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anechtair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anechtair or dil.ie/3534

ind ( an + echtair, GOI § 483 ). Adv. from outside: ma do ti eiseart co treabaire lais a nechtair, Laws iv 128.11 (`der von auswärts zu seinem Land zurückkehrt', Bürgschaft 84 ). With idea of motion much reduced outside: amal tegdais foratochar deglí a.¤ ┐ is fás a inchrud ammedón, Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485.21 ). roghabhastair uime thairis sin amuigh a neachtair lúireach throm, ML 112.3 . In combination with prepp. fri . . . a.¤ : donaib naimtib bite frie a.¤ `to the enemies who are outside it (the tabernacle)', Ml. 40c15 . a mbaí C. fri les anechtar, Trip.² 1467 . ardrach forru fría tír anechtar, 2684 . ro buí airther láime din claideb fria trúaill a.¤ outside its sheath, BDD² 1005 . fria chend a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1268 . a leth i teinid ┐ a leth fri teinidh annechtair, Ériu xi 46.4 . unsea ra dún anair a.¤ , MU² 526 . foscichret i crandchor íarum. Fáicebthair Lugaid fris a.¤ `L. will be left out of the chance', RC xiii 444 § 24 . ni fil fri hiarraith a.¤ `something in addition to', Laws ii 170.8 . diablad do frisin re sin fil fris a.¤ `the time (during which) it has been taken away from him', v 248.32 Comm. di . . . a.¤ : robdar édghadha dia ccorpaibh aineachtair, AFM vi 1918.9 . for (ar) . . . a.¤ : tromluirech . . . for sidhe a.¤ `outside that', Stair Erc. 244 . Fig. cardes sliasta Medba air sin a.¤ and M.'s friendship as well, TBC-LL¹ 108 .

As quasi-adj. with substantives: ind oís anechtir `the outland folk', Wb. 16d12 . intan mbís rí a.¤ leis inna thúaith, Críth G. 561 . a fot fri dún . . . a fot anechtair on the side nearest the `dún', on the outside (of a rampart), 572 . athgabail ambui a.¤ , Laws v 260.y . in gilla turusa . . . .i. fer a.¤ foas aen aidchid lat, i 160.y Comm. ind óic annechtair donnáncatar, TBFr. 139 . flaith coṅgbála co slúagaib a.¤ , ZCP xi 86 § 44 .

See díanechtair.

anfann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfann or dil.ie/3559

Forms: anbann, anmann

adj (2 fann). Also anbann, anmann.

(a) very weak, feeble: teach in duine nertmair . . .teach in duine anmaind, O'Curry 562 (H 3.18, 280). oc slait brait sloig . . . anbaind na nÍudaide, LB 157a16 . ag aos anffand anarrachta an tíre, AFM v 1664.21 . sluaghadh anbhfann (: anmann), TD 16.37 . é anbonn ó ṡiled (sic leg.) a fola, Fianaig. 98.12 . anḟand a tāeb / tabram dar sāer in soitheach-sa its sides are weak, let us bring this vessel to our Wright (of the body), ACL iii 234 § 4 . ar it anmand cluithe (= clōithe) cath . . . `since thou art weak in winning battles', ZCP iii 204.5 . ōgh anbann anaesmur `tender youth', vi 48.22 . cuirp anmanna, Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.13 . aran anmfann eórna, Études Celt. i 86.15 . teine do cur a cend teinidh ┐ an condum do beith anmann (debilibus), Rosa Angl. 116.8 . Compar. combad anbainde iat de, LB 144a3 . ōs é rob anmainne isin cathugudh since he was the weaker . . ., ZCP vi 61.19 . Adv. roghab reme iartain co h-anfand co M., RC xiii 60 § 55 . lodsam co scíth anfand ass, LL 207a48 .

As subst.: nos bered in tíí ba tresi dib a chuit on anbhánd, LB 155b36 . noshoerad na bochtu ┐ na ha[n]mhfhanna, Lism. L. 4890 . do chrechadh thrōgh is anmḟand, ZCP xii 392.17 .

(b) sad, dejected. Adv. do bi sisi co hanbann (moestissime), Smaointe B. Chr. 4545 . ag feithemh a celi co hanbhann, 4624 .

Bel(l)taine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Bel(l)taine or dil.ie/5631
Last Revised: 2013

n Appar. io, m. or n. in Lament 10 cited below, but f. in later lang. `the month of the beacon-fire', Pokorny, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 134 ; see also Études Celt. vi 65. time of the beginning of summer ; May ; first of May : belltaine .i. beil-tine .i. tene bil, Corm. Y 122. O'Mulc. 150. Note further Bil .i. o Biel .i. dia idal, 149 . nó co beldine ' diu . . . doaselbti dine gacha ceathra for seilb Beil. Beldine iarum bel-dine, dine cecha cethrai, ZCP iii 246.4 , 6 (Tochm. Emire). is dé roinn nobid for an mpliadain and .i. in samrad (sic leg.) o beltine co samfuin ┐ in gemred o samfuin co beltine, 245.26 , 27 . ón teinidh sin do-níthí i n-onóir do Bhéil ghairmthear Bealltaine don fhéil uasail ar a bhfuil lá an dá apstal mar atá Pilip ┐ Seamus; Bealltaine .i. Béilteine nó teine Bhéil, Keat. ii 3833. i mbelltaine `in May', Laws i 132.13 Comm. cus na belltanaib bida nesom `to the next May-days', ii 390.20 . ó belltaine co belltaine, iii 142.19 Comm. an treas lá do mhí na bealtuine, ZCP i 118.22 . gort i mbrāen mbelltaini a field in a May shower, ACL iii 238 § 5 ( Aithd. D. 80.5 ). braen na Bealltaine, Stair Erc. 2104. ada buada belltaine: / coirm, mecoin, suabais serig, Hib. Min. 49.4 . it falte na hingina / o thic doib co beltene (: sentane) `Mayday', Lament 10 (see note). la ria mBhealltaini `on the eve of May Day', Ann. Inisf. 1230.1 . imm lóei belltaine, LB 101 marg. inf. In n. pr. Gilla Crist Húa Mael-belltaine, RC xviii 191.14 (Tig.).

bíathad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíathad or dil.ie/5835

u, m. vn. of 1 bíathaid. act of feeding; maintaining: amal as toisc fri biathad na forcitlaide `to support the teachers', Wb. 31d17 . do biathad bocht, Thes. ii 334.14 . is becc an bolcg-sa . . . ┐ is doilig rí do bíathad de, BColm. 60.12 . basa brugaid bíata dám (rhet.) a hospitaller providing food for companies, Fing. R. 496. fer cech n-aidchi dia mbiathad . . . in fer toesech in biatta, Ériu iv 26.3 , 4 . é féin do bhiathadh do bhiadhaibh séimhe soineamhla, TSh. 561. ag biathadh na gcloch do bhíodh san teinidh orra plying the (cooking) stones with them (sc. pieces of meat), Keat. ii 5109. Fig. in sisma . . . do biathad itir na saorchlanna `to nourish this . . . schism', Caithr. Thoirdh. 9. 24 . is granna duit beth gom brath ┐ gom bíathadh `baiting or luring me' (Plummer MS. notes), BS 60.20 .

Legal: leth a chinad immurgu fair ar biathad ut est: [bera] fiachu leptha for nech biathas [bid]baid (of liability incurred for maintaining an outlaw), ZCP xv 360.23 (Caratnia 45 Comm.). biathad ┐ methad feeding (swineherds) and . . . fattening (pigs) (of work performed by woman or housewife, see Thurn., Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34 ), Laws ii 366.20 .

