Search Results

Your search returned 8 result(s).

genn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. genn or dil.ie/25681

Forms: geinn

n d, f. (n s. also geinn) a wedge, a block (of wood, etc.) : co n-dechaid gend (geinn, Eg.) trit fri fosad a edain anair, IT ii2 242.16 . geann orda tri ndornd ina laim `a hammer-shaped (?) wedge,' Ériu xi 98.22 ( H 3.18, 227a ). gius in geind doratad trethe (of the cross of Christ), Ir. Gl. p. 79 , 23 . gat, ngend, sust (sub `ogam tirda'), Auraic. 5727 . g s. biail innraic, airtem fod a genned, O'Curry 884 ( H 3.18, 395b ). pl. ro dúnait ... doirsi na cathrach ... do genntibh ┐ do glasaibh, CCath. 1712 . robǣ ind recless ... cona gendibh gered, MacCongl. 123.10 . do shonnaibh do sabhaibh ┐ do ghinntibh, Hugh Roe f. 78a . dobertsat clocha ┐ geinnte i ngonna mór d' ordanás, AFM vi 2272.z .

? Compd. See gendmíl.

giús

Cite this: eDIL s.v. giús or dil.ie/25910

Forms: giúis, giúsa

n o, m. (g s. and n p. giúis and giúsa, IGT Decl. § 38.7 ) a fir-tree, a pine: crand gíus (gl. pinus), Ir. Gl. 563 . ochtach .i. in crand giuís, Laws iv 148.5 Comm. Auraic. 1194 . gort .i. gius, 5521 . One of the `airigh fedha,' 1153 . cethri fedha na croiche .i. cupriss, cedir, giús, beithe, ZCP iv 235 n. 23 . Cf. viii 107.17 . Cf. also: gius in geind doratad trethe (of the Cross), Goid. 66.10 . giús in crann bhoi etarbhuas, ib. n. = ZCP viii 107.18 . crand gíuis noadratís na gente, RC ii 394.9 . O'Dav. 1253 . a haithin[n]i giuis for derglassad ina láimh (= excutiens pronam flagranti vertice pinum, Luc. Phars. i 573 ), CCath. 903 . Alex. 656 . d'indlucud tri seolcrand ngiusa, Cog. 142 n. 3 (v.l. to giusaig). de gíus dogníth a tech, LL 248b45 ( TBFr. 76 ). gég don ghiús, IGT Decl. ex. 1052 . as fás én ngioghrann tre ghiús, ex. 1960 . rothelc ... an gius ngarbhsnoighthe, TTebe 3674 . an crann giumhais, an crann píne, Isaiah lx 13 . dfíodhbhadh giumhuis, 2 Samuel vi 5 . imat crann giúaiss, Fl. Earls 84.x .

imdorus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imdorus or dil.ie/27500

n u, n. later o, m. frame of a door, lintel (?), porch, portico: iomdhoras .i. fordhoras, O'Cl. .i. fardhoras, or rather, ard-doras `the lintel of a door,' P. O'C. inna imdoirsea inna loc cossecarthae gl. claustra, Ml. 92d5 . ro derscaigestar a tech ... eter irscartad ocus i.¤ do thigib inna hamsiri sin uli, LU 8048 (FB). do-bert a luie frisin comlai co Iluid a chos trethe corice a glún ... to-bert ... a lue afridisi co mboí a n-i.¤ isin tenlug fó, MU² 964. co fordoirsibh cuiprisibh co dtairsightibh segdha ... cona comladaibh gorma ... co mbreactradh do gemaibh criostail im cech n-i.¤ `round every door-frame,' TBC-LL¹ 5609. iar mbrised do Phirr ind imdorais ┐ iar tafhonn na cométaide robátar isin dorus, TTr.² 1884. ar fot ... na n-urdhom ┐ na n-imdhorsi im puplib inn airdrigh, CCath. 4442. co dorus érdaim imdorais in dúnaid dīanechtair `to the outer door of the entrance porch of the fortress,' MacCongl. 87.21 . tar imdhóirsibh na Temrach `through the gates of Tara,' Duan. F. i 57.17 . teit iarsin Sibill reme i n-umdorus iffirn, Aen. 1294. adhnait ... teinte ┐ tennāla ... a n-imdoirsip a tteghdhuissighe, Fl. Earls 186.x . iomdhorus um an dteach i dtám | sreath clár as tiormsholus taobh `the portcullis of the castle I am in,' DDána 119 § 17 (transltd. Ir. Monthly 1923, 641 § 17 ).

Used fig. of the eyes, eyelids ? : druidis an Coimdhe imdoirsi a amhairc gur bo dall, BNnÉ 322 § 32. tar imdoirsib a imcaisi, MR 270.3 . d'osslugad imdorais a roisc, 114.11 .

1 lúa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lúa or dil.ie/30750

Forms: lue, lue, luie, lue, lau, lua, láu, luu, lū, lua, lú, luí

n earlier lue (disyll.?) [io] n s. lue, Sg. 50a20 . a s. luie, MU² 959. lue, 963 . d s. lau (láu, lua, vll.), BDD² 929. láu, LU 9388. luu, LU 9699. LL 277a42 . lū, Cáin Ad. 23. n d. dha lua , ZCP iii 378.12 = dā lú , v 484.1 . Perh. orig. same word as luí, which, however, differs in gender and inflection. See also Études Celt. xxxiii 81-82 .

I

(a) heel, foot; hoof (in some exx. could equally be transl. kick, cf. follg. sections): sal nó lue gl. calx (`heel or kick'), Sg. 50a20 . tēora gāire mallacht for cech ferscāl nomuirbfeth mnái a deis nā clí ná lū nā tengaid, Cáin Ad. 23 . lúth mo da l.¤ (glossed mo choiss) `the vigour of my heels', Ériu i 72 § 1. In B. na f. dha lua is lethreann diobh go losg `two feet and one of them lame', ZCP iii 378. 12 = dā lú, v 484.1 . focheird úir da luib taris hooves, LL 8852 ( TBC-LL¹ 1491 ) (of the `Dond Cualnge'). Perh. also in follg.: ó mir nó ó dúrnn nó o l.¤ (lau, BDD2) `with a bite(?) or a blow or a kick', BDD 94. col-lūib ┐ co ndornaib `with kicks and blows of his fists', Ériu ii 24.12 . cin coisi . . . .i. in lua, Laws i 240.16 Comm .

