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airchoimted

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchoimted or dil.ie/1736
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: airchoitmed

vn. of ar-coimtimm, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 512 . Later also airchoitmed. act of excusing, excuse: ni tellfea doib irchoimted in hora iudicii , Wb. 26a23 . inn erchoimded gl. apologiam, Tur. 82 . ní damdatar erchoimded they suffered (i.e. would take) no excuse, Trip.² 2383 . cid ara cuirther do trise ina lesa so? co tardad neach [cach] urcomded de, Laws i 236.10 . d'erchuitmed a chinad le[s]-sium = quasi excusationem habeat, PH 5165 . robói . . . oc erchoitmiud (erchoitmedmiud, MS.) na tánaic . . . ar ro boi a tromgalar, TTr.² 809 . Erchoitmed ingine Gulidi, title of a story, Hib. Min. p. 65 . ier ttabairt a choipsen go huilidhi gan urchuidmedh fon doman, Fl. Earls 154.22 . As comic n.pr.: frisrogart Aurchuitmhe (Aurchoimned v.l.) mac Sodethbir . . . co n-erbuirt sidhe ac urchuitmhe (aurcomdet, aurchuidbeth v.ll.) assa leith, Anecd. ii 68.2 . ? ag urchuitmhe (oc aurchoim, oca hurcoim v.l.) ar Themraig, 53.z. urchuidmheadh .i. diúltadh no leithsgéal, O'Cl. Cf. auráin .i. aurcomndeth, O'Curry 123 ( H 3.18, 75a ). tícht co P. do erchoitmed fris to make excuses for him to P., Trip.² 2173 . ba h-irchuitbed fri foigdech 'making excuses to a beggar', MacCongl.² 27.854 = aerchuidmeadh fri foigeach, BB 66b37 = airchisecht fri f., Triads 83 . bai . . . B. . . . ic erchoitmhedh frisna cléirchibh expostulating with, Lism. L. p. 224 n. 2 . ? aurcoimde . . . im biadh, ┐ cidh adhaltras no techt for coibdelaigh do cach aon chena is inann ┐ in teisinnracas mbreithre, O'Curry 1947 ( 23 Q 6, 50 b ). cethardha foloing imarbas . . . slatratu ┐ urcoimded, Laws iii 92.12 . ? cedfaidh cach nurcoimdedh uadha som, iv 356. 18, 21 .

airúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airúath or dil.ie/2461

Forms: erud, urud

n (1 úath) also appar. erud, urud (see Lochlann ii 213 )

(a) dreadfulness, terribleness, power of inspiring dread (regarded as an attribute of a hero): fer rosasad a ǽs . . . ┐ a erúath, LU 4844 ( TBC-I¹ 354 ). ní acim di gráin na héruath . . . latt . . ., I cannot see that you are sufficiently terrible or awful . . ., 5656 (ib. 1179 ). tinól Dauid . . ./fri herud na hairmiten, SR 5914 (`fear' Gloss.). cáiniu di ḟlaithib . . . eter urud (uragadh, urfuath, v.l.) ┐ gráin ┐ báig, TBC-LL¹ 5172 . fer án athlamh co ngrain ┐ eruath, TBC St. 4215 . cathmílidh co n-úath co n-erud, TTr.² 1070 . ri ba mo grain ┐ urud, Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . immumdiched a urúath, nambiathad a aruit, LL 14230 . ? dillechta in slóg sorchaidhe / gan a coimsid costadaig / imdíched a n-iruatha ( i n-iruat[h]a, TBC St. 4694 ), TBC-LL¹ 5690 . conā tardad gráin nā hirḟūath leis ina dochum, acht amail nothīsadh do dhāil nō aenach, ACL iii 5.8 (of actual weapons ?). is ond Labraid ille fil gráin ┐ gératacht ┐ ómun ┐ aurḟúath for Laignib, LL 21046 . la auromun / auruath niath nertcride, ZCP viii 306.11 .

(b) terror, dread: imgaibtir athai . . . rém ḟuath ┐ rem erud, LU 10276 . a ecla ┐ a urúad (uruath v.l. St.) dread of him, TBC-LL¹ 3303 . ná tairmescca erḟuath na égcomnairt sib, TFrag. 44.z . atrubairt . . . nacar eicen uath na herud don cathraig no need to dread the city, LL 408b44 ( TTr. 2263 ) = úath ná herod, TTr.² 1731 . re huruad meic inn Ardrig for fear of, Ann. Conn. 1225.17 .

As n.pr. Find, Eruath, is Fatemain, LU 10550 . Uath Urud is Aislinge, 10552 = Hiruth, ZCP viii 217 § 10 .

athapad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athapad or dil.ie/4643

n (apad) renewed notice: conach ecin do athapadh, Laws i 98.27 Comm. cu tardad athapudh, ii 64.3 Comm.

baithis, baithes, bathais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baithis, baithes, bathais or dil.ie/5268
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: baithis, batis, baitse, baiste, bhaistte, baithius, bathais, baithes, bathais, baithis, baithis, baithes, baitsi, baithis

n m. and f. (Lat. baptisma, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 220 ) a s. baithis, Thes. ii 242.10 (Ardm.). g s. batis, LU 2998 (H). baitsi, Trip.² 76. baitse, Ériu xx 160.7 . na baiste , Trip.² 97. in bhaistte , Lism. L. 2835. d s. baithius, Wb. 12c39 . bathais, Blathm. 170. baithes m., IGT Decl. § 38 (87.20) . bathais baithis f., § 150 .

(a) baptism; the order of baptism, the baptismal rite; in looser sense, faith, creed: cerudglanta (leg. -glante ? edd.) tri bathis, Wb. 4a6 . tre baithis, 14c19 . tris in iris fosissetar i mbathis, Tur. 43. husce . . . asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91. ro erlég in mbathais, 94 . baithes Pátraic faith, religion, Fél. Apr. 5. bathes már Maicc Maire, Jan. 6 (bathais, baithis, baithes, v.ll.). Pól i mbathis brethae, 25 . tria muir na baisti ┐ na der[g]martra, BColm. 104.22 . baithes ┐ comna, Laws iii 32.30 . o baithiss by baptism (a name), LL 371c3 . ro tréigsiot . . . a mbaithis Críostaídhachta, TFrag. 126.19 . téit fo baithis is baptised, is named: intain diagmani fo baithis, Wb. 3a15 . Tur. 55. ceni teisi fo bhathais `though he had not been given a name', Blathm. 668 (MS). Cf. in drema bui cen baitssed riam . . . tancutar chuice fo bathis, PH 247. do-beir baithis (do) baptises: ar ba Patric dubert baithis du Ch., Thes. ii 242.10 (Ardm.). Cf. nī mad tardad baithis tonn / tairthī caithis ind-úairib, ZCP xii 296 § 4.

Attrib. g s. Pátraic . . . athair baitsi ┐ creitme fer nErenn, Trip.² 76. mo c[h]enn battsi, BColm. 82.28 . Eoin baitsi John the Baptist, Lism. L. 3325. Eoin Baisde (: gaisde), Dán Dé xiii 7 . IGT Introd. 14.29 . comus ṗingni baisdi baptism fee, Hy Maine 78.7 . bond baistte (a tribute payable to clergy), BNnÉ 265 § 230 . screaball baithis Pádraig, Keat. iii 377.

As quasi-vn. oc baithis na hi Brigti, Vita Br. 2. a mbai Patraic oc bathis Lugne, Trip.² 827.

Of a heathen rite: gur chansat an mbaithis ngeintlidhe, Cóir Anm. 251 (p. 392.29) . atbert in drui triasin ṁbaithis . . ., ZCP ii 134 § 5.

(b) By association crown of the head: mullach cinn .i. a baites, Bretha § 2A . ó mullach mo baisti / go hingin mo coisi, Laud 615, 55 (cited Contribb. 187 ). o bathis coa bunn, LL 30592. o bhonn go bháthais, TBC-LL¹ p. 369 n. 5 (H, Eg.) = o mullach co talmain, text. in baithis gl. uerticem, Gild. Lor. 248. in baithes gl. cephale, 83 . benais a bricín da baithis ┐ sgáilis a folt, Fianaig. 72.30 . robuail builli . . . a mbathais an doirrseora, ZCP vi 276.14 . mo chathbarr . . . / gach én gébus má baithis / ní bia fó aithis móile, SG 248.26 . gríos beo do bháidh ar dtreise / do-cháidh tre bheo ar mbaitheise cut us to the quick, DDána 81.1 . bonn a chos ris an aird soir ┐ a bhaitheas ris an aird siar, TSh. 5758. For the phr. lann baithise the fontanelle , see 1 lann.

comdeithbires

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comdeithbires or dil.ie/10993

n (deithbires) only in Laws Comm. (gl. forms of coimge): co tardad nech urcomded de, .i. co tarta cach in comdethbhirus dlegar de lit. equal (full ?) justification , i 236.15 . gen comdethbhirius turbaidh air, 286.w . fiadhain . . . ria cach comdethbirius, 300.30 . coimdedh .i. coimdethberus, ut est fo coimdedh .i. fo coimdethberus, O'Curry 1423 ( H 3.18, 638a ). coimdi .i. comdedberus, O'Dav. 580 .

? corrfeis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? corrfeis or dil.ie/12532

n expld. as compd. of 1 corr and 2 feis(s): co tardad drochfurec bec doib . . . ┐ doradad lesainm forsin cill ucut .i. ceall corrfesi, BB 299a22 `of the Wretched Repast', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 204 . cell corrfeisi .i. cell a nebh[tha]r feis co corrach (.i. englas), no coirfeisi .i. coir fiach .i. ar ise coir na fiach cennarraic, O'Curry 2069 ( H 4.22, 67b ). ? Cf. coirfeis f., IGT Decl. § 13 (66.2) . fige na coirptheisi a cur / brugh bile goirmceise as geal, ex. 614 .

dantmír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dantmír or dil.ie/14622
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dant-mír, dant-mír

n nn, n. (dant + mír). Usually identified with curad-mír `the heroes' morsel,' but dant-mír seems to signify a piece of food which, according to old custom, was put between the teeth of the dead: rosfúair hi fástig oc fuiniu héisc for indéin ┐ bae cenn Lomnai for bir hi cinn na tened. in cétlucht doralad dind indéin rantai Coirpri doa tríb nonburaib ┐ ní tardad dantmír i mbeolu in chinn olṡodain ba geis la Fiannu the first batch that was taken from the gridiron, Coirpre distributes it to his thrice nine men; but the `dantmír' was not put into the mouth of the head though it was a `geis' with the ancients (to do so) (rather: 'a thing which it was a geis with the Fíanna to do' RC xxxvii 19) Corm. Bodl. 30. 2 . Stokes's interpolation is wrong and disturbs the sense. The custom must have been deeply rooted, for in the old Egerton fragment of Finn's death, ZCP i 464 sq. , it is told how supernatural powers secure the dant-mír for the decapitated head of Finn: confuaradar iascaire na Boinde. ceathrar dóibh .i. trímaic Uircreann ┐ Aicleach... conécmaing Aicleach a cheann de ┐ corubhradar maic U.— rucsat a chenn leo i ḟásteach ┐ roḟuinsit a niasc ┐ rorannsat i nde. a cheann hi cind tenedh. tabraid dantmír dó or fer dubh docluichi ó na mair Aicleach. rorannadh in tiasc i nde .i. fo thrí ┐ badar trí cuibhrind ann béos. cidh so or fer díbh. is ann isbert an cend a cind tened:

ised fodera an tresraind libhsi cen síl napeli

arnatabhar damsa oc proind uaibsi mo ṁír ma...ele.

The Brehon Laws punished the removal of the `dant-mír' with `athgabáil treise': athgabáil treise i folomrad do mairb (d s. fem.)...im archor auptha mimir do chor do choin dantmir do breith ó fir besa ái carrying away the `dantmír' from the person to whom it belongs Laws i 176. 4 ; to which the commentary adds the following note: .i. curadmír .i. do breith ón fir isa hae hé .i. diablad in cura[d]mír no eneclann .i. amail roberta ó Choinculainn. eneclann and ar treisi, ib. 180. 3 f.b. This seems only an attempt of the commentator to find some sense in a word that naturally enough was obscure to him, as the pagan custom it refers to was bound to have disappeared with Christianity.

desimrecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. desimrecht or dil.ie/15770

Forms: des(s)imrecht, desemmrecht, dessemrecht, deissemrecht, desmrecht, desmerecht, desmeirecht, deisimbrecht, desmirecht, desmberecht, d., desmerecht, desimrechta, desimrechta, desimrechte, desmerecht

n u, n. later m. Spellings: des(s)imrecht, Wb. 5d10 , 31c11 . Sg. 35b13 . desemmrecht, Wb. 12c35 . dessemrecht, 24c8 . deissemrecht, 24c14 . desmrecht, Ml. 118a7 , Sg. 66b17 , 18 , 20 . desmerecht, desmeirecht, LU 451 , 462 . deisimbrecht, Hib. Min. 4.130 . desmirecht, desmberecht, PH . Decl.: n s. d.¤ n-aill, Sg. 66b20 . in desmerecht , LU 451 . g s. desimrechta, Wb. 26b18 . n p. desimrechta, LU 482 . a p. id., Sg. 214a5 , Anecd. ii 11 . g p. desimrechte, Wb. 26d17 . desmerecht, etc., LU 478 . PH 4775 .

Corresponds to Lat. exemplum.

(a) example, exemplar, pattern: condid d.¤ do chách, Wb. 5d10 . combad d.¤ ícce cáich, 28a13 . áes drochbæsgnai . . . dia ngabthar drochdesmrecht, Ml. 118a7 . lécfet desmbirecht sonarti ┐ calmachta do na moethoclachaib, PH 6559 . iar nd.¤ Iudais, 5297 . gaibid d.¤ (de) takes example (from), Wb. 24c14 , 26b18 . Ml. 118a7 . PH 3573 . Of texts: is inunn chiall isindi as scit ┐ as nóuit isin dib desmrechtaib so (i.e. the Roman and Gallican psalters), Ml. 114b1 .

(b) sample, specimen, illustration: cia chollit araile in cánaidsea ná gabar sin amail d.¤ , LB 203b56 . ni tuc a d.¤ he cited no example of it, Sg. 100a7 . a nderbad hua desimrechtaib, 90a3 . d.¤ fetarlicci an example from the Old Testament, Wb. 29a13 . do dheismireacht na ndechnad, IT iii 20 n. 3 . co tardad d.¤ do chách in mod o clofitis he—tria umla, PH 4817 . agso deismireacht na hAmhra ag aithfhriotal briathar Choluim an example from the Amhra, Keat. iii 1414 . rofoillsicchsett desmerechta imdha a ndeggnimh do thúathaibh . . ., Anecd. ii 11 . roinn deismireachta na hAmhra Coluim Chille verses to illustrate the A.C.C., ZCP xiii 8.15 . With AR: desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb in feminino, Sg. 66b17 ; ib. 18 . desmirecht ar gach deach fo leit[h], IT iii 20 § 59 . Used to introduce a quotation, etc. deismerecht air sidhe, ut dixit in filedh, Laws i 4.1 . Cf. 16.z . dlighidh se . . . deismeireachd iomdha do bheith aigi orra ó ughdaruibh . . . do shuidhioghadh a n-aibeóradh, IGT Introd. § 2 . ag so deismeireacht air (citing an illustrative couplet), § 18 . Folld. by defining clause: desmberecht nach cóir fuirech . . . cen a comallad an example (to prove) that, PH 5699 . With IM: gurbo deismirecht im impod for Cesair la cach impodh damhsa fair that my desertion of C. may serve as an example to others to desert him, CCath. 3679 .

díbdud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díbdud or dil.ie/16009

Forms: dígbúd, dígbád, dígbhóid, dioghbhudh

n u, m. vn. of do-bádi. Later dígbúd, dígbád, etc., see IGT Decl. § 103 , Verbs § 64 . drowning, quenching, extinguishing; fig. destroying, extirpating, extinction, destruction: in mac rocháem do díbdúd . . . i n-inbiur srotha Cí, LL 220b7 ( TTr. 242 ). teora dabcha úarusci do dibdúd a brotha, LU 3794 ( SCC § 36 ). tucad i trí dabchaib uaruscib é do díbdúd a fherge, TBC-LL¹ 1365 . do didbad (leg. dibdad) inna tenaid, Anecd. iii 34.12 . co tardad Dia dilgud ṅglan | cen nach nd.¤ do Adam, SR 1648 . dia nd.¤ (: dilgud) dia ndianarggain, 5588 . iar ṅdibdud int síl rigda, Rawl. 79b10 . gním da tanic doib dibdad | a ndegathair d' athrigad, LL 151a8 . bá líach d.¤ na flatha sin sad were the quenching of that reign, BCC § 102 e . dligid cach doinnech d.¤ , ZCP xi 84 § 34 b. ic d.¤ góa, Goid. 170.4 . iar ndíbdud toile (ndibdudh, ndibdad, ndibudh, MSS.) after extinction of desire, Ériu ii 66 § 12 . (cheville) fáth cen díbdud, MS. Mat. 488.10 . cen (sic leg.) dibdad, cen dōd, ACL iii 34.3 . digbad a fine, Laws iii 54.1 . innarbadh ┐ dighbhadh na n-imarcrach expelling , 23 P 10, 15 b24 . éacht airdrigh can ionaclann, | a ndíogbhúdh da madh loinn leis (: ríoghdhún), Book of O'Conor Don 348a28 . g s. naithrecha in dígbhóid danair (: rígshlóig) `the snakes pernicious (i.e. who destroy the nestlings) are the English', O'Gr. Cat. 461 . fuigheall tar éis a ndíoghbhoigh (: dóibh), Hard. ii 102 . Treated as fem.: sgriosfuidh sé iad le dioghbhudh móir, Deuteronomy vii 23 . do dhíobadh ┐ do sgrios cumhacht an phobail, Esther vii 11 .

1 dícheltair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dícheltair or dil.ie/16091

n (dí + celtar, cf. cel- conceal) covering, concealment, disguise, invisibility, spell rendering invisible: díchealtair .i. fé fiadha no duaithniughadh, oir ceilidh an té ar a mbi, O'Cl. dodechaid d.¤ tairsiu co nár árdraig fer díb, Trip.² 517 (= nusquam comparuerunt, dempti ab oculis regis, Lat. Lives 8 ). dorat [Uenir] dichealtair umpo ┐ dochuatar gan fhaiscin edir na sluaghaib, Aen. 307 (= multo nebulae circum dea fudit amictu [eos], Aen. i 412 ). focerd de co hobund in diceltair robai tairis, 346 . tardad dícealtar tairsib, ZCP viii 103 = tucad cealtar tairsib, Ériu ii 186 . ní facatar in tír . . . ár tucad [di]cheltcair dhiamair dráidechta tairrsi, SG 354 . Cf. 1 celtair.

dílgud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílgud or dil.ie/16416

Forms: dílgotho, dilgutha, dílgutha, dilgudo, dilguda, dílguda, dilguid, dilgeda, dilgadh

u, m. vn. of do-luigi. IGT Verbs § 83 . g s. dílgotho, dilgutha, Wb. 2c17 ; 14c19 . dílgutha, dilgudo, dilguda, Ml. 55d5 ; 32d15 ; 46b29 . dílguda usually in mid.Ir. but dilguid, PH 2323 . dilgeda, Laws v 386 (text).

(a) forgiveness, pardon, remission, forgiving . The person forgiven is regularly indicated by the prep. DO; the thing forgiven to the person is expressed in the O.Ir. glosses by gen., in M.Ir. also by the prepp. DO, I N-, TAR CEND; once in SR by dat. without prep. (1700). d.¤ pecctho, Wb. 5c8 . d.¤ do chách, 14d23 . cen d.¤ cech ancridi dognethe frib, 9c20 . rad dilgutha pecthe, 14c19 . dilgud a pecthe ndoib tri baithis, Tur. 45 . conairleci d.¤ ar pecthae ṅdún, Ml. 105c9 . ba chuimnech dilguda duinni fochosmailius dundrolgis don popul robo[i] in egept, 46b29 . postulo veniam a Deo .i. dotluchor dilgad o Dia, Corm. Y 20 (Anecd. iv). ni dlig demun dilgud, Laws i 8 . nech nad roich inní frisa mbi ferc do dilgad do-suidiu inna cridiu denad aithrigi du dia colleir he who cannot forgive in his heart him with whom he is angered let him repent earnestly to God, Ériu vii 170 . tria chai pectha co n-iris dilguda `of lamenting over sins, with faith in forgiveness', ib. co tardad Dia dilgud ṅglan | cennach ṅdibdud do Adam, SR 1647 . im dilgud dot immarbos, 1608 . gadatar Dia . . . | im dilgud d'Adaum hifus | dia gábud, dia immarbus, 1651 . dorigni Dia . . . | slandilgud cinad Adaim, 1654 . gadamar huili Dia ṅdil | im dilgud duib for cintaib, 1700 . dilgadh ┐ dilgend mo phecthadh, Otia ii 97 . gabsait buaid iar ṅd.¤ , Fél. Oct. 29 . gabam ar ferge firbruth | tabram dilgud diar naimdibh, ACL iii 321 . do chungid dilguda dia chintaib (Pref. to Celebra Iuda), Lib. Hymn. i 17 . causa quia voluit Deum laudare .i. do chuinchid dilguda dona tri cathaib doroine (pref. to Altus Pr.), 63 . cuinnig co Dia ndilgudach dilgud m'uilc, CF p. 88 ( GJ iv 56 ). ond úair gebas cach duine céill for dilgud dó aneich dogéna di ulc, RC vi 164 . im dála dilgotha, 165 . guid in Coimdid um dilgud duit dar cend t'imarbois, MacCarthy 64 . im d.¤ do thabairt duib da bar cintaib, 66 (cf. SR 1700 ). im dilgud do Adam ina imarbus, 64 . i ndilgud chinad ┐ targabal (in remissionem peccatorum, Matthew xxvi 28 ), PH 5055 . dilgud dam i cinaid cech ecora doronus, 2240 . tabair dilgud dam do mo peccthaib, 8057 . ó dígail co d.¤ , 3508 . i comartha dilguda, 3117 . a choland chruaid . . . a choimet na fergi, a dermat in dilghudai, 8241 . oc iarraid dilguid, 2323 . do Gilla Modubda dron | co darda Dia gach dilgadh, MacCarthy 436 (BB). aitchim díolghadh glé, Ó Bruad. ii 44 . nach tú fós do dhearlaic dhamh | dóchas díolgaidh am pheacadh, GJ iv 150 (transl. of Dies Irae, early 13th-cent. MS.). diolgadh .i. maitheamh, O'Cl. absolution (theol.): do admhaig a pecadha agus d'iarr maithmechas. tug Ciarán diolgadh dhi, SG 9 .

(b) remission, dispensation (of a penalty, debt, etc.): atcondaircsom ind figeill na nóine do d.¤ `he has seen the noon-day vigil excused', Mon. Tall. 135.5 (§ 22) . dilgud ina boraime remission of the tribute, AU 694 . Laws distinguish between dilgadh full remission (of fine) and timdibe curtailment, mitigation: isi in trocaire dilgadh no timdibe aneich dleghar ann, Laws iv 252 Comm. deithbir itir dilgadh ocus timdibe, ib. is rechtaid dilgeda ben cach briugad `the wife of each brewy may lawfully remit', Laws v 386 . ? Of the sruth do aill: is tualaing a forcetal conoisce gné naisneisin co ndilgudh im an aes mbecleighind `in mercy to the people of little learning', Laws iv 356 Comm.

? diolghadh ` payment, reward ', P. O'C.

Cf. dílogad.

dingbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dingbáil or dil.ie/16621

Forms: dingbál, dingbāla, dingbála, dingbala, dingbhail, digbhail

vn. of do-ingaib. Orig. dingbál, ā, f. IGT Decl. § 148 , Verbs § 68 .

