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ainidan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainidan or dil.ie/1395

 

adj (idan) impure: anidan .i. an-idan .i. an fo dīultad, idan immorro .i. idon ab eo quod est idoneus .i. tairisi , Corm. Y 78 . escoman .i. anidhan, O'Dav. 462 . cith anidan ind cách is idan sancto `though all (who bring it) be impure it is pure for him who is holy', Mon. Tall. 160.1 . ro indarb P. . . . an treide so (i.e. Teinm Laega, etc.) onaib filedaib . . . uair rob anidan, Laws i 44.14 Comm. ainidun cech necubus ii 2.5 . anidan gach nanfoltach cidh mórda, O'D. 553 (H. 3.17, 437) `wanting full legal status', Plummer MS. notes.

As subst. ainced idnu cuimriged essidnu (ainidnu v.l), Tec. Corm. § 2.16 . go nemhdhidion gach ainiodhain, Ériu xiii 18.3 . dligid anidhan urchailedh, Anecd. iii 14.20 .

aititiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aititiu or dil.ie/2815

 

Forms: aididi

n, f. vn. of ad-daim. aididi (ón umhla) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . act of acknowledging, admitting; acknowledgement .

(a) Legal meanings. Of recognition of ownership of property: deit[i]u didiu saegal comarba, a.¤ saegal a dó . . . is ann as rudradh o rosaigh co cuiciur, ZCP xii 363.19 i.e. when heirs to land succeed one another d. is the name of a claim to ownership made by the first, a.¤ by the second, see ZCP xv 347 . Cf. aiditiu .i. aith-dēti .i. dētiu iterum īar n-aditiu la nech ele prius , Corm. Y 36 . fuaslaicthi cach rudrad forsna hiadha aititiugh every prescriptive right that acknowledgement does not close is annulled, O'Curry 425 (H 3 18, 232a) = Laws v 496.2 . gellta dib . . . la C. . . . di detiu di comdetiu di aircsiu di a.¤ i.e. pledges were given for them by C. in regard to the various forms of claim (of stolen cattle), Laws i 64.8 . air naisc[id] re ┐ a.¤ ┐ degbal . . . is de ata . . . dilsighther for aititin, ZCP xiii 24.2 `Anerkennung (von der andern Seite) . . . bindet . . . festgehalten werde auf Grund von Geschehen-Lassen (von der andern Seite)', Bürgschaft 12 § 39 . nī bbuī dīlse na a.¤ la fer for n-ecrad `der Mann, gegen welchen (as) besetzt wurde, hatte weder Eigentumsrecht noch Zugeständnis (des Eigentümers)', ZCP xv 346 § 37 . dechmaid na aititin i.e. a testing period of ten days during which the defect in a purchased article could be brought to the notice of the seller, O'Curry 261 (H 3.18, 151). Of recognising a transaction: is iubaile aititen saire in sain (of the expiration of the term of agreement between lord and tenant), ZCP xv 240 § 3 . baeth cach crecas fri mac mbeoathar i necnairc a athar cen forgaire cen aititin i.e. it is foolish to deal with a son whose father is absent without securing a prior direction or acknowledgement (of the transaction) by the father, Laws iii 8 y . a n-aititin tighi fithi do denam ar a ferand, v 316.9 Comm. duine ro bai a naiditain fogla . . . do denam fris `who was cognizant of the commission of a trespass . . . against him', iv 50.7 Comm. sena iar na.¤ denial after acknowledgement (of a crime), iii 108.8 .

Technical term for a type of marriage where a simple acknowledgement (a.) by the father or family of the girl sufficed. A woman married in this way was known as ben (or bē) (n-)aititen and her status was lower than that of the cétmuinter. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 109 f. , Ir. Recht 27 f. ben aittiten aranaiscc fine, Ir. Recht 27 § 30 . ben aiteten nad aurnascar nad forngarar, 28 § 31 . mad iarnu urnadmaim no aititen dia finib, 64 § 4 . aititen .i. ad-daimther i nn-aithig tigi ┐ ni bi primben ┐ ni haurnascar, 4 § 2 .

G s. as attrib.: aithne n-aititen, a special kind of deposit , SM Facs. 55b40 ( Laws v 196.3 ). ? eoin aititin (leg. -en) `domestic fowls', Laws v 166.6 .i. cerca ┐ geodh, 19 Comm. aenach n-aiditan (sic) `an acknowledged fair-green,' 484.3 .

(b) In general sense: senae iar naititiu, Gael. 50, 129 ( Blathm. 396 ). co sid ┐ co tairisi do ┐ co n-aididin clemhnusa fris, Aen. 1610 . ferr atitiu acsin, RC xlv 23 § 25 = ferr aicsi aitidin, 86 § 72 . ? a.¤ (aidide v.l.) cech indraic, Tec. Corm. § 15.37 .

(c) act of submitting (do to); recognition, submission: fo dáigh a naitide do M. `because they had submitted to M.,' AFM ii 640.x . gan umhla gan aittidin, vi 2034.10 . do rinne gach uile aiditte ┐ umhla dó, ITS xvi 34.25 . cinuid sin do nach dlegar cis . . . acht atitiu nama `but were bound to give recognition only', Cog. 54.8 . do-beir a.¤ do submits to: tabhraidh aitídín dam-sa ┐ dober ceandus daibh, BB 22a27 . cia toíseach . . . da ttiubrattais umhla no aidide, AFM iii 366.13 . aen ammait . . . da tabratis uile aitite ┐ uaisle (Erictho), CCath. 3954 . ní thabuir cách aididi d'Áed, IGT Decl. ex. 186 .

ar-sissedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-sissedar or dil.ie/4312
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: arasissiur, arasissedar, arasisedar, -airisedar, arasissetar, -airesetar, arsissethar, -airissedar, arsissinn, aurisfemmar, [a]r-siasar, ar-sesar, arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, ar[s]isestar, -airsir, ar-sesatar, ar-said, arroissisiursa, arroisestar, arosiuir, aroisir, arrosir, tarrasair, -arrasar, arrastair, arrasair, airisid, airisem

v ( air-siss-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arasissiur, Ml. 41c3 . 3 s. arasissedar, 51b13 . arasisedar, Sg. 213b2 . -airisedar, 139b1 . 3 pl. arasissetar, Ml. 39b11 , 77b3 . -airesetar, Sg. 209b19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arsissethar (arsissetar MS), Ml. 120d19 . -airissedar, 131b4 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arsissinn, Ml. 44d26 . Fut. 1 pl. aurisfemmar, LL 13935 . ? Pret. 2 s. [a]r-siasar (-ir, -iur), Ériu xvi 179 § 1 , § 2 , § 3 . ar-sesar, xix 82 § 1 (or perh. subj. pass. sg. (with jussive sense) of ar-said, ib. 86 n. ). arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, O'Dav. 93 . ar[s]isestar, Ériu i 215.1 . -airsir, Mon. Tall. 150.28 . 3 pl. ar-sesatar , Ériu xix 83 § 7 (or subj. pass. pl. of ar-said, ib. p. 86 n. ). Perf. 1 s. arroissisiursa, Études Celt. xl 74 ( Ml. 88a9​ ). 3 s. arroisestar, 18d16 . arosiuir, RC xiv 245.5 , 246.19 ( arosisir, YBL 212b19 ). aroisir, 246.24 . arrosir, BB 499b36 = tarrasair, Alex. 1035 . -arrasar, LU 5811 = arrastair, TBC-I¹ 1340 . arrasair, LU 6621 .

Later as simple vb. airisid. IGT Verbs § 65 .

Vn. airisem.

Stays, stands fast, rests, remains: dú inairesetar `where they remain', Sg. 209b19 . mani airissedar ind lam fri talmain, Ml. 131b4 . roairisius-[s]a, Ériu iv 134.14 . airisiu sund bic co fessur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1399 . focherdat a trí cóecta bunsach fair ┐ arsisetar isin scíath slissen uli lesseom they all stick, LU 4875 (TBC). is amlaid ata in firmamint im talmain i nairisidh, Laws i 28.25 Comm. co ro airis in long sin n-inud irrabi, LL 221b49 . aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre, Corm. Y 35 . a roísir a láim forsan ersaind in tṡída, YBL 212b24 ( RC xiv 246.24 ). arsised íarum a cos Maile duin for folaig n-athloisc[th]e na hecailsi, RC ix 458.4 . atsisithar (arsisithar .i. doan) sist forsin port oc déchsain na hingine, ZCP v 524.28 (= assisedar, IT i 131.21 ). adre[ith] in sliabh foran sliabh n-aill ┐ airisis air remained there, Marco P. 8 . fairisidh a bhuime ┐ a aide la hUltu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 44.8 . ro loisccsed . . . Tuaim . . . ar na hairisdís Goill inntibh, AFM iii 34.x . do chuinghidh ferainn i n-oirisfemais, BNnÉ 298 § 43 . oirisit hi ffarradh Colmain, 299 § 43. comhnaigit ┐ airissit immorro an oidche sin., Fl. Earls 110.9 . airisidh agam `stay', Content. ii 7 . sréid Fergus Dubthach úad iarsin co n-arrasair di sruib fri budin anall alighted, LU 6621 . cona hédadh barr na bili . . . forsa n-airsed, Ériu xii 154.20 . ar-sesar Conchubar cētath `sat in the front seat', Ériu xix 82 § 1 . arsiasiur ri Mumhen mordescert fledtáighi, Ériu xvi 179 § 3 . arseser .i. dofeser ara belaib som isin carpat, O'Curry 508 (H 3.18, 258). ? arsiasaighther .i. innsaighi: ut est arsiasaither a bráthair Mugain .i. indsaigi ar amus a brathar, O'Dav. 93 . In sense of stops, desists, gives up: arsisetar na hoic ┐ rethaid ina suidi, IT ii1 174.17 . arsisetar (leg. arsisethar or arsisedar, ed.) Cuchulaind . . . ┐ angid na h-ocu C. desists and spares the youths(?), 175.48 . ? cach duine aridsisither ┐ nachid nanaigh, Laws iv 362.24 . Halts, delays: ni ro airisius co h-Ailech N. `I did not stay till . . .', MR 36.5 . ni ro hairiseadh leo go rangattar go dúrlas, AFM iii 16.1 . nīr hairissedh leō go riachtsat gusin Edāill, Fl. Earls 120.9 . Folld. by cen and vn.: ní oirisedh . . . gin triall a ndail Cublay insisted on going, Marco P. 85 . roairis go ceann na ree sin gan toidheacht don mhainisdeir he did not visit the monastery, ZCP v 495.7 . Endures, persists: arrosir a crodattu, BB 499b36 (= tarrasair, Alex. 1035 ). arsisither .i. tairisi, ut est nach mac soirche ┐ rl. arsisither a cin ┐ a rathas, O'Dav. 95 . fri re secht la airisis in ciaich sin, Marco P. 10 .

Other uses: airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu where the copper separated (?) from the javelin, LU 5811 = fochuridar a úma don chlettin, TBC-LL¹ 2073 = do cuiredh a umha [don chleitin], TBC St. 1847 . ind adarc dub bis mon gai is di arsisidar in gai imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu sa .i. ise isi ised is attached, Auraic. 1622 . cech ní atbera frib-si cretid uli do ┐ airissid fair keep to it, LB 151b13 . conid he ni for ar airis a menma that is what they decided, LB 157a41 . airis rit muntir a mic na flatha stand fast by, LL 297a47 ( SG 364.40 ). airisid fén fri fulang cecha doccumlai `continue to endure', PH 2406 . airised rium do mhenma give me your attention, RC xxxvii 345 § 10 . gach oen airisfes frib `whoever shall oppose you', CCath. 5163 . is o chorp ┐ nemchorp ro airis it consisted, Laws i 26.10 . airim forbthi in sin, uair airissid o choitibh co coir it consists of factors, Auraic. 1446 . a athair oiris gut chéill / . . . / breth dírech as dú do fhlaith `stand fast by thy wisdom', SG 124.33 . ni ro-airis-[s]ium oc forcetul `he did not leave off preaching', PH 2552 . airisis . . . ag dion, MR 274.15 . airis Fintan ic sloind seanchassa, Ériu iv 150.11 . airis for céill remain reasonable, FDG² 2.54​​​​​ .

Trans. cinnas ḟuirechlem cinnas aurisfemmar clessu, LL 13935 . ro airis Dia athair betha dó preserved his life, LB 157a47 .

brécaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brécaid or dil.ie/6614

 

Forms: bréicid

v (bréc) occas. also bréicid. deceives, leads astray; entices, seduces; decoys: fell a uerbo fello [fallo ?] .i. brego (sic), Corm. Y 634. ram bregsitar `they . . . have deceived me' (of sins), Ir. Lit. 6.5 . brécait ┐ sáebait na sluagu, LU 2205 ( FA 28 ). tres ros-hetla in bith buide / robrectha tria bangide, Rawl. 76a9 = trén . . . / ro bréctha tria banchuire, LL 17411. as mairg rosbrēgfa-san / an brēg a mbíad, ZCP viii 213 § 65. indis cia rot-breg tell who has seduced you, YBL 156b45 . co rosbréc dia póic phecda / do ṡaigthin a comleptha, Metr. Dinds. iv 44.25 . gur brégus Eaba `I . . . beguiled E.' (said by the Devil), Ériu iv 112 § 8. Note: a De uile cumachtaigh, or se, cuir as in loch tria breigter, conach raibh uisgi tria bithu sund by which people are deceived, RC xlvi 226.25 . Note also: Flaind (read a Ḟl-?) line nacham lūaidh / nād rotbréccat meschoin, ZCP viii 17.5 ( MS. Mat. 478 ).

