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adamrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adamrae or dil.ie/290

(amrae)

I adj io, iā very wonderful: Isāc in macc a.¤ Thes. ii 300.7 ( Hy. i ). airdirc a ainm a.¤ , 322.5 (Hy. ii). It adamrai uili / na fertae adfíadam, Fél. Ep. 213 . már . . . do airfitib adamraib, IT i 310.6 . canait ceol n-adamra, LU 1978 ( FA § 5 ). flaith adamra, 1983 (ib.). adamra .i. ab admiratione .i. ōn ingantos, Corm. Y 22 .

II n As subst. io, n. wonder, marvel, miracle: trissa na.¤ sin `through that marvel', Ml. 61a16 . lase . . . asnindidid a a.¤ `when ye declare His wonder', 115b11 . do fis ind adamri sin, 61a13 . tormach nadamri són `that is an increase of wonder', 97c2 . adamri gl. mira, 22b7 . di neuch durignisiu du adamru friu, 63c5 . ní donaib adamraib sin, 60b6 . andorigni Dia . . . / do fertaib do adamraib, SR 5114 . di adamraib set of wonderful treasures, Laws v 406.21 .

7 aire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 aire or dil.ie/2153
Last Revised: 2013

n (1 ar) f.: enechgrisa co .xxx. s. saidthi cen airiu cen iarmo 'increase' CIH vi 2229.18 , Ériu xxxvi 164-66 ; 'lack' Celtica xv 18 : airu .i. tormach, ut est cin airiu cin iarmo .i. cin tormach cin díghbhail, O'Dav. 22 . (cf. aire .i. sr. iarmó .i. iarmoracht, 23 ).

airm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airm or dil.ie/2231

Forms: armand

n f. n p. armand, LU 11056 . place: is sruith ind a.¤ indid epiur, Wb. 4b26 . isind airmm gl. ubi, 4d2 . hu a.¤ gl. e rigione, Ml. 119a8 . a.¤ cussu rucad i slait / is í tuc ainm dond Eoraip, LL 16354 . rancatar co a.¤ i mboí F., LU 3350 ( SCC 14 ). acht co fíasur in n-a.¤ atá, 3373 (ib. 16). dia cloisir do guth cosin a.¤ seo, Laws v 190.7 Comm. Compd. 'na harmfocus `near at hand', Ériu xvi 161 § 8 . a.¤ .i. ionadh, O'Cl.

With the interrog. part. cía a.¤, cairm in what place? where?: ni fiastar som cia a.¤ indid immaircide do epert amén, Wb. 12d18 . cairm (.i. ubi .i. cid cairm .i. ubi) i cúala clūas `where hath ear of anyone heard it? Thes. ii 332.5 (Hy. v). cairm in tibre dam? where wilt thou give (it) to me? Trip.² 1939 . cisi a.¤ hi táside?, LU 3346 ( SCC 13 ). indid damse cit n-armand / hi fil chend erred Ul[ad], LU 11056 . ro chanustar C. ca ha.¤ a fuil D., MR 178.17 .

As conj. where (see GOI p. 546 ): a.¤ i fuirsitis in torcc arimbad and furruimtis a praintech there where they should find a boar, there they should put their refectory, Thes. ii 242.4 (Ardm.). a.¤ i naisṅdethat de dubiis generibus `the place in which they treat of double genders', Sg. 70b13 . a.¤ hi foí, BDD² 488 . a marbadh a.¤ ar saraigh comurba Brigde, RC xvii 381.9 . dóig rafetatar a.¤ condricfaitis na da curaid, LL 10234 . a.¤ .i. baile no inad . . . muna bat reille relltecha a.¤ concurtar cuir, O'Dav. 158 . nach a.¤ wherever: nach a.¤ indatochrathar im imséna `wherever they may happen to be concerned about a conflict of evidence', Críth G. 418 and n. nach a.¤ ata homo his isin scriptuir is do tormach aprisce doen da scripthuir, Hib. Min. 13.454 . nach a.¤ im mbid naidm, Laws v 368.12 Comm.

airthórmach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airthórmach or dil.ie/2442

adj ( tormach ) great increase(?): can urtormach do muic, O'D. 2417 ( Rawl. B 516, fo. 53d ) = urmach, 1655 (H. 5.15, 22b).

? anosud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? anosud or dil.ie/3754

ind tormach o recht litri .i. canoin . . . .i. a.¤ senchus mar, O'Curry 764 ( H 3.18, 360b ).

1 ara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ara or dil.ie/3913

Forms: ar

conj., nasalising, folld. by subj. See GOI § 898 . Reduced to ar before the neg. ná, before forms of the copula (often as air, see GOI § 803 ), before inf. pron. ( Wb. 12a3 ) and in the later ar co; note also a rnacathar, Ml. 68b9 .

(a) As final conj. that, in order that . Translating Lat. ut, ne with subjunctive: arimp do mórad dǽ uile gl. ut gratia . . . abundet in gloriam Dei, Wb. 15c4 . arinchomalnathar cach ṅgrád gl. ut . . . ornent in omnibus, 31c14 . arimpfollus gl. ut . . . euidens fiat, 32a2 . arna derlind gl. ne fratrem meum scandalizem, 10c14 . arna foircnea for crabud and gl. ne ab inuicem consummemini, 20b13 . arna ecmailtigetar gl. né insolescant, Ml. 27c6 .

Continuing the sense of a Latin ipv.: arnachitrindarpither frisin fírini per superbiam gl. noli altum sapere sed time, Wb. 5b33 . armbat irlithiu dé domini mandatís dei gl. serui obaedite dominís carnalibus, 22d2 . arnap éicen a ngóire in æclis gl. . . . non grauetur aeclesia, 29a10 .

In order that, so that in general: gigestesi dia linn arafulsam ar fochidi in order that we may bear, Wb. 14c2a . is dobar tinchosc ara-ndernaid a n-do-gniam, 16a24 . arnaroib na eícmailt i n-ellug inna æcaillse, 22c20 . arna farcabtis cen forcitlaid that they might have a teacher, 31d13 . arna roib cummasc foir to avoid confusion, Sg. 2a8 . mo chorp rop sigith sóethrach / arnādrīs iffernn, Thes. ii 353.5 (Hy. vi). a mesrugud . . . arnara fochund galir. Mon. Tall. 152.11 (§ 63) . dénaid oenbuidin . . . arnachab-accastar as tír, BDD² 435 . a sith do denam ar comad tresiti iad, Ériu viii 174.35 . ar gomadh tormach neirt don aird-ri, BNnÉ 321.y .

With as-beir (fri) introducing commands, injunctions, etc.: is hed asbeirsom híc aratartar airmitiu féid donaib preceptorib he here commands that honour be given, Wb. 15a19 . asber . . . arandathidisom di maith, 21d11 . asrubart dia friu som aracelebartis a sollumnu God has directed them to celebrate His feasts, Ml. 102d3 . asbeirsom frisnatorus arndacumcabat he commands the gates to be lifted up, 46a12 . abbair fri F. arim remḟissid arad sencharpait tell F. that he should be a foreseeing driver of an old chariot, ZCP xi 83 § 27 . asbert . . . ara scortís a cairptiu ┐ ara cuirtis cor . . ., LU 10577 . ráid friss arco tí coragba mo chor, LL 12690 (TBC).

With other verbs: focairther ō Dil arnā rogonta nech ann dona Déisib, Ériu iii 140.188 . dlegar . . . ar a mbe fer uaidib they must appoint a man, Laws iv 172.13 . aílit na naeimh anti Ruadhan . . . ar co tairsiudh co cutrama friu, BNnÉ 321 § 23 . ro fholāir in mhīchinneamain fuirre ar go ffessadh `misfortune drove her to find out', Fl. Earls 34.14 . Cf. tria itche Patraic forsin Coimdid arco tísed a trocaire forru, RC xii 428 § 17 .

After adjj. of suitability, desirability, etc.: is tacair arndip samlaid do chách, Wb. 22c11 . ised as maith la dia airimp etc., Ml. 130b8 . issed as cóir . . . arnachadfercaigthersu `that thou shouldst not be angry', Mon. Tall. 142.7 (§ 37) . as maith laisim . . . ariondgella (sic leg.) ┐ arindbó, 134.18 . Similarly: signum són araroib saingné fornaib gnímaib, Wb. 5a5 . After clause introduced by amal: amal fongní cach ball dialailiu . . . arafogna . . ., Wb. 12a12 . amal ata cáinchumracig side armba . . ., 30b23 .

Introducing wishes, recommendations, etc.: sechihed ríi a less arintaibrid di, Wb. 7b3 . airndib múcnae ┐ airndib ecmailt á n-étach . . . innaní prithchite . . . ┐ condib trianuile ṁbethaid gl. uestis profetae . . . indicat austeram uitam praedicantium, Tur. 71 . arinfestar cach dune may it be known to all, LU 3509 ( SCC 27 ). cach ōen comaldathar in cāin si . . . arim sírsaegul . . . ┐ arop airmitnech fēith, Cáin Ad. 30 . arnā ecmonga ait[h]ber fearga for ar n-aimiris may our lack of faith be not sternly punished, Ériu ii 122 § 62 .

(b) As explicative conj.: connách moidea nech arbed áarilliud nod nícad so that no one may boast that it was his merit that saved him, Wb. 2b4 (see note in Thes.). ní torménmar ni ara mbetis in gnimai sin `we had not expected that those deeds should be', Ml. 115b1 . dorochóinset arndabeth intairisem hirobatar riam they despaired of having, 131c9 . ? airm i fuirsitis in torcc arimbad and furruimtis a praintech, Thes. ii 242.4 (Ardm.). ní fitir ara mbeth and he knew not that it was there, Trip.² 1428 . cia beith ara rogba bóairechas riasíu ropo chúairddulchach though he undertake, Críth G. 67 . ni fetathar ar mad rí nad bi ecnaid no one can be a king who is not wise, Anecd. v 2.4 ( Alex. 822 ).

bésgnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bésgnae or dil.ie/5762
Last Revised: 2013

n (1 bés + gné)

(a) custom, usage; discipline, morality: ro fitis mo bésgnese frib, Wb. 14c12 . huanaibæsgnaib noibaib `from the holy customs', Ml. 74a14 . in bésgni gl. disciplinae, Wb. 24b10 . foglaim in besgnai, Ml. 14c11 . i ndegbæsgnu, 87a7 . na huili besgna gl. omnibus disciplinís, Thes. ii 7.26 . atbath in cach bescnu `in (the practice) of every rule', Fél.² Ep. 318. ambéscna `the usage', Trip. 34.2 . tormach bescna ┐ eolais of morality (?), ZCP xxx 140.10 ( Alex. 816 ).

(b) Legal custom, law, regulation; contract regulated by custom; protocol: Corus Bescna (title), Laws iii 2 . im chorus a mbescna ┐ a rechtgai, LU 9742. imma-deisidh leo a buith a mbéscna isind inis-se, Seanchas 252 § 1 . muna roib bescna eturru, slainti na fogla do niat (of mutual liability in the case of opponents in a battle), Laws iii 216.6 Comm. bescna .i. dliged, O'Dav. 275. tria bescna bríg, SR 7963. a crich nembescna `in a territory not covered by protocol´ CIH vi 1933.12 , Peritia xix 153 n. 33 . is coirpdire in bescna fil etarru do íc dó `of the protocol´ CIH iii 791 .28 , Peritia xix 153 n. 33 .

(c) speech, language: bescna .i. . . . bérla, Lec. Gl. 8. on Latindacht .i. a latitudine .i. on leithet in bescna, Auraic. 355. in gach beusgna ┐ in gach berla, 2268 . béasgnadha tuinighthe Taidhg `words', Content. xxii 20. cialla na mbéscna `the senses of the languages´ Ériu xxxii 70 gl. 13 .

coimmes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimmes or dil.ie/10249

Forms: coimes

n (com + 1 mes(s)) coimes m., IGT Decl. § 38 . comparison, likeness; act of comparing, vying (us. fri with), rivalling : coimius fēighi fri rionnoidh comparing oneself in sharpness to a r., Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 33 . doluid cach dia commes to judge between them (two warriors), Dinds. 57 ( RC xv 453 ). ? coimeas cainte am cainte gaeth, Oss. v 235.3 ( BB 39b50 ). coimeas crand contest of shafts, Ériu xviii 72 § 66 . c.¤ cána ┐ comíca gen tórmach `an equal reckoning', Leb. Cert.² 1471 (cf. coibé(i)s?). coimhmeas a chomh-óil to equal his hospitality, Content. ii 13 . do coimes fhesa . . . rit, BCC 78.23 . do bhí coimhmheas oinigh is daonnachta eatorra, Keat. ii 2082 . coimēs (leg. -es) aigi is Crīst comlán, ZCP vii 301 § 5 . a leithéid ná a choimhmeas the like, Párl. na mB. 157 . clú ban ód choimmeas fa cheo (: thuilleas), DDána 103.13 . i gcóimheas (MSS.) leó, Trompa na bhF. 1247 . fial-chath da chúaidh ó choimes incomparable, Hy Fiach. 182.4 . ball coimeasa a criterion, ZCP x 20 n. 3 . sgéul . . . nach clú coimeasa of incomparable fame(?), O'R. Poems 49 . ? cuid coimhmessa, Content. xxx 3 . dias choimmeasa two equals, MR 146.2 . See commus.

dígbál,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígbál, or dil.ie/16305
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dígbáil, díghbala, díbail

ā, f. (vn. of do-gaib) n s. dígbáil, Sg. 45b7 and in Mid. Ir. IGT Decl. § 149 .

(a) taking away, lessening, diminishing; diminution: ní bí digbail folad ann diminution of substance, Sg. 45b7 . cen tulled cen dígbáil, LU 2548 = RC xxv 238 , cf. PH 5094 . ni chumaing nech . . . a thormach nach a digbáil, SR 3124 . digbail . . . tormach , Laws v 108 Comm. is ferr for tormach oldas for ndigbail, RC xxiv 147 (TBFr.). deich mile do marcachaib . . . ba sí ann dígbail slóig Aissia that was the loss of the A. army, Alex. 287 . trénfer cech lae dia ndigbail reducing their number by a warrior a day, SR 5788 . ba digbáil faelti . . . do na hAffraic[d]ib the joy of the A. was diminished, CCath. 3176 . rogab for serg ┐ digbail, 973 . digbail neich den praind, Mon. Tall. § 58 . anaid gal cāich dia ndentar digabal a prainde if his rations are cut down (?), Corm. Y 418 s.v. digal (= digal, LB). is didbail na haimsire toirnes duir it is a diminution of the time that d denotes, Auraic. 1568 . bi maille . . . re digbail caithmhe in uidh (= bhídh), 3 C 19, 248va23 . ferr buidi inā dīgbāl (prov.) content is better than lessening, i.e. extravagance (?), ZCP vi 261 (= digbail, LL 345d3 ). cailte dígbála (women are) grudging of expenditure, Tec. Corm. § 16 . séan díoghbhála a tteacht asteagh `the entrance (of poets) is an omen of expenditure', Ériu v 56 . co nach roisedh neach secha gan a dígbail fris without his spending on him (i.e. entertaining him, of a hospitaller), Laws v 16.14 , 78.17 . nach fétar fiss dígbala in uilc-sin d'fhaisnés it is not possible to tell how to do away with the evil, PH 7787 . In legal phr. d.¤ láime lit. ` taking away the hand' used of relaxation of pressure brought to bear by a surety (trebaire, etc.) on an absconding person who later submits to law and compensates the surety: icad-sum digbail a laime risin fer amach, Laws iii 122 Comm. da tisadh in ceili . . . re dligedh a fognumha na gebtha uadh . . . dighbhail a laimhe dic re trebhairi, O'D. 2361 ( Rawl. B 506, 42b ) = O'Curry 416 ( H 3.18 228b ). intan tic cintach re cert ica díghbhail a laime re cechtar de, O'Curry 2552 ( Eg. 88, 46 (47)c ). nocha nicar ní ris acht digbail nama (of the sale of a stolen article), O'D. 860 ( H 3.17 613 ). Of an illness, abatement: a nd.¤ in ḟiabhrusa, 3 C 19, 3va23 . ag foillsiugad dighbhala na heasláinte, 259vb18 . an easlainte do bheith iona dhiobhail, 7va19 .

(b) loss, privation, want: 'nar cuiris mo mac do dighbhail (dith, v.l.) orum since you caused me the loss of my son, Fier. 99 . digbáil an fuaraidheacht = privatio vera frigiditas, O'Gr. Cat. 258 . díoghbháil aoisi unripe years (one of the impediments to marriage), Ó Héodhusa 220 . Donlevy 342 . pían na dígbála (techn. term in theology): pían na díoghbála .i. do beith derbhtha nách faicfe tú go brath gnúis Dé (part of punishment of Hell, opp. to p. na gcédfadh tortures), Mac Aingil 27 . Cf. dha sort peine .i. pian na gcédfadh ┐ na díoghbhala, Luc. Fid. 178 . As n.pr. m. (symbolic): Dighbail ┐ Espaid a n-anmanna, Acall. 6163 . In grammar the privative case , name given to subst. preceded by prep. DE, e.g. den fhiur, den fir, Auraic. 1525 . 1888 .

