished body, 37 .

See corpdíre, corpḟine.

fris-taít

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fris-taít or dil.ie/24394
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: frithtaíg, fristait, -frittaít, -frithtaigat, fristáes, frestai, fristaí, fris taissinn, fristulaid, fristudchaid, fristuidchid, fristuidchetar, fristargu, fris-tercha

v (fris-to-tēt) comes against, is at variance with, opposes : pres. 1 s. ní frithtaíg sa (gl. non contravenio) Acr. 9a1 . 3 s. fristait, Wb. 14a13 . -frittaít, 31a6 . pl. -frithtaigat, Ml. 17c5 (frithtasgat, Thes., corrected in footnote. See Thes. i 716 ). subj. pres. 1 s. fristáes, Ml. 140b6 . 3 s. frestai, 31d6 . fristaí, Hy vii 49 ( Thes. ii 357 ). past subj. 1 s. fris taissinn (-a- corr. of -e- MS, see s.v. fris-tét) Ml. 132a5 . pret. 3 s. fristulaid, Trip.² 1705 . perf. fristudchaid, Trip.² 2358 . fristuidchid , 854 . pl. fristuidchetar, Ml. 67b22 . fut. 3 s. fristargu (= -targa), Ériu i 219.20 . fris-tercha, B. in Scáil² 46 § 52 ​.

Usually intrans. with DO or FRI: fristait sochuide domsa (gl. adversarii) Wb. 14a13 . fri cech nert ... fristaí [fristí v.l.] dom churp ┐ domm anmain, Hy vii 49 . cliamain fristaiged fris (= generum suum insidiantem sibi) BB 500b8 . populos fristuidchetar fris na mMachabdu, Ml. 67b22 . cf. ind hi fristuidchetar contra Machabeos ib. 20 . fristercha [sic leg.] a chuaine feini friss (.i. a secht maicc) will revolt ZCP xii 235 § 52 . Trans. : cf. conná bí ni frestai á mes, Ml. 31d6 . do thuaith fristait Dauid, ZCP xiii 177.10 . ? Múr Tephi fristoirged dáil `who would affront an army' [?] Metr. Dinds. i 8 . cech airchindech fritai in lessa ... .i. bis indagaid in ordaigthisea, Ériu i 219 . Is repugnant (to) : is ann sin forcongradh A. for na mileda ... ara ngabtais a armu ... ol sodain fristudchaid doibsim inní sin ar batar scithaig = they were loth to do that (?) BB 494a43 . frisdudchaid .i. ro diult, ut est f.¤ do, O'Dav. 1021 . ACL iii 28.9 (= Trip.² 2358 ). fritumthá brón báis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.15 apparently referred in Gloss. to this vb., seems rather a compd. of the subst. vb.

Vn. frithtuidecht, q.v.

frithissi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frithissi or dil.ie/24509

 

Forms: (f)ridis(s)i, ris(s)i, rís, dorissi, dorithisi, frithisi, frithisi, ḟrithissi, dorís, aḟrithissi, arís, doridise

n later also (f)ridis(s)i, and with contraction ris(s)i, rís. a s. of fritheis < frith-éis ` return track ' (see Strachan, ACL i 230 ).

I In O.Ir. used with poss. pron. corresponding to the subject of a vb. of motion: 1 sg. co tīs ... mo f.¤ till I come back RC iii 346x ( Aisl. Óeng. p. 63 ). co ndechus mo risi TBC-I¹ 1304 (= mo rísi Eg.; dorissi LU). 2 sg. do téis dorissi thou shalt return LU 5772 (= dorisi, TBC-I¹ 1301 , dorithisi Eg.). toi ... do frithisi, LU 5667 . 3 s. m. tintaí a frithisi he returned LU 5664 . doluid in biail a rithissi ar chenn in[na] samthige, Tur. 131 . huand uair nunda bertatar co tanaic á f.¤ till it [lit. she, arca] returned Ml. 82d9 . 1 pl. ara tísam ar frithisi that we may return LU 4509 . 3 pl. a tabirt a f.¤ as in doiri their being brought back from the captivity Ml. 131c17 . Amhlaiph ┐ Imar do thuidecht a frithisi do Ath C. a Albain `A. and C. came again to Ath C. from Alba' AU 870 . conrictís a ffrissi, LU 5700 (= a frithsie Y, hi frithisi, Eg. with conf. of i n- and a n-. Cf. last cit. in II a, below).

adv II Middle Irish forms and uses.

Both do ḟrithissi (dorísi, dorís) & aḟrithissi (arísi, arís) early become petrified forms used indiscriminately without regard to number, person or gender. When f, or ff is written it is seldom certain, and in later MSS. unlikely that any specific personal form is intended by the scribe (any more than in modern times it is felt in `arís'). In consequence of the general confusion of unstressed final -e, -i the final when retained is often written -e ( doridise : glé, SR 1412 ). The original meaning of the phrase is lost sight of, and mere repetition is commonly expressed.

(a) in the reverse direction, back (to the same place), used with verbs of motion: no forcongrad furre co n[d]igsed ar cúlu doridisi cosin corp ... asar escomloi, LU 2251 ( FA 31 ). for a chulu ... ni thanic doridise, SR 2556 . toi forsna heochu ... dofrithisi turn the horses back LU 5667 . dothoet ina frithlurg afri[t]hisi i tir nU., Trip.² 412 (= convertit iter suum ad regiones U. Ardm. 5a ). dolotar ... dochum nErind doridis fora culaib, Lec. Facs. 276ra42 . tecait ... secht srotha ... dorís isin topur, Metr. Dinds. iii 288 . Similarly with other vbs. to denote a reverse process: in Rí dorósat a chrí | ro fuirim a frithisi, Metr. Dinds. iv 242 = hi f.¤ , BB 410a46 . Cf. doeth [impers.] chucai hi f.¤ TBC Eg. ( ZCP ix 148.4 = a f.¤ , TBC-I¹ 1126 , a fridisi, LU 5607 ; cf. 5700 cited at end of I).

(b) again, once more (of repetition) : dodilgfitis dō ... a chinta doridise, SR 1412 . robamar ni fecht co cátaid acut ┐ no bemmís dorisi dia mbad ail duit, LU 3917 ( SCC 43 ). nocon imbēra som for Ultu a cles sin dorísse, LU 5136 (doríisi Y doridisi Eg.). dosrimchell aridisi fa thrí in cruth sin, 6511 . samail in catha catharda ro gníead etir M. & S. do gnim doridisi, CCath. 912 . co ro hathcumdaiged Hierusalem ... doridise les, Lec. Facs. 25vb38 = co ro chumtaiged ... aridisi, Rawl. 74a10 .

(c) again i.e. subsequently, afterwards: conid uaithib sin rogeineastair tri saerclanda Erind doridisi (after they had been nearly exterminated), Lec. Facs. 186ra21 . doriṅgni in tres gním isin bliadain ar cind doris, TBC-LL¹ 1069 . dorinneth Papa ... don treas Bonefacius ... don cethrumad Bonefacius aris, ZCP xiii 184.18 . gach ní atchluinim ... fá bhfuighinn guais ... arís anything ... which might be dangerous to me afterwards Dán Dé ix 6 .

Passing into sense in addition: tri bliadnai xxx tri mís ┐ ix lathi dorís ... soegal Meic De, LB 146 marg. inf. Cf. is mór a lobra ... Mad a máthair ... is lobru sidi doridisi she is even feebler (than her daughter) Trip.² 269 .

