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ad-cí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cí or dil.ie/391
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ad-rodarcar, atchíu, adcíu, atchim, -accu, -accim, -airciu, -airchiu, adchí, atch, -accai, -aci, adchí, adcíi, atobc, adcí, asidc, -aicci, adciam, adchiam, asidciam, -accam, -aciam, atchíd, -accid, adciat, -acat, -aiccet, adcither, adchither, -acastar, -accastar, -aiccesdar, ad-rodarcar, adroarcar, atchiter, -aicind, atchíd, asitchid, atcitis, atchíthe, -aictea, atcítis, ad-cear, atcheur, -accur, -accar, -aicer, -aiccither, -aiccther, -accadar, -acathar, -accamar, adced, adceter, -accatar, adcethar, atcethar, -accastar, -accaister, -arcastar, atcheind, -accinn, atchethe-su, madattceththae, madhcethea, adcheth, atchet, -aiced, -accad, adcethe, adchetis, -accaitis, adcethe, -aiccitis, -accus, condas-chichi, dom-chich, -accigi, at-chichset, -aiccichet, atatchigestar, atchichestár, atcichead, -aiciged, acciged, adcichitis, -acca, -acca, adcita-acae, -acae, -acce, -aicci, -accai, -accamar, -accatar, adchess, adchess, matcias, -aiccess, -acus, atchessa, -aicessa, atchondarc, atconnarcsu, atcondarccaisiu, atchonnarcaisthi, ad-condairc, adus-connarcmar, adchondarcid, atcondarcatar, atchonnarctar, o'tchondarcatar, dochiu, dochim, -bhfaicim, -feicim, dochi, -ḟacci, -bhfaice, -feicenn, dochi, -acend, -fhaccend, -faic, dochiam, atchiamait, atciamaid, dochímíd, atchíthi, do-chíthí, -facthi, atcíat, atchíd, adchiad, dochíd, dochiat, -faicit, dociter, -aicter, -bhfaicthear, rocíter, nachataicim, faiceam, faicthear, do-chíodh, -faiceadh, adcíadhmais, -bfaicmís, -bfaicti, dochíthe, -faicte, -faictis, do-chear, -bhfaicear, -accar, -faccur-sa, -accara, -faccara, -accera, -acatar, -faicea, -facaid, -bhfaiceam, -acat, -faicit, -fhaicet, -feictea, atchised, -bhfaiceadh, -faicsimmis, -faicmis, -faictis, -aiciste, -haicesda, atchicera, atíchera, -aircechasa, adidracacha, atcichfe, chíchsiom, adachichisthi, atichistisi, atchichither, -aicigther, atcithsead, chichsiodh, atchichesta, chíeabh, -aiciub, -feiceab, nodcífi, do-chífe, atchífir, dochifir, -faicfe, dochífe, -aicfe, -acéb, ḟaiccbe, -faccéga, -faigfe, -faicfe, -faicfid, attcífem, -faicfeam, dochífide, -faicfide, atchífit, docífitt, -ffaicfit, atcífider, -accfither, -aicfider, dochífear, adcíthfend, dochífeadh, atchífeadh, -aicfed, dochífidís, -faicfitis, itcífea, dacitfidhi, atconnac, dochunnuc, dochonnarc, idconnarcos, -facca, -faccu, -facus, -facadhas, atchonnarcais, adconnacuis, daconncadais, atchonncais, doconncais, -faccais, -facadais, -acaghois, diconnairc, atchonnaic, rachonnaic, -facca, -faccae, -facae, -facai, -facaid, -accaig, -agaid, -facais, atchoncamar, choncamar, -facamar, atconncabar, -facabar, -faccabair, atconncatar, dochoncatar, -facadar, -acaiset, doces, doconnarcas, atcondcas, cunncus, condcas, -aices, -facas, -accas, -facus, -facessa, aicsiu, (f)aicsin

v sees. Frequ. (outside O. Ir. Glosses) at-c(h)í with meaningless infix. pron., in rel. with inf. pron. sometimes also as-. Prot. stem -a(i)cc-. In O. Ir. with depon. inflexion in subj. pres. and with redupl. future. For active inflexion in subj. see Celt. Verb 138 . In pret. active prot. forms only are found, the conjunction co n- being used where no other conjunct particle is present (deuterotonic forms occur in pass.). In perf. deut. with root -derc- and perfective -com- (ad-condarc etc.). There is no special perf. form after conj. particles. Note also ad-rodarcar can be seen , Sg. 172a2 . In later lang. ad- (at-) is gradually replaced by do- and the conj. stem acquires inorganic f-, giving the forms do-chí, -faic-, both with b-fut.. In past tense the general independent form is ad-(do-) chonnai(r)c (from the perf.), the form after conj. particles -(f)ac(c)- (from the pret.), both with endings of the s-pret..

Early forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. atchíu, LU 4535 . adcíu (3 syll.), ACL iii 297 § 46 . atchim, Ériu ii 166.50 . -accu, MU² 1011 (LU). -acciu, LU 5347 . -accim, 6117 . With ro, -airciu, 6213 (? leg. -airchiu, GOI § 535b ). 2 s. adchí, Fél. Prol. 150 . atch, IT i 81.18 . -accai, Ml. 17b17, 25b14 . -aci, Sg. 15b6 ; Thes. ii 21.37 . 3 s adchí, Wb. 4a25 . adcíi, 12c11 . atobc, 25a26 . adcí, Sg. 149b6 . With inf. pron. 3 s. m. in rel. constr. asidc, Ériu ii 208 § 27 . -aicci, Ml. 94c3 . 1 pl. adciam, Wb. 6a30 ; Ml. 16c5; 112b12 . rel. adchiam, Ml. 42b22; 112b13 . With inf. pron. 3 s. asidciam, Ml. 2b4 . -accam, Ml. 111d1 . -aciam, Thes. ii 31.23 . 2 pl. atchíd, LU 9987 . -accid, Ériu ii 106 § 19 . 3 pl. adciat, Ml. 69b2; 103b13 . -acat, 93d14 . -aiccet, LL 13853 . Pass. sg. adcither. Wb. 1b15 . adchither, 12c12 . -acastar, 25b28 . -accastar, 26a12 . -aiccesdar (-aiccestar v.l.), ACC § 34 . (See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 488 and GOI § 609 ). Note also ad-rodarcar, Sg. 172a2 . Laws i 230.11 Comm. adroarcar, O'Curry 2294 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)a) . Pl. atchiter, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. -aicind, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.84 . 3 s. atchíd, TBFr. 217 . With inf. pron. 3 s. in rel. constr. asitchid, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.16 ). 3 pl. atcitis, Mon. Tall. 147.14 (§ 52) . Pass. sg. atchíthe, LU 3452 ( SCC § 23 ). -aictea, RC xlvi 239.3 . Pl. atcítis, CCath. 873 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. ad-cear, Thes. ii 293.6 . rel. atcheur, Ériu ii 89 § 2 . -accur, Fing. R. 95 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -aicer, TBFr. 21 § 22 . 2 s. -aiccither, Anecd. iii 57.19 . -aiccther, TBC-I¹ 1556 . at-ce-su, Ériu xix 12 § 6 . 3 s. -accadar, Wb. 16d6 . Ml. 53a6 . -acathar, 68b9 . 1 pl. -accamar, TBFr. 195 . 2 pl. adced, Wb. 11b22 . 3 pl. (unless pass. pl.) adceter, Ml. 3a4 . -accatar, TBFr. 294 . Pass. sg. adcethar, Ériu iii 104 § 39a . atcethar, vii 150 § 20 . -accastar, Ml. 50a5 . -accaister, LU 6889 . ?With ro: -arcastar, O'Dav. 109 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. atcheind, TBC-LL¹ 4142 . -accinn, Trip.² 2436 . 2 s. atchethe-su, Trip.² 269 . (with má) madattceththae, IT i 144.21 = madhcethea, ZCP v 501.34 . 3 s. adcheth, Ml. 38c9 . atchet, Ériu v 30.17 . -aiced, LU 3733 . -accad, 4616 . 2 pl. adcethe, Wb. 19b6 . 3 pl. adchetis, BDD² 446 . -accaitis, Ml. 32d12 . Pass. sg. adcethe, Ml. 77d8 . Pl. -aiccitis, BDD² 627 .

Fut. 1 s. ? -accus, RC xii 110 § 167 . 2 s. condas-chichi (sic leg.: Liphi, see GOI § 655 ), Ériu vi 122 § 6 . 3 s. ?dom-chich (domcife, cotomchichfea v.ll.), ACC § 143 ( RC xx 416 ). -accigi, Trip.² 1503 . 3 pl. at-chichset, Ériu iii 30 § 10 . -aiccichet, Trip.² 1841 . Pass. sg. atatchigestar, Ml. 59c12 . atchichestár, LU 2760 .

