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1 aithech,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithech, or dil.ie/2605
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: athach, athaig

n o, m. (aithe). See LEIA a.¤ (cóir), athach, eathach (lochdach) m., IGT Decl. § 11 , § 55 . Note however, athaig (g s.): athair, Éigse viii 290 § 12 and n. 0

Lit. rent-payer; vassal, peasant .

(a) In legal contexts used of a particular class of tenant and sometimes to describe the commoner as opposed to the noble. See Críth G. p. 74 ; ZCP xv 245 . ethach .i. quasi aithech .i. doniter a aithe for neach, O'Curry 105 ( H 3.18, 70 ). a.¤ .i. fer braith ut est taidhe cach a.¤ .i. is amail gataide in fer braith nó in fer forinaiter féich, O'Dav. 37 . Cf. táid gach a.¤ | a.¤ gach ainbh, Ériu xiii 20.14 . a.¤ = briuga, Harl. 5280, 53b (Plummer MS. notes). athaigh .i. íocaidhe, O'Cl. flaith ┐ a.¤ `lord and vassal', Thes. ii 238.12 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fri tige cach na.¤ , Ml. 92d15 . athaig ┐ bachlaich domeled sin uile, SCano 345 . flaith athuigh na bid flaith a athair i.e. a noble whose father was a commoner, `Bauer-Herr', ZCP xv 245 § 4 . ní dlig a.¤ mraich cor[o]p flaith, Críth G. 254 . díre n-aithig honour-price paid by an a., 530 . athich cacha slointe di ṡhund huma anechclann the commoners of every family from here on with their e., Rawl. 118b38 . adnacol do cholaind aithich thuaithe a peasant of the tribe (laity?), RC x 82.12 . soifid roúall . . . i mmaccu a.¤ .i. grád fene no chille, LL 188c1 ( RC xxvi 42.1 ). ait[h]ech cách co hEogan húais, ZCP viii 299 z . ísel cech athech, Tec. Corm. § 15.15 . ó a.¤ co righ, ML² 836 . athig i comairli ríg / mairg tír i tic in scél, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . aondath i n-éadach moghaidh, dá dhath i n-éadach an aithigh, Keat. ii 1918 . aithigh Laighion / siad ós maithibh measfuidhior, LBranach 5776 = DDána 117.16 . gach saoirfhear ann badh aitheach, 72.32 . Prov.: as ait[h]ech cāch gan deōladh no one is so exalted but he can do with assistance(?), ML² 162 .

With qualifying clause, gen., etc. a.¤ ara-threba a deich (so called because his stock is numbered in tens, and represented as standing midway between the ócaire and the bóaire, Críth G. p. 77 ): cateat fodlai bóairech? dá ḟer midboth(a) ┐ óccaire ┐ a.¤ arathreba a deich, 17 . a.¤ arathreba a deich, deichde a búar sidi, 132 . a.¤ baitside (baitsid, baitse), meaning doubtful; is é a.¤ baitside inso dia mbé in[n]a enncai cen gait, cen brait cen guin doíne acht láa catha nó nech toṡaig a chenn fair, Críth G. 142 and n. a.¤ forrtha (fortha), one appointed to take the king's place in legal actions against him, see forrtha.¤ im athechu bunaid (.i. na aithig ḟortha) im athechu cis (.i. na doerchele), Cóic Con. 21 § 14 .

(b) In pejorative sense churl, boor, uncouth person: contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58c6 . in triar a.¤ . . . ro anacht Cú Ch., BDD² 1287 . robo leanamnach int a.¤ (aidech, LU), TBC-I¹ 1207 . ni thecat da fuapairt / acht [mad] athig mith, TBC-LL¹ 3371 (see meth). is duit dosratsam ┐ ni dont ṡenaithiuch ucat (of Rónán), Fing. R. 67 . ni tú as cóir dia chairigud . . . a.¤ samlut (of Lugaid Mac Con), RC xiii 438 § 9 . bríathra athig churlish words, LU 5450 (TBC). in t-eathach, Acall. 5532 . dias aitheach oc ingairi cairech, YBL 122a2 . cumala ┐ athig na Pers, Alex. 390 . athig ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . ar ba haitheach somh a h-ucht treóin `being a plebeian representative of a hero', AFM iii 178.17 . a tigh aithigh ┐ áonmná / caithidh sibh an cáomlá ar cúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 363 .

