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bibdu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bibdu or dil.ie/5851

Forms: bidba, bibdid, bibdad, bidhba, bidbad

n d, m. later bidba. See Pokorny, KZ xlvii 163 , GOI § 203 , 323.4 . n s. b.¤ , Wb. 6c21 . n pl. bibdid, 2a14 , Ml. 45b10 , 62d5 , 143b1 (see note), bibdaid, 114d4 . g pl. bibdad, Ml. 49d12 . bidhba m., IGT Decl. § 21.

(a) one who is guilty, liable, condemned; a criminal, culprit: gl. rei Ml. 70a3 , 114d4 . gl. obnoxii, 45b10 . 143b1 . bidba graece bitheumatur (sic, for bi-θάνατος , Corm. Tr. 23 ) .i. bis mortuus. adrolli a bás fo dí, Thr. Ir. Gl. 8. reus cach bidba, Metr. Gl. 4.25 . `ciol' bás is `biodhbha' leatrom, 28.43 . dede hi roptar bibdaid som .i. in dermut gnimae ṅdæ . . . gl. dupliciter rei, Ml. 124c2 . cach bidba ina chinta do neoch no ḟuasnabad cáin, Thr. Ir. Gl. 30 s. Mogh Eime . genti bidbaid bertar (ber(r)thair, v.ll.) pagans (who are) guilty (?), Fél. Prol. 175. in b.¤ ┐ in cintach na chinaid ┐ logad da anmain `the guilty and the criminal for his crime [to be forfeit],' RC vi 165.7 ( LU 9783 ). bidbaid duit-siu sind uile we are all responsible for you, TFerbe 219 . sreth a salmaib . . . / do escaini, mod cen cleith, / ond eclais for cach mbidbaid, Hib. Min. 45.7 . biodhbha do leanb Moire mé, DDána 31.26 . In legal contexts: bidbu cach leices bidbudu he who lets criminals escape is himself a culprit, Laws i 12.20 . mani eirre bidbaid . . asren fine a llānfīachu īar mēitt a chinad, Cáin Ad. 47. fo cerdcar crann forro . . . dus cia dib do toth bidba do tabairt `the guilty party' (viz. a savage animal), Laws iv 102.16 Comm.

With follg. gen. of law, rule, etc.: bídba thimmna Dé `guilty of breaking God's commandment', Trip. 396. 3 . b.¤ rechta, SR 6861. comadh bidhbu in ríghrechta Romhánaigh. . . . Césair that C. was guilty as regards the Roman state, CCath. 224.

In phr. b.¤ báis (cf. Lat. mortis reus) (one) condemned to death, deserving of death: ar ba b.¤ leusom intí nád imdibthe, Wb. 1d15 . atbert robo bidba b.¤ di nach eperad fris, Thr. Ir. Gl. 28. is bidba b.¤ do Dīa ┐ do dōinib, Ériu i 218 § 3. bidhbha bais ┐ . . . fogarthach a hErinn, IT iii 198 § 55. fir bidhbuidh báis `men deserving of death', RC x 90.14 (ICM). bar bibdaith bāis ind you are doomed to death for him (?), ZCP viii 311.5 . is bídbha dingmhala bais tú (said by the Jews to our Lord), Smaointe B. Chr. 3668. Note also: ba bidba troch co trom-neim `a culprit fated to evil doom', Metr. Dinds. iii 172.14 .

(b) In Laws also of opposing party in action, claim, etc. defendant (opp. to feichem toicheda plaintiff): indligidh dono don bidbaidh a elodsum im dlighedh `defendant', Laws i 114.20 Comm. da-rad in fechem toicheda fein fuilled cairde do'n bidbaidh, v 378.z Comm. ce beth cin co beth caemachta imgabala ag bidbuid, 150.8 , 9 Comm. mani uil i seilb in bidbad anarra is deisse re feichemuin toicheda, 420.29 Comm.

(c) enemy: atcosnatis bidbad būaid `victory over their foes', Fianaig. 10.19 . claidbiu balcbéimnechu fri bibdadu, LU 7735 (= BDD² 1270 ). re hilar a bidbad re himad a námat, LU 6281 ( TBC-I¹ 1779 ). bidba na crich ba nessom duit oc breith do ṡlait, TBC-LL¹ 9. duni is mó is bídba d'Ultaib, CRR 18 , cu roissem ár ṁbidbadaib, MU² 322. ri cech ṁbidbaid bás `to every foe death', PRIA xix 552 § 44 ( LL 18656 ). bidbaid bunaid hereditary foes, Acall. 6704. Troiandaig sindi . . . ┐ bidbuidh duind Laitinda, Aen. 1841. atáid trí bidhbaid am bun, IGT Decl. ex. 785. (to death) a bhíobha an chine dhaonna, Measgra D. 66.20 . fá biodhbha biothfhoghlach ar Ulltachaibh é feadh a ré, Keat. ii 3188.

Legal: teac bidbad eli `the house of another enemy' (of the injured man, excluded from the rule of othrus), BCrólige 23 Comm.

Attrib. g s.: dos-ratais i cró bidbad iat in an enemy pen (sc. the iron house), MU² 884. See fópairt.

