Search Results

Your search returned 34 result(s).

airec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airec or dil.ie/1890

 

o, gender uncertain, see GOI p. 448 . Vn. of ar-icc. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 .

(a) act of finding, obtaining; acquiring: ordd airic fil fuiri gl. x . . . quae nouissime a Latinis assumpta post omnes ponitur, Sg. 4b9 . Cf. ord arric crutha na ndul, Laws i 26.6 Comm. ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu `for its being found in the second declension', Sg. 106b20 . re n-a.¤ éta ┐ω gl. sicut etiam apud antiquissimos Graecorum erant ante inuentionem η et ω, 5a11 . is cuit airicc camai ni gaib airechas gl. inuenio igitur legem resistentem uolenti mihi facere bonum, Wb. 3d8 . is suaichnid sund tra as rect maid asmbeir do airiuc túas gl. legi Dei, 10 . a.¤ .i. faghail, ut est a.¤ cinn Johannis ( Fél. Feb. 27 ), O'Dav. 75 . is andso fri ha.¤ `it is difficult to acquire' (of learning a game), Ériu v 30 z . cuithchi airricc `a pitfall', vii 152.16 .

(b) act of inventing, devising; invention, contrivance, plan: aireacc .i. inntleacht, O'Cl. ēces .i. . . . ēcmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ fáth airicc the cause of composition, Fél. 2 . fath airic, Laws i 26.9 . caide loc ┐ aimser ┐ persu ┐ fath airic in ogaim? BB 308b44 . fāth airicc a dēnma .i. do díchor in luin crāeis, MacCongl. 3.10 . ros-bendach Dia na dúile ┐ ro faillsig fáth a n-airicc the reason for their creation, Fél. 2.33 . issed cethardha ara taisilbthar int psailm alis personis: airecc intliuchta ┐ gnathugad cetail . . . inventiveness of mind, Hib. Min. 5.160 . frith airecc ingnadh ┐ elada firglicc le muintir C., CCath. 2139 . dognítis airci druadh ┐ brechta nua, 3956 . dus cred aireacc do ghendais da saoradh ar dhilinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 10.7 . in fuigbi airicc dī tresa roised in tarb do comaentugud fria . . . is í airig forfuair in cerd .i. bó cranda do dhénum dhí . . ., ZCP iv 238.27 . conidh edh airecc fuairset cuibhrighi do chur fair (of conspirators), BNnÉ 296 § 30 . is e airic arancatar Greic each cranda do denum plan, Aen. 416 . bá sé airecc ar rainicc lais celcc do indell, AFM vi 1976.y . ba hi so . . . oirecc pene nua fogebthea forru a new means of inflicting pain, LB 156b55 . ? aireg .i. sgíath, ut est Táin: mo a.¤ dam a Láigh or C., Ériu xiii 64 § 34 . aireac .i. sgiath, Stowe Gl. 23 . arach .i. sciath, 200 . ? deil i na.¤ laime, O'Curry 591 ( H 3.18, 291 ). See Lochlann ii 211 . In cheville: amru aireg, Anecd. i 57 § 61 . In phrase A.¤ menman device, plan, project: basedh aireag menman arriocht la hUa nD. `this was the plan adopted by O'D.', Hugh Roe² 168.6 (fo. 43a) . conad hi a.¤ menman forfhuair `project', Marco P. 191 . ba mor . . . aireg meanman na mban so resourcefulness, Leb. Gab.(i) 158 n.8 . contuiled cach n-aidchi oca comaidecht do airic menman conda thainic a sult ┐ a feth `he used to sleep every night by her side comforting her', Ériu xii 156.3 (TE2). In title of a tale: a.¤ Menman Uraird Maic Coisse, Anecd. ii 42 ; `Verstandes-Erfindung', Heldensage 21 .

(c) providing, supplying (food, entertainment, etc.): trian a toraid cacha bliadna doratsat fria haireac (of a feast), BB 255a41 . dochōid for m'einech . . . a.¤ (tairec v.l.) co A. ┐ M. co mbúaib, ZCP iv 44.29 ( TBFr. 363 ). oc airiuc don t-ṡlúag os a cind, IT i 67.3 (LMU). coma hairec(h) aibhnisa d'ocaibh . . . eisteacht . . . , pleasure , BB 257b15 . Esp. in phrase a.¤ tuile waiting on, pleasing, satisfying , see tol I (d).

(d) act of determining, guiding: luamhaire . . . do a.¤ no do fhollamnacht na hecalsa, Lism. L. 2741 . doréir in tsenaidh ┐ airicc in popoil `by the will of the senate and the finding of the people', CCath. 76 .

1 arbar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 arbar or dil.ie/3972

 

Forms: arbe, arbaimm, arbim, arbair, arbur, arbuir, arbair, arburacha, arbhar, arbha, arbhanda

n n, n. (r in n a s., n in remaining cases, see GOI § 333 ). g s. arbe, Wb. 10d6 . d s. arbaimm, Críth G. 116 . arbim, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 57 § 29 . Later also g s. arbair, Keat. ii 5232 . d s. arbur, LL 187c9 . n p. ? arbuir, Corm. Y 851 . arbair, ALC i 548.20 . arburacha, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 7.21 . arbhar m. (g s. arbha. n p. arbhanda), IGT Decl. § 177 .

Grain, corn: glac arba gl. glaneta, Ir. Gl. 213 . broth [.i.] arbor, Corm. Y 523 . a n-arbór / as dech di lossaib talman, Trip.² 2188 . ber-siu lat an arbor, LL 285b24 . grán arbae (arba v.l.), Críth G. 254 . ass ┐ grús nó arbur, 44 . iter brothcan ┐ ass ┐ arbhar (a monk's rations), BNnÉ 300 § 3 . cid tuige cid a.¤ , Laws ii 240.28 Comm. daise arba, i 166.28 . miach arba bid, v 90.16 Comm. in lethairde bís itir na harbannaib, O'D. 1562 (H 5.15, 3a), i.e. the different qualities of seed corn, Plummer MS notes. ní tháinic . . . granni i n-arbur, RC xiii 462 § 66 . deachmhadh mh'eallaigh ┐ m'arbha, DDána 25a.7 . síoth-mhagh gá tarbha na thuinn / do dhíothchor arbha an ḟearainn, Content. xxx 28 . In pl. crops: aithgin na tri narband, Laws iii 264.15 Comm. do buain arbann, CCath. 4914 . roloisc a mbalti ┐ a n-arbanna, Ann. Conn. 1262.5 . iar milleadh neith (= neich) dia n-arbhannaibh, AFM ii 1068.13 .

as-toídi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-toídi or dil.ie/4534

 

Forms: attóided, astóidi, attóit, at(t)oídiud

v ( ad-(? aith-)-toíd-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 650 ). See GOI 496 - 497 . Shines through or forth, appears; becomes clear, intelligible . Glosses a variety of Lat. verbs: attóided gl. virtús tua innotescat, Ml. 56c3 . huand aisṅdís astoidi gl. innotescente hoc nuntio, 115d3 . turgent .i. attoit (astaid, MS; astoid v.l.), Thes. ii 47.10 . turgent .i. astoidet, 362.7 . bolca finda són astoitis for corpaib inna ndoine gl. erumpere, Ml. 99a4 . Of sound: ástóidi gl. aut cimbalum tinniens, Wb. 12b28 . teagdais i naghathar in fuilech formag cnete astuide tretan no eass no all, BCrólige 23 and n. astoided fogur in gotha amal gair sloigh, Ériu ii 100 § 8 . Generally shines, glitters, sparkles: astóidi gl. pellucet (quasi lanterna punica), Sg. 24a15 . na rind astoidet gl. signa radientia, Ml. 2a14 . astoidi do int soilse bís inna medón `radiates to him', 40c15 . intí istai[di] foirithin amail aibell (gl. aibellteoir), O'Dav. 86 . astoidi fri haidchi amal roithne gréne (of a well), Ériu ii 114 § 39 . atoidiud rind astoidiu asa blathaib, 118 § 54. astoidi da mhagh decc fo thoibaib talman i lles cach aidhche, 122 § 64 . ni attoidi for lar talman ligdath na laindred na atoidet asa n-eitib, 126 § 90 . ni thainic talmain ligdath na attoidet assa sciathaibh, 128 § 92 . astoidet a foilt ┐ a cuirp amal snechtae, 130 § 99 . intan astoidet .ix. ngraid nimhe . . . astoidet anmann inna noeb fon n-oin cosmailius, 142 § 155 . astoiditis a blatha amal grein (of a tree), 120 § 60 . astōidfa frit, sét collí / finnc[h]uäch mo deogbairi, Fianaig. 14.5 . coma hairgi astoid on tsliasaid co 'raill . . . in birbodba sin, TTebe 4502 .

Part. attóit, Sg. 60a9 .

Vn. at(t)oídiud.

bláth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bláth or dil.ie/6086
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: blas

n u and o, m., IGT Decl. § 38.

(a) flower, blossom: in cróib n-arggait fua b.¤ ḟind `with white blossoms', Imr. Brain 2. di bolod ┐ blath na lubi, LU 10641 ( TE 130.26 ). errach cen blathu `without flowers', RC xxvi 46 § 231. iarmibebat blatha, § 242 ( Rawl. 111b42 ). ac tebersin a mbláith ┐ a nduille `dropping their blossoms', Ériu iii 156 § 9. bolad . . . dia blathaib, ii 118 § 52 . concanad a bile ┐ a blaith fri tethacht na ngaeth, § 54. b.¤ na dercan, Airne F. 50. tuigithir blath inbith, Ériu xxii 41.z. ar a blath `for its (sc. the elm's) bloom ', Auraic. 5620. duille ┐ b.¤ ┐ mess, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.7 . blatha na fínemna, PH 4242. (of a miracle) in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath trómm, 1318 . na luibe ┐ na blata . . . ro loisced iad a comurta idbarta, Grail 3096 . an chnú ní 'n-a b.¤ beantair `in blossom', Dán Dé vii 15 . in brága mar b.¤ air- neadh, Ériu iv 218.6 . a mbeól a bláith beginning to flower, IGT Decl. ex. 992. teist . . . an fhéir nó an bhláith, Keat. Poems 698. i n-aimsir an bhlátha `in the spring', Keat. iii 526 . (plant name) nenufar .i. blath uisgce water-lily , C IV 2, 31 rb z .

Fig. (Brigit) in chróib co mbláthib, Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). (of the Blessed Virgin) ar n-éanchoillne fa bh.¤ `blooming hazel-tree', Aithd. D. 72.5 . (of Jesus) b.¤ fréimhe na fírinne, 75.40 . b.¤ fréime maicne Mílid `the flower of M'.s progeny', O'Gr. Cat. 372.10. cin blath na ndegním, Grail 1467 . (name of a metal) litairgi[r]um .i. blath in luaidhe `flower of lead', ACL i 328 § 88.

In follg. perh. fragrance: as follus nach as a blasannaib na as a mblathaib athainter naduiri na corp nadurtha ` odour ', Ir. Astr. Tr. 72.2 . ? ní-tháinic a-talmain fín is-comaith bladh ris, RC xxiv 376.14 (perh. leg. blas with Ériu ii 118 § 54 ).

(b) In other fig. or extended applications. bloom, (bright) colour; flourishing appearance, condition: olcus a blatha `his ill colour', Mon. Tall. 159.22 . ni bu messa de a blath, Vita B. 5. etach maith immi. b.¤ maith fair, LL 14558. b.¤ bruinne bran sheen (?), Ériu ix 46 § 14. b.¤ óir ara fhoircettlaibh (a saint), BNnÉ 281 § 267 . deich n-eich a n-uair blátha bladaig `in their prime and fame', Leb. Cert.² 120. ba maith blāth in claideb lat `see that the sword is kept in good condition' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 934. do bh.¤ do chríon, a cholann beauty , DDána 1.15 . re faghbháil bháis do bh.¤ na hóige, Keat. Poems 130. co mblathaibh .i. co subhaltaibh, Stowe Gl. 261 , cf. 246 . (of salvation) dar bpeacadh do bhean a bh.¤ , DDána 3.21 . biaid cach mí dó inna b.¤ every month shall be prosperous for him (the just prince), ZCP xi 87 § 52. a b.¤ . . . ┐ a beathamnass `her prosperity . . . and her supplies', Ériu iv 148.1 . a hana, a himmed, a blátha, a bēta, 162.31 . séan 'n-a bhládh, DDána 93.28 . In phr. bláth banda menstruation : mailli re fuil mista darub comhainm asin innsgni choitc[inn] an blath banda .i. mar na tabhraid na craind torad gan blath as mar sin na tabhraid na mna torad coir gan blath, Irish Texts v 14.17 . do chifi an bean gnathaighes sin an blath banda, Irish Texts v 18y .

Compds. With adj. forsin ngas mbiroir mblathguirt of bitter-flowered watercress, Fél.² lxxxix 36. With nouns. blaith-bhile borrfadach Breagh `proud-blossomed tree', MR 96.2 . do bith fo brúch a bláth-buird `blooming bank', Metr. Dinds. iii 260.14 . do chloinn Bhanbha bhláth-bhuadha, Keat. Poems 1020. céad bláthchraobh ann re fhighe `bright strands' (of hair), Magauran 1865 . blāithfleasg `a garland of flowers', Eg. Gl. 684. ar bordaibh bruach-ṡoillsi blath-indber `beautiful harbours', MR 102.7 . With n. pr. bláth-Ḟergus prosperous Fergus, Ériu iv 98 § 28a .

cechrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cechrad or dil.ie/8428

 

vn. of cechraid: cip aided admbéla banscāl . . . etir . . . chombach ┐ ch.¤ ┐ athcumba `perishing in a quagmire', Cáin Ad. 42 . mana thainic marbadh is .u. seoit ina cechradh ┐ ina salcha (of a cow) getting it stuck fast in a quagmire(?), O'Curry 1711 ( 23 Q 6, 16b ). a sir-ch.¤ `a muddy death for them', Metr. Dinds. iii 416.36 . Act of muddying, splashing : ar daighin a fliucha, no a cechartha `splashing them' (i.e. passengers), Laws iii 212.4 Comm. on bla ethar imarchur, 208.6 . .u. seoit smacht cecharra na rot no fiach maigne for muddying the roads(?), O'Curry 618 ( H 3.18, 299 ). a smacht cecharra an roit, 619 ( H 3.18, 299 ). cuic seoit smacht ceacharrdha na rob no fiach maighne en ruip . . . smacht cecharrdha, 1455 ( H 3.18, 648b ). iar na cechraghudh do chethraib, BLism. 163ra21 .

coimderbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimderbaid or dil.ie/10166

 

v (derbaid): innissit ┐ coimderpait . . . mar do thāinic . . . in naoimh-thegh affirm , Fl. Earls 126.z .

con-ocaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-ocaib or dil.ie/12249

 

Forms: cotnucbad, ancondammucbaitisse, aconucbaitis, conucabtis, cotabucabarsi, conocba, conucbad, chutooccaibmis, conuicgebthar, nadruchumgab, connuargab, conuargabad, cumgabál, cumgabthe

v (*com-uss-gab-, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 530 ). Also -uc-. Perf. formed with -ro-. lifts up, raises, exalts . With refl. inf. pron. (in later exx. somet. not expressed) rises, gets up, is lifted up: cotnoccaib in t-usci súas the water rises, LU 5519 (TBC). nech connocaib a guth, Ériu vii 170.3 . ? conas ecgaib . . . úasu, TBC-LL² 4198 (see n.). 4210 . inbuid conócbat a rrosc conócaib in folt, LU 7251 - 2 ( BDD 91 ). conocabar in firián gl. adtollitur iustus, Ml. 57d8 . conogabar indablu, Thes. ii 251.10 (St. Missal). conuargabthar hídnai arda . . . uas sciathcaraib (with stem of perf.), Alex. 9 . cotnucbad gl. iactabat, Ml. 53d8 . conocbath in carpat fris `it would tilt up', Ériu vi 134.21 . conocbad in talmain foib `used to raise the earth', Dinds. 109 = conogbhadh, Edinb. Dinds. 72 . ancondammucbaitisse gl. me . . . beatum dicebant, Ml. 39d11 . aconucbaitis gl. iactantes, 58c2 . intan conucbad in nél no bith immum aírc, 83a4 (leg. conucbada, note). conucabtis gl. efferri, 68c6 . conuaircaib in fer-sa is-in aeor (ipv. 2 s. cf. Alex. 9 supra), PH 1852 . cotabucabarsi gl. eliuamini, Ml. 46a7 . du hicumgabæ gl. ubi . . . sustuleris, BCr. 33d12 . conocba gl. subleuandi, Ml. 79c5 . asbeirsom frisnatorus arndacumcabat `he says to the doors to rise', 46a12 . cotom- rócbat uili `may they all upraise me,' Fél. Ep. 45 . conucbad gl. adtollere, Ml. 35c6 . 39a22 . ma chotócbaimmis (in rhet.), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.12 = chutooccaibmis, 12.27 . conocæba gl. sublimet, Ml. 20b5 . tócbad fírinni, cot-n-uicēba, ZCP xi 80.z = cot-n-ōcéba (leg. -oc-), 91.z . cain banscal conuceba(?) cathair C., Corp. Gen. 80.14 . conuicgebthar gl. gloriabitur, Ml. 64b8 . cotnócbus issin port (of salmon), Fraech 307 . friū conuccaib ind oub `the river rose against them', Thes. ii 340.54 ( Hy. v 54 ). ind nathir . . . conocabsa[t] maic Israel gl. suspenso, Tur. 129 . connucabsat dochum nÍsu `they rose', Thes. ii 321.1 ( Hy. ii 66 ). confogabsat . . . a m-bruinde os talmain, Alex. 723 = conogbaitis, ZCP xxx 131.5 . conócbad . . . in debaid `was kept up', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6.y . ní tháinic i nÉrinn o conocbadh `since it was discovered', AFM ii 734.14 . . . . maic F. lasa cētcomgabtha coirthi, Rawl. 148b21 . nadruchumgab gl. iactasse, Ml. 20a7 (see GOI 340 ). connuargab gl. adtollit, 37b15 . conúargaib . . . in siair, Trip.² 140 . is é tan conuarcaib i[n] m[ur]brucht, Dinds. 45 . ni i n-ænuair conuaircaibset they arose (of waves), ibid. = contuarcaibset, Lec. 236 rb 40 . conuargabad gl. est . . . elatus, Ml. 32c1 . conúargabad . . . Pól . . . cosin tres nem, LU 1954 ( FA 2 ). leis conuargbad a ard-múr, Metr. Dinds. ii 80.10 . conurgbad tor la claind n-A., BB 388a50 . conúarcc[bh]adh a choccadh, Hugh Roe² 316.27 .

Vn. cumgabál. Part. cumgabthe.

1 dag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dag or dil.ie/14139
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: deg, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, degbés, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg-dias, dag, dag, deg-doss, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deagh- folaid, dag, dag- ḟorcitlid, dagforcitlidib, dag, deggnim, dag, dag, deg-impide, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg-óg, dag, dag, dag, deg-rann, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deaghoideas, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, Deg, deg, deg, deg, dethclu, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deaghcho- maoineach, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deighdealbhdha, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deghearghna, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deglenda, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg

adj good. Later deg. Thurn. Hdb. 49 . annag .i. non bonum. dag .i. bonum , O'Mulc. 47 . dag .i. bonus no piscis , ib. 289 . écndag .i. ni dag .i. non bonum , ib. 357 . annach evil, bad , O'D. Suppl. 573 b . dag .i. maith, LB 36 a 24 f.b. .i. maith, ACC § 46 . deach .i. maith, O'D. Suppl. (or = dech). death .i. maith, ACL iii 280 . Often deth-: deth-arrachta, ZCP vi 26.17 . -bertach, 48. 20 . -cluach, 34. 9 . -rígan, 25. 11 . -thapaidh 30. 27 . -thengthach, 50. 33 . Frequently written d┐; occasionally also dath-. Mod. pronounced dé-, dea-, Seanchaint 79 . 205 . Independent use of dag: droch do drochaib, dag do dagaib, Corm. Tr. 61 . dag a dagchomul na céir, ACC 46 . derb dag i mba, ib. a pl. deich treaba dagha (.i. maithi), Ériu ii 4. 5 . Adv. well (Contribb.): sciath aca ar lár a ethair... fo tailfed dag...cethri drond[a] dechenbar, RC xiv 404. 18 .

In composition with a following noun or adjective, Zeuss 857 . Thurn. Hdb. 221 : good, noble, intensive very . For fuller collections s. Acall., Laws, CCath. Index, Todd Nenn., Hom. Leg. Ind.

A dag

:

dag-airle a good counsel Wb. 29 b 17 . isí mo degairle, ACL iii 220. 29 . is derb ropat degairle, TFerbe 280 .

dag-airliud good merit, well-deservingness LU 34 a 16 . 76 a 10 . dag-arliud .i. oca mbí deg-bríathar, TBC-LL¹ 1695 Y. deg-arliud, LU 34 a 16 . RC iv 256 . decchairilleadh, AFM vi 2370. 3 . deg-airilniud, ALC ii 262. 15 .

dag-aiste a good metre . d. in dána, IT iii 106. 2 .

dag-aithrige (MS. dagathrige) a good repentance Cambr. 38 a .

dag-altair good fosterage Laws ii 164. 10 (opp. mialtair, ib. 8 ).

dag-altram id., ib. ii 164. 6 , 19 .

dag-armtha well-armed TFrag. 22. 14 .

dag-bág a good fight : co ndernsat d.¤-báig de, LL 191 a 52 .

dag-banas : trí fostai dagbanais: fosta thengad ┐ gensa ┐ airnberntais (airbertais, v.l.), 'three ways in which a good woman is steady: steadiness of tongue, of chastity and of house keeping' Triads § 180 , Ériu xxviii 155 . dag-ben a good woman, a lady : gruc da .i. dagben, Corm. 17 . degbhen, CCath. 4038 .

dag-bert brave deed ZCP x 363 : tabred dagberta for ar n-imthechta, LU 15 a 5 .

dag-bés a good custom Laws iii 24. 14 . degbés, ZCP viii 113. 7 . Ériu v 130. 48 .

dag-béscnae good behaviour, morality Laws. degbéscnai (g s.) Ml. 85 d 2 . d s. i ndegbæsgnu, ib. 87 d 5 . 105 b 2 .

dag-biad good food O'Mulc. 685 .

dag-bliadain a good year LL 128 b 28 .

dag-boltanach sweet-smelling : lán do lubib dag-boltanchaib, Aisl. Tond. 111 . Cf. degbolad.

dag-briathrach of good words LL 155 b 8 .

dag-cenél a good race LL 279 . ingen óc alaind co ndagcenel ┐ co ndaglégund, RC viii 152 § 3 .

dag-ciall, LL 153 b 14 .

dag-clann a good offspring : Lib. Flav. 23 b 2 , 12 .

dag-coic a good cook : fo lámu dágchoca, MacCongl. 93. 18 .

dag-comairle a good counsel Wb. 29 a 21 . degch. AFM 26. 17 .

dag-comairlid a good adviser : dia deghchoṁairlighibh AFM v 1862. 3 .

dag-cride a good heart, generosity : dagcraidib, ACL iii 235. 32 . deagh-, ITS x 200 .

dag-dán a good gift, poem, art : saer daer dagdana, Laws v 96. 10 . rogab gnimu dailim do airim a degdán, BB 382 a 6 .

dag-dess good and comely , Gorm. Mar. 31 .

dag-dia good god (etymological gloss on Dagda) LU 32. 25 . LL 266 b 38 .

dag-dias a good pair Gorm. Oct. 26 . deg-dias, Feb. 11 .

dag-dond: ben Néill in druing dagduind, LL 139 a 42 .

dag-doss a good bush Gorm. Jan. 7 . deg-doss, Mar. 3 , May 18 .

dag-duine a good man, a brave man, a nobleman, a righteous man ( Donlevy, passim ). Wb. 6 b 23 . 18 c 14 . i coimthecht dagdóine, ib. 16 d 2 . carid dagdoini, 27 d 11 . dag- : Ériu i 215. 12 . TFrag. 144. 2 ; 204. 16 . Lib. Flav. 27 a 1 . 35 . deg-duine, LU 53 a 8 . degdáine, MR 224. 15 .

dag-eire a good (i.e. heavy) load LU 64 b 22 . 89 a 15 . 95 a 35 . RC xiv 54. 6 . degeire deise no trír, Acall. 3942 .

dag-éirge good rising-up : ar-dlegat a ndaigéirge 'they are entitled … to their good rising [before them]' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 130 § 13 . dag-Eogan brave Eogan LL 130 a 39 .

dag-eolach well-informed ZCP iv 235. 4 .

dag-éraic a good mulct : nenaisc d. a mucc foraibh, Lism. L. 319. 16 .

dag-ḟeidm good use Ériu ii 4. 7 . deg-, Todd Lect. vi p. 99 .

dag-ḟer a nobleman, a gentleman, a brave : oirchinnig ┐ daigfir ┐ tóisig, Alex. 442 . ar galaib dagfer, LL 203 a 37 . AU i 254. 9 . LL 156 b 23 . 158 a 381 . deghfir, BB 385 b 7 . Acall. 1033 . KMMisc. 264. 13 ; 272. 9 . dagḟer, degḟer, Gorm. Ind. do degferaib ┐ do degdáinib, LL 227 a 23 . deghfer dana a good poet AFM iii 598. 17 . deghḟer labhra a good speaker, ib. ii 1136. 14 .

dag-ḟeras : tréde faillsiges cach ndagḟeras: dán, gaisced, crésine, there are three things which reveal that a man performs his functions well: a special gift, valour, piety Triads § 196 , Ériu xxviii 155 . cach ndagḟeras .i. gach feidhm nó gníomh iomlán nó feramhuil 'every activity or full or manly deed' Triads 41 , Ériu xxviii 155 . dag-ḟethal, SG 84. 37 .

dag-ḟial good and modest Gorm. Jan. 30 , Aug. 7 .

dag-ḟind very fair , ib. May 15 , Dec. 11 .

dag-ḟolad great wealth Laws iv 298.2 ; v 70. 10 . deagh- folaid, ib. ii 308. 26 .

dag-ḟorcetul good instruction LB 12 b 126 . Hence dag- ḟorcitlid a good teacher. d pl. dagforcitlidib, Wb. 11 b 6 .

dag-gním a good deed Wb. 6 a 8 , 6 a 11 , 10 a 17 , 33 a 17 . a doughty deed LU 61 a 15 . deggnim, Ml. 14 b 15 . CCath. 1190 . Cf. deggnímrad valiant deeds ZCP iii 28. 13 . i n-dagnimrathib, Thes. ii 244.32 .

dag-ime a good fence Laws iv 126. 24 .

dag-impide a right, proper request : is cóir daigimpigi duit ar nidad dichumaing, Anecd. i 11. 13 . deg-impide AFM 1132. 8 .

dag-imradud a good intention : forbe in dagimrata, Wb. 3 d 5 (opp. drochimr., ib.).

dag-ingen a good daughter LL 138 b 23 .

dag-ingnad very strange : diamair d., LL 157 b 28 .

dag-laech a brave hero : adchiu d.-u in beth[a] (sic leg.) ZCP iii 46. 14 . deglaech, MR 224. 14 . do deglaech ┐ do degóc, LL 100 b 16 .

dag-laechdacht, LU 67 a 31 = TBC-LL¹ 1050 .

dag-léigend, RC viii 152 § 3 .

dag-less good profit, especial weal Acall. 3772 . doghéna dháibh bur ndeigleas, Acall. 3606 .

dag-lind good time LL 129 a 47 .

dag-lóg a good price SR 5836 .

dag-mac a good son or boy MR 136. 10 . deaghṁac léighinn a good student Donlevy 456. 16 (= scolaire maith 458. 29 ). ML 58. 2 .

dag-máin benefit : is éicrichnichthe donindnigsom a dagmóini, Wb. 28 a 17 . Alex. 926 , 930 . inna degmáini, Ml. 27 a 6 . a seoit ┐ a degmáini, Cog. 18. 18 . Ériu ii 2. 3 , 9 .

dag-menmae hilarity, jollity Mon. Tall. 143. 5 . Cf. deg-menmnach, LL 155 b 47 .

dag-mian a good mind Gorm. Jan. 26 . BB 48 a 40 . YBL 314 b 20 .

dag-mór very big Gorm. Sept. 11 . degmór, ib. May 20 , Nov. 20 , July 30 . samaigis stacci direccra degmaru forsna beraib, MacCongl. 63. 2 .— Gaul. Dagomārus, npr. m.

dag-naidm a good security : fal fosuidigthear dag-nadmaim, Laws v 506. 11 . Anecd. iii 29. 6 .

dag-nár good and bashful Gorm. Mar. 26 , May 9 , Nov. 26 .

dag-nem good heaven ib. June 5 .

dag-nia a brave hero : dagnia derg, Rawl. 116 b 12 .

dag-nóisech: do dlighid dian daghnoisech, Anecd. ii 75. 2 .

dag-nuachar, LL 157 a 6 ; a noble mate, ZCP x 363 .

dag-óc a goodly youth, a brave warrior TBC-LL¹ 1263 . 1640 Y. TFrag. 1062 .

dag-óg a good virgin Gorm. July 2 . deg-óg, Jan. 6 , Oct. 17 .

dag-phreceptóir a good teacher Wb. 4 a 2 .

dag-rád speaking well of Gorm. May 17 .

dag-rāith a good security Laws i 118. 21 .

dag-rann a good stanza Gorm. Jan. 31 , LL 7 a 48 . deg-rann, LL 10 b 41 . 153 b 15 . BB 382 a 6 .

dag-rath good grace or luck, full prosperity Gorm. Feb. 26 . Fearna mór mílib d. (g pl.) AFM ii 576. 3 . cúig bliadna déc fa degrath, Cog. 140. 20 .

dag-riar, Mart. Don. Introd. 37 . Donlevy, pass.

dag-riattae well-trained Leb. Cert. 160. 2 .

dag-rosc a good eye (of sight), Corm. 689 Y.

dag-rún a good resolution, purpose, a good end : ar do dagrúin ndrechaig, ZCP viii 232 . TBC-LL¹ 1695 Y. co ngeib d. degmessa, LU 76 a 9 . degrún, BB 375 a 31 .

dag-ṡégdae majestic, sublime : ic mac Dé dagṡégdai, Rawl. 69 a 24 . deighṡeghdha, BB 9 a 15 .

dag-ṡén good luck SG ii 469. 11 . degṡén, Top. Poems 40. 6 .

dag-ṡochor good profit : bidh co d. re fód danacul ar nóg ar ég, ZCP viii 227 .

dag-ṡoillsigud a good illumination ZCP iii 222. 2 f.b.

dag-thapaid very quick, active, expert : an drong dhánata dh. dhíscir dhenmnedach, ALC i 412. 6 . dorónsat comlainn fic[h]da...degthapaid, IT ii2 141 (l. 477) . ML 28. 4 . bulli na láma deisi degth., Cog. 194. 8 . go dian-deghth. AFM 2318. 4 . deg-thapad vigour MR 318. 14 . deg-thapa = d.¤-thapaid: dosgiobadar a longa...go d., Atlantis iv 166. 22 .

dag-theist bonum testimonium Wb. 25 a 18 . deg-theist for chach, LB 260 b 81 .

dag-thimthach: dobert d. imbi, LL 117 b 36 .

dag-thír a goodly land Imr. Br. (of the Ir. Elyseon). deg-t., CRR 4 . BS 54. 4 .

dag-thorthech abounding in fruit: sam sogar .i. is d. in samrad, LL 188 a 32 .

dag-thrian a good third : a d. mo chuarta sa, Fen. 168. 13 .

dag-thuath: dúnadach cech d., LL 344 c 13 .

B deg (see also 1 dag):

deg-accomul a good union Laws ii 362. 3 (= soaccomol, l. 4 ).

deg-adbae a goodly dwelling ZCP viii 207. 3 .

deg-adbar good material, one well fitted to be: Niall ...d. táisigh na Trí Tuath, ALC i 529. 15 . Donnchad... d. rí[g] Érenn, ALC i 558. 10 , ib. 598. 11 . AFM iii 396. 14 , ib. iv 722. 8 .

deg-aes: triar d.-a dána three of the goodly men of science CRR § 30 . BS 52. 9 . good, auspicious age: d. éisgi, MR 106. 14 .

deg-aichnech well informed : d. aithnech ar gach ealadhain, AU iii 530. 4 . BB 62 a 34 .

deg-aicned a noble nature, benevolence CCath. 5480 . SG i 54. 31 . d s. degaicniud, LB 273 b 71 . SG 54. 31 . deaghaigneadh, Donlevy 472. 8 .

deg-ainm, BB 370 b 23 .

deg-airde a favourable sign : dommí co ndegairdib, ACL iii 221. 6 . dertbais d. dílend | senchas senaibni Hérend, LL 5 b 39 .

deg-airiltnidh a good earner AFM 2220. 3 .

deg-aisse: ic loscud Muman massi | ba suach dond d., LL 375 a 14 = ba subach don degaisse, ACL iii 304 § 7 , ZCP x 363 .

deg-aite a good foster-father; a good teacher MR 298. 9 ; 314. 4 . d.-oide faoisidine, Donlevy 338. 23 . d. -oidigheadh foghluma, ib. xxi 1 . Cf. deg-aites good education, good teaching. deaghoideas, Donlevy 336. 16 ; xviii 5 ; xix 13 .

deg-aithne a good knowledge SG 354. 22 .

deg-aithrige good repentance AFM 1000. 21 .

deg-aithris a worthy imitation ZCP viii 216. 15 .

deg-amos a brave hireling soldier Ériu i 94. 1 .

deg-amrae good and wonderful, specially wonderful: Cathbad drái d., Acall. 2543 . CRR § 30 .

deg-anacol a goodly protection Ériu v 84. 13 .

deg-arm: ni dlig degairm fer cin gliaidh, Harl. 5280, 14 a . MR 224. 14 .

deg-armach well-armed Acall. 2134 (v.l. datharmach, p. 291 ).

deg-armáil a good armament AFM 2272. 9 .

deg-arrachtae very brave ZCP vi 26. 17 .

deg-árus a good house SG 303. 30 . ITS x p. 200 .

deg-ass good milk LU 25 b 16 .

deg-athach a good vassal : ropo deglaech degathaig, TFerbe 691 .

deg-athair a good father LL 385 b . BB 127 b . MR 118. 3 . Acall. 2005 .

deg-athardae goodly patrimony AFM 1640. 9 .

deg-atmáil a good confession Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330. 6 .

deg-bág a good fight Gorm. May 12 .

deg-bail, RC viii 350 ; good luck, ZCP x 363 .

deg-baile a good village, a good steading : dún nó dingna nó d., Moling 8. 10 . ITS x p. 200 . a dunib ┐ a degbaledib Sachsan, AB A.D. 1014 .

deg-bárc, OCT 9.4 .

deg-barr: adram do rígh na ndúile | do dh. dian (leg. dín) ar ndaine (na ndóine, Lec.) BB 24 b 48 ( ZCP x 363 ). Acall. 1114 .

deg-bás a happy death Donlevy 364. 15 ; 322. 18 .

deg-bélrae good speech : sulbaire degbelrai, Ml. 89 c 16 .

deg-bertach virtuous : a ridiri dethbertach, ZCP vi 48. 20 .

deg-bethach virtuous Gadelica ii 97. 21 .

deg-bethu a virtuous life : co rís degbethaid glan glé, Moling 52. 21 . do forbadh a dheighbhetha[dh], AFM 456. 10 ; 526. 9 . a comfortable existence BS § 18. 18 .—Cf. Gaul. Dago-bitus, npr. m.

deg-blad good fame : ní fo d. co nirt nua, LU 16 a 3 .

deg-blas a good taste : dobheir sé (sc. an salann) deaghbhlas dó (sc. don bhiadh), Donlevy 442. 24 .

deg-blasta savoury ZCP ii 252. 14 .

deg-bolad a good odour ZCP ii 252. 14 .

deg-bráthairse a good brotherhood ZCP viii 318. 28 .

deg-buaid a good victory Gorm. Feb. 24 . na d.-buada, LL 44 b 4 .

deg-bualad a violent beating SG 272. 4 .

deg-buide deep yellow : erla d. on cluais co céli do, Acall. 4080 n. .l. urla nd., ib. 4942 n.

deg-buiden a good host : toesech na degbhuidne, LL 100 b 14 .

deg-cairdech: bi d. im fadbail lochta fira, Laws ii 280. 16 .

deg-calmae very brave MR 284. 26 .

deg-caratrad a good friendship LL 72 .

deg-cerdach fully skilled SG 307. 39 .

deg-ces a good hive : narab drochcis i ninad deigh-ceasach, Laws iii 438. 8 .