(b) With verbs of striking etc. spurns (in lit. sense), kicks: dobert a luie frisin comlai colluid a chos trethe , MU² 959. atnaig a l.¤ frisin muine luachrái `he gives his kick to the rush-brake', Fél. 180.24 . doratas mo lua fris `I gave my kick to it', 27 . atacomcussa com láu/condarrala i mbrosnacha, LU 9388 . ata-biu com luu I will slay her with my kick, ZCP iii 216.5 (= LU 9699 , LL 277a42 ). dobered lua do `he would give him a kick', TTebe 259 .

(c) In phr. l.¤ fri: lue fri lūag (luige re lōg, v.l.) one who tramples on (spurns) his wages(?), Bruchst. i 29 § 64 . lua [fri] brot, Aen. 751 , cf. ba lua fri borb ┐ ba beim cind fri hall kicking against a goad, LL 225b38 ( TTr. 629 ).

(d) blow with the heel, kick : tuc C. lua da choiss friasi, LL 7491 . rabretha trénlua tarpech da choiss úad, 9847 ( TBC-LL¹ 2776 ). is dúaig in lua . . . sin, 11206 ( TBC-LL¹ 4411 ). a bedg, no redg, no lua `a start, or a fit, or a kick', Laws iii 180.17 Comm .

See 6 lúa.

1 secht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 secht or dil.ie/36788
Last Revised: 2013

indecl. num. adj. Nasalizes follg. initial.

seven : s.¤ quasi sept, ab eo quod est septim , Corm. Y 1143 . it s.¤ cét gl. DCC, Thes. ii 29.33 ( BCr. 42c2 ). co cend s.¤ lathi na sechtmaine, CRR 53 .

I As adj.: s.¤ maicc Cathboth, Thes. ii 240.17 (Ardm.). it s.¤ ṅ-ocht gl. septies octoni, ib. 20.36 ( BCr. 33a5 ). tír dá s.¤ cumal, Críth G. 153 . céssad s.¤ mbráthre, Fél. July 10 . s.¤ n-aisli . . . seacht ndēalt, Corm. Y 447 (p. 38.6 - 7 ). Every article in the Heptads begins: ataid secht n- . . . e.g. atait s.¤ ratha la Feine, Laws v 224.1 . atait s.¤ ngialla giallaither la Feine, 216.17 . don athgabail a mbia s.¤ cumulu déc `the distress in which there are seventeen `cumhals', i 224.3 Comm . deich ríg ar s.¤ fictib ríg, LU 6527 . ní thuar sibh na seacht dtighe `the Seven Mansions', Aithd. D. 56.20 . isna s.¤ n-eladhnaibh . . . saera, Stair Erc. 970 . anmanna . . . na seacht Sácramuinteadh ┐ na seacht bpeacaidheadh marbhtha, Donlevy vi 6 .

Probably this number had some magical significance: secht ndoruis isin bruidin ┐ secht sligeda trethe ┐ secht tellaige indi ┐ secht cori, Sc.M² 1 . secht meóir cechtar a dá choss, TBC-LL¹ 1371 . secht meic imleasan i rīgrosc Con C., TBC-I¹ 2611 .

seven times : uisci co .uii. tes na tene seven times as hot, RC xxiv 374.18 . cérba tróm in tóisech, i[s] sechttruma in dédenach, MacCongl. 61.16 . nem uar aigreta . . . as glaisiu cach ligdath, as sechtuairiu snecta, Ériu ii 110 § 27 . mo shoighníomh . . . | gomadh seacht gcoimhlíon é is m'olc, DDána 42.15 . múr as seacht ngloine ná grian, Dán Dé xxvii 20 .

fo s.¤ seven times : acairbiu hé fo s.¤ andá tír na pían fessin, LU 2221 ( FA 29 ). maircc aga mbeitt na táille | . . . maircc fo ṡeacht . . . don tí . . ., Irish Texts iv 189 § 21 . é fēin do nighe fá sheacht i sruth Iordáin, TSh. 1820 . rommain Gabriel gobo secht, KZ xxix 374.y .

II Used absolutely: cis lir fuillechta for suidib? A s.¤ , Críth G. 317 . dligid cumail fora s.¤ | dó a díriu dán, 464 . As subst. a group of seven things, a heptad : cid dinig di inchaib neich inna .vii. sa these seven things, Críth G. 307 . arná torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech cáich, 303 . coir a n-airimh 'na sechtuibh, Lism. L. 3292 . oén for trí s.¤ doriacht and | . . . `one and thrice seven came thither', Metr. Dinds. iii 98.25 .

? To this: cia seacht sisat sidh gan eagla | cís ní doghair oes eiscí, IT iii 62.11 = cia du i luidh fúinedh greiniu? | cia seacht siecht sith gan eccla?, Leb. Gab.(i) 264.12 (glossed: i fearonn mhaith co siothamhail, gan uamhan).

Compds. In compds. secht normally lenites, but see secht-(n)delbach below. (a) with adjj. derived from nouns, and with past participles; (b) with nouns in the singular meaning usually sevenfold , but somet. the conception seems to be plural.

(a) ¤airdech bearing seven tokens (?): cona srīan s., MacCongl. 122.33 (`seven-pointed', Gloss.). each boccasach dubhghlas fái ┐ srían sechtairghech óir fris, Acall. 3776 v.l. (`worth seven herds', Gloss.). ¤amserach of the seven ages (?): Senach s., IT iii 53.23 (= FS Mackay, p. 230 ). ¤blíadnach having had a reign of seven years : fa rí sona sechtblīadhnach, ZCP viii 108.18 = Irish Texts iv 42 § 1 . ¤chéimnech seven-runged : isin árud secht-ceimnech tarfas do Iacob eter neam ┐ talam, PH 8010 . ¤chosach having seven legs or supports : oilén secht-chosach, BNnÉ 90 § 194 .

¤(n)delbach having seven forms : di thetacht in spírto secht-ndelbich sin, Thes. i 496.27 (Ardm.). triasin spirut sechtṅdelbach, Ériu xi 105.4 (sechtdelbach, v.l.). in Spírta saér sechtdelbaig, SR 7112 . la handord chiuil sechtdealbaigh `with a song of sevenfold melody', Ériu ii 128 § 95 . canaid sin céol uii. ndelbach, RC xxiv 379.30 . isin chaindelbra shecht-delbach . . . i ḟigair . . . in spiruta sechtdelbaig, PH 5528 - 9 .

