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2 amm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 amm or dil.ie/3158

n n, n.

(a) the human hand: a n-am gl. manus (hominis), Ml. 36c16 . a n-ám gl. manus (eorum), 33d17 . in nephchumsanad ind aim no hi tengad (leg. ind aimme no intengad, Stokes; illaim no hi tengaid , Strachan), 33d20 . Fig. power, control, etc.: in am .i. hi cumachtæ gl. in manu (regis), Ml. 34c19 . hond ammaim gl. Israhelitarum manu, 36d19 .

(b) band, host: ám gl. fuerit omnis manus hostium caesa, Ml. 36b21 . dían a ṅámmsa (consonating with clandsa, mindsa, frimmsa) `this band', Fél. Dec. 18 . ámna (ám na MS) huathmara na nÉutrustecda, TTr.² 625 .

1 att

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 att or dil.ie/4925
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ait, atai, aitt, a.

n g s. in atta, LB 142b47 . ait cited Meyer Contribb. p. 155 . n p. atai, Laws iv 16.10 Comm. aitt, H 3.18, 84 b4 . Swelling, protuberance, tumour: a.¤ gl. tuber, Sg. 61b16 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). co roráith at a cend furi her head began to swell, Vita Br. 42 . con attaibh swollen, Blathm. 443 . go ros lín a.¤ ┐ infithsi mar anáil i llés. TBC-LL¹ 3803 . ro lín tra a.¤ a tengaid , Three Hom. 68.18 . beim facaib feith . . . 'na glas no 'na at no 'na derg swollen, Laws iii 360.23 Comm. cor loigsetar atai na (= no) bolga for a gruaidib, iv 16.10 Comm. rogab iarum a.¤ in n-ingin ┐ ro dún a comlaich con dostacht a hanál, LL 200a36 . atraachtatar Lagin . . . i cúslaigib (sic) a scíath i n-attaib al-lúrech rounded parts(?), RC xiii 90 § 111 . at bronn, O'Cl. s.v. comhaille. at no gearb, Levit. xiii 2 . is inund opostema ri rād ┐ a.¤ boill = dicitur enim apostema . . . tumor, Rosa Angl. 162.5 . haitt glun, name of a disease of horses, H 3.18, 84 b4 . ? ilbheadhgadh is at na bhfear `wounding', Content. xii § 8 . ? in Dond Mide bebais aitt, ZCP xii 234.3 (see Celtica iii 264 n.1 ). ? regaid éc aitti, 238.z. a.¤ dícenn see 2 dícenn. sarcia (= sarcoma) .i. at idhan, ACL i 337 § 130 . Fig. a.¤ ┐ annini na curadu sin `swelling and fury', TTebe 380 . astān cen at `ohne Vermessenheit', Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. xix (1918) 372 § 11 .

As vn. act of swelling: mili reith ar n-a nat d'olaind, Leb. Cert. 48.11 . iar n-at ┐ ionbholgadh fris an reódh, Hugh Roe 24.5 (fo. 7a) . do-bhéra . . . ar do bholg at, Numbers v 21 . nach bfaicenn tu a cíoch ar nat, O'Gr. Cat. 629.23 . go tarla in muir . . . ag at ┐ ag ēirghe, ML² 693 . an t-anbhfann lag ar n-at amuigh (of Lazarus full of sores at the gate), Hackett xxiv 7 . cum atta a n-aithchi (d'at a n-aichtedh v.l.), De Contemptu 2225 . Fig. atá dream . . . 'ar nat súas, 1 Corinth. iv 18.19 .

See atchomall, athchomlacht.

balb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. balb or dil.ie/5287

adj o, ā.

(a) of creatures, etc. dumb, silent; of speech, stammering, inarticulate (?); murmurous: b.¤ ab eo quod est balbus, Corm. Y 146. b.¤ a balbo, O'Mulc. 120. ro sich breithir nad bu balbh `spoke an eloquent word', Blathm. 224. co mbreithir bailb, Rawl. 78b13 . osgar cach a gceird araile .i. is balbh cach a nealadhain a cheile, O'Curry 1606 ( 23 Q 6 5 a ). lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc neolais (of an unskilled pleader), 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20b ). fili b.¤ ra throisc aicce ar co tissed a erlabra dó, LL 371c5 . biid balba mar bad marbu sib, YBL 154a42 . na hidla bódra balba, PH 967. a chlanna Lir / . . . go nGaoidheilg mbailb murmurous, Atlantis iv 122.25 . romescad a menma coma balba buaidirthi na briathra rolabrad, TTebe 3368 . ag dúilibh balbha, DDána 110.23 . maidhm oirdhreic na mbéimeann mbalbh (`soundless blows'—of overthrow of Egyptians in the Red Sea), Hackett xlii 40 .

pn As epithet: Scál B., LL 1085. mac Aengusa Bailbh, AFM i 108.z.

(b) Of water, weather, etc. still, calm, silent: de brú Berbae balbae, Fél. Dec. 22. úa ríg Srúba Brain bailbe, Metr. Dinds. iii 282.73 . im rīgh Delbhna dar balbh sreabh, ZCP viii 224 § 33 . Cf. Magauran 1572 . síon bhalbh, KMMisc. 174 § 32 . Cf. Magauran 1421 . mar bhóchna bhailbh, DDána 93.10 .

Compds. With nouns: balbduine, IT iii 102 § 188. an balblasair / bhīas ōs an mbith, ZCP viii 207 § 40. ó bhalbhthuinn ag béin re tír the murmuring wave (?), Magauran 2642 . With adjj. a mhac . . . balbh-boghar deaf and dumb, ITS xvi 94.13 . ó Éirne . . . bhalbhghlain, DDána 70.9 . ón Bhóinn bhailbhrighin, Aithd. D. 34.14 . With adjj. derived from nouns: eo saorchuain bhailbhealtaigh Bhreagh haunted by twittering (?) bird-flocks, DDána 117.36 . i mBreaghmhuigh bhailbhéanaigh, Aithd. D. 4.3 .

bélrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bélrae or dil.ie/5638

Forms: bérla, bélre, bellrae, mbéelre, mbélre, bélri, bérli, belrai, bélru, belru, il-bélre, mbélre, il-béelre, il-bélrib, béarlaoi, berla

n io, n. also bérla (note -rl- in Wb. ex. cited below, see GOI 113 ). Later m.(bél). n s. bélre n-echtrann, Wb. 12c46 . cech mb.¤ , Ml. 42c12 , bellrae, 53d3 . a s. a mbéelre , Wb. 12d6 , mbélre, 13a2 . g s. bélri, Wb. 12a10 . bérli, 12d4 , belrai, Ml. 31b23 . d s. bélru, Wb. 12b23 , Sg. 31b13 , belru, Ml. 42c14 . a pl. il-bélre, Wb. 12c19 . g pl. inna mbélre , Wb. 13a26 . il-béelre, 12d7 . d pl. il-bélrib, 12b24 . Cf. a pl. béarlaoi, Timth. 1916, 38 , 38 § 14.

I

(a) speech, language: in belrai gl. ling[u]æ, Ml. 28b13 . máel dub fair ┐ belra formend leiss `stammering speech', BDD 114 ( LU 7599 ). ro chren a berla cach ṁbrúit his words (?) provided every history, LL 4424. bídh . . . / sbéis ag mnáibh i mbēarla mBriain, Magauran 230 . aslinge .i. absque linga .i. cen bērla nó tengaid , O'Mulc. 66. dúil bélrai glossary (belonging to the curriculum of the eighth year of poetic training) : duili bélraí (berla, v.l.) sicut est duil dromma cett (see 3 dúil) `Glossare' (182.21), IT iii 50 § 92.

(b) Of specific languages: ataat ilchenéle bérli isin biuthso gl. multa . . . genera lingarum, Wb. 12d4 . du cach belru la grecu `to every dialect among Greeks', Thes. ii 226.23 (PCr.). cech deidbli fil i mbērlæ is -ān nō -ēne dofūarusccuib, Corm. Y 1301. ced belrai inso (i.e. Latin), Trip. 128.7 . cen berla i tirib aneóil, SR 3448. gach son fordorcha gach berla `every obscure sound of every language', Auraic. 11. na dá bérlai (berla, v.l.) sechtmogat, Ériu iv 136.16 . ro fogluim an berla nEgebtacca, Laws i 20.9 Comm. tresan mberla Scoiteagdha, BB 38a30 . isin berla Grecdaí, ZCP xxx 101.6 . condat lia na cenela inaid na berlada, BB 3a9 . gen bérla in tíri i ndechatar, Celtica iv 18.10 . in berla i-n ro-genamar our native language, PH 5380. na berla ro cúmscaigit . . . ico'n tur, 5456 . o'n berla Ebraide, 5487 . o bélraib aingel (= 1 Corinth. xiii 1 ), 5909 . in Tenga Bithnua labhrustair o berlu angelacda `in the language of angels', Ériu ii 104 § 15.

Of the noises of animals: do berlaib cech mil bladmair, SR 7263. belra dligthech (spoken by birds) rational language, Ériu ii 118 § 54. béarla na n-éan, Measgra D. 56.23 .

Hence people, nation : ceneel na [= ná] belre, Wb. 28b1 . tuucthar hi cech belru gl. cunctis gentibus nota est, Ml. 42c2 . in lín catrach in cech threib ┐ in lín mbélra in cech cathraig, ┐ in lín doine im (leg. in ?) cech mbelra, LB 132b30 .

(c) In the mod. period specially of (the) English (language) : 'san mbérla, RC xxv 388 § 2. a hucht a bérla `relying on . . . her knowledge of the English language', AFM v 1530.12 . riaghail . . . S. Clára arna tionntúdh i ngaoidhilcc as bérla, Ériu xv 6 title. croinic Bhéarla Stanihurst, Keat. iii 5462. i Laidin i Scoitic ioná i mBéarla, Flower Cat. 574.z ( GJ xiv 714.67 ).

