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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

aineóil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aineóil or dil.ie/1294

g s. of aineól as adj. unknown, strange, unfamiliar (esp. of places, roads etc.): i tirib anheoil, SR 3180 . 'san tír aineōil (: taideóir), ZCP vii 309.25 . grib indrid iath n-anēoil, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . Temair fás, forba n-aníuil, BDD² 1055 . ag eachtor-chrīchaibh oile imchiena ainiūil, Fl. Earls 216.11 . ar shlighidh ainiúil, Dán Dé vi 10 . ar séad ain-iúil `on a blind course', A. Ó Dálaigh lii 16 . fúarais mór n-aidchi n-aniúil `many a night thou hadst abroad', RC xx 12 § 18 . uir aniuil tarut (a curse), Fél.² clxxxv 6 . foiléim ainiúil a jump in the dark, Hackett xxxi 2 . d'éanlaith iongantaigh aineóil, TD 15.17 . Of persons: ar fhior ainiuil stranger , DDána 110.21 . Rare in predic. use: am aneoil dia eis (: todiúir) I am without guidance, LL 18581 ( PRIA xix ).

? airching

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? airching or dil.ie/1715

n dolúidh R. . . . a tirib íat[h] Fomórach la haircing tire do cuairt coicrich, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 432.z ) = la airchinn, LL 22394 .

1 aird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aird or dil.ie/1792
Last Revised: 2019

n f. See Vendr. Lex.

(a) peak, point: mind . . . ceithri ardda cruanmoithni [fair], Trip.² 943 . cach n-ulind . . . ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-aircind don charput sin, LU 6403 (TBC). ra a.¤ a gúaland, MU² 726 . samalta lim ra trí airdi ind echrad-sin. elta dub-en os chind arbaige, etc., LL 189b29 . cach duine a.¤ each on his hill, Ériu iv 130.8 .

(b) Usually point of the compass, quarter, direction: cethri arda in domain .i. tair ┐ tíar tess ┐ túaid, LU 10063 . rosir [in teidm] fo chethri hairdib Erenn, RC xvii 416.24 (Tig.). fo chetheora ardda in betha, SR 8044 . scailit fo arttaibh ind aiéoir, RC xxvi 364.23 . tabraid triar cacha arda immon ṁbudinsin, LL 13939 . cia hardi robatar ina rigi what were the limits of his kingdom, BB 488a42 . trí treba di cech a.¤ impi, LB 121b4 = gacha airde, Celtica iv 32.457 . ro élodh A. . . . as gach áird d'a chéile from one point to another, Ériu i 81.1 . cucligi in talman occa thochur dar a.¤ ┐ dar cenn `being turned up . . .', Ériu ii 138 § 137 . cridhe san a.¤ -sin níor fhéagh heart never looked in that direction, Dán Dé xxiii 29 . i nacchaid na des-airde southwards, BNnÉ 70 § 117 . do na Pictibh san a.¤ thuaidh, Keat. iii 1343 . ní cóir a.¤ ar tús no ar deireadh comhfhocuil achd soir no siar ré n-airdibh eile words meaning points of the compass, IGT Introd. 24 § 98 .

In various adv. phrases. a.¤ in a.¤ batar in da cath in line , Cog. 168.24 . do gerrsin in gormslegh a.¤ a n-a.¤ gusa imlinn all the way up, Comp. CC 110.7 . a.¤ i n-a.¤ frisna rothaib iarndaidib level with, LU 6503 (TBC). co tarla in muir a.¤ fri a.¤ (ard inard, St.) fris i.e. the sea was level with his head. TBC-LL¹ 1309 . o ra siacht C. ard fri a.¤ (ard inard, St.) fris, 1179 . a.¤ an ard re cerdcae ciormhaire opposite , TFrag. 222.22 . ard i na.¤ fria roile `opposite each other', AFM v 1672.1 . tuittfit na slēibhti innus co mbet a.¤ ar a.¤ frisna glenntaib, RC xxviii 312 § 11 . ar a.¤ present: ar airt cona roib etarcéin `on the spot', Wb. 26a14 . G. ┐ A. rí Róman ar a.¤ occa G. and A. king of the Romans were present at it (viz. a ceremony), Trip.² 303 . badar da righdamna . . . ar a.¤ acu, Snedg. u. Mac R 31.17 . ma ta in fear ar aird 'if the husband is at hand', Mar. Dis. 34 § 14 . for a.¤ , PH 5433 . ni beo fen for a.¤ I shall not be alive, Three Hom. 70.20 . neart do lámh ar a.¤ ní fhuil the strength of your hands is not noticeable, DDána 56.5 . gan fheagra ar a.¤ ná éifeacht `without an answer of any weight or effect', Content. xxi 4 . beirid ar a.¤ brings forward, displays: tucsat . . . na cathfir a ceird muccada ar a.¤ `the champions displayed their swineherd's art', Dinds. 57 ( RC xv 453 ). conid hi dombeir ar a.¤ madain domnaig `tis she that brings it up (on the shore)', 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). tuc in tespuc in lebar for a.¤ , PH 25 . mentions expressly, cites: gin go tucc ar a.¤ though he did not mention it explicitly, O'D. 522 ( H 3.17, c. 424 ). cuid crui don eiric tucad ar a.¤ . . . ┐ cuitig flatha . . . na tuc ar a.¤ , O'Curry 2103 (H. 4.22, fo. 76a). is aire tuc tar crich ar a.¤ i.e. he expressly added the words `tar crich', O'D. 605 ( H 3.17, c. 424 ). logh bó . . . ná tard for áird do beth a foeitsecht aigi `he has in reserve the value . . . which he does not bring into the account', Laws iv 132.24 Comm. dāla Conculaind doberar ar a.¤ it is mentioned (transition of narrative from the doings of Fer Diad to those of C. C.), TBC-I¹ 2574 . dosbert na briathra sa ar a.¤ he said these words aloud, TBC-LL¹ 1497 . nach ttabhairther a nanmanna for a.¤ , `whose names are not given', AFM vi 2074.24 . cuirid ar a.¤ proclaims: orrtha chodoil chríche faghladh / fiadha í Chéin do chor ar a.¤ , O'Hara 4408 . ós a.¤ aloud, openly, publicly (opp. of ós ísel, cf. 1 ard): tucsat gáir . . . os a.¤ , LB 151b34 . ni ba menma . . . la cech oen turcebus airbert ngaiscid uas a.¤ hi tirib Grec, LL 400a39 . siodhach ós a.¤ ┐ eissíodhach ó mhenmain, AFM v 1772.x . do-beir ós a.¤ tells aloud, expresses openly: oc tabairt a n-anmand ós a.¤ , LU 10496 . dobered cách a chomram . . . ós a.¤ each used to tell his triumphs aloud, LU 3233 ( SCC § 2 ). iomthūsa M. dobearar ōs a.¤ , ML² 1542 . cuirid ós a.¤ : gan dáil cruidh do chor ós a.¤ , O'Hara 4304 . téit ós aird becomes public: sul deach ós a.¤ mh'fúasgaladh `ere my release be noised abroad', Ériu ix 162 § 1 . gidh measa ag Dia a dhol ós aird `though He likes not open (sin)', Dán Dé xxiii 27 . ?As prep. phrase: ag teacht na bhfarraid ós arroid na ndaoine before the people, 23 P 18, 25 b26 . Also with prec. c (g): imthúsa Clainni Cailitín do-berar cosaird, Comp. CC 88.7 . tucadh a gairm righ gos a.¤ let the king's cry be raised, CF 914 . narb ail leis mi-clu gos a.¤ do tabairt di, Smaointe B. Chr. 493 . do chuir Martha na mirbuile cos a.¤ (= publicavit), 1778 .

áitt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áitt or dil.ie/2826
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: átt, áttaib, átachad, áitt

n f. Perh. orig. átt ā, f., cf. d p. áttaib, Críth G. 173 , átachad, IGT Verbs § 106 . See Mac Airt, Celtica iii 263 . Vendr. Lex. Lochlann ii 213 .

(a) place, situation, position, dwelling: hi cech ait isin chathrig, Ml. 68a13 . co cach inchruth a thige inna áttaib córaib with all the furniture of the house in its proper positions, Críth G. 173 . ni fuair ait forstarrasad (of the Ark), SR 2572 . ro facsat ait na scainnre do S., CCath. 3697 . áit buailte do thabhairt dóibh a place for defeating them, Mac Aingil 1748 . arna shuidhiughadh san áit is onóraighe don chlár, TSh. 855 . na háiti d'folmughadh, IGT Decl. ex. 723 . a buird 'na n-áitibh gá n-uaim planks being joined in their places (of a building), DDána 119.35 . anuidh an connsuine bog na áit féin remains unchanged, IGT Introd. 26.31 .

Abode, dwelling: ra curit ina n-aitib ┐ ina n-imdadaib (of men after feasting), CRR 20.2 . a hait ┐ a hadba, TTebe 186 . do chuaidh gach aon díobh d'a ait (bhaile v.l.) féin, ZCP iv 400.19 . techit na harrachta asa n-attib, PH 743 . aitte (háit v.l.) cumhsanaidh lair (of an animal), BNnÉ 317 § 5 . hi senáitibh slechta Conuill Chernaigh in the hereditary seats of the race of C., AFM vi 2186.12 . anmhain ar ar n-aitibh fein in our own districts, O'R. Poems 3906 .

Passage (in a book): gibé thuigfeas na háite do haithleigheadh linn, Eochairsg. 111.1 . do réir na háite sin (in Bible), TSh. 22 . léaghthar san áit chéadna, 285 . ar lorg na háite-se san Leabhar Ghabhála, Keat. ii 796 .

Perh. crossing-place of a river in: hae aite (in a list of things (on private property) of which there is no exclusive ownership) i.e. salmon seen at a river-crossing can be appropriated (?), Laws v 482.23 (see Mac Airt loc. cit.). Or w.r.t. the location of one's house, EIF 286-87 . Or áe as in the plant-name áe aba, Peritia xvi 390-92 ; see 1 áe.

In phr. á.¤ i n- as conj. where: a tírib beó ait inna bí bás, LU 9996 . ait hi funend grían where the sun sets, 3691 ( SCC 33 ). áit i mbaí a h-adba inmain, Sc.M² 24 (e) . áit i comraicfead díabolnámaid, BDD² 733 . lige Fergusa maic Rōic āitt in rohadnacht ar Mag nĀi, ACL iii 3.3 . áit i farggab C. . . . a chend .i. cenn-áitt F., TBC-LL¹ 2915 . tomaidm Linmuine edón Locha Echach áitt dollégad síl nD., RC xvi 413.16 (Tig.). áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545 . Note also: áit mal connairnechtatar where they met, TBC-LL¹ 1441. 1565 .

Combines with interrog. to give cáit where (in dependent and direct questions) (perh. a modification of O. Ir. cote, see Mac Airt, loc. cit.): ní fes do Galafas cait a ndeachaidh, RC x 185.9 . do c[h]uireadar fesa da fhis cáit a rabatar, ML² 911 . cait hir-raibe?, PH 201 . cāit a fhuil Finn?, ML² 1492 .

