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ainbthen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainbthen or dil.ie/1183
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ainbthine, ain(b)fen, ain(b)fene, ain(b)fine, anbthine, ainuthen, ainbthine, anbthena, hanfine, ainbthin, -anfhethna, anbthen, ainbthinib, ainphenaibh

n earlier ainbthine f. (anboth (see anfud), LEIA Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 59, 628 . See also feithine). Also ain(b)fen, ain(b)fene, ain(b)fine. n s. ind anbthine , LL 6889 . a s. ainuthen (ainbtine, v.l.), CCath. 3924 . g s. ainbthine, LU 8709 . anbthena, TBC-LL¹ 5300 . na hanfine , PH 4241 . n p. ainbthin, LU 2364 . -anfhethna, CCath. 1927 . ?g p. anbthen, MU² 629 . d p. ainbthinib, LU 2234 . ainphenaibh, RC xi 129.y .

(a) storm, tempest: maidm toraind tollchléthi / trethan trom ainbthine, LU 8709 ( FB 53 ). trethan .i. anfen, ut est ardainm tar tuinn trethan .i. anfenaigh, O'Dav. 1576 . ond anbthine sein ruc Paulínus E. i lluing, Anecd. iii 75.24 . gorta ┐ ainmtine, RC xxiv 373.4 . cur roimeclaigh Persaual in ainmten imurcrach roboí forsin sruth, D IV 2, 73 rb 30 . rodáil a ainbthen uile / dar Mag nA. (of Loch Rí), Metr. Dinds. iii 458.99 . immud anbthine na peni suthaine, IT i 170.z . commbogad ainbtini dermairi, CCath. 868 . isi conair tuc in ainfin e, 2104 . ainbhthine an aeéir, Studies 1921, 75 § 15 . ainfine imarcach ┐ doinionn dermhair, Fl. Earls 8.17 . ?g p. used attributively: lorg adúathmar . . . cend anbthen fhurri ┐ cend álgen, MU² 629 and n. Fig. ni ḟodhmad broinn ainfen[e] `stomachs endure not a storm', BCrólige 25 (cf. anfen .i. ingnad, ut est fri fail mil moir ni fodma bronda anfen, O'Mulc. 107 ). i n-anfine n-ai as regards the storminess of the case, Cóic Con. 15 § 2 = ainfene, 34 § 38.

(b) violence, fury, rage in general: troithaith ainbthine di dagbesaib cana ┐ rechtge, Laws iii 24.15 . flaith leigis anbtine for a tuaith .i. . . . leigis anfethaigh ar in ceile, O'Curry 458 (H. 3.18, 243b). co rolad anbfen eturru im glenn tribthine, BB 6a37 . mor do anfene ┐ do eccoimhnert, Stair Erc. 375 . atracht . . . a ainbfine onchon, 1347 . bruth ┐ anbthine Palámid, TTr.² 1311 .

As n.pr. Ainpthini ingen Maelduin, LL 362 marg. inf.

airrannus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airrannus or dil.ie/2358

n (airrann) m. = airrann: ind faírend na techtat errannus . . . isin chetna eserge, LU 2746 . ro tuit fein i nurrannus don foghuil sin `it was returned in part payment for that trespass', Laws i 76.3 Comm. do beradh gach fer . . . urrannus da coirpdire, Laws iv 248.16 Comm. coibche no urrunnus do coibche, 60.27 Comm. cemad ail urrandus d'othrus no d'aithgin do dul re lar, iii 244.10 Comm. masa urrandus do leth folt . . . ro benad de, 352.15 Comm. co tóraind forrach and .i. irrondus cach cóiced díb, Ériu iv 152.19 . in tirrandus rosfacaib hElend don croich, LB 234b53 . errandus do chimais na bairgine, MacCongl. 55.2 .

brónach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brónach or dil.ie/6966

Forms: bronchu

adj o, ā (brón)

(a) sad, sorrowful; grievous. Almost always used predicatively. With neg. copula very frequ. in litotes: ni b.¤ donintarrái gl. refectus est spiritus eius, Wb. 16b18 . is bronach a bethu amal sodin, ref. to grauis illi uita tristisque (25), Ml. 30d24 . ní bu brōnach int oscur, Thes. ii 334.2 (Hy. v). nibdir brónaig they will rejoice, Fél.² Prol. 188. is ingnad mad b.¤ frimsa I'll be surprised if he is not glad to see me (fails to welcome me), BDD² 277. bá b.¤ trá M. de sin .i. a bith cen mac, LU 4241. i n-iffur[n]d at brónaig, 9462 . it brónaich a teglach oca chlúais, BDD² 1122. bróncha fíanna injured (?), LU 7444 (BDD). nárbat b.su araí sin do not be sorrowful because of that, FDG² 487. do toraind bronaig Brenai from the mournful confines of B., Lec. 16rb19 = AFM i 246.9 . bineach b.¤ . . . beagcroidheach, TSh. 6625.

Compar. bronchu gl. tristiora, Ml. 86d7 . Adv. beith co bronach, Mór M. 268 § 6. co brōnach bit[h]-ims[h]nīmach, ML² 880.

(b) As subst.: donaib bronchaib gl. tristibus, Ml. 118a8 . trí brónaig choirmthige: fer dogní fleid etc. `sorrowful ones', Triads 94 .

As n. pr. m.: feil Búide ma[i]cc Bronaich, Fél. Dec. 7 v.l.

cárachtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cárachtar or dil.ie/8210
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cairechta(i)r(e), carachtra

n o, n. (Lat. character. See GOI 568 , 573 ). Later cairechta(i)r(e). letter (of alphabet), character: is hé in gloṡnáthe caractar inna liter gl. figurae linearum, Sg. 3b20 . carachtra gl. literas, 3b22 . ní di chárachtraib gl. de literis, 3b27 . carachtar digaim, 5b7 . carachtar ṅdigaim, 7b17 . charactar n-aill, 6b11 . cárachtra na conson, 9a19 . carachtar consine ┐ carachtar tinfith, 21 . oen cháractar, 22 . carectar gl. agma, Sg. 14 b 8 . nín tánaic a c.¤ , 26a14 . ón charachtur (chartur, MS.), Ml. 34a15 . eter ainmniugud ┐ charechtair, Auraic. 1130 . cairechtaire . . . do litrib asarda, BB 301a48 . cach son . . . arrichta carechtaire . . . doibh isin beithi-luis-nin, Auraic. 1056 (4012). a caireachtaire .i. fuatha na liter, 336 (2687). carachtaire, Celtica i 96.272 . fuath .i. caireachtaire, 276 . dā ghné carachtaire, 97.287 .

Transf. líne . . . um cháirechtair toraind neclaisi shape, outline , LB 277a29 . ? Cf. caireacht (? leg. caireachtair) .i. dealbh, Stowe Gl. 270 .

cell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cell or dil.ie/8562

Forms: cill, Cille

n ā, f. (Lat. cella). In later lang. also with n s. cill ( TSh. 5808 ).

(a) Usually transl. church, but in a number of exx. clearly ref. to monastic settlement or foundation, collection of ecclesiastical buildings: contubart F. acheill dóo, Thes. ii 242.21 (Ardm.). c.¤ mór `great church', 317.7 (Hy. ii). cét c.¤ custói tond fo ógi offrinn, Lib. Hymn. 177.495 (ACC). .xvii. cella, Vita Br. 23 . atait secht cella etc. (heptad). Laws v 118 . dul tar chill, 474.11 . ? bása ch.¤ mo dind / bád lem Érend íath, LU 9979 . i nArd mínMacha maith c.¤ , LL 15954 . can cairde ceall, BB 56a24 . cormand c.¤ tiri Ele, YBL 132a35 . doronsat na clerig tóraind chilli, 316a42 . ab gach chill, Content. xviii 127 . secht n-airchinnich c.¤ , Ann. Inisf. 1029.2 . ar cheallaibh ┐ eccailsibh, AFM iii 912.3 . an líon manach . . . ag freastal na sé dteampull do bhí san chill, Keat. ii 3108 . air an uachtarán cille `spiritual superior', Donlevy 106.12 .

(b) Extended applications: ba c.¤ chendadach ┐ ba cómrar thaisceda sét somainech in talman hí (of Persepolis), Alex. 415 . In sense of sanctuary : fa ceall chomhdha (of a dead chief), DDána 110.12 . comairce ┐ ceall, 102.30 (`tearmann', Gloss.). Prov. celd cen cloc, Rawl. B 512, 112a1 (cited Meyer Contribb.). Of the clergy as oppd. to laity: etir chill ┐ tuaith, RC xviii 196.22 . See 1 túath (T 349.15 ff.). Of ground round a church, churchyard, graveyard : fa úir na cille. Misc. Hag. Hib. 15 § 8 . noco pīantar / fora n-īatur / ūr a c[h]ille, BColm. 28.26 . rés an gcorp ag triall gus an gcill, TSh. 5720 . gur scríob chúichi an chill trí gnaoi-mhúinte grinn `the grave has gathered', O'Rah. xii 31 . Cf. clad cille, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 .i. in relig, 72 .

In n.pr. imchoin na ceall, IT iii 80 § 53 . Colum Cille , pass. In insulting nick-name: c.¤ coire, Laws v 230.4 Comm. , expld. as `a church in which milk-and-water only is drunk, a miserable place' (O'Curry), note p. 231.

Very freq. in nn.loc.., see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns: i ndíoghail na ceallairgthe sin ` sacrilege ', Keat. iii 4567 . ceallogam . . . .i. Beanchar, etc., Auraic. 5702 . is cell-phort do Padraig, BB 268b12 ( ceandphort, Leb. Cert. 30.15 ). With adjj. derived from nouns: is buaid clerigh cliaraig ceolaigh ceallabranaigh, BB 295a11 . don eing cheathraigh cheallainglidhe, DDána 89.10 . eiriceach ┐ . . . ceallairgtheach, Eochairsg. 103.9 .

cruinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cruinne or dil.ie/13227
Last Revised: 2019

n [, f.] (cruinn)

(a) roundness, rotundity: round mass : ind tóraind .i. cruindae no dirge gl. ex qualitate . . . figurae, Sg. 3b18 . cruinde gl. figura . . . nucis, BCr. 36d2 . sīn Morainn .i. ar a cruinde, O'Mulc. 854 . 'na c.¤ slaedaighti lump, MR 260.2 .

(b) universe, world : cruinde, cruine (sg. only), m. and f., IGT Decl. § 1 . ríge ac hua D.T. ar in ch.¤ , Stud. Hib. iv 71 § 57 . i n-póngc medonach do-n chruinde, ZCP xvii 229.27 . a cethar aird na cruinde, PH 7198 . fan cc.¤ cain, Ériu xvii 24 § 32 . an ch.¤ ché, Ir. Syll. Poetry 38 § 6 . an chruine (: duine), IGT Decl. ex. 14 . clár na c.¤ , ex. 16 . Ceard na c.¤ , TSh. 887 . Hence in phr. isin ch.¤ (anywhere) at all (cf. 1 bith, 1 domun): in cach crích isin chrunni everywhere, LL 31000 ( TTr. 181 ). re haenduine isin cruinde anybody at all, Stair Erc. 709 . aonní as treisi san cc.¤ , Párl. na mB. 4193 . níl críoch san cc.¤ , 4102 .

(c) thrift, hoarding, niggardliness : cruine co foichlighe, ZCP iii 27.33 ( Ériu vii 172.9 ). a uile ilmaine . . . ara ṅdentar cruinde ┐ cessacht, Acall. 6335 (cf. LU 1760 ). nochonḟidir mac duine / cía cá ndēnand a c[h]ruinne collection, ZCP vii 303 § 9 . ? lór do dhuine fan digh cuisg / cruine an ḟir um an amuisg, IGT Decl. ex. 1039 . gan ch.¤ um chrodh, Magauran 1905 .

Compd. lán duirn de chruinnechloich round stone , E. O'Rah. 296.y .

deilm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deilm or dil.ie/15200
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: delm, ndeilm, delm, delmae, delma, delmo, dealman, deilm, delmaim, delm, drithdelm, delmann

n orig. n, n. n s. also delm, LL 356b44 , 36b32 , SR 31 , et pass. (: sern, SR 5029 , but also deilm, 2811 , 3671 , 4983 , etc.), Ériu iv 136.3 (deilm, v.l.), BB 400b19 , SG 253.28 . n s. (with art.) a ndeilm , IT i 67.11 . Later somet. treated as m. or f., SR 5123 , LL 43b41 , 143b29 , delm chert, SR 31 (but d.¤ cert, 1533 ). g s. in delmae , FB 85 , Fél. Apr. 7 ; delma, LL 29b42 , 126a40 , BB 396a16 , Ériu ii 100 § 6 , §7 , 192 § 1 , SG 253.27 ; na delmo , Ériu ii 192 § 1 (v.l.); an dealman , ib. d s. deilm, LL 5b15 ; delmaim, Fél. Prol. 154 , Ep. 127 (-aimm), ZCP iii 22.9 , O'Dav. 641 (-uim). a s. delm, SR 1767 , drithdelm (: iffern), BB 279b4 . a p. inna delmann , Ériu ii 128 § 95 .

I Loud, confused or rumbling noise or din: d.¤ .i. torann, Lec. Gl. 63 .i. . . . foghar no torann, O'Cl. .i. foghur no grith no gair, O'Dav. 641 .