In phr. a.¤ feda base tree (oppd. to aire feda). Used of letters of the alphabet: athaigh feada, Laws iv 146.19 , 24 . airigh fedha ┐ athaig fedha . . . athaig fedha .i. fern, sail, bethi etc., Auraic. 1151 = aithig, 4249 .

(c) giant, monster: immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB § 39 ). da aitheach forgranna, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 1 . ar neimib a n-arm na n-athach n-uathmar n-agarbh, BB 43b1 . lorg in fhathaigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1006 . ris an athach darbh ainm Goliath, TSh. 10937 . combarala dam ┐ dond a.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 56 . ethach ┐ arderrad ┐ fogmoir, Stair Erc. 1290 . is i in [n]aithir neime .i. in t-a.¤ aingide (of the custodian of the Garden of the Hesperides), 254 . tú an aithir sheang . . . / is ceann aithigh uirrei-se, DDána 50.10

COMPDS. ¤-aicme vassal tribe: seacht n-aitheachaicme robadar isin tir re tiachtain de Uib Eachach, ZCP xiv 44 § 6 . ¤-lus lit. churl's herb (protection against the evil eye ? Celtica xxiv 38 ): righlus ┐ tarblus ┐ a. . . . a. do ghradaibh feine, O'D. 2365 ( Rawl. B. 506, f. 43b ). ¤-matad base dog (term of contempt): ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud [do] gleid (glieid, LU) frisin coin moir, TBC-I¹ 1228 . aithechmadad druthsotal, 1594 . ciarso dúal don athiuch-matud saigid forsin árchoin, TBC-LL¹ 1935 . ¤-phort rent-paying town: trí aithechpuirt (.i. bailte bodaich) Hérenn: Clúain Iraird, Glenn Dá Locha, Lugbad, Triads 33 and note p. 36.

¤-thúath subject people (see Mac Neill, Early Irish Population-Groups, PRIA xxix (C) 59 - 114 , O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 154 ff. ): ro díbdáit uili cland Ugaine Máir la athechthúathaib Herend . . . ┐ ro gabsat athechthuatha Herend flathemnas Temrach, LL 7308 . ba di athechthuathaib Herend dó, 14616 . na haitheachthúatha ┐ Cinél Conaill . . . ag argain an bhaile, Ériu v 76.16 . le daorchlannaibh nó lé hathachthuathaibh Éireann, Keat. ii 3702 . annam lib athechthuatha do tháinsemad bartrenfer, LL 238b25 ( TTr. 1617 ).

See next.

do-saig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-saig or dil.ie/18435

 

Forms: dosaig, tossaig, do-dobsaig, dosaidh, toṡaig, dosoich, dosoidh, dosegatt, dosuiget, do-saighedh, dosaigtis, do-sasat, dosoisidh, dosia, dosúa, dosó, dosiacht, siacht, segar, to-na-segar, toichid

v (* to-saig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 610 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. dosaig, Wb. 15a22 , 23c23 . ? tossaig, Ériu xvi 180 § 16 . do-dobsaig, LU 4580 . dosaidh, Laws iv 308.7 = toṡaig , Críth G. 144 . Later dosoich ( dosoigh, Aen. 3016 , dosoidh, 2285 ). 3 pl. dosegatt, RC x 216 § 6 . ? dosuiget, BB 493b4 . Impf. 3 s. do-saighedh, ZCP viii 106.32 . 3 pl. dosaigtis, TBFr. 154 . Subj. pres. 3 pl. do-sasat, O'D. 547 ( H 3.17 436 ), sic leg. Laws ii 140.18 . Impf. 3 s. dosoisidh (= dosoissed), Aen. 1991 . fut. 3 s. dosia, MR 186.18 . dosúa, IGT Decl. ex. 685 . dosó, ib. Pret. 3 s. dosiacht, TBC-I¹ 1759 (YBL) = siacht, LU. Pass. pres. s. do . . . segar (with tmesis), ZCP xi 82 § 23 . to-na-segar, ZCP xii 366.24 (Críth Gabl.).

Vn. toichid.

