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berbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. berbaid or dil.ie/5699
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: beirbid, bruith, berbad

v also beirbid.

(a) boils, cooks: mani berba gl. decoxerit, Ml. 46c15 . no-mberbthide (? leg. -berbfide, Gloss.) dam co tinde and, BDD² 1449. in ro berbais in saill `hast thou boiled the bacon . . . ?' Three Hom. 60.5 . fulachtad na feola ┐ beirbid in brocdan, BB 236b5 . ro hatád torc trichemrúad mórtheined imme co romberbastar, RC xiii 58.3 . ni berbamm salla na cárnai we cook not salted nor fresh meat, Alex. 882. cearca beirbthear a mbeacān eanbruithi = gallina cocta cum modico brodio, RSláinte 1851. (of a plant used in dyeing) is i berbthar tresin fual isin or mban co ndene derg de, Auraic. 5566. trí chaecait cét coire n-uma / i mbeirbthea mid maige Mháin in which mead of M.M. was brewed, SG 362.15 . is mor bruitheas a chuithe / gen co bruithi ani berbas (a whirlpool), Anecd. i 12.z (SCano 404). ro berbi ar ind usci boiled it with the water, Mon. Tall. 147.10 . berbhtar limsa ar lossraidh na cailledh é (sc. a small bird), RC xxvi 374.5 .

(b) melts, dissolves: ro berbai in cend in cloich co ndechaid treithe the head had melted the stone, LL 14172. coro mberb ┐ co ro dílég cech n-anmanna boí inti, LL 21138 ( Dinds. 13 ). coro mberb (of snow), 37006 . is leis ro berbad ór ar tus i nHerind was smelted, 2022 . Fig. do bhearbh an t-éag a anáir 'Death dissolved his honour', Celtica xxvi 104 § 41 .

Note also: mo brú-sa ris nī berba (B. na f.), ACL iii 310.11 .

Part. lind brīge ┐ biad berbtha, Corp. Gen. 87.28 . do æl berbthi of baked lime, Rawl. 74b1 . Vn. bruith, berbad. Cf. 1 bruth.

casnaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. casnaide or dil.ie/8319

 

Forms: casnaige, casnoidhi

n (appar. cas + snáithe. Otherwise Met. Dinds. Gloss.). casnaige m., IGT Decl. § 2 . Similar in meaning to casnad: casnoidhi gl. scindula, Ir. Gl. 253 . doringni O. . . . / liathróit do ch.¤ in craind ` shavings ', Metr. Dinds. iii 248.90 . dia fūair in casnaidi lasin sruth, Fianaig. 38.16 . caisithir c.¤ a chul, Auraic. 3499 . gilidir c.¤ cóir `white as fair wood-shavings', Ériu iv 94.15 . ? a mullach Droma tinde / ní fo laighi acht casnaidhi, Acall. 3934 . co tochrad c.¤ a gæ . . . forsin n-usce, RC xiii 464 § 73 . cosmhuil do chúl . . . / re cluimh no re casnaidhe, BS 18.18 . ? fa chasmail chroinn chasnaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 612 . ? mór mbarr bentur don chruine / lecthar crann le casnaighe, ex. 85 . is maith fá chasnuidhe d'abhlainn íad `of the crumbs of their wafers', Tribes of Irel. 44.8 . do bhein chasnaighe do bhun bonnsaighe, AFM iv 900.12 (casnad ?).

coairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coairt or dil.ie/9792

 

Forms: coart, coirt, cocarte, cocart

n also coart, coirt, and with -d- to mark hiatus. Cf. cocarte .i. comaithich, Rawl. 134a1 cocart, Leb. Cert. 200.10 , see Leb. Cert.² p. 111 n. 3 (but perh. separate word); landholder, husbandman: c.¤ .i. cōir a fheirt do chur, Corm. Y 251 = O'Dav. 348 . is de ata coirt ┐ esirt, O'Curry 779 ( H 3.18, 365b ). c.¤ .i. cōir dō fert, O'Mulc. 248. 438 . coart ainm binn do bhrúghuidh, Metr. Gl. D. 15 . coart .i. briugha, ZCP v 485.z (B. na f.). coart cach co fiacho, BB 65a3 . derb dal Cuirb c.¤ co M., Corp. Gen. 25.17 . sóifid . . . rochessacht i cóairti (córaidi, v.l.), RC xxvi 42.3 .i. i mbrugaidib cen chathim, n. ( Rawl. 111a31 , Metr. Gl. p. 58 ) = coairde .i. brughada, O'Cl. ? a se nemid c.¤ dam tinde tulcuma do righ, molt, miach, muilenn do couirtt, O'D. 2209 (Nero A vii 144b). nír thoirmisg a beth a bail a bráithrech amail ch.¤ (chodhairt, v.l.) `husbandman`, Leb. Cert.² 162.7 . do ronta a ccoindmedh for choartaibh ┐ brughadhaibh, Hugh Roe² 98.29 . banch.¤ mná `a woman-landholder', Ériu xi 51.19 .

do-fócaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fócaib or dil.ie/17646
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: túargab-, tecbál, tócbáil, tocbál, tucbál

v (* to-uss-gab-, GOI pp. 341 , 526 . Otherwise Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 530 - 1 ). On vowel of second syll. (short in O.Ir.) see GOI pp. 52 , 526 , and IGT Verbs § 108 and exx. 960 ff. Perf. prot. stem túargab-, later as basis for new present-forms. Vn. tecbál (?), tócbáil (incl. tocbál, tucbál). See do-furgaib.

I Trans.