(c) detriment, damage, injury (with gen. or DO of person injured): cen far ndigbáil without detriment to you, Wb. 24d15 . ata pecad na drúisi ina dígbáil don chomarsain, PH 7442 . gan dighbail Fhindein no a lebhair do techt ass, BCC § 168 . ni derna an pest digbail do, § 196 . cred do rinne me . . . dorachadh a n-easonoir no a ndighbhail don Bhainrioghain, Shane O'Neill's Corres. ( Ulster Journ. Arch. v 269 ). an tí doní ar ndígbail, 3 B 22, 31b11 . mairg [dá] ndeachaidh i ndíoghbháil alas for him whom it harmed, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 40 . tóigfid suas comhairc na díoghbhála a cry of destruction, Isaiah xv 5 . comhtha d'faghail do mac D. . . . i n-ionad a dhíoghbhála ó R., AFM iv 670 . With subj. gen. (?): ní íocfa a Ghéag Thoighe Tháil | acht oile dhéag do[d ?] dhíoghbháil the 12th part of the damage caused by thee (?), Gofraidh Fionn ix § 24 ( DDána 101 ). pl. leiseóchar co dingbāla na díghbala any damage shall be made good, Fianaig. 72 . díoghbhála móra do dhénamh d'Ua N., AFM v 1810 . Also díbail: impo slán iarum can d.¤ , ALC ii 322 . coimedfaid sé h'oghacht can d.¤ unimpaired (said to Mary), 3 B 22, 50b35 .

Note also: dithell .i. dibail no dith, O'Curry 571 ( H 3.18 285 ). is inann dichell ┐ dibail, 575 (286). cen forcned, cin dibail, 1981 ( H 4.22 19 ).

dílse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílse or dil.ie/16453

Forms: dísle, dísle, dílse

n later also dísle , f. (díles) dísle, dílse, f., IGT Decl. § 3 . Abstr. Nouns § 46 . that which is proper to, inherent in, due or belonging to, hence

(a) propriety (i.e. fitness, peculiar applicability, to), passing into notion of appropriation; ownership, possession (of), right over (freq. with obj. gen. and prep. DO of appropriator or owner): asagnintar as nduine . . . intan asmberar uirgilius assagnintar assin doacaldmaiche tre dilsi, Sg. 29a3 . dilse cimbeto a captive's due, Thes. i 484 . cach biad cona dilsi, cona somilsi, cona slāine . . . (sei) eigenes (nicht gestohlen), ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 232 ). fiach . . . cona focal ┐ a dilsi ┐ a dilmaine, Bürgschaft 15 § 51a . athgabāil sēt con-imcloī dilsi (.i. a. gabur imin set ┐ imar claechlo a dilsi . . .) distress from `seds' which have changed ownership, Laws i 246 . frithe fairge . . . a dilse uile d'fir frithe sea-waifs become the property of the finder, v 334 Comm. a dilsi do lucht in feruinn cusa tárlu é (of a sea-waif), i 204 . rucus tuinede la fer n-ecoir . . . [Ba] deithbir ar nī bbuī dīlse na aititiu la fer for n-ecrad right of possession, ZCP xv 346 § 37 ( Rawl. 113b20 ). corosgáid A. im dilsi in maige sin do ┐ moa ainm fair entreated them to give him the right of ownership of that plain, Dinds. 69 . tabair-se dilse mo chríche féin damsa, SG 321 . dobreath . . . saer dilsi Muigi mac nErce do is da cloind co brath, Lec. 270a36 asbert M. nach tuc disli a fearaind acht do C. nama (imdillsi, v.l.), Ériu viii 175 . dorat Écubu lándílsi na hingine dó full possession of the maiden, TTr.² 1891 . dorat a ogdilsi fein cona uile maithius dó, RC xii 332 . baile biataigh do iodhbairt don C. . . . it iad slāna na hoghdhilsi go brath, Cadhla Ua D. etc. , `sureties of that perpetual gift', AFM 1176 . Isell C. do cennac ar dilse do Cormac . . . ó h. Flaithnen was purchased in perpetuity by C. from Ua F., CS 1089 . co dardad dilsi fērgleithe co ceann mbliadna, Laws iv 130 . Almu . . . do lecun do ar dilsi, RC ii 90 ( LU 3198 ). dilsi fogla ┐ airgni cathrach na hE. . . . do tabairt do dona hectrandaib the right to plunder and destroy the cities, CCath. 762 .

Hence with subj. gen. property, right, claim: tanic atuaid . . . do thabairt dilsi Gormlaithe ar ecin ō Lagnib, LL 52b15 . freedom, right over one's own actions, emancipation (?): bean nā fuil ac fir ┐ do nā tucad a dilsi, Laws iii 292. 20 Comm. do-rónsam dílsi chennaig frit: latsu 'na rucais linde 'na rucsam we made an appropriation of exchange (i.e. a transference in perpetuity), thine what thou didst take; ours what we took, PH 3217 . feibh mar fuaras dílse an sgéil, | dobhérad díbse a n-iul the truth of the story, O'Gr. Cat. 540 . tenn do denam dind ni as ten . . . is dechned iar ndilsi sin genuinely (?), RC xx 152 . ní dechned iar ṅdilsi tormach sillaibe, 150 . dotuit i ndilsi: dorochair i ndilsi di conid nomen di pudicitia `it has fallen into propriety to her' (i.e. become her special name), Sg. 29a8 . anni nognathaigheth cāch . . . dorochair i ndilsi do, Hib. Min. 168 . direnar in fer uadaib uile, no do rochrathar uile i ndilsi they have all fallen into the right (of compensation), Laws iv 178.21 .

(b) forfeiture . This meaning arises out of (a) in cases where a transference of property is implied, the ownership being forfeited by one of the contracting parties. The follg. instances from Laws illustrate the transition ( ó being used of party which loses, and DO of that which gains possession): mad ro achtaig cin ar ┐ ro hairedh, is dilsi in air cona ṡīl, Laws iv 132 . biaidh dilsi cacha athgabala do eclais and the possession of (right over) every such distraint goes to the church (i.e. is forfeited to it), v 256 Comm. is dilsi a fiach uad `he forfeits the debt' (lit. `it is forfeiture of his debts'), i 114 Comm. dilsi a gill on thi dobeir a geall his pledge is forfeited (lit. the forfeiture of his pledge) by the man who . . . v 188 . dilsi a fiach ōn fir doghni an acra, 310 Comm. When land is seized unlawfully: cach ní berar do techtugadh a dilsi dfir bunaidh, iii 148 . dilsi n-airme `forfeiture of the stock', iii 148 . d.¤ in ratha, ii 270 . dilsi a cotach frithgnuma on adaltraidh, 366 . mleth díchmairc i mmuiliunn mrugḟir, cóic séoit ┐ dílse mine melar díchmairc, Críth G. 239 . trí diubarta forsná íada d.¤ `on which forfeiture does not close', Triads 149 . lánd.¤ do cach láim la fíachu `full forfeiture for every hand with fines' (? one of the duties of a ruler), Tec. Corm. § 2 . druim risna drochgráduib, dílsi gach acabair renunciation of all desire, ZCP viii 215 . imba ar ndilsi co n-ar claind a mainche duit shall it be forfeiture of ourselves with our children into your service? Anecd. i 41 . nech imrét ech i ndomnach, dílsi a eich his horse is forfeit, Ériu ii 204 . a caīrich do dīlsi hi llomrad glassenguirt na rīgna (judgement of Lugaid m. Con), ZCP viii 311 . Note: ni teiged bem i [n]dilsi na [i] ndilmaine uad in vain, TTebe 2526 .

(c) security, pledge, warrant: tucad Pátraic inna dilsi, RC xxxvi 264 ( Rawl. 86a3 ). cach fiach co dísli, cach disli i láim rātha, ACL iii 227 . cach altrom co d.¤, cach d.¤ co rún, 228 . nói ngrad nimi . . . is iat dilsi lúagi lemmthair | dúani Crimthain `they are the securities of the price vouchsafed for C.'s poem', MS. Mat. 491 = LL 45b35 (or pl. of 2 díles?). dodechaid Osraighe i ndilsi fri Leth Cuinn entered into suretyship for (`allegiance with'), AU 858 . rígh Osraighe do bheith i nd.¤ fri L. C., AFM 857 . dobersa dō . . . ┐ doberar Caelaind Craibtheach fris na dilsi I will give him (land) and C.C. shall be surety to him for it (?), YBL 174b39 . ata C. a ndilsi fris fein ┐ fri a ḟearand, 44 . ceithre báis breithe: a breith i ngó, a breith cen dílse . . . (.i. faoi omhan gan árach), Triads 244 .

(d) loyalty, fidelity , (cf. 1 díles (c) loyal ), common in later lit.: issed is dóennacht, dílsi ┐ diute, tua ┐ trebaire, LL 294a34 . d'fiachaib ar Dh. umhla is dísle do choimhéad do R. to be obedient and faithful to R., Keat. iii 5116 . ni raibhe dísle ag duine d'eis Chumhail d'Fionn, 3 B 14, 39 . ní fríth . . . neach . . . do rinne dísle dhoiséin, 41 . ní chomhall sí d.¤ dhamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 3 . i n-aghaidh mo dh.¤ dhuid | m'faghail is tríbhse tánuig, TD 14.147 . ar derbdilsi a thinōil ┐ ar lān-mēt a maicne on account of the loyalty of his assembly, BB 426bz . iar ttabhairt . . . chánóine Patraig dhóibh im dilsi dhó having pledged their loyalty to him on Canóin P., AFM 1196 . go mbí fearg Dé rinn tré pheacadh an tsinnsir nó go bhfaghthar linn d.¤ , TSh. 4084 . a ró d.¤ ag díon gach ḟir, Content. xxx 2 .

(e) security, safety: da bhfaghadh arthrach fria himluchtadh ┐ dilsi fria dul ┐ fria techt security to come and go (?), Caithr. CC § 61 . geallaidh disle no ionniollus (= securitatem pollicetur), 24 P 22, 142 . dísli Dé fuair ré a uaisle peace of God (?), 3 C 13, 939 . fágbhaidh cnuas d'ísle san ḟiodhbhaidh | nár dhísle thuas d'iomdhaidh éoin that there was no safety above for the bird's resting place (lit. that it was not safety, cf. 22.6 ), TD 29. 120 .

(f) The follg. exx. perh. belong to a different word, cf. IGT Decl. p. 39.8 : gan ingin righ . . . dho lamhachtain druine nā dhilsi nā dheghlāmhda `to work embroidery or to practise charity (?)', Caithr. CC § 3 . co faccadar na tri hingena ac denam a ndruinechais (a ndruine ┐ a ndísle ┐ a ndeghláma, Fr.), Acall. 7321 .

do-formaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-formaig or dil.ie/17679
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: doformaig, dofórmgat, tórmaig, tórmais, dorórma(i), doforma, thormassíd, tormaisead, duforma, dofoirmsed, dorormacht, dorormachtatar, doformagar, tórmagar, doḟormmagddar, tormastar, dufórmastar, doformastar, durormacht, tórmachte, tórmachtai, tormachtai, tormach, tormaigid

v (* to-for-mag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 573 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. doformaig, Ml. 55c20 . 3 pl. dofórmgat, Sg. 53a11 . Ipv. 2 s. tórmaig, Ml. 105d4 . Subj. pres. 2 s. mani tórmais , Sg. 208a2 . 3 s. cia dorórma(i) , Críth G. 263 (with -ro-). curab an-othrus doforma , Laws v 150.18 Comm. 2 pl. ni thormassíd , Thes. ii 292 . Subj. impf. 3 s. cia tormaisead , BDD § 2 . Fut. 3 s. duforma, ZCP iii 451.23 . Condit. 3 s. dofoirmsed, Ml. 35a17 . Perf. 3 s. dorormacht, Hib. Min. 337 . 3 pl. dorormachtatar, O'Curry 783 ( H 3.18 366b ). Pass. pres. s. doformagar, Sg. 67a12 . ní tórmagar , 202a2 . pl. doḟormmagddar, 28b18 . Subj. pres. s. dia tormastar , Ml. 20a19 . Fut. s. dufórmastar, 105a8 . doformastar, LU 3345 ( SCC § 13 ). Perf. durormacht, Ml. 90d1 . Part. tórmachte, Sg. 208b13 . pl. tórmachtai, 53a11 . See tormachtae. Vbl. of necess. bed tormachtai gl. amplianda, Ml. 88a14 . Vn. tormach . In later Mid.Ir. as simple vb. tormaigid.

(a) increases, amplifies (trans. and intrans.), somet. with DO of pers. affected: dofórmaich (sic leg., -maith, MS.) fochricc dosom sochude du creittim tria precept, Wb. 1b5 . doformagar pendait do suidib la diri (i.e. ecclesiastics have both penance and `díre'-fine), Laws v 52.24 . Cf. Ériu xii 6 § 4 . doformaig ar less, Arch. Hib. iv 204.20 . doformaig a ánae it increaseth his wealth, Fél. Ep. 195 . prímmartir donformaig `who enlarges us', Fél. Oct. 18 . d.¤ sāiri (.i. tormaigid eneclann du neoch), Laws v 108 (text and Comm.). cid mor in tepersain ┐ in fleochad, ni thormaiget na bainde, PH 6366 (intrans.?). notchrínat, ní thormaiget (= nít-th.) they waste you instead of increasing you, Triads 223 . dia tormastar a mét, Ml. 20a19 . ni rothormacht a llín nāch a n-āiriumh, Ériu ii 128 § 92 . ó doérghedh a ferg . . . nótormaighedh a gnimradha gaile, CCath. 358 . Oppd. to do-gaib (-dígaib): cipé bess hi manistir . . . ná dí[g]bad, ná tormaiged | a riagail nó a recht, LB 234 marg. sup. is sain-recht i ndigabar, | i tormagar cuit there are special conditions for diminishing and increasing rations, ZCP xiii 28 . conā tormaigfed nó nā digebad cid a oen fhocul dia briathraib, Mon. Tall. § 61 (or in meaning (b)?).

Intrans.: dofórmgat isin dírruidiguth which increase in the derivation (of derivatives formed by a suffix), Sg. 53a11 . ce doformaighsaid gradha, ni tormaig sét biata, O'Curry 783 ( H 3.18 366b ). acht cia tormaisead feoil na fortchi foraib unless the flesh . . . should increase on them (?), BDD § 2 . rothormaighetar na toirthe the fruits multiplied, MR 100 . tórmaiget techta o tuscurntib messengers exaggerate through their inventions, Anecd. v 2 = tormaigit techtaire, Alex. 833 . . . . ceilibh tormaigheas do gradaibh flatha `tenants that advance (= enhance?) the grades of chiefs', Laws iv 382.10 Comm. In follg. cases the construction may be impers.: mani torma selbh unless there is an increase of stock, Laws iv 288.y Comm. muna tormaigea bithbinchi, iii 172.16 . mani torma tlacht .i. muna roib étach aige aga thoirithin, O'Dav. 1505 = Laws iv 36.4 .