(b) place formerly occupied by someone or something: ní fuaradar acht a ait ann they found the place empty, ZCP vi 76.13 . do níd áit leabhar dona tuatadhaib they take the place of books (of images), Ó Héodhusa 143.12 . fear a áite his successor, Mac Aingil 6004 . cead . . . an easbuig . . . nó fhir áiti delegate , 4389 . fear āite Chriosd, Parrth. Anma 2934 . do dhiúltuigh . . . ar gealladh d'oifig is d'fhurthacht is d'áit dó place, office (of an Irish chief who resisted the bribes of the government), Hackett xl 192 . imprint, mark: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann, BColm. 64.8 . lorg cneadh ┐ áit áladh, DDána 54.9 . Hence in phrase i n-á.¤ with gen.: nach faicim acht fís . . . i n-áit an mhóir-eoluis cheirt instead of, Content. xvi 87 . mar íoc i n-áit an tsochair `as requital for those benefits', ix 26 .

(c) In phrase of doubtful meaning do áitt , diait, diad etc. See Mac Airt loc. cit.: Ri ro sáer Iacob do aitt / do láim Isau meicc Isaic, SR 7313 . teine do áitt etc., for exx. see 1 teine.

aittenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aittenn or dil.ie/2832
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. See LEIA but also Études Celt. xxxvi 63 . furze, gorse: paliurus .i. . . aiten, Thes. ii 46.18 ( Philarg. 18 ). rusco .i. aittiun, 47.8 (ib. 50 ), 48.30 (ib. 119 ). aitend .i. āith-tend, sech is āith is tend, Corm. Y 56 . onn .i. aiten, Auraic. 1194 . is on aitenn tucad int ainm is onn frisin fidh n-ogaim, 5582 . lossa fedha .i. aitean, fraech, gilcach . . ., 1156 . int aitend no in fraoch, 2834 . sliabh fraich ┐ aiteann, Laws iv 276.19 Comm. aiteand, dris, fraech, 148.1 . im dire . . . do aitin do luachra, i 166.29 . biaid immad aittin ann / i tírib áilli Érann, Metr. Dinds. iv 306.23 . tri droighnibh ┐ drisibh ┐ aitinn arrachta do chirrbadh a cuirp, Études Celt. i 85.23 . ro tréghdadh a throighthe . . . lá haitten an tsleibhe, AFM vi 1900.13 . ? nír adba rosc fír ineithle maíssi aitind serthi capaill, IT iii 99 § 164 . As sobriquet: Oengus cenn aittinn, Rawl. 152a51 . Compds. ¤-chaithrech having furze-like body-hair: Ethne Aitencáithrech, LU 3246 ( SCC 4 ). Mugain Aitencaetrech, 8405 ( FB 28 ). M. Etanchaithrech, TFerbe 119 . re M. Aitinchairchech (sic), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 22.6 . See Ériu i 117 note . ¤-garbh: san tír aimhreidh aiteanngarbh, Cog. 100.12 . ¤-ṡlíab: mar cech n-attennṡlíab, Metr. Dinds. iv 140.4 .

Alpae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Alpae or dil.ie/3013

pn [, f.] (Lat. loanword) the Alps: cenalpande .i. fri alpae ṅdesiu cisalpina .i. . . . cen alpai ṅetarru gl. cisalpina Gallia, Sg. 217b8-9 . ro gatta do báe . . . condafail oc Sléib Aelpae, TBFr. 358 (a tirib Elpai, v.l.). documlat ass . . . tar Muir Hicht co túascert Longbard co rráncatar Sléibte Aelpae, 377 (sliab nElpa, v.l.). The follg. exx. from Tochmarc Emire are taken by Thurn., Heldensage 388 , as referring to the Alps, by Meyer, Wortk. 67 , as referring to Scotland: da ris[s]ed C. . . . ar Alpi, RC xi 444.18 (= ZCP iii 246 § 57 ). conrissed Scathaig boi fri hAlpai anair . . . nalotar . . . tar Alpi, 34 (= fri Alpi . . . tar Albo, ZCP iii 248 § 60 ). dochoid tar Alpi, 41 (= Alpie, § 62 ). imdiseat go Alpi, ZCP iii 247 § 59 . Cf. ō rāncatar Slēibi Elpa aba mór ar a cind .i. Liguir Slēbi hElpa, Otia ii 87 § 8 . dar senbennaib . . . sléibhe uraird Elpa, CCath. 398 . See Alp.

amus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amus or dil.ie/3234

Forms: amhus, amsa

n o, m. amhus m. (g s. and n p. -uis), IGT Decl. § 17 . a p. amsa, AFM iii 290.20 .

Hireling, servant, attendant: amos .i. am-ḟos īarsinnī nāt gaib fos, sed de loco ad locum .i. ō luc .i. ō t[h]igerna dialailiu, Corm. Y 12 . na n-a.¤ gl. satilitum, Goid. 69.5 . amuis ríg a king's attendants, Críth G. 577 . cía lín di amsaib as choir do ríg?, 582 . a dhair ┐ a dhicinn ┐ a amhais, O'Curry 2500 ( Eg. 88, 40(41)d ). aicde amhus .i. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, 509 (H 3.18, 258). in t-a.¤ dona fes mathair nó athair, Ériu xii 144.4 (TE2). amhus no rechtaire, BCrólige 22 gl. 5 . a riocht amhois dorīacht Tadhg, ZCP viii 223 § 15 . asbert Feradach ní thibred a ingen do a.¤ , LL 287b2 . otá a.¤ co roich ríg, 204a35 . in tech mór milib a.¤ , 3549 . ? grengsait Laigniu laichaib d'amsaib / assa tírib , 4965 . a trí (sc. dath) i n-éadach an amhais, Keat. ii 1918 . cruadh-dháil na n-amhus crudelitas ministrantium, TSh. 6385 . aon amhus do rachadh im íolchruthaibh (of a poet), Hackett xx 10 . As abusive epithet: a amais anuasail ┐ a muidh modurdha `hireling', ZCP vi 282.10 . amhus `a reprobate' (of an unscrupulous administrator), O'Rah. xvii § 26 . a.¤ aen-tigi indoor or resident servant, Laws v 72.25 Comm. a.¤ ruin no raid no imacallma confidential servant, 24 Comm. , 74.13 Comm. See also under airéirge, 1 ben compds., coímthecht, coinnmed, 1 fer compds., mías, ríg-, 1 taithigid.

In special sense of hired soldier, mercenary: a Goill 's a amais imdha, ZCP viii 226 § 18 . amais ana imglici co laignib, Alex. 3 . imut Fiann imut amhus, ZCP xi 44 § 61 . iter . . . amsu ┐ anrada, CCath. 4531 . rucsat . . . amhsa righ Muman fair, AFM ii 946.13 . bró amhus, IGT Decl. ex. 598 .

Possibly collect. in following: a.¤ urrud . . . a.¤ deorad native hirelings, hirelings from outside the territory , Laws v 74.1 Comm. torchratar a n-a.¤ imdegla `household guard', Fianaig. 92.28 . thusa ┐ do mhuinntir: sgol amhas, ucairí, ghresuidhthe, etc., Luc. Fid. 5031 .

ar-léici

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-léici or dil.ie/4178

Forms: airlicid, airlighid, airlicud

v (* air-léic-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 563 ). Later as simple vb. airlicid, airlighid. Vn. airlicud.

(a) lets go, releases: co n-arleicthi a geill `that his hostages should be released', Dinds. 6 . ni arlaic a búachaill dóibide Dond C., TBC-LL¹ 2054 . nis arlaic sech ard a glúne súas (a ball), 901 . Abandons: a Chríst . . . / nach arlaic Bith co bith-búan `that didst not abandon B.', Metr. Dinds. iv 76.22 . Permits, allows: ni arlacair Medb ara turnta a carpat no ara scorthea a eich, LL 7877 ( TBC-LL¹ 408 ). ni arrlaic Midir Mide / in Líath dochum a thige, Metr. Dinds. iv 228.17 . ni arlaic Tadg in cath do thabairt co matain . . ., LL 328b39 . ni arlaic sochaide dib ina tírib fessin, Alex. 36 . ? con arlaic do . . . / siriud slán na saccraide, SR 3035 .

(b) lets out, lends: hondí asren ní araléicthar do `because he pays back anything that is lent him', Ml. 127a18 . arleicfither . . . dun pecthach gl. motuabitur, 57a13 . ní doromlad fadesin conrairleced do, 36a29 . asren fuilem fuaní arareilced do gl. reddit amplius quam accipit, 36a30 . ararelicc nechtar ai di araile what one of them lent to the other, O'Curry 831 ( H 3.18, 380a ). airlig trí haráin damh accomoda mihi tres panes, TSh. 8888 . eich ┐ ór airlicfe, Aithd. D. 20.10 . áirligidh sé don Tighearna lendeth unto the Lord, Proverbs xix 17 .

(c) In follg. perh. borrows: intí dianairlicther ni gl. fenerator, Ml. 127a15 (`is lent'). caínairlice, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 . See SGS vii 80 ). mar bhías ag a náirlictheach, is marsin bhías ag an té áirlictheas, Isaiah xxiv 2 . Part. airgiod airligthe borrowed money, Nehemiah v 4 .

Assardae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Assardae or dil.ie/4501
Last Revised: 2019

adj io, iā (cf. Assair) Assyrian: in popul a.¤ , Ml. 72b26 . asin doíre Asardai, Trip.² 36 . As subst. int asardae, Ml. 35b8 . do síl Nebroith atát Assardai, Sex Aet. 76 § 29 . ro-gab rígi na nAssarda, Sex Aet. 76 § 28 . in chonair tiagair i nAsardaib 'the path that leads to Assyria', Sex Aet. 82 § 40 . asna hAsardhaib, TBith.² 196 § 78 . ri tīrib Asardha, ITS xxxiv 58 § 28 . rīogha na nAssardha is Mead | tugais dōib[h] seal nar roib[h]eag 'you gave the kings of the Assyrians and Medes no small time [in power]', Ériu lxiii 50 § 5 .

bélrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bélrae or dil.ie/5638

Forms: bérla, bélre, bellrae, mbéelre, mbélre, bélri, bérli, belrai, bélru, belru, il-bélre, mbélre, il-béelre, il-bélrib, béarlaoi, berla

n io, n. also bérla (note -rl- in Wb. ex. cited below, see GOI 113 ). Later m.(bél). n s. bélre n-echtrann, Wb. 12c46 . cech mb.¤ , Ml. 42c12 , bellrae, 53d3 . a s. a mbéelre , Wb. 12d6 , mbélre, 13a2 . g s. bélri, Wb. 12a10 . bérli, 12d4 , belrai, Ml. 31b23 . d s. bélru, Wb. 12b23 , Sg. 31b13 , belru, Ml. 42c14 . a pl. il-bélre, Wb. 12c19 . g pl. inna mbélre , Wb. 13a26 . il-béelre, 12d7 . d pl. il-bélrib, 12b24 . Cf. a pl. béarlaoi, Timth. 1916, 38 , 38 § 14.

I

(a) speech, language: in belrai gl. ling[u]æ, Ml. 28b13 . máel dub fair ┐ belra formend leiss `stammering speech', BDD 114 ( LU 7599 ). ro chren a berla cach ṁbrúit his words (?) provided every history, LL 4424. bídh . . . / sbéis ag mnáibh i mbēarla mBriain, Magauran 230 . aslinge .i. absque linga .i. cen bērla nó tengaid, O'Mulc. 66. dúil bélrai glossary (belonging to the curriculum of the eighth year of poetic training) : duili bélraí (berla, v.l.) sicut est duil dromma cett (see 3 dúil) `Glossare' (182.21), IT iii 50 § 92.

