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1 cró

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cró or dil.ie/13021
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: chrao, crai, cr, crui, cruu, cruib, crú, craoithe, chraí, craí(the

n o m. n s. croa, ZCP ix 453.9 . a s. chrao, Ériu i 214.4 . g s. crai, Laws iii 494.11 Comm. d s. cr, Corm. Y 306 . n p. crui, Laws iv 20.5 . a p. cruu (guaranteed by metre), ZCP iii 216.4 . d p. cruib, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 36.12 . Later also with n s. crú. Cf. n p. craoithe, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 n. 3 . c.¤ (an eich) m., g s. an chraí , n p. craí(the, IGT Decl. § 87 . c.¤ (an eich), c.¤ (ón chroaigheacht), c.¤ (cáolaigh), inann ghabhaid, Cró (Cuinn) mar sin acht gan illradh aige, ib. acht craí lána do láoghaibh (proscribed), ex. 1627 .

A term of very wide application, the basic meaning being enclosure, enclosed space, fold, pen, etc. crābed .i. . . . crau imme ar Dia, O'Mulc. 208 . cro gl. [haec casula], Ir. Gl. 122 . cro cumung, Metr. Gl. 20 . cro .i. cumang, Lec. Gl. 551 . M 345 . cruimt[h]er .i. crō-imbi-ter .i. crō og a māinib ┐ crō ima imrād ┐ crō ima brēt[h]ir ┐ ima gnīm, Corm. Y 396 .

I

(a) Of animals sty, stall, pen, fold : airleng for cro na muice, O'D. 1701 (H 2.12, 8.2). c.¤ roimh oirc (prov.), Ir. Gl. 156.25 . orc a cru finni (letter a in pig-ogam), Auraic. 5675 . muc as gach crú, BNnÉ 265.35 . Cf. ocht n-anmanna in[n]a muc . . . cro . . . ceis, deil, O'Dav. 360 . ic sádud a crúi `in planting the stakes of her cattle-pen', Metr. Dinds. iii 376.4 . deich crái gacha dorais . . . .x. loig in gach crúo, Fél. 88.20 - 21 . hūan corcra a crū asaine, ACL iii 244 § 14 . i gcrú an asail, Aithd. D. 73.10 . aonchro caorach, Luc. Fid. 5678 . cro con anfaitig, Laws iii 416.6 Comm. Cf. techtughudh do breith isin fearann co cruibh ime no cen cruibh ime, O'D. 2272 ( Rawl. B 506, 23c ). crui tire do tellach, Laws iv 20.5 `to occupy separate enclosures', Celtica vi 235 = cru .i. ime, ut est crui tire do theallach, O'Dav. 527 . tar chro, ┐ is leth muna bét(h) crui fences, Laws iv 30.22 Comm. By extension, space between an animal's legs: .ix. duirn a fot airtem (a) leithet a crui iar nairthur (.i. in bail ar coraiged teascad in tarra iar nairthir itis da chois cinn na muice) dorn leithet a crai a niarthur (.i. iter a da cois tona) 'nine fists its length, a fist with thumb extended its fore intercrural width (i.e. the place where the tarr was cut in front between the two front legs of the pig); a fist its hind intercrural width (i.e. between his two hind legs)' Peritia xv 317-18 .

(b) Of persons hut, cell, prison : fo chrú cacht `an imprisoning pen', Metr. Dinds. iv 122.9 . C. beó 'n-a crú chumung, iii 6.64 . duine do-dheachaidh fa ch.¤ became prisoner (?), Aithd. D. 51.4 . at cru, a cullaig! (said to seeker of sanctuary), Ann. Conn. 1342.3 . ag coimhéad an chraoi 'n-a raibhe S.M. i mbroid `the cell', Keat. iii 1524 . c.¤ meathaigh, Mac Aingil 2460 .

(c) With gen. of n. pr. or n. loc. (freq. in poetry): do chuartaigh tar c.¤ n-Uladh `beyond the far limits', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.3 . c.¤ Chrúachain Connaught , IGT Decl. ex. 1354 . buaidh a mbiodbadh ac crú Cuind Ireland , ZCP ii 342.29 budh tréad gan bhuachaill crú Cuinn, DDána 81.14 . oighir Chraoi Connla, Ir. Syll. Poetry 68 § 5 . ar lár croi Ia `in the middle of Iona', AFM iii 134.19 .

(d) Encircling band of weapons, persons, warriors, etc., hence bodyguard, troop, (line of) battle: c.¤ sleg ┐ scíath . . . 'ma ríg ṅHerend, LL 38703 . a ngúaille risin c.¤ crann, IGT Decl. ex. 1156 . i gcrú chleath, DDána 117.24 . saor an chraoi `the man who forms his circle of spears', O'Hara 2402 . imos cuirset c.¤ sciatrach do sciathaib órda . . . impu, Alex. 470 . muinter Í Ch. cro teand im tighearna, IT iii 92 § 136 . do ládh c.¤ uimpi d'ḟeraibh guard (of Christ's tomb), Ériu iv 112.11 . ina mbuaili bodba ┐ ina cro cat[h]a, CCath. 4980 . dorinedh cro gaile imon airdrig, Ériu viii 40.18 . ? crai mialata, BB 378b20 = crumlata, KZ xxxiii 83.22 . a bharr c.¤ `O lord of battle', Aithd. D. 20.17 . Cf. c.¤ aingel . . . oc anorugud a anma, LB 275a54 ( onórugud, SG 59.23 ).

