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4 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 a or dil.ie/5
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: á, an, an, i, ind, ina, ina, na, na, na, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

pron demonstrative relative, nasalising, that which, what . On the spelling á see Celtica ii 339 - 40 . Orig. neut. art., GOI § 473 (cf. 5 a). Combines with ro to form arro (in later lang. ar): arrolegais, Wb. 28d7 , but an- (the usual form before vowels) is also found: anrogadammar, Wb. 15c22 . anró gad, Trip.² 1370 . an ro-ráidis, PH 726 . an raibhe, Keat. ii 265 . In later language also spelt i n-: i n-atconnarc, LU 3322 . ind digní, Mon. Tall. 134.20 (§ 21) . Also ina n-: ina mboí, LU 8416 (H). ina fuaratar, Ann. Conn. 1235.13 . na n-: na tongat, Sc.M² 16 . na n-dingentar, TBC-LL¹ 6179 . na ndenaid, Auraic. 58 . In O.Ir. folld. by absolute and deuterotonic form of vb. a n-asbiur, Wb. 17d12 ; but later the conjunct and prototonic forms become common (see Bergin, Ériu xi 139 n.1 ): a taibred, Sc.M² 1 . a sir, Dán Dé xxiii 37 . a ndenat, PH 2858 . When the demonst. rel. is plural in meaning personal pronouns referring to it are plural: a n-as sīrem diib, Ériu ii 130 § 102 . The vb. may also be pl. a mbid . . . de neithibh, Desid. 5724 . a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch, Keat. ii 3504 . a bhfuilti corrtha those of you who are tired, Donlevy 216.6 .

Frequently cecha n- whatever, however much, etc., see cech.

(a) As nom.: an as suthin, Wb. 13d9 . anasberthar ho giun what is spoken, 5d14 . for nem a (an v.l.) conrúalae . . . as mó mílib míle, Fél. Ep. 25 . arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli the whole contents of the Psalter, Mon. Tall. 133.11 (§ 16) . a nas aithgin do airechaib feda iseadh is dire do athechaib feadha, Laws iv 152.5 Comm. seachnuim a mbí a n-éintigh, Desid. 6426 . a dtarla dá chóir, TSh. 762 .

(b) As accus.: á fil etarru what is between them, Wb. 27d19 . tuicci an gaibes in salm, 12d42 . a pridchimmeni what we preach, 15b14 . a forchongair do chomalnad, 5c23 . a ndogensa what I shall do, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). tongu-sa a toinges mo thúath, MU² 928 . mā rosaigh a broth a n-rosaig a blas `if its broth attains what its taste attains', RC xii 86 § 91 . ar ordaigh an t-aingeal-sain, Dán Dé xiv. 14 .

(c) With follg. partitive DI: a ndudesta . . . di foirbthetu, Wb. 1a9 . a césme di cach imniud, 13c7 . anrofiugrad di Críst `what has been figured of Christ', 15a34 . a mbaī di mnāib . . . hi Cūailṅge, TBC-I¹ 868 . a nrobíth leis día slōgaib, 1657 . an fogebed in gilla di scothaib, Trip.² 365 . ni hairemthar ar' marbad do macaib rí, RC xviii 173.13 . With different order of words: a n-du imnedaib . . . fo-daimi, Ml. 55d11 . a ndo ligdath doadbat, Ériu ii 114 § 39 .

With copula and superl.: a n-as sirem diib `the longest of them', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . a n-romba dech do thimthagaib flatha fer nGaoidel the best of the garments . . ., Corm. Y 1059 . an-as dech foruaradar do echraidh in righ, Marco P. 35 . i mba fearr do cach berla ┐ a nba leithiu ┐ a mba caemu `what was best . . .', Auraic. 1053 . in rop messa día muintir, RC x. 184.24 . Note also: is a mbeo beres a n-as beodu ┐ i na[s] segondo, TBC-I¹ 693 (compar. for superl.?). Less frequently with partitive gen.: doberat a n-as dech sét in dúine, TBFr. 419 . con-aitcetar ferann fair .i. an ba dech Mide, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv. 478 ).

(d) With prec. prep. (frequent in later lang.): do-farget (sic leg.) a rro-fera ar-a ferthar fris `he offers what he has given for what is given to him', Laws v 502.22 (see however GOI 680 ). ni tabair dír[e] asa n-gatass, Ir. Recht 22 § 24 (see GOI 298, 680 ). farnan bechtae on what is not certain, Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ( GOI 298, 680 ). bui dliged . . . fora raibhi do Thartraidhibh, Marco P. 82 . nach smuainid air a nabruid, Donlevy 468.13 . Gort an Óir ghairthear don Mhaigh . . . ó n-ar bronnadh d'ór lais-sean . . . ann `from the quantity of gold', Keat. ii 4470 . tré n-ar imreadar d'ulc air `on account of the injury they had done him', 4634 . tréas a ndearnsad do bhagar air, Desid. 3429 . Most frequently with DI, giving mod. dia, approximating to a new rel. particle: duine d'a marand indíu any man of those now living, PH 7318 . gach ní dā ndubrais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 105 . na h-uili obuir trocuire diar mol in eglus, ZCP vi 25.4 . ni ternō nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came . . .', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv. 323 ). an aenridiri is lugha dob olc da roibhi ina aimsir, ZCP vi 100.12 . gach aon dár fhás ┐ dá bhfásfaidh every one who has sprung and will spring, TSh. 13 . Temporal use: feacht n-æn da roibhe Cond Cetcathach, Ériu iii 150 . fecht n-aen dá táncatar, Acall. 361 . laithe n-aen … da raibe Find, 5737 . feacht n-aen da tainic Find, 5917 . la da raibhi Crist, Smaointe B. Chr. 1754 . gach úair da dtéighinn ’na theach, L. Cl. A. B. 187 § 9 . fechtus dia m-bui E. hi Frémainn, IT i 128 § 15 . fecht eli da raibe C. .c. a nDruim Cet, BCC 146.5 . lá airithi da ndechaid C. .c. do Temraig, 126.20 . feacht n-aon da ttainic Columcille, Anecd. iii 6 . feacht dia m-báttar, Hy Fiach. 336.1 . Also with acht: co tuctha a longa leó acht a ndechaidh ar éicin, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.).

(e) When the antecedent is a noun the rel. clause is syntactically gen.: ar comalnad andotairrngert `to fulfil what he had promised', Mon. Tall. 146.20 (§ 51) . i farrad na n-dingentar innossa, TBC-LL¹ 6178 . cuirter fesa uathaib co hAth Cliath ar cend ar ḟacsat and do Gallaib, RC xviii 289.30 (Tig.). ag soin críoch ar chanamor `that is the sum of what I have sung', TD 15.54 . ag clos a ndoirtid, Desid. 4282 . ar son a ndéineann, 731 .

acclaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acclaid or dil.ie/152

Forms: ad-claid, aclaide, accaill

vn. of ad-claid. Also aclaide, accaill.