(a) Of thunder, sea, storms, conflict: dochuaid torrainn-breisim isinn aer . . . asbert L. oc cloistecht in delma . . ., SG 253 . a nd.¤ isnaib neluib amal fhogur torainn, Ériu ii 100 . co cúala . . . amal bid fótrond fairrci dimóre. Ni fordámair . . . cen techt do descin in delmæ móir rochuala, FB § 85 . cen d.¤ cen toraind , FA § 35 . dothaet athach gaethe móre . . . conostarat uile i socht mór mét in delma, LL 126a40 . d.¤ in gaeth, 254a10 . do delmaim in mōrchetha, ZCP iii 22. 9 . ria nd.¤ ṅdílend, LL 5b15 (cf. tan tanic diliu, delm n-uag, SR 2265 and LL 6b35 ). d.¤ catha, Fél. June 29 . inna delmann ticfet in mbith la uath mbratha, Ériu ii 128 . Without direct reference to audibility: co torchair tria deilm ngaíthe mori 'until it [the oak] fell in the tumult of a great storm', BCC² 233.327 .

(b) Less freq. of men or animals: ní bec a nd.¤ dogniat ind eoin, IT iii 244 . co ndelmaim a ṅgretha, Fél. Prol. 154 . ró grecha in lenab ina broind . . . `cid diatá a nd.¤ sea', IT i 67 . mo chur fo chrithdelm chaire | i nIffern to doom me to wail and tremble, SR 1767 .

(c) Of noise made in the intestines, crepitus ventris, fart: ní cumaing ben a fegad cen maidm a delma esti, Todd Nenn. 202.1 = Fél.² cxlv (cf. verse ib.: matchí cech ben, báigid braigid). ata ben is'tir . . . maidid essi a d.¤ amal cloich a tailm, ACC Bodl., RC xx 158 .

II Report, tidings, rumour, fame: mór mairg mor d.¤ ṅdiolaiṅg, LU 537 (ACC); hence: easbaidh choluim . . . ac sin an d.¤ díḟulaing, BCC § 364 = an d.¤ dhiofhulaing, O'Cl. s.v. is d.¤ a eolus la hErinn huili his knowledge is noised abroad throughout all Ireland, RC iii 345 . ? na daerclanna gan delm n-oll, BB 279b4 . ca d.¤ is deacra inār nd.¤? (.i. ca sgēl . . . ?), ZCP v 488 (B. na f.). Cf. also: assu leiss cech d.¤ dub dall | indá teidm do threnḟulang any dark mysterious rumour (i.e. disaster) seemed to him easier to bear (?), LL 143b29 .

III The follg. cases are doubtful: cach nd.¤ de cen iasacht, Críth G. 179 (see notes). delm cuinnealg tuatha, Laws ii 102 (= d.¤ conualai tuaith, 122 ), possibly a case of II.

dícheóil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dícheóil or dil.ie/16099

adj (ceól) inharmonious, harsh, unsuited: ni ba dicheoil, toraind ngle, | a Michéoil, fria mōrgaire be not harsh in thy care of it (Adam's soul), SR 2197 . naimh ind foghmair álainn | ailim, drong nad dichéol (: Michéol) `a company not inharmonious', Ériu i 226 . Cf. Dichiúil (symbolic n.pr.), BDD § 62 .

díchlannaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchlannaid or dil.ie/16113

Forms: dichlannad, díuchlannad

v (clann) depopulates, spoils, ravages: ra dichland túascert mbetha di dáinib ┐ cethraib ┐ indmassaib, LL 223a12 ( TTr. 427 ) = ro dithaich, 397b11 . Vn. leomain . . . for dichlannad (díuchlannad, Facs.) in chatha amal toraind no saignén, Alex. 735 (= for dithugad, BB).

díliu, díle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díliu, díle or dil.ie/16425

Forms: dílend, dílinde, dílind, dilind, díle

n n, f. (*dí-lin-? Cf. GOI § 331 . From Lat. diluvium, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 197 ). g s. usually dílend; occasionally dílinde, rarely dílind (: Find (gen.), Fianaig. 50 , 94.19 ). na dilind , Snedg. u. Mac R 39 . díle, f., IGT Decl. § 145 .

(a) The Noachian deluge: in díle diluuium, Ml. 48d17 . díli .i. diluuium , Corm. Y 480 . amail sóersai Nóë . . . din díle, Fél. Ep. 452 . diliu thromm, SR 2626 . clann Caīn sil Seth na sen | dorigni in diliu a ndilgen, 2724 . otha dilind co Abram, 2297 . iar ndilinn, 2276 . airdde na dilenn o lar, 2525 . o aimsir dilenn, Fél. p. 258 . o rodoirt díliu for bith, Metr. Dinds. iii 238 . robaid in diliu sil Adaim uile ach Noe, LL 1b1 . o dorat Dia in dilind darsin uile ṅdomun ní therna di doenib in domuin on dilind acht mad lucht na hairce, 1b4 , 6 . is mé Findtan . . . d'éis na díleand, Ériu iv 132 . is e oenḟot do thalmain tar na tainic diliu, idon Golgotha, MacCarthy 48 . tarraidh dílind Bith, BB 20b6 . is fir mar rimhim re radh | o Dilinn co Abraham, MacCarthy 260 . san domnach is fath fire | dotraig ar tus in dile, Ériu iii 144 . ni ragbad [Ériu] ria ndile ┐ ni ragbad iar ndíle . . ., Imr. Brain i 286 x . do deoin ríg na dílinne, SG 382 (LL Bóroma). ar teithedh na dilinde (: gan time), BB 22b45 . an chéiddíle . . . | lér dhíoláithrigh Dia an domhon, TD 7 § 29 . is í an díle na danair, 7 § 42 . anall ó dhortadh díleann, 28 § 3 . ó ré dílinne na dtrét | a bfírinne gá coimét, SG 349 . mo ṡáeghul roimh dhílinn duib | cúig bliadhna déc do bliadhnuib | tug Día tar éis dílinn damh | cúig cét cúig míli bliadhan, Anecd. i 25 . rosaerad Noe ar thonnaib na dílend, PH 5884 . créad as a bhfuaradar an drong do bhí ria ndílinn ann ré fhada, TSh. 8528 . iar dturnamh na díleann, 8422 . re hucht na dílinne, 236 . dia hAoine tugadh an díle tar an ndomhan, Gadelica 207 (Eoghan Ó Caoimh). le huisgidhibh na díleann, Gen. ix 11 (Bedell).

(b) torrential rain, wet weather: bláth gach tíre 'na thoradh | gnáth díle mar a dhubhadh | gach fiodh cnó bhán ag bloghadh | gach domhan lán bó is brughadh, G. B. Mac Con Midhe, Book of O'Conor Don 160a(No. 297) . an cheandsachd chaitheas rinde | is grian a ngar dhilinde, GJ ix 307(Tuar feirge § 3) . grian gheal i ndeaghaidh dílionn, TD 24.54 . lá gréine i ndiaidh dílinne, 26 § 25 (doininne, v.l.). Fig. a torrent (of tears): le déaraibh fola dá ndortadh 'na ndílinn, Keat. Poems 944 = Hackett xxxix 312 .

(c) waters of the ocean, sea: Etar étan ri dílind Etar (i.e. Howth Head) forehead to the flood, Metr. Dinds. iii 104 . aés rodmbádi tond dilend (but this may belong to (e)), 106 . Of the names of the Boyne at different stages of her course: Banna ó Loch Echach cen ail, | Drumchla Dílenn co hAlbain, 28 . ardanfud dond dílinne . . . décsiu Cerbaill, RC xxix 211 . dar lebarthonnaib na dileann, Snedg. u. Mac R 33 . da druim ndilinne (: firinne), Rawl. 86b42 . co ti in diliu tar in domun, Aen. 2966 . tar dromchla ndíleann, TD 20 § 33 . fa tholchuibh dílionn, 20 § 35 . siar tar dromchladh na díleann, Keat. Poems 31 .

(d) flood, torrent usually in epithets: ucht ra mór-dilind to breast a great torrent used of facing a battle, CRR p. 46 (§ 40) . Of a warrior in battle: ruc taichim . . . fo cath na nAnmargach . . . mar borbruathur dianbunni dilend, Cog. 188 . ba he tra samail na desi sin (Haemon and Tydeus) amal ro rethidis da buinne (sic leg.) diana dileand a slebtib arda amreidi . . . (Theb.), Celt. Rev. x 318 . Of Caesar's army: . . . an breisim bratha, ┐ an buine dilenn ┐ an diliu ic tuili . . ., CCath. 5376 . as maidhm dilionn ┐ biodhbha sochaide e, ZCP x 280.y . mur buinni ndían ṅdílinn sceithes a hucht airdslébe i n-aimsir thuili, Fianaig. 94 . snámaid sisi ina ndiaid go trén tinnesnach gurba chosmail re buinne mborbruad ndilenn in dá buinne bátar ima taebaib, SG 250 . uaim dhíleann . . . samhuil inntleachta Dalláin, Oss. v 34 .

(e) The gs. is used attributively to denote great size apparently resulting from great (antediluvian?) age: dam dílend (cf. dam ré, TD 14.34 . Keat. Poems 739 ): ┐ xl ar da cetaib dam dilenn leo docum in tuir do cur a fola fai (of the building of the Tower of Babel), BB 14a53 . mar neart ndamh ndighleann, TBC-LL¹ 3870 v.l. roforbair cona ba luga hí oltás dam dílend (the beast slain by Michael), PH 7221 . Dubhchosach Binde Gulban .i. damh diomhór dilean (of a stag 500 years old), Celt. Rev. x 135 . marb eilit Droma Sileann | geisidh damh dileann dá héis, Acall. 850 . an chú glan semhḟáobhrach seng | ór gearrṡáoghlach dam dílenn, Brian Ó Corcrán, Book of O'Conor Don 227a (No. 294). Freq. applied to warriors: ba treass im dam dilend tres catha uime, BB 435a26 . téit fúthaib mar dham ndásachtach ndileann, SG 65 . indsaighis cach a chele dibh . . . mar dhá damh dílind, Ériu iii 170 . In a few exx. there seems to be a confusion in writing between dam Dile the Ox of Dil (q.v.) and dam dílenn: dam dilenn tuargabsat ceann, BB 373b48 = Daim Dile etc., Metr. Dinds. iii 204 . ? ech dílenn: is luaithe mé ná eachradh díleann (Death addressing the sinner), O'Gr. Cat. 593 (but the corresponding line in Cnuasach Comhagall 6 is: is luaithe mé na teacht tromdileann).

Of trees, etc. scolb do dharaigh dileann, CF 712 . Niall mac Echach na ttres ttenn | ríbhile díomsach dílenn, Book of O'Conor Don 155a (No. 59 ). níorbho coinne sgíthbheag, sgathuaimhneach coinne an dá ruire sin acht ba sáthadh dhá charrtha chloch ndileann, ML 140 . gu gluaiste na crega dílinn, Rel. Celt. i 165 (older version?). ar charruig dhíleann, Desid. 649 . dún dílenn a cyclopean fort (cf. dileann firm, solid, sound, strong , P. O'C. ): co fuil and da dun dileann | eargna run re taeb remeand; | uas tuind tibraid fri toraind | sund fri dib imlib Erenn (viz. Dún Sobhairche in the N. & Dún Cermna in the S.), Lec. 578a14 ( LL 17b1 ). cumdach tochair tuir dileand, BB 37a10 ( Lec. 564a37 ). uamdorus dilenn (Antaeus' cave), CCath. 2908 . is tú fa leannán dreach-nár díleann | do ṡíol Éibhir (of a fortress), Keat. Poems 1525 . Fig. uaill dílenn unyielding arrogance (?): laechraid Ulad uaill dileand | ni rorimeam a remeand, Lec. 584a19 .

1 do

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do or dil.ie/17096

Forms: dond, donaib, dunaib, donab, dona, dond, donaibhí, dunaibh, donahí, dom, domsa, damsa, duit, dait, deit, det, dit, duid, daid, duitt, duitsiu, deitsiu, detsiu, détso, detsi, dutsi, d, do, dóu, dou, dáu, dossom, dosom, d, di, díi, disi, dúnn, dunn, duún, dúun, dún, dun, duin, dú(i)nn, dúnni, dunni, dúni, dúinniu, dúnai, dúib, duib, duíb, dib, dib, daoibh, dúibsi, dúbsi, dóib, doib, duaib, dáib, doaib, doibsom, dom, dum, dot, dut, dot, dod, do, do, dia, doa, diar, dear, dar, dia n-, doa n-, dua, dá, dia n-, da, dona, donach, do

prep. with dat., leniting (see GOI §§ 435 . 832 ).

Forms: do (usual at all periods); du often in O.Ir., Wb. 5c14 , 33b6 ; Ml. 15a16 , 16a7 , 90a7 , b13 ; Acr. 13b3 ; Thes. ii 240.16 , 241.4 , 242.10 (Ardm.), 294.4 ( SP ii 16 ), 45.29 ; du Chaissil, AU 714 ; du for fogail, SCC § 13 . dó, Ml. 15d3 . dú, Wb. 5d19 .

In Mid and early Mod. Ir. often da, dá, esp. before cech: da cech tráth, LB 261b38 ; dá cech duine, PH 3985 ; dá bar n-óid, 5963 ; da gach nduine, Keat. iii 2087 (poem).

Vowel generally elided before vowel of f: d'agbáil, SCC § 29 . d'is cech réta, § 32 ( do facbail, Laws iv 206.14 ; do foghnumh, 250.6 Comm. ).