II In various technical phrases of special forms of language. Of the five divisions of Gaelic: cia lin cenel n-anmann . . . forsin ngaeidilg ? . . . a cóic .i. gaeidelg ┐ bérla teibide ┐ bérla Feni ┐ bérla n-etarscartha iter na feadaib aire[g]daib ┐ in gnath-bérla fognus do chach olcheana, Lec. Gl. 209. an Ghaedhealg . . . 'n-a cúig codchaibh, mar atá Béarla na Féine, Béarla na bhFileadh, Bearla an Eadarscartha, Béarla Teibidhe is Gnáithbhéarla, Keat. ii 140. b.¤ (Féine) (the language of) the Laws ; law, the legal enactments : epscop ┐ saoi berla féne, AFM ii 636.12 . brathchai .i. bretho Cai, ainm aicepta bēlri `a reading of law' (Index), O'Mulc. 125. condelg mbélri (mbearla, mberla, v.ll.), O'Dav. 843. roslá bérla breithemhan, LL 386a36 = sós la . . ., Leb. Cert.² 160.2 . suí Berla a doctor of the `Bérla Féine', Laws i 16.23 Comm. (of a Leinster king) ba hollom berla Féne, Metr. Dinds. iv 344.29 . Crith Gablach graece crisis .i. iudicium, nomen aiciuchta bēlrai, O'Mulc. 229. is e sin othrus is luga isin mberla, O'Curry 587 (H. 3.18. 290). Cf. Keat. ii 140 cited above.

For b.¤ (bán) biait see biait. Note also: imróefet fri berla / o Róim (glossed .i. imrádfit berla Románach), LU 9841.

b.¤ n-etarscartha: berla n-edarscartha etir na feadhaib language of separation between the vowels, Auraic. 210. See etarscarad. b.¤ (na filed) a poetic jargon, an artificial language practised by the poets, `part of the sixth year's course of the student-fili,' fili (for poems in B. na f. see Meyer, ZCP v 482 - 490 ; RC xi 125 , xiii 220 ). (of the ánrad poet) belru na filedh as a naicillidh cách dib aloile, O'D. 1214 (H. 2.15, 84a). b.¤ fortchide see 1 fortchide. b.¤ teipide, tóbaide the selected language, Gaelic , see teipe, teipide, tóbaide: go bhfuilid focail as gach aointeangaidh ar airleagadh san cheathramhadh mír don Ghaedhilg ré ráidhtear Béarla Teibidhe, Keat. ii 948.

borrfad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. borrfad or dil.ie/6420
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: borrfaid

n o and u (borr. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 14 ) (act of) swelling up, expanding, increasing (often fig.): rolín tra att ┐ b.¤ a tengaid in a cinn = intumuit caput eius cum lingua, Lat. Lives 77 § 70. b.¤ mara romra surge of a great sea, SG 376.3 . do bí b.¤ bisig ar a ghalar `his disease increased mightily', Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.23 . for b.¤ with expanding power, MacCarthy 180.10 . iar mborrfadh da clainn ` exaltation ', 422.3 . doluidh Ailill . . . co mborrfadaibh (: corrtharaibh), ZCP xii 358.14 . is cosmail lemm . . . / fri b.¤ nō side builg (of a vain person), ZCP vi 267 § 9. a inghen Dondc[h]ada druin / ara fil borrfadho ban who indulgest in the exaggerations of women (?), Fianaig. 42.3 (see Éigse xiii 311 ). niro thallastar a úaill . . . nach a b.¤ . . . i nErind (of Cú Roí), LU 9047 ( FB 79 ). inund cumachta ros car. / inund úaill inund b.¤ , LL 3248. rop é rí in borrfaith cen brath `of brave show', Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 23 = in ri borrfaid, Rawl. 164a8 . rí in borrfada 's in bissig `of magnificence and betterment', Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 29. tria b.¤ n-aicenta `pride', MR 78.26 . do thraoth méad borrfaidh Bhanbha / ar n-éag d'onchoin Eachlabhra, Magauran 4255 .

Of swelling, becoming swollen with rage, wrath, fury; fierceness: b.¤ barainn (rhet.), TBC-I¹ 3561. lasa réim ┐ lasa mb. tra ronucsat láith gaile fer nUlad uli im Chonchobar, LU 8578 ( FB 44 ). a bruth ┐ a bríg ┐ a b.¤ , 8622 ( FB 46 ). b.¤ Cuind focroithfe Éirinn, Airne F. 274. in domon im-medon a áese ┐ a borrfaid, a utmaille ┐ a dívmais `its indignation', TTr.² 831. co mborrfadh ┐ barainn, uaille ┐ diumuis `with rage and fury', BNnÉ 303 § 14 . im burach do thene, Laws i 166.27 .i. im borrfadh mhar dogni, 170.20 Comm. lá borrfadh bríghe `with boisterous vigour', AFM v 1766.z . As attrib. g s.: ó mac Bregoin borrfaid (: tolcaib) `of B. the wrathful', Metr. Dinds. ii 54.21 . na bruige borrfadha (? read borrfadhacha) ainbisigh `rough . . . farms', MR 100.14 .

5 de

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 de or dil.ie/14791
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: de, dé, dæ, de, -de

prep -te, -ti added to comparatives, corresponding in sense to Lat. eo, Eng. the. Identical with 1 de, di from it, because of it. In Oir. still treated as an independent word and always written de ( dé, Wb. 22 d 2 ; dæ, Ml. 90 a 11 = de); in Mid.-Ir. wholly enclitic and written together with the comparative, the unaspirated, now intervocalic, -d- according to the rules of spelling being written -t-: córaite (Oir. córu de). -d slender at all phases of the language and never discarded (Quiggin's explanation of `a chách,' Quiggin Vorton. Wörter 34 , is wrong). Its place is immediately after the comparative, only exceptionally separated from it by an enclitic word as Ml. 23 d 23 : [im]mi ardu ni de; ib. 83 b 11 : bid étrummu doib de.

In certain points the Mid.-Ir. usage diverges from Oir. In the Glosses -de is used proleptically, referring in a general way to a cause which follows introduced by the prep. di or trí, e.g.:

A robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forru they were the more famous for the evil that was inflicted on them Ml. 47 a 18 . airmi ardu ni de tri dul isna lucu arda for we are the higher for going into high places ib. 23 d 23 . is huilliu de mo ḟreiscsiu do (= di) neuch rorádis su, Thes. ii 2. 34 .

.

B (di, tri + vn. + gen.) conid étrummu dæ in bochtae...tri frescissin messa fíriéin ind ríg doib iarum so that the poverty is the lighter through their expectation of the just judgment of the king afterwards Ml. 90 a 11 . is moltaidiu de tri tabairt fortachtan cid du neuch nachidáirilli it is the more praiseworthy through giving help even to one who does not deserve it ib. 84 c 13 . ( LU 60 a 38 fri seems used in a similar way: rafetammár ém in gilla sin ┐ ní messaite fria fis is dalta dún.)

— In Mid.-Ir. the prepositional expression was completely abandoned. The usage is illustrated by the following examples.

A corresp. to A above: is moti a pian som cach olc dorónsat their suffering is the greater for the evil they have committed LU 33 b 3 . ba nertiti leis a menma na scéla adfiadar dó in gilla, SCC § 20 . is córaiti hí a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been tested Laws ii 252. 12 . ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrlum the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. ii 414. 23 . Cf. i 152. 23 ; ii 88. 5 ; iii 418. 5 . finnaid dún in líon atám. ni meisde nech uaib a rád, Acall. 1101. 6528 . comad móti in pian dó beth beo co fotai isin croich, PH 2439 . rocumbrig Ísu in ernaigthe sea...co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair that it should be the easier to remember to every one for being short ib. 7862 .

B corresp. to B above: ni mescaiti hé in lind dól he is none the more intoxicated for having drunk the ale Laws iii 202. 6 (Oir. † ní mescu de dóul (or di óul) ind lenno dó, RC xxxvii 218 ). is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan lé the bellowing of the cow is the more melodious for her calf being left with her ib. v 62. 19 . ib. 20 , 27 ; 40. 10 . i 138. 4 f.b. ropo móde in firt sa do dénam it was the greater for the working of this miracle (note on Broccán's Hymn), Thes. i 346. 21 . conid móti éstither riu immad erlabra do dénum that the more attention would be paid them for their much speaking PH 7840 . ni feirrde neach bás súaiṁneach dḟaghbháil ara leabaidh dhó, TSh. 236. 10 .— Sg. 2 a 7 : bith má de do buith daitsiu hi coimthecht oco it will be the greater for thy being associated in it, does not represent the Mid.-Ir. type, as do is not the possessive but the prep. di.

Often corresponding to preceding cach + subst.: cach mét donóir ṡægalta i mbía nech is móiti a guasacht the more a person possesses of worldly honour the greater his danger YBL 167 b 32 . cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom ac toitim the higher the fruit...the heavier ib. 167 b 35 ; but Mod.-Ir: dá aoirde an toradh iseadh is truime , &c. Already Laws iii 420. 3 f.b. : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú. cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú the more sensible...the more unlawful, &c.