Cond. 3 s. atcichead, BDD² 125 . -aiciged, TBC-I¹ 813 = acciged, LU 5336 . 3 pl. adcichitis, Wb. 7a2 .

Pret. 1 s. -acca, IT i 120.24 . 2 s. -acca, Sc.M² § 11 . 3 s. adcita-acae, Tur. 60 . (see Thes. i 488 n. b ). -acae, Ériu ii 222.27 . -acce, BDD² 156 . -aicci, Trip.² 264 . -accai, 265 . 1 pl. -accamar, Mon. Tall. 148.6 (§ 55) . 3 pl. -accatar, Wb. 26b11 . Pass. sg. adchess, Wb. 23c11 . adchess, Ml. 96d1 . ? matcias, Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . -aiccess, Thes. ii 253.2 (Stowe Missal). -accas, TBFr. 258 . -acus, BDD² 238 . Pl. atchessa, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). -accassa, TBC-I¹ 1413 . -aicessa, LU 10058 .

Perf. 1 s. atchondarc, Ml. 113b6 . 2 s. atconnarcsu, LU 5142 = atcondarccaisiu, TBC-I¹ 659 . atchonnarcaisthi, Trip.² 223 . 3 s. ad-condairc, Thes. i 488.23 (Tur.) ad-chondairc, 493.21 (ib.). 1 pl. adus-connarcmar, BDD² 473 . 2 pl. adchondarcid, Anecd. i 43.z . 3 pl. atcondarcatar, Laws ii 326.13 . atchonnarctar, Trip.² 1017 . o'tchondarcatar, 2641 .

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. dochiu, Ó Bruad. ii 56.5 . dochim, ZCP vi 36.12 . -bhfaicim, -feicim, Acall. 6771 . DDána 6.6 2 s. dochi, CF 790 . -ḟacci, TBC-LL¹ 233 . -bhfaice, Keat. ii 5398 . -feicenn tú, ZCP vi 56.25 . 3 s. dochi, Lec. 185rb11 . -acend, LU 3988 ( SCC § 45 ). -fhaccend, MU² 640 . -faic, ZCP vii 303 § 11 . 1 pl. dochiam, PH 8130 ; DDána 26.2 . atchiamait, Acall. 5555 . atciamaid, BNnÉ 60 § 77 . dochímíd, DDána 54.12 . 2 pl. atchíthi, Anecd. i 35.78 . do-chíthí, TSh. 2818 . -facthi, MU² 947 . 3 pl. atcíat, Acall. 1562 . atchíd, TSh. 753 . adchiad, DDána 31.16 . dochíd, 17.12 . dochiat, SG 346.12 . -faicit, PH 7740 . Pass. sg. dociter, RC xlix 9 § 4 . -aicter, Lism. L. 495 . -bhfaicthear, Keat. i 82.21 . rocíter, Marco P. 42 .

Ipv. 1 s. nachataicim, Lism. L. 2297 . 1 pl. faiceam, DDána 119.28 . Pass. sg. faicthear, 60.37 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. do-chíodh, TSh. 4225 . -faiceadh, Dán Dé vi 30 . 1 pl. adcíadhmais, Duan. F. i 10.4 . -bfaicmís, O'Gr. Cat. 508.5 . 2 pl. -bfaicti, BNnÉ 67 § 103 . Pass. sg. dochíthe, Dán Dé xi 29 . -faicte, CCath. 897 . Pl. -faictis, ACL iii 224.y .

Subj. pres. 1 s. do-chear, -bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -faccur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 4061 . 2 s. -accara, PH 4960 . 3 s. -faccara, 6006 . -accera, RC xiii 440.18 . 3 pl. -acatar, PH 1352 . With active endings. 3 s. -faicea, PH 7402 . -facaid, Maund. 261 . 1 pl. -bhfaiceam, DDána 81.19 . 3 pl. -acat, TBFr. 21 § 22 . -faicit, Acall. 2246 , -fhaicet, PH 7678 .

Subj. impf. 2 s. -feictea, ZCP vi 87.29 . 3 s. atchised, TTr.² 641 . -bhfaiceadh, DDána 37.38 . 1 pl. -faicsimmis, RC x 92.10 . -faicmis, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . 3 pl. -faictis, IT i 175.10 . Pass. sg. ? -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 (perh. to be referred to ad-guid). -haicesda, Lism. L. 2302 .

Fut. and condit. Traces of the reduplicated fut. remain, sometimes with endings of the b-fut. The b-fut. is however the usual formation. With reduplication 2 s. atchicera, Fing. R. 118 . atíchera, PH 1182 . With ro: -aircechasa, LU 6098 . ? adidracacha, O'Dav. 123 . 3 s. atcichfe, Anecd. ii 27.16 . 1 pl. do chíchsiom , Content. xxii 22 . 2 pl. adachichisthi, TFrag. 180.8 . atichistisi, LB 223b19 . Pass. sg. atchichither, LU 3889 ( SCC § 40 ). -aicigther, 6119 (TBC). atcithfither, Acall. 5362 . Condit. 3 s. atcithsead, MR 112.6 . do chichsiodh , Desid. 2147 . Pass. sg. atchichesta, RC xlvi 239.5 . (See also Aithd. D. Gloss.). Without reduplication. 1 s. do chíeabh , IGT Introd. 28.15. (§121) . -aiciub, IT i 80.8 . -feiceab, ZCP vi 85.15 . 2 s. nodcífi, Ériu viii 123.1 . do-chífe, DDána 66.4 . atchífir, Keat. iii 2800 . dochifir, BNnÉ 82 § 164 . -faicfe, DDána 6.6 . 3 s. dochífe, TSh. 1089 . -aicfe, ZCP viii 332.24 . -acéb, LU 309 = ḟaiccbe, RC xx 38.14 . -faccéga (-aigfe, -faigfe, v. ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5581 . -faicfe, Acall. 6310 . -faicfid, ZCP x 342 § 8. 1 pl. attcífem, ZCP viii 207.15 . -faicfeam, TSh. 8624 . 2 pl. dochífide, Dán Dé xxv 31 . -faicfide, Ériu v 242.166 . 3 pl. atchífit, BS 6.3 . docífitt, -ffaicfit, BNnÉ 267 § 235 . Pass. sg. atcífider, RC xxv 390 § 4 . -accfither, LL 14280 . -aicfider, Ériu ii 144 § 161 . dochífear, DDána 12.4 . Condit. 1 s. adcíthfend, Ériu iv 220.8 . 3 s. dochífeadh, TSh. 6056 . atchífeadh, 6008 . -aicfed, Todd Lect. vii 6.68 . 3 pl. dochífidís, TSh. 305 . -faicfitis, Ériu ii 134 § 115 . Pass. sg. itcífea, Ériu ii 198.9 . dacitfidhi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.30 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. atconnac. MU² 745 . dochunnuc, ZCP vi 29.2 . dochonnarc, TSh. 4298 . idconnarcos, ML 4.19 . -facca, SR 1336 . -faccu, TBC-I¹ 870 . -facus, Maund. 260 . -facadhas, Desid. 430 . 2 s. atchonnarcais, LL 13591 . adconnacuis, Lism. L. 1509 . daconncadais, ITS xiv 22.9 . atchonncais, Acall. 4612 . doconncais, 3320 . -faccais, 5143 . -facadais, Sc.M² § 11 . -acaghois, ZCP x 284.19 . 3 s. diconnairc, Ériu ii 15.19 . atchonnaic, TBC-LL¹ 3969 . rachonnaic, 2969 . -facca, 3374 . -faccae, 5099 . -facae, Mon. Tall. 155.11 (§ 67) . -facai, 135.5 (§ 22) . -facaid, 164.6 (§ 88) . -accaig, TBC-LL¹ 2827 . -agaid, Aen. 1396 . -facais, RC xxiv 196.14 . 1 pl. atchoncamar, LU 2331 . do choncamar , 3 C 19, 6 va17 . -facamar, Stair Erc. 2017 . 2 pl. atconncabar, PH 1711 . -facabar, 3360 . -faccabair, Acall. 5770 . 3 pl. atconncatar, Laws iii 168.8 Comm. dochoncatar, PH 6295 . -facadar, TBC-I¹ 311 . -acaiset, ZCP x 410.15 . Pass. sg. doces, RC xvii 416.30 . doconnarcas, ZCP ii 552.8 . atcondcas, Ériu iii 196 § 12 . do cunncus , RC xii 332 § 24 . ra condcas , TBC-LL¹ 2748 . -aices, -facas, IT iii 189.11, 12 . -accas, LL 14172 . -facus, Lism. L. 3804 . Pl. -facessa, TBC-LL¹ 5009 .

Vn. aicsiu, (f)aicsin, etc. IGT Verbs § 4 .