Freq. confused with 1 de, di, q.v.

With article: sg. dond irsolcoth, Wb. 22d27 . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 . dund fercach, Ml. 22d13 . Thes. i 498.21 (Ardm.). dund insi, SCC § 17 . dunt foirbthetaid, Ml. 14c8 . dunt imluad, 15a17 . don chomursain, PH 2748 . don fhairind, 4959 . pl. donaib, Wb. 7b1 , Sg. 69b7 . dunaib, Acr. 8a2 . Thes. i 497.16 (Ardm.). dundaib (archaic), Thes. ii 247.12 ( Cambr. 38a ). donab, 33.28 . Mid. and mod. Ir. dona.

With art. and í: dond, Wb. 3c31 . pl. donaibhí, Sg. 156b7 . dunaibh, Wb. 2c10 . donahí, Ml. 46c7 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. dom (usual in Wb. and Sg.), dam (in Ml.). domsa, Wb. 3c33 , etc. damsa, TBC-LL¹ 1110 . 2 s. duit (usual in Wb. and Sg.). dait common in Ml., TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (LU). deit, Wb. 6a11 , 12 ; 28d15 , etc. LL 275a50 . det, Wb. 5b29 . dit, 5b32 . Sg. 179a4 . TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (YBL). duid, TBC-I¹ 531 . daid, 1042 (YBL). duitt, PH 7915 . duitsiu, Wb. 6b14 . deitsiu, 30a8 . detsiu, 32c12 . détso, 6c7 . detsi, IT i 130.27 . dutsi, PH 4092 . 3 s. m. and n. commonly d, Wb. 1c12 ; 1d20 , etc. do, 2a2 ; 2c6 , etc. dóu, Trip. 218.24 . dou, Todd Lect. vi 57.10 . dáu, Trip.² 2862 . Trip. 338.22 . Thes. ii 294.3 ( SP ii 15 ). With emphasizing part. vowel usually short: dossom, Wb. 6d10 ; 9d8 . dosom, 3b7 , etc., Ml. 14a4 . f. d, Wb. 11c13 , etc. di, 7b3 . díi, Fél. 4.9 . With emphasizing part.: disi, ACL iii 309.10 . 1 p. dúnn, Wb. 2d13 ; 25c9 , etc. dunn, 26b1 . duún, 3a12 ; 4b10 ; 25c10 . dúun, 4b11 ; 10c21 . dún, 14c8 ; 20d15 , etc. dun, 14c9 . duin, FB § 49 . In later lang. dú(i)nn. With emphasizing part.: dúnni, Wb. 1a3 ; 3c15 . dunni, Ml. 110d12 , 13 . dúni, 121b13 . dúinniu, IT i 129.2 . dúnai (: clūdhai), ACL iii 298 § 58 . 2 p. dúib, Wb. 3b8 , 12 ; 6c25 , etc. duib, 13b3 ; 33b8 . duíb, 24a26 . In Mid. Ir. also dib, PH 761 , 1075 ; dib, 1433 . In later lang. daoibh. With emphasizing part.: dúibsi, Wb. 3b13 . dúbsi, 15d8 (a prima manu). 3 p. dóib, Wb. 6c24 ; 30d8 , etc. doib, 1d6 ; 12b2 . duaib, Thes. ii 238.13 ; 240.17 (Ardm.). dáib, PH 7392 . doaib, Sg. 50a3 . AU 687 , 797 . SR 7272 (sic leg.). With emphasizing part.: doibsom, Wb. 13a31 . ¤sem, 28d19 .

With poss. 1 s. dom: dum, Thes. ii 241.12 ; dumm imdídnaad, 13 . 2 s. dot: dut, Ml. 2d5 . Mid. Ir. dot, dod, do do. 3 s. dia; doa, Anecd. iii 48.5 ; 58.9 . 1 p. diar, Wb. 2d2 . dear (archaic), Thes. ii 245.8 (Cambr.) Mid.Ir. also dar: dár ṅdeeb-ni, PH 709 . 2 p. do far fírianugud, Wb. 3b27 . do bor mbrethugud, FB § 57 . do bar taig, SR 4829 . dia bhar saighidh, BNnÉ 303 § 12 . 3 p. dia n-. doa n-, Fianaig. 34.12 . Mon. Tall. § 59 , 62 . dua, RC xi 452.141 . Later also dá. See ZCP xxiv 227 ; xxv 254 .

With rel. dia n-: indí dia ruchretsid-si, Wb. 8c11 . intí dia ndílgid-si, 14d24 . secht mbráthre dia mbo . . . carcar, Fél. July 10 . dua mberar, Mon. Tall. § 11 . See 1 is. Mid. Ir. also da (dá): dontí da tucus, IT i 124.22 . With neg. dona, donach: dona-robu gnath, Ml. 129d3 . fer . . . dunar-ructhae act oentuistiu, Thes. ii 241.9 (Ardm.). do nach bis on to him who has it not, Laws iv 240 .

With alaile (araile): dialailiu, Ml. 87d13 . IT i 67.8 . díarailiu, FB § 55 . diaroli fir, PH 1483 .

To, for, etc. Used in O.Ir. Glosses (a) to translate Lat. ad, Wb. 3b14 ; 30d10 ; 16b5 (cid do uáir gl. etsi ad horam, the Lat. being literally translated), Tur. 35 . Ml. 15a16 ; 16a8 . Sg. 3b30 ; 67b10 ; 188a18 ; 217a7 . Thes. i 498.23 . (b) to render a dat., Wb. 9b8 ; 18c2 ; 28a5 . Ml. 2d10 ; 15b8b ; 17c11 . Sg. 20a6 ; 41b12 ; 69b7 ; 193a3 ; 209b6 ; 214a3 . Acr. 8a2 ; 13b3 . PCr. 65b2 . Thes. ii 34.29 ; cf. Caeur .i. do Chaieur (Cáieur being explained as dat. of Cáier), Corm. Y 698 . Hence:

A Introducing the terminus ad quem; in phrases expressing purpose, etc.

I Of destination after vbs. of motion, etc.: cumtach don fothu building to the foundation, Wb. 8c18 . téicht do Róim, Thes. ii 296.3 . lotar dia crích, FB § 56 . eirg dot thoigh, BS 44 . ho persin do persin, Sg. 209b12 . o thír do thír, SR 6835 . a inad d'inad, Laws iv 36.12 . With ellipse of vb. of motion: co cúalatar culgaire carpait dund insi (coming) to the island, SCC § 17 . Hence with pron. 3 s. n. expressing motion, see 2 dó. With abstracts: massu thol atomaig do that drives me to it, Wb. 10d26 . adcuiretar do hógi they return to integrity, Sg. 73b2 . Similarly in expressions like téit do applies to, téit do láim, gaibid do láim; dabeir d'a óid, etc. (see 1 téit, gaibid, lám, etc.).

II With follg. vn. in phrases expressing purpose.

(a) Prec. by vb.: is do immarchor chóre dotíagat it is to carry peace they come, Wb. 5a5 . todiusgadar ind anim do dénum maith, 5c18 . ní du for fogail dodeochammar-ni, SCC § 13 . dul d'fhios na sagart dá nglanadh, TSh. 375 . Cf. further: indíi adchobra-som do hícc those whom he desires to save, Wb. 28b1 . cid comarlecther foraib do daul immach that leave should be given them to go out, Mon. Tall. § 53 .

In prayers, wishes, etc., with ellipsis of vb.: Día dom chobair ar cech ṅguasacht (may) God (come) to my aid, Hy. vi 3 . cíall Dé dom imthus, Thes. ii 356.8 . dó (do +3 s. neut. pron.) to that end, for that purpose , anticipating a follg. vn. or clause or referring to a foregoing one: is do arroiéit-sa gratiam, do precept do chách, Wb. 6d14 . dó dobreth biad la Duid, | dia nertad, SR 6450 . acht má dothisad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa I will not go though . . . should come to force me, Trip.² 1355 . is do dodeochadsa . . . con-écius duib a scel-sa, Ériu ii 104 .

(b) Prec. by noun: dliged remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu a law of providence to distinguish between good and bad, Ml. 19d2 . huare nád robatar suin do shlund in dúildetad, Sg. 45b1 . nidat uain dia n-airlegunn thou hast no leisure to read them, Anecd. v 2 .

(c) Prec. by adj.: irlaim do dul bais, Wb. 16a3 . gilla comadas do faire dūine ríg, FB § 89 . is saidbir in spirut nóeb do thídnocul cecha maithiusa, PH 5454 . ni bfuil rí . . . is fearr do thabairt tuarustail, Ériu viii 136 . Cf. also: batar inricci du báas worthy of death, Wb. 5c14 .

III In follg. in sense of Eng. as (lit. for the purpose of being, to serve as): bíid-son do thogarthid this then is (for) a vocative, Sg. 78a2 . pauper laṡuide do fhemun he regards p. as a feminine, 64b5 . bíit a triur do anmaim ind eiúin gl. vultur et vulturus et vulturius, 93a2 . non fit do anmimm díles, 31b21 . conid riagolda caro dond ainmmnid c. is regular as the nominative, 93b5 ; 104b5 . mōrthar occa Cathluain . . . do rig foraibh, Todd Nenn. 140 . daine chaithit do biudh they eat human beings as food, RC xxxiv 308 . ó taoi dam' iarraidh d'óglách since you want me for a servant, A. Ó Dálaigh l 16 .

IV With vn. to express the idea of entering upon or continuing in a state or action: a mbátar do lepthugud when they were (on the point of?) going to bed IT i 67 . cid 'mo atai diar lenamuin? why art thou pursuing us? SR 1722 . mun beith cailleach an mhuilinn d'atach Christ frim, BS 122 . Impers.: do muintir in fhir atathar do crochad, PH 3172 . Used redundantly: int Ísu oc a raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 . in banliccerd occatathar d'iarraid, Anecd. iv p. xvi = oc atathar cuingidh, p. 93 .

With poss. in passive sense: an uair bhíos dá chor amach when he is being evicted, TSh. 794 . go raibhe dá ilchéasadh so that he was being tortured, 564 .

V The construction subst. + do + vn. In sentences of the type (a) ansu liumsa ind oís anechtir dia fius it is more grievous to me that the outland folk should know it, Wb. 16d12 (where ind oís is virtual subject of the vn.) and (b) ní date leu in coimdiu do crochad it is not agreeable to them that the Lord was crucified (lit. to crucify the Lord), 8a6 (where in coimdiu is virtual object of the vn.), the O.Ir. construction is identical; in both sentences the case of the nouns oís , coimdiu is determined by their syntactical relation to the whole sentence, that of subject, while do + vn. stands in syntactical relation not to the whole sentence but to the noun, its function being that of a gerund. Similarly in the sentence: cocarad chaingnimu du denum he loved to do good deeds, Ml. 14a8 , the subst. caingnímu is the object of the sentence while du denum has the meaning for the doing, to be done. Exceptions are, however, frequent, see below. In each of the sections 1-4 the subsection (a) consists of exx. where the subst. is the virtual subject of the vn., (b) of exx. where it is the virtual object.

1 Subst. is subject of the whole sentence and therefore nom. case.

(a) dofórmaich fochricc dosom sochude do creittim tria precept that a multitude has believed through his preaching increaseth the reward for him, Wb. 1b5 . issed as brig la Dia menmae do biuth hi figraib that the mind should be in the symbols, Thes. ii 255.13 . saoth lem int aos leigind do dul ind ifern, ZCP viii 470 . ba lonn lais in mnai cuil do bith oc Hiruath he was indignant that the adulteress should be with H., PH 861 . (Infl. of Lat. accus. and infin. constr.?)

(b) is maith int óis éula do accaldam, Wb. 3c4 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu, 5b42 . nipu techta in briathar diadhai . . . do scriphund ind oenluc, Hib. Min. 96 . is cóir ind almsu do thabairt, PH 6136 . With accus. of subst. (in first two exx. perh. dat. for nom.): is ferr dó in almsain do thabairt, PH 4969 (= melius est elimosinam dare, LB 47b55 ). dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimorcain, PH 6870 . ba machtnadh lasna Felistindaibh na fioru nomarbdais d'faicsin do cathughadh friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 146 .

2 Subst. as object of sentence (rarer in O.Ir.).

(a) nisn-águr dom díchill I do not fear that they will neglect me, Hy. v 105 . rocúala in n-eress cetna do fhorbairt, Thes. ii 311 . ni fitir in mnai dia brath he knew not that the woman was betraying him, SR 3207 . rocuala Sattan in uli noemu do shubugud, PH 3819 . With nom. for accus.: cuirfid [diabul] na boill d'fhognum do fén, 7799 . atfét Lucás aingil do thidecht do nim, 3043 .

(b) cocarad chaingnimu du denum, Ml. 14a8 . itconnacabar bar náimtiu do bádud, PH 1713 . forcongair D. cnamu do thabairt hi cuthi, 1219 . With nom. for accus.: atbert fria múintir int apstal do thuarcain, PH 2141 . atbert Ner na hapstail do cúibrech, 1858 . atcondairc-som ind figeill . . . do dílgud, Mon. Tall. § 22 .

3 Subst. is governed by a prep.

(a) for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotėt híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . fre terci . . . do tecmung, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

(b) hua anmmaim ailiu do thórmuch friss, Sg. 30b4 . Cain Patraic . . . cen chleirciu do marbad, Thes. ii 306 . tria doirse . . . na cathrach do forbrissiud, SR 5348 . ar meisge ó chaoraibh na fíneamhna d'ithe, TSh. 8421 .