(b) adds (with FOR of that which is added to, less often FRI): nach ní dorormacht septin . . . dorat Cirine obail fair whatever the Septuagint added, Hib. Min. 337 . genmotha inni rothormachtatar filid except what poets added, Auraic. 21 . doformaig cech peccad for alaile ndo, Ml. 55c20 . durormacht cech n-olc for alaill, 90d1 . dufórmastar cech fechtnaige for araili doib, 105a8 . noco tormaigenn ni ar muic oirc do breith it adds nothing to (the value of) a pig, Laws iii 244.4 . ni tormaig sin fiacha ormsa that lays me under no additional obligation, Ériu viii 56 . tormaig cumaid form, Festschr. Stokes 4 . is dialt duformaidh gach n-ae dib for alaili each adds a monosyllable to the preceding one, Auraic. 776 . im tri cēd cruimther n-ōgh | fors-tormag grādh on whom he confers orders, Mart. Don. Mar. 17 = forsa dtormaigh gráidh, Keat. iii 282 . tormaighter dam traig gach bliadain for and inis, Anecd. i 63 . arna tormastar fort iliuna, Ériu viii 173 . leth dorormacht elada ┐ frichnum uirri, amail tormaiges ar gach n-oigi the half that art and diligence have added to its value as they add to the value of all artistic work, Laws v 82.5 Comm. a-n-as tórmachte ipse fris when `ipse' is added to it, Sg. 208b13 . ní tórmagar frisuidi gl. additur, 202a2 . in dā fidh doformaighet (doformaigitar, v.l.) frisna cūic feda the two vowels which they add to the five (original ones), Auraic. 260 .

doíre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doíre or dil.ie/17939

Forms: doire, doire, doiri

n , f. (doír)

(a) captivity, bondage, slavery: doforsailced in doire the captivity has been loosened, Ml. 131d1 . amal bid iar mai[d]m chatha forru dubertis ba samlid a ndoire leu, 84c9 . ni bai dóere bad teinne, SR 3675 . a bithdoéra (: do-t-rega), 3344 . daire amlaid . . . ni tharlaid for bith buide, 3667 . daoíre a cuinge the oppression of her yoke, O'Gr. Cat. 518.3 . g s. inna doire , Ml. 61d9 . in calamitate .i. inna doire, 14b10 . fo brón na dóiri, Thes. ii 308.25 , gl. fo déraib, Hy. ii 2 . isse seo fochond a doere, Thes. ii 309.14 . for tuatha De tabrad (leg. -aid?) cach tormach ndoére, SR 3884 . inaimsir na tromdaire, 3694 . d s. conairleicthea asin doire ho Chir, Ml. 34d21 . reversionis .i. macc nIsrahel a dóiri, 46a5 . taidchuir macc nIsrahel a doire, 46a26 . issi a lobrae in popuil son isin doire, 45c9 . nonsoerni . . . di doiri babelon[e] doratad fornn, 46b26 . ar comthod ni as in doiri, 111a5 . arna tormal mo saigul nuile i ndoiri, 119b6 . nachabticfed for ri . . . a toiri, 46a14 . Codrige a ainm inna doere i nErind, Thes. ii 308.36 . comboé fo daire in-Egept, SR 3168 . in cethramath toisich . . . dodechaid asin dore (leg. doíre), Hib. Min. 212 . de dóiri Égipte, Fél. Ep. 532 . combái . . . oc ingairiu in dōiri, Mór M. § 3 . Patraic . . . ind inbaid sin i ndaíre in hErind, LU 266 . nis bia i n-daire damsa acht fogain don choimdid, IT i 40.39 . aititmit . . . ar mbeith fén a ṅdoire ar ar pecthaib, PH 7977 . i ndaeire ┐ i ndochraite ┐ i cumalacht do Eogan, SG 313.3 . a s. re techt in doiri , Ml. 80d9 . roétrummaigset in babillondai són doiri forsna cenela echtranna, 113c8 . ructha som i ndoiri, 102c7 . i mblogaib . . . cusin doriu (leg. doíri) baibilonde, Hib. Min. 209 . is 'na comar rugad ind airc isin daire, Todd Nenn. 40.10 . dosratsat fo thromdoere, SR 3664 . ruccsat a ndocar . . . ┐ i n-daire tar fairrge . . . leo, Cog. 42.19 . fogebtís . . . gorta ┐ doire, PH 4050 . traill a nomine trulla .i. lossat . . . ar d.¤ a fognama baseness , Corm. Y 1249 . dorat Eithne dáire fuirri ┐ rop í in dáire .i. nái méich arba do bleith cech lái servitude , SG ii 491.37 . daig fognait do na maithibh, is i a ndairi that is what constitutes their base status, Laws v 96.14 Comm. ní ar dhaíri na fineadhach sin acht ar dhaíri fhéir ┐ fhearaind ` liability ', Leb. Cert. 96.16 . In sense of stock held by a base client: nochon i athcuirther acht in daire, Laws ii 208.27 Comm. Cf. 1 saíre. Of the relation of a pupil to his teacher: cach felmac i n-aimsir daire do fithidir, ZCP xiv 375 § 38 ( Laws ii 288.7 ).

(b) dearness, costliness: (of Gobbán saor) go rodallta la hoirbire na naomh for a dáoire friú ┐ méd a loighi for charging them so much (for building), BNnÉ 10.14 . in tan do-chuaidh an fearann a ndaoire, PCT 801 .

Compd. ¤lige servitude: nos marthait a ndaoiriligi la Neimhedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 74.17 . in daoire lige, 19 .

esnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esnam or dil.ie/20541
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: easnamh, easnadh

n (ess + sním, Ériu xxvii 128-29 ) easnamh (o, m.) IGT, Decl. § 28 . want, lack : cen tórmach ar dáig saidbri cen easnam ar daidbri 'without increase for wealth nor decrease for poverty', Leb. Cert.² 1472 . Cf. 1 esnad. See also Dinneen s.v. easnamh ; easnadh 'want, defect' P. O'C.

1 fál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fál or dil.ie/21231

Forms: fala, fáltaigib, fáltaib, fál

n o, m. cf. fál o, m. IGT, Decl. § 96 . (orig. neut. ? n p. fala, Laws v 500.9 ). The pl. forms fáltaigib, fáltaib, cited below, are perhaps caused by contamination with 1 búaile (q.v.) which is common in similar contexts. A fence, hedge, enclosure: fál `a hedge' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 334 . domfarcai fidbaidae fál a hedge of trees overlooks me Thes. ii 290.7 . fri frega f.¤ `against the wall-fence' 293.22 ( SP ii 9 ). clár cóir cobsaid ... fal fri fóir forsaid, SR 982 (cf. fal ḟossud 986 ). draighneach bis i fal...`a blackthorn which is in a ... fence' Laws iv 150.11 Comm. felmae quasi fal im bae, ar is fal fedae focorthar ind, O'Mulc. 511 . ro choimhrithsat na huain ar amus a maithrech, ár ní raba fal eatarra, Lism. L. 4847 . ba fal re mbruchtud robarta `a hedge against the swelling of a spring-tide' (of a hopeless undertaking), Cog. 162.22 . focherd-san a ḟál mbodhbha ... i n-imthimcheall ceitri n-ollchóiged nErenn, TBC-LL¹ p. 381 n. 1 , cf. 'na cathchliathaibh ... ┐ 'na faltaighibh bodba umpu, CCath. 2691 (faltaibh v.l. see Compds. below, under -tech). fál catha, CCath. 1722 = moenia clausa ... iuvenum Luc. Phars. iii 373 . fal mara `a sea-wall ' (expl. of Fālgai = Fālchae) Ériu ii 22.11 . fál tonnmhuire 'na thimchioll the billowing sea as hedge TD 28.35 . g s. nach faicci ... inad in fail? `the site of the wall' (of a camp) CCath. 2997 . athnuagugad na mur ┐ tormach na rath ┐ na ḟal (of fortifying Troy) LL 407a42 . d'faltaib in longphuirt, CCath. 5421 . fá na fáltuibh, Luke xiv 23 . do bhris tú a ḟálta uile all his hedges Psalms lxxxix 40 . do phlanduigh ... fíneamhain ┐ do chuir fál uimpe (= saepivit eam) TSh. 10484 . leim tar fal amach a leap over the hedge (i.e. an evasion) Luc. Fid. 286.7 . Often fig.: nai ngrad na gnath-ṡairsi | bud f.¤ fam naomhaib-si, ZCP viii 214.10 . inti scuchas fal dochraite dibh the barrier of oppression Laws iv 376.16 Comm. f.¤ na fírinde, IGT, Decl. ex. 1068 . mar chleathaibh ceangail ar an bhf.¤ bhfírinne se, TSh. 6714 . f.¤ na foghluma, Studies 1924, 89 . na soibhéasa bhíos 'na bhf.¤ timcheall na hanma, TSh. 1469 . ... atáid 'na bhfál re broscar bíodhbhadh, Keat. Poems 35 . In Laws, a legal barrier: cis lir fala for iadat dilse cacha selba, SM Facs. 1a20 (`how many are the bars which shut up the right to every kind of property ?' Laws v 500.9 ). fal fine (.i. inn imi dani in fer fini, etc.) ib. SM Facs. 23 ( Laws v 500. 10 ). muna tuctar, is fal `unless they are given, it is a bar' Laws v 504.5 Comm. fal anfaitcis (.i. ... in ime doni in tí ac na bi faitechus ceille co comlan), Laws v 508.19 . Cf. ZCP iv 227 . fal fingaili (= the murder of a kinsman as an impediment to assuming sovereignty) Leb. Cert. 110.17 .

Compds.: ¤airbe hedge-fence: (fig. of an encircling phalanx) fál-airbi ferrda ... Frangc, MR 214.17 . ¤chip close phalanx: pl. fālchipeada fēigi, 224.6 . ¤chliath a hurdle: co rallsat ... falcliatha sciach ┐ draigen isin n-āth, Dinds. 61 . ¤dos = a thornhedge: Micah vii 4 . ¤tech (?) an enclosure, pen: alma ┐ éiti ... iarna lecud as a faltaigib ┐ a fidbualtib, LL 265a9 ( MU² 390 ). Cf. CCath. 2691 cited above.

formach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. formach or dil.ie/23754

n increase, increment: fórmach .i. tórmach .i. médughadh, O'Cl. (but the alleged ex.: donformaigh .i. do ní ar dtórmach, suggests that the word is here merely extracted from the verbal form). bid f.¤ duit siu cluchi cāich fri tressaib Forgaill fessin (= the performances of others will be a gain to you compared with F.'s ?) LU 10266 = forfinach, ZCP iii 235.1 . f.¤ n-āir increase of slaughter TBC-LL¹ 6032 . bid f.¤ dond imargail, LU 5783 . bid f.¤ do rígmartaib, 6575 (= TBC-I¹ 1312 , 2059 ). rop fórmach muinntire dóib sin, TTr.² 1900 . ba f.¤ for a ṅgrēs, ZCP xi 109 § 14 . co mbadar nai n-ordlaigi da formaid ṡailli for a sruib (of a fattened pig) nine inches' growth of fat Lec. 259ra43 (prob. corrupt; Dinds. 112 reads: co mbatar .uii. n-airtim di forbaidh saille, etc.

formolad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. formolad or dil.ie/23786

Forms: formolta

n u, m.

(a) praising; praise, eulogy: oc f.¤ a atharda budessin, LB 134a27 ( Todd Lect. vi p. 41 ). ro ráid C. in f.¤ bec so (of a stanza follg.) Acall. 114 . bíd mná timcheall an mhairbh ag tabhairt teasta ┐ formolta air (of Connacht funeral customs) TSh. 5719 . pl. inna formolta , LU 4831 = formolta Con Chulaind, TBC-I¹ 360 . formolta fása ... na filed panegyrics MR 190.4 .

(b) in gramm. the superlative degree: superlait lasin Laitneoir .i. ... formoladh lasin filidh, Auraic. 645 .

(c) in prosody, f.¤ filed augmentation, techn. term for addition of a syllable to the end of a word: ní dechned ... tormach sillaibe, acht is f.¤ filed, RC xx 150 (where exx. given are: `gannón annón,' where -ón is suffixed to `gann, ann'). feron a formoladh (declension of fer), Auraic. 1793 . Cruithnechán ..., án .i. tormach sillaéibhe (.i. formoladh) tucadh fair, Cóir Anm. 52 .

gaibid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaibid or dil.ie/25119
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: gaibim, gabimm, gaibiu, gaibid, gaibthi, gaib, gaibit, gabit, gaibde, gaba, rogba, gebaid, gebat, gabsu-sa, rongabus, gabais, gabis, rogab, gaibthir, rogaibther, gaibtir, gabthar, gabthe, rogabad, rogabath, rogabtha, gabthi, gabaid, gebsa

v see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 527 . O.I. Pres. ind. 1 s. gaibim, Thes. ii 2.35 . gabimm, Wb. 16d4 . gaibiu, Trip. 54.14 . 3 s. gaibid, Wb. 9a3 . Ml. 64c12 . (with pronom. suf.) gaibthi, Sg. 26b7 . ni gaib , Wb. 3d8 . 3 p. gaibit, Sg. 200b10 . gabit, Ml. 38a8 . rel. gaibde, 76a16 . Pres. Subj. 3 s. gaba, Wb. 28a20 . rogba, 15d40 . Fut. 3 s. gebaid, Wb. 8a7 . 3 p. ni gebat , 4c8 . Pret. and Perf. 1 s. gabsu-sa, Thes. ii 291.7 . (ceín) rongabus , Wb. 23b18 . 3 gabais, Thes. ii 238.16 . gabis, i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ). rogab, Wb. 2c21 . Pass. Pres. ind. s. gaibthir, Wb. 16d7 . (hó) rogaibther , 13b13 . p. gaibtir, Thes. ii 295.16 . Subj. s. gabthar, Wb. 29b5 . Pret. and Perf. s. gabthe, Ml. 55c1 . rogabad, 14a14 . rogabath, 24d13 . p. rogabtha, 133b2 . verb. necess. gabthi, 76d4 . Vn. gabál, q.v. For later forms see IGT Verbs § 23.

I Trans. lays hold of, grasps .

(a) takes hold of, possession of ; passing into sense receives, accepts . With co and reflexive pron. takes to oneself : admits of, allows . Ní gaib cen (acht) insists on. Supports, upholds (= congaib) ; sometimes almost = fogaib.

(b) With pers. obj. receives, admits . g.¤ nech in receives as : g.¤ ar considers as.

(c) takes by force, captures ; takes away ; g.¤ lám, g.¤ búaid.

(d) More rarely holds, maintains (against an enemy).

(e) affects, takes hold of (lit. seizes, possesses) of a mental condition, etc. ; affects injuriously (illness, etc.) paralyses, bewitches .

(f) puts, applies .

(g) puts on, assumes : g.¤ arm assumes warrior status ; g.¤ caille, colann, étach, etc. With imm and reflexive pron. puts on (clothes), cf. inf. V (g).

(h) g.¤ cuan, port, etc., reaches (a destination).

(i) g.¤ dúnad, longport pitches a camp .

(j) chooses, fixes (a day, meeting, etc.).

(k) sets about, begins (an employment, etc.).

(l) conceives (a passion, etc.).

(m) thinks, infers . (m 2) takes down from dictation; edits (?).

(n) conceives (offspring).

(o) With for and reflexive pron. takes on oneself (responsibility, etc.).

(p) With co and refl. pron. assumes .

(q) takes a path, traverses, reaches .

(r) ? celebrates (a festival).

(s) suits (late).

(t) A legal idiom (?)

II Intrans.

(a) goes, proceeds .

(b) lands, settles, takes up one's abode (esp. of starting a community).

(c) holds out, remains .

(d) Gram. is declined ; also is subdivided.

(e) holds sway, reigns .

(f) takes hold or effect .

III Perfect forms= subst. vb.

IV sings, chants, recites , etc.

V Further uses with preps. :

(a) g.¤ ar (1) holds back, restrains (2) distrains (rare).

(b) g.¤ de hinders, holds back : also g.¤ ní de neuch.

(c) g.¤ do (1) sets about . (2) attacks . (3) covers, fits .

(d) g.¤ fa attacks, charges at.

(e) g.¤ for (1) assails . (2) begins, sets about . (3) overtakes . (4) outshines .(5) includes .

(f) g.¤ fri (1) holds out against . (2) warns (doubtful). (3) receives, welcomes (late). (4) commences, begins .

(g) g.¤ imm (1) refuses, refrains from, conceals, withholds . (2) distrains . (3) makes good, compensates . (4) adheres to. (5) dresses, arrays oneself.

(h) g.¤ in assails .

(i) g.¤ la accepts, sides with.

(j) g.¤ oc. (1) sets about, begins . (2) sides with, stands by ; passing into sense is partial to, lets off.

(k) g.¤ ós gains supremacy over .

VI Used in phrases with nouns to which references are given.

I Trans. In widest sense lays hold of, grasps .

(a) takes (hold of, possession of) ; passing into sense of receives, accepts (with mat. obj.) : amal náṅgabimmse didiu ni gaib Lucas, as I do not take it (of a payment), Wb. 16d4 . rogabad gabáal dóib leu, 7a7 . gebid A. in n-id inna láim, TBC-LL¹ 581 . focherd a bunsaich ... condagebed re toitim ... so that he would catch it before falling, TBC-I¹ 518 . gab a Eba in t-uball-sa, Ériu iv 114.2 . rogab ... in mac ina ucht, RC xxiv 192.1 . adubradar nach gēbdais coma ina sārugud, ZCP viii 274.18 . Giabud-sa coma uaib, xiii 240.14 . dogab Buinne na comhadha sin, IT ii2 140.445 . `in ngēbthái cís no cáin uatha ? ' ... `ní giabthar,' ZCP xiii 226.9 - 11 . do-ghéabhainn ... eineaclonn, TD 3.52 . Analogous : roghabhsat a ndíorma `they sent out their squadron' (i.e. took and got together), AFM v 1812.15 . geibid Brigit e fri baithis `B. holds him at the baptism,' Fél. 110.27 . g.¤ ech gets (and makes ready) a horse : gabhthar a ghabhar do Ghuaire, RC xxvi 374.22 . gebid ar n-eich co escaid, vii 296.114 . is gabtha indiu in gabar bán, SG 243.32 .