I Act of taking away, removing: dingbail cach cro otrais removal of every wounded person entitled to nursing, Ériu xii 8 § 6 (see note p. 57). as-boinn a dingbail `demands that he be removed', 16 § 18 . athgabail huither do dingbail iar ndifoilgid, Laws i 226.z . im dingbail mic baitsige, 184.16 .

Warding off, repelling, keeping aloof , with obj. gen.: im dingbail tascuir lir, Laws i 122.15 (with gl.: .i. . . . are in puirt nā thora tascur don lir, p. 128). im d.¤ aurcuilte a reir lega keeping away (from a sick man) things forbidden by the physician, ib. l. 18 . im d.¤ mic di mir keeping a child away from a madwoman, l. 21 . re catha im d.¤ cīsa dia tuaith, v 300.24 . siche raet docuiredar hi tracht maru . . . dlegar . . . a d.¤ din purt, i 128.22 . im d.¤ faithe, i 124.1 (with gl.: im d.¤ na n-indili as an faithce, 132.13 ). co n-athchur ┐ innurba ┐ dingbail, ZCP xiv 378 § 41 ( Laws ii 300 ). dingbail for curu bél ` evading ', Laws iii 390.16 .

In gener. of keeping off (an enemy, attack, calamity, etc.): is d.¤ truim don slog averting trouble from the host, TBC-I¹ 1490 . raptar biattaig fir hErend uile d'Fhirdiad ar dingbhail Conculaind dib, TBC-LL¹ 3646 . co tardad fortacht dóib im d.¤ díb na gressi rolad forro, RC viii 50.14 . ic d.¤ mebla dím-sa, LL 223b45 ( TTr. 486 ). cuich . . . bad ferr letsu do d.¤ dit?, Cog. 172.18 . ríg mar D. do d.¤ to resist a king like D., MR 202.19 . tar do d.¤ dochraite dinn, SG 320.33 . With ellipse of gen.: ni furail linn . . . do dingmhail d'fhianaibh Eirenn to ward off (attacks) from the Fianna, CF 325 .

Used of an enemy, passes into sense of holding one's own against, and hence by degrees to that of being a match for, an equal to: dáig na tic de laég a chomáisi do d.¤ he is not able to withstand a calf of his own age, TBC-LL¹ 6161 . ní rabi 'sin domun . . . óenfher da tísad d.¤ Achil, LL 244a28 ( TTr. 2038 ). a dingbail i comland chruaid | ni raibe i mBanba bratruaid there was not his match, YBL 318a26 . roboi d.¤ deigfhir indum in la sin I was a match for a brave man, Acall. 4780 . is iad so mogha (= modha) Fergusa . . . .i. diongbail shecht céd cathmhiledh a gcró catha ann, Ériu viii 136.16 . Note further: ni maith na airm-se . . . ni thic mo diṅgbail-se di shodain they are not capable of holding out against me, i.e. they are not equal to my requirements, TBC-LL¹ 1094 . nit maithe na carpait-so . . . ni thaet mo diṅgbail-se dib-so, 1123 (= ni fuil mo diongmhala-so diob-so, St.). So in gen.: ba hé fer a dingbāla leu `they deemed him (Ferbaeth) a man fit to repel him (Cúchulaind)', TBC-I¹ 1534 . fer do dingbala su, LL 238a42 ( TTr. 1285 ).

II Hence g s. dingbála comes to be used adjectivally in sense a match for, equivalent to, worthy of , at first following subst. and with obj. gen., later also as pred. and with prep. DO.

(a) ara carpait a diṅgbala ina fiadnaisi a charioteer worthy of him, TBC-I¹ 2572 . dí nóe sess-churach cutrumme dingbála tri ndrong ndechenbair fit for (i.e. able to hold) three parties of ten, BDD § 87 . cid . . . nobeth ri hErinn cin mnai a dingbala aci, TE § 2 Eg. ben dingbala ríg, IT i 74 . loimm dingmala ríg, BColm. 60.21 . fer dingmála gach duine, Hy Fiach. 250 . acht co rabat glinni mo dingbala riu provided I have securities worthy of me, MU 4.28 . robui ingen cruthach a dingmala aigi, RC x 187 . rothecht commaim a dhingbala, Fl. Earls 192.18 .

(b) With prep. DO: issí in glan genmnaid dingbála do ríg, LU 3908 . ni fer dingbala dhó misi I am not a man fitted to encounter him, TBC-LL¹ 3883 St. conar persu dingbala don epscopoti hé a person fit for the bishopric, RC ii 392 . ropad sciath dingbāla dó a shield worthy of him, LL 146b6 = PRIA xix 540 .

(c) Hence as pure adj. used as pred. with prep. DO (rarely gen.) worthy of, meet for, due to, becoming to: dingbala gl. dignus, Ir. Gl. 668 . gl. idoneus, Corm. Y 754 . teghlach fial . . . as lān-dingbāla Conchobuir, ZCP v 502 . ca fiss dóib-si . . . in barbardacht fil inna churp nach fil trumma as dingbála di inna churp there may not be a heaviness corresponding to it in his body, Mer. Uil. 63 . is d.¤ dóib dochar `torment is their rightful due', SG 63.17 . atlochur-sa do Dia . . . do beith d.¤ do gabáil mo flaithesa that thou mayest be fitted to assume, 394.34 . Folld. by dochum: nirbha dingbhala dochum airdrigh Eirenn ben arna hindarba trina mígním féin, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . nír d.¤ sinn dochum a chaithme we were not worthy to eat of it, SG 43.39 . isi bud dingmala docum a cruthaigteora fein do geinemain (of Virgin Mary), 3 B 22, 70a5 . Folld. by LA, with ellipse of DO: naptar dingmala leo in sheoit fouarotar they did not deem worthy (of them) the treasures, Anecd. ii 56 . do ba dhingbhála leis bheith ag foghlaim he did not think it beneath him to be learning, SG 16.15 .

In impers. construction, is d.¤ (do . . .) it is worthy (of), right (for), incumbent (on): co na gabat a chomorbus-som indus as dingbala doib, PH 4247 . as dingmala do deghmnai . . . a snim do tabairt fris, CCath. 4057 . as fír nach diongmála do dhuine . . . codladh . . . i lleabaidh Maodhóg no one is worthy to sleep, BNnÉ 276 . ós é lyaigh minister na naturae is d.¤ dō toil na naturae do leanmuin, O'Gr. Cat. 235.33 . Absol. it is fitting, meet: narbo d.¤ a chor fo thalmain a haithle in gnīma dorigne, PH 664 (?). is d.¤ dogabmait-ne ar césad, 2887 . cech aen dogéna bréc, conid d.¤ bás d'fhagbail dó, 2736 .

(d) Hence absol. as attrib. suitable , worthy, fitting, in later lang. used to denote excellence in gen.: a caeim-celi gráduch dinguhala, TE § 20 Eg. is m'[fh]er d.¤ frim lá, TFerbe 482 . da puitric dec lais cona mbiad d.¤ leo with their proper complement of victuals, Metr. Dinds. iii 532.18(notes). síl . . . na ndeigfer ndingmala roc[h]insett o Aeneas, CCath. 6042 . di tuait diles d.¤ De, BB 240b5 . roinn díles diongmála, BNnÉ 258.12 . dober-sa comharthaidhe maithe diongmála dhuit, Ériu v 166.35 . So in Bible, Matthew xix 21 (= τέλειος), Acts x 24 , xviii 26 (adv. comp. = ἀκριβέστερον), Romans iv 16 . As adv.: leiseóchar co dingbala na dighbāla adequately , Fianaig. 72.17 . an tan ghlacthar co diongmhála í (of a sacrament), Ó Héodhusa 206.15 .

(e) Later used also as subst. with gen. (poss.) and followed by de + subst. of definition to denote that which is worthy of, fitting for, an equivalent , a use arising out of (a) by inversion: fuair a dhiongmhala do dheghthuarasdal o'n mbainrioghain a remuneration worthy of him (= fuair deghth. a dhingbhála), AFM v 1814.10 . ní bhaoí aon triocha chéd . . . na baói a dhiongmhála do thighearna isan Tadhcc sin that would not have had a fitting lord in T., vi 2308.12 . Cf. Stowe variant of TBC-LL¹ 1123 quoted above under I.

III As gramm. term privative case: dingbhail, BB 328a21 , Lec. 323a22 = digbhail, Auraic. 1525 (reading of H 4.22 ). If reading of BB be right, word is prob. a particular application of (I) = taking away, removing .

IV In mod. lang. occas. worth, excellence, merit , a sense prob. due to corresponding use of dingbála, see II (d) above: gurab o Dhia thig . . . uile naomhthacht ┐ uile dhiongmhail oibre, Luc. Fid. 227 . creud da ttig brigh ┐ diongmhail do bheith san obair daonna, 226 .

1 do

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do or dil.ie/17096

Forms: dond, donaib, dunaib, donab, dona, dond, donaibhí, dunaibh, donahí, dom, domsa, damsa, duit, dait, deit, det, dit, duid, daid, duitt, duitsiu, deitsiu, detsiu, détso, detsi, dutsi, d, do, dóu, dou, dáu, dossom, dosom, d, di, díi, disi, dúnn, dunn, duún, dúun, dún, dun, duin, dú(i)nn, dúnni, dunni, dúni, dúinniu, dúnai, dúib, duib, duíb, dib, dib, daoibh, dúibsi, dúbsi, dóib, doib, duaib, dáib, doaib, doibsom, dom, dum, dot, dut, dot, dod, do, do, dia, doa, diar, dear, dar, dia n-, doa n-, dua, dá, dia n-, da, dona, donach, do

prep. with dat., leniting (see GOI §§ 435 . 832 ).

Forms: do (usual at all periods); du often in O.Ir., Wb. 5c14 , 33b6 ; Ml. 15a16 , 16a7 , 90a7 , b13 ; Acr. 13b3 ; Thes. ii 240.16 , 241.4 , 242.10 (Ardm.), 294.4 ( SP ii 16 ), 45.29 ; du Chaissil, AU 714 ; du for fogail, SCC § 13 . dó, Ml. 15d3 . dú, Wb. 5d19 .

In Mid and early Mod. Ir. often da, dá, esp. before cech: da cech tráth, LB 261b38 ; dá cech duine, PH 3985 ; dá bar n-óid, 5963 ; da gach nduine, Keat. iii 2087 (poem).

Vowel generally elided before vowel of f: d'agbáil, SCC § 29 . d'is cech réta, § 32 ( do facbail, Laws iv 206.14 ; do foghnumh, 250.6 Comm. ).

Freq. confused with 1 de, di, q.v.

With article: sg. dond irsolcoth, Wb. 22d27 . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 . dund fercach, Ml. 22d13 . Thes. i 498.21 (Ardm.). dund insi, SCC § 17 . dunt foirbthetaid, Ml. 14c8 . dunt imluad, 15a17 . don chomursain, PH 2748 . don fhairind, 4959 . pl. donaib, Wb. 7b1 , Sg. 69b7 . dunaib, Acr. 8a2 . Thes. i 497.16 (Ardm.). dundaib (archaic), Thes. ii 247.12 ( Cambr. 38a ). donab, 33.28 . Mid. and mod. Ir. dona.

With art. and í: dond, Wb. 3c31 . pl. donaibhí, Sg. 156b7 . dunaibh, Wb. 2c10 . donahí, Ml. 46c7 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. dom (usual in Wb. and Sg.), dam (in Ml.). domsa, Wb. 3c33 , etc. damsa, TBC-LL¹ 1110 . 2 s. duit (usual in Wb. and Sg.). dait common in Ml., TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (LU). deit, Wb. 6a11 , 12 ; 28d15 , etc. LL 275a50 . det, Wb. 5b29 . dit, 5b32 . Sg. 179a4 . TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (YBL). duid, TBC-I¹ 531 . daid, 1042 (YBL). duitt, PH 7915 . duitsiu, Wb. 6b14 . deitsiu, 30a8 . detsiu, 32c12 . détso, 6c7 . detsi, IT i 130.27 . dutsi, PH 4092 . 3 s. m. and n. commonly d, Wb. 1c12 ; 1d20 , etc. do, 2a2 ; 2c6 , etc. dóu, Trip. 218.24 . dou, Todd Lect. vi 57.10 . dáu, Trip.² 2862 . Trip. 338.22 . Thes. ii 294.3 ( SP ii 15 ). With emphasizing part. vowel usually short: dossom, Wb. 6d10 ; 9d8 . dosom, 3b7 , etc., Ml. 14a4 . f. d, Wb. 11c13 , etc. di, 7b3 . díi, Fél. 4.9 . With emphasizing part.: disi, ACL iii 309.10 . 1 p. dúnn, Wb. 2d13 ; 25c9 , etc. dunn, 26b1 . duún, 3a12 ; 4b10 ; 25c10 . dúun, 4b11 ; 10c21 . dún, 14c8 ; 20d15 , etc. dun, 14c9 . duin, FB § 49 . In later lang. dú(i)nn. With emphasizing part.: dúnni, Wb. 1a3 ; 3c15 . dunni, Ml. 110d12 , 13 . dúni, 121b13 . dúinniu, IT i 129.2 . dúnai (: clūdhai), ACL iii 298 § 58 . 2 p. dúib, Wb. 3b8 , 12 ; 6c25 , etc. duib, 13b3 ; 33b8 . duíb, 24a26 . In Mid. Ir. also dib, PH 761 , 1075 ; dib, 1433 . In later lang. daoibh. With emphasizing part.: dúibsi, Wb. 3b13 . dúbsi, 15d8 (a prima manu). 3 p. dóib, Wb. 6c24 ; 30d8 , etc. doib, 1d6 ; 12b2 . duaib, Thes. ii 238.13 ; 240.17 (Ardm.). dáib, PH 7392 . doaib, Sg. 50a3 . AU 687 , 797 . SR 7272 (sic leg.). With emphasizing part.: doibsom, Wb. 13a31 . ¤sem, 28d19 .

With poss. 1 s. dom: dum, Thes. ii 241.12 ; dumm imdídnaad, 13 . 2 s. dot: dut, Ml. 2d5 . Mid. Ir. dot, dod, do do. 3 s. dia; doa, Anecd. iii 48.5 ; 58.9 . 1 p. diar, Wb. 2d2 . dear (archaic), Thes. ii 245.8 (Cambr.) Mid.Ir. also dar: dár ṅdeeb-ni, PH 709 . 2 p. do far fírianugud, Wb. 3b27 . do bor mbrethugud, FB § 57 . do bar taig, SR 4829 . dia bhar saighidh, BNnÉ 303 § 12 . 3 p. dia n-. doa n-, Fianaig. 34.12 . Mon. Tall. § 59 , 62 . dua, RC xi 452.141 . Later also dá. See ZCP xxiv 227 ; xxv 254 .

With rel. dia n-: indí dia ruchretsid-si, Wb. 8c11 . intí dia ndílgid-si, 14d24 . secht mbráthre dia mbo . . . carcar, Fél. July 10 . dua mberar, Mon. Tall. § 11 . See 1 is. Mid. Ir. also da (dá): dontí da tucus, IT i 124.22 . With neg. dona, donach: dona-robu gnath, Ml. 129d3 . fer . . . dunar-ructhae act oentuistiu, Thes. ii 241.9 (Ardm.). do nach bis on to him who has it not, Laws iv 240 .

With alaile (araile): dialailiu, Ml. 87d13 . IT i 67.8 . díarailiu, FB § 55 . diaroli fir, PH 1483 .

To, for, etc. Used in O.Ir. Glosses (a) to translate Lat. ad, Wb. 3b14 ; 30d10 ; 16b5 (cid do uáir gl. etsi ad horam, the Lat. being literally translated), Tur. 35 . Ml. 15a16 ; 16a8 . Sg. 3b30 ; 67b10 ; 188a18 ; 217a7 . Thes. i 498.23 . (b) to render a dat., Wb. 9b8 ; 18c2 ; 28a5 . Ml. 2d10 ; 15b8b ; 17c11 . Sg. 20a6 ; 41b12 ; 69b7 ; 193a3 ; 209b6 ; 214a3 . Acr. 8a2 ; 13b3 . PCr. 65b2 . Thes. ii 34.29 ; cf. Caeur .i. do Chaieur (Cáieur being explained as dat. of Cáier), Corm. Y 698 . Hence:

A Introducing the terminus ad quem; in phrases expressing purpose, etc.

I Of destination after vbs. of motion, etc.: cumtach don fothu building to the foundation, Wb. 8c18 . téicht do Róim, Thes. ii 296.3 . lotar dia crích, FB § 56 . eirg dot thoigh, BS 44 . ho persin do persin, Sg. 209b12 . o thír do thír, SR 6835 . a inad d'inad, Laws iv 36.12 . With ellipse of vb. of motion: co cúalatar culgaire carpait dund insi (coming) to the island, SCC § 17 . Hence with pron. 3 s. n. expressing motion, see 2 dó. With abstracts: massu thol atomaig do that drives me to it, Wb. 10d26 . adcuiretar do hógi they return to integrity, Sg. 73b2 . Similarly in expressions like téit do applies to, téit do láim, gaibid do láim; dabeir d'a óid, etc. (see 1 téit, gaibid, lám, etc.).

II With follg. vn. in phrases expressing purpose.

(a) Prec. by vb.: is do immarchor chóre dotíagat it is to carry peace they come, Wb. 5a5 . todiusgadar ind anim do dénum maith, 5c18 . ní du for fogail dodeochammar-ni, SCC § 13 . dul d'fhios na sagart dá nglanadh, TSh. 375 . Cf. further: indíi adchobra-som do hícc those whom he desires to save, Wb. 28b1 . cid comarlecther foraib do daul immach that leave should be given them to go out, Mon. Tall. § 53 .

In prayers, wishes, etc., with ellipsis of vb.: Día dom chobair ar cech ṅguasacht (may) God (come) to my aid, Hy. vi 3 . cíall Dé dom imthus, Thes. ii 356.8 . dó (do +3 s. neut. pron.) to that end, for that purpose , anticipating a follg. vn. or clause or referring to a foregoing one: is do arroiéit-sa gratiam, do precept do chách, Wb. 6d14 . dó dobreth biad la Duid, | dia nertad, SR 6450 . acht má dothisad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa I will not go though . . . should come to force me, Trip.² 1355 . is do dodeochadsa . . . con-écius duib a scel-sa, Ériu ii 104 .

(b) Prec. by noun: dliged remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu a law of providence to distinguish between good and bad, Ml. 19d2 . huare nád robatar suin do shlund in dúildetad, Sg. 45b1 . nidat uain dia n-airlegunn thou hast no leisure to read them, Anecd. v 2 .

(c) Prec. by adj.: irlaim do dul bais, Wb. 16a3 . gilla comadas do faire dūine ríg, FB § 89 . is saidbir in spirut nóeb do thídnocul cecha maithiusa, PH 5454 . ni bfuil rí . . . is fearr do thabairt tuarustail, Ériu viii 136 . Cf. also: batar inricci du báas worthy of death, Wb. 5c14 .

III In follg. in sense of Eng. as (lit. for the purpose of being, to serve as): bíid-son do thogarthid this then is (for) a vocative, Sg. 78a2 . pauper laṡuide do fhemun he regards p. as a feminine, 64b5 . bíit a triur do anmaim ind eiúin gl. vultur et vulturus et vulturius, 93a2 . non fit do anmimm díles, 31b21 . conid riagolda caro dond ainmmnid c. is regular as the nominative, 93b5 ; 104b5 . mōrthar occa Cathluain . . . do rig foraibh, Todd Nenn. 140 . daine chaithit do biudh they eat human beings as food, RC xxxiv 308 . ó taoi dam' iarraidh d'óglách since you want me for a servant, A. Ó Dálaigh l 16 .

IV With vn. to express the idea of entering upon or continuing in a state or action: a mbátar do lepthugud when they were (on the point of?) going to bed IT i 67 . cid 'mo atai diar lenamuin? why art thou pursuing us? SR 1722 . mun beith cailleach an mhuilinn d'atach Christ frim, BS 122 . Impers.: do muintir in fhir atathar do crochad, PH 3172 . Used redundantly: int Ísu oc a raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 . in banliccerd occatathar d'iarraid, Anecd. iv p. xvi = oc atathar cuingidh, p. 93 .

With poss. in passive sense: an uair bhíos dá chor amach when he is being evicted, TSh. 794 . go raibhe dá ilchéasadh so that he was being tortured, 564 .

V The construction subst. + do + vn. In sentences of the type (a) ansu liumsa ind oís anechtir dia fius it is more grievous to me that the outland folk should know it, Wb. 16d12 (where ind oís is virtual subject of the vn.) and (b) ní date leu in coimdiu do crochad it is not agreeable to them that the Lord was crucified (lit. to crucify the Lord), 8a6 (where in coimdiu is virtual object of the vn.), the O.Ir. construction is identical; in both sentences the case of the nouns oís , coimdiu is determined by their syntactical relation to the whole sentence, that of subject, while do + vn. stands in syntactical relation not to the whole sentence but to the noun, its function being that of a gerund. Similarly in the sentence: cocarad chaingnimu du denum he loved to do good deeds, Ml. 14a8 , the subst. caingnímu is the object of the sentence while du denum has the meaning for the doing, to be done. Exceptions are, however, frequent, see below. In each of the sections 1-4 the subsection (a) consists of exx. where the subst. is the virtual subject of the vn., (b) of exx. where it is the virtual object.

1 Subst. is subject of the whole sentence and therefore nom. case.

(a) dofórmaich fochricc dosom sochude do creittim tria precept that a multitude has believed through his preaching increaseth the reward for him, Wb. 1b5 . issed as brig la Dia menmae do biuth hi figraib that the mind should be in the symbols, Thes. ii 255.13 . saoth lem int aos leigind do dul ind ifern, ZCP viii 470 . ba lonn lais in mnai cuil do bith oc Hiruath he was indignant that the adulteress should be with H., PH 861 . (Infl. of Lat. accus. and infin. constr.?)

(b) is maith int óis éula do accaldam, Wb. 3c4 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu, 5b42 . nipu techta in briathar diadhai . . . do scriphund ind oenluc, Hib. Min. 96 . is cóir ind almsu do thabairt, PH 6136 . With accus. of subst. (in first two exx. perh. dat. for nom.): is ferr dó in almsain do thabairt, PH 4969 (= melius est elimosinam dare, LB 47b55 ). dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimorcain, PH 6870 . ba machtnadh lasna Felistindaibh na fioru nomarbdais d'faicsin do cathughadh friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 146 .

2 Subst. as object of sentence (rarer in O.Ir.).

(a) nisn-águr dom díchill I do not fear that they will neglect me, Hy. v 105 . rocúala in n-eress cetna do fhorbairt, Thes. ii 311 . ni fitir in mnai dia brath he knew not that the woman was betraying him, SR 3207 . rocuala Sattan in uli noemu do shubugud, PH 3819 . With nom. for accus.: cuirfid [diabul] na boill d'fhognum do fén, 7799 . atfét Lucás aingil do thidecht do nim, 3043 .

(b) cocarad chaingnimu du denum, Ml. 14a8 . itconnacabar bar náimtiu do bádud, PH 1713 . forcongair D. cnamu do thabairt hi cuthi, 1219 . With nom. for accus.: atbert fria múintir int apstal do thuarcain, PH 2141 . atbert Ner na hapstail do cúibrech, 1858 . atcondairc-som ind figeill . . . do dílgud, Mon. Tall. § 22 .

3 Subst. is governed by a prep.

(a) for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotėt híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . fre terci . . . do tecmung, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

(b) hua anmmaim ailiu do thórmuch friss, Sg. 30b4 . Cain Patraic . . . cen chleirciu do marbad, Thes. ii 306 . tria doirse . . . na cathrach do forbrissiud, SR 5348 . ar meisge ó chaoraibh na fíneamhna d'ithe, TSh. 8421 .

4 Subst. in genitive relation to sentence.

(a) cui[n]chid flaithiusa Dé do thuidecht, PH 7907 .

