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tánaise , tánaiste

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tánaise , tánaiste or dil.ie/40018
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: t., tánuise, tánoisde, tanisi

adj io, iā (cf. imthánad, see GOI § 398 , Études Celt. xxii 199 ). t.¤ : dálaibse, SR 5132 . The form without -t- is the earlier (cf. Ir. Gl. p. 58 n. ). tánuise, tánoisde m., IGT Decl. § 2 (39.20) . Frequ. as substantive.

I

(a) As ordinal numeral second (following its noun) : a rrath tanise, Wb. 14c19 . isin técht tánisi, 14d3 . tanisi gl. secunda, Ml. 23c18 . in tanisiv ` secondly ,' Sg. 213a6 . 'sind eisseirgi thanaisi, SR 8237 . ind fhuithairbe tanaise , LU 8254 ( FB 20 ). in liaigh tánuiste the next physician, ZCP viii 105.16 . A. tánaisse A. the second, x 270.11 . isin sillaib tánaisi, Sg. 21b9 . o anmmanaib diil tanisi, 50b17 . do briathraib cobednae tánise to verbs of the second conjugation, 59a10 . persan tanaise , 198b11 . hí persin tánáisi, 215a9 . persa tanaise uathaid second person singular, Auraic. 2674 . di chobedin tanaise `of the second conjugation,' Hib. Min. 443 . cath tanaiste Graíne, RC xvii 122.8 . san ló thánuisde, DDána 29.6 . hi tanaísi `a second time,' CS 342.20 .

(b) In comparisons between persons another, a second : int Ercoil ... tanaisi another Hercules, Cog. 186.33 . an t-Alaxandar ... tanaiste, 204.5 .

(c) the third finger (see exx.) : mér tanaissi a loetanán the finger next his little finger, Trip. 128.20 . an dara féarsa do'n mér medhoin ┐ an [trímadh] féarsa do'n tánaisti, O'Gr. Cat. 292.29.

II

(a) second, next in excellence, number, etc. : in bindius t.¤ i ndegaid ṅguttae `the euphony next after vowels,' Sg. 5a2 . sleg fhota co mbrōen fola ... ┐ gāi a thānaisi co crū bidbud, TBC-I¹ 3202 . buden aile ... tanaise da séitche, TBC-LL¹ 5204 . ropad tánaissi Romae ... mo chathair-si second only to Rome, Trip. 146.25 . int ugdur tanaise as airega, Laws i 22.8 Comm. tanaiste ar usacht next in easiness, 23 K 42, 10.20 .

(b) second only to, almost, practically (subst. with foll. gen. or prep.): tánaisi d'éc éccomnart, LU 3611 ( SCC 30 ). cid tanaisde bais dus-béra do I will do everything but kill him, TBC-LL¹ 2221 . ba tanasti do cumaid Derdrindi a cuma fair his grief for her was almost as great as his grief for D., RC xxiv 280.5 . tanaise do dígail lathi brátha, RC xii 426 § 12 . tanaisti no (sic MS.) bruiti ifirn, RC xvii 342.2 . tainisi nesuim toiscidi `next to a necessary of life,' Laws i 278.4 Comm.

III second in rank or dignity, heir-apparent, tanist : bid tanaise dam-sa he i-m flaithius, PH 1174 . airchinnech, a thānaise, ZCP v 499 § 3 . tanaiste abadh Cluana maic Nois, RC xviii 23.9 . tanuisi mbo aire, Laws iv 350.21 . tānaise comarba Brigde, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 73 . d'a n-ollamnaib ata sin, ┐ nocon fuil ni d'a tanaisib, Laws v 106.z Comm. tanassi rig ced ara neper ? Ar indí frisaicci tuath huili do rigiu cen cosnum fris, iv 328.11 . tanaisi suad litri, v 102.2 . tanaisi tigerna fa huaisle, AFM iii 552.3 . tanaisi an tíre, iv 952.9 . tanisti Connacht, Ann. Conn. 1316.5 . a rí ... | do bí ar tír na thánaisi, IGT Decl. ex. 105 . Of poetic ranks: tanuise sertuind 'the next in rank to the serthonn ' UR 22.48 . serthonn .i. anrudh, ut est tanisi serthonn, O'Dav. § 1425 . sruth do aill asé tánaisi n-anrudha, Ériu xiii 42.15 . Cf. aon bhuachaill legha dia fhíor thanusibh `of his own faithful people,' AFM vi 1956.x .

IV In Laws some kind of (remoter ?) liability, the opposite being 1 íartach : cia dligh iardach ┐ tainisti do liu fair (text) ... ni dligid iardach .i. eneclann ; ┐ tainisi .i. in smacht ... mad a naimsir caua (sic leg. ?) ; mas a nurradus, ... is he in tiartach in aithgin, ┐ is he in tanaiste, an eneclann ..., no dono, masa eisindraic ... is he in tiartach in aithgin, ┐ is he in tanaiste aní dosli fair itir smacht ┐ dire ┐ eneclann (Comm.), Eg. 88 fo. 40 (41)e ( O'Curry 2495 - 6 ).