¤ernaligthe (part. of *ernalaigid, denominative of ernail q.v.): i ḟigur-sin na patri secht-ernaligthi `seven-membered petition', 8011 . ¤ḟillte sevenfold, containing or arranged in seven layers or folds : dī chūarán . . . do dondlethar sechtfhillte, MacCongl. 9.22 . triasin sgiath sechtfillte ┐ triasin luirigh tredualaigh, Aen. 3188 . nathair suaichnid sechtfhillti, TTebe 494 . ¤ḟilltech sevenfold : cia lín in uird sin. ní handsa. septiplex .i. uíí. filltech, LB 277a48 . lethansciath sechtfhilltech, Stair Erc. 1243 . ¤grádach containing seven orders : . . . ro-inshorcaig ind eclais secht-gradaig isin t[s]ollamain tshechtmainech-sa in Chengcaigis, PH 5530 . ¤legtha : iarann . . . sit[h]rigin sechtlegta `seven times smelted', CCath. 5243 . claidem cruaidhgher . . . sechtleghtha, Aen. 2500 . ? ¤monach, ? ¤maínech: master of seven tricks (?) or seven treasures (?): am dún díthogail | amhail anscuigthe | am lia luagmar | am sen sechtmonach, IT iii 53.27 = am sen .uíí. mainech, 54.17 .

(b) ¤bairgen a sevenfold loaf (?) or seven loaves (?): in t-étach budéin ar trese . . . ┐ in s. ar sechtmaidh ┐ in fled croligi ar mís, O'D. 1628 ( H 5.15, 16a ). gan s. rēill re cobair, ZCP ix 174 § 32 . ¤chaindel: nī bāiter mo ṡ. `may my seven candles not be extinguished', FS Mackay 230.15 (= IT iii 53.25 ). ¤chúairt sevenfold circuit : Used as predicative adj. is s. in nem (?) immon talmain imacuairt `the heaven hath seven circuits round about the earth', Ériu ii 110 § 29 . ¤díabul: seachddiabal suad 'the seven-fold of a sage ' UR 22.31 . ¤dígal sevenfold vengeance : fair doberthar s., SR 1996 . Secht-ḟili npr. meic Ṡechtfilead, BB 146e7 . ¤mac one of seven sons : co mair ria gairm ngel . . . | a ainm sel mar cach s., Metr. Dinds. iv 190.12 . s. robaí ac Dáire `a family of seven sons', 136.37 . rotréic sogairm na secht-macc (: acht, debide), 192.28 . ¤ord(d) `arrangement by sevens, a row of seven' (TBFr. Gloss.): ed a écosc in taige: sechtordd and, secht n-imdai ó thein co fraig . . ., TBFr. 71 . Or read secht n-ordd, Éigse xviii 93-94 . ? ¤sess a boat of seven benches, seven-bencher (?): vii. vii. sese 'seven seven-benchers' Celtica viii 101-2 .

seim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. seim or dil.ie/36912
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: seim

n n, n. later m. seim m. g s. [seama], IGT Decl. § 41.7 .

a rivet : búi Creidne cerd fri dēnam semand issna gāib, Corm. Y 975.5 . semind .i. sēm ō ind (s.¤ coa hinn, v.l.), 1149 (cf. séim co hind, LL 186a29 ). lágen mór . . . .l. semmend trethe , LU 7702 . scíath cróderg ro brecad do ṡemandaib findruine, BDD² 967 . bruth .i. s.¤ gae, O'Dav. 197 . bidh égcomluath taithmiuch in druing briathar ┐ bédis tuaghnadhmann semen, 397 . go ro lúpsatar . . . a slega ó a rennaib (sic leg.) go a semannaib, TBC-LL¹ 3813 . sleg . . . co cethrachait semmend i suidigud a hindsma, LL 237b43 ( TTr. 1551 ). fidba cen ṡ. (one of three dangerous things of which warning must be given), Triads 172 . nī dílfa sin s.¤ saighde ort that will not repay you an arrow-rivet (i.e. you will not get the least return for it), ZCP vi 272 § 9 . ro sníit a slegha da semannaib `were wrenched from their rivets', Manners and Customs ii 241 n . go cceithre seamonnaibh ag a chomhfhosadh for an ccrann ccomhdhaingean, CRR² 26 (78.21) (of a croísech). benaid semanna chleath cáol | gremanna a táobh each fá íor, IGT Decl. ex. 1142 . semeann .i. seamanna, no tairrngeadha beaga bhios tré chro sleighe, no ga isin gcrann aga ndaingniughadh re aroile, O'Cl. a nail : dearg a throigh i dtarrla an s.¤ , Dán Dé xxvi 7 .

Fig. of people : budh anbhfann dóibh greim an ghlais | is a sheim óir 'na fhéagmhais 'weak will they find the grip of the lock since its golden rivet is wanting', Giolla Brighde 22 § 1 (on death of Gormfhlaith, daughter of Domhnall Mór). Hence a supporter, follower (?): semend .i. laoch, ut est cét semenn cotnoi .i. is dé dlegar tobach for Luighne dontí cométas cét laoch nó cét ceile nó cet gaisgedhach, O'Dav. 1437 . Cf. semanna .i. cumdach no dín; no semanda .i. ceile no rath, O'Curry 2064 ( H 4.22, 66b ) (i.e. a man's vassals and stock are `rivets' to him, Plummer MS. notes). is ē crō randtar ar līn semmann: trīan do crū deirbfine . . . ┐ trīan donaib flaithib . . . ┐ trīan don tslūagh nodsaig leo-sum, Ériu i 215.9 .

Compds. ¤chló a rivet, a spike : sect semann-clui uriarainn co remet medoinmeoir miledh in cach s. arna sadudh . . . tre cro-innsma gacha craisigi, CCath. 5308 - 9 . ? ¤chrann: dia gelgae airgide ┐ di semcrand (sic leg.) snasai indib de credumae `two smooth riveted shafts', RC xii 60 § 16 . ¤fhoebrach: an cú glan seamfhaobhrach seang, DDána 112.11 (: ghearrshaoghlach). ¤laigen a riveted lance : cona semonnlaighnibh siothfoda slinnlethna, Hugh Roe 142.11 . ¤lúbtha with bent rivets: slega . . . seamlúpta, MR 238.26 .

slige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. slige or dil.ie/37937
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: slighe

and t, f. vn. of sligid.

I Act of felling, smiting; a slaughter : s.¤ assar `slaughter of the Assyrians', Ml. 51c17 . drong adbul Eusébi | cérbo gúr a s.¤ `though sore was their slaying', Fél. Nov. 7 . bá misi in caur claidebrúad iar sligi na sluag, LU 9352 . oc sligi in catha remib, TBC-LL¹ 809 n. 1 . iar n-araib ecrat iar fortbiu buiden iar s.¤ air, LL 116b3 . fria díth deg-fer ┐ dég-doine ┐ fri s.¤ [ḟ]oirber ┐ fhír-loech, LB 122b46 . Fig. clearing away (of errors): amal bid horaili nuasligi . . . .i. conaicert som in tintud septien hi tosuch .i. intan foruirim obell ┐ astric foir ┐ roásaiset drissi ina senchomrorcan tar sodin . . . conrícht les inna allslige, Ml. 2a6 .

