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ad-teich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-teich or dil.ie/583
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: atteoch, adeochasa, adeoch, addeoch-sa, aiteoch, atethach, ateich, atabtecham, aiteocham, ataich, attaig, aitchid, aitchem, adessam, adróethach, adróithach, atum-roethach-sa, atroithich, ataich, attachetar, attach, ataigid, aitchid

v * ad-(ath-?) -tech-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 639 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atteoch, Thes. ii 349.1 (Hy. v). ateoch, 350.14 (Hy. vi), 353.5, .11 . adeochasa (adeochosa LU), TBC-I¹ 1030 . adeoch, 1031 . addeoch-sa, LL 1021 . aiteoch, ZCP vi 258.2 . ?atethach SR 817 (with inf. pron. 2 s.?). 3 s. ateich, Ml. 39b6 . 1 pl. atabtecham, ZCP vii 485 ( Enchir. Aug. Aug. 84b ). aiteocham, ZCP x 347 § 17 . Ipv. 2 s. ataich. Thes. ii 258.11 . attaig, SR 1618 . 2 pl. aitchid, LU 8391 ( FB § 26 ). 1 pl. aitchem, SR 1613 . Subj. pres. (fut., Ped.) 1 pl. adessam, Thes. ii 300.2 (Hy. i). Pret. and perf. 1 s. adróethach, Thes. ii 353.5 . adróithach, Fél. Ep. 301 . 2 s. atum-roethach-sa, IT iii 242.225 . 3 s. atroithich, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . ataich, TBC-I¹ 1551 (= conattecht, TBC-LL¹ 2184 ). 3 pl. ra attachetar , TBC-LL¹ 2744 . Vn. attach. Later as simple vb. ataigid, aitchid. IGT Verbs § 52 .

Lit. flees to, resorts to (see attach), but invariably in more abstract meanings.

(a) In the constr. a.¤ x fri y invokes x against y. adjures or beseeches y by or for the sake of x. In Ir. Lit. 30 ff. the phrase ateoch frit is used before each of a long list of items: ateoch frit, a Isu . . . do cethri suiscelaige, etc. the actual prayer (co nimragba, etc.) following p. 34. aitchid a chenel fri Bran `he adjures B. by his race', Rawl. B. 512 fo. 120c32 (Plummer MS. notes). ataich Cuchulaind fris a chomaltus ┐ a muimi diblinaib Scathaich C. appealed to him by his foster-brotherhood, TBC-I¹ 1551 . aitchidh ainm nDe re Brigit um ní do tabairt do asks B. in God's name to give him something, Lism. L. 1316 . ō roataig-sim Colmān . . . riu `he adjured them by Colmán', BColm. 96.1 . attchim-se mo guide rutt, LL 374c23 . ro attaich Dia riss gan a clann d'easguine `she besought him for God's sake not to curse her children', TFrag. 102.9 .

(b) calls on, prays to, entreats: adiuro .i. atchim, Gild. Lor. 52 . arnādrīs iffernn uathach / ateoch in ríg adróethach (.i. roatchius) `that I may not go to awful hell, I beseech the King whom I have besought', Thes. ii 353.5 (Hy. vi). adróithach in rígraid / . . . / . . . atateochsa íaram, Fél. Ep. 301 . attecham (ateocham v.l.) na hóga / doairset ar ṅdála, Sept. 20. a Dé dulig adateoch, ZCP i 497.6 . aitchem na huili duli / . . . / cor guidet lenn, SR 1613 . ō roaitcheatar ainm Colmāin . . . tērnatar slán i tír, BColm. 94.12 . no aitchitis in coimdid, PH 4055 . aitchim a sídh `I beseech peace with them', Studies 1923. 599 § 18 . With cognate accus. issed attach adessam `this is the prayer that we will pray', Thes. ii 300.2 (Hy. i). atach ind so atroithich Colum Cille co mmáthair nÍsu, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . With follg. IMM and vn. constr.: ra attchetar . . . firu hErend ma tocbáil bar lebennaib scíath they besought the men of Ireland to raise them, TBC-LL¹ 2744 . ra adaig clanda Nemid imo hainm do beith forsin ferand ind-romarbad, Dinds. 147 ( RC xvi 160 ). ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt `they begged him to eat', PH 6547 . ro attaig a shetig Samson imme sin, LB 127b15 . aitchim an dá dheaghfháidh dhéag / fam (dom, v.l.) thabhairt do Dhia ar deighshéad, Dán Dé xxv 50 . aitchet na naoimh . . . im thecht cuca da ccabhair, BNnÉ 256 § 214 . Similarly with DO: roataigh Día codichra da furtacht, ZCP vi 94.27 . ro aitchister . . . Patraicc . . . dia choemna for a bidbaid, Irish Texts i 18 § 54 . aitchett an Coimdhe do shior / naoimh sleachta Conaill dár ndíon, iii 45.30 . adchi[s]-seom (curoataigh v.l.) in Gall dia comairqui `entreated . . . for his protection', RC xxiv 56 § 17 . Note also: aithchim ar bhar n-éigse sibh / gabháil `I implore you by your poetic profession to restrain . . .', Content. xvi 88 . Less freq. with person entreated introduced by FOR or FRI: ro atuighsead an sgol for Féinius bérla do theibeadh as na hilteangthuibh, IGT Introd. 3.17 . aitchimit fort gin ar clödh forcula do dliged ar sen, ZCP i 260.5 . is eadh aitcheas nó athchuingheas Ieremias . . . ar an duine, TSh. 1619 . in fer fodrácaib co claen aitchid fris a facbail co diriuch request him, LU 8391 ( FB § 26 ). tocht fo a thogairm ┐ an ro ataig fris do denamh `and did whatever he requested him', AFM vi 2054.7 .

aidlenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidlenn or dil.ie/886

Forms: faidhlenn, aidhlenn, aidle

n [ā, f.] . faidhlenn, aidhlenn (-gh- v.l.) f. IGT Decl. § 12 . Perh. orig. aidle, g s. -enn, Zimmer, KZ xxx 101 ff. See also Vendr. Lex.

Hook or rack for holding weapons (esp. the `sleg' or 'gae`): roir dam . . . x faidlenda (.i. alcainge co n-imdenum) fo a ngaiscedhuibh, Ériu ii 5.5 . cuna fargaib sleg ar aidlind ná sciath ar berraidi ná claideb ar alchaing i Temair, MU² 495 . ra coraigit / . . . a slega fora n-adlennaib, LL 12965 . co torchratar na gascid dia n-adlennaib, 13777 . gan tocbail airm da aidlind, Irish Texts ii 8.16 . a bheith aonaidhche ar aidhlinn (of a sword), TD 19.8 . ga tuagh is uaisle aidhleann? IGT Decl. ex. 1094 . bráon fola úadh ar aidhlinn / fogha glainṡlim rúadh Raghnuill, ex. 532 . Extended use: gur tuittetar tiagha liubhar Erenn . . . da n-aidhlennaibh so that the satchels of the books of Ireland fell from their racks, Mart. Don. 234.5 . ro fuirmistar ar glan aiglind sceith `boss', MR 234.3 . i cluasaidlind (sic leg.) cathbairr (some projecting part of the helmet covering the ear), MR 298.22 . nach taighlim na trí ceardcha / do shní fhaighlinn mh'aigeanta `wears away the armoury of my mind', Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 4 . Fig. of warriors: a.¤ gaiscid na fiannaigachta hero, Laud 610, 141a2 (Plummer MS. notes). imscarad da a.¤ aíg na Asia, LL 243b26 ( TTr. 1997 ). taoiseach treabh aidhleann airdgliadh, Ó Bruad. iii 54.2 . ropsat aidlenna aimdesa urscailti ar n-athchuma a n-anrad (of wounded warriors), MR 236.15 . scaradh rinn don aidhlinn úir (of a woman), Ó Bruad. iii 226.5 . dá gcuiread tu ar faghloinn féin / madh maol gearr, glacfair oilbhéim (to an old cloak), Hackett lvi 9 . co tracht-aidlennaib bar traiged (of the heel of the foot?), MR 176.z . a.¤ gualann top of the shoulder: co ránic aidlend a gualand, LL 8222 . fri aidleind a gualand, 8449 . fri eglend a da gualann, IT i 271.35 . as haighleannaibh iomdhoimhne . . . na n-oirear (of creeks or inlets), ML 44.27 .

ailad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailad or dil.ie/961

Forms: aulad, ilad, elad, ulad, ilaidh, elaith, ulaidh, ulaid, hullta, ailaidh, elaid, ulaid, aulaid, iolaidh, ilaidh, uladha, uladh, ulltaib, ula, ila, eala, ulaidh, uladh, ultha, a.

n m. and f. Also aulad, ilad, elad, ulad. (aul, see GOI p. 52 ). a s. ilaidh, Dinds. 49 ( RC xv 443.17 ). elaith, MacCongl. 121.36 . ulaidh, Uí Maine 211raz . g s. in ulaid , Laws v 488.26 Comm. na hullta , 29 Comm. d s. ailaidh, AU i 534 . elaid, LL 19325 . ulaid, BColm. 98.4 . aulaid, Mon. Tall. 151.5 (§ 62) . iolaidh, AFM ii 1014.5 . n p. ilaidh, Anecd. ii 23.1 . a p. uladha, ZCP x 228.z . g p. uladh, Acall. 1499 . d p. ulltaib, SG 252.30 . ula, ila, eala (ón ulaidh, ola l. ón chéill sin) f. ( d s. ulaidh. g s. uladh. n p. ultha), IGT Decl. § 4 .

(a) tomb, sepulchre, burial-cairn: ilad in dechenboir `the tomb of the ten persons', Thes. ii 288.32 . m'ilad ┐ m'úag, LU 9886 . co ro adhnacht i n-Ard Macha i n-ailaidh nuí, AU i 534.12 . sra (leg. fri, ed.) aulad Culduib chanmae, RC xxv 346.3 . im nemthairecc fertad do flatha .i. im nemtiachtain do denam ulaid cumdacht imin flaith, Laws i 186.16 Comm. fogebthar a ulad Fothaid A. fris anair bic. . . ┐ atá coirthe oca ulaid, LU 10990 . ni fuille rath for ullaid, Laws v 448.23 . focerd ilaidh ind im cenn Cuir[r]igh, Dinds. 49 ( RC xv 443. 17 ). in macc fora téit in grad immusaiccichet días for aelaid (? fora elaid), Trip.² 1842 . ro h-adnaiceadh is in ulaidh mhóir fó chosaibh Ui Suanaigh, Hy Fiach. 44.y . ro hadhnaiced co honorach i niolaidh na nepscop, AFM ii 1034.4 . go háit 'na bhfuair ulaidh lán do chnámhaibh marbh, TSh. 7707 . ar chúl iladh ḟáisegailsi, IGT Decl. ex. 232 . ulad .i. uilli nō in t-adnacal aile, Corm. Y 1285 . fert .i. ulad cumdachta, O'Dav. 961 . elath f. `a calvary or charnel-house, a carn, a heap or pile of bones in a church-yard', P. O'C. Of oaths taken at an a.¤ (cf. reilic): nonbar co ulaid . . . co toing fo soscela aice, O'Curry 1972 (H. 4.22, p. 16). dligid doith dithach .i. for ulaid . . . luigi na heisinnraice . . . og ulaid, 2580 ( Eg. 88 fo. 49 (50)a ).

(b) penitential station: a nacaldaim . . . for aulaid oc cros ind dorus lis, Mon. Tall. 151.5 (§ 62) . táinic P. do tocbáil cros ┐ uladh ┐ altóiredh, Acall. 1499 . in t-ionad ro togasa / itát ilaidh is crosa, Anecd. ii 23.1 . ní dechaid D. . . . ó ulaidh gan impodh, MR 298.11 . seal amhlaidh agan ulaidh / ar shalmaibh, ar slechtanaibh (of devotional exercises of Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 282 § 268 . co hIlaidh na ttri ccros (at Clonmacnoise), AFM ii 812.10 .

Compd. ¤-lán: locan ālaind iladlān `a delightful little spot full of tombs' (of a hermit's retreat), Ériu ii 56 § 13 .

angal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. angal or dil.ie/3619

n (1 gal): ac tocbail a ceand dona Troiandaib robatar for na muraib ig angail friu `blazing against them', Aen. 2169 . ro imclaiset angala a inchindi i cúsalaib a chind `vigour of his brain', MR 232.9 . As n.pr. A.¤ , Ériu ii 186.12 , 16 ( = ZCP viii 102 ). ? C. mac Angaile, ZCP vii 307.18 .

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

? attócbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? attócbáil or dil.ie/4947

n ( tócbáil ): robadar sil Adaim a ndorchadai ┐ a n-ingnad ┐ a n-athtogbail, YBL 86a44 . Cf. Ériu ii 140 § 147 .

cnes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnes or dil.ie/9748
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cnis, cneis, cneas

n o, m. g s. cnis, later cneis. cneas m., IGT Decl. § 63 .

