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1 ainfine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ainfine or dil.ie/1345
Last Revised: 2019

n (fine) stranger kindred, foreign people: ni techta anfine dith ar fine, Laws v 438.21 . ni techta . . . for-do-tuigaidter anfine ┐ micoraib, 462.4 . co berar i fine fer anfine, O'Curry 2051 (H. 4.22, 62b). amal aithaba isin fochlucht mac na mná drúithi diluither a n-ucht na hanfine, Ériu xi 48.22 . mac faosma d'a.¤ , Laws iv 256.2 Comm. dar cend [ḟ]ini tuas ┐ dar ainb[f]ini sund, v 412.5 Comm. tar cend saercheili ┐ anfine ata so, 244.9 Comm. rachaidh a ferand o fine na denann in gaire do anfine do ne in gaire, i 138.11 Comm. caogat itir geilfine ┐ a.¤, caogat itir gach da a.¤ gráidh eclasa, O'D. 756 ( H 3.17, c. 545 ). abb anfine fort a stranger abbot over thee (a curse), Fél.² clxxxv 5 . tocumlúat anfini coa nemthe nert, LU 3480 ( SCC § 25 ). mairg fhaemus a a.¤ / mairg mhórus a mhogduine, SG 373.8 . a thír, a fonn ina fine / co nach treabhdais ainffine, BNnÉ 253 § 210 . ar etualang . . . echtrann ┐ ainfini, MR 96.4 . raghmaitne tre clar Midhe / os innti ata in ainmhfhine, Caithr. CC 53 § 91 . do chur ainbhfine a hUisneach, TD 27.36 . críoch ainglidhe fá n-iadh tonn / fá riar ainbhfine eachtronn, TSh. 5367 ( Measgra D. 52.56 ). ag imdhíten a athardha ar ainffine eachtrand, AFM vi 1906.6 . Of an individual: Conchobhar magMide maith / nochorb anbfine int ardflaith, Rawl. 164b3 . In extended senses: na apstail roindarbsat . . . brīg anbfine cech īdail, ZCP xiii 16.32 . go raibh an mhuir fliuch fuar . . . go n-iomad éisc et ainbhfine `weird creatures', Ó Bruad. ii 60.3 . dár sgrios ainbhfine a hÉirinn 'he banished pagans from Ireland', Giolla Brighde 196 § 22 (of St Patrick).

ainfis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainfis or dil.ie/1353
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ainbhes, ainbhis, ainbhesa

n (1 fis). ainbhes (ainmhes, ainbhḟis v.l.) (g s. and n p. ainbhis, ainbhesa) m., IGT Decl. § 38 . See ZCP xxv 89-90 . ignorance, lack of knowledge or information: leath fiach cach a.¤ `half fine for each case of ignorance', Laws ii 52.6 . cuic seoit cach ninndligidh athgabala acht nimid ime (sic) dethbere do a.¤ no aincheas, 48.12 . cidh is fis ┐ cidh is anfis ┐ cidh is aincis, iv 228.14 . elguin ┐ toiscidh anfis ┐ eitge, i 262.2 . targud eicne no anfesa, iii 114.19 Comm. aititiu ainfesa in codnaid, v 496.7 Comm. na hiumurcruidh rucad a n-ainfius, ii 52.9 Comm. mad étged no anfes lethfīach ind ┐ arra cuir as n-étged ┐ as n-anfes, Cáin Ad. 35 . comláithre lánfíachaib fis, lethḟíachaib anḟis, Tec. Corm. § 2.19 . a.¤ lanfiachaig , O'Dav. 1404 . pa hainbfios (of a man arrested for a crime in which he has had no participation), ZCP vii 305.17 . is aire is fó anfis conatigh a ghell `that he stipulated an unknown pledge', Ériu xii 182 § 11 (TE2). a chur dom agallamh . . . on ainfhios (gan ḟios v.l.) secretly, IT ii2 111.41 . bo geis . . . don ḟilidh anfis do beith fair, ACL iii 4.20 . ni maith int anfis, Auraic. 734 . [tonn] ainmfesa, ZCP xiii 204.15 . hi n-glassaib ┐ gebendaib ┐ anfissib, Alex. 1098 (`in Verborgenheit'). ro h-athchuirid na hainfeasa, MR 100.9 . is mesea in fíada fíreólach foillsiges cech n-a.¤ do chách, Ériu iv 144.9 . do chlaochlóidh peacadh an tsinnsir an t-éolas i n-ainbhfios, TSh. 2897 . maith an leigheas í ar an ainbhios (of the Creed), DDána 15.3 . ní d'ainbhfios mealltar mac Seaáin, L. Cl. A. B. 237.1 . mince as aimhleas dí ná dhamh / ainbheas do ghabh sí ar a son, DDána 21.5 . méad bhar n-ainbhis . . . i riaghlachaibh an chogaidh, Content. xvi 70 .

In phrases. is a.¤ DO: ni anfius dúib gl. ipsi enim scitis, Wb. 25a11 . arnap anfius doib uili, c31 . robu anfiss dosom in rolég fa nacc, Sg. 148a6 . nā cairigh . . . bēs is anḟis dō, Ériu viii 156.26 . ni hainfis dúinn tra inni imarubredh forainn, BB 415a31 . mad aínbfis dono daím (leg. don dāim?) in tir in ro scuirseat a neocho, Laws iv 106.26 Comm. atá i n-a.¤ x is ignorant of x: tuigid cách an t-aighneas úd / 'n-a ainbheas go bráth ná bíod, Dán Dé ix 21 . fiarfaig a ainm da rabair ina ainmfis if you don't know it, ZCP x 223.17 . atá x i n-a.¤, y y is ignorant of x: in ni no bid n-a aínfis, RC v 201 § 18 . atá mór neich n-ar n-anfis there are many things we don't know, LL 206b54 ( Duan. F. i 29.12 ). atá ina a.¤ FOR (AR): suil raibh 'n-a ainbhios oruinn lest we be ignorant of it, Aithd. D. 75.25 . éinneith . . . atá 'na ainbhfhios ort, Desid. 7024 . ní bhia i n-a ainbhios oram / Dia's an saidhbhreas nach sirim, PBocht 57.17 . With OC: cia rét fil i n-anfis ocond fairind do-fucat in Comdid oc nách fil nách n-anfis, LU 2671 . With fo-gaib: ní foicbea anfis de 'because of it you will not be at a loss', Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 56 § 21 .

Attrib. g s. cen precept dond aís anfiss, Wb. 13b11 . urcar anfis fir hi ceó, LU 3864 ( SCC § 38 ). athgabail anfiss, Laws i 246.x . dar lem ni h-echtra ainfis, MacCarthy 406.16 . beich anfeasa . . . beich feasa i.e. swarming bees whose owner is not known . . . is known, O'D. 2316 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 32c ). ?Adv. gaibiu anfis, ibu [anfis] . . . .i. cia beith a fis ocund, cenco fil, íbthar i n-anmum Ísu in ignorance(?), Trip.² 549 .

airairde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airairde or dil.ie/1591

Forms: airarda

n (2 airde) Also airarda. great height, loftiness: is ed fo-dera . . . aurarda dia ḟult, BDD² 1221 . ras cuir imma sech i n-urairdi ┐ i n-ísli (of a juggler juggling with swords), MU² 543 . re urairdi na tonn muiridhi, CCath. 2679 . ic dianleimnech i n-urarda suas, 5892 .

anfud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfud or dil.ie/3608
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: anbod, tanfad, ainbthe, ainbthe, anfaid, anfod, anfaid, ainbthib

n earlier anbod (intens. of 2 féth or neg. of 3 féth, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 , LEIA s.v. anboth). Gender and inflexion doubtful. n s. in tanfad , LL 183a11 . g s. (or g p.) ainbthe, RC xvii 143.21 (Tig.). a s. (or a p.) ainbthe, LU 2980 . g s. anfaid, LU 8498 ( FB 35 ). a s. anfod, LU 9429 . d s. anfaid, Anecd. ii 41 § 17 . d p. ainbthib, Thes. ii 352.5 (Hy. vi). Mod. anḟaithe, O'Rah. 26.3 .

Tempest, storm: féth no anboth gl. navegantium . . . inaequalitas, Ml. 125d11 . ar cech néclind bas eslind / dom chorp co nainbthib hūathaib, Thes. ii 352.5 (Hy. vi) .i. fil co nanbthib, 43 . acht nip forlucht no anfuth (of taking out a boat), Laws iii 210.24 . for feth . . . for anfuth, 212.7 Comm. cia do f[u]air anfad for muir, v 190.y Comm. is mac ainbthe notusmairn `son of storm', RC xvii 143.21 (Tig.). fossod a tond medrach mend / mandra sál fri ainbthe hír, LU 2980 . baíthium a.¤ mílach mend, 3018 . ardomneat anfuth úar, 3019 . báite fairind mo churaig / lasin n-anfod crúaid, 9429 . talgud (= tailciud ?) inna fidbadh . . . la a.¤ tentide di cech le[i]th, Ériu ii 138 § 128 . a.¤ mara, LL 190c30 . Finnai cid lethan a loch / ┐ cid mór a anfod, Metr. Dinds. iv 306.14 . do éirigh anfadh orra, Keat. ii 531 . muir ar n-éirghe anfaidh, DDána 74.19 . do cuir an peisd an uired sin d'anfadh ┐ do combuaidhredh ar an fairce, ZCP xi 144.18 ( BCC 233 ). can tocht re gaith no ar feanfud, Cog. 182.22 . Attrib. g s. Tú mhínigheas an mhuir anfaidh the stormy sea, DDána 13.10 . ? As fixed phrase: a liuthad sodar mhuir anfaidh, SGS xviii 106.27 . go Loch n-anfaidh nUachtair, TD 16.53 .

Fig. in phrases descriptive of a hero, etc.: tonn anfaid, as í a shamhoil, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 29 . ard-anfud dond dílinne / décsiu Cerbaill chóe[i]m, RC xxix 211 § 4 . tonn is treisi anfadh `wave mightiest in fury', Studies 1920, 418.32 . a réim aithbhe dá hanfadh course of an ebb-tide in its storminess(?), DDána 92.44 . Cf. the compd. do léim tar fhál anfadhaithbhe across the barrier of a stormy ebb-tide(?), DDána 89.7 .

