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Your search returned 113 result(s).

accmaingech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accmaingech or dil.ie/158

adj o, ā (accmaing)

(a) powerful: an ríghfhlaith ághmhar acfuinneach, O'R. Poems 2642 . urmhór a labharthar lat / do bheith acfuinneach uasat `who are said by you to be superior to you', Content. x 26 . do bhí sé acmhaingeach athlamh i n-íorghail (of a chieftain), Hackett xxxix 151 .

(b) wealthy, rich (in): acfuinneach sufficient, Eg. Gl. 50 . is saidbir acfuindech rí in tíri sin, Maund. 159 . acmainneach . . . fa crannaib rich in trees, Ir. Astr. Tr. 138.21 . gu mbí saidhbhir acfuingeach lán don uile mhaith, Desid. 3379 . an duine acfuinneach, TSh. 5349 . tigheas flaithemhail acmhuingeach áirmheach, Hackett xl 126 . acmaingech tuarasdail ┐ tindlaicti, Ann. Conn. 1225.6 . Adv. gach uair dferfad ann co hacmainnech `every time it should rain heavily', Ir. Astr. Tr. 50.6 .

2 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áige or dil.ie/917

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e) io, m. Perh. same word as 1 á. post, prop, pillar: braga .i. bir-āga. āige ainm bir, Corm. Y 161 . aighe .i. sail no gabhal, O'Cl. dún . . . dorus umaide fair ┐ ágai umaidi and, LU 1793 . bertais . . . inna hágu umaidi, 1799 . cach aga cach airenach (of the Tech Midchuarda), LL 3704 . Extended uses. Of a person: cach óen nad beir genelach cosna cethrib agaib arddaib seo .i. co Niall la Hu Nēill, co hEochaid Mugmedoin etc., Rawl. 140b28 . imme, maith in taighe, / suides flaith cech tiri (of the king of Tara), Ériu v 232.16 . ba háge immairic cach fer dib seo pillar of battle, LU 1602 ( IT ii2 214.52 ). ?dal armairc gan all n-āighi / as tairgsin āirmhe ar nionaibh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 33 . inmain áighe sútt `beloved chief', BColm. 36.16 . Frequ. in Fél. of saints: Pól apstol, ard áge, Fél. Prol. 119 (.i. calma, Fél.2, where Stokes suggests reading colma. Hence aighe .i. calma, O'Dav. 69 , O'Cl. citing Fél.). Benedict balc áge (: Árne), March 21 (.i. tuir, ib.). Pátraic prímdae áge, Nov. 2. comdíre do rig ┐ epscop ┐ agu rechta litre ┐ suid filed an authority in literary matters, ZCP xvi 175 § 4 . age rechta dilgetha .i. int og-ae aca mbi dirgidetu dilgeda, in fer leiginn .i. sai chanoine, Ériu xii 12.2 . a.¤ fine head of the family: cor focerdcar (leg. -tar) seach aga fine ada cora do beith oga, Laws iv 60.12 . co tuca cach a cond .i. a aige fine, i 80.29 Comm. leth coibche cach ingine dia haighe fine, iii 314.9 Comm. a.¤ réire judge: aighe rere .i. brethem, O'Dav. 19 . aighe réire ag breith fírbhreath (glossed aighe .i. sail no gabhal; réire .i. aosda .i. sail sheanoirde re breitheamhnas), Hard. ii 294.8 . Of a high place: fil dam aichne áige . . . benn B., Metr. Dinds. iv 70.1 . rodharcbla . . . isi cric domídigear rosc ┐ adsuighaidter criche frisin, ma rofeisear in da aighe derba bidé iman raind sin `this is the district estimated by the eye, boundaries are defined by these if the two certain heads which are to this division be known' (i.e. the eye fixes the boundary if two points of it remain i.e. by running a straight line between these points), Laws iv 144.5 Comm. is ed tainic a n-aige ┐ a n-ardde ant srotha co rochuired uadha na cairci commora, TTebe 3623 (Ed. takes as 1 aige). aighe .i. cnoc, O'Cl.

ainces

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainces or dil.ie/1190
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ainces, aingcess, ainces, Aṅgciss, aingcessa, ainchesa, aincesa, angcessa, aincis, aṅceiss, ingcis, aingcis, aiṅgciss, ainciss, aṅceiss, aingcisi, angcisi, aṅgcissi, ainchios, ainches, ánchesa, anchesuib, nAṅgciss

n Form and inflection variable. (i) n s. ainces, Ériu v 94.24 . aingcess, LU 8215 . a s. ainces, Trip.² 172 . g s. Aṅgciss (n.pr.) (: riss), LL 3281 , (: geiss, 3353 ). n p. aingcessa, LU 10831 = ainchesa, Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE2.) (see below). a p. aincesa, Laws v 352.20 . angcessa, Ériu i 218 § 3 . (ii) n s. aincis, LU 6144 ( TBC-I¹ 1657 ). aṅceiss, RC xiii 446 § 27 . ingcis, Ériu iv 54 § 25 . an aingcis , TSh. 3303 . a s. aiṅgciss, TBC-I¹ 263 ( aingcess, LU 4754 ). ainciss, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.30 . aṅceiss, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . g s. aingcisi, BNnÉ 128.27 . angcisi, 126.33 . n p. aṅgcissi, LL 3366 . (iii) ainches (perh. separate word, cf. ceis f. = ceist, Contribb. p. xxvi s.v. cesach) a s. ainchios, A IV 1, 98.10 . d s. ainches, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). n p. ánchesa, 178 § 6 (ib.). d p. anchesuib, Laws ii 66.15 .

(a) pain, ailment, complaint: ní no ícad a ances (: les), LU 4292 . a nol meda dí dobreth / nī bo ances cech thucai `'twas no hurt whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v) .i. ni bu domain, 348.26 . cethri . . . cen tedmann cen aṅceiss (aṅces foraib, v.l.), ZCP xi 83 § 28 . forithin gach angcisi etar dáoinibh ┐ cethraibh, BNnÉ 126.33 . ós siabhradh meallta meise / gan súil éirghe ón aincis-se, Dánta Gr. 47.58 . tréde neimthigedar liaig: dígallræ, díainme, comchissi cen ainchiss (ainces, v.l.) `a painless examination', Triads 119 (? or under (c) infra, certain diagnosis). Frequ. in association with galar: ro ícc cech ngalar ┐ cech n-a.¤ , Trip.² 172 . is ed fotera galar ┐ angcessa forsna clanna, Ériu i 218 § 3 . gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.20 . Note also: [fer] . . . don fainicc galar nainches, an unknown disease(?), RC iii 344.20 ( n-ainchis, Aisl. Óeng. 47 § 4 ); ?leg. galar ┐ ainces (but cf. (c) infra). saíba ┐ mortlada, ┐ gallra, ancessa for tuatha, ZCP xi 89 § 18 . Cf. galar .i. gnáthach ┐ aincis .i. ingnathach, O'Dav. 1049 . a sore: gerr ┐ loisg an aingcis 'cut and burn the sore' Celtica ii 34 § 8 .

