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cúl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúl or dil.ie/13749
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: chúiledh, caúlæ, caula, culad

n o, m. g p. chúiledh, Bard. P. 40.24 . for caúlæ , Mon. Tall. 151.17 . for caula , Ann. Conn. 1235.8 . ar culad , MR 264.z .

(a) back, rear; back of head, neck: cūl a collo , O'Mulc. 255 . o bun irlai co clais a chuil, LL 12968 . it é comlebra for c.¤ ┐ étan, BDD² 747 . tria ch.¤ a cind, TBC-LL¹ 1267 v.l. da nimpōind m'aiged i lleth atā mo chūl, TBC-I¹ 2580 . c.¤ a cinn `back of his head', Stair Erc. 587 . do iompoigh sé a ch.¤ d'imtheacht ó Sh., 1 Sam. x 9 . Also side, edge (?): ata cloch againne danad ainm iris ┐ .u. cula bis uirre, Celtica ii 125.147 . Of head of hair, hair on back of the neck: punnann chúil bhuidhe bhachlaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 583 . fine Chais na ccul ndruimneach, Manners and Customs iii 273 1. 20 of note. c.¤ mar ómra, Keat. Poems 197 . tighearna M. an chúil bhuidhe, O'Rah. 220.2 . In metonymy (pars pro toto ): a ch.¤ na ród `o wavy-tressed Lord', Aithd. D. 70.21 . a fhir ṡochair ┐ a chul urbhaidhi, RC xliii 62.7 . Note also: céad cathbarr . . . / go g-c.¤ trom crest, ML 146.17 .

Appar. protection, keeping (if same word) in: indae do indell i cul [.i.] i comet . . . .i. aindil atai a cul a comet, Laws i 36.y—z . doberind culu (.i. comet) ar gart Find, LL 29424 (B. na filed). cul .i. coimed, Stowe Gl. 275 . cul coimhéd, Metr. Gl. Ff. 30 , 50 . D 45 . cul .i. comairce, O'Curry 2068 ( H 4.22, 67 ). mascul .i. mas fer, ┐ cul, comet, Auraic. 604 . ? C. ó nGuaire ní c.¤ creach, Magauran 173 (see n.).

Attrib. g s. annsin nincind chúil `in the posterior brain', O'Gr. Cat. 181.33 . a inchinn chúil, MR 282.6 . do thuit a cloch cúil d'Eirinn ` buttress-rock ', O'Gr. Cat. 400.3 . a gcloch chúil an gcéin do mhair, DDána 110.1 . a chré chúil supporting bank (of Mary), Aithd. D. 54.2 . an ccéibh ngobhlánuigh ccais ccúil, IGT Introd. § 81 .

In n. pr. Fotharta Fer Cūl, ZCP viii 301.23 .

(b) In phrases: c.¤ fri act of turning one's back on, renouncing; desisting from: c.¤ risin mbith, IGT Decl. ex. 617 . menma re cill / cūl re tuaith, ACL iii 306 § 9 . ní leam c.¤ red chíos-sa `I cannot rid me of my debt', Dán Dé xii 10 . In pn sobriquet C.¤ fri Héirinn (of Colm Cille), ZCP v 497 § 6 . Cf. isam [trú] gan ch.¤ re crudh `with no wealth to rely on (?)', Aithd. D. 62.6 . With vbs.: a ch.¤ do chur re peacadh to renounce sin, DDána 7.8 . iomdha bean . . . / . . . bhíos ag cor a gcúil re chéile, LBranach 5640 . cul do thochar friar naimdibh, Hugh Roe² 46.1 . dorat cul fri clotha who scorned fame (?), BB 299a24 . tuc cūl don loch, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1208 . cul do thabhairt don eagluis Romhanaigh, Luc. Fid. 2855 . ar dtabhairt cúil diath Fhionntoin, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 2 . ni thuccus c.¤ don oineach, BNnÉ 286.25 .