Deg-chairdil npr. m. Anecd. i 42 .

deg-cinniud a good decision : rocinnit tra deighchinnte iomdha isin coṁdháil hísin, AFM ii 1164. 3 .

deg-clár a good board : ic dathugad a d., TTr. 137 .

deg-clu a good reputation, good fame Laws iii 22. 32 , 33 . dethclu, ZCP vi 24. 12 .

deg-cluach of good renown ZCP vi 34. 9 .

deg-cobrach very helpful (of God) SG 21. 5 .

deg-codnach a man of sound mind Laws ii 70. 4 , 10 .

deg-coemna good protection : ni bhidh imorro díon no d. a tuaith nó a termonn, ALC 5781 .

deg-coimét a good protection KMMisc. 314. 27 .

deg-commaid good comradeship ZCP iii 5. 3 .

deg-commáin a good communion : g s. deaghcho- maoineach, Donlevy 252. 9 ; 254. 31 .

deg-creic a good sale Laws ii 284. 8 ; iv 88.16 .

deg-cridech good hearted : fer dercech d., ALC i 538. 15 . deaghchroidheach, Donlevy 62.19 .

deg-culaith a noble suit : dochóirigh deaghchulaith Ṁanannáin uime, Atlantis iv 214.25 . OCT 54.2-3 .

deg-daingen very strong Acall. 5290 .

deg-daire, LL 385 b , c . BB 127 b .

deg-dál a good meeting BB 281 a 17 . Gorm. Aug. 17 . Ériu iv 136. 8 . BS 90. 2 .

deg-dath a good colour : do dheargór dheaghdhatha ML 110. 29 .

deg-dathach well-coloured TTr. 1365 .

deg-debaid a hard fight LL 101 a 4 .

deg-delb a good shape : im febas a d.-a, TFerbe 367 . Hence deighdealbhdha, AFM v 1400. 3 . SG 8. 29 .

deg-dénmach well-made : dabach dígrais d., B. Fermoy 141 a . étaigi dígraissi d.-a, TTr. 167 . ITS x p. 200 .

deg-dénmusach well-built SG 302. 28 .

deg-dénom good building, shape : ar dilsi ┐ d. (of a ship), TTr. 120 . comeliness SG 353. 38 . ar dheilbh ┐ ar dh., ALC i 544. 22 .

deg-dígainn very abundant Acall. 342 .

deg-dígal a good revenge RC xi 444. 32 .

deg-dín a good protection : diar ndegdin, Gorm. Feb. 21 .

deg-dliged a good right, a good reason : narmtar co ndegdligedaib dia frithtuidecht, Ml. 16 b 6 . Laws iv 320. 13 .

deg-dlúith very close : buale d. di sciathaib, TTr. 609 .

deg-doé a good hand : a dheg-dóid ndeis, ML 146. 18 .

deg-doilges a goodly sorrow Donlevy 272. 18 .

deg-domnach, used of Easter Sunday ZCP viii 207. 1 .

deg-dorn a good fist (Gaul. Dagodurnus CIL iii 12014. 242 ). BB 275 b 21 .

deg-drong a good troop Gorm. Aug. 9 .

deg-druin good and shrewd : Fatuel d. diada, ib. Ap. 5 .

deg-dul a good way LL 282 b 2 .

deg-dún a good fortress : a medon gach d.-duine, Tig. A.D. 1022 .

deg-einech good hospitality : ní thainic... neach do dearsccaighfedh de ar... dh., AFM 1906. 4 . g s. ben derlaic-theach theach deigheinigh, AFM 724. 6 . in toclach daibir deigeinig, Acall. 3289 . generous : in toenchléirech is diadha ┐ is deighenaigh (-aighe ?) do bhí i nErinn na aimsir féin, ALC i 526. 22 .

deg-Éiriu good Ireland MacCarthy 430. 7 f.b.

deg-engnum a doughty deed Cog. 182. 14 . YBL 317 a 10 .

deg-eol a good knowledge Rel. Celt. ii 220. 28 . Cf. dageolach.

deg-ergnae goodly wisdom : deghearghna, ZCP 199. 15 .

deg-erlabrach of good speech Hugh Roe 54. 15 .

deg-ḟaebrach sharp-edged : claideb cruaid ... ise daingen d., BB 476 b 44 .

deg-ḟaitches reverence Donlevy 358. 15 .

deg-ḟál a good hedge or fence : Sinuna druin d., Gorm. Sept. 2 .

deg-ḟeichemantae, MR 278. 17 .

deg-ḟéil a good festival Gorm. Jan. 18 .

deg-ḟeithmeóir, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330. 2 .

deg-ḟéth a goodly appearance : rathaigit na manig d. in chlerig, Lism. L. 303. 22 . sonus ┐ d. tria bithu dḟir thinaid, ib. 32 .

deg-ḟid: epe cacha feada acht fid nemead no degfidh, Laws v 474. 7 . degfid .i. fid de fid, ib. 476. 3 . For de-ḟid, deid, q.v.

deg-ḟledach: co teg Aeda d. fledaig, LL 301 a 45 .

deg-fogur a good sound BB 324 a 37 .

deg-ḟonaidm a good agreement, bond. d. trebaire, Laws v 508. 11 .

deg-ḟonn good pleasure ACL iii 154.15 .

deg-ḟota very long Acall. 779 .

deg-ḟrecrae a good answer Todd Lect. iv 191 .

deg-gein a good birth SG 18. 31 .

deg-glór, CCath. 3049 .

deg-gnáth rhyming with cách, LL 129 a 37 .

deg-gneach of good countenance Thr. Ir. Gl. xli .

deg-gnímaige, MR 142. 8 .

deg-grés a propitious incident Acall. 3841 .

deg-guide a good, proper entreaty . cen digide .i. cen dedguide o briathraib, Laws ii 390. 3 .

deg-innscnech affable AU iii 242. 21 .

deg-labarthach well-spoken : dochan Colom Cille gu d. in duan so, BB 31 a 21 .

deg-lainn: Nuadha deghlainn diadha, Gorm. Feb. 19 , cf. Stoke's note ib. p. 268 .

deg-láith: d. gaile good heroes of valour CRR § 34 .

deg-lám embroidery Caithr. CC 72. 21 .

deg-lámach handy, dexterous : Nuadha d., Cóir Anm. § 7 . Subst. good spear-casting Acall. 5112 .

deg-lámaid dexterous Ériu iv 118. 14 , 18 .

deg-lámdae handy, skilful (in embroidery): ingen. . . bud dechlámdai di ingenaib Hérenn, LU 122 a 21 (cf. ZCP iii 231. 27 ). Subst. handiwork, embroidery : bátar side oc fogluim druine ┐ deglámda la hEmir, LU 122 a 15 (cf. ZCP iii 231. 21 ).

deg-lepaid a good bed OCT 49 § 54 .

deg-lígdae resplendent Ériu iv 94. 1 .

deg-lín a good (i.e. high) number Acall. 4859 .

deg-lind a good drink. g s. deglenda, O'Dav.

deg-lucht: a d. lenamhna his faithful followers AFM 2264. 2 .

deg-macacht, ZCP viii 111. 28 .

deg-maisech very beautiful SG 234. 34 ; 269. 8 . Sechrán 205 .

deg-maith very good co degmaith, LL iii 15154 ; subst. a nobleman : degmaithi Erend, TBC-LL¹ 2224 Y. Ériu iii 143 § 5 . LL 158 a 9 f.b.

degmaithesach of good worth : ba haill daineach digbalach deagmaithisach e 'he was a prominent person with a large retinue, destructive [to enemies], and of goodly worth', AI 406 (s.a. 1311.5) .

deg-meirge a good ensign ITS ix 126 .

deg-meisnig courageous : ionnsaighitt iad co deighṁ. AFM 1322. 12 .

deg-mesc very intoxicating : di medanaib d.-a, TTr. 164 .

deg-mess, LU 76 a 9 . TBC-LL¹ 1695 .

deg-mín good and gentle Gorm. Jan. 11 .

deg-moch very early Páidín, p. 4 .

deg-molad a good praising SG 341. 2 . Ériu v 76. 26 .

deg-mucc a good pig RC xii 64 § 26 .

deg-muinter goodly folk ZCP viii 209. 20 .

deg-muirn great courage, pride : Feidlimid ... u. bl. deg fa d., BB 61 a 43 .

deg-nath a good poem : triar aile diar delbus d., LL 137 b 50 .

deg-nert good strength Gorm. Mar. 20 .

deg-nós a good custom Donlevy 444. 14 .

deg-nuall a good shout : .iiii. scéith datha is d., BB 281 a 16 .

deg-nue good and fresh (as an epithet for an eye) ITS x p. 200 .

deg-óc a good warrior Gorm. May 18 . LL 100 b 16 .

deg-óclaech id. ni raibe acht da .xx. degoclach, AU i 548. 3 .

deg-oeb good beauty : degaeb, Gorm. July 18 .

deg-óidech very attentive SG 11. 28 .

deg-oirdned good ordination Gorm. July 4 .

deg-ól a good drink Fen. 248. 11 .

deg-opair a good work Donlevy, pass. OCL p. 33 .

deg-ord a good service : iar cceilebhradh d.-uird, RC xxvi 372. 20 .

deg-ordaide well-ordered AU iii 336. 19 .

deg-oslaicthe wide open : gur bho dlochtana d. na dainginscéith, ML 136. 8 .

deg-phendand good penance : décc iar ndeighph. ┐ iar naithrighi, AFM ii 906. 14 . ib. 1062. 9 .

deg-ráithe a good quarter (of a year): a sé décc as d. sixteen years and a quarter AFM iv 694. 2 .

deg-recht a good law : farcha dlúthaighthe gach d.-a ALC i 486. 16 .

deg-réid good and smooth Gorm. Dec. 23 .

deg-rí a good king . Gorm. Jan. 26 . Aug. 5 . atchiu degríg ndeg-Lagen, LL 48 a 40 . ib. 153 a 45 , b 6 .— Gaul. Dago-rix, npr. m.

deg-rígain a good queen ZCP vi 25. 11 .

deg-rind a good constellation MR 112. 22 .

deg-rith a good running : do druim degretha, SG 283. 29 .

deg-ruiri a good sovran : tecat fir Hérenn uili co Dálach in degruiri, LL 27 a 21 .

deg-ṡaire: d. lebarda well-composed books Laws iii 88. 9 .

deg-ṡamail a good likeness Meyer Prim. 60 a .

deg-scél good news , opp. to drochscél, Cog. 32. 21 .

deg-scip, ZCP v 489 § 15 (.i. deslám).

deg-ṡerc sometimes written for de-ṡerc, dérc ( Mon. Tall. 159. 1 ).

deg-ṡét precious treasure : mḟer dingbála degṡeoit, TFerbe 481 .

deg-ṡíl a good or noble seed : rí deigtṡil Duibhne, Edinb. viii 26 a 1 .

deg-ṡín good weather : bliadan tra ṡuthach co ndeghsín AU ii 48. 16 . ib. 80. 10 . bliaduin tsuthach...go ndeightsín ALC i 78. 6 .

deg-ṡluag a valiant host : ina ndírim d.-sluaigh, Cog. 216. 3 .

deg-ṡuattae well sewn : lethair d., LL 77 a 47 .

deg-thabairt a good giving SG 269. 14 . Cf. deghthabhartha suas well brought up Rel. Celt. ii. 206. 26 .

deg-thacrae a good argument Todd Lect. iv 191 .

deg-thairise well-established : síth mór daingen d.-i do dénum, AU ii 542. 7 = AFM iii 650. 1 . faithful, trusty : do pfocaib codil...d.-i, IT ii2 136 (l. 359) .

deg-thalland a good talent : degthimthrechta ┐ degtallanda, Ml. 69 c 2 .

deg-thám a good death Gorm. June 5 .

deg-thásc, SG 262. 7 .

deg-thengaid a good speaker, advocate : muna roib aca comet in d., Laws i 84. 16 .

deg-thengthach well-spoken : fer dána d., ZCP vi 50. 33 .

deg-thenn very strong : dúine deightheanna, Acall. 936 .

deg-thermonn a good asylum : dín ┐ d., ALC i 518. 9 .

deg-thidnacul a good gift Ériu iv 24. 13 .

deg-thimthirecht a good service : degthimthrechta ┐ degtallanda, Ml. 69 c 2 .

deg-thoirbert a goodly gift : ar troma a dhuas ┐ a dh. AFM v 1608. 7 .

deg-thóisech a good chief : degthoesech na buidne LL 100 b 17 . deaghthaoiseach, Top. Poems 24. 10 .

deg-thor a good multitude : buaidh cech d.-t[h]uir AFM ii 600. 14 . ib. 612. 17 .

deg-threb a goodly tribe : eiter cealla ┐ congbhála daoine ┐ deighthrebha crodh ┐ cethra, AFM i 454. 11 . Cf. degthrech.

deg-thromm very heavy Acall. 4954 .

deg-thuarastal good pay or wages AFM v 1814. 9 .

deg-ualach a good load ITS x p. 200 .

deg-Ulltach a brave Ulsterman : díne d., MR 220. 19 .

deg-ord a proper service : is cōir degurd do dēnam, Ériu i 44. 9 , 13 .

C In verb. cpds. deg:

deg-brissim I break well Acall. 1810 n. bar dindgna do degbrisiud, LL 225 a 25 .

deg-cóirigim I arrange well MS. Mat. p. 495 .

deg-cummaim I shape well: delb...derscnaigthi da cach deilb dar degcumad, MR 186. 25 .

deg-dénam: ronert co mor a maccu immon cocad do d., LL 228 b 12 .

deg-diglaim I avenge fully: rodegdiglad a bráthair leis, Cog. 100. 26 .

deg-ḟetur: rod. I know well IT iii 89. 6 .

deg-fognaim I serve well: Dia dia ndegḟognand LL 145 b 40 .

deg-rúnaigim I give good advice Ériu iii 162 § 14 .

deg-ṡeolaim I direct well: rodírgedh ┐ rodegṡeolad cruadhurchar cuca cacha certdhírge, MR 266. 5 .

deg-ṡocraim I establish firmly: rodhaingnigh ┐ rodheghṡocraidh...sin, ALC ii 354. 11 .

deg-therbaim I separate well Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 30 .

deg-thidnaicim I present well RC viii 348. 16 .

deg-thocbáil: a dhalta do dh. os cách, ALC i 552. 31 .

deg-thullim I deserve well: rodegthuill mór nualand nard, LL 137 b 14 .

danar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danar or dil.ie/14595
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: danair, danair, danar, danaraib, danaru, danara, danair, danḟer,, danḟir, dainḟir, danair, danar, Danair, danar, danair, danar, danaraib, danaraib, danair, danar, danair

n o,m. g s. danair. n p. danair. g p. danar (danair LL 192 a 23 (:samain); Cog. 152. 1 ; Acall. 5655 ). d p. danaraib. a p. danaru ( LL 183 a 26 ; TFrag. 132. 20 ), danara; danair ( TFrag. 132. 15 ). Often wrongly associated with fer and written danḟer, pl. danḟir, dainḟir (e.g. TFrag. 158. 6 ; Keat. iii 2455 , 2932 ; Coneys). The pl. danair renders Norse danir `Danes'; the sg. danar is modelled on the o-stems.

I A Dane, a man from Denmark, a dubgall or `dark foreigner' as opposed to a findgall or lochlannach `a Norwegian'; also dub-danar under the influence of dub-gall and dub-geinnti; but find-danar does not occur. The pl. Danair is never used for `Denmark ' (cf. Danmairg). Other synon. danmarcach (anmarcach), daunites (aunites). —In the Annals of Ulster, which offer only three instances, danar appears for the first time under the year 985; then it appears once in the SR and in various early Mid.-Ir. texts from the LL and YBL. In all probability the name became fixed about the middle of the 10th century; it is later than the synonymous dubgall and dubgeinnti (first occurrence AU A.D. 850 ).— na danair do thuidecht i nairer Dáil Riatai...I Coluim Cille do arcain do danaraibh, AU A.D. 985 . AFM ii 718. 14 , 17 . lasna danaraib, AFM ii 718. 6 . ár mór forsna danaraib rooirg I, AU A.D.986 . AFM ii 720.3 . Danair = Daunites: dream díbh asedh adberdís conid lochlannaig dá ffurtacht sam dream oile conid daunites .i. danair, TFrag. 116. 5 . isin aimsir si tangattur aunites .i. na dainḟir, ib. 158. 6 . Danair = Dublochlannaig: do ghabháil bharántais Dainḟear nó Dubhlochlonnach, Keat. 2932 . Danair opp. Lochlannaig, Normainnig: lochlanduigh danair normainigh ┐ frangcaigh, MacFirb. 423 k . r oforuaislig long na ndanar long na lochlannach ┐ marbaid na danair lucht loinge na lochlannach. lengait a naoinḟeacht uile na danair i ccenn na lochlannach...tugsat na danair longa na lochlannach leo go port. ragabsat tra na danair arsain mná...na lochlannach, TFrag. 116. 13 . rathionolsat dá thoísech loingsi na lochlonn slóigh móra a naighidh na ndanar, ib. 118. 1 f.b. eidir danaru ┐ lochlannaigh, ib. 120. 5 . etir dhanaru ┐ ghaoidealu, ib. 132. 20 . táinig Zain leithrí na lochlann dingrim na ndanar, ib. 122. 5 . tiaghaid na danair for longphort na lochlann, ib. 122. 15 . tainic Cerbhall reiṁe dionnsoighidh na lochlann go slógh mór danar ┐ gaoidheal, ib. 132. 1 . echtarchinedaigh....i. lochlannaigh ┐ danair do inredh na hErenn, ib. 226. 7 . is risna danaraibh doronsad na gaoidhil sin uair ba lug[ha] ba caraid dóibh iad ionáid na lochlonnaigh, ib. 234. 14 . as cian na rosaighsiod danair ná lochlannaigh orra, ib. 230. 13 . dergár na ndanar ┐ na lochlannach, ib. 232. 11 . Further examples from TFrag. : n pl. danair, 116. 11 , 16 ; 120. 1 , 6 ; 122. 12 , 27 ; 124. 8 , 10 ; 130. 10 , 20 ; 132. 10 ; 172. 10 . g pl. danar, 118. 1 ; 122. 7 , 27 ; 228. 6 , 12 ; 230. 20 . d pl. dona danaraib , 122. 8 , 22 ; 130. 23 . forsna danaraib , 120. 6 . risna d., 122. 14 ; 234. 8 . umna d., 124. 7 . a pl. danair 132. 15 . dochraiti mór fa feraibh hÉrenn ó lochlannchaib ┐ ó danaraibh dulgib dúrchridechaib, LL 309 a 3 (cf. Cog. 2. 3 ). mór dimned raḟulṅgetar fir hErenn ó lochlanchaib ┐ o danaraib, ib. 309 a 11 ( Cog. 222. 5 ). míle láoch do dhubhdhanaroibh dána a thousand bold black Danes ALC i 4. 17 . conadh .vi. catha coṁmóra coiṁlíon na ndanar (sic leg.), ib. 6. 4 . loṅgas...hic saigid for cach gním ṅgarg | danair a tírib Danmarg, SR 2380 . Brian...ba galar garg ort la droṅg ṅdanar ṅDanmarg, LL 133 a 1 f.b. dofaeth Brian mac Ceindeittigh...a bas hi ccath na ndanar, Anecd. ii 21. 1 f.b. da bliadain damsa iarsin i rigi for danaraib in kingship over Danes (or vikings) RC xxiv 414. 1 f.b. (YBL; the anachronism is noteworthy). cath for danaru i nDaire Chalggaig Danes or foreigners LL 183 a 26 (list of battles). biaid orra nert danar ind the power of the Danes (or the vikings) shall be over them for it Fen. 220. 21 . is iad aicme táinig ann an tráth soin .i. dainḟir ón Dánia .i. Denmarke , Keat. iii 2455 . —Ambiguous: co dún danair Dublinde, Acall. 5655 . danair Puirt Lairge, Ériu i 78 § 2 .

II A viking in general; syn. 1 Gall. rotincell senCiaran in scél cétna .i. danair fo thrí do gabáil Érenn, Cog. 10. 19 . ragell dÉrinn co fa thrí dáma danar dubloṅgsi, LL 309 b 8 ( Cog. 225 a 4 f.b. ). isin phurt ua dóigh dḟaghail a longaibh do danaruibh (says Enna to Conall Gulban; the anachronism is to be noted) by the vikings (or Danes) Fen. 404. 2 . táisig loingsi ┐ inarbthaig ┐ danair iarthair Eorpa uli in dias sin (sc. Brodor and Amlaib, sons of the king of Norway) the chiefs of the vikings of all the west of Europe Cog. 52. 1 = goill iarthair Eorpa, AFM ii 772. 9 (dealing with the same event). drong na ndanar do scaipeadh thar sáile (of Brian Boruṁa) ITS iii 164 l. 64 .

III A stranger within a territory, a foreigner in general; sometimes Synon. with deórad. duine eisidhe (sc. Owny O'More).... dobhen urlaṁas a atharda a los a láṁa a dornaibh danar ┐ deóradh, AFM vi 2178. 19(A.D. 1600) . an fer rob ḟerr oinech ┐ bá mó cendairrc ┐ cointinn re galloib ┐ re danaraibh ima duthaid with the English and all foreigners ALC i 489. 26 . ní tháinic ó Brian Boruṁa anuas fer is mó dodhíthaig do danuraibh anás, AU ii 554. 6 (A.D. 1375 ; of Donnchadh Caemanach Mac Murchadha). corp in danair nar bu diu. maraid fon charn adcísiu (of Noah's son Bith who died at Sliab Betha soon after his arrival in Ireland, cf. RC xvi 154 sq. ) BB 397 b 37 ; ib. 1 . 26 , he is called deorad: atchiu lecht deorad du céin. Here also LL 137 b 27 : Lifi ben Deltbunni...mac side Druchta in danair, cf. Dinds. 12 .

IV Often, like gall, applied to Englishmen : ticfa graifnech Cruachna díth danar co dédla the bold destroyer of the English Fen. 280. 14 (probably referring to Turlough, son of Aedh O'Connor, who died A.D. 1244). dícerthar na danair the Englishmen will be expelled, ib. 282. 23 . díth ar danaraib, ib. 374. 17 . gur thuit Brían Binne hAbhaidh a gcath Dhúin re danaruibh so that B. fell by the English Miscell. Celt. Soc. 156 l. 126 (of Brian O'Néill, †1260; cf. Ann. of Clonmacnoise A.D. 1260: Hugh O'Connor went to assist Brian against the English). attcuas immorro do dhanaraibh Duibhlinne adhbhchlos ┐ erdhercas an ṁic sin, Hugh Roe 2. 3 f.b.

V In depreciatory sense a cruel and ferocious foreigner or barbarian, a robber, pirate, bandit ; often connected with allmarach, díbergach, indarbthach; synon. 2 anmargach. It is probable but not certain that this sense arose on Irish ground, although a similar development of meaning has taken place also in Old Norse Brjótr berg-dana `the oppressor of the giants' (the rísir) occurs in the Snorris Edda (i 882. 2 ; Hýmiskviða 17) as an epitheton of Thórr, and Snorris Edda i 298. 2 , flóðrifs Danir applies to the rísir. fer díthláithrigh danar ┐ díbhergach ┐ innarptha allmurach ┐ echtair-chineoil a hÉrinn the extirpator of bandits and marauders ALC i 582. 20(A.D. 1316). torchair .xc. danar dibergach sacsanach ┐ lochlannach aroen friu, Cog. 206. 13 . fiche cét danar dian dolig dibercach durcraideach do anmargachaib, ib. 152. 4 . ní baí danar no díbergach don fichit cét sin can lúrig, ib. 152. 7 . Here perhaps Metr. Dinds. ii 46. 16 : Dairbre mac Ligmuine irlaime im debaid danair readiest in savage conflict (Gwynn).

MOD. danar, g s. and n pl. danair, a Dane, any stranger or cruel foreigner P. O'C.

1 de, di

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 de, di or dil.ie/14787
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: di, di, di, di, di, di, du, di, di, dia, di, dí, di, de, desen, de, de, dhe, di, di, dég, dḟég, dím, dít, de, de, dhe, du, dú, doit, dínni, dunni, desom, dosom, dinach, donach, dind, dind, dind, dind, dind, dindh, dindí, dond, dond, dund, dind, dond, dun, dind, din, dund, dint, dind, dunt, din, din, din, den, don, dun, dun, din, dun, den, don, dind, din, dinaib, denaib, dinab, donaib, dunaib, din, den, don, don, den, dhen, dhent, don, dina, dena, dona, dona, dena, dhena, dosna, DI, di, dim, dimm, dom, dit, ditodérnamaib, dia, dear, diar, dibar, difar, dia, dim, dem, dom, dom, dit, det, dot, dot, dod, difar, dib(h)ar, dib(h)or, d'úr, dá, dár, dia, dá, dia, dá, dhá, dár, dhár, dá, dá, da, dia n, diarbu, diná-, dinadrícthe, dinach, dunach, dia, dá, diná-, doná-, do, dá, dhá, DI, díim, díimsa, dimsa, dím, dimsa, dimso, dít, de, desom, de, dé, dæ, comairle, Dairíne, ráidimne, fáistine, uile, di, dissi, díinn, díin, díinni, diínn, diín, dínn, dín, din, dínni, dinni, dinne, díib, díibsi, diib, diibsi, diibse, diib, díbsi, díib, diib, díb, dib, diib, dím, dínn, díim, díinn, dím, dínn, rúun, ruún, ríi, dím, dímm, dímsa, dít, dítt, dítsu, desin, desen, deside, desium, dissi, dise, dín(n), dínne, d(h)ínne, díb, d(h)íb, díbsi, díb, d(h)íob, díbsin, d(h)íobsan, DI, DE, dĕ, díbdud, derban, derbrad, conda-dercacha, -dercaither, níruderchóin, derchóiniud, niconderérachtar, -derna, -dergénsat, -derlaig, -derlaiged, -derlaichta, dílgai, dílgud, dermar, dermat, ndermanammar, todernam, -deroíma, derscaigi, deruarid, dered, de-reth, -dechuid, -dich, dechor, debuith, -dénai, dénum, dead, dudí, dudiastae, deich, dígal, diu-, diunag, deö-, deolaid, degaid, deïd, desruith, demaig, denall, denuas, dedbol, denmne, dethbir, dethiden, dessid, dellig, décsiu, -décci, -décmaing, decming, -dér, -dérig, dírech, dindba, fordingrat, dingbail, di, diucrae, diuderc, diunach, fordiuclainn, diummus, diupae, diupart, -diurat, diurad, -diuschi, diuscartae, díbad, rodíbairg, díbe, díberg, díbdud, rodibda, díbert, díchenn, díchned, -díchliter, dícheilt, díchor, dídnad, dígal, dígbáil, díguin, dílgud, dímeiccem, dírech, díscir, -díltised, díltud, -díxnigedar, di-anim, dí, díbec, dímór, díthrom, dí, dĕ, De, di, Di, di, DI, DI, dib, dííb, dimm, dínn, do, dinaib, de, diib, di, dia, dind, diib, di, dia, diar, don, dund, donaib, di, dia

prep. = Lat. de. It aspirates the anlaut of an accented syllable immediately following. Aspiration marked: Wb. 5 c 16 . 6 d 8 . 9 a 23 . 9 b 19 . 10 d 14 . 12 a 21 . 12 a 22 . 19 a 6 . 20 d 9 . 26 b 16 . 26 d 8 . 29 c 10 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 23 a 19 . 36 b 3 . 36 d 10 . 48 b 11 . 48 d 27 . 55 d 4 . 58 c 4 . 68 c 4 . 85 a 2 . 93 d 14 . 99 b 7 . 107 a 2 . 112 c 12 . 116 c 2 . 131 c 17 . Sg. 1 a 2 . 3 b 27 . 31 b 2 . 33 a 13 . 181 a 9 . Tur. 131 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . 17 b 1 . 170 b 2 . Thes. i 6. 23 . ii 256. 11 (twice); 295. 11 , 15 ; 298. 11 ; 302. 5 ; 309. 19 ; 315. 2 ; 332. 4 ; 344. 1 ; 346. 8 . Aspiration unmarked: di Críst (in full), Wb. 15 a 34 . di Críst , ib. 22 c 9 . 26 b 7 . 26 d 9 . 27 a 10 . Thes. ii 255. 15 (but di Chríst, Ml. 93 d 14 ). di peccad, Wb. 24 c 18 . di techt, Ml. 44 b 1 . di techdaisib, ib. 105 b 7 . du trócairi, 110 c 5 . di comparit, Sg. 42 b 3 . 43 a 6 . di posit, ib. 42 a 5 (cf. dia posit, 41 b 2 ). di Teretes, ib. 66 a 22 . dí triub, Tur. 6 . di croccund, Thes. ii 347. 33 . Though itself a proclitic word it is liable to eclipsis: (a) after a neuter noun: foraithmet ṅde, Ml. 61 b 12 . a bec ndo síd, ib. 51 a 5 . bec ṅdi dechur, 72 c 9 . (b) after a noun in the a sg.: fri Alpai ṅdesiu, Sg. 217 b 8 . (c) after the relative a n-: a ndu imnedaib fodaimi, Ml. 55 d 11 . (d) in Mil after rel. as: as ndí Assaraib, 35 a 10 . as ṅdu dóiri, 139 a 6 (twice). as ndi thalam, 68 c 4 . After rel. bias: cibed bias nde, ZCP iv 46. 16 TBFr. (Eg.). Cf. acht oenfiach adrenar nde, Anecd. iii 22. 21 .

FORMS: de, very rare in Oir.: de maid, Wb. 21 d 11 . de Iudeib, 18 d 6 . 31 b 15 (but 34 a 3 probably Lat.). de chuingid, 24 b 24 . Mil no instance ( for dech, 56 a 1 , read `di cech'). Sg: de dliguth, Sg. 26 b 7 . de rét, 31 a 5 . de genitin, 77 b 2 . de chaldigud, 181 a 9 . de dobriathraib, 181 a 9 ( de cithara, 103 a 1, probably Lat.). de phurt, Thes. i 6. 23 ; de obli, ii 254. 12 ; de molad, 315. 1 ; de nimib, 353. 4 . Always deṡiu, ( ZCP x 376 ) hence Sg. 71 b 2 . 217 b 8 . 217 b 12 . desen, Thes. ii 343. 32 . Under the influence of the pron. cpd. de, de became quite a common spelling in Mid.-Ir. (LU, LL, &c.). As an etymological writing frequent also in modern books and MSS. Spoken de, dhe = di + suff. pron. 3 sg., cf. mod. aige, ass, air, &c.

di usual Old- and Mid.-Ir. writing.

(a) before vowels (no elision of -i- in Wb Sg Mil); before a-: Wb. 2 a 14 . 7 b 11 . 18 c 11 (twice). 32 c 8 . Ml. 35 a 8 . 40 c 16 . 48 d 12 . 57 d 10 . 61 a 35 . 66 a 3 . 67 d 2 . 126 b 1 . 133 c 11 . Sg. 32 b 14 . 35 b 7 . 211 a 9 . before o-: Thes. ii 254. 7 - 11 , 13 . before u-: Ml. 23 c 20 . 51 b 10 . 93 a 5 . 127 a 2 a . Thes. ii 249. 10 . di humaldóit, Wb. 28 d 29 . di humu, Ml. 2 b 16 . before ái-: Wb. 7 b 11 . Ml. 102 d 9 . ói-: Ml. 43 d 1 . Sg. 40 a 13 . e-, é-: Wb. 4 d 1 . 8 b 4 . Ml. 2 c 1 . 33 c 17 . 55 a 18 . 130 b 1 . i-; Wb. 12 a 30 . 15 d 7 . Ml. 37 b 24 . 40 a 18 . 57 c 13 . 87 c 1 . Sg. 40 a 6 , 7 , 8 . 42 a 1 . di Iudeib, Wb. 4 c 40 . 27 d 4 .

(b) before gutturals: Wb. 6 d 8 . 9 a 23 . 12 a 21 , 22 . 13 d 7 . 15 a 34 . 16 a 4 . 17 b 19 . 18 d 6 . 19 a 6 . 20 d 10 . 22 c 9 . 24 d 10 . 26 b 7 . 26 d 8 . 26 d 9 . 27 a 7 , 10 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 36 d 10 . 40 b 7 . 48 b 11 . 48 d 27 . 51 d 3 . 58 c 4 . 62 b 13 . 66 d 10 . 74 c 13 . 85 a 2 . 92 c 5 . 93 d 14 . 99 b 7 . 107 a 2 . 112 c 12 . Sg. 3 b 27 . 31 b 2 . 33 a 13 . 34 b 2 . 42 b 3 . 43 a 6 . 106 a 7 . 181 a 9 . Tur. 131 . Ardm. 17 b 1 . Thes. ii 10. 6 .

(c) before dentals: Wb. 5 c 16 . 9 b 19 . 10 d 14 . 20 c 14 . 26 b 16 . 27 a 10 . Ml. 17 a 11 . 17 d 11 . 23 a 19 . 25 d 17 . 36 b 3 . 44 b 1 . 46 b 26 . 51 c 11 . 68 c 4 . 72 b 5 . 72 c 9 . 97 d 10 . 105 b 7 . 116 c 2 . 122 b 16 . 131 a 12 . 133 b 1 . 139 a 6 , 8 , 10 . Sg. 61 a 1 . 66 a 22 . 156 b 4 . Thes. ii 256. 11 ; 295. 3 ; 315. 22 .

(d) before labials: Wb. 24 c 18 . 29 c 10 . Ml. 61 a 9 . 115 d 9 . Sg. 42 a 5 . Thes. ii 256. 11 ; 30. 33 .

(e) before nasals; m-: Wb. 4 d 10 . 7 d 9 . 11 a 20 . 24 a 12 . 24 b 31 . 28 d 31 . 30 a 8 . 33 a 15 . Ml. 26 b 5 . 51 b 10 . 58 c 4 . 62 c 2 . 67 b 16 , 17 . 84 c 12 . 85 c 6 . 93 a 20 . 102 d 4 . 124 b 5 . Sg. 7 a 1 . 30 b 11 . Ardm. 17 b 1 . Thes. ii 295. 5 . n-: Wb. 15 c 13 . 16 b 11 (thrice). 17 a 11 . 32 a 20 . Ml. 16 d 5 . 63 c 5 . 65 a 1 . 75 b 20 . 123 c 15 . Sg. 40 a 80 . 43 a 3 . 45 a 11 . 59 b 18 . Thes. ii 11. 36 .

(f) before liquids; l-: Wb. 25 d 20 . Ml. 35 b 24 . 40 a 19 . 55 d 4 , 6 . 57 d 13 . 61 d 2 . 68 a 2 , 15 . 72 d 6 , 7 . 84 c 15 . 90 c 18 . Tur. 115 . Thes. ii 326. 2 ; 16. 40 ; 40. 31 . r-: Wb. 6 a 14 . 12 a 17 . 12 c 6 . 13 a 12 . 18 a 8 . 20 d 11 . Ml. 125 b 7 . Sg. 33 a 10 .

(g) before s and f. s-: Wb. 3 d 28 . 4 b 5 . 8 a 5 . 12 b 32 . 12 d 12 . 17 d 19 . Ml. 2 b 17 . 26 b 20 . 31 d 10 . 34 b 6 . 37 a 14 . 44 b 27 - 28 . 44 c 6 . 48 c 1 . 55 c 1 . 60 b 11 . 90 d 13 . 104 a 3 . 108 d 3 . Sg. 1 a 2 . 41 b 4 . 42 a 2 . 59 b 9 . 183 b 3 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . 18 b 1 ; cf. also didiu. f-: Wb. 1 a 9 . 11 b 13 . 14 a 33 . 18 a 8 . Ml. 20 a 12 . 54 b 30 . 93 a 5 . 134 a 3 . Sg. 3 b 19 . 66 a 6 .

dí: as ndí Assaraib, Ml. 35 a 10 . dí huaisletu, 40 c 16 . dí triub, Tur. 6 . dí Iohain, 40 . dísin, Ml. 63 c 18 .

d with elision of -i- before vowels and ḟ very common in Mid.-Ir. MSS. In Glosses rare, cf. doenscríbend, Sg. 112a2 . dég, Ml. 88 a 4 , from dḟég, cf. dḟech, Ardm. 17b1 . Common in Old-Ir. poetry, e.g. Anecd. iii 55. 18 ; 56. 8 (Siab. Conc.).

DO for DI. The confusion of di and do in proclisis dates back to the Cambr. and the Wb glosses. It is quite possible that on the lips of the people di had as early as the 8th century the same forms as to-day, i.e. unstressed də in proclisis, dí- in pronominal cpds. Under the influence of the latter forms (dím, dít, de), di de lingered on all through Mid.-Ir. The present de, dhe, is partly due to etymological spelling, partly (Cork, Kerry) renders a spoken de, ye = Oir. de (di + pron. 3 sg.), cf. mod. as, air, aige. The fusion of di and do was facilitated by their being unaccented; but it was also partly due to syntactical confusion of these two prepositions which occasionally might both be used synonymously with one and the same verb.—do: prímgeinde do hireschaib, Wb. 4 b 9 . 10 a 15 . 25 c 12 . 31 d 2 . Ml. 14 b 12 . 14 d 3 . 15 d 9 . 24 d 26 , 30 . 26 a 8 . 35 d 17 . 42 b 18 . 45 a 9 . 45 d 7 . 51 a 5 . 51 b 8 . 51 d 25 (twice). 123 d 3 . 124 c 22 . 137 d 2 . Sg. 2 a 7 . Tur. 128 . Thes. ii 298. 10 , 11 ; 299. 9 ; 309. 19 ; 311. 20 ; 313. 14 ; 315. 2 ; 320. 26 ; 321. 2 ; 322. 10 , 24 ; 323. 7 , 8 ; 332. 4 ; 333. 1 ; 335. 29 ; 344. 1 ; 346. 8 .—du: Cambr. 37 d . Ml. 24 d 29 . 26 a 8 . 55 d 4 . 55 d 11 . 55 d 25 (?). 63 b 12 . 63 c 5 . 66 c 3 . 68 d 14 . 69 c 7 . 72 d 9 . 91 d 4 . 94 c 10 . 96 b 5 , 13 . 98 c 6 . 103 d 9 . 110 c 5 . 110 d 16 . 114 b 12 . 114 c 9 . 117 c 6 . 131 c 17 . 133 a 10 . 139 a 6 (twice), 9 . Tur. 80 . 103 . Ardm. 18 b 1 . Thes. ii 294. 14 .—dú: ní dú ulc, Ml. 24 a 19 .— doit, Thes. ii 258 seems = dít.—For dond, donaib, see below.

DI FOR DO: Wb. 17 a 11 . 24 b 24 . Ml. 21 c 3 (?). 44 c 6 . 51 c 11 . 55 c 1 . 56 b 1 . 134 a 3 . dínni = dunni, 87 d 8 . desom = dosom, 33 a 5 . dinach = donach, Acr. 23 d 2 .

DI + ART.—SING.

(a) before vowels. dind, Wb. 5 c 16 . 10 a 5 . 11 d 16 . dind, 29 a 23 . dind hiriss, 11 d 2 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 24 c 17 . 25 a 19 . 48 d 28 . 58 c 6 . 67 b 17 . 67 c 18 . 89 a 6 . dind, 48 d 28 . 95 a 3 . 104 a 6 . Sg. 17 a 6 . 53 a 10 . dind huiliu, 40 a 17 . dindh, 35 b 13 . 125 a 6 . dindí, 9 a 2 . 63 a 17 (twice). 66 a 28 . 100 a 11 . 125 a 6 . 161 b 10 . 197 a 15 - 16 . Thes. ii 252. 14 ; 255. 7 ; 26. 40 . din obli, Thes. ii 255. 14 . dond: Wb. 10 a 14 . dond, Sg. 9 a 2 . 155 a 1 . dund: Ml. 17 b 23 . 34 a 27 .

(b) before ḟ (+ vowel or liquid): dind, Wb. 22 c 9 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 40 b 8 . 99 a 9 . dind fr., 56 b 1 . dond fritobairt, Sg. 183 b 3 . dun, Ml. 125 a 11 .

(c) before liquids: usually dind: Wb. 20 b 1 , 6 . Ml. 37 b 19 . Sg. 35 b 2 . 65 a 1 . 77 a 5 . Thes. ii 35. 32 ; 339. 3 . din rath, Wb. 5 d 6 . dund, Ml. 37 b 19 .

(d) before ṡ- (s + vowel or liquid): dint: Ml. 2 b 3 . 14 d 10 . 37 b 16 . 89 d 12 . Sg. 58 b 7 . dind: Wb. 13 a 21 . 24 a 17 . Ml. 55 c 1 . dunt, Ml. 27 d 2 .

(e) before d and t: din: din t., Ml. 15 b 4 . 16 c 7 . 24 d 14 . 44 b 1 . Thes. ii 13. 27 . din d., Wb. 12 c 13 . Ml. 61 a 36 . 81 a 7 . 94 c 12 . 97 d 10 . Sg. 39 b 11 . den d., Wb. 25 b 7 . don d., Wb. 9 d 5 . 10 d 8 . dun d., Ml. 17 b 23 (twice); dun t., Ml. 123 c 3 .— dind d., Sg. 5 a 5 . dind t., 3 b 14 .

(f) in other positions: din, dun: din ch., Cambr. 37 b . Wb. 22 c 18 . Ml. 2 b 13 . 112 c 11 . Tur. 60 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . Thes. ii 338. 1 ; 33. 19 . dun ch., 67 d 14 ;—din g., Ml. 48 a 21 . 48 b 2 . 48 d 28 . 49 b 4 . 61 a 37 . 113 d 3 . Sg. 9 b 17 . 156 b 6 . Thes. ii 248. 11 (sic leg.). dun g., Ml. 61 a 34 . 85 b 11 .— din ph., Ml. 126 b 1 .— din b., Ml. 39 a 1 . — din m., Ardm. 188 b 1 . Ml. 14 d 10 . 61 d 7 . 97 d 10 . Tur. 140 . den macc, Tur. 21 . den ch., 60 . den g., Thes. ii 230. 19 . don sc., Thes. ii 299. 8 .— dind b., Wb. 5 c 16 .

DUAL. din: din dib láib, Thes. ii 33. 26 .

PLUR. dinaib: Wb. 5 a 4 . 11 b 4 . 12 d 40 . 16 c 22 . Ml. 19 b 2 , 11 . 19 d 18 . 20 c 3 . 24 a 17 . 26 b 20 . 26 d 12 . 27 a 7 - 8 . 27 b 4 . 35 c 20 . 40 c 18 . 46 b 26 . 51 a 16 . 61 d 5 . 62 a 22 . 67 b 17 . 72 c 3 . 73 c 12 . 75 a 12 . 81 c 14 . 102 d 17 . 129 c 3 . Sg. 2 b 1 . 197 b 7 . Thes. ii 232. 10 . denaib: Ml. 29 a 9 . dinab gabálib, Wb. 13 d 33 . donaib: Ml. 19 d 18 . 23 c 27 . 37 b 24 . 46 b 26 . 60 b 6 . 64 c 17 . 89 a 2 . 107 c 8 . 119 d 3 . Sg. 2 a 10 . 50 a 19 . 63 b 10 . Tur. 115 . dunaib: Ml. 35 a 17 . 55 d 25 (?).

MID.-IR. din, den, don (arch. -nd, -nn); before ṡ- dint, &c. MOD. don, den, dhen, dhent (v. col. 128), don t (don tṡaoghal, don tṡruth, don tṡluach). Plur. Mid.-Ir. dina, dena, dona. These forms date back to Oir., cf. 1 do. Mod. dona, dena, dhena, Munster dosna (modelled on isna, leisna, &c.).

DI + POSS. PR. di short. 1 sg. dim: Wb. 26 d 21 . 27 a 34 . 29 d 3 . Ml. 21 c 7 . 23 d 6 , 9 . Ardm. 18 a 1 . m is unaspirated; hence written dimm, Ml. 23 d 9 . dom, Thes. i 337. 2 . 2 sg. dit: Wb. 31 c 8 . Ml. 40 a 6 . 110 d 12 . Thes. ii 249. 3 . ditodérnamaib, Ml. 40 a 7 . 3 sg. m. n. f. dia m. and n.: Wb. 5 b 10 . 33 a 2 . Ml. 23 d 17 . 40 b 8 . 44 b 1 . 53 d 6 . 65 d 8 . 94 c 8 . 133 a 10 . Sg. 50 a 3 . 111 b 2 . Ardm. 18 a 1 (four times). Thes. ii 253. 6 . fem. Ml. 72 b 17 . 102 a 15 . 1 pl. arch. dear n-: Cambr. 37 c . diar n-: Wb. 14 c 15 . 17 c 23 . 31 b 2 . Sg. 195 a 2 . 2 pl. dibar n-: Wb. 25 a 3 , 30 . 27 c 2 . difar n-: 23 d 17 . 3 pl. dia n-: Wb. 7 b 14 . 31 d 15 . Ml. 43 a 14 . 53 d 15 . 67 d 2 . 69 a 8 . 117 b 7 . 126 a 7 . 134 d 3 .

MID. & MOD.-IR. 1 sg. dim, dem, dom, &c.; mod. dom. 2 sg. dit, det, dot; mod. dot, dod. 2 pl. difar n-, dib(h)ar n-, dib(h)or n-; do bar n-, &c.; mod. do bhur n-, d'úr n-. 3 sg. pl. and 1 pl. The frequent early Mid.-Ir. writing dá (n-), dár n- shows that in the spoken language of the 11th century dia had become dá; dia, however, as a literary form lingered on for centuries until the close of the Mid.-Ir. period. Mod. dá (n-), dhá (n-); dár n-, dhár n-. For dá (n-) in the spoken language very commonly dona, modelled on iona. Exx. of dá from the LU: is cumma imthescad dá sciath ┐ dá sleg ┐ dá chlaideb, 79 b 14 ; ib. 27 . da, ib. 36 ; 81 a 25 . Numerous instances from LL in Quiggin Vorton. Wörter 35 . TBC Gloss.

DI + REL. dia n-: Wb. 8 c 11 . 13 b 12 . 13 c 12 . 13 d 25 . 16 c 7 . 19 d 11 . 21 d 4 .— Ml. 14 d 13 . 35 b 24 . 37 a 10 . 54 a 20 . 69 c 7 . 69 d 4 . 118 a 7 .— Sg. 3 a 2 . 30 b 3 . 66 b 10 . 71 a 17 . 197 a 6 . 197 b 12 , 18 . 208 a 7 . Tur. 80 . 131 . diarbu, ib. 22 . Thes. ii 326. 6 ; 328. 36 ; 337. 23 .— With negatives: diná-: dinadrícthe, Wb. 28 b 1 . dinaconbi, Ml. 85 b 7 . dinach, Acr. 23 d 2 = dunach.—MID.-IR. dia n- and dá n- ( LL 56 a 20 . 68 b 28 . 104 a 41 ), cf. poss. pron. above; neg. diná- doná- (di and do): innisis Mac Roth inní dona ragaib, LL 70 b 48 = TBC-LL¹ 1744 . Cf. ib. 2962 . ceol mbind diná fríth cosmailius fo niṁ, Ériu ii 116 § 47 . doná fríth sét ná samail, TTr.² 1711 . LB 136 a 51 . 138 a 12 . 138 b 11 . AFM v 1276. 17 . MOD. dá n-, dhá n-.

