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ábacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ábacht or dil.ie/20
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: adbacht, ábhachta, abachtada, abachtada, abacht, abacht, abocht

n m. and f. Also spelt adbacht. g s. ábhachta, DDána 67.15 . n p. abachtada, IT iii 100 § 173 (? leg. ábacht ḟata, EIS 250 ). IGT Decl. § 25 .

Joke, pleasantry, humour, drollery: nach tug abhacht na ardugudh aoibhneas misneach ionna haigne, IT ii2 150.732 . tri comartha clúanaigi: búaidriud scél, cluiche tenn, abucht co n-imdergad, Triads 90 . bás meic Bhriain rub úr n-ochta / tug fúinn fuath an ábhochta, Magauran 4198 . sguir a mhacaoimh óig t'ábhacht / cian óm leithéid leannánacht stop your coaxing (of a woman to a man seeking to beguile her), DDána 67.15 . tug siad uamhan ar abhacht `they have abandoned the fear of God for dissipation', Celtica iv 109 § 6 . fiú an éanroinn ábhochta `even one humorous stanza', TD 3.5 . an díoth do dhol i n-ábhacht / fríoth mar chol don chompánacht `an injury inflicted on a person and then treated as a joke', Aithd. D. 48.1 . ná déin ábhacht ar sheanóir, Dánfhocail 177 . go n-adhbhacht adamair, Ó Bruad. iii 118.19 . as-beir d'á.¤, tre á.¤ says as a joke: gion go n-abraim é acht d'ábhacht, DDána 57.10 . gan a rádh d'fhíor nó d'ábhocht, Magauran 2455 . adubhairt ré tre abhacht, IT ii2 151.745 . adubairt ris tré adhbacht, SG 13.13 .

Name of a metre : abachtada so, IT iii 100 § 173 . abacht and so, § 174. abacht scailti, § 175. abocht cumaisg, § 176.

2 aín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aín or dil.ie/1163
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aíne, a.

n f. Also aíne. (Lat. ieiunium, see GOI p. 573 ) fast, period of fasting (originally as an ascetic practice, as opposed to troscad ‘coercive fasting’ Ireland in Early Mediaeval Europe 169 ): ain .i. troscad, ut est firbes athgabala aine, O'Dav. 55 . in rí dorigne in n-óene, SR 7600 . ōene chorgais ronāin Crīst, ZCP xiii 28 § 9 . dī ōene na sechtmaine / i n-ōene co cert, 29.1 . buith i n-óini, Ériu ii 65 § 8 . dobhatar tredenus ind oine they had been three days without food, Lism. L. 204 . missi . . . romḟuca sech ṡáebi sneíd / torud aíni in rig roreid, LL 17725 ( BB 9a22 ). oeni dano, ar Molling, atósa im throscud o thosuch domain, LL 284b27 . tredan ┐ tromáinte, Alex. 452 . an aoine as crádh don choloinn, DDána 55.6 . dá mbristeá trosgadh . . . a n-aointibh an chorghuis, Mac Aingil 3051 . In homilies of wrongful abstention from religious duties: ocht n-áine na tuillet fochraicc, PH 8365 . áine oc tomailt chuirp Crist, 8373 . áine . . . o fhoghlaim ecna Dé, 8377 . aine re corp Crist, Ériu xix 7 § 5 (see notes). Of the fast on the eve of a feast day, hence vigil: oene (.i. uigil Pedair) tenn mar thocbaim `as I set up a severe vigil', Gorm. June 28 . dond epiphain aine `the vigil of the Epiphany', Jan. 5. for aene na n-apstol, Oct. 27. In names of days of the week: cét-a.¤ (lit. first fast) Wednesday: dia cétáine rogabad in salm so, Ml. 113d3 . hi cetain, LU 1855 . im nemcaithem feola i nainib ┐ i cetainib not eating meat on Fridays and Wednesdays, Laws iii 14.20 Comm. tardaín, dardaín (= etar-dí-aín) (lit. between two fasts) Thursday: tar(a)daín do lanamnas, Críth G. 546 . dardain do ṡaeraib, Ériu xvii 72.21 ( Laws iv 216 ). See dardóin. aín dídin(e) (lit. end fast) Friday: aín díden do retha[i]b ech, Críth G. 546 . atacumbat echtraind . . . i n-óin didin ar Elpai on Friday, ZCP xiii 379.5 . ind āin diten hi Rāith Bic / dīth Diarmata immaric, 380.12 . See under 1 díden. Also aíne without qualifying wd.: i n-aínib ┐ domnachaibh, Críth G. 145 . aine ┐ satharnd, Ériu xvii 74 § 2 ( Laws iv 216 ). Kl. Enair for aine, RC xvii 414.21 (Tig.). ? ar dá cét déc sét saeire / cusan aíne fár genair, SG 148.14 ( Acall. 2424 ). aíne in césda Good Friday, LU 2772 . saothar oirrdheirc na hAoine, DDána 27 a.¤ , 29 . aíne órda, name of special Fridays on which a particularly severe fast was practised: is iad so in da dubhaine deg ordha na bliadna .i. in cedaine do marta etc., L. Chl. S. 120 . sechtmuin onde co haíne in césda ┐ da aine ordha uirri .i. áeni na féli Muiri ┐ aíni in cesda, LU 2772 . co fuilet dā Aíne dēc ōrda sa bliadhain, Éigse ix 32 . isin óini ordai, O'Dav. 155 .

airbert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbert or dil.ie/1622

Forms: oirbeart, -irt, -ta, oirbhirt, -e, -a

n f. Inflected partly as i- partly as a-stem, see GOI p. 449 . Later also m. oirbeart (g s. and n p. -irt, -ta) m., IGT Decl. § 25 . oirbhirt (g s. and n p. -e, -a) f. § 42 . Vn. of ar-beir. IGT Verbs § 83 .

(a) act of using, employing, exercising, practising: epscop dobeir ūasalgráda for nech nā bī tūalaing [a] n-airberta eter chrābud ┐ léigend ( i c. ┐ l., LB 11b46 ), Ériu i 218 § 3 . a.¤ bansgál i n-orgain using women in warfare, Cáin Ad. § 52 . In phrase a.¤ gaiscid: robai C. oc a.¤ (airimbert v.l.) gaiscid hi tuaimim a scēith, TBC-I¹ 1507 . combu thúalaing airbirt gascid, LU 1668 . in tan ro scáig do chách a.¤ a gaiscid, BDD² 1090 .

(b) Hence without qualifying word heroic deed, exploit: intan is mac bec dogní in a.¤ ucut who performs that feat of arms, Ériu i 114 § 3 . Alb na na.¤ , LL 21620 . ro molsat uili maithi na Tr. in oirbert ro triallsat praised the undertaking, Aen. 2087 . do ronsat airbirt tenn treorach attempt, Acall. 3408 . gibé oirbheart do-né neach / ní hoirdhearc é gan eineach `whatever exploit one may do', Studies 1924, 244 § 25 . minic do-rinnis-si . . . oirbheart nā budh nār do neach, O'R. Poems 415 . prowess. valour, courage: a uaisle a oirbheart . . . ag díon clú coróna Saghsan, Aithd. D. 25.17 . an t-Alaxandar . . . tanaiste . . . ar oirbert, Cog. 204.6 . gebtaitt . . . cuicced Ulad re nerbert `by prowess', Fen. 276.16 . imarbaidh einigh ┐ engnamha ┐ oirbearta na h-Erenn . . . d'imradh, MR 94.19 . fer co n-a.¤ , SG 18.33 . an tan ráinig Irial san ríoghacht ┐ doghabh oirbheart ┐ arrachtas ré a ais, Keat. ii 1829 . a.¤ .i. treoir, O'Cl.

(c) Of labour in general exertion, effort: roimigh A. lé oirbert féin `by his own effort', Ériu iii 166 § 22 . acht do rachad rea oirbert fein ina tir duthchais, Ann. Conn. 1315.9 . ni ar a n-a.¤ fein tangatar they did not come of their own will, O'Curry 2536 ( Eg. 88, 44(45)d ). oirbert no imram do denam, CF 57 . tús oirbheart ann mar do éirigh when He began to do things (of Christ), Aithd. D. 77.1 . do-ghéan uime mh'oirbheirt féin I will take my own measures about it, DDána 101.28 . Of making preparation: dēna fēin t'a.¤ colēic (of one being banished), Ériu iii 154 § 8 . In phrase a.¤ catha war equipment (cf. airmert): niba hannsa . . . gabail na nelipint sea fria hairbirt catha sin with that(?) war gear, BB 496a24 (IT ii2 101.) ro gabad . . . airberta in catha, Alex. 575 .

(d) act of practising law, pleading: tar a.¤ faesma in spite of protection being pleaded, Laws i 100.8 Comm. ni tathbongar a.¤ la aneolus, O'Curry 418 ( H 3.18, p. 229b ). dia ndernut serbus oc airbiurt, Laws i 296.4 Comm. recht nairberta .i. cin roairde cin roisli, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88 fo. 21(22)a ). cin astad nairberta, O'Curry 813 ( H 3.18, 375b ). astad airberta ┐ a.¤ aoi iarna hastad, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, c. 439 ). a ha.¤ feichemnais ┐ breithemnais, Laws iii 90.13 Comm. gan airbhert n-imṡena, Ériu xiii 27.29 ( O'Dav. 161 ). tri cumtaig gáisse . . . dagaigni do airbirt, Triads 178 . aigni airberta (special type of pleader), Ir. Recht 46.x . In phrase bérla n-airberta language of pleading(?): cloch, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, cloch a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta ar inní chlōes cach raod, Corm. Y 213 (or in meaning (e)?).

(e) import, use, application of words: bunad ┐ inde ┐ a.¤ conagar don focul is senchus, Laws i 30.y Comm. eitged . . . a a.¤ .i. a eipert fir ani nach [follus .i.] scoth is in focul [budein], co fagabar and trena tur, iii 90.16 Comm. insci .i. scientia (.i. ecna) a bunadh Laitne. Scothenga a a.¤ , Auraic. 571 . fid fundamentum a bunad Laitne fo edh a hinni fotha no fid ae a a.¤ , 763 . atat da aithfeghad for imchomarc .i. imchomarc iar n-inni thoirni ┐ imchomarc iar n-airbhirt nanairbirenn bith, 1895 . airbheart .i. tuigsi no ciall, O'Cl. cumgi airberta (of women), LL 344d34 . Note also: a.¤ .i. aircetal, ut est a.¤ cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 .

(f) In phrase a.¤ biuth (bith) (d s. of 1 bith world, see GOI p. 162 ) act of using, enjoying: a.¤ biuth comlabrae gl. bonorum ussu `the use of speech', Ml. 59a10 . ind erbert biuth gl. ut ipsarum rerum possit illis manere certa profussio uel functio, 68b14 . Esp. of food: ba ṅdílmain dossom a.¤ biuth di thorud a precepte, Wb. 10d14 . cid tol dó a.¤ biuth inna túare, 11b18 . rann aile do airbirt bith doibsom `another part to be eaten by them', 10d18 . oc airbirt biuth coirp Crist, 11b14 . do erbeirt biuth gl. esui, Ml. 20d1 . ind erbert biuth, 61c9 . ar a.¤ bith don crann urgartha . . . .i. ar na.¤ do roinne da bethughadh im chaithem thora[idh] in crainn, O'Curry 1750 ( 23 Q 6, 33 b ). edam .i. airbirt bith .i. edo , Corm. Y 518 . Hence of sustenance, food-supplies: riagail im aon airbirt bith o noin do noin one meal, Laws iii 14.21 Comm. an ccuimge a rabattar d'esbaidh airberta bith, AFM vi 2252.3 . tria aidilge airberta bith do beith for an mbárda in consequence of the warders' needing food, 2140.15 . do cuingheadh . . . airberta bith uirfheóla, Hugh Roe 272.10 (fo. 72a) . ag goid bhar nathardha ┐ bhar nairbherta bith foraibh, 208.26 (fo. 55b) . Note also: cid saill, cid feoil a a.¤ `whether his repast be . . .', Ériu iii 104 § 34 .

Later also use, custom, habit, mode of life: is ar chol dorímther leo dún ar n-a.¤ bith ┐ ar fógnam do dúilib dé, Alex. 925 . fogníatt dia na.¤ bioth ┐ bestatadh, Hugh Roe 178.y (fo. 48a ). ar deismirecht a betha inmedhonaigh, ┐ a a.¤ bith cach laithi, BNnÉ 19 § 42 . airbheart bith .i. beatha, O'Cl. aen airbeirt bith gl. catholicus, O'Curry 91 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

2 ál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ál or dil.ie/2856

adj. of rare occurrence outside glossaries, which explain it as timid, fearful, afflicted: al .i. eccail nó tlaith, ut est al cach hongtha .i. is tlaith intí dia tabair olc .i. ecail nó ocal gach athguinech no gach benta, O'Dav. 116 . á.¤ cech angtha, Tec. Corm. § 13.23 . al gach ongtha .i. eagal gach athghonta, O'Cl. āl cach n-ai[n]gid, ACL iii 228.84 . āl cach n-imoman, 229.129 . Adv. da mbett rim co há.¤ (: dál) (oppd. to co tenn ), Misc. Hag. Hib. 33.16 . Subst. is inann ferc ┐ al doib sin, ZCP xviii 264.17 (translating Lanfranc's drede, p. 282).

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

búachaill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búachaill or dil.ie/7194
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bó-, -ail, búachail, búachaill, -alla, búachail

n i, m. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 89 - 90 ). Also bó-. -ail freq. especially in earlier exx. búachail búachaill (g s id. and -alla), IGT Decl. § 111. búachail (g s id.), § 112.

(a) herdsman, cowherd; herdswoman: buachail .i. cail [┐] coimétaige na mbó, Thr. Ir. Gl. 7. būachail .i. būaire fēin ┐ cail comēt, Corm. Y 130. buachaill bó gl. bubulcus, Ir. Gl. 583. buachaill mucc gl. subulcus, 584 . muinæ buachaele (n. loc.), Thes. ii 239.13 (Ardm.). bochail gl. armentarius , Études Celt. xxii 220 . bóchaill gl. bobulcus, Sg. 58b6 . b.¤ , Trip.² 3137. F. ainm in búachalla, LU 5830. in tarb . . . ┐ . . . a bōchaill, TBC-I¹ 854 (= b.¤ , LU 5330 ). i llías ṅgamna búachaille nEterscéle, BDD² 77. cond bo buachaill i mbansoillsi `in broad day-light a `b.¤' is the cow's wits', Gloss. (prov.), Laws iv 96.23 . ni augaire, ni buachail, i 104.x . itir buachaillib bo ┐ laeg, ii 366.7 Comm. a ṡuidi buachalla (of a swineherd ), LL 22605 ( Dinds. 103 ). buachal dano ┐ banlícerd ísen `a herdswoman', Dinds. 86. búachail a ndíaigh na ngopar, Duan. F. ii 136 § 45. do scelaib na mbuachalla inso shepherds (of Bethlehem), LB 136a marg. sin ní ḟoil bhoin ar breith bhúachail, IGT Decl. ex. 1829. do thréd ag búain bhúachalla, ex. 1828 . na búachuillighe = they that kept them (of swine), Matthew viii 33. aodhaire, buachaill `a herd or shepherd ', Eg. Gl. 5.

(b) Fig. guardian, protector: cénmaír tír díanad buachail (of a king), RC xvii 173.19 (Tig.). búachail manach, medhamh clēirech (of Colum Cille), ZCP viii 197 § 10. is tú is buachail / ar Cruachain (to Medb), TBC-LL¹ 3094. biaid cen buachail Inis Fáil, LL 19247. buachaill tenn . . . na Temrach .i. Conn Cēdchathach, ML² 1198. mo bhuachail (of guardian angel), Dán Dé viii 10 . gach Ministir ┐ gach buachaill Eagluise, Carswell 40.

(c) servant, attendant: in t-ara .i. in buachail, IT i 40.20 . búachail . . . / agatsa thall ad lubhgort, Duan. F. ii 136 § 45. mo bhuachuil dar ab ainm Grādh na Comharsan, Desid. 6313. buachaill an táibhirne, TSh. 10677. buachaill brannaimh na beatha .i. an bás, 869 . aon bhuachaill legha medical attendant , AFM vi 1956.27 .

(d) youth, boy: athair an bhúachalla (= of the child), Mark ix 24 . tré choimhriachtoin ré buachuillighibh, Desid. 3819. na buachuille beaga small boys, Mac Aingil 2367 .

As n. pr. m. geguin C. . . . maccu Búachalla, LU 5814 (TBC). meic Dondgail meic Buachalla, LL 334a14 . Cian Ua Buachalla, AFM ii 938.2 .

canamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canamain or dil.ie/8130

Forms: -amna, c., canamhain

n f., g s. -amna. c.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 10 . Late vn. of canaid. canamhain, IGT Verbs § 73 . cechla .i. c.¤ , O'Dav. 380 . teinn .i. radh no canamuin, Ériu xiii 54 § 5 . Cf. tenn .i. c.¤ , O'Dav. 1547 .

(a) As vn. act of singing, chanting : fáth far' chnesda a c.¤ `why it is seemly to sing of it', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.60 . ? ciol is cle re a ccanamhain, Metr. Gl. D.41 . eala ag canamhain ceoil, Aithd. D. 5.22 . canamhain na salm, Mac Aingil 3601 . Of speech: iolair na haghaidh . . . do chanamhain that many should speak against it (i.e. truth), Content. viii 21 .

(b) chant; less precisely speech, word: lenis cantus .i. c.¤ mīn ālgen do Dia chanting, ZCP v 497.20 . is canamhain choitcheand dictum, ITS xxix 114.8 . `gutha', `consoin', nō a lethēd ele do chanamhnuibh words, Celtica i 96.273 . don airdréim chleachtar i gcanamhain Ghaoidhilge, Hackett² xviii 2 . canamhuin is measardha ná dlíghe na ndámh, Párl. na mB. 2350 (`canon' (?), Gloss.).

Gramm. `anomalous form' ( IGT Decl. Introd. iv ): canamhain ag cuid díbh (of list of nouns), IGT Decl. § 41 . fregra (acht canamhain aige), § 1 . úaibreach do chanamhain atá, úabrach an cert, § 17 . eadradh . . . na headarthacha leis aigi ó chanamhain (i.e. besides the regular n pl. eadraidh and eadartha it has eadarthacha), § 49 . As descript. gen.: comhfhocal canamhna (not to be used as a prefix), Introd. § 100 . bádhadh guthaidhe comhfhocuil canamhna (of formation dáonfhoghaitsgíath etc.), § 144 . Note also: gan ēirghi do ch.¤ ghnáthaigh achd le deimhin bhfoirceaduil as fearr inás í not to depart from ordinary usage(?), § 102 .

celgach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. celgach or dil.ie/8556

adj o, ā (celg) deceitful, treacherous : cen chairge celgaich, LL 781 . doroni . . . comarli celcaig. TTr.² 1593 . cacair chelgacha, LB 228b17 . lé caidreabh chealgach, TSh. 2116 . mar chómharsanuibh cealgacha, Párl. na mB. 2154 . Compar. ní budh cealguidhe, Gen. iii 1 . As subst. ro [bo] prímch.¤ tor tenn , SG ii 491.13 (`a prime traitor', Bodl. Dinds. 29 ). ni raga . . . c.¤ is-in flaith, PH 6907 .