(e) Miscellaneous exx. with attrib. gen.: dos-ratais i c.¤ bidbad iat you left them at the mercy of enemies, MU² 884 . The following examples (crú bodba, crú fechta) may properly belong to 1 crú. Pokorny translates ' raven' and connects it with Lat. corvus, IEW 570 . c.¤ bodba (bodbda ?), RC xiii 114 § 156 . Cf. is crú fechta (.i. badb) modcernae, LU 8904 . Cf. cru fechto .i. badb, Corm. Y 308 . crúḟechta .i. bodba, O'Dav. 375 . cru .i. badb, fechta .i. cath . . . cairbidhib crúfechta, H 3.18, 61b10 . c.¤ búada precinct (of Temair), Metr. Dinds. i 28.20 . Cathir Chroind c.¤ buada, LL 3540 . focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti `a meeting for council', Ériu viii 56.9 . i gcomhdháil ndruadh chraoi gcorma in a ring round ale (?), Hackett² xvii 39 . c.¤ cotaig ┐ oentad `covenant and union', RC xiii 72 § 75 . c.¤ cadat ┐ caradraidh, xxix 138.30 . ? cro cuil im Chellach i foss, O'Mulc. 208 . c.¤ cummaisc of metres using features belonging to different structures ( Murphy Metrics 77 ): cro cumaisc etir randaigecht mbicc ┐ casbairdni (i.e. 73 + 72), IT iii 68 § 9 . cro cummaisc etir randaigecht moir ┐ casbairdne (i.e. 72 + 71 ), § 7 . lethidir c.¤ dernann dil `the hollow', Ériu iv 96.1 . Cf. an c.¤ Logo, RC xii 78 § 69 prob. `some hut or other enclosure in which Lugh put his winnings', n. ethais corp crín c.¤ péne `fold of torment', Imr. Brain 46 .

In n. loc. sruith shenoir Chraoi Caoimhghin, AFM ii 1020.z `St. Kevin's kitchen', n.

(f) socket, hoop (of lance), eye (of needle) etc.: sleg . . . co fethan óir impi o irlond co c.¤ , LU 10665 . líathga mór co tríchait semmand trina c.¤ , TBC-LL² 4488 . lán a glacc . . . da hindsma ┐ da c.¤ (of spear), Acall. 4922 . ? c.¤ trí rinne bodb moslinge, SG 409.10 = AFM i 302.x . gearr do bháoi an cróisin gan chrann, IGT Decl. ex. 577 . co tarla cach snáthat díb hi c.¤ araili, LU 8858 ( FB 65 ). c.¤ snáthaiti, 4882 (TBC). im snathait, .i. set int snaith ina cro, Laws i 152.30 Comm. dul tré ch.¤ shnáthaide, Mk. x 25 .

(g) box, container : trian a cruib glaisne, leth mad coitethe 'vom Waid in crōs (containers, in Vorbereitung) ein Drittel; wenn er gehärtet (fertig) ist, die Hälfte' Stud. in E. Ir. Law 36.12 . .i. [trian] asin glaisin ina cet cru leth . . . .i. as in cru tanaiste no madat hurlam, Laws ii 372.23 Comm . nomhadh na glaisni ... ar a buan ... trian as in chet-chru, ... leth as in chru tanaisi, 'out of the first container … out of the second container' 418.9 Comm. , Celtica xv 5 . iarna minugad co techt a cro, [.i. . . . ina cet cro], 'until it goes into the container' Laws ii 374.2 Comm , Celtica xv 5 . trian iarna cét cotadh .i. isin cru tanuisi, O'D. 303 (H 3.17, 237) .

II hereditary property, inheritance : D. co lín c.¤ , Trip.² 392 . cislir rann fil for crū ?, Ériu i 214.14 . isna hībh crōaibh aile, 215.11 . confoglaither cin iar ndibad ┐ croaibh, O'D. 548 ( H 3.17, 436 ). daer gabla no crai, Laws v 518.18 Comm. nī crō co cōiccir fo cosmailius clīaro, Ériu i 215.y . do chunchid roith croi for Aed . . . .i. delg nos facbad cech rig di aroile, LB 238cb23 . re c.¤ a shean `steading', Ériu xvi 133 § 24 . DDána 74.60 . a shéd craí na dheaghaidh dhuit, IGT Decl. ex. 1629 . re taisgidh is c.¤ carad (of a harp) `relic', Magauran 886 . tairgid cairt ar c.¤ a cinid `land of their family', Ériu iv 224.23 . ? im chrú nochar fhuirigh aonarc, Measgra D. 61.111 (in sense (a), Ed.). Note also crui `cattle', Laws i 214.25 , 298.15 Comm. , crai, iv 26.11 , 12 etc.

