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clisid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clisid or dil.ie/9505

v (cles) performs feats; springs, leaps, starts : clisis iarom uasna huaitnib (of a cat), Anecd. i 57 § 53 . clissis Cú Ch. for rind in bera hísin, LU 5729 (TBC). no clistís errid Ulod for súanemnaib tarsnu on dorus diarailiu, 10138 . ro clissisit hisund eirrid aithi . . . im sciathu croda, BB 443a9 . ro clisseat co croda cruiseacha a corpaib caemcland, 432a13 . lingidh annsa loch . . . / nír chlis a thaobha re tuinn / nó gur bhris craobha an chaorthainn, Celtica ii 167 § 42 (tr. `did not fail against the wave'. Perh. no sooner did he touch the surface than he plucked a branch . . . ). ro clisestar a craide re grodbidgad na genidechta, MR 232.10 . clisedh in cú chuigi, 200.5 . roclisestar Congal fá na cathaib, 248.10 .

c.¤ (ar, tar) excels, surpasses; prevails over, brings down, brings to naught : mer ro-chlis ar sluagaib suilt, Stud. Hib. iv 68 § 40 . clisit tar caladhLaighnibh / cíndit tar cuanfatUltaibh, IT iii 91 § 131 . rochliss for Caissel (of attaining kingship), Rawl. 163b12 . terc aicci cara ar nach clis, Fen. 150.x . ingean Mhuireadha Meas fial-nar, / ca hadmad caem ar nar' chlis?, Ériu x 84 § 79 . cuirim suas don ghrádh / . . . / do chlis sé ar a lán, Dánta Gr. (1916) xiv 4 ( do bhris sé ar a lán, Dánta Gr. 90.4 ). do chleisfeadh oruinn, dar ttreigean ┐ dar léigean gan fios . . . , Luc. Fid. 5338 . For phr. clisid for anáil (análaib) see s.v. anál.

Note also: clisit curaid daig abtha, Anecd. i 14.16 (clisit cuirn arccoit abhthæ, v.l., SCano 481 `warriors perform feats', `silver horns leap (i.e. circulate swiftly'), note). eirr chain chumachtach . . . uas do chlíu nad chliss crichbrugi Macha, LL 14223 (rhet.). clisidh catha cruaidh-chleasa / cinidh ar a chomhaosaibh, CRR² 35 .

fomus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fomus or dil.ie/23229

n u, m. (mess) (vn. of fo-midethar) the act of calculating or estimating; an estimate, an approximate judgment: ma cuaird focheird a toimsi ... is annsu in f.¤ moa mbeir, | ni triit tarsnu toimsideir (i.e. it is harder to calculate the circumference than the diameter of the firmament) SR 171 . a mess ┐ a tomus ... ┐ a imradud riā ndenum, arnab f.¤ iar ng...aim [? nḡaim MS; i. leg. ngnim? greimm ?] ZCP xii 362.9 ( H 3.18, 8b ). roláosa ... f.¤ forsaní sin (of estimating number of the enemy's forces) LU 4792 = TBC-I¹ 300 . dlúthud cen f.¤ `joining together without calculating (?)' (sign of a skilled workman) Triads 118 . béim co f.¤ (a feat of Cú Chulainn's) LU 9293 , 10343 = beim co commus nō co fomus, 5973 = co commus, TBC-I¹ 1505 . co fommus, TBC-LL¹ 2114 . nosberr in gilla mail fair cosin claideb .i. bem co f.¤ `a properly measured stroke' Ériu i 118.28 . Cf. foimse, foimsiu, fomais.

súainem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súainem or dil.ie/39071
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: súaineamh, súaineamh, súainimh, suainemna

n n, m. Later also o and u. súaineamh o, m., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.31) . súaineamh, o and u, m., § 28 . súainimh, lochdach, ib. g s. suainemna, Anecd. i 1.12 . Note also: suaine a sleagh (: truaille) `thongs', TD 9.29 .

(a) rope, cord, string : suainemh .i. tét, O'Dav. 1492 . int suaneman gl. funis, Ml. 37d5 . tri deligud inna crích honaib suanemnaib, 37d11 . suánemuin do dénum i n-aidchi, Wb. 24d14 (see note). dénum suainemun i n-aidchi, 26b17 . Of retrieving objects of value by means of ropes (see Thurn., ZCP xv 259 ): cro fir saiges a suainemnaib `who advances by ropes', Laws v 236.15 .i. timartain in fir innsaidhis a suainemnaib na teite; in rodaide no in tallaige, iar testu na teite roime, .i. a cliab co suainemnaib teiti, 238.15 Comm . ( O'Dav. 1492 ). turchlu a suainemnad ( suainemnaib, O'Curry 1799 , 23 Q 6, 42a ) .i. ini dobeir ar clo, is tar in ti saighes ris im suainemain, Laws v 298.12 , 300. 18 Comm . See turchlu. is lēim alboilcc .i. suainem tar blái foa ndichet carpat, O'Mulc. 759 . no clistís errid Ulod for súanemnaib tarsnu on dorus diarailiu, LU 10138 . ind long . . . doleced do nim, ┐ cethri suanimain esti, 1953 ( FA 2 ) = co cethri suainemnu, LB ( IT i 171.23 ). no shíned a shuanemain eter da chualli, LL 125a13 . co tarut suainem im bragait I., PH 2312 . do-rigne sroigill do shuainemnaib becca, 4526 . ceṅgaltar a lám iarum dia thóeb co suanemnaib, RC iii 184.28 . dusrelged síos fris na suainemhnaibh, AFM vi 1898.4 .