Very freq. with prec. FOR, IAR etc. as adv. phr. (for cúl, cúlu etc. back, backwards ) and as prep. phr. at the back of, behind ). As adv. phr. forcul gl. retro, Ml. 34b15 . techt forculu, 129d3 . dluthad . . . forculu, 50d6 . forculu gl. in terga, 26c8 . airimhthear in geinelach for culu, BB 35a34 . tíagait for cúlu, BDD² 471 . luid insruth forc.¤ , SR 7147 . conda tuc C. . . . for cúlu, Fing. R. 151 . leabhor do clōdh forcula ó theangaidh na T. to translate, Marco P. 1 . nó gur chuir M. ar cúla in céadfuidh sin refuted, Caithr. Thoirdh. 74.25 . A. Ó C. do chur ar cc.¤ `was removed' (of bishop), ALC ii 458.21 . tuile do char ar gcúlaibh, Aithd. D. 88.12 . Note also: a séan catha ar gcúl do-chóidh 'her success in battle vanished', Celtica xxvi 104 § 43 . dol ar cc.¤ ón sttaidd so = depart from, RSClára 17b . coibnes na liachtanu-su for cúla previous, PH 2986 . cēim ar cūlaib a step backwards, ML² 1380 . céim ar cc.¤ , 1462 . fosernd clothrī Connacht īer cūl places himself behind, ZCP viii 108.7 . gan lámh ar gc.¤ uile againn support, Dán Dé xix 18 . an corp . . . / . . . ar gc.¤ do bhaoi beo `came back to life', PBocht 5.39 . geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos, Laws ii 162.1 Comm. rachad ar cc.¤ ┐ ar ccúla ┐ ar ccúlaibh .c. uile, Bard. Synt. Tr. 219.16 . dlegur ar tus a glanadh mailli re neithib inglanas ┐ cuiris an tinnes ar cul, Irish Texts v 32.6 .

As prep. phrase: docoid in grian fora culu gl. solis . . . regressio, Ml. 43d27 . ind raibi athcomare lat iar do ch.¤? `didst thou ask permission of those whom thou didst leave?' Mon. Tall. 135.x . in son file iarcul indi as sanctis `behind', Ml. 37a18 . fuchertat alaim iárna c.¤ gl. auertunt a gremis ad dorsum manum, 93a25 . iarnach. `behind it', Sg. 148b9 . bariagolda anainmmsin arach.¤ , 31b21 (see n.). diatechta briathra in go arac.¤ `if they have verbs in `-go' behind them,' 112b3 . ambís iarna chúul dindséit gl. quae quidem retro sunt, Wb. 24a17 . itá nách cumachta fora cul na n-én sa those birds have some occult power, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). læch . . . is dech robói ar c.¤ scéith ┐ claidib ┐ gai, TFerbe 386 . iar c.¤ na comlad, SR 3208 . ar c.¤ comhóil at a banquet (?), O'Hara 1839 . gabh an cúan ar c.¤ Árann, IGT Decl. ex. 1128 . er cul Peter apstel `on behalf of', Thes. ii 289.18 . is eiside ciado-rat raith iar cul dligid a n-Eire, Laws v 348.2 cited s.v. cul .i. tareis, O'Dav. 480 . cutrumus leth-iarrata . . . ar cul in athur `in aid of', Laws v 200.4 Comm. Hú Néill uile ar c.¤ Coluim `under the protection', Arch. Hib. i 361.3 . moghenar . . . ceall / bias ar cul in meic sin, Lism. L. 1854 . iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib `behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 . bai ica comthuargain ara aghthib ┐ ara culaib `forward and backward', CCath. 3612 . teithid ara cculuibh, BNnÉ 165.18 . dothoguibh Gyi Heront ara cúluib behind him on his horse, ZCP vi 38.34 . go ro chuirseat. . . a mbú . . . i ndroibhélaibh an tíre iar ná ccúlaibh, AFM v 1550.13 .

With DO (DI): co na berad do cul no do taibh `backwards or laterally', Laws iv 292.12 Comm. cet sceinm do cul no do thaeib backwards (of flail), v 158.9 Comm. secht traighi déc do chul no do thaib `behind it', iii 180.10 Comm. is cuma congontis . . . da culaib ┐ da aigid, TTebe 3772 .