(a) sees, notices, observes: atobcí side `he perceives you', Wb. 25a26 . ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . do soí dond orient conaci a næscae, Thes. ii 21.37 . isin domnach atcess in cétna sollsi in lái. Ériu ii 198.1 . ranic iath nad adaig aiccesdar (aiccestar, accestar, acastar v. ll.) `he reached the country where night is not seen', ACC 34 ( RC xx 172 ). con-idn-acar ┐ co nidn-arladar that I may see him, Irish Texts i 13 § 40 . ni facaid deilb ┐ ni cumman lais ní do faicsin, Mon. Tall. 164.6 (§ 88) . nach álaind atchíd ba háildiu lee Fróech do acsin, TBFr. 217 . nā tēig, co n-aiccther in frithi fonnuar-sa, TBC-I¹ 1556 . dorala . . . do M. condacaid aislingi, Trip.² 220 . amail boí sí and conḟacaig in lochtobur, RC vi 174.26 . ní confacus beó aéin neich diobh osin alle, AFM vi 2092.5 . do chibh mo Shlanaigtheoir maille rium, ITS xxix 185.3 . rí na ndúl cá chuin do-chear / an dún i bhfuil go bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . With various prepp.: arnachab-accastar as tír that you may not be seen from land, BDD² 435 . atcess immorro asin Temraig inni sin moreover that thing was seen from Tara, Anecd. iii 34.9 . telach ása n-acastar in tuath fri Luimnech antuaith, Trip.² 2412 . adcí . . . uad debrad na diadachta he sees in the distance . . . ACL iii 245 § 24 . ro-chidisium uathib . . . tigi arda, Celt. Rev. x 106.16 . Folld. by clause: atcondarccaisiu (atconnarcsu, LU) . . . indus imatiag-sa in lind, TBC-I¹ 659 . co n-aiced immar ita / in tech mór atchonnarcsá, LU 3733 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . With preposition indicating motion: co n-accatar C. . . . is' tech they saw C. coming into the house, Sc.M² § 15 . intan docunncus Fechín docum in dūnaid `when F. was seen coming . . .', RC xii 332 § 24 . atací in slóg cucu tarsa mag, TBC-I¹ 1440 . ó 'tchóndairc epscop Mél P. cuce día chairigud, Trip.² 982 . nir airigedur Cenel Conaill iat co facadur chuctha iat, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . Cf. an tan atchídís ag triall chuca é, Keat. iii 1591 .

(b) Of mental processes perceives, discerns, realizes: ma adced torbe inna thect `if you should see profit in so going', Wb. 11b22 . da faicea ainfhis . . . ann a múnad, PH 7402 . truagh nach bfacas libh bhar locht, Ir. Review 1912 472 § 11 . atchíu rogabsat ar clanna ililtiugud, ZCP viii 318.31 . mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuic / docím úaim nach indermaid looking back I perceive that the treatment I got with him . . . is not to be forgotten(?), Prolegomena 45 § 24 . do citer corob i cuis in fiabrusa dlegar do leiges ar tuis, RC xlix 9 § 4 .

(c) Pass. in sense of appears, seems (DO to): atchessa fiad lucht na netarnade comtis aige alta they seemed to those lying in ambush to be wild deer, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). ge daciter gorob maille Saturnus nan re . . . as comtrom a ngluasacht though Saturn appears to be slower than the moon their motion is equal, Ir. Astr. Tr. 114.16 . an tan bis an taer dorea tiugh ┐ docitear cum feartana e ┐ nach denann hi, 3 C 19 , 20 ra9 . atchíthe dó i n-aslingi innas ind ḟir no rígfaide and, LU 3452 ( SCC 23 ). is amlaidh doces do mac Gilla Lughan iat, RC xvii 416.31 . doces do muinntir co n-erbalus it seemed to people that I died, Todd Nenn. 210.4 . atcess dóib . . . múr na Rómae the wall of Rome appeared to them, BColm. 78.19 . atces doib tor oir for an muir, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.14 . do condcuss sin dó ina spiraid, gin go faca sé o suilib corpardha é, BCC 362.5 . mar do connarcas d'uaislibh Éireann an dochar do bhí ag teacht, Keat. i 66.19 . doconncus doibh a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . pecadh aga bhfaicther dhó maith éigin do bheith ann a sin in which it seems to him there is some good, Ó Héodhusa 181.5 . do connarcus don Pháirlement gurab annteasbach bídh ┐ éadaigh do-rin sin uile, PCT 1677 . Note also: is mar sin dociter Galen aga tuicsin so G. seems to understand it, 3 C 19, 219 ra14 . By extension seems good to (cf. Lat. videtur): cidh anaill atcither duit acht a marbad? what else seems good to you except to kill them? Anecd. ii 12.18 . créad fa bhfacas dhíbh . . . na braighde . . . do chongbháil i ngéibheann, Maguires of F. 55 . déanaidh mar chífighthear dhíbh, 74 . dochonnarcus do'n Spiorad Naomh . . . gan ualach do chur orraibh . . . (visum est Spiritui sancto, Acts xv 28 ) Eochairsg. 14.26 . do connarcus don ōigh . . . eachtra . . . in tsēipēil . . . d'foillsiughadh . . . don naomh-priōir `it seemed good to her to make known', Fl. Earls 114.33 . do-connarcas damh trácht ar éiclipsigh na gréine it seemed good to me to treat of eclipses of the sun, Corp. Astron. 152.4 . do chonncas dhúinn . . . an leabhrán-sa do sgríobhadh, Mac Aingil 50 .

(d) Occas. in sense of do-écci, fégaid: o do conncamair do leighiusaibh uilidhi . . . na ptisisi since we have treated of, 3 C 19, 129 vb23 . da facaid le feirg no le fich ar duine if he look angrily at, Maund. 261 .

ad-comla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-comla or dil.ie/400

 

Forms: ad-comla, a-t-comla, ad-ind-chomlat, adcomaltar, -accomoltar, adcomlatar, -acomlatar, adcomaltar, -accomaltar, adchomlatar, adrochomolta, -accomalta, adrochomul, adcomaill, comlasat, ros ocomlad, accomaltae, accomol, accomlaid

v (* ad-com-la-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 509 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-comla, Wb. 3c13 . a-t-comla som, 4a10 . 3 pl. ad-ind-chomlat. Sg. 212b7 . Pass. sg. adcomaltar, Sg. 148b9 . -accomoltar, 188a15 . Pl. adcomlatar, 51b13 . -acomlatar, 198a20 . Subj. pres. pass. sg. adcomaltar, Sg. 63a17 . -accomaltar, 197b17 . Pl. adchomlatar, Ml. 35b2 . Subj. impf. pass. sg. adrochomolta, Sg. 188a16 . -accomalta, ZCP vii 484.30 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrochomul, Ml. 58b12 . adcomaill, LL 750 . 3 pl. (with tmesis) ata coraib comlasat , ZCP xii 365.23 . Pass. sg. ros ocomlad, Trip.² 2072 .

Part. accomaltae.

Vn. accomol.

Later as simple vb. accomlaid.

Joins, unites: is in óin persin atacomla `it is in one person that it joins itself', Sg. 208a10 . amal adindchomlat coniunctiones `as conjunctions join', 212b7 . adcomlatar gl. iniungantur, Ml. 35b2 . co roaccomalta gl. copularetur, ZCP vii 484.30 (Enchir. Aug.). innahisiu adrochomul, Ml. 58b12 . tor Conaind co méit airgne / adcomaill col cét milte, LL 750 . is é ro-accomail in eclais cechtardai, PH 7066 . With tmesis: ar conrarcicht selba . . . ata coraib comlasat comdliged mainche morfaeidm flaithemnuis, ZCP xii 365.23 . do etarscarath neich adrocomallnad (leg. adrochomlad?) tria mierlegend, Hib. Min. 307 . Joins to, with (DO, FRI, LA): do genitin articuil adcomaltar in gerind `to the genitive of the article is joined the gerund', Sg. 148b9 . air dianaccomaltar pronomen naill do, Sg. 197b17 . ara chosmili frisa cétnide dia naccomoltar, 188a15 . ró pridach Pátraic dí coros ocomlad don tairgertaig spirtalta, Trip.² 2072 . ronaccomail Eláir do Mártain araile sechtarétsíd dia forcetul, RC ii 390 § 19 . uracomol cis neimid .i. in ní for a firaccomailter a cis do neimed `by which his rent is truly secured to a n.-person', Laws iv 6.y Comm. ro-n-accomailset do'n cháisc `they brought it (Lent) into conjunction with Easter', PH 5006 . o ro-s-accomail do fen when he united it (the Church) to Himself, 4553 . atcomlasom friu ardis lemnethu de do hícc, Wb. 4a10 . adcomla friu fessin in fect so `he joins Himself to them now', 3c13 . adcomlatar sidi fri cach tuisel `these are joined to every case', Sg. 51b13 . ciad- comaltar oppidum friss, Sg. 63a17 . fobith inna cenel . . . frisanacomlatar, 198a20 . ní accomlatar epactae . . . fri riaglóri, Thes. ii 17.27 . (BCr.) atcomlasom híc lasnahí dofuircifea bráth i mbethu `he joins himself híc with those whom the Judgement will find alive', Wb. 25b16 . Note also: mar rohaccomlait mar aen / in t-uiscce is in fīn, RC xxxvii 346 § 33 .

