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1 aisc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aisc or dil.ie/2470
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a.

n treated as neut. in a.¤ nDē, O'Mulc. 316 . Later f. a.¤ , aithis (ó énchéill) (aisg on aithis v.l.) f. IGT Decl. § 14 . Vn. of *ad-sech, Marstrander, Lochlann ii 213 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 621 ). act of reproaching; reproach, blame: a .i. aithis, H 3.18, p. 632 . .i. imdheargadh, O'Cl. dinim .i. mebal nó a.¤ , O'Mulc. 335 . rogapsat ic a.¤ ┐ ic tobeim . . . for in n-airdrigh, CCath. 4445 . ni ha.¤ dot inchaib ┐ ni táir dot gasciud, LU 6373 (TBC). slán imreisc dúibsi (.i. rop slán sibsi ó cach a.¤), 10240 and n. fri ha.¤ mo on, Anecd. ii 71.6 . mesci .i. mó do a.¤quam in c[h]iall, Corm. Y 916 . cen a.¤ ┐ ingabáil (imgabail v.l.) / cen écnach nach bí `calumny', Ériu iii 104 § 40 . nach díon ar éag aisg ná iomghabháil `disgrace or desertion', ML 100.18 . a.¤ for (cosc air, cosc na v.l.) fell, Ériu ix 47 § 17 . súi cech ainb a.¤ `a sage is the reproach of every ignorant person', RC xxvi 16 § 11 . ben astoigh nár chaisc do chaí / a.¤ don mnaí nachar oil é, IGT Decl. ex. 678 . ní thug aisg nach uair toibhéim `no man uttered abuse but was afterwards chidden', Aithd. D. 74.3 . 's im aiscibh nach deachaidh athnamh éislinge, Ó Bruad. ii 28 xi . ? ni ha.¤ atát tair na fir / eter Eufrait is Tigir, LL 16220 = Rawl. 77b50 (`without doubt', PRIA xvi (1884) 235 ). ni ha.¤ atá fóir na fer / ó Muir Chaisp cussin n-airther, LL 16246 = Rawl. 78a13 . béim n-aisce shower of abuse: benais M. béim n-aisce fair, TBC-LL¹ 472 . og bem aisgi for L. heaping reproaches on, Aen. 3093 . In chevilles: ní céim a.¤ , LU 2825 . nir bo a.¤ , LL 306 . can aisg, AFM i 138.5 .

In sense of disgrace (as result of a deed): Coirpri Musc .i. mo a a.¤ (.i. miaisc) indaite a bhraithre aili (he was guilty of murder), Cóir Anm. 62 . dobudh aisg ar m'fhine tar m'eisi sin, ML² 1413 . a.¤ feichemnais do thabairt ar mac degfir, MR 284.15 . a.¤ .i. foghail, O'Cl. ní a.¤ do it is not a disgrace to, one may: ní aiscc dó dretli, Críth G. 408 `he may have a d.' p. 35 . ungae i mbánbéim ... dia n-aicestar aisc 'if the insulting act is seen', Ériu lii 139 . Cf. ní a.¤ duit guairiugad frium-sa, Anecd. ii 54.10 .i. ni dliged, ZCP viii 107.7 .

2 do-ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 do-ben or dil.ie/17219
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tuba, tubad

v (*to-ben-) later tubaid, q.v.

(a) strikes at, attacks, opposes; worsts, defeats: ? erchur . . . ferais fair | co tob Macc Con iar cach gair, ZCP xii 379.9 (do-boing?). dobbeotar fair defeated him (?), LL 4908 = dobeotar, Lec. 606b22 . ni thubat a meicc i n-agid mo macc their sons will not oppose my sons (?), LL 147a43 ( PRIA xix 550 § 36 ). Usually trans. (some of the foll. should perh. be referred to next section): o rotubastar Cesair `since C. had attacked', CCath. 3779 . fer nār tubadh a dteagmáil who was never worsted in encounter, ZCP ii 342 . fead na tuaithe nár thubadh, Hy Fiach. 246 . cablach nar tubadh, Caithr. CC 37 . ben nar tubad dealba ac dāim, Lec. 364b 40 . fa sciathaib nar tubad dath whose hue was never dimmed (?), 398a37 . Tuathal Teachtmhar nar tubhadh, Content. xvi 162 . ba heisidhe laithe thoisiuch in rotubadh a ttreisi, Hugh Roe 258 . an fear nach clechtann cath | nach tubhtar asa tosach who is not worsted at the outset (?), Ériu iv 214 .

