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deilm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deilm or dil.ie/15200
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: delm, ndeilm, delm, delmae, delma, delmo, dealman, deilm, delmaim, delm, drithdelm, delmann

n orig. n, n. n s. also delm, LL 356b44 , 36b32 , SR 31 , et pass. (: sern, SR 5029 , but also deilm, 2811 , 3671 , 4983 , etc.), Ériu iv 136.3 (deilm, v.l.), BB 400b19 , SG 253.28 . n s. (with art.) a ndeilm , IT i 67.11 . Later somet. treated as m. or f., SR 5123 , LL 43b41 , 143b29 , delm chert, SR 31 (but d.¤ cert, 1533 ). g s. in delmae , FB 85 , Fél. Apr. 7 ; delma, LL 29b42 , 126a40 , BB 396a16 , Ériu ii 100 § 6 , §7 , 192 § 1 , SG 253.27 ; na delmo , Ériu ii 192 § 1 (v.l.); an dealman , ib. d s. deilm, LL 5b15 ; delmaim, Fél. Prol. 154 , Ep. 127 (-aimm), ZCP iii 22.9 , O'Dav. 641 (-uim). a s. delm, SR 1767 , drithdelm (: iffern), BB 279b4 . a p. inna delmann , Ériu ii 128 § 95 .

I Loud, confused or rumbling noise or din: d.¤ .i. torann, Lec. Gl. 63 .i. . . . foghar no torann, O'Cl. .i. foghur no grith no gair, O'Dav. 641 .

(a) Of thunder, sea, storms, conflict: dochuaid torrainn-breisim isinn aer . . . asbert L. oc cloistecht in delma . . ., SG 253 . a nd.¤ isnaib neluib amal fhogur torainn , Ériu ii 100 . co cúala . . . amal bid fótrond fairrci dimóre. Ni fordámair . . . cen techt do descin in delmæ móir rochuala, FB § 85 . cen d.¤ cen toraind, FA § 35 . dothaet athach gaethe móre . . . conostarat uile i socht mór mét in delma, LL 126a40 . d.¤ in gaeth, 254a10 . do delmaim in mōrchetha, ZCP iii 22. 9 . ria nd.¤ ṅdílend, LL 5b15 (cf. tan tanic diliu, delm n-uag, SR 2265 and LL 6b35 ). d.¤ catha, Fél. June 29 . inna delmann ticfet in mbith la uath mbratha, Ériu ii 128 . Without direct reference to audibility: co torchair tria deilm ngaíthe mori 'until it [the oak] fell in the tumult of a great storm', BCC² 233.327 .

(b) Less freq. of men or animals: ní bec a nd.¤ dogniat ind eoin, IT iii 244 . co ndelmaim a ṅgretha, Fél. Prol. 154 . ró grecha in lenab ina broind . . . `cid diatá a nd.¤ sea', IT i 67 . mo chur fo chrithdelm chaire | i nIffern to doom me to wail and tremble, SR 1767 .

(c) Of noise made in the intestines, crepitus ventris, fart: ní cumaing ben a fegad cen maidm a delma esti, Todd Nenn. 202.1 = Fél.² cxlv (cf. verse ib.: matchí cech ben, báigid braigid). ata ben is'tir . . . maidid essi a d.¤ amal cloich a tailm, ACC Bodl., RC xx 158 .

II Report, tidings, rumour, fame: mór mairg mor d.¤ ṅdiolaiṅg, LU 537 (ACC); hence: easbaidh choluim . . . ac sin an d.¤ díḟulaing, BCC § 364 = an d.¤ dhiofhulaing, O'Cl. s.v. is d.¤ a eolus la hErinn huili his knowledge is noised abroad throughout all Ireland, RC iii 345 . ? na daerclanna gan delm n-oll, BB 279b4 . ca d.¤ is deacra inār nd.¤? (.i. ca sgēl . . . ?), ZCP v 488 (B. na f.). Cf. also: assu leiss cech d.¤ dub dall | indá teidm do threnḟulang any dark mysterious rumour (i.e. disaster) seemed to him easier to bear (?), LL 143b29 .

III The follg. cases are doubtful: cach nd.¤ de cen iasacht, Críth G. 179 (see notes). delm cuinnealg tuatha, Laws ii 102 (= d.¤ conualai tuaith, 122 ), possibly a case of II.

dígáire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígáire or dil.ie/16289

 

Forms: dighaire

n , f. (dígáir) vehemence, impetuosity, hurry: sóifid d.¤ ┐ rosire i mmenmain gach dune (` undutifulness ', Stokes, as if = dí- + gaire, goire piety, but meaning seems rather impetuosity, precipitation), RC xxvi 42 ( Imm. in dá Th. 222 ). ar a ndíghaire ┐ ar a mburba, SG 36 . déine ┐ dígaire in torainn tennretha, 262 . ara dēiniu ┐ ar a dighaire roinnsaighset an cath, CCath. 5715 . la a déine ┐ la a dhioghaire rochingset, AFM v 1358 . la a dhéine ┐ la a dh.¤ robáttar Goill ina ndeadhaidh, vi 1978 . ? Attrib. g s.: fer dian dighaire | triath na tromdaimhe, Rel. Celt. i 125 .

imthoram

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imthoram or dil.ie/28169

 

n great noise, crash?: imthoram an torainn et an tormain .i. sgealgaire na sgiath, RC xi 24.13 .

léicid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léicid or dil.ie/29766
Last Revised: 2020

 

Forms: léagar, leice, leigeadh, leagair, leagar, lig, ligfamaid, liged, reilgi, léiciud, léicci, léce

v ī leaves , etc. Later also with stem léc-, leic-, lec-, lic-. See Vendryes, Études Celt. viii 300 - 4 , Greene, Celtica iv 45 .

Stem léic- (the regular form in Old and Mid. Ir.). Later exx.: -léige, Dán Dé xii 9 (: fhéige). -léigear, ii 28 (: éigean). -léigir, xix 8 (: éidir). -léigeadh, PBocht 11a. 5 (: éigean). léig, Aithd. D. 70.4 (bhréig). Dán Dé iv 16 (: thréig).

Stem léc-: -lécob, MU² 181 . lécfat-sa, 187 . -llécfaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.53 . -lécustair, IT i 121.15 ( TE 7 ). léagar, Aithd. D. 30.5 (: ḟéagadh). L. Cl. A. B. 79.101 (: dtégar).

Stem -leice (: -theipe), SR (Greene) 7869 . leic-: leigeadh, DDána 74.25 (: creideamh). -leicfe, PBocht 2.25 (: eitne). -leig, 7.7 (: creid). Aithd. D. 11.3 (: leig a s. of 1 lía).

Stem lec-: leagair, Dán Dé xxiii 6 (: heagail). leagar, Aithd. D. 36.23 ; 77.12 (: eagal). 36.11 (: eagar).

Stem lic-: lig, ZCP vi 32.15 . -lig, 274.15 . RC xix 368.8 . ligfamaid, Ériu xi 190.7 . -licter, xii 24 § 30 n.4 . liged, ZCP vi 50.5 . No rhyming exx.

With ro: sg. 3 reilgi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 31 . -reléic, LU 381 (ACC). -relic, 7750 . 1211 . -reilic, SR 4787 . -roiléig, PBocht 3.22 (: fhoighéig). -relicc, Hugh Roe² 14.28 (f. 4b) .

Vn. léiciud.

The principal meanings are (a) lets go, releases , (b) lets, allows, permits , (c) leaves (behind), allows to remain. These, together with a number of more specific meanings, are found independently (I), and also recur in a large variety of constructions in which prepositions and, to a lesser extent, prepositional phrases and adverbs either modify the meaning or define more closely the relation between the verb and its logical subject or object (II, III). Under II (as well as I) a number of constructions will be found in which the meaning is goes, betakes oneself, enters upon, begins, proceeds , with or without reflexive pronoun, and also a number in which it is throws, hurls (do-léici).

I

(a) lets go, releases : in lecfide in cimbid? would the captive be set free? Irish Texts i 11.7 . bidbu cach leices bidbudu, Laws i 12.20 . ro léic mo da láim / ro chraid mo da ṡúil has relaxed (deprived of power?), LL 18585 . de roléic . . . / Manannán . . . / Loch Ruide let loose, Metr. Dinds. iv 146.9 . Of unyoking or unleashing animals: co rucar da ech a corait ┐ leicar and and are turned loose in it, Laws iv 96.19 . scoirit a n-eochu ┐ lécit a mílchona, TBFr. 57 . ech Guill . . . / tan do léicthe ar sliab, SG 100.26 . Of emitting shouts, cries, etc.: nos-gonat gillai na n-ech . . . ┐ lecit gair impe, Ériu iii 141.196 . co ro leic guth for Adam, SR 1300 . immus naerfat anflathi .i. lécfit a n-aír, LL 188b51 . in t-en beag ro leg feid, IT iii 99 § 167 . lecat anmanda na pecdach nualla truaga toirsecha, i 192.21 ( FA 31 = ferait, LU 2242 ). leagaid iman ceann gair guil, Metr. Dinds. iii 364.111 . do léigset a ilach commaídhmi ann sin, ML² 1925 . léigid míle cnead is uch, Dánta Gr. 9.19 . Of tears, blood, etc. dia lēctis dēra fola, Bruchst. i 54 § 121 . nolēced dēra fola and dogrēs `used to shed', Ériu iii 116.15 . ar na deraib-sea legim-sea, Aen. 2921. ? lēicidh fuili draws blood, ACL iii 297 § 51 (`leaves bloody lesions', Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 107 ). leagar an cuisle `the vein must be let', O'Gr. Cat. 182.11. Note further: leagar [dá] sgoil féine an fíon `wine is poured forth for his poets', Aithd. D. 5.5 . din gai . . . roleici Lugaid `which L. cast', RC iii 179.30 . leicthi in Liath M. ┐ leth a chunga fo brágit co ndechaid i lLind Léith i Sliab Ḟuait precipitates itself, LL 14004 . lēiciss drong . . . d'athiarraidh in airgit sent, Fl. Earls 88.9 . can eiric eloid d'ic, cid elod legait `without paying `eric' for evasion, even though they evade', Laws v 184. y Comm . is elodh ro leicedh im na tri cet buaib `it was evasion that was effected', i 66.15 Comm . See also s.v. élúd.