(a) skin (of body): surface : .u. seotu comdire cac cnis `for every skin', Bretha 27 . ni forbai ima c.¤ (with sword), LU 5677 (TBC). taídlech a cniss ┐ a colla, TBC-LL² 193 . ? cein ala c.¤ cottaighe, Ériu xiii 17.2 . iar cnis chlochair `the surface of a causeway', Metr. Dinds. iv. 104.54 . glaisium cnis .i. beithi sin in ogaim, Auraic. 5615 . masat carggi crúada cniss, MU² 481 . do tslūagh Grēg co soillsi cnis, ZCP vii 302.26 . uisge . . . / ag snige re a chness anúas, BS 136.4 . an bhfuil sróll . . . fána chneas san uaigh?, TSh. 4216 . Attrib. g s. inar cnis do chroicenn an leoghain, Stair Erc. 454 . an dá chóta cnis `vndercoates', RSClára 72a . cú cnis beloved, DDána 118.21 . tar nuachar cnis `a wedded wife', Ó Bruad. iii 176.15 .

(b) In extended application body, flesh; bosom, breast: li sula a ch.¤ isin tres, LU 3633 ( SCC 31 ). ar na aicthear a c.¤ , Laws ii 146.9 Comm. liach . . . / Ulltaig ac comrainn a chnis `alas that the Ulstermen should mutilate his breast', Stud. Hib. iv 72 § 61 . silfid crú a cnessaib curad, TBC-LL² 272 . a Christ cain co caeme chniss, LL 853 . gur s[h]āidhedar a ndá c[h]raísig catha isna cnesuib, ML² 1225 . cruth bhur gcneas your bodies' beauty, O'Hara 3569 . gan chneas bhfir i gcarcair chlach nobody in prison, TD 9.24 . gearradh cneis surgery, TSh. 8223 .

In eulogy of chieftain etc.: a chneas áluinn oighreada (to a prince), TD 1.13 . A. Ó C. cneas mar bhánchuip, DDána 64.30 . U. Ó C. cneas sheang `graceful form', Ériu v 54.1 .

(c) In phrases with prepp. gabsat or in mara móir / . . . / anair noco chlé da cniss (cheville), LL 16290 ( Rawl. 78a35 ). M. co maithib C.C. fa chneas about him, MR 142.13 . docer Cu Chulaind . . . / for cness Corthe Crumtherí across(?), LL 4028 ( for Cness, RC xxiii 306 § 11 ) = im C.¤ (leg. c.¤ ), RC xxiii 319 § 11 . for c.¤ na caille, BLism. 160b29 ( SG 347.22 ). senchodal fría ch.¤ dressed in, LU 9186 ( FB 91 ). léni . . . i caustul fri c.¤ dó, MU² 748 . léine . . . ṡróill ré a chneis (chneas, v.l.), CRR² 23 . Ruirthech ria chness beside it (of Howth), Metr. Dinds. iii 104.6 . mur n-óir fri cness na cathrach around (of heaven), SR 350 . re cneas connsuine bhuig in contact with, IGT Introd. § 27 . croicenn leomain ro buí re c.¤ ris `next his skin', Stair Erc. 998 . c.¤ re crosaibh slemnai in sūi, ACL iii 306 § 8 . mo lūirech humi / im ch.¤ mo charat, RC xxxvi 263 § 28 . atá in muir imma mórchness, LL 16185 . im chocricha c.¤ `about the neighbouring land', BColm. 32.17 . i cnessaib . . . a caipdel at the sides of the chapters (of a hymn or psalm), Lib. Hymn. 65.20 . ro-faémsat bith cness fri cness | ciaro-chlaínsat in cardes 'though they were violating (God's) covenant thereby, they agreed to mate with one another', Sex Aet. 98 § 70 (2) (of the sons and daughters of Adam and Eve). Adv. cāch c.¤ fria c.¤ , ZCP viii 199.36 . gurab ch.¤ re 'roile fuarus an dá ní `close to one another' (of two texts), Ir. Lit. xviii 14 . rem chridi is rem chnes 'through and through' SCC 373 , Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 244 .

Compds. With nouns: do rindetar . . . cneascáimtigh dá claidhmib `naked bedfellows', Caithr. Thoirdh. 99.2 . cneischéile Muire maighdean (of Christ), DDána 39.29 . ? cnes cealtair comdha tairis (of Fráech), ZCP xiii 175.6 . le géarshearc sámh dá cneas-chlí `complexion', O'Rah. 12.9 . dhá chneas-doigh pangs (of death of two noblemen), Keat. Poems 1071 . gúais leam cneasghuin a chinidh, O'R. Poems 243 . cneslénti . . . cíardai (of battledress of Cú Chulainn) `shirts', TBC-LL² 1482 .

With adjj.: do thaobh chneasaolta (of lady), Aithd. D. 41.19 . cind chnesbána, LL 15615 . tocbail Finniain . . . / in cnesbuicc `the soft-skinned' (as subst.), Gorm. 27 . fa dúire crabhuidh cneschæil emaciated, Lism. L. 4750 . cathmarcsluag cneis-éidigte `mailed horsemen', Caithr. Thoirdh. 71.36 . C. chend-ḟind chness-étrocht `radiant of skin', Metr. Dinds. iii 210.20 . casracha cneisgeala, ZCP viii 200.3 . C. cnesodur `dun-skinned', CCath. 4178 . do shíol chneisseang í Ch., Aithd. D. 2.6 . ōen-ingen . . . chnes-[s]olus, Aided M. 8 .

With vb.: raon sean-sgríbhneadh na sean / lér cneasdírgheadh gaol Gaoidheal `straightly traced', Content. xxix 8 .

comlogad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comlogad or dil.ie/11446
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: comloigthi

n (logad) lit. mutual concession , etc. Pl. comloigthi expld. by Thurn. ZCP xiv 386 as small services from lord to client and vice versa which are usually balanced against each other and returnable by the lord but not by the client (see Laws ii 334.21 Comm. ). In Laws translated `set off' (see ii 360 note), ` adjustment '. ni renar . . . cen cocur, cen comairle, cen c.¤ (requirements for a certain legal transaction), Laws ii 360.18 . tōcbāil comloighthi `Erhebung mit Verrechnung', Bürgschaft 80 . ni toroimle cechtar da (sic leg.) lina dia raile is diles do mad tria comlogud do biathad ┐ etiud if it is by way of `c.¤' in the form of food and clothing, Laws ii 374.12 . na muine cumthar iter in mac ┐ in nathair do comloigib `mutual remissions', Coibnes 7 gl. 5 (on commuin athar ┐ a meicc). ré comhloighthe so (heading of a section), Ériu xiii 33.27 . a comloghud on ceile ┐ on flaith, Laws ii 266.y Comm. nochun fuil comlogha lánamnuis itir in aiti ┐ in taithir `no claim of set off', 162.24 Comm. comloga o tuaith do briugaidh . . . ┐ comloga uadsum, i 200.25 Comm. comlogod itir tuaith ┐ rig . . . .i. ní cuingid som abiad ar ain, 82.2 Comm. in ni dobeir in flaith no in eclais di-a memraib dligthechaibh .i. do comloighthibh, v 316.32 Comm. Cf. comloigthe, comloigthi.

2 deil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 deil or dil.ie/15168

Forms: del, deil, deil, del, del, deleth, deled, delend, delind, deil, deil, deled, deil

n prob. f., cf. n s. del chlis, LU 5146 . a s. deil chniss (sic), LL 9688 (TBC). n s. deil, Thes. ii 295 . SR 4269 . del, Corm. Y 478 . v s. del, BB 302b35 . g s. deleth, TBC-I¹ 1504 . deled, TBC-LL¹ 1270 . delend, 2104 . delind, 2552 . a s. deil, SR 5785 . TBC-LL¹ 1265 , etc. n du. da deil , TBC-LL¹ 5377 . g p. deled, RC xii 102 § 144 . deil f., IGT Decl. § 14 .

Orig. a split piece of wood (?), cf. 1 deil; hence a straight piece of wood in general, cf. Cormac's explanation of delg: .i. del fora dírge, Corm. 17 . d.¤ .i. slat, O'Cl. Glossed dírech, H 3.17, 688 .

I

(a) charioteer's wand, goad: rogabastár idata . . . a ech ┐ a del intlassi ina desra, TBC-I¹ 1882 = TBC-LL¹ 2539 . anmanna na n-arudh . . . anmanna na ndeled batur na lamaib, RC xii 102 . Hence O'Don. Suppl. 617 : d.¤ .i. echlasc. immorchor ṅdelend (name of a charioteer's feat), MU² 250 . imorchor ndelind, TBC-I¹ 1893 , TBC-LL¹ 2552 . By O'Dav. 593 taken as = gae. Also cor ṅdelend (one of Cú Chulainn's feats), TBC-LL¹ 2104 = cor ndeleth, TBC-I¹ 1503 (ndeled, LU). cor ndeled, LU 10341 = corndeliud (sic), ZCP iii 255 .

(b) d.¤ chliss spear or missile of some kind; one of Cú Chulainn's weapons, equated with sleg, TBC-I¹ 663 ; with cleitíne, 1915 . In TBC-LL¹ 1265 : dobér-sa mo láim fon d.¤ cliss dó .i. fon n-ubull n-athlegtha n-iarnaide, of a sling (strictly of the staff of the sling, crann tabaill). diamtar tresa deile clis, B IV 2, 132a18 = 3 C 13 , 926 . deil chniss, TBC-LL¹ 2575 , d.¤ cnís, 2539 v.l.

(c) piece of wood used in yoking cattle: co craunn . . . remidir d.¤ damchuṅga, SR 5764 .

(d) upright supporting a roof beam: d.¤ telchinni tiar is tair . . . fri torgbáil na drumslaite, SR 4269 (of the tabernacle). da d.¤ dirgi . . . ri tocbail na drumslaiti, BB 241b51 .

(e) is amhlaidh do bhí an ceard, ┐ corcán ar d.¤ aige, TSh. 314 , `turner's lathe ', Gloss.

? .x. mbruit cuinsce clithar co ndelib indeitbear, Ériu ii 4 .

II Fig. of a hero, king, etc., prop, pillar, support (?): in d.¤ dúrchathach na tress, SR 6115 ; 5785. ina airdde, adbul d.¤, | secht ferchubait córe sein, 5755 (of Goliath). Aed oll . . . in d.¤ delgnaide, Thes. ii 295.3 . caem hua Cerbaill . . . in del delbglan, LL 184a56 . ba d.¤, ba bróe ri cech n-airc, 44b26 . in del Dagda, 181a10 = in d.¤ D., BB 400a6 . a del tresa torthoraig, BB 302b35 ( IT iii 41 ). in d.¤ degrach donn, Metr. Dinds. iii 194 . dā d.¤ . . . dā treitill Ulad, TBC-I¹ 3315 = TBC-LL¹ 5377 . ni ḟuil trénfer a thressi . . . na d.¤ a déini, LL 238a27 . Domhnall d.¤ ard uile mhaith, AFM 919 (poem) (ii 582).

díthócbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díthócbáil or dil.ie/16887

adj ( tócbáil ) which cannot be levied (?): flaith . . . fris nad fuiglithur, arus ditocbail fuigill fris, O'D. 2234 (Nero A vii 156a).

? do-ecaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? do-ecaib or dil.ie/17519

Forms: tocbál, tecbáid, tebaid, taebaid, togbaidh, tecbat, rochétecbad

v No deut. forms attested. Acc. to GOI 52 the vn. tecbál (q.v.) is merely a variant of tocbál (see tócbáil , do-fócaib). raises, lifts: Indic. pres. 3 s. tecbáid in fial . . . a lepaid tíar os tiprait `sets up his bed', Metr. Dinds. iii 456 ( LL 212b19 . tebaid, taebaid, togbaidh, v.l.). tecbaid a chuaránu, MacCongl. 11 . tecbaid Beccán súas a aénláim, 23 P 3, 116 . Ipv. 3 pl. tecbat in truaghan `let them uplift', Gorm. Mar. 6 . Pass. pret. mac Failbe E.: la side rochétecbad (leg. rochét-tecbad) corthe, ZCP viii 300 = lasa cet comgabta coirthi, Rawl. 148b21 .

do-fócaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fócaib or dil.ie/17646
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: túargab-, tecbál, tócbáil, tocbál, tucbál

v (* to-uss-gab-, GOI pp. 341 , 526 . Otherwise Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 530 - 1 ). On vowel of second syll. (short in O.Ir.) see GOI pp. 52 , 526 , and IGT Verbs § 108 and exx. 960 ff. Perf. prot. stem túargab-, later as basis for new present-forms. Vn. tecbál (?), tócbáil (incl. tocbál, tucbál). See do-furgaib.

I Trans.