Feeding, refection, of the obligatory provision of food for the stranger and his `company' on a journey; the particular foodstuffs to be provided and number of accompanying persons entitled to maintenance depended on the status of the visitor , see Críth G. p. 76. (of the `ócaire') bíathad deise dó di as ┐ grús nó arbaimm; ní dlig imb, Críth G. 115. is a lín bíata bís lín for coí, 400 . (of servile debtors) na dlegait biathad acht bochtan, no urchaelan, no bairgen huasal laithe, cona handlonn, Laws i 106.1 . uair dlegar dona gradaib flatha biatha gin ímcomarc `the chieftain grades are bound to entertain without asking' (i.e. without questioning those who seek sanctuary), iv 263.6 .

Food-rent which a nobleman or landowner was entitled to from a tenant or base client in return for a fief , see Críth G. loc. cit. refection for the fief i.e. annual payment-in-kind (Thurneysen), ZCP xiv 336 ; refection as a legal due from tenants, subjects, etc. to the chief, the amount and periods being fixed by law or custom or agreement, Plummer MS. notes. See also Études Celt. xii 514. biathad airech, Laws i 122.11 .i. na ngrad flatha, do neoch is flath cetgiallna, ar aine . . . .i. o ceilib na n-airech `the food-tribute of a chieftain . . . it has a stay of one day', 126.24 - 25 Comm. b.¤ dá ráithi ó ríg Cruachan dó-som (of the king of Cashel on visitation to vassal states), Leb. Cert.² 34. císa . . . bésa ┐ biata ríg Temrach, 1469 . ní dlegar do Ūib Gusān . . . bīathad ríg Midi `to provision', BColm. 64.20 . biathadh aidedh tuaithi na duna, Laws iv 18.9 Comm. rotbía tír lind cen chís, cen biathad cen ṡlóged, Ériu iii 140.17 . a chuairt-sean ┐ a aimsear bhiadhta orra, Keat. iii 2636 . biadhadh bocht is nocht, Keat. Poems 1411.

b.¤ grinde, crinde baptismal refection (?): caite in ḟled deoda . . . biathad grinde (no c written over g-, MS.), glossed: biad cretme .i. bathais .i. log in baistithi, SM Facs. 47b17 ( Laws iii 18.18 ) = biathad crinne .i. logh na baisti in tan is im linn ┐ im biadh doberar, O'Dav. 504.

bocaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bocaid or dil.ie/6226
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bocad, bogtha

v (1 boc)

I

(a) softens, makes soft: topur ro flíuchadh ┐ ro bocadh uili dreach ín talman moistened and softened, BB 16a12 . gur boccadh an magh mor sin fo chosaib Chéin, Hy Maine 12.11 . cutem mollit . . . .i. . . . bogaidh . . . an croiceann, 23 K 42 , 69.20 . gab picc ┐ bocc itir do meruibh hi re cois teinidh , Rosa Angl. 118.3 . in tan gabtar in fín a cainndiacht ro moir . . . bogaidh na feithi, O'Gr. Cat. 215.13. Phon. devoices : B[h]atraig. Uath bogas in beithi fil and, ar ni bi p isin Gaedilc `it is (Ogam) h that softens the b ', Auraic. 1271. bogaidh sí (sc. the letter s) .b. ┐ .d. ┐ .g. ┐ .dh. ┐ .th. roimpe, ┐ crúadhuighidh .dh. ┐ .th. na díaigh, IGT Introd. § 30.2 .

(b) moves ; shakes (trans.): dobhog ┐ domhílaithridh an taitheach é féin dochum na deabhtha sin `moved', Ériu v 182.9 . bocais in carpat imme he hurled the chariot about, TBC-LL¹ 1127. ? inti nad airoemath flaith Temrach, conocbath in carpat fris conachm[b]oceth so that he could not move it, Ériu vi 134.7 (see Mod. Lang. Notes 1943, 33 ). ra-boc ┐ ra-bertaig hí `waved and brandished it' (a spear), CRR 51. bocgais ┐ bertnaigis . . . na harmu, TBC-LL¹ 1083. boccaid immacūairt hí `twirls it about' (a crozier), BColm. 52. 13 . nara mill damsa an mill si ma bogthar hi gan ced mill ar a mbí ulcha ga mboccadh le `may this cheek be not mine own if it move' (?) (of a chief who desires more company at dinner), L. Chl. S. 32. Med. boctur an medon le neithibh bogtacha `move the bowels', Rosa Angl. 60.17 .

With refl. inf. pron. boasts : nípad ro[mór] notboctha `thou shouldst not boast overmuch', Wb. 5b32 . Plummer MS. notes suggests infl. of Lat. se iactare, but cf. constr. with moídid (maeth), moídid (a) ff., maeth.

II moves ; shakes (intrans.): (rhet.) boccit cuillte woods toss (?), LU 5486 (TBC) = b.¤ culter, TBC-I¹ 1007. ro bog ┐ ro bertnaigh coro mebatar uamanna na ccoilcech, TBC St. 107 . ro boccsat na turida ┐ na colbada . . . oc timna ceilebarta doib, BB 443a42 . bog liom-sa ! a chailín dheas `fly with me', Hard. i 216.6 .

Vn. bocad. Part. gan bheithe bogtha ( = p ?) do rádha, IGT Introd. § 1.8 .

breóad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breóad or dil.ie/6726

Forms: brëud, breód, breódud, breud

n earlier brëud u and o, m. Vn. of *breóaid. Later breód, breódud (breóg-). breud (disyll.), SR 879.

(a) act of burning: a teinidh brātha breoïd (deoïd), Ériu iii 30 § 11. a robhriudh, § 14 v.l. ar robo torrach hi ┐ asbert fria muntir a breoad ┐ arai nir lam a mmudugud fri Cond, LU 3186 ( RC ii 90.8 ). nó lastais . . . na [sen]longa lasamna 'arna mbréo[ad] do pic ┐ do geir[id] ┐ do céir `aflame with pitch, etc.', CCath. 2143. deich ccéd etir bhreodh ┐ mhudhucchadh ro marbhadh and `by wounding' (burning?), AFM i 510.22 = eidir braid, CS 162.4 .

(b) act of enfeebling, crushing, injuring. Cf. brúd (bruüd) with similar meanings: 'ar mbeith da bhrigh chorparda 'arna breoghadh `being crushed', BNnÉ 158 § 11 . bruic . . . ┐ míolta . . . muige arna móirbhreogad (by the savaging of hounds), SG 307.29 . isna teidhmibh troma . . . lé ndéantur an duine do bhreódh leis, TSh. 2405. an briseadh ┐ an breódh . . . do-bheirid daosgarshluagh . . . an diabhail ar na hanmaibh damanta, 6261 . do briseadh an chos . . . / is níor bh'iongnadh a breodh, Keat. Poems 1400.

Compd. is iomdha gleacaidhe is gaiscidheach . . . / tháinig díobh do chlaoidhe 's do bhreódhghoin who came away . . . sorely wounded from them, Hackett xxvi 56 .

cuisne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuisne or dil.ie/13710

Forms: coisne, -e, -eda

n Also coisne. c.¤ m. n p. -e, -eda, IGT Decl. § 2 (39.31) . frost, rime, ice : in coisne .i. in reod, LB 240a67 = ACC 133 . sioc, oighre, readh, c.¤ , Eg. Gl. 532 . coisne mor ┐ siccet `great ice and frost', AU i 364.16 . fuardhacht an cusne `of the hoar frost', Ir. Astr. Tr. 14.10 . an c.¤ = the ice, Job xxxviii 29 . sgéal na gcuisneadh . . . / a n-adhaint . . . gan teinidh `the icicles blazing, etc.' (miracle of Patrick), PBocht 10.47 . amhail bhuidéal i gc.¤ = in pruina ( Psalms cxviii 83 ), TSh. 3006 . oighreadh nó c.¤ , Eochairsg. 93.24 . do sheasc a huisce le c.¤ na spéire, O'Rah. 8.38 . c.¤ do bhí ris gach mbior / don fhuil-se na dtrí dtairrngead, Dán Dé xx 35 . an eangbhaile ar hoileadh í / . . . fáth a c.¤ Cáit `torpid chill occasioned by the loss of C.', Ó Bruad. ii 126.15 . With defining gen.: do bisib eaga (.i. do cuisni heighri), Trip. xlvii 26 . cuisni bráoin hoar-frost(?), IGT Decl. ex. 26 . Attrib. gen. frosty, frozen: fa gnáithe i n-as c.¤ an chos, DDána 79.28 . geimhle ch.¤ a chorrghlac icy manacles, Bard. P. 29.17 . do tsín ch.¤ , ZCP ii 340.34 . Cf. cuisse.