I Intrans. comes, goes, approaches: is hed dosaig anuas goes with it from above, Wb. 15a22 , cf. 23c23 . dosoich chuigi, Aen. 3016 . dosoichet lucht in baili amach fon gair, 1711 . dosoich osnad a tonn co nēllaib neime, RC xxiv 373 . dia Cāsc doṡaighedh docum Sleibte, ZCP viii 106 = dotaíged, Trip.² 2860 (dathaiged, v.l.). dosaeigdis Connachta dia ndescain, RC xxiv 147 . mairg dosia d'á saigid sium, MR 186 . dosia tar muir na mend, BCC § 344 (poem). dosia geall Chathail da chloinn will go to his posterity, KMMisc. 170 . dosiacht Fergus fora glinni went on his securities, TBC-I¹ 1759 . beg slóig dosiac[h]t le Cormac . . . as escaped, Ériu iv 226 (doriacht, v.l.).

II Trans. goes to, approaches, makes for; seeks (oft. in hostile sense): dosaig na hēigsine, ACL iii 311 (B. na f.). dosegatt sid Cruachan, RC x 216 . gebe dosoisidh iad, Aen. 1991 . issē dodobsaig, Cuc[h]ulaind, TBC-I¹ 75 = farsaig, LL; dobsoigh, St. an chú fíochmhar doshoich sibh, Content. xxiii 12 . nech toṡaig a chenn fair who seeks to slay him, Críth G. 144 . iasc a tonnaib do snāmaib segar (segtar, segaiter, v.l.) fish is caught, ZCP xi 82 . dosiacht gialla fer Muman, Lec. 269b39 . dosiacht corp a hathar-si dia adhnacul, Lib. Flav. i 11vb17 . In legal sense sues, claims (cf. Críth G. 144 supra): is si is coir do gleo[d] ar dtus cid í is deigencha toi[ch]ther is pleaded (of a lawsuit), O'Curry 1615 ( 23 P 6, 6ab ). dosegar lesa fuirre ar athgabail amail tuata (of the Church), O'D. 2191 ( Nero A vii, 133a ).

éccomlonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccomlonn or dil.ie/19440

 

n o, m. (neg. of comlann) an unequal combat, unfair odds, hence a strait, distress, oppression : fochicher curu im do chosa isinn ath comba hecomlond mor duit, IT ii2 246.65 . gāir mo maicse re n-ēccomlonn TBC-I¹ 2977 . buadrugud a meic ac comrac ra écomlond TBC-LL¹ 4691 ( = b. a meic Con C. fri dā mac dēc Gaile... TBC-I¹ 2975 ). ni po mmachtad cia chon-bosa[ds]ide for ecomlond tho' he were victorious against odds TBC-I¹ 730 . com-boing tar écrait n-écomlund ( = c. tar é. n-écrait triumphs over the foe in spite of odds ?) FB 52 (n-eccomlaind v.l.). brister ar Laignib... | úair fuaratar ecomland, LL 299a37 = SG 368 . re heagcaoine an éagcomhlainn do bhí ar Chonchubhar, Todd Lect. iv 88 . mor fer...rofoirrgit tre imforcraid in eccomlainn etarra, CCath. 6022 . erreda egcomlainn warriors capable of sustaining a fight against odds, champions Ériu viii 8 . i n-aitt n-écomlaind, Acall. 3768 n.

im-beir é.¤ for plies the odds against, oppresses, wrongs : combad airsein no imberthea écomlund i tosaig i nHerinn LL 115b27 ( RC viii 56 ). búridach na míled ic immirt écomlaind forru, TFerbe 334 . rohimredh eccomhlann fair la a mhuinntir feisin, AFM ii 946 . tréna n-imreann (an bás) d'olc ┐ d'éagcomhlann ar na daoinibh, TSh. 1178 . a héagcomhlann the odds she contends with 2966 . i n-é.¤ outnumbered, overpowered, helpless : airm itorchair i n-ecomlund, LL 123b12 . TBC-I¹ 3388 . rofallsiged do M.... F....do bith i n-ecomland ic mnaib Ulad, SCC 45 . int-í rocharus co holl | dom-rat sund i n-ecomlond ib. do forcomét na féinde...atait a n-éccomlann ac allmurchaib, Acall. 3156 . co roistis dia foirit[h]in in tan bae i n-ecomlund ┐ i n-uaiti sluaig, BB 429a35 . YBL 317a21 . Injustice, tyranny : écomland in popuil Romanaig for in popul I., LB 154a24 . ré mbeith don phobal Iúdaidheach fá éagcomhlann, TSh. 6103 . gáir écomlaind the cry of one overmatched, outnumbered; a cry of distress Metr. Dinds. iv 36 . iachtad écomlaind, TBC-LL¹ 2961 . Ériu viii 46.12 . osnadh eccomhlainn, ITS v 140 . o. egomlaind, YBL 340b23 . taom éagomhlainn, TD 2.34 . Cf. éccland, écclond.

