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1 lúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lúath or dil.ie/30854
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: imlúaith, imluath

adj o,ā. Cf. n s m. imlúaith (: Cruaich), LL 1397 (cruach: imluath, v.l., ITS xli 234 ).

Quick, swift : fo bés srotha luaith, Wb. 32c16 . ar uscib lūathaib, Hy. vi 16 . loṅga lúatha, Fél. Sept. 9 . goetha luatha, FA 30 (LB). a haisdear ni luath, Magauran 1036 . frasa . . . luatha . . . d'armuibh, Comp. CC 126.15 . dá súil lúatha Loingsecháin, BS 44.12 . Of animals: ech . . . luath, LU 8659 ( FB 49 ). lúatha coin dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 . da n-ag lúatha, TBC-LL¹ 1324 . loscind luatha, BB 240a44 . In more abstract applications: ber na bretha lūatha ūd do chāch, ZCP xiii 179.7 (see below under compds.). i bhfeirg nar luath `not fickle in anger', Magauran 124 . Cf. also: Aifreann luath `an early Mass', O'Hara 4081 . im Shuibhne luath ar buaireamh céille atáim mad, Hackett xix 5 .

In adverbial use quickly, hence also soon, immediately, instantly: dobert doíri forsna Laigniu / luath atchiam, LL 4900 . is toich no is luath toibgit na sofir a ferann, Laws iv 2.5 Comm . Loch Gili as luath do linged. Irish Texts ii 13 § 24. for l.¤ , Fing. R. 320 (ar, co, v.l.) (see Notes). ticed co l.¤ , LU 3660 ( SCC 32 ). co l.¤ , SR 5978 . tair co luath asin sruth immediately, MacCarthy 66.5 . atracht a bas co luath, Lat. Lives 67.4 . rithidh go luath, TSh. 10331 . seal go luath ┐ seal go mall (of the pulse), 1656 .

Equative: lasar thened luathaigther (sic MS.) athach ngáithe, RC xii 426 § 10 . luaithir bogsimhin ar lár srotha, Comp. CC 102.18 . lūaithit[h]ir fīamain, Corm. Y 1059. lúaithigthir fíamuin, BDD² 1340 (altered from luaithir, Gloss., luaithidir, v.l. p. 64 ). lúathidir gaíth n-erraig, LU 3809 ( SCC 37 ). luathither lochait iar forgarmain, Corm. 36.45 . lúathidir rothán ṁbúaled, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). luathidir ruathur funemda, Ériu iv 30.3 .

Compar.: ni ra lúathiu na nóecharptig anda in triar de choiss, TBC-LL¹ 5876 . am lūaithe nā crand fri sruth, ACL iii 233 § 6 . dothoet C. fa chēttōir co Temraigh ┐ robtar luaithi rāngator techta Uladh sooner, ZCP xiv 223.4 . atbert Cruind . . . ba lúaithiu a ben, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.36 . is luaithiu gabas nech tuinidi gl. aitheam = áithem, Laws iv 2.10 Comm . (see Celtica vi 221 ). indas is luathi oltás amal dogním-sea more quickly than I do, PH 4135 . luaithe íad go tech Temrach / ná Ó Ruairc 'sa ro-thecchlach earlier (they came) to . . . , BNnÉ 289.11 . luaithe ná líonadh na mara / maidhm an díomais ag drud ria, PBocht 8.6 . toil a fhaghbhala nis luaighe (viz. death), ITS xxix 194.6 . Adverbially before (in time): ní is lúaithi na rucadh Iosyas `before I. was born', Maund. 110. Cf. gach ní tig ó ní oile, as luaithe bhíos an ní ó ttig ann inā é i.e. exists before it, Parrth. Anma 1229. Of wish, intention (cf. Engl. sooner, rather): gurab luaithi d'fuileon[g]adh bota pilēr do dhēnamh 'ná thiocfadh go Cōigeadh Uladh san chonvae sin, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 32.16 . is luaithe d'fhuileongainn bás ioná d'aontóchainn dhóibh I would rather suffer death, Donlevy 418.5 . achd gu madh luaithe dhiongnas saothar let him rather labour, Ephes. iv 28. In phr. mar as lúaithe (sense of superl.?) as soon as: do eirigh an maccamh mar as luaithe adubradh sin, BNnÉ 115.23 . mar is luaithi moitheochair na drochsmuaintighthi, ITS xxix 195.20 . With DE: nosnaltatar for feolaib maccoem mbec, ardāig comad luathite a forbairt that she might grow the more quickly, Ériu iii 138.82 . comad luathaide do soisdís a feich dḟeichemain toichida `that the plaintiff might the more readily recover his debts', Laws iii 152.12 Comm . ionnus gurab luathaide do fhásfadh é, Keat. ii 4906 . gurab luathaide ghuidheas an eaglais ar an marbh, TSh. 5197.