(b) thong or loop of a spear : faga feig . . . co suanemnaib loga, TBC-LL¹ 2738 . ar slegaib . . . go suanemnaib lín, 3571 . tuc a chorrmér gaiscid i ssuainim na sleighe, Acall. 7709 . ro mebdatar a slegha ┐ a foghadha . . . i tollaib a suainemh, CCath. 2127 . ro coirighsit a coirrmera . . . i suainemnaiph . . . a fogad feig, 5552 . do rad F. a mhéur hi suainemh an fhogha, AFM vi 1978.18 . bera . . . co suathnemaib sita, Cog. 160.27 . co tarrla in ga . . . annsa Dub Sailind conuige a suainemh, Comp. CC 110.5 . súainimh re sleaghaibh dá snaidhm, IGT Decl. ex. 440 . go leagh snáth gacha suainimh, Aithd. D. 21.8 . a samhnuidhibh na sleighe, ITS xxiv 42.21 . tucc a mhér a maoth-shuaithneamh na sleighe, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 261.4 .

(c) Of rivers course, confluence (?): suanem S., suainem E., suanem B., ┐ is é sin Comar na tri nUisci, Rawl. B 512, 76vb9 . Bun Suainmi, 8 = Bun Suinbhi, BB 22b16 - 18 . rangator tra as sin co M., día ngaror Bun Suainmhe aniu .i. suainemh S., suainemh E., ┐ suainem B., Leb. Gab.(i) 12.4 . go Bun Suaimhne, eadhon Cumar-na-dtrí-n-uisge, áit a bhfuil suaineamh S. ┐ F. ┐ B., Keat. i 144.80 .

(d) In literary contexts. Of the versification of the Senchus Már: airdugdu[i]r in tSencusa . . . atrechtadur suainemain filidechta fou la Patraic `who put a thread of poetry around it for Patrick', Laws i 22.z Comm . dorat suainemain fai, 38.9 Comm . = adracht suainemhain fou, O'Curry 756 ( H 3.18, 358a ). In name of a metre: suaínem domhunghuírt, IT iii 103 § 200 . Perh. also in: sūainem Segsa, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 56 § 36 .

See 1 súaithnid.

tarsna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tarsna or dil.ie/40161
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: —ae, tarsno, tarsno, forstarsnu, tarsnu, tarsnu, tarsnu, tarsna

n [? —ae io, n.] n s. a tarsno , Thes. ii 255.7 . d s. ond tarsno , 8 . forstarsnu, LU 5810 . tarsnu , 10138 .

I

(a) the cross-beam of a cross: a tarsno for laim cli do sacardaib ... ani ond tarsno sís do anchortib, Thes. ii 255.7 , 8 . ocht cubaitt ar fatt annsa croich ┐ tri cubaitt co leith ina tarrsna, Maund. 13 (perh. to (b)).

(b) width, breadth (as opp. to fot length): tarrsna boisi ina lethet (a bridge), Aisl. Tond. 126.9 . trī lēigi amāin t.¤ ┐ leithet an locha `the lake is only three leagues in width,' Fl. Earls 92.5 . téad ... ré tomhas chathrach Jerusalem ar fad ┐ ar t.¤ , TSh. 723 . a t.¤ ó Shliabh Eichtghe go Sliabh Eibhlinne (of Tuadhmhumha), Keat. i 126.80 .

II In adverbial expressions.

(a) d s. tarsnu (later tarsna) across, from side to side, diametrically: ni triit tarsnu toimsideir it is not measured in diameter (of the earth), SR 172 . Cf. Laws i 28.26 . tarsnu on dorus di arailiu, LU 10138 . act nib tarrsna do fuarcartur enech i neinech `provided he does not cross-strike the person threshing face to face opposite him,' Laws iii 220.y Comm. fiar is tarnsna théid mo long `tack and tack my vessel beats,' O'Gr. Cat. 336.8. siobhal an fhearainn t.¤ (of evasive arguing), Luc. Fid. 286.1 .

(b) Hence as quasi-adj. crosswise, oblique, crooked: an crann t.¤ a-tá ar an gcrois, DDána 23.17 . má rugas chéim th.¤ thoruibh if I avoided Thee by deviating from it (the true path), 25a.24 . guais bheith dod threabhadh t.¤ , Content. xiv 2 . slighe tarrsna, Dán Dé xxii 13.

(c) In phrase for tarsnu (later fo tharsnu, —a)=(a): colluid triana chend forstarsnu, LU 5810 (= fortharrsu, TBC-I¹ 1338 ). co mboí faén for tarsnu isind áth ina ligu, LU 6199 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot, alaile fortarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 . roarsetar an innsi fo tharsnu arantia hanc insulam , Lat. Lives 79.z . ro badh faóinbhél foth.¤ ro hiomcradh ara eoch é, AFM v 1778.11 .

(d) With foll. prep. and noun (cf. III (b)): cor bo chross tall t.¤ triana chlíab (of a spear), IT iii 480.243 . con tigeth gai D. t.¤ ind, YBL 172a32 . nobid ... crand t.¤ tarsin tech, ZCP vii 300.9 . tarrsna os cinn urlair in tseomra, vi 297.5 .

III In prepositional expressions.

