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angraib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. angraib or dil.ie/3642
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (Lat. antigraphum, Vendr. Lex.) exemplar, model: sain engraib cac[h] libuir gl. tot . . . exemplaria quot codices, RC viii 366.31 . Of a specific work: andgraib Hironimi, Fél. Ep. 139 (hence O'Cl.: graibh Hieronimi .i. feilire no sgribheann Chirine, as if an g.). commimmis a.¤ dúibsi, Wb. 26b18 . exemplaribus .i. ona engraifib (o engraphib, v.l.), Lib. Hymn. i 73.31 . Cf. engraib.

1 díabul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 díabul or dil.ie/15864
Last Revised: 2019

 

( débol, LL 324d2 )

I adj o, ā double, twofold: peccad d.¤ , Ml. 97d10 . a buith ar chonsain diabuil, Sg. 8a6 . cid diabal fod foirge, Laws iv 18 , 19 . aithgin co d.¤ , ii 196.9 (adv. ?).

Compds. ¤buar: diabulbhúar .i. ba ┐ eillti `double cattle, cows and does', Cóir Anm. 26 . ¤chorach name of a class of lawyer: oenberach ┐ diabalcorach ┐ coingeltaid .iii. mbreth, O'Dav. 559 . airecht fodesin, is a suidhi bīt brethemain . . . naiscaire nodonaisc . . . diabolcorach nodofille . . . (in a description of the five kinds of assembly), ZCP xii 360 . créd in deochair atá edir an aenberach ┐ an díabulchorach. Ní fuil dethbir eturru acht mur so .i. ainm remtheachtach roleanustar é no atá aca leanmain .i. aenberach do rada ris anosa ┐ diabulcorach é chena, H 3.18, 644a . ¤gae double spear: diabalgai .i. gai diabalta, Cóir Anm. 288 . débolgae, LL 324d2 . ¤náma twofold enemy (?), opposing (?): áit i comraicfét diabolnámait .i. focicherthar insin Bruidin co fá thri ┐ dofoicherthar eisse co fá thri, BDD § 81 . do-bebat dīabailnāmait 'opposing (?) enemies will perish', BDC 110.87 ​. In n.pr.: cummair Diabulban m. Conglais, Rawl. 128a41 . c. Diabulbane, ib. Hui Diabulbaine, ib. = cumar Diabalmuine, Lec. 425a40 . In n.loc. rī Diaballaigen, Cáin Ad. § 28 . co Diabul nArd, TBC-LL¹ 4790 = co Debul Ardda, TBC-I¹ 3018 . See cóic and 1 secht.

Cf. Diabul Múscraige, Ériu vi 149.80 .

II As subst. o(?), n. double quantity or number, doubling: a diabul .i. a ḟilliud, LU 419 . cin diabal tot[h]gusa, Laws i 46.21 . diabul n-aithgena double the restitution, ii 306 . diabol n-airech désa, Críth G. 257 . diabal taurchrecce, 106 . nech cuilles aini . . . pendid diabul na aine dara hesi, Ériu vii 146 . adrén diabul .i. mīl i mmuin alaili `he pays double, that is, a beast in addition to the other' (duplum restituet, Exodus xxii 4 ), Ériu vii 154 .

In prosody metrical device of doubling, repeating a word ( Auraic. 1796 , 2091 , 2169 ): a diabul:—águr águr iar céin [chéin] beith | i péin péin, ní sīd sīd, Auraic. 5321 . LU 419. (pref. to ACC). See díablad.

fogur

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fogur or dil.ie/22802
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fogor, fogor, fogur, fugur, fogur, foguir, fogair, fogair, -ḟogir, foghar

n o, m. n s. in f.¤ , Wb. 12d5 . Sg. 203b9 . in fogor ib. fogor 18a3 . a s. fogur, Wb. 12d5 . d s. fugur, Ml. 26d10 . fogur, Wb. 12d5 . Sg. 9b1 . g s. foguir, Sg. 6a2 . ind fogair , 3b17 . n p. fogair, 4a3 . -ḟogir, 3b23 . n s. foghar, IGT, Decl. § 17 .

A sound in wide sense, used of speech, natural sounds, etc. foghur (gl. sonus) Ir. Gl. 469 . In Glosses renders Lat. sonus Sg. 6a2 . sonitus Ml. 26d10 . pronuntiatio Sg. 3b23 . 4a3 . 9a23 . vox Wb. 12d5 . rocluinethar cách in f.¤ et nicfitir cid asbeir, Wb. 12c22 . do scribus in amra a n-oenlo eter cheill ┐ ḟogur, LB 241a marg. inf. (`both text and gloss', Stokes, ZCP iii 225 ). niofil ... belre ... cen f.¤ (gl. sine uoce) Wb. 12d5 . ni anand sai i son i [leg. .i. ?] fodar dogres, achtmad hi cēll, Laws v 2.8 Comm. co fogur derchainte, LU 2408 . co cuala in gilla f.¤ isin tuind .i. córus cainiuda, RC xxvi 8.9 . fa `tot' dno a ainm in foghair sin doghni in tond (i.e. a splash) Auraic. 1613 . bertais ... inna hágu ... ┐ in f.¤ iarom dorigénsat bá ceól meldach, LU 1800 . ro ben a bachall ... risin n-arradh ... cu clos a foghar fon cill uili, Lism. L. 954 . f.¤ tuinni, IT i 78a25 . f.¤ gaíthe more, PH 5449 . co cualatar f.¤ na ngoband oc tuarcain ..., LU 1865 . f.¤ ... inna ngenti oc claide ratha, Lat. Lives 14 . ra fogor mendchrott, TBC-LL¹ 5214 . foghar ... na dtéad meannchrot, TD 25.18 . conatail and ... fri foghar ceirce Bairche `at the clucking of B.'s hen' Dinds. 89 (= fri fogur circi B., BB 399a34 ). gach dúil bhalbh a fuil foghar, IGT, Decl. ex. 1712 . amhail umha ag déanamh foghair = aes sonans TSh. 9413 . ea ... éa ... ionann guthaidhe dhóibh ┐ ní hionann foghar no síneadh IGT, Introd. § 11 . is fo[r]cradhach fogair 'it is excessive by a syllable' Celtica ii 283 § 31 .

In restricted sense of harmony, melody: f.¤ na ṅgrád, na céol ṅgle, SR 487 . seinnter gach fodur ┐ gach ceól, Marco P. 79 .

Rumour, report: an é súd an Cú Chulainn oirderc ata ḟogur aguibhse a nEirinn ?, RC xxix 144x (other MSS read: iomráiteach atá, and: atá iomráiteach, etc.).

Rarely of talk, discussion: má tá nach bhfionntaoi ar bhfoghar (i.e. my argument? But cf. 2 fogar), Content. ix 9 .

Compds.

(1 ) with adj.: ¤binn sweetsounding: fedán f., Acall. 1718 . ¤chosdae: in foghur-costa (of a steed, = Lat. sonipes), CCath. 5478 . ¤throm: faltanais fogharthroma clamorous ML 80.22 .

(2 ) With subst.: ¤béimnech: noisy beating: f. na fern siúil, LL 236a13 ( TTr. 1416 ). ¤cheól: f. na gcon ` baying ' RC xliii 22 § 19 . ¤drēsachtach: f. na caillted the jarring sound of the woods' CCath. 4172 . ¤gáir: co ¤gairibb moraibh `clamorous shouts' CCath. 4372 . ¤gerán: cnead ... ┐ foghairghearán ` loud complaining ' TSh. 4166 . ¤guth utterance: ar an bhfóghar-ghuth síghe `the fairy strain' Oss. iv 170 . ¤mongurán wailing sound CCath. 4165 . ¤muirnn ` shouting ' CCath. 3130 . ¤núall shouting, howling: fogharnuall, Hugh Roe 138w (f. 37b) . AFM vi 2016.16 . ¤thorann a thunder-like noise: fogharth. a n-ordanáis, AFM v 1786.7 . ¤thormán id.: go cclos ... a ffogharthormhán (of cannon) AFM vi 2028.9 . fogarthorman a ttrompadh ┐ a ttapúr, Hugh Roe 34.14 (f. 9b) .

See foguir(r)iud.

1 il

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 il or dil.ie/27239
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: iliu, hil, n-ili, il, lia, lia, il, ilága, il, il, il-

adj i (orig. u, GOI § 358 ). As subst. a p. iliu, O'Dav. 621. LL. 119b50 . Sg. form of adj. with pl. noun : nidat glain for n-adbai hil (: dil), SR 7996.

With a noun in pl. many, numerous: atá n-ili dána in spirto `that the Spirit's gifts are many,' Wb. 12a11 . it corp in boill-sin cit íli, 12a13 . arnaib réib ilib, 22a8 . inna leri ili gl. operas multas, Ml. 28c2 . os ní ili `we many', 43a6 . rugil (gl. nonnullo= rug-il `sehr viel'), ZCP vii 488 § 41 , cf. GOI § 366. co mmárbuidin martrae | naptar ili lochtae, Fél. March 18. fertae amrai ili | dogénatar airi, ib. Ep. 175. it ile imda mo anmandsa cheana, BDD² 554. ili insi Mod ... ili tonna mara : liä dāma Domnaill, Bruchst. i § 12 . bātar ili Cothraige | cetharthrebe dia fognad `many were there whom C. ... used to serve,' Thes. ii 309.3 . do flaithib ilib echtrandaib, Laws ii 308.17 . di each dec diamut ili sealbu `if they have belonged to various owners,' v 242.10 Comm. robdar úaite a n-éolaig ┐ robdar ile a n-anéolaich, Ériu iv 126.10 . fíad andrib ilib, LU 3902. ili ceanna, ūatte enech, ZCP viii 195 § 10. bid uaite bar n-airchisechtai, bidt ile bar námait, Alex. 223. go ro chaoininn m'ulca ile, Measgra D. 42.27 .

With a noun in sg. manifold, much, great: cosin taidbse il gl. cum multa ostensione, Ml. 30b11 . in tomais il .i. in toimseo truim (gl. multi ponderis), 20a21 . bith cen ṡeotu | arlicud il | ilar carat `much lending,' Tec. Corm. § 14.29 .

As subst. many, a multitude: tresa n-íccatar híli `through which many may be saved,' Wb. 27c20 . do ṡlund hile `to signify many,' Sg. 28b24 . ní derscaigi in comparit di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, 40a6 . a n-il gl. multum, Ml. 43d23 . aisnefimit uáiti do ilib dib `de multis pauca perstringemus,' Lat. Lives 45.7 . togaethfaid sochaide soifid iliu, LL 119b50 . gellfat-sa de fīad ile in the presence of many, ZCP x 41.22 . co ttangattar ili diabhal ina thimcheall, BNnÉ 6 § 19. tidhnacul mbīdh ... coemthach n-ile, ACL iii 296 § 41. fechtas for iliu oenfer `which one man wreaks upon many,' O'Dav. 621. ar ilib ... ┐ ní ar na huilib dóinib `pro multis .. non pro omnibus,' PH 5227. dú in ro marbhadh íle, AFM i 440.9 . cf. ile .i. iomad, no iolardha, O'Cl.

Equative: con bús lir bommanna ega, TBC-LL¹ 5949. comtar lir gainem mara ... a lleithchind ┐ a llethchloicne ..., RC iii 177.29 . For compar. : comtís lir a mmairb anda a mbí, TBC-LL¹ 6006. at lir turim thrá frassa na saiget past counting, LU 2212. With compar. ending for comparative : is liriu feoir no folt fidbuide `more numerous than ...,' Ir. Gl. p. 70 n . Compar. lia more, more numerous, greater: nabad lia diis no thriur `let it not be more than ...,' Wb. 13a4 . lia gl. plures, Sg. 41a9 . air robtar lia sidi ol mbatar maicc israhel, Ml. 123a8 . ce beth lin is lia do crichaib eturru `a greater number of territories,' Laws i 222.z Comm. lia ceasta canoine nā canoin, ocus lia aicned inā udaras, iii 32.8 Comm. at líu luibni fidbad fann | no ruibni rinndglan retglann, SR 7291. is lia indisi ┐ epirt a ndo ligdath doadbat `beyond telling,' Ériu ii 114 § 39. is lia turem tra ┐ aisneis ina mboí dí degmnáib and, LU 8416. ni ḟil nech is lia seóit ... andú-sa, TBC-LL¹ 59. níba lia in rí is taig andā-side `the king had not more people ...,' ZCP xii 272.30 . bid lia a mairb lais na hoirgne andáta a mbí, BDD² 801. longes ba liu andasaide, Cog. 228.14 . ar mhodh nach liadh da a gceannuibh ina da gceudfadhuibh (=quot capita, tot sententiae), Luc. Fid. 333.4 . iomdha fochuinn as a bfoil | fearg ag Chríosd re cloinn Ádhaimh | ... lia tobar na trócuire ` stronger ,' Dán Dé xxi 12. is lia ná soin daonnacht Dé greater , x 12 . am lia d'ḟios is d'ealadhain `I am richer in knowledge ...,' Content. xiv 10. Ír, ní raibhe laoch ba lia `no warrior was greater,' Keat. ii 747. With de : nocha liauite in biadh `the food is not the more plentiful,' Laws ii 28.17 Comm. is liate in da urlabra `the more lengthy,' Auraic. 635. indar leosom gach imat cruth bias fora ndee is liai-di a cumhachta, Marco P. § 152. liaide duine ag dul 'n-a teach | cor na gcreach ar Muire amach, DDána 21 § 16. lía assa lía more and more numerous: lia sa lia an t-aos ealodhna, Ériu v 52.10 . lia sa lia treablaid is teadhma, Dán Dé xii 2. cóir cungnamh as lia sa lia, DDána 34 § 9. lía assa chách more and more numerous: ┐ ni lia 'sa cach iad ┐ ni huaiti, YBL 85a23 . Superl. issē mac dian lia eōlas i nĒrind, Ériu viii 156.7 . ar an leirg bhus lia duine very numerous ?, DDána 24 § 8. corn lán as lia trócuire, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 1. fód as lia iasg ar abhann, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 3 v.l. an tráth as teirce an fhéile | 's as lia lucht an toibhéime, L. Cl. A. B. 64.154 . lia toimhdeadh atá don fhior very many , 174.61 .

Adv. ind il greatly: multum .i. is ind il as ferr iudeus quam gentilis, Wb. 2a4 . With de : is lia de creitfess `the more ,' 23b7 .