(b) difficulty, trouble, vexation, annoyance: bid aingcess la Ultu in dal so do gleód it will be impossible, LU 8215 ( FB 16 ). ba aincis mór lei an ro bíth leis día slógaib she was greatly disturbed, 6144 (TBC). ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic he was perplexed about the matter, 8774 ( FB 58 ). is torcda . . . no taí frim mor decrai ┐ mór aingcessa do thabairt form, 10831 = mórdhecrai ┐ mórainchesa `to lay such hardship and infliction upon me', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE2.). iarsain imsaitis for deis / cen sil n-úabair na haincceiss, SR 1126 . noco tucad cucci ríam aṅceiss bud doilgiu leo `a more grievous annoyance', RC xiii 446 § 27 . cach aincis tar a racha a furtacht . . . dó, Acall. 6778 . agh ┐ accais ┐ aingces, LL 404b24 . ní ruirmiu . . . a tainic de ancessaib Eireann, AFM ii 600.17 . aingcis .i. mallachd, O'Cl. Fig. Of persons etc.: o 'tcuala . . . in n-ainceis sin (i.e. Antaeus) icc indredh na hAffraicci, CCath. 2920 . na hamaiti ┐ na haincisi atá ac milliud in tiri , Acall. 6767 . Of weather: bile Tortan trom a ḟúaim / fri hainciss síne rorúaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.30 . ro ferastur tromsneachta mor ┐ aincis ḟuardachta ar in cóiced, Acall. 3508 .

(c) doubt, difficulty, perplexity (frequ. ainches in this meaning): cid dogenaidh . . . don ainches doforfainicc `what will you do because of the doubt that has come upon you?' Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2.). do ceist ┐ do ances for Senchān in scēl sin S. was perplexed and uncertain about that story (the Táin), ACL iii 4.18 . fer dana . . . do ná bi ces na a.¤ i gcetheoruibh rannuibh fis filidhechta, Ériu xiii 18.10 ; cf. O'Dav. 409 : ces .i. gnáthach, a.¤ .i. ingnáthach [ut est] dí na bí ces na a.¤ i cetheoraib randaib fesa na filidechta (so in etymol. gloss on éces: .i. dona bi ces na ha.¤ do fhastodh fair, Laws iv 358.1 Comm. ēces .i. ēcmachtces .i. ēcmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 ). innis sgéala gan aincheas / nách beam i n-ainbhfeas umad, TD 38.1 . In phrases: atá i n-a.¤ x is in doubt about x: gibé rabh . . . / i n-aincheas bhar n-urfhoghaill `in doubt of thy speech' (i.e. of its meaning), Studies 1921, 74 § 7 . an chúis do cuireadh 'n-a leith . . . do bhí i n-aincheas a hinnill, DDána 63.14 . atá x ina a.¤ for y y does not know about x: sin do bheith 'na aincheas ort that you should not know that, Desid. 259 . ní feas ní 'n-a aincheas orra / d'ailcheas rolla ríghleabhar, DDána 122.16 . bíodh nach raibh orra aincheas `though they were not ignorant', Content. xv 39 . na seinleabhair do léughadh (ni nach bfuil 'na aincheas ar eolchaibh), RC iv 355.12 . fios ionaid an eiseirge / do bí orra 'na ainffios (aincheas, ainchios v.ll.), BNnÉ 198 § 30 .

(d) Legal difficult case or decision: cidh i fis, cid i nanfis, cidh i na.¤ [ro loisced], O'Curry 1168 ( H 3.18, 464a ). Here the `ainces' refers to an act which is not justified but is almost a necessary consequence or condition of one which is justified i.e., a man entitled to slay another has to burn his house to effect it but this he was not entitled to do, Plummer MS notes. lan-fiach . . . a fis, leth fiach i n-anfis ┐ cethraime a n-ances, Laws v 162.2 Comm. cach ninndligidh athgabala acht nimid ime (leg. mini dime) dethbere do ainfis no aincheas, ii 48.12 .i. nocha caoemnucuir gan na neche sin do dénum co inndligthuch, 50.3 Comm. leath fiach cach ainfis . . . ceathruma cach a.¤ , 52.26 . muna fuilet seoit acu [is] ances athgabhala do riagail riu, i 108.10 Comm. nocha racha in athgabail i llobadh dia rabat na deithbir(s)e so air .i. anfis, no ances, no econnus, no etged, 102.22 Comm. di anchesuibh athgabala, ii 66.15 . ma forae neach cinuid [i] nainceas no etghe, iii 66.15 . in t-aidni frisnindli breth .i. noco n-uil acht glanadh ┐ cinnedh luig (= luic, O'Curry 323 from H 3.18, 178a ) ┐ aincesa atarru ┐ in t-ollam, v 100.23 Comm. is tré erchóiliud foillsighter aincesa in betha it is though legal prouncements that the difficulties of the world are made clear, O'Dav. 812 . breth im ancesa tuath, O'D. 1573 (H. 5.15, 5b). lia do fír . . . [f]ri aiṅcessa (ancesa, anchesa v.ll.) mara .i. frisinni is anfis do neoch, forna-fagabthar breth acht fir ṅDe in cases of great perplexity, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 (see p. 64). ainceas a nendac echtrand itir manchu cille, O'Curry 986 ( H 3.18, 424a ). ? is hé . . . ba rí for Mume intan dobreth arances mbrethe alLeith Cuind co Mumain, Fianaig. 30.24 . a.¤ quasi anceps .i. aincid a fis ort, Corm. Y 89 . anches . . . .i. cuntabairt, O'Mulc. 45 .