With non-mat. obj. : gēbaid a ainm dim anmaim[-se] he will take his name from mine, ACL iii 231.16 . ro gab ratha grene ┐ esca `took guarantees of the sun and moon,' MR 2.5 . caibdhi (caibghi v.l.) ler geab sí suirgi a bride-price for which she accepted wooing, IGT Decl. ex. 176 . geb as do thoil fen bás accept death, PH 6631 . gab maithim n-anacail accept protection, TTebe 1030 . níor ghabh umhlocht `did not receive homage,' TD 17.43 . ro ghabh a n-airi cur fir a ndobratar a ndraidhe fein riu it was borne in upon them, RC xliii 76 § 76 . g.¤ sossad (suide, etc.) : rogab á sossad he hath taken his station, Wb. 4b18 . gabsat ... a suide, BDD 59 . gaib do chuil isin charcair take thy corner in the prison, Thes. ii 290.8 . g.¤ ríge, tír, etc. takes possession of, takes over (an office, dignity, property, etc.) : ataat da n-orpe rogab A., Wb. 2c21 . cia dib gebus t'forba, RC xxiv 194.1 . resiu rogabtis tír tairṅgeri, Ml. 123a1 , or under (c) ? tria chumachta na hingine nogebtais tír, Ériu iii 138.2 . doguidhetar ... fá mhac ... dogébhed a nionad dia neisi, BNnÉ 190 § 1 . iar ndul adíu nogabad Tír an Dísirt `that he set up in T.' (of a bishop), BColm. 56.30 . i mbechbrethaib bech ... gaibte crann `bees that have taken up their lodging in the tree,' Laws iv 180.16 . gabaid M. rīge nEírenn, ZCP viii 318.11 . ... nar gaba rath na righi, Fen. 120.11 . Ri do gabustar righi, BCC § 141 . Cf. in lin rig rogab hErind, Fen. 58.14 . ar ghabh dá gcineadh Bóinn Bhreagh, TD 8.17 . géba apdaine ┐ cumachta fors-in domun, PH 2272 . Domnall o Conaill do gabh uadha e a nGaidhilg `took it down in Gaelic from him' (i.e. from his dictation), Plummer Colophons 16, n.4 . Often with co and refl. pron. takes to oneself, undertakes : ma ro gabsat daine aile cuca ar comairce, Laws iv 228.25 . gab chucat sind, a Christ, PH 183 . gabh chugat mo chomairche undertake my defence, Dán Dé 1.3 . blāith rogabais cucut corp, ACL iii 242 § 16 . dogab Serlus sin cuige co mor, C. took that greatly to heart, RC xix 278 § 204 (Fier.). níor gábh Eóghan chuige go maith an t-urfhuighioll sin, ML 44.9 . takes to witness : rogab neam, ┐ talam, Todd Nenn. 126.9 ; lxx 11 . admits of, allows : ni gabait etir na lestair lána a tórmach , PH 5480 . Ni gaband sí a cumdach le h-or no le h-airget, BCC § 52 (of a stone). beac ma gabann leighes quasi non recipit curationem, O'Gr. Cat. 205.21. Cf. dá ngébha an focal chuigi if the word will allow of it, IGT Introd. § 3 . ní ghéabhainn dol go clannaibh séaghainn Saxon I would not consent (?) to go, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 5 . ná gabh toirmeasg `admit no hindrance,' TD 2.3 . Ní gaib cen (acht) will take only, insists on : ní ragaib cen chuit cána, LL 376a35 . nī gēb cen sē curu, TBC-I¹ 2274 ; 2260 . na geb-si cen cath insist on a battle, MR 42.19 . adubhairt nach gebhadh gan meisi dḟaghail mar mhnaoi, Ériu v 182.360 ; 209.21 (v.l.). adubairt nac hgébadh gan éraic d'fagáil, BNnÉ 89.9 . Nír gap uaidip gan bangcēd, Fl. Earls 68.25 . ní ghéabhaidh ód ghruaidh gan bheith feithmheach ..., TD 19.6 . ni ragab acht a anmnigud o anmaim (of Lifea and Mag Life), LL 159a31 . ni ro-gabsat uada acht a bréthir do comallad friu, PH 908 . nir gabhsat uadha gan a athchur, BNnÉ 236.31 . ni rogab acht oentech do denam imme, Anecd. i 9.11 . Also ní gaib co : nī rogaib A. co tarta rātha ┐ gremand fris `A. did not rest satisfied till securities and bonds were given to him,' Cáin Ad. § 22 ; § 26 . supports, upholds (?) glossed congbann : in tí na gaibh rechtge, ni tuilledh rechtge dó .i. in tí na congbhann in díretad, O'D. 712 ( H 3.17, c. 520 ). concerns, affects : comaithces ... is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech, Laws iv 68.4 . In some cases nearly = fo-gaib : ni gaib airechas it does not get leadership, Wb. 3d8 . canas a ngabar índ aile dec `whence is the twelfth derived ?' Laws iv 198.1 Comm. 16.11 Comm. rogab lige n-úar i n-úir, Metr. Dinds. ii 36.4 .

(b) With pers. obj. receives, admits : manumgaibi ar charit (= Si ergo habes me socium), Wb. 32a16 . na gaph tescariut mar caruid, Ériu v 126.8 . rogabad som hirige, Ml. 14a4 . conadragaib ina munteras, IT i 74.5 . arroeta[t]ar (.i. ro gabadar) he co fáilti, ACL iii 30 § 81 . ro gabadh go honórach hé ón rígh, RC xxv 388.6 . sí ar feadh na gorta níor gheabh `throughout the famine he disowned her' (i.e. would not have her), TD 15.31 . g.¤ nech i n- takes, receives as (in the quality of) : gebtit iudei i n-apid `Judaei will receive him as lord,' Wb. 26a8 . Cf. gabsi cadessin abbaith, Thes. ii 242.21 . co ro-n-gabthar i n-ar mbraithrib do Christ, PH 7883 . do gab se 'na la ciunaiss dó fén é `he took it for a day of rest,' BCC 408.12 . A somewhat different idea with ar : gebidh in aimsir frecnairc arna huilib aimseraib he takes the present time for all times, Auraic. 84.

(c) takes by force, captures . duairci bas dun chach ṅgaibde whom they seize, Ml. 76a16 . condagaibtis intais amprom trianintleda that the wicked used to seize them through their snares, 31c6 . damsa bed gabthi (gl. nihil defuit ad capiendum me), 76d4 . fer gaibes fer beogabail, Laws iv 336.8 . Na mna ... rogabad la Creon rofhosclad dibh la Teis, TTebe 4907 . romgab in críne m'imlúad old-age has deprived me of my power of motion, Ériu iv 154.15 . co[r] gabatar tech fuirre they stormed the house in which she was, RC xv 323 ( Dinds. 23 ). Ro gabhadh an droichet forra, AFM vi 1992.5 . gébtáit ar tír frind, TBC-I¹ 172 . gabsit tír and ar chlaideb, ZCP viii 313.21 . gabsat tír im Themair Breg, Hail Brigit § 18 ( LL 50a10 ). For g.¤ láim expels, g.¤ láim for enjoins, see lám and s.v. gabál. Fig. dede huangaibter in descipuil oc eitsecht inna preceptorae `... whereby disciples are taken,' Ml. 122c2 . A Eua, cid arnotgeib ? (= ar-ṅdot-geib ?) what is the matter with thee ?, SR. 1693 . g.¤ buaid wins a victory: ní ba unus gebas a m-buáid, Wb. 11a6 . isóinfer gaibes buáid diib, 11a4 . gabsat búaid, Fél. Jan 28 ; July 6 .

(d) More rarely holds, maintains (against an enemy, etc.): ro gabsat co setrech ... in tech commatain, TFerbe 339 . Cf. ré fer ná ré mnái ... ní gabtar in t-aracul the little house is never closed against man or woman, SG 245.8 .

(e) affects, takes hold of (lit. seizes, possesses) of a mental condition or the like; more commonly affects injuriously (of disease, danger or other evil influence); esp. bewitches, paralyses: nachinrogba derchoíniud, Wb. 15d40 . nachas-ragbad torsi díachessadsom, RC iv 246 § 3 . gabaidh toirrsi mor M.E., Ériu v 72.13 . rom gab trist, TBC(C) 1058 . conidrogbad huall, Ml. 39d22 . nísgaibed tart nā līae, Hy. ii 29 . conidgaib codlad de, TBC-I¹ 371 . do gob ita iarsin iad 'thirst seized them', ITS xxxix 38 § 233 . ro gobustair ferg mor he 'great wrath seized him', ITS xxxix 38 § 233 . romgab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . gabsai format, ZCP xi 108.2 . ní-dom-geibend ecal, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.18 . ma rangba crith, Ériu vii 168.30 . rongab failte, BB 493b30 . do gab gengairi ... é, BCC § 98 . in corrmíl bá in sengán nom-gaib isin crecht `that nips me in the wound,' BDD 162 . ni-mragba nathir, Misc. Hib. 20.1 . nin geib rind, TBC-LL¹ 3209 . nachumgabat gái, KMMisc. 256 § 28 . ní geibhtis renna ... he, RC xliii 46 § 45 . Ni báid usce he ... ┐ ni geba iarn, PH 7278 . ni gabad arm é, Ériu iii 166.36 . ros gabsat idain Moncha, CMMucr. 50 § 42 . re siu ro gobad galar `before disease took hold on him,' Ir. Review 1912.250 . RC iii 177.7 . gabais buidre a cluasa 'deafness seized their ears', Blathm. 96 § 21 . nis ragaibh lugha dighe thirst did not oppress them, AFM i 382.7 . Ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, co ro gabait a chossa ocus a láma so that his legs and arms were stricken, SCC 48 ( LU 4028 ). Cf. do gabhadh a chosae ┐ a lamha fair, ZCP x 14.4 . Lism. L. 3043 . rogabtha a cossae cona dernae figild, Mon. Tall. § 34 . gabtar cassa na n-each (i.e. by the power of St. Molasius), SG 26.19 .

(f) puts, applies: gabais iarom a mér ina bēolu, RC xxv 344.z . geibh ind uisqui put it in water, Lism. L. 2676 . gabhais minn ... fa a cheann, CF 903 . in t-aire rogabsabair foraib, ZCP viii 318.25 . ro-gabsat étach corcorda imme, PH 3295 . rogobad ola ... da churp oil was applied to his body, TTebe 2560 . geibid na claidhmi dar a n-aigthib doip `slash the swords over their faces,' CCath. 5163 . conid hé gebes claideb dó, RC xxi 386.14 . gabais tabaill dōib, TBC-I¹ 1100 . gaibthi dō he plies it on him, 1735 . `gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó,' PH 2330 . RC xliii 28 § 25 . ord don Chrumm rogab he plied a sledge hammer on C., Metr. Dinds. iv 22.9 . geibidh otrach ... ┐ clocha dó, BNnÉ 34.14 . Idiom: Ní raghatt ... ar nach gabat in sluagh imchumhang an toighi form `lest the army pen me in the house,' BS § 55 ( BS² 1660 ).

(g) puts on, assumes: gaibid mod ṅargumint it takes the form of an argument, Ml. 64c12 . Ca delb rogabais ?, Ériu iv 104 § 53a . rogabsi delb fhir do Grecaib fuirri she assumed the form of a Greek, TTebe 3449 . Ar ghabhabhair do ghné an chróigh the ruddy hue you had assumed, IGT Decl. ex. 318 . g.¤ caille puts on the veil (i.e. becomes a nun): gabais caille la Patricc Lassar, Thes. ii 238.16 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). g.¤ arm (gasced) assumes warrior status: romoch lind ra gabais armu, TBC-LL¹ 1163 . `in gaisced gebis (gebes LU) in gilla ?', TBC-I¹ 562 . g.¤ colaind takes flesh: ro-gabais colaind ndoenda, PH 164 . g.¤ étach, etc. (usu. with imm and refl. pron.) puts on clothes: gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 . lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 . dond fíanerred ... rogabastár-som immi, TBC-I¹ 1870 . 2038 . gab etach ... pendaite umat, PH 452 . gabhuis a éideadh aithfrinn, Irish Texts i 38.18 . do ghabh fa na ghealghlacuibh á lamhanna, Rel. Celt. ii 262.25 . Fig. na daoine ghabhas orra grádh do bhriathar-sa do bheith aca `such as appear to reverence ... thy word,' Carswell 61.

(h) g.¤ cuan, port, etc., gains, reaches (a destination): gur ghabhsad cuan they put into port, Keat. i 142.51 . ro gabhsat caladh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 224 § 150 . gabuis port curuch C.C., Mon. Tall. § 66 . in tan ro gabsat na curaig tír, LU 6922.

(i) g.¤ dúnad, longport fixes, pitches (a camp): gabthe dunad les fris, Ml. 55c1 . co ro gab longphort oc Muaid, RC xxiv 178 § 6.

(j) chooses, assigns, fixes (a day, meeting, etc.): Do ghabh sé tráth rer teibi he has assigned a time for our destruction, IGT Decl. ex. 160 . gabsat la catha, BNnÉ 10.7 . do gabhsad ... lā cuinne, Duan. F. i 13.23 . do gabatar lá a cend mís do fhregra chatha da cheile, L. Chl. S. § 12 . rogabadh coinne, Expugn. Hib. § 76.

(k) takes up, sets about, begins (an employment or occupation), usu. with vn.: gabais eigsi corbo sui, ZCP xiv 154.11 . Nás rogaibi gním cen gáis, Metr. Dinds. iii 48.13 . Ó rogabsat ... tochmarc Túaige, iv 58.17 . is é cles do ro ghabh an ingen ... dona hógaibh, RC xxix 110 § 4 . gabais cluche arísi, LU 1715 . gabaid ... imbirt a dornn foraib, TBC-I¹ 431 . gaibig (gabaid , LU) immān līathrōide riam darin nārmaig, 455 . rogab formalad na sin (sic leg.) began to extol the weather (Four Old Irish Songs), Rawl. 107a3 ; ni ragab si labrath cid acht, Irish Texts i 2 § 3 ; 14 § 42 . dianragabsa dībrugud isin tailm, 1054 . gebid cách díb ... leod ┐ letrad, TFerbe 728 . ro gab ... scaindred ... int ṡluáig, 732 . geibid glanad na hadba, Metr. Dinds. iii 246.61 . Cid imma ngabthar trebad ?, ZCP viii 112.17 . rogab torad tercugad, rogab talam olcugadh, ZCP vii 309.9 . do ghabadar na díbfergaig teichedh, SG 10.11 . o ro gabhus fogail, Moling § 16 . gabur aile do denam the fence is begun, Laws iv 70.24 gl. With infixed pron. anticipating the object of the vn.: romgab mo thēdi toghaois my wantonness has commenced to beguile me, Ériu ii 16 § 5 . Is labar tonn mara mair. rusgab in gaim comgabáil winter has begun to arouse it, Otia i 125 . Rosngap an mpachlach griseth the churl began to upbraid them, ITS ii 124 § 98 . (Cf. atároí astód he fails to stop them, LU 6793. ) Also gaibid for gaibid oc and gaibid fri, qq.v.

(l) conceives (a passion or emotion) the mental state being the obj. of the vb., a later construction than (e): gabaid feirg Cathal, MacCongl. 51.27 . geibhis aitricche ndiochra inn, BNnÉ 323 § 35 . rogab ét ingen R., Metr. Dinds. iii 94.13 . dogob nairi an ingen, iv 12.13 . gor gabh risin Fhein format, ZCP xi 43 § 44 . na gabh ... crith re gríoghail, ML 100.20 . an ní fá ngabhaim gúasacht, Studies 1921, 419 § 10 . co ngebtais ... ecla reimi, TTebe 2390 . ro gabustar-som uaill ... de-sin, RC xliii 14 § 7.

(m) thinks, infers . Sometimes with oc and refl. pron.: rogab a menma-sum robad budi la Grécu, LL 231b18 ( TTr. 1057 ). rogab a menma conad e Ænias in fer, Aen. 1591 . ni gebad delb eli dib acht `... would form no other conception of them but,' CCath. 782 . conid assin rogabad a tichtain a nelaip ciach, RC xii 58.9 . nī asa ṅ-gabtha, anything from which might be inferred, Rawl. 75a49 . ar mírbuil dino as gabtha do churp in Choimded dul isin tegdais foriatta, LB. 195a42 . Very frequent in Laws Comm. in this sense, e.g. Is ass gabar sin it is from this that that is deduced, Laws passim . na gebed ... nech aicce co mbad ... (= nemo putet ...), PH 6144 . na ragbam accaind ar dhíles na hindmusa do-ratait dúin (= ea non debemus retinere privata ...), 6123 .

(m 2) takes down from dictation; edits (?): Nicol hua hIceadha do gabh a nGaeidilg, NLI G2 248 . Ua Dubthaig do gab ┐ do scríb, NLI G5 f. 5v . See Angus Matheson Essays 88-89 .

(n) conceives (offspring). Common in later Church language. sul ar ghab sí C. ina broinn, SG 1.9 . Géabhair mac ón Athair, A. Ó Dálaigh i 7 . do bhrigh nach gabhthar ón Spiorad Naomh acht Mac Dé, Eochairsg. 120.5 . do gabhadh ón Sbiorad naomh, Ó Héodhusa 7. With object unexpressed: Gabhais an ógh ón Athair, A. Ó Dálaigh i 1 .

(o) g.¤ for, with refl. pron., takes (a burden, responsibility on one's self), undertakes . geibid foraib faisam in meic, TBC-LL¹ 934 . geib-siu ḟort na ticfa d'ḟortacht ... fer n-hErend, 4668 . gabaim-si immorro form ōn Coimdhe co nā ba lugaite di (= do) rath, ACL iii 309.14 . gabhuid sin ortha fein they undertake to do that, BNnÉ 159 § 16 . gabait forro ferta ... nach fétat do dénam dóib, FA § 28 . gabh ort mo choimhéad, Dán Dé iii 19.