Compds. il is most commonly compounded with plur. nouns, but may also be compounded with nouns of a collective or abstract character, e.g. il-chésad, il-chonách, il-ecor, il-ḟodlaidetu. ¤adbai many dwellings: dia n-ergnaib, dia n-iladbaib, SR 7264. ¤adbara many materials ? : ri secht nimi, rí talman, | ardruiri na n-iladbar, 7734 . ¤ág manifold combat, many fights: g. (? s. or p.) airm ilága , TBC-LL¹ 4105. ¤aicdi many materials: rasilsat i. adhamrai ann .i. nemaind Locha Lein, Anecd. ii 6.6 . ¤aicmi many races, many families: nicon fogail hilltuathai ┐ hilaicme fear talman, Alex. 236. ¤airdbe many slayings: bé dia mbiat ilardbe | eter Ulto erredaib, IT i 69.9 . ¤airm many weapons: dia n-ilarmib, SR 732. ¤anman many names: ilanman domber doib du(a)id 'many names which David gives to them', Études Celt. xl 65 ( Ml. 48c34 ​). ainmnigud oen folaid húa ilanmmanaib, Sg. 30a5 . ¤arda many heights: dor-riagat ilardae uisscib indberaib, BDD² 455. ¤átha many fords: for ilathaib Boinde, YBL 173b52 . m'oenur dam ar ilathaib, TBC-LL¹ 2336. co mensat (leg. memsat, Ed.) ort forsna ilathu, LU 6097. ¤baill many limbs: dorígeni dia corp ... ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ¤bélrae, ¤bérlai, ¤bérlada n. later m. many languages: is ferr precept oldaas labrad ilbéelre, 12d7 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib, 12b22 . do fogluim na n-ilberla fon doman, Laws i 20.7 Comm. iar cumasc na n-ilbérlae `after the confusion of tongues,' Ériu iv 140.21 . eoin ... cantai ilcheolu i n-ilbelraib, ii 118 § 54 . áit ionar thiodhnuic Día ilbhérladha an domhain do Neamhrúadh, IGT Introd. 3.12 . ¤benna many horned animals: il-benda, Laws i 64.9 . ¤berta ` many burdens,' many tasks ?: gessa ┐ i. bítis for Coinculainn, RC xiv 398 § 1. ¤blassa see blas. ¤blátha many blossoms: forsnig inna hilblátha, Imr. Brain § 6. ¤blíadnai many years: ecmaing bátir ilblédni, § 62. demun oca himluad fri hil-bliadnu, PH 1990. ¤brecht(n)ugud great diversification, great variegation: hilbrectnugud retland roglan i n-aidchi réoid, TBC-LL¹ 5048. ilbrechtnugud cech datha inti, Acall. 5454 n. ilbrechtugud, 7168 . ¤brechtrad, ¤mrechtrad manifold variety: adiecta cona n-ilmrechtrud, Sg. 29b6 . hilbrectradh ndath n-éxamail na cathsciath, CCath. 1728. as lais tuccadh ilbrechtradh gacha datha i n-edighibh ar tús, AFM i 42.z . ¤bríathra many words: mrechtrad inna n-ilbriathar, Ml. 122d11 . ¤brugai (see mruig) g p. imtiagad breatha ilbruige `the judgments on the various farms vary,' Laws v 466.15 . ¤búada many victories, many outstanding qualities: dia n-ilbuadaib, SR 716. ra bátar ilbuada ilarda ... for Coinculaind, TBC-LL¹ 660. innisidh a iolbhuadha, DDána 67 § 23. ¤búaid great excellence ?: lat mac n-oebind co n-ilbúaid, SR 2864. ¤buidne many bands: na hilbuidni airridrici, TTebe 1444 . ¤chaingni many affairs, many troubles: ba mertnech Moisi ... fri hi., SR 4542. ¤chatha many battles: fri frithalim n-i., 5058 . ¤chathraig many cities: Sg. 13a2 . a n-ilchathrachaib tíre Iúda, PH 3675. ¤chelga many treacheries: a fhír-indilltech na n-il-chelg n-exsamail, 8174 . ¤chella many churches : et fundavit il-cella i nDáil Araidi, Lat. Lives 34.13 . ¤chenéle many kinds: ataat i. bérli isin biuth so, Wb. 12d4 . ¤chennadacha many provinces: do luid ri Eoganachta for creich ┐ innrudh ilchendadhach, YBL 1a16 . ¤chenna many heads: tolaib ilchend (of a beast), SR 882. ¤chéola, ¤chéol many melodies, many harmonies, manifold music: binnithir ilcheólu in domain ..., LU 2034. co srethaib ... ilchéolaib, SR 992. parrthus cona thairthib ┐ cona il-cheolaib, YBL 157a16 . binn leisna harcainglibh ilcēol na hēnlaithe, ZCP viii 199 § 5. seinn i., Studies 1919, 611 § 1 . ¤cherda many crafts, many accomplishments: batar hi. inganta leo, PH 889. go ráith bhfódsgoraigh na n-ilcheard n-éagsamhail, DDána 70 § 14. ioldanach .i. duine lan d'ealadhnaib no d'ilcheardaib, O'Cl. ¤chésad ` act of torturing in various ways' : go raibhe dá il-chéasadh ann (i.e. in Hell), TSh. 564. ¤chéta many hundreds: tríasna hilchéta blíedne, Imr. Brain § 65. co ruc il-chéta bó as, RC xvii 363.8 . ¤chethrai many cattle, cattle of various kinds: isin cumusg n-ilcethra `in the intermixture of various cattle,' Laws ii 4.y Comm. imtar imdai a n-i., SR 4662. ¤chíalla many meanings: na ilchialla asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . o oin inna n-ilchial, 154a1 . ataat ilchialla isint sun ebraidiu, Ml. 37a10 . ¤chinéla many races: na hilltuatha ┐ na hilchinela, LB 122b39 . ¤chlessa many tricks: a ilcleasa neme ar indell aicci, TBC-LL¹ 3931 (Stowe). i n-árach a n-il-chleas `varied tricks,' TSh. 528. ¤choin many hounds: airm i mbiat i. géra, LU 2418. ¤chomarbas manifold heirship: can forbeir coimaithces ? A il-comarbus `from several heirs,' Laws iv 68.19 . ¤chomraic many encounters, many combats: nipa frithenech debtha hit ilchomraicib, LU 3495 (SC). ¤chonách : dochuaidh ilconach do Césair `manifold prosperity,' CCath. 2368. ¤chuir many turns ? many circles ? : línib hilchor (a cheville), SR 166 ¤chrícha many territories: i n-ilchrīchaib comadais, ACL iii 218 § 7. ¤dála many delays: a ben, ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698. ¤dána many gifts, many arts, many accomplishments ; sg. ¤dán varied skill, manifold science: nítat ildáni do óenfiur et ní óen dán do sochuidi `it is not many gifts to one man ...,' Wb. 21a16 . tormaigid eneclann du neoch il-dana du beith aigi, Laws v 108.16 Comm. In sg. : fairenn cach ildāna of every varied gift, Ériu iv 163.14 . ? used as adj. iar n-eladnaib ildánaib, SR 2226. ¤dath, ¤datha sg. and pl. many hues, varied colouring: Emne co n-ildath féle, Imr. Brain § 60. co mbrechtaib cach illdatha, SR 56. Loch Riach ..., illatha de gach n-aenlā dath gorm, dath buidhe ..., ZCP v 24 § 14. Attrib. gen.: i mbeirtibh óir ioldatha, TD 7 § 26. ¤dechraib d p. many differences: isnaib i., Ml. 125d7 . ¤delba many shapes, varied shapes: rí rodasgni ... i. na n-anmanna, SR 7270. ¤dírib d p. many fines, many compensations: slan enech ecmaing in il-dirib i n-ordaib il-grad ecsi, YBL 179b13 . ¤draídechta varied enchantments: na hildraidhechta ┐ na hileicne ro imerset draithe Cormaic orro, RC xliii 58 § 58. ¤dúili many elements: trí accomol n-ildule `through the conjunction of many elements,' Ml. 145c4 . ro chainset na hilldúile, SR 7760. ¤échta many slayings, many slain: re himad na n-ar ocus na n-ilécht, MR 240.8 . āra ┐ ilēchta, TTebe 2856 . ¤ecor much decoration, much inlay: etaigi caema ... arna n-ilecur do snath alaind orda, TTebe 2214 . Attrib. gen.: ruithean na cathbarr n-orda n-ileagair, 917 . cloidim cru[a]idgher ... ┐ se ordhuirn ilegair, Aen. 1955. ¤ḟaebair, ¤ḟaebra many weapons, varied weapons: na hairm ┐ na hilḟaebair, Acall. 2031. ní geibhtis renna ná ilfaebra he, RC xliii 46 § 45. gé bhrisim ... beirn le beagán iolfhaobhar, DDána 82 § 2. Metaph. armtha lé hiol-fhaobhraibh na haithrighe, TSh. 10816. ¤ḟodla many divisions: nos deocraigitt i n-ecsamlus na n-ilfodal fil forsin mbairdni, IT iii 6 § 4. ¤ḟodlaidetu manifold division: cid i n-airecar ilfodlaidetu forsin cetardu sin (viz. na cethri primfodla filed forsin bardni), IT iii 6 § 4. ¤ḟolta : fri slond n-ilḟolad `to signify many substances,' Sg. 28b22 . ¤ḟuirech much delay: ní bad muilleóir duit fer ilḟuirig `a man of much delay,' Tec. Corm. § 34.5 . níbat ilḟurig im írad n-echtrand `do not often delay ...,' SCC 272 (= LU 3471 ). ¤gáiri, later ¤gáirthe, ¤gár(r)tha many cries, much clamour: a cuirdís óic ilgáire, Acall. 3094. fodord mor ... ┐ ilgaire troma fergacha, LB 151b37 . iolgháirthe gan méid do mhair, IGT Decl. ex. 1983. iolgháirthe badhbh is brainéan, TD § 31. iolach ┐ iolgarrtha, RC xxix 122.7 . ¤gáirdes much joy: cūis ilghairdis, Fl. Earls 238.10 . ¤gáirdiugud much rejoicing or merrymaking: ticdiss ... d'ilghairdiugadh inntinne dōip `to make amusement for them,' 58.15 . ¤gessa many spells, many enchantments: mar mhná na n-ilgheas oile, TD 1 § 17. ó do imdhigh a n-ilgheasa `their great prerogatives,' Aithd. D. 45 § 3. ar eól amhra i n-ilgheasaibh, Hackett l 8. ¤géill many hostages: a p. huaire do-foxla ilgiallu, Laws iv 330.4 Comm. ¤glésa many arrangements, manifold equipment: im thalmain co n-ilglessaib, SR 90. re hil-gles a hoirfideach, MR 102.17 . ¤gné many kinds, varied appearances: bieit i. indi són, Ml. 97a1 . Lucifer linib hilgne, SR 1690. nocon fetarsa indat ilgnae do-chuirither in folt fair fo indat trí fuilt failet fair, BDD² 1125. ¤gníma many deeds, various deeds: nicond ailet il-gnima `various works,' Laws v 414.x . a ghríobh na n-ilghníomh n-orrdhuirc, DDána 92 § 40. soidheach il-ghníomh n-amhghlan inn, Aithd. D. 73 § 3. tar eis na n-ilgnim sin do denum, Stair Erc. 1223. ¤gotha : ba uisse ce notectad ilgotha ` many sounds ,' Sg. 197a11 . ¤grád(a) many orders, many grades: ni do thoimsib na n-hilgrad, SR 714. cona ecalsib i n-ilgradaib, ZCP iii 223 § 4. ¤gréssa many ornamentations, many illuminations (of a MS.) : in sgribenn n-amrae ... cona ilgresaib aillib examlaib, Fél. 90.6 . ¤imad very many, a great quantity: maille re hiolimad dona págánachaibh, Ériu v 192.530 . ioliomad édála léo, 194.564 . fer saidhbhir ... co n-ílimad gacha maithusa, RC x 187.14 . Ionas, Iob, ┐ il-iomad oile, TSh. 8434. go n-ilimat bād ┐ ethor, Fl. Earls 86.12 . ¤innéirge : ilinnerghe ineragar o ecluis bunuidh `many desertions are made from an original church,' Laws iii 64.20 . ¤intliuchta : sluindes ilsésu ┐ ilintliuchtu `that signifies many senses and many meanings,' Ml. 37a10 . ¤lanna many blades: ar fich arm il-land ngorm, LL 43a13 . ¤liuna a p. : arna tormastar fort iliuna len lighe `lest there be added to thy numerous sorrows the sorrows of a sick bed,' Ériu viii 173.30 . ¤litre many letters: ar it lia sillaba o illitrib quam ó oinlitrib, Sg. 71a18 . ? ¤lúamand : ? roīr dam ... deich tallima taroeda il-luamand, Ériu ii 28.31 . ¤luicc many places: dorata i. dáib, Trip.² 1185. ¤maicni many tribes, many families: frisna iltuathaib ┐ frisna ilmacnib ┐ frisna ilmílib, TBC-LL¹ 453. ¤maín(e) much wealth, many treasures, many gifts: ladiri ocus ilmuine mic Dé `manifold powers,' Laws i 22.22 Comm. ar id ilmaoine moighter comarbaib, iv 266.24 . fuath lais ór is iolmhaoine, Aithd. D. 20 § 21. do bhronn d'filidh ilmhaíne, IGT Decl. ex. 1173. Fig. (see maín (c)) ; im ṡeirc Dé ba hilmain, Fél. Feb. 11. taimthiu Ióib ilmain (? in app. to taimthiu), June 30 . ¤mara many seas: tíre is iolmhara eadroinn, Studies 1918, 453 § 15 . ¤mairb many dead: ro-thóduscastar hil-marbu ... lais a bás, PH 3747. ¤míana many desires: cin nach n-uiressbhaidh dia n-ilmianaib, Stair Erc. 624. ¤míla many animals: Adam, sruth is ilmílaib, SR 1642. cona huilib hilmilaib, 1632 . ¤míli many thousands: i fil ilmíli brecc mban, Immrama 11 § 19. bíaid ... cath for ilmilib, IT i 131.39 . cid oenfer do hilmilib, SR 4024. co ruca hilmíle lett dochum Nime, Lat. Lives 82.11 . do caithedar ... ilmilti do liagaibh lámh, Stair Erc. 1549. ¤mílid many soldiers: in coica curad ... ┐ na hilmili[d], TTebe 3259 . ¤mná many women: cell a ndentar imot adaltrais ri hilmnaib, Laws v 122.6 Comm. ¤moda many ways: roptar cosmaile hó ilmodaib .i. Moyṡi ocus Pátraic, Trip. ii 474.20 . ¤nathraig many snakes, various snakes: co n-immud a hillnathrach, SR 4684. ¤phairti many parts: cor bloidh in cathbarr a n-ilpairtibh, Stair Erc. 354. ¤phectha many sins: acht ro pennead a n-ilpeacta, Laws v 448.2 . a lloss ilpeacadh cloinde n-Adaim, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.11 . ¤phersain multiplicity of persons, many persons: ní tre ilpersa sed per filium dei (? leg. ¤persana, Edd.), Wb. 32b2 . ¤phíana many pains, varied pains: coro innithmigtís hiffer[n]d cona ilphíanaib, LU 1960. ag ingheilt ar il-phianaibh ifrinn cropping the varied pains of hell, TSh. 1963. ¤phíanad act of torturing in many ways: tuc co port Rig da riagad | na hiuidail, da n-il-pianad, Metr. Dinds. iii 416.34 . dá il-phianadh go síordhaidhe, TSh. 9165. pl. varied tortures: imat ilpianad itfrinn, RC xxviii 320 § 37. ¤phíasta, ¤phésti many or varied beasts, many reptiles: eisc ┐ ilpiasta ichtair in aiceoin, Ériu v 20.12 . no-chodlad a oenur eter na hilphiasta ┐ ni erchoitigitis do, PH 875. tearc ann do na hilphiastaibh, DDána 112 § 16. ¤phíast, ¤phéist (= oillphíast, see s.v. oll) s. monster, serpent: an dubh-loch ... irraibhe an il-péist fraochdha, BNnÉ 135. iiib. 14 . ilphiast 'na hinbhearaibh, TD 13 § 10. ¤ranna many parts, various parts: comsuidiugud o ilrannaib uil composition from all the many parts, O'Mulc. 100. ¤ratha many graces, many blessings: is liriu feor nó folt fidbaide i. in marbnaid noeb siu, ZCP iii 225.4 . ¤rechta many shapes: is de atberthe in siriti ara met no delbad i n-ilrechtaib, LU 9009 (FB). domrat ... rí na nuli i n-ilrechtaib, 1290 . ar a immat d'ilr[e]achtaib a téiged sí, Acall. 2402. bean bhroit úaine a n-ilreachduibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1587. ¤rechta ? : fiu a heire éara dá hilreachtaibh, DDána 83 § 1. ¤ríana many paths, many ways: a n-ifurnd na n-ilrīan, ACL iii 216 § 3. échta ┐ ilriana in ármhuighe sin, MR 318.30 . ilriana urbadacha eli ic fostad ... fhoirne dá n-ógbhadhaibh, 316.28 . many floods, many seas ? : atraachtatar a róin ... ┐ a chenandain ┐ i. in mara, CRR § 10. ¤rind many stars: firmiminti na n-i., SR 274. ¤rith manifold course ?, many courses ? : srethaib ilretha rétlann, SR 718. ¤rúna, ¤rún many mysteries, varied mystery ? : ri rooirdnistar mac Nún | Essu, co n-immud hilrún, SR 5006. d'aisneis ocus d'ḟiadhnughadh aignidh ocus illruine na n-oghbriathar, MR 92.1 . ¤ṡailm many psalms: it ilsailm hi tadbadar foisitiu a pecthae do duaid, Ml. 32b18 . ¤ṡésu a p. : sluindes ilsésu ┐ ilintliuchtu `that signifies many senses ...,' 37a10 . ¤ṡelb many possessions: ag nach fuil gradh ilṡelba, Imr. Brain 88.5 . ¤ṡenman : cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman `many sounds,' Wb. 12c46 . ¤ṡétchi many wives: adellad ilsétchi `that frequent various mates,' Mon. Tall. 132.1 . ¤ṡlúaig many hosts : a p. inna ilslogu, Tur. 110a . is mortcend do ilslúagaib, LU 8958 (FB). ¤tegdaisi many dwellings: ... catrach ... ┐ iltegdaisi i medon indde, Hib. Min. 221. ¤tintudai many translations: ataat i. leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . ¤tíre many lands: for túathaib, for iltírib, SR 6620. ¤toimtin many meanings: de dliguth inna n-iltoimdden, Sg. 26b7 . ¤tóisigh : dorochratar i. rothréna di cechtar na dá ṡlóg, TTr.² 1120. ¤treba : etir iltrebu `between many tribes,' Ml. 37d10 . ¤túatha many peoples: for hinnilib na n-iltuath, SR 2346. fo hill-tuathaib in domain, PH 6452. na hilltuatha ┐ na hil-chinela, LB 122b39 . ¤uisci many waters: amal tondgur n-iluisce, SR 608.