As n.pr. Ibar macc nAṅgciss , LL 3281 .

ainetargnaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainetargnaid or dil.ie/1305
Last Revised: 2019

adj i (etargnaid) Also anetargnad (1 etargnad). unrecognised, unknown, strange: anetarcnad gl. ignotorum, Ml. 111b9 . donaib anetarcnaidib gl. ad . . . ignotos, 31a17 . forcetal n-anetarcnaid, Trip.² 330 . triar úathmar anetargnaid trecheann, BDD² 903 . i núr anetargnoid in foreign earth, Fen. 310.6 . hi tiri anetargnaide, ZCP iii 459 n.19 = a tír n-ainiūil (text). co:n-accae in mnaí i n-étuch anetargnad (anetargnaid, v.l.), Echtra Chonnlai 121 § 1 . atchi . . . budin . . . a n-egosc anetargnaid, RC xiii 11.14 . anetargnaid .i. ní naicin itir, O'D. 971 ( H 3.17, 679c ) (perh, in active sense not knowing, unintelligent , Plummer MS. notes). anetargnaid .i. neamhaithni . . . no neamfollus, O'Dav. 804 .

airrann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airrann or dil.ie/2356
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: urraind

vn ā, f. (ar-ranna) part, division, portion . Of territory: nocodlegat . . . aurraind tíri na túad, SR 4917 . tangadar Dail riadai corgabadar iraind Cruithneach began dividing the Cruithnech, BB 206b31 . cóic hurrunda Érind . . . cecha huirruind díb (coicid, urrann v.l.), Ériu iv 152 § 33 . can a ríg n-aurraindi eturru territorial king, TBC-LL¹ 5693 . an urraind (a s.) bud mō da rigi, ZCP xiv 150.3 = int errandus, PH 907 . ra hairecrad a óltech . . . ar gnímaib ar irrannaib ┐ cenélaib according to territories, MU² 210 . In other contexts: cor bo ball da ballaib a mac ┐ cor bo irrand da irrandaib, TBC-LL¹ 2932 . is amnas an urrand `allotted task' (Plummer MS. notes), TBC-I¹ 2265 . Cf. ind orrain gaiscidh, AFM ii 582.9 (? forráin). urrand argait ┐ oír, LL 276a3 . is amlaid rasuidiged lathrach in taige hi sin leithred foe fothúaid ┐ airrand (aurard v.l.) andess the other half(?), 3851 . niconbie errann do a nim la Crist, Anecd. iii 26.15 . urrann do tháobh thuirc allaidh (as food), Duan. F. i 33 § 5 . urruinn an mhadra don mheall `the share of the haunch that goes to the dog', Content. xxvii 15 . na huronna portions of food, Lism. L. 1256 = na herranda, Three Hom. 60.6 . urranna caebacha . . . cro `clotted particles of blood', CF 515 . urunda fedma fir do caebaib fola ┐ feola, RC xi 32.23 = ZCP x 305.18 . go nderna di urranna so that it was in two, BNnÉ 228 § 131 . urrann duaislibh ┐ daireachaib some nobles, AFM v 1626.2 . Legal: ni aile(t) nach sesc air[r]ainn la Fene, BCrólige 24 . fir errainne, O'Curry 18 (H. 3.18, 8b11) `participators', Plummer MS. notes. Sense not clear in: erraind (eirand v.l.) nais a sruth buais .i. is uais ind rand fil ocum ar imbud mo dagḟessa, RC xxvi 24 § 80 .

2 aite

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aite or dil.ie/2535

Forms: aitti

n [f. ? n s. in aitti , BNnÉ 327 § 53 ]. abode, dwelling: aidde ┐ aittreb díabail (of hell), LU 2235 ( FA § 30 ). co aitte ┐ co adbái fadessin, TBC-LL¹ 4757 . dia modaib amraib aildib / dia n-aitdib dia n-ilarmib, SR 732 . dorime an mac a.¤ ile lasin n-athair, Anecd. i 51 § 3 (= mansiones multae, John xiv 2 ). ba handsin ro suidigit aidi ┐ aitreba doib, Aen. 1298 . bid fás t'aitti siu, BNnÉ 325 § 41 . dochuaid cach dib dia addi ┐ adbuid budessin, PH 648 . tempul ┐ tégdais ┐ addi ┐ inad Dé, LB 234a43 . loscind . . . do linad na naiti ┐ na nínad fithisi ┐ fotoll in tiri , BB 240a45 . ba bec a n-a.¤ ┐ a n-adba i n-dunaid ind rig, RC xxv 34 § 6 . beich tectaid ait no aide i mbun craind, Laws iv 180.27 Comm. ní lamhadh én na hethaid a aidi (aiti v.l.) na adhbha do dénam i mbarr crainn, CCath. 1770 . bregthar asa aiti is enticed from its den (of a serpent), 3088 . ba haitte (háit, v.l.) cumhsanaidh dósam eisidhe (of a bear in the hollow of a tree), BNnÉ 317 § 5 . gur bó h-aitte ┐ gur bho h-adbha do chonaibh allta, AFM v 1654.1 . ? tar áthu tar inberu tar aittiu (rhet.), LU 8627 ( FB § 47 ). ? scéo aitti ailmi fri etnai eocrith (rhet.), LU 5511 (TBC).

ascnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ascnam or dil.ie/4414

Forms: fascnam

u, m. Vn. of ad-cosnai. Also with initial f fascnam.

(a) act of going towards, striving towards, seeking: inna.¤ gl. affectum, Ml. 48d21 . inna ascnamu gl. motús affectusque mortalium, 53a7 . a.¤ no serc gl. emulatio est afectio, 56b28 . huand a.¤ gl. (nocendi) affectione, 72b23 . oc asgnam gloriae, Wb. 1c18 . huand a.¤ ṡóinmech gl. adsis pede . . . secundo, Sg. 69b8 . serc fochraici ara n-a.¤ (sic leg., ed.) `desire of rewards so as to win them', Ériu vii 138.y . a.¤ suälach, ACL iii 311 § 2 . fascnam firinne na scripturi diada . . . fascnam .i. innsaigi, O'Curry 627 (H 3.18, 303). a.¤ ind ecna ┐ na fellsamdachta . . . do aisnés, Alex. 806 . ? raitech ascnama methais, Laws iv 28.6 Comm. , cf. v 248.24 . ? ar na mairnighar ascnama a dibaid, O'Curry 2310 ( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). a.¤ sacarbuic a reir anmcarud going to the sacrament, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii, 132a), Of journeying to a place: oc a.¤ tíre tairṅgiri, Wb. 11a19 . sét . . . / do a.¤ tíri Cannán, SR 5038 . oc áscnám Rómae, Trip.² 805 . do a.¤ in tslébi, LU 1746 . slige do a.¤ geilestair, Laws iv 278.29 Comm. doluid in fer sech Find do a.¤ int sidha eli, RC v 202 § 24 . a.¤ a n-orba ┐ a feraind fadein, TTr.² 9 . ticc . . . do fhascnam a crichi bunaid, RC xxiv 178.22 . ro ghabh ac sira.¤ na mara, Stair Erc. 914 . do chuiredar amach a curach . . . re fasgnam na fuar-gaithi forgloine, KMMisc. 315.1 . a.¤ .i. imthecht, O'Dav. 85 . a.¤ nime, Mon. Tall. 141.16 . Padraíg fria fascnam nime, BB 38a1 . cia roibi in cū oca ascnom was making for him, TBC-I¹ 519 . ba hudmall a rēm ┐ a ascnamh (a phantom), RC xiii 222.2 .