(a) lifts up, raises (of literal motion): ergc a uerbo erigo .i. tōgbaim, Corm. Y 549 . benaid . . . in sruth co fleisc . . . co tocaib ina hanmand suas do chind na flesci, FA 18 (LB) = co tócband, LU. omna nā tūargaib in slūag, Hy. v 69 . co tuargaib in cloch, Thes. ii 344.18 . ní thuargaib a cend dia glún, IT i 77 (LMU). tanōcaib asin c[h]lud lasodain lifts him, TBC-I¹ 459 . tōcbaid in scīath fris, 3579 . tanócaib súas . . . in cuach n-dercóir, FB § 74 . con tocba clod cechtar a da roth rocharpait, § 34 . tuargabsat a lénte co mellaib a lárac, § 20 . do-fúargaib side fair a gasced uas gaiscedaib in t-shluaig he raised aloft his weapons, IT i 100.20 . dafuarcaib a thré[n]fher dar doraid, Trip.² 2042 . domōcbaid ol sé fria a muinntir lift me up, ZCP iv 41.25 . dohuargaib a dé laim hi crosfigill, Mon. Tall. § 61 . tuarcaib M. airrdhe croiche Crist ina agaid, Lat. Lives 94.1 . tócaibtís ind anmannai a cenna asa fochluib, RC ix 474 . rothocbaidhsed (togaibsid, v.l.) a n-armu, xxiv 202.1 . tocabair amach lasodain ┐ berar chucca, 149.32 . (of malt) co tuargabar ina fotaib `until it is raised in sods', .i. resiu tocbaiter hi ina fotaib, Laws ii 240 , ib. Comm. togtar a slabraid let the chain be taken up, 118.19 Comm. (pres. with ro- of possibility) a lesdar tuargaib fear go glun which a man can raise, iv 166.4 . tuarga[i]b epscop dano a glún ria ríg a bishop raises his knee, Críth G. 605 . a ben tocaib do gnúis nglain, SR 2117 . figuir Crist . . . tuargabad fri crann, 4171 . conúargaib (dothócaibh, v.l.) in mac bec a gnúis ó thalmain, TBC-LL¹ 1254 . tuargaib C. a chend, TBC-LL¹ 2968 . tuargabtar a cind . . . assa n-imdadaib they raised their heads, CRR 15 . tuarcaib a rosc dochum nime, PH 766 . tócbaid do thalmain hi, 7202 . cindus tócbas in genntligecht a cend . . . tar in Cristaigecht, 717 . tócbaid bhar ndoirrsi . . . co ndechsad astech rí na gloire, 3891 . tōcaibther mergi rīg Érend d'indsaigid rīg Ulad, Ériu ii 180.5 . robarta tond tūargabar (tuarcabann, v.l.) heavy seas are lifted up, vii 2.24 . Iudas Semor . . . rotōgaib croich in Coimdeadh iarna cleith fon talmain, iii 198 § 26 . nothōcbadh builcc chorcra fair it used to raise crimson blisters on him, ACL iii 4.28 . dia taethsad nem notogébad naem Cholmán 'na sosad for cúl, BColm. 70.12 . tócbhais a ben féin isin leabaigh leis, Imr. Brain i 65.16 . rothogaibhsead a n-da sciath . . . a n-aicill a cheli, CF 294 . rotógbadar as in coire . . . Iubdán, SG 244.5 . rothógsud . . . mac an diūice ┐ docuirsit ar sdét ele é, ZCP vi 34.26 . tuargabhsat tri bruta . . . i náirde, AFM ii 866.7 . (Of the sun) togaid si suas na fliucadain ┐ an fertain draws up, Ir. Astr. Tr. 26.22 . rithid an taer seimh rompa ┐ togaidh se gaeth it raises wind, 148.3 . dothogbhasdair Dia in n-dluimh teneadh, Hy Fiach. 20.9 . anuair togtar sgaile na ndeathach cum na hincinne (of a fever-patient), 23 P 10, 4b12 . sec[h]nadh na suiper ┐ na hoileamna o togtur dethaigi cum na cinn, 93.8 . seasfuidh gaoth anfadhach ┐ tóigfe suas a thonna sin, Psalms cvii 25 . a neart mar neart Hercules dothóigeadh na sléibhte, GJ iv 18a20 . in tan dotógthar suas ant Abhlann Coisreagtha at the Elevation of the Host, Donlevy 434.5 . dá d-tóigeadh an tighearna easboig-si lámh ós mo chionn, Hard. i 246.y . togfuid nathrach neimhe, Luc. Fid. 380.10 . Of hoisting sails: tuarcaib a seol creda fora churach, RC xvi 31 ( Dinds. 81 ). go dtógbhann an bás . . . a sheólta suas, TSh. 2389 . tógbhaid a seōlta, Fl. Earls 8.7 . Of lifting a boat or ship to or from land: do fócbat a coblach hi tir, Corm. Y 1059 v.l. dia tuicēbat barca for Ess Rúaidh, ZCP xii 238 § 62 . togbhais C. an long leis ó thír, Ériu viii 139.24 . an tōigēb mo c[h]urchān cīar | ōs aigēn uchtlet[h]an ān?, ZCP x 46.5 . Draws up (water): a dtógthar d'uisge as an sruth, Eochairsg. 58.32 . takes up (from the fire): berbtar cerc . . . co ndeachad a trian fo bruith ┐ tágaib ann séin, O'Gr. Cat. 197.17 . digs up, excavates: aer na log asa ttogtar mianach, 3 C 19, 142 vb 10 . With reflex. inf. pron. rises: cioth rodtógbhuais dot choilcthaib? why did you rise from your couch? ITS v 20.10 . tosnúargaib súas . . . isin n-aer, LU 9102 ( FB § 85 ).

Note also: túargabad fornn aire fochide nád tuárgabar nert gl. quoniam supra modum gravati sumus supra virtutem, Wb. 14b22 (leg. tuárgab ar nert, Sarauw).

(b) takes, takes up; brings: is e seo a med togbus in tinde sin do gran cruithnechta this is the amount the t. takes up in grains of wheat, Laws v 18.5 Comm. do gnimuibh risi tocbatur na geill of the deeds by which the pledges are taken, ii 118.5 Comm. rosuidighset a longa ┐ rothocsat a forni leo, Aen. 984 . tócbaid-si lib hé ┐ berid breth . . . fair take him with you, PH 2745 . tuargaib leiss cona arm ┐ cona erriud . . . dar áth fa thuaid é, TBC-LL¹ 3965 . tógaibh leat aní is leat féin ┐ imthigh, TSh. 1013 . tóg do chros ┐ lean misi, Mark x 21 . tógbhuidh mo chuing-si oraibh take upon you my yoke, Donlevy 215.8 . an dtoigeubhaidh misi boill Chríosd chum ball sdríopaidhe do dhéunamh dhíobh?, 1 Corinth. vi 15 . an uile easbog . . . tógbhathar . . . as na daoinibh eile (= omnis pontifex ex hominibus assumptus, Heb. v 1 ), Eochairsg. 25.31 . Of food: sechnadh na nethte o ngeinter linn derg ┐ toctur iad le hursaill let them be eaten with . . ., 23 P 10, 127.12 . Note also: cí bé . . . comhluadar no gnothuigh do thógas suas sinn occupies us, Donlevy 400.12 .

(c) takes away, lifts off, removes: ri dosfúargaib triana nert | a dóire huathmair Egept, SR 5201 . ac so uan Dé nech tócbus pectha in uli domain, PH 3795 . tuargabtar leo Cairpre they carried off C. with them, CRR § 50 . tócbait in tech-sin leo . . . co triall dōibh doridisi (of a temporary hunting lodge), ZCP i 272.2 . galar .i. togbhus an t-olc ┐ fhágbus an mhaith, Triads p. 42 gl. 224 . toc an bir úd co luath ar si as an inadh a fuil se . . . Ni tóicebad ar in to-oclaech take away that stake, BCC § 297 . an tan tógbhaim daorchrios diuide when I take off the . . . girdle, Ó Bruad. ii 70.11 . (Of the amount of wine to be drunk) in méid dodhenad subacus ┐ dotoigebhadh a imshniom, 3 C 19, 82 va 20 . With DE: co rostócuibh in cathair don taeb araill don tsruth removed, Marco P. 68 . gach daoirse da raibhe ar Ghaedhealaibh . . . do thógaibh Brian díobh uile í, Keat. iii 4108 . tógbhaidh sé a n-aire dona neithibh saoghalta (of the eyes), TSh. 9272 . tocaid salcur do suilib, 24 B 3, 109.20 . With ó: adeirim ribh go dtoigéobthar rioghachd Dé uaibhsi, Matthew xxi 43 . tog uait na himshnioma troma, 3 C 19, 161 va 2 . dotóccbhadh a ndúthaigh gusan rígh `were transferred', AFM v 1496.18 .

(d) raises, sets up (of stones, buildings, etc.): tuárgabad lais . . . primchathir mac n-Israhel, SR 6657 . tuargabad leo forsin maig . . . | carnn comluga is comchotaig, 3039 . togabar a coirthe ┐ a liagan, IT i 122.15 . radis M. ara tuargabtha a lía, TBC-LL¹ 1572 . secht cét cell . . . dosnócaib do lár he raised them from the foundation, Trip. 552.8 . rotocbaisit . . . mur derg ind agaid Ulad, Ériu viii 179.1 . ba dōich lim bad Cland Deadhaid donuargaibset, 156.23 . tócaibther leis in cnocc crúaid | fo chosmailius tuir Nemrúaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 . ó Thaltin i tócab (tocaib, MS.) tein raised a fire, 50 . rotōgbad a lia ┐ a lecht ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 30.13 . goill dothógaibh badhbhdún an longphuirt, Hy Fiach. 122.7 . dotógbhadh le Brian iomad droichead ┐ tóchar ┐ slighthe móra, Keat. iii 4117 . dothógaibh Teamhair dá sliocht, Content. iv 33 . go dtógbhaidh tú teach ┐ nár áitighe tú é, TSh. 9706 . i mbás Aman san gcroich do thógaibh féin, 779 . tóg dhamh annso seacht naltóra, Numbers xxiii 1 .

Fig. sets up, establishes: is inti tōsech tuarcgabad an t-ord in it the order was first set up, BColm. 24.26 . dotóccbadh nós ┐ dlicched i naimsir Thoirrdealbaigh, ZCP x 8.7 . ar eacht go dtóigeobhadh an creideamh dobhí ar lár so that he might raise up, Keat. iii 5433 . tógbhait suass . . . gnē dēe they set up a supposed God, Fl. Earls 112.30 .

(e) exalts, uplifts, elevates, extols: tocbaid lobru | tairnid triunu, LU 3417 ( SCC § 18 ). ba léir P. co mbebae . . . is ed tūargaib a fheba . . . suas de sech treba dóine, Hy. ii 24 ( Thes. ii 314 ). rí dorúargaib Héle fáith, SR 7109 . rí . . . os túathaib túargaib Dauid, 6764 . as amlaid sin toicebus Brénainn a mhancha a n-airdi, Lism. L. 3328 . tocbad fírinne . . . notocēba, ZCP xi 88 § 6 . a Dé, rothōcba shinni, ix 468.11 . ro-thócaib cu honorach o ingaire choerech in tí Dauid, PH 6497 . is and romtócbad co mblaid there I was exalted with fame, Metr. Dinds. i 4.43 . dosfuargaib a dímus n-án `her noble pride uplifted her', iii 30 . ni hed as dech doní nech innocbail . . . ferr do co mbad ed dogneth inísli dofoicebad, LL 271 marg. sup. blad a teglaigh tóigéba, Hy Fiach. 192.10 .

(f) draws up, arranges, brings into action (of forces), begins (of a battle): tóccbaigh cuccainn lucht bar ttrebh, Cog. 86.16 . in cath sin rothogbaisiu, MR 172.20 . tuarccabtha tri cath crodha, Mórthimch. Erenn (ed. Hogan) § 25 . tuargabad cath croda a bloody battle was begun, Ériu v 238.100 . rotuarcbaid trommgressa for sciathaib, Alex. 270 . tuargaibsiot a n-iodhna catha forra `put on their arms', AFM vi 2132 . tuargaibset a tindrem | sund a n-inber Bonni they set about their expedition, Todd Nenn. 146.155 .

(g) furnishes, prepares, lays (a table): ní tócaibhter cuach ná cupa dia freasdul, Marco P. 87 . rotógbad buird altacha . . . ann, Fianaig. 56.1 . dotócbad aco blēdedha bánairgit . . . ┐ rotógbad ann corn Finn féin, ┐do thógaibh an eagna teach . . . do thógaibh sí bord = proposuit mensam, TSh. 8812 .

(h) rears, brings up, fosters: in triath romtógaibsea, MR 218.10 . ar is iad Catraighi tuargaib e, BB 250b24 (= rusail e, H. 3.18). da mac Medbi . . . oenben rostuargaib cen tár, Ériu v 225.107 . ba hand rodnalt ┐ tuargabat as a aetidh, Auraic. 235 . ba hannsin rotogbadh Niul i foghloim na nilbherla, Leb. Gab.(i) 192.26 . is aca teagaiscther ┐ tōgoipther suass . . . iad, Fl. Earls 180.30 . Note also: pósfuidh a dhearbhrathair a bhean . . . ┐ tóigeabhuidh sé síol dá dhearbhráthair, Matthew xxii 24 .

(i) With DE, FOR exacts, levies, raises (a tribute or tax): toicebhut-sa mu thinnscrai dhit, Lism. L. 1158 . rothoccaibh a chíos ríoghda forra, Cog. 40.3 . rothócaib dib giallu, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 . T. O Mailconaire do tóg in cis sin do'n Iarla, O'Gr. Cat. 220.38 . dothógbhadar an éiric soin ar Laighnibh, Keat. ii 3572 .