With added implication of in return, in requital: romarb Aed Sláini Suibne, ro fhácaib sen mac .i. Conall ... conad é sin romarb Aed S. doridisi, SG 75.2 = YBL 171b44 . marbaid side a brathair ... ┐ romarb a mac side doridhise (i.e. his brother's son killed him) Lec. 36b40 .

interiacht, interiecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. interiacht, interiecht or dil.ie/28934

 

Forms: interiacht

n ā, f. (Lat. interiectio) an interjection, an exclamation: interiacht gl. interjectio, Ir. Gl. 874. is sainreth do interiecht guth formúigthe cotrummai thinfid gl. suum est interiectionis voce abscondita proferri, Sg. 9b18 . ataat alaaili interiecta and it coitchena do cach ceniul `there are some interjections ...,' 10a1 . ind interiecht nad rann insce la grecu, 26b6 . interiacht ebraide inso gl. euge euge, Ml. 55a14 . asraracht a interiecht ngallraigthi ocus cosaiti, Anecd. ii 48.15 . ach .i. interiecht galair, O'Mulc. 82. coniunctio, prepositio, interiectio ... lasin Laitneoir remshuidhiugud, comhfhocul ┐ interiacht ocon Gaedel, Auraic. 321. remsuidigud et interecht, 2669 .

léicid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léicid or dil.ie/29766
Last Revised: 2020

 

Forms: léagar, leice, leigeadh, leagair, leagar, lig, ligfamaid, liged, reilgi, léiciud, léicci, léce

v ī leaves , etc. Later also with stem léc-, leic-, lec-, lic-. See Vendryes, Études Celt. viii 300 - 4 , Greene, Celtica iv 45 .

Stem léic- (the regular form in Old and Mid. Ir.). Later exx.: -léige, Dán Dé xii 9 (: fhéige). -léigear, ii 28 (: éigean). -léigir, xix 8 (: éidir). -léigeadh, PBocht 11a. 5 (: éigean). léig, Aithd. D. 70.4 (bhréig). Dán Dé iv 16 (: thréig).

Stem léc-: -lécob, MU² 181 . lécfat-sa, 187 . -llécfaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.53 . -lécustair, IT i 121.15 ( TE 7 ). léagar, Aithd. D. 30.5 (: ḟéagadh). L. Cl. A. B. 79.101 (: dtégar).

Stem -leice (: -theipe), SR (Greene) 7869 . leic-: leigeadh, DDána 74.25 (: creideamh). -leicfe, PBocht 2.25 (: eitne). -leig, 7.7 (: creid). Aithd. D. 11.3 (: leig a s. of 1 lía).

Stem lec-: leagair, Dán Dé xxiii 6 (: heagail). leagar, Aithd. D. 36.23 ; 77.12 (: eagal). 36.11 (: eagar).

Stem lic-: lig, ZCP vi 32.15 . -lig, 274.15 . RC xix 368.8 . ligfamaid, Ériu xi 190.7 . -licter, xii 24 § 30 n.4 . liged, ZCP vi 50.5 . No rhyming exx.

With ro: sg. 3 reilgi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 31 . -reléic, LU 381 (ACC). -relic, 7750 . 1211 . -reilic, SR 4787 . -roiléig, PBocht 3.22 (: fhoighéig). -relicc, Hugh Roe² 14.28 (f. 4b) .

Vn. léiciud.

The principal meanings are (a) lets go, releases , (b) lets, allows, permits , (c) leaves (behind), allows to remain. These, together with a number of more specific meanings, are found independently (I), and also recur in a large variety of constructions in which prepositions and, to a lesser extent, prepositional phrases and adverbs either modify the meaning or define more closely the relation between the verb and its logical subject or object (II, III). Under II (as well as I) a number of constructions will be found in which the meaning is goes, betakes oneself, enters upon, begins, proceeds , with or without reflexive pronoun, and also a number in which it is throws, hurls (do-léici).

I

(a) lets go, releases : in lecfide in cimbid? would the captive be set free? Irish Texts i 11.7 . bidbu cach leices bidbudu, Laws i 12.20 . ro léic mo da láim / ro chraid mo da ṡúil has relaxed (deprived of power?), LL 18585 . de roléic . . . / Manannán . . . / Loch Ruide let loose, Metr. Dinds. iv 146.9 . Of unyoking or unleashing animals: co rucar da ech a corait ┐ leicar and and are turned loose in it, Laws iv 96.19 . scoirit a n-eochu ┐ lécit a mílchona, TBFr. 57 . ech Guill . . . / tan do léicthe ar sliab, SG 100.26 . Of emitting shouts, cries, etc.: nos-gonat gillai na n-ech . . . ┐ lecit gair impe, Ériu iii 141.196 . co ro leic guth for Adam, SR 1300 . immus naerfat anflathi .i. lécfit a n-aír, LL 188b51 . in t-en beag ro leg feid, IT iii 99 § 167 . lecat anmanda na pecdach nualla truaga toirsecha, i 192.21 ( FA 31 = ferait, LU 2242 ). leagaid iman ceann gair guil, Metr. Dinds. iii 364.111 . do léigset a ilach commaídhmi ann sin, ML² 1925 . léigid míle cnead is uch, Dánta Gr. 9.19 . Of tears, blood, etc. dia lēctis dēra fola, Bruchst. i 54 § 121 . nolēced dēra fola and dogrēs `used to shed', Ériu iii 116.15 . ar na deraib-sea legim-sea, Aen. 2921. ? lēicidh fuili draws blood, ACL iii 297 § 51 (`leaves bloody lesions', Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 107 ). leagar an cuisle `the vein must be let', O'Gr. Cat. 182.11. Note further: leagar [dá] sgoil féine an fíon `wine is poured forth for his poets', Aithd. D. 5.5 . din gai . . . roleici Lugaid `which L. cast', RC iii 179.30 . leicthi in Liath M. ┐ leth a chunga fo brágit co ndechaid i lLind Léith i Sliab Ḟuait precipitates itself, LL 14004 . lēiciss drong . . . d'athiarraidh in airgit sent, Fl. Earls 88.9 . can eiric eloid d'ic, cid elod legait `without paying `eric' for evasion, even though they evade', Laws v 184. y Comm . is elodh ro leicedh im na tri cet buaib `it was evasion that was effected', i 66.15 Comm . See also s.v. élúd.

(b) lets, allows, permits (freq. with follg. vn. clause): act nand léicci concupiscentia carnalis `only that c.c. does not allow it', Wb. 3d13 . cenid leci in metur tabairt ind anmae triuin frisan ainm n-adiacht `does not allow the substantive to be added to the adjective', Ml. 30a10 . nileic Duaid anisin, 58c6 . cenid relcset Iudei sin, Blathm. 509 . nis leceth a pater ┐ a mummi would not allow her (to go), Irish Texts i 4 § 12. raléicset na colomain allowed him (to come), Metr. Dinds. iv 50.98 . ní relic Cu Chulaind a mmarbad, LU 7750 ( BDD 131 ). ní léic Sadb aní-sein (sc. marbad Maic Con), Fianaig. 36.4 . na longa . . . na leg a loscad, Aen. 333 . nír leig a fhaisnéis `let not be told', PBocht 14.28 . dá leigeadh Dia Éire dh'uaim, Aithd. D. 22.11 . Elliptically: mac in lega leic liaig de let a physician be made of him(?), LL 18786 ( Ériu ix 49 § 30 ). With follg. clause: adeir A. nar leig Dia nach feadfaidh uile-chumhachta in Chruthuightheora athnuaidhechadh do thabhairt do chorpaibh caich, ITS xxix 184.30 . nar leigi Dia co tibradh, Smaointe B. Chr. 750.