Superl. In LL adverbially and apparently in sense of compar.: cid ellom condranic cách, luaithium conarnic Fergus, TBC-LL¹ 1035 . cid l.¤ condránic in gilla luathiu[m?] con arnic Cu Ch., 1421 . luathium luis Goll a láma (i.e. more quickly than his adversary), LL 12705. The forms lúadem, LL 572 and in: Life, luathem a linne (`swiftest his waters'), Metr. Dinds. ii 82.43 are perh. rather 1 pl. of 1 lúaidid, q.v.

As subst.: a ingen, a lúath, a láeb, a Leborcham 'o girl, o swift one, o crooked one, o Leborcham', Tall. Étair 47.130 .

As n.pr.: S. mac Luaith, AU i 222.10 . Lurgu mac Lúaith lasar-deirg, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.10 .

Very frequent in composition. In the follg. lists compounds where l.¤ is used mainly for alliteration and / or rhyme have not been fully listed.

(a) With nouns. ? ¤áirem: each da bo . . . luathairem ar aird eamain, Laws v 66.19 . ¤breith: gan luaithbhreith without rash judgement, Content. xiv 32 . na beir luaithbhreith ar leithscél, Acall. 1414 . ¤cháin: mac dia tibrat laeich lūathchāin ready tribute, BColm. 6.21 . ¤chles: luathchleas seannuig, Párl. na mB. 2367 (assonating with cuach). Cf. lúth compds. ¤chor: foceird . . . lūathchor dá sūil isin tigh a rapid glance, ZCP v 501.26 . ¤chride: luathchride gl. cardiacus, Thes. ii 231.10 . ¤chúaird: ro lá mo súilse lúathchuaird I glanced rapidly around it, LU 7071 ( BDD 73 ). ¤éc: mortlaid . . . .i. luath-écai . . . .i. mortluath . . . luath .i. bás, Hy. v 12 gl. 24 . ¤ḟoibirt see fópairt (c). ¤gol: mná uaisle ag luathghol ar shráidibh weeping copiously, Keat. Poems 479 . ¤grinde: in luathgrinde áigh ┐ irgaile `swift phalanx' (Gloss.), Acall. 2819 . 4417 . ¤guin: nert a luathguinib, Acall. 4740 . ¤immáin: luath-ímana so sis, ┐ imana indligtheacha, Laws v 138.9 Comm . (introducing a list of punishable `drivings'). ¤lasair: luadfit lergga luathlasra fiercely flaming, SR 8207. ? ¤mag: cia ghébus Laigniu a lluathmaig / tacair [cruai]d tria báig, SG 382.24 . ? ¤rann: Mag Li luatraind, Mag Lathraind, Leb. Gab.(i) 62.8 . luathrainn .i. luaittear a rannaibh, O'Cl. ¤réim: ina luaithréim `on his rapid progress', AFM v 1820.2 . ¤tinól: forfuair do A. in luathtinol sa do dénum, Alex. 77.

Rarely with noun forming adjectival compd. ¤enech: gripp lepp luathaineach / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56. Cf. also LU 3382 - 3 printed Labraid Lúathlám ar claideb, SCC 17 `Swift-Hand-on-Sword', SGS vii 54 (cf. BDD² 269 cited s.v. luïd.).