(a) act of hunting, fishing: dochúaid . . . do a.¤ a etrache fora fer flechud o'tchúas . . . gabail brattán dó to angle in the furrows whereon rain had poured, Trip.² 984 . a.¤ eisc do dil na gortai, O'Curry 779 ( H 3.18, 365b ). amail dubanaigh aclaidi quasi hami , Aisl. Tond. 104 § 3 . taibled iall, aclaid iach (pleasures of life in forest), ZCP xiii 278.4 . oc accaill arna bledmīla isin muir (of a bird), Ériu ii 120 § 58 . ? aiscid . . . duit . . . .i. duban ┐ Aicill (aichchill, v.l.) meic Moga, Acall. 7271 . seal ar aclaidh, Measgra D. 42.38 (= do dubhanacht, BCC 436.19 ). slóigh mhillse ón míonaclaidh muir `delightful hosts from whom the sea is easy to fish (i.e. calm)', TD 4.42 . acladh no aclaidh .i. iasgaireachd, O'Cl.

(b) In Laws Comm. act of inculpating, rendering liable (see ZCP xv 352 ): ? fri a.¤ coibche, Laws v 510.23 . Usually in glosses on forms of ad-claid: ni haclaide .i. ata annad aclaidh[e] dligeas gach comaitheach dia raile stay of suit, iv 156.28 . fo-d-aclaid .i. icin a.¤ , v 462.13 . In phrase ní tabair aclaid(e) for: ni aclaidh selb tuinide liuin .i. nocho tabair aclaidh arin liuntach, O'Curry 428 (H 3.18. 233a). ní haclaid tuinide do berar bealltaine .i. ní tabuir aclaidh fair um inní fora roibhe . . ., O'D. 625 (H 3. 17, 465). ata orba nad aclaidead .i. ata firebeda do berar ar in ferand ┐ noco tabair aclaide fiach ar in ti do ní iat, Laws iv 154.15. ma claid . . . .i. is dilius don ceile co na tabar aclaide fiach air, ii 242.23 Comm. ni haclaid indlighidh fri indligthech .i. nocha tabair aclaide fiach ar feichem toichida, O'Curry 338 (H 3. 18, 186b). aclad (leg. aclaid?) .i. ioc fiach, ut est ar n-aclad im chin a slán .i. arna hiocad eneclann ┐ diablad, O'Dav. 113 . ?Also in this sense: tabair tria haccail dia mbrath / i saccaib na Cannanach (of Joseph's instructions to put the king's cup in the baggage of the Canaanites) i.e. to entrap them, SR 3547 .

1 adaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adaig or dil.ie/256
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aidche, oidche, adhaigh, hoidhche, adaig, aithchi, aidchi, aithche, aidche, aidchi, aithchi, adaig, aidchi, aithgi, aidhce, aidchib

n later also aidche, oidche. , f. (see GOI § 294 ). adhaigh f. (g s. na hoidhche ), IGT Decl. § 93 . Early forms: n s. adaig, Ml. 140c3 . a s. aithchi, 95d9 . aidchi, Trip.² 2451 . g s. aithche, Ml. 95d10 . aidche, 21c3 . d s. aidchi, 62c6b . aithchi, 30a4 . adaig, LU 4781 (TBC). n p. aidchi, Trip.² 279 . a p. aithgi, Thes. ii 242.13 (Ardm.) g p. aidhce, Moling § 2 . d p. aidchib, MU² 127 .

Night: a.¤ tar æsi laíthi, Ml. 21c3 . ni bí a.¤ daitsiu, 140c3 . co roleg in nord neclastacda uile i noen aidche, Thes. ii 308.3 . a.¤ imlan, SR 20 . nocho rabi a.¤ hi Maig Inis acht soillsi ainglecda and, Trip.² 2997 . nip sí sin a.¤ bá sámam dóib, LU 4683 (TBC). combo chomsolus lá ┐ a.¤ , 8056 ( FB 2 ). cach fer díb a aidchi do ḟairi na cathrach, each man had his night for guarding the town, 9051 (ib. 80 ). midmedón aidchi, MU² 219 . urd aen laithi no aon oidchi, Laws i 22.24 . scela na haidche arér, PH 3203 . is fri aidchi dodéchatar chuccae by night (= contra noctem, Lat. Lives 18 ), Trip.² 2452 . loisc . . . longport Amlaib re naidchi, `before nightfall', Cog. 32.10 . fuair Ioseph . . ./ ar chionn oidche . . ./ áit, a place to stop the night, DDána 17.7 . lá áluinn don oidhche gheimhridh / do-ghéanta . . ./ lá geal gémadh adhaigh é, 2.13 . gemhaidhchi geimridh, ZCP vi 59.9 . oidhcheadha tuirseacha, Job vii 3 . feis aidchi evening meal, see 2 feis. nocht .i. aidche, ut est tabair mo miach cruithnechta cach nochtai[d]chi sceo dee, O'Dav. 1285 . Of battle fought at night : cath for Gull, cath for Ergull ┐ dubadaig Immair 'the battle at Goll, the battle at Ergoll and the black night[-battle] of Immar (?)', B. in Scáil² 35 § 10 .

In accus., gen. and dat. as adv. of time. Accus.: in naithchi n-uili during the whole night, Ml. 95d9 . amal nongnetis ón gním in n-aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . ni gleter dala lasna Déisi acht in n-aidchi, Trip.² 2451 . canaid cét salm cech naidchi, Thes. ii 315.5 (Hy. ii). cach nómad n-aidche, BDD² 174 . cech noidci, ZCP iv 176 § 95 . nuall-ghul gach n-oidche, TSh. 6430 . adhaig n-aen ann, BNnÉ 310 § 35 . Prob. also: doluid Duaid . . . aidchi roboi cucu inna ndunad `D. went one evening to them into their camp', Ml. 55c1 . in aidchi in gene `on the night of the birth', Wb. 28c12 . suánemuin do dénum in aidchi, 24d14 , 26b17 . lasse immerordus in aidchi, Ml. 96a3 . in a.¤ -sin . . . ro-saerait na maccu, PH 412 . an adhaigh rug Muire mac, DDána 15.9 . an adhuighsin, TD 8.13 . tánag adhaigh go hEas gCaoille one night, 25.1 . Dat.: trissa n-ínnaide arane- tersi ind aidchi (?leg. isind a.¤ , edd.) `in the night', Ml. 42c23 . ind aidhche, Gael. 50, 128 (`at night', Blathm. 325 ). isind aidchi dudchoisgedar `on the night that follows it', Ml. 62c6b . ní airgénsat bíada dóib ind a.¤ sin, LU 4780 (TBC). In pl. Dia do adhradh aidhc[h]ibh laithib by night and day, ZCP viii 198.24 . Gen.: orggaid .c. fer cacha aidche diib, LU 5583 (TBC).

