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cáin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáin or dil.ie/7786
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cānae, cánanda, cánann

n i, f. Later also with dental and velar inflection. Note also g s. cānae, Cáin Ad. 48 . IGT Decl. § 201 . n p. cánanda, ibid. g p. cánann, ex. 2162 . See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 193 , O'Brien, Celtica iii 172 .

Law, regulation, rule; fine, tax, tribute. Precise legal significance difficult to define. Appar. regarded as statute law (a law imposed by a king, perh. by an over-king) or by the church ( Ériu xii 69 , Ir. Hist. Stud. xiii 101 - 3 ) in contrast to aurradus customary law. It is always more severe than the latter, ZCP xiv 339 . See Cóic Con. pp. 65 - 66 . Frequ. glossed by ríagail ( Laws ii 222.3 Comm. etc.). The wider meaning written law undoubtedly derived from the numerous monastic ordinances issued in the 8th cent., Thurn. ZCP xviii 396 . By annalists appar. equated with lex (see AU 733 , 736 , 766 and Index s.v. Law). In legal commentary, denotes the law as recorded in old books in contradistinction to aurradus which denotes current law ( The Irish Jurist xxxiii 359 , Literature and Politics in the Celtic World 199-200 , Ériu lii 136 n. 39 ).

(a) law as a system, set of regulations : c.¤ a canoine .i. regula , O'Mulc. 200 . cis lir cain i tir, na bi imaclaid la Feine?, Laws v 480.8 . ro suigideadh (? leg. for-suidigthea) na cana so o tosach domain, 480.22 . ata[a]t .iii. cáini (caine, MS.) nad chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud `there are three rules (servitudes) which heirs are not capable of changing i.e. three types of servitude to which one's land may become subject by adversative prescription', Ériu xvii 68 § 9 and note. c.¤ cach uisci thairidne .i. riagail inn uisce . . . , § 8 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana, BCrólige 5 and note. it cetheora arag . . . fris-tobngiter na ceithri aur[r]athais: athgabail fri brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain, etc., Bürgschaft 75.16 . adarbetar a cain ┐ rechtgi echtca sin, O'Mulc. 368 . Of the regulation for exacting satisfaction for injury (see (b) below): techta cana caich la derbfine .i. dliged na riagla tobaig caich, Ir. Recht 34 § 36 . fer cána the cáin lawyer: ca heiric bhias i nguairiuga[dh] cána, uair nar innis fer cána éiric inn i c.¤ , O'D. 873 ( H 3.17, c. 626 ). In phr. luige cána, see 1 luige. Contrasted with aurradus (see above): deithbirugh[ad] itir c.¤ ┐ urradus (one of the qualifications of a brehon), O'D. 925 ( H 3.17, 657 ). diablad coirpdire urradais sin, ┐ a da cutruma in diablad corpdire cana, Cóic Con. 38 § 51 . is doib do r[or]macht cain do cach duine da fuil airem eneclainne ar cumalaib i n-urradus, 50 § 97 . noco nfuilit ree nanta re athgabhala cána amhuil atá re athghabhála urradhuis, O'D. 621 ( H 3.17, c. 461 ) (see further under aurradus). Distinguished from cairde: imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir, c.¤, cairddi[u] co neoch atallen `he defends the rights of his clients in regard to liabilities arising from contract, written law and treaty(?)', Críth G. 340 and note. muna tabri c.¤ no cairde, BCrólige 43 and note. deichniubar aice ac denum cana ┐ cairde (of the aire désa), O'Curry 2057 (H 4.22, 64a). issed . . . doberar do . . . ar a chain, ar a chairde, ar a rechtnge, Laws v 520. 5 . See further under cairde.

Note further (from non-legal texts): is hí . . . cāin robūi . . . la Bretna: in biodba inna chinaid do neoch forsesed a chāin nō forūasnadfad a chāin, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.3 ). ní duaichnid is í in ch.¤ ro mebaid and in tan ro gabad for loscad in tíre, BDD² 243 . hi ṅgíallnae nár choillet ith na blicht i nHérind tara ch.¤ téchtae, 921 . ar febus na cána ┐ in tṡída, 607 (of prosperous reign). is coll geisi ┐ cána dam-sa inní sin (the Paschal fire), Trip.² 448 . cia chollit araile in cánaid sea, LB 203b56 . ní dlig laech a enecland dia mbé i n-écmais a arm. conid c.¤ midlaig no ndlig fon samail sin law applying in the case of the m.(?), LU 6156 (TBC). ro leasaiged . . . fo chain lesaighthi, RC xliii 114 § 120 . c.¤ dilguda i.e. (Christian) doctrine of forgiveness, LU 9747 . foclaim rim chain is rim chubus / . . . na roaerus duine remhe by my troth, IT iii 86 § 89 . do fhregair in sámaid sin / a cánaib is a caingnibh, SG 69.18 . ón lá do cailleadh do ch.¤ when Thy law was broken (of the offence of Adam), Dán Dé xxviii 17 . In phrase do-gní c.¤ fri makes a law regarding: dogēna cāin fri banscāla, ACL iii 231.20 .

In names of particular laws or titles of tracts: is a Senchas Mar ro airletha na cetheora cano:— cain iarraid, cain saerraith, cain aicillne, cain lanamnussa techta, Laws i 40.21 . cain lanamna, ii 342 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 2 ). c.¤ aigillne, ZCP xiv 338 ff. cain airlicthe, Laws v 370.9 . cain dornn cliath, 474.13 .i. riagail na cleithi donither o'n durn, in cathcliath, 476.16 Comm. cain ona, 368.9 . cain othrusa `rule of nursing', BCrólige 25 . amail atberr a Cain techta bered darba, O'Dav. 629 = beridh darbha, muchaidh ainbḟios, etc., Ériu xiii 39.12 . in cain einech, 13.14 . ite na filidh do-bongad cain n-enech, 23 . In eccles. contexts: at éat so ceithri cána Erenn .i. cain Patraic gan [n]a chleirchiu do marbad, ┐ caín Adamnáin gan [n]a mna do marbad, Cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, ┐ Cain domnaig can toirimtecht etir, Fél. 210.31 ( Keat. iii 1705 ). forus chano Patricii hi Cruachnibh la Dubdaleithi `promulgation of the law of P.', AU i 258.5 (782). is i so tra in Cain Patraic, Laws i 18.1 . cutruma cumal cana Padraicc ┐ cumal cana Cormaic, O'Curry 577 ( H 3.18, 287 ). cain fuithribe, Laws iii 60.4 Comm. rith cana Patraic . . . r. c.¤ Diarmada . . . r. c.¤ boileachta . . . r. c.¤ Adamnain, O'Curry 2132 (H 4.22, 87b). mad iar gc.¤ Adamhnain, O'D. 673 ( H 3.17, 493b ) i.e. if the suit is brought under the law of A. (as oppd. to mad iar gc.¤ i.e. ordinary law), Plummer MS. notes. conid sí cētchāin lāithir for nimh ┐ for talmain Cāin Adomnāin, Cáin Ad. 21 . brithimain cānae Adomnān, 37 . bendacht . . . for anmain Adamnán . . . / rolā cāin forsna clanna, Thes. ii 306.4 (Hy. i). crannaig cana Darí ┐ Moling, O'Curry 343 ( H 3.18, 191 ). ni fil dithach .i. cain Dari .i. cain boslechta dia mbe tuarasdal cana Patraic ag nech, 2577 ( Eg. 88, 48 (49)d ). C.¤ Domnaig, title of tract on the observation of Sunday, Anecd. iii 21 = Ériu xx 151 .