1 áel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áel or dil.ie/618

 

n o lime, chalk (See ZCP xxiv 93 ): di á.¤ ┐ chrieid gl. onera, Ml. 102d9 . doronad in mur do ael berbthi, Rawl. 74b1 . múr gel . . . amal bad du á.¤ chombruithiu dognethe, LU 1701 . ael Erend all the lime in Ireland, 3147 . á.¤ ná eimer (sic leg.), Cóir Anm. 146 . tuc a inchind latt et cummaisc ǽl air (of preserving the brain of an enemy in lime as a trophy), RC viii 62.18 ( LL 13545 ). findnél na cailce ┐ ind ǽil . . . asnaib sciatha, RC xiii 456.19 . clocha ┐ ael tigi spitel na Trinnoite, Ann. Conn. 1245.3 . foirind ic suathad aeil, `mixing lime', Aen. 305 . clocha chum aoil do denam, ZCP x 22.1 . lucht aoil do losgadh lime-burners, Eochairsg. 114.26 . a dath amar dath an aeil, SG 111.26 . In comparison: aol (aoil MSS.), is rós . . . . . . bhíos ar nós lóchrainn n-a gruaidh do ghnáth, Hackett xxi 34 . g s. as attrib. cloch aeil limestone: cendach na ccloch náoil, ZCP x 22 n.l . cnes amal clochael gen chrūais, ACL iii 308 § 33 . Of a limestone castle: am chloich áoil. Anecd. ii 72.10 . clach aoil, DDána 119.12 . a mhúir ḟinda áoil, IGT Decl. ex. 688 . tene aoil `lime-kiln' AFM ii 1076.9 .

Compds. ¤chinn n.pr. A. Cruachna, CF 857 . ¤-chloch limestone: go ro gabsat acc athnuadhucchadh a n-aitreabh aolcloch built of limestone(?), AFM vi 2186.12 . a n-adhnaice an Ard Mhacha / Ulltaibh as a n-aelchlacha, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 148.6 . ¤-chnes having skin as white as lime: árrachta áluinn aoilchnis, Hackett xxxix 150 . ¤-dorus: ráith na n-ael-dorus n-alaind, ` lime doors (white-washed with lime, or perhaps built of lime-stone)', Hy Fiach. 254.12 . ¤-ecor: gach ceall i bhfuair áladhdoirse / uaidh as fhearr a haoilegair-se every church in which he found gaping doors he was best at repairing it with limestone(?), DDána 89.27 . ¤-gorad lime-burning . Fig. deatach díomusa ag éirghe ón aolghoradh uabhair, TSh. 7938 . ¤-grennad: ní mhar aoilghreannadh th'aighthe (of a ráth), DDána 68.3 . ¤-lis: a hamharc an aoilleasa, DDána 70.11 . ¤-losgad. Fig. teannáil na toile, bhíos ag aol-losgadh na hanma, TSh. 1857 . ¤-mag: n.loc. Aolmhagh, AFM i 50.2 . ¤-ráth: conacadar in aelrāith mōir [ar] a cind, Ériu viii. 157.3 . ¤-tech: aíl-tech emir `lime-white house of granite', Metr. Dinds. iv 108.2 . ¤-tor : gan áoltor ngeal no gan gharrdha / nar legh aentadh t'faghla iad, IGT Decl. ex. 544 . With adj.: ¤-chethach: do chíd adhbha aoilcheathach . . . ar ochtaibh áilne an aieóir a building made of gleaming showers, L. Cl. A. B. 180.2 .

airbach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbach or dil.ie/1602

 

o, n. vn. formation from *ar-bong- breach; destruction, etc.: urbach ceathra worrying cattle (of dogs), Laws iv 122.4 Comm. arbach mbo, O'D. 1615 (H. 5.15, 13b). mór n-ergal mór n-erbach n-úag / mor tor trelmach fri imluad, SR 4673 . urbach Ulad .i. cach baili ba hail cairdi o Ulltaibh, isedh donithea; inn uir do thochailt re naigidh ┐ ba geis daibh dul tairrsi, O'D. 2303 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 30a4 ). in cet cairde do gneth itir Ulta ┐ Feniu dia mbai urbagh nUladh, O'Curry 805 ( H 3.18, 373a ). do dhenamh clodh a nDurmach / coná beith urbhach innti, Laud 615, 106 (Contribb.). seacht gclaidhmhi ré cruadh-urbhach (: Lughdhach), Leb. Cert. 130.16 . airdairc ṅ-aerbach (cheville), LL 4911 . ? ba sí tiget ind áirbaig, LU 6511 = ba sé tiget a colla, TBC-LL¹ 2652 , cf. airbiuch, árbach.

airdaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdaig or dil.ie/1796

 

n In chevilles: Adiar adma irdaig múr, SR 4191 . toirthi Parduis . . . / ile, uile aurdaig rann / is diles duib acht oenchrann, 1087 . for hEricho, aurdaig slog, 5237 . Elizammama aurdaig rád, 6757 . Petar aupstal, aurtaig tor , ZCP x 47.11 . Perh. g s. of airtach.

aisil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aisil or dil.ie/2493

 

Forms: aisel, aisle, aiseal, -li, -il, aisil, -le, -il

n also aisel. g s. ind aisle , Laws i 132.24 Comm. aiseal f. (g s. and n p. -li, d s. -il), IGT Decl. § 54 . aisil f. (g s. and n p. -le, d s. -il), § 150 . See Lochlann ii 224 . See Hermathena xcix (1964) 49 - 51

Part, division, joint. Of body: asil gl. artus, Sg. 68a2 . dim cēt aisle, dim cēt ḟethi, dim cét cnámha, ZCP vi 258.16 . sē haisle didiu fil ōthā ind meōir co halt na gūaland, Corm. Y 447 ( Anecd. iv 38.1 ). joint of meat: rannais D. assil tṡailli hi cóic tóchtaib, IT i 41.9 . tuc assill isin coire dó, 19 . dorat . . . B. in n-aél 'sin coire ┐ dobert nói n-aisle d'oénbéimmum anís, RC xiii 58 § 51 . fir in baili dligus aisill loin cach mairt, Laws ii 232.13 Comm. cethri aisle senshaille, MacCongl. 117.24 . Of land: aisil .i. rann, ut est acht aisil do thír frisi-ssuithither. Nó aisil .i. inatt, ut est a comcisnib aisli i clanntar crecht .i. biaidh iarmbrithemnus ann iar comdechsain in inaid in ro glanatht (sic) nó in ro clannadh in crecht, O'Dav. 90 . Of part (of the ornament?) of a sword: claideb . . . co n-a ṡecht n-aslib do dergór ina dessaib, TBC-LL¹ 204 (claideb . . . esnaid óir and, v.l. LU). Of shields: sciath co n-ocht n-aislib findruine, IT ii1 177.92 . doforni oen na n-aisill isin luaith .i. luaithrindi ainm in renna sin, Ériu v 72.20 (making of Cú Chulainn's shield). Cf. aisli .i. faobhar, ut est rinnaighecht i comuaim dá aisli, O'Dav. 57 . ? mas amail aisled is amail cetsceinm, O'Curry 925 ( H 3.18, p. 405 ). ? do-sóigh re táobh caisil cloch / aisil óir gu hÁodh n-eangach, IGT Decl. ex. 1992 . Of cloth: aisle sróil deirg strips(?), IGT Decl. ex. 1375 . In pl. fragments, pieces: iomdha tuir aoil 'n-a n-aislibh `many the white castle overthrown', Aithd. D. 37.36 . tor na aislibh eatorra, IGT Decl. ex. 1348 . go ndearnattar cotanna croinne . . . ┐ blodha bearnacha . . . ┐ aisleagha cearta . . . do na craoiseachaibh, Eachtra Uill. 3016 .

aithbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithbe or dil.ie/2550
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: a.

n io, [n.]. Later f. a.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 3 . Vn. of * aith-ben, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 461 . See also LEIA (cf. taithbe).

(a) ebb, reflux (of sea): tuile ┐ a.¤ .i. tempestas et tranquilitas , Thes. i 3.30 . in aithbiu gl. remeat, Thes. ii 24.35 ( BCr. 34c4 ). muir . . . dicsi[gi]dir a thuliu la cetemun co tet for aitbe la gemredh. Leith-bliadain for thuiliu, al-leth aili for aithbhiu, Ériu ii 112 § 35 . is tuile ┐ a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . céin no bíd in muir for línad . . . céin ba ha.¤ , LL 21088 . an tan ba ha.¤ an muir ba forreil an tor uaisti, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.16 . co rangattar . . . taran ffersait, ar ba ha.¤ ann an tan sin, AFM v 1610.33 . tond a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 104.7 . a.¤ .i. trághadh no laghdughadh mara, O'Cl.