4 Subst. in genitive relation to sentence.

(a) cui[n]chid flaithiusa Dé do thuidecht, PH 7907 .

(b) cen imcabáil `cum nobis' do epirt, Sg. 203a8 . ruc leis tásc a muintiri do marbad do E., FB § 69 . tar cend cissa ┐ indmussa do thabairt do, PH 51 . ré linn choróine do chur ar an impire, TSh. 661 .

5 The construction subst. + do + vn. may be used absolutely with force of the Lat. gerundive: ind .u. do accomol frisin fers ṅdédenach the `u' is to be added, Sg. 136a2 . um do glanad i nderiud ferso `um' is to be elided, 136a1 . Hence in continuation of prec. clause: dia n-oscailter in chomla sa ┐ diabul do ligad istech if . . . and the devil be admitted, PH 7797 . is mairg thic annsa saegul-sa ┐ na huilc-si do thecht trit, 7791 .

6 Subst. + do + vn. replacing finite tenses (esp. in annals): Góidil immorro do rad dib o Goediul Glas they are called G., Thes. ii 316 . Lugaig du gabail rige nErenn took the kingship of Ireland, MacCarthy 306 . bellum do madhmaim for hU Fiachrach, AU 815 .

B Introducing a dative.

I Introducing indirect object (generally name of a person).

(a) With trans. vbs. denoting giving, granting, assigning, offering, etc.: do-beir, daimid, do-indnaig, dálaid etc. (see under individual vbs.). With vbs. of telling, revealing, promising, etc.: in-fét (ad-fét), as-indet, (Mid. Ir. indissid), do-adbat, do-airchain, etc. Under the same head may be placed cases like: hore doninfedam etargne Crist do chách we inspire in all, Wb. 14d32 ; do Christ cachain ailli unto C. he sang praise, Fél. Apr. 26 . Exceptionally with as-beir says: asbert G. do na feoldenmaigib, PH 1432 . With vbs. of ordering, commanding, advising, etc.: lasse forcongur fírinni dúib, Wb. 19d25 . rohordaig in guth dona nemdaib, SR 606 . ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. p. 12 . molaid do advises (but molaid + acc. praises ). With vbs.of forgiving, remitting: dorolaig Dia do in n-uaill dorigni, Ml. 50d15 . romaith C. a dá trían . . . dá thigernu, LL 111b40 ( RC xiv 430 ). With vbs. of asking, entreating, praying, etc.: frecre do neoch immechomarcar duit, Sg. 197b10 . condartin do arrogáid dom what he asked of me, 209b26 . cech ní rochuinges do Dia, Thes. ii 318.39 . With vbs. of ascribing, referring, imputing, etc.: a n-adruirmed do Abracham what has been reckoned unto A., Wb. 2d7 . duaisilbi do a scribend, Thes. ii 225.28 . So also with as-beir ascribes; assigns (a name), calls: asbeir-som a n-accobor don spirut, Wb. 4b3 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib do-gres (referring to Gemini), Sg. 73a11 . is airi asberthe emisarius don buc the goat was called `emissarius', Tur. 110e . Similarly with vbs. of naming, gairmid, ainmnigid. With vbs. of allowing: issamlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis, Ml. 14d10 . nir fulaing d'ēnduine a glacudh, ZCP ix 248 . With vbs. of causing, doing (someth. to someone): imfolngi comrorcain do sochaidi, Ml. 56b9 . dogní trumai ndo causes heaviness to it, 20a19 . Of comparing, adapting, etc.: ithé sidi conṅdelggaddar do persanaib, Sg. 39a11 . dligid is entitled to takes do (later de) of pers. (see dligid).

(b) Freq. in intrans. constr. with vbs. denoting to serve, yield, obey; rule; oppose, injure, offend; satisfy, please; believe, trust; thank (atluchedar buide); assent; greet; answer, correspond; suit; indulge, spare, pity, etc.; deny, refuse (a number of these verbs show other constructions also, see s.v.): bad dú Dia fognem gl. Domino servientes, Wb. 5d19 . roirladigsetar genti do hiriss, 7c16 . sléchtid Isserninus du Pátricc, Thes. ii 241 . Currech Life . . . is terc rí dia rodamain to whom he yielded, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tigernaigit ┐ follamnaigit do na cóic gradaib, PH 6242 . cor urchoidigh a truma dóibh, CCath. 2075 . manu toltnaiged do, Sg. 72b6 . rochreitset do precept, Wb. 24d23 . atluchur do Dia, 3b19 . an olcc dia cocéitbani to which thou consentest, 1c10 . co robennach cach díb dia chele, Thes. ii 335 . frisgair in testemin-se dondaib dligedaib, Sg. 193b6 . immidaircet do Christ which are appropriate to C., Ml. 2d4 . arcessi do neoch bes meldach less, Wb. 4c19 . dlomis Fíacc dóib, Thes. ii 242 . Also with vbs. of happening, befalling, meeting, etc. , including certain cases of intrans. vbs. of motion: ni do cach brethir tecming persona not all vbs. have personal inflection, Sg. 161a1 . is ann dorala dosom a denam, Thes. ii 299 . amal forcoémnacair do Loegairiu, FB § 83 . doroacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . intan tanic dó lobrai, Thes. ii 318 .

(c) With many adjs. and abstracts denoting proximity, likeness, equality, identity and their opposites; relationship; figurative relations (fitness, propriety, possession, etc.) and feelings (in sense towards, Lat. erga). In many cases it is hard to decide whether the ex. belongs to this or the following section (II): is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . fri praenomen cosmail do, Sg. 28a15 . is cotarsne don dúalig in sualig, Wb. 9b8 . immar-bdais meic dó, PH 4097 . húere atta mbrāthir dūnd since they are kinsmen of ours, ZCP viii 316 . combat irlithi geinti do hiriss obedient to the faith, Wb. 7c14 . is do is dír anní is psalmus , Hib. Min. 281 . is foluss dún it is evident to us, Sg. 40b14 . rop trócar rí nime dún, Hy. vi 23 . do bhádar cennsa do Chiarán, SG 3 . serc Dǽ dúibsi et for serc-si do Dia `God's love to you' (rather your love for God, etc. , see III (c) below), Wb. 18b21 . is miscuis do Dia, 3d33 . écennais . . . do na pecdachaib, PH 3478 . do marbadh iad ó esgcáirdib dhóib by enemies of theirs, SG 7 .

(d) After certain interjections: monuar dhamh, BS 40 . ach ach do ail alas for the stone! LL 181a32 . ach do phéin, ACL iii 236 § 10 . uch d'aithis, LB 106b57 . uchachan . . . don gabad fil ar mo chinn, ACL iii 233 . fochen duit a Loig, SCC § 16 (cf. fochen Conall . . . fochen Cet, IT i 103 , 104 ). mochen duib, IT i 99 .

II Introducing the person (or thing) interested in an action, state, event, or circumstance.

1 Dat. of interest in strict sense (including the dativus commodi vel incommodi) after vbs., substantives, and adjs.

(a) fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlaind, Wb. 29d23 . condaig indocbáil dia thigerni et non sibi ipsi , 8d20 . roshuidig . . . manistir dó (= sibi monasterium conlocavit), Lat. Lives 91 . tafnetar coin alta dí wolves hunted (it) for her, Hy. v 60 . ni accim maith dúib I see no good for you, TBC-LL¹ 1780 . noco treciub duit . . . immāin tāna bó Cualṅge I will not abandon for thy sake, 1661 . dona hurtroighib rodolba Banba do macaib Miled which B. fashioned for (= against) the sons of M., Corm. Y 949 (dat. incomm.). nech diuscai debuith dia brathair who stirs up mischief against, Ériu vii 162 . cuimnigidh . . . do clandaibh Cuinn a n-anuabhar remember against, ZCP xiv 229 .

Freq. with parts of body, somet. in combination with a poss. pron.: ní forroim cid drisiuc for toind dó, TBC-I¹ 1206 . co rogab sonn in dúne dóib dar sróin, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó, PH 2331 .

The dat. incommodi is freq. after vbs. (both trans. and intrans.) denoting a hostile movement, attack, etc.: dosleic dóib he shoots at them, SCC § 7 . focherd N. aurchor dó, TBC-I¹ 1292 . rodibairg in ngai dó, RC iii 178 . atraig cech fer di alailiu, IT i 67 . dús in fagbad . . . taidbsiu (leg. taidbsin?) do thir na talmain, SR 2584 , cf. 5823 . mairfit Ulaid a mblechtach do gressaib ┐ glammaib . . . dar cend a n-enig the U. will kill their milch-kine (to ward off) attacks and lampoons (in Folge von Beleidigungen und Satiren, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1737 .

(b) After nouns and adjs.: rop ámm tusmeda do mnái in rig, Lat. Lives 66 . oénach diar n-ócaib a gathering-place for our youths, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . lx bliadan robo lān do Patraic, Thes. ii 313 . ba terc cach n-adbar dó, Imr. Brain i 52 . in lám is dílmain dom my disengaged hand, Fél. p. 200 . Esp. after a subst. employed as pred. with the copula: sóire do chách ar sóire-ni, Wb. 14b11 . togu damsa aní sin, Thes. ii 225.18 . issi in bānmartre du duiniu, 247 . ní lesainm dait Cuculaind, FB § 11 . anas muir glan don nói . . . is mag meld . . . damsa, Imr. Brain § 34 .

Note also: attroilli dúnn delegi (= diligi) a nobis he deserves of us to be loved by us, Wb. 2d13 . is doib-sin rochan in senchaid of them the shanachie has sung, Fianaig. 4 . sir in baile . . . don litin search the town for the porridge, SG 243 . do bhatur . . . ag iarraidh Erenn do scela Tana, ZCP ix 244 . atcondairc-siom ind figeill . . . do dílgud i Tamlachti do Chaindech excused for (in honour of) C., Mon. Tall. § 22 .

2 After the copula folld. by an adj. or abstract denoting what is desirable, advantageous, usual, fit, lawful, right, indifferent, necessary, etc. , or the reverse, for a person, the virtual subject being generally a vn., infinitive phrase or clause, e.g. is áil (maith, olc, mairg, bés, gnáth, cet, cóir, dliged, geiss, cumme, écen, etc.) dó; further in a variety of expressions such as: is fír (gó) dó; is cian (éim, fota, mithid) dó. For exx. see these words, and cf. further: nír fhírda dó dul don chath, SR 6903 . ba féliu duit th'immfholuch oldás teiched it were nobler for you to hide yourself, TBC-LL¹ 1973 . is col dúin dia foirglem it is a sin for us to assert it, Fél. Ep. 98 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind, ACL iii 327 § 30 . ni hidan lais dondhí da taberr a thaechtad he does not consider it clean dealing for the person . . . to keep it, Mon. Tall. § 41 . Contrast: is maith dom it is good for me with is m. limm I deem it a good thing: is lesc lim-sa inní sin, bar C., teiched ria n-oenfer . . . Ni lesc ám duit-siu ón, bar F., dáig techfet-sa remut-su, TBC-LL¹ 2875 . ní ba fochen leu a forcital the teaching will not be welcome to them, Wb. 30d7 . is fochen dóib they are welcome, IT i 99 . is ced dó a bith marb masa ced ra Dia let him die (lit. he has leave to die) if God permits, Moling § 62 . in annso is áil duit airisiumh? — Massedh as áil le Dia, as ann, BNnÉ 17 § 30 . in tol damsa . . . anadh sunn? is it (God's) will for me to remain here? 79 § 152 .

3 Used as the Lat. dativus ethicus (dative of pers. interested in a statement) with an imperative; only with pronouns: an dún we pray thee to wait, CRR § 6 . apair dam fri mac Saráin, Ériu iii 96 § 1 . teilg-su dún orchur forru, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . ling dūinn lēim dona lēimennuibh sin rolingthea, BS 62 .

4 Used with subst. vb. to denote loosely possession, appurtenances, etc. ; freq. with an adv. of place, in which case it is hardly to be distinguished from cases given under II 1 (a) above: issed file do hodie this is (the form) it has at present, Sg. 140a3 . ataat ilsenman dosuidiu it has many sounds, Wb. 12c46 . dechor inna pían bete donaib pecthachaib, 13c26 . fail a mor-abba dam I have good cause, TBC-LL¹ 219 . ni bia tarba do draidechta duit, PH 2187 . ni be mundteras dó fri banscala let him have no friendship with women, Mon. Tall. § 61 . Exceptionally with copula: ? combed doib foraithmet bed torbach that there should be to them a profitable recollection, Ml. 23a2 . bid duit rige Lagen co brath, Thes. ii 341.19 . céinmair dia mba findchride, Imr. Brain § 28 .

5 With subst. vb. in the idiom: atú dó I am concerned with him, have to deal with him, generally with hostile significance I am angry with him, have something against him; oft. in impers. constr.: ished inso romboth dossom that is why they were angry with him, Wb. 19a9 , cf. 5b31 . is hed dathar dún gl. maledicimur quod speramus, 28d4 , cf. 21c9 . ni nach cin aile notaid dom it is for no other fault you are hostile to me, 19d26 . cid tai-siu don mac? what have you against the lad? TBC-LL¹ 1041 , cf. 940 , 1144 . rohinnisedh dó in fāth 'ma rabas dó, Moling § 51 . cidh 'ma bfuile damh?, ZCP x 10 . tacram a scel . . . atái dam `the matter with which thou reproachest me', Ériu vii 225 . The idiom: cid di atái? what ails thee? LL 202a9 , where do is used with neut. rel. pron., may perhaps rather be explained as an elliptical construction under the head A II; as also the later idiom: gá táim dó (why should I dwell on it?): furtacht Banba . . . gá ttá mé dho . . . ag so an té dar tairrngireadh, 3 C 3, 633.11 .