(b) legal due, tribute : commotatio martirum Petir ┐ Poil ┐ Phatraicc ad legem perficiendam i.e. to exact the `cáin', AU i 188.12 (see further Index s.v. law ). conid desin dliges Ciaran cana coidcenda fo Erinn, YBL 171b12 . oc denamh a chana levying his tribute, Anecd. ii 12.13 . fo chánaibh Chiaráin, AFM ii 1096.8 . maor cána Adhamhnáin, 620.20 . LU 9376 . fó óenmám ┐ fo chís ┐ fo ch.¤ , LL 116 . commeít a ḟeraind . . . gan ch.¤ . . . gan ecendáil, 10073 ( TBC-LL¹ 3029 ). tucadh . . . a chana dligid do C. . . . nai fichit bo . . . , RC xliii 12 § 5 . co tuc caín esti, RC xvii 402.10 (Tig.). co nderna . . . c.¤ for cach tūeth, ZCP viii 316.20 . fer cāna a tributary(?), xv 336 § 28 . c.¤ ar na cnoibh tax on nuts, Aithd. D. 1.24 . ní cíos a-mháin ar Mumhain / bhíos acht c.¤ Í Chonchubhair, 7.12 . tug iomad maoine ┐ mórchánach as (of Armagh), Keat. iii 2974 . ó initt go caisg gan c.¤ / acht madh páin ┐ bioror `without (receiving) tribute save only bread and cress', ZCP i 64 § 105 . ní thabair cóir ina gcána / cóir Danair dá rádha rú, IGT Decl. ex. 2163 . fáoigfidh leth a gcos ad chána / dá mbeth cros gach ágha d'fir, ex. 49 . c.¤, dubhchíos no custum, Ezra vii 24 . fuagraim oruibh cain bhrisde focal penalty fine for breaking one's word, Luc. Fid. 4341 . Atonement (esp. of Christ's a. for Adam's sin): emenda .i. c.¤ , Ir. Gl. 98 . crann díola croinn na cána, Aithd. D. 88.3 . an té do choill an gcánaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiii 1 . ag so dhuit, a Dhia . . . / . . . an chalann 'n-a cánaigh féin, DDána 62.13 . íc ruibh do chuid don chánaidh / d'ḟuil Ádhaim duid a Dhúilimh, IGT Decl. ex. 2164 . Note also: mar ch.¤ an pheacaidh, Donlevy 348.23 .

In phrase cen ch.¤ (cheville): na ceil orm innis cen chain / ca lín dofaeth dom deslaim, RC xxiii 420.9 . can ch.¤ , LL 4381 . Cf. cain .i. cainte, O'Curry 94 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

do-im(m)diben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-im(m)diben or dil.ie/17859

Forms: doimdibnim, timdibe

v (* to-imb-di-ben-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 462 ) cuts away, shortens: doimdibnim gl. parco `I abridge', Wb. 17d22 . du-n-indbithe (sic) mu chland `used to be diminished', Ml. 88a11 . timdibhen .i. impo, ut est thimdibhen a lesa lathar cach neime[d] cuts off his arrangement of profit, O'Dav. 1538 . Cf. doimdibdat nó imdibe, 952 (infl. of do-bádi?). timdibid amal faebair they cut (away? of rulers), LL 371a35 . fer do na timdibhenar a dhire who is not deprived of (?), Laws iv 356 Comm. ni thimdibend saegul, ni thabair saegul it neither shortens nor adds to life, LL 283b5 . ro thimdibsit a shaeghul cut short, TE § 20 ( IT i 130 ). doimdíbaither bar sáegul, Anecd. i 44 . ratimdhíbheadh do shaoghal, TFrag. 14 . Vn. timdibe.

1 gort

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gort or dil.ie/26421

Forms: Gort

n (also gart) o, m. (orig. neut.? Cf. Gort mBūraig n. l., Heldensage, p. 218.14 ; TBC-I¹ 3677 ). IGT Decl. § 67 , § 68 .

I

(a) a field (of arable or pasture land): gl. seges, Sg. 66b7 . in gort arba, Auraic. 5559 . a farradh an ghuirt feoir no arbair, Laws iv 86.5 . lathe búana ... ba tair coidchi inna gort till evening there was dry weather in her field, Thes. ii 334.4 = Hy. v 30 . ain cethra as do gurt, Laws v 136.7 . oircc peata ... lingeas eirlím a ngort faithche ... that jumps into the garden of the green, ib. iv 108.9 . na ceithri guirt is nesa do'n baili, v 328.8 Comm. doloddursom ... asind gurt ... tarsa ceim isind faichti, Mon. Tall. § 7 . gart cen buain, CCath. 316 . gart gráinremhar, IGT Decl. ex. 342 . ní bhí gart dall ina dhomhan there is no untilled field in his domain, KMMisc. 174 § 36 . nī thabair gilla ar a gart | tūar mar thorad na mbennacht, ACL iii 244 § 2 . o gortaib (gartaibh v.l.) Greg, TTebe 4335 . a Christ, a grían os cach gurt, Trip. ii 540.18 ( LL 131b32 ). imma síd, imma saergort, Metr. Dinds. iii 452.44 . ní gort d'ar as a ḟíaghuil, IGT Decl. ex. 668 . fásaidh grán tré gh.¤ gan bhrígh, Dán Dé xxxi 10 . leagaidh iomad toirtheamhlachta an gort (= segetem nimia sternit ubertas), TSh. 6992 . guirt gan buain, AFM iii 544.10 . túaraṡdal an lochda oibre noch dho bhean bhur nguirt, James v 4 . ro chuir ... na eocho hi fergort, LU 8514 ( FB 36 ).

(b) a field of battle: dáine is dían ar gurt mad glecc, Metr. Dinds. iii 192.43 . dar n-anacol ar cach ṅg.¤ | na hágum olc na hág, LL 308b17 ( SG 389.34 ). i ngurt gaisccidh, AFM vi 2234.18 . i ngurt gábhaidh in the field of danger, 2236.6 . tú a sgiath díona i ngurt ghábhaidh, TD 27.28 . sníomh do dhornchla i ngurt ghábhaidh, 10.29 . tús guirt nach tiubhradh do Thamarlánaibh precedence in the field ..., Ó Bruad. iii 40.7 . rug buadha an ghuirt, 168.6 .