(a) lifts up, raises (of literal motion): ergc a uerbo erigo .i. tōgbaim, Corm. Y 549 . benaid . . . in sruth co fleisc . . . co tocaib ina hanmand suas do chind na flesci, FA 18 (LB) = co tócband, LU. omna nā tūargaib in slūag, Hy. v 69 . co tuargaib in cloch, Thes. ii 344.18 . ní thuargaib a cend dia glún, IT i 77 (LMU). tanōcaib asin c[h]lud lasodain lifts him, TBC-I¹ 459 . tōcbaid in scīath fris, 3579 . tanócaib súas . . . in cuach n-dercóir, FB § 74 . con tocba clod cechtar a da roth rocharpait, § 34 . tuargabsat a lénte co mellaib a lárac, § 20 . do-fúargaib side fair a gasced uas gaiscedaib in t-shluaig he raised aloft his weapons, IT i 100.20 . dafuarcaib a thré[n]fher dar doraid, Trip.² 2042 . domōcbaid ol sé fria a muinntir lift me up, ZCP iv 41.25 . dohuargaib a dé laim hi crosfigill, Mon. Tall. § 61 . tuarcaib M. airrdhe croiche Crist ina agaid, Lat. Lives 94.1 . tócaibtís ind anmannai a cenna asa fochluib, RC ix 474 . rothocbaidhsed (togaibsid, v.l.) a n-armu, xxiv 202.1 . tocabair amach lasodain ┐ berar chucca, 149.32 . (of malt) co tuargabar ina fotaib `until it is raised in sods', .i. resiu tocbaiter hi ina fotaib, Laws ii 240 , ib. Comm. togtar a slabraid let the chain be taken up, 118.19 Comm. (pres. with ro- of possibility) a lesdar tuargaib fear go glun which a man can raise, iv 166.4 . tuarga[i]b epscop dano a glún ria ríg a bishop raises his knee, Críth G. 605 . a ben tocaib do gnúis nglain, SR 2117 . figuir Crist . . . tuargabad fri crann, 4171 . conúargaib (dothócaibh, v.l.) in mac bec a gnúis ó thalmain, TBC-LL¹ 1254 . tuargaib C. a chend, TBC-LL¹ 2968 . tuargabtar a cind . . . assa n-imdadaib they raised their heads, CRR 15 . tuarcaib a rosc dochum nime, PH 766 . tócbaid do thalmain hi, 7202 . cindus tócbas in genntligecht a cend . . . tar in Cristaigecht, 717 . tócbaid bhar ndoirrsi . . . co ndechsad astech rí na gloire, 3891 . tōcaibther mergi rīg Érend d'indsaigid rīg Ulad, Ériu ii 180.5 . robarta tond tūargabar (tuarcabann, v.l.) heavy seas are lifted up, vii 2.24 . Iudas Semor . . . rotōgaib croich in Coimdeadh iarna cleith fon talmain, iii 198 § 26 . nothōcbadh builcc chorcra fair it used to raise crimson blisters on him, ACL iii 4.28 . dia taethsad nem notogébad naem Cholmán 'na sosad for cúl, BColm. 70.12 . tócbhais a ben féin isin leabaigh leis, Imr. Brain i 65.16 . rothogaibhsead a n-da sciath . . . a n-aicill a cheli, CF 294 . rotógbadar as in coire . . . Iubdán, SG 244.5 . rothógsud . . . mac an diūice ┐ docuirsit ar sdét ele é, ZCP vi 34.26 . tuargabhsat tri bruta . . . i náirde, AFM ii 866.7 . (Of the sun) togaid si suas na fliucadain ┐ an fertain draws up, Ir. Astr. Tr. 26.22 . rithid an taer seimh rompa ┐ togaidh se gaeth it raises wind, 148.3 . dothogbhasdair Dia in n-dluimh teneadh, Hy Fiach. 20.9 . anuair togtar sgaile na ndeathach cum na hincinne (of a fever-patient), 23 P 10, 4b12 . sec[h]nadh na suiper ┐ na hoileamna o togtur dethaigi cum na cinn, 93.8 . seasfuidh gaoth anfadhach ┐ tóigfe suas a thonna sin, Psalms cvii 25 . a neart mar neart Hercules dothóigeadh na sléibhte, GJ iv 18a20 . in tan dotógthar suas ant Abhlann Coisreagtha at the Elevation of the Host, Donlevy 434.5 . dá d-tóigeadh an tighearna easboig-si lámh ós mo chionn, Hard. i 246.y . togfuid nathrach neimhe, Luc. Fid. 380.10 . Of hoisting sails: tuarcaib a seol creda fora churach, RC xvi 31 ( Dinds. 81 ). go dtógbhann an bás . . . a sheólta suas, TSh. 2389 . tógbhaid a seōlta, Fl. Earls 8.7 . Of lifting a boat or ship to or from land: do fócbat a coblach hi tir, Corm. Y 1059 v.l. dia tuicēbat barca for Ess Rúaidh, ZCP xii 238 § 62 . togbhais C. an long leis ó thír, Ériu viii 139.24 . an tōigēb mo c[h]urchān cīar | ōs aigēn uchtlet[h]an ān?, ZCP x 46.5 . Draws up (water): a dtógthar d'uisge as an sruth, Eochairsg. 58.32 . takes up (from the fire): berbtar cerc . . . co ndeachad a trian fo bruith ┐ tágaib ann séin, O'Gr. Cat. 197.17 . digs up, excavates: aer na log asa ttogtar mianach, 3 C 19, 142 vb 10 . With reflex. inf. pron. rises: cioth rodtógbhuais dot choilcthaib? why did you rise from your couch? ITS v 20.10 . tosnúargaib súas . . . isin n-aer, LU 9102 ( FB § 85 ).

Note also: túargabad fornn aire fochide nád tuárgabar nert gl. quoniam supra modum gravati sumus supra virtutem, Wb. 14b22 (leg. tuárgab ar nert, Sarauw).

(b) takes, takes up; brings: is e seo a med togbus in tinde sin do gran cruithnechta this is the amount the t. takes up in grains of wheat, Laws v 18.5 Comm. do gnimuibh risi tocbatur na geill of the deeds by which the pledges are taken, ii 118.5 Comm. rosuidighset a longa ┐ rothocsat a forni leo, Aen. 984 . tócbaid-si lib hé ┐ berid breth . . . fair take him with you, PH 2745 . tuargaib leiss cona arm ┐ cona erriud . . . dar áth fa thuaid é, TBC-LL¹ 3965 . tógaibh leat aní is leat féin ┐ imthigh, TSh. 1013 . tóg do chros ┐ lean misi, Mark x 21 . tógbhuidh mo chuing-si oraibh take upon you my yoke, Donlevy 215.8 . an dtoigeubhaidh misi boill Chríosd chum ball sdríopaidhe do dhéunamh dhíobh?, 1 Corinth. vi 15 . an uile easbog . . . tógbhathar . . . as na daoinibh eile (= omnis pontifex ex hominibus assumptus, Heb. v 1 ), Eochairsg. 25.31 . Of food: sechnadh na nethte o ngeinter linn derg ┐ toctur iad le hursaill let them be eaten with . . ., 23 P 10, 127.12 . Note also: cí bé . . . comhluadar no gnothuigh do thógas suas sinn occupies us, Donlevy 400.12 .

(c) takes away, lifts off, removes: ri dosfúargaib triana nert | a dóire huathmair Egept, SR 5201 . ac so uan Dé nech tócbus pectha in uli domain, PH 3795 . tuargabtar leo Cairpre they carried off C. with them, CRR § 50 . tócbait in tech-sin leo . . . co triall dōibh doridisi (of a temporary hunting lodge), ZCP i 272.2 . galar .i. togbhus an t-olc ┐ fhágbus an mhaith, Triads p. 42 gl. 224 . toc an bir úd co luath ar si as an inadh a fuil se . . . Ni tóicebad ar in to-oclaech take away that stake, BCC § 297 . an tan tógbhaim daorchrios diuide when I take off the . . . girdle, Ó Bruad. ii 70.11 . (Of the amount of wine to be drunk) in méid dodhenad subacus ┐ dotoigebhadh a imshniom, 3 C 19, 82 va 20 . With DE: co rostócuibh in cathair don taeb araill don tsruth removed, Marco P. 68 . gach daoirse da raibhe ar Ghaedhealaibh . . . do thógaibh Brian díobh uile í, Keat. iii 4108 . tógbhaidh sé a n-aire dona neithibh saoghalta (of the eyes), TSh. 9272 . tocaid salcur do suilib, 24 B 3, 109.20 . With ó: adeirim ribh go dtoigéobthar rioghachd Dé uaibhsi, Matthew xxi 43 . tog uait na himshnioma troma, 3 C 19, 161 va 2 . dotóccbhadh a ndúthaigh gusan rígh `were transferred', AFM v 1496.18 .

(d) raises, sets up (of stones, buildings, etc.): tuárgabad lais . . . primchathir mac n-Israhel, SR 6657 . tuargabad leo forsin maig . . . | carnn comluga is comchotaig, 3039 . togabar a coirthe ┐ a liagan, IT i 122.15 . radis M. ara tuargabtha a lía, TBC-LL¹ 1572 . secht cét cell . . . dosnócaib do lár he raised them from the foundation, Trip. 552.8 . rotocbaisit . . . mur derg ind agaid Ulad, Ériu viii 179.1 . ba dōich lim bad Cland Deadhaid donuargaibset, 156.23 . tócaibther leis in cnocc crúaid | fo chosmailius tuir Nemrúaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 . ó Thaltin i tócab (tocaib, MS.) tein raised a fire, 50 . rotōgbad a lia ┐ a lecht ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 30.13 . goill dothógaibh badhbhdún an longphuirt, Hy Fiach. 122.7 . dotógbhadh le Brian iomad droichead ┐ tóchar ┐ slighthe móra, Keat. iii 4117 . dothógaibh Teamhair dá sliocht, Content. iv 33 . go dtógbhaidh tú teach ┐ nár áitighe tú é, TSh. 9706 . i mbás Aman san gcroich do thógaibh féin, 779 . tóg dhamh annso seacht naltóra, Numbers xxiii 1 .

Fig. sets up, establishes: is inti tōsech tuarcgabad an t-ord in it the order was first set up, BColm. 24.26 . dotóccbadh nós ┐ dlicched i naimsir Thoirrdealbaigh, ZCP x 8.7 . ar eacht go dtóigeobhadh an creideamh dobhí ar lár so that he might raise up, Keat. iii 5433 . tógbhait suass . . . gnē dēe they set up a supposed God, Fl. Earls 112.30 .