2 co

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 co or dil.ie/9787

Forms: cu, ca, go, cosind, cossin, cusan, cus-in, cosnaib, gusna, com, cut, cot, cona, cua, co, co, conar, cono, conu, cona, condaib

prep., nasalizing, with dat. See GOI 274 , 503 . Perh. in complementary distribution with la, 495 . Also cu ( Ml. 94b11 , PH 132 ). ca, ZCP xi 109 § 16 . In later lang. go ( gu, i 408.2 ). With len. ch- (see GOI 111 ), Wb. 13a26 , Ml. 35d17 . With art. cosind, 133a4 ; cossin, TBC-I¹ 454 ; cusan, Anecd. i 4.21 ( SCano 106 ); cus-in, PH 1412 . cosnaib, Ml. 37a10 ; gusna, Ériu v 20.7 . With poss. com, Fél. Ep. 52 , TBFr. 364 . cut, Wb. 10a29 , cot, Blathm. 230 . In 3 pers. cona passim (later gona, Ériu i 24.135 etc.). Perh. also in: cua rǽr, Ml. 100b16 (oc ?), co rigid with his arm, TBC-I¹ 424 (cá, LU), co a ndibad, Laws iv 44.16 Comm. (1 co ?). With rel. Part. an talamh go n-a dtig de, DDána 37.30 . conar mhair, Stair Erc. 1182 . Rare with pron. suff.: 3 s. m. cono, BCrólige 39 . neut. conu, ZCP viii 310.24 . ?cona as well, Todd Nenn. 144. 152 . 3 pl. condaib, Auraic. 954 . Occas. with accus.: co llín n-ingen, LU 8714 ( FB 53 ). co . . . noemu, PH 3941 etc. go ndícheall ndofhaisnéise, TSh. 1852 . See Magauran 1010 n.

With , most freq. with words indicating accompaniment, attendant circumstances, etc., less freq. of instrument. In uses 2 and 3 somet. with additional preposition limiting the meaning.

1 Glossing Lat. cum: cosin taidbse il gl. cum multa ostensione, Ml. 30b11 . Wb. 28c19 , 30a26 ; Tur. 127 ; Ml. 23a13 , 26d10 , Sg. 39a2 . Note also: conoén guth gl. ex eadem uoce, Sg. 203b12 .

2 With nouns indicating persons (together) with, accompanied by, and ; massu cut séitchi ro cretis, Wb. 10a29 . Saul cona muntair, Ml. 30a3 . 26a8 . 34a22 . 55c1 . as tu cot mac, Blathm. 230 . co maccaib flaithi fer nÉrenn impu, BDD² 205. 469 . C. . . . cona tri nonbaraib, RC vi 174.9 . co-m brathrib, PH 1072 .

3 With nouns indicating objects with, having, carrying, etc.: na tri druide co ndanoibh `bearing gifts', Blathm. 12 . dobert C. for a bois cona luingin `together with his boat', RC vi 183.5 . ó B. . . . / co cétaib cúan, Ériu iv 152.25 . With additional prep.: sengobi cona indeuin fora muin, Mon. Tall. 184.4 . .lll. ngabar ... cona trí coectaib srían . . . friu, BDD² 466 . fer . . . co n-oenṡúil lais, 1351 . gabail (a s.) . . . co cethri cennaib forri, TBC-LL¹ 710 . caisslēn . . . gusin ruibēr ar n-a chomhtharraing 'n-a mhōirthimchioll, Fl. Earls 40.7 .

4 With nouns of less concrete meaning (together) with, provided with, and: dofil Crist cona soscelu, Wb. 4d29 . 26a18 . co pecad in popuil (the scapegoat), Tur. 110c . a laithe . . . cosnaib gnimaib . . . gniter and, Ml. 21c3 . adiecta cona n-ilmrechtrud, Sg. 29b6 . sum conáballib, 193b8 . 209b28 . niurt gene Crist cona bathius, Thes. ii 354.30 . cond neoch noduslen `together with the part which follows', Mon. Tall. 129.2 . sē bliadna . . . co mbloidh do blíadain, ZCP viii 111.27 . lá go n-oidhche, Ir. Review 1912, 517 § 1 . san ló go n-oídhche, Párl. na mB. 3554 . See 1 cet (151.55), leth (L 130.75).

5 With vnn. and similar words indicating the attendant circumstances of an action: bad samlith sulbairichthe co n-etarceirt gl. qui loquitur . . . oret ut interpretetur, Wb. 12d8 . co tabairt taebadh friu `trusting to them', Laws iv 74.22 Comm. gin tairgsin dlighi . . . go tairgsin dlighi, 234.21 Comm. acht mina gabad co fresabra unless he took it (the kingship) with opposition, RC xxiv 202.13 . meabhaidh maidhm forra gusan tenn ┐ gusan tairisiomh baoi leo in spite of, Hugh Roe² 166.1 .

6 Freq. with abstract etc. forming adjectival phrase: cosmulius co n-écsamlus gl. per hominem mors . . . per hominem resurrectio mortuorum, Wb. 13b25 . imbresna co lluindi gl. pugnas uerborum, 29b6 . 27c6 . guth formúigthe co trummai thinfid heavily aspirated, Sg. 9b18 . Ml. 30d18 . 37a10 . 92b10 . lasa senadh condimbrigh `the ignoble assembly', Blathm. 52 . do intliucht co saichi `a bad under- standing', Fél. Prol. 298 . fer corrath `a man of grace', Mon. Tall. 131.26 . ro bámarni . . . co cátaid acut you held me in esteem, LU 3917 ( SCC 43 ). ataí co ngalur ḟúail you are suffering from, Sc.M² 13 . P. . . . co llí, ZCP viii 107.16 . atā . . . in mac-caillech co n-idnaib in labour, KMMisc. 210.3 . ri . . . co fill a treacherous king, Stair Erc. 434 .

7 Similarly after verbs with adverbial force: is co [m]burpi asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, gl. ut minus sapiens dico, Wb. 17c23 . co nhuailbetaid gl. tumultuarie, Ml. 63b8 . 124c2 . co llondas gl. dedignanter, 130a9 . Cf. Wb. 6c6 . 13a1 . .27 . in spirut . . . di-ar snádud co solma / ar gábud, Lib. Hymn. 159.7 . mad cumscaidech co ndeithbire justifiably, Laws iv 62. 12 Comm. do ēirigh sūas co sotla arrogantly, ZCP viii 220.25 . go bhfios damhsa, is mór etc., TSh. 1101 `to my knowledge, I am sure,' Gloss.

8 Of instrument with, by means of, through: co mbreic ┐ togais gl. disimulat, Ml. 61a6 . dia goin cosin laighin, Blathm. 55 . ? cocorib gl. congruentibus (uerbis), Enchir. Aug. 81a ( ZCP vii 483 ). frisinle in coin cona dib lāmaib, TBC-I¹ 523 . co torchair .l. leis cona fhiaclaib killed 50 with his teeth, RC iii 181.35 . madia ndeicennaigter e gus an creic loige ita do reir dligid `if this be purchased for the price which is prescribed according to law', Laws iv 214.13 Comm. rogell si cona luga she promised on her oath, FDG 663 .

cosc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cosc or dil.ie/12582
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: coisg, cosg, casg, choisge

o, n. vn. of con-secha. n s. coisg (leg. cosg?), Content. xxiv 20 . cosg casg m., IGT Decl. § 96 . Verbs § 75 . g s. choisge, IGT Decl. ex. 1216 .

(a) act of reproving, admonishing, correcting; reproof, correction. Also in sense of physically punishing, chastising; punishment, chastisement (see Bergin, Ériu xvii 1 - 3 ): c.¤ a coasc, Corm. Y 255 . cusc .i. tecosc, Lec. Gl. 58 . coscc tegusg tenn , Metr. Gl. D. 33 . c.¤ .i. tegosc, Lec. Gl. 31 . O'Cl. cotob sechfider dichosscc gl. in uirga ueniam ad uos, Wb. 9a23 (see Ériu xvii 1 - 3 , Stud. Celt. ii 91 ). diar c.¤-ni gl. ad correptionem nostram, 11a31 . doch.¤ cáich gl. quid igitur lex? Propter transgressiones possita est, 19c9 . isc.¤ et cuindrech forcechtarde gl. quanto tempore heres paruulus est, nihil defert a seruo, 19c21 . c.¤ innamban, 22c10 . na bad naimtide ac.¤ gl. nolite quasi inimicum existimare, 26b28 . trech.¤ conacarbi cenchinta gl. nolite ad indignationem prouocare filios, 27c6 (see Ériu xvii 2 ). c.¤ innacoimded gl. domini, quos iustum est . . . seruis praestáte, 27c16 . c.¤ innammoge inso sis gl. serui . . . arbitrentur, 29b1 . tre ch.¤ , 31c4 . ní dodígail forfírianu . . . acht is doch.¤ cintach gl. iusto non est lex possita sed iniustis, 28a3 . nád deni ní arach. gl. delinquit, 31d12 . ? dumchoscaibse gl. meis nutibus, Ml. 41d11 ( duinchoscaibse, ( Thes. i 113 n. b) MS. ? Leg. du-m-inchoscaib-se, Celtica xix 178 ). honch. gl. correptione, 51b17 . honaib coscaib innangalar gl. moderatís castigationibus, 111b26 `by the chastisements consisting of the diseases', Ériu xvii 2 . See also Wb. 5a16 , 9a19 , 20d6 , Ml. 111c3 . dognith do tromch.¤ `who was severely chastised', Blathm. 48 and n. cena c.¤ `without correcting himself', Mon. Tall. 128.3 . mo ch.¤ do cach óen / scarad fri peccad advice, LU 9480 . gearait (.i. eolach) do c.¤ (.i. tegusc) fand (.i. aineolach), ZCP v 486 § 6 (B. na f.). do ghene a cc.¤ `he punished them', Blathm. 96 § 21 . oc c.¤ inna mban, LU 8422 ( FB 29 ). bat cumnech coisc ót senaib, 3491 ( SCC 26 ). cuin as tūalaing coisc ala n-aile? `capable of correcting others', Celtica viii 68.91 ( ZCP iii 451.26 ). ní cara cách cosg a baise, H 3.18, 36.13 . olc in c.¤ cinad `the wicked advice', Ériu iii 148 § 2 . meic cen casc, Lism. L. 4664 . gabhaim do chosg ar mo chuing `I take on myself to punish you', Content. xxvii 11 . c.¤ lobair .i. elenn for in fid in ogaim `corrective of a sick man', Auraic. 5660 (medicine?).

(b) act of hindering, preventing; staunching (of wounds), etc.; remedy, cure : do ch.¤ na fola, Metr. Dinds. iii 344.77 . c.¤ fogla, Cog. 54.9 . dobéraimne robhar ítadh . . . nemfhogbail dige día cusc doib to quench it (i.e. thirst), RC xii 90 § 111 (see deoch coisc below). do chosg bróin `thy sorrow's cure' (of son), Bard. P. 36.§ 8 . ó Mhuire tuccadh a coscc / rop slán cech rosc [i]ma téit `healing', Moling 37 . cosg fiabhrasa `cure of fever', Bard. P. 25.12 . forfhemdhetar a ch.¤ oc bendachtain, LB 123a4 . As legal remedy : ar ni inun cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ leth[ṡ]air 'for the remedy for noble and base and half-noble is not the same', Mar. Dis. 30 § 7 . Some exx. for attrib. g s. belong here; see below.

(c) Attrib. g s.: bean for a fuirmither ainim coisc blemish caused by (physical) punishment, Laws v 292.21 .i. ac a c.¤ co indligthech (i.e. by her husband), 294.18 Comm. cáin chuisc 'the rule of healing', Mar. Dis. 69 (cf. Bechbretha 52 § 6 ). bid crann cuisc Temra a rod to rule T., Lism. L. 2809 . riagail na dighe cuisg 'the rule of the healing drink', Mar. Dis. 69 (cf. Bechbretha 52 § 6b ). gabail cuisc do fer freptha fris imbi c.¤ , Laws i 268. 7 - 8 .i. ag (leg. an) erid bes ag congbail na dighi cuisc fris in fer bis isin freptaidh, 300.25 - 26 Comm. muighi do digh coiscc, BNnÉ 315 § 11 . fan digh cuisg, IGT Decl. ex. 1039 . fuarabair dig cuisc tonnaid, TFerbe 600 . domna coisc 'enough for a cure', CIH i 177.18 , Mar. Dis. 70 . a chomarlid. a ḟer cuisc instructor, LL 31569 (TTr.). fer a choisc a man capable of checking him, ZCP vi 29.32 . suí coisc cach suí, LL 24282 `every sage is a corrective sage', RC xxvi 17 .

(d) With follg. prepp.: gniom a laime do c.¤ diob to prevent them from . . . , TBC St. 3799 . ba c.¤ fairrgi do tractaib ┐ ba c.¤ gaithi fri fudbaid holding back the sea (in list of impossible tasks), BB 411a52 . d'eagla choisg na n-aeiged d'fín, IGT Verbs ex. 677 . sás na n-ainmhianach do chosg dá gcoirthibh, TSh. 6828 . casg aga ar gach anduine control, O'R. Poems 22 . c.¤ . . . on oite for in dalta, Laws ii 348.21 Comm. iad féin do chosg . . . ó bhréithribh, Párl. na mB. 1248 . Note also: a ccosg do chum coimhthechta = exhort them to, RSClára 95a . In phr. do-beir (cuirid) c.¤ for: nírbuch.¤ coir dorratsat forru són gl. correptionis, Ml. 113d7 . c.¤ mbec doberr forsna pecthachu, 51b23 (see Ériu xvii 2 ). c.¤ do tabairt ar chuislennaib na maighdine, Grail 3497 . do bheir an chranncair air imreasanaibh cosg = causeth to cease, Proverbs xviii 18 . ar bhar gcailg ó nach cuiream cosg, Content. ix 11 . cosg do chor ar amharc ainmhianach a shúl, TSh. 7252 .

1 crech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 crech or dil.ie/12791
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: crich

n ā, f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 168 . ? d s. crich, Ériu iii 137.48 (if not for crích). plunder, booty: plundering expedition : crecha maílduín / berttair iceín, IT iii 84 § 72 . cen chreich, cen gait, Airne F. 339 . aisic a chreiche ┐ a einich, Anecd. ii 73.2 . ? coirm c.¤ cruit (`cup'), Cóir Anm. 121 . mili dam . . . / nír íc creach `they were never the reward of raiders', Leb. Cert.² 175 . tusa an chreach . . . ┐ as misi an toir (Cú Chulainn to Fer Díad), ZCP x 285.32 . lucht na c.¤ plunderers , PH 7559 . Bert crechi (nickname) `Load-of-Plunder', RC xvii 381.25 (Tig.). macsamla na crichi se (sic), ZCP iii 23.29 . dogebhair admáil it creich you will gain recognition for your forced gift (i.e. to a church), BNnÉ 146.36 . crīch B. i n-a comar creach a mêlée of raids, ML² 1132 . ro la creich . . . uadh hí S. nA. threw out a skirmishing party, AFM ii 1126.4 . ro chuaid . . . ar creich innuib Findgenti, Cog. 102.10 . creacha an tíre do theichemh rempo `spoils', AFM v 1266.2 . c.¤ lá hUa Néill, ii 840.2 . leómhan ar a mbiadh inneall creiche = paratus ad praedam, TSh. 4157 . As vn.: níor bh'uamhan liom aon dom chreich, Ériu i 95.19 .

With follg. qual. wd.: géill na Cásg ní creacha ar shíodh `have not been captured without a fight', Aithd. D. 58.18 . ní do chreic[h] bó ná búailead (of hosting of death), Bard. P. 53. 12 . ? eneach in righ ni creach cluig / da dhil neach in gach Nodhlaigh (sic), IGT Metr. Faults§ 151 . c.¤ choblach lá hU. sea-raid , AFM ii 1182.14 . creach dhíghla, ALC i 250.21 . c.¤ folama, AU i 494.13 (see ? folama ). ar creich loingsi `on a plundering voyage', Stair Erc. 646 . c.¤ mhórmheabhla `treacherous depredation', ALC i 510.z . a c.¤ rig do denam do ar Uib Falgi `king's raid', Ann. Conn. 1265.8 . crecha urradhais .i. in creach i n-aigidh creichi, O'D. 2412 ( Rawl. B 506, 53a ). Of harrowing of Hell, see s.v. Cásc .

Predatory party : c.¤ marcach rempu, AU i 506.19 . omna .i. ria creich, no re coibdin, Laws iv 94.5 Comm. ? da fagbaidh . . . in c.¤ no in galar ní aige, Laws iii 368.15 Comm. gur lecadár creach mor imach, O'Gr. Cat. 7.21 . ár a creiche íme, AU ii 112.11 . creach .i. sluagh, O'Cl.

In vaguer sense ruin, calamity, desolation : mór an c.¤ , BColm. 100.17 . c.¤ ṅgúr (cheville), SR 7899 . cion an fhormaid / . . . is creach dhóibh, Dán Dé xxxi 39 . is creach . . . dá cháirdibh (of death of nobleman), Keat. Poems 133 . mo chreach chráite . . . alas! Celtica i 93.167 . mo chreach don bhuídhin (imprecation ?), Párl. na mB. 2378 .

Compds. With nouns: crodh ┐ creachairgthe na criche, Hugh Roe² 192.y . Tír Mac C. na ccrechár, Top. Poems² 491 . ar an ccreachgoid, IGT Introd. § 103 . fri crechbhrath, Gorm. 6 . crechdighail mor `retaliatory depredation', AU i 520.7 . creach ghabháil la C. dar Sh. nA., AFM ii 922.z . ar dháigh chreachlomtha pillaging, v 1566.5 . crechloscad na Cundai, Ann. Conn. 1405.4 . ? tenn in chrechmuirn (of a horse), RC xxxvi 263 § 23 . ar cuairt crechól `a foray of plunder and drinking', BCC 290.27 . D. mac C. na ccreac[h]ród, Caithr. CC 45 . dol doib . . . for crechruathur, Ann. Conn. 1386.6 . eng ┐ foillecht an chreach-shloigh, Hugh Roe² 82.23 . crechsluaghadh `a foray hosting', AU ii 114.10 .

With adjj.: i n-Óe Cúalann crech-adbail, Metr. Dinds. iii 114.64 . inghean Cathail chreacharnaidh ` bold-raiding ', Magauran 4168 . rí . . . creach-beodha, Hy Maine 133.y .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ri croda creachdimsach, BB 411b40 . la Ingcél Cáech crechdulig by Ingcél Cáech [who was] unyielding in plundering, Three Historical Poems 152 q. 122d . itt . . . .é cendbeca . . . crechfobdi, LU 6911 = crechḟoibdidi, BDD² 465 `swift to raid(?)', Gloss. ri . . . creach-indsaightheach, Hy Maine 138.9 . mac C. creachlaemdha, BB 61a45 . fer . . . crechlinmair, ALC ii 188.2 . ind ḟir chairdig crechloṅgaig of the plundering ships, LL 17683 . mac tairsigh . . . chrechnoisigh plunder-famous, O'Curry 1468 ( H 3.18, 652 ). sladaighe creach-reilgeach = un voleur sacrilege, Trompa na bhF. 584 . in righ croda creachuathmur, BB 418b22 .

With vbs.: creachloisscid crīoch C. co léir, ZCP xiv 221.2 . ro creachoirgeadh . . . a n-ermhor, AFM iv 764.10 .

cuiríne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuiríne or dil.ie/13663

n .i. a tenn agallaim, O'Curry 424 ( H 3.18, 231b ). cnet .i. fri dis, currine .i. fri sochaidhi, 440 ( 237a b ).