(b) lets, allows, permits (freq. with follg. vn. clause): act nand léicci concupiscentia carnalis `only that c.c. does not allow it', Wb. 3d13 . cenid leci in metur tabairt ind anmae triuin frisan ainm n-adiacht `does not allow the substantive to be added to the adjective', Ml. 30a10 . nileic Duaid anisin, 58c6 . cenid relcset Iudei sin, Blathm. 509 . nis leceth a pater ┐ a mummi would not allow her (to go), Irish Texts i 4 § 12. raléicset na colomain allowed him (to come), Metr. Dinds. iv 50.98 . ní relic Cu Chulaind a mmarbad, LU 7750 ( BDD 131 ). ní léic Sadb aní-sein (sc. marbad Maic Con), Fianaig. 36.4 . na longa . . . na leg a loscad, Aen. 333 . nír leig a fhaisnéis `let not be told', PBocht 14.28 . dá leigeadh Dia Éire dh'uaim, Aithd. D. 22.11 . Elliptically: mac in lega leic liaig de let a physician be made of him(?), LL 18786 ( Ériu ix 49 § 30 ). With follg. clause: adeir A. nar leig Dia nach feadfaidh uile-chumhachta in Chruthuightheora athnuaidhechadh do thabhairt do chorpaibh caich, ITS xxix 184.30 . nar leigi Dia co tibradh, Smaointe B. Chr. 750.

(c) leaves, leaves behind, allows to remain : co léce gl. sinas, Ml. 103d16 . léic gl. sine, Sg. 222b4 . léicid iudicium deo `leave ye i. D. ', Wb. 6b29 . cid dia léicid cundubairt for drecht uáib de resurrectione? why are some of you (still) in doubt? Wb. 13b12 . a theglach . . . / as-bert nád léicfed dílechtu `would not leave his household as orphans', Blathm. 880 . ni léicc a chorp hi timmi `he left not his body in warmth', Thes. ii 315.7 ( Hy. ii 32 ). lécciss coilcthi, lécciss cotludh gave up (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 198 § 17 . romlēicsea oc forairi sund, TBC-I¹ 598 . ingen cen lúad ní leicéb `I will not leave unsung', Metr. Dinds. iii 60.73 . mar leagar mé gan maitheas, IGT Verbs ex. 348 . beag feasta léagar 'nar láimh, L. Cl. A. B. 79.101 . na leig sinn for mhéla, Duan. F. ii 180 § 11 . is díleas Dia go nach léigfeadh sibh i mbuaidhreadh tar bhar n-acfuinn (qui non patietur vos tentari . . .), TSh. 9569.

In similar but more specific meanings.

(d) abandons, forsakes : cair rom leicis-se? gl. quare mé dereliquisti? Ml. 44b10 . Cf. Blathm. 289 . ro leicthea cen fortacht du thabairt doib, Ml. 90c9 . nim reilce i n-athis n-oenḟir may he not leave me in disgrace, Trip.² 1633 . m'óenurán dam ar étib / sech nís n-etaim nis léicim, LU 6217 . miscais fir dia leccar serc hatred of a man crossed in love(?), ZCP xiii 270.20 . nímreilge an Rí díanam gilla, v 497 § 12 . ná leig m'anmuin ar iocht m'ḟillse `leave not my soul at the mercy of my guile', Aithd. D. 73.14 .

(e) l.¤ a oenur lets alone, refrains from interfering with or taking part in: leic a oenur in fognam, RC xxiv 192.17 . léic, ol eat, he a oenur, co n-accamar in ticfa Ely dia thesorcuin, PH 3356 . leic [a] aenur in mignim triallai abstain from, TTebe 2129 . leic oenur na Grecu, 551 .

(f) abandons, forsakes, puts away (a wife): leccis Ailill Aulomm a bein, Anecd. iii 27.11 . bean doberar freithach ┐ leicter ar bein `who is . . . repudiated for another', Laws v 292.22 . o Faind . . . ros léci Manandan, LU 3339 ( SCC 13 ). lecfitir cech ben orut, IT i 120.28 ( TE 5 ). má ligion fear a bhean `puts away', Jeremiah iii 1.

(g) leaves over, defers, postpones : lēcidh duin ind ord annsin, RC xxvii 276 ( Moling 30 ) (duin ethical dative). an té nach dérna an aithrighi . . . achd do léig go ponge an bháis í, Mac Aingil 1532 .

Miscellaneous: [do bhronnadh] sí [an] leig lóghmhair / go leig Órlaidh í ar áirghibh O. used to give away jewels so that she left her (sc. her mother) depending on herds of cattle only(?), Aithd. D. 11.3 . ? is mó léigmid ne . . . tuille cabartha dáil ná d'ár naimdib `we stand in need of succour more than does our foe', Caithr. Thoirdh. 144.31 (seems equivalent to ro-icc les). l.¤ scís, scíth see s.vv. scís, scíth. See calléic.

II

(a) With A lets away from, releases from : nicon reilgi a hīath aidhben / cūan nō caibden dia horgoin, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 31 . leigid Niall...Fiachra a gemil annsin, RC xxiv 182.18 . Of blood: rolecestar sruth . . . fala . . . asna crechtaib sin, TTebe 638 . do leig mé fuil as cuisleannaibh, 23 K 42, 121.10 . With 3 s. n. as quasi-adverb: lēcair-sium ass ┐ fonascar fair can tudecht forsin slōg he is allowed to depart, TBC-I¹ 1476. ionnus nach leigfiodh duine iná ōinmhide as dībh gan tuitim lana shlóite, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 25. 18 . ar mhodh nār léigeadar as dona trí mīle did not allow them to escape, 38.1 . Of a fire: connudh nach leigeann í as `the firewood keeping it alight', Magauran 4019 . In phr. léic as give up, desist : ale leic ass, a Ḟerguis, . . . na bris dúin cairptiu ar túath, TBC-LL¹ 764 . leig as, ar M., Ériu xi 191.16 . leig as a dhaltain, ZCP x 281.8 . leiccem ass imrum ar curaigh let us leave off rowing, Snedg. u. Mac R 9 § 7.

(b) With AR (in some cases for earlier FOR): ru léiced Hériu ar raind Amairgin was consigned to, MU² 2 . lēc aire, a chaillech, lēc aire continue, carry on, Fing. R. 880 . lécsit lúth co ṅáni / ar bithaittrib rígi they exchanged power . . . for eternal life . . . , Fél. Oct. 8. ? alleith naill . . . / roleici an (leg. ar?) chaillecha, AU i 208.11 . ar cairde ná leig do lón do not postpone, PBocht 7.7 . cid nam-leig-sea ort, a eich?, TTebe 3494 . . . . go dtiocfa . . . / Goill dá léigthear oruinn iad if they be loosed against us(?), Aithd. D. 24.5 . legis ar lar an bradan laid down the salmon, Ériu xi 199.35 . in baile i llécfaid ar lár / dond airiuch where ye shall unload the packhorse, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.53 . léig ar lár do ṡoitheach, Gen. xxiv 14 . mar bhláth na ccraobh léigthior lé fearthuinn ar lár, Párl. na mB. 1645 . Of kneeling: lēigis Eōin ē ar a glūinibh John sank to his knees, ZCP viii 562 § 13 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī, xiii 182.30 . co lecfedh se (sc. an nēll) ar ferthain moír ass sin co hespart e would begin to rain heavily, BCC 270.37 (§ 266) . do leigsiad iad féin ar trosgadh ┐ ar urnuighthe, Eochairsg. 80.36 .

(c) With CEN: ní liged sin gan díghailt I shall not allow that to go unpunished, ZCP vi 50.5 . leigim mo dheachmhadh gan díol, Aithd. D. 69.8 . do leigfedh lucht eissíodha / craobh chnuais gan bhéin would leave untouched, L. Cl. A. B. 106.138 .

(d) With co allows to go to etc.: in legi mu dhalta cugam, a clerigh?, Ériu xi 201.28 . ni relccitt anonn chuca acht uathadh daoine, Hugh Roe² 8.29 (fo. 2b) . ni leceb-sa miciunus cucaib `I shall leave you in no turmoil', BCC 424.29 (§ 375) . do léig sí a buidhedhlaoi go féar anuas, Hackett ix 5 . In spiritual sense: do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat). tré loighead na ngrás léigios Dia chuca bestows on them, Mac Aingil 769 . In sense of do-léici: ro lēcus-[s]a gaī n-aill cucut-su I hurled, Sc.M² 13 . léicidh co Cet dara bruinde dó (a dead warrior's head), 16 R . lēicit daoine rompa gusin Róimh send . . . to R., Fl. Earls 168.4 . Note further: a n-aghaidh na muintire leigios a bhfiacha go purgodóir defer, Mac Aingil 7087 . lēigmīd-ne a lenmuin na fer / co himlib oirrt[h]ir Laigen we set off, ML² 2075. With personal form referring to subject of vb. feigns: ro lécustair sláetan trommgalair chuci he feigned illness, IT i 121.15 ( TE 7 ). do leicc si galar chuice, BNnÉ 118 § 34 . do leig teinneas mar badh eadh chuige ┐ diarr bainne, ITS xvi 118.3 .

(e) With DI. With personal forms referring to subject of vb. and obj. in accus. (lit. x releases y from him) desists from, abstains from, leaves off, etc.: leigmít dhín labhairt ar na hoibrighthibh selaithe, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.3 . crét fár fágbais t'foraire / . . . / fár léigis díot do choimét, SG 260.11 . léigidh dhíbh bhur ndoghuilsi, L. Cl. A. B. 152.50 . anti do leig rigacht Erind de, BCC 2.11 (§ 1) . don druing léigeas díobh gan udhacht an mhairbh do choimhlíonadh who omit to fulfil, TSh. 5204. In more literal sense: ni leigfid maithi na treb Tiabanda misi dib `will not let me away at all', TTebe 844 . Also with prep. governing predicate or complement: aon do laithibh dar leig soin / do shíoladh creidimh a ccathraigh, Irish Texts i 40 § 27 . dar bhfaire ní leagar leis `he ceases not to watch over us', Aithd. D. 75.4 . léig dod chomhrádh stop your talk, Dánta Gr. 39.5 . léigfead do bhaosraidh na hóige, Hackett xxvi 4 . In literal sense of unleashing a dog: lēicthir de, TBC-I¹ 513 . ro léicsed da conaib, RC xiii 46 § 30. Note also: suil ligther d'arm lámh Logha before the hand of Lugh is loosed from (his) weapon(?), L. Cl. A. B. 97.103 . na leic mesi don croich-sin `let me not (be taken) from the cross', PH 2471.