With multiplicatives: áibinniti fo deich ten times as beautiful LL 151 b 1 f.b. áigthidiu de, áigthidite the more dreaded : arimp áigthidiude, Wb. 23 d 23 . ansu de, ansaite the heavier , eo gravius: air is ansu de a dothaim mani airissedar ind lám fri talmain occo, Ml. 131 b 4 . curap andsati (v.l. ánsude), Trip. 218. 20 . ardu de, ardaite the higher : cia thés hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23 d 23 . airtem .i. airdiu de indem a eiṁ fair, Laws ii 240. 1 . armad ardiu crand is móide co mór benaid na gætha fris the higher a tree is the more do the winds beat against it YBL 167 b 32 . roimpá form Finnachta ní ba airdite a ḟine, LL 308 a 22 . assu de, usaite the easier : is assu de tabairt in ferso huachtaraig, Ml. 107 c 16 . usaite le in torad dogní ó láim inn [f]uath ledb ina fiadnaisi, Laws i 152. 23 . comad usaidi do bidbaid a fagail (sc. the debts), ib. iii 152. 13 . ussaite, Fél.² xxxii 34 . bindiu de, bindite the sweeter : is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan le, Laws v 62. 19 . buidechu de, budigiu de, budechaiti the more satisfied: tabar in deired fledi do mathib Lochlainne corop budechaiti iat, CRR 20. 8 . calmu de, calmaite the braver : is nertmairite┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . córu de, córaite the more proper : is córaiti hi a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been proved by its tests Laws ii 252. 12 . dánu de, dánaite the more audacious : co mbad dánaite tísad diabul dia aimsiugud, PH 4781 . deccru de the harder : deacraide, TSh. 257. 26 . BS 54. 10 . deissiu de: deiside the nicer, &c. P. O'C. 1531 . dligthigiu de, dligthigite , dligthechaiti the more lawful : cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú, Laws iii 420. 1 f.b. dligthidiu de, dligthite the more lawful : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú, ib. 420. 2 f.b. Cf. dligite, indligite in the corresp. passage, ib. 198. 17 sq.; but dlighthighi, ii 202. 6 , dlithidhe, iii 524. 2 do not, as Atkinson thinks, contain -de. dóchu de, dóchaite the more likely : dochaite in gním do dénum dó uair adeir it is more likely that he has committed the deed for he says so Laws iii 110. 3 f.b. Lism. L. 390 b . Anecd. ii 36 § 21 . Bor. 105 . dochaidi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 332. 15 . dothíde, Seanchaint 205 . doilgiu de, doilgite the more difficult: anscuiche .i. is doilgiti a scuchad...ó bias fola lánlóige and, Laws iii 12. 19 . duibiu de the blacker : duibhide, P. O'C. 1531 . dúthrachtachu de, -taigite the more zealous, earnest : cumad dúthrachtaigite dobérmaisne ár menmain inár nernnaigthi, PH 7849 . erdarcu de, erdarcaite the more famous Ml. 47 a 18 , quoted above. erusu de, erusaite the easier: co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair, PH 7862 . essamnu de, essamnaite the more fearless: it essamnu de ar rofitetar is, &c., Wb. 23 b 12 . étrummu de, étrumaite the lighter Ml. 90 a 11 , quoted above. dia tartaid si fortachtain doib som bid étrummu doib de, ib. 83 b 11 . ferr de the better : ciarud-chualatar ilbélre ┐ cenuslabratar nípat ferr de, Wb. 12 d 28 . bieid [ní ?] bes ferr de, ib. 32 a 13 . cumad ḟearrde áith that its strength might be the better Laws ii 240. 6 . acht ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrluṁ the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. 414. 23 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do chindemain aigi, v 20. 27 . nír bo measaiti seom ┐ níbot ferdi sio, YBL 112 a 48 . ferrdi a Íssa haithnisi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338. 3 . conid ferrde lemsa cech pian fogéb ar ainm ṅDé, PH 2427 . dá mad hé in bith uli dogébtha maille re díth tanma cá bud ḟerrde dosin, ib. 7582 . ní ferrde le Find féin scél do dénam fair, Acall. 5358 . fíriánu de the more righteous : condid f.d., Wb. 2 a 7 . fotu de the longer : faidite, Acall. 6811 . gairddiu de, gardditi the shorter : gardditi lind éistecht riss mad colléic, LL 96 b 54 . Acall. 6815 . Laws ii 216. 7 . gairdi is used in the same sense as gardditi, cf. siaiti, ib. l. 10 . giliu de the brighter : gilide, P. O'C. 1531 . imdu de, imdaite the more abundant : ut gratia habundet .i. corop imdu de duún, Wb. 3 a 12 . condib imdu de torand inna forgnúso, Sg. 198 a 4 . inducbaidiu de the more glorious : robtar i. de apud deum , Ml. 47 a 18 . irlamu de, urlamaite the readier: omnis autem qui in agone contendit ab omnibus sé abstinet .i. armbad irlamu de don buaith, Wb. 11 a 7 . is bés dósom cosc inna mban i tossug...armbat irlamude ind ḟir fo chumachte Dæi, ib. 22 c 10 . irlithiu de, irlithite the more obedient: armbat irlithiu dé mandatís dei , Wb. 22 d 2 . ísliu de the lower : íslide, Lec. 534 a 11 . lainniu de, laindite the more eager : co mbad laindite leo in forcetul do gabáil do láim, PH 6759 . lemnethu de or slemnethu de the more willing : ardislemnethu de do hícc inna fiach, Wb. 4 a 10 . lethnu de the broader : leithneide, Rel. Celt. i 159. 101 . lia de, liaiteeo plus, eo plures : hóre am essamin se precepte...is lia de creitfess, Wb. 23 b 7 . imurcruidh dáine do thiachtain do chaithiuṁ in bídh célsine uair nocha liauite in biad...cia beth, &c., for the food is not the more plentiful though, &c., Laws ii 28. 17 . luathu de, luathaite the quicker: is airi doníthar in tréiniugadh so orra comad luathaide dosoisdís a féich dḟeichemain toichida, Laws iii 152. 12 . lugu de, lugaiteeo minus : ní lughaiti dlighes in gairi do dénuṁ they are not the less bound to undertake the maintenance Laws ii 192. 5 . noco lugaite smacht ná díre in coma bith indligedh, ib. iii 418. 5 . cé beith nech...noco lugaiti dligus a fochraic díc ris, iv 48. 24 . nuchu lugaidi is grád hé céli do beth aigi, v 40. 10 . dothéged Étáin cach dia dia athreos ┐ ba lugaide a galar som ón do suidiu, TE § 9 LU. rodígaib a thuara ┐ nírbo lugaide a nert Lugdach, Thes. ii 344. 29 . is aire roartraig in taingel hi ṅgné solais in tṡnechta comad lugaiti nobídgtis na banscala riana ḟacsin, PH 3384 . co mbad lugaide, ib. 5207 . (rotescad a tengaid) arái ní lugati dogníd sum forcetul in popuil inní sin, ib. 2549 . scarad cuirp ┐ anma ┐ ni lugaite marus in tanumm, ib. 7480 . mailliu de, maillite the slower : is gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine i nadnocul conid maillite thinaid, PH 7023 . mescu de, mescaite the more intoxicated: noco mescaiti hé in lind dól, Laws iii 202. 6 . messa de, mesaite, meiste, miste the worse. messude, Trip. 218. 9 Eg. mesaidie: cia...nir uó m., IT i 109. 6 . messaite: rafetammar in gillu sin ┐ ní m. fria fis is dalta dún, LU 60 a 38 . mesaite LU 54 a 17 . messaiti, SR 1244 . LL 106 b d . measaiti YBL 112 a 48 . SG 70. 24 . mesaidi FDG. MR 14. 22 . meisti: is m. lóg a roind, Laws iii 462. 17 , 19 .; ib. 478. 24 . mana derntai...bud meisti dáibh, RC xiv 56 . CRR 20 § 14 . cá bud ḟerrdi ┐ cá bud mesti, PH 7582 . ní meisde nech uaib (a rád), SG 118. 25 . miste, ib. 97. 35 . misde: is m. nár bhuan a leithéit, Atlantis iv 226. 4 .—Cf. messa s.v. olc. moltaidiu de the more praiseworthy: is m. d. tri tabairt fortachtan, Ml. 84 c 13 . móo de, móite eo maior, eo maius. móo de, Wb. 2 a 8a . SCC § 10 . mou de, Ml. 53 c 13 . moaide Laws ii 404. 11 . mouite, ii 22. 1 . moaite, ii 202. 1 . mó de, Wb. 29 c 4 . mode, Thes. ii 346. 27 . bith má de eo maius erit Sg. 2 a 7 . maiti, Trip. 114. 22 . cumud móite, Laws ii 22. 17 . noco moite, iii 406. 7 f.b. ba mote, LU 121 b 33 . móti, LL 206 a 21 . PH p. 806 b . bid moti bas trén mo scél, LU 119 b 3 . nucu moiti, Laws ii 414. 2 . móide, ML 40. 9 . moide, Laws ii 88. 5 . moidi, ib. 350. 18 . YBL 158 a 46 ; 167 b 32 .—Cf. mór. nertaidiu de the stronger : nertiti, SCC § 20 . nertmairite the stronger : is nertmairite ┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . óibindiu de, áibinnite the more beautiful : is áibinniti fo deich, LL 151 b 1 f.b. prapaiti the quicker : comad prapaidi noḟoirbred, Lec. 441 b 35 . sia de, siaite the longer: condib sia de, Sg. 201 b 16 . siaiti, Laws ii 216. 10 . is siaidi a anad, ib. i 282. 43 . siaide, MR 318. 17 . siauite, Laws ii 28. 18 ; 114. 5 . socomlu de, socomlaite the easier : co mbad tṡoccomlaite do Ísu marcachus do dénum, PH 4455 . soimbertu de the more easily plied: bennachais Patraic na iarnu comdar s.d. (v.l. soimberta de), Trip. 218. 21 . soirthiu de, soirthite the easier: s.d. in labrad di, &c., the easier is the pronunciation from, &c., Sg. 15 a 4 . suthnu de, suthnaiti lasting the longer Lec. 441 b 37 . tanu de, tanaite the thinner : á sémigud co mbí tanu de, Ml. 34 a 27 . tressa de, tressaite the stronger : co mbad t.d. hiress apstal do fulung tribulationum, Wb. 25 a 14 . Mid.-Ir. treisidi, TBC-LL¹ 2484 Y. trummu de, trumaite the heavier : trummute, Lism. L. ix 13 LL (trumaidi, Lism.). cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom oc toitim, YBL 167 b 34 . tromaide, AFM 1768. 19 . truimite, Acall. 5152 . uilliu de, uillite the greater : Thes. ii 2. 34 . uilliti hé in dá sreith do beth air, Laws i 138. 4 f.b. iv 34. 29 .