Hence decline, decay: a.¤ flatho Oengussa, AU i 212.16 ; 'the ebbing of the power of Ó.' Seanchas 139 . tuile a.¤ elta nemtiger deoghbuire, O'D. 2209 (Nero A vii, 144b). aithbi oll a[r] [t]h'airmitne `may thy honours ebb utterly', Dinds. 21 ( RC xv 319 ). ra bítis a tigi / i tilchaib cen aithbi, LL 6594 . sai gan aithbhi néinígh, AU ii 518.15 . nocha léir tairthe ós tealaigh / léim aithfe dá n-imdheadhuil, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 19 § 32 . a tairthi mar an g-craeibh g-ciníl / do sgaeil aithfe d'Eibilín `have come to an ebb with E.', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 348.24 . bái trí tráth forsind ḟaithchi / Temrach co trumma aithbi (cotromaithbi v.l.) greatly wasting (of an exposed child), Ériu iv 94 § 9 . ? prímdae bréo nád athbi (aithbe, aithbi v.l.), Fél. Apr. 15 (Plummer, MS. notes considers this and follg. ex. as finite forms of a vb. *aith-ben-). co cléir nóib nád athbi, Aug. 12. ? Of defeat in battle: corrabatar fó sár theichle iarna a.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 46 ( LL 183a35 ). Of decline in old age, death: a.¤ dam-sae bes mara / senta fomdera croan, PRIA lv (1952-53) C 88 § 1 . ní frescet a.¤ na éc, Imr. Brain 11 § 18 . a.¤ Loegaire meic Néill the death of L., LL 6090 . rí crúaid Cnucha i cath Aichle / fúair trucha ┐ trena.¤ , LL 15176 . ? dá n-anadh rem' aithbhi-sea, MR 306.10 .

(b) act of avenging (sense of aithe): do-chuaidh dá aithbe ar Ultaibh 'went ... to avenge him upon the Ulaidh', Giolla Brighde 30 § 5 . go ro dheónaigh Dia a dhíogail ┐ a aithbhe for na gallaibh . . . an míimirt . . ., AFM vi 2252.4 . ac díghailt a sháraigthi ┐ ac aithbhi gach uilc, SG 24.15 . gé aithne oirne gan fhíoch / do dhíoth a.¤ a coindi (sic MS.) ar chách thy death makes everyone [wish to] avenge it when he contemplates it(?), Dán Dé xxvi 10 .

1 alla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 alla or dil.ie/2915

 

Forms: halla

n Also halla. a. m., IGT Decl. § 2 . Hall . See Wortk. 50 , Lochlann ii 215 . Possible early exx.: mo chen sa tan tic dommall, Fen. 224.z (leg. domm all? dom mál?). a druith na halla, IT iii 98 § 162 . go hAugaine na halla, Rawl. 84b4 . In none of these, however, is a meaning hall clearly indicated, though an early borrowing from ON höll is not excluded. In the follg. late exx. the word is a borrowing from Engl. or Rom.: ar urlar in ha.¤ , ZCP vi 287.13 . mana gríosa d'allaibh aoil unless you set flame to white castles, Aithd. D. 5.16 . ha.¤ (: Banna) ┐ tor 'na dtaisibh hall and tower in ruins, 37.25 . guidhigh i n-a naemh-álla fein hé, Smaointe B. Chr. 5470 . a nimcein o ha.¤ ar sduideir = ce n'est pas de nostre speculacion, O'Gr. Cat. 216.37 . rugadar . . . don ha.¤ é, Mark xv 16 .

al(l)e

Cite this: eDIL s.v. al(l)e or dil.ie/2965

 

adv = illé: conid dib cenel C. alle to this point, Ériu iii 136.37 . alé (: turchairthe), Acall. 647 . B. tucc an tor alle (: innile), Leb. Gab.(i) 40.23 . a-le (: ele), Ériu iv 222 § 38 . cu mba hár . . . leo alliu ┐ anall hither and thither, Marco P. 33 , 65 , 114 , 131 (the form alliu is perhaps a diff. formation in the meaning from here , ed.)= illiu ┐ anall, 151 . ? ille alle dá chét naem / do ria . . . co R., SG 366.13 ( LL 298a14 ).

andóin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. andóin or dil.ie/3509

 

Forms: annóine

n f. g s. annóine (perh. a form of 1 andóit, q.v.) church: fer las mbí tír .vii. cumal, forbí a sétaib iter flaith ┐ a.¤ ┐ chórus Féne, Críth G. 587 `who is (or stands) over their (the unfree clients') `séts' in regard to ruler, Church and ordinary law (i.e. is responsible for the performance of their obligations under the above headings)', p. 38. See also ZCP xviii 405 . annone .i. eclais, ut est fri annone iadhad .i. fri hiadad na hannone .i. annone a ebra, écclesia a greig . . ., O'Dav. 5 = O'Mulc. 98 . tor bóus do andōin a hail (.i. eclais triath toibhgis do eclais a dlighe[dh]) (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 6 .

angbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. angbaid or dil.ie/3623

 

adj Mid. Ir. writing of an(d)gaid, O'Brien, Ériu xi 157 . Distinct word, LEIA (andach). wicked; fierce, ruthless: angbhaidh .i. peacadh, O'Cl. angbhaidh .i. cruaidh an gaisgeadh, ib. lorc didiu a.¤ nó lainn-fordiuclandtaid, Dinds. 9 ( BB 357a46 ) = O'Mulc. 780 . droch-mac Iesse aṅgbaid (Saul of David), SR 6138 . i cin for nidal naṅgbaid, 5483 . Ailill angbaidh (he was guilty of rape), Anecd. i 51 § 8 . a lucht in sceoil scithaṅgbaid (of wicked women), Rawl. 72a26 . Adam is Eua aṅgbaid, LL 17402 . rīgh rogabh in doman thair / dar comainm Irūath anbaig, Ériu iv 174 § 3 , xi 157 . duine angbuid nobid oc slat, Trip. 482.2 = andgaid, Trip.² 2612 . ailgisach angbaidh in fear dana, BB 259b6 . Aithirni aṅgbaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.53 . on droing a.¤ anniartha, Cog. 50.22 . in cath-milid . . . a.¤ , 194.18 . d'Éireamhón angbaidh, Content. v 32 . Of animals: fúargg ind eich a.¤ amnais, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.82 . romarb ind leoman n-aṅgmaidh, LL 397b7 . ar cach naen anmand nangbuidh, uair angbaidh cach míl a comaiches trespassing animals(?), Laws iv 82.2 Comm. ba . . . angbhuidh adhuathmhar an míl, Lism. L. 2216 . Of a place: sīraitreb ifirn a.¤ , Ériu iii 30 § 16 . o Drobaís dianaṅgbaid, LL 1023 . mac on Echtgi aṅgbaid, Anecd. i 49 § 16 . Of actions, fights, etc.: cuibleng a.¤ , SG 333.25 . tumha . . . n-angmoigh nainnsercoch a violent kick, ZCP x 292.24 . ba haṅgbaid a ṅgním ṅgle, LL 22299 . In cheville: lotar .vii. cét armach / uadib aṅgbaid dulad, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 10 ( LL 182a40 ).

In favourable sense valiant, brave(?): ó Adam ḟírbind aṅgbaid, LL 665 . laich angbaide . . . / gon(a) danaibh go n-dechraibh `valiant', Todd Nenn. 136.1 . a.¤ in raind, MR 210.1 . ? atteoch frit a n-usce / ┐ in n-áer n-angbaidh, ZCP viii 232 § 6 . As adv.: creanadh a gnúis ghlé gan ghairge / ré go hongbhuidh `opportunely' (boldly?), Ó Bruad. i 104 xxvi .

As subst.: in taṅgbaid Lucifur, SR 1512 . a a.¤ anfhéil (to Satan), PH 3930 . cech echtach cach aṅgbaid / i slabraid ros nass, LL 18633 . fan a.¤ n-irgalach, fa Osgur, Fianaig. 60.20 . ō rogab talmain na tor / nī fūair a.¤ in tobor, ZCP vii 498.z .

Cf. angadh, Gadelica 70 .