(c) leaves, leaves behind, allows to remain : co léce gl. sinas, Ml. 103d16 . léic gl. sine, Sg. 222b4 . léicid iudicium deo `leave ye i. D. ', Wb. 6b29 . cid dia léicid cundubairt for drecht uáib de resurrectione? why are some of you (still) in doubt? Wb. 13b12 . a theglach . . . / as-bert nád léicfed dílechtu `would not leave his household as orphans', Blathm. 880 . ni léicc a chorp hi timmi `he left not his body in warmth', Thes. ii 315.7 ( Hy. ii 32 ). lécciss coilcthi, lécciss cotludh gave up (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 198 § 17 . romlēicsea oc forairi sund, TBC-I¹ 598 . ingen cen lúad ní leicéb `I will not leave unsung', Metr. Dinds. iii 60.73 . mar leagar mé gan maitheas, IGT Verbs ex. 348 . beag feasta léagar 'nar láimh, L. Cl. A. B. 79.101 . na leig sinn for mhéla, Duan. F. ii 180 § 11 . is díleas Dia go nach léigfeadh sibh i mbuaidhreadh tar bhar n-acfuinn (qui non patietur vos tentari . . .), TSh. 9569.

In similar but more specific meanings.

(d) abandons, forsakes : cair rom leicis-se? gl. quare mé dereliquisti? Ml. 44b10 . Cf. Blathm. 289 . ro leicthea cen fortacht du thabairt doib, Ml. 90c9 . nim reilce i n-athis n-oenḟir may he not leave me in disgrace, Trip.² 1633 . m'óenurán dam ar étib / sech nís n-etaim nis léicim, LU 6217 . miscais fir dia leccar serc hatred of a man crossed in love(?), ZCP xiii 270.20 . nímreilge an Rí díanam gilla, v 497 § 12 . ná leig m'anmuin ar iocht m'ḟillse `leave not my soul at the mercy of my guile', Aithd. D. 73.14 .

(e) l.¤ a oenur lets alone, refrains from interfering with or taking part in: leic a oenur in fognam, RC xxiv 192.17 . léic, ol eat, he a oenur, co n-accamar in ticfa Ely dia thesorcuin, PH 3356 . leic [a] aenur in mignim triallai abstain from, TTebe 2129 . leic oenur na Grecu, 551 .

(f) abandons, forsakes, puts away (a wife): leccis Ailill Aulomm a bein, Anecd. iii 27.11 . bean doberar freithach ┐ leicter ar bein `who is . . . repudiated for another', Laws v 292.22 . o Faind . . . ros léci Manandan, LU 3339 ( SCC 13 ). lecfitir cech ben orut, IT i 120.28 ( TE 5 ). má ligion fear a bhean `puts away', Jeremiah iii 1.

(g) leaves over, defers, postpones : lēcidh duin ind ord annsin, RC xxvii 276 ( Moling 30 ) (duin ethical dative). an té nach dérna an aithrighi . . . achd do léig go ponge an bháis í, Mac Aingil 1532 .

Miscellaneous: [do bhronnadh] sí [an] leig lóghmhair / go leig Órlaidh í ar áirghibh O. used to give away jewels so that she left her (sc. her mother) depending on herds of cattle only(?), Aithd. D. 11.3 . ? is mó léigmid ne . . . tuille cabartha dáil ná d'ár naimdib `we stand in need of succour more than does our foe', Caithr. Thoirdh. 144.31 (seems equivalent to ro-icc les). l.¤ scís, scíth see s.vv. scís, scíth. See calléic.

II

(a) With A lets away from, releases from : nicon reilgi a hīath aidhben / cūan nō caibden dia horgoin, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 31 . leigid Niall...Fiachra a gemil annsin, RC xxiv 182.18 . Of blood: rolecestar sruth . . . fala . . . asna crechtaib sin, TTebe 638 . do leig mé fuil as cuisleannaibh, 23 K 42, 121.10 . With 3 s. n. as quasi-adverb: lēcair-sium ass ┐ fonascar fair can tudecht forsin slōg he is allowed to depart, TBC-I¹ 1476. ionnus nach leigfiodh duine iná ōinmhide as dībh gan tuitim lana shlóite, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 25. 18 . ar mhodh nār léigeadar as dona trí mīle did not allow them to escape, 38.1 . Of a fire: connudh nach leigeann í as `the firewood keeping it alight', Magauran 4019 . In phr. léic as give up, desist : ale leic ass, a Ḟerguis, . . . na bris dúin cairptiu ar túath, TBC-LL¹ 764 . leig as, ar M., Ériu xi 191.16 . leig as a dhaltain, ZCP x 281.8 . leiccem ass imrum ar curaigh let us leave off rowing, Snedg. u. Mac R 9 § 7.

(b) With AR (in some cases for earlier FOR): ru léiced Hériu ar raind Amairgin was consigned to, MU² 2 . lēc aire, a chaillech, lēc aire continue, carry on, Fing. R. 880 . lécsit lúth co ṅáni / ar bithaittrib rígi they exchanged power . . . for eternal life . . . , Fél. Oct. 8. ? alleith naill . . . / roleici an (leg. ar?) chaillecha, AU i 208.11 . ar cairde ná leig do lón do not postpone, PBocht 7.7 . cid nam-leig-sea ort, a eich?, TTebe 3494 . . . . go dtiocfa . . . / Goill dá léigthear oruinn iad if they be loosed against us(?), Aithd. D. 24.5 . legis ar lar an bradan laid down the salmon, Ériu xi 199.35 . in baile i llécfaid ar lár / dond airiuch where ye shall unload the packhorse, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.53 . léig ar lár do ṡoitheach, Gen. xxiv 14 . mar bhláth na ccraobh léigthior lé fearthuinn ar lár, Párl. na mB. 1645 . Of kneeling: lēigis Eōin ē ar a glūinibh John sank to his knees, ZCP viii 562 § 13 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī, xiii 182.30 . co lecfedh se (sc. an nēll) ar ferthain moír ass sin co hespart e would begin to rain heavily, BCC 270.37 (§ 266) . do leigsiad iad féin ar trosgadh ┐ ar urnuighthe, Eochairsg. 80.36 .

(c) With CEN: ní liged sin gan díghailt I shall not allow that to go unpunished, ZCP vi 50.5 . leigim mo dheachmhadh gan díol, Aithd. D. 69.8 . do leigfedh lucht eissíodha / craobh chnuais gan bhéin would leave untouched, L. Cl. A. B. 106.138 .

(d) With co allows to go to etc.: in legi mu dhalta cugam, a clerigh?, Ériu xi 201.28 . ni relccitt anonn chuca acht uathadh daoine, Hugh Roe² 8.29 (fo. 2b) . ni leceb-sa miciunus cucaib `I shall leave you in no turmoil', BCC 424.29 (§ 375) . do léig sí a buidhedhlaoi go féar anuas, Hackett ix 5 . In spiritual sense: do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat). tré loighead na ngrás léigios Dia chuca bestows on them, Mac Aingil 769 . In sense of do-léici: ro lēcus-[s]a gaī n-aill cucut-su I hurled, Sc.M² 13 . léicidh co Cet dara bruinde dó (a dead warrior's head), 16 R . lēicit daoine rompa gusin Róimh send . . . to R., Fl. Earls 168.4 . Note further: a n-aghaidh na muintire leigios a bhfiacha go purgodóir defer, Mac Aingil 7087 . lēigmīd-ne a lenmuin na fer / co himlib oirrt[h]ir Laigen we set off, ML² 2075. With personal form referring to subject of vb. feigns: ro lécustair sláetan trommgalair chuci he feigned illness, IT i 121.15 ( TE 7 ). do leicc si galar chuice, BNnÉ 118 § 34 . do leig teinneas mar badh eadh chuige ┐ diarr bainne, ITS xvi 118.3 .