DI + PERS. PR. 1 sg. díim, Wb. 2 a 10 . 30 a 24 . díimsa, 7 a 2 . dimsa, 18 a 3 . dím, Ml. 54 d 7 . 95 d 3 . 132 a 10 . Thes. ii 248. 4 ; 351. 5 . dimsa, Ml. 17 b 18 . dimso, 59 a 18 . 2 sg. dít, Ml. 101 b 1 . 3 sg. m. and n. de masc.: Wb. 4 c 12 . 12 a 22 . 26 d 17 . 28 b 6 . Ml. 16 a 10 . 22 d 19 . 32 d 10 . 38 c 9 . 48 d 27 . 48 d 28 . 50 d 1 . 61 b 12 . 127 b 19 . desom, 33 a 5 . 91 a 21 . de, Sg. 59 b 7 . Thes. ii 298. 23 ; 337. 27 . neut.: Wb. 1 a 3 , 9 . 10 b 27 . 11 d 2 . 16 c 4 . 15 d 21 . 17 d 2 . 19 b 10 . 22 a 11 . 24 c 11 . 32 a 2 . 32 c 11 . Ml. 23 c 5 . 24 d 26 . 26 c 2 . 40 b 9 . 69 a 17 . 122 a 2 . Sg. 18 a 1 . 26 b 5 . 72 b 6 . 147 b 3 . 181 a 5 . Thes. i 5. 29 . Ardm. 18 a 1 . Thes. ii 248. 7 ; 253. 8 ; 298. 18 ; 334. 2 ; 33. 26 . dé: issí a pennit dé (not = ade), Wb. 26 b 20 . Ml. 69 d 3 . dæ, Ml. 44 b 1 . See further exx. in Ériu liii 135 . Rhymes with the final syllable of uide, Acall. 6811 ; comairle, 6659 ; Dairíne, 3231 ; ráidimne, 5170 ; fáistine, 6660 ; Laige, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 48. 9 ; uile, 68. 23 ; -se, 74. 25 . 3 sg. f. di (in Mid.-Ir. often dí, also occasionally in O.Ir. dī: lí, Fél. 166.27; . dī: lī: mbī, IT iii.1 § 131 ), Wb. 15 d 20 . 24 d 11 . 28 d 22 . Ml. 42 b 7 . 95 b 2 . 95 d 8 . 96 a 8 . 102 a 15 , 20 . 145 c 3 . Sg. 27 a 13 . 187 b 6 . 188 a 22 . 209 b 10 . di féisin, 199 b 10 . di feisne, 199 b 6 . dissi, Wb. 28 d 22 . 1 pl. díinn, Wb. 25 a 18 . 31 c 25 . díin, 10 d 8 . díinni, 26 b 18 . diínn, 15 b 4 . diín, 26 b 13 . dínn, 15 a 3 24 c 16 . 24 d 10 . dín, Ml. 105 d 7 . din, Ml. 53 d 9 . dínni, Wb. 10 d 8 . 15 a 6 . 24 c 8 . 24 d 24 . 26 a 25 . 26 d 7 . Ml. 87 d 8 . 135 c 1 . dinni, Wb. 15 d 8a . Ml. 91 b 10 . dinne, Thes. ii 335. 43 . 2 pl. díib, Wb. 27 b 11 . díibsi, 14 d 9 . 25 d 21 . diib, 8 c 9 . 23 a 22 . 24 c 14 . diibsi, 17 b 29 . 24 c 16 . diibse, 26 d 19 . diib féisne, 13 a 26 a . díbsi, 14 d 13 . 25 d 20 . 3 pl. díib, Wb. 5 c 2 . 13 a 16 . Ml. 90 b 17 . 90 c 27 . 121 b 8 . Sg. 9 b 10 . 51 b 13 . 73 b 8 . 74 b 4 . 138 b 4 . 149 a 2 . diib, Wb. 4 d 4 , 5 , 6 . 5 a 20 . 7 d 10 . 8 a 17 . 9 c 31 . 9 d 4 . 10 b 1 . 11 a 4 . 13 b 3 . 14 a 29 . 23 a 23 . 27 a 22 . 28 a 20 . 28 c 4 . Ml. 16 d 2 . 19 d 6 . 20 d 4 . 22 b 1 . 40 c 21 . 72 b 17 , 27 . 90 b 19 . 90 c 9 . 98 b 9 . 104 a 8 . 104 d 3 . 107 b 5 . 114 c 15 . 122 d 7 . 137 c 2 . 145 c 7 , 8 . Sg. 15 b 9 . 29 b 16 . 35 b 13 . 38 b 8 . 63 a 9 . 70 b 4 . 106 b 2 . 203 b 6 . 208 b 8 . 215 a 1 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . Thes. ii 23. 38 . diib féisne, Wb. 13 a 26a . díb, not in Wb; Ml. 30 d 13 . 35 a 8 . 42 b 5 . 47 b 6 . 61 b 17 . 96 c 13 . 129 c 18 . 146 a 3 - 3 . Sg. 9 a 18 . 213 b 8 . Thes. ii 320. 24 ; 335. 25 ; 335. 38 ; 344. 19 . dib, Ml. 33 c 13 . 42 c 7 . 44 a 20 . Thes. ii 34. 34 ; 298. 25 ; 310. 34 ; 316. 24 ; 317. 33 ; 330. 11 ; 335. 28 ; 344. 14 .—3 dual . de in cia de ( Wb. 23 b 33 . Sg. 242 a 1 ). nechtar (cechtar) de, q.v.—In the 2 and 3 pl. diib is disyllabic in Wb, monosyllabic only in connection with an enclitic particle. In the 1 sg. and pl. monosyllabic dím and dínn are original. Wb díim, díinn either disyllabic under the influence of the 2 and 3 pl. or, more likely, Wb-spelling for dím, dínn; cf. Wb rúun, ruún, ríi, &c.

MID.- & MOD.-IR. as Oir.—only monosyllabic all through (arch. occasionally diib. in the 2 and 3 pl.): 1 sg. dím, dímm (Mod. d(h)íom); dímsa (d(h)íomsa). 2 sg. dít, dítt (d(h)íot); dítsu, -so, -sa (d(h)íotsa). 3 sg. m. n. de (d(h)e); desin, desen, deside, desium (d(h)eisean). fem. di (d(h)i), dissi, dise (d(h)ise). 1 pl. dín(n), dínne (d(h)ínn, d(h)ínne). 2 pl. díb (d(h)íbh, d(h)íb), díbsi (d(h)íbhse). 3 pl. díb (d(h)íobh, d(h)íob), díbsin, -sen, -side, -sium, -so (d(h)íobhsan, d(h)íobsan). In Mod.- and late Mid.-Ir. the 3 pl. is kept distinct from the 2 pl. by broad bh ( díob, Mon. Tall. 147. 25 ; 15th cent. MS B IV 2, fo. 60 b . ZCP viii 116 st 15 , rhyming with síor. SG 309. 3 ).

DI, DE IN VERB. & NOM. CPDS. dĕ (cf. pron. cpds. 3 sg. m. n.) most frequent before `ro': co nderbadad (but rodíbda, inf. díbdud), ní derban , nís derbrad ( Thes. ii 347. 2 ), conda-dercacha, LU 87 a 29 , -dercaither (doecci), níruderchóin, derchóiniud, niconderérachtar (doérig), -dergaba (dígbáil), -derna, -dergénsat, -derlaig, -derlaiged, -derlaichta (ni dílgai , dílgud), dermar, dermat, co ndermanammar ni (Mil), dernum, todernam (cf. sním), -deroíma (dítiu), ní derscaigi , ní deruarid (diurad).—Cf. further dered `end, remnant' from *de-reth. Before broad ch, bh: -dechuid (but -dichsed, -dich), dechor, debuith. Occasionally before g-: -dénai, dénum. Before v: dead (besides diad, dudí, dudiastae), imper. deich (but -dích, dígal), aisndéis beside aisndís; but de + fo > dú-, Thurn. Hdb. 458 , or diu-: diunag, or deö-: deolaid `poor.' Before ṡ: degaid (beside digaid), deïd (if from + de-ṡed-), desruith; subj. condessin, ( ZCP x 376 ) (but condieig). di + a- >de in demaig, denall, denuas, v. XXXI. di + ad: dedbol. di + an-: denmne. di + aith: dethbir, dethiden. di + en: dessid, dellig, décsiu, -décci, -décmaing `cut off,' decming `impossible.' di + ess: -dér, -dérig, dérge, ( RC xxxvii 22 ) (do-érig), but dírech; deistiu .i. iartaige clainde, H 3.18, 80 . di + in: dindba, fordingrat, dingbail.

di: frequent with us (and fo): diucrae, diuderc, diunach (do-fonig), fordiuclainn, diummus, diupae, diupart, -diurat, diurad, -diuschi, diuscartae ( domfoscarte, Ml. 127 c 20 ). Cf. also diuchtraim, Wi.—Before most consonants: díbad, rodíbairg, díbe, díberg, díbdud, rodibda, díbert, díchenn, díchned, díchetal, -díchliter (díchlith, dícheilt), díchor (rodíchuired), dídnad, dígal, dígbáil, díguin, dílgud, dímeiccem, dírech, díscir, -díltised, díltud, -díxnigedar. Privative dí- very common: di-anim, -asnéte, -chin, -chmairc, -choem, -chretem, -chumuc, -grád, -gu, -ing, -miad, -rim, -thrub. Emphatic dí: díbec, dímór, díthrom (de- rare in this sense, cf. de-ḟordal, der-).

ORIGIN. Italo-Celt. , Ir. dí. In accented position also dĕ. The latter possibly includes the particle dis-, Lat. dis-. Compare especially the distinction made between dí-chor a putting away and de-chor a disagreement, a difference, diversity, and that between dí-taa stands apart and de-buith difference of opinion, dissent. De- from dis- possibly also in dedail. De- was either developed before broad consonants or possibly like Gk. δία it goes back to dis-a (modelled on μητά, κατά = Ir. ceta-). As dĕ- in the great majority of cases has the same functions as dí-, this explanation presupposes a blending of dē and dis in Irish. The original sense of dis- seems preserved only in nominal cpds. in Irish (de-chor, de-buith, de-dail).

OMISSION OF DI. Di is frequently omitted before the second of two substantives connected by ocus or nó: di ael ┐ chrieid, Ml. 102 d 9 . ib. 133 c 1 . Wb. 4 b 5 . BDD § 1 . MacCarthy, 62. 8 f.b. nech dia chlaind nó huib, RC xxiv 202. 17 .— Repeated: Wb. 13 d 7 , 25 c 12 . Ml. 67 b 17 . RC xxv 240 § 13 , 242 § 15 . Acall. 5355 . 7621 . 7677 .

SENSES. Di corresponds in usage closely to Lat. de, which it constantly translates in the Glosses, and with which it was identified by Irish grammarians: optimi de se meriti, gl. díb, Ml. 61 b 17 . de uita certamen, gl. din bethaid suthin, ib. 39 a 1 . exaltasti me de portis mortis, gl. dinaib dóirsib, 27 b 4 . ib. 19 d 18 . 24 c 17 . 25 a 19 . 40 a 6 , 7 . 73 c 12 . Tur. 21 . 59 . 115 . 132 . 140 . Thes. ii 26. 40 , &c.Ml. 27 d 12 it is introduced to render Lat. dis- in vb. cpds.: non dissimulat, gl. ní deintamladar. Like Lat. de it does not usually apply to time, except in a few petrified phrases, such as di chéin, do ló, d'adaig, d'aidchi, &c., cf. XLIX below. It unites the senses of the original ablative, instrumental and genitive.

De, di in a privative and emphatic sense (Lat. di-magis), see above.

A DI IN THE SENSE OF THE ORIGINAL ABLATIVE.—The difference between di and ass (removal of one object from within another) is shown by the following examples: tanísca Cuillius asa thruaill, LU 65 b 36 . tíscáil gái a hálad, O'Dav. p. 120 ; but : amal tíscar cend di luin, LU 71 a 22 . tairbling asa charput, FB § 36 ; but: doarblaing den chamull, Tur. 60 . tuc a lán...asin dabaig medha, Acall. 7399 . amal soersai lóain assin dabaig out of the vat Fél. Ep. 540 (but de lámaib Assar, Ml. 35 b 24 ).

v I With intransitive verbs of motion, denoting departure, separation or moving away from a place or object indicated by the subst., pron., &c., governed by di. Lat. cedere, decedere, discedere, migrare de. Often with verbs containing di- or ass- (as in Lat.).

atraig arises from, stands up from (Lat. de sella, de toro surgere): forchongair ... coire do línad hó bii ┐ Georgi do thabairt ind. atracht a ḟiuchad de cóic cubat déc, PH 1265 . Cf. éirgid: coro érig a ḟeoil ┐ a lethar de, ib. 2144 . aṁal luaithreadh saṁraidh ag eirghe do lár ré gal ngaoithe, TSh. 3. 5 . Cf. also Ml. 21 c 7 : de strato meo matutinus adsurgam, gl. dim dérgud.

bruinnid darts, springs forth from: bruinnid breo di thein, LL 145 a 40 . bruinnid araile díb bréo don teni forsin mac, Cóir Anm. § 54 . Cf. do-bruinn.

con-oscaigi removes from: cumscugud du díglae dín, Ml. 105 d 7 .

conrualae went away, departed : for nem a conrualae cech laithe dind íre what has gone to heaven from the earth Fél. Ep. 26 .

do-airling springs from, descends from: doarblaing den chamull, Tur. 60 (twice). disin doeirbling unde desilit, ib. 59 . beirid eocha lib ┐ ná túirlingid díob, SG 257. 18 .

do-bruinn springs forth, flows from, sprouts : dubrúinn dinaib slébib forsna talmana...in chré fechtnach sin, Ml. 81 c 14 . Cf. 1 bruinnid.

do-cer falls : docer in biail dia samthig, Tur. 131 . co torchair in cochull dib, Thes. ii 335. 28 .

do-érnai escapes from: ní thérna duine di riam gan éc, Acall. 6792 .

do-ic comes : súth nime ticed don draic sin, PH 2491 . táinic aingel Dé do nim, 3467 . 2473 . 5367 .—For the idiom tic dím `I can,' see below.

do-téit comes from, téit goes from: notésstae (sic leg.) di thír ┐ talam na ní sin, Wb. 9 b 19 . tuidecht in popuil di Ægipt, Ml. 130 b 1 . dichoid de muldach Muire which went out from the head of M. Mon. Tall. 127. 10 . coná térna ass acht a ndechaid do rind gai ┐ do gin chlaidib, LMU § 15 . doraga mac duni de nim i lló brátha, RC xxv 234. 15 . doraga in Comdiu de nim, RC iv 248. 3 f.b. do thuidecht do nim, PH 3044. 3087 . cech húair nothéged dia lurgc, BColm. 56. 14 . má ragad cliar dimdach de, Ériu iv 214 st 10 . rachaid in fiad ata urri di, Acall. 7505 . iar ndol a feirge díbh, Cog. 214. 27 .

do-tuit falls from: coel ┐ cumung in drochet co tuitet dia medón isin glend ngaibthech, FA § 22 . mar tuitios baindi daill, O'Gr. Cat. 198 . gur thuit duille na fíréandachta bunadhasaighe dhínn, TSh. 91. 20 . cloch gan láma uirre ag tuitim do ṡliab, ib. 3. 1 .

dul depart from: ré ndul don doṁan so, TSh. 103. 7 .

lingid leaps from: ní asse léim dind béstatu ┐ dind tinchosc, Wb. 5 c 16 .

scáilid parts with: doscaeil in chaillech díob, SG 309. 3 . dond ch., 308. 4 f.b.

scaraid separates from, parts with: nír scar din fognam SG 326. 28 .

scuchaid departs from: scuchaid dím a mallachtnachu LU 32 a 34 . RC iv 248 § 9 . PH 3635 . Cf. LL 92 b 20 : ragab som dá armaib for feraib Hérenn coro scáigsetar dó.

scuirid ceases from: scuirem i fecht sa do scélaib na ṅGaedel, LL 4 a 47 . coná rosguirsed don treathan, MR 256. 11 . scuir don forcetul sin, PH 708 . níor sguireadar den tseolréim sin gur ghabhadar cuan a nEas Dara, OCT 9.20 .

snigid drips from: inbanda uisci glain oc snige anuas don charraic, PH 506 .

teichid flees from: ní techdis na heoin dia chonair reime, Ériu v 20. 14 . oc teiched din tsligid, SG 403. 3 .

trágid ebbs from: trágid in pian díb, FA § 24 .

II With trans. verbs denoting removal, abstraction, expulsion, robbing from, &c. (Lat. abripere, capere, deicere, emittere, eripere, expellere de); particularly after verbs containing di-.

ar-clich wards off: oipni ri airsclaige na gona díb, TTr. 2056 .

ar-scarta sweeps off, casts out: cethri cóicid Hérenn... do aurscartad di Maig Murthemni, RC iii 179. 3 .

benaid (bainid, béim, buain) takes off, cuts off from; wrenches, strips from, &c. ní bas síriu bithus di chend dít, LU 71 a 22 . bí a dornd do Ḟiachaig, ZCP iii 45. 2 . co mbí a chend de, TBC-LL¹ 1309 Y. robean sum a chathbarr dia chind, MR 70. 23 . in cochall gan a buain de, Acall. 4890 . SG 13. 3 . ic búain duilisc do charraic, ZCP v 497 § 11 . a chroiceann do bhuain de, TSh. 190. 19 .

berid takes away from, dobeir, do-ucc-, &c.: ruuc cách a rainn dí sin amal dundgniat geinti dinaib brataib bertae hodie, Ml. 63 c 18 . amal runucad buáid diib, 104 a 8 . rouic búaid diib, Wb. 27 a 22 . Cf. buadigidir, XXXII below. Thes. ii 311. 20 . bec nách ruc ár folta diar cennaib, Siab. Conc. Anecd. iii 49. 1 . ní beir dím sním lobrae, Fél. Prol. 223 . étach berar do aos tuati, Mon. Tall. 154. 42 . nach brat berair do aos étraich, 155. 24 . Acall. 7366. 7931 .— berid coscur de, PH 3515 . 4895 . 4909 . 6275 . 8407 . co ruca braff di, ib. 3513 . go tuc Gamut leis da thig na ceola go teach Grigair, ZCP viii 114. 16 . tucsat a lláma chucu don méis, PH 5136 . breth di, 4200 .

brataid steals from: cétna brat Saxan di Ére, AU A.D. 434 .

cnuasaigid gathers from: do barr in ḟeóir docnuasaigthea in mil, CF 73. 10 .

con-gaib keeps from: ní congebed uacht síne do ḟeiss aidche hi linnib, Thes. ii 315. 2 .

con-scara keeps apart from: co comscara Dia dínn a mbruth, Otia ii 96 § 27 .

con-sní gains from: ag cosnum mennato dia bráithrib RC xxiv 176. 4 .

cuirithir puts away from: cuirid díib in nere so, Wb. 27 b 11 . n do chor diib, Sg. 106 b 2 . rochuir a mertnigi de, SCC § 31 . dénum aithrige co cuirmis dind ní diar cintaib, MacCarthy 62. 1 f.b. cor chuir in cathbarr de, Acall. 7931 . SG 13. 3 . PH 451 . iar ccor in tṡaoghail dé having retired from the world AFM 847 .

dlomaid removes, expels from: dlomais dóib da thír díles, LL 152 b 45 .

do-airindi, -tairinni lowers : aṁail do turnadh an chloch don tṡlíabh, TSh. 3. 20 .

do-boing exacts (a tax) from: toibgigthur éric dit, Laws ii 16. 6 ; ib. i 136. 11 , v 422. 20 . fuil Críst do thabach dia clannaib, PH 3287 . a lín in tṡluaigh doboing bretha dín, RC xvii 143. 19 .

do-cuirethar, vn. díchor, puts away, prevents from: bod ríg Érenn acht co ṅdíchuirea Luirig do neart ata forin neclais, BB 208 a 38 . díchor da cach dualaig, Alex. 824 .

do-ecmaing, -ecmaing cuts off : coneccmaing a láimdói di Lugaid, RC iii 182. 3 . décmaing a chend de, LL 291 b 3 . RC xiii 46 § 58

do-esc-, tesc- cuts off : doneiscend a chend den mil TBF, ZCP iv 41 . 5 (YBL). do chlaideb féin tescfas dít do chend, Dinds. § 36 . tescthar de a lám, RC x 68. 15 . gur thesc barr a thengad de, Cóir Anm. 279 . gur thesc a chenn da cholann, Sechrán 66 .

do-feid, do-díat leads from: as nert Dæ dudaruid som du cech imniud, Ml. 63 b 12 . oca tuididen di cech imniud, ib. 92 c 5 .

do-foscart-, -diuscart removes : díuscart dím an delg, Thes. ii 248. 4 . díscart dín in nécin fil fornd, LU 63 b 9 . nodiuscartiss de, BColm. 94. 22 .

do-fúarcaib, tócbál, etc. raises from: ní thuargaib a cend dia glún, LMU § 17 . tuarcabad dímm a náirde tegdais i rraba, PH 3728 . toicébut sa mo thinnscrai dhít, Lism. L. 1159 . dosnócaib do lár, Trip. 552. 8 . cioth rod-tógbhuais dot choilcthaib, ITS v 20. 10 .

do-gaib, vn. dígbáil, takes away from: dirogbad a díib, Sg. 9 b 16 . ná digebad cid a oenḟocul dia briathraib si nó di briathraib ind cáich cossa fuided, Mon. Tall. 150. 5 . ó ndígaibther .vi. lathi díbsin, PH 4931 .

do-ícsa takes off : bithus di chend dít amal tíscar di luin, LU 71 a 22 . ní thíscad a drucht do rind ind ḟeoir FB § 88 .

do-ingaib, vn. díngbáil, keeps off from: Dia dím cech saeth doringba, Thes. ii 351. 5 . FA § 16 . a Dhia cidh ná dingbai dínd in cia why keepest Thou not the mist off from us? RC xvii 143. 17 . BColm. 92. 17 . PH 344. 7233 . dingaib dind na hamaiti, Acall. 6767 . 4416 . 5463 . 6975 . 7143 . 7680 .

do-léci lets go, throws, lets down: condarlicthe tech immunn di nim, Wb. 15 c 13 . tairlaicid forchai tentide dina nemdaib a fiery bolt was hurled from the skies Trip. 60. 19 . ind long...doleced do nim, FA § 2 . rotelged... do neim, BColm. 64. 8 . theilgeas na daoine i dtiaich na talṁan do chlár táiplisi an tsaoghail, TSh. 26. 2 . teilc tart doit, Thes. ii 258. 12 (one expects dít).

do-seinn hunts : rotaiphnedh socraite Poimp don muigh, CCath. 5769 .

fennaid flays : iar ḟendad a chrocind ┐ a ḟindfaid dia chind, PH 6578 .

fo-ceirt throws from: focertam fial diínn, Wb. 15 b 4 . amal foceirt nech a ætach de, 32 c 11 . facheird dia aicniud, Ml. 94 c 8 .

fóidid sends : fóidis Dia Michel do nim, SR 1918 .

foxul, toxul remove from: iar foxul s diib, Sg. 15 b 9 . ferann da togslaidther in athgabáil, Laws i 302. 17 .

gaibid takes (away) from, keeps from: gabáil mo gotha dím, Ml. 95 d 13 . masa gabáil rogabu de in mac sin, Laws v 200. 12 . ní gebed di dul ind, Thes. ii 315. 22 ; ib. 333. 1 .—Frequent in the phrase gaibid desemrecht di takes example from: co ngaba cách d. dit gnímaib, Wb. 31 c 8 . 7 b 14 . 24 c 8 , 14 . 26 a 25 . 26 b 7 , 13 , 18 . 26 d 7 , 17 . 28 a 20 . 30 a 24 . 32 a 2 . Ml. 22 b 1 . 30 d 13 . 118 a 7 . cu ragabthai se desmberecht dimm, PH 5272 . ib. 3573 .

gataid takes away from, lops off; steals from: ní gatda diib imnetha in betho, Wb. 10 b 1 . mar ragatad a chend de Chormac, LL 52 b 7 . gatsat mo uli indmas dím PH 704 .

glanaid clears away from, expels from: glanais a luathred di lár ind lis, LU 23 b 12 . Mac Moga ┐ Eocho glanait sluago Mumnech do chlár Lifi Lagnech, LL 35 b 10 .

gluaisid moves from: gluasacht oenubuild díob de lár Mon. Tall. 145. 18 .

in-árban expels from: indarpe s de genitin ejection of `s,' Sg. 77 b 2 . Usually constructed with ass.

laaid casts from: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅdé diib, Ml. 16 d 2 . rolá in cennide dia chind, ScM. § 3 . rolá a bratt de, PH 1128 . 7084 . Cf. rolái dó a étach, ib. 5242 .

léicid puts away from: fár léigis díot do choimét, SG 260. 11 . ná leic meisi don chroich sin, PH 2471 . anté leigeas de gan bheith ag smuaineadh, TSh. 7. 5 ; same phrase 9. 19 .

leoid cuts off from: co roleoad dia bun, Ériu iv 134. 11 .

scáilid loosens from, releases from: BB 364 a 40 . rosgaoil macc an chuill dá héill, Tor. Dh. Oss. 182 . co roscáil de fochetóir, PH 2195 . atá mian orm sgaoileadh dhíom, TSh. 75. 14 . leaves alone: sgaoil don médail!, RC xxix 220 .

scipaid sweeps or snatches away from: cor scib dím in díliu, Ériu iv 128. 15 . an ceann lem ingin do sgiobfainn dod chaolsgrog, Midnight court 652 . ib. 709 .

taithmigid loosens from: taithmidig a chuibrige de PH 2227 . assan i cuibrech ┐ ócech immalle fria. taithmigid díb, ib. 4372 . 2223 ; with do = di, 2112 , 4888 .

-talla takes off: tiagsa contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58 c 6 . nico tald som dér dia gruad, Mon. Tall. 153. 23 . an bic co tall mo léni dím, LL 277 a 19 . antan tallus mo chéill dia thorbu dam, Ériu iv 134. 11 . tallsat in étach de PH 3300 .

tremi-beir transfers from: crux ainm do gním in chrochtho acht tremiberar di suidiu conid ainm dun chrunn, Wb. 8 a 5 . Ml. 2 b 17 . 21 c 3 .

III With verbs denoting salvation from, protection from, cure of:

aingid: nonanich Dia di cach imniud, Wb. 16 a 4 . Dia mór mo anacol de mur teintide, ACC 4 .

cobraid helps out of: cabair mé don díchumang sa, BColm. 62. 11 . fuarus sa mo chabair do cach docamail irraba isin tsægal, YBL 164 a 31 .

do-eim rescues from (orig. `demit'): conidnderoimed di lámaib Sauil, Ml. 55 d 4 .

do-essoirc saves : dumesurc sa din (sic leg.) galar fúail se, Thes. ii 248. 11 . donnesmart...do, etc., 322. 10 .

ícaid saves from: ár nícc donaib galaraib i mbiam, Ml. 107 c 8 . isindí rondannícais ni din derchoiniud hísin, 89 a 6 . din galar, 48 b 2 , 48 d 28 . dun g., 61 a 34 . dun tedmaim, 123 c 3 . donaib imnedaib, 35 c 20 .— íccfaid side (i.e. Dia) cách dia cintaib, PH 6475 .

soeraid id.: nobsóirfa si Dia dinab fochidib, Wb. 11 b 4 . di peccad, 24 c 18 . nonsoer ni di dóiri...dinaib pecthaib ┐ donaib adradaib idal dorigensam, Ml. 46 b 26 . din dóiri, 81 a 7 . de d., Fél. Ep. 532 . din galar, Ml. 48 a 21 . 61 a 37 . dinaib fochidib, 19 b 2 , 11 . 24 a 17 . 26 d 12 . di f., 20 a 12 . ( Fél. Ep. 520 ). dinaib imnedaib, 27 a 7 - 8 . 102 d 17 . donaib i., 89 a 2 . di lámaib (Asar, mu námat, &c.), 35 b 24 . 53 d 6 . 55 d 6 . 61 d 2 . 68 a 2 . 84 c 15 . 90 c 18 . Fél. Ep. 528 . du l., Ml. 91 d 4 . pro liberatione .i. di lámaib A., 72 d 6 , 7 . di chumachtu Assar, 112 c 12 . cum saluata sis, gl. di chumachtu A., 107 a 2 . saluum eum fecit Deus .i. di ingraimmim Abisolon, 87 c 1 . di thein, Thes. ii 302. 5 .— Fél. Ep. 512 . 516 . 524 . 536 . 552 . 556 . rosaerad Abraham dona gáibthib, PH 5885 . Three Hom. 92. 29

With omission of the verb: di thólu æchtrann ┐ námat di phlágaib tened ┐ nóine save us from Thes. ii 256. 11 .

IV After verbs denoting cleansing, clearing, purging, washing:

nigid cleanses from. in sruth niges anmand na næm din (v.l. don) chutrumma chinad noslenand, FA § 16 .

V With verbs denoting restraint, prevention or prohibition (di + dat. pers. or dat. rei). quis nos impediuit..., gl. dind riuth forsa robith, Wb. 20 b 1 .

ar-fuirig keeps back from: ma arfuirestae díb in taidchur, Ml. 47 b 6 .

ar-gair forbids : ní argart recht díinn, Wb. 31 c 25 . prohibentes nos, gl. .i. dínni, 24 d 24 . prohibere, gl. .i. diib féisne nó di nach aile, 13 a 26 a . ní bói ní aridgarad de, Ml. 72 b 6 . din, 53 d 9 . dím, 132 a 10 . argérat ítaid díib, 121 b 8 , with which comp. Mon. Tall. 147. 25 : ní argara ítid díob, and RC ix 474. 21 : cumma aranggairtis gortai ┐ íttaid díb na hubla; -argarad dit, BDD § 13 .

ar-troetha restrains from: artróidfea siu inna drochdáini dia nanduch, Ml. 134 d 3 .

baccaid hinders : nír bacadh dibh no one hindered them Lism. L. 3208 . an aithne bhacas dín the commandment that hinders us MacCur. p. 110 .

con-gaib restrains from: níscongbaitis .i. di ersolcud a ngena, Ml. 55 a 18 .

con-secha id. coiscid do bar nimresuin, Fen. 182. 5 . coscther a gin de golgaire, TTr. 1068 . Ériu v 190 l. 472 . coisg dá luadh, Each. Iol. 59. 3 .

do-airmesca, -tairmesca hinders : ní rotoirmescad dibso toidecht, PH 575 . Cf. nadat torbad .i. nachat tairmescad dit gaisciud, LL 262 a 21 . Cf. SG 22. 2 , 16 .

VII After fris-toing abjures : mani cometsam dear tolaib ┐ ma fristossam dear pecthib, Cambr. 37 c .

VIII After anaid ceases from, rests from, orig. `to breathe...from' (cf. ἀναπνέω with gen.): ná anam di dénum maith, Wb. 20 c 14 . iarsindí ronan hua céin di aisndis dun popul, Ml. 126 b 1 . de molad Dé ni anad, Thes. ii 315. 1 ( anad do molad, PH 2418 . ) rogess dó anad de, LL 288 b 16 . an dím, ib. 119 a 25 . ní anfem de, Lec. 150 a 1 = BB 326 b 4 . anad dind imguin, SCC § 36 . roansat dia nimratib FB § 72 . anad de thinsaitin, LL 159 b 2 . do imthecht LU 22 b 3 . 25 a 16 . ó and oc are competing prepositions.

IX In the construction of such verbs as beogidir revives from, sonartnaigidir becomes strong from: a mbeogud dia marbad, Mon. Tall. 147. 17 . a rrosonartnaigestar din galar hi robae, Ml. 49 b 4 .—Cf. Speijer Scr. Synt. § 100 n. 2 .

X After verbs denoting surpassing, excelling:

deligid surpasses : deligfit a ndegláich de deglaechaib fer nÉrenn, LL 57 a 16 .

do-róscai surpasses, excels : ní derscigem nech di alailiu, Wb. 2 a 14 . doroschither dano diib, Ml. 107 b 5 . di hilib, 40 a 18 . Sg. 40 a 6 , 7 , 8 , 17 . 42 a 1 . doróscaisset maic Israhel donaib cenélaib cocríchthaib, Ml. 119 d 3 . di neuch, Sg. 43 a 3 . 45 a 11 ; further 42 a 1 , 5 . 42 b 2 , 3 . 40 a 13 . Thes. ii 335. 43 .— dirósced Cuchulainn diib uile, LU 121 b 21 . roderscaig do mnáib Érend, 48 a 25 . darrósci de rígaib, LL 237 b 5 . FB § 1 . CCath. 279 . SG 345. 2 , &c.

ro-uc prevails over, outstrips : a ned ruc do chéli do ócaib domoin...roucaiseo di mnáib Ulad, FB § 18 . a ned rucc grian do rennaib nime rucaisiu de mnáib domain uile, ib. § 19 . roucsaidse...do sluagaib na tíri sin ule, § 93 . ruc Íth de brithemnaib Hérend, LL 12 a 17 . corruc díb Ír mac Miled...do cach luing, ib. 12 b 22 .

XI In the construction of verbs denoting lack or want of. The preposition which originally depended on the verb often comes to be associated with a neighbouring noun or pronoun in a partitive sense.

ar-tá stands before, confronts, remains: becc arabí do uidi do neuch, Anecd. iii 21. 11 .

do-esta is wanting : andudesta di foirbthetu for nirisse, Wb. 1 a 9 . 23 d 17 . ma dudesta ní dibar niris, 25 a 30 . tesarbae óinloman de, 17 d 2 . aní dodesta di chomalnad, 26 d 8 , cf. ea quae desunt .i. diar niris, 31 b 2 . ut nihil desit, gl. dia forcitul, 31 d 15 . Ml. 94 c 10 . Acr. 3 c . Thes. ii 13. 27 ; 33. 19 ; 33. 26 .—dá bliadain teasda do dá ḟichet = thirty-eight years, Cog. 140. 21 (B). dís testa do ḟichit = eighteen AU ii 230. 15 . oenlá tesbaid di fichit nineteen days SR 6814 . a ndotesta dit nirt, SCC § 13 . ní theseba do slondud su don tír se, Dinds. § 127 . —Competing prepos.: ass, Wb. 28 d 31 . Hy. v 88 .

do-fuarat remains, is left over . Prep. no longer connected with the verb: forsan dered duruarid dib, Ml. 44 a 20 . nícon diurat ní dib dia æs (partitively), 72 b 17 . do neoch rothiruarthestar din churp doenna, RC xxv 242. 8 .

mairid is left over, remains : ó nár mair do thrí cathaib na Féinde acht mad Oisín, Acall. 7906 . issed romairistar d'iarsma na muintire, 7903 .

XII After verbs and substantives denoting disgust, abhorrence of:

lius: amal nadngaib lius di suidiu is samlid insin nísgaib som lius di fordiuclaimmim mu thuaithe se, Ml. 34 b 6 .

XIII With verbs denoting buying from, receiving from. Lat. emere, redimere, mercari, accipere de aliquo.

ar-fóim receives from: anmman araḟóimtar di dánaib ut doctor de doctrina , Sg. 156 b 4 . combed de láim anmcharat arfemad sacrafaic, Mon. Tall. 146. 26 . is do láim ind anmcharat is cóir airitiu in tsacrafaic, 146. 23 . de aiti, 160. 18 .

cennaigidir buys from: is díles in mac sin don fer isa ben coro chendaigther de, Laws v 200. 12 . ceinnechutsa fín lógmar díb, LB 139 a 51 .

crenaid id.: ní cria di ṡecht mbaethaib file la Féne .i. di mnái di chimbid di mesc di drúth, &c., Tec. Corm. § 19 .

do-oggell(a), ZCP x 377 , LEIA D-172-73 . buys from: issed doruagell diib AU A.D. 963 . doruachell lógu móra don scolaigi, LB 213 a 56 .

XIV After verbs denoting asking, begging, demanding . Lat. quaerere, percontari de aliquo.

fisraigid inquires : dḟiosruig de, Gadelica ii 91. 6 .

guidid begs : in clam gáde ailgis dí, Thes. ii 339. 5 . nathir...gáid dím a tichtu i Pardos, SR 1322 . gáid side di mithisse .vii. ṁbliadan, LU 134 b 12 . But also with do ( LU 61 b 22 ; LL 288 b 16 ; 124 a 14 ) and co ( SR 2171 ).

iarmi-foig asks : with di and do in Mid.- as in Mod.- Ir.; the oldest sources seem to prefer do: iarfaigis dó, FB § 39 . iarmoracht dosom, Mon. Tall. 137. 2 . roiarfacht scéla dó, Trip. 122 . LU 113 a 22 . dia coic .i. do B., Thes. ii 334. 41 . doib (v.l. dibh) ib. 323. 9 . Mid.-Ir. usually di; de, Acall. 2854 . 3646 . 6445 (do only in proclisis as 6546 ); PH 1802 . 1960 . 2611 . 2621 . 3106 . 6579 . 7294 , &c.

XV In the construction of dligid (ar-dlig) in Mid.-Ir., competing with do.—OLD-IR. do: (a) dlegair domsa precept do chách, Wb. 1 b 8 . dlegair do neuch attlugud buide do Dia, Ml. 55 a 7 . (b) dligim ní duit I have a claim upon thee, Wb. 32 a 20 . rodligestar ní dó, Ml. 36 a 29 . MID.-IR. (a) di: ní dlegar díb dol a cath, BColm. 102. 3 . ardlig dín a cetol, Fél. June 1 . a ndermat ní dlegar dím, LL 137 a 12 . dlegar dínn ár nimcaissin do thimorcain PH 6870 . ib. 4098 . 4157 . 4168 . 4182 . 6514 , &c. ní díom dlegar, SG 320. 35 . do: dlegair do neuch cloechlód inaid do dénum, PH 6464 . (b) duine trúag dia rodlecht rí Laigen lind, Thes. ii 337. 23 . rodlig Lugaid fíacha de SG 253. 7 . orguin rodligestar Ingcél díb to which I. had been entitled from them BDD § 23 . dligid Colmán screpall de, BColm. 94. 27 . dligim dítsu, RC iii 184 . In this sense do is not used in Mid.-Ir.

XVI After verbs denoting eating, drinking from. (orig. abl. or gen.). Competing prep.: ass.

ibid drinks from: assibsem imróol di rath in spirito, Wb. 12 a 17 . de turbulento riuo ... potare .i. dint sruth buadarthu, Ml. 2 b 3 . ité ata mou atoibet do thopur ecna na deachta, PH 6238 . cachaen ibius ní de (.i. din tobur), Acall. 6778 . —ass: ibhis digh móir aisti (sc. assin tsíthal), Acall. 7151 .

óol drink from: deug mór du óul din dígail, Ml. 94 c 12 .

loimm sip from: is loimm de (v.l. do) romuir, Fél. Ep. 41 .

ithid eats : mad a lourtu noestais diib, Ml. 98 b 9 .

XVII After verbs (words) denoting choice or selection out of a number or quantity.

do-roígu has chosen : nípat hé indíi beta thuicsi di Iudeib, Wb. 4 c 40 . toga díb sin choose of them ZCP viii 318. 4 . aitire dogó de manchaib, Ériu i 220. 6 .

XVIII In the construction of do-rorban profits by, from: is mór a thorbe de dúnni, Wb. 1 a 3 . níbtá torbe de, 19 b 10 . connach bi tarbe dúinde de, Acall. 4213 .

XIX Di with ellipse of verb between two substantives, indicating removal of the former from the latter: dá mad gnáth mairb a talmain nó fuilt do chennaib dáine, Acall. 7062 . a cind dona druídib ┐ dona filedaib mani fintar cia doróne ...shall lose their heads ZCP iii 5 § 15 . Cf. usce dia mbassaib do dhig fair, MacCarthy 70. 13 .

XX Expressing position with regard to, (north, south, &c.) of: amal rundgab Slíab Sion andes ┐ antuaid dun chathraig, Ml. 67 d 14 . in tulach lethaniar do Themraig, Acall. 7897 . allathís dia ṡúil below his eye PH p. 630 b . suas de, Thes. ii 314. 7 . Cf. Sliabh Cruadha do thaobh dhé, ML 22. 12 .

XXI Ml. 55 c 1 : hi telaig ba nessam dind slóg, dind seems to stand for older dund (nessa do geintib, Wb. 2 b 17 . cid as nesu dúin, LL 258 b 43 . LB 219 a 70 . dó LU 62 b 40 ); but both constructions might be old. Cf. Lat. proximus with dat., abl. and ab, and Umbr. nesimei asa deveia (abl.), Iguv. 6 a .

XXII-XXXI ABLATIVUS ORIGINIS—denoting derivation, descent, source, starting-point or the like.

XXII After dotéit, do-ic (cf. I supra) ásaid, imfolngai, forcomnacair indicating the source (thing or person) whence anything originates or is acquired. dotéit: ished dothéit de tre ilar na ndáne, Wb. 22 a 11 . cid mall ished dodechuid de, 24 c 11 . anda lim ol sisi dorraga ní don mac sin something will come of that boy Mon. Tall. 150. 26 . is de taett ár tárcud ne, BColm. 98. 9 . do-ic: táinigc maith an tsámaid sa dom thoisgc cucu good has come to this congregation from my journey to them BColm. 98. 11 . de tháinig a thiughlaithi, MacCarthy 420. 4 (BB). táinig don smuaineadh sin gur dhiúlt sé dáinius an tṡaoghail, TSh. 13. 12 . thiocfadh de, dá dtiocfadh, ib. 14. 28 ; 34. 2 f.b. ; 48. 13 ; 65. 1 ; 80. 11 . IDIOM. ní tic dím I cannot (orig. it cometh not from me; for the sense-development cf. Acall. 7680 ): ní tic din (sic leg.) astud we cannot keep RC v 200 § 12 . tic dimsa, ib. ní thic dim a náirim uli, LU 39 a 12 . ní thicfad don domun uli, LB 145 a . ní thic dimm a nindise uli, PH 503 . do neoch, IT i 169. 21 . with do: ní thic dún a rád, LL 29 b 2 . ásaid: síl Aeda diar ásair mór ríg, LL 185 b 1 . iseadh fásas desin, MacCarthy 122. 2 (BB). fásaid in maith se díb co menic, PH 7963 . —im-folngai causes, effects : imforlinged mór namri de, Wb. 15 d 21 . Ml. 69 d 4 . déde immefolngi dundí contuarcar, Ml. 34 a 27 . condib degním immefolngither de, 23 c 5 . imfolngar gním di suidib fochetoir, 31 d 10 . a folad dia nimmolṅgaithær uox the substance from which vox is produced Sg. 3 a 2 . The last ex. shows how close is the connection between this sense and that of XXVII (c). forcomnacair has come from, is formed from, v. foll.