In more favourable sense entices; coaxes: do bhreg he mar is ferr d'fed (= consolare, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 678. gach leanb bréagthar lé bhuimigh `every child can be coaxed', Dán Dé xv 5 . báoghal go mbréagfaid misi / a thoirbhearta tairisi that . . . will entice me, O'R. Poems 2945. fer lé mbrécthur banntracht `by whom ladies are beguiled', Studies 1920, 418.z. With prepp. mar brécthar séd a láim lenaibh as one wheedles a valuable article out of a child's hands, IGT Decl. ex. 706. bréagthar lé caraid Eoghain a coimhthionól Chiaráin é `E.'s friends enticed him to quit . . .,' Keat. iii 828. co robrēgai cosinn gāi mbulga decoyed him towards the g. b., Ériu i 118 § 11. do bhréag ón rosg a radharc `deprived it (the eye) of its sight', Dán Dé vi 30 . do bhrég . . . / glas mo thoile uam gan fhios, Rel. Celt. ii 242.y . do bhréagais mo dheor o m'rosg `coaxed the tears from my eyes', KMMisc. 49.25 . in duine ro bregustar in mac o gaire a athur, no ro bregustur in fer fine o dliged corusa fine, Laws iii 64.9 , 10 Comm.

coitechta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coitechta or dil.ie/10462

 

adj (-échta?) (com + téchtae) (equally) legal, proper, suitable: c.¤ .i. cutruma nó comdligthe, O'Dav. 469 . socur socubus iar na coir c.¤ according to proper legal procedure, Laws ii 360.1 . fiadain c.¤ indraice `gleich-zuständige', ZCP xiv 391.6 ( Laws ii 332.14 ). imain c.¤ a crich cen dichilt legal, open driving(?), Laws v 138.1 Comm. dia mbe coimét c.¤ , O'D. 1180 (H 2.15, 45(69)b). tairisi cerd coittéchta, Ériu xiii 35.23 . lepaid cotechta `suitable', Laws i 130.18 Comm. in cae is c.¤ do, iv 128.20 Comm. ? beit it chróthreib c.¤ (`populous'), Leb. Cert.² 158.6 . a coscar ní coidéchta (`incom- parable'), MR 210.6 .

As subst.: a coit echta (leg. c.¤) a fintiu his equal share from the tribal land, Laws iii 40.24 . i c.¤ selba `in lawful lands', O'Dav. 469 . fácbaim F. mac R. dáig a cotéchta, LU 9218 `his like privilege', FB 94 (Henderson).

1 cruth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cruth or dil.ie/13271
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: crotha

n u, m. g s. crotha. c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 72 . form, shape, appearance; beauty of form, shapeliness : c.¤ .i. gne . . . cia c.¤ is bunadh cach n-ae, O'Dav. 509 . dorosait grein crotha glain, SR 291 . do thaidbred a chrotha di to show himself to her, LU 10193 . comchutrumma . . . eter ch.¤ ┐ écosc, Fraech 8 . c.¤ cách co hEtaín, BDD² 43 . c.¤ a mban, BColm. 88.6 . eter ch.¤ ┐ deilb ┐ dechelt, LU 7472 ( BDD 102 ). c.¤ ceill in beauty and sense (rhet.), 8441 ( FB 30 ). saineamla cec doen a crut, Blathm. 8 . mesir eocha ar a méd sgeó crotha, Ériu xiii 41.z . direnaiter crotha cummai `díre is paid for maimed figures', BCrólige 64 . ríg rochrotha, Metr. Dinds. iii 366.18 . na crotha ilardha .i. find ┐ dub ┐ brecc, Anecd. v 23 n.l . crotha na ceall `condition', Ériu xviii 66 § 36 . F. . . . go lí ccroth, Duan. F. ii 16 § 5 . do chinn ar áile ┐ ar ch.¤ clainni na mban, Smaointe B. Chr. 5557 . do-chuaidh c.¤ maith a n-ēagcruth dhí `she changed colour', Celtica iv 71.250 . claochlōd crotha, ML² 1601 . fáilte . . . / do ch.¤ t'aighthe, DDána 19.12 . i gcrothaibh fallsa disguised , 26.29 . an cruithsin i dtarla an taobh, Aithd. D. 96.7 . rachuid as a cc.¤ = shall languish, Isaiah xix 8 . ga crotha dona ceartuibh ó mbeantur íad which grammatical forms they are derived from, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.12) .

In sense of misfortune, distress, etc. (cf. i c.¤ with follg. gen. infra): an rí i gcrothuibh dhar gcinn-ne (of Christ on the Cross), DDána 48.25 `cráidhte', Gloss. a ttrén do-chóidh a gcrothuibh, LBranach 6844 (see n.). do-chóid an bhraoin-eangsa i gcrothaibh céimionnsa `has come on hard mischances', Aithd. D. 35.2 . i gcrothaibh do-chuaidh, DDána 103.16 . do-cháidh a gc.¤ , O'R. Poems 1775 `became a mere shadow (?)', Gloss.

In prepositional phrases: a c.¤ mairb `as one dead', Grail 3828 . i gc.¤ neoil, DDána 17.12 . a cc.¤ airdreannaigh aieóir like, Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 4 . ar bhfaicsin Críost i gc.¤ bháis, DDána 16.5 . i gcrothaibh báis `on the point of death', Keat. ii 3198 . ar ndul dí i gcrothaibh cumhadh having given way to grief, A. Ó Dálaigh liii 3 . a c.¤ a beith . . . tairisipretending to be faithful to him, Expugn. Hib. 63 . i gc.¤ ghabhála Gaoidheal `about to rule all G.', Aithd. D. 3.7 .

In adverbial phrases. in ch.¤ so (sin etc.) in this etc. way, alailiu ch.¤ in another way (see GOI 161 ): isin ch.¤ sin bimmi nóibni, Wb. 3d27 . is inchrud sin rofitir . . . rúna dée gl. ita . . . cognovit, 8b10 . madinch.¤ sin beithe, 18b16 . saichi crud 'whatever way' Wb. 23 b 22 (a prima manu). isinch.¤so romboi dossom `it is thus that he has been', 33b1 . no isin ch.¤sa gl. uel certe ita, Ml. 44b16 . alailiu ch.¤ gl. aliter, 98d1 . nírubai nach c.¤ ailiu `it cannot be otherwise', Sg. 7b3 . conid gau dóibsem in ch.¤ sin, 40a15 . inchrutsin `in that manner', 63a14 . níbbad bind nach c.¤ ailiu `otherwise', 58b5 . inchrutsa gl. sícuti, 111a5 . luidseom . . . in c[h].sa, BDD² 153 . dia marbad ind c.¤ sin `in this fashion', Mon. Tall. 147.17 . baghaso an crutsa thus, ZCP viii 108.9 . céin bes in ben in c.¤ ucut, MU² 1047 . nī hinill do crāibdech airbera bith nach c.¤ la ṡōerbrāth fēin `in any way', ZCP iii 29.3 . fofrith ind ingin inc.¤so arrubartait `in the form', RC iii 345.16 . ba biodhba cech c.¤ `in every way', Blathm. 72 . Later with prec. prep.: . . . fo'n c.¤-sin thus, PH 814 . fon cc.¤ ccétna similiarly, Hugh Roe² 54.17 . do bheith san ch.¤-so, DDána 68.14 . Gaoidhil san ch.¤ chéadna-sain, 92.9 . a gníomh dá chora i gc.¤ proving it (?), Aithd. D. 46.10 . crú an ochta dá chora i gc.¤ nach . . . ensuring, 95.20 . ? an Bhanbha do bhiadh 'n-a ch.¤/ a labhra do Bh. `B. will be plainly seen calling for B.', 7.8 .

In quasi-conjunctional use (see GOI 546 ): c.¤ nandat chomsuidigthi `as they are not . . . ', Sg. 201b12 . in ch.¤ nandrann insce `as', 221b7 . inch.¤ donelltar mús `as mus is declined', 109a4 . con-eícdid doib c.¤ ropridchissem `how we have preached', Wb. 24c17 . c.¤ assechidi bethu et nebmarbtu, 29d24 . ronguil Caindlech, c.¤ rochar `even as she loved', Metr. Dinds. iv 238.41 . in c.¤ cétna rothairngert `in the same way', ii 30.56 . co méd mo chomairle / c.¤ codan-ic, ACL iii 220.31 . c.¤ roncuala as , Auraic. 5252 . c.¤ na tabair, Rawl. 115a28 . Críst, c.¤ ron-glea, Fél. Jan. 5 (`a form that may purify us').

With cía, cip, etc.: ci crud gl. quo modo , Wb. 24 a 9 (a prima manu) . ciac.¤ gl. quomodo, Thes. i 6.31 . rofitir ciach.¤ pridchimmeni, Wb. 24d5 . ciach.¤ forrassissiu gl. quomodo . . . proficisti, Ml. 38a9 . ciach.¤ nombiad inaicniud denma . . . `how could He be of a nature to do . . .', 17b26 . cia c.¤ ṁbias `how it will be', Sg. 147a4 . quatinus .i. cifot l. cic.¤ , ZCP vii 480.24 (Ench.¤ Aug.). cia cruthsaige (sic), Laws iv 68.19 . ciach.¤ fogebaid, SR 1131 . cia c.¤ rohilaigthi `how were they multiplied', Hib. Min. 8.x . cipc.¤ tra however it be, Wb. 12d24 . pridchidir doib cibc.¤ `howbeit', 14d34 . ni confetor cib c.¤ ind / aingel fa Dia, Blathm. 100 § 31 . c.¤ bat ma more vigorously, 66 . sechi ch.¤ dondrón, gl. si quomodo, Wb. 5d18 . cipē c.¤ i mbeid, ZCP viii 113.10 . cib c.¤ nó sdaid . . . a mbí siad, RSClára 91b . cecib c.¤ a mbaí a ḟír `be the truth as it might', AFM v 1820.z . With article: in-c.¤ a-fuilit feasa in-domain, RC xxiv 370.12 . 's na crothaibh a gcuala sinn `in the way I heard them', Content. xxx 27 . Note also: na crotha éagsamhla ar a bhfaghaid na daoine bás ways, TSh. 323 . ní fhuil c.¤ a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ría, IGT Introd. § 13 .

Later in phr. i c.¤ so that, in order that : a gc.¤ go rachadh romhaibh, Content. ix 27 . i gc.¤ gurab cuma dhó a bhás nó a bheatha, TSh. 95 . i gc.¤ go bhféadfainn na sléibhte d'aistriughadh, 9413 . a cc.¤ go mbia tú fírinneach, Isaiah xliii 26 . a cc.¤ go raibhiodar cách lán dá ngrádh, Beatha S. F. 1359 . a ccruith ná bíth súaimhnios so that there is no peace, Párl. na mB. 2463 .

In chevilles: congloraib c.¤ , SR 597 . c.¤ nad meirb `in no uncertain wise', Metr. Dinds. iv 4.47 . c.¤ atchiu, LL 37384 ( SG 317.31 ). c.¤ adfiadhait, Lism. L. 2107 .

Compds. With noun: i gcruthmhalairt i n-Íosa, Trompa na bhF. 4168 .

With adjj.: ingen cruthalaind, RC xxiii 396.x . crethfait clocha cruthamrai, SR 8083 . C. cóir cruthchaín, LL 34195 . C. condail cruthchaomh, Leb. Gab.(i) 186.20 . an clocc cruthfhalláin, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111.19 . mo Cholla chaemh chruthgel, Gorm. March 23 . o chlaind chruthglain Colmain, Rawl. 83b13 . fir . . . crutghranna, Stair Erc. 573 . Oisín cruithmhín, Hackett² 22.41 . re a comrādh cruthnaomt[h]a, ZCP x 341.6 . áirdrígh . . . cruithniamdha calma, Flower Cat. 400.4 . cathbarr cirach cruthordha, Aen. 2112 . dod dhreic chruithshlim, Aithd. D. 46.5 . tré chríochaibh an Choroinn chruthsholuis, Atlantis iv 174.15 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: F. . . . / chruthbúadach, LU 8297 ( FB 22 ). gusin inad cinnti . . . cruthfoclach ` definite ', MR 108.16 .

With vb.: do chruthmhalartaigh sé é féin, Trompa na bhF. 3440 .

1 cú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cú or dil.ie/13291
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: chon, coin, choin

n n, m., later also f. See GOI §§ 328 , 74 , 89 , 203 . With lenition of closely following wd. ( c.¤ ches, LU 8336 , cf. Cú Chulainn, passim), § 232 . For gender cf. g s. in chon , Mer. Uil.² 267 . n p. na coin , Anecd. i 9.21 (so also SCano 287 ). in choin , Bodl. Dinds. 32 . With masc. pron.: smacht ar choin gan eill ní heidir / a thoil féin dá léigir lais, Dán Dé xix 8 . c.¤ m. (and f., v.l.), IGT Decl. § 21 .

(a) dog, hound : c.¤ goirt elscothach, Lat. Lives § 64 (69.2) = avidus canis, Vita Br. 10 . do conaibh gortaibh, Blathm. 107 . co rāssa in cū, TBC-I¹ 539 . ba samalta ri gláim con allmaraig, MU² 611 . D. ┐ D. . . . dā choin M. Fothartaig, Fing. R. 59 . ri iarthair Laigen, ┐ a ben . . . ┐ a chu do marbad i n-aen uair, AU i 570.4 . cia ris fa fearr do crudh c.¤ who loved a hound better? AFM ii 898.20 . da folaib con ┐ catt ┐ druad (sc. noxious liquid for spearheads), MU² 732 . .iii. bliadna don gurt. trí saeguil in guirt don coin (dog's life-span), Lism. L. xli 7 . coin a tuil a leanmhain día sleghaibh (sic leg.) `their hounds asleep, fastened to their spears', Cóir Anm. 70 (322.15) . dá maer a chon masters of hounds (in enumeration of Finn's household), SG 93.14 . c.¤ bhus oirrdhearca n-iomráidh (in praise of Mag Uidhir's dog), DDána 112.1 . lēcad chon re fīed (an unprofitable act), MacCongl. 125.18 . fágbhaim fútha an ch.¤ sa cluithe `the hound and sport' (i.e. `the whole business', note 2), Ó Bruad. ii 196.4 . In name of plant: blas na gcaor gcon, Dánfhocail 74 (`dog-berry', Gloss.). In more general sense: a ndul a ndealbaib ceithri con . . . a ndeilb madaid, RC xxiv 174.6 .