1 do-tuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-tuit or dil.ie/18533
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tuit, dotuit, dothuit, dufuit, fora-tuit-som, dotuitet, dofuitet, dofuittet, tutet, dofuited, dofutitis, nothuititis, dorothuus-[s]a, co táthais, do-foth, día toth, arna-tta, torthissem, dotodsat, todsat, torthaiset, torchror-sa, dotodsinn, -faetsath, dorótsad, dorodsad, condo[d]sitis, dofoethus, dofoethus-[s]a, do-faethus-sa, tōithus, toethus, dofáithais, dafaethais, táithis, condoethais, taethais, dotóeth, dofóeth, dofaeth, dofaeth, tāith, thaeth, toeth, thóitis, tartais, taethais, dofaethsaid, taethaisti, dothoetsat, dofoethsat, dofaethsat, do-thaethsat, dofaesat, toethsat, inid-toetsat, dofaethsaind, dofaithesté-su, dofaethaisté-su, dofáithsad, dofaethsad, dofoetsat, tóethsad, toetsad, taethsad, thoithsad, táetsatais, taetsaitis, toethsitís, tōitsitis, torchar, torchair, torchar, docer, dacer, doceir, docair, tocair, dicer, dochear, dorochair, dorochoir, tarrochair, torchar, torchar, torchair, condorchair, trochair, dorochrobair, docertar, docerddatar, diceratar, doceradur, dorochratar, torchartar, con-torchratar, torcratar, con-drochradur, docersat, dorochairset, torchuirsit, dororchair, drorcradatar, drorcradar, do-ciuchratar, do-certar, docher, torchair, atorchair, drochair, itorchair, totuiter, tuiter, tuitim, tuit-, toit-, tuit, car-toit, rotuitset, bhacear, focera, rafoethus, rafaethais, rofaeth, rofaethsaind, rofaitsad, rofaethsad, taeth-, faeth-, taethur-sa, thaethad, taethfaid, taethfaid, taothfadh, do-aothfadh, rothaith, rothóeth, taethsat, thaethsadar, thaetsadar, faoithfead, faothfas, fāidhfit, do-faeth, dofoeth, dofuithebsa, chear, docearadh, chear, concearadar, torcrad

v (* to-tuit-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 656 , see Bergin, Ériu x 193 , GOI § 543 ). Ipv. 2 s. ná tuit , Imr. Brain § 30 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dotuit, Sg. 71a9 . dothuit, Wb. 4d15 . dufuit, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii § 4). dofuit, TBC-I¹ 738 , 3001 ; Trip.² 1292 , etc. fora-tuit-som, Wb. 4d15 . 3 pl. dotuitet, O'Dav. 738 . dofuitet, TBC-I¹ 2127 , 2952 . dofuittet, LL 246b45 . nad tutet , Sg. 50a7 . Impf. 3 s. intan dofuited , BB 368b39 . 3 pl. dofutitis, LU 9403 . nothuititis, TBC-I¹ 1417 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. (with -ro-) dorothuus-[s]a, Ml. 23c23 . 2 s. co táthais, TBC-LL¹ 1836 (so Ped.; from do-autat, Wind.). 3 s. do-foth, CB 164 § 45 gl. 1 . día toth , Bechbretha 68 § 30, 134 § 34 n. arna-tta, Mon. Tall. 159.35 . 1 pl. (with -ro-) na torthissem , Wb. 32c16 . 3 pl. dotodsat, Ml. 124d12 . arna todsat , 118a12 . (With -ro-) arna torthaiset , Críth G. 303 . With stem do-cer-: 1 s. dep. co torchror-sa , SR 1533 . Impf. 1 s. dotodsinn, Ml. 131b7 . 3 s. -faetsath, BDD² 792 . (With -ro-) dorótsad, LU 4870 = dorodsad, TBC-I¹ 382 . 3 pl. condo[d]sitis. Wb. 5b11 .

In Mid.Ir. the fut. and cond. are generally used in place of subj. Fut. 1 s. dofoethus, LB 126b33 . dofoethus-[s]a, Rawl. 142a48 . cia do-faethus-sa , RC xiii 8.14 . conna tōithus , xxiii 316 . toethus, TBC-LL¹ 2310 . 2 s. dofáithais, TTr.² 757 . dafaethais, CRR § 54 . co táithis , TBC-I¹ 1619 LU = condoethais, YBL. dia taethais , Aen. 2923 . 3 s. dotóeth, Thes. ii 248.8 . dofóeth, LU 9877 . dofaeth, LL 13973 . dofaeth, Laws i 142.2 . co tāith , Goid. 105.3 ( teth, 5 ). meni thaeth , CRR § 5 . ní toeth , RC x 64 . cia thóitis (rel.), Acall. 6880 . ( taetais, ZCP v 524.11 = tartais, Ériu xii 146 . ) taethais, Cog. 92.11 . 2 pl. dofaethsaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.21 . taethaisti, Anecd. iii 72 . 3 pl. dothoetsat, LL 249a40 . dofoethsat, SR 8289 . dofaethsat, TTr.² 544 , 757 ; AFM ii 1158 (poem). do-thaethsat, BDD² 698 . dofaesat, LL 146b30 . toethsat (absol.), SR 8161 . inid-toetsat, LL 292a29 . Condit. 1 s. dofaethsaind, TTr.² 316 . 3 s. dofaithesté-su, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . dofaethaisté-su, 4331 . 3 s. dofáithsad, LL 13999 . dofaethsad, 52 ; TBC-I¹ 1514 , 2434 . dofoetsat, -sad, TBC-I¹ 1091 , 1251 (LU). ní tóethsad , 1857 LU. co toetsad , 2933 . co taethsad , Fél.² lxxv 29 ; TBC-I¹ 2482 . mani thoithsad , TTr.² 1171 . 3 pl. arna táetsatais , Anecd. i 75.16 . co taetsaitis , TBC-LL¹ 2819 . ni toethsitís , TBC-I¹ 1858 LU. arna tōitsitis , Mon. Tall. 157.32 .