Other phrases: dodeochatarside ┐ a c.¤ rempo backwards , LU 118 . tairnid . . . in mbial fora munél ┐ a c.¤ rempi reversed , 9031 ( FB 78 ). Gaoidhil is a gc.¤ re chéile at variance, Aithd. D. 24.13 . na súile i n-aimsir an éaga / . . . do-chím c.¤ ar aghadh iad back to front, DDána 36.8 . tánic C. do le[i]th a chuil co I. from behind, IT ii2 141.x . do chuadar a ndiaigh a ccúil backwards , Gen. ix 23 .

Compds. With nouns: cūlairecht . . . is a suide bīt rīgh ┐ espuic rear assembly, ZCP xii 359.15 . atá cúlaitiri iarna c.¤ , BDD² 605 . culbard ┐ srutbard (in list of dóerbaird), IT iii 5.15 . Ériu xiii 42.11 . bied do cholg culbémend, LU 10362 . fear na cúlchainte backbiter , Párl. na mB. 1762 . la Hīb D. cūlc[h]omét ríg Fer T. rearguard , BColm. 52.30 . cūlchomētaid ┐ dorsaid, Corp. Gen. 94.8 . téid an inghean . . . tré chúldoras back door, Keat. ii 2841 . nicoir átecht fo culḟiacli (of communion particle), Thes. ii 255.18 . cruimh 'na chúilḟíacuil chúasaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 677 . aga culgairm, YBL 152a12 . cúlchaint ┐ cúlghearra, Párl. na mB. 1782 . an cúlghearrthóir `detractor' (Gloss.), 1778 . cuilleabaid chorcoirderg, ZCP x 292.6 . mo chúilleath re croich nDé back , Aithd. D. 62.29 . goro-eidirdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe neck , ZCP xiv 232.13 . cúlmongae foraib, LU 7086 . noragdais fersde charpait triam chūlmuinēl neck, TBC-I¹ 2580 . culreang dromanna a cathmiled ` spines ', MR 314.25 . inda llatt bá culscian srúb cechtar de, LL 33443 `not double-edged', Contribb. 560 . sí ic cúlṡnámh ┐ ic táebsnám swimming on the back, Acall. 3212 . mo theagasc duit ar eagla na cúilstéille ` back-cut ', Ó Bruad. iii 2.3 .

With adjj.: du ri Dail Cais cuilbuidhe fair-haired , BB 271a29 . in barrann (leg. barrḟinn) cuilcenann (of horse), H 3.18, 85b22 . mic Culclain (n. pr. m.), Laws i 150.16 . Ciar Cúldub, Corp. Gen. 31.23 . flaithius ind ḟir chíchmair chulḟind with fair back hair, LL 1273 . Cormac Cúlḟoda .i. c.¤ foddai fair, Cóir Anm. 113 . C. mic Cormaic culglais, Fen. 126.2 . ón Chúlglaiss Chonaill Chernaig (subst. of spear), Anecd. i 37.3 . le cloinn chúillebair Cholmán, SG 65.46 . loṅgas nacúllom (of the Danes), SR 2378 .

With adjj. formed from nouns: m. Orni Cūlbennaig, ZCP viii 334.11 . an cúlchainteach munabrach, Párl. na mB. 1772 . do phearsanaibh cúlráidhteach, 1483 . a n-aghaidh Guill chúil-sgathaigh, Duan. F. i 13.29 `bushy-headed (?)', Gloss.

See cúil, cúlad, and cúltech.

2 pell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 pell or dil.ie/34262
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fell, fill, bill

n o, m. also fell, a horse (confined to poetry and B. na f. < 1 pell by pars pro toto, Ériu liii 151 ): peall .i. ech, Corm. Y 244 . fell .i. ech, 580 , 649 . n p. fill, 581 . peall .i. each, O'Cl. gabhar ocus mairc is peall ar na heachaibh, Metr. Gl. Ff. 19 . g s. ructhar i capp (.i. i carr) i ndiaid phill (.i. eich), LU 436 = bill, RC xx 148 ( ACC § 2 Comm. ). da n-óo eich (no pill), RC xi 436 n. dá ó phill . . . .i. dá chluais chapaill, Keat. ii 2697 . ? li dathpill the hue of a coloured (? piebald) horse, IT iii 96 § 153 , cf. Bruchst. i § 45 .

sirem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sirem or dil.ie/37670
Last Revised: 2013

 

n [? orig. n, m.] (sirid, LEIA S-117 ).a mite or tick (?): sirem .i. īarsinnī sires ō luc do luc in capite et in toto corpore , Corm. Y 1138 . do leighios na s.¤ ┐ ar míl bís a ndreich, O'Gr. Cat. 179.3 (`to cure the itch and face-worms'). síreamh .i. galar, no tinneas, O'Cl. (? arising out of a misunderstanding of Corm.).

sirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sirid or dil.ie/37676

 

Forms: siriud, súr

v i (see Bergin, Ériu viii 196 and IGT Verbs § 71 ). Trans.