In follg. exx. wd. is of doubtful application and/or meaning): turthughadh craoi, Ériu xiii 23.24 . fuidir goible, fuidir chrui, fuidir gola 'der fuidir des Galgens, der fuidir des Bluttodes, der fuidir der Grube' Ir. Recht 65-66 . og na bi fer craidh, O'Curry 2546 ( Eg. 88, 45 (46)d ). ni acair nad caemclai o croib in forais, Laws i 102.y `sheds'. ? lan . . . di cormaim no as co cro(?) . . . lan di as cen cro(?), O'D. 936 ( H 3.17, 658 ). bid croa na trī forus (of saint), ZCP ix 453.9 . is cro timorgne cach aighnedha a arach fri comus n-æi, xii 364.7 . tri cro in tuile (of waves), BB 374a11 (cf. Dinds. 45 ). is ed rosaigh inn ardrígh asin cruid, Ériu i 215.3 . rachoidh sí c.¤ tar comhaidh (untranslated), O'Hara 4105 . cro Grigair gan rath nā rabh (sic leg.) / da minaigh cath 'ga chosnamh, ACL iii 245 § 25 ` house ', Aithd. D. 49.25 . is crō dá sét .i. coimhét, ZCP v 486 § 7 (B. na f.). in c.¤ caem (of willow tree), SG 245.25 . ni thiaghaid feacht nó sluaigheadh acht ar chródh `for pay', Leb. Cert. 96.26 (crod ?).

Compds. With nouns. ? croaithlich torgi fiann, ZCP viii 306.21 . ar chróbhothaibh bochtán `hovels', Keat. i 54.11 . in crobuaile cat[h]a `fold of battle', CCath. 5378 . 'na gcróbhuaile chumhaing (of hell), TSh. 6696 . i ngonaib ┐ i crobuillib baís (1 crú ?), LL 12785 . cróichíor chruinn a déad, Hackett² iv 22 . crō-c[h]līat[h], Corm. Y 371 . conboing catha cróchombág, LU 8352 ( FB 24 ). ag cróinnsmadh a ccraoisech fitting out their spears, Hugh Roe² 224.2 . sin chro-inse (: millsi), Rawl. 164a54 . gus in gcrōmhainnir chatha, Celtica i 117.125 . crotacra . . . .i. tagra . . . do-ghnither i cro airechta, Cóic Con. 60 § 144 n.4 . beit it chróthreibh coitechta `populous household', Leb. Cert.² 158.6 . With adjj. drud re roibhthibh, cúilte cróbhodhbhdha warlike(?), DDána 83.8 . caór catha crobuilnig, ZCP viii 306.15 . a ṡlegha crannremra cródhaingne, Acall. 1553 . a dhá chraoisigh . . . chró-fhairsinge, ML 112.21 . ech . . . coelchos cálethan (leg. crua-) broad-hoofed, LU 8665 ( FB 50 ) = crualethon, Eg. ( IT i 278 n. 18 ). dá craísigh . . . cróremra, CF² 681 . fr isrengad cucu na crusighi crothuilli open- socketed (?), B. Fermoy 77b24 . In n. loc. Cathir Chróḟind, Metr. Dinds. i 28.20 .

3 drenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 drenn or dil.ie/18650

 

n melody (?): drend cuibdius, Forus Foc. § 9 (reading of M) ( Metr. Gl. 10 ). dreann .i. ceol melody, music, a rhyme , P. O'C. who quotes: tēdbhineas ciuil caoine dreann | a ndeas ndeascart Ereann; cf. Keat. ii 1600 ` quickness ' = cach binnius ciuil caine drenn, Lec. 61b35 . teidbhindis ciuil caini teand , BB 42b28 . Cf. dreng gerce, LL 117b4 .

1 tend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tend or dil.ie/40489
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o, ā (1 tendaid, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 198 ).