6 Used with ellipse of copula in the interrogation cid dó . . . ? why (does) he . . . ? (lit. what is it to him? with emphasis on pron.): cid dait gan a gabail aní gabas cách? why dost thou not take . . . ? TBC-LL¹ 3042 . cid dún can techt i n-agid Conculaind? why should we not go? TBC-I¹ 1484 (LU). cid duit mo ṡarugadh-sa do dhenamh?, ZCP viii 553 . cid dait-siu ná bad lat in curathmír why shouldst not thou have the champion's bit? FB § 8 .

7 Often used in impers. constr. after the copula to introduce the virtual subj. when the predicate is (a) an adverbial expression, or somet. (b) an adj., or (c) an interrog. adv.

(a) ní úainni duib-si ye are not from us, Wb. 18b9 . ní i n-óen diaithir doib they are not in one orbit, BCr. 18d5 . fora fóessam dún may we be under their protection, Hy. v 106 . bá doigh leo comad a sídib di, TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). fa righ ┐ sagart Melcisideic ┐ mar an gceudna do Chríost, Eochairsg. 26 . Especially after DE followed by noun in pl. to denote class to which the virtual subject belongs (see Bergin, Ériu xi 149 ): de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit B. was a Jew, T. a Gentile, Wb. 18d6 . di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31b2 . robo do mnáib glicca in domain di, Acall. 7426 . Note also: is de corpore dissi (i.e. the eye), Wb. 12a26 . Freq. joined with expressions of time, the copula being omitted: bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, FB § 1 . for tuili doib . . . cethracha lá ┐ aidche, SR 2523 , cf. 4820 .

(b) ní segda dom, Trip.² 1765 . madh calma duitsiu inā dósom if thou art more valiant than he, Ériu v 152 . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin that Fate is stronger than we, CCath. 4072 .

(c) can duibse? whence are ye? Sg. 242a2 . can deit a ingen? TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). cinnas do a rad . . . ? why should he say . . .?, Thes. ii 311.19 . cinnus do sluagh tire Temrach? how is it with the host . . .?, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 .

8 Freq. used after vbs. in impers. construction, esp. compds. with imm- denoting reciprocal action: ní 'manacige dó frim-sa he shall not see me, Ériu ii 194 . comorogaib dóib a ndís the pair grappled with each other, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . imatarla doib, Anecd. v 11 . imatarraid dūn, ib. immotaéth dóib both sides will fall, LL 275a30 . immacomsinitar dóib, FB § 38 . With intrans. vbs.: ó thánic dóib co dérgud, FB § 80 . ó do chomraic dóib i n-aeninud when they met, SG 360 . anais don Caillin i Tul[aig] C. remained, Fen. 180 . With subst. vb.: fil dún ó thossuch dúle cen áiss we are without age, Imr. Brain § 44 . fochtus Diarmait innus na bé ndi, RC xi 129 . Cf. further: robá-sa i n-imṡnim mor . . . co roglé dam till I arrived at a decision, IT i 98 . co roglé dó a caithim uile, BNnÉ 300 . co tair damh-sai aislingi . . . d'indisin duit till I have finished telling you my dream, MacCongl. 117 . With ellipse of vb.: as tir duit get thee out of the country, RC xx 24 . dún sís dond ath down with us to the ford, TBC-I¹ 1193 . dochum na chuchdiri dóib, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

III Introducing agent after passive (finite), verbal of necess., and (most freq.) vn.

(a) After pass. vb.: imberthar fidcella dún let us play chess, SCC § 3 . toirimt[h]er tōraind in lis don mnái, Corm. Y 502 . doberar dam duid gid ni nar chuindgis thou shalt receive from me, YBL 167a4 . doces do co roba ben he perceived (it seemed to him?) that it was a woman, Todd Nenn. 210 . cumachta na flatha dia tardad in fín, LL 282b3 `by whom the wine was given', Meyer, GJ iv 217 .

(b) After verbal of necess. and participial adjs. compounded with in-: ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach n-énirt, Wb. 6c19 . ni denti duib-si anisin, Ml. 82a7 . connarb inríata dó in chonar, FB § 36 . is inchreidte dóibh they ought to believe, Eochairsg. 21.34 .

(c) After vn. both of trans. and intrans. vbs.: airitiu colno do Christ, Wb. 31d2 . tre atlogud buide donaib nóibaib thanksgiving by the saints, 17a3 . slige dund aingiul inna nAssar the slaying of the A. by the angel, Ml. 16c12 . rena richtin du Pool before P. reached it, Thes. i 495 ( Ardm. 107b ). fer do marbad do Moise, SR 3726 . scrin Dochoma do briseadh doaibh, AU 797 . (Intrans. vb.) magthad lasuidiu cretem do geintib, Wb. 5a1 . oc techt dam dar Maig L., SCC § 34 . buid domsa i n-iriss, Wb. 5b20 . iure feidligthe disi i n-ógi by the principle of its remaining in integrity, Sg. 16a14 .

With IAR and vn.: iarna grísad dond araid on being urged on by the charioteer, FB § 43 . iar ndiultad do Petar a thigerna, PH 605 . iar mbeith ceangailte d'ár lámhaibh (= ligatis manibus), TSh. 6762 . ar gclos a anma d'Éirinn, SG 1 .

do-fíuch(t)ra, do-foch(t)ra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fíuch(t)ra, do-foch(t)ra or dil.ie/17642
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: diuchtrait, dofochtradar, confuchtaither, dofiuchtradar, nifordiuchtror, diuchtraiter, dofiuchtraitís, diúchtra, díuchtrais, diuctra, diuchtraiset, diuchra-, dichra-, do-fochra, difochtrathar, dichrais, diuchtrad

v (analysis uncertain, see Ériu xvi 41 n. 5 and Celtica iv 98 ). Intrans., somet. trans. awakes. Indic. pres. 3 pl. diuchtrait ┐ failtnigit la tuile at the flood they awake and rejoice, Ériu ii 112 § 35 . noco diuchtrat asa cotlud acht tria anfudh mara, 128 § 98 . co ndiuchtrat la gāir na senaingel, 126 § 87 . With depon. inflexion: dofochtradar, TBC-I¹ 3091 = confuchtaither, TBC-LL¹ 5003 . dofiuchtradar, Ériu xvi 37 § 4 . docuredar i suan co ndiuchtradar toraind inna ngāeth till the noises of the winds waken him, ii 112 § 33 . ? nifordiuchtror, IT iii 39 § 31 (see ZCP xix 202 ). Pass. ni diuchtraiter obonn `he is not suddenly awakened', Ériu xii 48 § 61 . Impf. 3 pl. intan dofiuchtraitís asa cess, tictis drēcht díb forsin slóg, TBC-I¹ 1432 . Ipv. 2 s. diúchtra (.i. erig), LU 3526 . Pret. 3 s. díuchtrais in fer asa chotlud, LU 3454 . cotlais afridise ┐ díuchtrais ass, BDD § 101b . diuchtrais úa Domhnaill as a shúan, Hugh Roe 194.22 . dufochtrastar didiu ellam inte Cuculaind, RC xi 448.90 . (Perf.) ro diuctra , CCath. 417 v.l. 3 pl. intan diuchtraiset iar maitin, Anecd. i 62 § 103 . andifochtrassatar co n-accatar bá hí Ráith Mór . . . irrabatar, Imr. Brain i 57.5 . dofochtradar tria chotlud lasin they awoke from sleep, TBC-I¹ 3091 . a ndofochtraiset, RC ix 486 § xvi (= amal rodúisigsed, YBL). Note also: diuchtrais dorcha n-aidchi aire ` dispelled ' (reading díthrachtais of v.l.), Ériu xii 142 (TE).

With stem diuchra-, dichra-, do-fochra. Indic. pres. pass. difochtrathar Corc, Anecd. iii 58.14 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. dichrais iarsuidhiu, IT iii 197.17 . diuchrus D. as a chotlud, SG 78.33 . co ndiuchrastair triana codlad, IT ii2 241 . rodiuchrustair Find, RC xiii 7.13 . in tan doriuchraisit confacatar ní, IT i 145.13 .

Vn. diuchtrad.

do-foirndea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-foirndea or dil.ie/17657

Forms: dofoirndea, dofoirnde, dofoirṅdet, tofhóirndet, tóirndet, dofhoirde, dofhoírdet, tornebad, tororan-som, dosrorann, dosrorainn, dofoirndither, thórnter, dufornditer, tórann, toirndide, toirndithi, dufoirndither, rothairind

v (* to-fo-rind-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 603 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. dofoirndea, Ml. 2d2 . dofoirnde, Sg. 59b1 . 3 pl. dofoirṅdet, Sg. 26b16 . tofhóirndet (rel.), 72b5 . nád tóirndet , 25b12 . With omission of ¤n-, dofhoirde (3 s. rel.), Sg. 203b4 . dofhoírdet, 203b11 . Condit. 3 s. tornebad, ZCP viii 306 . Perf. 3 s. tororan-som, Ml. 29b8 . dosrorann, SR 4422 . dosrorainn, 152 . Pass. pres. s. dofoirndither, Tur. 55 . thórnter (rel.), Sg. 59b18 . pl. dufornditer, Ml. 65c16 . Vn. tórann.

(a) expresses, signifies (usual sense in O.Ir.): gl. significare, Sg. 59b1 , 18 ; exprimere, Acr. 11c3 ( Thes. ii 5 ). inna trisecht tra dofoirndea sin in treodataid, Ml. 2d2 . dufornditer a ngnimae inna rig tri delba ban the deeds of the kings are represented by figures of women, 65c16 . tororan-som trisin doit in gním gnís in do[i]t, 29b8 . is aimser derb dofoirnde inna hilur (the word `dies') expresses definite time in its plural, Sg. 66b10 . dofoirnde in son ┐ a folad inchoisig expresses the sound and the substance which it signifies, 9a12 (`it determines the sound'). is he candadas inna ndegnimae són . . . dofoirndither trisin mbrat find, Tur. 55 . in brat-sa is ed doforne co mbēra-sa mac (interpretation of a dream), Lism. L. 798 . imrum Maelidūin dofóirne rūin richid rāin, Anecd. i 74 § 223 . ised doforne na .v. bairgena iar sians .i. na .v. oessa in domain, LB 149a6 . cid doforni sin, a chleirigh? what do you mean? BNnÉ 306 . cid toirnes gāir gāithi, Hib. Min. p. 39 . tucad int ainm sin iarsin n-inde thoirnes, PH 6934 . na dā descipul . . . issed dofornet sin, 4551 . atat cethri forcométésa . . . asa tórniter rúin ┐ sians, 3510 . amal rothoirned comach a chuirp . . . tria brissed na bairgine, 5315 . ? a cossa ┐ a llama in .l. eolach dosruarannsom which he indicated, BB 495a42 .

(b) traces, marks out, delimitates (a design, site, etc.); common meaning in Mid.Ir.; for transition cf. follg. exx. from glosses: toirndide (part.) gl. templum auro et argento distinctum, i.e. marked out, Ml. 143c1 . toirndithi descriptos (toros), well-defined (muscles), Acr. 26v3 ( Thes. ii 8 ). dufoirndither gl. (tuum mihi nomen . . . in contumeliam pudoris) impingetur, is brought against one as a disgrace (the Ir. may mean is made to express or possibly glossator connected impingere with pingere = paint, portray), Ml. 86a2 . Hence: dofornde P. crois isind licc cona bachaill, Trip.² 857 . dobert C. a sleigin do ┐ doforne ogum n-ind, IT ii1 178 . indelba .i. anmand na n-altora . . . arindi dofornitis intib delba na ndūla adortais, Corm. Y 752 . co roroind (toroind?) sigin na crochi i fragid in tempuil, PH 2095 . With transference of obj.: gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti ┐ doforni oen na n-aisill isin luaith he traces out (a circle with) one of the legs (of the fork), Ériu v 72 . Esp of a site for building: tair cuccum . . . ┐ toraind in reclés, Trip.² 970 . dororaind Patraic Ráith nAirthir, 953 v.l. (doraind, text). in glóruill . . . | dosrorainn i coic [c]ressaib marked it out into five zones, SR 152 . bid amne ind eclas . . . | feib dosrorann int ardrí, 4422 . daroraind fot ┐ lethet ┐ airde ina heclaisi, PH 6352 . is e toirrnebhus mu relec (= cemiterium designabit where meaning seems rather will retrace, point out ), Lat. Lives 112 = ise foillsigfides moligisea, ┐ tórindfess morelicc, Three Hom. 100. 8 . eirgid in clerech ┐ tornid in chill, ZCP xiii 26 . conid he roclaidh ┐ rothorainn (dororaind, v.l.) an cill, BNnÉ 300 § 2 . toimhsis ┐ tóirnis a tempull, 207 . rothórainnsett an chill ┐ an relecc, 14 . co rothóraind si dóib in dún cona heo, RC xvi 281 ( Dinds. 161 ). Macha, is lē rothornedh Emoin, 45 ( Dinds. 94 ). rochum cathraig . . . dia luirg rostorna is dia deilg, Metr. Dinds. i 6 . tóraindter rátha . . . lib damsa, RC xxvi 132 § 2 . dofóruinn impi tóraind na ratha, ACL iii 326 . toirneas an tiprait, Lism. L. 967 . for Feicc doroirned ar lecht, Fianaig. 10 § 4 . Occasionally confused with do-airindi lowers: co rastocaib ┐ co rastoraind he took it (the statue of Saturn) up and set it down again (for rastairind), LL 230b1 ( TTr. 975 ). rothoraind a rosc forsna huigib, MR 24 = rothairind, FDG 171 . See also do-rinda.