(f) With DO leaves to or for, hands over to, entrusts to: léicfidir dúib in brithemnact sin, Wb. 6b30 . is samlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis dint sens `we shall leave to them the exposition of the sense', Ml. 14d10 . flaithem nime . . . / nád lēic suum prophetam / ulli leonum ori, Thes. ii 303.5 ( Hy. i 32 ). do ḟuaid Eua a leth, nir bu glan, / roleic in leth n-aill d'Adam, SR 1288 . atbertsat . . . co leicfitis dó in curadmir, LU 9023 ( FB 77 ). nach lecedh ach[t]run bidh ┐ mugsaini da rechtairib, Laws v 74.17 Comm . not guidim . . . coro léci dam oen uair i n-ernaigthe, PH 1408 . leagar dháibh rogha ┐ roinn the division and the choice is left to them(?), Magauran 1082 . do léigeadh dhó . . . an cóigeadh the Fifth was assigned to him, Content. xxx 7 . lēigidh dam-sa ē, ar Goll leave him to me, ML² 1509.

Allows, permits (to do, have, etc.): ní relic dia doib orcuin nDuaid, Ml. 23b4 . leig dam tiachtain fon cundrad `let me impugn the contract', Laws v 508.16 Comm . is me . . . nar léc dó th'enech do milliud, IT i 128.2 ( TE 13 ). co lēiciur siliud dom ṡūilib, ACL iii 243 § 31 . mane léice-su dam-sa indlat duit, PH 5254 . léigeadh sileadh do dhéaraibh an doilgheasa, TSh. 201 . da-oṅg-sa mo bréthir . . . na lécob d'Ultaib cen taidecht lim innocht I shall insist that the U. come with me, MU² 181 . legar aighideacht duin isin port i tangumar `let hospitality be granted us', Aen. 335 . na leic foirb na fearandus do inti `do not allow him to have heritage or landed property therein', TTebe 634 . lēicidh cairde trī lā . . . dam-sa, ACL iii 309.8 . lecid fuirech bicc dam `allow respite brief to me', MacCarthy 58.13 . níor leig sé fos na comhnuidhe dhó go maidin, Ériu v 100.26 . léic cotlud d'ḟeraib hErend, TBC-LL¹ 1755. Appar. in slightly difft. sense in: leig-se dhúinne ad thegasg let us alone with thy teaching, Ériu i 18.42 . léc dun . . . coro díglum h'ancride-siu leave us alone (permit us?), PH 2218 . leic dam co ro marbar anti rom-gonaid `let me slay', TTebe 3797 . léig dhó anois `suffer it to be so now', Matthew iii 15 . lēic don churp bīs ina lāim defer to (of the respect due to a cleric), ACL iii 222 § 4.

Allows (to go) to: ced ara reilcis in fer . . . do éccaib?, Trip.² 162 . in lucht bui co serb domenmnach . . . lecar co foelid somenmnach dia tigib iat, PH 408 . ní mó ro leiccsiot fér nó arbhar dia saighidh anonn (i.e. to a surrounded army), AFM vi 2030.17 .

Miscellaneous: nachatlēic dam la neim lāidhe luinde lūaithe do not come to me(?), ACL iii 295 § 27 . ro léic seirc dó . . . / ard-ben a athar `cast her love (on)', Metr. Dinds. iv 62.71 . tinolsit . . . lucht na cathrach uli ┐ lécset cathugud don béist gave battle to, PH 7228 . do lig si galair ... brēgi da hinnsuigi feigned, ZCP vi 274.14 . rolig a coin(n) dó set his dog upon it, 78.21 . leic tú fein ar tús do chum cos nglormhar daenachta Chriosd throw thyself at the feet of, ITS xxix 215.16 . nar léicce Muire duinne . . . go mbiadh gadaighecht ar ar siubhal may Mary protect us from theft, BNnÉ 55 § 59 .

(g) With ETER: luid Mac Dathó immach ┐ in cú inna láim, co rrailced etorro dús cīa díb do-ngegad the dog . . . was set free between them to see which it would choose, Sc.M² 19. Usually leaves (someth. to be settled) between (without outside interference): leic-siu etruind féin innar n-Ultaib, co fessara cia úain bas chalmiu, TFerbe 217 . léic eadram ┐ Fianna Eirenn leave F. E. to me, Acall. 3565 . lig edrum-sa ┐ in cath sel ele leave the battle to me, ZCP vi 68.13 . leig idir mhac's a mháthair `let the Son and His mother settle it between them', Aithd. D. 68.37 . ná leig eadrainn ┐ inn `do not leave me to my own devices(?)', Dán Dé xxii 17 .

(h) With FO: dobertis da boc leu . . . ┐ no leicthe indala n-ái fon díthrub was set free in the wilderness, Tur. 110c . gipne findruine for a etan nád leced a folt fúa agid kept his hair back from his face, IT i 311.2 . Hands over to, looses among, sends against , etc.: naoi ttuatha re ccertughadh / leigis ri Muman futha handed over to them, LL 396.12 . lecidh in ri na griba futhaibh (i.e. on bird-flocks), Marco P. 91. aithinne dubh in gach deghláim / léicis Mlaise a anáil . . . / fúithib breathed on them, SG 27.33 . do ligeadh frais pilēr fon mboile was fired at, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 25.3 . a lucht do marb in ngéig ngil / is do léig fá a narm a fuil stained their weapons with his blood, O'Gr. Cat. 361.13 . do léigidar sirtha lethna . . . fana críchaibh, Comp. CC 80.7 . do lecthí . . . fa cuiced C. . . . faghla, Irish Texts ii 28 § 21. Of kneeling: roleicc Sir Boós a gluine faí knelt down, D IV 2, 78 ra2 . léigcitt a ngluine fútha, Maund. 77 . l.¤ fo lár sets aside, abandons, neglects , etc.: ro léig fo lár a ḟoghuil ┐ a dībeirg, Fianaig. 76.8 . fa lár do leigeadh a chíos His tribute has been neglected, Dán Dé xxiii 5 . is follus gur léig fa lár / oircheas do ḟéadfadh do rádh `left unsaid', Content. xiv 7 . gur leigeadar fa lár an churum bhudh cóir dhoibh do dhenamh, Carswell 5.12 . Note also: do lēig fā chathaib Cuinn hē d'iarraidh C[h]uinn he made for C.'s battalions, ML² 367. do leigset futha da nár ┐ da noirrlech, L. Chl. S. 13.

(i) With FOR. Hurls at: ro lēcis gaī form-sa co rrabae asmo scíath, Sc.M² 11 . légid Cu Chulaind in ngae fair, LU 5766 ( TBC-I¹ 1295 ). With reflexive pron. feib ras léic seig far mintu as a hawk attacks small birds, LL 12300 . nod lēice tra īar sin for gabāil a hēcnarca began to, KMMisc. 210 § 4. With ellipse of pron.: sets to, sets about: lécfat-sa fair I shall set about it, MU² 187 . dorraíga in cú Ulto ┐ ro-lēci for ár Connacht set about, Sc.M² 19. lecait na Felistina for teiched, LB 129b7. 1 . x for (ar) y lays x to the charge of y, lets y answer for x: léic foraindi ┐ for ar maccu i n-ar ṅdiaid a fuil, PH 2947 . olc tra an iarmairt ro lécsit Iúdaide forru fen, 3286 . cia na lēici fort aicned | condaāera though you do not accuse yourself of satirizing them(?). ACL iii 295 § 19 . In phr. léicid guth/gairm for calls out to: coro léic guth for Ādam 'and she gave a cry to Adam', SR (Adam and Eve) 42.1300​ . go relic gairm ... for mac Sairb 'she called out ... to the son of Sarvia', SR (Greene) 6965 . raleig gairm ard ... ara síair, TTebe 4317 .

With pers. form ref. to subj. of vb. feigns: leicid-sium galur forro, arna tisdais leis pretended they were ill, RC xv 321 ( Dinds. 22 ). reléicset Gréic teiched forru pretended flight, LL 244b11 ( TTr. 2062 ). ro leic eslainte ┐ anḟaindi furri, BB 237a21 . Note also: leiccmitne fen forn . . . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin we admit, CCath. 4071.

(j) With FRI. With reflex. pron. gives oneself over to: erig a gérait Ulad / . . . nit leci re rochotlud, LU 3595 ( SCC 30 ). ros-lecset fri bron ┐ dubha `yielded themselves to grief and gloom', CCath. 1070 . ro leicset re hol ┐ re haibnius iad, TTebe 1885 . Note further: a ri sen / nacham-reilce-sa rem thail do not abandon me to my will, Lib. Hymn. i 17.60 . l.¤ taeb fri entrusts to, puts trust in: ná léigear taobh re Dia dhún let me not be left to God's judgment, Dán Dé ii 28 . lēigim taobh riot mh'uile dhōchas, Parrth. Anma 3993 . Reveals to: ro lig Fer lí comairli in ḟill re hĒmer, Fianaig. 70.13 . an licfidhter fri C. an comrād so?, ZCP xiii 169.25 . nis relic fri haon uaidibh inro baoi ina menmain, Hugh Roe² 292.25 (fo. 73a) . l.¤ fri lár lays down, lets fall, lowers : ro leceastair a chorp . . . co haimneartach . . . re lar, TTebe 325 . . . . mac Néil co mmathius / nar léic a ḟlathius re lár did not allow to diminish, LL 17310 . ro leigsedar a ferga re (ar, v.l.) lar they laid their wrath aside, TTebe 2177 . gur léig soin re criaidh a chneas `till he fell prostrate to earth', Aithd. D. 3.24 . Of kneeling: léicidh bar nglúine re lár, SG 23.3 . lecit uile a ngluine ┐ a cinn fria huir prostrate themselves, Marco P. 85 . do leig ris in coroin ┐ taisi na naem he knelt to the crown, RC xix 376.8 .

(k) With I. Allows to enter : ni licter fair i tech druith na dasachtaig `there are not admitted into the house to him fools nor lunatics', BCrólige 30 gl. 4 . nís relic isin les cuci, LU 1211. ní rolēigcitt indti co mattain `they were not let in till morning', BColm. 78.2 . ro oslaicset in dorus . . . ┐ roléicset [a cocéliu] chuca isin cathraig, TTr.² 1839 . ní léigthí an rí féin i gcath, Keat. ii 5575. Of sin, temptation: nīm-reilce i cair cenna, ZCP vi 260 § 12 . nir lecea sind i n-amus ndofulachtai (et ne nos inducas in tentationem), PH 7826.

