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ad-noí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-noí or dil.ie/522
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: atnoim

v (* ath-no-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 586 ). entrusts, commends to (DO): Indic. pres. 1 s. ?atnoim .i. fulang, O'Curry 1300 ( H 3.18, 539b ). 3 s. atnoí do epscop Brón día altrum he entrusts (entrusted?) him, Trip.² 1611 . Aed atnoe (atnoi, adnai, adnaoi, att naoe v.ll.) huile oll doene dronchetal .i. . . . ┐ ro aithnistar Aed do Dallan . . . co mbad druine cech cetal in cetal-sa, ACC 115 ( RC xx 282 ). aithni timna . . . .i. timna in tí ad noi don tír, O'D. 939 (H 3.17, col. 659a). Pass. sg. sruith in aicdhi (ind aithne v.l.) adnur duit `noble is the knowledge that is imparted(?) to thee', Arch. Hib. iv 207 § 19 . ?adnuither cert (`let justice be dispensed'), Laws ii 130.19 . Ipv. 3 s. atnoad Concobar eim . . . ol is cetaicce Fionncoimiu let C. hand him over, IT i 142.15 ( Comp. CC 8.17 ). 2 pl. tairngid lib a aingliu . . . in anmain n-écraibdig sea ┐ aititnid (leg. aithnid, Ped. = tabraid , LU) i lláim Lúcifir dia bádud give it in charge to Lucifer, 183.22 . ?Subj. 3 s. (see Ped. loc. cit.) adnoodur gl. reseruare, Thes. i 714.11 . rodbo dia adroni et connói a rrad file andsom no is hésom adroni do dia in fochricc file do i nnim `either God has committed and preserves the grace that is in him . . .', Wb. 29d29 . uair ini ada chuir bel atbelat an ti adrona .i. icfa so in aithgin atrona, O'Curry 676 (H 3.18, p. 330).

With de: atnóe díobh gan tochar fris na Gallaibh he enjoins them, Hugh Roe 100.30 (fo. 27b) .

Vn. 1 aithne. Later as simple vb., see 1 aithnid. Cf. as-noí

1 aird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aird or dil.ie/1792
Last Revised: 2019

 

n f. See Vendr. Lex.

(a) peak, point: mind . . . ceithri ardda cruanmoithni [fair], Trip.² 943 . cach n-ulind . . . ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-aircind don charput sin, LU 6403 (TBC). ra a.¤ a gúaland, MU² 726 . samalta lim ra trí airdi ind echrad-sin. elta dub-en os chind arbaige, etc., LL 189b29 . cach duine a.¤ each on his hill, Ériu iv 130.8 .

(b) Usually point of the compass, quarter, direction: cethri arda in domain .i. tair ┐ tíar tess ┐ túaid, LU 10063 . rosir [in teidm] fo chethri hairdib Erenn, RC xvii 416.24 (Tig.). fo chetheora ardda in betha, SR 8044 . scailit fo arttaibh ind aiéoir, RC xxvi 364.23 . tabraid triar cacha arda immon ṁbudinsin, LL 13939 . cia hardi robatar ina rigi what were the limits of his kingdom, BB 488a42 . trí treba di cech a.¤ impi, LB 121b4 = gacha airde, Celtica iv 32.457 . ro élodh A. . . . as gach áird d'a chéile from one point to another, Ériu i 81.1 . cucligi in talman occa thochur dar a.¤ ┐ dar cenn `being turned up . . .', Ériu ii 138 § 137 . cridhe san a.¤ -sin níor fhéagh heart never looked in that direction, Dán Dé xxiii 29 . i nacchaid na des-airde southwards, BNnÉ 70 § 117 . do na Pictibh san a.¤ thuaidh, Keat. iii 1343 . ní cóir a.¤ ar tús no ar deireadh comhfhocuil achd soir no siar ré n-airdibh eile words meaning points of the compass, IGT Introd. 24 § 98 .

In various adv. phrases. a.¤ in a.¤ batar in da cath in line , Cog. 168.24 . do gerrsin in gormslegh a.¤ a n-a.¤ gusa imlinn all the way up, Comp. CC 110.7 . a.¤ i n-a.¤ frisna rothaib iarndaidib level with, LU 6503 (TBC). co tarla in muir a.¤ fri a.¤ (ard inard, St.) fris i.e. the sea was level with his head. TBC-LL¹ 1309 . o ra siacht C. ard fri a.¤ (ard inard, St.) fris, 1179 . a.¤ an ard re cerdcae ciormhaire opposite , TFrag. 222.22 . ard i na.¤ fria roile `opposite each other', AFM v 1672.1 . tuittfit na slēibhti innus co mbet a.¤ ar a.¤ frisna glenntaib, RC xxviii 312 § 11 . ar a.¤ present: ar airt cona roib etarcéin `on the spot', Wb. 26a14 . G. ┐ A. rí Róman ar a.¤ occa G. and A. king of the Romans were present at it (viz. a ceremony), Trip.² 303 . badar da righdamna . . . ar a.¤ acu, Snedg. u. Mac R 31.17 . ma ta in fear ar aird 'if the husband is at hand', Mar. Dis. 34 § 14 . for a.¤ , PH 5433 . ni beo fen for a.¤ I shall not be alive, Three Hom. 70.20 . neart do lámh ar a.¤ ní fhuil the strength of your hands is not noticeable, DDána 56.5 . gan fheagra ar a.¤ ná éifeacht `without an answer of any weight or effect', Content. xxi 4 . beirid ar a.¤ brings forward, displays: tucsat . . . na cathfir a ceird muccada ar a.¤ `the champions displayed their swineherd's art', Dinds. 57 ( RC xv 453 ). conid hi dombeir ar a.¤ madain domnaig `tis she that brings it up (on the shore)', 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). tuc in tespuc in lebar for a.¤ , PH 25 . mentions expressly, cites: gin go tucc ar a.¤ though he did not mention it explicitly, O'D. 522 ( H 3.17, c. 424 ). cuid crui don eiric tucad ar a.¤ . . . ┐ cuitig flatha . . . na tuc ar a.¤ , O'Curry 2103 (H. 4.22, fo. 76a). is aire tuc tar crich ar a.¤ i.e. he expressly added the words `tar crich', O'D. 605 ( H 3.17, c. 424 ). logh bó . . . ná tard for áird do beth a foeitsecht aigi `he has in reserve the value . . . which he does not bring into the account', Laws iv 132.24 Comm. dāla Conculaind doberar ar a.¤ it is mentioned (transition of narrative from the doings of Fer Diad to those of C. C.), TBC-I¹ 2574 . dosbert na briathra sa ar a.¤ he said these words aloud, TBC-LL¹ 1497 . nach ttabhairther a nanmanna for a.¤ , `whose names are not given', AFM vi 2074.24 . cuirid ar a.¤ proclaims: orrtha chodoil chríche faghladh / fiadha í Chéin do chor ar a.¤ , O'Hara 4408 . ós a.¤ aloud, openly, publicly (opp. of ós ísel, cf. 1 ard): tucsat gáir . . . os a.¤ , LB 151b34 . ni ba menma . . . la cech oen turcebus airbert ngaiscid uas a.¤ hi tirib Grec, LL 400a39 . siodhach ós a.¤ ┐ eissíodhach ó mhenmain, AFM v 1772.x . do-beir ós a.¤ tells aloud, expresses openly: oc tabairt a n-anmand ós a.¤ , LU 10496 . dobered cách a chomram . . . ós a.¤ each used to tell his triumphs aloud, LU 3233 ( SCC § 2 ). iomthūsa M. dobearar ōs a.¤ , ML² 1542 . cuirid ós a.¤ : gan dáil cruidh do chor ós a.¤ , O'Hara 4304 . téit ós aird becomes public: sul deach ós a.¤ mh'fúasgaladh `ere my release be noised abroad', Ériu ix 162 § 1 . gidh measa ag Dia a dhol ós aird `though He likes not open (sin)', Dán Dé xxiii 27 . ?As prep. phrase: ag teacht na bhfarraid ós arroid na ndaoine before the people, 23 P 18, 25 b26 . Also with prec. c (g): imthúsa Clainni Cailitín do-berar cosaird, Comp. CC 88.7 . tucadh a gairm righ gos a.¤ let the king's cry be raised, CF 914 . narb ail leis mi-clu gos a.¤ do tabairt di, Smaointe B. Chr. 493 . do chuir Martha na mirbuile cos a.¤ (= publicavit), 1778 .

airdalta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdalta or dil.ie/1804

 

(quantity of second -a- doubtful). Part. of ar-dáili. appointed, pre-ordained, fixed, certain . In attrib. use: ben aurdalta, Corm. Y 1018 . úama irdalta, LU 1242 . cid ná tabraid in cauradmir ucut . . . do churaid úrdalta to one warrior or another, 8970 ( FB § 72 ). a righ n-urdalta their own special king, TBC St. 4697 . ag imrád in chatha ┐ na hirgaile urrdálta arnamárach, Fianaig. 76.22 . smacht urdalta cindte ro cindsett na hudair, Laws v 312.19 Comm. teanga urdhalta éigin some orderly language, IGT Introd. 3.16 . seomraidhe . . . urdhalta `prepared', Fl. Earls 70.16 . 'na easpocc urdhálta an appointed bishop, BNnÉ 275 § 256 . ni bi duine . . . gan a fhod urdalta airchennta oidhedha d'urmaisi, MR 268.22 . Less common in predic. use: dianid érdalta a haittreb, LU 2061 . gur bo herdalta ind imdegail-sin (of the protected position of an army), Ann. Conn. 1224.13 . is aurdhalta leo-sum dogrés in dí lá sin fri hoifrend they set aside those two days, LB 10a19 . is urdalta dó co faigbe a aided limsa he is certain to, CCath. 2805 . o rob erdhalta lais a mharbhadh since he was sure he would be killed, AFM vi 1978. 14 .

As subst. nach erdalta gona duine bis leo so whatever slaying of a man is purposed by them, TBC-I¹ 2807 . an irdalta sin (of a customary offering of gold), LL 278b47 . an t-iordhalta rá bhaoi agamsa dóibh what (food) I had intended for them, TFrag. 74.15 . dorinde úrdálta dímm has made me a condemned victim, Alex. 787 . do bui aca a n-urdálta nach inntóbadh cechtar dib do'n deabaid `they were firmly convinced', Celt. Rev. iv 120.7 .

? erdalta fo bruinnib bárc / tond mo tugi tracht mo fraig, LU 2973 .

2 airlann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 airlann or dil.ie/2175
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: urlann, orlann, erlann

n (1 lann) Orig. o, later ā, f. urlann, orlann, erlann f., IGT Decl. § 12 . (a) end, butt-end, handle (of a weapon): an baile a negarthar a hadharc fuirre a fochair .i. a hurlann (of a spear), Laws iv 226.10 . Cf. aurlond . . . ainm d'oreill gae .i. ind adarc dub bis mon gai, Auraic. 1621 . ga . . . dá dorn .x. etar a hiarann ┐ a fochair .i. a hurlann, O'Dav. 495 . ro díbairg in ṅgai dó 's a urlond reme butt first, LL 13969 . tummis G. irlund a gai issin n-abaind, LU 1747 . tumais a herluinn, Ériu ix 178 § 13 . cresaigthi . . . in lagin . . . ┐ benaid a hurlond fria a bais, BDD² 1234 . da gae for cach óen crand leo gae for rend ┐ gae for erlond co mbad chumma dagontais do rennaib ┐ do erlonnaib, TBC-LL¹ 4531 . béim d'erlaind in rogaí, MU² 727 . sleg . . . co fethan óir impi o irlond co cró, LU 10665 . crann a c[h]raísighi o hurlainn co a h-innsma, ML² 919 . la tabairt a[i]rlaindi a tsligi for C. `fair t'irlaind dīm', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 38 § 7 . sleagh . . . an n-uair teilgtear a ndeōigh a hurluinne, Feis Tighe Chonáin 464 . cindus do-béra mé in tsleigh duit . . . in é a gráin do-béra mé roimpe nó an é a hurrlann?, Comp. CC 99 § 31 . maidhm na nUrland . . . for Gallu, RC xvii 364.12 ( = na nErland, AFM ii 808.6 ). éirghi ard ar earluinn ráimhe / balg ar dhearnuinn láimhe láoich, IGT Decl. ex. 591 . point, tip of a staff: teit erlund na bachla triana chois, Trip. 468.26 . do bered in file aurland . . . fors in cend ┐ ro finnad a ainm, Laws i 44.6 Comm. (a form of divination). Cf. tabraid cend na flesci filed fair, Corm. Y 323 . Of the rudder of a ship: intan tra documlaiset ┐ docorustar a lūi nō urland (aurlunn v.l.) fri tīr, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.9 ). Fig. cona nurlaind techta, Laws v 438.24 .i. . . . cach grad da daim coir maraen ris, 440.8 Comm. = o a urluth techta .i. dam bas coir inna theg, O'Curry 862 ( H 3.18, 389 ab) `? a persons' retinue or attendance', Plummer MS. notes. co haurlaind a dithma end, completion(?), Laws i 102.8 = co n-aurlund, v 404.22 . Compd.: d'ordaibh . . . urlainnleathna, TSh. 1980 `with broad handles', Gloss.

(b) (? air- + slond) marker (of gender) Sages, Saints and Storytellers 1-3 . In Auraic. of the pronouns é, í, ed (and their Latin equivalent hic, haec, hoc) used to determine the gender of following nouns (cf. also the various applications of 3 a.): aurlond . . . ainm d'oreill gae . . . is di arsisidar in gai, imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu-sa .i. ise isi ised: no dona deich n-urlandaib-sea etc., Auraic. 1621 ff. tri herlonda indsge .i. tri remsloind . . . .i. is se, is si, is edh, 3120 . masgal ┐ feimin ┐ nemutur lasin Laitneoir . . . nus-deochrend a tri herlanna innsge, id est hic, hec, hoc , 3026 = a tri urluimi, 524 . urland ria n-urland ┐ urland iar n-urland ┐ urland inand iter da urland nach it inanda. Urland rie n-urland quidem, iní rie se no rie sí no re séudh. Erland ier n-urland .i. in se no in si no in sedh. Urland inand iter da urlaind nach it inanda .i. in se inand fil in gach focul, ni herlond is achd (leg. achd is) reimtsuidugud: no is fri se no fri sedh. i.e. the a.¤ before an a.¤ is the noun preceding , or sed; an a.¤ after an a.¤ is the word , , or sed; an identical a.¤ between two a.¤'s which are not identical is the which is the same for every word, whether it be for or sed, for `is sed' is not an a.¤ but an `anteposition' ( ni erlond is sed, 593 (i.e. does not indicate gender?), 3114 - 3120 ). cuin is urland, cuin is indsge? . . . Is he [isi issedh: indsci emh intan itberor] nama gan araill imaille fris. Urlond eim antan dobeire fria araill, ut est is he in feur (isé, isí, ised are innsce (gender) when used absolutely but each of these is an airland when it serves to indicate or point out a follg. subst. e.g. isé in fer, isí in ben?), 3103 . Also applied to gender forms of numerals: aurlunna ilair mascul ┐ femen in so sis: se, da, thri, cet[h]ri: si, di, teora, cetheora, 1714 , cf. 1623 ff. See 3 airlann.

aradu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aradu or dil.ie/3941

 

Forms: aradha, aradnach, aradhnachaibh

n n, f. aradha f., IGT Decl. § 9 .

(a) preparation, arrangement, disposal, treatment . In Laws only in Comm.: aradha athgabala orrudh, ii 66.19 . athgabail tulla . . . is e a haruda, i 212.29 . as ar athgabail inbleoguin ata in aradha sin, 290.19 . aradhu ┐ frithgnumh in luaidh . . . da trian innech bias ar aradhain, ii 416.28 . im aradain ┐ im leth frichnam na trebaire, 392.12 . ? ealadu ┐ frichnum air (of an iron pot), v 18.1 . arada na cuic seoit (sic for seot) romhuinn orro, 42.z . da rann dec do denum de in arudhu adrubramar romaind, iii 340.24 . mana fuil ceithri cutruma aithgina do smacht ann is arudha seoit diubulta `it has the graduation of a double 'sed'', 342.12 . isi so in aradha ara roich .x. mba na fomolta and, O'Curry 1000 (H 3.18, 427a). in fiche gne saerda catead a n-araide (aradnai, v.l. 4819) foraib how are they classified? Auraic. 1639 . Of preparing food: do-ronsat cuiccnecht in n-úain cháscda ┐ a aradain, PH 5098 . as ferr áradhu immat, BNnÉ 29.6 . Treatment in general: ba cóem . . . in phelait . . . ba líach drocha.¤ furri, TFerbe 402 . tabraid aradain cóir forsin anmain, PH 3569 . tabair h'áradain féin fair, RC xxvi 366.3 . roba córa daimh fri har ┐ tarrudh libh, oldas an aradhain uccat do thabairt for deisciplaibh Dé (of monks engaged in digging and field-labour), BNnÉ 297 § 32 . Cf. aradhain uilc .i. droich-dhíol, O'Cl. fúair in gein aradain olc / ac fagadaib i Fornocht `met ill treatment', Metr. Dinds. iii 74.111 . sobartan .i. soaraide .i. araide maith, O'Dav. 1454 .

(b) rein(s) (note g p. aradnach, ITS xxiv 62.25 . d p. aradhnachaibh, AFM vi 2168.1 ): rogabastár éssi astuda a ech i n-a thuasri .i. aradna a ech, LU 6398 (TBC). arathain, echsrian no delg, Laws i 134.12 Comm. a srian cona aradnu hítha, MacCongl. 81.5 . gabaidh aradhaín in e[i]ch in a laim, Aen. 2848 . ro lacsat na marcaigh a n-aradhna da n-echaibh, CCath. 1274 . is secht n-eich a n-aradnaibh, BB 271b15 . arádha eich na láimh, Duan. F. i 30.19 . a láim na haradhan, IGT Decl. ex. 313 . Fig. fad aradhna Dé ar a dhoirr / do bhoing sé a hanumhla inn, ex. 320 . do ní ar a fheirg arodhain controls, Dán Dé xxii 25 . ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim do not give me my head, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . toil na hoileamhna ag iarraidh ar n-aradhna trying to rein me in, DDána 70.2 .

búrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búrach or dil.ie/7469
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: búirech, búarach, búirech, buire

n o, n. Less freq. búirech (cf. búire, búirithir). Also appar. búarach.

(a) fury, rage; in some exx. perh. attack, onset: amb. roḟersat nacuraid, RC viii 56.10 . brath na baegul na b.¤ , LL 32383 ( TTr. 1574 ). cor'-imbir a b.¤ forru, TTr.² 1159. srenb. craidi cach míled, MU² 611. no-bíd danó Conchobar oc airbríathrad Chon Culainn, co-nna-rucad a búrach immach etir 'Conchobar, moreover, was ordering Cú Chulainn not to vent his rage at all', Tall. Étair 46.97 . rugsat . . . b.¤ / tré cath na ngall `made a brave charge', Cog. 114.5 . ó ro soich buirech a bedg (of hunted boar), Acall. 1792. in luthbás ┐ in b.¤ , TTr.² 1472. fri burach ferga, Ériu ii 130 § 99. co ro-cherddaind mo búraig (sic) ferge . . . far na sluagaib `my charge of anger', CRR 40. tabraid supa am crechtaib, corralar mo buaraigh mbais for Ultu despairing effort (?), B. Fermoy 32a . bud buarach bais duitsiu in comairle sin, RC xi 28.30 . ? nírop b.¤ betraighi, LL 386a44 , see 2 búarach.

In legal and quasi-legal contexts (here more usually búirech): is tre fhīr flathemon tēora blaī būirig im cach n-ōenach `Freiheiten von Zorn', ZCP xi 82 § 26 = tre blaī buraig cech coimdeth (buradhaigh, v.l.) . . . blaī āne ech . . . blaī . . . dūnaid . . . būaid cuirmthige, 93 § 28 (expld. by Thurneysen as occasions on which dissension might arise, but which are free of it during a good reign). Cf. messc n-aenaich fair mesc cuirmthige messc dunaid / a diguin im fer a faithchi is damna mburaig, Ériu xvi 182 § 32. ben for blai buirigh .i. for baile a ndentar agh borr ria, O'Dav. 309 = buire, 238 . ni tuidbenar ar baig na buirech . . . na forecar neicne aggression, fury, rape, O'D. 622 ( H 3.17, 463 - 464 ). ? dethbir ngnima ┐ buirech ninnraigh, O'Curry 1766 ( 23 Q 6, 36ab ). burach nindraig, O'D. 1617 (H. 5.15, 14a). buirach ninnra techt i slicht ga deirg iar nguin neich dot cairdib, 713 (H. 3.17, 521). indrud .i. orguin, ut est buirech [n-oldas v.l.] indrud ` outcry ', O'Dav. 1129.

(b) trench, pit, excavation (on relation of meanings (a) and (b) see TBC-LL¹ p. 894 n.6 , Loth, RC xli 372 - 4 ): concechlaid b.¤ (of a bull), LU 5332 (TBC). būrach trī fēindetha annīsiu, TBC-I¹ 2821 (of wound). b.¤ thrí bfeindeadh .i. borrágh trí bfeinneadh, no thri laoch, O'Cl. foclassa b.¤ dóib, TBC-LL¹ 6144. dá rás-tharbh . . . ic brisiudh búraigh, MR 298.19 . Perh. also: im burach do thene (`for the fury of thy fire'), Laws i 166.27 . co ramut bidbad, co buirech mbaiti, ZCP xii 363.13 .

In n. loc. Fergna . . . rí Búrig Ulad, MU² 326.

1 caín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caín or dil.ie/7787
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: caindeifriges, cainternais

adj i fine, good, fair, beautiful , etc. Of persons etc.: Bláán cáin Cinn Garad, Fél. Aug. 10 . C. ba cáin áge, July 6 . a phopa ch.¤ Conaire, BDD² 1175 . caínsi ch.¤ corcarda lais, 675 . caín tarb (caintarb, v.l.) (of Cet), Sc.M² 15 . coīn mīlid Ailill fri āgu, Corp. Gen. 8.13 . is cur c.¤ ¤ cathbúadach, LU 8956 ( FB 71 ). it caíni for slúaig, 5531 (TBC). am c.¤ (.i. ni ḟuil luib is chaime andú), LL 1555 . cid cáin lib in laechrad, IT i 77.9 (LMU). cáin cech culēn fó ṡaidh, Cáin Ad. 8 . aged chāin (: sōir), ACL iii 307 § 15 . ingen Chuinn an c[h]rotha caoin, ML² 810 . sé c.¤ ceilligi carthanach, Stair Erc. 1025 . Of an action: is cáin didiu a n-essimthecht `fair then is their going forth', Thes. i 495.19 (Ardm.). ? c.¤ forondar a chorp hi crú, LU 8339 ( FB 24 ) (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 604 ). Of clothes: fúan c.¤ corcra, LU 8601 ( FB 45 ). ad-mestar cáircha assa comthlachtaib cóinib, ZCP xi 85 § 39f. lend bus caoin dath, ML² 513 . Of objects soft, smooth : ail chaoin cumdachta, Ériu xiii 30.29 . im iomdhaidh thaoibh chais chaoin, 28.22 . ag cennghail um charraic cháin, Acall. 858 . mess fás. fidh cáin. olcc bláth `smooth' (i.e. devoid of fruit ?), SG 80.8 . is c.¤ cech ard, LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). ba c.¤ ind fhidchell, TBFr. 90 . Of speech etc. soft, gentle : guthán c.¤ , Ériu xviii 12 § 6 . caoin fuigheall fri heigsi, Ériu xiii 14.3 . labhra chaoin, DDána 13.4 . d'aitheasg chaoin, 17.15 . cómhrádh caoin gach naoimh, Párl. na mB. 889 . ceól caoin na bhfilídhe, 1633 . ar chruit chaoin, DDána 119.29 . comhairle ch.¤ , ML 6.22 . Of weather fine, clement : sína caíni . . . gaim c.¤ cuisnech (oppd. to sína saiba), ZCP xi 82 § 25 . In chevilles: caoin rath, Blathm. 4 . caoin sgel, 153 . In nn.loc.. crutti Caínbili o Ess Rúaid da n-airfitiud, LL 8816 ( TBC-LL¹ 1449 ). Cf. Cluain caín, Druim caín, Caíndruim etc., Hog. Onom. Adv. co c.¤ cennsa, Stair Erc. 2235 .