MOD. Suffixed to any adjective: ní folláinede madra marbh é bheith san uisge glan. Ní milsede an domblas é bheith i nárthach airgid. Níor ṁeasa do dhuine rud do ghearrfadh a sgórnach ná sgian óir. Aran gcuma gcéadna ní folláinede ┐ ní milsede ┐ ní macántaide sgéal neaṁcháidh é bheith dá innsint i ngaedhilg uasail, P. O'Leary GJ vi 110 . Other comparatives from the mod. literary period are deiside, gilide, giorraide, liaide, siaide, teoide, usaide. —But in the spoken language usually confined to a small number of adjectives. Very common are fearrde, miste, móide (q.v.), idiomatically used with the copula and the prepositions la and do. The original sense has been obscured and as a living comparative particle -de seems obsolete.

do-glen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-glen or dil.ie/17740

Forms: toglenamon

v (*to-glen-) clings, cleaves, adheres to: unde dicitur isna Brethaib Nemeth: d.¤ gil tengaid , Corm. Y 676 . ní toighlen bá don iarraid `no profit from the fosterage fee clings (to her)', O'Dav. 279 = ní d.¤ , Laws ii 164.8 Comm. na toglen somaine collna set, ii 336.6 .i. noco deglenand ni don flaith do shomaine a set, 11 Comm. co na toiglen ni a fiacla as oc a gleith `that no part of (the earth) sticks to their teeth while grazing', iv 96.19 . na toiglean dris na droigean . . . na homan a moing . . . that no briar, etc. sticks in its mane, 276.10 Comm. Hence pursues: atfiadhat febh doglenta `they relate how they had been pursued', Hugh Roe 100.20 . Vn. toglenamon. See ? dofoglen.

1 féith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 féith or dil.ie/21518
Last Revised: 2019

n f.

(a) a kidney (only in Glosses) : f.¤ no áru (gl. rien) Sg. 96b4 , 63b14 . is ho fethib gnitir comaccobra ┐ imraiti (gl. de renibus) Ml. 38a5 . Here probably : drúis .i. toil féithe (expl. of tuilḟéth), Triads 142 gl .

(b) a fibre, sinew (perh. the orig. meaning), later also a vein, artery, vessel (meanings not always clearly distinguished): transl. Lat. nervus in med. MSS. gl. fibra Sg. 100a2 . do ḟéith bic bis fon tengaid this (gl. sublinguae) Gild. Lor. 132 . na fethi (gl. fibras) ib. 223 . neruus ... .i. ... feith, O'Gr. Cat. 261.30 . fuil ... oc na hairdbenar alt no feich bloodshed wherewith no joint or sinew is cut Laws v 142.8 . lethdire la aithgin on midach ... ma ro airdbenustar alt no feich, iii 320.21 Comm . cen tescud alta nā feithe, v 488.5 Comm. bánbéim na fagaib feith fo saoth .i. fo tinnes, O'D. 826 (< H 3.17, 590 ). imruidbiset ... fēithi do chridi indit, TBC-I¹ 2828 . connach fail f.¤ itir icá immuluṅg there is not a sinew supporting it (the heart) TBC-LL¹ 4386 . eter féoil ┐ chnámib ┐ féthib ┐ lethar, 4623 . cech f.¤ gablanach boi tar a mbrecbolcaib (of famished people) LB 155a27 . ro loitt in gái féthi do braget, IT i 103.12 ( ScM. 14 ). fo lin alta ┐ feithe fil i curp duine, RC xv 487 § 1 . dim cēt aisle dim cét ḟethi dim cēt cnámha, ZCP vi 258.16 . ro cirred ... ind lám ... acht con[da]ácaibset na féthi frisin corp `the arm was mangled ... save that the sinews kept it [joined] to the body' BDD 167 . nach ithid clanna Israel ... don ḟéich do chrap `the sinew which shrank' Gen. xxxii 32 . urchóidi[dh] ... dona féthibh (gl. nocet nervis) O'Gr. Cat. 260.28 . fuil a feithib veins ZCP vii 299.15 . gan bhraon id' ḟéithibh d'ḟuil ríogh, Keat. Poems 575 . (Fig.) i ngréas file is feárr féithe `of cleverer vein' Ó Bruad. iii 144 . Cf. cuirp ḟéthe ; tre ḟéthibh edarbha, Ériu xiii 37. 19 ; 27 .

Compds. : ¤fuilech : comruc feithfhuilech vein-wounding ZCP vi 97.24 . ¤remar thick of vein or sinew: sinis a láimh ... ḟéithremhar sinewy RC xxix 142.18 . ¤síned sinew-stretching: féithsined a bhféith `straining of their sinews' MR 256.20 .

See 1 féithech.

3 gil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 gil or dil.ie/25839

n a leech : gil ┐ gilcach .i. quia in gelidis locis [nascuntur] , O'Mulc. 653 . gilldæ (= a youth, a pupil ) .i. is fri gil is cosmail. Is ē didiu a bēs aide .i. tossugad (= do ṡugud, LB). Iss ē dono bēssad in gilla tosugud (do ṡugud, LB) forcetail do t[h]engaid a fithidire, unde dicitur ... doglen gil tengaid , Corm. Y 676 . gil an sugad (? -aid) seng, Metr. Gl. 33 § 16.

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace(?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach, DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail, AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech, H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis: athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

losc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. losc or dil.ie/30704
Last Revised: 2019

adj o, ā

(a) lame, halt, crippled : clodus .i. l.¤ , O'Mulc. 242. loscc, bacach, Metr. Gl. 27 § 33. Similarly, O'Cl.; Stowe Gl. 448 ; Lec. 168 , 419 . lorc isind laim . . . is samlid insin imme-[t]ét . . . int ais lósc (infirmorum), Ml. 45c9 . íccaid luscu la truscu, Thes. ii 316.2 ( Hy. ii 34 ) (.i. bacuchu). im fuba do grega .i. . . . co mbet luisc, no ni rethait itir, O'Curry 797 ( H 3.18, 370 ). nach l.¤ .i. in duine bacach, O'D. 554 ( H 3.17, 438 ). loscud .i. sōud cuicti conid loisc de .i. bacac[h], Corm. Y 844 . ni cuitbe . . . l.¤ ciarba lúath, Tec. Corm. § 12.6 . Cairpri l.¤ . . . .i. C. baccach, Cóir Anm. 28. in Mórrígan . . . ┐ sí cáech l.¤ oc blegón bó triphne lame LU 6247 . ? cethnait cromm lom loscc, Ériu vii 199 § 7 (lesc, v.l.). nídat l.¤, nídat dall, nídat truag, nídat clam, Irish Texts iv 118.25 . macán lasc, Lism. L. 4643 . Donn losg, ALC i 482.9 = Dondchad Baccach, Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . Adv. dha lua is leth reann diobh go losg `two feet and one of them lame', ZCP iii 378.13 ( .i. bacach, p. 381 ) (B. na f.). As subst. [o, m.] iar leicches dall ┐ loscc ┐ lán-bhacach the halt and the lame, BNnÉ 273 § 248 .

(b) Other applications: losg .i. cáoch, O'Cl. (incorrect inference from LU 6248). Fig. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis deficient, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ); cf. O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ). domrigne l.¤ lén decrepit, infirm(?), LL 18583 (`blind', PRIA xix (1893) 548 § 26 ).

(c) As subst. o, m. deficiency, scarcity (?) in phr. i lusc: fil secht suilse ara rusc / ni scél fácbala hi lusc, LU 3819 . a dal feine fil i l.¤ / ni thard aire fria tinchosc, Anecd. ii 68.14 (a ll.¤ , v.l.). a lan do mil, ni fil [i] lusc / la cach firbairgin, buan in cusc `without deficiency', Laws v 40.20 Comm .

Compd. ¤ogam: caechanogam . . . l. .i. inann iat, Auraic. 577.

1 lúa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lúa or dil.ie/30750

Forms: lue, lue, luie, lue, lau, lua, láu, luu, lū, lua, lú, luí

n earlier lue (disyll.?) [io] n s. lue, Sg. 50a20 . a s. luie, MU² 959. lue, 963 . d s. lau (láu, lua, vll.), BDD² 929. láu, LU 9388. luu, LU 9699. LL 277a42 . lū, Cáin Ad. 23. n d. dha lua , ZCP iii 378.12 = dā lú , v 484.1 . Perh. orig. same word as luí, which, however, differs in gender and inflection. See also Études Celt. xxxiii 81-82 .

I

(a) heel, foot; hoof (in some exx. could equally be transl. kick, cf. follg. sections): sal nó lue gl. calx (`heel or kick'), Sg. 50a20 . tēora gāire mallacht for cech ferscāl nomuirbfeth mnái a deis nā clí ná lū nā tengaid , Cáin Ad. 23 . lúth mo da l.¤ (glossed mo choiss) `the vigour of my heels', Ériu i 72 § 1. In B. na f. dha lua is lethreann diobh go losg `two feet and one of them lame', ZCP iii 378. 12 = dā lú, v 484.1 . focheird úir da luib taris hooves, LL 8852 ( TBC-LL¹ 1491 ) (of the `Dond Cualnge'). Perh. also in follg.: ó mir nó ó dúrnn nó o l.¤ (lau, BDD2) `with a bite(?) or a blow or a kick', BDD 94. col-lūib ┐ co ndornaib `with kicks and blows of his fists', Ériu ii 24.12 . cin coisi . . . .i. in lua, Laws i 240.16 Comm .

(b) With verbs of striking etc. spurns (in lit. sense), kicks: dobert a luie frisin comlai colluid a chos trethe, MU² 959. atnaig a l.¤ frisin muine luachrái `he gives his kick to the rush-brake', Fél. 180.24 . doratas mo lua fris `I gave my kick to it', 27 . atacomcussa com láu/condarrala i mbrosnacha, LU 9388 . ata-biu com luu I will slay her with my kick, ZCP iii 216.5 (= LU 9699 , LL 277a42 ). dobered lua do `he would give him a kick', TTebe 259 .

(c) In phr. l.¤ fri: lue fri lūag (luige re lōg, v.l.) one who tramples on (spurns) his wages(?), Bruchst. i 29 § 64 . lua [fri] brot, Aen. 751 , cf. ba lua fri borb ┐ ba beim cind fri hall kicking against a goad, LL 225b38 ( TTr. 629 ).