(j) shows, exhibits: tocbaid in corrbolg . . . do ┐ atfet a scela, RC v 201 § 17 . tuargabatar an-nochta ┐ an-náre uile dó, TBC-LL¹ 1361 . túarcaib do indsin in uli flathiusa in domain, PH 4719 . tuárcaib do slicht in gói, 6778 . taispenfa, toigēba . . . a t[h]aob don tsochaidhe, ZCP iii 210.23 . rothocaib a chrechta ┐ a ilgona dona sluagaib, TTebe 2765 . níor thóg M. a aghaidh dhóibh M. did not show his face to them, Caithr. CC 55.y . rotogbadh dosidhe ┐ mar adconnuirc, Lib. Flav. i 11vb32 . condatuárgabusa 'till I have manifested (revealed) it' Wb. 26 d 10 , Celtica xii 15 . tuargab cenn ind rún-sin 'that mystery is manifested (lit. has revealed itself)' Wb. 26 d 11 , Celtica xii 15 . Note also: co tuargaib a argat isin chathraig offered, LL 361 marg. sup. In pass. appears: is amhloidh togaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal there appeared to the enemy a lady, Fl. Earls 48.17 . Also in phrase do-fócaib cenn appears: co tuarcaibh Brēnaind cenn in oidhchi sin dí araile cēile Dē, ACL iii 4.31 . tuargabsat chend in dā trian robátar isin talmain, Fianaig. 34.16 . rothogaib Anachis cend do Aenias A. appeared to Aeneas, Aen. 1193 . a Cháimgin . . . ra báig Molling tócaib cenn, SG 389.26 . dia rothógaibh spirat na hécsi cenn do, Cóir Anm. 272 = torcaib, Lec. 446b41 . duid dothógbhus ceand anocht to thee I have revealed myself, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 74.23 . tri locha ingantach[a] tuargabsat ceand i nErinn anocht, Anecd. ii 5.21 . (Of a river) 'san India tocbhais cenn ar tus, Marco P. 122 .

(k) awakens, rouses, excites: conom-thūarcaib as mo ches | au[r]chor maic Comáin, Fianaig. 40.3 . in ní dothoigébad ferg Dé, PH 7747 . ná tóg fercc Dia, SG 43.33 . ní thóigeba tnúth aoinfhir | . . . th' óirdnedh . . . mar áirdríg, O'Gr. Cat. 470.19 .

(l) utters (a cry or shout), raises (the voice): rothócbatar banntrochta a n-gáiri guil, IT i 128.20 . co ttuargaibhset tri tromghaire ós aird, BS 14.3 . do thogadar na tonna tromghair truaghadhbal da sirchaineadh, CF 736 . rotōcbad muirn ┐ medair na bruidhni, Fianaig. 64.1 . tuárgabad in chlas | do molad De, SR 4037 . tuargaib Balam a guth ngluair, 4805 . tocbus B. a ghuth cu hard, Lism. L. 3621 . tóigfe tú do ghuth suas, Proverbs ii 3 . tógbhaidh bhar n-uaill raise your cries of joy, Content. xvi 72 . tógbhaid na haingil . . . aontsiúin cheoil, xviii 155 n.

(m) takes up, acquires: ? is tre fhír flathemon donfócbat dúili dúsi ili órdai airgdidi, ZCP xi 82 § 21 . do léigeamur bhur gclann le ar gcloinn chum sgoile ionnus gur thógbhadur beagán foghluma, PCT 1717 .

(n) accepts: ionnus gurab moide toigebait a muna uait so that they will the more accept instruction from you, Ériu v 138 § 116 . tógbhaim í (viz. sdair an tsluaigh) mar fhiadhnaise, Content. v 179 . ante . . . nach ttógbhann súas míochlú in aghaidh a chomharsan (= opprobrium non accepit . . .), Psalms xv 3 .

(o) raises (a point), challenges (a statement): is fada atáim ag trácht . . . seach an gcúis ar dtúis do thógbhas away from the point I raised at first, Ó Bruad. ii 234 . ní maith do thógbhais mar bhréig | go dtug it was not wise of you to challenge as false that . . ., Content. xiii 17 .

(p) sets up, causes: as minic togus crupan ┐ toghairmeas an bás, 23 P 10, 24a55 . is i an leisgi ┐ an druis da ní do thog locht isna corpaibh sa Gréig, 24 P 3, 135.12 .

(r) With various nouns: in t-ánius romōr tuargabais fort, Ériu viii 157.32 . dothógbhais béim ar an bhfear, Content. xiii 2 . rothógbatar . . . clesa curad, Fianaig. 96.26 . coscur . . . trén tuargaib, SR 5581 . Nemruad . . . tuargaib a gleo co mórgráin, 2698 . dothógbais . . . iomarbháigh a hucht Muimhneach, O'Gr. Cat. 534.5 . do tógbád imarbhágh uaibh | a éigsi Bhanba, 535.15 . gé dothógbhais air mar oil though you blamed him, Content. xv 50 . bid aithrech leó an triall tóccbaitt, Cog. 86.25 . Note also: tógbhaid anocht ortha . . . | cor gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.19 .

II Intrans.

(a) rises: dofuargaib Adam astsruth, SR 1883 . intan donórcaib grīan, TBC-I¹ 3443 . bás cethorchat . . . dia túargaib . . . grían, Fél. March 9 . túargaib dóib gáeth, Anecd. i 52 § 18 . dufuargabsat huisci moro robuir intan rombói popul dǽ fora muir, Ml. 96c1 . tuarcaib abann Liphe friu, IT i 45.2 . co tuargab ind ob friu tria nert Dé, Lat. Lives 19.12 . túargaib . . . tomaidm locha Léin lindmair, Metr. Dinds. iii 26 . ? Of a muster for battle: do thógbhadar leis an ordughadh Clann Mhuirigh, RC ii 178.9 .

(b) appears: túargaib co sluagaib, SR 6901 . tuarcaib grian na fírinde dóib dá cech leith, PH 7062 . ni tuargaibhset na cōic rōid sin for Erinn gusa anocht, Anecd. ii 5.1 .

(c) betakes oneself, makes off, rides aloft, soars (with various prepp.): do thógaibh Oilill Finn air . . . tresan sluagh siar, Ériu viii 139.1 . in tan fa hollam in fhled . . . thógbus Cathal O Céin air, SG 282.9 . tógbhais Bricni roimhe ó Cruachain siar, Ériu viii 135.22 . rothóguibh rompa da gach muine for a chéile he flew from thicket to thicket, BS 176.32 . ro tógaib Suibhne uime co háithétrom, 16 § 15 . rothógaibh S. uimi co hétrom do ind gach aird, 114 § 57 .

(d) Miscellaneous: tógbhait na nāimhde ōn mbaili raise the seige of the town, Fl. Earls 48.26 . rothōcoibset na doctūiridhe de gave him up, 144.17 .

escir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. escir or dil.ie/20454

Forms: eiscrech, Escrach, Easccrach

n k(?), f. a ridge, an elevation (separating two plains or depressed surfaces): eiscir .i. cir oc eisc, ar ni bi ard cen fan occa, nó eiscir .i. ni gnīm lām acht is Dia dorigni in tocbail sin (ref. to χείρ), O'Mulc. 434 . conucbud in talam súas fó P. isind áth ┐ fogobat ind eolaig beos ind eiscir sin `that ridge' Trip. 92.19 . gleand cumung go n-eiscir uraird dara lar, CCath. 2408 . rathuitt ac Escir na Fian, LL 205a20 . sab rainne Hérend i ndó | Escir Riadda..., Metr. Dinds. iii 282.90 . san Gairbh-eisgir, AU 1475 . pn g s. maidhm na Gairb-eiscrech , L. Chl. S. § 49 . caislen Escrech Abhann, AU 1512 ( Eiscreach, AFM ). Cf. Ath Escrach Cuan, 1307 = Ath Easccrach Cuan `the ford of St. Cuan's esker or ridge' AFM .

indaas, indás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indaas, indás or dil.ie/28307

Forms: ind, indāu-su, indu, innu-sa, inú, inaī-siu, indaas, indáas, indas, indás, inas, inás, indas, inddas, inna, ināss, iná, ion, inaimne, itamni, innámne, innathe, inati-si, indatae, indate, indaite, ináitte, indāt, ināit, ionáid, imbói, inbói, in-mbói

part (=ind-n-taas `als das, was er ist,' Thurn. ZCP xx 244 ff ., i.e. ind (dat. sg. of neut. art. used as demonstrative) +rel. -n- + subst. verb.) s. 1 indāu-su, Cáin Ad. § 6. indu, RC iii 346.17 . innu-sa, xiv 38.16 . inú, BNnÉ 91 § 196 . s. 2 inaī-siu, ML² 1365. s. 3 indaas, Ml. 22c14 . indáas, 85b11 . indas, 34a5 . indás, LU 8981. inas, PH 6731. inás, 3014 . indas, 6988 . inddas, Mon. Tall. 128.22 . inna, Laws iv 250.7 Comm. ināss, Fl. Earls 58.6 . iná, DDána 114 § 18. ion, TSh. 22. pl. 1 inaimne, Fél.² xxxii 36 = itamni, Fél. 40.28 . innámne, Lism. L. 1330. pl. 2 innathe, IT iii 506 § 2. inati-si, BB 482a34 . pl. 3 indatae, Ml. 43d18 . indate, 77a1 . indaite, ACL iii 318 § 70. ináitte, BNnÉ 80 § 160. indāt, Ériu iii 29 § 2. ināit, ML² 321. ionáid, TSh. 2456. pret. s. 3 imbói, Ml. 53d6 (which Thurn. loc. cit. p. 248 regards as possibly a mistake for inbói or in-mbói). Cf. oldaas, s.v. 3 ol.

than, than is (on usage see GOI § 779 ) : messa fria mbraithrea indate a nnamait `worse to their brethren than are their enemies,' Ml. 100c26 . indaas bemmi i ndoiri coricci sentaid `than that we should be in captivity till old age,' 105b6 . is toisechu ani siu indaas a ndabeir-som arthuus, 47a14 . indaas hi cairptib ┐ in n-echaib ┐ indaas ar n-erbud in nar neurt `than in chariots and in horses and than our trusting in our strength,' 43d3 . indas no cundraiged `than that he should traffic,' 39a6 . asberad som na mbu tressa dia hirusalem imbói dia cecha cathrach olchena than was the god of any other city, 53d6 . ca sluag rop ailliu innathe `schöner als ihr seid,' IT iii 506 § 2. bid tressai indás bág Foraind, SR 3892. ni mó a cin frib ... indás na tucsaid úadib than what you have brought from them, LU 8981. batir menciu fir Hérenn oc do chosnamso ... indás beith duitsiu for merugud, BDD² 260. ní mo cháinit na dáine he inát na hanmunda aile `not more do the people bewail him than (do) the other living creatures,' Fél.² xl.y (here, though a vb. is understood after it, inát is attracted into agreement with the follg. noun, cf. is lia do loingius dó innat srotha in betha, Marco P. § 134 ). ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill dia gabail ind tsailm de memur indas cid fri saltair `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning ... than it is when he is reading it in the psalter,' Mon. Tall. 142.25 . is taisce atbél inás dogén do diultad-sa, PH 3014. bad cháined dom ḟir co mbad beodu a ben indá, TBC-LL¹ 39. cid is mesam iná sin, ZCP viii 113.13 . cethri tunna ... budh lugha inassom fria a taobhaibh, i 372 § 79. ni mo rancatar a les dul ... innusa `they do not need ... more than I,' RC xiv 38.16 . ni cuimcim, is mō a cumachta indu her power is greater than mine ?, iii 346.17 . gach nech is sine inaī-siu, is oidedha duit iat, ML² 1365. is uaisli a hairilliudh fiadh Dia innámne `her merit before God is higher than ours,' Lism. L. 1330. ba huasal immaille fri daoinibh inti Ruadan ; ba huaisle immaille fri Dia inas, BNnÉ 328 § 59. níor chorruighthe dho ioná dhuit, TD 30 § 25. is mo is feidmnert a tocbail ... inna ni triallaid `than anything ye attempt,' TTebe 2482 . ni tháinic ... mac riogh as fearr muintire inas é, ITS v 102.17 . mo a ndernais inam dlighe (leg. iná [a] ndl.) thou hast done more than thou art entitled to do, Prolegomena 42 § 10. Somet. immar or ama(i)l follow indaas before a dependent sentence : indaas amal mbite, Ml. 86d11 . is mó inás imar dlegar `which is greater than is due,' BColm. 98.10 . gia no canta ceoil ... ni ferr do choideladh inas amail rochodail, RC xliii 22.7 .

Also andá(s) and ná(s) : measa daib ... in ri comaigthech ut ... andam-ni, Snedg. u. Mac R 31.19 . bid lia a mairb ... andáta a mbí, BDD² 802. is mo do berad Ulcan damsa ... anai-su, Celt. Rev. viii 110.2 . nach tanic a nErinn ... dibergach as mō romill anáss, RC xviii 294.14 . ba bindi in ceol isin anad ceola in domain, xxiv 58.z . asberit conad ferr a ndliged forsin righi annaisi `than thine,' Marco P. 54. cia as eolcha anáid ? `who is more experienced than thou ?' Ériu ix 176 § 1. ní mó andá óenmad rand fichet, LU 2455. soillsithir fó secht anda (oltas, v.l.) grían, IT i 176.10 . d'hilphianaib ... lia nat luibi for maigaib, SR 935. mire 'náit na morthonda, ZCP viii 221 § 48. sochla nás an mhuir mōrghorm, ib. robad ferr lim bith hi fus ... ná dula ... co gríanan Á., LU 3931. ní as measa náid bhur n-aithre, Jeremiah xvi 12.