(a) strong, firm, hard, severe, vigorous: aitteand .i. aiththeand acht (no sech) is áith is teand , Corm. 4 . Of persons: ticfa in tailcend t.¤ , LU 9895 . rī tenn, ZCP viii 119 § 3 . gan bheith teann i dtigh nimhe | ... | ni bhiú I shall not be un-strong in the house of heaven, Dán Dé xiv 20 . cara teann tairise, DDána 7.24 . h-I Shégda fa tenn torad, Hy Fiach. 226.3 . mé dho bheith teann a nadhuigh dhruinge dháirighthe, 2 Cor. x 2 . Of parts of the body: co súilib dessaib tennaib, SR 5555 . tenna a cnis `with stout bodies,' Éigse ii 108 § 2 . modh o fercc bit na suile tenn ` protruding ,' Rosa Angl. 56.15 . Of the earth, places, etc.: o thalmain tinn, SR 143 . Temair t.¤ , ZCP viii 116 § 9 . Of fire: a rruisc ... immar chaera tenda tentide, TBC-LL¹ 6148 . teine t.¤ trēn `strong, mighty fire,' Ériu iii 144 § 9 . Cf. clóidme teanda tenntige, PH 8111 . da nathraigh ... ┐ ruisc gera lasarda leo ┐ siat teanna tenntide, Aen. 489 . Of abstract ideas: is tenn a menma-som firm , Bruchst. i 24 § 54 . toirrsi theann, Metr. Dinds. iii 364.119 . Of the religious life austere: mo chrábud tenn `my severe piety,' BColm. 52.8 . ná bad roth.¤, ná bad lax (of monastic government), Ériu iii 104 § 33 . epscoip tenna ` austere ,' Gorm. July 21 . Various: is t.¤ mo chris, RC ii 113 § 14 . in doman robo t.¤ fort anallana, PH 8125 . día ris mo thuaith tind, LU 10868 . feinnigh cró fa tenn ar toir, LL 394.43 . tūairgnech na tromchloidhimh | bid t.¤ don tslūagh, ZCP viii 212.8 . cluiche tenn `a mischievous game,' Triads 90 . cīsa tenna is tuarustla severely imposed, ZCP iv 237.13 . cidh t.¤ do bērla bladhach boastful , vi 265 § 25 . tabhair mo lann ... | go ccuirinn treasfhaobhar teann | ar a glantaobhaibh `a firm battle-edge,' Studies 1923, 599 § 12 . rug dar n-annsa eachdra thinn, IGT Decl. ex. 857 . maor í Chuinn is teann tobhaigh `is secure of tribute,' TD 10.43 . Mag-uidir ... | ar cach uile as teand dtabaigh, ZCP ii 354.27 . gan tacha tinn `without stiff bargaining,' AFM ii 822.12 . ruathar tenn, Cog. 76.19 . itche thenn, SG 389.21 . gér bha teann an teidhm, ML 8.2 .

Adv. tagra go teann `to make stout stand,' Content. xxviii 58 . ó táthaoi-se astigh go teann `since ye are fast inside,' Ériu i 22.90 . Féis Temrach ... dogníthí in tan sin go tenn ` strictly ,' O'Gr. Cat. 578.22. ór is nár a rád co tenn | muna fédtar a chomall `to speak too stiffly,' SG 107.14 . Cf. cor bris gach oirbi t.¤ co talmuin `clean to the ground,' RC xviii 151.3 .

Compar. ni bai dóere bad teinné, SR 3675 . tenniu a chuindsc[l]iu chaintocud, BDD² 1020 . ua tendi tomhaitheam Tid ... na bacur P., TTebe 1439 . teinde ris in ugdar seoit do beith a laim nech `the author thought it more sure' (Plummer MS notes), H 5.15, 24a ( O'D. 1664 ). ní as tinne ná mo lucht leasa | do-rinne an t-ucht deas-sa ar Dia, DDána 30.9 . With de: tinnide ár spéis id bhuime `my love ... for thy nurse is increased,' Ó Bruad. i 22 . Superl. ? tinnem ruccae ruis sin (name of letter r in Briatharogham of Morann m. Máin), Auraic. 5570 . Cf. tindi rucae, 5572 . an trat bis an re a nenceime ris an ngrein is annsin as mo ┐ as tinne a solus, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.8 . tú an tóir is tinne 'n-a leanmhain, Aithd. D. 97.31 . an tan ba tinne a taobh gheal ` stoutest ,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 4.

(b) With prepositions. t.¤ ar severe on; powerful over: a ógbhadh ... ar ar thinne caomhfhile, DDána 70.17 . teann ar aicme an dá Eoghain `powerful over,' Aithd. D. 15.30 . 's bheith go teann ar thruduiribh `to smite heavily brawlers,' Content. xxiv 18 . 's gan tú teann ar chlannaibh Táil `for you do not impress C. T. (?),' xix 1 . teann ise ar a haradhain `pulls at her rein' (of a horse), Studies 1933, 407 § 15 . comadh teann ar Mhuire me | go mbé a guidhe leam gach laoi importunate (?), Dán Dé ii 25 . gomadh teann ar Mícheál mé, A. Ó Dálaigh ii 8. Cf. xx 13 . t.¤ as confident in, on account of: an chíoch asa teann ar dtagra, DDána 30.1 . an barr asa teann tusa (`the victory of which you are proud'), Content. xxiv 27 . as t'fhocal ní fhuilim teann, Dánta Gr. 88.7 .

(c) Gramm. of letters of the alphabet, including -ll-, -nn-, -rr-, -ng- and unlenited consonants: na cúig connsuine theanna, IGT Introd. 6.3 . an tan teaguimh .n. ┐ .d. no dá .n. dá chéile a ccomhfhocal do-ní .n. teann díobh, 13.14 . beithe teann, duir theann 'unlenited b, unlenited d', Celtica xxvii 59 § 4 . tinne theann, Celtica xxvii 59 § 6 . See also leth compds.