(a) d s. tarsnu (later tarsna) across, over (with foll. gen.): a dá malaig ... tarrsnu a gnúisi, BDD² 853 . lan bel in demes t.¤ ind aisle itir tiget ┐ lethet, Laws i 132.24 Comm. tarrsna in tiri uile, CCath. 3426 . fiarth.¤ na lurgan ar aicmi muini ... ceartth.¤ ar aicme ailme `athwart the shinbone ... straight across,' Auraic. 5783 . t.¤ an achaidh, TD 4.7 . ? Here also: lenfetar in da tailcend techt Taige tarrsnae crainn, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 51.1 . lotar īar tain dar fid tarrsnæ 'they then cut across a wood', BDC 108.64 ​.

(b) With following prep. governing dat. (cf. II (d)): muir ┐ mor-ghaoth tarrsna re taobuibh trenlong, ML² 699 . bréid ciartha t.¤ ar a shúilibh `over his eyes,' Keat. iii 1356 . Cf. tucad dóib ... in mucc ┐ cethorcha dam dia tarsnu `across her,' Sc.M² 7.1 .

Mod. Ir. treasna. Cf. ceithre croinn trasna ar a thóin, TD 279 (poem 44 v.9) . trasna tar a ttáinig, 23 M 25, 89.10 .

1 toimsid, toimsigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 toimsid, toimsigid or dil.ie/41223
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: tomsid, tomsigid, tomaisid

Denominative vbb. from tomus, q.v. Also tomsid, tomsigid, tomaisid, etc.

I

(a) Trans. measures: toirsech mo rosc, crīn mo chrē | ō rothoimsed fē fri Flann `nachdem man Flann mit der Rute gemessen hat,' Bruchst. § 119 . rothoimsed (sic leg.) fe | fri cnes rígḟer, Metr. Dinds. iii 186.53 . fae crand o tomaister uag, LL 161a marg. ni triit tarsnu toimsideir, SR 172 . fris toimsidir dath a ball | soillsidir óen na retlann, 1901 . lethet a thened fri dá míle déc cubat tomsithir, LU 2108 (FA). ni tarsna tomustar `it is not in diameter it is measured,' Laws i 28.26 . iar na airdbe cutrumu graine frisi tomister ordlach, ii 252.1 . isamlaid dano doroimsi Patraic ind fertai, Trip. 236.20 . in medh i tomaister in tór ... in cerd ra thomais ar dus he, O'D. 2410 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 52c ). is maith in coire asatoimsidhther, Anecd. v 27 n. 21 . toimsit[h]er [rottomsed, v.l.] in fidchell, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 24 § 3 . cia lestar i tomaister ind airmeadsa, YBL 165b14 . is tú do tóimse neam ót bois, LB 230a53 . cuiris M. a troigh for muinel an rígh ┐ ro thomhais an rí dia troightibh, BNnÉ 292 y . is andsin ro tomais Conalleclais do Día `pensabat,' Lat. Lives 22.3 . ro toimsit deich n-uingi fichet do dergór dó, Mer. Uil. 125 . sechto frise tomsighter gaideilcc, O'Gr. Cat. 105.19. domiter alta uadh frí halta daine .i. toimsigter alta an airchetail fri halta duine amal toimsigtir fri gach n-indsge, Auraic. 4601 . in tan ba roscadh na tomaiste and, cindas nothomhsidhe, Auraic. 928 = intan ba rosgad no tomusti and cibindas notomhusti, 3857 . ni thainic riam rimaire ... rothoimsed airdi ifrind, Lec. 172a32 . toimsit na teachta fundaimint in tige, a fod, a lethet, a himthacmhac, Fl. Earls 118.26 . toimhseach .i. treabh ... da dtoimhsdi cíos, O'Cl. toimheosuidh mé a ccédobair iona mbrollach, Isaiah lxv 7 . cibé tomhas dobéarthaoi uaibh, an céadna thomhaisfidhear dhaoibh `remetietur vobis,' TSh. 4940 . Figuratively: crann do thomhais Mac Muire, DDána 54.27 . Hence traverses: do thomhais fionnmhuir, Studies 1940, 113 § 17 .

(b) Intrans. measures: claideb mor ... tricha traiged no tomaiss, RC xiv 404 § 10.

(c) estimates, conjectures, guesses: mēid ro thoimsis fēin rofes, ZCP viii 268 § 43 . is é rotoimsedh cach ndicelta, Dinds. 21 . cethri tomadmann, tomsid, | hi flaith Fhiachach, Metr. Dinds. iii 460.21 . do thomais co togha trénláidir a tennbuilli tri táebaibh na trénmíled, Comp. CC 120.2 . an triúr le dtoimhsi a bhean Bríain | ré Cliaigh do-gheabh toimhsi in trír, IGT Decl. ex. 1356 . tomais cia misi, O'Gr. Cat. 331.10. toimhsigh cia ar a dtarla thí, Aithd. D. 28.13 . a ánruidh truaigh, tomhais dúin | gá fuil do-chuaidh fad chéadúir, DDána 50.12 .