(c) land, territory: san ghurt bhraonnuaidhe bhinn (i.e. Ireland), TD 17.18 . ní dheachaidh g.¤ gan ghabháil | díobh soir go sruth Orthanáin, ib. 23 . Fig. gort iad nach roich a robáil | a chine `a field that cannot be harried is his race,' Content. xxv 12 . G.¤ Nuadhat (poetic term for Ireland): maithe ghuirt Nuadhat nobles of Ireland, Ó Bruad. iii 166.2 . Cf. a shaorghuirt Fhéidhlim (same meaning), Hackett xv 17 . g.¤ gabhála (see gabál), a fenced field (?): sliab na gortaib gabála the mountains [allotted] all in fenced fields, O'Gr. Cat. 374.29 . aball-gort, an apple-yard, an orchard , see aball-; ith-gort a corn-field , see ith-.

Compds. ¤ḟoithneadh: fonn sámh na ngortḟoithneadh of the fertile nooks , TD 2.15 . ¤glan (epithet) of the clear fields: ar fat na Grecci gartgloine, TTebe 249 . tarsna bruig[ib] ... gartglana Gregda, 1089 . ¤glanad act of weeding , Laws i 134.15 Comm.

II a corn-crop, standing corn: arnā comblaisset na bāi in[na] gurta, Corm. Y 674 . loiscther ... o shaignénu na guirt úrai, ┐ pappe ┐ blatha na fínemna, PH 4242 . gerraid sí (i.e. locusta) ... toraid ┐ guirt ... di-a fiaclaib, 7661 . ni tanccatar guirt in tire ina n-aipche, CCath. 3502 . dogherr a nguirt uile, AU iii 64.2 (an. 1412) . Cf. guirt gemhair Erenn do dhul a mugudha `the green crops of Ireland went to nought,' AU ii 462.6 .

1 súgán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 súgán or dil.ie/39172

n [o, m.] (súg) small beer : ní thabair i ndíol an leanna uaidh acht súghán nó iairlionn, TSh. 4655 . leann is súghán súgach, E. Ó Cl. 1752 (glossed droch-leann in MS., see Gloss.). As n.pr. Sudhán Siashúileach mhac Coirce, 572 .

taeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taeb or dil.ie/39454
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tóib, tōib, tóeb, tóib, toib, tóeb, tuib, taib, taoibh, thóib, thóeb, thoib, táib, tóebu, tóebaib, toeibi, taoíbhe, táib, taib, táeib, taoib, tháib, tháobha, taíbe, toibe, taoibhe, tōeba, taeba(dh), taobha, thaobha, taepa, taobha, taoibh, taoibh, taobha

n o, m., later also ā, f. and u, m. As o, m. n s. tóib, Wb. 21c6 . tōib, Bruchst. i 37 § 89 . tóeb, LU 3401 . a s. tóib, Wb. 15b2 . toib, Ml. 131c12 . tóeb, LU 3356 . g s. tuib, Thes. ii 254.4 . taib, PH 271 . taoibh, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 5. d s. thóib, Wb. 20d13 . thóeb, LU 8341 . n du. thoib, Ml. 67d14 . n p. táib, TTr. 1715 . a p. tóebu, SR 6162 . Fél. Ep. 324 . d p. tóebaib, TBFr. 40.

As ā, f. g s. toeibi, RC vii 363.34 . taoíbhe, ALC i 6 note . a d s. táib, KMMisc. 266.2 . taib, LU 3446 . táeib, PH 4426 . taoib, CS 124 note 2 . a du. tháib, IT i 68.6 . n p. tháobha, Ezekiel xlviii 1 . IGT Decl. § 39 . The g s. taíbe occurs also as masc.: isind achsaill toibe deiss I., LB 251a68 = Ir. Eccles. Rec. ii (1865) 176.8 . an taoibhe , AFM v 1636.z . Content. xiii 34 . Hence noted as [s], n. in Wi, PH, etc.

As u, m. g s. tōeba, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 4 . taeba(dh), Laws iv 74.22 Comm. an taobha , IGT Decl. ex. 979 . A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 14. IGT Decl. § 38.

Note also d s. thaobha, Content. xiii 9 . taepa, Fl. Earls 164.19 . 172.33 . Perh. infl. by the phrase gacha taobha (adverbial g s.).

I side in concrete sense.

(a) Opposed to airchend end (of field, etc.): congaibther tóib et airchinn and `side and front are held together in him' (corner-stone), Wb. 21c6 . ar congaibsom toíb ┐ erchinn issuidiu, Ml. 131c12 . fer i taib (.i. in fata) no [in] airceand (.i. ín gairit), Laws iv 120.y .

(b) side of human, animal's body: síc rundgabsat ar ṅda thoib du ditin ar n-inmedonachni, Ml. 67d14 . fosceirdside issa tír súas in slig, ┐ a mmíl inna tháeb, TBFr. 236 , `while the monster held on to his side,' Études Celt. ii 8 . comben a chend den míl co mbaí fora thóeb, TBFr. 241 . dobert brat fa a taob, Mon. Tall., 155.9 . ní thabair a th.¤ re lár does not lie down, SG 172.6 . Adam ... iar tepe Eua as a thoeb, PH 3428 . cech taebh dom thaobaib gelaib | bid tana o daolaibh dubae, ACL iii 216.18 . d'fertuis do taebh seda seng, IGT Decl. ex. 548 . In n. pr. Fastaib mac Lonlongen, MacCongl. 77.21 . Of Christ's side: geguin ... tóeb án álaind Íssu, Fél. Oct. 23 . goin an taoibh, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 5. side of face, cheek: áille táobh nglan do ghrúaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1066.

(c) Hence by metonymy the human body, form: a toeb seng seta sidhamach, IT i 120.4 . inat mo thaeibh isin indsi-sea, Lism. L. 2438 . is tretholl do thaebh, TTebe 3599 . ceilt gach taoibh leabhair fa lic, Dán Dé xxv 13.

(d) Of hills, etc.: toéb Tailltenchláir, Ériu iv 98.7 . buinne milis a táobh tolcha, Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . Of a territory: im thaebaib Totham, SR 3104 . im tháebaib an talman da gach leth, RC xxiv 373.23 . is íad so a tháobha soir ┐ síar, Ezekiel xlviii 1 . Of a building: a t.¤ ind lis, TBC-LL¹ p. 673 . ar taebh in dunaidh, Stair Erc. 1167 . go taobh an tighe neamhdha, Dán Dé vi 6 . Of a vessel: a dorus assa firthoeb (of Ark), SR 2468 . im stuagach .i. cilorn .i. bis ┐ an stuag as a taib, Laws i 134.4 Comm. mar théid clár a taoibh thunna, Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . page (of book): isin scribtuir ... cia beth do thoib inti ... asa ṅgabtha nuimir, Rawl. 75a49 . cíall fhíre na taoibhe daille-so `of this obscure page,' ALC i 6 n. .

Various: i tóeb na gabla, LU 4808 . scéith ... co n-esnadaibh ... iarna tóebaib, TBFr. 40 . fa thaobh leice | do loighis, Dán Dé xvi 22 . ní bhearrfuid táobh a bhféasog, Levit. xxi 5.