See also an(d)gaid.

arcu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arcu or dil.ie/4036
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: arco

v also arco I beseech. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 457 . Generally in stereotyped formula a.¤ fuin (IMM, DO) (corresponds to Lat. posco ueniam, Vendr. Lex.): arcu fuin(n) ium dia `I beseech pardon of God', Ériu xix 60 § 11 and n. arco-fuin damsa, a mo rí, SR 2081 . ? ercafuin do rig nime leis mo dluig ar bar n-inchaib mo chorp glan, YBL 316a41 . canid patir, arco fuin, / slēchtaid sīs fo thrī (rules for refectory) and says `a. f.' (?), ZCP xiii 29.18 . fear tri laithe, fer tri cet / arco fuin, is sen in dét, RC xvii 135.2 (Tig.). a coic fichet d'amraib tor / masu amlaid arcco fuin / ō chreitim i Temra treib / roort tein is muir is guin, Rawl. 137a28 . For further exx. see 2 fuin. Without fuin: 'arco', lochor do Dia a dul, Metr. Gl. 31 § 1 . arc .i. adlochumar do dia, O'Curry 969 ( H 3.18, 416 ). ? arcu ech n-aignech 'I beseech a spirited horse', Brislech 17.169​ .

árus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. árus or dil.ie/4355
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airusa, airise

n o, n. n p. airusa (arusa, airsea, airse, v.ll), Corm. Bodl. 16 . airise, Trip.² 2943 . Later m., IGT Decl. § 11 . abode, dwelling, residence: issed ārus indsin irraba Glass, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 75.17 ). is cāich a hūair a n-āros so, ZCP viii 312.4 . cor 'gab side iarsin á.¤ a n-iarthur Con[n]acht, RC xvii 391.16 (Tig.). dál ro dálus . . . isind arus huas Druim [Lias], LU 448 (ACC). ni caraim in uisci n-duabais / imteit seoch toebh m'arais, AU i 352.2 . nocon ḟúair inad árais naco toracht co Ross ṁBruicc, RC xiii 98 § 126 . ni scer rissin n-árus-[s]a, ib. á.¤ ba dún ba daṅgen, LL 21421 . cádus don aes graid / a nn-á.¤ dod réir, 18889 . budh mesaiti cádhas cáich / gan áras isin ríghráith, SG 70.32 . faonligach ag na bi arus, Laws i 284.32 Comm. á.¤ righ Nin . . . in cathair sin, CCath. 21 . ní ḟil 'na bethaid i fuss / ech diar n-echaib 'nar n-áruss, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.2 . iasocht áruis nimhe, DDána 69.5 . budh lór d'á.¤ eaglaise church building, 65.15 . Fig. a hárusaibh na hanma, TSh. 7050 . Ros Inbhir, áras oinigh, BNnÉ 284 § 271 .

Extended applications: Aeneas . . . rochodail sen co saim i n-arus a luinge cabin , Aen. 877 . an tor do dhéanamh chomh ard soin nach roichfeadh an dílinn go na hárusaibh úachtaracha `upper stories', Keat. ii 30 . go tíosdais ba . . . dá n-árasaibh cattle-byres, RC xiv 30 § 12 . In sense of cattle-pound used in Laws as gloss on forus: i forus .i. i n-arus urdalta, Laws i 212.16 Comm. fri forus techtae .i. in n-arus co dlighthech, 270.31 Comm. cru co nindi forais no cru co ninde arais, 104.29 Comm. athgabail cerc togthar a narais mad i thig, ii 118.13 `let their feeding-vessel (`árus' v.l.) be removed if they are kept inside', Binchy MS notes; 'coop (?)' Celtica x 79 § 3 .

Compds.: ¤-net: dealbad áruisnid, O'Gr. Cat. 461.8 . ¤-tech: d'éis fhillti dá árostaig, 14 . Cf. dúnárus.

as-toing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-toing or dil.ie/4535
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: astoing, etech

v (* ess-tong-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 652 ) refuses (lit. swears away from, removes by oath). Indic. pres. 3 s. astoing diib `he swears away from them i.e. he clears them by oath', Críth G. 496 and n. brimon smetrach .i. ainm nemthiusa dognīat filid im nech atatoing who refuses them, Corm. Y 149 . fer a.¤ cach recht .i. eitches gach duine um biadh `a man who refuses (hospitality to) every class of person', BCrólige 43 . ben istoing cach richt, Laws v 176.4 . astoing .i. eitches, O'Dav. 139 . nicon eitig nach n[d]aim `he refuses not any company', Laws v 76.11 . cairi fir nacon eitid cach reacht, 238.20 . Subj. 2 s. ni ettis nech cen a domanches, LU 3488 ( SCC 26 ). 3 s. ni fuiben enecland arain dar daim techta; ar ni heitech do neoch mad o daim techta ci as-to i.e. it is not a(n illegal) refusal if a person refuse a company in excess of a lawful retinue, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52 § 25 . ata-tó .i. eitech . . . ar ní heitech do nech mana [cin a] daim techta cidh istoo, O'Dav. 139 . cia isto, Laws v 172.16 . ni briugaid m'asto nach berthar enech, O'Dav. 1527 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. Petar apstal, aurtaig tor / . . . / atc[h]uitig fa thrī, ba col who denied thrice, ZCP x 47 § 22 . atguitigh .i. era nó etach, ut est atguitig in scoaire co fa thri, O'Dav. 39 = at-cuitigh, Ériu xiii 24.19 . (With substitution of preverb) rom-cuitigh, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . Pass. sg. adcuitecht in gilla im ōegedacht lasin filid, Otia ii 86 § 2 . pl. Riach ┐ Cosdub adchoitechta [im] na ingena, LL 22531 (= eitigthear iad imna h-ingenaib, RC xvi 275.30 ).

Vn. etech.

Cf. etchid, ustaing.

1 báire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 báire or dil.ie/5225

 

io n

(a) course, progress: is gnāth la Fland, lāthar n-āne, / bāre sech a dīne to outstrip his (own) generation (?), Bruchst. 11 § 19. sóiset a mb.¤ dia brath / co tarb nDáire maic F. they turned their course, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.47 . mo bh. tar muir mbarcláin, BS 30.9 . b.¤ baíse wild or wanton course: co tanic mac . . . P. ar a baírí baissi ina ruatur rabarta, BB 430b48 . ina ruathar righmiledh ┐ ina baire baíssi, Stair Erc. 283. Cf. Oliuane / na tarat bari for baís, LL 16480. Of a child's play: ar a bāire baīsi a coimidecht a oide, ML² 13. cnuic áille ar ar hoileadh mé / oirear mo bh.¤ baoise, DDána 88.31 .

cenn báiri goal, destination: is cucainni cenn a báiri it is us he makes for, Sc.M² § 9.5 . rachaidh mé dar mbaileine / mar a bhfuil ceann ar mb.¤ , Magauran 800 . a Moling . . . / gus' tuccus cend mo bhaire towards whom I have directed my course, Anecd. ii 24 § 18 .

(b) goal, aim, object; victory: fácbaid sund fri b.¤ mbil / liac láime cech láech-ḟir, Metr. Dinds. iii 116.99 . bruthmar b.¤ , ii 2.2 . b.¤ breath-ṡoluis gacha bréithre (a prince), MR 108.18 . neach nach tréig b.¤ an bheatha / téid beatha as sáimhe seocha, Dán Dé vii 3 perh. to be assigned to (a). lá b.¤ `Victory Day', PBocht 3.30 . is ruathur ratha, is rót do báre, TBC-LL¹ 5343. a bhuille bh.¤ na mban `master stroke' (to the Blessed Virgin), PBocht 13.45 . buailfidh Dia a bhuille bh.¤ , 3.1 .

(c) game of hurling; goal: búaid ṁb. ┐ immana, TBC-LL¹ 971. ros fuc (sc. in liathróit) dar brúach ṁbaire uadib, 904 . ag imirt an bh.¤ , Oss. iii 118.4 . ar mhachaire an bh.¤ , ZCP v 211. 253 (Mid. Court). ar gcur bh.¤ having scored a goal, DDána 105.6 . ro chuiris an b.¤ trí huaire ar Chairbre, Oss. iii 56.19 .

v (d) With beirid.

(i) directs one's course (attack), proceeds, sets out: nima rucsam ar mbaire / nima lodmair sec Lere, CS 136.13 (an. 827 ). iss ed ruc a báre . . . co rígu Sparte, LL 31293 ( TTr. 477 ). beiridh baíri mbruthmar . . . dochum na debhtha, 405bz 0 . i dtráth beirthe an bh.¤ at the moment of attack, DDána 48.29 . Fig. monúar ámh nach daoinleith ro iomáinset ┐ do bertsat a mb.¤ , Hugh Roe² 264.20 . Cf. AFM v 1860.6 .

(ii) wins, gains the victory: gach āen 'ga mbīa in marbnad-si, / budh hē bērus an bāiri, ZCP xiii 17.28 . in fer . . . / beirios b. ar cach cuaini, SG 61.10 . ní rugamar an b.¤ ar a chéile, Oss. iii 118.7 (Tór. Dh.). rug b.¤ ar gach aonlocht hí, DDána 32.5 . gnaoi Rōisi ag breith bhāire, O'R. Poems 973.

With other vbs.: mo lic láimhe / . . . / bid breo brisfeas báiri, Manners and Customs ii 280. n. ar mbuadugad cacha b.¤ ┐ ar maidem cacha mórchoscair, MR 244.21 . dias do maoidh baire um Berbha, LL 394.5 .