1 tre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tre or dil.ie/41608
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tri, tre, tri, tre, tré, trí, -i, thr, thrempi, tria, trie, tríd, tríd, trit, trit, tres, tre, tres, tresin, tresind, tresan, trésan, trisin, trissin, triasin, triasand, triasan, tresa, tressa, tres, trisa, trissa, triasa, tresna, trésna, trisna, triasna, trium, tríom, triut, triut, trit-su, treot, treót, thréodsa, thriodsa, tríod, triit, tríit, tríit, triitt, trit, tríd, th-, thrít, thríd, tree, trée, treæ, trea, tre(i)the, -i, trithe, trithi, tríthe, th—, thríthi, thríthe, triunni, tríonn, trín-ne, th-, thrínn, thrín, triib, triuib, tribh, treu, tréu, treo, tréu, tréo, treothu, treotho, treotha, tretho, tretha, trithu, tritha, tríotha, thríotha, trithibh, treamhum, tréamham, treamham, tremut, tromud, tromhat, tre(i)m(h)it, -d, treimheit, treimhid, trempi, troimpi, thrempi, trempu, treampa, treampa, treompo, trompa, triomhtha, tríom, tromham, treamham, tríod, tríot, tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat, tríd, troimhe, treimhe, tríotha, trithe, troimpe, treimpe, troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit, trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn, tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh, tríotha, trompa, treampa, trem, trim, triam, trit, triat, tret, tred, trét, tria, tría, triánn, trea, tr, thre, tré, triana, trena, trina, tréna, treimhid, trīd, triar, trear, tre, trénar, tri, tri, tre, tre, tre, trialaile, trinaroile, trenaroili, trít, tremi-, tris-, tre-

prep. with acc. (later also with dat. Cf. tri suidib, Ml. 56b15 ), leniting (see GOI § 856 ). Apart from Ml, tre is the commoner form in the O. Ir. Glosses. tri, however, is frequent in Wb, and is the usual form in Ml (tre, Ml. 16a25 , 96a6 ). It is also found (much less commonly than tre) in Sg. (27a2 , 188a8 , 189b2 , 195b1 , 197b4 , 201b3 , 213b8 ). tré is written with length-mark at Sg. 159a1 , and frequently in the later language. trí (with length-mark) occurs at Wb. 12c34 , Tur. 103 , Acr. 11c5 , Ml. 2d5 , 14c16 , 22b1 , 30a9 , etc. The form in -i is infrequent after the Old Irish period ( tri, Sc.M² 5 , Rosa Angl. 196.23 , ZCP vi 63.12 , 70.8 ). With lenition of t- thr, LU 10606 (cf. thrempi, PH 268 , and the Mod. Ir. forms with pron. suff. infra). The form tria is fairly common in all periods outside the O. Ir. Glosses: Thes. ii 300.9 , 331.4 , Hib. Min. 244 , Laws ii 374.12 , Mon. Tall. 154.4 , IT i 19.37 , PH 7431 , BDD² 1295 , Maund. 57 , and is the usual form in SR (168 , 1926 , 3128 ). trie, IT i 267.24 . The form with pron. suff. 3 s. tríd is used as simple prep. in Mod. Ir.: tríd fhear, IGT Introd. 19.5 , trit stól, 23 K 42, 404.19 , trit na scelaib-sin, ZCP vi 72.21 , most usually with article and possessives, see infra. Note also tres gach, DDána 66.1 ; cf. tre gach bhfear .l., tres gach bhfear .c., Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.6 .

With art.: sing. m. and f. tresin, Wb. 20d13 , 30a13 , Sg. 59b18 , 138a1 , 161b1 , 188a26 , 201a2 , BCr. 32a8 , 34c2 , TBFr. 238 , PH 8086 . tresind, Mon. Tall. 141.z . tresan, TBC-LL¹ p. 837 n. 5 , IGT Decl. ex. 1121 . trésan, TSh. 190 , Ó Héodhusa 46.1. trisin, Wb. 5b20 , 10b19 , 12d20 , Tur. 43 , 48 , 55 , 68 , Sg. 209b31 , Ml. 19b11 , 29b8 , 33d13 , 37a22 , etc. trissin, Wb. 12d39 . triasin, SR 7580 , Sc.M² 22.6 , PH 5137 . triasand láim, BDD² 1511 . triasan, ZCP viii 114 § 14 . neut. tresa, Sg. 32a8 , 197b2 . tressa, Wb. 32c20 , tresṅgné `by the species,' Sg. 73b1 . trisa, Wb. 13a10 , Ml. 20a6 , 30d19 , 37b7 . trissa, Wb. 4d33 , Ml. 15a13 , 37d16 , 42c23 , 54c15 , etc. triasa, BDD² 1435.

Note also trit an firt, BColm. 88.2 . tríd an sgéal, Dán Dé xxviii 31 . trit an talmain, Maund. 8.

Plur. tresna, Hib. Min. 445 , PH 4164 , Feis Tighe Chonáin 779 . trésna, Fél. Prol. 44 , TSh. 601 . trisna, Wb. 4a6 , Tur. 65 , Ml. 25b7 , 36c19 , 38d18 , etc. triasna, PH 4657 , BColm. 106.2 .