(b) turbulence, fury, rage in general: co ucht anfaid irgaile / re n-ocaib Ulad, LU 8498 ( FB 35 ). cosin flaith find fil fri a.¤ / i fil Dondchad, LL 4992 . cath F. / for coímu in chóicid . . . / og in t-anfad / irrubad Aed Rón is Chonchath, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 32 ( LL 183a11 ). anfadh cogaidh mhóir i nErinn, AFM ii 1024.11 . aister is fherr anfadh `a most dashing raid', Studies 1920, 418.12 . dín a Dé A. . . . / ar iffern co méit anfaid, LL 199b58 . tainic anfadh an bais chum na baindtigherna = semimortua facta est, Smaointe B. Chr. 3936 . ra érig . . . a.¤ anfóill ecíalla isna ardrigaib, LL 240a14 ( TTr. 1724 ). re hanfadh a ffercc, ZCP viii 224 § 31 . le hanfadh aigeanta, ML 128.14 . mínigh fraoch anfaidh an ḟir, TD 15.50 . íslig . . . grísnimh anfuid th'intinne, O'Gr. Cat. 457.13 . fulang hanfaid, Prolegomena 42 § 9 .

(c) In name of a weapon: lorg anfaid inna láim, LU 5596 (TBC) = lorc anfaith, TBC-I¹ 1113 . tainic in Dagdha ┐ a lorg anfaidh 'na laim, Metr. Dinds. iv 294.22 . Cf. ainbthen.

argánach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. argánach or dil.ie/4138

adj (1 argán?): tonn imramach arganach (:carnanach), IT iii 89 § 109 .

báid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báid or dil.ie/5167

Forms: báigh, bádh, bágh, bāide, buide, bagha, bagha

n báigh f., IGT Decl. § 42 (95.14) ; bádh m., § 96 (130.17) ; bágh m., § 38 (87.15) . g s. bāide, Corm. Y 878 (= bóid, Thr. Ir. Gl. 29 s.v. Munnu, buide, Corm. Bodl. 16 ). bagha, AU i 318.11 (an. 824 ). Orig. perh. not distinct from bág, q.v.

(a) affection, fondness, attachment, partiality (obj. of affection expressed by gen., FRI (LA), I, IMM): b.¤ Ulad ann `the affection of the Ulstermen for him', Stud. Hib. iv 74 § 74. rogab aen baid uili lucht na hEtaili im . . ., Aen. 1758. baidh ┐ connirchle, D IV 2, 73va33 . fam dhúthchus déunaidh(-se) báidh, KMMisc. 56 § 2. Cf. DDána 90.6 . baidh ar n-aicmeadh rer-oile, 90.23 . ar gceann báidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . tug a cheann (c., MS.; ? leg. i c.) báidhe na mban / dhamh tar ceann mo náire neamh as well as the love of women (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1220. a los báidh (: éagcáir), Content. x 10. báidh re healadhain, Keat. i 92.5 . Note also: do ghabh bágh re Manainn mé, Aithd. D. 23.1 (: grádh).

In phr. is b.¤ la is pleasing to: báidh lem chroidhe an cleas ra-niad, Magauran 4298 . báidh leam bhar dteisd ar thuir Chua, DDána 91.14 . tú urlamh gidh bé len báidh / is é ar dturnamh do thógbháil, 65.1 (to the cross over his son's grave).

ar b.¤ for love: ar Dia, no ar baid ri eclais, Laws v 128.11 Comm. ar baig no ar blait, TBC-LL¹ 2339. ar connailbhe ┐ ar bhaidh brathairsi, Lism. L. 3277. Cf. ML² 1573. ZCP viii 214.11 . ar báig ┐ chondalbdus i forithin P., LL 32275 ( TTr. 1464 ). Cf. abraid ris ar in mbaid mbunaid dul lib, TTebe 4660 .

In phr. breth le b.¤ partial judgement: breith le báidh, Content. iv 2. nach inmheasta go mbéarainn breath le báidh, Keat. i 76.46 . Cf. ní rug . . . breith mbágha `a biased award', TD 10.17 .

As quasi-vn. cách mar sin ag rabháidh ruibh, Magauran 2066 .

Attrib. g s. Benncor bagha , AU i 328.11 . brun-dalta baidhe, MR 112.3 . inntinn mbáidhe `a friendly disposition' (Note), O'R. Poems 1649. ár n-aon-leannán báidhe, Keat. Poems 524 (some of these may belong to baíde, q.v.). Cf. tonn bháidh an bhéine (bhéinne, v.l.) bráthar / báthadh féine Chláir Chrúachan, IGT Decl. ex. 1004.

(b) In some exx. with suggestion of pact, alliance etc.: luid E. i mbáigh I. . . . co comtisadh le do digail a sceoil for D., Dinds. 24. dia [gcomhaille] báidh go bráth, ML 92.16 . a sochraide ┐ a mbáidh Ghall, ALC i 4.6 . lucht baidhe ┐ bith-chadaigh, BNnÉ 251 § 206 . is iad rocengal a mbaidh ┐ a mbraithres re cele, Aisl. Tond. 118.3 . TD 26.17 . Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 6 . na Góidhil atrachtatar (sic leg.) in bar mbáigh, Hugh Roe² 130.2 . aga mbeith buain no báidh le Saxancoibh, AFM vi 2056.4 .

baithis, baithes, bathais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baithis, baithes, bathais or dil.ie/5268
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: baithis, batis, baitse, baiste, bhaistte, baithius, bathais, baithes, bathais, baithis, baithis, baithes, baitsi, baithis

n m. and f. (Lat. baptisma, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 220 ) a s. baithis, Thes. ii 242.10 (Ardm.). g s. batis, LU 2998 (H). baitsi, Trip.² 76. baitse, Ériu xx 160.7 . na baiste , Trip.² 97. in bhaistte , Lism. L. 2835. d s. baithius, Wb. 12c39 . bathais, Blathm. 170. baithes m., IGT Decl. § 38 (87.20) . bathais baithis f., § 150 .

(a) baptism; the order of baptism, the baptismal rite; in looser sense, faith, creed: cerudglanta (leg. -glante ? edd.) tri bathis, Wb. 4a6 . tre baithis, 14c19 . tris in iris fosissetar i mbathis, Tur. 43. husce . . . asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91. ro erlég in mbathais, 94 . baithes Pátraic faith, religion, Fél. Apr. 5. bathes már Maicc Maire, Jan. 6 (bathais, baithis, baithes, v.ll.). Pól i mbathis brethae, 25 . tria muir na baisti ┐ na der[g]martra, BColm. 104.22 . baithes ┐ comna, Laws iii 32.30 . o baithiss by baptism (a name), LL 371c3 . ro tréigsiot . . . a mbaithis Críostaídhachta, TFrag. 126.19 . téit fo baithis is baptised, is named: intain diagmani fo baithis, Wb. 3a15 . Tur. 55. ceni teisi fo bhathais `though he had not been given a name', Blathm. 668 (MS). Cf. in drema bui cen baitssed riam . . . tancutar chuice fo bathis, PH 247. do-beir baithis (do) baptises: ar ba Patric dubert baithis du Ch., Thes. ii 242.10 (Ardm.). Cf. nī mad tardad baithis tonn / tairthī caithis ind-úairib, ZCP xii 296 § 4.

Attrib. g s. Pátraic . . . athair baitsi ┐ creitme fer nErenn, Trip.² 76. mo c[h]enn battsi, BColm. 82.28 . Eoin baitsi John the Baptist, Lism. L. 3325. Eoin Baisde (: gaisde), Dán Dé xiii 7 . IGT Introd. 14.29 . comus ṗingni baisdi baptism fee, Hy Maine 78.7 . bond baistte (a tribute payable to clergy), BNnÉ 265 § 230 . screaball baithis Pádraig, Keat. iii 377.

As quasi-vn. oc baithis na hi Brigti, Vita Br. 2. a mbai Patraic oc bathis Lugne, Trip.² 827.

Of a heathen rite: gur chansat an mbaithis ngeintlidhe, Cóir Anm. 251 (p. 392.29) . atbert in drui triasin ṁbaithis . . ., ZCP ii 134 § 5.

(b) By association crown of the head: mullach cinn .i. a baites, Bretha § 2A . ó mullach mo baisti / go hingin mo coisi, Laud 615, 55 (cited Contribb. 187 ). o bathis coa bunn, LL 30592. o bhonn go bháthais, TBC-LL¹ p. 369 n. 5 (H, Eg.) = o mullach co talmain, text. in baithis gl. uerticem, Gild. Lor. 248. in baithes gl. cephale, 83 . benais a bricín da baithis ┐ sgáilis a folt, Fianaig. 72.30 . robuail builli . . . a mbathais an doirrseora, ZCP vi 276.14 . mo chathbarr . . . / gach én gébus má baithis / ní bia fó aithis móile, SG 248.26 . gríos beo do bháidh ar dtreise / do-cháidh tre bheo ar mbaitheise cut us to the quick, DDána 81.1 . bonn a chos ris an aird soir ┐ a bhaitheas ris an aird siar, TSh. 5758. For the phr. lann baithise the fontanelle , see 1 lann.

béin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béin or dil.ie/5570

Forms: -edh, bén

(conflation of béim and búain ?) vn. of benaid and boingid. b.¤ f., g p. -edh, IGT Decl. § 14. d s. often bén.