Note also: s.¤ gl. pecten, Sg. 54a10 (see note). Cf. slinn (c).

II Hence of what is cleared or cut out road, way, path (in this sense usually t, f., but cf. BDD² 151 , etc.)

(a) s.¤ . . . dorronad fri himc[h]omrac da c[h]arpat, Corm. Y 1082 . via .i. slighe, Ir. Gl. 112 . imrulaid remi Cú Chulainn i tremdírgi na sliged, i n-athgardi na conar, MU² 54 . íar sligi di ṡligthib na Temrach, BDD² 151 . secht ndoruis isin bruidin ┐ secht sligeda trethe , Sc.M² 1 . is edh is coimdegh sleibi and, a slighthi, Laws v 324.16 Comm . in t-sligi mór sa imthéit sechond gia leth imthéit, TBC-LL¹ 1143 . anmand na sliged dochuatar cethri ollchoiced hErend i crích Ulad, 301 . aes n-imthechta no tastil sliged, 148 . ic slataigecht sliged Saxan, CRR 7 . na lenaid frithrót na frithchassán acht lenaid in sligid móir, Mer. Uil. 146 . do-ralatar doib . . . da dhall ar or na sliged, PH 4409 . bhí leabhar maith slighedh accuséin an itinerary, SG 23.17 . gabthur drumchla secht slighthedh, IGT Decl. ex. 27 . da craisech . . . co n-ocht slightib seimi sleman-rignibh grooves (of a spear), CCath. 5300 . cet sliged permission to pass : co ttuccsat ced slige dhó, AFM iv 978.7 . an fuighedh se ced slighedh uatha trena cathraigh, Stair Erc. 1857 . éirge sliged waylaying, highway robbery, see s.v. éirge. Fig. s ét ┐ s.¤ na sualach, PH 4672 . slighe pecech nemhglan do bí ac popul na Erenn, Expugn. Hib. 66 . mairg bis ar sligid báeguil, ACL iii 215 § 3 . agá sheóladh i slighe na subháilceadh go neamh, TSh. 8589 . slighe an eagnaidh nochan fhuil | ag Éirinn d'éis Í Cheallaigh, Aithd. D. 10.17 . s.¤ an chreidmhe . . . | do dhorchuigh Ádhamh oruinn, Dán Dé vi 5 . do thréig mé . . . | mo shlighthe docra diamhra, Studies 1918, 617 § 7 . foillsigh, a hTighearna, do shlighthe dhamhsa `O Lord, teach me thy paths', Donlevy 340.1 . galar na sligheadh (a kind of fit, epilepsy ?), Eochairsg. 125.33 . ar oen-ṡ. together : taos goirt arna berbad ar aonsligi riú, Rosa Angl. 224.12 . rochaithsid frais fergach da n-armaibh ar aenslighidh ris simultaneously, ZCP vi 274.31 . roiarsad uili ar aenslighi sídh do diuice Loren, 78.7 . do chuir sloigh mora ar aeinshlighidh `he collected together great armies', ITS xix 6.2 .

(b) journey, way, course : ar a shlighidh go Baile Átha Clíath fuair bás, Rel. Celt. ii 166.14 . do ghabh slighe na Rómha chuigi as a aithle he set out for Rome, SG 30.9 . mar īoc a sligedh `to pay their way', Fl. Earls 26.21 . don chomhrádh do chanus ribh | focal seachad san slighidh | féchtar libh nár léig tusa, L. Cl. A. B. 65.10 . a bhuille ┐ sí ar slighidh | do ní uirre a fhóiridhin, PBocht 23.34 . Fig. coccadh mór eile . . . do thaobh t-shéolta ┐ t-shlighedh [U]í Néll, AU iii 542.23 .

(c) a theme (in composition): aisdrigh na slighthe seanma travel the ways of music (to a harper), Studies 1919, 39 § 2 . do sinn slithi senma cuir ┐ puirt, Fianaig. 58.14 . ní slighe dhíomhaoin dom dhán `no vain theme for my song', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 14 . samhail a bhfuinn sin ná a slighe, DDána 17.18 . anmanna ghairmid fili mar fhairsinge dá s.¤ `to give variety to their theme', Content. xviii 155 .

(d) way, means, method : cethre sligthe imdénta four methods of proof, O'D. 1957 ( Eg. 90, 7a ). no go fuair . . . slighe air a bfuasgladh a means to release him, Rel. Celt. ii 206.15 . dh'eagla . . . slighthe do thabhairt do cach dochum a lochtuighthe, Luc. Fid. 235.18 . na slightheadh iomadamhla re mbrisdear na hAitheanta, Donlevy viii 9 . ceann glóirinmhe an tighe tall | slighe fhóiridhne ar n-anmann, Aithd. D. 75.42 .

(e) slighe a sect, faction , Eg. Gl. 548 . ? Cf. lucht eiritice nó saobh-chreidimh nó droch-tsligheadh = 'any heresy or sect', Carswell² 81.2840 .

1 tre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tre or dil.ie/41608
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tri, tre, tri, tre, tré, trí, -i, thr, thrempi, tria, trie, tríd, tríd, trit, trit, tres, tre, tres, tresin, tresind, tresan, trésan, trisin, trissin, triasin, triasand, triasan, tresa, tressa, tres, trisa, trissa, triasa, tresna, trésna, trisna, triasna, trium, tríom, triut, triut, trit-su, treot, treót, thréodsa, thriodsa, tríod, triit, tríit, tríit, triitt, trit, tríd, th-, thrít, thríd, tree, trée, treæ, trea, tre(i)the, -i, trithe, trithi, tríthe, th—, thríthi, thríthe, triunni, tríonn, trín-ne, th-, thrínn, thrín, triib, triuib, tribh, treu, tréu, treo, tréu, tréo, treothu, treotho, treotha, tretho, tretha, trithu, tritha, tríotha, thríotha, trithibh, treamhum, tréamham, treamham, tremut, tromud, tromhat, tre(i)m(h)it, -d, treimheit, treimhid, trempi, troimpi, thrempi, trempu, treampa, treampa, treompo, trompa, triomhtha, tríom, tromham, treamham, tríod, tríot, tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat, tríd, troimhe, treimhe, tríotha, trithe, troimpe, treimpe, troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit, trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn, tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh, tríotha, trompa, treampa, trem, trim, triam, trit, triat, tret, tred, trét, tria, tría, triánn, trea, tr, thre, tré, triana, trena, trina, tréna, treimhid, trīd, triar, trear, tre, trénar, tri, tri, tre, tre, tre, trialaile, trinaroile, trenaroili, trít, tremi-, tris-, tre-