2 etel(l)ach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 etel(l)ach or dil.ie/20782
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ā, f. flying, fluttering; flight: eoin doni eitillach, Irish Texts v 34.21 . táncatár a scoim ┐ a tromma co mbátár ar etelaig ina bél ┐ ina brágit, TBC-I¹ 1944 = ar eittelaig, TBC-LL¹ 2608 . in t-én ar etelaig, LB 234a17 . ticfaid énlaith...ettelaigh (-dh MS.), Expugn. Hib. 52 . mar saithe cuiledh ar eitillaigh, Fier. 162 . do-chonnairc ealta cadhan ar eiteallaigh thairis, TSh. 3085 . confacui aon-oclæch dia indsaighi for each... ┐ araile stéd...ina aici for luamain ┐ eitellaig , bounding D IV 2, 73 [63]ra 10 . (of the soul of Lazarus:) da leigestair tre ettelaich tindisnaich...noco ndeachaid isin colaind cetna, YBL 151a14 . ar ndenamh gresi eitellaige doib (of cranes) BCC § 330 . fer...┐ e ic luamain ┐ ic lain-eitelaigh dá ghuaillib ┐ dá géglamhaib ic tarrachtain tosaig in techid, MR 318.24 . d'eiteallaigh ḟuair an uisge TD 20.36 . Of banners: re fothrum a fann-bratach ic eitealaig, MR 184.8 .

imthnúth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imthnúth or dil.ie/28153

 

I (3 imm-, im- + tnúth, q.v.) n mutual envy: himthnúth cosnama tosaig , TTr.² 866. asaidh ... imtnuth menman [iter Poimp Maighe ┐ Iuil Cesair], CCath. 222 n. tar éis Fhéiniassa ín laich lir | imthnuth eter na braitribh, BB 20b22 .

II (2 imm-) great envy, jealousy , (folld. by FRI of person against which directed): do gab imtnudh mór re Moconda íad, BCC 256.9 . diombuan ... an drem doní rim iomthnúth, BNnÉ 286.10 . rogab imthnuth ┐ emiltus iat risin rig, TTebe 222 . conid aire sin ro erig imthnuth Congail re Conan, MR 250.17 . iomthnuth fa mhaith spioradálta dhuine oile `envy at another's spiritual good,' Donlevy 176.13 . tria ainrecht is tria imthnúth `by her fury and her jealousy,' Metr. Dinds. iv 14.6 . is lé hiomthnúth an diabhail táinig an bás isteach san domhan, TSh. 3120. an tí do-gheibh bás i n-uabhar nó i n-iomthnúth, 1272 . do b'adhbhar ... iomthnúith re haonduine, Maguires of F. § 89. ní roibhe cūiss imthnūith re guasacht ... dier fhuilngetair ar fairrge a n-athfhēgmhuis a ffuaratar do ... c[h]onntabairt a mbāiss an t-am sin, Fl. Earls 20.20 . bráithreas i n-aighidh n-iomthnúidh, Dán Dé xxiv 9. In cheville: Crist rochum in domun ṅdúr | cen homun is cen immthnud, Rawl. fo. 69b50 .

As quasi vn. the act of emulating: sluaiccheadh lá Maguidhir d'iomthnuth ris in slóigh sin Briain, AFM vi 1936.16 .