(e) With DI. With personal forms referring to subject of vb. and obj. in accus. (lit. x releases y from him) desists from, abstains from, leaves off, etc.: leigmít dhín labhairt ar na hoibrighthibh selaithe, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.3 . crét fár fágbais t'foraire / . . . / fár léigis díot do choimét, SG 260.11 . léigidh dhíbh bhur ndoghuilsi, L. Cl. A. B. 152.50 . anti do leig rigacht Erind de, BCC 2.11 (§ 1) . don druing léigeas díobh gan udhacht an mhairbh do choimhlíonadh who omit to fulfil, TSh. 5204. In more literal sense: ni leigfid maithi na treb Tiabanda misi dib `will not let me away at all', TTebe 844 . Also with prep. governing predicate or complement: aon do laithibh dar leig soin / do shíoladh creidimh a ccathraigh, Irish Texts i 40 § 27 . dar bhfaire ní leagar leis `he ceases not to watch over us', Aithd. D. 75.4 . léig dod chomhrádh stop your talk, Dánta Gr. 39.5 . léigfead do bhaosraidh na hóige, Hackett xxvi 4 . In literal sense of unleashing a dog: lēicthir de, TBC-I¹ 513 . ro léicsed da conaib, RC xiii 46 § 30. Note also: suil ligther d'arm lámh Logha before the hand of Lugh is loosed from (his) weapon(?), L. Cl. A. B. 97.103 . na leic mesi don croich-sin `let me not (be taken) from the cross', PH 2471.

(f) With DO leaves to or for, hands over to, entrusts to: léicfidir dúib in brithemnact sin, Wb. 6b30 . is samlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis dint sens `we shall leave to them the exposition of the sense', Ml. 14d10 . flaithem nime . . . / nád lēic suum prophetam / ulli leonum ori, Thes. ii 303.5 ( Hy. i 32 ). do ḟuaid Eua a leth, nir bu glan, / roleic in leth n-aill d'Adam, SR 1288 . atbertsat . . . co leicfitis dó in curadmir, LU 9023 ( FB 77 ). nach lecedh ach[t]run bidh ┐ mugsaini da rechtairib, Laws v 74.17 Comm . not guidim . . . coro léci dam oen uair i n-ernaigthe, PH 1408 . leagar dháibh rogha ┐ roinn the division and the choice is left to them(?), Magauran 1082 . do léigeadh dhó . . . an cóigeadh the Fifth was assigned to him, Content. xxx 7 . lēigidh dam-sa ē, ar Goll leave him to me, ML² 1509.

Allows, permits (to do, have, etc.): ní relic dia doib orcuin nDuaid, Ml. 23b4 . leig dam tiachtain fon cundrad `let me impugn the contract', Laws v 508.16 Comm . is me . . . nar léc dó th'enech do milliud, IT i 128.2 ( TE 13 ). co lēiciur siliud dom ṡūilib, ACL iii 243 § 31 . mane léice-su dam-sa indlat duit, PH 5254 . léigeadh sileadh do dhéaraibh an doilgheasa, TSh. 201 . da-oṅg-sa mo bréthir . . . na lécob d'Ultaib cen taidecht lim innocht I shall insist that the U. come with me, MU² 181 . legar aighideacht duin isin port i tangumar `let hospitality be granted us', Aen. 335 . na leic foirb na fearandus do inti `do not allow him to have heritage or landed property therein', TTebe 634 . lēicidh cairde trī lā . . . dam-sa, ACL iii 309.8 . lecid fuirech bicc dam `allow respite brief to me', MacCarthy 58.13 . níor leig sé fos na comhnuidhe dhó go maidin, Ériu v 100.26 . léic cotlud d'ḟeraib hErend, TBC-LL¹ 1755. Appar. in slightly difft. sense in: leig-se dhúinne ad thegasg let us alone with thy teaching, Ériu i 18.42 . léc dun . . . coro díglum h'ancride-siu leave us alone (permit us?), PH 2218 . leic dam co ro marbar anti rom-gonaid `let me slay', TTebe 3797 . léig dhó anois `suffer it to be so now', Matthew iii 15 . lēic don churp bīs ina lāim defer to (of the respect due to a cleric), ACL iii 222 § 4.

Allows (to go) to: ced ara reilcis in fer . . . do éccaib?, Trip.² 162 . in lucht bui co serb domenmnach . . . lecar co foelid somenmnach dia tigib iat, PH 408 . ní mó ro leiccsiot fér nó arbhar dia saighidh anonn (i.e. to a surrounded army), AFM vi 2030.17 .

Miscellaneous: nachatlēic dam la neim lāidhe luinde lūaithe do not come to me(?), ACL iii 295 § 27 . ro léic seirc dó . . . / ard-ben a athar `cast her love (on)', Metr. Dinds. iv 62.71 . tinolsit . . . lucht na cathrach uli ┐ lécset cathugud don béist gave battle to, PH 7228 . do lig si galair ... brēgi da hinnsuigi feigned, ZCP vi 274.14 . rolig a coin(n) dó set his dog upon it, 78.21 . leic tú fein ar tús do chum cos nglormhar daenachta Chriosd throw thyself at the feet of, ITS xxix 215.16 . nar léicce Muire duinne . . . go mbiadh gadaighecht ar ar siubhal may Mary protect us from theft, BNnÉ 55 § 59 .

(g) With ETER: luid Mac Dathó immach ┐ in cú inna láim, co rrailced etorro dús cīa díb do-ngegad the dog . . . was set free between them to see which it would choose, Sc.M² 19. Usually leaves (someth. to be settled) between (without outside interference): leic-siu etruind féin innar n-Ultaib, co fessara cia úain bas chalmiu, TFerbe 217 . léic eadram ┐ Fianna Eirenn leave F. E. to me, Acall. 3565 . lig edrum-sa ┐ in cath sel ele leave the battle to me, ZCP vi 68.13 . leig idir mhac's a mháthair `let the Son and His mother settle it between them', Aithd. D. 68.37 . ná leig eadrainn ┐ inn `do not leave me to my own devices(?)', Dán Dé xxii 17 .