XXIII Expressing the origin or derivation of a name .

(a) name from: denominatiua, gl. de rét ailiu roainmnichthe, Sg. 31 a 5 . ainmnigud dind rét as mám and, 77 a 5 . doberr ainm ṅdóib din gním gníte, 156 b 6 = PCr. 65 b 1 . a fogur dia forcomnacair, Sg. 30 b 3 . mbruigfer cid ara neper? dí lín a mruige, Laws iv 31 . Lugaid...is desin ráiter Gairbḟerand claidim Luigdech, RC xxiv 186. 16 .—Often approaching or passing into the sense of `cause.' is ainm sanctus dó dind rubríci sin, Ml. 37 b 19 . amal asrobrad leusom donaib feraib trénaib di inni a nneirt asrobrad donaib ídlaib di inni a nenartae, 37 b 24 . asberam sanctos doib dint sainriud inna nóibe techtae, 37 b 16 .

(b) gram. derived from: Aniendae di anmmaim ind ṡrotho, Sg. 35 b 7 . rosarium .i. bróinde nó rostae .i. de rosa dind luib, 35 b 2 . celae dondí as caelestem , 9 a 2 .

XXIV Connecting two substantives, of which the latter indicates the source whence the former has come or is brought (cf. XIX): pane caeli, gl. in sásad di nim, Ml. 123 c 15 . Iudae Machabeo, gl. di Macha civitate , 67 b 16 . sacaird dí triub Leui, Tur. 6 . Lassar di cheniul C., Ardm. 17 a 2 ; 18 a 1 (dia desciplib di Laignib); 18 b 1 § 15 . lam nóib di Laignib, Thes. ii 326. 2 . Dé de nimib, Hy. vi 19 . Nár thuathech di thuathaib Cruithnech di chlaind Lóith LL 138 b 13 . cométaid di muintir nime, Snedg. u. Mac R 37. 6 . dias dAlbain is do Lochlaind, ib. 13 . Nechtán de Albae, Fél. Jan. 8 . Émene de Brú Berbae, Dec. 22 . Ep. 396 . láir do Chorco Ché rodnalt, ZCP viii 307. 30 . ib. 313. 32 ; 110. 5 . Ériu iv 104. 5 , 15 ; 106. 15 . luisse do ṡléib a flash from a mountain, 102. 15 . daig do sléib, Rawl. 84 b . dig den tiprait, Ériu iv 100. 15 .—do ṡíl Rosa (the npr. follows) LL 314 a 18 .

XXV Indicating racial origin, descent .

cinid springs, descends from: cinsiu di churp ríg sceo rígnai, FB § 22. 3 . conid díb rochinset in dá tharb, LL 246 b 51 . cinfid di ṡíl Chuind, ZCP iii 461. 16 . nír chin a choṁaosa dia chined i naonaimsir, AFM 1788. 5 . Competing prep.: ó ( Wb. 4 c 6 ; LL 46 a 34 , &c.).

gainithir is born from: ó óinsíl rogénartar dá macc de, Wb. 4 c 12 . cuirp genit...dina sílaib dereolaib, LU 37 a 31 . geinfid maccán dia fine, Three Hom. 98. 23 . co ngeinfitis cinedu iumda dia ṡíl, PH 2260 . oen is mesa rogen ┐ genfes do ṡíl Adaim, 3079 .—More usual with ó.

do-fuissim v. XXIX (c). is di v. XXVI. attá di v. XXIX.

XXVI After the copula.

(a) indicating the group, person or thing whence anything originates or of which it is a part.

(α) type † ba di Grecaib Aichil: di chlaind Cham ind Egiptacdai, Ml. 99 b 7 . ba do Ḟraṅccaib máthair inna clainne, Thes. ii 309. 19 . ba díb in tṡaergein Slaṅga, LL 5 b 23 . corub do muinntir Finn iat, Acall. 3142 . cúicir druad...ba díb Badgna, díb Cathbad drái, 2543 . do lucht in tíre seo hé, 7476 . do Thuathaib Dé Danann issí, 3907 . asberat bid di lucht na luinge...in tEugan Táidlech, ZCP viii 313. 23 . ib. 26 . ba de Ultaib a bhunudhus, RC vi 174. 8 . Ériu iv 140. 20 .— is din chorp in ball, Wb. 22 c 18 . ní díbsem in comsuidigud, Sg. 213 b 8 . is do chóicid Chondacht in ferann sin, RC xxiv 186 § 20 . PH 5766 . 2589 .

(β) type †ba di Grecaib do Aichil indicating racial origin: de Iudéib do Barnaip di geintib do Thit, Wb. 18 d 6 . di Iudéib doib, 27 d 4 . as ndi thalam do that he is of the earth Ml. 68 c 4 . di chlaind Thessei dóib .i. di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31 b 2 . ropo do Dáil Choncobair dosom, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is dár sluagaib duitsiu a Ḟerguis, TBC-LL¹ 753 . can do Ḟind? do Laignib ar Cáilte, Acall. 6547 . Finn...do chlannaib Baiscne dó, 7307 . as do Leith Cuinn dó, 2029 . ní dibh dóibh ZCP viii 112. 1 . ib. 112. 4 . Todd Nenn. 224. 30 .—Cf. d'oendreim dóib is d'aencháraid they were of one company and of one yoke (of horses), BColm. 90. 11 .—Rarely of things or abstracts (as type α): is de corpore dissi (of the eye), Wb. 12 a 26 . prouindsi Aroandum didiu, do rigi Magnuis Cam dhi, ZCP i 388 . Hence the change of construction, Ériu iv 140. 19 : de chloind Míled dúindi ┐ do Grécaib ár mbunad.

(b) indicating the origin of a name: is de is named from: corub díb...na trí tulcha, Acall. 6517 .

XXVII After the subst. verb.

(a) of origin, descent, native place : nícon bia rí dit chlaind, ZCP viii 315. 24 . manodfil fer di chlaind Airt i nÉre ishé in fer sin, 311. 34 . Most frequent diatá from whom is (are) ZCP viii 293 pass. dia rabatar Mic Conchubair, 294. 21 .— cathrach dia rabi, PH 1635 . Cf. also Ml. 103 d 9 : cum totius gentis interitu, gl. connaconbeth ní du Israheldaib.

(b) of issue, consequence : ní bia bríg desium, Mon. Tall. 154. 11 . biaid olc de, LMU § 10 . regma amin cibed bias nde ZCP iv 46. 16 . ní bia debaid de, Ériu iv 108 st 69 . ised rombia de, ZCP vi 267 § 8 . TBC-LL¹ 1896 . PH 2647. 4745 . is eol dam a mbias de, Fianaig. 26. 7 . atá so de this results from it ZCP viii 317. 36 . cid bias din gai seo, RC iii 179. 28 ; 180. 4 f.b. inní dia fuil a marbad, Fianaig. 50. 19 ; v. XLV (a).

(c) of the origin or derivation of a name: atá di is named from. is de attáa Féna Forfid, Ardm. 18 a 1 . Colmán mac Duach diatá Cell meic Duach, Ériu i 44. 1 . conid de atá Cnoc in Banchuire, Acall. 2851 . isam mebrach inní dia fuil, 7305 . is díb atá Ferb in Trír, 7349 . inní dia raibe, 6451 . is desin atá, 7880 . Ériu iv 140. 8 .—Cf. conid desin atá in seanḟocul, RC xxiv 194 § 8 .

(d) makes a part of, belongs to, v. XXXIII (k).

(e) of the stuff or material, v. XXIX (b).

XXVIII The idiom attá di such is originally meant it follows, comes, results from (XXVII (b) supra), is because of . A similar usage occurs with do-ic: dothicfad dia nimut nách biath anóir forro = such would be their abundance that they would not be valued ZCP i 386. 10 ; and with rosaig: rossaig do binne a labartha conid, &c., TBith. 101 . —For the sense-development cf. especially: consternatus sum, gl. atá di thrummai na fochaide insin, Ml. 23 a 19 , which might be translated: this results from the heaviness of the tribulations. robói du méit a pecthae som combu uisse a nepeltu i nóinecht so great were their sins that...(orig. it followed from the greatness of their sins, &c.), Ml. 98 c 6 . robói du chensi Duaid conná rogaid do Dia dígail for Saul, ib. 55 d 4 . búi dá cosṁailes ná haithned nech fer seoch a chéile díb, CCath. 2051 . atá do gére theinedh ifrinn dá ndoirtidi fairgi an domain na chenn nách turnfadais aenraed dá thes, RC xxiv 381. 14 . atá do ṁét an ḟuachta atá and, ib. 17 , 20 , 24 , 26 , 28 , 30 . búi dia noemi coná rolámsat a marbad, PH 552 . —si sanctorum pedes lauauit, gl. marusbói di humaldóit, Wb. 28 d 29 . ni tha dia méit, 5 b 10 . ní rabæ di esamni Duaid co naipred, &c., Ml. 33 c 17 . attá di ṡeirc la laitnóri inna nGrec co seichetar cid a comroircniu, Sg. 1 a 2 . rosbúi do bríg they had such grace Snedg. u. Mac R 9. 2 . búi do méd a ratha such was his grace Ériu v 20. 6 . robói d'imarcraidh egla forro conná fededar..., CCath. 776 . robúi do méd do cinedaib roclói Poimp conice sin nárbo miad leis, &c., 275 . atá d'iomat maigeanta as díolarrdhacht maisdeadh such is the abundance of my intelligence ML 124. 5 . dobí d'ḟebas a ṁebra gacha cluinedh tiar is tair dobíodh aige do mebair, SG 108. 7 . bói d'ḟebus in fethme...co, &c. LB 156 b 28 . dobai d'ḟeabhus aimsire...go fuabradais fognamaig na fearann gan feidhm MR 102. 7 . dobí dá thinneasnaighe tháinic , SG 27. 28 . dobhí dá rothes, 22. 13 . búi dia luas som cu cengailtea a marcaig isna dillaitibh, ZCP i 382. 2 . atá dia sruthi ┐ dia huaisli na hesergi co mbátar..., PH 3424 . Acall. 3119 . In late Mid.-Ir. also with a personal subject: ní bíd dá bochta nech isin domun ná bá hécen dó a ícc, LB 132 b 7 , for Oir. †ní bí di bochtai neich, &c. no one is so poor. atá da faide fodhes iatsen (Stokes' emendation unjustified) ná faicet acht blogh bec don tṡechtar rét, CCath. 1583 . — di méit...feib as much...as: itá do mét dethiden ┐ gráda cáich díbsium feib oc araili, RC xxv 246 § 24 . Cf. XLVIII.

XXIX Indicating the material or substance of which anything is made or consists .

(a) between two substantives (for orig. gen.), connecting the material immediately with the thing, type: tob di humu a bronze trumpet Ml. 2 b 16 . críol di croccund róin a basket of sealskin Thes. ii 347. 33 . cros dit sailiu, ib. 249. 3 . mílech de ór, BDD § 1 . tuagmila di ór ┐ airget, ib. léine dei ṡítiu, ib. ecor de ór, ib. cúaich di ór, Anecd. iii 50. 20 . bruidni do dergór, 51. 2 . brat d'olaind Tíre Tarrṅgaire, Acall. 7268 . cimus do bánór, ib. léine do tṡroll ríg, 7415 ; do tṡída buide, 7660 . coróin do spínib PH 3296 . cros de ór, MacCarthy 38. 7 . ib. 38. 3 .—Competing with the gen.: amdabach do sciathaib, Acall. 6940 : amd. sciath, LU 65 a 6 . MR 142. 3 . én dergóir, MacCarthy 38. 8 ; cúaich óir, LL 22 b .

(b) attá di is made of, consists of: dá maelassa imma chosaib ┐ ní feas cia luib dia rabadar, Ériu iv 138. 28 . inar corccra...┐ ní fess cia luib dia robi, PH 2854 .

(c) after verbs signifying `to make, to shape, to produce, create; to be made,' &c. Lat. de aliquo fit aliquid; facere, componere, comparare, fabricari (aliquid de aliquo).

con-utaing builds up: amail cumtaiges inna curpu móra dena sílaib dereolaib ┐ dano amail rochumtaig na curpu dermara den dligud nemaicside ┐ den dligud nemchorptha, RC xxv 242. 10 . is sochma do Dia coro chumtaige cen adbar nó de adbar deróil cech nadmat bes áil dó, 242. 14 .—Cf. XXXVIII.

fo-ceirt: ár do chor dínni, Ml. 135 c 1 . rolauth ár dermar di cechtar in da leithi, LL 408 a 46 . ib. 404 b 24 .

cruthaigidir creates, shapes : rochruthaigfea in Comdiu cuipa na esérgi dind adbur toltanaigfes do, RC xxv 242. 7 . isé rochruthaig Adam do chriaid in talman, PH 2289 .

do-fuissim brings forth, creates : hé donrósat do nephní SR 7518 . má rothuismis na huli do nefni, PH 4796 . clanna cáine tusmiter di ḟorbbaib téchtaib, LL 293 b 40 . na dúli dia rotuismidea na cuirp sin, RC xxv 242. 13 . cuirp na ndáine...tusmiter dina sílaib dereolaib, 252 § 37 . LU 37 a 31 .

do-gní makes. (α) trans., type: mad fleteg dogneid dind œclis if ye make the church a banqueting-house Wb. 11 d 16 . dorigénsat in descipuil deu diib, 7 d 10 . ib. 2 a 10 . 4 d 1 . 8 c 9 , 11 . 9 d 4 . 13 a 21 . 17 b 29 . 24 d 11 . Ml. 26 c 2 . 27 d 2 . 51 b 8 . 69 c 7 . níbu machdath dorónta dia dind liac that a god should have been made of the stone Sg. 65 a 1 . ib. 9 a 18 . 26 b 5 . 27 a 13 . 35 b 13 . 41 b 4 . 63 a 9 . 63 a 17 . 66 a 22 , 28 . 70 b 4 . 100 a 11 . 125 a 6 . 149 a 2 . 187 b 6 . 188 a 22 . 197 b 7 . 209 b 10 . 216 a 1 . is di lus...dogníther in chorcur, Tur. 115 . din chloich dorigne saland, Hy. v 40 . Thes. ii 337. 27 . na dúili co ndernta do nemní, RC xxv 252 § 36 . déna bairgena dona clochaib se, PH 4797 . dogéna ór do indebar, 7276 . dorigne sroigill do ṡúainemaib, 4526 . cruithnecht don eorna, BColm. 102. 32 ; 104. 1 . MacCarthy 48. 7 , 11 . SG 251. 3 f.b. gadaigi dogní dimsa you make me out a thief Ériu v 234 l. 52 ; cf. PH 7600 . dorinni sé rí do Lingcus, RC x 181. 22 . doghéna Diabul cimidhi dona pecthachaibh, xxviii 318 § 36 . LB 212 a 5 . RC xii 428. 2 f.b. Ériu iv 134. 12 . PH 7656 . TSh. 32. 28 .—Here also dogní di = to do with, dispose of (like Lat. facere + abl.): an rochara dogné dímsa do with me as thou wishest RC xxiv 150. 31 . ZCP iv 43. 13 . apair cid dernais dind ornaisc, RC iv 43. 29 . déntur do thoil féin dímsa, ZCP vi 277. 12 . (β) impers., type: do-rinne ḟinnmagh d'iforn hell became a fair plain Ériu iv 114. 28 . ib. 116 st 20 . co nderna min ┐ luaith díb. Acall. 5585 6336 . 6340 . ib. 5619 . 5013 . 420 . 421 . 2395 . 3510 . doringne cuach cera dia gnúis, TBC-LL¹ 2602 . 6083 . SG 250. 18 . co nderna brioscbruar dona huile longaib, ib. 3 f.b. dorignedh uisce searbh da lionn, 28. 23 .—With ellipse of the verb: ní asse nóib di suidib not easy is it (to make) saints of them Wb. 3 d 28 .

suidigidir establishes : rosuidigestar æm óinchorp d'ilballaib, Wb. 12 a 30 .

im-folngai v. XXII supra.

XXX Indicating the place where action is originated and whence it extends while the originator remains fixed there; type: dobert maldachta foir di mulluch in tslébe he cursed him from the top of the mountain Ml. 58 c 4 . ex Sion...inde, gl. is dé ropridach ┐ is de atror int huile talam, 69 d 3 . luid hi telaig ┐ argart doib di suidi, 55 c 1 . fommchain...de dindgnaib doss it sings to me from the tops of bushes Thes. ii 290. 9 . di uertice fulget .i. din mulluch, Tur. 140 . Dia firién cluines mo dó nuaill de (v.l. do) nimiath néll who from the heaven-land of clouds hears my cries ACC § 5 . is dib (viz. from the thrones) beres in comdid a briathra fíriana for cech noen, PH 6239 . asbert Bricriu friu do lár in tigi from off the floor of the house FB § 26 . tarlaic aurchor do muin a mairc, Oss. i 3 . Also: gabtar ár neich dún ┐ indliter ár carpait co ndernam cathugud dar nechaib ┐ dar carptib indiu, TBC-LL¹ 3609 . Cf. debaid dechaib, s.v. debuith.

XXXI In some STANDING PHRASES in connection with a subst., adj. or pronoun.

demaig from without , q.v.

deṡiu: romsnáidhet d. ar demnoibh, Ériu iv 238. 8 .

fri...deṡiu on this side of: fri Alpai ndesiu, Sg. 217 b 8 . fri crích deṡiu on this side of the boundary, 217 b 12 . citra .i. centarach .i. frie deṡiu, ib. 71 b 2 .—Opp. to fri...anall.

dianechtir from without : Ml. 57 d 10 . 66 a 3 . 67 d 2 . 127 a 14 . 211 a 9 .

diandes from the south , Thurn. Hdb. 287 . Ml. 67 d 2 .

fri...denall from yonder side: fri sonnach adíu...fri sonnach denall, LU 23 b 19 .

denuas from above, de-super: d. dotiagar hisa tech, Thes. ii 292. 19 .

di bunud (from the root) from the beginning, originally: ná hadṁuigh si toirrchius na bainimpire óir ní let é do bhunadh, Sechrán 24 . Ériu iv 53. 10 . dar liom is urlabhradh daona sin agat...is duine mé do bhunadh, OCT 13.12-13 , 14 . Cf. iar mbunud, Acall. 7704 .

di cech aird from every side : abís in mara timchellas in talmain sin do cech aird, RC xxv 252 § 36 . FA § 6 , § 28 (LB).

di cech leith id., undique . immib di cach leith, Wb. 17 b 19 . dugairet arbar inna nnámat...impu di cech leith, Ml. 62 b 13 . 66 d 10 . in talmain impu di cach l., 51 d 3 . v. leth.

di cech thóib id. na héigmi doníthi umpu do cach thaib, Acall. 6782 .

di chéin from afar (a) of time. doarrchet d.c. nombiad adrad Dé la genti, Wb. 6 d 8 . is d.c. immunrordad, 20 d 10 . (b) of space: fasisidar di chéin Coinculainn, LU 71 a 34 . do neuch ditoet do chéin aidchi ndomnaig, Anecd. iii 21. 12 .

di chian from afar, of space: gan nech do thiachtain dochum ár longpuirt do chian ná dḟocus, Acall. 5474 .

di chianaib for long : robádar cethri cridiscél liomsæ de ch. I have long had four darling wishes Mon. Tall. 136. 20 .

di chiunn with a verb of motion = away . intan tét a laithe di chiunn cosnaib gnímaib, Ml. 21 c 3 . For other senses of di ch., v. 1 cenn.

din chur so (sin) this time, on this occasion, now , &c. Already Mon. Tall. 148. 14 (den ch. sin). don ch. sa, TTr. 1275 . LL 215 a 45 : dind ara chur.

di éis after ; but do might be older ( dom héis se, Wb. 29 d 9 ). retro .i. di ess, Ml. 2 c 1 ; dia é., 23 d 17 . 72 b 17 . dia né., 69 a 8 . 53 d 15 . diar néis, Sg. 195 a 2 .

di ḟocus, d'ḟocus from near : do chian ná d'ḟogus, Acall. 5474 .

di ḟót at once, suddenly : di fot .i. dinad nó di maighin .i. fochetoir, O'Dav. 754 .

dinad on the spot , v. di ḟót.

di leith: dind leith ailiu, Thes. ii 16. 40 ; 35. 32 .

di maigin on the spot : ó rob erdalta lais a ṁarbhadh do ṁaighin, Hugh Roe 102. 20 . O'Dav. 754 .

disin hence, then Ardm. 18 b 1 (twice); glossing Lat. unde Ml. 44 b 27 - 28 . Tur. 59 . Lat. hinc Ml. 48 c 1 . 104 a 3 . Lat. exinde 90 d 13 . Lat. proinde 108 d 3 .

B In the construction of certain verbs (and subst.) which might partly belong to the categories mentioned above.

XXXII aithnid, Mid.-Ir. aichnid, enjoins, commands : ná derb le maith ná le saith issed aithnius díot an Flaith, ZCP vii 301 §8 . tre forchongra in Tailgind do aichin dim dul ann, Acall. 7254 . mar daithin díobh gan where he commanded them not, &c., Keat. aithnes dia apstalaib, LU 35 a 31 . dá ḟeadhnachaib, ML 64. 22 . roaithniged díob, SG 54. 21 .— One would expect do (cf. Cog. 146. 16 ); di seems to have arisen in such phrases as do aithin dóib (díb) cen...do dénum.

buadaigidir is victorious, wins : nír bu lour leusom buaduguth dib with victory over them Ml. 33 c 13 . is missi buadaigfes de bar mac nDamáin, LL 82 a 38 . buadugud do Grécaib dona Troiandaib, TTr.² 180 . In Fél.² clxxii 11 , di seems original.—The same constr. occurs after búaid.

celebraid bids farewell : de Ḟiachraig, LL 51 a 17 f.b. díb, 276 b 4 . díib, Trip. 182. 18 . do: celebor dam, LU 73 b 8 . celebrais dó, LL 291 b 7 f.b. dóib, Trip. 198 . TFerbe § 16 Eg.; do seems original.

dethiden care , v. LII (c θ). essamnae fearlessness, confidence , v. ib.

lenaid adheres to, cleaves to, follows : lenit a pecthe dindí dobeir a ngrád, Wb. 29 a 23 . 5 c 16 . 10 a 5 . co lenamain dít, Ml. 101 b 1 . roleldar díb (i.e. axibus) 96 c 13 . rolil dím, 54 d 7 . lenaid din gutai thoisig, Sg. 9 b 17 . Thes. ii 310. 34 .—Thus also glenaid: glete de which stick to him Ml. 127 b 19 .—There is no support for the common supposition that di has here taken the place of do. The vn. díle .i. lenamain, Metr. Gl. 17 , also points to di as the original construction.

remcaissiu providence , remidéci provides for, v. LII (c θ).

C DI IN A PARTITIVE SENSE, often taking the place of the old genitive.—The partitive sense arose when di loosened its connection with the verb and became dependent on some neighbouring word denoting quantity. Compare the following instances where the sense of the original ablative is still apparent: assibsem imróol di rath in spirito we have drunk a great draught of (orig. from) the grace of the Spirit Wb. 12 a 17 . Ml. 94 c 12 . cach æn ibius ní din tobur, Acall. 6778 (cf. ité atoibet do thopur na deachta, PH 6238 ). gatar dam díb one of the oxen is stolen BColm. 56. 13 . ní foichred cnói díb for lár, LU 90 b 6 . cid focerdmais ní dé why should we cast away any of it? Cog. 96. 23 . dís testa do fichit eighteen AU ii 230. 15 . má dudesta ní dibar níris, Wb. 25 a 30 , &c.

XXXIII

(a) Preceded by a cardinal or ordinal number: óin di airchinchib Assiæ one of the leaders of A., Wb. 7 b 11 . óin dinaib aicsenaib inso, Ml. 62 a 22 . unus de cantatoribus, gl. dinaib cétlaidib, 61 d 5 . oen dinaib cestaib, Anecd. ii. 12. 1 . aen díb, ZCP viii 110. 30 . aen do chétt one out of a hundred BColm. 106. 11 . -mebdatar a nnói díib ZCP viii 313. 35 . míle dia náimtiu, PH 4048 - 4051 .

(b) preceded by a numeral subst.: mórḟeser dia muintir, Ardm. 18 a 1 . dias aile díb; dís dia muntir, PH 4427 . triar do chlannaib Baiscne, Acall. 7308 . morfesiur dia aes gráda, PH 980 . ochtur do Cháilti, Fianaig. 50. 1 . trí nonbair d'iarsma na Féinde, Acall. 7896 . trí .l. ban do mnáib T., 7822 . Cf. is óinfer gaibes búaid diib, Wb. 11 a 4 .

(c) preceded by a pronoun or pronominal word: alaile: alaaili diib...alaaili dano some of them Sg. 215 a 1 . for alailib diib, 208 b 9 . rel. a n-: ní áirmi a mbís iarna chúul dind séit, Wb. 24 a 17 . a mbís hóṡen suas dind eo, Thes. ii 255. 7 . a fúair do ṡaethar ┐ do ṡalchar, PH 7390 . ib. 7485 , 7646 . cách, cech: cách di suidib, Ml. 26 b 20 . cách diib, 114 c 15 . 137 c 2 . díb, 42 b 5 . 42 c 7 . díob, Mon. Tall. 132. 14 ; 133. 15 ; 136. 2 . cech diib, Ml. 72 b 27 . cachae, cechae: cach hae díib, Sg. 74 b 4 . cechae diib, Ml. 40 c 21 . 146 a 2 - 3 . cach ai dib, Thes. ii 330. 11 . cach oen, nach oen: fri cach noen din cenélu dóine, Cambr. 37 b . cech óin díib, Ml. 90 c 27 . dia chlaind, 133 a 10 . cach haen do mnáib, BDD § 3 . nach oen...de[m] muindtir, Mon. Tall. 129. 36 . cechtar de: Wb. 15 d 9 . 19 c 21 Ml. 17 d 12 . 39 b 2 . 31 b 3 b and 4 . 31 a 24 . 114 b 1 . Sg. 4 a 8 . 29 b 16 , 18 . 77 a 6 . 147 a 5 . 188 b 5 . nechtar de: Wb. 11 c 17 . 14 c 4 . Ml. 35 d 24 . Sg. 27 b 6 . 62 b 2 . 173 b 6 . 201 a 4 . cía de, Wb. 23 b 33 . Sg. 242 a 1 . c. dhib, ACL iii 5. 29 . RC xxiv 194. 1 . cia don dís, PH 3262 , 3273 . Acall. 7644 . cid: cid as maith di sunt, Wb. 12 d 12 . After é, sí, ed, often emphatically brought forward with the copula: ishe rochreti di muntir Cessair, Wb. 24 b 31 . ishé céetne fer cetaruchreti di áis Assiae, 7 b 11 . ithé ciaturuchreitset diib, 14 a 29 . issí mo sanserc sa di cleirchib, Mon. Tall. 150. 10 . sechi sí dia rígnaib, Ml. 65 d 8 . issed romarb don tṡlúag, RC iii 181. 36 . intí: intí nochreitfed diib, Wb. 5 a 20 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19 d 6 . 102 d 4 . Mon. Tall. 132. 24 . indní díob adgladmis, ib. 136. 29 . nech, neut. ní. nech: accaldam neich diib, Wb. 13 b 3 . nech di æcnib, 8 b 4 . 18 c 11 . 28 b 1 . 32 c 8 . nech dim chlaind, Ml. 23 d 6 . nech dinaib nóibaib, 51 a 16 . cen nech dimm æs dim chlaind, 23 d 9 . nech dia chloind RC xxiv 202. 12 . ní: fil ní de as fir, Wb. 11 d 2 . ib. 1 a 9 . 12 b 32 . ma dudrignius ní donaib remeperthib, Ml. 23 c 27 . ní din main, 97 d 10 . ib. 20 d 4 . 24 a 19 . 60 b 6 . 102 a 20 . du dánaigiud neich dúnni di (sc. a thrócaire), Ml. 96 a 8 . ithe neich di, 102 a 15 . ib. 105 b 7 . Sg. 147 b 3 .

(d) preceded by a substantive (or substantivally used adj.) denoting part or quantity . banne: b. dond lind, LL 208 a 46 . bec and its opposite mór: is bec di mór aní roinnisemar, RC xxvi 148 § 28 . is bec di mór chena aní sin, LU 17 b 32 . ní romill a bec din chasail, Trip. 58. 23 . ní beg dhe, O'Gr. Cat. 115 . a bheag ná a ṁuar de, Midnight court 520 . blog: dind ailig, Corm. s.v. gaire . don blonaicc IT iii 65. 8 . CCath. 1584 . iar mbloid don ló, Ériu v 116. 4 . boimm: b. don bargin, LB 49 b . PH 5141 . cethramthu a quarter: cecha cethramthan di (viz. nox), Ml. 95 d 8 . cuit: cuit cáich din rath diadu, Wb. 5 d 6 . cuid díb, Otia i 115. 6 . drécht: dreecht díib, Wb. 4 d 6 . 5 c 22 . i ndrécht dind hiriss, 11 d 2 . cachla drécht diib, Sg. 38 b 8 . drécht din aidchi, Rawl. 44 a 1 . Otia i 114 . d. mór dona longaib, TTr.² 1701 . dia muintir LU 65 a 37 . d. d'écsib, LL 161 a 5 . drong: drong dia míledu, PH 848 . d. dona Iudaidib, 2623 . d. díorma do ṁaithibh Dháil Chais, AFM iv 1064. 8 . leth: assin leath deiscertach de Ultaib, RC vi 174. 5 . indala leth dind rígthig FB § 15 . lucht: a roacairbe fri lucht aile díb, FA § 9 . mír: mír dind lucht, Thes. ii 339. 3 . rann: rán din deacht, Wb. 12 c 13 . rann diar forcitul, 14 c 15 . r. di sillaib, Sg. 59 b 9 . rann din obli, Thes. ii 255. 14 . pars de feoil, Mon. Tall. 132. 8 . rand de (sc. corp) RC xxv 242 § 14 . sochuide: s. diib, Wb. 8 a 17 . uathad: huathad ṅdóine do chretim diib, Wb. 4 d 4 . bid huathad creitfes diib, 4 d 5 .

(e) after words like ball, membur, tráth, lá, bliadain and the like, to denote the unity of which a part is expressed by the preceding word: is ball di Críst in fer, Wb. 22 c 9 . is ball dind fiur in ben, 22 c 9 . naich baill dind deilb, Sg. 5 a 5 . óire nundem membur uili du Dea, Cambr. 37 c . Thes. ii 255. 15 . in naemad caibdel do lebar Matha, PH 7293 . 7304 . lomán dia brut a string of his cloak BColm. 92. 30 . in fichetmad lá do mís Márta, PH 2574 . ba hí in sesed uair do ló innsin, 2894 . isin nomad bliadain déc do ḟlaith Tibir, 2571 . etir dá thráth din ló, RC iii 184. 29 . re deirid don ló, Acall. 7696 .

(f) similarly after any substantive (or adj. used absolutely), denoting the class or category of which the preceding word forms a specimen. (α) type: duine (fer, ben, macc, rí, &c.) diib = one of them: sé maic leis. ní fárcaib mac díb claind, ZCP viii 291. 21 = nech díb, 292. 3 . trí slóig ...slóg díb, FA § 22 . ní fil diib mnái nachit charad, SCC § 6 . tuarustal uirrig diobh, ZCP viii 116. 33 .—Similarly duine (fer, &c.) di chét one of a hundred TSh. 55. 16 (d. do chéad). Cf. oen do chétt, BColm. 106. 11 . cech fer din cethrur so, Ml. 2 b 13 . (β) type: fer dia muintir a man of his household Wb. 33 a 2 . ib. 9 c 31 . cach fer di chlaind Latin, Sg. 33 a 13 . do cach cathrur di Románaib, 33 a 10 . 51 b 13 . 138 b 4 . (γ) type: aingel di ainglib nime one of heaven's angels Wb. 18 c 11 . ib. 12 d 40 . rann di rannaib in domain, Ml. 125 b 7 . ced laá di laib sechtmaine, Thes. ii 40. 31 . robrisiset cleith di clethaib ind rígthige, FB § 25 . fer d'ḟeraib Éirenn, SG 291. 25 . fer dina feraib, ib. §§ 61 , 91 . oenchainle dina cainlib sin, FA § 13 . mac dia maccaib PH 6614 . ball do ballaib, 7631 ; ib. 4825 . secht deich bliadna de bliadnaib, MacCarthy 192. 6 . Often emphatic.

(g) Very frequent with a comparative or superlative or word with the force of a superlative: carissimo filio, gl. dim daltib huilib, Wb. 29 d 3 . iunioris .i. di chlaind Iacob, Ml. 85 a 2 .

(α) di follows immediately after the comp. (sup.): anas ansam diib, Wb. 10 b 1 . in deil as choemem di dindgnaib Roerenn, Thes. ii 295. 3 . cia ben is mesa do mnáib, ZCP viii 113. 11 . in dá én ba háildem dib, SCC § 6 . fer as áldem di feraib Hérend, FB § 51 . in fer ba ṁó dḟeraib Éirenn, Acall. 7990 . in ingen ba sine díb, 7329 . in tóclach ba mó díb, 5064 . is cruthaige dferaib, 6988 ; ib. 7393 . 7819 . oenlaech...caeime do laechaib in domain, FDG 575 . in tænduine is ferr delb don Ádhamchloind, Acall. 7562 . in ba hindilldirghi dibrucud dona feraib ┐ in ba mó eiri dona trénmogaib, 7394 . dún ba dili lais dia dúinib, TE § 1 Eg. in dún fa nessa dóib dona trí dúintib, Acall. 7462 .

(β) type: in gaiscedach is ferr robói d'ḟeraib in domain, Acall. 6557 . in tarm is derscaidti bai dib, RC xxiv 196. 4 . triur is ferr lámach atá d'ḟeraib in domain, Acall. 6092 . in lín is lia robadais d'ḟéind riam, 7621 .

(γ) type: intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19 d 6 = intí bes t. díb. Cf. ní beth duine budh áille anás, Acall. 6020 . ní ḟuil don drong dænnachta nech is annsa limsa, 6434 .— After words equivalent to a sup.: prímgeinde do hireschaib, Wb. 4 b 9 . lennán dia claind, RC xxiv 176. 10 .

(h) di in partitive sense after a negative verb (esp. attá) = Fr. il n'y a pas de: nád bíad dē de cleithi la chenél and, Trip. 1814 . See cléithe. nísfil do pláig for bith nachusbera sin for cúlu RC xii 430 § 21 . go nach raibhe do chongnaṁ aige, ML 30. 15 . ní fail di nach dath ná beth forsin loch sin, LL 170 a 37 . cen co beth do thrénḟeraib and acht Fergus, Ériu iv 28. 15 . cen co beth do gaisciud and acht Conall, ib. 28. 20 . gin co beth d'ḟis ná d'ḟíreolus a nÉirinn acht..., Acall. 7887 . ní fuil d'feraib innti acht mathir sea, Acall. 5958 . ní fuil d'écsib Innsi Fáil fear imtha, Ériu iv 220. 9 . gonár fácbhadh do bhúaibh i nÉirinn so that no cows were left in Ireland, ib. i 89 § 36 .—Similarly in positive clauses after attá: i mbói di óinachdaib leu robeth for díb mílib ech, Ml. 43 d 1 .

(i) partly from the preceding usage and partly from the partitive usage in general arose the idiomatic use of di neoch din neoch, din cách (with or without díb) = cách, cach oen, nech.— fidbretha...muirbretha do neoch doruirmius, Laws i 182. 1 . is triasin forcongra sin atresat na huli dáini a bás .i. do neoch rosluic talam ┐ atuatar biasta, RC xxv 236. 2 = PH 3628 . fer rodíglastar Ultu for firu Hérend .i. do neoch díb romarbad, Ériu iv 28. 27 . bertís lægu riasin tráth arnabárach ┐ do neoch nobered loegu díb noscáiltis imma loegu TBC-LL¹ 1531 . cech dúil do neoch techtas bethaid all creatures who PH 4021 (partit.). morfesiur dia aes gráda do neoch ba díle lais díb, ib. 980 (part.). ragait attrebthaide Salamona etir aes ┐ áitid din neoch as tualaing gabáil gascid, TTr. 490 . ara clannaib...de neach file ┐ bias co dé ṁbrátha, LL 36 b 4 . connách bái dUltaib i mbethaib do neoch donarbo chotlud ná cuala, TBC-LL¹ 2962 ; —Here perhaps also Thes. ii 11. 36 ; Wb. 17 a 11 di neuch is governed by Lat. oboedientia. Neut. di neoch all that: imdéntar leis do neoch romilled dUltaib, TBC-LL¹ 1612 (di depending on imdéntar; but 1622 : imdénta latt an romilled dU.). essbuid cecha maithiusa do neoch fil eter neam ┐ talam, PH 4344 . Cf. also 2219 : coro díglum ár nancride fén fair do neoch forodámar ara dáig, where di depends on díglum.

(j) di partitively with the copula = one of, part of: is d'adbaraib chatha Chula Dremne sin that is one of the causes of RC xvii 142. 4 . bid dia phianaib a niffern na péisti sin fésin ic cocnam a ḟola it will be part (one) of his sufferings PH 7670 . bid diar scélaib, Snedg. u. Mac R 14. 7 . ba da bésaibh cach ní fa tibred lám da forba it was one of his customs to complete everything to which he put his hand CCath. 1178 . is do thimnaib rechta Moysi nemthomailt ḟeóla mucce, PH 6542 . is do bhuadhaibh an chopáin so an tan, &c., Oss. iii 226. 25 .—Here also Ériu vi 160. 2 f.b. : corub d'ingantaib láime Ciaráin an scél sin. Cf. XXVI above.

(k) di partitively with attá = forms part of, belongs to: ní di chorp atóosa hóre nímtha laám, Wb. 12 a 21 . ní nádmbed arse di chorp acht atá de, ib. 12 a 22 .

XXXIV Type ferr do laech a better warrior : isé ba ferr do laech, LL 150 a 37 . Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20 . am ferr do laech andái (sic leg.) RC ix 460. 4 ( ICM 1. 5 ). Modelled on the plural: †ité batar ferr di laechaib.

XXXV di . . . di, di . . . nó di, whether . . . or, be it . . . or, developed from the partitive sense of di: gibé noḟothraiccfedh innte (viz. isin dabaig) do chlannaib Fiachrach d'ḟior nó do mnái whether man or woman Anecd. iii 5. 3 f.b. (depend. on gibé). aonduine d'fir nó do mnái, ZCP viii 211. 20 . ar ná bí nach soer fri tairmthegd in domnaig di triun ná tróg whether strong or wretched Anecd. iii 25. 20 (depend. on nach). ní búi mílid...doná búi cara isin longphort sin da coibhnestu nó do cliaṁain nó da comdalta nó da fir aenchluichi isin Róim, CCath. 2431 sq. ní faicfed delb daena fair do chind ná do chois, RC xxvi 146. 3 . cidh bé conair isin domun do dodhaing nó do ṡodhaing be it hard or easy CCath. 639 . Not here PH 4285 . —Cf. do bicc nó (do) mór little or much PH 4140 . dḟír nó do gó, ZCP v 24 st 15 , v. L infra.

XXXVI GENETIVUS GENERIS: after a collective, quantitative or numeral word, di indicates the constituent units or substance. Competing with the genitive and sometimes not distinguishable from the gen. materiae (XXIX above) and partitivus.

(a) after a numeral word: a nói do móin a nói do min ┐ a nói do chaill, Thes. ii 298. 10 . míli dainglib, Acall. 7735 . trí cét míle do demnaib, 7770 . aon do ló one day ZCP v 495. 5 . viii 562. 10 . SG 23. 16 . Caithr. 150. 5 . aen doidche one night SG 60. 31 . Cf. araile doidche below. dias de fennedaib, LL 90 b 25 . céd do doirrsib, Snedg. u. Mac R 13. 19 .

(b) after pronouns and pronominal words: quaecunque fecerimus, .i. di sóinmechaib ┐ dóinmechaib, Wb. 4 b 5 . nihil, gl. di frithorcuin, Ml. 95 b 2 . Rel. a n-: (α) type: a ndorigeni Dia de maid the good that God had done Wb. 21 d 11 . 30 a 8 . Cf. Ml. 124 b 5 . a césme di cach imniad ┐ di cach guassacht in betho, Wb. 13 d 7 . (Cf. in rocésusa dimned, Anecd. iii 55. 18 = 56. 8 .) Ml. 127 a 2a . a nobid and de feol, Mon. Tall. 129. 25 . a tánic do noeblégund a tír, 136. 21 . a ndernnsat na senóraig do thoirrsi, Acall. 7909 . (β) a ndu imnedaib fodaimi what of afflictions thou sufferest Ml. 55 d 11 . araile: a. doidche, SG 12. 32 . Cf. oen di ló. cid: cid as imgabthi do dénum di ulc ┐ cid as déinti di maith, Ml. 51 b 10 . dim: deim de eot deim de formut, ACC § 105 . ed: ciped do phéin nó do fochraic dliges, RC xxv 240 § 13 . ceped dliges di phéin, 242 § 15 . ní, nanní, nech, inneoch. ní: ní di maith, Wb. 28 d 31 . 33 a 15 . ib. 13 a 12 . Ml. 15 d 9 . 23 c 20 . 36 d 10 . 63 c 5 . 68 d 14 . 93 a 20 (ní di máinib). 114 b 12 . 114 c 9 . 122 b 16 . 124 c 22 . ní di maith, Mon. Tall. 134. 17 ; 147. 30 . ní de min some meal, 157. 31 . ib. 137. 7 . nanní: slogait nanní do uisciu dodaic, Ml. 123 d 3 . 96 b 5 . 96 b 13 . nech di fáithib some prophet Ml. 93 a 5 . co millit in neoch bís do moltaib accaind, Acall. 7677 .