(d) blow with the heel, kick : tuc C. lua da choiss friasi, LL 7491 . rabretha trénlua tarpech da choiss úad, 9847 ( TBC-LL¹ 2776 ). is dúaig in lua . . . sin, 11206 ( TBC-LL¹ 4411 ). a bedg, no redg, no lua `a start, or a fit, or a kick', Laws iii 180.17 Comm .

See 6 lúa.

mil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mil or dil.ie/32220
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: mil, melo, mela, mil, Milbheoil, milbéla, milbuilci

n i, f., d s. di mil , Wb. 7d9 (only instance in Glosses). g s. frois melo , AU 717 ; later mela. mil f. IGT Dec. § 149.

Honey: gl. mel, Ir. Gl. 974. m.¤ .i. mel ro truailled and (i.e. it is a corruption of Lat. mel), Corm. Y 888. im ur do macuibh airiuch, m.¤ do macuib righ, Laws ii 148.22 Comm. cóic fichit bargen cruithnechta . . . iarna fuine tria m.¤ , FB 9. m.¤ is mes in cech tir (sign of a prosperous reign), ZCP viii 109.4 . deol mela a mecna[ib] ibair (of a futile undertaking), MacCongl. 71. 28 , cf. buain mhela a mecnaib iobhuir, Anecd. ii 72. criathar mela honey-comb , PH 6711. milse na meala, TSh. 585. (cryptic) maincil .i. mil, Goid. 78 § 227 (Dúil Laithne) . mincil(l) .i. mil, 76 § 91 , ZCP xlix-l 613 .

Compds. ¤bél n. honey-mouth , freq. as epithet: Conan Milbel mac in Dagda, RC xiii 9.13 , cf. Ériu v 224.99 . Cermait milbel mac an Dagda, Fianaig. 42 § 7 , cf. LL 266a38 ( MU 30.9 ). g s. Chearmada Milbheoil , Keat. i 108.6 . Loegair[e] Milbél, TBC-LL¹ 4832. pl. milbéla druinecha `skilful women are honey-mouthed', Tec. Corm. § 13.37 . ¤bláith: Maol Milscothach milblaith, Anecd. ii 68. ¤bolc m. honey-bag: g s. (as ā, f.) mac milbuilci mela, MacCongl. 123.36 . ¤briathrach sweet-worded: a ddēin miding milbriathraig, IT iii 106.20 . ¤scoth: aliu tech Midchuarta milscothaib with honeyed words (?), IT iii 51 § 94 . miollscoithi .i. milisbhriathrach, O'Cl. ¤scothach: Mane m., BDD 42 , cf. Ériu ii 184.6 . Maol M. .i. milisbriathrach, Anecd. ii 47.16 . ¤tenga a sweet tongue, persuasive eloquence: atcota m. brethemnus, Anecd. iii 12.23 . Ailill Milteṅga, ZCP viii 218.13 . TBC-LL¹ 5471. ¤ tengaid (i, m. ?) one gifted with persuasive eloquence (?): bá dirsan nád boí m. dognéth córai fri Grécu, TTr.² 910. ¤tengthach: techtaire mláith m., Ériu iii 106 § 44.

orca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. orca or dil.ie/33954

Forms: orca, orcuin, orcni, orccni, oircne

n n, f. orca, IGT Dec. § 5. n p. orcuin, ib. ex. 258 ; orcni, LU 6448 ( TBC-LL¹ 1934 = orccni, TBC-LL¹ 2595 ); later oircne.

The calf of the leg : orc .i. colptha, O'Cl. cusna horcni, gl. suras, Gild. Lor. 181. im orcain ┐ im thairbḟeith mo choissi, Acall. 6800. co tarla erchor . . . i teṅgaid orcan Dondgillai, LL 306b5 ( RC xiii 104 § 136 ). tancatár a sála ┐ a orcni . . . co mbátar riam remi, TBC-LL¹ 1934. muil a orcan for a lurgnib, 1451 . lénti . . . co horcnib sís, 12 . léni . . . i caustul ga forcnib, TBC-LL¹ 5287 = có a oircnibh, St. da oircnibh ┐ da iosgadaibh, BS § 65. ag iomúaim . . . a n-iallchrann fria n-oircnibh ┐ traightibh, Hugh Roe 22.26 (f. 6b) , cf. AFM vi 1918.11 .

1 rind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rind or dil.ie/35318
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: rinnd, rind, rind, renda, renna, renna, rindi, rinni, rinna, rínd, rend, rinnib, rennaib, rind, -a, rind, rind, rinn, rinn, gabalrínd

n i, m. n s. in rinnd , Wb. 13d25 (but: rind n-āga, TBC-I¹ 3269 = r.¤ āig, TBC-LL¹ 5330 ; rind n-imgona, TTr.² 828 ). g s. renda, Ériu xiii 74 § 175 . renna, Ériu v 72.23 . n p. renna, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . a p. rindi, Thes. ii 294.15 ( SP iii ). rinni, LU 3363 ( SCC 15 ). ? rinna, LL 328b53 . g p. rínd, BCr. 18d3 . rend, LU 1271 , 6418 ( TBC-I¹ 1903 ), TBC-LL¹ 2562 . rinde, Blathm. 11 . d p. rinnib, LU 10365 . rennaib, 1255 . TBC-LL¹, 1284 . rind m. (g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 41.3 . rind f., § 149.11 .

(a) in general sense, a point, tip, apex : rind scine, Corm. Y 1119 . rind a (no i) crann a point in (of) a shaft , 1105 . rind, gl. cacumen , Ir. Gl. 1008 . rinn `a point', Eg. Gl. 227 ; synon. with corr, adharc, beann, corn, 119 . rinn `an atom, point, spot', 80 . Hence the point (of a weapon or sharp instrument): gl. aculeus, Wb. 13d25 . gabalrínd a pair of compasses (gl. circinus), BCr. 18d3 . rind snáthaite, TBC-LL¹ 4710 . coica bera ar a mbái rind, RC vii 300.157 ( LL. 207a26 ). eter rindi gaí, ZCP xi 84.1 (renna v.l.). tricha sleag ba rúadh reanda, viii 230 § 19 . reanna sleagh, IGT Dec. ex. 1042 . Hence used for a spear or pointed weapon (esp. in pl.): maigen na áigder rindi spear-points , Thes. ii 294.15 . nín-gabat renna nō airm nō faebair, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . ni geibtis renna no il-fhaibair e, Cog. 194.5 . na fir-sea thecait anair cona rendaib, LU 1255 ( Imr. Brain ii 288.2 ). ro ringthea co rrindib, Fél. Prol. 37 . bás di (do) rind `death by point', a violent death; cf. docer in rí de ruadrind, LL 129a28 ( MacCarthy 194 § 2 ). gura[b] bás do rind nos-bera, LB 273a20 , cf. CCellaig 117 . fuair bás do rinn, BNnÉ 226 § 126 , cf. 121 § 59 . go fuair a raghuin do rinn, Irish Texts ii 14 § 28 . tre rind ┐ faebar `by point and edge', by force of arms : ba tria rinn ┐ fhaebhar dus-fucc Ó D. ina mhuinteardhas, Hugh Roe 56.12 (f. 15b) . an tí dorad [Ó D.] ina chéillsine tria rinn ┐ fhaobhar, 274.14 (f. 73a) .

In wider sense, of pointed things: da beind for tri fichtib rend two antlers with three score points , LU 1271 ( Imr. Brain ii 288.18 ). tenga co n-imut renn fuirri prickles , Marco P. 162 . lé rinn diamond a diamond point , Jerem. xvii 1 . sech rennaib na ndairi branch-ends , LL 265a20 ( MU 22.16 ). nir bo lia gainem mara no reann[a] feada, ZCP xii 294.2 . do rind ind ḟeóir, FB 88 ; cf. rinne .i. fear (= féar), H 4.22, 67a ( O'Curry 2065 ), and rindfeoir, Ériu x 84 § 78 . masa ní da hal (.i. da rinnib) `of her litter (i.e. of her teats )', Laws iii 372.19 (of a sow), cf. 378.21 . ic déol na cethra . . . co faisctis na fola tar a rinnibh squeezed the blood over the teats (?), CCath. 2527 . rind aurlabra (i.e. tongue ), LU 3231 ( SCC 2 ). rindadh rindibh tengadh, ACL iii 294 § 5 (prob. a play on double meaning). Hence in B. na f. a tongue : is uairedh dom rind (.i. is imrāite dom tengaid), ZCP v 485 § 3 . (fig.) sinn ón cās-sa go cuiredh | rinn a ghrāsa gēruidhedh let him sharpen the point of his grace , Irish Texts ii 88 § 13 ; cf. 92 § 11 c . rinn mblasa do cur ar gach mbiadh piquant flavour , Ériu xi 196.9 .

(b) end, extremity : mell ōir for rinn cech dúail, IT i 119.22 . rind a n-úae the tips of their ears , BDD 91 . ó thaig Themra . . . co rrind Banba, Metr. Dinds. iv 60.44 (leg. co hor Banna, Metr. Dinds. Corr. v 142 ). co rind mara `brink', TTebe 698 . a rrind mothair edge , RC xviii 159.1 . gur ghabhadar cuan ag rinn Sléibhe Rife extremity , Keat. ii 542 . ó sháil go rinn from heel to head , Hackett xxxvi 4 (roinn MS.).

(c) a cape, promontory : rind ┐ belat, Laws i 160.5 . otha in rind corici in glind, Ériu ii 26.5 . trethan rinde Pilóir Cape Pelorus , TTr.² 1084 . Cf. a rennaibh órathach [leg. Ó Rathach?], Cóir Anm. 32 . Of inlets of the sea: amal renna mara for tír no tíri for muir like fiords or headlands , CCath. 5844 .