Compar. Ailenn . . . / caīnu dūn dindgnai, Corp. Gen. 8.17 . cainiu cach fiach, SR 2485 . cainiu fedaib, Auraic. 5550 . ba cæine side cach fichthill, ZCP iv 35.17 v.l. As superl.: cáiniu di ḟlaithib in domuin, TBC-LL¹ 5171 .

Superl. ǽ drobéssach caínem di thonemaib Heirenn, Trip.² 1695 . Crist ba caoinem clú, Blathm. 247 .

As subst. Of a person: caoin ó a bhfaghair fóirithin (of a bishop), Arch. Hib. i 97 xviii . caíni U. (three harpers), TBFr. 108 . See 2 caín.

Compds. Forms compds. with nouns, adjj. and in adverbial sense with verbs. In composition with verbs treated as unstressed prefix, see GOI § 384 . In later lang. such compds. treated as simple vbs. e.g. caindeifriges, Auraic. 985 ; cainternais (sic leg.), ML 162.22 . Also used to form artificial compds. in etymol. glosses. Some of the compds. included here could belong to cain.

With nouns: ar a chaonairilledh, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.2 . bindḟogur a gotha ┐ a caínurlabra, LL 7740 ( TBC-LL¹ 210 ). trisin cainaisṅdíis (ref. to bene gratias agis). Wb. 12d20 . ar cháinbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi, MU² 211 . a gcrabhadh ┐ a ccáoinbhesaibh, Ériu v 74.13 . cāemdūdracht, cāinbēsa, ZCP viii 215.2 . do cech eclais bís i cāinbéscnu, Cáin Ad. 36 . aitherrach cáinbescna daib fri Dia, Anecd. i 41.20 . ica tá caoin bleith (of metal), O'Dav. 200 . ropo chuiscle chaenbríg, LL 27008 . fo cháinbuide (: óenṡuidi) na ndrong, SR 6055 . atcota becdata cāinbude humility wins gratitude, Anecd. iii 11.7 . ech gach eamhain ina caoincennas coir, Ériu xiii 27.8 ( Laws v 62.21 Comm. ). biaidh bo fó chaoinchethair ar anair n-iorchoraigh, xiii 25.22 `there will be a cow four fair times (i.e. there will be four cows) for a full melodious anair' (verse dealing with the rewards due to various metres), Meyer, Misc. Hib. 22 . ¤-chomrac etc. see separate entries. do-rala caínchomrád etir Coin C. ┐ Emir, MU² 136 . tré . . . caencrabud B., Lism. L. 3330 . atcota cīall cáin-chruth, Anecd. iii 10.18 . Mock n.pr.: Caonchruth mac Caoindhelbha, ii 64.5 . fothughad a caen-daime budein, Laws v 52.17 Comm. ¤-dúthracht etc., see separate entries. céd corn caoinegair, Mart. Don. xxxvi 14 . co cathair na caenḟled, Gorm. Dec. 18 . a chaínfochell asar corp `fair wage', Wb. 15c24 . tabraid . . . cāinforgall, Thes. ii 306.2 (Hy. i). ní raba . . . bá moo eneach na caonfuarascaibh ionás renown, TFrag. 178.1 . ¤-ḟúairrech etc. see separate entries. sin chaóinfresdail ┐ fritheoladh, RC xxix 146 § 72 . nach claistear a gcaoinḟriotal gentle speech, Hackett² xviii 39 . tria caonGhaoidheilg, Hugh Roe² 244.7 (fo. 61a) . Maccæma Túath nDea dom ét iar mo caenghuide, RC xii 60 § 18 . huanaib cainimbedaib ilaigthib gl. multiplicatis benedictionibus, Ml. 105a7 . cāinlāech Luigdech, AID i 53 § 3 , Celtica xi 125 . ar chrábhadh na caoin-léaghan do rádh `to say a prayer(?)', Celt. Rev. x 134.12 . caín-leas, MR 160.5 . fó ṡídh ┐ fo chaoin loisi, AFM ii 1164.6 . triallais . . . caenmag, LL 15762 . naoi ccuill chaoinmhesa, Ériu xiii 26.20 . anruth .i. sruth cain molta uadh, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. concertfa caenrecht for iathu B., YBL 181a11 . act rocloor for cáinscéilsi a good account of you, Wb. 23b2 , cf. b41 . fer ro scríb . . . / cáinscéla Críst chrochthai, Fél. May 6 . rind caein-sholais Chaingcrech, MR 114.2 . gan dire do chreith caoinṡrothaib, Ériu xiii 17.13 . á caintaidlech gl. satisfactionem, Ml. 32b22 . cáinteist diib `good testimony', Wb. 23a23 . ic tabairt chaintestusa, LB 107a24 . caintír toirthech (? cain), SR 963 . déce do caerca caeintlachta, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.15 . teinniu achuinscliu caíntocud, LU 7385 . trí hingena berta seirc do cháinthocud, Triads 110 . iarsin chaíntoil gl. secundum bonum placitum, Wb. 20d19 . do lucht na cain toile, ITS xxix 144.2 . 'na sgéith chreidimh ┐ chaointoile, Parrth. Anma 5064 . cáintoimtiu diib `a fair opinion of you', Wb. 23a22 . adchonncadar . . . isan chaentracht clerech, RC xxvi 160 § 47 . iarna cáintuistin, SR 7999 .

With adjj.

(a) Dvandva compds.: tecait cāinḟinn / corra, ḟāilinn `fair white birds', K. and H. 18 § 27 . cāinmaith slān / Sīrne, Ält. ir. Dicht. i 29.27 .

(b) Adjj. derived from nouns: go cobhsaidh caoin-bhéasach, TSh. 1854 . do reir diancecht cainbrethaig fair-judging, Laws iii 362.4 Comm. ambreith Chaei Chaenbrethaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 9.2 . Connla Caoinbhriathrach, Keat. iii 518 . Mock n.pr. Feli ingen Caoinchlothaigh, Anecd. ii 64.9 . is caínchomairlechu beith i ssíd, LL 31741 (TTr.). uo cōinchomráitech . . . na fēne re chéle, Fianaig. 64.4 . a sgiath . . . chaoindealbhach, ML 112.19 . in dearc . . . caen-dénmach beneficent, PH 5923 . cros caoindénmhach uas a cind, AFM iii 312.10 . caindénmide gl. benefica est, Ml. 25d4 (caindenminde, MS). caindéinmidi (-deimidi, MS) gl. beneficam, 120b6 . amal as dund chaindénmidiu gl. benefico, 33b9 . nadbi caínfoltach nibi caínfuillmech `he who is not well qualified is not well remunerated', Ériu xviii 47.5 ( Laws v 112.7 ). cluithche caoínmhenmnach, Ériu v 166.56 . easbog cáoinráidhtioch, Párl. na mB. 3794 . labrad uallach ┐ chaintoimtenach dib fadesin `proud and self-complaisant speech', Ml. 31b10 . See caínḟúairrech.

With verbs: cáin-airlice lend graciously(?), LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). mani cáinairlither `unless thou take good heed', Wb. 5b38 . in tan na cain-biadhtar cain-scarat, Laws v 292.12 . nī bo fri óigthea acher / cāinbói (.i. cáin nobíid) fri lobru trúagu, Thes. ii 328.3 (Hy.v). la Dal Riada cainebar / . . . / lethdeog, Anecd. i 14.15 ( SCano 478 ) (ibid). cáineperr gl. bene dicitur, Sg. 215a3 . caínéra, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). caoin éranar muca mbroghtar ina muicthech, Ériu xiii 27.23 = amail atbeir isin bretha nemidh cain erenar muc mbrogtar ┐ rl., O'Curry 1451 ( H 3.18, 647b ) (as-ren). c.¤ feid a rosc, LU 8342 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ fera bodil di fodbaid ríg (rhet.), 6122 (TBC). c.¤ fúalaing fuither glaini sair, 8343 ( FB 24 ). inna caingnethi gl. bene acta, Ml. 22d18 . With in-láidi, see ind-láidi. cumala caínógat a ngnímu `who fulfil their services well', Críth G. 485 and n . caínoís, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ) (oidid). cain rognatha (gníid), Ml. 39a24 . cáinscríbaimm, Thes. ii 290.11 . caínté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1570 (téit). cia tīasam cáin temadar (.i. alaind), Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). in-díu trá cáin-timgarat, Lament 90.5 . inna caintinscantai gl. bene coepta, Ml. 131c18 . caín tintaé chucum, LU 8310 ( FB 23 ). is caintormachtae (do-formaig), Hib. Min. 13.451 . clanda caine caīntuismiter, ZCP xi 92 § 21 . amail bid cainullmaigthe, Hib. Min. 13.448 .

In etymol. glosses on con as conjunction and preverb: caoinberim nó caoinbritheamnaigim gl. conidbiur, O'Dav. 391 (cf. Ériu xiii 21.30 ). conamus . . . .i. . . . ro cainaimsighedh, Laws i 48.18 Comm. conaraig . . . .i. . . . ro chain-airgestair, v 292.14 Comm. ar na conderbathar .i. ar na caindiubarthar, iv 196.23 Comm. (2 do-rorban?).

In later lang. used as occas. alliterating ornament e.g. do chogair ┐ do chaoin-chomhairligh aige féin, ML 26.14 .

With vnn.: cuile iar cainbiathad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52.29 ( Laws ii 386.z ). a condaill .i. a caindeligud, Auraic. 1501 . na ro cuindrigther . . . .i. na dentar do caindirech, Laws i 192.8 Comm. (etymol. gl.). in chainepirt gl. benedictio, Ml. 137d6 . tosach cōru cāinepert, Anecd. iii 16.15 . is maith bar caeineiberta, SG 350.1 . ¤-gním, see separate entry.

cín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cín or dil.ie/9105

 

n f. (Lat. quinio, GOI 571 ) booklet, book (perh. smaller than lebor): cīn memraim a quinque, ar it cōic tūaga ata tēchta do bith innti, Corm. Y 230 = O'Mulc. 228 (stuaga). seang thost ōs cut a cīn glossed os cend a leabhair (: sīn), ZCP v 483.14 (B. na f.). nī uindim aon-nin am chīn, glossed: nī faicim aonlitir am lebhar, 488 § 4 (B. na f.). taēb re lēgenn cretrai is chīn (: rīgh), Measgra Uí Chl. 147 § 11 ( ACL iii 306 ). tabraid dún cīna memruimm `sheets of parchment', PH 3773 . Of individual books: is amhlaidh innister isin Cin Ollaman, Auraic. 1204 ( 4316 ). For lost C.¤ Dromma Snechta see Heldensage 15 - 18 , Murphy, Ériu xvi 145 - 51 . incipiatur nunc Cin Droma Snechtai, Heldensage 17 (from Eg. 88 ). ni fil isin Cin Droma sin, Hib. Min. 47.8 . amhail adeir Cin Droma Sneachta, Keat. i 190.15 . Note also: slicht na cíni (of C.¤ Dromma Snechta), LU 8025 (= slicht Libair Dromma Snechta, 8005 ). Of books or sections of books containing legal material: cini ┐ cethirsleachta, O'Curry 323 ( H 3.18, 178 ) = Laws v 98.29 . ordug[ud] . . . cana ┐ cine ┐ ceitherslechta (subjects that a judge must know), O'D. 924 (H.3.17. 656). na haiscaide filit isin chin, Laws ii 380.5 Comm. On c.¤ lae diary . see Éigse ix 81 and cf. Cín Lae Ó Meall.

cobais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cobais or dil.ie/9804

 

Forms: coibse, cobais, coibsena

n n, f. (Lat. confessio, see GOI 123 ). Also with n s. coibse, Thes. ii 238.18 (orig. d s., Thurn.), and later a d s. cobais. ? g s. coibsena, ZCP iii 210.5 .

Confession (of sin); confidence, secret: coibsin i.e. confesiones .i. ōn chomfaoisitin, Corm. Y 292 = c.¤ .i. comais, Corm. 11 . cid arfaoma . . . cobsen (leg. -in?) neich, Mon. Tall. 160.16 . co coibhsinaibh minca with frequent confession, ZCP vi 83.29 . D. . . . d'écc . . . iar mbuaidh ttiomna ┐ ccoibhsean, AFM ii 1166.7 . teora coibsena fira . . . do radha, IT iii 197.24 . ni-rolil in clerech i-sna coibsenaib disclosed the confidences, RC viii 154.8 . ? coibeis rēil reithenach / re trēn, re trūagh, ZCP viii 215.3 = cobais, Lec. 171 va51 (cf. 1 cubus?).

In phrases: octabirt coibsen, Wb. 15c25 . ma doradad a coibsin `if they have . . . made their confession', Mon. Tall. 135.12 . tabraid for c.¤ centláis, SR 3613 . tabair do choibsena = confitendo peccatum tuum, Lat. Lives 84.18 . do bertsomh a choibsena dia anmcharaitt `gave his confidences', Hugh Roe² 276.26 . condatardat hicoibsin (viz. sins), Ml. 131d16 . nach tibrad a c.¤ . . . cin do, Grail 1379 . Freq. in asseveration (infl. of cubus, see Desid. Gloss.): doberim mo chabhais I swear, IT iii 197.y . is sí mo ch.¤ , TBC-LL² 1299 . attear ar c.¤ , 2729 = dar mo chubus, St. mo ch.¤ ni chuala, Ériu v 32.15 . dom chubhuis, Dhá Sg. Art. 1904 . tuc a chubais na budh rí . . . R. swore, RC xviii 280.3 (Tig.). is cabhais damsa . . . nach rach, BB 7a34 . ised is cubuis damsa, do beithsi acamsa a mbroid `I vow that I shall make thee captive', Grail 2135 .

colach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colach or dil.ie/10474

 

adj o, ā (col) wicked, criminal, sinful, lewd ; as subst. criminal, sinner : colaig .i. facinorosi , Ml. 91b2 . sacart c.¤ , Triads 96 (tuisledach, diultach, v.ll.). aerchinnig claín at e colaig, LU 2219 ( FA 29 ) = airchindig chloincholaig, IT i 189.29 (LB). iartaige na hingine colaige, LL 36404 . c.¤ gl. Cayn, Ir. Gl. 1030 . na colaigh . . . ┐ lucht gach uilc ele `incestuous', RC xxviii 318 § 30 . clann c.¤ Iochasta of incest(?), TTebe 4197 . tabraid cucum . . . in colaig confadaig, 2125 . gach rí c.¤ do-ní drúis, TSh. 5458 . See also 1 cuilech.

comḟuilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comḟuilid or dil.ie/11239

 

Forms: comḟuilige, commuilidi, comḟolbthaige

n i, m. (fuil, see GOI 171 ). Later also comḟuilige. commuilidi, BB 241a45 (cf. comḟolbthaige, comm-) blood-relative: honaib comfulidib echtrannaib .i. ar comfulidib ar chuit ceneuil gl. consanguineís, Ml. 66d1 . dia chomfulidib fessin `to his own kinsmen', 67c2 . na tabraid coicill . . . do carait no do comḟuilidhi (= -ige), CCath. 5162 . comat derga airm chaich assa chomfhuiligi, YBL 173b27 . roadnaic cach . . . a chomfialusa ┐ a chomuilidhe `relatives', Ériu viii 56.6 . a chairde ┐ a chomhḟuilidhe, AFM v 1772. 15 .

daingen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daingen or dil.ie/14232
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: daighion, daingne, daingean, -in, daingin, daingne, daighean

adj o-ā. Phonet. ní daighen (leg. n-i[m]daighen, RC xxxvii 11 ) BB 298 b 10 . 455 a 20 . OCU p. 111 . daighion, 24 P 33, 289.17 (= Forus Foc. 9 ). Cf. also daigniu, LL i 706 .

I Adj. Firm, fast, strong, solid . Synon. dron, LL 311 b 18 . O'Dav. s.v. dron . Opp. édaingen. Rhyming with caingen, Anecd. i 60 st 86 , with aingel, SR 339 . isin dún d.¤ , Ml. 32 a 16 . a dún d.¤ , Fél. Prol. 130 . serc deodae d.¤ , ib. Epil. 210 . But Ep. 342 : adsluindiu do riched | a nderamrae ndaingen contains prob. the subst. rodruitset clocha in dorais fria chéli corba d.¤ doscáilte hé iarum, LB 236 a 28 . forsin leas ní daighen (leg. n-i[m]daighen, RC xxxvii 11 ) BB 298 b 10 (= MacCarthy 130. 3 ). is aire sin derbus Bernard ... na neithed so do beth daingen certain R.I.A. 3 B 22 . rún daingion a firm purpose Donlevy 282. 1 (see ACL ii 56 ). i dtor dhaingean, TSh. 153. 11 . daingean dlúithiadhta, ib. 187. 15 . táim a nacharan daingion na mbliadhanta, Midnight court 310 . co mbeth se daingin agud, RC xix 26 § 19 . speir na nairdrennach nd.¤ of the fixed stars MS. Mat. 657 . Of the weather: d.¤ in bliadain, Rennes MS 121 a 2 (scribal note). nom. acc. pl.: dá lethansciath lándangni, TBC-LL¹ 3611 . daingne (rhyming with caingne) SG 406. 11 . rochuir cruadh ṡnadhmanna coṁdhaingne dosgaoilte uirre féin, Tor. Dh. Oss. iii 94. 23 . hinat daingen isin corp 'a solid place in the body', Ériu lii 176 § 4.6 (= CIH vi 2060.21 ). ní regat cuirp na hesergi tria churpa dlúthi ┐ tria churpa daingne (.i. tria chlochaib ┐ cranna) non penetrabunt dura et impenetrabilia PH 6745 . sála daingiona, Midnight court 576 . COMP. daingniu: as dánu is d. which is noblest and strongest Fél. May 23 . ba daingne ┐ ba duaibsige deired, MR 216. 20 . ZCP i 396. 9 . ADV. in saer doní in durrthech cu dron...nó cu daingin, Laws v 27 (comment.). rocheangail sé go d.¤ dosgaoilte...é, Tor. Dh. Oss. iii 94 . 23 . tabraid druil iarnaigi forru (viz. na doirrsi) co d.¤ , PH 3875 . cretidh co d.¤ , CCath. 5517 . congaib co daiggen cuimnioch hé, Aisl. Tond. iii . do chreideadh óna chroidhe go d.¤ , Donlevy 12. 22 . da ṁaoidheam go daingion le recaireacht éithig, ZCP v 245. 14 (Cúirt).

II Subst. o, n.

(a) a stronghold, fastness, fortress, defence; a strong thing. Synon. dín, Stowe Gl. 71 . carcair priosún daingean, Eg. Gl. 113 . ara ndénta d.¤ namra leis dia chathraig, Ériu ii 22. 15 . corbo léor do dún ┐ do d.¤ TBC-LL¹ 2641 . daingen ┐ istad caithme conaich, D IV 2, 45 a 1 . 14 . nách fuil d.¤ ná dídean eile agna daoinibh, TSh. 61. 1 . a sg. iar ccur na creiche for daingen, AFM iv 828. 7 . g s. rothócbadar inad cathrach ┐ daingin dóib, Aen. 1545 . d s. ina dangon díthogla, LL 163 a 6 . rogab longphort i nimfogus don d.¤ sin, CCath. 3460 . co ndechaid cách díb dia dangiun, TTr. 2198 . plur. daingne: roptis daingne mo daingne, LL 307 b 31 . fri daigniu demni, 7 a 7 . nocur tairmiscset d.¤ in longphuirt iad, CCath. 3063 . radíleg a déntu ┐ a dindgnai ┐ a degdangni, TTr. 558 . co mbrisfed Ísu do daingne siu, PH 3883 . robris a d., ib. 3901 . daingen do daingnib an domain a strong thing CCath. 5249 . daingnecha: a dhaingnecha, AFM iv 854. 14 . dochuadur ara ndaingneachaibh, AU iii 188. 22 . See also daingnech. LOC.—Daingen Philipstown AFM v 1498. 16 . Daingen Bona Cuilinn, ib. ii 1078. 18 . D.¤ Úi Chúis i cCiarraighe Dingle AFM v 1714. 1 . ib. 1734. 16 .—METAPH. tre dhaingen na luirighi, MR 286. 3 . tuc daingean an chreasa dursglaighi an aladh, ib. rob tú mo dídiu rob tú mo daingen, Ériu ii 89. 15 . an eagluis ... ursa ┐ d.¤ na fírinne, Donlevy x 20 .

(b) enclosure, fence . faithche frisi fuirmidhther daingen ma cuaird, Laws i 268. 19 (cf. ib. 302. 33 : gurab daingen in faithe risi fuirmidhther ai). cuiris scén fo buaib...co riacht cach bó díb a dín ┐ a dangen, RC xiii 114. 2 .

(c) a strong body of troops . dochuatur fo énd.¤ , AU iii 544. 13 .

(d) a bond, compact, covenant, espousal, security . tuc an rí in d.¤ sin dó, ZCP vi 98. 18 . tugadur d.¤ brátharda dá céile, ib. 66. 28 . dá tugtha sa do daingin dam nach fellfaidh form, vi 48. 14 . d.¤ fír. ib. iii 530. 16 . tucadar sluaigh an caistial si a ndaingen ┐ a nerrsnadmann, RC x 186. 5 . tucsat Síl Muireghaigh a ndaingen uile ┐ a lugha na tipridís in tigerntus do neoch aile, ALC i 546. 27 . ni ronaisg lugha na d.¤ fair, Hugh Roe 56 . nách bí d.¤ idir iat féin ┐ Dia, TSh. tar éis daingin do thabhairt eidir Muire ┐ Joséph, Matthew i 18 . —pl. fri daingne demne, Lec. 552 a 18 .

COMPS. daingen-chlassach a moat . rangadar muintir Fedlimid tar dúnchladh ┐ tar d.¤-chlasaighan oilen, AFM iii 286. 11 . daingen-dlúthachad act of closing firmly. daingen-gremach: dód lámha d.-a, CF 205 . dunais ṅa dóide d.-a, ib. 968 . d.¤-tócbaim I raise strongly. d.¤-tuairgim I beat strongly. clár-daingen with strong boards: go ccairpibh clárdhaingne cuṁdaighthe, CRR 76. 29 . clogat c. a strong-cased helmet MR xiv 18 . trebardaingen wise and strong, see CCath. gloss. ind.