5 dar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 dar or dil.ie/14631

Mid.-Ir. inf. pron. 1 pl.: rodarsaor Día ón teinidh , SG 22. 36 .

dígbálach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígbálach or dil.ie/16306

adj o,ā (dígbál) hurtful, injurious, damaging: ? naomhadha dearg díoghbhálach do na deágh-fhearaibh, ML 74 . díoghbhálach do chách, Donlevy 428 . teinidh dhíoghbhálach a consuming fire, Deuteronomy iv 24 . asé [an bás] an pongc díoghbhálach guasachtach, Ó Héodhusa 124 . forsin ndruing díobhálaigh doedranda sin, SG 340 . a n-esláintib digbalacha ( wasting?), 23 F 19, 4vb22 . Suffering harm, damaged: compar. robadh díoghbhálaighi iad fein ag filleadh dóibh iná an gobernóir they suffered more damage than the governor, AFM vi 1912 . Penurious, parsimonious (?) (cf. dígbál (b)): nemdigbalach (trans. prodigus), O'Gr. Cat. 238 . dighbalach um fiachaib d'íc, O'Curry 2627 ( Eg. 88, 53 (54)c ).

do-srenga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-srenga or dil.ie/18480
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: da-srenga, dosrenga, dosreggat, ndo-sreng, tairrng-, tarngid, tarraing, tarrgid, tairngid, tairgiter, tairgitir, tairngithir, tarraing

v (* to-sreng-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 637 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. da-srenga, Mon. Tall. 150.28 . LU 6023 = TBC-I¹ 1556 . dosrenga, Corm. Y 1097 . 3 pl. dosreggat, Goid. 71 . Pret. 3 s. a ndo-sreng , RC xxv 344.6 . Later as simple vb., stem tairrng- (tairng-, tarng-), indic. pres. 3 s. tarngid, TBC-LL¹ 2188 ; pret. tarraing. Not infreq. written tair(r)g-; cf. ipv. 2 pl. tarrgid, FA 19 ( LU 2127 ) = tairngid, LB ; pass. tairgiter, Laws iv 168.7 Comm. , tairgitir, 208.3 , tairngithir, 1 .

Vn. tarraing.

I Trans. draws, drags, pulls (nearly always of motion towards agent).

(a) Without prep. or adv.; dosrenga a fortgae ┐ a forgaimniu robādar fo Coinchulaind draws away , TBC-I¹ 636 . tairrngios in fer mór int agastar do bí rena ech, SG 261 . tarraing da lāmh gen bes nī dot' algas agud draw back thy hand, 23 P 10, 153va7 . cunas-tairṅgend feib rothairṅged a comlín de bolgánaib belca, MU² 665 . ar son co tairnccenn an t-adhamus an t-iarann, Maund. 144 .

Folld. by various prepp.: fornesa sleig chuillind hi cois C. Dosrenga (dasrenga, LU) ass pulls it out, TBC-I¹ 1556 . tarngid C. in sleig . . . assa fremaib, TBC-LL¹ 2188 = tairrngidh, St. notairrngedh d'a méraib a sūile a cloiccnib, CCath. 3976 . dussreanga [Satan] in ainim asin curp, Ériu v 122 . as tir-si dosrengad (leg. dosrengat) slad an sluag sedlach are dragging plunder, Anecd. i 59 . rolingsid isin teinidh ┐ rothearnngsid C. leo as, RC xxxiv 320 . do tharraing an ceann d'a cholainn tore the head off his body, CF 222 . tairrngidh in rón in fer tar in bhfairrce (= traxit secum virum), Lat. Lives 85 . rotharraing ina dhiaigh é tar an ccill amach, BS 4 . nostairnged tria ladraib a choss ┐ a lám, TBC-LL¹ 1408 . rap . . . nach n-anmann dosrenga chugae, ut sunt sues (contrasted with animals which butt), Corm. Y 1097 = ṡrengas, LB. intan dosreng in sleig a dochum, Expuls. 2 . manum retrahe .i. tarruing do lámh chughatt (i.e. abstain from further food), O'Gr. Cat. 263 . tairrngidh in curach cuice allus an tsnaithe, RC x 68 . co rothair[r]ṅgiset chucu in mboin . . . allus a herbuill, RC xvi 270 . dosrengait an t-anfad . . . co bord na saebhcoire the storm drags them to the edge of the whirlpool, ZCP x 411 . amal ataid puil na srona aga tarraing cum a ceile (i.e. contracting), 23 P 10, 1b42 . anuair smuaintighes neach raed co domhain . . . ní tairnginn int aer cugi re seal fada ┐ tairrngidh 'na diaigh aeinfheacht amain co romor he does not draw breath for a long while and then draws a deep breath, 5b1 . rig a leas an t-aer fuar do tarraing cugi to inhale, 5a41 ; cf. 3b28 . co motairrngend suas . . . in lia sain co na drolaibh draws up, BB 394b41 . mar thairringeas an ghrian gheal | an t-uisce suas ar sileadh, Arch. Hib. i 99 .

With pers. form of LA ref. to subj.: tarrgid (tairngid, LB) lib . . . in n-anmain n-écraibdig-sea, FA § 19 . co tairrnget leo in anmain i fúdomain ifirnd, § 30 LB. rotarraing in n-apach ina diaidh le dragged the corpse after her, CCath. 3976 . rotharrangsat leo dochum in ethair é, SG 55 . do tharruing Tú leat (sic leg.) do dhíbhfhearg uile Thou hast taken away all Thy wrath, Psalms lxxxv 3 = do rug tu leat, ed. 1826 . Cf. also: ná tarruing mé leis na cionntachaibh draw me not away with, Psalms xxviii 3 .

(b) draws out, extracts: tairrngis a fholt 's a fhionnfaidh, TSh. 5587 , cf. Oss. i 66.142 . tairngter an folt ar tús, O'Gr. Cat. 178 . cantarides . . . tairnghid neim na n-uile ball, 227 . an purgaid . . . tairrngidh sin gach aen linad carries off all repletion, 23 P 10, 139vb39 . cuir in cerin sin ar in crecht ┐ turngidh at ┐ diachair, 23 F 19, 8vb2 (freq. so used in med. texts).