1 dalb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dalb or dil.ie/14369
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f. A falsehood, lie, untruth, fiction, guile. dalb .i. brég a dolo .i. on ceilg, Corm. Tr. p. 58 . dalbh .i. brég, O'Cl., P. O'C. — roráid Dauid ciarbo dalb `olcc dul i céin cen dagarm', SR 6185 . ni relic Dauid dalb tenn (chev.) acht rainn na fadb co coitchenn, ib. 6465 . ní dalb it is no fiction, frequent in poetry : ní d.¤ adfiadar óchéin, SR 1987 . é ni dalbh...roṁarbh Brandubh, AU i 82. 23 (cf. Tig. 605 , RC xvii 166. 8 ). ni d.¤ i cath Temrach tricc : rodmarb Cermna mac Ebric, MacCarthy 160. 3 ( LL 127 b 28 ). ní d.¤ ...romarb Eochaid, ib. 210. 11 . ní dalb deilm as lia, Rawl. 79 b 46 . ní dalb dath, ib. 163 b 32 . ní dalbh as marbh mac Dearbháil, AFM i 544. 15 . Keat. 1829 . — ní do dalb ná thuscurnud, LL 44 a 4 . ? ní do dailb didu, Metr. Dinds. ii 32.82 . na Ruadcinn ní dalb saine : isiat romarb Conaire, ib. 48 b 19 . coro chloemchlae ní dalb daith : forin maig oc Carn Ḟeradaig, ib. 184 b 33 . gaind nach dailb, ib. 265 a 32 . dar[a] éis ní dalb decair, Rawl. 165 b 12 . g s. iar mbreith dalba (sic leg.), LL iii 16971 . a s. combad uadi cen dailb ṅdet : ainm Essa Ruaid co romét, LL 213 a 51 . gan dailb is gan donairte, Laud 615, p. 10 . gan imroll gan dailb gan dron, ib. p. 21 . pl. dubdalba nisdenai Aed, ACL iii 306. 2 . g p. homo ...uios doghres ar caoi na ndalbh (gl. na mbreag) on the way of lies ZCP iii 378. 2 .—Cf. dalbad.

dead

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dead or dil.ie/14812
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: deud, dead, deoid, diaid, diud, deoaid, diud, dead, diaid, diaid, diaid, dead, dead, deád, deod, deogh, diad, deid, dead, i ndead, dé, déid, deoidh, -deóidh, -deóigh, diad, díad, ndiad, ndiag, diat, diaid, díaid, diáid, diaig, diaigh, diud, díud, diúdh, diuid, diuidh, diúidh, deud, déud, diaid, deugh, deod, deód, deódh, deodh, déod, deog, deut, déu, deo, dé, deid, déidh, -déidh, -déigh, deoid, déoid, deóid, deóid, deoaid, deoig, diud, díud, diú, diae, dead-, deod-, déod-, deog-, ded-, Dead, diad., Dead, dofeid

n o, n. and ā, f. Neuter gender proved by Sg. 162 a 7 : ní cumscichther dead nindib, and Ériu iii 100 § 22 : diad naidche (Rule of Ailbe). In the 9th century still disyllabic, in the latter half of the 10th century monosyllabic. In early Mid.-Ir. poetry occasionally disyllabic to meet the requirements of the metre.—The ā-inflexion dates back to the Wb. glosses (13 d 9 ; cf. Sg. 212 a 13 ). fo hírdiuid (: triuin), SR 3984 .

DISYLLABIC: deud, Fél. Prol. 220 . dead, LL 135 a 24 (poem ascribed to Mael Muire Othna †887). deoid, Reicne Fothaid Chanainne (late 9th century), Fianaig. 16. 18 . diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 (Broccán's Hymn). dead, SR 2829 . diud, ib. 3087 . Rawl. 46 a . deoaid, Gorm. Feb. 24 (Mid.-Ir.). diaid, FB § 71 (ambiguous).

MONOSYLLABIC: diud, SR 1568 . dead, LU 51 b 41 (poem ascribed to Cinaed Ua Hartacáin †975). diad (v.l. ded), Rule of Ailbe (10th century), Ériu iii 100 § 22 . diaid ZCP iii 22. 31 (poem from A.D. 982, ascribed to MacCosse). diaid, LL 143 a 41 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Chomded, 12th century). diaid, LL 144 a 48 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Choimded Ua Cormaic, 12th century). Cf. further diaid, Acall. 2508. 3369 . ZCP v 24 § 11 , viii 114. 11 . déidh ZCP iv 237. 16 . dead, ib. iii 19. 36 , all poems in Mid.-Ir. language.

RHYMES: deäd: gleäd, SR 2829 . deäd: gleëd, LL 135 a 24 . diüd: triür, Rawl. 46 a . diüd: biüd, SR 3087 ; but monosyllabic diud: biud, SR 1568 . deöig: gleöad (gleoaid, leg.), Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). Monosyll. diaid: gliaid, LL 144 a 48 . ZCP vi 269 . st 11 . diaid: riad SR 595 . : criaid, ZCP vi 266 § 11 = 3 C 13, 558. 7 . deoid: ceol, LL 146 a 26 . deóid: eóil, Cog. 54. 18 ; 3 C 13, 558. 1 . deóigh: aieóir, ib. 591. 6 . deoidh: móir, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . déidh: éill, ib. 112 .

INFLEXION (for mod. forms cf. also II a, d, e below): n s. (a) dead, Sg. 162 a 7 . LL 135 a 24 . ZCP iii 19. 36 . deád LU 51 b 41 . deod, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . (b) diad, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . —g s. deid, BB 330 a 41 . —a s. (a) dead, SR 2829 . LL 245 b 24 . TBC-LL¹ 1225 Y. i ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . AU A.D. 772 . Sg. 1 a 5 . 11 b 4 . 18 b 2 . 77 a 9 . dé, O'Curry Trs. déid: deig, FDG 376 . déid, ZCP iv 237. 16 and common in mod. poetry. deod: deog, Ériu ii 174. 12 ; co deo[d] = mod. go deo. deoid, Fianaig. 16. 18 . deoidh, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . Mod. -deóidh, -deóigh. (b) diad, Ml. 23 c 16 . 119 a 4 . Laws iv 366. 1 . díad, Mon. Tall. 139 . 20 . i ndiad , Ml. 17 c 6 . 20 b 4 . 22 a 8 . 35 b 23 . 35 d 11 . 40 c 2 . 42 b 5 . 45 b 3 - 4 , 9 . 48 b 9 . 50 c 5 . 53 c 14 . 63 a 7 . 65 a 12 . 65 b 5 . 75 c 8 . 89 a 8 . 103 b 11 . 91 d 7 . 100 c 2 . 111 c 9 . 127 a 12a . Tur. 131 . Mon. Tall. 131. 15 . i ndiag , Laws i 22. 26 . diat (before s): inna d. sen, Anecd. iii 50. 1 v.l.— diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 . LL 143 a 41 . 144 a 48 . LB 231 a 3 . FB §§ 65 , 70 , 71 . TBC-LL¹ 695 . 893 . 1000 . 1030 . Laws i 152. 1 f.b. ; v 480. 23 . RC xxiv 180. 20 ; xxix 220 . ZCP iii 22. 31 . Acall. 2175 . 2508 . 2567 . 3369 . 3407 . 3866 . 4069 . 4533 . 4610 . 5397 . 6044 . Cog. 154. 10 . MacCarthy 126. 0 . CCath. 69. 3401 . Fianaig. 54. 5 . PH pass. díaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 . BB 415 b 21 . diáid, FB § 70 . SCC § 20 , § 46 . FA § 31 . TBC-LL¹ 923 . LL 242 a 40 . diaig, Laws i 22. 13 sq. ZCP i 372. 24 ; v 24 § 11 ; viii 114. 11 . RC v 200 § 14 . diaigh, RC xviii 292. 15 . TBC-LL¹ 686 v.l. &c. diud: díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diúdh, AFM v 2036. 12 . diuid: diuidh, ib. 1926. 5 f.b. diúidh, i 290. 5 f.b.d s. (a) deud, Wb. 3 b 28 . 13 b 3 . Thes. ii 44. 10 . Sg. 9 b 21 . 93 b 8 . Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . LL 249 b 27 . déud, Fél. Prol. 220 (v.l. diaid). deugh, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. deod: deód, FB § 83 , § 90 , 91 . IT i 257. 2 . LU 112 b 4 . LL 126 a 1 . deódh, AFM v 1748. 9 . deodh, ib. vi 1428. 2 . déod, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. deog, RC xii 64. 22 ; xiii 28. 19 . deut, Thes. ii 44. 10 . déu, Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . deo, LL 220 b 31 . Laws v 196. 13 . TTr. 26 . dé, TBC-LL¹ 1488 Y. deid, Wb. 13 d 9 . Sg. 212 a 13 . déidh, Ech. Am. Móir 112 . -déidh, -déigh, mod. poetry. deoid: CCC § 5 Eg. Mon. Tall. 140. 29 . Laws i 26. 10 ; ii 134. 15 ; iii 130. 22 . LL 146 a 26 . IT i 100. 19 . ZCP iii 36. 1 . RC xxiv 174. 10 ; 200. 18 . MacCarthy 68 . 12 . PH pass. déoid, TBC-LL¹ 1897 . deóid (sic), Cog. 54. 18 . deóid, ScM. § 12 . FA § 3 , § 22 . Ériu iii 137. 48 . PH pass. deoaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 (disyllabic). deoig Mon. Tall. 135. 18 , 153. 22 . Laws v 172. 2 f.b. Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . Laws ii 40. 7 f.b. Cog. 40. 16 &c. (b) diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . 40 a 15 . BCr. 18 d 1 . Thes. ii 44. 15 . SR 3087 (: biüd), 1568 (monosyll.). Rawl. 46 a (: triür). Trip. 72. 3 . RC xxiv 147. 12 . díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diú, Mon. Tall. 138. 29 . diae, Laws v 368. 11 .—COMPS. dead- RC xxv 28. 3 . deod-, déod-, MacCarthy 280. 5 . AFM iv 778. 4 . deog-, MacCarthy 302. 19 . ded-, v. dedól.

Dead as an independent word was becoming obsolete at the beginning of the Mid.-Ir. period, and words like deired, cenn, and forcenn took its place. It was preserved, however, in prepositional phrases; but the o-inflexion gave way to the ā-inflexion, which latter seems as old as the Wb glosses (see above). The acc. sg. remained intact in the phrase co deod = mod. go deo. The change from the o- to the a- inflexion was facilitated by the parallel phrase i ndigaid (i ndegaid) which in Mid.-Ir., apart from the slender -d, was bound to fall together with diad. Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid, then, seems a contamination of Oir. i ndiad and i ndígaid; both render Lat. proinde ( .i. i ndígaid sin, Ml. 71 b 11 ; .i. i ndiad sin, Ml. 65 a 12 , 75 c 8 ; .i. inna diad, ib. 63 a 7 ); corresponding to Sg. 77 a 9 : mac i ndead a athar, Wb. 30 b 14 has: maic i ndegaid a nathre. Mid.-Ir. has i ndegaid (i ndegaid a athar, MacCarthy 282 , 11 f.b. ) and i ndiaid; but there is no trace of a Mid.-Ir. i ndígaid. In a phrase like the following: táinic in rechtaire i ndíaid in áil the steward came to get the fork RC xxix 220. 7 , díaid should be traced to Oir. dígaid rather than to diad.

ORIGIN: Dead, i.e. †de-vedo-, is a cpd. of prep. de, as the interchange dead: diad (cf. degaid: dígaid) shows, and an old vn. of †de-ved leads off or out, the opposite of †to-ved leads on, Oir. dofeid. For †de-fed cf. do-díat (i.e. †dí-ved-s-t) translating Lat. inducat Ml. 35 c 30 (dum-dísed diducet ib. 78 b 18 , dan-diat deducit eum Sg. 77 a 4 ), and interchanging with de-, as in dead: dusn-deraid (†de-ro-fáid) transl. eduxit, Ml. 99 b 13 . Cf. dered `end,' orig. vn. of †de-reth-. Thus tuus and dead spring from one and the same root. To fedid as the root of dead also point the adjectives didenach, dedenach, probably derivatives from a vn. †diden (cf. air-diden, tu-diden), cf. fedan, deidine.—Stokes' derivation, Sprachschatz 144 , is wrong.

I End, conclusion, utmost limit , as the opposite to tuus or tossach, usually referring to time or serial order. deod .i. deired, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh .i. deradh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . ó thossach co déidh, ZCP iv 237. 16 . ó thossuch co dead, LL 245 b 24 . ó thús co deig, FDG 376 . diud at the end of: diud noichtich, BCr. 18 d 1 .

(a) dead aidche the end of the night: dofil deoidh na haidchi, Fianaig. 16. 18 . iarméirge cert la sruithi diad naidchi tossach laithi, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . d s. deud aidche at the end of the night: laithe nand atraig deud aidche (v.l. diud a., RC xxiv 147. 12 ) LL 249 b 27 .

(b) dead lái the end of the day, the evening : ria ndeód lái, FB § 90 . ré ndeo lái, LL 220 b 31 . TTr. 261. 321 (ndéo). a mbátar and co deód lái co tráth na faire, FB § 83 . rorádi a ara friss imm díud lái, Trip. 124. 18 . d s. deud lái at the end of the day, at eventide : tic Find don ḟuarboith déod lái, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. tapair na trí scitle si deog læi do Chridenbél, RC xii 64. 22 . amal robátar and tráth nóna deód lái, FB § 91 . LU 112 b 4 . trath nóna deog lái, RC xiii 28. 19 . taisbenad inna flede deód lái, FB § 91 . LL 126 a 1 . deugh lói, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. arcesi scís a láma diud lái, Trip. 72. 3 . ind sailm aurnaigi déu lái the evening psalms of prayer Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . ic crosfigil diú laoi, ib. 138. 29 . Also in the FM in archaizing language: lodar ó Áth Seanaigh deodhlaoí, v 1428. 2 . doluidh deódhlaoí láiṁ re Sionainn, ib. 1748. 9 .—For diae, Laws v 368. 11 : diae inn laei aircendai at the end of the appointed day, read diud.

(c) dead bliadnae the end of a year, d.¤ fogmair the end of the autumn. Arch. in FM: co diúidh teora mbliadhan, AFM i 290. 5 f.b. go diuidh mbliadhna, vi 1926. 5 f.b. ní roionnsaigh cechtar nae díobh aroile go diúdh foghṁair, ib. 2036. 12 .

(d) dead in domain the end of the world: co tici dead in domuin, ZCP iii 19. 36 . rosuigidead na cána so ó thosach domain co diaig to the end (`go deo'), Laws v 480. 23 . indiu déud domain (v.l. diaid), Fél. Prol. 220 .

(e) the end of life: Issac fri dead náissi: glead gníma glangáisse, SR 2829 .

(f) the end of a numeral series: ocht ṁbliadna déc... acht fil co diaid in míle, ZCP iii 22 st 36 .

(g) the conclusion of a book, a psalm, a chapter , &c.: hua sunt conrici diad in tsailm from here to the end of the psalm Ml. 119 a 4 . hi tosuch in tsailm...┐ ised dano tadbat inna diud, ib. 40 a 15 . ó `dixi custodiam' co díad (sc. of the psalm) Mon. Tall. 139. 20 . corrici diat[h], ib. 139. 25 . crónic ...inti medon ┐ tossach ┐ dead, LL 135 a 24 .

(h) grammatically: Auslaut, the end of a word, as opposed to tossach `Anlaut'; transl. Lat. finis: in principio mouentur .i. ní cumscichther dead nindib, Sg. 162 a 7 .

(i) FIG. ní thoracht Cormac déad na fírinni rodfír, LU 51 b 41 .

(k) IDIOM. ó thús diaid from the beginning to the end: adfiadat a scéla ó tús díaíd dó, BB 415 b 21 . ó thúis deireadh is still usual (W.K.).

II PREP. PHRASES.

A Prep. governing the accusative.

(a) co dead frequent in the phrase ó thús co d.¤ , v. above I, c, d, f, g; esp. co deod (originally the d s.), mod. go deo (in all districts), like choidhche, go héag, go bráth of future time, to the end, always : beidh sé gan ṁaith go deo he will be no good any more. sin é an buachaill gan eagla go deo (W.K.). faire go deó rú!, Midnight court 418 . Most frequently with a negative = never: ní thiocfaidh sé taobh liom go deo airíst; ní ḟéadfainn é go deo; ní bheidh sé agut go deo (W.K.). For Aran cf. Finck ii 86 .—co dé .i. co bráth, O'Curry Trs.

(b) fri dead, v. I e.

(c) fo diad last, after verba movendi: in ordine secunda ponuntur .i. inna hí batar buthi ar thuus dusrale fo diad, Ml. 23 c 16 .

(d) i ndead, i ndiad; Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid (rarely i ndeod, Ériu ii 174. 12 ). Eclipsis abandoned in Mid.-Ir. Cf. Acall. 2567 . YBL 179 b 3 . FB § 71 . In Mod.-Ir. a great variety of forms: i ndiaidh in all districts except the north (where as in Scotland déidh is used). In Kerry the following forms are heard: i ndiaig (-g from -idh), i ndeoig; i ndia, i ndeo' (i ndeodhadh), esp. before the particle san: na dhia san, but na dhiaig sin; i ndéig (na dhéig sin), na dhé' san. Very frequent is na dheabhaig sin (na dheabha san) thereafter, perhaps a contamination of i ndeoig and i ndeaghaig (still in use). Don. déidh is by Quiggin Dial. Don. § 162 traced to Oir. dead, degaid.

(α) of serial order, after, following after. Often synonymous or interchanging with i ndegaid. Corresponding to Lat. sequens, consequens: sequenti uocali .i. i ndead in deoguir bís sin chétna sillaib, Sg. 18 b 2 . de spiritali consequenti eos petra .i. a nail inna ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . turbae quae sequebantur: na buidne robátar ina dhiaid, PH 4625 . 4575 ( ib. 4383 i ndegaid in the same phrase). Opposed to Lat. praecedens and pronominal cpds. with ré n-: praecedenti, gl. buithe inna diad, Ml. 35 b 23 . dá charpat rempe díb ┐ dá charpat na diaid following her (sc. Medb) TBC-LL¹ 695 ; same phrase Acall. 3866 . —is i ndiadet dixisti' dutiagat `come after Ml. 111 c 9 . bó i ndiaid (v.l. i ndíad) ind lóig, Thes. ii 340. 3 . beith i ndiaid to follow Laws i 152. 1 f.b. —MOD. ní hé sin tá uaim ach an ceann na dhiaig sin airíst the one immediately following (of a chapter in a book).

(β) after, in succession to; often translating Lat. successio, post. Type: macc i ndead a athar, Sg. 77 a 9 . Synon. i ndegaid. cen macc i ndeog a athar for Érinn co bráth, Ériu ii 174. 12 (v.l. a ndiaid, Rawl.); but: maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb. 30 b 14 . in baile seo do fognum dó ┐ dá muintir ina diaid, Acall. 5397 . Iugaine a ndiaid Eirimoin, ib. 2567 . 2508 . Acall. 4969 . Cf. Laws i 22. 13 sq. , 26 . successionem generis .i. inna diad, Ml. 127 a 12a .— is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna nísel, Ml. 40 c 20 . léic foraindi ┐ forár maccu inár ṅdiaid a fuil ┐ a dígal PH 2947 . atruacht Gamut a ndiaig I., ZCP viii 114. 11 .— Often opposed to remi: coná bói remut nách hi[d] diaid ríg bas eolchu indái, PH 3968 . 3970 . roiṁe ┐ i ndiaidh bídh, Donlevy 392. 6 ; 120. 3 ; iv 21 ; i nd. a bháis, ib. 27. 19 — ardor solis...deirmess mór inna dead following on it AU A.D. 772 . post illos, gl. i ndead inna ní sin, Sg. 1 a 5 .

cách i nd. alaili one after the other (= diaid i ndiaid, μ): continua successione .i. cách díb i ndiad alaili, Ml. 42 b 5 . 72 b 27 . nosdíbairg na trí coecta snáthat cách i ndiaid araili díb, FB 65 . d. araili id.: berid secht cluichi diaig aroili RC v 200 § 14 . —Cf. mod. cách i ndiaidh a chéile.

(γ) with 3 sg. poss. pron. and the demonstr. particle sin = thereafter, thereupon ; often synonymous with iarum, iarsin, annsin. i ndiad sin, transl. proinde, Ml. 65 a 12 . 75 c 8 (synon. i ndigaid sin, gl. proinde, Ml. 71 b 11 ); transl. etiam, Ml. 20 b 7 (wrongly corrected by the editors to inna d. s.).—Cf. the mod. Sc. an déigh sin, an déigh so afterwards. inna diad, transl. proinde, Ml. 63 a 7 . Mid.-Ir. na diaid, na d.¤ sin. inda diaid, Mon. Tall. 131. 12 . inda diad sin, ib. 131. 15 . atchúala ina diáid guth ind aingil, FA § 31 . doberthea a chlann co Brian ina diaid afterwards RC xxiv 180. 20 . roeirgedar maccáim re hescradaib...┐ rodíanscáilit lind do chách ina diaid sin, Acall. 4610 . ina diaid thereupon PH 857 . 1144 . 2890 . Donlevy vii 26 ; xviii 10 ; 270. 7 . go haithghearr na dhiaidh shortly after ib. 456. 21 . trí míosa na dhiáigh sin three months after Bedel Gen. xxxviii 24 . mór chian na dhiaigh sin, OCL 20. 1 .—Very frequent in mod. lang.: tamall na dhiaigh sin shortly after.