In phrase (n)d'a.¤ (where (n)d- is the remnant of the article, see GOI p. 161 ) that night (i.e. the night following a specified day): con-tuili íarom [i]nd adig (ndadig, ṅdadaig v.ll.), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 37 § 5 . faeiss ind ingen dádaig leis, LL 11308 . anais . . . ann a lla n-isin . . . ┐ in n-aidchi d'adhaig `that day and the following night', Ériu xii 146 § 7 (TE2). co fargdais cuit na aidchi d'ádaig until they should have left behind (sufficient for) the evening meal that night, TBC-LL¹ 1954 . an fer muirse anocht dot marbud himbaruch d'adhuigh, ZCP iv 176 § 95 . tigid . . . uili amārach d'agaid, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.1 . Dun Gaillmhe do losccadh arabhárach d'adhaigh, AFM ii 1144.8 .

In reckoning periods of time (cf. Engl. fortnight, se'nnight): do galur tri noidhche, AU ii 28.3 . do trib cethorchait aidci `thrice forty nights', Mon. Tall. 136.8 (§ 24) . foidsi S. o ruan iii aithgi lais cu M. ┐ anis .iii. aithgi la suide, Thes. ii 242.13 (Ardm.). anait sidi leis trí laa ┐ tēora aidchi, Sc.M² 4 . re ré cethrachat aidhchi in corgais, Laws i 196.2 Comm. iar teora aidhcib, v 320.11 . damnatar la trí laaib ┐ aidchib ic ól, MU² 127 . ré cetheora n-oidhche con a láibh, Hugh Roe 30.18 . ro troicset trī lā cona n-oighthibh, Irish Texts i 43.28 . a.¤ longpuirt a night's encampment: aidce longphort (leg. -phuirt), CCath. 3444 . do batar a.¤ longphuirt inte, Ann. Conn. 1253.13 . badar da oidche longphuirt ag E., AFM iii 348.15 .

Eve of a day or festival: i n-aidche lúain (i.e. Sunday night), Ériu ii 206 § 26 . in ṅadaig ré notlaic, Fél. Dec. 24 . in his tribus noctibus .i. aidchi dardáoin aidchi sathairn ┐ aidchi ndomnaich, Mon. Tall. 132. 26 (§ 14) . o espartain aidchi domnaig co hanteirt día lúain, LU 1918 . dia Sathairn .i. oidche chásga Easter Eve, Ériu i 92 § 42 . aidchi fhele Laegairi, Lism. L. 268 . aidchi samna `the eve of samain', RC xxiv 178.17 .

See caidche.

? 1 adair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 1 adair or dil.ie/266

v ba baeth meni a.¤ rún / ná tabair toeb fri Saul, SR 5955 (? 2 s. pres. subj. of ad-air-icc, VSR p. 55 ).

ad-claid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-claid or dil.ie/392
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ad-claid, arclaid, -aclaid, adcladat, -accladat, -aclaidead, ad-clais, -aclais, ad-cichlus, acclaidset, -arcechlath, acclaid(e), accail, aurclaidid, acláiset, conclaidhsid

v ( ad-clad-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 492 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-claid, ZCP xv 351 § 40 . With prefix ar: arclaid, LU p. 310 note d . -aclaid, O'D. 625 ( H 3.17, 465c6 ). 3 pl. adcladat, Ml. 112b2 . -accladat, Críth G. 559 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -aclaidead, Laws iv 154.12 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ad-clais, Trip.² 986 . -aclais, O'Curry 463 (H 3.18, 245). Fut. 1 s. ad-cichlus, Thes. ii 48.6 . pret. 3 pl. ? acclaidset, Metr. Dinds. ii 82.z . Perf. pass. sg. -arcechlath (better -āroechlath, ed.), Bürgschaft 18 § 56 .

Vn. acclaid(e), accail.

(a) fishes, hunts: an adcladat gl. aucupantes Ml. 112b2 . adcichlus gl. uenabor, Thes. ii 48.6. 362.z . ar a roí ad-clais lindi, Trip.² 986 . i tig fir arclaid iasc i mmuir ethiíar, LU p. 310 note d . iss e atclaid na hiasco fo [ṡ]náad fo moirib, ZCP iii 239.z . ?afraigid, rīg Macha aurc[h]laidmig far mbū tesorcid far mbroit catch your cows(?), TBC-I¹ 3456 (the siglum for m seems to be later (edd.): leg. aurclaidid?) (cf. afraigid rig M. aurclichid ┐rl., 3081 ). ?With meaning of con-claid digs: ite cen meth . . . / acclaidset múr nAlinde `dug the rampart of A.', Metr. Dinds. ii 82.z . (roclaisead, acláiset, conclaidhsid v. ll.). Possibly also: ra accallset sída fo thalmain dóib, MU² 9 (referred in Gloss. to ad-gíalla, see ad-gíall(n)a).

(b) Legal inculpates, renders liable: trí aurrach nád accladat ríg three requisitions which do not inculpate a king, Críth G. 559 . sleth . . . atá tucht ad-claid bein .i. ce[n] [eri]cc i saide dia fir there is one way in which it inculpates a woman, ZCP xv 351 § 40 . mana airigt[h]er fair isin treide seo, ni sui meth forsin ceili de [mad]claid airigu[d] dilis if the testing inculpates (of testing malt), xiv 348.14 , xv 259.36 . ata orba nad aclaidead, Laws iv 154.12 . ni haclaide (sic. ?Leg. -ed) ain bo do tarb, 156.21 . ni hacluid fuata nathgabala, ii 82.1 . ní haclaid tuinide do berar bealltaine .i. ní tabuir aclaidh fair um inní for a roibhe a thuinidhe o bealltaine go bealltaine, O'D. 625 ( H 3.17, col. 465 - 466 ). ár ní haclaid nach toirisiudh co nairille, 592 ( H 3.17, col. 448 ). ni aclaid selb tuinide liuin .i. nocho tabair aclaid arin liuntach, O'Curry 428 ( H 3.18, 233a ) = Laws iv 270.7 . ma imgabaid eces dama, ni acclaid crod a thigi it does not make the property of his house liable, ZCP xvi 222.17 . as-comrar na arcechlath I have paid and it has not rendered me liable, Bürgschaft 18 § 56 .

áer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áer or dil.ie/633
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áir, aor, haire, æra, áera, aír, áer

n ā, f. n s. áir, Wb. 16a24 . aor, Corm. Y 606 . g s. na haire , Laws iii 92.15 . æra (: Oeda), Anecd. i 4.1 . a p. áera, Fél. Nov. 8 . aír f., IGT Decl. § 115 . áer m., § 96 .

(a) cutting, incising: in air a primroit . . . in air a forroit, Laws iii 306.16 Comm. = i n-aeradh a prím-róit, O'D. 2017 ( Eg. 90 f. 15(16)d ).