With adjj. It has been found convenient to take together adjj. compounded with il- and those derived from compound nouns of which il- is the first element, e.g. ilchenélach, ilainglech, ilmíanach, as it is not always easy to distinguish between them. There seems to be a distinction in meaning. il-, in the true compounds, having for the most part merely intensive force, e.g. il-bind, il-chrúaid, il-gránda. With those adjj. which clearly derive from compound nouns no hyphen is used here. ¤adbal very vast: ō Muir Icht álaind iladhbail, ACL iii 231.21 . ilainglech surrounded by many angels: co ríg n-il-ainglech n-ūasal, Thes. ii 300.8 ( Hy. i ). ilarmach many-weaponed: ger'bo raith óc i., Acall. 2741. ¤bind of manifold sweetness: sluag ... i., ilchaem, ... co claiscedal aingel, YBL 163b17 . ¤blasta very sweet, very tasty: cruithnecht i., LB 139a52 . ¤bras very eager, very quick: a bil-[l]aburthach ilchlesach i., PH 8181. a il-geranach ... il-ceolach i., YBL 162a20 . ¤brecc much variegated, very spotted: inar do s[h]rōll ilbreac ingantach, ML² 1471. ba hi in nirmamint ilbrec, Cog. 178.19 . forsna sciathaib ilbrecca, LB 152b31 . na haquili ... ilbreca `the speckled eagles,' CCath. 4927. ua (= ba) hilbrecca illathach na moigi ... risna cethaib comgela cubair, TTebe 2340 . As subst. : díallait órdha co n-ilbrecaibh, Imr. Brain 68.21 . ¤brechtach much variegated: sciath oirderc ilbreachtach, TTebe 3576 . ¤brén very foul: slog mor dub dorcha i. ... do démnaib, PH 8101. hi tégdais ... tenntige il-brein, 8297 . ¤brethach of many judgments, critical: an fhlaith ríoghdha il-bhreithech, RC xliii 280.z . il-geranach imchosaitech i., PH 8180. ¤bruthach very fiery: slog ... i. ... do démnaib, 8102 . ¤búadach of many victories, having many outstanding qualities: a nda sciath ailli ilbuadhacha, CF 295. conaca in tiprait ... n-ilbúadaig `endowed with many virtues,' Ériu iv 100 § 34. clanna ilbuadacha na hErend, Cog. 52.2 . gluaisis mac Ruaidhrí an ruathair iolbhuadhaigh, Aithd. D. 4 § 3. As an epithet : Oscar ilbuadhach, CF 786. ¤chaem very beautiful, possessing many charms: sluag ... il-bind i., YBL 163b17 . ilchenélach of many races: na hAdam-clainni ilcenealaichi, Cog. 166.6 . ilchenélaigthe peopled with many races: clanna ... na hErend ilcenelaigthi, 52.2 . ilchennach many-headed: in pheist irdairc úathmar i., LU 2429. pesti ... ilchennacha, RC xxviii 318 § 36. ¤chéolach of many melodies ?, very melodious ? : fail coll n-écsi n-ilcheólach ` music-haunted ,' Metr. Dinds. iii 286.24 . i nÉirinn ilcheolaigh, Aithd. D. 4 § 5. ag éisteacht ré hoirfideadh il-cheólach, TSh. 10916. uttering many complaints ? : a ilgeranach ... ilceolach ilbras, YBL 162a20 . ilchéolta : in fhailti ilceolta `many melodied,' RC xxviii 322 § 49. ilcherdach skilled in many crafts, very skilful, skilfully made: ionann iomorro ioldánach is ilcheardach, Keat. iii 666. ón mhúr ḟoirbhthe ilcheardach, TD 16 § 40. ilchessach : glic an éigse ilcheasach `of many problems,' Dánfhocail § 66. ilchíallda of many meanings: focail i., Content. v 43. ilchlannach having many descendants, having many divisions: clann .i. fodhail, ut est ro clui aicme ilclannaigh (v.l. ilclannach) `a tribe of many subdivisions languished,' O'Dav. 350 (? read he overthrew a tribe ...). go hAdhamh ... n-ilchlannach, MR 98.9 . possessed of many qualities or qualifications ? : iar n-urd eolais ilclandaigh, Leb. Cert. 236.7 . is ferr aicni ilclannach as a mbuaidh bretha berdar .i. asa mberar in brethemnus co buadach, O'Curry 2276 (< Eg. 88, fo. 20c ) = aiccnedh i., O'Curry 1610 (< 23 Q 6, p. 5b ). ilchlessach of many feats, of many tricks: an fear fionn iolchlesach, TBC-LL¹ 5466 (Stowe). Aengus ilclessach, Acall. 2732. a bil-[l]aburthach il-chlesach il-bras, PH 8181. ag aimsighthibh ilchleasacha an aidhbhirseóra, TSh. 10489. ¤chlóen very wily ? : as subst. : co Sencha mac Coscra, co ilcloin, Ériu i 116 § 5. ¤chodach ? : i. airchetail, IT iii 105 § 208. ¤chonda very wolfish, very fierce: cāinḟāel i. `ein ... vielgrimmer Wolf,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 (a) . ¤chossáitech very quarrelsome, much given to complaining: a ilgeranach, ilchossaidech, YBL 162a19 . ¤chráibthech very pious: betha Fharannain iolcraibtigh, Anecd. iii 1.5 . ¤chréchtnaighthe having many wounds ?, very badly wounded ?: cuirp ... ilcrechtnaigthe, LB 207a16 . dofuit ... M. ilcrectnaigte la hAicil, BB 439a21 . ¤chrothach very shapely ?, of many shapes, of varied beauty ? : ba hingen cumachtach i. hi (of Caer Ibormeith who had power to change into a bird), Aisl. Óeng. 19.7 . i mmag n-Árach n-i., Metr. Dinds. iv 28.46 . na heoin ailli il-chrothacha, KMMisc. 316.15 . i [bh]feidhm eolais ilchrothaigh, Leb. Cert. 236.3 . A common epithet of Juno : Iunaind ilcrothach, TTebe 2621 . in t-anmann ilchrothach-side (of Juno transforming herself into many shapes of animals) `this many-formed animal,' Stair Erc. 87. in rigan og alaind i., 929 . ¤chrúaid very hard: iombualadh ... iolchrúaidh, Atlantis iv 212.y . ildánach very gifted, skilled, accomplished, having many gifts or accomplishments (frequently used as subst.) : is amlaid bái in Dond Cualgni dubdond diumsach...illanach, IT iii 245.77 . ioldanach .i. duine lan d'ealadhnaibh no d'ilcheardaibh, O'Cl. Of the heads of crafts appointed by the ollamhs at the Feis of Eamhain ┐ the Feis of Cruachan to preside over the industries of the country : do gairthí ioldánaigh dona saoithibh-se. Ionann ... ioldánach is ilcheardach, Keat. iii 664 - 6 . tráighfidh muir ... go hiongantach ioldánach, DDána 29 § 6. fear ... ioldanach i lLaidin, AFM v 1584.9 . ioldánach `a jack-of-all-trades ,' O'R. As sobriquet of Lugh Lámhfada (cf. Samildánach) : ó armmuib in Illdhánaigh, Anecd. i 31 § 49. Superl. amail is illdanaighe dofuaramar according to the most expert knowledge we could find, BB 38a9 . ildathach many-coloured: co n-étaigib ildathachaib, TBFr. 36. in tuaig nimi n-illdathaig, SR 2628. cóeca ingen [n-]illdathach `arrayed in many colours,' SCC 803 (= LU 3980 ). meirgi ard ill-dathach, ML² 1181. barr i. in talman, O'Mulc. 201. a hearr iol-dathach (of a peacock), TSh. 2352. Name of a mythical country , as ā, f. : techt in-Ildathig i.e. nomen regionis, Imr. Brain § 24. ildathaigthe many-coloured: meic ... Israeil na thErend illataigthi, Cog. 160.18 . ildelbach having many shapes, adorned with many figures; beautiful ? : Emne i. fri rían, Imr. Brain § 19. amal cach scrin n-ildelbaig, SR 4212. issind dluim chruind ildealbhach `in the round, multiform cloud,' Ériu ii 108 § 22. in maccamh óg ildealbach, Acall. 1680. lēine il-delbach ōr-s[h]náith, ML² 1690. treabh na n-earradh n-ildealbhach `with varied vestures,' TD 21 § 26. saorchorn óir ildealbhaigh `of variously wrought gold,' 31 § 7 . ildelbda many-shaped: hilerda na n-anman n-án | is na n-i. ndermár creatures of varied shape, SR 310. ildionnach many-hued ? : don mhoigh eangbhláith i. (: Teamhrach), TD 24 § 37. ildírech : beas ill-danach, bid ill-direach he will have many fines (of one to whom because his honour-price is high, large fines are due for injury suffered), Laws v 108.12 . Aurard ilgradhach ildanach ildirech, Anecd. ii 65.6 . ¤ecairthe much adorned, adorned in various ways: cathbarr ... d'or alaind ilecairthi, TTebe 3205 . ilḟaebrach armed with many weapons: don druing fhuiligh iolfhaobhruigh ` sharp-sworded ,' Aithd. D. 3 § 17. ilḟoclach containing many words: in gach aen ebert ilfoclaig, Auraic. 1558. ilgáirdeach agreeable, pleasing: ru-s-taispein ē fēin go supailceach ilghairdeach dōib, Fl. Earls 38.x . ba lūthghāireach ilgairdeach lasin rīg ..., 222.25 . ¤geránach : a il-geranach `[thou soul] full of complaints,' PH 8180. ilgessach possessing many powers or enchantments: an líg n-ilgheasaigh n-áluinn ` many-virtued ,' TD 22a § 41 . ilgnéthech of many kinds: ilghnétheach, iolradh, eugsamhla ` Divers ,' Eg. Gl. 416. ilgnímach skilled in the performance of many deeds: uair nirb óc, rop i., Metr. Dinds. iii 242.12 . ind Aige ḟíal i., ii 66.8 . ilgnúisech ? : firmarius (read formarius) .i. ilghnuiseach ` many faced ,' Auraic. 811. ilgonach many-wounding: ardcomrac aigmeil i., CF 666. ilgothach many-voiced: re haltrom én [n]-ilgothach, Ériu i 39 § 3. ¤grádach very distinguished: Aurard ilgradhach ildanach ildirech, Anecd. ii 65.6 . As an epithet : Eicsi il-gradhach inghen Dána, 50.16 . ¤gránda very hideous, very ugly: led dhoirr n-iolghránna n-aidhbhsigh, Content. xxii 19 n . ilgrésach adorned with much ornamental work: chóig imlenda āilli ilgrēsacha `variously wrought,' Fianaig. 58.22 . fā Bera uasail ilghrēsaigh of varied accomplishments, ML² 578. ¤imda very numerous, manifold: ciarsat ailimda a clanna, Cog. 52.1 . deacair foghnamh do thoil dá thighearna | foghnamh iliomdha soin ..., Studies 1932, 140 § 1 . ilmaínech very wealthy, possessing varied treasures: Uisnech álainn iolmhaoinech, ZCP viii 221 § 44. don árus fhairsing ... iol-mhaoineach, TSh. 2729. ¤míanach very covetous: ní bad rannaire duit fer i. `a man of many desires,' Tec. Corm. § 34.4 . ¤níamach very splendid, very bright: na n-edaighi n-ilniamach, Stair Erc. 224. ilphíastach abounding in monsters: ar muir úathmuir ilpíastaigh, Anecd. i 32 § 57. glend aigméil, ilpiastach, uathmar, BNnÉ 131.17 . i gcarcair il-phiastaigh ifrinn, TSh. 802. goibél úathmhar ilphíasdach, IGT Decl. ex. 933. ¤rathach abounding in grace: it riched ilrathach, Fél. Ep. 466. ¤rechtach many-formed ? ; very frenzied ? : is i. in tí 'sa tuarascbáil, MU² 635. is and so cétríastartha im Choin Culaind co nderna úathbásách n-i. n-ingantach ... de, LU 6443. do-rinne fuath n-i. n-anaithnid de, Comp. CC 102.17 . To a woman who had changed appearance : is ilreachtach sin, a bean, ol in mac, RC xxiv 200 § 15. i Ráith ilreachtaigh Eochuill, TD 40 § 21. ilríanach : san éigse il-rianaigh `in the mazy land of poesy,' Content. xxii 14. ¤ṡínach with much bad-weather: gamh ilṡíonach, gaethach ` changeable ,' AFM ii 1100.12 . ¤tairthech very productive, very fertile: morthír ... iltairthech, SR 4702. ¤tríathach very lordly, very princely: mac Edlicon iltríathaig (v.l. imtriathaich) `head of many chiefs,' Metr. Dinds. iii 276.6 .