(δ) i ndead, inna dead, idiomatically as a term of reference = below, further on, referring to something more explicitly defined in what follows. i ndead: duo possuit necessaria, gl. asbeir i ndiad which he mentions further on Ml. 50 c 5 . ib. 45 b 9 . duplicis salutis auctor Ezechiae fuit Deus .i. a nasbeir i ndiad as he says below ib. 48 b 9 . Here also Ml. 35 d 11 : iste inquam &c. .i. i ndiad, and 103 b 11 : nihil inquam &c. , gl. i ndiad, where indiad by Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 , and Stokes, Thes. i 717 a , is wrongly explained as a verbal form translating Lat. inquam; in both instances the glossator omitted the usual `asbeir,' as it might be understood from the Lat. inquam to which he added his gloss. inna dead; as the parallel phrases im d.¤ , inár nd.¤ show, inna contains the 3 sg. m. (f.): issed són desimrechtaigedar som namma inna dead it is this which he exemplifies below Sg. 11 b 4 . imchomarc insin huile ┐ ishǽ a thuassulcud in comthod talmaidech asber inna diad .i. prohibe &c. , Ml. 53 c 14 . ib. 22 a 8 . 65 b 5 . 89 a 8 . 100 c 2 . inna ndiad immediately after Ml. 91 d 7 , where the plural refers to `dispensationes.' With following sís: issí in míimbert asbeir inna diad sís, Ml. 17 c 6 . ib. 45 b 3 .—neut. do réir mar cuirthear síos é na dhiaidh so (i.e. in the following chapter), Donlevy 392. 7 . it dead, orig. after you (viz. the reader), i.e. below: conad impi sein tarla etarru ar marbad Hectair itiáid, LL 272 a 40 . TTr. 1900 . More usually the 1 sg. or pl. is employed: im dead, inár ndead: amal atá inár ndiaidh, MacCarthy 126 o . IT iii 69 § 17 . mar indeósus in scél inár ndiaidh as the story will tell afterwards CCath. 69 . —Cf. also Donlevy xxi 1 f.b. : an teagasc Crísduighe si nár ndiaidh. —The phrase is still in use.—Synon. inár ndegaid, diár néis ( Sg. 195 a 2 ).

(ε) after verba movendi, after , denoting the aim or object of many verbs, syn. i ndegaid, i nindsaigid. dol (techt, &c.) i nd. to follow: luid in mac bec na ndíaid dia nimdibe, TBC-LL¹ 923 . dolotar i nd. Atharni, YBL 179 b 3 . tibra itá i Loch Con...téit na diaig intan tráiges, ZCP v 24 § 11 . ragaid Líban it diáid, SCC § 20 . tángadur cách ina diaid, Acall. 2175 . marcsluaigh...ag dul nár ndiaigh OCL 25. 12 . an tí rénar toil teacht im dhiaidh se diúltadh é féin, TSh. 222. 25 . to approach : ag dol i nd. deiridh decaying , a common phrase = ag d. chum deiridh, W.K. follow with intent to overtake, pursue : go dtigidh tóir id dhéidh, Ech. Am. 112 . ac teacht le fíochniṁ ina ndeoidh, ib. 578 . rith i nd. to run after: nobered rith báise na ndiaid, TBC-LL¹ 893 . ceangailte do neithib saoghalta ┐ ag rioth na ndiaidh, Donlevy x 2 . gabáil i nd. to pursue : gabmáidne uile a ndiaid ind óclaig, Acall. 6044 . dorónsat airbirt tenn a ndiaid a comalta, ib. 3407 . rolebling léim ina diaid sum, FB 70 . cur i nd. to send against (or to): rocuired D. ndiaid (= i nd.) na muinter día narcain, Cog. 154. 10 . docuiredh teachta uatha ina dhiaidh, OCT 54.21 . ag drud na ndéoigh approaching them 3 C 13, 591. 6 . to throw after: docer a samthig inna diad, Tur. 131 . focerd ceirtle ana ndiaidh, RC x 68. 7 . to call, shout after: doriugart Georgi a ndiaid na míled, PH 1335 . Cf. Sc. chuir misi nan déidh mo ghlaodh, Macd. 325 b .

(ζ) buith i nd.¤ (a) with a personal subject: to be after, i.e. to seek, to look for, try to get, pursue. bái sium a ndiaidh a athardha he persevered in his endeavours to recover his patrimony AFM vi 2094. 5 . in lucht marbta ro bai ina n-diaidh-siumh, CCath. 5763 . 5768 . dḟosgail sé é is thóig sé leis an rud a raibh sé na dhiaidh which he was looking for Súil Uí Dhubhda 4. 19 . is mian leis bheith a ndiagh a thoile, Ériu v 128 § 27 . Cf. táinic...a ndiaidh an áil to get the fork RC xxix 220 . —(b) with neuter subj. to be left, spared: sgriosag an tír is níl na ndiaig acht flíoch is fiadhaile Midnight court 79 .

(η) with verbs like slaodaim, tarraigim, stracaim I drag or trail after me: siubhail nó stracfad san lathaig am dhiag, Midnight court 134 . —Synon. i ndegaid, TBC-LL¹ 1924 .

(θ) after in the foll. phrases: as marb uile Fianna...olc atú a ndiaid na ríg rán, Acall. 3369 . co cend trí lá nícon reilgthe láig dia mbúaib ina diaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 (`to commemorate him,' Meyer). nach dleaghair do neach cuṁa do dhéanaṁ i ndiaidh an tí théidh uaidh, TSh. 238. 16 . tá sé anuaigneach i ndiaidh a ṁic (W.K.).—Synon. i ndegaid.

(ι) behind : féach id dhiaigh, transl. respice post te, TSh. 15. 2 ; very common after fácbaid to leave something behind one: dfág sé an raṁan na dhiaidh he left the spade behind him (W.K.). Numerous exx. Finck ii 81 .

(κ) since : leo so dorinneadh na cinidheacha annsa doṁan a ndiaigh na díleann, Bedel Gen. x 32 .

(λ) with vb. ` bind': to bind or fix sth. to a thing in motion , as a ship or a chariot. noscengland Cuchulainn Ercoil i ndiáid a charpait leis, FB § 70 . cenglathar err trén tnúthach i nd. erri óencharpait, ib. 71 . ceanglaidhidh an toiléan sin (sc. Éire)...a ndiaigh bhur long, OCT 9.4 .

(μ) idioms: diaid i ndiaid one after another = cách i ndiaid alaili (d, β). Of persons and actions: ré nói ríg déc diaid i ndiaid in continuous succession LL 144 a 48 . amal rachansam cech cert diaid i ndiaid, ib. 143 a 41 . a rígha ┐ a thóisigh diaigh a ndiaigh forin leith sin doréir a ndualgus, ZCP i 372. 24 . tángatur in fían...muin ar ṁuin ┐ druim ar dhruim ┐ d. i nd. da innsaige, Fianaig. 54. 5 . re tri lá d. a nd. for three successive days CCath. 3401 . dá chreich diaigh a ndiaigh la gallaib for muintir Sercacháin RC xviii 292. 15 . rochuir in dá chroich diaid i ndiaid forin marb, LB 231 a 3 . a bhara fa gach aon aca bás dḟulang diaidh i ndhiaidh, TSh. 4.21 . san aois féin lé ngadtar bríogha an chuirp d. i nd. go gcuireann an bás fa ghréim fa dheóigh é, ib. 67. 7 . na ndeighḟer ndiongmála lás ro hernaidhmeadh í diaidh i ndiadh, AFM vi 2048. 15 . baí an tíarla ac dol i ndaoinib d. i nd. gaining more and more people to his side ib. vi 2082. 14 . ib. 2234. 15 . naoi ccéd bliadhain deóigh a ndeóigh, 3 C 13, 558. 1 . ib. 368. 15 .—In sp. l. superseded by diaid ar ndiaid or i nd. ar nd.: do cailleadh iad go léir i ndiaidh ar ndiaidh (or d. i. nd.), W.K. do thuiteadar go léir i nd. ar nd. na gcodladh, Éinín órdha 2. 7 . Syn. cenn i cenn, druim ar druim.

i ndiaidh a chinn, i nd. mo chinn, &c. A modern idiom = headlong : do thuit sé a ndiaidh a chinn, Tor. Dh. Oss. 87 n. 3 . an taos óg aibriosc do theilgean a ndiaidh a gcinn a mbealach a mbasgaidhthe, Donlevy xviii 25 . ag imtheacht i ndiaidh a chinn without thinking, without reflecting, W.K.—dochunnaic ar tús ar dorus ifirn croinntighi ┐ na pecthaid aga píanadh inntu ┐ drem díbh aga crochadh a ndiaidh a coss (hung by their feet) ┐ dream eile a ndiaidh a láṁ ┐ drem ele a ndiaidh a folt ┐ dream a ndiaidh a teangthadh ┐ drem ele [a n]diaidh a raigthidh, Lib. Flav. ii 38 vo b 15 . an tráth dochaithfinn an tsleagh...a ndiaidh a buna (sic leg.) is a hurloinn, Brooke and R. 268. 15 - 16 .

dul i nd. a láime, mod. idiom, to go to the bad Dinneen.

na dhiaidh sin is uile, mod. idiom (also Sc.), all the same: d'imthig sé ródhianach ach na dh. s. i. u. do bhuail an tiasc leis. Also na dheabha san is uile ; cf. Manx na ili, ny yeih nevertheless. Syn. marsin féin.—Cf. e ζ.

B Prep. governing the dative.

(e) fo deud, fo diud ; Mid.-Ir. fo deoid. Mod. : fé dheoig, fé dheoig sin, fé dheo'san (fé dheabha san, see d above), W.K. synon. fé deireadh.—Translates `in fine' Sg. 9 b 21 . quasi sterquilinium in fine perdetur : trascérthar fa deóid amal salchar, PH 6063 .

(α) at last, in the end, ultimately , subsequent to all else in occurrence (but ina diad subsequent to what immediately precedes). Often, as the final link in a series of events, introduced by ar thuus, and continued by iarum, iarsin, iartain, ina diaid, &c. Opp. ar thuus, hi tuus : roét som sochaidi hi tús róslá úad uli fo deoig, Mon. Tall. 135. 18 . ar tús...iartain...fa deo, Laws v 196. 13 . cael dóib ar thús in drochet lethan imurro fo deóid, FA §§ 22 , 23 . co gránna ar tús ┐ álaind fa deoid, RC xxiv 200. 18 . dot ṡroigled for tús...┐ dot chrochad fa deoid, PH 2851 . ar tús...fa deóid, ib. 2142 . MOD. ar dtúis (a dtúis)...fé dheoigh.— ní fuair ní do biud...fo diud acht lubai in talman, SR 1568 . fo diud, ib. 3087 . ructha fo diud...a triur i mBabilóin, Rawl. 46 a . crosfigild iarum fa deud, Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . a cétul uli fa deoid, ib. 140. 29 . is and dothuit fo deoid, Laws ii 124. 15 . is éicean dó in ferann dḟácbáil fo deoid, iii 130. 22 . a ferunn rena braighe a braighe fo deoigh last of all, ii 40. 7 f.b. v 172. 2 f.b. fo deoaid in degbuaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 . a natberi sin fo déoid what you said last TBC-LL¹ 1897 . loinges O. ┐ loinges L. ┐ loinges na hingine Ruaide fa dheoigh, Cog. 40. 16 . ScM. § 12 . silled ┐ comrád iarum tadall na tam iarsin in gním fén (adultery) fa deoid, PH 7809 . nonbéra fa deoid do aittreb na flatha nemda, ib. 5358 . ib. 4297 . 4201 . 1679 . 1916 . 2656 . 6651 . 7221 . toibéchar fair co díchondirclech fa deoid ó Dia, ib. 4113 . an cholann do chur i nuaim úrghránna...do dheanaṁ talṁan dí fa dheóigh, TSh. 32. 28 ; ib. 67. 8 ; 222. 13 . fa dheóigh damnughud síorruidhe, Donlevy 148. 24 . dofuair bás fá dheoidh a gc&rdot;ann na croiche, ib. 32. 24 ; 364. 5 . neaṁaithrighe fá dheoidh final impenitence, one of the sins against the Holy Ghost, ib. 176. 15 ; 180. 3 , 17 .

(β) at last, at length , in a weakened sense, sometimes interchanging with iarsin thereupon . Often hardly distinguishable from (α). rofaillsiged dano fó deóid do Adamnán &c. (v.l. iarsin LB) FA § 3 . fortamlaigid in leoman fo deoid (v.l. andsein) forsin triur aili, RC xxiv 174. 10 . rolen in cullach ┐ dorug air fo deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . iarsin dodechudsa fa deoid cor ṡuides i fiadnaise in dúileman, MacCarthy 68. 12 . Mon. Tall. 153. 22 . CCC § 5 Eg. IT i 100. 19 . nocon ḟuaratar cinaid oc Ísu...fa deoid dodechatar ann dá ghuforglige, PH 3144 .

(γ) for the last time, of order: conid hé sin marb rotaithbeógad fo deoid i nÉirind the last dead man restored to life ZCP iii 36. 1 .

(δ) last, i.e. at the end, in the rear . praeposterans .i. aní ba buthi ar thuus do thochur fo diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . anas suthin immurgu ished rolaad fo deid, Wb. 13 d 9 ... ar thús...isin luc tánaisi...isin tres luc...fáth airic imorro fa deoid is placed last Laws i 26. 10 . mo chland do dul hi cath ┐ hi crích ría cách ┐ do bith fo deóid oc tuidecht essi, Expuls. 48 .

(ε) finally , indicating the last point or conclusion of a discourse, &c. ced ed tra fo deud. amal foruigensid do peccad fognid do fírinni, Wb. 3 b 28 . fá dheóig mo dhear -bhráithreacha bíghídhe láidir sa dTighearna, Ephesians vi 10 .

(ζ) mod. idiom fé dheoidh sin is uile, a strengthened fé dheoidh : bhí sé a bfaid na ṡeasaṁ suas ach thuit sé f. d. s. i. u. but at last he fell, W.K. Synon. fé dheireadh thiar thall. Cf. d μ.

(η) mod. air ndiaidh in what follows, below : na coinghill air a labhramuid air ndiaidh the conditions we are going to speak of Donlevy 332. 14 . isan miontṡaothar so ar nd., ib. x 1 f.b .—diaid ar nd., v. d μ.

(θ) mod. as diaidh : do snaidhmeadh sí le cúigear as diaidh a chéile she was married to five men in succession (W.K.).

III Cpds. dead-blegon o, n. Last milking , opp. cét-b. : a cétblegon i llestar for leith a ṅdeadblegon i llestar naile, RC xxv 28. 3 . LL 271 a 10 . dead-ḟlaith i, m. f. Last prince or ruler (cf. déden-rí): Cleopatra... deogflaith Greg, MacCarthy 302. 19 . deodhḟlaith cheneóil Duacháin, AFM iv 778. 4 . — Cf. ded-ḟlaithus BB 11 b 32 . MacCarthy 292 g . dedól, q.v. air-dead, air-diden, q.v. ? dāl de dālaib dedarbe 'one of the encounters at the final breach' Celtica xxi 201.22 .

MOD. see I k, II a, d, e, ζ, η, θ. Sc. déidh, deóidh, deodh (air dheodh otherwise, else ).

dílse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílse or dil.ie/16453

Forms: dísle, dísle, dílse

n later also dísle , f. (díles) dísle, dílse, f., IGT Decl. § 3 . Abstr. Nouns § 46 . that which is proper to, inherent in, due or belonging to, hence

(a) propriety (i.e. fitness, peculiar applicability, to), passing into notion of appropriation; ownership, possession (of), right over (freq. with obj. gen. and prep. DO of appropriator or owner): asagnintar as nduine . . . intan asmberar uirgilius assagnintar assin doacaldmaiche tre dilsi, Sg. 29a3 . dilse cimbeto a captive's due, Thes. i 484 . cach biad cona dilsi, cona somilsi, cona slāine . . . (sei) eigenes (nicht gestohlen), ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 232 ). fiach . . . cona focal ┐ a dilsi ┐ a dilmaine, Bürgschaft 15 § 51a . athgabāil sēt con-imcloī dilsi (.i. a. gabur imin set ┐ imar claechlo a dilsi . . .) distress from `seds' which have changed ownership, Laws i 246 . frithe fairge . . . a dilse uile d'fir frithe sea-waifs become the property of the finder, v 334 Comm. a dilsi do lucht in feruinn cusa tárlu é (of a sea-waif), i 204 . rucus tuinede la fer n-ecoir . . . [Ba] deithbir ar nī bbuī dīlse na aititiu la fer for n-ecrad right of possession, ZCP xv 346 § 37 ( Rawl. 113b20 ). corosgáid A. im dilsi in maige sin do ┐ moa ainm fair entreated them to give him the right of ownership of that plain, Dinds. 69 . tabair-se dilse mo chríche féin damsa, SG 321 . dobreath . . . saer dilsi Muigi mac nErce do is da cloind co brath, Lec. 270a36 asbert M. nach tuc disli a fearaind acht do C. nama (imdillsi, v.l.), Ériu viii 175 . dorat Écubu lándílsi na hingine dó full possession of the maiden, TTr.² 1891 . dorat a ogdilsi fein cona uile maithius dó, RC xii 332 . baile biataigh do iodhbairt don C. . . . it iad slāna na hoghdhilsi go brath, Cadhla Ua D. etc. , `sureties of that perpetual gift', AFM 1176 . Isell C. do cennac ar dilse do Cormac . . . ó h. Flaithnen was purchased in perpetuity by C. from Ua F., CS 1089 . co dardad dilsi fērgleithe co ceann mbliadna, Laws iv 130 . Almu . . . do lecun do ar dilsi, RC ii 90 ( LU 3198 ). dilsi fogla ┐ airgni cathrach na hE. . . . do tabairt do dona hectrandaib the right to plunder and destroy the cities, CCath. 762 .

Hence with subj. gen. property, right, claim: tanic atuaid . . . do thabairt dilsi Gormlaithe ar ecin ō Lagnib, LL 52b15 . freedom, right over one's own actions, emancipation (?): bean nā fuil ac fir ┐ do nā tucad a dilsi, Laws iii 292. 20 Comm. do-rónsam dílsi chennaig frit: latsu 'na rucais linde 'na rucsam we made an appropriation of exchange (i.e. a transference in perpetuity), thine what thou didst take; ours what we took, PH 3217 . feibh mar fuaras dílse an sgéil, | dobhérad díbse a n-iul the truth of the story, O'Gr. Cat. 540 . tenn do denam dind ni as ten . . . is dechned iar ndilsi sin genuinely (?), RC xx 152 . ní dechned iar ṅdilsi tormach sillaibe, 150 . dotuit i ndilsi: dorochair i ndilsi di conid nomen di pudicitia `it has fallen into propriety to her' (i.e. become her special name), Sg. 29a8 . anni nognathaigheth cāch . . . dorochair i ndilsi do, Hib. Min. 168 . direnar in fer uadaib uile, no do rochrathar uile i ndilsi they have all fallen into the right (of compensation), Laws iv 178.21 .