Attrib. g s.: ar na sleasaibh taoibh `the side walls,' TD 11.17 . éadach taoibh ` shroud ,' A. Ó Dálaigh xli 9.

II In certain more abstract senses.

(a) side in a dispute argument, fight, etc.: cid he in cu risi ndechaid taib `the dog which he went to help,' Laws iii 196.12 . isin dreim sin ris i ndecha taebh the party whose side he takes, Eg. 88 fo. 29 ( O'Curry 2377.20 , 21 ). bí ar mo thaobh a Thríonóid, A. Ó Dálaigh iv 7 . feall taoibhe an untrustworthy companion, DDána 55.6 . an rí go n-a shluagh do thaoibh ┐ Guaire ... don leith oile, Keat. iii 927.

(b) direction, part, region: tighearna an taoibhe thoir do Cloinn Choiléín eastern part of, AFM v 1636.z . fo tháeb in talman an-des, RC xxiv 373.1 . d'ionnlach an taoibhe theas `the South ,' Content. xiii 34 . ós tú tóir an taoibhe `since Thou art the stay of Thy people,' A. Ó Dálaigh iv 7. do teilgeadh don t.¤ oile ... lucht oileamhna an iomarbhais were cast out (i.e. of heaven into hell), PBocht 16. 2 , see note. gidh bé taobh a niompoighionn, Proverbs xvii 8 .

(c) fine taíb, see taebfine.

(d) side, branch of family , see V (d) ii infra.

III trust, reliance, confidence (fri, later la in).

(a) ba hédána leis t.¤ fri Ciarán, SG 52.14 . toeb fri bennachtain `faith in a blessing,' Ériu vii 154.7 = ZCP iii 26.11 . ba t.¤ re tollairbe do thigearna t.¤ re ferglonnaib bar firlaech-si `trusting to a broken fence,' MR 126.9 ; cf. ZCP viii 203.15 , Content. viii 19 . taobh re guidhe fhir eile, Dán Dé vii 29 . ? To this: t'olc a dhuine as deaghtháobha | da ccuire ort aithmhéla, IGT Decl. ex. 1045.

(b) In phr. do-beir t.¤ fri trusts, confides in: fri corpthadid ... doberat iudei tóib, Wb. 15b2 . ní ní i n-Erind áin | risi tabraim thoéb, LU 9968 . on uaimh risa tartais taob, Anecd. ii 37 § 3 . tabhraidh taobh re sruith-nert, BNnÉ 308.6 . ZCP x 43.8 . do-beir t.¤ do x fri y entrusts x to y: suil do beradh taobh da bhaidh | le drochbreithir nD., Cog. 88.24 . riom-sa as mó dobheir Dia taobh | don naoidhin, BNnÉ 132.17 . But: tugsat taobh re Laighnibh a g-coigeadh féin dia n-eis `confided to the keeping of the Leinstermen,' ML 60.12 . With other verbs: leigim táobh riot mhuile dhochas, Parrth. Anma 294.11 . taebh leis rolamhusan, ZCP viii 206.19 . nocha raghaind [si] re taobh I would not rely on them, x 30.29 . urusa teacht ar a thaobh, ` trust in (?)' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiii 2. In the follg. exx. the sense may be the same, though various translations are given by editors: contardad tōeb fri muir `keeping along the sea,' Fianaig. 36.6 . ni rolam táeib ríu, acht tánic cách díb sech a chéile ` accost ,' TTr.² 454 . ni tucsad na mic righ Laighnecha taobh fris in nGiúsdís `did not side with,' ALC i 384.20 . is fri senchus ... dobeir int airecht t.¤ concerns itself with (?), ZCP xii 359.21 (cf. taebairecht). (?) o robtar anffuirithe do bertsat taobh friú acc airisiumh fri a n-orducchadh `turned aside from them,' AFM vi 2284.7 . tōeb frisin cocad núa | ni ḟulaing in senrūa ` awaiting ,' RC xiii 397.5 . ar ndul duit i gcré ... ní thiobhrainn riot taobh I would not lie with thee (?), DDána 8.9 .

(c) tae(i)b fri with adjectival force relying on, dependent on, hence having no other ... but (perh. orig. dat. of accompaniment): t.¤ re lēgenn cretrai is chīn, ACL iii 306 § 11 . go mbiodh féin taobh riu mar bheathadh depending on them for food, BNnÉ 165.34 . níor bho lór leis na tréinfhearaibh a bheith taobh ris na háládhuibh sin to have only those wounds, ML 88.11 . taobh re freagra ar labhradh leam | níor anais `you were not satisfied with answering what I said,' Content. viii 9 . nach taoibh ris an aon-bhás gcorpardha bhíd exposed not merely to the death of the body, TSh. 3851 . taoibh riú do thuarastal they have no other reward than these, 10128 . ná bí táobh ré do thuigsi féin `lean not unto thine own understanding,' Proverbs iii 5.

IV In various adverbial phrases:

(a) With following adverb anís, anuas, etc.: ┐ a leburbarc in t.¤ anís ┐ forran na tonn anuas from below, Aen. 246 . ó thá seanT. taobh thall, TD 17.14 . madh glan an corp don taoibh thall, Dán Dé xxvii 31 . taobh a sdigh, Donlevy xii 8.

(b) With cech on each, every side , in g s. or governed by preposition: ag amharc uaim gacha taobha , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1184 . do bhris hi gacha taebha, ITS xix 26.24 . do cach taibh ┐ do cach leth, TTebe 3619 (cf. 3773 ). dá bhféachadh neach ar gach taobh, Content. v 17.

(c) ón taíb co araile from one side to the other , Sc.M² 3.5 . cur-ua taobhtholl treghdai an (leg. ón ?) toebh co 'raill andsin P. through and through , TTebe 3824 .

(d) t.¤ fri t.¤ side by side, adjoining each other, together: atát ... a da fert táib fri táib and sin béus, LL 12b34 . toeb fri toeb is Muir Romuir on either side of M.R., Rawl. 78a9 . do druidsed na het(h)aidi ... t.¤ re t.¤ ... fīarut Érend, ZCP v 22 § 12 . call is abhall taobh re taobh, Dán Dé ix 24 . taobh ar taobh, PBocht 1.4 .

(e) d'aent.¤

(i) together, united: is d'oén(oén)taib bátar ind fir se hi cend Ulad, LU 3446 . dochuiretar sút a comuirli dēntáib chugat-sa, Fianaig. 84.17 . dom breith d'éantaoibh da thigh thuas `Who brings me with Him,' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 3 .

(ii) simultaneously: díth dá marcraidh mac úi Chaoimh | díth da nollamnaib d'aontaoibh, O'Gr. Cat. 444.8. gidh a nen taib doniter an toirneach ┐ an teinnteach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.9 .