1 bann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bann or dil.ie/5348
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bang, aenbaingi, -baing, baind, bann

n o. Also bang ā, f. g s. aenbaingi, CCath. 1950 v.l. (énbhaing, text). d s. -baing, 2105 . Cf. a s. baind, Fing. R. 240. bann m., IGT Decl. § 73 , § 96 (p. 130.8) . Variously glossed: b.¤ .i. buille, O'Curry 583 (H. 3.18, 289). .i. gníomh, O'Cl. .i. gach cumhsgugadh, ibid. Also glossed with meanings not sup- ported by exx.: b.¤ .i. līathrāid, Corm. Y 200. Ériu xiii 76.207 . Metr. Gl. 32 § 7. Lec. Gl. 503. O'Cl. .i. dligheadh, O'Curry 1490 (H. 3.18, 664). Lec. Gl. 42. Stowe Gl. 232. O'Cl. .i. bás, O'Cl. .i. olc, O'Curry 972 (H. 3.18, 416). .i. tend, ibid.

(a) Meaning appar. move, movement, impulse, effort, thrust; hence exploit, deed: dracc ilair band, ZCP iii 465.17 , 21 . atnecham (atteocham, v.l.) ria mbandaib before making any move (?), Fél. Dec. 21. b.¤ baide ┐ trócaire impulse, SR 2072. lín ṁband mbalcbúada, LU 8289 ( FB 22 , rhet.). rosbaí damna bróin don b.¤ `the deed was a source of sorrow to them', Metr. Dinds. iv 20.28 . cath Bregmaine band `of deeds', RC xxix 211 § 8. ni maiti da bidbadaib band, Fen. 378.21 . b.¤ tre cheardchaibh caithshleagh gcorr (of a chief), DDána 79.26 . ní héidir liomsa achd b.¤ báis `the only steps I can take are fraught with death', Aithd. D. 51.12 . a bh.¤ claonta leis an gcoir `her conduct inclining to sin', 50.34 . b.¤ mear taidhbhseach tar tor (of a mare), Measgra D. 15.24 . Oar-stroke : dá luing . . . fó énbaing imruma, CCath. 2105 , 1950 ; `with one pull of the oars´ Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 88 . cach band do-beread forsin curach (with) each oar-stroke that he gave the curach, 58 § 31 . ód bhand ḟíchmhar imramha, IGT Decl. ex. 860. Cf. DDána 83.20 . ? band īslighthe, ar ar n-onōir, Éigse xiv 92 § 2 and Notes 103 § 2 b . perh. to 1 bang.

With verbs: fer dobeir b.¤ ar cach ṁbūaid achieves (?), attempts (?), ZCP viii 119 § 40 ( Rawl. 88b42 ). dobert G. band feramail fora churach vigorously propelled, LL 12702. Cf. IT ii1 181.192 . tucad b.¤ ele arna cobhlaigibh [co ndechadar] . . . imásech araile, CCath. 1966. tucadur iaromh b.¤ dúr dīochra ar an deabhaidh made for, Cath MT 786. beiridh b.¤ tar bhladh a sinnsear surpasses , O'Hara 4175. b.¤ ar a ais ní headh rug did not retreat, PBocht 10.15 . Cf. band ar ais ón irgail, Hy Fiach. 260.7 . téid crann ó Dhonnchadh fa dheóigh / b.¤ tar orchar in áirseóir, IGT Decl. ex. 1309. do-chuaidh Pilib / . . . / b.¤ suas tar na sinnsearaibh surpassed, O'R. Poems 432. imbered a baind foraib, Fing. R. 240. Elliptically: is mithid damhsa b.¤ do bhaile `to foot it homewards', Ó Bruad. ii 240.5 (bonn. v.l.).

(b) Passing into sense of length (of cast, etc.), distance, period, extent, amount: níbo moo in band oldas a chéle (of casting a ball and hurley), LU 5006. dobert G. fochrothad . . . fon scíath co roacht band ḟata úad, LL 12719. Éire ┐ áirdrí Bearta / ní bhfuil aonbh. uaisleachta / . . . / d'iomurcadh air ná uirthi degree, 23 G 24 , 274.13 . Conchobor bliadain a band / noco torchair la Crimthand, LL 15151. ? ri ro bai ria mbetha b.¤ , SR 5273. ? b.¤ ar t'fhíoch ní fheadarsón, Bard. Synt. Tr. 193.12 . Diancecht . . . is e ro chind in b.¤ decided the amount (?), Laws iii 362.4 Comm. (`that established the rule').

Freq. in chevilles: niba hifernach, búan bánn, / clann na cined dó, Trip.² 393. Fél. 86.31 . úarda band, LU 9856. ? 10543 . būaidh ria mbannaibh, ZCP vi 264 § 5. ? fíad slúa g Eigept, amra bainn, SR 3291 (: Foraind).

Note also: briathar baile (builidh, v.l.) b.¤ , Metr. Gl. 11 § 10. ba difulaing cloistecht re fogurmuirn in muighe fos, cona búi a barsamail acht amail bad b.¤ don brat[h] doberta isin uair sin ind, CCath. 5650 (`ban of Doom'). benfaid na trī band[a] .i. band crābaid, band ecnoi, band trebairi, ZCP ix 453 § 34. Of Eóin Bruinne: a bhrágha ní fhuair ionadh / os chionn cíche an dúiliomhan / b.¤ do bhí tar an gcroichse / dí is gan chrann 'n-a caomhthaighse, PBocht 23.13 (`a band was fixed about the cross'). inmain bund sin, inmain band, / dotelccad do nim anull, TTebe xvi 1 (`a dear strain'). forbann .i. for b.¤ .i. ní ós ceann dligidh, óir as ionann b.¤ ┐ dligheadh, O'Cl.

Compds. With nouns: cen báes ṁbandgaile impulsive valour (?), LL 25803. bandmaidm Lettrech Ainge (.i. cath Cilli Mōna) rout, ZCP xii 236 § 56. With adj.: cur meabaidh don abhainn ina buindeadhaibh borbghloracha . . . bangdhlúithi (b.¤ dluíthe, v.l., TBC-LL¹ 3911 ), TBC St. 3238.

Cf. 1 bang.

1 bárc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bárc or dil.ie/5400

 

n ā, f. (cf. Lat. barca) b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.21) .

(a) bark, ship: bārcc a barca, Corm. Y 108. i mbāirc, 115 . barc .i. long, O'Cl. saer lerlong ┐ baircc (? leg. barcc) ┐ curach, Laws v 104.1 , glossed: .i. for na bi imrum .i. na serrcinn, 4 Comm. lucht na bairci, i 128.15 Comm. ind oenbarcc (of the Ark), SR 2536. barc fri beithi (in `Ogam n-eathrach'), Auraic. 6133. i mbraine na báirci, BDD² 515. cetheora barca .xxx. . . . ┐ tricha in cech báirc, LU 1278 (H.). cid as dech do ríg ? . . . bárca do thochor i port, Tec. Corm. § 1.25 ( LL 343a24 ). a fín b.¤ (sic leg. ?) for tondgur fland, LL 7189 (`wine-barque', Hail Brigit 11 ). do chriaid ḟir na báirci (of Tuathal Techtmar), 37770 . barcc gu muinib, IT iii 241.215 . na bárca bronnfairsinga, CCath. 1445. Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben `which beats against barks', Ériu iv 154.2 . coblach mor do longaib ┐ do barcaib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . i n-urlár éinbháirce (: tráichtte) on the deck of one ship, DDána 107.1 . In nn. loc. Inber na mB., LL 24169. Rinn na Báirci, CF² 97.

(b) Fig. of (perh. boat-shaped) structures on land: a barc brainech na tor tromm / . . . / ba tu relec na fian find (to Brug na Bóinde), Metr. Dinds. ii 12.41 ( LU 4157 ). Barc Crimthainn Nia Nair (one of the Dindgnai in Broga, the others being Long ingine Foraind etc.), Dinds. 4. Long na Láech / frisanabar Barc Ban mbáeth, Metr. Dinds. i 18.58 . Ailech nImchill os cech áit / dia do báirc bir-chinn. . . . `sharp-crested stronghold ', iv 96.46 . romúrsetar Báirc ṁBresail. Báirc-sede feda nemchrínda doringned ic Bresal, RC xiii 40 § 10. Of a territory: Tir da Locha . . . / barcc reil ro hetrocht, Auraic. 5107.

? Moisi minn os betha barc (: Isaac), SR 3865. fo betha barc, 2819 . Note also: a hadbai Ailig / . . . / a bairc moir Mide / . . . / a crich Breg, Ériu viii 68.33 .