(b) forfeiture . This meaning arises out of (a) in cases where a transference of property is implied, the ownership being forfeited by one of the contracting parties. The follg. instances from Laws illustrate the transition ( ó being used of party which loses, and DO of that which gains possession): mad ro achtaig cin ar ┐ ro hairedh, is dilsi in air cona ṡīl, Laws iv 132 . biaidh dilsi cacha athgabala do eclais and the possession of (right over) every such distraint goes to the church (i.e. is forfeited to it), v 256 Comm. is dilsi a fiach uad `he forfeits the debt' (lit. `it is forfeiture of his debts'), i 114 Comm. dilsi a gill on thi dobeir a geall his pledge is forfeited (lit. the forfeiture of his pledge) by the man who . . . v 188 . dilsi a fiach ōn fir doghni an acra, 310 Comm. When land is seized unlawfully: cach ní berar do techtugadh a dilsi dfir bunaidh, iii 148 . dilsi n-airme `forfeiture of the stock', iii 148 . d.¤ in ratha, ii 270 . dilsi a cotach frithgnuma on adaltraidh, 366 . mleth díchmairc i mmuiliunn mrugḟir, cóic séoit ┐ dílse mine melar díchmairc, Críth G. 239 . trí diubarta forsná íada d.¤ `on which forfeiture does not close', Triads 149 . lánd.¤ do cach láim la fíachu `full forfeiture for every hand with fines' (? one of the duties of a ruler), Tec. Corm. § 2 . druim risna drochgráduib, dílsi gach acabair renunciation of all desire, ZCP viii 215 . imba ar ndilsi co n-ar claind a mainche duit shall it be forfeiture of ourselves with our children into your service? Anecd. i 41 . nech imrét ech i ndomnach, dílsi a eich his horse is forfeit, Ériu ii 204 . a caīrich do dīlsi hi llomrad glassenguirt na rīgna (judgement of Lugaid m. Con), ZCP viii 311 . Note: ni teiged bem i [n]dilsi na [i] ndilmaine uad in vain, TTebe 2526 .

(c) security, pledge, warrant: tucad Pátraic inna dilsi, RC xxxvi 264 ( Rawl. 86a3 ). cach fiach co dísli, cach disli i láim rātha, ACL iii 227 . cach altrom co d.¤, cach d.¤ co rún, 228 . nói ngrad nimi . . . is iat dilsi lúagi lemmthair | dúani Crimthain `they are the securities of the price vouchsafed for C.'s poem', MS. Mat. 491 = LL 45b35 (or pl. of 2 díles?). dodechaid Osraighe i ndilsi fri Leth Cuinn entered into suretyship for (`allegiance with'), AU 858 . rígh Osraighe do bheith i nd.¤ fri L. C., AFM 857 . dobersa dō . . . ┐ doberar Caelaind Craibtheach fris na dilsi I will give him (land) and C.C. shall be surety to him for it (?), YBL 174b39 . ata C. a ndilsi fris fein ┐ fri a ḟearand, 44 . ceithre báis breithe: a breith i ngó, a breith cen dílse . . . (.i. faoi omhan gan árach), Triads 244 .

(d) loyalty, fidelity , (cf. 1 díles (c) loyal ), common in later lit.: issed is dóennacht, dílsi ┐ diute, tua ┐ trebaire, LL 294a34 . d'fiachaib ar Dh. umhla is dísle do choimhéad do R. to be obedient and faithful to R., Keat. iii 5116 . ni raibhe dísle ag duine d'eis Chumhail d'Fionn, 3 B 14, 39 . ní fríth . . . neach . . . do rinne dísle dhoiséin, 41 . ní chomhall sí d.¤ dhamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 3 . i n-aghaidh mo dh.¤ dhuid | m'faghail is tríbhse tánuig, TD 14.147 . ar derbdilsi a thinōil ┐ ar lān-mēt a maicne on account of the loyalty of his assembly, BB 426bz . iar ttabhairt . . . chánóine Patraig dhóibh im dilsi dhó having pledged their loyalty to him on Canóin P., AFM 1196 . go mbí fearg Dé rinn tré pheacadh an tsinnsir nó go bhfaghthar linn d.¤ , TSh. 4084 . a ró d.¤ ag díon gach ḟir, Content. xxx 2 .

(e) security, safety: da bhfaghadh arthrach fria himluchtadh ┐ dilsi fria dul ┐ fria techt security to come and go (?), Caithr. CC § 61 . geallaidh disle no ionniollus (= securitatem pollicetur), 24 P 22, 142 . dísli Dé fuair ré a uaisle peace of God (?), 3 C 13, 939 . fágbhaidh cnuas d'ísle san ḟiodhbhaidh | nár dhísle thuas d'iomdhaidh éoin that there was no safety above for the bird's resting place (lit. that it was not safety, cf. 22.6 ), TD 29. 120 .

(f) The follg. exx. perh. belong to a different word, cf. IGT Decl. p. 39.8 : gan ingin righ . . . dho lamhachtain druine nā dhilsi nā dheghlāmhda `to work embroidery or to practise charity (?)', Caithr. CC § 3 . co faccadar na tri hingena ac denam a ndruinechais (a ndruine ┐ a ndísle ┐ a ndeghláma, Fr.), Acall. 7321 .

do-gní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-gní or dil.ie/17752
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dogníu, dogni, dogní, dugn, dogniam, dogníith, du-nd-gniid, dogniat, dugníat, denim, nis-denaim, ara-ndeni, déni, n-nad-denam, ndenid, dénat, dogníu, dogním, domgníis, dogní, dogníd, dogníthit, dénaim, ndéin, dogn-, don-, doni, doniam, dénus, dernim, dergenaim, derni, dernat, dernat, dene, da-n-g[n]íid, dénad, do-sn-gniith, dénid, déne, déni, déna, dén, dénad, dénam, dénaid, dénat, dugníth, dugnítis, dognitis, dognínn, dénainn, dognéo, dugneu, dogn, madesgne, dogn, du-n-gné, do-s-gnem, dogneid, dogneith, dogned, dugnet, déne, dena, denae, nad-ndenam, nis-ṅ-denaith, dogner, dogneor, do-neor, donear, dogné, dogéne, dóene, don, dénar, ndiaghnair, ndiaghnum, do-nd-rón, dorón, dorronai, doróna, dorónam, dorónaid, dern, dern, ndern, nderne, derna, ndernam, ndernaid, dernat, d-a-gnenn, dugnén, dognein, dugnitha, dognetha, dogned, dogneth, dugnemmis, dognethe, dugnetis, ndenmis, frisan-dénte, conna-dentis, dendis, tentis, duróininn, duronad, doróntæ, derninn, ndernain, dernad, derṅmis, dernainn, dén-, dern-, dugén, dugene, do-n-genae, dogéna, du-n-genam-ni, do-n-génid, dogénat, digén, digen, digenam, dignem, ndignet, dogén, dian, dogénus, dingén, dingn-, dingnea, dingniam, ndingnair, dergían, dergenat, drónfat, dogenainn, dogenad, dogenmis, digned, digénte, dorigenmais, da-rigente, digéni, degēni, dogéni, dogénsat, dogensatar, dogniset, dognisetar, ndigni, digni, ndénsat, densat, dorigenu(a)s, dorignius, do-m-rignis, do-nd-rigéni, dorigni, dorigénsam, do-d-rigénsid, dorigéensat, dorigénsat, deirgenus, deirgéni, dergéni, ndergini, ndergensat, dernus, dorignius, dorindius, dorinnus, dorigni, dorigne, derigne, dorinne, dorin, dogrinn, dorigénsat, dorigensatar, dorigniset, dorinnsid, dorigéntar, dorinnetar, doringnis, doringne, doringset, do-rig-, dorigsem-ne, dorigset, dergenus, dergene, dergena, deirgeini, ndergensat, rodergenset, dernus, derna, nderna, ndernsat, ndernatar, ndearnadar, ndernaisit, dorónus, do-d-róni, do-s-róna, doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, dorónsat, dorónsatar, dogníther, dogníter, in-déntar, ndéntar, ndénatar, déntar, derntar, dogníthe, ndentae, dogníthe, -a, dognether, dugnetar, ndentar, dénatar, dorontar, dorróntar, derntar, dognethe, dognetis, dente, ṅdenta, dorónta, doróntais, derntá, ndernta, dogentar, dogénatar, dogenaiter, dingentar, dignestar, dogénta, dignesta, dogníth, dugnitha, durónath, dorónad, dorónta, dernad, dorónad, dorónait, dorigned, dorigenadh, dorinded, dorinnead, ndernad, ndernta, dénti, dénta, dénum, do-gní, dogní, dogní, dogní

v (* di-gnī-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 541 ). See ZCP i 350 ff . Indic. pres.— O.Ir. 1 s. dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . 2 s. dogni, 6c16 . 3 s. dogní, 6a8 ; dugn, Ml. 39b2 . 1 pl. dogniam, Wb. 15d9 . 2 pl. dogníith, 9c15 , cf. 25c14 ; amal du-nd-gniid , Ml. 103b13 . 3 pl. dogniat, Wb. 30c14 ; dugníat, 14b17 . 1 s. ní denim , Wb. 12c9 ; nis-denaim, Ml. 75a9 . 2 s. ara-ndeni, 55d21 . 3 s. nad déni , Thes. ii 294.28 , Wb. 31d12 . 1 pl. a n-nad-denam , 16a24 . 2 pl. dia ndenid , 8c11 . 3 pl. ni dénat , 12b20 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dogníu, dogním. ? 2 s. domgníis, BB 350a23 (cf. Dinds. 1 § 14 ). 3 s. dogní; dogníd, Mon. Tall. 128 , 129 . 3 pl. dogníthit, LB 260a59 . 1 s. ní dénaim , etc. 3 s. co ndéin , Maund. 137 . In this, as in other tenses, the stem dogn- is freq. written don-, doni, doniam, etc. 3 s. rel. dénus (for dogní), Fl. Earls 220.2 . With -ro- of possibility. 1 s. ní dernim , RC xxv 24 § 4 , cf. IT iii 47.12 ; ni dergenaim , TBC-LL¹ 4387 . 3 s. nach derni , Ml. 128c3 . 3 pl. ni dernat , Wb. 22d3 ; nad dernat , Tec. Corm. p. 34 .

Ipv. O.Ir.—2 s. na dene , Ml. 55a1 . 3 s. da-n-g[n]íid, Wb. 8d9 . dénad, 28d19 . 2 pl. do-sn-gniith, 24b12 . dénid, 25c17 . Mid.Ir.—2 s. déne; déni, SR 1183 , 5680 , TBC-LL¹ 1495 ; déna; dén. 3 s. dénad. 1 pl. dénam. 2 pl. dénaid. 3 pl. dénat.

Impf. O.Ir.—3 s. dugníth, Ml. 30a3 . 3 pl. dugnítis, 62c13 . dognitis, 22a4 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dognínn ( donin, TBC-LL¹ 3403 ). ní dénainn .

Subj. pres. O.Ir.—1 s. dognéo, Wb. 17c20 , cf. 3d2 ; dugneu, Ml. 23c24 . 2 s. dogn, Wb. 5d39 . 3 s. madesgne, Thes. ii 246.29 (sic leg., ZCP xiv 8 ). dogn, 12c46 . du-n-gné, Ml. 129b1 . 1 pl. do-s-gnem, Wb. 21b9 . 2 pl. dogneid, 5d30 ; dogneith, 12d7 ; dogned, 25d22 . 3 pl. dugnet, Ml. 120c1 , cf. 83b14 . 2 s. mani déne , Wb. 10a17 . 3 s. mani dena , Ml. 35d14 . ceni denae , Mon. Tall. 138.30 . 1 pl. nad-ndenam, 23c6 . 2 pl. nis-ṅ-denaith, Wb. 6b29 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. cia dogner , K. Sächs. Gesell. Ber. xlii 83 . dogneor, Lec. 531a . sul do-neor , TBC-LL¹ 3078 = siu donear , TBC-I¹ 2276 . 3 s. dogné; dogéne, PH 770 . dóene (= dogéne?), Thes. ii 346.35 , 351.41 . don, 300.30 . 1 s. cia dénar , Ériu i 227 . 2 s. cu ndiaghnair , Lib. Flav. i 36ra23 . 1 pl. cu ndiaghnum , 36ra34 . With -ro- 1 s. do-nd-rón, Wb. 5b18 . dorón, ACL iii 298.16 , Fél. Prol. 269 . 2 s. dorronai, Wb. 32a24 . 3 s. doróna, Thes. ii 1.27 , Mon. Tall. 132.28 . 1 pl. dorónam, Metr. Dinds. iii 448 . 2 pl. dorónaid, Fél. Prol. 186 . 1 s. na dern , SR 1583 . ní dern (dernd, MS.), Ériu vi 116 . co ndern , LU 10644 . 2 s. dia nderne , Mon. Tall. 142 . 3 s. arna derna , Wb. 4a5 . 1 pl. co ndernam , Wb. 22a12 . 2 pl. co ndernaid , 13d30 . 3 pl. ar na dernat , BDD § 94 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. d-a-gnenn, Wb. 10d31 ; dugnén, 10c16 ; dognein, 10a27 . 2 s. dugnitha (leg. dognetha), Ml. 103d16 . 3 s. dogned, Wb. 17a13 ; dogneth, Sg. 21b6 . 1 pl. dugnemmis, Wb. 10c21 . 2 pl. dognethe, 9d25 . 3 pl. dugnetis, Ml. 74a1 , cf. 73d1 . 1 pl. dia ndenmis , Sg. 203a6 . 2 pl. frisan-dénte, Wb. 9c24 . 3 pl. conna-dentis, Ml. 124c20 . mani dendis , 75d2 . mani tentis , 35c18 . Forms with -ro-: 1 s. duróininn, Ml. 46b13 (reading doubtful). 3 s. duronad, Wb. 8a4 . 2 pl. doróntæ, 16a23 . 1 s. nach derninn , Wb. 8a5 . co ndernain , PCr. 2a2 . 3 s. na dernad , LU 8155 . 1 pl. arna derṅmis , Sg. 203a6 . Mid.Ir. ní dernainn , etc.

In later lang. the prot. stem dén- is almost entirely replaced by dern- throughout the subjunctive ( IGT Verbs § 1 ).

Fut. 1 s. dugén, Ml. 30b9 . 2 s. dugene, 41b4 . do-n-genae, Wb. 32a25 . 3 s. dogéna, 26a20 . 1 pl. du-n-genam-ni, Ml. 111d3 . 2 pl. do-n-génid, Wb. 17a6 . 3 pl. dogénat, 13a13 . 1 s. in digén , Wb. 9d4 ; ni digen , Ml. 69a21 . 1 pl. ni digenam , Ml. 30c9 . ni dignem , Wb. 17b9 . 3 pl. nad ndignet , Ml. 56b15 . Mid.Ir. dogén (dodén) etc.; ní dian , Lib. Flav. i 17rb24 . 3 s. rel. dogénus, SG 290.13 . ni digén (ní digeón, TBC-I¹ 1647 ). ni dingén , FB § 31 . Most usually with stem dingn-: 3 s. ní dingnea . 1 pl. nocho dingniam , FB § 6 . 2 s. dep. co ndingnair (fut. for subj.), ZCP vi 64.26 . Forms with -ro- are rare:? 3 s. ni dergían , TBC-LL¹ 2808 ; 3 pl. ni dergenat , Ml. 80a9 . Cf. 3 pl. drónfat (= dorónfat), BColm. 50 . Condit. 1 s. dogenainn, TBC-I¹ 2874 . 3 s. dogenad, Wb. 26a12 . 1 pl. dogenmis, Sg. 203a6 . 3 s. ni digned , Ml. 14b4 . 2 pl. nicon digénte , Wb. 9d9 . With -ro-: 1 pl. dorigenmais, TBC-I¹ 177 (LU). 2 pl. da-rigente, Wb. 13b3 ; 11d5 .

Pret. 3 s. digéni, Thes. ii 239 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). degēni, RC xxv 344 (see ZCP xiv 8 ). dogéni, Sg. 185b4 , TBC-I¹ 1732 LU (= dogena, YBL). 3 pl. dogénsat, Trip.² 1380 . dogensatar, Rawl. 142a55 . dogniset, Hugh Roe 102 . dognisetar, ZCP viii 544 . 3 s. nad ndigni , Ml. 23b10 . na digni , SR 6146 . 3 pl. co ndénsat , FB § 77 . ni densat , SG 234.14 . Pret. forms (i.e. without -ro-) seem confined chiefly to 3 s. and pl. and become rare in Mid.Ir.

Perf. 1 s. dorigenu(a)s, Ml. 2a6 . dorignius, Wb. 24b12 , cf. Ml. 23c27 , Fél. Ep. 111 , TBC-I¹ 937 (LU). 2 s. do-m-rignis, Wb. 4c27 ; Fél. Ep. 506 . 3 s. do-nd-rigéni, Wb. 6d2 , cf. 11a30 , Ml. 54a4 ; dorigni, Wb. 4c32 . 1 pl. dorigénsam, 14b26 . 2 pl. do-d-rigénsid, 20d3 , cf. 33d5 . 3 pl. dorigéensat, 5a24 ; dorigénsat, 7d10 . 1 s. nad deirgenus , Wb. 24a14 . 3 s. nad deirgéni , 13b17 . ni dergéni , Ml. 114b12 . nad ndergini , 23c15 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , Sg. 187b6 . 1 s. ni dernus , Ml. 39a11 . In Mid.Ir. and later lang. 1 s. dorignius, etc., cf. Auraic. 651 ; dorindius, Imr. Brain i 65.25 ; dorinnus, CF 98 . 3 s. dorigni, dorigne ( derigne, Hib. Min. 276 ), dorinne, dorin (late). dogrinn, ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.) (see Celtica xiii 25 ). 3 pl. dorigénsat, dorigensatar, SR 5929 ; dorigniset, TBC-LL¹ 2249 ; dorinnsid, SR 3616 , dorigéntar, 6052 ; dorinnetar, -edar (late). Stem do-ring-: 2 s. doringnis, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . 3 s. doringne; cf. 3 pl. doringset, LL 354e5 , Metr. Dinds. iii 16 . Stem do-rig-: dorigsem-ne, Rawl. 142b5 ; dorigset, SR 3533 , 3660 , 3957 , etc. 1 s. ni dergenus , Leb. Gab.(i) 30.2 . 3 s. nochon dergene , TBC-I¹ 2067 . nocho dergena , TBC-LL¹ 2982 . ní deirgeini , AFM vi 2120 , 2142 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , AFM 960 . rodergenset, RC xvi 156 . More usually 1 s. ní dernus , 3 s. ni derna , co nderna , 3 pl. co ndernsat , co ndernatar (go ndearnadar ). co ndernaisit , AU 1101 . Further 1 s. dorónus, etc. 3 s. do-d-róni, BDD § 26 ; do-s-róna, SR 295 ; doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, Trip.² 1038 . 3 pl. dorónsat, BDD 134 , 168 . dorónsatar, MR 142.1 .

Passive. Pres. s. dogníther, Wb. 10c11 . pl. dogníter, Sg. 35b13 . in-déntar, PCr. 66a1 ( Thes. ii 230 ); ara ndéntar , Wb. 2a10 ; pl. lassa ndénatar , Ml. 84a11 .

Ipv. déntar; (with -ro-) derntar, Ériu ii 200 .

Impf. s. dogníthe, Wb. 15a18 . i ndentae , Ml. 24d9 . Mid.Ir. dogníthe, -a.

Subj. pres. s. dognether, Wb. 29a21 ; pl. dugnetar, Ml. 112d8 . ara ndentar , Ml. 30d13 ; pl. mani dénatar , Wb. 8a11 . (With -ro-) dorontar, Mon. Tall. 146.31 . dorróntar, Wb. 13d21 . arna derntar , Ml. 93a1 . Impf. s. dognethe, Wb. 9c20 ; pl. síu dognetis , SR 7853 . s. mani dente , Ml. 29a6 ; co ṅdenta , Sg. 9b2 . dorónta, 65a1 ; pl. doróntais (?), Corm. Y 324 . na derntá , TBC-LL¹ 5758 ; co ndernta (usual prot. form in Mid. Ir.).

Fut. s. dogentar, Wb. 4d1 ; pl. dogénatar, Fél. Ep. 176 ; dogenaiter, LU 4256 . Mid.Ir. ní dingentar ; ní dignestar , MacCongl. 35.11 . Condit. s. dogénta, TE 9 (Eg.). na dignesta , MacCongl. 45.15 .