1 ruibne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ruibne or dil.ie/35713

 

n a spear, lance (poet.): roibne .i. sleagh, O'Cl. mo ruibni (.i. mo sciath), LL 208a7 ( IT i 162 , ruibhne, v.l.). ro suidiged corp Loegairi fo a scíath coṅg ruibni [leg. cona r.] frisin clod, LL 30a20 (Dinds. of Tara) = fo sciath-gaisgiudh, RC xv 281.1 . gona ruibhne ré a ghualainn, TSh. 5785 (poem) = ML 20.25 . ro beótar [robatar MS.] buidni bána | lasna ruibni ro-dána `intrepid lances', Metr. Dinds. iii 142 . ? comlond laech . . . co n-ilar sleg . . ., | erctha ruibne . . . | fuil i tosaig na buidne, Acall. 5163 .

splinda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. splinda or dil.ie/38648
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (? Eng. splint Celtica ii 60 , EIF 209 ). ailment of the foreleg in horses; splint (?) : labram anois d'eslainte cos tosaig na n-ech … splinnda, Celtica ii 50 § 12 . labram anois don tuired, ┐ as amlaid fasus .i. cnaim fasus ar lurgain in eich, ┐ in tan roithes anglan do-ni bacach don n-ech caimingnech. ┐ as inann e ┐ in sblinda acht a beith don taob amuigh 'we come now to tuired which is a bone which grows on the horse's cannon, and when it runs matter (?) it makes the crooked-hoofed (?) horse lame. It is the same as splint except that it is on the outside ' 52 § 16 .

tessach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tessach or dil.ie/40603

 

n ā, f. (2 tess) feverish heat, fever: teidm na tesscha `the plague of the heat,' Trip. 526.12 . bliadoin na tesca, CS 302.24 . tanicc teidm mor galair isin tir ... .i. cenel tescha, Ann. Conn. 1225.27 . comēt mo broinn mbuilid | nār lintar cen mesair | co-rop dēniu a tosaig | a bith isin tesaig, ZCP vi 259.22 . Macán Maire ... | dom' snádhadh ar gach ngalar, | ar in tessaigh bhíos hi ccind `from the heat that is in the head,' ZCP i 456.3 . ? To this: i tessaig thrucha ro bīth flaith Hua mBresail Macha (`in hot strife (?) of fated men'), Arch. Hib. ii 74 § 63.

tosach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tosach or dil.ie/41498

 

Forms: tosaig, tosaigh

n o, n. Later m., but d s. often tosaig . IGT Decl. § 55.

(a) beginning: ised inso t.¤ indala sailm, Ml. 27d2 . is dia as t.¤ , 85b15 . benedic a t.¤ benedic a diad, 120c5 . cid amal bid du thoschib, 129c12 . in creti dúnni at (sic leg.) tosge huilc dún ... amal rocretset ar n-aithir romdar tosge maith doib, Ml. 96b5 . is ed inso t.¤ preceptae iohain, Thes. i 486.30 . o thosuch bliadne, ii 18.38 . tucad a tosuch fo diu[d], Sg. 202b8 . hí tosug inna rainne, 213a10 . etir dered is tossach, SR 4832 . gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii 114 § 2 . na doíni atbathatar ó thossuch domuin, TBFr. 307 . is e tossach mortha anma M. ... in chuimleng ... dorigne, PH 6284 . t.¤ suirghi, IT i 125.7 . corob é ba rīg Con[n]acht ... ic tobairt thosaich na tāna for Ultaib, Ériu ii 184.1 . t.¤ rabhuidh rug a dealbh `his aspect became threatening,' iv 112.15 . Hence incipit, first line of poem: etir tosaichib na rann ┐ deridib na rann eile, Fél. 14.x . ba hiad so tossaighe na salm, BCC 214.16 . 'ag so bráighi dhuit, a Dhé' an t.¤ , IGT Decl. 5.28 .

(b) principle: is hegin tosaighi ┐ cuisi is airdi na mar adubramar do beth ag na gnimarthaib so, Mackinnon Cat. 39.2 . tri tosaidh na naduire .i. materiaformaprivacio , Nat. Lib. of Scotland MS. II p. 41 . o t.¤ inmhedhonach eigin bis comchoitchinn don gne uile, Nat. Lib. of Scotland MS. XII, iii Ib2 .