(e) exalts, uplifts, elevates, extols: tocbaid lobru | tairnid triunu, LU 3417 ( SCC § 18 ). ba léir P. co mbebae . . . is ed tūargaib a fheba . . . suas de sech treba dóine, Hy. ii 24 ( Thes. ii 314 ). rí dorúargaib Héle fáith, SR 7109 . rí . . . os túathaib túargaib Dauid, 6764 . as amlaid sin toicebus Brénainn a mhancha a n-airdi, Lism. L. 3328 . tocbad fírinne . . . notocēba, ZCP xi 88 § 6 . a Dé, rothōcba shinni, ix 468.11 . ro-thócaib cu honorach o ingaire choerech in tí Dauid, PH 6497 . is and romtócbad co mblaid there I was exalted with fame, Metr. Dinds. i 4.43 . dosfuargaib a dímus n-án `her noble pride uplifted her', iii 30 . ni hed as dech doní nech innocbail . . . ferr do co mbad ed dogneth inísli dofoicebad, LL 271 marg. sup. blad a teglaigh tóigéba, Hy Fiach. 192.10 .

(f) draws up, arranges, brings into action (of forces), begins (of a battle): tóccbaigh cuccainn lucht bar ttrebh, Cog. 86.16 . in cath sin rothogbaisiu, MR 172.20 . tuarccabtha tri cath crodha, Mórthimch. Erenn (ed. Hogan) § 25 . tuargabad cath croda a bloody battle was begun, Ériu v 238.100 . rotuarcbaid trommgressa for sciathaib, Alex. 270 . tuargaibsiot a n-iodhna catha forra `put on their arms', AFM vi 2132 . tuargaibset a tindrem | sund a n-inber Bonni they set about their expedition, Todd Nenn. 146.155 .

(g) furnishes, prepares, lays (a table): ní tócaibhter cuach ná cupa dia freasdul, Marco P. 87 . rotógbad buird altacha . . . ann, Fianaig. 56.1 . dotócbad aco blēdedha bánairgit . . . ┐ rotógbad ann corn Finn féin, ┐do thógaibh an eagna teach . . . do thógaibh sí bord = proposuit mensam, TSh. 8812 .

(h) rears, brings up, fosters: in triath romtógaibsea, MR 218.10 . ar is iad Catraighi tuargaib e, BB 250b24 (= rusail e, H. 3.18). da mac Medbi . . . oenben rostuargaib cen tár, Ériu v 225.107 . ba hand rodnalt ┐ tuargabat as a aetidh, Auraic. 235 . ba hannsin rotogbadh Niul i foghloim na nilbherla, Leb. Gab.(i) 192.26 . is aca teagaiscther ┐ tōgoipther suass . . . iad, Fl. Earls 180.30 . Note also: pósfuidh a dhearbhrathair a bhean . . . ┐ tóigeabhuidh sé síol dá dhearbhráthair, Matthew xxii 24 .

(i) With DE, FOR exacts, levies, raises (a tribute or tax): toicebhut-sa mu thinnscrai dhit, Lism. L. 1158 . rothoccaibh a chíos ríoghda forra, Cog. 40.3 . rothócaib dib giallu, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 . T. O Mailconaire do tóg in cis sin do'n Iarla, O'Gr. Cat. 220.38 . dothógbhadar an éiric soin ar Laighnibh, Keat. ii 3572 .

(j) shows, exhibits: tocbaid in corrbolg . . . do ┐ atfet a scela, RC v 201 § 17 . tuargabatar an-nochta ┐ an-náre uile dó, TBC-LL¹ 1361 . túarcaib do indsin in uli flathiusa in domain, PH 4719 . tuárcaib do slicht in gói, 6778 . taispenfa, toigēba . . . a t[h]aob don tsochaidhe, ZCP iii 210.23 . rothocaib a chrechta ┐ a ilgona dona sluagaib, TTebe 2765 . níor thóg M. a aghaidh dhóibh M. did not show his face to them, Caithr. CC 55.y . rotogbadh dosidhe ┐ mar adconnuirc, Lib. Flav. i 11vb32 . condatuárgabusa 'till I have manifested (revealed) it' Wb. 26 d 10 , Celtica xii 15 . tuargab cenn ind rún-sin 'that mystery is manifested (lit. has revealed itself)' Wb. 26 d 11 , Celtica xii 15 . Note also: co tuargaib a argat isin chathraig offered, LL 361 marg. sup. In pass. appears: is amhloidh togaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal there appeared to the enemy a lady, Fl. Earls 48.17 . Also in phrase do-fócaib cenn appears: co tuarcaibh Brēnaind cenn in oidhchi sin dí araile cēile Dē, ACL iii 4.31 . tuargabsat chend in dā trian robátar isin talmain, Fianaig. 34.16 . rothogaib Anachis cend do Aenias A. appeared to Aeneas, Aen. 1193 . a Cháimgin . . . ra báig Molling tócaib cenn, SG 389.26 . dia rothógaibh spirat na hécsi cenn do, Cóir Anm. 272 = torcaib, Lec. 446b41 . duid dothógbhus ceand anocht to thee I have revealed myself, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 74.23 . tri locha ingantach[a] tuargabsat ceand i nErinn anocht, Anecd. ii 5.21 . (Of a river) 'san India tocbhais cenn ar tus, Marco P. 122 .

(k) awakens, rouses, excites: conom-thūarcaib as mo ches | au[r]chor maic Comáin, Fianaig. 40.3 . in ní dothoigébad ferg Dé, PH 7747 . ná tóg fercc Dia, SG 43.33 . ní thóigeba tnúth aoinfhir | . . . th' óirdnedh . . . mar áirdríg, O'Gr. Cat. 470.19 .

(l) utters (a cry or shout), raises (the voice): rothócbatar banntrochta a n-gáiri guil, IT i 128.20 . co ttuargaibhset tri tromghaire ós aird, BS 14.3 . do thogadar na tonna tromghair truaghadhbal da sirchaineadh, CF 736 . rotōcbad muirn ┐ medair na bruidhni, Fianaig. 64.1 . tuárgabad in chlas | do molad De, SR 4037 . tuargaib Balam a guth ngluair, 4805 . tocbus B. a ghuth cu hard, Lism. L. 3621 . tóigfe tú do ghuth suas, Proverbs ii 3 . tógbhaidh bhar n-uaill raise your cries of joy, Content. xvi 72 . tógbhaid na haingil . . . aontsiúin cheoil, xviii 155 n.

(m) takes up, acquires: ? is tre fhír flathemon donfócbat dúili dúsi ili órdai airgdidi, ZCP xi 82 § 21 . do léigeamur bhur gclann le ar gcloinn chum sgoile ionnus gur thógbhadur beagán foghluma, PCT 1717 .

(n) accepts: ionnus gurab moide toigebait a muna uait so that they will the more accept instruction from you, Ériu v 138 § 116 . tógbhaim í (viz. sdair an tsluaigh) mar fhiadhnaise, Content. v 179 . ante . . . nach ttógbhann súas míochlú in aghaidh a chomharsan (= opprobrium non accepit . . .), Psalms xv 3 .

(o) raises (a point), challenges (a statement): is fada atáim ag trácht . . . seach an gcúis ar dtúis do thógbhas away from the point I raised at first, Ó Bruad. ii 234 . ní maith do thógbhais mar bhréig | go dtug it was not wise of you to challenge as false that . . ., Content. xiii 17 .

(p) sets up, causes: as minic togus crupan ┐ toghairmeas an bás, 23 P 10, 24a55 . is i an leisgi ┐ an druis da ní do thog locht isna corpaibh sa Gréig, 24 P 3, 135.12 .

(r) With various nouns: in t-ánius romōr tuargabais fort, Ériu viii 157.32 . dothógbhais béim ar an bhfear, Content. xiii 2 . rothógbatar . . . clesa curad, Fianaig. 96.26 . coscur . . . trén tuargaib, SR 5581 . Nemruad . . . tuargaib a gleo co mórgráin, 2698 . dothógbais . . . iomarbháigh a hucht Muimhneach, O'Gr. Cat. 534.5 . do tógbád imarbhágh uaibh | a éigsi Bhanba, 535.15 . gé dothógbhais air mar oil though you blamed him, Content. xv 50 . bid aithrech leó an triall tóccbaitt, Cog. 86.25 . Note also: tógbhaid anocht ortha . . . | cor gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.19 .

II Intrans.