eclais, eclas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eclais, eclas or dil.ie/19585
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: eclis, eclais, eclas, eglais, eclais, æclis, ęclais, eclais, eagluis, eglas, æclis, eclais, ecailse, æcaillse, ecalsé, ecals, ecailsi, ecals, eagailse, eagails, eguilsi, eclais, eaglaise, eagluis, e(a)gluis, eglais, ecolso, ecolsa, æcolsa, æccalsa, ǽccalsa, ecals, egals, eaccalsa, ecalsæ, æcilso, ecailsi, eccailsi, ecals, eagluiseadhe, eagluiseach, ecalsa, eagalsa, ecails, eclasae, eculs, ecailsib, eagailsib, egluisibh, ecalsai, eclas, eaglas, eagluisead, eagalsadh, æccalsa

n i, ī, ā, f. (eccles-) n s. eclis, Wb. 16d6 . ind eclais , Tur. 60 . (ind) eclas , SR 4421.4923 . LU 116a38 . Fél. p. 4 . BB 341a45 . PH 3423 . 6896 . an eglais , O'Dowley 15.11 . v s. a eclais , Ml. 65d14 . 66c1 . a s. æclis, Wb. 28d26 . ęclais, Ml. 65d5 . eclais, SR 4440 . eagluis, 1 Corinth. xvi 19 . eglas, YBL 154b22 . d s. æclis Wb. 11d16 . 28d24 . eclais, Ml. 64c5 . 66c2 . SR 4484 . g s. (a) (inna) ecailse , Ml. 65d1 . Tur. 48 . LU 30a25 . æcaillse, Wb. 22c20 . ecalsé, SR 4242 . ecals, Cáin Ad. § 39 . § 45 . ecailsi, IT i 186.15 . SR 4924 . Trip. 16.31 ; 28.13 . ecals, Cáin Ad. § 34 . Trip. 2.18 . eagailse, TSh. 3475 . eagails, Studies 1919, 439 . eguilsi, Fl. Earls 20.27 . (b) eclais, Laws iii 10.16 . eaglaise, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 623 § 15 . eagluis, Acts viii 1 . Rev. ii 1 . Luc. Fid. 389 z . e(a)gluis, Romans xvi 5. 2 Cor. i 1 . eglais, O'Dowley 15.15 ; 20.20 . (c) ecolso, Wb. 13a3 . ecolsa, 11d6 . æcolsa, 12b18 . 13a27 . æccalsa, 9c7 . ǽccalsa, 7c8 . ecals, Lism. L. 2459 . 2553 . Acall. 2888 . Ériu ii 204.20 . ACL iii 307 § 17 . egals, Cáin Ad. § 53 . eaccalsa, Studies 1921, 75 . ecalsæ, BColm. 26.2 . æcilso, Wb. 22c11 . n p. (a) ecailsi, RC xxvi 38.9 . eccailsi, Cáin Ad. § 31 . ecals, Laws v 14.10 . Cáin Ad. § 30 . (b) eagluiseadhe [sic] 1 Corinth. xvi 19 . eagluiseach, Romans xvi 4 . Rev. i 20 . (c) ecalsa, Lism. L. 3923 . eagalsa, RC xxvi 38 n. 9 . a p. (a) ecails, Trip. 110.18 . (b) eclasae 122.2 . (c) eculs, Fél. 4.17 . d p. (a) ecailsib, Trip. 8.2 . Maund. 50 . eagailsib, Keat. iii. 310 . (b) egluisibh, Rev. ii 13 . iii 22 . (c) ecalsai, Lism. L. 36 . g p. (a) eclas, PH 5589 . Todd Lect. v 58.11 . ( eclaise, PH 1663 , etc. is not written out in the MS.) eaglas, IGT, Decl. § 130 . (b) eagluisead, Rev. i 20 . IGT, Decl. § 127 . eagalsadh, § 130 .

(1) the Christian church as an institution, whether regarded as a visible organization or a spiritual community of believers: i n-ellug inna æcaillse, Wb. 22c20 . 7c8 . rocar crist innęclais, Ml. 65d5 . Tur. 48 . PH 7502 . in spirut dorinfith ind eclais, Trip. 2.7 . forsinn æclis .vii. gradich profetauit lesus, Ardm. 170b2 = Thes. i 496.29 . in eclais Cristaige, PH 568.587 . don eclais cechtarda phetarlaicthi ocus núfiadnaise, FA 1 (LB). ind eclais nemdai ┐ talmanda PH 5339 . Hib. Min. 10.319 . rúine na hecalsi noīme, Trip. 2.18 . a horduighthibh na hEagailse naomhtha, TSh. 3475 .

Attrib. gen.: aís æccalsa (gl. sanctos) Wb. 9c7 . mac ecalsa a cleric Acall. 6771 . Brénaind cona macaib eccalsa, Moling § 9 . RC xiv 58 § 72 . iar ndol dia hurd ┐ dia macaibh eccailsi, AFM vi 1924.22 . ar esbuidh daoíne egluisi óa bhfuighdís béaloideas spioradalta, O'Dowley 99 y .

persa e. : cleric, clergyman: F., espucc Ratha B., ba hesidhe pearsa ecclaisi ro ba mo ainm...ina aimsir, AFM iii 470.16 . imat do mhiltibh persa eguilsi, Fl. Earls 186.30 . persa ar bioth eagailsi, Biocáire, no Minisdir oile, Statuid, pref. to Bk. of Comm. Prayer 1608 . cia as troma...persa eagluisi...ina tuata ?, Luc. Fid. 104.17 .

(2) in a more restricted sense, a local church or community of believers; a unit of ecclesiastical organization: ɔdidaccadar cach eclis (gl. ostendite in facie aeclesiarum) Wb. 16d6 . nách sain sollamain la hEgeptacdu ┐ la heclais in descirt uli, PH 6922 . orba gaibter o flaith no o eclais from a chief or from a church Laws iv 48.3 Comm. mad muilend tuathi...mad muilend ecalsa a church mill Ériu ii 204.20 . do ḟágaibh leagáide...ag eagailsibh prinnsiopálta Éireann, Keat. iii 3092 . an eaglais ba prinnsiopálta san ríoghacht, 308 . Esp. a monastery: seissir is cóir ind-ecluis, adon airchinnech ┐ seccnabaid, fer léighinn ocus coig, fer tecuisc ocus fer timthirechta, ZCP iv 234 . flaith ocus a ceile, eaclas ocus a manaig, Laws v 480.14 . ii 344.2 . fuidre flatha, daermanaig eclaise, iii 10.16 . manach eclaisi aile, v 432.13 Comm. e.¤ dalta a daughter-church or monastery (?) see Wortk. 212 (1919) . eagluis dalta included amongst communities from which the abbot may be elected, Laws iii 74.17 Comm. cf. 74.2 . e.¤ láin a monastery entitled to full honour-price: eaclas lain gach eclus uili otha eclas in da apsdal dec tiri Gaedel imach [no (add. H 3.18 )] in cathair adig. in eclas lain o bias epscop no fear legind ina hoirchindecht no o focolebus espoc no fer legind cuigi amuig atait .vii. cumala a n-eniclann a hoircindig, BB 341a45 = Laws v 54 .

(3) clergy: ite saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine, Laws v 14.10 (with gl.: ecalsi .i. graid ecalasa). comhdháil uaisle is eagailse Éireann nobles and clergy Keat. iii 1219 . uaisle is eaglais Éireann, 5574 . ar a phríomhchomhairleacha, mar dobhí eaglais a thíre ...a ollamhain seanchais agus leighis, Maguires of F. § 14 .

(4) a cleric : cis lir filidh ro-seghadh coimhdhire fri flaith ┐ eagluis? 'how many poets attain the same honour-price as a lord and a churchman?', UR 46.1 . cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa 'every craftsman who manufactures articles for a lord or a churchman', Críth G. 1486 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cis lir fodlai for soíneimthib? ... a cethair - ecnae, eclais, flaith, fili; it é doírnemid dánae olchenae 'how many divisions are there of noble privileged ones? ... four, ecclesiastical scholar, churchman, lord, poet; the remaining craftsmen are base privileged ones', Ériu xl 8 § 1 .

(5) a church, a building for worship: arimbad and furruimtis a n-eclis, Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). dorónad eclais coem cumdachta ic Constantin do popul De, PH 480 . oc toraind ecailsi bicci, Trip. 88.17 . do coisecrad eclaise ┐ tempul, PH 254 . rofotaig cill ┐ eglais, BB 234b45 . Of the Tabernacle: co nderndtais doib eclais nglain | ocus ind arcc testemain, SR 4187 . 4213 . arali sacart...ro chumdaig ecluis o lecuib logmaraib .i. eccluis robui ina chill shrine (?) RC xx 428 . Cf. Keat. iii p. 106 . baile eguilsi a church town Fl. Earls 20.27 .

2 éim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 éim or dil.ie/19800
Last Revised: 2013

adj prompt, ready, timely : éimh .i. ésgaidh, luath, ullamh no maith, O'Cl. airlicud éim `ready hiring' Tec. Corm. § 3.33 . corop éim ar cobair úaib, LL 308b3 = SG 389.20 . corbo éim ┐ corbo ellam, MU 8.32 = LL 262b46 . Boand ainm ind usci éim ( : reim), Ériu vii 229.23 . ferais failte uasail ēimh, ZCP viii 219 § 16 . ina toraind eolaich éim (: rēidh), BB 162a17 . As adv. : taric éim (v.l. eim, em, emh) frit toscai comes quickly Fél. July 19 ; cf. Metr. Dinds. ii 10.11 . Ériu vii 223.13 . érig suas co héim, LL 307a11 = SG 386.23 . inmis E. go héimh | ann soin cealg n-aghmhar n-aigmhéil, 3 C 12, 198 . is é dom it is timely, opportune, for me : it tromda na fuli formsa, ba héim dam mo íc, TBC-I¹ 1807 . is é.¤ lim I deem it timely, seasonable (?) : ni cotalta co mba ēim lat (until you are drowsy?) ZCP iii 29.36 . eim .i. maith, ut est tain ba heim leis imghabail na sleige, O'Curry 1366 ( H 3.18, 625 ). badid nemhethar (leg. n-éimithir), TFrag. 44.7 .

i néim, anéim (< ind éim?) timely, prompt, opportune: is téoir ineim...bar C. Cid teoir ineim duitsiu é, ní ba teóir anéim dúnni it is timely aid, said C. Though timely for thee, it is not so for us TBC-LL¹ 2970 ( = tóir anemh, St ; is cobar in inneimib, TBC-I¹ 2189 ). dom ficibsa [sic] cobuir cōir | fo bithin is tōir a n-ēimh ( : réil), ZCP x 47.22 . rop slán aneim damsa so, TBC-LL¹ 2416 . inéim rop slán 2417 = iniam bid slán, TBC-I¹ 1750 . (The expression in-éim must be distinguished from the adj. anéim untimely, unready : an-, am-, diultadaig...amal rongab nath ┐ annath, eim ┐ aineim, Corm. Y 23 ). ba émh tar anem, CCath. 552 . (na hob eim nachit-tair aneim reject not the timely lest thou be overtaken by the untimely. vl. add.) Freq. in etymological glosses, e.g. mani toir etach co héim, gl. on : muna torma tlacht, Laws iv 36.16 . ni himaircide .i. ni heim airechta, Auraic. 3159 . See Laws vi 295 .

3 forrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 forrach or dil.ie/23849
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f. apparently an area of more or less defined extent; a meeting-place (O'Don. Perhaps orig. same word as prec., denoting an area measured off): F.¤ Patraic `P.'s meeting-place' (on a hill), Trip. 188.12 , 16 . luid hi forraig macc nAmalgodo, 134.10 . dororainn a loc leis ┐ forruim a forrich, 192.3 . co tóraind forrach and (of enclosing a piece of territory), Ériu iv 152 § 32 . pl. ad agrum qui dicitur Foirrgea filiorum Amolngid, Ardm. 14b2 ( Thes. ii 268 ). Here, probably: f.¤ giall co Dún S., Leb. Cert. 22.3 = farrach g., 69 . (v.l. cric[h]ad, BB 267a43 ). A prerogative of the King of Ulster, perh. the extent of territory within which hostages might be considered under his control. In PRIA liv (C) 21 n. 9 described as vn. of for-rig `binds' but the existence of this verb is doubtful. See next.

Cf. Forrach in n.l., Onom.

imbel ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imbel ? or dil.ie/27299

Forms: imell, immbel, imill, imbiul, imli, imliu, imill, n-imeal, imeal, imeall

n Orig. n. cf. imell n-uim, ML² 2002. Later m. n s. immbel, Trip.² 468. g s. imill, Cog. 92.5 . d s. imbiul, IT i 131.18 . n p. imli, Cóir Anm. § 32. a p. imliu, LL 6b29 . imill, CCath. 2024. g p. na n-imeal , AFM iv 674.9 . imeal, imeall m. IGT Decl. § 53.