Pret. and perf. (from *to-cer-) 1 s. co torchar , Trip.² 1435 . 2 s. hi torchair (-i- faint in MS.), LU 6039 . co torchar , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.10 . 3 s. docer, Thes. i 493.26 ( Tur. 131 ). dacer, 29 . doceir, LL 274 , 1333 . docair, ACL iii 340 § 36 . tocair, Ériu ii 16.15 . dicer, viii 178.5 . dochear, AU 516 . dorochair, Thes. i 485.27 ( Tur. 19 ); Sg. 29a8 ; SR ; TBC-I¹ , etc. dorochoir, Thes. ii 236.27 . tarrochair, TBC-I¹ 1570 LU. anna torchar , Ml. 34c14 . i torchar , TBC-I¹ 2953 . co torchair , SR 6398 , cf. 5401 , 585 ; TBC-I¹ passim . condorchair, Ériu v 242.159 . i trochair (with metath.), Anecd. iii 61 . 2 pl. dorochrobair, SR 3608 . 3 pl. docertar, TBC-I¹ 2925 . docerddatar, LL 299b9 ( RC xiii 50 ). diceratar, Ériu viii 178 . doceradur, Lec. 203a17 . dorochratar, Ml. 36d13 . con torchartar , Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 262.1 ). con-torchratar, Ml. 48c28 . i torcratar , AU 833 . con-drochradur, ZCP viii 540.30 . Later with s-forms: docersat, LL 182b39 ; Rawl. 82b36 . dorochairset, Lec. 62a1 . torchuirsit, Fianaig. 92.6 . With doubling of -ro-, dororchair, ZCP i 103 . 15 ; ITS v 78 . drorcradatar, drorcradar, Celt. Rev. iv 16.2 , 9 . do-ciuchratar they fell, LU 4392 seems a contamination of do-certar and fut. stem of fo-ceird, cf. fochiuchra, 4583 ( TBC-I¹ 76 ). Forms docher and torchair continue in use to beginning of Mod.Ir. (Keating, FM) in sense was killed ; oft. with pref. ad-: atorchair (atrochair, drochair). itorchair, Ériu v 222.36 .

Pass. pres. s. totuiter, Sg. 71a14 . hi tuiter , 71a11 , cf. 12 , 13 .

Vn. tuitim.

Later treated as a simple vb. with stem tuit-, toit-: ro tuit , Mon. Tall. 157.10 . car-toit, LL 138b30 , pl. rotuitset (-etar, -setar).

Irregular forms.

(a) In LL do- is replaced by fo- in pret. 3 s. bhacear, TBC-LL¹ 4052 . focera, 1443 ; by ro- freq. in fut. and cond. forms with f: 1 s. rafoethus, TBC-LL¹ 4597 . 2 s. rafaethais, 3485 . 3 s. rofaeth, SG 384.7 (LL). Cond. 1 s. rofaethsaind, BB 422a39 . 3 s. rofaitsad, LL 166a53 . rofaethsad, TTebe 2852 .

(b) The fut. stem taeth- (toeth-) and occas. faeth- are somet. used as general stem of vb.: acht co taethur-sa , LB 112a20 . min thaethad , Lec. 421b43 . taethfaid, MR ( FDG 63 ). taethfaid, RC xxiv 282 . taothfadh, CRR 98.7 . do-aothfadh, ZCP x 288.7 . rothaith, Leb. Gab.(i) 98 . rothóeth, RC xiv 62 § 76 . cor taethsat , CCath. 133 ( cor thaethsadar , Todd Nenn. 46.7 , leg. thaetsadar and see do-tét). faoithfead, ML 100.17 . faothfas, 120.25 . ? fāidhfit, Cog. 92.10 . do-faeth he fell, Fen. 406 . dofoeth, Metr. Dinds. iii 320.35 . mun tí taoth 'about the one who has fallen' IGT Verbs § 21 (192.252) , Fil Súil nGlais 47 . nochor taeth, IGT Metr. faults § 25 . taeth fothannán ard dáenbhuille, Fil Súil nGlais 50 § 15 . Cf. also dofuithebsa, Ériu v 240.148 .

(c) The pret. root cer- also appears independently in a few cases in late texts: ó chear , Ó Bruad. i 102 (pret. pass. docearadh, 204 ). níor chear , A. Ó Dálaigh lv 24 . concearadar, Lec. 276a13 .