(b) Of specific languages: ataat ilchenéle bérli isin biuthso gl. multa . . . genera lingarum, Wb. 12d4 . du cach belru la grecu `to every dialect among Greeks', Thes. ii 226.23 (PCr.). cech deidbli fil i mbērlæ is -ān nō -ēne dofūarusccuib, Corm. Y 1301. ced belrai inso (i.e. Latin), Trip. 128.7 . cen berla i tirib aneóil, SR 3448. gach son fordorcha gach berla `every obscure sound of every language', Auraic. 11. na dá bérlai (berla, v.l.) sechtmogat, Ériu iv 136.16 . ro fogluim an berla nEgebtacca, Laws i 20.9 Comm. tresan mberla Scoiteagdha, BB 38a30 . isin berla Grecdaí, ZCP xxx 101.6 . condat lia na cenela inaid na berlada, BB 3a9 . gen bérla in tíri i ndechatar, Celtica iv 18.10 . in berla i-n ro-genamar our native language, PH 5380. na berla ro cúmscaigit . . . ico'n tur, 5456 . o'n berla Ebraide, 5487 . o bélraib aingel (= 1 Corinth. xiii 1 ), 5909 . in Tenga Bithnua labhrustair o berlu angelacda `in the language of angels', Ériu ii 104 § 15.

Of the noises of animals: do berlaib cech mil bladmair, SR 7263. belra dligthech (spoken by birds) rational language, Ériu ii 118 § 54. béarla na n-éan, Measgra D. 56.23 .

Hence people, nation : ceneel na [= ná] belre, Wb. 28b1 . tuucthar hi cech belru gl. cunctis gentibus nota est, Ml. 42c2 . in lín catrach in cech threib ┐ in lín mbélra in cech cathraig, ┐ in lín doine im (leg. in ?) cech mbelra, LB 132b30 .

(c) In the mod. period specially of (the) English (language) : 'san mbérla, RC xxv 388 § 2. a hucht a bérla `relying on . . . her knowledge of the English language', AFM v 1530.12 . riaghail . . . S. Clára arna tionntúdh i ngaoidhilcc as bérla, Ériu xv 6 title. croinic Bhéarla Stanihurst, Keat. iii 5462. i Laidin i Scoitic ioná i mBéarla, Flower Cat. 574.z ( GJ xiv 714.67 ).

II In various technical phrases of special forms of language. Of the five divisions of Gaelic: cia lin cenel n-anmann . . . forsin ngaeidilg ? . . . a cóic .i. gaeidelg ┐ bérla teibide ┐ bérla Feni ┐ bérla n-etarscartha iter na feadaib aire[g]daib ┐ in gnath-bérla fognus do chach olcheana, Lec. Gl. 209. an Ghaedhealg . . . 'n-a cúig codchaibh, mar atá Béarla na Féine, Béarla na bhFileadh, Bearla an Eadarscartha, Béarla Teibidhe is Gnáithbhéarla, Keat. ii 140. b.¤ (Féine) (the language of) the Laws ; law, the legal enactments : epscop ┐ saoi berla féne, AFM ii 636.12 . brathchai .i. bretho Cai, ainm aicepta bēlri `a reading of law' (Index), O'Mulc. 125. condelg mbélri (mbearla, mberla, v.ll.), O'Dav. 843. roslá bérla breithemhan, LL 386a36 = sós la . . ., Leb. Cert.² 160.2 . suí Berla a doctor of the `Bérla Féine', Laws i 16.23 Comm. (of a Leinster king) ba hollom berla Féne, Metr. Dinds. iv 344.29 . Crith Gablach graece crisis .i. iudicium, nomen aiciuchta bēlrai, O'Mulc. 229. is e sin othrus is luga isin mberla, O'Curry 587 (H. 3.18. 290). Cf. Keat. ii 140 cited above.

For b.¤ (bán) biait see biait. Note also: imróefet fri berla / o Róim (glossed .i. imrádfit berla Románach), LU 9841.

b.¤ n-etarscartha: berla n-edarscartha etir na feadhaib language of separation between the vowels, Auraic. 210. See etarscarad. b.¤ (na filed) a poetic jargon, an artificial language practised by the poets, `part of the sixth year's course of the student-fili,' fili (for poems in B. na f. see Meyer, ZCP v 482 - 490 ; RC xi 125 , xiii 220 ). (of the ánrad poet) belru na filedh as a naicillidh cách dib aloile, O'D. 1214 (H. 2.15, 84a). b.¤ fortchide see 1 fortchide. b.¤ teipide, tóbaide the selected language, Gaelic , see teipe, teipide, tóbaide: go bhfuilid focail as gach aointeangaidh ar airleagadh san cheathramhadh mír don Ghaedhilg ré ráidhtear Béarla Teibidhe, Keat. ii 948.

bennacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bennacht or dil.ie/5661
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: beandacht, -aicht, -achta, bendachta, -ain, -an

n ā, f., less frequ. as n-stem (Lat. benedictum, -tio, see GOI § 727 ). beandacht, m. g s. -aicht, -achta, IGT Decl. § 25. bendachta, f. d s. -ain, g s. -an, § 8 .

(a) blessing: bendacht quasi benedicht a benedixione, Corm. Y 103. dobeirsom ainm bendachtan dond almsin hóre is la bendachtin doindnagar, Wb. 16d14 . ind bendacht doratad for abracham, 19b15 . amal duratsat sacaird tall bendachta forsin popul, Ml. 82c8 . oc tabairt bendachtae foir, Tur. 85. etir . . . almsanæ ┐ bendachtæ menci, Mon. Tall. 133.27 . co toroildind bendachtain do muintirisiu `that I might earn the blessing of thy folk', 136.28 . ni táraill in bendachtusin ar clanna `that blessing came not upon our children', Trip. 28.25 . robbé b.¤ Brigte fair, Thes. ii 349.9 (Hy. v). cf. Ériu xvi 67 § 6. ar nī fírḟlaith nad nīamat bī bennachtnaib (benachtoibh, v.l.) he is not a just prince whom the living do not glorify with blessings, ZCP xi 97 § 59. do thoradh na beannachta sin . . . rogen Aedan, BB 234a6 = na beandachtan, Irish Texts iii 4 § 9. tuc in t-athair a b.¤the father gave him his blessing, ML² 117 . dogeba bendacht in athar nemdai, PH 7385. cia dhib noraghadh ar bennachtain a tirib Leatha which of them, in return for a blessing, would go to the continent, ACL iii 5.29 . caide log na beandachtan ? . . . cia beandachtu . . . bendachta in peactaig, RC xlvi 237.12 , 22 , 24 . beannachta an fhíréin oghnaidh `the blessing . . . has brought profit', Studies 1918 , 99 § 11 ( IGT Decl. ex. 1275 ). búaine bladh a (an, v.l.) beannachta, IGT Decl. ex. 846. brígh an bennaicht, ex. 847 . ar daig co tucad a mbendachtain for a n-oigdib that they (viz. craftsmen) may give their benediction on their works (see Corm. Tr. 9 ), Laws v 98.11 Comm. mí bendachtan a month's grace, Metr. Dinds. iii 68.21 (see notes). bráth bennachtan (an imprecation ?), LU 6254 ( TBC-I¹ 1752 ). (cryptic) betchennacht .i. bennacht, Goid. 79 § 279 (Dúil Laithne) .

(b) In salutations: cf. oraoíd gl. beandacht, Celtica i 95.236 n. g. b.¤ dé ┐ ande fort, LU 6250 ( TBC-I¹ 1750 ). ní ḟargaib bennachtain. ┐ ni thuc a n-aill, LL 13373. beir-si bennachtain God bless you, ML² 1982. ro scarsat . . . fo bennachtain `parted . . . with benedictions', Cog. 132.16 . beannacht siar uaim go hEirinn, Studies 1920, 565 § 1 .

béo

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béo or dil.ie/5671
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: béu, béu, mbi, bii, -bíi, béoa, beó, bh, beó, bíe, beoloiti

adj o, ā. In O. Ir. also béu (note n. pr. Beuchell, Sedulius Scottus, Monumenta Germaniae, Traube). See GOI § 204 , § 206 , § 352 . n s. b.¤ , Wb. 10b27 . béu, 13d6 , Ml. 44c11 . a s. f. mbi, Laws iv 218.17 Comm. n p m. bii. Wb. 3b6 , -bíi, 3b7 . a pl. béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . duine beó, g s. beó, bh, IGT Decl. § 205. bean beó, g s. beó, bíe, § 139 .

(a) (i) as attrib. living, quick (ii) as predic. adj. alive . (i) eclás Dé bíí, Fél.² i 20. ité uiui in dóini bí, Sg. 39a23 . na heoin beoa do gabail to catch the live birds, TBC-LL¹ 1334. Crist gunig gach mbeathaidh mbi (: eabraidhi) `Christ who controls all living life', Ériu xvii 74 § 8 ( Laws iv 218. 17 Comm. ). gē dosanntaig bhetha[id] mbī / nīr tsechain Rí an alltair ē earthly life, ZCP vii 304.2 . i lámhaibh an Dé bheó (= Dei viventis), TSh. 5397. Of fire: do theinid bī, ACL iii 242 § 7. Of spring water: benaid in talum . . . ┐ tanic topar usce bíí ass, PH 1338. lively, spirited (of a combat): troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529.

(ii) céin bas mb.¤ in fer gl. uiuit, Wb. 10b23 . is cundubart leu indat bii gl. qui . . . se uiuere nesciunt, ZCP vii 482.12 ( Enchir. Aug. 75b ). an beó do thigerna ? BDD² 1519. ro hadnaiced na geill . . . ┐ siad beoa `the hostages . . . were buried alive', RC xxiv 184 § 17. madh beo na daoine, Content. xxv 8 . living, alight (of fire): ní béu cid in teni, Trip. 10.17 . For the phr. béo bocht see 1 bocht.

(b) As subst. o, m. a living being; in spiritual or mythological sense an immortal: oc ascnam tíre tairṅgiri inna mb. `the Land of Promise of the Living', Wb. 11a19 . dodeochad- . . . a tírib beó áit inna bí bás nó peccad, LU 9996. cen sa écnach nach bí `without reviling any living thing', Ériu iii 104 § 40. ar nī fírḟlaith nad nīamat bi (bíí, v.l.) bennachtnaib whom the living do not glorify, ZCP xi 97 § 59. totchurethar bíi bithbi the ever-living ones invite you (i.e. Conle, to come to the other-world Land of the Living), LU 10027. is cumma barrurim biu ┐ marbu dó in like manner he enumerated for him the living and the dead, TBC-LL¹ 4761. amail bid bēo nobeith ann, ACL iii 5.15 . do mess for bíu ┐ marbu `to judge the quick and the dead', Ériu ii 194 § 7. gan beó, gan baistedach / aram (leg. ar) bith [c]āemh cé no living creature, ZCP viii 212.15 . beo gach buainchethra, Metr. Gl. 31 § 60. In spiritual sense: créud íad na beóa ar a ttiobharthar breath ? who are the saved (?) who will be judged ? Parrth. Anma 1561.