Act of striking, beating; cutting, reaping; taking (away): do léigfedh . . . craob chnuais gan b.¤ re bliadain (: Néill) `would for a whole year pretermit to pluck', O'Gr. Cat. 385.10. maidm do tabairt doib fair ┐ a crech do ben `recovered their prey', Ann. Conn. 1276.6 . methel oc b.¤ phupu na fínemnu `plucking the bunches of the vineyard', RC xii 436 § 42. sreabh . . . ag b.¤ a bruach overflowing its banks, Rel. Celt. ii 240.8 . a cluic ┐ a mbachla do bein fair to strike their bells and croziers (together) against (i.e. in condemnation of) him, MR 38.14 . eneclann do bein (beim, O'D. 380 ) ar na mnaib so fein `these women themselves are deprived of honour price', Laws v 276.16 Comm. b.¤ bhéime ar an mban Laighnigh taking away reproach from (?), IGT Decl. ex. 572. gilla . . . do bein na luirgi lethanaidbli asa doitibh `wrench . . . out of his hands', Stair Erc. 308. tri fichit marcc do bhein dfuasccladh ass `exacted sixty marks for his ransom', AFM vi 2226.7 . air mbein a chota d'fer frithe as `has deducted his share', Laws iii 308.10 Comm. atá i nglas a fréimh an pheacaidh / a b.¤ as is deacair dhún to release it (i.e. the body), Dán Dé xix 15 . sraenmaidm sechranach do ben asta `inflicted a shattering rout on them', Ann. Conn. 1401. 26 . ag b.¤ mhadhma a gile a ngrúaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1151. a dam ar mb.¤ barrthuisligh having caused a stag to fall down, ex. 419 . a grás do bh.¤ fheacaidh as her grace should make Him subject, DDána 59.11 . Éava as a thaoibh réidh do roighnis / do bh.¤ Thou didst fashion, Measgra D. 61.64 . ? do ni sin ríghe da réim (leg. ḟréim) / bein an líne (sic leg.) as an idh óir, Rel. Celt. ii 230.8 . gan bh.¤ aistibh iad undisturbed (?) (of locks of hair), Magauran 1526 . gan ingin rígh do leccad uatha can an cís utt do beín dí without exacting that tribute, RC x 186.6 . i ndigail a feraind ┐ a aicidechta do bein de, Ann. Conn. 1225.4 . b.¤ neith dod námhuid, Dán Dé vii 14 . níor ghníomh cóir . . . / b.¤ a hóir don ealadhain `to snatch her gold from poesy', TD 23.12 . a uili indmas do bein uad, PH 479. ar mbein a cind dí, Anecd. iii 10.7 . ro boí oc folmaisi ar ceand do beinn (buain, bein, v.ll.) dínn, Mer. Uil.² 236. iar mbein an eididh aifrinn de, Grail 3411 . iar mben . . . dō chelli dia bethaid when he had given up hope of life, LB 143a33 (see benaid). ag bein (sic leg.) forro gan teacht doib asin dunadh amach do chothughud `taunting them', Aen. 2246. bein cind fri hald (of a useless undertaking), RC xii 96 § 127. co forcluin in tonn ac bein ria ṡaluibh, Lism. L. 1948. ag b.¤ re bearnaidh `charging a gap', O'Hara 4044. ni lamad nech b.¤ fria to touch her, PH 1995. ó bhalbhthuinn ag b.¤ re tír, Magauran 2642 . b.¤ ris an amar n-ionnluid having to do with a trough, IGT Decl. ex. 767. b.¤ fa imreasa in Éamuinn `to attempt combat with E.', TD 18.36 . b.¤ fad mhíonbhois as mithidh it is time to try your gentle hand (i.e. seek your patronage), O'Hara 1955. fa bh.¤ / i dtagra nach beanann ruibh through interfering in, Content. xiv 21.

In meaning reproach: b.¤ leam, Aithd. D. 36.22 .

béo

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béo or dil.ie/5671
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: béu, béu, mbi, bii, -bíi, béoa, beó, bh, beó, bíe, beoloiti

adj o, ā. In O. Ir. also béu (note n. pr. Beuchell, Sedulius Scottus, Monumenta Germaniae, Traube). See GOI § 204 , § 206 , § 352 . n s. b.¤ , Wb. 10b27 . béu, 13d6 , Ml. 44c11 . a s. f. mbi, Laws iv 218.17 Comm. n p m. bii. Wb. 3b6 , -bíi, 3b7 . a pl. béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . duine beó, g s. beó, bh, IGT Decl. § 205. bean beó, g s. beó, bíe, § 139 .

(a) (i) as attrib. living, quick (ii) as predic. adj. alive . (i) eclás Dé bíí, Fél.² i 20. ité uiui in dóini bí, Sg. 39a23 . na heoin beoa do gabail to catch the live birds, TBC-LL¹ 1334. Crist gunig gach mbeathaidh mbi (: eabraidhi) `Christ who controls all living life', Ériu xvii 74 § 8 ( Laws iv 218. 17 Comm. ). gē dosanntaig bhetha[id] mbī / nīr tsechain Rí an alltair ē earthly life, ZCP vii 304.2 . i lámhaibh an Dé bheó (= Dei viventis), TSh. 5397. Of fire: do theinid bī, ACL iii 242 § 7. Of spring water: benaid in talum . . . ┐ tanic topar usce bíí ass, PH 1338. lively, spirited (of a combat): troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529.

(ii) céin bas mb.¤ in fer gl. uiuit, Wb. 10b23 . is cundubart leu indat bii gl. qui . . . se uiuere nesciunt, ZCP vii 482.12 ( Enchir. Aug. 75b ). an beó do thigerna ? BDD² 1519. ro hadnaiced na geill . . . ┐ siad beoa `the hostages . . . were buried alive', RC xxiv 184 § 17. madh beo na daoine, Content. xxv 8 . living, alight (of fire): ní béu cid in teni, Trip. 10.17 . For the phr. béo bocht see 1 bocht.

(b) As subst. o, m. a living being; in spiritual or mythological sense an immortal: oc ascnam tíre tairṅgiri inna mb. `the Land of Promise of the Living', Wb. 11a19 . dodeochad- . . . a tírib beó áit inna bí bás nó peccad, LU 9996. cen sa écnach nach bí `without reviling any living thing', Ériu iii 104 § 40. ar nī fírḟlaith nad nīamat bi (bíí, v.l.) bennachtnaib whom the living do not glorify, ZCP xi 97 § 59. totchurethar bíi bithbi the ever-living ones invite you (i.e. Conle, to come to the other-world Land of the Living), LU 10027. is cumma barrurim biu ┐ marbu dó in like manner he enumerated for him the living and the dead, TBC-LL¹ 4761. amail bid bēo nobeith ann, ACL iii 5.15 . do mess for bíu ┐ marbu `to judge the quick and the dead', Ériu ii 194 § 7. gan beó, gan baistedach / aram (leg. ar) bith [c]āemh cé no living creature, ZCP viii 212.15 . beo gach buainchethra, Metr. Gl. 31 § 60. In spiritual sense: créud íad na beóa ar a ttiobharthar breath ? who are the saved (?) who will be judged ? Parrth. Anma 1561.

(c) In phrases. Used with possess. pron. usually in sing.: ní col dó cid less ar mb.¤ et ar mmarb gl. siue ergo uiuimus etc., Wb. 6b20 . a beō nach óe do breith to bring any of them alive, TBC-I¹ 685. ragaid do beo no do marb you shall go dead or alive, TBC-LL¹ 1224 ( LL 8614 ). beannacht dá mbeó is dá marbh a blessing on them living and dead, Dánta Gr. 3.12 . ní suthain a mbí they do not live long, ZCP vi 261.29 . re na beo fen during his own life, BCC 33.

In phr. i mbíu alive (with gen. or possess. pron.) in the lifetime (of): nī dlegat a ndola i mbiu, Ériu vi 121 § 5. otáam inar[m]bíu / nochotacca cusindíu `since we have been alive', Trip. 140.13 . ar ropo námasom na bíu do Laignib `in his lifetime', RC vi 165.34 ).

(d) the quick of the skin: bheith ag dol i mbeó ar Dhia . . . lé dubháilcibh to cause distress to God, TSh. 2296. tairnge i mbeó (prov.), Hard. ii 408.9 . táirnge a mbeó go raibh ann do bhonn, Éigse vi 6.29 .

See argat.

Compds. With nouns: cenmotha beoalma, Anecd. ii 59.1 . -athair in leg. technical term mac(c) b.¤ -athar son of a living father, hence a son unqualified to make valid contracts: gach mac beoathur nad bi saor a chor, Laws ii 288.7 . trí nata[t] túalaing sainchuir: mac beo-athar, ben aurnadma, dóer flatha, Triads 151 . rucus rāith ar mac ṁbeoathar, ZCP xv 311 § 7. -bethu: mess ┐ beobethu animal fodder, ZCP xii 366.10 ( PRIA xxxvi (1923) 310.5 ). Cf. also ZCP xvi 203 - 204 . ¤búaid: ' sin chrích badba co mbeó-búaid (bladbuaid, v.l.) `of living excellence (?)' (Notes), Metr. Dinds. iii 372.6 . ¤chned: dire beocneidhi `the penalty for a non-mortal injury', BCrólige 39 n. 6 . ¤chride: ni minec bar mearughudh / isin brugh co mbeocraidhi with beating heart, IT iii 89 § 114. As attrib. ar da n-echaib . . . beochridi blenarda, LL 10358. lé clódh beóchroidhe bos `with sorrowful beating of hands' (?), Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 29. ¤chrod livestock: marggad beochruid bó ┐ (facs.) ech, LL 25108 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 480.1 ). ¤chruth: mic Metusalem do b'fhada bhí a mbeóchruith `in mortal shape', ITS iii 84.24 (1900) . ¤dartaid live calf: [d]ersaid bec beodartaid (beomartaid, v.l.). / mani tugedar (leg. tuigther, note) d'ilbíadaib, Ériu vii 6.12 . ¤dédail (?): Rind ┐ Faebur fegar / cen baegul ria mbeodedail, LL 20341 (untransl. Metr. Dinds. iii 272.6 ). ¤dil (leg. technical term, opposed to marbdil q.v.) animate possessions i.e. livestock: as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile: mad beodile, co n-as ┐ los ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 ( Laws ii 376.2 ). indile (.i. beo dile), O'D. 989 (H. 3.17, 853). ni tascnai fine, na orbu, na beodil, na marbdil `the live chattels', Laws ii 288.3 . ¤ḟedan: beo-ḟeadain . . . for feraib fedair `live carrying' (away on sick maintenance), BCrólige 58 . ¤gasrad: beóghasraidh `vigorous company', Studies 1920, 417. 18 . ¤idbart living offering: amal rundgab in beuidbart sin gl. uitulus, Ml. 87b9 . ¤mainchine service during life: bar mbéomaicne (mbeomainchine, v.l.) ┐ bur marbmaicne (marbmainchine, v.l.), Acall. 3506. ¤thlus livestock: fear ro ba saidhbhre i nErinn a mb.¤ , AFM iv 1128.18 .

Of fire: (?) ¤bruiden burning hostel: adcíat in daigid nduilig / 'na brainig don beó-bruidin (breó-, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iv 236.35 . ¤chaindell: fri beocaindle with burning candles i.e. clear testimonies of witnesses ( Bürgschaft 7 § 3 n. 2), ZCP xiii 20.7 . atait secht fiadnaise . . . ite secht mbeocaíndle and ro forosnad gae cach rig seven burning candles i.e. certain disastrous events accepted as evidence of his `falsehood,' Laws iv 52.9 . See BCrólige 58 notes. forath ni acair acht beo-cainneall a flaitheas . . . acht an tí dana taithnemach é amail caindill (sic leg., Stokes, Laws Crit. 8 ) mbi .i. mac flatha, ┐ ua aroile, Laws iv 380.3 . ¤grís living flame: co ro bheathaidhsiot beóghrís a seangomh, AFM vi 2054.2 . an tshacramuint-si . . . do bheith 'na béoghrís gacha subhāilce dhamh `stimulant' (Gloss.), Parrth. Anma 5122. ¤luisne burning flame, brand: ar clann Fheóraisne sa n-eachra / b.¤ i n-am debtha díbh, IGT Decl. ex. 179. ¤theine blazing fire: fúair bás ┐ beó-thenid (breo-, v.l.) `he met death in fatal fire' (viz. the burning of Bruiden Da Choca), Metr. Dinds. iv 236. 16 .