(b) c.¤ (allaid) wolf : cu'allaid gl. lupus, Ir. Gl. 417 . isait coin altai in degboin, Vita Br. 27 . lúatha coin dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 ` wolves ' ( BDD 166 ). os hé conrethed laa cona (of the child Cormac, carried off by a wolf), ZCP viii 311.1 . amal mucca eter conaib, LU 4442 . cúana mára cucu (na hoegaire) do chonaib alta, LL 36599 . atchīatt na conu cucu 'na rith, BColm. 54.3 ; fáolchonu, 5 . co[i]n allta, 12 . c.¤ allaid, CF² 1159 . na coin alta ┐ na sinnaig, O'D. 1686 ( H 5.15, 29 col. 2 ). nuall-ghul . . . amhail chona allta, TSh. 5857 . Name of plant: atriplex .i. cu allaid `orach' (Gloss.), ACL i 335 § 86 .

(c) With other defining wds: mo ch.¤ coiméta `guardian hound', Cóir Anm. 214 . coin fhodhairne .i. dobharchoin, no madaidh uisge, O'Cl. See fodorne. c.¤ lechtig, see ? lechtig. c.¤ lomna, Fraech 330 . c.¤ neimhe fierce hound (the smith's hound in Táin), Ir. Syll. Poetry 59 § 4 . ō mud na con tairisi .i. na con tighi `of faithful dogs (i.e. of domestic dogs'), BColm. 82.z - 84.1 . c.¤ ruadh .i. seannach ` fox ', P. O'C. c.¤ ruad Droma meic Dáir, SG 56.21 `wolf'. cū otraigh 'a yard (lit. dung-hill) dog', Celtica xxv 151 ​​. See 1 árach, 1 lorg, loman, and sodach.

(d) Fig. Usu. laudatory of persons, etc.: flaith in chon bic (i.e. Congalach, a king), ZCP xii 236 § 55.3 . c.¤ congbhála cáich `maintaining hound' (Conn), ML 86.5 . c.¤ fiadhaigh fhola hAdhaimh (of Mary's glory), Aithd. D. 87.2 . In unfavourable sense: I. h. Flannchada, cu na naemh ┐ na firen (`persecutor', note), AU i 570.7 - 10 .

Very frequ. in nn. pr. notably in name C.¤ Chulainn. See Contribb. 539 , Corp. Gen. Index 572 f. Mac Con, ZCP viii 312.9 . mo Ch. cháem chain (sc. C.¤ Chulainn), TBC-LL² 426 . in C.¤ Chulaind . . . no bíd ar Maig . . . Murthemne . . . Mássa C.¤ fil and, LU 9312 - 16 . eter Conall Cernach ┐ Coin Culaind, LU 8781 ( FB 58 ). C.¤ na Cerda `Hound of the Smith' (C.¤ Chulainn), TBC-LL² 434 . ó Choin cherda Conchobair, LU 3573 ( SCC 29 ). O Coin Allta `grandson of C.¤ Allaid', RC xviii 271.18 . Blatmhac mac conbreatan maic conngosa (in title), Blathm. p. 2 . do Coin-bretan . . . Cu-bretan mac C., RC xxiv 48.3 , 4 . C.¤ corb, Cóir Anm. 191 . C.¤ cen mháthair, 48 . Clann Con-Coingelt (genealogical heading), Corp. Gen. 292.24 . Cúduiligh (name of a coarb of Máedóc Ferna's), BNnÉ 287 § 274 . drai derg donnbuidhe / curaí ín rindmuighe, IT iii 94 § 144 . Cū Rūi, Bruchst. 26 § 58 . lecht Con-rúi i Sléib Mis, RC xxiii 306 § 10 . hi crolecht Caunrai (rhet.), ZCP viii 565.10 .

(Prov.) doringnis C.¤ ┐ Cethen dím .i. c.¤ thanic i tech Cormaic . . . co ro marb Cethen . . . ┐ co romarbad in c.¤ fochetóir, LL 161b marg. sup.

Metr.: c.¤ mara, fault to be avoided by poets, consists in lack of a second internal rhyme in second couplet. Named from the ex.: ni cainfidhear Cu Mara / da fagha bu du-bera, IGT Metr. Faults§ 9 . Exemption is given in some metres. da aisdi ina tabar sairsi do Choin mara no tri no .i. leith-dechnaidh . . . ┐ dian oireng ┐ deachnaidh breacht, § 75 . sairsi dhisi sa leithdeachnaidh, amail ata ni doigh Daire ag roind a tire / re cloinn Creidhe (the lack of an internal rhyme with Daire is permitted because of the shortness of the line). Ata comardudh re `roind' . . . gurab uime sin do-berar sairsi do Choin mhara isin aisde sin, § 76 . §§ 77-8 .

(e) In extended application creature, insect, parasite (us. with defining word): cú cnámha .i. snasán, O'Cl. ` vermin, louse ', Contribb. 540 . See cnám, loscann . c.¤ cherchailli .i. findoi facabar a fés na hóili, Harl. 5280, 41a , Contribb. 540 . moth, bed-bug (?), see c.¤ finda s.v. ca(u)nna. c.¤ ḟiaclach, see O'Curry 1886 - 7 (of person, the c.¤ glas) under (f) below.

(f) Legal. cu na tri ngnimh, O'D. 2449 ( Rawl. 506, f. 61 p. 1 col. 1 ) `a dog that can track and seize, and can defend against attack', Plummer MS notes. im choin for a mbi ottrach `hound of the dung hill' (watchdog), Laws i 126.8 .i. cu sechtair doiris, 144.7 Comm. na dobrana amhail na cona cennta, O'D. 1686 ( H 5.15, p. 29 col. 2 ). da cet do cach crudh aici (in briughadh leithech) cinmotha coin ┐ cata, Laws i 46.24 Comm. tri coin fogail fomnaither and three dogs are checked in trespass, iii 414.23 . caithe con `trespasses of hounds', iv 122.4 Comm. muilliud con `setting on a dog', iii 518.20 . ni cuirter coin congail[e] fair `no dogs are set fighting in his (the invalid's) presence', BCrólige 61 . aithne con do sedhguinecht, Laws v 190.18 . oin con fri tofund `the loan of a hound to hunt with', 278.5 . in cu confaid `mad dog', iii 272.20 Comm. in cu cedcintach (of liability in cases of dog's first bite), 522.16 Comm. `c. glas' (derogatory term BBCS xxiv 116 ) of person without legal status except through his wife, hence one whose children become in effect members of their mother's `fine', their father as an outsider having no `fine', stranger, castaway (?), see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 132 , 183 , 197 : cu-glas (.i. in ti amail coin imfaenledaigi gabar tar glas na fairgi, in murcurthe, na fuil ac tigerna airithe, 19 Comm. ), direnar side a inchaib a mna, ┐ is si iccas a cinta, Laws v 516.7 . cu glas (.i. deorud loingsig, Comm.) di-renar side a inch(a)uib a mna, etc. c.g. i.e. a proscribed foreigner (Thurn.), Ir. Recht 64 § 4 . ni aile maithre cuit i maccaib — acht mac con glais (.i. ín muircairthi, Comm.) no mac ambui, 31 § 33 . fiacail conglas . . . .i. in cu fiaclach gabair tar glas na fairge, O'Curry 1886 - 7 ( 23 Q 6, 22 aa ). Cf. Mac con glaisi, O'Dav. 418 `son of the gray wolf' (or of the female stranger or n. pr. f. ?).

Compds. oi-ba . . . coinba, echba, duineba murrain of dogs, ZCP iii 245.y . conbadh inna con, AU i 246.2 . conbóchail gl. Hylax, Thes. ii 47.25 . im conbuachaill (sic leg.) cacha cethra `watch-dog', Laws i 126.8 . rucus slān cinad conbuachalla, ZCP xv 331 § 22 (Caratnia) `das Vergehen des Hirtenhunds'. Fothad coincheann dog-headed , Corp. Gen. 103.14 . concro gl. decipula, Ir. Gl. 261 . hi con-chrú `amid the blood of dogs', Metr. Dinds. iii 392.z . Fear glas fri concuru, BB 369a18 , SG ii 496.31 `handling of hounds' = fri concairecht, Dinds. 35 . a coindobrain `his otters', Hy Maine 90.z . confæl conrechta .i. ben conrechta .i. inti risa cartanach dol asa eol a richtaib con amail atait i coinerca (Í Chon Erca, Ed.), BCrólige 32 and n. conoel (leg. conḟoel .i. ben tet a conrecht, O'Mulc. 269 . O'Curry 95 = fáelchú 'wolf' CMCS xliv 64 n. 105 ) ( H 3.18, 67 ). in cetramod plag .i. cinomi ┐ scinifi ┐ confiaclaca conda i cricaib . . . Egept biters (flies, midges ) = muscae ( Exodus viii 22 , 24), BB 240a46 . Cf. na cuili conda mus-luaiditis dar béolu ┐ tar gruaithe dóib, Celtica iv 24.326 - 7 . coinḟiadh (sinnach, v.l., notes) dá lí ar tí a hén fox , Acall. 846 . ? mar da chuala in cughaire / noco cluinfea in damgair, IT iii 89 § 112 . Murphy Metrics 60 § 85 (`hound-cry', Gloss.). ¤glecc, see coinglecc. co n-gabdáis cointéill ┐ echlusca duit `lash thee with dog-straps, etc. ', MacCongl. 107.1 . coneill (a s.) dog-leash , Acall. 3208 . de genere CorchuChonlúain, Thes. ii 265.9 ( Ardm. 11b ). ga chonmhaoraibh `gillies', Aithd. D. 20.5 . conmaor `intendant de chiens', Études Celt. xii 532 . a conmír gl. offam, Sg. 103b1 . Ir. Gl. 276 . ferr cara inā conmīr (prov.), ZCP vi 260.22 `a ham is better than a morsel for a dog' (?), RC xlv 88 § 5 . See s. 2 cara. conogam .i. archu, etc., Auraic. 5740 . tiagait iat i conrechtaib `in the form of wolves' (of Síl in Faelchon in Ossory), Todd Nenn. 204.2 , cf. ¤ḟáel supra. (in n. loc.) Glenn na conricht, Acall. 7716 . deisidh for a chon-righthibh hi fiadhnuse na heillte `on his (a wolf's) paws', BNnÉ 29 § 34 . tar a conumbur (sic leg.) `dog-trough', Laws ii 118.16 Comm.

See 1 cana, coinchenn, coinḟíad, 4 con, conchar.

cuibdiugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuibdiugud or dil.ie/13458

 

vn. of cuibdigid(ir). act of harmonizing, reconciling; composing, arranging : forḟemmid inn air do chuibdigud he was unable to compose the satire, LL 13563 . cuibdighudh a ndūaine sech a ndīne, ACL iii 294 § 9 . ba mertnech Moisi . . . / . . . fri cuibdigud arranging, SR 4547 . dus an ccaoimhsattís M. do chuibhdiughadh fri tairisi `whether they could reconcile M. with his relatives', AFM v 1406.6 . ni dhligheand in treas focal cuibhdighudh re da focul comardaidh should not rhyme, IGT Metr. Faults§ 10 .

dedlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dedlaid or dil.ie/15001

 

Forms: dedlaid, deadlaidh, dedlaigh, nosdedlai, nosdedland, deadhlann, ndeglum, corodeglat, deglaidis, dedel, dedél, dedelum, degheolum, rodeghlais, rodedail, -deghail, rodeadhail, rodeghail, rodeadhailsead, rodedlaithseat, rodeighlisiod, deghladar, deadhaltar, deglaiter, rodedlad, dodedhladh, corodeglad, deglad, dedhailti, dedlai, dedlad, dedail, dedél

v -i-, denominative of dedail.—ACT. pr. ind. 3 sg. dedlaid, Laws iv 284. 2 f.b. ; 286. 2 . ; v 360. 4 . deadlaidh H 2.15A, 14 b . dedlaigh, BB 452 b 40 . nosdedlai (: co ndremnai) SR 8348 . — nosdedland, LL 135 a 43 . deadhlann P. O'C. from Keat.—subj. 1 pl. go ndeglum , ACL iii 240 st 43 . 3 pl. corodeglat, ZCP vii 269 § 8 . —imperf. 3 pl. deglaidis (mod. deighlidís), Éigse Suadh 99 .—e-fut. 1 sg. ní dedel (i.e. dedél) BB 270 b 1 (deidél, Lec.). 1 pl. ná dedelum (i.e. -élum), CCath. 1703 (v.l. degheolum). s-pret. 2 sg. rodeghlais, ZCP iv 384. 34 . 3 sg. rodedail, LU 47 a 39 . LL 33 b 10 (ca. 1000). 257 b 20 . CCath. 2053 (v.l. -deghail). rodeadhail, BB 36 b 48 . rodeghail, Acall. 3451 . 3 pl. rodeadhailsead, Dinds. § 79 (v.l. rodedlaithseat). rodeighlisiod, TFrag. 192. 11 .— cor deghladar , RC xviii 193. 7 ( Tig. A.D. 1162 ), depon. ending added to the stem of present. PASS. pr. deadhaltar, P. O'C. deglaiter , BB 309 a 35 . pret. 3 sg. rodedlad, LL 160 b 32 . 191 b 24 . BB 359 a 25 . CCath. 3259 . YBL 338 a 28 (-dh). dodedhladh, AFM v 1582. 9 . corodeglad LB 191 b 27 . nír deglad , 238 c b 11 .—pc. pl. dedhailti, CCath. 5276 . —VN. dedail, q.v. RHYMES : dedlai : dremnai (d s.) SR 8348 . dedlad : sedlad, LL 191 b 27 . dedail : debaid, ib. 257 b 20 . : meraig, LL 211 b 39 . dedél (fut). : chél (fut. ) BB 270 b 1 .

I Trans.