(p) g.¤ co, with refl. pron., takes to oneself, receives, cf. TSh. Glossary. Leg. assumes (?): gabaimse cugam a breitheamnaibh nach tarrus aos láime, O'D. 1700 ( H 2.12, No. 8, p. 1 ).

(q) takes a path, etc., traverses, reaches: Is mair[g] mairg ... gabus in athgairit-si dochumm n-iffirn, PH 7608 . conar inna aithrige dia mbeth nech nodagabad, Ériu i 200 § 24 . rogabhsat an clochán astech, v 94.2 . an t-eolass comcoitchenn gabus cach docum an oilen, BCC 234.23 . gabhait in fhairrgi, Fl. Earls 8.19 . With neut. aff. pron. as cognate obj.: gaibte (.i. teit) Moling, Fél. 152.13 . gaibt[h]i sīar she goes west, ACL iii 1.15 . gaibthi inund, Ériu ii 24.7 . gaibhthe ... docum na meithle, Lism. L. xii 2.

(r) provides for, holds, celebrates (a festival): is de sin no geibed Flidais cach sechtmad láa di feraib Herend do bóthorud dia thoscid ocon Táin, LU 1631 . Conchobar ... fessin no gaibed in samuin dóib, Ériu iv 26 § 14 ( LL 106b30 ). a menain si con-gabaind an Chaisc dōib, Irish Texts i 7 § 23 .

(s) becomes, suits (late): is olc ghabhus tú h'atán `badly doth thy hat become thee,' TD 38.48 .

(t) ? legal phrase: is mor nodcuri ┐ nodgabai fein id dhalaib `greatly dost thou put thyself and take thyself (?) in thy causes,' IT iii 201.1 .

II Intrans.

(a) goes, proceeds, extends: gaibid in rí condeissid forsin cholcaid, SG 414.7 ( LL 279b10 ). gebid ... sair, RC vii 300.1 . car ghabh an crodh ?, xxiii 10.6 . rogab remi ar ammus mara, TTr.² 146 . ar fágcbail tslebi San C. ... gebair ... co mainister manach, Maund. § 49 . cualli iairn isin brutt ... co n-geib on gualaind go araile dó so that it extends, TBC-LL¹ 5387 . gaibid ind ōcben chucu draws near, RC xiii 375.18 . cor' gabh in clais sin ó imell an longphuirt co caladh in mara sís, CCath. 1740 . gabhaidh iar sin anfadh for an ath a tempest passes over the ford, RC xliii 86 § 87 . gabh go dún Í Dhonnchadha, Gofraidh Fionn i i 15 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). An ruibēr gabus go Louāine, Fl. Earls 64.15 . doirsi tré ngabhann an Críostaidhe, Ó Héodhusa 14. With imm surrounds: coro gabsat immut uli `es hatten dich umgeben alle,' TFerbe 47 6. Fig. dogabsat ara coradaib `they turned to their sureties,' Ériu v 116.47 .

(b) settles, lands, takes up one's abode (esp. of the founder of a religious community): co ragbaiset hi trácht Fuirbthi they landed on F. strand, LU 6921 ( BDD 53 ). co ro gabsat i mBrēntrācht, ITS xliv 12 § 379 = gabsat Brentracht, LL 1466 . gur' gab isin bruach eli, CCath. 2616 . anadh ait a ngabadh fom mo c[h]urach, Anecd. i 72.203 . ara ṅgabtais i purt Semeonta, LL 219b46 ( TTr. 200 ). gabsat ... hic Temuir, ZCP viii 305.25 . mad beich rogabat and `if it be bees that have taken up their abode there,' Laws iv 168.27 . sruth. ... ro gab for brú amnis (of an anchorite), Fél. 42.36 . is é gebhus i rRind Ruis B. `it is he who will found a community at R.,' RC xxvii 274.4 . Asi sin aimsir roghabhasdair F. ... a Sliabh Ealpa, Hy Fiach. 18.7 . a ndíochur as in maighin i raghbhaiset (of troops encamped), AFM iv 902.26 . gabsat ann-sin co mucha lai ara barach, RC xliii 62 § 63.

(c) holds out, remains: ro gab ina chind co maeth-tráth éirgi arnabarach (`behauptete [das Haus],' Wind.), TFerbe 393 . gabus C. ina righi ... cu tainic in bodhith, RC xliii 12 § 5.

(d) Grammat. t. is declined: ionann ghabhuid (i.e. fine, aicme, etc.) d'úathadh ┐ d'iollradh, IGT 37 n. 6 . A fig. use of (a) ? Cf. Clann Charthaigh 's gach gné i ngabhoid `each of its species,' TD 32.15 .

(e) holds sway, reigns: dia éis ro gab C., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 48 . ro gab ós Mide, 82 § 6 . na ríg rogabsat ō Chimbaeth co C., ZCP viii 326.17 . espoc S. .i. cetna comharba roghabh iar Finnén, Lism. L. 2633 . gebaid mac in duinn nadeig, Fen. 150.16 . BNnÉ 254.10 .

(f) takes hold, takes effect: as tene gabus gu grod `a spark that kindles quickly,' Ériu iv 212.11 dinin disail for gair gabhaidh takes effect on a short [syllable], Auraic. 1547.

III Perfect forms with neut. inf. pron. (ron[d] gabus, ron[d] gab, ron[d] gabsat) are used in O.I. and survive in Mid. I. as periphrases of the pres. ind. of subst. vb. in nasalising relative sentences, esp. after `amal' or its equivalent. In origin an idiomatic use of I (a), i.e. `I have taken it,' GOI § 781. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 436 . Phil. Soc. Trans. 1899, p. 12 . nobiad chách amal rongabusa as I am, Wb. 9d25 . ceín rongabus i carcair as long as I am in prison, 23b18 . ni fitetar amal rongab they know Him not as He is, 27a11 . [ita] rongab scientia lib as there is s. with you, 6d12 . rongab remcaissiu Daé dinaib dulib, Ml. 20c3 . fobíth rongab torsum ┐ tortum, Sg. 172b1 . amal rongabsat in túisil olchenæ hi tuiter, 71a11 . co ceoluib ┐ ligbothaib amal rongab fo[r]na seacht ndealba ind richid, Ériu ii 106.14 . anruth ... ni nascar fair, amail ro gab rig Erenn, Laws iv 358.19 ; 334.6 . atat araile pectha ... sicut rongabsat fingala, RC xv 488.5 . is maith rongabus fritt I am good to thee, LL 249b1 . is si in derbhfine amuil ro gab bruinne in duine, O'D. 548 ( H 3.17, c.436 ). mar ro gab mét a sochraiti because of the number of their host, Cog. 66.23 . Cf. amail ro gaba (pres. subj.) as it may be, as for instance , O'Curry 2298 ( Eg. 88, f. 22 [23c] ).

IV sings, chants, recites; declares (cf. similar use of canaid). Oc cormaim gaibtir dúana, Thes. ii 295.16 . nosgaibtis for clais they used to sing them in choir, Ml. 2b7 . tre ailli gaibther re proinn, Wb. 28c20 . gabis ailli (gl. benedixit), Thes. i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ). gabais doib inna rundu sa sis, LU 3307 ( SCC § 11 ). gébdait mecc beca na runda sin, MacCongl. 17.16 . ro gab ceol, Fél. Nov. 27 ; Ep. 114 ; 173 . dogabsat gloria glan aingil, ZCP viii 114.7 . Aedh ... do ghabadh moran dana, AU iii 196.21 . is de gaibthi igitur it is of this that he says `igitur,' Sg. 26b7 . dorumenatar combad fou nogabthe isint faithsini (sic leg.) they thought it was uttered in prophecy, Ml. 35b18 . gaibthir tra déde isin testiminse two things then are treated of in this text, Wb. 16d7 . gabar in pater i sanais, PH 7995 . in tan gaibther ecnaircc neich, Rule of Tallaght § 21 . In leigenn gabur co hard, Ériu v 22.9 . geib t'aiccept, a mic `repeat thy lesson,' Fél. 12.19 . cidbe gabus sin for nim no liun ní bia irchoit de (of an incantation), Laws i 2.22 Comm. `Rogaub an rand sa dam dia gabāil doid-se.' `Gab!' ol sé, ACL iii 1.16 .

V Further uses with preps.

(a) g.¤ ar

(1) holds back, restrains . connā gebethar ar lúamairecht lám dó, TBC-I¹ 1872 = TBC-LL¹ 2528 . na maidid in t-echt, noco ngaba fo thrí ar a anáil until he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . neach nach gabhann ar a ghuth, Ir. Monthly 1927, 308.3 . ar mh'osnaidh an uair ghabhuim, Ir. Monthly 1927, 361.41 . gabail ar a fual, Mon. Tall. 147.21 . gabam ar ferge (ḟergaib MS) fīrbruth, ACL iii 321.5 . aithchim ... gabháil díbh ar bhar ngáiribh ... restrain your laughter, Content. xvi § 88 . distrains: gaibter ar a fine comfocus do, co nimcuimet aire, O'D. 2180 (cf. Laws iv 128.5 ). g.¤ for = g.¤ ar: ni raigebthar fort you will not be stopped (i.e. from giving largess), LL 277b6 . dia ṅgabad forsin rúin if he tried to hold in the secret, Ériu iv 32.2 . dia roghabhduis inniu fora n-ítaidh ..., Lism. L. 4404 . Cid forsna geib glas na slabrad ?, ZCP xiii 274.3 . nach gebhtha forra tocht an conair, Hugh Roe 36.20 (10a) .

(b) g.¤ de hinders, holds back: nī gēbasa (gebsa LU) dīt ēm I shall not stand in your way, TBC-I¹ 1588 . ní gebam dít trí ḟornert, TFerbe 83 2. mani gabtáis na mórchoicthi díib, TTr.² 1092 . ma dethbir gabus de if necessity prevent him, Laws ii 58.16 Comm. mine gabad naire dim, Aen. 680 . Also with direct obj.: ní boi ní nogabad díbsom tabart fochaide foir, Ml. 33a5 . Nicongebsa ón dítsu ón cid cossin n-echaire théisi I shall not hold you back, TBFr. 314 ( LL 251a40 ). nī gabt[h]ar dím dul cech conair, ZCP iii 33.18 .

(c) g.¤ do:

(1) sets about, undertakes: do gab dá admolad, SG 309.5 . rogabh A. ... do comrag la F., ZCP xiii 174.33 .

(2) attacks, `goes for': dobeir cesti do chách et ni maith less cia gabthar do, Wb. 29b5 . rogabsat dó ar gach taeb, ZCP vi 79.26 . gabar doib co taethsat ann let them be pressed, MR 128.1 . ra gabhadh dhóib ... do chlochaibh, TFrag. 146.15 . ib. 186.7 . mad gabtha gāi dūaine dō, Bruchst. no. 28 .

(3) covers, fits: con-gebethar dóib o thaul co aurdorn (of mail-clad horses), TBC-LL¹ 2544 . con-gabad do o thana thaib co tiug a oxaille, 2561 . clíabinar ... co ngebethar dó co barrúachtar a dondfúathroci, LU 6557 . go ngabhadh dhó ó fhosadh-mhullach a chinn go a cholpa, ML 112.

(d) g.¤ fa attacks, charges at: ro ghabh fotha amhail faol fo chaorchabh, TFrag. 166.8 . ra ghabhsat ... fo na Loclannaibh, 174.13 . ? gébthir fo mac n-imraichni, Imr. Brain 27 § 57 (see EIL 217 ).​

(e) g.¤ for

(1) assails; attacks: ar gebaid in scol for aréli `one school will attack another,' Wb. 8a7 . gabsait do lorcuibh ... forro, Marco P. § 148 . gebtait forn, Rawl. 132a53 ( Cymmr. xiv 114.13 ). ra gabastar de chlochaib ... bar feraib hE., TBC-LL¹ 4618 . (ar = for) roglac bata ... ┐ rogab orra, ZCP vi 57.26 . Keat. iii 1430 . gabhaidh dá earball air, TSh. 2608.

(2) begins, sets about: gabsat for ól ┐ for aibnius, TBC-LL¹ 999 . ro-gab for toirsi moir, PH 3025 . doghabh for tairchetul, Lism. L. 929 . Marco P. § 114 . (ar= for) rogab ... ar buain in ghuirt, Ériu v 116.2 .

(3) overtakes: gabaid adaig forra, BColm. 78.1 .

(4) outshines, beats, defeats: rogab do chlú for a chlú, LL 50a31 ( Hail Brigit § 25 ). gebthar oirb a dtir nEireand you will be defeated, MR 62.20 .

(5) includes, comprehends: cia hænfocul gebes forna ceit[h]ri ernaili ind Auraicepta, Auraic. 1260.

(6) rules over: gebaid do ṡil ar Erinn, YBL 329a12 ( TMoméra 152.9 ). gēbaid for Liphemaigh, B. in Scáil § 31 . gabhaiss foraibh finnuibh coruibh, ZCP viii 197.6 . gabais for dōine domnaib, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 5 . mór ríg ro gab for Mide, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 2.

(f) g.¤ fri:

(1) holds out against, prevails over: ni gebat frib ... i cathaib, SR 4835 . ni gébat frit' gnuis ṅgargdai (sic leg.) buidni borba barbardai, 5015 . ni gébad fri feta in serriti óc amulchach sain, TBC-LL¹ 1961 . ni ragbad riss no resistance was made to him, TFerbe 322 ( LL 255b27 ). nícon gébtar cath no comlonn frit, RC vi 183.10 . xviii 181.z (Tig.). gebaidh side fri dam (of a fence) `it will be a defence against oxen,' Laws iv 112.6 . claideb ... frisna gabtís lúirecha, TTr.² 1000 . ni gabtha friu ar a n-aicenta (of women) they should not be impugned (?) for their natures, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20 § 11 . gabhaid sealad fri ḟeoil ... ar crabhudh they abstain from meat, TFrag. 124.10 . an tan no-gabdais caingni fer nErenn fris when the affairs of the men of Ireland were too much for (i.e. harrassed) him, ZCP xiii 262.15 . nocho ragaib Find ra ech `F. did not rein in his horse,' RC vii 294.87 . do chogainn crann a chraois[i]dhe (sic leg.) ... go a hionnsma, ionnas gur ab é a cró cruaid ... do ghabhastair re a gheal-dhéadaibh that offered resistance to his teeth, ML 62.19 . nochor béo-sa īarum oc gabāil fris nī bas sīriu, RC xiii 383.8 .

(2) warns, threatens (?): rogebad frind dia caithmis co fuidbemis bas ( LB 110b51 ), MacCarthy 52.15 .

(3) receives, welcomes (?): ro ghabh O Ferghail fris, ┐ do rad ferann dia cethraibh, AFM iv 1018.17 .

(4) commences: gabais fri grisad Cuind, LU 3169.

(g) g.¤ imm

(1) withholds, hides, conceals, refuses, refrains from: is annssa do dāinib gabāil im rūnaib rodochtaibh, Otia iii 49 § 9 . ba galar ... don gillu gabāil im a rūn, 48 § 5 . mian mna torrcha ... ocus ar daigin secdachta ro gabadh im in mbiadh, Laws i 180.6 Comm. ma ro chuindigh sí in biadh, ocus ... is e a fer ro gob im in mbiad, iii 550.14 ; 552.4 . doni eisinnroic don airchindech, mas e gabus uime, v 120.15 . duine do fédfadh maith do dénum ocus gabus uime gan a dénum, SG 40.33 . táinic in fer ros-buail (sc. in liathróit) ina diaidh. Rogab in cerd uimpi, the craftsman refused [to surrender] it, ZCP iv 240.10 . mad ro gabustar gataide im in fiadnaise if the thief withheld evidence, O'Curry 536 ( H 3.18, 265b ).

(2) Leg. distrains (in the matter of) : gaibead imme co n-ímcua `let him be distrained until he fences,' iv 128.4 = gaibet aire, O'D. 2180 ( Rawl. B 487, 66a2 ).

(3) Leg. makes good, compensates, condones (?) : o gebus iman fogail sin, Laws iv 16.13 Comm. foghal no fuaibread duine do denam, o bus cara no coibdeileach do no gebad uimpe, conad ínann do ocus no gabad budein ímpe, 16.18 Comm.

(4) adheres to (?) : mas tria comraiti rucustar ... in gu-breth (sic leg.) ocus ata ac gabail impi if he deliberately gave the false judgment and persists in it (?), Laws iii 304.8 .

(5) refl. dresses, arrays (oneself): lasse gabas immbi (gl. cum ... induerit), Wb. 13d22 . gabais Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 351 ( LL 251b27 ). geib imut is imthigeom, SG 363.28 . Ériu v 156 , 178 . corragbat impu that they may dress, iii 100 § 24 .

(h) g.¤ in assails, belabours : ni gebthar inniut ... rotbia falti, RC viii 52.16 . tallsat in slaitt as a láim cor gabsat ina chend di, PH 3299 . gabhuid do ṡnáthaduibh i súilibh Lionóideach, Hy Fiach. 336.11 . gur ghabhadar da ngaothaibh ann, Keat. iii 3255.