(b) act of satirising, lampooning, defaming; (maledictory) satire, lampoon (for meanings (a) and (b) cf. rindad. On the procedure in general see Jn. Celt. Stud. i 199 ff. ). iss ed lóg [a] enech dia aír, Críth G. 25 . atait secht cinela aire la Feine as a miditer dire, Laws v 228.25 . áer .i. ata v cenela aire, O'Curry 807 ( H 3.18, p. 373b ). lan neineclainne du cach duine . . . ina lanair, ┐ . . . da manchaibh . . . ina lanair na heclaisi bunaidh, O'D. 2310 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 31b ). ba-sa maith frim aír / basa ferr fri molad, LU 9337 . dede nad carann duine / a aor ┐ a ghuidhe, ZCP vii 298.6 . [taisic a] dhat dia aoir antair aighidh [gach air]gid act go nguaire glantair, Ériu xiii 13.5 `[it] recovers its colour if it be blemished by satire / the face of every silver provided it be polished with a bristle', Watkins, Ériu xix 117. 18-19 . ata eolus iongnadh lasna filedhoibh .i. áor go ndath molta ┐ moladh go ndath áoire, xiii 14.18 . cis lir fodla aire . . . tri .i. aisnes ┐ ail ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). doniad son . . . tri haera disi co ro facaibsit tri bolga for a gruaidib, RC xxiv 278 § 15 . no fhasad ainim don air in tan sin, LB 238d marg. inf. abcan ... / ... / docer la hOengus cen ail / i n-áir Midir morglonnaig because he satirised M., LL 1371 . de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha, TBC-LL¹ 3023 . is móo ba óer oldás ba molad do Patraic amal nochanad, Trip.² 2916 . ní ticc dia ēissi bu duilge āer no molad, MacCongl. 9.5 . díoth don mholadh, olc don aoir / bás Aonghusa mheic Amhlaoibh, DDána 73.19 . file ré haoir nó ré hadhmholadh do dhéanamh, Keat. ii 5335 . ní breis aoire ná oile / acht breis uaisle is ionmhaine, Ó Bruad. ii 238.7 . Múscruidhe gan aoir `the M. without reproach', Keat. ii 4171 .

On the use of satire as a legal weapon to enforce claims and demands, just and unjust, see Críth G. p. 69 ; V. SS. Hib. pp. cii-ciii . Note also the follg. passages: cid fodera breth do breith a deda dun filid? . . . is e doni a molad dligteach do gach grad ┐ is e taidbeas a seodu eigni doib amuig i fail tincaidter renda aer ┐ na tincaiter renda airm, Laws v 12.21 Comm. iar napad dleghar an áir do denom don tí na tabair fecht feile don fili, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, p. 207 ). ni dlegar aír do denumh um foichligi sétt, O'Curry 371 ( H 3.18, p. 207 ). in file . . . do ni air indligthech, Laws i 58.18 Comm. dia fhélltair form' fiachaib filid dia n-air ┐ glaim n-dicind . . . minamtísat mo fhéich, MacCongl. 45.z . fuabrais troscud fa chétōir for Brēnaind .i. glámadh digcenn ┐ aera do dhēnum dó, ACL iii 4.31 . fáitte M. na drúith ┐ na glámma . . . ar con derntáis téor[a] ǽra fossaigthe dó, TBC-LL¹ 3018 . fiarfaigis . . . cia díre doberar i n-ainmedh ┐ i n-aoír a chionta, Ériu xiii 46.17 . áora ní díghaltas damh / fírolcas Áodha an t-adhbar, IGT Decl. ex. 1847 . grísadh a ghrúadh cáomh crithreach / manúar dob áor aindlightheach, ex. 1720 .

As n.pr. Aer ┐ Aithis, Anecd. ii 63.1 .

2 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aí or dil.ie/715
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aui, uith, uath, úad, uaidh, n-uath, ái, ai, , aibh

n t, m. (? Orig. neut. Celtica x 83 ). Earliest form aui (monosyll.), GOI 206 and ZCP x 446 . Later f. a s. uith, IT iii 5 § 1 . g s. uath, ib. in úad , O'Dav. 6 . d s. uaidh, O'Curry 370 . (H 3.18, 207a). g p. na n-uath , LL 5088 . With non-dental inflection a s. ái, Corm. Y 74 . g s. inna ai , RC xxvi 21 note 5 . n p. , Auraic. 742 . d p. aibh, IT iii 87 § 96 .

Poetic inspiration, learning; metrical composition: Dlighedh sesa, a treatise on the genesis of aí, Ériu xiii 35ff. (See notes and Corthals, Akten Linz 127-47 ). itat coic æ and .i. æ ailes ┐ æ chanas ┐ æ aiges æ mides ┐ æ suides, Auraic. 408 (see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 65 ). caill crithmon . . . .i. caill asa tāet cless na uadh (clesa n-uad LB) ind airc [h]etail, Corm. Y 237 . felmac .i. mac ūad; fel .i. ái, 599 . ái .i. airc[h]etul, 74 . felmac .i. fel ai ┐ seis . . . .i. mac sesa ┐ mac uadh .i. airceta[i]l, O'Dav. 880 (see Ériu xiii 35 ). ái no áoi .i. éigsi no éolcha, O'Cl. féth .i. áoi no ealadha, ib. ic fethugud ai, Rawl. 108b34 = LL 187a11 . aithne damh homa re hæi .i. re heladain, ZCP v 483 § 1 (B. na f.). dochanaid aoí do cretaibh féth, Ériu xiii 17.11 . tiasg aoidh no uadh anmain Dé, 38.2 (= tiasc (sic leg.) ai i n-anmain Dé, O'Dav. 1564 ). tuarustal n-úadh ann so, 18 . ara theintemhlacht na mbríathar úadh ar is nemhnech bríathra in dána iter, Cóir Anm. 240 . cetharda condegar co hæs nuath do airic 'ma nuith, IT iii 5 § 1 . is fis o menmuin amh in ae, O'Dav. 991 . alt .i. aircetal, ar is alt in úad for it is a division of poetry, 6 . comiditer alta uad fri haltaib ín duine the divisions of prosody are compared to the joints of a person, IT iii 122.24 . cia halt huad . . . alta nan huad, Auraic. 1577 . tlachtga na n-uath dub a n-aerthar etc. , 5234 . acht mad æ roscichestar inna menmain .i. dliged gotha . . ., 488 = in aei, 2985 . fri comuaim n-uad, 3538 . dia coibdealachas a (=ó) huaidh on account of his artistic kinship with him, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, 207a ). sai uadh a sage of poetry, Laws iv 358.4 Comm. cain teasbann teim essgal sceo ni ain ni hain ai is mo hae is moam mo ain (.i. mo rosc ar focus no hai is lim indi as moo dom ainius) (the poet Dallán finds compensation for loss of sight in inner hearing and his art?), ZCP iii 224 § 13 (Amra Senáin). almsana is aoi / dá ndáil don lobhar is don lag, Measgra D. 59.14 . d'fhior go n-aoi, TSh. 5766 . Of Muses: da comfoirti na naoi nae, Celtica ii 71.45 . tomus a.¤ measure, quantity in verse(?): caide tomus cach hae a illabaibh? IT iii 24 § 6 . tomus nae [anal] ┐ innsci do cach iar na miad, Laws i 18.y Comm. tommus n-ai, IT iii 187 § 6 . trefocal . . . cen áe for anae (apparently some kind of metrical fault), ACL iii 293.10 ( Auraic. 1935 ). See Celtica vi 215-6 .