1 los

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 los or dil.ie/30698
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: loise, lois, loss, losa

n o, m. Appar. also ā, f. g s. loise, ZCP ii 556.21 , d s. lois, RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.) (= los, CS 274.16 ; loss, AFM ii 842.21 ), n p. losa, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 37a ).

I

(a) end, butt, foot, point (of a staff, stick, etc.): focherded a bunsach ríam conda gebed ar loss resíu dorótsad a bun for lár, LU 4869 . co lois na Bachla Issa, RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.). do sgeinn tobar uisge a ndiaig loise na bachaille, ZCP ii 556.21 (= cos, see 19 ). gurab tré bhonn Aonghusa do chuir Pádraig l.¤ a bhaichle, Keat. iii 361 (= rinn, 363 ). buille do l.¤ a throsdain with the butt-end of his staff, ZCP x 10.10 . sciath . . . co n-a loss imthróm iarnaide, LL 189b2 . croch . . . a mbel na piasta, ┐ a cros rena carpat uachtarach ┐ a ll.¤ rena carpat ichtarach, Laud 610, fo. 8a (Plummer MS. notes). tucadur leó he co l.¤ na croichi (pes crucis), Smaointe B. Chr. 3999.

(b) stem of a drinking-horn(?): go n-a naoi gcornaibh do (leg. co?) losaibh óir, Ériu i 95.3 . Of altar vessels: ceithri corn (g pl.) . . . robris imorro ┐ tall a n-innmusa ┐ a lasa[d] (leg. losa) dibh, AU ii 226.9 = lossa, AFM iii 110.4 .

(c) tail of an animal; tip of the tail(?): l.¤ .i. erball, O'Cl. iss ithi lochad co a llos. Slucid iarum erboll na llochad, RC xiii 446 § 30 . luchóg go n-a l.¤ do shlogadh, Keat. ii 2521 . nuimir mor do deilgnibh iarnaidhe ar a losaibh, Aisl. Tond. 104.15 . By extension, of a cloak: bruitt dubglassa fá loss i forcipul impu, TBC-LL¹ 4359.

(d) By transf. gain, increase, result : dober . . . luth ┐ nert céit in gach fer acuibh . . . ┐ dober loss ┐ solad daibh arnach bid urcra, RC xiv 36 § 28. ? crābud in buirb co n-indmus, l.¤ diūit nit goire a grīs, ZCP vii 311 § 16.

(e) In particular, produce or young of cattle , usually in contexts where the cattle, through having been stolen or temporarily forfeited, have been in the possession of others not their owners, and during this period have calved: l.¤ .i. fas, Lec. Gl. 326 (M 139) . l.¤ .i. na laigh, O'D. 1122 ( H 2.15A, 56 ). ní fo-roxla taide no cnet . . . as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile; mad beodile co n-as ┐ l.¤ ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem `Jungen', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 . as ┐ l.¤ ┐ geart `Junge (die Kälber)'. ZCP xv 240 § 3 . icuidh aithgin a chota gan l.¤, gan as, gan inorbairt he pays the exact amount of his share without the natural increase, Laws iv 256.15 Comm . (of one who had absconded without payment of his share of a debt but his `fine' had paid it for him. On his return he must pay simply the original amount of his liability). techta fuillema gill dobeir ben bo-aireigh ┐ occaireich la Feine; ni taibret . . . acht lusaib a cethra `they give but in the produce of their cattle' (something omitted before lusaib?), v 386.26 . madh geall do berur fri fiachuibh ┐ bidh l.¤ for in fiach, dia mbe fonuidm in luis is a ícc, i 280.13 , 14 Comm . muna be fonuidm . . . ní híctur acht colunn náma; ┐ taisiuc in gill, cid geall luis, 17 Comm . co fuillem .i. mblechta, no losa .i. innuth, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 379 ) (see indad). cona buar bera acht leth loss, . . . .i. . . . leith in neich ro losustar acut . . . , O'Curry 440 ( H 3.18 237a ). scaile[d] a set arin los, Laws v 438.12 Comm . (? = `alienating the principal for interest on it', Plummer MS. Notes).

II In prepositional phrases and compounded with oen has the meaning end, purpose, consequence (perh. also in: cáit assa tecait? . . . nó co lus tíagait `to what end?', Acall. 6285 ): oen-lus (see also ar oen-lus, below) intention, set purpose : guach cach brathum, aen-lus ┐ taige (= táide) `intentional or with concealment', Laws v 458.5 . it comarda a n-eiric aen-lus ┐ taige, 10 .

ar óen-lus intentionally, deliberately : nach ar ealguin . . . na ar aonlus, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37a ). im cāinte . . . ┐ gona . . . cid ar aon lus dognethur ni digbunn a laneineclunn ium nech, Laws i 58.14 Comm . benaimsi in cluiccīn sae / . . . ar ōenlus / co nā hesboi Doelgus daith, Cáin Ad. 18 . as mor na coirthe do chomaentaigh sibh do denam ar oen l.¤ gl. mor bar ccionta comraite, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 n.7 . mad ar oenlus asbera nech in goi `deliberately', Ériu vii 158.7 . banbeim ar aenlus, . . . sarughudh ar aenlus, Laws iv 364.4, 6 Comm . ? Amloṅgaid ān Ōengus / attreb tōeba Temro, dosnort aridn-ōenlus (? leg. arind o.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 4 (`by his sole strength', Hail Brigit p. 7 ). Also d'óenlus: ba fora iarair d'aonloss do dheochattar, Hugh Roe² 10.13 .

a l.¤ , ar l.¤ , di l.¤ , i l.¤ l. (a) in consequence of, as a result of, on account of: a l.¤ a carut, Laws ii 280.16 (see ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ). l.¤ .i. son, as bhar l.¤ .i. as bhar son, O'Cl. a láimh gach [aoin] aigérus asa l.¤ who shall sue on their account, O'D. 547 ( H 3.17, 436 ). ba cara doib Gorthigern a l.¤ a mna, LU 232. ro gab eacla . . . Find assar l.¤-ne on our account, Acall. 6506 . a ll.¤ crochi Crist didiu nach ecail lind gorta, LB 233b48 . ro mallachtastair Noe Cam a ll.¤ a nderna, BB 5a2 . saiget do chur i Maoilechlainn . . . ┐ a écc as a l.¤ in consequence, AFM iv 800.11 . ar l.¤ corbaidh mhna Cuind `because of the depravity', Ériu iii 154.29 . ar l.¤ aimlesa `on account of a false charge', Ann. Conn. 1254.7 . tú ós ar gcinn-ne, a chros Eoghain, / m'inmhe ar a l.¤ laighdeobhaidh, DDána 65.4 . Similarly, ar losaib: ar losaibh dhoirre Domhnaill `because of D.'s anger', Studies 1924, 242 § 8 , cf. ar losain [leg. losaibh ?] an trír do thuit / an tír fa chosaibh Cormuic for the sake of (the sons of Uisnech). Aithd. D. 6.31 . truagh a Mhuire ar lén da l.¤ , L. Cl. A. B. 142.99 . cf. 138.95 . do thromluigh ceas lonn dā l.¤ , Hackett liv 24 . a marbad i llos na n-eladhan sin do beith acco, Acall. 6094 . 'na l.¤-sain 'na loighe atá, DDána 79.12 . go gcailltear a l.¤ an bháis an onóir shaoghalta leis na daoinibh bhíos mórdha ré linn a mbeatha (? simply after), TSh. 916.

(b) by means of, by dint of, by virtue of: a ll.¤ a lín is a craind / Beoan iascairi Comgaill / dosrat, LU 3071 . ceṅglaidsi in fersain a llus nirt, LL 2545 . ro briss a ll.¤ chlaidib chróin / for síl n-airdairc ṅHerimóin / cath Éle, 2000 . nocor' gabh Iúil Césair . . . a l.¤ a lámha, CCath. 68 . gur tairrnccedar . . . an chruit as a lambuibh a los éiccin by main force, Ériu iv 61 § 52 . tairccsin mheallta muinntire Brenainn don diabhal hi llos ítan, BNnÉ 63 § 90 . dochuaid as ar l.¤ a lama, Ann. Conn. 1230.7 . ni claidhfidis fir in talman . . . ar l.¤ nirt na nidhecais é, ZCP vi 44.29 . ar lus na lethláim (sic) using one hand only(?), TBC-LL¹ 2123 (see Études Celt. iv 317 ). dia mbēraind hi lloss retha hí don ḟēin uile, ZCP xii 375.12 . bith a deimin accutt nach i lus ghaile inā gaiscid rachu isin inad naobh sin, Grail 3745 . ? dorala Arcomenus . . . a lloss claidib fri Hechtoir `came to blows with', TTr.² 960.

(c) Of dragging by: a ngabail a l.¤ a mullaig eiste, . . . a tarrung a l.¤ a putrull mun dighsit cena (of an abbot expelling monks), Laws v 208.26 - 27 Comm . coro thairṅgiset . . . chucu in ṁboin sin loch a llus a herbuill, LL 21197 . a tócbail a ll.¤ a fuilt `by the hair of her head', PH 1394 . rotharraing Concubar Ilbreach a l.¤ a chinn chuigi, Caithr. CC 45.15 .

(d) about, concerning : ro doilbit sceoil bregi imda . . . a llus Cesair, CCath. 750. cf. Hugh Roe² 236.21 . scēl lem a llus na mbennacht / fa ḟūair Muiri mōrchendacht concerning(?), ACL iii 244 § 3 . cidh drochcelmaine atcluinim asa loss, CCath. 4051 . a ll.¤ tuarastail, RC xviii 271.30 (Tig.). sith do denam . . . risna hespocaib . . . ar lus feraind Patrisius hi Connachtaib, Ann. Conn. 1241.12 (`on account of').

(e) in charge of, concerned with (cf. i mbun): mac in chírmaire a llus chír, LL 18797 . da m-bammar ac Scathaig / a llus gascid gnathaig, TBC-LL¹ 3466 . in t-aél a llus in bíd / iss ed as chubaid ra hardríg, LL 300ay . fiarfaighis de in bó lonn leis beith a ll.¤ proinne na manach, BNnÉ 28 § 31 .

(f) about to: in tan adconnairc Lusus a athair do thoitim, ┐ Aenias a l.¤ a chind do buain de `about to shear off', Aen. 2631 . truagh fós, gan faicsin t'fhiodhbhadh / liom, ar l.¤ mo cheiliobhradh, Celtica iv 116 § 8 .

Compds. (i) With adj. ¤ard: ? scoirpioin In[d]ecda ba l. side luagh a n-iarcomlai foraib, BB 494b36 = scorpíon Indecda dorala for a iarcómla a mboi ina sesum, Alex. 705 . ¤chael: mil . . . / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56 ( ¤chlaen, v.l. 14 § 30 ). ¤glan: cethri cuirnd losglana im loinn fair-shanked, Fen. 370.16 . ? ¤ḟinn white-tailed, white-tipped(?): cet ndart flann, cet ndairti loisinn, O'Curry 784 ( H 3.18, 367a ).

maise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maise or dil.ie/31425

Forms: masse, maisse, maise, maisi, mimaisi, maisi, masse

n , f., (orig. io, n.; n s. with art. a masse , Wb. 28c25 ) abstr. of 2 mass. Goodliness, comeliness, fineness, chiefly of external qualities and appearance . maisse, gl. pulchritudo, Ir. Gl. 927. maise, gl. decor, 1083 . maisi (id.), 1108 . mimaisi, gl. dedecor, 1084 , 1109 . ni pi cian a masse in choirp, Wb. 28c25 . eter mét ┐ miad ┐ masse, TBC-LL¹ 5297 = maisi, TBC-I¹ 3224. ótchondcatar in miad ┐ in mórmassi sin do bith for Íasón, LL 217b31 ( TTr. 55 ). a chroch noem . . . ro gabaiss maisse la sochraide, PH 2447. a maisi fororda in pardais!, 8333 . maisi greinc, BNnÉ 193.6 . do mhúch maise gach leasa is gach áruis, Keat. Poems 496. maise a faicsena, Jas. i 11. g s. as attrib.: a múr masse maic C., LL 21a9 ; cf. ar dreich ndendmaisse, BDD 100 g . Of worldly state or pomp: maisse (.i. biad maith ┐ etach) doíne, Hy. ii 5. cen chorthair partaing russi, | cen gorm, cen derg, cen maissi finery , Ériu iii 96 § 5 , cf. ACL iii 320.1 . maisi [a ṡluaigh] for Maigh Muirthemhne `the mustering (? parade) of his army', Leb. Cert. 6.7 . ropo do Meidb a maisse | in lá for múr Muccaisse that day was one of state for M., Metr. Dinds. iii 392. ba de bóe iar masse brón mourning followed on glory, LL 154a 29 ; cf. Metr. Dinds. ii 38.35 . fiadh maise `the Lord God of order or system', P. O'C.