With pron. suff. 1 s. trium, Wb. 23b30 . tríom, DDána 3.16 . 2 s. triut, Ml. 44c11 , 88a16 , 17 , Sc.M² 9 (tréot, v.l.), Fél. Ep. 438 , IT i 70.14 , Ériu iii 137.55 . triut, LU 3255 . trit-su, PH 2664 . treot, RC xxvii 276.3 . treót, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). thréodsa .i. thriodsa , O'Cl. tríod, TD 14.20 , DDána 110.47 . 3 s. m. and n. triit, Wb. 1d4 , 2b15 , 8d11 , Ml. 51b10 , Sg. 73b7 , 76b7 , Críth G. 549 , SR 172 , IT i 76.6 . tríit, Ml. 51d1 , Sg. 43a3 , 148b7 . tríit, TBC-LL¹ 1184 . triitt, BColm. 66.12 . trit, Wb. 27c2 , Mon. Tall. 156.10 , PH 7792 , Laws i 44.1 Comm. , Rosa Angl. 40.3 . tríd, DDána 32.35 , Content. vii 15 , TSh. 9831 . With lenited th-: thrít, TBC-LL¹ 3264 . thríd, Ériu ix 165 § 25 , TSh. 10785 . 3 s. f. tree, Wb. 2c4 , 5c17 . trée, Sg. 25b14 . treæ, Ml. 88b15 . trea (trethe, v.l.), BDD² 1231 . tre(i)the, -i, Sc.M² 1 , ZCP viii 104.18 , TBC-LL¹ 1946 , Laws i 144.2 Comm. , 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), tréthi, PH 2385 . trithe, Fél.² lxxvii 29 , Maund. 80 . trithi, Stair Erc. 2493 . tríthe, TBC-LL¹ p. 651 n. 5 , DDána 54.28 . TD 10.25 (condemned in IGT, see citation below). With lenited th—: thríthi, TD 13.8 . thríthe, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 . 1 pl. triunni, Wb. 14c16 , Ml. 129d20 . tríonn, Dán Dé x 9 , DDána 40.17 . trín-ne, 40.28 . With lenited th-: thrínn, Dán Dé xxvii 32 . thrín, Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . 2 pl. triib, Wb. 3b22 . triuib, TTr.² 1766 . tribh, DDána 30.15 , TD 14.37 . 3 pl. treu, Wb. 28c18 , 30c13 , Ml. 42b13 , 42c11 . tréu, 42d2 . treo, Sg. 4b4 , 138a4 , Críth G. 540 , BDD² 1278 (treu, tréu, v.ll.). tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . treothu, SR 327 , 4311 , PH 1216 . treotho, AU i 578.7 . treotha, Laws i 44.10 Comm. tretho, iii 362.22 . tretha, Ériu xii 190.y . trithu, PH 4637 , MR 194.15 . tritha, Marco P. 145 . tríotha, TSh. 8342 . thríotha, A IV 3, 771.x . trithibh, BNnÉ 324.6 .

In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with infixed -m-, and -o- instead of -e- (infl. of ré n-): 1 s. treamhum, DDána 39.23 . tréamham (: dhéanamh), Ó Bruad. iii 22.5 . treamham .i. thriom, O'Cl. 2 s. tremut, PH 2424 . tromud, YBL 149b7 . tromhat, SG 69.34 . 3 s. m. tre(i)m(h)it, -d, PH 2645 , BColm. 78.23 , Laws v 172.z Comm. , DDána 101.8 (: dtig), AFM iii 128.x , CCath. 3944 . treimheit (: dheit), Content. ix 7 . treimhid .i. trid, O'Cl. 3 s. f. trempi, TTebe 3287 , MR 202.1 . troimpi, IGT Decl. ex. 1124 (treimpi, v.l.). With lenition thrempi, PH 268 . 3 pl. trempu, PH 8155 . treampa, Hugh Roe 94.18 . treampa .i. triotha, O'Cl. treompo, TTebe 1909 . trompa, 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), Leb. Gab.(i) 104.16 , Lism. L. 4609 . triomhtha, Ó Bruad. ii 190.10 .

The following forms are given for syllabic verse in Bard. Synt. Tr. 7.21 : tríom, tromham, treamham; tríod, tríot tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat; tríd, troimhe, treimhe; tríotha, l. a ghearradh, trithe, l. a shíneadh, troimpe, treimpe; troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit ...; trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn; tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh; tríotha, trompa, treampa.

With poss. adj.: 1 s. trem, Wb. 17b33 , 23b23 , 30a25 , TBC-LL¹ 3132 , TD 39.2 . trim, Ml. 44b29 , 89a2 , 127a3 . triam, RC vi 176.59 . 2 s. trit, Ml. 62d4 , 87a9 . triat, SR 1484 , 1727 , TBC-I¹ 2811 . tret, Sc.M² 11 (triat, v.l.), DDána 101.8 . tred, TBC-LL¹ p. 617 n. 10 , DDána 56.9 . trét, PH 2599 . 3 s. and pl. tria, Wb. 1b5 , Ml. 37b23 , Sg. 211b5 , Críth G. 214 ; f. Wb. 10a3 ; pl. Wb. 8a14 , Ml. 28d15 , Sg. 3a11 . tría, Ml. 30c5 . triánn drochgnímu, 84c14 . trea, Wb. 29d29 , 33c7 , Hib. Min. 214 ; f. TBFr. 234 (treda, MS.); pl. Wb. 19a12 , 29a7 , Fél. Jan. 4 (tria, v.l.). tr, TTebe 1017 . thre, Ériu i 28.193 . tré a, TSh. 472 . triana, SR 5201 , BDD² 1164 ; f. IT i 125.24 . trena, LU 3292 ; f. DDána 16.6 ; pl. PH. 7056 . trina, Maund. 44 ; pl. TBC-LL¹ 3616 . tréna, TSh. 8343 ; f. Dán Dé xxv 49 ; pl. Studies 1924, 242 § 11 . treimhid a tromaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n. 2 . trīd a (sic MS.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 , O'Cl. s.v. tré. 1 pl. triar , Ml. 83c11 , 100d14 . trear, Wb. 26a27 . tre ar, DDána 10.5 . trénar, Dán Dé xxv 18 . 2 pl. tri bar, Wb. 9d24 . tri far, Ml. 115b8 . tre bar, Wb. 14c17 , 27a1 . tre far, 23d16 . tre bhar, DDána 95.22 .