MOD. daingean, adj. and subst. (gen. -in, pl. daingin and daingne). Pron. daighean U. and Con.

dantmír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dantmír or dil.ie/14622
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dant-mír, dant-mír

n nn, n. (dant + mír). Usually identified with curad-mír `the heroes' morsel,' but dant-mír seems to signify a piece of food which, according to old custom, was put between the teeth of the dead: rosfúair hi fástig oc fuiniu héisc for indéin ┐ bae cenn Lomnai for bir hi cinn na tened. in cétlucht doralad dind indéin rantai Coirpri doa tríb nonburaib ┐ ní tardad dantmír i mbeolu in chinn olṡodain ba geis la Fiannu the first batch that was taken from the gridiron, Coirpre distributes it to his thrice nine men; but the `dantmír' was not put into the mouth of the head though it was a `geis' with the ancients (to do so) (rather: 'a thing which it was a geis with the Fíanna to do' RC xxxvii 19) Corm. Bodl. 30. 2 . Stokes's interpolation is wrong and disturbs the sense. The custom must have been deeply rooted, for in the old Egerton fragment of Finn's death, ZCP i 464 sq. , it is told how supernatural powers secure the dant-mír for the decapitated head of Finn: confuaradar iascaire na Boinde. ceathrar dóibh .i. trímaic Uircreann ┐ Aicleach... conécmaing Aicleach a cheann de ┐ corubhradar maic U.— rucsat a chenn leo i ḟásteach ┐ roḟuinsit a niasc ┐ rorannsat i nde. a cheann hi cind tenedh. tabraid dantmír dó or fer dubh docluichi ó na mair Aicleach. rorannadh in tiasc i nde .i. fo thrí ┐ badar trí cuibhrind ann béos. cidh so or fer díbh. is ann isbert an cend a cind tened:

ised fodera an tresraind libhsi cen síl napeli

arnatabhar damsa oc proind uaibsi mo ṁír ma...ele.

The Brehon Laws punished the removal of the `dant-mír' with `athgabáil treise': athgabáil treise i folomrad do mairb (d s. fem.)...im archor auptha mimir do chor do choin dantmir do breith ó fir besa ái carrying away the `dantmír' from the person to whom it belongs Laws i 176. 4 ; to which the commentary adds the following note: .i. curadmír .i. do breith ón fir isa hae hé .i. diablad in cura[d]mír no eneclann .i. amail roberta ó Choinculainn. eneclann and ar treisi, ib. 180. 3 f.b. This seems only an attempt of the commentator to find some sense in a word that naturally enough was obscure to him, as the pagan custom it refers to was bound to have disappeared with Christianity.

dartaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dartaid or dil.ie/14701
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dartaid, dartuid, dartoid, dairtaid, dartait, dartaith, dartad, dartaig, dartada, dartuid, dartada, dartado, dartada, dairtida

n i. n s. dartaid, Laws iv 28. 19 ; 312. 12 , 15 , 23 ; BDD § 159 ; Corm. s.v. clithar sét ; BB 311 a 13 ; ZCP iii 204. 10 (LU); Dinds. § 66 . dartuid, Laws ii 152. 2 . dartoid, O'Mulc. 753 . dairtaid, Laws iv 312. 17 . dartait (i.e. dartaith), Corm. l.c. YBL. dartad, BB 311 a 13 . dartaig, Macd. g s. dartada; Laws i 184. 5 f.b. ii 258. 14 . LU 79 a 39 . Dinds. § 61 . IT ii2 185 . Rawl. 92 a 15 . 127 a 12 . Gorm. Feb. 12 . n du. dá dartuid , Laws ii 74. 18 . n p. dartada, ib. i 190. 3 , 7 . dartado (: bo), orig. the a p., Liad. and Cuir. 18. 6 .—a p. dartada, LL 339 a 10 . dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b.

A heifer or a bull calf growing into , tarb and dam. See EIF 60-61 , ZCP xlii 93, 100 . Dinds. § 66 a dartaid is called a tarb: doriacht bó Nero cona tarb ina díaidh coro géis oc Ráith Cruachan coro mothaig in Findbennach coro gleac dóib ┐ ba fortail in dartaid (referring to tarb as the corresponding passage RC x 226 proves ). It is reckoned as a dam (m. and f.) LU 79 a 39 : do chotutlethar chruaid choirtchide do formna .vii. ndamseched ndartada (= TBC-LL¹ 2561 , 2568 , cf. CCath. 5228 ); BB 311 a 13 : damogam .i. tarb...dam...colpthach...dartaid ar aicme ailme .i. dartad (sic) ii d.¤ , &c.; O'Mulc. 753 : is cend daim for dartoid (dam is said of the full-grown animal). A `dartaid' is reckoned among the `minchethrae' and `sesc-slabrae,' the small and still unproductive cattle: samaisci ┐ colpacha...nó dairti ┐ dartada .i. minchethra, Laws i 190. 7 . im siscslabra an indle .i. na dairt ┐ na dartada....i. na hindlithe re torba, ib. i 190. 3 . Corm. (s.v. clithar sét) speaks of a dartaid firenn a male dartaid (Corm. YBL) and dartaid bainenn a she-dartaid (but probably the latter is merely a scribal error for dairt baininn, EIF 60 n. 244 ); the application to the female is very old as the npr. f. Dartaid shows.

Frequent in the Laws, indicating the `sét' of the lowest value, the `sét gabla.' Its value was one-twelfth of a cow, i.e. two screpalls (not three as Atkinson says), or three `miach' ( ii 258. 14 ); the dairt (= three screpalls) ranks higher: dígu sét somaíne .i. in sét is díthogaidi somaíne ann .i. dartaid dá screpall, Laws iv 28. 19 . dartada (g s.) .i. agh trí miach, ib. ii 258. 14 . sét gabla didiu isé is lugam .i. dartaid (dartait YBL) ḟirend ┐ colpach boineand nó colpach ḟirend ┐ dairt (dartaid YBL) boinend, Corm. s.v. clithar sét . According to their value the gradation is as follows: dartaid, dairt, colpach, samaisc, bó, Laws iv 312 . 12 - 15 . dartuid ┐ dairt ┐ colpuch, ib. ii 152. 2 . cóic seoit i ndul tria tech tria lias di brisiud a comla. dartaid i fleisc tís. dairt i fleisc thuas. samaisc...colpdach...dairt i naursain airthir tighe dairtaid i naursain iarthair tige, ib. iv 312. 15 sq. dairt i crand nairide thiar dartaid i crann nairide do thein, ib. 312. 23 . Corm. l.c. dartaid , dairt, and colpach are joined into one grade (the `cétna sét'); then come: samaisc in sét tánaise. laulgach nó dam timchill arathair in tress sét ┐ isé sin in ríisét.

Further instances: nocho tabraid side acht na ceathra foilli inásas acu na dairti ┐ na dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b. cu ngealut dá dartuid fri rodam ┐ cu ngelut dá dartuid sech rodam that two `dartaids' graze as much as a great ox ib. ii 74. 18 . dartada, ib. i 184. 5 f.b. icdai dartaid hi cind gait inna forreith do Diarmait, ZCP iii 204. 10 , cf. SG 396 . 30 . dartado (n p.), Liad. and Cuir. 18. 6 . dartaid inide a heifer three years old at Shrovetide Macd. 312 b . Manners and Customs iii 568 b .

PROV. is cend daim for dartoid mórpersan for becphobul, O'Mulc. 753 . METAPH. Ingcél ┐ a dā bráthair .i. Echell ┐ Tulchinne .i. dartaid na díberca the Yearling of the Reavers (Stokes) BDD § 159 . Synon. tarbíne, Echtra Nera RC x 226 , cf. Dinds. § 66 .

Dairt and dartaid both originate from the root of dairid, dáir, but their relation to each other is not clear; dartaid looks like a nom. ag., dairt like a vn. Both words became early obsolete, probably in early Mid.-Ir. The form dairtid ( dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b. ) shows the influence of dairt. Dartada in the passage: nocon ḟarrgaib acht teora dartada in Hérind .i. dairt i Cliu dairt i lLiniu dairt i Cuailṅgiu, LL 389 a 10 , is either due to confusion of dairt and dartaid, or it is an early instance of the Mid.-Ir. pl. in -adha.—Cf. dáir, dairid, 1 dairt, dartán.

didiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. didiu or dil.ie/16223

 

Forms: diṡuidiu, didiu, didu, didhu, dídu, diu, dī, din, dino, diu, dino, dano, d(h)e, Didiu, dī, dō

particle of transition = diṡuidiu (which is used for it FB § 6 ), see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 189 . Written in full, didiu: Wb. 1a9 ; 4a27 , c23 , d27 ; 8a4 ; 11b17a ; 15d20 ; 32c13 . didu: Wb. 8a5 . Hib. Min. 356 , 418 . LL 202a18 (: ¤ligu). BB 397a33 . IT iii 67.3 . didhu, BB 16b20 ; 355b30 = Metr. Dinds. ii 32 (: firu). dídu, SR 1224 . LL 102b38 (= TBC-LL¹ 6019 ). diu: TBC-I¹ 3564 . Hib. Min. 134 , 227 , etc. (reading of Harl.). Death-tales of the Ulster heroes, 12 . Corm. Y 1154 . RC xii 74.3 , 8 . Anecd. iv p. xii . BS § 3 . In Ml. and later MSS. however nearly always contracted dī and by earlier editors generally expanded as din (so always in PH) or dino (through confusion with dano), or somet. diu (SG); dni, AFM v 1552 . Expanded as dino in TBC-I¹ 422 , 428 , 434 , 462 , 469 , 472 , etc., where LU reads dano. Later also apparently d(h)e, see Ériu x 155 .

Didiu never begins a sentence. It always has reference to something preceding. Exceptions are only apparent, e.g. Corm. Y 1053 (where puincern has been introduced in the preceding article) and 568 (cf. 519 ). It generally follows a more or less emphatic word, often a noun or pron., but occasionally comes after ocus or nó at beginning of clause (esp. in PH); no dī may however = nō dō (= dano, q.v.).

(a) In logical sequence therefore, hence = Lat. ergo: nitat torbi . . . is diliu lemm didiu aní as torbæ, Wb. 11b17a , 4c24 . d27 , 8a4 , 15d20 . is mōir sléb[e] fírinne Dæ: cid ara fodmaisiu, a Dúaid, didiu a ndu imnedaib fodaimi? `why then dost thou suffer . . .?', Ml. 55d11 . biror .i. bir tibra . . . or .i. mong; biror didiu mong tiprat, Corm. Y 121 . Corbmac .i. corb .i. carpat. Cormbmac didiu mac carpait, 204 , cf. 519 , 851 , 875 , etc. do suidhiu ind erred isin charput as nomen a fochlæ . . . Fochla didiu cach suidiu n-a[i]rechda hence `fochla' means any exalted seat, 698 . cech fia[d?] . . . acht oenchrann ata dídu for riaguil every food therefore but one tree is under (our) control, SR 1224 . ba miscais lasin righain inti N., ar is dara ceand dorinde in rí fri Cairind he. Ba mor didu dochraidi Chairinde oc in rigain therefore C. was very harshly treated by the queen, RC xxiv 190 . omnia ergo quaecunque vultis, cech maith din is ail lib, PH 5772 . Hence freq. in drawing a conclusion or moral: conid aire sin didiu napo chóir do neoch uabur . . . do denam, LL 279a33 . connach cóir d.¤ lenmain do sholud nó shénairecht, 281b29 . conid ferr do neoch d.¤ a edprait don Chomdid andás dona dóinib, 286b40 (all concluding sentences of tales).

(b) Referring to someth. preceding, introducing an explanation or additional detail (freq. after a noun): rún inna cruche . . . Crúx didu ainm do gním in chrochtho, Wb. 8a5 . mali bare gare . . . Maile didiu .i. olc, Corm. Y 698 (p. 59) , cf. 604 , 860 . bói máthair mac Conaire la Neimed . . . In Nemed hé sin didiu bá ríg-briuga side now this N. was a hosteller, LL 292b1 ( Ériu vi 147 ). tanic aroli fer . . . Marcellus din ainm in fhir sin, PH 950 , cf. 2177 , 3114 , 3342 . is dó ranic inar Ísu . . . corccra d.¤ dath an inair sin, 2861 . Often nearly = for , Lat. enim: cruimther .i. goidelg indi as prespiter. Premther d.¤ a combrec sidie, Corm. Y 211 . Cathal nomen Britonis .i. combrec inn sin .i. catell. Cat d.¤ isin chombreic is cath in scotica Cathal is the Welsh name Catell; for cat in Welsh corresponds to cath in Irish, 206 , cf. 124 .

(c) As a particle of transition in looser signification: bói rí amra . . . Dagan a ainm. Ba mór d.¤ a chumachta, LL 245b43 . is amlaid doraiga intí Ísu Crist . . . Bid mór d.¤ a slóg . . . Is ar bēlaib int ṡluaig-sin d.¤ do aspenfa cách a gnímu, 280b26 - 27 . Common in sequences (often alternating with tra and other particles) = also, moreover, further: is andsin tancadar ina ferchuidreda . . . Is ann d.¤ sin thānic ind nōi carpait di ḟéindidib, TBC-I¹ 3536 . mōr do chētaib . . . mōr do churadaib . . . mōr do buidnib d.¤ robātar oca, 3408 . almsu dia anmain cetus . . . almsu din dia churp, PH 5977 . Ram a ainm ria tusmed chlainde do Abram imorra a ainm iar tusmed . . . Abraham din a ainm in tan dochuaid fo recht n-imdibe, 5684 , cf. 2267 follg., 6233-49 . rucsat bentachtain les on aide ┐ rofacsat bennachtain aice didiu, RC xxxv 204.20 . After ocus: ni bia fortamlus a namut fair . . . ┐ din nisbia tedmunna i n-a ḟlathius, PH 4284 . diar fhulang ┐ diar lessugud fodéin . . . ┐ din do shásad bocht, 6121 . ocus din fáth aile, 5473 ; 5187 . After nó: dia mbé do náma i ngorta . . . nó din dia mbé a n-ittaid, 6043 . doforne sin .i. na tri hetargna . . . no din na trí dána, 7082 . demin leo co mbad comthoitim dóib nó d.¤ inní robíad de co mbad hé a tigerna fén dofáethsad ann, TBC-I¹ 2433 . cia conualaind-se mo charpat ┐ Oen ara Conaill d.¤ ina charput and O. in his chariot as well, 3525 . docer la M. dā fer dēac dīibsom ┐ dā fer dēac dia muinter-som d.¤ , 2904 . adcomaing cach fer dīb biur n-indam-sa, adcomchusa a mbiur-sa tria cechtar de -seom d.¤ , 2826 . nicon bia a mbethaid, or seiside. Nicon bia-so d.¤ it bethaid, ol C. then you will not live either, 2771 . ni maith dait, or C., na leigi da marbad . . . Ni maith doibsom d.¤ epert ind uilc frimsa, 2780 . nir lam [Cairend] in mac do gabail cuici . . . ┐ nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a breth leis, RC xxiv 190 . In adversative sense, however: dolēicsed dūnad iarsin do M. ┐ ní gegain-side d.¤ nech dībsom, TBC-I¹ 2906 . dorad seirc dia leasmac .i. do Chorc; ro op d.¤ Corc a coimlebaid, Lec. 454c15 . Muineamon mac Cais . . . Is de sin aderar Muineamon .i. main for muinclaib. Maine Mór d.¤ robe a cétainm, Cóir Anm. 10 . Confirming a foregoing statement: dóig lim rombad hē Cethern mac Fintain; ┐ ba fīr sōn d.¤ and this was indeed the case, TBC-LL¹ 2761 . doringelt Cūrūi dōsom nād bīad . . . Dognith d.¤ and he kept his word too, 2967 . bid les . . . in forlāmus ┐ rīgi nĒrenn ōn uair-se amach. Ba fīr ón didu it turned out true too, RC xxiv 202 . an fil ceithern acut? Atát diu I have (indeed), SG 62 . tabraid cáirde na haidche anocht damsa! Dobéram diu, 56 . Common in statement, question, or command to connect with something already expressed or implied: Mait[h] didiu, a Bélchú well now, B., Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . airg d.¤, ol M., conris Síth Lethet go then, Imr. Brain i 53 . cid dia tutchad diu? why then hast thou come? RC xii 74 . cest diu, caidhe mo airrle-si l(u)at? ib.

(d) Often used to denote temporal sequence, then, thereupon: is iarum foruirmed mind nAileillo forsin coirthi. Fōbair-som d.¤ in coirthi, TBC-I¹ 2883 . is iarum conmelt foroib . . . Focheird d.¤ a sciath ina diaid . . . Roiadh in slōg imbi-som iarum, conmelt som d.¤ foraib, 2889 , 2891 . gabaid L. ríge nhErenn . . . Gabaid ríge nAlban iarsin . . . Gabaid d.¤ L. ríge Gall, LL 311b1 ff. rofoildsic Dia dosam sin . . . condubairt sa rann-so d.¤ , RC xxxiii 354 . etha ó hAilill co Ferchess . . . Fóidis d.¤ Ferchis, Fianaig. 38 . fri re Aeda genfius Tibraiti . . . Et cid bīas and d.¤ (iarsin, v.l.)? ol B. and what will follow? ZCP ix 457 .

do-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-beir or dil.ie/17216
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: do-ucc, do-bert, do-rat, tuicsiu, tabair, taber, tabar, taibred, tabrad, taibrem, tabram, taibrid, taibrith, tabraid, taibret, tabrat, dobiur, dodasbiur, doberim, thabur, nis-tabor, dubir, dobir, dobere, tabair, dobeir, dober, tabir, tabair, doberam, taibrem, thabrum, d-a-berid-si, doberat, doberait, fuantaibret, thabrat, doberad, dobertis, do-m-beirtis, tabratis, doberae, taibre, toibre, thobri, dumbera, taibrea, thobrea, tibri, doberum, donberaid-si, doberthi-si, tabraid, du-m-berat, dusmerat, thabrat, dubertha, doberthusa, doberad, taibred, taibreth, doberthe, dobéer, dobér-sa, tiber, thibér, tiubér, thiubar, doberae, tibéræ, dos-mbéra, thibre, tibrea, tiubrae, dobérat, thibreat, dobēraind-sea, tiobhrainn-si, tibartha-sa, tiubharta, domberad, nandatiberad, tibred, nachis-tibred, dobérmais, tibrimmis, tiubhrumais, tiurmais, do-sm-bérthe, tibertais, nis-tibritis, tiuradais, do-m-biurt, dondmbiurtsa, dobert-sa, dobirt, dobertais, dobert, dubbert, tobert, contubert, contubart, dosbertar, do-s-bertatar, tubertatar, tubartadar, dobertsat, dobreth-, dobreth, dobretha, dobrethsat, tabarr, taborthar, tabraiter, doberr, dober, do-berar, duberar, doberair, tabarr, tobarr, tabar, dobertar, tobertar, tabartar, doberthe, dobertha, tibirthi, dubertis, dobertis, doberthar, do-m-bertar, dopartar, tabarthae, tabarthe, dubertis, dobertais, dobérthar, dubérthar, tibérthar, bērtar, tibertha, tibertais, dobreth, tobreth, tubrad, tabrad, tobrad, dobretha, tabart(h)ae, tabarthi, tarti, tartat, tardatis, tart-sa, dord-sa, tartar, conas-tarddur, tarttai, durata, dorata, tarta, condarta, tharda, fris-tarddam, dorattid-si, tartaid-si, tharddaid-si, doratat, conda-tardat, condartin, condardad, tarddad, thardad, tartaitis, doratus, doratas, tharddusa, tartus, doratis, doratais, duratais, duratis, donrátais, dartais, tharddais, dorat, doratastur, tarat, tarat, condadarat, tard, doratsam, doratsamar, tartamar, daratsid-si, doratsaid, thardsaid, doratsat, doratsatar, tartsat, tardsat, conda-tarsat, tartsatar, ní tartisset, doratar, dorattar, tartar, condartar, dorataiter, ndartaiter, tarta, tartha, doratad, doradad, doratath, tartad, dardad, tardad, dorata, doratta, tarta, tuic, tuic, do-n-uc, tuc, tucaid, tuicet, dofuci, do-t-tucai, duduccai, tucait, dofuctais, conos-tuc, conda-tuc-si, conda-tucc, tucar, tuicce, tuigi, tucair, tuca, tuccas, conos-tucam, thucaind, nacha-tucad, conna-tuctais, do-n-uccus-sa, tuicais, dofucais, rothucais, tucais, do-n-uic, du-n-uic, d-a-uic, duuic, duic, tu-n-uic, tuicc, tuic, tuic, da-uc, duuc, tuc, doḟuc, domfuc-sa, doruc, rodatuc, tucastair, tugasdair, dofucsam-ni, da-b-ucsum, tucsam, tucsam, tugamar, tucsaid, tucsabair, du-nn-ucsat, dofucsat, tucsat, tucsatar, tucthar, con-ducthar, thuicter, duccatar, tuctha, ducad, tuccad, tucad, tuiced, fofuctha, tucait, do-ucci, tucu, dofuca(a)im, tuicim, do-sn-ucci, dusn-ucai, dorucai, tuicci, thuccai, tucci, tucai, tuice, do-uicim-ne, tuigmít, dofucaid, do-nd-ucet, thuccat, thucat, thuicit, tuigit, tucad, tuctais, tuicce, condid-tucce, tucca, do-nd-uccam, tucid, -tuccid, conducaid, nis-tuccin, dos-fucad, rothucad, condid-tucmis-ni, tuicfe, tucfa, dofucfa, tucfa, da-ucbaid-si, tucfait, nodafucfad, dofucébad, tucus-su, rothuic, thuiccestair, tucsid-si, do-tuicetar, tucsat, tuicset, duucthar, dohucthar, tuucthar, tucthar, tucatar, tuctar, du-n-ucthar, conducthe, tuccfither, dofuicfind, tuicti

v (* to-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 469 ), gives, places; brings, gets . The perfective forms are supplied, in the meaning gives, places , by *to-rat-, in the meaning brings, gets by *to-ucc-; in later lang. the perf. do-ucc (tuc) gradually takes the place of do-bert and do-rat and is sometimes used to gloss the two latter, cf. tard .i. tug, O'Cl. Forms of *to-rat- are, however, permissible in bardic verse, see IGT Verbs § 14 . The perfective *to-ucc- (lit. can bring ) also forms a complete paradigm without distinction of perfective and non-perfective forms, with the meaning understands (later tuicid) the vn. being 2 tabairt later replaced by tuicsiu.

Ipv. 2 s. tabair, Ml. 27c12 , 87d12 . taber, Thes. ii 250.16 . tabar, TBC-I¹ 1482(LU) . 3 s. taibred, Wb. 22b7 , 12 . tabrad, PH 6017 . 1 pl. taibrem, Wb. 13d15 . tabram, PH 3757 . 2 pl. taibrid, Wb. 16c17 . taibrith, 6a20 . tabraid , Corm. Y 323 , PH. 3 pl. taibret, TBC-I¹ 2980 . tabrat, PH 6137 , etc.