In fig. sense of that which is seemly , becoming: mo thasi for coí | bád masi la Dia, LU 9976 (`my remains being lamented will be pleasing to God', PRIA iii 538 § 37 ). co mbad hed no gessed . . . co ṁmaissi, Fél. Ep. 218. léghaim fa mhaisi . . . leabhar Molaisi `with delight' (?), BNnÉ 260 § 220. Esp. of that which confers dignity, lustre, renown, etc., credit, ornament, glory: dond eclais noeb ba masse, SR 4531. ní cheil maissi dona mnaíb | Temair cen taissi ar tócbáil (= the building of T. redounds to the glory of women), Metr. Dinds. i 6 (dobeir maisi v.l.). is ferr in mhaisi duin bas d'fagbail it is more honourable for us to die, RC xix 156.6 . robo maith a maisi dó é it was a great credit to him, ZCP vi 94.34 . is m.¤ limm = is mass limm: nir bo miadh no m.¤ leisna maithib . . . tarcaisne do tabairt orrto, CF 23. nirbo maisi les gan a aincridi do iarraid for Grecaib, Aen. 26. Cf. TBC-I¹ 2021 , CCath. 5355. níor mh.¤ leis aoinní da raibhe aige i gcomhair na fleidhe he did not think anything he had prepared for the feast good enough, Keat. iii 1052. cumad air fesin no beth maisi in catha do brisedh that he himself might have the glory of routing the foe, Lism. L. 3106. in t-ár doratsat námait na Roman forto, a maissi . . . sin do bith don righ Romanach that the Roman chief should reap the honour . . . of the slaughter inflicted on the Roman people by their enemies, CCath. 3184. Ironical: uair massi madma lind dula esti (= to leave would gain us the credit of taking to flight), LL 264b7 ( MU 18.15 ); cf. luidh Conall . . . go Dún Liamhna . . . i n-ar marbhadh madhma mas, Keat. ii 5764 (poem), where last two words may be a cheville.

1 mind, minn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mind, minn or dil.ie/32297
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: mind, m., ṁmind, m., mínd, mínd, mind, miond, mind, mionna

n o, n. and m. n s. mind n-abstalacte, Wb. 20d6 . (with art.) a m.¤ , Thes. i 491.28 . a ṁmind-sa, Fél. Dec. 18. m.¤ n-óir, TBC-LL¹ 1557. n p. mínd, Ml. 18d14 . a p. inna mínd , Thes. ii 29.29 . For quality of final consonants, see Auraic. 4395 : mind iphin and (i.e. Ogham io). miond (mionn), pl. mind, mionna (anomalous), IGT Dec. § 60.

(a) a distinguishing badge or emblem of honour or rank , esp. one worn on the head, a crown, diadem , etc.: gl. insigne, insignia, Ml. 18d14 , 25d8 , 35d16 , 129c5 , BCr. 41c1 ; stigmata, Wb. 20d6 ; diadema, Tur. 95 ( Thes. i 491 ). m.¤ . . . a mund[i]tia .i. on gloine, Corm. Y 900. m.¤ n-óir budi in folt fordatuigither, FB 45. m.¤ doberar for cend miled (gl. bratium), O'Mulc. 123. barrin .i. m.¤ cind, Aen. 1587 (= tiaras, Aeneid vii 247 ). Worn by kings: stuag . . . os chind ind ordnide . . . amal m.¤ ríg, FA 8. adchondairc na riga . . . oc gabail a m.¤ for a cennai, TBC-I¹ 3464. dia mberad a m.¤ oir do chind na rigna, LU 4224. m.¤ rígda, PH 2118. By druids or sages: tri druide . . . co minnaib airgid (for a g[c]ennaib, Eg.), RC xxiv 144.7 . Anecd. ii 79.12 . is tre fir flaitheman rosaig cech dān mochtaide m.¤ suithe, ZCP xi 93 § 24 (perh. fig. apex of knowledge). By soldiers: a scabail fona minnaib sliptha soradhaircc `their helmets under their diadems' (? crests), Marco P. 61. ro bean a m.¤ catha dia chind helmet (?), D IV 2, 67rb10 . um armaib ┐ um mórminnaib ` crests ', Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.21 . Of other insignia: a dō secht ṅdeich . . . tuidmide dronmind dergóir (of bells on high priest's robe), SR 4506. minn duirn, Anecd. iii 307 § 20. claideb . . . ba m.¤ rígraide Inse Fáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 122 (cf. 2 mind). m.¤ do luir for a chend a laurel-wreath , Aen. 1027. Cf. Eochu . . . dofeid (.i. aisnéidh) fianna fo minnaib (.i. arraib), LL 393a53 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 1 , where Meyer explains he leads warrior-bands under crowns (an allusion to winning the kingship); the gl. in LL seems = soldiers' pay (? sureties, oaths , cf. d).

(b) a halidom or venerated object , esp. something connected with a saint, secondary relics Peritia xvii-xviii 223 , Studies in the Cult of Saint Columba 138 ; freq. in religious lit. mo chros . . . minn co mbloidh, ZCP x 342.4 . scrin Coluimcille ┐ a minna olchena, AU 877. minda Colaim Chille .i. Clog na righ ┐ an Chuilebaidh ┐ in da soscéla, RC xviii 12.26 (Tig.). na seacht mionna battar . . . ag Maodhóg . . . .i. an Bhrec ┐ an Bhachall Branduibh, etc., BNnÉ 244 § 195. ceall co minnaib, Laws v 222.17 Comm. do chumhdach minn ┐ mainisdrech, Lism. L. 872. airdmhionn Connacht .i. an Buacach Patraig chief halidom, AFM iv 790.4 . gan leabhair náid mionna i reighléis, Keat. iii 2767 . Such halidoms were frequently used for taking oaths on and making compacts, see Plummer, V. SS. Hib. p. cv and n. 9 ib. iar comlugi fo minnaib Brigti ┐ Caemgin, LL 32a19 (scribal note above line). m.¤ cotaig (of a bell used for swearing a covenant), BColm. 26.21 .

(c) transf. of persons, commonly used of heroes, kings, saints: Moisi minn os betha barc, SR 3865. ar m.¤ n-axal `our diadem of colloquies' (of Colum C.), ACC 82 ( RC xx 266 ). mál m.¤ mór (of the druid Cathbad), IT i 68.16 . epscop Mel m.¤ rígi, Fél. Feb. 6. Feb. 12. Mar. 29. m.¤ slúaig (of Bress), Metr. Dinds. iii 218.23 . m.¤ teglaigh ┐ sloigh, Fianaig. 6.9 . m.¤ amra i[a]rthair domain, Cog. 30.16 . fuair-sum olc dia Mairt in m.¤ the hero himself met with disaster on Tuesday (?), Ériu v 246. 241 . a Muire, a m.¤ mormaisech, Ériu i 122.12 . a Mhíchéil mo mhionn!, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 11. m.¤ .i. uasal no suí, O'Dav. 1220. Of things: celebrad cóir . . . is m.¤ cach muid mōir the crown of every great work, Ériu i 64.1 . Folld. by defining gen.: mionn sgine a treasure of a blade, TD 33.2 . mionn saltrach a precious psalter , Gofraidh Fionn iii 14 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). minn sbuir, Ir. Review 1912 p. 471 § 6 . With gen. in certain stereotyped phrases: ba m.¤ mbetha (of a flock of sheep), Anecd. i 57 § 58. ba m.¤ craidi doib the darling of their hearts, BB 436b32 . ba m.¤ súla sloigh the cynosure , Acall. 147 (of a drinking-horn). mionn súla (of a weapon), TD 33.5 . mionn súl áille gach ubhaill, Gofraidh Fionn v 20 .

(d) an oath, vow , use arising from custom of swearing on halidoms; in earlier exx. the word refers rather to the halidom itself than the oath, but in time comes to mean `oath' in general; both senses are combined in follg. ex.: do ṡín . . . a lámh amach . . . do thabhairt na mionn ┐ níor ḟéad se a chrobh do druid fa na mionnaibh, Ériu v 98.6 . amail . . . dobertha mionna riu, ib. 140 § 130 . iar sarughudh . . . a mhind dó after he had violated his oath, AU ii 138.4 . tucatar cuir ┐ minda dó air sin `sureties and oaths', BCC § 256. tug rí Frangc a minna fon ændia cumachtach, ZCP vi 34.17 . minic dobheirim re bréig mionna an leabhair I swear falsely by the book, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 10. mo chéad-aingeal liom gach laoi | mionn nach caoi éadaingean í `I swear it is (? a surety that it is) no unsafe way', xx 15 . dobheara mhionna shall swear, Isaiah iii 7. do ben minna da ṡiair fa marbad uile he made his sister swear to kill them all, Maund. 82. Content. xvi 169. amail no betais d'áen-mindaibh (i.e. as if they had conspired together), Expugn. Hib. § 83. aingil nó naoimh do luighe mar mhiond, Carswell 219. mionna (defined as calling God to witness that one has spoken truth), Luc. Fid. 98.3 .

Compds. ¤a crowned king: saighfidh mindrígha, Lism. L. 2808. With adj.: míl ¤nár, SR 1210 (leg. mín-nár?). Mainchin ¤bán ` fair-diademed' (?), Gorm. Jan. 13. tocbail croiche caemh-Crist | in meirge moir ¤glain, ib. Sep. 14. Muchius ¤noem, June 15 .

oc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oc or dil.ie/33397

Forms: oc(c), ac, oc, ac, ic, ag, ocin, ocind, ocon(d), icon(d), con(d), ocna, ocna, icna, ocum, acum, icum, agam-sa, ocut, acut, acot-su, icot, occo, occa, oca-som, ocae, occai, oc(c)o, oc(c)ae, aci, aice, aige, occai, occae, occi, occai, acci, aicce, aice, aici, ocunn, ocainn, acainn, ocaind, oc(c)aib, acaib, ocaib, occo, oc(c)a, oc(c)u, acu, aca, octhaib, oc, oc, ocom, icom, 'com, occ, oc(c)ot, ic(c)ot, cot, occa, occo, oco, oc(c)a, ic(c)a, coa, ca, ga, occar, coar, cár, oc, oc, ocabar, icabar, co, ga, occa, ocua, ocaó, ica, coa-ta, ica-t, ca-tá, ga-tátt, gán, cán

prep. governing dat. O.Ir. oc(c); ac, Ml. 22a5 , 82d11 . Mid.Ir. oc, ac, ic. Mod. ag. Causes no change in initial of a subst. immediately following. In Mid.Ir. often loses initial vowel in composition with art. or poss. pron. With art.: s. ocin bathis, Tur. 68 ; ocind oipred, Sg. 190b3 . Mid.Ir. ocon(d); icon(d); 'con(d). pl. ocna fothaircthib, Sg. 217a4 . Mid.Ir. ocna, icna.

With pers. pron.: 1 s. Mid.Ir. ocum, acum; icum; agam-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2207. 2 s. Mid.Ir. ocut; acut, LU 3917 ; acot-su, 4016 ; icot. 3 s. m. & n. occo, Wb. 5a26 . occa, Wb. 8a11 , Hy. i 36 T . oca-som, LU 9019 ( FB 77 ). ocae, Ml. 41d3 . occai, Hy. i 36 F , ii 55 . Mid.Ir. oc(c)o, oc(c)ae, aci, aice. Mod. aige. 3 s. f. occai, Ml. 67d23 . occae, 89c16 . occi, Sg. 7a2 . Mid.Ir. occai, acci, aicce. Mod. aice, aici. 1 pl. ocunn; in Mid.Ir. often with palatal final, ocainn, acainn; ocaind, LU 8829 ( FB 62 ). 2 pl. Mid.Ir. oc(c)aib, acaib. 3 pl. ocaib, LU 3243 , 9166 . occo, 8874 , 9018 , 9094 . oc(c)a, oc(c)u, acu. Mod. aca. octhaib, Ériu iv 144.1 is a late analogical form.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. oc mo, Wb. 26c2 . oc mu, Thes. ii 293. 16 . Mid.Ir. ocom, icom, 'com. 2 s. occ t'adrad, Wb. 5a25 . ac du guidi, Ml. 22a5 . oc(c)ot, ic(c)ot, 'cot. 3 s. occa, Wb. 24c13 , 28d10 . occo, Sg. 67a10 . oco, 213b4 . oc(c)a, ic(c)a: 'coa; 'ca: ga, TBC-LL¹ 5713 , 5720 . Mod. ag a, 'gá. 1 pl. occar n-, Wb. 4b16 , 10c22 . coar n-, SR 1500. cár, PH 1849. 2 pl. oc far n-, Wb. 5d33 . oc bar, 25c16 . ic for, SR 1246. ocabar n-, PH 2669. icabar, LL 238b34 . co for n-, LU 5244 (H). ga bar, LB 110b57 . 3 pl. occa n-, Wb. 16c5 , 20c3 . ocua n-, Ml. 18b4 . ocaó n-, LU 4630 . ica n-.

With rel. pron.: nearly always folld. by subst. vb.; no exx. in Glosses. coa-ta, TBC-LL¹ 1236 (2 s.) co ata, Rawl. 152b38 (3 s.). ica-t, TBC-LL¹ 1616. ca-tá, 120 . ga-tátt, BColm. 80.29 (3 pl.). ca mbia, IT i 190.15 ( FA 30 LB). oca mbaí, TBC-LL¹ 3516. coa rabi, 785 . gá farcgaib, 786 . gar cumad, ZCP viii 114 § 13.