(b) With adjj. In dvandva-compds. (the available exx. all show alliteration). ¤adbal: ina lasrachaibh . . . luathaidhbhle, ML 84.12 . ¤athlam: muineadha loma luath-athlomha, 84.23 . ¤bras: ín gres luighthi co luath-bras, Acall. 818 `rashly and perfunctorily', SG ii 121 . ¤lom: eclach siden luathlom lísta lurgan-breac, BB 257b7 . ¤mer: ina laemannaib . . . luath-mera, MR 222.23 .

With adjj. formed from nouns: ¤aicentach: claochlódh corrach . . . luath-aigeantach, TSh. 1662 . ¤basach see lúthbasach. ¤béimennach: Laegaire Lúathbémandach, Fianaig. 70.7 . ¤fasaig see lúthbasach. ¤gonach: an laech . . . luath-ghonach, MR 278.24 . lúathghuineach, Duan. F. ii 44 § 48 . ¤léimnech: ech . . . lúathlemnech, LU 6489 ( TBC-I¹ 1975 ). ¤ṡíntech: in lann . . . luath-shintech `quick-striking', MR 300.8 . ¤ṡúilech quick-eyed: na bí gaireachtach na luath-shúileach indti = non oculos circumferas (i.e. at prayer), ITS xxix 198.9 .

(c) With verbs. ¤báidid: romarb, roloisc, roluabhaídh, MacCarthy 412.8 . ¤brisid: roluathbrisedur a longa, Ériu viii 18.z . ¤éirgid: roluatheirghidar na tonda `swiftly uprose', Ériu iii 156 § 9 . ¤gaibid: and rolúath-gab cen lumma / draic úathmar fili sunna, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.19 . ¤lonnaigid: do luath-lonnaigh im Conall trias[n]a haithesgu sin C. flew into a passion. ZCP xiv 258.17 . ¤marbaid: ro luathmarbad . . . na tri cét fer, Acall. 7868 . ¤medraid: ro luath-meadrad in saermiled, MR 230.25 .

With vnn. ¤ḟácbáil: Luimnech do luathfhacbail to leave L. quickly, Caithr. CC 8 . ¤gorad: dia fúair L. luathgorud, LL 4162 ( RC xxiii 316.2 ). ¤letrad: robo imda laoch 'na ligu iarna luathledradh, LL 408a52 (= TTr. 2230 ). ¤répad: ac loscad ┐ ac luathrébad críchi Cuailgne, Comp. CC 82.19 .

uisce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. uisce or dil.ie/43063
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: uisci, uisce, uisci-lestraib