(c) Various special meanings, in many corresponding to Eng. draw; draws (breath): da ttairngtear an anal go luath, 23 K 42, 196.18 (freq. in med. texts). draws a sword, etc.: tairrngidh arm a gcētōir, Fl. Earls 64 . do thairrngeadar na drochdhaoine an cloidheamh, Psalms xxxvii 14 . ón ccloidhiomh táirngthe, Isaiah xxi 15 . an bogha . . . bhíos umhal d'fior a tharroing, Arch. Hib. i 86 . Of water draws, conducts: treb oc na bi usce . . . co tairidnither seicce, Laws iv 214 .i. co tairngiter seachu é, 216 Comm. int uisce tairgiter tar na fearanduib, 168 Comm. atáid daoine is tir sin féin | thairngeas an mhuir chuca i gcéin, Content. vi 73 . Of a wound, sore, etc. draws, drains: as coir an crecht do tarring le hadurc noc[h] bís lan do cadas, 23 P 10, 67.41 . curter an cerin so uirre da taring, 63.5 . leagur cuisle fo tracht a coisi ... ┐ tairngidh an fuil, Irish Texts v 16.19 . Of translating out of a language: is e U. do tharruing o Laidin gu Gaeghilg an beatha sa, Lib. Flav. i 32va37 . gach nech léighfís an leabhar so, tabhraidh bennacht ar anmain a[n] té do tarraing ó Laidin a nGaedhilge hé, 24 P 3, 195.3 . Of drawing money: a bhfuair 'gá athair d'ionmhus | 's ar tharraing d'á thighiornas, A. Ó Dálaigh l 8 . Of persons draws, makes come: tairrngis Mac M. iarla D. don tír, AFM v 1782 . rotharraing Ua Neill drong do Ghallaibh . . . dia nertadh, vi 1930 . Of troops draws up: do tárnedh aon mile dég fer 'na mpataillenuibh were drawn up in battalions, Rel. Celt. ii 200 . targes S. a n-ordughadh bláir iad, 154 . ar tarruing na cuidecht having marshalled the army, 198 .

(d) In fig. senses. Induces, brings about: do tharraing [Críost] síothcháin ┐ sítheóltacht ar neamh ┐ ar talamh, Eochairsg. 32 . do tharraing síothcháin ┐ cáirdios eatorra, Gadelica 129 . síoth do tharraing idir Ruaidhri ┐ Dhiarmaid, Keat. iii 5113 , 3184 . With extension of sense: tharraigiodar coingheall eatorra féin made a covenant, GJ xii 536 . Of persons draws, induces: is beag nách ttairrngeann tú mé chum bheith am Chríosduighe, Acts xxvi 28 . táirngeamaóid daóine chum creidmhe, 2 Cor. v 11 . Applies (to), transfers (to): do tharruing mé na neithe-si chugum féin . . . a bhfioghair I have transferred to myself, 1 Corinth. iv 6 . as éidir na ceithre cotchanna . . . .i. an chré, an paiter, na haithenta ┐ na sacramainnti do thairreng do chum na subháilchedhsa, Ó Héodhusa 14 .

Folld. by AR (FOR), draws, brings upon (of a consequence, etc.): le chomhall na n-aithenadh dherbhmaoid ar ngrádh ar Dhia ┐ thairrengmaoid a grádh orainn, Ó Héodhusa 14 . do thairngis oirbh an iomairg you have brought on yourself this fright, Content. xxii 21 . gur tharraing gean an leinbh go mór air, Eochairsg. 62 . With AS deduces, infers: táirngid as so gur etc., Corp. Astron. 2 .

(e) In a few cases apparently stretches, extends (of motion away from the agent): dosrenga a chois fris co mebaid a fergaire (i.e. kicked?), TBC-I¹ 3661 . a ndosreng fris a láim `when he withdrew his hand' (stretched out his arm to lay hold on him?), RC xxv 344.6 .

In follg. cases almost brings, offers: teit in caitin . . . dosrengai bratan dhoibh, Lism. L. viii , cf. LL 283a24 . frithi dam bratan [m]béodha | doburchu glan dosreanga dom, Anecd. i 73 .

II In later lang. also intrans. of motion draws (near, etc.): rotairrngedur na Lumburduigh docum glenna domuin retreated, ZCP vi 42 . sliocht Fhiachach S. do tharraing don Mhumhain, Keat. ii 4871 . don tuaisciort tarruing romhat go forward , 3 C 12, 82.14 . In fig. sense, with CHUM, draws, tends (towards): an t-inglan tairngus cum buidheachta which approaches a yellow colour, 23 P 10, 16b38 . an dath bān neoch tairngus cum uainigheachta, 14a2 . gurma ag tarraing chum datha uaine blueness of a greenish shade, 13b46 . in gaoth danad ainm Eurus . . . tairrngidh cum teasa ┐ cum tiorma, 3 C 19, 256va6 .

draigen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. draigen or dil.ie/18563

Forms: draigne, droighen, droighin, draigean, Dérdroigen

n o in sg., n p. freq. draigne (orig. n. ?). droighen m., IGT Decl. § 53 . blackthorn, sloe (prunus spinosa); fruit of the sloe: droighin gl. prunus, Ir. Gl. 559 . nigra spina .i. droighean talman, ACL i 336.92 . pruna .i. airni draigin, Thes. ii 360 (Philarg.). d.¤ gl. pirus, Sg. 61b4 . droighen .i. tróg-aon .i. aon is trōgmaire do c[h]randuib ar imad a delg, Corm. Y 474 . blāithidir scotha, gairbidir d.¤ , ZCP ix 452.29 . cona matan matluirge fadbuide draigin, FB § 37 (Eg.). trí cóicait maglorg ndraigin, BDD § 60 . targad dó aball . . . ┐ droigean, MR 130.12 . d.¤ dúr | fid nach loiscenn saer, SG 245.22 . áirne dubdroigin, 102.5 . int ethar draighin `the wicker boat', 25.33 . clíatha draigin is derg-scíach, Metr. Dinds. iii 316 . craeb droighen cona hairnib, Dinds. 21 ( RC xv 319 ). i mmedón muine draigin, LL 283b39 . rocuirthea a teinidh droigin he, IT iii 190 § 17 . i tinid draigni, Laws v 472 n. (Of a fence) cír draigain fair, iv 112.15 . draigean (one of the`fogla feadha', i.e. shrubs), 146.26 . bláth droigin duibh, ZCP vi 269 § 13 . do ghlac sé droighion an nfásaigh ┐ driséoga thorns of the wilderness, Judges viii 16 . fásfuidh an crann giumhuis a náit an droighin, Isaiah lv 13 . an spéice deilgneach droighin, PCT 1026 . droigin duind `dusky blackthorn', K. and H. 19 . draigin drissi delgnacha, Ériu vii 2.16 . dreasa is droighin gut rébadh, BS 48.12 . droigni is drisi romc[h]oirb, 108.19 . ní cara damh na droidhne, KMMisc. 352 § 7 . cogur daill dar draigni, IT iii 77.23 . a ndrisi ┐ a ndraigne do beim dib, Laws i 128.8 Comm. bíd droighne . . . a slighe an anduine, Proverbs xxii 5 . atáid ar n-a múchadh mar theine na ndroighean, Psalms cxviii 12 . meas dub a draignib, YBL 118 marg. inf. bachal . . . foracbadh isna draighnibh, AU 840 .

As n.pr. m. Dub Draigen, LL 205a2 . mac Draigin, Rawl. 151b52 . Macc Ercae macc Draigin, Trip.² 1609 . meicc Draigin, Gorm. Apr. 15 . In name of a metre: mesce Draigin m̅c̅ Dorndorbiedh, IT iii 104.6 . In n.pr. f. Dér ┐ Droigen (leg. Dérdroigen) máthair dá mac Mogaruith, SG ii 467.6 . In n.loc. Inis D.¤ , Hog. Onom.

Cf. murdraigen.