telcud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. telcud or dil.ie/40463
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: teilciud, tailciud, talgud, telcun, teilgen, telcsin, —teilcthi, teilgthe, teilgte, teilgin

n [u, m.] vn. of do-léci. O. Ir. teilciud. tailciud, Ml. 131d14 . talgud, Laws v 466.1 . In Mid. Ir. also telcun. Mod. Ir. teilgen, etc. telcsin (d s.), H 3.18, 458a ( O'Curry 1152 ). g s. —teilcthi, TTebe 95 2. teilgthe, Aithd. D. 39.4 . a p. teilgte, Rosa Angl. 116.16 .

I

(a) releasing, letting go: a delciud asin doiri, Études Celt. xl 79 ( Ml. 118d11 ). So also 118d15 . 131d14 . ar telcod a maic do when his son had been released to him, TBC-I¹ 2900 . ar robatur ratha fair ima (i.e. an righe) tealgadh uad i ccionn seacht mbliadhna do Diothorba, AFM i 68.17 . ic urgabhail a n-anala ┐ ic a telcon doridisi `upheaving their breath and letting it out again,' CCath. 5871 . ? Here also: as eigean biadh ┐ deoch ┐ aer ... do teilgean cuige to let him have food, etc., Éigse ii 178.x .

(b) throwing, hurling: teilciud in bela `the throwing of the axe' (swinging ?), Ml. 112b12 . on raen rotelcthi rochuir in curaid sin ar an cloich, TTebe 952 v.l. tealgadh na dtrí sleagh, PBocht 20.11 . tealgadh .i. caitheamh, O'Cl. gai teilccthi a spear for hurling, MR 278.11 . ag tealgad graintselig ... in-a aighidh `used to cast spits ... in his face', AFM i 366.9 . e ag teilgin a cos uadha co hanordaighte (? sic leg.) (of a sick person in bed), 23 P 10, 3a3 . ag tealccan na ttonn da gach taobh de (of a huge fish), BNnÉ 72.30 . bith ga teilgin ┐ ag rith o inadh co hinad (of the air, wind), Ir. Astr. Tr. 146.25 . trénar dteilgean i slaoidteinidh, TSh. 6761 . gan clocha uaisle do theilgion a bhfiadhnuise na muc, Donlevy xi 5 . tend cend na mer anuas uirre dá tilgen cum na cneidhe (descr. of lithotomy), O'Gr. Cat. 271.10. Of the act of parturition: farlaeg (`abortive calf,' Plummer MS. notes) .i. tilgan, H 3.18, 70 ( O'Curry 106 ). In gramm. term : fertot a thelgud noe ... bentot a thelgud noe ... ni fognae a thelgud noe (of the neut. decl. deimdialt), Goid. 73 - 4 . fertot a thelgud noe .i. a telgud duine, ar is nae duine ... dia ndama nae for tir .i. duleice in duine cessad fair, teit iarum dia fothrugud din uisciu, dolece don bruch sis isin usce, tot ol in tond fae, Auraic. 1609.

(c) shooting at, hurling missiles at: gan fhear ar tí a theilgthe ... dá mbeath an t-éan san ursuinn, Aithd. D. 39.4 . fear gá tealgadh gion gur thearc (of a castle), DDána 119.11 . fuabraid ... a telgon to hurl their spears at her, Caithr. Thoirdh. 105.15 . Fedlimid ... do guin da sleig fen isa' Glaisi Latha ... ig telggud bric 'Feidlimid ... was (mortally) wounded by his own spear as he was gaffing a trout', AI 398 (s.a. 1308.5) .

(d) ejecting, spilling, shedding i tealca[d] fola, Laws v 146.3 Comm. o telccadh fola Cesair, CCath. 4559 . da mbetis na cneadha ag teilgean fola, 23 P 10, 32b2 . croch Naem Ratha Both do telcon fola tara crechtaib, Ann. Conn. 1411. 24 . telgud dēr, ACL iii 319 § 80 . can telgad der dar gruaidhibh di, D IV 2, 41d8 . is íarum gonglóisie asin derc íar telcodh a prond 'then he moved out of the hole, after letting go the contents of his belly', CMT² 48.430 .

(e) sitting (or lying) down (?): la co n-aidche cen telcud issuidiu, RC xv 490 § 21 . dērgud adūar āigthide, | ba sē telgun troch `a couch ... as it were the lying down of a doomed man,' Ériu ii 56 § 6 . sgeithis (in grian) a tortha re táeb na talman i súidhidh arís a teilginn sets (?) (` où il arrête de nouveau sa course'), RC xxiv 378.21 .

II

(a) Milit. giving hostages (?), surrendering (?), withdrawing (?): cunchis ossud ... | ri telcud no ri giallad `with hostages or with sureties,' Metr. Dinds. iv 46.48 . timnais troscad ara macaib im thelcud doib, RC xvi 148.z , v.l. Cf. fuapraid iar troscadh and sin | ... | im dail mhis ba mor in mod | ro-tinol na ro-telgon, BB 395b8 . comad leo an inis co cenn naoi ttrath fri t.¤, no gialladh, no fri tionol catha `to depart, or to submit, or to muster battle,' Leb. Gab.(i) 252.21 .

(b) In Laws in various senses: im telcun in broga feoir ... .i. do tsenbaili im Samain, Laws i 138.34 Comm. , gloss on im telgud mbroga, 124.1 , 13 (of the throwing down of temporary enclosures at Samain to admit cattle, see Plummer, Ériu x 116 f. ). dula lais i ceand catha ar telgudh a tír after throwing open their lands (for grazing) (so Plummer MS. notes), Leb. Cert. 52.1 . Of the sending of cattle to stall or pasture: talgud do cethra i mbuailaig do ceile, Laws v 466.1 . Of a debtor's failing to meet his obligations and leaving a `ráth' liable (`Hereinfallen-Lassen,' Thurn.): a telga[d] a rathachais air `seine rāth-schaft auf ihn fallen lassen' ( Bürgschaft 36 ), Laws v 348.19 Comm. Cf. telgud aitiris air, i 232.17 . Cf. also: accobra saire, na bi ar telgud do flaith aili `desire of `saer'-stock tenure, when there is no removal to another chief,' Laws ii 318.z . = `nicht um einem Herrn zu überlassen (einen andern Herrn anzunehmen),' ZCP xiv 386.

(c) thought, reflection, cogitation: sechnadh ... smuaintighidh ┐ teilgte caveant a sollicitudine, cogitatione, Rosa Angl. 116.16 . ar ndenum morain ceana do smuaintiughudh ┐ do teilgean, 23 P 10³, 53a13 . an seseadh ni noch is coir duind do teilgean the sixth thing that we should study, 60a36 . nach suidhfeadh ar tús do theilgean chúntais an chosduis to reckon the charges, Luke xiv 28 . teilgin `a decree ,' Eg. Gl. 595 . ` reasonings, decrees ,' 606 .

tot

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tot or dil.ie/43362

 

n impact of water against object: méidightear fri t.¤ tuinne Clīodhna fri carraic, ZCP xiv 404.10 . ba cosmhail ┐ t.¤ toinne for trácht gach bēim, 414.16 . ba merburba ina t.¤ murtonn in mormara re hucht alla, CCath. 5792 . t.¤ ol in tond fae, Auraic. 1612 . tout ... .i. in guth trom doni an duine oga legad for an toind, 4890 . t.¤ insma (sic leg., see Thurneysen Sc.M² p. 31 ) dāerchland ic dul | i lloc sāerchland re slonnud, Misc. Hib. p. 9.15 . t.¤ .i. tormán .i. tonn, H. 4. 18 (quoted Auraic. voc. s.v. ).

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tú or dil.ie/42137

 

Forms: síi, tú, tu, tú, túsu, tusu, tussu, tússu, tusso, tus(s)a, tusai, síi, sib, sis(s)i, sib, (s)ib-si, -se, sissi, thvsv, sib, tái, tui, sethar[si], sár, -t-, -b-, tot, tat, t, dob, dub, tob, tab, frit-, cot-, at-, add-, atd-, att-, dat, dit, dob, dub, dab, dit, nachibfel, -t-, bar, far, -at, -ut, -b, isat, isat, atabar, feartot, sóerfudut, -t, -ib, -su, -siu, indiutsiu, su, daitso, -so, -seo, détso, latso, -seo, -sa, -si, -sa, -si, -se, -si, -se, -siu, -sib, -si

pron. of 2 pers. sg.

pl. síi (later sib).

I Independent (accented) forms:

1 nom. s. tú. tu, Ml. 92a2 , 14 , 17 . In Mid. Ir. frequently and in Mod. Ir. regularly with lenited -t- when used as object of verb or with copula (except when lenition phonetically impossible, e.g. after -s- and -n-), see below. With emphasising pron.: tú su, Ml. 92a17 . túsu, PCr. 2a2 . tusu, Ml. 78b18 . PH 2926 . TTebe 677 . In O.Ir. usually tussu. tússu, SR 1788 . tusso, Sc.M² 15 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. tus(s)a. tusai, IT i 120.22 . pl. síi, Wb. 25a3 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. sib (ib) (orig. form with emph. pron.). With emph. pron.: O.Ir. sis(s)i. sib, Wb. 19c20 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. (s)ib-si, -se.

(a) Immediately following 3 s. cop. in sentences containing a substantive: is sissi in tempul sin, Wb. 8d7 . is sissi ind idbart, 23c32 . is tú mo ruiri, Fél. Prol. 14 . ni thu Issau semnach na slóg, | acht is tú int-engach Iacób, SR 2875 - 6 . is tú láech na cernd, LU 8135 ( FB 10 ). iss tu ri side nErinn, RC iii 345.5 . in tu-sa rig na n-Iúdaide ? PH 3247 . masa thú ... | gilla ind fir, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). a Fhir diad masa thú `wenn du es bist,' TBC-LL¹ 3659 . masa thusa sin, TTebe 4723 . is tusa ben is annsa lium-sa, Stair Erc. 2284 . With omission of copula: sib cuaine in da conclann, Irish Texts ii 34 § 26.

(b) With follg. relative clause: bad sissi coneit, Wb. 6c1 . co mbad sissi do berad teist dimsa, 18a3 . it sib ata chomarpi abracham, 19c20 . is sísi nobcrete `it is ye who used to be believed,' Ml. 46a13 . ní tú duindnaig són, 59c11 . Note also the following glosses, where the construction is not completed in the Irish, but is to be understood from the Latin : cani tú féin gl. quis enim té discernit? `is it not thou thyself?' Wb. 8d27 . tacco is síi gl. nonne uos ante Dominum ... estis in aduentu eius ? 25a3 . ni tussu thóenur ci atbere gl. (Domine ... ego relictus sum solus, et quaerunt animam meam. Sed quid dicit illi divinum responsum ?) Reliqui mihi septem milia virorum, qui non curvaverunt genua ante Bachal, 5a28 . is tú gl. (auxilium nobis festinus impertiri) benignus (praeueni), Ml. 100d11 . is tussu gl. tú (, inquit, consulatus es), 106d2a . is tú gl. (horum ... omnium) memor (... consurge), 137a3 . See Thurneysen, ZCP xvi 276 , and (e) below. Cf. also: cid as mó miscais lat atchí ? ... Tussu am, IT i 81.18 . is tu doróachtamar, TBFr. 159 . cía so thú dodeochaid im dáil, LU 10768 . is sib tanic, PH 1712 . an tú bhíodh ... ? más ibh, DDána 68.2 . Copula omitted: do chomdelbaid, a mo ri, | tú doru[a]ssat do nephni, SR 2174 . tu fodera a fail de, TBC-LL¹ 3675 . tū bus ben dō, ML² 552.