See IGT Verbs §§ 21 , 79 .

Falls ; gl. Lat. cadere, Sg. 71a9 ; concidere, Ml. 48c28 ; dēcidere, 23c23 ; corruere, 34c4 .

(a) In lit. sense: docer in biail dia samthig issam-muir, Tur. 131 . co torchair-seom isa cend, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 . co torchair ina ligi, TBC-I¹ 1196 . co torchair a etach ṅde, 1202 . rotuit in tenid he fell into the fire, Mon. Tall. 157 (§ 72) . do mod ernaight[h]e co taothsad do déra, ZCP iii 30 . attaig Deain co tāith in tempul . . . guidfet-sa Crist co rotuite, Goid. 105 . dia teth tempul Deane erumsa, ib. da taet lindi tigi na Tebi if the houses of Thebes fall by our efforts, TTebe 2592 . ó atbath mac Eogain . . . dofaethsat cella Connacht, SG 65 . omna dorochair i Fidgable forsin chonair, Hy. v 69 Comm. mar cnái cáich tuitis do chronn, ZCP ix 486 . mad a n-aimser mesa, dothuite[d] mes in tire i n-aon aidche used to fall (from the trees), Laws i 24 . dorochair a claideb al-lāim Conculainn, RC iii 182 . rothuitsetar ar n-airm as ar lamaib, TTebe 1990 . dofuit sís . . . trethan tromm, SR 8113 . ce dofāidsad snāthat for lār in taige, Ériu iv 30 . dofuititis écne móra asin tsruth anuas for talmain, RC x 58 . dorochradar a cuirp i fudomain in mara, CCath. 2122 . tuitfeamaoid ré fánaidh amhail na huisgeadha, TSh. 49 . indar lat dofoethsad an talam fo cossaib, TTr.² 1846 . co taeth nemh dochum talmhan, Aen. 2966 . dia taethsad nem for an lár, BColm. 70 . Of fig. motion: tocair menma ōm t[h]uathaib | isin iat[h] i nIrlūachair my mind has fallen away from my people to the meadow, Ériu ii 16 . nach bág forsa torchair mo menmae, Fél. Ep. 361 . Of gramm. case (to transl. cadere): lase dotuit ind ainmnid, Sg. 71a9 . Falls out: dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn, Thes. ii 248 . caillech agar tuitidar a fiacla, 23 P 10, 100.x . ma tuit an findfad le gēri an galair, 61.26 .

(b) Transf. falls, abates, subsides: arnatta do saogal, ni do tórmuch forsind fitt teirc sin so that thy life fail not, Mon. Tall. 159 . rotuit in cath leth ar leth the battle subsided on both sides, CCath. 2216 . da mad toraib rotuited clothgnima Conaill gan congbháil, MR 150 . o toirmisc na hoileamna tuitid na baill ┐ tic an ḟpairilis the limbs give way (?), 23 P 10, 24b34 . da duite an bríg tochlaitheach if the appetite fails, 147rb16 .

(c) Esp. falls, perishes, is killed; usually but not exclusively of death in battle, oft. with LA of agent: cath Findas i trochair Fiachra, Anecd. iii 61 . dofaoth an t-saoi is in daoi bonn fri bonn, Cog. 204 . taethfaid uili, fer, meic mnā | a ndigail in lechta-sa, RC xxiv 282 . at ē sin rīga docersad isin chath sin, Todd Nenn. 52 . go ndrochair gach damhna glan | do sgothaibh calma Cruachan, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 170 . cia thoitis don chlaidim? who will fall by the sword? Acall. 6880 . dofaeth rí din gāi sin, RC iii 178 . co rothérna indiu Molling, | ní thaeth do rinn ná d'faebur, SG 388 . cia dorochair Congal caech | mōr laech adrochair da rind, Ériu v 244 . dothuit fer cach lái leis, TBC-I¹ 1367 . docer la Meidb dā fer dēac dīib, 2903 . meni thaeth Ailill is Medb lemsa, CRR 5 . deimhnigh-si lat . . . co taet-som lium-sa cia dofaethur-sa laisim, RC xiii 8 . connā tōithus la fianna that I may not fall by the F., RC xxiii 316 . toitfet-sa leo nō buaidheochad forra, ZCP vi 34 . ní tarla fris riam trēn nā taetsat leis, Ériu v 152 . Dubh ┐ Finn . . . torchradar le hEoganacht, ZCP viii 119 . dororchair linne an biodhbha, ITS v 78 . dona cathaib a ndrochradar ┐ dona rīgaib ler' thoitsead, Lec. 575b10 . adeir . . . cor-thoit Eochaid Dala re Tindi, 352a36 . deich míli mora . . . dorochratar oc Dauíd fell by David, SR 5912 . mac Máil 'car toit Tuathal, LL 138b30 = rer-thoit, Lec. 398b30 . dofóeth Eógan már do láim Beinne, PRIA xix 534 ( LU 9877 ). torchratar . . . do láim Láegaire, Fianaig. 92 . gia dofaithesté-su dá lámaib, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . ba hind docersat a maic for that (deed) his sons perished, LL 146a18 . acht co torchror-sa . . . im' chinaid, im' tharimthecht, SR 1533 = acht co taethur-sa, LB (wrongly expanded taethairsa, MacCarthy 62 ). dofuitt di daigir he shall perish by lightning, ZCP xii 237 . gurab do chuma a mic torchair he died of grief, ALC ii 392 . il-Letha dorochair mo Chellóc died, Fél. Mar. 26 . congab i nDomnach F. ┐ bái and con-torcratar trí fichit fer leiss dia muintir till threescore men of his community had fallen there beside him, Trip. 190 = torchartar, Trip.² 2239 ( Thes. ii 242 ). tám thend | i torchair ár fer nhErend, MacCarthy 158 . arna toitsitis an aes pende, Mon. Tall. 157 .