Indic. pres. 1 s. dobiur, Wb. 14a20 . dodasbiur, Anecd. ii 16 . doberim, PH 2764 , etc. ní thabur , Sg. 179a4 . nis-tabor, 204b5 . 2 s. dubir, Ml. 105d4 , 110d13 . dobir, Thes. ii 249.1 , 2 , 3 . dobere, -i, PH 1777 , etc. ní tabair , Ml. 63c13 . na tabrai, SR 848 . 3 s. dobeir, Wb. 21a13 . dober, 14b15 . TBC-I¹ 62 , 71 (LU), etc. ni tabir , Wb. 14b15 . ní tabair , Sg. 214a5 . 1 pl. doberam, Wb. 13b15 . ní taibrem , 15c9 . ní thabrum , PH 2070 . 2 pl. d-a-berid-si, Wb. 24c16 . 3 pl. doberat, Wb. 15b2 . PH 1135 . doberait, PH 2652 , etc. Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.10 , etc. fuantaibret, Ml. 45a3 . ni thabrat , PH 1952 . Impf. 3 s. doberad, TBC-I¹ 279 . 3 pl. dobertis, Ml. 54c30 . do-m-beirtis, 90d17 . co tabratis , PH 6290 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. doberae, Ml. 106c1 , cf. 94d4 . ni taibre , Wb. 29a22 . ni toibre , a20 . mani thobri , ZCP viii 313.4 . 3 s. dumbera, Ml. 40c21 . ceni taibrea , Ml. 93a9 . mani thobrea , Wb. 4c20 . nā tibri , SR 1659 . 1 pl. doberum, PH 5819 . 2 pl. donberaid-si, Wb. 16c9 , cf. 8d21 . doberthi-si, PH 5785 . ní tabraid , Wb. 6c1 . 3 pl. du-m-berat, Ml. 40c21 . dusmerat, Mon. Tall. 144.14 . ni thabrat , Corm. Y 1059 . Impf. 2 s. dubertha, Ml. 130d15 . ma doberthusa , Anecd. iii 30 . 3 s. doberad, Wb. 32a12 . mani taibred , Ml. 35c26 . arná taibreth , LU 11025 . 2 pl. cia doberthe , Wb. 15d8 .

Fut. 1 s. dobéer, Wb. 12c35 . dobér-sa, TBC-I¹ 185 . SR 2885 . da tiber , TBC-I¹ 2301 . ní thibér , SR 842 . nach tiubér , Imr. Brain i 67.12 . ní thiubar , Ériu i 93 . 2 s. doberae, Ml. 44a20 . in tibéræ ? 77a16 . 3 s. dos-mbéra, Wb. 13b30 . ni thibre , PH 7950 . Corm. Y 698 . ni tibrea , TBC-LL¹ 3502 . nach tiubrae , BNnÉ 309.27 . 3 pl. dobérat, Wb. 6b27 . TBC-I¹ 1133 . mani thibreat , TBC-I¹ 2980 . Condit. 1 s. dobēraind-sea, TBC-I¹ 824 . nach tiobhrainn-si , MR 284 . 2 s. co tibartha-sa , Imr. Brain i 63.15 . co tiubharta , 68.16 . 3 s. domberad, Ml. 108a5 . nandatiberad, 97d10 . na tibred , LU 3171 . nachis-tibred, Thes. ii 341.37 . 1 pl. dobérmais, Imr. Brain i 69.20 . PH 7233 . na tibrimmis , CRR 33 . ni tiubhrumais , Ériu iii 158 . nach tiurmais , Acall. 5675 . 2 pl. do-sm-bérthe, Wb. 19d24 . 3 pl. día tibertais , LU 3448 . nis-tibritis, RC iii 175.11 . co tiuradais , ZCP vi 276 .

Pret. 1 s. do-m-biurt, ZCP iv 43.4 . dondmbiurtsa, TBC-I¹ 3556 . dobert-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1893 . CCath. 1702 . 2 s. dobirt, Ml. 56a13 . dobertais, TBC-LL¹ 1105 , 1621 . 3 s. dobert, Ml. 23b10 ; 58c4 . TBC-I¹ 326 , etc. dubbert, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 241 ). tobert, TBC-I¹ 655 . Fianaig. 24.4 . contubert, Hib. Min. 77.19 . contubart, Thes. ii 242 . 3 pl. dosbertar, Tur. 128 . do-s-bertatar, TBC-I¹ 912 (LU), 1788 . tubertatar, IT i 137.11 (LU). cu tubartadar , TBC-I¹ 3069 . dobertsat, Alex. 5 . CCath. 3255 . AFM 1172 , etc. In Mid. Ir. the passive dobreth- (see below) is somet. used to supply act., 3 s. dobreth, TBC-LL¹ 674 , 1930 , 1958 . dobretha, CRR 8 , 53 . FB § 38 . LU 10168 . TBC-I¹ 2210 , 2212 . TBC-LL¹ 101 , 468 , 655 . 3 pl. dobrethsat, TBC-LL¹ 1315 .

Pass. ipv. s. tabarr, Ml. 104b2 . na taborthar , ZCP vii 311 § 14 . pl. tabraiter, TBC-I¹ 1471 (LU). Indic. pres. s. doberr, Wb. 3c1 ; 28c4 . dober, Ml. 56b11 . do-berar, 60b19 . TBC-I¹ 1160 . duberar, Ml. 105d6 . doberair, PH 2161 . dia tabarr , Wb. 17a3 . Corm. Y 32 . ara tobarr , Wb. 12d29 . forsa tabar , Ml. 54a2 . pl. dobertar, Wb. 10d20 . tobertar, Ml. 25b6 . ni tabartar , 101d6 . Impf. s. doberthe, Ml. 115a14 . Wb. 10d16 . dobertha, Corm. Y 391 . intan na tibirthi , CCath. 1496 . pl. dubertis, Ml. 89a2 . dobertis, Tur. 110c . Corm. Y 48 . Subj. pres. s. doberthar, Wb. 13a3 . TBC-I¹ 1579 . pl. do-m-bertar, Ml. 45b5 . cia dopartar , Todd Nenn. 216.13 . Subj. impf. s. ceni tabarthae , Ml. 40d20 . trissa tabarthe , 36a1 . pl. dubertis, 84c9 . dobertais, 90a14 . Fut. s. dobérthar, Wb. 16a13 . dubérthar, Ml. 72d18 . ni tibérthar , Wb. 18b11 . pl. intan dum bērtar , Ml. 69b1 . Condit. s. dia tibertha , FB § 90 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 159 . pl. ni tibertais , Ml. 15c7 . Pret. s. dobreth, IT i 131.8 (LU); 138.15 (LU). Hy. v 85 . tobreth, IT i 130.23 (LU). hi tubrad , Hy. i 3 . co tabrad , TBC-I¹ 1637 . ni tobrad , 1536 . pl. dobretha, TBC-I¹ 3072 . TBC-LL¹ 2587 . ZCP viii 312.21 . Part. tabart(h)ae. Verbal of necess. tabarthi. Vn. 1 tabairt.

Perfective forms.

A From *to-rat-. Indic. pres. 3 s. manid tarti can give, Ml. 51b7 (see GOI p. 345 ). 3 pl. ni tartat , Thes. ii 2.32 . Impf. 3 pl. nad tardatis , Ml. 85d5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ara tart-sa , Wb. 14d17 . meni dord-sa , Rawl. 156b20 . co tartar , Ériu v 240.129 . conas-tarddur, TBC-LL¹ 943 . 2 s. co tarttai , BNnÉ 302 § 10 . 3 s. durata, Ml. 57a13 . dorata, ZCP vi 266 § 10 . arna tarta , Wb. 11b18 . condarta, 28b31 . ni tharda , SR 2727 . 1 pl. fris-tarddam, Thes. ii 293.19 . 2 pl. dorattid-si, Wb. 16c11 . dia tartaid-si , Ml. 83b11 . ni tharddaid-si , LL 279a31 . 3 pl. acht doratat , Mon. Tall. 141.16 . conda-tardat, Ml. 131d16 . Impf. 1 s. condartin, Sg. 209b26 . 3 s. condardad, Ml. 77a7 . co tarddad , SR 2836 . muni thardad , TBC-LL¹ 4310 . 3 pl. co tartaitis , TBC-I¹ 1461 (LU).

Perf. 1 s. doratus, Wb. 8c6 . SR 1866 . doratas, Trip.² 1056 . ni tharddusa , RC iii 185 . dia tartus , Ériu vii 219.13 ( LL 209b ). 2 s. doratis, Ml. 56a15 . doratais siu, 43d18 . duratais, 56b24 . duratis, 80b2 . donrátais, SR 1756 . in dartais , SG 415.11 . ni tharddais , TBC-LL¹ 484 . 3 s. dorat, Wb. 4b10 , etc. doratastur, ZCP vii 320 . nícon tarat , Ml. 36a1 ; co tarat , SR 2193 . condadarat, TBC-I¹ 1875 (LU). dia tard , SR 2811 . 1 pl. doratsam, Wb. 13d15 . LU 2331 . doratsamar, 2333 . tartamar, ZCP viii 213.27 . 2 pl. daratsid-si, Wb. 24b21 . doratsaid, LU 2326 . ni thardsaid , 2345 . 3 pl. doratsat, Ml. 115b8 . SR 3664 . LL 256a43 . doratsatar, SR 3508 , 3401 , etc. ni tartsat , Wb. 24b20 . LL 254c23 . na tardsat , CCath. 5119 . AFM i 16.13 . conda-tarsat, Ériu iii 141 . co tartsatar , Hy. v 53 Comm. ( Thes. ii 340 ). ní tartisset, Wb. 1b17 . Pass. subj. pres. s. doratar, Rawl. 107b17 . dorattar, Anecd. ii 32 . Lism. L. vii 28 . ara tartar , Wb. 15a19 . condartar, 20c24 . pl. dorataiter, IT iii 53.3 . co ndartaiter , Trip.² 1294 . Impf. s. ara tarta , TBC-LL¹ 1547 . mani tartha , BColm. 88.14 . Perf. doratad, Wb. 4a18 . doradad, 23c16 . doratath, Sg. 7b18 . ara tartad , Ml. 90a7 . con dardad , 98b8 . forsa tardad , 80d4 . SR 6251 . pl. dorata, Ml. 54c17 . LL 282b7 . doratta, SR 6745 . nad tarta , Ml. 40a13 .

B From *to-ucc- (in meaning brings ): Ipv. 2 s. tuic, Tec. Corm. § 18 . na tuic , Wb. 10a30 . do-n-uc, ZCP iv 42.16 ( TBFr. 283 ). tuc, TBC-I¹ 1333 , 2287 , etc. 2 pl. tucaid, LU 8197 . TBC-I¹ 323 . 3 pl. tuicet, LU 7873 ( BDD 145 ). See ZCP xxiv 123 - 4 . Indic. pres. 2 s. dofuci, LU 1558 . do-t-tucai, IT i 208.21 . duduccai, Ml. 27d23 (see, however, GOI § 678 ). 3 pl. tucait, IT i 226.30 (LU). Impf. 3 pl. dofuctais, SR 4524 . Subj. pres. 1 s. conos-tuc, SR 1665 . conda-tuc-si, TBC-I¹ 1589 . conda-tucc, 464 . tucar, Imr. Brain i 67.23 . 2 s. dia tuicce , TBC-I¹ 1580 (LU) = tuigi (YBL). da tucair , ZCP vi 272 § 7 . 3 s. dia tuca , TBC-I¹ 1589 . rel. tuccas, SR 2384 . 1 pl. conos-tucam, SR 3979 . Impf. 1 s. mani thucaind , TBC-I¹ 798 . 3 s. nacha-tucad, Ml. 125b7 . 3 pl. conna-tuctais, SR 5651 . Perf. 1 s. do-n-uccus-sa, Wb. 30a11 . 2 s. tuicais, Ml. 56a13 . dofucais, TBC-I¹ 3385 . rothucais, Ériu iv 138.18 . tucais, ZCP viii 109.24 . 3 s. amal do-n-uic , Wb. 10d37 . Ml. 16b12 . du-n-uic, d-a-uic, Ml. 118b6 . duuic, 84c24 . duic, 25d18 . tu-n-uic, 51c26 . tuicc, 98c11 . tuic, 30c5 , etc., Wb. 21d1 . ni tuic , Wb. 23a10 . Ml. 51d2 . da-uc, Ml. 38c1 . duuc, 36c1 . tuc, 40c17 . Wb. 24b25 . doḟuc, SR 7296 , cf. 4426 , 5179 , etc. domfuc-sa, Ériu iv 140.3 . ? doruc, ZCP vi 28.18 . rodatuc, TBC-I¹ 3584 . tucastair, TBC-I¹ 2495 . tugasdair, Todd Nenn. 32.14 . 1 pl. dofucsam-ni, RC iii 185 (LL). da-b-ucsum, Lism. L. 3825 . tucsam, SR 6319 . ni tucsam , Wb. 29b14 . tugamar, Ériu i 22.105 . 2 pl. tucsaid, TBC-I¹ 1320 (LU). tucsabair, 2492 (YBL). 3 pl. du-nn-ucsat, Ml. 92d1 . dofucsat, SR 5041 . tucsat, 1360 . TBC-I¹ 42 . tucsatar, Metr. Dinds. ii 100.5 , etc. Pass. indic. pres. s. ni tucthar , Wb. 27d22 . Subj. pres. s. con-ducthar, Sg. 200b13 . mani thuicter , TBC-I¹ 1239 . pl. in duccatar , Wb. 9b19 . Impf. s. co tuctha , SR 6567 . TBC-I¹ 1331 . Perf. s. ducad, Ml. 56c11 . tuccad, Wb. 24b26 ; 28a3 . tucad, Sg. 202b8 . SR 3289 , etc.; dia tuiced , Wb. 12b12 . pl. fofuctha, SR 3263 . tucait, CRR 13 , TBC-LL¹ 65 etc.

Vn. 1 tabairt.

Forms of do-ucci understands. Indic. pres. 1 s. hi tucu , Thes. ii 293.25 . dofuca(a)im, PH 1792 . tuicim, 1779 , etc. 3 s. do-sn-ucci, Wb. 22c1 . dusn-ucai, Ml. 42c12 . ? dorucai, SR 7983 . tuicci, Wb. 12c26 . air thuccai , Ml. 42c8 . ni tucci , Wb. 12d6 . ní tucai , Ml. 42c7 . tuice, PH 2369 . 1 pl. do-uicim-ne, PH 750 . tuigmít, ib. 2 pl. dofucaid, SR 7984 . 3 pl. do-nd-ucet, Wb. 8a14 . ní thuccat , 12c20 . ní thucat , 15a34 . thuicit, PH 7300 . tuigit, 7738 . Impf. 3 s. cona tucad , SR 2763 . 3 pl. tuctais, Ml. 125d13 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ara tuicce , Wb. 28d7 . condid-tucce, 30a19 . 3 s. ara tucca , 27b27 . 1 pl. do-nd-uccam, 24a22 . 2 pl. ara tucid , 32a3 . -tuccid, 21c11 . conducaid, 21a8 . Impf. 1 s. nis-tuccin, Wb. 12d25 . 3 s. dos-fucad, SR 3228 . arna rothucad , Trip. 396 . 1 pl. condid-tucmis-ni, Wb. 20d17 . Fut. 2 s. tuicfe, PH 2037 . 3 s. tucfa, Wb. 12d12 . dofucfa, RC xxv 248 . ní tucfa , Wb. 12d3 . 2 pl. da-ucbaid-si, Wb. 21c12 . 3 pl. tucfait, RC xxv 248 . Condit. 3 s. nodafucfad, RC xx 134 = dofucébad, LU 386 (ACC). Perf. 1 s. ní tucus-su , Ml. 91c1 . 3 s. rothuic, PH 4437 . nír thuiccestair , BNnÉ 323 § 33 . 2 pl. ní tucsid-si , Wb. 12a3 . 3 pl. do-tuicetar, BCC 127 . ni tucsat , Wb. 15a32 . nad tuicset , 15a29 .

Pass. indic. pres. s. duucthar, Ml. 51c24 ; 55a10 . dohucthar, Sg. 210a4 . tuucthar, 42c2 . ní tucthar , Wb. 12c46 . pl. ní tucatar , Wb. 12c43 . nad tuctar , Ml. 112d7 . Subj. pres. s. du-n-ucthar, Ml. 79d2 . Impf. s. conducthe, Ml. 51d1 . Fut. s. ni tuccfither , Wb. 8a5 . IGT Verbs § 71 .

Vn. 2 tabairt.

I

(a) gives , with DO of recipient (somet. with dat. inf. pron.); glosses Lat. dare, Ml. 25b12 , Sg. 163a3 , 209b26 . ní cuinginn is doberainn, Tec. Corm. § 7 . ni tobair ní i n-aiscid he never gives anything as a gift, Lec. 460c47 . ba ferr lin dobertha oldaas a bith tarngire I had rather it were given than constantly promised, Mór M. 262 . cen co tucaind ar áis, doberaind ar écin, TBC-LL¹ 150 , cf. 132 . duine is mō dobered d'etach ┐ d'innmus i nErind, RC xvii 407 . más for óin doratadh in fearann if the land has been let for hire, Laws iv 132 Comm. doberae maith tar æsi n-uilc, Ml. 106c1 . doronus dóibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne . . . ni tardad dúas dar a héisi, ACL iii 296 . dobēr . . . otha mo glūn co m'imlinn I will give my love, TE § 10 . dotberae eislis he will treat thee with contempt, Mon. Tall. 142 (for constr. see KZ xlviii 48 ). donbert ingantas mór méd a delba his size inspired us with great wonder, Ériu iv 138 . nicon fail ina sealba ní nā tibre dam, Corm. Y 698 . cia chondesin far súli, dosmbérthe dom, Wb. 19d24 . doradsad mōr do maith do they had shown him much kindness, TBC-I¹ 3542 . a n-ōl meda dí dobreth (.i. tucad), Hy. v 85 . dobeir pōic di gives her a kiss, RC xxiv 198 . duber-som ainm claidib donaib briathraib he gives the name of sword, Ml. 77a2 , cf. Sg. 156b6 , Wb. 20c24 . doratsat fir nÓlnécmacht in riastartha do anmm do C[h]oinc[h]ulaind gave the name . . . to C., TBC-I¹ 1455 . ni tardsad cís nā cāin dōib, Todd Nenn. 72 . gach manach nach tiubrae | a edbairt don ecclais, BNnÉ 309 . dobēra in prímfáidh nemh d'anmain gach aoin, Duan. F. i 10 . ni tardai do rūn do mnāi tell not thy secret to a woman, Anecd. v 9 . ba Patric dubert baithis du C. who baptized C., Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). doratta duit . . . do guide thy prayers are granted, Thes. ii 318 ( Hy. ii 50 Comm. ). dobert R. altugudh buidi do Dia, BS 4 . dorattar doibh an bennacht, Anecd. ii 32 . go nach dtiobhraidh aon neach ceannas dá chéile not one will yield supremacy to (i.e. come short of) another, ML 6 . do Dia doberat edil offer prayers, Corm. Y 513 . cia freacra dobērad an t-eicsine dō, 825 . dind fortacht durat Dia do, Ml. 40b8 . nach tiobhraidh foidhide do neach will not show patience, TSh. 9038 . cid ara tarat in bēist . . . onoir do Brigit, Hy. iv Pref. dobēr-sa do breath fēn duid I will give thee thy own award, Lec. 156c38 . úar na tabrai rēir d'Adam thou dost not obey, SR 848 . cid bé ainder mná dobéra toil don fhior gráid shall love, SG 47 . cia doberad eolus dam-sa co Mag R.? who would guide me, MR 276 . dorad failti do ḟileadaib welcomed, Lec. 286b5 . ní tart termann do Themraig gave not protection, Metr. Dinds. i 26 . ni tharad (tharat, LU) menmain do thuus na conaire paid no heed, TBC-I¹ 233 . nā tabhair h'aire doib heed them not, BCC 190 . cidh tuc duit-si mh'aithne-si? how dost thou know me?, BS 138 . mor . . . in dimiad tuc mac mo mathar damsa, Lec. 613b6 . deargruathar Tuathail . . . sochaidi da tuc imned, 590a10 . dobertsat a milid frit[h]bert amnus dosum, CCath. 3255 . amail . . . na tard tograim nā toruighecht do mhacaibh Israel did not give chase to, Leb. Gab.(i) 200 . ni thucsat claonadh don scēl they did not distort the affair, Fl. Earls 62 . dobert buille don c[h]ip struck, Corm. Y 690 . dobertsad frais d'[ḟ]ōidib doib hurled at them, Lec. 617a24 . tucsadar dāil bāis don rig, 603a14 . tucsat d'Assal écomnart, Metr. Dinds. iii 280 . doratsatar féin dond ríg | a ndoíri gave themselves up as slaves, SR 3405 . thug iad féin do chraosól gave themselves up to drink, Eochairsg. 3 . dobreth ingen Fhoraind dó was given to him (in marriage), Todd Nenn. 230.1 . ni rag-sa, inge mad doberthar Findabair dam, TBC-I¹ 1244 . With vn. or subord. clause as obj.: tucsamar dó . . . labrad remonn we have yielded him (the right) of speaking before us, Ériu iv 108 . tuc do cach thúaith beith cen síd, Imr. Brain ii 301 . tabair do na dóinib cu rafhógnat daitt, PH 7914 . surrenders, gives up: co tucsat in cathraig, ZCP i 398 . tucsatt an barda an baile, AFM v 1846 . In extended sense: cid dobir na cōic seōtu do eneclann in boairech? what causes?, Laws iv 308 Comm. itchonnarc-sa fén hi . . . ┐ dobēr co follus duib-si hi I will make it plain (cause it to be plain), PH 100 . tuc in péist fiacail do (i.e. bit him), SG 252 . tuccadh droch-cuit d'Ua R. don mhígníomh sin a share in this misdeed was ascribed to O'R., AFM v 1826 . d.¤ teist: combad sissi doberad teist dimsa who should bear witness of me, Wb. 18a3 , cf. 15d8 (but: dobiur teist n-airi, 14a20 , cf. 28b31 ). d.¤ cath, etc. gives battle: dobéraind-sea cath do Choncobair, LL 254a22 . tobert tress ndó, Fianaig. 24 . tucatar in gleo . . . dá chéile, SG 271 . doberar in cath i ndorus ind lis, Anecd. v 15 . buadach in tres tucsabair, SG 37 . By analogy: is na flaith tucad in Tāin, Lec. 363b29 . conad impi tucad Tain Bo Fliguis, 387a38 . Cf. further: thugadar dóibh a Fán . . . gur romhuidh ar Ghallaibh they gave battle to them (cath omitted?), Ériu i 78 . d.¤ grád, etc. DO: ni taibrem seirc donaib rétaib frecndaircib, Wb. 15c19 . mairg dobeir seirc do duni, SCC 44 ( IT i 224 ). dorat Ossin gradh mór dind ingin, RC xiii 9 . co tabraitis na lenaim fuath di used to hate her, SG ii 457 . d.¤ . . . do (dia) aire, etc. takes heed: ni thartsat dia n-airi a n-ebairt in drui, LL 254a23 . is tabartha do airi indus in cheneoil the character . . . must be observed, TBC-I¹ 327 . tren doratus do menmain, SR 1866 , cf. 1945 . ní tarat F. do mod sain paid no heed to that, SG 405 . a ben trebar dos-beir mod his prudent wife is astonished, ScM. 3 (see 1 moth and ZCP xxii 29 ). dobeir di óid aní sìn he gives heed to, LU 9826 ( PRIA xix 532 ). an tan tucsat dia n-uidh e when they noticed it, AFM vi 1898 . Saúl ná tabair d'eislis do not overlook S., SR 6110 (see éislis). do thuatha fadéin tuc dot réir ar tús, KMMisc. 260 . Cf. phrases d.¤ aire, menmain, réir do quoted above. Cf. thug sé a dhaoine don chloidhiomh put . . . to the sword, Psalms lxxviii 62 .