With aile: trialaile, Wb. 10a4 . trinaroile, Stair Erc. 2156 . trenaroili, 809 .

With rel.: trisa mbí, Wb. 3d21 . trissa nétatsat, Ml. 57a3 . trisnansoirthae, 124a8 . trisá netar, 126b19 . trisin-damrobae, 126d11 . tresa mbí, Wb. 23b5 . tresindippiat, tresindabia, 25d8 . tressa naithnuigther, Thes. ii 253.12 . tresambed, Mon. Tall. 164.7 . tres-in iumfhoilngither, PH 6250 . trias-a roichet, 5904 . triasradībdad, Cáin Ad. 21 . tríasa n-agailledar, RC xiii 269.13 . tre' tig, PH 7792 . tré dtuillmid, Donlevy 152.12 . tre a bhfuil, DDána 107.6 . tre ar fhás, 10.17 . tré nach faghar, Content. xvi 85 . trina tic, ZCP vi 272 § 11 . trinar marbh se, 279.2 . tríd nar bh'oircheas, DDána 46.1 . thríd nach fuighinn, 25a.4 . tremit ar harced, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

I In local senses.

(a) through . Of countries, territories, etc.: dia luid duaid ... tri glenn iosofád, Ml. 58c4 . rethid ... tré airechtu athluma, | tre buidnib ban ..., | tre cholltib, tre chathracha (of the writer's thoughts), Ériu iii 14 § 3 . do hionnarbadh inn | tre Chlár ... bhFéilim, TD 15.9 . along roads, across bridges, fords, etc.: trisna cemmen i nandais beus gl. hii psalmi graduum dicuntur qua in ascensu Templi canebantur per ea interualla ... `through the steps on which they continued to halt,' Ml. 133b4 . trisna foirthiu ailitherdi gl. peregrina per marmora `through the foreign fords (?),' Tur. 65 . ni bhaoi conair ... act trésan droichet, Hugh Roe 94.18 . triall ... tré bhealach bhriste na cána, TSh. 2589 . Of apertures, doors, etc.: ol in spiurt noib tri giun in fatho, Ml. 74d13 . do aircechain tria ginu na fer fireon, Laws i 16.6 . cethri drolaim ... | asind airc ... | dá drol treothu, SR 4311 . bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar ṁbrúar, BDD² 1295 . tria tholl na comla, ACL iii 308 vi 20 . nos tairnged tria ladraib a choss, TBC-LL¹ 1408 . trit in dorus sin, ZCP vi 284.32 . through the midst of a crowd of people, army, etc.: acht mad treo docoí `except he have gone through them (the enemy)' (note), Críth G. 540 . culu tria neit ... .i. amal teit carpat ... tria chath, ACC 2 . dolen Sir Heront trit in cath e, ZCP vi 69.22 . dol trempa gan airisiumh, AFM vi 2162.x . Of buildings: cóic shéoit i ndul tria thech tria lías, Críth G. 214 . ragaid ... tria choimtig inn rígthaigi (a sword), BDD² 1248 . secht sligeda trethe (of a bruden), Sc.M² 1 . Of garments, shields, etc.: co tregda in fer tria scíath, Críth G. 555 . atconnairc Cu Chulaind ... a gualaind tresin cochull, LU 3788 . ro gonadhsan cach tairsí ┐ treithi ┐ séici (bricht comga), TBC-LL¹ p. 359 n. 7 . Of the body or parts of the body: ? rog[lan]ad són tria deis gl. arcton [dextra tenet] (simile of the four parts of the Cross and the four cardinal points), Tur. 142 . bróenán fola ... | tria thóebán, Fél. Ep. 352 . triam taebh, RC vi 176.59 . triana chend, TBC-LL¹ 1268 . budh iomdha ... tre chneas ... | soighead, TD 16.66 . Of a surface, skin, the earth etc.: cach luib tricc ticc tria thalmain, SR 1926 . nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig | nach creid ... dhuid `there is no verdure on the rock but trusts ...,' Dán Dé xxix 26 . Cf. co faisctis a drucht ┐ a uanfadh tremit so that its dew and foam were squeezed from it (of the moon), CCath. 3944.

Various: anadchither tri themel, Wb. 12c12 . ni forcmat óin chomsuidigud trea nuili aimsera `through all their tenses,' Sg. 157b9 . arbeittet bairtni bindi | tri laith linni ainm nAeda `melodious bardisms modulate through pools of liquor the name of Aed,' Thes. ii 295.17 . condelgdar tresna thri grad `it is compared through the three degrees,' Hib. Min. 445 . atracht iarom trena chotlud, LU 3292 , `he arose then out of his sleep,' SCC² 82 . ionmhuin taidhbhse táinig sonn | aréir trem chodladh chugom, TD 39.2 . íar ndul triit after it has leaked (of a cauldron), Críth G. 549 . comhradh leanb ar luaidheadh thrín `all that we uttered was childish talk' (lit. all that was mentioned among us), Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . re dul thríd in going through it (a book), Donlevy iv 11.