n io, m. water : n s. aqua lasin Laitneoir, usce lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1090 . uisci (gl. aqua), Ir. Gl. 160 . int uisque iarsin ganim, Wb. 11a17 . amal dete cech uisque coitchenn, Ml. 93b 12 - 13 . amal dunesmar uisce for talmain, 44d1 . huisce du techt tairsiu, 123d3 . a n-immuntimchella ni uisce, 108a9 . co riae in t-usce do bragait, SR 1600 . uisce rothé dar cosa (one of the three worst welcomes), Triads 70 . is fair a aenur tanic in usce sin [sic], LB 35b18 ( PH 1599 ). in fuil ... ┐ in t-usce, LB 1a20 ( PH 14 ). i céin marus usce ós talamh ┐ áer ós usce, CCath. 257 . a s. in tan duratus uisce ṅduit ón, Ml. 103a6 . focertar ind epaidse i n-im nad tét i n-uisce, Thes. ii 248.7 (Sg. Incant.). cia criathras usce n-an, | ... for cach n-iathmass, SR 7937 . Cf. 41 . téit isin n-usci a dochum, LU 5226 . gabaid Piláit usqui iar-sin, ┐ ro-indail a lama, PH 2842 . g s. duadbadar huaisletu Dé trí huaisletu ind uisci fuasnaidi fil isind aier, Ml. 40d3 . tabairt uisci doib isin diserto, 97d4 . ic dail usci dia cairchaib, SR 3744 . Ri thuc doib sruam usci uair | asind ailig ..., 4629 . Cf. 7160 . cúach usqui, YBL 102a44 ( BDD 139 . usce LU). tuc ... mulloc usce glain, PH 519 . clerech uisce Arda Macha, `the water-clerk of Armagh,' BCC § 337 . d s. cen a rícctin du usciu (gl. aqua ... nulla pars ... intacta relinquetur), Ml. 108a10 . focertar inso do grés it bois láin di uisciu oc indlut, Thes. ii 249.10 (Sg. Incant.). ragat ... co comairsem isind usciu, LU 5228 . bátir .xxx. marcach ... isind usci, 5522 . dobert trian forcridi de usci ar chuid cach lae `he added one-third of water to the daily allowance,' Mon. Tall. § 52 . rosáeth linni do bithsiu for uisciu isin dúnad, LU 6051 . penneth for usciu ┐ bargin, Ériu vii 168 § 12 . bith for usciu ┐ bargin to be on bread and water , Mon. Tall. § 9 . rop imnedh leo a n-aes penni do eipiltin for uisciu ┐ bairgin, Anecd. i 75.4 (= Mon. Tall. § 73 ). roberbi ar ind usci `boiled it on the water,' Mon. Tall. § 52 . a berbhadh ar uisgi, Irish Texts v 18.3 . siucra arna berbad a nuisci, 22.16 . in tíí ... do díl bar n-itaid on usqui , LB 162a41 ( PH 2826 ). no dídlastaís finnae for usciu they would split a hair upon water , LU 7701 . 7818 ( BDD 128 ; 137 ). a du. menadhach uas uisci ┐ menudhach itir dá uisci, Anecd. i 75.19 . n p. du lár nime dano sudigtir ind uisci, Ml. 120d9 . rethait uisci, 138d6 . cid arretae ind uisci, ib. 8 . ind usci, 40d16 . dufuargabsat huisci moro robuir the waters of the Red Sea , 96c1 . cit n-e usci ┐ ardae ┐ indbera dorriadat ?, LU 6905 ( BDD 51 ). at móra na haibni ┐ na huscida, LL 171b22 ( CRR 6 ). ni choemsat na husqi imdai coro airrdíbdat in déircc, PH 5864 . cruinnighthear na huisgeadha ... a n-éunáit, Gen. i 9 . do roinneadh na huisgidhe, Exodus xiv 21 . (Metaph.) tógbhaid uisgeadha aigianta na hantoile 'na ndromannaibh ... díomais, TSh. 2072 . a p. huare nad rotodlaigestar som co Dia inna huisciu, Ml. 124d9 . indhí notegtis isna husciu, Mon. Tall. § 81 . adeochasa ... inna husci do chongnam frim, LU 5513 . g p. nem n-usce , SR 635 . for srothaib na n-usqui ndub, PH 8301 . do chruinnigthibh na n-uisgeadh do ghoir sé fairrge, Gen. i 10 . guirme a huisgiodh, TD 13.4 . sreabh Feirsde ar áilne a huisge, L. Cl. A. B. 89.60 . d p. doríadat ilardae uscib indberaib ingantaib, LU 6903 ( BDD 50 ). roinneadh na huisgeadha ó na huisgeadhuibh, Gen. i 6 . do rineadar comhnuidhe an sin láimh ris na huisgidhibh, Exodus xv 27 .