(b) With prepp.: luid reime do ascnum co Temraig `fared forward to', RC xxiv 184.12 . adchīd bātt beg . . . ag ascnamh chuca, Fl. Earls 14.13 . ag dian-asgnamh do na durshlogaibh . . . dochum D., MR 226.6 . oc ascnám do Damaisc, LB 146a25 . in curach ac fascnam dia saighidh, RC xxvi 160.z . coteraig A. ┐ M. . . . do a.¤ hi crich Ciarraige, IT ii2 210.74 . ba hed a.¤ isin flaith / . . . / in rí beres breith for cách / a ṡerc ┐ a omon, IT iii 155 § 46 . ní ro léicc an omhan dóibh sidhe ascnámh isin conair coitchinn, AFM vi 1900.7 . asccnamh a n-agaidh a namhat, 2060.24 . intan robuí C. . . . oc ascnom íar slige Chúaland, BDD² 287 . in grian . . . ic asgnamh re seol-uchtachaib . . . do chomsoillsiugadh na cetharairdi, MR 112.12 . a.¤ tar tuind, ZCP vii 309.19 . iar n-a.¤ sair tar caingel `going in past the altar-rail', Ériu iii 100 § 25 . ag ascnámh triasan naomh-staigri, Fl. Earls 206.9 .

(c) Technical name in prosody for a type of `dúnad' in which part of the first word of a poem is repeated at its end, e.g. Donchad, dond a a.¤ ; see Murphy Metrics 44-45 ; IT iii 29.19 , 30.1 , 121.1 ; Auraic. 2200 ; ZCP xxix 92 .

(d) Gramm. of the case governed by the prep.co: fer . . . co fer a a.¤ , Auraic. 1519 . ni bi int inotacht cin int asgnamh, 4916 .

badún

Cite this: eDIL s.v. badún or dil.ie/5123

Forms: bhadbdhun

n o, m. (ba (pl. of bó) + dún ?) enclosing wall, fortified enclosure (for protection of cattle ?), Anglo-Irish bawn (see N.E.D.): cur loisc bódhún Atha, . . . ┐ co tucsat bhú imdha leo dá tigh, ALC i 206.3 . dochodur . . . dar in mbadun ┐ dar clasaig inn aileoin i rrabatur bai in tiri uli, Ann. Conn. 1236.8 . badhún ceathramhan an Chaisill, Hy Fiach. 174.2 . columain mór . . . ┐ . . . cosmailes babhdúin uime da cech leith, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . bhadbdhun, § 122 . caislen . . . ┐ badhun . . . ina timcell . . . ┐ gardha roalaind ara taibh astigh don badhun, Maund. 252. Caislén ┐ Badhún Bhaile Locha Capuill . . . in Badhún beg . . . ┐ in Badhún mór, ML App. 182. 21 , 23 , 24 . ar gach íocaidhe da mbia sa mbadhún (i.e. whose cattle are in the b.¤ ), 184.9 .

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

bélrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bélrae or dil.ie/5638

Forms: bérla, bélre, bellrae, mbéelre, mbélre, bélri, bérli, belrai, bélru, belru, il-bélre, mbélre, il-béelre, il-bélrib, béarlaoi, berla

n io, n. also bérla (note -rl- in Wb. ex. cited below, see GOI 113 ). Later m.(bél). n s. bélre n-echtrann, Wb. 12c46 . cech mb.¤ , Ml. 42c12 , bellrae, 53d3 . a s. a mbéelre , Wb. 12d6 , mbélre, 13a2 . g s. bélri, Wb. 12a10 . bérli, 12d4 , belrai, Ml. 31b23 . d s. bélru, Wb. 12b23 , Sg. 31b13 , belru, Ml. 42c14 . a pl. il-bélre, Wb. 12c19 . g pl. inna mbélre , Wb. 13a26 . il-béelre, 12d7 . d pl. il-bélrib, 12b24 . Cf. a pl. béarlaoi, Timth. 1916, 38 , 38 § 14.

I

(a) speech, language: in belrai gl. ling[u]æ, Ml. 28b13 . máel dub fair ┐ belra formend leiss `stammering speech', BDD 114 ( LU 7599 ). ro chren a berla cach ṁbrúit his words (?) provided every history, LL 4424. bídh . . . / sbéis ag mnáibh i mbēarla mBriain, Magauran 230 . aslinge .i. absque linga .i. cen bērla nó tengaid, O'Mulc. 66. dúil bélrai glossary (belonging to the curriculum of the eighth year of poetic training) : duili bélraí (berla, v.l.) sicut est duil dromma cett (see 3 dúil) `Glossare' (182.21), IT iii 50 § 92.

(b) Of specific languages: ataat ilchenéle bérli isin biuthso gl. multa . . . genera lingarum, Wb. 12d4 . du cach belru la grecu `to every dialect among Greeks', Thes. ii 226.23 (PCr.). cech deidbli fil i mbērlæ is -ān nō -ēne dofūarusccuib, Corm. Y 1301. ced belrai inso (i.e. Latin), Trip. 128.7 . cen berla i tirib aneóil, SR 3448. gach son fordorcha gach berla `every obscure sound of every language', Auraic. 11. na dá bérlai (berla, v.l.) sechtmogat, Ériu iv 136.16 . ro fogluim an berla nEgebtacca, Laws i 20.9 Comm. tresan mberla Scoiteagdha, BB 38a30 . isin berla Grecdaí, ZCP xxx 101.6 . condat lia na cenela inaid na berlada, BB 3a9 . gen bérla in tíri i ndechatar, Celtica iv 18.10 . in berla i-n ro-genamar our native language, PH 5380. na berla ro cúmscaigit . . . ico'n tur, 5456 . o'n berla Ebraide, 5487 . o bélraib aingel (= 1 Corinth. xiii 1 ), 5909 . in Tenga Bithnua labhrustair o berlu angelacda `in the language of angels', Ériu ii 104 § 15.