(b) cen imcabáil `cum nobis' do epirt, Sg. 203a8 . ruc leis tásc a muintiri do marbad do E., FB § 69 . tar cend cissa ┐ indmussa do thabairt do, PH 51 . ré linn choróine do chur ar an impire, TSh. 661 .

5 The construction subst. + do + vn. may be used absolutely with force of the Lat. gerundive: ind .u. do accomol frisin fers ṅdédenach the `u' is to be added, Sg. 136a2 . um do glanad i nderiud ferso `um' is to be elided, 136a1 . Hence in continuation of prec. clause: dia n-oscailter in chomla sa ┐ diabul do ligad istech if . . . and the devil be admitted, PH 7797 . is mairg thic annsa saegul-sa ┐ na huilc-si do thecht trit, 7791 .

6 Subst. + do + vn. replacing finite tenses (esp. in annals): Góidil immorro do rad dib o Goediul Glas they are called G., Thes. ii 316 . Lugaig du gabail rige nErenn took the kingship of Ireland, MacCarthy 306 . bellum do madhmaim for hU Fiachrach, AU 815 .

B Introducing a dative.

I Introducing indirect object (generally name of a person).

(a) With trans. vbs. denoting giving, granting, assigning, offering, etc.: do-beir, daimid, do-indnaig, dálaid etc. (see under individual vbs.). With vbs. of telling, revealing, promising, etc.: in-fét (ad-fét), as-indet, (Mid. Ir. indissid), do-adbat, do-airchain, etc. Under the same head may be placed cases like: hore doninfedam etargne Crist do chách we inspire in all, Wb. 14d32 ; do Christ cachain ailli unto C. he sang praise, Fél. Apr. 26 . Exceptionally with as-beir says: asbert G. do na feoldenmaigib, PH 1432 . With vbs. of ordering, commanding, advising, etc.: lasse forcongur fírinni dúib, Wb. 19d25 . rohordaig in guth dona nemdaib, SR 606 . ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. p. 12 . molaid do advises (but molaid + acc. praises ). With vbs.of forgiving, remitting: dorolaig Dia do in n-uaill dorigni, Ml. 50d15 . romaith C. a dá trían . . . dá thigernu, LL 111b40 ( RC xiv 430 ). With vbs. of asking, entreating, praying, etc.: frecre do neoch immechomarcar duit, Sg. 197b10 . condartin do arrogáid dom what he asked of me, 209b26 . cech ní rochuinges do Dia, Thes. ii 318.39 . With vbs. of ascribing, referring, imputing, etc.: a n-adruirmed do Abracham what has been reckoned unto A., Wb. 2d7 . duaisilbi do a scribend, Thes. ii 225.28 . So also with as-beir ascribes; assigns (a name), calls: asbeir-som a n-accobor don spirut, Wb. 4b3 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib do-gres (referring to Gemini), Sg. 73a11 . is airi asberthe emisarius don buc the goat was called `emissarius', Tur. 110e . Similarly with vbs. of naming, gairmid, ainmnigid. With vbs. of allowing: issamlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis, Ml. 14d10 . nir fulaing d'ēnduine a glacudh, ZCP ix 248 . With vbs. of causing, doing (someth. to someone): imfolngi comrorcain do sochaidi, Ml. 56b9 . dogní trumai ndo causes heaviness to it, 20a19 . Of comparing, adapting, etc.: ithé sidi conṅdelggaddar do persanaib, Sg. 39a11 . dligid is entitled to takes do (later de) of pers. (see dligid).

(b) Freq. in intrans. constr. with vbs. denoting to serve, yield, obey; rule; oppose, injure, offend; satisfy, please; believe, trust; thank (atluchedar buide); assent; greet; answer, correspond; suit; indulge, spare, pity, etc.; deny, refuse (a number of these verbs show other constructions also, see s.v.): bad dú Dia fognem gl. Domino servientes, Wb. 5d19 . roirladigsetar genti do hiriss, 7c16 . sléchtid Isserninus du Pátricc, Thes. ii 241 . Currech Life . . . is terc rí dia rodamain to whom he yielded, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tigernaigit ┐ follamnaigit do na cóic gradaib, PH 6242 . cor urchoidigh a truma dóibh, CCath. 2075 . manu toltnaiged do, Sg. 72b6 . rochreitset do precept, Wb. 24d23 . atluchur do Dia, 3b19 . an olcc dia cocéitbani to which thou consentest, 1c10 . co robennach cach díb dia chele, Thes. ii 335 . frisgair in testemin-se dondaib dligedaib, Sg. 193b6 . immidaircet do Christ which are appropriate to C., Ml. 2d4 . arcessi do neoch bes meldach less, Wb. 4c19 . dlomis Fíacc dóib, Thes. ii 242 . Also with vbs. of happening, befalling, meeting, etc. , including certain cases of intrans. vbs. of motion: ni do cach brethir tecming persona not all vbs. have personal inflection, Sg. 161a1 . is ann dorala dosom a denam, Thes. ii 299 . amal forcoémnacair do Loegairiu, FB § 83 . doroacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . intan tanic dó lobrai, Thes. ii 318 .

(c) With many adjs. and abstracts denoting proximity, likeness, equality, identity and their opposites; relationship; figurative relations (fitness, propriety, possession, etc.) and feelings (in sense towards, Lat. erga). In many cases it is hard to decide whether the ex. belongs to this or the following section (II): is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . fri praenomen cosmail do, Sg. 28a15 . is cotarsne don dúalig in sualig, Wb. 9b8 . immar-bdais meic dó, PH 4097 . húere atta mbrāthir dūnd since they are kinsmen of ours, ZCP viii 316 . combat irlithi geinti do hiriss obedient to the faith, Wb. 7c14 . is do is dír anní is psalmus , Hib. Min. 281 . is foluss dún it is evident to us, Sg. 40b14 . rop trócar rí nime dún, Hy. vi 23 . do bhádar cennsa do Chiarán, SG 3 . serc Dǽ dúibsi et for serc-si do Dia `God's love to you' (rather your love for God, etc. , see III (c) below), Wb. 18b21 . is miscuis do Dia, 3d33 . écennais . . . do na pecdachaib, PH 3478 . do marbadh iad ó esgcáirdib dhóib by enemies of theirs, SG 7 .

(d) After certain interjections: monuar dhamh, BS 40 . ach ach do ail alas for the stone! LL 181a32 . ach do phéin, ACL iii 236 § 10 . uch d'aithis, LB 106b57 . uchachan . . . don gabad fil ar mo chinn, ACL iii 233 . fochen duit a Loig, SCC § 16 (cf. fochen Conall . . . fochen Cet, IT i 103 , 104 ). mochen duib, IT i 99 .

II Introducing the person (or thing) interested in an action, state, event, or circumstance.

1 Dat. of interest in strict sense (including the dativus commodi vel incommodi) after vbs., substantives, and adjs.

(a) fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlaind, Wb. 29d23 . condaig indocbáil dia thigerni et non sibi ipsi , 8d20 . roshuidig . . . manistir dó (= sibi monasterium conlocavit), Lat. Lives 91 . tafnetar coin alta dí wolves hunted (it) for her, Hy. v 60 . ni accim maith dúib I see no good for you, TBC-LL¹ 1780 . noco treciub duit . . . immāin tāna bó Cualṅge I will not abandon for thy sake, 1661 . dona hurtroighib rodolba Banba do macaib Miled which B. fashioned for (= against) the sons of M., Corm. Y 949 (dat. incomm.). nech diuscai debuith dia brathair who stirs up mischief against, Ériu vii 162 . cuimnigidh . . . do clandaibh Cuinn a n-anuabhar remember against, ZCP xiv 229 .

Freq. with parts of body, somet. in combination with a poss. pron.: ní forroim cid drisiuc for toind dó, TBC-I¹ 1206 . co rogab sonn in dúne dóib dar sróin, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó, PH 2331 .

The dat. incommodi is freq. after vbs. (both trans. and intrans.) denoting a hostile movement, attack, etc.: dosleic dóib he shoots at them, SCC § 7 . focherd N. aurchor dó, TBC-I¹ 1292 . rodibairg in ngai dó, RC iii 178 . atraig cech fer di alailiu, IT i 67 . dús in fagbad . . . taidbsiu (leg. taidbsin?) do thir na talmain, SR 2584 , cf. 5823 . mairfit Ulaid a mblechtach do gressaib ┐ glammaib . . . dar cend a n-enig the U. will kill their milch-kine (to ward off) attacks and lampoons (in Folge von Beleidigungen und Satiren, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1737 .

(b) After nouns and adjs.: rop ámm tusmeda do mnái in rig, Lat. Lives 66 . oénach diar n-ócaib a gathering-place for our youths, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . lx bliadan robo lān do Patraic, Thes. ii 313 . ba terc cach n-adbar dó, Imr. Brain i 52 . in lám is dílmain dom my disengaged hand, Fél. p. 200 . Esp. after a subst. employed as pred. with the copula: sóire do chách ar sóire-ni, Wb. 14b11 . togu damsa aní sin, Thes. ii 225.18 . issi in bānmartre du duiniu, 247 . ní lesainm dait Cuculaind, FB § 11 . anas muir glan don nói . . . is mag meld . . . damsa, Imr. Brain § 34 .

Note also: attroilli dúnn delegi (= diligi) a nobis he deserves of us to be loved by us, Wb. 2d13 . is doib-sin rochan in senchaid of them the shanachie has sung, Fianaig. 4 . sir in baile . . . don litin search the town for the porridge, SG 243 . do bhatur . . . ag iarraidh Erenn do scela Tana, ZCP ix 244 . atcondairc-siom ind figeill . . . do dílgud i Tamlachti do Chaindech excused for (in honour of) C., Mon. Tall. § 22 .

2 After the copula folld. by an adj. or abstract denoting what is desirable, advantageous, usual, fit, lawful, right, indifferent, necessary, etc. , or the reverse, for a person, the virtual subject being generally a vn., infinitive phrase or clause, e.g. is áil (maith, olc, mairg, bés, gnáth, cet, cóir, dliged, geiss, cumme, écen, etc.) dó; further in a variety of expressions such as: is fír (gó) dó; is cian (éim, fota, mithid) dó. For exx. see these words, and cf. further: nír fhírda dó dul don chath, SR 6903 . ba féliu duit th'immfholuch oldás teiched it were nobler for you to hide yourself, TBC-LL¹ 1973 . is col dúin dia foirglem it is a sin for us to assert it, Fél. Ep. 98 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind, ACL iii 327 § 30 . ni hidan lais dondhí da taberr a thaechtad he does not consider it clean dealing for the person . . . to keep it, Mon. Tall. § 41 . Contrast: is maith dom it is good for me with is m. limm I deem it a good thing: is lesc lim-sa inní sin, bar C., teiched ria n-oenfer . . . Ni lesc ám duit-siu ón, bar F., dáig techfet-sa remut-su, TBC-LL¹ 2875 . ní ba fochen leu a forcital the teaching will not be welcome to them, Wb. 30d7 . is fochen dóib they are welcome, IT i 99 . is ced dó a bith marb masa ced ra Dia let him die (lit. he has leave to die) if God permits, Moling § 62 . in annso is áil duit airisiumh? — Massedh as áil le Dia, as ann, BNnÉ 17 § 30 . in tol damsa . . . anadh sunn? is it (God's) will for me to remain here? 79 § 152 .

3 Used as the Lat. dativus ethicus (dative of pers. interested in a statement) with an imperative; only with pronouns: an dún we pray thee to wait, CRR § 6 . apair dam fri mac Saráin, Ériu iii 96 § 1 . teilg-su dún orchur forru, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . ling dūinn lēim dona lēimennuibh sin rolingthea, BS 62 .

4 Used with subst. vb. to denote loosely possession, appurtenances, etc. ; freq. with an adv. of place, in which case it is hardly to be distinguished from cases given under II 1 (a) above: issed file do hodie this is (the form) it has at present, Sg. 140a3 . ataat ilsenman dosuidiu it has many sounds, Wb. 12c46 . dechor inna pían bete donaib pecthachaib, 13c26 . fail a mor-abba dam I have good cause, TBC-LL¹ 219 . ni bia tarba do draidechta duit, PH 2187 . ni be mundteras dó fri banscala let him have no friendship with women, Mon. Tall. § 61 . Exceptionally with copula: ? combed doib foraithmet bed torbach that there should be to them a profitable recollection, Ml. 23a2 . bid duit rige Lagen co brath, Thes. ii 341.19 . céinmair dia mba findchride, Imr. Brain § 28 .

5 With subst. vb. in the idiom: atú dó I am concerned with him, have to deal with him, generally with hostile significance I am angry with him, have something against him; oft. in impers. constr.: ished inso romboth dossom that is why they were angry with him, Wb. 19a9 , cf. 5b31 . is hed dathar dún gl. maledicimur quod speramus, 28d4 , cf. 21c9 . ni nach cin aile notaid dom it is for no other fault you are hostile to me, 19d26 . cid tai-siu don mac? what have you against the lad? TBC-LL¹ 1041 , cf. 940 , 1144 . rohinnisedh dó in fāth 'ma rabas dó, Moling § 51 . cidh 'ma bfuile damh?, ZCP x 10 . tacram a scel . . . atái dam `the matter with which thou reproachest me', Ériu vii 225 . The idiom: cid di atái? what ails thee? LL 202a9 , where do is used with neut. rel. pron., may perhaps rather be explained as an elliptical construction under the head A II; as also the later idiom: gá táim dó (why should I dwell on it?): furtacht Banba . . . gá ttá mé dho . . . ag so an té dar tairrngireadh, 3 C 3, 633.11 .

6 Used with ellipse of copula in the interrogation cid dó . . . ? why (does) he . . . ? (lit. what is it to him? with emphasis on pron.): cid dait gan a gabail aní gabas cách? why dost thou not take . . . ? TBC-LL¹ 3042 . cid dún can techt i n-agid Conculaind? why should we not go? TBC-I¹ 1484 (LU). cid duit mo ṡarugadh-sa do dhenamh?, ZCP viii 553 . cid dait-siu ná bad lat in curathmír why shouldst not thou have the champion's bit? FB § 8 .

7 Often used in impers. constr. after the copula to introduce the virtual subj. when the predicate is (a) an adverbial expression, or somet. (b) an adj., or (c) an interrog. adv.

(a) ní úainni duib-si ye are not from us, Wb. 18b9 . ní i n-óen diaithir doib they are not in one orbit, BCr. 18d5 . fora fóessam dún may we be under their protection, Hy. v 106 . bá doigh leo comad a sídib di, TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). fa righ ┐ sagart Melcisideic ┐ mar an gceudna do Chríost, Eochairsg. 26 . Especially after DE followed by noun in pl. to denote class to which the virtual subject belongs (see Bergin, Ériu xi 149 ): de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit B. was a Jew, T. a Gentile, Wb. 18d6 . di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31b2 . robo do mnáib glicca in domain di, Acall. 7426 . Note also: is de corpore dissi (i.e. the eye), Wb. 12a26 . Freq. joined with expressions of time, the copula being omitted: bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, FB § 1 . for tuili doib . . . cethracha lá ┐ aidche, SR 2523 , cf. 4820 .

(b) ní segda dom, Trip.² 1765 . madh calma duitsiu inā dósom if thou art more valiant than he, Ériu v 152 . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin that Fate is stronger than we, CCath. 4072 .

(c) can duibse? whence are ye? Sg. 242a2 . can deit a ingen? TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). cinnas do a rad . . . ? why should he say . . .?, Thes. ii 311.19 . cinnus do sluagh tire Temrach? how is it with the host . . .?, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 .

8 Freq. used after vbs. in impers. construction, esp. compds. with imm- denoting reciprocal action: ní 'manacige dó frim-sa he shall not see me, Ériu ii 194 . comorogaib dóib a ndís the pair grappled with each other, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . imatarla doib, Anecd. v 11 . imatarraid dūn, ib. immotaéth dóib both sides will fall, LL 275a30 . immacomsinitar dóib, FB § 38 . With intrans. vbs.: ó thánic dóib co dérgud, FB § 80 . ó do chomraic dóib i n-aeninud when they met, SG 360 . anais don Caillin i Tul[aig] C. remained, Fen. 180 . With subst. vb.: fil dún ó thossuch dúle cen áiss we are without age, Imr. Brain § 44 . fochtus Diarmait innus na bé ndi, RC xi 129 . Cf. further: robá-sa i n-imṡnim mor . . . co roglé dam till I arrived at a decision, IT i 98 . co roglé dó a caithim uile, BNnÉ 300 . co tair damh-sai aislingi . . . d'indisin duit till I have finished telling you my dream, MacCongl. 117 . With ellipse of vb.: as tir duit get thee out of the country, RC xx 24 . dún sís dond ath down with us to the ford, TBC-I¹ 1193 . dochum na chuchdiri dóib, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

III Introducing agent after passive (finite), verbal of necess., and (most freq.) vn.

(a) After pass. vb.: imberthar fidcella dún let us play chess, SCC § 3 . toirimt[h]er tōraind in lis don mnái, Corm. Y 502 . doberar dam duid gid ni nar chuindgis thou shalt receive from me, YBL 167a4 . doces do co roba ben he perceived (it seemed to him?) that it was a woman, Todd Nenn. 210 . cumachta na flatha dia tardad in fín, LL 282b3 `by whom the wine was given', Meyer, GJ iv 217 .

(b) After verbal of necess. and participial adjs. compounded with in-: ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach n-énirt, Wb. 6c19 . ni denti duib-si anisin, Ml. 82a7 . connarb inríata dó in chonar, FB § 36 . is inchreidte dóibh they ought to believe, Eochairsg. 21.34 .

(c) After vn. both of trans. and intrans. vbs.: airitiu colno do Christ, Wb. 31d2 . tre atlogud buide donaib nóibaib thanksgiving by the saints, 17a3 . slige dund aingiul inna nAssar the slaying of the A. by the angel, Ml. 16c12 . rena richtin du Pool before P. reached it, Thes. i 495 ( Ardm. 107b ). fer do marbad do Moise, SR 3726 . scrin Dochoma do briseadh doaibh, AU 797 . (Intrans. vb.) magthad lasuidiu cretem do geintib, Wb. 5a1 . oc techt dam dar Maig L., SCC § 34 . buid domsa i n-iriss, Wb. 5b20 . iure feidligthe disi i n-ógi by the principle of its remaining in integrity, Sg. 16a14 .

With IAR and vn.: iarna grísad dond araid on being urged on by the charioteer, FB § 43 . iar ndiultad do Petar a thigerna, PH 605 . iar mbeith ceangailte d'ár lámhaibh (= ligatis manibus), TSh. 6762 . ar gclos a anma d'Éirinn, SG 1 .

do-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-beir or dil.ie/17216
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: do-ucc, do-bert, do-rat, tuicsiu, tabair, taber, tabar, taibred, tabrad, taibrem, tabram, taibrid, taibrith, tabraid, taibret, tabrat, dobiur, dodasbiur, doberim, thabur, nis-tabor, dubir, dobir, dobere, tabair, dobeir, dober, tabir, tabair, doberam, taibrem, thabrum, d-a-berid-si, doberat, doberait, fuantaibret, thabrat, doberad, dobertis, do-m-beirtis, tabratis, doberae, taibre, toibre, thobri, dumbera, taibrea, thobrea, tibri, doberum, donberaid-si, doberthi-si, tabraid, du-m-berat, dusmerat, thabrat, dubertha, doberthusa, doberad, taibred, taibreth, doberthe, dobéer, dobér-sa, tiber, thibér, tiubér, thiubar, doberae, tibéræ, dos-mbéra, thibre, tibrea, tiubrae, dobérat, thibreat, dobēraind-sea, tiobhrainn-si, tibartha-sa, tiubharta, domberad, nandatiberad, tibred, nachis-tibred, dobérmais, tibrimmis, tiubhrumais, tiurmais, do-sm-bérthe, tibertais, nis-tibritis, tiuradais, do-m-biurt, dondmbiurtsa, dobert-sa, dobirt, dobertais, dobert, dubbert, tobert, contubert, contubart, dosbertar, do-s-bertatar, tubertatar, tubartadar, dobertsat, dobreth-, dobreth, dobretha, dobrethsat, tabarr, taborthar, tabraiter, doberr, dober, do-berar, duberar, doberair, tabarr, tobarr, tabar, dobertar, tobertar, tabartar, doberthe, dobertha, tibirthi, dubertis, dobertis, doberthar, do-m-bertar, dopartar, tabarthae, tabarthe, dubertis, dobertais, dobérthar, dubérthar, tibérthar, bērtar, tibertha, tibertais, dobreth, tobreth, tubrad, tabrad, tobrad, dobretha, tabart(h)ae, tabarthi, tarti, tartat, tardatis, tart-sa, dord-sa, tartar, conas-tarddur, tarttai, durata, dorata, tarta, condarta, tharda, fris-tarddam, dorattid-si, tartaid-si, tharddaid-si, doratat, conda-tardat, condartin, condardad, tarddad, thardad, tartaitis, doratus, doratas, tharddusa, tartus, doratis, doratais, duratais, duratis, donrátais, dartais, tharddais, dorat, doratastur, tarat, tarat, condadarat, tard, doratsam, doratsamar, tartamar, daratsid-si, doratsaid, thardsaid, doratsat, doratsatar, tartsat, tardsat, conda-tarsat, tartsatar, ní tartisset, doratar, dorattar, tartar, condartar, dorataiter, ndartaiter, tarta, tartha, doratad, doradad, doratath, tartad, dardad, tardad, dorata, doratta, tarta, tuic, tuic, do-n-uc, tuc, tucaid, tuicet, dofuci, do-t-tucai, duduccai, tucait, dofuctais, conos-tuc, conda-tuc-si, conda-tucc, tucar, tuicce, tuigi, tucair, tuca, tuccas, conos-tucam, thucaind, nacha-tucad, conna-tuctais, do-n-uccus-sa, tuicais, dofucais, rothucais, tucais, do-n-uic, du-n-uic, d-a-uic, duuic, duic, tu-n-uic, tuicc, tuic, tuic, da-uc, duuc, tuc, doḟuc, domfuc-sa, doruc, rodatuc, tucastair, tugasdair, dofucsam-ni, da-b-ucsum, tucsam, tucsam, tugamar, tucsaid, tucsabair, du-nn-ucsat, dofucsat, tucsat, tucsatar, tucthar, con-ducthar, thuicter, duccatar, tuctha, ducad, tuccad, tucad, tuiced, fofuctha, tucait, do-ucci, tucu, dofuca(a)im, tuicim, do-sn-ucci, dusn-ucai, dorucai, tuicci, thuccai, tucci, tucai, tuice, do-uicim-ne, tuigmít, dofucaid, do-nd-ucet, thuccat, thucat, thuicit, tuigit, tucad, tuctais, tuicce, condid-tucce, tucca, do-nd-uccam, tucid, -tuccid, conducaid, nis-tuccin, dos-fucad, rothucad, condid-tucmis-ni, tuicfe, tucfa, dofucfa, tucfa, da-ucbaid-si, tucfait, nodafucfad, dofucébad, tucus-su, rothuic, thuiccestair, tucsid-si, do-tuicetar, tucsat, tuicset, duucthar, dohucthar, tuucthar, tucthar, tucatar, tuctar, du-n-ucthar, conducthe, tuccfither, dofuicfind, tuicti

v (* to-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 469 ), gives, places; brings, gets . The perfective forms are supplied, in the meaning gives, places , by *to-rat-, in the meaning brings, gets by *to-ucc-; in later lang. the perf. do-ucc (tuc) gradually takes the place of do-bert and do-rat and is sometimes used to gloss the two latter, cf. tard .i. tug, O'Cl. Forms of *to-rat- are, however, permissible in bardic verse, see IGT Verbs § 14 . The perfective *to-ucc- (lit. can bring ) also forms a complete paradigm without distinction of perfective and non-perfective forms, with the meaning understands (later tuicid) the vn. being 2 tabairt later replaced by tuicsiu.