(a) disjoins, severs, parts, separates (from : fri, Mid.-Ir. ri, la). Glossed by deiligid, H 2.15A, p. 14 b , and frequently joined to this (as also to scáilid). deadhlaim I separate, divorce, sever, part, put asunder P. O'C. deadhaltar is parted, ib. — nosdedland Sruth Danai aniar, LL 135 a 43 . nosdedlai, SR 8348 . dascáiled...dodedladh ┐ dodeliceadh in buiden sin re chéli, YBL 338 a 28 . rodedlad rafucsat slóigh, Rawl. 79 b 25 . rodedlad de, 163 a 6 . dind gili druing dedlaid graig, 147 b 48 . tuc in clérech in cend frisin médi. anndar lat nír deglad riam iat, LB 238 cb 11 . rolaad isin roth coro deglad a ṅdeich renda a chorp, ib. 191 b 27 ( PH 1212 ). doḟás gairbhe san ngaoith...┐ dodedhladh ré roile an long ┐ an tarthrach, AFM v 1582. 9 . rodedlad friu lucht tuscairnte na comairli ┐ rodíchennait, CCath. 3259 . Teamair is Ériu ... rodosdeadhail drong dáinech BB 36 b 48 . deglaiter, ib. 309 a 35 . noco rosdedhail bás, ib. 2053 . deadhlann an bás an duine ┐ a ṁaitheas saoghalta, TSh. 17. 3 (v.l. from P. O'C. s.v.). Nathfraech icar deghlad na deighḟir from whom the nobles branched off Caithr. CC 31 § 50 . — Parts from, saves from : Temair breg baile na fian : rosdedail Dia ra domiad, LL 33 b 10 = Ériu iv 92. 1 . rocurad rosedlad sé : rodedlad ra doenmige, LL 160 b 32 . 191 b 24 . BB 359 a 25 .

(b) diminishes, lessens , opp. tuillid `increases' : nofríth i saltair Dé déin : sech ní tuilliub ní dedel : ó init co cáisc ní chél : a Caisil robái Benén, BB 270 b 1 . Leb. Cert. 60. 2 .

II Intr. parts, separates : dobertsa mo bréithir ná dedhelum (v.l. degheolum) don chur sa, CCath. 1703 . ón ló rodeghlais frim, ZCP iv 384. 34 . ón lo rodeghail rinde co ham na húaire seo, Acall. 3451 (v.l. dodealuigh, BLism. 181 a 1 ). rosdedail fri Isaac, Rawl. 73 a 26 . co rodeglat immale, ZCP vii 269 § 8 . rodeadailseat oc Beluch Dá Liag, Dinds. § 79 . dorónsad comrádh tairisi ┐ rodeighlisiod iartain, TFrag. 192. 11 . cor deghladar cen tṡíth cen cath RC xviii 193. 7 .— orba dúthrachta dedlaid fri fine, Laws iv 284. 2 f.b. ; 286. 2 . fuidir dedlaid fri fine, ib. v 360. 14 . co cenglum ár corp sin chath: go ndeglum re port pecthach, ACL iii 240 st 43 ( Hy Maine 122 b ). gurob ann deaghluidh re Tír Fiachrach i naimsir ṁarbhtha Tailtigh, Hy Fiach. 126. 11 . cuin dodheaghail risin mbruidh, BB 40 b 46 .— ABS. ropo chrúaid leo far ṅdebaid: rodedail gleo i nuarcollaib, LL 257 b 20 . — IDIOM. gid ed sin chena dedlaigh ar comáin ort grates persolvere dignas non opis est nostrae ( Aeneid i 600 ) BB 452 b 40 . Aen. 354 .

MOD. deighlim: do deighil se he divided GJ xvi 183 . Deighlim in the sense of Eng. `deal' (of cards) seems a loan from English: deighilmís...do dhein sé na cártaidhe ┐ do dheighil an crobaltach iad, GJ xvii 34. 23 . Cf. mod. deighleáil, déaláil in the same sense.

deithidnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deithidnech or dil.ie/15301

 

Forms: deithitnech, deithitech, deithidnigiu, deithitnecha

adj o, ā. (deithiden), Mid. Ir. deithitnech, deithitech careful, attentive, earnest: in n-acaldim deithidnig gl. sollicitam consultationem, Ml. 35c27 . ba d.¤ di in drui, Irish Texts i 3 § 5 . co crabud dethitnech do Dia, PH 4963 . co dethitech do rér na rig careful in obedience to, 4069 . is timthirig deithideach he fria laim an Choimdeag, YBL 167b4 . dalta . . . deithidech derb-tairisi do D., MR 292.10 . ac sírmolad a nDúilim co deithidech diligently , RC xxviii 316 § 27 . Compar. deithidnigiu gl. sollicitior, Ml. 32c5 . deithitnecha, SG 392.28 .

dind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dind or dil.ie/16579
Last Revised: 2013

 

n u, n. a nd.¤ , Sg. 63a13 . dinn mbera (n. loc.?), SG 148.17 . Originally a spike, a point? Cognate with ON tindr spike, tooth, mountain-peak. Cf. mō nā cliab co dendaib dēs a basket with spikelets i.e. ears of corn, BB 402b8 .

(a) height, hill: [d]inn ainm gach druimne, Metr. Gl. p. 17 . pridchaiss fri dē i ndinnib (glossed i telchaib), Hy. ii 28 ( Thes. ii 315 ). dionn .i. tulach nó cnoc, O'Cl. d.¤ .i. cnoc, Lec. Gl. 83 . dinn tulach ┐ dinna tulcha, O'Dav. 743 . dinn .i. ard nó cleth[e], 649 . isé in cnocc mór mó cach d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 180 . ith ┐ blicht for cach d.¤ on every height, LL 200b48 . sab suithe cech d.¤ on every eminence, ACC 26 ( RC xx 168 ). senchas d.¤ Erenn inso, RC xv 277 . bla cethra d.¤ a hill constitutes an exemption as regards (lit. of) cattle, Laws iii 296.11 . rí os cach airm os cach dinn, SR 209 . rí . . . tuarcgab cach d.¤ dia dulb, 7438 . rosiacht d.¤ richid the hill (fortress?) of heaven, 2099 . iscorsit . . . for d.¤ flatha finde, Fél. May 17 . bit áird úas d.¤ fhlatha they will be high above the Kingdom's height, Prolegomena 155 . sliab Sióin ina d.¤ uasu, LB 157b35 . gan mheath cnuais ar choll ndatha | . . . | . . . ar gach dionn, Content. xxx § 19 .

(b) fortified hill, walled or fortified town, citadel, stronghold: a ṅdind suthul á nomen gl. oppidum Suthul, Sg. 63a13 . D.¤ Map Lethain. . . . .i. Dūn Maic Liathain, Corm. Y 883 . D.¤ Tradui .i. dūn tredūi, 883 . Babilōin d.¤ rochumtaig Nīn, ZCP iii 18.33 . d.¤ dianid ainm Ilia, TTr. 1014 ( LL 231a9 ). dochum denna ┐ rigimscingi Príaím, 1845 ( LL 241b ). Toghail dénna Arimin annso sís, CCath. 382 . iar n-indriud in denda, BB 424a41 . rig-dinn Bresail Bregamain, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . ar na dindaib rocumdaiged leo i nErinn, Lec. 576a6 . gur gabsat dí chathair déc dia ndinndaib (or for dind[g]naib?) dithoghlaidi, ZCP i 398 . breó dar dinna a torch over fortresses, AFM an. 898 = AU 902 (poem). d.¤ betha the world (lit. the fortress of the world): nocon fhuair for d.¤ betha acht tri locha, LL 5b35 (`on the fort of Bith', Leb. Gab.(i) 62 ). Cf. d.¤ domuin, SR 866 . Fig. of a person a citadel, an eminence, a towering figure: d.¤ oc libur leigdocht he was an eminence in the book of the law (of C.C.) .i. no forcanad libru rechta co clethi, ACC § 27 . Drongach Doile d.¤ gaile, Rawl. 85a1 . an dionn eagnaid is geal gníomh, Ó Bruad. ii 136 . Of a notable event climax: Dinda na Tāna so sis .i. Caladgleo Cethirn, Fīacalgleō Fintain, etc., TBC-I¹ 2747 .

(c) stead, notable place: na tri dinna .i. Síd in Broga ┐ Duma na nGiall ┐ Dun Crimthain, Dinds. § 3 ( RC xv 291 ). do dindaib Ua ṅAmalgaid annso .i. Carnn Amalgaid ┐ Tir Amalgaid ┐ Fearsad Threisi, Dinds. § 135 (RC xvi). hi maig Find . . . mórtha d.¤ the spot was ennobled, Metr. Dinds. iii 394 .

(d) mansion, court: dinna na n-ingen . . . for fiarláit in dúnaidh, ZCP i 372 . bit cethra dinna anorcha acu soin, 368 .

(e) pinnacle, peak: eclais iar na cúmtach o cholomnaib ┐ o dinnaib ardaib, LB 159a57 . no foghluaisiond . . . dar dendaibh agus dar droibelaibh, TBC-LL¹ 5620 (Stowe).

(f) In nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

(g) Used figur. in amplificative sense foll. by gen. of definition: bid bláith do deog a d.¤ chuirn from a mighty goblet (?), Ériu iv 106.8 . d.¤ chuirn, ACL iii 307 § 20 . ? conusaicet in scoith ndimoir | d.¤ comart[h]a tire tarngire a prominent sign (?) (of the land of promise) (but see below under compds.), ZCP x 410 . sé 's a drúth, ba d.¤ dīrmma a striking cavalcade, BColm. 88. 19 .

(h) as adj. agreeable, pleasant : dinn .i. aibhinn, O'Dav. 735 . d.¤ .i. cnoc no uasal nó aibind, Lec. Gl. 83 . dinn .i. aibind, Stowe Gl. 69 . sephainn co grinn ceol (sic leg., coel, text) nglain ṅgil | bái a thoirm d.¤ fo secht nimib, SR 2160 . na sáraig Samuel fáith find | congab grad núalnar náebdind, 6026 . ? dá fagur tairisi dind, Celtica xiii 12.203 .

Compds. ¤bile a lofty old tree: ronfáema ar dinnbile (of Christ), SR 8223 . a rí na ríg, is tú mo dín mo dinnbile, IT iii 41 . ¤brat a mighty cloak (?): cet each ndonn ndindbrataibh (dínbhrataibh, LL). BB 278b16 . ¤chomartha a prominent sign: gur ferad cith cruaid-ger cloithnechta dinncomartha ármuigh dferaib Erend (cf. MR 236 where O'Don. from another MS. reads, probably rightly, d'innchomarta), LL 410b7 . ¤chor: a mighty setting forth (?), a great enumeration (?): ni fail do dainib . . . | nech thucas tria dindchur de | na fail d'ingnud lam rígse, SR 335 . ¤fher a notable man: Dímman derrit d., Gorm. June 27 . ¤fhogal plundering of fortresses (?): mór . . . leath-truim díth is dionn-fhoghla, Keat. Poems 996 . ¤gére: ar a d., IT iii 189 . ¤mall (?): dognith la Finnbarr . . . cumtach d. daigfethal, SG 84.37 . ¤mór: dia fúair deg-raind dindmóir | i crích Sengaind a noble share of strong places (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 298 . ¤ogam fortress-ogham (technical gramm. term): dinnogam .i. aicme bethi .i. Bruiden, Lifi, Femin, Scolae, Nemthend, Auraic. 5687 . ¤orc[h]aill: Donadhach dindorcaill a noble protection (?), AFM i 516 . ¤roga: a high choice, something noble or pre-eminent: mac fial Finnloga . . . | dim (leg. dia?) cech dindrogha dliges `to whom is due every choice honour', Lism. L. 3470 . ¤shenchas history of notable places (lit. hill-lore), topography, legendary lore: inn eól dúib a d.? LL 152b9 . feib adfét in súidi snas, | is desin a d., Metr. Dinds. ii 44 . ba suithe in cach dindsenchas, LU 657 (ACC). friscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ dínshenchus ┐ primscéla hÉrend, IT iii 50 . is cuman lim . . . dindsenchas clainne Adaim, LL 376b35 . d. na cnocc ┐ na tulach, Acall. 4788 . re táib dindsenchais cach cnuic, 2436 . dubláidi dindshenchais dait, Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . nobiad aici a fhis dindsheanchais cach inaid sund, YBL 195a20 . a shenchaidhi . . . na fhochair ┐ sé ag déanamh dinnshenchais na criche reimhe dho, ITS v 28 .