Pret. dogníth (Mid.Ir.); pl. dugnitha, Ml. 73a19 . Perf. ced durónath , Wb. 33a15 ; dorónad, 15a33 , BDD § 133 . pl. dorónta, Sg. 216a1 , Fél. Prol. 239 . lasan dernad , Thes. ii 289.5 . In later lang. dorónad (Keat.), dorónait; dorigned, BDD § 133 ; dorigenadh, Corm. Y 685 ; dorinded, dorinnead. co ndernad ; co ndernta .

Vbl. of necess. dénti, Wb. 12d41 . Part. dénta. Vn. dénum. IGT Verbs § 1 .

The meanings of do-gní fall under two main heads, does (I) , and makes (II) . As both these senses are often implicit in the Irish, the classification given below is to some extent artificial. Examples in which the notion of activity seems predominant are referred to I, those in which that of formation is uppermost to II; but often only the context can decide to which head an instance belongs, e.g. dogní comairle takes counsel (I) , or forms a plan (II) ; dogní dliged administers justice (I) or makes (promulgates) a law (II) .

I

(a) does , implying action in the widest sense: a ndugniat ar magistir, is ferr dún a dénum, Wb. 14b17 . a nāt denat ar magistir, ni dignem-ni, 15d6 . cach óin dodgéna samlaid whosoever shall do thus, Thes. ii 235 . níb ar adbchlos do dóinib, ba ar Dia gacha ndene let all thou doest be (done) for God, Ériu ii 172 . 'n-a forcongrai do cach aen, co ndosróna fodhein what thou ordainest for others, do thyself, ACL iii 316 , cf. LB 261a30 . cid dogní-siu sund, a gillai?, TBC-LL¹ 1401 . cid dogén mana fagar . . . iat?, ZCP viii 113 . ronertat nád dernat they strive after what they cannot do, Tec. Corm. p. 34 . ní fil ní bad toil ria cóemchéle na dingned, LU 3912 ( SCC § 42 ). cid ed ón dorigenmais-ni we could have done even that, TBC-I¹ 177 LU (glossed .i. rofetfaimmais a denom). damad messe Finnachta . . . nocho dingenaind 'na nderna, LL 307b19 . a n-atchondcamár dorigénsam, LU 1780 = RC ix 486 . ma dorontar ón if it can be managed, Mon. Tall. 146 . ni derntar isin cath ni nad fesur uaid let nothing be done . . . without my learning it from you, TBC-I¹ 3527 . Often in response to a command: guidh in Coimdhi[dh] lem . . . Dagēntar, ZCP iii 33 . With DE, FRI, DO of pers. or thing, does with (to): ised dognith de was done with him, IT i 142 . ní fhetar . . . cid dernad de, TBFr. 295 . an ro chara, dagné dímsa, 303 . cid má ndénai-siu damsa sain? TBC-LL¹ 218 . cid dogenam friu-so[m]?, Hy. ii 10 Comm. ( Thes. ii 311 ). cid dogéin (leg. dogén) frit chorp coemdil? what shall I do with thy body? SR 2050 . cid dogéntar friu?, TBC-I¹ 173 (LU). In neg. phrases with acht and cen: asbert ni digned acht sid, BB 193b24 . drong nach déin acht droichdhíol fiach, TSh. 4650 . aderaid . . . na denaid na leagha acht biadh do bacail don othar that physicians do nothing but prevent the sick from eating, 23 P 10, 152vb36 . is demin nach dingin-sea gan in comrac-sa do denam that I shall not refrain from fighting, Aen. 2931 . ní dingnuind-si ar ilimud maithesa gan dul ann, ZCP vi 72 . In passive often happens, takes place: in talamscugud dognither and, CCath. 1015 . amhail dorónta cidh iarttain, Hugh Roe 256 . doridned . . . co n-edbrad Cain māine (= factum est ut offerret C., Gen. iv 3 ), Lec. 530b38 . doridned laitheada Adaim iar tusmed Seth do .i. ocht cét bliadan (= facti sunt dies Adam . . . octingenti anni, Gen. v 4 ), 531b49 . cf. 532a1 , 27 , 32 , 43 , in all of which the pass. of dogní is an artificial translation of Lat. fieri.

(b) Used to avoid repetition of another vb., like Eng. do (see Celtica i 318 ): — báidhter ón, ar Mac an D. — Ni dingnum itir, ol M., Imr. Brain i 64 . — imrem fithchill. — Ni dernus riam, ar C., Ériu v 30 . do slechtadar . . . damsa ┐ doghenaid duitsi mar sin, CF 215 . dia hingreim doridhisi amail dorighni fecht n-aill, BS 122 . rocomroic Ioib riasi . . . amal danid re hIunaind, TTebe 782 . sechain toil na drúisi amail dodhenta tiagarna fuar as you would (shun) an unfeeling master, Ériu v 138 . smachtaigh do ben amail dodhenta do mac, 114 . damad maith lat a losccadh, dogéntae, Moling 42 .

(c) fulfils, executes, carries out (a wish, command, etc.): dénaid mo réir-se, FB § 16 . dén reir do mathar is t'athar, ZCP vi 272 . in airet donet mu reir, Lism. L. 3522 . ní dingna réir do lethéid he will not obey the like of thee, Fianaig. 74 . co ndernur do reir, Ériu iii 14 . is noeb cach oen dugní toil ind ríg, Thes. ii 294 (SP iv). is lestar fás . . . nad déni thoil ind ríg, ib. doní toil a menman ria, Imr. Brain i 65 . ní dingnum do comairle we will not take your advice, IT ii2 134 . da ndernair-se mo comhairle-si, Ériu v 98 . dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do-gneithi ann if my advice were followed, Leb. Gab.(i) 252 . nephetarcna inna timnae ndiade ata deinti that are to be carried out, Ml. 58a20 . Cf. further: dorinde C.C. an t-abur docum ar cruthaigh Dia é accomplished the purpose for which God created him, BCC § 376 .

(d) Freq. with object either directly expressing or implying activity of some kind.

(i) With an accus. of kindred meaning: is gnim anecni dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . dorinnsid gnim n-imamnas, SR 3616 . truag lim-sa in gnim dognither isin maidin-sea, TBC-I¹ 2314 . co ndernsat gníma móra, IT i 76 . dorigéni gnímrada gaile forro, TBC-LL¹ 1967 (dorinde, St.). ní dern (dernd, derd, MSS.) sáithar cen ḟochraic may I do no work without reward, Ériu vi 116 . ar nā dendáis gním no mugsaine isin domnaig, Ériu ii 200 . in muid dungní cach oen láu of the work he does every day, Thes. ii 294 (SP ii). síu donear mo mudu | i fiadhnaisi int sluaig, TBC-I¹ 2276 = TBC-LL¹ 3078 . amail dogéntais in mbeirt, Ériu iv 110 . ní dénat firtu they do not work miracles, Wb. 12b20 . dogníth mór fertae he wrought many miracles, Hy. ii 33 . a ndorigne do ḟertaib, v 67 . cumbad for Martain dogneth Dia in mirbuil-sin, RC ii 388 = Lat. Lives 89 . ni dernad ┐ ní dingentar mirbuil bud mō, Todd Lect. vi 71 . in torand-chless dogní-siu, TBC-LL¹ 1756 . a cleas dorigniusa fiada the feat I have performed before him, TBC-I¹ 1270 . it e dorigensat ind abairt sin, 1425 (LU). cid mór do chomramaib gaili ┐ gaiscid dogné nech, 1862 . ni fo cian . . . co nderna-som béit n-aile, 486 . ni dernnsat ban-echta ban, MR 212 .

(ii) With an abstract subst. as obj., to express a moral action or a feeling: ainmne do dénam to exercise patience, Ériu i 196 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime, ACL iii 295 . na dene ainmnit show not patience, Ml. 55a1 . amarus dogní forom-sa he suspects me, SG 80 . dia mbad athirge dognéth Adam if A. repented, SR 1409 . ac Rígh corpgil doron athirge dim phecthaib may I be penitent, ACL iii 298 . co ndernur aithrigi is fedbdacht, 243 . digal ind ancridi dogní nech frit, Sg. 181a6 . dentar anlecht let-sa fri hA., TE 8 (Eg.). adubairt . . . co nderrna si brég ara gelladh, ZCP vi 277 . conadh becc mbuada nó mbuadhnaisi badh denta do Poimp de P. had little reason to exalt, CCath. 5096 . dognidh buidechus mor, 6000 . dénaid chalma be valiant, LL 225a23 ( TTr. 581 ). cein dogeni calma, TBC-I¹ 1267 . is í tra celg dosgní Guaire, SG 64 . in ceasacht do[g]niad na mná the niggardliness which women practise, Ériu v 24 . ní dhénadh cert nā dligedh uime would not do right or justice, TTebe 832 . dēni (déne, LU) cōir ngaiscid frim give me fair play, TBC-I¹ 1288 . masa chonnalbai dogni, 234 . do-nídís crábhadh, TSh. 8928 . dogni mo chumtabairt thou art doubtful of me, SR 2888 . is coir dáibh-si . . . deghmenma do denamh to be of good courage, CCath. 1692 . co ndenad deirc móir dend airliud used to perform great charity, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 332 ). maircc doní díomas as ór who is proud of gold, KMMisc. 364 . gan a dhiomdha do dénomh without grudging, ZCP viii 221 . co n[d]ingen-sa díth ┐ dochar duit, vi 49 . dogní dormuine, SG 373 . adrubairt A. riu gen drochciall do denam not to act foolishly, TTebe 416 . cid ben dognē drūis, KMMisc. 272 . rium-sa na déna duilghe be not harsh to me, BS 88 . mór d'eniuch dorigne much hospitality did he exercise, ZCP viii 272 . fer . . . na derna espa riam, YBL 164a5 . a fhir doghni an t'éad who art jealous, O'Gr. Cat. 604 . cid fáilte . . . dungneu `though it be joy I . . . make' (feel?), Ml. 92a17 . déni fatchius be on thy guard, TBC-LL¹ 1495 , cf. 1419 . ferg fri suide ní dernaim I cannot get angry with it, IT iii 47 . ni denad fearg fri nech, YBL 155b47 . nar cóir dó ferg do denamh re F., BCC § 160 . ni dū d'fir an fiabrais fearg do denam a fever patient should not get angry, 23 P 10, 153vb23 . a ben, ní dēn fingail fort, SR 1539 . go ndiongnadh fírinne might speak truth, Keat. ii 3667 . nach iad na mairtirigh amháin dorinde an foidhidi-so who displayed this patience, BCC § 7 . an tí doni foighinne 'n-a bochtaine who is patient in his poverty, Ériu v 130 . ná dern féin forcraid lest I be guilty of excess, SR 1583 . an gairdechus dorinne, Fier. 179 . denaidh gliccus deal cunningly, 189 . doní da gaib gus achieves valour with his spears, Imr. Brain ii 288 . dénatt idna let them practise purity, BColm. 98 . ni denta iongnadh dom faicsin-si andso let no one wonder, ZCP x 285 . doním iongantas I am surprised, Keat. iii 5485 . má día bfaghainn-se bás de, | dá fhios ní dingninn leisce, SG 64 . dogním less na n-anm[ann]a, SR 1196 . an té doní les a cheli, assé a les fene doni, BCC § 202 . cia . . . ná digni m'amles, SR 6146 . ni dhernus-sa th'aimhlessa I have done you no hurt, BS 146 . truid . . . .i. on luas doni from its speed, Corm. Y 1236 . doriṅgnis maith reme sut ┐ dogéna 'n-a diaid, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . níchon dergeni nach maith, TBC-I¹ 2067 . nā hindis fein maith da ndingne do not tell any of the good you do, ZCP vi 272 . co ná dernad orm mebal, SG 57 . doghníd méirdreachus, craos ┐ droichbhearta eile, Eochairsg. 10 . meisge do dhenamh, Luc. Fid. 118 . denaidh míne ris deal gently with him, RC xxix 122 . nert ni dernim strength I cannot exercise, xxv 24 . aindre áille uchtgheala, | ettorra doniodh a óighe he kept his virginity, ZCP i 64 . do neoch na dene olcc nach annrecht friu, Laws iv 176 . co brath nocha dingned olcc, Ériu v 26 . cach olc donithea fri hUltu, ZCP v 504 . ni fuil olc nar dernsamar riu, TBC-LL¹ 5697 . dogniat cach pecad, Wb. 30c14 . da mionca doghnídh duine peacadh marbhthach, Eochairsg. 12 . an tí nach denand peccadh, BCC § 182 . denam pennait buan, SR 1573 . atibset in linn . . . ┐ ni dernai pudar doib did them no harm, Hy. iv Pref. ( Thes. ii 323 ). mór an pudhar do ronsaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 . dogné sáiri na sruithe, Ériu i 198 . dogniat subachas ┐ somenma, SG 346 . ma dogné tarba if you make use (of it), Ériu v 116 . na dena tnuth re duine envy not, 126 . doróine trocaire riu, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . cad é an fáth as a ndéanfá-sa trom ar mhnaoi that you should be so hard on (another) woman, O'Gr. Cat. 620 . trom oirne níor déanta dhuibh, Ó Bruad. ii 134 . tuirsi oca cia donéo though I grieve thereat, Ériu vii 240 . cach úabar dogensat all the pride they have been guilty of, Ériu i 201 . int aenmacc ríg is mó dorinne d'uaisli ┐ d'agh ┐ d'orbert, ZCP viii 111 . uamun brátha . . . cia dogneimmis ba cooir 'twere right for us to be in fear of Doom, SR 8052 .

(iii) Esp. with a vn. or equivalent, as periphrasis for finite tense of vb. (see Celtica i 318 ): denaid anmain stay , KMMisc. 313 . doroine Rónan altugadh buidhe do Dia, BS 176 . intan ba hāin phuill dognitis, TBC-I¹ 496 . tugas fom bréithir . . . nach diongnainn ár that I would do no slaughter, ML 114 . is leis dorignead cet-ar ┐ cet-buain ar tus he was the first to plough and reap, Lec. 66b5 . an beannachadh dorigne Bóas ar a mheithil, Eochairsg. 41 (cf. do-beir bennachtain for . . .). an duine doni moran cainnti who talks much, Ériu v 130 . denam cennach let us make a bargain, BS 88 . co ndénsat cennach fris, FB § 77 . in codlud doniat na fir, Aen. 2069 . d'éis an chodalta-sa dorinnus, CF 98 . go ndéana mé suan beag codhlata till I take a nap, 144 Eg. in comerge dorigni in phéist, FB § 85 . dorinne coimerghi romuinn he rose up, Fianaig. 58 . ni deinim comnaidhe i n-áon áit I do not abide, BS 177 . go ndingnadh oirissemh ┐ comhnaighe issin gcathraigh, Fl. Earls 142 . doberim dom bréthir . . . nach dingnum comól that we shall never drink together, Fianaig. 78 . déna creidemh gan mhirún believe , Duan. F. i 74 . cumann cleithe nocha ndernus I have had no secret amour, Ériu i 20 . gé dognéi-si dioghal dhe, BS 150 . doní faisnéis, Triads 141 gl. (p. 39) . dogen fireolas duit I will guide thee, CF 26 . ná dén escar do not fall, O'Gr. Cat. 662 . dorinde doib faistine, BB 21a17 . in fégadh doróine Diarmaid darsan bhféice on D.'s looking across the ridge-pole, SG. 72 . do dheanamh foghlamtha to get training, RC xxix 110 . co nderna an ríghan a fáisidin till the queen make her confession, Imr. Brain i 65 . forcetol ba menciu dogníd Petar, FA 32 (LU). doronsat frithaire, Todd Nenn. 82 . doní Lassair araile gaitt irisech commits a certain pious theft, BColm. 84 . dognither guin galann d'Ailill a wound is inflicted on A., RC xxiv 186 . ní dergenaimse icc andso I cannot effect a cure, TBC-LL¹ 4387 . an tí nach deanann idhbuirt dona deibh, RC xxxiv 322 . dorinneadar imram they rowed, CF 32 . doronsad iomrámh, ML 44 . déna imthecht depart , SG 60 . déna ingeilt ois practise pasturage, KMMisc. 262 . an lucht doní ingreim don phobul who attack, RC xxxiv 308 . maoladh do dhenam to become bald, 3 C 19, 53 rb 1 . dodéna an mesrugud he will do judgement, ZCP viii 211 . cia dognéo móidim, Wb. 17c20 . isund dognither int ongath here the anointing is done, Thes. ii 251 . precept doroine S. abb Roma, FA 32 (Eg.). ronnaire .i. ronnad doni don biud, Corm. Y 1124 . slond gnimo dogni indidit the indicative conveys the signification of the action, Sg. 153a3 . dorinneadar sealbh dár mbuinne sriobhmall took possession of, 3 C 13, 897.13 . is me dorigni in seilgc séig who hunted the deer, SR 2869 . dorónsat selgad, SG 328 . doronsad sealga, RC xxiv 196 . ni derna riamh thochus he never scratched himself, Mart. Don. Oct. 21 . dénum ar sibal let us pursue our course, Hy Fiach. 218 . is écoir an smuaineagh (leg. -eadh) dorindius I was mistaken in my thought, Imr. Brain i 65 . doni se snam ar in olaid it floats on oil, 24 B 3, 94.24 . rón i. animal, on roṡnam doni, Corm. Y 1115 . tecmáil rim ge dorinde though he encountered me, Ériu iv 216 . dentar teichedh linn let us flee, BS 104 .

With obj. gen.: huare nach derni a adamrugad he cannot (express) admiration of him, Ml. 128c3 . dobretha M. filid ara chend, co nderntais a aerad ┐ a aithised that they might satirize and revile him, TBC-I¹ 2213 . ascnam ind ecna . . . dognitis, Alex. 807 , cf. Anecd. v i . is Patraic dorigne a mbaitsed P. baptized them, Hy. ii 16 Comm. ( Thes. ii 313 ). doníat a berbhudh ┐ a thomailt they cook and eat it, Marco P. 152 . doni bisec a dhorchadais increases , Ir. Astr. Tr. 90 . caemc[h]ód bachall dorónsatt they exchanged croziers, BColm. 84 . déni mo chobair, RC viii 152 . asbertatar fri Coinculaind dognithi (dognithe, LU) a chuitbed isin dunad that he was being mocked, TBC-I¹ 1639 . dermad na luirighi-sin dorondad, oir ni thuc leis o Ailich that corslet was forgotten, YBL 209a28 . dorag-sa co nderna-su mo dichendad, TBC-I¹ 1299 . dorigni in diliu a ndilgenn, SR 2724 . ní dénad écnach neich, Hy. v 5 Comm. ( Thes. ii 327 ). darónais a n-etargaire, LL 120b43 . dogéan-sa a ḟaillsiugad don rig I will reveal it, Todd Nenn. 96 . dena fothrucud, SR 1598 . ni dernai glanadh a gnúsi nó tonach a lāmh, CCath. 1170 . a gerrad dorindead a broind a mathar he was excised, Ériu ii 176 . trénfir dodigenat m'íarmoracht who will follow on my track, LU 10261 . dūs in foigebtais . . . nech doneth (sic leg.) a n-imditin anyone to protect them, SR 5564 . dena a impodh turn it, Moling 47 . doni mo ghnuis incosg mo chineoil my face proclaims my race, RC xxxiv 312 . mad indscuchud donead lucht na saith if . . . have gone away, Laws iv 174 Comm. dentar irgnam bid ┐ lenna, CRR 23 . dogentar liumm do leigheas, TE 10 (Eg.). dorinne a marcaighecht he rode it, Ériu v 190 . dognít a n-oegidecht la fer n-amra they stay with, LL 281a40 . atbertsat . . . na dingnetís a n-oirfited would not entertain them, PH 895 . doronad a n-orddugud, SR 82 . na léic uait in dana bocht | nó co nderna anocht a riar till thou have attended to his wants, SG 20 . dorinne M. ár seachna has abandoned us, ML 118 . rí dorigni scail int sluaig who scattered the host, SR 2769 . dén-sa do slondadh dhamh-sa tell your name, BS 102 . ronsnādat .i. donet ar sóerad, Hy. v 92 Comm. ( Thes. ii 348 ). dēca in ba teclaim na fertus dogena fá [a] n-imscothad whether you are to select the shafts or strip them, TBC-I¹ 782 . dena mo theagosc instruct me, ACL iii 241 . dena mo thinchosc, SR 1581 . dorigni tochmarc inna ecailse do Chríst he had wooed the Church, Tur. 48 . cibe uair dogentai tochmharc a hingine, Ériu iii 168 , cf. TE 9 (Eg.). dentar trial mo berthasa let an essay be made to tonsure me, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). ní fail doruirme .i. doné a thurim, v 67 Comm. ( Thes. ii 344 ). Note also: do[g]ním-se . . . bheth ag denamh mo chloise (leg. chless?) ngoile, RC xxix 114 .