(c) In phrases. Used with possess. pron. usually in sing.: ní col dó cid less ar mb.¤ et ar mmarb gl. siue ergo uiuimus etc., Wb. 6b20 . a beō nach óe do breith to bring any of them alive, TBC-I¹ 685. ragaid do beo no do marb you shall go dead or alive, TBC-LL¹ 1224 ( LL 8614 ). beannacht dá mbeó is dá marbh a blessing on them living and dead, Dánta Gr. 3.12 . ní suthain a mbí they do not live long, ZCP vi 261.29 . re na beo fen during his own life, BCC 33.

In phr. i mbíu alive (with gen. or possess. pron.) in the lifetime (of): nī dlegat a ndola i mbiu, Ériu vi 121 § 5. otáam inar[m]bíu / nochotacca cusindíu `since we have been alive', Trip. 140.13 . ar ropo námasom na bíu do Laignib `in his lifetime', RC vi 165.34 ).

(d) the quick of the skin: bheith ag dol i mbeó ar Dhia . . . lé dubháilcibh to cause distress to God, TSh. 2296. tairnge i mbeó (prov.), Hard. ii 408.9 . táirnge a mbeó go raibh ann do bhonn, Éigse vi 6.29 .

See argat.

Compds. With nouns: cenmotha beoalma, Anecd. ii 59.1 . -athair in leg. technical term mac(c) b.¤ -athar son of a living father, hence a son unqualified to make valid contracts: gach mac beoathur nad bi saor a chor, Laws ii 288.7 . trí nata[t] túalaing sainchuir: mac beo-athar, ben aurnadma, dóer flatha, Triads 151 . rucus rāith ar mac ṁbeoathar, ZCP xv 311 § 7. -bethu: mess ┐ beobethu animal fodder, ZCP xii 366.10 ( PRIA xxxvi (1923) 310.5 ). Cf. also ZCP xvi 203 - 204 . ¤búaid: ' sin chrích badba co mbeó-búaid (bladbuaid, v.l.) `of living excellence (?)' (Notes), Metr. Dinds. iii 372.6 . ¤chned: dire beocneidhi `the penalty for a non-mortal injury', BCrólige 39 n. 6 . ¤chride: ni minec bar mearughudh / isin brugh co mbeocraidhi with beating heart, IT iii 89 § 114. As attrib. ar da n-echaib . . . beochridi blenarda, LL 10358. lé clódh beóchroidhe bos `with sorrowful beating of hands' (?), Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 29. ¤chrod livestock: marggad beochruid bó ┐ (facs.) ech, LL 25108 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 480.1 ). ¤chruth: mic Metusalem do b'fhada bhí a mbeóchruith `in mortal shape', ITS iii 84.24 (1900) . ¤dartaid live calf: [d]ersaid bec beodartaid (beomartaid, v.l.). / mani tugedar (leg. tuigther, note) d'ilbíadaib, Ériu vii 6.12 . ¤dédail (?): Rind ┐ Faebur fegar / cen baegul ria mbeodedail, LL 20341 (untransl. Metr. Dinds. iii 272.6 ). ¤dil (leg. technical term, opposed to marbdil q.v.) animate possessions i.e. livestock: as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile: mad beodile, co n-as ┐ los ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 ( Laws ii 376.2 ). indile (.i. beo dile), O'D. 989 (H. 3.17, 853). ni tascnai fine, na orbu, na beodil, na marbdil `the live chattels', Laws ii 288.3 . ¤ḟedan: beo-ḟeadain . . . for feraib fedair `live carrying' (away on sick maintenance), BCrólige 58 . ¤gasrad: beóghasraidh `vigorous company', Studies 1920, 417. 18 . ¤idbart living offering: amal rundgab in beuidbart sin gl. uitulus, Ml. 87b9 . ¤mainchine service during life: bar mbéomaicne (mbeomainchine, v.l.) ┐ bur marbmaicne (marbmainchine, v.l.), Acall. 3506. ¤thlus livestock: fear ro ba saidhbhre i nErinn a mb.¤ , AFM iv 1128.18 .

Of fire: (?) ¤bruiden burning hostel: adcíat in daigid nduilig / 'na brainig don beó-bruidin (breó-, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iv 236.35 . ¤chaindell: fri beocaindle with burning candles i.e. clear testimonies of witnesses ( Bürgschaft 7 § 3 n. 2), ZCP xiii 20.7 . atait secht fiadnaise . . . ite secht mbeocaíndle and ro forosnad gae cach rig seven burning candles i.e. certain disastrous events accepted as evidence of his `falsehood,' Laws iv 52.9 . See BCrólige 58 notes. forath ni acair acht beo-cainneall a flaitheas . . . acht an tí dana taithnemach é amail caindill (sic leg., Stokes, Laws Crit. 8 ) mbi .i. mac flatha, ┐ ua aroile, Laws iv 380.3 . ¤grís living flame: co ro bheathaidhsiot beóghrís a seangomh, AFM vi 2054.2 . an tshacramuint-si . . . do bheith 'na béoghrís gacha subhāilce dhamh `stimulant' (Gloss.), Parrth. Anma 5122. ¤luisne burning flame, brand: ar clann Fheóraisne sa n-eachra / b.¤ i n-am debtha díbh, IGT Decl. ex. 179. ¤theine blazing fire: fúair bás ┐ beó-thenid (breo-, v.l.) `he met death in fatal fire' (viz. the burning of Bruiden Da Choca), Metr. Dinds. iv 236. 16 .

With adjj. derived fr. nouns: ¤bríathrach of living words: bennacht Brenainn beobhriathraigh, Anecd. ii 32 § 3. ¤tharrach, ¤thlusach possessed of live-stock: gnithi manach beothlusach, O'Dav. 1530.

With vnn., life-, (while) living: ¤élud (in Laws, in contr. with mairb-élud) abandoning, evading while living (the obligations of tenancy): fri beo-eludh, ZCP xiv 343 § 5 ( Laws ii 228.16 ). ¤léiciud: (of ensuring discharge of liabilities between co-tenants) sith aili no beolegud nascaither na smacta so iarsin `living deposits i.e. witnesses' (Mann. and Cust. i cxcii n. 347), O'Curry 31 (H. 3.18, 13a). ¤scarad (of the termination of a contract between flaith and tenant in the lifetime of the parties) separation during life: atait secht mbeoscartha do flathib ┐ a n-aiccillnib imis-fuaslaice[t] dligid do coraib, ZCP xiv 383 § 48 ( Laws ii 312.21 ).

As intensive prefix oft. meaning deadly: ¤chobra speech before death, farewell: beochobra Con Culaind isind ló fúair bás, LL 13845.

With second element expressing action causing danger to or deprivation of life. ¤bág: a topur na tonn táide / moambí bocur beó-báige `round which hung a threat of mortal import' (sic leg. Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iii 344.8 . ¤gletin deadly (?) combat: ba balc-gent co mbeó-gletin `mortal in conflict', Metr. Dinds. iv 188.24 . ¤marb slain: co fagbaindse a n-eltae beómarbae isnaib slébib, LU 9321. ¤chorach: flaith Dúine Bárc beó-choraig `of deadly-hurling D.B.', Metr. Dinds. iv 8.32 . ¤gonaid, ¤gonaigid wounds but doesn't kill (?), to the quick: bertatar cloic (sic) cach fir beógaíti leo ass, LU 8003 (BDD). māth bēoguin rogonae nech `a life-wound ', Cáin Ad. 44. R. do dul beoghonta dia thigh `severely wounded', AFM iv 690.3 . créad do bheoghnuigh snódh na gréine ? `what has deformed the features of the sun ?' O'Rah. 146.2. ¤loitte, ¤loittithe severely, fatally wounded: beoloiti, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 . rucad Conn beoloitide forin nGrencha .. . et sepulerunt , 1411.28 . ¤marbad act of slaying, killing: do bhualadh ┐ do bheomharbhadh to knock down and kill (viz. cattle), AFM v 1470.15 . ¤thollad act of piercing to the quick: beara . . . ré beó-tholladh bocht-anam ann, TSh. 6677.

With first element bí- see bícherb, bíchim.

1 bile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bile or dil.ie/5885

Forms: Bili

n io

(a) (large) tree; tree-trunk (?): b.¤ ` mast or tree ', P. O'C. fo b.¤ = sub arbore, Lat. Lives 30.12 . b.¤ n-orda, ZCP xx 219 § 6 . óen na primbili bís for faidchi primdúni one of the chief trees, LL 9122 (TBC). re hén ic ergi ós carr b.¤ , MR 300.11 . guth eoin bhinn do bhilibh, Ériu v 54.23 . tuitfit caora in bh.¤ bharrghlain (of the Yew of the Saints), SG 24.27 . b.¤ díghainn doislethan, SG 68.28 . gaithi burbi . . . ic brissiud barr ┐ biled, LL 32194 ( TTr. 1383 ). b.¤ feada `ancient tree' (as landmark), Laws iv 142.19 Comm. is bilida itad isan fhaicthi sea, 196.3 Comm. i bParrthas na mbileadh dtoirtheach, DDána 31.7 . b.¤ do thabhairt ar an gcrann mhór bhíos ar an mágh, Eochairsg. 8.34 . da chenel .lxx. do ceolaib concanad a b.¤ ┐ a blaith `its leaves' (perh. tree i.e. trunk and branches, as opposed to foliage and blossoms, but cf. bileóc), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . 'na bili trī ngablān ngeal (of the Trinity), ACL iii 242 § 13. (of Temair) ba dind n-ordnide . . . / ba borg-b.¤ `a castle like a trunk', Metr. Dinds. i 28.14 . (to the Cross) a bh. suairc dosghlan dlúith, DDána 2.11 . b.¤ barr-úr na beatha, TSh. 588. (of a family tree) as tú fréamha is bláth an bh.¤ `thou art the roots and flower of the tree', SGS iv 60 § 1.

Esp. ancient and venerated tree (see V.SS.Hib. clii-clv and O'Don. Suppl. s.v. bile): Eó Rossa. ┐ Eó Mugna ┐ Bili Da Thi ┐ Craeb Uisnig ┐ Bili Tortan. coic crand sin, LL 27646 ( Dinds. 160 ). unnius im Craeb Belaig Da Thi . . . in filid . . . . . . ┐ is uad ainmnigther Fir B., 27685 . Bili Tortan . . . ┐ Bili hUissnig, Ériu iv 150 § 29. (of the three famous trees of Ireland) ba hinmain na biledha / le claind comramaigh caem-C., ZCP v 22 § 4. ag bualadh b.¤ Themhrach, SG 68.38 . B. Aonaigh Maighe hAdhar, AFM ii 714.3 . co rothescsat a biledha (i.e. inauguration trees), AU ii 84.21 . B. Nathaben i tirib Ebrae (from its branches the shaft of the Cross was made), Ériu ii 118 § 53. fo bun in bili būadha magical tree (?), sacred tree (?), ZCP v 22 § 7. ar barr in b.¤ buada, MR 234.12 . na tri fiaich . . . cor'turrnsatar in ṁb. ṁbúada do bói ar in faichthe, Acall. 7059.

With defining gen. of trees of difft. genera: bili cuill hazel tree, Lism. L. 2387. bili giuis, Aen. 173.