(h) With FO: dobertis da boc leu . . . ┐ no leicthe indala n-ái fon díthrub was set free in the wilderness, Tur. 110c . gipne findruine for a etan nád leced a folt fúa agid kept his hair back from his face, IT i 311.2 . Hands over to, looses among, sends against , etc.: naoi ttuatha re ccertughadh / leigis ri Muman futha handed over to them, LL 396.12 . lecidh in ri na griba futhaibh (i.e. on bird-flocks), Marco P. 91. aithinne dubh in gach deghláim / léicis Mlaise a anáil . . . / fúithib breathed on them, SG 27.33 . do ligeadh frais pilēr fon mboile was fired at, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 25.3 . a lucht do marb in ngéig ngil / is do léig fá a narm a fuil stained their weapons with his blood, O'Gr. Cat. 361.13 . do léigidar sirtha lethna . . . fana críchaibh, Comp. CC 80.7 . do lecthí . . . fa cuiced C. . . . faghla, Irish Texts ii 28 § 21. Of kneeling: roleicc Sir Boós a gluine faí knelt down, D IV 2, 78 ra2 . léigcitt a ngluine fútha, Maund. 77 . l.¤ fo lár sets aside, abandons, neglects , etc.: ro léig fo lár a ḟoghuil ┐ a dībeirg, Fianaig. 76.8 . fa lár do leigeadh a chíos His tribute has been neglected, Dán Dé xxiii 5 . is follus gur léig fa lár / oircheas do ḟéadfadh do rádh `left unsaid', Content. xiv 7 . gur leigeadar fa lár an churum bhudh cóir dhoibh do dhenamh, Carswell 5.12 . Note also: do lēig fā chathaib Cuinn hē d'iarraidh C[h]uinn he made for C.'s battalions, ML² 367. do leigset futha da nár ┐ da noirrlech, L. Chl. S. 13.

(i) With FOR. Hurls at: ro lēcis gaī form-sa co rrabae asmo scíath, Sc.M² 11 . légid Cu Chulaind in ngae fair, LU 5766 ( TBC-I¹ 1295 ). With reflexive pron. feib ras léic seig far mintu as a hawk attacks small birds, LL 12300 . nod lēice tra īar sin for gabāil a hēcnarca began to, KMMisc. 210 § 4. With ellipse of pron.: sets to, sets about: lécfat-sa fair I shall set about it, MU² 187 . dorraíga in cú Ulto ┐ ro-lēci for ár Connacht set about, Sc.M² 19. lecait na Felistina for teiched, LB 129b7. 1 . x for (ar) y lays x to the charge of y, lets y answer for x: léic foraindi ┐ for ar maccu i n-ar ṅdiaid a fuil, PH 2947 . olc tra an iarmairt ro lécsit Iúdaide forru fen, 3286 . cia na lēici fort aicned | condaāera though you do not accuse yourself of satirizing them(?). ACL iii 295 § 19 . In phr. léicid guth/gairm for calls out to: coro léic guth for Ādam 'and she gave a cry to Adam', SR (Adam and Eve) 42.1300​ . go relic gairm ... for mac Sairb 'she called out ... to the son of Sarvia', SR (Greene) 6965 . raleig gairm ard ... ara síair, TTebe 4317 .

With pers. form ref. to subj. of vb. feigns: leicid-sium galur forro, arna tisdais leis pretended they were ill, RC xv 321 ( Dinds. 22 ). reléicset Gréic teiched forru pretended flight, LL 244b11 ( TTr. 2062 ). ro leic eslainte ┐ anḟaindi furri, BB 237a21 . Note also: leiccmitne fen forn . . . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin we admit, CCath. 4071.

(j) With FRI. With reflex. pron. gives oneself over to: erig a gérait Ulad / . . . nit leci re rochotlud, LU 3595 ( SCC 30 ). ros-lecset fri bron ┐ dubha `yielded themselves to grief and gloom', CCath. 1070 . ro leicset re hol ┐ re haibnius iad, TTebe 1885 . Note further: a ri sen / nacham-reilce-sa rem thail do not abandon me to my will, Lib. Hymn. i 17.60 . l.¤ taeb fri entrusts to, puts trust in: ná léigear taobh re Dia dhún let me not be left to God's judgment, Dán Dé ii 28 . lēigim taobh riot mh'uile dhōchas, Parrth. Anma 3993 . Reveals to: ro lig Fer lí comairli in ḟill re hĒmer, Fianaig. 70.13 . an licfidhter fri C. an comrād so?, ZCP xiii 169.25 . nis relic fri haon uaidibh inro baoi ina menmain, Hugh Roe² 292.25 (fo. 73a) . l.¤ fri lár lays down, lets fall, lowers : ro leceastair a chorp . . . co haimneartach . . . re lar, TTebe 325 . . . . mac Néil co mmathius / nar léic a ḟlathius re lár did not allow to diminish, LL 17310 . ro leigsedar a ferga re (ar, v.l.) lar they laid their wrath aside, TTebe 2177 . gur léig soin re criaidh a chneas `till he fell prostrate to earth', Aithd. D. 3.24 . Of kneeling: léicidh bar nglúine re lár, SG 23.3 . lecit uile a ngluine ┐ a cinn fria huir prostrate themselves, Marco P. 85 . do leig ris in coroin ┐ taisi na naem he knelt to the crown, RC xix 376.8 .

(k) With I. Allows to enter : ni licter fair i tech druith na dasachtaig `there are not admitted into the house to him fools nor lunatics', BCrólige 30 gl. 4 . nís relic isin les cuci, LU 1211. ní rolēigcitt indti co mattain `they were not let in till morning', BColm. 78.2 . ro oslaicset in dorus . . . ┐ roléicset [a cocéliu] chuca isin cathraig, TTr.² 1839 . ní léigthí an rí féin i gcath, Keat. ii 5575. Of sin, temptation: nīm-reilce i cair cenna, ZCP vi 260 § 12 . nir lecea sind i n-amus ndofulachtai (et ne nos inducas in tentationem), PH 7826.

Various: a Sbiorad Dé . . . corp Moire rod léig n-a lár / mar théid tré chlár ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . ? do léig 'n-ar n-ucht a aithne `he has turned his knowledge against me' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 42 ), DDána 104.8 . rí nar lean don chreideamh chóir / ní leigeadh seadh i seanmóir paid no attention to(?), 74.25 . leagar mhisi ┐ Donn Cuan a comhairli `let . . . have a conference', Caithr. CC 43 . cumha i gceann chumhadh eile / cumhan leam go leigfeidhe `I remember that any new sorrow would be piled on already existing sorrow', Aithd. D. 23.16 . With refl. pron. goes into, precipitates oneself into: do leigeadur na Sasanaigh [i] raon madhma iad tar a n-ais, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 7.13 . lēigit amach . . . sa ffairgi iad, Fl. Earls 8.13 . With ellipse of pron.: imthusa na nGall . . . ro leiccset hi ccend tséda . . . go rangattar dia ttighibh, AFM vi 2134.4 . do leiccet i ndeadhaidh uí Dhomhnaill set out in pursuit of O'D., 2206.21 .

l.¤ x i n-agaid y lets x stand as compensation for y, sets x off against y: daradad eraic a athar do G. . . . ┐ ro lecthea in dias aile a n-agaid enigh C. (the deaths of) the other two were set off against (the offence to) C.s' honour, RC xxiv 278.1 . ní liom nach aidhleasg éirghe / i n-ionam na hIairmhéirghe / léig uam i n-a aghaidh sin / gach adhaigh uar dar éirigh, Dán Dé iv 15 . ar fhalaigh dar méid meanma / léig i n-aghaidh m'oileamhna (i.e. set off against my fostering by him the discouragement his death has caused me), Aithd. D. 6.23 . l.¤ i n-aiscid lets go to waste : ná léig fuil Chríosd i n-aisgidh 'do not let Christ's blood go to waste', Ériu lxiii 58 § 38 . Similarly: ar thréig d'fhíon ar an uisge / léig a ndíol an dearmaid-se set against this forgetting (on my part) all the wine he gave up for water, Dán Dé iv 16 . l.¤ i faill neglects, abandons, overlooks : ro leic caillecha ha faill, AU i 208.14 (A.D. 747). dia mbat an[a]mchara neich . . . / nīsreilce hi foill, ACL iii 318 § 65 . ná léigidh sgiathlúireach na deaghuídhe a bhfaillíth, Párl. na mB. 792 . Similarly, l.¤ faill (faíllige) i: faill 'na einech ní lēigenn, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 32 . go leigfid cách faillighe ina ccreideamh . . . , BNnÉ 14 l. 2 of notes . See 1 faill, faillige. léicid x i lleth y commits x to y, charges y with x: lecsiu . . . ildeth nde mess for a menmainsom `leave it to God to judge the mind of such', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . an Coimdhe i n-ar leith do leig / a oighre do bheith i mbroid `the Lord charges us with His Son's captivity', Dán Dé xxiii 9 . luach a chneadh d'íoc nach eagal / ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh, DDána 48.8 .