(d) In theol. sense of transgression: i ndithrub parduis dorochair Adam: i ndíthrub in domuin dano asreracht Críst, Tur. 19 . dotoith fēin gu n-a sil annsin (of Eve), Lib. Flav. ii 4va13 .

(e) Of fig. relations falls (into a state, under a rubric, etc.): na torthissem i n-apthin, Wb. 32c16 . dorochair a gnuisi a toirrsi ┐ i nduba (= concidit vultus eius, Gen. iv 5 ), Lec. 530b49 . rotoit bantigerna i lubra galair, RC x 186 . na dāine noch dotoit a teas imurcrach who become over-heated, 23 F 19, 27vb32 . dorochrobair for cinaid ye have fallen into sin, SR 3608 . ná tuit fri lige lesce, Imr. Brain § 30 . bid hí Silend táeth don tur that shall run dry (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . inna hí nad tutet isna gnúsi remeperthai that do not fall into the species aforesaid, Sg. 50a7 . dorochair i ndílsi di it has fallen into propriety to her (i.e. become her special name), 29a8 . anni nognathaigheth cāch . . . dorochair i ndilsita do, Hib. Min. 168 . dorochratar uile i ndilse, Laws iv 178 .

(f) falls (to the lot, share, etc., of) with dat. infd. pron.: di chor cruinn dacer dul issam-muir the lot fell to him to go into the sea, Tur. 132 . Usually with DO (less oft. CO, OC): dofaeth in corp . . . marb coem do chill Cromglaisse, Anecd. iii 62 . docer a forbba dia flaith, Rawl. 119b18 . dorochair . . . do Bricriu dénam na flede, IT ii2 173 . focerdar crann . . . dūs cia dīb dototh bidba do tabairt to which of them the guilty party should be given, Laws iv 102 Comm. dorochair doridise na Lée . . . do chlannaib Néill, SG ii 471 . Inis Eoghain . . . dorochair co Cenel cConaill ó chéin mháir, Hugh Roe 232 . dothuiteadar na comhairthadha chugam-sa a n-ionadaibh taithneamhacha the lines have fallen unto me, Psalms xvi 6 . co ndorchair ic MacErca in ingen, BB 208b19 . rotuit an ferand agan ecclais osin alle, BNnÉ 315 § 8 .

(g) With FOR falls upon, comes upon; devolves on: ní toeth (thaed, v.l.) aess foraib age will not fall upon you, RC x 64 . torchair cotlud forsin slóg, LU 3274 ( SCC § 7 ). atrochair a shuantoirrthim codluta fair, CCath. 1451 . dororchair lupra ┐ trūaigi for Conall, ZCP i 103 . do thuit úathbás dorchaduis mhóir air, Gen. xv 12 . do thuitsedar taisi ┐ tāimnēlla bāis air, CF 341 . bedidh leth-lān ngell dotuit for cāch, Laws ii 136 . athgabail fir for a tuit rōi on whom falls the obligation of fighting a duel-ordeal (?), i 194 . do thuit trom na creach do chur don champa . . . air it fell to his lot to send . . ., Rel. Celt. ii 196 .

(h) falls, lapses, is forfeited or lost: (deut. forms given here could also be referred to 2 do-tuit), in Laws oft. with ó of loser: dotuitet cáire sheep are forfeited, O'Dav. 738 . ba de dochear magh Midhe, AU 516 (poem). taethais do ferann ar do anacul thy land shall be lost, ZCP v 524 (= tartais thou hast given, Ériu xii 146 ). co roícthur in cethruime dorochair isin fes which was forfeited for the feeding, Laws i 224 Comm. is uada tuitit na ba he forfeits the cows, 104 . dofuit athgabail (.i. dotuit athgabail ōn fir is cintuch), ii 18 . dorochair a cuitigh bunaid uaithe she forfeited her original share, 396 Comm. o docerr Aimairgin (.i. o dorochuir a raith a baile o A.), v 348 . atait a secht a tuit a eneclann ō cach seven things that deprive everyone of his honour-price, 368 .

(i) In impers. constr. in phrase do-tuit limm fair = that is my wish, object: is fair dofuit lemm-sa, ni reg-sa assin . . ., Trip.² 1293 = is fair d.¤ liúm-sa connā rag . . ., Anecd. iii 36 .