(b) reproaches, taunts (with). With accus. of thing and FRI (or other prep.) of pers.: féige ní thuband fri ní, Otia i 120 n. 3 . tobbie frie a imthechta fobíth Ulad ┐ athar cast in her teeth all he had done, ZCP ix 192 (cf. x 424 ). dobí a an(a)im fria enechsom, Ériu xvi 38 § 8 . dorrubai frim eneach, TE i 4 ( Ériu xii ). arna toirbeitis a ainme (leg. ainim) ina inchaib, Ériu xvi 38 § 7 (see p. 44) (cf. Laws i 72. 29 ). da mbeith ainib bad mo for Choinculaind ised rothuibebad fris he would have taunted him with it, TBC-I¹ 2614 . rom-cháin ┐ conrubaidh (.i. tubhaidh) fri m'enech gin mháthair nó athair lium, ZCP v 523 . rothub fris a éccóir ┐ a aindlighedh fair he reproached him with the wrong and injustice he had done him (the speaker), Hugh Roe 92 . gur thubsat in macradh a braith fris, LL 387a3 . focherd i serg de, fódaig na rotubaide fria enech that no reproach might be made against him, TE § 6LU ( IT i 121 ). rotubhadh fris tláithe a fhoghnamha, AFM vi 2142 . Without accus.: rothub ri Hua F. frind has impugned us, Lism. L. 2255 .

(c) In follg. perh. simply says, declares (to): rosbói ni nochomairled | cen co labradar fri nech (cen co tobnadhur fri neuch, v.l.), IT i 97 = cenco tabnad fri nech, Anecd. v 9 (with line defective). tubh re Fer nDiadh . . . mar daleg in flath ferda co hogaib Emna a m'aenar upbraid F. D. with having left (?), YBL 336a28 . tubh dam re Fraech . . . ara focmaid leis na hogaib a hEmain, 30 .

(d) With FRI measures by (as a standard), compares with (?): cach cruthach atcíther a nErinn . . . is risin mac sin dobiter, RC xii 62 § 21 = dobiotur, Cóir Anm.² ii 45 § 157 . ba hūath fri cāch a gabāil inda lāim ┐ gach rēt ba adētchidhe la cāch dobentai frie . . . unde in prouerbium uenit `fē fris', amail is n-adētc[h]ide in flesc cui nomen fē, sic et alia ress cui comparatur (of a wand kept in burial-places and used to measure corpses), Corm. Y 606 .

Vn. tuba, tubad. Cf. tobéim .

See do-fuiben.

1 fúaimm, fúamm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fúaimm, fúamm or dil.ie/24624

Forms: f., fuam, fúaim, fuaim

n n, n. later m. n s. f.¤ n-amra, SR 3309 . fuam ṅgle, 1359 . fúaim nglan, LU 4319 . LL 150b4 . fuaim n-echraide, 6899 . On derivation see Marstrander ZCP vii 364 .

(a) a sound, noise , in wide sense of inarticulate sounds whether natural or artificial, harmonious or discordant : Is é in f.¤ ┐ fothrom ... atchuala-som, TBC-LL¹ 5072 . estecht re [a] f.¤ ┐ re [a] fothrom (viz. of the contending bulls) 6165 . nach[a] rōbda fuam in tslúaig, LU 4678 . fúam bó mblecht, fúam cerdchae, fúam arathair, Triads 146 . la fúaim na spréde, LU 6923 ( BDD 54 ). (caide guth trom ?) .i. fuaim tuinne fri carraig, Ériu xiii 36 (4).23 . co cloisind ... fúam na fairrge, ZCP v 496 = Measgra D. p. 120 . fuaim eassa na sroth sin ... ba bindi na cach ceol, IT iii 195 § 35 . fuaimm flescbuille the swish of a whip Ériu iii 14 § 8 . fúaim na .v. rann ... ac tuitim, RC xxiv 382.16 = YBL 86a23 ; cf. la fuam ... thorainn ┐ luachait, Ériu ii 138.2 . fri fuaim gemrid, Ériu vii 4.1 . a n-uaim ┐ a fogor ┐ a macalla (of the clash of armies in battle), Cog. 180.13 (a ffuaim ┐ a n-esorccain v.l.). pl. tri fúammann móaigthe, Triads 146 . fogur ┐ fúamand ... na fial sin oc comríachtain, LU 2068 ( FA 14 ). ro siac[h]t a mbresmaidm ┐ a fuamannai ... co fircleit[h]i sleibi O., CCath. 5628 . go cclos a ffuamanna ... i ccléithibh aeoir (of ordnance) AFM vi 2028.8 . Flaithbertach fúamann `F. of the shoutings' Metr. Dinds. iv 206 . teach na tri fumand, fuaim cloichi i mbrochan, etc. O'D. 2398 ( Rawl. B 506, f. 50a ). Rarely of language : mise chanus an dán, | chuirios plán is fuaim na dhiaid, O'Gr. Cat. 618.25 (`that first give the "piano," then follow it up with a burst of "forte"' O'Gr.; that conceive the plan and then put it into words ?) uatha uirthi níor fríth linn fuaim nó focal do chomaoinn, Keat. Poems 8 .