1 eimer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 eimer or dil.ie/19810

n o, m. some kind of stone, granite (?); often contrasted with ael: aíl-tech emir `lime-white house of granite' (of polished stone?) Metr. Dinds. iv 108.2 . nír ghabh ré thoisc áel ná eimer [sic leg.] | gur loisc cáer thenedh Dá thí neither lime nor granite (?) checked his course until... Cóir Anm. 146 . ní chuala coinnmhedh n-eimhir | ciatchuala coinnmhedh muirir | gar coinnmhedh clocha Oiligh...`billeting of gritstones' AFM ii 968.5 . Saor na dtrí dtoigeadh | nach bí dh'aol na dh'eimhear, H 3.19, 26 (: deireadh). mar eimhear is ord dá ghuin, Dán Dé xxv 24 . iomad do chlochaibh eimhir do chur san teinidh (for heating water), Keat. ii 5105 . Cf. émer .i. ni glē...is emer [in cloch], ni find in cloch, O'Mulc. 393 . Cf. the compd. eimherderg, v.l. to cróderg (a shade in Cú Chulainn's hair) TBC-LL¹ 2714 .

esbach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esbach or dil.ie/20391
Last Revised: 2019

adj o-ā (esbae)

I Useless, vain, purposeless: imchomarc n-espach an idle question, Études Celt. xl 61 ( Ml. 35c26 ). is gním n-espach `a deed unprofitable' Metr. Dinds. iv 16.9 (Dubthir). is esbach in tsuil glan fil at cind-sa gan a beith...i bhfail fhir, Lism. L. 1334 = Three Hom. 64.22 . hespach do neoch a thriall useless for any to set out on it TBC-LL¹ 414 . esbach sin that is foolish (to no purpose) Thes. ii 307.19 ( Hy ii pref .). espach sin that is folly (of the act of destroying a town) BCC § 77 . ba esbach comrac ris CRR 55 . mairg na dingne córa friu fobíth is esbach a n-écoir do dénam, LL 234b15 = TTr. 1303 . ní espach linne in flaithius Rómhánach do discáiliudh fódaigh nach beith tarcaisne neich fort-sa, CCath. 636 .

II Idle, unoccupied: espach no deid (gl. otiosus) Ml. 35c25 . Esp. in Laws, Comm. n an idler (stander-by, disengaged person), oft. opposed to torbach profitable worker: Laws iii 242.14 , 23 . nocon fuil dethbir [torbaig] no esbaig, iii 482. 3 . slainti espaig ┐ etarbaig idlers and unprofitable workers iii 166 z ; 224.10 . is iat ata espaigh and, daine rocotail iar cur in íaraind isin teinidh , 190.23 (cf.: is iat ata torbaigh and, daíne rocotail ria cur in iaraind isin t., l. 21 ). ar na huile esbachuib uile, 242.16 .

Cf. is marb Conn... | ┐ Cormac ┐ Art | easbach an mac is an t-úa, Fianaig. 42.8 , where we should perhaps take the meaning to be useless, unavailing i.e. their valour no longer avails (since they are dead), but cf. follg.

III without good, unfortunate (?): espach éc ríg Mugna LL 32b12 ; 20 = BB 56a29 ; 37 . gid easbach aitreab Eógain | d'fhaicsin mar tá fa deólaid, CCellaig² 26.826​​​​ . do thuitset isin cath... | clanda C.... | is sluagh na P. gerb easbach, Caithr. CC 80 .

fo-carta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-carta or dil.ie/22402

v ā (cartaid)

(a) clears away, thrusts away: fochartaid a tech díb, LU 1488 ( MU² 972 ). romgeba in fairend ... ┐ ... fom-cartfat isin teinidh svthain, Aisl. Tond. 96 § 4 (= do ma chur sa t., 123 ).

(b) sends (?): cf. focart hI. dia n-adnacol do F. sent (?) I. to bring them to F. Dinds. 31 = BB 367b33 (perhaps = fúacairt).

fóirithin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fóirithin or dil.ie/22975

Forms: fóirithiu, foirithin, forithiu, forithin, forithen, fóirithin, fóiridhin, fóirithne, -neach, fóireidhin, fóirighthin

n n, f. Mid. Ir. vn. of fo-reith ; the n s. *fóirithiu does not occur, but cf. isi ada foiritheo uais doberar don cach, Laws ii 388.6 Comm. ( SM Facs. 43b ). d s. da foirithin , Laws i 254.23 Comm. , ii 94.2 Comm . i forithiu (leg. forithin ?), Cog. 74.17 . g s. forithen, TBC-LL¹ 2412 (= foirithne St). n s. fóirithin fóiridhin, IGT, Decl. § 184 ; III 109 (as vn. of fóirid). (g s. fóirithne, -neach) ; fóireidhin ib. Decl. ex. 663 . d s. fóirighthin, Matthew xxvii 42 (= fóirighin 1681).

(a) helping, succouring , with obj. gen. roptar iat ... tancatár hi forithin Gúari, LU 9603 ( ZCP iii 206 ). techt do fóritin Con Culaind LU 5928 ( TBC-I¹ 1460 ). do chúaid O. do fórithin .h. Fl., Ann. Conn. 1230 § 3 . is immi tanic si ... ar bith a forithen do Choin Chulaind to get C.'s help TBC-LL¹ 2412 (= i ndoith ḟoirithne, St). ar bíthin a foirithnech, Cóir Anm. 149 . nir lamhsat ... techta dia fhoiridin ind-agaid Senáin, Lism. L. 2305 . fa lór d'ḟóiridhin easláin, TD 39.4 . a ḟiorcara d'foirithin ar eicin, MR 262.26 . do ní uirre a fhóiridhin protects him against it PBocht 23 § 34 . an bhean d'fóirighthin ón diabhal, Eochairsg. 90.24 . d'faghail furtachta ┐ fhoirithne, BNnÉ 275 § 257 . dul d'iarraid furtachta ┐ ḟoirithnech (ḟoirichnech v.l.), Acall. 6802 . Rarely with prep. of pers. : f.¤ dieroile, Fl. Earls 140.6 . táinig Dia d'fh.¤ air, Dán Dé iv 24 . ag fóirighthin orm, Oss. iv 254x . In etymological glosses on `othrus' in Laws : ferrdar a not[h]rusa uile (.i. berar iat uile for adhḟoirithin uais ...), Ériu xii 89 . Cf. Laws ii 388.6 , cited above.

(b) relieving, remedying (an evil) : ic foirithin cach galair, YBL 146bz . íocaidh thall isan teinidh | gan m'íotain ann d'fhóiridhin, PBocht 25 § 30 . d'fh.¤ a anbhuaine, Dán Dé iv 27 . go ndligheann duine ... anfhorlann a chomharsan d'fh.¤ , TSh. 1838 . dál ḟoirithneach a prospect of help IGT, Decl. ex. 2085 . fóirithin `a remedy ' Eg. Gl. 309 (Kirk). a haithli na hurbada sin cin forigtin, Ann. Conn. 1405 § 15 (= ALC : `irreparable reverse').

(c) in concrete sense, reinforcement, auxiliaries: ar dáigh fóirithne Albanach do breith gus an mbaile, AFM v 1662.12 .

(d) in extended sense sufficiency, enough: laithe ... nach fuair a ḟ.¤ d'áitheas one day on which he failed to sate himself with triumph Ir. Monthly 1927, 309 (cf. feraid).

glantugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glantugud or dil.ie/25991

u, m. vn. cleansing, purifying : g s.teinidh an ghlantuighthe (= igne purgationis), TSh. 3998.

