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danar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danar or dil.ie/14595
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: danair, danair, danar, danaraib, danaru, danara, danair, danḟer,, danḟir, dainḟir, danair, danar, Danair, danar, danair, danar, danaraib, danaraib, danair, danar, danair

n o,m. g s. danair. n p. danair. g p. danar (danair LL 192 a 23 (:samain); Cog. 152. 1 ; Acall. 5655 ). d p. danaraib. a p. danaru ( LL 183 a 26 ; TFrag. 132. 20 ), danara; danair ( TFrag. 132. 15 ). Often wrongly associated with fer and written danḟer, pl. danḟir, dainḟir (e.g. TFrag. 158. 6 ; Keat. iii 2455 , 2932 ; Coneys). The pl. danair renders Norse danir `Danes'; the sg. danar is modelled on the o-stems.

I A Dane, a man from Denmark, a dubgall or `dark foreigner' as opposed to a findgall or lochlannach `a Norwegian'; also dub-danar under the influence of dub-gall and dub-geinnti; but find-danar does not occur. The pl. Danair is never used for `Denmark ' (cf. Danmairg). Other synon. danmarcach (anmarcach), daunites (aunites). —In the Annals of Ulster, which offer only three instances, danar appears for the first time under the year 985; then it appears once in the SR and in various early Mid.-Ir. texts from the LL and YBL. In all probability the name became fixed about the middle of the 10th century; it is later than the synonymous dubgall and dubgeinnti (first occurrence AU A.D. 850 ).— na danair do thuidecht i nairer Dáil Riatai...I Coluim Cille do arcain do danaraibh, AU A.D. 985 . AFM ii 718. 14 , 17 . lasna danaraib, AFM ii 718. 6 . ár mór forsna danaraib rooirg I, AU A.D.986 . AFM ii 720.3 . Danair = Daunites: dream díbh asedh adberdís conid lochlannaig dá ffurtacht sam dream oile conid daunites .i. danair, TFrag. 116. 5 . isin aimsir si tangattur aunites .i. na dainḟir, ib. 158. 6 . Danair = Dublochlannaig: do ghabháil bharántais Dainḟear nó Dubhlochlonnach, Keat. 2932 . Danair opp. Lochlannaig, Normainnig: lochlanduigh danair normainigh ┐ frangcaigh, MacFirb. 423 k . r oforuaislig long na ndanar long na lochlannach ┐ marbaid na danair lucht loinge na lochlannach. lengait a naoinḟeacht uile na danair i ccenn na lochlannach...tugsat na danair longa na lochlannach leo go port. ragabsat tra na danair arsain mná...na lochlannach, TFrag. 116. 13 . rathionolsat dá thoísech loingsi na lochlonn slóigh móra a naighidh na ndanar, ib. 118. 1 f.b. eidir danaru ┐ lochlannaigh, ib. 120. 5 . etir dhanaru ┐ ghaoidealu, ib. 132. 20 . táinig Zain leithrí na lochlann dingrim na ndanar, ib. 122. 5 . tiaghaid na danair for longphort na lochlann, ib. 122. 15 . tainic Cerbhall reiṁe dionnsoighidh na lochlann go slógh mór danar ┐ gaoidheal, ib. 132. 1 . echtarchinedaigh....i. lochlannaigh ┐ danair do inredh na hErenn, ib. 226. 7 . is risna danaraibh doronsad na gaoidhil sin uair ba lug[ha] ba caraid dóibh iad ionáid na lochlonnaigh, ib. 234. 14 . as cian na rosaighsiod danair ná lochlannaigh orra, ib. 230. 13 . dergár na ndanar ┐ na lochlannach, ib. 232. 11 . Further examples from TFrag. : n pl. danair, 116. 11 , 16 ; 120. 1 , 6 ; 122. 12 , 27 ; 124. 8 , 10 ; 130. 10 , 20 ; 132. 10 ; 172. 10 . g pl. danar, 118. 1 ; 122. 7 , 27 ; 228. 6 , 12 ; 230. 20 . d pl. dona danaraib , 122. 8 , 22 ; 130. 23 . forsna danaraib , 120. 6 . risna d., 122. 14 ; 234. 8 . umna d., 124. 7 . a pl. danair 132. 15 . dochraiti mór fa feraibh hÉrenn ó lochlannchaib ┐ ó danaraibh dulgib dúrchridechaib, LL 309 a 3 (cf. Cog. 2. 3 ). mór dimned raḟulṅgetar fir hErenn ó lochlanchaib ┐ o danaraib, ib. 309 a 11 ( Cog. 222. 5 ). míle láoch do dhubhdhanaroibh dána a thousand bold black Danes ALC i 4. 17 . conadh .vi. catha coṁmóra coiṁlíon na ndanar (sic leg.), ib. 6. 4 . loṅgas...hic saigid for cach gním ṅgarg | danair a tírib Danmarg, SR 2380 . Brian...ba galar garg ort la droṅg ṅdanar ṅDanmarg, LL 133 a 1 f.b. dofaeth Brian mac Ceindeittigh...a bas hi ccath na ndanar, Anecd. ii 21. 1 f.b. da bliadain damsa iarsin i rigi for danaraib in kingship over Danes (or vikings) RC xxiv 414. 1 f.b. (YBL; the anachronism is noteworthy). cath for danaru i nDaire Chalggaig Danes or foreigners LL 183 a 26 (list of battles). biaid orra nert danar ind the power of the Danes (or the vikings) shall be over them for it Fen. 220. 21 . is iad aicme táinig ann an tráth soin .i. dainḟir ón Dánia .i. Denmarke , Keat. iii 2455 . —Ambiguous: co dún danair Dublinde, Acall. 5655 . danair Puirt Lairge, Ériu i 78 § 2 .