Ipv. 2 s. tabair, Ml. 27c12 , 87d12 . taber, Thes. ii 250.16 . tabar, TBC-I¹ 1482(LU) . 3 s. taibred, Wb. 22b7 , 12 . tabrad, PH 6017 . 1 pl. taibrem, Wb. 13d15 . tabram, PH 3757 . 2 pl. taibrid, Wb. 16c17 . taibrith, 6a20 . tabraid, Corm. Y 323 , PH. 3 pl. taibret, TBC-I¹ 2980 . tabrat, PH 6137 , etc.

Indic. pres. 1 s. dobiur, Wb. 14a20 . dodasbiur, Anecd. ii 16 . doberim, PH 2764 , etc. ní thabur , Sg. 179a4 . nis-tabor, 204b5 . 2 s. dubir, Ml. 105d4 , 110d13 . dobir, Thes. ii 249.1 , 2 , 3 . dobere, -i, PH 1777 , etc. ní tabair , Ml. 63c13 . na tabrai, SR 848 . 3 s. dobeir, Wb. 21a13 . dober, 14b15 . TBC-I¹ 62 , 71 (LU), etc. ni tabir , Wb. 14b15 . ní tabair , Sg. 214a5 . 1 pl. doberam, Wb. 13b15 . ní taibrem , 15c9 . ní thabrum , PH 2070 . 2 pl. d-a-berid-si, Wb. 24c16 . 3 pl. doberat, Wb. 15b2 . PH 1135 . doberait, PH 2652 , etc. Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.10 , etc. fuantaibret, Ml. 45a3 . ni thabrat , PH 1952 . Impf. 3 s. doberad, TBC-I¹ 279 . 3 pl. dobertis, Ml. 54c30 . do-m-beirtis, 90d17 . co tabratis , PH 6290 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. doberae, Ml. 106c1 , cf. 94d4 . ni taibre , Wb. 29a22 . ni toibre , a20 . mani thobri , ZCP viii 313.4 . 3 s. dumbera, Ml. 40c21 . ceni taibrea , Ml. 93a9 . mani thobrea , Wb. 4c20 . nā tibri , SR 1659 . 1 pl. doberum, PH 5819 . 2 pl. donberaid-si, Wb. 16c9 , cf. 8d21 . doberthi-si, PH 5785 . ní tabraid , Wb. 6c1 . 3 pl. du-m-berat, Ml. 40c21 . dusmerat, Mon. Tall. 144.14 . ni thabrat , Corm. Y 1059 . Impf. 2 s. dubertha, Ml. 130d15 . ma doberthusa , Anecd. iii 30 . 3 s. doberad, Wb. 32a12 . mani taibred , Ml. 35c26 . arná taibreth , LU 11025 . 2 pl. cia doberthe , Wb. 15d8 .

Fut. 1 s. dobéer, Wb. 12c35 . dobér-sa, TBC-I¹ 185 . SR 2885 . da tiber , TBC-I¹ 2301 . ní thibér , SR 842 . nach tiubér , Imr. Brain i 67.12 . ní thiubar , Ériu i 93 . 2 s. doberae, Ml. 44a20 . in tibéræ ? 77a16 . 3 s. dos-mbéra, Wb. 13b30 . ni thibre , PH 7950 . Corm. Y 698 . ni tibrea , TBC-LL¹ 3502 . nach tiubrae , BNnÉ 309.27 . 3 pl. dobérat, Wb. 6b27 . TBC-I¹ 1133 . mani thibreat , TBC-I¹ 2980 . Condit. 1 s. dobēraind-sea, TBC-I¹ 824 . nach tiobhrainn-si , MR 284 . 2 s. co tibartha-sa , Imr. Brain i 63.15 . co tiubharta , 68.16 . 3 s. domberad, Ml. 108a5 . nandatiberad, 97d10 . na tibred , LU 3171 . nachis-tibred, Thes. ii 341.37 . 1 pl. dobérmais, Imr. Brain i 69.20 . PH 7233 . na tibrimmis , CRR 33 . ni tiubhrumais , Ériu iii 158 . nach tiurmais , Acall. 5675 . 2 pl. do-sm-bérthe, Wb. 19d24 . 3 pl. día tibertais , LU 3448 . nis-tibritis, RC iii 175.11 . co tiuradais , ZCP vi 276 .

Pret. 1 s. do-m-biurt, ZCP iv 43.4 . dondmbiurtsa, TBC-I¹ 3556 . dobert-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1893 . CCath. 1702 . 2 s. dobirt, Ml. 56a13 . dobertais, TBC-LL¹ 1105 , 1621 . 3 s. dobert, Ml. 23b10 ; 58c4 . TBC-I¹ 326 , etc. dubbert, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 241 ). tobert, TBC-I¹ 655 . Fianaig. 24.4 . contubert, Hib. Min. 77.19 . contubart, Thes. ii 242 . 3 pl. dosbertar, Tur. 128 . do-s-bertatar, TBC-I¹ 912 (LU), 1788 . tubertatar, IT i 137.11 (LU). cu tubartadar , TBC-I¹ 3069 . dobertsat, Alex. 5 . CCath. 3255 . AFM 1172 , etc. In Mid. Ir. the passive dobreth- (see below) is somet. used to supply act., 3 s. dobreth, TBC-LL¹ 674 , 1930 , 1958 . dobretha, CRR 8 , 53 . FB § 38 . LU 10168 . TBC-I¹ 2210 , 2212 . TBC-LL¹ 101 , 468 , 655 . 3 pl. dobrethsat, TBC-LL¹ 1315 .

Pass. ipv. s. tabarr, Ml. 104b2 . na taborthar , ZCP vii 311 § 14 . pl. tabraiter, TBC-I¹ 1471 (LU). Indic. pres. s. doberr, Wb. 3c1 ; 28c4 . dober, Ml. 56b11 . do-berar, 60b19 . TBC-I¹ 1160 . duberar, Ml. 105d6 . doberair, PH 2161 . dia tabarr , Wb. 17a3 . Corm. Y 32 . ara tobarr , Wb. 12d29 . forsa tabar , Ml. 54a2 . pl. dobertar, Wb. 10d20 . tobertar, Ml. 25b6 . ni tabartar , 101d6 . Impf. s. doberthe, Ml. 115a14 . Wb. 10d16 . dobertha, Corm. Y 391 . intan na tibirthi , CCath. 1496 . pl. dubertis, Ml. 89a2 . dobertis, Tur. 110c . Corm. Y 48 . Subj. pres. s. doberthar, Wb. 13a3 . TBC-I¹ 1579 . pl. do-m-bertar, Ml. 45b5 . cia dopartar , Todd Nenn. 216.13 . Subj. impf. s. ceni tabarthae , Ml. 40d20 . trissa tabarthe , 36a1 . pl. dubertis, 84c9 . dobertais, 90a14 . Fut. s. dobérthar, Wb. 16a13 . dubérthar, Ml. 72d18 . ni tibérthar , Wb. 18b11 . pl. intan dum bērtar , Ml. 69b1 . Condit. s. dia tibertha , FB § 90 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 159 . pl. ni tibertais , Ml. 15c7 . Pret. s. dobreth, IT i 131.8 (LU); 138.15 (LU). Hy. v 85 . tobreth, IT i 130.23 (LU). hi tubrad , Hy. i 3 . co tabrad , TBC-I¹ 1637 . ni tobrad , 1536 . pl. dobretha, TBC-I¹ 3072 . TBC-LL¹ 2587 . ZCP viii 312.21 . Part. tabart(h)ae. Verbal of necess. tabarthi. Vn. 1 tabairt.

Perfective forms.

A From *to-rat-. Indic. pres. 3 s. manid tarti can give, Ml. 51b7 (see GOI p. 345 ). 3 pl. ni tartat , Thes. ii 2.32 . Impf. 3 pl. nad tardatis , Ml. 85d5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ara tart-sa , Wb. 14d17 . meni dord-sa , Rawl. 156b20 . co tartar , Ériu v 240.129 . conas-tarddur, TBC-LL¹ 943 . 2 s. co tarttai , BNnÉ 302 § 10 . 3 s. durata, Ml. 57a13 . dorata, ZCP vi 266 § 10 . arna tarta , Wb. 11b18 . condarta, 28b31 . ni tharda , SR 2727 . 1 pl. fris-tarddam, Thes. ii 293.19 . 2 pl. dorattid-si, Wb. 16c11 . dia tartaid-si , Ml. 83b11 . ni tharddaid-si , LL 279a31 . 3 pl. acht doratat , Mon. Tall. 141.16 . conda-tardat, Ml. 131d16 . Impf. 1 s. condartin, Sg. 209b26 . 3 s. condardad, Ml. 77a7 . co tarddad , SR 2836 . muni thardad , TBC-LL¹ 4310 . 3 pl. co tartaitis , TBC-I¹ 1461 (LU).

Perf. 1 s. doratus, Wb. 8c6 . SR 1866 . doratas, Trip.² 1056 . ni tharddusa , RC iii 185 . dia tartus , Ériu vii 219.13 ( LL 209b ). 2 s. doratis, Ml. 56a15 . doratais siu, 43d18 . duratais, 56b24 . duratis, 80b2 . donrátais, SR 1756 . in dartais , SG 415.11 . ni tharddais , TBC-LL¹ 484 . 3 s. dorat, Wb. 4b10 , etc. doratastur, ZCP vii 320 . nícon tarat , Ml. 36a1 ; co tarat , SR 2193 . condadarat, TBC-I¹ 1875 (LU). dia tard , SR 2811 . 1 pl. doratsam, Wb. 13d15 . LU 2331 . doratsamar, 2333 . tartamar, ZCP viii 213.27 . 2 pl. daratsid-si, Wb. 24b21 . doratsaid, LU 2326 . ni thardsaid , 2345 . 3 pl. doratsat, Ml. 115b8 . SR 3664 . LL 256a43 . doratsatar, SR 3508 , 3401 , etc. ni tartsat , Wb. 24b20 . LL 254c23 . na tardsat , CCath. 5119 . AFM i 16.13 . conda-tarsat, Ériu iii 141 . co tartsatar , Hy. v 53 Comm. ( Thes. ii 340 ). ní tartisset, Wb. 1b17 . Pass. subj. pres. s. doratar, Rawl. 107b17 . dorattar, Anecd. ii 32 . Lism. L. vii 28 . ara tartar , Wb. 15a19 . condartar, 20c24 . pl. dorataiter, IT iii 53.3 . co ndartaiter , Trip.² 1294 . Impf. s. ara tarta , TBC-LL¹ 1547 . mani tartha , BColm. 88.14 . Perf. doratad, Wb. 4a18 . doradad, 23c16 . doratath, Sg. 7b18 . ara tartad , Ml. 90a7 . con dardad , 98b8 . forsa tardad , 80d4 . SR 6251 . pl. dorata, Ml. 54c17 . LL 282b7 . doratta, SR 6745 . nad tarta , Ml. 40a13 .

B From *to-ucc- (in meaning brings ): Ipv. 2 s. tuic, Tec. Corm. § 18 . na tuic , Wb. 10a30 . do-n-uc, ZCP iv 42.16 ( TBFr. 283 ). tuc, TBC-I¹ 1333 , 2287 , etc. 2 pl. tucaid, LU 8197 . TBC-I¹ 323 . 3 pl. tuicet, LU 7873 ( BDD 145 ). See ZCP xxiv 123 - 4 . Indic. pres. 2 s. dofuci, LU 1558 . do-t-tucai, IT i 208.21 . duduccai, Ml. 27d23 (see, however, GOI § 678 ). 3 pl. tucait, IT i 226.30 (LU). Impf. 3 pl. dofuctais, SR 4524 . Subj. pres. 1 s. conos-tuc, SR 1665 . conda-tuc-si, TBC-I¹ 1589 . conda-tucc, 464 . tucar, Imr. Brain i 67.23 . 2 s. dia tuicce , TBC-I¹ 1580 (LU) = tuigi (YBL). da tucair , ZCP vi 272 § 7 . 3 s. dia tuca , TBC-I¹ 1589 . rel. tuccas, SR 2384 . 1 pl. conos-tucam, SR 3979 . Impf. 1 s. mani thucaind , TBC-I¹ 798 . 3 s. nacha-tucad, Ml. 125b7 . 3 pl. conna-tuctais, SR 5651 . Perf. 1 s. do-n-uccus-sa, Wb. 30a11 . 2 s. tuicais, Ml. 56a13 . dofucais, TBC-I¹ 3385 . rothucais, Ériu iv 138.18 . tucais, ZCP viii 109.24 . 3 s. amal do-n-uic , Wb. 10d37 . Ml. 16b12 . du-n-uic, d-a-uic, Ml. 118b6 . duuic, 84c24 . duic, 25d18 . tu-n-uic, 51c26 . tuicc, 98c11 . tuic, 30c5 , etc., Wb. 21d1 . ni tuic , Wb. 23a10 . Ml. 51d2 . da-uc, Ml. 38c1 . duuc, 36c1 . tuc, 40c17 . Wb. 24b25 . doḟuc, SR 7296 , cf. 4426 , 5179 , etc. domfuc-sa, Ériu iv 140.3 . ? doruc, ZCP vi 28.18 . rodatuc, TBC-I¹ 3584 . tucastair, TBC-I¹ 2495 . tugasdair, Todd Nenn. 32.14 . 1 pl. dofucsam-ni, RC iii 185 (LL). da-b-ucsum, Lism. L. 3825 . tucsam, SR 6319 . ni tucsam , Wb. 29b14 . tugamar, Ériu i 22.105 . 2 pl. tucsaid, TBC-I¹ 1320 (LU). tucsabair, 2492 (YBL). 3 pl. du-nn-ucsat, Ml. 92d1 . dofucsat, SR 5041 . tucsat, 1360 . TBC-I¹ 42 . tucsatar, Metr. Dinds. ii 100.5 , etc. Pass. indic. pres. s. ni tucthar , Wb. 27d22 . Subj. pres. s. con-ducthar, Sg. 200b13 . mani thuicter , TBC-I¹ 1239 . pl. in duccatar , Wb. 9b19 . Impf. s. co tuctha , SR 6567 . TBC-I¹ 1331 . Perf. s. ducad, Ml. 56c11 . tuccad, Wb. 24b26 ; 28a3 . tucad, Sg. 202b8 . SR 3289 , etc.; dia tuiced , Wb. 12b12 . pl. fofuctha, SR 3263 . tucait, CRR 13 , TBC-LL¹ 65 etc.

Vn. 1 tabairt.

Forms of do-ucci understands. Indic. pres. 1 s. hi tucu , Thes. ii 293.25 . dofuca(a)im, PH 1792 . tuicim, 1779 , etc. 3 s. do-sn-ucci, Wb. 22c1 . dusn-ucai, Ml. 42c12 . ? dorucai, SR 7983 . tuicci, Wb. 12c26 . air thuccai , Ml. 42c8 . ni tucci , Wb. 12d6 . ní tucai , Ml. 42c7 . tuice, PH 2369 . 1 pl. do-uicim-ne, PH 750 . tuigmít, ib. 2 pl. dofucaid, SR 7984 . 3 pl. do-nd-ucet, Wb. 8a14 . ní thuccat , 12c20 . ní thucat , 15a34 . thuicit, PH 7300 . tuigit, 7738 . Impf. 3 s. cona tucad , SR 2763 . 3 pl. tuctais, Ml. 125d13 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ara tuicce , Wb. 28d7 . condid-tucce, 30a19 . 3 s. ara tucca , 27b27 . 1 pl. do-nd-uccam, 24a22 . 2 pl. ara tucid , 32a3 . -tuccid, 21c11 . conducaid, 21a8 . Impf. 1 s. nis-tuccin, Wb. 12d25 . 3 s. dos-fucad, SR 3228 . arna rothucad , Trip. 396 . 1 pl. condid-tucmis-ni, Wb. 20d17 . Fut. 2 s. tuicfe, PH 2037 . 3 s. tucfa, Wb. 12d12 . dofucfa, RC xxv 248 . ní tucfa , Wb. 12d3 . 2 pl. da-ucbaid-si, Wb. 21c12 . 3 pl. tucfait, RC xxv 248 . Condit. 3 s. nodafucfad, RC xx 134 = dofucébad, LU 386 (ACC). Perf. 1 s. ní tucus-su , Ml. 91c1 . 3 s. rothuic, PH 4437 . nír thuiccestair , BNnÉ 323 § 33 . 2 pl. ní tucsid-si , Wb. 12a3 . 3 pl. do-tuicetar, BCC 127 . ni tucsat , Wb. 15a32 . nad tuicset , 15a29 .

Pass. indic. pres. s. duucthar, Ml. 51c24 ; 55a10 . dohucthar, Sg. 210a4 . tuucthar, 42c2 . ní tucthar , Wb. 12c46 . pl. ní tucatar , Wb. 12c43 . nad tuctar , Ml. 112d7 . Subj. pres. s. du-n-ucthar, Ml. 79d2 . Impf. s. conducthe, Ml. 51d1 . Fut. s. ni tuccfither , Wb. 8a5 . IGT Verbs § 71 .

Vn. 2 tabairt.

I

(a) gives , with DO of recipient (somet. with dat. inf. pron.); glosses Lat. dare, Ml. 25b12 , Sg. 163a3 , 209b26 . ní cuinginn is doberainn, Tec. Corm. § 7 . ni tobair ní i n-aiscid he never gives anything as a gift, Lec. 460c47 . ba ferr lin dobertha oldaas a bith tarngire I had rather it were given than constantly promised, Mór M. 262 . cen co tucaind ar áis, doberaind ar écin, TBC-LL¹ 150 , cf. 132 . duine is mō dobered d'etach ┐ d'innmus i nErind, RC xvii 407 . más for óin doratadh in fearann if the land has been let for hire, Laws iv 132 Comm. doberae maith tar æsi n-uilc, Ml. 106c1 . doronus dóibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne . . . ni tardad dúas dar a héisi, ACL iii 296 . dobēr . . . otha mo glūn co m'imlinn I will give my love, TE § 10 . dotberae eislis he will treat thee with contempt, Mon. Tall. 142 (for constr. see KZ xlviii 48 ). donbert ingantas mór méd a delba his size inspired us with great wonder, Ériu iv 138 . nicon fail ina sealba ní nā tibre dam, Corm. Y 698 . cia chondesin far súli, dosmbérthe dom, Wb. 19d24 . doradsad mōr do maith do they had shown him much kindness, TBC-I¹ 3542 . a n-ōl meda dí dobreth (.i. tucad), Hy. v 85 . dobeir pōic di gives her a kiss, RC xxiv 198 . duber-som ainm claidib donaib briathraib he gives the name of sword, Ml. 77a2 , cf. Sg. 156b6 , Wb. 20c24 . doratsat fir nÓlnécmacht in riastartha do anmm do C[h]oinc[h]ulaind gave the name . . . to C., TBC-I¹ 1455 . ni tardsad cís nā cāin dōib, Todd Nenn. 72 . gach manach nach tiubrae | a edbairt don ecclais, BNnÉ 309 . dobēra in prímfáidh nemh d'anmain gach aoin, Duan. F. i 10 . ni tardai do rūn do mnāi tell not thy secret to a woman, Anecd. v 9 . ba Patric dubert baithis du C. who baptized C., Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). doratta duit . . . do guide thy prayers are granted, Thes. ii 318 ( Hy. ii 50 Comm. ). dobert R. altugudh buidi do Dia, BS 4 . dorattar doibh an bennacht, Anecd. ii 32 . go nach dtiobhraidh aon neach ceannas dá chéile not one will yield supremacy to (i.e. come short of) another, ML 6 . do Dia doberat edil offer prayers, Corm. Y 513 . cia freacra dobērad an t-eicsine dō, 825 . dind fortacht durat Dia do, Ml. 40b8 . nach tiobhraidh foidhide do neach will not show patience, TSh. 9038 . cid ara tarat in bēist . . . onoir do Brigit, Hy. iv Pref. dobēr-sa do breath fēn duid I will give thee thy own award, Lec. 156c38 . úar na tabrai rēir d'Adam thou dost not obey, SR 848 . cid bé ainder mná dobéra toil don fhior gráid shall love, SG 47 . cia doberad eolus dam-sa co Mag R.? who would guide me, MR 276 . dorad failti do ḟileadaib welcomed, Lec. 286b5 . ní tart termann do Themraig gave not protection, Metr. Dinds. i 26 . ni tharad (tharat, LU) menmain do thuus na conaire paid no heed, TBC-I¹ 233 . nā tabhair h'aire doib heed them not, BCC 190 . cidh tuc duit-si mh'aithne-si? how dost thou know me?, BS 138 . mor . . . in dimiad tuc mac mo mathar damsa, Lec. 613b6 . deargruathar Tuathail . . . sochaidi da tuc imned, 590a10 . dobertsat a milid frit[h]bert amnus dosum, CCath. 3255 . amail . . . na tard tograim nā toruighecht do mhacaibh Israel did not give chase to, Leb. Gab.(i) 200 . ni thucsat claonadh don scēl they did not distort the affair, Fl. Earls 62 . dobert buille don c[h]ip struck, Corm. Y 690 . dobertsad frais d'[ḟ]ōidib doib hurled at them, Lec. 617a24 . tucsadar dāil bāis don rig, 603a14 . tucsat d'Assal écomnart, Metr. Dinds. iii 280 . doratsatar féin dond ríg | a ndoíri gave themselves up as slaves, SR 3405 . thug iad féin do chraosól gave themselves up to drink, Eochairsg. 3 . dobreth ingen Fhoraind dó was given to him (in marriage), Todd Nenn. 230.1 . ni rag-sa, inge mad doberthar Findabair dam, TBC-I¹ 1244 . With vn. or subord. clause as obj.: tucsamar dó . . . labrad remonn we have yielded him (the right) of speaking before us, Ériu iv 108 . tuc do cach thúaith beith cen síd, Imr. Brain ii 301 . tabair do na dóinib cu rafhógnat daitt, PH 7914 . surrenders, gives up: co tucsat in cathraig, ZCP i 398 . tucsatt an barda an baile, AFM v 1846 . In extended sense: cid dobir na cōic seōtu do eneclann in boairech? what causes?, Laws iv 308 Comm. itchonnarc-sa fén hi . . . ┐ dobēr co follus duib-si hi I will make it plain (cause it to be plain), PH 100 . tuc in péist fiacail do (i.e. bit him), SG 252 . tuccadh droch-cuit d'Ua R. don mhígníomh sin a share in this misdeed was ascribed to O'R., AFM v 1826 . d.¤ teist: combad sissi doberad teist dimsa who should bear witness of me, Wb. 18a3 , cf. 15d8 (but: dobiur teist n-airi, 14a20 , cf. 28b31 ). d.¤ cath, etc. gives battle: dobéraind-sea cath do Choncobair, LL 254a22 . tobert tress ndó, Fianaig. 24 . tucatar in gleo . . . dá chéile, SG 271 . doberar in cath i ndorus ind lis, Anecd. v 15 . buadach in tres tucsabair, SG 37 . By analogy: is na flaith tucad in Tāin, Lec. 363b29 . conad impi tucad Tain Bo Fliguis, 387a38 . Cf. further: thugadar dóibh a Fán . . . gur romhuidh ar Ghallaibh they gave battle to them (cath omitted?), Ériu i 78 . d.¤ grád, etc. DO: ni taibrem seirc donaib rétaib frecndaircib, Wb. 15c19 . mairg dobeir seirc do duni, SCC 44 ( IT i 224 ). dorat Ossin gradh mór dind ingin, RC xiii 9 . co tabraitis na lenaim fuath di used to hate her, SG ii 457 . d.¤ . . . do (dia) aire, etc. takes heed: ni thartsat dia n-airi a n-ebairt in drui, LL 254a23 . is tabartha do airi indus in cheneoil the character . . . must be observed, TBC-I¹ 327 . tren doratus do menmain, SR 1866 , cf. 1945 . ní tarat F. do mod sain paid no heed to that, SG 405 . a ben trebar dos-beir mod his prudent wife is astonished, ScM. 3 (see 1 moth and ZCP xxii 29 ). dobeir di óid aní sìn he gives heed to, LU 9826 ( PRIA xix 532 ). an tan tucsat dia n-uidh e when they noticed it, AFM vi 1898 . Saúl ná tabair d'eislis do not overlook S., SR 6110 (see éislis). do thuatha fadéin tuc dot réir ar tús, KMMisc. 260 . Cf. phrases d.¤ aire, menmain, réir do quoted above. Cf. thug sé a dhaoine don chloidhiomh put . . . to the sword, Psalms lxxviii 62 .