(l) With IMM: mus lēc fer dīb aigen lāin grīscha moa sūili threw into his eyes, Fing. R. 988 . ro leig a ucht ┐ a urbruindi 'ma claidim . . . co fuair bas, TTebe 4032 . ro leig [Iochasta] co comthrom 'man claidim sin hí, 4577 . cid troscud do legdis ima fiachuibh cuir ┐ cunnurrtha, Laws ii 94.6 Comm . do fhreagra um lár dá léiginn `if I left your answer unchallenged', Content. ix 22.

(m) With LA. Lets go with: srēithi in n-id . . . isin n-abaind, ┐ lēicthe la sruth let it go with the stream, TBC-I¹ 631 . leicis in colaind lasin sruth, TBC-LL¹ 1311 . Camsón ro léic luing cen lúaig / lé dar tuind sáili, Metr. Dinds. i 10.55 . lécfet-sa bendacht let I shall send a blessing with thee, BCC 234.22 . nocha leigfe lais achd lucht a leanamhna, Aithd. D. 55.9 .

In fig. senses concedes to, allows to have, grants to, etc.: leic leis a somaine `permit him to have his wealth', Laws v 498.21 Comm . móide an ní do léigeadh leis, Aithd. D. 31.5 . gach breath dá n-iarr lé go leigthir `she gets all she asks', PBocht 4.2 . ré triall a staid na beatha so nach léigeann leis acht an eisléine grants him only a shroud, TSh. 9950 . nach leicfimisni Ceallachan leo gan cath do thabhairt doibh `we would not let C. be taken away by them', Caithr. CC 63. With srían etc.: níor loc mé mian mo theangadh; / a srian lé do léigeamar gave it free rein, DDána 88.6 . ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . do ghreim-se gé leagar liom `though thy hand is loose upon me', Dán Dé xxiii 18 . Hence (somet. without specific object) forgives, indulges, remits : [an] mhéad leagair leam gach laoi, Dán Dé xxiii 6 . ní hé nach léigthior leam it is not that (sin) that is not forgiven me, iii 16 . léig a bhéalchorcra bharrghlain / anuabhar let ollamhnaibh, DDána 84.15 . a Athair, leic so leo, oir ni fheadadar cread do nid siad, ITS xxix 169.6 . ni fada do leicc Dia . . . sin re Sean `not long did God let that go unpunished with John', ALC ii 454.8 . Reveals to: anti le leigi é (viz. rún), Ériu v 128.32 . do léig le Fachtna . . . an bharamhuil sin, ITS v 6.16 . Cf. an uair leigmíd ár mbrollach ┐ ár ccíocha leis, Párl. na mB. 561 .

(n) With ó. Always with pers. forms ref. to subj. of vb. lets go, releases, gives up, abandons. Often with more positive sense of dismisses, puts away, sends, throws . Of persons: leicsi huad `he let him go', Ml. 52 . ralleic huaid cen frithorcuin do gl. dimissit eum, 53b6 . lecid uaib mo muinntir cen nech díb do ergabail, PH 3109 . co lēigedh sē a allmaraigh uadha so that he might dismiss, ML² 972 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi, TTebe 1024 . Of things allows to be taken away, relinquishes, abandons : ni léicfemni uaind hé (sc. in curadmír), LU 8554 ( FB 41 ). mana leicid an rigidh uadhaib `if they do not surrender the sovreignty', Laws v 302.16 Comm . asberatsomh . . . nachas relcctís [in fíon] uadaibh for tír, Hugh Roe² 8.11 (fo. 2b) . adubhairt in ní tárraid ní leicfedh uadha, TTebe 831 . nír leig Niall uaidh an t-acra `never did N. forgo any acre of this land', Aithd. D. 21.4 . cidh dia leci uait coir na gaethi? why miss a fair wind? Aen. 879 . gur léig a chluasa uaidh i lámhaibh an duine (of a bear seized by the ears), TSh. 7427. Of actions, etc. desists, leaves off: nach léic úad a olc bunaid (of the body), ACL iii 216 § 7 . léigidh sin uaibh quit that, Fier. 121 . in duine léicess uad arsaidecht a thol collaide, PH 4619. rolecset uadib fógnum ┐ miltnidecht do demun, RC ii 386.17 . Note also: lēic uait, or is anfis dō let be, for he does not know, Ériu viii 157.8 . In positive sense: léic úait inna biada mílsi `cast from thee,' Wb. 6c7 . leic uait do spiorat fein send forth, ITS xxix 162.14 . leig uait do ben phosta ┐ len misi put away thy wife, Smaointe B. Chr. 1593 . do léig se úadha Fionnsgoth ┐ do phós se Mairgréd put away, Rel. Celt. ii 174.1 . ra léic [in corthe] úad ra talmain flung down, MU² 649 . tugad a láimh Eóin in t-ór ┐ do lig uadha he fon aigen, Lib. Flav. i 33 va32 . na leic aen bhreithir uait gan coimhlínadh, ITS xxix 197.29 .

(o) With SECH (usually quasi-adverbial 3 s. n. sechae) allows to pass . Of missiles: tolléci gecán díb fair, leicthe Loegaire secha evades it, LU 9065 (FB). léicis secha leth (a stone), Comp. CC 121.18 . nís relccsetar seacha sein let them go no further, AFM ii 746.7 . nichat-léicfider sech láim thou shalt not be laid aside (a sword), RC xx 12 § 21. In more abstr. meanings: ní léigfe an bás . . . an leanbb seacha ná an seanóir will spare neither . . . , Dán Dé v 8 . ar leigeadh go so seacha / do ríoghaibh gan inchreachadh, Content. xvi 196 . focal seachad san slighidh / féchthar libh nár léig tusa see that thou dost not forget, L. Cl. A. B. 65.11 . léic sechad sin never mind that, Comp. CC 81.17 .

(p) With TAR: long Naoi ó gach linn do lionn / . . . / níor léig braon tuile tairsibh let no drop reach them, DDána 107.21 . Usually with personal form ref. to subj. of vb.: lēig thort do thoirse give up, O'Gr. Cat. 404.10 . ro léigedar sin thársa go maidin `they let the matter stand over', RC xxix 220.9 . leagar thort do thoil `deny thy evil desires', PBocht 5.43 . far léig mé toram dod thoil / a Dhé what I omitted to perform, Dán Dé ix 8 . nír léicc se ní thairis d'aithentaibh Dé neglected nothing, BNnÉ 123 § 70 . leig thort nō sméid ar gach cam do-chír disregard, Hackett i 5 .