Of the noises of animals: do berlaib cech mil bladmair, SR 7263. belra dligthech (spoken by birds) rational language, Ériu ii 118 § 54. béarla na n-éan, Measgra D. 56.23 .

Hence people, nation : ceneel na [= ná] belre, Wb. 28b1 . tuucthar hi cech belru gl. cunctis gentibus nota est, Ml. 42c2 . in lín catrach in cech threib ┐ in lín mbélra in cech cathraig, ┐ in lín doine im (leg. in ?) cech mbelra, LB 132b30 .

(c) In the mod. period specially of (the) English (language) : 'san mbérla, RC xxv 388 § 2. a hucht a bérla `relying on . . . her knowledge of the English language', AFM v 1530.12 . riaghail . . . S. Clára arna tionntúdh i ngaoidhilcc as bérla, Ériu xv 6 title. croinic Bhéarla Stanihurst, Keat. iii 5462. i Laidin i Scoitic ioná i mBéarla, Flower Cat. 574.z ( GJ xiv 714.67 ).

II In various technical phrases of special forms of language. Of the five divisions of Gaelic: cia lin cenel n-anmann . . . forsin ngaeidilg ? . . . a cóic .i. gaeidelg ┐ bérla teibide ┐ bérla Feni ┐ bérla n-etarscartha iter na feadaib aire[g]daib ┐ in gnath-bérla fognus do chach olcheana, Lec. Gl. 209. an Ghaedhealg . . . 'n-a cúig codchaibh, mar atá Béarla na Féine, Béarla na bhFileadh, Bearla an Eadarscartha, Béarla Teibidhe is Gnáithbhéarla, Keat. ii 140. b.¤ (Féine) (the language of) the Laws ; law, the legal enactments : epscop ┐ saoi berla féne, AFM ii 636.12 . brathchai .i. bretho Cai, ainm aicepta bēlri `a reading of law' (Index), O'Mulc. 125. condelg mbélri (mbearla, mberla, v.ll.), O'Dav. 843. roslá bérla breithemhan, LL 386a36 = sós la . . ., Leb. Cert.² 160.2 . suí Berla a doctor of the `Bérla Féine', Laws i 16.23 Comm. (of a Leinster king) ba hollom berla Féne, Metr. Dinds. iv 344.29 . Crith Gablach graece crisis .i. iudicium, nomen aiciuchta bēlrai, O'Mulc. 229. is e sin othrus is luga isin mberla, O'Curry 587 (H. 3.18. 290). Cf. Keat. ii 140 cited above.

For b.¤ (bán) biait see biait. Note also: imróefet fri berla / o Róim (glossed .i. imrádfit berla Románach), LU 9841.

b.¤ n-etarscartha: berla n-edarscartha etir na feadhaib language of separation between the vowels, Auraic. 210. See etarscarad. b.¤ (na filed) a poetic jargon, an artificial language practised by the poets, `part of the sixth year's course of the student-fili,' fili (for poems in B. na f. see Meyer, ZCP v 482 - 490 ; RC xi 125 , xiii 220 ). (of the ánrad poet) belru na filedh as a naicillidh cách dib aloile, O'D. 1214 (H. 2.15, 84a). b.¤ fortchide see 1 fortchide. b.¤ teipide, tóbaide the selected language, Gaelic , see teipe, teipide, tóbaide: go bhfuilid focail as gach aointeangaidh ar airleagadh san cheathramhadh mír don Ghaedhilg ré ráidhtear Béarla Teibidhe, Keat. ii 948.

bernas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bernas or dil.ie/5719

Forms: -ais

n (bern). Also with a d s. -ais. Only in nn. loc. gap, mountain pass (see Hog. Onom.): cath Bernais, LL 6410. for Bernais tíri Aeda, Lat. Lives 34.5 . ō Bhearnois Mhóir, Leabh. ó Láimhsgr. xv 29.13 (Acall.). Beárnas, Keat. Poems 434. ? iar mb.¤ , Anecd. i 13.6 (`from west of B. (?),' SCano 413 n.).

bolad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bolad or dil.ie/6340

Forms: balad, boladh, baladh, -aidh, bhaluidh

n u, later o. Freq. also balad. boladh baladh, m. (g s. -aidh), IGT Decl. § 11 (54.1) . smell, scent (usu. in good sense) : ni boltigetarside b.¤ fidei (cf. lemma bonus odor, Wb. 14d 32 ), Wb. 14d34 . b.¤ inna idbairte sin gl. (oblationem) . . . in odorem suauitatis, 22b13 . vel odorum .i. inna mboltae, Ml. 82c3 . ni thesta forru . . . in b.¤ angelacda, IT i 22.9 . di bolod ┐ blath na lubi, LU 10641 (TE). flaith . . . co mbolud tíri láin (of heaven), LU 2300 ( FA 35 ). co torthib cach thoraid dil, / cona mbolthaib milidib, SR 480. ailgine ┐ balad in croind, LB 221b64 . lasin ṁbalad tánic dia n-étaigib scent, TFerbe 74 . tanic b.¤ direccra de as in adnocul . . . rob ailgen tra in mb.¤-sin `perfume', PH 1589. fá boltnugad a mbolaid (of apple trees), SG 347.20 . mar beanaidh (sic) na cuile a baladh don arromata, Smaointe B. Chr. 2195. baladh an arruime, Stair Erc. 499. failte na súle oc descin in tuara. Failti na sróna fria bolud, LL 36563. no biad a bolath fort (i.e. honey), Fél.² civ 25 June 17 . b.¤ fína lía anóil his breath has the fragrance of wine, LU 3640 ( SCC 31 ). dus in bi maith a boloth (of testing malt), Laws ii 242.18 Comm. lór dáibh a bholadh do bhiudh, DDána 42.43 ( IGT Decl. ex. 379 ). ni as . . . a mblasanaibh na as a mbolladaib (mboltanadh, v.l.) . . . atainter naduir na corp nadurtha, Ir. Astr. Tr. 72.13 . ar son an bholaidh mhaith go mbía bréntas = instead of sweet smell, Isaiah iii 24. baladh céire um ḟonn Áine, IGT Decl. ex. 1206. blas, boladh, dath ┐ cumadh aráin `smell' (of the Eucharist), Donlevy 242.13 . scent (in hunting) : ar n-a bhraith do bhalad (bholaith, v.l.) an tSionnaigh ( sic leg.) betrayed by the scent of the Fox (see ALC i 404 n.3 ), Ériu i 103 § 67. úir do buain ass in airett is léir balath in conluain `smell of the ordure' (of trespassing dogs), Laws iv 122.13 Comm. do brentaid ┐ do balud on iasc, RC x 58 n.16 . . . . boladh, tócht, Eg. Gl. 615.