(c) precedence, first place: connar-leced t.¤ na toisigeacht dá stocaib croda, TTebe 2800 . no cu ruc A. t.¤ de `until A. had taken away the lead,' 2360 . t.¤ failte is fothraccaidh, BNnÉ 255.20 . t.¤ fothraiccthi re bfleidh | t.¤ cuirn, t.¤ cuiridh, ZCP viii 219 § 8 . ná geibh t.¤ leptha de | ret t'aes cumtha is comairle, SG 107.11 . congbhaid annos anallan | t.¤ éigse is ealadhan, Content. xxviii 3 . t.¤ uaim-se fhuair seisean, DDána 69.23 . toiseach i ttír bhiodhbhadh, Éigse iii 132.85 .

(d) van, battlefront: bēs adchotar nech aile | do, t.¤ na conaire, TBC-I¹ 235 . do ronsat na Cristaighi ceithre tosaig dibh fein cum in chatha `acies,' ITS xix 42.14 . dochuaid German féin hí t.¤ in chatha la Bretnu, Anecd. iii 68.16 . Muiredach robái i tossuch sluaig na nócc, Trip. 150.25 . for t.¤ a shlogaid, CCath. 6051 . ar t.¤ gacha coirigthi, RC xix 290 § 228 . ro choirigh t.¤ ┐ deredh ar a deglaochaib, Celt. Rev. ii 204 . do cured a ndered asa n-inad ┐ do mebaid da t.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1270.7 . robriseador fo thrí an glasslaith for th.¤ an tsluaig araill, AFM iii 356.8 .

(e) front part; Of a ship: ag accallaimh na sgūt ┐ na sgiam-t[h]osach, ML² 661 . téid i dt.¤ na luinge, TSh. 2639 . Of a horse: tuarccaib N. tossach aneich ... dorala foa etorra, AFM vi 2216.3 .

(f) g s. as adj. front, foremost: docunnaibh Sisian an leoman ... ar cois tosaigh `the front paw,' ZCP vi 293.25 . do thochuil in leoghan ... derc ... lena chosaibh trennertmura tosaigh, Études Celt. i 91.15 . ar gach taobh do chuirr thossaigh na luinge, AFM vi 1822.7 .

(g) With various prepp.

(i) ar t.¤ , ar tosaig first, at first: mad ar thosuch beid, Sg. 203a7 . is in faichte bes coir ar t.¤ , Laws ii 16.18 Comm. caidi a damna, trá, ar tosaig?, Ériu iv 220.28 . is é caislén an ghradha in fuath ar tosaigh, Stair Erc. 2244 . co tainic loisi de ar tosaigh, 2487 . gnáth ar tt.¤ ag teacht di | fuaradh carad fa chéili, Studies 1921 588 § 2 . mairg, a Dhé, thug ar tosaigh, Aithd. D. 12.12 . grádh don chóir thug ar dtosaigh (:air). DDána 7.29 . druim ar t.¤ tug re a chineadh, 15.9 . im Brí Léith ar fir-thossach, LL 163a35 .

(ii) i tosuch at first: is hed inso no chairigur i tossuch, Wb. 11d1 . isme féin asbiur i tossuch, 14c30 . hi tossuch, 5a11 . ceist cindus rombatur int psailm hi tosugh, Hib. Min. 7.208 . dús cia díb lasa ragtha i t.¤ , BDD² 426 . romlēicidsa com longes hi tossach, TBC-I¹ 1010 . teitsidi co lLáeg hi tossiuch, 1382 . srainis in milchu for in leomun ... i t.¤ , RC xxiv 174.9 . feraid tra imairig a tosuch comdar scitha ┐ dogniad cora fa dheoigh, vi 174.10 .

(iii) ó thosaig in the beginning: loise an tsaoghail mhóir-se a-muigh | is eadh tháirreas ó thosuigh, DDána 37.20 . ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin | is ní dait tug ó thosoigh, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 .

? comēt mo broinn mbuilid | nār līntar cen mesair | co rop dēniu a tosaig | a bith isin tesaig, ZCP vi 259 § 7.

túaithbel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. túaithbel or dil.ie/42189
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: túathal, tuaithbil, tuathbi[u]l, thuathuil

n o, m. (túath + sel). In Mod. Ir. also túathal.