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤adbar: Sefraid ... t. taisig na hAngaili, Ann. Conn. 1375.16 . ¤blad: ar tend-blaid `secure fame,' Metr. Dinds. iv 340.21 . ¤boga: um theann-bhogha ` taut ,' Content. viii 22 . ¤bríg: Cassian tuir co tennbrig, Gorm. Aug. 5 . ¤buille: tennbhuille casúir, IGT Decl. ex. 913 . ¤choir: do cer Tait, tenn-coir nar tim, | do laim R., Leb. Gab.(i) 212.19 . ¤chol: ciarbo thenn-col `a heavy reproach,' Metr. Dinds. iv 224.20 . ¤eire: leó ag tabhairt a dteannoireadh, TD 16.26 . ¤fheidm: 's bhar dteinn-fheidhm d'ualach oruibh, Content. xiv 21 . ¤fhocal: labhair trá do theann-fhocal `your arrogant words,' xxiii 4 . ¤grád: a aicme ar ar dhoirt mo thoil-se a tionnghrádh dil, Hackett vii 5 . ¤guth, Studies 1920, 417.15 . ¤maithe: bá do theannmaithibh Gall Mumhan eisidhe, AFM v 1706.5 . ¤medón: lénti ... co t. traiged dóib, TBC-LL¹ 183 . rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104 § 50. ? ¤nél: fuair a brath ba tennél tair | sa chath re ceinēl Eogain it was a dense cloud in the east, BB 58a44 . Aristarcus tenn-Poil, Gorm. Aug. 4 . ¤ponc: do réir na n-ughdar dtromdha | admhas uile an teann-phonc-sa `this important point,' Content. xvi 159 . ¤rath: amnirt indiu mac Senbath | ar ro scarad re th., LU 1251 . ¤rí: Fland ... | tendrig Fotla feraind, Fél. 6.9 . ? ¤ruidiud: na dinruide .i. na derna tennruidhiudh indligthech `unlawful information,' Laws iii 56.12 Comm. indrud .i. orguin, ut est buirech indrud, ┐ ata tennruidhe[dh] mar sin ` damage ,' O'Dav. 1129. See tinnriud, tinnruide. ¤sáith: im ur dia tumadh ┐ a tennsaith dóib di, Laws ii 150.3 Comm. a teannsaith do na bochtaib `full sufficiency,' iii 20.3 Comm. ¤tech : do thogbháil a teinnteach mbúidh, DDána 93.38 . ¤treise : meic Erca tenn-treise, Gorm. Apr. 19 . ¤uide severe, difficult journey (?) (in Laws in etymological gloss on tuinide) : im tuinide raitig .i. im in tennuide (sic leg.) beiris as in ti dana tech in rot `difficult journey,' Laws i 128.25 Comm. tuinide raitaig .i. ... tenduidi berus in ti dara teg in rot, iv 28.6 Comm. is hí a theandoide ... teacht ōn topur ... conuice a leabaidh féin (sic leg.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 249 . Cf. Fen. 184.27 .

(b) With adjj. ¤aeb: Tirsus t. `austere and beautiful,' Gorm. Jan. 28 . ¤bágach: tigerna tennbhághach, Rel. Celt. ii 168.3 . ¤cháid: Celestinus t., Gorm. Apr. 7 . ¤garg: mo ghort ni treorach tenngharg, BS 86.x . ¤gluair : na h-eist-siu ris na stoccaib tendgluaire Tirrannda, TTebe 1331 . ¤mer: na dtres dtinnmher, O'Gr. Cat. 510.12. ¤mín: Conna tennmín, Gorm. Apr. 12 . ¤mór: Tola tendmor, Mar. 30 . ¤óc: t'Aedoc tarbech t., July 13 . ¤óg: Pancratius tuir thendog, Apr. 3 . ¤roscach: for dírmaib dronaib tendroscachaib, LL 273b12 . ¤sháithech: muinnter ... | d'ócaib dercaib tennsadchib ` firm-fed ,' MacCongl. 39.8 . do gleicc na tarb tennsaiteach, Bodl. Dinds. 28.

(c) With verbs and verbal nouns. ¤doirtid: noco tenndoirtit as na cuir `do not abrogate,' Laws iv 56.17 Comm. ¤fhastaid (ad-suidi): iat rothennfhastsat cach cath `who strictly checked every fight,' Metr. Dinds. iii 12.131 . ¤gabaid : ón tSionainn ... | teinnghéabhaidh go seantuinn `he will seize all land up to,' Studies 1929, 593 § 3 . iar ttechtadh ┐ iar ttendghabhail an tíre, AFM v 1664.18 . ¤goirid: do theannghoir teallach an chígh `the furnace of His breast was heated,' Aithd. D. 63.30 . ¤lenmain: Síol Suibhne ... | ... | dá dteinnleanmhain ní treoir ghearr | i seinleabhraibh eoil Éireann, DDána 102.15 . ¤opad: tennopad in chathaigthe do Achíl, TTr.² 1396 . ¤rith: 'na teinnrioth atá an chruinne, Aithd. D. 98.11 . leig a teinn-reath léd theangaidh `full course,' Content. x 1.

2 tend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 tend or dil.ie/40490
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o IGT Decl. § 63.

I

(a) strength, severity, force: ní t.¤ forngari dlegar dosom forsuidiiu `he should not lay upon such persons strict injunctions,' Mon. Tall. 160.20 . ni geba tuaignim ri tenn thou wilt not win vaulted Heaven for all thy effort (?), Bruchst. i 30 § 67 . Cf. DDána 37.40 . bai dias dib co n-ilar t.¤ | rogabsad rigi nEreand, BB 42b22 . mairg Troianu ara tairsitis t.¤ , Aen. 189 . o na tarraidh Aenias t.¤ for Tuirnn `did not get home an attack on,' 3077 . doberat t.¤ comraic do A., TTr.² 509 . cusan tenn ┐ cusan tairisi ... ro bui ic P. `strength,' CCath. 5770 . meabhaidh maidhm forra gusan tenn ┐ gusan tairisiomh baoi leo in spite of their strength, Hugh Roe 156.27 .