(i) g.¤ la

(1) accepts, sides with, stands by : co ragbatar fir Alban leō ar connalbus, Otia ii 88.1 . gabhaim-si ... let (in answer to an offer of marriage), ZCP vi 283.3 . gab lind mar bar bfilidh féin, ii 348.19 . gin go gabhthasa leam, x 286.9 . gabhaidh Dia leis tar a locht `God forgives him spite of his sins,' A. Ó Dálaigh l.3 . feadh mo ghalair níor ghabh leam Pádraig ... P. did not help me, Dán Dé xiii 5 . ro ghabh an tír ... la Tepoitt, AFM vi 2012.28 . mo rí Gabhra an ngéabhadh lam, TD 12.11 . do ghabh ré n-a dhearbhráthair mar mhac `adopted ... as a son,' Keat. ii 5008 . gabhuimsi lé Pádraig (i.e. instead of the Reformers), Mac Aingil 4333 . prouensi ... gabhus le rīg na Fraingce, Fl. Earls 12.13 . Cf. 190.24 (fri).

(j) g.¤ oc (1) sets about, begins : ro gab ic fostud ... in t-ṡlúaig, TBC-LL¹ 470 ; ib. 1494 . gabaid oc neméle moir, ┐ oc aithrige, PH 814 . gabaidh ... ac snechta, SG 35.8 . gabhmaoid ... ag iompódh a intinne `we attempt ... diverting his mind,' TD 8.27 . (2) sides with, stands by ; passing into sense is partial to, lets off : gab got c[h]omarsain mad fann, ZCP vi 272.3 . dlegar ... co ro-gaba ... ic na fannaib, PH 4157 . a Césair ... ro gabhsum acut, CCath. 541 . sellach slan ... gaibes oca cach nirt ocus cach folud an onlooker (at a deed of violence) is exempt if he comes to their support (i.e. of the injured parties) with all his strength and substance, Laws i 242.7 . gabuid ac lucht mo cille, BCC § 277 . a thigerna, gab agum forgive me, ZCP vi 94.30 . TSh. 3593 . nach gabhann an bás ag druing ar bioth dona daoinibh (i.e. does not pass over), TSh. 50 . gur geb (v.l. gab) gá gáeithib | fúair gach fer a dháeithin díbh till he spared (?) his darts, IGT Decl. ex. 644.

(k) g.¤ ós gains supremacy over : mórrí ... ro gab os Herind, LU 4041 . ro gab ós Mide mongréid, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 6.

VI Is used in combination with a number of nouns. See achmusán, áilges, aiss, athgabáil, cairdes (alliance), 1 cath, 1 cet, cíall, coinne, comairle, commairge, desimrecht, fáilte, flaithius, forbais, geis, gnáth, goim, 1 grád, 1 gráin, greimm, inad, lám, leithscél, maidm, merg (rust), nert (also trén, 1 treise), ríge, tech, 1 tír, tuinide.

galar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. galar or dil.ie/25293
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: galur, gallra, galara, cenngalar, diangalur

n o, n. later m. IGT Decl. § 17.14 .

(a) sickness, disease, physical pain : n s. galar n-eclis `gastric disease,' Wb. 29a26 . fogeir anggalar (= a ngalar) in uile corp the disease inflames, Camb. Hom. ( Thes. ii 246.1 ). g s. tórmach galir, Wb. 29a24 . do íc a galair, Ml. 23c9 . Laws v 296.15 . d s. iar na galar, Wb. 12b11 . galur, Laws v 260.3 . a s. slān cen neim cen galar, Hy. v 39 . Thes. ii 249.7 . g p. honaib coscaib inna ngalar, Ml. 111b26 . a p. ar galra, Thes. ii 359.6 . gallra, Laws v 352.19 . galara, SR 8377 . uchan do galur nomgeib, SCC 29 ( LU 3572 ). mac mna i ngalar, Laws v 198.6 , with gl. .i. serg, 200.21 . sláetan trommgalair, IT i 121.15 . galar a báis, RC xxv 398.13 . g.¤ bais a fatal illness, MS. Mat. 530.10 . galar a hega d'a gabail, AU ii 474.18 . AFM i 256.7 . i ngalor dofhulachtu, PH 8049 . galair ifirn the pains of hell, Aisl. Tond. 95.z . galar cuntabartach, O'D. 1691 ( H 5.15, 30 col. 2 ). fodera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 . Cf. galar .i. gnáthach ┐ aincis .i. ingnathach, O'Dav. 1049 . na galara no na tegmanna, Laws v 482.17 gl. g s. as attrib. sick, diseased : dond fir galir, Mon. Tall. § 65 . lubra galair, RC x 186.2 . torruma aesa galair, PH 6001 . In Laws freq. of diseases of animals : bo co ngalur, Laws v 260.3 . ainmide n-galair, ZCP iv 390.5 . buaile galair an infected booley, O'Curry 2341 - 2 ( Eg. 88, f. 26 (27)c ). g.¤ bunaid ... g.¤ tecmaisech (of cattle) organic disease ... a chance (or passing) ailment, O'D. 1691 ( H 5.15, 31a ). cessair-galar `a plague of hail,' RC ii 398.22 . cenngalar (gl. dolor capitis), Wb. 17d25 . canir ... im du chenn ar chenngalar (sic leg.), Thes. ii 249.1 . nach cend co cendgalar, Irish Texts i 10.25 . diangalur (gl. langor), Gild. Lor. 258 . g.¤ brec smallpox : teidm galair bric, AU ii 442.6 = AFM iii 536.9 . g.¤ bronn abdominal disease, SG 248.3 . ar in ngalar mbuidhe 'jaundice' Celtica ii 84 § 25 . Cf. bronn-g.¤ g.¤ dercc the red sickness, erysipelas (?) : romain ... ar in ng.¤ ndercc, Ériu iv 236 § 4 . g.¤ fuail urinary disease, Thes. ii 248.10 , 11 ; 250.13 . IT i 103.2 . AFM iv 1164.16 . g.¤ gluin[e] gl. scia[tica ?], ACL i 337.131 . galar gnáth 'a chronic illness', Giolla Brighde 42 § 9 . galar na lepta, Celtica ii 40 § 27 . g.¤ medóin intestinal disease : do galur medóin, SR 4158 . Cf. BB 241a52 . d'écc do galar medhóin, AFM iv 1254.5 . g.¤ míostai catamenia, Mon. Tall. § 14 . Ériu vii 150 passim. O'Curry 1828 (RIA, 23 Q 6, 47b ). galar na mban, Irish Texts v 66.1 . galar na n-ech disease in chest of horses: tic an siled sin on glondras uair ann ┐ uair ele o galur na n-ech … annsa cliab bis galar na n-ech, Celtica xvii 116 § 12 . do galar na n-ech, ┐ is amlaid bis mur galar na lepta ar dainib, ii 40 § 27 . g.¤ Póil epilepsy : epilinnsia .i. g.¤ Poil, O'Dav. 1508 . in g.¤ Poil .i. duine cuithigh, 1524 . g.¤ na ríg King's evil, scrofula : in duine ara mbi galur na righ, Irish Texts v 5 § 5 . g.¤ rígin (some kind of skin-disease in cattle) : boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb no galur righín, O'Dav. 291 . g.¤ na seilgi disease of the spleen, ACL i 337.139 . g.¤ na sliged some kind of seizure (?) : dá mbeith ar buile, nó i ngalar na sligheadh, i gcruth go gcuirfeadh cubhar tar a bheul, Eochairsg. 125.32 . g.¤ súla opthalmia, Ir. Gl. 281 . cia ra bhaoi C. i ngalar súla, TFrag. 118.2 . in galar súl, SG 248.4 . g.¤ tuitmech epilepsy , Maund. 55 , Celtica ii 75 § 21 , 81 § 10 . A sick person: rī cos' tuctha dā galar, | bodor ocus amlabar; | ... ro-das hīcc isind cenúair 'the King to whom two sick men were brought, one deaf and one dumb; ... he healed them immediately', SR (Greene) 7633 .​​

(b) In wider sense damage to inanimate objects : ised is g.¤ bunuidh d'aite óir nó airgit crechadh no loscadh, O'D. 705 ( H 3.17, c.516 ). dia mba é in g.¤ bunaidh nosbera is ioc na fiach, ib.

(c) mental suffering, distress, grief : amal as már a galar de, Ml. 40b9 . du thormuch galair to increase grief, 61c3 . i n-ælscud ┐ i ngalar mór, 56b26 . uch uch á De, is trom in galar beith i n-écmais inna fírcharat, Laud 460, 54a . ach interiecht galair, H 2.16, c. 90 . ba g.¤ leoside nach doib ... dorala, RC ii 388.13 . mór ṅgúr ṅg.¤ `much of sore grief,' Fél. Nov. 16 , Fél. Sep. 11 . co ngalur cride ┐ menman, PH 4987 . Marco P. 127 . ba g.¤ la hIunaind, Aen. 210 . Ériu viii 14.1 . ni chumgaim ni duit ... acht a g.¤ ocum namma I can do naught for thee save grieve for it, RC xxv 34.17 . cloimeadh (leg. cloidheam) galair na cuma ... do sgoilt ... mo chraidhi a sword of sorrow hath pierced my heart, Lib. Flav. ii 7ra32 . bá g.¤ menman lá hUa nDomhnaill ... Goill ... do thocht, AFM vi 1930.10 .

glífit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glífit or dil.ie/26092
Last Revised: 2013

n i, f. trouble, anguish, pain, calamity (?) ; contention (?) : co comraicet ... na pecdaig fri cétglífit (cetaidber, LB) ocus fri cétchesad na conaire, FA 15 . ronsoera ar gliphiti | [na] ṅdemna in-Iffurnn, SR 8363 . ic fulaṅg gábaid ┐ glífiti a galair, TTr. 752 ( LL 227a46 ). ba dubach ... don mórglifit donn-ánic .i. loscad na Trói, TTr.² 175 . tormach ... cecha péni ┐ cech todernama ┐ cech doccumla ┐ cech tromglífite fri aroli, PH 4341 . lucht cecha tédma ┐ cecha doccumla. ┐ cecha glifíte, 4474 . glifit mór il-lenmain T. de D. `Ca glifit sin ?' ar C. Tri meic rig Ulad ... atait ac fogail forro, Acall. 7074 . muna tísta ré morglifid mhoir, ITS v 20.12 . gairm glífite (: dínirte) a name expressive of affliction, Metr. Dinds. iii 186.36 . robhaoi gach cogadh ┐ gach glifit i Lochlainn, TFrag. 158.10 . tri fichit forcbarc fedair | glifitt im Morc mac Delidh `an outcry,' Leb. Gab.(i) i 110.8 . glifid .i. gair commotion (?), O'Cl. ? robod grifit (: fichit; MS. ghridfit) gléither 'it would be trouble that may be cleared up' Celtica xxv 23 § 7a .

i

Cite this: eDIL s.v. i or dil.ie/26891
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: isin, isint, isind, isind, sind, issa, is, sa, isteampull, ansan, isnaib, isnaib, isna, ands[n]a, annsna, issinn, isa, issa, is, isin, insa, ionnsa, sa, isna, annsa, istech, istig, immach, immaig, indium, innium, ionnam, iondam, indiut, inniut, iniud, ionnod, ionnat, inneat, and, ant, and, ann, annt, indi, hindae, indti, inde, inti, inte, ind, inn, inte, innte, indiunn, indiun-ni, annainn, indib, innibh, ionnaibh -se, indib, indeb, intib, innta, ionnta, annta, intiu, inntu, ionntadh, im, inna, inná, innar, inar, 'nar, i bar, hi far, in far, ina, inna, ana, ann, i, i, san, i, ann

nasalising prep., folld. by dat. and acc. Usually written i or í when eclipsis is shown : i nÍsu, Wb. 3b6 . i ngiun, 4d33 . í n-éutt, 6b2 . i nneurt, 6d11 . i ndegaid, 30b14 . i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . i ndia, 29d5 . i mbí, Tur. 9. i n-oénṡillaib, Sg. 120b2 . i llathiu, Thes. ii 319.2 ; but cf. hi n-iriss, Wb. 10b28 . hi rrecht, Ml. 54c2 . hi llaim, 96d6 . hi ndóiri, 125a9 . hi rriucht, Tur. 85. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . hi ndilsi, 28a4 . hi mbrethir ... hi ngním, Thes. ii 253.11 . hi nDruim, 260.21 . hi mbrot, 290.9 . When eclipsis is not shown, most freq. written hi or hí : hi noibad, Wb. 3b31 . hi rect, 3d14 . hí crist, 4d21 . hi far n-irnigdib, 7a12 . hí flid, 9b14 . hi tosuch, Ml. 2a6 . hí tintud, 2a15 . hi rogabad, 24d14 . hí libur, 16c10 . hi cairptib, 43d3 . hi far crichaib, 115b10 . hi fers, Sg. 6b23 . hi roṡoithe, 73a11 . hí frecndairc, 204a5 . hi rogénair, Thes. ii 291.11 ; but : í cach thír, Wb. 1a3 . i corpu, 2b5 . í rúnaib, 2b10 . i tuil dée, 5c20 . (no exx. available of this from Ml.). i persin n-aili, Sg. 189a8 . i fogur, 6b1 . í titul, PCr. 15a3 . i comus, Thes. ii 244.30 (Camb.). In Ml. and Tur., frequently written inn before vowels : inna diad, Ml. 17c6 . inn aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . inn echaib, 43d3 . innar neurt, 43d3 . inn ecin, Tur. 134. In Wb. freq. inn before proclitic beginning with vowel : innar leid, 4b11 . inna chridiu, 10b20 . inna corp `in their body', 11d11 . inn aláil, 12a10 . In Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. i n- is often written a n- : a n-inad, PH 203. a persainn, 7577 . a sendataid, 3977 . a ngaire, BNnÉ 168.10 . a bus, SG 135.6 . cáit ambí in fer sin, 135.36 . a mmedón, TBFr. 103.

With article :

(a) dat. sg. isin chrud sin, Wb. 8b10 . isint senmim, 13d18 . isind óin uáir, 25b16 . isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . sind ló, TBC-LL¹ 444. issa baile-seo, Acall. 3360. is tir, BNnÉ 301.15 . is' taig, ScM. § 6.12 . is tig, BDD² 525. is’ tilaig, ITS l 38.13 . is tulaig, LL ii 13336 . is dorus, i 7318 . is tṡenchoss, iii 21254 . is treairiut 'in the three periods' UR 114 § 24 . 'sa dorus, Feis Tighe Chonáin 75. isteampull 'in the temple', Stair Nic. 32.602. Cf. 28.524 (v.l.) . ansan ūair-sein, Ériu iv 178 § 31. pl. isnaib fochidib, Wb. 14b19 . isnaib innib, Ml. 28a7 . isnaib sechtaib, Críth G. 303. isna airigthib, TBC-LL¹ 3552. ands[n]a... dúilib, O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. annsna righaibh, CF 922.

(b) acc. sg. issinn aíar, Wb. 25b24 . isa n-indarbae, Ml. 23c8 . issa suthin, 21d4 . is' tech, ScM. § 15.2 . isa tech, TBFr. 124. isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. isin ngnimrad, BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . insa curach, Feis Tighe Chonáin 920. ionnsa bhfiadh, 1173 . 'sa mboin, Fianaig. 72.18 . pl. isna bithu, Wb. 4c4 . isna lucu, Ml. 23d23 .

Distinction between dat. and acc. lost : annsa chéill, TSh. 3219. annsa gcéill, 2532 . neimhsheadh do thabhairt san tsaoghal, 339 . nach raibhe seadh san saoghal aice, 1866 . The distinction remained however in istech, istig ; immach, immaig, qq.v.

With pron. suff. ; s. 1 indium, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 74d7 . innium, TBC-LL¹ 4382. ionnam, iondam, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1912 , 410 . s. 2 indiut, Ml. 106c15 . inniut, TBC-LL¹ 4350. iniud, TTebe 3673 . ionnod, TD 40 § 2. ionnat, DDána 2 § 11. inneat, 68 § 38 (: mbreac). s. 3 dat. m. + n. and, Wb. 1a5 . Ml. 45d15 . Sg. 3b5 . ant, Ml. 48c29 . and, Críth G. 100. ann, ML² 45. BDD² 91. annt, ZCP vii 481.29 (Enchir. Aug.). f. indi, Ml. 21c3 . Sg. 18a3 . Críth G. 105. BDD² 745. Laws iv 112.9 . hindae, BDD² 513. indti, 661 . inde, Laws iv 112.10 . inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. TBFr. 200. inte, BDD² 498. acc. m. + n. ind, Ml. 22b1 . Críth G. 93. BDD² 196. Laws iv 136.x Comm. inn, 250. 5 Comm. f. inte, Sg. 6a6 . Críth G. 219. innte, DDána 1 § 9. pl. 1 indiunn, Wb. 5d18 . indiun-ni, Ml. 44d3 . annainn, Luc. Fid. 225.x . pl. 2 indib, Wb. 14c18 . Ml. 122c3 . innibh, DDána 68 § 23. ionnaibh -se (: fionnsoillse), 122 § 12. pl. 3 dat. indib, Ml. 30c17 . Sg. 216b4 . BDD² 475. indeb, 1468 . intib, TBC-LL¹ 174. TBFr. 35. innta, ML² 75. ionnta, DDána 122 § 17. annta, Luc. Fid. 285.10 . acc. intiu, Ml. 21a8 . Sg. 7a10 . inntu (for dat.), Ériu iii 160.24 . ionntadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1065.