imm-tét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-tét or dil.ie/27940
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: immthigid, imatīagsa, imthigi, imthéit, n-imthet, imme[t]ét, himthíagar, imtiagam, imthiagat, immetiagat, imthegind, imteged, immátheged, imtiagmais, imtheigmís, immathegtís, imthigid, imté, immath, n-imthiasam, imthesid, imrega, imrega, imregat, imluid, imlodmar, immelotar, amluidset, imruláith, immruldatar, im-rul[l]atar, imrulatdar, imrulaiseat, immandeochatar, immthigid, im(i)gid, imighter, imdhigmet-ne, imighsi, imdhedh, imdigem, imthigmit, imthiger, imeochad, n-imtheochad, imthigfe-su, nimeochuir, non-imtigfe, imeochaidh, imdeogus, no-imdigfed, imeochad, imtighis, imighis, ro-imdig, d'imgimair, ro-imdichset, ro-imthigset, ro-imthigsetar, imthighedar

v Mid. Ir. immthigid i. indic. pres. s. 1 rel. imatīagsa, TBC-I¹ 659. s. 2 imthigi, LU 3541. s. 3 imthéit, 3831 . nád n-imthet , Críth G. 536. rel. imme[t]ét, Ml. 45c9 . pass. ní himthíagar , Ériu ii 208 § 28. p. 1 imtiagam, Wb. 6a30 . p. 3 imthiagat, TBC-LL¹ 426. rel. immetiagat, Ml. 45c9 . impf. s. 1 imthegind, SR 1337. s. 3 imteged, Laws i 72.11 Comm. rel. immátheged, LU 9309. p. 1 imtiagmais, TBC-I¹ 2657. imtheigmís, TBC-LL¹ 3540. p. 3 rel. immathegtís, LL 290a11 . ipv. p. 2 imthigid, IT i 75.2 . subj. pres. s. 3 imté, Tec. Corm. § 33.12 . rel. immath, Ériu ii 208 § 29. p. 1 dia n-imthiasam , Ml. 46c20 . p. 2 ni imthesid , Wb. 22c4 . fut. s. 2 imrega, Trip.² 1277. s. 3 imrega, Anecd. i 13.11 . p. 3 imregat, TBC-I¹ 79. pret. s. 3 imluid, Imr. Brain § 2. p. 1 imlodmar, Metr. Dinds. iii 204.49 . p. 3 rel. immelotar, Thes. ii 242.15 . amluidset, RC xv 294.4 . With ro : s. 3 imruláith, LU 8575 (FB). imrulaid, SR 7605. p. 3 nicon immruldatar , Thes. i 488.27 im-rul[l]atar, Sc.M² § 6. imrulatdar (sic leg.), SR 3441. imrulaiseat, CCath. 2653. immandeochatar, LU 9246.

As simple vb. immthigid, later reduced to im(i)gid : indic. pres. pass. pl. imighter, Ériu iii 164 § 20. p. 1 imdhigmet-ne, PH 6810. ipv. s. 2 imighsi, Ériu iii 170 § 20. s. 3 imdhedh, Mac Aingil 465.14 . p. 1 imdigem, PH 3072. imthigmit, Mer. Uil. 204. subj. pres. s 1 imthiger, MacCongl. 55.20 . fut. s. 1 imeochad, RC xix 36.12 . co n-imtheochad , SG 85.25 . s. 2 imthigfe-su, PH 4845. a nimeochuir , O'Gr. Cat. 312.z . s. 3 non-imtigfe, RC xxvii 302.5 . ní imeochaidh , Donlevy xxi 16 . rel. imdeogus, Acall. 5461. sec. fut. s. 3 no-imdigfed, Aisl. Tond. 93.17 . do imeochad , Maund. § 198. pret. s. 3 imtighis, Ériu iii 164 § 18. imighis, 156.3 . ro-imdig, PH 1641. p. 1 d'imgimair, JRSAI ii 360.9 . p. 3 ro-imdichset, Aisl. Tond. 96.16 . ro-imthigset, Sc.M² R § 6 . ro-imthigsetar, IT i 73.11 . ro imthighedar , ML² 1929.

I intrans.

(a) goes around, goes about, travels, sets forth, comes, goes (in general sense) : hore is fri de imtiagam `since it is by day that we travel,' Wb. 6a30 . is samlaid insin imme[t]ét leusom int ais lósc `it is thus the blind walk with them,' Ml. 45c9 . ité immelotar immuaneclis fu thrí, Thes. ii 242.15 . atáa mí nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur, Críth G. 536. fer imthéit co n-eri `a man who travels with a load,' Ériu ii 204.15 . nech ... immetet ann frí less n-oli one ... who goes about for the advantage of another, Anecd. iii 23.9 . is amlaid imthēged Medb ┐ leth int slōig impe, TBC-I¹ 862. is ē tricius ┐ āttius imoroget, dāig is chucaind imthigit, 2554 . ri secht nimi ... imrulaid etronn ... fri ré tri bliadan trichat, SR 7735. tucht imruláith in Líath Macha ... fón charput dar fot chóicid Concobair, LU 8575 (FB). in t-sligi mór sa imthéit sechond gia leth imthéit which goes by us, TBC-LL¹ 1143. ocus grian gel cid imthet ?, SR 7916. ni caraim in uisci n-duabais | imteit (leg. imeteit) seoch toebh m'arais, AU i 352.2 . na-ṅgeib-sium eill nári cu n-imthig athach leo, MU² 672. imteged leo fo muirib he used to travel about with them under the sea, Laws i 72.11 Comm. imthesidsi isin matain i mbarach dia saigid, LU 5963. imrulatdar, garbaib gelt | iar tirib amraib Egept they set forth through the wonderful lands of Egypt, SR 3441. imrulaidhset meic Miledh do gabail in Inbear Slaine, Leb. Gab.(i) 250.12 . tabair ascaid m-bicc dam rēsiú imthiger, MacCongl. 55.20 . im-rulaid remi Cú Chulainn i tremdírgi na sliged, MU² 53. do imgedh roime as a haitle `then he proceeded on his way,' Celt. Rev. iv 18.10 . imthigfe-su for nathrachaib thou wilt walk on, PH 4845. imluid Rúadh dar luing amach `R. went out over the ship's side,' RC xv 294.5 . is e ro-imdig cosaib tirmaib darsin muir, PH 1641. is minicc ro imged se ar muin an luicc, Stair Erc. 1979. ro imigset inn aidchi sin co matin `they marched that night until morning,' Cog. 78.10 . tar ceann go n-imgheann léna ghoin ar fud an fhásaigh, TSh. 2517.

(b) goes away, departs: `ab eo,' didiu, `úad' immthíag, Hib. Min. 36.z . ro-imdichset co ndimdo et tuirrsi, Aisl. Tond. 96.16 . dá n-anuind do-chuadus d'ég ┐ dá n-imthiger táinic mo sáegal, Comp. CC 96.25 . ma do imid nírab soraid dō in raga rug, CCellaig 114. imidh uaim go foill, BNnÉ 210 n. 1 . imdhedh go tigh na bpian let him depart, Mac Aingil 465.14 . imgem sul éirgius lucht in baile, SG 243.16 . imthigid ass ... uair moni digsid ass innocht no-bor-mairfither imbárach, IT i 75.2 . do ceilebair doib ┐ roimígh uatha, RC x 183.11 . roimtigsed a n-élod a n-urtosach na haidchi, TTebe 4613 . imthighidh, a dhream mhalluighthe, san teinidh shíordhaidhe ite maledicti, TSh. 6558. na grása luaimneacha do thigeas agus imthigheas `the transitory graces which come and go,' Donlevy 208.20 . Fig. passes away, is lost: mairidh an litir ┐ imghídhidh an chuimhne, ML 182.16 .

(c) Fig. proceeds, walks (of manner of life) : dia n-imthiasam iar timnaib ind rechto, Ml. 46c20 . ni imthesid cen imdéicsin `ye shall not walk without circumspection,' Wb. 22c4 . in tíí ... nach fégann ... sét na sualach. ┐ nách immthigend dia reirr-sin, PH 4668. co n-imthiget i toil Dé, 7119 . in popul ... nach imthiged iarsin etargnu spirutalla, 4595 .