(b) hardship, stress, difficulty; battle (?): cingid dar firu in cach tind (? battle), LU 3830 . ni thabair a thraigid fri t.¤ | na dingaib dfheraib h-Erend, TBC-LL¹ 1637 . in trath fa t.¤ nir bo thim `when there was battle he was not feeble,' Ériu v 244.206 . fúar mór t.¤ sech cech n-erlam, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 3 . trēn ra cach tenn in triar, Rawl. 138a10 . toirbheartus do thuair teann `a gift that boded hardship,' Studies 1921, 258 § 6 . mairg ..., tárla idir an dá theann sin (i.e. wind and sea), ML 48.5 .

(c) warrior: t.¤ .i. laech, LU 457 . a thind ┐ a threnfhir, TTr. 827 . a t.¤ ┐ a trenfer .i. Hectoir, 2088 .

(d) In phrases. i t.¤ fri pressed against: ba he dichracht in teichid commitis i teand re grian ... in t[sh]rotha aca falach `pressing against the gravel,' TTebe 3514 . Cf. co torchair ┐ t.¤ a droma re lar `with the breadth of his back on the ground,' 3143 . ōs do chind cen chleith robói i tind fri cloich `she was in travail against a stone,' PRIA iii 3rd. ser. 546 § 6 (1893-6) . le t.¤ by dint of: le teann doilbhthe draoigheachta, GJ iii 122a42 . t.¤ fri (i) t.¤ force against force, conflict, a match for: ait a tarad t.¤ ri tenn `where force was brought against force,' Ériu v 246.242 . ní cluchi mad tind ri tuind (? leg. tind), ix 48 § 24 . da tuca dún t.¤ fri t.¤ , CRR 54.16 . ris na ríoghaibh uaibh do b'fhearr | ódchí ar mbeith-ne teann re teann `that we can match your best kings,' Content. v 140 . nirb áil don rig ┐ don rigain cusa rancaibair tullem ecraiti frib a tind hi t.¤ , LU 8980 ( FB 73 ). mairg tochras fri clerchib cell, | mairg doni riu t.¤ i t.¤ , YBL 173a14 . an chalann chriadh teann i dteann | 's an t-anam riamh 'na dhá rann ` in opposition ,' Dán Dé xxiii 36 . mairg re mbiadh do theann i dteann `the man with whom thy power conflicts,' Aithd. D. 5.15 . ba (i.e. Brian) t.¤ iar t.¤ `he was valour after valour,' Cog. 100.24 .

II

(a) power, authority: tugadh dhi teann an tíre power over, Aithd. D. 11.32 . fiche bliadhain ... | d'Fhiacha Fh. i dteann, Content. xxx 11 . bean lér toibhgheadh teann a fir, A. Ó Dálaigh iii 2. theacht i dteann `growth in power,' Studies 1939, 635 § 26 . ní bhiadh teann na nGall dár bhfógradh, ITS iii 182.8 (1st ed.). t.¤ ar power, authority over: teann na hóighe ar eidhre nDé, Aithd. D. 63.6 . ro sir se t.¤ ┐ tigernus ar Mac nDiarmata, Ann. Conn. 1315.7 . is maith an teann dam ar do Dhia | bheith ameasg a chliar `it is a good claim for me on thy God,' Oss. iv 60.9 . Criomhthann ... fuair teann | ar iaith Alban is Éireann `swayed the lands ...,' Keat. ii 5727 . gaibid t.¤ (ar, i) gains power, authority over, in (a country): orra do ghabh Tuathal teann, Content. v 102 . nír ghabh nert na tenn innti, AU ii 316.3 . loscthi mora do denam doib, ┐ nir gabsat do thenn is tir acht mad sin nama, Ann. Conn. 1276.2 . do gab tenn forra gan a indisin do neoch `he charged them to tell no one,' Celt. Rev. ii 302.y . nir gabatar tenn ar in turas sin `prevailed not,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 134.x .

(b) t.¤ as confidence, trust, pride in: ionnus nach cóir déanamh tinn | as roinn Eireamhóin d'Éirinn, Content. v 15 . déanamh teinn | ... a beathaidh Fhéidhlim, vi 247 . mó ar dteann as a thrócaire, PBocht 17.6 . nách cóir | teann as glóir dá méid, Dánta Gr. 79.4 . Cf. i gcriaidh ní cóir teann, DDána 8.7 . ? To this: ar anumhla téid mo th.¤ | ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim stubbornness, obstinacy (?), IGT Decl. ex. 311.