(iv) With nouns indicating sounds: crandord dogníd cacha nóna he used to bellow (of a bull), TBC-LL¹ 1538 . da nderna fogur . . . le n-a fiacla (of a sick person), 23 P 10, 3b42 . a dhoimh do[g]ni an fogharán that lowest, BS 80 . dorinneadar na cineadhacha fuaim, Psalms xlvi 6 . cad fá ndernais in gáire sin? why did you laugh? SG 239 . dorinne int aitheach geanus grainemhail gāire, Ériu v 180 . doronsat guba mor, Metr. Dinds. iii 483 . an úall-so doghniad na sluaig, Ériu i 103 .

(v) With bás or similar subst.: ni diṅgnea bás doibsiut acht intí dogéna bás dam-sa no man shall kill them unless he kills me first, TBC-LL¹ 432 . taiscter lib in cloidem so, | arm dá ndingantar ernmas, SG 252 . co rodergensat a aided killed him, RC xvi 156 ( Dinds. 144 ). co ndergenai a haided 'sin loch út she perished in that lake, SG ii 468 . déanam éag (= moriamur), TSh. 2371 .

(vi) With ceist discusses (an argument), pleads (a cause): ná derntar isin domnach ceist ná caingen, Ériu ii 200 . isi cet-ceist ┐ cet-imcomarc dorigm diabul isin domum, BB 16b45 . is ann doníatt gach ceistt cruaidh ┐ cach documal comairle, Maund. 21 .

With comairle takes counsel, holds a council: co ndernadh comairle ag maithib Dhál A. cia dorachadh, etc., BS 50 . g u ndernadh Aengus in ri | rena chairdib comhairli, BB 30b28 . ni mhaidh for Laigniu da ndearnat a comairle ann (sc. in a certain spot), RC xxiv 50 . Cf. (c) supra and II (d).

(vii) With cath or similar subst.: doronsad cath fearrdha they fought, ML 18 . ni digéon-sa comrac fris, TBC-I¹ 1647 ; 1304 , 2439 . coná dernum deibech, 2671 . dognítis forbais . . . ar oirrighaibh Erenn, SG 36 . nocho dentais gleic, LL 142b24 . dorinnetar gleó fíchda, Fianaig. 90 . dorinneadar an irghail co hingantach, CF 883 . dorín Brian . . . sluagh Mumhan made a hosting of Munster, O'Gr. Cat. 521 .

(viii) With subst. denoting agreement, compact, etc. (rather to be referred to this head than to II, such a subst. being regarded in Irish as a quasi-vn.): doronsat aentaig re Cruithnib, Todd Nenn. 42 . dogénsat bráthirse frisna túatha made an alliance with, ZCP viii 315 . dorondad brathairse iter firu Erind ┐ Alban, YBL 126b13 . dogeni cairdes fri suidiu, TBC-I¹ 2967 . rofrecart-sidhe . . . in dingne[d?] cairdes dosidhe would she grant him a truce, Anecd. ii 51 . dia ndernam caratrad, Imr. Brain i 43 . dogniat cōrai make peace, TBC-I¹ 1426 . denamm cotach is cardes, SR 1150 . na dénaid friu . . . cuibdi, cardes no clemnas, 4843 . doróine a chatach fria naomu Arann, SG 40 . digensat essomon, Anecd. iii 60 . dorigensatar síd, SR 5929 . mina dēnair sidh ris . . . dodhēn cogudh rit-sa, ZCP vi 49 . ní denta lá sída céin ba beo never a day's peace was made (with them), SG 49 . daróine ar síth . . . gan díth óige donn' inghin he wrought peace between us, ZCP viii 562 .

(ix) With nouns indicating respect, favour, etc.: dorinnidar gloire do Críst gave glory to, Lib. Flav. i 2ra2 . Ri dorigne . . . humalloit dia apstalaib, SR 7697 . fiadhaighis riasna clerchib ┐ dorona umhaloid doib, Hy Fiach. 38 . dorinne umhla dhó, Ériu i 93 . i n-ainm an aird mhic doghní grása, O'Gr. Cat. 545 . dorigne grása ar an duine uasal showed favour to, Eochairsg. 113 .

(x) With cáin, etc. = dobeir c. (for) levies: bid fáid . . . dingenai (dogenai, v.l.) soerc[h]ain for slabri, ZCP ix 453 . co nderna rí Locha L. cáin for cach tūeth, viii 316 . dorinneamarne seacht gcéad loiligheach ar mhuinntir F. we assessed . . . at seven hundred milch-cows, Maguires of F. § 78 .

(xi) Of a calling, art, etc., practises, plies, performs: ba hesnad ainm in chiuil dignitis na fianae, Corm. Y 562 . do[g]nídh Neiptis . . . cúiseach bind, Ériu iv 174 . is álaind, a macáin, in cluichi dogní, Ériu i 118 . oés dogní dán artists, Triads p. ix . dénaidh bhar nd(h)ána perform vour arts, Ériu iv 178 . dogénadsa elada, SG 274 . doronsat na hingena éladna inganta, PH 897 . etar fileda ┐ áis ndénma sairse artists, SG 212a11 .

(xii) holds, celebrates (a festival, etc.), observes, performs (a rite): feis Temrach gach tres bliadain . . . dognithi in tan sin go tenn | ag rígaib amra Eirenn, O'Gr. Cat. 578 . is leis dorónad feis Temrach ar tús, ZCP viii 325 . is amlaid dognithe in tarbfes, LU 3450 ( SCC § 23 ). oenach dogníthe la Ultu cacha bliadna, 3222 (§ 1). aenach Taillten do denom la rí[g] Erenn, RC xviii 275 . co ndernad mor-thinol clerech nEorpa co Torinis, Todd Nenn. 188 . dogníed mórdál Dromae Ceta la rígaib Éirenn, BColm. 54 . co ndéntais a n-airechta saidbre sédacha, Ériu iv 163 . mairg fearu Eirenn na denann feil Patraic, Lib. Flav. i 25rb38 . na hIudhail, as é lá doníd an féil, O'Gr. Cat. 309 . doní secht n-aifrinn ann, BColm. 82 . dogníat ord in domnaig etir salmu ┐ precept, Imr. Brain ii 285 . is cóir degurd do denam ann indiu to perform the proper service, Ériu i 44 . is lais dogníad urddu téchtai (of monks), 219 . acht co nderna se a trātha provided he observe the canonical hours, ACL iii 222 . is ann dogen mo trátha-sa, RC xiii 98 . antan dogni-som figild performs a vigil, Mon. Tall. 128 . ceni denae crosfigill, 138 . dogníd-som immon Michil lasin crosfigill he performs (recites) a hymn to Michael, 137 . l(o)nd sailm aurnaigi déulái . . . .i curp lai dusgnid-som the evening psalms of prayer he performs in the middle of the day, 129 . déna soiscél dúind read a gospel lesson to us, Imr. Brain 164 . as innte dorónsat an Chaissc celebrated Easter, AFM 1201 (iii 130) .

(xiii) Miscellaneous exx. in which there is either transference of obj. or extension of the meaning of the vb.: int shūil dogen-sa fris the look I will give him, TBC-I¹ 705 . dolotar na daimh fon dithreb . . . ┐ doronsat a[l]-lá ria n-aidhche did their day's ploughing, BNnÉ 39.13 . dorigset sét . . . do Ramissa journeyed , SR 3957 ; 4073 . donim slighi . . . ga n-iaraidh sin, Lib. Flav. i 21rb17 . fios na slighe[dh] dorinne Cúchullainn the road C. took, RC xxix 116 . do chaora dhuit . . . do[g]nim do bhreith breitheman I award thee thy sheep, ZCP xii 382 . doníd-sium a daithin gach n-oidci eats his fill, ZCP i 103 . cid indhí nad caodet (= chaithet) feoil dogres, dogniad pars isind Chaisc de feoil take a piece of meat, Mon. Tall. 132 . dochum na chuchdin dóib co ndenad cách díob and pars de feoil, ib. ní derna sé a shuipér farusan did not eat his supper with them, BNnÉ 114 . go ndernsat a medhon laoi took their midday meal, Fl. Earls 28 . doni na briathra-sa utters , Lec. 611a27 . doronsad . . . cainbriathra do righ Érenn, KMMisc. 313 . ised dorígne Alaxandir i n-a eipistil comdar casa . . . iat A. said in his letter that . . ., Alex. 719 . cid fogním cid fochésad dorróntar in hoc uerbo one can express oneself both in the active and the passive, Wb. 13d21 . an branar gan déanamh that the fallow-land was not upturned, PCT 1826 . mairg doghní branradh go bráth | is ann a dtráth gan chur shíl (`leaves land fallow'; upturns the fallow without sowing seed?), O'Gr. Cat. 614 . go bplannduighidh tú fíneamhain, ┐ nár dhearnaidh tú foghmhar uirre (= non vindemies eam, Deuteronomy xxviii 30 ), TSh. 9707 . in tan is ar logh dognithar dān doibh `when it is for a fee they are taught the art', Laws iv 236 . doróni Collanach légenn do Thaircell C. put T. to study, Moling 12 . dodhénuinn leighionn ┐ lánḟoghluim duit I would give thee learning and instruction, Ériu v 98 . an uair tainec am legind do denamh do Mhunda when the time came for M. to receive instruction. BCC § 161 . doníd áit leabhar dona tuat[h]adhaibh (images) take the place of books for the laity, Ó Héodhusa 143 . lochdach `maith' no `olc' a ttús chomhfhocuil; `deagh' ┐ `dagh' ┐ `droch' doní a n-ionadh, IGT Introd. § 97 . go ndearnadar bhur n-ionadhsa dhamh, 1 Corinth. xvi 17 . Note also: grian i n-Aquair . . . doróined im-mís Enair the sun has been placed (?) in Aquarius, SR 234 . ni den ciall uaim péin isin canóin `I will put no sense of my own into the canons', MS. Matthew 530 ( Lib. Flav. i 11va ).

(e) With vn. phrase, e.g. do-gní a láma do nige = do-gní n. a lám (the older construction, see (d) (iii) above): do chin huair nach atamar, | dogénat do clanna iar tain | dogres a cin d'imresain, SR 1407 . déntar leo . . . uan d'idpairt, 3899 . dorigni Iob . . . in slóg do rím J. numbered the host, 6817 . donidis a righ fein do marbad, KMMisc. 312 . go ndiongnadh críoch Laighean uile d'argain, Keat. ii 6341 . an altóir ar a ndeárnadh sé corp Chríost d'ofrálughadh, Eochairsg. 19 . in mac doróine d'idhpairt whom he offered up, RC xxxvii 348 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. § 61 . dorinne Flann aonach Tailltean do chommóradh, Keat. iii 3014 . an ndénta eich do reidhiughadh? would you break in horses? Ériu v 190 . dorine Carn Amhalgaidh do thochailt, Hy Fiach. 100 . nach ndéanair sinne bhéoghudh arís? wilt thou not revive us again? Psalms lxxxv 6 . a ferand lais in fer donither and do orgain the man who is trespassed upon, Laws iv 92 Comm. intan donither nōs nó dliged do nuaidiged, Marco P. 96 . dorónadh in lúithech catha sin do cumdach ac Brutus B. caused . . . to be constructed, CCath. 1809 . dorighneadh leo raona leathna do reidhiughadh they cleared broad passages, ML 130 . in ferann ima ndernad mac rig do marbad, RC xxvi 134 .

(f) With substantival clauses as obj.: dorigne Dia corbo mag mínscothach in móin, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 329 ). dorigni Moisi. . . dia fleisc co mba glé-nathir turned his rod into a bright snake, SR 3853 (cf. II (g) below).

II Makes .

(a) creates, forms, constructs: doriṅgne Dia nem ┐ talmain, LL 1 . do thalmain do-t-riṅgned (said to Adam), 22 . in saer-denmaid domrigni, SR 2060 . si[u] dognetis aingil uais before the angels were created, 7853 . toingim don Righ domroighne, ZCP viii 221 . is and doronta in[n]a dúili, Ériu iii 116 . fria muindtir dorrigena the household He has made (i.e. the angels), Ériu ii 140 . oroit ar Thurcain lasa ndernad in [c]hrossa, Thes. ii 289 . digéni Cummen cétaig `made a mantle', 239.20 (Ardm.). is leis ar thus doronait failge óir, Rawl. 147a27 . dogní claideb craind, TBC-I¹ 940 . dogníat druidi ind rig . . . nathracha, SR 3849 . doroindi side armu doib, RC xxiv 196 . co ndernsat na héoin a n-nitu, Hy. v 19 Comm. ( Thes. ii 331 ). is e mod frisa mbitis cumala riasiu dorontais muilind before mills were made, Corm. Y 324 . fer dénma bairgine a baker, Sg. 184b3 . gu ndérna longphort ic druim nG., O'Gr. Cat. 5 . Breoghain . . . leis dorondadh Brigandsia Brigantia was founded (built), BB 21a40 . dogensad botha and, TBC-I¹ 903 . dena tegdais don Chomdid, SR 6880 . co nderndtais dóib eclais nglain, 4187 . dognithit eclais don clerech, LB 260a59 . oroit do Ultan . . . dorigni in caissel, Thes. ii 289 . caislen Cenanduis do denom la Gallaib, RC xviii 301 . drochet .i. drochsét .i. ara olcas int seta darsin-dentur across which it is built, Hy. vi 4 Comm. ( Thes. ii 350 ). doringset leasa (liassu, LU) fora loegaib, TBC-I¹ 908 . dognisedar liasa fa n-innilibh, ZCP viii 544 . is leis doronad clad Saxan, Todd Nenn. 62 . doronta a n-airlisi ┐ a rrigdúine ann, Corm. Y 883 . The name of the material, etc., of which something is made is introduced by DE: dorigne smirchomairt di chnamaib, TBC-I¹ 2869 . dia nderna don chriaid cheir when he made a plaster of the clay, SR 7683 . is di lus bīs forsnaib caircib dognither in chorcur buide, Tur. 115 ( Thes. ii 492 ). cid delg ni der[n]tar de not even a skewer can be made of it (wood), Trip.² 2284 . co ndernait limsa de secht ndabcha I made seven vats with it, Ériu iv 134 .

Under this head may be classed further: ní dene tenid ratha do not make a fire of fern, Ériu i 194 . co ndernai tenid dam, TBC-I¹ 461 . fobith doṅgníat cercol ocond ocbáil they make (i.e. describe) a circle, BCr. 18d2 ( Thes. ii 13 ).

(b) forms (by aggregation of units), constitutes, makes up: dorigne T. cath dia mhuintir formed his men into a battalion, SG 321 . doronsatar aen-cath dib, MR 142 . Mod. often with súas: déanamh nuimhre suas, Content. v 124 . a mesg . . . na leabhar . . . da ndearnadair suas a mbiobla of which they made up their Bible, Luc. Fid. 282 .

(c) prepares, gets ready: dorondad imda Domnaill for lár in righthaigi, Ériu v 232 . iomdha Ghiolla Íosa do dhéanam in-aon seomra ris féin, Maguires of F. 28 . gidh maith gach leaba . . . dorighnes seachnóin Eirenn each spot I have slept in, BS 154 . co ndernsat (argniat, v.l.) a muinter biadh doib, RC vi 174 . dentar praind ┐ tomaltus (a command), CRR 23 . tomaltas bídh ┐ leanna do dhénum do na cléirchib, SG 68 . denam seillne ind domnuch ni cóir laisim acht a ndenam riam he does not think it right to prepare an extra course on Sunday, Mon. Tall. 145 . fer dogní fleid, fer dia ndéntar he who gives a feast and he to whom it is given, Triads 94 . co ndernad fled do Brenaind, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). doroindeadh coibflead mor do la ri dia thuathaib, YBL 138a8 .

(d) Of mental or abstract construction, makes, devises, frames: a ndliged dogniat gréic the law which the Greeks make, Sg. 40a7 . is i comairli dorigni Ioib, a mac . . . do chur a n-ifren the plan (resolution) Jove formed, TTebe 580 . conid hí comairli doroindi, tiachtain, etc., ZCP viii 276 . is olc . . . in comairli doníthi .i. ar marbad-ni, Ériu v 152 . dorinde an manuch drochcomairli an uair sin, BCC § 248 . Cf. exx. under I (c), (d) (vi) above.

(e) Of literary composition: Fland fer légind . . . issé dos-róna (author names himself in final stanza of poem), LL 184b19 ( Arch. Hib. ii 74 ). isind áer dorighne Nede mac A. do rig Connacht, Corm. Y 698 . dorónus doibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne, ACL iii 296 . dena dam doibh focra lethamnas, 295 . Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in n-imun-sa do Patraic, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). dorigniset lāid, TBC-I¹ 2249 , cf. 2615 , etc. Níníne écess doríne in n-orthainn-see, Hy. iii Pref . ( Thes. ii 322 ). psaltar na rann . . . dorigni Oengus, SR title . is and doringni Conchobar in rethoric-se, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 . dodhendais draidi tinchealda druad na n-agaid, BB 40a45 .

(f) Of linguistic or grammatical formation: ní Antoniolus dogní gl. Antonius, quod Antoniaster facit diminutivum, Sg. 49a5 . ní contulitus dogni gl. contulatus, 74a3 ; cf. 46a7 . 93b7 , 104b6 , 105b3 , etc. a nomine Aiax . . . co ndeni Aiacides, PCr. 15a1 ( Thes. ii 225 ). ní in -um dogní a neutur it does not form its neuter in -um, Sg. 206a3 , cf. 46b10 . is cumtubairt ced dogní a ngenitiu what their genitive makes (i.e. how . . . is formed), 99a2 .

(g) dogní x de y makes x of y = turns y into x: do gach bíud maith doni neim | a c[h]ur isin cli caithmig, ACL iii 238 . cindus fer dia ndenid-si deu? of what kind of men do you make gods? Wb. 8c11 . airchinnig . . . dogniat dona indmasaib selba sainrudcha who convert treasures into personal property, FA 25 (LU). trí sóir dogníat dóeru díb féin, Triads 167 . bid demon dogénai bec do mór, dogéna mór do biuc, ZCP ix 451 . din chloich dorigne saland, Hy. v 40 ( Thes. ii 338 ) (perh. the stone became salt, see (h) below). amal dorigne Dia dil | do fleiscc Moysi derbhnat[h]raigh, RC xxxvii 346 . doroighne dairmes do dhoire `caused mast to grow in the oakwood', KMMisc. 168 . dochotar triat chridi . . . co ndernsat crois de indut, TBC-I¹ 2811 . dogníter anmann dilsi díib amal doṅgnither dindhí as Romanus they become (are used as) proper names (`proper names are formed from them'), Sg. 35b13 . cach fear . . . da ndentair fochlac who is made a fochlac , Lec. 126b40 . dorighnedh uisce searbh da lionn, SG 28 . dorinneadh Pápa do Anastasius, Keat. iii 739 . dorigned duini dit thou becamest a mortal, ACL iii 242 . braighde Eirenn . . . secht rígh acht co ndernta de that they might become seven kings, ZCP viii 108 . Seldom with adj. (in subst. use?): mairg doni lán don lestar who fills the vessel, ACL iii 240 . dogéna sin fáilid díot-sa, SG 403 . With AS: as in Magnus dogníthær a ndede-sin .i. diles ┐ doacaldmach `Magnus' is used both as a proper name and appellative, Sg. 29a11 . With extension of meaning: gadaigi dogni dimsa you make me out a thief, Ériu v 234 .