With adjj. derived fr. nouns: ¤bríathrach of living words: bennacht Brenainn beobhriathraigh, Anecd. ii 32 § 3. ¤tharrach, ¤thlusach possessed of live-stock: gnithi manach beothlusach, O'Dav. 1530.

With vnn., life-, (while) living: ¤élud (in Laws, in contr. with mairb-élud) abandoning, evading while living (the obligations of tenancy): fri beo-eludh, ZCP xiv 343 § 5 ( Laws ii 228.16 ). ¤léiciud: (of ensuring discharge of liabilities between co-tenants) sith aili no beolegud nascaither na smacta so iarsin `living deposits i.e. witnesses' (Mann. and Cust. i cxcii n. 347), O'Curry 31 (H. 3.18, 13a). ¤scarad (of the termination of a contract between flaith and tenant in the lifetime of the parties) separation during life: atait secht mbeoscartha do flathib ┐ a n-aiccillnib imis-fuaslaice[t] dligid do coraib, ZCP xiv 383 § 48 ( Laws ii 312.21 ).

As intensive prefix oft. meaning deadly: ¤chobra speech before death, farewell: beochobra Con Culaind isind ló fúair bás, LL 13845.

With second element expressing action causing danger to or deprivation of life. ¤bág: a topur na tonn táide / moambí bocur beó-báige `round which hung a threat of mortal import' (sic leg. Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iii 344.8 . ¤gletin deadly (?) combat: ba balc-gent co mbeó-gletin `mortal in conflict', Metr. Dinds. iv 188.24 . ¤marb slain: co fagbaindse a n-eltae beómarbae isnaib slébib, LU 9321. ¤chorach: flaith Dúine Bárc beó-choraig `of deadly-hurling D.B.', Metr. Dinds. iv 8.32 . ¤gonaid, ¤gonaigid wounds but doesn't kill (?), to the quick: bertatar cloic (sic) cach fir beógaíti leo ass, LU 8003 (BDD). māth bēoguin rogonae nech `a life-wound ', Cáin Ad. 44. R. do dul beoghonta dia thigh `severely wounded', AFM iv 690.3 . créad do bheoghnuigh snódh na gréine ? `what has deformed the features of the sun ?' O'Rah. 146.2. ¤loitte, ¤loittithe severely, fatally wounded: beoloiti, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 . rucad Conn beoloitide forin nGrencha .. . et sepulerunt , 1411.28 . ¤marbad act of slaying, killing: do bhualadh ┐ do bheomharbhadh to knock down and kill (viz. cattle), AFM v 1470.15 . ¤thollad act of piercing to the quick: beara . . . ré beó-tholladh bocht-anam ann, TSh. 6677.

With first element bí- see bícherb, bíchim.

béoaigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béoaigidir or dil.ie/5672

Forms: béogaid, béoaigthe, béogud, beóugad

v (béo) also béogaid makes alive, vivifies, animates: beoigidir in spirut in corp, Wb. 13d7 . is iress Crist nombeoigedar `quickens me', 19a20 . turgbhat na huisci tondaitecu na hanma beoaigheas (= animae viventis, Gen. i 20 ), BB 15b23 see 1 tonn I (c) . béoghuidh mé ann do shlighe = quicken me in Thy ways, Psalms cxix 37. brings back to life, revives; renews: beoaigter fri oethu airm irro trebsat mairm (leg. mairb) `let the dead be made to live', LU 3478 ( SCC² 275 n .). Cf. beoaighther oitiu .i. beoaighter do é i naititid, O'Curry 429 (H.3.18, 233a). do nemtibh flaithe fora mbia cricha beouighter gell `is revived, renewed' (O'Don. Suppl.), O'D. 2219 (Nero A vii, 149b). noch bit (bid, v.l.) mairb beōaigde marbcru `and there are dead (witnesses) who bring back to life dead men's property', Celtica v 94.35 . atconnarc and Beothaig beogestar dara óir who was alive for the second time (?), LL 13456.

Part. béoaigthe: (in expl. of beatus) amail bid beoaigti (= quasi uiuatus), Hib. Min. 34.436 .

Vn. béogud ( beoad, Aen. 768 ) later beóugad. act of making alive, vivifying, quickening: an tan tra dontic aitherriuch blath ┐ beogud `when their colour came back as they revived', Mon. Tall. 147.16 . in forbairt ┐ in beógud, RC xxv 252 § 37. marbadh na mbeo ┐ beoughadh na marb `resuscitation of the dead', Laws i 14.16 Comm. le beoughadh . . . Ṡéula ar n-oifficce (= reuiewing taken as reuiuing, ed., 183 § 4), RSClára 137a. do bheodhughadh re na Spiorad Naomh `animate . . . with His Holy Spirit', Donlevy xxiv 6.

berraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. berraid or dil.ie/5725

Forms: bér[r]tha, berrad

v (berr)

(a) shears, clips; shaves: berrthar . . . no is cumme dí no berrthe gl. tondeatur, Wb. 11c13 . co sebaind a folt de amal bíd co n-altain no berthá, LU 5679 ( TBC-I¹ 1205 ). co roberr māil fair cosin chloduib `cropped his hair', Ériu ii 22.2 . Moen . . . is é cetna fer no berrad i nHerind, LL 22246 ( Bodl. Dinds. 25 ). ro bearrastar mac na baintrebthaigi in ri, RC ii 197.8 . berrthar fuilt na sethrach = the Sisters . . . haue their hayre cut, RSClára 70b . a fhir ghlacas a[n] ghalldacht / bhearras an barr bachalldacht, Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 1 . Transfd. tonn . . . a tondeo .i. ar b.¤ in fēr don murbach, Corm. Y 1243. ro berrad L.L. was laid waste, SG 411.11 . do bhearr d'fhaithchibh fionna a bhféar (of greens made bare by horse-racing), Magauran 3035 . ón ló . . . bhearrfas muir do mhong (the end of the world), DDána 50.22.

(b) tonsures: berrsi Pátricc, Thes. ii 241.14 . ní bertar co tí a ord berti `there is no tonsuring until the regular time of tonsure', Mon. Tall. 137.15 . romberr P. (= ablati sunt capilli capitis illius), Lat. Lives 27 § 22. coro berr berradh manaigh fair, Trip.² 250. berrait a choraind ō a chūl (i.e. like a slave), O'Mulc. 726.

(c) cuts (i.e. deals ?) cards: ní bheárrfad cárta, Hackett xxvi 33 .

Part. mucc bér[r]tha ` shaven ', Trip. 40.10 , dá bhróig shioscaithe ribeanta bhearrtha ` well-trimmed ', O'Rah. 100.5. a los íoca an bhainne bhearrtha skim milk, Ó Bruad. iii 206.3 .

Vn. berrad.

1 bíathaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bíathaid or dil.ie/5836

Forms: bíadaid, biathad

v (biad), later also bíadaid. feeds, nourishes; supports; esp. with legal sense provides refection for: nos biathaim fri re sechtmaini, LU 10290. biatar tri .c. do cach crund, 3704 ( SCC 33 ). bīata lais co cenn mblīadna, ZCP viii 311.2 . (of Macc Dathó's pig) tri neim immurgu no bíata, Sc.M² 5. bīadsum gach tonn toraidh may every fruitful land feed me (?), ZCP x 347 § 15. mór cét nobiathad a bróin, Metr. Dinds. i 22.2 . sec[h] rombiathus romeitiss, Anecd. ii 71.5 . issed ro-da-mbiatha `this is what feeds them', Ériu ii 130 § 99. curad cróda ro biath bran, LL 17190 ( RC xlvii 309.13 ). erca (.i. immad) brech (.i. mac tire) biathais dia bir, LL 6398. ros biath Ioseph . . . / sloig fer n-Egept im Foraind, SR 3409. ros biathastar . . . sé cét dec mili, 3413 . do bhiathsad Críosd / do chíche, Dán Dé xxx 9 . biat[h]aid biadtar .i. bīathaid som nech co ndāim ┐ bīatar som 'conn daímh, Anecd. v 27.7 and n. 15 . cid formna fear nÉrind do-thaístis lat ros-mbiadfaindsea, BDD² 534. bīathaiter an dōescur[ṡ]luag ar dúinib the common folk are provisioned, ZCP viii 313.8 . buidhean ḟear le mbiathtair baidhbh (i.e. warriors), IGT Decl. ex. 814. níor biathadh libh mé (= non dedistis mihi manducare, Matthew xxv 42 ), TSh. 7151. iomdha triath . . . do biadhadh leat-sa, Keat. Poems 1544. In legal sense: ní biathfa aigh ifine na nech itir glossing ni bia o besaib mogha, Laws iv 18.7 Comm. 16. 22 . acht ma ro biathustar dama and `but if he had fed companies of persons who are entitled to refections', v 164.13 Comm. fiachu leptha for nech biathas [bid]baid who feeds an outlaw (Thurn.), ZCP xv 360. 45 n. 2. , O'Curry 2531 ( Eg. 88, 44a—b ).

Part. do cheannach damh mbíata `to buy fatted oxen', Ériu v 170.y . damh bíadhta, Proverbs xv 17.

Vn. biathad.

? bilga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? bilga or dil.ie/5893

n ag dībragud na n-iasg . . . a mesg na rian-tonn . . . dona ruadh-bilgaduib, ML² 665 `brown oars', ML 47.2 . in b. bésti bélderge-sin, Fianaig. 64.17 . biolgada .i. rámha iomramha, O'Cl.

2 bolg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bolg or dil.ie/6348
Last Revised: 2013

ā f.

balg (an tsrotha) f. (bolg balg an tṡréin ┐ an tṡrotha ┐ an easa ┐ an iomhuis do baininnsgne, v.l.), , IGT Decl. § 39 (91.17) . b.¤ ā, f., § 158 . Occas. m. in Class. verse, Ériu xl 181 .

(a) bubble : b.¤ uisce, Corm. 6. na (= ina) builg nó na dluim uisque, O'Dav. 259. ina mbolcaib corcardaib like crimson bubbles, Dinds. 59. da builg uaine inte i n-inber (sic leg.) Sabrainde (one of the wonders of the Island of Britain), Todd Nenn. 114.5 . LBretnach 77.1 . ó bholgaibh tonn `from the heaving billows' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 48.39 . Fig. a bh.¤ fichigh fionnṡroth dtréan (to a prince), DDána 92.45 .