(b) do-beir fri = d.¤ do; orig. FRI is used to introduce object or final purpose of action, cf. ind lēire doratsam fri sechim gníme, Wb. 13d15 ; ni fris tarddam ar n-athius, SP ii 3 ( Thes. ii 293 ); in ingen . . . nochostibrea re cétluth, TBC-LL¹ 3502 . Later indicating recipient: cia risa tibre theidm? to whom wilt thou deal ruin?, RC xx 12 . bean fris tabar coibche . . . ┐ fer dobeir coibche mor fri baidsig, Laws iv 56 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 116 ). dobert-som cairdi friu-som granted them a truce, TBC-I¹ 2899 . dobretha ratha fri Laigniu, LU 9797 . a ratha dorat fri Laigin . . . co tart-som gréin ┐ esca friu, MacCarthy 396 . doberim bríathar ris, Fianaig. 82 (see below (j)). dobreth a fír fer fris he was given fair play, Ériu iii 137 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn, TTr.² 1803 . dobheirim buidheachas re Dia, Donlevy 434 . trom, trén . . . fris tibhre a fhercc, BNnÉ 35 . The follg. might equally be referred to II: doratad crích fri Mumain, Metr. Dinds. iii 202 . dobert drumain di fri cech cóiced he assigned a ridge of it to every province, Ériu iv 152 .

(c) dobeir (ní) ar gives in exchange for, pays for: amal bid lōg mór dubertha erru, Ml. 130d15 . tuc ar Ioseph . . . trichait leth n-unga n-argait, SR 3151 . is ed lóg doberar ar sáerad in domnaig, Ériu ii 196 . nitad tabartha bui duit ar dartaib thou must not give thy cows for strippers, TBC-I¹ 2856 . dorattsat a milettacht ar miodhlachas exchanged their warlike spirit for cowardice, AFM vi 2298 .

(c 2) do-beir ar makes for, attacks : tuc cóic droch-bachlacha duba | ar tairrsech mo thigi 'five bad malevolent churls made for the threshold of my house' Celtica xxv 23 § 3 .

(d) dobeir (ní) i n-, id. (with notion of compensation or retribution): dobértar dá boin 'sa mboin ┐ dá cháirigh 'sa gcáeirig two cows shall be given for one, Fianaig. 72 . is í eraic doradad ind, Corm. Y 690 . inní doberar isin ní fogeilus . . . what is given for that which (the animal) consumes, Laws i 270 Comm.

(e) do-beir uad gives, gives away ; in Mod. Ir. ó with the reflex. pron. is used when the recipient is not expressed; in older lang. somet. accompanies DO and recipient, e.g. dorat Ianothán . . . huad a heirriud do Dauid, SR 5933 ; tabraid uaib airmitiu glan | dom chomdeilb-si, 1823 , 2881 . dorad Ioseph aichni uad orrtha, YBL 64a45 . dobered huadi-si imchomrac na mac bethad, Mon. Tall. 150 . tabhair cúntas do ghabháltais féin uait, TSh. 229 . dobheirit imat almsan uaidibh, Fl. Earls 100 . an tan mhallaighthear sinn, do bheirmaoid ar mbeannachd uáinn, 1 Corinth. iv 12 .

(f) d.¤ immach gives out, gives away, dispenses: int aenmacc ríg . . . is mō fuair ┐ tuc amach, ZCP viii 111 . nech thinóilfios ó fheraib Eirenn immuig 'na tibra-sum immach, SG 400 . cion do chur i nDruim Lethan | do rioghaibh . . . ni thiubar amach go brath I will never concede, BNnÉ 288 . in éiricc dobéra duine amach, Laws i 76 Comm. dā nōi [mbliadna] dorat smacht amach exercised sway, Lec. 44b40 . dlegur an diet do tabhairt amach nisa mó (= alimenta copiosiora sunt exhibenda), 24 P 3, 73.8 .

(g) Of an author cites, adduces: ní tabair desimrechta hic , Sg. 214a5 . tobertar desmrechta . . . dia rēlad, Ml. 25b6 . is do thucad exemplum for this an example has been cited, Sg. 77b5 . in testimni donucsom riam, Tur. 39 ( Thes. i 486 ). ni tucsam dind lín-sin | acht ríga na sluag-sin we have mentioned only the kings, Fél. Ep. 31 . húare nad tucus acht aní rupu thascide I have set down [in my book] only what was necessary, Thes. ii 225 . dobir in brethem cosmailius don chaingin ima fuiglither cites a parallel case, Corm. Y 611 . it mathi na dūla dorata and the elements which have been mentioned, LL 282b7 . ? dobheirid sgrioptúir . . . dá áitiughadh they quote Scripture to prove it, Eochairsg. 107 .

(h) yields, produces:? caera dona caeraib dobert trefuilngid fora craeb, RC xv 419.19 . nicopé lán-torath dobéra, ZCP xi 94 . ionnus go dtiubhradh sibh toradh, John xv 16 .

(i) utters, pronounces (oft. folld. by ar (ós) aird): dobert a srém caurad asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1781 . tug A. a ossnam ass, TE 7 (Eg.). dobeir a mairg eisti she laments, SG 254 . dorad a guth n-ard bur aird, ZCP viii 553 . na gáre dosbertatár ar aird, TBC-I¹ 1783 . tugsat gáire . . . ós aird, Fianaig. 88 . doberat nāi ngrecha . . . os ard, RC xiii 6 . go ttug G. osnach éccomhluinn ós áird, ML 138 . dusrat gach aon scret ┐ eigem . . . os aird, Fl. Earls 140 . ag tabhairt a dhocra fein os aird, BS 90 . In absol. constr. (obj. being the statement follg.): imtusa na nGrec doberar os aird it is reported, TTebe 1714 . iomthusa Eoghain, dobhearar ós áird, ML 116 . dāla mac Milead immorro, dobearar os aird . . . dobrisidur cath, etc., Lec. 568a17 . a thabhairt ar aird cia dorinne, IGT Introd. § 1 . cach ní . . . na tuc ar aird which he had not made known, Laws i 208 Comm. Cf. na leabhair sin . . . tuigidh ar aird ma táid libh produce them if you have them (?), Content. xviii 31 .

(j) d.¤ bréthir (luge, etc.) promises, (swears): is andsin dorad Fergus in lugu-sa, TBC-I¹ 3546 . doberim mo breithir . . . conad taesca, etc., RC xxiv 198 . is mór in briathar-sa dobheir an laech that is a mighty vow the warrior makes, CF 139 . dorat a minna took his oath, Fl. Earls 132 . dorat Dauid a theist . . . nā roaentaigset fria mnai swore, YBL 297a33 (cf. CCath. 6154 : dobertis testa an talman do lucht a ḟiadnaisiu they would call the earth to witness). With transference of obj. to thing sworn by: nā salaig ainm do Dia .i. nā tabair d'éthech he do not swear falsely by him, PH 7626 . ná tabhair ainm Dé gan fath, Ó Héodhusa 125 . tabhair an Céolán nár ghoid tu an chulaigh swear by the `Ceolan' (name of a bell), Ériu v 98 . dobhér dhó . . . grian ┐ easga, ML 104 (cf. exx. quoted under (b) above). acht cheana tuigim-se na dei nar-ua cedughud dom vadein I swear by the gods, TTebe 2031 . ná tabhraidh neamh . . . ná tabhraidh an talamh swear not by heaven . . . by earth, Matthew v 34 , 35 ; xxiii 6 . With transference of obj. to statement sworn: tucc E. dá bhréithir . . . nach béardaois, etc. E. pledged his word, ML 134 . doberim dom bréthir ris, Fianaig. 78 . dobermáit dár [mb]reithir, SG 241 . dobeirim fám' breither . . . go ndigeolainn, MR 278 . tugas féin fóm' bréithir nach diongnainn . . ., ML 114 .

(k) d.¤ bréic, etc. imm deceives: na taibred cách úaib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . bréc dorat in ben imond the woman has deceived us, IT i 132 . ní tartat sensus breíc im anmin the senses cannot deceive, Acr. 5d5 ( Thes. ii 2 ). na comarthadha na tardsat breicc immum riam, CCath. 5119 . co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC-I¹ 1461 . dobera muin n-immi he will be taken in, IT i 144 . See also s.v. 3 muin and muinbech. Different constr. in TBC-I¹ 1595 ( LU 6067 ): dober (leg. doberr) brēc imon n-ingin who is beguiled about the girl (?).

(l) d.¤ agaid (cúl, druim, etc.) turns: nach fuil nech dobera a agid formsa who will face me, CRR 44 . dorat a agaid fri muindtir neime, BColm. 70 . ná tabair cúl dot chétmhóid turn not your back on your first vow, O'Gr. Cat. 402 . nach tug cúl re béim a bíodhbhadh, Ó Bruad. ii 264 . tuc a druim re grian do ┐ a bél a n-airde, CF 358 . nā tabrad a druim fria Ríg, BColm. 100 . na tabair lāim frim do not resist me, SR 3182 . doberat a lām fri hEtail they skirt the coast of Italy, Aen. 137 . dorad a láimh ndeis re dúnadh righ he left the fortress . . . on his right, BS 100 . contardad tóeb fri muir keeping along the sea, Fianaig. 36 . óc in mac . . . dober bond ri Banba ṁbind `who sets foot on Banba's soil', Ériu vii 224 . ní thard troig teichidh ré n-uathad ná ré sochaide he never fled, SG ii 487 . dobeir tóib fri (do) trusts: fri corpthadid doberat Iudai tóib, Wb. 15b2 . ná tabair toeb fri Saul, SR 5956 . is trén an tigerna | rise-tabram taobh, ZCP viii 203 . See taeb. dobeir láim ar (fo) takes in hand, sets about: thug C. lámh ar imtheacht, ITS i 140 . nistibrea liaig laim fom leiges-sa, PH 423 . mór in feidm fa tucais laim, MR 202 . olc in gnímh fa tucus laimh, ZCP x 415 . Note also: tucsat lámh co foiréignech inn they laid hands on him, SG 30 .

(m) With expressions of time spends: taréis a n-aimsire do thabairt dona hAlbanachuibh after the Albanachs had completed their term of service, ALC ii 406 . tucatar in chétsel don oidche re hól . . . tucatar in tres shel re suan, SG 268 . . . . iarla ná tug bliadhain dá shaogal acht ag snoidhe a chnám, etc., O'Gr. Cat. 565 . gearr an seal thugsad fa chion, Content. v 106 . In later lang. folld. by ass: tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach, Fianaig. 52 . dá fheabhas dobhéara duine a bheatha as, TSh. 33 .

(n) With various other nouns: i maigin hi tabair th'úal (= ubi mingis), Thes. ii 248 . dobeir [an gerrán] a mún ann, SG ii 484 . dobérat huili a coibsena will make confession, Wb. 6b27 . co tarat cach díb a chobais dia cēle, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). is ris doberead a comairli with him he used to take counsel, Ériu v 236 . dobēram comairli fair-sin we will take counsel on that matter, RC viii 152 . acht int hé na tibri cert who does not deal fairly, SR 1659 . senad sruithi . . . dofuctais recht is canóin who used to deliver (promulgate), 4524 . fer dobered mór ndeg-breth, Metr. Dinds. iii 36 . na hécóire dobertha i taoib araile díob the foul play that was being practised towards, SG 325 . tucsat a bfeidm i n-einḟeacht `made their attack', MR 272 . ? doradadh sin in gnim do geallus doib the dead . . . has been accomplished, ZCP x 303 . o dorat Mártain ní i ḟertaib when M. had done something in the way of miracles (?), RC iii 392 = Lat. Lives 92 . tuc airrdhe na croiche, 94 (perh. taris is understood). a chēim co imthréith ni thard never took a feeble step, LL 140b50 . nach tug céim ar gcúl i ngroidghleo, Ó Bruad. ii 52 . ba hé luas ind ērma do-n-ucsad iar mBregaib the course they made, TBC-I¹ 675 . tuc se leim assan luing, BCC 195 . tucsat a rith robalc | in chonart the hound-pack bore its impetuous course, Metr. Dinds. iii 408 . ní roan don ruathar sin tucustair, Ériu v 242 . tucsat na siabra side made an onset, Metr. Dinds. ii 66 , cf. AFM vi 2114 . rathaigis in slog indas in toichime dombert (i.e. noticed his gait), TBC-I¹ 2939 . tugastair tulgad don mhanaois gave a thrust of the spear, ML 88 . tuccsat a ttaisbenadh fein don dá tighearna sin showed themselves to those two lords, AFM vi 2080 . mairg mathair dorad m' idhna who suffered birth pangs for me, CF 97 . intan dorata na etarnaidi ara chinn ó Loegaire when the ambuscades were laid for him, Hy. vii Pref . ( Thes. ii 354 ). ní tuc urcor n-imraill riam, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . dobir Colmán . . . tí da bachaill makes a circle with his staff, BColm. 62 .

(o) causes, brings about, effects: cid dober th' orfailtius? CRR 18 . fer . . . rodatuc for longes who caused your exile (?), TBC-I¹ 3584 . ní heasbaidh eoluis . . . tug don choirneach mo chrostáil that caused the tonsured friar to censure me, Ó Bruad. ii 208 . tuc mh'eg it has caused my death, BS 26 . súaill nach ttuc mh'oididh, 28 . iarfaidh Dia fort gach aon tucais a malairt (but perh. = i m-malairt?), RC xxxiv 312 . dorat imarbaigh hi tig Guaire, Ériu v 26 . doratsat creidemain gur uo firbriathra . . . gach ar chan in senóir `these showed that', Fl. Earls 128 . dorad Conn sneachta mór tre draoidheacht, Keat. i 116 . a cumuilt don cend ┐ dobeir in folt it promotes the growth of the hair, 24 B 3, 97.3 . Freq. in pass. in sense of occurred: Finachta .i. snechta fína thucad ina ḟlaithius, Lec. 445b9 . noco tucad cith cruaid clochshneachta, MR 236 . tuccadh ár Laighen, 110 . Folld. by vn. phrase or subord. clause: gorab e secrān eagna tuc an baramail sin da tabairt, Ir. Astr. Tr. 30 . cred dober gan comlann éinfir d'ḟagail do?, CF 449 . dober sin nech gan beth dub nā gel, 24 B 3, 103.7 . fiarfaigid Ipocras cad dober gurob faidi an aimser, etc. asks why the time is longer, 23 P 10, 17a30 .

(p) Folld. by adj. or equivalent as complement of pred. makes, renders, causes to be: dosrat inna ligu laid them low, Hy. ii 62 Comm. fer . . . | dober in cosmail cach leirg who renders every slope the same (?), TBC-I¹ 71 . cid donrat samlaid? what has made him so?, CRR 1 , 2 . ri dosrat . . . indara huair blāith . . ., ind uair aili ainbthechae who has made them (the winds) at one time calm, at another tempestuous, SR 93 . dobheir mé duilbhir doirbh, Ériu i 95 . Clann Morna fa líg 's fa lecht | tugais comlomm thou hast brought to bareness, 16 . cid dobeir gan mnái tú?, Ériu iii 152 . domrat Dia cen derbráthair, SG 58 . tug teinn tréith mé, O'Gr. Cat. 527 . intan tucad máthair í when she conceived, SG 391 . dobeir deghdatha í gives it a good colour (the face), O'Gr. Cat. 191 . tug sé minlinnte ina muir, 451 . don tréad tug mo rádh bréagach who have given the lie to my word, Ó Bruad. iii 142 .

II Puts, places, sets: co tarat il-láim na cumaile put it into the c.'s hand, Hy. v 72 Comm. dobertatar in lucuirp luibe do-som ina cluasa(ib) `gave him herbs (to put) in his ears' (put herbs in his ears?), Ériu xvi 38 § 4 . tucad a tosuch fo diu[d] its beginning has been put at the end, Sg. 202b8 . doridne Dia in talam ┐ tuc muir ina thimchell, Lec. 527b12 . dorat in cloidem triasin mbrat ran the sword through the cloak, RC ii 388 . doberait a tri sligi trit, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tugsat Saxain sceana eturra ┐ a m-maelana hid knives in the soles of their shoes, Todd Nenn. 102 .

Frequent with prepp.

(a) with FO: tarat a bragait fon cungai (of a horse), Hy. v 55 Comm. ( Thes. ii 341 ). ? maccán sē mbliadnae déac intan dobreth fo déraib, ii 3 ( 308 ). loscset dún Cláre . . . tucsat fo thenid etrocht, LL 27b9 . rí dosrat fo thalman tói, Metr. Dinds. ii 40 . dosmbéra fo chumachta in maicc, Wb. 13a30 . ni hed domthabair fo grād which confers dignity on me, SR 3301 . dorad iathu Erenn . . . fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186 . dosfug fo baithis ┐ creidim, Todd Nenn. 78 . dosrat fo chlaidiub, SR 4148 . mór do ros-gaibh ban mbáidhe | doradus fo eccaoine have I made weep, BS 130 . ni fuath . . . tug fúm aigneadh athraightheach `that has given me a discontented mind', KMMisc. 242.15 . dorat Dia fo a menmain had inspired them to do it, SR 3704 . dorat Duid bindius foaib (of psalms), Hib. Min. 156 . tucadar dá chapall . . . futha mounted two mares, Imr. Brain i 68 . dobir a anail fóithib, Trip.² 597 . mairg fa ttabhraid mna menma on whom women set their fancy, BS 112 . d.¤ fo dera, see fo-fera.

(b) With FOR (and accus.)

(i) of local relations: intan dobered nech a mēr for a ētan, Corm. Y 48 . roradsat T.D.D. temheal forsan gréin, BB 32a52 . fri hōl . . . dobertis na lestair-si forsna tibradaib, Corm. Y 48 . Eremon fēn dorad fōt furri buried her, Lec. 569a33 . co tarat a tech forthu knocked down the house upon them, Ériu v 212 . tucsat a curach fursan muir, KMMisc. 322 . co tarat fein teinid fair set fire to it, Anecd. iii 34 . doberthar F. for a deisreth let F. be placed on his right, TBC-I¹ 1579 . doratad cumrech forru they were put in bonds, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). dorigni tech ┐ ní tardad (thárrad, v.l.) simin tuga fair, Trip.² 1816 . tabraid-si ar bur menmain bear in mind, CCath. 5142 .

(ii) With vnn. etc.: tucad for altruim he was put out in fosterage, SG 391 . far ṅDia do forfuc for brath your God has betrayed you, SR 4679 . tuccastair an baile for a cumus placed . . . in his power, BNnÉ 264 . dobert a máthair Corc ar faesum na hamaidi placed C. under the protection of, Lec. 443a32 . cidh rottuc ar gealtacht thú? what has driven thee mad?, BS 102 . co ttucsat misi ar fáoineal ┐ ar foluamhuin, ib. cenco tucad grian for rith cose though the sun was not yet started on its course, Lec. 527b4 . doratad fort sheilb it has been given into thy possession, PRIA xix 546 ( LL 147a 9 ).

(iii) In sense lays upon, confers on, imposes on, inflicts on (both in good and bad sense); in Mid. Ir. often taking the place of an O.Ir. construction with DO: is airi sin doratad foir a n-ainmm sin, Sg. 31a6 (doratad dó is the usual O.Ir. construction). dobretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177 . parrthus talmhaidi doberta for an n-istadh sin, ZCP i 252 . ni taibre grad for nech do not ordain, Wb. 29a22 . co tarda grád fair, 'until he ordains him [king]' Trip. 2303 , PBA lxviii 128 . dobēr indus fair I will reconnoitre it (a route), TBC-I¹ 378 . ordd abgitir dorat forsna consona, Sg. 23b5 . isí roinn tucsat fair the division they made of it, D IV 2, 77 rb 9 . is mait[h] int anocul tuc for na heocha it is well he has spared the horses, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . go ttarad D. aithne fair recognized him, BS 16 . doberat adrad Dé foirn worship us as Gods, PH 2060 . dobeir barr for sluagu `puts a top on' (i.e. forms a climax, crowns), Fél. Nov. 30 , cf. Mar. 31 . ara tardda bendacht for anmain in truagáin, Thes. ii 257 . arin altrom dobertais[s]iu form-sa, ZCP viii 553 . dober-sa fortacht fair, TTebe 1918 . combad iarsin ḟrecra doberad-si for Meidb, TBC-I¹ 279 . ní thug-san iomagallamh air did not address him, RC xxix 116 . doratsat impidi fair, FB § 27 . ina hetarguíde doberait na nóib fair, PH 6386 . nicon tibre etech form he will not refuse me, Corm. Y 698 . ar son na héra tucais fair, SG 28 . gach tenga . . . forsa tardadh rath, Ériu iv 238 . SR 7143 . rí dorat sobarthain sláin | for ciniud n-amra nAbráim, 7433 . cia ar a ttiobhra [Críost] breath?, Parrth. Anma 93 = Luc. Fid. 49 . dobertis cech n-olc form, Ml. 54c30 , cf. 89a2 . dorat brón for sochaide, Fianaig. 66 . tucatar . . . buaidred ar buidhnibh, 90 . ar ná tucca nech crith fort, Tec. Corm. 46 . ni tarda tusliud form may it not cause me to stumble, Hy. vi 12 Comm. ( Thes. ii 352 ). co tardta bricht suain fair, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . rí fors tardad gūforgall, SR 7752 . tabraidh in adhaidh doberdáiss orainn orra fein, Expugn. Hib. 17 . dobertsad ár adhbhal forra, AFM 1172 . tuc bleith mulind forthu, CRR 25 . ní tuc laech dibh-sin guin air, CF 789 , cf. 129 . ní tabur a chin ar nech blame does not accrue to anyone, Ériu v 26 . tobert a chin forsin fer he charged the man . . . with the injury, Laws iv 178 Comm. ní tharda fornn . . . digail seirb, SR 2727 . ni tarda dínsium for a n-abraim-si do not despise what I say, CF p. 89 . tucsat esbaid aonmeic (sic leg.) ort, a Dé they deprived Thee of Thy only Son, ACL iii 243 . iarsin fingail doratsat for sóerchlandaib Erenn, ZCP xi 63 n. 10 . dobērthar in mor-martra ann for sil Adaim, SR 8179 . ná tabhairthear éigion fair, BNnÉ 28 . dorat forrán for Tamár forced, SR 6710 . dobert-sa gén fort I have made you a laughing-stock, TBC-LL¹ 1893 . dobērat maldachtain form-sa, TBC-I¹ 23 . dorat cúrsachad mór forra, SG 89 . dobérsa miscaid fair, Ériu viii 156 . tabarr pian forsna hí, Ml. 104b2 . ní thabhair Dia orumsa | pian, BS 138 . bóthar na Muilte . . . thug sgís ar mhórán do mhnáibh, Ériu i 101 . uair mian moltcharna doradadh d'á mhathair for Oilill Molt an gcén robhaoi n-a broinn O. M. got a taste for wether-mutton from his mother, Hy Fiach. 96 . Also freq. with ammus, fóbairt, sidhe, maidm, etc., q.v.

(iv) enjoins upon, compels, instigates: dosbēr-sa fort-sa do Dia féin do fácbail, PH 2060 . doradad fair géim drúith do dénam, RC xxiv 54 . is e dorad foraib-si in bréag do cantain, Todd Nenn. 94 .

(c) With FRI: conducthar nomen fris until a name is put to it, Sg. 200b13 , cf. 42b7 , 63a17 . dobreth coirthi fria chenn ┐ araile fria chosa, TBC-I¹ 419 . dobert aigid fri aigid, Fianaig. 36 . tucastar sciath fri sciath, CRR 45 . ise naidm dorad Corc mac L. ria lāim Conaill the compact which C. made with C., Lec. 410a29 . ar des rīg is ruirech | doradsad frit lāim, TBC-I¹ 2270 . dobheirim m'ainm ré n-abraim I put my name to what I write, Content. xxi 1 . dober frit a l[ín] lae o thus bliad[ne] `thou puttest the number of days' (gl. computa dies), Thes. ii 36 . Of fig. relations: nathir . . . donrat fri saeth tria aslach who has brought us into trouble, SR 1342 . dosrat fri sním, 5797 , cf. 5867 . manip fri toil Dé dosmerat unless they lead him to oppose the will of God, Mon. Tall. 144 . Cf. also under I (l) above.