(b) Transfd. scion, hero: na se bh.¤ , LL 394.10 . bíth in find-b.¤ `noble warrior', Metr. Dinds. iii 94.23 . Mael-Sechlainn . . . / bili Banba, barr Gaedhel `prop of B.', MacCarthy 424.14 . brass b.¤ , Auraic. 5158. ō b.¤ lāomdha Lemhna `hero', Ériu ix 177 § 6. (of Christ) a b.¤ an betha, Hib. Min. 43.10 . a bhean cheinnbhileadh Chrúachan `chief scions' (Notes), O'R. Poems 2700. ar mbuili (: uile), SR 150. in b.¤ buada bisig, SG 388.7 . righ Connacht . . . / ni b.¤ cen bithbuada, BB 268a2 . As n.pr. m. Bili, Corp. Gen. 199 note 6.

In nn. loc.: B. Methes, Corp. Gen. 89.26 . Fothairt B., 82.25 . Findbarr Maige Bili, Fél. Sept. 10. sech bun Baile in B., LL 10307. ? tar firu bile, BColm. 30.21 .

1 brat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brat or dil.ie/6568

Forms: broit, braite, broiti, brad, -id, -da, bruide

n us. as ā, f. Later also broit. a pl. braite, Alex. 939. broiti, ML² 311 (if form is genuine). broid f., IGT Decl. § 14 (69.3) . brad m. (g s., n pl. -id, -da), § 38 (87.18) . See O'Rahilly Ériu xiii 169.

(a) act of plundering, robbing ; spoil, plunder, robbery ; captive(s) as spoil : amal dundgniat geinti dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils', Ml. 63c18 . gat ┐ b.¤ ┐ guin daíne, BDD² 193. ic brait, ic borbgail, / ic slait ┐ ic sír-orgain, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.8 . a bhaclaig bāin imm brait on theft intent, Bruchst. 27 § 59. ar bradaibh na mbercc / rom-ain Íosa ard `against the ravages of the plunderers', Ériu iv 236.7 . co rugsat as a seoda . . . ┐ a brata `spoils', CS 206.9 . rorannsatt etarru in mbrait `the booty', TTr.² 168. ic roind na broiti, Ériu ii 20 § 3. berar . . . nas dáer na braiti those of the captives who are servile (in status), TBC-LL¹ 1696. do thriomsuigheadar a mbruid ┐ a mbótháinte leó `captives', ML 24.3 . siar ruc Midir in mbrait (: slait) báin `the fair captives', Metr. Dinds. iii 350.33 . broid mhór do mhnáibh do bhreith leo, AFM i 430.10 = praed mor, AU i 312.17 . b.¤ (: lat) ar n-erghe a hainbfine, Prolegomena 42 § 2 .

As defining gen. d'á breisim bruide by his overpowering onslaught, MR 292.4 . mna brodi, O'Gr. Cat. 12.5.

Legal presum. robbery by violence oft. coupled with gait presum. robbery by stealth , cf. ex. BDD² 193 above: fir ithus gait ┐ brait `of a man who eats (the gains of) theft and robbery' (not entitled to díre, etc.), Laws v 168.11 . cipe dib do ni gait ┐ brait, 54.23 Comm. nach athgabail do berur fri gait ┐ braitt 7rl. .i. . . . do gaduib . . . do braduib, 226.6 , 7 Comm.

(b) captivity, bondage : bruid, bráighdeanas, daoirsi, Eg. Gl. 57. cenél na pagán nobbérat i mbrataib as bar tírib `into bondage', Ériu ii 196 § 10. cor muidh forsna Gallu ┐ co tuctha iat fén a mbruit, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.). co brait ṁBabilōin until the Babylonian captivity, ZCP iii 18.16 . ba sí bruit Babilone na hErenn . . . ba tanaisti na (no, MS.) bruiti ifirn, RC xvii 342.1 , 2 (Tig.). CS 226.20 . an inghean d'ḟagháil bhroide the fact that the woman was in prison, DDána 37.8 .

(c) In classical lang. in generalized sense bondage, affliction, hardship : an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí ` grief ', Dán Dé ii 23 . na bhrad do bí ar in mnaísi, IGT Decl. ex. 1030. broid ar nach faghar faichill `a defeat ', Aithd. D. 50.14 . fúaradar uaithe broid `suffered hardships' (from the attack of a serpent), Duan. F. i 79.4 .

In chevilles: truagh an bhrad, Dán Dé xv 4 . anba an bhroid (of an injury to the foot), Keat. iii 370.

Compds. With nouns: berait bratgabhail moir do ḟeraibh et mnaibh leo, Anecd. ii 15.14 . dobeir . . . bratgaisced a muntiri leis he brings the weapons of his companions as spoil (`Beuterüsting', Wortk. 1 ), LU 8882 ( FB 67 ).

With adjj. : amus bratbertach, Dinds. 1 ( RC xv 281 § 8 ). (?) ós Bregmaig bratrūaid `B. of stout forays', Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 14.

1 cacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cacht or dil.ie/7531
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -a

n g s. -a.

(a) person in bondage, slave : admider de .uii. cachta cichside crissa, secht moda mogu (sic) fíthe mórgníma moghsaine I adjudge therefor seven slaves which girdles will encircle(?) (judgement of Sencha), O'D. 2204 (Nero A vii, 141b), cf. c.¤ .i. cumal nó innillt, ut est secht cachta cichsite crissu, O'Dav. 345 . admiudur de secht cactu (.vii. cumala, LB) cichsite crísu, Corm. Bodl. 16 (s.v. mann). c.¤ .i. cumal .i. bantraill, O'Mulc. 265 . c.¤ .i. cumhal, O'Cl.

(b) bond, fetter; bondage, captivity, confinement : manimthair c.¤ na cumrech, SR 1280 . di ócbáe . . . / alloeg fo gaile cachta, 5427 . dosrat fo chrúach cachta, 6739 . fofuctha i cachtaib co cían / is in carcair co Iosíaph, 3264 . Petar fo ch.¤ cuibrig, Gorm. 1 . mo máthair do brith a c.¤ , Ériu iv 98.2 . is comus cachta berar [for] uisque hi tirib Gréc `power of impounding', Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). rogabta i cact they were taken prisoners, AU i 336.11 . Of sieges: rogabadh c.¤ foraib i mMaen Chonain they were besieged, AU i 374.13 . slogad la D. . . . do ch.¤ for Gallu Atha Cliath `to besiege', 458.4 . ar a n-gabtis c.¤ dicein fris in longport, 434.20 . ? Of impounding cattle: [g]aibiut baetha cachta indliged, Laws ii 76.19 . ? Of obligatory service: ni dleaghar . . . cáin na c.¤ , Leb. Cert. 124.16 . ? is indligthech do rig na tecmalla dail cachta do indechad in uilc, H 3.18, 249.13 . Note also: fo chléire cachta, SR 5991 . cléir chachta `band of bondmen', Metr. Dinds. iii 158.17 .

(c) In fig. and extended uses. Duress, hardship; asceticism : da raibh i ngalur no i c.¤ , Ériu xix 8 § 9 . dogné túaslucud cachtae (cachta MS.) `practise deliverance from bondage' (rule for holy life), Ériu i 198.5 . robu inmuin c.¤ (of the religious life), 138.13 . fiad na slógaib i sír-ch.¤ `trance', Metr. Dinds. iii 224.14 . Esp. of fasting : iar sirc.¤ in chorgis `after the long privations of Lent', Mon. Tall. 156.6 (§ 68) . iar mbuaid cravaidh is cacta, Ériu xix 12 § 4 . c.¤ .i. trosgadh, O'Cl. c.¤ .i. gorta, Lec. Gl. 291 . Stowe Gl. 267 .

Constraint, compulsion (almost equivalent to gess, Plummer MS. notes): ro gaib Fuaimnech . . . c.¤ for rigraid Teamrach cin digh cin biadh . . . co ro ícdais i dalta fria, O'Curry 2361 ( Eg. 88, 28 (29)a ). c.¤ do gabail for rigraid Erann, 2363 (ib.).

Of the body (regarded as a prison after the fall): lecid mo chorp . . . / inna ch.¤ cen chumscu[gu]d, SR 2058 . Perh. also nocon alaind mar atai / cid ardotralaid hi c.¤ ? 1307 . luid . . . asa ch.¤ (of the death of Colum C.), LU 653 . a alt a olcc / a ch.¤ a chorp, IT iii 84 § 75 . mo brig brig ro scaich a c.¤ , YBL 316b19 . Note also: Lugaid . . . / rocrīch a c.¤ / fo gné glaine . . . his life, ZCP xii 379.21 .

(d) Various: ós Charmun c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 8.87 . ro cuiread in cath go c.¤ , Todd Nenn. lxix 23 ( BB 43b11 ). Cf. c.¤ common, general ; fa c.¤ generally , O'R.

Common in chevilles: a Christ cen ch.¤ , ZCP i 497.9 . rotfīa mo chen-sa cin c.¤ , vi 266 § 7 . búaid cen ch.¤ , LU 3753 ( SCC 54 ). bad adba chaingen can ch.¤ , SG 366.29 . Críst . . . mór da c.¤ , BS 32 . deoda in c.¤ , Fél. xxv § 7 . cialla c.¤ , SR 2335 . caṅgnib gleraib, gloraib c.¤ , 4569 . fo chucht c.¤ , 6169 . cuairt c.¤ , 6551 .

As n. pr. C.¤ mac Ilguine, ZCP viii 217 § 6 .

In n. loc. rí Cairn Chachta, LL 24089 .

Compd. cēsud do c[h]uirp c[h]achtbāin pale from bondage, ZCP viii 232 § 3 .

Callacda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Callacda or dil.ie/8057

pn (based on Lat.): do litrib Asarda ┐ C.¤ Chaldaean, BB 301a48 . sen-athair na Callacdai, Rawl. 77a20 . a tírib Kallacda, Todd Lect. vi 61.6 . Cf. Caldaide.

cíall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cíall or dil.ie/8983
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cíal, ciall

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 . Also somet. cíal in O. Ir. Glosses and in poetry. nessu célaib .i. nesso ciallaib, LL 24378 . cēill: budéin, ZCP xiii 245.6 .

(a) Of persons sense, intelligence, mind : nípí ciall la nech dogní insin, Wb. 29b11 . druáilnithe a ciall gl. corrupti mente, 30c18 . nad mbí ciall la nech disluindi dliged remdeicsen `has no sense', Ml. 50d1 . nech lasnabi ciall, 50d2 . co mber[at] á céill n-erru, 20b11 . co céill ┐ chond, LU 3910 ( SCC 42 ). rom-snáidet . . . / cund, céill, curp com anim, Fél. Ep. 52 . nocho fom' cheil-si / dochuaidh do chial, IT iii 93.22 . leig as in drochciall fora tai ┐ dena mu chomairli-sea `folly', Aen. 576 . it ferr cīalla oldās cīall two heads are better than one, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . ni techta cond 'na ceill fo-mic, Laws v 510.4 ( ciall . . . fomac, SM Facs. 1b ) glossed ciall codnaid, 20 . tanic trell dia ceill, LU 4029 ( SCC 48 ). ar ḟebas do chrotha ┐ do ceille, 8226 ( FB 17 ). bae c.¤ dunetta aice (of Dond Cúailnge), TBC-LL¹ 6162 . ní réid la céill mbuirp in se `uncouth intelligence', Blathm. 159 . Mugain miadmas co morchéil, TFerbe 824 . in tan . . . roaisicc Dia a chell dó, Grail 3750 . ata saillechta cella (sic) do (of a minor), Laws ii 46.18 Comm. Ailbhe í ar chéill 's ar chuimhne, DDána 99.2 . seacht gcathaoireacha céille (of the daughters of Humility), 55.15 . cíalla glice na ngente, Celtica i 96.260 . dá chrádh céille éadair ann a twofold grief of mind is to be found therein (of death of chieftain), DDána 110.16 . ar mearughadh céilli, Mac Aingil 111 . com[h]lán i ccéll ┐ a ccorp `sound of mind and body', RSClára 114b .