(d) fig. apex; climax : feidhm láimhe . . . i rinn ghliadh `in battle-front' (? in stress of combat ), Content. xxx 35 . fo rinn armi ┐ enig, Ann. Conn. 1244.12 . Cathal . . . do écc fo rinn airmhe ┐ oirrdearcais `at the pinnacle of prosperity and renown', AFM iv 698 v . i rinn iorghaile, TSh. 5743 . i rinn troda, L. Cl. A. B. 155.57 . i rinn coimheasgair cairdeadh, Ir. Monthly 1930, 297 § 12 . Freq. of persons in this sense: rind āig ┐ imgona fer nHerend, TBC-LL¹ 5330 . tri rainn āgha, 5540 St. = rinn, H (note pl. form). dā rind aga ┐ urlaimi, Cog. 56 y . rind n-imgona fher mbetha, TTr.² 828 . rinn chosanta ┐ chalmachta an chóiccidh, AFM iv 862.18 . comorba Ronan rind ciuil, ACL iii 308.3 .

(e) point, acumen, keenness ; freq. of eyes (cf. Lat. acies): rínd a roisc ┐ a menman, BB 414b25 . rinn roisc a min-chinn is mall, ACL iii 308.5 = AFM ii 870.12 (`pupil'). rinn a radairc ┐ a ruisc, MR 270.4 . in rinn ruisg (name of a plant), ACL i 326.29 , cf. 336.120 . rinn ruisc euphrasia, eyebright , P. O'C. (plant good for eyesight). is e in condnach inti techtas rinn cēille, O'Mulc. 236 . rinn an réasúin, TSh. 2902 . rinn fheirge, A. Ó Dálaigh vii 1 .

(f) in prosody the final word of a verse-line : is i recomarc forbanait a renda, IT iii 7 § 6 (BB). recomarc .i. deṡillabach inna rennaib, Fél. 4.29 . rinn .i. co cuibdius ina aghaidh with a rhyme answering to it , O'Dav. 1342 , cf. 1430 . aithne reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. § 2 . For rinn and airdrinn in debide (in which one of the final rhyming words is a syllable longer than the other), see IT iii 148 and E. Knott, Ir. Syll. Poetry 18 . See also 2 rind.

(g) do rind by dint of, by means of; a later use, for orig. meaning see (a). ní terna duine . . . acht mina dechaid fer do rind gona no builli unless he got off by (dealing) wound or blow , ZCP xiii 213.14 . do rinn ruaga do gonad no do marbadh é would wound or slay him by a sudden onset (?), Celt. Rev. iv 18.9 . racha sinn . . . dá dhíol do rinn mholta mhōir, O'Gr. Cat. 486.26 (< Gofr. Fionn Ó Dálaigh). [dochuaidh] do rind retha as, ZCP vi 65.30 .

(h) miscellaneous exx.: corthi cumdachta . . . co rinnib ┐ delbú ┐ fuathu ingantu, Alex. 596 = co ríndaib, BB 493b19 ; `Spitzen' ( points ), Meyer, but perh. engraved marks or devices, cf. vb. 1 rindaid and 2 rind = signum in Glosses. dá rinn d'inneall i n-aghaidh dhíolmhaineach Chríost a double line of battle (= duplicem aciem . . . contra milites Christi), TSh. 7061 ; a translation of Lat. acies.

See also cóicrind, s.v. cóic, gabulrind.

For compds. see rind-.

tám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tám or dil.ie/39979
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: táma, támha

n [? u]. g s. táma, ZCP vi 270 § 8 . YBL 318a41 . n p. támha, Cog. 214.26 . See Présents à nasale infixée 15 , Loth, RC xliii 412ff.

(a) plague, pestilence, disease : támh .i. pláigh, O'Cl. críst ... farná feil t.¤ ná císel, Thes. ii 258.12 . cen tamh, cen galar, Fél. 158.38 . co tanic tam forru co n-apdatar .xxiii. díb, LL 3b2 . tanic tam ... | do buar Banba, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.9 . t.¤ trom-galair, MacCongl. 93.17 . atbath M. ... | acht cidh eadh nir trom tamh tinn, AFM ii 924.15 = nulla tamen infirmitate correptus, Colgan ( AFM ii 925 n. z ).

(b) swoon, stupor, unconsciousness : dofic a mórthart ítad ┐ aplis do th.¤ , LU 7923 (BDD). darochair nél ┐ tam ┐ tassi bar C., TBC-LL¹ 3968 . adrochair ina th.¤ de, Metr. Dinds. iii 318.11 . tainig ... tam ar a tengaid , TTebe 4701 . is Osgar beo-mharbh na thámh, Content. vi 130 . fod Neill na teclethámh tríd in utter peace, Irish Texts ii 34 § 29 . do gabh íta ... íad no gor tuit tamh mor orra, BCC 386.6 .

(c) death : tam .i. bas no tairisidh, O'Dav. 1539. la taim ega doib, 1573 . tai[?m] .i. a eg re hadhart, Stowe Gl. 177 . sind ... | co dagnem íar ndegth.¤ , Gorm. June 5 . dochoidh and do tham ina tigh feisin, RC xvi 166 § 153 . roclaidhedh fert ... ┐ docuiredh fo tāmh é, ZCP xiii 247.12 . ba tai a tuir fo tamaibh .i. ba tostánach a tríatha fo thamhaibh báis, Leb. Gab.(i) 66.15 .

Compds. ¤fher : gé d'fhásadar táimhfir na tairbhfheola ` dastards ,' Ó Bruad. iii 140 . ¤galar fatal (swooning ?) sickness : marb A. do thámghalar, SG 119.31 . ¤lag weak, feeble : tá bíodhgadh ann gach tamhlag, ITS iii 164.9 . ¤néll swoon, fainting-fit, sleep (frequently in pl.) : is becc na torcratar taimnella for lucht in tempuil, LB 152b56 . do thuit ar talamh do thaimnell baís, Fier. 151 . taisi ┐ taimhnella, MR 270.10 . re tamnellaib in techid, 318.20 . ni dhéana sé táimhnéull na codladh, Psalms cxxi 4 . ná tabair ... táimhnéull dforrdhubuibh do shúl, Proverbs vi 4 . ¤thaise : cen támthaisse treblíadain `Pest-reliquien,' ZCP x 270.11 . ¤thuitim fainting, swooning : támthutim na senorach, TTr.² 539.

3 teinnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 teinnid or dil.ie/40405

v shines, burns: tenn .i. losgad, ut est tennid breo tengaid tulbretha .i. is losgadh don tengaid beres na tulbretha, O'Dav. 1547. úiblech tened ... tennes a craes glomarchind, IT i 310.21 = tatnit, LU 8664 ( FB 49 ). ? gach slamach (sic leg.) ... teinnsedar a fhiacla ina beol asa braidhedh, TBC-LL¹ p. 373 n. 7. See 2 teinm.

tengae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tengae or dil.ie/40504
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tenge, tengae, tinga, tengaid, tengad, tengad, tengad, —aid, tenga, teng, teng, theangaidh, t[h]ing, theing, teng, teangaid, tengtha, teṅgad, tengthaib, —adh, —aidh, —thadh, dteangthadh, teanguidh, tengtha, theangtha, tengtha, theangan, teangain

n t, f. n s. tenge, Wb. 23c20 . tengae, Mon. Tall. 142.20 . tinga, AU i 34.9 . a s. cin tengaid , BColm. 26.10 . g s. in (? leg. inna) tengad , Ml. 31b24 . na tengad , PH 7490 . d s. hi tengad (? leg. —aid), Ml. 33d20 . dia tenga , Laws v 142.5 . Also in sg. teng (? orig. dat. only): n s. teng, O'Dav. 1349 = theangaidh, Ériu xiii 29.7 . Anecd. ii 74.4 . d s. t[h]ing, ZCP v 484 § 9 = theing, iii 378.19 (B. na f.). ting, O'Cl. ? ca teng , ZCP xi 109 § 16 . Cf. Duach Teangumha, Keat. iii 692 . n du. da teangaid , Laws v 510.8 . n p. tengtha, Fél. Ep. 125 . g p. teṅgad, SR 825 . d p. tengthaib, LU 2188 . In syll. verse f., g s. —adh, d s. —aidh, g p. —thadh, IGT Decl. § 4 . g p. dteangthadh, Dán Dé xvii 26 . n s. teanguidh, James iii 5 . g s. tengtha, AU iii 136.12 . d du. a nda theangtha , Donlevy v 2 . g p. tengtha, Ériu iv 108.4 . In Mod. Ir. also as n-stem: g s. theangan, Luc. Fid. 200.8 . a s. gan teangain , O'Gr. Cat. 121.36.

I

(a) tongue: tenga .i. tē i ngabann si .i. in bēl tall, Corm. Y 1247 (cf. next ex.). tal uime ... ro curthea a teinidh ... ┐ dobertea teanga tairis (an ordeal), IT iii 190.y . etngad .i. cen tenga[i]d, O'Mulc. 473 . tengtha fodlaide amal tenid, PH 5368 . do foillsigheadh dhóibh teangtha sgoiltidhthe mar theine, Acts ii 3 .

(b) the tongue considered as an organ of speech: huare ... as né gnim tengad comlabrae, Ml. 31b24 , cf. 23 . lūrech arbaig mo thenga `of which my tongue boasteth,' Thes. ii 353.3 . i cinaid ... do thengad, Laws i 156.x . marbad na tengad ... in t-athimrád, PH 7490 . clúas a dūan do thengthaib bard, Hail Brigit 9 . ní gabhthar géill na teangadh `ní féidir buadhachtaint ar an bhfilidheacht,' DDána 82.28 . inn é gíall for tengtha de | ruc Níall cen erchra úaib-si (of men unable to answer), Ériu iv 108.4 . fer do bfearr tenga ┐ erlabra do ghaoidhealaibh ina aimsir, AFM iv 930.y . Hence in idiomatic phrases: do-reilced a tenga dí indiu she has been given a free tongue today, ZCP xvii 199.8 ( LU 10031 but see Echtrae Chonnlai 173 ). bui ... cómlaintius cech uilc isin corp sin ... cenmotha a thenga ... is aire roléced a thenga dó, LB 143a8 . tenga do denam orum, Fier. 224 v.l. =dochraite do rada riumsa, text. Enri hUa N. do denum tengtha maithi re Mac nD. `good discourse,' AU iii 136.12 .