(b) do-beir fri = d.¤ do; orig. FRI is used to introduce object or final purpose of action, cf. ind lēire doratsam fri sechim gníme, Wb. 13d15 ; ni fris tarddam ar n-athius, SP ii 3 ( Thes. ii 293 ); in ingen . . . nochostibrea re cétluth, TBC-LL¹ 3502 . Later indicating recipient: cia risa tibre theidm? to whom wilt thou deal ruin?, RC xx 12 . bean fris tabar coibche . . . ┐ fer dobeir coibche mor fri baidsig, Laws iv 56 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 116 ). dobert-som cairdi friu-som granted them a truce, TBC-I¹ 2899 . dobretha ratha fri Laigniu, LU 9797 . a ratha dorat fri Laigin . . . co tart-som gréin ┐ esca friu, MacCarthy 396 . doberim bríathar ris, Fianaig. 82 (see below (j)). dobreth a fír fer fris he was given fair play, Ériu iii 137 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn, TTr.² 1803 . dobheirim buidheachas re Dia, Donlevy 434 . trom, trén . . . fris tibhre a fhercc, BNnÉ 35 . The follg. might equally be referred to II: doratad crích fri Mumain, Metr. Dinds. iii 202 . dobert drumain di fri cech cóiced he assigned a ridge of it to every province, Ériu iv 152 .

(c) dobeir (ní) ar gives in exchange for, pays for: amal bid lōg mór dubertha erru, Ml. 130d15 . tuc ar Ioseph . . . trichait leth n-unga n-argait, SR 3151 . is ed lóg doberar ar sáerad in domnaig, Ériu ii 196 . nitad tabartha bui duit ar dartaib thou must not give thy cows for strippers, TBC-I¹ 2856 . dorattsat a milettacht ar miodhlachas exchanged their warlike spirit for cowardice, AFM vi 2298 .

(c 2) do-beir ar makes for, attacks : tuc cóic droch-bachlacha duba | ar tairrsech mo thigi 'five bad malevolent churls made for the threshold of my house' Celtica xxv 23 § 3 .

(d) dobeir (ní) i n-, id. (with notion of compensation or retribution): dobértar dá boin 'sa mboin ┐ dá cháirigh 'sa gcáeirig two cows shall be given for one, Fianaig. 72 . is í eraic doradad ind, Corm. Y 690 . inní doberar isin ní fogeilus . . . what is given for that which (the animal) consumes, Laws i 270 Comm.

(e) do-beir uad gives, gives away ; in Mod. Ir. ó with the reflex. pron. is used when the recipient is not expressed; in older lang. somet. accompanies DO and recipient, e.g. dorat Ianothán . . . huad a heirriud do Dauid, SR 5933 ; tabraid uaib airmitiu glan | dom chomdeilb-si, 1823 , 2881 . dorad Ioseph aichni uad orrtha, YBL 64a45 . dobered huadi-si imchomrac na mac bethad, Mon. Tall. 150 . tabhair cúntas do ghabháltais féin uait, TSh. 229 . dobheirit imat almsan uaidibh, Fl. Earls 100 . an tan mhallaighthear sinn, do bheirmaoid ar mbeannachd uáinn, 1 Corinth. iv 12 .

(f) d.¤ immach gives out, gives away, dispenses: int aenmacc ríg . . . is mō fuair ┐ tuc amach, ZCP viii 111 . nech thinóilfios ó fheraib Eirenn immuig 'na tibra-sum immach, SG 400 . cion do chur i nDruim Lethan | do rioghaibh . . . ni thiubar amach go brath I will never concede, BNnÉ 288 . in éiricc dobéra duine amach, Laws i 76 Comm. dā nōi [mbliadna] dorat smacht amach exercised sway, Lec. 44b40 . dlegur an diet do tabhairt amach nisa mó (= alimenta copiosiora sunt exhibenda), 24 P 3, 73.8 .

(g) Of an author cites, adduces: ní tabair desimrechta hic , Sg. 214a5 . tobertar desmrechta . . . dia rēlad, Ml. 25b6 . is do thucad exemplum for this an example has been cited, Sg. 77b5 . in testimni donucsom riam, Tur. 39 ( Thes. i 486 ). ni tucsam dind lín-sin | acht ríga na sluag-sin we have mentioned only the kings, Fél. Ep. 31 . húare nad tucus acht aní rupu thascide I have set down [in my book] only what was necessary, Thes. ii 225 . dobir in brethem cosmailius don chaingin ima fuiglither cites a parallel case, Corm. Y 611 . it mathi na dūla dorata and the elements which have been mentioned, LL 282b7 . ? dobheirid sgrioptúir . . . dá áitiughadh they quote Scripture to prove it, Eochairsg. 107 .

(h) yields, produces:? caera dona caeraib dobert trefuilngid fora craeb, RC xv 419.19 . nicopé lán-torath dobéra, ZCP xi 94 . ionnus go dtiubhradh sibh toradh, John xv 16 .

(i) utters, pronounces (oft. folld. by ar (ós) aird): dobert a srém caurad asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1781 . tug A. a ossnam ass, TE 7 (Eg.). dobeir a mairg eisti she laments, SG 254 . dorad a guth n-ard bur aird, ZCP viii 553 . na gáre dosbertatár ar aird, TBC-I¹ 1783 . tugsat gáire . . . ós aird, Fianaig. 88 . doberat nāi ngrecha . . . os ard, RC xiii 6 . go ttug G. osnach éccomhluinn ós áird, ML 138 . dusrat gach aon scret ┐ eigem . . . os aird, Fl. Earls 140 . ag tabhairt a dhocra fein os aird, BS 90 . In absol. constr. (obj. being the statement follg.): imtusa na nGrec doberar os aird it is reported, TTebe 1714 . iomthusa Eoghain, dobhearar ós áird, ML 116 . dāla mac Milead immorro, dobearar os aird . . . dobrisidur cath, etc., Lec. 568a17 . a thabhairt ar aird cia dorinne, IGT Introd. § 1 . cach ní . . . na tuc ar aird which he had not made known, Laws i 208 Comm. Cf. na leabhair sin . . . tuigidh ar aird ma táid libh produce them if you have them (?), Content. xviii 31 .

(j) d.¤ bréthir (luge, etc.) promises, (swears): is andsin dorad Fergus in lugu-sa, TBC-I¹ 3546 . doberim mo breithir . . . conad taesca, etc., RC xxiv 198 . is mór in briathar-sa dobheir an laech that is a mighty vow the warrior makes, CF 139 . dorat a minna took his oath, Fl. Earls 132 . dorat Dauid a theist . . . nā roaentaigset fria mnai swore, YBL 297a33 (cf. CCath. 6154 : dobertis testa an talman do lucht a ḟiadnaisiu they would call the earth to witness). With transference of obj. to thing sworn by: nā salaig ainm do Dia .i. nā tabair d'éthech he do not swear falsely by him, PH 7626 . ná tabhair ainm Dé gan fath, Ó Héodhusa 125 . tabhair an Céolán nár ghoid tu an chulaigh swear by the `Ceolan' (name of a bell), Ériu v 98 . dobhér dhó . . . grian ┐ easga, ML 104 (cf. exx. quoted under (b) above). acht cheana tuigim-se na dei nar-ua cedughud dom vadein I swear by the gods, TTebe 2031 . ná tabhraidh neamh . . . ná tabhraidh an talamh swear not by heaven . . . by earth, Matthew v 34 , 35 ; xxiii 6 . With transference of obj. to statement sworn: tucc E. dá bhréithir . . . nach béardaois, etc. E. pledged his word, ML 134 . doberim dom bréthir ris, Fianaig. 78 . dobermáit dár [mb]reithir, SG 241 . dobeirim fám' breither . . . go ndigeolainn, MR 278 . tugas féin fóm' bréithir nach diongnainn . . ., ML 114 .

(k) d.¤ bréic, etc. imm deceives: na taibred cách úaib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . bréc dorat in ben imond the woman has deceived us, IT i 132 . ní tartat sensus breíc im anmin the senses cannot deceive, Acr. 5d5 ( Thes. ii 2 ). na comarthadha na tardsat breicc immum riam, CCath. 5119 . co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC-I¹ 1461 . dobera muin n-immi he will be taken in, IT i 144 . See also s.v. 3 muin and muinbech. Different constr. in TBC-I¹ 1595 ( LU 6067 ): dober (leg. doberr) brēc imon n-ingin who is beguiled about the girl (?).

(l) d.¤ agaid (cúl, druim, etc.) turns: nach fuil nech dobera a agid formsa who will face me, CRR 44 . dorat a agaid fri muindtir neime, BColm. 70 . ná tabair cúl dot chétmhóid turn not your back on your first vow, O'Gr. Cat. 402 . nach tug cúl re béim a bíodhbhadh, Ó Bruad. ii 264 . tuc a druim re grian do ┐ a bél a n-airde, CF 358 . nā tabrad a druim fria Ríg, BColm. 100 . na tabair lāim frim do not resist me, SR 3182 . doberat a lām fri hEtail they skirt the coast of Italy, Aen. 137 . dorad a láimh ndeis re dúnadh righ he left the fortress . . . on his right, BS 100 . contardad tóeb fri muir keeping along the sea, Fianaig. 36 . óc in mac . . . dober bond ri Banba ṁbind `who sets foot on Banba's soil', Ériu vii 224 . ní thard troig teichidh ré n-uathad ná ré sochaide he never fled, SG ii 487 . dobeir tóib fri (do) trusts: fri corpthadid doberat Iudai tóib, Wb. 15b2 . ná tabair toeb fri Saul, SR 5956 . is trén an tigerna | rise-tabram taobh, ZCP viii 203 . See taeb. dobeir láim ar (fo) takes in hand, sets about: thug C. lámh ar imtheacht, ITS i 140 . nistibrea liaig laim fom leiges-sa, PH 423 . mór in feidm fa tucais laim, MR 202 . olc in gnímh fa tucus laimh, ZCP x 415 . Note also: tucsat lámh co foiréignech inn they laid hands on him, SG 30 .

(m) With expressions of time spends: taréis a n-aimsire do thabairt dona hAlbanachuibh after the Albanachs had completed their term of service, ALC ii 406 . tucatar in chétsel don oidche re hól . . . tucatar in tres shel re suan, SG 268 . . . . iarla ná tug bliadhain dá shaogal acht ag snoidhe a chnám, etc., O'Gr. Cat. 565 . gearr an seal thugsad fa chion, Content. v 106 . In later lang. folld. by ass: tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach, Fianaig. 52 . dá fheabhas dobhéara duine a bheatha as, TSh. 33 .

(n) With various other nouns: i maigin hi tabair th'úal (= ubi mingis), Thes. ii 248 . dobeir [an gerrán] a mún ann, SG ii 484 . dobérat huili a coibsena will make confession, Wb. 6b27 . co tarat cach díb a chobais dia cēle, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). is ris doberead a comairli with him he used to take counsel, Ériu v 236 . dobēram comairli fair-sin we will take counsel on that matter, RC viii 152 . acht int hé na tibri cert who does not deal fairly, SR 1659 . senad sruithi . . . dofuctais recht is canóin who used to deliver (promulgate), 4524 . fer dobered mór ndeg-breth, Metr. Dinds. iii 36 . na hécóire dobertha i taoib araile díob the foul play that was being practised towards, SG 325 . tucsat a bfeidm i n-einḟeacht `made their attack', MR 272 . ? doradadh sin in gnim do geallus doib the dead . . . has been accomplished, ZCP x 303 . o dorat Mártain ní i ḟertaib when M. had done something in the way of miracles (?), RC iii 392 = Lat. Lives 92 . tuc airrdhe na croiche, 94 (perh. taris is understood). a chēim co imthréith ni thard never took a feeble step, LL 140b50 . nach tug céim ar gcúl i ngroidghleo, Ó Bruad. ii 52 . ba hé luas ind ērma do-n-ucsad iar mBregaib the course they made, TBC-I¹ 675 . tuc se leim assan luing, BCC 195 . tucsat a rith robalc | in chonart the hound-pack bore its impetuous course, Metr. Dinds. iii 408 . ní roan don ruathar sin tucustair, Ériu v 242 . tucsat na siabra side made an onset, Metr. Dinds. ii 66 , cf. AFM vi 2114 . rathaigis in slog indas in toichime dombert (i.e. noticed his gait), TBC-I¹ 2939 . tugastair tulgad don mhanaois gave a thrust of the spear, ML 88 . tuccsat a ttaisbenadh fein don dá tighearna sin showed themselves to those two lords, AFM vi 2080 . mairg mathair dorad m' idhna who suffered birth pangs for me, CF 97 . intan dorata na etarnaidi ara chinn ó Loegaire when the ambuscades were laid for him, Hy. vii Pref . ( Thes. ii 354 ). ní tuc urcor n-imraill riam, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . dobir Colmán . . . tí da bachaill makes a circle with his staff, BColm. 62 .

(o) causes, brings about, effects: cid dober th' orfailtius? CRR 18 . fer . . . rodatuc for longes who caused your exile (?), TBC-I¹ 3584 . ní heasbaidh eoluis . . . tug don choirneach mo chrostáil that caused the tonsured friar to censure me, Ó Bruad. ii 208 . tuc mh'eg it has caused my death, BS 26 . súaill nach ttuc mh'oididh, 28 . iarfaidh Dia fort gach aon tucais a malairt (but perh. = i m-malairt?), RC xxxiv 312 . dorat imarbaigh hi tig Guaire, Ériu v 26 . doratsat creidemain gur uo firbriathra . . . gach ar chan in senóir `these showed that', Fl. Earls 128 . dorad Conn sneachta mór tre draoidheacht, Keat. i 116 . a cumuilt don cend ┐ dobeir in folt it promotes the growth of the hair, 24 B 3, 97.3 . Freq. in pass. in sense of occurred: Finachta .i. snechta fína thucad ina ḟlaithius, Lec. 445b9 . noco tucad cith cruaid clochshneachta, MR 236 . tuccadh ár Laighen, 110 . Folld. by vn. phrase or subord. clause: gorab e secrān eagna tuc an baramail sin da tabairt, Ir. Astr. Tr. 30 . cred dober gan comlann éinfir d'ḟagail do?, CF 449 . dober sin nech gan beth dub nā gel, 24 B 3, 103.7 . fiarfaigid Ipocras cad dober gurob faidi an aimser, etc. asks why the time is longer, 23 P 10, 17a30 .

(p) Folld. by adj. or equivalent as complement of pred. makes, renders, causes to be: dosrat inna ligu laid them low, Hy. ii 62 Comm. fer . . . | dober in cosmail cach leirg who renders every slope the same (?), TBC-I¹ 71 . cid donrat samlaid? what has made him so?, CRR 1 , 2 . ri dosrat . . . indara huair blāith . . ., ind uair aili ainbthechae who has made them (the winds) at one time calm, at another tempestuous, SR 93 . dobheir mé duilbhir doirbh, Ériu i 95 . Clann Morna fa líg 's fa lecht | tugais comlomm thou hast brought to bareness, 16 . cid dobeir gan mnái tú?, Ériu iii 152 . domrat Dia cen derbráthair, SG 58 . tug teinn tréith mé, O'Gr. Cat. 527 . intan tucad máthair í when she conceived, SG 391 . dobeir deghdatha í gives it a good colour (the face), O'Gr. Cat. 191 . tug sé minlinnte ina muir, 451 . don tréad tug mo rádh bréagach who have given the lie to my word, Ó Bruad. iii 142 .

II Puts, places, sets: co tarat il-láim na cumaile put it into the c.'s hand, Hy. v 72 Comm. dobertatar in lucuirp luibe do-som ina cluasa(ib) `gave him herbs (to put) in his ears' (put herbs in his ears?), Ériu xvi 38 § 4 . tucad a tosuch fo diu[d] its beginning has been put at the end, Sg. 202b8 . doridne Dia in talam ┐ tuc muir ina thimchell, Lec. 527b12 . dorat in cloidem triasin mbrat ran the sword through the cloak, RC ii 388 . doberait a tri sligi trit, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tugsat Saxain sceana eturra ┐ a m-maelana hid knives in the soles of their shoes, Todd Nenn. 102 .

Frequent with prepp.

(a) with FO: tarat a bragait fon cungai (of a horse), Hy. v 55 Comm. ( Thes. ii 341 ). ? maccán sē mbliadnae déac intan dobreth fo déraib, ii 3 ( 308 ). loscset dún Cláre . . . tucsat fo thenid etrocht, LL 27b9 . rí dosrat fo thalman tói, Metr. Dinds. ii 40 . dosmbéra fo chumachta in maicc, Wb. 13a30 . ni hed domthabair fo grād which confers dignity on me, SR 3301 . dorad iathu Erenn . . . fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186 . dosfug fo baithis ┐ creidim, Todd Nenn. 78 . dosrat fo chlaidiub, SR 4148 . mór do ros-gaibh ban mbáidhe | doradus fo eccaoine have I made weep, BS 130 . ni fuath . . . tug fúm aigneadh athraightheach `that has given me a discontented mind', KMMisc. 242.15 . dorat Dia fo a menmain had inspired them to do it, SR 3704 . dorat Duid bindius foaib (of psalms), Hib. Min. 156 . tucadar dá chapall . . . futha mounted two mares, Imr. Brain i 68 . dobir a anail fóithib, Trip.² 597 . mairg fa ttabhraid mna menma on whom women set their fancy, BS 112 . d.¤ fo dera, see fo-fera.

(b) With FOR (and accus.)

(i) of local relations: intan dobered nech a mēr for a ētan, Corm. Y 48 . roradsat T.D.D. temheal forsan gréin, BB 32a52 . fri hōl . . . dobertis na lestair-si forsna tibradaib, Corm. Y 48 . Eremon fēn dorad fōt furri buried her, Lec. 569a33 . co tarat a tech forthu knocked down the house upon them, Ériu v 212 . tucsat a curach fursan muir, KMMisc. 322 . co tarat fein teinid fair set fire to it, Anecd. iii 34 . doberthar F. for a deisreth let F. be placed on his right, TBC-I¹ 1579 . doratad cumrech forru they were put in bonds, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). dorigni tech ┐ ní tardad (thárrad, v.l.) simin tuga fair, Trip.² 1816 . tabraid-si ar bur menmain bear in mind, CCath. 5142 .

(ii) With vnn. etc.: tucad for altruim he was put out in fosterage, SG 391 . far ṅDia do forfuc for brath your God has betrayed you, SR 4679 . tuccastair an baile for a cumus placed . . . in his power, BNnÉ 264 . dobert a máthair Corc ar faesum na hamaidi placed C. under the protection of, Lec. 443a32 . cidh rottuc ar gealtacht thú? what has driven thee mad?, BS 102 . co ttucsat misi ar fáoineal ┐ ar foluamhuin, ib. cenco tucad grian for rith cose though the sun was not yet started on its course, Lec. 527b4 . doratad fort sheilb it has been given into thy possession, PRIA xix 546 ( LL 147a 9 ).

(iii) In sense lays upon, confers on, imposes on, inflicts on (both in good and bad sense); in Mid. Ir. often taking the place of an O.Ir. construction with DO: is airi sin doratad foir a n-ainmm sin, Sg. 31a6 (doratad dó is the usual O.Ir. construction). dobretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177 . parrthus talmhaidi doberta for an n-istadh sin, ZCP i 252 . ni taibre grad for nech do not ordain, Wb. 29a22 . co tarda grád fair, 'until he ordains him [king]' Trip. 2303 , PBA lxviii 128 . dobēr indus fair I will reconnoitre it (a route), TBC-I¹ 378 . ordd abgitir dorat forsna consona, Sg. 23b5 . isí roinn tucsat fair the division they made of it, D IV 2, 77 rb 9 . is mait[h] int anocul tuc for na heocha it is well he has spared the horses, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . go ttarad D. aithne fair recognized him, BS 16 . doberat adrad Dé foirn worship us as Gods, PH 2060 . dobeir barr for sluagu `puts a top on' (i.e. forms a climax, crowns), Fél. Nov. 30 , cf. Mar. 31 . ara tardda bendacht for anmain in truagáin, Thes. ii 257 . arin altrom dobertais[s]iu form-sa, ZCP viii 553 . dober-sa fortacht fair, TTebe 1918 . combad iarsin ḟrecra doberad-si for Meidb, TBC-I¹ 279 . ní thug-san iomagallamh air did not address him, RC xxix 116 . doratsat impidi fair, FB § 27 . ina hetarguíde doberait na nóib fair, PH 6386 . nicon tibre etech form he will not refuse me, Corm. Y 698 . ar son na héra tucais fair, SG 28 . gach tenga . . . forsa tardadh rath, Ériu iv 238 . SR 7143 . rí dorat sobarthain sláin | for ciniud n-amra nAbráim, 7433 . cia ar a ttiobhra [Críost] breath?, Parrth. Anma 93 = Luc. Fid. 49 . dobertis cech n-olc form, Ml. 54c30 , cf. 89a2 . dorat brón for sochaide, Fianaig. 66 . tucatar . . . buaidred ar buidhnibh, 90 . ar ná tucca nech crith fort, Tec. Corm. 46 . ni tarda tusliud form may it not cause me to stumble, Hy. vi 12 Comm. ( Thes. ii 352 ). co tardta bricht suain fair, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . rí fors tardad gūforgall, SR 7752 . tabraidh in adhaidh doberdáiss orainn orra fein, Expugn. Hib. 17 . dobertsad ár adhbhal forra, AFM 1172 . tuc bleith mulind forthu, CRR 25 . ní tuc laech dibh-sin guin air, CF 789 , cf. 129 . ní tabur a chin ar nech blame does not accrue to anyone, Ériu v 26 . tobert a chin forsin fer he charged the man . . . with the injury, Laws iv 178 Comm. ní tharda fornn . . . digail seirb, SR 2727 . ni tarda dínsium for a n-abraim-si do not despise what I say, CF p. 89 . tucsat esbaid aonmeic (sic leg.) ort, a Dé they deprived Thee of Thy only Son, ACL iii 243 . iarsin fingail doratsat for sóerchlandaib Erenn, ZCP xi 63 n. 10 . dobērthar in mor-martra ann for sil Adaim, SR 8179 . ná tabhairthear éigion fair, BNnÉ 28 . dorat forrán for Tamár forced, SR 6710 . dobert-sa gén fort I have made you a laughing-stock, TBC-LL¹ 1893 . dobērat maldachtain form-sa, TBC-I¹ 23 . dorat cúrsachad mór forra, SG 89 . dobérsa miscaid fair, Ériu viii 156 . tabarr pian forsna hí, Ml. 104b2 . ní thabhair Dia orumsa | pian, BS 138 . bóthar na Muilte . . . thug sgís ar mhórán do mhnáibh, Ériu i 101 . uair mian moltcharna doradadh d'á mhathair for Oilill Molt an gcén robhaoi n-a broinn O. M. got a taste for wether-mutton from his mother, Hy Fiach. 96 . Also freq. with ammus, fóbairt, sidhe, maidm, etc., q.v.

(iv) enjoins upon, compels, instigates: dosbēr-sa fort-sa do Dia féin do fácbail, PH 2060 . doradad fair géim drúith do dénam, RC xxiv 54 . is e dorad foraib-si in bréag do cantain, Todd Nenn. 94 .