2 doé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 doé or dil.ie/17514

 

Forms: dae

n m. human being (poet. term): doe .i. duine, Corm. Y 493 . dai uais .i. duine uasal, Lec. 340a12 . an dae sin (.i. an duine sin), ZCP v 483 (B. na f.). don daé nach dur (.i. don fer nach cruaidh), 489 . nir uindes daé ba dilse (.i. ni facas duine ba tairisi), ib. im doe .i. im duine, O'Mulc. 714 . cor sreng a cor a harc dae dibh tore his heart out of the body of one of them (?), ACL iii 311 . in guth trom dogni in dae, Auraic. 1615 . na nd-eigeas .i. na ndaei cen cheas .i. na fileadh, 1114 . dae, one of the twenty-six togarmand miadlechta (`titles of dignity'), Laws iv 344.4 . dae uasal amra, Add. 30512, 88a = aroile mairtir uasal, Eg. 1781, 41v (Plummer MS. notes). dona doe uasaib .i. dona daoinip uaislib, Leb. Gab.(i) 68 n. 4 . Cf. also: am dae delbus do chind (.i. as dea ┐ as draoidh ┐ as duine me . . .), 264 = am dé (.i. am dea), LL 12b , am de, BB 39b , Lec. 28b .

fáilte, faílte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáilte, faílte or dil.ie/21119

 

Forms: -ái-, faelte, fáelte, ḟáelti, foilte, foilti, faeilti, foelti, faoilte, -á-, falti, fálti, fálti, fáiltib, failtedha, fáilteagha, fáiltighe

n , f. (fáilid, faílid). The -ái- of the Glosses could stand for either form. The diphthong is common in Mid. Ir.: ind faelte , LU 11020 . fáelte, 3306 . do ḟáelti 312 . foilte, ZCP iii 28.2 ( Rawl. B 512 ). foilti, Lism. L. 408 . faeilti, 2578 . Acall. 6901 . foelti, LB 3b40 . With rime: faoilte (: sgaoilte), Tadhg Óg Ó Huiginn, Studies 1924, 87 . Cf. failti (: Cailti apparently = Caílti), Metr. Dinds. iv 318.15 ; -á- is evidently intended in: falti, LL 262a30 . fálti, SR 6943 . LB 188a12 . With rime: failti: slainte, SR 1489 . fálti (Fortu-nāti), Fél., June 11 . fáilte (: -páirte), PBocht 19.3 . fáilteadhaibh (: báintealaigh), TD 1.14 . Joy, happiness: gl. gaudium Wb. 14d12 . beatitudo 19d22 . cid failte adcotsa ┐ dungneu, Ml. 92a17 (for dogní fáilti cf. PH 1904 cited below. Its meaning here is not clear). hilaritas Ml. 133c6 . nícon robae ní form acht failte, 104d2 . is failtigiud in popuil immefolngi failte inna ríg (ref. to laetitia) 43c6 . ni far mbrónsi immafolngi fáilti domsa, Wb. 16b8 . fáilte cáich bad fáilte dúibsi (gl. gaudete cum gaudentibus) 5d24 . atbert ... fris co fháilti moir ..., PH 1177 . ind fáelti chomlan fil dóib i nDia, LU 2658 . otconnairc ... a céli ro chíset ar fálti, 1696 . Often used of spiritual joy and eternal bliss: Basilla ... brethae úainn hi fálti was borne from us into bliss Fél. June 11 . co taitned in failte nemda ... for a gnúis (= laetitiam vultu praeferens) Lat. Lives 100 . cusin fhailte fhorordai fil cen crich, PH 8071 . in fáilte fil dond ernastaid spirutalda ina mbanernastaid [leg. ina b.], 3986 . denaid suba ┐ failte ar na sruthib ... sa do beth ocaib, 1904 . rochí I. ar fálti wept for joy 1566 . ro lasat mōrghāir ... ar fhailti fheghtha for P. `for joy of looking on P.' Lism. L. 524 . cíis B. ar fhóilte [ = fhoílte], BNnÉ 52.11 . nderchoined ... i timnaib De, foilte ... i ngnimaib deabail, ZCP iii 28.2 . dorinne an bhean obair ḟaoilte `an act of thanksgiving' A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 18 . do chuir ḟáilte ar croidhthibh cáigh | toisg na nIarladh, Ir. Monthly 1926, 475 . Of expression of joy: is besad leusom innuall in failte ho lamaib (gl. manu plaudere) Ml. 67b19 . As quasi-vn.: rosgab for foelti PH 235 . pl. (in concrete sense): ona fáiltib corpda physical joys PH 3574 . a failtib pardus, 4952 . na failtedha móra bātar isna longphortaib rejoicings CCath. 3731 .

With FRI (AR CHENN, DO) `joy towards' i.e. on beholding, hence welcoming: for transition cf.: catte ... for failte si [sic leg.] frinn ollim nobis facta? where is the joy you once showed on seeing us? (gl. ubi est beatitudo vestra Galatians iv 15 ) Wb. 19d22 . f.¤ fri noíbu to welcome saints 7b2 . is dírim failte muintire nime ... frisin n-anmain, LU 2124 ( FA 19 ). atracht P. i n-agaid Hiruaith co fhalti fris, PH 845 . dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg, Ml. 116b5 . condaaérsat do failti archenn a rríg that they may arise in welcome 46a12 . cia luag nomtha ... ar failti duit im churp chain? for welcoming (admitting) thee SR 1167 . atconnairc C. ... ic faóilti fris, BColm. 70.1 . Hence

(a) a welcome, greeting: falti fir connaig ascid sin that is the welcome of one who seeks a boon LL 262a30 ( MU² 61 ). rofer slóg Iuda ... fáilti fri Dauid ... ba fálti fóil, nirbo thrén, failti slōig mac nIsrahel, SR 6942 . tairisi liom in failte sin, TBC-LL¹ 2201 . is tairissi lind ind ḟaeilti sin, Acall. 6903 . táinic ... co faeilti moir fri Finden, Lism. L. 2619 . don Roimh mar rangatar sin | dob í a ffáilte arna faicsin | cluicc an bhaile arna mbúain féin this was their welcome when seen BNnÉ 283.14 . i dtaoibh m'ḟáilte (thy) welcome of me A. Ó Dálaigh i 6 . amail fuair ... mogh De faeilti ocut as God's servant got a welcome from thee Lism. L. 2577 . dogébtha faeilte thou wouldst be welcomed Acall. 7622 . tathut fáelte thou art welcome LU 3306 ( SCC 10 ). epert frissom rondbiad f.¤ libsi, Wb. 16b19 . rotbia-su fáilte, IT i 120.28 ; 99.6 . rodbia in failti sunda againni, Aen. 365 . boithus failte they were welcomed LU 10580 . baíthi ind faelte chetna he got the same welcome 11020 . pl., greetings: le fáiltibh ... ón airdrígh, TD 8.12 . go bhfáilteadhaibh chóig gcóigeadh, 1.14 . le fáiltidhibh fill treacherous welcomes TSh. 2116 . do-beir faílti (do) welcomes: ní ḟil ... ríg na tibre falte dún, IT i 73.11 . tabair fáilte ┐ aigidecht don fhoirind PH 5849 . dorat C. foilti dhó, Lism. L. 408 . do-gní f.¤ (fri) id.: dogní failte friu, LL 112b8 = IT i 99.10 . dorine B. foilti friu, Lism. L. 1278 . ní faeilti dorone friss, BColm. 96.22 . feraid f.¤ (fri) id.: fertha faelte fri Mongan isin taig LU 11045 . ro fer [Achimilech] fáilti fri Duid, SR 6190 . is í seo falti ferastar fris: Mo chen bithchen do thíchtu ... LL 262a27 ( MU² 56 ). ferais F. fáelti s[a]inredaig fri C. LU 3779 ( SCC 35 ). ferait Ulaid ... failte móir fri Conall LL 113b10 (= ScM. 15 ). do fer fáilte o Sgathaich ┐ uaithe féin risan macaomh, RC xxix 122.24 . tanic ... d'ḟerthain ḟáilti ra Coin Culaind, LL 262a26 ( MU² 55 ). cuirid f.¤ (fri, ré n-) id.: ag cur failti fris, Aisl. Tond. 122.28 . do chuiredar fáilte roimhe, Mark ix 15 . pl. do chuir failtedha romhainn BNnÉ 49z .

(b) a salutation: Failte an Aingil the Angel's Salutation (i.e. the Ave Maria) Parrth. Anma 126 . ag clos chluig na fáilte aingleacdha, 15.10 . pl. iós ionmhuin libh ... fáilteagha [dhḟaghail] ar na márguidhibh, Luke xi 43 . fáiltighe, Matthew xxiii 7 .

fris-toing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fris-toing or dil.ie/24400
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (cf. OW gurthtug) forswears, abjures, renounces , with acc. or DO : tre fretiuch fristoing indib .i. fristoing don domun ... fristoing do demon, ZCP iii 453.24 . fristoing cerd cainti, O'Dav. 872 . Cf. ni bi nama neach fristoing tairisi , H 3.18, 307.30 ( O'Curry 638 ) = ni ... tairisamh .i. nocha namail namait do neoch inni reis a tug a luighi ar daighin tairisachta. No ni coir naimdine do dhenamh don ti fris a toingter in tairisin, O'Curry 2484 ( Eg. 88, 39ab ). athlaich fristongat dia pecthaib, Laws v 420.15 Comm. ma fristossam dear pecthib, Thes. ii 245.9 (Cambr. Hom.). deich meic Conaill Clōen ... a cōic dīb frislontis (fristontís, ro tshonddais, do shonddais, v.ll.) a fēich; a cōic aile ro nascitis a fēich, Corp. Gen. 257 (155a14) .

Vn. fretech, q.v.

i

Cite this: eDIL s.v. i or dil.ie/26891
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: isin, isint, isind, isind, sind, issa, is, sa, isteampull, ansan, isnaib, isnaib, isna, ands[n]a, annsna, issinn, isa, issa, is, isin, insa, ionnsa, sa, isna, annsa, istech, istig, immach, immaig, indium, innium, ionnam, iondam, indiut, inniut, iniud, ionnod, ionnat, inneat, and, ant, and, ann, annt, indi, hindae, indti, inde, inti, inte, ind, inn, inte, innte, indiunn, indiun-ni, annainn, indib, innibh, ionnaibh -se, indib, indeb, intib, innta, ionnta, annta, intiu, inntu, ionntadh, im, inna, inná, innar, inar, 'nar, i bar, hi far, in far, ina, inna, ana, ann, i, i, san, i, ann

nasalising prep., folld. by dat. and acc. Usually written i or í when eclipsis is shown : i nÍsu, Wb. 3b6 . i ngiun, 4d33 . í n-éutt, 6b2 . i nneurt, 6d11 . i ndegaid, 30b14 . i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . i ndia, 29d5 . i mbí, Tur. 9. i n-oénṡillaib, Sg. 120b2 . i llathiu, Thes. ii 319.2 ; but cf. hi n-iriss, Wb. 10b28 . hi rrecht, Ml. 54c2 . hi llaim, 96d6 . hi ndóiri, 125a9 . hi rriucht, Tur. 85. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . hi ndilsi, 28a4 . hi mbrethir ... hi ngním, Thes. ii 253.11 . hi nDruim, 260.21 . hi mbrot, 290.9 . When eclipsis is not shown, most freq. written hi or hí : hi noibad, Wb. 3b31 . hi rect, 3d14 . hí crist, 4d21 . hi far n-irnigdib, 7a12 . hí flid, 9b14 . hi tosuch, Ml. 2a6 . hí tintud, 2a15 . hi rogabad, 24d14 . hí libur, 16c10 . hi cairptib, 43d3 . hi far crichaib, 115b10 . hi fers, Sg. 6b23 . hi roṡoithe, 73a11 . hí frecndairc, 204a5 . hi rogénair, Thes. ii 291.11 ; but : í cach thír, Wb. 1a3 . i corpu, 2b5 . í rúnaib, 2b10 . i tuil dée, 5c20 . (no exx. available of this from Ml.). i persin n-aili, Sg. 189a8 . i fogur, 6b1 . í titul, PCr. 15a3 . i comus, Thes. ii 244.30 (Camb.). In Ml. and Tur., frequently written inn before vowels : inna diad, Ml. 17c6 . inn aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . inn echaib, 43d3 . innar neurt, 43d3 . inn ecin, Tur. 134. In Wb. freq. inn before proclitic beginning with vowel : innar leid, 4b11 . inna chridiu, 10b20 . inna corp `in their body', 11d11 . inn aláil, 12a10 . In Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. i n- is often written a n- : a n-inad, PH 203. a persainn, 7577 . a sendataid, 3977 . a ngaire, BNnÉ 168.10 . a bus, SG 135.6 . cáit ambí in fer sin, 135.36 . a mmedón, TBFr. 103.

With article :

(a) dat. sg. isin chrud sin, Wb. 8b10 . isint senmim, 13d18 . isind óin uáir, 25b16 . isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . sind ló, TBC-LL¹ 444. issa baile-seo, Acall. 3360. is tir, BNnÉ 301.15 . is' taig, ScM. § 6.12 . is tig, BDD² 525. is’ tilaig, ITS l 38.13 . is tulaig, LL ii 13336 . is dorus, i 7318 . is tṡenchoss, iii 21254 . is treairiut 'in the three periods' UR 114 § 24 . 'sa dorus, Feis Tighe Chonáin 75. isteampull 'in the temple', Stair Nic. 32.602. Cf. 28.524 (v.l.) . ansan ūair-sein, Ériu iv 178 § 31. pl. isnaib fochidib, Wb. 14b19 . isnaib innib, Ml. 28a7 . isnaib sechtaib, Críth G. 303. isna airigthib, TBC-LL¹ 3552. ands[n]a... dúilib, O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. annsna righaibh, CF 922.

(b) acc. sg. issinn aíar, Wb. 25b24 . isa n-indarbae, Ml. 23c8 . issa suthin, 21d4 . is' tech, ScM. § 15.2 . isa tech, TBFr. 124. isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. isin ngnimrad, BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . insa curach, Feis Tighe Chonáin 920. ionnsa bhfiadh, 1173 . 'sa mboin, Fianaig. 72.18 . pl. isna bithu, Wb. 4c4 . isna lucu, Ml. 23d23 .

Distinction between dat. and acc. lost : annsa chéill, TSh. 3219. annsa gcéill, 2532 . neimhsheadh do thabhairt san tsaoghal, 339 . nach raibhe seadh san saoghal aice, 1866 . The distinction remained however in istech, istig ; immach, immaig, qq.v.

With pron. suff. ; s. 1 indium, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 74d7 . innium, TBC-LL¹ 4382. ionnam, iondam, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1912 , 410 . s. 2 indiut, Ml. 106c15 . inniut, TBC-LL¹ 4350. iniud, TTebe 3673 . ionnod, TD 40 § 2. ionnat, DDána 2 § 11. inneat, 68 § 38 (: mbreac). s. 3 dat. m. + n. and, Wb. 1a5 . Ml. 45d15 . Sg. 3b5 . ant, Ml. 48c29 . and, Críth G. 100. ann, ML² 45. BDD² 91. annt, ZCP vii 481.29 (Enchir. Aug.). f. indi, Ml. 21c3 . Sg. 18a3 . Críth G. 105. BDD² 745. Laws iv 112.9 . hindae, BDD² 513. indti, 661 . inde, Laws iv 112.10 . inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. TBFr. 200. inte, BDD² 498. acc. m. + n. ind, Ml. 22b1 . Críth G. 93. BDD² 196. Laws iv 136.x Comm. inn, 250. 5 Comm. f. inte, Sg. 6a6 . Críth G. 219. innte, DDána 1 § 9. pl. 1 indiunn, Wb. 5d18 . indiun-ni, Ml. 44d3 . annainn, Luc. Fid. 225.x . pl. 2 indib, Wb. 14c18 . Ml. 122c3 . innibh, DDána 68 § 23. ionnaibh -se (: fionnsoillse), 122 § 12. pl. 3 dat. indib, Ml. 30c17 . Sg. 216b4 . BDD² 475. indeb, 1468 . intib, TBC-LL¹ 174. TBFr. 35. innta, ML² 75. ionnta, DDána 122 § 17. annta, Luc. Fid. 285.10 . acc. intiu, Ml. 21a8 . Sg. 7a10 . inntu (for dat.), Ériu iii 160.24 . ionntadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1065.