(b) blister : `fearb' as ainm . . . do bhoilg can imshnim, Metr. Gl. 4.15 . arnaib bolcaib . . . .i. bolca finda són astoitis for corpaib innan doine gl. pro uesicis candentibus, Ml. 99a4 . co ro imfuilngiter na bolga for a gruaidib iar mbreith na claenbreth, Laws iv 16.6 Comm. leos .i. imdergad no leos (.i. lesa, v.l.) .i. bolga . . ., O'Dav. 1154. Cf. compds. infra. na drúith ┐ na glámma . . . go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 3019. no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun . . . co n-aprad-som fri Conchobar: Mebais din boilgg innocht a Ch. (Bricriu), TBC-LL¹ p. 892 n.4 . b.¤ na dhíaigh ar míonb[h]un meóir (a colt), Bard. Synt. Tr. 21.y . Note also: bradán as gach bailg don iuchraidh ` roe-corn ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 61.13 .

(c) berry; bud : bolco . . . meit chend daini, Anecd. i 69 § 168 (ICM). araill dina bolgaib pods, ZCP xxx 137.39 (Alex.). tibit fidraid .i. bolga in blatha `buds (?),' RC xxvi 32 § 152 and 33 n. 10 . cainnle na mbalg mbuan `the stalks that bear the constant pods', SG 245.41 . Various: b.¤ belc(h)e see belc(h)e. co curtar a mbolga for na srothaibh `husks' (of hazel nuts), IT iii 195 § 35. seólaidh bhar mbolcca corra / go borraibh loma Lochlann `hulls', Duan. F. i xxix 3 .

(d) boss, ball : bopulsciath . . . cona deich findbolggaib fichet findruine, LL 24892. sréin delinecha friu .i. bolga dergóir isindara liniu ┐ bolga airgit . . . isin líne aile, TFerbe 12 , 13 . go gcloich buabhaill, go mbuilg sréin, DDána 119.29 .

Compds. (belonging both to 1 bolg and 2 bolg)

(a) With nouns: tar bolgonfad . . . blāithche `swelling . . . waves', MacCongl. 85.18 = tar bocanfad, 119.37 . iar mbolc-bráen `after heavy showers', Stud. Hib. iv 74 § 77. bolgdéra móra fola, LL 13823. boilgléasa ` blisters ', Keat. iii 516 . bolg-medón `paunchy belly', Metr. Dinds. iv 140.1 . do forlionadh a bulgphocoide `pouch' (for gunpowder), Hugh Roe 172.14 . etir . . . bogha ┐ bolgṡaighid, RC xviii 182.9 (Tig.). brec[h]tar-breacad do bolg-semannaib . . . fuirri `of bulging rivets', CCath. 4723. fri gáith . . . n-errchaide im bolg-s[h]liss Márta swelling side, MacCongl. 63.9 . Nás na mboilgṡreabh mbinn, DDána 68.12 . it é . . . bolcsróin with distended nostrils (horses), BDD² 464.

(b) With adjj.: conid tarla bolgḟáen `so that he was cast prostrate', TBC-LL² 1648 . bliadain do Lorcan na long / diamair is bolclan a bharr, BB 56b33 (= bocban a band, LL 4332 ). bocnár (bolcnár, v.l.), LL 4292. cenéle dáileman: . . . bolcsrónach brocóiti, Triads 231 . belremur bolcsuilech with protruding eyes, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). bolccṡuilech, CCath. 4736. See ferbolg, menbolg.

bráth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bráth or dil.ie/6579

Forms: brách, -áith, -átha, bratha

n u and o, m. See GOI 198. 1 - 3 . Wagner, Beiträge 294 n.13 , ZCP xxviii 238. Also brách. b.¤ m. g s. -áith, -átha, no pl. inflexion, IGT Decl. § 38.

Judgment, esp. the last Judgment, Doom, Doomsday: brath .i. combrec din donni is braut .i. judex. is la brethemain din a ænur in laethesin in brátha .i. Jesu Christi , Corm. 6. brāth a bratio, ar is ed būaid dēdenach bīas .i. lāithe mbrātha. Bratiium didiu mind doberar for cend mīled iar coscar: sic breth brātha iar forcinn gnīma cāich, O'Mulc. 123. bairesc .i. forcend mbrātha, 179 , cf. O'Dav. 308. lasnahí dofuircifea b.¤ i mbethu `the Judgment', Wb. 25b16 . isamlid dorriga dia do b.¤ `even so God will come to judgment', 28 . co iar mbrath `until after Doom', Ml. 128b1 . immi co tíssat do brāth (:cāch) that led by him (sc. Pátraic) they may come to Judgment, Thes. ii 316.4 (Hy. ii). donnesmart i mb.¤ a brithemnacht .i. arin brithemnas bratha, 322.9 , 28 (Hy. iii). dogoa bethaid no brath he chooses life or doom, LL 19069 ( Misc. Hib. 17 § 3 ). baramhail ar bh.¤ (of a futile attempt), ML 98.12 . sgela . . . an bhracha, KMMisc. 316.27 . smál borb an brátha, IGT Decl. ex. 993. ar cinn bráith (: -tráith), ex. 994 .

Legal: brath .i. bríad .i. fuigheall. ┐ fuigheall on mbreithir brath, O'Cl. b.¤ Cai Judgment of Cae (name of a mythical lawgiver, see Laws i 20 f. Introd. to Senchus Mór), a legal precept , O'Mulc. 125 cited infra; hence law inherent in such a precept, customary law ( Bürgschaft 75.16 ): ba Cai ba breithem laisin luingius uile (sc. luinges macc Míled). Inde dicitur Brethcath no brath Cai . . . brath amh inn cach brethi . . . amuil asberur brath . . . don brath deighinuigh beirius Dia for a duile, Laws i 22.4 - 7 Comm. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi. aliter quod est verius .i. Cǽi Cænbrethach . . . nach tan bíther can ríg isna tuathaib is bráthchǽi fogniad forru fri hurradus. dia mbe imorro rig is rechtge són amail as maith lais, Corm. 7. Cf. a mbreith Chæi Chaenbrethaig, 9 s. clithar sét. nach tan din mbithe cin rí is na hib (sic) tuathaib is brácai fogni eturra fria urradus dia mbe imorro, ri is rechtgi son amail is maith lais is aire din isberar Cae caoinbrethach de fo bith it bretha rachta no beri, O'Curry 2278 ( Eg. 88, 20bb ). brathcae .i. breth .i. aithgin ae .i. dire, 2757 (81a1), O'Dav. 244. brathchai .i. bretho Cai, ainm aicepta bēlri, O'Mulc. 125. amail isbeir a mBrathchae: anad cach athgabala, etc., Laws i 210.28 . it cetheora urrathas docuisin: urrathas bratha cai, ┐ urrathas cana, ┐ aurrathas cairdi, ┐ aurrathas fri neimtiu, 260.14 .i. a cin a brethemh[n]acht Cai Cainbrethaidh urris .i. is fair aratus a cin is in riaghuil, 274. 29 Comm. it cetheora arag fristobngiter na ceithri aurathais; aithgabail fri brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain, aitire fri cairddi, gell fri neimthiu, 260.16 (see Bürgschaft loc. cit.). See Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 195 - 199 , ZCP xxxi 39 , Celtica x 51 .

In phrr. día (lá) brátha, see 3 día, : fri laa brátha gl. ad iudicium, Wb. 29a28 . cu llae .m.brátho, Thes. ii 239.14 (Ardm.). b.¤ bennachtan a sentence of blessing (precise application in TBC not clear): bia foind animsin co roseacha brāth bennacht ( bennachtan, LU 6100 ) fort, TBC-I¹ 1629 (Cú Ch. to the Morrígu). dombertsom brāth bennachtan furi, 1752 = b.¤ bennachtan, LU 6254. is é brath forgell (compound bráthḟ. ?) bennachtan Domnaill . . . ro briathraigestar as á bheol `it was in reality the influence of the blessing of . . . D.', etc. MR 298.8 .

In adverbial phr. co b.¤ , co dé mbrátha (see 3 día) till Doomsday, for ever; in neg. sentence never: cech nóeb bói, fil, bías / co b.¤ . . . `up to Doom', Fél. Ep. 290. méraid co dé ṁbratha (: rrátha), Prol. 174. adopart Áed aidacht . . . du P. cu bb.¤ , Thes. ii 242.19 (Ardm.). co brāch nō īar mbrāch, ZCP x 345.2 . ni ba fer dam-sa co brach thú, vi 34.6 . 'na ainbheas go b.¤ ná bíod let them never be ignorant of it, Dán Dé ix 21 . co dtī an brāth, ML² 163.

In wider sense doom, destruction: brath .i. milleadh, O'Cl. ō thuc b.¤ do Ch. `dealt doom to C.', Hail Brigit 5 . is bēimm do brāth (: āth) ma robīth destruction (Meyer), Bruchst. i 55 § 123 ; AFM ii 648.24 . co mbi brāth do thúathaib ┐ do ecailsib `ruin to peoples and churches', Ériu i 218 § 3. brāth for buidne (of a warrior), TBC-I¹ 353. b.¤ ┐ digal, LL 32665 ( TTr. 1873 ). fá díothúghadh deagh-dhaoine . . . an brath céad ┐ ceann ┐ colann `the loss in men', etc. ML 130.25 . daíg ni b.¤ dar brúach, LL 10333. an brath tar bruachaibh `the (man of) destruction over the border', CF 307.

Attrib. g s.: tene bratha `the fire of Doomsday', Mon. Tall. 129.37 . In vague general meaning great, terrible, awful: blascbeim brátha (in collision of fighting bulls), LL 12372. tonn bhrátha an talmhan ar troimnimh (of Vikings), SGS iv 66 § 28.

Compds. With nouns and verbal nouns: aga buaidred, ┐ aga bhrath-aimsiugad, MR 268.30 . brath-airlech na mbuiden, 238.9 . bráithbemenna mára deadly blows, LU 10459. bar a bráthbalcbemmennaib, LL 107846 (TBC). o brathbuilleadaib mora mileta `lethal blows', TTebe 2531 . noco cumgaid . . . a aisneis in brathlai bodba dorocair ar lar na Troi day of doom, BB 444b4 . in brathlecc bidbad, LL 8220 `the des- tructive stone of enemies' (sc. Fergus), TBC-LL² 657 . ro fotraicsidar . . . an mbrathluirg `the lethal club', TTebe 1003 . U. cona brathsluagaib `destructive horde', Caithr. Thoirdh. 45.17 . cona bhrathsocraite, 49.34 . leis an mbráith-theine with the fire of Doom, TSh. 4003.