With poss. : s. 1 im hulcc-sa, Wb. 2a8 . im chuimriug, 30a5 . iom giolla, TBC-LL¹ 5662 (St.). am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . s. 2 it senmathir, Wb. 29d11 . id ḟlaith, BDD² 178. id chémanduib, ML² 1654. at rēimennuib, 1655 . ad ruire, 1450 . it olcaibh, Studies 1933, 310 § 27 . s. 3 m+n. inna suidiu, Wb. 13a12 . inna thechtu, 13a28 . inda sesam, Mon. Tall. 129.13 . inna chumbu, Críth G. 111. ina suide, ScM. § 10.10 . 'na adhbar rīg, ML² 30. f. inná loc, Sg. 17a5 . pl. 1 innar leid, Wb. 4b11 . inar n-óccaibh, BS 112.18 . 'nar mbél-ne, Ériu iv 118 § 37. ionur ttríar, RC xxix 112 § 7. pl. 2 i bar tolaib, Wb. 3b8 . hi far selbad-si, 8d26 . in far n-Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1636. i bar (v.ll. in for, in bur) ngnáis-si, Fél. Ep. 375. i nbhar láimh, DDána 100 § 5 ; but cf. 'nar lámhaibh `in manibus vestris', TSh. 8579. pl. 3 ina ndúm, TBFr. 244. inna mbrucc, BDD² 1282. ana n-usci, Maund. § 136.5 .

With rel. : before a rel. i n- is not folld. by the demonstrative particle a n- as is the case with the other prepp., but is folld. directly by the verb which it eclipses : i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . ind aimser hi rogabad, 24d14 . i mbí, Tur. 9. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . indat sláin, Ml. 76a6 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', Wb. 13a35 . intí i mbíi in spirut, 8b10 . arná torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech cáich, Críth G. 303. i mbí toirm cech thempuil, Fél. May 10. cairm indom-acca ?, ScM. § 11.5 . triasand láim a mbaí an scíath, BDD² 1511. i mbiat smachta ni biat caiche ; i mbiat caiche ni biat smachta `where the requisites commanded by law are observed there are no penalties ...,' Laws iv 70.3 . cā háit a bfuil an fear feasa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 811. In Mod. Ir. on the analogy of the other prepp. i n- came sometimes to be folld. by the demonstr. particle: tuar neith ina dtú tacha | bheith gan bhú ..., Dán Dé vii 3. cath ... inar' thuitetar sochaidhi, RC xvii 377.22 . an dara halt 'na gcuirthear i gcéill ..., TSh. p. 13. (cf. san áit i bhfuil do thriall, TSh. 7137 ). an ait ann ar hiomchuibhthe an urnaighthe do dheanamh in which it were fittest, Luc. Fid. 73.1 . In Mod. Ir. also, i n-+ro frequently appears as ar : a thruaill chriadh-sa ar cuireadh mé, Dán Dé xi 4. áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545. In the O. Ir. glosses the form of the prep. before ro was (h)i. Later in came to be used : irrufollnastar, Wb. 13b29 . hi roba, Ml. 62a13 . hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73a11 ; but : in ro lád, TBFr. 307. With neg. rel. : ainmnetach ret ... cride rig nime in nach dortai in doman ... i fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. in gach uile ní 'snach cuirthear lá `in quibus dies non ponitur', TSh. 5175. trí neithe ... is nach raibhe an Tighearna, 9859 .

Before cach, cech : in glosses (h)i, later somet. in : i cach réit, Wb. 20c11 . hi cach ceniul, Sg. 2a2 . in cech úair, Fél. Dec. 29. in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . in cech áis, PH 7115. in cach thrāth, Hail Brigit § 11. in gach errach, Fen. 286.x . in gach aon-duine, TSh. 2545. in gach en focal, BCC 436.29 . Occasionally is : is gach sochar, TSh. 798.

I Place .

A. Folld. in O.Ir. by dat.

1 Denoting place where (in both abstract and concrete meanings) :

(a) in : i mballaib caích `in everyone's members', Wb. 13d27 . attósa i sslabrid, 23a2 . i bar tolaib marbdib `in your mortal desires', 3b8 . Of an author's works : i nAmbaucu `in Habakkuk', 19b17 . amal donairchet hí fáithib et rofiugrad i rrect et amal asnindedar i ssoscélu, 13a36 . amal bid hi frecndairc no beth `as though he were present', Ml. 24c15 . i n-óen ṡosuth ṡillabe `in one position of a syllable', Sg. 7a3 . air thechtaid cach gutae a guth n-indi, 18a3 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana `every person has equal dīre with another in cāin regulation', BCrólige § 5 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 142.23 . dam ocus tinne in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . secht ndoruis isin bruidin, ib. 11 . bíann n-erbbad impu a mmedón, TBFr. 103. secht mílchoin i slabradaib argait, 33 . ar robōi Fergus fēin isin gliaid sin, ACL iii 5.7 . co facbath fuillecht ┐ eis (.i. lorg) a cos isin cloich, 10.12 . in raibhe i fāistine nó i ttaircetal accaibh ..., RC xxvii 294 § 58. nocho roibe dath nad beith inntib, xxiv 144.5 . uaitne dib i ndath snechta ┐ araile a ndath fhola, D IV 2, fo. 42c14 . adeir Auicenna go ndéntur céd comshuidigud na ndáine ands[n]a ceithri dúilib `that the primary composition of men is of the four elements', O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. go ndingnaid ... foslongport im chellaib `will besiege my churches', BCC 156.7 . a mac bec fein ina laim `leading her little boy by the hand,' Celt. Rev. viii 296.17 . Denoting the possession by anyone of certain qualities or characteristics : furrthain ó gCais san choghnach the chief is sufficient to succour the seed of Cas, IGT Decl. ex. 1125. ní ḟoil ionnod acht ionann `thou art exactly similar,' TD 40 § 2. ionnus gu mbiadh innta an righe do sdiurad `that they may know how to govern the kingdom,' Ériu v 132 § 67. ní raibhe ionnta acht buannadha do ríoghaibh Éireann `they were nothing more than ...,' Keat. ii 5079.

(b) among : a comgraidh isin tuaith `their equals in rank among the laity', BCrólige § 4 n. 3 . fuair a chrochad hi Parthib `met his crucifixion among the Parthians,' Ériu iii 196 § 12. easáonta ... na ndáoineadh ... ina bfuil sé `among whom he is,' v 92.9 .

(c) at, on, upon : hí flid Crist `at Christ's feast', Wb. 9b14 . huare is hi tilchaib ardaib no bitis, Ml. 14a9 . menme isind aurnaigti `mind fixed on prayer,' Mon. Tall. 151.19 . i mmulluch Usnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . Domhnall ... do bhualadh ... do chloidheamh i mbun ordóige, i 102 § 63 . dortad donnfala do shiltin as in aeer i cennaib na curad on to the warriors' heads, viii 26.15 . ro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait, ScM. § 19.7 . robenta corne ina cendaib `tonsures were shorn on their heads,' BColm. 26.6 . a mbun Cart[h]i na nGīall `at the foot of the pillar-stone ...', 72.20 . gelscíath co túagmílaib argait inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. gemel crūaid i (v.ll. ar, um) coiss a hard fetter on the foot, KMMisc. 270 § 43. i n-erblib ech at the tails of horses, Fen. 66.4 . súil i gcuid mo chomhursan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 5. o smuaintighib ... na mairtirech a crechtaib Crisd `thinking on the wounds', BCC 4.17 . ro baí ballán ... isan adart `on the pillow', Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 7 . i n-imiul in baile on the edge of the town, RC xxvii 292.10 . i mbruach alltorach in tsrotha, CCath. 459. atci buidin moir chuici isin drochat bui tarsin sruth, FDG 715. is file [i] gcois ma-raon ris ` on foot ,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5. an chroch ... do Chríosd ... 'gá chrochadh innte, Dán Dé xx 22. is aibind duit, a thuir, ... is aibinn in radarc fuil innud (to a tower), ZCP vi 26.31 . cuirid láimh i seizes : co nachar' lamh nech... lamh do chur ann durst lay hand upon him, RC xix 288 § 225. cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug ... as an mainistir amach é, Keat. iii 1948.

2 Denoting state or condition in which : hor bi accobur láe nebud dó i nnoidenacht `that he should not be in infancy', Wb. 24d11 . isind inducbáil sin `in that glory', 4c40 . i lláni etargni `in the fulness of knowledge,' 24c6 . ind fir bíis inna suidiu `who is sitting', 13a12 . bíid cach gnim inna thechtu `in its proper order', 13a28 . inna imned-sin i mbiam isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . in i comsuidigud fa hi comasndís bíit `in composition or in apposition', Sg. 217a1 . i bar ngnáis-si `in your company', Fél. Ep. 375. dol asa eol a richtaib con `to stray in wolf-shapes', BCrólige § 32 n. 13 . cach ['la] gabal i ssuidiu araile hi sesam `every [other] division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 . conna-ētai focul fort chenn i córai properly , ScM. § 14.7 . ataat inna mbrucc in a state of dejection, BDD² 1282. tusu ad c[h]ollad, ACL iii 234 § 6. minub ina duthracht bes if it be not with good will, Ériu v 20.y . is é timairg for cech eclais co raib a durrthech ┐ a relec hi nglaine `to have its oratory and its burial-ground purified', i 219 § 6 . fororbart a cland-side ... co mbatar i mmílib so that they were thousands, LL 649 . tainic ... i n-uaite ṡloig `with a small company', Fen. 144.y . do bhī in Pelagius sin ... a nāemthacht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, ZCP xiii 179.21 . batar a n-itaid ┐ i tart mor, RC xxiv 196.11 . bai sidhe hi cocadh fri Find, xiii 7.z . in duine nach biadh isnna dubhailchibh marbhthacha, Études Celt. i 78.15 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib `certain end of life' (taking place of the more usualgen.), Fianaig. 92.29 . a thabairt i rricht feola aili `in the guise of other flesh', TTebe 1861 . bu gairid bía ad bethaid risna cathaib, 1030 . ar bhfaicsin Críost i gcruth bháis, DDána 16 § 5. cor fhoscail C. C. a suile ... ┐ e 'sa mbas `and he dying', BCC 414.3 . gach mac ... | dá raibhe i n-aois an airdríogh, Studies 1934, 90 § 22 . 'san luas na ttreigfitt as quickly as , BNnÉ 148.25 .

With poss. before certain vnn. : comtha ... ad lenamain, Prolegomena 27 n. 2 . an tṡlat oile 'na adrad the other youth worshipping him, ZCP viii 563 § 28. ion bhur lenmhuin, ML² 331. as-bert fria ina sloindiud `as he named himself (?)', BDD² 47.

3 Denoting manner in which : by means of, through, by : direnar hi comdire ... fri grada ecalsa `is paid for by equal dīre with the church grades', BCrólige § 7. nad airnaidet a tir ina frithfoltaib coirib `who does not sustain his land by performing the proper corresponding duties', § 16. ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding by contracts', § 55. i mbommannaib arberad bith ind lítain a cuid uli `he used to consume all his portion of porridge in morsels', Mon. Tall. 135.9 . Cairbre ... do mharbhadh i bhfeill by treachery, Ériu i 101 § 55. forbhfáiltigter : an radhorc a ndath uaine, an t-eistecht a bhfoghor éttrom `gratification is afforded: to the sight, by the colour of green ; to the hearing, by a `light' sound', O'Gr. Cat. 277.27. rofersum failti friu ina n-anmannaib uadéin by their own names, D IV 2, fo. 45c5 .

4 Apposition.

A noun in apposition may be preceded by the prep. i n- (governing dat.) + poss. This was a development of the older use of the dat. without prep., e.g. is bés dúibsi far n-Ultaib, ScM. § 9.4 . ro bámarni .xu. feraib ┐ ar cúic súili déc desa do chaechad dó, BDD² 1130 and note. Hence with prep. : dúinni nar nUltaib, LU 4637. is bés dúibsi in far n-Ultaib, LL 112by . cid ma ta in mhorc[h]oinne seo acaibh in bhar nGeistedhaibh why have ye, Gesteda, ..., Ériu v 148.56 . dobudh nár dhúinn ionur ttríar Ulltach `to us three Ultonians', RC xxix 112 § 7. ní iomdha dhúnn i n-ar ndaoinibh `not many of us men ...', Dán Dé xii 1. do bhríogh gurab ennádúir amháin dhiadha gan roinn atá ionnta na ttriúr, Ó Héodhusa 25.5.

5 In predicates

(i) with subst. verb : itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra, ACL iii 239 § 34. 'na bidbuid no go mbí fear until a man is an enemy, Ériu iv 212 § 2. dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do gneithi ann ... is 'na chath no biadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.23 . do bī 'n-a adhbar rīg, ML² 30. Feidhlimid mac Toirdelbaig ... ina Húa Conchubuir `... was the Húa Conchobair', Maund. 6. tét sé a comlaidir sin ... co mbí sé 'na uiscci mhilis .xx. míle 'sa fairrcci móir (of the Danube), 7 . is dearbh go bhfuilim-se im dhuine shomharbhtha, TSh. 143.

(ii) with other verbs : tanic in mac i n-a aenur, RC v 199 § 6. doberad ingen prinnsa da muindtir fein dam ina mnái, Maund. 47. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha `I came a troubled ghost', TTebe 1899 . tarla ... an mac ... 'n-a dhalta foghluma ag Ciarán ar tí bheith 'n-a mhanach, Keat. iii 826.

6 After verbs of dividing, changing, putting, ending, etc. somet. folld. by dat. (but see infra B. 4) : trí traigid .x. a [a]ircha[e] ara rorandathar bés a thige indi, Críth G. 105. i nniarcomrucc ... forcenda ollbairdne, IT iii 11.2 . do-roinded a chorp i cethri blogaib, PH 1856. rocúmscaig i ndelbaib brechtnaib, 1740 . gur claechló an t-ór ina ghran ... eorna, BNnÉ 233.9 . timarcad i llige chro `after he has been forced into blood-lying', BCrólige § 1 n. 1 . aca cur hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar, ZCP xi 65.10 . do c[h]uiredur insna reachtuibh-si mē, Feis Tighe Chonáin 437. nár chuirthe seadh sna sealbhaibh saoghalta, TSh. 364.

7 Various abstract meanings.

in the matter of, in respect to, in regard to : adib éolig and `ye are knowing therein,' Wb. 26b12 . cosmili fri Adam ngnímaib et accobraib, 13d12 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', 13a35 . ar nebmóidem hi magistrib `our not boasting as to masters', 8d26 . i ndiad nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu over whom he takes precedence in swearing, Críth G. 42. annsom i n-otrus la Fēne `most difficult in regard to nursing', BCrólige § 15. brithem eola(i) i mbiadaib `a judge who is knowledgeable about refections', § 31. ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter', Mon. Tall. 151.13 . rosuidiged cutramas eneclainde ... isna bechaib `equal honor-price was fixed for the bees', Laws iv 200.8 Comm. i pendit ind áosae galrich `in the case of penance laid on sickly persons,' Mon. Tall. 146.27 . indat mebhair-siu ... isna airigthib gascid, TBC-LL¹ 3552. nīmda cuimcech-sa hi suidiu I am not capable of that, ZCP viii 310.11 . do agra Fechín isin saer `to expostulate with F. about the wright', RC xii 346 § 39. a n-abar ann dámadh fíor if what is said in this regard be true, Dán Dé xxvi 17. gurab eigin don liaigh éolus do bheith aige i naduir na heaslainte-si, 23 K 42, 186.3 .

according to : nach fer ... folongar i fenechus `who is being maintained according to native law', BCrólige § 22. rocoraidhid ... cách fo gradaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ a ndligemnus `everyone was seated according to rank, profession and lawful claim', Ériu v 234.35 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi according to the true nature of scripture and conscience, i 214.6 . adeir N. 'na ugdaras fēin on his own authority, ZCP xiii 181.20 .

instead of, in compensation for : inni uil do chach ... i crolige bais d'fertain air `that which is due to each for inflicting a mortal blood-lying upon him', BCrólige § 1 n. 6 . eiric in gac gruaid iarna brisidh `wergild for every cheek after it has been broken', § 64 n. 1 . cidh bias isin beoguin `for the life-wound', Laws iv 232.21 . in bur cintaib for your crimes, Anecd. i 44.2 . is olc an t-íc dhamh thu annsna righaibh... do thuit leat a poor compensation for the kings, CF 922. déirc sin (sic leg.) saint `almsgiving instead of greed', Dán Dé xxiv 9. beag an éaraic iarrfa id ghuin, DDána 30 § 16.

in contrast with, as against : is étrum in digal i mméit in pectho `the punishment is light for the greatness of the sin', Ml. 126b6 .

for the purpose of, with a view to : d'imcoimet na mna doberar isin ngnimrad `who is given to do the work', BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . a ndilgud chinad, PH 2993. i comartha dilguda, 3117 . i ndíoghail a athar in revenge for his father, Ériu i 101 § 56. rogabus ben ar eicin. Cid indaragbais ? why did you seize her ?, ZCP xii 362.18 . cf. bat becda fri becdataid, i ndēntar do thol that your will may be done, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 18 § 8.4 . bat tó fri tó[i], i n-étsider aisnēis, ib. 6 .