With poss. : s. 1 im hulcc-sa, Wb. 2a8 . im chuimriug, 30a5 . iom giolla, TBC-LL¹ 5662 (St.). am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . s. 2 it senmathir, Wb. 29d11 . id ḟlaith, BDD² 178. id chémanduib, ML² 1654. at rēimennuib, 1655 . ad ruire, 1450 . it olcaibh, Studies 1933, 310 § 27 . s. 3 m+n. inna suidiu, Wb. 13a12 . inna thechtu, 13a28 . inda sesam, Mon. Tall. 129.13 . inna chumbu, Críth G. 111. ina suide, ScM. § 10.10 . 'na adhbar rīg, ML² 30. f. inná loc, Sg. 17a5 . pl. 1 innar leid, Wb. 4b11 . inar n-óccaibh, BS 112.18 . 'nar mbél-ne, Ériu iv 118 § 37. ionur ttríar, RC xxix 112 § 7. pl. 2 i bar tolaib, Wb. 3b8 . hi far selbad-si, 8d26 . in far n-Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1636. i bar (v.ll. in for, in bur) ngnáis-si, Fél. Ep. 375. i nbhar láimh, DDána 100 § 5 ; but cf. 'nar lámhaibh `in manibus vestris', TSh. 8579. pl. 3 ina ndúm, TBFr. 244. inna mbrucc, BDD² 1282. ana n-usci, Maund. § 136.5 .

With rel. : before a rel. i n- is not folld. by the demonstrative particle a n- as is the case with the other prepp., but is folld. directly by the verb which it eclipses : i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . ind aimser hi rogabad, 24d14 . i mbí, Tur. 9. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . indat sláin, Ml. 76a6 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', Wb. 13a35 . intí i mbíi in spirut, 8b10 . arná torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech cáich, Críth G. 303. i mbí toirm cech thempuil, Fél. May 10. cairm indom-acca ?, ScM. § 11.5 . triasand láim a mbaí an scíath, BDD² 1511. i mbiat smachta ni biat caiche ; i mbiat caiche ni biat smachta `where the requisites commanded by law are observed there are no penalties ...,' Laws iv 70.3 . cā háit a bfuil an fear feasa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 811. In Mod. Ir. on the analogy of the other prepp. i n- came sometimes to be folld. by the demonstr. particle: tuar neith ina dtú tacha | bheith gan bhú ..., Dán Dé vii 3. cath ... inar' thuitetar sochaidhi, RC xvii 377.22 . an dara halt 'na gcuirthear i gcéill ..., TSh. p. 13. (cf. san áit i bhfuil do thriall, TSh. 7137 ). an ait ann ar hiomchuibhthe an urnaighthe do dheanamh in which it were fittest, Luc. Fid. 73.1 . In Mod. Ir. also, i n-+ro frequently appears as ar : a thruaill chriadh-sa ar cuireadh mé, Dán Dé xi 4. áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545. In the O. Ir. glosses the form of the prep. before ro was (h)i. Later in came to be used : irrufollnastar, Wb. 13b29 . hi roba, Ml. 62a13 . hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73a11 ; but : in ro lád, TBFr. 307. With neg. rel. : ainmnetach ret ... cride rig nime in nach dortai in doman ... i fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. in gach uile ní 'snach cuirthear lá `in quibus dies non ponitur', TSh. 5175. trí neithe ... is nach raibhe an Tighearna, 9859 .

Before cach, cech : in glosses (h)i, later somet. in : i cach réit, Wb. 20c11 . hi cach ceniul, Sg. 2a2 . in cech úair, Fél. Dec. 29. in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . in cech áis, PH 7115. in cach thrāth, Hail Brigit § 11. in gach errach, Fen. 286.x . in gach aon-duine, TSh. 2545. in gach en focal, BCC 436.29 . Occasionally is : is gach sochar, TSh. 798.

I Place .

A. Folld. in O.Ir. by dat.

1 Denoting place where (in both abstract and concrete meanings) :

(a) in : i mballaib caích `in everyone's members', Wb. 13d27 . attósa i sslabrid, 23a2 . i bar tolaib marbdib `in your mortal desires', 3b8 . Of an author's works : i nAmbaucu `in Habakkuk', 19b17 . amal donairchet hí fáithib et rofiugrad i rrect et amal asnindedar i ssoscélu, 13a36 . amal bid hi frecndairc no beth `as though he were present', Ml. 24c15 . i n-óen ṡosuth ṡillabe `in one position of a syllable', Sg. 7a3 . air thechtaid cach gutae a guth n-indi, 18a3 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana `every person has equal dīre with another in cāin regulation', BCrólige § 5 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 142.23 . dam ocus tinne in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . secht ndoruis isin bruidin, ib. 11 . bíann n-erbbad impu a mmedón, TBFr. 103. secht mílchoin i slabradaib argait, 33 . ar robōi Fergus fēin isin gliaid sin, ACL iii 5.7 . co facbath fuillecht ┐ eis (.i. lorg) a cos isin cloich, 10.12 . in raibhe i fāistine nó i ttaircetal accaibh ..., RC xxvii 294 § 58. nocho roibe dath nad beith inntib, xxiv 144.5 . uaitne dib i ndath snechta ┐ araile a ndath fhola, D IV 2, fo. 42c14 . adeir Auicenna go ndéntur céd comshuidigud na ndáine ands[n]a ceithri dúilib `that the primary composition of men is of the four elements', O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. go ndingnaid ... foslongport im chellaib `will besiege my churches', BCC 156.7 . a mac bec fein ina laim `leading her little boy by the hand,' Celt. Rev. viii 296.17 . Denoting the possession by anyone of certain qualities or characteristics : furrthain ó gCais san choghnach the chief is sufficient to succour the seed of Cas, IGT Decl. ex. 1125. ní ḟoil ionnod acht ionann `thou art exactly similar,' TD 40 § 2. ionnus gu mbiadh innta an righe do sdiurad `that they may know how to govern the kingdom,' Ériu v 132 § 67. ní raibhe ionnta acht buannadha do ríoghaibh Éireann `they were nothing more than ...,' Keat. ii 5079.

(b) among : a comgraidh isin tuaith `their equals in rank among the laity', BCrólige § 4 n. 3 . fuair a chrochad hi Parthib `met his crucifixion among the Parthians,' Ériu iii 196 § 12. easáonta ... na ndáoineadh ... ina bfuil sé `among whom he is,' v 92.9 .

(c) at, on, upon : hí flid Crist `at Christ's feast', Wb. 9b14 . huare is hi tilchaib ardaib no bitis, Ml. 14a9 . menme isind aurnaigti `mind fixed on prayer,' Mon. Tall. 151.19 . i mmulluch Usnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . Domhnall ... do bhualadh ... do chloidheamh i mbun ordóige, i 102 § 63 . dortad donnfala do shiltin as in aeer i cennaib na curad on to the warriors' heads, viii 26.15 . ro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait, ScM. § 19.7 . robenta corne ina cendaib `tonsures were shorn on their heads,' BColm. 26.6 . a mbun Cart[h]i na nGīall `at the foot of the pillar-stone ...', 72.20 . gelscíath co túagmílaib argait inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. gemel crūaid i (v.ll. ar, um) coiss a hard fetter on the foot, KMMisc. 270 § 43. i n-erblib ech at the tails of horses, Fen. 66.4 . súil i gcuid mo chomhursan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 5. o smuaintighib ... na mairtirech a crechtaib Crisd `thinking on the wounds', BCC 4.17 . ro baí ballán ... isan adart `on the pillow', Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 7 . i n-imiul in baile on the edge of the town, RC xxvii 292.10 . i mbruach alltorach in tsrotha, CCath. 459. atci buidin moir chuici isin drochat bui tarsin sruth, FDG 715. is file [i] gcois ma-raon ris ` on foot ,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5. an chroch ... do Chríosd ... 'gá chrochadh innte, Dán Dé xx 22. is aibind duit, a thuir, ... is aibinn in radarc fuil innud (to a tower), ZCP vi 26.31 . cuirid láimh i seizes : co nachar' lamh nech... lamh do chur ann durst lay hand upon him, RC xix 288 § 225. cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug ... as an mainistir amach é, Keat. iii 1948.

2 Denoting state or condition in which : hor bi accobur láe nebud dó i nnoidenacht `that he should not be in infancy', Wb. 24d11 . isind inducbáil sin `in that glory', 4c40 . i lláni etargni `in the fulness of knowledge,' 24c6 . ind fir bíis inna suidiu `who is sitting', 13a12 . bíid cach gnim inna thechtu `in its proper order', 13a28 . inna imned-sin i mbiam isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . in i comsuidigud fa hi comasndís bíit `in composition or in apposition', Sg. 217a1 . i bar ngnáis-si `in your company', Fél. Ep. 375. dol asa eol a richtaib con `to stray in wolf-shapes', BCrólige § 32 n. 13 . cach ['la] gabal i ssuidiu araile hi sesam `every [other] division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 . conna-ētai focul fort chenn i córai properly , ScM. § 14.7 . ataat inna mbrucc in a state of dejection, BDD² 1282. tusu ad c[h]ollad, ACL iii 234 § 6. minub ina duthracht bes if it be not with good will, Ériu v 20.y . is é timairg for cech eclais co raib a durrthech ┐ a relec hi nglaine `to have its oratory and its burial-ground purified', i 219 § 6 . fororbart a cland-side ... co mbatar i mmílib so that they were thousands, LL 649 . tainic ... i n-uaite ṡloig `with a small company', Fen. 144.y . do bhī in Pelagius sin ... a nāemthacht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, ZCP xiii 179.21 . batar a n-itaid ┐ i tart mor, RC xxiv 196.11 . bai sidhe hi cocadh fri Find, xiii 7.z . in duine nach biadh isnna dubhailchibh marbhthacha, Études Celt. i 78.15 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib `certain end of life' (taking place of the more usualgen.), Fianaig. 92.29 . a thabairt i rricht feola aili `in the guise of other flesh', TTebe 1861 . bu gairid bía ad bethaid risna cathaib, 1030 . ar bhfaicsin Críost i gcruth bháis, DDána 16 § 5. cor fhoscail C. C. a suile ... ┐ e 'sa mbas `and he dying', BCC 414.3 . gach mac ... | dá raibhe i n-aois an airdríogh, Studies 1934, 90 § 22 . 'san luas na ttreigfitt as quickly as , BNnÉ 148.25 .

With poss. before certain vnn. : comtha ... ad lenamain, Prolegomena 27 n. 2 . an tṡlat oile 'na adrad the other youth worshipping him, ZCP viii 563 § 28. ion bhur lenmhuin, ML² 331. as-bert fria ina sloindiud `as he named himself (?)', BDD² 47.

3 Denoting manner in which : by means of, through, by : direnar hi comdire ... fri grada ecalsa `is paid for by equal dīre with the church grades', BCrólige § 7. nad airnaidet a tir ina frithfoltaib coirib `who does not sustain his land by performing the proper corresponding duties', § 16. ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding by contracts', § 55. i mbommannaib arberad bith ind lítain a cuid uli `he used to consume all his portion of porridge in morsels', Mon. Tall. 135.9 . Cairbre ... do mharbhadh i bhfeill by treachery, Ériu i 101 § 55. forbhfáiltigter : an radhorc a ndath uaine, an t-eistecht a bhfoghor éttrom `gratification is afforded: to the sight, by the colour of green ; to the hearing, by a `light' sound', O'Gr. Cat. 277.27. rofersum failti friu ina n-anmannaib uadéin by their own names, D IV 2, fo. 45c5 .

4 Apposition.

A noun in apposition may be preceded by the prep. i n- (governing dat.) + poss. This was a development of the older use of the dat. without prep., e.g. is bés dúibsi far n-Ultaib, ScM. § 9.4 . ro bámarni .xu. feraib ┐ ar cúic súili déc desa do chaechad dó, BDD² 1130 and note. Hence with prep. : dúinni nar nUltaib, LU 4637. is bés dúibsi in far n-Ultaib, LL 112by . cid ma ta in mhorc[h]oinne seo acaibh in bhar nGeistedhaibh why have ye, Gesteda, ..., Ériu v 148.56 . dobudh nár dhúinn ionur ttríar Ulltach `to us three Ultonians', RC xxix 112 § 7. ní iomdha dhúnn i n-ar ndaoinibh `not many of us men ...', Dán Dé xii 1. do bhríogh gurab ennádúir amháin dhiadha gan roinn atá ionnta na ttriúr, Ó Héodhusa 25.5.

5 In predicates

(i) with subst. verb : itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra, ACL iii 239 § 34. 'na bidbuid no go mbí fear until a man is an enemy, Ériu iv 212 § 2. dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do gneithi ann ... is 'na chath no biadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.23 . do bī 'n-a adhbar rīg, ML² 30. Feidhlimid mac Toirdelbaig ... ina Húa Conchubuir `... was the Húa Conchobair', Maund. 6. tét sé a comlaidir sin ... co mbí sé 'na uiscci mhilis .xx. míle 'sa fairrcci móir (of the Danube), 7 . is dearbh go bhfuilim-se im dhuine shomharbhtha, TSh. 143.

(ii) with other verbs : tanic in mac i n-a aenur, RC v 199 § 6. doberad ingen prinnsa da muindtir fein dam ina mnái, Maund. 47. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha `I came a troubled ghost', TTebe 1899 . tarla ... an mac ... 'n-a dhalta foghluma ag Ciarán ar tí bheith 'n-a mhanach, Keat. iii 826.