(c) after a collective term or quantitative word (subst. or adj. abs.) or the name of anything having component parts. aicme a tribe : Siracusii .i. aicmae di Graecaib, Sg. 106 a 7 . ib. 34 b 2 . airge a drove; a herd, a troop: airgi do buaib, Acall. 7602 . a. do bochtaib, AFM p. 824 . banne a drop : banna bec de usci, Mon. Tall. 150. 36 , 37 (but banni dond lind LL 208 a 46 partitively). bec a little : a mbecc sin dogníu di maith, Wb. 24 a 12 . a bec ndo síd and, Ml. 51 a 5 . bec ṅdi dechur, 72 c 9 . gan a becc ná a mor do chomraind, Acall. 5474 . boimm a bit : b. do arán, Lism. L. 2734 . breth choice of: do breith fén dór ┐ dairget, Eg. 1782, 30 a 1 . do breth féin do iath ┐ do ferann, Ériu v 150 l. 71 . ib. l. 62 . crithir a spark : c. do chuimne, TSh. 11. 13 . cutrumae an equivalent : a cutrume si do súg this much juice Mon. Tall. 150. 40 . dia enough : d. do cheart, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356. 1 . d. do phudhar, ib. 13 . do chin, 21 . drong a flock : drong dechaib, Acall. 6542 . d. da gach uile bethadhach, ZCP ii 270 § 205 . emid: emid di fiur so much of a man Sg. 66 a 6 . ere a burden : ere camaill de ór, PH 2011 . here do úir Rómae, BColm. 84. 9 . foróil super-abundance: f. dinaib anib, Wb. 16 c 22 . frass a shower : frass do nemannaib, BDD § 2 . Anecd. iii 50. 15 . gar: gar daimsir iarum a short while after PH 7199 . lán the full of: lán lainne a scéith di úir, RC iii 182. 6 . —Cf. XLIII. lín number : ara lín du chenélaib, Ml. 131 c 17 . lín do bochtaib, PH 6129 . loimm a sup: lom di midc, Mon. Tall. 136. 10 ; but lom nais, ib. 9 . lór sufficiency : ba lór do neim dó he had enough of venom Ériu iv 32. 2 . lór do chalmataid, ib. 28. 16 .—Cf. XLIII. méit quantity : méit di flescaib, Sg. 3 b 19 . cia méit...do biud, Thes. ii 335. 29 . cá mét do chloind, SG 250. 8 . méd do chinedaib...mét do degthoici, CCath. 275 . mór much : mór di maith, Wb. 11 a 20 . 4 d 10 . mór di genib, Thes. ii 322. 24 . a mmór de, Mon. Tall. 152. 22 . is mór do cheol dochualamar, Acall. 7212 . mór do tṡétaib ┐ dindmusaib, 5355 . ib. 7883 . Cf. mór nóir, mór nargait, Anecd. iii 55. 8 , the older expression. morán id.: m. do ṁíltib SG 9. 24 . ordu a morsel: dorat do Ísu ordu do bratán ḟonaithe, PH 6711 . ré space of time: re ré mor do bliadnaib, Acall. 5541. 7029 . riar as breth above: a réir do ṡétaib LU 133 a 40 . LL 375 b 38 . treimse id.: re treimse do bliadnaib, Acall. 5547 .

(d) after words denoting kind, sort, like, parallel, &c. a samail di ríg, SCC § 37. 8 . a samail di graig, 37. 6 . ní fuar do ṡét di márchlois, Liad. and Cuir. 16. 6 . MOD. ní ḟeaca riaṁ a ṡaṁailt sin do dhuine, W. K. a leithéid sin dechtrannaib, SG 260. 3 .

(e) after other substantives: ascaid de ór, PH 7057 . cró uimpi d'ḟeraibh, Ériu iv 112. 11 . fit mór de tuari anmín, Mon. Tall. 152. 18 . lóg di máinib inna nEgiptacde, Ml. 84 c 12 .

(f) frequent with comparatives denoting quantity: quod minus habuistis .i. di rath nó di forcitul, Wb. 18 a 8 . uilliu ...di fochaid, Ml. 54 b 30 . ní bia di mútaib bes huilliu, Sg. 7 a 1 . lugu di mirbuil, RC xxv 252 § 36 . lugu do chinaid, PH 5166 . móo do peccad, 5259 . ZCP viii 111. 9 . MOD. níos mó do ṁaith, &c.—After lia di occasionally has the sense of Abl. respectus: cipsa lia do randaib nocha lia do naeṁaib, Ériu iv 224. 2 . lia do maccaib na rígna do degamsaib, ib. 94. 1 .

(g) buan dolcc a lasting evil RC x 226 § 179 . cinnte do chendaigib certain merchants LB 115 a .

(h) after words like dabach, soithech and the like, di denotes the contents of the vessel: dá dabaigh décc do lionn maith, ZCP viii 116. 1 . baiglend do midh soóla a can of delicious mead Acall. 7421 .

D DI OF MEDIUM, CAUSE, MANNER, TIME & MEASURE in the senses of the original instrumental; in old texts the latter is occasionally still preserved: isé nobenfad a crand oenbémim di bun, LU 58 b 21 . iarna foebraib fennad, Fél. Prol. 48 .

XXXVII Di introduces the tool or instrument by means of which something is done, after trans. verbs denoting:

(a) to make or to do , dogní, conutaing: is do rinn scine doníther, Corm. Tr. 145 . in loech órda cumdaiged do lámaib, PH 2830 . in gái dia ndernais in gním namra, RC v 203 § 26 . don chaladcholg is dom gó díob dorignes in gleo, SG 252. 11 . dodhein teine de chipíní, Gadelica 88. 41 .

(b) to seize , gabaid: rogab din láim aile in seig, SG 391. 16 .

(c) to beat, strike, ply upon, scourge , and the like, benaid, buailid, dobeir builli, dounsi béim, gabaid, dofuairc, &c.: cote in rinnd dia ruba uitam omnis hominis, Wb. 13 d 25 . béim dind echḟleisc, SCC § 8 . dobennaissiu hé di ḟleisc, Trip. 224. 16 . dobeir M. béim do biail, RC xiii 30. 10 . dounsi Cuculainn béim da biail do, FB § 77 . dounsi C. béim din chlaidiub, ib. § 57 .— tuc buille dó do chrann na sleige, Acall. 6721. 6731 . don chonṡlaitt, PH 856 . gabaid goi...dorat buille de i toeb Ísu, 3358 . buille do laigin, 2874 . cét mboaille fort láim dé abaind, Mon. Tall. 142. 10 . bualad do chloidheaṁ, Ériu i 102 § 63 . búailset dia mbassaib, PH 117 . 2143 . do ṡlaitt, 135 .— doriacht fer co claideb...┐ dorat dara brágait don apstal de, 2151 .— co ngébad do chlaidim air féin, Acall. 7495 . rogab cách díb da claidmib a cend araile, 6261 . PH 3299 . — is díbside sraiglit, FA § 16 . — rotúaircset a nochta da ndornaibh, CCath. 1082 . túaircset do flescaib ┐ do sonnaib, PH 2143. 8313 .

(d) to cut, shear, clip , tescad, berrad, gerrad, selgad: arna dteasgad d'armaib an chatha, Ériu i 91 § 41 . is cumma imthescad dá sciath ┐ dá sleig ┐ dá chlaideb, LU 79 b 14 . deimes dia mberrtha, SG 411. 12 . gerraid sí... dia fiaclaib, PH 7661 . consealgad glasgég darach dia corrán, RC xxiv 196. 18 .

(e) to break, to injure : dobrisfinn thfiacla dom dorn, RC xix 144 § 120 . dobacaighedh mac Con la Coirpre don rindcne .i. do sleigh Ailella, RC xvii 11. 2 .

(f) to wound, to kill : gonaid, créchtnaigidir, ardíben, marbaid: cor ghonsat toeb na himagine de (sc. in gae) PH 142 . gaet do ṡleig Deirg, Acall. 1104. 1745 . in gai dia gcréchtnaigther, CCath. 3669 . ardibiba sluaga dia lúaignib, SG 254. 29 . d'iarann ní marbthar, Fen. 68 . Acall. 3236 . SG 391. 32 (di chloich). a nguin d'armaib límtha SG 42. 15 . Cf. marbhas d'urchar sleige í, ML 32. 13 ; Acall. 6947 . 6950 . 7065 .

(g) to throw, fling : doléici, dobeir urchor, foceirt, dobidc, &c.: dambidc Semei di chlochaib, Ml. 58 c 4 . rodíubraic rónurchair de (viz. lia cloiche), Acall. 4802 . dobered urchair di, Acall. 5797. 5810 . Oss. ii 2 . tolléci aurchor de, FB §§ 82 , 87 . focheird rout nurchair din liathróit, TBC-LL¹ 1024 . — Cf. for frestal a námat do clochaib, CCath. 1873 .

(h) to drive, drive away, expel : bruidni dia taircellad a eochu, Anecd. iii 51. 3 . bocṡlaitt dia nescartad conu PH 851 . dorigne sroigill...┐ rosindarb di na slóig, 4526 .

(i) to destroy : toghail in múir do reithibh toghla, CCath. 1883 .

(j) to bind : rochengail hé do línscoit, PH 2916 .

(k) to write : in chathach roscríb dia láim féin, Fen. 167 . scríbtha do láim, PH 4769 . gur thoit eite cuige conadh de sin roscríbh in leabhar, SG 23. 21 .

(l) to shut : dúnaid comlaid a thaige de baccánaib íarnaide, RC vii 296 l. 116 .

(m) isé doratt tí dia bachaill he made a circle with his staff BColm. 52. 23 .

XXXVIII With a wider application introducing the means or instrumentality; transl. the Lat. inruptione (abl.), gl. di maidm, Ml. 85 c 6 . ceilid conceals : náchar étir le do cheilt do bréthir ná do gním ná do chomartha, RC xix 166. 3 . buadrid disturbs : búaidrim port parrghais do neim an imarbais, Ériu iv 114. 12 . buadertha in táth dia chacc LU 74 a 24 . dogní makes, does : mina déna maith díb... mina déna toil Dé díb (sc. na hindmasa) PH 4110 . lessaigid aids, heals : in lín do bochtaib conicfatís do lessugud do indmusaib, PH 6129 . lassaid illuminates : isiatt so na lóchranna da lasfatt Laighin, ZCP viii 110. 16 . insorchaigid id.: roionsorchaigh iarthur Eórpa do ṡoillsi soalach, ZCP v 496. 6 . loscaid burns : mo loscud do chrithrib, TFerbe 610 . loscud do thenid, PH 7428 . conutaing adorns : conrotacht in grianán sin do imdénmaib sainamraib, FB § 3 . conrottacht in timdorn féssin dór, TTr. 1548 . bethugad support oneself by: a b. dá allus féin with his own sweat SG 41. 28 . broenaid: dia rath ronbróina Brigit may B. let her grace rain on us Thes. ii 326. 6 .—Not uncommon in Figura Etymologica: mad ferr cotobsechfider di chosscc alailiu, Wb. 9 a 23 .—Like Lat. per introducing the intermediate agent: is dítsa tarras sin uile through thee Acall. 5986 . teora mná torrcha di hUltaib do mnáib na nDéisi, Ériu iii 141. 219 . di chumachtu by means of, by the power of: cia tír ass asam lat do thabairt dúinne dit chumachta, ZCP viii 318. 34 . cia clérech dá fil muilenn cerr do ch. a mírbuile, BColm. 102. 23 . di chomairgi through the protection of: terno do chomairci an naeim each ríg Lifi, BColm. 90. 10 . de and desin thereby, by means of that, deside id., desen, Thes. ii 335. 37 , see PH 629 b .

XXXIX After verbs of vanquishing, gaining victory, triumphing, excelling, &c., di introduces the domain within which victory is gained: aonlaoch bérus barr ormsa do rith ná do chomrac ná do chorraigecht, SG 290. 12 .

XL After the intrans. verbs dotuit and docer, di introduces the tool or weapon; the agent is usually introduced by la. craet dofæth don gai seo a maccu. dofaeth rí din gai sin, RC iii 178. 22 . dofaethsat din gai roléici, 180. 39 . ib. 38 . dofaoth Fraoch darmaib Eochaid, ML 124. 12 . dona harmaib sin, Acall. 7029 . 6885 (di ṡleig).—dorochair de (viz. din gai) RC iii 129. 31 . Also followed by béim, lám and the like: gur thuit N. do béimeannuib ṁic Mórna ML 18. 25 . dofaeth in corp den snaisse, Anecd. iii 62 . co torchair do bíc (= bidc) aenuaire, BB 49 a 23 . tuitfid dá láim, ML 58. 1 . di láim M. docer Daire, LL 48 b 25 . MacCarthy 192. 4 .

XLI After verbs of buying di introduces the price: manisdeirclimmis di thorud ár láam, Wb. 26 b 16 . dorúaicled do lóg ḟola Críst, PH 3242 . oenfiach adrenar nde, Anecd. iii 22. 21 . ceinnechut sa fín lógmar díb, LB 139 a 51 . rochennaigset don argut sin ferann, PH 3235 . dochennaig sé ┐ nách dór nó dargat acht dia ḟuil féin ┐ dia ḟeoil, 7513 .

XLII In the construction of arbeir biuth he uses, consumes , competing with the genitive: airbert biuth di thorud a precepte, Wb. 10 d 14 . as di sunt arbeir biuth, Ml. 60 b 11 . intan airbir bith in scriptúir do deismirecht asna salmaib, Ir. Ps. 128 .

XLIII After verbs, substantives, and adjectives of filling, satiating, smearing and the like, where di has taken the place of the original instr. or gen. línaid: ronlín di rath in spirto, Wb. 20 d 11 . líntar lán di fín, 11 b 13 . a llínad di atrub ┐ dóinib, Ml. 133 c 11 . CCath. 1920 (forlínaid). cor lín in grian da soillsi in doman, Acall. 5442 . líntar lestar de, PH 6362 . ib. 2507 . líonta dairc, TSh. 38 . 14 . líon mála de ghainiṁ na trágha, Gadelica 88. 26 . lán: inna mmaige robtar lána di Assaraib, Ml. 40 b 7 . ib. 36 b 3 . 40 b 7 . 104 d 3 . Sg. 59 b 18 . it bois láin di uisciu, Thes. ii 249. 10 . ib. 320. 26 . ScM. § 1 . FB § 67 . ba llán in tír di suigibh, Anecd. iii 49. 9 . at lána dímsa, PH 3405 . ib. 2016 . 2113 . 7177 . Subst. loingṡithel ┐ a lán duisci inti, Acall. 7149 ; cf. XXXVI (c). foslig smears : lase foruillechta béoil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7 d 9 . foselgatar a bráthir a tunig som do fuil, Tur. 128 . focertar i nim ┐ fuslegar de imman delg, Thes. ii 248. 7 . sáithech satiated, satisfied , sásaid satiates : ba sáthech in cú de, Hy. v 28 . beit sáithig de na braineoin, Lec. 440 b 9 . na hindmassa doratait dúinn...do sásad bocht díb, PH 6122 . lour: lór di chath, SCC § 36 . PH p. 787 a ; cf. XXXVI (c). riar supplying wants: a muinntir do riar don ṁin cheadna, TSh. 137. 10 . Cf. also frisailethar serves, attends : rofreslad co maith do cach ní, Acall. 6845 .

XLIV DI OF MANNER—the sense of means passing into that of attendant circumstances. The old instr. is occasionally preserved: dotaet bidc, FDG 37 (YBL). atchuadatar briathraib bíthib, SR 5814 . —doghabhasdair aga ccaoineadh do chneadhaibh ┐ d'éighṁibh ┐ d'osnadhaibh ML 108. 14 . gabuis in rígmílid uirri do brathbuillib móraibsecha co torchair leis, SG 251. 4 f.b. laibheoraidh an cluigín do ghuth ṡolusbhinn, ib. 2. 33 . dolabhair do briathraibh gruama, 12. 23 . adubairt Serlus do briathraib imcainte, RC xix 18 § 6 . adubairt do guth mór, ib. 18 § 4 . adubhairt d'ḟoclaibh dána, Midnight court 61 . rolabhuir an colam fris do glór dhaona, Ériu iv 53. 31 . raluidin se de marcaib I used to ride on steeds Ériu i 72. 20 . dothuit ar talaṁ do tháimnéll báis she fell to the ground in a dead faint RC xix 162 § 151 (ambiguous). di léimim with a leap: dotiag dia léimim inna carptib, LU 63 b 5 . TBC-LL¹ 738 Y. téid san uaṁaigh do léim, Ériu i 30. 239 . di bidc id.: dotaed do bheidhg asin imdaig, FDG 37 B.K. (dotœd bidg YBL). In a similar way arose a great number of standing phrases, cf. di chois, dech, di ḟorcraid, doenguth, doenbreith, doeninntinn.

XLV DI OF CAUSE, REASON OR MOTIVE—This sense was developed partly from the sense of `means' and partly from that of starting-point or origin (XXII above). Cf. such a phrase as: is de tháinic a thiugbás originated from i.e. was caused by Acall. 2584 .

(a) from, by, in consequence of, according to, in various usages: si enim mente excedimus, Deo, gl. .i. caritate .i. di imradud Dæ, Wb. 15 d 7 . Ml. 99 a 9 . Sg. 50 a 3 . di chor cruinn dacer dul issa muir de ligno sortis in mare missus Tur. 131 . cia adbar dia cess in bith, SR 7866 . ropo liath in mag sin dia ninchinnib, RC iii 177. 33 . ba brecc do imdornchoraib na claideb, Ériu iv 26. 26 . corbo chlárḟind...don tṡnechtu, TBC-LL¹ 1706 . ní bia blicht ac buar ...don bás hísin in consequence of ZCP viii 111. 23 . ní bí acht trí duirn in cach duine díb ┐ is bláith inócclach iat da méte féin according to their size (Stokes) ZCP ii 260 § 186 . fordorchae soillsi in lae don tṡaighnén (means and cause at the same time), CCath. 373 . de therefore, for that reason, consequently : Thes. i 5. 29 . ii 253. 8 . is de tra doforgill som, Mon. Tall. 140. 17 ; 144. 25 . is de forácaib Fiacha Connla ina tír, ZCP viii 314. 16 . betis colla de can chend, Ériu i 130. 39 . RC xii 88§97 . ZCP viii 115. 4 . Denoting consequence: torchis Eocho do chinn a chéli co mbreth Colla de, ZCP viii 319. 29 . bia torrach uaimsea ┐ béra mac de, BDD §7 .—Often in poetry in a vague sense, esp. at the end of a line to suit the metre. Frequent after comparatives corresponding to Lat. eo, Goth. þe, Eng. the; v. 5 de. desin id. bái imchosnum ┐ tnúth mór eter B. ┐ F. desin, RC xxiv 180. 10 . dochuaid doigh éada a nAoife dhesin, OCL 6. 7 . is demin desin conid náma Dé intí ná cretend, PH 2264 . coná fétait desin na popuil fognam, 4233 , 568 . &c., v. PH p. 629 b . TSh. 20. 22 . deside id.: conid córa deside marb do rád frisin pecthach, PH 4811 . diṡuidiu, disuidi, didiu, v. didiu. dindí for that, because, since , cf. airindí: dindí nád rochoilset ind Assair tempul, Ml. 48 d 28 . inde est quod...i. dindí as nansae ┐ as línmar a cenél sin condaarthróithad Dia, 104 a 6 . itaque .i. dindí atacomla, Sg. 161 b 10 . ib. 197 a 15 , 16 , syn. with fobíth. cid dia n- why , cf. cid ara n-, cid frissa n-; may contain either di or do according to the verb that follows. cid dia léicid cundubairt for drécht úaib..., Wb. 13 b 12 . cid dia nepir som aní sin, 19 d 11 . is súaichnid cid dia ndechuith, 16 c 7 . cid dia téige uann RC x 66. 10 . cid dia rotdíchlis ḟormsa, LL 289 b 33 , cf. SG 61. 38 ; but Ml. 35 b 24 (ind fochuinn dia ragbhtha .i. dia sóirad) contains di in the sense of ` of, about, concerning .' aní dia fil the cause of: inní da fuil a marbad, Fianaig. 56. 19 , v. XXVII (b).

(b) in the construction of several verbs, subst., and adjectives, denoting:

(α) to die of, to be sick with: atbail, atbath, caillter, téit éc, is marb, galrach and the like. atbail: mani eple de, Sg. 181 a 5 . dafuabair galar...atbail de, SCC § 4 . in dig tonnaid dia nerbalt, LMU 17. 32 . co nerbailt do bidg oenúaire, LL 25 a 39 . atbélam di ḟuacht ┐ gortai, MacCarthy 62. 8 f.b. de galar olc, ib. 158. 8 . atbath: conid de atbathatar, Thes. ii 298. 18 . dend áine sin, Mon. Tall. 156. 5 . dia guin, RC xxiv 184. 15 . do mallchríne, MacCarthy 144. 2 . do thám thrait, ib. 142 st 3 . do galar, BColm. 106. 4 . conbeba dot breith, LL 147 a 6 . caillter: ní caillfear den ocras tu, Gadelica 90. 37 . éc: éc a máthar dia breith ZCP viii 303. 31 . dochóid N. éc de thám, MacCarthy 146. 3 . a éag do chuṁaid a ṁná, Ériu i 24 l. 115 . tatham: rothathaiṁ C. do bheadhg aonúaire, AFM 308. 4 f.b. marb: marb in ben dot breith, LL 147 a . do bidc oenúaire, SR 7170 . de thám, MacCarthy 150. 15 . do galar, ZCP viii 120. 4 . do dásacht, TFrag. 164. 2 . do chumaid a mná, RC xiii 11. 7 . de, PH 3844 . The opposite is beo de, Wb. 10 b 27 . galar: amal as már a galar de, Ml. 40 b 9 .

(β) to reprimand for, take vengeance for: is cúrsagad rondcúrsagusa di chomitecht, Wb. 19 a 6 . oc toibeim for Laegairi don badbscél, FB § 70 . cairigid: cairigius a menma Ailill don gním sin, TE § 6 LU. Competing with imm. díglaid: coro díglum ár nancride fair do neoch forodámar ara dáig, PH 2219 , v. XXXIII (i).

(γ) to beat one for sth.: céd mbémenda fort láma...da cach uabar dogensat, Ériu i 201. 6 .

(δ) to do penance for: issí a pennit de, Wb. 26 b 20 . du aithrigi dia pecthaib, Thes. ii 253. 6 . ní hécen aithrigi disuidiu, Mon. Tall. 142. 2 . co ṅdénsat aithrigi don chul doronsat PH 993 . aithrige don ulc roimraid, 5134 . ib. 1208 .

(ε) to complain of: fodord dóib di dommatu, Ml. 97 d 10 . murmurare de inopia .i. din dommataid, 97 d 11 . de male potentibus querela, gl. denaib míchumachtgib, 29 a 9 .

(ζ) to be or become angry for: rofergaiged Ailill de, LL 27 b 1 . rofergaigestar fri Patraic do marbud in druad, Anecd. iii 36 . iarna dechrad d'íttaid, LL 75 b 25 . gabaid feirg desin, PH 981 . ib. 855 . Competing with imm.

(η) to be proud of, to boast of: rosgab huall dí imbud a soinmiche, Ml. 57 c 13 . connách gabad huall de, Ml. 69 a 17 . is deidbir móidem di suidib, Wb. 17 d 19 (a rare construction). is diumdach Gúaire díot, SG 53. 13 .

(θ) to be envious or jealous of: nongaib format friu dia sóinmichi, Ml. 43 a 14 . nád robae étugud Dæ desom, 32 d 10 .

(ι) to be thankful for: attlugud boide do Dia dibar nícc, Wb. 27 c 2 . di cach maith, 27 a 7 . dia sóirad, Ml. 117 b 7 .gratus...de præstitis, gl. dinaib remfoiridib, Ml. 72 c 3 . gratus...de recentibus præstitis, gl. dinaib remfoiredib nuib .i. dinaib degnímaib, 75 a 12 . budig desen, Thes. ii 343. 32 . dín bat budig brain, LU 119 a 33 . buidech dib, ACL iii 6. 1 . Midnight court 898 . diambtis budig d'oenbairgin, Ériu i 132. 72 . SG 19. 6 ; 54. 32 (bud buide Guaire díot). BB 498 a 15 (di toirtib in talmun).

(κ) sad, mournful, tired, weary and the opposite: arnápat toirsich dim chuimregaib se, Wb. 26 d 21 . 27 a 34 . toirsich de, Trip. 84. 19 . brónach: is de ní beth brónaig, Fél. Prol. 188 . b. de díth a coiceli, ZCP iii 248 § 63 . desin, PH 911 . doguilse: d. di neuch adbaill ┐ di neuch nád etar ┐ di neuch bís la nech, Wb. 16 b 11 . co cáined in doman do bás Mártain amal noḟáiltniged dia bethaid, RC ii 400 § 38 . de quibus oportuerat me gaudere .i. díibsi, Wb. 14 d 9 .

(λ) thirst from: bátar i nítaid...dend ḟulacht they were athirst from the cooked food RC xxiv 196. 11 .

(μ) intoxicated : atbertis conid for mesca do nua fína robátar na hapstail, PH 5394 .

(ν) weak from: súili tláithi do déraib, Ériu i 138. 6 .

(ξ) Here also arcessi commiserates, has compassion on (orig. is sorry for): air arrocheis side di bochtai cháich, Ml. 61 a 9 . airchissis de, LU 78 a 15 . roairchis dind Críst, Snedg. u. Mac R 9. 9 . dib, 11. 17 . dííb, PH 4961 . dimm, 1301 . dínn 2204 . 4412 . airchis co luath díomsa, SG 393. 2 . Occasionally also do: a. daib (3 pl.) PH 1009 . arcessi do neoch, Wb. 4 c 19 .—Cf. airchissech di cech duine, Rawl. 40 a . menma airchisechtach di cach duine, 3 B 23, 27 a 1 .

XLVI DI OF MEASURE WITH COMPARATIVES corresponding to Oir. i n-: dob áirdi do dhá throigh Admirandus A. was taller by two feet RC xix 368 § 235 . as má Mars do bheagán ná oiread go leith na talman paulo maior Gadelica ii 106. 5 . For -de after comparatives v. XLV (a).

XLVII DI IN THE SENSE OF GEN. or ABL. QUALIT.: in corp do rogili ┐ in folt do roáilli ┐ in agaid do chumtachta ┐ in tṡúil do roglaissi, ZCP iv 40. 13 sq. issiat ubla is millsi amuigh do chubra innsi Áduim of the fragrance of Adam's Isle Ériu iv 114. 4 .

XLVIII (Possibly a subdivision of XXVIII) DI is the preposition in idiomatic impersonal phrases of the type: attá d'ḟebas na síne the weather is good: is fossad do chéim glan glé cia beith d'ḟeabus na síne, TE § 9. 6 Eg. má beth tra do húaite ind aessa gráid lasna tuatha cia beit trí hecailsi for cubus cech ḟir gráid, Ériu i 220 § 13 . má beth tra do úaisle ind ḟ.r gráid ┐ a airmidin dofórmagar a dligid, ib. § 15 . Here also Ériu iv 142 § 19 : cia bar lín se...ní fil ém diar núaiti we are not few; and PH 3964 : bói dia óite in inbaid he was a young man at that time.

XLIX DI OF TIME: for, during : do thríb cethorchaib aidchi ammain for usciu ┐ bargin, Mon. Tall. 136. 7 . di lau: luid tria hecosc a ṡenathar do Themuir di lau sobais on a prosperous day ZCP viii 311. 18 . do ló in ḟuigill on the day of judgment FA § 6 LB. di lau is d'adaig by day and night: do ló ná d'áidchi, Acall. 6118 . do ló ┐ d'aiche, Lib. Flav. ii 25 a 2. 22 . pl. do láib is d'aidchib, Ériu iv 106. 14 . d'adaig at night , q.v. disin unde, hinc, exinde, proinde, v. XXXI. di chéin from afar , v. XXXI. di chianaib, ib.

L DI FORMING ADVERBS from adjectives. Cf. Lat. de improviso, de novo, de integro, de cetero, de subito (Plaut., Lucilius), Lat. de repente (Plaut.). di léir diligently : guidid Dia di léir, Ml. 68 a 15 . geib do mámb do léir (v.l. co lléir), ACL iii 313. 2 . robói Fergus féin isin gliaid sin ┐ atát a scéla do léir aige, ib. 5. 7 . di glé clearly, openly : ní éicsem huile do glé cid fri saegul sechtmaine, Rawl. 88 b 26 . di gnáth usually, always : is grema duit nách é Tadhg do choṁarsa garcc do gnáth, ZCP viii 223 st 23 . do ghnáth. Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380. 12 . AFM 2256. 3 . As to do gréss cf. LI. di biuc a little, di mór much : dia nellad do bicc' nó mór ón ḟuigell ḟírén, PH 4140 . do biuc ZCP viii 217. 17 . do lomm, Midnight court 391 . Cf. XXXV above. do ṡír always = co sír, TSh. 5. 5 ; 12. 25 ; 21. 26 . dḟan sé a bhfochair a athar do ṡíor, TSh. tearcól do ṡ. aca, ib.; ised bís mo smacht do ṡír, Hib. Min. 82.12 . v. sír. Here also dano, if it is from di nuu = Lat. de novo, denuo. Cf. also dáirithe.

LI PHRASES, belonging to E in various senses.

di ág, dág, dáig, dágain, dáigin; dég, d'ḟech, d'éigin for the sake of, because of: dígal...dég ár pectha, Ml. 88 a 4 . d'fech, Ardm. 17 b 1 . bid dibar nág si ronbia ni corona, Wb. 25 a 3 . di ág mná .i. di ág Medba, ZCP viii 305. 20 . di ág aige Aingine, RC x 224. 166 . v. dáig, &c.

d'áis with the consent of, of free will : go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'éiccen until they should rescue the Earl by consent or violence AFM vi 2172. 25 . tré chloinn Eogain 'sní dá nais but not with their consent R.I.A. 23 G 24 p. 250 .

di breith, do b. according to the judgment : do b. rechta PH 2810 . do b. a anmcharat, ib. 7615 . See breth.

di bríg because of: de bhrígh nách bhfuil spioraid Chríost aca, De Imit. 1. 16 . do bhrígh ó bheith na pheacthach dhó, TSh. 62. 1 . dá bhrígh sin for that reason, TSh. and mod.

do chet with the permission of, opp. cen chet: adubhairt nách geabhdaois suirghe ón dias sin oile acht do chead a nathar, ML 12. 25 . do chead Dé, SG 16. 35 . do ched a nathar, AFM v 1686. 24 .

di chiunn, do chiunn away , after a verb of motion: intan tét a laithe di chiunn, Ml. 21 c 3 . for the sake of, on behalf of, &c. de chind, LU 82 b 18 .

di choiss on foot : is dia chois a mbúi, Hib. Min. 70. 15 . immathéged cách dia chuis, LU 40 a 12 . dariachtatar na noecharptig...┐ in triar de choiss maroen riu...┐ nira luathiu na noecharptig anda in triar de choiss, LL 101 b 32 = TBC-LL¹ 5876 . do choiss, BB 487 b 5 . ib. 7 a 34 . conadh airi sin nách togluasinn laech do ch. ná dheoch, ZCP i 394. 13 . Cf. di thraig below.

di chumaid from sorrow LL 11 a 29 . 23 a 50 , b 38 . SR 6923 . See XLV (b α).

di dáig because of. See dáig.

di deoin by the will of: atbath rí de deoin Dé, LL 133 a 22 . dia deoin of his own accord LL 16 b 7 . PH 2361 sq. dia nd., LL 193 a 46 . dom d., Fianaig. 62. 12 . ZCP viii 223. 30 . v. 1 deóin, aindeóin.

d'écin by force : d'áis nó d'éiccen, v. dáis supra.

d'eoch on horseback : do chois nó dh'eoch, ZCP i 394. 13 . Synonym for eoch, TFrag. 204. 15 .

dom dóig on my own account : doscríbus sin dom doig Mon. Tall. 154. 26 .

di druimm by means of, in virtue of, on the score of: de dh. dinntleachta, De Imit. 4. 1 . do dh. chennaig, AFM vi 2076. 5 . na ccreach, ib. v 1338. 4 f.b. de dhruim díchill ┐ díoghraise, TSh. 225. 3 (N.E.). Often only a strengthened di, v. druim(m).

di eclai for fear : d'eagla go ndiongnadh biataigh dhíobh ML 118. 17 . ná hinnis aní bu mian leat do dénam d'egla muna, &c., Ériu iv 126 § 4 .

d'ḟebas on account of the goodness or excellence of: tét do saigid Chuipit dia febus a ṡeirce sium ó gentib, Aen. 384 . d'feabas a delba, FDG 458 . tabair di siud iad d'febas. a huirchill, SG 297. 6 .

d'ḟech v. di ág supra.

d'ḟeirc in anger : dodechad...d'ḟeirg riut dot romad TBC-LL¹ 3421 .

dia ḟír in truth LL 192 a 36 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 49. 39 ).

di ḟochonn in consequence of: di ḟ. a ferge a ttothfund for fairge, Todd Nenn. 132. 51 .

di ḟorcraid, di imḟorcraid, d'imarcraid abundantly, extra, in excess : atá leusom di forcrid a ndudesta airibsi, Wb. 14 a 33 . conná ternó ní dona .u. gaiscedaib déc nobítís di imforcraid hi tegluch Chonchobair, LU 61 a 13 f.b. ; cf. PH p. 758 a , and see immarcraid, immḟorcraid, immarcaid.

d'ḟorniurt through the oppression or tyranny of: fearg oirne ┐ air d'ḟoirnirt indluig, Ériu iv 212. 20 .

di gním nó di bréithir in word or deed : má dotuc easanóir do g. na do b. do nech acu, RC xix 28 § 22 .

do gréss continually, semper : origin of do obscure, v. 2 grés.

di inchaib, do i., d'inchaib ( LL 147 b 16 ) for the honour of, under the protection of, &c. tair lind dí giall di i. Connacht, LU 69 b 2 (cf. Laws v 308. 19 : fíach gill di inchaib). de i., FB § 13 . dit i., LU 66 b 38 . roléiccead ass d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, AFM 1072. 14 . See 1 enech, ainech.

do láthair, de l. in presence of, before (both after verbs of motion and of rest) contains original do.

di léimim v. XLIV.

di marcaib v. XLIV.

di memur, do mebair by rote, by heart : gabáil ind tsailm de memur, Mon. Tall. 142. 24 . dobhí dḟebus a ṁebra gach a cluinedh tiar is tair dobíodh aige do mebair, SG 108. 7 . gan aonḟocal do ṁebair, ib. 280. 1 . atá in scriptúir do mebair lais, PH 2185 . ib. 4178 .

di glanmemur, do ghlanṁeabhair id. conách bi ní da gcluineadh gan a bheith do ghlainmeabhrae aige, MR 282. 11 (Stowe, not in YBL). dá mbeidheadh an bíobla go léir de ghlanṁeaṁair agat, De Imit. 2. 4 . ib. 112. 4 .

dia mess féin according to his own opinion Each. Iol. 25. 14 .

di miscais from hatred : dia m. ara máthair, Ériu iv 102. 6 .

di muin, glossed de chommairgi: robí (.i. romarb) Aed di muin Chormaic in ríg , Rawl. 122 a = LL 314 a 27 .

di muir by sea : ac indrudh Muman do muir ┐ do thír RC xviii 49. 24 . in comdortad darónsat a námait do muir ┐ do thír fair, CCath. 2675 . cach olc do muir is do thír tige fri Temrach, BColm. 102. 10 .

do nós ever : do n. mar is cóir dóib, Hy Fiach. 459. 1 ; ib. 458. 35 . ar thagid do n., KMMisc. 264. 13 .

d'oenaicned of one mind : d'aentáib ┐ d'aenláim ┐ d'aenaigned da bar ninnsaigid, MR 194. 14 .

d'oenbreith at one birth : doenbreith ructha Olom ┐ Conrí ZCP viii 332. 2 .

d'oenintinn of one mind, intent : dias dot sluagaib do beith da aeninntinn, RC xix 26 § 19 .

d'oenláim. See d'oenaicned.

d'oenméin with one accord : dorinneadar uile d'aoinṁéin, TSh.

d'oentóib together (after verbs of motion as well as of rest): is d'oentaib bátar ind fir se hi cend Ulad, SCC § 22 . do chuadar cum an catha dh'aentaeibh, Caithr. CC 25 .

d'oentoisc with special aim, deliberately, exclusively LL 90 b 25 . Laws iii 422. 5 ; v 336. 19 , 20 . TSh. 160. 2 ; 215. 16 ; v. toisc.

d'oenuaim of one report, all together , v. Dinneen 36 a .

d'oenurchor, v. XXXVII (f).

di ráith, do r., .i. ar son for the sake of O'C. is di r. dee dobeir dígail fort, Wb. 6 a 14 ; v. ráith.

do réir ( dit réir, ACL iii 313. 2 ) according to contains original do, v. 1 do.

di rogain, di rogu, with beirid = takes as a choice, chooses : ruc in mac ba sine a indmus do rogain, LB 158 b 6 . AFM 1640. 8 . Proverbs 22. 1 . a breith do (v.l. de) roghain TSh. 56. 25 .

di ṡeirc for love : cum benignitas apparuit saluatoris nostri .i. is do seirc móir dodechuid airitiu colno do Chríst, Wb. 31 d 2 . asbert...cid dia mbói fochond a galair. atá dit seirc seo ol Ailill, TE § 10 LU (belongs under XLV a). is dia ṡeirc conairlither a thol it is through love of Him that His will is cared for Ériu i 195. 2 .

diṡuidiu = didiu, q.v.

di thír by land . See di muir.

di thoisc, do thoisc on account of, owing to: ag caoineadh a amaráin féin do thoisg an trír chéadna, TSh. 60. 7 . gach saoth da dtig orra is do th. an ubhaill úd táinig, 92. 15 . bás...da ṡíol do th. a anuṁla sin, 93. 1 f.b. do th. an adhalt rannais, 151. 18 , &c. Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 194 .

di thraig on foot , cf. di choiss: doluid aṅgel Dé dia thraig ar chinn Baláim, SR 4785 .

d'urmór for the greater part: dochuartaighsiod fearann Chonaire ┐ dochreachsat durmór é, ML 22. 19 .

E DI OF THE SUBJECT-MATTER OF THOUGHT, FEELING OR ACTION : of, concerning, with regard to, in reference to, corresp. to Lat. de.—For the sense-development compare: is becc pridchimmeni di rúnaib Dée, Wb. 12 c 6 . atfét dún ní dona mórgaibfi rogaifis, Anecd. iii 53. 26 . co ninnisi tú ní dot madgnímradaib, &c.

LII

(a) In elliptical or incomplete sentences: de collectis autem quae fiunt in sanctos, .i. dinab gabálib, Wb. 13 d 33 . uaniloqui...maxime qui de circumcisione sunt, gl. de Iudeib ón that is of the Jews, 31 b 15 . mire sane uariauit hos uersus .i. cachla fers and di adhuath...in fers aile dí húaisletu, Ml. 40c16 . du gnímaib aní tuas du persannaib anísiu sís, 117 c 6 . ib. 89 d 12 . 102 d 9 . in finem .i. di laithiu brátha, 40 a 19 . Transl. Lat. de: Sg. 2 a 10 (donaib). 2 b 1 (dinaib). With the copula: is do (seldom di) is of, about : ní dond imdibu colnidiu lessom inso he is not here speaking of &c., Wb. 10 a 14 . is do diuchtrad corporum ┐ do chotlud corporum , 25 c 12 . náich do imdibu colnidu aní thuas, 10 a 15 . is do dóinacht maicc cachla focull ┐ dia deacht a naill, Ml. 24 d 30 . is dind oipred, 67 c 18 .—ceith dand erán ┐ den seildind imbe both as to the bread and, &c. Mon. Tall. 151. 25 . issed as chóir laisim...de bithbúr praindea, ib. 146. 28 . isí comairli is cóir dhe, ZCP viii 114. 8 . ni ba edh de thuathaib Dea it was not so with RC xii 92 § 122 .

(b) in subject-headings, titles of tales, chapters , &c. after Latin model: Cato de agna pascenda, gl. din dínit bed ṡástai, Sg. 39 b 11 . Nonio Marcello de doctorum indagine .i. dind eclim, 17 a 6 . De Chophur in da Muccide, LL 246 a 15 . de gabáil in tṡída inso sís, 245 b 12 f.b. do fallsigud Tána Bó Cúalṅge, 245 b 1 . de rígaib Muman inso, 320 a 15 . do Monur (leg. monur) epscop sunna, ACL iii 313. 1 ; 316. 15 , ZCP x 378 . do fedmannaib anmcharat...so, 318. 11 . de chórus cána in domnaich budesta, Anecd. iii 21. 1 . agso síos do ríoghaibh Éireann, Keat. iii 2. 1 .—Often at the end of a tale when the title is repeated.