(a) rises: dofuargaib Adam astsruth, SR 1883 . intan donórcaib grīan, TBC-I¹ 3443 . bás cethorchat . . . dia túargaib . . . grían, Fél. March 9 . túargaib dóib gáeth, Anecd. i 52 § 18 . dufuargabsat huisci moro robuir intan rombói popul dǽ fora muir, Ml. 96c1 . tuarcaib abann Liphe friu, IT i 45.2 . co tuargab ind ob friu tria nert Dé, Lat. Lives 19.12 . túargaib . . . tomaidm locha Léin lindmair, Metr. Dinds. iii 26 . ? Of a muster for battle: do thógbhadar leis an ordughadh Clann Mhuirigh, RC ii 178.9 .

(b) appears: túargaib co sluagaib, SR 6901 . tuarcaib grian na fírinde dóib dá cech leith, PH 7062 . ni tuargaibhset na cōic rōid sin for Erinn gusa anocht, Anecd. ii 5.1 .

(c) betakes oneself, makes off, rides aloft, soars (with various prepp.): do thógaibh Oilill Finn air . . . tresan sluagh siar, Ériu viii 139.1 . in tan fa hollam in fhled . . . thógbus Cathal O Céin air, SG 282.9 . tógbhais Bricni roimhe ó Cruachain siar, Ériu viii 135.22 . rothóguibh rompa da gach muine for a chéile he flew from thicket to thicket, BS 176.32 . ro tógaib Suibhne uime co háithétrom, 16 § 15 . rothógaibh S. uimi co hétrom do ind gach aird, 114 § 57 .

(d) Miscellaneous: tógbhait na nāimhde ōn mbaili raise the seige of the town, Fl. Earls 48.26 . rothōcoibset na doctūiridhe de gave him up, 144.17 .

do-róscai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-róscai or dil.ie/18396

 

Forms: dirósci, diróscai, diroscai, doroscai, duróscai, duroscai, dorósci, dorusci, doróisci, do-d-rósce, doróisce, do-r-róisce, doróscaigi, -derscaigi, derrsgaigi, derscaig, derscigem, diroscat, duróscat, doróscaitis, duroscaitis, doroscea, doroscat, duroscat, du-d-róscat, duro-scainn, dirosced, durosced, du-nd-rosced, doroscaimis, di-t-róscibea, duróscaibea, duroscaifea, duroscibet, duroscaifet, doróscaisset, daroscaigset, doróscichset, doroiscichset, diroscider, diróscaither, doroscaither, doroschither, duroscaibtar, du-n-dan-roscad, derscugud

v (di-ro-uss-scuich-, cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 618 ); later as simple vb. derscaigid, derscnaigid, q.v. Indic. pres. 3 s. dirósci, Ml. 57a1 , Sg. 42b2 , 3 . diróscai, Sg. 42a1 , 40a18 . diroscai, Ml. 133a4 , Sg. 40a17 . doroscai, Ml. 138c12 . duróscai, 114d1 , 115b16 , 134c4 . duroscai, 129b10 . dorósci, TTr.² 216 . dorusci, BB 491b41 . doróisci, TTr.² 1215 . do-d-rósce, 627 , LU 10827 . doróisce, 2467 . do-r-róisce (rel.) Trip. 398.2 . doróscaigi (contam. with prototonic form), TTr.² 1211 , 1213 . -derscaigi, Sg. 40a17 . ní derrsgaigi , IT iii 239.144 . ní derscaig , Alex. 848 , Anecd. v 2.28 . 1 pl. ní derscigem , Wb. 2a14 . 3 pl. diroscat, Ml. 66d12 . duróscat, 69a1 . Impf. 3 pl. doróscaitis, Ml. 136a7 . duroscaitis, 79c6 , 124d2 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. doroscea, Ml. 56a4 . 3 pl. doroscat, 37b14 . duroscat, 69a17 . du-d-róscat, 121a3 . Subj. impf. 1 s. duro-scainn, Ml. 41c6 . 3 s. dirosced, 58d15 . durosced, 129b13 . du-nd-rosced, 33c5 . 1 pl. doroscaimis, 32a21 . Fut. 3 s. di-t-róscibea, Wb. 1d21 . duróscaibea, Ml. 89c12 . duroscaifea, 139b3 . 3 pl. duroscibet, 84b1 . duroscaifet, 84b4 .

Pret. and perf. 3 pl. doróscaisset, Ml. 119d3 . daroscaigset, LL 235a38 . doróscichset, TTr.² 219 . doroiscichset, LL 399b3 .

Pass. pres. s. diroscider, Enchir. Aug. 72b ( ZCP vii 480 ). diróscaither, Sg. 42b1 . doroscaither, 43a2 . doroschither, Ml. 107b5 . Fut. pl. duroscaibtar, Ml. 87b4 . Pret. s. du-n-dan-roscad, Ml. 100b4 . Part. 1 derscaigthe. Vn. derscugud.

I Intrans. stands forth, distinguishes oneself, is conspicuous, pre-eminent; absol. or more oft. with prep. DI surpasses; gl. antecedere, Ml. 139b3 ; antestare, 69a1 , 84b4 , 89c12 , 114d1 ; eminere, 32a21 , 37b14 , 41c6 , 66d12 , 79c6 , 115b16 , 18 , 121a3 , 129b13 , 136a7 ; praecellere, Wb. 2a14 ; praeesse, Ml. 129b10 ; praestare, 56a4 , 57a1 , 113a9 , 134c4 , 138c12 . ni derrsgaigi nech hissind airecht none outshines the others, IT iii 239 . ní derscigem nech di alailiu we have no vantage one above another, Wb. 2a14 . ni bi fodord do neoch dib di arali, ar ní derscaig nech dib di araile, Alex. 848 = ni derscaig nech dib araile, Anecd. v 2 . doróscaisset maic Israhel donaib c(h)enelaib cocríchthaib, Ml. 119d3 . diróscai di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, Sg. 40a18 . ni derscaigi dind huiliu cheneul, 40a17 . is do ilib a cheneoil fēn dorróisce, Trip. 398 . dirósci comparit di comparit a comparative surpasses a comparative, Sg. 42b3 . poisit . . . ni derscaigh do ní. Superlait dno ni derscaigther di. Comparait immorro derscaighidh di neoch, derscaigther di the positive does not surpass anything; the superlative is not surpassed; the comparative surpasses something and is surpassed, Auraic. 694 . ata derscughudh di (sc. dind posit) it (the positive degree) can be surpassed, 688 . doróisci ar áni . . . di ócaib in talman, TTr.² 1215 . doróscaigi do láechradaib domain uile ar ánius, 1211 . cathair doróisce do ṡaidbrius ḟer talman, Alex. 414 = dorusci, BB 491b41 . ingen . . . roderscaig do mnaib Érend, LU 3715 ( SCC § 33 ). roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain . . . do thigib inna hamsiri sin uli, FB § 1 . atait seacht n-ogha agamsa . . . ┐ ata aen ug and doderscaig dib uile, Aen. 214 . batar sech meic for .xl. la C. Doronad palas righda don mac roderrscaigh dibh, Marco P. 82 (possibly whom he favoured most, cf. II (b) below). asbert nád rabi for fertas in betha cumachta dodrósce de, LU 10827 (confusion of trans. and intrans. construction). With other prepp.: duroscibet . . . sech cech[-a?] ríga, Ml. 84b1 . roderrscaigh C. tar na .u. righuib aile, Marco P. 35 .

II Trans.

(a) surpasses, excels: ditróscibea . . . .i. bid ferr oldái, Wb. 1d21 . doroisce dōine Dubt[h]ach D. surpasses men, RC xx 152 = dorróische, LU 489 ; cf. Auraic. 5388 . desmirecht na deerci doroisce cech ndeeirc, MS. Mat. 614 ( LB 251b35 ). etach doroisce cach netach, Thes. ii 326 ( Hy. iv 10 Comm. ). in Spirut naob doroisce cech spirat, Lism. L. 1776 , cf. PH 3658 ; Anecd. ii 10 . int soilsi doróisce cach soilsi, RC iv 256 = LU 2467 . doróisce int ór cech tinde , PH 7018 .