prep. with acc. (later also with dat. Cf. tri suidib, Ml. 56b15 ), leniting (see GOI § 856 ). Apart from Ml, tre is the commoner form in the O. Ir. Glosses. tri, however, is frequent in Wb, and is the usual form in Ml (tre, Ml. 16a25 , 96a6 ). It is also found (much less commonly than tre) in Sg. (27a2 , 188a8 , 189b2 , 195b1 , 197b4 , 201b3 , 213b8 ). tré is written with length-mark at Sg. 159a1 , and frequently in the later language. trí (with length-mark) occurs at Wb. 12c34 , Tur. 103 , Acr. 11c5 , Ml. 2d5 , 14c16 , 22b1 , 30a9 , etc. The form in -i is infrequent after the Old Irish period ( tri, Sc.M² 5 , Rosa Angl. 196.23 , ZCP vi 63.12 , 70.8 ). With lenition of t- thr, LU 10606 (cf. thrempi, PH 268 , and the Mod. Ir. forms with pron. suff. infra). The form tria is fairly common in all periods outside the O. Ir. Glosses: Thes. ii 300.9 , 331.4 , Hib. Min. 244 , Laws ii 374.12 , Mon. Tall. 154.4 , IT i 19.37 , PH 7431 , BDD² 1295 , Maund. 57 , and is the usual form in SR (168 , 1926 , 3128 ). trie, IT i 267.24 . The form with pron. suff. 3 s. tríd is used as simple prep. in Mod. Ir.: tríd fhear, IGT Introd. 19.5 , trit stól, 23 K 42, 404.19 , trit na scelaib-sin, ZCP vi 72.21 , most usually with article and possessives, see infra. Note also tres gach, DDána 66.1 ; cf. tre gach bhfear .l., tres gach bhfear .c., Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.6 .

With art.: sing. m. and f. tresin, Wb. 20d13 , 30a13 , Sg. 59b18 , 138a1 , 161b1 , 188a26 , 201a2 , BCr. 32a8 , 34c2 , TBFr. 238 , PH 8086 . tresind, Mon. Tall. 141.z . tresan, TBC-LL¹ p. 837 n. 5 , IGT Decl. ex. 1121 . trésan, TSh. 190 , Ó Héodhusa 46.1. trisin, Wb. 5b20 , 10b19 , 12d20 , Tur. 43 , 48 , 55 , 68 , Sg. 209b31 , Ml. 19b11 , 29b8 , 33d13 , 37a22 , etc. trissin, Wb. 12d39 . triasin, SR 7580 , Sc.M² 22.6 , PH 5137 . triasand láim, BDD² 1511 . triasan, ZCP viii 114 § 14 . neut. tresa, Sg. 32a8 , 197b2 . tressa, Wb. 32c20 , tresṅgné `by the species,' Sg. 73b1 . trisa, Wb. 13a10 , Ml. 20a6 , 30d19 , 37b7 . trissa, Wb. 4d33 , Ml. 15a13 , 37d16 , 42c23 , 54c15 , etc. triasa, BDD² 1435.

Note also trit an firt, BColm. 88.2 . tríd an sgéal, Dán Dé xxviii 31 . trit an talmain, Maund. 8.

Plur. tresna, Hib. Min. 445 , PH 4164 , Feis Tighe Chonáin 779 . trésna, Fél. Prol. 44 , TSh. 601 . trisna, Wb. 4a6 , Tur. 65 , Ml. 25b7 , 36c19 , 38d18 , etc. triasna, PH 4657 , BColm. 106.2 .

With pron. suff. 1 s. trium, Wb. 23b30 . tríom, DDána 3.16 . 2 s. triut, Ml. 44c11 , 88a16 , 17 , Sc.M² 9 (tréot, v.l.), Fél. Ep. 438 , IT i 70.14 , Ériu iii 137.55 . triut, LU 3255 . trit-su, PH 2664 . treot, RC xxvii 276.3 . treót, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). thréodsa .i. thriodsa , O'Cl. tríod, TD 14.20 , DDána 110.47 . 3 s. m. and n. triit, Wb. 1d4 , 2b15 , 8d11 , Ml. 51b10 , Sg. 73b7 , 76b7 , Críth G. 549 , SR 172 , IT i 76.6 . tríit, Ml. 51d1 , Sg. 43a3 , 148b7 . tríit, TBC-LL¹ 1184 . triitt, BColm. 66.12 . trit, Wb. 27c2 , Mon. Tall. 156.10 , PH 7792 , Laws i 44.1 Comm. , Rosa Angl. 40.3 . tríd, DDána 32.35 , Content. vii 15 , TSh. 9831 . With lenited th-: thrít, TBC-LL¹ 3264 . thríd, Ériu ix 165 § 25 , TSh. 10785 . 3 s. f. tree, Wb. 2c4 , 5c17 . trée, Sg. 25b14 . treæ, Ml. 88b15 . trea ( trethe , v.l.), BDD² 1231 . tre(i)the, -i, Sc.M² 1 , ZCP viii 104.18 , TBC-LL¹ 1946 , Laws i 144.2 Comm. , 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), tréthi, PH 2385 . trithe, Fél.² lxxvii 29 , Maund. 80 . trithi, Stair Erc. 2493 . tríthe, TBC-LL¹ p. 651 n. 5 , DDána 54.28 . TD 10.25 (condemned in IGT, see citation below). With lenited th—: thríthi, TD 13.8 . thríthe, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 . 1 pl. triunni, Wb. 14c16 , Ml. 129d20 . tríonn, Dán Dé x 9 , DDána 40.17 . trín-ne, 40.28 . With lenited th-: thrínn, Dán Dé xxvii 32 . thrín, Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . 2 pl. triib, Wb. 3b22 . triuib, TTr.² 1766 . tribh, DDána 30.15 , TD 14.37 . 3 pl. treu, Wb. 28c18 , 30c13 , Ml. 42b13 , 42c11 . tréu, 42d2 . treo, Sg. 4b4 , 138a4 , Críth G. 540 , BDD² 1278 (treu, tréu, v.ll.). tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . treothu, SR 327 , 4311 , PH 1216 . treotho, AU i 578.7 . treotha, Laws i 44.10 Comm. tretho, iii 362.22 . tretha, Ériu xii 190.y . trithu, PH 4637 , MR 194.15 . tritha, Marco P. 145 . tríotha, TSh. 8342 . thríotha, A IV 3, 771.x . trithibh, BNnÉ 324.6 .