More particularly wisdom, good sense, skill : rángadar na teachta re céill, ┐ re conailbhe, ┐ le hairmhidin `wisely(?)' (`charged with submission'), ML 104.22 . ar sith, as tre cheill do righneadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 12.16 ( Lec. 272 vb26 ) = iar sisd is iar ceill dorigneadh, BB 23a16 . in rigan ecnaid óg ḟial / tochur ria no co degciall, LL 19297 . tre cell ┐ tre comairli, CCath. 6161 . cend comhairle ┐ céille . . . Connacht (of dead chieftain), AFM ii 1132.8 . Of course of action, ní c.¤ with Vn. it is unwise to, it is imprudent to: nior chiall bheith ag ar mbrosdadh sensible thing, Aithd. D. 3.6 . ní ciall déanamh dearmaid, DDána 14.13 . ní fhuil chéill id dhearadh dhún `twere senseless of Thee to disown me', Aithd. D. 77. 31 . níor chiall uadh it was not wise of him, Ériu i 97.30 .

In transf. sense of a person: gabh, a chiall, mo chomairghe, DDána 67.6 .

(b) Of bodily senses: do chiallaib gl. ad sensus, Sg. 139a1 . cóig cialla cuirp `his five senses', Ériu xvi 135 § 56 . maithi a roisc na nabocc maithi a cialla, v 236.83 . mo chúig cialla 'gum brath bíd, Dán Dé ix 3 . Of feelings, emotions : srian léd chéill níor chuireabhair, Content. xxiii 5 . do oscail se a cial, Smaointe B. Chr. 5250 . Cf. ní frith luth seirce sóerligi / na celle conom thicse, LU 8329 ( FB 24 ).

(c) In a variety of more general applications intention, cause, reason, idea : in chiall toḟaiscthe `der Verstand des Herauspressens' (one of the cóic conara fugill), Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . rinne nir chuimseach a ciall (of a monster), Duan. F. i 79.9 `intention regarding' (Gloss.). flaith nime d'Eochagān (sic leg.) ān / is lān a chridhe dia chēill attention, ACL iii 308 § 32 . fa clé an chiall a perverse intention, Dán Dé xxvi 29 . ann adlecthar mesi fein / . . . rim cheill `with my consent', Fen. 304.8 . cion na sainte / . . . ag sin ciall chaillte na hanma (of the sin of avarice), Dán Dé xxxi 37 . ar iomad ele do chialluibh certa `for . . . many other just reasons', RSClára 95a . ní gan chéill do adhuin t'fhíoch, Aithd. D. 84.27 . caidhe nach córa an chiall `how much greater reason', RSClára 104a . ciall mo gháiri ní léir linn, O'Gr. Cat. 346.34 .

(d) Of words, texts, etc. signification, meaning: ciarid-beram a céill though we express their sense, Sg. 26b2 . immaircide frisin ceill `suitable to the sense', Ml. 27d22 . sechis in chiall gl. intentio (psalmi), 61a29 . forsin dib ciallaib fil isind emulari , 56b37 . huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. huiuscemodi verba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . issí inso sís a chiall gl. est sensus, Ml. 50c1 . a folad ┐ in chiall gl. vis et significatio, Sg. 27a8 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 39 . etir cheill ┐ fhogur, LB 241a marg. inf. iar ceill Cirine in Jerome's meaning (of the word), Hib. Min. 9.292 . do-ghén . . . míniughadh céille ar an rádhsa, IGT Introd. 24.12 . re saoibh-chiallaibh `by foolish etymologies', Content. v 8 . ag buain ceille maithe ass, BCC 300.31 . cialla na n-aislingedh, Grail 2679 .

Of grammatical forms force, function, meaning : hua cheill gníma ┐ chesta, Sg. 77a7 . ciall sechmadachti `the sense of a past', Ml. 98c10 . chiall ainsedo, 67d24 . is ilar són hua cheill `it is plural in sense', 45b20 . aithne ar chíalluibh uathaidh ┐ iollraidh, IGT Introd. 2.16 .

(e) In phrases. slán céill safe and sound: no theighdis slan ceill dia tigh, Blathm. 38 . ní ris sís slán céill, BS 72.20 . for (ar) céill in one's senses: mairg dobēradh cath don fēin / da mbet ar cēill, Fianaig. 80.1 . intan nobid Comgan for ceill, Ériu v 20.7 . airis for ceill, MR 8.16 . guais nach bear ar chéill choidhche `I may never have sense', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 2 . cond céille = c.¤: nír chond ceille in col, LL 4378 . arnacha-ndechrad a chond ceille, TBC-LL¹ 1709 . c.¤ chodnaig: ecodnach da frisciter ciall codnaigh `who is expected to come to the use of reason', Laws iii 156.25 Comm. iar tiachtain ceilli codnaig do, v 218.23 Comm. ciall chapaill little or no sense, Mac Aingil 6140 . in ti ac na bi faitechus ceille use of reason, Laws v 508.22 Comm. ( SM Facs. 1b ). táinic an chiall bhreugach chuige .i. an codladh, ITS v 38.23 . étrommae céille loss of reason, insanity : táinic édtruma chéille . . . dó, CF² 450 . Cf. édromacha chéille, Luke xxiv 11 . In chevilles: dia do chéill, DDána 54.15 . fo chiall `good the sense', Blathm. 19 .

Phrases with vbs. do-alla, gataid, benaid, céill di gives up (hope of), despairs of: talsat a céill di ṡaíre, LL 31490 (TTr.). antan . . . tallus mo chéill dia thorbu dam, Ériu iv 134.10 . See 1 do-alla. iar ngait cheilli dia n-anmain `after losing all hope of life', ZCP i 406.11 . See gataid. do ben gach neach díbh ciall dá anmain, CF² 736 . iar m-ben . . . do chelli dia bethaid, LB 143a33 . ba buan ceille do chabhair, Stair Erc. 1537 . mairg bheanas chéill don chruinne (`to try to understand'), Magauran 643 . ben do cheill . . . dot tir ┐ dot talmain exi de terra tua, Lism. L. 707 . See benaid. See díscaíl. With cuirid: gur bo marb mórán do clandaib C. ar cur céille do'n cathimresan (`after the effort of screwing themselves up for the fight'), Caithr. Thoirdh. 127.24 . tráth do chuirset céill do'n cath (`when they were baulked of the fray'), 128.1 . Note further: do chuaidh a ciall do'n cathírghail they lost hope of, Caithr. Thoirdh. 99.15 .

do-cuirethar ar chéill (for céill) calls to mind: torala Dia ar cheill do degnimu `let God bring to mind', Ml. 43b15 . intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar céill `when it is . . . kept in mind', Ériu ii 136 § 122 . tachraid forcéill ┐ airem daib seanchassai . . . bar múinntire, Alex. 191 . na healtain do chor ar céill / as blogh d'ḟertaibh in ḟíréin, IGT Decl. ex. 303 . With difft. constr. foceird mo ceill im drungo, LMU 17 (Eg.) `my reason is agitated about the hosts', (LMU2). Later with cuirid and personal object recalls to reason, to sense : a chur ar céill gér chás deacair (of conversion of St. Augustine), DDána 59.11 . meisge an phobail . . . / ní hobair mná a chura ar céill `to bring them to reason', PBocht 9.23 . buime an leinbh (sic leg.) gá gcur ar céill (of Mary consoling the holy women), 13.15 .

cuirid i céill expounds, proves, declares : ní mór dod mhaith chuire a ccéill, Bard. Synt. Tr. 228.17 . lá in Chairn a gcéill cuirfidhear `will be ever remembered', O'Hara 123 . cuir-se i gcéill `explain', A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 10 . as fer tengtha (sic leg.) eile do chuiredh a ceill dó gach ní da n-abradh C.C. ris, BCC 262.32 . m'éigse i gcéill muna chuirinn, Aithd. D. 46.4 . cuir do bhagar i gcéill thuaidh / más ann creidfidhear é uaibh, Content. xviii 168 . ionnus go gcuirfeadh i gcéill do'n léaghthóir nach fuil tabhacht i seanchus Éireann `might give the reader to understand', Keat. i 50.3 . Note also: níor chuir Brian céill na cheanaibh ignored, Content. xiv 18n. ciall do chur san iompódh to take heed of the change (? but see Ed. note), PBocht 22.2 .

do-gní céill takes thought; employs skill : do-ghéanadh chéill rem cháineadh `he would take thought before reviling me', Aithd. D. 74.17 . Cf. nī faigebthar-side itir . . . acht ma doronad cēill occai, TBC-I¹ 1576 = dorónaid ceill glossed ceilg, LU. Cf. nī rādh go cēill (.i. go ceilgg), ZCP v 487 § 15 (B. na f.) = ciall .i. cealg, O'Curry 1464 ( H 3.18, 651 ). fris-cuirethar céill see fris-cuirethar, frecor.

gaibid céill for, g. for céill expects : hó ro gaibther c.¤ for riuth s ... (? scíth or séim) 'when a tiring (or easy) pace is expected', Wb. 13b13 , Ériu xxxiii 165 . argaibidside céil for báas in tain téte don chath `expects death', 9a3 . fiadnaise fir galair gabes ceill for eccaib, O'Curry 1617 ( 23 Q 6, 6 b ). diä dardāin gabus-sa / cēill for ingnais maicc m'athar, Bruchst. 52 § 116 ; 'on Thursday I expected the death of my father's son' Ériu xxiii 49 . ra gabsat céill ar a mbreith i tírib ciana, LL 31491 (TTr.). o ro gab ceill for anad, LU 2249 ( FA 31 ). is in coiged uair . . . intan rogabsat cell for a collad ┐ for a cumsanad re seitfidaigh na natrach settled down to, BB 495a16 . ro gabsat ar céill . . . comallad fir na faistine, 429b25 . do gabatar ar chéill gan chunntabairt gurab é in Clárach . . . adchonncatar `imagined', Caithr. Thoirdh. 51.4 .

For ciall .i. tionol, O'Dav. 362 see fo-cíallathar II.

Compds. With nouns.: domrimart gáir na gáithi / im chotlud co cíall-báithe `with vacant mind', Metr. Dinds. iii 226.10 . in fitir for cialbann clú / cia dú cosatiagam dé? SR 7967 . iar ccur do Brian . . . Maolseachluinn Mór as a chiallchogair confidences, Ériu i 105.7 . conad hí ar comcisiu ┐ cottomus ar ciallḟer, LL 32429 (TTr.). cīallḟlaith . . . con gaib side a chrícha cen choscru cen chernu a prudent ruler, ZCP xi 86 § 46 . ciall-gháis Chormaic `wisdom', MR 116.14 . ciallrunugud aicnid, Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . ciallrunugud cert caid, 27.9 . la ciallrunugadh eir[i]c, Laws iii 408.9 Comm.