In names of metres: dona haibh freslige, IT iii 87 § 96 . aí idhan, 101 § 183. As n.pr. Aoí mac Ollamain, Ériu xiii 38.y . cia ainm regas ar in macsa . . . tabair Aí fair . . . conid assain . . . ro ainmniged aí airchetail .i. ó Aí mac Ollaman, LL 14611 ( ZCP xx 194.6 ).

aidbsigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbsigid or dil.ie/851

Forms: aibsigid, aidbsiugad

v (aidbsiu). Also aibsigid: in proicept-so na pian . . . roaibhsighthea dhoibh fon cuma cetna `were displayed', Lism. L. 3883 . Usually increases, magnifies, exaggerates: níor chumhgaigh níor aidhbhsigh air `he neither lessened it nor increased it', (i.e. his territory), TD 32.38 . fuair ō Enri mhac Eoghain . . . cēim do aibhsigh a anāir, ZCP ii 352.18 . ná haidhbhsighid inghenradh . . . inmhe da mhéd ag Marta, L. Cl. A. B. 186.158 . fuair an ríoghainse robhladh / do fhíoraidhbhsigh uaill ndeaghbhan, DDána 99.28 . aidhbhsigidh co mór gach becán d'a tabair amach `he boasts extravagantly whatever little he gives away' (of a miser), de Contemptu 1499 . Vn. aidbsiugad.

Cf. ad-fét.

ainble

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainble or dil.ie/1178

n [, f.] (anbal). Somet. used as opp. of féle, see ainféile. shamelessness, excess; wickedness: anbli .i. nemnari oc cungid neich, RC xxvi 22 § 58 . fogni feile do anble, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii f. 143b). as a.¤ .i. is ainbfial no as latrandta, O'Curry 1908 (23 P 3, 23 (21)d). ainbhle .i. ainféile no olcas, O'Cl. ainbli gnuisiu, Gael. 50 , 129 ( Blathm. 409 . ). tabair dam dilgud hi fus / dom' ainblib dom' aneolaus, SR 820 . cia robai do anble a rád / airmi aidbli nan-ilgrád though it be vain to say it, 821 . a.¤ angluinne, TBC-LL¹ 5638 . celid serc a.¤ ┐ olc, LL 18748 . —forriuth a n-enech . . . —is anble sin, ol F., IT i 141.28 ( Comp. CC 7.y ). eochair éta anble, ZCP vi 270 § 10 . descaid a.¤ ainecna, Anecd. iii 15.z . tír co n-a.¤ is co n ecóir, Rawl. 78b12 . cáinti a cane .i. o choin, ar is anble ┐ aursaire a ndan dib līnaib, O'Mulc. 202 . drisiuc . . . .i. is cú ar amainsi nó ar anble, O'Dav. 724 . do Bhrian nar fhoghluim ainbhle (.i. amhnáire, ainfhéile no olcas), Hard. ii 290.2 . In cheville: cen a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 340.1 . LL 1910 .

aineólas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aineólas or dil.ie/1298

n (eólas) ignorance: ond aneolus gl. inscientia, Thes. ii 27.32 (BCr.). tabair dam dilgud hifus / dom' ainblib dom' aneolaus, SR 820 . co temel dorchaide a n-aneólais ┐ a n-anecnai, LU 2683 . is amluid sin ditneas dliged ┐ eolus an tsenchusa nech ar indlighedh ┐ ar aneolus cach caingne, Laws i 32.12 Comm. in ní bís i n-aneolas do dóinib `what is unknown to men', PH 7192 . a ttaep se[ac]hrāin ┐ aineōluis ignorance of the way, Fl. Earls 10.31 . aineōlus fairrgi, 24.24 . cuirfid neach for aineolus they will mislead one, RC xvii 133.8 (Tig.). do thabairt eolais do Thomas boi for aneolus, PH 6768 . in ar aineolus no ar merugadh tancubair? `is it in ignorance or error you have come?', Aen. 1570 .

ainim(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainim(m) or dil.ie/1402
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: anaim(m), ainim, anim, animm, anaim, anim, anmain, anmuin, anme, anmae, animm, anim, anmin, anmain, anmin, anmana, anman, anmanaib, anam, anmain, anman, anmain, hanman, anman, anaim, anum, anuim

n f. Also anaim(m). See GOI 214 . In O. Ir. decl. fluctuates in sg. but is always that of an n-stem in pl. n s. ind ainim , Wb. 3d11 . Ml. 130c9 . anim, Wb. 16a21 . animm, 31b26 . anaim, Ml. 116b9 . a s. anim, Wb. 4a27 . anmain, 30a2 . anmuin, 31b12 . g s. inna anme , Wb. 25c26 . anmae, Fél. Ep. 117 . d s. animm, Wb. 4a27 . anim, 30c3 . anmin, 2c7 . anmain, Fél. Jan. 24 . n p. anmin, Wb. 8b3 . a p. anmana, Wb. 2b5 . g p. anman, Wb. 24d14 . d p. anmanaib, Wb. 24d13 .

Later also anam f. ( d s. and n p. anmain. g s. anman), IGT Decl. § 8 . m. and f. ( d s. and n p. anmain. g s. na hanman , an anman ), § 19.m. (g s. and n p. anaim), § 11 . anum m. (g s. and n p. anuim), § 17 .

(a) soul (as oppd. to corp body): issí ind ainim as airlam do chomalnad recto dé ní in corpp, Wb. 3d11 . corrop nóib for nanim in hómun dǽ, 16a21 . menme, corp, animm, imbráti, gnímæ, 31b26 . eterscértar a coirp et a n-anmin friu, 8b3 . beo a ainm i fos beo a anuaim (.i. a anim) thall `living his name here living his soul there', ACC 99 ( RC xx 274 ). treide na hanma .i. iracibilis ┐ concucibilis ┐ rationabilis , O'Curry 2226 ( Eg. 88 fo. 16(17)c ). in cuingid . . . do gní in ainim ic iarraidh gach raeta `enquiry which the mind makes', Laws i 36.8 Comm. ar tuaslucud anmæ brandaib `to obtain the release of the soul of Brandub', Mon. Tall. 133.29 (§ 18) . forith . . . ind soscele . . . inda hanmanna frisa tocbar `the gospel helps the souls of those towards whom it is lifted up', 162.9 (§ 85) . ainimme na noem gl. corda electorum, LB 67b38 . astoidet anmann inna noeb, Ériu ii 142 § 155 . mairg anmain nā faichledar / breisim lāi brātha brīgaig, iii 30 § 13 . bātar tra demain ┐ aingil ic imchosnum 'mon anum ō dos-carsat frisin corp hē, ACL iii 226.9 . comhrac éinfhir ní háil dí / 's an t-anam gan fhear páirte, Dán Dé xxii 27 . blodh do phéin an anaim, IGT Decl. ex. 720 . mo mhaitheas uile acht mh'ainim / a roinn is edh ordoighim, ex. 902 . gan deghain do ghrádh a ccorp nó a ccaomh-anmann, AFM vi 2172.24 . ar anmain for the sake of the soul of: dia thidnacul ar m'anmain do náemaib (of valuables), LU 9631 . duini is mo dobered d'etach ┐ d'innmus ar a anmain a nErind, RC xvii 407.22 (Tig.). udbuirt ar anmuin, Laws v 212.2 . tir atoiberar (sic leg.) do eclais ar anmuin, 314.17 . In phrase spirut anma see spirut II (a).