With adjj. derived from nouns: beithir . . . braithbéimniuch, MR 278.25 . braithbheartach .i. mórbhuilleach, no móirbhriathrach, O'Cl. buarach brath-bodb[d]a `mighty', MR 296.10 . mac Aeda bratbuillig (sic) `warlike', 292.11 . a bráthbullig Midi (subst.), LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). buidni brathgonacha, ZCP xxx 114.31 .

bruach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruach or dil.ie/7041
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bruäch, bruaichi, brúach, brúagh

n o, [n.] (3 brú) a s. bruäch, SR 7942. g. du. dā mbrūäch, Fianaig. 10.3 . Note also n p. bruaichi, TTebe 1801 . brúach m., IGT Decl. § 75. brúagh, n s. and d s., ex. 1575 , is a proscribed form. edge, brink; margin; bank, shore, border: b.¤ gl. margo, Sg. 61a11 , Ir. Gl. 947. bonnbach .i. bónd b.¤, iter bónd ┐ b.¤ bís, Corm. 22. iall . . . tri bruac[h] (bruan, v.l.) na seichi beos ┐ triasan asai `through the border of the hide' (on a bed) Ériu v 32.30 . re b.¤ mo phill, O'Gr. Cat. 453.30. brëo fri brūach `against a (shield-)rim', Ériu xx 192 § 1. dar brúach ṁbaire, LL 8333 `over the goal' on playing-field, TBC-LL² 773 . a hocht a mb.¤ dess in adnacthi `eight (lamps) to the right of the sepulchre', ZCP xvii 228.18 . for brúach in topair, Trip.² 1069. i mbrúch na haband, Fraech 192 . i mbruuch, 195 . fo brúch a bláth-buird `under the marge of its . . . bank', Metr. Dinds. iii 260.14 . Bóand do bruinni ar mbrúich braiss, 30.25 . Loch H. . . . ┐ bruacha arda [ime], Todd Nenn. 116.5 . ferais in tonn frisin m-b.¤ shore, MacCarthy 400.5 . álaind do brúach, do braine (to a stronghold), Metr. Dinds. iii 96.5 . ós brúachaib Carmuin `over the borders of . . . C.`, 12.10 . a thaibhgheoir bhruaigh Bhóroimhe (i.e. Mumha, Notes), O'Hara 1352. flaitheas Bréithne an bhrúaigh aoíbhinn, O'R. Poems 1610. a mbarr chleath bhrúigh bháinṠionna, IGT Decl. ex. 1586. la na mb.¤ ndub `day of the Black Borders', Ann. Conn. 1408.14 `the name of some day of mourning,' AFM iv 796.2 note. go gcuirfe an choir . . . / sruth an chígh ós chionn a bhrúigh will make the breast (of the Virgin) overflow, DDána 31.27 . coiccettal na ccuach . . . / ar b.¤ samhraidh, Reeves Ad. 274.21 . co bruac mbratha till brink of doom, BB 429b15 . dáig ni bráth dar b.¤ , LL 10333 (Táin 2893). da roibh bruacha na cneidhi gan at edges of the wound, Irish Texts v 4.5 .

Compds. With nouns: dogniat étaige . . . don bruachoirbir bís for duillib na crand (`moss', Manners and Customs iii 330 ), Alex. 613 = brutair, ZCP xxx 126.11 . a Bruachairne (n. loc.), RC xiv 426 § 46. isin mbruach-deredh ` rear' (of army, troops), Caithr. Thoirdh. 74.28 . go bruaichimlibh B., AFM vi 2148.9 . With adjj. and adjj. derived from nouns: do chrích B. bruachairdi, SG 70.18 . Brí Bruachbrecc (n. pr.), RC xlvii 292.16 , cf. Dinds. 126. don abhainn ina buindeadhaibh . . . bruachbristeacha, TBC St. 3238. all bruach-dhubh (tighe ifeirn), TSh. 6182 (in citation). cúirte bruachnochta `courts stripped bare', O'Gr. Cat. 452.9. a hóis phóigmhilis bhruaichtheirc bhláith of her . . . finely-drawn . . . mouth, Hackett² li 41. With part. gorbo bristi . . . bruach-rēbtha airm, ML² 267.

búadarthae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búadarthae or dil.ie/7203

Forms: búaidertha, buaidirthi

io, iā part. of búaidrid. Also búaidertha.

(a) troubled, confused, disturbed, tormented: it [t]orsig . . . ┐ it búadartha (sic leg.) na pecdaig, LU 2070 (FA). ro bo . . . bailedhach buadhartha, O'Dav. 297. na sluaig bristi buaidirthi, TTebe 964 . tonn sceóil brégi buaiderthi a wave of false and confused (?) report, Ériu iv 214 § 7. go raib a spiorad buaideartha, Gen. xli 8. Adv. co bristi buaidirthi , TTebe 952 .

(b) Of water, etc. turbid, muddy: din tsruth buadarthu gl. de turbulento riuo, Ml. 2b3 . combo buadartha in t-áth día chacc, LU 6076 (TBC). i n-athaib buaderthaib, LL 13794. dona deochaib buaideartha reamra millsi = turbidos, RSláinte 1142. fual derg ard ina dath ┐ buaiderta ina folud, Rosa Angl. 14.20 (turbulosa, 23 K 42 , 129.19 ). uair derg, uair glas, uair búaiderta ┐ uair ele tiugh (a well), Maund. 103. an uair bis in aimsir co fliuch buaiderta ag techt = ante pluvias et tempora turbida, Rosa Angl. 328.20 .

cach, cech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cach, cech or dil.ie/7528
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cach, cech, cach, gach, gech, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cach, cech

pronominal adj. prec. noun each, every, all , unstressed form of cách. See GOI 33 , 310 - 11 . In Wb. and Sg. usually cach. in Ml. cech ( cech, Wb. 1c18 , 2a22 , 3d30 , 4a2 , 5c20 (chech), 6b1 , 21a14 , 33c8 , 34a2 , Sg. 190a3 . cach, Ml. 19c1 , 22b1 , 24c9 , 35b10 , 51d3 , 92d12 , 111a5 etc.). In later lang. gach, see GOI 111 . gech, Celtica iv 28.396 . Not itself lenited ( GOI 141 ), but does not prevent mutation of follg. word. g s f. cacha, cecha (see below) geminates on evidence of later lang., GOI 151 . Follg. nasalization originating in neut. and a s. spreads to other grammatical contexts: amru cach n-ārmaig, SR (Greene) 3770 . ba amru cech n-ail, SR (Greene) 4513 . ba ferr cech ndáil, SR (Greene) 7125 . a mbreath gach nduine, TD 34.9 . gach n-oidhche, DDána 98.3 . See MU² xxxi .

Uninflected in sg. except g s f. cacha, cecha (below); rarely in other cases. g s n. drécht caich ceniúil, Wb. 5c3 . g s f. cecha cathrach, Ml. 53d6 . cecha soinmige, 56b22 . cacha frithare, 111a5 . cacha dúlo, Wb. 13b28 . cacha rainne, Sg. 26b9 . cacha áirme, 198a14 . cache oxile, Thes. ii 255.4 . cacha hairge, Anecd. i 1.9 ( SCano 9 ). cachae tremsi, Mon. Tall. 138.3 . gacha cairbhe, DDána 99.29 . gacha mēide, Fl. Earls 88.16 . a s f. doomlacht . . . ol nais caich mbleguin, AU i 188.8 . Later also cacha, cecha with other genders: cacha fechtais, BDD² 201 . cacha ráithi (sic MS.), Críth G. 179 . cacha lestair, Laws iv 192.9 . cecha carptig, CRR 38.x . cecha huilc, PH 6166 . gacha síodha, Aithd. D. 88.9 . ilimud cecha hairm, Stair Erc. 824 . For usage in class. verse cf. bean gach fhir, bean gacha fir .c. Fiafruigheam focal gach fear . . . .c. . . . gacha, ni .c. na dhíaigh achd táoibhréim úathaidh . . . meallam duine gacha fir, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. anam gach fhir, Dán Dé xxx 4 . do reactha rún gacha fir, Studies 1919, 258 § 19 .

In pl. somet. cacha, cecha, but also cach, cech: cecha dethidnea domundi all worldly cares, Wb. 3d30 . cacha cethri, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . tri (leg. fri ? edd.) cecha oina `towards every one', Ml. 56a20 . cecha soinmech gl. affluentiam rerum omnium, 91c12 . bendacht cecha bordgal (: ordan), Fél. Prol. 275 (leg. cech óen, Stokes Gloss., but see below). cacha leth, ZCP viii 307.26 . hi cacha bésaib `in all usages', Wb. 16a27 . hi cacha persanaib, Sg. 208a11 . Uninflected: sech cech ríga, Ml. 84b1 . ó cach tharmmorcnib `from all endings', Sg. 43a5 . cach iptha ┐ gach éle ┐ gach orthana, TBC-LL¹ 3639 . In follg. appar. with g pl. Note, however, absence of nasalization (see Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. and cf. ciall iollraidh tá a ngach; dá dhearbhadh sin as .c. meallfad iad gach fear, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40. 3 ): for got cech meall do mellaib a dromai, BDD² 351 . fotha . . . cach imforran, RC xxiv 186.11 . go líon gcéad gach córughadh, DDána 74.17 . comhchruinnioghadh . . . gach ainchriosdaidheadh oile, Ó Héodhusa 33.3 .

In later lang. certain prepp. are modified before gach. See la, 1 do, i, tre and cf. leis gach bhfear, TD 9.26 .

I

(a) each, every, all : dognitis cech ndochrud and, Ml. 22a4 . is huaisliu cech duil, 25a1 . ar cech lau gl. in dies, 29a11 . hi cech dú gl. passim, 50c12 . im cech rét ru-n-ecat les, 57b4 . secech talmain, 84a2 (= sech cech). cech ṅdrochscél gl. omnis fabula, 86b3 . a cach duini gl. o homo omnis, Wb. 1c8 . foditiu cech imnid, 1c18 . fo bésad cech dachpreceptoro, 4a2 . do-feich cach n-olcc et mórid cach maith, 6a16 . is diamuin leiss cach thúare, 6b8 . i cach réit ro-hí a less gl. in omnibus bonis, 20c11 . os cech anmimm ainmnigther gl. super omne nomen, 21a14 . cach tenge gl. omnis lingua, 23c20 . cach gutae, Sg. 18a3 . do cach brethir, 161a1 . ciall cech muid, 190a3 . recachthuisiul, 210a8 . ducach belru, Thes. ii 226.23 . da gach bocht, Blathm. 40 . hi cinn cach thíre, ZCP xi 82 § 20 . etir cach salm deni trib cáocad sancte Michaol etc. , Mon. Tall. 130.24 . cech nderg . . . cach nua . . . cech ard everything red, etc., LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). dicerint omne malum .i. cach nolc, ZCP viii 173.20 . cech saer noslēma, 110.29 . cach deisel is dī dacuas, ACL iii 237 § 26 . mar cach ndeiscipal acci, BColm. 56.9 . cluned huaim chech deag-duini, Ériu iii 196 § 16 . fuli cech anmae `the sins of every soul', 96 § 3 . du gach thir, Laws iv 162 n. in cech tīr, ZCP viii 109.4 . geall gach ḟir, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . gach grádh riamh dá radas dise, Timth. viii 1918, 8 § 3 . saidhbir . . . o gech earnuil eisc, RC xlvi 226.7 . gach aimsir do-chuaidh thort, Corp. Astron. 6.6 . For phr. cach díriuch directly see díriuch, dírge.