With adjj.: tricha robhi in ciallbhog caemh / ina ri Diarmoíd na ndhamh simple-minded(?), BB 57a15 . ? is imdha duine data / ┐ cuire is cialbhrata (: dhíarmada), IT iii 68.17 . fear . . . cunnail craibhtech cíallchonaich resourceful(?), RC xii 320 § 1 . saī coitcenn, ciallconaigh, AU iii 46.6 . See féchemanda. co glice ciallgaesmar, Stair Erc. 298 . bhí sé ciallghlan diadha, Hackett² xxx 154 . mná cori ciallmathi, LU 3888 ( SCC 40 ). gnúis meicc Cairne cíallmíadcha (-miacha, v.l.) `of noble sense', Ériu iv 94.14 . macc slattraim síl Chuind cíallmór, Ériu iv 104.8 . Cf. i nDaim Liac Ciannāin canair / marb hua ciallmair Congalaig, Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25 (see Ed.'s note). na ceithre comhfhocail . . . chumaidhi chialltarctheacha `expressive maxims', MR 90.4 . fer nár certmur cialltreabar, BB 427b30 .

With vb. ¤rúnaigid(ir). Legal. considers carefully; decides after deliberation: nach claoine eile ciallrunaigther ann .i. feall no éithach, O'D. 795 ( H 3.17, col. 570 ) = ciallrunaither, O'Curry 2395 ( Eg. 88, 31a ). cocrathar urchonn urthach .i. ciallrunathar uasal testugh (leg. testughad) ona codhnacha, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 D 6, 37 a ). na cocra cert .i. nech na ciallrunaigenn, Laws iii 34.18 Comm.

cían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cían or dil.ie/9003
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cén, cíana, cíana, chíana, ciana, cían, céin, céin, géin

Arch. cén ( Ériu ix 48 § 23 , xvi 146.7 below). The follg. may contain a by-form cíana: ed cíana , Harl. 5280, 42b (cited Meyer Contribb.), TTr.² 499 , hi tir chíana , Trip.² 1438 , if not attrib. gen. of the abstract cíana, q.v. Cf. also cu ciana , LL 13576 ( Irish Texts i 33.10 .).

I As adj. o, ā long, enduring; far, distant : c.¤ .i. fada, O'Cl. Attrib. of time: ho etartetarcur cián `at a long interval', Ml. 88d13 . sechmadachta ṅ-ocus ┐ c.¤ , Thes. ii 229.26 . fri ed cián for a long time, TBC-LL¹ 1846 . íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain 17.12 . ra charusa in laech út uair chéin for a long time, TBC-LL¹ 4560 . loc dam-sa . . . co hūair chéin, ZCP viii 312.2 . tri rei ciana `for a long time', Ml. 90d14 . iar reib cianaib, Ériu xvi 36.5 . dolodar . . . filid . . . riab cianaib iarsna gnimaib-sea (`a little time'), Auraic. 149 = reib chianaiph, 2452 . roan . . . fri ré ciana = multis diebus, Lat. Lives 4.9 . bui iarum imale fri Fergus re ciana, Ériu xvi 37 § 1 . fria rē ciana, Grail 629 . bai cocad mor etarro fri re ciana iarsin, RC xxiv 186.9 . le headh gcian, Aithd. D. 52.5 .

Of place: i crīchaib cīanaib, ACL iii 224.20 . adclos ua na (fana v.l.) crichaib ciana comaidchi, TTebe 694 . écndairc cian ut ille gl. absenti, Sg. 138a2 . i cendachaib cianaib in domain, PH 5500 . tancatar a tirib ciana, 5497 .

Of persons: Colmān cian of yore, Corp. Gen. 126.2 . Conán máol coinntinneach c.¤ `wearisome (?)', Duan. F. ii 258 § 37 . Corpre comramach c.¤ (: fírian), LL 15741 . Nial c.¤ Caille `old', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 .

Other applications: ce beo i tairisium chian, Airne F. 138 . gidh céim c.¤ , BS 120.15 . faghail chian distant, Magauran 4396 . in cú ch.¤ (: níad), LL 29333 .

Predic. with copula, usually long (of time): ni ba cián ṁbete oca cloinib, Ml. 28a10 . nipi c.¤ a masse in choirp lasting , Wb. 28c25 . ni ba cian mbias in pecthach, Ml. 56c22 . ni ba cián ṁbete and, 66d14 . is cián arfolmas dún in sin, Wb. 21a2 . as cian do rairngredh, Blathm. 127 . is cian bus cuman, TE 9 (Eg.). domun dīan / cia bether fair nī ba cīan, ZCP vii 498.5 . cian bhus bladh, Aithd. D. 21.36 . as cian ata an sean-fhocal, MR 286.21 . Of space: is c.¤ etarru `far', Ml. 119d10 . im fochróib bá c.¤ `whether at hand or afar', Sg. 151b2 . ré nách c.¤ , LU 1992 ( FA 6 ).

In phrases. is c.¤ co it is long till (freq. with neg. shortly, soon): niba ch.¤ (leg. c.¤ ? Edd.) cu forcenn á saiguil gl. instare tempus, Ml. 56d7 . níbí cian conid apail, 91d2 . mad c.¤ co tari a fobdhub if it is not immersed quickly (a spear), BDD² 1237 . nirbo chian co toracht C.C. in sligid cetna, LU 8530 ( FB 39 ). nir-bo chian do Chonchobor . . . co facca, CRR 11 . ní cian . . . co teccema frit-sa é, Grail 2665 . Note also: nir cian d'Ercuil . . . in tan nocunnuic in rí E. soon saw, Stair Erc. 463 .

is c.¤ ó it is long since, far from. Of time: is c.¤ ós accobor lemm far ríchtu I have long wished to come to you, Wb. 7a3 . is cian . . . o rot carus, Grail 2359 . robo cian o nach facca-som iad, 1550 . mairg nach cian ó dchualabhair, Content. xi 4 . cian ód cualadh, Keat. Poems 1357 .

Of place: ni cian huaib imbíat `not far from you where they are', Mon. Tall. 151.9 . ni c.¤ úait here he is, IT i 71.20 . is c.¤ uait . . . airm in-das-fil, TBC-LL¹ 884 .

In disjunctive phrases with gar: cid c.¤ cid gair gl. quanto tempore, Wb. 3c5 . cēn gair cech fān imthéit lēn `sooner or later every wanderer comes to grief', Ériu ix 48.23 . cian gar dom beith it ingnais `whether I be a long or short while away from thee', LL i p. xvi 11 . c.¤ garit co bráth, 307a8 ( SG 386.18 ). gēr c[h]ian gar, ML² 156 . As quasi-conjunction however long, as long as, while : cián gar ro batar for innuropair sin, TBC-LL¹ 2038 . cien goirit boi C. ig a díchur dhe, 2302 . co na baoí tesbhaidh neith . . . cian gairitt battar hisuidhe, AFM vi 2276. 11 . cid c.¤ gairit ro bás . . . atrochair . . . , Acall. 4736 . cian gar co toirset nóim ind until (?), 2673 (cid cian gairit no co tí, v.l.). See 1 gar.

With prep. LA: rochīan limsa anad fri sodain I am not prepared to wait that long, TBC-I¹ 375 = c.¤ lim-sa di shodain, TBC-LL¹ 881 . ba cian lasin righ boi an t-ara tall, BNnÉ 323 § 33 . cian lem . . . / tren tucc fa toirrsi m'aignedh it grieves me(?), 254.21 . fada ar saoghal d'éis na bhFian / ní cneasta ná badh cian linn if I did not find it tedious, Measgra D. 71.22 . cíen liom 's ní ar a ghrádh `I long for', Duan. F. ii 162 § 28 . Note also: is c.¤ dúni beith acot irnaidi, TBC-LL¹ 991 .

Adv.: in ch.¤ gl. diu, Ml. 38b4 . Cf. níbu in c.¤ (níbuncían, MS.) riam gl. non multo ante, 32b17 . ro clos cian son a garma `far', Thes. ii 312.16 (Hy. ii) glossed: fo Herinn. co c.¤ dar éis na haband `till long after', Metr. Dinds. iii 168.20 . co cíen `continuously', Ériu xix 10 § 5 . iar tochaithem a bethad dó . . . co cian i fhechtnaigi, PH 4296 .

II As subst. ā, f. (elliptical for ré c.¤ , Zimmer KZ xxx 26 - 27 ). a long time, period : triasna cíana cotaislia .i. trisin ré cian, LU 985 - 6 ( ACC 90 ). is cian mór ó 'tbaltsa, 9496 . baoi cian d'aimsir ag coimhmeasgadh flaithis na Rómha `a length of time', Keat. i 226.19 . mainistear . . . do bhí cádhasach cian d'aimsir, iii 1345 . In: re cian do bhliaghnuibh, Párl. na mB. 390 and re cian d'aimsir, Parrth. Anma 6000 re (see 1 ré) may be noun and cían adj. le cianaibh for ages, Hackett² 21.15 . Of distance: is c.¤ do thír már do muir / eturru is Imlech Ibair, ZCP viii 327.36 . In cheville: céin n-gle `temps glorieux', RC xvii 282 § 6 .

In a variety of adv. phrases. Without prep. (cach la céin) . . . in céin n-aili: cach la céin aisndís dia throgai in céin n-aili aisndis dind fortacht durat Dia do at one time . . . at another, Ml. 40b8 . in céin n-aili `at another time', Sg. 8a9 . in céin n-aili gl. nunc, Ml. 39d12 . Cuaird Comgi Michíl, Cuaird Comgi Muire a n-ainm laisim i cen n-ale (of Hymn to Michael and Hymn to Mary) `respectively', Mon. Tall. 137.20 . Note also: dī-cechlacēin is diultad, alaill is aidbliugud, Corm. Y 418 . nach céin (with neg. vb.) any long while: arna bether ocu nach cein, Mon. Tall. 164.17 (§ 89) . ní beind nach céin i ndamnad, KMMisc. 212.11 . See also 1 nach. Various: atat connarc cein `long ago', Blathm. 102 § 38 (if not céin = féin, cf. tá chéin, for M. Milscothach silence a while(?), BDD² 447 ). is cīan mór hūadh ō dac[h]ótar mo chíghi-si i ndīsca, Cáin Ad. 8 . cian mór uadh `long ago', CCath. 4067 . ro-haidnaiced is cian uad `long ago', PH 657 . do foillsighed dó c.¤ suil do thicfed long before he was due, BNnÉ 328.22 .

For céin mair (with céin used as preverb, GOI 241 ) see maraid. Note further: cein do mhair, Blathm. 207 and n. to 825 . canais moir, 34 , see n. to 133 . can mair in clercin `long life to the little cleric', Ériu v 236.74 . cēnmair Ulltaib, TBC-I¹ 3424 = bochin Ultu, TBC-LL¹ 5748 . bo chinmaír rissa ṅ-gebat, 5707 = cen mair, TBC St. 4709 . Cf. nī gcēinmair doraa an māin (.i. ní mogenar dochonnaic an eladha), ZCP v 488 § 7 (B. na f.). céin mair seems to have influenced céin móir in later language occasionally giving céin máir (see below).