(c) in the construction of many verbs, such as—

(α) speak, tell, preach, mention and the like. Lat. loqui, dicere, narrare de. Referring to Lat. dicere: cum dicit de osoribus suis .i. di náimtib, Ml. 16 d 5 . de suscepto homine dicta .i. di dóinacht Críst són, 17 a 11 . Sg. 3 b 27 . 66 a 6 . Lat. tractare: de speciebus...supra tractauimus, gl. di delbaib, Sg. 61 a 1 . praefari, Ml. 61 a 35 , 36 . sermo esse, 26 b 5 . inserere de, 75 b 20 , cf. 26 b 20 . After adfét, asindet, aisndís; di: a nadfiadar di Críst, Wb. 27 a 10 . ib. 5 c 16 (di thuiste dúile). innahi adfiadam di Christ, Ml. 93 d 14 . aisndis di duiniu, 131 a 12 . intan adcóidemmar di comparit, Sg. 43 a 6 . Ml. 65 a 1 . 115 d 9 . Cf. Sg. 103 a 1 . Tur. 40 . din (-nd, -nt), Ml. 14 d 10 . 40 b 8 . dinaib, 40 c 18 . de, 122 a 2 . Sg. 18 a 1 . 59 b 7 . diib, Ml. 145 c 7 , 8 . di, 42 b 7 . dia (n-), 40 b 8 . 54 a 20 . Sg. 197 a 6 . taidbsin dia nécid remaind, PH 6689 . do: aisndís du forgairib Dæ, Ml. 66 c 3 . ib. 14 b 12 . 14 d 3 . 24 d 30 . 42 b 18 . 110 c 5 . 125 a 11 . 126 b 1 . 137 d 2 .—do may be original in the sense `ascribe to' ( Ml. 72 d 9 ). asbeir di: amal bid di muir atberad, Ml. 62 c 2 . ib. 37 a 14 . dind, 21 c 3 . dinaib, Wb. 5 a 4 . dínni: ní don daum storidiu acht is dínni preceptórib ar is díin asrobrad a ndede so, 10 d 8 . diib, Sg. 29 b 16 . 73 b 8 . 203 b 6 . di 3 sg. f., Wb. 15 d 20 . Ml. 145 c 3 . dia n-, Wb. 13 c 12 . 21 d 4 . Ml. 14 d 13 . Sg. 66 b 10 . 71 a 17 . 208 a 7 . diar n-, Wb. 17 c 23 . is de atberthe in sírite de, SCC § 17 . cid arnapair in tapstal spirtalda díb, RC xxv 244 §§ 20 - 23 . issed asbered som de suidiu, Mon. Tall. 142. 19 . de bithúr, 136. 31 . PH p. 630 a . do: Ml. 26 a 8 . 45 a 9 . 51 d 25 . 133 a 10 . don, dund: asberar corp don dlúim máir sin, Wb. 9 d 5 . Ml. 17 b 23 . 37 b 19 . donaib, 37 b 24 . issed asbert do bithfúr, Mon. Tall. 134. 21 .—In the sense `ascribes to' do may be original ( Wb. 4 b 3 . 9 d 5 . Ml. 110 d 16 ). atá briathar: ní díib attáa briathar less it is not of them he speaks Wb. 13 a 16 . intí dia robe briathar linn, Sg. 197 b 12 . PH 2725 . 3148 . 4600 . 6189 . 6501 . 6698 . 6791 . cestnaigidir asks, inquires : cestnaigther do forcraid na foltni, RC xxv 240 § 12 . foraithmet mention of: f. ṅde, Ml. 61 b 12 . dia mbi f. riam, Sg. 197 b 18 . coná raibi acht mad f. bec di (viz. the Táin) in Érinn, ACL iii 4. 15 . gairthir di is called : goirther coin in diabuil díb, PH 7703 . Sabecdai do gairm díb, 6969 . Longínus goirther dím, 694 . dogairther di id.: conid de dogarar díndi Féne ó Fénius, Ériu iv 140. 23 . RC xxiv 184. 7 . BColm. 58. 3 . labraithir Lat. `loquitur': ní labrathar di féisne, Sg. 199 b 6 . de se loqui, gl. cétna persan di féisin, 199 b 10 . quando de ratione...loquimur, gl. de chaldigud, 181 a 9 . pridchid: is becc pridchimme ni di rúnaib Dé, Wb. 12 c 6 . rolá di: ní du choscrad in tempail rala som, Tur. 80 . ráidid: Góidil do rád dib, Thes. ii 316. 24 ; 317. 33 .

(β) sing of, write of. Lat. canere, scribere de. canaid: is di laithiu sabbait rocét in salm so, Ml. 57 d 13 . ib. 48 b 11 . 85 b 11 (referring to Lat. cecinit). Thes. ii 252. 14 . conid díbsin rochéad in seanchaid, RC xxiv 182. 15 . PH p. 630 a . gaibid: di: di thuasulgud in popuil...rogabad in salm so, Ml. 116 c 2 . ib. 16 a 10 . 35 a 8 . 35 a 10 . 44 b 1 . 48 d 27 . 133 b 1 . 139 a 8 , 10 , 11 . din, 44 b 1 . 48 d 28 . 112 c 11 . de, 16 a 10 . 24 d 26 . 44 b 1 . 48 d 27 , 28 . dia (n-), 35 b 24 . 44 b 1 . dimsa, 17 b 18 . díb, 35 a 8 . do: is de rogabad in salm so do dechur etir deacht ┐ dóinacht maicc, 24 d 26 . 24 d 29 . 45 d 7 . 133 b 2 . 139 a 6 , 9 . Referring to Lat. scríbere, Wb. 25 b 7 .

(γ) prophesy, prefigure; testify . do-airchain: is díimsa tairrchet, Wb. 7 a 2 . ib. 15 a 34 . 26 d 9 . desom, Ml. 38 c 9 . di thetacht in spirto...profetauit, Tur. 170 b 2 . amal roterchan in fáith de, PH 5115 . fiugraid: an rofiugrad di Críst, Wb. 15 a 34 . fáitsine: dia mbói oc fáitsine dia mac, PH 3436 . dobeir forcell: is de dobiur f. di neurt inna deserce, Wb. 16 c 4 . ib. 25 d 20 , 21 (díibsi), 25 d 20 . Ml. 22 d 19 . 24 d 14 . a forcell forrogelsam ni di laithiu brátho, Wb. 25 d 20 . dobeir teist (testas): do thabirt testassa dínn, Wb. 15 a 3 . ib. 15 a 6 . 15 d 8 a . 18 a 3 . 23 a 23 . 24 c 16 . 25 a 18 . 28 b 6 . 28 c 4 . 34 a 3 .

(δ) instruct, teach . Lat. docere de: do munud a dalti di cach gním, Wb. 24 d 10 .

(ε) discuss, dissertate . Lat. disserere, disputare de: etarcert di dúlib, Wb. 27 a 10 . di phecthib, 29 c 10.

(ζ) blaspheme : du écnduch di Dia, Ml. 72 b 5 (hardly for `do'; usually with gen. `écndach Dé').

(η) hear, think, remember, forget . Lat. audire, cognoscere, sentire de. cluinithir: issed rochualai Maolrúain la sruthi di dérgu ind tíri, Mon. Tall. 133. 19 . Cf. magna a patribus de tuis factis audiuimus .i. di neuch durigni siu du adamru, Ml. 63 c 5 . domoinethar: cáintoimtiu diib, Wb. 23 a 22 . náro taithmen Ísu do forcraid na foltne did not think of RC xxv 242. 16 . Referring to Lat. sentire, Ml. 15 b 4 . accipi de, ib. 17 d 11 . coná raibi acht mad cuimne di (viz. the Táin) i nÉrinn, ACL iii 4. 15 . cuimnigidir is mindful of: ní de fat na foltni .i. dia forcraid acht dia nárim nammá cumniges Ísu isin tṡoscélu, RC xxv 240 § 12 . ár ndermat ni diar sóirad, Ml. 96 a 13 .

(θ) care for, provide for, be confident about, fear for: dethiden: dethiden díbsi, Wb. 14 d 13 . dissi, 28 d 22 . diibsi, 26 d 19 . d. dinaib bochtaib, Ml. 129 c 3 . Cf. cia dethitiu i faili siu don bargin út, Ériu i 134. 3 . Later also with for. A cpd. with di (*di-aith-fedan). remcaisiu, remdéicsiu providence ; remidéci provides for: nád rabae r.-déicsiu Dé dimso, Ml. 59 a 48 . desom, 91 a 21 . díib, 90 b 17 . dia dúlib, 20 b 2 . remcaissiu Dé diib, 90 b 19 . 90 c 9 . diib som, 122 d 7 . dinni, 91 b 10 . dinaib dúlib, 20 c 3 . de, 50 d 1 .— nadmbed dliged remdéicsen Dé du dóinib sech remideci Dia dunaib anmandib amlabrib, 55 d 25 . essamnae: de protectione tua...fiducia, gl. ní núae dúnni ind esamnae so dit dítin siu this confidence concerning thy protection Ml. 110 d 12 . Cf. XXXII above.

(ι) uisio quae de obscuratione solis facta est, .i. din temul, Ml. 16 c 7 .

(κ) de Homine intelligendum est .i. di dóinacht maicc is immaircide, Ml. 25 d 17 . is din gním...is i. .i. du chésad Chríst, Ml. 113 d 3 . do of the person, Wb. 12 b 26 .

do-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-icc or dil.ie/17788
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: condid-ticci, tici-siu, do-da-ic, to-t-ic, tic, to-nn-ecad, do-s-ecat, tecait, ticed, doticed, tictis, thictis, toi-n-ictis, ticed, to-n-iced, do-m-icced, tecat, tis[s]a, tíos, tiu-sa, tís, go tis-[s]iu, tís, tisi, do-mm-, tí, tísam, tissaid, do-t-ísat, nacha-tísat, tíssat, ndon-tisat, tisor, tísir-siu, tissain, do-da-íssed, do-n-ised, do-m-issed, tised, thised, condid-tísed, condísed, contísed, tismais, tistai, do-m-istais, do-n-ístais, doristis, tístis, ticabh, ticub, do-sn-icfa, do-nd-iccfa, to-t-icfa, ticfea, ticfe, ticfai, du-nd-icfet, ticfat, ticfait, ticfaind, do-n-icfad, ticfed, du-nd-icfitis, tiuc-, tiucfad, tánac, rotanac-sa, do-ndn-anac, to-nn-anac, tánac, do-m-anicc, du-nn-ánic, du-da-ánaic, tánicc, nin-tánicc, tanaic, nín-tanic, condanicc, tánic, táinic, donfáncid, donangid, tancaibair, do-m-ancadar, du-sn-ancatar, táncatar, dom-ranic, dosranic, damrancadar, tecar, tecar, tecar, tístar, tistar, tísta, thíosta, ticht, tohét, tíchtu, tiacht, techt, da-fic, doficc, do-ficced, do-ficfe, dobarficfa, toficfat, ficfit, dofánic, dosfánic, donfáncid, dosfangator, do-s-físta, rasfecgat, tangus, tánacais, tanacais-[s]iu, ticcis, tigis, dodsisigh, ticsidh, ticsead, tigsed, co-ndn-icsitis, ticc-, tig-, dosfístá

v (* to-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 557 ). Indic. pres. 2 s. condid-ticci, Wb. 24b5 . tici-siu, TBC-I¹ 2610 . 3 s. do-da-ic, Ml. 123d3 . to-t-ic, Fél. May 25 . tic, SR 8117 , etc. 3 pl. to-nn-ecad, TBC-I¹ 475 . do-s-ecat, Lec. 85b1 . (Mid.Ir. tecat, tecait.) Impf. 3 s. ní ticed , Ml. 41d9 . doticed, SR 1116 . 3 pl. tictis, TBC-I¹ 1432 (LU). do thictis , SR 1120 . toi-n-ictis, BB 39a22 . Ipv. 3 s. ticed, LU 3660 ( SCC § 32 ). to-n-iced, TBC-I¹ 1061 ; do-m-icced, etc. 3 pl. tecat, TBC-I¹ 1402 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. co tis[s]a , TBC-I¹ 938 . tíos, Lism. L. 2297 . co tiu-sa , PH 997 . 2 s. tís, TBC-LL¹ 1860 . go tis-[s]iu, 5979 . acht co tís , RC iii 181.14 . Mid.Ir. mina tisi , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . 3 s. do-mm-, Fél. Ep. 561 . co tí , Wb. 8d25 , Ml. 26a5 . 1 pl. ara tísam , TBC-I¹ 25 . 2 pl. tan tissaid , SR 3501 . 3 pl. cé do-t-ísat , Ériu i 198 § 17 . ar nacha-tísat , Wb. 17d10 . co tíssat , Hy. ii 36 . co ndon-tisat , TBC-I¹ 3066 . In Mid.Ir. often depon. in 1 and 2 s.: co tisor , TBC-I¹ 939 , Lism. L. 2315 . na tísir-siu , LL 262b28 . Impf. 1 s. co tissain , SR 1814 . 3 s. do-da-íssed, Ml. 39c15 . do-n-ised, TBC-I¹ 925 (LU). cia do-m-issed , 1728 . tised, Wb. 27c8 . mani thised , 4c15 . condid-tísed, 21a1 . condísed, 25a6 . contísed, Thes. ii 242.6 (Ardm.). do-r-issed, Corm. s.v. leithech (LB). 1 pl. tismais, TBC-I¹ 2357 . 2 pl. dia tistai , TBC-LL¹ 590 . 3 pl. do-m-istais, TBC-I¹ 2832 . do-n-ístais, Ériu i 114 § 3 . ? doristis, TTr.² 692 . tístis. Fut. 1 s. ticabh, Lism. L. 2299 . ticub, Ériu vii 229.11 , AFM i 308 (poem). 3 s. do-sn-icfa, Wb. 5c5 . do-nd-iccfa, 29c4 . to-t-icfa, SR 6855 . ticfea, Wb. 4d6 . ticfe, SR 8103 . ticfai, IT i 20.28 (LB). 3 pl. du-nd-icfet, Ml. 19b11 . ticfat, SR 8037 etc. ticfait, 8129 . Condit. 1 s. ní ticfaind , TBC-I¹ 2504 . 3 s. do-n-icfad, Wb. 21a3 . nad ticfed , Ml. 46a19 . 3 pl. du-nd-icfitis, 68a1 . In later lang. the stem tiuc- commonly occurs in fut. tiucfad (1 s.), TE 9 (Eg.).

Pret. and Perf. 1 s. tánac, SR 1684 , cf. 1695 . rotanac-sa, IT i 102.22 . 2 s. do-ndn-anac, TBC-I¹ 1613 (YBL) = to-nn-anac, (LU). tánac, 485 . 3 s. do-m-anicc, Wb. 12c9 . du-nn-ánic, 25a21 . du-da-ánaic, Ml. 123c3 . tánicc, Wb. 30d11 . nin-tánicc, 1d1 . tanaic, Ml. 35d1 . nín-tanic, 14d4 . condanicc, Wb. 3c27 . Mid.Ir. tánic, táinic. 2 pl. donfáncid, LU 1451 . donangid, 1452 . tancaibair, 2328 . 3 pl. do-m-ancadar, TBC-I¹ 2807 , du-sn-ancatar, 832 . táncatar. With -ro-: dom-ranic, TBC-I¹ 2787 . dosranic, ZCP xi 110 § 32 . damrancadar, TBC-I¹ 2850 . Pass. (s. only) ipv. na tecar , TBC-LL¹ 1767 . Pres. tecar, ni tecar , Laws , etc. Subj. pres. co tístar , Moling 71 . na tistar , RC iii 185.4 . Impf. tísta; muna thíosta , AFM vi 1918 . Pret. and perf. ticht (tohét, v.l.) . . . o Ch. i ndiaid mac mB., Cymmr. xiv 110 § 10 (see ZCP xviii 326 ). -tícht, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 56 § 22 . Vn. tíchtu, tiacht, etc. Later also techt.

Mid.Ir. deuterotonic forms with inorganic -f-: da-fic, TBC-I¹ 561 LU = doficc, YBL; impf. do-ficced; fut. do-ficfe, TBC-I¹ 203 . dobarficfa, SG 376.9 . toficfat, TBC-I¹ 1077 (LU). ficfit, 171 ; pret. dofánic, TBC-I¹ 1778 (LU). dosfánic, SR 1687 . donfáncid, LU 1451 . dosfangator, Hugh Roe 300.4 (donangatar, 5). Pass. subj. impf. do-s-físta, TBC-LL¹ 2818 . Cf. also: rasfecgat (= do-s-ecat), TBC-LL¹ 5088 ( LL 96a47 ).

With s- forms in pret. and perf.: 1 s. tangus. 2 s. tánacais, TBC-I¹ 2415 . tanacais-[s]iu, IT i 102.23 . Also 3 s. ticcis, tigis, e.g. Fl. Earls 32.22 , 46.1 , 78.14 .

The follg. subj. forms are perhaps due to contamination with -dichs-, prototonic stem of do-cóis- (tiagu): Pres. 3 s. dodsisigh . . . ticsidh , Ériu v 156 , 174 . Impf. 3 s. ticsead, Lec. 347a51 ; 342b22 . ara tigsed , 191b30 . 3 pl. co-ndn-icsitis, Lat. Lives 49 . In late Mid.Ir. subj. is often formed from stem ticc-, tig-.

I In O.Ir. usually with direct object (freq. an infixed pron. in accus.) comes to, approaches, denoting motion (physical or figurative).

(a) With pers. obj.: do-ss-icc seigh mar don muir, Anecd. i 70 . to-t-ic (do tic, v.l.) féil Iohannis, Fél. May 25 . ní ticed scís mo chnamai cid dian . . . nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . doticfa diliu trom, SR 2442 . toticfa dígal, 6855 . doforficfa foirit[h]in help will come to you, CCath. 3579 . dobicfat (doforfiucfad, v.l.) anbthine móra, Ériu ii 196 . túatha hÉrenn tairchantais | do-sn-icfed sídflaith núae, Hy. ii 19 . is ed rochreti cách duibsi . . . nachabticfed for rí, Ml. 46a14 . dommí co ndegairdib . . . mo c[h]ara cain may my friend come to me, ACL iii 221 . Michel uasal . . . doti for cech cái, Anecd. ii 52 . nachamthí bét nā bini, Ériu ii 92 . guidim-si . . . nachasti nach plāigh, Anecd. ii 34 . nām thí garga fri sluagh nArda may no resentment against . . . come to me, ACL iii 297 . cé do tísat morgressa, Ériu i 198 . co ndontisat a ndá trichaid cēt sin, TBC-I¹ 3066 . ma(i) domised-sa com thech | hua Mescain should come to me to my house, AU 617 . nicon fil frithorcain nachamthísed-sa, Ml. 107b8 . co nam tísad congain cride, ZCP v 497 . menim-thistais écne, Ériu v 210 . domanic ben maethainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 . isé ceta-domthanic who was the first to come to me, 2794 . boi C. ina otharligiu andside conatatanicc Senoll, 2735 . tainic anbthine mór a cobhlach, CCath. 162 . bennacht for cach donancamar everyone we have come to, Anecd. i 11 . tabraid far mbennachtain forsin flaith do-n-fáncid the prince to whom you have come, MU² 925 . dosfancadar uilc mora, CCath. 313 .

Rare in pass.: dammad ar galaib óenfir dosfístá Oengus, TBC-LL¹ 2818 (= do hionnsochtai, St.).

do-m-icc comes to me in sense of I getfrom): is deolaid a trian tic fer mbunaid the third which the original owner gets, Laws iv 180 . a trian tic na flaithi, Ériu i 214 . tomiced biad cach n-oen-aichde uaidib let them send me food, TBC-I¹ 1061 . do-micced mo dlighedh let me have my right, Laws i 82 Comm. domiced claideb úaib give me a sword, TBFr. 229 . ni-n-tiucba a ndonfarnic arráir we shall not get what we got last night, RC x 66 . minab samlaid thēis, roticfa (for rot-t.) cloch huaimse isin tailm, TBC-I¹ 795 . día tísat eóin Mag M . . . . duticfat thou shalt have them, LU 3272 ( SCC § 6 ). ingaib ifern . . . rothí (= rotthí) nem so shalt thou gain heaven, ZCP vi 265 . acht co nomthi oen-poicc (for oen pócc?) duit provided I get a kiss from you, RC xxiv 198 . con-nachamthised uait acht oen-lám that thou shouldst use only one hand against me, RC iii 184 . bid fō lim tomissed comardha n-uait that thou shouldst send me a token, TBC-I¹ 925 . ara tisad a fīr cāch everyone should get his right, Laws i 152 . maic bic . . . resíu tosni a aicneth (= priusquam impellat natura), Ériu vii 144 . cuman lim amal domáinic labrad how I learned to speak, Imr. Brain ii 293 . co namthí techt do nemdaib till I gain entrance to heaven, Ériu vi 115 . Cf. also: Buarannach mac E. a síth L. domanaicsea I am B. from the fairy-mound of L., MacCongl. 75 (replacing atom-comnaicc, see 1 ad-cumaing).

(b) With obj. denoting place, destination, aim: hi ngrellig donnicc echrad rig to which the horses of a king come, TBC-I¹ 3545 . ba fornocht talam eturru ┐ daneccad hUlaid re fuined ngrēne reach it, TBC-I¹ 3418 . in tan tanic in ṁBruig ṁbúain, Ériu vii 223 . mac is amru tánic Laigniu riam, RC xiii 373 . do neoch nā toracht ┐ nā tanic an dunad, TBC-I¹ 3409 . tancatar a tech, Hy. v 53 . co tancatar Temraig, RC iii 182 . ? cén co tisam dutracht lind though we achieve not our desire, SG 45 .

co ticci till thou comest (to): condid-ticci till thou comest to it, Wb. 24b5 . rob áil damsa do dula-su co tici fail i fil Emer, TBC-I¹ 2425 . settai mná Ulad uli co nomthici-sea till thou comest to me, i.e. except me, FB § 24 . Usually as prepositional phr. as far as, up to, till: focheird C. tri bidgu ina ndiaid cotici in n-ath, TBC-I¹ 1324 . co tici Ath Da Fertai, 2135 . co ticci a dorn, 3163 . do sárluag . . . co tici do chutrommae up to thy full value (weight), TE 13 (LU). dochoid-si . . . codicce Dun S., TBC-I¹ 1317 . táinicc Brian hi Midhe co ticci Loch nA., AFM ii 728 . Cf. mod. gonuige up to, as far as, and co tí under II (a) infra.

II In Mid.Ir. and later lang. usually intrans. comes . So occasionally in O.Ir. glosses, e.g. Wb. 27c8 , 30d11 , Ml. 46a19 , and in the phrase co tí, Wb. 8d25 , 26a5 , 11 , Ml. 26a5 ; more freq. the obj. (person or destination) is replaced by a neut. infixed pron. inna persine dodiccfa, Wb. 29c4 . condid-tísed ind aimser, 21a1 . ciasidfiadat-som dundicfet in[na] fochaidi, Ml. 19b11 . ind aimsir dundicfitis Assair, 68a1 . So in the follg. exx.: fri snadud neich dodisad co n-airchetul who should come with poetry, TBC-I¹ 594 (YBL). is bráth fri bidbadu dodanic ann, 3192 . in laech dodanic, 3205 , cf. 3214 , 3216 . ba hé Cáilte dodánic, Imr. Brain i 48 . is bruthmar a bara in chaurad dadanig and, TBC-I¹ 3277 . is leth gliad dandanic (= dond.) and, 3252 . fíad ind óclaig dundánic, Imr. Brain i 47 . ar cind cach tascuir dodanic, Laws i 48 Comm. The freq. use of and thither, there in combination with this infixed pron. shows that the force of the latter was early lost. The orig. trans. construction leaves its trace further in Mid.Ir. and even later in the freq. occurrence of a nugatory infixed obj. pron.: dafic C. chucu, TBC-I¹ 561 (LU = doficc, YBL). nostic immach he comes forth, Ériu iv 100 (ergid, v.l.). dusfic Eoin gusin gcuid oile do na hapstaloibh, Fl. Earls 116 . a hArd C. dusfánaicc go Cenel Conaill, Hy Fiach. 76 . nostecat 'na ndáil, Ériu iv 106 . dusficceat darsna múraibh, AFM vi 2214 .

(a) In lit. sense: lion ticcthi tar tuile theinn as many of you as come, BS 20 . na fir-sea thecait anair who come from the east, Imr. Brain ii 288 . cech slamsrúam thened doniged ina bél asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1947 . do choistecht fri timna | tictis isna sabbóteib, SR 4596 . doticdis na bāi . . . for ingeilt . . . a crich Dal R., Corm. Y 585 . dia tí iall i mag, TBC-I¹ 1168 . ticfa tálcend dar muir, Hy. ii 21 Comm. ( Thes. ii 314 ). muna dtíosadh aingeal Dé do nimh, Ériu i 91 . intan tíos aríss when I come back, Lism. L. 2297 . mina ticte-sa beo tar h'ais if you should not come back alive, ZCP vi 82 . ticfat a cind da colaind they shall lose their heads, CRR 22 . co tanic a inchind fora chluasa, TBC-I¹ 810 . fada ód' thír tangais alle, BS 58 . robá i ngalar ┐ tancabair dom torroma, RC iv 246 . roiarfuig doib canas tancatar, Hy. iv Pref . romarbhsat an manach ┐ tangattar iter a cend ┐ a cholann (i.e. beheaded him?), BNnÉ 41 . táncatár a traigthe co mbatar da éis turned backwards, TBC-I¹ 1932 . With co: acht co tís chucund provided thou come to us, RC iii 181 . ir-richt eoin ticed Uictor aingel co Patraic, Hy. ii 8 Comm. tainic Fergus co a pupall, TBC-I¹ 2313 . cach anmanna . . . doticed dochum nAdaim, SR 1116 . tanic nell chuice she swooned, MacCarthy 66 = dosfánic nél, SR 1637 .

Of seeds, sprouts, comes forth: tig síol is táire is ní thig | gráinne ríogh isan roilig 'a humbler seed sprouts in the graveyard but the seed of kings sprouts not', Giolla Brighde 28 § 23 .

Mid.Ir. do-icc (remi) advances, proceeds: tanic F. remi da pupull, TBC-I¹ 2419 . tainic roimhe fón toichim sin, BS 10 . táncatar rompu assan bhaile, Acall. 47 . tangadar rempo co hāth in c[h]omlaind, TBC-I¹ 2325 , 2472 , 2517 ; CRR 10 .

co tí lit. until . . . comes as prep. until: co tí in firbrithem, Wb. 8d25 . co tí lae messa, Ml. 26a5 . co tí Pátraic, Trip.² 2086 . ni fuil noeb conní a airde | co tí in Coimdiu, ACL iii 303 . óndiu co tí bráth until Doomsday, TBC-I¹ 2254 , cf. 2653 . co ti in brath(a), MR 174 . ticfa am . . . gid fada gairid go tí, Fianaig. 74.13 . o chruthughadh an domhain go dtigh so till now, Hard. i 206 .

Comes back, returns: sochaide scaras fria choemu . . . ┐ meni thiset uli i n-imslánti, TBC-LL¹ 197 . ond úair do-chúaid for conair cosin n-uair donánic, TTr.² 527 .

In fig. sense, of transition to a state, mental activity, etc.: doficfad Ulaid asa noeindin, TBC-I¹ 1077 . is minca teagaid locht an fiabrais seo cum beathadh nā cum bāis, 23 P 10, 168rb4 . is roluath tig chum tormuigh it increases, 3 C 19, 33ra10 . gurob mar sin tiocfus . . . a n-aithne na gcúisi shall come to know the causes, 62rb3 . tanic for menmain dó a breth, PH 832 . tainic ar menmain do Stait . . . bunadh, etc. occurred to Statius, TTebe 8 . gurab ón Diabhal tháinig dó an tAifrionn do chur ar gcúl (the idea) came to him of abolishing, Eochairsg. 22 .

Of time, comes, arrives: o thig aghaidh when night comes, BS 30 . o thig laa, 32 . tan dusficc tiughlaithe neich, AFM vi 2184 ond úair thanic a amser when his time (to die) had come, SR 4972 . is demin tánic mo lá my day (of death) has come, SG 91 . tainic dia fo chend a saogal, óir . . . do benadh a gcinn uile díbh their last day came, ALC ii 386 .

By extension, comes to an end, is spent (most freq. in pret.): a n-écmais do beith agum co tí an bliadhain till the year comes to an end, Imr. Brain i 67 . co táinicc trath don ló ┐ don laithe (leg. dond aidchi?) foesin (i.e. till twenty-four hours had elapsed), Moling 8 . tháinicc mórán don lá the day is far spent, Mark vi 35 . Cf. do-icc as (iii).

do-icc dom comes to me, befalls me: co ti taem dot daenacht duit may some stirring of thy humanity visit thee, ACL iii 243 . na ticfad d'ulc ┐ do maith dam all the evil . . . that might fall to me, CRR 11 . dofánic faindi dó, Ériu iv 154 . iarsin tánic galar glan, | feib tic do cach, for Adam, SR 2026 . anfud mór tanic do C. . . . co roattaig Brigit co tísad féth do, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). tangattar doibh na huile so iar mbreithir Ruadháin, BNnÉ 16 . Rarely with LA in this sense: na trí fochaide ata annsom doticfad la Ultu the three worst pests that would befall Ulster, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 . atraig C. ┐ dofancatar a ḟerga lais, TBC-LL¹ 1982 .

Of states, events, etc., in general comes about, takes place, happens: ní thig re ré an raimheic ríogh | gníomh ar nar ainic sé an slógh, DDána 91.11 . gur tria n-a aimsiughadh . . . tainic marbadh dhuic de B., Fl. Earls 136 . bidh fis gach neich nadurtha ag na heolchaibh sul tigid siad ann, Ir. Astr. Tr. vi 6 . táncatar sain uile ó Media all these things came to pass through M., LL 221b21 ( TTr. 325 ). is aes ingine macdacht insin ┐ ni thangadar a fhergnima beos, TBC-I¹ 363 . dona tomhadhmannaib tangatar re a linn i nEirinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 54 . fios na neithedh nách táinig knowledge of the future, Ó Héodhusa 155 .

Comes into being, arises, originates: nia duine tiucfae will arise (of Christ), Corm. Y 959 . tiocfa sāi da c[h]loinn dia ēis | bhenfus do chāch a coibhēis, ZCP viii 109 . ar na huilibh da ttainig ┐ da ttiocfa, Luc. Fid. 49 . a chlērigh is ferr tainec thou best of clerics ever born, ZCP viii 302 . conid tainic Senchas Mar was established, Laws i 40 . ag so mar tháinig Béibhionn the descent of B. was as follows, Keat. iii 4041 .

Comes to pass, is fulfilled: táinig tairngire Chiaráin, Arch. Hib. i 83 . táinic in tarrngairi áigh, | táilginn treabsat Cluain Cesáin, Acall. 499 . táinic in tairngiri doronadh dam, D IV 2, 44ra39 . See also under tairngire.

In certain cases do-icc is loosely employed to denote state, development, etc., almost in sense is, becomes, etc.: tig ag Bodhmainn dha bhiathadh he is with B. for his feeding, is fostered by B., Duan. F. i 33 . cionnas tig Eire gan Aodh? how does Ireland get on? Ériu viii 85 . bith a ḟis ag S. gurub maith tainig cruithneacht na mbráthar has thriven, grown, JRSAI ii 360 (1858-9) . bid dis deireoil thu . . . ┐ na tis tar triar chaidchi thou shalt never come past three (i.e. shalt never have more than three descendants living at a time), Lec. 126a18 . tic sin timchell cheithri mile . . . ponnta amounts to, Fl. Earls 178 . cuic seoit .i. da tecait dā ba which amount to two cows, Laws iv 148 Comm. See IGT Verbs § 7 .

Escapes, recovers (also with prep. AS, see (c) below): tinnes . . . ┐ ticc fa dheoigh, C IV 2, 11b4 . dogheibh cunntabhairt bháis ┐ tiuccfaidh, 23b6 .

ní ticc it is not possible: ó nach tig riar an dá rann | gan bheith diomdhach since I cannot agree to both sides, Content. ix 17 . eimealtus romor . . . innus nach ticeann turoisimh 'n-a laeighi do dhenamh so that the patient cannot remain lying down, 23 P 10, 3a49 .

With adj., etc., as pred. almost equivalent to subst. vb.: dotí mac fir in baile slán, ZCP ix 485 . is midlachda tánac, TBC-LL¹ 1279 . tig ót omna ḟaidchennaigh | an chomhla 'na codchannaib the door is shattered, IGT Decl. ex. 69 .

Various idioms: do-icc cride (for) relents, is moved (towards, by): tic craidhe in chléirig gan cheilg | gur réidig as [a] ardfheirg, SG 27 . tic croidhe ┐ inntinn an righ for ghnúis an mhacaoim, BNnÉ 183 . tainig cridhe Moeog fuirte . . . ní tainic cridhe an righ for Moeog, 187 . tanic a n-aicned co mor forro ┐ ba truag leo a toitim, TTebe 3125 . d.¤ i tir gets on, succeeds: mar thigid i dtír, Ó Bruad. ii 170 ; cf. Gadelica i 64 and see 1 tír.

(b) Commonly used in impers. pass. where agent is indefinite: ní tegar dom airfidedh none cometh to make music to me, BS 84 . mina thistar a nēllaib . . . dot indsaigid, nā (leg. ní?) ticfaider anair nā 'niar dot indsaigid, TBC-I¹ 2510 . co tistar ó Dia do nim | d'ordugud mo chuirp, SR 2055 . gidmait . . . co tístar óm Tigerna . . . do cosecradh mo thóedan, Moling 71 . décce dún ammag na tistar chucund cen aicsin lest anyone come to us unseen, RC ii 185 . cumad o Dia tista do breith na muici, ZCP xii 399 . muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918 . ní tiocfuighthior chuige le holc he shall not be visited with evil, Proverbs xix 23 . ó rofitir M. co ticfaidthea ina degaid that he would be followed, SG 404 . ba maith inti cusa tancus annsin .i. Fiachra, RC xxiv 184 . tancas o Ḟind dom chungidsa, TBC-LL¹ 26 . tangas amach o mac A. da radha a message came out, Cog. 210 . tangus ó shíol M. ar cend R. . . . do thabairt righe dó, AFM iii 86 . tangus orrtha le pícibh they were attacked, Rel. Celt. ii 188 . do thángathas ar gach taoibh people came on every side, ITS i 28 . in túisig risi táncas in techt `the leader with whom the expedition had arrived', LL 221a23 ( TTr. 292 ). ragaid limsa mu drutha . . . ┐ in lín dancus lim uile, Lib. Flav. i 26va38 . dothæt in rigan . . . ┐ ba caem tancas andsin for cach mbuada 'twas a fair coming, Aen. 722 . nir thigthi dho anall he should not have to come, MS. Mat. 542 ( Lec. 167a ).

(c) Idiomatic uses with various prepp.

With AR

(i) speaks of, touches on, mentions (also with TAR, see below): ag so mar thig Policronicon ar an ní gcéadna, Keat. iii 25 . is é so an comhartha ar a dtig Eoin san seachtmhadh caibidil, Eochairsg. 39 . tancamar ar a lān do briathraibh CC. we have related, BCC 362 . ar an ttres n-athcuinghid tigther ann so, Ó Héodhusa 100 .

(ii) agrees on: in ní ar a táinic O Néill ┐ misi re céili, O'Gr. Cat. 57 . táinic ar a chomhadhaib uile dó agreed to all his terms, ML 146 . tángadar leath ar leath ar na cuir ┐ na slánaibh sin dh'á chéile, 8 . gach nidh ar a dtángadar na hAithreacha d'aonintinn, Eochairsg. 21 .

(iii) begins with (in gramm.): an focal tig ar fearn, IGT Introd. § 73 . .h. as lomadh don fhocal tig ar ghuthaidhe, § 18 .

(iv) falls on, devolves on, pertains to: ar teora ferba tic so applies to, Laws i 68 Comm. ni horum-sa ticc guide ar bur son, BCC 282 . ainm . . . nach tiu[c]fad acht ar drochduine would be applicable to, 53 . Cf. also: rochuala-som int éces oc gúmháidim ala n-aile [ṅ-airec] n-inganta amail bid hé bodessin ar dorissed (no ara tísead) (`of whom he spoke' O'Don.; to whom it pertained?), Corm. s.v. leithech (= arahíssed who invented it, YBL).

With ASS

(i) comes out, escapes: (impers.) bróga . . . ní thig asta, is ní chrapaid le láin-teas (i.e. they neither come off, being too loose, nor shrink), O'Rah. xviii 24 . gach ní as a dtigtir `from which an escape is got' (?), Content. xxii 4 . da dtí as . . . muna dtí as recovers , 23 K 42, 347.20 .

(ii) results from: as dá maidhm . . . tig an tír do thiormochadh, Content. vi 69 . da ticfadh as sin co scrisfaide na healadhna, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8 .

(iii) runs out, comes to an end: tánic in bliadain ass fói sin, SG 237 .

With DE

(i) comes, arises from, depends on, is consequent on, due to: ni maith na airm-se . . . ni thic mo dingbail-se di sodhain my equivalent comes not therefrom (i.e. `they are not worthy of me'?), TBC-LL¹ 1094 . isé rí na Temrach túaid, | isé in triath da tic al-les from whom her welfare depends, LL 306b19 . de thainig a thiughlaithi, MacCarthy 420 . tainig tairmesg na duaine desin, Laws v 230 Comm. na minpheacaidh . . .tig díobh na fíréin do bheith i dteine phurgadóra, Eochairsg. 117 . ni thicfa dím-sa . . . a ndul uaitsiu I will not be the cause of their going from you, FDG 612 . go mbudh de sin do thiocfadh na glais do sgaoileadh that would cause the fetters to burst asunder, Eochairsg. 113 . dothicfad dia n-imut nach biath anóir forro such would be their abundance that they would not be valued, Marco P. 105 . gémadh é a oidedh no thiacht de though his death should be the consequence, ZCP xiv 228.6 (leg. nothísad?). dusfainicc dia fertoibh ┐ mhirbuilibh go ttarla toirrches don mbanrigain, Fl. Earls 222 . tainic da righi nertmhar | táth Erenn re haon-shechtmhuin, ZCP xi 42 .

By extension, (ii) do-icc dím it comes from me, i.e. I am able (to): inund són ┐ daic dím which is as much as to say `I am able for it', CRR 44 . ni thic do neoch molad do denum dó, FA 1 (LB). atcualamar . . . co ticc dit remhaisneis cach neith ticfa isin domum, CCath. 4040 . ni thic d'innscne aentengad . . . túr na teist na tuaruscbail Domnaill, MR 182 . ni mō nosticc do Thuirnn a loscad inā loscad in mara T. can no more burn them than he could the sea, Aen. 2032 . rí nime naemhainglech dá tig gach ní who can do all (from whom all proceeds?), ZCP viii 203 . ni thicfa dibhsi anum do thabairt ina dáinib romarbsabar, RC xiv 36 . is iat-sin lānemain dia ticfa mo lesugud-sa, ZCP i 103 . diambad áil dait ticfad dít Ulaid do sídugud, MU² 169 . ni rabi 'sin domun . . . oenḟer da tisad diṅgbail Achil, LL 244a28 ( TTr. 2038 ). achd go dtí dhíom mo thuras . . . do choimhlíonadh, Acts xx 24 . acht co tisa[d] de iomus forasna ┐ dicetal, etc. provided he knew (could practise), Anecd. ii 76 . rogheall a chobhair dia ttíosadh de, AFM vi 2056 . dús an ttiseadh dhe a bfurtacht if he could help them, Hugh Roe 300 . ba derbh leo, dia ttiseadh da nach n-aon oile a bfoirithin . . . combadh dhe a aenar dusfiucfedh if anyone could help them, he and he only could, 278 . gi bec fogla do tigfad de ra Gallaib however little injury he might be able to inflict on the foreigners, Cog. 60 . do Dhia táinic a thoirmesg, BS 6 . is dod gaiscedh-sa tanic in sīdh ūd do dēnum, ZCP vi 49 . go dtiocfadh dhí féin . . . Curaoi do bheith i n-uathadh sluagh she herself would contrive that C. should have few warriors, Keat. ii 3495 .

Note also: tánic de coa mnaí fessin, LU 3267 ( SCC § 6 ). Cf. next par. section (iii).

With DO

(i) falls to, befalls , see above.

(ii) pertains to, applies to, suits: is deas thiocfadh culaidh den bfaision so duit, GJ iv 29 . as follus . . . go tainicc an briathar adubairt Pol . . . do C. C. applied to, BCC 424 . go dtáinic sé dom' aois leigean dom dhíth ceille it became my age to give free course to my folly, ITS xvii 220 . In impers. constr.: ? ma dic dula dam-sa if I can go, Ériu vii 222 . claon cum . . . siubhail for thalamh coimhightheach le dtiocfadh dhó níosa fearr where he will succeed better, Corp. Astron. 132 .

(iii) do-icc dom co . . . (impers., see Celtica ii 216 ) it is time for me to . . ., I arrive at, attain to: acht tised doib co oes ferdatad provided they reached manhood, TBC-I¹ 505 (LU). ó thánic dóibh co dérgud when it was time for them to go to bed, FB § 80 . co tainic co tabairt a n-airm doaib when they had all things ready for plying their arms, Laws i 250 . o thanic dó co dul dochum nime when his time came to go to heaven, Anecd. i 44 . o thánic doib cusin aidche Sathairn when the eve of Saturday arrived, Ériu ii 204 . ó thainigc cusna dédenchu dó-som when his end was at hand, BColm. 106 . o thainicc dhósomh gusna deighencha, Hugh Roe 262 .

With FO

(i) opposes, impugns (Laws): int ap tic fo coraib who impugns the contract, Laws i 52 Comm. ni theacait fo curudh, v 224 Comm. co ma fon uiliataid tista and `to the entire action objection could be made', 184 Comm.

(ii) do-icc fúm it occurs to me, I form the notion, project (of): tainic fai a breith ar eigin co minicc he often thought of carrying her off by force, Lib. Flav. i 33vb (cf. PH 832 ). cidh teichedh do thísadh fútha, CCath. 1745 .