III Various: nocho chuirther i cend Ailig t.¤ acht Temair ` stronghold ,' Metr. Dinds. iv 114.85 . tabair tenna ┐ trebaire damsa guarantees and sureties (for a promise), LB 116a5 . is ed fa t.¤ ag T. `this was the intention T. had,' TTebe 1038 . ní ar slāinti chúaidh dóibh an feolmhach sin, 's gan tenn arāin aca when they had no bread to go with it (?), Cín Lae Ó Meall. 29.27 . cuir tenn fo bragaid an eich, ┐ ligedh cuisli cham bis a cois na sul 'put a support (? a tourniquet) around the horse’s neck ' Celtica ii 46 § 6 = [cuir] raod ecin go tenn fa brágit an eich, ┐ ligther cuisle cam bis a cois na sul, 34 § 6 .

? Here also: cedna toissech tricheim tenn | reia macaibh Miled mortenn `the first chief who lighted a blaze,' Bodl. Dinds. 22 . 's truagh nach léir damh a beanna | gidh gnáth a dteanna dearga ` fire, beacon ' (Gloss.), Keat. Poems 12 . Cf. tendál.

1 traig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 traig or dil.ie/41569
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: traigid, traig, troiged, troighthe, traigid, traigid, traighe, traigthe, troigthi, traigthe, traiged, traigh, traigthib, Troigleathan

n t, f. IGT Decl. § 191 . a s. traigid, Wb. 23c4 . LU 6693 . traig, Sg. 130b2 . LU 1843 . SR 6587 . g s. troiged, Laws iv 214.18 Comm. troighthe, Acts vii 5 . d s. traigid, O'Curry 252 ( H 3.18, 146 ). n p. traigid, Manners and Customs iii 508.6 . LU 7204 . traighe, Laws iv 112.4 . traigthe, 112.3 . troigthi, 76.12 Comm. a p. traigthe, LU 4498 . g p. traiged, LU 2787 . traigh, Anecd. iii 10.5 . d p. traigthib, Sg. 120b4 . See ZCP vi 410.

I

(a) the human foot (occas. also of animals): t.¤ a tractu, vel quasi ter-rig .i. rig terram, ar isī benas fri lār, Corm. Y 1235 . imin bolg bis fo peis fo traigh, Laws i 152.12 Comm. Saliusa teand co t.¤ from head to foot, Fél.² cxxxv 1 . cid ríagail fo-certa forsna traigthib though the feet were measured, BDD² 32 . sléchtaid in clérech for díb traigthib ind nóeb `the cleric prostrated himself before the feet of the saint,' Ériu ii 204.9 .

(b) step: troigh do-chuaidh 'n-ar gcoinneine `he stepped forward to reach us,' Aithd. D. 59.3 . an chríoch ḟionnsa ón héigin troigh `from which one must go,' TD 41.18 . dá ndeachadh sé tarsa troigh `if A odh take precedence of them,' Aithd. D. 18.21 . troigh do bharr ar a bhronnadh `a step even beyond that generosity,' Studies 1939, 98 § 6 .

(c) In phrase do-léici traigid (do, ré n-) retires, yields, gives ground (to): ni tarlicid traigid seodapostolis `yield ye not pseudo-apostolis,' Wb. 23c4 . teilc traigid dom, LU 6693 . is and sin dolléci Cu Chulaind traigid for culu re Fergus, 6695 . Cf. ni rucus t.¤ techid re n-oenfher, TBC-LL¹ 3187 . Echaid | nach dechaid traighid madma, SG 104.13 . See teiched.

II

(a) foot as measure of length. See Ériu ix 157 - 8 , ZCP xiv 358 . tri traighe a leithead, Laws iv 112.4 . sé troighthi ina hairde, no da dorn déc, 76.21 Comm. .vii. fichit traiged di thraigthib ... métt a dúne, Críth G. 567 . da dorn a traigid—sé traigthi i ndeisceim, O'Curry 252 ( H 3.18, 146 ). seacht dtroighe mo thír dhúthaigh (i.e. the grave), PBocht 21.1 . Metr.: t.¤ cethargarait, `a foot of four short syllables,' Sg. 7b13 . dofóichred t.¤ ṅécmailt and `it would introduce an unwonted foot there,' 130b2 . sillab for deib traigthib, 120b4 . traigid comamserda comfodlaide, Goid. 101.44 . ata in tráigh conid armidetu demin inna sillab `the foot is a definite counting of the syllables,' Auraic. 1411 . Cf. 771 .

(b) a division of land (?): críchadh gach coigidh ... | ota traighidh cu trom-tuaith, BB 351b9 ( Metr. Dinds. i 14.24 ). o baile go traighidh do thír, AFM i 118.1 . See 2 trogan.