(d) With IMM: dobeir a dī bois ima dī lecain, Corm. Y 756 . dobert in rígan brat ngorm imbi put on , TBC-I¹ 726 . dorat nél impu, SR 3963 . tobert C. beoil ima heim smeared grease on its hilt, Corm. Y 883 . tuc urrcur de uimpe struck him against it (i.e. the boulder?), CF 221 , cf. tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC-LL¹ 1027 .

(e) With I N-

(i) Of local relations: dobert (.i. tuc) díllat i criol Ronchinn, Hy. v 84 ( Thes. ii 347 ). dabir it béulu thou puttest it into thy mouth, Thes. ii 249 . ni thardad dantmir i mbeolu in chind, Corm. Y 1018 . dobeir a láim il-láim tigerna, CRR 11 , cf. SG 90.29 . dorad a mhér a suainemh na sleighe, BS 10 . co tard a fiacla inn, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . baile i tartad in degben was buried, Metr. Dinds. iii 40 . a n-as tardtar ana hūir what is laid in its clay (of a graveyard), Lism. L. 3505 . tucad a talmain la [a] mac was buried, Lec. 580a32 . dorad misi it chumann-sa | mallacht Ronáin R.'s curse has thrown me into thy company, BS 82 . domratad i slabraid I have been put in chains, ZCP vi 263 .

(ii) With abstr. as obj.: gurub faill tug 'n-ar tegmáil he has neglected our quarrel, Ériu iv 216 . mairg thugas neamhshuim a dteangainn a dhuthaoi féin, O'Gr. Cat. 219 .

(iii) I N- folld. by abstr.: ní thibér-sa tusa i n-áirem I will hold thee of no account, PH 1804 . ni tabar a n-uimir cenel acht cined dā mac dib nama the descendants of only two sons are counted among the races, Lec. 67b14 . doberr don dligud-so i frithcheist gl. huic opponitur, Sg. 163b10 . doberr hi cotarsne do gl. obiicitur, 21b5 . amal duberad nech do hi ceist as though someone had asked him, Ml. 56a13 . conda-tardat hi coibsin may confess it, Ml. 181d16 . taibred hi cobsin di anmcharait, Ériu vii 158 . na peacaidhe thug duine i ndearmad, Eochairsg. 108 . ar nachat-tarda nech i n-éislis lest thou be neglected, Tec. Corm. 46 . ní thard ó D. na sgéla sin i foill, Hugh Roe 118 .

(iv) With pers. obj., brings, puts (into a state or condition): as é domrad a n-ainriocht, BS 42 . as Dia dudnuic issa n-imned, Ml. 44d14 . dosbér uili i mbás i mbath I will destroy them, SR 2431 . ó dotrat i socht, i sním, Ériu vii 225 (impers. use of vb.?). dosrat a snim mor sloigh na nG. um an ni-sin the hosts of the G. were sorely troubled about that matter (cf. prec. ex.), Ériu v 146 . do naemaib Eirenn tuc sadaile na bethad-so i dtarcaisne who spurned this life's luxuries, O'Gr. Cat. 638 . Cf. further: a flaith . . . dosrat hi ceathra ranna fichet, Lec. 45b40 . Cf. I (p) supra.

(f) With TAR: ronfialadar .i. dorata a fial torund may He put His veil over us, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). tardad dícealtar tairsib, ZCP viii 103 . dobert láim dara agid, TBC-I¹ 1841 . co tarat láim dar hiffern (of Christ harrowing Hell), SR 7772 . tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, TBC-I¹ 1471 . dorat sighin na croiche tairis crossed himself, RC xxxiv 322 . dobér-sa . . . a crosa dar m'aigidh, ZCP viii 110 . fuilt dar a tabar, it liat[h]a upon which it is poured (of a well), Todd Nenn. 194 . co tabrad usce dar a lámu, RC ii 400 . dorad Dia dilind tarsin n-uili doman, Lec. 534a31 .

(g) sends: tabar fer for āth damsa (a challenge), TBC-I¹ 1482 (where senses give and put are both implicit). dobretha Medb techta for cend Fir Diad, 2210 , 2212 . co tibred aingliu i m-agaid-si that he would send angels to encounter me, PH 1786 . dobretha C. nonbor úad . . . do chuingid mna do Ch., LU 10168 . comadh iat a daltadha doberta ar amus Sencháin dús cia dhib, etc. who were sent to S., ACL iii 5 . doradad Paladius a papa C. do progecht soscela do Scotaib, BB 10a26 .

III Brings, leads .

(a) fedar .i. . . . dohucthar (referring to Lat. ferri), Sg. 210a4 . donfé .i. donfuca may she bring us, Hy. iv 2 Comm. ( Thes. ii 325 ). dodfetis .i. dobertis, Hy. ii 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 312 ). ní fitemmar can doberr whence it is brought (of a variant reading), Sg. 32b5 . dobreit[h] dobarchi isin comhbreic (the word) `dobarchi' has been introduced into Cymric, Corm. Y 311 . is é Nothelmus tucastar epistil ó Griguir, Anecd. iii 64 . in rí thuc inn arcc forcūl who brought back the ark, SR 5505 . ba i ngataib dombertadar a l-loegu, TBC-I¹ 912 . in scian tucad dō a tirib Alban, Corm. Y 698 . Fig. brings, deduces, traces (of a sequence, genealogy, etc.): is amlaid sin tugasdair ar senoir-ne geinilach Breatan a cronicib na Romanach, Todd Nenn. 36 . o Róba . . . tugus co cróda an caithréim | co Codnaig, Hy Fiach. 278 . tucus lim . . . o Chloind Maelruanaid . . . co craeib Luaraid, 214 . With co: tabram ar roisc ┐ ar indfhethium co Dia let us raise our eyes and our thoughts to God, PH 8067 . fén douc a bantigerna chuci, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 333 ). tuccastair a mac féin cuice d'fir took to her as husband, MacCarthy 288 . ceadh ima ram-tugadh-sa chugaibh?, RC xiv 258 . doberar a drai co Brian, RC xxiv 180 . tug C. clann Cruithnigh do cobraid cuci called in the Picts to his aid, BB 370a42 . caisil . . . .i. cís dobertha o feraib Erenn cosin luc sin, Corm. Y 391 . With DOCHUM: cenis-tuca-su chucud dochom betad hi though thou bring her not to life, Mon. Tall. 144 . tuc na heochu chum beathadh dorísí, SG 25 . dobēra mo des-sa Aenias dochum bāis will put (lit. bring) to death, Aen. 2895 . nis tibritis dochum in carpait they could not bring (the Grey of Macha) to the chariot, RC iii 175 . nír fhác senmóir riam nach tibredh duine dochum creidme, SG 44 .

(b) With LA referring to subject (the usual construction in later lang.): donfuca leis, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). co nostucam lenn i mbrait, SR 3979 . tucus mo sheotu lim ┐ mo indili, TBC-I¹ 1612 . In fig. relations: in tucsam Temraig lind? have we taken in Tara in our course? (lit. brought with us), SG ii 492 ( LL 329a5 ). clanda Gaeidil . . . thucsom a n-imthechta lind o . . . thur Neamruad ille we have followed their adventures from the tower of N. onwards, Lec. 565b10 ( BB 38a11 ); cf. Hy Fiach. 214 quoted under III (a). dia tarta nech leis na cōic fa dhó if anyone multiply the five by two, Lism. L. 4618 . With abstr. obj.: tug leis feirg n-adhbhal n-anba | dom athchur he brought with him, i.e. displayed, BS 6 . abradh fris co ná tardad gráin ná hirfuath leis ina dochum, ACL iii 5 . indas na luinde ┐ na barainde . . . tucsat leo isin chath, LL 403a25 .

(c) d.¤ anuas brings down, humbles (mod.): dobhéuruinn a náimhde anuas go haithgheárr, Psalms lxxxi 14 , cf. xviii 27 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 3 : maor nach tug sároghadh síos `who has not taken down my offences' (?). See Desid. Gloss. (anuas) .

(d) d.¤ suas brings up, rears, educates (mod.): nech . . . tuccadh suas i Saxoibh as a óicce, AFM v 1752 . mar neach tugadh suas ionna ḟochair as one brought up with him, Proverbs viii 30 . degh-thabhartha suas well-educated , Rel. Celt. ii 206 .

IV Gets, wins, takes: an extension of meaning brings folld. by certain prepp. such as AS or Ó. Mostly in Mid. Ir. with confusion of do-rat- and do-ucc-, see above under forms.

(a) dorat mac Lonán ar a dhán ó fheraib Eirenn ní nach lugha iná a tuc Guaire immach won for his art from the men of Ireland an amount no less than G. had given away, SG 400 . in tan bes glainiu in anim rop and dos ucca Día may God take the soul when it is purest, Ériu vi 116 . rofāssaigh machaire na Muman . . . co tard iltáintiu carried off, RC xviii 50 (Tig.). tuchta tāinte treabh-clann | la Cremhthand, Todd Nenn. 136 . is ua dobeir cheird who adopts a calling, PRIA xix 546 . cinged issin sliab co tabrad fiad `to fetch a deer', Arch. Hib. ii 70 . tuccusae comarleccud I obtained permission, Mon. Tall. 136 . is iad dobeiredh gach buaidh, SG 34 . dobertatar a búaid they gained the victory over him, ZCP ix 192 . nipad andsu Cuchulaind acht tuctha a c[h]leitine aire provided his javelin were taken from him, TBC-I¹ 1331 . dobered leth brandaigechta ┐ fi[d]chillachta fora thigerna used to win, 2327 . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra, RC v 199 .

(b) With ASS: nicon robae rann di rannaib in domain as nacha tucad Dia, Ml. 125b7 (where meaning is still brings); cf. 94d4 . dotuc ass, a gillai (take thyself off?), LL 117a31 . asa Iubdain tuc mé as `I.'s sandals bore me through undrowned', SG 252 . ond uair doratus[s]a menmain ind, ní thucus as from the time that I set my mind on Him, I have never taken it from Him, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 324 ). dobeir Cuchulainn in ṅgai ass draws out the spear, RC iii 178 . dia taltar in cloch as do chind . . . mani tucthar ass, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 8 . romarbsat he . . . ┐ ni tucsat banne fola as did not draw a drop of blood, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). dibeir coicait Breasal la gach n-ernaighthe a hiffern takes fifty (souls) out of Hell, ZCP vii 306 . dusfuc Patraic . . . a taig Diaboil, ACL iii 303 . rí dofuc brait hiffirn uair | a pēin, a crithfeidm, SR 7777 , cf. 3961 . rocumdaig Dia int asna dorad a hAdhamh, BB 16b26 . dorat an t-oglach brodchú as a choim, Imr. Brain i 60 . saighit na sluaigh an chathair, co ttartsat a seoit . . . eiste, Leb. Gab.(i) 84 .

(c) With DE takes from: dothuc do Adaum a chenn | co ruc co Hierusalem, SR 2235 . dobēraind-sea a c[h]eand de, TBC-I¹ 824 . is he Tuathal tart a cindu dona coiceadaib cut off the extremities of the provinces, Lec. 594a10 = tall . . . dena c., LL 295b13 . co tuc a mind dia chend, SR 6727 . tair . . . fein don craunn | tuc de oen-ubull, 1262 , cf. 1285 . do naimdib doberar `from enemies it is taken', Laws i 228 Comm.

(d) With Ó: dobert secht multu uade carried off seven wethers from her, Hy. v 36 ( Thes. ii 337 ). cid tuccais ó Guaire? what has thou got from G.?, ACL iii 2 . ised tucsam o Máolrúain (the teaching) we received from M., Mon. Tall. 137 . da fuc Michol o Alathis took M. from A. (her husband), SR 6571 . dorad giallu o Findachta . . . ri Laigen, Lec. 138b43 . dorat mallachtain don tí . . . dobera[d] a mainc[h]ine ó Chiarán, ACL iii 226 . dorat buar iomdha uaidhibh, AFM 1263 (iii 392) . co ttarat a réir uadhoibh obtained his demand from them, 705 (i 306) . tuccais an éccsi nglain | ón mnaoi mérghil, ót máthair, ZCP viii 109 . in uainn tucadh? was it taken from us?, Laws i 74 Comm.

(e) d.¤ mnái takes a wife, weds: nā tuic seitchi gl. noli quaerere uxorem, Wb. 10a30 . regat-sa . . . co tuc a ingin, SR 5827 . an adhaigh tuc Mongán Dubhlacha, | tuc Mac an Daimh [a com]alta, Imr. Brain i 63 . co tucas-sa in mbé sáir sláin, Ériu iv 154 . dofuc-som ingin Aithechda, Hib. Min. p. 77 . nach tibrad mnai dogrés dia nustuccad nech ali remiu he would never wed any woman if another had wedded her already, TE 2 (Eg.). ca ben dobér? what woman shall I marry?, ZCP viii 113 . gēba flaithius ┐ dobēra rigan, Aen. 1248 . Fithir álainn . . . in ben dorat rí Berba, SG 360 . co tarat Eochu . . . in n-ingin ba siniu .i. Fithir, LL 294b48 ( RC xiii 36 ). amser i tibred Alax . . . mnái do Grecaib illánamnus, LL 229b34 ( TTr. 925 ). tabhair m'inghen-sa. —Ní thiubhar-sa í, ITS v 148 . annsa n-eiséirghe ní thabhruid fir mná ┐ ní tugthar mná d'fhearaibh, Matthew xxii 30 . With DO: tuc Hiruath ingin Aristopuil ... do mnaí, Ev.Inf. (LB) 381 § 104 . isé in Nemhnall sin dorad Finmaith inghen Carthaigh do mnáoi, BNnÉ 25 § 15 .

(f) d.¤ immach wins, captures (most freq. with vn.) (cf. I (f) above): an ben rucadh uaim-si . . . nach tuitfe fer d'Ulltachaib impe ag a tabairt amach in recovering her, Imr. Brain i 67 . ag tabhairt bhailte móra amach ó na nāimdibh, Rel. Celt. ii 206 . do chuir sídsi 'ma chaislén ┐ níor chinn leis a thabhairt amach, 178 . d.¤ istech id. : tuc A. sin isteach (of land), AFM iv 974 .

V Occas. do-beir appears as an intrans. vb. folld. by FOR or other prep. or adv. in sense makes for; falls on, attacks ; perh. from an orig. reflexive use, cf. dosfucsad dias laech do Laignib for Chond ┐ rosfobairsed Conn threw themselves on C., Lec. 598a46 . dober P. for N. ┐ non-gon, BB 440b32 . imatarla doib . . . co tarat indt aoinfer for firu Erind, Anecd. v 11 ( Sc.M² 8 . See Celtica iii 267 ). ise dorat forru co brath attacked them, ZCP xiii 348.9 . co tuc fói fell upon him (?), LL 260b50 . dorat cách co dúr ┐ co díchra risin debaid betook himself to the fray, 256a43 . doberait a muinter co dichra a n-agaid A., Aen. 2636 . doradsat co dichra 'sin cath, 2859 , 2612 . Follg. ex. is perh. an extension of this use: is andsin tucsad na tuatha-sin rigi do thabairt do S. made a move (decided) to give (?), Lec. 447a39 .

VI

(a) comprehends, understands ; gl. intellegere, Wb. 21c11 . intendere, 15a29 . hi tucu cheist ndoraid where I understand a difficult problem, SP ii 8 ( Thes. ii 294 ). ni tucai cách dib belrae alaili, Ml. 42c7 . duucthar tria rosc aní nolabraifitis, 55a10 . ara tuicce ar-rolegais, Wb. 28d7 . ara tucca cach a canas, 27b27 . ní tucsat cia chruth conrerortatar, Ml. 75d10 . nad tuicset rúna, Wb. 15a29 . ní tucid féin ní da n-abraid, RC xxviii 314 . do neoch dorucai mo rí | bec dofucaid ní dia grés of what my king can comprehend ye understand little (?), SR 7983 . ni frith dó . . . dia drúidib nech dosfucad, 3228 , cf. 2763 . ní ragaib acht nem . . . do cach oen nodgēbad ┐ nodafucfad etir cēill fogra, RC xx 134 . nír thuiccestair an mbreithir atbert R. fris, BNnÉ 323 . do tucsat cēlmhaine na ndruadh, ZCP i 398 . ní tucenn aenduine in briathar-sin uaithe, vi 291 . cindus rothuiggisi in berla ebraidi uaithib ┐ tu fen it' gregach?, YBL 141b22 . Folld. by vn. clause: ni tuccai nech anfoirbthe buith fo riaguil, Ériu i 202 .

(b) perceives, observes, is aware of: tucim nár bé chóir, TBC-LL¹ 4083 . douicim-ne ┐ tuigmit conid mog do Dia tusa, PH 750 . dofuicind Dia . . . co n-oslaicfither bar ruisc (= scit Deus quod aperientur, etc. , Gen. iii 5 ), Lec. 530a10 = dofuicfind, BB 16b53 . ar na rothucad Pátraic cia dia ṅdernad int immun, Trip. 396 . doucad in tan ticfad sonend ┐ donend, LU 823 ( ACC 58 ). dofucfa cách 'na mbia fo menmain a chéli cen a falsigud o briathraib, RC xxv 248 . tuigedh gurab ar gealtacht robháoi an bhen, BS 108 . ní thuigfinn m'imshníom ná m'olc | ar ghualainn mhic C. I should not be conscious of, O'Gr. Cat. 453 . o rathuic corba corp dia adnocul, tuc airrde na croiche, Lat. Lives 94 . o rathuicistair . . . a mbeith nocht (= cum cognovissent se esse nudos, Gen. iii 7 ), Lec. 530a21 . In ipv. oft. folld. by la + refl. pron., tuic lat observe, note , know (common in med. texts): tuic leat gurob comartha bāis, 23 P 10, 3b10 ; 7a1 ; 30a56 , etc. With OC: tuig agad cindus bis tiacht amach an tsile take note how the flux issues forth, 10b26 . Folld. by AR, perceives, knows (by looking at): atcífe diabul ┐ tuicfe a olc fair, PH 2037 . dothuigisdar ar in ablainn ndiatha . . . bí eder a lāmhaib an tsaguirt (sic leg.) . . . co roibi pecadh folaidhthi aigi he knew from the consecrated wafer . . . that he (the priest) had committed some secret sin, Lib. Flav. i 33 rb 12 . tuigim ort go saoiltear libh, etc., Content. xiv 53 . Folld. by ASS knows (from), infers (from): tuicim-se as a tuarascbail, TBC-LL¹ 5660 (St.). issed rotuiccedh as sain, na huilc tháncatar `hence men presaged the evils', SG 406 . tuicter as sin nach fedann laeighi ara taebhaibh it is a sign that he cannot lie on his side, 23 P 10, 3a30 . Vbl. of necess.: is tuicti na comartha-sin do bheith go holc, 24 P 22, 105.13 . is tuigthe dhaoibh . . . gur ab iad sin clann Abraham, Galatians iii 7 . as tuigthe dhúinn as so gurab decair, etc., Ó Héodhusa 15 .

(c) thinks, opines, considers: nihil medico conducibilius censeo . . . .i. ni tuigim go bhfuil ní, etc., 23 K 42, 184.4 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum etc., I do not think that I could agree, Content. ix 5 . cé bé duine nach biaidh leinn . . . tuigmíd gur duine i n-ar n-aghaidh in duine sin, O'Gr. Cat. 468 . do thuicc drong dona hughdaruibh . . . gurab must as ferr a n-ionadh an fhíona, 24 P 32, 52.6 ; 211.9 .

(d) means, signifies (usually in pass.): cennsa tuicther tresin snechta is symbolized by, PH 3386 . triasan uiscce tuicther popul na creitmech, tuict[h]er Críst triasin fín, RC xxxvii 346 . a toghaide tre-uillech, trésa tuicthear in Trinōid, MR 92 . an sextuarius adubramar . . . as é sextuarius an uisce thuigmid we mean a s. of water, 24 P 32, 94.1 . adeir G. . . . antan aderar eiliborus . . . go tuicter eiliborus geal antan sin that white hellebore is meant, 23 P 10, 31b46 .

(e) In certain cases folld. by prep. DOCHUM, DO, FRI (LE), understands (of), applies or refers to (freq. in pass.): species .i. gnē ┐ termin uilidhe ┐ tuicther duine ┐ leomhan chuige sin (i.e. `man' and `lion' are referred to, are examples of a species), 24 P 3, 304.23 . as iad so na daine da tuicter so .i. na daine bis a n-āis .x. bliadan .xx. this applies to persons of the age of thirty, 23 P 10, 8a10 . ni do lucht na paralisi amain tuicter an rādh so this saying applies not to paralytics alone, 44b46 . an spic[a] adubramar, as d'olaidh an spica .n. thuigios Mesué í the `spica' above-mentioned M. takes to mean oil, etc. , 24 P 32, 156.8 . re fiabras coididiana contineoideach is coir sin da thuigsin ┐ re fiabras coididiana nach contineoideach do tuigeadar siad-san he this rightly applies to continuous quotidian fever, but those authors understood it of intermittent, 23 P 10, 163 vb 27 . is amhlaidh bhíos an tslat . . . geal go hiomlán, do chomhartha na firinne lé dtuigthear an ghile in sign of truth with which whiteness is associated (i.e. of which it is a symbol), Keat. iii 151 . creud thuigeas tú lé maitheadh na bpeacadh? what do you understand by forgiveness of sins?, Donlevy 44 .

1 do-ella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-ella or dil.ie/17544

 

Forms: doella, dilled, do-n-ella, dhella, ndillem-ni, -derellat, du-n-ellad, du-n-eltis, da-eltais, diellfa, dureill, doréll, doellsit, doelsat, dorellsat, direllsat, do-n-elltar, doellatar, duellatar, duelltis, dillithi, díall

v (* di-ell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 510 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. doella, LU 4896 = TBC-I¹ 410 . Impf. 3 s. ní dilled , Enchir. Aug. 76a ( ZCP vii 482 ). Subj. pres. 3 s. do-n-ella, Sg. 114a4 . ní dhella , Leb. Cert. 192 . 1 pl. nad ndillem-ni , Ml. 106c4 . (with -ro-) -derellat, O'Curry 477 ( H 3.18, 248 ). Impf. 3 s. du-n-ellad, Ml. 83b6 . 3 pl. du-n-eltis, 78d6 . da-eltais, Sg. 75b3 . Fut. 3 s. diellfa, Rawl. 125b21 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. dureill, Ml. 54d8 . doréll, Trip.² 478 . 3 pl. doellsit, IT iii 240.169 . doelsat, i 74.2 . dorellsat, Ml. 36c22 , cf. 105b18 . direllsat, BCr. 37c2 . Pass. pres. s. do-n-elltar, Sg. 148b9 . pl. doellatar, ib. Subj. pres. pl. ma duellatar , Sg. 4b1 . Impf. pl. ma duelltis , Sg. 4b4 .

Vbl. of necess. dillithi, Ml. 29d6 . Vn. díall. See also díallaid. IGT Verbs § 80 .

I As intrans. vb.

(a) turns aside, deviates, bends: gl. deviare, Ml. 29d6 , 36c22 , 78d6 ; BCr. 37c2 ; Enchir. Aug. 76a ; diversari, Ml. 54d8 , 83b6 . Cf. tabraid lamdia chucaib . . . ┐ dellaid fria die Noe, Lec. 543a42 = delligh, Leb. Gab.(i) 10 . dellid fris an Coimdhe, ib. (cf. deiligidir?).