In expressing the specific extent by which one thing exceeds or falls short of another : to the extent of : corop máa i n-óenṡillaib in comparit, Sg. 40b7 . a nnád foirpret i n-oenṡillaib `when they do not increase by one syllable', 48b5 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a tuile ar cach óen laithiu `by which the flood is slower day by day', Thes. ii 14.35 (Bcr.). a coic indid óa (of the moon) `by which it is less', 20.41 . mad i ndib n-uarib deac nammá bas laigu cach mí ..., 10.4 .

8 ann 3 s. dat. m. and n. form of i + pron.

Freq. to be translated there, therein : bid [prec]eptóir cách and `every one will be a teacher there', Wb. 13a13 . maní bé est ánd tuas ┐ mad argumento bes ant, Ml. 14d1 . issed inso nád chumaing ara-n-ísar and ` 'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . robatar indsin (rectius and-) etir da tráth din ló, RC iii 184.28 . teid Conán onn (=ann), Duan. F. i 67.29 . feirinnsgne sáoi ┐ flaith : an sáoi, an flaith as cóir ann, IGT Introd. 9.7 .

Used predicatively

(i) with subst. verb expressing existence and in identification clauses : ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre `if there be anyone who speaks many languages', Wb. 13a4 . tuc an ingin aithne gurbh 'e righ Eirenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6. rofiarfaig Fechin don rigain scéla in claim ┐ ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 . is é droch-nós do mhothaigh do bheith ann, TSh. 359.

(ii) with other verbs : fagham saor ann dá mbudh eol let me find an artificer who would know, Dán Dé ix 24. is tú thug na haibhne ann | 'sna maighre ar fhud na habhann, vi 38 .

Used pleonastically :

(i) with clauses introduced by áit : Cath Bhealaigh Féile ... áit ar thuit iomad do Mhuimhneachaibh ... ann, Keat. iii 2338.

(ii) anticipating a follg. adv. or adverbial phrase : is and rogab ar tús tes it began in the south, RC xvii 416.24 . is and ata mo chumachta comlai[n]d am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . is ann batar dá dhuirb isin uisci there were two worms in the water, RC vi 175.44 . = is amlaid: is and ro boí Cu Chulaind iar mbéim dei a lened ┐ in snechta immi, LU 5856 . is and ra buí Finnachta oc imbirt ḟidchilli, LL v 39060 . is ann buí-seom: oc sním irchomail fo Grip, SCano 238 . ? atá ann = atá amlaid, Celtica xii 190 : atá and iarom conid hé ainm in cnuic Forgemen, LU 5830 .

(iii) in a rel. clause expressing identity : as é as faoisidin ann, gerán tuirsech doní an pecach, Mac Aingil 165.10 . is eadh is treas bás ann .i. bás na péine, TSh. 1948. Contrast : issí poetica licentia and tormach inna á , Sg. 31b12 .

B. Folld. in O.Ir. by acc.

1 Denoting place whither : i nníulu `into the clouds', Wb. 25b23 . tri dul isna lucu arda, Ml. 23d23 . dulluid Pátricc o Themuir hi crích Laigen, Thes. ii 241.5 (Ardm.). aratesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that b should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . corop si cetathe ... hi tech n-óil that she go first, LU 8825. tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is gathered into three words, Críth G. 40. a guin inna dí chúlaid, 538 . snáidsiunn in sab slúagach | i sossad n-ard n-óiblech `into the high sparkling station,' Fél. Sept. 21. arna tailctis isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. do ḟeitheam a long ... as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in,' RC xvi 142.6 . cloictheach ... ┐ eoin duba diairme índ ┐ as `passing into and out of it,' xvii 394.32 . ar dhol ionnsa bhfiadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1173. gan dul isin mbelach mbodhba sin, ML² 337. éirg i férmaig Taillten tall, Ériu iv 106.2 . a chroch dhearg i ndeachaidh Íosa, DDána 2 § 15. dat. for acc.: arna digsed i nUlltaib, Ériu viii 175.3 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 801. téidheadh isteach i bpurgadóir Phádraic, Keat. i 48.65 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha, TD 15 § 45.

2 Denoting state into which : ar cor hi far selbad-si `into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . dotháod som im muindterus ndé, Mon. Tall. 134.31 . ros-lá i socht na h-Ulto, ScM. § 9.1 . is inna réir tíagait `they submit to him', BDD² 791. dol ina troid `go to fight him', Duan. F. i 79.3 . go ndeach mo chorp i gcaoile, Dán Dé vii 23. do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B., 20.12 . Apparently folld. by dat. : co ndechaidh i muinighin Brighte (? or read mBrighte), RC xxvii 292.y . docuadur a millsi brīathar ┐ a cāine comrāidh re chéile, ZCP vi 105.9 .

3 After words denoting hope, trust, belief, respect, liking, attention, etc., and their opposites: ní intiu fadesin dorecachtar `it was not in themselves they hoped', Ml. 53b11 . do neuch no-dn-eirbea ind `that shall trust in Him', 51b10 . tri chretim i n-Ísu `through belief in Jesus', Wb. 3c2 . gan cás at anam agad `not to care for thy soul', Ériu viii 195 § 4. tuigther dhún ... gurub faill tug 'nar tegmáil `that he has neglected our quarrel', iv 216 § 17 . ni raibh cadhas aige i gcill no i dtuaith `he recked naught of ...,' ZCP iv 398.5 . a menma indeḟeithmech dogrés i nDia, RC ii 400 § 42. in midochus dobi acu annsa tor do cosnum, xix 282 § 212 . uair is iniud ata mo tairisi ┐ ni ha caruit cumachtaig ele, TTebe 3673 . san tsúil ... ná cuir suim (dat.), DDána 8 § 5. déin trocaire orainn do réir ar ndochais ionnad, Parrth. Anma 9.2 . d'egla go ccuirfidhe amharas na bhas, Ó Héodhusa 63.8. dimbríogh do thabhairt san uile ní, TSh. 343. dúil ag duine i gcraos ┐ i ndrúis, 396 .

4 After verbs of changing, putting, dividing, ending the acc. is more common (but see supra A. 6) : cona tintuuth i mbélre n-aill `with their translation into another language', Wb. 13a1 . in tan domberam ar menmain intiu co lleir `when we give our mind to them diligently', Ml. 21a8 . fodailter i cóic libru `is divided into five books', Hib. Min. 46. forceinnfitis anmmann inte `nouns would be ended in it', Sg. 6a6 . co ro-deglad a ndeich renda, PH 1212. gurb i luaithreadh do claochlódhthaoi é, TSh. 300. do chuir sin do thuicsin innti curbé Gaibriel aingil ticced do labairt ris `made her understand ...', Maund. § 126. i n-am cruais dá cur im chúis `will be brought against me in my day of trial', Studies 1933, 140 § 12 .

5 Various abstract meanings.

for, on account of : nimbia durata ind `he will have nothing to give for it', Ml. 57a13 . connabáe níi indid n-ingaba á chocubus `for which his conscience may reprehend him', Wb. 11d8 . i ngabál (sic) lóge `for taking pay', 16d4 . bó i ndéicsin [n-]ind for looking into it, Críth G. 211. ca hindeochad do-bérad in rí forru ind (in punishment) for it, BDD² 196. do-gníth in chomairle hísin ┐ do-bertatar glindi ind di síu ┐ anall on both sides securities were given for it, 421 . esrócartha isan ngním sin | seasca lanamna, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 50. dobértar dā boin 'sa mboin ┐ dā cháirigh 'sa gcāeirig, Fianaig. 72.18 . doté(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil i córus [n-]othrusa, i mboin (`an aitire goes surety for the man who inflicts the wound for [his due observance of] the rule of sick-maintenance, [i.e.] for a cow [as penalty for non-observance ?]', tr. Ériu xii 83.26 ), Críth G. 53. ainmnetach ret ... cride ... rig nime i nnach dortai in doman ... fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. Contrast : tucc buidechus do Día in a tindlaicibh, ZCP xi 128.26 .

Cf. indid Niall ... ro malart since it is N. ..., AU i 438.26 . faelid-sem ... hi nglen luch inna gerchrub, Thes. ii 293.24 ( SP ii ). indid Alend is dún fás, Hail Brigit § 14. inid mo athair ... ortabairsi, BDD² 737. olc i n-a ndligend bás d'fhagbail `for which he deserves', PH 2719.

as (see GOI §249.2 ) : tabeir i taurchreicc céile as a fief for a client, Críth G. 252. fáccaib in .vii. maid mboin ... i fochraic in tíre as payment for the land, 94 . gebtit iudei i n-apid, Wb. 26a8 . dobreatha i n-asgaidh dhó as a gift, TBC-LL¹ p. 367 n. 6 . i llóg a batsi `in payment of his baptism', BColm. 10.17 . dia ndechadh ... iom giolla fo[glamma] i n-Espain `als Lehrling', TBC-LL¹ 5662 (Stowe). ar is īatt robói ana farrad ann a fían a saert[h]a `as his protecting fian', BColm. 94.8 . a screbull a todúsc[th]e as fee for bringing him back to life, ACL iii 226.2 (= i screpall, RC xxvi 370.27 ). gur marbhadh é féin 'na éiric, Ériu i 102 § 63. go dtug Brian fáinne óir ... i n-almsain ar altóir Árda Macha, 82.3 . i comhardha na mīrbaile in token of the miracle, RC xxvii 300.14 . ro íarr a n-impidhe `as a request', Fl. Earls 50.23 . co tarttsat a mbú ... i lón sloigh día n-amhsaibh `as provisions', Hugh Roe 68.14 . dat. i forciull ar cainte `as a testimony of', PH 1576. a n-eisimplair ogachta na hi Muire, D IV 2, fo. 45c37 .

II Time.

1 With nouns of time : (a) with dat. to express point of time, (b) with acc. to express duration.

(a) isind óin uáir, Wb. 25b16 . hi cach láo, 4b21 . hi tossuch, 5c16 . i n-aimsir in tindnacuil-sin, Ml. 55c1 . i n-aínib ┐ domnachaib ┐ chorgasaib, Críth G. 145. isin blíadain, Fél. Prol. 281. fíach n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 137.3 . isin laithiu i rrogénair, BDD² 111. a láoibh áille `on fine days', Ériu ix 168 § 44. lim congébat sind ló baga, TBC-LL¹ 444. i n-aimsir thēchtai at the prescribed time, Ériu i 218.22 . a[n] nemlabhuirt a n-aimseraibh airithe, v 130 § 47 . i ló an mheasa `on Judgment Day', Dán Dé x 6. re sidi ... ngaithi inn a[i]msir gairb, TTebe 2403 . i ndeireadh bheatha, TSh. 885.

(b) is dia bendachthe isna bithu `He is God, blessed for ever', Wb. 4c4 . ní tremfeidliget immurgu issa suthin `(they) do not endure for ever,' Ml. 21d4 . i flaith Conaire in the course of C.'s reign, BDD² 229.

*1 (With verb) when : inraptar lán[a] a c[h]óic blíadna 'when he was five years old' TBC-I² 537 . hi nglen luch 'when a mouse sticks' Murphy Lyrics 2 § 6 . hi tucu cheist 'when I understand … a problem' ibid . imsa naídiu 'when I was a child' 86 § 5 . imbu macán when He was a small boy Blathm. 90 § 1 . inde-cluinethar ... inden-aici 'when he hears it ... when he sees it' AM 18 § 59 . i mbi 'when it is' CIH ii 529.20 , Pagan Past and Christian Present 26 . Succat a ainm i tubrad 'Succat (was) his name when he was carried off' Thes. ii 308.18 , Ériu lvi 41 n. 58 . 2 ann = then, in that case :

in tan mbís diabol n-airech désa lais is and is aire désa dia n-eper[r] ..., Críth G. 258. is and is rí(g) in tan dodnimmchellat dréchta[i] gíalna[i], 569 . ar fochraic tucustar duine a fearunn ann-sin, Laws iv 136.7 Comm. is and dixit in ben thereupon , ScM. § 3.4 . in tan ro ngabsat na curaig tír, is and robuí Mac Cécht oc béim tened i mBruidin Dá Derga, BDD² 479. is ann sin trá do-luid Conaire íar Slighi Chúalann, 429 . ba forpthi, anōraigthe a lá-sa ar na mirbuilib imdaib-si forcóemnacair and, Ériu ii 196 § 14. cuirid daeine úaisle comurtha ... ara n-aighthib, óir ann is dóig léo fein co ra bíattis uáisle 'sa doman `for then they think ...', Maund. § 158.

Pleonastically after nouns denoting time, when these are used adverbially :

do-luid feachtus n-ann dar aenach mBreg Léith `once upon a time', BDD² 2. a mbūi-seom laa n-and for Bendaib Bairchi one day, Ériu ii 22.5 . luid C. fecht n-aen ann do accalldaim in ríg, RC vi 175.52 .

III With nouns denoting occasion or circumstance : i cach caingin `in every dealing', Wb. 25b5 . isin tsenmim dedenach `in the last call', 13d18 . ar mu sémi-se ... isnaib fochaidib, Ml. 22d1 . foghlaim ad lenph when thou art a child, Ériu v 134 § 82. co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic ┐ co mbo dítnith in cach guasacht ┐ co mbo comdídnad iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.13 .

IV Frequently forming prepositional and adverbial phrases, e.g. i n-agaid against, opposed to : gē mōr do shluaguibh ... biadh ionn bur n-aghaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1907. armad treisiti a nert ind aghaid a namhat, Ériu viii 174.15 .

i cend

(a) against : do scáin in comla 'na cend `the door burst in towards them', Ériu iv 118 § 28. nach tuigit a nguasacht no go tecat lucht innill na sás-sin i n-a cend, PH 7739. coimēirghi na cōig cōigedach i n-a c[h]enn, ML² 1136. ná digis t'aenur | i cenn ríg Temra, SG 365.10 .

(b) as well as, in addition to : cech cúmsanad hi cend a chele, PH 3647. do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, 7730 . cion Eabha i n-aghaidh an Dúilimh | doirbh téarnamh ó théid 'na cheann `when others are added to it', Dán Dé iii 16 .

i cinn at the end of : hi cind nói mblíadan, Ériu iv 94 § 12. conarba luga hí hi cind mis oltás orcc cránai, PH 7210. hi cind Ruis Omna `at the head of ...', BColm. 82.19 . i ndead after : i ndead innanísin, Sg. 1a5 . regad i nbar ndīaid, TBC-I¹ 509. amal atberum i n-ar ndiaid, PH 63. i ndegaid after : cech consain i ndegaid araile, Sg. 7a4 . foraindi ┐ for ar maccaib i n-ar ndegaid, PH 2731. i ndochum towards : ronfáid ... i ndochum n-Iffirn, SR 1856. i ndorus in front of : for-ránaicc ... a ndorus a lis, BDD² 1514. i ndorus do thige, ScM. § 11.5 . ro cing Poimp indorus a pupaill for in eac[h] sin, CCath. 4738. i ndorus Ierusalem, ACL ii 144.22 . suidis Cáilte ar in carn i ndorus in dúin, SG 139.10 . i fochair along with, in the company of : is it fhochair-siu bed-sa, CCellaig 789. am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. i fus here : in slog biid i fus, SR 4537. in tan nad bi Adam hi fos, 1193 . fad gairit bias Cáilte ibhus, SG 139.x . Somet. of this world as opposed to next : na da bethaid iarsa fhognann (MS. ḟogh-) cech iresech i-fhos (MS. i ḟos), PH 3547. do nirt a shúalach i-fhus (leg. i ḟus) i nnert a fhochraice forórda ┐ a bethad suthaine thall, 4674 . i lleth with, in the company of : ní-terpi illed nach áili `thou dost not trust thyself with anyone else', Wb. 1d10 . hóre attá innar leid `because He is with us', 4b11 . Colmān ... im leth `by my side', BColm. 94.23 . dire so fuil i leth inneic is dir do biadh along with what is due ..., BCrólige § 17 n. 4 . i leth fri in regard to, with : batar ... i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda `in many unions with several women', BCrólige § 57 n. 7 . is cinntech i leth fri Dia ┐ ecinntech i leth fria dainib `finite to God, infinite to men' (of the number of the angels). PH 6218. cen co derntar gabail ... i lleth friu `though an attack be not made.in regard to them', BCrólige § 37 n. 2 . iss ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam il-leth frit-sa that caused me to doubt you, MacCongl. 57.6 . i tossuch at the beginning : i tossoc[h] ná epistle, Wb. 14b2 . i tosach nach lae, CCath. 3807. adv. a n-as irchride is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 . i tús at the beginning : indroet som sochaidi hi tús `at first he had received many', Mon. Tall. 135.17 . i suidiu then, thereat : ro-boí buille dar áo i suidiu, ScM. § 18.4 .

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