(f) do th.¤ aside, laterally: romarb D. in dreim caém | iar comrac dáib and do thaeibh, LL 153b28 . cumal dire dibh do derbhbrathair, do taoibh `to a brother, collaterally,' Laws iv 258.19 Comm. sceinm do cul no do thaeib rebounding backwards or sideways (of a flail), v 158.10 , 12 Comm. , cf. iii 180.10 . dá mbeidís dá chonnsuine édtroma do tháoibh side by side , IGT Introd. 9.18 .

V In prepositional phrases.

(a) Without preposition or adverb: bíd measardha taoibh bídh ┐ díghe as regards , Corp. Astron. 70.17 , cf. 96.2 . taoibh na gcáilidheachta do-beir na comarthaidhe so do na créatúiribh on account of , 122.13 .

(b) With foll. adv. and prep. (a prep. frequently precedes as well): a fiacla ... don toéb muigh da mórchend outside , Fianaig. 64.15 . taobh astigh do se bliadhnuibh deug under twelve years of age, MS. Mat. 578.46 . don taobh eile d'Oirghiallaibh, TD 13.17 . do'n táibh tuas dinn above us, O'Gr. Cat. 291.38. taobh istigh dhe sin, TSh. 8958 . taobh astoigh dā gach nduine, Celtica iv 119 § 31 . ataid don taobh amuigh don Eaglais, Parrth. Anma 109.2 . Cf. taobh amuigh go n-admhamaoid ar gcreideamh, foillsighmíd · gurab criosdaidhedha sinn not only do we admit our faith, but we show, etc., 51.1 . don taibh amuich do peacadh marbta `a moins de pècher mortellement,' Études Celt. ii 290.7 .

(c) With preceding and following prep.: da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2226 . anaidh ann so ... d'entaibh rinne along with us, KMMisc. 319.2 . 's an ógh don taobh oile uaim, PBocht 18.5 .

With preceding preposition and following genitive or preceding possessive.

(d) With de (in some cases possibly do ?)

(i) beside, on one side of: a n-inad diamair ... do taibh in muighi, TTebe 3836 . do thoeb ele in ádnacthi, PH 2968 . a Tuillsci do t[h]aobh C[h]ruachan, ML² 2054 . anadh dá dtaobh let Him stay beside them, PBocht 3.24 . Cf. ní fachaidh sē ēnni do thaebh in tíre acht slūaigh armtha `over all the land,' ZCP vi 45.23 . méala ag teacht dá dtaobh `from them,' Aithd. D. 52.5 .

(ii) in regard to, with respect to, concerning (cf. is a himut t.¤ as dochar hē `in many respects it is injurious, Marco P. 24 ): do t.¤ na ngras n-imarcach tucc se do, BCC 378.29 . na tindlaicthe roarda do t.¤ an t-shaegail `too great endowments as regards the world,' 2.18 . pian trom do thaobh fhuachta torture by cold, DDána 32.33 . do thaobh toile willingly , 40.29 . an deithbhir atá idir na húghdaraibh seo do thaoibh an fhocail seo, Keat. i 102.93 . cuid don bheagán breise féin | do ghéabhthaoi libh do thaobh Néill `which you might find N. to have,' Content. v 118 . With reference to descent from one side or another of the family: do shliocht Eachdhach ... dó do thaoibh a athar on the father's side, Mart. Don. 260.4 . do thaoibh ban is dar mbunadh | Tomás Iarla Urmhumhan `on the female side,' Content. xxix 33 . don taobh 'n-ar dhuine an Dúileamh, DDána 23.4 .

(iii) on account of, as a result of: do thaobh a mbrathairsi re aroile, AFM iii 634.12 . do thaob tnútha `from jealousy,' Content. vi 77 . is mór da thaoibh t'oirbhire `great contempt hast thou therefor,' Ir. Monthly 1919, 344 § 72 . gibé thí do thaobh t'eachtra `whatever comes of thy venture,' Studies 1921, 74 § 10 . gach ní órduigheas an eagluis da th.¤ sin `for that purpose,' Donlevy 314.12 .

(iv) from, having regard to: cobhair dá taobh sireadh sé `let him ask help of her,' Studies 1927, 439 § 21 . tig do thaobh na hannsachta | a bhreath broide `from very love,' PBocht 11.1 . mar is follus do thaoibh Elias, TSh. 8433 . tuigthe do thaobh an tsoisgéil ... go mbia, PBocht 14.1 .

(v) do thaoibh Eibhir ... tarla an t-oirfideach `to E. fell the musician,' Studies 1920, 98 § 6 . díon cháigh is dá taobh tarla `the world's salvation is with her,' 1932, 242 § 3 .

(e) With fri (ré, la).

(i) beside, near: bróenán fola ... la toeb crand, LU 3839 . fri toeb in chuirp, PH 811 . le taobh an roid near the highway, BNnÉ 253.13 . ri for bith fria thaebh `any king on his frontiers,' Marco P. 127 . núall ri táeb reilcci, ZCP v 496 § 4 = Measgra D. 42 § 4.

(ii) along, by the side of: tancatar na sluaig fri t.¤ na Glassi, TBC-LL¹ 1582 . snidig banna la t.¤ na columna, PH 6356 - 61 . roelus mo enur uaithib re t.¤ in mara (`to the sea'), TTebe 2054 .

(iii) as well as, in addition to, besides: ré taoibh a bhiata (sic leg.) don t-sluagh, TBC-LL¹ 6114 . cuic seoit re taob sin, Laws i 104.13 Comm. la taobh gacha maithesa oile, AFM i 534.8 . re t.¤ conad greit rig is brathair bailcc duinne in addition to being, Fél.² ciii 32.

(iv) in comparison with, compared with: clú maithesa ní mhaídh neach | re taíbh maithesa Muimhnech, IGT Decl. ex. 1007 . ré thaoibh gá mo míorbhuile `what greater miracle is there than that?' Dán Dé vi 41 .

(v) with respect to: in cutruma ro hícfaitsim re t.¤ sin amach `in respect of it,' Laws iii 160.14 . cóir do ghabh Torna ré dtaoibh | do seacht gceathrair `T. took the right course in reference to your twenty-eight kings,' Content. iv 44.

(vi) tucus ri toeb crīche cia hēraic bad mó `I left it to the choice of the territory which eric would be greater,' PRIA iii 3rd ser. 552 § 43 ( LL 147a50 ). ? narap dál bas sía | ra táib dia dénaid, SG 377.6 (= RC xiii 76.6 `let there be no agreement more lasting than that which ye make'). la tóeb na llā lān-garit `throughout the all too short days' ( in anticipation of ?), Ériu vii 2.8 . maircc don fhine téid re a thaoibh `woe to the sept that sides with him,' ZCP x 32.10 .

(f) With i n-.

(i) beside, near: cocairse cach ae dib hi taíb alaile, LU 8601 (FB) `the harmonious adjustments of each of them beside the other,' ZCP iii 419 . bruigen F.M. a taebh Luscai, Sc.M² R § 1.12 .