(j) Impers. forms in various senses: huare nád tuiter essib hi tuisliu aili there is no falling from them into other cases, Sg. 71a13 . cia thoiter do thentib ┐ grīsaib fair, ni fes tes ind though fires and embers fall upon it, Ériu ii 114 . Later as pass.: torcrad Mide dia n-echaib the men of M. were unhorsed, Ériu v 238 . gur torcrádh mac rígh na hE. gona mhuintir leo was slain by them, CF Eg. 306 . ar chuid Néill docearadh le cúngcasaibh who fell in course of victories, Ó Bruad. i 204 . na trí Findemnai . . . docertha iar ngliaidh glain | hi cath criaid fria n-athair, Lec. 52b23 .

insce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. insce or dil.ie/28887
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: insce, innsce, indsce, innsce, indscne, innsgne, ro-indscedaib, innscida

n , f. (derivative of sech-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 814 Anm.). In O.Ir. glosses always written insce, except innsce, Sg. 25b2 . Later freq. indsce, innsce. A form indscne, innsgne became common in Mid. and Mod. Ir. Two instances occur of the word declined as a dental stem, but as both are in etymological glosses, the forms are very prob. spurious : d p. ro-indscedaib (gl. roscadaib), Laws v 10.x Comm. a p. na righ innscida gl. na rig scotha, O'Curry 1907 (< 23 P 3, fo. 23 ).

I a saying, speech, statement, word (in sense the word (of God, etc.) ; a language: insci .i. luighi, ut est feraidh insci di he makes a statement to her (there is no evidence that insce ever meant oath), O'Dav. 1112. miscath .i. mí-innsci. scath .i. innsci, amail atá Dūil Roscadach, Corm. Y 859. adciam isnaib inscib seo (?) ... ind aecni `we see in these words of the sage,' Thes. ii 246.24 (Cam.). i.¤ inso asber ar féda Ísu fri cach n-óen din chenélu dóine are n-indarbe a dualchi óod, 244.21 (Cam.). isind insci so gl. in hoc uerbo, Wb. 6a26 . is menand is dind insci riam lenid `that he adheres to the previous utterance,' 5c16 . ind interiecht nad rann i.¤ la grecu `a part of speech,' Sg. 26b6 . do láni chétbutho inna huilae i.¤ `of the whole discourse', 25b7 . in aellug i.¤ biid dictio ` dictio is wont to be in connected speech,' 25a2 . ní ruthórbasa is in n-i.¤ sea friscissen indiut ... `I arrived not at this expression of hope in Thee,' Ml. 44b29 . air thuccai cach chenel hí coitchennas a n-insci sidi `for each nation in common understands their speech,' 42c8 . i.¤ dé is mou ade didiu indaas i.¤ duini, 35c31 . in fer midboth aile conoí insci who preserves statement, Críth G. 39. tecmaltar a i.¤ dó hi teora bríathra co dé treise, 40 . adgadur nech ria túaith trebair arfochlim a n-i.¤ cocertaim bretha Ulad uli, LU 10287. cetharda ar a n-abar anruth ris .i. ar aine a fhoircedail, ar amuinnsi ngaisi, ar shulbairi a indsci, ar imad a eoluis, Laws v 28.13 Comm. noco fetar indsci in aen fir do roind `the person of the one man cannot be divided,' (? recte the statement ...), iii 134.12 Comm. innsci do cach iar na miad `speech to be allowed to each, according to his dignity,' i 18.y Comm. iarna cantain dó tri ocht rannaibh na hindscne, ┐ issiad so iad. Nomen, pronomen, uerbum ..., O'Curry 1184 (< H 3.18, p. 470a ). nach arlegais isin tṡoscela ... innsce Crist, in tan atbert `qui se exaltat ...,' PH 661. deimin lim-sa indsci asbeir-si, | brēithir glēsi, ACL iii 296 § 34. búaidh náithis ┐ ninnsgne ┐ nurlabhra, Ériu v 100.11 . ni hinnscin (? leg. hinnscni) aird-rig duit-si sin do radha, MR 284.20 . bat firen firbrethach cen forbrisiu n-indsciu etir tethrai tren ┐ trug, Ériu viii 173.22 . insci .i. scientia (.i. ecna) a bunadh Laitne, Auraic. 571. a hi.¤ mod `narration mode,' 1949 . (Cf. iss e immorro a hinnsemod (sic leg., for insce-mod ?) .i. a hinnisin (sic leg.) o mud inunn narrating it in the same mode, RC xx 144.20 (ACC)). Of common speech: eirgid deathuigi fuara isna rannaib uachtaracha ┐ gairter 'coruiles' dib asin innsgi coitcinn, Irish Texts v 24.21 = à vulgo. mailli re fuil mista darub comhainm asin innsgni choitc[inn] an blath banda, Irish Texts v 14.17 . imscothud n-insci `stripping speech' glossed .i. [is] séim scoithes a indsci cona bít faidb furri, xxvi 22 § 64 and n. 0 is hé cetḟer roraid insci isin dáil, TTr.² 313. innsgne bhinn do bheoil chorcra, DDána 67 § 42. soerlabhraidh soingthe (=soithnge) co mbuaidh n-innsgni `with the gift of elocution,' AFM vi 1960.3 . i n-insgne an fhir chíordhuibh `by the talk of the jet-black churl,' Ó Bruad. ii 14.y .