Various: a Sbiorad Dé . . . corp Moire rod léig n-a lár / mar théid tré chlár ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . ? do léig 'n-ar n-ucht a aithne `he has turned his knowledge against me' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 42 ), DDána 104.8 . rí nar lean don chreideamh chóir / ní leigeadh seadh i seanmóir paid no attention to(?), 74.25 . leagar mhisi ┐ Donn Cuan a comhairli `let . . . have a conference', Caithr. CC 43 . cumha i gceann chumhadh eile / cumhan leam go leigfeidhe `I remember that any new sorrow would be piled on already existing sorrow', Aithd. D. 23.16 . With refl. pron. goes into, precipitates oneself into: do leigeadur na Sasanaigh [i] raon madhma iad tar a n-ais, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 7.13 . lēigit amach . . . sa ffairgi iad, Fl. Earls 8.13 . With ellipse of pron.: imthusa na nGall . . . ro leiccset hi ccend tséda . . . go rangattar dia ttighibh, AFM vi 2134.4 . do leiccet i ndeadhaidh uí Dhomhnaill set out in pursuit of O'D., 2206.21 .

l.¤ x i n-agaid y lets x stand as compensation for y, sets x off against y: daradad eraic a athar do G. . . . ┐ ro lecthea in dias aile a n-agaid enigh C. (the deaths of) the other two were set off against (the offence to) C.s' honour, RC xxiv 278.1 . ní liom nach aidhleasg éirghe / i n-ionam na hIairmhéirghe / léig uam i n-a aghaidh sin / gach adhaigh uar dar éirigh, Dán Dé iv 15 . ar fhalaigh dar méid meanma / léig i n-aghaidh m'oileamhna (i.e. set off against my fostering by him the discouragement his death has caused me), Aithd. D. 6.23 . l.¤ i n-aiscid lets go to waste : ná léig fuil Chríosd i n-aisgidh 'do not let Christ's blood go to waste', Ériu lxiii 58 § 38 . Similarly: ar thréig d'fhíon ar an uisge / léig a ndíol an dearmaid-se set against this forgetting (on my part) all the wine he gave up for water, Dán Dé iv 16 . l.¤ i faill neglects, abandons, overlooks : ro leic caillecha ha faill, AU i 208.14 (A.D. 747). dia mbat an[a]mchara neich . . . / nīsreilce hi foill, ACL iii 318 § 65 . ná léigidh sgiathlúireach na deaghuídhe a bhfaillíth, Párl. na mB. 792 . Similarly, l.¤ faill (faíllige) i: faill 'na einech ní lēigenn, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 32 . go leigfid cách faillighe ina ccreideamh . . . , BNnÉ 14 l. 2 of notes . See 1 faill, faillige. léicid x i lleth y commits x to y, charges y with x: lecsiu . . . ildeth nde mess for a menmainsom `leave it to God to judge the mind of such', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . an Coimdhe i n-ar leith do leig / a oighre do bheith i mbroid `the Lord charges us with His Son's captivity', Dán Dé xxiii 9 . luach a chneadh d'íoc nach eagal / ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh, DDána 48.8 .

(l) With IMM: mus lēc fer dīb aigen lāin grīscha moa sūili threw into his eyes, Fing. R. 988 . ro leig a ucht ┐ a urbruindi 'ma claidim . . . co fuair bas, TTebe 4032 . ro leig [Iochasta] co comthrom 'man claidim sin hí, 4577 . cid troscud do legdis ima fiachuibh cuir ┐ cunnurrtha, Laws ii 94.6 Comm . do fhreagra um lár dá léiginn `if I left your answer unchallenged', Content. ix 22.

(m) With LA. Lets go with: srēithi in n-id . . . isin n-abaind, ┐ lēicthe la sruth let it go with the stream, TBC-I¹ 631 . leicis in colaind lasin sruth, TBC-LL¹ 1311 . Camsón ro léic luing cen lúaig / lé dar tuind sáili, Metr. Dinds. i 10.55 . lécfet-sa bendacht let I shall send a blessing with thee, BCC 234.22 . nocha leigfe lais achd lucht a leanamhna, Aithd. D. 55.9 .

In fig. senses concedes to, allows to have, grants to, etc.: leic leis a somaine `permit him to have his wealth', Laws v 498.21 Comm . móide an ní do léigeadh leis, Aithd. D. 31.5 . gach breath dá n-iarr lé go leigthir `she gets all she asks', PBocht 4.2 . ré triall a staid na beatha so nach léigeann leis acht an eisléine grants him only a shroud, TSh. 9950 . nach leicfimisni Ceallachan leo gan cath do thabhairt doibh `we would not let C. be taken away by them', Caithr. CC 63. With srían etc.: níor loc mé mian mo theangadh; / a srian lé do léigeamar gave it free rein, DDána 88.6 . ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . do ghreim-se gé leagar liom `though thy hand is loose upon me', Dán Dé xxiii 18 . Hence (somet. without specific object) forgives, indulges, remits : [an] mhéad leagair leam gach laoi, Dán Dé xxiii 6 . ní hé nach léigthior leam it is not that (sin) that is not forgiven me, iii 16 . léig a bhéalchorcra bharrghlain / anuabhar let ollamhnaibh, DDána 84.15 . a Athair, leic so leo, oir ni fheadadar cread do nid siad, ITS xxix 169.6 . ni fada do leicc Dia . . . sin re Sean `not long did God let that go unpunished with John', ALC ii 454.8 . Reveals to: anti le leigi é (viz. rún), Ériu v 128.32 . do léig le Fachtna . . . an bharamhuil sin, ITS v 6.16 . Cf. an uair leigmíd ár mbrollach ┐ ár ccíocha leis, Párl. na mB. 561 .

(n) With ó. Always with pers. forms ref. to subj. of vb. lets go, releases, gives up, abandons. Often with more positive sense of dismisses, puts away, sends, throws . Of persons: leicsi huad `he let him go', Ml. 52 . ralleic huaid cen frithorcuin do gl. dimissit eum, 53b6 . lecid uaib mo muinntir cen nech díb do ergabail, PH 3109 . co lēigedh sē a allmaraigh uadha so that he might dismiss, ML² 972 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi, TTebe 1024 . Of things allows to be taken away, relinquishes, abandons : ni léicfemni uaind hé (sc. in curadmír), LU 8554 ( FB 41 ). mana leicid an rigidh uadhaib `if they do not surrender the sovreignty', Laws v 302.16 Comm . asberatsomh . . . nachas relcctís [in fíon] uadaibh for tír, Hugh Roe² 8.11 (fo. 2b) . adubhairt in ní tárraid ní leicfedh uadha, TTebe 831 . nír leig Niall uaidh an t-acra `never did N. forgo any acre of this land', Aithd. D. 21.4 . cidh dia leci uait coir na gaethi? why miss a fair wind? Aen. 879 . gur léig a chluasa uaidh i lámhaibh an duine (of a bear seized by the ears), TSh. 7427. Of actions, etc. desists, leaves off: nach léic úad a olc bunaid (of the body), ACL iii 216 § 7 . léigidh sin uaibh quit that, Fier. 121 . in duine léicess uad arsaidecht a thol collaide, PH 4619. rolecset uadib fógnum ┐ miltnidecht do demun, RC ii 386.17 . Note also: lēic uait, or is anfis dō let be, for he does not know, Ériu viii 157.8 . In positive sense: léic úait inna biada mílsi `cast from thee,' Wb. 6c7 . leic uait do spiorat fein send forth, ITS xxix 162.14 . leig uait do ben phosta ┐ len misi put away thy wife, Smaointe B. Chr. 1593 . do léig se úadha Fionnsgoth ┐ do phós se Mairgréd put away, Rel. Celt. ii 174.1 . ra léic [in corthe] úad ra talmain flung down, MU² 649 . tugad a láimh Eóin in t-ór ┐ do lig uadha he fon aigen, Lib. Flav. i 33 va32 . na leic aen bhreithir uait gan coimhlínadh, ITS xxix 197.29 .

(o) With SECH (usually quasi-adverbial 3 s. n. sechae) allows to pass . Of missiles: tolléci gecán díb fair, leicthe Loegaire secha evades it, LU 9065 (FB). léicis secha leth (a stone), Comp. CC 121.18 . nís relccsetar seacha sein let them go no further, AFM ii 746.7 . nichat-léicfider sech láim thou shalt not be laid aside (a sword), RC xx 12 § 21. In more abstr. meanings: ní léigfe an bás . . . an leanbb seacha ná an seanóir will spare neither . . . , Dán Dé v 8 . ar leigeadh go so seacha / do ríoghaibh gan inchreachadh, Content. xvi 196 . focal seachad san slighidh / féchthar libh nár léig tusa see that thou dost not forget, L. Cl. A. B. 65.11 . léic sechad sin never mind that, Comp. CC 81.17 .

(p) With TAR: long Naoi ó gach linn do lionn / . . . / níor léig braon tuile tairsibh let no drop reach them, DDána 107.21 . Usually with personal form ref. to subj. of vb.: lēig thort do thoirse give up, O'Gr. Cat. 404.10 . ro léigedar sin thársa go maidin `they let the matter stand over', RC xxix 220.9 . leagar thort do thoil `deny thy evil desires', PBocht 5.43 . far léig mé toram dod thoil / a Dhé what I omitted to perform, Dán Dé ix 8 . nír léicc se ní thairis d'aithentaibh Dé neglected nothing, BNnÉ 123 § 70 . leig thort nō sméid ar gach cam do-chír disregard, Hackett i 5 .

Refrains from (citing, etc.) : ligfamaid torainn an laidh ann so we shall not quote the lay here, Ériu xi 190.7 . ni leigim thoram an bhegansa do cur sios `I do not omit', Rel. Celt. ii 188.16 . leigim sin toram (of a catalogue of sins), Mac Aingil 2345 .

(q) With TRE: do leig 'na raon ró-reatha tríd na slóightibh é `he launched himself', ITS i 64.21 . Strains, makes percolate : brister ┐ berbtar ar im . . . ┐ lecar trí édach `strain through a cloth', O'Gr. Cat. 184.32 . curtur bainne almont trit, ┐ leagar tri edach é, Rosa Angl. 96.7 .