Attrib. g s.: díoghrais mholta buain bhaluidh ` fragrant ', O'Hara 699.

As quasi-vn. : glacadh, baladh, blas, eisdeacht ┐ amharc (i.e. the five corporal senses) ` smelling ', Donlevy 326.24 .

brethaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brethaigid or dil.ie/6761

Forms: brethugad

v = brethnaigid. judges, pronounces (judgment), adjudges; determines, decides : mani brethaigeseo brethaigfetsa, LU 8776 - 8777 ( FB 58 ). mád in ra brethaigestar . . . Cú Ruí dóib a tríur, 9170 ( 90 ). cech ni robrethaighset na suithi sin, Anecd. ii 75.z . breathuighim-si sealb an tiri . . . dhaoíbh `I assign to you', Leb. Gab.(i) 254 note 4 . robreathuigeth forsan filid . . . cuindrech na n-ēigsīne, ZCP vii 305.17 .

Vn. brethugad.

cell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cell or dil.ie/8562

Forms: cill, Cille

n ā, f. (Lat. cella). In later lang. also with n s. cill ( TSh. 5808 ).

(a) Usually transl. church, but in a number of exx. clearly ref. to monastic settlement or foundation, collection of ecclesiastical buildings: contubart F. acheill dóo, Thes. ii 242.21 (Ardm.). c.¤ mór `great church', 317.7 (Hy. ii). cét c.¤ custói tond fo ógi offrinn, Lib. Hymn. 177.495 (ACC). .xvii. cella, Vita Br. 23 . atait secht cella etc. (heptad). Laws v 118 . dul tar chill, 474.11 . ? bása ch.¤ mo dind / bád lem Érend íath, LU 9979 . i nArd mínMacha maith c.¤ , LL 15954 . can cairde ceall, BB 56a24 . cormand c.¤ tiri Ele, YBL 132a35 . doronsat na clerig tóraind chilli, 316a42 . ab gach chill, Content. xviii 127 . secht n-airchinnich c.¤ , Ann. Inisf. 1029.2 . ar cheallaibh ┐ eccailsibh, AFM iii 912.3 . an líon manach . . . ag freastal na sé dteampull do bhí san chill, Keat. ii 3108 . air an uachtarán cille `spiritual superior', Donlevy 106.12 .

(b) Extended applications: ba c.¤ chendadach ┐ ba cómrar thaisceda sét somainech in talman hí (of Persepolis), Alex. 415 . In sense of sanctuary : fa ceall chomhdha (of a dead chief), DDána 110.12 . comairce ┐ ceall, 102.30 (`tearmann', Gloss.). Prov. celd cen cloc, Rawl. B 512, 112a1 (cited Meyer Contribb.). Of the clergy as oppd. to laity: etir chill ┐ tuaith, RC xviii 196.22 . See 1 túath (T 349.15 ff.). Of ground round a church, churchyard, graveyard : fa úir na cille. Misc. Hag. Hib. 15 § 8 . noco pīantar / fora n-īatur / ūr a c[h]ille, BColm. 28.26 . rés an gcorp ag triall gus an gcill, TSh. 5720 . gur scríob chúichi an chill trí gnaoi-mhúinte grinn `the grave has gathered', O'Rah. xii 31 . Cf. clad cille, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 .i. in relig, 72 .

In n.pr. imchoin na ceall, IT iii 80 § 53 . Colum Cille , pass. In insulting nick-name: c.¤ coire, Laws v 230.4 Comm. , expld. as `a church in which milk-and-water only is drunk, a miserable place' (O'Curry), note p. 231.

Very freq. in nn.loc.., see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns: i ndíoghail na ceallairgthe sin ` sacrilege ', Keat. iii 4567 . ceallogam . . . .i. Beanchar, etc., Auraic. 5702 . is cell-phort do Padraig, BB 268b12 ( ceandphort, Leb. Cert. 30.15 ). With adjj. derived from nouns: is buaid clerigh cliaraig ceolaigh ceallabranaigh, BB 295a11 . don eing cheathraigh cheallainglidhe, DDána 89.10 . eiriceach ┐ . . . ceallairgtheach, Eochairsg. 103.9 .

1 cennphort

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cennphort or dil.ie/8665

n (cenn + 1 port): cathur Samaría cennport an tíri sin capital , Maund. 102 . Of persons chief, leader : cennport cloinde hUgoine, ZCP xiv 257.13 . c.¤ cennais bá ferr dia rann somh, AFM vi 2290.8 . ag ceannphort a noiléin, Acts xxviii 7 . ceannfuirt `Chief Men', Eg. Gl. 497 . Cf. Alex. 463 cited under cennbart.

? cetaim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cetaim or dil.ie/8883
Last Revised: 2019

ind bennacht ethu ┐ blechto maro ┐ tiri fort-su c.¤ conla, IT iii 242.236 (see De Chophur in da Muccida 58.301 ).

clithar, clethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clithar, clethar or dil.ie/9513
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cluthar, clothar, cluthair

o, ā (clith). Later also cluthar, clothar, cluthair.

adj I sheltering, protective : ro scucsat iarsin i nglend ┐ i fidbaid clicair, BB 496a39 . cuan cluthar, comdaingen, ZCP vi 294.23 . fidh cluthur caointortach, Grail 3695 . lucht na mbrat gclúmhach gcluthar, Hackett lvi 49 . suadhach shámhghlan shármhaith shearccluthair (epithet of a woman), xii 11 . an treabh chumhthach . . . / cluthair a grádh liom go luan `will by me be warmly loved', Ó Bruad. ii 130 xviii . ? roir dom . . . .x. mbruit cuinsce c.¤ , Ériu ii 4.17 (cheville?). Adv. protectively, closely(?): bīaid relec d'arc[h]anglib / im c[h]lūain co clothur (clothaib, MS.), BColm. 30.22 (: atlochur). dfhagháil cumainn go cluthar ó dhaoinibh, Hackett xxxix 188 . clothar .i. toghaidhe no toghtha, O'Cl.

II As subst. o, m.