In special sense, indictment, ban: coinnealbháthadh, nó i.¤ na hEagluise, Eochairsg. 121.33 .

II gender: toth .i. gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. cis lir innsci docuisin la Feni ... a tri .i. ferinnsci ┐ baninnsci ┐ demhinsce lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen ┐ neodar lasin Laitnèoir, Auraic. 520 - 1 . seachta frisa toimsiter Gaedhelg .i. fid ┐ deach, reim ┐ forba[i]dh, alt ┐ indsci ┐ etargoiri `seven things according to which Gaelic is measured ...,' 740 . mad iar n-urd choir na ndula, immorro, ni ainm ferinnsci no baninsci acht du neoch dofuisium ┐ o tuisimar `for what generates or for what is generated from,' 565 . feirinnsgne sáoi ┐ flaith : ... an sáoi maith, cóir ; an tsháoi mhaith, lochdach, IGT Introd. § 21.1 and 6 . don fhocal déigheanach don chomhfhocal téid a cheannus ┐ a cheart [┐] a innsgne, ┐ do-ní sé baininnsgne don fheirinnsgne ┐ feirinnsgne don bhaininnsgne (i.e. the gender etc. of a compound word depends on the last part of the compound), § 136.2 - 3 . aithni aibghitre, aithne innsgne, aithne aisde `knowledge of the alphabet, of gender, of metre' (necessary branches of knowledge), § 3.3 .

III a pronoun: na hinnsgne cédus : mé ┐ tú, sé ┐ sí, ..., IGT Introd. § 97.1 . ó innsgne .sinn. from the pronoun `sinn,' § 7.2 . aithne ... ar ceithre sunnarthuibh na Gáoidhilgi ┐ ar a seacht n-innsgnibh, § 2.5 . ní ┐ nocha, ionann as cóir lomadh ┐ séimhiughadh na ndíaigh ar innsgne ┐ ar neimhinnsgne (i.e. in regard to non-lenition and lenition they have the same effect on verbal forms that contain a personal element as on those that do not, e.g. passive forms), § 19.2 . cóir an sunnradh innsgne le barr no gan bharr, mur tá m'fhear no m'fhearsa, t'fhear no t'fhearsa the definition by pronoun is correct with or without an enclitic, § 15.20 . do-chuala, do-chualadhas .... In aimser sin mar sin, [acht do-clos ó neimhinnscne], IGT Verbs § 3.28 .

súg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súg or dil.ie/39166

Forms: súga, sugha, suighi

n o, m. (Lat. sucus, assim. to súigid, GOI § 924 ). Cf. n. pl. súga, Alex. 663 . sugha, CCath. 2530 . suighi, Marco P. 166 . Given as vn. (súgh), IGT Verbs § 75 .

Juice (in a large variety of applications).

(a) toth .i. sūgh, ut dicitur: toth ethlinne .i. sūg ethlinne, O'Mulc. 870 . sucus .i. sugh, ACL i 336.113 . co thírmaigid cach s.¤ bís isnaib ballaib gl. ut exsiccet sucum membrorum, Ml. 44d8 . cáin in sug assa sóeraigthib sugthíar, Goid. 157.10 (ACC). cuich gela . . . | suig fri sreba bright vessels for streams of juice (of tallow wax?), SR 4346 (`snuff-dishes', Exodus xxxvii 23 ). do hól neich narbá dliged dóib .i. immáillsi ┐ súga na n-arm (of soldiers suffering from thirst), Alex. 663 = allas na n-arm, BB 494a41 . cuithe salach sūg a filthy, oozy pit, KMMisc. 270 § 43 . s.¤ na ecailsi ógi | mairg na-n-ib i n-ecoiri (ref. to Eucharist?), LL 150a17 . rochraith sug amroisi for a ech, TTebe 3760 . dabhach . . . | a sileann sugh suarc-bracha, SG 112.7 . súgh as nách neimhnighe neimh exuding a juice (of butter), TD 37.2 . teach ar n-athar dúinn is dual, | sgathadh [a shúigh do badh] shámh `sweet were even a spell of its sweetness (?)', Aithd. D. 62.3 = scathad a shuidhi bidh sāmh, ACL iii 236 § 3 . súgh talmhan, tromthoirthe coll, DDána 79.20 (for subh? `toradh', Gloss.). gan súgh mar bhlas a bhracha, 113.18 (`deoch', Gloss.). sugh na heorna barley-water, RC xlix 50.20 . sugh nó silne na cloch ar techadh (= tégad), ACL i 328 § 85 . púdar . . . arna cumusc . . . a subh daingin `to a stiff juice', O'Gr. Cat. 242.17 . In rhetoric: cain s.¤ set gai in cleitīne cain, Ériu i 118 § 9 . In cheville: súgh n-glé, ML 10.17 (cf. sóg).