(b) distinguishes, singles out, gives the preference to: bid amne ind eclas . . . feib dosrora [i]nn int ardrí, | uas cach maig rodasderscaig has exalted it above evey plain, SR 4423 . dia nderscaigind hí dona mnáib aili if I should choose her (i.e. Juno), TTr.² 378 . doroisc Dubthach a chumail dím prefers . . . to me, Lism. L. 1179 . feib radeligetar (amhuil rodearscaighid, Add.) a ndaer . . . de doeraib . . . fer ṅhErend, TBC-LL¹ 422 . an lucht derscaiges nó accobrus na rétta saoghalta seach na rétta nemhdha, RC xxv 392 .

fichud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fichud or dil.ie/21995

 

Forms: fiuchud, —ad, ficheadh, feicheadh, fiuchadh, feachadh

n u, m. (vn. of 2 fichid) also fiuchud, —ad. ficheadh feicheadh fiuchadh (ó énchéill) [feachadh lochdach ón chéill sin] IGT III § 71 . Boiling, seething, fuming: atracht a ḟiuchad de (of a cauldron) PH 1265 . go mbeantaoi fiucha minic asta making them seethe often Keat. ii 5110 . tabair cúic fiuchtha air boil it five times O'Gr. Cat. 182.35 . do bheir sé air a naigén fiuchadh, Job xli 31 . for f.¤ boiling, fuming: amal choire for fichud, SR 8204 . amail tinniu i tenid cerdda for f.¤ , LL 166a1 = amail tinde for fiuchud , Dinds. 120 . a bheithir ... a bolg ḟeichidh ḟírthobair IGT III ex. 622 . amhail fhairrge ar fiochadh = quasi mare fervens TSh. 7464 . Fig. of emotions, etc.: re fiuchud na ferge, LU 6466 ( TBC-LL¹ 2615 ). Fianaig. 64.29 . CCath. 1686 . la fichiudh na férgi, TTr.² 1345 . fiuchadh foiréigneach na feirge, TSh. 1235 . fichidh dibheirge `surging of rapine' TD 18.38 (: crithir ; leg. ficheadh : crithear). i ttuinn fhichidh mh'aigeanta, Studies 1921, 75 . gan chrithir m'ḟeirge d'ḟiuchadh, 1928, 452 . As epithet : fiuchadh fairge (of a king) BB 50b38 ( MacCarthy 424 ). Cog. 140.17 . a ḟicheadh guail gheintlighe, Studies 1928, 269 .

foibdide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foibdide or dil.ie/22810

 

adj io-iā (part. of fo-bádi) dipped, immersed; (of metal) annealed: amal tinde foibdidi for fiuchud, Dinds. 120 . BB 407b29 (= fubthaide i tenid cerda, LL 165bz ). a mór-gonnadhaibh ... glēsfoibdithe, Hugh Roe 314.16 (f. 82a) .

íarndae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarndae or dil.ie/27052

 

adj io, iā (íarn) iron, made of iron: ni étaim ... techt sech nechtar in dá roth i.¤ , LU 5181. dia ndroch ernbudi iarnda, 8671 . fri teóra sústa i.¤ ... cona secht cendphartib iarndaib, 7736 - 7 . techt sech neachdar in dā roth .i. fonno īarnae in charbait, TBC-I¹ 701. indnae .i. in tinde .i. iarndae foraib, O'Mulc. 737.

1 lesach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lesach or dil.ie/29997

 

Forms: ferlesach

adj o, ā (1 les)

I

(a) successful in obtaining legal remedy : ni bi l.¤ nach suanach, Laws i 102.23 ( .i. nocha bi les og don tí bis ina suan can fasc na hathgabala do breith, 104.3 Comm .)

(b) beneficent, profitable, advantageous : apair fris, ba trōcar . . . ba lessach . . . ba innraic, ZCP xi 96 § 55 (Morann). tuae ┐ fethamlae, / do chrábud co rop lessach `advantageous to piety', Ériu iii 100 § 21. Adv. co forcetul ōgdaine / co l.¤, co lēir, ACL iii 320 § 102.

(c) hospitable(?): he do rigne failte lessaig / . . . / frisin dis do munntir Coluim, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 56.

II As subst. legal representative : ba lessach dīten in mug di alaile `der Knecht sorgte fur den Schutz des andern', ZCP xv 360 § 45 (but possibly adjectival here folld. by gen.). Usually in the compd. ferlesach (sic leg. in all exx. below): fon tuige bis i tig na mbantrebtach, ┐ fer lesach ro gabustar aithgabail uime, Laws i 140.8 Comm . anadh naíne ar an athgabail geabait a fer lesaig na mban so . . . uili `the guardians of all these women', 142.4 Comm . o bus iad na mna fein gabas in athgabail. Mas iat a ferlesaigh gabas . . . , O'Curry 685 ( H 3.18, 333 ). slan dona mnaib a cath banda . . . a fiadnaise a fer l.¤ , Laws iii 290.3 Comm . a fear-gnia ┐ a fear-leasach, v 366.8 Comm . im tinde óir a feirlesaigh, O'D. 504 ( H 3.17, 410 ).

2 mart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 mart or dil.ie/31623

 

Forms: mairt

n o, m., IGT Dec. § 96. A deriv. from Lat. mortuus? see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 195 ; or perhaps same word as 1 mart = `dead body, corpse', hence in restricted sense an ox or cow slaughtered for meat, an ox- (cow-) carcass, and by extension a living ox or cow . mas e in mil bec ro marbadh . . . m.¤ in mil bic d'fir in mil moir (of two bulls belonging to different owners which have attacked each other), Laws iii 234.8 . lethmairt in mil bic, ib. 10 . Cf. beo in mil bic, ib. 13 . ar carna mairt . . . ar tinde muici `the beef of a cow', 328.20 . dā ba marta, v 110.21 Comm. = na dā mart, 30 . mad radrachus is mes mairt fuirre (i.e. if a cow has `radrachus' it is estimated merely as so much meat), H 3.18 p. 314 ( O'Curry 651 ). rucad in Dond Cualnge . . . dochum longphoirt amail as dech berair m.¤ [dochum] longphoirt, TBC-LL¹ 2041. m.¤ gacha fichet do breith leó (of slaughtered cattle), Cog. 210.23 . a mairt gemre[i]d . . . do c[h]aithem `their winter-beef', BColm. 64. bó i ngach baile, m.¤ as gach creich (a tribute), BNnÉ 265 § 230. .xx. mart do feoil, BB 14b3 . ceáthramhadh mhairt a quarter of beef, Oss. iv 216. mairt (= carnes bovinae), Rosa Angl. 206.1 . The follg. exx. seem used of the living animal: co tarat L. fēr tri n-ogmart cach liss dó, LL 28b55 . ar mbreith . . . a n-almha et a n-indile a mbart et a mbuar, TBC-LL¹ p. 653 n. 8 (St.). ingheiltfid an m.¤ ┐ an bheithir the cow and the bear, Isaiah xi 7 .

Compds. mart-ḟeoil beef: gan mairtfheoil . . . ré n-a dáil ar an bhfleidh, Keat. iii 1053. blas mairtfheola, Eochairsg. 34.29 .

1 ór

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ór or dil.ie/33925
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ór, órdúse, orṡnáth

n o, m. (Lat. aurum) in O.Ir. neut.: n s. ór nglan, Thes. ii 294.29 ( SP iv § 3 ). ór, IGT Dec. § 96.7 .

Gold : ór quasi aur ab aurum , Corm. Y 1017. oc imfolung ind óir promthi, Ml. 38d18 . arcat ocus ór, SCC 11. doróisce in t-ór cech tinde , PH 7018. idpraid in n-ór do Dia, 7103 . mūr n-óir, SR 350. gell oir no airgit, Laws v 394.5 . i mmemraib óir oíblig, Fél. Prol. 80. brethnasa bán-óir, TBC-LL¹ 1377. land derg-óir do brond-ór brúthi, TBC-LL¹ 1880. forbrechtradh oir deirg, CCath. 4698. Éber inn óir, LL 127b10 (`E. of the [sweet] voice', MacCarthy 156 § 6 ), cf. Domnall in deg-óir, 130b7 . snas an oir gold filings, Rosa Angl. 142 § 34. g s. as attrib. in sense golden = sterling, precious : doss óir, Fél. Mar. 16. sliab óir íarthair domain, ib. Nov. 11. Fig. of elaborate art, preciosity: ní féachfaid dot ór dána, Content. vii 11. Of persons: Aimirgen . . . ar n-ór, ar n-án, Ériu iv 136.18 . ór na mban, O'Gr. Cat. 345.18 (of the Virgin Mary).