(a) orig. ranges, traverses, wanders through; of disease, spreads through: sírid in rindide ṅuile ó hisul co huasal, Thes. ii 22.39 ( BCr. 33d3 ). in Bude Conaill, co rosirestar Hérinn hule, ┐ conafarcaib acht cech tres dune . . . i mbethaid, 299.1 ( Hy. i pref . ). sirem .i. īarsannī sires ō luc do luc in capite et in toto corpore , Corm. Y 1138 . donn .i. cuirm, ut est siris donn dibeoil .i. srethnaigi[d] in donn sin .i. in linn, do urlabra do neoch, O'Dav. 666 . taitnet gabra lir i sam | sella roisc roṡíri Bran, Imr. Brain 36 . siridh ┐ feghaidh brughe parrthais, Lat. Lives 109.7 . sirfid in noíndin hi fot, LU 6605 . no sirfed in Cú in m[b]ith mbras | co fagbad liaig da leges, 3554 ( SCC 29 ). ro ṡirsit . . . hErind hule oc iarraid mna . . . dó, IT i 118.19 ( TE 2 ). ra ṡirset na daim hErind uili inn aidchi sin `durchjagten', TBC-LL¹ 6166 . coroshir Herinn da bliadain, Mór M. 2 . iasg ingnad sirus an sāl, Ériu iii 145 § 24 . ro sir [in teidm] fo chethri hairdib Erenn, RC xvii 416.24 (Tig.). dia sirmis Ere ni fuigbithea ni bud mó, MR 16.y . an t-each . . . | as ferr dosir fér is fonn, BS 106.18 . sirfidh Éirinn na gheilt ghlas, 6.y . siridh uile Fiadh Fuinidh, TD 10.26 . sir na margaidh, a mheic Airt; | bíoth ad bhél: búta ar mhalairt, L. Cl. A. B. 121.49 . ac Cluan Ferta na sreabh mbán | sire Mágh Life lomlán (to a blackbird), Celt. Rev. x 137.23 . ní fhuil baile . . . | nachar shíreas don fhionnmhuigh Fháil seo, Keat. Poems 448 . Note also: ro-shir diamra in tshlebi do'n tarb, ┐ nocon fhuair searched, PH 7181 . ? Intrans. ranges : abb Ēirenn Amalgoidh ōg | fa sir danarghraigh (sic leg.) dar drūcht, ACL iii 307 § 23 . ? To this: roelai nó rosír (gloss on conselai), Thes. ii 342.34 .

(b) betakes oneself to, seeks out, has recourse to: dosir lega Erenn dia legius ┐ ni fuair slánti uathaib, RC xii 326 § 14 . siridh draoithe ┐ deghealadhnacha an domhuin ┐ dénaidh fios ┐ fogluim aca, Comp. CC 72.27 . sirthar duinn in fer-sin, PH 205 . do shir mé an Tighearna, Psalms lxxvii 2 . níor fhágbhas ann rígh ná flaith | nochar shíreas, Oss. iv 86.23 . ? To this: bean do ṡir ḟear n-úaigneasa | budh bean ḟir at égmhuissea, IGT Decl. ex. 1056 .