(c) In interrogative sentences with cía, cóich: cia tussu díxnigedar ? `who art thou ?' Wb. 4c24 . cia thu ?, PH 654 . cia tussu ?, TBC-LL¹ 927 . cia sibh-si féin ?, ML² 1417 . coich thussu ?, LU 3328 ( SCC 12 ). TBC-LL¹ 1413 . Note also: cid bé cia thú, TTebe 4721 .

(d) In Mid. and Mod. Ir. at end of sentence where a noun or adj. follows 3 s. cop. (replacing the O.Ir. personal forms of cop.): bid marb tu-ssa, PH 298 . co n-id mog De thú, 510 . comad buidni ... sib, TTebe 2144 . ní soileagtha thú tairsibh, TD 2.18 . in budh geall ... dam-sa sib ?, ML² 1421 . is firindech ... tú fein, Stair Erc. 1822 . Cf. an dibh tusa ?, 1845 . With omission of copula: ingrentig ... tu-sa, PH 1750 . cáor do mhíanach Ádhaimh ibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1594 . meic da Niall ibh, Irish Texts ii 34 § 26 . Supplementing second pers. of cop.: is-at glana sib, PH 5263.

(e) In absolute constructions. With os (later ┐. See 2 ocus and 2 os): cid os tú, a dé `even Thou, O God' gl. ipse, Ml. 43a18 . os tu gl. prosequutor, 92a2 . os tu, a dáe gl. arbiter, 92a14 . os tú gl. tute, tutemet, Sg. 201b20 - 21 . See also under (b) above. ┐ tu hi t'ebraige, PH 81 . ┐ sib dóine, 5785 . ┐ tú fein ... ar imgabail do brathar, TTebe 4375 . ┐ tú gan chloidhem, TBC-LL¹ p. 415 n. 3 . Note also: 'sgan tú reimhe id ridire, TD 1.32 . In phr. mad tú (lit. if it be thou ) as part of the subject (you and I) of a verb in 1 pl.: dia ndernam mád tú caratrad if you and I form a friendship, LU 10918 . See KZ xlviii 51 . With poss. adj.: cid ar muinterni mattú gl. [discant] autem et nostri `even our household as well as thou,' Wb. 31d16 . Emphasising the subject of a following verb: cid sisi dano ronfitid ni `that even you also know us,' Wb. 15c28 . ┐ tussu a daltáin, cid am gena dana?, TBC-LL¹ 555 . With impv.: tusa atá it chodladh, éirigh, TSh. 1696 . With foll. prep.: sib-si din, do génntib dúib, PH 1706 . tusa didiu curfed-sa ceist fort, Stair Erc. 1307 . Various: sissi in Domino gl. ego confido in uobis in Domino, Wb. 20b3 . sissi iarum `ye afterwards,' 21c5 . tú ar toil cháigh, TD 1.55 .

(f) In comparative sentences of various types: ní cumme et tuss[u], Wb. 6b25 . ni cumme et sissi, 14a30 . ní laugi a bríig less quam tú `He cares for him not less than for thee,' 6b12 . amal tu, PH 158 . amal tussu, IT i 72.z . mar túsa, ni triath mar tú, 163.4 . caradrad fhir mar thusu, TTebe 67 7. madh treise é na thú, Stair Erc. 2317 . oireacht mar ibh, DDána 71.22 . iná ibh `lochtach,' Gloss.

(g) After acht: ní con fil nach naile ... duindainsed dam inna hulise acht tusu tóinur a dáe, Ml. 78b18 . co nach bfuilmíd re fáth ngluinn | acht misi ┐ tusa, a Chonaill, ML² 939.

(h) In Mid. and Mod. Ir. with 3 s. of active verbs replacing the O.Ir. second pers. forms: in fhacca tu-sa ? PH 2707 . da lecea tú, 2815 . in tabair sib ?, 2906 . rafider tusa, TTebe 1348 . co buigbed sibsi, 2180 . biaidh tú, TD 1.26 . do fhágaibh tú, TSh. 5630.

2 Emphatic form as voc.: a thvsv ` O thou ,' literal transl. of Lat. o mea tu, Sg. 204b6 .

3 In Mid. and Mod. Ir. as acc. after trans. vbs., replacing O.Ir. inf. pron.: conná fostba sib , LU 5871 . tanairsed in fer ... sibsi, 7483 . ro charas tusai, IT i 120.22 . guidim ... sib-se, PH 1978 . sealbhuighim sibh, Studies 1919, 440 § 14 . ní threicfe sé thú, Stair Erc. 2290 . ní aithnim thú, TSh. 6404 . cia ... do chuir air an tsaoghal thú ?, Donlevy 8.6 . do lenus ... ibh, Aisl. Tond. 96.4 . Supplementing inf. pron.: ro-t-millis tú fén ┐ ro-t-millis sin-ne uli, PH 3930 . ni hed no-bar-furgfe sib, TBC-LL¹ 2091 (leg. -si ?).

4 In Mid. and Mod. Ir. replacing O.Ir. inf. pron. with passive (impersonal) verbs: ni herfaider ... sibsi, LU 1571 . piannfaither thú, PH 296 . do-rigned tu-sa, 2659 . leigfigther tú fein as mar tai, TTebe 4028 . do fag[bhadh ?] ... tú, Stair Erc. 2433.

5 With verbal noun: togu damsa anísin túsu ind sainriud dia nertad sech cách, PCr. 2a2 . in fīr ... tusso do rainn na-mmuicce ?, Sc.M² 15 . ní co ndeine tú fén do ícc, PH 3337 . is lor lindi ... thussu d' [fh]ortacht, TTebe 1771 . is docuir lium sib fein do leigin as, Stair Erc. 1421 . is edh is ail lium tusa ... do thabhairt, 1920 . ní fiú mise, thusa ... do theacht chugam, Donlevy 256.19 .

6 gen. s.: nī nad bī tái (sic leg.), Corm. Y 532 . is and nad bí muí na taí, LU 10848 = tui `there, is neither mine nor thine,' Ériu xii 180.15 . pl. sethar[si] gl. uestram, Wb. 1b2 . hi cill indala sar (prob. leg. sár, GOI p. 279 ) `in the church of one of the twain of you,' Trip. 158.8 . ra nechtar fathar, IT i 336.13 (Eg.) = nechtar dé, 292.4 . bid liath cechtar fathar do inchinn a cheile uaibh each of you, BNnÉ 303.16 . For unaccented forms used as poss. adj. see 2 do, 1 t, 2 t, 1 for.

Of the second person singular of verbs: ó indscni thú, IGT Verbs § 1.

II Infixed forms. In O. Ir. and early Mid. Ir. used to express the acc. (also occas. dat.) with active, and (also occas. dat.), with passive verbs, see GOI § 409 , KZ xlviii 48.50 . In later Mid. Ir. the infixed form gradually falls into disuse, giving way to the independent. See Ó Catháin, ZCP xix 1 ff. , Strachan, Ériu i 153 ff.

(a) O. Ir. forms.

(i) After ro, no, do, di, fo, ar, im(m), ní: s. -t- (leniting). pl. -b- (occas. -f- before vowels).

(ii) After etar, for, frith, con: s. tot , tat, t (leniting). pl. dob, dub, tob (tof), tab. In this case the finals of frith and con are assimilated to the inf. pron. giving frit-, cot-; the preverbs ad-, aith-, ess-, in-, oss- here fall together as at- (ad-, add-, atd-, att-).

(iii) In rel. clauses and after dia n- ` if ,' ara `that,' co n- `so that,' and the interrogative in: s. dat, dit (leniting). pl. dob, dub (dib), dab.

After nach, nách (from na, ná, nád) the forms are the same as in (iii) without the preceding dental. For full collections of inf. pron. in O.Ir. Glosses see Sommer, ZCP i 177 ff.

(b) Exx. of inf. pron. in dat. sense: nítta ní indit móide `thou hast nothing for thee to boast in,' Wb. 2b12 . rotbia less lóg do daggníma, 6a11 . robbia indocbál, 13d32 . ind indocbál nobtá in futuro, 14c16 . tresindippiat fochricci, 25d8 . rot-bia són, Sc.M² 12 . rot bía-su aní sin, IT i 120.30 . níp-thá cumac dó, MU² 948 . níbat écen, 1037 . bethib sūirsi lim-sa, ZCP viii 316.5 . Cf. dot-luid `thou camest,' Sc.M² 13 (Thurn. compares co ṅdechaid a altaib dō, TBC-I¹ 2995 ). But with fil the pron. is acc.: nachibfel ` ye are not ,' Wb. 3b19 . condibfeil i corp crist `so that ye are,' 24c4 . ma nudubfeil `if ye are,' 19c20 . uair nachat filsiu since thou art not, LU 8823.

(c) Later treatment of inf. pron.: on ló rodattuistigad since the day thou wert created, SR 1780 . tria báes nach dotromarbus, 1908 . inab-testa-si tesbuid a hEmuin ?, IT i 144.19 . The usual form of the sing. in Mid. Ir. is -t-. In pl. the form bar of the poss. adj. commonly replaces the O. Ir. form: forbia log far n-imarbos, SR 1448 . no-bormairfither, IT i 75.3 . iss me ro-bur-fucc, 139.21 . ni hed no-bar-furgfe-sib, TBC-LL¹ 2090 . ro-bar-saebad-si, PH 984 . ro-farcruthaigfe, 6617 . robarbia fálti, LL 333a33 . See also Éigse ii 117 ff.

III Suffixed forms with vb.: s. -at, -ut, pl. -b. With cop. in dat. sense (treated as infixed forms by GOI § 427 ): isat dílmainsiu `it is free to Thee,' Ml. 55d21 . níb écen lóg, Wb. 16e17 . uair atabair ecen, LU 8097 (see Ériu i 160 ). Hence the later second pers. forms of copula isat, atabar, see 1 is.

With subst. vb. tathut cenn céit míle, Fél. July 24 . tāthut airle lim-sa, Sc.M² 3 (4.11) . tathut fáelte `thou art welcome,' SCC 10 . With other vbs. in acc. sense: nóithut búaid ngoire `verherrlicht dich,' ZCP xi 80.11 . feartot it serves thee, Auraic. 1619 (cf. ZCP xvii 293 ). sóerfudut, LU 6322.

IV Suffixed forms with prepp.: s. -t, pl. -ib; see under the several prepositions.

V As emphasising pron., s. -su (leniting, GOI p. 146 . See Thes. i 91 n. g ), after palatals -siu (cf. also indiutsiu, Ml. 107a15 . deit su , 129d22 . daitso, LU 10785 ). Also -so, -seo (occas. in Glosses, more frequ. in Mid. Ir.): détso, Wb. 6c7 . latso, 12d20 , 16b11 . asṁbir so ... ní sluindi so ... duit so, Sg. 208b5 . bia-so, IT i 81.19 . do menma-so, Sc.M² 3 . -seo, LU 8776 , 10745 , PH 1563 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. -sa, -si (-se): -sa, PH 2231 . ML² 497 . -si, IT i 139.23 . PH 693 . Stair Erc. 681 . -se, PH 6564 . TSh. 284 . Note also let-sae, IT i 122.13 . i t-agaidsea, PH 8194 . pl. -si. Later also -se, LU 9205 , PH 595 , TSh. 292 . In PH somet. -siu, PH 624 , 2537 . ? -sib, TBC-LL¹ 2091 (indep. form ? Or leg. -si ?).

(a) Added to independent form of pron., see I above.

(b) To subst. prec. by poss. adj.: do degnimu su, Ml. 43b15 . do thimnae siu, 46c4 . frit adrad su, 136c11 . fort láimsiu, Fél. Prol. 273 . dot acallaimsiu, LU 3339 . d'fhearg-sa, Donlevy 256.22 . for nindassi, Wb. 7d17 . dar far cennsi, 16d8 . for nancridesi, Ml. 115b13 . da bar n-athair-si, PH 2259 . da bar maithib-si, ML² 1105.

(c) To pred. of cop. in 2 pers.: air it firiansu, Ml. 55d11 . isat dílmainsiu, 55d21 . isatt ailsiu damsa I desire thee, LU 3919 . at mallachda-su, PH 2328 . nídad ferrsi, Wb. 8c7 . adib cretmigsi, 15a8 . hore adib foirbthisi, 16a28 . adib dessimrecht si, 25d8 . With omission of cop.: fáiltisi `ye are joyous,' 24c13 .

(d) Emphasising subj. of vb. used in 2 pers.: dunecomnachtsu, Ml. 56a18 . asṁbir siu, Sg. 208b5 . i ṁbísiu, Fél. Prol. 274 . fégsu, LU 3885 . benfa-sa, ML² 511 . do-rigni[s]-si, PH 2708 . do-gebhair-si, Stair Erc. 681 . atasamlibid si, Wb. 5a13 . ní biedsi, 9b17 . décid-si, MU² 946 . anda thaisi (=in-dáthe-si), RC iii 345.5 . cia r-élnebair-si, PH 4530 . gabhaidh-si, Donlevy xiii 19.

(e) Added to verbal forms containing inf. pron. of 2 pers.: nutsoesiu, Ml. 112b6 . dundatresiu `to strip thee,' 133a14 . nachat filsiu, LU 8823 . ro-t-gaired-su, PH 1791 . is-at gliccu-sa, 4135 . nobsóirfasi dia, Wb. 11b4 . nachiberpidsi, 22d6 . robcarsi tiamthe, 23d4 . codobemthar si, Ml. 53b15 . ro-bar-saebad-si, PH 985.

(f) To prepp. with suff. pron. of 2 pers., see the several prepp.