Isolated exx. occur with cop.: pres. sdéd gan dóigh urraim na n-eillteadh, IGT Dec. ex. 1177 = gán, 662 . cán, Hy Fiach. 284. pret. on curi car terc sluaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 418.20 . As preverb, only in composition with ben- (subst. vb.), see ocuben.

In general sense denotes proximity, local or figurative (always of rest in a place or state).

I In local sense

(a) at, beside, close to: oc na fothaircthib at the baths, Sg. 217a4 . occi (gl. iuxta se), 7a2 . imdi noa occai (gl. Tarsis potens navium), Ml. 67d23 . cáingrían ocon tṡléib sin, Fél. Oct. 20. icon dún . . . .i. oc Dún Mac N., TBC-LL¹ 1225. in fetar-su cia fil icond áth?, 1157 . oc cros ind-dorus lis by the cross in front of the hostel, Mon. Tall. § 62. dessid Ísu ic meis, PH 5035 , cf. dessid ocon muicc sat down (to carve) the pig, IT 100.22 . oc Ierusalem, PH 485. fert Fergusa . . . fil ic Findloch i Connachta, ACL iii 5.4 . cantairecht do tocbail agun altoir, ZCP viii 115 § 27. gom thoigh at my house, 219 § 9 . tair ic taurcbáil na gréne in the quarter of sunrise, IT i 129.9 . Cf. is e fil oc mo gerran-sa who is in charge of my nag, Ériu v 30.9 . Exceptionally after vb. of motion (in fig. sense): do impo se na Lumbardaig . . . oc creidium na heclasi, ZCP xiii 184.2 .

(b) in fig. sense, beside = compared with (Germ. neben): luin oc elaib, Corm. Y 69 , cf. gloss in LU 330 : .i. deróli na luin i farrad na n-ela. marbāin inna bliadna so, | nirbo chuīnti nech occo there was none worth bewailing compared with them, Bruchst. i § 96 = níbo caointe ní occa, TFrag. 60.15 .

(c) folld. by demonstr. pron. so, sin, sút and a subst., form- ing an elliptical sent. here (there) is (are) (= Lat. ecce, Fr. voici, voilà). The form ac is always used in this construction, which is unknown in O.Ir. The orig. constr. is prob.: oc so (sin) atá . . . , the prep. governing the demonstr.; but later ac so (sin) comes to be regarded as a compd. adv. and the follg. subst. is sometimes in acc. case. See IGT Introd. § 128 , where ag so, ag sin and ag súd are said to be followed either by nom. or acc., `ag sin bean gheal' and `ag sin mhnáoi ngil' being both correct. ac so me here I am, PH 638. ac so uan Dé, 3794 . ac sin chucut do ríg (= ecce rex tuus venit tibi), 4376 . ac seo in corn-so dúib, LL 301b3 ( RC xiii 62 x ). ac sin bar n-usci dhaibh, Ériu v 158.220 . ag soin . . . an mbunnainn, IGT Dec. ex. 561.

Ac so, ac sin are freq. used like Fr. voici, voilà to indicate respectively a following or a preceding statement, enumera- tion, etc. ag so an tres gniomh diobh . . . fer a ionaid do dermat, BNnÉ 263.1 . ethech ┐ bréga ┐ luigeda dímaine . . . ac sin brissed na cet-aithne, PH 7604. ac sein duit ocht fichit cest rá ernisem, LL 145a52 . ac sin a n-oidid éicin chloinde crōda Cennēidig, ZCP viii 120.7 . o Gabrann co Cnamchaill . . . ag sin in gnathrainn, Ériu ii 50 § 4. ag sin agat . . . slighe na ndeich n-aithne, Dán Dé vi 11.

II Of the time or occasion at or during which someth. takes place (often = Germ. bei):

(a) sulbaire degbelrai cen tognam n-occae (gl. gratia illaborata), Ml. 89c16 . nin-fortéit-ni in spirut oc suidiu the spirit helps us not herein (i.e. when we pray), Wb. 4a27 . bale i rrabe oc na clessaib engaged in sports, FB 43. an cetharlebar sosceli do aurlegund oc praind at meal- time, Mon. Tall. 29. crosfigild iarum oc domine probasti at (the words) `Domine p.', § 30. dia mbatar icon choibfhleid, PH 5048 . doratad anmunna forru icon bathis, 970 . fleadh gá sgaoiltir sgéla, IGT Dec. ex. 1051. (For: ic abardorcha, CCath. 1090 , read i cabar-.) Further extensions of this use: cid ar nach sechend ind eclais Crist ic timna na himdibe? why does not the Church follow Christ in the matter of circumci- sion? PH 5765. atbert Esaias oca césad when speaking of his passion, 2275 . atá an ghealach níosa lugha . . . mar deirim aice fein as I state when I deal with it, Corp. Astron. 88.18 .

(b) with 3 s. n. pron. used as advb. = at it, thereat, engaged therein, on that occasion, etc. ní torbe precept . . . mani dénatur ḟerte occa, Wb. 8a11 . oín-menme lib occo (gl. ut unanimes honorificetis Deum), 6d3 . huisque prius in calicem ┐ issed canar occo (i.e. while the water is poured into the chalice), Thes. ii 252.5 ( Stowe M. 64b ). Celestinus . . . isé ro herlig gráda fairseom, Germanus ┐ Amatho . . . ar aird occo G. and A. being present, Trip. 30.28 . ro baí munter P. oc búain orba . . . ros-gab íta mór occai, 236.2 . praind do tomailt . . . is a hurcul acht sailmchetal ┐ aurnaigti occo to eat . . . is for- bidden unless it is accompanied by psalm-singing, Mon. Tall. 65 . cudnód ind prainde arnā bether ocu nach cein that no long while may be spent over it, § 89. dā biait do cetol i crois- figill cen tairnem lama occa, RC xv 489 § 17. ma doragbus ní d'uabar . . . cluinte mo nuallan acai `hear me wail for it', Ériu ii 56 § 15 . nis-fil do plaig . . . nachus-bera sin for culu, acht corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430.6 .

III Folld. by vn. (strictly a case of II).

(a) after subst. vb., taking the place of a pres. part.; corre- sponding to the older Engl. gerundial construction `to be a-going'. ataat oc timthirecht apastolorum they are serving, Wb. 14a30 . ce rudbatar iudei occa thindnacul-som though . . . were delivering him up, 4b13 . Cf. is occ maid atáa he is engaged in good, 6a18 . itu ic frithalim na n-anmanna, SR 1187. bui- siom oc huamim sewing, Mon. Tall. 60. mor fer ro boí com iarraid many men have wooed me, SCC 44. ata mog Dé icot gairm is calling thee, PH 1369. tic Euá asin tsruth, bai for tir co [leg. coa or ca] tirmugud, SR 1686 = oca tirmugud, MacCarthy 66.7 . ro batar . . . duile De coar n-airmitein, SR 1500 = oc ár n-a., MacCarthy 60 z . ata Dia ic for togáes, SR 1246 = ga bar togaethad, MacCarthy 52.18 . ata drong . . . ocabar n-aithceód, PH 2669. ro bátár a cruti ocaó n-airfitiud playing to them, TBC-LL¹ 168 ( LU 4630 ).

Note the irreg. constr. in the follg. exx. in which oc accom- panied by rel. pron. governs a vn. in a rel. clause: fogéba . . . aní coa-taí iarair you will find what you are seeking, TBC-LL¹ 1236. fúr na fleidhi oca rabhadhuis denumh damsa which you were making for me, Lism. L. 2357. fírinde ina núfhiadnaise icca rabatar tairchetul of which they had been prophesying, PH 5768 . With prep. do inserted before vn.: do dhemnaib ca tai d'adrad whom thou worshippest, PH 634. is e so in t-Ísu oca raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 .

With ellipse of vb., in function of pres. part.: cid tu dana icim dail? who art thou that comest to meet me? IT i 127.4 . ingen oc ambrán singing, PH 889. siat oc slechtanaib . . . ┐ oc ádrad Ísu, 2615 . espuig ag adhaltras, ag meallad a ngraidh bishops adulterous, belying their orders, ZCP viii 209.29 . sib-si icc iarraid bar leicctiu don cath ┐ misi ica-for [accabur v.l.] fostadh, CCath. 5129.

After subst. vb. in impers. construction: cia bethir oc far n-ingrim though they be a-persecuting you, Wb. 5d33 . céin both oc taisbenad na flede dóib while they were setting forth the feast, FB 13. is and ro bas oca caíniud lamentation was made for them, 77 . atathar com breith don Teibh they are taking me to Thebes, RC x 180.35 . ru fitir níb uc denam a lessa ro bass and, RC iii 176.18 . The follg. ex. offers an analogous construction: os gar ndola con lō so since we are going to this battle (?), RC xxxvii 352 § 9 .

(b) with other vbs., referring to subj. of sent.: conid oc accaíne sin atbert in rí, PH 4268. ro-bar-n-élned oc adrad cloch ┐ crand by worshipping, 1707 . a fhuair [do máthair] do galar acut breith, 7390 . dorala Cairend doib ic tabairt usci do Temraig as she was bringing water, RC xxiv 192.17 . muna derntaí maith icabhur cosnum, Acall. 5141 = ocabar, Fr. Esp. used idiomatically after vbs. of beginning, continuing, desisting: forópair oc dogru, SCC 44. fecis Ailill oc cóí began to weep, IT i 127.17 . ro gab ac midem ┐ ac mórdescain, CRR 25. gabais Gabriel ga guidi, ACL iii 244 § 11. fuabrais ic troscadh for Ciaran, 5.2 . nā han ag atach Righ nimi cease not to beseech, ZCP vi 272 § 14. Analog. with abstr. noun: fos oc etli `per- severance in holiness', Mon. Tall. 19.

(c) referring to other member of sent. than subj.; imba immalei dō occa[r] taithchricc et occar n-áinsem? will he be at the same time redeeming us and accusing as? Wb. 4b16 . bliadain . . . dō ga hiarraidh he spent a year seeking her, IT i 129.15 . cen fial impu oca n-imdíten, MacCarthy 56.9 . doro- chair ecla forsna huli anchretmechu oca fhacsin sin, PH 2164. coro indisetar don rí cách uli oc édpairt dona deeib that all were sacrificing, 979 . ro brised in cath . . . ar Oilill ┐ ar Mheidb . . . oc tabairt tána bó cuȧilngi, RC vi 178.134 .

After the obj. of a vb. of seeing, hearing, etc., often as complement: otchí Isu in ṅduine ic comallnad a thimna when Jesus sees a man fulfilling his command, PH 4607. itcualamar in t-aingel oc comrád, 2968 .

(d) introducing an absolute adverbial phrase: issed aspered M. oca aurail do neoch fairsiom guidhi Dé laisiom when any one enjoined on him to pray God for him, Mon. Tall. 75. boi ingreimm mor forsna Cristaigib . . . oc eráil forru édpart do génum dona deeib, PH 962. is aire chanait . . . don anmain ic escómlad di asin churp, 8139 (= ica escomlad asin churp). ag clos linn . . . do fhreagra, Content. x 21. The follg. con- structions are mixed: gu rabha oc dul a anma ass he was at his last gasp, Irish Texts i 43.27 . nech lasmbad oc dil occorso do cheli Dē who was wont to satisfy the hunger of a servant of God, Ériu i 46.2 .

(e) after an adj.: it mathi side oc aslug these are good at seduction, Wb. 30c13 . it mathi inna ganema oc óul ind lenda (gl. bibulae), Ml. 129d14 . nitat soír oc tintuúth skilled in translating, Wb. 12b23 . cid trén oc tecmallad . . . cia bo labor oc tecmallad mighty . . . weak at gathering, 16c25 , 26 . nidam maith-se oc immarbaig, TBC-LL¹ 1676. Cf. bid gadhar tafaind Ailill oc iarraid crich ┐ ig cosnum mennato, RC xxiv 176.3 .

(f) the vn. following oc is often used in a passive sense, being in this case always preceded by a poss. pron. In Mod.Ir. g(h)á, d(h)á are used in this way. crann immua-mbiat [inna lestrai] ocua ndenum round which (vessels) are made, Ml. 18b4 . ita in cath oca ferthain indiu the battle is being fought, SCC 33. tintud septin . . . is hé ro malartad occo tintúdh [sic leg.] asind ebre isin ngreic which was corrupted in being trans- lated, Hib. Min. 10.335 . binnidir téta mendchrot aca seinm, TBC-LL¹ 209. atú-sa icom mess ona dib rigu I am being judged, PH 1407. dorigne in himaigin . . . co mbeth aice hi oca hadrad, 61 . gair ban ┐ mac aca milliud, TTebe 2155 . fuair se dias do muindtir E. aga ndicennud he found two . . . being be- headed, ZCP vi 281.26 . é féin aga imchor . . . a gcathaóir being carried, Fl. Earls 172.25 . iomad teach n-aoidheadh 'ga ndéa- namh ┐ leabhar da scríobhadh, Keat. iii 3037.

IV Of persons.