Freq. in compds., both in material sense made of gold or resembling gold, golden and fig.

(a) with nouns: ¤ainech face of gold: láech órainech remurṡlíastach, TBC-LL² 4435 . As pn sobriquet: Eochu Orainech, Rawl. 147b41 . gusan Óraineach Uisnigh, Anecd. ii 1.11 . Name of a halidom: bachall Chiarain (.i. an óraineach), AFM ii 626.10 . scrin Ciaráin an óreineach, 1072.6 . ¤arget, gl. electra ( Ecl. viii 54 ), Thes. ii 362 (orargụ̇et MS.); gold and silver ZCP xxix 101 . ¤ciste treasury : ag buain a n-ionnmhais ┐ a n-óirchiste, TSh. 5412. Freq. in late relig. lit. of the treasury of merits of the Church: oirchisde na heglaisi catoilice, Ó Héodhusa 186.6 . san oirchisde tug Dia dhi, Parrth. Anma 56.10 . ¤cró, ¤crú: g s. as attrib. gold-socketed : sleg órchrúi, TBC-LL¹ 5428. di slegaib . . . órchrúi, LL 239b26 ( TTr. 1694 ). do ṡleaghuibh orcrai, Acall. 874 . ¤cumtach gold embroidery or chasing: g s. as attrib.: fer in inair órchumdaig, MR 234.22 . bratt . . . cona eo orchumhdaigh, ZCP xiii 170.33 . ¤dath: gona srianuibh órdhaithe gold-coloured , Ériu i 24.136 . i n-ordathu, RC xxvi 48.257 . ¤dorn: claidem órduirn gold-hilted , BDD 97. c. orduir[n]d, 75 . TBC-LL¹ 5312 , 5350 . cloídib órduirnd, Alex. 12. ¤dornchar: claidhem órdor[n]cair gold-hilted , Fianaig. 84.33 . ¤dúis: pl. órdúse treasures (valuables) of gold, TBC-LL¹ 66. órdhúise .i. séoid ōrdha, O'Cl. ¤enech see ¤ainech. ¤gein: ruc Scota mac . . . orgein mor-cineadh, BB 20b26 . ¤lestar: cruth cen cheill . . . is neime i n-orlestar, ZCP vi 267 § 2. ¤nasc: órnasc .i. slabhradh óir, Keat. ii 3377. uchtach órnaisg, TSh. 1709. ¤sciath: dūn Amlāib na n-orscíath, ZCP viii 229 § 1. ¤snáth gold thread : orṡnáth, LU 6544 = snath oir, TBC-LL¹ 2028. lénti órṡnaith, TBC-LL¹ 174. inar orsnaith, ZCP vi 25.14 . Cf. diallait . . . ierna himfholach d'orsnaithe `cloth of gold', Fl. Earls 236.29 . ¤solus: as name of a drink- ing-horn, Acall. 138.

(b) with adjs., esp. ones formed from nouns: ¤altach: coeca cloidim n-óraltach, ZCP xiii 175.23 (leg. ¤eltach gold- hilted?). ¤buide: folt orbuidi, Acall. iii 5.25 . monga órbudi, BDD 91. altoir . . . cona coilech oirbuidhi, KMMisc. 319 y . fiacail orbuidhe, IT iii 96.6 . ¤ciumsach gold-bordered , CCath. 4672 , 5447 ( ¤cimsach). ¤cobadrach gold-bossed , epithet of shields, CCath. 1724 , 4722 . ¤cumtaigthe: do iarann orc[h]umtaigthi inlaid with gold, CCath. 5263. ¤gothach: briathra an easpuig órghothaigh, Arch. Hib. i 98 § vii . ¤litrech: leabhar áluinn . . . óirlitreach gold-lettered , Ériu v 76.37 . ¤slegach: mac Figaid oirsleagaig of the gilded spear, Metr. Dinds. iii 364.122 .

sochmatu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sochmatu or dil.ie/38248

 

n t, m. (1 sochma) possibility: uair . . . na fil s.¤ lib denma tinde , Alex. 962 . scerthar fria sochmattaid daenna (leg. dénma?) cecha maithiusa (facultas omnis operandi ei auferetur), PH 4670 .

teinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. teinne or dil.ie/40401

 

n , f. (1 tend) strength, severity, rigour, violence: co tailci .i. co treisi nó co calmatus nó co t.¤ , O'Dav. 1574 = teindius, Fél.² xcvii June 7 . allus tiug ar toind cen tinne | a broinn beinde bille, Corm. Y 179 . tuinde tuille truime tinde , IT iii 101.25 . ferr teinni na timmi, TBC-LL¹ 3280 . tinni na trénfher, TTr. 1292 . fo thinniu (? leg. thinne, : linne) throch `in pangs of suffering,' Metr. Dinds. iv 94.38 . cert cen tinne right without might, ZCP viii 196 § 14 . ar tenne a neirt, CCath. 74 . ba he tresi ┐ tenni roimir cach bar a cheli, TTebe 3245 . ba tenne dha dhamh n-dileann (of a fight), ITS v 176.z . re t.¤ na testa ┐ na tuaruscbala (of a description of the strength of the enemy), MR 188.z . a teinde rachus Patruic ar son fer nErinn a lo an bratha how strongly P. will plead for the men of Ireland, BCC 114.8 . Of severity of rule, laws, etc.: ar tinne ... na smachtcána sída bói occo, CCath. 484 . robói ... do thenne a thabaig so severely did he exact tribute, ZCP xiii 196.14 . Cf. cléirchín fris' tarlais tinne `to whom thou hast shewn stiffness,' ZCP iii 208.16 = SG 398.12 . Note also: tinne .i. cuileann tria na ro-thenne .i. ar is cuileann in tres fidh roith in carbaít, Auraic. 1181 v.l. Gramm. of the liquids: ruis gan t.¤ an r which is not `strong,' Éigse iii 38 § 6 . Cf. § 10 and 1 tend (c).

1 tinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tinne or dil.ie/40878

 

n [io, m.] Later sometimes f. (e.g. BNnÉ 179.12 infra), with t- forms in pl.

(a) bar, rod of metal; ingot: iar ndesmirecht ... inna tinni dogniter do dluthad ┐ timarcain, RC xxv 242.3 . slabraide trummithir tinni deich bruthdamnae, BDD² 1273 D. andar lé t.¤ de ór do thárniud 'na hucht, Fél. 132.19 . na fil sochmatu lib denma tinde iairnd na uma na airgit na oír, Alex. 963 . co n-acca sé tinni argait inti ┐ t.¤ dergóir eturru, LL 281b16 . berar t.¤ dot ór-so, Ériu v 30.20 . rocosccradh in bratan ... ┐ frith t.¤ óir ina medón, RC xxvii 284 § 40 . in t-iarann i n-a caeraib ┐ in t-uma i n-a thinnib, Laws i 188.35 Comm. cid ina tindib, cid ina tanailgib, iii 204.1 Comm. is e seo a med togbus in tinde sin, v 18.5 Comm. mor do tinnidhibh óir, CCath. 1518 . cathbarr ... co na dib remartinnib ... iernaidib, 4696 . t.¤ óir ar a huachtar, Mer. Uil. 305 . cāera ┐ tinnedha ōir, Marco P. 105 . a Ógh a th.¤ glan d'ór aithleaghtha, Dán Dé xxx 2 . t.¤ óir i gcomhdháil cáigh, PBocht 10.34 . issedh fuair ina ucht .i. tinde óir ┐ sgribend do litreachaib órdha innte, BNnÉ 179.12 . t.¤ cruadha le cothughadh, AFM iv 1292.20 . Cf. inna nephanmandi .i. inna tinniu gl. inanimata, Ml. 60b5 .

(b) mass of (molten) metal: tine .i. cáor, `the ... charge of any metal from the forge or furnace,' P. O'C. amal tinde foibdidi for fiuchad, RC xvi 72 § 120 . ar thindib taeb-derga, MR 238.8 . ? dorad C. ... bem do thinni (? leg. d'athinni) for lasad for a ulchain do E., Aen. 3005.