(a) Of an object: edge, rim, border: ciumhais, oire, imeal, buinne, Eg. Gl. 120. eochair .i. imeal, O'Cl. immbél a scíath fría smechu, Trip.² 468. sciath argdidi co n-imbiul oir imbi, IT i 131.18 . fichthir cath Hua Fiachrach | la feirg faebair tar i.¤ , RC xvii 137.16 . a da himel `both ends' (of a cake), Laws i 106.26 Comm. no innarbad ... co medón in tiúil ┐ in fecht n-aill coa imel, LU 192. dorat a imill for falmaire indara long `he put his taffrail upon the helm of one of the two ships,' CCath. 2024. co tarrla indara slegh díbh i n-imell (i fircleite, v.l.) a droma, 2027 . d'[fh]is na flesc fuirmti im imlib na haltora, BB 242b23 . clár ... ┐ do dhéana tú imeal dó ... ┐ do dhéana thú coróin óir timcioll fa gcúairt don imeal labio, Exodus xxv 25.

(b) Of a place, margin, border, brink, confines: ar rob íad r[e]anna ┐ imli Muman ferann chlainne hEbir intan sin `Munster's points and borders,' Cóir Anm. § 32. roindarbtha tra sīl nĒbir i n-imlib Muman, ZCP viii 303.16 : ro innarbsat Bretnu for imliu na hindsi, LL 6b29 . riched ... ó medón co hi.¤ , Fél. Ep. 343. co fail a n-dún (i.e. Dun Sobairche) ... uas tuind tibrig fria tóraind | sund for dib n-imlibh Erend, LL 17b2 . gabsat caladpurta a n-immlib na hardchatrach, Alex. 103. a imli `its borders' (of a green), Laws v 328.5 Comm. fer imill Aifi `a man from the borders of Aifi,' Cog. 92.5 . tighearna tire Conaill ┐ na n-imeal ccomhfoghus dhi, AFM iv 674.19 . do chuir cabhlach d'argain imill na Fraingce, Keat. ii 6227 . ó chríochaibh imill na cruinne a luach súd `de ultimis finibus,' TSh. 10691. a scailp ... do leith-imel na sligedh, Fl. Earls 162.9 . gan imle chothaighte chruid `without borders in which to maintain cattle' (of an enclosure), O'Gr. Cat. 475.30. do rinneadar foslungphuirt a Netam a n-imeal an fásuigh, Exodus xiii 20. Of a mountain, foot, side: dochóidh an fhairgi .ix. troighti o imel an tsleibi amach, Maund. § 200. ni gabadh acht imle sliabh ┐ cimsa cúan, Expugn. Hib. § 83. cumhain lem-sa trí tulcha | ... | do reithed liath na trí mbenn | ó atá imell co himell, SG 115.2 . créad fa mbeinn ar bruach t'imil | a chnuic thall, d'éis Fhéidhlimidh, DDána 64 § 28. sgaoiltear dhúinn gadhair mhic Mórna | fá imeallaibh cnoc na dtáintibh, Oss. iv 20.22 .

Of a river, sea, etc., margin, brink, shore: uisce imill .i. lympha , Ir. Gl. 69. o bruichib srotha ... Licc ┐ o imblib srotha Inaich, TTebe 1442 . for imblib in tragha, CCath. 2754. tech ... do bai ind i.¤ ind atha, Ann. Conn. 1244 § 5. an Bhanna 's a himle ag Áodh | sibhne fanna tréna fér, IGT Decl. ex. 1365. do dheachattar drong díobh co h-eochair-imlibh an chuain, AFM vi 1926.1 . cúan ... ┐ biáidh a imiol go n-uige Sídon, Gen. xlix 13.

(c) Of a group, edge, outskirts: i n-immblib int sluaig, SR 3755. duine duthair deroil fil a n-imul in airechta in the outermost part of the assembly, Lat. Lives 77.10 . ar imell catha na n-allmarach `on the flank of the battalion of pirates,' Cog. 176.4 . rob iat rig-clanna ... Rudraigi ... ba gaíbthige cimsa ocus cath-imli `who were most terrible in the borders and flanks,' MR 216.21 . bearn a himeal na bhfear bhfeardha | ní bhean biodhbha, DDána 111 § 19. a fhilleadh go harnaidh | re himeall i n-iomghuin, 98 § 17. go bhfaicfeadh sé as sin leithimiol an phobail `the utmost part of the people,' Numbers xxii 41.

Compds.: ¤bán fair-bordered: im Maig Aidne immelbán, Todd Lect. iii 164.12 . ¤bord edge, rim, border: oc frithailemh brath-bémenn a mbidhbad tar imellbordaibh na long, CCath. 1998. co himellbordaibh in fhuarda adhfhuair oighreta fó thuaidh `to the edges of the cold icy frigid zone in the north,' 292 . cuarsciath cona himelbord imdaingen iarnaidhe, 5315 . roerig grian ... seach immelbord talman `beyond the earth's borders,' TTebe 2196 . daig is in n-immelbordaib int shrotha sin robid a hait ┐ a hadba, 186 . ro chéimnighsiot ... dar imealbhord a longport amach, AFM vi 2282.12 . ¤chaín fair-rimmed: do sciet[h]aib imelchaini, CCath. 4947. ¤chrích border-territory: bá intechta a himmelchrícaib in domain dia taidbriud, LL 234b13 . ¤chrín worn at the rim: scéith imellcrína arsaidhi, CCath. 482 . ¤chró: ? a naimdi ina n-imiullcro bodhba (sic leg.) `their foes in their warlike border,' CCath. 2753. ¤chruaid hard-edged: cuarsciath ... imelchruaidh, CCath. 5313. i gcrioslach a sceith ... imelcruaidh, MR 284.6 . ¤glas green-bordered: ós ind hErind immelglais, Todd Lect. iii 192.2 . a hiath Aidhne imiol-ghlais, ML² 1453. co Cumar-tri-nUisce n-imelglas, AFM v 1560.4 . ¤learg border-slope: g p. an chuid eile da haghaidh | mar uan imillearg abhann, DDána 49 § 12 . ¤mér finger-tip: budh iomdha ré moltaibh fáidh fan bhfionnorlár | 's gáir bionnorghán le hochtaibh imeilmhéar, DDána 70.13 . ¤sceng: an fhirmimeint fá imilsceing chíordhuibh the firmament beneath a canopy of darkness (?), Hackett xxxix 55. ¤tiug thick-edged: léigidh dhon uisce imilltiugh teacht iona hionad, Atlantis iv 168.1 . Cf. eochair-immel s.v. 1 eochair RIA Dict.

léiciud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léiciud or dil.ie/29768

Forms: leciud, léciud, lécud, lecun, lecud, legod, lēigen, ligen, leagan, lecadh, lecan, leiccen, leigion, leicthe, léigthe, licthe, leicctiu, leccti, leiciud, lécud, licad, lecudh, lecon, lecun, leccad, légen, légadh, léiccen, léigean, légadh, leagadh

u, m. vn. of léicid. In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with -e-, with non-palatal quality of the -c-, and with -n- endings except in gen. n s. leciud, Ml. 105b 16 . léciud, Ériu ii 65 § 8. lécud, LU 3922. lecun, 3905 . lecud, Laws v 366.14 . legod, iv 214.28 Comm . lēigen, ZCP xiv 240.12 . ligen, vi 85.10 . leagan, Dán Dé xxiii 13 (: sbreagadh). a s. lecadh, Laws ii 240.10 Comm . lecan, v 478.14 Comm . leiccen, BNnÉ 248 § 201 . leigion, Duan. F. ii 256 § 33. g s. leicthe, LU 6965. Aithd. D. 98.24 . léigthe, 23 K 42, 122.10 . licthe, Fianaig. 52.13 . leicctiu, CCath. 5128 (leccti, v.l.). d s. leiciud, Sg. 127b3 . lécud, Fél. Apr. 21. LU 8151. licad, Laws i 172.22 Comm . lecudh, 86.z Comm . lecon, v 442.10 Comm . lecun, i 100.13 Comm . leccad, Grail 3675 . légen, BCC 104.13 . légadh, Hugh Roe² 328.z . léiccen, 112.32 . léigean, Keat. ii 5260. Cf. also leicsin, Laws v 508.5 Comm . légadh, IGT Verbs § 71. leagadh, § 36 .

I

(a) act of loosing, releasing, throwing, hurling : T. . . . do léccadh dua Raghallaigh was set at liberty by O'R., AFM iii 306.8 . Of blood shedding, letting : cro fir frisaige leca fola nad urgair `who is present at the shedding of blood which he did not hinder', Laws v 236.14 . an fhuil d'fheucoin a haithle a léigthe, 23 K 42, 122.10 . cuisle do legin, Rosa Angl. 30.7 . do bithin cuislinne do leicceadh dhó, AFM iii 218.4 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . ina dumha sealga ┐ ina lāthair licthe (of a hunter), 52.13 . Of a particular kind of cast: léciud ón co forgabáil, TBFr. 237.

(b) act of allowing, permitting : lecud creice cen urgaire `allowing a sale without prohibition', Laws v 366.14 . lécud na mmucce do rainn dam that I be permitted to divide the pig, Sc.M² 8 (léicid in muic etc., v.l.).

(c) act of leaving alone, abandoning : is dech a llecud ammain manini aithriged `if they do not repent it is best to leave them alone', Mon. Tall. 128.5 . iar lécud cech ṡubai having given up, Fél. Apr. 21 . ainmne, nechte co nóibi, / léciud sechte co sóibi `putting away of hypocrisy', Ériu ii 65 § 8. Act of putting away, repudiating (a wife, etc.): a bith coa lécud do Choin Ch. (of Fand), LU 3955 ( SCC 45 ). mná arna légad d'fearuib, IGT Verbs ex. 623 . D. . . . do lecad do, Ann. Conn. 1339.7 . dob ail le hIoseph Muire do leigin tre ed, Smaointe B. Chr. 465.

Various: i llobud do cána . . . .i. laebad no i licad do riagla `slighting thy rule', Laws i 172.22 Comm . is luaithe mé . . . / ná an luingeas ar ligean na taoide `suffered to swim with the tide', O'Gr. Cat. 593.30 . l.¤ scíse, l.¤ éloid see s.vv. scís, élúd.

II With prepositions.

(a) With A act of allowing to escape from, releasing from: ar leciud o Persaib as ind fognam hi robammar `our release by the Persians', Ml. 105b16 . can a lecan as in druim fri lias not to allow it out of the cattle-shed, Laws v 478.14 Comm . alma ┐ éiti . . . arna lécud asa fáltaigib, MU² 390 . a lecan a gemil he was released (of a prisoner), RC xviii 196.x . gan a léigean go flaitheas Dé a purgadóir, TSh. 4266. Hence with 3 s. n. of prep.: logh einiuch nama do lecin as, cin seotu `the amount of honor-price only shall be let go', Laws ii 38.16 Comm . re lecadh as imurro ata in laogh `the heifer calf is to be spared', 240.10 Comm . can a lec(h)ud as `not allow him to escape', Cog. 146.4 . fer cúibrigthi . . . do lecun . . . ass, PH 2809.

(b) With AR: na heicne-sea do lecun arna Tiabandaib, TTebe 1616 . deór uisge do léigean ara theangaidh to let fall on, TSh. 6164 . docunnaic corp aga ligen ar lár isin halla righda being laid down, ZCP vi 79.8 . tug ara chámhulluibh a légion ara nglúinibh made his camels kneel down, Gen. xxiv 11 . an long do lēigen ar a haradhain fēin seachnōin na fairrge to let the ship drift, Fl. Earls 12.26 .

(c) With CEN: a lécun cen a frithardad `let them alone without distressing them', PH 1953.

(d) With CO: a lecud chuice to let Him have them, PH 4441. a leigean gusan áit si as nimhnighe, Mac Aingil 3708 . ro nocht a claideam ┐ ro thriall a lecun co heslind `proceeded to direct it to a vital spot', TTebe 3391 . gur uo himairgidhe dōip a lēigen gach ndīrech gusin fFrainc `to make straight ahead towards France', Fl. Earls 10.19 . ig légon usce goa caírib watering their sheep, Celtica iv 22.274 . Cf. (f). bás bréige do léigean chugat `to feign death', Keat. ii 2511 . ┐ é (sc. Dia) ag léigean druinge oile go hearr a n-aoise, TSh. p. 166.

(e) With DI: lēigen fercon dā héill loosing a bloodhound from its leash, ZCP xiv 240.12 . na daine a[ta] a ngoiri do bas dlegar ligin da faistine an tan [sin] one should cease their prognosis (treating them) (?), RC xlix 57.5 . With personal form in reflexive sense: Maolmhaedhócc . . . do léigen comhorbais Phattraicc de `resigned', AFM ii 1054.15 . an righe do léigean díobh gan imreasan to relinquish, Keat. iii 137 . a léigean díot . . . an ní atā d'fhiachuibh ort (i.e. a sin of omission), Parrth. Anma 3333 . reacht Macamétuis do lēigion dhíot a ngeall ar chreideamh Críosd to give up, Beatha S. F. 2595 .