With FRI

(i) comes against, withstands, opposes, injures: ní bía a nert ar nech fo nimh | óir ticc ríu nert Dé dhūiligh, BNnÉ 255 . ní thicfad ri forngaire ind ríg, LL 220a27 ( TTr. 222 ). dia tístais firu in domain frim-sa ní thicfad Congal, MR 12 . ni bāi do dūilib Dē dil | dūil nothissed fri ar menmain | . . . acht int angbaid Lucifur, SR 1510 . tiocfaidther ret' rath ┐ bid é torad do bhronn tiocfus riut, SG 395 . cret ticc ritt? what ails thee? TE 7 (Eg.). rofiarfaigh L. dhi cread tainic fría what had happened to her, Ériu v 80 . an trath teagar reisin ngaili o rotheasaid[e] when the stomach is affected through excessive heat, 23 P 10, 141vb22 . annamh tréan nach dteagthar ris, Dánta Gr. 53.2 . ar oman co tiucfaidhe frib ó Dia uel ó duine for fear you might meet with a reverse, O'Gr. Cat. 132 . tiocfa crochadh an Ríogh riú, A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 9 .

(ii) submits to, agrees to (with), freq. in Laws Comm.: in tan tic-sium re dliged submits to law, Laws iii 116 Comm. . tegaid ar aen re dliged comruic `appeal to the law of combat', v 150 Comm. . co tisat fri dlighedh, i 106 Comm. . cia notisad ria aithrigi, 10 Comm. . in ni nā tainic nō nā tudchad frí breithir nDe did not agree with, 38 Comm.

Later with RE (LE) concurs, agrees with, suits: tigim ris an reachd gur maith é I consent unto the law, Romans vii 16 . fá an ní ré dtig se which he alloweth, xiv 22 . tig Camden féin leis an bhfreagradh so, Keat. i 58 . gur beag d'úghdaraibh thig ré chéile ar chomháireamh na haimsire, 86 . mar nach tigid na príomhúghdair seo le n-a chéile, 88 . ní thangadar a bhfíadhnuisidhe le chéile, Mark xiv 56 . ge tic apium ┐ alues le cele da rēr a serui though parsley and aloes agree in pungency, Ir. Astr. Tr. 72 . ní thig an preabán núa-éuduigh leis an tsein-éudach, Luke v 36 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum | ar mhaoidhis d'oideacht oram that the teaching you boasted of giving me would suit me, Content. ix 5 . tainic celmaine Brenainn leis an faistine, BNnÉ 291 . nach ticfidís naeimh eile Erend re cinel Conaill mar tainic se féin les, BCC 275 . tig siad go maith le bheith 'na mbráithre they make good friars, Corp. Astron. 66 .

With LA; late Mid.Ir. ticc limm I am able (to), succeed (in): da ticed let a chosc dīm, ZCP vi 100 . ní thicfadh linn a rímh, i 424 . ionnus go dtiocfadh linn bunadhas cinidh Scoit do lorgaireacht, Keat. i 224 . go dtáinic le mnaoi a mhealladh, Gadelica 241 . tigthear le sunnradh do bheith san iollradh it is possible for . . . to be . . ., IGT Introd. 7 . Common in Mod.Ir. Cf. further: gach a ffuarus d'olc leo | tiucfaidh liom géin bam beo `will come against me' (= t. frim? or `will remain with me' = I will not forget?), Duan. F. i 21 .

With ó

(i) comes (safe) from, escapes from:thainic aón duine . . . ona chomlann riamh no one ever came safe from combat with him, Ériu v 174 . uatha ní tigthear le tóir, O'Hara 2364 . na daoine do gheabaid bás ┐ na daoine thiocfus on esláinti, 24 P 3, 169.9 .

(ii) comes from, i.e. is stated by: amal tic o Beid i n-a stair as Bede states, YBL 166b1 . is ed tic ó Ísu sund, PH 7953 .

With TAR

(i) transgresses, violates: cipé tí dar recht na ríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 18 . cid bé rí tí tar an saoirese, BColm. 44 . ní meisi ticfa tairis (of a truce), Moling 64 . is túscu rofaemomaisne sin inás do tiocfámais tar in mbreithir doratsum re Poimp, CCath. 1682 . o thanuc-sa dar timna nDé, PH 4019 . táncadar thar decrachaib ┐ tara cointindib na hecailse, RC xvii 154 (Tig.). cach fír dar ná tecar slán that is not transgressed with safety, Metr. Dinds. iii 6 . tuc-somh ratha tar nach ticthe do na tréinferaib inviolable pledges, SG 356 .

(ii) overcomes, subdues: ní ardadh fris trén ar nách tísadh (darna tisad, v.l.) whom he did not overcome, CCath. 359 . ní tarla friu tren tar na tiostais, AFM vi 2280 . Caisel an urláir do dhénamh lá comharba C.C. . . . ┐ dobhert mallacht forsan tí no thiocfadh thairis `would come over it' (attack, destroy?), ii 1146 .

(iii) touches on, mentions, speaks of: tic Oengus issin broluch tar bás Donnchada, Fél. 8 . teagaid seacht n-airtegail díobh tar dhiadhacht airdríogh na ríogh deal with , Ó Héodhusa 8 . ní tháinig áon duine thairis ós áird spake openly of Him, John vii 13 . na luinge Saxanaighe sin tar a ttangamar thuas spoken of above, AFM vi 2096 ; 2046 . Oliuerus da[ra] ticer (tara tegur, v.l.) go minic agaibh-si of whom ye often speak, Fier. 27 . adubhrais . . . ag teacht duit tar Eoghan mhór, Content. iii 22 .

(d) With adverbs. do-icc istech (mod.): muna ttí an tairrngire asteagh don Domhnall so unless the prophecy comes home to (is verified in) this D., 3 C 13, 814.13 . fáisdine athar, más fíor | tiocfa asteagh d'oighre an airdríogh, 18 . tiocfaidh an aimsir isteach go maith the weather will turn out (?) all right, Corp. Astron. 58 . a ré go dtiocfadh is teach `till his own day would come', PBocht 50 § 35 . do-icc istech ar (i n-) comes in on, interferes with, assails: ceathrar do shliocht Éibhir | tig tar ghealladh ortha isteagh, Content. vi 88 . do bhi aon mharcach . . . ag techt astech do shíor ionnta who constantly attacked them, Rel. Celt. ii 198 . do-icc suas (le) comes up (with), overtakes (mod.): tángadar suas le cailín óg, GJ iv 94 .

III In Mid.Ir. occas. for do-beir gives (see Meyer, ZCP xii 426 ; Thurn. Hdb. xiv 421 ; IGT Verbs §§ 5 , 14 ): ticimm bulli de frissin comlaid I deal a blow with it, MacCongl. 87 . tic uball dó, 51 . tig a láim dar[a] agaid, 109 . ticc an clerech aithne fair, Cog. 92 . ? gabais Gabriel . . . co hogh-Muiri | tic sanais da Muiri, gabais 'na craidi, ACL iii 244 . tic D. a beannacht a n-ucht an duine, 321 . ferais fáilti re T. ┐ tic póc dó, Imr. Brain i 64 . gabus Eba int uball bán | tig a cert-leath dá compán, Ériu iv 114 . tiucub duib na tuaruscbail na tarbcodnach `I will give you the description', MR 184 . he dobēra commain dam, is me ficfas commain do I will give him the sacrament, Anecd. ii 30 .

IV In Mid.Ir. occas. = do-ucci understands, etc. (see do-beir): rofitamar-ni ┐ donigemm co ndernsam peccad frit-sa, LB 224a54 . gibe neach da ticfad co foirfi cercalla . . . na firmaminti, da thicfad (do tiugfed, v.l.) nādūir na firmaminti co huili, Ir. Astr. Tr. 76 . dogēn fidair . . . as a ticfither an t-eclipsis co follus, 94 .

doirbes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doirbes or dil.ie/17934

 

Forms: doirbhios

n u and o, m. (1 doirb) IGT Decl. § 38 . anguish, grief ; doirbhios, Eg. Gl. 223 . ní bhíaidh doirbheas ar do chroidhe, Deuteronomy xv 10 . tháinic doirbhios orum, 2 Samuel i 9 . Pain, distress, difficulty: as comartha droicheaslainti ┐ docamhuil no doirbhiusa (= mali morbi angorisque signum est), 23 K 42, 193.21 . as comartha drocheaslainte . . . no doirbhesa é, 24 P 22, 108.18 . Adversity, hardship: re d.¤ ┐ re hanshocair d' imchar ar a corp fen, BCC § 429 . Discontent: nach dleacht do neach doirbheas dá ghabháil, TSh. 8595 . doirbheas . . . fá ní éigin . . . do dhéanamh disinclination , Desid. 6983 . ` peevishness, disagreeableness ', P. O'C.

do-tét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-tét or dil.ie/18490
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: taet, táet, taet, toet, táit, táit, dothéig, dotét, dotet, dutét, dothét, totét, tothét, dothéit, tothéit, totheit, do-théid, dotháet, dothaet, dothaed, totaét, tothaet, totaet, dotoet, dothoet, tothóet, dotaot, dotháod, do-n-aot, toaeth, dothaéti, doteiti, táet, taet, frisa-taet, tait, thaét, thaed, taét, dutiagat, tuthegot, dothiagat, doíagat-side, doíagat, dothaégat, tótháegat, dotiagat, rathaegat, ro-(ra-)thoegat, toegat, tuidchet, dadigthet, dothéged, dotheged, dotéiged, dotheiged, dotheided, dutéigtis, doteigtis, totegtis, dotheigdis, tāigtis, dotias, dotéis, dotes, totais, totaisiu, dothéi, doté, tái, tae, thaisid, dothaiset, taessat, dotaesad, totessed, taised, taesad, dothaistis, tocus-sa, thuidchis, thúdchaiss, tuidchis, do-d-decha, dodecha, dodadecha, dodeocha, tudaich, dodechsat, dodichset, dodigset, dodigsid, tuidchiset, ndigesta, dodichsed, tui[d]chesmais, do-n-dichsitis, doreg, to-rrach, torach, do-nd-riga, dorriga, dorega, terga, tirga, duregam, tergam-ni, d-a-regaid, tergaid, doregat, durigat, thergainn, -terced, doraga, doragha, targa, targai, targa, doragut, toragat, targaitt, targtha, doragad, dorachad, thargad, ttargadh, targtais, tairgtis, dolud-sa, dolod, dolot, doluid, dolluid, tolduid, dulluid, duluith, doluide, doluidi, dolluide, túlaid, tuluid, tulaid, contuilid, contuilid, tolid, tolaid, luid, dulodmar, dolodbair, dullotar, dolotar, doloddur, tollotar, dolotatar, tolotatar, tultatar, taltadar, dalotsam, dolluidset, dodechad, dodecad, dodechod-sa, tuidched, tuithched-sa, dodechad, tudchad-so, tuthcho, dodechuid, dodechaid, dodeachaid, dodeachaig, thuidchid, thuithchid, thudchid, tudc[h]ith, tauthchaid, thadhchaid, do-n-dechommar, dudechummar, dodechamar, dodechobair, tudchaibair, tuchubuir, du-n-dechutar, dodechadar, con-tuthchatar, ttudhchatar, tudhchator, dodeochad, dodeochad-sa, dodeochaid, dodeochabair, dodeochatar, s-, do-dechadus, dodeochadas-sa, dodheochadus, dotiagar, dutiagar, dotíagar, duthiasar, dothiastar, doraghtur, dodechas, cosa-tuidches, taetadh, dotaetadar, dotaetsatt, dotoetsat, thaethsadar, taetsat, theichseadar, dodechad, do-deachad, tisad, thudchadh, tudchad, tudchais, tudhchaidset, targus-[s]a, targa, dargamar, targa, doragad, dodloutar, dolotur-sa, dolluthir, tuidechta, tuidecht, do-tét, doluid, dodechaid, deisiul, túathbiul, taet, dotiagar

v (* to-tiag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 645 . See also Ériu xii 227 ff .). Ipv. 2 s. taet, SR 5991 . 3 s. táet, TBC-I¹ 1339 LU; FB § 31 . taet, Thes. ii 359.4 . toet, BNnÉ 94 § 207 . táit, TBC-LL¹ 95 . 2 pl. táit, Ml. 34a1 ; Wb. 25c14 ; FB § 5 ; Imr. Brain ii 285.11 (toet, v.l.).

Indic. pres. 2 s. dothéig, TBC-I¹ 39 LU; Ériu i 116 § 4 . 3 s. dotét, Sg. 108a3 . dotet, 158a3 ; Ml. 22d9 , 53a8 ; TBC-I¹ 1040 YBL. dutét, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.13 ); Ml. 22b1 . dothét (rel.), 46a7 . totét, Thes. ii 251.7 , 9 ; Fianaig. 38.4 . tothét, TBC-I¹ 1021 LU. dothéit, 311 LU. tothéit, BDD § 71 . totheit, TBC-I¹ 719 LU. do-théid, 576 . dotháet, BDD § 73 , 126 (common form in TBC2 LU). dothaet, SR 5963 . dothaed, TBC-I¹ 2359 . totaét, 1006 , 1245 (both LU); TE § 13 LU. tothaet, TBC-I¹ 1040 , 1248 , 1285 (all LU); BDD § 62 . totaet, Anecd. iv xi 16 . dotoet, Gild. Lor. 2 . dothoet, TBC-I¹ 289 , 531 , etc. (common form in YBL). tothóet, FB § 53 . dotaot, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes, 26.8 , cf. AFM iii 326.9 . dotháod, Mon. Tall. 127.15 (forms with diphth. áe, óe due to influence of prototonic forms; cf. also do-n-aot, Hugh Roe 300.11 . toaeth, Lib. Flav. i 26vb15 ). Rel. (in imitation of téite) dothaéti, TBC-I¹ 1577 LU = doteiti, YBL. ní táet , Sg. 159a3 . ní taet , 197a4 ; Thes. ii 253.7 . frisa-taet, Sg. 213a10 . ní tait , Ml. 109d5 . ní thaét , TBC-I¹ 208 LU = thaed, YBL. airm i taét , TBC-LL¹ 1583 . 3 pl. dutiagat, Ml. 45d12 , 103b16 , 111c9 . tuthegot (rel.), Cambr. 38b ( Thes. ii 247.17 ). dothiagat, FB § 53 . doíagat-side (dothiagadside, v.l. ), LU 4964 ( TBC-I² 532 , see note). doíagat ... do Cholptu (dothiagad, v.l.), LU 5380 ( TBC-I² 1017 ). dothaégat, FB § 20 ; BDD § 153 ; TBC-I¹ 198 LU. tótháegat, IT i 138.10 LU = dotiagat, Eg. Note also: rathaegat, TBC-LL¹ 5097 . ro-(ra-)thoegat, 4926 , 5120 . toegat, RC xii 424 § 7 .

Perfective pres. 3 s. ní tuidchet (sic leg.), AU 783 . o dadigthet , ZCP iii 454 n. 27 (v.l.).

Impf. 3 s. dothéged (rel.), TE 9 LU; Imr. Brain § 61 . dotheged, TBC-I¹ 165 LU. dotéiged, TE 11 LU. dotheiged, TBC-I¹ 2937 . dotheided, Ériu iii 142.229 . 3 pl. dutéigtis, Ml. 108b1 . doteigtis, Corm. Y 1233 = totegtis (?), LL 179b8 . dotheigdis, TBC-I¹ 3428 . co tāigtis , Ériu ii 100 § 4 .

Subj.

(a) Pres. 1 s. dotias, Wb. 1a7 . 2 s. dotéis, TBC-I¹ 1301 LU. dotes, Ériu viii 122.14 . totais, ZCP xiii 256.11 . totaisiu, TE 11 LU. 3 s. dothéi, Wb. 13a12 . doté, Ériu vii 241.8 . nád tái , Sg. 26b7 . ni tae , YBL 92b1 . 2 pl. ceni thaisid , Ml. 33b15 . 3 pl. dothaiset, FB § 87 . co taessat , LU 6785 ; BDD § 31 . Impf. 3 s. dotaesad, TBC-I¹ 2877 . totessed, LU 7133 ( BDD § 81 ). co taised , Ml. 121b1 ; TBC-I¹ 2909 . taesad, BB 378b17 . 3 pl. dothaistis, LU 6962 ( BDD § 60 ).

(b) Pres. 1 s. ? ni tocus-sa . RC xii 78.10 . 2 s. ní thuidchis , BDD § 16 = thúdchaiss, Eg. dia tuidchis , YBL 130a44 ( Anecd. i 8 ). 3 s. do-d-decha (dodecha, dodadecha, MSS.), Hy. v 81 ( Thes. ii 346 ). dodeocha, Ériu viii 122.17 . ar na tudaich , LU 9536 . 3 pl. dodechsat, O'Dav. 627 . dodichset, ZCP xiii 23.24 . dodigset, Fél. Ep. 24 . dodigsid, Laws iv 126.z Comm. dia tuidchiset , BDD § 131 (tuidchet, LU). Impf. 2 s. co ndigesta , Trip.² 276 . 3 s. dodichsed, Sg. 18a4 . -tudchissed, , Anecd. iii 58.2 . 1 pl. con tui[d]chesmais , Ml. 93b5 . 3 pl. resiu do-n-dichsitis , 104c5 .

Fut. 1 s. doreg, Wb. 7d15 ; SR 1279 . ? to-rrach, TBC-I¹ 1624 (torach, LU). 3 s. do-nd-riga, Wb. 25a38 . dorriga, 25b28 . dorega, Ml. 28a10 ; SR 3343 . ní terga , Wb. 17c4 ; TBC-I¹ 1241 . ni tirga , Ml. 121a17 . 1 pl. duregam, 80d10 . ni tergam-ni , 107d11 . 2 pl. d-a-regaid, Ml. 33b15 . ní tergaid , Trip.² 2150 . 3 pl. doregat, Ml. 61a13 , 111c14 . durigat, 106a4 . Condit. 1 s. ní thergainn , Trip.² 1200 . 3 s. ? -terced, Anecd. ii 18.17 . In later lang. with stem dorag-, targ-. 3 s. doraga, TBC-I¹ 2422 , Trip. 60.2 , etc. doragha, ZCP xiii 167.5 . targa, SR 3631 . ni targai (leg. targa?), AU 886 , cf. SR 4498 . 3 pl. doragut, PH 7054 . toragat, Moling § 50 . ? na targaitt , Leb. Gab.(i) 254 . Condit. 2 s. ni targtha , TBC-LL¹ 1803 , cf. 1883 . 3 s. doragad, FB § 8 . dorachad, Marco P. 142 . nī thargad , TBC-I¹ 336 = LU 4827 . co ttargadh , Leb. Gab.(i) 8.25 . 3 pl. na targtais , SR 6775 . ni tairgtis , ZCP viii 110.2 .

Pret. 1 s. dolud-sa, LU 1840 . 2 s. dolod, LU 10244 ( dolluidi-siu, 10241 ). dolot, TE § 5 Eg. ZCP iii 233 . 3 s. doluid, Tur. 131 , cf. Ml. 55c1 . SR freq. also dolluid. tolduid (= tolluid), Mon. Tall. § 67 . dulluid, Ardm. 18b1 . duluith, Thes. ii 291 . Rel. doluide, ZCP iv 45.23 . doluidi, xiii 6.18 . dolluide, Imr. Brain § 64 . co túlaid , Trip.² 706 . a tuluid , 895 . co tulaid , TBC-I¹ 3665 . ? contuilid, 2772 . ni contuilid , Mon. Tall. § 61 . nico tolid , § 60 . co tolaid , Anecd. i 10 . Cf. ua luid , BB 208a50 ( Todd Nenn. 182 ). 1 pl. dulodmar (dolotamar, v.l.), Imr. Brain i 48.6 . 2 pl. dolodbair, LU 1599 . 3 pl. dullotar, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.17 , 24 ). dolotar (doll-), TBC-I¹ , CRR . doloddur, Mon. Tall. § 7 . tollotar, Ériu iii 136.32 . dolotatar, TBC-I¹ 2736 . tolotatar, RC xiii 223.50 . con tultatar , Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 240 ); Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ); Mon. Tall. § 60 . ni taltadar , Lec. 285a12 . Also occas. with s-forms: 1 pl. dalotsam, RC xiv 62 § 77 . 3 pl. dolluidset, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.9

Perf. 1 s. dodechad, TBC-I¹ 1611 , 1593 . dodecad, SR 1817 . dodechod-sa, Trip. 106.9 ; TBC-I¹ 2118 YBL. dia tuidched , Wb. 10a28 . i tuithched-sa , SG 317.16 . 2 s. dodechad, SR 3094 . dia tudchad-so , TBC-I¹ 458 YBL. canas tuthcho , RC x 224 § 15 . 3 s. dodechuid, Ml. 16c5 , 44b6 , 126b10 ; Sg. 199b1 . dodechaid, Imr. Brain ii 292.1 ; SR 1302 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 1241 YBL. dodeachaid, 3373 . dodeachaig, YBL 174a28 . ní thuidchid , LL 275b9 . ní thuithchid , 19a15 . ní thudchid , RC viii 150 § 2 (LL). conna tudc[h]ith , TBC-I¹ 1445 LU. ní tauthchaid , 1605 ; BDD § 66 (th.). ua thadhchaid , BB 39a31 , cf. Metr. Dinds. ii 34.94 . 1 pl. do-n-dechommar, Wb. 24c17 . dudechummar, Ml. 111b4 . dodechamar, SR 7965 . 2 pl. dodechobair, Trip.² 1114 . dia tudchaibair , FB § 66 . dia tuchubuir , IT iii 239.123 . 3 pl. du-n-dechutar, Ml. 111c14 . dodechadar, TBC-I¹ 3196 , 3362 . con-tuthchatar, LL 1790 . co ttudhchatar , AFM ii 692.4 . tudhchator (rel.), Leb. Gab.(i) 218 . Common with ¤eo- in first syll.: 1 s. dodeochad, SR 3097 . dodeochad-sa, Ériu ii 104 § 14 . 3 s. dodeochaid, SR 4170 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 3476 ; BDD §§ 156 , 157 , 166 . 2 pl. dodeochabair, Rawl. 142b8 . 3 pl. dodeochatar, SR 5450 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 153 LU; BDD § 83 . With s- ending: do-dechadus, Ériu i 134.7 . dodeochadas-sa, SG 256.25 . dodheochadus, BNnÉ 302 § 10 .

Pass. pres. s. dotiagar, Wb. 6a29 ; Thes. ii 292.19 . dutiagar, Ml. 101c6 , 7 , 116b5 . dotíagar, Trip.² 2313 . Subj. s. duthiasar. TBC-I¹ 1136 . dothiastar, Ériu vii 6.35 . Fut. doraghtur, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.27 . Perf. dodechas, Imr. Brain i 41.3 . cosa-tuidches, Sg. 199b1 .

In later lang. a number of new (artificial?) forms based on the various old stems appear.

(a) Ipv. 3 s. taetadh, Ériu i 114 § 1 . Pret. 3 pl. dotaetadar, Lib. Flav. i 26va49 . ? ma as dotaetsatt , Laws v 138.15 . dotoetsat na lega co Tadg, SG 326.3 . cor thaethsadar (taetsat, theichseadar, v.l.) rompo ina tor, Todd Nenn. 46 .

(b) Subj. impf. 3 s. amail dodechad , Fianaig. 66.13 . mar do do-deachad (sic), Lib. Flav. i 34ra2 = amal tisad , PH 844 . do thudchadh , Leb. Gab.(i) 72.17 . co tudchad , SG 233.35 . Pret. 2 s. ima tudchais , SG 256.19 . 3 pl. tudhchaidset, Leb. Gab.(i) 26.12 .

(c) Subj. pres. 1 s. co targus-[s]a , PH 624 . 3 s. no go targa , Lib. Flav. i 37ra44 . Pret. tara dargamar romhuinn, 35vb25 . Cf. also: ca tír as a targa hast thou (has it?) come, MR 72.10 . doragad used to come (go), Corm. Y 323 .

(d) Subj. pres. 1 s. cissi conair dodloutar (dolotur-sa, v.l.), Toch. Em. § 67 ( ZCP iii 250 ). Cf. also dolluthir (perh. pass.), LL 285a23 .

Vbl. of necess. tuidechta. Vn. tuidecht. IGT Verbs § 8 .

(a) comes , of motion towards the speaker, or person or place thought of. In Lat. Lives nearly always corresponds to venire; cf. Auraic. 141 : venite .i. tait (taoit, 2429 YBL). In later Mid.Ir. superseded by do-icc, which replaces it in later versions of early texts (e.g. TBC-LL¹ 95 , 1583 , 2706 St.), and somet. glosses it: dodeachaid .i. tainic, ACL iii 14 , 18 (gl. on Trip. 44 , 58 ). tudhchaid .i. tainicc; tudhchadar .i. tangadar, O'Cl. In earlier lang. used freq. in opposiion to 1 téit, and oft. in sense comes back, returns: intan tét a laithe . . . dotét iarum imthanu aidche, Ml. 21c3 . téit in banchorr isin fairrgi . . . co tóet cona heisínib essi, Triads 237 . can dodechad? cid notheig?, SR 3094 . can dodechamar ille . . .? cia dú cosatiagam de?, 7965 . i ndecimbir . . . luid Noe for tonnaib dilenn, i quint kalainn Mai . . . doluid for sleib Armenia, 2616 . forrogellsat . . . noragtis i tír nEgept, co brath na targtais dia tig, 6775 . is cet cia thái, cet cia théis, ZCP iii 37.18 . regat a leth día tuitched (tuithced, MS.), Ériu i 116 . cech leth naragdais, ni tairgtais demna, ZCP viii 110 . co lotar for beolu Mileadaig ┐ ní tudcadur iarsuidiu, Lec. 206a38 . tait as, taeit ind (said by doorkeeper to those who enter and leave), Corm. Y 860 . taet neach uaib ar mo chend-sa, TBC-I¹ 2140 . dutéigtis cucum intan nombíinn hi sóinmigi, Ml. 108b1 . in spirut nóeb chucunn . . . taet . . . co hopunn, Thes. ii 359 . nach fer doteiti chucaib, TBC-I¹ 1577 . táit limsa dom dísiurt, Imr. Brain ii 285 . cid formna fer nErend dothaistís latt, rosbíad failte, BDD § 60 . dolotar ar ceand loingse mac Milead . . . ni taltadar mnā leo, Lec. 285a12 ( Todd Nenn. lxxi ). forofāccaib Dia lind co ndig(s)esta-su do praicept do Gōidiulaib, Anecd. iii 31 = co tista-su, Trip. 444 . in tan doraga [Críst] do mess for beou ┐ marbu, PH 5011 . isbert, bá do chuingi Étáine doluidh, ZCP v 524 . roboi i[c] coitsecht frisin forcetul co tolaidh a máthair for a iarair, Lat. Lives 37 = Trip. 66 ( co toluid. túlaid, Trip.² 706 ). a tuluid Patraic for muir . . . do ascnam Erend, dotaet escop M. ina diaid, Trip.² 896 . tairpthech do ndechuid hastily had he come, 1515 . is bladach dodechadar, TBC-I¹ 3362 . is tailc donddechadar isin telaich, 3196 . is mor . . . a luas dothet, RC iii 183 . ní tergam-ni isin bethaid frecndairc iterum we shall not come back, Ml. 107d11 . resiu dondichsitis as in dōiri, 104c5 . doluid in biail arithissi ar chenn in[na] samthige, Tur. 131 . Cf. adbert A. frisna techtaire tudecht dia tich to return home, Mon. Tall. 162. In: ni terga for culu, Wb. 17c14 ; and: ná tait for culu, 25c14 , the idea of returning may account for use of do-tét. Of things: dothaegat lasrai teined asa mbēlaibh, Ériu ii 130 . co táet fuil flann fonn fo étnu, ACL iii 297 § 52 . ní thoet guth in son let not voice enter thy speech (of silent prayer), RC xv 491 , cf. Thes. ii 253.7 ( Stowe M. 65a ). creit do Dia . . . ar na tudaich tond talman torut, LU 9536 . ni thaudchaid nél dar gréin, BDD § 66 . doragha duit ceó dar a rosgcaib, BColm. 92 . Of time: ō doraga aimser lobtha, Laws i 108 Comm. immon samfuin dothaet next Hallowe'en, RC x 220 § 8 . oidqi hSamnoi dotaet, 224 . in ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad the season following, ZCP viii 175 .

(b) Fig. of mental and abstract relations: ní tait Dia fo tairṅgere cometh not under a promise (i.e. goes back on?), Ml. 109d5 . dotiagat for cairddi `they come under the interterritorial regulations', Laws iv 322 . cēn roba beō, ni tauthchaid a brū for cōir his stomach never came right, TBC-I¹ 1605 . ní berat fír brithemnachta etir in n-áis dutiagat inna reir who submit themselves to them, Ml. 103b16 . ní ba cor cia dodichset nadhmann ┐ ratha inn should enter into it, ZCP viii 23 . dollotar i n-armgrith fell into a panic, TBC-I¹ 1784 . comhainm in laithe dodeachaidh a seilbh na hespogōide came into possession of, Fl. Earls 100 . fobíth aurthig na nóeb dodeochaid etorro the covenant . . . which had passed between them, ZCP viii 316 . ní thargom tar a n-ordugud, Ériu iv 152 . With adj. as complement: saor ó a dteangthaibh ní tharghais you will not come off unscathed, Content. vii 9 .

(c) comes, ensues, takes place; appears, arises (of persons, consequences, events): sona dotaet a loan happiness comes out of fat, Ériu vii 240 . dothet imbas iar mbuais inspiration comes after (follows) knowledge of the art, Corm. Y 148 . a ndomnach doraga in brāth, Ériu iii 144 . ní ḟeadadar-sain cuin doraghadh an diliu, BB 22a32 . is é ní dia targha in sīth suthain, Aen. 2756 . tudcatar airdheana aighthidhe adhuathmhara, AFM i 370 . ? Felix ba mad tuluid, Fél. July 12 . ni targa a tir Maine ōglach bud fearr, ZCP viii 229 . is é doragha re ré | macámh Mhuighi Muirtheimhne who will come in his (due) time, xiii 167 . ní tháinic i nÉrinn . . . ┐ ni tharga . . . díoghail amhlaidh, AFM ii 734 . gabsat sé ríg . . . for hErind ó Ollom ain . . . ní thuithchid nech eturru six kings reigned in unbroken succession, LL 2361 . rige duit . . . ┐ dot sil it degaid | cen tudecht etrut without any other line breaking thy succession (`without quarrelling'), RC xx 142 .

(d) Various uses with prepp. With AR is (goes) surety for: dodeochaid aurthach Bréndain ar Chiarraigiu, ZCP viii 315 . doté(i)t aitire ar fer feras in fuil an `a.'goes surety for, Críth G. 52 . hits upon, contrives: dús cinnas doragad ar imchossáit Ulad, FB § 8 . cinnas doragad ar imchossait na mban, § 16 . amal doragad airi, § 17 . With AS comes off, escapes: conná tudchith nech dib i mbethaid ass, TBC-I¹ 1445 . With DE comes from, arises or develops out of: dotoet torcc mór do orccan, Trip. 468 . ní thaét mo dingbailse dib-so they are not (will not prove) my match, TBC-LL¹ 1123 . anda lim . . . dorraga ní don macsin something will come of that lad, Mon. Tall. § 61 . dothoet oinmit de-seom he is proving himself a fool, Ériu v 28.y . delb in Chruimm d'ór dodechaid was made of gold, Imr. Brain ii 303 . With DO comes to, accrues to: amal dundechutar doinmecha dúnni . . . doregat dano soinmecha dun, Ml. 111c14 . indmas domuin dotrega thou shalt have, SR 3343 . ní taurga ndam báa nde, Anecd. i 42 . dodheachaidh maith dhamhsa dhe, BS 6 . With FOR touches on, mentions: is form féin doreg, Wb. 7d15 . ní for torbe n-imdibi doteit, 2a3 . for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotét híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa fair, 26b7 . dothiasar fair ma atchoise neach duib it will be a subject of conversation if anyone tells (leg. atchói or atchoised?) it to you (?), TBC-I¹ 1136 . comes or falls on, happens to (in good or bad sense): tolduid taurtaim fair a trance fell upon him, Mon. Tall. § 67 . dorega pain forru . . . .i. doberthar pian forru, Ml. 28a10 . co tudchid rath De fair, Ériu v 34 . doraga ferg Dé fort mullach, Trip. 60 = it m., Trip.² 617 . fonascair fair can tudecht forsin slog not to attack, TBC-I¹ 1477 . Cf. ni mait[h]em n-anacail ┐ ni trocaire rodechad (rodécad, v.l.) forra no mercy was shown to them, CCath. 5767 . do-thæt ind enlaith deiginach fair 'the last flock takes it up', TBith.² 193 § 73 . With FRI goes with, applies to, is incident to: fri `finxit' fochetoir dotet á `singulatim' the `singulatim' is construed with `finxit', Ml. 53a8 . ni taét comsuidigud fri rangabáil composition does not occur with a participle, Sg. 159a3 , cf. 158a3 , 4 , 197a4 , 213a10 . cisse comairce dotaot frim? what is my safeguard? Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 . ata naidm dogní gnim raithe; naidm son dothe fri giallu, ZCP xiii 24 . Cf. don fechemuin fris-taig the party against whom thou art guarantor (?), Bürgschaft 28 § 76 (cf. fris-tēt, 24 § 67 ; leg. ¤taít with v.l.?). Opposes: ri side as amram tic Erind co tudchaid fri Ruadhan, YBL 136a18 . ní tuidecht frit' forngaire, SR 3798 . ? Cf. Laws iv 32 Comm. : can ēlod do lēcod im a cáindliged .i. apaid nā troisci ce dodechaid fris `though he was fairly met (by an offer of arbitration)'. turns to, takes up, practises (with RE): dalluid Find ra héicsi n-aird, Fianaig. 46 . ar dūthchus a māthar dodhechaidh sidhe re héiccsi (of the poet Fland mac Lonáin), ZCP viii 110 .

(e) Oft. used of indef. motion and in Mid. Ir. freq. in meaning goes (motion from place or pers. thought of); this is esp. common in later texts with the pret. forms doluid and dodechaid, do- being looked on as sign of past tense: tait-si round ┐ ragsa far ndiaid go on and I will follow, TBC-I¹ 992 . táet nech uan d' ḟarcsi maige M., 5144 . cia doragad risin tectairect sin? who would go on that message? CRR 8 . ind deichmaid uathaid escai . . . doluid Nae andsan airc . . . et i sechtmaid fichit sa mis cetna . . . dodeachaid aiste, Lec. 542b25 . conā feis cia dū dodechaid whither she had gone, Mór M. 262 . dodheachaidh G. do sheilg . . . ┐ ba sí conair dochuaidh, BS 44 . Often with REME, etc. goes on, advances: dothaod roimhi ina rēim roretha, BS 4 . doluidh roime ar amus a thíre, 122 .

(f) Rarely trans.: occas. with cogn. or instrum. accus.: a ndorigne do ḟertaib ni fail dune doddecha (dodecha, dodadecha, MSS.) there is none who can tell (lit. come to, attain it), Hy. v 81 (with gloss .i. doene a tiachtain; see note Thes. 80 ). Cf. also: ceni thaisid ar ois, daregaid ar ecin, Ml. 33b15 (with infd. neut. pron.). is tailc donddechadar isin telaich, TBC-I¹ 3196 . issnib colnidib tuthegot duguthrigi (leg. dagathrigi) who come to good repentance, Cambr. 38b . tothaet meis fóaimsera `judgment goes with good times', BDD § 28 (but cf. O'Cl. : dothaod meas fó aimsera .i. téid an breitheamhnas ris an aimsear). ni thargai (leg. targa?) Temru turu . . . fer fo Mael to Tara's towers there will not come, AU 836 = ní targa i tTeamhraigh tura, AFM i 536 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `a day for every parcel of land to which it comes' (of water), Ériu xvii 70 § 10 ( Laws iv 214 ). dodeochad-sa (dodechas, dodeochusae, MSS.) aiccept I have come to a lesson, Ériu v 32 . din tuidecht dundechuid Crist hi tech inna sacard the coming wherewith C. came, Ml. 44b1 . cach conair dolluid in ben, Metr. Dinds. iii 30 . ní tharga in chonair chōir, RC xi 42 . dodeochaid huide fata, SR 5697 . dodeochatár a cétna n-ude (sic leg.) a Cruachnaib, TBC-I¹ 153 . dodechotar sel mór, ZCP ix 191 . targa fortacht De for tóir will come to your succour, SR 3631 . In the follg. the orig. form of the noun may be d s. deisiul, túathbiul: ní thuidchis deaseal Temrach, BDD § 16 . dothē desell in brogo, ZCP iii 214 . totaed deissiul Sencan, Anecd. iv p. xi . mad tuaithbel dodeocha, Ériu viii 122 .

(g) In impers. constructions. Act. with DO of pers.: taet as itir lāe ┐ aidche dūn chena, ol A., co rīsem Cuailgne let us set out (ipv. 3 s.?), TBC-I¹ 829 . condocorostor asin (leg. isin) loch . . . co tulaid dō ass co luan came out of it, 3664 . Note also: dot-luid i mbernai armo chenn-sa, ScM. 13 (see note). See Celtica ii 216 and cf. tánic de . . . coa maí fessin, LU 3267 ( SCC § 6 ). Pass. denúas dotiagar hisa tech . . . sis . . . dotiagar ass the house is entered from above, Thes. ii 292 . iar ngrad cháich dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg they come to welcome, Ml. 116b5 . dotíagar uad do chuinchid ind ḟíacla he sends messengers to seek, Trip.² 2313 . dotiagar ōn rīg dia n-agallaim, RC xxiv 144 . dodechas ó Áedán co Fiachnae ara tísed dia chobair, Imr. Brain i 41 . dodechas ō Maine cuice do cuingidh na muice, Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ). In O.Ir. glosses with FO is construed as: cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar it is construed both actively and passively, Wb. 6a29 . is fo forṅgartaid . . . dutiagar á manifestare the (word) m. is construed as an imperative, Ml. 101c6 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar they are construed ablatively, 106c3 .

1 é, hé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 é, hé or dil.ie/19325
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ishé, is hé, hǽ, isé, hǽ, hé, asné, ishe, issé, isé, é, hé, é, hésom, hesom, hǽsium, ésium, esium, eisiu, esiomh, eisim, esim, éseom, eseom, eiseom, esen, ésen, eisen, eisea, eision, essium, eissiu, eissiumh, esseo, essem, essim, eissi, eissin, hisseom, heside, he side, éside, eside, éisidhe, eisidhe, eiside, esede, eisidh, esiden, esidein, eisidhein, esein, éisei, eiséin, eisidei, eiseic, ese, esside, hessidhi, eissid, eissidi, eissideic, eisseic, eissein, es(s)ide, bé, cebe, gibe, cidbe, eside, esium, (h) é, éseom, esium, eissium, é, é

pron. 3 s. m. ; fem. , q.v. (later also í) ; neut. 1 ed, q.v. For pl. see 2 é.

In Glosses with copula : ishé, Wb. 4c3 . 25b2 . Sg. 3b20 . is hé, Ml. 36a32 . is hǽ , 102b5 . isé, BCr. 18b12 . mad hǽ , Wb. 27b6 . ba hé , Ml. 24a4 . Wb. 19c4 . asné, 4d16 . Ml. 31b24 . Mark of length sometimes omitted, as : ishe Wb. 25a24 . Ml. 45b11 .

In early Mid. Ir. with copula 3 s. pr. issé, isé ; independently é, hé ; in later MSS regularly é. Before -som, etc. hésom, Wb. 7c8 . 24d5 . hesom, Ml. 53a5 . 90b13 . hǽsium, Ml. 30c5 . ésium, TBC-LL¹ 1744 . 6050 . esium, 1107 . 1189 . LL 223b14 . eisiu, Acall. 1979 . esiomh, TBC-LL¹ 3883 St. eisim, TBC-I¹ 2444 . BColm. 60.6 . esim, 104 . 12 . éseom, TBC-LL¹ 5971. eseom, LU 12a36 . 126a29 . TBC-I¹ 559 . 580 . eiseom, 1222 . 1543 . TTr.² 1451 . esen Corm. Y 276 . CCath. 2615 . ésen, TBC-LL¹ 2893. eisen O'Gr. Cat. 488 ( : seisen). eisea, Dán Dé xxv 53 ( : móirsheisear). TSh. 5134 . eision, TBC-LL¹ 3883 v.l. TD 34. l. 189 . In early Mid. Ir. freq. with -ss- : essium, PH 281. MacCongl. 55.11 . eissiu, Acall. 6017.6708 . 7890 . eissiumh Metr. Dinds. iv 282y . esseo, Trip. 394.4 . IT i 131.12 . essem, Ériu i 126.12 . ZCP ix 156 ( = TBC-I¹ 1543 ). essim ZCP iii 258 ( = LU 126a29 ). eissi, Acall. 2080.3353 . eissin, 7642 . Cf. hisseom, PH 1513 . Before -side, -séin, etc. : heside, Wb. 3c15 . Ml. 100c10 . 102a20 . he side Ml. 100b23 . éside, LL 219a34 . eside, TBC-LL¹ 2230 . PH 929 , etc. éisidhe, Lism. L. 3429 . eisidhe, 424 . eiside Laws iv 138z Comm. . TTr.² 373 . esede, TBC-LL¹ 4502. eisidh, Laws i 8.6 . esiden, YBL 62a27 . esidein, BColm. 52.18 . eisidhein, ZCP viii 551 y ( = TBC-LL¹ 1874 ). esein, PH 1963 . éisei, Acall. 1463 . eiséin, Studies 1924, 242 § 7 . eisidei, Laws i 4.25 . eiseic, iv 46.14 Comm. v 448.30 Comm. Acall. 5944 . ese, Laws iv 16.17 Comm. With -ss- : esside, LU 22a38 . ZCP viii 302.23 . Auraic. 207 . MacCongl. 3.11 . hessidhi, Lism. L. 3888 . eissid, Corm. Y 276 . eissidi, Do Chupur 56 ( IT iii 237 ). eissideic, Acall. 4833 . eisseic, 6034 . eissein, 5819 . 7982 .