(b) life: i céin robói a anim and while he was alive, RC iii 181.34 . slán acht ní eple ainim de, Laws iii 448.y Comm. is é rocosain m'anam (sic MS.) dam `saved my life', ZCP vi 67.17 . roiar Sisian a anum don fomoir `asked him to spare the giant's life', 294.12 . robdar buidhigh do rochtain a n-anmann leó, AFM vi 1926.18 . an rígh do bheir párdún a anma dón bhraighe bhíos damanta, Eochairsg. 78.1 . tabhair ainim im eachaib give life to my horses, SG 26.34 . do cuireadh anum isin pobal (= populum animatum reddebam), ITS xix 28.24 . réod ar ndol a anma as `the frost has yielded its strength', KMMisc. 172 § 24 . nír chaith . . . ní ina raibhe spiorat no anam (i.e. he was a vegetarian), BNnÉ 74 § 133 . co n-anmain having life, alive: sétrad ngarit . . . ní fuil co n-anmain nach molta / romtha a rath there is nobody with a soul who would not be praised (by it), Thurn., Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 74 § 3 . M. . . . / macc a āisse as ḟerr co n-anmain, Bruchst. i 14 § 24 . atraig cach oen co anmain, SR 8250 . ge bé creidis co n-anmaín firmly(?), BB 36a7 . In phr. fo-ácaib cen anmain: goras-fhāgaibh gan anmain hé 'killed him', BDC 262.651 . foceird-sim ... urcur di sleigh fuirri ... corus farcaib cen anmain, RC v 200y . ro ghabsat leit do na ruamaib bátar ina lámaib ina chenn co fargsat cen anmain é, SG i 396.17 . In greeting or benediction: maith, a m'anum, a Chormaic, Acall. 3285 . See also Celtica iii 268 - 9 . tabair, a m'anam, a gilla, in ingin ut, 3330 . maith ám a m'anim, a Chathbad, LL 171a50 . m'anam-sa an bhuidhean nár fríth i gcruadhtan fann, Hackett v 1 . In formula used by vanquished in appealing for quarter: anmain i nanmain .i. anacal `life for life', Ériu xvi 38.1 and p. 41 note 6 . anmain i n-anmain a Chu Chulaind or se, LU 9123 ( FB 87 ). anmain a n-anmain, RC xi 450.123 . In association with enech, see 1 enech, ainech II (a). In sense of living creature, animal: is si a fochreicc anam cach dine no cach mil immidrēt cachala blīa[dain] an animal for every herd (price paid for use of path to drive stock through somebody else's land), Corm. Y 1082 .

In compds. anm-, see separate articles.

ainmne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmne or dil.ie/1478

Forms: a., ainmnedha

n nt, gender uncertain in O. Ir., see GOI p. 208 . Later f. a.¤ (g s. id. n p. id. and ainmnedha), IGT Decl. § 3 . See Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 208 .

(a) patience, forbearance: is hécen a.¤ occo gl. per patientiam expectamus, Wb. 4a26 . a.¤ do chach fria chéile, 27b17 . a.¤ frim peccad, 28a14 . remcaissen ┐ ainmnet (g s.), Ml. 114a18 . iar n-ainmnit cen digail fora naimtea `after patient waiting without punishing His enemies', 83a8 . na dene ainmnit gl. noli in tua patentia sustinere, 55a1 . inna ainmnetea gl. patientias, Ml. 99a5 (an artificial pl. formation, GOI loc. cit.). dech cecha áilche a.¤ , LL 294a39 . a.¤ cen debaid, Tec. Corm. § 1.4 . a.¤ a.¤ a Patraic . . . ropridchais dilgud tabair dilgud dún, LU 9763 ( RC vi 164.25 ). íar mórenmne ┐ iar mórṡóethar, Trip.² 3101 . trí maic beres féile do ainmnit, Triads 143 . celebrad cóir co n-ainmnit, Ériu ii 64 § 4 . a.¤ fri cech rēt cor imrāiter, ZCP iii 25.15 . rop forus [n-]ainmnet an abode of patience (of a ruler), Críth G. 529 and n. maniba t'ainmnet . . . nut scaílfeth nert cumachta Dé, Trip.² 860 (g s.? manibit ainmnit (.i. ciúin) v.l.; cf. ainmnet .i. ciuin (quoting this passage), O'Dav. 189 ). do-gní a.¤ has patience: lúagh na hainmne[t] doronnai in gilla(i) forsin fairgi, SCano 142 ( Anecd. i 5.21 ). cé dogēnsam a.¤ uime though we are(?) patient about it, ACL iii 295 § 22 . doronsad a.¤ co cend tri la, BB 266a24 . mo chean do-rinne an a.¤ , DDána 120.21 .

(b) forbearance from food, abstinence: ba a.¤ ara mbeba (.i. do ítaid atbath .i. do lugu digi), ACC § 82 ( RC xx 266 ). ra threic a chraes ar anmne, ib. ara ainmni ┐ ar a oene, § 121 (ib. 400 ). ró aslacht foraib a.¤ do dénum ó theirt co hesbartain, Trip.² 2790 . atá sund lūag th'a.¤ seo, Ériu i 46.8 . a.¤ ara tibertar fochraic, Lism. L. 4406 .