(b) Implying mixture, mingling, etc.: imchomarc co naithisib triit `a question with revilings through it,' Ml. 54c13 . snechta tria shín lūades gáeth `through a snowstorm,' Thes. ii 331.4 . fuair Dia ... | domblas aoi tre fhíon arsuidh, Aithd. D. 98.30 . fuaim a sruth ... | tre ghuth ainglidhe a healtan, TD 13.5 . an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna chéile, TSh. 174 . In phrases corresponding to the Mod. Ir. tré theine on fire: atā trē doiger derg-lasrach donn-ruaide (of a burning wood), ML² 958 . cáer theinntidhe dfaicsin tre lasadh ó mhullach an tighe, ITS xvi 8.28 . fuair a réghlés féin tré choirthir smáil teineadh ┐ tennáil, Ériu v 76.24 .

(c) Personal forms ref. to object of verbs of cutting : co treghdfad in tsleg trithi hī (a pig), Fianaig. 66.12 . gur comraind in imdaig ... trempi co talmain and cut clean through the couch, MR 202.1 . roscris in t-eideth ara druim ┐ rogerr in dilat aluind oraighi trithi cut through the saddle, ZCP vi 70.28 .

(d) 3 s. trít in adverbial phrases. t.¤ sís, anuas, siar throughout: ┐ a n-illradh tríd sís, IGT Decl. § 42.11 . greagh, cert lethan tríd sís as .c. aige, § 45. inann ghabaid [uile] tríd anúas (of nouns declined in same way), § 37 . a lán féinneadh feadh an tighe, | tríd siar `all through the house,' TD 11.17 . t.¤ amach absolutely, completely: aderim gurub é is lan and trit amach `absolute fulness,' Rosa Angl. 40.3 . Note also : ni triit tarsnu toimsideir not diametrically is it measured (the earth), SR 172.

(e) téit tre lit. goes through (of an attack, battle-charge): rachthair thairsiu is tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . docuatarsom foithib ┐ tríthu ┐ tarrsa, D IV 2, 45ra44 . is trithu nach tiaghar, MR 194.15 . violates, breaks (an oath): arna te nech tria lugae, Ml. 36a23 . dul tria aitiri, Críth G. 306 . Cf. nach ccuirfeadh féin ... trīd a mhionnuibh é (sic leg.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 . ? cid fín bárc do-téised treut (treu, treothu, v.ll.), BDD² 740 (see note).

II In temporal senses.

(a) tri rei ciana `for long times,' Ml. 90d14 . condib tria nuile ṁbethaid ón dano ┐ nib cuit ree `that it should be so through their whole life,' Tur. 71 . do toscelad áiss aescai ... tri bliadni incholnigtheo `through the years of the Incarnation,' Thes. ii 41.24 . isintt urtt chetna biae tre cach oena `(thou) shalt continue under the same rule through each fast,' Mon. Tall. 154.3 . tres-in sechtmain-sea throughout this week, PH 461.

(b) In adverbial phrase tre bithu, tre bith sír, etc., for ever, everlastingly: tre bithu, Fél. Mar. 31 . do gress doib, ... tria bithu coa airfitiud, SR 684 . tria bitho, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 52 . tria bitha sír, ZCP viii 108.17 . tre bhiotha síor, TD 15.18 . tria bith sir, PH 1938 . tre bhioth síor, TD 13.39 . tria bithu betha, TBC-LL¹ 2704 . tre saeghul na saegal, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . tré shaoghal na saoghal in saecula saeculorum, TSh. 2052.

III Indicating the medium or attendant circumstances of a communication, action, etc. (in many of the follg. exx. the meaning approximates to that in tre IV infra).

(a) tri insci redi ... duadbat som ... `through speech ...,' Ml. 51c11 . dufornditer ... a ngnimae inna rig sin tri delba ban, 65c16 . tri throp ` figuratively ,' 65b14 . in moltai dogniín se tri bindius ┐ chlais, 136a8 . rosluinter ... tre rangabáil in persan hisin, Sg. 189b2 . doasilbthaer triit som gníim ... do neuch (of the word sui), 209a1 . in tre prois ... roceta int[ṡ]ailim, Hib. Min. 175 . titul do scribend ... tria litrib Ébra, PH 2877 . cennsa ... ┐ 'áilgeni tuicther tres-in snechta is understood by, 3386 . cōic anmand dēc tre blaid mbinn | fil d'anmanaib for Bōïnn, ZCP viii 106.1 . tuic let ... na Tiabanda taetencha i sidh in[a] cathrachaib ... trésna helaib understand by the swans ... the Thebans, TTebe 1233 . coic cetfada ... rotidhnaicedh o Dhia don cinedh doenna ... d'fegad De trompa, Lism. L. 4609 . nolabraidis na ceithri tre glor ndaenda with a human voice, CCath. 886 . adbeart ... trē bhogāssaigh urlapra ┐ trē dhānacht glōir ... go raghadh, Fl. Earls 50.3 . Note also: ata dedi ara scribhtar in tituil tria derg in red ink, Hib. Min. 241.

(b) Introducing the particular language of a communication: trí ilbélre gl. linguis loquens, Wb. 12c34 . co n-epistlib immdaib ... tria Goedeilg, IT i 19.37 . berla na filed, triasa n-agailledar cach dib a chele, RC xiii 269.13 . bennaighes tre n-a thengaid fein doib-sen, KMMisc. 317.12 .