(c) steel; metal generally: t.¤ gl. calibs, Thes. ii 227.23 . uair doróisce in t-ór cech tinde, amal doróisce in rig inna huile, PH 7018 . do ilcinel cach t.¤ , CCath. 4729 . frisna geibed iarn ... na t.¤ do tinnib in talman, 5248 . drumlorga don t.¤ corintecdai, 5291 .

2 tinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 tinne or dil.ie/40879
Last Revised: 2013

 

n io, m. (2 tin, LEIA T-71 ) salted pig: (flitch of) bacon including the head but not the fore- or hind-quarters: tinne tri mer itir a tiug ┐ a tana .uiii. nduirn a fot .iiii. duirn a leithit 'a tinne of three fingers [2½ inches] between its thick part and thin part; eight fists its length [32 inches] and four fists [16 inches] its breadth' CIH ii 482.24 , Peritia xv 316 . tinne laime i nalt a mbonaib mer do laim fir toimsi techta iter a tiug ┐ a tana .uiii. nduirn a fot ┐ cethri duirn a lethet 'a tinne a hand-breadth [3½ inches] taken at the base of the fingers of the hand of a legal measurer between its thick part and its thin part; eight fists [32 inches] its length; four fists [16 inches] its breadth ' Peritia xv 317 , CIH ii 483.13 . amra t.¤ (.i. saille) senastar, Lib. Hymn. i 120.1 . `tinne' saill ocus méith mór, Metr. Gl. 31 § 61 . secht ndoim ┐ secht muilt ┐ secht tindi ┐ siad uile fonaigthi, RC xxiv 64 § 26 . tricha t.¤ tricha bó, LU 9583 . dam ocus t.¤ in cach coiri, Sc.M² 2.1 . ro ir dom ... x. tindiu, Ériu ii 4.16 v.l. toirg doib sé dumo ┐ sé tindiu, BDD² 323 . dam co tindiu, 924 . boin cona tinniu, H 4.22, 24 ( O'Curry 1987 ). as tine iccas la boin, no thine ordlaige, Laws iv 306.4 . t.¤ da mer, ZCP xiv 352.13 . screpall ar tinde muici, Laws iii 328.21 Comm. srub tine, iv 310.19 . tinne laime .i. bas a tiget a tinne, ii 250.22 . .i. muc shailti, Leb. Cert. 122 n. tindi .i. bacun, Lec. Gl. 329 . t.¤ sen-shaille, MacCongl. 91.22 ; 'old hard-cure' Peritia xv 320 n. 54 , 'matured' MacCongl.² 192 . erpais a athair tine sailli dí, Lism. L. 319.22 . cét t.¤ ro-fhiala | talla ann frí béim n-aéla, SG 371.21 .

2 úr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 úr or dil.ie/43210
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: úr-colann

adj o-ā fresh, new :

(a) of fields, hills , etc.: loiscther ... na guirt úrai, PH 4242 . cnuic úra `green hills,' TD 26.46 . i bParrthas na mbile n-úr, DDána 38.8 . gur chrann úr an t-athchrann éadtrom, 41.21 . a chroinn túis, gér bh'úr, do críonadh, Keat. Poems 1516 . Fig. a chroinn úir an taraidh thruim (addressed to Virgin Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xii 7 . leis an ghrian 's an ḟiodhbhadh úr, DDána 38.19 . Fig. a ḟiodhbha úr don ḟréimh ríogh, A. Ó Dálaigh xii 8 . coróin de ḟeor úr, Todd Lect. vi 66 . fige thrébraid fos forri do ḟéraib úra, 67 .

(b) of buildings and places, fair, bright : i gcúirt úir na n-abhall bhfionn, TD 36.10 . a phuirt úir na ngoirmeas nglan, DDána 68.24 . gus an ngormráith n-úir, Ir. Monthly 1919, 283.3 . san ráith ḟoirfe dob úr niamh `bright-hued,' TD 25.2 . abb Achaidh uir (`the Fresh Field, now corruptly Freshford'), AFM i 244.12 . i Lundain úir aigmhéil, TD 36.9 .

(c) of persons (a) noble, generous , (b) fair, active : (a) ionann `úr' ┐ uasal, Metr. Gl. D. 29 . ur .i. uasal, Lec. Gl. M 53 ; O'Cl. an géigbhile úr uallach `active,' Studies 1928, 69.20 . ar sduaigh n-úir ... mBreagh, TD 15.5 . do mhnaoi úir na haislinge `generous,' ML 10.16 . (of an infant) níor léir don bharrthais óg úr | narbh ḟód Parrthais an príosún, DDána 37.11 . an fear úr a shúil do shíneadh, Hackett xxxix 198 . laoich úra ba tréine teisd, Begley-MacCurtin, Introd. poem, § 9 . a bhráthair úir na mBúrcach éachtach, O'Rah. xxxv 49 . Iarla ní'l aici 'en chloinn úir, viii 13 . `inghean úr `fair,' ITS xxiv 110.10 . úr fa generous as regards: úr fá eachaibh is fá ḟíon ... úr fá ór gan suim i gcrodh, D. MacCarrth. 30.21 - 3 . (b) ar mbeith dhó (sc. man) úr re linn a bheatha, TSh. 3802 .

As subst. m.: v s.: a Ghearóid ..., a úir dhóidleabhair dhearccuirr, DDána 67.1 .

(d) applied to various parts of the body, fair, bright : an bhas úr dob fhéile um fhleidh, L. Cl. A. B. 266.23 . a chiabh ... úr, TD 40.9 . fad dhreich n-úir, 2.8 . a ḟabhra úr, DDána 19.2 . fa fholt úr, Ir. Monthly 1919, 400 § 31 . gruaidh úr, TD 25.39 . d'anáir dá ghruaidh ḟaoilidh úir, DDána 17.30 . bile búidh ... | de chuislinn úir Bhrúnach, O'Rah. xiii 108 .

(e) of food, fresh, unsalted (of meat): ūr cech nūa, unde dicitur imm úr, Corm. Y 1270 . im ur do macuibh airiuch, Laws ii 148.21 . do íosadh Odhrán sa tsiuir | a dha measgan ime úir, Ériu v 43z . screpall ar tinde muici, screpall ar muic uir, Laws iii 328.21 . co mucca úra, MacCongl. 99.11 . an t-iasc úr, Corp. Astron. 64.11 ; 70.2 . an roinn úr ba bhreaghtha blas (sc. the manna), Hackett xlii 44 . srubhán úr ... prácáis, O'Rah. 278z = PCT 495 . Of ale : olc an bhraich dá bhfuil | olc a shean 'sa úr, Measgra D. 8.15 . gan fleadh úr, Oss. iii 266.10 .

(f) of clothes, new, bright or fair : mar a bhforáileann Dia ar Chloinn Israel ... éadaighe úra éadtroma do chur iompa ┐ a n-éadaighe arsanta d'fhágbháil, TSh. 6957 .

(g) of wounds, fresh, recent : crann comhachtach na gcneadh n-úr `mighty tree of fresh-bleeding wounds' (sc. the Cross), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiii 2 . airet bít úra a letartha, CCath. 2500 .

(h) various other applications: ainmne fri cech ndaidbre n-úir unexpected , ZCP vii 498.2 [but perhaps we should read ndúir]. ac Nemed co neim n-úr `of the stark valour,' Metr. Dinds. i 2.7 . tréithe ... úra, O'Rah. xv 270 . geinealach úr an airdríogh, TD 7.49 . gidh fola úr an fholasa `though this is a fresh sin,' PBocht 6.15 . cuaird úr ḟada, TD 34.39 . an séd úr, Studies 1926, 605 . badh iomdha sompla úr ar óireangaibh `a fair figure' (in embroidery), Ir. Monthly 1920, 651 § 15 . gad úr, PCT 609 . comhla d'iarunn úr imreamhar leis, ITS xxiv 130.31 . do-rinne cathraigh ... 'na léibheann úr ghlan gan ghairbhe, DDána 41.5 . longa muinteri C. ... bátar troma, úra, inmalla iatsén, CCath. 1977 . cláir úra a gcomhlaidh ga cur | ag foghlaidh Dhúna D., IGT, Decl. ex. 1262 . drong ar spallmaibh úra ag guidhe `on cold flags,' O'Rah. x 15 .

(i) of horses, fresh, active : mac Aodha na n-echradh n-úr, IGT, Decl. ex. 540 . Cf. dobérsa tré dia na ndúl | ainim it eachaib co húr anew (?) SG 26.35 .