(b) Esp. in moral sense goes astray, errs, degenerates: adropart Noe . . . edpart . . . don Comdid | fri fégad cach druing dorhell, SR 2619 . mairg toichles in dagḟorcetul ┐ doeall i saeibe, LB 12 marg. inf. inda sacairt doellad priests who go astray, Mon. Tall. 134 . ? ni ellastar cloénchleir; doellar fo inmuilg `who turned aside under instruction', ACC 95 ( RC xx 272 ). gabhaid tuaristal ó thellach ná fill ┐ ná dell a Dia which has not . . . turned away from God, Leb. Cert. 110 . imsoa ria Teamhair-mhuigh, ní dhella do bhráthairsi `he shall not abandon it to his relations' (shall not swerve from, forsake?), Leb. Cert. 192 = nit-fella for brathairsi, LL 385b22 . doellsit iarum gumtar dā hsiabur they changed (i.e. for the worse) and became, IT iii 240 .

(c) do-ella for (with vn.) turns to, takes to (usually in bad sense): doréll for écnuch na Trínóti, Trip.² 478 = doraell, ACL iii 14 § 28 , cf. Lat. Lives 6 . forellsid inn ēcis for mianuib decmuici ar dāig enich Guairi do brith began to make exorbitant demands, ACL iii 3 . uair roscáich dóib fiadach in tṡlébe, doelsat for cethra fer nAlban do thabairt chucu, IT i 74 (do-rellsat, Eg.).

(d) doella for turns on, assails: doellasom forsin macraid sechnon in taigi, TBC-I¹ 410 . dofell ar cóerchu na bantrebthaigi, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . o na fuair a daithin doḟeall ara oidi, Dinds. 148 = imsói fria haiti, LL 168b41 .

Note also: rotaisced a cuid proinne . . . ┐ doréll for cruime it turned to worms (became worm-eaten), Fél. p. 92 , cf. BNnÉ 300 .

(e) doella fri takes after, resembles: Eochaid Mogmedon . . . a bhruinne frisin rí[g] rodell, a mhedhon frisin mogh, Cóir Anm. 117 . nír deall re[a] ré sái ris-sin no sage of his time was like him, Ériu iv 224 .

II Trans.

(a) turns aside, deflects: gó ┐ peccad na ndaene dorelsat a nert ┐ a mbrigh asin talmain, ACL ii 136 . rathrian cach múir . . . | . . . radiall secharaile separated the three sections of the wall, SR 428 .

(b) Esp. as gramm. term declines; gl. declinare, Sg. 114a4 . in chruth do-n-elltar `mús', is samlaid doellatar monosyllabae , 109a4 , cf. 148b9 etc.

do-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-icc or dil.ie/17788
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: condid-ticci, tici-siu, do-da-ic, to-t-ic, tic, to-nn-ecad, do-s-ecat, tecait, ticed, doticed, tictis, thictis, toi-n-ictis, ticed, to-n-iced, do-m-icced, tecat, tis[s]a, tíos, tiu-sa, tís, go tis-[s]iu, tís, tisi, do-mm-, tí, tísam, tissaid, do-t-ísat, nacha-tísat, tíssat, ndon-tisat, tisor, tísir-siu, tissain, do-da-íssed, do-n-ised, do-m-issed, tised, thised, condid-tísed, condísed, contísed, tismais, tistai, do-m-istais, do-n-ístais, doristis, tístis, ticabh, ticub, do-sn-icfa, do-nd-iccfa, to-t-icfa, ticfea, ticfe, ticfai, du-nd-icfet, ticfat, ticfait, ticfaind, do-n-icfad, ticfed, du-nd-icfitis, tiuc-, tiucfad, tánac, rotanac-sa, do-ndn-anac, to-nn-anac, tánac, do-m-anicc, du-nn-ánic, du-da-ánaic, tánicc, nin-tánicc, tanaic, nín-tanic, condanicc, tánic, táinic, donfáncid, donangid, tancaibair, do-m-ancadar, du-sn-ancatar, táncatar, dom-ranic, dosranic, damrancadar, tecar, tecar, tecar, tístar, tistar, tísta, thíosta, ticht, tohét, tíchtu, tiacht, techt, da-fic, doficc, do-ficced, do-ficfe, dobarficfa, toficfat, ficfit, dofánic, dosfánic, donfáncid, dosfangator, do-s-físta, rasfecgat, tangus, tánacais, tanacais-[s]iu, ticcis, tigis, dodsisigh, ticsidh, ticsead, tigsed, co-ndn-icsitis, ticc-, tig-, dosfístá

v (* to-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 557 ). Indic. pres. 2 s. condid-ticci, Wb. 24b5 . tici-siu, TBC-I¹ 2610 . 3 s. do-da-ic, Ml. 123d3 . to-t-ic, Fél. May 25 . tic, SR 8117 , etc. 3 pl. to-nn-ecad, TBC-I¹ 475 . do-s-ecat, Lec. 85b1 . (Mid.Ir. tecat, tecait.) Impf. 3 s. ní ticed , Ml. 41d9 . doticed, SR 1116 . 3 pl. tictis, TBC-I¹ 1432 (LU). do thictis , SR 1120 . toi-n-ictis, BB 39a22 . Ipv. 3 s. ticed, LU 3660 ( SCC § 32 ). to-n-iced, TBC-I¹ 1061 ; do-m-icced, etc. 3 pl. tecat, TBC-I¹ 1402 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. co tis[s]a , TBC-I¹ 938 . tíos, Lism. L. 2297 . co tiu-sa , PH 997 . 2 s. tís, TBC-LL¹ 1860 . go tis-[s]iu, 5979 . acht co tís , RC iii 181.14 . Mid.Ir. mina tisi , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . 3 s. do-mm-, Fél. Ep. 561 . co tí , Wb. 8d25 , Ml. 26a5 . 1 pl. ara tísam , TBC-I¹ 25 . 2 pl. tan tissaid , SR 3501 . 3 pl. cé do-t-ísat , Ériu i 198 § 17 . ar nacha-tísat , Wb. 17d10 . co tíssat , Hy. ii 36 . co ndon-tisat , TBC-I¹ 3066 . In Mid.Ir. often depon. in 1 and 2 s.: co tisor , TBC-I¹ 939 , Lism. L. 2315 . na tísir-siu , LL 262b28 . Impf. 1 s. co tissain , SR 1814 . 3 s. do-da-íssed, Ml. 39c15 . do-n-ised, TBC-I¹ 925 (LU). cia do-m-issed , 1728 . tised, Wb. 27c8 . mani thised , 4c15 . condid-tísed, 21a1 . condísed, 25a6 . contísed, Thes. ii 242.6 (Ardm.). do-r-issed, Corm. s.v. leithech (LB). 1 pl. tismais, TBC-I¹ 2357 . 2 pl. dia tistai , TBC-LL¹ 590 . 3 pl. do-m-istais, TBC-I¹ 2832 . do-n-ístais, Ériu i 114 § 3 . ? doristis, TTr.² 692 . tístis. Fut. 1 s. ticabh, Lism. L. 2299 . ticub, Ériu vii 229.11 , AFM i 308 (poem). 3 s. do-sn-icfa, Wb. 5c5 . do-nd-iccfa, 29c4 . to-t-icfa, SR 6855 . ticfea, Wb. 4d6 . ticfe, SR 8103 . ticfai, IT i 20.28 (LB). 3 pl. du-nd-icfet, Ml. 19b11 . ticfat, SR 8037 etc. ticfait, 8129 . Condit. 1 s. ní ticfaind , TBC-I¹ 2504 . 3 s. do-n-icfad, Wb. 21a3 . nad ticfed , Ml. 46a19 . 3 pl. du-nd-icfitis, 68a1 . In later lang. the stem tiuc- commonly occurs in fut. tiucfad (1 s.), TE 9 (Eg.).

Pret. and Perf. 1 s. tánac, SR 1684 , cf. 1695 . rotanac-sa, IT i 102.22 . 2 s. do-ndn-anac, TBC-I¹ 1613 (YBL) = to-nn-anac, (LU). tánac, 485 . 3 s. do-m-anicc, Wb. 12c9 . du-nn-ánic, 25a21 . du-da-ánaic, Ml. 123c3 . tánicc, Wb. 30d11 . nin-tánicc, 1d1 . tanaic, Ml. 35d1 . nín-tanic, 14d4 . condanicc, Wb. 3c27 . Mid.Ir. tánic, táinic. 2 pl. donfáncid, LU 1451 . donangid, 1452 . tancaibair, 2328 . 3 pl. do-m-ancadar, TBC-I¹ 2807 , du-sn-ancatar, 832 . táncatar. With -ro-: dom-ranic, TBC-I¹ 2787 . dosranic, ZCP xi 110 § 32 . damrancadar, TBC-I¹ 2850 . Pass. (s. only) ipv. na tecar , TBC-LL¹ 1767 . Pres. tecar, ni tecar , Laws , etc. Subj. pres. co tístar , Moling 71 . na tistar , RC iii 185.4 . Impf. tísta; muna thíosta , AFM vi 1918 . Pret. and perf. ticht (tohét, v.l.) . . . o Ch. i ndiaid mac mB., Cymmr. xiv 110 § 10 (see ZCP xviii 326 ). -tícht, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 56 § 22 . Vn. tíchtu, tiacht, etc. Later also techt.

Mid.Ir. deuterotonic forms with inorganic -f-: da-fic, TBC-I¹ 561 LU = doficc, YBL; impf. do-ficced; fut. do-ficfe, TBC-I¹ 203 . dobarficfa, SG 376.9 . toficfat, TBC-I¹ 1077 (LU). ficfit, 171 ; pret. dofánic, TBC-I¹ 1778 (LU). dosfánic, SR 1687 . donfáncid, LU 1451 . dosfangator, Hugh Roe 300.4 (donangatar, 5). Pass. subj. impf. do-s-físta, TBC-LL¹ 2818 . Cf. also: rasfecgat (= do-s-ecat), TBC-LL¹ 5088 ( LL 96a47 ).

With s- forms in pret. and perf.: 1 s. tangus. 2 s. tánacais, TBC-I¹ 2415 . tanacais-[s]iu, IT i 102.23 . Also 3 s. ticcis, tigis, e.g. Fl. Earls 32.22 , 46.1 , 78.14 .

The follg. subj. forms are perhaps due to contamination with -dichs-, prototonic stem of do-cóis- (tiagu): Pres. 3 s. dodsisigh . . . ticsidh , Ériu v 156 , 174 . Impf. 3 s. ticsead, Lec. 347a51 ; 342b22 . ara tigsed , 191b30 . 3 pl. co-ndn-icsitis, Lat. Lives 49 . In late Mid.Ir. subj. is often formed from stem ticc-, tig-.

I In O.Ir. usually with direct object (freq. an infixed pron. in accus.) comes to, approaches, denoting motion (physical or figurative).

(a) With pers. obj.: do-ss-icc seigh mar don muir, Anecd. i 70 . to-t-ic (do tic, v.l.) féil Iohannis, Fél. May 25 . ní ticed scís mo chnamai cid dian . . . nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . doticfa diliu trom, SR 2442 . toticfa dígal, 6855 . doforficfa foirit[h]in help will come to you, CCath. 3579 . dobicfat (doforfiucfad, v.l.) anbthine móra, Ériu ii 196 . túatha hÉrenn tairchantais | do-sn-icfed sídflaith núae, Hy. ii 19 . is ed rochreti cách duibsi . . . nachabticfed for rí, Ml. 46a14 . dommí co ndegairdib . . . mo c[h]ara cain may my friend come to me, ACL iii 221 . Michel uasal . . . doti for cech cái, Anecd. ii 52 . nachamthí bét nā bini, Ériu ii 92 . guidim-si . . . nachasti nach plāigh, Anecd. ii 34 . nām thí garga fri sluagh nArda may no resentment against . . . come to me, ACL iii 297 . cé do tísat morgressa, Ériu i 198 . co ndontisat a ndá trichaid cēt sin, TBC-I¹ 3066 . ma(i) domised-sa com thech | hua Mescain should come to me to my house, AU 617 . nicon fil frithorcain nachamthísed-sa, Ml. 107b8 . co nam tísad congain cride, ZCP v 497 . menim-thistais écne, Ériu v 210 . domanic ben maethainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 . isé ceta-domthanic who was the first to come to me, 2794 . boi C. ina otharligiu andside conatatanicc Senoll, 2735 . tainic anbthine mór a cobhlach, CCath. 162 . bennacht for cach donancamar everyone we have come to, Anecd. i 11 . tabraid far mbennachtain forsin flaith do-n-fáncid the prince to whom you have come, MU² 925 . dosfancadar uilc mora, CCath. 313 .

Rare in pass.: dammad ar galaib óenfir dosfístá Oengus, TBC-LL¹ 2818 (= do hionnsochtai, St.).

do-m-icc comes to me in sense of I getfrom): is deolaid a trian tic fer mbunaid the third which the original owner gets, Laws iv 180 . a trian tic na flaithi, Ériu i 214 . tomiced biad cach n-oen-aichde uaidib let them send me food, TBC-I¹ 1061 . do-micced mo dlighedh let me have my right, Laws i 82 Comm. domiced claideb úaib give me a sword, TBFr. 229 . ni-n-tiucba a ndonfarnic arráir we shall not get what we got last night, RC x 66 . minab samlaid thēis, roticfa (for rot-t.) cloch huaimse isin tailm, TBC-I¹ 795 . día tísat eóin Mag M . . . . duticfat thou shalt have them, LU 3272 ( SCC § 6 ). ingaib ifern . . . rothí (= rotthí) nem so shalt thou gain heaven, ZCP vi 265 . acht co nomthi oen-poicc (for oen pócc?) duit provided I get a kiss from you, RC xxiv 198 . con-nachamthised uait acht oen-lám that thou shouldst use only one hand against me, RC iii 184 . bid fō lim tomissed comardha n-uait that thou shouldst send me a token, TBC-I¹ 925 . ara tisad a fīr cāch everyone should get his right, Laws i 152 . maic bic . . . resíu tosni a aicneth (= priusquam impellat natura), Ériu vii 144 . cuman lim amal domáinic labrad how I learned to speak, Imr. Brain ii 293 . co namthí techt do nemdaib till I gain entrance to heaven, Ériu vi 115 . Cf. also: Buarannach mac E. a síth L. domanaicsea I am B. from the fairy-mound of L., MacCongl. 75 (replacing atom-comnaicc, see 1 ad-cumaing).

(b) With obj. denoting place, destination, aim: hi ngrellig donnicc echrad rig to which the horses of a king come, TBC-I¹ 3545 . ba fornocht talam eturru ┐ daneccad hUlaid re fuined ngrēne reach it, TBC-I¹ 3418 . in tan tanic in ṁBruig ṁbúain, Ériu vii 223 . mac is amru tánic Laigniu riam, RC xiii 373 . do neoch nā toracht ┐ nā tanic an dunad, TBC-I¹ 3409 . tancatar a tech, Hy. v 53 . co tancatar Temraig, RC iii 182 . ? cén co tisam dutracht lind though we achieve not our desire, SG 45 .

co ticci till thou comest (to): condid-ticci till thou comest to it, Wb. 24b5 . rob áil damsa do dula-su co tici fail i fil Emer, TBC-I¹ 2425 . settai mná Ulad uli co nomthici-sea till thou comest to me, i.e. except me, FB § 24 . Usually as prepositional phr. as far as, up to, till: focheird C. tri bidgu ina ndiaid cotici in n-ath, TBC-I¹ 1324 . co tici Ath Da Fertai, 2135 . co ticci a dorn, 3163 . do sárluag . . . co tici do chutrommae up to thy full value (weight), TE 13 (LU). dochoid-si . . . codicce Dun S., TBC-I¹ 1317 . táinicc Brian hi Midhe co ticci Loch nA., AFM ii 728 . Cf. mod. gonuige up to, as far as, and co tí under II (a) infra.

II In Mid.Ir. and later lang. usually intrans. comes . So occasionally in O.Ir. glosses, e.g. Wb. 27c8 , 30d11 , Ml. 46a19 , and in the phrase co tí, Wb. 8d25 , 26a5 , 11 , Ml. 26a5 ; more freq. the obj. (person or destination) is replaced by a neut. infixed pron. inna persine dodiccfa, Wb. 29c4 . condid-tísed ind aimser, 21a1 . ciasidfiadat-som dundicfet in[na] fochaidi, Ml. 19b11 . ind aimsir dundicfitis Assair, 68a1 . So in the follg. exx.: fri snadud neich dodisad co n-airchetul who should come with poetry, TBC-I¹ 594 (YBL). is bráth fri bidbadu dodanic ann, 3192 . in laech dodanic, 3205 , cf. 3214 , 3216 . ba hé Cáilte dodánic, Imr. Brain i 48 . is bruthmar a bara in chaurad dadanig and, TBC-I¹ 3277 . is leth gliad dandanic (= dond.) and, 3252 . fíad ind óclaig dundánic, Imr. Brain i 47 . ar cind cach tascuir dodanic, Laws i 48 Comm. The freq. use of and thither, there in combination with this infixed pron. shows that the force of the latter was early lost. The orig. trans. construction leaves its trace further in Mid.Ir. and even later in the freq. occurrence of a nugatory infixed obj. pron.: dafic C. chucu, TBC-I¹ 561 (LU = doficc, YBL). nostic immach he comes forth, Ériu iv 100 (ergid, v.l.). dusfic Eoin gusin gcuid oile do na hapstaloibh, Fl. Earls 116 . a hArd C. dusfánaicc go Cenel Conaill, Hy Fiach. 76 . nostecat 'na ndáil, Ériu iv 106 . dusficceat darsna múraibh, AFM vi 2214 .

(a) In lit. sense: lion ticcthi tar tuile theinn as many of you as come, BS 20 . na fir-sea thecait anair who come from the east, Imr. Brain ii 288 . cech slamsrúam thened doniged ina bél asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1947 . do choistecht fri timna | tictis isna sabbóteib, SR 4596 . doticdis na bāi . . . for ingeilt . . . a crich Dal R., Corm. Y 585 . dia tí iall i mag, TBC-I¹ 1168 . ticfa tálcend dar muir, Hy. ii 21 Comm. ( Thes. ii 314 ). muna dtíosadh aingeal Dé do nimh, Ériu i 91 . intan tíos aríss when I come back, Lism. L. 2297 . mina ticte-sa beo tar h'ais if you should not come back alive, ZCP vi 82 . ticfat a cind da colaind they shall lose their heads, CRR 22 . co tanic a inchind fora chluasa, TBC-I¹ 810 . fada ód' thír tangais alle, BS 58 . robá i ngalar ┐ tancabair dom torroma, RC iv 246 . roiarfuig doib canas tancatar, Hy. iv Pref . romarbhsat an manach ┐ tangattar iter a cend ┐ a cholann (i.e. beheaded him?), BNnÉ 41 . táncatár a traigthe co mbatar da éis turned backwards, TBC-I¹ 1932 . With co: acht co tís chucund provided thou come to us, RC iii 181 . ir-richt eoin ticed Uictor aingel co Patraic, Hy. ii 8 Comm. tainic Fergus co a pupall, TBC-I¹ 2313 . cach anmanna . . . doticed dochum nAdaim, SR 1116 . tanic nell chuice she swooned, MacCarthy 66 = dosfánic nél, SR 1637 .

Of seeds, sprouts, comes forth: tig síol is táire is ní thig | gráinne ríogh isan roilig 'a humbler seed sprouts in the graveyard but the seed of kings sprouts not', Giolla Brighde 28 § 23 .

Mid.Ir. do-icc (remi) advances, proceeds: tanic F. remi da pupull, TBC-I¹ 2419 . tainic roimhe fón toichim sin, BS 10 . táncatar rompu assan bhaile, Acall. 47 . tangadar rempo co hāth in c[h]omlaind, TBC-I¹ 2325 , 2472 , 2517 ; CRR 10 .

co tí lit. until . . . comes as prep. until: co tí in firbrithem, Wb. 8d25 . co tí lae messa, Ml. 26a5 . co tí Pátraic, Trip.² 2086 . ni fuil noeb conní a airde | co tí in Coimdiu, ACL iii 303 . óndiu co tí bráth until Doomsday, TBC-I¹ 2254 , cf. 2653 . co ti in brath(a), MR 174 . ticfa am . . . gid fada gairid go tí, Fianaig. 74.13 . o chruthughadh an domhain go dtigh so till now, Hard. i 206 .

Comes back, returns: sochaide scaras fria choemu . . . ┐ meni thiset uli i n-imslánti, TBC-LL¹ 197 . ond úair do-chúaid for conair cosin n-uair donánic, TTr.² 527 .

In fig. sense, of transition to a state, mental activity, etc.: doficfad Ulaid asa noeindin, TBC-I¹ 1077 . is minca teagaid locht an fiabrais seo cum beathadh nā cum bāis, 23 P 10, 168rb4 . is roluath tig chum tormuigh it increases, 3 C 19, 33ra10 . gurob mar sin tiocfus . . . a n-aithne na gcúisi shall come to know the causes, 62rb3 . tanic for menmain dó a breth, PH 832 . tainic ar menmain do Stait . . . bunadh, etc. occurred to Statius, TTebe 8 . gurab ón Diabhal tháinig dó an tAifrionn do chur ar gcúl (the idea) came to him of abolishing, Eochairsg. 22 .

Of time, comes, arrives: o thig aghaidh when night comes, BS 30 . o thig laa, 32 . tan dusficc tiughlaithe neich, AFM vi 2184 ond úair thanic a amser when his time (to die) had come, SR 4972 . is demin tánic mo lá my day (of death) has come, SG 91 . tainic dia fo chend a saogal, óir . . . do benadh a gcinn uile díbh their last day came, ALC ii 386 .

By extension, comes to an end, is spent (most freq. in pret.): a n-écmais do beith agum co tí an bliadhain till the year comes to an end, Imr. Brain i 67 . co táinicc trath don ló ┐ don laithe (leg. dond aidchi?) foesin (i.e. till twenty-four hours had elapsed), Moling 8 . tháinicc mórán don lá the day is far spent, Mark vi 35 . Cf. do-icc as (iii).

do-icc dom comes to me, befalls me: co ti taem dot daenacht duit may some stirring of thy humanity visit thee, ACL iii 243 . na ticfad d'ulc ┐ do maith dam all the evil . . . that might fall to me, CRR 11 . dofánic faindi dó, Ériu iv 154 . iarsin tánic galar glan, | feib tic do cach, for Adam, SR 2026 . anfud mór tanic do C. . . . co roattaig Brigit co tísad féth do, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). tangattar doibh na huile so iar mbreithir Ruadháin, BNnÉ 16 . Rarely with LA in this sense: na trí fochaide ata annsom doticfad la Ultu the three worst pests that would befall Ulster, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 . atraig C. ┐ dofancatar a ḟerga lais, TBC-LL¹ 1982 .

Of states, events, etc., in general comes about, takes place, happens: ní thig re ré an raimheic ríogh | gníomh ar nar ainic sé an slógh, DDána 91.11 . gur tria n-a aimsiughadh . . . tainic marbadh dhuic de B., Fl. Earls 136 . bidh fis gach neich nadurtha ag na heolchaibh sul tigid siad ann, Ir. Astr. Tr. vi 6 . táncatar sain uile ó Media all these things came to pass through M., LL 221b21 ( TTr. 325 ). is aes ingine macdacht insin ┐ ni thangadar a fhergnima beos, TBC-I¹ 363 . dona tomhadhmannaib tangatar re a linn i nEirinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 54 . fios na neithedh nách táinig knowledge of the future, Ó Héodhusa 155 .