II A viking in general; syn. 1 Gall. rotincell senCiaran in scél cétna .i. danair fo thrí do gabáil Érenn, Cog. 10. 19 . ragell dÉrinn co fa thrí dáma danar dubloṅgsi, LL 309 b 8 ( Cog. 225 a 4 f.b. ). isin phurt ua dóigh dḟaghail a longaibh do danaruibh (says Enna to Conall Gulban; the anachronism is to be noted) by the vikings (or Danes) Fen. 404. 2 . táisig loingsi ┐ inarbthaig ┐ danair iarthair Eorpa uli in dias sin (sc. Brodor and Amlaib, sons of the king of Norway) the chiefs of the vikings of all the west of Europe Cog. 52. 1 = goill iarthair Eorpa, AFM ii 772. 9 (dealing with the same event). drong na ndanar do scaipeadh thar sáile (of Brian Boruṁa) ITS iii 164 l. 64 .

III A stranger within a territory, a foreigner in general; sometimes Synon. with deórad. duine eisidhe (sc. Owny O'More).... dobhen urlaṁas a atharda a los a láṁa a dornaibh danar ┐ deóradh, AFM vi 2178. 19(A.D. 1600) . an fer rob ḟerr oinech ┐ bá mó cendairrc ┐ cointinn re galloib ┐ re danaraibh ima duthaid with the English and all foreigners ALC i 489. 26 . ní tháinic ó Brian Boruṁa anuas fer is mó dodhíthaig do danuraibh anás, AU ii 554. 6 (A.D. 1375 ; of Donnchadh Caemanach Mac Murchadha). corp in danair nar bu diu. maraid fon charn adcísiu (of Noah's son Bith who died at Sliab Betha soon after his arrival in Ireland, cf. RC xvi 154 sq. ) BB 397 b 37 ; ib. 1 . 26 , he is called deorad: atchiu lecht deorad du céin. Here also LL 137 b 27 : Lifi ben Deltbunni...mac side Druchta in danair, cf. Dinds. 12 .

IV Often, like gall, applied to Englishmen : ticfa graifnech Cruachna díth danar co dédla the bold destroyer of the English Fen. 280. 14 (probably referring to Turlough, son of Aedh O'Connor, who died A.D. 1244). dícerthar na danair the Englishmen will be expelled, ib. 282. 23 . díth ar danaraib, ib. 374. 17 . gur thuit Brían Binne hAbhaidh a gcath Dhúin re danaruibh so that B. fell by the English Miscell. Celt. Soc. 156 l. 126 (of Brian O'Néill, †1260; cf. Ann. of Clonmacnoise A.D. 1260: Hugh O'Connor went to assist Brian against the English). attcuas immorro do dhanaraibh Duibhlinne adhbhchlos ┐ erdhercas an ṁic sin, Hugh Roe 2. 3 f.b.