(f) With DO act of allowing (to go) to, granting, ceding: in cauradmir do lécud do nách aile do Ultaib to allow anyone else to have . . . , LU 8151 ( FB 11 ). icc iarraid bar leicctiu don cath, CCath. 5128 . a lecun can cath . . . do Gallaib (of land), Cog. 68.12 . eadh ┐ cairde do lēcud dō fri hiaraidh in scēoil sin to grant him a respite, ACL iii 4.16 . corp . . . mo cetmunnteri can a legad d'ethaidib . . . aeoir not to leave it at the mercy of, TTebe 4638 . mairg chleachtas do chumus féin / do leigin duit, a dhroichmhéin, Aithd. D. 79.2 . Of watering animals: ac lecun uisci da echaib, TTebe 2773 . oc lecud usqi dia n-indilib, Celtica iv 6.5 . Cf. (d). With vn. act of permitting (to do, be done): seilg Eirionn do leigean dó, Duan. F. ii 38 § 25 . imthecht do lecud don tṡluag, TBC-LL¹ 1783 . gan a léigean dó féin faill do dhéanamh, TSh. 1691 . a lēigen dō fert do c[h]laidhi do Mogh N., ML² 291. t'fhastud gan do léigin do dígail a críche, Comp. CC 90.17 . can chuirp na nGreg do legan do loscad not to allow the bodies of the Greeks to be burnt, TTebe 4760 .

(g) With ETER: iarruim ar Osgar na ngniom ngle / leigion eadrom is Caoílti to leave me to deal with C., Duan. F. ii 256 § 33.

(h) With FO: a leigin fá eathaidib áeoir to leave them to the birds of the air (of bodies), TTebe 4588 . ic lécud gaíthi ┐ grene fóe letting wind and sun play on him, LL 9024 (TBC). dethtach do legin futhu fon medhon to fumigate it (the nose), Rosa Angl. 156.20 . log enech fir in faesma don athgabail do lecun fo caill `is to be forfeited', Laws i 100.13 Comm . Cf. aen trian d'fir na athgabala ┐ in aithgina (sic) do lécan fo chaill to let the (question of the) restitution lapse(?), O'D. 1483 ( E 3.5, p. 47 ). gan a leiccen fo éra `not to refuse them', BNnÉ 248 § 201 .

(i) With FOR: a [ḟ]réna do thuaslocad ┐ do leiciud foraib `to loosen its roots and to give them free course(?)', Sg. 127b3 (word omitted after leiciud? note). ni ba miad le nech aili do lecud fuirri (of a mare), TTebe 2283 . gan ní as moo do légen orra not to allow any more to come upon them (of soldiers entering a besieged city), TFrag. 232.9 . gan tren a nesccaratt do leicen forra `not to suffer the might of their enemies to prevail over them', AFM iii 364.z . ar lēigen a truim forra after leaning their weight upon them (spears), ML² 1491. iarna lecan for enuibh (of falcons), Marco P. 90.

(j) With FRI: iar lēcud ind ide frisin sruth letting go with, TBC-I¹ 633 . fuair curach gan frichnum imruma fair ach a legan re coigidal na gaithi allowed to drift before the wind, Ériu iii 152.17 . nir miad leis a legin ris to allow it to affect him(?) (a wound), TTebe 3490 (`he did not deign to show it', cf. next). gan rún . . . do léigean ré n-a mhnaoi to divulge, Keat. ii 5260.

(k) With I: oc cuinchid a lleicthe issa tech, LU 6965 . in nathir rotguid dimm a llecud i Pardus, MacCarthy 54.24 . gan iad do leigion a bhfaillíth go brách not to neglect them, Párl. na mB. 791 . gan faill do légadh isind iomshuidhe, Hugh Roe² 328.z (fo. 81a) .

(l) With ĪAR: bleogan na n-earc . . . do lēcad īarsan abaind co hUltu, Ériu ii 22.19 .

(m) With LA: ro faem drem dib a lecad leó `to permit them to accompany them', Grail 339 . rogaidh-sim Sir G. ima lecadh leis ce[ch] conair no dhighsedh, RC x 185.11 . do íarr ar C.C. a bendacht do lecen les to send his blessing with him, BCC 234.21 (§ 233) . a uille do lēicen leiss to rest his elbow on it, Fl. Earls 216.26 . Act of forgiving; conceding to: mo sbreagadh fa char id cheann / fearr dhamh iná [a] leagan liom `better for me chastisement for opposing Thee than indulgence', Dán Dé xxiii 13 . gan a pheacaidh do leicin leis, ITS xxix 149.23 . moran na peaccadh do legan let, Smaointe B. Chr. 1885 . cech dail ima raibi F. do lecad les `was conceded', Ann. Conn. 1255.15 .

(n) With ó relinquishes, allows to escape : in trian fil it láim . . . do lécud úait ra blíadain do Chonchobar, MU² 78. nocha n-uráilend dligedh ar in fechemuin toicheda in athgabail do lecin uada, Laws i 210.18 Comm . ro ghab curu umun flaithius do legadh uadh a cinn bliadna, D IV 2, 77rb13 . cach uili mhaith do leicin uadha ar son dímhainis a indtinne = amittuntur, ITS xxix 142.31 . as fair deisidh . . . a légadh úaidibh to allow them to escape, Hugh Roe² 184.23 (fo. 47a) . In more positive sense: Cormac . . . do lecud uadib da ḟiss cid bái sind áth to send C., TBC-LL¹ 705 . oca fhurail for Hiruath in mnai colaig do lécud uad to put away, PH 865. ? mo leigin uait d'éis a ndearnais / a Dhia Athar iongnadh liom, DDána 26.18 .

(o) With SECH: a legod seocu gen logh `to let it pass without a fee', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 n. 2 ( Laws iv 214.28 Comm .) (of water being drawn across another's land). dorigne C. .xl. fodail don tsrut . . . ┐ a leccan n-a min-srotaibh seacha, BB 7a7 . nír ghnáth leo a leigen seaca / a gcuid dar gceird fhileata to neglect, L. Cl. A. B. 163.25 . in triar is taire do lecon sech laim `the three worst are to be set aside', Laws iii 40.7 Comm .

(p) With TAR: do leicin na doininne tarrsib `to let the storm pass over them', Grail 3535 . ni coir duinn a dermad . . . no a lecen toraind to neglect, BCC 416.29 (§ 367) . ni da ligan torat lais gan ceartughadh, ITS xxix 133.17 .

(q) With TRE: tug si cloidemh . . . cuicci ┐ rob áil a ligen trithi budhein, ZCP vi 85.10 . nobithe tremsi ocaurcilliud ┐ oc legcud(e) usce trit `watering them' (crops), Mon. Tall. 156.10 .

III With adverbs, etc. o gabail rígi do Dauid co lleccadh na braite for culu till after the release from captivity, BB 6b39 . F. do lecad amach do Gallaib `was released', Ann. Conn. 1232.12 . in bantrocht da lecud immach do ṡaigid in meic to send out, TBC-LL¹ 1357 . lá a leicthe amach `to get rid of my sins', Aithd. D. 98.24 . cret tái cen t'anál do lécud immach anossa?, PH 8134 . a anal do legin amach, Smaointe B. Chr. 3928 . a sheile do lēigean síos to swallow, Parrth. Anma 3049 . sgath (sgaith, v.l.) m'uaille níor fhulair dhamh / do leigean síos ré séanadh `I must humble', Dán Dé xxii 6 . madh cead lé mo leigin suas `let me ascend', Aithd. D. 97.8 .

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace(?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach, DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail, AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech, H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis: athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

maidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maidm or dil.ie/31304
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: maidb, madm, maidm, diumaidm, madmaim, madmuim, maidhm, maighm, madhma, madmanda, madhmann

n n, n. and m. With final lenited: n s. maidb, LU 4443. g s. madm, Ml. 84c6 . d s.? dia maidm , 85c6 (where Ped. reads diumaidm, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 574 ). madmaim, TBC-LL¹ 2883. madmuim, Laws v 208.6 Comm. Later decl. varies: maidhm (maighm v.l.) m., g s. n p. madhma, IGT Dec. § 41 ; but n p. madmanda, g p. madhmann, ib. exx. 1145 , 1137 .

vn. of maidid to which it corresponds in use.

(a) breaking (a battle); defeat, rout, flight ,absol. or with RE of victor, FOR of vanquished. m.¤ riam a victory won by him, Ml. 33b11 . iar mai[d]m chatha forru after their defeat, 84c9 . m.¤ ria nOsraigi for hUib Cennselaig, AU 973. tri madhmanna ria Mac C. for Saxanaib, RC xviii 278.33 (Tig.). trí gáire dimbuaid do ḟlaith . . . gāir a muintire iar m.¤ fair, Ériu ix 46.6 . iar madhmaim for a rioghaibh, AFM 856. do ebert madma for hUlltu to tell of the defeat of the U., TBC-I¹ 3618. cath do m.¤ fair re n-a comlin a battle to be gained over him by an equal number, Laws v 450.30 Comm. ro bris m.¤ for Oibh Nell the Uí N. were defeated, CS 218.16 . ro gab m.¤ for Ulto the Ulstermen were routed, LU 1510 ( MU 52.4 ). rachuala C. . . . in cath do m.¤ fo thrí ris atúaid that the battle had broken thrice north of him (i.e. that his troops had been thrice routed), TBC-LL¹ 5969 = an cath do brissiudh, St. For similar use with maidid, see maidid I (a). iar tabairt madma forru inflicting a defeat, PH 6325. go dtug seacht madhmanna orra, Keat. ii 4547. ro rain .vii. madmand ar Gallaib he inflicted seven defeats, Cog. 82.17 . do gabatar na paganaigh m.¤ the pagans were routed, RC xix 276.2 . lucht madma the routed party, Cog. 24.7 . aés an madhma, AFM vi 2132.25 . i mmaidm nó i mmorthechiud in rout and stampede, CRR 38. tanic i mmadmaim ┐ i teiched o ḟeraib hErend, TBC-LL¹ 2883 = a raon madhma, St. gabaid omun mor in sacart co tanic ina máidm amach came rushing out, LB 144b9 . tháinig 'na mhaidhm ratha, Comp. CC 127.22 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). róe (róen) madma `field (path) of rout', precipitate flight: is roí madma nō techid dam remut-su, TBC-LL¹ 2311 = is a raon madma, St.; cf. 1959 . robadh meince raon madhma ria n-uathath dibh-sidhe for ilchēdaibh do Ghallaibh often a small number of them put many hundreds . . . to flight, AFM vi 2288.11 . an tan ghabhas an t-arthrach . . . raon madhma . . . ag teitheadh, TSh. 2133. iar sōud hi rraenaib romadmai, Alex. 146 , cf. 131 .—Cf. further: hUa R. do leanmuin clainni M. . . . ┐ m.¤ caeraidheachta do buain eistib, AU iii 22.15 (lit. defeat of cattle-spoil, i.e. they were defeated and their cattle taken from them). go ttucc maidhm imirged orra da ngoirthi an gealmaidhm, go rucc creacha ┐ édala uatha `a migratory overthrow' (?), AFM iv 752.7 .

In concrete sense of routed party: luid Macc cecht i ndegaid in madma, BDD 157. leantar in m.¤ ┐ dichenntar móran dibh, Lism. L. 3253. AFM i 26.4 . Of cattle: iar m.¤ dib after they have broken loose (oppd. to: fo fedmuim), Laws v 488.36 Comm.

(b) breaking, bursting, giving way (in physical sense): m.¤ a sceith for a duirnd, Laws v 310.4 . fri m.¤ n-airm, TBC-I¹ 557. cnó-maidm nut-cracking , TBC-LL¹ 4583 , cf. 1366 . ní thernó . . . gan m.¤ leisi nó láirge nó lurgan, Comp. CC 105.20 . m.¤ cridi heartbreak , LL 169a57 . intan blaidfait na craind ic m.¤ , 188c56 . leth ind ugha sin iarna madhmaim, Ériu ii 120 § 58. maidhm talmhan an earthquake , Keat. iii 2399. Fig.: 'ar m.¤ sida etorra breach of peace, CCath. 3289. maidhm síodha eittir Midheachaib ┐ Breifnechaibh, AFM iv 1054.3 . In concrete sense, a fracture, fissure: in m.¤ talman bis aice ina faiche `chasm', Laws iii 254.19 . i mmadmandaib a sliabh clefts , CCath. 864.

(c) a breaking forth, bursting out, eruption: dia m.¤ , gl. irruptione [fulgorum], Ml. 85c6 . ón bhroinigh thruim measa ag maidhm 'fruits break forth from the heavy jutting bough', Giolla Brighde 70 § 22​ . balga a faighnibh meala ag maidhm 'drops bursting forth from their cells of honey', Giolla Brighde 70 § 24 . ceithre loch-mhadhmanna lake-eruptions, Keat. i p. 176 . maidhm rabharta spring-tide , PBocht 26 § 33. atá ag maidhm tré [sic leg.] Mac D. tuile éigse M. is pouring forth a flood of learning, Content. x 23. Of a loud noise, clap, crack: m.¤ toraind , FB 53. drés-m.¤ mor . . . ┐ fogar ingnáth, LB 234b39 . ní cumaing nach ben a feghad cen maidhm a delma eisti (sine crepitu ventris), Fél. 206.42 , cf. Todd Nenn. 202.1 .

For: m.¤ inna boraime ┐ m.¤ na ggiallne Laghen, AU 720 , read naidm(m).

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