Compds. ¤airshnám treading water (?): acc snámh ar ccúl ┐ acc troigharshnámh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 143.26 . ic traigirsnám, Acall. 3213 . ¤éscaid nimble-footed . As subst.: eththar nach t. húaib isin tír, BDD² 435 . tanic co tricc trén t., TTr. 2019 . fa troighéasgaidh Cú an chleitín, DDána 117.32 . ¤lesc slow-footed: ná bí troighleasg, TD 2.3 . ¤lethan broad-footed: ind oinchosaig .i. in traiglethain, Goid. 71.3 . eachlach ... t. atmar, YBL 177a33 . eclach ... thaebthana t., BB 257b9 . As n. pr. Troigleathan mac Gairbh, CF 331 . ¤már large-footed, large-hooved: indara hech ... túagmar traigmar, LU 6490 . ? Tuirbi tragmar athair Gobain Saeir, BB 408b17 = athair Gobhain Tuirmi treagmhar, Ériu x 77 § 17 = trágmar, Metr. Dinds. iv 226.7 . ¤shnám treading water (?): dorindset culsnam ┐ taebsnam ┐ traigedsnám and, Acall. 7228 v.l.

túarcon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. túarcon or dil.ie/42222

 

Forms: tuargaint, tuarcun, tuairgne, tuaircne, tuargain, tuairgin

n ā, f. (u, f., Stokes, KZ xxviii 291 ). vn. of do-fúairc. In Mod. Ir. also tuargaint.

(a) grinding, wearing away (lit. and fig.): huan tuarcain .i. hua détnaig a fiaclae frialailiu gl. attritu dentium, Ml. 56d4 . arin tuarcain gl. pro ualida attritione ossa posuit (comm. on non est pax ossibus meis), 58a6 . tuarcnae na m[bocht] `of the grinding of the poor,' 29b9 . hua tuarcain gl. salutationem nostram hostium atritione perficit, 84c22 . huan tuarcain gl. impiarum gentium attritione gloriosus, 129b11 . Hence in O. Ir. Glosses trouble, sorrow: tuarcun gl. tribulatio, Wb. 1c19 . huan tuarcain gl. multa tristitia, Ml. 118b4 .

(b) grinding or threshing corn, scutching flax: is bés leosom in daim do thúarcuin ind arbe `to tread out the corn,' Wb. 10d6 . tuarcain do-fuaircitis inna grán `the grains used to be crushed by pounding,' Sg. 184b3 . miach cruaid ... la tuarcain sil, Fél. xxiv § 6 . cruadugad arba, ┐ tuargain isin tig ` thrashing ,' Laws v 164.1 Comm. slán n[a] trí cét tuairgne is in aith, no na trí cétbleithe isin muilinn, O'D. 589 ( H 3.17, 447 ) = na tri cét tuaircthi, O'D. 2279 ( Rawl. B 506, 25a ). dairt cacha bleithe, no cacha tuaircne co ruice cúic dairte déc, O'D. 1679 ( H 5.15, 28b ). tuairgne, tuaircne, tuargain `a batch or charge of a kiln ,' O'Don. Suppl. teretorium (= tritura) tuairgin, Ir. Gl. 722 . rochennaig Duid oorna | a hithlaind tuaircni orba, Rawl. 79a10 . a scuapaib cen thuargain `in sheaves without being scutched' (of flax), Laws ii 374.5 Comm. (cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 37 ). In sobriquet: Sust ingen Trentuairgne, Anecd. ii 56.6 .

(c) hammering (in a forge): fogur na ngoband oc tuarcain brotha forsind inneoin, LU 1866 . d'ordaibh troma do thuairgthe | mé gurb inneoin iombuailte, Studies 1931, 661 § 13 . le h-ordaibh ... gabann ar thindib ... 'gá trentuargain, MR 238.8 . is eadh is fuaradh do ghiolla an ghabhann, ... a chor do thuargain an iarainn, TSh. 6209.

(d) In general hammering, beating, smiting, clashing: cia con lindfadar in n-óchain mo phopa Chonchobair do thuarggain amlaid-seo ?, TBC-LL¹ 6030 . ní assu a tūarcon oldás a imchomét `zerschmettern,' ZCP xi 84 § 33 . oca tuarcain ... la drongaib na ndemna, LU 2243 . an bic ... manip dom thūarcain fo chētóir, Sc.M² 13 (minap dom tuarcain ticce, Eg.). ba teand tuargain tuag for trenfheraib na Pers, Alex. 356 . rabaí slat ┐ siriud ┐ sirthuarcon for a lár ica togail (Troy), TTr. 562 . comtuarcaint ... na ndemhan ... ac sirtuairgaint ... na n-anman[n], RC xxviii 320 § 41 . a tuarcain o shondaib co mtís léir a cnámu, PH 1394 . co mbid cach díb oc tuarcain a chind ... for a cheiliu, Ériu iv 28.1 . ar uamhain a bidhbad da tuargain [i]na diaidh `for fear of his foeman's attack behind him,' CCath. 2315 . fri tuarcain lureach, Cog. 162.11 . mar bud nert srotha go sir-tuargain, MR 232.6 . rogabsat tuargaint tenedh teinnesnech ar aroile `a fiery, fierce attack,' ZCP vi 41.21 . tuarcain f[h]erdha ... do bēimennuib, ML² 1765 . ag tolladh ┐ ag tuargain arthraigh anma an duine, TSh. 2055 . amhail bhíd tonna ... ag tuargain a chéile san muir, 7466 .

(e) Of the treatment of wounds cleaning, rinsing, bathing with water (?): rucsatar leo é go glassib ┐ go aibnib C. M., do thuargain ┐ do nige a chneda ┐ a chrechta, TBC-LL¹ 4208 = do īcc ┐ būalad a crēcht do uscib C., TBC-I¹ 2737.