Comes into being, arises, originates: nia duine tiucfae will arise (of Christ), Corm. Y 959 . tiocfa sāi da c[h]loinn dia ēis | bhenfus do chāch a coibhēis, ZCP viii 109 . ar na huilibh da ttainig ┐ da ttiocfa, Luc. Fid. 49 . a chlērigh is ferr tainec thou best of clerics ever born, ZCP viii 302 . conid tainic Senchas Mar was established, Laws i 40 . ag so mar tháinig Béibhionn the descent of B. was as follows, Keat. iii 4041 .

Comes to pass, is fulfilled: táinig tairngire Chiaráin, Arch. Hib. i 83 . táinic in tarrngairi áigh, | táilginn treabsat Cluain Cesáin, Acall. 499 . táinic in tairngiri doronadh dam, D IV 2, 44ra39 . See also under tairngire.

In certain cases do-icc is loosely employed to denote state, development, etc., almost in sense is, becomes, etc.: tig ag Bodhmainn dha bhiathadh he is with B. for his feeding, is fostered by B., Duan. F. i 33 . cionnas tig Eire gan Aodh? how does Ireland get on? Ériu viii 85 . bith a ḟis ag S. gurub maith tainig cruithneacht na mbráthar has thriven, grown, JRSAI ii 360 (1858-9) . bid dis deireoil thu . . . ┐ na tis tar triar chaidchi thou shalt never come past three (i.e. shalt never have more than three descendants living at a time), Lec. 126a18 . tic sin timchell cheithri mile . . . ponnta amounts to, Fl. Earls 178 . cuic seoit .i. da tecait dā ba which amount to two cows, Laws iv 148 Comm. See IGT Verbs § 7 .

Escapes, recovers (also with prep. AS, see (c) below): tinnes . . . ┐ ticc fa dheoigh, C IV 2, 11b4 . dogheibh cunntabhairt bháis ┐ tiuccfaidh, 23b6 .

ní ticc it is not possible: ó nach tig riar an dá rann | gan bheith diomdhach since I cannot agree to both sides, Content. ix 17 . eimealtus romor . . . innus nach ticeann turoisimh 'n-a laeighi do dhenamh so that the patient cannot remain lying down, 23 P 10, 3a49 .

With adj., etc., as pred. almost equivalent to subst. vb.: dotí mac fir in baile slán, ZCP ix 485 . is midlachda tánac, TBC-LL¹ 1279 . tig ót omna ḟaidchennaigh | an chomhla 'na codchannaib the door is shattered, IGT Decl. ex. 69 .

Various idioms: do-icc cride (for) relents, is moved (towards, by): tic craidhe in chléirig gan cheilg | gur réidig as [a] ardfheirg, SG 27 . tic croidhe ┐ inntinn an righ for ghnúis an mhacaoim, BNnÉ 183 . tainig cridhe Moeog fuirte . . . ní tainic cridhe an righ for Moeog, 187 . tanic a n-aicned co mor forro ┐ ba truag leo a toitim, TTebe 3125 . d.¤ i tir gets on, succeeds: mar thigid i dtír, Ó Bruad. ii 170 ; cf. Gadelica i 64 and see 1 tír.

(b) Commonly used in impers. pass. where agent is indefinite: ní tegar dom airfidedh none cometh to make music to me, BS 84 . mina thistar a nēllaib . . . dot indsaigid, nā (leg. ní?) ticfaider anair nā 'niar dot indsaigid, TBC-I¹ 2510 . co tistar ó Dia do nim | d'ordugud mo chuirp, SR 2055 . gidmait . . . co tístar óm Tigerna . . . do cosecradh mo thóedan, Moling 71 . décce dún ammag na tistar chucund cen aicsin lest anyone come to us unseen, RC ii 185 . cumad o Dia tista do breith na muici, ZCP xii 399 . muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918 . ní tiocfuighthior chuige le holc he shall not be visited with evil, Proverbs xix 23 . ó rofitir M. co ticfaidthea ina degaid that he would be followed, SG 404 . ba maith inti cusa tancus annsin .i. Fiachra, RC xxiv 184 . tancas o Ḟind dom chungidsa, TBC-LL¹ 26 . tangas amach o mac A. da radha a message came out, Cog. 210 . tangus ó shíol M. ar cend R. . . . do thabairt righe dó, AFM iii 86 . tangus orrtha le pícibh they were attacked, Rel. Celt. ii 188 . do thángathas ar gach taoibh people came on every side, ITS i 28 . in túisig risi táncas in techt `the leader with whom the expedition had arrived', LL 221a23 ( TTr. 292 ). ragaid limsa mu drutha . . . ┐ in lín dancus lim uile, Lib. Flav. i 26va38 . dothæt in rigan . . . ┐ ba caem tancas andsin for cach mbuada 'twas a fair coming, Aen. 722 . nir thigthi dho anall he should not have to come, MS. Mat. 542 ( Lec. 167a ).

(c) Idiomatic uses with various prepp.

With AR

(i) speaks of, touches on, mentions (also with TAR, see below): ag so mar thig Policronicon ar an ní gcéadna, Keat. iii 25 . is é so an comhartha ar a dtig Eoin san seachtmhadh caibidil, Eochairsg. 39 . tancamar ar a lān do briathraibh CC. we have related, BCC 362 . ar an ttres n-athcuinghid tigther ann so, Ó Héodhusa 100 .

(ii) agrees on: in ní ar a táinic O Néill ┐ misi re céili, O'Gr. Cat. 57 . táinic ar a chomhadhaib uile dó agreed to all his terms, ML 146 . tángadar leath ar leath ar na cuir ┐ na slánaibh sin dh'á chéile, 8 . gach nidh ar a dtángadar na hAithreacha d'aonintinn, Eochairsg. 21 .

(iii) begins with (in gramm.): an focal tig ar fearn, IGT Introd. § 73 . .h. as lomadh don fhocal tig ar ghuthaidhe, § 18 .

(iv) falls on, devolves on, pertains to: ar teora ferba tic so applies to, Laws i 68 Comm. ni horum-sa ticc guide ar bur son, BCC 282 . ainm . . . nach tiu[c]fad acht ar drochduine would be applicable to, 53 . Cf. also: rochuala-som int éces oc gúmháidim ala n-aile [ṅ-airec] n-inganta amail bid hé bodessin ar dorissed (no ara tísead) (`of whom he spoke' O'Don.; to whom it pertained?), Corm. s.v. leithech (= arahíssed who invented it, YBL).

With ASS

(i) comes out, escapes: (impers.) bróga . . . ní thig asta, is ní chrapaid le láin-teas (i.e. they neither come off, being too loose, nor shrink), O'Rah. xviii 24 . gach ní as a dtigtir `from which an escape is got' (?), Content. xxii 4 . da dtí as . . . muna dtí as recovers , 23 K 42, 347.20 .

(ii) results from: as dá maidhm . . . tig an tír do thiormochadh, Content. vi 69 . da ticfadh as sin co scrisfaide na healadhna, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8 .

(iii) runs out, comes to an end: tánic in bliadain ass fói sin, SG 237 .

With DE

(i) comes, arises from, depends on, is consequent on, due to: ni maith na airm-se . . . ni thic mo dingbail-se di sodhain my equivalent comes not therefrom (i.e. `they are not worthy of me'?), TBC-LL¹ 1094 . isé rí na Temrach túaid, | isé in triath da tic al-les from whom her welfare depends, LL 306b19 . de thainig a thiughlaithi, MacCarthy 420 . tainig tairmesg na duaine desin, Laws v 230 Comm. na minpheacaidh . . .tig díobh na fíréin do bheith i dteine phurgadóra, Eochairsg. 117 . ni thicfa dím-sa . . . a ndul uaitsiu I will not be the cause of their going from you, FDG 612 . go mbudh de sin do thiocfadh na glais do sgaoileadh that would cause the fetters to burst asunder, Eochairsg. 113 . dothicfad dia n-imut nach biath anóir forro such would be their abundance that they would not be valued, Marco P. 105 . gémadh é a oidedh no thiacht de though his death should be the consequence, ZCP xiv 228.6 (leg. nothísad?). dusfainicc dia fertoibh ┐ mhirbuilibh go ttarla toirrches don mbanrigain, Fl. Earls 222 . tainic da righi nertmhar | táth Erenn re haon-shechtmhuin, ZCP xi 42 .

By extension, (ii) do-icc dím it comes from me, i.e. I am able (to): inund són ┐ daic dím which is as much as to say `I am able for it', CRR 44 . ni thic do neoch molad do denum dó, FA 1 (LB). atcualamar . . . co ticc dit remhaisneis cach neith ticfa isin domum, CCath. 4040 . ni thic d'innscne aentengad . . . túr na teist na tuaruscbail Domnaill, MR 182 . ni mō nosticc do Thuirnn a loscad inā loscad in mara T. can no more burn them than he could the sea, Aen. 2032 . rí nime naemhainglech dá tig gach ní who can do all (from whom all proceeds?), ZCP viii 203 . ni thicfa dibhsi anum do thabairt ina dáinib romarbsabar, RC xiv 36 . is iat-sin lānemain dia ticfa mo lesugud-sa, ZCP i 103 . diambad áil dait ticfad dít Ulaid do sídugud, MU² 169 . ni rabi 'sin domun . . . oenḟer da tisad diṅgbail Achil, LL 244a28 ( TTr. 2038 ). achd go dtí dhíom mo thuras . . . do choimhlíonadh, Acts xx 24 . acht co tisa[d] de iomus forasna ┐ dicetal, etc. provided he knew (could practise), Anecd. ii 76 . rogheall a chobhair dia ttíosadh de, AFM vi 2056 . dús an ttiseadh dhe a bfurtacht if he could help them, Hugh Roe 300 . ba derbh leo, dia ttiseadh da nach n-aon oile a bfoirithin . . . combadh dhe a aenar dusfiucfedh if anyone could help them, he and he only could, 278 . gi bec fogla do tigfad de ra Gallaib however little injury he might be able to inflict on the foreigners, Cog. 60 . do Dhia táinic a thoirmesg, BS 6 . is dod gaiscedh-sa tanic in sīdh ūd do dēnum, ZCP vi 49 . go dtiocfadh dhí féin . . . Curaoi do bheith i n-uathadh sluagh she herself would contrive that C. should have few warriors, Keat. ii 3495 .

Note also: tánic de coa mnaí fessin, LU 3267 ( SCC § 6 ). Cf. next par. section (iii).

With DO

(i) falls to, befalls , see above.

(ii) pertains to, applies to, suits: is deas thiocfadh culaidh den bfaision so duit, GJ iv 29 . as follus . . . go tainicc an briathar adubairt Pol . . . do C. C. applied to, BCC 424 . go dtáinic sé dom' aois leigean dom dhíth ceille it became my age to give free course to my folly, ITS xvii 220 . In impers. constr.: ? ma dic dula dam-sa if I can go, Ériu vii 222 . claon cum . . . siubhail for thalamh coimhightheach le dtiocfadh dhó níosa fearr where he will succeed better, Corp. Astron. 132 .

(iii) do-icc dom co . . . (impers., see Celtica ii 216 ) it is time for me to . . ., I arrive at, attain to: acht tised doib co oes ferdatad provided they reached manhood, TBC-I¹ 505 (LU). ó thánic dóibh co dérgud when it was time for them to go to bed, FB § 80 . co tainic co tabairt a n-airm doaib when they had all things ready for plying their arms, Laws i 250 . o thanic dó co dul dochum nime when his time came to go to heaven, Anecd. i 44 . o thánic doib cusin aidche Sathairn when the eve of Saturday arrived, Ériu ii 204 . ó thainigc cusna dédenchu dó-som when his end was at hand, BColm. 106 . o thainicc dhósomh gusna deighencha, Hugh Roe 262 .

With FO

(i) opposes, impugns (Laws): int ap tic fo coraib who impugns the contract, Laws i 52 Comm. ni theacait fo curudh, v 224 Comm. co ma fon uiliataid tista and `to the entire action objection could be made', 184 Comm.

(ii) do-icc fúm it occurs to me, I form the notion, project (of): tainic fai a breith ar eigin co minicc he often thought of carrying her off by force, Lib. Flav. i 33vb (cf. PH 832 ). cidh teichedh do thísadh fútha, CCath. 1745 .

With FRI

(i) comes against, withstands, opposes, injures: ní bía a nert ar nech fo nimh | óir ticc ríu nert Dé dhūiligh, BNnÉ 255 . ní thicfad ri forngaire ind ríg, LL 220a27 ( TTr. 222 ). dia tístais firu in domain frim-sa ní thicfad Congal, MR 12 . ni bāi do dūilib Dē dil | dūil nothissed fri ar menmain | . . . acht int angbaid Lucifur, SR 1510 . tiocfaidther ret' rath ┐ bid é torad do bhronn tiocfus riut, SG 395 . cret ticc ritt? what ails thee? TE 7 (Eg.). rofiarfaigh L. dhi cread tainic fría what had happened to her, Ériu v 80 . an trath teagar reisin ngaili o rotheasaid[e] when the stomach is affected through excessive heat, 23 P 10, 141vb22 . annamh tréan nach dteagthar ris, Dánta Gr. 53.2 . ar oman co tiucfaidhe frib ó Dia uel ó duine for fear you might meet with a reverse, O'Gr. Cat. 132 . tiocfa crochadh an Ríogh riú, A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 9 .

(ii) submits to, agrees to (with), freq. in Laws Comm.: in tan tic-sium re dliged submits to law, Laws iii 116 Comm. . tegaid ar aen re dliged comruic `appeal to the law of combat', v 150 Comm. . co tisat fri dlighedh, i 106 Comm. . cia notisad ria aithrigi, 10 Comm. . in ni nā tainic nō nā tudchad frí breithir nDe did not agree with, 38 Comm.

Later with RE (LE) concurs, agrees with, suits: tigim ris an reachd gur maith é I consent unto the law, Romans vii 16 . fá an ní ré dtig se which he alloweth, xiv 22 . tig Camden féin leis an bhfreagradh so, Keat. i 58 . gur beag d'úghdaraibh thig ré chéile ar chomháireamh na haimsire, 86 . mar nach tigid na príomhúghdair seo le n-a chéile, 88 . ní thangadar a bhfíadhnuisidhe le chéile, Mark xiv 56 . ge tic apium ┐ alues le cele da rēr a serui though parsley and aloes agree in pungency, Ir. Astr. Tr. 72 . ní thig an preabán núa-éuduigh leis an tsein-éudach, Luke v 36 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum | ar mhaoidhis d'oideacht oram that the teaching you boasted of giving me would suit me, Content. ix 5 . tainic celmaine Brenainn leis an faistine, BNnÉ 291 . nach ticfidís naeimh eile Erend re cinel Conaill mar tainic se féin les, BCC 275 . tig siad go maith le bheith 'na mbráithre they make good friars, Corp. Astron. 66 .

With LA; late Mid.Ir. ticc limm I am able (to), succeed (in): da ticed let a chosc dīm, ZCP vi 100 . ní thicfadh linn a rímh, i 424 . ionnus go dtiocfadh linn bunadhas cinidh Scoit do lorgaireacht, Keat. i 224 . go dtáinic le mnaoi a mhealladh, Gadelica 241 . tigthear le sunnradh do bheith san iollradh it is possible for . . . to be . . ., IGT Introd. 7 . Common in Mod.Ir. Cf. further: gach a ffuarus d'olc leo | tiucfaidh liom géin bam beo `will come against me' (= t. frim? or `will remain with me' = I will not forget?), Duan. F. i 21 .

With ó

(i) comes (safe) from, escapes from: ní thainic aón duine . . . ona chomlann riamh no one ever came safe from combat with him, Ériu v 174 . uatha ní tigthear le tóir, O'Hara 2364 . na daoine do gheabaid bás ┐ na daoine thiocfus on esláinti, 24 P 3, 169.9 .

(ii) comes from, i.e. is stated by: amal tic o Beid i n-a stair as Bede states, YBL 166b1 . is ed tic ó Ísu sund, PH 7953 .

With TAR

(i) transgresses, violates: cipé tí dar recht na ríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 18 . cid bé rí tí tar an saoirese, BColm. 44 . ní meisi ticfa tairis (of a truce), Moling 64 . is túscu rofaemomaisne sin inás do tiocfámais tar in mbreithir doratsum re Poimp, CCath. 1682 . o thanuc-sa dar timna nDé, PH 4019 . táncadar thar decrachaib ┐ tara cointindib na hecailse, RC xvii 154 (Tig.). cach fír dar ná tecar slán that is not transgressed with safety, Metr. Dinds. iii 6 . tuc-somh ratha tar nach ticthe do na tréinferaib inviolable pledges, SG 356 .

(ii) overcomes, subdues: ní ardadh fris trén ar nách tísadh (darna tisad, v.l.) whom he did not overcome, CCath. 359 . ní tarla friu tren tar na tiostais, AFM vi 2280 . Caisel an urláir do dhénamh lá comharba C.C. . . . ┐ dobhert mallacht forsan tí no thiocfadh thairis `would come over it' (attack, destroy?), ii 1146 .

(iii) touches on, mentions, speaks of: tic Oengus issin broluch tar bás Donnchada, Fél. 8 . teagaid seacht n-airtegail díobh tar dhiadhacht airdríogh na ríogh deal with , Ó Héodhusa 8 . ní tháinig áon duine thairis ós áird spake openly of Him, John vii 13 . na luinge Saxanaighe sin tar a ttangamar thuas spoken of above, AFM vi 2096 ; 2046 . Oliuerus da[ra] ticer (tara tegur, v.l.) go minic agaibh-si of whom ye often speak, Fier. 27 . adubhrais . . . ag teacht duit tar Eoghan mhór, Content. iii 22 .

(d) With adverbs. do-icc istech (mod.): muna ttí an tairrngire asteagh don Domhnall so unless the prophecy comes home to (is verified in) this D., 3 C 13, 814.13 . fáisdine athar, más fíor | tiocfa asteagh d'oighre an airdríogh, 18 . tiocfaidh an aimsir isteach go maith the weather will turn out (?) all right, Corp. Astron. 58 . a ré go dtiocfadh is teach `till his own day would come', PBocht 50 § 35 . do-icc istech ar (i n-) comes in on, interferes with, assails: ceathrar do shliocht Éibhir | tig tar ghealladh ortha isteagh, Content. vi 88 . do bhi aon mharcach . . . ag techt astech do shíor ionnta who constantly attacked them, Rel. Celt. ii 198 . do-icc suas (le) comes up (with), overtakes (mod.): tángadar suas le cailín óg, GJ iv 94 .

III In Mid.Ir. occas. for do-beir gives (see Meyer, ZCP xii 426 ; Thurn. Hdb. xiv 421 ; IGT Verbs §§ 5 , 14 ): ticimm bulli de frissin comlaid I deal a blow with it, MacCongl. 87 . tic uball dó, 51 . tig a láim dar[a] agaid, 109 . ticc an clerech aithne fair, Cog. 92 . ? gabais Gabriel . . . co hogh-Muiri | tic sanais da Muiri, gabais 'na craidi, ACL iii 244 . tic D. a beannacht a n-ucht an duine, 321 . ferais fáilti re T. ┐ tic póc dó, Imr. Brain i 64 . gabus Eba int uball bán | tig a cert-leath dá compán, Ériu iv 114 . tiucub duib na tuaruscbail na tarbcodnach `I will give you the description', MR 184 . he dobēra commain dam, is me ficfas commain do I will give him the sacrament, Anecd. ii 30 .

IV In Mid.Ir. occas. = do-ucci understands, etc. (see do-beir): rofitamar-ni ┐ donigemm co ndernsam peccad frit-sa, LB 224a54 . gibe neach da ticfad co foirfi cercalla . . . na firmaminti, da thicfad (do tiugfed, v.l.) nādūir na firmaminti co huili, Ir. Astr. Tr. 76 . dogēn fidair . . . as a ticfither an t-eclipsis co follus, 94 .

do-slucai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-slucai or dil.ie/18464

 

v (*to-sluc-) swallows: tabraid far téig i talmain ┐ dú dada-slugai is isin port biéid the spot which swallows it up, Trip.² 813 .

drinnrosc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drinnrosc or dil.ie/18716

 

Forms: drindrosc, drind, drindrosc

n Also drindrosc o, n. later m.? n p. usually -ruisc, -roisc, but -rosci, BDD § 8 ( YBL 91b ), -roisci, H 3.18, 529 . Synonymous with 1 indrosc and rindrosc (-ruisc?) (q.v.) which sometimes appear as variant readings for it. Wish, request, boon demanded, usually in return for quarter given; but in BDD § 8 used of gifts demanded by a mother on the birth of a child from the father; in Ériu iii 138.92 (Expuls. of the Déisi) the terms rindruisc and indrosc apply to gifts claimed by a woman as her marriage-portion; cf. also ZCP viii 311.26 , where an `indrosc' is asked for apparently without any equivalent boon. Almost always accompanied by numeral trí (for an exception see ZCP viii 311 ), though in some cases only one or two boons are subsequently specified. Acc. to Zimmer ZCP i 94 n. lit. `rosc' of contention, drind being g s. of 1 drenn quarrel, rosc either eye or (more probably) saying, utterance; so also Corm. s.v. indrosc . The form rindrosc (or rindruisc; only the pl. occurs), which is less freq. than the other two, may have arisen through association with rosc eye, as though the meaning were apple of the eye. Possibly the orig. word was indrosc, drindrosc being due to assimilation of the numeral trí which nearly always preceded it (for an analogous case cf. drilind above). Defined: .i. itchi nó athchuingi, H 3.18, 649b ; .i. roga choice, Laws i 72.5 . In all the follg. exx. except the last the boons are demanded in return for sparing life: anmain in anmain a Chuchulainn, or se. Tabar mo thrí drindrosc (drinnroisc, Eg.) dam dano, ol C. Rotbiat, ol se feib dothaíset latt aináil, FB § 87 (three boons are then asked by C.; acc. to Henderson in his note ad loc. ITS ii 109 the last sentence of the quotation means that they were to be asked at one breath). bās huassut, ol se. to trí drinnroisc (rindroisc, v.l.) dait, al si, fep tissed liat anail (.i. do trí rogain ruisc feb conaitecht lat anail, v.l.), ZCP iii 252 § 71 (Tochm. Emire) (the wishes are not specified). mo trí drinnruisc (indrosc, rindroisc, v.l.) damsa, ol se. Rotbiad amoil notistais lat anail, or si, 254 § 76 (three boons are then asked). co tartath a tri drinnroisc (indrosc, v.l.) ndo, 251 § 70 (three requests follow). tabraid ar ndtri drinnrusc douinni, ol ind o[i]cc. Rob-bia, ol in triar ingen, acht nip innili, Táin Bó Reg. § 2 Eg. ( IT ii2 227 ), where YBL reads: tabair mo tri lanḟocull dam-sa, ar M. Amal no naseca do thenga rodbia acht beatha, ar an ingen (no wishes specified in either text). mo thrí drinnrosc (drinnruisc, Eg.) damsa, ol C. Rodbia, ol in ingen. Ar is ed rocinded dam inillius frim, ol C., .i. sídh ┐ córa do beth edraind ┐ do beith do aenmhnai ocum, RC vi 175.31 . mo trí drinnroisc (.i. roga), ol F. Rotbiah, ol int abac, acht [nach] ní bes ecmacht duind, Laws i 72.5 (only one boon is asked in sequel). batar he a tri drindrosci (drindruisc, St.) forsin rig .i. altrom a maic eter [t]heora aicce, BDD § 8 (a single request, but involving a triplicity).

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