(c) With abstract noun indicating the attendant circumstances of an action: isber Mói[d]ógc tria ocla móir `in great wrath,' BColm. 74.7 . do sloind tre medhair mhileis `told with sweet gladness,' Ériu iv 116.16 . roboi cinniud tria chombáig `a comrades' covènant,' RC iii 183.7 . adeirid cách liom tré rún | go bhfuil ..., TD 22.20 . "cuin do bhí againn t'éara" | cantar uainn tré aithmhéala, DDána 29.25 . do gluais fein tre mire ┐ tre mormenmain ... roime in anger and haughtiness, L. Chl. S. 4.1 . Cf. adeirim ris an saoghal cromadh trésan déirc to resort to almsgiving, TSh. 190.

(d) Introducing the authorisation of an action, the person or thing invoked, etc.: is tri ísu predchimse, Wb. 1d9 . guidmit-ne ... tu-sa ... tré-t miadamla, PH 2599 . soghuidhe an rí tres an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 . do bheannaigh[ea]dur damh tresna déibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 779.

IV Instrumental and causal. These two meanings merge into each other, and in O. Ir. particularly many exx. will bear either interpretation (cf. Fraser, ZCP viii 61 f. ).

(a) Instrum. through, by means of: condagaibtis int ais amprom tria nintleda `through their snares,' Ml. 31c6 . adchotadsam triar saithar, 92c5 . amal is trí accomol nildule conterissedar in domon sic imfolangar oínmolad do dia tri chocetal inna nule ṅdule, 145c4 . á híc tria fuil, Wb. 2b11 . ce rudglanta tri bathis, 4a6 . in tan dombeir in dea aithesc tre chomthoud talmaidech, Sg. 162a4 . tre airde ┐ firto, Thes. ii 253.4 . is tre trocuiri ... dotaegar hi cresiniu, Hib. Min. 356 . ro promtha tré martrai, Fél. June 27 . donrat fri saeth tria aslach, SR 1342 . niba hicc deitsiu tre Findio `thou shalt get no cure through Findio,' Mon. Tall. 154.15 . do sarughadh tria firta ┐ mirbaile `overcome by the great signs and miracles,' Laws i 14.19 . tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe (of a pig), Sc.M² 5 . cia ... nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa trias-na mírbulib-sea, PH 4657 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird | ... | triasa fa[g] badais crodh cain `whereby they won goodly treasure,' Ériu iv 174 § 9 . co findud slondud trit beos `he discovers the name by this means,' Laws i 44.1 Comm. braighde Ēirenn ... | gabhais tre rīghe is tre nert, ZCP viii 108.22 . foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi ... E. do bith i sith B.L., IT i 129.22 . do fhionnfuinn thríd do threisi `I should learn thy strength by it,' Ériu ix 165 § 25 . dá raibhe ní sa mheasa ... dheallruigheas tréna ghné specie sui, TSh. 8343 . Cf. rohicait a crecha ris dona buaib tremi⃛ ar harced he in the matter of which he had been plundered, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

(b) Causal on account of, by reason of (frequent with follg. vn.): combad mou de la dia a serc tri epert dosom adruthreb side indib, Ml. 92c4 . amal dundechutar doinmecha dunni triar pecthu, 111c14 . is tria hiris rambái cach maith, Wb. 2c13 . is hed dotheít de tre ilar na ndáne i nilur na persan `through the multitude of the gifts in the multitude of the persons,' 22a11 . tre thesbaid naich baill dind deilb, Sg. 5a5 . cid tre étged rop othar, Críth G. 61 . tré chin drochmna, IT i 75.6 . co n-éigit na haingil co sérb ... tria mar dho-míllset na dáine in gáel glaine do-bí doib ríu, PH 7431 . tresna ceōlaib sein ar sein | do creit Grigair in Comdid, ZCP viii 114.18 . is treothu na mortlaidi (faults of a prince), ACL iii 315 § 36 . do chogadh tre chloinn nUisnigh `to avenge,' Aithd. D. 6.31 . tre bheith do shluagh flatha Fáil | re luadh gcatha, TD 4.37 . is glór tré dhlús dighe soin `they (i.e. words) are inspired by hard drinking,' Content. xxv 4 . ba cara do-sam cech oen dib trena athair ┐ tremit fein on his father's account and on his own, Ann. Conn. 1225.6 . adubairt go crochfadh a muinntir uili tre bas in dithrebaig, Maund. 128 . is í cúis uma dtáinig Partholón ... tré mar do mharbh sé a athair `because he had slain his father,' Keat. i 160.74 . na sagairt ghlacas leagáid ... tre ghuidhe orra in return for, on condition of , TSh. 4513 . tángadar teachta ó rígh Laighean ... do thairgsin séad ┐ maoine dhóibh ... ó Laighnibh tré thilleadh don Mhumain tar a n-ais `if they returned,' Keat. iii 3146 . In phrase trít sin therefore: as tridsin do impoatar Ulltaigh ... airsium, RC xviii 268.24 . tríd sin, Keat. ii 654 . treimit sin, Fen. 302.15 . tremit-side, Ann. Conn. 1284.2 . do-icc tre is brought about by, is due to: is triuib tháníc cech n-olc, TTr.² 1766 . na huilc-si do thecht trit, PH 7792 . nó go ndéanann mo chlí cionnta | ní fhéaghann sí a dtiocfa tríd, Dán Dé x 5 . is tromhat táinic lot ... mu ríghisea, SG 69.34 .

In compds. tremi-, tris- with vbs., tre- with nouns and adjj. (often as intensive prefix), see separate articles.