airdmes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdmes or dil.ie/1857

Forms: airdmeis

n u, [m.] g s. airdmeis (: Aingceis), Metr. Dinds. iii 4.28 may be metri gratia. Vn. formation from * air-di-mid-, ZCP xviii 330 , but possibly compd. of 1 aird or 1 ard and 1 mes(s). Somet. in alternation with ardammus (see 1 ard compds.). act of estimating, calculating; estimate, opinion: cure airddmes dūn tarsin slōg . . . co fesamar līn int slōig, TBC-I¹ 291 (airdmius LU 4784 ). focherd airddmius forsin lorc, 296 ( LU 4789 ). tabair a.¤ forro ┐ finta . . . ca lín dochuatar, TBC-LL¹ 649 . ardmes, 653 . is hi (sic)mo a.¤ de is é C., BDD² 469 = airdmiusa, LU 6914 . ic ardmius for in slúag, LL 221a21 ( TTr. 290 ). ro fhoidh . . . buidhin mbig . . . do breith airdmesa forsna Gallaibh, Hugh Roe 100.7 (fo. 26b) . nách budh áirdmheas ar aigéan (of an impossible task), ML 98.11 . Fer lée fri cloistecht / Fer rogain fri ha.¤ , Dinds. 35 ( RC xv 421 ). batar diairmidhe re n-a.¤ iatsen, CCath. 5654 . nī gētam th'airdmess horot `we shall not deprive you of your calculation', ZCP viii 268 § 43 . ro b'é aird-mes . . . a n-eices, MR 240.10 . ba hé sin a cairddes / ní ha.¤ co mertain, Metr. Dinds. iii 216.18 . ardmes comaighthech orra, O'Curry 662 ( H 3.18, p. 325 ). ardmius (.i. doich) .i. toimdiu, ut est ní fortreisi oeth oenuir ardmius (ardmes v.l.) ilmile n-Eirenn the oath of one person is not stronger than the opinion of . . ., O'Dav. 36 . mesdar ainme .i. ni mes is dir fair o bis ainim and acht ardamus, O'Curry 1063 ( H 3.18, 439a ) = a.¤ , O'D. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). muna ro cinnedh ré fair itir is airdmhes comaigthech fair, Laws iv 132.19 Comm. In sense of foretelling: co ro faidid a druid do tabairt ardmesa ar a mnai in ro ba mac nó'n ro ba h-ingean ro teacht, Todd Nenn. 34.8 . In phrase búaid n-airdmesa gift of estimating (esp. the numbers of an enemy): būaid . . . airdmesa, TBC-I¹ 299 . buáid n-airdmiusa, LU 10155 . buaid n-airdmessai, ZCP iii § 6 glossed .i. nélladoirecht, Ériu xiii 62 § 12 .

2 airech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 airech or dil.ie/1896

n ā, f. name of a type of concubine . See LEIA and Lochlann ii 210 . inn a.¤ no in carrthach, Laws ii 356.20 Comm. in fear dathaigid do cum na airigi, 21 Comm. (cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law pp. 64 , 94f. ). in tainmrainne dlighuis ben dligthech do ealach in fir cutrumus a cethrumun don airig, 398 n.3 . in cutruma bias don fir do lamda a prim mna co raba a cuicedh bes do do lamda a cartaighe no a cethruma do lamda a airighe, 400.13 Comm. seoit do beir ar urail na hairige ┐ noco tabair ar urail na carthaige, 19 Comm. echlach .i. in eirrech aidhes a corp can logh, v 274.6 Comm. ceathramthu eneclainni a fir don airigh, ii 406.12 Comm. d'aireachaib ┐ do cartacaibh, BCrólige 57 gl. 4 . Cf. forech .i. in ben bis ac in fir a ndligedh lanamnais . . . in airig, gloss on lanamnas airitan, Laws ii 400.1 .

3 airer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 airer or dil.ie/1932

Forms: areir, a.

n Apparently o, but n s. also areir, etc. Some kind of fine apparently equal in value to one-seventh of a person's honour-price (eneclann) except in the case of kings. See Ir. Recht p. 15 . ZCP xv 247 . cia roig dire ┐ areir (leg. arer or airer, ed.) ┐ enecland? Saigid dire co .uii. cumala. Saigid areir co cumail, Ir. Recht 13 § 14 . x mba ┐ samaisce ata dó ina eneclann ┐ bo ┐ samaisce ata do ina a.¤ . . . uair sechtmad eneclainne ata do ina a.¤ , O'Curry 650 ( H 3.18, 314 ). seachtmad eneclainne a.¤ cach graid co gradh seachta ┐ cumal a.¤ seic; cumal a.¤ cach graidh o sin suas co ri cuicigh no Erenn ┐ di cumal cid do seic, 347 (192a). cisne lesa . . . tascnat treise . . . a.¤ .i. ar sechtmadh .i. la eneclann, what cases last for three days? . . . a case of a.¤ i.e. the seventh (of the `eneclann'), Laws i 230.25 , 232.27 Comm . E. . . . ro marbad ar cumuirce F. . . . ┐ righ cuicidh hé ┐ ro dligustur ocht cumala décc itir irar ┐ eneaclann ina sárughadh, 76.12 Comm. athgabail airir ni teit fuirri acht airir cob thri, co bo tri cach nai acht airir rig, dligid side secht cumala inna airir i.e. a king may distrain up to the amount of seven `cumals' for his a.¤ , ii 126.7 , Ir. Recht p. 15 n.l . brigter a.¤ erenar i cnocbeim col, Laws iii 536.16 . cia roich eneclann? Ro saich enech-gríss air i mbánbém, a.¤ i cnocbém, O'D. 903 ( H 3.17 c. 645 ). laneneclann don rig ┐ a.¤ isna híib so, O'Curry 459 ( H 3.18, 243b ). a.¤ enechruice compensation for causing `face-reddening' (insulting), ZCP xv 246 § 5 ( Laws ii 204 ). trian n-airir i tres n-aici `a third of the `a.¤' for the third fosterage', O'Dav. 137 . ni hictar dire na airiur na eneclann . . . oga.¤ i nogaltram, O'D. 1014 (H. 2.15, p. 17a). ní dligh airchindech aireir a manchu na dligh díre a ṡeoit, O'D. 990 ( H 3.17 col. 854 ). tabair da .vii. cumala dib do Conchobar i nairear, O'Curry 2089 (H. 4 22, p. 71b). a.¤ nairdbidh . . . .i. isi eiric ata don flaith ina [biadh] uasal . . . .i. eneclann, 443 ( H 3.18, 238b ). file nába fia thuaith taisilbhe, ni direnar dire na a.¤ na eneclann, Ériu xiii 17.24 .

airmed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmed or dil.ie/2250

n ā, f. (med) measure of grain, dry measure: ermed .i. med tomais quia aridas res metitur , Corm. Y 553 . airmheadh .i. meadh thomhais, O'Cl. airbidh ┐ airmeth dethbir eturru .i. tomus ima lin ┐ ima met airmeth .i. medh tomuis arba no bracha .i. criathur, O'Dav. 148 . med, a.¤, forrach, Triads 138 . che(i)thir méich mracha ┐ ḟidlan[n] airmeide di tharu `a wooden vessel (or platter) containing the full of an `a.¤' of kiln-dried wheat', Críth G. 140 and n. tomus cach airmide, Laws v 486.15 .i. airmedh tomais coitcend, 488.15 Comm. dorat do P. in n-airmid mini, Trip.² 2182 . lán armide méich, MU² 728 . secht n-airmedae ardcathrach d'airnib, MacCongl. 124.20 . tabair in n-armidh chét do t'indsaigid ┐ tabair a tri lan d'ór inti, Acall. 5838 . As n. pr. A.¤ (a physician of the T. Dé D.), ZCP viii 105.23 .

1 airmitiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airmitiu or dil.ie/2280
Last Revised: 2013

n n, f. In phrase a.¤ féid (see 5 fíad). Vn. of ar-muinethar féid. act of honouring, respecting; honour, respect: a.¤ féid in chinn do thabairt donaib ballaib, Wb. 7d14 . 15a19 . amal dombeir in ben airmitin féith don fiur, 11c14 . ermitiu feid, Ml. 22a4 . ind ermitiu feid, 28a21 . inna ermiten feid .i. armbad mou de a.¤ feid ind aithisc, 35c23 . is e . . . ceta tarat airmitan feid do P., Laws iii 28.9 . Note also: airm in na robai fiadh na airmhitiu, Ériu ii 136 § 120 .