III With advv. and prep. phrases: in lece orumsa in cimmid út amach? (dimitte mihi vinctum), Lat. Lives 80.11 . lec Barabás dún amach release, PH 2813 . do leig amach rí Eirionn, Duan. F. ii 358 § 82 . innus nach leagur do a anal do legin amach, Smaointe B. Chr. 3928 . nu-s-léic soigit i ndiaid in toirb shot an arrow after the bull, PH 7184. nocht leaga[i]r gach nech a-nund (sc. to the next world), ACL iii 236 § 5 . a litir léigim anonn, Studies 1918, 454 § 18 . léig Giolla na náomh anunn, IGT Introd. 30.34 . nach in lecar siar tiagam sair let us not go westwards, AU 914 (i 430.6) . leigid airgne síar is soir / fo sliabh Colláin, Duan. F. ii 22.11 . ro lecset ingcorum sis they anchored, IT i 39.12 . léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `the portcullis of the castle is raised', Aithd. D. 3.19 .

tass

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tass or dil.ie/40190

 

n (cf. sos, tost ?) a state of rest, inactivity, idleness: tas .i. comhnaidhe, O'Cl. tarrasair in sruth 'na thoss | dia rémim, SR 1633 . int-aislinge ... | amal teidm torainn a t.¤ like thunder in a calm (?), 3375 . in grian ... | nis gluais rosṁbai inna t.¤ , 5107 . ar domrala sund im th.¤ `since it chances that I sojourn here,' Metr. Dinds. iv 164.31 . etir dēnum neich ocus beith i t.¤ whether active or idle, ACL iii 222.z . airisfet-sa im thoss im shíd, Ériu vii 221.4 . guid iar firdul cia bé hi toss, SR 1608 . co cuala fogur mór inna ngenti ... atrubairt friu bith in a toss prohibuit eos, Lat. Lives 14.8 . a chara, cin cop hē (? leg. co mbé) hi t.¤ | dotrala f[o] aineolass, ZCP xiii 3 § 1 . Frequ. gaibid t.¤ comes to rest, halts, comes to anchor (of ships): am-míl n-ingnad rogab t.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 100.15 . go rosgabh an coblach tas `the fleet stands still,' Leb. Gab.(i) 204.31 . ó roghabhsatt tass (sic leg.) an dúsin (of a fleet putting into harbour), Hugh Roe 292.z . In chevilles: Simon is Tatha cen t.¤ , SR 7591 . roimgaib can tas bad timm, LL 32b40 . nuall cen thas, IT iii 45.27 (thais, v.l.).

teidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. teidm or dil.ie/40356
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: thedmae, tedma, tedmaim, teidm, tedmann, tedmann, tedmannaib, teidhm, tedmanna, tedmunnai, teadmanda, teadhma, tedmaib, teidhmibh, —a, teidm

n n, n. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 649 . Présents à nasale infixée 15f. g s. thedmae, Fél. Ep. 200 , 518 . tedma, LU 8898 . d s. tedmaim, Ml. 15b7 . 49a4 . 58a18 . 123c3 . teidm, SR 815 . n a p. tedmann, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . Gorm. Feb. 7 . g p. tedmann, Ériu ii 110 § 30 . d p. tedmannaib, SR 1880 . Later inflection : d s. teidhm, AFM iv 764.15 . n a p. tedmanna, Laws v 450.25 . tedmunnai, PH 946 . teadmanda, Ériu xii 152.x . teadhma, DDána 1.11 . d p. tedmaib, SR 7619 . teidhmibh, TSh. 2404 . m., g s. and n p. —a, IGT Decl. § 41 . Cf. taem.

(a) disease, sickness, pestilence : peist quasi pestis .i. t.¤ , Corm. Tr. 139 . ro-roena reunn | catha cach thedma, Lib. Hymn. 110.8 . oc hícc ... aesa cecha tedma, Trip.² 2021 . cen t.¤ cen galar, LU 2296 (FA). nuadh tedma tathaig cona, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 20 , cf. uair angbaidecht feochrai iss ed t.¤ taitidid (=taithiges) conae ... am cumnid an tedma sin, ZCP iii 245 § 51 . is e sin ro-s-ícc in uli thedmand, PH 2286 . tres tedhma tuir tarbda, IT iii 13.18 . atait tri tedmanna faillsigthe condad comdire fri bas bet, Eg. 88 fo. 2(3)b ( O'Curry 2142 ). liaigh don teidhm nach taisbéntar | do mhér a N. (to a harper), Studies 1919, 613 § 12 . foillsiugad a tedmand =exprimens magnitudinem doloris, De Contemptu 227 v.l. (na heslainti, text). Of diseases of cattle: combertis na cethrai ar thedmannaib cacha bliadna, Corm. 6 Belltaine . tedmand for cethraib, bedcacha, scamacha ..., RC xxvi 46.5 . Rarely with qual. gen. of a specific disease: ag ... nacha traetha t.¤ fithnaisi ` fairy-plague ,' Laws ii 238.12 , `Schwindsucht,' ZCP xiv 347 § 8 . Of animals generally: robai do met tedma in torathair co na cromdais eoin ... ara apach, TTebe 539 .

(b) More explicitly of widespread plague, pestilence: immuntísat ar thedmaim, Thes. ii 300.6 . téidm ┐ plaig, PH 372 . blíadhain tedhma, IGT Decl. ex. 1135 . tedmanna mora i lLaignibh .i. an bolgach ┐ an treagait, CS 284.x . tedm mor don galar brec, Ann. Conn. 1327.5 .

(c) In wider sense of calamity, disaster, affliction, trouble, grief: teora tedmanna ... nuna ... ar ciniuil ... duineba, Laws v 450.25 . bud tairpech in t.¤ (of Cú Chulaind's attack), TBC-LL¹ 3051 . rosaertha on tedmmaim na cessari `from the pest of the hail,' RC ii 398.z . do Dunlang tucais-[s]iu th.¤ `to D. thou broughtest ruin' (of a sword), xx 10 § 6 . barr ar gach teidhm mar tá sinn `the crown of all grief ...,' Studies 1918, 452 § 5 . a thruagha ní tháinig teidhm | acht dul daoibh d'fhéachain Ifeirn ` disaster ,' Dán Dé xxv 25 . gér bha teann an teidhm sin (of a famine), ML 8.2 .

(d) In sense of taem (q.v.), fit, attack (of illness, anger, etc.): amal t.¤ torainn a tass, SR 3375 . timairges ... tédmunda na spirut n-angid .i. na ndémna, PH 6247 . ba t.¤ teined tar trocha, LL 7a3 . do las an teidhm truagh an bhrad `the anger-fit (of Christ) has flamed forth,' Dán Dé xv 4 . bá marbh ... do theidhm galair obaind, AFM v 1688.19 . is eigin na tedhmanna ainmighid do mhesrughadh =ut aegri sui passiones temperet animales, ZCP xviii 270.22 ( ferg, 23 ). taom tamaill ... i dtús a theadhma, TSh. 7912.

Various: death (only in glossaries): `teidm' gach bás bitholc, Metr. Gl. 20 § 64 . teidhm .i. bás, O'Cl. As vn. act of cutting (B. na f.): ringcne do th.¤ gan altain (.i. fesóg do gherra[dh]), ZCP v 488 § 3 . Note also: is t.¤ nech i ndail brethri facbaid-siu for in tir, BB 409a20 .

Compd.: teidmlenamnachu gl. pestilentes, Ml. 15a9 . co tard Apaill teidmghalar (tedm galair, v.l.) fora fearann-som 'Apollo set a bout of plague upon his territory', Ériu lxiv 44.88​​​.

1 teine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 teine or dil.ie/40385
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tain, tainid, tened, tein, tened, tened, teinidh, teined, tene, tene, tened, te(i)n, ten, tein, ten, thein, ten, ttin, tein, ten, tein, teinid, tenid, tine, teine, teni, te(i)ne, tene, theinid, thene, —thenti, tenta, teintiu, tinnti, tented, dteinteadh, tennte, téndtib, tentib, teintibh, tene

n t, m., later also f. Also tain in some old exx.: in tainid , Ml. 96c11 . tened: claideb, LU 9356 . tein: rom-ain (sic leg.), ACL iii 6.17 (see KZ lix 4 ff. Études Celt. iii 78 . KZ xxix 379 ). Masc. in a few early exx. only: g s. in tened , Ml. 76b7 . 146a2 - 3 . BDD² 1372 ( na tened , 1222 ). in teinidh , AU i 240.5 . in teined , Ériu iii 140.187 . ii 134.7 , 15 . uiblech tened trichemrúaid, LU 8663 . ? tene ... cuici, Mon. Tall., 136.15 . But tene shoinmech, Corm. 6 Belltaine. na tened , PH 7732 , and so regularly in Mod. Ir. See also IGT Decl. § 4 (47.z) .

There is also a short d s. te(i)n: ho ten , Ml. 31d4 . assin tein , Thes. ii 318.4 . asin ten , Lib. Hymn. 102.4 . ó thein co fraig, BDD² 313 ( then, 325 ). a ten , BColm. 58.8 . i ttin , AFM i 172.y . Also occas. in n a s. cen tein , SR 1475 . rígh loiscfes ten , RC xvii 133.11 . ó Thaltin i tócab tein , Metr. Dinds. iii 50.31 . n s. also teinid, Trip.² 646 . tenid, Mon. Tall. 157.10 . g s. tine, Aen. 144 . teine, TSh. 1999 . cabair an teni `lochdach,' IGT Decl. ex. 240 . a d s. te(i)ne, SR 314 . Laws v 298.11 . CCath. 3721 . DDána 58.2 . TSh. 391 . san tene `lochdach,' IGT Decl. ex. 241 . a du. dā theinid , ML² 1140 . n du. dá thene , Corm. 6 Belltaine. n p. —thenti, IT i 190.30 (LB). teinnte, PH 6324 . tenta, TTebe 4272 . a p. teintiu, BDD² 1433 . tinnti, TTebe 3876 . g p. tented, 2252 . Aen. 270 . dteinteadh, TSh. 5608 . tennte, Todd Lect. vi 36.4 . d p. téndtib, Corm. 6 Belltaine. tentib, Fél. Prol. 39 . teintibh, TSh. 8230.