(b) V. freq. in genitives of time, see bliadain, tan, tráth etc. and día, , GOI 159 .

(c) With uile (on follg. lenition see Bard. Synt. Tr. 95.11 ): do gach uili arm, Stair Erc. 1545 .

(d) For phr. cach aí each of them see 1 aí and cf. di cach di suidib immenetar `of each of them in turn', Ml. 26b20 . cech diib, 72b27 . cach diib, 114c15 . See cách (c).

(e) With follg. cardinal ( gach ┐ gach ré, .l. áireamh uathaidh nó iollraidh na mbéal, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40.2 ): i ngnimaib cech óin, Ml. 56c11 . cech oin, 68a13 . cach oén creitfess hí Christ, Wb. 4d21 . do c[ec]h óin bíth [hí] croi[ch], Tur. 136 . du cech óin dia chlaind, Ml. 133a10 . cech oin huaib, 34a3 . no sasadh cech naon, Blathm. 39 . cech n-ōen ronānaicc a less, ACL iii 2.4 . re cech oin salm, Ml. 2b4 . doaidlibem cech n-oin dliged, 14d5 . du cech oin erbirt biuth gl. ad ussús omnes, 128c2 . hi cech oinalaithe .i. cech dia gl. in dies singulos, 58d3 . nomen saindíles cach oenḟolaid, Sg. 28a16 . cach oinfolaid gl. pro uniuscuiusque rei, 200b4 . as gach éanaird, TD 8.11 . cech da son `two words apiece', Tur. 2 . cach di dúil, Sg. 3b8 . eter cach da asna, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). iter cech dá dorus, BDD² 282 .

(f) With ordinal: gach treas baili, Acall. 1882 . cach nómad n-aidche, BDD² 174 . For phr. cachla every other, etc. see 1 aile, and cf. Zimmer KZ xxx 69 - 71 . Note also: cach ra n-úair . . . in n-úair aile, LU 2166 ( FA 24 ). cach ra fechtas, Rawl. 149b46 . gach dara lá, TSh. 7911 . For rules for use of gach ré in class. verse see Bard. Synt. Tr. 39 - 40 .

(g) With follg. abstr. noun: cach faicsi thiced d'aidchi ra étlaitis lucht a frestail the closer it came to nightfall, LL 268b24 . cech doimne noroisidh an t-adhnacul the deeper the grave reached, ZCP viii 560.22 . gach méad dob' inleighis d'a muinntir, Ériu i 90 § 39 . gach mēide rusmair `all who still lived', Fl. Earls 246.23 . gach fairsingi bias an dorus, is usuidi le dul amach, Rosa Angl. 44.11 . gac fad teit amach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.31 . gach līnmhaireacht aimsire however often, Fl. Earls 48.27 . Cf. gach réidhteach is fearr fhéadfadsa do dhéanamh leo dhéanad é, Maguires of F. 70 .

II

(a) Freq. after negatives, comparatives, and the conjunctions amail, mar in wider sense of all, any, any other : amal as n-esrantaid cech maith `is non-participant in any good', Ml. 31a12 . is duiliu lim cech rét m'anim, 55a4 . is suacbairi[u] indaas cech tír, 62b10 . fri tige cach n-aithech gl. nulla . . . discritio inter Templum tuum et priuata aedes..., 92d15 . as mou cech fortacht `greater than any help', 114b2 . is uaísliu cach ceítbuid córe gl. pax Christi, quae superat omnem sensum, Wb. 24b4 . ni torgaitha i cach caingin gl. ne quis . . . circumueniat in negotio fratrem suum, 25b5 . fisidhiu cech draoi `than any druid', Blathm. 7 . ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill trifling matters, Críth G. 35 . amail cach nduinorcnid `like any other homicide', Mon. Tall. 158.18 . mar cech n-ethait like any bird, LL 12717 . nī faictis cach conair notēigtis, ACL iii 224.35 . sir ní as tana ná gach tonn . IGT Decl. ex. 438 . can tsroin ac cach duine dib `not one of them has a nose', Maund. 175 . mar gach ainmidi `like any . . . beast', Stair Erc. 1909 .

(b) The form cech(a) cacha is freq. with follg. vb. (usually conj. or prot. form). The earliest sense is indef. whoever, whatever, whichever (see GOI 28 , 289 ). As accus. cosmail leiss cacha orr in cara fá æscara `whichever he may slay', Sg. 12b7 . cecha taibre, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20.15 . ní dígbad ní dia uball cacha tomled de whatever he ate of it (all he ate of it ? See below), LU 10021 . cacha imlodmar cose / de bruig B. however much, Metr. Dinds. iii 204.49 . As nom. cech thucai `whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v). ropo toil Dé cecham-theirb `whatever may vex(?) me', Murphy Lyrics 34.24 (cecham teirp, cach am teirb, gachum terb, MSS.); 'may whatever cuts me off/separates me be God's will' Celtica xxiii 36 n. 40 ; 'whatever hinders me be God's will' , Sages, Saints and Storytellers 316 § 24 . nír bo léir isin mballan cacha tuccad ind, Ériu v 116.43 . cech be dhe `whatever may come', Blathm. 108 § 3 . cach be da lin however numerous they be, Anecd. ii 31.20 . cach a raba di mét a thurse tired as he was, LU 9099 ( FB 85 ). cach a bé dim airddi, 9199 ( 92 ). Perh. also in cecip (indef.), see 1 cía B (e).

(c) Later in sense all that, that which (cf. 4 a). As accus. cecha ndernai do fertaib gl. a ndorigēnai, Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). cacha ndénainn `of all I might do', Liad. and Cuir. 24.18 . adfiadatar . . . cechidepirt ind ingen friss, RC xi 442.7 . cacha ro-cesair, PH 1697 . ní áirmhim a leth nō a thrīan / gach a fūaras, ZCP viii 220.8 . cacha finnub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5759 . 'ca cuimnechad do I. cach doronsad, TTebe 3895 . cacha bhfagbhaitis . . . a lamha, Lism. L. 1308 . gach nar ghabh all he captured, DDána 64.7 . gach ar léigis linn, 84.11 . gach a n-abrai-siu, ML² 478 . As nom. cecha marbt[h]ar dīobh 'sa ccath, ZCP viii 116.25 . gach a ccurthar ann, Párl. na mB. 1174 . cach a bfuil acat i tig, ACL iii 222.7 . gach ar mair `all that yet remained', Stair Erc. 2119 .

cáel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáel or dil.ie/7578
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cóil

adj I o, ā thin, slender, narrow and related meanings in a variety of applications. cóil gl. macer, Sg. 50a 24 ; exilis, Ml. 142c2 . Of the body and parts thereof: i corpán chóel, Fél. Ep. 386 . do grúadaib córaib cóilaib `haggard cheeks', Ériu iii 100 § 25c . tonn crocnaide cóil `emaciated skin', ii 56 § 10 . condernai iachtlaind cáil truaig di, RC viii 154.16 . guaille caoile, ZCP v 222.681 (Midn. Court). for a c[h]osaib cāelaibh, ZCP viii 196 § 23 . com caol, Keat. Poems 200 . As a nickname: Cobthach cael, MacCarthy 184 § 2 . Conall Cael, 402.3 . Of animals: ilar cruma cael clenchruind, SR 890 . cona muccaib cælaib, IT iii 243.11 . cail tuirc, YBL 174a10 ( SG 80.10 ). Of weapons, instruments etc. crann caol, DDána 106.11 . a chuilg chaoil, 119.29 . dá sgiain chaoil, Aithd. D. 53.14 . cliath cael, BB 365b42 . fuillem . . . na snaithiti caile, Laws v 380.20 Comm. do bhuain iall gcaol dá chonuibh, Aithd. D. 3.22 . slabhraidh cáola con, SGS iv 60 § 3 . Of writing: na seandaine ... nac fetaid litreacha caela da legad, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.10 . ní eirgann sé caol ná reamhur neither upstroke nor downstroke succeeds with me, O'Gr. Cat. 110.25 . Of ways, paths etc.: caol gin gur cumhang an ród, DDána 3.8 . slighe chaol na córa, PBocht 4.5 . ferr in cosmail caol fodae, ZCP vii 311 § 15 (cf. coil cosmail .i. fithus carpait (a kenning), O'Gr. Cat. 91.6 ). drochet . . . c.¤ dóib ar thus he. lethan . . . fo deóid it is narrow for them at first, LU 2153 ( FA 22 ). ni cuma chael is fearr uirre (of a territory), Magauran 3054 . teacht caol ag deathaigh is dual, DDána 93.22 . Of garment: léine chaol thin, fine(?), Aithd. D. 3.4 . fer . . . / a léinidh cháeil chimhasbláith, IGT Decl. ex. 642 . Of sounds: go ngothaibh cáola cáoincheann `with the clear notes of the caoincheann', Ériu ix 168 § 43 . tabhthann caol na seannach seang, Hard. ii 238.x . guth suáimneach cáol `a still small voice', 1 Kings xix 12 . ar chrithribh caola caomhdhuan, Hackett² ix 4 . caelḟetugud na claideb, LL iv 32323 . caol .i. cail .i. gairm, O'Cl . sephain cogrinn coel ṅglain ṅgil, SR 2159 . In gramm., of consonants palatal, palatalized : dísbeagadh cáol no leathan, IGT Introd. § 113 . ag oireamhuin don fhocal bhíos roimhe bhíos an barr madh cáol no leathan é, § 149 . gach ainm iollraidh cáol ┐ a thochlughadh lethan, § 158 .

Miscellaneous applications in transferred senses: bud caol a (ar, v.l.) cumaing-ne our strength will be little, ZCP viii 207 § 39 . ar máthair nDé is caol mo chomaoin `poor my service of God's mother', PBocht 4.14 . mar ra-niad ní coimhshniomh caol / siad ar-aon ag coimhdhíol chliar `a generous cooperation', Magauran 2025 . gidh c.¤ do chrodh a chaillech few, IGT Decl. ex. 713 . an chuid chaol lesser piece, Butler Poems 111 . diet rocháol, 23 K 42, 5.21 . In phrase 'sa chenn ch.¤ : gur chuir an ceart sa cheann chaol / do chlaon leam tar a reacht ríogh `and put justice in a tight place(?)', Aithd. D. 84.14 and note. do sgoilt sé dar gceann an cíogh / níor bh'é ar ndíon is an gceann gcaol grudgingly(?) (see note to prec. ex.), 100.4 . ar ndul don mhaith san cheann chaol, LBranach 1142 `had become diminished', Notes.