(d) imm-tét ... for (ar) befalls, happens: cech eigen catha ... imdeogus ortsa, Acall. 5461 v.l. día cabuir ó cach decair do imeochad orra, Maund. § 198. cred do imdigh ar a mhnai no ar a cloind, BCC 266.28 . in dímiadh sin ro imdig for a rig, MR 30.2 . do tuic an righan ... gur imidh fordol eigin druidhechta fuirri, Stair Erc. 65. is cosmhuil ribh-se ... | gur imthigh ní éigin ort, Dánta Gr. 11.11 . an gcuala Alba ... | ar imthigh air fan abhluinn, Aithd. D. 53. 9 . Used absol. : do imdigh gach ní da ndubairt C.C., BCC 268.38 . in domnach imrulaid in esergi choimdeta, LB 203b27 .

(e) imm-tét ... fri has to do with, deals with: chum nach n-imtheochadh re mion-chonntas móimintidhe do-ghní sí úsáid don mbliadhain do orduigh Julius Caesar `that she might not have to deal with (lit. in order not to go with) the minute reckoning of moments ...,' Corp. Astron. 8.27 . gibé ris (i.e. the world) gach aimsir imgheas, Hackett xlii 123.

(f) Metaph. usages

(i) changes, varies: imtiagad breatha ilbruige, glossed : at saine bretha forsna bruigi, Laws v 466.15 , 470.3 Comm. ar imtiagait breth (? leg. bretha) aimsera .i. is eimh teit an brethemhnus fo aimsir cana no cairde, O'Curry 1615 (< 23 Q 6, p. 6a-b ).

(ii) is lost, is done for: muna fóire Semus gu luath d'imgimair `we are lost,' JRSAI ii 360.9 . mas e Dia adeir ... cait a n-abair é ? murab é acht duine, do imigh tu you have lost your case, you are done for, Luc. Fid. 323.3 .

(iii) dies: d'imthigh Maghnus Prióir Atha Luain gan lorg `died without issue,' Hy Maine 166.24 . Also with acc. bás (see sect. II infra.) : cia sa hoiged ┐ bás as deach a n-immtheid rig, Alex. 56. Cf. sul n-imghead d'éag, Hackett xliv 34.

II With acc.

(a) circumambulates, travels on, traverses: flesc for dib ṅgablaib lasin conair immetiagat `along the way they go,' Ml. 45c9 . nicon immruldatar cosa doine riam lar srotha iordanein, Thes. i 488.27 (Tur.). bid latt cech ní imrega everything which thou shalt traverse shall be thine, Trip.² 1277. nach ní immathegtís co cend .uii. mbliadan ní ássad arbur ... trít, RC xiii 448 § 36. atcondarccaissiu ... indus imatíagsa in lind, TBC-I¹ 659. atát gillai dún is' taig imrul[l]atar in cocrích, Sc.M² § 6. cid menic imthigi in síd, LU 3541. ro-imthig an loch cen eathar, BColm. 102.14 . mar ḟandaill imtheít muir, TBC-LL¹ 1301. ba he med na seicce co n-im[th]ighdis daíne ┐ índile locha Erenn uile, RC xviii 181.18 . gach duine do imeóchad an cuan sin, ZCP xi 116.3 . ro imgedur ilimud do marannaibh garbha, Stair Erc. 1524.

(b) goes about in the sense of encloses: do forgeis dó aní imaragha a charbat do neoch bu mellach lais do Laighnibh, Anecd. i 44.24 . in mét ferainn imteitt srut[h] Tibir, CCath. 3471. issin ross imtheit Boind, CRR 38.14 . includes: ar ecnairc ind uli sceptra immidechaid da (=do) shoscela, Ir. Lit. p. 43 n. 20 . See also under imm-ticc.

(c) goes round protectingly, guards: baei cú occa no-imthiged Laigniu uili, Sc.M² § 1 R . roboí tan ... ba messe immátheged, LU 9309. nech ... imdoraegae caill ┐ mag remib ... ind agaid for namhot, Ériu viii 172.10 . a thuir imthéit Gaedel gnáth `o tower that ever guarded the Gael,' Metr. Dinds. iii 100.2 . cotomimthegat lūirecha uile leasa uadh, ZCP vi 258.5 .

1 ingaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ingaire or dil.ie/28618

Forms: ingrai

n io, m. [earlier n.] vn. of in-gair.

act of herding, tending, guarding, watching over. Usually of cattle, etc.: fecht do Patraic ... ic i.¤ caorach, Lat. Lives 46.12 . conaccai maethóclaig oc i.¤ mucc `adolescentem sues pascentem,' 51.10 . i.¤ uan ocus laegh ocus meann ocus orc, Laws ii 152.10 Comm. com-íngaire `common pasturage,' iv 100.4 Comm. dligidh-sidhe la cacha ceathra do i.¤ do `he is entitled to a day's herding for every head of cattle,' 100.14 Comm. d'i.¤ caire Labain, SR 2968. nipsa causa i.¤ gamna, basa cháusa i.¤ Emna (Cúchulainn speaking), LU 9328 - 9 . co tarlatar maicc i.¤ dó oc a n-almaib, Mer. Uil. 87. ar mbeith ag ionghaire chaorach dhó, TSh. 8354. ingrai ` keeping, herding ,' O'R.

In general, watching over, protecting: ainm aingil i.¤ in tsrotha the presiding angel, LU 2093. ocus téit éc nech aile | ge biadh céd gá i.¤ , SG 345.40 . cian a drem inguire uad `remote are they that would have tended him,' O'Gr. Cat. 361.16. d'ionghuire m'anman ar phéin, dom chaomhna ar teinidh thairmnimhe `that I may save my soul from pain,' Aithd. D. 76 § 19. tuir iorghuile achaidh Fhinn, nathair ionghuire a himill, DDána 73 § 8. a Mháire inghean Mhaoil Mhuire | gur chuireas ort m'ionghuire `my shepherding,' TD 30 § 27. Feidhlime Ó Néill dan hobar ar n-ionghuire, Hackett xlv 7. Mac na hucht gá ionghuire `being nursed,' A. Ó Dálaigh l 25.

In bad sense, keeping watch over (for the purpose of leading astray) : ar ilcelgaib an tSatain ... bis acom i.¤ do gres, D IV 2. 75va38 . acht gidh mōr ionghaire m'olc, | fionn-Mhuire ōgh dom ḟurtacht, ZCP xii 380.29 .

loiscid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. loiscid or dil.ie/30563

Forms: loscaid, laiscid

v i In O. Ir. also loscaid. Also laiscid: ro laiscedh go léir liom / muilte ┐ átha Éirionn, Duan. F. i 19.24 .

(a) burns, consumes by fire, lays waste by fire: ar fuilib híairn arul loscas tene arub hithes cú, Thes. ii 249.6 . loiscis in garmain núi, 346.1 ( Hy. v 74 ). amal loiscde gl sicut . . . concremant, Ml. 141b2 . co loscaitir gl. ut . . .urantur, 24c5 . co loisciter gl. aduri, Goid. 69.15 . ro loiscthea úas tentib, Fél. Prol. 39 . dia ro losced Ard Macha, KZ xxxi 255.3 . rotuit in tenid corroloisc hé o mulluch co talmin, Mon. Tall. 157.11 . tech loiscis sraibtine, Laws v 190.16 . cid be [mer] ro loisce etach a cheile co n-aithinde, iii 202.1 Comm . aithgin isini loiscter tre indeithbir torba, iv 250.12 Comm . ro loisced a leth n-úr den taig, Lat. Lives 11.11 . loscid anmand na pectach, LU 2097 ( FA 16 ). ro loiscthe la Manandán (sc. Fuamnach and Sigmall), LU 10707 . lacha ┐ luathaibne / budh roluath loiscfider, ZCP viii 211.x . roloisc Life co ba secht, ACL iii 304 ii § 4 . ro loisc . . . in goba in cheardcha forro, RC xxiv 194.5 . loiscther . . . ó thénntib ┐ o shaignénu na guirt úrai, PH 4241 . loscfid in lasar-sin amal soignén . . . na pecdachu, 3618 . ro loissccedh ┐ ro léirsgriosadh . . . ó bhaile Atha an Riogh . . . go Rinn Mhíl, Hugh Roe² 138.11 . ar áitibh na dteinteadh 'na loisgthí cuirp na n-ard-fhlaitheadh, TSh. 5608 . amhuil loisgthior an féidhliocān bhíos ag foluamhuin timpchioll coinnle, Párl. na mB. 3329 .