With CO: co céin móir for a long time, LU 5230 ( TBC-I¹ 752 ).

With DI from of yore, long; from afar : ba di chein `from of yore', Blathm. 98 . do-arrchet di chéin no mbiad adrad dǽ la genti gl. sicut scriptum est, Wb. 6d8 . o Adam co dilind dein / in chet-aimser daib dichen, Lec. 30 vb10 . is do chéin gid so afar, TBC-LL¹ 4689 . can dodeachaig? . . . ní do chein, YBL 174a40 . boi . . . Petur i cómitecht Ísu do chéin, PH 3135 . do chéin mair anall, 7046 (see céin mair above). do ch.¤ nó do c[h]omhfhogus `from far or near', Duan. F. ii 62 § 12 . Also in pl.: robadar cethtri cridiscél liom-sæ de chianaib `I have long had four darling wishes', Mon. Tall. 136.20 . As quasi-adj.: sen-briathar do chéin `from of old', Celtica iv 10.41 . Tuatha De Danann dochein, Lec. 58a10 = BB 31a41 . ar ṡeirc ind óclaích . . . di chéin, LL 31153 ( TTr. 336 ).

With ÍAR: in chaingnímai aili is iar ceín rofinnatar after some time, Wb. 29a30 . iar cein, PH 1024 . iar cein shortly, Aisl. Tond. 105 § 3 . íar cēin móir, BColm. 70.18 . iar ccein máir iarsin, BNnÉ 90.24 (see céin mair above). iar ceín mair, BB 18a49 . iar sin iar cenmair, Ériu viii 174.33 . iar cen mair do Th. . . . co faca, Aisl. Tond. 106 § 5 . ier cēin mhāir `a long time ago', Fl. Earls 208.30 . Note also: cu-du-boing cein (.i. iar cein) comarba curu, Bürgschaft 21.4 (for féin ?).

With I N-. For variety of forms cf. rachad a ccéin ┐ a ccíana ┐ a ccíanuibh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 26.19 . indtan noteigdis i céin `when they went a long distance', Mon. Tall. 129.21 . taig drochcarad hi céin (proverbial saying), BDD² 58 . fer bis a cein, Anecd. i 15.1 ( SCano 501 ). dā ndeachaid Congal a ccéin, ZCP viii 109.1 . seisrech . . . a toigheacht a gcianaibh cuige, BNnÉ 186.26 . i gcéin 's i ngar, 51.14 . Note also: rolaus cian i cein / ardo charait i mbrón, LL 18615 . As quasi-adj.: créd agaibh aoidhigh a gcéin `from afar', Studies 1924, 241 § 1 . Rarely of time: ní tualaing ionchoisiod i ccéin i gcuimhne for long, Ériu xiii 29.11 . With ocus: imb i céin fa i n-accus beo-sa, Wb. 23b41 . i ceín ┐ i n-ocus, Thes. ii 356.20 (Hy. vii). cid i cein, cid a focus, Laws i 240.17 Comm.

With ó. ó chéin from of old, long ago : iarsindi ro-n-an hua céin di aisndis dun popul gl. tam longum `after he had ceased a while', Ml. 126b1 . F . . . . atbath ó céin, Trip.² 1513 `long ago', Trip. 133 . is mé ro baeglaiged ó chéin, LU 3921 ( SCC 44 ). Bretain o chéin rodochumdaigset the B. had built it long before, Anecd. iii 70.2 . ós é sin ó chéin ar nós `our ancient custom', Content. xxviii 71 . [Críst] roncuinnig ō chēin chain, ZCP iii 18.27 . o chein mair anall, PH 3422 . ó chíanaibh just now, lately, already: fotdāilfind a nilparttib ō chīanaib acht nīpad Fergus (C.C. to Etarcomal), TBC-I¹ 1198 . mac na trí curad at-rubart a (= ó) chíanaib, MU² 679 . ticbatis Herind o chianaib they would have reached Ireland a while ago, Snedg. u. Mac R 13.9 . leis an íairmbérla adubhart ó chíanuibh just now, IGT Introd. 30.18 . Used as quasi-adj. recent, just mentioned : int urchar o chianaib `the cast just now', TTebe 2087 . is don drochgaidhilg o c[h]ianaibh é above mentioned(?), IGT Metr. Faults287 § 130 . gach re cuidechta a cianaib every other company mentioned, BCC 384.21 .

As n. pr. m. tochomladh Céin a Caisil, Anecd. ii 46.18 . See also Corp. Gen.

III As conjunction

(a) (in) céin (later also i céin , géin ), céine (for) as long as, since, when . Folld. by nasalizing rel. clause in O. Ir. (see GOI 553 ) and in later language also with follg. rel. clause (see Duan. F. iii 44 n.l . ). cein mbith oc ic, Blathm. 39 . cein ba dibh amhatair `since His mother was of them', 103 . ceín rongabus i carcair `so long as I am in prison', Wb. 23b18 . cene ṁ bether in hac uita , Ml. 107d8 . cene conmesarsa olseseom ┐ céne connoither mo thimnasa `as long as I shall give rules . . . and as long as my injunctions are observed', Mon. Tall. 129.29 . cen bai Cormac beo, Ériu xvi 84.101 . céne (cean a, MS.) forcomédaidh fírinni, 65.21 . céin mbete i llucc irnaigdi / céne mbess coic fíal findbalc, iii 104 § 34 . i céin ra búi seom aice-sain, TBC-LL¹ 2956 = an ccein, TBC St. 2564 . hi céin bae Issau ic triall dont ṡeilcg, Celtica iv 8.20 . in cen bes coir dib, Laws i 136.10 Comm. i céin raibh nemh is talamh while heaven and earth last, BNnÉ 314 § 8 . in cein do bas arin cuirt `while this assembly was in session', Ann. Conn. 1228.5 . in gein ronbuí 'na bethaidh, Duan. F. i 55.8 (`a pseudo-archaism', iii 44). géin bhus beo, Content. ii 42 . ? Cf. cen bad buidech, Metr. Dinds. iii 192.35 (leg. céin, Corrig.).

(b) céin co until: cein conid ris `till I reach him', Blathm. 102 § 42 . an frim céin córda sille, LU 3807 ( SCC 37 ). céin co tí . . . don chath, 5872 ( TBC-I¹ 1403 ).? ní béra demon díb nech / cen corop (leg. cor'p) óg nó aithrigech `while they are perfect', BColm. 52.7 . céin co n-ebar in fín nua imalle frib (words of Christ at Last Supper), PH 2995 . céin go dtarrastair .i. no go dtarla, O'Cl. gen gar muig rempu till they won the victory, BNnÉ 310.12 . Exceptionally with art.: in céin co roiscc in ceilebrad, Grail 1790 , ? Cf. cen co tola, Fing. R. 181 (see n.).

COMPDS. With nouns: iar ccianaois, AFM ii 640.12 . cienaimser ria n-a thōgbāil, Fl. Earls 110.15 . a chisde na gcianbhann lúidh (to a prince), DDána 79.27 `O thou who art skilled in the old valour feats', Ir. Monthly 1921, 247 . ? Colla Uais uas chianbla chain, LL 15753 . tochombaig Ciannacht cianbruige, Laws iv 8.17 `C. has recovered distant lands', Celtica vi 227.5 . i cind chían-chóicthigis, TBC-LL¹ 2050 (as two words LL 9331 and so also at 22815 ). ní ro chumaingsiot a chianchosnamh fris in lion sloigh, AFM vi 2026.9 . bud fata bas chianchuman, LL 7822 ( TBC-LL¹ 294 ). co crich cinnte . . . cein-eisergi caich, MR 264.5 . a gcáoile ┐ a ccíaneitche, Ériu v 80.12 . hí cíanfoccus at some little distance, BDD² 626 . dála . . . catha chianfhoghla, DDána 83.8 . clogat . . . cianḟulaing, MR xiv 21 . ar gcabhra i gciainimneadh, Aithd. D. 76.8 . cichsot cēnmuir `shall advance to the distant sea', Ériu xvi 146.7 .

With adjj.: isin set cianfotta, BB 240b15 . tellach dá dechmad / cíanramar `long and solid(?)', Celtica vi 221. 11 ( Laws iv 4.18 ) = cennramar, O'Curry 846 ( H 3.18, 384b ). With adjj. derived from nouns: seanoir cianaosda, MR 42.6 . sein leabar cianáosta, Gorm. p. xviii . a chloidhiomh . . . cianainignech destroying far and wide, MR xiv 24 . clanna cianairgnecha Cuirc, Caithr. CC 81 . do Macc cían clothach `far-renowned', BDD 157 . rosc corrglas cianradarcach, BB 427a36 . níor bhó cianṡaoghlach somh iar ngairm tighearna de, AFM vi 1996.9 . do bhuidhin chuirthe ciainsiublaigh, AFM vi 2318.7 . deaghmhac cian-teasdach Conchubhair far-famed, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 177.w . an chloch cian tuinigte `enormous', AFM vi 2012.11 . ben bhocht chumhthach chíantuirseach, Ériu v 80.5 .

comḟochraíb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comḟochraíb or dil.ie/11176

adj (fochraíb. See O'Rahilly, Celtica i 341-3 ).

(a) in phr. i c.¤ near . With gen. hi comfocraíb imdai ind ríg, LU 7648 (BDD). i comḟochraib ┐ i comḟacus in dorais, LL 31094 (TTr.). a comhfocraibh in tsleibhe sin, CCath. 1221 . a comfocraib na cairrcci, Grail 2149 . ar a chomfochraip near it, Fl. Earls 122.30 . With DO: i comḟocus ┐ i comḟochraib dóib, TBC-LL² 2125 . rancatar i comaichraib do B., RC xiii 72.9 . Absol.: in slog i comfocra, Laws v 192.23 Comm.

(b) With copula and DO: combu comochraib báss dí, near her, Trip.² 2345. 2712 . gorbo comfochraibh . . . doib, CCath. 3881 . ba comhfoc[h]raibh don caiscc, ZCP x 411.10 . Note also: mad comacraib iat ┐ madh comaith a torodh `equally near' (of bees), Laws iv 172.25 Comm. Attrib.: isna ferannaibh comacraibhibh in the neighbouring districts, Anecd. iii 64.5 . oc milled . . . na crīch ┐ na cennadach comfochræib, ACL iii 224.16 . morcaisléin in leit[h]e comfocraib don G. `of the side near to G.', CCath. 3432 . na feranna comfochruibhe, TFrag. 196.19 . is na tírib comfochraibe, TTr.² 624 . na da chiniud chomfochraibe, Laud 610, 90a , cited Meyer Contribb. s. comḟochraibe. Adv. co comfochraib i [co]mfocus very near, CCath. 2417 .

Subst. neighbour(s); neighbouring territory: nach déni olc fri-a chomfhochraib, PH 8090 . comfocraib a[c] cainedh a chele `neighbours', Aen. 2720 . Iotar na comfochraibhe día nagallaimh, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.30 . na comhfochraibh battar comhfoiccsi dóibh his nearest neighbours, AFM v 1786.6 . an bá forrél do na comfocraibhe do'n domhan `neighbouring parts of the world', iii 10.3 . isna comhfhochraibhe `in the neighbourhood', Hugh Roe² 42.22 .

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