V In depreciatory sense a cruel and ferocious foreigner or barbarian, a robber, pirate, bandit ; often connected with allmarach, díbergach, indarbthach; synon. 2 anmargach. It is probable but not certain that this sense arose on Irish ground, although a similar development of meaning has taken place also in Old Norse Brjótr berg-dana `the oppressor of the giants' (the rísir) occurs in the Snorris Edda (i 882. 2 ; Hýmiskviða 17) as an epitheton of Thórr, and Snorris Edda i 298. 2 , flóðrifs Danir applies to the rísir. fer díthláithrigh danar ┐ díbhergach ┐ innarptha allmurach ┐ echtair-chineoil a hÉrinn the extirpator of bandits and marauders ALC i 582. 20(A.D. 1316). torchair .xc. danar dibergach sacsanach ┐ lochlannach aroen friu, Cog. 206. 13 . fiche cét danar dian dolig dibercach durcraideach do anmargachaib, ib. 152. 4 . ní baí danar no díbergach don fichit cét sin can lúrig, ib. 152. 7 . Here perhaps Metr. Dinds. ii 46. 16 : Dairbre mac Ligmuine irlaime im debaid danair readiest in savage conflict (Gwynn).

MOD. danar, g s. and n pl. danair, a Dane, any stranger or cruel foreigner P. O'C.

dásacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dásacht or dil.ie/14713
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dásachta, dásacht, ndásacht

n ā, f. Madness, fury, panic. g s. dásachta CCath. 786 . d s. dásacht, Wb. 9 b 7 . 28 a 11 . Ml. 34 a 21 . a s. i ndásacht , Ml. 20 b 7 . The noun from which dásacht is probably derived has been lost in Irish. Explained as diṡocht. ní bí i socht. nó dásocht .i. díosacht. ní bí i foisecht acht ó loc do loc iter utmaille ┐ labra, Corm. ad v . It translates Lat. amentia, dementia, furor, rabies.

I Madness, insanity, esp. applied to insanity characterised by wild excitement; also (in animals) rabies, esp. of dogs and bulls. for dásacht mad, insane . dul for dásacht to run mad. rosngab dásacht they have gone mad. duine do chur for dásacht to madden a person. These phrases are used in all senses of dásacht. Often connected with 1 baile, duible, geltacht, míchiall, mire. dásacht nó mire, O'Dav. 628 . aṁail fear baoise nó búainghealtachta lán do dhásacht ┐ do dheirgṁire, TSh. 167.1 . marb imorru do dásacht an Tomrair sin bliadhain si ar nimirt do Bhrénainn miorbhal fair, TFrag. 164. 2 ; 166. 18 . derig a menma mar leoman ar dasacht ac dul fo eallach, RC xix 40. 7 . cuilén con rohailed lais...a dul for duibhle ┐ dásacht uada, FDG 30 (B iv 2). gabait na heilifaint for miri ┐ d.¤ , ZCP i 390. 17 . dam, tarb for dásacht a mad bull, pass.

II The condition of being possessed by a demon, the popular explanation of insanity. tradere huius modi Satanae in interitum carnis ut spiritus salvus sit, gl. aliter is do dásacht asberar a thindnacul sa is tre sodin bid slán á anim som in die domini , Wb. 9 b 7 , where `a thindnacul do dásacht' renders Lat. `tradere Satanae' as in Wb. 28 a 11 : Hymenaeus et Alexander quos tradidi Satanae .i. paenitentiae nó do dásacht. luid demun isin errig...┐ rolín dasacht ┐ mire in ríg cona thimthirigib uli ┐ nolabratís na demna tria nginaib, PH 746 . rothuic Partholon conid demun rochuir in duine for dásacht, PH 1986 . do ṡaigid in apstail arco tíssed do ṡaerad a ingine amal roṡaer in fer bói fri dásacht reme, ib. 1992 . in foirenn roptar cendsa artús rosóitea i lonnus iarum fri hElizár ┐ midset conid for dásacht bói, PH 6563 .

III Imprudence or delusion approaching insanity, madness, extravagant folly; translating amentia, dementia; syn. mí-, dí-chiall. consuetudo est hís...quos in amentiam (gl. i.e. i ndasacht) amaritudo compellit conquæri de Deo , Ml. 20 b 7 . roḟáitbe immorro in pobul cunnail dásacht na foirni se ita a populo sententiae sanioris inrisa (sic leg.) est dementia Todd Lect. v 92 (LB). as mór an ṁíchiall ┐ an dásacht fil forainn bheith as gach tír attír ar fud an doṁain gár marbhadh, TFrag. 160. 6 . is dásacht a ndogníthi si ┐ atbar dásachtaig fén, LB 212 a 10 . is dásacht ┐ ní fellsamdacht, ib. 211 b 12 f.b.