Without follg. féid: ní tartisset airmitin Dé `they have not shown the reverence due to God', Wb. 1b17 . 5d16 . tabair uait a.¤ iar sreith / do Adom . . ., SR 837 . ba mór ind a.¤ tra doratsat Ulaid do Chonchobur, LL 12465 . fogebad grad ┐ ermitin, Trip.² 332 . airmitin a aidi, 887 . icá onóir ┐ ica airmhitin, RC xxvii 266 § 9 . co somíad co n-onóir co nairmitin, LU 2460 . ropo máralt airmiten, 4312 ( SG 84.33 ). do altugud na hairmiden ┐ na honora moiri sin tucad do, RC xxiv 64 § 26 . ba mor a.¤ na hingini si oc Dia, Three Hom. 54.10 . fer co n-armitin chelli ┐ crotha hi tuaith ┐ a n-eclais a man admired for his sagacity and beauty, Ann. Conn. 1233.7 . mā beith tra do ūaisle ind ḟir grāid ┐ a airmidin in proportion to the nobility and the dignity of the ordained man, Ériu i 220 § 15 . cion ┐ onóir ┐ airmhidin air, TSh. 2742 . más barr é ar a n-oirmhidin, Content. x 15 . airmidin .i. onóir, O'Cl.

In pl. honours, privileges(?): Pardus . . . / cona huilib airmitnaib, SR 1488 . a hecna, a hairmitniu `her honour' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 148 § 27 . a hordan a hairmidniu (of Paradise), RC xxviii 322 § 51 = a hairmitiu, LU 2484 . aithbe oll ar th'airmitnib, LL 200a34 .

In sense of taboo (? `lit. consideration, caution, reverence for a supposed supernatural sanction ', Plummer MS notes): biaid a.¤ (airmitniu v.l.) fort ḟlaith . . . ┐ bid si do a.¤ (airmitniu dogrés v.l.) .i. do ghes (folld. by list of taboos), BDD 16 . But latter to be read airmit-siu, Celtica xxiii 47-48 . a.¤ .i. geis, H 3.18, 529 . airmide .i. geis, O'Cl. See airmit.

Sense not clear in legal phrase ainrecht (airecht, arracht) airmiten: fortacht co ndeithbire .i. in ni doni d'foirithin neich aile co ndeithbires aice budhein in t-arracht airmiten, Laws v 488.31 Comm. congnum .i. oc a ngabail anrecht airmiten fos, 490.18 Comm. cid fodera sin ┐ co fuil lan fir isin airecht airmidean?, 492.16 Comm. na huili borbgnímraid . . . isa riagal re airrecht airmiten um sláinti, O'D. 1567 (H. 5.15, 4a).

airmitnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmitnech or dil.ie/2283

Forms: oirmindech, oirbindech

adj o, ā (1 airmitiu). a.¤ féid honoured, respected: cach ōen comaldathar in cáin si . . . arop a.¤ fēith la Dīa, Cáin Ad. 30 . Later without féid: in fírén huasal a.¤ , Trip.² 2021 . fer soimm a.¤ , 2699 . fer óc a.¤ , RC xxvi 12 § ix ( LL 186a55 ). fer eirmhitnech, AU ii 176.22 . ingen uasal oirmitnech fia dáinib, Three Hom. 54.3 . a.¤ tuaite .i. dia tabair tua(i)t airmitin, BCrólige 32 . a.¤ Alman `revered one of Almain', RC xxiv 192.8 . i naentaid na naemh-Trinoidi . . . airmhitnighi, Lism. L. 1114 . gnuis airmetnech failid, BB 427a35 . a ógh airmhidneach (litany of the Virgin), Parrth. Anma 3944 . coic laithi airmhidnecha leo . . . cin tomhailt feola leo, `five days specially observed', Marco P. 27 . With metathesis oirmindech, ZCP xiii 8.18 . oirbindech, vi 24.16 . Compar.: mad sofoltachu in fer oldas in ben . . . no mad airmidnechu i.e. has a higher status, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 62 § 31 . Superl. ro hadhnacht . . . ionnus as airmidhnighe ro hadhnacht Gaoidheal riamh, Hugh Roe 326.5 (fo. 84b) .

2 ál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ál or dil.ie/2856

adj. of rare occurrence outside glossaries, which explain it as timid, fearful, afflicted: al .i. eccail nó tlaith, ut est al cach hongtha .i. is tlaith intí dia tabair olc .i. ecail nó ocal gach athguinech no gach benta, O'Dav. 116 . á.¤ cech angtha, Tec. Corm. § 13.23 . al gach ongtha .i. eagal gach athghonta, O'Cl. āl cach n-ai[n]gid, ACL iii 228.84 . āl cach n-imoman, 229.129 . Adv. da mbett rim co há.¤ (: dál) (oppd. to co tenn), Misc. Hag. Hib. 33.16 . Subst. is inann ferc ┐ al doib sin, ZCP xviii 264.17 (translating Lanfranc's drede, p. 282).

1 ale

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ale or dil.ie/2897
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aile

Also aile , alla, alla-alla, aill, ale, aili, ole. Interjection used in hailing or challenging: so, well, now , etc.: maith aile, TBC-I¹ 2316 . maith aile or in ri, YBL 138a40 = a.¤ , LL 282b11 . amai ole is tú láech as dech fil i nHerind, LU 5768 (TBC). mased a.¤ ar C., IT ii2 125.79 . a.¤ leic ass a Ḟerguis, TBC-LL¹ 764 . aile is áibind in carn, 1204 . ali, ced eter sin?, TTr.² 856 . in cumce in taige duit a.¤? is the house too narrow for you then? LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). alla alla for CuCh. cía fil alla mástat carait conná 'musnágat, 9090 (84). cionas daoine iad a.¤ , Cog. 202.9 . in fetrais . . . soithfir dom riachtain-sea . . .? cá soithfir sin alé?, Acall. 6791 . fingal étrom . . . andso a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 4299 . cid and sain a.¤?, LL 235b25 ( TTr. 1386 ). in fil mo cobair-si a.¤ etir?, ZCP vii 306.17 . Expressing surprise, often accompanied by disapproval or dismay: ale, a mhic bic … at-ciu ni foilli imbre an macraid 'hey, young boy … I see that it is not gentleness that you inflict on the youths' TBC St. 824 . aill amai ... tancatar námait a n-dún 'woe! … enemies have come into the fortress' FB2 30.16 . Indeed : ale … cibe raidhit eclacha do druim do leanna-sa ┐ do bidh, na tabair dot aoídh ina dott aire e indeed, whatever messengers say on the strength of your drink and your food, pay no heed or attention to it TBC St. 145 , Celtica xxv 91-92 . See amae.

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