In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with infixed -m-, and -o- instead of -e- (infl. of ré n-): 1 s. treamhum, DDána 39.23 . tréamham (: dhéanamh), Ó Bruad. iii 22.5 . treamham .i. thriom, O'Cl. 2 s. tremut, PH 2424 . tromud, YBL 149b7 . tromhat, SG 69.34 . 3 s. m. tre(i)m(h)it, -d, PH 2645 , BColm. 78.23 , Laws v 172.z Comm. , DDána 101.8 (: dtig), AFM iii 128.x , CCath. 3944 . treimheit (: dheit), Content. ix 7 . treimhid .i. trid, O'Cl. 3 s. f. trempi, TTebe 3287 , MR 202.1 . troimpi, IGT Decl. ex. 1124 (treimpi, v.l.). With lenition thrempi, PH 268 . 3 pl. trempu, PH 8155 . treampa, Hugh Roe 94.18 . treampa .i. triotha, O'Cl. treompo, TTebe 1909 . trompa, 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), Leb. Gab.(i) 104.16 , Lism. L. 4609 . triomhtha, Ó Bruad. ii 190.10 .

The following forms are given for syllabic verse in Bard. Synt. Tr. 7.21 : tríom, tromham, treamham; tríod, tríot tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat; tríd, troimhe, treimhe; tríotha, l. a ghearradh, trithe, l. a shíneadh, troimpe, treimpe; troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit ...; trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn; tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh; tríotha, trompa, treampa.

With poss. adj.: 1 s. trem, Wb. 17b33 , 23b23 , 30a25 , TBC-LL¹ 3132 , TD 39.2 . trim, Ml. 44b29 , 89a2 , 127a3 . triam, RC vi 176.59 . 2 s. trit, Ml. 62d4 , 87a9 . triat, SR 1484 , 1727 , TBC-I¹ 2811 . tret, Sc.M² 11 (triat, v.l.), DDána 101.8 . tred, TBC-LL¹ p. 617 n. 10 , DDána 56.9 . trét, PH 2599 . 3 s. and pl. tria, Wb. 1b5 , Ml. 37b23 , Sg. 211b5 , Críth G. 214 ; f. Wb. 10a3 ; pl. Wb. 8a14 , Ml. 28d15 , Sg. 3a11 . tría, Ml. 30c5 . triánn drochgnímu, 84c14 . trea, Wb. 29d29 , 33c7 , Hib. Min. 214 ; f. TBFr. 234 (treda, MS.); pl. Wb. 19a12 , 29a7 , Fél. Jan. 4 (tria, v.l.). tr, TTebe 1017 . thre, Ériu i 28.193 . tré a, TSh. 472 . triana, SR 5201 , BDD² 1164 ; f. IT i 125.24 . trena, LU 3292 ; f. DDána 16.6 ; pl. PH. 7056 . trina, Maund. 44 ; pl. TBC-LL¹ 3616 . tréna, TSh. 8343 ; f. Dán Dé xxv 49 ; pl. Studies 1924, 242 § 11 . treimhid a tromaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n. 2 . trīd a (sic MS.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 , O'Cl. s.v. tré. 1 pl. triar , Ml. 83c11 , 100d14 . trear, Wb. 26a27 . tre ar, DDána 10.5 . trénar, Dán Dé xxv 18 . 2 pl. tri bar, Wb. 9d24 . tri far, Ml. 115b8 . tre bar, Wb. 14c17 , 27a1 . tre far, 23d16 . tre bhar, DDána 95.22 .

With aile: trialaile, Wb. 10a4 . trinaroile, Stair Erc. 2156 . trenaroili, 809 .

With rel.: trisa mbí, Wb. 3d21 . trissa nétatsat, Ml. 57a3 . trisnansoirthae, 124a8 . trisá netar, 126b19 . trisin-damrobae, 126d11 . tresa mbí, Wb. 23b5 . tresindippiat, tresindabia, 25d8 . tressa naithnuigther, Thes. ii 253.12 . tresambed, Mon. Tall. 164.7 . tres-in iumfhoilngither, PH 6250 . trias-a roichet, 5904 . triasradībdad, Cáin Ad. 21 . tríasa n-agailledar, RC xiii 269.13 . tre' tig, PH 7792 . tré dtuillmid, Donlevy 152.12 . tre a bhfuil, DDána 107.6 . tre ar fhás, 10.17 . tré nach faghar, Content. xvi 85 . trina tic, ZCP vi 272 § 11 . trinar marbh se, 279.2 . tríd nar bh'oircheas, DDána 46.1 . thríd nach fuighinn, 25a.4 . tremit ar harced, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

I In local senses.

(a) through . Of countries, territories, etc.: dia luid duaid ... tri glenn iosofád, Ml. 58c4 . rethid ... tré airechtu athluma, | tre buidnib ban ..., | tre cholltib, tre chathracha (of the writer's thoughts), Ériu iii 14 § 3 . do hionnarbadh inn | tre Chlár ... bhFéilim, TD 15.9 . along roads, across bridges, fords, etc.: trisna cemmen i nandais beus gl. hii psalmi graduum dicuntur qua in ascensu Templi canebantur per ea interualla ... `through the steps on which they continued to halt,' Ml. 133b4 . trisna foirthiu ailitherdi gl. peregrina per marmora `through the foreign fords (?),' Tur. 65 . ni bhaoi conair ... act trésan droichet, Hugh Roe 94.18 . triall ... tré bhealach bhriste na cána, TSh. 2589 . Of apertures, doors, etc.: ol in spiurt noib tri giun in fatho, Ml. 74d13 . do aircechain tria ginu na fer fireon, Laws i 16.6 . cethri drolaim ... | asind airc ... | dá drol treothu, SR 4311 . bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar ṁbrúar, BDD² 1295 . tria tholl na comla, ACL iii 308 vi 20 . nos tairnged tria ladraib a choss, TBC-LL¹ 1408 . trit in dorus sin, ZCP vi 284.32 . through the midst of a crowd of people, army, etc.: acht mad treo docoí `except he have gone through them (the enemy)' (note), Críth G. 540 . culu tria neit ... .i. amal teit carpat ... tria chath, ACC 2 . dolen Sir Heront trit in cath e, ZCP vi 69.22 . dol trempa gan airisiumh, AFM vi 2162.x . Of buildings: cóic shéoit i ndul tria thech tria lías, Críth G. 214 . ragaid ... tria choimtig inn rígthaigi (a sword), BDD² 1248 . secht sligeda trethe (of a bruden), Sc.M² 1 . Of garments, shields, etc.: co tregda in fer tria scíath, Críth G. 555 . atconnairc Cu Chulaind ... a gualaind tresin cochull, LU 3788 . ro gonadhsan cach tairsí ┐ treithi ┐ séici (bricht comga), TBC-LL¹ p. 359 n. 7 . Of the body or parts of the body: ? rog[lan]ad són tria deis gl. arcton [dextra tenet] (simile of the four parts of the Cross and the four cardinal points), Tur. 142 . bróenán fola ... | tria thóebán, Fél. Ep. 352 . triam taebh, RC vi 176.59 . triana chend, TBC-LL¹ 1268 . budh iomdha ... tre chneas ... | soighead, TD 16.66 . Of a surface, skin, the earth etc.: cach luib tricc ticc tria thalmain, SR 1926 . nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig | nach creid ... dhuid `there is no verdure on the rock but trusts ...,' Dán Dé xxix 26 . Cf. co faisctis a drucht ┐ a uanfadh tremit so that its dew and foam were squeezed from it (of the moon), CCath. 3944.