IV Extravagant excitement, wild desire; inspired frenzy, ecstasy; translating furor , Gk. μανία; syn. dreis. eos non proelii necessitate inpelli sed solo furore raptari, gl. .i. ho dasacht, Ml. 34 a 21 . bag a Baccho (sic leg.) .i. ón dassacht, O'Mulc. 117 . bach .i. dreis no d.¤ , O'Dav. 207 . dorn idir dán is dásacht poetic frenzy O'Gr. Cat. 357 . baoi Uilliam Búrc for dásacht ag leanmain an madhma. iadhaid muintir an Chláraigh uime ┐ gabhthar leo é, AFM iii 498. 8 .

V Wild, ungovernable anger, frenzied rage, fury; also a fit or access of such passion; warlike rage . Often connected with such words as 1 ferg, díḟerg, innire, fíchmaire, 1 dechrad, dremun, mire; dísc(i)re, déine, alltacht, borba, garbe.—dreaṁan .i. dásachd mire nó míchiall, O'Cl. gor chreathnaidhtheadar ┐ gor uaṁnaidhtheadar díosgarṡluagh ḟear nÉireann re fúaim a ndeac[h]racht ┐ a ndásacht, TBC-LL¹ 3824 Eg. is annsin lingid dassacht i Piláit then a fit of passion seized P. PH 2818 . tanic Astriages...┐ in uliṡacart aroen fris ┐ demnu oca nimluad ┐ siat for mire ┐ dásacht PH 2160 (cf. II). goro líon dfeircc ┐ dinnire gur bhó súaill ná deachaidh for dásacht, AFM vi 2360.5 . go ngabhann fearg ┐ dásacht an líaigh ris antan bhíos ag diultadh an neith budh maith dhó do ghlacadh, TSh. 229. 15 . dásacht ferga a strengthened ferg: do coṁdhaingnigheadh dásacht tfeirge orm a Dhé, TSh. 116. 28 (= is orumsa choṁnuigheas do dhibhḟearg, Bedel Psalms 88. 8 ). doghabh d.¤ feirge é, Keat. 1064 . cor go bhfillidh an tighearna óna dhásacht feirge ┐ go ttaisbeanuidh grása dhuitsi, Bedel Deuteronomy xiii 17 . dásacht , O'Mulc. 216 , for dásachtach.

VI Harshness, roughness, hardness, inconsiderateness ; the opposite of cennsa, trócaire, trúaige. non parcit medicus ut parcat saevit ut misereatur .i. ní choigleann an líaigh go gcoigleadh. gabhaidh dásacht é go ndearnadh trócaire nó go ngabhadh trúaighe é, TSh. 229. 11 . dásachd roughness HSD.

VII A sudden and excessive feeling of alarm, panic, fear, terror ; often connected with dible, duible, sceóin (a sudden fright), uathbas. go ro memaid do graidib Gaedel scréoin (sic) ┐ sceimnig diallaib ┐ dásacht (v.l. for dophar ┐ for dásacht, Stowe) TBC-LL¹ 3824 . rofostad ésein (sc. Dubdiad) ic dola ar dibla ┐ ar dásacht re huathbas in forgaim sin MR 200. 14 . raghabh dásacht fairenn díobh ┐ aseadh tangattur dionnsoighidh puible Maoilseachlainn. andar leo rab iad a muinntir féin, TFrag. 148. 11 . re mét in deinmni ┐ in dásachta búi forro ic déirgi na cathrach, CCath. 786 . cor cuirset Connachta a nár...┐ con ndechatar drem ar dásacht díb some of them fled in a panic RC xviii 161. 33 . co ndeachadar (na heich) ar d.¤ , SG 68. 12 . ba machtnadh mór ná diccsidís aes uirṁeta ┐ aradha for dreimne ┐ dásacht la coistecht frissna caismertaibh catha, AFM vi 2130. 10 . dairigh me dásacht ghránṁar éigin is pairithis bháis im chnáma sim cheadfadh, Midnight court 949 .

MOD. Obs., but given in most mod. dictionaries : Lhuyd, Coneys, O'R., Dinneen, HSD., Macd.