Common in chevilles : ba fúam fír, SR 6457 . fúam tricc 523 , 1359 . fuam cert, 3311 . fúaim col-lí, LU 3755 ( SCC 34 ). fuaim can meirg, LL 211a14 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 22 ). Cath Fairgge, fedil in fúaim, Metr. Dinds. iii 462 .

In sense a reproach, charge (cf. guth in same use) : f.¤ .i. tobeim , Lec. Gl. 494 . Metr. Gl. 6 .

Compds. fuamchleas ` noise-feat ' (one of Cú Chulainn's feats) RC xxix 128.3 . ¤daith swift of word(?) : flaith fechair fuamdaith, Rawl. 116c39 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 16 ; `rühmlich gewandt' Meyer.

2 méin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 méin or dil.ie/31775

Forms: mian

n f. IGT Dec. § 14.9 . Prob. same word as 1 méin; the orig. n s. may have been mian. Bent, disposition, temperament; nature, quality , generally used with adj. or defining word. ó righ Erind co n-áirdmén, Leb. Cert. 84.8 . Geminian degméin, Gorm. Sept. 16. ropa glan a glé-méin, May 24. Agatho cen tobéim | a ro-méin de rigraid, Dec. 7. Euras i nGorias, maith m.¤ , Keat. i p. 210 (poem). mac Cleopa cosin dagmein, Ériu iii 196 § 15. Finn . . . don mor-m.¤ , CF p. 75.82. neart na Muimhneach ba mear m.¤ , Content. xviii 71. gan m.¤ uabair, MS. Mat. 566.6 . bristeach a m.¤, olc a rún, Dánta Gr. xii 4 . molfaidhir leis gach m.¤ mbailbh | ainm an fhéil (= by every dumb creature?), A. Ó Dálaigh xx 11. Used absolutely: Fergus . . . co m.¤ ┐ co mergus garg, LL 137b16 (but adj. prob. applies to both nouns). roga Gall . . . do mhein ┐ d'innsoighthe `in disposition and valour', ALC ii 232.12 . madh maith do mhéin, PBocht 27.39 . ceithre fine fa maith méin, Studies 1930, 594 § 7 . dúil i méin following their bent, O'Gr. Cat. 556.16. conadh a mhein ba forlann somh ┐ Ua Neill d'aen-aonta he was inclined to think (?) that O'N. and he united would have the odds, AFM v 1766.18 . a mhéin ag aoinfhear ní fhuil no man gets all he desires, PBocht 125 § 28. budh mhein liom I should like , ITS i 36.4 (cf. 1 mían).

téll

Cite this: eDIL s.v. téll or dil.ie/40465

n (cf. íall ?) thong, strap (?): tailm .i. tellfhuaim .i. tobéim na n-iall ┐ a n-uarmanna, Corm. 42 = tell-ūaim .i. tobae īall ┐ a n-ūamann, Corm. Y 1215 . `tell' fuaim mar do glach go glan, Metr. Gl. 32 § 5 . co n-gabdáis cointéill ┐ slipre ┐ echlusca duit sechnón Érenn ` dog-straps ,' MacCongl. 107.1 .

tobéim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tobéim or dil.ie/41054

n n, n. later m. and f. (to + béim) act of reproaching, insulting; reproach, insult: bátár ... oc toibeim for Laégairi, LU 8939 ( FB 70 ). do gapsat ic aisc ┐ ic tobeim fair co mor, CCath. 4445 . Síol nEabha ag t.¤ tré thnúth, Dán Dé xxvi 26 . Agatho cen tobeim | a romein de rigraid, Gorm. Dec. 7 . tria t.¤ do thabairt for h-Elesias, LB 131b9 . ticfaid dáil toibéime úaid, ACL iii 305.2 . ní héiccen toibhéim oraibh, Cog. 62.24 . do thuilled in tobheime ocus do thormach na tarcaisi, MR 294.7 . tugadur toibhéim aran ccoimhthionol, BNnÉ 163.27 . an béal le dtabhraim toibhéim, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 15. toibhéim ní fhuair a hóghacht, DDána 6.12 . níor ghuais dí ... toibhéim oide ná adhbhair, 73.32 . toibhéim id chainnt re confadh | mar fhoiléim drainnt dobharchon, Content. xxiv 14 . tancatar can tobem cen tubaist dia tigib misfortune , Ann. Conn. 1403.7 . ní hiontugtha toibhéim choitcheann d'Éireannchaibh tré bheagán do dhaoinibh domhúinte, Keat. i 62.18 . do gheibh sé toibheim dhó féin, Proverbs ix 7 . ag siúbhal gan tobhéim ann uile aitheantaib ... an Tighearna, Donlevy 212.25 .

? uarmanna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? uarmanna or dil.ie/42786

ind tobéim na niall ┐ a nuarmanna, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 42 = a n-uamann, Corm. Y 1215 (`the stroke (?) of the thongs and their sound' O'Don., Corm. Tr. See 1 úaimm).