I

(a) fire: tene, Ml. 38d 15 - 16 . tene ... du ebirt du gnúis dáe `in calling the face of God fire,' 40c6 . huan tenid, 104b5 . áne thened, Thes. ii 355.18 . nín loiscfed tene, SR 1505 . is hé tene na súla, in mac imlesen, SCC 17 ( IT i 210 ). oc béim tened, BDD² 480 . oc atúd tened, 488 . ? Cf. teinnei beim, Ériu ii 4 n. 67 . fó cach tan tene `fire is good at any time,' Tec. Corm. 16.99 . do delbais in taebsa (sic leg.) ... | do thalmain 'sdo theinid bī, ACL iii 242 § 7 . a deathach dē do bithgrēs | gan tinidh and (a miracle), ZCP v 24 § 15 . an drúis is t.¤ fa talmhain, Dán Dé xxxi 34 . ag fulang na t.¤ ifreanda, TSh. 1999 . gur ghabh in tempoll in t.¤ , Cín Lae Ó Meall. 11.12 . do chuir tine san tigh barr, 24 . tré theinidh on fire , SG 5.26 . luaidhe gach mhúir ... tré ghoirmtheinidh, Aithd. D. 4.4 . dartaid i crann nairidi do thein for burning a rear lintel (?), Laws iv 312.y Comm. beantar teinte a taobhaibh cloch `sparks are struck,' Content. viii 12 . In proverbial expressions: ba haigedh go tenid cor fri sluag na Fomoire isin lō sin (of a dangerous undertaking), RC xii 96.18 . ba luamaireacht idir dhá theinidh don áird-rígh a theasargain, ML 80.y . Of feelings, passions: do-loiscset do thenid na drúissi tempul Dia, PH 7429 . éin-spréidh do theine na hantoile, TSh. 391 . Note also: mían mná Tethrach a tenid, LU p. 124 n. a . Droncherdach co teinm a t.¤ (name given to himself by Néde in Colloquy of Two Sages), RC xxvi 20.8 .

(b) a fire, fireplace, hearth: lar .i. tene, Thes. ii 232.11 . loiscis in garmain ... | for tein, 346.1 . icon tenid, Corm. 35.5 . cen tenid, SR 1891 . bla tene tellach no aithine, Laws iii 264.1 . t.¤ bithbeó (requisite of mruigfher), Manners and Customs iii 486.4 . etir tenid ┐ fraig, Thes. ii 293.3 . ar sin brunnid breo di thein, LL 145a40 . Midhi ... ro fada teinid fri clandaib Nemid ... conid on tenid sin roadnad gach primtene i nErinn, BB 356b4 . t.¤ ar n-a fadágh fearg Dé, DDána 58.1 . ? nacha concloth ní Fergus cluinte co teintib bláthaib, LU 6632 . ? bid mé in tere mór | is ma thene ram thaéb (gl. .i. Lonan), 9906 . teinnte (of volcanic fires), Stair Erc. 1771 , 1798 . nír léiccsiot ... t.¤ do shaighidh champa an Iustis ` fuel ,' AFM vi 2280.20 . Hence frequently hearth, home, habitation: i log do airgsean co feis, co nadogh, co tein co naitreib, Laws iv 20.2 . ro hinred Mumain ... gu na rabi teag na teni o Lui fodes, Cog. 30.8 . bidh hé in treas tine, nach tím, | bhias fá dheireadh i n-Erind ` i.e. the last inhabited place but two' (of a castle), Leb. Cert. 228.y and note. Metaph. of persons: teinid toídlech co ngrís goirthe (of Patrick), Trip.² 646 . in teni laigtheach (of a tribe), Cog. 54.3 .

(c) lightning: in tainid ┐ in torainn `the lightnings and the thunders,' Ml. 96c11 . Mac Dē rom-ain (sic leg.) | ... | ar toruinn, ar tein, ACL iii 6.17 . teinte eisriata an aeióir, TD 4.23 .

II Attrib. g s. as adj. pertaining to fire, fiery, blazing: iar n-ár thened tar cech mag, ZCP xiii 374.15 . bandea tened gl. Vesta, Sg. 53a14 , 15 . aedh .i. tene ... .i. bandee (tened) quod ipsa est Vesta .i. bandee thenead, Corm. 2 . la bledh-mhaidm be tenedh ` lightning ,' ZCP xvii 154.4 . caor teinegh `a ball of fire' (from heaven), BNnÉ 111.4 . i carpat dian dergthened, SR 7136 . ilar casrach ṅgarb-thened, 902 . aingel Dé ... | cona chlaidiub derg tened, 4796 . cluí thened fiery nails, LU 2188 ( FA 27 ). assin dabaig thened, Fél. Ep. 540 . tairmchell dáil tenid leó, LU 8217 (FB) =tened, Eg. ( IT i 259.z ). tuccad in dún fo dluim ... dergtened, Cog. 80.2 . 'na dragún taidhbhseach theiniodh, TD 1.35 . frāech tened ar tengthaib fiery rage (?), ACL iii 241 § 13 . in gilla tened, SG 245.9 . na tonna ... | 'na morcaibh troma teineadh, TD 4.22 , see 1 morc. muir tened, LU 2173 ( FA 25 ). múr tened, LU 2220 ( FA 29 ). tuc ... troim-nēll teinedh tar in tīr, ML² 313 . rop ném thened tír Húa Néill immi `a sky of fire ' (note), BDD² 240 . See ném. di phlágaib tened, Thes. ii 256.11 . pian ... tened, PH 6398 . for richessaib ro-thened (of hell), LU 2416 . saegnen tened thunderbolt , TTebe 2092 . a lama i cuibrech o shlabradu tened, PH 2107 . sruth tened, LU 2236 ( FA 30 ). rodasaer is't[sh]urnn tened, SR 7392 . i dtoig theined a burning house, O'Gr. Cat. 400.13. See tech. dia rostarmchell ... | tob tened, SR 7388 . See top. tor teneadh tricheimruaidhi `a tower of red-rushing fire,' CCath. 943 . co n-dracaib, co trillsib tened foraib, IT i 191.11 . uiblech tened fiery sparks, LU 8663 ( FB 49 ).

III With foll. attrib. gen. etc. of particular types of fire: is dea longais tene n-aonbēime, ZCP viii 102.7 . tene an aonbeime .i. Aodh, Anecd. ii 52.1 . Cf. Ériu ii 186.6 and oc béim teined supra. t.¤ aeil lime-kiln: tene-aeil i faeil (=fuil) sesca traighedh ar cach leth, AU ii 144.1 and note= AFM ii 1076.9 . sgela na teinedh áoil, ZCP x 16.7 . tene bratha ` fire of Doomsday ,' Mon. Tall. 129.36 . attáit tenti carthind fires of mountain ash, Ériu iii 140.187 . tuc aichne for in t.¤ caismberta ` signal-fire ,' CCath. 3721 . tinnte cnámh is ráfladh is ragairne bonfires , ZCP v 212.278 (Midn. Court). t.¤ chresa flint and tinder (? lit. fire carried in the girdle, fire obtained by circular friction, see Desid. Gloss.): teiní creasa gl. igniferrium, Ir. Gl. 720 . t.¤ chreasa `a circle (sic leg.) fire,' Eg. Gl. 651 . teine-chreasa cloch ┐ spongc dochum teineadh do bhuain, Desid. 268 . teanlamh .i. tene láimhe .i. t.¤ chreasa, O'Cl. Also metaph. in phrase t.¤ fri (i) cris fire in the girdle of great (? sudden) fear, anger, etc.: biat ecla ria Cass | amal tein fri criss, PRIA iii 550 § 30 (= LL 147a35 ). t.¤ i gcrios (`flash from flint,' `i.e. unstable resolution,' note), Dán Dé xxxi 19 . Cf. gurbo tene a cris ┐ a craidi do Chonn sin, ┐ gurbo comfhadōd fīcha ..., ML² 1124 `it was a fire in the girdle,' ML 81 . t.¤ Dia erysipelas, ignis sacer: a naigid na tinedh Dia .i. na nescoidi re nabur ericipila `ignum sacrum,' Rosa Angl. 214.6 . efrempila .i. teni dhiadh, ACL i 337.133 . t.¤ fhiadh or dhiadh ` wild fire or wild scab ,' P. O'C. t.¤ do aitt, diaitt, diad (di áitt) etc. lightning (?); destructive fire (?), Celtica iii 265-67 : Ard Macha do loscud do thenid d’áit, AI 172 (s.a. 996.4) . Luimnech do loscud do thenid d’áit, 252 (s.a. 1096.8) . Caisiol do losccadh do th.¤ do aitt, AFM ii 984.6 . Cealldara do uile losccadh do thene deaith, 792.13 . tene diait, AU i 502.15 . do theinidh diaitt, 544.1 . t.¤ dhiadh an toirn teinntidhe sin, TSh. 6700 . a-táid ar tí bhar dtiomchail | ... | mar thiomchall na teineadh diagh | a-deireadh fhionn-chlann Uilliam (`the circle of smoking fire'), Aithd. D. 39.13 . co tainig t.¤ Dé do nim, Todd Nenn. 82.10 . ? To this: tene dia nó oirclech gl. flemen, Sg. 96b1 . See 1 dé. tene feth .i. focol co n-imdergad ` fire of speech ,' (name given to himself by Néde in Colloquy of Two Sages), RC xxvi 20.4 . t.¤ geláin lightning: trethan tarbech ... amail tenid ṅgeláin, TTr. 602 . tene gelan ┐ gaeth isin bliadain sin, RC xviii 27.4 . Cf. tene geallain `blazing fire' (requisite of a fer forais), Manners and Customs i 318 n. doronni tenid n-idbarta a sacrificial fire, TTebe 1931 . t.¤ iffirn hellfire: do suthine tine iffirn, Aen. 144 . do-rat aingel Dé ... tenid námut ... for Asardu, PH 8415 . t.¤ di nim lightning: ind lamhcomairt hi feil Michel dia nepred in tene di nim, AU i 240.3 and note. t.¤ raitte `a fire of bracken,' BNnÉ 81.33 . roaslaigh Deman fair in tene senta ... do bhadudh `the hallowed fire,' Lism. L. 4425 . sraibtine do nim .i. sraib tine no sruaim tine ... .i. in tine saidhnain, Laws v 192.13 Comm. t.¤ shinnaig phosphorescence on decayed wood; will o' the wisp (fox fire): lán mo chlera-sa do theinid sinnaig `rotten wood,' Hib. Min. 77.5 . cid fodera sund cose | soillsi 'sin crund is brenche .i. dia roéirig Críst asa adnocul, ised rochét: saltair for crann crín, ut est tene shinnaig, Eg. 1782, 53b2 cited Hib. Min. 80 n. 3 . as tine shindaig sechtair (of one deceitfully fair), ZCP vi 267 § 6.