(a) shelter, covert, fastness : mor fer ro boí com iarraid / eter chlitar is diamair, LU 3938 ( SCC 44 ) (`both roof and hidden place', SC2 n.). gáir na Gairbe, c.¤ fid, SG 366.3 ( LL 297b50 ). gēsid ōs caille c.¤ above the fastness of the wood, IT iii 67 § 2 . i clithor .i. i mbuaile, O'Curry 1464 ( H 3.18, 651 ). c.¤ mbaiscaill .i. buaili, Auraic. 5551 . c.¤ boiscell kenning for quert apple-tree in Bríatharogam , Auraic. 5552 (cf. clithc[h]ar boscill .i. eilit nó geilt, Anecd. iii 43.16 ). fidbuid . . . / re haltrom én [n-]ilgothach / ria c.¤ dia cleith `hiding it with its shelter', Ériu i 39 § 3 . ō c[h]luthraib crīc[h] ┐ ō f[h]osgaduib iath, ML² 666 . do-rataid a long ar feisted a cluthur an cuain, Grail 3298 . as cluchar a coillte, BCC 282.17 .

In n. loc. ro láiset a nernail búair ┐ braite seoco fodess i C.¤ Bó Ulad, TBC-I¹ 1774 . hi C.¤ Fidbaidi hi Commur Cetharsliged, LU 8510 ( FB 36 ). pl. Clothrén i maigh Chliach atá. is úadh Cluithri Chlíach, Cóir Anm. 195 . in tan bátar hi Cluichrib, LU 5403 (TBC) = cluithrib, TBC-I¹ 926 .

(b) Fig.

(i) protection, shelter : is ruca don righ olc do dhenumh . . . is ina chlit[h]ur imteit cach, O'Curry 478 (H. 3.18, 249). fer gonur fia sochuide, cia tuilledh for slogh fiadh ndéntur, no as a clithor a ndéntur, O'D. 545 ( H 3.17, 435 ).

(ii) Of a prince, protector, refuge: clet[h]ar sēt .i. rī[g]-sēt, ar is ainm do rīg isin Dūil Feda Māir c.¤ , Corm. Y 209 . is e in t-ard-ḟlaith hUa Ainmirech c.¤ dana craeb coibneasa ro raidsiumar romaind, MR 98.x . ata triath os cionn Ruarcach / . . . / isse cleathar is cuibhdhe, H 3.18, 766.22 . ? c.¤ .i. urachill, ut Udhacht Morainn: ar clitharsidhe (? sīdhe) sgeó thuatha, Ériu xiii 67 § 69 ; cf. ZCP xi 97 § 60 .

In phr. c.¤ sét appar. the `sét' of highest value, a milch-cow, an in-calf cow or a ploughing ox. `sheltering sét' or `insurance sét' Plummer MS. notes (comparing gell tóirithnech). clithar sēt. Alii dicunt do mbad ainm do boin inlāig .i. arindī doceil a llōeg n-inde [quod non est uerum, sed uerius] Clet[h]ar sēt .i. rī[g]-sēt, Corm. Y 209 . clithear set, slaindte forgu na nuile .i. cleithe ar set .i. loilgech, Laws iv 28.4 , and 16 Comm. c.¤ sed .i. laulgach no daum timchella aratar no buo inlaoge, O'Curry 852 ( H 3.18, 386b ). Also sét clithair (attrib. g s.): ro saig set clithair enech bo-airech coruicce cumal n-uinge no boin nu-da-craid, Laws v 392.1 . set clithair gill ainech boairech inna muin, 390.z . .i. clethe or na sed, gellas tinchaib (= do inchaib) in boairech mailli ris imuig .i. in lulgach, 392.14 Comm.

Compds. With noun. a cliotharchuan D. sheltered harbour, Hugh Roe² 6.11 . do clithardiamaire (sic leg.) an inuid, Acall. 2332 v.l. (do dhiamhair, text).

With adj. cuan cobhsaidh. cluthardaingen, ZCP vi 28.y . in cheirt combrec clithar-diabultae (sic leg.) bui uime, Anecd. iv xiv 27 (`? folded as a covering', Plummer MS. notes). tresna coilltib clithirdiamraib `with their secret shelters', TTebe 312 . tug corn . . . a clithardíamuir a édaig `hidden shelter', Fianaig. 58.17 . rotheichset fo clithárdiamraibh in tíri , CCath. 1249 . fo chailltib clithardlúithe `close-sheltering', Fianaig. 52.11 . mo chroinn . . . cliothardhlúithe, Buile Ṡ. 82.x . imdatuigethar celt clithargarb finna, LU 7732 (BDD). cuan cluthar-mīn Celga, ML² 721 . a da sgiath corcra clithir mora, ZCP x 306.23 .

2 coicertaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 coicertaid or dil.ie/10062

n [i, m.] (coicert): ba coicertaich (-aig, ; leg. c.¤) catha ┐ tiri ar gais (of prince), RC xxiv 184.5 ( SG 334.21 ).

coitchenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coitchenn or dil.ie/10455
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: -en

o, ā. Earlier -en. bean choitcheann, bean chaitcheann, IGT Decl. § 137 . See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 158 .

I As adj.

(a) common, general; usual, ordinary : de phurt choitchent `from a common part', Thes. i 6.23 . in denmada coitchin gl. factoris, Ml. 27b13 . huan bás coitchen hua n-epil cach gl. sulito . . . exitio, 73d7 . uisque c.¤ ordinary, 93b12 . it coitchena do cach ceniul gl. communes . . . omnium gentium, Sg. 10a1 . c.¤ gl. promiscuo, Ml. 37b2 . ind inne issi as c.¤ folad duine huile `that all man is of common substance', Sg. 28a2 (see note). co tici in crich c.¤ Doom, Rawl. 70b4 . ro innarbbad Adam a Pardus hi talmain coitchind, LL 20 . fon chetharaird cotchind, LL 31002 (TTr.). ceiled in cleithi c.¤ (sic leg.) `universal welkin', MR 240.5 . gairm cotchend do techt on Roim, Ann. Conn. 1300.9 . Rí caitcheand cāich (: taitnend), IGT Decl. ex. 1928 . cé hí an bliadain is coitceand and ┐ cé is bliadain ambolis `common . . . intercalary', O'Gr. Cat. 304.17 . ród coitchionn, DDána 23.1 . leis an maith ccoitchinn the common good, RSClára 18b . na tengthacha coittchenna, L. Chl. S. 52 .