2 túath-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 túath- or dil.ie/42242
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj (túaid). In compds. northern; left, on the left; perverse, wicked, evil . See Loth, RC xxxiii 254 ff. , xliii 162 . ¤áird the northern point (of the compass): ar tren-cheathaib tuathairdi, MR 236.21 . ¤balad offensive smell: re tuathbhaladh searbh na seannama saobhair sin, Ó Bruad. i 206.y . ¤bann evil move: do airchelad tre thóathbanda, Echtrae Chonnlai 122 § 6 . ¤banglór: tuath-bhan-glór tasc-labartha `perverse woman-like talk,' MR 294.21 . ¤bert evil deed: na h-amainsi ... tucais ar Ulltaib ... do'n tuaith-bert gus trasta `by such a perverse deed,' MR 202.7 . ¤bertach evil-doing, fierce: ticcri trena tuath-bertaigh, BNnÉ 99.17 . As subst.: is baoth an earraoid mearaidhe an tuaithbheartaigh (of the flesh), Hackett xxv 16 . ? ¤buillech: co torchar de isin cath | Muighe tuathbuillig Tuireth, Anecd. ii 66.6 v.l. (-buille, text). ¤chaech blind of the left eye; having an evil eye CMCS xliii 1-24 : fer tuadcháech co súil millethaig, LU 7843 . Nár Túathcáech, 7846 = Cóir Anm. 106 v.l. na teora ammiti túathchaecha, RC iii 176.15 . do-rinne sé hamaidedh taoi tuathchaocha dhíobh, Comp. CC 72.17 ; cf. 73.20 . evil-eyed. See O'Rahilly, EIHM 122 n. 5 , Borsje, CMCS xliii 13-14 . ¤chlíar perverse company, evil-living clergy: do thuaithchliaraibh tura tearc-mhúinte, TSh. 2291 . gáir chaillech as chloinne as céol don tuaichléir (describing loose lives of reformed clergy), Mac Aingil 370.9 . ¤choirpthech perverse and wicked: an tamadán trúagh túaithchoiripthech sin, Ériu v 166.37 . ? ¤chuird: in fer talchair can tuadchuird, LL 212a18 . O'Cl. takes as= túaithcherd: tuathchuird .i. tuathcheird .i. ceird thúathamhail, no dráoidheachta. ¤chur = túaithbel? lodar tuathcur n-Ereand tar Febhul tar Eas Ruaidh, BB 394b49 . ¤dall blind of the left eye (?): Tadhg tuadhall Ó Huiginn ` half-blind (?),' TD 43.2 . ¤druim on the left (north ?) of the stem (of the Ogam letters h, d, t, c, q): tuaithdruim .i. don leith atuaidh din druim bis aicme uatha, Auraic. 987 . ¤geinte the good folk, fairies, elves: tuathgenti .i. aes án no sithcaire, ut est coneperar bidh é ro erpa dia imcomett ar thuathgentib .i. arna gentib impadhas tuaithbil na sidhaighi, O'Dav. 1600. ¤gerrtha badly mangled: gur 'bo toi tuaith-gerrtha iat, Lism. L. 2974 . ¤gorm: hi Tebtha tuathguirm tuaisceirt, BB 267b22 ( Leb. Cert. 10.12 ). ¤les evil-speaking, slandering calumny: fear tuaithliosa, L. Cl. A. B. 288.3 . ar dtuaithleas leó má fíorthar if their slandering of us should come true, Dánta Gr. 74.30 . ionnus go ndeárnadh tuaithleas ... air ris an rígh, annsacht ... do bheith aige do'n bhainríoghan, Eochairsg. 114.15 . gach ar labhair an fáidh tré fhios | na meabhair atáid gan tuath-lios, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 91 § 15 . ¤mael: augra in dá túathmaíl bald, shaven on the left side (?), LU 8022 , BDD p. 163 . Perh. for tot- or tuidmael, see TBC-LL¹ p. 612 and 1 tuid. ¤maíle: tuad maeille fair .i. folt slim no tiud, no cas, O'Curry 1297 ( H 3.18, 539a ). tuadhmhaoile .i. monga don táobh bhudh tuaidh. Tuadh-mháoile forra .i. a monga don táobh budh thuaidh orra. tuadhmhaoile fair .i. folt slim, nó tiugh, nó cas, O'Cl. See prec. ¤mer fierce, furious: amal da tharb trena thuathmeara, TTebe 211 . ? ¤ramut: tennis in tuaím tuathramut, BB 380b12 . ¤rébtha badly mangled: trochbuidne taeb-tolla tuath-rebta (of worsted troops), Celt. Rev. iv 14.25 . guroba tuathrébtha na táth-lecca tuinighthi dona teilgthib sin, Comp. CC 106.6 . ? ¤tacartha: ad-mestar īarn assa thoichib tūathtacarthaib, ZCP xi 94 § 39.

ucht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ucht or dil.ie/42871
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ucht, hucht, ucht, uchtard

n u, n. (see: ucht n-osnae, Corm. Y 1275 cited below), later m., IGT, Decl. § 72 . clíath, ochd, brothlach, brollach, Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 122 ).

I

(a) breast, bosom : nad ndechuid a ernaigde huadsom dochum nDae acht duintarrae inna ucht fesin iterum, Ml. 54d3 . tinnagat ní ass a n-ucht di mainib, 93a20 . hua hucht (gl. gremio), 93a22 . i n-ucht nach aili, Acr. 27b1 ( Thes. ii 8 ). ba harddidir ucht Aroin (sc. principal altar of Temple), SR 4268 . a slucud in oenḟecht ... dar loiṅg a ochta, TBC-LL¹ 1023 . delgi órdai ecorthi ós ochtaib dóib, 183 . clais ochta `the hollow of the breast' (i.e. one of the twelve doors of the soul), Laws v 363 note d. ro-buail a ucht co humal (sc. the Publican), PH 8055 . caidhe an t-ucht ..., A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 5 . fa hé [a] ionad a huicht-se | Spiorad Dé ar a diadhaicht-se, DDána 9.6 . do ráidh an macaomh amuigh | 's a ucht uadh ar an ursuin leaning on , L. Cl. A. B. 62.86 . ucht ar in luirg leaning on the staff , Feis Tighe Chonáin 317 . do léig a ucht ar a dhéis, go ndeachaidh thríd fell on his sword (of Saul), TSh. 2457 . tabradh cro[i]s Crīst dar a hucht, ZCP vi 270 § 15 . iadais a ucht umpu sin, ACL iii 244 § 8 . aicíd an uchta, Corp. Astron. 52 § 9 . atá taobh t'ochta mar aol, A. Ó Dálaigh xxii 4 . líntar ar n-ochta dhúin de, IGT, Decl. ex. 1613 . ochta na n-ánradh, ML² 1729 . do līnatar a n-ochta dā n-anālaib, 379 . gur luigheadur ar ochtaibh ... ban ┐ fear (sc. birds), Feis Tighe Chonáin. 1768 . Cf. ML² 1739 . ? mar guin ernbais i n-ochtaibh , Leb. Gab.(i) i 104.15 . bean hochta wife of thy bosom , Deuteronomy xiii 6 . of Christ's wounded side : maith dún ḟuil an ochta, A. Ó Dálaigh iv 5 . dá dtí tuile i n-áth an ochta | ar sgáth Mhuire is dolta dhúinn, DDána 31.27 . Attrib. gen.: (fig. of a harp) a mhionn ochta na n-airdríogh `breast-jewel,' Studies 1923, 274.6 . idir dhá fhaobhar an éididh chúil ┐ an éididh ochta `chest-armour,' ITS xxiv 120.35 . breast-work (Arch.): drochta dogníd dia ingin | ós gním ochta (v.l. ochtga) aird-inbir, Metr. Dinds. ii 58.10 ( LL 216b46 ). in caisslēn ochta `the breastworks,' Fl. Earls 78.33 . a ttighi a mhuir ┐ a thairimtheachta gan an caislēn ochta do chomhairem, 68.9 . in sense of dear, beloved (cf. bosom friend): rob mac ochta aireachta | cach mac buan dod 'bhroindḟine `the darling of the assembly,' Leb. Cert. 194.11 . Cf. BB 277b31 . mo dhá mhac áilne ochta, Keat. Poems 1077 . In bardic poetry: of Christ: mo mhac ochta ┐ anma, Ir. Monthly 1920, 374.30 . foráil do mhac ochta oirn, Dán Dé iii 21 . a Mheic ochta ógh-Mhuire, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 8 . Mac ochta Dé, ZCP x 28.24 . Of the Blessed Trinity: trí meic ochta na hóighe, DDána 9.9 . Of John the Evangelist: níor dhocra lat iná lais | a mhac ochta 'n-a éagmhais, Dán Dé i 14 . Of St. Colum Cille: mac octa do ri nime ┐ talman, BCC § 25 . fíonúir ochta na gConallach séadach (fig. of a warrior), O'Rah. xxvi 31 . Here perh. belong: Niall fa hóige don fheadhoin | ... | gé do ríoghadh rompo so | ríodhamh ochta na hEórpa, L. Cl. A. B. 173.40 . súi dian sosad sil ochta (?) LL 37c23 ( Auraic. 5310 . ZCP xvii 292 ). Transf. of a place: is é mac ochta na n-airdtreabh, TD 34.28 .

Cf. secht m̅c̅ ochta cona fotha d'iasc ┐ di enaib ┐ lubib ┐ ilmblasaib, IT ii 173.8 ( YBL 114b14 ).

(b) bosom; lap : éirghis as a hucht do léim | an leanbh `from her arms,' A. Ó Dálaigh 50.33 . oc tarraing a méic asa hucht don ḟeoldenmaid, Todd Lect. vi 82 . Cf. TD 13.39 , 46 , and exx. given below under i n-ucht. gur bhat lána a nochta dona cnoibh `laps,' BNnÉ i 14 § 19 . ar ghlúin 's ar ucht Ch.C. | ... do bhí an chúi-sin 'na coiléan, Ir. Monthly 1929, 107.7 . do teilgeadh an crannchar annsa n-ucht into the lap , Proverbs xvi 33 .

i n-ucht (a) in, at, on the bosom or breast of, in (to) the arms of, in (to) the lap of, on (to) the knees of: a cend i n-ucht P. ┐ a coss i n-ucht Mo Chae, Trip.² 425 . a cheann i n-ucht Eirce, Ir. Monthly 1920, 423.11 . gur chuir a cheann 'na hucht, TSh. 9304 . docoras casal di nim i nn-ucht P., Trip.² 1228 . nos gaibseom cech óenliathróit ina ucht, LU 4877 . damberat i n-ucht Conchobair, 5018 . ro boí íarom in móethóclach ina chotlud ┐ a chossa i n-ucht indala fir ┐ a chend in n-ucht araile, LU 7429 ( BDD 101 ). baili i fil in trícha cét gaibthi cach fear a ucht i n-ucht, BDD (Y) 105 . dobretha som a chend i n-ucht a shenathar (a form of submission) CRR 53 ( LL 177b33 ). mac na hucht gá ionghuire `being nursed at her bosom,' A. Ó Dálaigh 50.25 . itc[h]onairc Muiri ┐ a mac in a hucht ┐ si oc tabairt a ciche do, Todd Lect. vi 49 . cur ling i n-ucht Uilix, ┐ co ro lig a gnúis (of a dog), Mer. Uil. 292 . fuaratar in mac i n-ucht a máthar (sc. the Shepherds), PH 7076 . a hathair i n-ucht Mhuire | athaidh i gcurp cholluidhe, DDána 9.4 . ingen do Chathair Mór ... ina hucht, (of a foster child), LL 270a49 ( RC xxv 20 § 2 ). ni raibhe mac i nucht, na inghen ar altrom `in arms,' ZCP x 6.29 . gabaid Muiri a mac in a hucht iarsin, Todd Lect. vi 49 . is é (sc. Christ) tic ..., ┐ ro-n-gabus-[s]a fén a m-ucht in tan ro-po náidiu i tempul S., PH 3790 . an leanbh óg 'na hucht féin | gabhais bean Ḟ. ainn-séin, DDána 67.24 . ar muin eich ... ┐ guna ... trasda na ucht ar a bhelaimh `across his lap', Rel. Celt. ii 198.21 . tair ar chuairt sonn, suidh im ucht, DDána 67.31 . In this sense common in fig. expressions (see also III): do cuireadh clódh a teadhma | uaibhsi a n-ucht na cinneamhna `the conquest of her disease has been put from thee into the lap of fate,' Studies 1921, 75.17 . meinic ráinig riamh sinne | leagadh seóil, sníomh intinne | fan lucht do badh doiligh dhúin | da n-oidhidh i n-ucht fhortúin in the lap of Fortune , L. Cl. A. B. 211.16 . u.¤ Abrahaim Abraham's bosom (Scriptural): na huli noemu ┐ fírenu, batar i n-ucht Abrahaim a n-iffern, PH 3877 . tárrla gur iomchradhar na haingail gu huchd Abrahám hé, Luke xvi 22 . i n-ucht eclaisi Dé `in the bosom of,' Rule of Tallaght § 65 . in the company of: bith do i nucht ┐ i lar a decepol, Laws iv 356.1 . caoicidhis lán do anatar na maithe sin uile ina ucht, Ériu iv 61.3 . in the care of, under the protection of: acht go ndernait mo réir, ┐ go n-anait im ucht `if only they ... remain in submission to me (i.e. in my community, following my rule? ), BNnÉ. 233 § 150 . depending on: ceann m'aradhna a Íosa ar t'iocht | díorghadh don anamsa it ucht, Studies 1933, 140 § 9 . caora sinn dá bhar seilbh féin | do chuir tú i gcró idir chuainmhéir | a gcumhdach ar-aon it ocht | saor ó chumhgach na gcuanort `to save her and the fold depends on Thee,' Studies 1931, 80 § 2 . Cf. a bhfágbháil go hiomlán air ucht an easboig `to commit them to the bishop,' Donlevy 338.15 . cuirid i n-u.¤ : m'anim i n-ucht Crīst cuirim, ZCP vi 266 § 27 . geall cháigh 'na ucht dob ionchuir | do lucht tiomchuil Chláir Chobhthaigh, TD 10.3 . ó táid bhar sochair uile | dá gcor i n-ucht aon-duine, `are attributed by you to one man alone,' Content. vi 187 . an té ... chuires a chomhairle a n-ucht dhuine agá mbiadh cunnradh risan ndiabhal, Ó Héodhusa 135.15 . téit, do-icc, etc. i n-u.¤ : takes refuge with, seeks the protection of: rothindscan techt i n-ucht a muintere feisin (of a retreating warrior) TTr.² 1191 . robris chnāim a dromma ríasiu thísad i n-u.¤ a muintere, 1195 . do chuaidh i n-ucht uí Dhomhnaill `fled to O'D. for protection,' AFM iii 284.12 . do chuaid Donn Occ aris ... a n-ucht Aeda h. Neill, Ann. Conn. 1225 § 25 ( ALC i 288 = do saighidh AFM iii 234 ). cor dichursed T. a Condachtaib ... co ndechaid a n-ucht Gall aris Ann. Conn. 1250 § 2 (= FM ALC). gá dás dóibh gan dol 'na ucht, TD 9.48 . Peadar ... | dlighthear dhúin dul ina ucht | do shúil re brugh na mbeannocht, Studies 1920, 569.26 .