Compds. ¤chenn fiery head: in dā crithmhīl dēc cosnaib tenedcennuibh uasdaib, Ériu ii 110.10 . ¤chlár (ship's) galley (?): ar teineclar na luinge, Stair Erc. 929 . ¤chuairt fiery circuit: roth escai ┐ tenedchúairt gréne, Ériu ii 116.9 . ¤folt: alius de illis rufus nó tenefolt (? sic leg.) redhaired (?), Thes. ii 236.11 . ¤grís: teineghrís gráidh, Content. xxix 4 . ? ¤gleir: tengleir fria tollscud, ACL iii 294 § 6 . ¤muir fiery sea: cuairt insin frisi ngaire tenedmhuir, Ériu ii 122.y . ¤rend fiery star: da nem ... assa toidet tenedrind, Ériu ii 110.4 . ¤shliab fiery mountain: toaitne ... a tenedhshliab, Ériu ii 124 § 75 . Cf. Ériu xiii 184ff.

2 tí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 tí or dil.ie/40661
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tithe

n f. n p. tithe, Corm. Y 607. d p. tighib, Celtica ii 38 § 15 . tightib, 52 § 18 .

(a) line, circle: cuires ... ti dia bhachaill a ttimcheall an bhuair, BNnÉ 185.29 . fuair bas iar tteacht tar an tt.¤ dó, 31 . co tabair t.¤ dia erbull impu, RC xx 410.2 . títhe im ghruaidh ` furrows ,' Hackett xix 12 . Of the lines on a chess-board: is cethrachair cētumus ind fithchill ┐ it dīrge a tīthe, Corm. Y 607 . dias dub damsa im en fer fhind duidseo forsin nentí, Ériu v 32.21 . tú, a rígh Bhredh, ar an tt.¤ thall | as fer ar gach t.¤ ad tiomchall, TD ii 198.36 .

(b) in pl., space enclosed by lines, `fines,' surface: títhe orláir do ghruadh ngeal, Studies 1921 74 § 6 . ní lingfidhir títhe cláir Chraoi Chonchobhair, DDána 109.19 . saoirthíthe chóig ccoigedh, Book of O'Conor Don 297b16 .

(c) spot : dá bfaghbar ... éntí fholaimh at ghnúis, O'Gr. Cat. 456.5. an t.¤ ghlas ní dheachaidh de, Keat. ii 306 . croicne leoman ngel ┐ dub ┐ derg ina tithib, ZCP i 380.12 títhe dearga o thrágh go tráigh, Rel. Celt. ii 224.30 .

(d) preceded by the preposition for, later ar, pursuing, attacking, attempting to, about to: mong .i. mo ... a fochaidhe .i. maile no leithe no cutum for a thi, Corm. Y 935 . dotét fer tíre co fíadnaib lais ... for (MS fori) tí inna mbech 'the owner of the land comes in pursuit of the bees accompanied by witnesses', Bechbretha 189 (e) . beth for th.¤ na ndaine seo, Laws v 160.14 Comm. isat marba in lucht batar ar bar tíi, LB 143b26 . ecc ro pa truacch ara t.¤ , AFM ii 898.14 . sé's an talamh ar t.¤ a chéile, PBocht 10.3 . do bhí H. ar a th.¤-sean, Mark vi 19 . léim ar th.¤ `léim tar tórainn ?' (note), Dán Dé xv 20 . atá teaghlach a thighe | ar t.¤ tuillidh muinntire seeking increase, xxi 29 . ná bí ar t.¤ chagaidh ar chlog, Studies 1924, 244 § 27 . tillid airgtheóiridhe ... dá dtigh ar t.¤ fillte go grod tar a n-ais post non longum tempus reversuri, Keat. ii 6123 . tarla an mac ... na dhalta ... ag Ciarán ar t.¤ bheith na mhanach, iii 825 . do bhíodh a thoil ar t.¤ a dáilte `ready to be bestowed', Studies 1919, 75 § 20 . ar t.¤ síothchána do cheangal, TSh. 3834.

Cf. doraind Pátraic Ráith nAirthir a bachaill buan tith, Trip.² 754 . techta .i. ti ichta uair t.¤ riagail, Cóic Con. 29 § 14.

tob

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tob or dil.ie/41041

 

n o,[m.] (< Lat. tuba) trumpet: cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman, Wb. 12c46 . t.¤ di humu fo chosmailius nadarcae side gl. tubam corneam, Ml. 2b16 . ro sente tuib (no stuic), Alex. 494 (BB excerpts.).

Compd. ¤chetal trumpet music: ised tobchetal nime in torainn , Ml. 40d7 . air no cainte tobchetal leu som hi tosuch cech mís gl. canite initio mensis tuba, 102c8 .

tón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tón or dil.ie/41378
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tóin

n ā, f. Also tóin i, f.

(a) hindquarters, podex: tōn a tonitro .i. ōn torainn bīs inti, Corm. Y 1256 . natium, anulorum, id est inna ton 'of the rumps, bottoms', GDH 186 . na h-elta nīcos to dīn | snechta find fīr doroich tōin, Four Songs iv 3 . oc imdegail tóne, ZCP xviii 92.14 . ic a toin, 16 . ba menic rota Lūachra Dedad lim-sa foa tóin `under their posteriors,' Sc.M² § 7 . in gilla ... curthar fircenn a srōna | i fírcend tóna na mnā, ZCP iii 34.23 . co foph a thona, LU 8520 (FB). bara mor in brig sin ... for tuaith ┐ cenel ar thoin mna druithi, TBC-I¹ 3600 cf. (c) infra. ? ni ar thoin mna ... gaubus-sa inso, 1616 . as a mbelaib ... as a tonaib, Laws v 108.33 . ní raibh cor a gcois ná a dtóin leis, O'Gr. Cat. 632.35. meadh meanaidh thiar ar a thóin, Ir. Review 1912 , 471 § 7 . debide baise fri tóin, IT iii 150 § 28 . Metaphorical: tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair ` egress ,' Laws iv 158.14 Comm.

(b) bottom: ba usce for tóin créthir, MacCongl. 73.3 . nir bo leir ar tóin in ballain, Ériu v 116.42 . do rat fer don toraig orchar aithesach do cloich cur ben ar toin an aigin, Ann. Conn. 1406.4 . a thaeb fri toin na gabla, O'Dav. 1204. faoí thóin méise, Hard. ii 330.12 . gabas B. righi ... a ton Sceithia thuascertaig gu tracht mara Caisp ` depths ,' BB 18b32 .

(c) In various phrases: inetet toin a mna tar crich follows his wife, Laws v 516.6 .i. fer teid i lenmain tona a mna tar in crich, 19 Comm. hi toin mna mis-rairleastair, TBC-LL¹ p. 888 n. 5 = a n-diaigh mna, p. 889 n. 2 . do chim ... gur ab ·ian leat dul ar do thōin retreat from your position, Luc. Fid. 227.12 .

(d) g s. as adj. rear: glas fota bís iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna, Thr. Ir. Gl. 26.y . in caelan tona rear gut, O'Dav. 1210. don ces tona, Laws ii 232.10 Comm. itir a da cois tona, 240.4 Comm.

Compds. ¤airem rear ploughman (opposed to cennairem): Rimadh in ton-airem tend | Tairle in cendairem coitchend, ITS xxxix 60 § 16 . ¤lesc lazy, sluggish: Aodh buidhi ... ris a raitti an macaomh toinleasc, AFM iii 432.x .

torann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. torann or dil.ie/41429

 

Forms: toraind, torniu, torainn, thorni, torainn, toirne, torann, tarann

n o, m. n p. toraind, Ériu ii 112 § 33 . a p. torniu, Ml. 96d5 . Also ā, f. n s. in torainn , Ml. 40d7 . g s. thorni, Ériu ii 100 § 6 . d s. torainn , Corm. Y 1256 . n p. toirne, SR 8038 . torann, tarann [f.], IGT Decl. § 12 (p. 61.10) .

(a) thunder: cid 'mifoilngi t.¤ tren, SR 7933 . ticfat toirne cen tola, 8038 . ba maidm torainn for cech maig, SR 3931 . rí conic trethnu torann, 5254 . buale thiug tuirn tulcid ass `a dense ring of thunder breaks forth from it,' PRIA xix C 540 § 2 . tōn a tonitro .i. ōn torainn bīs innti, Corm. Y 1256 . ised tobchetal nime in torainn , Ml. 40d7 . in toráinn ón, 40d11 . int ainid ┐ in torainn , 96e11 . inna torniu, 5 . ní chúalasa in toraind cen na niulu and cosin-dossa, LU 8584 ( FB 44 ). tanic dorchatu ┐ toirne, PH 6324 . ba tinfisiu thorni collēic, Ériu ii 100 § 6 . amal fhogur torainn , ib. torunn no tene saignen, Laws iv 94.6 Comm. erlim ria toraind no aibeall, 104.8 Comm. dobertis torne ┐ ainbtine isin aer, CCath. 3920 . mar thoraind tricc, TBC-LL¹ 3364 . ceatha is teine is torann, DDána 50.20 . ní torainn tréan acht tóirneach, Dánfhocail 269 . pláigh na péine ifreannda 'na torn teintidhe gan traothadh, TSh. 7846 . teannáil no teine dhiadh an toirn teinntidhe sin, 6700 (but in the two latter exx. perh. read sorn, tsoirn; see sorn).

(b) (loud) noise: canait ... ardcheol n-ailghen amal toruinn ngaeithi, Ériu ii 128.3 . co ndiuchtradar toraind inna ngāeth, 112 § 33. co rīacht a bressim ┐ a torand ac techt sūas co Conall, i 116.z . duni t.¤ mar thoirnig aer, YBL 83b19 . in toirm ┐ in t.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 3307 . roacht in cloch a torand oc teacht sūas, ZCP xiii 176.27 . fa t.¤ mór míchéille, DDána 74.30 .