Refrains from (citing, etc.) : ligfamaid torainn an laidh ann so we shall not quote the lay here, Ériu xi 190.7 . ni leigim thoram an bhegansa do cur sios `I do not omit', Rel. Celt. ii 188.16 . leigim sin toram (of a catalogue of sins), Mac Aingil 2345 .

(q) With TRE: do leig 'na raon ró-reatha tríd na slóightibh é `he launched himself', ITS i 64.21 . Strains, makes percolate : brister ┐ berbtar ar im . . . ┐ lecar trí édach `strain through a cloth', O'Gr. Cat. 184.32 . curtur bainne almont trit, ┐ leagar tri edach é, Rosa Angl. 96.7 .

III With advv. and prep. phrases: in lece orumsa in cimmid út amach? (dimitte mihi vinctum), Lat. Lives 80.11 . lec Barabás dún amach release, PH 2813 . do leig amach rí Eirionn, Duan. F. ii 358 § 82 . innus nach leagur do a anal do legin amach, Smaointe B. Chr. 3928 . nu-s-léic soigit i ndiaid in toirb shot an arrow after the bull, PH 7184. nocht leaga[i]r gach nech a-nund (sc. to the next world), ACL iii 236 § 5 . a litir léigim anonn, Studies 1918, 454 § 18 . léig Giolla na náomh anunn, IGT Introd. 30.34 . nach in lecar siar tiagam sair let us not go westwards, AU 914 (i 430.6) . leigid airgne síar is soir / fo sliabh Colláin, Duan. F. ii 22.11 . ro lecset ingcorum sis they anchored, IT i 39.12 . léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `the portcullis of the castle is raised', Aithd. D. 3.19 .

1 lón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lón or dil.ie/30628

 

Forms: loon, loan, lán, lón

n o Earlier disyll. loon, loan, GOI p. 72. Occasionally lán, PBocht 12.14 . lón m., IGT Decl. § 96 (p. 130.8) . Usually with dental infl. in pl.

(a) fat: amal bid ho hailiu lon gl. quasi quodam adipe, Ml. 80a2 . a loan gl. adipem suum , 39c33 . loón, Sg. 70a7 . loon, 125a1 (both gl. adeps).

(b) provision(s), food, victuals, sustenance; feast: ni tucsam loun linn isin mbithsa `provision' gl. `nihil . . . intulimus', Wb. 29b14 . sentu fom-dera croan; / toirsi oca cía do-gnéo, / sona do-tét a loan `it approaches its food joyfully', PRIA 55 C (1953) p. 88 . ro hellamaigit a llonti leo-som . . . ┐ ra glinnigit a llonga `stores', LL 172a41 ( CRR 8 ). ni rucad . . . do loon for muir acht teora bargin, LL 283a16 . nir' bo saidbir loin lucht a longphuirt-siumh rich in food, CCath. 4915 . l.¤ a ṡlúaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 42.33 . nī dlegait lōn leo for sét, ZCP viii 116 § 12. Cf. is he in corpsa sétlón saidbir na n-iresach, LB 251b 28 (of the Blessed Eucharist). vii moga . . . cona lóintib ┐ cona n-armaib, YBL 84a7 . bec lóin, LB 119a12 . ni rabi acht dered lointi accu i.e. their provisions were almost exhausted, Cog. 132.8 . ar deireadh lóin fhear nUladh `at the end of the (battle-)banquet of the Ulaid', 15.19 . naoi bhfichid giolla capoll fana lóntuibh féin (i.e. they had to provision themselves), Hy Fiach. 455.27 . ní tós lóin as líonmhuire the beginning of a feast(?), Aithd. D. 67.15 (`the choice part of a feast'). slighe id dhiaidh ag lucht an lóin `thy commissariat following thee', 5.16 . ná glacuid . . . cíos ná lóinte bliadhnamhla annual subsidies, RSClára p. 100.20 . i tteirce lóin, AFM vi 1986.5 . ní raibhi l.¤ aca acht an bhochtacht naomhtha, Beatha S. F. 1400 . comaoineach do ghlacadh mar l.¤ chum na beatha síorruidhe `viaticum', Donlevy 252.23 . ná hiarr seasguireacht bheatha mar l.¤ dod chorp, Párl. na mB. 1879 .

Attrib. g s. tiag loin gl. pera, Thes. i 2.3 . xl. miac d'arbur cuit loin gach fir dib, BB 14a52 . a ccapoill lóin sumpter horses, TFrag. 206.2 . in ro faccbhadh . . . do chliabhaibh lóin, AFM vi 1986.17 .

Folld. by attrib. gen.: lon bec aráin, Études Celt. i 84.30 . lán arbha, DDána 89.22 (: chlár). lon bid, Laws iv 122.2 Comm . lónte cruthnechta, LL 234a18 ( TTr. 1264 ). l.¤ slighedh viaticum, marching rations, CCath. 1526 . l.¤ fairgi, IGT Verbs ex. 81 . l.¤ sluaghaidh `viaticum', PBocht 22.27 . l.¤ éirghi amach `rations of a rising out' (i.e. provisions for a hosting), Caithr. Thoirdh. 151.11 . l.¤ oir ┐ indmais `provision of gold', PH 408.

(c) do-gní l.¤ (do) makes provision (for): dlighe, a dhuine, déanamh lóin; / . . . smuain ar t'eachtra, DDána 20.1 . dá dúthchas gan déanamh lóin without making provision for her own household, 103.7 . dá fhleidh ní l.¤ do-ghéana, 48.11 . do-rinne l.¤ clú dā chrodh `he fed his stock to his fame', O'R. Poems 303.

(d) Fig. support, sustenance, provision (especially in a spiritual context): gearr bhus l.¤ loise an domhain, Dán Dé xxii 9 . Rī na n-uile . . . / is l.¤ do dhuine an daidhbhris, DDána 22.6 . a l.¤ [gnáth] dod ghaol (addressing the Blessed Virgin), DDána 19.3 . fiort an athar do b'é a l.¤ `God's power was their support', PBocht 26.21 . mar l.¤ shíordhaidhe réd chothughadh féin, TSh. 6942 . déagh-oibre bhéas leat mar ualaighe lōin, Keat. Poems 395.

Compds. ¤choire cauldron: lónchore mór . . . dublind úathmar and, BDD² 1234 . lónchore co ndabaig `ein Speisekessel', ZCP xii 273.1 ( LL 14608 ). Cf. conid de asberair lonchoire .i. don crāes-lon bói i mbrága Cathail, MacCongl. 103.5 (see 2 lon). ¤ḟeis(s) food, feasting : corup lónfheiss cōict[h]igis dam, 29.25 . ¤tech dining hall(?); storehouse(?): a tossach a ḟlaithis / a luintigh bid aīde, / dlegar de laīdh lānghlan / ┐ marbnath caīnti, ZCP xii 295.30 .

1 noch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 noch or dil.ie/33216
Last Revised: 2013

 

co-ordinating conj., folld. by absol. form of vb., confined to O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. periods. Some of the nuances below may not be justified, Celtica v 86 .