(j) contrasted with crín withered: auis linga .i. ur ┐ crin, ACL i 336.117 . See 3 úr.

Compar. and superl.: bíaidh a fheóil ní is ūire ná feóil leinibh, Job xxxiii 25 . ó nach féadaimsi aisce is úire | i n-íoc ar n-ósta `any fitter present,' Ó Bruad. i 92.17 . an grás achd gidh é as úire `latest,' PBocht 3.33 .

n (l) Compds.: with subst.: ¤arm a new weapon : búdh slán é ó úr-armaib, Misc. Hag. Hib. 113.1 . ¤barr fair-(tree) top (fig.): a Mhoire ... a chraobh bheatha, a úrbharr fhiar, DDána 19.1 . ¤bert bright garb : gabh umad th'úir bheart iarainn, DDána 97.34 . ¤bethe a fresh birch tree: ō rāncus sealad sīs isin tochailt frīth fuil ┐ duille ūrbethe ann, ZCP viii 559z . ¤bríathar fair word: treascartha gan aithne gan úirbhréithre, Ó Bruad. iii 2z . ¤brúcht: do-bheir bolaidh bog dreoighte ar a úrbhrúchtaibh, O'Rah. xxxviii 40 . ¤charna fresh meat : Ériu viii 122.14 . ¤chlocat a bright helmet : sciath nirt, is úrchlogad óir (fig. of a chief), O'Rah. xxxvi 20 . ¤chnó a fair nut : (fig.) tri húrchna is uaisle mogail, Studies 1925, 253 . ¤chnoc a fair hill : go roicheadar ur-chnoc Liadhais, Oss. vi 20 . ¤choll green hazel : is stúaga urchuill congabat mo bratt torom, TBC-LL¹ 4708 . ¤cholainn a fair body : úr-colann, `frisch von Leibe,' ZCP i 123.16 . ¤chrann a green tree: ar an úrchrann ttoraidh, Parrth. Anma 393.14 . meathaidh mes ar úrchrannuibh., L. Cl. A. B. 263.158 . ¤chré verdant clay : craobh chnuais do fhás a húirchriaidh, 257. 146 . ¤chride a generous, noble heart : do laoch Liathmhuine as oighir ar úrchroidhe, 147.38 . ¤chulenn green holly : co bfhuil na crand úrcuilind, BCC § 132 . ¤chuma: air na heagar ┐ ar na h-úrchuma do líoguibh, ITS xxiv 44.28 . ¤ela a fair swan : (fig.) a úir-eala, a Aibhilín (: clúimh-fheadha), Ir. Monthly 1919, 343.67 . ¤feóil fresh meat : cona betis cen hurfeóil, SR 4628 . la heasbhaidh úirḟeola, AFM vi 2210.3 . ¤fled a noble feast : a bhfeacas riamh ag P., | do úirḟleadhaibh, Oss. iii 266.16 . ¤fuil noble blood : d'úrḟuil ríogh, O'Rah. xxvi 179 . ¤géc a green branch : ar úirghéig ... an bhile, Oss. iii 154.4 . ¤gort a green field : don úr-ghort Ír seo, Keat. Poems 850 . ¤gruth fresh curds : Hib. Min. 49.6 . ¤iarann, ¤iarn new iron : gabhal trom úiriarruinn fair, Feis Tighe Chonáin 650 . an lorg-fhearsad úriarainn, ITS xxiv 120.15 . ag barredh úirierna a n-each, ZCP ii 359.6 . ¤imm fresh butter : brechtan urimme `a roll of fresh butter' Hib. Min. 49.22 . etir mescana urimme, MacCongl. 121.38 . ¤lethar untanned leather or hide : fuath-rog ... urleathair, CF 199 . bróga bréana úirleathair, PCT 105 = O'Rah. 268.22 . ¤lúachair fresh rushes : feis ar osarleabaidh urluachra, ZCP viii 550.22 . cossair leptha úrluachra, TBC-LL¹ 3586 . ra hecrait áine ┐ urluachra fóthib, 114 . ro esráit tigi ... do áin ┐ do úrlúachair, RC xiv 414 § 28 . ¤mac noble, generous son : a úr-mhic d'ḟulaing sciuirse ... nár dtaobh, S. Clárach 1012 . ¤mag a green plain : O'Dunghalaigh, ... | d'urmagaibh a buird blaithréidh, Top. Poems 110.20 . ¤máille a bright coat of mail : lí an óir ar a húrmháille, L. Cl. A. B. 98.144 . an deisi ara mbí ór no urmháille, 46.5 . ¤manchaine (?) : cenel F., tra, is la Cormac a n-urmaíncínní, BB 234b16 = Irish Texts iii 5 . ¤móin fresh turf or peat : dā fhót do úrmónaid, MacCongl. 15.3 . in dí fōt úrmónad, 20 . ¤nenaid fresh nettles : dlai do hurnenaid, Hib. Min. 72 . ¤ór raw, unprocessed (?) gold ( Studies on Early Ireland 116 ): fine Chrecraige ind úr-óir, Metr. Dinds. ii 46.21 . ¤saill fresh bacon : enbruithe n-úrshaille, TBFr. § 19 . toocht senshaille ┐ toocht ursaille, MacCongl. 117.26 - 7 . ¤scríbad fair writing : in recht ... ar na hecur ┐ ar n-a húrscríbad do laim ... in Duilemun, BB 241a38 . ¤scoth a fresh flower : (fig.) an plúr-bhruinneal bínn d'úr sgoth na nGaoidheal, Munster Poets (1860) 58.2 . ¤slat a green branch : (fig.) in úrshlat do fhreaimh F. `the green scion,' Hard. ii 288 . ¤stiall: úirstiall straipe a dhúibh-liath teangan, O'Rah. xxxviii 41 . ¤súglach: úrshughlach, `a fresh secretion,' O'Rah. xxxviii 30 . ¤thalam: ni faichter ... | ... fás áir [leg. air ?] ar úrthalmhain, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 19.33 . ¤theine a bright fire: samalta ... ra oíblib úrtheined a gnúis, LL 266b1 ( MU 30 ).

(b) with adj.: ¤ard fresh and tall : essair úrard úrluachra, LL 253b24 . ¤bláthach: aránach, úrbhláthach, PCT 771 . ¤chas fair and curly : ulcha úrchas, LL 237b11 . ¤chraíbach fair and curly : sreabh re labhra léghthórach | do ḟer th'abhra úrchráobhach, IGT, Decl. ex. 1302 . ¤chroidech stout-hearted : taoibh le fearaibh úrchroidhech, Munster Poets (1860) 164.4 . aigeantach urchróidheach, Hard. i p. 20 . ¤fedmach: léigid úaidhi in sleigh seadhmhair | go mac Oisín úirfheadhmaigh, Duan. F. ii 52 § 74 . ¤garb: arán omh úrgharbh eorna, PCT 52 . ¤gégach having fresh branches : slán ó Albain úir-ghéagaigh, Studies 1927, 89.22 . ¤glas fresh and green : go mbiodh ... luibhe iomda ... ur-glas fedh na bliadna, BNnÉ 165.31 . go mbiodh creamh ... ur-glas fedh na bliadna, ib., § 39 . é úr-ghlas ar maidin sul bheantar é (sc. the grass), TSh. 3801 . táid scaoth bheach ag túirling ar ghéagaibh is úrghlas, O'Rah. xxx 5 . ¤nocht bright and unsheathed : muinntir Fhinn na n-arm n-úrnocht, Duan. F. ii 62 § 9 . ¤oíbind fresh and pleasant : a n-oiléan áluinn úraoibhinn, ITS xxiv 94.7 . sléibhte ... úraoibhne, 2.9 . ¤thesctha freshly cut or severed : a heirscibh urtescthaibh, CCath. 963 . eirrsci omha úirtescdha, 6085 .

(c) rarely with vb.: ¤lúachraid strews with fresh rushes: pret. pass.: do hesradh ┐ do húrlúachradh in tech n-óla ar a gcind, Fianaig. 54.32 . do hurluachradh Sidh ... an Bhrodha, Ériu xi 189.6 . vn.: an tigh sin ar na eagar ┐ ar na úr-luachradh de chaonnach an tsléibhe, ITS i 112.4 .