6 After verbs of dividing, changing, putting, ending, etc. somet. folld. by dat. (but see infra B. 4) : trí traigid .x. a [a]ircha[e] ara rorandathar bés a thige indi, Críth G. 105. i nniarcomrucc ... forcenda ollbairdne, IT iii 11.2 . do-roinded a chorp i cethri blogaib, PH 1856. rocúmscaig i ndelbaib brechtnaib, 1740 . gur claechló an t-ór ina ghran ... eorna, BNnÉ 233.9 . timarcad i llige chro `after he has been forced into blood-lying', BCrólige § 1 n. 1 . aca cur hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar, ZCP xi 65.10 . do c[h]uiredur insna reachtuibh-si mē, Feis Tighe Chonáin 437. nár chuirthe seadh sna sealbhaibh saoghalta, TSh. 364.

7 Various abstract meanings.

in the matter of, in respect to, in regard to : adib éolig and `ye are knowing therein,' Wb. 26b12 . cosmili fri Adam ngnímaib et accobraib, 13d12 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', 13a35 . ar nebmóidem hi magistrib `our not boasting as to masters', 8d26 . i ndiad nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu over whom he takes precedence in swearing, Críth G. 42. annsom i n-otrus la Fēne `most difficult in regard to nursing', BCrólige § 15. brithem eola(i) i mbiadaib `a judge who is knowledgeable about refections', § 31. ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter', Mon. Tall. 151.13 . rosuidiged cutramas eneclainde ... isna bechaib `equal honor-price was fixed for the bees', Laws iv 200.8 Comm. i pendit ind áosae galrich `in the case of penance laid on sickly persons,' Mon. Tall. 146.27 . indat mebhair-siu ... isna airigthib gascid, TBC-LL¹ 3552. nīmda cuimcech-sa hi suidiu I am not capable of that, ZCP viii 310.11 . do agra Fechín isin saer `to expostulate with F. about the wright', RC xii 346 § 39. a n-abar ann dámadh fíor if what is said in this regard be true, Dán Dé xxvi 17. gurab eigin don liaigh éolus do bheith aige i naduir na heaslainte-si, 23 K 42, 186.3 .

according to : nach fer ... folongar i fenechus `who is being maintained according to native law', BCrólige § 22. rocoraidhid ... cách fo gradaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ a ndligemnus `everyone was seated according to rank, profession and lawful claim', Ériu v 234.35 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi according to the true nature of scripture and conscience, i 214.6 . adeir N. 'na ugdaras fēin on his own authority, ZCP xiii 181.20 .

instead of, in compensation for : inni uil do chach ... i crolige bais d'fertain air `that which is due to each for inflicting a mortal blood-lying upon him', BCrólige § 1 n. 6 . eiric in gac gruaid iarna brisidh `wergild for every cheek after it has been broken', § 64 n. 1 . cidh bias isin beoguin `for the life-wound', Laws iv 232.21 . in bur cintaib for your crimes, Anecd. i 44.2 . is olc an t-íc dhamh thu annsna righaibh... do thuit leat a poor compensation for the kings, CF 922. déirc sin (sic leg.) saint `almsgiving instead of greed', Dán Dé xxiv 9. beag an éaraic iarrfa id ghuin, DDána 30 § 16.

in contrast with, as against : is étrum in digal i mméit in pectho `the punishment is light for the greatness of the sin', Ml. 126b6 .

for the purpose of, with a view to : d'imcoimet na mna doberar isin ngnimrad `who is given to do the work', BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . a ndilgud chinad, PH 2993. i comartha dilguda, 3117 . i ndíoghail a athar in revenge for his father, Ériu i 101 § 56. rogabus ben ar eicin. Cid indaragbais ? why did you seize her ?, ZCP xii 362.18 . cf. bat becda fri becdataid, i ndēntar do thol that your will may be done, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 18 § 8.4 . bat tó fri tó[i], i n-étsider aisnēis, ib. 6 .

In expressing the specific extent by which one thing exceeds or falls short of another : to the extent of : corop máa i n-óenṡillaib in comparit, Sg. 40b7 . a nnád foirpret i n-oenṡillaib `when they do not increase by one syllable', 48b5 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a tuile ar cach óen laithiu `by which the flood is slower day by day', Thes. ii 14.35 (Bcr.). a coic indid óa (of the moon) `by which it is less', 20.41 . mad i ndib n-uarib deac nammá bas laigu cach mí ..., 10.4 .

8 ann 3 s. dat. m. and n. form of i + pron.

Freq. to be translated there, therein : bid [prec]eptóir cách and `every one will be a teacher there', Wb. 13a13 . maní bé est ánd tuas ┐ mad argumento bes ant, Ml. 14d1 . issed inso nád chumaing ara-n-ísar and ` 'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . robatar indsin (rectius and-) etir da tráth din ló, RC iii 184.28 . teid Conán onn (=ann), Duan. F. i 67.29 . feirinnsgne sáoi ┐ flaith : an sáoi, an flaith as cóir ann, IGT Introd. 9.7 .

Used predicatively

(i) with subst. verb expressing existence and in identification clauses : ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre `if there be anyone who speaks many languages', Wb. 13a4 . tuc an ingin aithne gurbh 'e righ Eirenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6. rofiarfaig Fechin don rigain scéla in claim ┐ ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 . is é droch-nós do mhothaigh do bheith ann, TSh. 359.

(ii) with other verbs : fagham saor ann dá mbudh eol let me find an artificer who would know, Dán Dé ix 24. is tú thug na haibhne ann | 'sna maighre ar fhud na habhann, vi 38 .

Used pleonastically :

(i) with clauses introduced by áit : Cath Bhealaigh Féile ... áit ar thuit iomad do Mhuimhneachaibh ... ann, Keat. iii 2338.

(ii) anticipating a follg. adv. or adverbial phrase : is and rogab ar tús tes it began in the south, RC xvii 416.24 . is and ata mo chumachta comlai[n]d am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . is ann batar dá dhuirb isin uisci there were two worms in the water, RC vi 175.44 . = is amlaid: is and ro boí Cu Chulaind iar mbéim dei a lened ┐ in snechta immi, LU 5856 . is and ra buí Finnachta oc imbirt ḟidchilli, LL v 39060 . is ann buí-seom: oc sním irchomail fo Grip, SCano 238 . ? atá ann = atá amlaid, Celtica xii 190 : atá and iarom conid hé ainm in cnuic Forgemen, LU 5830 .

(iii) in a rel. clause expressing identity : as é as faoisidin ann, gerán tuirsech doní an pecach, Mac Aingil 165.10 . is eadh is treas bás ann .i. bás na péine, TSh. 1948. Contrast : issí poetica licentia and tormach inna á , Sg. 31b12 .

B. Folld. in O.Ir. by acc.

1 Denoting place whither : i nníulu `into the clouds', Wb. 25b23 . tri dul isna lucu arda, Ml. 23d23 . dulluid Pátricc o Themuir hi crích Laigen, Thes. ii 241.5 (Ardm.). aratesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that b should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . corop si cetathe ... hi tech n-óil that she go first, LU 8825. tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is gathered into three words, Críth G. 40. a guin inna dí chúlaid, 538 . snáidsiunn in sab slúagach | i sossad n-ard n-óiblech `into the high sparkling station,' Fél. Sept. 21. arna tailctis isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. do ḟeitheam a long ... as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in,' RC xvi 142.6 . cloictheach ... ┐ eoin duba diairme índ ┐ as `passing into and out of it,' xvii 394.32 . ar dhol ionnsa bhfiadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1173. gan dul isin mbelach mbodhba sin, ML² 337. éirg i férmaig Taillten tall, Ériu iv 106.2 . a chroch dhearg i ndeachaidh Íosa, DDána 2 § 15. dat. for acc.: arna digsed i nUlltaib, Ériu viii 175.3 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 801. téidheadh isteach i bpurgadóir Phádraic, Keat. i 48.65 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha, TD 15 § 45.

2 Denoting state into which : ar cor hi far selbad-si `into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . dotháod som im muindterus ndé, Mon. Tall. 134.31 . ros-lá i socht na h-Ulto, ScM. § 9.1 . is inna réir tíagait `they submit to him', BDD² 791. dol ina troid `go to fight him', Duan. F. i 79.3 . go ndeach mo chorp i gcaoile, Dán Dé vii 23. do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B., 20.12 . Apparently folld. by dat. : co ndechaidh i muinighin Brighte (? or read mBrighte), RC xxvii 292.y . docuadur a millsi brīathar ┐ a cāine comrāidh re chéile, ZCP vi 105.9 .

3 After words denoting hope, trust, belief, respect, liking, attention, etc., and their opposites: ní intiu fadesin dorecachtar `it was not in themselves they hoped', Ml. 53b11 . do neuch no-dn-eirbea ind `that shall trust in Him', 51b10 . tri chretim i n-Ísu `through belief in Jesus', Wb. 3c2 . gan cás at anam agad `not to care for thy soul', Ériu viii 195 § 4. tuigther dhún ... gurub faill tug 'nar tegmáil `that he has neglected our quarrel', iv 216 § 17 . ni raibh cadhas aige i gcill no i dtuaith `he recked naught of ...,' ZCP iv 398.5 . a menma indeḟeithmech dogrés i nDia, RC ii 400 § 42. in midochus dobi acu annsa tor do cosnum, xix 282 § 212 . uair is iniud ata mo tairisi ┐ ni ha caruit cumachtaig ele, TTebe 3673 . san tsúil ... ná cuir suim (dat.), DDána 8 § 5. déin trocaire orainn do réir ar ndochais ionnad, Parrth. Anma 9.2 . d'egla go ccuirfidhe amharas na bhas, Ó Héodhusa 63.8. dimbríogh do thabhairt san uile ní, TSh. 343. dúil ag duine i gcraos ┐ i ndrúis, 396 .

4 After verbs of changing, putting, dividing, ending the acc. is more common (but see supra A. 6) : cona tintuuth i mbélre n-aill `with their translation into another language', Wb. 13a1 . in tan domberam ar menmain intiu co lleir `when we give our mind to them diligently', Ml. 21a8 . fodailter i cóic libru `is divided into five books', Hib. Min. 46. forceinnfitis anmmann inte `nouns would be ended in it', Sg. 6a6 . co ro-deglad a ndeich renda, PH 1212. gurb i luaithreadh do claochlódhthaoi é, TSh. 300. do chuir sin do thuicsin innti curbé Gaibriel aingil ticced do labairt ris `made her understand ...', Maund. § 126. i n-am cruais dá cur im chúis `will be brought against me in my day of trial', Studies 1933, 140 § 12 .

5 Various abstract meanings.

for, on account of : nimbia durata ind `he will have nothing to give for it', Ml. 57a13 . connabáe níi indid n-ingaba á chocubus `for which his conscience may reprehend him', Wb. 11d8 . i ngabál (sic) lóge `for taking pay', 16d4 . bó i ndéicsin [n-]ind for looking into it, Críth G. 211. ca hindeochad do-bérad in rí forru ind (in punishment) for it, BDD² 196. do-gníth in chomairle hísin ┐ do-bertatar glindi ind di síu ┐ anall on both sides securities were given for it, 421 . esrócartha isan ngním sin | seasca lanamna, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 50. dobértar dā boin 'sa mboin ┐ dā cháirigh 'sa gcāeirig, Fianaig. 72.18 . doté(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil i córus [n-]othrusa, i mboin (`an aitire goes surety for the man who inflicts the wound for [his due observance of] the rule of sick-maintenance, [i.e.] for a cow [as penalty for non-observance ?]', tr. Ériu xii 83.26 ), Críth G. 53. ainmnetach ret ... cride ... rig nime i nnach dortai in doman ... fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. Contrast : tucc buidechus do Día in a tindlaicibh, ZCP xi 128.26 .

Cf. indid Niall ... ro malart since it is N. ..., AU i 438.26 . faelid-sem ... hi nglen luch inna gerchrub, Thes. ii 293.24 ( SP ii ). indid Alend is dún fás, Hail Brigit § 14. inid mo athair ... ortabairsi, BDD² 737. olc i n-a ndligend bás d'fhagbail `for which he deserves', PH 2719.

as (see GOI §249.2 ) : tabeir i taurchreicc céile as a fief for a client, Críth G. 252. fáccaib in .vii. maid mboin ... i fochraic in tíre as payment for the land, 94 . gebtit iudei i n-apid, Wb. 26a8 . dobreatha i n-asgaidh dhó as a gift, TBC-LL¹ p. 367 n. 6 . i llóg a batsi `in payment of his baptism', BColm. 10.17 . dia ndechadh ... iom giolla fo[glamma] i n-Espain `als Lehrling', TBC-LL¹ 5662 (Stowe). ar is īatt robói ana farrad ann a fían a saert[h]a `as his protecting fian', BColm. 94.8 . a screbull a todúsc[th]e as fee for bringing him back to life, ACL iii 226.2 (= i screpall, RC xxvi 370.27 ). gur marbhadh é féin 'na éiric, Ériu i 102 § 63. go dtug Brian fáinne óir ... i n-almsain ar altóir Árda Macha, 82.3 . i comhardha na mīrbaile in token of the miracle, RC xxvii 300.14 . ro íarr a n-impidhe `as a request', Fl. Earls 50.23 . co tarttsat a mbú ... i lón sloigh día n-amhsaibh `as provisions', Hugh Roe 68.14 . dat. i forciull ar cainte `as a testimony of', PH 1576. a n-eisimplair ogachta na hi Muire, D IV 2, fo. 45c37 .

II Time.

1 With nouns of time : (a) with dat. to express point of time, (b) with acc. to express duration.

(a) isind óin uáir, Wb. 25b16 . hi cach láo, 4b21 . hi tossuch, 5c16 . i n-aimsir in tindnacuil-sin, Ml. 55c1 . i n-aínib ┐ domnachaib ┐ chorgasaib, Críth G. 145. isin blíadain, Fél. Prol. 281. fíach n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 137.3 . isin laithiu i rrogénair, BDD² 111. a láoibh áille `on fine days', Ériu ix 168 § 44. lim congébat sind ló baga, TBC-LL¹ 444. i n-aimsir thēchtai at the prescribed time, Ériu i 218.22 . a[n] nemlabhuirt a n-aimseraibh airithe, v 130 § 47 . i ló an mheasa `on Judgment Day', Dán Dé x 6. re sidi ... ngaithi inn a[i]msir gairb, TTebe 2403 . i ndeireadh bheatha, TSh. 885.