Fresh water (as opposed to salt water) is generally fíruisce but sometimes uisce alone seems to have this sense: sruth, saile, sal no uisci, Laws v 332.5 . masa tochur srotha saile sceo uisce, Laws iii 428.14 . main andach cach uisce, Laws v 482.24 . So iv 220z ; i 2.6 . da uisce um clad, 23 P 3 f. 23 (21)ab ( O'Curry 1901 ). etir uiscce ┐ inbher muiridh `both [fresh] waters and sea-inlets,' AFM i 156.6 . Thus a piece of water, a river, a lake : co ndeochatar hUí Néill co alailiu (v.l. alaili) husque and, co tuarcab ind ob friu, Trip. 256.2 . AFM i 158.2 . dorimchell rígusciu Herend ... .i. Buas, Boand, etc. LU 7930 ( BDD 154 ). iar tarmchell usced Érenn, BDD 155 Y (= toróchell ... prímlocha Herend, LU 7933 ). cur techdsad na locha ┐ na montee ┐ na husceda uli, Ann. Conn. 1251 § 13 . Cf. cen selgc slebi na huisci, SR 7020 . Of mountain streams : tonna ar mire, ┐ uisce na sléibhte, O'Rah. xiv 48 . Of the sea : tar uisce na n-árthach, xviii 27 . Of rain : do-chuaidh mé, maith an tuicsi, | le cách fá uisge an cheatha `I have gone out in the rain like the rest,' Studies 1918, 617 (see ib. p. 618 n. 2 ). dá ndéanamh féin mar gach fear | dob'é a gcríoch dul fa dheireadh | tuigse an bheatha mar do bhuaidh | fa uisge an cheatha i gcéad-uair, Ir. Monthly 1920, 597 § 35 (cf. ib. 36 ) = DDána p. 239 . The phr. dul etc. fa u.¤ an cheatha seems to be a proverbial saying i.e. `to run the common risks.'

Of tears : uisge a dhearc do dhoirt Muire, DDána 27a26 . le huisge a nuaidhéar, 39.10 . Cf. uisge glas do-ghéabha uam | tighearna na dtrí mór-ṡluagh, ib. 18 . a leapthaibh dhénta duan ngill | aghaidh Thaidhg Óig I Uiginn, ... | dá huiscce féin do foilcthi `drops,' Studies 1920, 2.8 (i.e. sweat? ).

Of water of baptism : can nech dorratad toind usci glain | tar Nechtan mac Collbrain, LU 10108 (= Imr. Brain § 65 ). amail oibrigheas uisge an bhaistidhe go fírinneach ar anmaibh na druinge bhaistear, TSh. 6229 . Hence as attrib. g s. in: col uisce gossipred i.e. relation of sponsors : da ccionntuightheá re mnaoi chuil ... ní folair foigsi an chuil d'innisin (sc. in confession), madh col uisge é nó col gaoil, Mac Aingil 293.17 [leg. 263] . ní foláir bheith saor ó gach toirmeasg; mar atá col gaoil, cleamhnuis, no uisge, `spiritual kindred,' Donlevy 342.21 .

With defining adj., gen., or phrase: u.¤ bennaigthe holy water : gabais Pátraic in t-uisci bennaichthi, Acall. 6783 . uisce betha[d] whiskey : ... quieuit iar nól uisci betha go himurcach, ┐ dob uiscce marbhtha do R., ALC ii 112.1 = Ann. Conn. 1405 § 7 . in tenga ... do nighi ... le huisgi beata, Rosa Angl. 264.18 . is uime do-rín Ó Gr. an t-uisge beatha, TD 34 l.113 .

u.¤ bruithe broth : enbruithe .i. usce bruithe (.i. feola), Corm. Y 525 .

u.¤ coisrectha holy water : Acall. 7504 . 7508 . le huisci coisrica, Irish Texts v 64.23 . ní dhíbreann u.¤ coisreagtha é, O'Rah. 288.7 .

u.¤ comnaidi stagnant water : uisci criadhamail comnaidhi (contrasted with `fíruisci' spring-water ), Études Celt. i 86.15 . ceo reamur eirges dusgi comnaidhi, Ériu x 144w . Cf. bodar-uisce, id. (lit. deaf water): a sháith do bodarusci na S. dó, `dead water' (cf. `balb' applied to streams, babbling ), MacCongl. 19.11 . deoch do bódarusci na cuirre, 55.6 . Also marb-uisce (see below, and under marb, Compds)

u.¤ eorna barley water : dlighid ... in draint do coimilt ... le huisci eorna, Irish Texts v 46.12 . deoch duisgi deorna, Rosa Angl. 38.17 . maille huisgi na heorna, 86z . le huisgi eorná, 84.18 .