(c) the breast of an animal : budh lé hAáron ... an t-ucht, Levit. vii 31 . tuighe ... | in gach colcoigh ... | 'ga béin d'ochtoibh eunloithe, L. Cl. A. B., 184.108 . As name of a hound viz. Ucht Ard: rus leig a dhi choin ba garg | Ucht Ard ┐ in Ferb sheng, Duan. F. i 75z .

(d) ucht n-osnae: ucht n-osnae (v.l. u.¤ osnae) .i. u.¤ osmenta ... In baile didiu inditscrūta, is dó is nomen ucht n-ossnae (v.l. u.¤ osnae), Corm. Y 1275 . Cf. n-ucht n-osnai `into the breast of poetic revision,' RC xxvi 26 .

II Transf. and fig.:

(a) as epithet: a ucht solus, `O bright bosom ' TD 2.17 . a ucht glan, DDána 67.30 . a ucht bhog, Ir. Monthly 1919, 284.13 . geall gach oide ga ucht slim, Content. xviii 108 n. innis uaimsi dá ucht slim | an ceó tuirrsi atá ar m'inntinn, Studies 1918, 452.3 . a lán san leath so i bhus | d'ollamhnaibh 'má ucht sholas, Ir. Monthly 1919, 2.8 .

(b) applied to various other parts of the body; the palm of the hand : .i. do ucht na dernainde `to the breast of the palm' (gl. pectusculum), Gild. Lor. 202 . of the elbow : ucht rigi `the bend of the elbow' (i.e. one of the twelve doors of the soul), Laws v 363 n. d . Of the finger : budh iomdha le moltaibh fáidh fán bhfionn-urlár | 's gáir bionnorghán le hochtaibh imeil-mhéar `many ... the melody of sweet harps as finger-ends press them,' Ir. Monthly 1920, 650.13 = DDána 70.13 . Cf. cuir le suil th'ordoige 'na inadh é, YBL 349a41 .

(c) the bosom of a garment : ni du ucht etaig asbeir heremias inso (gl. non de uestimento), Ml. 54d4 . a nāe mbennachta ar in bhoin | tucsat dō a n-ucht a ēdaig, ACL iii 244 § 7 . Cf. mor a n-ucht aibhsech a luirigh | lorc an ghai nach gabhdais uird, Irish Texts ii 72.31 .

(d) Metaph. of the air, clouds : ar ochtaibh áilne an aieóir, L. Cl. A. B. 180.4 . Cf. a hinnibh an aieoir, Ir. Monthly 1920, 266.48 . do hosgladh ós ochtaibh néll | doirse uisgidhe an aiér, Studies 1921, 418 = O'Gr. Cat. 451 .

(e) the interior of a vessel : dabuch d[e]argiubair mōr lucht, (v.l. dabach d'arccat mór a lucht) | slōg ōss a ucht cen nach socht, ZCP viii 108.15 . Cf. dabhuch a raib[h]e édon, BCC § 158 .

(f) the prow of a ship : uchta ┐ airbrunni na liburni, LL 235b28 ( TTr. 1389 ). sáir ic certugud chlár ri ochtaib ethar, LL 236a26 ( TTr. 1426 ).

(g) applied to various surfaces analogous in shape to human breast viz. breast of a hill , etc.: ochta a beann, Measgra D. 140 . ar ndul co hucht mór os cenn an baile doibh `a great eminence,' L. Chl. S. § 27 . ní fhuil druim ..., | feadh nó sruth nó ucht dá áirde | ... nachar thriallas d'iarraidh m'fhir pháirte mountain-side , Keat. Poems 450 . gusin n-ucht ac Beind Étair, Acall. 5658 . Cf. Meallach liom bheith i n-ucht oiléin | ar beinn cairrge, Measgra D. 120 . Of places: conrici hUcht noi n-Omne, Trip. 338 = Thes. ii 238 . i n-ucht Cláraigh `on C.'s slope,' Ir. Monthly 1919, 167.7 . ar uchtaib anfosta `on inhospitable heights, Ériu viii 8.12 ochta sliab `the mountains' breasts,' O'Gr. Cat. 459.10 . fil sliabh ... isin crich sin, ┐ glenn aluinn fria a ucht `on its bosom,' Marco P. 15 (cf. fri hu. under III below). bloisgbhéim buinne dílionn do ucht airdṡléibhe, BS § 65 . Cf. i ccígibh cnoc, 884 . See also i n-u. below under III (g).

(h) a gulf or bay : sinus .i. ucht, Sg. 108b1 . co P. a nucht Aráibecda a muir R. anair ┐ in t-ucht Arcaidecda a muir Th. aniar sin, LB 142a11 - 12 . o muir Thorrian cusin ucht Persecdai, 150b2 .

(i) various other applications: tír ... co bhfasach bhfada fria huct, `in the midst thereof' Marco P. 101 . a n-ochtuibh all, 120.36 . tar ochtaib glinde, Acall. 5655 . 'sé a hochtuibh oilén ngoirmshreabh | ag rochtain oilén n-iongnadh, L. Cl. A. B. 91.113 .

(j) In proverbial and other expressions denoting to face, front etc.: dabad ucht ar indber lán | damsa guth ar géig n-Imghán, it were facing a full estuary , Ériu iv 220 § 29 . is ucht ra mór-dilind (prov. of a hopeless task), CRR 40 ( LL 176b14 ). troigh re teann, ucht re hanaoibh, L. Cl. A. B. 271.94 . cuirfidh a luchd a Luing Clíach | budh ucht ar íath cCuinn a chríoch, IGT, Decl. ex. 1774 . ní fiú mé re méad mo chean | ucht ort a chuirp an Choimdheadh `to approach Thee,' Dán Dé xviii 9 ( YBL 392b ). Cf. bar n-ucht aráon ar olaidh, IGT, Decl. ex. 233 . do-beir u.¤ ar approaches, faces, advances towards, sets out for: tabhair ucht ar Achadh Ír `face,' SGS iv 140.8 . dá dtug Mág Uidhir a ucht | ar Fhád Fuinidh dá bhfurtocht `set forth for' Ir. Monthly 1926, 472.13 . go dtugadar ucht ar an gcaolmhuir `they made for,' Keat. ii 528 . an chéad threabh thug ucht rómpa ar an mhuir, Eochairsg. 88.5 . attacks : tugadar u.¤ ar an dún, Keat. ii 3455 . tucadur u.¤ arna cristaidibh `opposed,' Fier. 68 . doberuit u.¤ ar B. cona ṡlógaib, Marco P. 113 . sets about, begins (to): tugadar u.¤ ar Laighnibh do lot ar dtús `they set to plunder,' Keat. ii 6338 . tabhair u.¤ ar ar na haithrighe, TSh. 6940 . Cf. 10523 , 9774 . mór loitir fa lucht an chruidh (v.l. chruib) | ucht ar thoicib ná tabair do not set about [accumulating] riches , IGT, Decl. ex. 174 . cuirid u.¤ ar approaches, faces : (Metaph.) cliar ... do chuir druim re Dia, ┐ ucht ar imreas, Eochairsg. 22.26 . tairre is cuir th'ucht ar Mac Muire (to St. Patrick), Dán Dé xii 9 ( YBL 370b ). cungnamh le mh'anmain don Aird-rígh | uchd do chor ar an gcroich ndeirg, Dán Dé xxxi 15 .

(k) Adverbial usages: ucht re hucht face to face : go mbí duine uchd re huchd | cuire a lucht isin longphurt, IGT, Decl. ex. 460 . teach aoidheadh coitcheann do chách | moladh Íosa i ngach éan-tráth | fa gnáth aca ucht re hucht | slata dar bhláth an bhochtacht (sc. the monks in choir), Ir. Monthly 1921, 374.17 . bhar dtrí catha, ucht re hucht, | teagaid i ndáil Chon Chonnacht, `united,' TD 9.53 . Cf. 8.40 . Freq. of a hostile encounter : batar samhlaidh ucht ré hucht co cenn sechtmhaine, ┐ deabhaidh gach laoi etorra `confronting each other,' AFM iii 130.8 . Cf. ucht fria hucht, BNnÉ. 108 § 33 ; 10 § 36 . tig ... rí Mumhan don leith eile ucht ré hucht dó, Keat. ii 4963 . Cf. ucht ar ucht face to face : TSh. 6640 . teagmaoíd ucht ar Úaimh Chorainn `we come right up to,' Duan. F. ii p. 8 § 27 . Cf. gé tú ucht re a n-iolghuasaibh `to many risks though I be exposed,' Ó Bruad. ii 134.18 .

III With various prepps. in phrases:

a hu.¤

(a) from the middle of, out of, from : boi im[mairecc] and i lláithib D., téora buidne im Ch. macc F. ┐ C. asa n-ucht oc imbert [in gae] lia sairse occo, Trip.² 770 . re hinnarba ... cach foreigne as a ucht `from his breast,' MR 160y . doluid for a gabrai gluair | Balam a hucht in morslúaig, SR 4782 (possibly these belong to b). fer gonur a hucht tsloigh móir, O'D. 545 (< H 3.17 c. 435 ). Laws iv 180.8 Comm. (and so read 178.19 `in the van of a great army'). ro bedhgsat ... a hucht a muintire fein `in front of their own forces,' AFM vi 2146.7 . Cf. co ragaib ... oc slaidhe na slógh, a ucht a chatha fadheisin `from the breast of his own battalion,' TTr.² 1354 . mian lim Sil Setna gan ḟaill, | co tren a hucht Clann Conaill `in the front of.' MR 162.23 . In pl.: duas do ruithriuch a hochtaib a reward [is due] for an extempore `ruidriuch,' Caratnia 47 ( ZCP xv 362 ), cf. gell ar trisi breth ar coicthi ... gell a ochtaib breth ar trisi, Cáin Ad. 38 .

(b) in the name of, representing, on behalf of (cf. f) : dáilim a hucht righ nimhe | mé féin deitsi d'áiridhe, BNnÉ 133.17 . cuir an siothbháirc ... | ... | ó chalaidh, a hucht an Athar `in God's name,' SGS iv 140 § 8 . cuirim si fort, a hucht Íosa ... scaradh fris, BNnÉ 5 § 14 . do cuir dano in manach forcúl a hucht páisi Crist ar an ainmidhi, Études Celt. i 87.32 . iarruim ort a hucht na Trionnóide, Mac Aingil 100.19 . do chathuigheadur a hucht creidimh Crist, ITS xix 30.16 . tuc se cead dóibh a hucht an papa, Expugn. Hib. § 90 . condechatar gennte ┐ cristaidi i ndail chatha fri araili a hucht a ndee, Marco P. 64 . ro ghaibhsidhe ag cendsucchadh Connacht amhail as dech ro fhed a hucht Gall `on behalf of the English,' AFM vi 2004.2 . neach é do niodh foghail ... a hucht na bainríoghna cédna, 2088.4 . ro fhaccaibh barda a hucht na banríoghna inn, v 1632.8 . sith d'focra ... do clainn Uilliam Burc a hucht Rig Saxan, Ann. Conn. 1333 § 11 . do dhol a hucht an Ghobernora `by order of,' AFM vi 1880.10 . do rinnetar síth ris ... a hucht I Domnaill ┐ Í Néill, L. Chl. S. § 15 . dorachaind a hucht an imperi ┐ na cōra, ZCP vi 59.25 . do inneósuinn a hucht m'ord | mé fá bhrón ..., Studies 1919, 74.11 . Of poetry, justice, etc. : a hucht na healadhna `in the name of poetry,' TD 22a19 = O'Gr. Cat. 402.21 . Cf. an fine as t'u.¤ do eirigh `which arose on thy behalf' 20.47 . ag dáil ḟíneamhna as a hu.¤ , ib. 59 .

(c) instead of, in place of (in a disparaging sense. Cf. Mod. Ir. sop i n-ionad na sguaibe) : ba haitheach somh a hucht treóin `a plebian representative of a hero,' AFM iii 178.17 . ni tardsat iarum muinntir ... in rig nach freagra furri, uair ba haithech a hucht treoin insin, FDG 128 . badar aithigh a h-ucht treoin iad `in the shape of heroes,' MR 18.10 .

(d) because of, on account of: mé ar Mac nDé éadána as m'ulc | mé a hucht m'éagára ar a hiocht `owing to my sin I appeal to her'(sc. Mary), Dán Dé ii 27 . mé ó phurt ag taisdeal na dtonn | as a n-ucht ní haisdear liom | mo sdiúir tar buinne an bhean mhall | crann siúil mo luinge an Fear fionn `I feel my course sure owing to them,' xxvii 35 . tiad tríthe as t'ucht gan arma | lucht faghla Críche Connla, TD 10.25 . Cf. a hucht chóra, `in a rightful cause' 30.5 . gaibh ar h'oineach mé, a Mháire | a hu.¤ flatha fionnGháille 30.26 .

(e) by means of: truagh nách faghaid lucht a laoidhidh |a hucht aoinḟir oirbheartaigh, TD 16.9 . a hucht draoidhechta a ndéeadh, L. Cl. A. B. 168.72 . as ucht: measgaidh as ucht bhur saidhbhriosa bhur bhfola uirísle ar fholuibh uaisle, PCT 378 .

(f) by the influence of (cf. b) : uair do hoirdneadh Brian ... a hucht an iarla chedna le mac Mairtin ..., AFM iii 452.8 . do rigad a hucht an Iarla cetna mac Aeda Buide ..., Ann. Conn. 1291 § 3 . Art ... do ghabhail a ionaidh a hucht Gall `through the influence of,' AFM iii 158.17 . a rigad ┐ a aithrigad a hucht hUa Maine `at the instance of,' Hy Maine 90.6 . a hucht hI Chellaig `at the recommendation of,' 86.9 .