(c) noise of battle; battle, conflict: maidm toraind toll-chléthi, LU 8708 ( FB 53 ). do-clas tarann ag car chnuais | fa ngabhann gúais agh dá éis, IGT Decl. ex. 599 . do thionnsgann t.¤ na troda amhuil is gnath san uile mhachuire, Rel. Celt. ii 186.36 . tāinic roime i n-a thoraind f[h]ergaig f[h]orrānaigh, ML² 1783 . sgiath thar lorg ón torainn-sin (: comairge), Duan. F. i 88.5 . is edh rothorcuir la Heront aran toruindsin do muindtir diūice na Páni, ZCP vi 42.2 . dochuadur na hAlmainnig eturra ┐ dorugadur in t-imper ōn toruind-sin, 275.2 . ar mbeith coirthi dona Cristaighibh on cathughadh ┐ on torainn sin, ITS xix 78.30 ro léiccsiott na saighdiuiridhe frassa pelér ... go ttorchair Tadhcc ... don torainn sin, AFM vi 1882.14 . nochar th gan toradh, DDána 113.3 . gá dú achd fuair Fathadh Canann | bás ann d'éis a mhórtharann, 64.18 .

Compd. ¤breisim loud noise: do chuaid torrainnbreisim issin naer lá gein in meic, SG 253.25 . ¤brúcht loud noise : rocluinter a torandbrūcht ┐ a breisimnech, Corm. Y 323 (28.1) . ¤chaer explosive missile: occ diubhraccadh a n-ubhaillmheal luaidhe ┐ a ttoranncháor tteintidhe, Hugh Roe 106.9 . torannchless, see separate art. ¤chrith thunderous shaking: fa toirnchrith airm, CRR² 70.2 . ¤mór very noisy : do chaeraibh tromaibh torannmhoraibh teinntidhi, AFM vi 2028.6 .

tórann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tórann or dil.ie/41430

 

Forms: tóirand, torund, tóraind, tóranda, tára(i)nn, torainn, thoraind, tórann, tárann, teóra, teóranna

n o, n. vn. of do-foirndea. n s. a tóirand , RC xii 157.4 . d s. hon torund , Ml. 55a9 . g s. ind tóraind , Sg. 3b18 . n p. inna tóranda , Sg. 4a1 . Later (a) tóra(i)nn, tára(i)nn, f. : n s. torainn , CCath. 2998 . d s. do thoraind , PH 5105 . tórann tárann (f.), IGT Decl. § 12 (p. 61.14) ; (b) teóra n, f. n s. teóra, Proverbs xv 25 . n p. teóranna, Desid. 1913 . See Bergin, Ériu vii 27 - 9 .

I

(a) act of marking out, delimiting: contísed Patricc do thoorund a luic, Thes. ii 242.6 . is amlaid toirimther toraind in lis don mnái, Corm. Y 502 . a torind do flaith, Laws v 498.11 . dofóruinn impi toraind na ratha, ACL iii 326.24 . robādar seasca aigi n-allaig ac tōraind inaid dō, ZCP xiii 26.7 . dorónsat na clerig tóraind chilli, RC xxiii 414 § 27 . ra comled leis almu i n-aill | don dún ule ar n-a th.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 72.16 . la Patric Macha a mór raind | toraind nar tacha tirim, iv 340.4 (C.C.). is and boi Molling ac tóraind inaid mullind i Fornocht, RC xiii 112.15 . dorad tóruinn dia bachaill etarra ... ┐ ni lamad nechtar dhe techt do shaiged araili tar in toruinn-sin, Lism. L. 1964 . torainn in mor longcphuirt ` outlines ,' CCath. 2998 . midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalae ben de, O'Mulc. 823.

(b) share, division: toirne .i. cuit, ut est madh rodhmat flaithi inna aile is ina toirne tiagait .i. is ina cuit teit .i. ina trian, O'Dav. 1497 = Laws ii 308.18 Comm. ag roinn toruind furri, Anecd. ii 65.z . cin torrann eitir, O'Curry 876 ( H 3.18, 393a ). datat ocht fothoirnde fair ` subordinate parts ,' Auraic. 1897 . idhedh is he a fidh is moaum toraind dona v primfedhaiph, 2796 . a meut (.i. a toirne), 3889 .

(c) boundary, limit: tár Súir, tóraind Mumon ┐ Laigen, Expugn. Hib. 14 . fal torainde do flaith iar n-elod, Laws v 506.10 . rannfa meise ós mé do fhidir | aithne a dtórann, DDána 111.8 . maraidh a ttoitt (.i. ina iomlaine) a ttorainn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 128.5 = marid tóit a tóraind, LL 7b1 . ro s[h]idhaigh an tōraind sin Ēre uile, ML² 985 . Eisgir Riadha do theorainn eadorra, Keat. i 108.49 . do bhádar na cúigeadhaigh ag iarraidh teorann gacha cúigidh fá leith, ii 3327 . dorone arrgamint for da teóra a n-aghaidh Ercuil `argument about two limits,' Stair Erc. 1315 . atáid a miosúiri ┐ a dteóranna dísle féin ag na neithibh, Desid. 1913 . athnuadh luit is uilc gan teóra ` limitless ,' ITS iii 54.14 . tar t.¤ across the boundary: do lingsean tír tar a táraind | sinnser an trír álainn óig, IGT Decl. ex. 370 . atáid atuaidh tar táruinn, ex. 601 . tar tórainn cómhronna, ML 72.12 . ná tiostais Goill forra tar tórainn , AFM vi 1998.11 . ni dheacha[i]dh ceachtar díobh tar an tteoruinn sin, ZCP ii 550.23 .

(d) confines, territory: fada dhamh druim re hÉirinn | rom-sgar do thuinn re a tárainn, Measgra D. 45.2 . iar rochtain do R. i ttórann Tuadhmhumhan, AFM vi 2230.20 . lem ré ní fhaca mise | tāir theōrainn na tírese, Éigse ii 13.22 . ro turn ar teoruind na tiurmtalman, Stair Erc. 1559 . i cert-medón ind átha | ina thoraind tress-brátha `as a tourney-ground,' Metr. Dinds. iv 48.z . ? dofrith fá dhó a dhóithin do bhuac an chláir | do líon ó bhord tórann a cuach ar fán, Hackett xxi 26.

II

(a) act of representing, denoting, signifying: is bes leusom torand ... delbae inna rig ` represent ,' Ml. 65c15 ; torand folaid ┐ inne `signification of substance and quality,' Sg. 26b12 . sainreth nannmae torand folaid cen chinniuth persine, 27a6 . torand hi frecndairc indib ┐ folud tairismech `a signification in the present ... and a constant meaning,' 150b2 . slond gnimo cen torant persine, 154a4 . do torand apriscie, Hib. Min. p. 18.455 . is do thóraind rúine, PH 4459 . do thoraind ┐ do thairchetul in t-slánicceda, 5105 . i fhigur-sin ┐ i toraind na hernaigthe-sea, 8015 . conid for sluind ┐ tóraind na cial sin ro hordaig in suiscel, LB 107a25 .

(b) sign, figure: dogní a tóirand-sa `tu fais ce signe-ci,' RC xii 157.4 . hon torund chaum `by the crooked sign,' Ml. 55a9 . isin torund i mbiat, 65c15 . inna tóranda gl. figurae, Sg. 4a1 . ind tóraind `of the figure,' 3b18 . o méit di flescaib bís hisin torunt, 3b19 . condib imdu de torand inna forgnúso, 198a4 .

? In chevílle: torainn ṅgle, SR 129 . toraind ṅgle, 2197 . torainn ndil, 1589 .

Compd. ¤aile boundary fence: tor-aile, torund-aile, Laws v 270.15 .

tormaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tormaid or dil.ie/43361
Last Revised: 2019

 

v ā (toirm) resounds, makes a loud noise: tormaig céol co córib cét, Im. Brain² 36 § 18 ( Celtica xx 182 ). gloim ... trēn-tormaid 'strongly it sounds', LMU² 43 § 2 . t.¤ [fogur in gotha] ūasin ndūnad amal gāir ghāeithi mōire, Ériu ii 100 § 8. muir ... fris' tormai int iffern `against which Hell makes a mighty noise,' 110 § 33 . t.¤ amal torainn , 114 § 42. t.¤ amal ghāetha, 116 § 46 . cōic cenēla .lx. ... do cheōlaib issed tormas ann, 114 § 42.

trochamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trochamail or dil.ie/41981

 

adj i (trocha) pitiful, wretched, doomed: toitim 'na torainn truim t.¤ , Caithr. CC 33.12 . tangadur neoill troma trochamhla d'ionnsoigidh Con cC., ZCP x 297.14 . go bḟuair a oighed co trochamhail tupaisdech, ALC ii 294.29 .

turrac, tora(i)nn, tuirenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. turrac, tora(i)nn, tuirenn or dil.ie/42529

 

Forms: turrac

etc. n m. where gender indicated. Orig. form obscure. turrac m., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.15) . See GJ xix 169.

(a) rush, career, attack, onslaught: nirbo t.¤ gan tubha dashing without resistance,' CCath. 5796 . béra t.¤ seocha síar (turrag, v.l.), IGT Decl. ex. 400 . oibind beith ar Beind Edair | ... | turracc tuinde na hacchaidh, Reeves Ad. 285.15 . turracc tairbtech teinnesnach, L. Chl. S. 28.20 . do tuitidur dechnebur ar .xx. don toruinn sin leis (ruathur, v.l.), Fier. 66 . dobatar sgithach on toruinn sin, 107 . trebarluas ... in torainn tennretha do bí leisin bfior ... ag fágbáil na tulcha, SG 262.23 . docuaidh ... ┐ nír turn don tuirinn sin no co rainic in dinn, Stair Erc. 800 . tugamar tuireann grangca ` onslaught ,' Duan. F. ii 286.5 . do bhrethnughadh (sic leg.) bheo ┐ marbh | tiocfaidh sé, bhudh tuirionn garbh, Ó Héodhusa 11.19 . budh tormánach an tuireann do bhera an breithemhsa, 68.2 . le tuirinn a tréine (of the Shannon), 23 G 24, 224.4 .

(b) a fall: tre thurrainn a ngradaim gé leathchiorruigh lua mo ruisc `by their fall from rank,' Ó Bruad. iii 178.15 . turrain do fuair sí ruaig roimh rae é she took a fall which caused him to be born prematurely, ZCP v 219.566 (Midn. Court), tuirin, turraic, v.ll.

(c) calamity, disaster, grief: turrainn is géire dhamhsa dhíobh | gan simide céille i gceann gan mhaoin `the bitterest ... of all these painful pangs,' Ó Bruad. ii 34.y . d'órd chille ba ró-thurainn tú ar lár leasa `heavy is the blow to the Church's orders,' O'Rah. xxxiii 23 . mo threighid! mo thubaist! mo thurrainn! mo bhrón!, iv 33 .