Fine, nice, delicate, subtle, exact : coil ┐ cóim (of a speech), Sg. 26a10 . an chluas do ba caol tuigse so keen of perception, DDána 52.15 . naomh gan ní 'n-a ainbhios air / do ní aighneas caol cumair `makes a plea subtle and short', PBocht 14.40 . eagna chaol nar thagair go teann (of the Blessed Virgin), 2.31 . Adv. dá tuicter so co cael `if one understands accurately', O'Gr. Cat. 323.y . Of a drink: do sugh cael na n-uball fiad `subtle juice', O'Dav. 1299 .

Equative: ba cáilithir bas (a bridge), Aisl. Tond. 100.3 .

Compar.: cōile 'sa cōile, Corm. Y 262 . an té as caoile dochí an chóir `the clearer one doth see the light', Ó Bruad. i 188.x note. is caeli ┐ is cruaidhi (of sound), Auraic. 1481 .

II Subst.

(a) ní thuca in coil ngairit do not marry a short slender woman, ZCP viii 112.23 .

Usually as o-stem. (b) wattling : carr coíl. Críth G. 573 . udnocht coíl imbi, 102 . a meas ┐ a cael (products of the hazel), Laws iv 150.1 . cethri grinne . . . di choel, O'Curry 883 ( H 3.18, 395a ). a ch.¤ ┐ a mín in ḟeda, CRR 34 . a cael d'airgid (of a house), IT iii 195 § 34 . cōel fo tuighib d'itib én (of Mac ind Óc's house), ZCP viii 108.14 .

(c) clear sound(?): gáir ind uma a hucht in chroind / ar aen ┐ caīl in chind `along with the clear sound of the voice', Ériu xix 78 § 8 . caol .i. cail .i. gairm, O'Cl.

(d) narrow part of things, bodies, etc. : trí cóil ata ferr folongat in mbith: cóil srithide hi folldeirb etc., Triads 75 . im chael in chorthe . . . remur in chorthe, TBC-LL¹ 566 . da shleagh go g-caelaib a g-crann `to the narrow parts of their handles' MR 272.4 . Frequ. of the narrow parts of the human body: a chaoil, a leasrach, [a] mheadhuin, Eg. Gl. 147 . cor gerrastar coel in cuirp the neck, Cog. 194.15 . a caol na colla 'san muinēl, ZCP xiii 231.10 . a chrios do bhí timchioll a cháoil, 1 Kings ii 5 . tar caelaib corp a chéle, CF² 490 . ra ceṅglait da n-id im chailaib choss ankles, TBC-LL¹ 1923 . fuil caol cos, Rosa Angl. 28 § 11 . tar altaibh chaol na lámh knuckles, RSClára 68 § 4 . go caol gcolptha, O'Hara 4062 . gabhais . . . ar chael cruibh hí wrist, CF² 1387 . tuc buile . . . fā chaol a droma, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1674 . fa chaol a mhuinil, Atlantis iv 176.24 . fá chaol a chuim, Keat. ii 5116 . cengal na gcúig gcaol, 3474 i.e. wrists, ankles, neck. fa singe an fear ná caol con, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 4 .

(e) strait, narrow; `stream flowing through a marsh', O'Don. Suppl.: iomraiset . . . gusan ccael ccuarchumhang baoi forsan loch strait, Hugh Roe² 30.24 (fo. 9a) . caol fairrge an inlet of the sea, Beatha S. F. 2045 . iomlochtadh ar caol Locha Febail, AFM v 1788.20 . etir Palestina ┐ cóel na Siria, Rawl. 71b31 . dia roás in cóel (of the Boyne), Metr. Dinds. iii 100.13 . Ceann Tuirc na gcaolta `of the marshy plains', O'Rah. 214.x . For use in nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. Fig. tug mo chroidhe a ccáol chumhang, Butler Poems 282 `has constricted my heart`, Gloss.

Compds. Compds. where c.¤ is used merely or mainly for alliteration are not listed. In Corp. Astron. c.¤ has the sense of Lat. sub, somewhat , e.g. puisínidhe caol-reamhra, 78.28 . gruag . . . caol-chasta, 64.28 . With adjj. cosa caol-árda, ML 120.9 . E. Cael-buide, BNnÉ 312 § 1 . i ccuasaibh caolchumhguibh cloch, BS 17 . Cōildubh (n.pr.), ZCP viii 293.4 . re tíghe gach ceatha chaoil-eadraime, ML 128.27 . cailli caelfhota, Auraic. 5137 (cailf., LL 5034 ). an geimreadh gaothach chaol-fuacht (leg. -ḟuar), Corp. Astron. 64.9 . ba h-iomramh chríon-luinge, chaoil-ísle, ML 82.1 . in fear caílti `slender warm', Duan. F. ii xxxvi 35 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a Dhubh chaílbhléanach slender-groined , IGT Decl. ex. 789 . echlach ... caelchichech, YBL 177a12 . i tig . . . cāilḟinnach, Bruchst. i 33 § 75 ( IT iii 49 § 89 ). coilér . . . caelreangach, CF² 680 . tar an ccarcair ccumhaing ccaolródaigh, AFM vi 2198.9 .

With nouns: cruas croidhe ┐ caolagarthaighe quibbling, Luc. Fid. 2233 . biaidh caol-aicídeacha air slight diseases(?), Corp. Astron. 140.6 . gan caolbháidh, Duan. F. ii 138 § 49 . gur comroinn an croidhe . . . don choílbéim sin, CF² 962 . alma chōelbō `herds of lean kine', Ériu ii 24 § 5 . dá caoilbhreis of its slender abundance, Hackett² li 28 . Caelchéis (name of a harp), LL 22020 . See caílchenn. cáolchoill ḟoghadh san ursoinn, IGT Decl. ex. 454 . inna coilchomæ gl. intestinorum, Sg. 49b18 . See cáeldruimm. níor chaoileang bheag it was no narrow strip, Keat. ii 3336 . da chaelesna, Acall. 4783 . nocha caelḟal cranna / meic Coelan, Gorm. Nov. 16 . caelḟetugud na claideb ica tarruṅg a trúallaib, LL 32323 ( TTr. 1512 ). ? atriplex agrestis .i. cael feadh nó feithleog, ACL i 335 § 60 (perh. leg. c.¤ feadha). fuair a caoilḟiodh a sháith shaoir wattling (of a building), DDána 119.35 . do chleithibh ┐ do chaoilfhíodhraidh, ML 76.1 . rap imscothad chaíl chaílḟorgnama, LL 32534 ( TTr. 1734 ). ní hoireamh go caol-fhód, Dánfhocail 241 `the last sod turned up by the plough at the end of a furrow', Gloss. craobh caoilfreime `of graceful stock', Arch. Hib. i 95 § 1 . caelglais slender stream, BDD² 830 . occa ndiubhraccad . . . a coelghunnadhaibh . . . ┐ a muscaéitibh, Hugh Roe 180.23 (fo. 46a) . bressmac nad char cōelgus, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.20 . Orthanach hua Caellama, Rawl. 88b49 . a dhá caolmhala, Hackett² xxiii 36 . fa'n caelmuine `to the dense shrubbery', MR 236.1 . 'san chaolmhuir . . . scaras an Eoruip ┐ an Asia ré chéile, Keat. ii 477 . d'fhírrinn chaoilphinn chuirr, DDána 49.13 . caelsnaithi óir, Acall. 382 . isin chaeltráig, 4690 . caol-tuir (of the pyramids), TSh. 5607 .

With noun giving adj.: i bpríosún . . . caolbhord na M., Hackett² xliv 4 . ech . . . coelchos, LU 8665 ( FB 50 ). a carcuir chorcra ch[a]oilleabthadh chliabhchumhaing, Celtica xiii 40.1 . a gunnadhaibh ceirtdírghe caolradhairc, Hugh Roe² 228.18 (fo. 58a) .

With verb: ¤-ibid: 's nach ccaoilibhid cuirm, O'R. Poems 672 `drink in a stinting fashion', Gloss.

caince

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caince or dil.ie/7790
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: caínc(h)e, caincinn, -nn

n Also caínc(h)e. If Murphy's emendation of n s. caincinn, K. and H. 26 to caīnciu (Lyrics 8.26) is correct perh. n , f. with oblique cases in -nn. The divergent forms and meanings may indicate several distinct words. O'Rahilly, Measgra D. i suggests borrowing from We. cainc and discusses the forms. For the treatment of -nc(h)- see also Ó Máille, ZCP ix 345 .

(a) strain of music, melody : c.¤ corr / doní tonn trom Tulcha leis, Acall. 861 `a woeful melody', SG ii 122 . ceól nó c.¤ , ITS xxiv 100.25 . laoch na gcon na gcrot na gcaoinceadh (ccaoineadh, ccoíncheadh, MSS), Hackett² xxx 111 . brugh fa ba lia . . . fa chóirighthibh ceólchaire ar chaoince (coinnce, coínnte, chaoincidh, MSS), 233 . dáin a's caoínche chláir Mídhe, Hard. ii 228.y .

(b) some kind of song-bird : caincinn gestlach, K. and H. 18.26 (emended to caīnciu, Murphy Lyrics 8.26 . See above). ceól caoince, Measgra D. 39.23 (caoínce, cainche, MSS). ní chodail in chaoínche bhras, Duan. F. i 84 § 13 . gébhthor dhó . . . / . . . / roinn ṡaora . . . / go ngothaibh cáola cáoin- cheann `shall be chanted . . . noble stanzas . . . with the clear notes of the c.', Ériu ix 168 § 43 . da choinchinn ó Chorraiffe, Duan. F. i 20 § 11 ( dí chaoínce, v.l., iii 20 ). ceól do caoíncheann (sic leg.), ii 372 § 12 and Gloss.

(c) Perh. bough, branch (basic meaning of We. cainc. Cf. Mod.Ir. caincín (large) nose) in: adracht O. ┐ do chuir in caincinn frithroisc for a lorg co nach facad nech a longphurt . . . é, Acall. 2327 (chainchinn, cairchi v.ll.). leigfidhear Caoinche ar do lorg, Duan. F. i 84 § 10 . ? Cf. n. pr. Cass Corach mac Caincinne, Acall. Index.

Meaning doubtful: fogabar . . . in ingen ina cotlad ┐ a gnus amal am ch.¤ , Vita Br. 1 (O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 346 suggests reading: amal áin cainche `like the playing of a melody': am, however, may be simply dittography of first syll. of amal; see also Bethu Brigte 36f. )

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