(b) Specific applications. Of the sap, juice of plants, etc.: ruidhiud fasas a n-aigid in duine tri sug in lossa do cuimilt faethi, Auraic. 5572 . sug in rois doni ruamna na ndrech, 5645 . sithal . . . a sil sugh subh into which drips the juice of berries, SG 111.24 . sugh na sgoth the nectar of flowers, Studies 1923 422 § 10 . cenglait a croinn cu snighenn sugh friu, Marco P. 163 . mar nách roinneand (sic leg.) an crann an suth thairrngeas ón talamh ris na géagaibh, Ó Héodhusa 44.11 . frémh ┐ súgh chroinn na hola, Romans xi 17 . alue[n] .i. sugh luibhi is cosmail risan sgilla, ACL i 325 § 15 . acasia .i. sugh na n-airnedh n-anabaidh, RC ix 243.2 . Hence of wine: súgh cuain foreign wine, DDána 103.19 . súgh caor i gcuachaibh, Measgra D. 58.23 . re súgh bhfíonchaor bhfíneamhna, TD 33.11 .

Of blood: súgh th'ochta an uair do shilis, PBocht 17.15 . súgh an bhuinn ler saoradh sinn, DDána 3.38 . do mhaith sin sugh a ochta | do shúr mholta fhir Eachtgha, RC xlix 169 § 4 . thug sugh a mbrollach gan choigil do Shéamus, 23 G 24 401.5 .

Of milk: súgh bó, Irish Texts iv 51 § 17 . ar shúgh do chíoch d'ól, PBocht. 4.30 . ar son súigh t'ochta d'ibhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 13 . súgh [cíogha] Muire, DDána 26.34 . súgh do chíoch, Keat. Poems 1338 .

Of tears : sugh m'abhra (sic leg.) ag dalladh mo derc, Rel. Celt. ii 256.19 .

Of phlegm : sugh na srona, RC xii 344 § 38 .

Of urine: buain in conlóin a talmuin gein do gabur a sugh ann (of trespasses by dogs), Laws iv 122.14 Comm . ro phetraigset in tír n-uli do phetragugud ┐ do sh.¤ nat[h]rachda `von Schlangengeifer', Alex. 710 = fri etruth (.i. tūt) na natrach, BB 494b41 .

(c) In sense of vigour, energy, strength : in ben tsirg cin sug nirt, Laws i 140.35 Comm . bamar-ni for a ecla, cin seg cin s.¤, amal bemís marb, PH 2967 = cen sead cen sug, YBL 146b25 . co nderna mesc aimnertach é cen sh.¤ cen nert ann, RC xxiii 420.z . ? g. pl. in: ri roraid fri Samúel s.¤ | co nerbarad fri Saúl, SR 5641 . co trethnaib iar srethbruig s.¤ , 6263 .

(d) Perh. essence, inner nature in: riasiu ro fiastar cia aisc cia s.¤ , RC xxvi 16 § 12 .i. cia s.¤ aisci mori fogebi form innate blemish (?), 17 n. 3 . cen s.¤ n-aisgci (`without a particle of blame'), BColm. 82.27 . más fhíor súgh na soisgéala `inner meaning', Aithd. D. 94.30 .

Compd. ¤rúad bloody: gur bho fuinneóga silteacha súghrúadha ochta . . . na n-anradh, ML 130.6 .

5 tó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 tó or dil.ie/41037

x see 1 toth .

1 toth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 toth or dil.ie/41512

n the female pudenda (?) and hence in Irish grammar the feminine gender: t.¤ .i. gach banindsci ┐ cach femen, quia nomen est membri mulieris , Corm. Y 1219 . todh cach mbanda .i. cach ball banda ┐ cach comma banda, Auraic. 1464 . t.¤ (.i. in femen .i. cach banda i tái eadh .i. is é dliged na mban beth i tái), Anecd. v 23.4 . t.¤ .i. gach baininnsce ┐ gach bean, O'Cl.

See 2 moth.

2 toth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 toth or dil.ie/41513
Last Revised: 2013

n sap, juice: stacten .i. gutta .i. tothcrium, Études Celt. xxii 212 § 59 . .i. sūgh, ut dicitur, t.¤ ethlinne .i. sūg ethlinne, O'Mulc. 870. Cf. tút(t).

tút(t), túth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tút(t), túth or dil.ie/42569

n [n. ? Cf. tuth mbracha, O'Curry 1392 infra] smell, stench: co mboi tútt na n-edpart for ut na cathrach, PH 974 . fri etruth (.i. tut) na nathrach, BB 494b41 . la drochthvth na fola, TTr.² 1048 ( LL 404b21 ). tic ... ┐ a srón a n-airde la tuth in croinn `at the smell of the wood,' Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28.16 . tuth na mbachlach aile dochoid immut-so, Irish Texts i 35.17 . bla mein (.i. ide) midclais .i. cia téis tuth mbracha im bein torraigh, O'Curry 1392 ( H 3.18, 631b )= midhclais . . boltanugud, ut est bla mein midhclais .i. cia teis tuth bracha i mbein torraig, O'Dav. 1265. Stokes suggests emending to tút braga `Furzgestank' (see midchlos). tvth na raibhe ag a pianadh, Aisl. Tond. 99.19 . túth trom | do mhúch ... ionn (of butter), TD 37.6 . ? aerc[n]aid fer nó fid .i. idhadh .i. fefe a tuth nó fe a [ḟ]lesc, Anecd. iii 43.25 .

See toithe, 2 toth .