(ii) as regards, with respect to: atcūalaidh ... beccān do brīathraib slānaighibh 'na thaibh-siumh `as regarded him,' RC xxv 394.11 . a los tnútha i dtaoibh eagnaigh `your jealousy of him as a sage,' Content. x 25 . re bhfuil im thaobh `of all my conduct,' PBocht 1.25 . i dtaobh ar seinchion as a result of , Aithd. D. 66.19 . bheith san guasacht a mbātor a ttaep se(ac)hrāin ┐ aineōluis ┐ teirce dighe, Fl. Earls 10.31 .

(iii) cuir mo mheanma i dtaoibh [do] thoile `set my mind upon thy love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 3 ( O'Gr. Cat. 539.11 ). féagh libh an dtuilltir na taobh `see if ye merit at her hands,' A. Ó Dálaigh iii 1. a d'taobh me fhágbáil cómh fada a b-péinn, Oss. vi 96.12 .

(g) With imm (fo): fo taob mic foesaim in favour of (?), Laws ii 282.16 Comm. feran eclasa, cid fo taobh tuaithe, cid fo taob ecalsa in respect of (?), v 316.3 Comm. (cf. ii 30.23 Comm. ). firtuiges he fo t.¤ anfine o flaith eachtrand `on the side of an extern,' v 462.15 Comm. fam thaobh is tráth síodha `'tis time for peace with me,' A. Ó Dálaigh iv 1.

(h) With ó: ó dhá thaoibh nó a trí `on more than one account,' Aithd. D. 100.9 .

(i) With tri: is tria n-a táib tucsat na claidib in Furbaide on account of her (?), LL 125a3 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤ammus flank attack: ga ttacmaing ┐ ga ttimchealladh ... gá ttaobhammus (sic leg.), AFM vi 2056.26 . ? ¤chomach: denam a forgneama iter tigib ┐ t. ` out-houses ,' Hy Maine 90.12 . ¤druimm side of the back: claideb ... iarna th., TBC-LL¹ 5389 = iarna formnai, TBC-I¹ 3287 . ¤gael: an taobh-ghaol thall do thiormuigh `His heart-love,' Ir. Monthly 1928, 439 § 20 . ¤glaine purity of body: tāebgloine an tālgadha, ZCP viii 200.21 . ¤imell border, boundary: dar taeb-imlib in betha, MR 112.14 . ¤léim jumping aside: an inmhe is each fíorchaillteach | ní haoinreim dha heurma soin | taoibhléim deunmha 'na deaghaidh, L. Cl. A. B. 172.8 . ¤ler: a th. nach te `ruffled surface' (of a lake), Metr. Dinds. iii 378.19 . ¤lerg sloping side: fo tarrib t. tuignech, Auraic. 5152 . ¤letrad hacking the side, body: na cailleacha ... 'ga thaebhledragh, Ériu iii 166.21 . ¤lot wounding the side, body: ag toghail troch 'gá dtaobhlot, TSh. 6633 . Of bad weather injuring a horse, 2562 . Of a boat, 734 . a tír uile agá taoblot, Caithr. Thoirdh. 10.9 . ¤lomradh shearing, devastating: tír T. do taobhlomrad, Caithr. Thoirdh. 17.3 . ¤rád: gan taobrádh ag duine ar a degheinech `no man sought with sidelong hints to fleck his honour,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 31.31 . ¤rigne sluggishness: an t-each ... dá mbeith ... taoibhrighne innte, TSh. 10668 . ¤shnám swimming on the side: ic culshnámh ┐ ic t. ┐ ic traigirsnám, Acall. 3212 , cf. 3785 . ? ¤tidrone: la t. Cormaic `um C. zu verspotten (?),' ZCP xiii 254.11 . ¤thomus side measurement: tri athcomairc cech doruis | cain glanthogairt toebtomuis, SR 462 . ¤thrácht: do toeb-tracht in tened hearth (?), BDD 155.10 . ¤thurtaid: culturtaid ┐ t. ... in aith ` side-striking ,' Laws iii 224.1 . ¤ucht breast: ar tonnaibh an taobhochta, Studies 1932, 433 § 5 .

Other nominal compds. treated separately.