Various: anadchither tri themel, Wb. 12c12 . ni forcmat óin chomsuidigud trea nuili aimsera `through all their tenses,' Sg. 157b9 . arbeittet bairtni bindi | tri laith linni ainm nAeda `melodious bardisms modulate through pools of liquor the name of Aed,' Thes. ii 295.17 . condelgdar tresna thri grad `it is compared through the three degrees,' Hib. Min. 445 . atracht iarom trena chotlud, LU 3292 , `he arose then out of his sleep,' SCC² 82 . ionmhuin taidhbhse táinig sonn | aréir trem chodladh chugom, TD 39.2 . íar ndul triit after it has leaked (of a cauldron), Críth G. 549 . comhradh leanb ar luaidheadh thrín `all that we uttered was childish talk' (lit. all that was mentioned among us), Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . re dul thríd in going through it (a book), Donlevy iv 11.

(b) Implying mixture, mingling, etc.: imchomarc co naithisib triit `a question with revilings through it,' Ml. 54c13 . snechta tria shín lūades gáeth `through a snowstorm,' Thes. ii 331.4 . fuair Dia ... | domblas aoi tre fhíon arsuidh, Aithd. D. 98.30 . fuaim a sruth ... | tre ghuth ainglidhe a healtan, TD 13.5 . an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna chéile, TSh. 174 . In phrases corresponding to the Mod. Ir. tré theine on fire: atā trē doiger derg-lasrach donn-ruaide (of a burning wood), ML² 958 . cáer theinntidhe dfaicsin tre lasadh ó mhullach an tighe, ITS xvi 8.28 . fuair a réghlés féin tré choirthir smáil teineadh ┐ tennáil, Ériu v 76.24 .

(c) Personal forms ref. to object of verbs of cutting : co treghdfad in tsleg trithi hī (a pig), Fianaig. 66.12 . gur comraind in imdaig ... trempi co talmain and cut clean through the couch, MR 202.1 . roscris in t-eideth ara druim ┐ rogerr in dilat aluind oraighi trithi cut through the saddle, ZCP vi 70.28 .

(d) 3 s. trít in adverbial phrases. t.¤ sís, anuas, siar throughout: ┐ a n-illradh tríd sís, IGT Decl. § 42.11 . greagh, cert lethan tríd sís as .c. aige, § 45. inann ghabaid [uile] tríd anúas (of nouns declined in same way), § 37 . a lán féinneadh feadh an tighe, | tríd siar `all through the house,' TD 11.17 . t.¤ amach absolutely, completely: aderim gurub é is lan and trit amach `absolute fulness,' Rosa Angl. 40.3 . Note also : ni triit tarsnu toimsideir not diametrically is it measured (the earth), SR 172.

(e) téit tre lit. goes through (of an attack, battle-charge): rachthair thairsiu is tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . docuatarsom foithib ┐ tríthu ┐ tarrsa, D IV 2, 45ra44 . is trithu nach tiaghar, MR 194.15 . violates, breaks (an oath): arna te nech tria lugae, Ml. 36a23 . dul tria aitiri, Críth G. 306 . Cf. nach ccuirfeadh féin ... trīd a mhionnuibh é (sic leg.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 . ? cid fín bárc do-téised treut (treu, treothu, v.ll.), BDD² 740 (see note).

II In temporal senses.

(a) tri rei ciana `for long times,' Ml. 90d14 . condib tria nuile ṁbethaid ón dano ┐ nib cuit ree `that it should be so through their whole life,' Tur. 71 . do toscelad áiss aescai ... tri bliadni incholnigtheo `through the years of the Incarnation,' Thes. ii 41.24 . isintt urtt chetna biae tre cach oena `(thou) shalt continue under the same rule through each fast,' Mon. Tall. 154.3 . tres-in sechtmain-sea throughout this week, PH 461.

(b) In adverbial phrase tre bithu, tre bith sír, etc., for ever, everlastingly: tre bithu, Fél. Mar. 31 . do gress doib, ... tria bithu coa airfitiud, SR 684 . tria bitho, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 52 . tria bitha sír, ZCP viii 108.17 . tre bhiotha síor, TD 15.18 . tria bith sir, PH 1938 . tre bhioth síor, TD 13.39 . tria bithu betha, TBC-LL¹ 2704 . tre saeghul na saegal, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . tré shaoghal na saoghal in saecula saeculorum, TSh. 2052.

III Indicating the medium or attendant circumstances of a communication, action, etc. (in many of the follg. exx. the meaning approximates to that in tre IV infra).

(a) tri insci redi ... duadbat som ... `through speech ...,' Ml. 51c11 . dufornditer ... a ngnimae inna rig sin tri delba ban, 65c16 . tri throp ` figuratively ,' 65b14 . in moltai dogniín se tri bindius ┐ chlais, 136a8 . rosluinter ... tre rangabáil in persan hisin, Sg. 189b2 . doasilbthaer triit som gníim ... do neuch (of the word sui), 209a1 . in tre prois ... roceta int[ṡ]ailim, Hib. Min. 175 . titul do scribend ... tria litrib Ébra, PH 2877 . cennsa ... ┐ 'áilgeni tuicther tres-in snechta is understood by, 3386 . cōic anmand dēc tre blaid mbinn | fil d'anmanaib for Bōïnn, ZCP viii 106.1 . tuic let ... na Tiabanda taetencha i sidh in[a] cathrachaib ... trésna helaib understand by the swans ... the Thebans, TTebe 1233 . coic cetfada ... rotidhnaicedh o Dhia don cinedh doenna ... d'fegad De trompa, Lism. L. 4609 . nolabraidis na ceithri tre glor ndaenda with a human voice, CCath. 886 . adbeart ... trē bhogāssaigh urlapra ┐ trē dhānacht glōir ... go raghadh, Fl. Earls 50.3 . Note also: ata dedi ara scribhtar in tituil tria derg in red ink, Hib. Min. 241.