(c) language: et (leg. ut) conf(o)undamus ling[u]as eorum .i. co romelāchtnaigem ... a dtengta impo, Auraic. 2431 = berla, 141 . a tteanguidh ar máthar, Studies, 1919, 438 § 2 . Muiredhach na tengadh o Sleibin, RC xvii 361.29 . nó labhradh tenga na ttuath n-echtrann, AFM vi 1920.16 . dá labhrainn teangtha na ndaoine ... gan an grádh agam = si linguis hominum loquar, TSh. 9411 . a ttengaidh Edāillisi, Fl. Earls 90.3 . ré tosuighibh na teangtha Gaoidheilge, Donlevy v 11 . Hence: fer tenghta an interpreter , BCC 308.7 , 8 . fer tengha eile, 262.32 . Cf. a bheith aige amhuil fhir theangan, phattruin ┐ ghuidheadoir a bhfiadhnaise De spokesman , Luc. Fid. 200.8 .

(d) tongue or clapper of a bell: bā sī tengu ind cluic, MacCongl. 123.21 . clocc ... cin tengaid , BColm. 26.10 . a rún thuigeas teangtha clog (Mary), Aithd. D. 97.29 . in bail a mbenfa a th.¤ re bhar cclocc, BNnÉ 16.22 .

(e) part of a cross (? the upright from crossbar up): cedir in cos feibh adcúas, | gius in crann boi etarbhūas | a tenga ba cupris cain, | [ocus] ba bethe a titail, ZCP viii 107.13 .

II

(a) In med. terms. t.¤ con: lingua canis .i. tenga con `common hound's tongue,' ACL i 330 § 127 . t.¤ énáin lingua avis, stitchwort: tenga enain, Rosa Angl. 142.8 . lingua avis pingula, .i. an teangadh eanain is mor a brigh, 3 B 15 (cited Rosa Angl. Gloss. ). lingua avis .i. in teanga enan, RC ix 242.3 . 237.6 . t.¤ orcan some part of the (calf of) the leg: co tarla erchor díb i tengaid orcan Dondgillai, RC xiii 104.19 = SG 385.7 . an affection of this part of the leg (?): (caulis hortensis) item dentar luaith dhi ...┐ cuirtear ar na hiosgaduibh ┐ icaidh an teanga urcan, 23 K 42, 394.y .

(b) In nn. pr.: Scithi tenga eoin (n. of a woman), Rawl. 134b13 . Duach Tenga-huma rig Connacht, Trip. 552.20 .

tís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tís or dil.ie/40973
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: thís

adv. later thís. See also tísana.

(a) below : cotam-róither | t.¤ túas ar cech mélacht, Fél. Ep. 70 . comla .i. com-lūt[h] .i. coma lūas tūas ┐ tīs, Corm. Y 236 . do ḟéith bic bis fon tengaid this gl. sublingue, Ir. Gl. Gild. Lor. 132 . iar conair thís ... iarsin conair uachtaraigh, Trip. 134.15 . gabais ... línfhūathróicc tīs ime, MacCongl. 63.4 . ni accatarsom cinnas bói t.¤ a híchtur no a huachtur túas, LU 1926 . cele dond fir uccut t.¤ , 5599 (TBC). at-chondarc a cloideb n-órduirn occo thís, BDD² 1004 . muchthair in tene bái thís, LL 207a36 = báidhtear in tene bói tshís, Duan. F. i 30.5 . robudh ferr lim t.¤ | gid oibhni dam túas on foot , Celt. Rev. iii 204 . a deg-áes dána-sa thís, CRR 16.13 . cá seadh teine ar a tí thíos | muna dtí gríos nimhe anuas, DDána 119.9 . maol na gualann budh toll thíos | ón chronn bhíos nuabharr anuas, 14 . (Cryptic) tinnichis .i. tis, Goid. 78 § 189 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

(b) referring to a later passage in a book, below : co ro recrad don merita t.¤ , Lib. Hymn. 15 gl. 13 . tar muir tancatar na daine so, ocus nihed tancatar na daine tiss, Laws i 128.20 Comm. ni sund indister acht i leith dered in libair t.¤ , PH 54.

(c) in the north : ar do ṡíothchain gidh beag troigh | ni thiubhroinn duibh don taoibh thíos, Content. xxvii 14 . a fhir thíos, 17 . ní rach síos ó Chruachain Chuinn | 's nach tíos uathaibh do anfuinn, Ir. Monthly 1927, 311.35 . an Cnocán Ruadh so thuas ... is Cnoc Fírinne thíos, ITS xi 16.

1 tul, taul, tel, til

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tul, taul, tel, til or dil.ie/42438
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tul, tuil, tele, til, tula, tela, tila, tul, tul

n orig. u, n. (see GOI § 80 p. 52 ). n s. tul n-oir, Ériu xii 156.z . Manners and Customs iii 163 n. 242.17 . g s. tuil, LL 208a44 . tele, TBC-I¹ 2197 . d s. til, Ml. 50a7 . pl. tula, tela, tila.

Protuberance, projecting part, swelling .

(a) (part of ?) a cross: isin til .i. crucis gl. in patibulo, Ml. 50a7 .

(b) boss of a shield: crandscíath ... taul fair fortrend fodomain, LU 7198 . finden co ... taul argait furri, IT i 81.4 . scíatha ... co telaib óir foraib, LU 7643 . ra tilib ... na scíath, TBC-LL¹ 3561 . topacht a th.¤ dia thargu, Metr. Dinds. iii 130.25 . sonn láidir ... do thulaib sgiath, ML 128.17 . In n. loc.: lathrach Sceith Conculainn cona Th.¤ , RC xv 283 § 31 . Hence shield: sleg taith fri tola `against shields,' Metr. Dinds. ii 64.11 .

(c) Of parts of the body: t.¤ étain forehead: co raemdetar tula a n-etan, BB 393a11 . no bristea cnáma a lurgan ┐ t.¤ a n-étan, LB 154a51 . tuc urrchur ... a t.¤ edain a fhir comraic, CF 164 . srona dímhora a tulaibh a n-étan, Marco P. 187 . Hence tul forehead: `t.¤' gach gnúis, Metr. Gl. 17 § 44 . t.¤ .i. gnúis, ┐ édan, O'Cl. co n-ecmaing a t.¤ immon n-all combo marb de, LU 8934 ( FB 70 ). mill ... luaidi rodibraicdis a tulaib trénamais na fir sin, TTebe 2700 . Of animals: fochéird a lúrecha ... immó echaib co ngebethar doib o th.¤ co aurdornd do gaínib, LU 6400 . taul tairb chucaind, TBC-LL¹ 6199 . In phrase t.¤ i t.¤ face to face: conas-tarla t.¤ i t.¤ fri Grécu, TTr. 593 . leasc dho tachar t.¤ i t.¤ | frisin eaclais, SG 70.19 . tel i tel, TTr.² 161 . t.¤ i tt.¤ ┐ aghaidh i n-acchaidh, AFM v 1580.1 . t.¤ fri t.¤ , IT iii 526.7 .

Of other parts of the body: tula sliasta (.i. tairb) `the thick of the thigh,' Laws v 363 n. do thulaib a lurgan, IT i 271.29 .

(d) t.¤ tuinne crest of a wave: gáir na Gairbe gainmige | ra t.¤ tuinne tulghuirme, SG 367.5 . t.¤ na tuinne tulguirme, Acall. 2935 n. As n. loc.: o th.¤ Tuinne tulach-mór `from high-mounded Tul Tuinne,' Metr. Dinds. iii 274.2 . i taul tuinne thend, LL 4b10 . Gatal a gatlaig | Bran ó th.¤ tuinne, SG 365.31 . Note also: amal brethnasa bánóir fri taul ṅ-grene, TBC-LL¹ 1377 . ? bar nertaib gal | bar cridib crú | bar tilaib téici, 5793 . ? rigrad Clainne Echach uili Domblen | tuir do télaib (: Febail), Todd Nenn. 254.6 . ? tarrscur tirear t.¤ taibeṅg, Lec. 282rbz = tarrscur tireach thal taebsheang, BB 36b34 .

(e) d s. as prep. at the end of (?): athgabail t.¤ aine, ┐ taul treisi, ┐ taul chuicthi, ┐ taul dechmaide `immediate distresses of one day ...,' Laws i 210.21 .i. berar imach co hopann, 212.1 Comm. See 214.20 ff. athgabala t.¤ cuicthe, 236.24 .

Compds. In certain compds. tul retains its original meaning, but it is also frequently used for alliteration and with merely intensive force.