(b) With adjj. ¤adbal huge-sided, spacious: do threb thóeb-adbal, Metr. Dinds. iii 350.44 . drong tóeb-adbal, SR 8253 . ¤álaind fair-sided: conice in tulaigh taebalaind, Acall. 2803 note . fúathróc ... thaebalaind, TTr. 1541 . ¤balc strong-sided: a fhir ... | cosa thathig tond taebalc, LL 211b44 (but see Metr. Dinds. iii 426.2 s.v. taet). ¤chirrthe having the body hacked, wounded: ba tren talchar taebchirrthi rocuired in chuibleng sin, Aen. 2015 . tren-fhir thaeb-chirrthi, MR 238.24 . ¤chorr: tolcha taobhchorra ` smooth-sided ,' Studies 1920, 568 § 20 . ¤chúrtha wounded in the side: tesgtha taobhchurtha, Comp. CC 126.21 . ¤daingen firm-sided: eathar ... taobh-dhaingean, TD 7.37 . ¤dána lit. bold-sided: na secht nime ... gebaid tene toebdana | otha thurcbail co fuined, SR 8263 . ¤dein pure-sided: greni fri turcbail toebdein, SR 4434 . ¤derg red-sided: ar n-a loscud o na haithindib taeb-derga, TTebe 3146 . ar thindib taeb-derga ... tellaig, MR 238.8 . ¤díllid (?): mar táid na litre 'na línibh | 'na sráid thilte thaoibh-dhíllidh, Ériu v 58.100 . ¤donn brown-sided: na mbeann dtaobhdhonn, TD 28.22 . ¤dorcha dark-sided: is tiugha taebdorchai tonna srotha Ismen, TTebe 3602 . ¤étrocht bright-sided: barruachtar a tonn tulgorm taebedrucht, CCath. 870 . ¤fota long-sided, tall (of persons): maccán Eithne tóebfhotta, Trip. 150.12 = Three Hom. 98.30 . toebfota Temrach long-sided one of Tara (Niall Nóigiallach), RC xxiv 192.6 . ¤ḟrémach: tamhan ... taeb[ḟ]remach widely rooting, MR 98.13 . ¤gel white-sided, bright-sided, fair in form: a Dauid toebgil, SR 6366 . a theglach toebgel, 7594 . rith find fris' tóibgel tondat, Imr. Brain 4 . acc brisedh tor ttaobhgheal ┐ caislén ccomdaingen, AFM v 1658.27 . ¤gerrtha hacked: ina ttamhnaibh taoibhgherrtha, AFM v 1758.15 . ¤glan pure-sided, fair-sided: Temuir thōibglan, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.7 . for tractaib taeb-glanna, TTr. 1146 . tonda ... taebglana, TTebe 3532 . os ferlannaib ... in prephir taeb-glain, MR 112.11 . ¤glas green-sided: dar rian re[i]dmas tond dian t., Anecd. i 68 § 159 . ort a t. a tulach, Acall. 739 n. . ¤gorm blue-sided: asa truaill taebguirm, TTebe 974 . ¤grind: tech mór fo thalmain t., Metr. Dinds. iii 246.68 v.l. (-tirim text). ¤lán pregnant: ocus si thaeb-lan torrach, Metr. Dinds. ii 74.50 . ¤lasamain, ¤lasamna side-flaming: teni taidlech taeb-lasamna, TTebe 2221 . na tenti t., 2256 . ¤lebar slender-sided: am égni tháeib-leaphur, Anecd. i 28 § 26. torc taeibhleabar, Acall. 1555 . ¤lethan broad-sided: don chrích ... thaoibhleathain, TD 26.18 . ¤nembán: gnúis taoibhneambán rosy-cheeked , TD 28.26 . ¤nocht bare-sided, naked: cia beo i ngortai, ciam toebnocht, SR 1540 . atai co truag ┐ co t., MacCarthy 62.15 . uair nocho n-aenlocht cen on | is taebhnocht i trefocul, Auraic. 2078 . ¤nuaide fresh, young: dá dhreich thaobhnuaidhe, DDána 109.16 . a cuaine taobhnaoidhe tais, Ó Bruad. iii 54.11 . ¤réid smooth-sided: a Teamraigh taoibhréidh, Ériu viii 85.101 . ¤rigin sluggish, slothful: da raibhe taoibh-righin i saothrughadh na subháilceadh, TSh. 10671 . ¤ruad red-sided: Eó Tortan táeb-rúad, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.28 . ¤scaílte having wounded sides: comdaís taebh-scaílti ... colla na curadh ` side-gaping ,' MR 302.23 . ¤sheng slender-sided: dia treib toeb[sh]ing, LL 7b2 . múr gainmech fo thuind tóeb-sheiṅg, Metr. Dinds. ii 46.6 . Tadhg taoibhsheng, ZCP viii 221.6 . Of land: tír táebsheng, FDG² 21.658 . ¤shlemain smooth-sided: tarbh ... taeipslemain, CCath. 4788 . do tighibh taeibhshlemhnu, 5823 . ¤shnoighthe lopped (?): coill o a tortaibh taobsnoighthe, ZCP ii 349.4 . ¤sholus bright-sided: dom triath talchur táob-ṡolus, LL 385b14 . dá drong dég ... ar in treib tolgmóir taebsoluis, SG 249.15 . ? ¤taisean: o ri Temrach t., BB 281a41 (cf. Leb. Cert. 254 ). ¤thana thin-sided, slender-sided: co n-immud tond tóebthana, Metr. Dinds. iii 262.38 . edach t., Leb. Cert. 250.14 . ¤thescaigthe side-cut, having the sides wounded: gur ba taebhtheascaighi treoin da treas, CF 554 . ¤thirim dry-sided, dry-sloped: la ri Temrach taebthirma, BB 46b24 . co mbidis na d-taiseandaibh tartaighe taeb-thiorma, MR 102.5 . ¤tholl having perforated, wounded sides , IT ii1 183.235 . curua taobhtholl treghdai, TTebe 3824 . ¤threbraid having plaited (?) sides: do thimsugad luirech ... t., MR 224.8 . ¤throm heavy-sided, stout: in talum taebthromm, KMMisc. 158.140 . re torcaibh taebhtroma, Acall. 915 . Treblann taebhtrom stately (?), ZCP xiii 174.4 . Stair Erc. 510 . Of women pregnant: fúair a bhean taebhtrom torrach, Imr. Brain (Comp. Mong.) 61.3 . ZCP xiii 197.7 . ¤uaine green-sided, —sloped: arin muir torthaig taebúaine, Acall. 6260 . ilar tonn taebhuaine, CCath. 308 . do tolcha t., IT ii2 127.143 . ¤uar cold-sloped: a tulchaib taebuara T., TTebe 2656 . Tlachtga togha nar thaeb-fhuar `not chill was her bosom,' Metr. Dinds. iv 186.18 = ZCP xiv 159.14 .

2 tend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 tend or dil.ie/40490
Last Revised: 2013

n o IGT Decl. § 63.

I

(a) strength, severity, force: ní t.¤ forngari dlegar dosom forsuidiiu `he should not lay upon such persons strict injunctions,' Mon. Tall. 160.20 . ni geba tuaignim ri tenn thou wilt not win vaulted Heaven for all thy effort (?), Bruchst. i 30 § 67 . Cf. DDána 37.40 . bai dias dib co n-ilar t.¤ | rogabsad rigi nEreand, BB 42b22 . mairg Troianu ara tairsitis t.¤ , Aen. 189 . o na tarraidh Aenias t.¤ for Tuirnn `did not get home an attack on,' 3077 . doberat t.¤ comraic do A., TTr.² 509 . cusan tenn ┐ cusan tairisi ... ro bui ic P. `strength,' CCath. 5770 . meabhaidh maidhm forra gusan tenn ┐ gusan tairisiomh baoi leo in spite of their strength, Hugh Roe 156.27 .

(b) hardship, stress, difficulty; battle (?): cingid dar firu in cach tind (? battle), LU 3830 . ni thabair a thraigid fri t.¤ | na dingaib dfheraib h-Erend, TBC-LL¹ 1637 . in trath fa t.¤ nir bo thim `when there was battle he was not feeble,' Ériu v 244.206 . fúar mór t.¤ sech cech n-erlam, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 3 . trēn ra cach tenn in triar, Rawl. 138a10 . toirbheartus do thuair teann `a gift that boded hardship,' Studies 1921, 258 § 6 . mairg ..., tárla idir an dá theann sin (i.e. wind and sea), ML 48.5 .

(c) warrior: t.¤ .i. laech, LU 457 . a thind ┐ a threnfhir, TTr. 827 . a t.¤ ┐ a trenfer .i. Hectoir, 2088 .

(d) In phrases. i t.¤ fri pressed against: ba he dichracht in teichid commitis i teand re grian ... in t[sh]rotha aca falach `pressing against the gravel,' TTebe 3514 . Cf. co torchair ┐ t.¤ a droma re lar `with the breadth of his back on the ground,' 3143 . ōs do chind cen chleith robói i tind fri cloich `she was in travail against a stone,' PRIA iii 3rd. ser. 546 § 6 (1893-6) . le t.¤ by dint of: le teann doilbhthe draoigheachta, GJ iii 122a42 . t.¤ fri (i) t.¤ force against force, conflict, a match for: ait a tarad t.¤ ri tenn `where force was brought against force,' Ériu v 246.242 . ní cluchi mad tind ri tuind (? leg. tind), ix 48 § 24 . da tuca dún t.¤ fri t.¤ , CRR 54.16 . ris na ríoghaibh uaibh do b'fhearr | ódchí ar mbeith-ne teann re teann `that we can match your best kings,' Content. v 140 . nirb áil don rig ┐ don rigain cusa rancaibair tullem ecraiti frib a tind hi t.¤ , LU 8980 ( FB 73 ). mairg tochras fri clerchib cell, | mairg doni riu t.¤ i t.¤ , YBL 173a14 . an chalann chriadh teann i dteann | 's an t-anam riamh 'na dhá rann ` in opposition ,' Dán Dé xxiii 36 . mairg re mbiadh do theann i dteann `the man with whom thy power conflicts,' Aithd. D. 5.15 . ba (i.e. Brian) t.¤ iar t.¤ `he was valour after valour,' Cog. 100.24 .