(a) in the Glosses (Wb. and Sg., somet. in Ml.) used to introduce an admitted fact which is in contrast with or opposition to something preceding, but, however, and yet ; oft. strengthened by a particle like ém, immurgu: dodcad do chách leo-som noch is doib-som a dodced sidi they deem (their wrong-doing) a misfortune to all and yet the misfortune of it is their own (recoils on themselves), Wb. 2b3 . is follus isindí nachim-rindarpai-se noch ǽm am ísrahélde, 5a18 (gl. numquid repulit Deus populum suum? absit; nam et ego Israhelita sum). cid dia n-epir-som aní-siu? noch ni rabatar ind ḟir so riam fo recht fetarlicce, 19d11 (gl. quomodo convertemini iterum ad infirma? a question addressed to the Galatians, implying that they had been formerly under the Law, though they really had never been). Cf. 19c6 . amal no bed noch ní fail as though it were; but it is not, Sg. 32a1 . noch ní cóir son acht corop . . . issed as chóir, 40b7 . amal bid tar ǽsi n-uilc huaim-se [sic leg.] friu-som noch immurgu ní robae huaim-se a n-olc n-isin, Ml. 74a2 (gl. quasi non inferrent mala sed redderent). Cf. 38b2 . oent[ṡ]ēt coel tairiss, noch ba si a chonair, RC xi 446.58 ( Toch. Emire § 65 ) = ┐ ba si, ZCP iii 249. co ticceth ind ian beoss, noch ba trait donicceth, ba coirm aní no bith isin lothur by the time the pitcher returned [from distributing ale], though it returned quickly, what was in the trough was brewed, Irish Texts i 7 § 23 . adgladadar B. i[n] noidin . . . noch ni ragab labrad in tan sin though at that time it had not begun to speak, 14.28 . dotet indala epscop do guidi dond rígh. `Noch ní tiber do neuch' ar ind rí but I will grant [that boon] to none, 11.1 .

(b) in Ml. used generally with follg. cop. to introduce a synonym or explanation, that is to say ( = Lat. id est): noch is conaccertus-sa ón (gl. psalterium . . . emendaveram), 2a1 . noch is ind foircthi són (gl. studiosi), 16b4 . noch is asindet-som buith doib i ndoiri that is, he declares them to be in captivity (explaining the vb. Lat. inducit), 108b6 . lase no silaigid noch is asn-indid[id] a adamrae when ye sow, that is, when ye declare his wonder, 115b11 (gl. adserendo, analysed as compd. of Lat. serere `to sow'). Cf. also 19a14 , 23a20 , 35b6 , and the similar use of sech is.

In Laws (text) often seems to stand for an intensified and Stud. in E. Ir. Law 54 , Celtica v 86 : tobert a chin forsin fer batair bech, noch is i breth inso bretha la Ultu `and this is the judgement', Laws iv 178.15 . ro suidiged . . . la log a tomalta . . . noch is ed log tomalta ro suidiged dō, set beisid fiu `now the price of waste which has been fixed for it is a "sed" of the same value', v 388 y . Cf. 376.3 , 412.2 . atait secht mna la Feine fris nā comalat fir noch ite ailde a m berda with whom men do not co-nurse, but it is they who rear their own offspring, 202.2 . ind noc[h] is rind, 12 y Comm. (the word `ind' = point is explained by the more familiar `rind'). ma scarid ┐ bid imtocad leo, noch bid commaithi a folaid if [the married couple] separate and they have property and if their property is equally good, ii 388.13 .

Folld. by conjunct form of vb.: cuic seoit . . . ro midir Morand; noch fil tri seota cacha tratha ro follaigther but there are three `seds' for every day that is neglected, i 102.7 .

saindíles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saindíles or dil.ie/36011

 

adj (1 sain+1 díles) special, peculiar, one's own : donaib atrabaib saindilsib `to the peculiar dwellings', Ml. 47b14 . amal attreba nech á orbe saindiles, 51d28 . nomen s.¤ cach oenfholaid, Sg. 28a16 . aiccend saindiles inna remsuidigthe, 215b7 . s.¤ gl. quod suum est, 219a2 . ba sodaing do Dhia taithesc do cech duil diib inna berlu shaindilius in its own language, Ériu ii 142 § 156 . acc dlúithiomáin a shelbha saindísle budeisin, AFM vi 2198.13 . As subst. one's own property or possession: dia saindilius fadeisin, Laws ii 378.2 . do neoch dia mbi saindileas, 404.19 . See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 40 , 71 , 73 , 118 , 228 .

séla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. séla or dil.ie/37022

 

Forms: selaib, séuluigheadh

n m.(Early Eng. sele) d pl. selaib, ZCP vi 280.x . Also with dental ending: g pl. séuluigheadh, Rev. v 2 .

(a) in abstr. sense, a sign, mark, brand, indication, confirmation ; in concr. sense, a seal, a signet : da-ordaig Dia in t-ainm-si do chur mar sh.¤ er a fhírinde, PH 7630 . do bregnaid se s.¤ Dé, 7627 (of one who swears a false oath). díon gach laoi d'aicme Éabha, | séala ar gcairte ar ndlaoi dhíona, Aithd. D. 88.9 . tré thaom Éabha rob iomdha | séala ar thaobh an Tighearna, Dán Dé xx 34 . buail séala ar mh'annsa, DDána 90.23 (`seal my love', Ir. Monthly 1920, 54 ). Gall, a Eoghain, it aghaidh | má thug séala a Sagsanaibh `if a Gall produce a sealed charter from the Saxons', Aithd. D. 30.31 . léim fa ghaoibh géara dod ghuin | séala dhaoibh ar do dhúthaigh, 30.33 . ruc ar claidhem . . . ┐ mar do rainic cuge adubairt re F. `Acso sela do bháis' `behold the seal of thy death', Fier. 59 . bean as lugha do lean Éabha | bean chura séala ar síodh, PBocht 9.8 . do maith tú an aithne d'Éabha | séala an mhaithmhe crú an chíogha, 21.17 . imda sela ar dhul Donnchaid | grian gan tes tuar gan turad, O'Gr. Cat. 381.19 . ranacc-sa innti arson tsela on tsabhdáin acam, Maund. 77 . ag tabhairt ts.¤ ar ndrochbheatha dhúinn leis na heasslaintibhsin (advertising us of our evil life), Carswell 157.16 . leabhar . . . do daingnigheadh ré seacht séula, Rev. v 1 . cuiriss a letrecha ┐ a aithne co n-a shēla mōr go priōir Loreto, Fl. Earls 142.17 . cuir mise mar shéala ar do chroidhe (ut signaculum), TSh. 2199 . Cailbhin air ar cuiredh seula dhiarann derg, Luc. Fid. 60.2 . do shéula, do bhráisléid ┐ do bhata, Gen. xxxviii 18 . Of coinage, a stamp: s.¤ nua do bhu[a]ladh air, Mac Aingil 305.4 .

Of a scar: rucc bél na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre ┐ do bi slan, ITS xvi 42.14 = vulnus labium suum cepit colligere, et accepta cute, cicatrix apparuit, V. SS. Hib. ii 47.28 .

fa shéla(ib) sealed, ratified, assured : a clú ósin fa shéla, BNnÉ 213 § 79 . a theas ghráidh ['s a shíodh] fa shéala | do dháil do shíol Éabha uaidh, DDána 31.17 . litreacha fo selaib, ZCP vi 280.x . críoch Bhanbha id sheilbh fa shéula, L. Cl. A. B. 89.49 . atá sí fo shéala ó shin | an bhreath-soin bheóil an impir, TD 15.38 .

(b) a trace : atáid sonna bhar séala, Ériu i 16.3 (to a ruined dwelling). na s.¤ atciu ar leirg Laithrigh, Prolegomena 28 n. 1 . a chuairt laoi go Baile Í Bhruin | a shéala ann do fhágaibh, Aithd. D. 21.26 .