(g) for the sake of (purpose): an aithnidh dhaoibh riamh roimhe | an ní do ní an ceannoidhe | a hucht a n-adhanta air | re lucht malarta an mhargaidh `so as to excite them to buy,' Studies 1928, 268.16 .

i n-u.¤

(a) in front of; over against; opposite : brugh slaitgheal a n-ucht easa, IGT, Decl. ex. 1338 . an drong ... nach féadaid dul i mullach na bochtachta ... acht is éigean dóibh anmhain i n-ucht an tsléibhe, TSh. 10113 . i n-ucht an gheata soin Mhalla dom mhálsa, Hackett xl 145 . enpurt lanbeg luingi a n-ucht cairrg(h)i `in the face of,' Stair Erc. 634 (cf. II (g) above). a ngleacaidhe thusa a n-ucht an bhaoghail, O'Rah. xxxv 13 . Cf. i n-ucht mhíonmhuighe M., L. Cl. A. B. 108.196 .

(b) before, or at the beginning of: linnte balbha ar bheagán uisge | i n-ucht ṡamhraidh, TD 34.36 . a n-ocht fomhair, 23 G 24, 405 .

(c) against : ro innsaigsett ... in lathair i n-ucht muintere Poimp, CCath. 5703 . do rinne Dia i n-ucht ar gciontadh | an cogadh do chur i ndlús, Dán Dé iii 3 `against our sins God pressed on the war.' Cf. do léig 'n-ar n-ucht a aithne | do threig lucht a leasaighthe (of an ungrateful pupil) Ir. Monthly 1929, 42.8 ( DDána p. 353 ). Here perh.: sgeith don tuinn altdorcha im ucht, Measgra D. 50.27 .

(d) ` besides' : dá chroich eile it ucht | ó dhá churp i gcás `besides thee,' PBocht 5.40 .

fri (re) hu.¤ , ré n-u.¤

(a) before (of space or time), in front of, facing (of position) : giodh re hucht n-innsgne ┐ molta ┐ bfocuil, ┐ gé re hucht n-oibrighthe, IGT, Introd. § 16 . an tan teagmhus ad no gad no dod ... re hucht nguthaidhe, tinne lom as cóir ann, § 20 . acht re hucht .r. no .l. no .n. ar lár comhfhocuil, § 34 . garbhuighidh .r. re hucht .dh., § 45 . a hosnaidh re hucht na croiche, DDána 30.33 . i bhfoslongphort ré hucht chathrach B., TSh. 777 . do bhí i bhfoslongphort réna n-ucht, 5917 . Cf. 1070 , 2967 . do shuidh comhairle na millteach i bhfoslongphort rém ucht, 3881 . tógtar mo phuball re hucht na sluagh, ITS xxiv 30.16 . mar a raibhe C. ... re hucht bhfear nÉirinn, 74.29 . a-tá 'na chnoc ard rem ucht | an díomas ..., DDána 6.32 . do [h]ordoigheadh le hUilliam | sráid ar leith don lucht seanma | da mbeith re a ucht infheadhma, `that they may be ready to perform before him' Ériu v 58.8 . ag dul a nAlbain ... gur eirigh coire B. re na ucht, BCC 378.2 . tarrla cúan rena n-ucht, Stair Erc. 2267 . ro chuir ... Ó Néill an coimlion cedna fri a n-ucht, Hugh Roe 162.26 . ód chí an t-éag re hucht mo bheoil `when he sees death near me,' PBocht 24.29 . a rabha rem ucht san ḟionnbhragh `those whom I found,' TD 11.13 . na hÍobhuil re a hucht `the Jews whom she met,' PBocht 5.36 . san rian nár hoireadh re a ucht | i ngurt gliadh dob oiremh Art, L. Cl. A. B. 232.35 . an lá re hucht na hAoine, Studies 1936, 67.19 . immediately before, on the point of: tarladar sin uile dhó ré hucht na Bealltaine `on the approach of,' Keat. iii 2141 . as coir ... a glacadh re hucht mbáis (sc. the Eucharist), O'Hussey, Ó Héodhusa 206.5 . ré hucht an bháis, TSh. 797 . agus é re hucht bháis, Keat. ii 169 . ré hucht an éaga, TSh. 8682 . re hucht a éaga, PBocht 11.19 ; 28 . go beith ré hucht éagtha dhóibh, TSh. 7795 . nir ghabhusa oglach nua riam re hucht chatha I never yet engaged a new follower on the point of battle , CF 542 . re hucht catha Muighe Rath, BS § 49 . re hucht an catha do chur, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 7 . re hucht dulta ar neamh Dhó, Eochairsg. 4.32 . ré hucht dulta ar siubhal sluaigh, TSh. 6975 . ré hucht triallta do thabhairt Catha A. `on the point of setting out,' Keat. iii 2299 . ré hucht triallta i L. dhó, 3113 . ré hucht bheithe ag déanamh crábhaidh when about to ' TSh. 424 . do-ghéna ... | déra re hucht n-imtheachta `at parting,' Studies 1924, 85.1 . nach mór do hairigheadh orra | ... doimheanma re hucht na heachtra `at that (death-) journey,' PBocht 24.10 . re hucht in baili d'fāgbáil dōibh, Fl. Earls 20.6 . re hucht Críosd do chur fan lic, PBocht 9.29 . re hucht an cheatha do chur, Ir. Monthly 1920, 596.22 . ré hucht imirce do dhéanamh as an saoghal so, TSh. 7745 . ré hucht cháich do dhul san chath, Keat. ii 4527 . at the time of: oslaigid re hucht in sgeōil | fuindeōga ēsca as aeōir (sc. of the Nativity), ACL iii 244 § 16 = at the tidings . re hucht na togha `at the Choosing,' (sc. on Judgment Day), Dán Dé x 10 .

(b) for, for the purpose of, with a view to, as a provision for: in sciath ra hucht in chatha, LL 300b1 . bíse it armaibh re hucht gcean `to win triumphs,' TD 19.15 . is é ro chuir an céadchath, | re hucht n-iomchosnaimh ḟuinn Bhreagh `in contest for,' 4.6 . bliadhain iomshlán d'Aonghas Ruadh | re hucht ngill ar ghrés n-ionnfhuar `seeking to attain the prize,' Studies 1920, 2.5 . gur chuir ... Noe taise Ádhaimh i dtaisgidh san áirc ré hucht na dílinne, TSh. 236 . ré hucht gheimhridh an bháis, 6350 . bíodh ré hucht deargadh na ndeor, PBocht 13.20 . mar aighne re hucht [a]saortha, 1.25 . Common after vbs. of preparing : bhádar seacht mbliadhna ag a n-ullmhughadh re hucht na heachtra preparing for , Keat. i 184.19 . ré hiad féin d'ollmhughadh ré hucht an bháis, TSh. 2656 . iad féin d'ollmhughadh ... ré hucht ionnsaighthe na bearnan soin to attack , 2652 . é féin d'inneall ré hucht na nguasacht bhíos 'na chionn, 2241 . Cf. 6887 . Here perh. ré hucht na ríoghdhála soin da ngairthí Feis T., Keat. ii 3871 [ for the purposes of (?)].

(c) against : do chuadar na Saracení sluagh líonmhar ré hucht Constantionopuil `laid siege to,' Keat. iii 2261 . ba merburba ina tot murtonn in mormara re hucht alla no aird-sleibe, CCath. 5792 . cia as ionchuir re hucht na tuinne | achd lucht iomchuir cuinge Críosd, `who can face that wave ?' PBocht 8.22 . líonaid re hucht na n-ánrath | brúaigh ísle na n-úaránshroth, Studies 1921, 419.12 . lucht mo luinge i dtír do theilg | Ríoghan re hucht buinne bhuirb, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 4 . trí doirsi thighe an dhúilimh, iadhfuidher uile ré tucht, O'Hussey, Ó Héodhusa 127.3 . foighide maordhacht méin tromdha | ... gá caomhna re hucht gach fhormaid, Studies 1927, 438.20 . banfhlaith ..., | turnadh cáich re hucht n-eisíth `who pacifies all in face of enmity (?)' Studies 1921, 589.10 . gé tá cóir na gcló rem ucht | mó mo dhóigh as do dhaonnacht `stands against me' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 19 . an pháis oirdhearc fhuair dár gcoimhéad | cur ré hucht gá hagra as mhó, PBocht 9.28 . dá dtugthar re hucht bhar n-agra | ... coim óm athair dhála dhamh `against thy charge,' 1.23 .

IV Compds. :

n (a) with subst. ¤bruinne breast, bosom : co mbui a ucht-bruinne fria bord na luinge, CCath. 2045 . tucc a laim dar a uchtbruinne, IT i 121.20 ; 122.5 . eter coilér a sccapail ┐ an nocht-bhruinne (leg. a n-ochtb.) BNnÉ i 89 § 188 . araill fri huchtbruinne Tepoitt na long 'watching the motions of' ( fronting, breasting ), AFM vi 2124.20 . á haithle mh'ailemhna, | re hucht-bhruindi hui A. `at the very bosom of,' MR 304.24 . Of the forepart of a raft : ro tair[r]ngit re huctbruindi na ratha, CCath. 2664 . pl. uc[h]tbruinnedha echda ic a n-urtoccbail, 6098 . do comtuaircnigh ... a n-uchtbruinde fein fri araili (v.l. n-uchbruinded ; n-uctbruinnedha), CCath. 3171 . mná ... co n-ór fria n-uchtbrunnib, LU 3889 ( SCC 40 ). ¤bualad ` breast-smiting ' : ro dubhglassatar a mbeoil ... lasin uctbualadh, CCath. 4633 .

¤chlár

(a) front board of a chariot : is amhlaidh tainic et uchtclar a carpait re a bruinde, TBC-LL¹ p. 607 n. 1 .

(b) a breastplate : inar ... forórda uimp[i] cona uchtchlar ordaigi ann, Acall. 5922 . see 470 n. , 3021 n. , 4080 n.

¤chnoc `breast-hill' : an t-uc[h]tcnoc airdṡlébhe, CCath. 5374 . ¤chrann a poitrel, armour for a horse's breast (?) : ce beith ic brisiudh a ucht-crand remi a saint in retha, 570 n. ¤chride : dhó ar n-osgladh a uchtchroidhe (: oile) `after piercing the centre of the Just One's breast,' Ir. Monthly 1928, 438 § 12 ( DDána p. 118 ). ¤chumdach a corslet (lit. breast-covering) : re deirrideacht a n-eididh agus a n-u(a)chtcomdaig (leg. n-ucht-c.), Celt. Rev. iv 118z . ¤géimnech : badh dhealg na chliabh gach liach dá n-uichtghéimnigh `each sigh of their sobbing breasts,' Ó Bruad. iii 122 § 4 . ¤guin a breast-wound : t'ochtghoin mar do fhoillsigh t'fháidh, Studies 1938, 74.28 . náir lé ochtghoin a hoidhir | dá locthair hé d'ionnsoighidh, 470.27 . a éin-mheic fhuair an ocht-ghuin, Ir. Monthly 1923, 472 § 6 ( DDána p. 185 ). atá séala ar th'ocht-ghuin uain, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 5 . Mac Muire ar na ocht-ghuin uaim, xxix 8 . ¤liach `heartfelt sorrow' : oidheadh Eoghain i n-Áth Cliath | tug toirchios och is uchtliach, Ó Bruad. iii 50 . ¤macad adoption : athargadh, ochdmhacadh, Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 48 ). Cf. uchtmhacadh `the adoption of a son,' P. O'C. ( Romans 8.15 has : spiorad na macachda= s. athargadh na cloinne, 1681 ). see pláta a breast-plate : agus do dhéna tú ar an uchtphláta slabhruidhe ag na cennuibh, Exodus xxviii 22 .

(b) with adj. uchtard (gl. strumossus [ventosus]), Ir. Gl. 643 . ¤bláith : do chonncadar cáthair ... ucht-bhláith uai[th]ne ... uatha ` fair-breasted ', ITS i 60.5 . do choncamair ... pálás ..., uchtbhláith `of beautiful front,' Oss. iv 250.2 . ¤gel white-bosomed : carais ... aindre áille uchtgheala, ZCP i 64 § 53 . laech uchtgel rochoem, TBC-LL¹ p. 783 n. 11 . in gach aird uichtghil d'Eirinn, Studies 1926, 237.1 . Metaph. : colum uichtgheal álainn, 1934, 434.10 . do ghéis uichtghil Ḟinne | tuigthir linne ar lobhradair, TD 16.41 . As npr. f. : beires Éanna mac Néill Uichtgheal inghean Mh. ... leis, L. Cl. A. B. 9.2 . ¤lethan broad-breasted, of animals : each ... uchtletan, CCath. 4735 . ar da n-echaib ... uchtlethna, TBC-LL¹ 3377 . gabur ... uchtlethan, LU 8626 ( FB 47 ). Of the sea : an toigēb mo c[h]urchān cīar | ōs aigēn uchtlet[h]an án ? ZCP x 46 § 8 . imle uichtleathna na hÉireann, Ir. Monthly 1929, 331.37 . As epithet : co rancadar crich Airtig Uchtleathain, Ériu viii 176.31 . Cloithfhionn inghean Eochach Uicht-lethain, Keat. ii 2874 . ¤slim smooth-breasted : dúntar órsgabal uichtshlim | mun rígh re héill n-airgidchinn, L. Cl. A. B. 98.145 . ¤solus bright-breasted : As epithet : Eithne Uchtsolus, Mackinnon Cat. 143.13 . Ádhumh ucht-ṡolus, Ériu iv 114 § 17 . Of goblets : niamh a corn n-ochtṡolus n-óir, TD 8.10 .

(c) with verb: do uchtbidgadar ┐ do thoitedar a ngnúsi re lár 'they were shaken to the core and fell with their faces to the ground', Stair Nic. 28.518 .​

uchtat, uchtot ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. uchtat, uchtot ? or dil.ie/42877
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: uchtot

ind ni uchtat óenmaige, (.i. ni do oenmaig as uch nó as íachtad sed totis campis), LU 537 . ACC 7 = ni huctot oenmaige (.i. uch airi féin. "tot" ondi as totus .i. ní d'oen maig is uch nó as iachtad, sed totis campis), RC xx 158 (uch + the diminutive suffix -t(h)at, Celtica vi 228 , xxv 106 ). Stokes translates `not single plains groan.' He takes uchtot to be `a t-vb formed fr. 1 uch' see note ad loc. Thurn., ZCP xvii 293 thinks forms soerthot, slāntot and tāthot contain suff. pron. of 2 sg., although taken in Auraic. to be dimin. suffix).