(b) public; owned in common : huand seirc rigdai .i. follais nó choitchinn gl. puplico affectu, Ml. 124d13 . treb ch.¤ see treb. i tidhibh coitcinna na dlegar cin bidh foraib . . . no na tighibh féin, O'Curry 2535 ( Eg. 88, 44 (45)c ). i rud c.¤ no i sliab ch.¤ , O'D. 2270 ( Rawl. B 506 23b ). imbleith for lig .i. lia coitcend `common whetstone', Laws v 484.29 Comm. gaire in tsenorach coitchinn `whom they support in common', ii 284.20 Comm. in cathair coitcend, congairech . . . .i. Bruidis, ZCP vi 35.7 . teach n-aíded coitcheand, Mer. Uil.² 160 . a n-inad coitcind public place, Smaointe B. Chr. 2952 . iomad . . . scol gcoitcheann ré múnadh léighinn `public schools', Keat. iii 3033 . brughaidh coitcind conaigh (`general'), AFM iii 578 8 .

(c) Special senses: fiadnaise . . . coitcheann `impartial', Laws ii 344.16 Comm. mad coitcend fiadnaisi, v 24.23 Comm. fer edrana coitcindi, iii 238.22 Comm. co ro-p coitchend ┐ co ro-p fíren 'n-a fhuigell (of king), PH 4151 . taoiseach . . . / . . . coitcheann ceirtbhreathach, Magauran 2893 . tech c.¤ see tech (cf. co rainic an teg coitcionn, Duan. F. i 20.7 `privy', Gloss.). coit[ch]enn gl. commone (of unclean food), Thes. i 497.11 (Ardm.), cf. niór ith mé riám éun ní coitcheann, nó neamhghlan, Acts x 14 . ris na [mnáibh] coitchionna whores, Párl. na mB. 2578 . bheith catoilice, .i. bheith coitchend, Ó Héodhusa 33.16 .

(d) In gramm. contexts (see also under II): acciditi coitchenna gl. accedentia . . . generalia, Sg. 71b9 . onbrethir choitchind asberar suffragor, Gild. Lor. 1 . coitcenn ┐ diles ┐ ruidles dlegar don focul is eitged `common, a proper, and a peculiar application', Laws iii 94.23 Comm. ainm c.¤ doib uile generic name, i 258.20 . coitcend doip uili fedha do radh riu (of consonants), Auraic. 3555 . coitchend . . . o dialt immach (of tomus), 758 . coitcend a thapairt for cech innsge iter ciallaide no neamciallaide, saorda ┐ aigenta, 3031 . ann coitcheann `a.' used impersonally, Bard. Synt. Tr. 222.21 . ga háoinfhiodh as coitcheann a n-earnuile, IGT Introd. 5.14 . With regard to ann coitchenn, as coitchenn see further Éigse xxii 137 .

With DO: coitchen do cach peccad gl. generaliter, Ml. 56b41 . aní ba choitchen doaib sem huili, Sg. 50a3 . is c.¤ do cech belru, Ml. 42c14 . combad c.¤ a suillsi don tegluch to give light to the whole household, LU 9199 ( FB 92 ).

Compar.: níra choitchinniu Briccni da charait andá dá námait `no fairer', TBC-LL² 4870 = cotruime, St., `did not associate more freely', Ériu xiii 158 . naoimh oile . . . is coitchinne ioná . . . do luadhamar `more generally known', Keat. iii 1796 . conair is coitchinne, TSh. 10765 . Adv.: d'erfuacra na hesergi co c.¤ , LU 2512 . cucoitchend, Three Hom. 124.10 . ac adhmilledh na cruinne co coitcenn `the whole earth', Stair Erc. 629 .

II As subst.

(a) Gramm. In Sg. glosses of nouns which are of more than one gender and verbs with same form for a person of the sg. and a person of the pl., etc., appar. n.: coitchen decheneli common nouns, Sg. 63a1 (perh. compd., note). ara-necatar coitchena in or `common nouns in or', 65a11 . biid immurgu coitchen trechenélae in .x., 114b1 . coitchena so etir di árim in oenṡun (ἦλθον', 1. s. and 3 pl.), 72a2 . Note also: dede do airbeirt a gerind gnimo et coitchin gl. ab actiuis uel communibus nata, 149b7 . sechmoella coitchen hórangabáil sechmadacht gl. communia (uerba), 196b2 .

(b) common property, commonage : cach nī do choitchiunn fil etorru, Corp. Gen. 208.7 . ar morcoitcindib na crichi, ZCP x 307.29 . In phrases: in c.¤ the accepted (vulgate) version: doreir in coitchínd, BB 41a24 . do for[ṡ]lontib Ulad īar c.¤ , ZCP viii 331.10 i coitchiunn, i c.¤ in general, equally: dóib uili i coitciund, Ériu iv 144.21 . co brāth a coitcenn ┐ trie pithu sír jointly(?), ZCP viii 103.13 . ethuch i coitcenn etir Ecluis ┐ tuath `in general', Laws i 56.3 Comm. beantagha cháich i gcoitchinn (: binn) (of St. Margaret), DDána 68.41 .

(c) (monastic) community: cid do bíud bói isin choitchend, Lib. Hymn. 62.10 (B). tionoilit amach (sámadh, v.l.) an baile ┐ an coitcend go léir, ZCP x 10.18 . cleirech don coitchend (do muintir S., v.l.), 20 . comarba I. timchill coitchend Tuama da gualand, RC xviii 50.28 (Tig.). don choitchend cristaide, LB 200 marg. inf.

Compds. inna monistre .i. inna coitchennbet[h]ath cenobitic life, Thes. ii 27.36 (BCr.). ba coitchindbérla, úair ro foglaimthea leis bérla cacha tíri skilled in many languages, Mer. Uil.² 80 .

comindell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comindell or dil.ie/11355
Last Revised: 2013

n (indell or inill Celtica x 46 n. 77 , but see LEIA C-174 . Prob. two different words)

(a) trap : tuc a chois 'na ch.¤ `in his own engine', Metr. Dinds. iv 122.z .

(b) a situation offering equal security to both parties; common arrangement, contract : mintire; cominnull tuaithe, Laws ii 12.24 (`central territory'). fer difaesaim, .i. comgraidh no ap no munap min tíri no c.¤ tuaithe `regulation of the territory', i 90.28 Comm. is eicin móirṡeiser ag gabail athgabala . . . .i. mintire, ┐ [cominnell tuaithe], 226.2 Comm. ? acuiriu comindel comthoicthe, Corp. Gen. 80 (Rawl. 125 b 37) .

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