II

(a) power, authority: tugadh dhi teann an tíre power over, Aithd. D. 11.32 . fiche bliadhain ... | d'Fhiacha Fh. i dteann, Content. xxx 11 . bean lér toibhgheadh teann a fir, A. Ó Dálaigh iii 2. theacht i dteann `growth in power,' Studies 1939, 635 § 26 . ní bhiadh teann na nGall dár bhfógradh, ITS iii 182.8 (1st ed.). t.¤ ar power, authority over: teann na hóighe ar eidhre nDé, Aithd. D. 63.6 . ro sir se t.¤ ┐ tigernus ar Mac nDiarmata, Ann. Conn. 1315.7 . is maith an teann dam ar do Dhia | bheith ameasg a chliar `it is a good claim for me on thy God,' Oss. iv 60.9 . Criomhthann ... fuair teann | ar iaith Alban is Éireann `swayed the lands ...,' Keat. ii 5727 . gaibid t.¤ (ar, i) gains power, authority over, in (a country): orra do ghabh Tuathal teann, Content. v 102 . nír ghabh nert na tenn innti, AU ii 316.3 . loscthi mora do denam doib, ┐ nir gabsat do thenn is tir acht mad sin nama, Ann. Conn. 1276.2 . do gab tenn forra gan a indisin do neoch `he charged them to tell no one,' Celt. Rev. ii 302.y . nir gabatar tenn ar in turas sin `prevailed not,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 134.x .

(b) t.¤ as confidence, trust, pride in: ionnus nach cóir déanamh tinn | as roinn Eireamhóin d'Éirinn, Content. v 15 . déanamh teinn | ... a beathaidh Fhéidhlim, vi 247 . mó ar dteann as a thrócaire, PBocht 17.6 . nách cóir | teann as glóir dá méid, Dánta Gr. 79.4 . Cf. i gcriaidh ní cóir teann, DDána 8.7 . ? To this: ar anumhla téid mo th.¤ | ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim stubbornness, obstinacy (?), IGT Decl. ex. 311.

III Various: nocho chuirther i cend Ailig t.¤ acht Temair ` stronghold ,' Metr. Dinds. iv 114.85 . tabair tenna ┐ trebaire damsa guarantees and sureties (for a promise), LB 116a5 . is ed fa t.¤ ag T. `this was the intention T. had,' TTebe 1038 . ní ar slāinti chúaidh dóibh an feolmhach sin, 's gan tenn arāin aca when they had no bread to go with it (?), Cín Lae Ó Meall. 29.27 . cuir tenn fo bragaid an eich, ┐ ligedh cuisli cham bis a cois na sul 'put a support (? a tourniquet) around the horse’s neck ' Celtica ii 46 § 6 = [cuir] raod ecin go tenn fa brágit an eich, ┐ ligther cuisle cam bis a cois na sul, 34 § 6 .

? Here also: cedna toissech tricheim tenn | reia macaibh Miled mortenn `the first chief who lighted a blaze,' Bodl. Dinds. 22 . 's truagh nach léir damh a beanna | gidh gnáth a dteanna dearga ` fire, beacon ' (Gloss.), Keat. Poems 12 . Cf. tendál.

2 túar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 túar or dil.ie/42205

n Perh. same wd. as 1 túar, q.v. IGT Decl. § 96 (129.z) . Verbs § 75 .

(a) cultivation, preparation, tilling of land: rechtge fri tuar toraid, Críth G. 523 . atá Temhair gan a t.¤ (in lament), ACL iii 304 III § 6 . gan tūar gan treabaire, ZCP viii 201 § 12 . olc m'ar ┐ olc mo thuar | isam gort nach gabh a shíol, DDána 42.16 . meisde an corp a thuar go trom (`the body is none the more beautiful for a heavy produce'), Aithd. D. 80.32 . nī thabair gilla ar a gart | tūar mar thorad na mbennacht, ACL iii 244 § 2 (`no husbandman raises on his land a crop like that of those blessings,' Aithd. D. 49.2 ). na braoin do fhear d'fhuil an chroidhe | ar chloinn Ádhaimh trom an tuar, Aithd. D. 77.4 . laoidh treabhthar gan tuar `a mere song,' PBocht 7.14 .

(b) manuring of land, manure: ar in tuar amach i mbelltuine, uair nocha nesum iartain in tuar muna derntur é fo cetóir turning cattle on to land to manure it (?) (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 61 ( H 3.17, 53 ). mása fhual no tuar do rioghnedh ar in bferaind, O'D. 783 ( H 3.17, 562 ). má do rona in fer tall tuar no ailech for in ferand, O'D. 1670 ( H 5.15, 25b ). cona tur .i. cona tuar dligtech air a foghmur `with its lawful manure upon it in the harvest time,' Laws ii 240.6 Comm. a dualgas fhuail no thuair frith in fearand, iii 48.x . mas do thuar no dailech fair do rattadh [in ferann] `for manure or dung,' iv 132.17 Comm. comairmi itir in mbiadh ┐ in tuar ┐ in los ┐ in mblicht, O'D. 292 ( H 3.17, 231 ). ? as na colla, ┐ los na laogh, ┐ gert in tuar `and the milk of the `tuar'-fold,' Laws ii 200.2 Comm. (see Stokes Laws Crit. 13 ). treba na Teibi do thuar d'apaigib bar corp, TTebe 1325 . déin tuar ┐ aoileach do chum leasuighthe do ghabháltuis, PCT 585.

(c) a cultivated field, tilled land: céin uér ar tuár in domhuin `as long as I am on the field of the world,' Ériu ii 92 § 3 . gartghlanadh a tuair `the weeding of its soil,' Aithd. D. 50.31 . do dhearg tuar bhos mbairrleabhar ` lea ,' 65.29 . an tuar grás dan geamhar sinn, 66.29 . grian gan tes, tuar gan turad, O'Gr. Cat. 381.20. buain re leonadh treana ár dtuair, Ó Bruad. iii 204.12 . cécht ag lenmuin do leirg thúair a tilled slope, IGT Decl. ex. 511 . síol tuair, Aithd. D. 58.15 . a fhoichne glan tolcha thuair `tilled hillside' (note to 80.32 ), 97.26 . fríth do thráigh le tolchaibh tuair, L. Cl. A. B. 224.116 . slán óm chroidhe dá cuantaibh | slán fós dá tuarthaibh troma, Keat. Poems 26 (` dry land ', Gloss.).

? Cf. robanad imi ... mar lenid ar na lantuar `like a fully bleached smock,' TTebe 3366 (tuar ` bleach-yard ,' P. O'C. ).

See 2 túr.