(a) with, among, denoting generally not mere proximity but some kind of association , corresponding to Lat. apud, Fr. chez, Germ. bei; often = at the house of, in the country of; used of an author in whose work some statement occurs, etc.

robem occa i mbithbethaid may we be with Him, Hy. i 36. ní n-accathar nech aile occut let no one else see it in your possession, FB 59. is acainne ḟuarais crích ┐ ferand among us (i.e. in Connacht), TBC-LL¹ 5944. nico raga do chorp-sa i n- ádnocul ocainde, PH 3693. iar n-a gabail doibh for creich occo after he had been made prisoner by them when he was raid- ing amongst them, MacCarthy 396.11 ( BB 48b ). ocut-sa dogním in cháisc (= in thy house), PH 5032. an agum-sa 'gud leig[i]us stay with me for thy healing, ZCP vi 37.12 . cid mís no bheinn gun ríg thess though I should spend a month with, ACL iii 304. 21 . anais octhaib .xl. láa he stayed with them, Ériu iv 144.1 . eoangelium ic grecaib, bonum nuntium . . . ic auctoraib na Roman the Greeks call it euangelium , ZCP viii 113 § 5. `amen' . . . is é a etarchert ic Aquil `fideliter'; is e imorro a etarchert oc Cirine `uere', PH 7982. ata tuaruscbail er in peccad-sa ic Solam i nEcclesi[asti]co , 7769 . léaghtar ag Iul Caesar isan seiseadh leabhar d'á stáir, Keat. i 72.95 . Esp. after fo-ácaib, of leaving someth. with some one: facbaid mallachtain aice ┐ berid mallachtain uada, PH 8289. fáccbais comarbus na cille sin ag Urcain, BNnÉ 264 § 226. iar faccbail [sic leg.] imcho- mhairc occa chele after bidding each other farewell, 328 § 56 . ó Ghuaire . . . gár ḟagaibh dámh mór mbennacht, ZCP viii 109.22 Cf. mod. `slán agat!' said by a departing guest in response to the host's `slán leat!'

In many cases oc in compos. with a plural pron. and follow- ing an interrog. or indef. pron. or numeral is used almost in a partitive sense like ó (see 1 ó vii); in early exx. there is a difference in meaning between oc and ó in such cases; in Mod.Ir. ag is freq. used in partitive sense. cia nod-máid acaib-si sin? who among you makes that boast? TBC-LL¹ 1974. cia bad chóir da ḟúapairt Conculaind accu which of them ought to attack C., 2077 . cach mac gaibes gaisced acaib, IT i 101.5 . denum tuidecht cen comlabra do neoch fri araile ocaind with- out conversing with each other, MacCarthy 64.5 ( LB 112a49 ). gach laoch aca-sumh, ML 132.2 . gá méad aca how many of them, Dán Dé xvi 23.

(b) with subst. vb. to denote (temporary) possession: ata x ocumm I have (am in possession of) x; to be distinguished from: is limm x x is mine (belongs to me).

uccu .i. aicci a oenar ata se (i.e. a man's choice rests with himself alone), Corm. Y 1295. árchú fil ocom, TBC-LL¹ 1003. a mboi de ór ┐ argut oca all the gold . . . they had, PH 999. nech ic nach fil almsa, 4974 . do thorad in chroind ic ata fiss uilce ┐ maithusa, MacCarthy 52.20 ( LB 110b58 ). is aigci ata cach maith, . . . ic mac mo Dé, BColm. 100.16 . dā mac dēc ic Coscrach . . . a hocht diib co-ata sil who have posterity, Rawl. 152b38 . ni fhuil ag fissid ar ndil, acht ag Rig na rígh our destiny lies not with the seer, ZCP vii 301 § 9. cia aga bhfuil dúil i lúth? who has any desire for, Keat. Poems 522.

Note follg. constructions: ni boí occo-som do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichenned it was not in their power to remain alive, FB 77 (the subj. is the vn. a mbith). duine ga raibe dolás a ngar dó to whom sorrow was nigh, BCC § 147. Occas. atá ocumm folld. by vb. nearly = I am able (to): indar leosom bai aici-seom a sechna he would be able to avoid it, TBC-LL¹ 2208. ata oen-ní ocund do denum `I have yet one expedient', PH 1192 .

Often with ellipse of vb.: bél aicce i tallfad cú, Ériu iv 100.14 . proinn aige da gach aoidhidh, ZCP viii 109 § 4. tucad claideb . . . ac Pilasceius . . . do Plicigias `a sword which had belonged to Pelasgus', TTebe 2499 . ni fhetad duine biad folaig ece [= aice] ann none could have any hidden food, LB 155b59 . ni muirbither mac mna lium cen chin aice, PH 401. uchán! gan againn oinniuin is gáirleog alas that we have not, Keat. Poems 1245.

(c) in sight of, in judgement of (cf. analogous use of la): ro bámar-ni fecht co cátaid acut, SCC 43. ni lia esbaid daim acaind . . . nā esbaid laich the loss of an ox is not more to us than the loss of a warrior, CRR 4. ar bam anoraigti-sea oc Dia dia fhódmar martrai honoured in the sight of God, PH 2428. co nachat anmand uaisle . . . noemait nech icon choimdid, 5087 . nach fil clerech is amru ac Día oldas-[s]om, BColm. 102.13 . olcc occo-som máthair Néill they disliked N.'s mother, Ériu iv 92.11 . inn edh dobeir fort-sa [sin] ar n-etairisine acut? CCath. 634 (= is it because you deem us disloyal that you act thus? = deeratne tibi fiducia nostri? Luc. Phars. i 362 ). co flaith Dúrlais 'cán mór me (= who thinks much of me), Hy Fiach. 284.5 . ní hé as daidhbhre ag Dia, Dán Dé xxxi 22.

(d) used with reflex. pron. after vbs. of saying, observing, thinking, etc.: atrubart aice fén he said to himself, PH 1046. déchaid-si acaib fén masa me see for yourselves if it is I, 3108 . is tria úmla ro chind aice a chlood that he had resolved to vanquish him, 4814 . ro imraid aice ina menmain deliberated, ZCP v 502.8 . do smuain sé aige gumadh ferr leis, Maund. 268. mesait ┐ tuicit aca badhdein, Fl. Earls 228.2 .

The vb. gaibid is similarly used; nā gebed nech aicce fén combad, etc. let not any one conclude, PH 4954. nā ragbam accaind ar dhíles na hindmusa doratait dúin let us not count as our own property, 6123 . Similarly techtaid possesses: ni ro techta occut feirg harbour not anger, PH 4094. is aen-athair techtmait-ne uli ocaind, 6004 : cf. 4025 .

(e) almost in sense of agent, cf. analogous use of la. Strictly, oc indicates, not the agent, but the quarter, group of indi- viduals, etc., in which the action takes place or has its origin. With pass. often employed instead of do where that prep. is needed in another sense. (In Mod.Ir. ag is commonly used to denote the agent after a part. in periphrasis for perf. tense: atá an litir scríobhtha agam I have written.) co torchair acu iarsin iar cur a n-āir he fell at their hands after slaying many of them, ZCP i 105.31 = co torchair leo, ib. 10 . idrochadar sin uili ic feraib Muman, Cog. 22.17 . is dethbir det-siu cia fogabad mor d'imned ocut-sa it befits thee that he should meet with much tribulation from thee, PH 3828 (Satan addresses Hell). co coí n-étarbaig ic anmannaib na peccdach ica pianad oc na slogaib na ndemna, 8306 . iarna marbad ocin rig (i.e. by order of), 6650 . ni lamtís beos icon rig Crist do adrad co follus `through fear of the king', 1016 . ídpairt inn uain oc macu Israel, KMMisc. 144 § 4. With pass.: ra cruthaiged comairle acu, TBC-LL¹ 702. ro benait na cluic ac na cleirchib, ACL iii 225.23 . ro hádnaiced in cend oc Herudiátis by command of H., PH 916. cia coa ndernad in chet-long? by whom was the first ship made? ZCP iv 236.6 . oilén R. atá a laim muindteri Eoin Baisti arna thabairt ac in imperi dóib, Maund. 35. Grigair . . . 'gar cumad in cantairecht (= who was the originator of church music), ZCP viii 114 § 13. gabhthar . . . gá n-aos ceoil . . . laoidh, Gofraidh Fionn iii 46 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). is é ní ar ar fanadh againn what has been decided on by us, Maguires of F. § 17 .

Here may be placed the use of oc after vbs. of learning, hearing, etc. (strictly local): ros-fóglaim ocumm nu [leg. mu?] gnímu-sa, PH 1790 , cf. 281 . co ccualaidh féin ag an ccleirech an fís sin `from the cleric's mouth', RC xxv 396 § 13. fear ilchleasach do hoileadh ag Scáthaigh, Keat. Poems 527.

ócbál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ócbál or dil.ie/33410

n ā, f. vn. of *od-gaib-; quantity of ó due to influence of tócbál, see Thurn. Hdb. § 837. The act of rising or raising : ind ócbál frisa rind `the rising up to the constellation', Thes. ii 13.24 ( BCr. 18d2 ). d s. ocond ocbáil, ib. 19 . ord fresgabala din, air is ocbail a tocbail on grad iseal cusin ngrad n-uasal `it is an elevation to him to be raised from the low grade', Laws v 26.18 Comm. im ocbail droichitt for erecting a bridge, i 124.7 (= do tocbail droichit, 134.26 Comm. ). oc ógbáil mo screplaigi frim levying, Cáin Ad. § 19. Donnucan donn dealbach | lonn- ocbhal cét idna, IT iii 29.7 (i.e. fierce lifter of a hundred stan- dards?). batar ann sin oc maithrechaib gaire garba, . . . crideda tuarcthi, ferta fenned, ócbail maithnech, LB 140b56 = Todd Lect. vi 81.10 (`sad moaning', Hog.; perh. denotes an act or gesture).

soiscélae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. soiscélae or dil.ie/38384

Forms: sosgéla

n io, n. (2 so+scél) sosgéla m., IGT Decl. § 2 .

(a) the good news, gospel : ní ar log . . . pridchimmi soscéle, Wb. 14c8 . i táu dar cenn sosceli `in which I am now for the sake of the gospel', 32a10 . amal asṅindedar i ssoscélu, 13a36 . no línfed preceupt a soscelai in n-ule cuaird in talman, Ml. 25a8 . cēim iar sētaib soscēla, Ériu ii 56 § 11 . Patraic . .. pritcuis soiscela . . . do tuaith . . . mac Miled, Laws i 4.5 . go robadur soiscela Crist . . . i n-a croidi, Smaointe B. Chr. 5 . In the phrase manach (mainches) soiscéla lit. servant of the gospel, i.e. a person under spiritual direction: Conghus comhorba Patraicc do rigni in rann so do gresacht Oedhae Ollaín, a mhanaigh sóiscéla, im díoghail sháraighti a chille, 23 K 32, 196.25 = anmchara, AFM i 330.11 . con ḟaca chuice mainces soiscela robo marb se la roime sin, Lism. L. xv 26 .

(b) the book of the four gospels; a particular gospel text : an cetharlebar sosceli, Mon. Tall. 29 (138.1) . doratt soiscela ┐ menistir dó, Trip.² 423 . minda Colaim chille . . . ┐ in dá Sosscéla do tabairt a Tir Conaill, RC xviii 12.27 (Tig.). 'n-a aimsir roscrib Eoín in Soscela, MacCarthy 306.30 . amal atbeir soscela Matha, PH 7570 . in tan atbert in soscela erdraic in principio erat verbum, LB 145a29 . soisccela Bairri aigi ara ucht oca comairce, Cog. 90.23 . Of swearing by the Gospel (see fo II (p)): toingi a tri luighi fo soiscela .i. soscela ar minn, O'Curry 2568 ( Eg. 88, 48a ). ní taithmis naidm soscela, O'D. 1688 ( H 5.15, 30a ). fir nime ┐ soscela Crist, Laws iv 210.7 . ronaidm in Trínoit ┐ in cethar soscela comdeta fair `he bound him by the Trinity and the four gospels of the Lord', RC xiii 106 § 138 . A gospel text sewn in red cloth and hung round the neck was used as an amulet: bendachais dīa fithir (.i. aite) atnagar soscēla imme `he bade farewell to his tutor who put a gospel around him', MacCongl. 11.4 . regut ēm . . . ┐ tabar soscēla immum, 81.28 . gabais a paiter lem in clēirech ┐ dobe[i]r soscēla fom' chenn, issē soscela bōi annside .i. soiscēla do gūalloind aisle, etc., 126.37 . tócbáil soiscélai fri elevating the gospel on behalf of (?) (a form of intercession): issed aspered Máolrúaoin oca aurail do neuch fairsiom guidhi Dé laisiom ┐ tócbale soscéli fris, Mon. Tall. 158.22 . forith . . . ind soscele ┐ cobrid inda hanmanna frisa tocabar amail forith uíuos ┐ fogni laisiom a tocbail frissna marbu, 162.8 . Of the liturgical gospel, an lám s.¤ lit. the gospel hand, i.e. the left hand (see O'Rahilly, SGS ii 23 ): benais de in láim soscélíí, Ériu iii 11.26 . dorogell Gilla Crist mac Manchan in ferand ar do láim soscéla ic dola sís ar ammus Atha Catan, no ar do laim bennachtan anís ón áth, Ériu iii 9.15 . Hence left: tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 .

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