(h) In Mid.Ir. the vb. in the preceding construction comes to be used impersonally: dogní x de y = y is turned into, becomes x . Possible exx. from the O.Ir. glosses are: amal nád ṅdéni neutur dindí as tiberis cia doberthar flumen fris as t. does not become a neuter even though f. be put beside it (?), Sg. 63a17 (`it does not make a neuter of T. that f. is put with it', Thes.). is bésad na mmuimme dogní deidbleán di oc munud á dalti, Wb. 24d11 (`it is the custom of the nurse to make a weakling of herself', Thes. For the construction in general cf. Wb. 4d15 ). brister na rama ┐ doni gadrach dia longaib, Aen. 243 . do oluind cillches dia ndene pell of which a blanket is made, Corm. Y 239 (= dia ndénat, LB). atá do mét a seca . . . co ndéin cristal da huisci its water turns to crystal, Maund. 137 . da curthaidi sliabh teinedh ann, doghénad oigre ┐ snechta de (= in glaciem verteretur), RC xxviii 320 . dorigni troich ṅdorchaid dé | co torchair i cath Giluáe, SR 6397 . doreprendset cóic bainne a méraib Pátraic ┐ dorónai cóic oíbli dib, Trip.² 121 . is dona deoraib romuidsedar uaithi dorindi in loch, RC xvi 146 . dorigne tir tairngire d'Erinn a n-a ré Ireland became the Land of Promise, CF p. 73 , cf. SG 90 . cor rothuit in ballán . . . co nderna brioscbhruar de, SG 403 . dochim . . . go nderna balbhan dibh that you have become mute, Luc. Fid. 284 . Éireannaigh díbh go ndearna so that they became Irishmen, Ériu v 62 . Muire don deilbh ar ndéanamh when the statue had turned into Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 . With adj. (in subst. use?): co nderna uathbásach n-ilrechtach n-ingantach de, TBC-I¹ 1928 (LU). doní degbhlasda deghbhalaidh dhibh, 23 K 42, 416.4 .

(i) dogní x i n- y = makes (changes) x into y (less common than the two preceding constructions): ní .o. in .i. dogní son it (`caro') does not change o into i (in obl. cases), Sg. 93b3 . dorignedh in duine i n-anmain na beoaigheadh (= factus est homo in animam viventem, a lit. transl. of Gen. ii 7 ), BB 16a15 . roloisc Roimh . . . is dorigne i lechtu converted it into a graveyard, Lec. 47a1 . an t-uisge do bhí déunta 'n-a fhíon, John ii 9 . an lá sin dorinneadh Ioruaith ┐ Píoláid 'n-a gcáirdibh dha chéile Herod and Pilate became friends, Luke xxiii 12 . an lucht doní | leithrígh orra 'n-a thréinrí[gh] who make out a half-king to be a perfect king, Content. xiv 46 .

(j) do-gní mór (bec, etc.) de makes much (etc.) of, accounts as: . . . ni denaim-sea baa desin I set little weight on that, TBC-I¹ 361 . ní dénaim deccair do ní | acht rodeónaig int airdri I count nothing too hard, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . mogenair duine doni don tṡaegul uile neimní who holds the world as naught, ACL iii 221 . ní denam robríg de, TBC-LL¹ 859 = TBC-I¹ 361 . mór do-ghníd daoine dhíob féin, O'Gr. Cat. 555 . co tucat Laigin d'éislis sinn ┐ co ná dernat ní dinn, SG 410 . With AS: 'gan druing as a ndéine a lán the race of which you make such a lot, Content. v 67 .

(k) With adj. or equivalent as complement of pred., makes, renders (= Lat. reddit): do-m-ní driamail makes me melancholy, LL 146b49 ( PRIA xix 544 ). cid do-t-gni torsech?, TE 12 (LU). as é ni doni an t-aer cruinn, Ir. Astr. Tr. 18 . do-m-rigne losc lén sorrow has made me blind, LL 147a30 ( PRIA xix 548 ). gé go ndearnais geal é andé, | atá ina ghual féin aniugh though yesterday you made it white, O'Gr. Cat. 607 . dorinne sé ullamh é, Psalms vii 12 . ní dhernsam . . . dorcha lé dealradh briathar . . . briathra dealraighthe an Duilimh I have never obscured, Ó Héodhusa 4 . dorinneadar nocht mé, TSh. 9217 . nír chian go ndernadh an rig balb became dumb, SG 12 . With extension of meaning: méid na maslughadh dobheirid do Dhia an mhéid go ndéanuid breugach é make him out a liar, Eochairsg. 11 . With adverbial complement: nirbu cognomen acht darigni amin he made it one, Sg. 31b22 . co n-acca in tromchiaich . . . co nderna na tulcha amail insi il-lochaib, TBC-I¹ 3111 . is i so doni na plained co soimpaidtec makes the planets inclined to revolve, Ir. Astr. Tr. 120 . doní sé na dáine go conáigh makes prosperous, O'Gr. Cat. 259 .

(l) appoints, ordains, arranges: dorindi [Erimón] coicedaich ar Erind made provincial kings, Todd Nenn. lxv . a mbadar Laigin . . . oc denam rig a Temraig, Lec. 217a28 . doronsat inad coinne re chéile fixed a meeting-place, SG 11 . ar ndéunamh láe ris dóibh, tangadar mórán chuige when they had appointed him a day, Acts xxviii 23 .

(m) do-gní (claind) begets (FRI on): dona tri ballaib [f]uil acut da ndene cloind, Lec. 612a36 . Fachtna a athair ┐ is e dorigne Conchobur dar cenn Cathbaid, RC vi 178 . is iad dorigni Lugaid-tri-riab-nderg rena ṡiair, Ériu ii 174 . doroigne Mairt inn ingin Ermione re Uenir, TTebe 762 . is é dorinne an toirrches úd ría, Ériu v 164 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria, RC vi 175 . co ndernae da mac friu (of Lot), Rawl. 72a24 . fo clith doronad la Mac N. iat fri Fuinche, Fianaig. 4 . corob tre meirdreochas dorigned thusu, YBL 142a29 . hinn aidchi sin . . . dorigned rí na n-ech n-ard, ZCP viii 270 ( Rawl. 87b41 ). do nuimir clainni Dauida ┐ do hurd a ndenma the order of their begetting, Rawl. 73b7 . Rarely in meaning conceives: ingen dodngéna (sic leg.) fria hathair, ZCP viii 196 . ni hi cland na coluime, | cland fa deōid do dénam di | ar fēgad inn eoin eli, ACL iii 238 . Hence more widely breeds, increases (trans.): do greghoip . . . dogni eachraidh mór dona Rōmānchaibh, Fl. Earls 182 . fēr dogēna sil ┐ crann . . . dodēna torad (= herbam facientem semen et lignum faciens fructum, Gen. i 11 ). Lec. 528a27 . fuaratar cráin ┐ dā bhanbh dēcc . . . ionnus go ndernatar go lór do mhucaibh dīb bred, raised (?), BNnÉ 119 .

(n) produces, brings forth: déra dogníaad-san go dímór they shed abundant tears, ZCP viii 216 . cíamtis déra fola dognetís, FA 34 . roimhe nocha dherna neach | leth a nderna do dhéraibh, ZCP i 64 , cf. Mart. Don. May 14 . gibe doní fuil re n-a fual (= quicumque sanguinem mingunt). 23 K 42, 62.8 . doni an mac tire guth cíochanach, 3 C 22, 24a1 . guth fiaich leo ┐ as a n-adarcaib dognidis, Corm. Y 731 . Of natural phenomena: ceatha troma | doníd tonna thulcha Lēis the showers which the waves of the hill of L. make (?), CF 1024 (cf. 1004 ). nuchu dearna Dia fearthain for talmain (= pluerat, Gen. ii 5 ), BB 16a10 . ní dhearnadh fearthuin . . . feadh thrí mbliadhan it rained not, James v 17 . (fuinneóc) dusgni soillsi d'uile altoirip gives light to, Fl. Earls 250 .

(o) causes, gives rise to: mor doni domenma dhamh | an dogra roghabh an gheis causes me great sorrow, CF 1029 . idu ab idor (= ὕδωρ) .i. on fliuchaidecht doni a ngalar sin (of dropsy), Corm. Y 770 . doní mo deora duba | cruma ar tí m'feola (the thought) that worms shall eat my flesh begets my tears, ACL iii 216 . doní anāl maith ag neach (of a medicament), 23 K 42, 444.9 . asé in fín . . . is luaithi doni mesce causes intoxication, O'Gr. Cat. 216 . ní denann tart does not provoke thirst, 194 . acht go ndenuid tromdhacht isin cheann, 23 K 42, 72.13 . gach duine atchíodh iad, doníodh galar dhóibh it would make them ill, Keat. iii 3403 . dia ndeine galar gabail ara fual, Mon. Tall. 147 . dogénad galar duit sirligi lying abed would make thee ill, LU 3590 ( SCC § 30 ). dodhéan-sa míodhuaill ar sin I shall cause horror thereat, Ériu i 18 . gach easlainte donithear o lionadh caused by repletion, 23 K 42, 17.14 . neasgóit doníter o adhbur neimneach, 23 P 10, 4a31 . isé ní o ndentur an crith sin ┐ in spasmus , 4a15 . adeir G. co ndenter stranguiria o moran do modhaibh, 30b36 . Cf. do-gní domenma is dejected , do-gní mesce becomes intoxicated , II (d) above.

(p) wins, gains, obtains: doronsat Gaedil . . . bruid ┐ creith took captives and spoils, Todd Nenn. 172 . a ccreacha ┐ a n-edála arna ndénamh ┐ arna ccruinniughadh, Ériu v 76 . doni sin ríghe da réim secures the sovereignty for his line, Rel. Celt. ii 230 . gurbh' usa dhóibh cíos do dhíol ┐ do dhéanamh to `raise' the rent, PCT 1757 . mithigh duid dénamh carad time for thee to make a friend, IGT Decl. ex. 414 . Cf. further: dénasa in dara leth don Mide co mbad tairise . . . duit i (`so handle the one half of Meath'?), SG 403 .

(q) In sense of imm-déni proves, demonstrates: cid dogní latsu . . . conid breg he?, IT iii 201.9 . dogniat fiadhuin co follus cunud . . ., Laws ii 62.8 Comm. imdenat . . . .i. doniat, 326.23 Comm. ge daniter ar naill though they are proved by oath, iv 288.9 Comm. co nderntá enech na Troianda, TTr.² 1236 . do ní nonmar la heisinnraic a fuil for innraic, O'Curry 307 ( H 3.18 169 ).

III As intrans. vb.

(a) Used as extension of I (a) does, acts: déna amal as adlaic let, FB § 62 . amail rocinnsemh . . . is amlaid dognem, RC xiii 29 . ronertais dam-sa co ndernain hi cutrummus frim cheliu thou hast encouraged me to do like my fellows, PCr. 2a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). meni dérntais dar fócra lest they should act against (beyond) the decree, Ériu iv 94 . dodhéanmaoid-ne uime sin amhail doghníomaoid re gach docamhail oile, MR 62 . doronsat fon n-indus[s]in, Todd Nenn. 96 . dogniset amhail conaitecht Ó Domhnaill, Hugh Roe 102 .

(b) With AR (later also FOR) obeys, acts according to the wish or advice of. Orig. trans. as in first two exx.: as dénti ní airriu they are to be obeyed, Wb. 15a23 (see Thes. p. 51 ). dogéntar airiut, BDD² 215 . dia n[d]ernta-su form-sa if thou wouldst take my advice, TBC-LL¹ 1802 . da ndeirnta orm-sa, Cog. 200 . da ndearndais orm allmaraig, do fuicfidís do in conair, MR 174 . ní derna an rechtaire fair, BColm. 58 . dlomaid dóib asind ferunn ┐ ni densat fair, SG 234 . ma dogneithi eram-sa, Anecd. ii 53 . ni dingentar fort-sa, 50 . creud ma ndubhairt linn deunamh uirre to obey her (the Church), Luc. Fid. 365 .

(c) With LE (RÉ) deals with, acts towards (mod.): déan réd' shearbhfóghantuigh do réir thrócaire, Psalms cxix 124 . dorinne tú go maith léd' shearbhfóghantuigh, 65 . deun go mín leis an mbocht, GJ v 85 .

(c 1) With TAR does without, neglects : do-ghéanadh cách tar an gcois 'men would overlook the foot' Éigse xxxvii 98 § 5 . móide as deacair déanamh thort, DDána 99 § 17 . deacroide dhúinn déanamh thairis, O'Hara 2863 . mithidh dhúinn gan déanamh thort, Aithd. D. 153 § 7 . ní héidir dhúinn déanamh thort, 292 § 18 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh do shíor, IGT Introd. § 3 . déanamh thort ní tualaing sinn, Dán Dé 32 § 8 .

(d) Folld. by prep. or adv. denoting motion, makes for, goes (orig. with ellipse of vn. expressing motion, see O'Rahilly, Celtica 1 318 ff . ): dogeni L. for a āth came on to his ford, TBC-I¹ 836 (dagéini .i. tic, LU). Common in later Mid.Ir. and mod. lang.: tréig do thalamh duthchais, déin ar choiste Lundain, O'Rah. xxiv 26 . dénam dár ttoich, Ériu iv 54 . denum d'innsaighi Serluis let us go to meet, Fier. 117 . denum isteach da fēgain, Lib. Flav. ii 6ra35 . déanam thairis don taobh budh thuaidh let us cross, ML 72 . déanam súas go slíabh an Tighearna, Isaiah ii 3 . déunuigh romhaibh ar an ndubhaigéun, Luke v 4 . dogene atúaid came from the north, RC xiii 221 (B. na f.). go ndearnadar go réimdhíreach gus an bhfásach, Keat. iii 1013 . dorónsad na cathmhílidh a gcoinne ┐ a gcomhdháil a chéile, PCT 551 . léicit amach sa ffairrge iat do denomh ar in Spainn gach ndīrech, Fl. Earls 10 .

(e) Various uses with prepp.: congaib-side a chrícha cen choscru, cen chernu; ní déni di neoch, ní déni nech de he takes from none, ZCP xi 86 . secnadh gach uili fin . . . ┐ denadh re huisci meala let him be satisfied with, 3 C 19, 94 ra 4 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh which cannot be done without, IGT Introd. § 3 . gan bheithe bogtha do rádha innti tar nach éidir dénamh san ogham, § 1 .

fortan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fortan or dil.ie/23968

Forms: f.

adj (for + tenn ?) level ground, flat (?) : inmain f.¤ fír, aobhda | ┐ taīdiu 'ga tadall, Anecd. ii 22 (poem ascribed to St. Moling). fri feda f.¤ (Tortan) `the tree tops of the wood' Metr. Dinds. iv 246 . Cf. f.¤ .i. fírtheann, O'Cl. (hence, probably : f.¤ ` firm, stiff, strict ' P. O'C. ` tied, bound ' O'R.).

frém

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frém or dil.ie/24278

Forms: prém, fremunn, F., -fremanaib, frémh, prémh

n (= O.Ir. frén q.v.). Later also prém (see Ériu ix 84 ). ā, f. As n-stem in g p. fremunn, ACL iii 218 § 8 (= Rawl. 107b3 . Possibly the n.l. F. is intended here). d p. -fremanaib, Cog. 62.1 . frémh prémh, f. IGT, Decl. § 39 .

A root

(a) in lit. sense: f.¤ (v.l. fren) fíne, Fél. Oct. 10 . dona premaibh = de radicibus RSláinte ii p. 113 . frema na ralach, LL 264a2 ( MU² 272 ). gabais F. ... dair ... assa fremaib, LL 114a2 ( ScM. 18 ; v.l. frenaiph, ScM2). coillti ... do thuitim as a premaibh, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . a prémaib in crainnd, LB 142a3 . do drochlebaid ... for cruaid-frēmanaib [sic leg.] corracha, Cog. 62.1 . fréumh do ghlacadh to take root Isaiah xxvii 6 . ag glacadh fréimhe, Job v 3 . cur ... i bpréimh to root, implant A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 2 .

(b) by extension, of other organic things: dae ard asa f.¤ laime lūiter combi trelam tenn , Laws iv 350.4 . tescais féin fréma a chride `severs her own heart-strings' (of the pelican) O'Gr. Cat. 461.16 . cf. tug fréamha a chridhe dar gcionn (of the Saviour), Dán Dé v 11 . préamh na súl, A. Ó Dálaigh xli 8 . seacht bpréamha na bpian (= the seven deadly sins ?), Studies 1931, 260 .

(c) fig. root, source, origin: in dligedh sin ise f.¤ ┐ bunad asa nfāsa gach fis, Laws i 36.5 . sna fremhoibh fis, Duan. F. ii 336 (= i bhfremhaibh fine, i 4 ). conidsi ... Saltair Temrach as [f]rem ┐ as bunad ... do seanchadhaibh Erenn BB 263a15 = YBL 185a28 ( IT iii 199 ). én ... dan f.¤ oilemhna a oighid to whom her own death is a source of her nurslings' aliment O'Gr. Cat. 461.5 . fréma d'idnuib an uilc, Ériu iv 212 § 1 . innis ... fréamha a n-óil 's a n-imtheachta `their origin' TD 15.27 . cf. C. mh'fhírfhréamh eoil `C. my trusty guide' PBocht 7.37 . Of a person: Findén find f.¤ inmain Clúana Iraird, Fél. Dec. 12 . le comhrádh ... | níor chubhaidh dheit bheith id' ḟréimh you should not have been the author of ... words Content. xxvii 6 .

(d) root-stock (of a family or race), original or genuine stock: often loosely in sense of line, race: meic M. ... don fhréimh fuinedhaigh airdriogh, BNnÉ 281.16 . triath na riogh-freime, ZCP ii 335.2 . fógra a fírḟréimhe of her true race Ériu viii 192 . aoinaoibel beo na freimhe fíorduthchasa AFM vi 2264 . eidir ḟréimh chogthaigh Chonaill C.'s warlike race TD 2.34 . pór ... na sé bhfréamh (apparently = na sé sluaigh, i.e. the peoples of the six ages) Aithd. D. 75.15 . bláth fréimhe na fírinne ib. 40 .

Compds. Freq. in poetry or rhetoric: ... an chuirp ḟréamhdhuthain, Aithd. D. 50.33 . fremh-ghég gacha flaithiusa ` root-branch ' MR 98.5 . ¤goin: an chích ... i bhfuil a fréamhghoin | guin ochta an éarlaimh dá híoc (ref. to St. Francis) original wound (? i.e. inflicted on the Saviour) PBocht 1.24 . ¤lus: trí —a, IGT, Decl. ex. 2087 . With verb: ¤feraid: le bpréimhfearthair ... ar an nG. planted widely (?) Aithd. D. 35.1 .

íacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íacht or dil.ie/26902

Forms: iachd

n a loud cry, a shout, a groan : i.¤ .i. a tenn-gairm, O'Curry 424 (< H 3.18, p. 231b ). i.¤ .i. eighem, O'Curry 440 (< ib. p. 237a ). iachd a sigh , O'R. ite na hochra ara oslaicet na rudartha bega, fual, fogail indilsi, ... iacht cnet, O'Curry 2472 (< Eg. 88, fo. 38b ).

? 2 iubar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 iubar or dil.ie/29181

Forms: iubail, iubail

n the name of a disease ?: iubail (MS. iub- ? leg. iubar) .i. galar, O'Curry 1477 (< H 3.18, p. 654 ) (but Plummer, MS. Notes, retaining iubail explains this as: `the period within which a disease in a purchased animal may declare itself') tinne .i. iubar bādos (bais, v.l.) .i. tenn-ēo .i. ēo tinnes teinm in c[h]ride co mbī marb de a n-anmandae, Corm. Y 1203.

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