(c) seeks for, asks, demands; beseeches, implores, solicits: in talamh ica tái iarradh ar Dhia . . . is amhlaidh sin fagheba in talamh shire, Lat. Lives 108.13 . an scur rosirsiubair ar in cat[h] cathardha, CCath. 5483 . co sir a berradh air, Laws v 472.10 Comm . in tiasacht sirit na baith, O'D. 1338 (Eg. 3.5, 18, col. 2 ). an tí ṡires ní ar gach nech | ní dhlighenn beith gan oinech, ZCP viii 109 § 2 . dā sirinn a meic nō a mnā | ar an laochraid sin, 219 § 9 . rosir maitim a pecadh dó, RC xii 324 § 8 . sirid in caire do biathad rig Ulad, MR 54.4 . ac comhall cach itchi dá sirfider fair, SG 24.14 . ro sirit braigde fair, Cog. 118.23 . roshirset logad ┐ leges a peccaid doib, PH 244 . sirid cend Eoin Bauptaist, ol in máthair, 901 . do ṡiredar ar deseirc ar mac Uilliam can beth aca in oidche sin, ALC i 300.6 . ro sir se tend ┐ tigernus ar Mac nDiarmata iar sin `demanded (recognition of his) dominion . . .', Ann. Conn. 1315.7 . 'ca imradh an cath rocomorfad no an sid rosirfead ar cach, TTebe 1185 . lus na sláinte siridh dhamh, DDána 2.1 . ní shirfeadh éaraic eile | orra ar-aon acht aithrighe, 5.20 . cairt ó rígh Shaghsan do shir, Aithd. D. 30.21 . siridh Dia lá éigin air | iodhbairt a éinmhic ionmhain, PBocht 23.31 . siris Domhnall . . . | sgéal ar an ollamh, TD 3.29 . ná sir forus nach foighi, IGT Decl. ex. 1127 . ag siredh a n-iderghuidhesion do chum De, Luc. Fid. 205.x .

(d) inquires concerning : ro sirmais a n-anmand uile, LL 210a37 . is aire shirim fort a ndelb, co findara in n-iat tanic chucam hir-rer, PH 440 . do shireas ortha adhbhar na muinighine ata aca, Donlevy xxii 9 .

(e) seeks (to do or to get), attempts, desires; cach fer accaibh iarrus rochtoin . . . co a muintir sired alloss imberta a claidim, CCath. 5486 . gibe díbh gebhus righe, | ná siritt (= -et) slata 'na ndoid | acht ó fhior ionaid Maodhóicc, BNnÉ 258.y . dá sirinn clódh an chroidhe | fa chumann d'éis Órlaidhe `if I tried to check my heart', Aithd. D. 12.24 . dol lem shúil gé do shireadh `though it sought to please me', PBocht 3.25 . féuch ceann Isboset . . . do shir do bhás, 2 Samuel iv 8 .

Verbal of necess. ní sirthe dhuit | . . . an chlú, PBocht 6.39 .

See sechem sirite, s.v. sechem.

Vn. siriud, súr.

tóit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tóit or dil.ie/41309

 

n [ā], f. (Lat. totus) whole, totality: toit .i. uiliataidh, no uilidhe, O'Cl. boi cartoit .i. toit lán do deseircc, ACC § 76 . ní mó is airbern a rand oltás a thoitt, ar ata ulidétaid ┐ toitt chomlan chuirp Crist in cech arrandus de, LB 257b54 . totus a bunadh ruidleasa ... .i. freagra du thoit na haibgitrech dobeir sund `a reference to the whole of the alphabet,' Auraic. 315 . pars pro tota ┐ tota pro parte .i. in rand dareis na toiti ┐ in toiti dar eis na rainni, Auraic. 664 = pars pro toto et totam pro pairte .i. in rand tar eis na toiti et in toit tar eis na rainde, 3279 . aisneis rainne for t.¤ no aisneis toite for raind, PH 5656 . déntar oen toit de, O'D. 528 ( H 3.17, col. 428 ). maraidh a ttoitt (.i. ina iomlaine) a ttorainn | rannsat a ccoig cen chreidhim, Leb. Gab.(i) 128.5 = marid t.¤ a tóraind, LL 7b1 . dia lotar 'na tóitib trell | cóic cóicid áille Érenn, Metr. Dinds. iv 194.17 .

Cf. asrenar for tota, O'Curry 67 ( H 3.18, 24b ). brugh Ulbhania tenne t.¤ (tinne threoit, v.l.) | o muir Caisp cusin Meoit, PRIA xvi 236 § xxvi .

totmáel, etc., see 1 tuid.