Of a prince or warrior: Aed Ailig uill / . . . / barc hordain áin, IT iii 21 § 62. Brandub barc i mbatar sluaig, LL 7239. Bran Berba ballglaine, / bārc thacid thriūin, Bruchst. 8 § 9 ( IT iii 14 § 31 ). greit ríg / . . . / barc bodbae (of Lóegaire B.), LU 8608 (rhet.). Cf. Húa Conaill . . . / bá b.¤ maone bá muir neccna (of Colum Cille), ZCP viii 197 § 13.

Compds. With noun: bárccuideachta ship's company, DDána 89.9 .

With adj.: tar muir mbarcláin (barcglan, v.l.), BS 30.9 . barr būadach bárclethan / lethas dar sōerchlanna of wide ships (?) (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 218 § 8.

With adj. derived from noun or vn.: barcbhuailteach (?), IT iii 97 § 158. sluagh . . . bárclibernach `ship-possessing', MR 214.y .

boingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. boingid or dil.ie/6314
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bongaid, buingid, buing, boing, buich, -bocht, boing-, boin-, bain-, -buṅg, bongar, bóus, bibhsa, biba, bibhsiutt, -bobig, buich, baichsead, bibsat, -bocht, bochta, búain, boing

v also bongaid, buingid. See Vendryes, Études Celt. v 240. With non-radical -n-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 339 , 477 , GOI § 550. For long ō of subj. stem (bōss-) postulated by Thurn. Hdb. § 616 note ex. bóus cited infra. For future see § 657 , 666 , 667 . buing, boing, IGT Verbs § 76. Pret. 3 s. buich included here may acc. to Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 477 belong to another stem buig: see also GOI § 694 (c), Thurn. KZ xlviii 65 - 66 and Celtic Verb 117 n. For pass. pret. -bocht see GOI § 707. The stem boing- becomes obsolete in mod. Ir., but its vocalism seems to have influenced boin-, bain-, late forms of benaid.

Pres. indic. 1 s. -buṅg, Corm. Bodl. 34.26 . Pass. s. rel. bongar, Mon. Tall. 132.19 . Pres. subj. 3 s. rel. bóus (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 6. Fut. 1 s. bibhsa, O'Cl. ? 3 s. biba, Trip. 88.1 . 3 pl. bibhsiutt, RC xii 106 § 155. Pret. 3 s. -bobig, RC xi 446.y . buich, LU 352 (ACC) (arch. by-form, GOI § 694 ). ? -baig , Celtica xxi 119 § 6 . 3 pl. baichsead, O'Cl. ? fut. as pret. bibsat, LU 6194. Pret. pass. -bocht, Thes. ii 334.3 (Hy.v). part. bochta, RC v 201 § 20 . See also 1 bocht, -bochtae. Vn. búain, boing.

(a) breaks, smites, strikes: (rhet.) fortut brágit bibsatar, LU 10361 = beufsatar (bebsatar (St.), n. 16), ZCP iii 255.y . boingidh méin in uma `they (i.e. `in lucht') break up the copper-ore', Hermathena xxi 4.z. craitsiusa conbobig a mmer ( co mbobig, Contribb. 239 `so that he broke her finger'), RC xi 446.y . Cormac cain buich (.i. ro bris) neoit (.i. gainne), LU 352 (`destroyed niggardliness, Stokes RC xx 44.18 ). ro ches gair co mbuich (.i. . . . co ro brissistar cath for Demun ┐ domun) `until he routed', ACC 39. Cf. bach .i. brisedh, O'Curry 972 (H. 3.18, 416). ruthid hedh baeth foa mbi / do fuit co mbuich a chnami, ACC 39 Comm. buich, bugh .i. briseadh, O'Cl. bibsat ind fir na bú tairis `drove the cattle across' (Faraday), LU 6194 ( TBC-I¹ 1711 ). comboing in cethri darsna slúagu sair, 6207 . luighiu mac int soihfesai | ron buich tres bēim uí Rossa 'the oath of the children of poesy, one of the three blows of the grandson of Ros ... has broken it', Ériu lix 126 § 8​ .

(b) cuts, reaps; plucks, gathers; ceso femmuin mbolgaig mbuṅg (: sund), Corm. Bodl. 34.26 (s.v. prull) bung, mung, bug, mbuing, v.ll., Wind. Festschr. 17.47 , 12.44 . lathe búana dí madbocht (.i. maith ro boiṅged), Thes. ii 334.3 , 27 (Hy. v). ? nescietur cóich biba coich beba who shall cut down, who shall die, i.e. who shall reap and be reaped (by death), Trip. 88.1 . Cf. beg bríga bebsat bibath (bi bath, text) midlách, MR 170.8 . bert bond bochta blaith, RC v 201 § 20 (bochta[i] bláith `flowers were reaped', Ériu xxii 42 § 5 ). methel ón ní is meato (sic, Lat. meto) .i. boingim, O'D. 520 (H. 3.17, 422). bibhsiutt buain cech raithi `they shall reap a harvest', RC xii 106 § 155. luss bongar ind domnuch . . . nó cnoi bongar dia domnaich `that is cut . . . that are plucked . . .', Mon. Tall. 132.19 , 21 . biorar bhuingim-si, BS 94.13 . ma ro boinged `if (the fern) has been cut' (Gloss.), Laws i 172.13 Comm. ní bia . . . .i. ar na boinge fid a feraind, iv 124.18 Comm. ro boingeadh damna in cleib no na cleithi `were cut', v 474.24 Comm. lus cech galair . . . / boinghcter uile a n-ocht kalaind, Ériu ix 66.12 . a cnúas ni buing dalta dhó `no fosterling . . . breaks off', KMMisc. 174 § 31. (? B. na f.) ní bhoingfedh (.i. fásfadh, 379.15) cairche as anad `he would not harvest', ZCP iii 378.5 .

(c) exacts, levies: bongur eiric dít isin agra nindlighthech, O'D. 546 (H. 3.17, 435). B. na f. tor (.i. triath) bóus (.i. toibhgis), ZCP v 486 § 6. Note also: ughdar bleacht na mbeart (mbreath v.l.) gan bhréag do bhuing `of . . . judgments framed without mendacity', Ó Bruad. ii 200.z .

(d) With prepp. ní bhuingeadh gaoth cairche a hindlibh ó mheadhon foghmair go meadhon Earraigh `did not take a hair off the cattle', AFM i 90.7 . do bhoing sé a hanumhla inn, IGT Decl. ex. 320. sé líne do bean a broid, ex. 297 . mór do bhoing dím gu drásda / grásda rígh an chroinn chésda, IGT Decl. ex. 38. nar bhuing d'fhiliodhoibh urroim `who have not refused respect to poets', O'Hara 1308. do bhuing do Thadhg ar thagair `he refuted his (T.'s) contention', Content. xx 10 . re síth Duirn buide buinges `lying close up against the side of D. B.', SG 179.12 . Tuatha De . . . / for Thuaith mBolg baichset righi (glossed: do bensat T.D.D . . . righi Erenn do Feraibh Bolcc íar mbrisedh orra), Leb. Gab.(i) 158.2 . ? slad croinn na deachmhaidhe dhí / do bhoing mear-chraidhe ar gach mnaoi, Dán Dé xxvii 23 . níor bhoing sliocht an álaidh ort did not wipe away (?), 14 . do bhoing lubhghort an Ríogh ruinn `God's garden has become ours', 24 . is cumae fiach neich adchi ┐ na naidhbhridh, ┐ nad boing iarum fri nech chuilles soíre in domnaig who does not exact (a fine) against (?), O'D. 1938 ( Cod. Clarend. 15, 6c ). Part. precise (?), complete (cf. becht): triochadh bliadain mbochta (.i. iomlana), 23 E 26, 140.15 = bai triocha bliadhna mbochta (glossed: triocha bliadhna móra, nó móaightheacha (sic leg.), no iomlana, no on mbochta (`of poverty'), Leb. Gab.(i) 68.9 .

Bre(o)gan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Bre(o)gan or dil.ie/6731

 

Forms: Breoghain

n. pr. m. name of ancestor of Míl, builder of B.'s. Tower ( Keat. ii 611 f .). m. Bregaind (Breogain, BB) las ro chumtacht Brigantia ┐rl. (┐ Tor mBreagain, BB), Corp. Gen. 199.16 . Tuir (g s.) Breoghain, ML² 1529 and n. a slios Tuir . . . Bhreoghain (: n-ainbhtheanaigh), Studies 1920, 98 § 3 . in tí Bregond, Todd Nenn. 238.6 . tor ṁBregoin, 240.1 , see note o.

brigda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brigda or dil.ie/6816

 

adj [io, iā] (bríg) strong, vigorous: os brí brigda (: rígda) brass, SR 5635. Of a mantle: co ṁbrutt b.¤ bralíath impi, RC xxii 393.29 ( BDD 62 App.). b.¤ in bedg, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.5 . N. banclann brigda, Gorm. Jan. 6. In cheville: b.¤ tor , Metr. Dinds. iii 224.9 .

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