(c) With FRI: conducthar nomen fris until a name is put to it, Sg. 200b13 , cf. 42b7 , 63a17 . dobreth coirthi fria chenn ┐ araile fria chosa, TBC-I¹ 419 . dobert aigid fri aigid, Fianaig. 36 . tucastar sciath fri sciath, CRR 45 . ise naidm dorad Corc mac L. ria lāim Conaill the compact which C. made with C., Lec. 410a29 . ar des rīg is ruirech | doradsad frit lāim, TBC-I¹ 2270 . dobheirim m'ainm ré n-abraim I put my name to what I write, Content. xxi 1 . dober frit a l[ín] lae o thus bliad[ne] `thou puttest the number of days' (gl. computa dies), Thes. ii 36 . Of fig. relations: nathir . . . donrat fri saeth tria aslach who has brought us into trouble, SR 1342 . dosrat fri sním, 5797 , cf. 5867 . manip fri toil Dé dosmerat unless they lead him to oppose the will of God, Mon. Tall. 144 . Cf. also under I (l) above.

(d) With IMM: dobeir a dī bois ima dī lecain, Corm. Y 756 . dobert in rígan brat ngorm imbi put on , TBC-I¹ 726 . dorat nél impu, SR 3963 . tobert C. beoil ima heim smeared grease on its hilt, Corm. Y 883 . tuc urrcur de uimpe struck him against it (i.e. the boulder?), CF 221 , cf. tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC-LL¹ 1027 .

(e) With I N-

(i) Of local relations: dobert (.i. tuc) díllat i criol Ronchinn, Hy. v 84 ( Thes. ii 347 ). dabir it béulu thou puttest it into thy mouth, Thes. ii 249 . ni thardad dantmir i mbeolu in chind, Corm. Y 1018 . dobeir a láim il-láim tigerna, CRR 11 , cf. SG 90.29 . dorad a mhér a suainemh na sleighe, BS 10 . co tard a fiacla inn, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . baile i tartad in degben was buried, Metr. Dinds. iii 40 . a n-as tardtar ana hūir what is laid in its clay (of a graveyard), Lism. L. 3505 . tucad a talmain la [a] mac was buried, Lec. 580a32 . dorad misi it chumann-sa | mallacht Ronáin R.'s curse has thrown me into thy company, BS 82 . domratad i slabraid I have been put in chains, ZCP vi 263 .

(ii) With abstr. as obj.: gurub faill tug 'n-ar tegmáil he has neglected our quarrel, Ériu iv 216 . mairg thugas neamhshuim a dteangainn a dhuthaoi féin, O'Gr. Cat. 219 .

(iii) I N- folld. by abstr.: ní thibér-sa tusa i n-áirem I will hold thee of no account, PH 1804 . ni tabar a n-uimir cenel acht cined dā mac dib nama the descendants of only two sons are counted among the races, Lec. 67b14 . doberr don dligud-so i frithcheist gl. huic opponitur, Sg. 163b10 . doberr hi cotarsne do gl. obiicitur, 21b5 . amal duberad nech do hi ceist as though someone had asked him, Ml. 56a13 . conda-tardat hi coibsin may confess it, Ml. 181d16 . taibred hi cobsin di anmcharait, Ériu vii 158 . na peacaidhe thug duine i ndearmad, Eochairsg. 108 . ar nachat-tarda nech i n-éislis lest thou be neglected, Tec. Corm. 46 . ní thard ó D. na sgéla sin i foill, Hugh Roe 118 .

(iv) With pers. obj., brings, puts (into a state or condition): as é domrad a n-ainriocht, BS 42 . as Dia dudnuic issa n-imned, Ml. 44d14 . dosbér uili i mbás i mbath I will destroy them, SR 2431 . ó dotrat i socht, i sním, Ériu vii 225 (impers. use of vb.?). dosrat a snim mor sloigh na nG. um an ni-sin the hosts of the G. were sorely troubled about that matter (cf. prec. ex.), Ériu v 146 . do naemaib Eirenn tuc sadaile na bethad-so i dtarcaisne who spurned this life's luxuries, O'Gr. Cat. 638 . Cf. further: a flaith . . . dosrat hi ceathra ranna fichet, Lec. 45b40 . Cf. I (p) supra.

(f) With TAR: ronfialadar .i. dorata a fial torund may He put His veil over us, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). tardad dícealtar tairsib, ZCP viii 103 . dobert láim dara agid, TBC-I¹ 1841 . co tarat láim dar hiffern (of Christ harrowing Hell), SR 7772 . tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, TBC-I¹ 1471 . dorat sighin na croiche tairis crossed himself, RC xxxiv 322 . dobér-sa . . . a crosa dar m'aigidh, ZCP viii 110 . fuilt dar a tabar, it liat[h]a upon which it is poured (of a well), Todd Nenn. 194 . co tabrad usce dar a lámu, RC ii 400 . dorad Dia dilind tarsin n-uili doman, Lec. 534a31 .

(g) sends: tabar fer for āth damsa (a challenge), TBC-I¹ 1482 (where senses give and put are both implicit). dobretha Medb techta for cend Fir Diad, 2210 , 2212 . co tibred aingliu i m-agaid-si that he would send angels to encounter me, PH 1786 . dobretha C. nonbor úad . . . do chuingid mna do Ch., LU 10168 . comadh iat a daltadha doberta ar amus Sencháin dús cia dhib, etc. who were sent to S., ACL iii 5 . doradad Paladius a papa C. do progecht soscela do Scotaib, BB 10a26 .

III Brings, leads .

(a) fedar .i. . . . dohucthar (referring to Lat. ferri), Sg. 210a4 . donfé .i. donfuca may she bring us, Hy. iv 2 Comm. ( Thes. ii 325 ). dodfetis .i. dobertis, Hy. ii 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 312 ). ní fitemmar can doberr whence it is brought (of a variant reading), Sg. 32b5 . dobreit[h] dobarchi isin comhbreic (the word) `dobarchi' has been introduced into Cymric, Corm. Y 311 . is é Nothelmus tucastar epistil ó Griguir, Anecd. iii 64 . in rí thuc inn arcc forcūl who brought back the ark, SR 5505 . ba i ngataib dombertadar a l-loegu, TBC-I¹ 912 . in scian tucad dō a tirib Alban, Corm. Y 698 . Fig. brings, deduces, traces (of a sequence, genealogy, etc.): is amlaid sin tugasdair ar senoir-ne geinilach Breatan a cronicib na Romanach, Todd Nenn. 36 . o Róba . . . tugus co cróda an caithréim | co Codnaig, Hy Fiach. 278 . tucus lim . . . o Chloind Maelruanaid . . . co craeib Luaraid, 214 . With co: tabram ar roisc ┐ ar indfhethium co Dia let us raise our eyes and our thoughts to God, PH 8067 . fén douc a bantigerna chuci, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 333 ). tuccastair a mac féin cuice d'fir took to her as husband, MacCarthy 288 . ceadh ima ram-tugadh-sa chugaibh?, RC xiv 258 . doberar a drai co Brian, RC xxiv 180 . tug C. clann Cruithnigh do cobraid cuci called in the Picts to his aid, BB 370a42 . caisil . . . .i. cís dobertha o feraib Erenn cosin luc sin, Corm. Y 391 . With DOCHUM: cenis-tuca-su chucud dochom betad hi though thou bring her not to life, Mon. Tall. 144 . tuc na heochu chum beathadh dorísí, SG 25 . dobēra mo des-sa Aenias dochum bāis will put (lit. bring) to death, Aen. 2895 . nis tibritis dochum in carpait they could not bring (the Grey of Macha) to the chariot, RC iii 175 . nír fhác senmóir riam nach tibredh duine dochum creidme, SG 44 .

(b) With LA referring to subject (the usual construction in later lang.): donfuca leis, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). co nostucam lenn i mbrait, SR 3979 . tucus mo sheotu lim ┐ mo indili, TBC-I¹ 1612 . In fig. relations: in tucsam Temraig lind? have we taken in Tara in our course? (lit. brought with us), SG ii 492 ( LL 329a5 ). clanda Gaeidil . . . thucsom a n-imthechta lind o . . . thur Neamruad ille we have followed their adventures from the tower of N. onwards, Lec. 565b10 ( BB 38a11 ); cf. Hy Fiach. 214 quoted under III (a). dia tarta nech leis na cōic fa dhó if anyone multiply the five by two, Lism. L. 4618 . With abstr. obj.: tug leis feirg n-adhbhal n-anba | dom athchur he brought with him, i.e. displayed, BS 6 . abradh fris co ná tardad gráin ná hirfuath leis ina dochum, ACL iii 5 . indas na luinde ┐ na barainde . . . tucsat leo isin chath, LL 403a25 .

(c) d.¤ anuas brings down, humbles (mod.): dobhéuruinn a náimhde anuas go haithgheárr, Psalms lxxxi 14 , cf. xviii 27 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 3 : maor nach tug sároghadh síos `who has not taken down my offences' (?). See Desid. Gloss. (anuas) .

(d) d.¤ suas brings up, rears, educates (mod.): nech . . . tuccadh suas i Saxoibh as a óicce, AFM v 1752 . mar neach tugadh suas ionna ḟochair as one brought up with him, Proverbs viii 30 . degh-thabhartha suas well-educated , Rel. Celt. ii 206 .

IV Gets, wins, takes: an extension of meaning brings folld. by certain prepp. such as AS or Ó. Mostly in Mid. Ir. with confusion of do-rat- and do-ucc-, see above under forms.

(a) dorat mac Lonán ar a dhán ó fheraib Eirenn ní nach lugha iná a tuc Guaire immach won for his art from the men of Ireland an amount no less than G. had given away, SG 400 . in tan bes glainiu in anim rop and dos ucca Día may God take the soul when it is purest, Ériu vi 116 . rofāssaigh machaire na Muman . . . co tard iltáintiu carried off, RC xviii 50 (Tig.). tuchta tāinte treabh-clann | la Cremhthand, Todd Nenn. 136 . is ua dobeir cheird who adopts a calling, PRIA xix 546 . cinged issin sliab co tabrad fiad `to fetch a deer', Arch. Hib. ii 70 . tuccusae comarleccud I obtained permission, Mon. Tall. 136 . is iad dobeiredh gach buaidh, SG 34 . dobertatar a búaid they gained the victory over him, ZCP ix 192 . nipad andsu Cuchulaind acht tuctha a c[h]leitine aire provided his javelin were taken from him, TBC-I¹ 1331 . dobered leth brandaigechta ┐ fi[d]chillachta fora thigerna used to win, 2327 . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra, RC v 199 .

(b) With ASS: nicon robae rann di rannaib in domain as nacha tucad Dia, Ml. 125b7 (where meaning is still brings); cf. 94d4 . dotuc ass, a gillai (take thyself off?), LL 117a31 . asa Iubdain tuc mé as `I.'s sandals bore me through undrowned', SG 252 . ond uair doratus[s]a menmain ind, ní thucus as from the time that I set my mind on Him, I have never taken it from Him, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 324 ). dobeir Cuchulainn in ṅgai ass draws out the spear, RC iii 178 . dia taltar in cloch as do chind . . . mani tucthar ass, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 8 . romarbsat he . . . ┐ ni tucsat banne fola as did not draw a drop of blood, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). dibeir coicait Breasal la gach n-ernaighthe a hiffern takes fifty (souls) out of Hell, ZCP vii 306 . dusfuc Patraic . . . a taig Diaboil, ACL iii 303 . rí dofuc brait hiffirn uair | a pēin, a crithfeidm, SR 7777 , cf. 3961 . rocumdaig Dia int asna dorad a hAdhamh, BB 16b26 . dorat an t-oglach brodchú as a choim, Imr. Brain i 60 . saighit na sluaigh an chathair, co ttartsat a seoit . . . eiste, Leb. Gab.(i) 84 .

(c) With DE takes from: dothuc do Adaum a chenn | co ruc co Hierusalem, SR 2235 . dobēraind-sea a c[h]eand de, TBC-I¹ 824 . is he Tuathal tart a cindu dona coiceadaib cut off the extremities of the provinces, Lec. 594a10 = tall . . . dena c., LL 295b13 . co tuc a mind dia chend, SR 6727 . tair . . . fein don craunn | tuc de oen-ubull, 1262 , cf. 1285 . do naimdib doberar `from enemies it is taken', Laws i 228 Comm.

(d) With Ó: dobert secht multu uade carried off seven wethers from her, Hy. v 36 ( Thes. ii 337 ). cid tuccais ó Guaire? what has thou got from G.?, ACL iii 2 . ised tucsam o Máolrúain (the teaching) we received from M., Mon. Tall. 137 . da fuc Michol o Alathis took M. from A. (her husband), SR 6571 . dorad giallu o Findachta . . . ri Laigen, Lec. 138b43 . dorat mallachtain don tí . . . dobera[d] a mainc[h]ine ó Chiarán, ACL iii 226 . dorat buar iomdha uaidhibh, AFM 1263 (iii 392) . co ttarat a réir uadhoibh obtained his demand from them, 705 (i 306) . tuccais an éccsi nglain | ón mnaoi mérghil, ót máthair, ZCP viii 109 . in uainn tucadh? was it taken from us?, Laws i 74 Comm.

(e) d.¤ mnái takes a wife, weds: nā tuic seitchi gl. noli quaerere uxorem, Wb. 10a30 . regat-sa . . . co tuc a ingin, SR 5827 . an adhaigh tuc Mongán Dubhlacha, | tuc Mac an Daimh [a com]alta, Imr. Brain i 63 . co tucas-sa in mbé sáir sláin, Ériu iv 154 . dofuc-som ingin Aithechda, Hib. Min. p. 77 . nach tibrad mnai dogrés dia nustuccad nech ali remiu he would never wed any woman if another had wedded her already, TE 2 (Eg.). ca ben dobér? what woman shall I marry?, ZCP viii 113 . gēba flaithius ┐ dobēra rigan, Aen. 1248 . Fithir álainn . . . in ben dorat rí Berba, SG 360 . co tarat Eochu . . . in n-ingin ba siniu .i. Fithir, LL 294b48 ( RC xiii 36 ). amser i tibred Alax . . . mnái do Grecaib illánamnus, LL 229b34 ( TTr. 925 ). tabhair m'inghen-sa. —Ní thiubhar-sa í, ITS v 148 . annsa n-eiséirghe ní thabhruid fir mná ┐ ní tugthar mná d'fhearaibh, Matthew xxii 30 . With DO: tuc Hiruath ingin Aristopuil ... do mnaí, Ev.Inf. (LB) 381 § 104 . isé in Nemhnall sin dorad Finmaith inghen Carthaigh do mnáoi, BNnÉ 25 § 15 .

(f) d.¤ immach wins, captures (most freq. with vn.) (cf. I (f) above): an ben rucadh uaim-si . . . nach tuitfe fer d'Ulltachaib impe ag a tabairt amach in recovering her, Imr. Brain i 67 . ag tabhairt bhailte móra amach ó na nāimdibh, Rel. Celt. ii 206 . do chuir sídsi 'ma chaislén ┐ níor chinn leis a thabhairt amach, 178 . d.¤ istech id. : tuc A. sin isteach (of land), AFM iv 974 .

V Occas. do-beir appears as an intrans. vb. folld. by FOR or other prep. or adv. in sense makes for; falls on, attacks ; perh. from an orig. reflexive use, cf. dosfucsad dias laech do Laignib for Chond ┐ rosfobairsed Conn threw themselves on C., Lec. 598a46 . dober P. for N. ┐ non-gon, BB 440b32 . imatarla doib . . . co tarat indt aoinfer for firu Erind, Anecd. v 11 ( Sc.M² 8 . See Celtica iii 267 ). ise dorat forru co brath attacked them, ZCP xiii 348.9 . co tuc fói fell upon him (?), LL 260b50 . dorat cách co dúr ┐ co díchra risin debaid betook himself to the fray, 256a43 . doberait a muinter co dichra a n-agaid A., Aen. 2636 . doradsat co dichra 'sin cath, 2859 , 2612 . Follg. ex. is perh. an extension of this use: is andsin tucsad na tuatha-sin rigi do thabairt do S. made a move (decided) to give (?), Lec. 447a39 .

VI

(a) comprehends, understands ; gl. intellegere, Wb. 21c11 . intendere, 15a29 . hi tucu cheist ndoraid where I understand a difficult problem, SP ii 8 ( Thes. ii 294 ). ni tucai cách dib belrae alaili, Ml. 42c7 . duucthar tria rosc aní nolabraifitis, 55a10 . ara tuicce ar-rolegais, Wb. 28d7 . ara tucca cach a canas, 27b27 . ní tucsat cia chruth conrerortatar, Ml. 75d10 . nad tuicset rúna, Wb. 15a29 . ní tucid féin ní da n-abraid, RC xxviii 314 . do neoch dorucai mo rí | bec dofucaid ní dia grés of what my king can comprehend ye understand little (?), SR 7983 . ni frith dó . . . dia drúidib nech dosfucad, 3228 , cf. 2763 . ní ragaib acht nem . . . do cach oen nodgēbad ┐ nodafucfad etir cēill fogra, RC xx 134 . nír thuiccestair an mbreithir atbert R. fris, BNnÉ 323 . do tucsat cēlmhaine na ndruadh, ZCP i 398 . ní tucenn aenduine in briathar-sin uaithe, vi 291 . cindus rothuiggisi in berla ebraidi uaithib ┐ tu fen it' gregach?, YBL 141b22 . Folld. by vn. clause: ni tuccai nech anfoirbthe buith fo riaguil, Ériu i 202 .

(b) perceives, observes, is aware of: tucim nár bé chóir, TBC-LL¹ 4083 . douicim-ne ┐ tuigmit conid mog do Dia tusa, PH 750 . dofuicind Dia . . . co n-oslaicfither bar ruisc (= scit Deus quod aperientur, etc. , Gen. iii 5 ), Lec. 530a10 = dofuicfind, BB 16b53 . ar na rothucad Pátraic cia dia ṅdernad int immun, Trip. 396 . doucad in tan ticfad sonend ┐ donend, LU 823 ( ACC 58 ). dofucfa cách 'na mbia fo menmain a chéli cen a falsigud o briathraib, RC xxv 248 . tuigedh gurab ar gealtacht robháoi an bhen, BS 108 . ní thuigfinn m'imshníom ná m'olc | ar ghualainn mhic C. I should not be conscious of, O'Gr. Cat. 453 . o rathuic corba corp dia adnocul, tuc airrde na croiche, Lat. Lives 94 . o rathuicistair . . . a mbeith nocht (= cum cognovissent se esse nudos, Gen. iii 7 ), Lec. 530a21 . In ipv. oft. folld. by la + refl. pron., tuic lat observe, note , know (common in med. texts): tuic leat gurob comartha bāis, 23 P 10, 3b10 ; 7a1 ; 30a56 , etc. With OC: tuig agad cindus bis tiacht amach an tsile take note how the flux issues forth, 10b26 . Folld. by AR, perceives, knows (by looking at): atcífe diabul ┐ tuicfe a olc fair, PH 2037 . dothuigisdar ar in ablainn ndiatha . . . bí eder a lāmhaib an tsaguirt (sic leg.) . . . co roibi pecadh folaidhthi aigi he knew from the consecrated wafer . . . that he (the priest) had committed some secret sin, Lib. Flav. i 33 rb 12 . tuigim ort go saoiltear libh, etc., Content. xiv 53 . Folld. by ASS knows (from), infers (from): tuicim-se as a tuarascbail, TBC-LL¹ 5660 (St.). issed rotuiccedh as sain, na huilc tháncatar `hence men presaged the evils', SG 406 . tuicter as sin nach fedann laeighi ara taebhaibh it is a sign that he cannot lie on his side, 23 P 10, 3a30 . Vbl. of necess.: is tuicti na comartha-sin do bheith go holc, 24 P 22, 105.13 . is tuigthe dhaoibh . . . gur ab iad sin clann Abraham, Galatians iii 7 . as tuigthe dhúinn as so gurab decair, etc., Ó Héodhusa 15 .

(c) thinks, opines, considers: nihil medico conducibilius censeo . . . .i. ni tuigim go bhfuil ní, etc., 23 K 42, 184.4 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum etc., I do not think that I could agree, Content. ix 5 . cé bé duine nach biaidh leinn . . . tuigmíd gur duine i n-ar n-aghaidh in duine sin, O'Gr. Cat. 468 . do thuicc drong dona hughdaruibh . . . gurab must as ferr a n-ionadh an fhíona, 24 P 32, 52.6 ; 211.9 .

(d) means, signifies (usually in pass.): cennsa tuicther tresin snechta is symbolized by, PH 3386 . triasan uiscce tuicther popul na creitmech, tuict[h]er Críst triasin fín, RC xxxvii 346 . a toghaide tre-uillech, trésa tuicthear in Trinōid, MR 92 . an sextuarius adubramar . . . as é sextuarius an uisce thuigmid we mean a s. of water, 24 P 32, 94.1 . adeir G. . . . antan aderar eiliborus . . . go tuicter eiliborus geal antan sin that white hellebore is meant, 23 P 10, 31b46 .

(e) In certain cases folld. by prep. DOCHUM, DO, FRI (LE), understands (of), applies or refers to (freq. in pass.): species .i. gnē ┐ termin uilidhe ┐ tuicther duine ┐ leomhan chuige sin (i.e. `man' and `lion' are referred to, are examples of a species), 24 P 3, 304.23 . as iad so na daine da tuicter so .i. na daine bis a n-āis .x. bliadan .xx. this applies to persons of the age of thirty, 23 P 10, 8a10 . ni do lucht na paralisi amain tuicter an rādh so this saying applies not to paralytics alone, 44b46 . an spic[a] adubramar, as d'olaidh an spica .n. thuigios Mesué í the `spica' above-mentioned M. takes to mean oil, etc. , 24 P 32, 156.8 . re fiabras coididiana contineoideach is coir sin da thuigsin ┐ re fiabras coididiana nach contineoideach do tuigeadar siad-san he this rightly applies to continuous quotidian fever, but those authors understood it of intermittent, 23 P 10, 163 vb 27 . is amhlaidh bhíos an tslat . . . geal go hiomlán, do chomhartha na firinne lé dtuigthear an ghile in sign of truth with which whiteness is associated (i.e. of which it is a symbol), Keat. iii 151 . creud thuigeas tú lé maitheadh na bpeacadh? what do you understand by forgiveness of sins?, Donlevy 44 .

dochum

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dochum or dil.ie/17406
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: chum, chun, chuin

prep. governing gen. and nasalizing to, towards . In origin proclitic form of tochim. See GOI § 858 . Condemned in IGT Introd. § 131 : dochuirfeadh `d.¤' focal a ccruth táoibhréime damadh cóir é `d.¤' would be followed by the genitive if it were correct (to use it). See also TSh. p. xiv . When used in verse counts as stressed word, : cochall, IGT Introd. § 131 (`lochdach'). : tofunn, ZCP vi 260 § 12 . : dochunn. SG 84.21 .

Earliest usage: a d.¤ to him, Ml. 46d2 . for ndochumsi to you, 53d9 . d.¤ ṅDée, Wb. 10a22 . Later with added prep., most commonly when governing a personal pronoun. With I: ina d.¤ , FB § 37 . innar n-d.¤ , IT i 310.12 . i nd.¤ nÁdaim, SR 2106 . With DO: dom d.¤ , ZCP vi 260 . dia d.¤ , IT i 126.8 . With pleonastic poss. a d.¤ nÉua, SR 1156 . a dóchum na Sabrainde, MacCongl. 25.13 .

In later lang. chum, chun, chuin, SG 28.39 . cuini, AI 388 (s.a. 1295.2) , Celtica x 136 n. 68 .

Mid. Ir. usually without nasalization. Cf. d.¤ dǽ, Ml. 111c3 . Note also: dochumm Shilvestair, PH 284 . d.¤ chumsanta, 1158 . dochumm thalman, 1198 .

I Expressing motion.