(b) Introducing the particular language of a communication: trí ilbélre gl. linguis loquens, Wb. 12c34 . co n-epistlib immdaib ... tria Goedeilg, IT i 19.37 . berla na filed, triasa n-agailledar cach dib a chele, RC xiii 269.13 . bennaighes tre n-a thengaid fein doib-sen, KMMisc. 317.12 .

(c) With abstract noun indicating the attendant circumstances of an action: isber Mói[d]ógc tria ocla móir `in great wrath,' BColm. 74.7 . do sloind tre medhair mhileis `told with sweet gladness,' Ériu iv 116.16 . roboi cinniud tria chombáig `a comrades' covènant,' RC iii 183.7 . adeirid cách liom tré rún | go bhfuil ..., TD 22.20 . "cuin do bhí againn t'éara" | cantar uainn tré aithmhéala, DDána 29.25 . do gluais fein tre mire ┐ tre mormenmain ... roime in anger and haughtiness, L. Chl. S. 4.1 . Cf. adeirim ris an saoghal cromadh trésan déirc to resort to almsgiving, TSh. 190.

(d) Introducing the authorisation of an action, the person or thing invoked, etc.: is tri ísu predchimse, Wb. 1d9 . guidmit-ne ... tu-sa ... tré-t miadamla, PH 2599 . soghuidhe an rí tres an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 . do bheannaigh[ea]dur damh tresna déibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 779.

IV Instrumental and causal. These two meanings merge into each other, and in O. Ir. particularly many exx. will bear either interpretation (cf. Fraser, ZCP viii 61 f. ).

(a) Instrum. through, by means of: condagaibtis int ais amprom tria nintleda `through their snares,' Ml. 31c6 . adchotadsam triar saithar, 92c5 . amal is trí accomol nildule conterissedar in domon sic imfolangar oínmolad do dia tri chocetal inna nule ṅdule, 145c4 . á híc tria fuil, Wb. 2b11 . ce rudglanta tri bathis, 4a6 . in tan dombeir in dea aithesc tre chomthoud talmaidech, Sg. 162a4 . tre airde ┐ firto, Thes. ii 253.4 . is tre trocuiri ... dotaegar hi cresiniu, Hib. Min. 356 . ro promtha tré martrai, Fél. June 27 . donrat fri saeth tria aslach, SR 1342 . niba hicc deitsiu tre Findio `thou shalt get no cure through Findio,' Mon. Tall. 154.15 . do sarughadh tria firta ┐ mirbaile `overcome by the great signs and miracles,' Laws i 14.19 . tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe (of a pig), Sc.M² 5 . cia ... nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa trias-na mírbulib-sea, PH 4657 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird | ... | triasa fa[g] badais crodh cain `whereby they won goodly treasure,' Ériu iv 174 § 9 . co findud slondud trit beos `he discovers the name by this means,' Laws i 44.1 Comm. braighde Ēirenn ... | gabhais tre rīghe is tre nert, ZCP viii 108.22 . foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi ... E. do bith i sith B.L., IT i 129.22 . do fhionnfuinn thríd do threisi `I should learn thy strength by it,' Ériu ix 165 § 25 . dá raibhe ní sa mheasa ... dheallruigheas tréna ghné specie sui, TSh. 8343 . Cf. rohicait a crecha ris dona buaib tremi⃛ ar harced he in the matter of which he had been plundered, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

(b) Causal on account of, by reason of (frequent with follg. vn.): combad mou de la dia a serc tri epert dosom adruthreb side indib, Ml. 92c4 . amal dundechutar doinmecha dunni triar pecthu, 111c14 . is tria hiris rambái cach maith, Wb. 2c13 . is hed dotheít de tre ilar na ndáne i nilur na persan `through the multitude of the gifts in the multitude of the persons,' 22a11 . tre thesbaid naich baill dind deilb, Sg. 5a5 . cid tre étged rop othar, Críth G. 61 . tré chin drochmna, IT i 75.6 . co n-éigit na haingil co sérb ... tria mar dho-míllset na dáine in gáel glaine do-bí doib ríu, PH 7431 . tresna ceōlaib sein ar sein | do creit Grigair in Comdid, ZCP viii 114.18 . is treothu na mortlaidi (faults of a prince), ACL iii 315 § 36 . do chogadh tre chloinn nUisnigh `to avenge,' Aithd. D. 6.31 . tre bheith do shluagh flatha Fáil | re luadh gcatha, TD 4.37 . is glór tré dhlús dighe soin `they (i.e. words) are inspired by hard drinking,' Content. xxv 4 . ba cara do-sam cech oen dib trena athair ┐ tremit fein on his father's account and on his own, Ann. Conn. 1225.6 . adubairt go crochfadh a muinntir uili tre bas in dithrebaig, Maund. 128 . is í cúis uma dtáinig Partholón ... tré mar do mharbh sé a athair `because he had slain his father,' Keat. i 160.74 . na sagairt ghlacas leagáid ... tre ghuidhe orra in return for, on condition of , TSh. 4513 . tángadar teachta ó rígh Laighean ... do thairgsin séad ┐ maoine dhóibh ... ó Laighnibh tré thilleadh don Mhumain tar a n-ais `if they returned,' Keat. iii 3146 . In phrase trít sin therefore: as tridsin do impoatar Ulltaigh ... airsium, RC xviii 268.24 . tríd sin, Keat. ii 654 . treimit sin, Fen. 302.15 . tremit-side, Ann. Conn. 1284.2 . do-icc tre is brought about by, is due to: is triuib tháníc cech n-olc, TTr.² 1766 . na huilc-si do thecht trit, PH 7792 . nó go ndéanann mo chlí cionnta | ní fhéaghann sí a dtiocfa tríd, Dán Dé x 5 . is tromhat táinic lot ... mu ríghisea, SG 69.34 .

In compds. tremi-, tris- with vbs., tre- with nouns and adjj. (often as intensive prefix), see separate articles.