(b) Extended applications: ar mbeith dhuit fá leigheas loisgthear thú, gearrthar thú you are cauterised, TSh. 8190. ro loiscit na lama-sa `withered are', RC vi 186.8 . sul loisg . . . aon urchar air a chéile fired (a shot), Rel. Celt. ii 194.10 . do chuir a ghunna ar cloich . . . ┐ do loisg an turchuir, 198.25 . stings, pains acutely : rom loisc dlaī `a wisp has stung me', Fing. R. 912 . in neanntog . . . ni ferr le neach da loiscenn . . . , Tromd. Guaire 473 . bíth cailg ac na beachaibh . . . le cailgid ┐ le loiscid, O'Gr. Cat. 213.25 . loiscis in gaeth mo dhá n-ō, Ériu ii 229.8 .

Fig. (c) burns, inflames, afflicts: (i) trans. loisc gl. ure (renes), Ml. 47a6 . roloisc gl. eloquium Domini usit eum, 123a15 . amal nu lloiscthe gl. quasi recenti peccati memoria peruratur, 32c13 . do loisc an scel sin A. co céstach, 24 P 12, 20.14 . oighidh ríogh rátha Bréanainn / . . . / do loisg sin m'fheoil ┐ m'fhuil, Aithd. D. 6.4 . do loisc Erenncha d'imshnimh, Irish Texts ii 95 § 34 . loisg, a Thighearna, ar ccuirp ┐ ar ccroidhthe le teinidh an Spiorad Náoimh, Parrth. Anma 4174 . (ii) intrans. loisgid na ríngceóirídhe ban lé tine na drúise, 1684 . ? Here: cosmhail re lon, a fhlaith Éile / an t-abhra cóir—cia ar nar loisg?, Aithd. D. 26.33 (`lighting up with love of all').

(d) reviles : romloisc in uair fa lonn leis / tré fheirg, SG 124.z . [mo] bhéal . . . / loisgeas cách, Aithd. D. 70.1 (c) .

Vn. 1 loscud.

scriptuir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scriptuir or dil.ie/36654
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: screptaire, screptra, scriptuir, scriptuir, scriptúir, scriptuir, scrioptúir, screptaire, sgrebtrae, screptra, scriptuire, scripturi, scriptúri, screptra, sgreaptra, sgreaphtra, screaptradh, sgrioptur, sgrioptuir, sgrioptúr, scriptúir, screptra

n f., later m. (Lat. scriptura). Two distinct early borrowings are reflected in g s. screptaire, screptra (see below), the form scriptuir being due to learned influence (cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 211 , Ériu xxxiv 37 ). Length of -u- not attested by rhyming exx. in the early language. scriptuir, Ml. 25d12 . Cf. scriptúir, LU 2359 . scriptuir, 2374 . Freq. with -ú- in PH, see Atk. Gloss. Late rhyming exx. show -ú-: scrioptúir: iontnúidh, DDána 3.2 . : dhúinn, 27a.3 . Freq. with -í- in first syll. in Desid. g s. screptaire, Ml. 35b1 , 15 . sgrebtrae, ZCP iii 29.8 . Later screptra passim. na scriptuire , IT i 170.16 . na scripturi , PH 5516 . n p. na scripturi mora, Ml. 3a6 . scriptúri, PH 3122 . screptra, Cog. 138.24 . Leb. Gab.(i) 36.3 . sgreaptra, Content. xv 13 . g p. sgreaphtra, Auraic. 2640 . screaptradh, AFM i 132.12 . In later language usually indecl. in sg., but in Luc. Fid. 256 ff . regularly sgrioptur, g s. sgrioptuir. As suggested by Ed. g s. sgrioptúr, Desid. 4239 is probably a misprint. In this period the form scriptúir is the only one used in sense of holy scripture , the form screptra being confined to senses (b) and (c). Exceptionally trāchtairidhi in[na] screptra naoimhe, Fl. Earls 164.y .

(a) holy scripture, holy writ : in tan arbir bith in scribtuir (sic leg.?) . . . do deisimbrecht asna psalmaib, Hib. Min. 4.129 . ni thechta duinne tuilled noibscreptra dianechtair we should not make additions to holy scripture from outside sources, 12.409 . legais runa rochuad eter scolaib screptra, ACC 60 ( RC xx 256 ). co rūinib screptra nach diss | formae ueteris legis `with mysteries of scripture', Ériu xi 104.18 . co ndec[h]asu . . . co hEtáil do fogluim na screpttra, Three Hom. 12.21 . iar firinde na screptra noemhi, MacCarthy 48.19 . ata in scriptuir noem do mebair lais, PH 2184 . In Laws the form screptra is taken in this sense by glossators (cf. however, O'Curry 2288 below): for fir ┐ dliged screptra, Laws v 10.14 .i. na scribtuiri, 17 Comm . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse ┐ screbtra in judgements according to nature, conscience and holy writ (?), 452.20 .i. naime in fir leigind, 454.12 Comm . fir n-aignaid ┐ screbtra, 430.24 . indas noroindfitis crō ┐ dībad a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi, Ériu i 214.6 . do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal it is a story from scripture, Dán Dé v 22 . maith an sgéalaidhe an sgriobtúir, PBocht 16.1 . aonradh sgrioptuir fhollais, Luc. Fid. 193.20 . amhail atá scrioptúir ré teinidh do bheith ann (i.e. in hell) scriptural proof, TSh. 6225 . Rarely in pl. in this sense: do réir na sgrioptúireadh `scriptural passages' (Gloss.), Desid. 4929 .

(b) of non-biblical writings: secht cēt aipgitrech rascrībai | screptra scrībenn (Patrick), ACL iii 303 § 9 . amail adbeir in scriptuir (folld. by a non-biblical quot.), O'Curry 2288 ( Eg. 88, 21 (22)c ). gidh bé sgriobtúir ór sgaoileadh whatever the source of the story (introducing an apologue), DDána 37.5 . sgreaptra na naomh the writings of the saints, TFrag. 118.16 . do reir scriptra na scelaige according to the writings of the historians, Caithr. CC 4 (2.27) . na screptra do leghad lind, Leb. Gab.(i) 36.3 .

(c) in concrete sense manuscripts, books : Cennfaoladh . . . do athnuaidhestar . . . maille re hurmór na screaptra `MSS.', O'Gr. Cat. 104.22 = na sgreaphtra, Auraic. 2640 . na sgreaptra | do sgríobh lámh Chaimín Cealtra, Content. xv 13 . cloigtech Mainistrech do losccadh gus an scriptuir ann `with the writing in it', CS 304.17 = co n-a lebraibh, AU ii 58.1 = co leabhraibh ┐ co ttaisccedhaibh iomdhaibh, AFM ii 956.11 . ar tteclamadh screaptradh ┐ seinleabhar nEreann co haon maighin, i 132.12 . tempall insi moir loch gile do losccadh, ┐ screptra uí chuirnin imon leabhar ngearr, iv 828.3 . seinscreaptra meamruim ┐ seinleabhar paipéir, RC iv 354.16 ( O'Cl. Preface). Attrib. g s.: Ard Macha do loscadh . . . cona durthigib uile cenmotha in teach screbtra nama `the library', RC xvii 358.26 . i ttighibh Sgreabtra, Geneal. Tracts i 3.16 . oes screptra writers, Ériu v 20.9 .

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