(a) With nouns. ¤ág violent fight: ro mharb ba mór in tulágh | fuath Sléibe Colláin, Duan. F. i 80 § 74 . ¤argain (orguin) driving, beating on (?): go facca inní: fir hErend uile ... ac t. na mbuden rompu dochum in chatha (imain, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 5855 . ¤béim frontal or direct blow, violent blow : uathbas bretha impaib do thulbemmenaib, TBC-LL¹ 939 . dobretha tathulbéim do chlaidiub C. dó, 1310 . ¤berbad great boiling: taul fair fortrend fodomain cairi chóir chutrummae cetri ndam tollchruís tolberbud im chethóra mucca midisi inna midchróes mórthaltu, LU 7198 . ¤berna: taurrána tairsce | taulberna tar róut `front-breaching across a road,' MacNeill, Law of status 310.82 ( ZCP xii 366.19 ). ¤breith extempore judgment (?): tendaid breo tengaidh (leg. —adh ?) tuilbretha `the flame of the tongue kindles hasty judgments (?)' (notes), Ériu xiii 14.15 .i. is losgadh don tengaid beres na tulbretha, O'Dav. 1547. Cf. tulbrethach infra. tulbretha Fachtna, Laws i 26.2 Comm. ¤buirbe great fierceness: re t. na Tuaiscertach, MR 258.11 . ? ¤chaíne. In n.pr. Taulchaine rígdrúith ríg Temra, BDD² 1193 . ¤chasad see separate article. ¤chath head-on encounter, fierce battle: tucsat taelcadh doibh `made an onset upon them,' AU ii 192.15 . tailcath, 19 . tulchad Raigne rúaid ` encounter ,' RC xxix 212 § 12 . ¤chind see separate article. ¤chlár front (of forehead): co rruc t. ind étain, LU 4900 ( TBC-I¹ 423 ). da benad C. ... béim da durn dess i tulchlar a etain dó, TBC-LL¹ 4281 . ¤chnáim frontal bone (of the head), forehead: tulcnaim a chind, RC xvi 54.16 . co roímid a thulchnaim as a chind súas, LL 169b4 . ¤chobra boss of a shield: tri scéith dergga ... co telcob[r]adaib oi[r] foraib, LL 30d48 . iar telcomraib sciath, BB 489a15 . ¤chóir favourable judgment (?), prima facie case (?) : tuc Mlaise taircsi fa tulcoir | do féimset gach ni ro ráid, SG 35.17 . budh beag dtaraidh an t. | it aghaidh don agarthóir, DDána 101.23 . ¤chomrac see terchomrac. ¤chubae see separate article. ¤drech. Only in etymol. gloss: for tullrech (analysed as tul + drech ?) in talman, no for tul dreiche in talman (gloss on tellraig), Laws i 66.4 Comm. ¤druimm burly (?) back: ria n-amdabchaibh sciath for tuldromunnaib laechrad, BB 411a36 . ¤fhéith frontal (protruding ?) muscle or sinew: tulfēthi a orcan ... tollfēthe a mullaich, TBC-I¹ 1935 - 6 (= LU 6449 - 51 ). do éirgidar toillféthi a mullaigh co mbátar ar chuing a muiníl, Comp. CC 102.y . See also toilḟéith. ¤fhót: ra tailfhót de thailfhótaib in talman `projecting clod,' Gloss., MU² 668 . ¤fhuigell cf. ¤chóir, supra: tulfuigeall ` speedy judgement ,' Laws iv 8.26 , taken by Comm. ( 12.4 f. ) as compd. of tall. tul fuigeall uadaib, dianad be feineachas, 18.y . ¤glenn: fān, no seisc, no tail gleann ` stony vale ' (of non-arable land), Laws iv 144.8 Comm. ¤gubae wailing, clamour, clashing (spec. of shields): ro clos telgubai tromm tóethinach tré nert n-immfhorrain na curad, Alex. 266 . ? co n-inseadh Ulaid aengnim im thulgubha deilighthi co trebhi amnus Atharní, BB 259a6 = YBL 178b51 . tulguba na scíath, TTr. 597 . CCath. 905 . tulguma na sciath, Aen. 2489 . ¤imbliu boss of a shield: scieth ... cona taulimlinn tailc tuinigthe d'or derg, CCath. 4726 . ¤mag high plain, plateau (?) : t. bad líach do lot-báig (Tara), Metr. Dinds. i 6.4 . tibit t. Alinde, ii 82.44 . ¤maidm large chasm: resin t. talman ... ar lar in maigi (`sudden bursting of the earth'), TTebe 2965 . ¤medón exact middle: a Cnucc Úachtair Fh. ... cu tailmedón Trága Baile the very middle, MU² 25 . ¤mire violence, impetuosity: a fhiru Muirid, miad ngle, | do nach tuirim tailmire, Metr. Dinds. ii 26.2 . is do'n t. tuaiscertaig in taem sin, MR 158.8 . ¤mong see separate article. ¤naidm immediate obligation: cin ailseth acht taurbuith to bais no galair no thaulna(i)dmand tuath `sofortiger Verpflichtungen gegenüber dem Stamme,' Bürgschaft 22 § 65 c , `Es handelt sich um Einberufung zum Heeresdienst oder zur Volksversammlung, was allen sonstigen Verpflichtungen vorgeht,' p. 24 . ¤port see separate article. ¤rand? ingean Roduib ... | Margin (sic leg., Ed.) na tor asin tul-raind | rosgon ar in Duiblind deirg, Ériu x 81 § 54 . ¤réim see tuillréim. ¤shamlugad see separate article. ¤shním (?): toirthe 'n-a thír ga dtuilshníomh (ttoilghníomh, coimh-shníomh, v.ll.), DDána 113.23 . ¤shunnradh see separate article. ¤tapad violent start: ni ro cuirset cor dibh, acht amail tarraidh in tultapadh íett `save as the sudden starting seized them,' CCath. 5565 . tultapadh .i. tap a gcion, O'Cl. ¤treb? Taken in Laws Comm. as compd. of tol: sét gabla ... do cach tuiltreb .i. don ti risin toltanach bith ina treb, Laws iii 458. 22 Comm. is as gabar eisidhe .i. do bert set gabla for muin dire in cach tul treibh (tultreibh ?), O'Curry 1645 ( 23 Q 6, 19b ).

(b) With adjectives. ¤aircnech (oirgnech) very aggressive: Concubur clothamra tulaircneach, BB 259a8 = YBL 179a2 . ¤ammuis (g s. of ammus) well-directed, finding the mark (of slings, missiles, etc.): do clochaibh tulamais, CCath. 1719 . taibli taidlecha tulamuis, TTebe 1401 . ile ... do tromchlochaibh tuinighe tulammais, Hugh Roe 106.7 . do threinbeimennaibh ... tulamuis, Stair Erc. 1337 . ¤bochtaib d p. with broken bosses (?): ferna t. trataib iar fuin, LU 6809 ( BDD 35 = tullochtaib, BDD² 332 ). ¤borb rough, fierce, violent, etc.: fear ... t., MR 152.5 . fogragad t. (sic leg. ?) na cruinni, TTebe 1285 . freagartha ... tulbhorba ... na d-tonn, ML 44.z . tromluirech ... th., Stair Erc. 243 . tachar tulbhorb, AFM iv 1216.1 . troda togda tulborba, BB 241a15 . co ... t., MR 126.12 . ¤brén stinking, rotten ; lathach (locha ?) dóimne tuilbréna, IT i 190.26 . a muir tuilbrēn teinntidhi, Ériu iii 30 § 15 . mara techta tuilbrena ` surface-stinking ,' Lism. L. 3664 . ¤brethach (cf. tul-breith supra): is de is ainm Fachtna T. (i.e. because when he gave false judgment the fruit fell and cows would not yield their milk, but when he gave true judgment the fruit remained safe on the trees), Laws i 24.22 Comm. ¤buide with yellow boss: scíath dond telbude, LU 8638 . Of Tara : a Themhair, a telbuidhe (`O beloved hill'), AFM i 480.17 . ¤chaín smooth-topped: ba de gabsat Albain | ard-glain talcain tlach[t]-mín, Todd Nenn. 150.4 . As n.pr. Munnu maic Thulcháin, Corm. 29 Munnu. ¤cheppach ? in nathir thuilcheppach thair | Muirchertach mac Muiredaig, Rawl. 163a2 ( L. Cl. A. B. 282.3 , 285.3 ). ¤chinnte very certain (?): is tuilchinnti techt dá léim | bert is uirchillti eiséin, IGT Decl. ex. 620 . ? ¤chintach: cuimhnig Muirchertach ... | slat fa tuilcintach re toir, Irish Texts ii 32 § 13 . ¤chróda very brave: marbhoim deich gcéad tulchródha, Duan. F. i 86 § 8 . ¤ gatánach: Māel Sechlaind mac Domnaill dathgil | dorn i Tailtin tulgatānaig (: mulbratānaig) 'der die Faust auf Tailtiu mit geflochtener Brustwehr legt', Bruchst. i 17 § 34 . ¤garb rough, fierce: do ronsat trodach thulgarbh, Caithr. CC 45.5 . ¤gel bright-bossed: scíath taulgel, LU 10796 . ¤glan: 's é fúair in tír tul-glan `the bright-swelling land,' Metr. Dinds. iii 298.7 . tulghlan .i. tulach glan, O'Cl. ¤glas green-hilled : ós talmain telglais, SR 2670 . Echtga, trebar tel-glas ` green-swelling ,' Metr. Dinds. iii 302.66 . ¤goirt very bitter : treas tulghuirt, IT iii 95.18 ( Bruchst. i 64 § 147 ). ¤gorm blue-fronted. Of waves, the sea: do drumcla tuindi tul-guirmi, BDD² 828 . tul na tuindi tulguirme, Acall. 2935 v.l. ar in muir ... tulguirm, 6339 . forrsin farrgi tul-guirm ... taeb-uaine, KMMisc. 314.z . Of shields blue-bossed : sceith troma tulguirm, Fen. 370.6 . Note also: grían t., MU² 461 . sron ... t., CCath. 4025 . ¤gubach clashing, clamorous: dagniat ... tres trén t., TTr. 1258 . ¤fhaebrach keen-edged: faga tromger tulfhaebrach, TTebe 1016 . ¤lethan with broad forehead: fer tailc tuillethan, MU² 642 . dá ech ... tullethain, LU 8593 . ? Of a shield broad-bossed : fa thairrlethar in scēith fil foro thairr sceō thaullethan inn ōclāich, TBC-I¹ 2341 (see 1 tairsce). ¤mael lit. bare-topped. Of an animal's horns: ri haduath a adarc t. tamnaigthi, TTebe 1405 . Of headless bodies: comdaís ... tul-mhaela colla na curadh, MR 302.22 . ¤maithmech: an teangasa nach tulmhaithmheach `this unforgiving tongue,' Aithd. D. 61.9 . ¤medrach very cheerful, merry . As subst.: treb Dháthí in tuilmedrach, YBL 373b11 . ¤mer very swift, violent, impetuous: tonna tuilmera, ZCP xii 393.1 . tamain thulmera `writhing trunks,' TTebe 3504 . ó D. an tarbh tuilmhear, DDána 113.34 . ¤mín gentle, steady: raon tuilmhín gach dáimhe dhamh, Irish Texts iv 57.7 . ¤obann very sudden: in fhōgra th., Fl. Earls 26.9 .

(c) Rarely with verbs. ¤brisid smashes, shatters: cor' imir in a[n]bth ne for longaibh C. co ro tuilbrisit LX long díbh, CCath. 179 . ? ¤cháinid: in torc trén tulcháinim, Acall. 2623.

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