In early Mid. Ir. we sometimes find es(s)ide standing for a fem. subst. : oc siair tharisi do .i. fedb craibdech eside PH 943 ; cf. Laws iv 176.24 ( 178.4 ) ; 226.7 .

The O.Ir. quantity of 1 é before the suffix is attested by the rime glēsom : hēsom, IT iii 44 § 60 . Thurneysen remarks ( Thurn. Hdb. § 447 ) that the length of the vowel in ésom may be due to the influence of 2 é which, to judge from Welsh wy, is long by nature. In late Mid.-Ir. however the vowel is regularly short before the strengthening or anaphoric suffixes. The shortening may be explained by the analogy of 3 mes(s)e, tussu s.v. .

A detailed examination of the use of the independent pron. in Old and Mid. Ir. belongs to syntax and would be out of place here ; we give however some illustrations of the typical uses for these periods. Some special uses are noticed in IX.

I Placed immediately after the copula, in the following types of sentences :

(a) bad he for n-ere (gl. portate dominum) Wb. 9d12 . is heside athir inna mmachabdae (gl. Mathathiae) Ml. 74b6 . ishé a ammus lemm that is my guess at it (gl. cum iam fere centum annorum esset) Wb. 2c27 . ba ed á n-oínbiad (gl. mannae) Ml. 97d8 . Símon Bar-ióne...is e eochair na flatha némdai, PH 1639 . tucus aichne fairsim corb'é Ísu I knew that He was Jesus 3736 . ní hé Cormac beus, TBC-I¹ 13 . In Mid. Ir. the pron. is often repeated after the subj. in sentences of this type : (a1) is é gaiscedach as dech fil díb hé, LU 101a39 = FB 14 (hé om. ZCP iv 153 ). issé mo lennán é, TBC-LL¹ 4560 . corb' e metrapolitan na primchathrach he, PH 189 . as é céd-duine tárla dó hé, Acall. 624 . fa hé céidrí Éireann do ṡíol Éibhir é, Keat. ii 1875 . When the second pron. stands for a subst. of different gender from that of the pred. we get the type : is tocrádh mór marbhnadh Dé | ní hé an brón gan adhbhur í, Dán Dé xxvi 1 . dob é ceirtleath m'anma í, Studies 1924, 428 § 9 .

(b) is hésom doradchiúir (gl. Christo Jesu) Wb. 2b9 . is heside dorárricc báas dúnni, 3c15 . is heside robu rí, Ml. 100c10 . Mac Roth...is e timchellas hErind ind oenló TBC-I¹ 1110 .

(c) is he Dia insin (Quis est iste Deus...? Deus sc. ille qui...) Ml. 83c5 . rii benn ced ara neper? Is he rí tuathi insin lasmbiat .vii. ngraid ḟene, Laws iv 328.24 . is hé rí insin loingside siabrai, LU 99a27 .

(d) ba he a ngnimsom molad Dǽ (quorum...officium) Ml. 24a4 . is sí ind inducbal lesom in molad, 126b17 . corrophed mo indeb Crist (gl. ut Christum lucrifaciam) Wb. 24a6 . is e in cetna herdach celebrad ┐ procept brethri Dé, PH 3600 . dob í m'ḟáilte mo riar, Keat. iii 1450 . issé biadh do buí ag M. uidhe cerc ┐ aran, BCC § 122 . Keat. ii 2687 .

(e) is hé rufiastar cumachtae inna diglae...in tí, etc. Ml. 111c13 . is ed as dulem daitsiu m'etarcnae, 103a9 . is é as fhoghar dá gach eon | moladh Dé, Dán Dé xiv 23 . Cf. is e thainic a n-agaid Patraic .i. Sínell, Lism. L. 248 .

(f) asné Crist in lie asrubart, Wb. 4d16 . issi so a chiall, Ml. 65a3 . is e cētlá na sechtmaine in domnach PH 3584 . int shollsi-so...is e Crist mac Dé sin, 3792 . badh í an úaisle ar n-eólaichne, Ériu ix 163 § 6 . gurbh í Éire tobar draoidheachta iarthair Eorpa, Keat. ii 963 . The pron. is regularly in concord with the follg. subst., but cf. is í ar gceann báidheine an bhean, Dán Dé ii 29 .

(g) When the pred. precedes the cop., the word following the pron. usually decides the gender of the latter : in choss is hé oís achtáil, Wb. 12a23 . Crist didiu issí in chathir, 21c5 . cf. i dteangthaibh nach í an Scoitic in languages other than Scottic Content. vi 19 . Cf. on the other hand Wb. 3b16 , 18 . PH 1639

(h) is hé Dia as eola indiumsa, Wb. 8d23 . ní hé apstal citarogab in testiminso, Ml. 38c3 . comad he Nathi bud choscrach, RC xxiv 180 . ba saeth le M. nach he Brian ba ri, 176 . ce nib ed á ainmsom bes foir, Ml. 23d17 . (In O.Ir. the pron. is not obligatory in this type ; cf. issí ind ainim as airlam...ní incorpp, Wb. 3d11 . ni far mbrónsi immafolngi fáilti domsa, 16b8 . is a indocbál fessin condieig cách, 23d5 . ni Dia dudgní..., Ml. 44d21 .) is é mo chorp ro ádnaicis[s]i, PH 3732 . is é an beo do bhí 'na chroich | doní idir eo agus éanlaith, Dán Dé vi 40 . gurbh í an Ghaedhealg fá teanga dona draoithibh, Keat. ii 964 .

(i) The copula may be omitted : he fessin as choimsid dáu, Thes. ii 294.3 . hé cotnarlaic...doib anisin, SR 3659 . é leth luidi, Metr. Dinds. ii 2 . é domrad a n-éccomhnart, BS 48.16 .

II

(a) After interrogatives : cia hé (gl. quis) Ml. 46c17 . cia hé nundixnaigthersiu, 75c9 . ce hé roscríb, Sg. 197a19 . cóich esein, PH 1963 . cidh esen itir, TBC-LL¹ 3843 St. cuich hé in t-airfidech ut ?, Acall. 7525 . cret eissein in t-abhacc ?, 7982 .

(b) After sechi, sechip, cip (cib) : sechi he (gl. si quis) Ml. 35b4 . sechi é cretes de illis Wb. 15b1 . sechi sí (gl. quaelibet) Ml. 65d2 . sechi sí dia rignaib, 65d8 . sechip hé nodapridcha whosoever he be that preaches it Wb. 14d28 . sechip hé dán tra doberthar do neuch, 13a3 . ciphé ade Ml. 26a1 . ponat ergo lunam (cipé) ubilibet computare voluerit BCr. 31c2 . ciped ní, PH 1520 . gib é dig...ni ba missi, TBC-LL¹ 1223 . cip é imress méla...fort, 46 . So far as can be judged from published material cip é (gib é) is regularly replaced in late Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. by the anomalous gi bé (gidh bé), in which bé is fully stressed and alliterates with b. This form occurs already in O.Ir. : cia bé a mmet however big it be Ml. 61b28 . cía bé (MSS. cebe, gibe, cidbe, etc.) dlug bías duib, Metr. Dinds. iii 42 . gipe ra ṡossed (cía bé roisedh v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 6076 . atú ar bhaois gidh bé nach fuil, Dán Dé ix 8 . gi bé do bhronn a dhá rosg, Studies 1921, 258 § 9 .

It may be noted here that the position of the pron. in copula (or virtually copula) sentences in Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. is not always in accordance with orthodox modern usage, e.g. Tadhg esiomh nó a aithgin he is T. or else his counterpart O'Gr. Cat. 488 (= Ir. Monthly 1921, 291 ).

III With 2 os, q.v. : os hǽ (gl. donorum amicus) Ml. 69c4 . oshé, 122b14 . oshe, 123b4 . osse cona licc fora thairr, TBC-I¹ 891 . Similarly with is (s), s, ocus (┐) : deidghin...ina cinn isse níamdo, IT i 119.27 . a inar bláith ...is é étrom, TBC-I¹ 1871 . mar éan is é gan eitil, Dán Dé vii 22 . in scáilfer...sé tailc, IT i 271.11 . andara hech dibsidi ocus se...luath-lemnech, TBC-I¹ 2557 . ocus se baccach, PH 620 . ┐ se ina shessom, 622 . áráit...si imtromm, IT i 271.36 .

IV Independently : hésom triuss, Wb. 7c8 . tría buith adi innim ┐ hǽsium i talam because He is in heaven and he on earth Ml. 30c5 ....nad cho[m] nech acht hesom fesin 53a5 . cen fis accu he buden ina Cristaige, PH 56 . ni nech aile...acht he buden ┐ Dia, 607 . nachar mhair acht é féin amháin, Keat. ii 4179 . cunnradh eile atamaoidni do dhenamh le hA., acus eisin linne, Ir. Deeds, Trans. RIA xv 87.22 . In affirmation : Ferbaeth an e dothæt... imbarach? Eiseom on, TBC-I¹ 1543 = YBL 31a17 . After indá, in(n)a, ná than ( = O.Ir. oldá(a)s, indá(a)s) : fearr neach ele iná hé féin | dá mholadh, Studies 1924, 242 . do ba sine ioná é féin, Keat. ii 1828 . After cen, eter, 1 amlaid, 1 mar, q.v.

Here also may be noticed the type : is móidi a subailchi sin ┐ is laidirede congmus duine a n-agaid a namatt é its virtues are the greater (for) that and it aids a man more powerfully against his enemies thereby Maund. 139 . do benadh an t-iarann as an crand ┐ nir misde do bhi an tseisrech ag trebad é the iron was removed and none the worse was the team plowing BCC § 76 ; in these passages the pronouns sin, é, are asyntactical. Cf. the exx. in Fasc. i 162-163.

The usages classified under V-IX belong to the Mid. Ir. period, and later. Strachan has shown that V-VII were in use before the end of the eleventh century, and well established before the end of the twelfth ; see Ériu i 176 .

The form sé which arises in this period is treated s.v.

V As subject of the copula, following the pred. In early Mid. Ir. we find numerous exx. in which side is replaced by eside, som by esium, etc. (perhaps on the pattern of is éside x, is ésom x), as : in Fiac sin dano mac eside meic E....(v.l. mac sede), Thes. ii 307.3 . Cf. the O.Ir. types : is Diasom domsa, Wb. 1a2 . ni augtor side uilc, Ml. 44d19 ; these seem parallel to : ba cosnamaid Erenn esside an inbaid sin i n-agaid Cathail, MacCongl. 3 - 5 .

In early Mid. Ir. eside, esium, etc. usually follow the pred. directly, while the copula is unexpressed : dalta esseom do P., Trip. 394.4 . bai mac etorro... .i. Mael D. mac A. esside, LU 22a38 . Necódim...sái rechta eside PH 3677 . dalta do C. beos essium, 281 . Whether this type preceded and originated the use of the simple pron. as subj. of the copula is uncertain; there are numerous early exx. of (h) é etc. where the anaphoric pron. would be out of place.

Nicodemus... .i. cara inclethi do Crist he, PH 209 . ní cubaid bás cosmail doib, uair Pól ennacc he, Petar tra...écraibdech eside, 1865 . With copula expressed: combá mac dond ríg hé, LU 22b29 . is la Coin Culaind... hé, 112a24 ( FB 89 ). ba hairchindech na n-apstal he, PH 1637 . ba hōgshlān he, 468 . ba cumang les he, 64 .

VI As obj. of trans. vb., replacing the O.Ir. infixed pron. (The transitional stage is illustrated in the tautological types: cotgair Lugaid amach hé, TBC-I¹ 1063 . connachrancatár hé, LU 59a33 . roscuirset himmach he, PH 110 ): cona ragbad in galar hé, LU 14b31 . rocharsat hé, 121b35 . rochrechtnaig eseom, 126a28 . co cualutar hé, PH 18 . acall-su fessin é, TBC-LL¹ 1652 . guid he beseech him PH 343 . In reflexive sense: do lecc C.C. ar a gluínib é, BCC 274.29 .

VII As subj. of pass. vb.: robaided hé, LU 41a23 . cf. rogabad hí, 41a33 . is annam fogabar he cen chatha RC xxiv 200 . meni frithalter innocht é, TBC-LL¹ 1352 . nach acaltar é, 1694 . rohindarbad asin cathraig he, PH 949 .

VIII Occasionally as subj. of certain intrans. verbs: mas re ré na fochraice táinic amuigh hé, Laws iv 134.13 Comm. noco bia itir hi, 42.2 Comm. ar nach tisad friss he, LL 217b34 . ní raibe a n-aicned duinde eisseic, Acall. 6034 . ni roerchoidigestar do hí (sc. in lassar), Trip. 392.9 . Cf. as subj. of trans. verb: ni torracht Herinn andsin í, RC xii 78 . In such exx. the pron. is regularly separated from the vb., cf. imridh sé éinbhearta is í, IGT, Decl. ex. 1113 ; but: ór ḟás eision, TD 34. l. 189 .

Here may be noted: ol eissidi, IT iii 237.1 . bar ésium (éseom) quoth he TBC-LL¹ 4568 . 5971 . 6050 . ar esium 1189 . bar eissium , Acall. 4615 . cf. ar si, ar sisi, IT ii2 227.34 - 5 . See ol.

IX There are a few special uses of é in a neutral sense, without regard to gender of follg. subst. (cf. 1 ed):

(a) is e cuit in `acht' and the force of the `except' here is Laws iv 42.1 Comm. is e cuit in dono ann, 136.24 Comm. badh é a chríoch...go mbrisfimni..., Ériu ix 164 § 14 . is é críoch a gcualabhair this is the gist TD 31.8 . an é a reic is damhna dhí, 22a42 . iss é sin ciall in sceil, Acall. 3326 . is é áit..., Keat. iii 5055.5199 etc.

(b) in indef. predication, as: ní hé amháin not only that TD 9.11 ; 22.5 . Ó Héodhusa 34.9 ; 54.5 . Mac Aingil 326 . an é nach faici-sí C.? do ye not see C? BCC § 100 . an é nách easbol meisi ? an é nách fuilim saor ? 1 Corinth. ix 2 .

(c) referring to a statement or fact, etc.: rucad in Dond C....úadib...conid é sin méla ┐ mertain ┐ meraigecht is mó tucad for C.C., TBC-LL¹ 2041 (conadh í sin mela is mó v.l.). a Dhé ní d'anaibhse mh'olc | é nach faghaim-se furtocht, Dán Dé vi 34 . re hinghin Anna is é adearar | Dia an t-eitne agus ibh an chnú, x 22 . as é adeirid...nach treabhonn mé...iad, Studies 1923, 81 . is é chráidheas an croidhe | mé ag áineas tar m'eólchoire, 1924, 88 . See Strachan, Ériu i 163 .

For é with neut. or fem. subst. in Mid.-Ir. see Strachan's paper on Middle Ir. Declension, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1905 .

éirgid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éirgid or dil.ie/19823

 

Forms: éirgis, -é(i)rig, -é(i)rgesta(i)r, -é(i)rgiset, -éirgset, é(i)rgetar, -érigedar, -éricheadar, é(i)reóch-, eirgēb-, éireb-, éirég-, éirigf-, -éir, -éirgenn, éirig, eirg, airg, ni hergithar

v (from prototonic stem of at-reig (as-reig)). The conjugation is irreg.; pret. 3 s. éirgis ( PH . MacCongl. 47.13 . TD 20.34 ). -é(i)rig ( LL 265b24 , 296b42 , etc. TBC-LL¹ . PH . CCath. TSh. ) -é(i)rgesta(i)r ( TTebe 928 . 1950 . Ir. Monthly 1921, 27 § 16 ). pl. -é(i)rgiset, -éirgset, LL 299a48 . 301b44 . Metr. Dinds. iv 44.17 ). é(i)rgetar ( PH . TTebe ). -érigedar, -éricheadar ( TTebe ). fut. é(i)reóch- ( PH . CCath. Aen. TSh. ). eirgēb- ( YBL 173a28 = LL 149b37 ). éireb- ( Maund. 82 = éirég- ?). érech- ( LB 257b ). éirigf- ( PH ). As pres. ind. 3 s. conj. -éir is found ( Ir. Monthly 1919, 4 . TD 22a5 ), as well as -éirgenn. For the impv. éirig, freq. in sense go (e.g. TSh. 5048 ), cf. 1 téit (O. Ir. imp. eirg, M.Ir. airg). Impers. pres. ind. ni hergithar, LL 150a12 .

(a) rises, stands up: ergis suas, MacCongl. 59.6 . éirghid romham they rise before me (in respect) TD 25.17 . tusa atá at chodladh, éirigh = surge qui dormis TSh. 1697 . éireóchad ┐ rachad i ndáil mh' athar = surgam et ibo 8836 . Of rising from table: ó ól do éirigh, TD 29.38 ; 9.33 . Of recovery from illness: ésium ga leiges i Cruachain risin ré sin. acus in lá thancatar...is é sin lá ra érig sium, TBC-LL¹ 6141 . mur gabus eslainti duine... ┐ aithnid a caraid nách ereocha, Maund. 167.82 . da n-ergersa if I recover Fier. 63 . Springs up, appears: ro ergestar bolga for a gruaidib, Laws iv 16.16 Comm. bail a n-ereocha in muc sin romhut, Aen. 1807 . eirgebaid uilc woes shall arise YBL 173a28 = LL 149 b37 . co n-eirged a guairi... amal fhidbaid osa cind `his bristles rose' (of a boar) TTebe 869 . ra gabustar aduath...an gilla co ra ergestair a fholt, 928 . Of the sun rising: ro erig grian seach imellbord talman, TTebe 2195 . Of wind, storm: ro eiridh ainmḟine...a sruth Ismen, 3620 . ní éir gaoth nach gluais mh'intinn, Studies 1921, 75 .

(b) of resurrection: is ann ro erig a bás, LB 158a47 . erigfet-sa o marbu, PH 2278 . trias a n-érechat a talmain i lló bratha, LB 257b41 . Parrth. Anma 115.8 . Luc. Fid. 67.18 .

(c) arises, mounts upwards, ascends, soars: 's an Éirne dá n-éir ealta and the Erne from which bird-flocks arise GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 4 . cáit ar éirigh uaim d'eitill TD 39.13 . ar eitil ni éir (of a bird), Rel. Celt. ii 228.31 . Of liquids, etc.: sreabh nach éair tar fiodhruigh bhfeaoir TD ii 263.35 . go n-éirghe fuil ós na formnaibh, TD 16.67 . éireóchaidh bréantas as a gconablaighibh = ascendet fetor TSh. 1286 . TTebe 4852 . é.¤ tar rises over, crosses over: eirgid tairis aniar climb out over him (of a sleeping giant) Mer. Uil. 64 = BB 445b33 .

(d) grows up, matures: cech mét no erged ┐ no oirbredh (of an infant) BB 239b4 . gach duine eirghius gurub cum saethair tigid... ┐ gach lenamh teid d'éc co tét a Parthus, Maund. 263 .

(e) of noise, manifestations of passion, anger, grief, joy, etc.: ro ergestar...sestan ┐ seiseilbi, TTebe 1950 . go n-éireócha mh' ḟoltonus re maithibh ch. gC. that my resentment shall arise against TD 3.51 . cás fár éirigh eólchoire 20.37 . briocht díbhḟeirge 'na ghnúis... | gá cúis ór éirigh? 8.30 . ro erig menma in miled o'tchualaich na stuccu 'ca senm, TTebe 1425 . do eirigh meanma mhór a gclainn D. their spirits rose ML 8.28 . combáidh as a n-éir anbhuain, TD i p. lxxxiii n. 1 . Cf. olc báigh do éirigh orthaibh, TD 26.19 .

(f) rises in hostility, takes up arms, rebels; attacks: ergid co hoband dochum bar namad, TTebe 1120 . ro erich cach dib dochum a cheli, 2535 . ereochdaid let a n-aigid Tuirrn, Aen. 1899 . YBL 337 b25 = Celt. Rev. iv 12 - 15 . éireóchaid leis líon a dtionóil, TD 16.17 . suil fuair adhbhar far éirigh a reason for rebellion 18.2 ; 20.47 .

(g) starts up; arises and sets forth, proceeds: a hEmain éirgset na slúaig | dar Loch F., Metr. Dinds. iv 44.17 . ro erig F. ┐ a ḟiann...et rogabsat rompo, LL 296 b42 (RC xiii 44.14). 301b44 ( RC xiii 15.17 ). a Ḟ., inn érgi ri báig 296b30 ( RC xiii 44.12 ). eiridh do Teib `arise and go to T.' TTebe 3558 . ra ergedar uili...co hArgas `set out for Argos' 1281 . ro ericheadar...do digail Menelipuis, TTebe 3346 . eirig romat co Teib, 4792 . éirghis roimhe ar raon madhma, A. Ó Dálaigh l 11 . eirig d'adlucud na nabach `arise and come to bury' TTebe 4785 . na herig in turus teigi `do not begin the journey on which thou goest' 4173 . lá éigin dar éirghiosdar ar tulaigh, Ir. Monthly 1921, 27 . lá n-aon dar éirigh C. amach ar each do thaisteal an ḟuinn, Keat. ii 4700 . lá dar éirigh sé amach...do shiubhal, TSh. 5034 . do eiridh A. as an teint amach, Rel. Celt. ii 196.12 . eirgit d' faixin Chaisléin A., Fl. Earls 66.27 . eirghit go tegh oile, 70.14 ; 22.15 ; 36.6 . na heirgeadh uait E. `let not E. escape from thee' ML 94.3 . Imper. éirigh don mhainistir, TSh. 5048 . éirigh, umhluigh thú féin, Proverbs vi 3 . eirgit...a ttir a mbaili bheag `landed' Fl. Earls 92 y . Cf. do cuir...slegh tri...luirigh Sir G., ┐ ro eirigh an slegh as ┐ ni derna si dith dia curp rebounded (?) ZCP vi 29 y .

(h) with various prepp.

é.¤ a(s) abandons: intí eirges as a firt, O'Dav. 967 . Laws iv 126. Comm.

é.¤ de renounces, gives up, forsakes: éirigh do Mhuire renounce Mary A. Ó Dálaigh l 19 . éireóchad dí, Hackett xxvi 75 .

é.¤ do

(1) springs up at, attacks; meets ; dála na nGall...ro eirigh Ua F. ┐ Mac M. doibh, AFM iii 234.8 . do chuaidh tarsa...no gur heirgedh dhó ar tóchar an longpuirt `was not attacked until he had reached' 576.4 . go n-eireóighdís dhó `would rise against him' ML 66.10 .

(2) befalls, happens to: mar do éirigh don lóchrann how the torch had been affected Fl. Earls 34.25 . mar do éirigh doip a ttaep a riastala `how it happened they were arrested' 22.7 . gur eirigh buaidhirt ┐ aineolus fairrgi doibh, 24.24 .

é.¤ le (re) nech increases or thrives with, benefits one; one succeeds (in), prospers: an t-ionadh i n-éir le neach | a mhaoin do bheith ar biseach where one succeeds in increasing his wealth TD 22a5 . ní thainic aonmhac...as mó lér éirigh do ṡén serbhisi ina an Sir U. sin, AFM v 1736.2 . an dream ré n-éirgheann acfuinn ionnmhusa `to whom a quantity of wealth accrues' TSh. 9980 . do éirigh iomad áithis leis he had great success Keat. ii 2530.653 .

é.¤ eter (a quarrel) arises between: do eirigh aturra they came to blows Ériu iii 166 § 23 .

é.¤ fo overcomes (?): ná heirgheadh fúd muirn Mhuiris, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 512 .

(i) transitive (?); cf. crēt ērgius Pichan? why does P. rise? MacCongl. 59.8 . But cf. cia ar rét, Ml. 48b2 .

fíchmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíchmar or dil.ie/21988

 

adj o-ā (2 fích) angry, furious: fiuchadh fíochmhar feirge, Todd Lect. iv 96.4 . fan droing ḟíochmhair, TD 16.9 . 'na bhfraischeathaibh ... fíochmhara feirge, TSh. 2074 . Adv. tháinic tú go fíochmhar chugam, Job xxx 21 . Compar. bá fíochmhuire bríathra fear Iúdah ná bríathra ḟear I., 2 Samuel xix. 43 . is ann sinn fa fichmure in faltanus, ZCP vi 43.9 .

fris-áilethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fris-áilethar or dil.ie/24340

 

Forms: -frithail, frithail, frithalti, frithalid, frisáiliur, -frithalim, frisnáiltis, frisailefar, fris-railsiur, frisailfidhear, frisi-sailither, fritháilid, frithóilfed, fritháilfed, -frithóileabh, -fritháileabh, fritháilear, ḟrithóil, -etar, nosfrithailfium, frithairither

v (perh. orig. fris-sáil as in O'Dav. 871 cited below. Cf. saílid, and súil), -frithail. Ipv. 2 s. frithail, SR 5011 . dep. frithalti, TBC-LL¹ 2126 . 2 pl. frithalid, SR 1457 . pres. 1 s. frisáiliur (frisailiu v.l.) Fél. Ep. 560 . -frithalim Ml. 49d3 . impf. 3 pl. (rel.) frisnáiltis, 68a9 . fut. 1 s. frisailefar 38a10 . perf. 1 s. fris-railsiur, 86d8 . Pass. fut. frisailfidhear .i. friotháilfidhear, O'Cl. Vn. fritháilem, q.v. Sometimes analysed : frisi-sailither, O'Dav. 871 (see below). fritotṡáil-fider, Tec. Corm. § 29.10 . Later as a simple vb. : fritháilid. fut. s. 1 frithóilfed ; fritháilfed ; -frithóileabh, -fritháileabh. pres. subj. s. 1. fritháilear, etc. IGT III § 70 . perf. 3 s. do ḟrithóil , ex. 610 .

(a) looks forward to, expects, is prepared for: gl. opperiri, Ml. 68a9 . praestolari 38a10 . ni frithalim ruccai, Ml. 49d4 . frisáiliur do thechta I expect thy messengers Fél. Ep. 560 . in frithalid nech in far ṅdíaid do you expect anyone to follow you ? LU 4999 . frithailter misi acaibsi ... hi cind bliadna 3101 (`be my tryst kept by you' SG ii 268 ). in tan frisáilter gnim gona duine di when a deed of man-slaying is expected of it (the spear) LU 7715 ( BDD 129 ). má frisáilethar [leg. -etar] dul ana ngnais na noem if they hope to go in the company of the saints Ériu i 219 § 9 . Passing into sense opines, assumes (?), takes into consideration (?) : in tan asṁbeirsom beatus uir rl. frisailethar hisuidiu nant beatus inti nad agathar, etc. Ml. 129a2a . frisalethar mbis `qui' archintech he assumes (?) that there is a definite `qui' Sg. 207a3 (gl. qui, quando pro interrogativo vel infinito ... ponitur, circumflectitur).

ni hi senchas bec fris-ailither, Laws i 42.29 Comm. is doubtful ; it seems to correspond to : ro airled, 40.14 , but possibly the meaning intended is handled, dealt with .

(b) with further sense of anticipates, bewares, is on the look-out for (a danger, enemy, etc.), somet. handles, tackles (cf. fris-indlea) : frithalid aslach Diabuil, SR 1457 . frithail ... catha, 5011 . fēgaid, fomnaid, frithailid !, Ériu iii 143 § 1 . frithalti in láech fail ic folmaisi do gona, TBC-LL¹ 2126 (v.l. fritailter let in laoc ; frithoil in fer). da ria C. ... da bar saigid ... frithalter acaib é !, 4439 (biodh oirichill agaibh air v.l.). See also (e) below. Cf. also : dia mba rogáeth, fritotṡáilfider `if you be too wise, one will expect (too much) of you' (others will be wary of you ?) Tec. Corm. § 29.10 .

(c) catches, receives (something thrown) : ra ritháil C. [in ngae mbolga] il ladair a chossi, TBC-LL¹ 3943 = gaibt[h]i C. cona ladair, TBC-I¹ 2689 ; so also : ro ḟrithoileastar C. an bangae, TBC-LL¹ 3928 St (where Wind. translates bediente). fritheoil an gaoi bulga anois !, ZCP x 296.6 . dosforarrlaig [leg. dosfarlaig] ... in ceirtli co ro rithail P. ... ina laim, BB 415b4 = co rosgab, LL 221b47 ( TTr. 345 ). noí liathróiti do diubrucud i n-aenfecht air ┐ frithailig-sium sin isindara laim do, Acall. 5834 n . mias ... ┐ a dibrucud i clethi aeoir ... ┐ mina frithailtea aris uar [ = for] ind n-uaitni cetna `unless it were caught again by the same support' TTebe 2472 . The follg. may be an extension of this sense : frithail uaim na hassu-sa, BCC § 347 (poem) ; `help me to get these sandals off' transl., but the context shows that the speaker had not yet put on the sandals and wished to give them as a present.

(d) receives (a guest), entertains, attends or ministers to ; in this and the follg. sense nearly synon. with frestlaid and sometimes used in association with it : ro rithailed (.i. tancutar aingil i frestal anim[a]e suae), Fél.² lxxxii (gl. frisindled, May 23 ). ro fritháiled in rí (arriving for a feast) TBC-LL¹ 997 . is amlaid ra frithálit, LL 263a35 ( MU² 199 ). aroét, Trip.² 744 = roet (.i. ro frithoil) é co failti móir, ACL iii 18 . frithailter do biud ┐ do lind let them be served with food and drink, Anecd. i 11.6 . ro frithāiled ... co maith an aidhchi sin Fursa, BColm. 98.5 . do freasladh ┐ do fritholad in t-imper ... do rogha gacha bidh, ZCP vi 48.26 . With play on double meaning (b) and (d) : muna tí-sen andes ... frithailedh aige ga thigh | Dal cCais let him expect a visit from Dál C. (a threat) Cog. 106.3 . Serves, attends on with acc. or DO of pers. : fritheoil mheisi, Luke xvii 8 (f.¤ dhamhsa 1681). noch do ḟriothóil do righ na Babilóine, Jerem. lii 12 . Of things attends to, provides for: frithalid...in comram beus ! ScM. 12 . is foirceann [ = airchenn] gu tora dilind ┐ cindus frithailfimid sind, BB 22a26 = nosfrithailfium, ITS xxxv 190 . Here, perhaps : frisrailidhar no frisrailter comarba sa coimge .i. fir innlither no frithailet na cometaighi orba comoige in feraind, H 3.18, 215a ( O'Curry 379 ). Cf. further : cell og na frithsailter tratha a church where the canonical hours are neglected 23 Q 6, 50a6 ( O'Curry 1845 ) = frithairither [sic leg.], Laws v 118 (see fris-airi). a chorp ┐ a fhuil ró naomhtha ... ghlacuidsion ┐ fritheóluid amhain do chách oile ipsi soli aliis administrant Rial. S.F. 1626 . ro friothálus rioth roithrén re beinn, BS 70 . do frithail dona Lumbardachaib airechtus in meic (communicated, declared ?) ZCP xiii 180.20 may be meant for do fritail (see frital).

(e) in hostile sense, receives (an enemy, an attack), wards off, engages (in fight) : ro frithail seom M. co fichtha furachair, LL 256b12 ( TFerbe 416 ). tháinic S. ... do chathugud fri P. ros fritháil P. co torchair leis S., TTr.² 1318 . frithailis Ercoil co hathlam é (viz. Antaeus), CCath. 2978 . go bhfritheoladh féin é ┐ go ttiobhradh cath dó, Todd Lect. iv 68.1 . ro [ḟ]reastail ┐ ro [ḟ]rithoil A. sin (an attack), TTebe 2526 . ro freslaid ┐ ro friotháilitt lás na Gaoidhealaibh AFM vi 2332.22 . Cf. rainic T. ┐ C. ... co Celluch, ┐ tugadar da guin ... ar an cathmiledh ..., frithailis Cellach na cneadha sin go rosḟagaiph na dtamhnaibh sgailte ... iad `Cellach responded' MR 272 - 274 .

fris-gní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fris-gní or dil.ie/24364

 

v exercises, practises (an occupation, pursuit, virtue, etc.); applies labour, etc. to; serves, esp. serves in office, renders service or goods in return for, performs reciprocal services . In Laws glossed by fo-gní imm = ` serves with, in the matter of ,' see below: ni bi i fledaib ... frisgní (gl. non in honore aliquo ad saturitatem carnis) Wb. 27b3 . in dán frisgniat the craft they practise Ml. 37b12 . inna ṅdáne frisgniat ┐ ataimet, Sg. 33a25 . cend con forsin cāinti, ar is inann dān frisgniat they practise the same craft Corm. Y 222 (= fogníít LB). ní gaīs frisgní, LL 278a28 (= Ériu i 68 ). Cf. óes legind frichnait heris, FA 27 LB (= pridchait, LU 2192 ). is aire na rotcet [ = roichet ?] som [viz. baird] acht lethenecland na filed, fo bīth nā frithgnat ar ní direnar ... nad frithgnai nad frithgnaither uad why the bards attain only half the honor-price of the filid is because they do not give reciprocal service (?), for those who do not give or receive reciprocal service (?) are not recompensed IT iii 6.6 (= BB 296b34 ). Cf. the rendering given above s.v. fili, IT iii col. 134. 25 , which is too vague. Cf. ib. 23.2 cited s.v. frithgnam. is cach feistidh fiach frisgní marbfolta the service which corresponds to the goods of the deceased is due to the residuary legatee (? See festid) O'Dav. 896 (= O'D. 2225 , see s.v. festid). dilis do ceilib ... seóit ... acht frisrognat a flaithe provided they have rendered due services to their lords Laws ii 262.2 ( ZCP xiv 362 ). ma frisrognaither flaith foltaib (.i. madia fognaigter in flaith imna foltaib dliges) `if services [reciprocal services] have been rendered to the chief' Laws ii 318.8 ( ZCP xiv 385 ). frisgnither gellaib (.i. gell do ┐ uad), BCrólige 60 . ma frisrognaither co ngaire tēchta. mani frithrognaither (.i. ma tainic aimser in fognuma imin mbiadh. muna thainic ..., where `tainic' seems = `has expired') Laws ii 322.3 ( ZCP xiv 387 ). dia frithgnaiter leighis `if medical attendance be supplied' [applied ?] Laws ii 166.3 Comm .

See frithgnam.

fulla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fulla or dil.ie/24948
Last Revised: 2013

 

n precise meaning unknown, used in following approximate senses,

(a) illusion, magic (?) : rád cen f.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 6 . síd cen ḟ.¤ `a fairy place without delusion', ib. 8 (hence : f.¤ .i. brég ; gan f.¤ .i. gan bhréig, O'Cl.)

(b) vagrancy (?): fáel f.¤ (reading doubtful) ` werewolf ' iv 226 . dluí fulla 'hair of vagrancy' CMCS xii 16 . Fullon ... is eisein cétna druí rolaí bricht for dluí riamh do chuir dhuine for fo luamhain. Inde dluí f.¤ dicitur ... apud Scotos , Cóir Anm. 183 . o thainic in dlai ḟoluaimnech ḟulla sin fairsium, YBL 309a26 ( MR 234 ). Hence : f.¤ .i. foluamhain ; dlaoi ḟ.¤ .i. dlaoi chuires duine ar foluamhain, O'Cl.

(c) vagrant (?) ; one of the classes of persons disqualified for distraining, Laws i 84z (glossed .i. fo tabair [leg. tabarr] in dlai fulla, 90.26 ). f.¤ (.i. duine dilmain bis for sibal a hinad d'inad), 104x (106.7) .

imbert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imbert or dil.ie/27300
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: imirt

n ā, f. imirt f. IGT Decl. § 42. vn. of imm-beir.

(a) act of using, employing, acting; a usage, behaviour, act: tri imberta inna faidsine `usages (?),' Ml. 81c6 . fíach aibne imbert usci the obligation of the scourge (is) the use of water (i.e. washing is compulsory after scourging), Ériu iii 102 § 30. líach leis ... ilar na laech ... cena n-imbirt fri dighail a athair `sad he deemed it that the crowd of valiant heroes ... should not be employed in avenging his father,' TTr.² 215. ar na dernad nech a himirt ar in ni na bud leis bodein so that no one should make use of it for what was not his own ?, Laws v 478.z Comm. nī da roichedh 'na láim clī | ... nocha soiched 'na láim deis | gan a imirt gan ēisleis (in praise of Colm C.), ZCP vii 304 § 13 (= brondadh, BCC 448.21 ). nír'som mín muinterdha in imbeirt (airimmirt, frithailim v.ll.) dorónsat ic frestul na slógh `the preparation which they made,' CCath. 1709. laechesa ar aicme bethi iarsin imraet (no imirt) cetna `heroines for group B after the same procedure (or method),' Auraic. 5718. ni himirt mhæthmacaib (leg. —macaim) do-berar ort adrasda treatment, ZCP viii 529.13 . olc ind imbeirt sochraiti sin `bad is that act of friendship (?),' RC xiii 458 § 57. cach dichmairc .i. imirt cen athcomarc `acting without asking permission,' Laws ii 352.13 Comm. gibe sccela do thiucfadh anoir i mBeltaine imirt abhus dia reir `should be acted upon here,' AFM vi 2044.x . baí ag imirt doghrés a hucht na bainrioghna `who always acted on behalf of the queen,' AFM vi 2266.1 .

(b) the act of moving about ?: se fein ic a imbirt ocus ic a fothraccadh isna linntip dubfolae `wallowing and bathing,' CCath. 6060. in uair do-chonnaic Láegh ... Cú Ch. 'gá imirt (fhothrogad v.l.) tháinic dá innsaighi, Comp. CC 110 § 41. Hence intransitively: ag imirt ó thaobh go taobh 's ag ionnfairt, Midnight court 718. ( ZCP v 223 ).

(c) the act of handling or plying a weapon, tool, etc.: oc imbert [in gae], Trip.² 770. ó nach raibh ar a chumus arm d'imirt, Ériu i 87 § 33. gabais C. glés n-imberthae airm forru, BDD² 1411. condricfa a n-imbirt for slúag (of arms), TBC-LL¹ 275. dos-fic fallscudh feirgi ┐ áilgius imberta a n-iaraind `and the craving to wield their weapons,' CCath. 621. ro cuadar for imbeirt a scíath, `they resorted to pressing forward their bucklers' (of men in close combat), 1995 . nech padh calmai fri laimimbertai cloidib `good at sword-play,' RC xii. 72 § 44. léiciud ón co forgabáil, cenéle n-imberta gaiscid a certain manner of wielding arms ? TBFr. 237. níor chleacht sinn siobhal oidhche | ná imirt arm bhfaobhairthe, DDána 67.5 . gabait in gillai oc sudiu imbirt a dor[n]d foraib, LU 4916. iar n-imbirt aibne `after plying the scourge,' Mon. Tall. 143 § 43. imirt glaith for rot `using the "glaith" upon a road,' Laws v 474.6 . lámdha in domain acon mnái | imirt óir aircit gan gái `all the mysteries of the broidering art the wife possessed, skill to manipulate the silver and the gold,' SG 109.1 . in lá ria bfhéil imberta usce `the day before the festival of the Sprinkling of Water, (Rogation Sunday), ALC i 136.24 .

Of managing horses: eter imbeirt ech ┐ charpat, TBC-LL¹ 4021.

Of giving battle or preparing for battle: airm imeartha an chatha `the place where the battle is fought' O'Cl. s.v. airm. fada...ind imbert doradad and `it was a long fight that was made there,' Ériu v 236.88 .

(d) act of practising, wreaking, inflicting with prep. for : atagamar ... in fer d'imbirt a ferci fornd, LU 3792 ( SCC § 36 ). cid do chana duit in bréc do imbirt form, LU 5054. bale i ndénta fingal ... d'immirt for fannaib, 4342 . do immirt mela ocus cumachta forni immon curadmír, 8554 ( FB § 41 ). cin eolgnais comraite d'imirt forra `without inflicting intentional injury on them,' Laws v 136.21 Comm. martra do imbirt fair, Ann. Conn. 1306 § 11. ní chumaing écen do thabairt no d'imbert forru, PH 4833. ro gabh ag imirt a eccraitti ┐ a aincride fair dia ionnarbadh, AFM vi 1934.8 . da ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh if we were to act justly towards you, Maguires of F. § 61. go mbiadh tearmann aige ón oirleach do bhí ag Dia ar tí a imeartha ar gach aon, TSh. 706.

(e) act of playing a game, gambling; game, sport: ic imbirt fidchilli, TBC-LL¹ 922. oc imbirt buanbaig, 1810 . ic imbirt chless cluchi ┐ immanae, 870 . imirt fithchilli tighe aireach, Laws v 484.3 . ní boíd ind imbert moithchulión sin a Fergus ol Medb, LU 5701 ( TBC-I¹ 1227 ). do-rónadh ... imirt ┐ ceól ┐ cluicheda ina fiadnaise dá urbrégad, Comp. CC 80.3 . ata fós fó'n aithne-si in imbirt; uair is gadaige in t-í immres who gambles, PH 7597. do spealadh a mhaoine saoghalta ré hól, ré himirt, ┐ ré meirdreachas, TSh. 10356. ag damhsadh 's ag imirt 's ag ól, O'Gr. Cat. 30.26. clár na himertha gaming-table , Mac Aingil 3.3 . chuirfeas m'anmain san imeirt `which will put my soul to hazard,' Dán Dé xiv 7. gairid ar mbúaín resin mbeirt | gur smúain in aibhid d'imeirt, IGT Decl. ex. 625. Fig. mise uaid go haithmhéalach | faríor! ní himirt Domhnaigh it is no diversion, Dánta Gr. 61.34 . i n-ionbhaidh imeartha an chluithe (the Confederate War), Ó Bruad. i 124.13 . an méid nár fionnadh le himirt na méirleach, O'Rah. xxxv 105.

(f) act of performing (music); chanting (prayer) ?: ainm im[b]erta ciuil, O'Mulc. 833. sinnim no imrim ar an angrais chiúil, Plunkett s.v. pecto . imrim ar cheol, s.v. cano ( Éigse xxv 162 ). ? To this: bíadd prantigi dano ised aonach ndedenach indsin is coir do imbirt isna mbelaib iar praind hi sessam ┐ hi praindtig a cetal repeat (?), Mon. Tall. 162.2 .

Load More Results