(a) to, towards (a destination, whether place or person): ni fil taidchur do d.¤ in choirp sin, Wb. 3a14 . is illánamnas dorograd d.¤ ṅDée, 10a22 . a thabarte d.¤ n-irisse, 11b22 . dochoid . . . d.¤ Pōil for longis, 31d19 . dobertis da boc leu d.¤ tempuil, Tur. 110c . tuidech[t] doib d.¤ a tire, Ml. 104c5 . dotet (viz. the endurance of suffering) d.¤ ind folaid tanaidi inna anmae, 22d9 . saichdetu d.¤ luic, Sg. 214b1 . ní dechuid dochom forcinn it has not gone to the end, 148b3 . is malle connucabsat d.¤ nIsu together they rose to, Hy. ii 66 . d.¤ feda conselai it went to the wood, v 62 . co tarla Brigit d.¤ na cille, Thes. ii 337.39 . arnā tēised nech d.¤ nEamna, TBC-I¹ 595 . dothiagad a nd.¤ , 632 . ass ná téig d.¤ n-Adaim, SR 1152 . rolingiuth . . . dochumm a beoil, IT i 139.17 . rucad d.¤ rīchid, FA 3 . slechtais d.¤ láir he bowed himself to the ground, Mon. Tall. § 7 . do thecht . . . dochumm n-iffirn, PH 3664 . ro-fresgabsat . . . d.¤ nime, 1933 . ro-shín popul na n-Iudaide al-lama dochumm nime, 6658 . roaitherraigh asin leabaidh sin d.¤ ionaidh ele, BS 22.z . dorad andara hurchar . . . d.¤ an chlérigh, 10.23 . rob áil damh dol d.¤ tigerna eile, 104.27 . dia cásc doshaighedh docum Sleibte, ZCP viii 106.y . abrad fris . . . co nā tardad gráin na hirfhuath leis ina d.¤ not to come to him in a form inspiring awe or horror, ACL iii 5.9 . táinic díghaltas ó Dhia d.¤ an ríg, SG 6.38 . nochtait a cridedha d.¤ Dia, 38.21 . co tarrla druim tar ais d.¤ in tsrotha he went head over heels into the stream, RC vi 177.109 . drong do ridirib do techt cum Maic Murcudha, xviii 277.6 . rogairm Hisu . . . docum (do- above line) Philait, YBL 141b33 . atchonnairc go ndechaigh in rí chum cotulta, LB 278az . dochuir Sé fúa[s]gladh chum a dhaoine (= redemptionem misit populo suo), Psalms cxi 9 . dorad cuiredh dōip chom a medhōin láoi an invitation to dinner, Fl. Earls 42.16 . With follg. rel.: tanic . . . dochumm ar-roibe d'iresechaib, PH 223 . risna dóeinib docum a ticit na teadma sin to whom these plagues come, RC xxiv 379.5 . an Chruinne (= Corunna) . . . chom ar thriallsat ó thūs, Fl. Earls 12.15 . an chríoch dheigheanach d.¤ a bfhoilmíd uile ag tairreang, Ó Héodhusa 47 . With vb. of motion understood: fo chosmailius cethrae d.¤ báis after the fashion of a beast (going) to its death, Ml. 69b3 . codla cimedha amail nobiadh d.¤ báis approaching his death, SG 47.2 . findnél na cailce d.¤ inna nél rising towards the clouds, RC xiii 456.20 . conacci a d.¤ in fer isin charput, Imr. Brain § 32 . con-accai . . . in n-aenmnái . . . ina d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 203 . mairg nosleanand co bas nach fedand iarsin docum nimhe, YBL 168a32 .

(b) In more abstract senses: fedir . . . a ndíriduigthe d.¤ nacha rainne aile the derivative tends to become another part of speech, Sg. 188a12 . co nach roich cin indile (sic leg.) chaich d.¤ a cheile that one may not be liable for damage done by the cattle of the other, Laws iv 68.z Comm. mic na mban taighe, cé no-gabtha a oen no dedhe dībh do cum na fine though one or two of them may have been received into the tribe, 294.5 Comm. is é in fégad sin rotcuir Petar d.¤ aithrigi, PH 3194 . dothogsat é d.¤ espocóiti, SG 52.39 . doléicetar a n-aithgne d.¤ a chéile they disclosed themselves to each other, SG 274 . táinig d.¤ críche came to pass, Ó Héodhusa 55.7 . a mhed do dáinib docuirebuir-se docum bais put to death, BCC § 179 . gor cuiredh B. . . . chom bāiss, Fl. Earls 60.3 .

Of poems, letters, greetings, etc.: Slán an Chaomhánaigh d.¤ an athar U. (title of poem), O'Gr. Cat. 665 . betha ┐ sláinti andso ó O nDomhnaill d.¤ a thigerna, 57 .

II Expressing purpose in order to, with a view to (often with follg. vn.): nad mbíad buiden día chinél dochum ndála . . . la hUltu, Trip.² 2656 . do ghabatar a nduana . . . dona laechradaib d.¤ a gcoiscthe, SG 341.2 . seindit . . . cruiti . . . cum aimsighti forro to tempt them, ZCP i 256 § 20 . comar .i. d.¤ treabtha, Triads p. 39 gl. 125 . becán do chraibech ferna do cur docum teinedh cuige to make a fire, BCC § 182 . ca méd maireas don fheinn d.¤ an morchatha, CF 583 . dobhattar ag ulmuccadh d.¤ an láoi sin, BNnÉ 57 § 64 . adermaid d.¤ an derbaid sin for the purpose of that proof, O'Gr. Cat. 247 . cona n-uile ionnstrumint dlesdanach d.¤ uird ┐ aifrenn, Rel. Celt. ii 160 . d.¤ chelcce roinnill an Seinesccal . . . an choinne, AFM v 1710 . fá dtagraim ní triall chum táir it is not with intent to revile, Content. xi 15 . (of the teeth) doníd sochur d.¤ na hurlabhra, 3 C 19, 112 vb 7 . sē laithe sonnradhacha chom deirce gacha bliadhna, Fl. Earls 100.3 . [ata] canosāsion chom a dhēnta go hobonn . . . air his canonization is to take place speedily, 98.2 . Note also: do siredar dias allmurach d.¤ gach fir acu for each of them, CF 165 .

Often in phr. completing sense of a noun or adj.: comullam d.¤ elōid, Celt. Rev. iv 206.5 . bim ullumh com uilc ┐ righin cum gach maithiusa, Lib. Flav. 21 vb 16 . leasc cum na ndeadh-oibrigthi, 9 . dobhádar umhal chum a dhíola willing to pay it, Maguires of F. § 53 . nír díngbála sinn d.¤ a chaithme worthy to eat it, SG 43.z . an tadbur docamhlach docum a iondarbtha the matter difficult to expel, 3 C 22, 190b14 . gan chead sbeisialta do bheith aige d.¤ a léaghtha without special permission to read it, Ó Héodhusa 135.12 . créad dobh' ádhbhar dhó chum na heasumhlachta what reason he had for revolting, Maguires of F. § 50 .

Folld. by vn. clause: gion gurab diongmála meisi d.¤ tusa do sásadh, BNnÉ 57 § 64 . dotochuil an carnn . . . d.¤ ainm tigearna do gairm de féin, MS. Mat. 542.21 . cuidiucchadh na ccroinicighe d.¤ leabhair Annaladh do scríobhadh, 543.z . bíd [na hingne] . . . d.¤ dhighi d'ól eistib, Maund. 238 . lá cinnte acu d.¤ báis d'imirt ort, SG 338.16 . ní . . . do chruthaghadh d.¤ a rádh go mbiadh . . ., Ó Héodhusa 50.13 . Folld. by clause with finite vb.: docum co ndernadh se fén manuch dhe so that he himself might make him a monk, BCC § 161 . cuirid d.¤ sets about: sul do chuir sé (i.e. Alexander) d.¤ an domuin do ghabail before he set himself to conquer, ZCP ii 16.19 . rogabsat . . . ag cur d.¤ an bhaile do ghabhail, AFM v 1846 .

After nouns and vbs. having the meaning inciting, inducing, compelling: an t-áos ealadhna do bhrosdadh d.¤ a ionnsamhla so do dhéunamh, RC iv 352 . do ghluais sinn d.¤ patrúin do dhéunamh dháoibh induced us to . . ., ib. do gríosadh mise d.¤ na staire seo do scríobhadh, Keat. i 76 . an greasacht thucais ar mo mac d.¤ ann allmuraigh, CF 634 . a gcur d.¤ cora do ghenamh re M. to compel them to make peace with M., O'Gr. Cat. 150.11 . si cogatur accipere evomit .i. da gcoimeignighthear é d.¤ a ghabhala sgeithidh, 23 K 42, 309.10 . appetitus nauseandi .i. saint d.¤ urlaichthe, 19 .

do-furgaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-furgaib or dil.ie/17714

Forms: turcabthae, turcbál

v (* to-ro-uss-gaib-, GOI p. 526 . Otherwise Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 530 . See do-fócaib).

I

(a) raises, lifts up (corresponding to lit. sense of Lat. tollere): do-m-urcbaid suas lift me up, LL 126a51 . turcbaid-sium a oenluirg n-ániusa, TBC-I¹ 913 (tocbaid, St.). difurgaib-side . . . a gaisced uas gaiscedaib in tshluaigh, Anecd. v 11 = IT i 100 § 8 . immalle doaurcbad doib a cossa ┐ fosruimet they lift their feet, TBC-I¹ 3312 . . . . mōrfer taurcbad illtonna fri n-iach n-amulach who raise up many billows against the beardless salmon-hero (?), 987 (rhet.). ma [a]dellad in duine dourgbad cnoc and it would raise a lump, Corm. Y 975 . intan dourgabtaís a láma fri tabairt béime, TTr.² 1705 . co turcba a bolga corcra fora agaigh, YBL 126a28 . tairnid indara ceand cia torcba aroile, Ériu v 238 . filleam gluine, turgbam lama let us lift our hands (in prayer), Lec. 593b7 . connā turgebtis a n-aigthe la Goedelu so that they should not lift their faces, RC viii 50 . turcbais (tocbais, St.) ┐ tasbenais do feraib hErend in cend, TBC-LL¹ 1422 . turgabair suas, LL 126a53 . ni digbaid a soillsi cia turcbaither . . . coinnle aile friu, Anecd. v 1.18 = cia turrgaibther, Alex. 814 . ri tarcbad fiad chuirib clann (: tardad) who was lifted up (on the Cross), SR 7751 .

With pers. form of FOR takes on oneself (fig.): is romōr turcbais-[s]eo fort, Anecd. i 9.18 .

(b) raises, sets up, erects (a stone, building, etc.); later often of building, constructing in general: dond ail turcaib for in tráig, LL 1398 . ar Coimdiu . . . turcbaid cech gne, cech cumtach, SR 7694 . rí . . . doforgaib osna múraib erordaib, 531 . is leis rothurcbad o lár | in cumtach, 7029 . āit a ndēndais a cētgaisced turcbaitis a corthi, Ériu viii 156 . bidh tāilgionn rostoirgeba who shall found it (of monastery of Áth Ferna), BNnÉ 193 .

(c) uplifts, elevates, exalts: turgbad lubru la triunu, Tec. Corm. § 6.27 . turcbad firinni; dofuirceba, ZCP xi 91 § 7 . ní rath tíri teclumus; ní treóin ó tír turgebhus, LL 386a43 = ní treoin ó thír thuirgebdaidh, Leb. Cert. 200 , ni ra treoin o tir tairgebas, BB 128b15 . menma tuinne torcabair the spirit of the wave is uplifted, Otia ii 81 .

(d) raises (a cry, the voice, etc.), utters, enounces: dufurcbat gl. (verba) promebat, Ml. 72b7 . dururgab gl. depromsit verba, 72c16 . amal ata turcabthi inná epertasin gl. prolata, 32b1 . dofurcabar tríit fessin gl. per se prolatum, Sg. 43a3 . ní turgabar ade . . . cen guttai gl. proferri non potest, 4b14 . dorurgabtha gl. sunt prolata, 61a15 . nach tan dofurgaib int augtur bréthir fora gin sechtair, Hib. Min. 410 . intan . . . noturcbad son a gotha, Ériu iv 30 . turcbaid a hainm declare its name, BB 408b26 . na guthacha is iatside dourgbad treothu fein (= per se proferuntur), Auraic. 366 = is iatside dourgabat fein, Lec. 308b39 .

(e) rears, brings up: nin-aile, nin turcaba (of a bad parent), LL 346a33 = ni turcaba, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 21 . Elisabeth, Sacairarsci . . . issiat sin turgaib Eóin, Ériu iv 178 . hitē turcaibset inn ingin, Rawl. 133b8 .

(f) raises up, produces, causes: an dufurgaib in chomfrithorcun ón gl. collisio . . . signa proferens, Ml. 138b1 . annarbu thurgabthae when (impiety) was not produced (refers to profertur), 86d14 . ri roordaig ocht ngaetha, torgaib . . . cethri primgaetha, . . . cethri fogaetha, SR 46 . rí rosáer Loth . . . dia targbad in plág badbda (: tardad , 7307 ). Cf. 2915 . ? rí dosrergai b. . . fri serggad, fri inforbart (of plants), 7293 . rotuisim Dia . . . inn uili n-anmand rothurcbadar na husci (= omnem animam quam produxerunt aquae, Gen. i 21 ), Lec. 528b1 .

(g) raises, begins, undertakes, engages in: turcbait a fedma uile | do ríg Berba, Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . ni torgaib nach d[a]iscor na mār no pauper undertakes anything great, Laws ii 254 . mided cāch a cōir ara torgaba a māma that he may undertake (proportionate) duties (?), ib.

II Intrans.

(a) rises: dururgaib gl. emersit, Ml. 63a15 . durugabsam gl. emerserimus, Acr. 8c1 ( Thes. ii 4 ). intan donórcaib grian, TBC-I¹ 3443 . bali i turgaib grían, LL 223b17 . ond airiur as torgaib grian, SR 8105 . turcgeba sruth sroibtened | a huillib talman, 8089 , cf. 8105 . tricha torc na torgabhaid that cannot stand up (?), Leb. Cert. 62 . amal turcbas tene focetoir ┐ báidid co prap doridise, PH 2407 . dias dourgcbad osin tshluag, Rawl. 88b52 .

(b) In allied senses arises, appears, comes forth: i n-óen fhecht . . . turbcat don choemchrund duille ┐ bláth ┐ mess, Metr. Dinds. iii 288 . ní thurcaibh crand tria ūir cēt míle fria taebhaibh, Marco P. 11 . na hilgalra turcbait in cach tuaith, ACL iii 315 § 37 . co breithe na cennathae i turgaib in cest, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17 439 ).

Part. turcabthae. Vn. turcbál.

1 dúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dúas or dil.ie/18981

Forms: dúais, duas, duais, dúasu, dúaise

n ā, f. Later dúais. duas, IGT Decl. § 39 . duais, § 14 . a p. dúasu (: úasu), Metr. Dinds. iii 302.62 . gift, reward, esp. a recompense given to poets: doas ind immuin, Trip.² 2899 . rucus indīlsi ṅduais that the reward does not belong to the poet, ZCP xv 309 . duas teachta do file, Laws v 212 ( .i. in duais dligthech doberar don filid, Comm. ). dúas mo duane, LL 45b22 . dentar lim-sa d.¤ . . . do chnuass na cnō cumraide a reward from (for?) the harvest of fragrant nuts, 38a40 ( Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 79 ). dorónus dōibh dua[i]n . . . ni tardad dúas dar a hēisi, ACL iii 296 § 45 . tabhair [ar] mo dhán . . . | díolgadh m'uilc gidh daor an d.¤ , A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 3 . Colum Cille nar críon duais, BNnÉ 253 . dofucus in mboin-sea i nduais n-airchedail, IT ii2 244 . i nduais filed, Laws v 128 . eochair duaisi duana songs bring forth gifts, ZCP vi 270 . do chuingid duaisi duaine, Acall. 5488 . iar femed na duaisi, RC xii 119 . duasa cinnte ar son a nduan ┐ a ndréacht, Keat. iii 1498 . cia dobheir uaidh duasa ar dhántaibh?, Keat. Poems 518 . rí is mō do dāil do duasaib ┐ derlaicib d'filedaib, BB 333a26 (late entry). ar duasaibh duanmholta, AFM vi 1906 . In wider sense, of a gift in general: doss .i. fili quasi duass .i. tinscra, Corm. Y 459 ; O'Mulc. 323 . Deissi .i. duaisi ar is a tinnscra mhná tucad doib ferann, Cóir Anm. 169 . cf. BB 251b39 (= dúis?). duais do chionn chomaoine a gift in return for kindness, KMMisc. 346 . is curata an seasamh le ar bheanadar duais ar bith the stand whereby they wrung any boon at all, Ó Bruad. iii 166 . Fionn fial na nd.¤ , Oss. iv 54 . ben dian fri duasu eager for gifts, Metr. Dinds. iii 302 .

Compds. ¤bog yielding (liberal) in gifts: Guaire duasbhog, Keat. Poems 829 ; 1353 . ¤línmar: Nualuidh dhuaislíonmhar abounding in gifts, 3 C 12, 257.12 . ¤mór: degfher duasmhór dána `accustomed to rich guerdons', SG 337 . saoi dearlaictheach duasmhór deigh-einigh munificent , AFM v 1724 ; vi 1996 . ¤ordairc (airderc): tar éis Cormaic, an daonnachtach d., 3 C 13, 832.5 . ¤úr: an triathfear d. whose bounty never withers, Ó Bruad. xiii 19 n.

See dúis, with which this word is somet. confused (esp. in pl. dúaise).

2 ecnaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ecnaigid or dil.ie/19620

v (possibly é-; cf. 2 ecna(e)) reveals: tardad dicealtar tairsib co ros-ecnadh [leg. -ecnaig?] Dia do thuridhin Chorca tri, ZCP viii 103.7 (= corus ḟoillsid, Ériu ii 186.25 ). Cf. écnad?.

2 éis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 éis or dil.ie/19846
Last Revised: 2013

n i, ī g s. perhaps in Traig Ési, Ériu i 118.35 . g p. perh. in: ainm don eclais-sin Aposania (no Appodonia) .i. costa, fo bith na folliucht (no na n-essi) batar inti, PH 6336 (here costa is an adj. from cos, and the reference is to the traces of the Archangel's feet, cf. 6330 - 1 ). Trace, track: es .i. integ...┐ slicht, O'Mulc. 437 . eiss...integ ┐ slicht, 442 . éis .i. lorg; do fhagbhadh éis a chos isin gcloich .i. lorg a chos, O'Cl. ACL iii 10.11 (= vestigia Trip. 19.3 ). forruim a choiss forsind leicc | maraith a és (a es, dia æs MSS.), Thes. ii 310 = Trip. 404.17 . nicon fess eng na eis dib track or trace of them IT i 143.27 . ata slicht a da chos and beos, is de ata Traig Ési la hUltu `the Strand of the Track' Ériu i 118.35 .

Most freq. in adverbial and prepositional phrases with ar, di, do, tar (dar):

ar é.¤

(1) after, in succession to; remaining after, waiting behind: (a) in bliadain ar eis na ronda sin the year after that division MacCarthy 304.3 ( BB 13a7 ). in bliadain ar eis rige do gabail do, 306.18 . bliadain ar es cesda Crist, 304 . 25 . ni himda aici fer a himcair...ara eis not many has [learning] to support her after him (i.e. after his death) AU 1345 . do anusdair E. ar eis Fergusa E. remained after F. had left ZCP viii 551.2 = dia éis, TBC-LL¹ 1845 . ro fhagaibh sé Sir H. ara eis, ZCP vi 42.16 . cia uand bias ar eis a chéli? (or D.) which of us will survive the other? YBL 126b7 . (b) bia-so ar m'eissi-sea .uii. mbliadain, or C., YBL 126b8 .

(2) for, instead of: (b) as-ren a fine aithgin ar a eisi, Laws iii 158.11 Comm.

co hé.¤ till the end of, till after (probably modelled on ar éis etc.): (a) gan longadh...go héis a saltrach till he had finished his psalter BNnÉ 279.32 .

di ¤ , do é.¤ As the two preps. fall together in unstressed position from an early period, it is usually difficult to decide which is intended. In similar contexts we find: dom héis-se, Wb. 29d9 and: dim(m)ǽs, Ml. 23d6 , 9 (see below).

(1) above, in the preceding context (see Celtica xviii 85-86 ): (a) di ess (gl. retro) Ml. 2c1 . di éis (gl. retro) BCr. 31b5 . in secunda coniugatione diar n-eis, Sg. 195a2 .

(2) after, later in time than, following, succeeding to; resulting from: (a) cen nech dimm æs dim chlaind frim foraithmet, Ml. 23d9 , cf. 23d6 . conid he as ardepscop L. o sein ille ┐ a chomarbba dia eis, Thes. ii 308.5 . RC xxiv 174.17 . ACL iii 5.12 . ni bí cland dia n-ǽs (gl. nullam successionem filiorum relinquentes) Ml. 57d6 . slucit ...cach anmain d'eis a céle one after another IT i 183.14 . a bhfuair mé | d'easláinte d'éis a chéile, Dán Dé xiii 3 = YBL 371a5 . ni raibh sinn...gan airdrígh d'éis a chéile without one high-king succeeding another TD 28.18 . tig tairsib d'éis aroile mentions them in turn 3.30 . regnauit ...di eis a athar reigned in succession to his father RC xvi 416.4 . in bliadain da es the following year BB 12a19 = MacCarthy 296.11 . d'éis chatha Chnúcha, ML 2.3 . d'éis tionnabhraidh, TD 24.22 . an choróin do-gheibh d'éis an bháis, TSh. 2785 . d'eis Meic Dé do chur docum báis, Maund. 10 . RC xxviii 310.10 . dá éis sin after that, afterwards TD 13.47 . TSh. 9448 . (b) ticfait dar timma... ┐ nis bia a ngrad oc Dia dia esi after that, thenceforth MacCarthy 50.22 . do imthigh sí úaidh da eisi sin thereupon Maund. 131 . Ériu ii 182.25 . After (the death, times of) a person: (a) dia n-éiss a cuirp chráibdig | i mmemraib óir, Fél. Prol. 79 . marait dia n-éis a scela, RC xxiii 304 § 2 . do thaoibh a chlú dá éis san tsaoghal, TSh. 4140 . go ndearnadh luaithreadh dhí...go nach fríoth a tuarasgbháil dá héis, 64 . (b) bid Mag da Gési co bráth | dia n-esi after them IT i 161.1 . dorat dia chloind dia éssi, MacCarthy 64.29 . PH 4246 . for ar clannaib diar n-éisi, 3285 .

(3) Of remaining after, left, waiting behind, surviving: (a) in tain ro n-anis-siu dom héis-se, Wb. 29d9 . dessid E. dia éis remained behind after him TBC-LL¹ 1845 . ni fedar cid ros fasto dom es, Aen. 621 . fosrácbus im thaig dim éis ZCP iv 44.7 . olc na druinge do bhí beó dá n-éis who survived them TSh. 5533 (= tar a n-éis, 5526 ).

(4) After the departure of, in the absence of: (a) assolgi A. iarum a bosān dia ēis A. opened his (Fraech's) purse when he had gone ZCP iv 39.25 (= RC xxiv 148.15 ). Thes. ii 340.27 . cach fidbad dara tictís...ba crích machairi da n-éis they left it a level country MU 14.29 = LL 264a1 . ni rabhat d'eis neirt may they never be without power Anecd. ii 33.12 . Duan. F. i 21.1 . Cend Febrat...atchíu... | d'éis na rígḟían, Metr. Dinds. iii 226.4 . corrach mh'intinn | d'éis na buidhne after (i.e. lacking) that company TD 25.34 . Cf. biaid Temair d'eis a fir, LL 149b37 , and: aighthe an tslúaigh mar gríos na gréine | an uair bhíos Eire da éis (v.l. héis) when (the sun) has left Ireland behind, i.e. is setting KMMisc. 172 § 22 . (b) dochuaid C... | do char T.... Aed dia éise T. gave her love to A. in his (C.'s) absence Metr. Dinds. iv. 110.28 . Hence instead of: (a) corragaibsi in cucnecht da hes took the churning in her stead Thes. ii 332.34 . Cf. (b) luid dia ésse | a ben... | do chomét búar, Metr. Dinds. iv 196.13 .