u.¤ ernaigde water of prayer, i.e. holy water : dochúas huaidi do chuinchid usque ernaigthi do Dáre ó Patraic, Trip. 228.24 . Cf. Lism. L. 566 .

u.¤ ferthana rain water : maillire huisci ferthana, =cum aqua pluuiali, Irish Texts v 68.2 . le huisgi topuir, no fertana, Rosa Angl. 84.18 .

u.¤ glas: englas .i. usce glas, Corm. Y 158 .

u.¤ imill (lit. water of the edge ): usci .i. imill (gl. lympha), Ir. Gl. 69 .

uisci ina muchar iarann 'chalybeate water', Irish Texts v 56.19.

u.¤ innalta, innlaid water for washing : u.¤ innalta, see below under u.¤ óil. uisge ionnluid do leag lóghmhur | bean re n-iodnuibh ḟóireas, IGT, Decl. ex. 463 . gur bh'uisge ionnlaidh dhí a deora, DDána 30.19 .

u.¤ lám water in which the hands are washed : nír ail do uisci lamh na n-ollaman do dul tar lamhuibh na mban na usce lamh na mban do dhul tar lamuib na n-ollam, Tromd. Guaire 275 (= Oss. v 36 w , y 0 where the word is twice misread as uisin).

u.¤ mela honey water : ibheadh da .ʒ. do diasisiom i nuisge meala, Irish Texts v 16.35 .

u.¤ móna bog water : uisce móna (v.l. monadh, mono) (among the things that are worst for the body), Tec. Corm. § 21 , 1.6.

u.¤ nádúrtha plain water : uisge nádúrtha do dhórtadh air cheann (más féidir é) an té baisdthear, Donlevy 230.9 .

u.¤ oiffrind water for mass : asin tiprait asa tabarr usce oiffrind dún, BLism. 2162 .

u.¤ óil drinking water : tect ar cend usci oóil ┐ innalta (iondlait, St.) dochum na haba, TBC-LL¹ 1555 .

u.¤ retha running water : ibh ... uisge reatha as do thoibreachaibh féin, Proverbs v 15 .

u.¤ rosa rose water : gabtur ... uisci rosa, Irish Texts v 40.9 . Cf. d'uisci na roisi, id., 68.3 .

u.¤ saillte salt water : gabtur uisci saillti = aqua salsa, Irish Texts v 40.9 .

u.¤ tibrat well water : uisci tibrat , Irish Texts v 42.1 . u.¤ topuir, id., Rosa Angl. 84.18 .

In comparisons and proverbial sayings: atcós do'n ríg co ro-s-leg a fheoil ┐ a chnamu amal usce, PH 1266 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne | mar uisge a beól úar eisci, IGT, Decl. ex. 1081 . is uisgeadha doimhne bríathra bhéil an duine, Proverbs xviii 4 . an t-uisge tana as mhó fuaim `shallow water makes most noise,' Content. xxvii 5 . ba usce for tóin créthir water on the bottom of a sieve (of a hopeless task), MacCongl. 73.3 . ferta tra Patraic do innisin dúibsi, a ḟíru Hérend, is usce do loch insin is like bringing water to a lake (a needless task), LU 274 ( Todd Lect. vi 15 ).

pn In place-names: go ffuil a uaigh i nUiscce chaoin, AFM i 146.15 . cath Comair trí nuiscce. 44 y . See Onom.

Compds.: uisce-lestar a water-pot : ar na uisci-lestraib (gl. idris), Lib. Hymn. i 38 n. 25 . With adj. pref.: amal tondgur n-iluisce, SR 608 . See also under 1 fír and marb, (compds.). Cf. usguisge ón ainm úathaidh ┐ ón táoibhréim ard iollraidh, IGT, Introd. § 94 . uisgeadhuisge ón táoibhréim ard iollraidh, ib.