(b) is dia bendachthe isna bithu `He is God, blessed for ever', Wb. 4c4 . ní tremfeidliget immurgu issa suthin `(they) do not endure for ever,' Ml. 21d4 . i flaith Conaire in the course of C.'s reign, BDD² 229.

*1 (With verb) when : inraptar lán[a] a c[h]óic blíadna 'when he was five years old' TBC-I² 537 . hi nglen luch 'when a mouse sticks' Murphy Lyrics 2 § 6 . hi tucu cheist 'when I understand … a problem' ibid . imsa naídiu 'when I was a child' 86 § 5 . imbu macán when He was a small boy Blathm. 90 § 1 . inde-cluinethar ... inden-aici 'when he hears it ... when he sees it' AM 18 § 59 . i mbi 'when it is' CIH ii 529.20 , Pagan Past and Christian Present 26 . Succat a ainm i tubrad 'Succat (was) his name when he was carried off' Thes. ii 308.18 , Ériu lvi 41 n. 58 . 2 ann = then, in that case :

in tan mbís diabol n-airech désa lais is and is aire désa dia n-eper[r] ..., Críth G. 258. is and is rí(g) in tan dodnimmchellat dréchta[i] gíalna[i], 569 . ar fochraic tucustar duine a fearunn ann-sin, Laws iv 136.7 Comm. is and dixit in ben thereupon , ScM. § 3.4 . in tan ro ngabsat na curaig tír, is and robuí Mac Cécht oc béim tened i mBruidin Dá Derga, BDD² 479. is ann sin trá do-luid Conaire íar Slighi Chúalann, 429 . ba forpthi, anōraigthe a lá-sa ar na mirbuilib imdaib-si forcóemnacair and, Ériu ii 196 § 14. cuirid daeine úaisle comurtha ... ara n-aighthib, óir ann is dóig léo fein co ra bíattis uáisle 'sa doman `for then they think ...', Maund. § 158.

Pleonastically after nouns denoting time, when these are used adverbially :

do-luid feachtus n-ann dar aenach mBreg Léith `once upon a time', BDD² 2. a mbūi-seom laa n-and for Bendaib Bairchi one day, Ériu ii 22.5 . luid C. fecht n-aen ann do accalldaim in ríg, RC vi 175.52 .

III With nouns denoting occasion or circumstance : i cach caingin `in every dealing', Wb. 25b5 . isin tsenmim dedenach `in the last call', 13d18 . ar mu sémi-se ... isnaib fochaidib, Ml. 22d1 . foghlaim ad lenph when thou art a child, Ériu v 134 § 82. co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic ┐ co mbo dítnith in cach guasacht ┐ co mbo comdídnad iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.13 .

IV Frequently forming prepositional and adverbial phrases, e.g. i n-agaid against, opposed to : gē mōr do shluaguibh ... biadh ionn bur n-aghaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1907. armad treisiti a nert ind aghaid a namhat, Ériu viii 174.15 .

i cend

(a) against : do scáin in comla 'na cend `the door burst in towards them', Ériu iv 118 § 28. nach tuigit a nguasacht no go tecat lucht innill na sás-sin i n-a cend, PH 7739. coimēirghi na cōig cōigedach i n-a c[h]enn, ML² 1136. ná digis t'aenur | i cenn ríg Temra, SG 365.10 .

(b) as well as, in addition to : cech cúmsanad hi cend a chele, PH 3647. do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, 7730 . cion Eabha i n-aghaidh an Dúilimh | doirbh téarnamh ó théid 'na cheann `when others are added to it', Dán Dé iii 16 .

i cinn at the end of : hi cind nói mblíadan, Ériu iv 94 § 12. conarba luga hí hi cind mis oltás orcc cránai, PH 7210. hi cind Ruis Omna `at the head of ...', BColm. 82.19 . i ndead after : i ndead innanísin, Sg. 1a5 . regad i nbar ndīaid, TBC-I¹ 509. amal atberum i n-ar ndiaid, PH 63. i ndegaid after : cech consain i ndegaid araile, Sg. 7a4 . foraindi ┐ for ar maccaib i n-ar ndegaid, PH 2731. i ndochum towards : ronfáid ... i ndochum n-Iffirn, SR 1856. i ndorus in front of : for-ránaicc ... a ndorus a lis, BDD² 1514. i ndorus do thige, ScM. § 11.5 . ro cing Poimp indorus a pupaill for in eac[h] sin, CCath. 4738. i ndorus Ierusalem, ACL ii 144.22 . suidis Cáilte ar in carn i ndorus in dúin, SG 139.10 . i fochair along with, in the company of : is it fhochair-siu bed-sa, CCellaig 789. am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. i fus here : in slog biid i fus, SR 4537. in tan nad bi Adam hi fos, 1193 . fad gairit bias Cáilte ibhus, SG 139.x . Somet. of this world as opposed to next : na da bethaid iarsa fhognann (MS. ḟogh-) cech iresech i-fhos (MS. i ḟos), PH 3547. do nirt a shúalach i-fhus (leg. i ḟus) i nnert a fhochraice forórda ┐ a bethad suthaine thall, 4674 . i lleth with, in the company of : ní-terpi illed nach áili `thou dost not trust thyself with anyone else', Wb. 1d10 . hóre attá innar leid `because He is with us', 4b11 . Colmān ... im leth `by my side', BColm. 94.23 . dire so fuil i leth inneic is dir do biadh along with what is due ..., BCrólige § 17 n. 4 . i leth fri in regard to, with : batar ... i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda `in many unions with several women', BCrólige § 57 n. 7 . is cinntech i leth fri Dia ┐ ecinntech i leth fria dainib `finite to God, infinite to men' (of the number of the angels). PH 6218. cen co derntar gabail ... i lleth friu `though an attack be not made.in regard to them', BCrólige § 37 n. 2 . iss ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam il-leth frit-sa that caused me to doubt you, MacCongl. 57.6 . i tossuch at the beginning : i tossoc[h] ná epistle, Wb. 14b2 . i tosach nach lae, CCath. 3807. adv. a n-as irchride is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 . i tús at the beginning : indroet som sochaidi hi tús `at first he had received many', Mon. Tall. 135.17 . i suidiu then, thereat : ro-boí buille dar áo i suidiu, ScM. § 18.4 .

idan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. idan or dil.ie/27179

 

adj o, ā pure, faithful, sincere, disinterested; fitting: idon quasi idonius .i. dingbāla, Corm. Y 754. idan immorro .i. idon ab eo quod est idoneus .i. tairisi , 78 . iodhan .i. glan, O'Cl. idhan .i. comlán, ut est idhan cach foglaim co n-idhna, O'Dav. 1083. coman .i. idhan ut est escoman .i. anidhan, 462 . bat idain fri cach réit `let them be faithful' (gl. fidem bonam ostendentes), Wb. 31c13 . cuiriss dím cluu idhan, ZCP vi 258.4 . bid i.¤ a áentu frind, Fél.² lxi 27. ro indarb Patraic an treide so .. uair rob anidan, Laws i 44.14 Comm. isi crich ann sin na idhan do dulius (sic) `which it is not proper to enter,' iv 144.16 Comm. ainced idnu, cuimriged essidnu, Tec. Corm. § 2.15 . uisci iodun, K. and H. § 18. ni hi.¤ lais ... a thaechtad `he does not consider it clean dealing ...,' Mon. Tall. 143.15 . ar n-i.¤ fiad testaib Dé we are guiltless, SR 3583. mor do athescaib idnaib, 4611 . bī fri hidnaibh go hidhan, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 22 . cor torrach Muire mātha[i]r co hi.¤ in virginity , ACL iii 244 § 12 . i.¤ tāncais-siu ar talmain | mar tic blāth, 242 § 15. mo phort i.¤ án | m'ilad ┐ m'úag, LU 9885. a Crist cuirp idain comlain, LL 36b margin . is aire-sin doberim comairle hi.¤ ... .i. Ísu do lécun as a fhorcongul `sincere,' PH 2764. dia chongbáil co i.¤ do ghrés cen chomrac ri nech aile chaste , RC viii 150.9 . is biror as i.¤ donaib sruithib fitting?, Ériu iii 104 § 35. epscop ┐ ógh iodhan, AFM ii 660.7 . urmhór na haicme iodhaine, TSh. 2274. mar do ríomh sibh go hiodhan ` fairly ,' Content. xxviii 41. do dhruim iodhan an achaidh over the pure ridge of the field,' DDána 37 § 9. is idhan do gním ┐ is forbti herlabra, D IV 2, 45a7 .

aí idhan name of a metre: aí idhan so ┐ Cend Ghegain dosroine, IT iii 101 § 183.

Compds. ¤chnes pure skin: a mbí d'fhuil ret iodhainchneas, Aithd. D. 65 § 21. ¤glan pure: is codhnach gealadhbhadh na n-ógh n-iodhanghlan, 76 § 7. ¤lerg: san iodhainleirg bhfleadhaigh bhfinn, DDána 74 § 47. ¤mac innocent child: baoí earc sleibhe i ngach láimh ... don iodhanmac, Ériu v 82.8 .

imchlaidbed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imchlaidbed or dil.ie/27365

 

n o, m. vn. of imchlaidbid. the act of exchanging sword strokes, fighting mutually with swords; an exchange of sword strokes: iomchloidhmeadh .i. bualadh no comhrac re cloidhmhibh, O'Cl. arránic díis mbráthar and ic i.¤ im ḟerann ind athar íarna hecc, Trip.² 1236. tiachtain ar comairle mná | d'i.¤ rit chomalta, TBC-LL¹ 3678. la homun in imclaidbidh frisna cairdib ar trill, CCath. 2436. nir'bo tairisi leis tocht i n-imclaidbed cat[h]a a n-agaid a namat. 3044 .

murchuirthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. murchuirthe or dil.ie/32863

 

Forms: murcurthaidhe, murchorta, murchuirthe, murchortha

adj io, iā. (muir + part. of cuirithir) lit. `that which is sent or thrown up by the sea ', hence

(a) one come overseas, a foreigner , oft. distinguished from a `deoraid' = one of a different territory or tribe: as murchorta m'athair ┐ me fein, YBL 140a34 . do fir taistil .i. do muirchuirti, Laws i 156.30 . eiric tar cend murcuirthi, v 182.9 . mac murcuirthe .i. mac eissidhe beres bean don ḟine d'Albanach (i.e. the son of an Irish mother and a Scotch father, a definition too restricted), iv 290.6 Comm. a ndeoraid ┐ a murcairthe, iii 16.29 Comm. is iad na murcairthe, na daine saera ┐ a cinel tar muir, H 3.18 p. 119 ( O'Curry 223 ). na deoraide ┐ na murcurthaidhe , Eg. 88, fo. 32c ( O'Curry 2415 ), perh. meant for pl. of murchortach. trian lōige eneach caich dia murchur[th]u .i. . . . do daer tairis (tairisi v.l.) . . . cethraime do daer erendach, Ir. Recht 39 . See ib. 7 ; 72 ; Cóic Con. 65 § 15 ; Stud. in E. Ir. Law 243.

(b) property cast up by sea, flotsam ; do murchorta , Laws ii 104.8 (d s.). muirbretha (.i. im caithim tascair do tuinde .i. na muirchoirthe), i 182.1 , 9 . murchuirthe [murchortha, -thorad v.l.] dílse `forfeiture of sea-waifs' (lit. sea-waifs forfeited), Tec. Corm. § 1.27 .

ráthus, ráithius

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ráthus, ráithius or dil.ie/34861

 

n o, m. suretyship, liability (for someone): arsisither a cin ┐ a rathas .i. tairisi a cin forra, O'Dav. 95 . condelg nach airfoema nech ina rathus `that he should not receive anyone into his responsibility' (i.e. become surety for anyone?), 482 . rathus a ime fort, Laws iv 140.24 . raithus, i 274.30 . ograthas . . . slanrathas . . . fialrathas, H 3.18 p. 24a ( O'Curry 66 ). cid mor do cintaib ┐ do raithius ro dlecht dia athair, 204 ( O'Curry 365 ). rathus `cion' (i.e. liability ), Leb. Gab.(i) i 18 n. 12 . See Bürgschaft 75, n. 2 .

seirsénach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. seirsénach or dil.ie/36978
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: seirseanach, seirsenach

n o, m. (AN sergent, Risk 587, 592 ), cf. sarsen. `seirseanach, an archer, a bowman, sagittarius ', O'Don. Suppl. `seirsenach an auxiliary , . . .', O'R. Two exx. support the meaning sagittarius : Mathghamhuin . . . do mharbad le sersénach do muinter Domnaill, ALC i 196.16 = ab aliquo sagitario, RC xlii 294.380 . do luighedar sersenaigh imdha ┐ do cuiredh .u. shaighde annsumh, ALC i 302.12 . But the usual meaning seems to be a mercenary, a hired soldier : do cuiredur tra Gaill creca mora . . . 'ma macaib Ruaidri co sersenchaib diarmithe, Ann. Conn. 1235.11 . Cathal . . . do chur thuaiscert Connacht dá furtacht, ┐ cath sersénach maille friú `a battalion of mercenaries', ALC i 190.21 . do fagbad uathad do mhaithib Gall, ┐ seirséanuigh imdha aige, uair nir tairisi leis Connachtuigh, 284.4 . do chuir Aod . . . Félim, a brathair, ┐ maithe da muinnter co (sic leg.) Gaill-sheirsénchaib, ar creich Eogain I Eidhin, ib. 25 . a sersenaigh do sgoeiled fo Connachtaibh, 226.1 . Tadhg . . . do marbadh . . . do shersenach dochnaith do muinntir a brathar fein, AU ii 342.1 . co rabhadur na mna ag sersenchaib an tslúaig, 224.8 . sersénaigh ┐ ceterna do bhadar ar Finnloch Cera, 330.27 . maigisdreadha na sersénach, 326.25 . do tsersénchaib Connacht, 206.9 .

As a sobriquet: duine airide . . . darb ainm an Sersenach, BCC 140 (140.23) .

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