(5) in forming a participial phr.: (a) ealta...d'éis a n-ionnalta a hór flocks...bathed in gold TD 40.7 .

(6) occasionally after in the sense of notwithstanding, in spite of: (a) tiaghaid... | ...ar fhód mhearaighthe | d'éis a ndeimhnighthe dhoibh sain | sein-shlighthe Póil is Peadair, Dán Dé vi 4 = YBL 365b . d'éis ar chaitheadar riamh ruinn...cor lem anacal níor ál despite all they had lavished on me TD 3.17 .

tar (dar) é.¤

(1) behind: (a) fég...dar th'eis look behind thee IT i 222.29 . eirg a n-inad nderrit ┐ dún tar th'éis shut (the door) behind thee PH 7998 . ro hiadadh comhla an taiste tar a n-éis was shut behind them Hugh Roe² 5.4 (f. 2b) . geibis M. scíath díten dar éis fer nhErend covered their retreat TBC-LL¹ 6073 . CRR 52 . mar dubhart annso tar m'éis as I have said above Content. vi 57 . (b) Dia dam frim lorg (.i. dar m' ési), Thes. ii 350.30 . tú tar a n-éssi ocá n-imdegail, FB 10 . ní bendais na hurchuir re muintir C. acht is tar a n-eisi do tuitidis, CCath. 1870 .

(2) after, later in time than, succeeding to; resulting from: (a) bid hé N. bus rí tar eis a athar, RC xxiv 192 y ; 182.20 . aidchi ndomnaig ┐ dia domnaich tara heis on Saturday night and the Sunday following it Mon. Tall. § 45 . Tir Cannain...nis-tā dar éis a n-ecnaig, SR 4734 . naoi mbliadhna tar éis catha Sulcoide, Cog. 90.15 . tar éis gcodail (v.l. cho., co.), TD 11.6 . tar éis an bhaistidhe after baptism TSh. 3341 . tar éis áir...do tabairt ar M., RC xviii 164.9 . TD 8.31 . TSh. 2552 . tar eis mar = postquam: tar éis mar do iarr M. air after M. had asked him TSh. 1931 . (b) cách dar hési álaili, Wb. 13 a9 . ind aidchi dara heisi the following night Mon. Tall. § 9 . acht an rut bia tar éissi du airm ┐ do saigtige those that thou shalt have by virtue of thy weapons Trip. 152.4 . Hence according to (?): (b) dar eisi a cuinn do cech mnai follows her legal guardian, acts according to her reason? (cf. cond, Laws) Ériu ix 47.4 . After (the death, times of) a person: (a) ní maith lim ind áil (leg. ail) sin d'ácbail i nUltaib dar m'éis to leave that reproach behind me TBC-LL¹ 1761 (tar mh'és, St). (b) lécfet desmbirecht...calmachta dona moeth-oclachaib dar m'esi, PH 6560 . co fharcbatís dar a n-ési comartha suthain, 3236 .

(3) remaining after, surviving: (a) slán don fheadhain-sin tar mh'éis to that band (I leave) behind me Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 9.1 . m'fagbháil tar éis mo chompán that I should be left behind TD ii 248.32 . (b) bai ade and tar ési mBenigni tri fichtea bliadne, Thes. ii 238.17 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). noco bia na cein . . | sunn i pein dar m'ésse-se after I am gone SR 2044 .

(4) after the departure of, in the absence of: (a) cach sruth ┐ cach áth...dara tictís ba lecca lomma dar a n-éis they left them as dry stones MU 14.31 = LL 264a5 . robrisidh an baile tar eis na nGall after the foreigners (had quitted it) RC xviii 287x . co mbertais...corp Tit leo dar eis Ipomone when Hippomedon had gone TTebe 3468 . (b) dar a n-éssi ba cáep chró | in Lug ros gáet ac Ráith Chró L. was left all imbrued in gore after them Metr. Dinds. iv 216.15 . do chóidh...fó thuairim na nEtailleach tánaic dia thír dara ese who had come...in his absence AFM v 1750 w .

(5) for, instead of: (a) pars pro tota ....i. in rand dar eis na toiti, Auraic. 664 . co tici do chutrommæ do fácbáil dar th'éis, IT i 127.26 . Cf. techtugad indligtech do brith isin ferand .i. ba tar eis eochu cows instead of horses Laws iv 32. 10 Comm. , where the acc. may be due to confusion of the simple prep. tar with the phr. tar éis. (b) nipo accobor lassin feir suide et a cheile do thuidect dar a hési, Wb. 13a20 . olcc tar ési n-uilcc (gl. malum pro malo) Wb. 5d28 . du éric uilc tar ǽsi alaili, Ml. 127a1 . tar ǽsi (gl. pro) Ml. 47a3 . 60c1 . 88a1 , etc. ( tar æsi, 49d1 . 61d4 , etc.). tar essi, 109d8 . a thuidecht i cride tar ési Dǽ in place of God Wb. 22b5 . ma dudéll ní taibred ní tar a éssi do bochtaib, 22b7 . duberar tar ǽsi locht which is inflicted for faults Ml. 105d6 . a `speciosus' asrubartsom is dar esi indi as `gloriosus' `the word "speciosus" is for "gloriosus" ' Ml. 64d8 . ...indí as infimatis romboí apud veteres tar ési indí as infimas file hodie, Sg. 200b3 . dearb laiss is e A. nobertha i n-nem dar a éssi in his place MacCarthy 48.31 . ni fuil aisiuc na set...co tuctur seoit tar a n-esi in their stead Laws ii 304.7 Comm. da grad tar eise in aengraid bes airdiu two ranks in place of (i.e. equivalent to) one higher rank iii 142.1 . do-rónus doibh dua[i]n ...ni tardad dúas dara heisi in return for it ACL iii 296.45 . mad ech [rogata nech] da ech dara esi, Ériu vii 154.17 (cf. mad rogata nech cairich ceotheora cairich tar n-essi 154.16 . manibe ní aschomra [sic leg.] ind fognam dar essi, 154.20 .). occ eráil ghiall ┐ aittire oile dar a éisi in his stead Hugh Roe² 5.17 (f. 3a) . ní rochosna nech aile | ní dot anim tar t' ési no other can strive for aught for thy soul in thy stead Ériu i 201.9 .

fo-loing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-loing or dil.ie/23150
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fulget, fulngat, foloing, -fulaing, fochoimlich, -fochomlaing, follongam, -fulgam, -fulngidsi, folongat, -fulngat, fulungáinse, fulós, follós, fullós, foluis, follo, fundló, folo, -ful, foil, -fulsam, -fochomolsam, -fochomalsid, follosat, fodacomilset, folostais, folilus, -fóelus, folilais, -foelais, -fáelais, foelais, -fáel, faol, -faelsaid, folilsat, -foelsat, fulilsain, folilsad, -foelsad, -fáelsad, -foí[l]sitis, -fhoilsatis, -faílsaitís, focoemallag, focoimlachtar, -fulustar, fulilastar, -foelustar, folilastae, -fulachta, -fulgiut, -ḟuilgitis, -fulgadar, ros-fulgetar, fos-foilṅged, barḟaelsaind, fothroelagair, ḟaerlaṅgair, forlangair, foroerlangair, forerlangair, foramroerlongair, forfoelnangair, forfulngarair, foraelangair, faelangair, fóelangatar, ḟoelangtar, foraelangtar, fhaelastar, faelsatar, fhaelsat, -faerlannair, fulang-, fuilng-, fulaing, fuiling, fuilngebaid, ḟuiléangam, fuilengmais, fuiléangadh, rofulaing, roḟulangair, -ḟulngamair, fulngadh

v (see Bergin, Ériu xii 221 ). In O.-Ir. the -n- is confined to the present stem, and the perf. particle is com. The -n- is also occasionally dropped in syncope, see exx. below, and Thurn., GOI § 180 .

Early forms : ipv. 2 pl. fulget (= fulngid) Wb. 20c5 (a primâ manu). 3 pl. fulngat, Ml. 60d4 . ind. pres. 3 s. foloing Wb. 29d17 . -fulaing, Ml. 77d3 ; 6 . perf. fochoimlich (rel.), Bürgschaft I § 72 . -fochomlaing, Laws iv 314y . 1 pl. follongam, Wb. 14b15 . -fulgam, Ml. 77d6 ; 7 . 2 pl. -fulngidsi, Wb. 8c3 . 3 pl. folongat, Ml. 35a3 . -fulngat, 122a8 . impf. 1 s. fulungáinse, Études Celt. xl 73 ( Ml. 86c13 ​). subj. pres. 1 s. fulós, Ml. 33a2 . follós, 62b12 . fullós, 58c12 . 2 sg. foluis, Ériu i 199 n. 12 . 3 s. follo, Ml. 32d18 . amal fundló , 32d2 . folo TBC-I¹ 3136 . -ful, Ml. 32d5 . ( remi foil , 23a8 ). 1 pl. -fulsam Wb. 14c2a . perf. -fochomolsam, 14b15 . 2 pl. perf. -fochomalsid, 11b2 . 3 pl. follosat, Ml. 69a7 (cf. fodacomilset, Laws iii 18.20 ?). past subj. 3 pl. folostais, Ml. 104c5 . fut. 1 s. folilus sa, Wb. 23b25 . -fóelus [s]a, LU 7133 ( BDD 81 ). 2 sg. folilais ; -foelais, YBL 10a42 . -fáelais, LU 5723 = foelais TBC-I¹ 1250 . 3 s. -fáel (as subj.), Anecd. i 75.7 (cf. faol ... .i. fulang, O'Cl.). 2 pl. -faelsaid, LU 5911 . 3 pl. folilsat, Wb. 25d15 . Ml. 80a13 . -foelsat, SR 8163 . 8291 . sec. fut. 1 s. fulilsain se, Ml. 73d1 . 3 s. folilsad, SR 5776 . LU 5828 ( BDD 38 ). -foelsad, LU 7827 ( BDD 138 ). -fáelsad, LU 1888 . 3 pl. -foí[l]sitis, Wb. 15a20 . -fhoilsatis, Ériu ii 140 § 152 . -faílsaitís, TTr.² 1470 . perf. 1 s. focoemallag sa, Acr. 3a1 ( Thes. ii 1 ). 3 pl. focoimlachtar, Ml. 47c6 . Pass. pres. subj. s. -fulustar, O'Dav. 153 . BCrólige § 8 . fut. s. fulilastar, Ml. 109b7 . -foelustar, MacCongl. 95.15 . sec. fut. s. folilastae, LU 1515 ( MU² 1013 ). pret. pl. -fulachta, Laws iv 14y ( Ériu xii 199 ). Vn. fulach, fulang, q.v. The -n- of pres. stem is occasionally omitted in prototonic forms (cf. Wb. 20c5 , Ml. 77d6 , cited above) : -fulgiut, ZCP viii 104.6 . -ḟuilgitis 217 § 9 ( Rawl. 158.17 ). Cf. -fulgadar, Laws v 372.3 . ros-fulgetar, LL 64b41 ( TBC-LL¹ 1097 ). With fo repeated : fos-foilṅged, LL 67b49 ( TBC-LL¹ 1368 ). Cf. barḟaelsaind, LL 146b41 .

Various spurious formations occur :

(1) perf. 3 s. (?) fothroelagair, LL 163b44 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 38 , see note ib. 383 ). ni ḟaerlaṅgair , LL 87a15 ( TBC-LL¹ 3832 ). ni forlangair (?) Aen. 2144 . foroerlangair, LB 173a23 ( PH 1654 ). forerlangair, Lism. L. 4215 . foramroerlongair, Ériu iv 128.22 (fomrelaing v.l.). na forfoelnangair , Mon. Tall. § 73 = forfulngarair, Anecd. i 75.17 ( ni foraelangair , Leb. Gab.(i) i 82.20 ; na ro faelangair , 26z , are artificial). 3 pl. ni fóelangatar , TTr.² 1696 . na ḟoelangtar , 1710 . ni foraelangtar , Hugh Roe 64.24 (f. 17b) (artificial).

(2) from fut. protot. stem : 3 s. nir fhaelastar , TTebe 783 . 3 pl. nir faelsatar ib. 215 . ni ro fhaelsat , Marco P. 115 . Pass. pres. s. (?) -faerlannair, Dinds. 78 (Lec.).

In later Mid.Ir. treated as a simple vb., stem fulang- or fuilng- (foilng-); ipv. 2 s. fulaing, PBocht 3 § 35 . fuiling, 11 § 37 fut. 3 s. fuilngebaid, LB 71a21 ( PH 6116 ). 1 pl. ní ḟuiléangam TD 18.1 (cf. IGT III § 52 ). sec. fut. a fuilengmais , CCath. 5142 . 3 s. dho fuiléangadh , 23 L 17, 124b ( DDána 96 § 13 ). 3 s. perf. rofulaing (dep. ní roḟulangair , LL 299b4 ). pl. 1 -ḟulngamair, IGT III ex. 440 . pass. do fulngadh , ex. 441 .

In Glosses in general sense bears, supports ; gl. ferre Ml. pass. ; perferre 47c6 . 69a7 . Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482 ) ; portare Wb. 20c5 ; supportare Ml. 73d1 ; sustinere 33a2 ; fulcire 109b7 .

(a) bears, sustains, supports (lit. and fig.) ; of bearing burdens Wb. 20c5 . Ml. 33a2 . secht cind cia nos faílsaindse though I had seven heads LL 44a2 . toethsat ruibni rétlannai ... nis foelsat a tētbannai, SR 8161 . nís fáelsad féin nach in curach (the sea) would bear neither them nor the curragh LU 1888 ( ICM xxiii ). co follo fonna fodlongat that he may support the foundations which support him ZCP xi 83 § 27 . Cf. it eat na sualche sin ... fhuiglit amal columna na rigu ( Proverbs xx 28 ) PH 4125 . Transf. supports, maintains: is é [Dia] dorosat na huile ... ┐ fodoloing, ZCP iv 242.4 . issed lotur ... co nAilill ┐ co Meidb, ar ro fetatar issí lanamain roḟailsad the pair who would support (maintain) [them] IT i 77.2 ( LL 261a13 ). forcraid a cethri ... nad-fochomlaing a thír `the excess of his cattle which his lands cannot sustain' Laws iv 314y ( Críth G. 251 ).

Freq. of maintaining one in sickness : ata triar ... is la fine a n-cthrus ; ni tuille fiachu na otrus ceni fulustar nach ae, BCrólige 8 . cac[h] fuil tra folongar i n-othrad `every wound [the victim of] which is supported on sick-maintenance' 10 . tabraiter a seóit ... chucaib cora ḟuilṅge sein sib that they may support you LL 241a6 ( TTr. 1796 ). na budh machtnadh ... cenidh fáel indt usce ┐ int aran ... índ óes penni through bread and water does not suffice to sustain Anecd. i 75.7 . Cf. ¤forfulngarair ib. 17 (= ¤forfoelnangair, Mon. Tall. § 73 ). boí bancara oc Find ... is i foluingedh Find do bíudh ┐ étgud supported F. with (i.e. provided) Dinds. 49 .

Upholds, observes: dá bhfuilngeam nós bhus nós glan, Dán Dé xxvi 14 .

(b) sustains, endures, holds out against (an evil, enemy, etc.) : ni tabir Dia fornni ... fochith nád fochomolsam that we cannot bear Wb. 14b15 . ni fulgam ni trummai inna fochodo, Ml. 77d6 . ni foigebthar ... nech folo Ultu anyone to withstand the Ulstermen TBC-I¹ 3136 . ni frith dib oenfer ... folilsad ar aí ṅgaiscid who could face (Goliath) SR 5776 . ni fhaelais ind caur you will not hold out against RC xiii 8.11 . no ḟailsaitís cech docair chatha, TTr.² 1626 . ni ro fhuiling G. an t-uisge ara oighritacht, BNnÉ 109 § 41 . gus nad ḟulaṅgar, TBC-LL¹ 5300 . forneart nach fulaingter, MR 202.8 . do fhocair F. ... cur chuca go digair dasachtach ┐ nir fuilngetar na sersenaig sin, acht romebad dib, Ann. Conn. 1237 § 2 . ná cuindig do chís for duine nad foel (i.e., who cannot pay it) KMMisc. 262 § 13 .

Extensions of meaning : ní fuar sa cosse ingin follongad i n-airius dala imacallaim ... frim who could hold her own against me in converse (i.e. in an encounter of wits) LU 10317 (= ZCP iii 237 ). co tardad dó gaisced Conchobair ... falloingside ... eseom withstood (i.e. was strong enough for him LU 5048 (cf. the intrans. use : ro ḟulngestar [in carpat] dó, TBC-LL¹ 1128 ). d'ass ... foloing in (v.l. a) slucud chocnum `milk the swallowing of which needs chewing' (= which can be chewed) MacCongl. 101.10 . dā tērnad Eogan ... barḟaelsaind éc mo ṡé macc I could bear the death of my (other) six sons LL 146b41 ( PRIA 1893, 544 ). an tan na ro ḟulaing [sic MSS] Fursa séselbhe na morshluagh ..., RC xxv 396 § 14 (= tumultus non facile ferret, Bede).

Absol. : nicon foelais amal atai a n-ingnais do thlachta, MacCarthy 54.16 ( LB 111a25 ). 'na egmais ni fhuilngimsi I endure not (to be) without him Ériu xi 201.19 . fuilngidh ar feadh geamhoidhche | gan cheann fa theach do thabhairt, DDána 96 § 14 . cuich folilsad gan omhun fair ... dia tencad renna nime ... ic toitim ? who could behold without fear ? CCath. 1116 (cf. c).

(c) in neg. (esp. condit.) sentences followed by vn. clause = cannot (could not) sustain, endure to: ni foí[l]sitis déicsin a gnúsa (gl. ut non possent intendere in faciem Moysi) Wb. 15a20 . ni foelsad nech dib cen gári none of them could refrain from laughing LU 7827 ( BDD 138 ). ni mo rofaelusa tuitim na Rómha do tencaisin no more shall I endure to see CCath. 1117 . ni faeltais [fedfadis v.l.] a n-eich a n-imochur, TTebe 1756 . ni ro fhaolustar a tomailt ara sheirbhi, BNnÉ 294.1 . tiaghaid ... a gconair ná ro fhuilngsit riam roime dul ann by which they had never before been able to go 184 . ní ro-fhaelsat fos forsna heilifaintib could not stop (?) the elephants Marco P. 115 (see 1 FOSS). ni rofhuilngsetar na suili peccthacha sella[d] frisna liga noiba, Ériu ii 122 § 61 . ni foraelangtar ... friotairisiomh friu, Hugh Roe 64.24 (f. 17b) . With ellipse of vn.: aen ochtar ... as nar fhaelsat braon dia cru from whom they could not draw a drop of blood Marco P. 148 . Cf. nir ael fulang do gan a digail air (v.l. nir fet a fhulang), TTebe 2892 .

(d) endures, remains: fogellsat S. : birtside doib deisi fri focul, ar foloing focul co arubaruch, H 3.18, 367a ( O'Curry 785 ). Cf. DDána 96 , cited above under (b).

(e) undergoes, suffers: in tíí fuilnges martra, PH 1608 . is e foroerlangair in noe-combádad fó thri, 1654 . folilais... piana ifirnn mina ḟáelais mo reir-si, RC x 86.8 ( YBL 10a42 ). nír fulaing aenridire arsaidh dochar isin cath no veteran knight has suffered hardship Fier. 10 . ro fhulaing pais iarumannsa crann césta, Études Celt. i 83.30 . d'éis na n-ainbhreath do ḟuluing, TD 24.31 . as í an éigean ḟuileongmaoid, Ériu i 93.3 . gurab luaithe ... do ḟuileongmaois bas, Luc. Fid. 85.5 .

(f) in Laws (text) is liable to, is responsible for (a duty, payment, etc.) ; mad he folo a cinaid [sic leg., see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 114 n. 5 ] if he be answerable for her offence Laws iv 62.10 . is ē bēs foloing aencinnid in sein, Laws ii 256.25 (see ZCP xiv 360 ). is ē bēs foloing fer midbad in sein. ni tēchta fair nī bes mō `it is the food-rent which the f.¤m. submits to. It is not lawful that more should be imposed upon him' Laws ii 258.15 ( ZCP xiv 360 ). is e bes aenciniuda in so, foloing asa miad this is the rent of a single scion which he is liable for (can render) in accordance with his rank ZCP xiv 347 . cia méd do cethraib folongat cinaid duine .i. boin nama, H 3.18, 376a ( O'Curry 815 ). Cf. ni fulaing nech deolaid deolaid dialailiu .i. nochon imuilngend neach ni i ndeoladchaire i n-aiscidh da cheile, SM Facs. 10by ( Laws iv 164.12 : `no one entitled to a gratuity is liable to a gratuity to another'). But Dr. Binchy takes the second deolaid as dittography and would render no one is obliged to support gratuity for another, comparing : ni fulaing nech na deolaith diaraili[u], Caratnia 12 .

(g) in foregoing senses used also in impers. construction with DO of pers. : ní ro ḟulaṅgair do Leith Cuind, co roemid forru Conn's Half did not hold their ground RC xiii 50. 6 ( LL 299b4 ). ní foraelangair do trenferaibh na cathrach airisiomh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 82.20 . ni forlangair dō gan a digail he needs must avenge him Aen. 2144 . dobert C. cis nach faerlannair forro a rent which could not be endured Dinds. 78 . With pass.: nír fuilngedh dó gu ndeachaid (= he was impelled to go) Ériu iv 224 § 46 . nir barulngither da ngillaib óca ... nacor-memaid rosc-béim ... díb triasin cath their young pages could not hold themselves back from making a dash (?) CRR 34 .

(h) brooks, suffers, (with vn.) allows: dūn fir foluing aīr (.i. dia lēigi aīr co hindligthech) `of a man who tolerates satire' Laws v 168.12 (170.3) . ní ḟuilngeadh bochta .. ina freacnairc, Aisl. Tond. 93 § 1 . muna fhuilnge ar meas do Mhuire unless He lets us be judged by M. Dán Dé x 3 . fuilngidh cliar fa ól ar h'uillinn suffer poets to feast beside thee TD 29.15 . gan chrích Néill fút ná fulaing suffer not the land of N. to be unsubmissive to thee 6.16 . ní ḟuileonguidh an Tighearna anam a nionruic do dhul do ghorta, Proverbs x 3 . an bhfuileongtha tusa dhamh sin do chruthughadh ? Ni ḟuileongfad would you allow me to demonstrate ? I will not Luc. Fid. 275 . gidhedh trath aidmheoghair ... fuileongfad but when you acknowledge ... [then] I will allow you 276 . do ḟuiling ... an ríghe gan roinn ... do Mhaoil Ṡeachluinn allowed the kingdom to be undivided in possession of M. Content. vi 158 . créad fár ḟuluing a bhiodhbha | Éire dá ghaol why did his foe let E. be held ... by his stock ? ib. 108 . bai dia hainféli-si na ro faelangair gan luighe na fochair she insisted on his lying with her Leb. Gab.(i) i 26z (possibly to c, above, he could not but, must needs. cf. nis foelsat a ngnímrada | do bith fiad gnúis ind Ruirech, SR 8291 (lit. their deeds did not support them for being ... ?).

(i) Sometimes apparently confused with fo-luigi (cf. above), e.g. In Luachair ... | ba himda sleg 'na slúagthaig ; | i n-aimsir D. | nosfuilngtis a scoth-ṡemair, Metr. Dinds. iii 236.16 (see p. 520 ). See also Ériu xii 221 .

? Ni fria fáth fuilngenn, Ériu xiii 16.33 = nach fria etc. .i. ni hisin fo feith ara n-imfuilngither eneclann doib, H 3.18, 207b2 .

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