(a) a turning lefthandwise, against the sun, withershins: a laeua .i. ō tuaithbel, O'Mulc. 774 . is blicht la mnāi cur ar is donaite cach tuat[h]bel, 754 . inní ropu tuathbel dosum (Longinus) issed ón robo dess do Críst, LB 251a70 (see under túaisre). gabdais for imescargain a cheli ic malairt mong ┐ ic cirtlam ┐ ic atlugadh tuaithbil `rendant coup pour coup,' RC xliii 28.8 (perh. adverbial here, see (b)).

(b) As adv. (d s. ?) lefthandwise, from left to right, withershins: desiul scēo tuathbi[u]l do-féce, ZCP xi 93 § 22 . mad tuat[h]bil dotes, Ériu viii 122.14 . arna gentib impadhas tuaithbil, na sidhaighi `the folks that turn withershins, the fairies,' O'Dav. 1600. do inntódar na troich tuaicbel résan teichedh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 15.18 . an lec sin d'iompod fo tri tuaithbhel fair (part of curse left by Maedóc on transgressors), BNnÉ 248.24 . impáidis a bachla ┐ a bhuainmionna fo tri túaith-[bél] ina ttimceall, 236.34 .

(c) With prec. prep. (usually ar, for): impaid in fer sin ar tuaithbel ma cuairt, YBL 84a47 . sōais reime ar tuáthbel `turned it lefthandwise' (a mill), BColm. 58.25 . imasai ar tuaithbel fo thri fair (Satan), Ériu v 122.28 . imshoi for tuaithbiul ar belaib an tsluaigh, ii 120 § 60 . geis do cuairt ... | for tuath Laighean for tuaith-bel, Leb. Cert. 12.8 . In more general sense: a ruisc for tuaithbhil ` askew ,' Marco P. 187 . a shuaircfhir sháimh, ní sámh do reacaireacht sceól ... | ar tuathal táid (of ill tidings), Hackett xii 3 . With i n-: ticub na thuathbel fó thrí | in topair bi buan can breis, Ériu vii 229 § 74 (see under (d).

(d) As prep. with gen.: ro gabsat iarom deisiul Temra ┐ tuaithbiul Breg lefthandwise round B., LU 6747 (BDD). lodar tuaithbel Erenn tar Febal ┐ dar Eas Ruaid ... ┐ dar Mag n-Ai ┐ dar Mag Cruachan, RC xvi 148.19 . cingset assin Chrúachain chrúaid | túathbel nÉrenn dar Áth Lúain, Metr. Dinds. iv 46.2 . imsói tuaithbel in tobuir fo thri, RC xv 315.13 . tig ... in ainim tuaithbel an cuirp, Ériu v 122.44 . tuaithbel na Temhrach, BNnÉ 289.18 .

(e) Attrib. g s. (usually in fig. meanings): go ndiongnadh féin cíor thuathuil don teagh that he would turn the house topsy-turvy, PCT 644 . tuc bleith mulind tuathbil forthu the grinding of a mill turning the wrong way (of an attack on an army), CRR 34.15 . atad go hanordaighthe imaccuairt, ┐ bleith muilinn tuaithfil orra, Cog. 198.z . do thuit tu san bpoll tuaithchill as nach ttigir, Luc. Fid. 292.15 (=túaichel(l) ?). slog ... tuath-bil, PH 8105 . arin tsluagad tuaithbil-sin ` ill-sped ', Ann. Conn. 1315.8 . ina tarmánaib ... tuaithbil, MR 230.20 . an gérait aingceoil ┐ in tlam tuathail ro bai ac milled a maithiusa ┐ a arba, Acall. 4458 v.l. (leg. tuachail ?, Stokes). a tuisleadaig tuaithbil ur-thosaig na h-ingabala `from the awkward stumbling in the front of the flight,' MR 318.4 .

Compd.: ¤ cúairt: is sed luidi a tosaig cetamus Tuaithbiulchuart (túathbel, v.l.) erenn co rrola cuairt connacht, Tall. Étair 65, 4-5 . ? a mbáidh ar dtuathal cuairt (? leg. dtuathalchuairt) re cneastacht chaoin `love which now revolves awry opposed to kind civility' (of the growing unfriendliness of the nobility), Ó Bruad. ii 22.12 .